Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 47 43
Rank change year-on-year -5 -4 -7
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,920 4,739 4,699
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.35% 4.64% 4.91%
As % of the Qualifications category 22.79% 24.78% 25.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,287 2,679 2,882
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +4.88%
10th Percentile £256 £263 £250
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 252 249
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 £31.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% +9.89% +6.17%
10th Percentile £15.60 £13.50 £13.17
90th Percentile £68.60 £51.25 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year +21.43% +9.38% -8.57%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,198 19,128 18,595
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.10% 18.71% 19.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,433 11,336 11,259
UK median daily rate £473 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £250
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 830 931 938
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £22.93 £29.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.00% -22.92% +8.18%
10th Percentile £13.75 £12.63 £12.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £51.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £23.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year +56.52% -25.81% +10.71%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 3,590 £475 +4.40% 3,393
UK excluding London -8 2,018 £425 - 2,705
London +2 1,801 £506 +1.25% 989
South East -1 767 £450 +2.86% 731
North of England -20 314 £425 +3.66% 476
South West -7 245 £450 +12.50% 350
East of England +13 226 £420 -1.18% 454
Midlands +1 225 £450 +2.86% 398
Scotland +3 178 £360 -12.73% 192
North West -19 151 £448 +11.88% 253
West Midlands +8 148 £478 +0.53% 246
Yorkshire -14 124 £400 -5.88% 146
East Midlands -10 72 £420 -1.18% 151
Wales -24 41 £355 -12.35% 90
North East -28 41 £400 +5.96% 78
Northern Ireland -1 29 £338 -21.78% 18

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,248 (31.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,244 (31.73%) Computer Science
3 1,025 (26.15%) Finance
4 689 (17.58%) Analytical Skills
5 678 (17.30%) SQL
6 676 (17.24%) Microsoft
7 651 (16.61%) Computer Science Degree
8 582 (14.85%) Java
9 576 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
10 545 (13.90%) Project Management
11 525 (13.39%) Python
12 485 (12.37%) JavaScript
13 481 (12.27%) Mathematics
14 436 (11.12%) Windows
15 422 (10.77%) Software Engineering
16 412 (10.51%) Analytics
17 410 (10.46%) Linux
18 405 (10.33%) Security Cleared
19 381 (9.72%) Microsoft Azure
20 378 (9.64%) Scrum
21 359 (9.16%) C#
22 347 (8.85%) DevOps
23 336 (8.57%) ITIL
24 325 (8.29%) .NET
25 313 (7.98%) HTML
26 312 (7.96%) SC Cleared
27 308 (7.86%) Amazon AWS
28 297 (7.58%) Microsoft Excel
29 295 (7.53%) Banking
30 294 (7.50%) Master's Degree

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (3.34%) SharePoint
2 129 (3.29%) Apache Spark
3 85 (2.17%) Confluence
4 69 (1.76%) Skype for Business
5 68 (1.73%) SAS
6 54 (1.38%) Apache
7 46 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
8 36 (0.92%) MS Exchange
9 35 (0.89%) IIS
10 34 (0.87%) CMS
11 24 (0.61%) Tomcat
12 19 (0.48%) JBoss
13 17 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
14 11 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
15 10 (0.26%) ArcGIS
15 10 (0.26%) Jupyter
16 9 (0.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 9 (0.23%) Exchange Server 2013
16 9 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 9 (0.23%) WebSphere
Applications
1 297 (7.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 290 (7.40%) Microsoft Office
3 162 (4.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 67 (1.71%) MS Visio
5 55 (1.40%) Sketch
6 49 (1.25%) Microsoft Project
7 25 (0.64%) InVision
8 22 (0.56%) SPSS
9 20 (0.51%) Photoshop
9 20 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
10 17 (0.43%) Adobe Illustrator
11 14 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 14 (0.36%) Zeplin
12 13 (0.33%) AutoCAD
13 11 (0.28%) Simulink
13 11 (0.28%) Stata
14 9 (0.23%) Stateflow
15 8 (0.20%) Figma
15 8 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
16 7 (0.18%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 23 (0.59%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 21 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.51%) SAP S/4HANA
4 14 (0.36%) Oracle Receivables
5 12 (0.31%) NetSuite
6 10 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
6 10 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 9 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
7 9 (0.23%) SAP ERP
7 9 (0.23%) SAP HR
8 8 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
8 8 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
8 8 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
9 7 (0.18%) Markit EDM
9 7 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
10 6 (0.15%) HFM
10 6 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
10 6 (0.15%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 381 (9.72%) Microsoft Azure
2 308 (7.86%) Amazon AWS
3 148 (3.78%) Office 365
4 104 (2.65%) Power Platform
5 100 (2.55%) SaaS
6 90 (2.30%) Google Cloud Platform
7 69 (1.76%) IaaS
7 69 (1.76%) PaaS
8 54 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
9 52 (1.33%) GitHub
10 48 (1.22%) Serverless
11 41 (1.05%) Amazon S3
12 35 (0.89%) Azure Active Directory
13 32 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
14 29 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
15 26 (0.66%) Google Analytics
16 23 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Cloud
18 20 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
19 19 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 179 (4.57%) Firewall
2 122 (3.11%) Internet
3 121 (3.09%) TCP/IP
4 96 (2.45%) WAN
5 93 (2.37%) DNS
6 92 (2.35%) VPN
7 91 (2.32%) LAN
8 89 (2.27%) Skype
9 79 (2.02%) Wireless
10 68 (1.73%) Ethernet
11 67 (1.71%) Network Security
12 47 (1.20%) DHCP
13 46 (1.17%) MPLS
14 36 (0.92%) SAN
14 36 (0.92%) SSL
15 34 (0.87%) BGP
15 34 (0.87%) HTTP
16 31 (0.79%) Intranet
17 30 (0.77%) NAS
18 28 (0.71%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 291 (7.42%) SQL Server
2 217 (5.54%) Big Data
3 129 (3.29%) Hadoop
4 116 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
5 110 (2.81%) Relational Database
6 101 (2.58%) Power BI
7 98 (2.50%) MySQL
8 89 (2.27%) NoSQL
9 63 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 58 (1.48%) MongoDB
11 52 (1.33%) PostgreSQL
12 43 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 40 (1.02%) Oracle Database
14 38 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
15 37 (0.94%) QlikView
15 37 (0.94%) RDBMS
16 35 (0.89%) Amazon RDS
17 33 (0.84%) Data Mining
17 33 (0.84%) GIS
18 32 (0.82%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 289 (7.37%) Git (software)
2 204 (5.20%) JIRA
3 183 (4.67%) Jenkins
4 124 (3.16%) Visual Studio
5 60 (1.53%) Maven
6 59 (1.51%) Selenium
7 58 (1.48%) Eclipse
8 55 (1.40%) Cucumber
9 50 (1.28%) NetBeans
10 48 (1.22%) Visual Studio Team System
11 41 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
12 39 (0.99%) Subversion
13 38 (0.97%) Bitbucket
14 37 (0.94%) Gradle
15 36 (0.92%) webpack
16 35 (0.89%) Rational DOORS
17 34 (0.87%) TeamCity
18 29 (0.74%) JUnit
19 26 (0.66%) Axure RP
20 23 (0.59%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,025 (26.15%) Finance
2 295 (7.53%) Banking
3 255 (6.51%) Marketing
4 213 (5.43%) Public Sector
5 206 (5.26%) Telecoms
6 163 (4.16%) Retail
7 117 (2.98%) Legal
8 106 (2.70%) Manufacturing
9 94 (2.40%) Front Office
10 86 (2.19%) Financial Institution
11 84 (2.14%) Aerospace
12 80 (2.04%) Pharmaceutical
13 78 (1.99%) Electronics
14 71 (1.81%) Investment Banking
15 66 (1.68%) Military
16 50 (1.28%) Law
17 49 (1.25%) Advertising
18 44 (1.12%) Back Office
19 42 (1.07%) German Language
20 38 (0.97%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 739 (18.85%) Developer
2 557 (14.21%) Analyst
3 288 (7.35%) Architect
4 199 (5.08%) Project Manager
5 183 (4.67%) Business Analyst
6 167 (4.26%) Consultant
7 133 (3.39%) Software Engineer
8 127 (3.24%) Designer
9 118 (3.01%) Java Developer
10 100 (2.55%) Data Scientist
11 94 (2.40%) Data Engineer
11 94 (2.40%) Solutions Architect
12 89 (2.27%) Senior Developer
13 84 (2.14%) C# Developer
14 82 (2.09%) Software Developer
15 77 (1.96%) Data Analyst
16 76 (1.94%) .NET Developer
17 75 (1.91%) User Researcher
18 70 (1.79%) IT Manager
19 64 (1.63%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 325 (8.29%) .NET
2 313 (7.98%) HTML
3 273 (6.96%) Web Services
4 264 (6.73%) CSS
5 177 (4.52%) XML
6 166 (4.23%) AngularJS
7 150 (3.83%) React
8 149 (3.80%) Node.js
9 147 (3.75%) REST
10 143 (3.65%) RESTful
11 119 (3.04%) JSON
12 117 (2.98%) Spring
13 108 (2.76%) SOAP
14 99 (2.53%) HTML5
15 94 (2.40%) Kafka
16 75 (1.91%) ASP.NET
17 63 (1.61%) .NET Framework
18 59 (1.51%) CSS3
19 58 (1.48%) Middleware
20 56 (1.43%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 689 (17.58%) Analytical Skills
2 293 (7.47%) User Experience
3 253 (6.45%) Management Information System
4 162 (4.13%) Self-Motivation
5 160 (4.08%) Algorithms
6 106 (2.70%) Data Centre
7 92 (2.35%) Virtual Team
8 91 (2.32%) Data Structures
9 68 (1.73%) Greenfield Project
10 66 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
11 64 (1.63%) Public Cloud
12 63 (1.61%) Mobile App
13 57 (1.45%) Embedded Systems
14 48 (1.22%) Hedge funds
15 38 (0.97%) Life Science
15 38 (0.97%) Replication
16 37 (0.94%) Driving Licence
16 37 (0.94%) NHS
16 37 (0.94%) PMI
17 36 (0.92%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 436 (11.12%) Windows
2 410 (10.46%) Linux
3 164 (4.18%) Unix
4 107 (2.73%) Windows Server
5 83 (2.12%) Windows 10
6 61 (1.56%) Android
7 50 (1.28%) Apple iOS
8 43 (1.10%) Windows 7
9 35 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 27 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (0.54%) Solaris
11 21 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
12 20 (0.51%) Windows Server 2003
13 18 (0.46%) Mac OS
13 18 (0.46%) Ubuntu
14 10 (0.26%) CentOS
14 10 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
15 8 (0.20%) AIX
15 8 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 8 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (31.84%) Agile Software Development
2 1,244 (31.73%) Computer Science
3 576 (14.69%) Problem-Solving
4 545 (13.90%) Project Management
5 481 (12.27%) Mathematics
6 422 (10.77%) Software Engineering
7 412 (10.51%) Analytics
8 378 (9.64%) Scrum
9 347 (8.85%) DevOps
10 336 (8.57%) ITIL
11 275 (7.02%) Stakeholder Management
12 257 (6.56%) Test Automation
13 237 (6.05%) Data Science
13 237 (6.05%) Project Delivery
14 227 (5.79%) TDD
15 225 (5.74%) Decision-Making
16 221 (5.64%) Migration
17 214 (5.46%) Business Intelligence
18 212 (5.41%) Continuous Improvement
19 207 (5.28%) PRINCE2
Programming Languages
1 678 (17.30%) SQL
2 582 (14.85%) Java
3 525 (13.39%) Python
4 485 (12.37%) JavaScript
5 359 (9.16%) C#
6 287 (7.32%) C++
7 177 (4.52%) C
8 121 (3.09%) PowerShell
9 110 (2.81%) R
10 98 (2.50%) Perl
11 95 (2.42%) Scala
12 74 (1.89%) TypeScript
13 67 (1.71%) PHP
14 57 (1.45%) PL/SQL
15 55 (1.40%) Shell Script
16 50 (1.28%) Bash Shell
17 43 (1.10%) T-SQL
18 38 (0.97%) Java 8
19 35 (0.89%) MATLAB
19 35 (0.89%) VBA
Qualifications
1 651 (16.61%) Computer Science Degree
2 405 (10.33%) Security Cleared
3 312 (7.96%) SC Cleared
4 294 (7.50%) Master's Degree
5 123 (3.14%) CISSP
6 119 (3.04%) Cisco Certification
7 104 (2.65%) PhD
8 100 (2.55%) Microsoft Certification
9 99 (2.53%) PMI Certification
10 90 (2.30%) Numerate Degree
11 78 (1.99%) PMP
12 74 (1.89%) HND
13 71 (1.81%) ISEB
14 69 (1.76%) ISTQB
15 68 (1.73%) CISM
16 62 (1.58%) DV Cleared
17 58 (1.48%) CCNA
18 57 (1.45%) CCNP
19 45 (1.15%) CISA
19 45 (1.15%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (6.35%) QA
2 92 (2.35%) SLA
3 68 (1.73%) PMO
4 61 (1.56%) Data Quality
5 48 (1.22%) GDPR
6 30 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.77%) PCI DSS
7 29 (0.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 27 (0.69%) COBIT
9 24 (0.61%) NIST
10 18 (0.46%) MISRA
11 12 (0.31%) GxP
12 10 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
13 9 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
14 8 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
14 8 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 7 (0.18%) GMP
15 7 (0.18%) IFRS
15 7 (0.18%) MISRA C
15 7 (0.18%) P3O
System Software
1 169 (4.31%) Active Directory
2 168 (4.29%) Docker
3 74 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.79%) Firmware
5 26 (0.66%) Hyper-V
6 23 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
7 15 (0.38%) vSphere
8 13 (0.33%) HDFS
9 11 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.26%) LXC
11 9 (0.23%) XenApp
12 8 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.18%) ProxySG
14 6 (0.15%) XenDesktop
15 5 (0.13%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
15 5 (0.13%) VMware NSX
16 4 (0.10%) KVM
Systems Management
1 94 (2.40%) Kubernetes
2 64 (1.63%) Ansible
3 53 (1.35%) SCCM
4 47 (1.20%) Terraform
5 46 (1.17%) Puppet
6 31 (0.79%) Single Sign-On
7 23 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
8 22 (0.56%) Control-M
9 20 (0.51%) Microsoft Intune
10 18 (0.46%) Nagios
11 16 (0.41%) Kibana
12 15 (0.38%) SCOM
13 12 (0.31%) Oozie
14 11 (0.28%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 11 (0.28%) Microsoft Clustering
15 10 (0.26%) HP ALM
16 8 (0.20%) Grafana
16 8 (0.20%) Prometheus
16 8 (0.20%) SCVMM
17 7 (0.18%) Salt
Vendors
1 676 (17.24%) Microsoft
2 274 (6.99%) Oracle
3 181 (4.62%) SAP
4 157 (4.01%) Cisco
5 131 (3.34%) Google
6 118 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
7 116 (2.96%) VMware
8 100 (2.55%) Tableau
9 77 (1.96%) Adobe
10 46 (1.17%) HP
11 44 (1.12%) Citrix
12 43 (1.10%) Splunk
13 34 (0.87%) IBM
13 34 (0.87%) ServiceNow
14 33 (0.84%) Red Hat
15 32 (0.82%) Juniper
16 31 (0.79%) Cadence
17 28 (0.71%) Dell
18 27 (0.69%) Atlassian
19 26 (0.66%) BMC