Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 49 52 46
Rank change year-on-year +3 -6 -4
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,884 4,112 4,887
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.59% 4.37% 4.71%
As % of the Qualifications category 19.20% 23.15% 24.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,128 2,397 2,894
Median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £229 £257 £261
90th Percentile £650 £670 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 257 272
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +9.97% +21.25%
10th Percentile £15.92 £16.15 £13.75
90th Percentile £54.90 £61.25 £54.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.13
% change year-on-year -12.50% +10.73% +17.03%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,812 17,759 19,581
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.92% 18.89% 18.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,855 10,743 11,703
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £283 £263 £240
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £449 £413
% change year-on-year +0.33% +8.73% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 488 847 929
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +45.83% -20.00%
10th Percentile £15.85 £13.00 £12.63
90th Percentile £56.48 £55.40 £50.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year - +40.00% -21.07%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 1,674 £455 -4.21% 1,120
UK excluding London +9 972 £430 +1.18% 826
London -1 815 £478 -8.61% 377
South East -10 268 £438 -2.78% 222
North of England +35 247 £435 +2.29% 181
South West +10 120 £500 +21.21% 106
North West +27 116 £400 -5.88% 94
Yorkshire +64 115 £450 +12.50% 54
East of England +16 109 £400 -5.88% 138
Scotland +5 102 £425 +16.44% 51
Midlands -4 100 £450 - 91
Work from Home -2 96 £455 +1.11% 156
West Midlands +3 63 £463 -7.50% 59
East Midlands +6 35 £375 -3.85% 32
North East +15 18 £405 -2.41% 33
Northern Ireland +9 15 £358 +6.15% 9
Wales 0 14 £328 +1.06% 27

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 586 (31.10%) Computer Science
2 570 (30.25%) Agile Software Development
3 460 (24.42%) Finance
4 367 (19.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 351 (18.63%) Analytical Skills
6 318 (16.88%) Problem-Solving
7 306 (16.24%) Microsoft
8 303 (16.08%) SQL
9 272 (14.44%) Java
10 265 (14.07%) Azure
11 248 (13.16%) Project Management
12 238 (12.63%) Python
13 231 (12.26%) JavaScript
14 217 (11.52%) Mathematics
15 203 (10.77%) Security Cleared
16 195 (10.35%) C#
17 190 (10.08%) Windows
18 188 (9.98%) ITIL
19 185 (9.82%) HTML
20 178 (9.45%) AWS
21 177 (9.39%) User Experience
22 174 (9.24%) DevOps
23 167 (8.86%) CSS
23 167 (8.86%) Software Engineering
24 164 (8.70%) SQL Server
24 164 (8.70%) Public Sector
25 161 (8.55%) Analytics
26 157 (8.33%) Linux
27 153 (8.12%) Management Information System
28 151 (8.01%) Scrum

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (3.34%) SharePoint
2 52 (2.76%) Apache Spark
3 32 (1.70%) Confluence
4 27 (1.43%) IIS
5 23 (1.22%) Apache
6 20 (1.06%) SAS
7 14 (0.74%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.74%) WebSphere
8 13 (0.69%) MS Exchange
9 12 (0.64%) CMS
10 11 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
10 11 (0.58%) WebLogic
11 9 (0.48%) Skype for Business
12 7 (0.37%) Jupyter
13 5 (0.27%) IBM Notes
13 5 (0.27%) JBoss
13 5 (0.27%) NetWeaver
14 4 (0.21%) Magnolia
14 4 (0.21%) Umbraco
15 3 (0.16%) Drupal
Applications
1 125 (6.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 121 (6.42%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (3.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 43 (2.28%) Microsoft Project
5 28 (1.49%) Sketch
6 27 (1.43%) MS Visio
7 19 (1.01%) InVision
8 17 (0.90%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.90%) Adobe XD
9 11 (0.58%) Photoshop
10 9 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
11 7 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 7 (0.37%) Figma
12 6 (0.32%) OmniGraffle
13 4 (0.21%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.21%) Simulink
13 4 (0.21%) SPSS
14 3 (0.16%) 3ds Max
14 3 (0.16%) CINEMA 4D
14 3 (0.16%) Stata
Business Applications
1 15 (0.80%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
2 9 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.48%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.37%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.32%) SAP BPC
4 6 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.27%) Sprinklr
6 4 (0.21%) Elite 3E
6 4 (0.21%) Magento
6 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.21%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.16%) Primavera
7 3 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.16%) SAP PLM
7 3 (0.16%) SAP SD
7 3 (0.16%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.16%) thinkFolio
8 2 (0.11%) Hyperion Planning
Cloud Services
1 265 (14.07%) Azure
2 178 (9.45%) AWS
3 80 (4.25%) GCP
4 59 (3.13%) Office 365
5 50 (2.65%) SaaS
6 49 (2.60%) Power Platform
7 33 (1.75%) GitHub
8 31 (1.65%) PaaS
9 29 (1.54%) Cloud Computing
10 28 (1.49%) IaaS
11 22 (1.17%) Serverless
12 14 (0.74%) Azure Active Directory
12 14 (0.74%) OpenShift
13 13 (0.69%) npm
14 12 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 10 (0.53%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
15 10 (0.53%) Stackdriver
16 9 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
16 9 (0.48%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 59 (3.13%) Firewall
2 45 (2.39%) LAN
3 42 (2.23%) Wireless
4 40 (2.12%) TCP/IP
4 40 (2.12%) WAN
5 37 (1.96%) Internet
6 36 (1.91%) VPN
7 30 (1.59%) DNS
8 25 (1.33%) VoIP
9 24 (1.27%) Network Security
10 23 (1.22%) Ethernet
11 21 (1.11%) OSPF
12 18 (0.96%) 5G
12 18 (0.96%) BGP
13 17 (0.90%) HTTP
14 16 (0.85%) DHCP
14 16 (0.85%) LTE
14 16 (0.85%) Skype
15 14 (0.74%) EIGRP
16 13 (0.69%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (8.70%) SQL Server
2 101 (5.36%) Big Data
3 77 (4.09%) Relational Database
4 54 (2.87%) MySQL
5 46 (2.44%) Power BI
6 43 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
7 37 (1.96%) Hadoop
7 37 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 36 (1.91%) NoSQL
8 36 (1.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 21 (1.11%) Oracle Database
10 20 (1.06%) Apache Cassandra
11 18 (0.96%) MongoDB
12 16 (0.85%) Apache Hive
12 16 (0.85%) Data Mining
12 16 (0.85%) QlikView
13 15 (0.80%) RDBMS
14 14 (0.74%) PostgreSQL
15 12 (0.64%) Data Lake
16 11 (0.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 125 (6.63%) Git (software)
2 85 (4.51%) JIRA
3 68 (3.61%) Jenkins
4 38 (2.02%) Visual Studio
5 28 (1.49%) Eclipse
6 27 (1.43%) Maven
7 24 (1.27%) Selenium
8 19 (1.01%) Axure RP
8 19 (1.01%) JUnit
8 19 (1.01%) NetBeans
9 16 (0.85%) Balsamiq
10 13 (0.69%) Rational DOORS
11 12 (0.64%) Cucumber
12 11 (0.58%) git-flow
12 11 (0.58%) Subversion
12 11 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
13 10 (0.53%) Cypress.io
13 10 (0.53%) JMeter
13 10 (0.53%) TeamCity
14 9 (0.48%) Ant
General
1 460 (24.42%) Finance
2 164 (8.70%) Public Sector
3 142 (7.54%) Banking
4 101 (5.36%) Marketing
5 95 (5.04%) Telecoms
6 70 (3.72%) Front Office
7 54 (2.87%) Retail
8 52 (2.76%) Legal
9 49 (2.60%) Investment Banking
10 46 (2.44%) Manufacturing
11 43 (2.28%) Military
12 32 (1.70%) Aerospace
12 32 (1.70%) Pharmaceutical
13 26 (1.38%) Electronics
14 24 (1.27%) Back Office
14 24 (1.27%) German Language
15 21 (1.11%) Law
16 17 (0.90%) Financial Institution
16 17 (0.90%) French Language
16 17 (0.90%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 379 (20.12%) Developer
2 259 (13.75%) Analyst
3 127 (6.74%) Architect
4 102 (5.41%) Designer
5 80 (4.25%) Project Manager
6 76 (4.03%) User Researcher
7 67 (3.56%) Consultant
8 62 (3.29%) Java Developer
9 58 (3.08%) C# Developer
10 53 (2.81%) Business Analyst
11 42 (2.23%) Data Analyst
12 41 (2.18%) Data Scientist
12 41 (2.18%) Solutions Architect
13 38 (2.02%) Senior Developer
14 34 (1.80%) Support Engineer
14 34 (1.80%) UX Designer
15 32 (1.70%) Python Developer
15 32 (1.70%) Systems Engineer
16 30 (1.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 30 (1.59%) Systems Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (9.82%) HTML
2 167 (8.86%) CSS
3 141 (7.48%) .NET
4 124 (6.58%) Web Services
5 80 (4.25%) AngularJS
6 76 (4.03%) Node.js
7 67 (3.56%) XML
8 61 (3.24%) REST
9 55 (2.92%) HTML5
9 55 (2.92%) React
10 54 (2.87%) RESTful
11 45 (2.39%) JSON
12 41 (2.18%) Kafka
13 34 (1.80%) ASP.NET
14 32 (1.70%) .NET Framework
15 31 (1.65%) jQuery
15 31 (1.65%) Spring
16 28 (1.49%) SOAP
17 27 (1.43%) Redux
18 24 (1.27%) Qt
Miscellaneous
1 351 (18.63%) Analytical Skills
2 177 (9.39%) User Experience
3 153 (8.12%) Management Information System
4 89 (4.72%) Self-Motivation
5 54 (2.87%) Data Centre
6 48 (2.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 43 (2.28%) Algorithms
8 39 (2.07%) Mobile App
9 37 (1.96%) Virtual Team
10 34 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
11 28 (1.49%) Social Media
12 27 (1.43%) Data Structures
13 25 (1.33%) Public Cloud
14 21 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
15 18 (0.96%) Credit Risk
16 17 (0.90%) PMI
17 16 (0.85%) Life Science
18 15 (0.80%) Blog
18 15 (0.80%) CMDB
18 15 (0.80%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 190 (10.08%) Windows
2 157 (8.33%) Linux
3 76 (4.03%) Unix
4 51 (2.71%) Windows Server
5 42 (2.23%) Android
6 40 (2.12%) Apple iOS
7 36 (1.91%) Windows 10
8 19 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
9 18 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (0.74%) Windows 7
11 12 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
12 9 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
13 6 (0.32%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.27%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.27%) VMS
14 5 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
15 4 (0.21%) CentOS
15 4 (0.21%) Windows 2000 Server
16 3 (0.16%) AIX
16 3 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 586 (31.10%) Computer Science
2 570 (30.25%) Agile Software Development
3 318 (16.88%) Problem-Solving
4 248 (13.16%) Project Management
5 217 (11.52%) Mathematics
6 188 (9.98%) ITIL
7 174 (9.24%) DevOps
8 167 (8.86%) Software Engineering
9 161 (8.55%) Analytics
10 151 (8.01%) Scrum
11 141 (7.48%) Stakeholder Management
12 138 (7.32%) Decision-Making
13 132 (7.01%) Change Management
14 122 (6.48%) Mentoring
15 119 (6.32%) Project Delivery
16 116 (6.16%) Service Design
17 113 (6.00%) Continuous Improvement
18 111 (5.89%) Risk Management
19 110 (5.84%) Continuous Integration
20 104 (5.52%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 303 (16.08%) SQL
2 272 (14.44%) Java
3 238 (12.63%) Python
4 231 (12.26%) JavaScript
5 195 (10.35%) C#
6 71 (3.77%) C++
7 61 (3.24%) C
8 44 (2.34%) R
9 43 (2.28%) PowerShell
10 40 (2.12%) VBA
11 37 (1.96%) T-SQL
12 36 (1.91%) Shell Script
13 34 (1.80%) Scala
14 24 (1.27%) Java 8
15 23 (1.22%) PHP
16 21 (1.11%) Kotlin
16 21 (1.11%) TypeScript
17 19 (1.01%) Bash Shell
18 18 (0.96%) GLSL
18 18 (0.96%) Perl
Qualifications
1 367 (19.48%) Computer Science Degree
2 203 (10.77%) Security Cleared
3 145 (7.70%) SC Cleared
4 126 (6.69%) Master's Degree
5 71 (3.77%) CISSP
6 53 (2.81%) PMI Certification
7 52 (2.76%) Cisco Certification
7 52 (2.76%) CISM
8 44 (2.34%) PMP
9 39 (2.07%) Numerate Degree
10 38 (2.02%) PhD
11 37 (1.96%) CISA
12 35 (1.86%) HND
13 34 (1.80%) CCNA
13 34 (1.80%) HNC
13 34 (1.80%) Microsoft Certification
14 30 (1.59%) Postgraduate
15 29 (1.54%) DV Cleared
16 28 (1.49%) ITIL Certification
17 19 (1.01%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (5.57%) QA
2 48 (2.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 44 (2.34%) SLA
4 32 (1.70%) Data Quality
5 29 (1.54%) PCI DSS
6 26 (1.38%) GDPR
7 25 (1.33%) PMO
8 24 (1.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 21 (1.11%) NIST
10 13 (0.69%) COBIT
11 7 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 6 (0.32%) IFRS
12 6 (0.32%) P3O
13 5 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.27%) GMP
13 5 (0.27%) GxP
13 5 (0.27%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 4 (0.21%) Def Stans
14 4 (0.21%) HL7
14 4 (0.21%) JSP 440
System Software
1 84 (4.46%) Active Directory
2 78 (4.14%) Docker
3 39 (2.07%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (0.42%) HDFS
5 8 (0.42%) vSphere
6 7 (0.37%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.27%) XenApp
8 4 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.16%) Firmware
9 3 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.11%) Squid
10 2 (0.11%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.053%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.053%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.053%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.053%) IAG
Systems Management
1 70 (3.72%) Kubernetes
2 39 (2.07%) Ansible
3 25 (1.33%) Terraform
4 16 (0.85%) SCCM
5 12 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
6 11 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (0.53%) Puppet
8 7 (0.37%) Nagios
9 6 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
9 6 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.32%) Nessus
10 5 (0.27%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
11 4 (0.21%) CloudForms
11 4 (0.21%) Grafana
11 4 (0.21%) Kibana
11 4 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.21%) Rancher
11 4 (0.21%) SnapMirror
11 4 (0.21%) SnapVault
Vendors
1 306 (16.24%) Microsoft
2 121 (6.42%) Oracle
3 79 (4.19%) SAP
4 73 (3.87%) Google
5 61 (3.24%) Cisco
6 53 (2.81%) VMware
7 45 (2.39%) Tableau
8 41 (2.18%) Adobe
9 40 (2.12%) Splunk
10 36 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
11 29 (1.54%) ServiceNow
12 23 (1.22%) Citrix
12 23 (1.22%) Dell
12 23 (1.22%) HP
13 21 (1.11%) Red Hat
14 18 (0.96%) Atlassian
15 17 (0.90%) Juniper
15 17 (0.90%) SolarWinds
16 16 (0.85%) Databricks
17 15 (0.80%) IBM