Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 49 43 38
Rank change year-on-year -6 -5 -4
Contract jobs citing Degree 4,329 4,881 4,534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.52% 4.83% 4.93%
As % of the Qualifications category 23.34% 25.16% 24.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,506 2,942 2,827
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £256 £255 £224
90th Percentile £650 £645 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 244 276 238
UK median hourly rate £39.25 £36.88 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.44% +22.92% -16.67%
10th Percentile £17.50 £13.28 £11.47
90th Percentile £53.75 £61.00 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.25 £38.26 £31.48
% change year-on-year +2.60% +21.54% -19.29%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 18,547 19,398 18,852
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.38% 19.18% 20.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,196 11,671 11,936
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £263 £239 £253
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +5.45% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 848 866 928
UK median hourly rate £32.75 £23.50 £29.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.36% -21.46% +6.86%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.35 £12.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.37 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.90 £25.00 £29.92
% change year-on-year +19.60% -16.44% -6.50%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 3,966 £475 +4.40% 1,173
UK excluding London -4 2,211 £425 - 923
London -7 2,025 £500 - 345
South East -4 787 £450 - 249
Midlands 0 352 £475 +11.76% 105
North of England -25 349 £425 +6.25% 148
South West +14 231 £400 -5.88% 165
West Midlands -6 222 £500 +17.65% 71
Scotland +1 203 £393 +3.29% 60
East of England +4 202 £440 +17.33% 160
North West +5 196 £425 +6.25% 93
East Midlands 0 116 £390 -2.56% 34
Yorkshire -38 109 £400 -5.88% 39
Wales -10 58 £356 -10.94% 34
North East -47 46 £415 +3.75% 16
Northern Ireland +19 33 £412 -4.52% 1

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,460 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,371 (31.67%) Computer Science
3 1,039 (24.00%) Finance
4 964 (22.27%) Analytical Skills
5 769 (17.76%) Problem-Solving
6 759 (17.53%) SQL
7 732 (16.91%) Computer Science Degree
8 697 (16.10%) Microsoft
9 688 (15.89%) Java
10 570 (13.17%) Python
11 523 (12.08%) Linux
12 512 (11.83%) Project Management
13 496 (11.46%) Analytics
14 492 (11.37%) Mathematics
15 474 (10.95%) Windows
16 466 (10.76%) Software Engineering
17 461 (10.65%) JavaScript
18 440 (10.16%) Scrum
19 410 (9.47%) Security Cleared
20 405 (9.36%) HTML
21 392 (9.06%) C#
22 390 (9.01%) ITIL
23 379 (8.75%) Amazon AWS
24 374 (8.64%) DevOps
25 362 (8.36%) Microsoft Excel
26 346 (7.99%) Master's Degree
27 340 (7.85%) Microsoft Azure
28 338 (7.81%) SQL Server
29 330 (7.62%) TDD
30 329 (7.60%) Git (software)

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (2.91%) SharePoint
2 101 (2.33%) Apache Spark
3 81 (1.87%) Apache
4 79 (1.82%) Confluence
5 71 (1.64%) SAS
6 59 (1.36%) CMS
7 48 (1.11%) IIS
8 46 (1.06%) Tomcat
9 39 (0.90%) Skype for Business
10 38 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
11 34 (0.79%) MS Exchange
12 27 (0.62%) JBoss
13 24 (0.55%) OpenStack
14 23 (0.53%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
16 14 (0.32%) nginx
16 14 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 13 (0.30%) Jupyter
17 13 (0.30%) SharePoint 2013
17 13 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 362 (8.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 268 (6.19%) Microsoft Office
3 147 (3.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 80 (1.85%) Microsoft Project
5 63 (1.46%) MS Visio
6 40 (0.92%) Photoshop
7 27 (0.62%) Spreadsheet
8 21 (0.49%) Adobe Illustrator
8 21 (0.49%) InVision
9 17 (0.39%) Chatbot
10 12 (0.28%) Simulink
11 11 (0.25%) Stata
12 10 (0.23%) AutoCAD
12 10 (0.23%) SPSS
13 9 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 9 (0.21%) InDesign
14 8 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
15 7 (0.16%) InfoPath
15 7 (0.16%) Stateflow
16 6 (0.14%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 20 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
2 19 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.44%) Remedy ITSM
2 19 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 16 (0.37%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 13 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
4 13 (0.30%) NetSuite
5 12 (0.28%) SAP ERP
6 10 (0.23%) HFM
6 10 (0.23%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
7 8 (0.18%) Primavera
8 7 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
8 7 (0.16%) SAP GTS
9 6 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
9 6 (0.14%) SAP HR
10 5 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
10 5 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 379 (8.75%) Amazon AWS
2 340 (7.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 126 (2.91%) Office 365
4 94 (2.17%) GitHub
5 92 (2.13%) Google Cloud Platform
6 52 (1.20%) PaaS
7 50 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
8 49 (1.13%) SaaS
9 47 (1.09%) Amazon EMR
10 38 (0.88%) IaaS
11 37 (0.85%) OpenShift
12 32 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
13 31 (0.72%) Google Analytics
14 30 (0.69%) Amazon S3
15 25 (0.58%) Azure Active Directory
16 23 (0.53%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 19 (0.44%) Adobe Analytics
18 18 (0.42%) Serverless
19 16 (0.37%) Azure Data Factory
20 15 (0.35%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 186 (4.30%) Firewall
2 129 (2.98%) Internet
3 99 (2.29%) TCP/IP
4 96 (2.22%) DNS
5 95 (2.19%) VPN
6 90 (2.08%) LAN
7 87 (2.01%) Wireless
8 82 (1.89%) WAN
9 74 (1.71%) Network Security
10 48 (1.11%) HTTP
11 45 (1.04%) DHCP
11 45 (1.04%) SAN
12 44 (1.02%) Ethernet
13 43 (0.99%) MPLS
14 42 (0.97%) Skype
15 37 (0.85%) BGP
16 34 (0.79%) VoIP
17 31 (0.72%) SNMP
18 30 (0.69%) NAS
19 29 (0.67%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (7.81%) SQL Server
2 249 (5.75%) Big Data
3 175 (4.04%) Relational Database
4 169 (3.90%) Hadoop
5 146 (3.37%) NoSQL
6 122 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
7 102 (2.36%) MySQL
8 95 (2.19%) MongoDB
9 88 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
10 79 (1.82%) Power BI
11 66 (1.52%) Apache Hive
12 55 (1.27%) HBase
12 55 (1.27%) Redis
13 53 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
14 48 (1.11%) GIS
15 47 (1.09%) RDBMS
16 45 (1.04%) Data Mining
17 43 (0.99%) Oracle Database
18 37 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 34 (0.79%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 329 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 266 (6.14%) JIRA
3 263 (6.08%) Jenkins
4 123 (2.84%) Visual Studio
5 96 (2.22%) Maven
6 84 (1.94%) Visual Studio Team System
7 76 (1.76%) Selenium
8 68 (1.57%) JUnit
9 66 (1.52%) Rational DOORS
10 65 (1.50%) Cucumber
10 65 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
11 60 (1.39%) Gradle
12 56 (1.29%) Eclipse
13 48 (1.11%) Bitbucket
14 43 (0.99%) NetBeans
15 39 (0.90%) Subversion
16 26 (0.60%) Bugzilla
16 26 (0.60%) Hudson
17 25 (0.58%) SoapUI
17 25 (0.58%) TeamCity
General
1 1,039 (24.00%) Finance
2 323 (7.46%) Banking
3 253 (5.84%) Marketing
4 238 (5.50%) Telecoms
5 163 (3.77%) Retail
6 130 (3.00%) Legal
7 101 (2.33%) Investment Banking
8 91 (2.10%) Electronics
9 90 (2.08%) Manufacturing
10 81 (1.87%) Financial Institution
11 79 (1.82%) Pharmaceutical
12 77 (1.78%) Aerospace
13 70 (1.62%) Advertising
13 70 (1.62%) Front Office
14 68 (1.57%) Law
15 52 (1.20%) Back Office
16 46 (1.06%) German Language
16 46 (1.06%) Military
17 38 (0.88%) Publishing
18 31 (0.72%) Games
Job Titles
1 904 (20.88%) Developer
2 628 (14.51%) Analyst
3 295 (6.81%) Architect
4 205 (4.74%) Java Developer
5 194 (4.48%) Project Manager
6 193 (4.46%) Designer
7 183 (4.23%) Business Analyst
8 180 (4.16%) Consultant
9 164 (3.79%) Software Engineer
10 118 (2.73%) Senior Developer
11 105 (2.43%) User Researcher
12 104 (2.40%) C# Developer
13 98 (2.26%) Data Scientist
14 95 (2.19%) Data Analyst
15 89 (2.06%) Solutions Architect
16 86 (1.99%) Network Engineer
17 85 (1.96%) UX Designer
18 83 (1.92%) Data Engineer
19 81 (1.87%) .NET Developer
20 67 (1.55%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 405 (9.36%) HTML
2 313 (7.23%) CSS
3 309 (7.14%) .NET
4 308 (7.11%) Web Services
5 229 (5.29%) REST
6 210 (4.85%) AngularJS
7 207 (4.78%) RESTful
8 190 (4.39%) Spring
9 188 (4.34%) XML
10 175 (4.04%) JSON
11 158 (3.65%) HTML5
12 146 (3.37%) SOAP
13 140 (3.23%) Node.js
14 133 (3.07%) Kafka
15 124 (2.86%) React
16 105 (2.43%) CSS3
16 105 (2.43%) Middleware
17 88 (2.03%) jQuery
18 78 (1.80%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 72 (1.66%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 964 (22.27%) Analytical Skills
2 320 (7.39%) User Experience
3 305 (7.05%) Management Information System
4 221 (5.11%) Self-Motivation
5 203 (4.69%) Algorithms
6 116 (2.68%) Data Centre
6 116 (2.68%) Virtual Team
7 112 (2.59%) Mobile App
8 102 (2.36%) Data Structures
9 76 (1.76%) Public Cloud
10 67 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
11 61 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
12 56 (1.29%) Fintech
13 53 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
14 51 (1.18%) Embedded Systems
15 47 (1.09%) Clustering
16 46 (1.06%) Robotics
17 45 (1.04%) Hedge funds
18 41 (0.95%) Driving Licence
19 40 (0.92%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 523 (12.08%) Linux
2 474 (10.95%) Windows
3 220 (5.08%) Unix
4 129 (2.98%) Windows Server
5 113 (2.61%) Android
6 83 (1.92%) Apple iOS
7 59 (1.36%) Windows 10
8 57 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 35 (0.81%) Solaris
9 35 (0.81%) Windows 7
10 28 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
12 20 (0.46%) CentOS
13 18 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
14 17 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
15 14 (0.32%) Kali Linux
16 12 (0.28%) VMS
17 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.18%) Fedora
19 7 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,460 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,371 (31.67%) Computer Science
3 769 (17.76%) Problem-Solving
4 512 (11.83%) Project Management
5 496 (11.46%) Analytics
6 492 (11.37%) Mathematics
7 466 (10.76%) Software Engineering
8 440 (10.16%) Scrum
9 390 (9.01%) ITIL
10 374 (8.64%) DevOps
11 330 (7.62%) TDD
12 310 (7.16%) Test Automation
13 279 (6.44%) Stakeholder Management
14 244 (5.64%) Decision-Making
15 241 (5.57%) Continuous Integration
16 238 (5.50%) Data Science
17 229 (5.29%) SDLC
18 226 (5.22%) Data Analysis
19 224 (5.17%) PRINCE2
20 215 (4.97%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 759 (17.53%) SQL
2 688 (15.89%) Java
3 570 (13.17%) Python
4 461 (10.65%) JavaScript
5 392 (9.06%) C#
6 281 (6.49%) C++
7 196 (4.53%) C
8 139 (3.21%) R
9 124 (2.86%) PowerShell
10 103 (2.38%) Perl
11 92 (2.13%) Shell Script
12 89 (2.06%) Scala
13 86 (1.99%) Bash Shell
14 75 (1.73%) TypeScript
15 68 (1.57%) Ruby
16 66 (1.52%) VBA
17 53 (1.22%) Java 8
18 49 (1.13%) T-SQL
19 48 (1.11%) MATLAB
20 43 (0.99%) PHP
Qualifications
1 732 (16.91%) Computer Science Degree
2 410 (9.47%) Security Cleared
3 346 (7.99%) Master's Degree
4 297 (6.86%) SC Cleared
5 154 (3.56%) Cisco Certification
6 148 (3.42%) Numerate Degree
7 130 (3.00%) CISSP
8 118 (2.73%) ISTQB
8 118 (2.73%) PhD
9 117 (2.70%) Microsoft Certification
10 88 (2.03%) CISM
11 84 (1.94%) PMI Certification
12 81 (1.87%) CCNA
12 81 (1.87%) ISEB
13 75 (1.73%) CISA
14 74 (1.71%) DV Cleared
15 72 (1.66%) MCSE
16 67 (1.55%) CCNP
16 67 (1.55%) PMP
17 63 (1.46%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 261 (6.03%) QA
2 104 (2.40%) SLA
3 87 (2.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 86 (1.99%) PMO
5 66 (1.52%) Data Quality
6 64 (1.48%) GDPR
7 43 (0.99%) PCI DSS
8 31 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 27 (0.62%) COBIT
10 15 (0.35%) ISO 9001
11 13 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
12 12 (0.28%) GxP
13 11 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
13 11 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 9 (0.21%) ISAE 3402
14 9 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 8 (0.18%) IFRS
15 8 (0.18%) ISO 22301
15 8 (0.18%) ISO 31000
15 8 (0.18%) MISRA
System Software
1 176 (4.07%) Active Directory
2 160 (3.70%) Docker
3 73 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (0.97%) Hyper-V
4 42 (0.97%) vSphere
5 40 (0.92%) HDFS
6 36 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 35 (0.81%) Firmware
8 22 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
9 21 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
10 18 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
11 13 (0.30%) Apache Flume
12 11 (0.25%) XenApp
13 10 (0.23%) ISA Server
14 9 (0.21%) XenDesktop
15 7 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
15 7 (0.16%) VMware NSX
16 6 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
17 5 (0.12%) Slurm Workload Manager
17 5 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 137 (3.16%) Ansible
2 86 (1.99%) Puppet
3 68 (1.57%) Kubernetes
4 48 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
5 47 (1.09%) SCCM
6 38 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
7 32 (0.74%) Terraform
8 31 (0.72%) Nessus
9 30 (0.69%) Netcool
10 28 (0.65%) SCOM
11 24 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
12 21 (0.49%) HP ALM
12 21 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
13 20 (0.46%) Control-M
13 20 (0.46%) Nagios
14 15 (0.35%) Tivoli
15 14 (0.32%) Kibana
15 14 (0.32%) Nmap
16 13 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
17 11 (0.25%) logstash
Vendors
1 697 (16.10%) Microsoft
2 306 (7.07%) Oracle
3 174 (4.02%) SAP
4 167 (3.86%) Google
5 161 (3.72%) Cisco
6 123 (2.84%) VMware
7 106 (2.45%) Adobe
8 101 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
9 99 (2.29%) Tableau
10 91 (2.10%) HP
11 83 (1.92%) IBM
12 71 (1.64%) Citrix
13 65 (1.50%) Red Hat
14 63 (1.46%) Splunk
15 57 (1.32%) Remedy
16 52 (1.20%) Cloudera
17 49 (1.13%) ServiceNow
18 45 (1.04%) Hortonworks
19 39 (0.90%) Atlassian
20 37 (0.85%) SolarWinds