Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Bash skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Bash over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Bash Shell
UK
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 178 197 188
Rank change year-on-year +19 -9 -24
Contract jobs citing Bash 1,399 806 664
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.59% 1.36% 1.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.33% 3.36% 3.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 923 549 446
10th Percentile £431 £350 £353
25th Percentile £500 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £465 £500
% change year-on-year +18.28% -7.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 9 6
10th Percentile £21.60 £33.40 £25.38
25th Percentile £28.17 £42.33 £25.75
Median hourly rate £55.03 £50.00 £29.75
Median % change year-on-year +10.06% +68.07% -37.37%
75th Percentile £68.63 £55.00 £40.91
90th Percentile £70.02 - £51.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £53.75 £26.50
% change year-on-year +6.98% +102.83% -39.77%

Bash is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,280 23,957 19,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 36.60% 40.49% 40.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,574 16,822 13,606
10th Percentile £385 £325 £325
25th Percentile £456 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £656 £600 £575
90th Percentile £750 £688 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £433 £450
% change year-on-year +15.61% -3.89% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 522 468 331
10th Percentile £19.52 £16.78 £17.75
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate £50.77 £42.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +19.46% - -2.02%
75th Percentile £62.23 £52.50 £50.50
90th Percentile £72.43 £63.00 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £40.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% -5.88% -3.95%

Bash
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Bash as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Bash in the UK

Bash
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Bash.

Daily rate trend for Bash in the UK

Bash
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Bash over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Bash in the UK

Bash
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Bash.

Hourly rate trend for Bash in the UK

Bash
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Bash over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Bash in the UK

Bash
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Bash within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +38 1,176 £575 +15.00% 328
Work from Home +19 735 £550 +10.00% 152
London +40 704 £600 +14.29% 155
UK excluding London +5 408 £550 +18.28% 192
South East -7 120 £550 +25.71% 41
North of England +7 112 £586 +25.35% 47
North West +1 76 £600 +29.03% 23
South West +10 68 £530 +3.41% 29
East of England -21 35 £588 +30.56% 29
Yorkshire -25 34 £570 +20.00% 15
Scotland -37 32 £513 +9.63% 16
Midlands -24 31 £510 +16.57% 24
West Midlands -17 28 £525 +20.00% 10
North East +8 18 £650 +12.07% 9
Wales -17 8 £525 +10.53% 3
Northern Ireland - 3 £550 - 3
East Midlands -21 2 £460 +8.24% 14

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Bash also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Bash.

1 990 (70.76%) Python
2 812 (58.04%) DevOps
3 738 (52.75%) Linux
4 663 (47.39%) Terraform
5 647 (46.25%) CI/CD
6 623 (44.53%) Azure
7 613 (43.82%) AWS
8 563 (40.24%) Ansible
9 560 (40.03%) Kubernetes
10 528 (37.74%) PowerShell
11 518 (37.03%) Docker
12 472 (33.74%) Git (software)
13 462 (33.02%) Agile
14 442 (31.59%) Jenkins
15 350 (25.02%) Java
16 333 (23.80%) Windows
17 307 (21.94%) Security Cleared
18 282 (20.16%) Configuration Management
19 275 (19.66%) Infrastructure as Code
20 263 (18.80%) Finance
21 247 (17.66%) Social Skills
22 234 (16.73%) JavaScript
22 234 (16.73%) SC Cleared
23 221 (15.80%) GitLab
24 220 (15.73%) SQL
25 218 (15.58%) AWS CloudFormation
26 216 (15.44%) Test Automation
27 209 (14.94%) GCP
28 208 (14.87%) Microsoft
29 205 (14.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Bash
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (8.58%) Confluence
2 55 (3.93%) Elasticsearch
3 48 (3.43%) nginx
4 46 (3.29%) Apache
5 45 (3.22%) Apache Spark
6 39 (2.79%) WebSphere
7 33 (2.36%) Traefik
8 30 (2.14%) Tomcat
9 29 (2.07%) WebSphere Application Server
10 24 (1.72%) IIS
11 22 (1.57%) OpenStack
12 18 (1.29%) IBM HTTP Server
13 14 (1.00%) SharePoint
14 11 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
15 10 (0.71%) JBoss
16 9 (0.64%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 8 (0.57%) Oracle Coherence
17 8 (0.57%) WebLogic
18 7 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
19 6 (0.43%) Jupyter
Applications
1 26 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.43%) Chatbot
4 5 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.071%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 8 (0.57%) assyst
2 3 (0.21%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.071%) Kondor
3 1 (0.071%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.071%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.071%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.071%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.071%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 623 (44.53%) Azure
2 613 (43.82%) AWS
3 218 (15.58%) AWS CloudFormation
4 209 (14.94%) GCP
5 188 (13.44%) GitHub
6 162 (11.58%) Serverless
7 159 (11.37%) Amazon EC2
8 146 (10.44%) PaaS
9 129 (9.22%) Amazon S3
10 109 (7.79%) AWS Lambda
11 104 (7.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 96 (6.86%) Azure Monitor
13 88 (6.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 80 (5.72%) Amazon ECS
15 75 (5.36%) IaaS
16 73 (5.22%) Route 53
17 71 (5.08%) AWS CodePipeline
18 70 (5.00%) SaaS
19 60 (4.29%) Datadog
20 51 (3.65%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 156 (11.15%) DNS
2 127 (9.08%) Firewall
3 99 (7.08%) TCP/IP
4 91 (6.50%) HTTP
5 54 (3.86%) SSH
6 48 (3.43%) VPN
7 46 (3.29%) DHCP
8 44 (3.15%) Internet
8 44 (3.15%) SSL
9 38 (2.72%) FTP
10 30 (2.14%) SMTP
11 25 (1.79%) LAN
12 24 (1.72%) Network Security
13 15 (1.07%) SNMP
14 14 (1.00%) IPsec
14 14 (1.00%) Multicast
15 13 (0.93%) Kerberos
15 13 (0.93%) WAN
15 13 (0.93%) Wireshark
16 12 (0.86%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
2 102 (7.29%) SQL Server
3 97 (6.93%) MySQL
4 72 (5.15%) Amazon RDS
5 49 (3.50%) Data Lake
5 49 (3.50%) NoSQL
6 46 (3.29%) MongoDB
7 44 (3.15%) Big Data
8 39 (2.79%) Relational Database
9 32 (2.29%) Power BI
10 31 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
11 26 (1.86%) Redis
12 25 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 22 (1.57%) Oracle Database
14 21 (1.50%) MariaDB
15 20 (1.43%) Azure SQL Database
16 19 (1.36%) Hadoop
17 18 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
18 17 (1.22%) RDBMS
19 16 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 472 (33.74%) Git (software)
2 442 (31.59%) Jenkins
3 221 (15.80%) GitLab
4 190 (13.58%) JIRA
5 93 (6.65%) Maven
6 73 (5.22%) TeamCity
7 63 (4.50%) Gradle
8 62 (4.43%) Bitbucket
9 57 (4.07%) Subversion
10 42 (3.00%) Artifactory
11 31 (2.22%) CircleCI
12 26 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 26 (1.86%) Sonatype Nexus
13 24 (1.72%) Selenium
14 20 (1.43%) Eclipse
15 17 (1.22%) SonarQube
16 14 (1.00%) Cucumber
16 14 (1.00%) git-flow
16 14 (1.00%) JUnit
17 12 (0.86%) MSI
General
1 263 (18.80%) Finance
2 247 (17.66%) Social Skills
3 120 (8.58%) Public Sector
4 89 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
5 88 (6.29%) Banking
6 36 (2.57%) Retail
7 32 (2.29%) Telecoms
8 28 (2.00%) Presentation Skills
9 24 (1.72%) Investment Banking
10 23 (1.64%) Documentation Skills
11 22 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
12 18 (1.29%) Financial Institution
13 15 (1.07%) Front Office
14 14 (1.00%) Legal
15 13 (0.93%) Billing
15 13 (0.93%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.79%) Electronics
17 10 (0.71%) Marketing
18 9 (0.64%) Law
19 7 (0.50%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 483 (34.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 158 (11.29%) Azure Engineer
3 152 (10.86%) AWS Engineer
3 152 (10.86%) Developer
4 115 (8.22%) AWS DevOps
5 108 (7.72%) Cloud Engineer
6 106 (7.58%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 94 (6.72%) Architect
8 83 (5.93%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 77 (5.50%) Linux Engineer
10 65 (4.65%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 63 (4.50%) Azure DevOps
12 57 (4.07%) Data Engineer
13 51 (3.65%) Platform Engineer
14 48 (3.43%) Senior DevOps
15 43 (3.07%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 41 (2.93%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 38 (2.72%) Administrator
18 35 (2.50%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
18 35 (2.50%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (8.15%) REST
2 102 (7.29%) Kafka
3 91 (6.50%) Elastic Stack
4 88 (6.29%) Node.js
5 74 (5.29%) .NET
6 61 (4.36%) JSON
7 54 (3.86%) HTML
8 52 (3.72%) CSS
9 46 (3.29%) Spring
10 42 (3.00%) YAML
11 39 (2.79%) LDAP
12 38 (2.72%) React
13 33 (2.36%) cloud-init
13 33 (2.36%) RESTful
14 31 (2.22%) Web Services
15 29 (2.07%) Middleware
16 27 (1.93%) ARM Templates
16 27 (1.93%) Spring Boot
17 26 (1.86%) SOAP
18 21 (1.50%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 123 (8.79%) Public Cloud
2 110 (7.86%) Linux Command Line
3 71 (5.08%) Cloud Native
4 67 (4.79%) Clustering
5 49 (3.50%) Hybrid Cloud
6 47 (3.36%) Data Centre
6 47 (3.36%) PKI
7 40 (2.86%) Private Cloud
8 39 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
9 33 (2.36%) Data Protection Act
10 30 (2.14%) Management Information System
11 29 (2.07%) Algorithms
12 26 (1.86%) Virtual Team
13 23 (1.64%) Hedge funds
14 21 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
15 20 (1.43%) Replication
16 17 (1.22%) User Experience
17 12 (0.86%) Data Structures
18 11 (0.79%) Mobile App
19 10 (0.71%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 738 (52.75%) Linux
2 333 (23.80%) Windows
3 205 (14.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 152 (10.86%) Unix
5 120 (8.58%) CentOS
6 94 (6.72%) Windows Server
7 56 (4.00%) Ubuntu
8 30 (2.14%) Solaris
9 28 (2.00%) Windows Server 2012
10 27 (1.93%) Windows Server 2016
11 18 (1.29%) Android
12 16 (1.14%) SUSE
13 15 (1.07%) Apple iOS
13 15 (1.07%) Windows Server 2019
14 12 (0.86%) Amazon Linux
14 12 (0.86%) VMS
15 11 (0.79%) Oracle Linux
16 10 (0.71%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.64%) Debian
18 8 (0.57%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 812 (58.04%) DevOps
2 647 (46.25%) CI/CD
3 462 (33.02%) Agile
4 282 (20.16%) Configuration Management
5 275 (19.66%) Infrastructure as Code
6 216 (15.44%) Test Automation
7 188 (13.44%) Continuous Integration
8 150 (10.72%) Scrum
9 134 (9.58%) Problem-Solving
10 111 (7.93%) Migration
11 106 (7.58%) Analytics
12 102 (7.29%) Software Engineering
13 101 (7.22%) Load Balancing
14 99 (7.08%) Microservices
15 94 (6.72%) Continuous Delivery
16 89 (6.36%) Deployment Automation
17 85 (6.08%) Kanban
18 84 (6.00%) Open Source
19 80 (5.72%) SDLC
19 80 (5.72%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 990 (70.76%) Python
2 528 (37.74%) PowerShell
3 350 (25.02%) Java
4 234 (16.73%) JavaScript
5 220 (15.73%) SQL
6 168 (12.01%) Ruby
7 166 (11.87%) Perl
8 151 (10.79%) Go
9 146 (10.44%) C#
10 115 (8.22%) Shell Script
11 76 (5.43%) Groovy
12 64 (4.57%) C
13 48 (3.43%) C++
14 40 (2.86%) Scala
15 36 (2.57%) TypeScript
16 32 (2.29%) PHP
17 21 (1.50%) R
18 13 (0.93%) Korn
19 12 (0.86%) Kotlin
19 12 (0.86%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 307 (21.94%) Security Cleared
2 234 (16.73%) SC Cleared
3 58 (4.15%) DV Cleared
4 52 (3.72%) Degree
5 29 (2.07%) AWS Certification
6 24 (1.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 23 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
8 21 (1.50%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (1.22%) FFIEC
10 15 (1.07%) PMP
11 13 (0.93%) CCNA
11 13 (0.93%) RHCE
12 12 (0.86%) RHCSA
13 11 (0.79%) PMI Certification
14 10 (0.71%) CISSP
15 8 (0.57%) CEH
15 8 (0.57%) Oracle Certification
16 7 (0.50%) CCNP
16 7 (0.50%) OSCP
17 6 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.14%) Data Quality
1 30 (2.14%) NCSC
2 27 (1.93%) QA
3 24 (1.72%) GDPR
4 21 (1.50%) NIST
5 20 (1.43%) PCI DSS
6 17 (1.22%) GLBA
7 14 (1.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (1.00%) SLA
8 10 (0.71%) Accessibility
9 5 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.29%) JSP 440
10 4 (0.29%) WCAG
11 3 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.21%) MiFID
11 3 (0.21%) NIST 800
11 3 (0.21%) OASIS TOSCA
11 3 (0.21%) PMO
System Software
1 518 (37.03%) Docker
2 111 (7.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 77 (5.50%) Active Directory
4 67 (4.79%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (2.43%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (1.64%) NFS
7 18 (1.29%) vSphere
8 10 (0.71%) Firmware
9 9 (0.64%) OpenSSH
10 8 (0.57%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 8 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
11 7 (0.50%) Hyper-V
12 5 (0.36%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 5 (0.36%) KVM
12 5 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
12 5 (0.36%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.36%) zsh
13 4 (0.29%) HDFS
13 4 (0.29%) Samba
13 4 (0.29%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 663 (47.39%) Terraform
2 563 (40.24%) Ansible
3 560 (40.03%) Kubernetes
4 203 (14.51%) Puppet
5 123 (8.79%) Opscode Chef
6 107 (7.65%) Prometheus
7 104 (7.43%) Grafana
8 86 (6.15%) Packer
9 68 (4.86%) Consul
10 66 (4.72%) Docker Swarm
11 52 (3.72%) Istio
11 52 (3.72%) Kibana
12 46 (3.29%) HAProxy
13 43 (3.07%) ZABBIX
14 34 (2.43%) Graphite
14 34 (2.43%) Podman
15 32 (2.29%) linkerd
16 31 (2.22%) Nagios
17 24 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
18 23 (1.64%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 208 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 151 (10.79%) VMware
3 139 (9.94%) Splunk
4 137 (9.79%) Red Hat
5 133 (9.51%) Oracle
6 85 (6.08%) Google
7 66 (4.72%) Databricks
7 66 (4.72%) ServiceNow
8 55 (3.93%) IBM
9 39 (2.79%) Atlassian
9 39 (2.79%) PagerDuty
10 36 (2.57%) Cisco
11 27 (1.93%) Dynatrace
12 24 (1.72%) F5
13 22 (1.57%) SAP
14 19 (1.36%) AppDynamics
15 18 (1.29%) CyberArk
16 17 (1.22%) McAfee
17 16 (1.14%) SaltStack
18 15 (1.07%) SolarWinds