Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 31 35 37
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +11
Contract jobs citing Microservices 4,397 2,094 5,096
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.13% 5.70% 5.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.91% 6.58% 6.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,119 1,602 3,817
10th Percentile £413 £400 £406
25th Percentile £463 £463 £458
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £526 £525
Median % change year-on-year +2.14% +0.24% +5.00%
75th Percentile £625 £625 £608
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 10 9
10th Percentile £40.00 £44.44 £28.65
25th Percentile £44.00 £57.25 £32.50
Median hourly rate £63.00 £61.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +3.28% +16.19% +59.09%
75th Percentile £71.96 £63.00 £60.00
90th Percentile £77.40 £69.50 £62.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £59.65 £46.40 £52.50
% change year-on-year +28.55% -11.62% +59.09%

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 63,664 31,822 80,337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.71% 86.62% 87.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,840 21,247 53,690
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £406 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £580 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,701 914 2,186
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.38 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.60 £16.15 £14.50
Median hourly rate £23.45 £24.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.29% +8.89% +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.25 £46.02 £45.00
90th Percentile £60.87 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.80 £21.57 £22.93
% change year-on-year -3.57% -5.93% +20.68%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 3,547 £550 +1.62% 1,701
London +2 2,322 £575 +4.55% 841
Work from Home +3 1,266 £533 +6.50% 387
UK excluding London +13 1,241 £500 - 943
North of England +15 336 £525 +0.67% 290
South East +11 236 £500 - 208
Scotland +39 234 £450 - 60
South West +26 164 £495 +4.21% 89
North West +19 161 £519 +3.70% 181
Midlands +11 116 £475 +10.98% 141
East of England -16 114 £533 +3.90% 108
Yorkshire -7 103 £525 +1.94% 75
West Midlands +10 82 £495 +15.65% 72
North East +11 72 £563 +2.27% 34
East Midlands -5 35 £475 +50.79% 68
Wales -4 25 £495 +4.21% 28
Northern Ireland +7 17 £475 +10.21% 20

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 2,217 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
2 2,202 (50.08%) Java
3 1,529 (34.77%) AWS
4 1,394 (31.70%) DevOps
5 1,340 (30.48%) Azure
6 1,316 (29.93%) Docker
7 1,314 (29.88%) Kubernetes
8 1,231 (28.00%) Spring
9 987 (22.45%) TDD
10 949 (21.58%) Spring Boot
11 932 (21.20%) Jenkins
12 899 (20.45%) JavaScript
13 863 (19.63%) Git (software)
14 852 (19.38%) Finance
15 819 (18.63%) SQL
16 762 (17.33%) Python
17 747 (16.99%) Software Engineering
18 733 (16.67%) React
19 690 (15.69%) .NET
20 684 (15.56%) REST
21 669 (15.21%) Scrum
22 641 (14.58%) Social Skills
23 615 (13.99%) Kafka
24 598 (13.60%) Full Stack Development
25 587 (13.35%) C#
26 583 (13.26%) Test Automation
27 572 (13.01%) Node.js
28 556 (12.64%) Terraform
29 536 (12.19%) Serverless
30 521 (11.85%) GCP

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (4.96%) Confluence
2 149 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
3 126 (2.87%) Apache
4 104 (2.37%) Apache Spark
5 67 (1.52%) Tomcat
6 56 (1.27%) WebLogic
7 50 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
8 49 (1.11%) JBoss
9 45 (1.02%) BizTalk Server
10 41 (0.93%) nginx
11 40 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
12 35 (0.80%) CMS
12 35 (0.80%) Mule
13 29 (0.66%) OpenStack
14 27 (0.61%) WebSphere
15 25 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
16 22 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 22 (0.50%) SharePoint
17 16 (0.36%) Camunda
18 15 (0.34%) Anypoint
Applications
1 9 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.091%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.068%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.045%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.023%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.023%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
1 11 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.091%) SAP CRM
3 3 (0.068%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.068%) Magento
3 3 (0.068%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.068%) SAP FI-CA
3 3 (0.068%) SAP HCM
3 3 (0.068%) SAP PSCD
3 3 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.045%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.045%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.045%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.045%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.045%) SAP CAR
4 2 (0.045%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.023%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.023%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.023%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 1,529 (34.77%) AWS
2 1,340 (30.48%) Azure
3 536 (12.19%) Serverless
4 521 (11.85%) GCP
5 341 (7.76%) AWS Lambda
6 284 (6.46%) PaaS
7 261 (5.94%) SaaS
8 238 (5.41%) GitHub
9 231 (5.25%) OpenShift
10 164 (3.73%) IaaS
11 162 (3.68%) Amazon S3
12 133 (3.02%) AWS CloudFormation
13 114 (2.59%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 106 (2.41%) Amazon EKS
15 93 (2.12%) Amazon SQS
16 92 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
17 87 (1.98%) Azure Functions
18 86 (1.96%) Azure Service Bus
19 84 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
20 69 (1.57%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 84 (1.91%) Firewall
2 83 (1.89%) HTTP
3 74 (1.68%) DNS
4 33 (0.75%) SSL
5 31 (0.71%) Internet
6 25 (0.57%) LAN
7 19 (0.43%) AMQP
7 19 (0.43%) TCP/IP
7 19 (0.43%) VPN
8 17 (0.39%) HTTPS
8 17 (0.39%) IPsec
8 17 (0.39%) Wireless
9 16 (0.36%) WAN
10 15 (0.34%) Kerberos
11 13 (0.30%) DHCP
12 12 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.25%) IPv4
14 9 (0.20%) SSH
15 8 (0.18%) MQTT
16 7 (0.16%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (10.51%) NoSQL
2 398 (9.05%) MongoDB
3 348 (7.91%) PostgreSQL
4 293 (6.66%) SQL Server
5 226 (5.14%) Relational Database
6 187 (4.25%) MySQL
7 156 (3.55%) Big Data
8 133 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
9 117 (2.66%) Redis
10 106 (2.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 105 (2.39%) Azure SQL Database
12 87 (1.98%) Hadoop
13 79 (1.80%) Oracle Database
14 78 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
15 73 (1.66%) RDBMS
16 64 (1.46%) Amazon Aurora
17 56 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
18 52 (1.18%) Data Lake
19 49 (1.11%) Power BI
20 47 (1.07%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 932 (21.20%) Jenkins
2 863 (19.63%) Git (software)
3 434 (9.87%) Maven
4 338 (7.69%) JIRA
5 235 (5.34%) Cucumber
6 234 (5.32%) JUnit
7 221 (5.03%) GitLab
8 145 (3.30%) Selenium
9 125 (2.84%) Mockito
10 120 (2.73%) Gradle
11 116 (2.64%) Bitbucket
12 105 (2.39%) SonarQube
13 102 (2.32%) Subversion
14 88 (2.00%) Postman
14 88 (2.00%) TeamCity
15 85 (1.93%) Sonatype Nexus
16 84 (1.91%) Artifactory
17 69 (1.57%) Cypress.io
18 65 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 61 (1.39%) webpack
General
1 852 (19.38%) Finance
2 641 (14.58%) Social Skills
3 508 (11.55%) Banking
4 294 (6.69%) Public Sector
5 156 (3.55%) Retail
6 129 (2.93%) Front Office
7 125 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
8 111 (2.52%) Telecoms
9 87 (1.98%) Investment Banking
10 82 (1.86%) Marketing
11 74 (1.68%) Influencing Skills
12 70 (1.59%) Presentation Skills
13 57 (1.30%) Manufacturing
14 49 (1.11%) Electronics
15 47 (1.07%) Games
16 40 (0.91%) Documentation Skills
17 32 (0.73%) Retail Banking
18 29 (0.66%) Financial Institution
19 26 (0.59%) Legal
20 24 (0.55%) Law
Job Titles
1 2,296 (52.22%) Developer
2 1,111 (25.27%) Java Developer
3 729 (16.58%) Architect
4 387 (8.80%) Senior Developer
5 325 (7.39%) Solutions Architect
6 289 (6.57%) DevOps Engineer
7 274 (6.23%) Full Stack Developer
8 265 (6.03%) Software Engineer
9 239 (5.44%) .NET Developer
10 225 (5.12%) Senior Java Developer
11 141 (3.21%) Cloud Architect
12 134 (3.05%) Java Engineer
13 133 (3.02%) C# Developer
14 127 (2.89%) Azure Engineer
15 123 (2.80%) AWS Developer
16 104 (2.37%) React Developer
17 103 (2.34%) Azure Architect
18 98 (2.23%) AWS Architect
18 98 (2.23%) Technical Architect
19 95 (2.16%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,231 (28.00%) Spring
2 949 (21.58%) Spring Boot
3 733 (16.67%) React
4 690 (15.69%) .NET
5 684 (15.56%) REST
6 615 (13.99%) Kafka
7 572 (13.01%) Node.js
8 518 (11.78%) AngularJS
9 464 (10.55%) RESTful
10 404 (9.19%) Web Services
11 402 (9.14%) HTML
12 377 (8.57%) .NET Core
13 350 (7.96%) CSS
14 254 (5.78%) GraphQL
15 246 (5.59%) JSON
16 210 (4.78%) Hibernate
17 182 (4.14%) RabbitMQ
18 179 (4.07%) OAuth
19 178 (4.05%) XML
20 165 (3.75%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 317 (7.21%) Cloud Native
2 220 (5.00%) Greenfield Project
3 168 (3.82%) User Experience
4 146 (3.32%) Legacy Systems
5 145 (3.30%) Public Cloud
6 114 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
7 88 (2.00%) Data Structures
8 83 (1.89%) Mobile App
9 69 (1.57%) Data Protection Act
10 68 (1.55%) Hybrid Cloud
10 68 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
11 66 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 64 (1.46%) Management Information System
13 52 (1.18%) Legacy Applications
14 51 (1.16%) Derivative
15 50 (1.14%) Fixed Income
16 49 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 42 (0.96%) Data Centre
18 39 (0.89%) Hedge funds
19 31 (0.71%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 466 (10.60%) Linux
2 177 (4.03%) Windows
3 176 (4.00%) Unix
4 45 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 35 (0.80%) Android
6 26 (0.59%) Apple iOS
7 14 (0.32%) Debian
7 14 (0.32%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.32%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.27%) Mac OS X
9 11 (0.25%) CentOS
9 11 (0.25%) VMS
10 7 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.14%) CoreOS
12 4 (0.091%) AIX
12 4 (0.091%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.068%) Solaris
14 2 (0.045%) Alpine Linux
14 2 (0.045%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,217 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,394 (31.70%) DevOps
3 987 (22.45%) TDD
4 747 (16.99%) Software Engineering
5 669 (15.21%) Scrum
6 598 (13.60%) Full Stack Development
7 583 (13.26%) Test Automation
8 516 (11.74%) BDD
9 492 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
10 385 (8.76%) SDLC
11 322 (7.32%) Infrastructure as Code
12 279 (6.35%) Open Source
13 261 (5.94%) Problem-Solving
14 258 (5.87%) Mentoring
14 258 (5.87%) OO
15 256 (5.82%) Event-Driven
16 255 (5.80%) SOA
17 242 (5.50%) Unit Testing
18 229 (5.21%) Analytics
19 228 (5.19%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,202 (50.08%) Java
2 899 (20.45%) JavaScript
3 819 (18.63%) SQL
4 762 (17.33%) Python
5 587 (13.35%) C#
6 511 (11.62%) Java 8
7 373 (8.48%) TypeScript
8 271 (6.16%) Scala
9 219 (4.98%) Java 11
10 217 (4.94%) Go
11 138 (3.14%) C++
12 131 (2.98%) Kotlin
13 125 (2.84%) Bash Shell
14 116 (2.64%) PL/SQL
15 111 (2.52%) PowerShell
16 76 (1.73%) Shell Script
17 74 (1.68%) Ruby
18 70 (1.59%) T-SQL
19 61 (1.39%) Groovy
20 47 (1.07%) PHP
Qualifications
1 368 (8.37%) Security Cleared
2 290 (6.60%) SC Cleared
3 181 (4.12%) Degree
4 69 (1.57%) DV Cleared
5 63 (1.43%) Computer Science Degree
6 45 (1.02%) AWS Certification
7 28 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
8 20 (0.45%) Master's Degree
9 18 (0.41%) Sun Certification
10 17 (0.39%) OCPJP
11 10 (0.23%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.18%) ISEB
13 7 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.16%) Novell Certification
14 5 (0.11%) SANS
15 4 (0.091%) BC Cleared
15 4 (0.091%) CFA
15 4 (0.091%) PhD
15 4 (0.091%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (4.39%) QA
2 98 (2.23%) Accessibility
3 46 (1.05%) GDPR
4 28 (0.64%) Data Quality
5 26 (0.59%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.48%) WCAG
7 16 (0.36%) GRC
8 10 (0.23%) NIST
8 10 (0.23%) SLA
9 9 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.11%) COBIT
11 5 (0.11%) MiFID
12 4 (0.091%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.091%) EMIR
12 4 (0.091%) ISO 20022
12 4 (0.091%) PMO
13 3 (0.068%) FedRAMP
13 3 (0.068%) HL7
14 2 (0.045%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 1,316 (29.93%) Docker
2 77 (1.75%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.61%) Virtual Desktop
4 20 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.34%) HDFS
5 15 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.20%) vSphere
7 7 (0.16%) RACF
8 6 (0.14%) Platform Symphony
8 6 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.091%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.068%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.068%) iptables
10 3 (0.068%) LXC
10 3 (0.068%) NFS
10 3 (0.068%) Postfix
10 3 (0.068%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 3 (0.068%) vCloud
11 2 (0.045%) KVM
12 1 (0.023%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,314 (29.88%) Kubernetes
2 556 (12.64%) Terraform
3 377 (8.57%) Ansible
4 210 (4.78%) Grafana
5 135 (3.07%) Prometheus
6 96 (2.18%) Kibana
7 73 (1.66%) Puppet
8 70 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
9 59 (1.34%) Istio
10 34 (0.77%) Rancher
11 32 (0.73%) logstash
12 25 (0.57%) Nagios
13 23 (0.52%) Consul
14 20 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
15 18 (0.41%) Fluentd
16 11 (0.25%) Oozie
17 10 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
18 9 (0.20%) Kubeflow
19 8 (0.18%) MIIS
20 7 (0.16%) SCCM
Vendors
1 438 (9.96%) Oracle
2 283 (6.44%) Google
3 247 (5.62%) Microsoft
4 140 (3.18%) MuleSoft
5 123 (2.80%) Splunk
6 108 (2.46%) SAP
7 80 (1.82%) IBM
8 65 (1.48%) Atlassian
9 61 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
10 48 (1.09%) Red Hat
11 42 (0.96%) WSO2
12 41 (0.93%) Informatica
13 40 (0.91%) webMethods
14 38 (0.86%) Databricks
15 35 (0.80%) Adobe
16 34 (0.77%) VMware
17 32 (0.73%) AppDynamics
18 30 (0.68%) Dynatrace
19 28 (0.64%) BEA
19 28 (0.64%) ServiceNow