Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 47 48
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,645 3,223 4,565
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.06% 4.42% 4.59%
As % of the Qualifications category 17.70% 20.71% 23.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,139 1,935 2,680
Median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £225 £250 £265
90th Percentile £650 £671 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £425 £425
% change year-on-year -0.47% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 129 216 236
Median hourly rate £37.83 £43.75 £37.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.54% +16.60% +25.07%
10th Percentile £17.49 £15.75 £15.02
90th Percentile £57.75 £58.75 £52.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -9.94% +6.88% +21.21%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,293 15,563 19,102
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.94% 21.36% 19.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,072 10,043 11,701
Median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £278 £256 £256
90th Percentile £648 £644 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 491 663 858
Median hourly rate £40.00 £34.00 £26.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.65% +29.73% +19.04%
10th Percentile £15.04 £14.25 £12.55
90th Percentile £64.50 £57.50 £51.00
Median hourly rate £37.91 £30.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year +26.38% +13.21% +7.90%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1,449 £475 +5.56% 1,772
UK excluding London +5 739 £423 -0.47% 1,323
London -8 736 £475 -5.00% 584
Work from Home -23 323 £450 +4.65% 273
South East +15 270 £431 +1.47% 352
North of England +12 146 £475 +11.76% 271
North West +21 91 £463 +8.82% 148
Midlands +21 89 £350 -19.08% 189
South West +18 84 £446 -0.86% 174
East of England -21 68 £493 +23.13% 197
Scotland -8 53 £350 -6.67% 84
Yorkshire +14 47 £500 +25.00% 83
West Midlands +20 44 £375 -16.67% 110
East Midlands +18 41 £318 -22.50% 78
Wales +25 18 £192 -33.68% 39
Northern Ireland +1 13 £350 +100.00% 21
North East -14 8 £425 -3.41% 41

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 565 (34.35%) Computer Science
2 504 (30.64%) Agile Software Development
3 356 (21.64%) Finance
4 319 (19.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 285 (17.33%) Python
6 277 (16.84%) Java
7 259 (15.74%) Analytical Skills
8 258 (15.68%) Microsoft
8 258 (15.68%) Problem-Solving
9 222 (13.50%) SQL
10 219 (13.31%) JavaScript
10 219 (13.31%) Project Management
11 213 (12.95%) Software Engineering
12 189 (11.49%) Mathematics
13 183 (11.12%) Azure
14 177 (10.76%) User Experience
15 173 (10.52%) AWS
16 157 (9.54%) Marketing
17 155 (9.42%) Linux
18 151 (9.18%) Security Cleared
19 150 (9.12%) Windows
20 149 (9.06%) HTML
20 149 (9.06%) Scrum
21 146 (8.88%) Change Management
22 137 (8.33%) Banking
23 135 (8.21%) DevOps
24 133 (8.09%) Analytics
25 131 (7.96%) Management Information System
26 130 (7.90%) Public Sector
27 119 (7.23%) C#

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (4.32%) Apache Spark
2 45 (2.74%) SharePoint
3 43 (2.61%) Apache
4 36 (2.19%) Confluence
5 29 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
6 27 (1.64%) IIS
7 19 (1.16%) Tomcat
8 17 (1.03%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.85%) SAS
10 12 (0.73%) Skype for Business
11 11 (0.67%) Red Hat Fuse
11 11 (0.67%) WebLogic
12 10 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 10 (0.61%) CMS
13 9 (0.55%) OpenStack
14 8 (0.49%) MS Exchange
14 8 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.43%) Appian
16 5 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
16 5 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 111 (6.75%) Microsoft Office
2 96 (5.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 51 (3.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (1.52%) MS Visio
5 22 (1.34%) Sketch
6 20 (1.22%) InVision
7 17 (1.03%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.91%) Microsoft Project
9 14 (0.85%) Adobe XD
10 10 (0.61%) Photoshop
11 9 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.30%) UserZoom
13 4 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 4 (0.24%) Figma
13 4 (0.24%) InDesign
13 4 (0.24%) SPSS
13 4 (0.24%) Zeplin
14 3 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
15 2 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
15 2 (0.12%) Maya
Business Applications
1 13 (0.79%) Dynamics AX
2 8 (0.49%) SAP S/4HANA
3 7 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.30%) Lawson
4 5 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.30%) SAP CO
4 5 (0.30%) SAP FI
4 5 (0.30%) SAP FI/CO
5 4 (0.24%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.18%) Summit
7 2 (0.12%) Endur
7 2 (0.12%) SAP APO
7 2 (0.12%) SAP IS-U
7 2 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.12%) SAP PLM
7 2 (0.12%) SAP SD
7 2 (0.12%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 183 (11.12%) Azure
2 173 (10.52%) AWS
3 74 (4.50%) GCP
4 49 (2.98%) Power Platform
5 46 (2.80%) Office 365
6 36 (2.19%) GitHub
7 22 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
8 21 (1.28%) SaaS
9 17 (1.03%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 16 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
10 16 (0.97%) PaaS
11 14 (0.85%) IaaS
12 11 (0.67%) Azure Active Directory
13 10 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
13 10 (0.61%) Serverless
14 9 (0.55%) Amazon EKS
14 9 (0.55%) Boomi
14 9 (0.55%) Google Analytics
15 8 (0.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 7 (0.43%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 46 (2.80%) Firewall
2 40 (2.43%) DNS
3 38 (2.31%) TCP/IP
4 32 (1.95%) WAN
5 31 (1.88%) LAN
6 25 (1.52%) DHCP
7 24 (1.46%) VPN
8 22 (1.34%) Network Security
9 21 (1.28%) Wireless
10 20 (1.22%) Internet
11 19 (1.16%) HTTP
12 18 (1.09%) Ethernet
12 18 (1.09%) VLAN
13 17 (1.03%) Skype
14 15 (0.91%) Radio Access Network
14 15 (0.91%) SMTP
15 14 (0.85%) 3G
15 14 (0.85%) 4G
16 11 (0.67%) BGP
16 11 (0.67%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (5.65%) SQL Server
2 63 (3.83%) Relational Database
3 58 (3.53%) Hadoop
4 56 (3.40%) Big Data
5 45 (2.74%) Power BI
6 41 (2.49%) PostgreSQL
7 38 (2.31%) NoSQL
8 34 (2.07%) Data Warehouse
9 32 (1.95%) MySQL
10 25 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
11 24 (1.46%) Tableau
12 20 (1.22%) MongoDB
13 19 (1.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 18 (1.09%) Apache Hive
15 15 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 14 (0.85%) Apache Cassandra
16 14 (0.85%) RDBMS
17 13 (0.79%) Oracle Database
18 11 (0.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 10 (0.61%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 93 (5.65%) Git (software)
2 69 (4.19%) Jenkins
3 62 (3.77%) JIRA
4 26 (1.58%) Visual Studio
5 23 (1.40%) Maven
6 21 (1.28%) GitLab
7 18 (1.09%) Axure RP
8 17 (1.03%) JUnit
9 15 (0.91%) Gradle
10 13 (0.79%) TeamCity
10 13 (0.79%) webpack
11 12 (0.73%) Ant
11 12 (0.73%) Eclipse
12 11 (0.67%) Balsamiq
12 11 (0.67%) NetBeans
13 10 (0.61%) git-flow
13 10 (0.61%) JMeter
14 9 (0.55%) Mockito
14 9 (0.55%) Selenium
15 7 (0.43%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 356 (21.64%) Finance
2 157 (9.54%) Marketing
3 137 (8.33%) Banking
4 130 (7.90%) Public Sector
5 103 (6.26%) Front Office
6 80 (4.86%) Telecoms
7 59 (3.59%) Investment Banking
8 53 (3.22%) Manufacturing
9 45 (2.74%) Legal
10 36 (2.19%) Retail
11 33 (2.01%) Pharmaceutical
12 21 (1.28%) Electronics
12 21 (1.28%) Military
13 17 (1.03%) Publishing
14 15 (0.91%) Aerospace
15 13 (0.79%) Law
15 13 (0.79%) Local Government
16 12 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 12 (0.73%) Games
16 12 (0.73%) German Language
Job Titles
1 359 (21.82%) Developer
2 202 (12.28%) Analyst
3 110 (6.69%) Designer
4 100 (6.08%) Architect
5 82 (4.98%) Java Developer
6 78 (4.74%) Project Manager
7 72 (4.38%) Consultant
8 61 (3.71%) UI Designer
8 61 (3.71%) UX Designer
9 50 (3.04%) Software Engineer
10 48 (2.92%) Python Developer
11 47 (2.86%) React Developer
12 46 (2.80%) UI/UX Designer
13 44 (2.67%) Business Analyst
14 39 (2.37%) Senior Developer
15 35 (2.13%) Data Scientist
15 35 (2.13%) UI Developer
16 34 (2.07%) Data Analyst
17 33 (2.01%) UX Developer
18 31 (1.88%) UI/UX Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 149 (9.06%) HTML
2 114 (6.93%) CSS
3 106 (6.44%) Web Services
4 99 (6.02%) .NET
5 73 (4.44%) Node.js
6 72 (4.38%) React
7 64 (3.89%) AngularJS
8 62 (3.77%) Spring
9 61 (3.71%) HTML5
10 59 (3.59%) RESTful
11 55 (3.34%) REST
12 42 (2.55%) XML
13 36 (2.19%) Middleware
14 35 (2.13%) Kafka
15 29 (1.76%) jQuery
16 28 (1.70%) Redux
17 27 (1.64%) JSON
18 26 (1.58%) .NET Core
19 25 (1.52%) SOAP
20 24 (1.46%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 259 (15.74%) Analytical Skills
2 177 (10.76%) User Experience
3 131 (7.96%) Management Information System
4 118 (7.17%) Self-Motivation
5 88 (5.35%) Life Science
6 66 (4.01%) Algorithms
7 47 (2.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 35 (2.13%) NHS
9 32 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
10 28 (1.70%) Social Media
11 27 (1.64%) Data Centre
11 27 (1.64%) Data Structures
12 26 (1.58%) Virtual Team
13 25 (1.52%) Hedge funds
14 23 (1.40%) Mobile App
15 21 (1.28%) Animation
15 21 (1.28%) Equities
16 19 (1.16%) Cloud Native
16 19 (1.16%) Derivative
17 16 (0.97%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 155 (9.42%) Linux
2 150 (9.12%) Windows
3 70 (4.26%) Unix
4 38 (2.31%) Android
5 33 (2.01%) Windows Server
6 30 (1.82%) Apple iOS
7 25 (1.52%) Windows 10
8 15 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.79%) Solaris
10 11 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.43%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.36%) CentOS
12 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.30%) VMS
13 5 (0.30%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
14 3 (0.18%) MVS
14 3 (0.18%) SUSE
15 2 (0.12%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 565 (34.35%) Computer Science
2 504 (30.64%) Agile Software Development
3 258 (15.68%) Problem-Solving
4 219 (13.31%) Project Management
5 213 (12.95%) Software Engineering
6 189 (11.49%) Mathematics
7 149 (9.06%) Scrum
8 146 (8.88%) Change Management
9 135 (8.21%) DevOps
10 133 (8.09%) Analytics
11 114 (6.93%) ITIL
12 112 (6.81%) Time Management
13 103 (6.26%) Data Science
13 103 (6.26%) TDD
14 101 (6.14%) Information Security
15 99 (6.02%) SDLC
15 99 (6.02%) Stakeholder Management
16 92 (5.59%) Risk Management
17 88 (5.35%) Decision-Making
18 86 (5.23%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 285 (17.33%) Python
2 277 (16.84%) Java
3 222 (13.50%) SQL
4 219 (13.31%) JavaScript
5 119 (7.23%) C#
6 94 (5.71%) C++
7 59 (3.59%) C
8 58 (3.53%) Scala
9 57 (3.47%) PowerShell
10 47 (2.86%) Kotlin
11 35 (2.13%) R
12 30 (1.82%) Shell Script
13 29 (1.76%) Java 8
13 29 (1.76%) TypeScript
14 27 (1.64%) Bash Shell
15 23 (1.40%) Go
15 23 (1.40%) Perl
16 21 (1.28%) T-SQL
17 20 (1.22%) PL/SQL
18 19 (1.16%) PHP
Qualifications
1 319 (19.39%) Computer Science Degree
2 151 (9.18%) Security Cleared
3 109 (6.63%) Master's Degree
4 97 (5.90%) SC Cleared
5 77 (4.68%) Numerate Degree
6 68 (4.13%) CISSP
7 40 (2.43%) Microsoft Certification
8 35 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
8 35 (2.13%) CISM
9 33 (2.01%) PhD
10 31 (1.88%) PMI Certification
11 29 (1.76%) CISA
12 27 (1.64%) HND
12 27 (1.64%) PMP
13 24 (1.46%) CCNP
13 24 (1.46%) DV Cleared
14 22 (1.34%) CCNA
14 22 (1.34%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 20 (1.22%) MBA
16 18 (1.09%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (4.01%) QA
2 50 (3.04%) SLA
3 46 (2.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 31 (1.88%) GDPR
4 31 (1.88%) NIST
5 26 (1.58%) Data Quality
6 24 (1.46%) PCI DSS
7 19 (1.16%) PMO
8 15 (0.91%) COBIT
9 14 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 12 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.36%) ISO 22301
11 6 (0.36%) ISO 9001
11 6 (0.36%) MiFID
12 5 (0.30%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 5 (0.30%) NIST 800
13 4 (0.24%) IFRS
13 4 (0.24%) NCSC
System Software
1 78 (4.74%) Docker
2 53 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 46 (2.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.09%) Firmware
5 12 (0.73%) vSphere
6 9 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.43%) VMware NSX
8 6 (0.36%) HDFS
8 6 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.18%) DFS Replication
10 3 (0.18%) vCloud
10 3 (0.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.18%) Xen
11 2 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 2 (0.12%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 96 (5.84%) Kubernetes
2 74 (4.50%) Terraform
3 32 (1.95%) Ansible
4 18 (1.09%) Single Sign-On
5 16 (0.97%) SCCM
6 15 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (0.79%) Puppet
8 11 (0.67%) SCOM
9 8 (0.49%) Nagios
9 8 (0.49%) WSUS
10 7 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
10 7 (0.43%) Prometheus
11 6 (0.36%) Tivoli
11 6 (0.36%) vCenter Server
12 5 (0.30%) Grafana
12 5 (0.30%) ITRS Geneos
12 5 (0.30%) Stealthwatch
12 5 (0.30%) Trend Micro Deep Security
12 5 (0.30%) vRealize
12 5 (0.30%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 258 (15.68%) Microsoft
2 95 (5.78%) Oracle
3 63 (3.83%) SAP
4 55 (3.34%) VMware
5 50 (3.04%) Cisco
6 47 (2.86%) Adobe
7 45 (2.74%) Google
8 40 (2.43%) Salesforce.com
9 36 (2.19%) Splunk
10 34 (2.07%) ServiceNow
11 28 (1.70%) IBM
12 22 (1.34%) HP
13 19 (1.16%) Citrix
13 19 (1.16%) Databricks
14 13 (0.79%) Red Hat
15 12 (0.73%) Remedy
16 10 (0.61%) Dell
16 10 (0.61%) SolarWinds
17 9 (0.55%) TIBCO
18 8 (0.49%) McAfee