Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 57 54 50
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 0
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,372 1,680 3,210
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.91% 4.04% 4.43%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.46% 17.75% 20.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,041 967 1,859
10th Percentile £285 £225 £250
25th Percentile £406 £340 £355
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% - -
75th Percentile £625 £563 £575
90th Percentile £725 £650 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £413 £425
% change year-on-year +11.52% -2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 120 208
10th Percentile £17.23 £17.39 £15.23
25th Percentile £21.00 £22.50 £23.97
Median hourly rate £42.50 £37.88 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.21% -10.88% +13.27%
75th Percentile £52.65 £46.00 £52.26
90th Percentile £63.00 £56.60 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £38.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +10.39% -9.41% +6.25%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,477 9,466 15,456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.12% 22.77% 21.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,761 6,242 9,961
10th Percentile £313 £275 £256
25th Percentile £415 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £619 £563 £556
90th Percentile £700 £650 £640
UK excluding London median daily rate £483 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +7.22% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 647 500 643
10th Percentile £13.25 £15.04 £14.00
25th Percentile £17.71 £21.05 £17.50
Median hourly rate £39.73 £40.25 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.30% +23.85% +22.84%
75th Percentile £54.00 £53.75 £49.19
90th Percentile £65.85 £64.55 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £38.25 £29.86
% change year-on-year -5.88% +28.12% +12.66%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -4 2,734 £530 +11.58% 2,588
London +1 1,537 £550 +15.30% 890
UK excluding London -2 1,261 £460 +11.52% 1,895
Work from Home +4 848 £525 +10.77% 480
South East -7 452 £475 +18.75% 462
North of England -13 201 £500 +5.26% 354
Scotland +29 185 £400 +14.29% 127
East of England +5 144 £475 -3.55% 306
South West -24 122 £525 +20.37% 257
North West -26 120 £523 +12.97% 206
Midlands -43 115 £463 +32.14% 303
West Midlands -28 78 £500 +31.15% 206
Yorkshire -15 73 £500 - 99
East Midlands -41 35 £300 -6.40% 95
Wales -11 32 £413 +37.50% 73
Northern Ireland +2 15 £433 +23.57% 16
North East -3 8 £200 -52.94% 49

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,498 (44.42%) Social Skills
2 1,245 (36.92%) Agile Software Development
3 1,158 (34.34%) Computer Science
4 933 (27.67%) Finance
5 659 (19.54%) Analytical Skills
6 633 (18.77%) Problem-Solving
7 622 (18.45%) Computer Science Degree
8 601 (17.82%) Microsoft
9 575 (17.05%) Project Management
10 546 (16.19%) Azure
11 506 (15.01%) SQL
12 504 (14.95%) Python
13 447 (13.26%) Java
14 410 (12.16%) Analytics
15 401 (11.89%) DevOps
16 391 (11.60%) Mathematics
17 388 (11.51%) JavaScript
18 379 (11.24%) Software Engineering
19 367 (10.88%) AWS
20 357 (10.59%) Scrum
21 344 (10.20%) Public Sector
22 338 (10.02%) CI/CD
23 333 (9.88%) Windows
24 326 (9.67%) Security Cleared
25 310 (9.19%) Management Information System
26 307 (9.10%) User Experience
27 297 (8.81%) ITIL
28 283 (8.39%) Stakeholder Management
29 282 (8.36%) Decision-Making
30 280 (8.30%) Presentation Skills

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (3.08%) Confluence
2 96 (2.85%) SharePoint
3 75 (2.22%) Apache Spark
4 45 (1.33%) Apache
5 38 (1.13%) CMS
6 31 (0.92%) SAS
7 23 (0.68%) IIS
8 22 (0.65%) OpenStack
9 19 (0.56%) Elasticsearch
10 11 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
11 10 (0.30%) MS Exchange
11 10 (0.30%) nginx
11 10 (0.30%) Tomcat
12 9 (0.27%) WebSphere
13 8 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (0.24%) WebLogic
14 7 (0.21%) Appian
14 7 (0.21%) Jupyter
14 7 (0.21%) Luigi
15 6 (0.18%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 274 (8.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 182 (5.40%) Microsoft Office
3 144 (4.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 59 (1.75%) Microsoft Project
5 53 (1.57%) MS Visio
6 33 (0.98%) Spreadsheet
7 30 (0.89%) Stata
8 21 (0.62%) Photoshop
9 20 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
10 19 (0.56%) Sketch
11 18 (0.53%) Adobe XD
12 15 (0.44%) InVision
13 9 (0.27%) Simulink
14 7 (0.21%) AutoCAD
14 7 (0.21%) SPSS
15 6 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 4 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
16 4 (0.12%) Chatbot
16 4 (0.12%) Revit
16 4 (0.12%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 25 (0.74%) NetSuite
2 24 (0.71%) SAP S/4HANA
3 23 (0.68%) ION MarketView
4 14 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
5 10 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 8 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 8 (0.24%) Workday HCM
6 8 (0.24%) Workfront
7 7 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
7 7 (0.21%) SAP MDG
7 7 (0.21%) Sentinel
8 6 (0.18%) SAP FI
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
9 5 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.12%) Murex MxG2000
10 4 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.12%) SAP CO
10 4 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 546 (16.19%) Azure
2 367 (10.88%) AWS
3 157 (4.66%) Power Platform
4 152 (4.51%) Microsoft 365
5 125 (3.71%) GCP
6 91 (2.70%) Serverless
7 90 (2.67%) SaaS
8 58 (1.72%) GitHub
9 56 (1.66%) IaaS
10 55 (1.63%) PaaS
11 49 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
12 43 (1.28%) Amazon S3
13 42 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
14 41 (1.22%) AWS Lambda
15 40 (1.19%) Azure Active Directory
16 33 (0.98%) Amazon EMR
16 33 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
17 25 (0.74%) Azure Functions
18 24 (0.71%) OpenShift
19 22 (0.65%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 101 (3.00%) Network Security
2 100 (2.97%) Firewall
3 97 (2.88%) WAN
4 77 (2.28%) LAN
5 76 (2.25%) DNS
6 73 (2.16%) TCP/IP
7 69 (2.05%) Wireless
8 52 (1.54%) DHCP
9 51 (1.51%) Internet
10 48 (1.42%) VPN
11 43 (1.28%) Wi-Fi
12 35 (1.04%) SAN
13 33 (0.98%) Ethernet
14 28 (0.83%) SD-WAN
15 26 (0.77%) BGP
16 24 (0.71%) HTTP
17 23 (0.68%) IPsec
18 22 (0.65%) MPLS
18 22 (0.65%) OSPF
18 22 (0.65%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (5.46%) SQL Server
2 150 (4.45%) Power BI
3 122 (3.62%) Tableau
4 113 (3.35%) Data Warehouse
5 108 (3.20%) Relational Database
6 101 (3.00%) Big Data
7 81 (2.40%) PostgreSQL
8 80 (2.37%) NoSQL
9 76 (2.25%) Data Lake
10 73 (2.16%) Hadoop
11 55 (1.63%) MySQL
12 40 (1.19%) Metadata
13 36 (1.07%) Data Mining
14 35 (1.04%) MongoDB
15 34 (1.01%) RDBMS
16 30 (0.89%) Oracle Database
17 29 (0.86%) DB2
17 29 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 26 (0.77%) Azure SQL Database
19 25 (0.74%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 228 (6.76%) Git (software)
2 199 (5.90%) JIRA
3 124 (3.68%) Jenkins
4 52 (1.54%) Visual Studio
5 49 (1.45%) Selenium
6 47 (1.39%) Bitbucket
7 33 (0.98%) Eclipse
7 33 (0.98%) Maven
8 30 (0.89%) TeamCity
9 27 (0.80%) GitLab
10 26 (0.77%) JUnit
11 24 (0.71%) Subversion
12 22 (0.65%) Cucumber
12 22 (0.65%) JMeter
13 20 (0.59%) Mocha
13 20 (0.59%) Postman
14 19 (0.56%) Jasmine
14 19 (0.56%) NetBeans
15 18 (0.53%) Karma Test Runner
15 18 (0.53%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,498 (44.42%) Social Skills
2 933 (27.67%) Finance
3 659 (19.54%) Analytical Skills
4 344 (10.20%) Public Sector
5 280 (8.30%) Presentation Skills
6 235 (6.97%) Marketing
7 232 (6.88%) Banking
8 163 (4.83%) Telecoms
9 148 (4.39%) Legal
10 142 (4.21%) Influencing Skills
11 106 (3.14%) Retail
12 97 (2.88%) Front Office
13 79 (2.34%) Organisational Skills
14 72 (2.14%) Manufacturing
15 67 (1.99%) Pharmaceutical
16 64 (1.90%) Electronics
17 59 (1.75%) Financial Institution
18 58 (1.72%) Investment Banking
19 48 (1.42%) Documentation Skills
20 44 (1.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 537 (15.93%) Developer
2 524 (15.54%) Analyst
3 312 (9.25%) Architect
4 197 (5.84%) Project Manager
5 175 (5.19%) Business Analyst
6 165 (4.89%) Designer
7 119 (3.53%) Data Analyst
8 118 (3.50%) Consultant
9 116 (3.44%) Java Developer
10 103 (3.05%) Data Engineer
11 91 (2.70%) Solutions Architect
12 86 (2.55%) Senior Developer
13 82 (2.43%) IT Manager
14 75 (2.22%) Software Engineer
15 68 (2.02%) UX Designer
16 64 (1.90%) Data Scientist
17 59 (1.75%) Junior
18 52 (1.54%) IT Project Manager
18 52 (1.54%) Senior Designer
19 51 (1.51%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 279 (8.27%) HTML
2 240 (7.12%) CSS
3 191 (5.66%) .NET
4 164 (4.86%) React
5 113 (3.35%) Web Services
6 111 (3.29%) AngularJS
7 109 (3.23%) Node.js
8 88 (2.61%) RESTful
9 87 (2.58%) REST
10 82 (2.43%) Kafka
11 76 (2.25%) HTML5
12 72 (2.14%) XML
13 69 (2.05%) Spring
14 68 (2.02%) JSON
15 66 (1.96%) .NET Framework
16 53 (1.57%) Middleware
17 46 (1.36%) .NET Core
17 46 (1.36%) Spring Boot
18 43 (1.28%) ASP.NET
19 42 (1.25%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 310 (9.19%) Management Information System
2 307 (9.10%) User Experience
3 157 (4.66%) Self-Motivation
4 119 (3.53%) Data Centre
5 102 (3.02%) Algorithms
6 71 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 64 (1.90%) Public Cloud
8 62 (1.84%) Virtual Team
9 57 (1.69%) Data Structures
10 55 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
11 51 (1.51%) Mobile App
12 50 (1.48%) NHS
13 47 (1.39%) PMI
14 45 (1.33%) CMDB
15 40 (1.19%) Hedge funds
16 37 (1.10%) Social Media
17 33 (0.98%) Legacy Systems
18 31 (0.92%) Renewable Energy
19 30 (0.89%) Life Science
20 29 (0.86%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 333 (9.88%) Windows
2 245 (7.27%) Linux
3 111 (3.29%) Unix
4 67 (1.99%) Windows Server
5 64 (1.90%) Windows 10
6 36 (1.07%) Apple iOS
7 33 (0.98%) Android
8 30 (0.89%) Windows Server 2012
9 23 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 22 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
11 17 (0.50%) Mac OS X
11 17 (0.50%) Windows Server 2016
12 12 (0.36%) Ubuntu
13 11 (0.33%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.33%) Windows 7
13 11 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
14 8 (0.24%) Solaris
15 7 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (0.18%) HPUX
17 5 (0.15%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,245 (36.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,158 (34.34%) Computer Science
3 633 (18.77%) Problem-Solving
4 575 (17.05%) Project Management
5 410 (12.16%) Analytics
6 401 (11.89%) DevOps
7 391 (11.60%) Mathematics
8 379 (11.24%) Software Engineering
9 357 (10.59%) Scrum
10 338 (10.02%) CI/CD
11 297 (8.81%) ITIL
12 283 (8.39%) Stakeholder Management
13 282 (8.36%) Decision-Making
14 259 (7.68%) Business Intelligence
15 236 (7.00%) Project Delivery
16 227 (6.73%) Test Automation
17 223 (6.61%) Continuous Improvement
18 222 (6.58%) Change Management
19 219 (6.49%) Risk Management
20 203 (6.02%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 506 (15.01%) SQL
2 504 (14.95%) Python
3 447 (13.26%) Java
4 388 (11.51%) JavaScript
5 259 (7.68%) C#
6 198 (5.87%) C++
7 149 (4.42%) C
8 99 (2.94%) PowerShell
9 98 (2.91%) R
10 75 (2.22%) TypeScript
11 73 (2.16%) Scala
12 57 (1.69%) Bash
13 51 (1.51%) Ruby
14 48 (1.42%) Perl
15 42 (1.25%) Java 8
16 34 (1.01%) Shell Script
17 29 (0.86%) T-SQL
18 28 (0.83%) Go
19 27 (0.80%) PL/SQL
20 25 (0.74%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 622 (18.45%) Computer Science Degree
2 326 (9.67%) Security Cleared
3 270 (8.01%) Master's Degree
4 234 (6.94%) SC Cleared
5 143 (4.24%) CISSP
6 123 (3.65%) PMI Certification
7 121 (3.59%) PMP
8 100 (2.97%) Microsoft Certification
9 87 (2.58%) CISM
10 85 (2.52%) Cisco Certification
11 78 (2.31%) Numerate Degree
12 66 (1.96%) PhD
13 59 (1.75%) CISA
14 58 (1.72%) MCSE
15 54 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
16 52 (1.54%) ISTQB
17 49 (1.45%) DV Cleared
18 45 (1.33%) CRISC
18 45 (1.33%) ITIL Certification
19 41 (1.22%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (5.13%) QA
2 115 (3.41%) GDPR
3 83 (2.46%) Data Quality
4 82 (2.43%) SLA
5 70 (2.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 65 (1.93%) Accessibility
7 60 (1.78%) PMO
8 51 (1.51%) NIST
9 34 (1.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 33 (0.98%) NCSC
11 32 (0.95%) GRC
12 27 (0.80%) COBIT
12 27 (0.80%) Cyber Essentials
13 23 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
14 22 (0.65%) PCI DSS
15 21 (0.62%) WCAG
16 13 (0.39%) IFRS
17 12 (0.36%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 12 (0.36%) JSP 440
18 11 (0.33%) HL7
System Software
1 169 (5.01%) Docker
2 143 (4.24%) Active Directory
3 94 (2.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (0.89%) Firmware
6 25 (0.74%) vSphere
7 23 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
8 16 (0.47%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.42%) HDFS
10 11 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
11 10 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
12 9 (0.27%) KVM
13 7 (0.21%) XenDesktop
14 6 (0.18%) BitLocker
15 5 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
15 5 (0.15%) XenApp
16 4 (0.12%) NFS
16 4 (0.12%) Terminal Services
16 4 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
16 4 (0.12%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 175 (5.19%) Kubernetes
2 136 (4.03%) Terraform
3 84 (2.49%) Ansible
4 50 (1.48%) SCCM
5 30 (0.89%) Puppet
6 26 (0.77%) Microsoft Intune
7 23 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
9 20 (0.59%) Prometheus
10 17 (0.50%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 15 (0.44%) Nessus
12 13 (0.39%) Grafana
12 13 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
12 13 (0.39%) Oozie
12 13 (0.39%) RSA Archer
13 12 (0.36%) CASB
14 11 (0.33%) Tivoli
15 9 (0.27%) HP ALM
15 9 (0.27%) SCOM
16 8 (0.24%) Nagios
Vendors
1 601 (17.82%) Microsoft
2 189 (5.60%) Oracle
3 181 (5.37%) SAP
4 123 (3.65%) Cisco
5 112 (3.32%) VMware
6 103 (3.05%) Google
7 98 (2.91%) ServiceNow
8 83 (2.46%) Salesforce.com
9 72 (2.14%) Adobe
10 68 (2.02%) Databricks
11 55 (1.63%) HP
12 47 (1.39%) Dell
13 46 (1.36%) Atlassian
14 45 (1.33%) IBM
15 43 (1.28%) Citrix
16 40 (1.19%) Splunk
17 29 (0.86%) Red Hat
18 28 (0.83%) ION Trading
19 25 (0.74%) MuleSoft
20 24 (0.71%) Workday