Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 54 51 51
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 +3
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,738 3,052 1,921
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.17% 4.60% 4.65%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.88% 23.36% 19.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,279 1,797 1,126
10th Percentile £329 £305 £248
25th Percentile £425 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £557
90th Percentile £750 £713 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £450 £433
% change year-on-year +3.33% +4.05% +0.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 215 202 106
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.01 £15.75
25th Percentile £22.67 £24.02 £21.10
Median hourly rate £41.50 £41.68 £34.34
Median % change year-on-year -0.43% +21.38% -14.16%
75th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £68.25 £62.31 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.92 £42.50 £31.25
% change year-on-year +5.69% +36.00% -21.88%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,904 13,065 9,906
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.99% 19.69% 23.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,121 8,462 6,445
10th Percentile £350 £306 £292
25th Percentile £438 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.96% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £630 £588 £574
90th Percentile £713 £675 £639
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £458
% change year-on-year +8.11% +0.93% +1.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 757 653 388
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.96 £15.50
25th Percentile £20.00 £16.83 £18.48
Median hourly rate £44.50 £32.50 £30.03
Median % change year-on-year +36.92% +8.24% -10.10%
75th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £48.75
90th Percentile £69.23 £64.42 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £28.50 £25.83
% change year-on-year +31.58% +10.36% -22.68%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 3,094 £544 +3.57% 1,837
London 0 1,765 £563 +2.41% 571
Work from Home -5 1,573 £525 +5.00% 628
UK excluding London -7 1,338 £465 +3.33% 1,373
South East +1 458 £450 -7.69% 311
North of England -11 225 £425 -15.08% 310
East of England -3 178 £475 +11.76% 233
Midlands -17 157 £475 +18.75% 236
Scotland -10 156 £450 +5.88% 67
North West -4 135 £425 -15.00% 173
South West -15 125 £540 +27.06% 164
West Midlands -14 109 £500 +19.40% 168
Yorkshire -14 77 £450 -11.76% 85
East Midlands -13 47 £450 +26.76% 68
Wales -2 29 £570 +11.22% 38
Northern Ireland -3 15 £508 +6.84% 14
North East -4 13 £273 -16.15% 52

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,551 (41.49%) Social Skills
2 1,272 (34.03%) Agile
3 1,268 (33.92%) Computer Science
4 1,031 (27.58%) Finance
5 760 (20.33%) Project Management
6 752 (20.12%) Analytical Skills
7 735 (19.66%) Microsoft
8 716 (19.15%) Computer Science Degree
9 638 (17.07%) Problem-Solving
10 546 (14.61%) Azure
11 541 (14.47%) SQL
12 505 (13.51%) Python
13 469 (12.55%) Java
14 415 (11.10%) Management Information System
15 400 (10.70%) Mathematics
16 378 (10.11%) Analytics
17 368 (9.84%) Software Engineering
18 363 (9.71%) DevOps
19 361 (9.66%) Scrum
20 355 (9.50%) Stakeholder Management
21 344 (9.20%) ITIL
22 341 (9.12%) Security Cleared
23 328 (8.77%) AWS
24 322 (8.61%) Windows
24 322 (8.61%) JavaScript
25 320 (8.56%) Project Delivery
26 314 (8.40%) Linux
27 313 (8.37%) Risk Management
28 306 (8.19%) Public Sector
29 301 (8.05%) C#

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (2.17%) Confluence
2 75 (2.01%) SharePoint
3 54 (1.44%) Apache Spark
4 40 (1.07%) SAS
5 24 (0.64%) CMS
5 24 (0.64%) IIS
5 24 (0.64%) WebSphere
6 20 (0.54%) Oracle Coherence
7 18 (0.48%) Apache
8 17 (0.45%) OpenStack
9 12 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 12 (0.32%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.29%) MS Exchange
10 11 (0.29%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
12 8 (0.21%) SharePoint Server
12 8 (0.21%) Skype for Business
13 7 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
14 5 (0.13%) nginx
Applications
1 261 (6.98%) Microsoft Office
2 229 (6.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 138 (3.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 83 (2.22%) Microsoft Project
5 77 (2.06%) MS Visio
6 28 (0.75%) Spreadsheet
7 18 (0.48%) Adobe Illustrator
7 18 (0.48%) Photoshop
8 15 (0.40%) Adobe XD
8 15 (0.40%) Sketch
8 15 (0.40%) SPSS
8 15 (0.40%) Stata
9 13 (0.35%) OrCAD
10 12 (0.32%) Chatbot
11 9 (0.24%) InVision
11 9 (0.24%) Simulink
12 6 (0.16%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 5 (0.13%) Revit
14 4 (0.11%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 29 (0.78%) NetSuite
2 23 (0.62%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.32%) HiPortfolio
5 10 (0.27%) Maximo
5 10 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
5 10 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
5 10 (0.27%) Workday HCM
6 8 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
6 8 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
6 8 (0.21%) SAP BPC
6 8 (0.21%) Teamcenter
7 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
7 7 (0.19%) Primavera
7 7 (0.19%) SAP EWM
7 7 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 546 (14.61%) Azure
2 328 (8.77%) AWS
3 154 (4.12%) Microsoft 365
4 138 (3.69%) Power Platform
5 137 (3.67%) GCP
6 98 (2.62%) SaaS
7 84 (2.25%) Serverless
8 74 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
9 70 (1.87%) Azure DevOps
10 68 (1.82%) GitHub
11 53 (1.42%) IaaS
12 46 (1.23%) Azure Active Directory
13 45 (1.20%) PaaS
14 32 (0.86%) Amazon S3
15 31 (0.83%) OpenShift
16 29 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
16 29 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
17 28 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
18 27 (0.72%) Azure Functions
19 23 (0.62%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 156 (4.17%) Firewall
2 106 (2.84%) WAN
3 84 (2.25%) LAN
4 73 (1.95%) Network Security
5 71 (1.90%) TCP/IP
5 71 (1.90%) Wireless
6 70 (1.87%) DNS
7 65 (1.74%) VPN
8 63 (1.69%) Internet
9 51 (1.36%) Ethernet
10 44 (1.18%) Wi-Fi
11 43 (1.15%) DHCP
12 39 (1.04%) BGP
13 35 (0.94%) SSL
14 32 (0.86%) IPsec
14 32 (0.86%) SAN
14 32 (0.86%) SD-WAN
15 29 (0.78%) 5G
15 29 (0.78%) OSPF
16 24 (0.64%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (5.27%) SQL Server
2 130 (3.48%) Power BI
3 115 (3.08%) Big Data
4 113 (3.02%) Relational Database
5 110 (2.94%) Data Warehouse
6 93 (2.49%) PostgreSQL
7 85 (2.27%) NoSQL
8 59 (1.58%) Tableau
9 53 (1.42%) MongoDB
10 50 (1.34%) Oracle Database
11 44 (1.18%) Metadata
11 44 (1.18%) MySQL
12 38 (1.02%) Data Lake
13 37 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
14 35 (0.94%) DB2
14 35 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 32 (0.86%) Elasticsearch
16 31 (0.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 29 (0.78%) RDBMS
18 26 (0.70%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 225 (6.02%) JIRA
2 224 (5.99%) Git (software)
3 141 (3.77%) Jenkins
4 86 (2.30%) Visual Studio
5 66 (1.77%) Bitbucket
6 59 (1.58%) GitLab
7 49 (1.31%) Eclipse
7 49 (1.31%) Maven
8 46 (1.23%) TeamCity
9 38 (1.02%) JUnit
10 34 (0.91%) SonarQube
11 33 (0.88%) IntelliJ
12 32 (0.86%) Selenium
13 30 (0.80%) Gradle
14 27 (0.72%) Cucumber
15 25 (0.67%) webpack
16 23 (0.62%) Subversion
17 21 (0.56%) Mockito
18 20 (0.54%) Axure RP
19 19 (0.51%) git-flow
General
1 1,551 (41.49%) Social Skills
2 1,031 (27.58%) Finance
3 752 (20.12%) Analytical Skills
4 306 (8.19%) Public Sector
5 293 (7.84%) Banking
6 267 (7.14%) Presentation Skills
7 200 (5.35%) Legal
8 187 (5.00%) Influencing Skills
9 186 (4.98%) Telecoms
10 179 (4.79%) Marketing
11 140 (3.75%) Front Office
12 134 (3.58%) Retail
13 124 (3.32%) Investment Banking
14 93 (2.49%) Manufacturing
15 85 (2.27%) Organisational Skills
16 72 (1.93%) Pharmaceutical
17 71 (1.90%) Local Government
18 69 (1.85%) Electronics
19 65 (1.74%) Police
20 56 (1.50%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 549 (14.69%) Developer
2 510 (13.64%) Analyst
3 334 (8.94%) Architect
4 303 (8.11%) Project Manager
5 162 (4.33%) Consultant
6 161 (4.31%) Business Analyst
6 161 (4.31%) Java Developer
7 149 (3.99%) Designer
8 134 (3.58%) Solutions Architect
9 118 (3.16%) Data Analyst
10 106 (2.84%) IT Manager
11 101 (2.70%) Senior Developer
12 90 (2.41%) Software Engineer
13 88 (2.35%) Data Engineer
14 72 (1.93%) IT Project Manager
15 70 (1.87%) .NET Developer
16 61 (1.63%) UX Designer
17 58 (1.55%) Infrastructure Manager
17 58 (1.55%) Senior Designer
18 55 (1.47%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 241 (6.45%) HTML
2 222 (5.94%) .NET
3 207 (5.54%) CSS
4 144 (3.85%) React
5 119 (3.18%) REST
6 109 (2.92%) JSON
7 98 (2.62%) Web Services
8 97 (2.59%) AngularJS
9 95 (2.54%) Node.js
10 92 (2.46%) RESTful
11 86 (2.30%) Kafka
12 80 (2.14%) Spring
13 75 (2.01%) .NET Framework
14 66 (1.77%) XML
15 61 (1.63%) HTML5
16 49 (1.31%) ASP.NET Web API
17 48 (1.28%) Middleware
18 47 (1.26%) .NET Core
19 46 (1.23%) Spring Boot
20 43 (1.15%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 415 (11.10%) Management Information System
2 297 (7.95%) User Experience
3 204 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
4 150 (4.01%) Data Centre
5 130 (3.48%) Algorithms
6 97 (2.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 83 (2.22%) Data Structures
8 81 (2.17%) PMI
9 76 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
10 62 (1.66%) Cloud Native
11 61 (1.63%) Public Cloud
12 59 (1.58%) NHS
13 56 (1.50%) Virtual Team
14 47 (1.26%) Mobile App
15 45 (1.20%) Derivative
16 42 (1.12%) PKI
17 38 (1.02%) Fixed Income
17 38 (1.02%) Social Media
18 35 (0.94%) Video Conferencing
19 34 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 322 (8.61%) Windows
2 314 (8.40%) Linux
3 132 (3.53%) Unix
4 78 (2.09%) Windows Server
5 49 (1.31%) Windows 10
6 41 (1.10%) Android
7 36 (0.96%) Apple iOS
8 35 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.45%) Windows 7
10 11 (0.29%) HPUX
10 11 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
12 8 (0.21%) MVS
13 7 (0.19%) CentOS
13 7 (0.19%) Solaris
13 7 (0.19%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
14 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,272 (34.03%) Agile
2 1,268 (33.92%) Computer Science
3 760 (20.33%) Project Management
4 638 (17.07%) Problem-Solving
5 400 (10.70%) Mathematics
6 378 (10.11%) Analytics
7 368 (9.84%) Software Engineering
8 363 (9.71%) DevOps
9 361 (9.66%) Scrum
10 355 (9.50%) Stakeholder Management
11 344 (9.20%) ITIL
12 320 (8.56%) Project Delivery
13 313 (8.37%) Risk Management
14 276 (7.38%) CI/CD
15 267 (7.14%) PRINCE2
16 248 (6.63%) Business Intelligence
17 237 (6.34%) Cybersecurity
18 234 (6.26%) Information Security
18 234 (6.26%) Migration
19 232 (6.21%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 541 (14.47%) SQL
2 505 (13.51%) Python
3 469 (12.55%) Java
4 322 (8.61%) JavaScript
5 301 (8.05%) C#
6 224 (5.99%) C++
7 145 (3.88%) C
8 128 (3.42%) PowerShell
9 95 (2.54%) Scala
10 80 (2.14%) R
11 71 (1.90%) TypeScript
12 61 (1.63%) Go
13 48 (1.28%) Bash
14 40 (1.07%) Shell Script
15 39 (1.04%) VBA
16 37 (0.99%) PL/SQL
17 36 (0.96%) Kotlin
18 29 (0.78%) MATLAB
19 28 (0.75%) T-SQL
20 25 (0.67%) Perl
Qualifications
1 716 (19.15%) Computer Science Degree
2 341 (9.12%) Security Cleared
3 250 (6.69%) Master's Degree
4 232 (6.21%) SC Cleared
5 171 (4.57%) PMI Certification
6 163 (4.36%) PMP
7 152 (4.07%) CISSP
8 112 (3.00%) Microsoft Certification
9 110 (2.94%) Numerate Degree
10 97 (2.59%) CISM
11 94 (2.51%) Cisco Certification
12 76 (2.03%) PhD
13 66 (1.77%) MCSE
14 64 (1.71%) CISA
15 56 (1.50%) ITIL Certification
16 55 (1.47%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
17 48 (1.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
18 47 (1.26%) CCNA
19 44 (1.18%) HND
19 44 (1.18%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 189 (5.06%) QA
2 109 (2.92%) GDPR
3 106 (2.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 93 (2.49%) NIST
5 91 (2.43%) Data Quality
6 82 (2.19%) PMO
7 70 (1.87%) SLA
8 55 (1.47%) Accessibility
9 27 (0.72%) PCI DSS
10 22 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 22 (0.59%) NCSC
10 22 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 19 (0.51%) NIST 800
12 13 (0.35%) COBIT
12 13 (0.35%) GRC
13 12 (0.32%) IFRS
14 11 (0.29%) RMADS
15 10 (0.27%) GxP
15 10 (0.27%) ISO 20022
16 9 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 158 (4.23%) Active Directory
2 130 (3.48%) Docker
3 113 (3.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.88%) vSphere
5 32 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (0.67%) Firmware
7 24 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (0.37%) VMware NSX
9 12 (0.32%) Hyper-V
10 11 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
11 6 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
11 6 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
11 6 (0.16%) XenApp
12 5 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.13%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.080%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 3 (0.080%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.080%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.080%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 3 (0.080%) Xen
Systems Management
1 166 (4.44%) Kubernetes
2 122 (3.26%) Terraform
3 91 (2.43%) Ansible
4 49 (1.31%) SCCM
5 32 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
6 26 (0.70%) Grafana
7 23 (0.62%) Prometheus
8 22 (0.59%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 19 (0.51%) ITRS Geneos
10 18 (0.48%) CSIRT
10 18 (0.48%) Puppet
11 14 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
12 10 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 10 (0.27%) Kibana
12 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
13 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
13 8 (0.21%) vRealize
14 7 (0.19%) McAfee ePO
14 7 (0.19%) Oracle Identity Management
15 6 (0.16%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 735 (19.66%) Microsoft
2 292 (7.81%) Oracle
3 230 (6.15%) SAP
4 158 (4.23%) Cisco
5 143 (3.83%) VMware
6 117 (3.13%) Google
7 89 (2.38%) ServiceNow
8 67 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
9 63 (1.69%) Adobe
10 61 (1.63%) IBM
11 60 (1.61%) Splunk
12 56 (1.50%) HP
13 49 (1.31%) Red Hat
14 48 (1.28%) Citrix
15 46 (1.23%) Databricks
16 40 (1.07%) Juniper
17 31 (0.83%) Remedy
18 28 (0.75%) Palo Alto
19 27 (0.72%) Atlassian
20 25 (0.67%) Dell