Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 708 540 767
Rank change year-on-year -168 +227 +121
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 354 149 321
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.28% 0.30% 0.24%
As % of the Cloud Services category 0.65% 0.75% 0.73%
Number of salaries quoted 256 130 276
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,450 £46,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £56,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% -3.57% +7.69%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,188 £82,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £100,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,500 £55,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year -2.73% -21.43% +16.67%

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 54,772 19,785 43,719
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.35% 40.48% 32.09%
Number of salaries quoted 38,257 16,819 36,063
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Salary trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -166 316 £70,000 - 84
London -150 191 £80,000 +6.67% 44
UK excluding London -165 134 £53,500 -2.73% 48
Work from Home -214 70 £80,000 +18.52% 24
South East -120 53 £60,000 - 10
South West -87 30 £50,000 -3.09% 4
North of England -131 20 £62,500 +13.64% 9
Midlands -107 15 £53,250 -26.55% 8
North West -90 14 £70,000 +3.70% 5
Scotland -78 13 £65,000 -3.70% 9
West Midlands -102 8 £50,000 -31.03% 4
East Midlands -75 7 £54,000 -10.00% 4
Yorkshire -101 6 £52,500 -4.55% 3
East of England - 3 £57,500 - 8

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 347 (98.02%) AWS
2 238 (67.23%) DevOps
3 226 (63.84%) Amazon EC2
4 195 (55.08%) Terraform
5 191 (53.95%) AWS Lambda
5 191 (53.95%) Python
6 189 (53.39%) Serverless
7 188 (53.11%) Amazon S3
8 162 (45.76%) AWS CloudFormation
9 151 (42.66%) Linux
10 148 (41.81%) Amazon RDS
11 134 (37.85%) Azure
12 121 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
13 109 (30.79%) Kubernetes
13 109 (30.79%) Infrastructure as Code
14 108 (30.51%) Windows
15 100 (28.25%) Ansible
16 95 (26.84%) Amazon ECS
17 90 (25.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 90 (25.42%) Finance
18 82 (23.16%) Docker
19 75 (21.19%) DNS
20 71 (20.06%) Bash Shell
21 68 (19.21%) Microsoft
22 67 (18.93%) Scrum
23 65 (18.36%) PowerShell
24 63 (17.80%) GCP
24 63 (17.80%) Social Skills
25 62 (17.51%) Route 53
25 62 (17.51%) Firewall

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (6.78%) Apache
1 24 (6.78%) Cloud Foundry
2 22 (6.21%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (4.52%) nginx
4 14 (3.95%) Confluence
5 11 (3.11%) Apache Spark
6 9 (2.54%) IIS
7 8 (2.26%) SharePoint
8 6 (1.69%) CMS
8 6 (1.69%) WordPress
9 4 (1.13%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (1.13%) OpenStack
9 4 (1.13%) SAS
10 2 (0.56%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.28%) Ethereum
Applications
1 7 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.56%) Weka
Business Applications
1 6 (1.69%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 347 (98.02%) AWS
2 226 (63.84%) Amazon EC2
3 191 (53.95%) AWS Lambda
4 189 (53.39%) Serverless
5 188 (53.11%) Amazon S3
6 162 (45.76%) AWS CloudFormation
7 134 (37.85%) Azure
8 95 (26.84%) Amazon ECS
9 90 (25.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 63 (17.80%) GCP
11 62 (17.51%) Route 53
12 55 (15.54%) CloudFront
13 54 (15.25%) Amazon ELB
14 49 (13.84%) IaaS
15 46 (12.99%) PaaS
16 42 (11.86%) Amazon SQS
17 39 (11.02%) AWS Fargate
17 39 (11.02%) SaaS
18 35 (9.89%) Amazon EKS
19 31 (8.76%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 75 (21.19%) DNS
2 62 (17.51%) Firewall
3 35 (9.89%) VPN
4 30 (8.47%) TCP/IP
5 21 (5.93%) Network Security
6 19 (5.37%) BGP
7 17 (4.80%) HTTP
7 17 (4.80%) OSPF
8 15 (4.24%) DHCP
8 15 (4.24%) Internet
9 11 (3.11%) WAN
10 10 (2.82%) IPsec
11 9 (2.54%) HSRP
11 9 (2.54%) Software-Defined Networking
12 8 (2.26%) EIGRP
12 8 (2.26%) Reverse Proxy
12 8 (2.26%) SSH
13 7 (1.98%) LAN
13 7 (1.98%) Remote Desktop
13 7 (1.98%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 148 (41.81%) Amazon RDS
2 35 (9.89%) MySQL
3 32 (9.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 29 (8.19%) Amazon Redshift
5 22 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
6 21 (5.93%) SQL Server
7 16 (4.52%) NoSQL
8 13 (3.67%) Big Data
8 13 (3.67%) Redis
9 12 (3.39%) Relational Database
10 11 (3.11%) RDBMS
11 10 (2.82%) Oracle Database
12 8 (2.26%) Hadoop
12 8 (2.26%) MongoDB
13 7 (1.98%) Amazon Athena
14 6 (1.69%) Data Mart
15 5 (1.41%) BigQuery
15 5 (1.41%) Metadata
16 3 (0.85%) Bigtable
16 3 (0.85%) Cloud Spanner
Development Applications
1 55 (15.54%) Jenkins
2 50 (14.12%) Git (software)
3 43 (12.15%) GitLab
4 38 (10.73%) Bitbucket
5 35 (9.89%) JIRA
6 28 (7.91%) CircleCI
7 23 (6.50%) TeamCity
8 19 (5.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 7 (1.98%) git-flow
10 6 (1.69%) Terragrunt
11 5 (1.41%) GoCD
11 5 (1.41%) Maven
11 5 (1.41%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (1.13%) Cucumber
12 4 (1.13%) JMeter
12 4 (1.13%) Spinnaker
12 4 (1.13%) Vagrant
13 3 (0.85%) kappa
13 3 (0.85%) Selenium
13 3 (0.85%) SonarQube
General
1 90 (25.42%) Finance
2 63 (17.80%) Social Skills
3 33 (9.32%) Presentation Skills
4 22 (6.21%) Public Sector
5 21 (5.93%) Legal
6 19 (5.37%) Local Government
7 17 (4.80%) Banking
8 14 (3.95%) Investment Banking
9 9 (2.54%) Billing
9 9 (2.54%) Retail
9 9 (2.54%) Telecoms
10 8 (2.26%) Analytical Skills
11 7 (1.98%) Games
12 4 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
14 2 (0.56%) Automotive
14 2 (0.56%) Marketing
15 1 (0.28%) Aerospace
15 1 (0.28%) Law
Job Titles
1 112 (31.64%) DevOps Engineer
2 93 (26.27%) AWS Engineer
3 65 (18.36%) Cloud Engineer
4 57 (16.10%) AWS DevOps
5 50 (14.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 25 (7.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 21 (5.93%) Linux Engineer
7 21 (5.93%) Network Engineer
8 20 (5.65%) Senior DevOps
8 20 (5.65%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 20 (5.65%) Support Engineer
9 19 (5.37%) Developer
9 19 (5.37%) Software Engineer
10 16 (4.52%) Architect
11 13 (3.67%) Operations Engineer
12 11 (3.11%) Senior Developer
12 11 (3.11%) Site Reliability Engineer
12 11 (3.11%) Systems Engineer
12 11 (3.11%) Unix Support
13 10 (2.82%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (17.23%) Web Services
2 41 (11.58%) .NET
3 32 (9.04%) Node.js
4 27 (7.63%) React
5 26 (7.34%) CSS
6 21 (5.93%) .NET Core
7 19 (5.37%) Angular 2
7 19 (5.37%) AngularJS
7 19 (5.37%) Ruby on Rails
7 19 (5.37%) Sinatra
8 16 (4.52%) Elastic Stack
9 13 (3.67%) JSON
10 12 (3.39%) LDAP
11 11 (3.11%) Vue.js
12 10 (2.82%) LEMP Stack
13 9 (2.54%) HTML
13 9 (2.54%) Kafka
13 9 (2.54%) LAMP
13 9 (2.54%) RabbitMQ
13 9 (2.54%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 40 (11.30%) Data Centre
2 25 (7.06%) Public Cloud
3 19 (5.37%) Blog
3 19 (5.37%) Legacy Systems
4 14 (3.95%) Hybrid Cloud
5 13 (3.67%) Cloud Native
5 13 (3.67%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (3.67%) Video Conferencing
6 11 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
6 11 (3.11%) Linux Command Line
7 9 (2.54%) Enterprise Cloud
8 8 (2.26%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 8 (2.26%) Management Information System
8 8 (2.26%) User Experience
8 8 (2.26%) Video\Live Streaming
9 7 (1.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (1.69%) Clustering
10 6 (1.69%) Fixed Income
10 6 (1.69%) Legacy Code
10 6 (1.69%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 151 (42.66%) Linux
2 108 (30.51%) Windows
3 52 (14.69%) Windows Server
4 30 (8.47%) Unix
5 21 (5.93%) Ubuntu
6 14 (3.95%) CentOS
7 13 (3.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (3.39%) Android
8 12 (3.39%) Apple iOS
9 9 (2.54%) Mac OS
10 4 (1.13%) Amazon Linux
10 4 (1.13%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.85%) VMS
11 3 (0.85%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.28%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 238 (67.23%) DevOps
2 121 (34.18%) Agile Software Development
3 109 (30.79%) Infrastructure as Code
4 67 (18.93%) Scrum
5 57 (16.10%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 52 (14.69%) Configuration Management
7 50 (14.12%) Problem-Solving
8 48 (13.56%) Microservices
9 43 (12.15%) Software Engineering
10 39 (11.02%) Continuous Integration
11 34 (9.60%) Load Balancing
12 33 (9.32%) Cybersecurity
13 29 (8.19%) Architectural Design
13 29 (8.19%) ITIL
14 27 (7.63%) Auto-Scaling
15 26 (7.34%) Coaching
16 25 (7.06%) Kanban
17 23 (6.50%) Full Stack Development
17 23 (6.50%) Mentoring
18 22 (6.21%) OO
Programming Languages
1 191 (53.95%) Python
2 71 (20.06%) Bash Shell
3 65 (18.36%) PowerShell
4 55 (15.54%) Java
5 41 (11.58%) C#
5 41 (11.58%) JavaScript
6 35 (9.89%) Ruby
7 31 (8.76%) SQL
8 28 (7.91%) Go
9 21 (5.93%) PHP
10 19 (5.37%) ES6
11 12 (3.39%) C
11 12 (3.39%) VB.NET
12 10 (2.82%) Perl
12 10 (2.82%) TypeScript
13 8 (2.26%) Scala
13 8 (2.26%) Shell Script
14 5 (1.41%) Java 8
15 3 (0.85%) Groovy
16 2 (0.56%) C++
Qualifications
1 56 (15.82%) AWS Certification
2 32 (9.04%) Degree
3 19 (5.37%) Cisco Certification
3 19 (5.37%) Microsoft Certification
4 13 (3.67%) MCSE
5 8 (2.26%) Security Cleared
6 6 (1.69%) CCIE
6 6 (1.69%) MCP
6 6 (1.69%) MCSA
6 6 (1.69%) SC Cleared
7 5 (1.41%) CCNA
8 3 (0.85%) CCNP
9 2 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.56%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.56%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 1 (0.28%) CISSP
10 1 (0.28%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.28%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (1.98%) PCI DSS
3 3 (0.85%) GDPR
3 3 (0.85%) QA
3 3 (0.85%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.56%) SLA
5 1 (0.28%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.28%) IFRS
5 1 (0.28%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.28%) SOC 2
System Software
1 82 (23.16%) Docker
2 56 (15.82%) Active Directory
3 16 (4.52%) Hyper-V
4 14 (3.95%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (2.82%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (2.26%) Microsoft App-V
6 8 (2.26%) XenApp
7 2 (0.56%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.56%) vSphere
8 1 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 195 (55.08%) Terraform
2 109 (30.79%) Kubernetes
3 100 (28.25%) Ansible
4 48 (13.56%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (12.43%) Puppet
6 21 (5.93%) SCCM
7 19 (5.37%) Grafana
7 19 (5.37%) Prometheus
7 19 (5.37%) SCOM
8 16 (4.52%) Nagios
9 13 (3.67%) Jamf Pro
10 12 (3.39%) Salt
11 8 (2.26%) EdgeSight
11 8 (2.26%) SCOrch
11 8 (2.26%) SCVMM
12 7 (1.98%) FortiGate
13 6 (1.69%) ZABBIX
14 5 (1.41%) Kibana
14 5 (1.41%) Packer
14 5 (1.41%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 68 (19.21%) Microsoft
2 33 (9.32%) Google
3 29 (8.19%) VMware
4 24 (6.78%) Oracle
5 22 (6.21%) Cisco
6 19 (5.37%) Red Hat
7 15 (4.24%) Palo Alto
8 10 (2.82%) Fortinet
8 10 (2.82%) HP
9 9 (2.54%) Atlassian
9 9 (2.54%) Citrix
10 7 (1.98%) Polycom
10 7 (1.98%) Splunk
11 6 (1.69%) Dynatrace
11 6 (1.69%) Murex
11 6 (1.69%) Nasuni
11 6 (1.69%) SaltStack
11 6 (1.69%) Symantec
11 6 (1.69%) Veritas
11 6 (1.69%) WooCommerce