Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 123 136 156
Rank change year-on-year +13 +20 +12
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 2,220 2,013 1,731
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.12% 1.95% 1.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 2.27% 1.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,317 1,355 1,105
UK median daily rate £495 £470 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.32% +7.43% +2.94%
10th Percentile £313 £289 £250
90th Percentile £687 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £378 £350
% change year-on-year +11.26% +7.86% -6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 100 90 66
UK median hourly rate £43.63 £40.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.06% +14.29% +19.27%
10th Percentile £15.85 £12.38 £12.13
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.25 £48.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £41.50
% change year-on-year +9.36% -0.84% +10.67%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,003 88,700 86,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.79% 85.87% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,238 59,225 57,246
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,336 2,067 2,452
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.60 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.23 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -15.10% +11.11% -

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 2,077 £500 +5.26% 1,634
London -1 1,142 £525 - 735
UK excluding London +22 1,030 £420 +11.26% 1,005
South East +19 363 £425 +6.25% 297
North of England +55 170 £400 +14.29% 153
Midlands -5 158 £425 +6.25% 138
South West +11 138 £450 +5.88% 102
East of England +6 97 £410 +12.33% 211
Scotland -14 85 £400 +14.29% 53
West Midlands +2 83 £434 +30.94% 93
North West +17 76 £355 +5.19% 85
Yorkshire +49 74 £511 +13.93% 51
East Midlands -5 72 £425 +3.03% 45
North East -7 20 £638 +109.88% 17
Northern Ireland +36 14 £325 +23.81% 22
Wales -24 7 £550 +37.50% 30

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 1,673 (75.36%) Degree
2 920 (41.44%) Agile Software Development
3 901 (40.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 544 (24.50%) Java
5 533 (24.01%) Finance
6 496 (22.34%) SQL
6 496 (22.34%) Python
7 459 (20.68%) Mathematics
8 426 (19.19%) C#
9 425 (19.14%) Problem-Solving
10 396 (17.84%) JavaScript
11 392 (17.66%) Software Engineering
12 389 (17.52%) Analytical Skills
13 326 (14.68%) Linux
14 304 (13.69%) Test Automation
15 301 (13.56%) Microsoft
16 290 (13.06%) Amazon AWS
17 280 (12.61%) Analytics
18 279 (12.57%) TDD
19 275 (12.39%) .NET
20 265 (11.94%) Algorithms
20 265 (11.94%) Git (software)
21 264 (11.89%) OO
22 262 (11.80%) HTML
23 261 (11.76%) DevOps
24 258 (11.62%) Microsoft Azure
25 251 (11.31%) Scrum
26 241 (10.86%) SQL Server
27 237 (10.68%) C++
28 232 (10.45%) Windows

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (6.08%) Apache Spark
2 82 (3.69%) Apache
3 70 (3.15%) SharePoint
4 58 (2.61%) SAS
5 39 (1.76%) CMS
5 39 (1.76%) Confluence
6 38 (1.71%) IIS
7 35 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
8 34 (1.53%) Tomcat
9 28 (1.26%) MS Exchange
10 26 (1.17%) OpenStack
11 24 (1.08%) nginx
12 23 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
12 23 (1.04%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.81%) Drupal
14 17 (0.77%) Ethereum
14 17 (0.77%) Hyperledger
15 15 (0.68%) SharePoint 2013
16 12 (0.54%) Jetty
16 12 (0.54%) Mongrel
Applications
1 65 (2.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 64 (2.88%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (1.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 19 (0.86%) Chatbot
5 15 (0.68%) SPSS
6 11 (0.50%) MS Visio
6 11 (0.50%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
8 7 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
9 6 (0.27%) InfoPath
9 6 (0.27%) Simulink
10 5 (0.23%) InVision
11 4 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.14%) Stata
13 2 (0.090%) AutoCAD
13 2 (0.090%) Camtasia
13 2 (0.090%) GIMP
13 2 (0.090%) GNU Octave
14 1 (0.045%) Fireworks
14 1 (0.045%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 22 (0.99%) Remedy ITSM
2 18 (0.81%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 17 (0.77%) Distributed Ledger
4 13 (0.59%) R3 Corda
5 9 (0.41%) SAP GTS
6 7 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.32%) SAP GRC
7 6 (0.27%) Remedy AR System
8 5 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.18%) Endur
9 4 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.18%) SAP BPC
10 3 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
11 2 (0.090%) Actimize
11 2 (0.090%) Magento
11 2 (0.090%) MetaTrader
11 2 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.090%) Sonata
11 2 (0.090%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 290 (13.06%) Amazon AWS
2 258 (11.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 72 (3.24%) Office 365
4 71 (3.20%) GitHub
5 67 (3.02%) Google Cloud Platform
6 57 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
7 51 (2.30%) Amazon S3
8 46 (2.07%) SaaS
9 43 (1.94%) Amazon EC2
9 43 (1.94%) Serverless
10 38 (1.71%) AWS CloudFormation
11 34 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
12 32 (1.44%) PaaS
12 32 (1.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 26 (1.17%) Heroku
13 26 (1.17%) IaaS
14 20 (0.90%) Amazon ELB
14 20 (0.90%) Mimecast
15 19 (0.86%) Amazon EMR
16 16 (0.72%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 115 (5.18%) Firewall
2 63 (2.84%) Internet
3 59 (2.66%) HTTP
4 52 (2.34%) DNS
5 48 (2.16%) VPN
6 46 (2.07%) LAN
7 40 (1.80%) TCP/IP
8 36 (1.62%) WAN
9 32 (1.44%) Wireless
10 29 (1.31%) BGP
11 24 (1.08%) OSPF
11 24 (1.08%) VoIP
12 23 (1.04%) MPLS
13 17 (0.77%) SSL
14 16 (0.72%) Network Security
14 16 (0.72%) SAN
14 16 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
15 15 (0.68%) 802.11
15 15 (0.68%) DHCP
16 14 (0.63%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 241 (10.86%) SQL Server
2 164 (7.39%) Big Data
2 164 (7.39%) NoSQL
3 147 (6.62%) Hadoop
4 100 (4.50%) Relational Database
5 81 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
6 73 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
7 68 (3.06%) Apache Hive
8 63 (2.84%) MySQL
9 62 (2.79%) MongoDB
10 50 (2.25%) Redis
11 47 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
12 41 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 37 (1.67%) Power BI
14 34 (1.53%) Data Mining
15 31 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
16 26 (1.17%) Blockchain
16 26 (1.17%) Oracle Database
16 26 (1.17%) SQL Server 2012
17 24 (1.08%) HBase
Development Applications
1 265 (11.94%) Git (software)
2 167 (7.52%) Jenkins
3 164 (7.39%) JIRA
4 92 (4.14%) Selenium
5 85 (3.83%) Maven
6 75 (3.38%) Visual Studio
7 55 (2.48%) TeamCity
8 54 (2.43%) JUnit
9 43 (1.94%) Gradle
10 40 (1.80%) Team Foundation Server
11 38 (1.71%) webpack
12 37 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 37 (1.67%) Jasmine
13 36 (1.62%) AccuRev
14 31 (1.40%) CruiseControl
14 31 (1.40%) Visual Studio Team System
15 29 (1.31%) Ant
16 28 (1.26%) Eclipse
16 28 (1.26%) Mocha
16 28 (1.26%) Vagrant
General
1 533 (24.01%) Finance
2 159 (7.16%) Banking
3 100 (4.50%) Front Office
4 98 (4.41%) Telecoms
5 83 (3.74%) Marketing
6 68 (3.06%) Retail
7 60 (2.70%) Legal
8 51 (2.30%) Manufacturing
9 48 (2.16%) Investment Banking
10 43 (1.94%) Back Office
10 43 (1.94%) Electronics
11 42 (1.89%) Games
12 40 (1.80%) Financial Institution
13 38 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
14 35 (1.58%) Publishing
15 29 (1.31%) Advertising
16 22 (0.99%) German Language
17 21 (0.95%) Automotive
18 13 (0.59%) French Language
19 11 (0.50%) Law
Job Titles
1 823 (37.07%) Developer
2 220 (9.91%) Analyst
3 209 (9.41%) Java Developer
4 190 (8.56%) Software Engineer
5 140 (6.31%) Architect
6 135 (6.08%) C# Developer
7 115 (5.18%) Senior Developer
8 113 (5.09%) Data Scientist
9 98 (4.41%) Consultant
10 93 (4.19%) .NET Developer
11 73 (3.29%) Software Developer
12 64 (2.88%) C# .NET Developer
13 63 (2.84%) Tester
14 60 (2.70%) Senior Software Engineer
15 57 (2.57%) React Developer
16 54 (2.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 52 (2.34%) C++ Software Engineer
17 52 (2.34%) Python Developer
18 51 (2.30%) Data Engineer
19 49 (2.21%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 275 (12.39%) .NET
2 262 (11.80%) HTML
3 223 (10.05%) CSS
4 190 (8.56%) Web Services
5 172 (7.75%) AngularJS
6 147 (6.62%) REST
7 137 (6.17%) RESTful
8 130 (5.86%) Spring
9 125 (5.63%) Kafka
10 118 (5.32%) Node.js
11 111 (5.00%) HTML5
12 102 (4.59%) WPF
13 101 (4.55%) React
14 88 (3.96%) XML
15 85 (3.83%) .NET Framework
16 81 (3.65%) JSON
17 73 (3.29%) WCF
18 70 (3.15%) ASP.NET
19 62 (2.79%) CSS3
20 60 (2.70%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 389 (17.52%) Analytical Skills
2 265 (11.94%) Algorithms
3 155 (6.98%) Data Structures
3 155 (6.98%) Management Information System
4 148 (6.67%) User Experience
5 96 (4.32%) Mobile App
6 86 (3.87%) Self-Motivation
7 79 (3.56%) Greenfield Project
8 59 (2.66%) Fintech
9 50 (2.25%) Data Centre
10 44 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
11 37 (1.67%) Hedge funds
12 33 (1.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 33 (1.49%) Public Cloud
13 32 (1.44%) Life Science
14 30 (1.35%) Derivative
14 30 (1.35%) Equities
15 28 (1.26%) Embedded Systems
15 28 (1.26%) PMI
16 25 (1.13%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 326 (14.68%) Linux
2 232 (10.45%) Windows
3 125 (5.63%) Unix
4 89 (4.01%) Apple iOS
5 84 (3.78%) Android
6 81 (3.65%) Windows Server
7 29 (1.31%) Embedded Linux
8 27 (1.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 25 (1.13%) Solaris
9 25 (1.13%) Windows 10
10 24 (1.08%) Windows 7
11 23 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 20 (0.90%) CentOS
12 20 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.63%) Kali Linux
14 13 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
15 12 (0.54%) Debian
15 12 (0.54%) Fedora
15 12 (0.54%) Ubuntu
15 12 (0.54%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 920 (41.44%) Agile Software Development
2 459 (20.68%) Mathematics
3 425 (19.14%) Problem-Solving
4 392 (17.66%) Software Engineering
5 304 (13.69%) Test Automation
6 280 (12.61%) Analytics
7 279 (12.57%) TDD
8 264 (11.89%) OO
9 261 (11.76%) DevOps
10 251 (11.31%) Scrum
11 231 (10.41%) Data Science
12 170 (7.66%) Machine Learning
13 166 (7.48%) Continuous Integration
14 155 (6.98%) Microservices
15 154 (6.94%) SDLC
16 149 (6.71%) Unit Testing
17 138 (6.22%) Statistics
18 134 (6.04%) Open Source
19 128 (5.77%) Project Management
20 124 (5.59%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 544 (24.50%) Java
2 496 (22.34%) Python
2 496 (22.34%) SQL
3 426 (19.19%) C#
4 396 (17.84%) JavaScript
5 237 (10.68%) C++
6 120 (5.41%) C
7 112 (5.05%) PowerShell
8 110 (4.95%) R
9 107 (4.82%) Scala
10 76 (3.42%) Perl
11 73 (3.29%) Java 8
12 72 (3.24%) TypeScript
13 66 (2.97%) Go
14 61 (2.75%) Ruby
15 57 (2.57%) Bash Shell
16 52 (2.34%) Apple Swift
17 50 (2.25%) ES6
18 46 (2.07%) PHP
19 44 (1.98%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,673 (75.36%) Degree
2 901 (40.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 189 (8.51%) Master's Degree
4 120 (5.41%) Security Cleared
5 103 (4.64%) PhD
6 77 (3.47%) SC Cleared
7 71 (3.20%) Cisco Certification
8 68 (3.06%) CISSP
9 61 (2.75%) Microsoft Certification
10 57 (2.57%) CISA
11 53 (2.39%) Numerate Degree
12 45 (2.03%) CISM
13 36 (1.62%) PMI Certification
14 32 (1.44%) CCNA
14 32 (1.44%) DV Cleared
14 32 (1.44%) MCSE
15 29 (1.31%) PMP
16 28 (1.26%) CCNP
17 23 (1.04%) GIAC
18 22 (0.99%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (4.86%) QA
2 36 (1.62%) SLA
3 26 (1.17%) GDPR
4 24 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 22 (0.99%) Data Quality
6 18 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 16 (0.72%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.59%) PCI DSS
9 9 (0.41%) ISAE 3402
10 8 (0.36%) ISO 22301
10 8 (0.36%) ISO 31000
10 8 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 7 (0.32%) PMO
12 6 (0.27%) CDISC
12 6 (0.27%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
14 4 (0.18%) ARP4754
14 4 (0.18%) IFRS
14 4 (0.18%) IFRS 9
15 3 (0.14%) HL7
System Software
1 205 (9.23%) Docker
2 80 (3.60%) Active Directory
3 53 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.08%) Hyper-V
5 22 (0.99%) Apache Flume
6 19 (0.86%) Firmware
7 17 (0.77%) HDFS
8 14 (0.63%) XenApp
9 13 (0.59%) VirtualBox
10 12 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 11 (0.50%) Oracle RAC
11 11 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
11 11 (0.50%) XenDesktop
12 9 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (0.36%) ISA Server
14 7 (0.32%) ACF2
14 7 (0.32%) RACF
15 5 (0.23%) KVM
15 5 (0.23%) vSphere
16 4 (0.18%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 89 (4.01%) Ansible
2 84 (3.78%) Puppet
3 83 (3.74%) Kubernetes
4 62 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 56 (2.52%) Terraform
6 27 (1.22%) Nagios
7 26 (1.17%) Kibana
8 24 (1.08%) logstash
9 23 (1.04%) SCCM
10 22 (0.99%) Nessus
11 20 (0.90%) Salt
12 17 (0.77%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 17 (0.77%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 16 (0.72%) Packer
14 14 (0.63%) Nmap
15 13 (0.59%) vCenter Server
16 12 (0.54%) Graylog
17 10 (0.45%) Graphite
17 10 (0.45%) ZABBIX
18 9 (0.41%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 301 (13.56%) Microsoft
2 194 (8.74%) Oracle
3 119 (5.36%) Google
4 85 (3.83%) Cisco
5 74 (3.33%) VMware
6 65 (2.93%) SAP
7 56 (2.52%) Red Hat
8 51 (2.30%) IBM
8 51 (2.30%) Splunk
9 41 (1.85%) Tableau
10 33 (1.49%) Citrix
10 33 (1.49%) HP
11 32 (1.44%) Remedy
12 26 (1.17%) BMC
12 26 (1.17%) Informatica
12 26 (1.17%) Talend
13 24 (1.08%) TIBCO
14 22 (0.99%) Apple
14 22 (0.99%) Atlassian
14 22 (0.99%) ServiceNow