Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 28 37 37
Rank change year-on-year +9 0 +18
Contract jobs citing Microservices 3,190 3,080 5,557
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.08% 5.14% 5.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.00% 6.03% 6.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,382 2,295 4,169
10th Percentile £400 £409 £400
25th Percentile £445 £463 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -0.95% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £600 £613 £600
90th Percentile £675 £675 £669
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £489
% change year-on-year -5.00% +2.30% +6.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 8 7
10th Percentile £27.73 £57.70 £24.40
25th Percentile £40.00 £59.50 £32.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £62.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -27.42% +45.88% -
75th Percentile £56.50 £64.63 £55.63
90th Percentile £68.00 £69.50 £64.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £58.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -25.00% +36.47% -

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 45,542 51,061 84,412
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.77% 85.25% 87.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,188 33,980 56,992
10th Percentile £305 £281 £300
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £669 £651 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £445 £430
% change year-on-year -2.81% +3.49% +2.99%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,432 1,619 1,986
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.30 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.96 £15.75 £14.50
Median hourly rate £26.25 £21.50 £22.70
Median % change year-on-year +22.07% -5.29% +8.10%
75th Percentile £47.15 £45.88 £43.75
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.03 £22.40
% change year-on-year +14.86% -10.60% +12.00%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in the UK

Microservices
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 2,531 £525 -4.55% 1,476
London 0 1,700 £550 - 779
UK excluding London +14 927 £475 -5.00% 793
Work from Home +17 924 £513 - 384
Scotland +24 212 £425 -13.27% 57
South East +17 176 £475 -5.00% 196
North of England -4 170 £500 +1.01% 224
South West +44 149 £500 - 93
Midlands -2 98 £428 -4.89% 103
North West +7 90 £500 +3.09% 142
East of England +2 82 £523 +3.21% 74
East Midlands +29 49 £419 -3.74% 40
West Midlands -25 46 £433 -7.68% 63
North East +16 41 £475 -2.06% 32
Yorkshire -28 39 £510 +2.00% 50
Wales -15 21 £516 +8.63% 31
Northern Ireland +18 18 £431 - 16
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Microservices.

1 1,641 (51.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,558 (48.84%) Java
3 1,134 (35.55%) AWS
4 1,024 (32.10%) Azure
5 1,006 (31.54%) DevOps
6 944 (29.59%) Kubernetes
7 909 (28.50%) Docker
8 817 (25.61%) Spring
9 756 (23.70%) TDD
10 663 (20.78%) Finance
11 637 (19.97%) JavaScript
12 630 (19.75%) Python
13 620 (19.44%) Spring Boot
14 609 (19.09%) Jenkins
15 581 (18.21%) Git (software)
16 547 (17.15%) SQL
17 530 (16.61%) .NET
18 526 (16.49%) Software Engineering
18 526 (16.49%) REST
19 463 (14.51%) Scrum
20 446 (13.98%) C#
21 441 (13.82%) Node.js
22 434 (13.61%) Test Automation
23 432 (13.54%) BDD
24 421 (13.20%) Kafka
24 421 (13.20%) Java 8
25 406 (12.73%) React
26 395 (12.38%) Terraform
27 384 (12.04%) GCP
27 384 (12.04%) Continuous Integration

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (4.58%) Confluence
2 129 (4.04%) Apache
3 115 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
4 64 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
5 52 (1.63%) JBoss
6 49 (1.54%) Apache Spark
7 43 (1.35%) BizTalk Server
8 41 (1.29%) Red Hat Fuse
9 35 (1.10%) Apache Airflow
10 33 (1.03%) Tomcat
11 30 (0.94%) WebSphere
12 27 (0.85%) nginx
13 25 (0.78%) CMS
14 24 (0.75%) Camunda
14 24 (0.75%) Mule
15 21 (0.66%) OpenStack
16 18 (0.56%) WebLogic
17 17 (0.53%) Anypoint
18 16 (0.50%) SharePoint
19 14 (0.44%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 7 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
1 7 (0.22%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.13%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.094%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.063%) Adobe XD
4 2 (0.063%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.063%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.063%) Sketch
5 1 (0.031%) 3ds Max
5 1 (0.031%) Blender
5 1 (0.031%) Maya
5 1 (0.031%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
1 8 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.19%) thinkFolio
3 4 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.094%) Loan IQ
4 3 (0.094%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.094%) SAP FI-CA
4 3 (0.094%) SAP PSCD
4 3 (0.094%) Summit
5 2 (0.063%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.063%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 2 (0.063%) RMDS
5 2 (0.063%) SAP CAR
5 2 (0.063%) SAP HCM
5 2 (0.063%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.031%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.031%) Magento
6 1 (0.031%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.031%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,134 (35.55%) AWS
2 1,024 (32.10%) Azure
3 384 (12.04%) GCP
4 357 (11.19%) Serverless
5 214 (6.71%) AWS Lambda
6 201 (6.30%) PaaS
7 187 (5.86%) OpenShift
8 140 (4.39%) SaaS
9 137 (4.29%) GitHub
10 122 (3.82%) Amazon S3
11 112 (3.51%) AWS CloudFormation
12 96 (3.01%) IaaS
13 82 (2.57%) Amazon EKS
13 82 (2.57%) Logic Apps
14 69 (2.16%) Azure Functions
15 65 (2.04%) Apigee
16 60 (1.88%) Amazon SQS
17 59 (1.85%) Amazon ECS
18 58 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
19 56 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 54 (1.69%) Firewall
2 51 (1.60%) DNS
3 46 (1.44%) HTTP
4 29 (0.91%) SSL
5 24 (0.75%) Internet
6 18 (0.56%) TCP/IP
7 15 (0.47%) Unified Communications
8 14 (0.44%) VPN
8 14 (0.44%) Wireless
9 12 (0.38%) WAN
10 11 (0.34%) HTTPS
11 10 (0.31%) FTP
12 9 (0.28%) LAN
12 9 (0.28%) Network Security
13 8 (0.25%) Kerberos
14 7 (0.22%) VoIP
15 6 (0.19%) Skype
15 6 (0.19%) VLAN
16 5 (0.16%) 5G
16 5 (0.16%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 287 (9.00%) NoSQL
2 255 (7.99%) PostgreSQL
3 252 (7.90%) MongoDB
4 215 (6.74%) SQL Server
5 147 (4.61%) Relational Database
6 134 (4.20%) MySQL
7 131 (4.11%) Big Data
8 98 (3.07%) Azure SQL Database
9 76 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
10 70 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
11 64 (2.01%) Redis
12 59 (1.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 58 (1.82%) BigQuery
14 53 (1.66%) RDBMS
15 50 (1.57%) Hadoop
16 49 (1.54%) Cosmos DB
17 45 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
18 41 (1.29%) Amazon Aurora
19 37 (1.16%) Cloud Spanner
20 34 (1.07%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 609 (19.09%) Jenkins
2 581 (18.21%) Git (software)
3 271 (8.50%) Maven
4 264 (8.28%) JIRA
5 146 (4.58%) GitLab
6 142 (4.45%) Cucumber
7 119 (3.73%) JUnit
8 96 (3.01%) Selenium
9 88 (2.76%) Gradle
10 80 (2.51%) SonarQube
11 63 (1.97%) Sonatype Nexus
12 59 (1.85%) Artifactory
13 56 (1.76%) Mockito
14 53 (1.66%) Bitbucket
15 50 (1.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 50 (1.57%) Subversion
15 50 (1.57%) TeamCity
16 31 (0.97%) CircleCI
16 31 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
17 29 (0.91%) Cypress.io
General
1 663 (20.78%) Finance
2 380 (11.91%) Banking
3 224 (7.02%) Public Sector
4 96 (3.01%) Telecoms
5 93 (2.92%) Front Office
6 85 (2.66%) Retail
7 76 (2.38%) Marketing
8 63 (1.97%) Investment Banking
9 50 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 45 (1.41%) Electronics
11 36 (1.13%) Retail Banking
12 21 (0.66%) Back Office
13 18 (0.56%) Games
14 12 (0.38%) Law
15 10 (0.31%) Financial Institution
16 9 (0.28%) Publishing
17 8 (0.25%) Advertising
17 8 (0.25%) Automotive
17 8 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.19%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,671 (52.38%) Developer
2 781 (24.48%) Java Developer
3 522 (16.36%) Architect
4 286 (8.97%) Senior Developer
5 239 (7.49%) Solutions Architect
6 221 (6.93%) DevOps Engineer
7 198 (6.21%) Software Engineer
8 189 (5.92%) Full Stack Developer
9 186 (5.83%) .NET Developer
10 167 (5.24%) Senior Java Developer
11 127 (3.98%) AWS Developer
12 92 (2.88%) React Developer
13 91 (2.85%) Java Engineer
14 90 (2.82%) Azure Engineer
15 88 (2.76%) Scala Developer
16 81 (2.54%) Python Developer
17 80 (2.51%) Azure Developer
18 78 (2.45%) Technical Architect
19 72 (2.26%) AWS Engineer
19 72 (2.26%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 817 (25.61%) Spring
2 620 (19.44%) Spring Boot
3 530 (16.61%) .NET
4 526 (16.49%) REST
5 441 (13.82%) Node.js
6 421 (13.20%) Kafka
7 406 (12.73%) React
8 383 (12.01%) RESTful
9 337 (10.56%) Web Services
10 327 (10.25%) AngularJS
11 306 (9.59%) .NET Core
12 279 (8.75%) HTML
13 231 (7.24%) CSS
14 191 (5.99%) JSON
15 159 (4.98%) Hibernate
16 139 (4.36%) HTML5
17 136 (4.26%) SOAP
18 130 (4.08%) XML
19 104 (3.26%) GraphQL
20 102 (3.20%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 248 (7.77%) Cloud Native
2 218 (6.83%) Greenfield Project
3 125 (3.92%) Mobile App
4 102 (3.20%) Public Cloud
5 96 (3.01%) Enterprise Software
6 93 (2.92%) User Experience
7 91 (2.85%) Analytical Skills
8 59 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
9 51 (1.60%) Clustering
10 50 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
11 48 (1.50%) Derivative
12 45 (1.41%) Data Structures
13 44 (1.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 37 (1.16%) Equities
14 37 (1.16%) Fixed Income
15 36 (1.13%) Management Information System
16 28 (0.88%) Algorithms
17 26 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
17 26 (0.82%) Virtual Team
18 24 (0.75%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 337 (10.56%) Linux
2 131 (4.11%) Windows
3 127 (3.98%) Unix
4 32 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 31 (0.97%) Android
6 22 (0.69%) Apple iOS
7 19 (0.60%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.56%) Mac OS X
9 13 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 11 (0.34%) CentOS
11 8 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (0.16%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.16%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.13%) AIX
13 4 (0.13%) Solaris
13 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.094%) CoreOS
14 3 (0.094%) Debian
15 2 (0.063%) Alpine Linux
15 2 (0.063%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,641 (51.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1,006 (31.54%) DevOps
3 756 (23.70%) TDD
4 526 (16.49%) Software Engineering
5 463 (14.51%) Scrum
6 434 (13.61%) Test Automation
7 432 (13.54%) BDD
8 384 (12.04%) Continuous Integration
9 274 (8.59%) SDLC
10 240 (7.52%) Infrastructure as Code
11 220 (6.90%) SOA
12 215 (6.74%) Open Source
13 212 (6.65%) OO
14 200 (6.27%) Problem-Solving
14 200 (6.27%) Unit Testing
15 194 (6.08%) Continuous Delivery
16 171 (5.36%) Mentoring
17 165 (5.17%) Kanban
18 162 (5.08%) Digital Transformation Programme
19 153 (4.80%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,558 (48.84%) Java
2 637 (19.97%) JavaScript
3 630 (19.75%) Python
4 547 (17.15%) SQL
5 446 (13.98%) C#
6 421 (13.20%) Java 8
7 239 (7.49%) TypeScript
8 201 (6.30%) Scala
9 199 (6.24%) Go
10 112 (3.51%) Bash Shell
11 110 (3.45%) Kotlin
12 80 (2.51%) C++
13 79 (2.48%) PowerShell
14 75 (2.35%) PL/SQL
15 65 (2.04%) T-SQL
16 57 (1.79%) Shell Script
17 48 (1.50%) Perl
17 48 (1.50%) Ruby
18 41 (1.29%) ES6
19 39 (1.22%) PHP
Qualifications
1 328 (10.28%) Security Cleared
2 282 (8.84%) SC Cleared
3 117 (3.67%) Degree
4 66 (2.07%) DV Cleared
5 63 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (0.94%) AWS Certification
7 21 (0.66%) Master's Degree
8 20 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.53%) Novell Certification
10 11 (0.34%) ISEB
11 10 (0.31%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.31%) OCPJP
11 10 (0.31%) Sun Certification
12 9 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
14 6 (0.19%) SAFe Agilist
15 5 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
16 4 (0.13%) PMI Certification
16 4 (0.13%) SANS
16 4 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (4.48%) QA
2 24 (0.75%) GDPR
3 23 (0.72%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.41%) WCAG
5 11 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.34%) SLA
6 8 (0.25%) PMO
7 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.19%) MiFID
9 5 (0.16%) ISO 20022
9 5 (0.16%) NIST
10 4 (0.13%) COBIT
10 4 (0.13%) NCSC
11 3 (0.094%) EMIR
11 3 (0.094%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.094%) OASIS TOSCA
11 3 (0.094%) RMADS
11 3 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.063%) Basel III
System Software
1 909 (28.50%) Docker
2 64 (2.01%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
6 10 (0.31%) vSphere
7 6 (0.19%) LXC
8 5 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.16%) HDFS
9 4 (0.13%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.13%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
10 3 (0.094%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.094%) Gluster
10 3 (0.094%) GlusterFS
10 3 (0.094%) NFS
10 3 (0.094%) vCloud
10 3 (0.094%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.063%) KVM
11 2 (0.063%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 944 (29.59%) Kubernetes
2 395 (12.38%) Terraform
3 221 (6.93%) Ansible
4 137 (4.29%) Grafana
5 122 (3.82%) Prometheus
6 62 (1.94%) Opscode Chef
7 58 (1.82%) Kibana
8 54 (1.69%) Puppet
9 53 (1.66%) Istio
10 29 (0.91%) logstash
10 29 (0.91%) Rancher
11 26 (0.82%) Consul
12 25 (0.78%) Fluentd
13 16 (0.50%) Nagios
14 9 (0.28%) CloudHub
14 9 (0.28%) Salt
15 8 (0.25%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.22%) Knative
17 6 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.19%) vRealize
Vendors
1 231 (7.24%) Oracle
2 228 (7.15%) Google
3 208 (6.52%) Microsoft
4 134 (4.20%) MuleSoft
5 119 (3.73%) Splunk
6 82 (2.57%) SAP
7 59 (1.85%) AppDynamics
8 52 (1.63%) Atlassian
9 46 (1.44%) Red Hat
10 45 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
11 40 (1.25%) IBM
11 40 (1.25%) VMware
12 20 (0.63%) Dell
13 19 (0.60%) webMethods
14 18 (0.56%) ServiceNow
15 17 (0.53%) Confluent
15 17 (0.53%) Veracode
16 16 (0.50%) TIBCO
17 15 (0.47%) Dynatrace
18 13 (0.41%) WSO2