Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 48 51 45
Rank change year-on-year +3 -6 -6
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,741 4,274 4,925
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.41% 4.43% 4.85%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.08% 22.78% 25.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,542 2,513 3,050
Median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £225 £258 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £420
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +6.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 235 289
Median hourly rate £37.50 £38.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.32% +8.57% +16.67%
10th Percentile £15.75 £16.00 £13.15
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.65 £58.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £36.25
% change year-on-year -9.68% +6.90% +14.17%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 13,648 18,760 19,512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.97% 19.46% 19.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,261 11,292 11,831
Median daily rate £473 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £253 £263 £231
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £408
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 663 854 874
Median hourly rate £35.00 £31.12 £23.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.49% +30.32% -13.18%
10th Percentile £15.50 £12.50 £12.46
90th Percentile £57.00 £52.51 £50.18
Median hourly rate £34.00 £27.52 £25.00
% change year-on-year +23.57% +10.06% -9.09%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2,481 £450 -5.26% 2,391
UK excluding London +6 1,494 £425 - 1,821
London -2 1,148 £500 - 765
South East +2 483 £410 -8.89% 488
North of England +23 317 £430 +3.61% 314
South West +5 203 £450 +12.50% 256
East of England +8 183 £425 - 312
North West +8 148 £413 +0.61% 160
Midlands -11 141 £445 -1.11% 257
Yorkshire +51 125 £450 +12.50% 99
Scotland -16 121 £388 -1.27% 114
West Midlands -21 80 £450 -7.02% 186
Work from Home +2 69 £450 -10.00% 104
East Midlands 0 60 £375 -1.96% 70
North East +19 49 £413 -0.60% 55
Wales -5 28 £375 +5.26% 63
Northern Ireland +7 22 £175 -57.52% 20
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 850 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
2 839 (30.61%) Computer Science
3 617 (22.51%) Finance
4 522 (19.04%) Analytical Skills
5 476 (17.37%) Problem-Solving
6 468 (17.07%) Computer Science Degree
7 446 (16.27%) Microsoft
8 426 (15.54%) SQL
9 417 (15.21%) Java
10 379 (13.83%) Mathematics
11 363 (13.24%) Project Management
12 342 (12.48%) Python
13 331 (12.08%) JavaScript
14 322 (11.75%) Azure
15 284 (10.36%) Security Cleared
16 280 (10.22%) Software Engineering
17 271 (9.89%) Windows
18 261 (9.52%) C#
19 260 (9.49%) Analytics
20 248 (9.05%) Linux
21 244 (8.90%) DevOps
22 228 (8.32%) HTML
22 228 (8.32%) Scrum
23 227 (8.28%) ITIL
24 226 (8.25%) AWS
25 225 (8.21%) Git (software)
26 220 (8.03%) User Experience
26 220 (8.03%) SQL Server
27 215 (7.84%) Stakeholder Management
28 212 (7.73%) Public Sector

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (3.43%) Apache Spark
2 73 (2.66%) SharePoint
3 47 (1.71%) SAS
4 44 (1.61%) Apache
5 35 (1.28%) Confluence
6 33 (1.20%) Jupyter
7 23 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
7 23 (0.84%) IIS
8 21 (0.77%) CMS
9 17 (0.62%) MS Exchange
9 17 (0.62%) WebLogic
10 14 (0.51%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.47%) WebSphere
12 12 (0.44%) Skype for Business
13 10 (0.36%) JBoss
13 10 (0.36%) OpenStack
14 9 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 8 (0.29%) ArcGIS
16 6 (0.22%) Moodle
Applications
1 171 (6.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 170 (6.20%) Microsoft Office
3 81 (2.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 50 (1.82%) Microsoft Project
5 32 (1.17%) Sketch
6 30 (1.09%) MS Visio
7 26 (0.95%) InVision
8 15 (0.55%) Adobe Illustrator
9 13 (0.47%) Adobe XD
10 12 (0.44%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 12 (0.44%) Photoshop
11 11 (0.40%) Windchill
12 10 (0.36%) SPSS
13 8 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
14 7 (0.26%) Stata
15 6 (0.22%) Chatbot
15 6 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
15 6 (0.22%) Simulink
16 5 (0.18%) 3ds Max
17 4 (0.15%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 19 (0.69%) BusinessWorks
2 17 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.47%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
6 9 (0.33%) SAP ERP
6 9 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
7 6 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.22%) Teamcenter
8 5 (0.18%) Cognos TM1
8 5 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
8 5 (0.18%) Primavera
9 4 (0.15%) Elite 3E
9 4 (0.15%) Magento
9 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.15%) SAP BPC
9 4 (0.15%) SAP HR
9 4 (0.15%) Sprinklr
9 4 (0.15%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 322 (11.75%) Azure
2 226 (8.25%) AWS
3 103 (3.76%) GCP
4 100 (3.65%) Power Platform
5 88 (3.21%) Office 365
6 83 (3.03%) SaaS
7 70 (2.55%) PaaS
8 52 (1.90%) IaaS
9 46 (1.68%) GitHub
10 44 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
11 26 (0.95%) OpenShift
12 23 (0.84%) Serverless
13 22 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
14 21 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (0.58%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 15 (0.55%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 13 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
18 11 (0.40%) Amazon S3
18 11 (0.40%) OneDrive
18 11 (0.40%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 98 (3.58%) Firewall
2 73 (2.66%) TCP/IP
3 67 (2.44%) LAN
4 66 (2.41%) WAN
5 53 (1.93%) DNS
6 52 (1.90%) Internet
6 52 (1.90%) VPN
6 52 (1.90%) Wireless
7 48 (1.75%) HTTP
8 42 (1.53%) Ethernet
9 35 (1.28%) VoIP
10 31 (1.13%) Network Security
11 29 (1.06%) DHCP
12 28 (1.02%) 4G
13 26 (0.95%) OSPF
13 26 (0.95%) SAN
14 24 (0.88%) 3G
14 24 (0.88%) BGP
15 23 (0.84%) 5G
16 22 (0.80%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 220 (8.03%) SQL Server
2 141 (5.14%) Big Data
3 98 (3.58%) Power BI
4 90 (3.28%) Relational Database
5 65 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
6 62 (2.26%) NoSQL
7 58 (2.12%) Hadoop
8 49 (1.79%) MySQL
9 41 (1.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 38 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 37 (1.35%) Oracle Database
12 33 (1.20%) MongoDB
13 30 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
14 27 (0.99%) RDBMS
15 23 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (0.80%) Apache Hive
16 22 (0.80%) GIS
16 22 (0.80%) QlikView
17 21 (0.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 19 (0.69%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 225 (8.21%) Git (software)
2 126 (4.60%) Jenkins
3 121 (4.41%) JIRA
4 49 (1.79%) Visual Studio
5 48 (1.75%) Maven
6 44 (1.61%) Eclipse
7 35 (1.28%) NetBeans
8 28 (1.02%) JUnit
9 25 (0.91%) Selenium
10 23 (0.84%) Team Foundation Server
11 20 (0.73%) Axure RP
12 19 (0.69%) Bitbucket
12 19 (0.69%) Cucumber
12 19 (0.69%) TeamCity
13 17 (0.62%) Visual Studio Team System
14 16 (0.58%) git-flow
14 16 (0.58%) Rational DOORS
14 16 (0.58%) Subversion
15 15 (0.55%) Octopus Deploy
15 15 (0.55%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 617 (22.51%) Finance
2 212 (7.73%) Public Sector
3 169 (6.17%) Banking
4 135 (4.93%) Telecoms
5 112 (4.09%) Marketing
6 93 (3.39%) Front Office
7 81 (2.96%) Legal
8 72 (2.63%) Retail
9 67 (2.44%) Aerospace
10 64 (2.33%) Manufacturing
11 62 (2.26%) Military
12 55 (2.01%) Investment Banking
12 55 (2.01%) Pharmaceutical
13 38 (1.39%) Electronics
13 38 (1.39%) Publishing
14 30 (1.09%) Back Office
15 29 (1.06%) Games
16 26 (0.95%) Law
17 25 (0.91%) Financial Institution
18 21 (0.77%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 532 (19.41%) Developer
2 363 (13.24%) Analyst
3 177 (6.46%) Architect
4 138 (5.03%) Project Manager
5 118 (4.30%) Designer
6 100 (3.65%) Consultant
7 99 (3.61%) Business Analyst
8 91 (3.32%) Java Developer
9 86 (3.14%) C# Developer
10 73 (2.66%) Software Engineer
11 72 (2.63%) User Researcher
12 65 (2.37%) Data Scientist
13 61 (2.23%) Data Analyst
14 58 (2.12%) Solutions Architect
15 53 (1.93%) Data Engineer
16 51 (1.86%) Support Engineer
17 46 (1.68%) .NET Developer
17 46 (1.68%) Python Developer
17 46 (1.68%) Systems Engineer
18 44 (1.61%) Service Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 228 (8.32%) HTML
2 199 (7.26%) Web Services
3 195 (7.11%) CSS
4 180 (6.57%) .NET
5 130 (4.74%) XML
6 124 (4.52%) AngularJS
7 107 (3.90%) React
8 103 (3.76%) Node.js
9 83 (3.03%) RESTful
10 78 (2.85%) Spring
11 76 (2.77%) REST
12 71 (2.59%) Kafka
13 67 (2.44%) HTML5
14 64 (2.33%) JSON
15 53 (1.93%) SOAP
16 51 (1.86%) TensorFlow
17 43 (1.57%) ASP.NET
17 43 (1.57%) Pandas
18 42 (1.53%) jQuery
19 41 (1.50%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 522 (19.04%) Analytical Skills
2 220 (8.03%) User Experience
3 183 (6.68%) Management Information System
4 125 (4.56%) Self-Motivation
5 87 (3.17%) Algorithms
6 79 (2.88%) Data Centre
7 57 (2.08%) Mobile App
8 56 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
9 51 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 44 (1.61%) Data Structures
11 42 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
12 38 (1.39%) Public Cloud
12 38 (1.39%) Virtual Team
13 33 (1.20%) PMI
14 30 (1.09%) Hedge funds
15 29 (1.06%) Social Media
16 26 (0.95%) Life Science
17 25 (0.91%) NHS
18 22 (0.80%) Derivative
19 19 (0.69%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 271 (9.89%) Windows
2 248 (9.05%) Linux
3 102 (3.72%) Unix
4 72 (2.63%) Windows Server
5 64 (2.33%) Windows 10
6 56 (2.04%) Android
7 52 (1.90%) Apple iOS
8 28 (1.02%) Windows 7
8 28 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
9 25 (0.91%) Windows Server 2008
10 20 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.33%) Solaris
11 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
11 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.26%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.22%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.22%) VMS
14 5 (0.18%) CentOS
14 5 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
15 4 (0.15%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 850 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
2 839 (30.61%) Computer Science
3 476 (17.37%) Problem-Solving
4 379 (13.83%) Mathematics
5 363 (13.24%) Project Management
6 280 (10.22%) Software Engineering
7 260 (9.49%) Analytics
8 244 (8.90%) DevOps
9 228 (8.32%) Scrum
10 227 (8.28%) ITIL
11 215 (7.84%) Stakeholder Management
12 181 (6.60%) Business Intelligence
13 167 (6.09%) Change Management
13 167 (6.09%) Decision-Making
13 167 (6.09%) Test Automation
14 163 (5.95%) Continuous Integration
15 153 (5.58%) Continuous Improvement
16 150 (5.47%) PRINCE2
17 149 (5.44%) Project Delivery
18 145 (5.29%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 426 (15.54%) SQL
2 417 (15.21%) Java
3 342 (12.48%) Python
4 331 (12.08%) JavaScript
5 261 (9.52%) C#
6 143 (5.22%) C
7 129 (4.71%) C++
8 64 (2.33%) PowerShell
8 64 (2.33%) Scala
9 61 (2.23%) R
10 59 (2.15%) T-SQL
11 45 (1.64%) TypeScript
12 39 (1.42%) VBA
13 36 (1.31%) PHP
14 34 (1.24%) Java 8
15 32 (1.17%) GLSL
16 30 (1.09%) HLSL
16 30 (1.09%) Shell Script
17 27 (0.99%) PL/SQL
18 23 (0.84%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 468 (17.07%) Computer Science Degree
2 284 (10.36%) Security Cleared
3 211 (7.70%) SC Cleared
4 203 (7.41%) Master's Degree
5 85 (3.10%) PMI Certification
6 80 (2.92%) Cisco Certification
7 76 (2.77%) CISSP
8 74 (2.70%) Numerate Degree
9 71 (2.59%) Microsoft Certification
10 62 (2.26%) PMP
11 57 (2.08%) PhD
12 52 (1.90%) HND
13 51 (1.86%) CISM
14 43 (1.57%) CCNA
15 40 (1.46%) DV Cleared
16 34 (1.24%) CCNP
17 33 (1.20%) HNC
18 32 (1.17%) ITIL Certification
19 30 (1.09%) Postgraduate
20 29 (1.06%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 138 (5.03%) QA
2 60 (2.19%) SLA
3 56 (2.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 46 (1.68%) PMO
5 45 (1.64%) Data Quality
6 40 (1.46%) GDPR
7 25 (0.91%) PCI DSS
8 24 (0.88%) NIST
9 18 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 14 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 13 (0.47%) COBIT
12 9 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
13 8 (0.29%) GxP
13 8 (0.29%) NCSC
14 7 (0.26%) IFRS
14 7 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 6 (0.22%) HL7
15 6 (0.22%) P3O
16 5 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
16 5 (0.18%) DO-254
System Software
1 116 (4.23%) Active Directory
2 112 (4.09%) Docker
3 51 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (0.55%) HDFS
5 15 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.55%) vSphere
6 10 (0.36%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.36%) XenApp
7 7 (0.26%) Firmware
8 6 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
9 5 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.18%) XenDesktop
10 3 (0.11%) NFS
10 3 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.073%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.073%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.073%) Samba
11 2 (0.073%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.036%) IAG
Systems Management
1 99 (3.61%) Kubernetes
2 57 (2.08%) Ansible
3 35 (1.28%) Terraform
4 20 (0.73%) SCCM
5 17 (0.62%) Puppet
6 16 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
7 12 (0.44%) Microsoft Intune
7 12 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
8 11 (0.40%) Nessus
9 9 (0.33%) Grafana
9 9 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
10 7 (0.26%) Backup Exec
10 7 (0.26%) Kibana
11 6 (0.22%) Netcool
11 6 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 6 (0.22%) SnapMirror
12 5 (0.18%) Control-M
12 5 (0.18%) Oracle RMAN
12 5 (0.18%) QRadar
Vendors
1 446 (16.27%) Microsoft
2 191 (6.97%) Oracle
3 105 (3.83%) Google
4 94 (3.43%) SAP
5 85 (3.10%) Tableau
6 80 (2.92%) Cisco
7 68 (2.48%) VMware
8 53 (1.93%) Adobe
9 47 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
10 40 (1.46%) Splunk
11 37 (1.35%) Citrix
12 33 (1.20%) Dell
13 28 (1.02%) HP
13 28 (1.02%) Red Hat
14 24 (0.88%) IBM
15 22 (0.80%) EMC
16 21 (0.77%) Cognos
16 21 (0.77%) Juniper
17 20 (0.73%) Atlassian
17 20 (0.73%) TIBCO