Period
to 16 December 2018

The median annual salary for a Programmer was £45,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 600 557 409
Rank change year-on-year -43 -148 -111
Permanent jobs requiring a Programmer 607 843 1,401
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.47% 0.76%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.40% 0.49% 0.78%
Number of salaries quoted 516 692 1,242
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £67,500 £73,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.25% - -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 151,574 171,119 178,936
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.83% 96.04% 96.59%
Number of salaries quoted 121,434 137,686 149,372
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Programmer.

Salary trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -46 559 £45,000 - 206
UK excluding London -34 385 £40,500 +1.25% 188
London -45 207 £55,000 -15.38% 28
South East -57 103 £50,000 +25.00% 25
North of England +11 88 £37,250 -3.25% 49
East of England +27 85 £47,000 +1.62% 25
Yorkshire +22 49 £37,500 -2.60% 17
Midlands -14 45 £37,500 +7.14% 54
North West +4 35 £36,000 -15.29% 29
South West +16 31 £36,404 -14.34% 26
East Midlands +34 28 £37,500 -6.25% 25
Scotland -12 20 £46,500 +3.33% 4
West Midlands -5 17 £32,500 -7.14% 28
Wales +12 13 £33,173 -17.07% 3
North East +5 4 £35,000 +40.00% 3

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, Programmer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 237 (39.04%) SQL
2 222 (36.57%) JavaScript
3 221 (36.41%) Java
4 199 (32.78%) Agile Software Development
5 165 (27.18%) C#
6 143 (23.56%) HTML
7 137 (22.57%) .NET
8 129 (21.25%) CSS
9 128 (21.09%) Software Engineering
10 108 (17.79%) Finance
11 102 (16.80%) Degree
12 99 (16.31%) SQL Server
13 97 (15.98%) C++
14 90 (14.83%) AngularJS
15 87 (14.33%) Microsoft
16 83 (13.67%) Web Services
17 81 (13.34%) MVC
18 75 (12.36%) ASP.NET
19 74 (12.19%) Python
20 71 (11.70%) Problem-Solving
21 68 (11.20%) Relational Database
22 67 (11.04%) Git (software)
23 65 (10.71%) OO
24 62 (10.21%) Oracle
25 60 (9.88%) XML
25 60 (9.88%) SDLC
26 59 (9.72%) Linux
27 58 (9.56%) Scrum
27 58 (9.56%) Spring
28 56 (9.23%) TDD

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (4.12%) IIS
2 18 (2.97%) Elasticsearch
2 18 (2.97%) SAS
3 16 (2.64%) Apache
4 14 (2.31%) Tomcat
5 13 (2.14%) nginx
6 12 (1.98%) CMS
7 8 (1.32%) SharePoint
8 7 (1.15%) Confluence
8 7 (1.15%) WordPress
9 5 (0.82%) Umbraco
10 4 (0.66%) Alfresco
10 4 (0.66%) CICS
10 4 (0.66%) Ethereum
10 4 (0.66%) Kentico
10 4 (0.66%) OpenStack
10 4 (0.66%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.49%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.33%) Joomla!
Applications
1 13 (2.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.65%) Simulink
3 7 (1.15%) SPSS
4 3 (0.49%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.33%) EngageOne
5 2 (0.33%) PrintSoft PReS
6 1 (0.16%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 8 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.99%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.66%) SAP Business One
3 4 (0.66%) Shopify
4 2 (0.33%) Exstream
4 2 (0.33%) Magento
5 1 (0.16%) PlanetPress Connect
5 1 (0.16%) Sage X3
5 1 (0.16%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 55 (9.06%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (4.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (1.98%) Dynamics 365
3 12 (1.98%) Google Cloud Platform
4 11 (1.81%) GitHub
5 4 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
5 4 (0.66%) Google Analytics
5 4 (0.66%) iPaaS
5 4 (0.66%) Sage Pay
6 3 (0.49%) Office 365
6 3 (0.49%) SaaS
7 2 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
7 2 (0.33%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (0.33%) Boomi
7 2 (0.33%) npm
8 1 (0.16%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.16%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.16%) IaaS
8 1 (0.16%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 21 (3.46%) Internet
2 8 (1.32%) DNS
2 8 (1.32%) SSH
3 7 (1.15%) HTTP
4 6 (0.99%) ATM
4 6 (0.99%) Intranet
5 4 (0.66%) DVB
5 4 (0.66%) SMS
6 2 (0.33%) Broadband
7 1 (0.16%) CDMA
7 1 (0.16%) GSM
7 1 (0.16%) LTE
7 1 (0.16%) MQTT
7 1 (0.16%) Network Security
7 1 (0.16%) UMTS
7 1 (0.16%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (16.31%) SQL Server
2 68 (11.20%) Relational Database
3 40 (6.59%) MySQL
4 36 (5.93%) NoSQL
5 20 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 20 (3.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 19 (3.13%) Crystal Reports
7 17 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
8 16 (2.64%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (2.31%) Big Data
10 13 (2.14%) MongoDB
10 13 (2.14%) Oracle Database
11 12 (1.98%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.81%) SQL Server 2014
13 10 (1.65%) Redis
14 9 (1.48%) Bigtable
14 9 (1.48%) BusinessObjects
14 9 (1.48%) Hadoop
14 9 (1.48%) SQL Server 2012
15 8 (1.32%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 67 (11.04%) Git (software)
2 47 (7.74%) Visual Studio
3 25 (4.12%) Subversion
4 23 (3.79%) Team Foundation Server
5 22 (3.62%) Maven
6 20 (3.29%) Jenkins
7 19 (3.13%) JIRA
8 18 (2.97%) Eclipse
9 15 (2.47%) Gradle
10 13 (2.14%) Vagrant
11 12 (1.98%) TeamCity
12 10 (1.65%) JUnit
12 10 (1.65%) Selenium
13 8 (1.32%) Ant
13 8 (1.32%) Cucumber
14 7 (1.15%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 7 (1.15%) Visual Studio Team System
14 7 (1.15%) webpack
15 6 (0.99%) Xcode
16 5 (0.82%) GitLab
General
1 108 (17.79%) Finance
2 36 (5.93%) Games
3 28 (4.61%) Banking
4 25 (4.12%) Retail
5 24 (3.95%) Telecoms
6 23 (3.79%) Billing
7 18 (2.97%) Pharmaceutical
8 12 (1.98%) Manufacturing
9 9 (1.48%) Marketing
10 8 (1.32%) Legal
11 7 (1.15%) Advertising
12 6 (0.99%) Investment Banking
13 5 (0.82%) Back Office
13 5 (0.82%) Front Office
14 2 (0.33%) General Ledger
15 1 (0.16%) Military
15 1 (0.16%) Music Industry
15 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 143 (23.56%) HTML
2 137 (22.57%) .NET
3 129 (21.25%) CSS
4 90 (14.83%) AngularJS
5 83 (13.67%) Web Services
6 75 (12.36%) ASP.NET
7 60 (9.88%) XML
8 58 (9.56%) Spring
9 46 (7.58%) REST
10 44 (7.25%) React
11 42 (6.92%) ASP.NET MVC
12 39 (6.43%) jQuery
13 37 (6.10%) .NET Framework
13 37 (6.10%) SOAP
14 36 (5.93%) RESTful
15 28 (4.61%) Node.js
16 27 (4.45%) HTML5
17 26 (4.28%) JSON
18 19 (3.13%) Ajax
19 18 (2.97%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 49 (8.07%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (4.45%) Algorithms
3 22 (3.62%) Greenfield Project
4 19 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (2.97%) AS400
5 18 (2.97%) User Experience
6 16 (2.64%) Mobile App
6 16 (2.64%) NHS
7 14 (2.31%) Data Centre
8 13 (2.14%) Data Structures
8 13 (2.14%) Derivative
8 13 (2.14%) Smartphone
9 11 (1.81%) Fintech
10 10 (1.65%) EPoS
11 9 (1.48%) Internet of Things
12 8 (1.32%) Mainframe
13 7 (1.15%) Client/Server
13 7 (1.15%) iSeries
13 7 (1.15%) Life Science
13 7 (1.15%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 59 (9.72%) Linux
2 39 (6.43%) Windows
3 25 (4.12%) Android
4 23 (3.79%) Unix
5 16 (2.64%) Apple iOS
6 15 (2.47%) zOS
7 9 (1.48%) CentOS
8 8 (1.32%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.49%) AIX
10 2 (0.33%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.16%) Debian
11 1 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.16%) tvOS
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 199 (32.78%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (21.09%) Software Engineering
3 81 (13.34%) MVC
4 71 (11.70%) Problem-Solving
5 65 (10.71%) OO
6 60 (9.88%) SDLC
7 58 (9.56%) Scrum
8 56 (9.23%) TDD
9 52 (8.57%) Computer Science
9 52 (8.57%) Continuous Integration
10 51 (8.40%) Web Development
11 46 (7.58%) Mathematics
12 34 (5.60%) Project Management
13 33 (5.44%) DevOps
14 29 (4.78%) Test Automation
15 28 (4.61%) Analytics
15 28 (4.61%) E-Commerce
16 27 (4.45%) ERP
16 27 (4.45%) Microservices
17 25 (4.12%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 237 (39.04%) SQL
2 222 (36.57%) JavaScript
3 221 (36.41%) Java
4 165 (27.18%) C#
5 97 (15.98%) C++
6 74 (12.19%) Python
7 47 (7.74%) T-SQL
8 44 (7.25%) PHP
9 39 (6.43%) PL/SQL
10 27 (4.45%) C
11 25 (4.12%) Java 8
12 23 (3.79%) VB.NET
13 20 (3.29%) Kotlin
14 19 (3.13%) RPG
14 19 (3.13%) Scala
15 17 (2.80%) Perl
16 15 (2.47%) RPG IV
16 15 (2.47%) TypeScript
17 14 (2.31%) Ruby
18 12 (1.98%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 102 (16.80%) Degree
2 28 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.81%) PhD
4 9 (1.48%) Security Cleared
5 7 (1.15%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
7 5 (0.82%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.33%) ISEB
8 2 (0.33%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.16%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.16%) HND
9 1 (0.16%) SAS Certification
9 1 (0.16%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.16%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.47%) QA
2 12 (1.98%) PMO
3 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.33%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 29 (4.78%) Docker
2 6 (0.99%) Time Sharing Option
3 3 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.16%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.16%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 11 (1.81%) Ansible
2 10 (1.65%) Terraform
3 9 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
3 9 (1.48%) Puppet
4 8 (1.32%) Salt
5 6 (0.99%) Kubernetes
6 4 (0.66%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 2 (0.33%) OMEGAMON
Vendors
1 87 (14.33%) Microsoft
2 62 (10.21%) Oracle
3 26 (4.28%) IBM
4 21 (3.46%) Google
5 10 (1.65%) Tableau
6 9 (1.48%) Red Hat
7 8 (1.32%) VMware
8 7 (1.15%) Guidewire
9 6 (0.99%) CA
10 5 (0.82%) SAP
10 5 (0.82%) Sitecore
10 5 (0.82%) Zend
11 4 (0.66%) Askia
11 4 (0.66%) Facebook
11 4 (0.66%) Nebu
11 4 (0.66%) WorldPay
12 3 (0.49%) Adobe
12 3 (0.49%) Borland
13 2 (0.33%) Confirmit
13 2 (0.33%) DocuSign