Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 50 48 44
Rank change year-on-year -2 -4 -7
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,663 4,712 4,995
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.40% 4.53% 4.85%
As % of the Qualifications category 21.61% 24.20% 25.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,141 2,633 3,128
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £432
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.18% +4.71%
10th Percentile £260 £275 £253
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 242 273 288
UK median hourly rate £44.75 £35.50 £31.93
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.06% +11.20% +18.27%
10th Percentile £15.75 £13.75 £12.75
90th Percentile £69.65 £53.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £35.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year +31.43% +6.06% +15.79%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,950 19,474 19,384
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.34% 18.74% 18.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,376 11,492 11,854
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.88% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £224
90th Percentile £644 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £423 £400
% change year-on-year +6.51% +5.63% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 855 955 928
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £27.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% -7.41% +3.85%
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.63 £12.05
90th Percentile £58.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £25.31 £29.00
% change year-on-year +38.29% -12.72% +7.41%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3,391 £463 +2.78% 3,295
UK excluding London -3 1,858 £425 - 2,641
London +10 1,689 £500 - 943
South East +1 746 £450 +2.86% 709
North of England -25 300 £425 +0.59% 442
East of England +28 257 £400 -5.88% 476
South West -19 222 £450 +12.50% 359
Midlands -24 161 £420 -4.00% 371
North West -23 154 £425 +6.25% 261
Scotland -7 147 £375 -4.15% 178
West Midlands -22 94 £438 -2.78% 227
Yorkshire -26 93 £400 -9.86% 129
East Midlands -14 66 £410 -3.53% 143
North East -10 54 £463 +8.82% 52
Wales -30 23 £289 -35.83% 90
Northern Ireland -14 13 £430 +4.37% 21

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,188 (32.43%) Computer Science
2 1,150 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
3 908 (24.79%) Finance
4 660 (18.02%) Microsoft
5 649 (17.72%) Analytical Skills
6 600 (16.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 590 (16.11%) SQL
8 557 (15.21%) Problem-Solving
9 541 (14.77%) Java
10 483 (13.19%) Python
11 477 (13.02%) Project Management
12 458 (12.50%) JavaScript
13 435 (11.88%) Mathematics
14 422 (11.52%) Azure
15 408 (11.14%) Windows
16 381 (10.40%) Security Cleared
17 360 (9.83%) ITIL
18 358 (9.77%) Analytics
19 349 (9.53%) Software Engineering
20 342 (9.34%) Scrum
21 333 (9.09%) Linux
22 304 (8.30%) C#
23 296 (8.08%) DevOps
24 292 (7.97%) SC Cleared
25 288 (7.86%) Microsoft Office
26 285 (7.78%) Git (software)
27 275 (7.51%) Stakeholder Management
28 272 (7.43%) AWS
29 268 (7.32%) HTML
30 262 (7.15%) Microsoft Excel

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (3.69%) SharePoint
2 130 (3.55%) Apache Spark
3 75 (2.05%) Confluence
4 61 (1.67%) SAS
5 60 (1.64%) Apache
6 59 (1.61%) Skype for Business
7 40 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
8 38 (1.04%) MS Exchange
9 35 (0.96%) IIS
10 30 (0.82%) CMS
10 30 (0.82%) Jupyter
11 23 (0.63%) Tomcat
12 18 (0.49%) JBoss
13 16 (0.44%) WebLogic
14 14 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
16 11 (0.30%) ArcGIS
17 10 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2010
17 10 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2013
17 10 (0.27%) OpenStack
Applications
1 288 (7.86%) Microsoft Office
2 262 (7.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 141 (3.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 55 (1.50%) Microsoft Project
5 54 (1.47%) MS Visio
6 32 (0.87%) Sketch
7 21 (0.57%) SPSS
8 20 (0.55%) Photoshop
9 19 (0.52%) InVision
10 16 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
11 15 (0.41%) Adobe Illustrator
12 13 (0.35%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 10 (0.27%) Simulink
14 9 (0.25%) Stata
14 9 (0.25%) Stateflow
14 9 (0.25%) Windchill
14 9 (0.25%) Zeplin
15 6 (0.16%) AutoCAD
16 5 (0.14%) Figma
17 4 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 20 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
2 12 (0.33%) SAP HR
3 11 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
4 10 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 10 (0.27%) SAP ERP
5 9 (0.25%) FINCAD Analytics
5 9 (0.25%) Temenos T24
6 8 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
6 8 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
7 7 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
7 7 (0.19%) SAP HCM
7 7 (0.19%) thinkFolio
8 6 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 5 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
9 5 (0.14%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 422 (11.52%) Azure
2 272 (7.43%) AWS
3 175 (4.78%) Office 365
4 109 (2.98%) SaaS
5 105 (2.87%) Power Platform
6 102 (2.78%) PaaS
7 93 (2.54%) IaaS
8 87 (2.38%) GCP
9 75 (2.05%) Serverless
10 57 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
11 45 (1.23%) Azure Active Directory
11 45 (1.23%) GitHub
12 36 (0.98%) Amazon S3
13 35 (0.96%) Dynamics 365
14 33 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
15 27 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
15 27 (0.74%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 27 (0.74%) OpenShift
16 23 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
17 21 (0.57%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 171 (4.67%) Firewall
2 122 (3.33%) Internet
3 116 (3.17%) DNS
4 107 (2.92%) TCP/IP
5 91 (2.48%) WAN
6 86 (2.35%) VPN
7 82 (2.24%) LAN
8 68 (1.86%) Skype
9 63 (1.72%) Wireless
10 60 (1.64%) Ethernet
11 58 (1.58%) Network Security
12 54 (1.47%) DHCP
13 47 (1.28%) SAN
14 40 (1.09%) HTTP
15 38 (1.04%) NAS
16 34 (0.93%) MPLS
17 31 (0.85%) BGP
18 30 (0.82%) Reverse Proxy
19 29 (0.79%) Cisco ASA
20 28 (0.76%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 260 (7.10%) SQL Server
2 176 (4.80%) Big Data
3 109 (2.98%) Hadoop
4 102 (2.78%) Power BI
5 101 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
6 87 (2.38%) Relational Database
7 76 (2.07%) NoSQL
8 73 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 70 (1.91%) MySQL
10 68 (1.86%) MongoDB
11 42 (1.15%) Azure SQL Database
12 39 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
12 39 (1.06%) Data Mining
12 39 (1.06%) Oracle Database
13 38 (1.04%) PostgreSQL
14 37 (1.01%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 33 (0.90%) Cosmos DB
16 31 (0.85%) Data Lake
17 30 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
18 29 (0.79%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 285 (7.78%) Git (software)
2 172 (4.70%) Jenkins
3 159 (4.34%) JIRA
4 83 (2.27%) Visual Studio
5 58 (1.58%) Selenium
6 52 (1.42%) Cucumber
7 51 (1.39%) Maven
8 49 (1.34%) Eclipse
9 42 (1.15%) Visual Studio Team System
10 39 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
11 32 (0.87%) NetBeans
12 31 (0.85%) TeamCity
13 30 (0.82%) Bitbucket
14 29 (0.79%) Gradle
15 28 (0.76%) JUnit
16 25 (0.68%) Rational DOORS
17 22 (0.60%) SpecFlow
17 22 (0.60%) webpack
18 20 (0.55%) Subversion
19 17 (0.46%) SoapUI
General
1 908 (24.79%) Finance
2 227 (6.20%) Banking
3 210 (5.73%) Public Sector
4 192 (5.24%) Telecoms
5 169 (4.61%) Marketing
6 124 (3.39%) Front Office
7 123 (3.36%) Retail
8 102 (2.78%) Manufacturing
9 101 (2.76%) Legal
10 77 (2.10%) Investment Banking
11 76 (2.07%) Aerospace
12 73 (1.99%) Electronics
13 70 (1.91%) Pharmaceutical
14 65 (1.77%) Military
15 62 (1.69%) Publishing
16 53 (1.45%) Back Office
17 51 (1.39%) Games
18 50 (1.37%) Advertising
18 50 (1.37%) Law
19 43 (1.17%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 699 (19.08%) Developer
2 549 (14.99%) Analyst
3 268 (7.32%) Architect
4 200 (5.46%) Project Manager
5 166 (4.53%) Business Analyst
6 146 (3.99%) Consultant
7 120 (3.28%) Software Engineer
8 115 (3.14%) Designer
9 108 (2.95%) Java Developer
10 93 (2.54%) Data Analyst
10 93 (2.54%) Data Scientist
11 85 (2.32%) Data Engineer
12 81 (2.21%) C# Developer
12 81 (2.21%) Solutions Architect
13 78 (2.13%) Senior Developer
14 77 (2.10%) IT Manager
15 73 (1.99%) Software Developer
16 64 (1.75%) User Researcher
17 63 (1.72%) .NET Developer
17 63 (1.72%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (7.32%) HTML
2 247 (6.74%) Web Services
3 235 (6.42%) .NET
4 222 (6.06%) CSS
5 210 (5.73%) React
6 173 (4.72%) AngularJS
7 149 (4.07%) REST
7 149 (4.07%) XML
8 134 (3.66%) Node.js
9 109 (2.98%) RESTful
10 107 (2.92%) Spring
11 99 (2.70%) Kafka
12 87 (2.38%) JSON
13 82 (2.24%) HTML5
14 76 (2.07%) SOAP
15 58 (1.58%) Vue.js
16 55 (1.50%) .NET Framework
17 47 (1.28%) .NET Core
17 47 (1.28%) CSS3
17 47 (1.28%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 649 (17.72%) Analytical Skills
2 257 (7.02%) Management Information System
3 256 (6.99%) User Experience
4 157 (4.29%) Self-Motivation
5 127 (3.47%) Algorithms
6 110 (3.00%) Data Centre
7 94 (2.57%) Data Structures
8 88 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 67 (1.83%) Virtual Team
10 65 (1.77%) Public Cloud
11 60 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
12 58 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
13 54 (1.47%) Hedge funds
14 42 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 40 (1.09%) Driving Licence
16 39 (1.06%) PMI
17 38 (1.04%) Replication
18 35 (0.96%) Embedded Systems
18 35 (0.96%) Life Science
18 35 (0.96%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 408 (11.14%) Windows
2 333 (9.09%) Linux
3 111 (3.03%) Unix
4 104 (2.84%) Windows 10
5 103 (2.81%) Windows Server
6 61 (1.67%) Android
7 51 (1.39%) Apple iOS
8 44 (1.20%) Windows 7
9 32 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 29 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
11 22 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
13 14 (0.38%) Mac OS
14 10 (0.27%) Mac OS X
14 10 (0.27%) Solaris
14 10 (0.27%) Ubuntu
15 9 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
16 8 (0.22%) CentOS
16 8 (0.22%) VMS
17 7 (0.19%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,188 (32.43%) Computer Science
2 1,150 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
3 557 (15.21%) Problem-Solving
4 477 (13.02%) Project Management
5 435 (11.88%) Mathematics
6 360 (9.83%) ITIL
7 358 (9.77%) Analytics
8 349 (9.53%) Software Engineering
9 342 (9.34%) Scrum
10 296 (8.08%) DevOps
11 275 (7.51%) Stakeholder Management
12 234 (6.39%) Test Automation
13 232 (6.33%) Project Delivery
14 226 (6.17%) Decision-Making
15 214 (5.84%) Migration
16 212 (5.79%) PRINCE2
17 211 (5.76%) Business Intelligence
18 210 (5.73%) Continuous Integration
19 209 (5.71%) Data Science
20 197 (5.38%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 590 (16.11%) SQL
2 541 (14.77%) Java
3 483 (13.19%) Python
4 458 (12.50%) JavaScript
5 304 (8.30%) C#
6 232 (6.33%) C++
7 177 (4.83%) C
8 132 (3.60%) PowerShell
9 104 (2.84%) R
10 96 (2.62%) Scala
11 82 (2.24%) PHP
12 66 (1.80%) TypeScript
13 63 (1.72%) T-SQL
14 48 (1.31%) Perl
15 42 (1.15%) PL/SQL
16 41 (1.12%) Bash Shell
17 40 (1.09%) Java 8
18 39 (1.06%) Ruby
19 35 (0.96%) Go
20 33 (0.90%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 600 (16.38%) Computer Science Degree
2 381 (10.40%) Security Cleared
3 292 (7.97%) SC Cleared
4 238 (6.50%) Master's Degree
5 124 (3.39%) CISSP
6 114 (3.11%) PMI Certification
7 113 (3.08%) Cisco Certification
8 107 (2.92%) Microsoft Certification
9 89 (2.43%) PhD
10 88 (2.40%) PMP
11 77 (2.10%) Numerate Degree
12 76 (2.07%) HND
13 64 (1.75%) CCNA
14 62 (1.69%) CCNP
14 62 (1.69%) CISM
14 62 (1.69%) ISEB
15 53 (1.45%) ISTQB
16 49 (1.34%) DV Cleared
17 45 (1.23%) MCSE
18 39 (1.06%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 221 (6.03%) QA
2 90 (2.46%) SLA
3 70 (1.91%) PMO
4 65 (1.77%) Data Quality
5 55 (1.50%) GDPR
6 52 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 37 (1.01%) NIST
8 30 (0.82%) COBIT
9 27 (0.74%) PCI DSS
10 23 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 19 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 12 (0.33%) NCSC
13 11 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
14 9 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
14 9 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 8 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
15 8 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 8 (0.22%) MiFID
16 6 (0.16%) GxP
16 6 (0.16%) NIST 800
System Software
1 200 (5.46%) Active Directory
2 180 (4.91%) Docker
3 82 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
5 27 (0.74%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.52%) Firmware
7 18 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.33%) XenDesktop
9 11 (0.30%) vSphere
10 10 (0.27%) XenApp
11 6 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.14%) HDFS
12 5 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
13 4 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.11%) NFS
13 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.082%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.082%) LXC
14 3 (0.082%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 132 (3.60%) Kubernetes
2 79 (2.16%) Ansible
3 63 (1.72%) Terraform
4 52 (1.42%) SCCM
5 50 (1.37%) Puppet
6 42 (1.15%) Single Sign-On
7 26 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
9 22 (0.60%) Kibana
10 13 (0.35%) Nagios
11 12 (0.33%) Control-M
11 12 (0.33%) Grafana
11 12 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
11 12 (0.33%) Prometheus
12 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
13 9 (0.25%) Nessus
13 9 (0.25%) Oozie
13 9 (0.25%) QRadar
13 9 (0.25%) WSUS
14 8 (0.22%) SCOM
Vendors
1 660 (18.02%) Microsoft
2 251 (6.85%) Oracle
3 179 (4.89%) Cisco
4 145 (3.96%) SAP
5 133 (3.63%) VMware
6 125 (3.41%) Google
7 91 (2.48%) Tableau
8 85 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
9 53 (1.45%) Citrix
10 51 (1.39%) Adobe
11 42 (1.15%) HP
12 39 (1.06%) Splunk
13 38 (1.04%) ServiceNow
14 36 (0.98%) Dell
15 32 (0.87%) EMC
15 32 (0.87%) NetApp
15 32 (0.87%) Red Hat
16 30 (0.82%) Workday
17 29 (0.79%) Databricks
18 27 (0.74%) Juniper