Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 51 53
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 -5
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,194 1,712 3,981
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.51% 4.56% 4.33%
As % of the Qualifications category 23.48% 18.83% 22.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,864 1,021 2,333
10th Percentile £306 £250 £250
25th Percentile £400 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £506 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +12.33% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £659 £670
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £434 £425
% change year-on-year +3.73% +2.08% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 87 235
10th Percentile £14.30 £15.75 £16.10
25th Percentile £23.21 £21.00 £21.68
Median hourly rate £40.00 £31.00 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +29.03% -22.50% +13.35%
75th Percentile £51.56 £48.38 £50.00
90th Percentile £62.47 £56.55 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.42 £26.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year +56.29% -34.57% +15.71%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 13,605 9,091 17,515
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.23% 24.23% 19.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,780 5,968 10,986
10th Percentile £311 £288 £263
25th Percentile £400 £396 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +0.54% +2.78% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 686 339 767
10th Percentile £12.30 £15.75 £12.82
25th Percentile £16.25 £19.26 £17.50
Median hourly rate £29.00 £31.39 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.61% -10.31% +57.30%
75th Percentile £51.48 £48.75 £47.50
90th Percentile £64.31 £59.80 £55.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.00 £27.25 £36.00
% change year-on-year -0.92% -24.31% +60.00%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 2,596 £525 +15.38% 2,762
London +3 1,489 £550 +11.79% 858
UK excluding London +4 1,210 £450 +3.73% 2,093
Work from Home -8 720 £500 +9.29% 469
South East +10 393 £494 +9.78% 539
Scotland -3 194 £438 +2.94% 129
North of England -23 180 £510 +17.92% 463
East of England +7 139 £363 -14.71% 330
Midlands -1 138 £413 -2.94% 300
South West +7 133 £433 -9.90% 246
North West -20 97 £503 +20.14% 253
West Midlands -2 83 £425 -10.53% 198
Yorkshire -30 71 £510 +13.33% 128
East Midlands +7 51 £355 +9.23% 102
Northern Ireland +6 21 £475 +21.79% 24
Wales -7 18 £500 +8.11% 63
North East -6 11 £565 +23.84% 82

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,324 (41.45%) Social Skills
2 1,083 (33.91%) Computer Science
3 1,082 (33.88%) Agile Software Development
4 969 (30.34%) Finance
5 611 (19.13%) Problem-Solving
6 607 (19.00%) Python
7 603 (18.88%) Analytical Skills
8 560 (17.53%) Computer Science Degree
9 543 (17.00%) SQL
10 528 (16.53%) Azure
11 508 (15.90%) Microsoft
12 506 (15.84%) Java
13 480 (15.03%) Project Management
14 469 (14.68%) AWS
15 419 (13.12%) Analytics
16 357 (11.18%) Mathematics
17 356 (11.15%) Software Engineering
18 355 (11.11%) DevOps
19 351 (10.99%) JavaScript
20 335 (10.49%) Scrum
21 333 (10.43%) Security Cleared
22 327 (10.24%) Windows
23 307 (9.61%) User Experience
24 293 (9.17%) Banking
25 285 (8.92%) ITIL
26 281 (8.80%) Management Information System
27 270 (8.45%) Public Sector
28 263 (8.23%) Decision-Making
29 259 (8.11%) Git (software)
30 257 (8.05%) SC Cleared

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (3.38%) SharePoint
2 100 (3.13%) Apache Spark
3 95 (2.97%) Confluence
4 47 (1.47%) CMS
5 42 (1.31%) SAS
6 31 (0.97%) Apache
7 26 (0.81%) MS Exchange
8 24 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
8 24 (0.75%) IIS
9 23 (0.72%) Jupyter
9 23 (0.72%) Luigi
10 22 (0.69%) Skype for Business
11 15 (0.47%) Tomcat
12 14 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 13 (0.41%) WebSphere
14 12 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2013
14 12 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
15 11 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2010
15 11 (0.34%) nginx
16 10 (0.31%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 241 (7.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 203 (6.36%) Microsoft Office
3 129 (4.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 79 (2.47%) MS Visio
5 65 (2.04%) Microsoft Project
6 32 (1.00%) Photoshop
7 22 (0.69%) Adobe Illustrator
8 12 (0.38%) Sketch
9 10 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 10 (0.31%) InVision
10 9 (0.28%) Figma
10 9 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
11 8 (0.25%) AutoCAD
11 8 (0.25%) PTC Creo
11 8 (0.25%) Windchill
12 7 (0.22%) SPSS
12 7 (0.22%) Stata
12 7 (0.22%) UserZoom
13 4 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
13 4 (0.13%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 25 (0.78%) NetSuite
2 24 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
4 17 (0.53%) Teamcenter
5 15 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 14 (0.44%) ION MarketView
7 12 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 10 (0.31%) Adobe Campaign
9 8 (0.25%) SAP ERP
10 7 (0.22%) Magento
10 7 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
10 7 (0.22%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.22%) Workday HCM
11 6 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
12 5 (0.16%) Maximo
13 4 (0.13%) SAP CO
13 4 (0.13%) SAP EWM
13 4 (0.13%) SAP FI
13 4 (0.13%) SAP FI/CO
13 4 (0.13%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 528 (16.53%) Azure
2 469 (14.68%) AWS
3 157 (4.92%) GCP
4 146 (4.57%) Microsoft 365
5 115 (3.60%) Power Platform
6 77 (2.41%) SaaS
7 73 (2.29%) Serverless
8 51 (1.60%) PaaS
9 47 (1.47%) GitHub
10 43 (1.35%) Amazon S3
11 41 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
12 40 (1.25%) IaaS
13 39 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
13 39 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
14 35 (1.10%) Azure Functions
15 32 (1.00%) OpenShift
16 30 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
17 28 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
18 27 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
19 25 (0.78%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 99 (3.10%) Firewall
2 86 (2.69%) Network Security
3 72 (2.25%) LAN
3 72 (2.25%) WAN
4 69 (2.16%) DNS
5 57 (1.78%) VPN
6 53 (1.66%) TCP/IP
7 51 (1.60%) Internet
8 43 (1.35%) DHCP
9 41 (1.28%) Wireless
10 40 (1.25%) HTTP
11 33 (1.03%) Ethernet
12 31 (0.97%) 5G
13 30 (0.94%) MPLS
13 30 (0.94%) Wi-Fi
14 28 (0.88%) FTP
15 27 (0.85%) Skype
16 26 (0.81%) VLAN
17 25 (0.78%) Kerberos
17 25 (0.78%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (4.88%) SQL Server
2 126 (3.94%) Relational Database
3 112 (3.51%) Big Data
3 112 (3.51%) Data Warehouse
4 102 (3.19%) Power BI
5 94 (2.94%) Hadoop
6 77 (2.41%) NoSQL
7 67 (2.10%) Tableau
8 63 (1.97%) MySQL
8 63 (1.97%) PostgreSQL
9 47 (1.47%) Data Lake
10 41 (1.28%) Metadata
11 39 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
12 32 (1.00%) Data Mining
12 32 (1.00%) Oracle Database
13 29 (0.91%) MongoDB
14 28 (0.88%) QlikView
15 25 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
16 23 (0.72%) RDBMS
16 23 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 259 (8.11%) Git (software)
2 212 (6.64%) JIRA
3 142 (4.45%) Jenkins
4 50 (1.57%) Maven
5 49 (1.53%) Visual Studio
6 39 (1.22%) Bitbucket
7 35 (1.10%) Selenium
7 35 (1.10%) Subversion
8 32 (1.00%) Cucumber
8 32 (1.00%) GitLab
9 28 (0.88%) TeamCity
10 27 (0.85%) Eclipse
11 25 (0.78%) Rational DOORS
12 23 (0.72%) Postman
13 22 (0.69%) SonarQube
14 21 (0.66%) JUnit
15 19 (0.59%) Jasmine
15 19 (0.59%) Mocha
16 15 (0.47%) Axure RP
17 13 (0.41%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 1,324 (41.45%) Social Skills
2 969 (30.34%) Finance
3 603 (18.88%) Analytical Skills
4 293 (9.17%) Banking
5 270 (8.45%) Public Sector
6 229 (7.17%) Presentation Skills
7 215 (6.73%) Marketing
8 169 (5.29%) Telecoms
9 148 (4.63%) Front Office
10 119 (3.73%) Influencing Skills
11 111 (3.48%) Legal
12 103 (3.22%) Manufacturing
13 101 (3.16%) Retail
14 96 (3.01%) Investment Banking
15 66 (2.07%) Documentation Skills
16 64 (2.00%) Organisational Skills
17 59 (1.85%) Electronics
18 50 (1.57%) Back Office
19 47 (1.47%) Financial Institution
20 38 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 578 (18.10%) Developer
2 395 (12.37%) Analyst
3 248 (7.76%) Architect
4 178 (5.57%) Project Manager
5 166 (5.20%) Designer
6 153 (4.79%) Consultant
7 135 (4.23%) Java Developer
8 126 (3.94%) Business Analyst
9 122 (3.82%) Data Engineer
10 90 (2.82%) UX Designer
11 87 (2.72%) Senior Developer
12 84 (2.63%) Data Scientist
13 76 (2.38%) Software Engineer
13 76 (2.38%) UI Designer
14 75 (2.35%) React Developer
15 73 (2.29%) Data Analyst
16 71 (2.22%) Solutions Architect
17 68 (2.13%) UI/UX Designer
18 61 (1.91%) IT Manager
19 60 (1.88%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 246 (7.70%) HTML
2 192 (6.01%) .NET
3 186 (5.82%) React
4 182 (5.70%) CSS
5 172 (5.39%) Web Services
6 153 (4.79%) AngularJS
7 145 (4.54%) Node.js
8 131 (4.10%) REST
9 113 (3.54%) Kafka
10 91 (2.85%) RESTful
11 90 (2.82%) HTML5
11 90 (2.82%) Spring
12 70 (2.19%) XML
13 67 (2.10%) JSON
14 55 (1.72%) Spring Boot
15 51 (1.60%) Middleware
16 50 (1.57%) .NET Framework
17 48 (1.50%) .NET Core
18 46 (1.44%) jQuery
19 43 (1.35%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 307 (9.61%) User Experience
2 281 (8.80%) Management Information System
3 169 (5.29%) Self-Motivation
4 116 (3.63%) Algorithms
5 94 (2.94%) Social Media
6 73 (2.29%) Data Centre
7 71 (2.22%) Data Structures
8 65 (2.04%) Virtual Team
9 64 (2.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 64 (2.00%) NHS
10 49 (1.53%) Mobile App
11 46 (1.44%) PMI
12 45 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
13 41 (1.28%) Analytical Mindset
14 37 (1.16%) PKI
15 36 (1.13%) Derivative
16 35 (1.10%) Data Protection Act
16 35 (1.10%) Fixed Income
17 33 (1.03%) Legacy Systems
18 31 (0.97%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 327 (10.24%) Windows
2 252 (7.89%) Linux
3 120 (3.76%) Unix
4 89 (2.79%) Windows Server
5 78 (2.44%) Windows 10
6 48 (1.50%) Android
7 44 (1.38%) Apple iOS
8 30 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
9 26 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
11 23 (0.72%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.47%) Windows 7
13 13 (0.41%) Solaris
13 13 (0.41%) VMS
13 13 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
14 11 (0.34%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
15 7 (0.22%) CentOS
15 7 (0.22%) HPUX
16 6 (0.19%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,083 (33.91%) Computer Science
2 1,082 (33.88%) Agile Software Development
3 611 (19.13%) Problem-Solving
4 480 (15.03%) Project Management
5 419 (13.12%) Analytics
6 357 (11.18%) Mathematics
7 356 (11.15%) Software Engineering
8 355 (11.11%) DevOps
9 335 (10.49%) Scrum
10 285 (8.92%) ITIL
11 263 (8.23%) Decision-Making
12 216 (6.76%) Stakeholder Management
13 206 (6.45%) Migration
14 202 (6.32%) Cybersecurity
15 201 (6.29%) Data Science
16 200 (6.26%) Project Delivery
17 195 (6.11%) Test Automation
18 193 (6.04%) Business Intelligence
19 183 (5.73%) Microservices
19 183 (5.73%) PRINCE2
Programming Languages
1 607 (19.00%) Python
2 543 (17.00%) SQL
3 506 (15.84%) Java
4 351 (10.99%) JavaScript
5 232 (7.26%) C#
6 182 (5.70%) C++
7 140 (4.38%) PowerShell
8 124 (3.88%) R
9 117 (3.66%) C
10 81 (2.54%) TypeScript
11 67 (2.10%) Scala
12 65 (2.04%) Kotlin
13 55 (1.72%) Perl
14 54 (1.69%) VBA
15 53 (1.66%) Shell Script
16 49 (1.53%) Java 8
17 44 (1.38%) PL/SQL
17 44 (1.38%) Ruby
18 33 (1.03%) Bash Shell
19 32 (1.00%) VB
Qualifications
1 560 (17.53%) Computer Science Degree
2 333 (10.43%) Security Cleared
3 257 (8.05%) SC Cleared
4 210 (6.57%) Master's Degree
5 140 (4.38%) CISSP
6 126 (3.94%) Microsoft Certification
7 107 (3.35%) PMI Certification
8 99 (3.10%) PMP
9 95 (2.97%) Numerate Degree
10 90 (2.82%) CISM
11 80 (2.50%) Cisco Certification
12 69 (2.16%) MCSE
13 63 (1.97%) PhD
14 53 (1.66%) DV Cleared
15 47 (1.47%) CCNA
16 46 (1.44%) CCNP
17 44 (1.38%) ISTQB
18 40 (1.25%) ITIL Certification
19 38 (1.19%) CISA
19 38 (1.19%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (5.64%) QA
2 96 (3.01%) GDPR
3 64 (2.00%) PMO
4 60 (1.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 58 (1.82%) Data Quality
6 51 (1.60%) SLA
7 46 (1.44%) NIST
8 43 (1.35%) Accessibility
9 29 (0.91%) PCI DSS
10 24 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 21 (0.66%) GRC
12 18 (0.56%) NCSC
13 16 (0.50%) COBIT
13 16 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
14 12 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
14 12 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 11 (0.34%) ITGC
16 10 (0.31%) MiFID
17 9 (0.28%) IFRS
18 8 (0.25%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 161 (5.04%) Active Directory
2 156 (4.88%) Docker
3 87 (2.72%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.78%) XenApp
5 22 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
5 22 (0.69%) vSphere
6 17 (0.53%) Microsoft App-V
7 15 (0.47%) VMware NSX
8 11 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
10 9 (0.28%) Firmware
11 8 (0.25%) BitLocker
12 7 (0.22%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 7 (0.22%) HDFS
12 7 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
13 6 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (0.16%) vCloud
15 4 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
16 3 (0.094%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 169 (5.29%) Kubernetes
2 106 (3.32%) Terraform
3 72 (2.25%) Ansible
4 51 (1.60%) SCCM
5 33 (1.03%) Microsoft Intune
6 27 (0.85%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 27 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
7 25 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (0.72%) Puppet
9 17 (0.53%) Grafana
10 15 (0.47%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 13 (0.41%) Prometheus
12 12 (0.38%) WSUS
13 11 (0.34%) Kibana
14 10 (0.31%) logstash
14 10 (0.31%) vRealize
15 9 (0.28%) Consul
15 9 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
15 9 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
15 9 (0.28%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 508 (15.90%) Microsoft
2 242 (7.58%) Oracle
3 132 (4.13%) SAP
4 118 (3.69%) VMware
5 103 (3.22%) Google
5 103 (3.22%) Salesforce.com
6 93 (2.91%) Cisco
7 89 (2.79%) Adobe
8 58 (1.82%) Splunk
9 57 (1.78%) ServiceNow
10 51 (1.60%) Databricks
11 46 (1.44%) Citrix
12 43 (1.35%) Atlassian
12 43 (1.35%) IBM
13 39 (1.22%) HP
14 37 (1.16%) Alteryx
15 32 (1.00%) Red Hat
16 27 (0.85%) Juniper
17 25 (0.78%) MuleSoft
18 24 (0.75%) ESRI