Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 49 50
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -5
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,335 2,529 4,327
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.36% 4.40% 4.52%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.69% 19.74% 23.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,363 1,431 2,565
10th Percentile £275 £228 £250
25th Percentile £363 £358 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £570
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 164 156 230
10th Percentile £16.00 £15.63 £16.75
25th Percentile £23.21 £21.00 £21.52
Median hourly rate £37.75 £40.00 £38.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.63% +5.26% +6.17%
75th Percentile £47.50 £52.33 £48.75
90th Percentile £57.20 £57.50 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.83 £38.23 £38.75
% change year-on-year +4.20% -1.35% +2.66%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,283 12,813 18,581
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.07% 22.31% 19.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,403 8,224 11,621
10th Percentile £303 £256 £263
25th Percentile £400 £368 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £558
90th Percentile £650 £650 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +6.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 579 517 786
10th Percentile £14.70 £14.50 £12.50
25th Percentile £20.25 £17.50 £16.59
Median hourly rate £40.00 £29.00 £29.00
Median % change year-on-year +37.93% - +31.82%
75th Percentile £52.63 £48.75 £46.99
90th Percentile £64.50 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £24.75 £27.50
% change year-on-year +51.52% -10.00% +19.57%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 1,964 £500 +8.70% 2,374
London +2 1,037 £525 +5.00% 726
UK excluding London +8 982 £425 - 1,831
Work from Home -20 530 £500 +5.88% 474
South East +19 361 £433 +5.17% 458
North of England -13 151 £488 +12.85% 398
Scotland -3 121 £375 -1.32% 128
South West +6 115 £425 -10.53% 201
Midlands +14 112 £400 -11.11% 278
East of England +5 97 £425 - 305
North West -8 92 £473 +18.23% 200
West Midlands +12 74 £406 -14.47% 179
Yorkshire -16 53 £505 +12.22% 128
East Midlands -1 34 £360 -4.00% 98
Wales +7 17 £315 -16.77% 45
Northern Ireland +1 12 £424 +142.29% 20
North East -6 6 £250 -43.24% 71

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 798 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
2 776 (33.23%) Computer Science
3 619 (26.51%) Finance
4 425 (18.20%) Problem-Solving
5 424 (18.16%) Computer Science Degree
6 416 (17.82%) Analytical Skills
7 406 (17.39%) Python
8 403 (17.26%) Microsoft
9 373 (15.97%) Azure
10 354 (15.16%) Java
11 327 (14.00%) SQL
12 321 (13.75%) Project Management
13 312 (13.36%) AWS
14 288 (12.33%) Software Engineering
15 270 (11.56%) JavaScript
16 258 (11.05%) DevOps
17 252 (10.79%) Analytics
18 247 (10.58%) Windows
19 244 (10.45%) Scrum
20 228 (9.76%) Mathematics
20 228 (9.76%) Security Cleared
21 225 (9.64%) User Experience
22 211 (9.04%) Banking
23 210 (8.99%) Marketing
24 207 (8.87%) Public Sector
25 198 (8.48%) Linux
26 189 (8.09%) Change Management
27 185 (7.92%) ITIL
28 179 (7.67%) Management Information System
29 171 (7.32%) SC Cleared

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (3.68%) Confluence
2 71 (3.04%) SharePoint
3 70 (3.00%) Apache Spark
4 28 (1.20%) Apache
4 28 (1.20%) SAS
5 22 (0.94%) CMS
6 20 (0.86%) Skype for Business
7 18 (0.77%) IIS
8 14 (0.60%) WebSphere
9 12 (0.51%) MS Exchange
9 12 (0.51%) OpenStack
9 12 (0.51%) Red Hat Fuse
10 10 (0.43%) Tomcat
11 9 (0.39%) Elasticsearch
11 9 (0.39%) Jupyter
11 9 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 8 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
12 8 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2010
12 8 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 170 (7.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 162 (6.94%) Microsoft Office
3 91 (3.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 57 (2.44%) MS Visio
5 53 (2.27%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.64%) Adobe Illustrator
7 14 (0.60%) Photoshop
8 13 (0.56%) Sketch
9 12 (0.51%) InVision
9 12 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
10 9 (0.39%) SPSS
11 7 (0.30%) Adobe XD
11 7 (0.30%) UserZoom
12 6 (0.26%) AutoCAD
12 6 (0.26%) InDesign
13 5 (0.21%) Figma
13 5 (0.21%) Maya
13 5 (0.21%) PTC Creo
13 5 (0.21%) Revit
13 5 (0.21%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (0.81%) NetSuite
2 18 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.47%) Teamcenter
4 7 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.30%) SAP ERP
4 7 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.21%) Magento
7 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.17%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.17%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.17%) SAP FI/CO
7 4 (0.17%) SAP SD
7 4 (0.17%) Sentinel
8 3 (0.13%) BASE24
8 3 (0.13%) SAP MM
8 3 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 2 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.086%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 373 (15.97%) Azure
2 312 (13.36%) AWS
3 146 (6.25%) GCP
4 90 (3.85%) Microsoft 365
5 81 (3.47%) Power Platform
6 46 (1.97%) SaaS
7 43 (1.84%) GitHub
8 33 (1.41%) PaaS
9 28 (1.20%) Serverless
10 26 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
10 26 (1.11%) IaaS
11 25 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
12 22 (0.94%) Azure Active Directory
13 18 (0.77%) PowerApps
14 17 (0.73%) Amazon EKS
14 17 (0.73%) Azure Functions
15 13 (0.56%) Azure Data Factory
16 12 (0.51%) Google Analytics
17 11 (0.47%) Amazon S3
17 11 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.83%) Firewall
2 50 (2.14%) DNS
3 49 (2.10%) TCP/IP
3 49 (2.10%) WAN
4 46 (1.97%) LAN
5 44 (1.88%) VPN
6 43 (1.84%) Internet
7 39 (1.67%) Network Security
8 33 (1.41%) Wireless
9 26 (1.11%) DHCP
9 26 (1.11%) VLAN
10 25 (1.07%) Skype
11 23 (0.99%) HTTP
11 23 (0.99%) SMTP
12 19 (0.81%) SAN
13 18 (0.77%) SNMP
14 17 (0.73%) 5G
14 17 (0.73%) Ethernet
15 16 (0.69%) MPLS
16 14 (0.60%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (5.22%) SQL Server
2 76 (3.25%) Relational Database
3 73 (3.13%) Hadoop
4 70 (3.00%) Power BI
5 61 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
6 54 (2.31%) Big Data
7 44 (1.88%) Tableau
8 37 (1.58%) NoSQL
9 26 (1.11%) PostgreSQL
10 25 (1.07%) Data Mining
11 24 (1.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 22 (0.94%) MySQL
13 20 (0.86%) Data Lake
14 18 (0.77%) Oracle Database
15 17 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 15 (0.64%) Apache Hive
17 14 (0.60%) MongoDB
18 13 (0.56%) Amazon RDS
18 13 (0.56%) BigQuery
19 12 (0.51%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 162 (6.94%) Git (software)
2 156 (6.68%) JIRA
3 119 (5.10%) Jenkins
4 41 (1.76%) Visual Studio
5 33 (1.41%) Maven
6 26 (1.11%) GitLab
7 23 (0.99%) Cucumber
8 22 (0.94%) Eclipse
8 22 (0.94%) Selenium
9 21 (0.90%) TeamCity
10 20 (0.86%) JUnit
11 18 (0.77%) Subversion
12 16 (0.69%) Bitbucket
13 15 (0.64%) Gradle
14 13 (0.56%) Axure RP
14 13 (0.56%) SonarQube
15 11 (0.47%) Mocha
15 11 (0.47%) Postman
16 10 (0.43%) Jasmine
17 9 (0.39%) webpack
General
1 619 (26.51%) Finance
2 211 (9.04%) Banking
3 210 (8.99%) Marketing
4 207 (8.87%) Public Sector
5 162 (6.94%) Front Office
6 127 (5.44%) Telecoms
7 92 (3.94%) Manufacturing
8 76 (3.25%) Investment Banking
8 76 (3.25%) Legal
9 48 (2.06%) Retail
10 39 (1.67%) Electronics
11 37 (1.58%) Pharmaceutical
12 29 (1.24%) Publishing
13 25 (1.07%) Military
14 24 (1.03%) Law
15 21 (0.90%) Back Office
15 21 (0.90%) Billing
15 21 (0.90%) Financial Institution
16 18 (0.77%) German Language
17 15 (0.64%) Games
Job Titles
1 455 (19.49%) Developer
2 285 (12.21%) Analyst
3 166 (7.11%) Architect
4 147 (6.30%) Designer
5 134 (5.74%) Project Manager
6 121 (5.18%) Consultant
7 95 (4.07%) Java Developer
8 90 (3.85%) UX Designer
9 88 (3.77%) Business Analyst
10 86 (3.68%) React Developer
11 82 (3.51%) UI Designer
12 78 (3.34%) UI/UX Designer
13 77 (3.30%) UI Developer
14 69 (2.96%) UI/UX Developer
14 69 (2.96%) UX Developer
15 66 (2.83%) UI Engineer
15 66 (2.83%) UX Engineer
16 57 (2.44%) Senior Developer
17 55 (2.36%) Software Engineer
18 51 (2.18%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (6.85%) Web Services
2 151 (6.47%) HTML
3 134 (5.74%) React
4 133 (5.70%) .NET
5 112 (4.80%) Node.js
6 109 (4.67%) CSS
7 94 (4.03%) AngularJS
8 90 (3.85%) REST
9 67 (2.87%) RESTful
10 61 (2.61%) Spring
11 57 (2.44%) Kafka
12 54 (2.31%) HTML5
12 54 (2.31%) XML
13 41 (1.76%) JSON
14 40 (1.71%) Middleware
15 36 (1.54%) ASP.NET
16 35 (1.50%) .NET Core
17 33 (1.41%) jQuery
18 32 (1.37%) SOAP
19 30 (1.28%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 416 (17.82%) Analytical Skills
2 225 (9.64%) User Experience
3 179 (7.67%) Management Information System
4 168 (7.19%) Self-Motivation
5 87 (3.73%) Life Science
6 64 (2.74%) Algorithms
7 59 (2.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 55 (2.36%) NHS
9 49 (2.10%) Data Centre
9 49 (2.10%) Social Media
10 45 (1.93%) Data Structures
11 41 (1.76%) Virtual Team
12 39 (1.67%) PMI
13 37 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
14 32 (1.37%) Equities
15 30 (1.28%) Mobile App
16 29 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
17 26 (1.11%) Hedge funds
18 23 (0.99%) Derivative
19 22 (0.94%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 247 (10.58%) Windows
2 198 (8.48%) Linux
3 96 (4.11%) Unix
4 68 (2.91%) Windows Server
5 48 (2.06%) Windows 10
6 39 (1.67%) Android
7 30 (1.28%) Apple iOS
8 26 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
10 21 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.43%) Windows Server 2003
13 7 (0.30%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.30%) Solaris
13 7 (0.30%) Windows 7
13 7 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
14 6 (0.26%) OpenWrt
14 6 (0.26%) VMS
15 4 (0.17%) CentOS
16 3 (0.13%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 798 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
2 776 (33.23%) Computer Science
3 425 (18.20%) Problem-Solving
4 321 (13.75%) Project Management
5 288 (12.33%) Software Engineering
6 258 (11.05%) DevOps
7 252 (10.79%) Analytics
8 244 (10.45%) Scrum
9 228 (9.76%) Mathematics
10 189 (8.09%) Change Management
11 185 (7.92%) ITIL
12 166 (7.11%) Decision-Making
13 160 (6.85%) Stakeholder Management
14 154 (6.60%) TDD
15 147 (6.30%) Migration
16 140 (6.00%) Risk Management
17 137 (5.87%) Time Management
18 135 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
19 131 (5.61%) Test Automation
20 130 (5.57%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 406 (17.39%) Python
2 354 (15.16%) Java
3 327 (14.00%) SQL
4 270 (11.56%) JavaScript
5 162 (6.94%) C#
6 134 (5.74%) C++
7 96 (4.11%) PowerShell
8 82 (3.51%) Kotlin
9 74 (3.17%) C
10 68 (2.91%) R
11 53 (2.27%) Scala
12 45 (1.93%) TypeScript
13 42 (1.80%) Shell Script
14 33 (1.41%) Bash Shell
15 32 (1.37%) Perl
16 31 (1.33%) PL/SQL
17 30 (1.28%) Java 8
18 27 (1.16%) VB
19 23 (0.99%) VBA
20 18 (0.77%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 424 (18.16%) Computer Science Degree
2 228 (9.76%) Security Cleared
3 171 (7.32%) SC Cleared
4 136 (5.82%) Master's Degree
5 88 (3.77%) CISSP
6 75 (3.21%) Microsoft Certification
7 72 (3.08%) PMI Certification
8 70 (3.00%) Numerate Degree
9 67 (2.87%) PMP
10 55 (2.36%) CISM
11 46 (1.97%) DV Cleared
11 46 (1.97%) PhD
12 44 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
13 35 (1.50%) CCNP
14 32 (1.37%) MCSE
15 30 (1.28%) HND
16 26 (1.11%) CISA
16 26 (1.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 25 (1.07%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
18 24 (1.03%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (5.65%) QA
2 52 (2.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 50 (2.14%) GDPR
4 44 (1.88%) PMO
5 42 (1.80%) NIST
6 36 (1.54%) SLA
7 30 (1.28%) Data Quality
8 26 (1.11%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 18 (0.77%) COBIT
10 18 (0.77%) GRC
11 15 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 12 (0.51%) IFRS
13 8 (0.34%) IFRS 9
13 8 (0.34%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.34%) MiFID
13 8 (0.34%) NCSC
14 7 (0.30%) RMADS
15 6 (0.26%) JTAG
15 6 (0.26%) NIST 800
System Software
1 136 (5.82%) Docker
2 96 (4.11%) Active Directory
3 61 (2.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
5 12 (0.51%) Firmware
6 11 (0.47%) VMware NSX
6 11 (0.47%) XenApp
7 9 (0.39%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.39%) vSphere
8 8 (0.34%) vCloud
9 7 (0.30%) BitLocker
9 7 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.21%) HDFS
11 5 (0.21%) Terminal Services
12 3 (0.13%) DFS Replication
12 3 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.13%) Snort
12 3 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.086%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 131 (5.61%) Kubernetes
2 99 (4.24%) Terraform
3 62 (2.66%) Ansible
4 28 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (1.11%) SCCM
6 20 (0.86%) Puppet
7 16 (0.69%) Grafana
8 15 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
8 15 (0.64%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.56%) Istio
10 12 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
11 11 (0.47%) Consul
11 11 (0.47%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 10 (0.43%) Fluentd
12 10 (0.43%) Kibana
12 10 (0.43%) logstash
12 10 (0.43%) Rancher
12 10 (0.43%) vCenter Server
13 9 (0.39%) FortiGate
14 8 (0.34%) vRealize
Vendors
1 403 (17.26%) Microsoft
2 159 (6.81%) Oracle
3 97 (4.15%) SAP
4 82 (3.51%) Cisco
5 80 (3.43%) VMware
6 75 (3.21%) Google
7 56 (2.40%) Adobe
8 52 (2.23%) Salesforce.com
9 51 (2.18%) Splunk
10 45 (1.93%) ServiceNow
11 41 (1.76%) IBM
12 33 (1.41%) Atlassian
13 26 (1.11%) HP
14 23 (0.99%) Citrix
14 23 (0.99%) Databricks
15 20 (0.86%) Juniper
16 18 (0.77%) MuleSoft
16 18 (0.77%) Red Hat
17 17 (0.73%) Nokia
18 15 (0.64%) Huawei