Period
to 28 November 2021

The median annual salary for a Programmer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
28 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 394 574 575
Rank change year-on-year +180 +1 +61
Permanent jobs requiring a Programmer 1,020 161 586
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.30% 0.43%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.87% 0.31% 0.45%
Number of salaries quoted 199 138 523
10th Percentile £36,750 £30,875 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £36,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £47,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £68,750 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £132,500 £90,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £44,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% -4.49% +7.23%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 116,817 51,552 129,423
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.26% 95.11% 95.64%
Number of salaries quoted 80,997 43,381 104,935
10th Percentile £32,000 £32,250 £28,250
25th Percentile £42,363 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Salary trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 28 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 559 £55,000 +15.79% 85
Work from Home +58 436 £50,000 -9.09% 15
UK excluding London +11 360 £45,000 +5.88% 62
London -119 203 £60,000 -15.79% 23
South East -67 121 £57,500 +35.29% 15
East of England -5 112 £62,500 -10.71% 6
Midlands -63 61 £50,000 +17.65% 19
West Midlands -58 53 £50,000 +17.65% 14
North of England -77 50 £45,000 +28.57% 10
North West -84 26 £45,000 +28.57% 4
Yorkshire -75 24 - - 4
Scotland -61 12 £33,500 -8.84% 1
East Midlands -56 8 - - 5
South West -69 2 £67,500 +92.86% 11
Channel Islands - 2 - -

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 November 2021, Programmer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 670 (65.69%) SAS
2 450 (44.12%) Degree
3 445 (43.63%) Social Skills
4 378 (37.06%) Pharmaceutical
5 377 (36.96%) Computer Science
6 332 (32.55%) Biostatistics
7 315 (30.88%) Statistics
8 309 (30.29%) Mathematics
9 284 (27.84%) CDISC
10 278 (27.25%) Mentoring
11 240 (23.53%) Data Management
11 240 (23.53%) Validation
12 234 (22.94%) Problem-Solving
13 187 (18.33%) Project Management
14 183 (17.94%) Statistical Analysis
15 176 (17.25%) Life Science
16 175 (17.16%) Analytics
17 163 (15.98%) SQL
18 155 (15.20%) Computer Science Degree
19 152 (14.90%) R
20 148 (14.51%) Finance
20 148 (14.51%) Agile Software Development
21 146 (14.31%) Analytical Skills
22 124 (12.16%) Good Clinical Practice
23 113 (11.08%) C#
24 110 (10.78%) Biotechnology
25 106 (10.39%) Data Science
26 102 (10.00%) C++
27 91 (8.92%) SAS Macro
27 91 (8.92%) Master's Degree

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 670 (65.69%) SAS
2 33 (3.24%) Oracle Workflow
3 14 (1.37%) Mendix
4 9 (0.88%) WebSphere
5 8 (0.78%) SharePoint
6 4 (0.39%) Apache Spark
6 4 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.20%) CICS
7 2 (0.20%) CMS
7 2 (0.20%) JCAPS
7 2 (0.20%) Jupyter
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.20%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.098%) Drupal
8 1 (0.098%) WordPress
Applications
1 54 (5.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (4.61%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (4.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (1.37%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.59%) S-PLUS
6 1 (0.098%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.098%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.098%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (0.78%) PRMS
2 1 (0.098%) JDE EnterpriseOne
Cloud Services
1 43 (4.22%) AWS
2 24 (2.35%) Azure
3 13 (1.27%) GCP
4 7 (0.69%) PaaS
4 7 (0.69%) Serverless
5 6 (0.59%) npm
5 6 (0.59%) SaaS
6 5 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 5 (0.49%) Amazon Cognito
6 5 (0.49%) Amazon Kinesis
6 5 (0.49%) Amazon S3
6 5 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
6 5 (0.49%) Microsoft 365
7 4 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (0.39%) GitHub
8 2 (0.20%) Amazon EMR
8 2 (0.20%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.20%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.20%) OpenShift
8 2 (0.20%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.18%) FTP
2 4 (0.39%) SSH
3 3 (0.29%) HTTP
4 2 (0.20%) SMTP
4 2 (0.20%) SSL
5 1 (0.098%) Firewall
5 1 (0.098%) OSPF
5 1 (0.098%) Skype
5 1 (0.098%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (8.33%) Base SAS
2 69 (6.76%) Spotfire
3 43 (4.22%) Relational Database
4 40 (3.92%) Oracle Reports
5 28 (2.75%) SQL Server
6 25 (2.45%) DTS
7 21 (2.06%) Metadata
8 19 (1.86%) RDBMS
9 17 (1.67%) Crystal Reports
10 15 (1.47%) MySQL
10 15 (1.47%) Oracle Database
11 12 (1.18%) DB2
12 9 (0.88%) NoSQL
13 8 (0.78%) Azure SQL Database
13 8 (0.78%) Big Data
13 8 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
14 6 (0.59%) MS Access
15 5 (0.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 5 (0.49%) Amazon RDS
15 5 (0.49%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 34 (3.33%) Oracle Forms
2 10 (0.98%) Git (software)
3 9 (0.88%) PowerBuilder
4 6 (0.59%) Subversion
4 6 (0.59%) webpack
5 5 (0.49%) Storybook
6 4 (0.39%) Jenkins
6 4 (0.39%) Postman
7 2 (0.20%) JUnit
7 2 (0.20%) Maven
7 2 (0.20%) Rational Rhapsody
8 1 (0.098%) Babel
8 1 (0.098%) Oracle APEX
8 1 (0.098%) Visual Studio
8 1 (0.098%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 445 (43.63%) Social Skills
2 378 (37.06%) Pharmaceutical
3 148 (14.51%) Finance
4 146 (14.31%) Analytical Skills
5 74 (7.25%) Games
6 41 (4.02%) Presentation Skills
7 26 (2.55%) Manufacturing
8 22 (2.16%) Influencing Skills
9 20 (1.96%) Banking
10 19 (1.86%) Organisational Skills
11 13 (1.27%) Billing
12 10 (0.98%) Back Office
12 10 (0.98%) Marketing
12 10 (0.98%) Prime Brokerage
13 9 (0.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 8 (0.78%) Social Science
15 5 (0.49%) Wearables
16 4 (0.39%) Front Office
16 4 (0.39%) Investment Banking
17 3 (0.29%) Public Sector
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (6.57%) .NET
2 56 (5.49%) XML
3 40 (3.92%) Middleware
4 35 (3.43%) HTML
5 33 (3.24%) CSS
6 29 (2.84%) REST
7 27 (2.65%) TensorFlow
8 20 (1.96%) .NET Core
9 19 (1.86%) HTML5
9 19 (1.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 18 (1.76%) .NET Framework
10 18 (1.76%) SciPy
11 16 (1.57%) ASP.NET
11 16 (1.57%) Unity (Game Engine)
12 15 (1.47%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 15 (1.47%) PyTorch
12 15 (1.47%) STL
13 14 (1.37%) CSS3
13 14 (1.37%) jQuery
13 14 (1.37%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 176 (17.25%) Life Science
2 110 (10.78%) Biotechnology
3 79 (7.75%) Data Structures
4 61 (5.98%) Algorithms
5 42 (4.12%) Hedge funds
6 40 (3.92%) Management Information System
7 25 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 24 (2.35%) iSeries
9 23 (2.25%) Reinsurance
9 23 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
10 19 (1.86%) Equities
11 18 (1.76%) Legacy Systems
12 16 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
13 15 (1.47%) Animation
14 14 (1.37%) Social Media
15 11 (1.08%) AS400
16 10 (0.98%) Replication
17 9 (0.88%) Fixed Income
18 7 (0.69%) Client/Server
19 6 (0.59%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 13 (1.27%) Unix
2 12 (1.18%) Windows
3 7 (0.69%) Linux
4 5 (0.49%) Android
4 5 (0.49%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.29%) zOS
6 2 (0.20%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 377 (36.96%) Computer Science
2 332 (32.55%) Biostatistics
3 315 (30.88%) Statistics
4 309 (30.29%) Mathematics
5 278 (27.25%) Mentoring
6 240 (23.53%) Data Management
6 240 (23.53%) Validation
7 234 (22.94%) Problem-Solving
8 187 (18.33%) Project Management
9 183 (17.94%) Statistical Analysis
10 175 (17.16%) Analytics
11 148 (14.51%) Agile Software Development
12 106 (10.39%) Data Science
13 89 (8.73%) Biometrics
14 85 (8.33%) OO
14 85 (8.33%) Time Management
15 76 (7.45%) Bioinformatics
16 72 (7.06%) Business Development
17 69 (6.76%) Software Engineering
18 59 (5.78%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 163 (15.98%) SQL
2 152 (14.90%) R
3 113 (11.08%) C#
4 102 (10.00%) C++
5 91 (8.92%) SAS Macro
6 81 (7.94%) Python
7 67 (6.57%) Java
8 60 (5.88%) PL/SQL
9 57 (5.59%) JavaScript
10 45 (4.41%) VB
11 42 (4.12%) C
12 37 (3.63%) RPG
13 21 (2.06%) RPG IV
14 19 (1.86%) VBA
15 17 (1.67%) TypeScript
16 15 (1.47%) Scala
17 13 (1.27%) RPG/400
18 11 (1.08%) Groovy
18 11 (1.08%) PHP
19 5 (0.49%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 450 (44.12%) Degree
2 155 (15.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 91 (8.92%) Master's Degree
4 45 (4.41%) PhD
5 35 (3.43%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.20%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.098%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.098%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 284 (27.84%) CDISC
2 124 (12.16%) Good Clinical Practice
3 58 (5.69%) 21 CFR Part 11
4 36 (3.53%) QA
5 35 (3.43%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.20%) HL7
7 1 (0.098%) GDPR
7 1 (0.098%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.098%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 18 (1.76%) Docker
2 4 (0.39%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.20%) ACF2
3 2 (0.20%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 2 (0.20%) RACF
Systems Management
1 14 (1.37%) Kubernetes
2 4 (0.39%) Ansible
3 2 (0.20%) Control-M
3 2 (0.20%) Oozie
3 2 (0.20%) Terraform
Vendors
1 84 (8.24%) Microsoft
2 71 (6.96%) Oracle
3 64 (6.27%) Facebook
4 51 (5.00%) YouTube
5 33 (3.24%) SAP
6 16 (1.57%) IBM
7 9 (0.88%) Bloomberg
7 9 (0.88%) FactSet
8 5 (0.49%) Capita
8 5 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.39%) Google
9 4 (0.39%) Minitab
9 4 (0.39%) Zend
10 2 (0.20%) BMC
10 2 (0.20%) CA
10 2 (0.20%) Informatica
10 2 (0.20%) Kofax
10 2 (0.20%) Netezza
10 2 (0.20%) Serena
10 2 (0.20%) Teradata