Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 603 657 779
Rank change year-on-year +54 +122 +128
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud 249 362 344
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.32% 0.23%
As % of the Cloud Services category 0.73% 0.92% 0.83%
Number of salaries quoted 199 284 277
10th Percentile £42,250 £42,791 £45,000
25th Percentile £53,813 £52,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% -3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £82,500 £76,083 £80,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% -12.00% +8.70%

Virtual Private Cloud is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 33,907 39,541 41,360
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.09% 34.83% 27.77%
Number of salaries quoted 27,891 32,562 33,481
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,500 £39,114
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%

Virtual Private Cloud
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Private Cloud as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud.

Salary trend for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Private Cloud in the UK

Virtual Private Cloud
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 225 £72,500 +11.54% 47
London +66 154 £75,000 +7.14% 22
UK excluding London +44 88 £60,000 +9.09% 29
Work from Home -85 51 £67,500 +3.85% 8
South East +94 32 £70,000 +40.00% 9
South West -3 14 £37,500 -31.82% 5
Scotland +10 11 £65,000 +31.31% 3
Midlands +21 10 £72,500 +50.10% 2
North of England -3 10 £45,000 -25.00% 8
Northern Ireland - 8 £52,500 -
West Midlands +22 7 £72,500 +3.57% 1
Yorkshire +9 6 £45,000 -30.77% 2
East of England +46 3 £65,000 +18.18% 1
East Midlands +19 3 £67,875 +50.83% 1
North East +16 3 £45,000 -29.16% 1
North West -6 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Private Cloud also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Private Cloud.

1 249 (100.00%) AWS
2 170 (68.27%) Amazon EC2
3 145 (58.23%) DevOps
4 138 (55.42%) Amazon S3
5 108 (43.37%) Python
6 105 (42.17%) Amazon RDS
7 93 (37.35%) Agile Software Development
8 87 (34.94%) Linux
9 86 (34.54%) Kubernetes
10 84 (33.73%) Serverless
11 78 (31.33%) AWS Lambda
11 78 (31.33%) Docker
12 77 (30.92%) Terraform
13 67 (26.91%) Route 53
14 66 (26.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 64 (25.70%) Azure
16 60 (24.10%) Firewall
17 59 (23.69%) AWS CloudFormation
18 58 (23.29%) Amazon ELB
18 58 (23.29%) Finance
19 53 (21.29%) Ansible
20 52 (20.88%) Microservices
21 49 (19.68%) Infrastructure as Code
22 45 (18.07%) Amazon SQS
23 43 (17.27%) Amazon EKS
23 43 (17.27%) Amazon ECS
24 39 (15.66%) CloudFront
24 39 (15.66%) React
24 39 (15.66%) Scrum
25 38 (15.26%) SQL

Virtual Private Cloud
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.43%) Apache
2 13 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (4.82%) nginx
4 11 (4.42%) Cloud Foundry
5 8 (3.21%) CMS
5 8 (3.21%) Tomcat
5 8 (3.21%) WordPress
6 6 (2.41%) IIS
7 5 (2.01%) Apache Pulsar
8 2 (0.80%) Confluence
9 1 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.40%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.40%) Luigi
9 1 (0.40%) Mule
Applications
1 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.40%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (3.21%) Magento
2 1 (0.40%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 249 (100.00%) AWS
2 170 (68.27%) Amazon EC2
3 138 (55.42%) Amazon S3
4 84 (33.73%) Serverless
5 78 (31.33%) AWS Lambda
6 67 (26.91%) Route 53
7 66 (26.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 64 (25.70%) Azure
9 59 (23.69%) AWS CloudFormation
10 58 (23.29%) Amazon ELB
11 45 (18.07%) Amazon SQS
12 43 (17.27%) Amazon ECS
12 43 (17.27%) Amazon EKS
13 39 (15.66%) CloudFront
14 29 (11.65%) AWS CloudTrail
15 28 (11.24%) PaaS
16 26 (10.44%) IaaS
17 24 (9.64%) SaaS
18 22 (8.84%) AWS Direct Connect
19 20 (8.03%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 60 (24.10%) Firewall
2 35 (14.06%) DNS
3 33 (13.25%) OSPF
4 31 (12.45%) TCP/IP
5 23 (9.24%) VPN
6 22 (8.84%) BGP
7 21 (8.43%) EIGRP
8 16 (6.43%) Network Security
9 12 (4.82%) HTTP
10 11 (4.42%) Cisco ISE
11 8 (3.21%) FTP
11 8 (3.21%) SSH
12 6 (2.41%) DHCP
12 6 (2.41%) Software-Defined Networking
13 5 (2.01%) IPsec
13 5 (2.01%) LAN
13 5 (2.01%) OpenVPN
13 5 (2.01%) SMTP
13 5 (2.01%) SSL
13 5 (2.01%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (42.17%) Amazon RDS
2 27 (10.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 27 (10.84%) PostgreSQL
3 22 (8.84%) Data Warehouse
4 20 (8.03%) MySQL
5 14 (5.62%) NoSQL
6 13 (5.22%) MongoDB
6 13 (5.22%) SQL Server
7 10 (4.02%) InfluxDB
8 9 (3.61%) Redis
9 4 (1.61%) Amazon Aurora
9 4 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
10 3 (1.20%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (1.20%) Cosmos DB
10 3 (1.20%) RDBMS
10 3 (1.20%) Relational Database
11 2 (0.80%) Big Data
11 2 (0.80%) Data Lake
11 2 (0.80%) Tableau
12 1 (0.40%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 35 (14.06%) Git (software)
1 35 (14.06%) Jenkins
2 31 (12.45%) GitLab
3 15 (6.02%) Subversion
4 10 (4.02%) JIRA
5 9 (3.61%) TeamCity
6 8 (3.21%) Travis CI
7 5 (2.01%) Artifactory
7 5 (2.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 5 (2.01%) Metasploit
8 4 (1.61%) GoCD
9 3 (1.20%) Jasmine
9 3 (1.20%) JUnit
9 3 (1.20%) Mockito
9 3 (1.20%) webpack
10 2 (0.80%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.80%) Cucumber
10 2 (0.80%) git-flow
10 2 (0.80%) Spinnaker
11 1 (0.40%) REST Assured
General
1 58 (23.29%) Finance
2 13 (5.22%) Retail
3 12 (4.82%) Public Sector
4 11 (4.42%) Legal
4 11 (4.42%) Local Government
5 10 (4.02%) Banking
6 8 (3.21%) Games
7 4 (1.61%) Marketing
8 3 (1.20%) Automotive
8 3 (1.20%) Law
9 2 (0.80%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.80%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.40%) Billing
10 1 (0.40%) General Ledger
10 1 (0.40%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 58 (23.29%) AWS Engineer
2 54 (21.69%) Cloud Engineer
3 50 (20.08%) DevOps Engineer
4 39 (15.66%) Architect
5 27 (10.84%) AWS Architect
5 27 (10.84%) AWS DevOps
6 24 (9.64%) Network Engineer
7 22 (8.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 20 (8.03%) Developer
9 19 (7.63%) AWS Infrastructure Architect
9 19 (7.63%) Infrastructure Architect
10 16 (6.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 16 (6.43%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 15 (6.02%) Security Engineer
12 14 (5.62%) Linux Engineer
13 12 (4.82%) Senior DevOps
13 12 (4.82%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 11 (4.42%) Cloud Architect
14 11 (4.42%) Senior Developer
14 11 (4.42%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (15.66%) React
2 26 (10.44%) Elastic Stack
2 26 (10.44%) Node.js
3 24 (9.64%) CSS
4 18 (7.23%) .NET
5 16 (6.43%) HTML
6 15 (6.02%) Web Services
7 13 (5.22%) AngularJS
7 13 (5.22%) REST
7 13 (5.22%) Sass
8 12 (4.82%) Spring
9 11 (4.42%) .NET Core
9 11 (4.42%) Angular 2
9 11 (4.42%) Ruby on Rails
9 11 (4.42%) Sinatra
10 10 (4.02%) Kafka
11 9 (3.61%) OAuth
11 9 (3.61%) RabbitMQ
11 9 (3.61%) SAML
12 8 (3.21%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 18 (7.23%) Linux Command Line
2 16 (6.43%) Public Cloud
3 13 (5.22%) Mobile App
4 12 (4.82%) Data Centre
5 11 (4.42%) Blog
5 11 (4.42%) Management Information System
6 9 (3.61%) Video Conferencing
7 5 (2.01%) PKI
8 4 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
8 4 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (1.61%) User Experience
9 3 (1.20%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 2 (0.80%) Cloud Native
10 2 (0.80%) Enterprise Cloud
10 2 (0.80%) PMI
11 1 (0.40%) Analytical Skills
11 1 (0.40%) Clustering
11 1 (0.40%) Online Games
11 1 (0.40%) Reinsurance
11 1 (0.40%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 87 (34.94%) Linux
2 28 (11.24%) Ubuntu
3 24 (9.64%) Windows
4 18 (7.23%) CentOS
5 12 (4.82%) Windows Server
6 6 (2.41%) Debian
7 5 (2.01%) Kali Linux
8 4 (1.61%) Android
8 4 (1.61%) Apple iOS
8 4 (1.61%) Unix
9 3 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (1.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 2 (0.80%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.80%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.40%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.40%) MVS
11 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (58.23%) DevOps
2 93 (37.35%) Agile Software Development
3 52 (20.88%) Microservices
4 49 (19.68%) Infrastructure as Code
5 39 (15.66%) Scrum
6 33 (13.25%) Configuration Management
7 32 (12.85%) Problem-Solving
8 27 (10.84%) Fintech
9 25 (10.04%) Continuous Improvement
10 24 (9.64%) Computer Science
11 23 (9.24%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 22 (8.84%) Data Architecture
12 22 (8.84%) Security Architecture
13 21 (8.43%) Business Intelligence
14 20 (8.03%) Continuous Integration
14 20 (8.03%) Penetration Testing
15 19 (7.63%) Incident Management
15 19 (7.63%) SIEM
16 18 (7.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 18 (7.23%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 108 (43.37%) Python
2 38 (15.26%) SQL
3 32 (12.85%) Java
4 31 (12.45%) Bash Shell
5 29 (11.65%) JavaScript
6 24 (9.64%) Ruby
7 21 (8.43%) PowerShell
8 18 (7.23%) Go
9 17 (6.83%) C#
10 15 (6.02%) ES6
11 12 (4.82%) PHP
11 12 (4.82%) Shell Script
12 9 (3.61%) C++
13 8 (3.21%) C
14 5 (2.01%) TypeScript
15 4 (1.61%) Java 8
15 4 (1.61%) Kotlin
16 3 (1.20%) Groovy
16 3 (1.20%) Scala
17 2 (0.80%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 20 (8.03%) Degree
2 15 (6.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (4.82%) Cisco Certification
4 11 (4.42%) AWS Certification
4 11 (4.42%) CISSP
5 8 (3.21%) SC Cleared
5 8 (3.21%) Security Cleared
6 4 (1.61%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (1.20%) CCNP
7 3 (1.20%) MCSA
8 2 (0.80%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.80%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.40%) CCNA
9 1 (0.40%) FFIEC
9 1 (0.40%) LPIC
9 1 (0.40%) MCP
9 1 (0.40%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.22%) QA
2 12 (4.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (2.01%) GDPR
4 4 (1.61%) PCI DSS
5 3 (1.20%) SLA
6 2 (0.80%) NIST
7 1 (0.40%) GLBA
7 1 (0.40%) HIPAA
System Software
1 78 (31.33%) Docker
2 13 (5.22%) Active Directory
2 13 (5.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (2.41%) Hyper-V
4 5 (2.01%) Postfix
5 4 (1.61%) LXC
6 3 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 86 (34.54%) Kubernetes
2 77 (30.92%) Terraform
3 53 (21.29%) Ansible
4 24 (9.64%) Grafana
5 21 (8.43%) Puppet
6 18 (7.23%) Prometheus
7 12 (4.82%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (4.02%) Docker Swarm
8 10 (4.02%) Nagios
9 6 (2.41%) Munin
9 6 (2.41%) Packer
9 6 (2.41%) SCOM
10 5 (2.01%) Nessus
10 5 (2.01%) Nmap
11 3 (1.20%) Consul
12 1 (0.40%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 1 (0.40%) HP NNM
12 1 (0.40%) Kibana
12 1 (0.40%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 1 (0.40%) SCCM
Vendors
1 37 (14.86%) Cisco
2 33 (13.25%) Palo Alto
3 23 (9.24%) Google
4 22 (8.84%) Oracle
5 20 (8.03%) Microsoft
6 16 (6.43%) Tufin
7 15 (6.02%) VMware
8 12 (4.82%) F5
8 12 (4.82%) Meraki
9 11 (4.42%) CheckPoint
10 10 (4.02%) IBM
11 8 (3.21%) Red Hat
11 8 (3.21%) WooCommerce
12 6 (2.41%) NetApp
12 6 (2.41%) New Relic
13 5 (2.01%) Lets Encrypt
13 5 (2.01%) Qualys
14 4 (1.61%) Splunk
15 3 (1.20%) AppDynamics
15 3 (1.20%) SolarWinds