Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 49 52
Rank change year-on-year -3 +3 -2
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,549 1,292 3,780
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.27% 4.18% 4.44%
As % of the Qualifications category 22.88% 16.83% 22.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,092 782 2,200
10th Percentile £313 £213 £256
25th Percentile £413 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £463
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £628 £556 £575
90th Percentile £725 £660 £673
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +10.47% +1.18% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 68 235
10th Percentile £15.50 £17.79 £14.94
25th Percentile £24.08 £22.00 £21.68
Median hourly rate £43.19 £32.88 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +31.38% -22.65% +17.24%
75th Percentile £54.83 £43.50 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.81 £52.88 £71.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.01 £30.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +46.71% -33.33% +21.62%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,513 7,676 16,962
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.65% 24.86% 19.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,056 5,156 10,762
10th Percentile £313 £290 £260
25th Percentile £413 £387 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £563
90th Percentile £688 £644 £648
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £461 £440
% change year-on-year +2.98% +4.83% +6.02%
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 301 773
10th Percentile £12.30 £15.04 £14.03
25th Percentile £16.22 £20.25 £17.50
Median hourly rate £33.50 £31.61 £39.18
Median % change year-on-year +5.98% -19.31% +70.33%
75th Percentile £54.00 £48.17 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £61.25 £59.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £27.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.09% -31.25% +67.89%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 2,890 £535 +18.83% 2,798
London +8 1,687 £550 +15.79% 967
UK excluding London +4 1,297 £475 +10.47% 2,048
Work from Home -5 817 £525 +23.53% 543
South East +8 464 £495 +10.00% 531
Scotland +12 203 £450 +5.88% 138
North of England -23 190 £511 +13.61% 404
East of England +9 157 £425 -10.53% 332
Midlands -32 119 £448 +27.86% 317
South West -14 117 £500 +13.05% 238
North West -24 109 £506 +14.15% 222
West Midlands -22 71 £500 +21.21% 206
Yorkshire -14 70 £525 +13.41% 111
East Midlands -25 48 £323 +2.38% 109
Wales -12 26 £488 +62.50% 64
Northern Ireland +7 25 £475 +10.21% 25
North East -4 10 £565 +32.94% 71

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,546 (43.56%) Social Skills
2 1,243 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
3 1,233 (34.74%) Computer Science
4 1,092 (30.77%) Finance
5 718 (20.23%) Analytical Skills
6 642 (18.09%) Problem-Solving
7 638 (17.98%) Python
8 631 (17.78%) Computer Science Degree
9 592 (16.68%) SQL
10 590 (16.62%) Azure
11 568 (16.00%) Project Management
12 562 (15.84%) Microsoft
13 548 (15.44%) Java
14 497 (14.00%) AWS
15 489 (13.78%) Analytics
16 418 (11.78%) JavaScript
17 409 (11.52%) Mathematics
18 398 (11.21%) DevOps
19 390 (10.99%) Scrum
20 382 (10.76%) Software Engineering
21 341 (9.61%) Windows
22 338 (9.52%) User Experience
23 323 (9.10%) Security Cleared
24 317 (8.93%) HTML
25 313 (8.82%) Management Information System
26 304 (8.57%) Banking
26 304 (8.57%) Presentation Skills
27 301 (8.48%) Decision-Making
28 297 (8.37%) ITIL
29 289 (8.14%) Git (software)

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (3.24%) SharePoint
2 108 (3.04%) Apache Spark
3 96 (2.70%) Confluence
4 45 (1.27%) CMS
5 37 (1.04%) Apache
6 36 (1.01%) SAS
7 27 (0.76%) IIS
8 24 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
8 24 (0.68%) Jupyter
8 24 (0.68%) Luigi
9 22 (0.62%) Elasticsearch
10 20 (0.56%) OpenStack
11 19 (0.54%) MS Exchange
12 18 (0.51%) nginx
13 17 (0.48%) WebSphere
14 14 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 14 (0.39%) Tomcat
15 12 (0.34%) Skype for Business
16 10 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
17 9 (0.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 273 (7.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 183 (5.16%) Microsoft Office
3 144 (4.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 64 (1.80%) MS Visio
5 62 (1.75%) Microsoft Project
6 27 (0.76%) Photoshop
7 18 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
8 17 (0.48%) Adobe Illustrator
9 15 (0.42%) Stata
10 12 (0.34%) Sketch
11 11 (0.31%) Figma
11 11 (0.31%) InVision
12 10 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 9 (0.25%) Simulink
14 6 (0.17%) AutoCAD
15 4 (0.11%) PTC Creo
15 4 (0.11%) UserZoom
15 4 (0.11%) Windchill
16 3 (0.085%) CPLEX
16 3 (0.085%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 25 (0.70%) ION MarketView
2 23 (0.65%) NetSuite
3 19 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
4 17 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 17 (0.48%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 13 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
6 11 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 9 (0.25%) Teamcenter
8 8 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
9 7 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
9 7 (0.20%) Workday HCM
10 6 (0.17%) Workfront
11 5 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.14%) SAP EWM
11 5 (0.14%) Sentinel
11 5 (0.14%) Sprinklr
12 4 (0.11%) Maximo
12 4 (0.11%) SAP ERP
12 4 (0.11%) SAP FI
12 4 (0.11%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 590 (16.62%) Azure
2 497 (14.00%) AWS
3 163 (4.59%) Microsoft 365
4 158 (4.45%) GCP
5 152 (4.28%) Power Platform
6 114 (3.21%) Serverless
7 101 (2.85%) SaaS
8 62 (1.75%) Amazon S3
9 56 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
10 55 (1.55%) PaaS
11 53 (1.49%) Azure Active Directory
12 52 (1.47%) GitHub
12 52 (1.47%) IaaS
13 47 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
14 44 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
15 43 (1.21%) Azure Functions
16 38 (1.07%) OpenShift
17 37 (1.04%) Azure Data Factory
17 37 (1.04%) Dynamics 365
18 33 (0.93%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 118 (3.32%) Firewall
2 102 (2.87%) Network Security
3 97 (2.73%) WAN
4 92 (2.59%) LAN
5 79 (2.23%) DNS
6 73 (2.06%) TCP/IP
7 62 (1.75%) Wireless
8 51 (1.44%) VPN
9 47 (1.32%) HTTP
9 47 (1.32%) Internet
10 43 (1.21%) DHCP
10 43 (1.21%) Ethernet
11 39 (1.10%) Wi-Fi
12 37 (1.04%) FTP
13 33 (0.93%) VoIP
14 32 (0.90%) SAN
15 31 (0.87%) MPLS
16 29 (0.82%) OSPF
17 28 (0.79%) BGP
18 27 (0.76%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (5.55%) SQL Server
2 142 (4.00%) Power BI
3 139 (3.92%) Relational Database
4 138 (3.89%) Data Warehouse
5 127 (3.58%) Big Data
6 105 (2.96%) Tableau
7 92 (2.59%) Hadoop
8 90 (2.54%) NoSQL
9 86 (2.42%) PostgreSQL
10 78 (2.20%) MySQL
11 69 (1.94%) Data Lake
12 52 (1.47%) Metadata
13 48 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
14 42 (1.18%) RDBMS
15 41 (1.16%) Oracle Database
16 33 (0.93%) Amazon Redshift
16 33 (0.93%) MongoDB
17 32 (0.90%) QlikView
17 32 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 27 (0.76%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 289 (8.14%) Git (software)
2 217 (6.11%) JIRA
3 146 (4.11%) Jenkins
4 53 (1.49%) Bitbucket
4 53 (1.49%) Maven
5 48 (1.35%) Visual Studio
6 43 (1.21%) Selenium
7 39 (1.10%) GitLab
8 33 (0.93%) Subversion
9 30 (0.85%) TeamCity
10 29 (0.82%) Eclipse
10 29 (0.82%) Rational DOORS
11 28 (0.79%) Postman
12 25 (0.70%) Cucumber
12 25 (0.70%) Jasmine
13 24 (0.68%) JUnit
13 24 (0.68%) Karma Test Runner
14 23 (0.65%) SonarQube
15 20 (0.56%) Team Foundation Server
16 19 (0.54%) Mocha
General
1 1,546 (43.56%) Social Skills
2 1,092 (30.77%) Finance
3 718 (20.23%) Analytical Skills
4 304 (8.57%) Banking
4 304 (8.57%) Presentation Skills
5 289 (8.14%) Public Sector
6 253 (7.13%) Marketing
7 174 (4.90%) Telecoms
8 151 (4.25%) Legal
9 137 (3.86%) Retail
10 135 (3.80%) Influencing Skills
11 117 (3.30%) Front Office
12 95 (2.68%) Investment Banking
13 91 (2.56%) Organisational Skills
14 75 (2.11%) Manufacturing
15 72 (2.03%) Financial Institution
16 65 (1.83%) Documentation Skills
17 59 (1.66%) Pharmaceutical
18 58 (1.63%) Electronics
19 57 (1.61%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 620 (17.47%) Developer
2 478 (13.47%) Analyst
3 286 (8.06%) Architect
4 208 (5.86%) Project Manager
5 165 (4.65%) Designer
6 161 (4.54%) Business Analyst
7 148 (4.17%) Java Developer
8 139 (3.92%) Consultant
9 135 (3.80%) Data Engineer
10 100 (2.82%) Senior Developer
11 97 (2.73%) Data Analyst
12 89 (2.51%) Data Scientist
13 85 (2.40%) Software Engineer
13 85 (2.40%) Solutions Architect
14 82 (2.31%) IT Manager
15 78 (2.20%) UX Designer
16 67 (1.89%) Full Stack Developer
17 64 (1.80%) React Developer
18 60 (1.69%) C# Developer
19 56 (1.58%) User Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 317 (8.93%) HTML
2 258 (7.27%) CSS
3 203 (5.72%) .NET
4 200 (5.64%) React
5 160 (4.51%) Web Services
6 158 (4.45%) AngularJS
7 147 (4.14%) Node.js
8 130 (3.66%) REST
9 123 (3.47%) Kafka
10 110 (3.10%) HTML5
11 106 (2.99%) RESTful
12 96 (2.70%) Spring
13 81 (2.28%) JSON
14 75 (2.11%) XML
15 62 (1.75%) .NET Framework
16 57 (1.61%) Middleware
17 56 (1.58%) Spring Boot
18 53 (1.49%) SOAP
19 48 (1.35%) jQuery
20 43 (1.21%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 338 (9.52%) User Experience
2 313 (8.82%) Management Information System
3 195 (5.49%) Self-Motivation
4 130 (3.66%) Algorithms
5 116 (3.27%) Data Centre
6 74 (2.09%) Data Structures
6 74 (2.09%) Social Media
7 64 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 64 (1.80%) Virtual Team
8 61 (1.72%) Mobile App
9 57 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
10 47 (1.32%) Data Protection Act
10 47 (1.32%) Hedge funds
10 47 (1.32%) NHS
11 45 (1.27%) PMI
12 43 (1.21%) Legacy Systems
13 42 (1.18%) Public Cloud
14 36 (1.01%) CMDB
14 36 (1.01%) Fixed Income
15 34 (0.96%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 341 (9.61%) Windows
2 284 (8.00%) Linux
3 121 (3.41%) Unix
4 80 (2.25%) Windows Server
5 77 (2.17%) Windows 10
6 45 (1.27%) Apple iOS
7 43 (1.21%) Android
8 35 (0.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 28 (0.79%) Windows Server 2016
10 22 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 18 (0.51%) Ubuntu
12 17 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
13 16 (0.45%) Windows 7
14 15 (0.42%) Solaris
14 15 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
15 13 (0.37%) VMS
16 11 (0.31%) HPUX
17 10 (0.28%) AIX
17 10 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
18 9 (0.25%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,243 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1,233 (34.74%) Computer Science
3 642 (18.09%) Problem-Solving
4 568 (16.00%) Project Management
5 489 (13.78%) Analytics
6 409 (11.52%) Mathematics
7 398 (11.21%) DevOps
8 390 (10.99%) Scrum
9 382 (10.76%) Software Engineering
10 301 (8.48%) Decision-Making
11 297 (8.37%) ITIL
12 242 (6.82%) Business Intelligence
13 241 (6.79%) Stakeholder Management
14 225 (6.34%) Test Automation
15 217 (6.11%) Continuous Improvement
16 216 (6.09%) Cybersecurity
17 215 (6.06%) Change Management
18 214 (6.03%) Project Delivery
19 213 (6.00%) Data Science
20 206 (5.80%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 638 (17.98%) Python
2 592 (16.68%) SQL
3 548 (15.44%) Java
4 418 (11.78%) JavaScript
5 266 (7.50%) C#
6 215 (6.06%) C++
7 161 (4.54%) C
8 131 (3.69%) PowerShell
9 113 (3.18%) R
10 90 (2.54%) TypeScript
11 83 (2.34%) Scala
12 68 (1.92%) Perl
13 59 (1.66%) Ruby
14 58 (1.63%) Java 8
15 54 (1.52%) Bash Shell
16 48 (1.35%) VBA
17 44 (1.24%) Kotlin
18 40 (1.13%) PL/SQL
19 39 (1.10%) Go
19 39 (1.10%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 631 (17.78%) Computer Science Degree
2 323 (9.10%) Security Cleared
3 252 (7.10%) SC Cleared
4 250 (7.04%) Master's Degree
5 166 (4.68%) CISSP
6 127 (3.58%) PMI Certification
7 118 (3.32%) PMP
8 112 (3.16%) Microsoft Certification
9 101 (2.85%) Numerate Degree
10 98 (2.76%) Cisco Certification
11 85 (2.40%) CISM
12 68 (1.92%) MCSE
13 67 (1.89%) PhD
14 56 (1.58%) ISTQB
15 48 (1.35%) ITIL Certification
16 47 (1.32%) CCNA
17 44 (1.24%) CISA
17 44 (1.24%) TOGAF Certification
18 43 (1.21%) DV Cleared
19 42 (1.18%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (4.93%) QA
2 137 (3.86%) GDPR
3 91 (2.56%) Data Quality
4 76 (2.14%) PMO
5 69 (1.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 61 (1.72%) SLA
7 53 (1.49%) NIST
8 45 (1.27%) Accessibility
9 44 (1.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 36 (1.01%) PCI DSS
11 35 (0.99%) GRC
12 24 (0.68%) NCSC
13 23 (0.65%) COBIT
13 23 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
14 16 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials
15 11 (0.31%) ITGC
16 10 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 9 (0.25%) NIST 800
18 8 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
19 7 (0.20%) IFRS
System Software
1 198 (5.58%) Docker
2 166 (4.68%) Active Directory
3 93 (2.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (1.16%) vSphere
5 30 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (0.65%) Microsoft App-V
7 21 (0.59%) Firmware
8 18 (0.51%) XenApp
9 16 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
10 14 (0.39%) Hyper-V
11 13 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
12 11 (0.31%) HDFS
12 11 (0.31%) VMware NSX
13 9 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 9 (0.25%) KVM
13 9 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
14 8 (0.23%) XenDesktop
15 6 (0.17%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
15 6 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
16 2 (0.056%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 212 (5.97%) Kubernetes
2 146 (4.11%) Terraform
3 74 (2.09%) Ansible
4 62 (1.75%) SCCM
5 44 (1.24%) Microsoft Intune
6 30 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
7 27 (0.76%) Puppet
8 26 (0.73%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 18 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
10 17 (0.48%) Grafana
10 17 (0.48%) HP ALM
11 16 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
12 15 (0.42%) Nessus
12 15 (0.42%) Prometheus
13 11 (0.31%) RSA Archer
13 11 (0.31%) SCOM
13 11 (0.31%) vCenter Server
14 10 (0.28%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 9 (0.25%) Kibana
15 9 (0.25%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 562 (15.84%) Microsoft
2 239 (6.73%) Oracle
3 144 (4.06%) SAP
4 127 (3.58%) VMware
5 124 (3.49%) Salesforce.com
6 109 (3.07%) Google
7 106 (2.99%) Cisco
8 84 (2.37%) Adobe
9 78 (2.20%) ServiceNow
10 74 (2.09%) Databricks
11 48 (1.35%) Citrix
12 47 (1.32%) HP
13 41 (1.16%) Splunk
14 40 (1.13%) Atlassian
15 39 (1.10%) Red Hat
16 38 (1.07%) Alteryx
16 38 (1.07%) IBM
17 33 (0.93%) ION Trading
18 27 (0.76%) MuleSoft
19 26 (0.73%) Sybase