Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 51 49 47
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,271 3,963 4,780
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.31% 4.51% 4.65%
As % of the Qualifications category 16.80% 23.00% 25.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 841 2,351 2,742
Median daily rate £450 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £200 £256 £273
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.80% +0.12% +6.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 245 272
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £37.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +14.09% +16.41%
10th Percentile £19.46 £15.13 £13.75
90th Percentile £52.35 £68.60 £53.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.75 £37.00
% change year-on-year -18.13% +15.54% +12.12%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 7,564 17,233 19,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 25.68% 19.59% 18.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,566 10,504 11,249
Median daily rate £475 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £290 £263 £245
90th Percentile £638 £644 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 834 974
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% +50.00% -15.25%
10th Percentile £17.60 £14.04 £12.83
90th Percentile £60.75 £59.52 £51.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £39.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -10.26% +56.00% -21.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1,108 £450 -5.26% 1,452
London -5 605 £475 -5.00% 505
UK excluding London -5 552 £433 +1.80% 1,060
Work from Home +1 175 £425 -5.56% 209
South East 0 159 £450 - 281
North of England +12 122 £432 +1.65% 194
North West +19 78 £428 -5.00% 94
South West +10 75 £475 +5.56% 151
Scotland +5 59 £400 +6.67% 57
Midlands -5 57 £350 -22.22% 154
East of England -11 56 £480 +13.61% 167
Yorkshire +16 40 £448 +11.88% 72
East Midlands +28 31 £321 -24.59% 46
West Midlands -14 23 £425 -5.56% 107
Wales +19 13 £249 -36.15% 47
Northern Ireland +7 12 £386 +14.44% 11
North East -4 4 £425 -8.11% 28

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 429 (33.75%) Computer Science
2 374 (29.43%) Agile Software Development
3 296 (23.29%) Finance
4 251 (19.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 245 (19.28%) Analytical Skills
6 233 (18.33%) SQL
7 226 (17.78%) Java
8 216 (16.99%) Python
8 216 (16.99%) Problem-Solving
9 192 (15.11%) Microsoft
10 171 (13.45%) JavaScript
11 168 (13.22%) Project Management
12 161 (12.67%) Mathematics
13 157 (12.35%) Azure
14 142 (11.17%) Security Cleared
15 141 (11.09%) HTML
16 125 (9.83%) Public Sector
17 124 (9.76%) C#
17 124 (9.76%) ITIL
18 123 (9.68%) CSS
18 123 (9.68%) Management Information System
18 123 (9.68%) Software Engineering
19 121 (9.52%) AWS
20 120 (9.44%) User Experience
21 112 (8.81%) Banking
22 106 (8.34%) Windows
23 102 (8.03%) Analytics
23 102 (8.03%) Data Science
24 101 (7.95%) Master's Degree
24 101 (7.95%) Scrum

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (4.09%) Apache Spark
2 42 (3.30%) SharePoint
3 29 (2.28%) Apache
4 27 (2.12%) IIS
5 20 (1.57%) Confluence
6 19 (1.49%) Tomcat
7 16 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
8 11 (0.87%) SAS
9 8 (0.63%) WebSphere
10 7 (0.55%) Skype for Business
11 6 (0.47%) MS Exchange
12 5 (0.39%) CMS
12 5 (0.39%) NetWeaver
12 5 (0.39%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 3 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
14 3 (0.24%) Drupal
14 3 (0.24%) IBM Notes
14 3 (0.24%) JBoss
14 3 (0.24%) OpenStack
Applications
1 99 (7.79%) Microsoft Office
2 68 (5.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (3.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (1.57%) Microsoft Project
5 19 (1.49%) Sketch
6 18 (1.42%) MS Visio
7 13 (1.02%) Adobe XD
7 13 (1.02%) InVision
8 12 (0.94%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.55%) Figma
9 7 (0.55%) Photoshop
10 6 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.39%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.31%) Zeplin
13 3 (0.24%) OmniGraffle
13 3 (0.24%) Siemens NX
14 2 (0.16%) AutoCAD
14 2 (0.16%) CATIA
14 2 (0.16%) Flinto
15 1 (0.079%) Maya
Business Applications
1 14 (1.10%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (0.79%) Dynamics AX
2 10 (0.79%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.39%) Lawson
3 5 (0.39%) SAP PLM
3 5 (0.39%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.31%) SAP BPC
4 4 (0.31%) thinkFolio
5 3 (0.24%) SAP SD
5 3 (0.24%) Sprinklr
5 3 (0.24%) Teamcenter
6 2 (0.16%) Endur
6 2 (0.16%) Maximo
6 2 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.16%) SAP CO
6 2 (0.16%) SAP FI
6 2 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
6 2 (0.16%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 157 (12.35%) Azure
2 121 (9.52%) AWS
3 36 (2.83%) Office 365
4 33 (2.60%) GCP
5 31 (2.44%) Power Platform
6 24 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
7 23 (1.81%) SaaS
8 18 (1.42%) Serverless
9 16 (1.26%) GitHub
10 13 (1.02%) PaaS
11 11 (0.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 10 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
12 10 (0.79%) Amazon S3
12 10 (0.79%) npm
12 10 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (0.71%) Amazon EKS
14 8 (0.63%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 8 (0.63%) Datadog
14 8 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
15 7 (0.55%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.52%) Firewall
2 26 (2.05%) DNS
3 24 (1.89%) LAN
4 23 (1.81%) Internet
4 23 (1.81%) Network Security
5 22 (1.73%) TCP/IP
6 19 (1.49%) DHCP
7 16 (1.26%) Wireless
8 15 (1.18%) VPN
9 14 (1.10%) Skype
9 14 (1.10%) WAN
10 11 (0.87%) DMZ
10 11 (0.87%) VoIP
11 10 (0.79%) 5G
11 10 (0.79%) Ethernet
11 10 (0.79%) Radio Access Network
12 9 (0.71%) 4G
12 9 (0.71%) OSPF
13 8 (0.63%) Broadband
13 8 (0.63%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (7.47%) SQL Server
2 70 (5.51%) Big Data
3 62 (4.88%) Relational Database
4 44 (3.46%) MySQL
5 40 (3.15%) NoSQL
6 36 (2.83%) Hadoop
7 28 (2.20%) Data Warehouse
7 28 (2.20%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (2.20%) Power BI
8 25 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 23 (1.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 21 (1.65%) MongoDB
11 17 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
12 15 (1.18%) Data Mining
13 14 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (1.10%) RDBMS
14 12 (0.94%) Apache Hive
15 10 (0.79%) DB2
16 8 (0.63%) ArangoDB
17 7 (0.55%) Looker
Development Applications
1 71 (5.59%) Git (software)
2 43 (3.38%) JIRA
3 38 (2.99%) Jenkins
4 23 (1.81%) Visual Studio
5 14 (1.10%) Eclipse
5 14 (1.10%) Maven
6 13 (1.02%) JUnit
6 13 (1.02%) Selenium
7 12 (0.94%) GitLab
8 11 (0.87%) Balsamiq
9 10 (0.79%) Axure RP
10 9 (0.71%) Cucumber
10 9 (0.71%) Cypress.io
10 9 (0.71%) NetBeans
11 8 (0.63%) webpack
12 7 (0.55%) Bitbucket
13 6 (0.47%) Grunt
13 6 (0.47%) LabVIEW
13 6 (0.47%) Mocha
13 6 (0.47%) TeamCity
General
1 296 (23.29%) Finance
2 125 (9.83%) Public Sector
3 112 (8.81%) Banking
4 79 (6.22%) Marketing
5 66 (5.19%) Front Office
6 58 (4.56%) Telecoms
7 44 (3.46%) Manufacturing
8 43 (3.38%) Investment Banking
8 43 (3.38%) Legal
9 35 (2.75%) Retail
10 25 (1.97%) Pharmaceutical
11 22 (1.73%) Electronics
12 20 (1.57%) Military
13 15 (1.18%) Back Office
13 15 (1.18%) German Language
13 15 (1.18%) Law
14 13 (1.02%) Aerospace
15 12 (0.94%) French Language
15 12 (0.94%) Publishing
16 11 (0.87%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 286 (22.50%) Developer
2 174 (13.69%) Analyst
3 82 (6.45%) Designer
4 77 (6.06%) Architect
5 57 (4.48%) Consultant
5 57 (4.48%) Java Developer
6 47 (3.70%) Project Manager
7 45 (3.54%) Data Scientist
8 33 (2.60%) User Researcher
9 32 (2.52%) Senior Developer
10 31 (2.44%) Data Analyst
11 29 (2.28%) Python Developer
12 28 (2.20%) Business Analyst
12 28 (2.20%) C# Developer
12 28 (2.20%) UX Designer
13 27 (2.12%) Solutions Architect
14 26 (2.05%) Security Analyst
15 22 (1.73%) Support Engineer
16 21 (1.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 21 (1.65%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (11.09%) HTML
2 123 (9.68%) CSS
3 95 (7.47%) .NET
4 62 (4.88%) Web Services
5 59 (4.64%) AngularJS
6 50 (3.93%) HTML5
6 50 (3.93%) Node.js
7 44 (3.46%) REST
8 43 (3.38%) React
9 38 (2.99%) Kafka
10 36 (2.83%) RESTful
11 34 (2.68%) Spring
12 28 (2.20%) XML
13 27 (2.12%) Redux
14 26 (2.05%) jQuery
15 24 (1.89%) .NET Core
16 22 (1.73%) .NET Framework
16 22 (1.73%) JSON
17 21 (1.65%) ASP.NET Web API
18 20 (1.57%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 245 (19.28%) Analytical Skills
2 123 (9.68%) Management Information System
3 120 (9.44%) User Experience
4 47 (3.70%) Algorithms
5 41 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
6 38 (2.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 31 (2.44%) Social Media
8 23 (1.81%) Derivative
9 19 (1.49%) Data Structures
10 18 (1.42%) Fixed Income
10 18 (1.42%) Mobile App
10 18 (1.42%) Virtual Team
11 17 (1.34%) Animation
11 17 (1.34%) Data Centre
12 16 (1.26%) FMCG
13 15 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
14 14 (1.10%) Greenfield Project
14 14 (1.10%) Hedge funds
14 14 (1.10%) Security Operations Centre
15 13 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 106 (8.34%) Windows
2 88 (6.92%) Linux
3 50 (3.93%) Unix
4 31 (2.44%) Android
5 29 (2.28%) Apple iOS
6 19 (1.49%) Windows 10
6 19 (1.49%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.71%) Solaris
8 6 (0.47%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.31%) CentOS
9 4 (0.31%) Windows 7
9 4 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.24%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.16%) Windows 2000 Server
11 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.079%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.079%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 429 (33.75%) Computer Science
2 374 (29.43%) Agile Software Development
3 216 (16.99%) Problem-Solving
4 168 (13.22%) Project Management
5 161 (12.67%) Mathematics
6 124 (9.76%) ITIL
7 123 (9.68%) Software Engineering
8 102 (8.03%) Analytics
8 102 (8.03%) Data Science
9 101 (7.95%) Scrum
10 95 (7.47%) Decision-Making
11 94 (7.40%) DevOps
12 88 (6.92%) Stakeholder Management
13 86 (6.77%) Information Security
14 79 (6.22%) Risk Management
15 78 (6.14%) Project Delivery
16 75 (5.90%) Change Management
16 75 (5.90%) Statistics
17 74 (5.82%) Business Intelligence
18 73 (5.74%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 233 (18.33%) SQL
2 226 (17.78%) Java
3 216 (16.99%) Python
4 171 (13.45%) JavaScript
5 124 (9.76%) C#
6 61 (4.80%) C++
7 42 (3.30%) C
8 41 (3.23%) R
9 38 (2.99%) PowerShell
9 38 (2.99%) Shell Script
10 35 (2.75%) Scala
11 26 (2.05%) VBA
12 19 (1.49%) Bash Shell
12 19 (1.49%) PHP
13 17 (1.34%) Java 8
13 17 (1.34%) TypeScript
14 16 (1.26%) Apple Swift
14 16 (1.26%) Objective-C
15 15 (1.18%) Perl
15 15 (1.18%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 251 (19.75%) Computer Science Degree
2 142 (11.17%) Security Cleared
3 101 (7.95%) Master's Degree
3 101 (7.95%) SC Cleared
4 72 (5.66%) CISSP
5 54 (4.25%) Numerate Degree
6 36 (2.83%) CISA
6 36 (2.83%) CISM
7 30 (2.36%) Cisco Certification
8 26 (2.05%) PhD
9 25 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
9 25 (1.97%) PMI Certification
10 24 (1.89%) CCNA
11 22 (1.73%) HND
11 22 (1.73%) PMP
12 20 (1.57%) DV Cleared
13 17 (1.34%) HNC
14 15 (1.18%) GIAC
14 15 (1.18%) ITIL Certification
15 14 (1.10%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.80%) QA
2 52 (4.09%) SLA
3 36 (2.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (1.89%) PCI DSS
5 23 (1.81%) Data Quality
6 22 (1.73%) GDPR
7 17 (1.34%) NIST
8 16 (1.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 11 (0.87%) COBIT
10 10 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 10 (0.79%) PMO
11 7 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
11 7 (0.55%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.39%) GMP
13 4 (0.31%) GxP
13 4 (0.31%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.31%) ITGC
13 4 (0.31%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.31%) MiFID
14 3 (0.24%) NCSC
System Software
1 48 (3.78%) Docker
2 44 (3.46%) Active Directory
3 27 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.79%) Firmware
5 5 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.31%) vSphere
7 3 (0.24%) HDFS
7 3 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.16%) KVM
8 2 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.16%) Squid
8 2 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.16%) Xen
8 2 (0.16%) XenApp
9 1 (0.079%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.079%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 54 (4.25%) Kubernetes
2 26 (2.05%) Terraform
3 18 (1.42%) Single Sign-On
4 11 (0.87%) Nagios
5 10 (0.79%) SCCM
6 6 (0.47%) Ansible
6 6 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
6 6 (0.47%) Nessus
6 6 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.39%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 5 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
7 5 (0.39%) Puppet
7 5 (0.39%) Stealthwatch
7 5 (0.39%) Tivoli
8 4 (0.31%) QRadar
8 4 (0.31%) Rancher
9 3 (0.24%) CASB
9 3 (0.24%) Grafana
9 3 (0.24%) Kibana
9 3 (0.24%) WSUS
Vendors
1 192 (15.11%) Microsoft
2 73 (5.74%) Oracle
3 69 (5.43%) SAP
4 42 (3.30%) Splunk
5 35 (2.75%) Cisco
6 34 (2.68%) Google
7 31 (2.44%) VMware
8 30 (2.36%) Tableau
9 29 (2.28%) Salesforce.com
10 28 (2.20%) Adobe
11 26 (2.05%) ServiceNow
12 23 (1.81%) Databricks
13 18 (1.42%) Citrix
14 17 (1.34%) StreamSets
15 15 (1.18%) Bloomberg
16 12 (0.94%) HP
17 10 (0.79%) Apple
17 10 (0.79%) Red Hat
18 9 (0.71%) Dell
18 9 (0.71%) IBM