Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 122 114 133
Rank change year-on-year -8 +19 +6
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,507 766 1,830
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.12% 2.04% 1.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.40% 2.36% 2.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 945 419 1,148
10th Percentile £354 £300 £304
25th Percentile £438 £388 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £610
90th Percentile £754 £723 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £439 £450
% change year-on-year +9.40% -2.50% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 24 58
10th Percentile £19.52 £32.79 £17.00
25th Percentile £32.00 £37.56 £21.42
Median hourly rate £43.50 £52.50 £44.22
Median % change year-on-year -17.14% +18.72% +4.05%
75th Percentile £53.38 £63.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £61.55 £67.55 £78.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £58.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -23.08% +46.25% -11.11%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 62,822 32,399 80,229
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 88.25% 86.35% 87.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 43,172 21,632 53,654
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
25th Percentile £406 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £576 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,710 929 2,178
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.37 £11.61
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.00 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.00 £23.08 £22.79
Median % change year-on-year +4.01% +1.25% +13.95%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £60.87 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £21.50 £22.93
% change year-on-year -2.33% -6.24% +20.59%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Daily rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Hourly rate trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 1,256 £550 +7.58% 1,294
London -8 833 £588 +9.30% 555
UK excluding London +25 450 £480 +9.40% 820
Work from Home -66 298 £500 +14.29% 302
South East +41 159 £500 +5.26% 218
Scotland -21 73 £450 +12.50% 44
North of England -26 57 £506 +1.25% 178
South West -2 56 £600 -3.81% 77
Midlands -10 52 £413 - 125
North West -13 38 £500 +2.56% 105
East of England -12 34 £519 +32.17% 139
West Midlands -34 26 £483 +13.53% 79
East Midlands -2 20 £388 +34.78% 45
Yorkshire -14 19 £583 +16.60% 42
Northern Ireland +10 14 £444 +16.01% 26
Wales -6 5 £175 -49.46% 13

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 1,090 (72.33%) Degree
2 630 (41.80%) Social Skills
3 575 (38.16%) Agile Software Development
4 558 (37.03%) Computer Science Degree
5 460 (30.52%) Python
6 406 (26.94%) SQL
7 401 (26.61%) Java
8 397 (26.34%) Finance
9 395 (26.21%) Azure
10 339 (22.50%) AWS
11 324 (21.50%) Problem-Solving
12 294 (19.51%) Analytical Skills
13 272 (18.05%) DevOps
14 254 (16.85%) Mathematics
15 249 (16.52%) Software Engineering
16 242 (16.06%) JavaScript
17 234 (15.53%) Analytics
18 213 (14.13%) Microsoft
19 185 (12.28%) Security Cleared
20 183 (12.14%) Git (software)
21 181 (12.01%) C#
22 180 (11.94%) Data Science
23 170 (11.28%) Test Automation
24 167 (11.08%) Scrum
25 166 (11.02%) TDD
26 162 (10.75%) Linux
26 162 (10.75%) Kubernetes
27 156 (10.35%) HTML
28 155 (10.29%) SC Cleared
29 153 (10.15%) Windows

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (7.10%) Apache Spark
2 43 (2.85%) SharePoint
3 33 (2.19%) Apache
4 31 (2.06%) Confluence
5 29 (1.92%) Apache Airflow
6 24 (1.59%) MS Exchange
7 23 (1.53%) Luigi
7 23 (1.53%) SAS
8 16 (1.06%) CMS
8 16 (1.06%) Oracle Coherence
9 13 (0.86%) Skype for Business
10 12 (0.80%) Exchange Server 2013
11 11 (0.73%) Exchange Server 2010
12 10 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2003
13 9 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2007
14 8 (0.53%) IIS
14 8 (0.53%) Tomcat
15 7 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (0.46%) WebSphere
Applications
1 73 (4.84%) Microsoft Office
2 63 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 32 (2.12%) MS Visio
4 30 (1.99%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.40%) Stata
6 5 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.33%) InVision
6 5 (0.33%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.20%) InfoPath
9 2 (0.13%) Houdini
9 2 (0.13%) Maya
9 2 (0.13%) ZBrush
10 1 (0.066%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.066%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.066%) Open Workbench
10 1 (0.066%) Simulink
10 1 (0.066%) Sketch
10 1 (0.066%) SPSS
10 1 (0.066%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 14 (0.93%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.66%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.33%) Oracle Financials
6 4 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.20%) Cloudability
8 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.13%) Eikon
8 2 (0.13%) Magento
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.13%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.13%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.13%) Workday HCM
9 1 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.066%) Sage 50
9 1 (0.066%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.066%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.066%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 395 (26.21%) Azure
2 339 (22.50%) AWS
3 131 (8.69%) GCP
4 71 (4.71%) Power Platform
5 51 (3.38%) GitHub
6 49 (3.25%) Microsoft 365
6 49 (3.25%) Serverless
7 43 (2.85%) SaaS
8 42 (2.79%) PaaS
9 40 (2.65%) Amazon S3
10 36 (2.39%) IaaS
11 30 (1.99%) Cloud Computing
12 26 (1.73%) Azure Functions
13 21 (1.39%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 21 (1.39%) OpenShift
14 18 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
15 17 (1.13%) Amazon EKS
15 17 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
15 17 (1.13%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 54 (3.58%) Firewall
2 49 (3.25%) Network Security
3 46 (3.05%) DNS
4 45 (2.99%) WAN
5 40 (2.65%) LAN
6 29 (1.92%) VPN
7 28 (1.86%) HTTP
8 26 (1.73%) TCP/IP
9 25 (1.66%) DHCP
10 24 (1.59%) VLAN
11 22 (1.46%) NetScaler
11 22 (1.46%) Wireless
12 17 (1.13%) Skype
13 16 (1.06%) SAN
14 15 (1.00%) Internet
14 15 (1.00%) MPLS
14 15 (1.00%) SMTP
15 14 (0.93%) SSL
15 14 (0.93%) VoIP
16 13 (0.86%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (7.43%) SQL Server
2 109 (7.23%) Big Data
3 107 (7.10%) Hadoop
4 101 (6.70%) NoSQL
4 101 (6.70%) Relational Database
5 79 (5.24%) Data Warehouse
6 60 (3.98%) Data Mining
6 60 (3.98%) Power BI
7 57 (3.78%) PostgreSQL
8 52 (3.45%) MySQL
9 48 (3.19%) Tableau
10 42 (2.79%) Data Lake
11 36 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
12 33 (2.19%) Apache Hive
12 33 (2.19%) Metadata
13 25 (1.66%) Amazon Redshift
13 25 (1.66%) MongoDB
14 24 (1.59%) Oracle Database
15 20 (1.33%) Spark SQL
16 19 (1.26%) Azkaban
Development Applications
1 183 (12.14%) Git (software)
2 129 (8.56%) Jenkins
3 90 (5.97%) JIRA
4 39 (2.59%) Maven
5 34 (2.26%) TeamCity
5 34 (2.26%) webpack
6 32 (2.12%) Selenium
7 30 (1.99%) Visual Studio
8 26 (1.73%) Bitbucket
9 25 (1.66%) SonarQube
10 21 (1.39%) GitLab
10 21 (1.39%) Jasmine
10 21 (1.39%) JUnit
10 21 (1.39%) Postman
10 21 (1.39%) Subversion
11 20 (1.33%) Cucumber
12 19 (1.26%) Mocha
13 14 (0.93%) git-flow
13 14 (0.93%) Karma Test Runner
14 13 (0.86%) Gradle
General
1 630 (41.80%) Social Skills
2 397 (26.34%) Finance
3 294 (19.51%) Analytical Skills
4 147 (9.75%) Banking
5 105 (6.97%) Presentation Skills
6 102 (6.77%) Public Sector
7 78 (5.18%) Front Office
8 65 (4.31%) Telecoms
9 61 (4.05%) Marketing
10 47 (3.12%) Documentation Skills
11 43 (2.85%) Retail
12 42 (2.79%) Manufacturing
13 38 (2.52%) Legal
14 33 (2.19%) Investment Banking
15 30 (1.99%) Influencing Skills
16 28 (1.86%) Financial Institution
17 26 (1.73%) Electronics
18 21 (1.39%) Organisational Skills
19 16 (1.06%) Publishing
20 14 (0.93%) Games
Job Titles
1 465 (30.86%) Developer
2 124 (8.23%) Java Developer
3 111 (7.37%) Architect
4 107 (7.10%) Analyst
5 94 (6.24%) Data Engineer
6 87 (5.77%) Senior Developer
7 72 (4.78%) Software Engineer
8 65 (4.31%) Data Scientist
9 63 (4.18%) Consultant
10 56 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
11 55 (3.65%) DevOps Engineer
12 48 (3.19%) .NET Developer
13 43 (2.85%) Python Developer
14 42 (2.79%) C# Developer
15 39 (2.59%) Azure Engineer
15 39 (2.59%) React Developer
16 36 (2.39%) Business Analyst
16 36 (2.39%) Java Engineer
17 29 (1.92%) Data Analyst
17 29 (1.92%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (10.35%) HTML
2 149 (9.89%) CSS
3 129 (8.56%) React
4 127 (8.43%) .NET
5 124 (8.23%) AngularJS
6 108 (7.17%) REST
7 103 (6.83%) Kafka
8 100 (6.64%) Web Services
9 86 (5.71%) RESTful
10 81 (5.37%) Node.js
11 71 (4.71%) Spring
12 51 (3.38%) XML
13 48 (3.19%) JSON
14 47 (3.12%) .NET Core
15 45 (2.99%) NumPy
16 43 (2.85%) .NET Framework
16 43 (2.85%) Spring Boot
17 40 (2.65%) HTML5
17 40 (2.65%) Redux
18 38 (2.52%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 129 (8.56%) Data Structures
2 127 (8.43%) Management Information System
3 125 (8.29%) Algorithms
4 120 (7.96%) User Experience
5 63 (4.18%) Cloud Native
6 60 (3.98%) Self-Motivation
7 38 (2.52%) Social Media
8 37 (2.46%) Mobile App
9 32 (2.12%) Virtual Team
10 31 (2.06%) Fixed Income
11 30 (1.99%) Data Centre
12 26 (1.73%) Analytical Mindset
13 24 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
13 24 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 24 (1.59%) Greenfield Project
14 22 (1.46%) CMDB
14 22 (1.46%) Derivative
14 22 (1.46%) Hedge funds
15 18 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
15 18 (1.19%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 162 (10.75%) Linux
2 153 (10.15%) Windows
3 66 (4.38%) Unix
4 57 (3.78%) Windows Server
5 51 (3.38%) Android
6 42 (2.79%) Apple iOS
7 27 (1.79%) Windows Server 2012
8 24 (1.59%) Windows Server 2016
9 21 (1.39%) Windows 10
10 16 (1.06%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.86%) Windows Server 2003
12 10 (0.66%) Windows Server 2019
13 8 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 8 (0.53%) VMS
14 5 (0.33%) CentOS
14 5 (0.33%) tvOS
15 4 (0.27%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.27%) Solaris
15 4 (0.27%) Ubuntu
16 3 (0.20%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 575 (38.16%) Agile Software Development
2 324 (21.50%) Problem-Solving
3 272 (18.05%) DevOps
4 254 (16.85%) Mathematics
5 249 (16.52%) Software Engineering
6 234 (15.53%) Analytics
7 180 (11.94%) Data Science
8 170 (11.28%) Test Automation
9 167 (11.08%) Scrum
10 166 (11.02%) TDD
11 147 (9.75%) OO
12 144 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
13 143 (9.49%) Microservices
14 140 (9.29%) Machine Learning
15 134 (8.89%) Statistics
16 122 (8.10%) Visualisation
17 118 (7.83%) Project Management
18 115 (7.63%) Business Intelligence
19 111 (7.37%) Data Modelling
20 109 (7.23%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 460 (30.52%) Python
2 406 (26.94%) SQL
3 401 (26.61%) Java
4 242 (16.06%) JavaScript
5 181 (12.01%) C#
6 146 (9.69%) C++
7 96 (6.37%) Scala
8 94 (6.24%) PowerShell
9 88 (5.84%) R
10 70 (4.64%) TypeScript
11 55 (3.65%) Bash Shell
12 52 (3.45%) C
13 49 (3.25%) Perl
14 43 (2.85%) Java 8
15 40 (2.65%) Ruby
16 38 (2.52%) ES6
17 29 (1.92%) Go
18 28 (1.86%) Shell Script
19 26 (1.73%) Kotlin
20 25 (1.66%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,090 (72.33%) Degree
2 558 (37.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 185 (12.28%) Security Cleared
4 155 (10.29%) SC Cleared
5 114 (7.56%) Master's Degree
6 69 (4.58%) Microsoft Certification
7 60 (3.98%) DV Cleared
8 54 (3.58%) MCSE
9 52 (3.45%) Cisco Certification
10 47 (3.12%) CISSP
11 43 (2.85%) Numerate Degree
12 40 (2.65%) CCNA
13 34 (2.26%) CCNP
14 28 (1.86%) PhD
14 28 (1.86%) PMI Certification
14 28 (1.86%) PMP
15 24 (1.59%) ISTQB
16 22 (1.46%) CISM
16 22 (1.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 20 (1.33%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (7.10%) QA
2 43 (2.85%) Accessibility
3 40 (2.65%) Data Quality
4 36 (2.39%) GDPR
5 18 (1.19%) PCI DSS
6 17 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (1.13%) NIST
6 17 (1.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 12 (0.80%) PMO
8 11 (0.73%) SLA
9 10 (0.66%) COBIT
9 10 (0.66%) MiFID
10 6 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
10 6 (0.40%) IFRS
11 5 (0.33%) IFRS 9
12 4 (0.27%) GRC
12 4 (0.27%) GxP
12 4 (0.27%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.27%) NCSC
13 3 (0.20%) SOC 2
System Software
1 142 (9.42%) Docker
2 81 (5.37%) Active Directory
3 60 (3.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (1.53%) XenApp
5 17 (1.13%) VMware NSX
6 11 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 11 (0.73%) HDFS
6 11 (0.73%) vSphere
7 10 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.53%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.46%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 5 (0.33%) vCloud
11 3 (0.20%) GlusterFS
11 3 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.20%) Snort
11 3 (0.20%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 3 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.13%) EMC RecoverPoint
12 2 (0.13%) Sendmail
12 2 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 162 (10.75%) Kubernetes
2 68 (4.51%) Ansible
3 56 (3.72%) Terraform
4 31 (2.06%) Prometheus
5 18 (1.19%) vRealize Orchestrator
6 17 (1.13%) SCCM
7 15 (1.00%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 15 (1.00%) MIIS
8 14 (0.93%) Puppet
9 12 (0.80%) Kibana
9 12 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
10 11 (0.73%) Grafana
10 11 (0.73%) Istio
10 11 (0.73%) logstash
10 11 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.73%) StackStorm
10 11 (0.73%) vCenter Server
11 10 (0.66%) Consul
11 10 (0.66%) WSUS
12 9 (0.60%) Rancher
Vendors
1 213 (14.13%) Microsoft
2 122 (8.10%) Oracle
3 96 (6.37%) Google
4 70 (4.64%) VMware
5 54 (3.58%) SAP
5 54 (3.58%) Splunk
6 49 (3.25%) Databricks
7 46 (3.05%) Cisco
8 36 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
9 31 (2.06%) Citrix
10 23 (1.53%) IBM
11 20 (1.33%) ION Trading
12 17 (1.13%) Red Hat
13 15 (1.00%) Adobe
13 15 (1.00%) Apple
13 15 (1.00%) ESRI
13 15 (1.00%) MuleSoft
14 14 (0.93%) Atlassian
15 12 (0.80%) Fortinet
15 12 (0.80%) Telerik