Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 70 166
Rank change year-on-year +31 +96 +265
Contract jobs citing Microservices 5,860 3,341 1,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.60% 3.24% 1.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.45% 3.77% 1.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,342 2,544 1,233
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £400 £377 £363
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 2
UK median hourly rate £38.75 £45.00 £51.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.89% -12.20% -
10th Percentile £33.25 £36.50 £46.88
90th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £56.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% -5.26% -

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 90,884 88,673 87,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.82% 85.91% 85.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,160 59,203 57,616
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.16%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £603
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,333 2,075 2,461
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +5.10% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.21
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -14.00% +11.11% -

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Microservices.

Contractor daily rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 5,484 £525 +2.44% 1,227
London +32 3,382 £550 +4.76% 667
UK excluding London +42 2,405 £475 - 636
South East +11 628 £488 +0.52% 167
North of England +31 598 £450 -2.17% 185
Midlands +80 442 £468 -6.50% 92
West Midlands +105 333 £468 -6.50% 54
Yorkshire +5 289 £450 -5.26% 72
South West +51 259 £500 +16.28% 56
Scotland +53 230 £450 +12.50% 46
North West +36 211 £450 -10.00% 82
East of England +34 173 £513 +2.50% 60
East Midlands +26 108 £473 -5.50% 38
North East +34 103 £480 -4.00% 31
Wales +12 71 £450 - 18
Northern Ireland +12 6 £471 +19.30% 13
Channel Islands -4 3 - -

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 3,544 (60.48%) Agile Software Development
2 3,400 (58.02%) Java
3 2,023 (34.52%) TDD
4 1,870 (31.91%) Docker
5 1,749 (29.85%) Spring
6 1,692 (28.87%) Amazon AWS
7 1,673 (28.55%) DevOps
8 1,596 (27.24%) JavaScript
9 1,418 (24.20%) Java 8
10 1,338 (22.83%) Spring Boot
10 1,338 (22.83%) REST
11 1,313 (22.41%) Git (software)
12 1,299 (22.17%) Jenkins
13 1,084 (18.50%) RESTful
14 1,055 (18.00%) BDD
15 1,053 (17.97%) Test Automation
16 1,040 (17.75%) Continuous Integration
17 1,028 (17.54%) Microsoft Azure
18 1,008 (17.20%) Kubernetes
19 994 (16.96%) Node.js
20 965 (16.47%) .NET
21 961 (16.40%) Scrum
22 958 (16.35%) AngularJS
23 956 (16.31%) SQL
24 936 (15.97%) Web Services
25 924 (15.77%) Finance
26 886 (15.12%) C#
27 827 (14.11%) React
28 814 (13.89%) MongoDB
29 792 (13.52%) NoSQL

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 445 (7.59%) Confluence
2 354 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
3 141 (2.41%) Apache
4 122 (2.08%) Apache Spark
5 111 (1.89%) Tomcat
6 92 (1.57%) WebLogic
7 90 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
8 88 (1.50%) nginx
9 79 (1.35%) CMS
10 78 (1.33%) WebSphere
11 73 (1.25%) WildFly
12 72 (1.23%) Apache Solr
13 68 (1.16%) JBoss
14 66 (1.13%) MQSeries
15 53 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 49 (0.84%) Mule
17 42 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 42 (0.72%) NServiceBus
18 32 (0.55%) OpenStack
19 26 (0.44%) SharePoint
Applications
1 14 (0.24%) MS Visio
2 9 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.085%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.068%) InVision
5 3 (0.051%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.034%) GIMP
6 2 (0.034%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.017%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.017%) HipChat
7 1 (0.017%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.017%) OmniGraffle
7 1 (0.017%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 16 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.10%) SAP FI-CA
3 6 (0.10%) SAP PSCD
4 5 (0.085%) Eloqua
5 4 (0.068%) Fredhopper
6 3 (0.051%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.051%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.034%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.034%) SDL Web 8
8 1 (0.017%) Endur
8 1 (0.017%) Exstream
8 1 (0.017%) Magento
8 1 (0.017%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.017%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,692 (28.87%) Amazon AWS
2 1,028 (17.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 252 (4.30%) Google Cloud Platform
4 229 (3.91%) Serverless
5 228 (3.89%) GitHub
6 182 (3.11%) PaaS
7 153 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
8 139 (2.37%) SaaS
9 135 (2.30%) AWS Lambda
10 107 (1.83%) Slack
11 96 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
12 94 (1.60%) Amazon S3
13 81 (1.38%) IaaS
14 79 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
15 78 (1.33%) npm
16 77 (1.31%) Google Analytics
17 73 (1.25%) OpenShift
18 60 (1.02%) Apigee
19 56 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
20 55 (0.94%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 286 (4.88%) HTTP
2 135 (2.30%) TCP/IP
3 133 (2.27%) SSL
4 79 (1.35%) DNS
5 62 (1.06%) FTP
6 55 (0.94%) Firewall
7 53 (0.90%) AMQP
8 34 (0.58%) VPN
9 30 (0.51%) Internet
10 29 (0.49%) IPsec
11 24 (0.41%) DHCP
12 17 (0.29%) SSH
13 14 (0.24%) Skype
14 13 (0.22%) Kerberos
15 11 (0.19%) VLAN
16 8 (0.14%) SMTP
17 7 (0.12%) Ethernet
18 6 (0.10%) SMS
18 6 (0.10%) VoIP
19 5 (0.085%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 814 (13.89%) MongoDB
2 792 (13.52%) NoSQL
3 457 (7.80%) SQL Server
4 425 (7.25%) MySQL
5 420 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
6 395 (6.74%) Apache Cassandra
7 389 (6.64%) Relational Database
8 229 (3.91%) Hadoop
9 217 (3.70%) Redis
10 212 (3.62%) Big Data
11 209 (3.57%) RDBMS
12 119 (2.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 96 (1.64%) Azure SQL Database
14 83 (1.42%) Couchbase
15 77 (1.31%) Cosmos DB
16 73 (1.25%) HBase
17 59 (1.01%) Oracle Database
18 57 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
19 37 (0.63%) Data Lake
19 37 (0.63%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,313 (22.41%) Git (software)
2 1,299 (22.17%) Jenkins
3 733 (12.51%) Maven
4 628 (10.72%) JIRA
5 425 (7.25%) Selenium
6 401 (6.84%) JUnit
7 387 (6.60%) Cucumber
8 256 (4.37%) SonarQube
9 214 (3.65%) Gradle
10 199 (3.40%) IntelliJ
11 157 (2.68%) Mockito
12 143 (2.44%) Bitbucket
13 139 (2.37%) gulp
14 137 (2.34%) GitLab
14 137 (2.34%) TeamCity
15 131 (2.24%) Visual Studio Team System
16 125 (2.13%) Gatling
17 124 (2.12%) Vagrant
18 123 (2.10%) Subversion
19 118 (2.01%) JMeter
General
1 924 (15.77%) Finance
2 628 (10.72%) Banking
3 219 (3.74%) Retail
4 137 (2.34%) Front Office
5 109 (1.86%) Games
6 76 (1.30%) Marketing
7 69 (1.18%) Law
8 59 (1.01%) Telecoms
9 47 (0.80%) Investment Banking
10 43 (0.73%) Back Office
11 38 (0.65%) Advertising
12 36 (0.61%) Publishing
13 34 (0.58%) Manufacturing
14 25 (0.43%) Financial Institution
15 24 (0.41%) Legal
16 20 (0.34%) Retail Banking
17 15 (0.26%) Electronics
18 11 (0.19%) Billing
19 9 (0.15%) Automotive
20 7 (0.12%) French Language
Job Titles
1 3,645 (62.20%) Developer
2 1,884 (32.15%) Java Developer
3 743 (12.68%) Architect
4 586 (10.00%) Senior Developer
5 446 (7.61%) .NET Developer
6 369 (6.30%) DevOps Engineer
7 328 (5.60%) Full Stack Developer
8 325 (5.55%) Senior Java Developer
9 282 (4.81%) React Developer
10 280 (4.78%) AWS Developer
11 255 (4.35%) C# Developer
12 241 (4.11%) Software Engineer
13 234 (3.99%) Solutions Architect
14 188 (3.21%) Lead Developer
15 186 (3.17%) JavaScript Developer
16 180 (3.07%) Java Engineer
17 178 (3.04%) Technical Architect
18 169 (2.88%) Node.js Developer
19 168 (2.87%) AWS Engineer
20 160 (2.73%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,749 (29.85%) Spring
2 1,338 (22.83%) REST
2 1,338 (22.83%) Spring Boot
3 1,084 (18.50%) RESTful
4 994 (16.96%) Node.js
5 965 (16.47%) .NET
6 958 (16.35%) AngularJS
7 936 (15.97%) Web Services
8 827 (14.11%) React
9 770 (13.14%) HTML
10 735 (12.54%) CSS
11 660 (11.26%) Hibernate
12 544 (9.28%) Kafka
13 459 (7.83%) JSON
14 454 (7.75%) HTML5
15 346 (5.90%) .NET Core
16 342 (5.84%) ASP.NET
17 340 (5.80%) SOAP
18 320 (5.46%) ASP.NET Web API
19 288 (4.91%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 686 (11.71%) Greenfield Project
2 307 (5.24%) Fintech
3 229 (3.91%) User Experience
4 159 (2.71%) Mobile App
5 141 (2.41%) Analytical Skills
6 122 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
7 114 (1.95%) Cloud Native
8 88 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 85 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
10 80 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
11 78 (1.33%) Algorithms
12 73 (1.25%) Public Cloud
13 65 (1.11%) Data Structures
14 63 (1.08%) Derivative
15 52 (0.89%) Data Centre
15 52 (0.89%) iPad
16 48 (0.82%) Fixed Income
17 45 (0.77%) Management Information System
18 35 (0.60%) Equities
19 33 (0.56%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 664 (11.33%) Linux
2 292 (4.98%) Unix
3 197 (3.36%) Windows
4 103 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 92 (1.57%) Apple iOS
6 91 (1.55%) VMS
7 90 (1.54%) Android
8 71 (1.21%) CentOS
9 57 (0.97%) Ubuntu
10 26 (0.44%) Windows Server
11 14 (0.24%) Solaris
12 13 (0.22%) Mac OS
13 10 (0.17%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.14%) AIX
15 7 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.085%) Amazon Linux
16 5 (0.085%) Windows 10
17 4 (0.068%) Mesosphere
17 4 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
18 3 (0.051%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,544 (60.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,023 (34.52%) TDD
3 1,673 (28.55%) DevOps
4 1,055 (18.00%) BDD
5 1,053 (17.97%) Test Automation
6 1,040 (17.75%) Continuous Integration
7 961 (16.40%) Scrum
8 648 (11.06%) Software Engineering
9 531 (9.06%) OO
10 513 (8.75%) MVC
11 511 (8.72%) SOA
12 493 (8.41%) Open Source
13 436 (7.44%) E-Commerce
14 420 (7.17%) Continuous Delivery
15 403 (6.88%) Kanban
16 346 (5.90%) Pair Programming
17 315 (5.38%) Mentoring
18 292 (4.98%) Domain-Driven Design
19 280 (4.78%) Problem-Solving
20 279 (4.76%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,400 (58.02%) Java
2 1,596 (27.24%) JavaScript
3 1,418 (24.20%) Java 8
4 956 (16.31%) SQL
5 886 (15.12%) C#
6 745 (12.71%) Python
7 410 (7.00%) Scala
8 202 (3.45%) Go
9 187 (3.19%) Ruby
10 180 (3.07%) TypeScript
11 170 (2.90%) Groovy
12 136 (2.32%) ES6
13 134 (2.29%) PL/SQL
14 132 (2.25%) Bash Shell
15 130 (2.22%) PHP
16 111 (1.89%) Perl
17 102 (1.74%) PowerShell
18 91 (1.55%) C++
19 84 (1.43%) Java 9
20 83 (1.42%) C
Qualifications
1 302 (5.15%) Security Cleared
2 249 (4.25%) SC Cleared
3 169 (2.88%) Degree
4 81 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
6 39 (0.67%) AWS Certification
7 29 (0.49%) ISTQB
8 27 (0.46%) ISEB
9 20 (0.34%) Master's Degree
10 18 (0.31%) DV Cleared
11 17 (0.29%) Sun Certification
12 13 (0.22%) CISSP
13 10 (0.17%) CISM
13 10 (0.17%) CITP
13 10 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 8 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 8 (0.14%) RHCE
15 6 (0.10%) BC Cleared
15 6 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (4.33%) QA
2 31 (0.53%) WCAG
3 18 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
3 18 (0.31%) PSD2
4 16 (0.27%) GDPR
5 13 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.19%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.10%) SLA
8 5 (0.085%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.051%) PMO
10 2 (0.034%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 2 (0.034%) MiFID
11 1 (0.017%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.017%) ISO 13485
11 1 (0.017%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.017%) SEPA
11 1 (0.017%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,870 (31.91%) Docker
2 51 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
3 25 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 22 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (0.32%) HDFS
6 14 (0.24%) Xen
7 11 (0.19%) NFS
8 10 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.068%) Firmware
9 4 (0.068%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.051%) KVM
10 3 (0.051%) Varnish
10 3 (0.051%) vSphere
11 2 (0.034%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 2 (0.034%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.034%) etcd
11 2 (0.034%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.034%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.017%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,008 (17.20%) Kubernetes
2 520 (8.87%) Terraform
3 464 (7.92%) Ansible
4 378 (6.45%) Puppet
5 190 (3.24%) Opscode Chef
6 144 (2.46%) Grafana
7 141 (2.41%) Kibana
8 106 (1.81%) Prometheus
9 65 (1.11%) Mesos
9 65 (1.11%) Packer
10 64 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
11 60 (1.02%) logstash
12 53 (0.90%) Rancher
13 32 (0.55%) Salt
14 31 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
15 27 (0.46%) Consul
16 24 (0.41%) Nessus
17 23 (0.39%) Marathon
18 21 (0.36%) Graphite
19 16 (0.27%) Nagios
Vendors
1 399 (6.81%) Oracle
2 346 (5.90%) Google
3 297 (5.07%) Microsoft
4 115 (1.96%) Splunk
5 112 (1.91%) IBM
6 101 (1.72%) Atlassian
7 82 (1.40%) Adobe
8 57 (0.97%) AppDynamics
8 57 (0.97%) WSO2
9 56 (0.96%) webMethods
10 55 (0.94%) MuleSoft
11 43 (0.73%) Black Duck
12 38 (0.65%) SAP
13 30 (0.51%) hybris
13 30 (0.51%) New Relic
13 30 (0.51%) Pega
13 30 (0.51%) VMware
14 29 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
15 26 (0.44%) Red Hat
16 21 (0.36%) Dell