Period
to 12 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
12 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 123 133 137
Rank change year-on-year +10 +4 +15
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,712 2,126 1,958
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 2.07% 1.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.37% 2.38% 2.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,042 1,263 1,294
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £304 £313 £300
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £388
% change year-on-year +7.14% +8.39% +10.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 99 102
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +25.00% +2.86%
10th Percentile £20.26 £17.00 £11.75
90th Percentile £82.50 £51.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.56% +12.50% +5.26%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,325 89,346 87,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.16% 86.88% 86.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,414 59,091 58,000
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,300 2,337 2,104
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.08
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -4.66% +2.56%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.35 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year +7.14% -10.64% +2.17%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 12 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 12 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1,602 £500 +0.81% 1,497
London +18 929 £525 - 647
UK excluding London -8 737 £450 +7.14% 964
South East +26 343 £450 +5.88% 253
South West -3 107 £450 +1.13% 109
East of England +40 88 £400 -2.44% 207
Midlands -31 63 £438 +2.94% 119
North of England -66 63 £425 +6.25% 164
Scotland +7 57 £340 -17.82% 67
East Midlands -18 37 £450 +5.88% 47
North West -24 34 £450 +25.00% 104
West Midlands -9 26 £325 -24.42% 72
Yorkshire -26 21 £420 -20.00% 45
Wales +37 12 £363 -34.09% 26
North East 0 8 - - 15
Northern Ireland -4 4 £455 +42.19% 23

For the 6 months to 12 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 1,199 (70.04%) Degree
2 630 (36.80%) Agile Software Development
3 596 (34.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 462 (26.99%) Python
5 420 (24.53%) SQL
6 412 (24.07%) Finance
7 405 (23.66%) Mathematics
8 396 (23.13%) Java
9 350 (20.44%) JavaScript
10 322 (18.81%) Azure
11 315 (18.40%) Microsoft
12 304 (17.76%) Analytical Skills
13 296 (17.29%) Software Engineering
14 269 (15.71%) DevOps
15 249 (14.54%) AWS
16 243 (14.19%) C#
17 235 (13.73%) Analytics
17 235 (13.73%) Problem-Solving
18 228 (13.32%) Git (software)
19 222 (12.97%) Linux
19 222 (12.97%) Data Science
20 214 (12.50%) Machine Learning
21 202 (11.80%) React
22 201 (11.74%) Scrum
23 198 (11.57%) Windows
24 197 (11.51%) Continuous Integration
25 193 (11.27%) TDD
26 183 (10.69%) Test Automation
27 178 (10.40%) HTML
28 177 (10.34%) Security Cleared

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (9.11%) Apache Spark
2 63 (3.68%) Apache
3 50 (2.92%) SharePoint
4 45 (2.63%) Jupyter
5 43 (2.51%) Confluence
6 37 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
7 25 (1.46%) MS Exchange
8 22 (1.29%) SAS
9 20 (1.17%) CMS
9 20 (1.17%) Skype for Business
10 16 (0.93%) IIS
10 16 (0.93%) Tomcat
11 12 (0.70%) JBoss
12 11 (0.64%) OpenStack
13 10 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
14 9 (0.53%) IBM Notes
14 9 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 8 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
16 7 (0.41%) nginx
Applications
1 87 (5.08%) Microsoft Office
2 42 (2.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.82%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.70%) SPSS
6 8 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.47%) Windchill
7 7 (0.41%) Stata
8 5 (0.29%) CATIA
8 5 (0.29%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.29%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 5 (0.29%) PTC Creo
9 3 (0.18%) Camtasia
9 3 (0.18%) GNU Octave
9 3 (0.18%) XMetaL
10 2 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.12%) InVision
11 1 (0.058%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.058%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 8 (0.47%) FINCAD Analytics
2 7 (0.41%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 7 (0.41%) Temenos T24
3 6 (0.35%) SAP MDG
3 6 (0.35%) thinkFolio
4 5 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.23%) SAP MDM
6 3 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.12%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.12%) Sonata
7 2 (0.12%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.058%) Infor LN
8 1 (0.058%) Oracle AML
8 1 (0.058%) Relativity
8 1 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.058%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 322 (18.81%) Azure
2 249 (14.54%) AWS
3 103 (6.02%) Serverless
4 89 (5.20%) Office 365
5 87 (5.08%) Power Platform
6 86 (5.02%) PaaS
7 78 (4.56%) SaaS
8 68 (3.97%) GCP
9 65 (3.80%) IaaS
10 52 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
11 43 (2.51%) Amazon S3
12 41 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
13 34 (1.99%) GitHub
14 33 (1.93%) Azure Active Directory
15 31 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
16 30 (1.75%) Amazon Kinesis
17 24 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 24 (1.40%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 19 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
19 18 (1.05%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 92 (5.37%) Firewall
2 82 (4.79%) Internet
3 65 (3.80%) DNS
4 57 (3.33%) TCP/IP
5 56 (3.27%) WAN
6 55 (3.21%) VPN
7 46 (2.69%) LAN
8 38 (2.22%) SAN
9 32 (1.87%) NAS
10 30 (1.75%) Reverse Proxy
11 27 (1.58%) HTTP
12 26 (1.52%) Network Security
13 24 (1.40%) DHCP
13 24 (1.40%) Wireless
14 21 (1.23%) Skype
15 20 (1.17%) Intrusion Detection
16 15 (0.88%) BGP
17 13 (0.76%) MPLS
17 13 (0.76%) RS-232
17 13 (0.76%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 176 (10.28%) Big Data
2 174 (10.16%) SQL Server
3 121 (7.07%) Hadoop
4 94 (5.49%) NoSQL
5 73 (4.26%) Power BI
6 72 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
7 70 (4.09%) MongoDB
8 57 (3.33%) Relational Database
9 55 (3.21%) MySQL
10 40 (2.34%) PostgreSQL
11 39 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 38 (2.22%) Azure SQL Database
13 36 (2.10%) Data Mining
14 34 (1.99%) Cosmos DB
15 29 (1.69%) Data Lake
16 28 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
16 28 (1.64%) Apache Hive
17 27 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 27 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
18 25 (1.46%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 228 (13.32%) Git (software)
2 145 (8.47%) Jenkins
3 92 (5.37%) JIRA
4 40 (2.34%) Selenium
5 35 (2.04%) Maven
6 34 (1.99%) Cucumber
7 33 (1.93%) Visual Studio
8 32 (1.87%) webpack
9 29 (1.69%) Visual Studio Team System
10 27 (1.58%) TeamCity
11 23 (1.34%) Bitbucket
12 20 (1.17%) Jasmine
12 20 (1.17%) JUnit
13 19 (1.11%) Subversion
14 17 (0.99%) Gradle
15 15 (0.88%) Mocha
15 15 (0.88%) Travis CI
16 12 (0.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 12 (0.70%) Mockito
17 11 (0.64%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 412 (24.07%) Finance
2 92 (5.37%) Banking
3 80 (4.67%) Front Office
4 67 (3.91%) Marketing
5 55 (3.21%) Manufacturing
6 42 (2.45%) Legal
7 39 (2.28%) Telecoms
8 37 (2.16%) Retail
9 36 (2.10%) Advertising
10 35 (2.04%) Public Sector
11 34 (1.99%) Games
12 33 (1.93%) Investment Banking
13 30 (1.75%) Back Office
13 30 (1.75%) Electronics
14 28 (1.64%) Publishing
15 21 (1.23%) Financial Institution
16 15 (0.88%) Automotive
16 15 (0.88%) Law
17 14 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
18 11 (0.64%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 559 (32.65%) Developer
2 154 (9.00%) Architect
3 148 (8.64%) Analyst
4 122 (7.13%) Data Scientist
5 115 (6.72%) Java Developer
5 115 (6.72%) Software Engineer
6 97 (5.67%) Senior Developer
7 72 (4.21%) C# Developer
8 71 (4.15%) Data Engineer
9 66 (3.86%) Python Developer
10 50 (2.92%) Consultant
11 49 (2.86%) .NET Developer
12 47 (2.75%) Software Developer
13 46 (2.69%) Solutions Architect
14 43 (2.51%) DevOps Engineer
15 40 (2.34%) AWS Engineer
16 39 (2.28%) Technical Architect
17 38 (2.22%) Cloud Engineer
18 37 (2.16%) Full Stack Developer
19 36 (2.10%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 202 (11.80%) React
2 178 (10.40%) HTML
3 168 (9.81%) .NET
4 154 (9.00%) CSS
5 148 (8.64%) AngularJS
6 134 (7.83%) REST
7 133 (7.77%) Web Services
8 132 (7.71%) Kafka
9 99 (5.78%) XML
10 84 (4.91%) RESTful
11 83 (4.85%) Node.js
12 82 (4.79%) Spring
13 78 (4.56%) JSON
14 70 (4.09%) Vue.js
15 49 (2.86%) ASP.NET
16 48 (2.80%) Pandas
17 46 (2.69%) Natural Language Processing
18 43 (2.51%) SOAP
19 42 (2.45%) .NET Core
19 42 (2.45%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 304 (17.76%) Analytical Skills
2 176 (10.28%) Algorithms
3 120 (7.01%) Management Information System
4 117 (6.83%) User Experience
5 85 (4.96%) Data Structures
6 81 (4.73%) Self-Motivation
7 66 (3.86%) Mobile App
8 63 (3.68%) Hedge funds
9 60 (3.50%) Data Centre
10 56 (3.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 47 (2.75%) Greenfield Project
12 40 (2.34%) Replication
13 39 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
14 35 (2.04%) Equities
15 34 (1.99%) Public Cloud
16 28 (1.64%) Life Science
17 26 (1.52%) Fixed Income
18 25 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
19 24 (1.40%) Virtual Team
20 22 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 222 (12.97%) Linux
2 198 (11.57%) Windows
3 80 (4.67%) Unix
4 42 (2.45%) Windows Server
5 37 (2.16%) Android
6 36 (2.10%) Windows 10
7 24 (1.40%) Apple iOS
8 15 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (0.70%) CentOS
10 11 (0.64%) Embedded Linux
10 11 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (0.53%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.53%) Windows 7
11 9 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.47%) Solaris
13 5 (0.29%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.29%) VMS
13 5 (0.29%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.23%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 630 (36.80%) Agile Software Development
2 405 (23.66%) Mathematics
3 296 (17.29%) Software Engineering
4 269 (15.71%) DevOps
5 235 (13.73%) Analytics
5 235 (13.73%) Problem-Solving
6 222 (12.97%) Data Science
7 214 (12.50%) Machine Learning
8 201 (11.74%) Scrum
9 197 (11.51%) Continuous Integration
10 193 (11.27%) TDD
11 183 (10.69%) Test Automation
12 158 (9.23%) OO
13 155 (9.05%) Microservices
14 140 (8.18%) Statistics
15 131 (7.65%) Visualisation
16 119 (6.95%) Physics
17 116 (6.78%) Project Management
18 110 (6.43%) ITIL
19 107 (6.25%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 462 (26.99%) Python
2 420 (24.53%) SQL
3 396 (23.13%) Java
4 350 (20.44%) JavaScript
5 243 (14.19%) C#
6 163 (9.52%) C++
7 111 (6.48%) R
8 95 (5.55%) Scala
9 89 (5.20%) C
10 80 (4.67%) PHP
11 73 (4.26%) PowerShell
12 51 (2.98%) Perl
13 46 (2.69%) TypeScript
14 35 (2.04%) Java 8
15 32 (1.87%) T-SQL
16 26 (1.52%) Bash Shell
16 26 (1.52%) Go
17 25 (1.46%) Ruby
18 23 (1.34%) PL/SQL
19 21 (1.23%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,199 (70.04%) Degree
2 596 (34.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 177 (10.34%) Security Cleared
4 125 (7.30%) PhD
5 124 (7.24%) SC Cleared
6 115 (6.72%) Master's Degree
7 54 (3.15%) Microsoft Certification
8 42 (2.45%) CISSP
9 39 (2.28%) Cisco Certification
10 34 (1.99%) Numerate Degree
11 28 (1.64%) DV Cleared
12 27 (1.58%) MCP
13 24 (1.40%) CCNA
14 23 (1.34%) PMI Certification
15 20 (1.17%) CCNP
15 20 (1.17%) MCSA
15 20 (1.17%) PMP
16 19 (1.11%) ISTQB
16 19 (1.11%) TOGAF Certification
17 18 (1.05%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (6.25%) QA
2 31 (1.81%) Data Quality
3 22 (1.29%) SLA
4 21 (1.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (1.05%) COBIT
6 16 (0.93%) GDPR
6 16 (0.93%) NIST
7 13 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 11 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 9 (0.53%) NCSC
10 8 (0.47%) GxP
11 7 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 5 (0.29%) PMO
13 4 (0.23%) GMP
13 4 (0.23%) MiFID
13 4 (0.23%) NIST 800
13 4 (0.23%) PCI DSS
14 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
15 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
15 2 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 159 (9.29%) Docker
2 88 (5.14%) Active Directory
3 43 (2.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (0.88%) HDFS
5 15 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.64%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.47%) Firmware
8 6 (0.35%) vSphere
8 6 (0.35%) XenDesktop
9 5 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.18%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 3 (0.18%) LXC
10 3 (0.18%) NFS
10 3 (0.18%) XenApp
11 2 (0.12%) Ceph
11 2 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 119 (6.95%) Kubernetes
2 56 (3.27%) Ansible
2 56 (3.27%) Terraform
3 52 (3.04%) Puppet
4 21 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
4 21 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
5 19 (1.11%) Nagios
6 15 (0.88%) SCCM
7 13 (0.76%) vCenter Server
7 13 (0.76%) vRealize
8 10 (0.58%) Prometheus
8 10 (0.58%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 9 (0.53%) Grafana
9 9 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
9 9 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
10 8 (0.47%) logstash
10 8 (0.47%) Oozie
11 7 (0.41%) Kibana
12 6 (0.35%) Consul
12 6 (0.35%) Packer
Vendors
1 315 (18.40%) Microsoft
2 125 (7.30%) Oracle
3 67 (3.91%) VMware
4 63 (3.68%) Cisco
4 63 (3.68%) Google
5 61 (3.56%) Tableau
6 43 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
7 38 (2.22%) Databricks
8 34 (1.99%) SAP
9 27 (1.58%) Splunk
10 25 (1.46%) Informatica
11 21 (1.23%) IBM
11 21 (1.23%) Red Hat
12 19 (1.11%) Workday
12 19 (1.11%) Xamarin
13 18 (1.05%) Adobe
13 18 (1.05%) Citrix
14 17 (0.99%) EMC
14 17 (0.99%) NetApp
15 16 (0.93%) HP