Period
to 25 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 129 127 145
Rank change year-on-year -2 +18 +18
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,328 1,999 1,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.95% 2.03% 1.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.29% 2.33% 2.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 749 1,204 1,233
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £280
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £390
% change year-on-year +5.88% +8.97% +11.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 75 95
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.94% +1.19% +12.00%
10th Percentile £25.00 £16.85 £16.05
90th Percentile £81.63 £51.85 £58.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 58,051 85,859 86,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.03% 87.37% 86.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,490 56,787 57,581
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,921 2,238 2,107
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £23.86 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.45% -0.59% -4.00%
10th Percentile £12.44 £11.42 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £24.00
% change year-on-year -6.67% -6.25% -0.89%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 1,225 £500 +0.10% 1,491
London +26 766 £530 +0.95% 650
UK excluding London -25 528 £450 +5.88% 979
South East +20 213 £475 +4.11% 237
North of England +26 78 £475 +26.67% 168
South West -52 72 £450 +5.88% 115
Scotland 0 59 £425 +6.25% 83
East of England -10 56 £363 -19.44% 187
North West +25 50 £500 +42.86% 107
Midlands -53 38 £438 -2.78% 134
West Midlands -4 20 £438 +15.89% 89
East Midlands -16 18 £425 -5.56% 45
North East +21 14 £394 -17.11% 12
Yorkshire +11 14 £450 +20.00% 49
Wales +33 9 £275 -47.62% 28
Northern Ireland +7 5 £368 +14.84% 28

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 913 (68.75%) Degree
2 478 (35.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 471 (35.47%) Agile Software Development
4 344 (25.90%) Java
5 339 (25.53%) Python
6 317 (23.87%) Mathematics
7 305 (22.97%) SQL
7 305 (22.97%) Finance
8 276 (20.78%) JavaScript
9 266 (20.03%) Analytical Skills
10 245 (18.45%) Azure
11 227 (17.09%) Problem-Solving
12 209 (15.74%) Software Engineering
13 206 (15.51%) Microsoft
14 200 (15.06%) Analytics
15 189 (14.23%) Data Science
16 186 (14.01%) Machine Learning
16 186 (14.01%) DevOps
17 174 (13.10%) Algorithms
17 174 (13.10%) C#
18 173 (13.03%) AWS
18 173 (13.03%) Git (software)
19 150 (11.30%) HTML
20 148 (11.14%) Test Automation
21 146 (10.99%) Linux
22 145 (10.92%) OO
22 145 (10.92%) TDD
22 145 (10.92%) React
23 140 (10.54%) CSS
24 139 (10.47%) Scrum

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (8.96%) Apache Spark
2 55 (4.14%) Apache
3 36 (2.71%) Jupyter
4 34 (2.56%) Elasticsearch
5 25 (1.88%) CMS
5 25 (1.88%) Confluence
6 22 (1.66%) SharePoint
7 16 (1.20%) Tomcat
8 14 (1.05%) SAS
8 14 (1.05%) WebLogic
9 12 (0.90%) IBM Notes
10 11 (0.83%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.75%) WebSphere
12 9 (0.68%) Drupal
12 9 (0.68%) IIS
13 8 (0.60%) JBoss
14 7 (0.53%) MS Exchange
14 7 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
15 6 (0.45%) DNN
Applications
1 67 (5.05%) Microsoft Office
2 54 (4.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (1.20%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.75%) SPSS
6 8 (0.60%) Windchill
7 7 (0.53%) Chatbot
8 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.23%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.15%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.15%) Stata
11 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.075%) Blender
11 1 (0.075%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.075%) Edge Animate
11 1 (0.075%) InVision
11 1 (0.075%) MODO
11 1 (0.075%) Weka
11 1 (0.075%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 9 (0.68%) FINCAD Analytics
2 7 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.53%) thinkFolio
3 4 (0.30%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.30%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.23%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.15%) Hyperion Planning
5 2 (0.15%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle AML
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.15%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.15%) Social Studio
5 2 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.075%) Magento
6 1 (0.075%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.075%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.075%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.075%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.075%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 245 (18.45%) Azure
2 173 (13.03%) AWS
3 81 (6.10%) GCP
4 65 (4.89%) Power Platform
5 63 (4.74%) PaaS
6 60 (4.52%) SaaS
7 48 (3.61%) Office 365
7 48 (3.61%) Serverless
8 44 (3.31%) Cloud Computing
9 40 (3.01%) IaaS
10 36 (2.71%) GitHub
11 29 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
12 25 (1.88%) Amazon S3
13 24 (1.81%) Heroku
14 20 (1.51%) Azure Active Directory
15 19 (1.43%) OpenShift
16 16 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
17 14 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
18 13 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
18 13 (0.98%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 55 (4.14%) Firewall
2 47 (3.54%) Internet
3 33 (2.48%) DNS
3 33 (2.48%) TCP/IP
4 29 (2.18%) WAN
5 26 (1.96%) HTTP
6 25 (1.88%) VPN
7 20 (1.51%) SAN
8 19 (1.43%) NAS
9 18 (1.36%) LAN
10 17 (1.28%) Reverse Proxy
11 14 (1.05%) Network Security
12 11 (0.83%) Intrusion Detection
13 10 (0.75%) RS-232
13 10 (0.75%) RS-485
13 10 (0.75%) Wi-Fi
14 9 (0.68%) DHCP
14 9 (0.68%) Wireless
15 7 (0.53%) Bluetooth
15 7 (0.53%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (10.32%) Big Data
2 121 (9.11%) SQL Server
3 86 (6.48%) NoSQL
4 83 (6.25%) Hadoop
5 60 (4.52%) Power BI
6 55 (4.14%) MongoDB
7 43 (3.24%) Data Mining
8 42 (3.16%) MySQL
9 39 (2.94%) Relational Database
10 36 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
11 29 (2.18%) PostgreSQL
12 27 (2.03%) HBase
13 24 (1.81%) Apache Hive
14 20 (1.51%) Amazon Redshift
15 19 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
15 19 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 18 (1.36%) Azure SQL Database
16 18 (1.36%) Oracle Database
17 15 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 14 (1.05%) GIS
Development Applications
1 173 (13.03%) Git (software)
2 112 (8.43%) Jenkins
3 89 (6.70%) JIRA
4 46 (3.46%) Maven
5 33 (2.48%) Selenium
6 28 (2.11%) JUnit
7 23 (1.73%) Cucumber
8 22 (1.66%) webpack
9 20 (1.51%) Subversion
10 17 (1.28%) Mockito
10 17 (1.28%) TeamCity
11 16 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
12 15 (1.13%) Bitbucket
13 14 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
13 14 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
14 13 (0.98%) IBM UrbanCode
14 13 (0.98%) JMeter
15 12 (0.90%) Gradle
15 12 (0.90%) Grunt
15 12 (0.90%) Visual Studio
General
1 305 (22.97%) Finance
2 96 (7.23%) Banking
3 72 (5.42%) Front Office
4 55 (4.14%) Public Sector
5 48 (3.61%) Marketing
6 36 (2.71%) Telecoms
7 34 (2.56%) Retail
8 32 (2.41%) Investment Banking
9 30 (2.26%) Back Office
10 29 (2.18%) Publishing
11 24 (1.81%) Financial Institution
12 22 (1.66%) Electronics
12 22 (1.66%) Games
13 20 (1.51%) Advertising
13 20 (1.51%) Manufacturing
14 19 (1.43%) Legal
15 13 (0.98%) Automotive
16 10 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.68%) Aerospace
17 9 (0.68%) Law
Job Titles
1 424 (31.93%) Developer
2 120 (9.04%) Data Scientist
3 119 (8.96%) Analyst
4 98 (7.38%) Java Developer
5 92 (6.93%) Architect
6 90 (6.78%) Senior Developer
7 69 (5.20%) Software Engineer
8 56 (4.22%) C# Developer
9 41 (3.09%) Python Developer
10 40 (3.01%) Consultant
10 40 (3.01%) Data Engineer
10 40 (3.01%) Software Developer
11 39 (2.94%) .NET Developer
12 36 (2.71%) Java Engineer
13 34 (2.56%) Data Analyst
14 29 (2.18%) Senior Data Scientist
15 28 (2.11%) DevOps Engineer
15 28 (2.11%) React Developer
16 27 (2.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 27 (2.03%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (11.30%) HTML
2 145 (10.92%) React
3 140 (10.54%) CSS
4 117 (8.81%) Web Services
5 116 (8.73%) AngularJS
6 110 (8.28%) .NET
7 94 (7.08%) REST
8 90 (6.78%) Kafka
9 86 (6.48%) RESTful
10 85 (6.40%) Spring
11 84 (6.33%) XML
12 61 (4.59%) JSON
13 58 (4.37%) Node.js
14 50 (3.77%) Vue.js
15 45 (3.39%) TensorFlow
16 44 (3.31%) Pandas
17 43 (3.24%) HTML5
18 37 (2.79%) PySpark
18 37 (2.79%) scikit-learn
19 36 (2.71%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 266 (20.03%) Analytical Skills
2 174 (13.10%) Algorithms
3 112 (8.43%) User Experience
4 106 (7.98%) Management Information System
5 95 (7.15%) Data Structures
6 56 (4.22%) Self-Motivation
7 54 (4.07%) Mobile App
8 42 (3.16%) Data Centre
9 41 (3.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 36 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
11 33 (2.48%) Hedge funds
12 26 (1.96%) Fixed Income
12 26 (1.96%) Greenfield Project
13 24 (1.81%) Replication
14 21 (1.58%) Derivative
14 21 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
15 20 (1.51%) Hybrid Cloud
16 19 (1.43%) Virtual Team
17 17 (1.28%) Equities
17 17 (1.28%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 146 (10.99%) Linux
2 120 (9.04%) Windows
3 54 (4.07%) Unix
4 31 (2.33%) Apple iOS
5 26 (1.96%) Windows Server
6 25 (1.88%) Android
7 18 (1.36%) Windows 10
8 12 (0.90%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
12 7 (0.53%) CentOS
12 7 (0.53%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.45%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 3 (0.23%) OpenVMS
14 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.15%) Debian
15 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 471 (35.47%) Agile Software Development
2 317 (23.87%) Mathematics
3 227 (17.09%) Problem-Solving
4 209 (15.74%) Software Engineering
5 200 (15.06%) Analytics
6 189 (14.23%) Data Science
7 186 (14.01%) DevOps
7 186 (14.01%) Machine Learning
8 148 (11.14%) Test Automation
9 145 (10.92%) OO
9 145 (10.92%) TDD
10 139 (10.47%) Scrum
11 134 (10.09%) Statistics
12 132 (9.94%) Visualisation
13 123 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
14 107 (8.06%) Microservices
15 105 (7.91%) Open Source
16 102 (7.68%) Physics
17 90 (6.78%) Business Intelligence
18 88 (6.63%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 344 (25.90%) Java
2 339 (25.53%) Python
3 305 (22.97%) SQL
4 276 (20.78%) JavaScript
5 174 (13.10%) C#
6 96 (7.23%) C++
7 83 (6.25%) Scala
8 69 (5.20%) C
9 65 (4.89%) R
10 49 (3.69%) TypeScript
11 48 (3.61%) PHP
12 44 (3.31%) PowerShell
13 29 (2.18%) T-SQL
14 28 (2.11%) Java 8
15 25 (1.88%) Kotlin
16 24 (1.81%) Ruby
17 22 (1.66%) ES6
18 21 (1.58%) Perl
19 20 (1.51%) Bash Shell
20 17 (1.28%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 913 (68.75%) Degree
2 478 (35.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 110 (8.28%) PhD
4 106 (7.98%) Security Cleared
5 105 (7.91%) Master's Degree
6 79 (5.95%) SC Cleared
7 57 (4.29%) Numerate Degree
8 33 (2.48%) Microsoft Certification
9 29 (2.18%) CISSP
10 28 (2.11%) Cisco Certification
11 21 (1.58%) MCP
12 19 (1.43%) GIAC
12 19 (1.43%) PMI Certification
13 17 (1.28%) CCNA
14 16 (1.20%) AWS Certification
15 15 (1.13%) SANS
16 14 (1.05%) DV Cleared
17 13 (0.98%) CISM
17 13 (0.98%) PMP
18 11 (0.83%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (4.82%) QA
2 27 (2.03%) GDPR
3 23 (1.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 21 (1.58%) SLA
5 18 (1.36%) Data Quality
6 16 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 12 (0.90%) NIST
8 9 (0.68%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.68%) WCAG
9 8 (0.60%) COBIT
10 7 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 7 (0.53%) NCSC
11 4 (0.30%) PSD2
11 4 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.23%) MiFID
12 3 (0.23%) NIST 800
12 3 (0.23%) PMO
13 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.15%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 104 (7.83%) Docker
2 50 (3.77%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.81%) HDFS
5 11 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.68%) Firmware
7 7 (0.53%) vSphere
8 6 (0.45%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.45%) Microsoft App-V
9 5 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.30%) XenApp
11 3 (0.23%) NFS
12 2 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.15%) KVM
12 2 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.15%) XenDesktop
13 1 (0.075%) LXC
13 1 (0.075%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.075%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 86 (6.48%) Kubernetes
2 47 (3.54%) Terraform
3 38 (2.86%) Ansible
4 26 (1.96%) Puppet
5 19 (1.43%) Hadoop YARN
6 17 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (0.98%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (0.90%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 11 (0.83%) Nessus
10 9 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
11 7 (0.53%) Nagios
11 7 (0.53%) SCCM
12 6 (0.45%) vCenter Server
13 5 (0.38%) Kibana
13 5 (0.38%) logstash
13 5 (0.38%) QRadar
14 3 (0.23%) Backup Exec
14 3 (0.23%) Failover Clustering
14 3 (0.23%) Kubeflow
14 3 (0.23%) Mesos
Vendors
1 206 (15.51%) Microsoft
2 112 (8.43%) Oracle
3 67 (5.05%) Tableau
4 56 (4.22%) Google
5 39 (2.94%) VMware
6 30 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
7 29 (2.18%) Cisco
8 26 (1.96%) Databricks
9 25 (1.88%) SAP
10 24 (1.81%) Splunk
11 22 (1.66%) Red Hat
12 17 (1.28%) IBM
13 16 (1.20%) Bloomberg
13 16 (1.20%) Dell
14 15 (1.13%) Adobe
14 15 (1.13%) Citrix
14 15 (1.13%) Hortonworks
15 14 (1.05%) Informatica
16 13 (0.98%) MuleSoft
17 12 (0.90%) Workday