Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 109 157 279
Rank change year-on-year +48 +122 +284
Contract jobs citing Serverless 736 1,649 971
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 1.80% 0.94%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.91% 6.32% 4.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 608 1,146 749
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £406 £400
90th Percentile £750 £677 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £493 £475
% change year-on-year +1.52% +3.68% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.72% +11.54% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.50 £72.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -19.31% +45.00% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,654 26,108 22,674
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.43% 28.46% 21.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,997 17,853 15,550
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +4.97%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £306
90th Percentile £685 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £470 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +4.44% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 241 392 332
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +59.09% +15.79% -
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.25 £11.75
90th Percentile £51.75 £71.23 £73.63
Median hourly rate £24.00 £22.17 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.27% +26.67% -1.41%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 687 £550 +4.76% 202
London +20 420 £550 - 94
UK excluding London +46 278 £500 +1.52% 120
North of England +59 91 £545 +17.84% 38
South East +56 81 £475 -5.00% 26
Work from Home -32 67 £469 +1.35% 26
North West +22 53 £490 +5.95% 27
South West +38 38 £538 -2.27% 19
Yorkshire +72 24 £600 +26.32% 10
East of England +61 24 £488 -2.50% 7
Midlands +47 19 £500 +11.11% 18
Scotland +42 15 £470 -10.48% 8
West Midlands +31 15 £500 +11.11% 6
North East +43 14 £900 +91.49% 1
Wales +22 10 £463 +2.78% 5
East Midlands +54 4 £530 +3.41% 12

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 571 (77.58%) AWS
2 477 (64.81%) AWS Lambda
3 414 (56.25%) Python
4 365 (49.59%) DevOps
5 342 (46.47%) Agile Software Development
6 276 (37.50%) Java
7 264 (35.87%) Docker
8 259 (35.19%) Azure
9 255 (34.65%) Finance
10 253 (34.38%) Kubernetes
11 223 (30.30%) Jenkins
12 220 (29.89%) Terraform
13 218 (29.62%) Web Services
14 197 (26.77%) Software Engineering
15 196 (26.63%) Microservices
16 193 (26.22%) JavaScript
17 191 (25.95%) Amazon S3
18 186 (25.27%) Amazon EC2
19 172 (23.37%) SQL
20 166 (22.55%) Asset Management
21 160 (21.74%) Amazon ECS
22 153 (20.79%) Amazon Redshift
23 144 (19.57%) AWS CloudFormation
24 131 (17.80%) Node.js
25 123 (16.71%) C#
25 123 (16.71%) Azure Functions
26 122 (16.58%) Amazon RDS
27 121 (16.44%) React
28 120 (16.30%) Banking
29 119 (16.17%) Git (software)

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (9.51%) Apache
2 33 (4.48%) Elasticsearch
3 25 (3.40%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.58%) Confluence
5 8 (1.09%) Headless CMS
6 7 (0.95%) Jupyter
7 6 (0.82%) Apache Pig
8 4 (0.54%) IIS
9 3 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
9 3 (0.41%) CMS
9 3 (0.41%) Drupal
9 3 (0.41%) nginx
9 3 (0.41%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.27%) JBoss
10 2 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.27%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.14%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.14%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 17 (2.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.22%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.82%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 9 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.09%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.68%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.27%) Shopify
4 2 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.14%) Actimize
5 1 (0.14%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
5 1 (0.14%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 1 (0.14%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 571 (77.58%) AWS
2 477 (64.81%) AWS Lambda
3 259 (35.19%) Azure
4 191 (25.95%) Amazon S3
5 186 (25.27%) Amazon EC2
6 160 (21.74%) Amazon ECS
7 144 (19.57%) AWS CloudFormation
8 123 (16.71%) Azure Functions
9 111 (15.08%) GCP
10 101 (13.72%) Amazon SQS
11 94 (12.77%) OpenShift
12 69 (9.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 50 (6.79%) Apigee
13 50 (6.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 48 (6.52%) PaaS
15 43 (5.84%) GitHub
16 41 (5.57%) Amazon Cognito
17 36 (4.89%) Amazon Kinesis
18 35 (4.76%) AWS Step Functions
19 34 (4.62%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 28 (3.80%) DNS
2 14 (1.90%) HTTP
3 9 (1.22%) Network Security
3 9 (1.22%) VPN
4 8 (1.09%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.95%) Firewall
6 4 (0.54%) Internet
6 4 (0.54%) OpenVPN
7 3 (0.41%) MQTT
8 2 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.27%) SMS
8 2 (0.27%) SSL
9 1 (0.14%) 3G
9 1 (0.14%) 3GPP
9 1 (0.14%) DWDM
9 1 (0.14%) FTP
9 1 (0.14%) MPLS
9 1 (0.14%) RSVP
9 1 (0.14%) UMTS
9 1 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 153 (20.79%) Amazon Redshift
2 122 (16.58%) Amazon RDS
3 101 (13.72%) PostgreSQL
4 91 (12.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 91 (12.36%) SQL Server
5 88 (11.96%) MySQL
6 56 (7.61%) Data Warehouse
7 53 (7.20%) NoSQL
8 37 (5.03%) Big Data
9 34 (4.62%) Cosmos DB
10 33 (4.48%) Relational Database
11 32 (4.35%) MongoDB
12 30 (4.08%) Azure SQL Database
13 29 (3.94%) Data Lake
14 20 (2.72%) Amazon Athena
15 18 (2.45%) Amazon Aurora
15 18 (2.45%) RDBMS
16 16 (2.17%) Spotfire
17 14 (1.90%) Hadoop
17 14 (1.90%) Redis
Development Applications
1 223 (30.30%) Jenkins
2 119 (16.17%) Git (software)
3 109 (14.81%) Artifactory
4 87 (11.82%) GitLab
5 42 (5.71%) RStudio
6 34 (4.62%) JIRA
7 26 (3.53%) Bitbucket
8 19 (2.58%) Maven
8 19 (2.58%) TeamCity
9 17 (2.31%) Visual Studio Team System
10 16 (2.17%) JUnit
11 15 (2.04%) CircleCI
11 15 (2.04%) Gradle
12 14 (1.90%) Cucumber
12 14 (1.90%) SonarQube
13 13 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 11 (1.49%) Travis CI
15 10 (1.36%) Bitbucket Server
15 10 (1.36%) GoCD
16 9 (1.22%) Selenium
General
1 255 (34.65%) Finance
2 120 (16.30%) Banking
3 110 (14.95%) Front Office
4 37 (5.03%) Public Sector
5 31 (4.21%) Back Office
6 21 (2.85%) Investment Banking
7 16 (2.17%) Marketing
8 13 (1.77%) Retail
9 10 (1.36%) Games
10 9 (1.22%) Advertising
11 6 (0.82%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.54%) Manufacturing
13 3 (0.41%) Law
13 3 (0.41%) Publishing
14 2 (0.27%) Electronics
15 1 (0.14%) Automotive
15 1 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
15 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 304 (41.30%) Developer
2 148 (20.11%) AWS Engineer
3 111 (15.08%) Architect
4 106 (14.40%) DevOps Engineer
5 88 (11.96%) AWS Developer
6 80 (10.87%) AWS DevOps
6 80 (10.87%) Software Engineer
7 77 (10.46%) Java Developer
8 60 (8.15%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 59 (8.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 59 (8.02%) Python Developer
10 54 (7.34%) Python Engineer
11 53 (7.20%) Java Software Developer
12 49 (6.66%) Java Engineer
13 47 (6.39%) Solutions Architect
14 42 (5.71%) JavaScript Developer
15 41 (5.57%) AWS Architect
16 40 (5.43%) React Developer
17 39 (5.30%) Cloud Engineer
18 37 (5.03%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 218 (29.62%) Web Services
2 131 (17.80%) Node.js
3 121 (16.44%) React
4 89 (12.09%) .NET
5 69 (9.38%) AngularJS
6 62 (8.42%) gRPC
7 60 (8.15%) Swagger
8 58 (7.88%) OAuth
9 55 (7.47%) REST
10 53 (7.20%) J2EE
11 52 (7.07%) J2SE
12 49 (6.66%) Kafka
13 48 (6.52%) GraphQL
14 43 (5.84%) RESTful
15 40 (5.43%) CSS
15 40 (5.43%) Vue.js
16 39 (5.30%) HTML
17 32 (4.35%) .NET Core
18 26 (3.53%) .NET Framework
19 24 (3.26%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 96 (13.04%) Fixed Income
1 96 (13.04%) Hedge funds
2 82 (11.14%) Derivative
3 79 (10.73%) Equities
4 63 (8.56%) Greenfield Project
5 55 (7.47%) Cloud Native
6 20 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 16 (2.17%) Mobile App
8 15 (2.04%) Management Information System
9 14 (1.90%) Public Cloud
10 12 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
11 10 (1.36%) User Experience
12 9 (1.22%) Analytical Skills
12 9 (1.22%) Data Centre
12 9 (1.22%) Data Structures
13 8 (1.09%) Acoustics
14 7 (0.95%) Algorithms
14 7 (0.95%) Blog
15 6 (0.82%) Private Cloud
16 5 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 86 (11.68%) Linux
2 30 (4.08%) Windows
3 20 (2.72%) Unix
4 11 (1.49%) Apple iOS
4 11 (1.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (1.36%) Android
6 9 (1.22%) Debian
6 9 (1.22%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.95%) CentOS
7 7 (0.95%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 365 (49.59%) DevOps
2 342 (46.47%) Agile Software Development
3 197 (26.77%) Software Engineering
4 196 (26.63%) Microservices
5 166 (22.55%) Asset Management
6 104 (14.13%) Infrastructure as Code
7 95 (12.91%) TDD
8 90 (12.23%) Investment Management
9 89 (12.09%) Continuous Integration
10 88 (11.96%) Deployment Automation
11 77 (10.46%) Mentoring
12 76 (10.33%) Decision-Making
13 66 (8.97%) Scrum
14 55 (7.47%) Test Automation
15 53 (7.20%) Analytics
15 53 (7.20%) Open Source
16 48 (6.52%) BDD
17 47 (6.39%) Infrastructure Automation
18 41 (5.57%) Migration
19 36 (4.89%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 414 (56.25%) Python
2 276 (37.50%) Java
3 193 (26.22%) JavaScript
4 172 (23.37%) SQL
5 123 (16.71%) C#
6 46 (6.25%) TypeScript
7 45 (6.11%) R
8 43 (5.84%) Go
9 42 (5.71%) Bash Shell
10 29 (3.94%) Ruby
11 26 (3.53%) Scala
12 25 (3.40%) Kotlin
13 24 (3.26%) Java 8
13 24 (3.26%) PowerShell
14 20 (2.72%) Groovy
15 19 (2.58%) C++
16 17 (2.31%) T-SQL
17 16 (2.17%) VBA
18 11 (1.49%) Perl
19 10 (1.36%) PHP
Qualifications
1 52 (7.07%) Security Cleared
2 33 (4.48%) SC Cleared
3 28 (3.80%) AWS Certification
4 21 (2.85%) Degree
5 18 (2.45%) Sun Certification
6 14 (1.90%) DV Cleared
7 8 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.82%) CISA
8 6 (0.82%) CISM
8 6 (0.82%) CISSP
8 6 (0.82%) CLAS
8 6 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.82%) GIAC
9 3 (0.41%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.27%) SANS
11 1 (0.14%) ISEB
11 1 (0.14%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (4.21%) QA
2 9 (1.22%) PCI DSS
3 8 (1.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.95%) GDPR
5 6 (0.82%) COBIT
5 6 (0.82%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 6 (0.82%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.54%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.27%) WCAG
8 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.14%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.14%) NCSC
8 1 (0.14%) NIST
8 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 264 (35.87%) Docker
2 16 (2.17%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.68%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.41%) HDFS
5 3 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.27%) BusyBox
7 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.14%) Varnish
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 253 (34.38%) Kubernetes
2 220 (29.89%) Terraform
3 72 (9.78%) Ansible
4 34 (4.62%) Puppet
5 25 (3.40%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (2.58%) Packer
7 10 (1.36%) Consul
8 8 (1.09%) Grafana
9 7 (0.95%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.82%) Kibana
11 5 (0.68%) Istio
12 4 (0.54%) logstash
12 4 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.41%) Graphite
13 3 (0.41%) HP ALM
14 2 (0.27%) Nagios
15 1 (0.14%) Data Guard
15 1 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
15 1 (0.14%) HAProxy
15 1 (0.14%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 109 (14.81%) Google
2 61 (8.29%) Microsoft
2 61 (8.29%) Oracle
3 20 (2.72%) Salesforce.com
4 19 (2.58%) Databricks
5 16 (2.17%) SAP
6 13 (1.77%) Informatica
7 10 (1.36%) Adobe
8 9 (1.22%) Atlassian
8 9 (1.22%) MuleSoft
8 9 (1.22%) Red Hat
9 8 (1.09%) Cloudera
9 8 (1.09%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 8 (1.09%) Tableau
10 5 (0.68%) Facebook
10 5 (0.68%) Splunk
11 3 (0.41%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.41%) HP
11 3 (0.41%) New Relic
11 3 (0.41%) VMware