Period
to 17 May 2021

The median annual salary for a Programmer was £57,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
17 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 415 549 604
Rank change year-on-year +134 +55 +23
Permanent jobs requiring a Programmer 603 412 592
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.67% 0.43% 0.41%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.72% 0.45% 0.42%
Number of salaries quoted 208 376 536
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,501
25th Percentile £38,688 £37,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £102,500 £62,813 £60,000
90th Percentile £132,500 £88,750 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £45,000 £44,400
% change year-on-year -11.11% +1.35% -1.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 83,668 91,748 139,751
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.76% 95.32% 96.02%
Number of salaries quoted 63,821 74,597 112,237
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Salary trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 374 £57,500 +9.52% 78
UK excluding London +27 233 £40,000 -11.11% 69
Work from Home -14 203 £41,250 -25.00% 16
London +46 145 £95,000 +46.15% 12
South East +6 76 £39,000 -22.00% 14
East of England +68 74 £50,000 +17.65% 8
North of England -6 33 £42,500 -19.05% 17
Midlands -4 25 £41,500 +3.75% 15
North West +5 18 £45,000 -14.29% 9
West Midlands +11 17 £43,000 -9.47% 10
Yorkshire - 13 £42,500 - 6
South West -38 11 £38,000 +5.78% 12
Scotland -22 9 £60,000 +65.54% 2
East Midlands -11 6 £37,500 -6.25% 5
Wales +25 5 £60,000 +20.00% 1
North East -1 2 £37,250 +6.43% 2

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 May 2021, Programmer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 318 (52.74%) SAS
2 203 (33.67%) Pharmaceutical
3 202 (33.50%) Degree
4 197 (32.67%) Social Skills
5 194 (32.17%) SQL
6 181 (30.02%) CDISC
7 167 (27.69%) Statistics
8 164 (27.20%) Data Management
9 150 (24.88%) Computer Science
10 146 (24.21%) Mathematics
11 145 (24.05%) Finance
12 135 (22.39%) Agile Software Development
13 121 (20.07%) Validation
14 116 (19.24%) Problem-Solving
15 111 (18.41%) Software Engineering
16 107 (17.74%) Python
17 105 (17.41%) Oracle
18 102 (16.92%) SQL Server
19 99 (16.42%) Analytical Skills
20 96 (15.92%) Java
21 92 (15.26%) Life Science
21 92 (15.26%) Microservices
22 89 (14.76%) AWS
23 86 (14.26%) Biostatistics
24 83 (13.76%) Relational Database
25 80 (13.27%) Analytics
25 80 (13.27%) MySQL
26 79 (13.10%) Project Management
27 78 (12.94%) R
28 77 (12.77%) .NET

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 318 (52.74%) SAS
2 11 (1.82%) Apache
3 8 (1.33%) Oracle Workflow
4 7 (1.16%) Apache Spark
5 6 (1.00%) Jupyter
6 5 (0.83%) Mendix
6 5 (0.83%) OpenEdge
7 4 (0.66%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.33%) CICS
8 2 (0.33%) CMS
8 2 (0.33%) Drupal
8 2 (0.33%) Joomla!
8 2 (0.33%) WordPress
9 1 (0.17%) IIS
9 1 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 37 (6.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (2.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 12 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (1.00%) SPSS
5 4 (0.66%) Adobe XD
5 4 (0.66%) Figma
5 4 (0.66%) Sketch
6 2 (0.33%) Maya
6 2 (0.33%) S-PLUS
6 2 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.17%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 10 (1.66%) BambooHR
2 8 (1.33%) Sage 1000
3 2 (0.33%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 89 (14.76%) AWS
2 76 (12.60%) AWS Lambda
2 76 (12.60%) Serverless
3 68 (11.28%) Amazon EC2
3 68 (11.28%) Amazon ECS
4 15 (2.49%) GitHub
5 13 (2.16%) GCP
6 10 (1.66%) Power Platform
7 8 (1.33%) Azure
8 6 (1.00%) Amazon EMR
8 6 (1.00%) Amazon SageMaker
9 4 (0.66%) Bitrise
9 4 (0.66%) Firebase
9 4 (0.66%) Google Analytics
9 4 (0.66%) ShareGate
10 3 (0.50%) Veeva
11 2 (0.33%) Azure Service Fabric
11 2 (0.33%) SaaS
12 1 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 1 (0.17%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.66%) Intranet
2 2 (0.33%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (16.92%) SQL Server
2 83 (13.76%) Relational Database
3 80 (13.27%) MySQL
4 74 (12.27%) PostgreSQL
5 69 (11.44%) RDBMS
6 68 (11.28%) Amazon Aurora
7 40 (6.63%) Base SAS
8 19 (3.15%) Spotfire
9 9 (1.49%) NoSQL
9 9 (1.49%) Oracle Reports
9 9 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 9 (1.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 8 (1.33%) Oracle Database
11 7 (1.16%) Crystal Reports
11 7 (1.16%) Electronic Patient Records
11 7 (1.16%) MongoDB
12 6 (1.00%) Data Mining
12 6 (1.00%) DB2
12 6 (1.00%) MS Access
12 6 (1.00%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 10 (1.66%) Git (software)
2 8 (1.33%) Oracle Forms
3 7 (1.16%) Oracle APEX
4 4 (0.66%) CircleCI
4 4 (0.66%) Crashlytics
4 4 (0.66%) fastlane
4 4 (0.66%) Jenkins
4 4 (0.66%) Travis CI
4 4 (0.66%) Visual Studio
5 3 (0.50%) ProC
6 2 (0.33%) PhpStorm
6 2 (0.33%) Selenium
6 2 (0.33%) Subversion
6 2 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
6 2 (0.33%) TeamCity
7 1 (0.17%) Cucumber
7 1 (0.17%) SpecFlow
General
1 203 (33.67%) Pharmaceutical
2 197 (32.67%) Social Skills
3 145 (24.05%) Finance
4 99 (16.42%) Analytical Skills
5 77 (12.77%) Banking
6 53 (8.79%) Games
7 28 (4.64%) Organisational Skills
8 20 (3.32%) Presentation Skills
9 13 (2.16%) Marketing
10 12 (1.99%) Influencing Skills
10 12 (1.99%) Social Science
11 11 (1.82%) Law
12 10 (1.66%) Czech Language
12 10 (1.66%) Retail
13 5 (0.83%) Italian Language
14 3 (0.50%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.50%) French Language
14 3 (0.50%) Front Office
14 3 (0.50%) German Language
14 3 (0.50%) Public Sector
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (12.77%) .NET
2 74 (12.27%) Web Services
3 69 (11.44%) gRPC
4 61 (10.12%) HTML
5 48 (7.96%) XML
6 47 (7.79%) CSS
7 34 (5.64%) J2EE
8 32 (5.31%) ASP.NET
9 30 (4.98%) REST
10 22 (3.65%) .NET Framework
11 18 (2.99%) Unity (Game Engine)
12 17 (2.82%) Unreal Engine
13 15 (2.49%) jQuery
14 12 (1.99%) .NET Core
15 11 (1.82%) Flask
15 11 (1.82%) ODBC
15 11 (1.82%) SOAP
15 11 (1.82%) Twisted
15 11 (1.82%) WebSockets
16 9 (1.49%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 92 (15.26%) Life Science
2 74 (12.27%) Hedge funds
3 71 (11.77%) Pricing Data
4 62 (10.28%) Biotechnology
5 38 (6.30%) Self-Motivation
6 34 (5.64%) Mobile App
7 25 (4.15%) Algorithms
8 17 (2.82%) User Experience
9 15 (2.49%) Data Structures
10 13 (2.16%) Virtual Team
11 9 (1.49%) Pharmacovigilance
11 9 (1.49%) Social Media
12 7 (1.16%) Driving Licence
12 7 (1.16%) Reinsurance
12 7 (1.16%) Xbox
13 6 (1.00%) Animation
14 4 (0.66%) AS400
14 4 (0.66%) iSeries
14 4 (0.66%) Mainframe
14 4 (0.66%) Mobile Games
Operating Systems
1 24 (3.98%) Linux
2 23 (3.81%) Windows
3 20 (3.32%) Android
4 19 (3.15%) Apple iOS
5 8 (1.33%) Unix
6 4 (0.66%) zOS
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 167 (27.69%) Statistics
2 164 (27.20%) Data Management
3 150 (24.88%) Computer Science
4 146 (24.21%) Mathematics
5 135 (22.39%) Agile Software Development
6 121 (20.07%) Validation
7 116 (19.24%) Problem-Solving
8 111 (18.41%) Software Engineering
9 92 (15.26%) Microservices
10 86 (14.26%) Biostatistics
11 80 (13.27%) Analytics
12 79 (13.10%) Project Management
13 77 (12.77%) Project Delivery
14 73 (12.11%) Mentoring
15 71 (11.77%) Investment Management
16 69 (11.44%) Asset Management
17 68 (11.28%) Enterprise Data Management
18 58 (9.62%) Data Integration
19 57 (9.45%) Statistical Analysis
20 54 (8.96%) Biometrics
Programming Languages
1 194 (32.17%) SQL
2 107 (17.74%) Python
3 96 (15.92%) Java
4 78 (12.94%) R
5 69 (11.44%) C#
6 63 (10.45%) JavaScript
7 49 (8.13%) SAS Macro
8 34 (5.64%) VB
9 31 (5.14%) PL/SQL
10 30 (4.98%) C++
11 21 (3.48%) VB.NET
12 19 (3.15%) C
13 12 (1.99%) Bash Shell
14 11 (1.82%) RPG
15 9 (1.49%) T-SQL
16 8 (1.33%) VB6
17 7 (1.16%) RPG IV
18 6 (1.00%) PL/1
19 5 (0.83%) Kotlin
19 5 (0.83%) PHP
Qualifications
1 202 (33.50%) Degree
2 58 (9.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 25 (4.15%) Master's Degree
4 24 (3.98%) Numerate Degree
5 13 (2.16%) PhD
6 1 (0.17%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.17%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.17%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 181 (30.02%) CDISC
2 60 (9.95%) Good Clinical Practice
3 49 (8.13%) QA
4 23 (3.81%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 10 (1.66%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.33%) GxP
System Software
1 17 (2.82%) Docker
2 2 (0.33%) Firmware
2 2 (0.33%) RACF
2 2 (0.33%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 7 (1.16%) Kubernetes
2 2 (0.33%) Tivoli NetView
2 2 (0.33%) zSecure
Vendors
1 105 (17.41%) Oracle
2 68 (11.28%) Sybase
3 47 (7.79%) Microsoft
4 33 (5.47%) Facebook
5 20 (3.32%) YouTube
6 18 (2.99%) SAP
7 13 (2.16%) Instagram
8 11 (1.82%) Google
9 9 (1.49%) IBM
9 9 (1.49%) Xceptor
10 5 (0.83%) Adobe
11 4 (0.66%) LANSA
11 4 (0.66%) Teradata
12 2 (0.33%) Apple
12 2 (0.33%) Guidewire
13 1 (0.17%) DevExpress
13 1 (0.17%) Pinterest
13 1 (0.17%) Progress