Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 621 737 918
Rank change year-on-year +116 +181 +36
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 230 388 311
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.26% 0.18%
As % of the Cloud Services category 0.81% 0.89% 0.73%
Number of salaries quoted 180 369 274
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £67,750
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +3.32% +17.83%
10th Percentile £45,000 £49,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -15.38% +8.33% +17.07%

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 28,327 43,411 42,320
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.90% 29.57% 23.83%
Number of salaries quoted 23,069 35,257 34,458
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +5.14%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Salary trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +127 222 £65,000 -7.14% 32
London +88 142 £70,000 - 11
UK excluding London +171 86 £55,000 -15.38% 21
North of England +123 29 £60,000 +9.09% 16
South West +115 24 £51,593 -10.27% 2
North West +94 23 £60,000 -7.69% 5
South East +138 16 £50,000 -28.57% 1
East of England +104 7 £60,000 -5.88% 1
Work from Home +2 7 £65,000 - 2
Yorkshire +107 6 £55,000 +4.76% 8
Scotland +94 6 £49,500 -
Midlands +62 4 £45,000 -33.33% 1
East Midlands +58 3 £45,000 -35.71%
West Midlands +43 1 £70,000 +16.67% 1

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 228 (99.13%) AWS
2 158 (68.70%) Amazon EC2
3 134 (58.26%) DevOps
4 125 (54.35%) Amazon S3
5 116 (50.43%) Python
6 112 (48.70%) AWS CloudFormation
7 102 (44.35%) Terraform
8 97 (42.17%) Docker
9 81 (35.22%) Amazon RDS
9 81 (35.22%) Linux
10 79 (34.35%) Agile Software Development
11 76 (33.04%) Ansible
11 76 (33.04%) Serverless
12 74 (32.17%) AWS Lambda
12 74 (32.17%) Azure
13 65 (28.26%) Kubernetes
14 64 (27.83%) Windows
15 63 (27.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 55 (23.91%) Bash Shell
16 55 (23.91%) Finance
17 54 (23.48%) Jenkins
18 53 (23.04%) Amazon ECS
19 51 (22.17%) Amazon ELB
19 51 (22.17%) Java
20 50 (21.74%) Continuous Integration
21 48 (20.87%) Route 53
21 48 (20.87%) Infrastructure as Code
22 44 (19.13%) GCP
22 44 (19.13%) Configuration Management
22 44 (19.13%) Firewall

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (13.04%) Confluence
2 12 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (3.91%) Apache Airflow
4 8 (3.48%) Apache Spark
5 7 (3.04%) Apache
6 6 (2.61%) IIS
6 6 (2.61%) SAS
7 5 (2.17%) nginx
8 3 (1.30%) SharePoint
9 2 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.43%) JBoss
10 1 (0.43%) SharePoint Server
10 1 (0.43%) Site Server
10 1 (0.43%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.43%) WildFly
Applications
1 5 (2.17%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.30%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.43%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.43%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 228 (99.13%) AWS
2 158 (68.70%) Amazon EC2
3 125 (54.35%) Amazon S3
4 112 (48.70%) AWS CloudFormation
5 76 (33.04%) Serverless
6 74 (32.17%) AWS Lambda
6 74 (32.17%) Azure
7 63 (27.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 53 (23.04%) Amazon ECS
9 51 (22.17%) Amazon ELB
10 48 (20.87%) Route 53
11 44 (19.13%) GCP
12 34 (14.78%) SaaS
13 29 (12.61%) Amazon EKS
14 23 (10.00%) GitHub
15 21 (9.13%) AWS Fargate
16 20 (8.70%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 20 (8.70%) OpenShift
17 17 (7.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
18 16 (6.96%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 44 (19.13%) Firewall
2 43 (18.70%) VPN
3 32 (13.91%) Network Security
4 31 (13.48%) DNS
5 27 (11.74%) TCP/IP
6 20 (8.70%) Intrusion Detection
7 14 (6.09%) HTTP
8 10 (4.35%) DMZ
8 10 (4.35%) SSL
9 9 (3.91%) DHCP
10 8 (3.48%) SSH
10 8 (3.48%) VoIP
11 7 (3.04%) BGP
11 7 (3.04%) FTP
11 7 (3.04%) SMTP
12 6 (2.61%) IPsec
12 6 (2.61%) SAN
12 6 (2.61%) VLAN
12 6 (2.61%) WAN
12 6 (2.61%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (35.22%) Amazon RDS
2 32 (13.91%) SQL Server
3 31 (13.48%) PostgreSQL
4 29 (12.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 19 (8.26%) NoSQL
6 17 (7.39%) MySQL
7 15 (6.52%) Big Data
7 15 (6.52%) Relational Database
8 12 (5.22%) MongoDB
9 11 (4.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 9 (3.91%) Amazon Redshift
11 8 (3.48%) RDBMS
12 5 (2.17%) Redis
13 4 (1.74%) Amazon Athena
13 4 (1.74%) Data Lake
13 4 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
14 3 (1.30%) BigQuery
14 3 (1.30%) Hadoop
15 2 (0.87%) Apache Hive
15 2 (0.87%) HBase
Development Applications
1 54 (23.48%) Jenkins
2 37 (16.09%) JIRA
3 27 (11.74%) Git (software)
4 21 (9.13%) Bitbucket
5 17 (7.39%) Vagrant
6 14 (6.09%) Sonatype Nexus
7 13 (5.65%) TeamCity
8 11 (4.78%) Artifactory
8 11 (4.78%) Bitbucket Server
8 11 (4.78%) Maven
8 11 (4.78%) SonarQube
9 9 (3.91%) Subversion
10 8 (3.48%) CircleCI
11 7 (3.04%) Gradle
12 5 (2.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (2.17%) Octopus Deploy
13 2 (0.87%) SpecFlow
13 2 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
14 1 (0.43%) GitLab
14 1 (0.43%) Mocha
General
1 55 (23.91%) Finance
2 13 (5.65%) Retail
3 6 (2.61%) Automotive
3 6 (2.61%) Banking
3 6 (2.61%) Manufacturing
4 4 (1.74%) Games
4 4 (1.74%) Marketing
4 4 (1.74%) Public Sector
5 3 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
5 3 (1.30%) Police
6 2 (0.87%) Billing
6 2 (0.87%) Law
6 2 (0.87%) Legal
6 2 (0.87%) Retail Banking
6 2 (0.87%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 97 (42.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 44 (19.13%) AWS Engineer
3 34 (14.78%) Cloud Engineer
4 32 (13.91%) AWS DevOps
5 28 (12.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 23 (10.00%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 22 (9.57%) Architect
8 19 (8.26%) Senior DevOps
9 16 (6.96%) Cloud Architect
9 16 (6.96%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 14 (6.09%) Developer
10 14 (6.09%) Security Engineer
11 11 (4.78%) Platform Engineer
12 10 (4.35%) Network Engineer
13 9 (3.91%) AWS Infrastructure Engineer
14 8 (3.48%) Analyst
14 8 (3.48%) Senior Cloud Engineer
15 7 (3.04%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
15 7 (3.04%) Operations Engineer
15 7 (3.04%) Software Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (7.83%) .NET
2 17 (7.39%) Node.js
3 12 (5.22%) Web Services
4 10 (4.35%) Lambda Expressions
4 10 (4.35%) React
5 9 (3.91%) Django
6 7 (3.04%) JSON
7 6 (2.61%) .NET Core
7 6 (2.61%) YAML
8 5 (2.17%) .NET Framework
8 5 (2.17%) Elastic Stack
8 5 (2.17%) Kafka
8 5 (2.17%) Redux
8 5 (2.17%) RESTful
9 4 (1.74%) NumPy
9 4 (1.74%) Pandas
9 4 (1.74%) SciPy
10 3 (1.30%) Celery
10 3 (1.30%) React Native
10 3 (1.30%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 40 (17.39%) Public Cloud
2 25 (10.87%) Cloud Native
3 14 (6.09%) Data Centre
4 12 (5.22%) Management Information System
5 10 (4.35%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (4.35%) Hybrid Cloud
6 7 (3.04%) Clustering
6 7 (3.04%) PKI
7 6 (2.61%) Life Science
8 5 (2.17%) CESG
9 4 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (1.74%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.74%) User Experience
9 4 (1.74%) Video Conferencing
10 3 (1.30%) Client/Server
10 3 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.30%) Mobile App
11 2 (0.87%) Enterprise Cloud
11 2 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
12 1 (0.43%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 81 (35.22%) Linux
2 64 (27.83%) Windows
3 28 (12.17%) Windows Server
4 18 (7.83%) CentOS
5 16 (6.96%) Unix
6 13 (5.65%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (4.78%) CoreOS
8 10 (4.35%) Windows Server 2012
9 8 (3.48%) VMS
10 7 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (2.61%) Debian
11 6 (2.61%) Oracle Linux
11 6 (2.61%) Ubuntu
11 6 (2.61%) Windows Server 2003
11 6 (2.61%) Windows Server 2008
11 6 (2.61%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (1.30%) Android
12 3 (1.30%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.87%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.87%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 134 (58.26%) DevOps
2 79 (34.35%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (21.74%) Continuous Integration
4 48 (20.87%) Infrastructure as Code
5 44 (19.13%) Configuration Management
6 35 (15.22%) Scrum
7 31 (13.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 30 (13.04%) Infrastructure Automation
9 29 (12.61%) Fintech
10 28 (12.17%) Microservices
11 23 (10.00%) Auto-Scaling
11 23 (10.00%) ITIL
12 21 (9.13%) Problem-Solving
12 21 (9.13%) Security Operations
13 20 (8.70%) Open Source
13 20 (8.70%) Server Management
14 18 (7.83%) Information Security
14 18 (7.83%) Migration
14 18 (7.83%) Project Management
14 18 (7.83%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 116 (50.43%) Python
2 55 (23.91%) Bash Shell
3 51 (22.17%) Java
4 38 (16.52%) PowerShell
5 34 (14.78%) SQL
6 24 (10.43%) Ruby
7 22 (9.57%) JavaScript
8 16 (6.96%) Shell Script
9 15 (6.52%) TypeScript
10 14 (6.09%) C#
11 11 (4.78%) PL/SQL
12 9 (3.91%) Go
13 8 (3.48%) Groovy
14 7 (3.04%) C
14 7 (3.04%) Perl
15 5 (2.17%) VB.NET
16 2 (0.87%) Scala
17 1 (0.43%) PHP
17 1 (0.43%) R
Qualifications
1 28 (12.17%) Degree
2 17 (7.39%) AWS Certification
2 17 (7.39%) Cisco Certification
3 14 (6.09%) ITIL Certification
4 13 (5.65%) MCSE
4 13 (5.65%) Microsoft Certification
5 12 (5.22%) CISSP
5 12 (5.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 10 (4.35%) SC Cleared
6 10 (4.35%) Security Cleared
7 9 (3.91%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 9 (3.91%) CCSP
8 8 (3.48%) CCNA
8 8 (3.48%) SANS
9 7 (3.04%) CEH
9 7 (3.04%) MCP
10 6 (2.61%) MCSA
10 6 (2.61%) RHCE
11 5 (2.17%) CESG Certified Professional
12 4 (1.74%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (7.39%) SLA
2 6 (2.61%) GDPR
3 3 (1.30%) PCI DSS
3 3 (1.30%) QA
4 1 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 97 (42.17%) Docker
2 32 (13.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (9.57%) Active Directory
4 15 (6.52%) Virtual Servers
5 11 (4.78%) GlusterFS
5 11 (4.78%) VirtualBox
6 10 (4.35%) vSphere
7 8 (3.48%) XenApp
8 5 (2.17%) Hyper-V
8 5 (2.17%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.87%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.87%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.43%) LXC
Systems Management
1 102 (44.35%) Terraform
2 76 (33.04%) Ansible
3 65 (28.26%) Kubernetes
4 37 (16.09%) Puppet
5 24 (10.43%) Nagios
6 20 (8.70%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (4.35%) SCCM
8 6 (2.61%) Packer
8 6 (2.61%) Red Hat Satellite
8 6 (2.61%) Red Hat Spacewalk
8 6 (2.61%) vCenter Server
8 6 (2.61%) WSUS
8 6 (2.61%) yum
9 5 (2.17%) Consul
9 5 (2.17%) Grafana
9 5 (2.17%) OSSEC
9 5 (2.17%) Prometheus
10 3 (1.30%) Istio
11 2 (0.87%) linkerd
11 2 (0.87%) Oozie
Vendors
1 33 (14.35%) VMware
2 31 (13.48%) Google
3 29 (12.61%) Splunk
4 26 (11.30%) Oracle
4 26 (11.30%) Red Hat
5 25 (10.87%) Cisco
5 25 (10.87%) Microsoft
6 15 (6.52%) HP
7 14 (6.09%) Citrix
8 12 (5.22%) AppDynamics
9 11 (4.78%) New Relic
10 8 (3.48%) F5
11 6 (2.61%) Veeam
12 5 (2.17%) CheckPoint
13 4 (1.74%) Fortinet
13 4 (1.74%) Meraki
14 3 (1.30%) CyberArk
14 3 (1.30%) Hitachi
14 3 (1.30%) SolarWinds
14 3 (1.30%) Trend Micro