Period
to 29 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 29 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 29 27 39
Rank change year-on-year -2 +12 +2
Contract jobs citing Microservices 5,551 2,208 4,343
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.27% 6.12% 5.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.05% 7.06% 6.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,003 1,633 3,175
10th Percentile £424 £390 £406
25th Percentile £481 £444 £462
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £600
90th Percentile £738 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 3 4
10th Percentile £48.00 £27.78 £51.08
25th Percentile £52.50 £29.31 £51.19
Median hourly rate £65.50 £33.75 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +94.07% -35.71% +23.53%
75th Percentile £76.75 £38.81 £55.31
90th Percentile £83.00 £40.73 £58.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.00 £31.13 £52.50
% change year-on-year +79.92% -40.71% +39.07%

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,778 31,284 70,943
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.02% 86.68% 86.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,260 21,254 47,446
10th Percentile £325 £300 £288
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £522 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.89% - +2.70%
75th Percentile £623 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £433 £435
% change year-on-year +6.94% -0.63% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,717 982 2,144
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.64 £11.86
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.51 £22.34
Median % change year-on-year -5.68% +18.67% +11.68%
75th Percentile £50.00 £46.75 £45.00
90th Percentile £64.39 £60.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £23.75 £21.00
% change year-on-year -15.79% +13.10% +5.00%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,452 £563 +7.14% 1,679
London -1 2,896 £600 +9.09% 872
Work from Home +5 1,737 £550 +9.45% 390
UK excluding London +8 1,411 £525 +10.53% 889
North of England +12 400 £550 +10.00% 288
South East +7 307 £550 +10.00% 187
North West +15 234 £548 +10.61% 188
Scotland +9 193 £478 +6.11% 67
South West +21 166 £493 +3.68% 78
Midlands -28 165 £500 +15.74% 151
Yorkshire +11 132 £550 +10.00% 64
East of England -13 129 £533 +12.11% 82
West Midlands -11 117 £473 +9.38% 86
Wales +4 46 £515 -6.36% 21
North East +2 45 £570 +14.00% 36
East Midlands -27 45 £520 +44.44% 65
Northern Ireland -15 7 £475 +10.21% 16
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 2,809 (50.60%) Agile Software Development
2 2,670 (48.10%) Java
3 1,919 (34.57%) AWS
4 1,842 (33.18%) DevOps
5 1,724 (31.06%) Docker
6 1,695 (30.54%) Kubernetes
7 1,595 (28.73%) Azure
8 1,359 (24.48%) Spring
9 1,185 (21.35%) TDD
10 1,183 (21.31%) Spring Boot
11 1,089 (19.62%) JavaScript
12 1,065 (19.19%) Jenkins
13 1,023 (18.43%) SQL
14 1,009 (18.18%) Software Engineering
15 964 (17.37%) Git (software)
16 962 (17.33%) Finance
17 937 (16.88%) Social Skills
18 874 (15.74%) .NET
19 848 (15.28%) Scrum
20 823 (14.83%) React
21 814 (14.66%) REST
22 812 (14.63%) Test Automation
23 791 (14.25%) C#
24 779 (14.03%) Python
25 761 (13.71%) Kafka
26 737 (13.28%) Terraform
27 709 (12.77%) Node.js
28 692 (12.47%) Full Stack Development
29 664 (11.96%) RESTful
30 660 (11.89%) BDD

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (5.03%) Confluence
2 163 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
3 139 (2.50%) Apache Spark
4 102 (1.84%) Apache
5 84 (1.51%) Tomcat
6 67 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
7 66 (1.19%) WebLogic
8 52 (0.94%) nginx
9 47 (0.85%) JBoss
10 44 (0.79%) WebSphere
11 37 (0.67%) Camunda
11 37 (0.67%) OpenStack
12 34 (0.61%) CMS
13 33 (0.59%) SharePoint
14 28 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
15 26 (0.47%) IIS
15 26 (0.47%) Mule
16 25 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
17 15 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 14 (0.25%) GemFire
Applications
1 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.090%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.072%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.054%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.054%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.036%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.018%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.018%) CPLEX
6 1 (0.018%) Figma
6 1 (0.018%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.018%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 28 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.11%) Magento
2 6 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.090%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.090%) SAP PSCD
3 5 (0.090%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.072%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.072%) Shopify
5 3 (0.054%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.054%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.036%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.036%) Misys Midas
6 2 (0.036%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.036%) SAP CS
6 2 (0.036%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.036%) SAP SD
7 1 (0.018%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.018%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,919 (34.57%) AWS
2 1,595 (28.73%) Azure
3 625 (11.26%) GCP
4 591 (10.65%) Serverless
5 344 (6.20%) PaaS
5 344 (6.20%) SaaS
6 313 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
7 293 (5.28%) GitHub
8 274 (4.94%) OpenShift
9 232 (4.18%) IaaS
10 159 (2.86%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 154 (2.77%) AWS CloudFormation
12 134 (2.41%) Azure Service Bus
13 128 (2.31%) Amazon S3
14 126 (2.27%) Amazon ECS
15 124 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
16 121 (2.18%) Amazon EKS
16 121 (2.18%) Apigee
17 108 (1.95%) Amazon SQS
17 108 (1.95%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 161 (2.90%) HTTP
2 78 (1.41%) Firewall
3 59 (1.06%) DNS
4 43 (0.77%) Internet
5 29 (0.52%) Network Security
6 26 (0.47%) TCP/IP
7 25 (0.45%) MQTT
7 25 (0.45%) VPN
8 24 (0.43%) HTTPS
9 23 (0.41%) AMQP
9 23 (0.41%) Wireless
10 19 (0.34%) WAN
11 18 (0.32%) DHCP
12 17 (0.31%) Intranet
13 16 (0.29%) SSL
14 13 (0.23%) Kerberos
14 13 (0.23%) MPLS
15 12 (0.22%) SD-WAN
16 11 (0.20%) FTP
16 11 (0.20%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 626 (11.28%) NoSQL
2 523 (9.42%) MongoDB
3 454 (8.18%) PostgreSQL
4 385 (6.94%) SQL Server
5 362 (6.52%) Relational Database
6 271 (4.88%) MySQL
7 182 (3.28%) Big Data
8 160 (2.88%) Redis
9 148 (2.67%) Apache Cassandra
10 137 (2.47%) RDBMS
11 130 (2.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 126 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
13 114 (2.05%) Hadoop
13 114 (2.05%) Oracle Database
14 103 (1.86%) Azure SQL Database
15 94 (1.69%) Data Lake
16 82 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
17 77 (1.39%) Power BI
18 72 (1.30%) DB2
19 44 (0.79%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,065 (19.19%) Jenkins
2 964 (17.37%) Git (software)
3 515 (9.28%) Maven
4 459 (8.27%) JIRA
5 349 (6.29%) GitLab
6 283 (5.10%) Cucumber
7 260 (4.68%) JUnit
8 194 (3.49%) Selenium
9 174 (3.13%) Mockito
10 154 (2.77%) Gradle
11 146 (2.63%) SonarQube
12 133 (2.40%) TeamCity
13 114 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
14 113 (2.04%) Bitbucket
15 94 (1.69%) Artifactory
16 92 (1.66%) Cypress.io
17 91 (1.64%) JMeter
18 89 (1.60%) Subversion
19 87 (1.57%) Postman
20 73 (1.32%) Gatling
General
1 962 (17.33%) Finance
2 937 (16.88%) Social Skills
3 570 (10.27%) Banking
4 373 (6.72%) Public Sector
5 240 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
6 189 (3.40%) Retail
7 119 (2.14%) Front Office
8 102 (1.84%) Investment Banking
9 96 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
10 92 (1.66%) Telecoms
11 90 (1.62%) Marketing
12 70 (1.26%) Legal
13 68 (1.23%) Games
14 60 (1.08%) Financial Institution
15 48 (0.86%) Manufacturing
16 46 (0.83%) Law
17 43 (0.77%) Influencing Skills
18 40 (0.72%) Retail Banking
19 37 (0.67%) Documentation Skills
20 35 (0.63%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,787 (50.21%) Developer
2 1,328 (23.92%) Java Developer
3 939 (16.92%) Architect
4 530 (9.55%) Senior Developer
5 443 (7.98%) Solutions Architect
6 344 (6.20%) .NET Developer
7 337 (6.07%) Software Engineer
8 326 (5.87%) DevOps Engineer
9 311 (5.60%) Full Stack Developer
10 297 (5.35%) Senior Java Developer
11 234 (4.22%) Java Engineer
12 188 (3.39%) C# Developer
13 169 (3.04%) AWS Engineer
14 153 (2.76%) Python Developer
15 129 (2.32%) React Developer
16 128 (2.31%) Azure Architect
17 121 (2.18%) Cloud Architect
18 116 (2.09%) Technical Architect
19 114 (2.05%) Senior Java Engineer
20 112 (2.02%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,359 (24.48%) Spring
2 1,183 (21.31%) Spring Boot
3 874 (15.74%) .NET
4 823 (14.83%) React
5 814 (14.66%) REST
6 761 (13.71%) Kafka
7 709 (12.77%) Node.js
8 664 (11.96%) RESTful
9 520 (9.37%) AngularJS
10 472 (8.50%) HTML
11 451 (8.12%) CSS
12 450 (8.11%) .NET Core
13 425 (7.66%) Web Services
14 323 (5.82%) JSON
15 271 (4.88%) GraphQL
16 234 (4.22%) .NET Framework
17 220 (3.96%) RabbitMQ
18 193 (3.48%) HTML5
19 192 (3.46%) ASP.NET
20 188 (3.39%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 391 (7.04%) Cloud Native
2 334 (6.02%) Greenfield Project
3 207 (3.73%) User Experience
4 204 (3.68%) Public Cloud
5 154 (2.77%) Data Protection Act
6 125 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
6 125 (2.25%) Legacy Systems
7 94 (1.69%) Hybrid Cloud
8 86 (1.55%) Data Structures
9 83 (1.50%) Management Information System
10 82 (1.48%) Mobile App
11 72 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
12 69 (1.24%) Data Centre
12 69 (1.24%) Legacy Applications
13 58 (1.04%) Hedge funds
14 55 (0.99%) Algorithms
14 55 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 52 (0.94%) Derivative
16 45 (0.81%) Fixed Income
17 44 (0.79%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 602 (10.84%) Linux
2 233 (4.20%) Unix
3 194 (3.49%) Windows
4 99 (1.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 43 (0.77%) Mac OS X
6 31 (0.56%) Apple iOS
7 30 (0.54%) Android
8 18 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 14 (0.25%) Debian
10 12 (0.22%) CentOS
10 12 (0.22%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.22%) VMS
11 9 (0.16%) AIX
12 6 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
13 4 (0.072%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.036%) Mesosphere
14 2 (0.036%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.018%) CoreOS
15 1 (0.018%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.018%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,809 (50.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,842 (33.18%) DevOps
3 1,185 (21.35%) TDD
4 1,009 (18.18%) Software Engineering
5 848 (15.28%) Scrum
6 812 (14.63%) Test Automation
7 692 (12.47%) Full Stack Development
8 660 (11.89%) BDD
9 555 (10.00%) Continuous Integration
10 451 (8.12%) SDLC
11 397 (7.15%) Event-Driven
12 378 (6.81%) Problem-Solving
13 360 (6.49%) Open Source
14 350 (6.31%) Infrastructure as Code
15 335 (6.03%) Analytics
16 305 (5.49%) Pair Programming
17 302 (5.44%) Unit Testing
18 301 (5.42%) Mentoring
19 289 (5.21%) Migration
20 284 (5.12%) OO
Programming Languages
1 2,670 (48.10%) Java
2 1,089 (19.62%) JavaScript
3 1,023 (18.43%) SQL
4 791 (14.25%) C#
5 779 (14.03%) Python
6 575 (10.36%) Java 8
7 446 (8.03%) TypeScript
8 362 (6.52%) Java 11
9 255 (4.59%) Scala
10 223 (4.02%) Go
11 153 (2.76%) C++
12 146 (2.63%) Bash Shell
13 131 (2.36%) PowerShell
14 116 (2.09%) Kotlin
15 108 (1.95%) PL/SQL
16 97 (1.75%) Ruby
17 95 (1.71%) Shell Script
18 82 (1.48%) Groovy
19 67 (1.21%) Perl
19 67 (1.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 505 (9.10%) Security Cleared
2 423 (7.62%) SC Cleared
3 192 (3.46%) Degree
4 70 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
5 67 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 60 (1.08%) DV Cleared
7 52 (0.94%) AWS Certification
8 37 (0.67%) Sun Certification
9 33 (0.59%) OCPJP
10 20 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
11 17 (0.31%) ISEB
12 16 (0.29%) Master's Degree
13 15 (0.27%) ISTQB
14 12 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 10 (0.18%) CISSP
16 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.14%) SANS
17 7 (0.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
18 5 (0.090%) CISM
18 5 (0.090%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 290 (5.22%) QA
2 97 (1.75%) Accessibility
3 85 (1.53%) GDPR
4 50 (0.90%) Data Quality
5 29 (0.52%) WCAG
6 28 (0.50%) PCI DSS
7 20 (0.36%) NIST
8 17 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 15 (0.27%) GRC
9 15 (0.27%) SLA
10 11 (0.20%) COBIT
11 10 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 20022
12 6 (0.11%) NCSC
13 5 (0.090%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.090%) FedRAMP
14 3 (0.054%) Basel II
14 3 (0.054%) HIPAA
15 2 (0.036%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 2 (0.036%) RMADS
System Software
1 1,724 (31.06%) Docker
2 101 (1.82%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
6 12 (0.22%) vSphere
7 9 (0.16%) HDFS
8 8 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.13%) OpenAM
10 5 (0.090%) Postfix
11 4 (0.072%) LXC
11 4 (0.072%) NFS
12 3 (0.054%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 2 (0.036%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.036%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.036%) KVM
13 2 (0.036%) Oracle RAC
14 1 (0.018%) EMC RecoverPoint
14 1 (0.018%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,695 (30.54%) Kubernetes
2 737 (13.28%) Terraform
3 414 (7.46%) Ansible
4 195 (3.51%) Grafana
5 161 (2.90%) Prometheus
6 99 (1.78%) Kibana
7 89 (1.60%) Puppet
8 71 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
9 63 (1.13%) Istio
10 48 (0.86%) logstash
11 35 (0.63%) Consul
12 27 (0.49%) Rancher
13 25 (0.45%) Nagios
14 22 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
15 19 (0.34%) Graphite
16 17 (0.31%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 17 (0.31%) Packer
16 17 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
17 14 (0.25%) MIIS
17 14 (0.25%) Netcool
Vendors
1 522 (9.40%) Oracle
2 391 (7.04%) Microsoft
3 292 (5.26%) Google
4 134 (2.41%) Splunk
5 120 (2.16%) MuleSoft
6 114 (2.05%) Red Hat
7 110 (1.98%) SAP
8 87 (1.57%) IBM
9 70 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
10 65 (1.17%) AppDynamics
10 65 (1.17%) Databricks
11 61 (1.10%) Informatica
12 57 (1.03%) VMware
13 56 (1.01%) WSO2
14 53 (0.95%) webMethods
15 47 (0.85%) Dynatrace
16 46 (0.83%) Atlassian
17 42 (0.76%) BEA
18 33 (0.59%) Sun
19 31 (0.56%) Cloudera