Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 39 37 55
Rank change year-on-year -2 +18 +51
Contract jobs citing Microservices 3,105 5,586 3,984
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.11% 5.76% 3.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.02% 6.60% 4.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,276 4,252 2,965
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £406 £400 £400
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £488 £463
% change year-on-year +1.54% +5.41% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 14 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 51,606 84,575 88,128
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.89% 87.25% 86.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,807 56,038 58,320
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.05%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £289
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £430 £415
% change year-on-year +2.33% +3.61% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,854 2,143 2,213
Median hourly rate £25.53 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.12% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.85 £11.38
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.21 £50.20
Median hourly rate £22.50 £23.49 £22.00
% change year-on-year -4.21% +6.77% -12.00%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 2,845 £545 +3.81% 1,059
London +4 1,871 £550 - 592
UK excluding London -6 1,175 £495 +1.54% 499
North of England -8 308 £495 +1.02% 121
South East -25 226 £488 +2.63% 158
Midlands -14 154 £450 -3.23% 83
South West -26 143 £500 -4.76% 61
Scotland +19 139 £493 +9.44% 15
East of England +19 138 £513 -0.49% 45
Yorkshire +2 127 £500 +2.04% 30
North West -10 123 £500 - 75
West Midlands -11 112 £469 +4.17% 44
Work from Home -16 78 £500 - 111
Wales +2 64 £458 -8.50% 11
North East -4 58 £463 -3.65% 16
East Midlands -16 42 £425 -15.00% 39
Northern Ireland +6 8 £436 +2.65% 6

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 1,635 (52.66%) Agile Software Development
2 1,590 (51.21%) Java
3 1,089 (35.07%) AWS
4 981 (31.59%) Docker
5 888 (28.60%) Azure
6 873 (28.12%) DevOps
7 819 (26.38%) Spring
8 802 (25.83%) Kubernetes
9 791 (25.48%) TDD
10 730 (23.51%) JavaScript
11 601 (19.36%) C#
12 598 (19.26%) Spring Boot
13 583 (18.78%) .NET
14 578 (18.62%) Scrum
15 576 (18.55%) SQL
16 573 (18.45%) REST
17 563 (18.13%) Git (software)
18 560 (18.04%) Finance
19 527 (16.97%) AngularJS
20 520 (16.75%) Web Services
21 505 (16.26%) Jenkins
22 500 (16.10%) Python
23 483 (15.56%) Java 8
24 459 (14.78%) React
25 456 (14.69%) Node.js
26 449 (14.46%) RESTful
27 423 (13.62%) BDD
28 420 (13.53%) Continuous Integration
29 418 (13.46%) Test Automation
30 409 (13.17%) Software Engineering

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
2 155 (4.99%) Confluence
3 75 (2.42%) Apache Spark
4 52 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
5 48 (1.55%) Apache
6 45 (1.45%) Tomcat
7 42 (1.35%) nginx
7 42 (1.35%) WebLogic
8 37 (1.19%) CMS
9 18 (0.58%) IIS
10 16 (0.52%) JBoss
11 14 (0.45%) SharePoint
12 13 (0.42%) OpenStack
13 12 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 12 (0.39%) WebSphere
14 9 (0.29%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.16%) NServiceBus
15 5 (0.16%) SAS
15 5 (0.16%) WordPress
16 4 (0.13%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 10 (0.32%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.097%) Sketch
4 2 (0.064%) GIMP
5 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.032%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 35 (1.13%) FINCAD Analytics
2 11 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 10 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 5 (0.16%) Magento
7 4 (0.13%) thinkFolio
8 3 (0.097%) Eikon
8 3 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.097%) SAP FI-CA
8 3 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.097%) SAP PSCD
9 2 (0.064%) Oracle ERP
9 2 (0.064%) R3 Corda
10 1 (0.032%) Adobe Campaign
10 1 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.032%) Oracle Payables
10 1 (0.032%) Oracle Receivables
10 1 (0.032%) ResourceLink
10 1 (0.032%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,089 (35.07%) AWS
2 888 (28.60%) Azure
3 303 (9.76%) GCP
4 237 (7.63%) Serverless
5 157 (5.06%) GitHub
6 133 (4.28%) SaaS
7 129 (4.15%) OpenShift
8 124 (3.99%) AWS Lambda
9 121 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
10 98 (3.16%) PaaS
11 77 (2.48%) Amazon S3
12 64 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
13 62 (2.00%) IaaS
14 61 (1.96%) AWS CloudFormation
15 40 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
15 40 (1.29%) Amazon EKS
16 36 (1.16%) AWS Step Functions
17 31 (1.00%) Apigee
17 31 (1.00%) npm
18 30 (0.97%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 121 (3.90%) HTTP
2 59 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 57 (1.84%) SSL
4 30 (0.97%) DNS
5 29 (0.93%) VPN
6 23 (0.74%) Firewall
6 23 (0.74%) Internet
7 18 (0.58%) DHCP
8 12 (0.39%) FTP
9 11 (0.35%) HTTPS
10 9 (0.29%) Kerberos
11 8 (0.26%) AMQP
12 7 (0.23%) LAN
12 7 (0.23%) SSH
13 6 (0.19%) MQTT
13 6 (0.19%) WAN
14 5 (0.16%) 4G
15 4 (0.13%) Intranet
16 3 (0.097%) BIG-IP
16 3 (0.097%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 325 (10.47%) NoSQL
2 302 (9.73%) MongoDB
3 293 (9.44%) SQL Server
4 277 (8.92%) MySQL
5 231 (7.44%) PostgreSQL
6 182 (5.86%) Relational Database
7 128 (4.12%) Big Data
8 126 (4.06%) Redis
9 102 (3.29%) Amazon RDS
10 83 (2.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 81 (2.61%) Apache Cassandra
12 68 (2.19%) RDBMS
13 64 (2.06%) Amazon Athena
14 61 (1.96%) Hadoop
15 54 (1.74%) Amazon Aurora
16 49 (1.58%) DB2
17 44 (1.42%) HBase
18 43 (1.38%) Neo4j
19 41 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
20 38 (1.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 563 (18.13%) Git (software)
2 505 (16.26%) Jenkins
3 271 (8.73%) JIRA
4 258 (8.31%) Maven
5 245 (7.89%) JUnit
6 139 (4.48%) Mockito
7 138 (4.44%) Gradle
8 135 (4.35%) Cucumber
9 134 (4.32%) Selenium
10 113 (3.64%) GitLab
11 109 (3.51%) SonarQube
12 98 (3.16%) TeamCity
13 83 (2.67%) Bitbucket
13 83 (2.67%) Octopus Deploy
14 60 (1.93%) Artifactory
15 52 (1.67%) Gatling
16 49 (1.58%) JMeter
17 47 (1.51%) Sonatype Nexus
18 46 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 43 (1.38%) Subversion
General
1 560 (18.04%) Finance
2 260 (8.37%) Public Sector
3 255 (8.21%) Banking
4 171 (5.51%) Front Office
5 74 (2.38%) Retail
6 54 (1.74%) Marketing
7 44 (1.42%) Telecoms
8 41 (1.32%) Investment Banking
9 31 (1.00%) Games
10 25 (0.81%) Back Office
11 22 (0.71%) Manufacturing
12 18 (0.58%) Law
12 18 (0.58%) Publishing
13 14 (0.45%) Electronics
14 13 (0.42%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
15 11 (0.35%) Advertising
15 11 (0.35%) Automotive
15 11 (0.35%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.26%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,829 (58.90%) Developer
2 867 (27.92%) Java Developer
3 295 (9.50%) Architect
4 286 (9.21%) Senior Developer
5 238 (7.67%) .NET Developer
6 222 (7.15%) DevOps Engineer
7 197 (6.34%) AWS Developer
8 181 (5.83%) Full Stack Developer
9 169 (5.44%) Software Engineer
10 166 (5.35%) C# Developer
11 142 (4.57%) Senior Java Developer
12 125 (4.03%) AWS Engineer
13 121 (3.90%) React Developer
14 111 (3.57%) Python Developer
15 105 (3.38%) Java Engineer
16 102 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
17 101 (3.25%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 80 (2.58%) Backend Developer
19 70 (2.25%) Angular Developer
19 70 (2.25%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 819 (26.38%) Spring
2 598 (19.26%) Spring Boot
3 583 (18.78%) .NET
4 573 (18.45%) REST
5 527 (16.97%) AngularJS
6 520 (16.75%) Web Services
7 459 (14.78%) React
8 456 (14.69%) Node.js
9 449 (14.46%) RESTful
10 329 (10.60%) HTML
11 318 (10.24%) CSS
12 286 (9.21%) Kafka
13 261 (8.41%) .NET Core
14 216 (6.96%) SOAP
15 184 (5.93%) JSON
16 145 (4.67%) Hibernate
17 135 (4.35%) ASP.NET
18 133 (4.28%) J2EE
19 126 (4.06%) HTML5
19 126 (4.06%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 245 (7.89%) Greenfield Project
2 125 (4.03%) Cloud Native
3 102 (3.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 98 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
5 95 (3.06%) Public Cloud
6 93 (3.00%) Fixed Income
7 90 (2.90%) Analytical Skills
8 89 (2.87%) User Experience
9 80 (2.58%) Derivative
10 63 (2.03%) Hedge funds
10 63 (2.03%) Mobile App
11 51 (1.64%) Algorithms
12 48 (1.55%) Equity Derivative
13 45 (1.45%) Equities
14 40 (1.29%) Virtual Team
15 35 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
16 34 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
17 33 (1.06%) Data Centre
18 24 (0.77%) Data Structures
18 24 (0.77%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 360 (11.59%) Linux
2 143 (4.61%) Unix
3 84 (2.71%) Windows
4 49 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 45 (1.45%) Android
6 42 (1.35%) CentOS
7 34 (1.10%) Apple iOS
8 26 (0.84%) Mac OS X
9 23 (0.74%) Ubuntu
10 21 (0.68%) CoreOS
11 12 (0.39%) Windows Server
12 11 (0.35%) Solaris
13 7 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
14 6 (0.19%) Debian
15 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
16 3 (0.097%) Windows 10
17 2 (0.064%) Mac OS
17 2 (0.064%) SUSE
17 2 (0.064%) Windows Server 2012
18 1 (0.032%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,635 (52.66%) Agile Software Development
2 873 (28.12%) DevOps
3 791 (25.48%) TDD
4 578 (18.62%) Scrum
5 423 (13.62%) BDD
6 420 (13.53%) Continuous Integration
7 418 (13.46%) Test Automation
8 409 (13.17%) Software Engineering
9 268 (8.63%) Open Source
10 261 (8.41%) Kanban
11 247 (7.95%) Pair Programming
12 199 (6.41%) Migration
13 175 (5.64%) Continuous Delivery
14 172 (5.54%) Mentoring
14 172 (5.54%) OO
15 170 (5.48%) Analytics
16 167 (5.38%) MVC
17 165 (5.31%) SOA
18 160 (5.15%) Front End Development
19 145 (4.67%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,590 (51.21%) Java
2 730 (23.51%) JavaScript
3 601 (19.36%) C#
4 576 (18.55%) SQL
5 500 (16.10%) Python
6 483 (15.56%) Java 8
7 194 (6.25%) TypeScript
8 155 (4.99%) Scala
9 111 (3.57%) Go
10 110 (3.54%) Bash Shell
11 94 (3.03%) Kotlin
12 80 (2.58%) Ruby
13 78 (2.51%) PowerShell
14 72 (2.32%) ES6
15 70 (2.25%) R
16 59 (1.90%) Groovy
17 54 (1.74%) C++
18 48 (1.55%) Shell Script
19 43 (1.38%) PHP
20 42 (1.35%) F#
Qualifications
1 292 (9.40%) Security Cleared
2 210 (6.76%) SC Cleared
3 111 (3.57%) Degree
4 56 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 46 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
6 30 (0.97%) DV Cleared
7 28 (0.90%) ISTQB
8 23 (0.74%) ISEB
9 22 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 20 (0.64%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.42%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.23%) OCP
12 7 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
13 6 (0.19%) PhD
14 5 (0.16%) AWS Certification
14 5 (0.16%) SANS
14 5 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
15 4 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 4 (0.13%) OCPJP
16 3 (0.097%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (3.12%) QA
2 24 (0.77%) WCAG
3 22 (0.71%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 8 (0.26%) SLA
6 5 (0.16%) GDPR
6 5 (0.16%) MiFID
6 5 (0.16%) PSD2
7 4 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.097%) NIST
8 3 (0.097%) PMO
9 2 (0.064%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.064%) SEPA
10 1 (0.032%) COBIT
10 1 (0.032%) EMIR
10 1 (0.032%) HL7
10 1 (0.032%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 981 (31.59%) Docker
2 38 (1.22%) Postfix
3 29 (0.93%) Active Directory
4 21 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (0.64%) HDFS
6 17 (0.55%) vSphere
7 14 (0.45%) LXC
8 13 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
9 10 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
10 9 (0.29%) NFS
11 5 (0.16%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.13%) Gluster
12 4 (0.13%) GlusterFS
13 3 (0.097%) Xen
14 2 (0.064%) Apache Flume
14 2 (0.064%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 2 (0.064%) BusyBox
14 2 (0.064%) Varnish
15 1 (0.032%) GFS2
15 1 (0.032%) zsh
Systems Management
1 802 (25.83%) Kubernetes
2 332 (10.69%) Terraform
3 238 (7.67%) Ansible
4 100 (3.22%) Puppet
5 68 (2.19%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (1.84%) Grafana
7 49 (1.58%) Prometheus
8 37 (1.19%) Kibana
9 27 (0.87%) Packer
10 20 (0.64%) Consul
11 18 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
12 17 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
14 11 (0.35%) Mesos
14 11 (0.35%) Nagios
14 11 (0.35%) Oracle RMAN
15 10 (0.32%) Data Guard
15 10 (0.32%) Rancher
16 8 (0.26%) Oozie
17 6 (0.19%) Istio
Vendors
1 227 (7.31%) Microsoft
2 216 (6.96%) Google
3 175 (5.64%) Oracle
4 52 (1.67%) Red Hat
5 47 (1.51%) IBM
6 32 (1.03%) Splunk
6 32 (1.03%) Sybase
7 27 (0.87%) SAP
8 26 (0.84%) VMware
9 25 (0.81%) MuleSoft
10 22 (0.71%) Tableau
11 20 (0.64%) Atlassian
12 19 (0.61%) Databricks
13 18 (0.58%) Cloudera
14 17 (0.55%) Hortonworks
15 16 (0.52%) Salesforce.com
15 16 (0.52%) Veracode
16 15 (0.48%) Confluent
17 14 (0.45%) AppDynamics
18 13 (0.42%) BEA