Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 47 49 45
Rank change year-on-year +2 -4 -5
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,163 4,523 4,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.42% 4.62% 4.89%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.74% 24.00% 25.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,805 2,558 3,131
UK median daily rate £450 £454 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.83% +0.83% +5.88%
10th Percentile £239 £263 £258
90th Percentile £660 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £425 £400
% change year-on-year -1.18% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 214 245 277
UK median hourly rate £42.46 £37.52 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.17% +15.45% +17.12%
10th Percentile £15.46 £15.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% +14.29% +13.91%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,251 18,849 19,002
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.33% 19.24% 19.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,385 11,229 11,707
UK median daily rate £455 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.11% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £256 £256 £225
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 715 893 832
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +20.00% -5.66%
10th Percentile £14.35 £12.55 £12.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.73 £27.50 £25.92
% change year-on-year +22.65% +6.12% -5.76%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 2,900 £450 -5.26% 3,167
UK excluding London -3 1,674 £420 -1.18% 2,474
London +4 1,376 £500 - 948
South East 0 603 £425 -5.56% 691
North of England -6 294 £415 -2.35% 433
East of England +27 262 £400 -5.88% 414
South West -13 200 £450 +12.50% 350
North West -8 156 £419 +4.69% 242
Midlands -24 151 £428 -5.00% 330
Scotland -15 123 £375 -6.25% 170
West Midlands -33 85 £450 -5.26% 205
Yorkshire +3 84 £400 -8.31% 138
East Midlands -10 66 £410 -3.53% 124
North East +10 60 £450 +5.88% 53
Northern Ireland +3 24 £175 -57.52% 23
Wales -14 23 £278 -30.63% 67
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,010 (31.93%) Agile Software Development
2 996 (31.49%) Computer Science
3 732 (23.14%) Finance
4 617 (19.51%) Analytical Skills
5 571 (18.05%) Microsoft
6 539 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
7 504 (15.93%) Computer Science Degree
8 495 (15.65%) SQL
9 486 (15.37%) Java
10 428 (13.53%) Mathematics
11 398 (12.58%) Python
12 387 (12.24%) Project Management
13 383 (12.11%) JavaScript
14 369 (11.67%) Azure
15 331 (10.46%) Windows
16 328 (10.37%) Analytics
17 324 (10.24%) Security Cleared
18 298 (9.42%) Software Engineering
19 293 (9.26%) Git (software)
20 287 (9.07%) Linux
21 284 (8.98%) ITIL
22 282 (8.92%) Scrum
23 281 (8.88%) C#
24 267 (8.44%) DevOps
25 254 (8.03%) SC Cleared
26 248 (7.84%) SQL Server
27 244 (7.71%) AWS
28 237 (7.49%) HTML
29 234 (7.40%) Business Intelligence
30 232 (7.33%) Microsoft Office

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (3.60%) Apache Spark
2 94 (2.97%) SharePoint
3 63 (1.99%) Apache
4 57 (1.80%) Confluence
5 47 (1.49%) SAS
6 32 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
7 31 (0.98%) Skype for Business
8 30 (0.95%) Jupyter
9 25 (0.79%) MS Exchange
10 24 (0.76%) IIS
11 23 (0.73%) CMS
12 22 (0.70%) Tomcat
13 18 (0.57%) WebLogic
14 15 (0.47%) JBoss
15 13 (0.41%) OpenStack
16 12 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 12 (0.38%) WebSphere
17 11 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2010
18 10 (0.32%) ArcGIS
18 10 (0.32%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 232 (7.33%) Microsoft Office
2 209 (6.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 97 (3.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 51 (1.61%) Microsoft Project
5 40 (1.26%) MS Visio
6 30 (0.95%) Sketch
7 25 (0.79%) InVision
8 16 (0.51%) Photoshop
9 12 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 12 (0.38%) SPSS
10 11 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
10 11 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.35%) Windchill
11 8 (0.25%) Stata
12 7 (0.22%) Simulink
13 6 (0.19%) Stateflow
14 5 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
14 5 (0.16%) Zeplin
15 4 (0.13%) Adobe XD
15 4 (0.13%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 22 (0.70%) BusinessWorks
2 16 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.35%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.28%) FINCAD Analytics
5 9 (0.28%) SAP ERP
5 9 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
6 8 (0.25%) SAP HR
6 8 (0.25%) thinkFolio
7 6 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.19%) Primavera
8 5 (0.16%) Cognos TM1
8 5 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.16%) SAP HCM
8 5 (0.16%) SAP MDG
8 5 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 4 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.13%) Teamcenter
9 4 (0.13%) Temenos T24
10 3 (0.095%) Movex
Cloud Services
1 369 (11.67%) Azure
2 244 (7.71%) AWS
3 135 (4.27%) Office 365
4 128 (4.05%) Power Platform
5 100 (3.16%) SaaS
6 93 (2.94%) PaaS
7 85 (2.69%) GCP
8 76 (2.40%) IaaS
9 56 (1.77%) Cloud Computing
10 50 (1.58%) Serverless
11 44 (1.39%) GitHub
12 41 (1.30%) Azure Active Directory
13 28 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
14 22 (0.70%) OpenShift
15 20 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
15 20 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
16 18 (0.57%) Amazon S3
16 18 (0.57%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 18 (0.57%) Google Analytics
17 16 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 134 (4.24%) Firewall
2 98 (3.10%) DNS
3 96 (3.04%) TCP/IP
4 85 (2.69%) Internet
5 70 (2.21%) WAN
6 68 (2.15%) LAN
7 61 (1.93%) HTTP
8 59 (1.87%) VPN
9 52 (1.64%) DHCP
10 45 (1.42%) Ethernet
10 45 (1.42%) Network Security
11 43 (1.36%) Wireless
12 41 (1.30%) SAN
12 41 (1.30%) Skype
13 35 (1.11%) NAS
14 27 (0.85%) 4G
14 27 (0.85%) BGP
14 27 (0.85%) Cisco ASA
14 27 (0.85%) VoIP
15 25 (0.79%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (7.84%) SQL Server
2 150 (4.74%) Big Data
3 128 (4.05%) Power BI
4 92 (2.91%) Relational Database
5 90 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
6 82 (2.59%) Hadoop
6 82 (2.59%) NoSQL
7 63 (1.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 60 (1.90%) MySQL
9 57 (1.80%) MongoDB
10 45 (1.42%) Oracle Database
10 45 (1.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 34 (1.07%) Amazon Redshift
12 33 (1.04%) Azure SQL Database
12 33 (1.04%) PostgreSQL
13 32 (1.01%) RDBMS
14 30 (0.95%) Data Mining
15 26 (0.82%) Data Lake
15 26 (0.82%) GIS
16 24 (0.76%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 293 (9.26%) Git (software)
2 163 (5.15%) Jenkins
3 156 (4.93%) JIRA
4 62 (1.96%) Visual Studio
5 55 (1.74%) Maven
6 45 (1.42%) Eclipse
7 43 (1.36%) Selenium
8 37 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
9 34 (1.07%) Cucumber
10 33 (1.04%) JUnit
10 33 (1.04%) NetBeans
11 30 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
12 27 (0.85%) Bitbucket
13 26 (0.82%) TeamCity
14 20 (0.63%) Subversion
15 19 (0.60%) Gradle
15 19 (0.60%) Sonatype Nexus
16 17 (0.54%) Grunt
16 17 (0.54%) Rational DOORS
17 15 (0.47%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 732 (23.14%) Finance
2 213 (6.73%) Public Sector
3 184 (5.82%) Banking
4 154 (4.87%) Telecoms
5 112 (3.54%) Marketing
6 104 (3.29%) Front Office
7 91 (2.88%) Legal
8 87 (2.75%) Retail
9 77 (2.43%) Manufacturing
10 67 (2.12%) Aerospace
10 67 (2.12%) Pharmaceutical
11 64 (2.02%) Military
12 63 (1.99%) Investment Banking
13 56 (1.77%) Publishing
14 55 (1.74%) Electronics
15 45 (1.42%) Back Office
16 44 (1.39%) Games
17 35 (1.11%) Law
18 34 (1.07%) Advertising
19 28 (0.89%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 648 (20.49%) Developer
2 461 (14.57%) Analyst
3 205 (6.48%) Architect
4 150 (4.74%) Project Manager
5 133 (4.20%) Business Analyst
6 130 (4.11%) Consultant
7 119 (3.76%) Designer
8 109 (3.45%) Java Developer
9 95 (3.00%) Software Engineer
10 89 (2.81%) C# Developer
11 88 (2.78%) Data Analyst
12 75 (2.37%) Data Scientist
13 72 (2.28%) Data Engineer
13 72 (2.28%) Solutions Architect
14 61 (1.93%) .NET Developer
14 61 (1.93%) Senior Developer
15 60 (1.90%) Python Developer
16 58 (1.83%) Support Engineer
17 57 (1.80%) Service Analyst
18 53 (1.68%) User Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 237 (7.49%) HTML
2 232 (7.33%) Web Services
3 198 (6.26%) CSS
4 197 (6.23%) .NET
5 177 (5.60%) React
6 165 (5.22%) XML
7 154 (4.87%) AngularJS
8 119 (3.76%) REST
9 109 (3.45%) Node.js
10 99 (3.13%) Spring
11 96 (3.04%) Kafka
11 96 (3.04%) RESTful
12 82 (2.59%) JSON
13 77 (2.43%) HTML5
14 76 (2.40%) SOAP
15 57 (1.80%) Vue.js
16 47 (1.49%) Pandas
17 41 (1.30%) .NET Framework
17 41 (1.30%) CSS3
17 41 (1.30%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 617 (19.51%) Analytical Skills
2 227 (7.18%) User Experience
3 219 (6.92%) Management Information System
4 147 (4.65%) Self-Motivation
5 116 (3.67%) Algorithms
6 96 (3.04%) Data Centre
7 83 (2.62%) Data Structures
8 80 (2.53%) Mobile App
9 57 (1.80%) Public Cloud
10 52 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
11 51 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
12 48 (1.52%) Hedge funds
13 42 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 41 (1.30%) Virtual Team
15 34 (1.07%) Life Science
15 34 (1.07%) Social Media
16 31 (0.98%) Derivative
16 31 (0.98%) Replication
17 30 (0.95%) Driving Licence
17 30 (0.95%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 331 (10.46%) Windows
2 287 (9.07%) Linux
3 103 (3.26%) Unix
4 86 (2.72%) Windows 10
5 84 (2.66%) Windows Server
6 64 (2.02%) Android
7 55 (1.74%) Apple iOS
8 41 (1.30%) Windows 7
9 30 (0.95%) Windows Server 2008
10 27 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 24 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
12 15 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
13 11 (0.35%) Mac OS
14 9 (0.28%) Ubuntu
15 8 (0.25%) CentOS
15 8 (0.25%) Solaris
16 7 (0.22%) Mac OS X
16 7 (0.22%) SUSE
16 7 (0.22%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 7 (0.22%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,010 (31.93%) Agile Software Development
2 996 (31.49%) Computer Science
3 539 (17.04%) Problem-Solving
4 428 (13.53%) Mathematics
5 387 (12.24%) Project Management
6 328 (10.37%) Analytics
7 298 (9.42%) Software Engineering
8 284 (8.98%) ITIL
9 282 (8.92%) Scrum
10 267 (8.44%) DevOps
11 234 (7.40%) Business Intelligence
12 232 (7.33%) Stakeholder Management
13 205 (6.48%) Decision-Making
14 202 (6.39%) Test Automation
15 187 (5.91%) TDD
16 183 (5.79%) Project Delivery
17 181 (5.72%) Continuous Integration
18 179 (5.66%) Data Science
19 176 (5.56%) Continuous Improvement
20 172 (5.44%) PRINCE2
Programming Languages
1 495 (15.65%) SQL
2 486 (15.37%) Java
3 398 (12.58%) Python
4 383 (12.11%) JavaScript
5 281 (8.88%) C#
6 188 (5.94%) C
7 165 (5.22%) C++
8 94 (2.97%) PowerShell
9 81 (2.56%) Scala
10 78 (2.47%) R
11 64 (2.02%) T-SQL
12 60 (1.90%) PHP
13 58 (1.83%) TypeScript
14 41 (1.30%) Ruby
15 38 (1.20%) Java 8
16 35 (1.11%) Bash Shell
17 32 (1.01%) PL/SQL
18 28 (0.89%) GLSL
18 28 (0.89%) HLSL
19 27 (0.85%) VBA
Qualifications
1 504 (15.93%) Computer Science Degree
2 324 (10.24%) Security Cleared
3 254 (8.03%) SC Cleared
4 215 (6.80%) Master's Degree
5 100 (3.16%) Microsoft Certification
6 90 (2.85%) PMI Certification
7 88 (2.78%) Cisco Certification
8 87 (2.75%) CISSP
9 86 (2.72%) Numerate Degree
10 70 (2.21%) PMP
11 63 (1.99%) HND
12 62 (1.96%) PhD
13 56 (1.77%) CCNA
14 50 (1.58%) CISM
15 46 (1.45%) CCNP
16 43 (1.36%) MCSE
17 42 (1.33%) ISEB
18 33 (1.04%) DV Cleared
19 30 (0.95%) GIAC
19 30 (0.95%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 178 (5.63%) QA
2 68 (2.15%) Data Quality
2 68 (2.15%) SLA
3 53 (1.68%) PMO
4 50 (1.58%) GDPR
5 47 (1.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.95%) NIST
7 21 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 20 (0.63%) PCI DSS
9 16 (0.51%) COBIT
10 14 (0.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 10 (0.32%) NCSC
12 9 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
13 8 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
13 8 (0.25%) GxP
14 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 6 (0.19%) NIST 800
16 5 (0.16%) MiFID
16 5 (0.16%) P3O
17 4 (0.13%) DO-254
System Software
1 175 (5.53%) Active Directory
2 128 (4.05%) Docker
3 69 (2.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.47%) Hyper-V
6 13 (0.41%) HDFS
6 13 (0.41%) vSphere
7 11 (0.35%) Firmware
7 11 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
8 10 (0.32%) XenApp
8 10 (0.32%) XenDesktop
9 7 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.13%) NFS
11 3 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.095%) Samba
11 3 (0.095%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.063%) iptables
12 2 (0.063%) KVM
12 2 (0.063%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 111 (3.51%) Kubernetes
2 74 (2.34%) Ansible
3 47 (1.49%) Terraform
4 38 (1.20%) Puppet
5 34 (1.07%) SCCM
6 31 (0.98%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (0.60%) Microsoft Intune
9 15 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
10 11 (0.35%) Nessus
11 10 (0.32%) Control-M
11 10 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.32%) Kibana
12 9 (0.28%) Grafana
12 9 (0.28%) QRadar
13 8 (0.25%) Backup Exec
14 7 (0.22%) logstash
14 7 (0.22%) Nagios
14 7 (0.22%) Prometheus
15 6 (0.19%) WSUS
Vendors
1 571 (18.05%) Microsoft
2 223 (7.05%) Oracle
3 134 (4.24%) Cisco
4 111 (3.51%) SAP
4 111 (3.51%) Tableau
5 105 (3.32%) Google
6 95 (3.00%) VMware
7 64 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
8 50 (1.58%) Adobe
9 42 (1.33%) Citrix
10 36 (1.14%) HP
11 34 (1.07%) Red Hat
11 34 (1.07%) ServiceNow
12 31 (0.98%) Splunk
13 30 (0.95%) Dell
14 29 (0.92%) IBM
14 29 (0.92%) Workday
15 28 (0.89%) EMC
16 26 (0.82%) Cognos
17 25 (0.79%) TIBCO