Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 115 124 128
Rank change year-on-year +9 +4 +19
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,186 1,002 1,851
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.11% 1.96% 2.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.42% 2.30% 2.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 774 537 1,131
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
25th Percentile £411 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £475 £445
% change year-on-year +1.05% +6.74% +14.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 24 51
10th Percentile £20.57 £26.35 £16.75
25th Percentile £33.47 £36.84 £21.42
Median hourly rate £43.16 £52.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -17.80% +23.53% -3.41%
75th Percentile £50.46 £63.00 £51.71
90th Percentile £58.75 £67.55 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.50 £57.50 £24.30
% change year-on-year -13.91% +136.63% -51.40%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 49,107 43,607 80,563
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.27% 85.36% 87.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,613 28,956 54,139
10th Percentile £311 £288 £300
25th Percentile £400 £380 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £494 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -2.22% +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,469 1,346 2,008
10th Percentile £12.24 £12.36 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.79 £16.00 £14.25
Median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £22.65
Median % change year-on-year +20.45% -2.87% +10.49%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £58.95 £55.00 £50.33
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.11 £22.40
% change year-on-year +14.37% -10.22% +16.41%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Daily rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Hourly rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 1,002 £544 +3.62% 1,044
London -10 648 £550 +2.33% 454
UK excluding London +42 370 £480 +1.05% 667
Work from Home -73 250 £500 +8.11% 291
South East +66 141 £475 - 221
Scotland -16 56 £450 +5.88% 49
South West +16 49 £647 +32.72% 65
Midlands +21 45 £425 +11.40% 99
North of England +12 39 £475 -5.00% 109
East of England +23 29 £500 +25.00% 94
North West +6 28 £450 -11.33% 50
West Midlands +15 27 £413 +2.74% 65
East Midlands +18 12 £419 +13.95% 34
Yorkshire +21 10 £575 +15.00% 40
Wales +12 6 £475 +15.15% 11
Northern Ireland +6 5 £413 +7.84% 18
North East +16 1 - - 19

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 860 (72.51%) Degree
2 495 (41.74%) Social Skills
3 477 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
4 476 (40.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 332 (27.99%) Python
6 294 (24.79%) Finance
7 292 (24.62%) Java
8 287 (24.20%) SQL
9 282 (23.78%) Azure
10 278 (23.44%) Problem-Solving
11 261 (22.01%) AWS
12 228 (19.22%) DevOps
12 228 (19.22%) Analytical Skills
13 193 (16.27%) Mathematics
14 192 (16.19%) Software Engineering
15 188 (15.85%) JavaScript
16 180 (15.18%) Microsoft
17 172 (14.50%) Analytics
18 155 (13.07%) Security Cleared
19 143 (12.06%) Data Science
20 140 (11.80%) Scrum
21 137 (11.55%) Git (software)
22 136 (11.47%) Windows
22 136 (11.47%) Linux
23 129 (10.88%) SC Cleared
24 128 (10.79%) Banking
25 125 (10.54%) Machine Learning
26 123 (10.37%) TDD
26 123 (10.37%) C#
27 116 (9.78%) Test Automation

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (7.34%) Apache Spark
2 33 (2.78%) SharePoint
3 31 (2.61%) Apache
3 31 (2.61%) Confluence
4 19 (1.60%) SAS
5 17 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
6 16 (1.35%) CMS
7 14 (1.18%) MS Exchange
8 12 (1.01%) Oracle Coherence
9 11 (0.93%) DNN
9 11 (0.93%) Exchange Server 2013
9 11 (0.93%) Skype for Business
10 10 (0.84%) OpenStack
11 9 (0.76%) Exchange Server 2010
11 9 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2003
12 8 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2007
12 8 (0.67%) Luigi
12 8 (0.67%) Red Hat Fuse
12 8 (0.67%) Tomcat
Applications
1 57 (4.81%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (2.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (1.77%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.25%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.17%) Houdini
8 2 (0.17%) Maya
8 2 (0.17%) ZBrush
9 1 (0.084%) Figma
9 1 (0.084%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.084%) Simulink
9 1 (0.084%) SPSS
9 1 (0.084%) Stata
9 1 (0.084%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 10 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.67%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 6 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.42%) ION MarketView
4 5 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.34%) SAP SD
6 3 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.17%) Eikon
7 2 (0.17%) Magento
7 2 (0.17%) Oracle AGIS
7 2 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.17%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.17%) SAP APO
7 2 (0.17%) SAP IS-U
7 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.17%) Workday HCM
8 1 (0.084%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 1 (0.084%) TrackWise
Cloud Services
1 282 (23.78%) Azure
2 261 (22.01%) AWS
3 103 (8.68%) GCP
4 56 (4.72%) Power Platform
5 53 (4.47%) Microsoft 365
6 42 (3.54%) GitHub
7 33 (2.78%) SaaS
8 27 (2.28%) Serverless
9 24 (2.02%) PaaS
10 21 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
10 21 (1.77%) IaaS
11 19 (1.60%) Amazon S3
12 18 (1.52%) Amazon EKS
13 16 (1.35%) Azure Active Directory
14 15 (1.26%) OpenShift
15 14 (1.18%) Heroku
15 14 (1.18%) PowerApps
16 13 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
16 13 (1.10%) Azure Functions
17 11 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.79%) Firewall
2 40 (3.37%) DNS
3 36 (3.04%) WAN
4 32 (2.70%) LAN
5 24 (2.02%) TCP/IP
6 23 (1.94%) VPN
7 22 (1.85%) VLAN
8 19 (1.60%) DHCP
8 19 (1.60%) Network Security
9 18 (1.52%) HTTP
10 17 (1.43%) SMTP
11 14 (1.18%) NetScaler
11 14 (1.18%) Wireless
12 13 (1.10%) Skype
13 12 (1.01%) Internet
13 12 (1.01%) SNMP
14 10 (0.84%) IPsec
14 10 (0.84%) POP3
15 9 (0.76%) Kerberos
15 9 (0.76%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (7.76%) Hadoop
2 84 (7.08%) SQL Server
3 70 (5.90%) Big Data
4 69 (5.82%) Relational Database
5 65 (5.48%) NoSQL
6 54 (4.55%) Data Mining
7 48 (4.05%) Data Warehouse
8 47 (3.96%) Power BI
9 40 (3.37%) Tableau
10 36 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
11 27 (2.28%) Data Lake
11 27 (2.28%) MySQL
12 24 (2.02%) Apache Hive
13 18 (1.52%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.43%) MongoDB
15 15 (1.26%) Amazon Redshift
16 14 (1.18%) BigQuery
16 14 (1.18%) DB2
17 13 (1.10%) HBase
18 12 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 137 (11.55%) Git (software)
2 101 (8.52%) Jenkins
3 81 (6.83%) JIRA
4 29 (2.45%) Maven
5 27 (2.28%) TeamCity
6 25 (2.11%) JUnit
6 25 (2.11%) Visual Studio
7 23 (1.94%) Selenium
8 22 (1.85%) GitLab
8 22 (1.85%) webpack
9 19 (1.60%) Cucumber
10 16 (1.35%) Jasmine
11 15 (1.26%) Mocha
12 14 (1.18%) Gradle
12 14 (1.18%) Postman
12 14 (1.18%) SonarQube
13 13 (1.10%) Bitbucket
13 13 (1.10%) Subversion
14 12 (1.01%) git-flow
15 9 (0.76%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 495 (41.74%) Social Skills
2 294 (24.79%) Finance
3 228 (19.22%) Analytical Skills
4 128 (10.79%) Banking
5 84 (7.08%) Public Sector
6 75 (6.32%) Front Office
7 65 (5.48%) Presentation Skills
8 59 (4.97%) Investment Banking
9 55 (4.64%) Marketing
10 41 (3.46%) Telecoms
11 28 (2.36%) Legal
12 26 (2.19%) Influencing Skills
13 25 (2.11%) Documentation Skills
13 25 (2.11%) Manufacturing
13 25 (2.11%) Retail
14 22 (1.85%) Electronics
15 20 (1.69%) Financial Institution
16 16 (1.35%) Organisational Skills
17 13 (1.10%) Publishing
18 12 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 377 (31.79%) Developer
2 98 (8.26%) Analyst
3 94 (7.93%) Architect
4 90 (7.59%) Java Developer
5 61 (5.14%) Senior Developer
6 56 (4.72%) Data Scientist
7 50 (4.22%) Consultant
7 50 (4.22%) Software Engineer
8 49 (4.13%) DevOps Engineer
9 48 (4.05%) Python Developer
10 43 (3.63%) Data Engineer
11 37 (3.12%) .NET Developer
12 35 (2.95%) C# Developer
13 31 (2.61%) Full Stack Developer
14 30 (2.53%) React Developer
15 26 (2.19%) Azure Engineer
16 25 (2.11%) Business Analyst
17 24 (2.02%) Scala Developer
18 23 (1.94%) Administrator
18 23 (1.94%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (9.70%) HTML
2 102 (8.60%) CSS
3 94 (7.93%) .NET
4 87 (7.34%) AngularJS
5 83 (7.00%) Web Services
6 82 (6.91%) React
7 71 (5.99%) Kafka
8 69 (5.82%) REST
9 52 (4.38%) Node.js
9 52 (4.38%) RESTful
10 43 (3.63%) Spring
11 40 (3.37%) Middleware
12 38 (3.20%) XML
13 34 (2.87%) GraphQL
14 31 (2.61%) Jest
14 31 (2.61%) NumPy
15 28 (2.36%) .NET Core
15 28 (2.36%) .NET Framework
15 28 (2.36%) Redux
16 27 (2.28%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 112 (9.44%) Algorithms
2 100 (8.43%) Data Structures
3 91 (7.67%) Management Information System
4 89 (7.50%) User Experience
5 51 (4.30%) Self-Motivation
6 37 (3.12%) Cloud Native
7 31 (2.61%) Mobile App
7 31 (2.61%) Social Media
8 28 (2.36%) Fixed Income
8 28 (2.36%) Hedge funds
9 27 (2.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 25 (2.11%) Equities
11 22 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
11 22 (1.85%) Virtual Team
12 21 (1.77%) Greenfield Project
13 17 (1.43%) Analytical Mindset
14 16 (1.35%) Derivative
15 15 (1.26%) Data Centre
16 14 (1.18%) PMI
17 13 (1.10%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 136 (11.47%) Linux
1 136 (11.47%) Windows
2 50 (4.22%) Unix
3 47 (3.96%) Windows Server
4 41 (3.46%) Android
5 20 (1.69%) Windows Server 2012
6 19 (1.60%) Apple iOS
7 16 (1.35%) Windows 10
8 13 (1.10%) Windows Server 2008
8 13 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
9 12 (1.01%) Windows Server 2003
10 11 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.34%) CentOS
12 4 (0.34%) Solaris
13 2 (0.17%) SUSE
13 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.17%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.17%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 477 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
2 278 (23.44%) Problem-Solving
3 228 (19.22%) DevOps
4 193 (16.27%) Mathematics
5 192 (16.19%) Software Engineering
6 172 (14.50%) Analytics
7 143 (12.06%) Data Science
8 140 (11.80%) Scrum
9 125 (10.54%) Machine Learning
10 123 (10.37%) TDD
11 116 (9.78%) Test Automation
12 111 (9.36%) Continuous Integration
13 109 (9.19%) Microservices
14 106 (8.94%) OO
15 105 (8.85%) Visualisation
16 102 (8.60%) Business Intelligence
17 101 (8.52%) Open Source
18 93 (7.84%) Statistics
19 90 (7.59%) Project Management
20 80 (6.75%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 332 (27.99%) Python
2 292 (24.62%) Java
3 287 (24.20%) SQL
4 188 (15.85%) JavaScript
5 123 (10.37%) C#
6 110 (9.27%) C++
7 79 (6.66%) PowerShell
8 78 (6.58%) Scala
9 66 (5.56%) R
10 48 (4.05%) TypeScript
11 45 (3.79%) Bash Shell
12 39 (3.29%) Perl
13 31 (2.61%) ES6
14 29 (2.45%) C
14 29 (2.45%) Java 8
15 26 (2.19%) Shell Script
16 19 (1.60%) Kotlin
17 18 (1.52%) Go
17 18 (1.52%) PL/SQL
18 15 (1.26%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 860 (72.51%) Degree
2 476 (40.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 155 (13.07%) Security Cleared
4 129 (10.88%) SC Cleared
5 95 (8.01%) Master's Degree
6 58 (4.89%) DV Cleared
7 52 (4.38%) Microsoft Certification
8 42 (3.54%) Numerate Degree
9 35 (2.95%) CISSP
9 35 (2.95%) MCSE
10 34 (2.87%) PhD
11 28 (2.36%) Cisco Certification
12 19 (1.60%) CCNA
12 19 (1.60%) CCNP
12 19 (1.60%) PMI Certification
13 18 (1.52%) ITIL Certification
13 18 (1.52%) PMP
14 16 (1.35%) CISM
15 15 (1.26%) GIAC
16 14 (1.18%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (7.25%) QA
2 22 (1.85%) GDPR
3 18 (1.52%) Data Quality
4 15 (1.26%) NIST
5 13 (1.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.84%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 9 (0.76%) MiFID
8 8 (0.67%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.59%) COBIT
9 7 (0.59%) IFRS
9 7 (0.59%) NIST 800
9 7 (0.59%) SLA
10 6 (0.51%) IFRS 9
10 6 (0.51%) PMO
11 5 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
12 4 (0.34%) GRC
13 3 (0.25%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.17%) HL7
14 2 (0.17%) ISO 13485
14 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 97 (8.18%) Docker
2 65 (5.48%) Active Directory
3 44 (3.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (1.26%) XenApp
5 12 (1.01%) VMware NSX
6 9 (0.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.76%) HDFS
6 9 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.42%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 5 (0.42%) vCloud
8 4 (0.34%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.25%) Snort
9 3 (0.25%) vSphere
10 2 (0.17%) DFS Replication
10 2 (0.17%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 2 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 93 (7.84%) Kubernetes
2 55 (4.64%) Ansible
3 37 (3.12%) Terraform
4 20 (1.69%) Prometheus
5 15 (1.26%) SCCM
6 13 (1.10%) Istio
7 12 (1.01%) Consul
7 12 (1.01%) Grafana
8 11 (0.93%) Fluentd
8 11 (0.93%) Kibana
8 11 (0.93%) logstash
8 11 (0.93%) Rancher
8 11 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
8 11 (0.93%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 10 (0.84%) vCenter Server
10 9 (0.76%) Microsoft Intune
11 8 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
12 7 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
12 7 (0.59%) StackStorm
13 6 (0.51%) Oozie
Vendors
1 180 (15.18%) Microsoft
2 104 (8.77%) Oracle
3 83 (7.00%) Google
4 51 (4.30%) VMware
5 50 (4.22%) Splunk
6 46 (3.88%) SAP
7 39 (3.29%) Cisco
8 28 (2.36%) IBM
9 26 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
10 24 (2.02%) Citrix
11 18 (1.52%) Databricks
12 15 (1.26%) ServiceNow
13 14 (1.18%) Red Hat
14 13 (1.10%) Atlassian
15 12 (1.01%) Adobe
15 12 (1.01%) HP
16 11 (0.93%) AppDynamics
17 9 (0.76%) ESRI
18 7 (0.59%) Micro Focus
19 6 (0.51%) EMC