Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 93 137 258
Rank change year-on-year +44 +121 +212
Contract jobs citing Serverless 821 1,608 1,090
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.50% 1.89% 1.05%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.89% 6.53% 4.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 717 1,173 814
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £400 £406
90th Percentile £713 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £475 £500
% change year-on-year -2.63% -5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 8 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £72.50 £58.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -51.72% +23.40% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.50 £72.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -19.31% +70.59% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,410 24,639 24,312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.72% 29.03% 23.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,777 16,884 16,832
Median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +2.70%
10th Percentile £306 £291 £305
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 226 415 339
Median hourly rate £31.25 £21.34 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +46.44% +21.94% -11.67%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £76.00 £56.50
Median hourly rate £22.66 £21.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +7.90% +20.00% -

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 703 £525 - 328
London +45 505 £550 - 162
UK excluding London +11 220 £463 -2.63% 189
Work from Home -14 177 £500 -9.09% 84
North of England +23 88 £450 -2.70% 65
North West +8 62 £440 -4.86% 51
South East +70 57 £488 +2.63% 42
Scotland +49 35 £469 -10.71% 14
Yorkshire +57 16 £500 +11.11% 7
Midlands +41 16 £425 -5.56% 24
West Midlands +38 15 £425 -5.56% 14
East of England +53 14 £525 - 12
North East +26 9 £513 +12.64% 7
South West +3 8 £450 -7.69% 23
Wales +13 2 £500 +11.11% 8
East Midlands +32 1 £475 -0.52% 10

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 641 (78.08%) AWS
2 547 (66.63%) AWS Lambda
3 436 (53.11%) Python
4 429 (52.25%) DevOps
5 390 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
6 300 (36.54%) Azure
7 282 (34.35%) Java
8 259 (31.55%) Web Services
9 257 (31.30%) Docker
10 256 (31.18%) Finance
11 241 (29.35%) Software Engineering
12 230 (28.01%) SQL
13 229 (27.89%) Kubernetes
14 219 (26.67%) Terraform
14 219 (26.67%) Amazon EC2
15 215 (26.19%) Amazon S3
16 214 (26.07%) Jenkins
17 204 (24.85%) Microservices
18 199 (24.24%) JavaScript
19 197 (24.00%) Asset Management
20 179 (21.80%) Amazon ECS
21 160 (19.49%) AWS CloudFormation
22 149 (18.15%) Azure Functions
23 145 (17.66%) React
24 143 (17.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 143 (17.42%) Infrastructure as Code
25 142 (17.30%) Amazon Redshift
25 142 (17.30%) Hedge funds
26 137 (16.69%) Banking
27 128 (15.59%) GCP

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (13.76%) Apache
2 32 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (2.80%) Apache Spark
4 11 (1.34%) Confluence
5 9 (1.10%) Jupyter
6 7 (0.85%) SharePoint
7 6 (0.73%) Drupal
8 5 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
8 5 (0.61%) Headless CMS
8 5 (0.61%) JBoss
9 4 (0.49%) Apache Pig
9 4 (0.49%) IIS
9 4 (0.49%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
11 2 (0.24%) nginx
11 2 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.24%) SharePoint Server
11 2 (0.24%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.12%) Skype for Business
12 1 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 15 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.73%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.49%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.12%) Exstream
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 641 (78.08%) AWS
2 547 (66.63%) AWS Lambda
3 300 (36.54%) Azure
4 219 (26.67%) Amazon EC2
5 215 (26.19%) Amazon S3
6 179 (21.80%) Amazon ECS
7 160 (19.49%) AWS CloudFormation
8 149 (18.15%) Azure Functions
9 128 (15.59%) GCP
10 89 (10.84%) Amazon SQS
11 73 (8.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 72 (8.77%) OpenShift
13 65 (7.92%) Apigee
14 64 (7.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 56 (6.82%) PaaS
16 55 (6.70%) Power Platform
17 51 (6.21%) Logic Apps
18 46 (5.60%) GitHub
19 40 (4.87%) AWS CloudTrail
20 37 (4.51%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 22 (2.68%) DNS
2 10 (1.22%) Network Security
3 9 (1.10%) HTTP
4 7 (0.85%) Internet
5 5 (0.61%) SSH
5 5 (0.61%) VPN
6 4 (0.49%) Firewall
7 3 (0.37%) FTP
8 2 (0.24%) DHCP
8 2 (0.24%) SMTP
8 2 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.12%) Broadband
9 1 (0.12%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.12%) LAN
9 1 (0.12%) SSL
9 1 (0.12%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.12%) VoIP
9 1 (0.12%) WAN
9 1 (0.12%) Wireless
9 1 (0.12%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 143 (17.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 142 (17.30%) Amazon Redshift
3 118 (14.37%) PostgreSQL
4 116 (14.13%) SQL Server
5 111 (13.52%) MySQL
6 108 (13.15%) Amazon RDS
7 66 (8.04%) Data Warehouse
8 61 (7.43%) NoSQL
9 49 (5.97%) Azure SQL Database
10 46 (5.60%) Big Data
11 42 (5.12%) Data Lake
12 36 (4.38%) Relational Database
13 35 (4.26%) Cosmos DB
14 33 (4.02%) MongoDB
15 31 (3.78%) Amazon Aurora
16 25 (3.05%) Redis
17 24 (2.92%) RDBMS
18 18 (2.19%) OLTP
19 15 (1.83%) Apache Ignite
19 15 (1.83%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 214 (26.07%) Jenkins
2 119 (14.49%) Git (software)
3 117 (14.25%) Artifactory
4 99 (12.06%) GitLab
5 41 (4.99%) Visual Studio Team System
6 32 (3.90%) RStudio
7 26 (3.17%) TeamCity
8 21 (2.56%) JIRA
9 20 (2.44%) SonarQube
10 15 (1.83%) Maven
10 15 (1.83%) Octopus Deploy
11 14 (1.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 13 (1.58%) Gradle
13 12 (1.46%) Bitbucket
13 12 (1.46%) JUnit
14 10 (1.22%) Selenium
15 9 (1.10%) kappa
16 8 (0.97%) Bitbucket Server
17 7 (0.85%) Postman
18 6 (0.73%) Spinnaker
General
1 256 (31.18%) Finance
2 137 (16.69%) Banking
3 120 (14.62%) Front Office
4 44 (5.36%) Public Sector
5 34 (4.14%) Back Office
6 29 (3.53%) Investment Banking
7 25 (3.05%) Retail
8 12 (1.46%) Advertising
9 10 (1.22%) Law
10 8 (0.97%) Marketing
11 6 (0.73%) Games
12 4 (0.49%) Retail Finance
13 3 (0.37%) German Language
13 3 (0.37%) Publishing
14 2 (0.24%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.24%) Telecoms
15 1 (0.12%) Automotive
15 1 (0.12%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.12%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.12%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 341 (41.53%) Developer
2 181 (22.05%) AWS Engineer
3 134 (16.32%) DevOps Engineer
4 133 (16.20%) Software Engineer
5 114 (13.89%) AWS Developer
6 110 (13.40%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 109 (13.28%) Architect
8 104 (12.67%) AWS DevOps
9 91 (11.08%) Python Developer
10 85 (10.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 81 (9.87%) Java Developer
12 79 (9.62%) Python Engineer
13 68 (8.28%) Java Engineer
14 66 (8.04%) Java Software Developer
15 56 (6.82%) JavaScript Developer
16 54 (6.58%) Azure Engineer
16 54 (6.58%) Full Stack Developer
17 51 (6.21%) Java Software Engineer
18 49 (5.97%) AWS Architect
18 49 (5.97%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 259 (31.55%) Web Services
2 145 (17.66%) React
3 102 (12.42%) AngularJS
4 101 (12.30%) Node.js
5 92 (11.21%) .NET
6 78 (9.50%) Swagger
7 74 (9.01%) gRPC
7 74 (9.01%) OAuth
8 71 (8.65%) Vue.js
9 62 (7.55%) REST
10 53 (6.46%) Kafka
11 44 (5.36%) J2EE
12 40 (4.87%) CSS
12 40 (4.87%) J2SE
12 40 (4.87%) RESTful
13 39 (4.75%) HTML
14 35 (4.26%) GraphQL
15 29 (3.53%) Spring
16 26 (3.17%) Lambda Expressions
17 25 (3.05%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 142 (17.30%) Hedge funds
2 117 (14.25%) Fixed Income
3 116 (14.13%) Derivative
4 112 (13.64%) Equities
5 70 (8.53%) Greenfield Project
6 66 (8.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 52 (6.33%) Cloud Native
8 24 (2.92%) Enterprise Software
9 16 (1.95%) Blog
10 15 (1.83%) Analytical Skills
11 13 (1.58%) Mobile App
11 13 (1.58%) User Experience
12 12 (1.46%) Data Structures
13 11 (1.34%) Public Cloud
14 10 (1.22%) Data Centre
14 10 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
14 10 (1.22%) Management Information System
15 7 (0.85%) Algorithms
15 7 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
16 6 (0.73%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 110 (13.40%) Linux
2 25 (3.05%) Windows
3 20 (2.44%) Unix
4 12 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (1.34%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.22%) Apple iOS
7 9 (1.10%) CentOS
8 8 (0.97%) Android
9 7 (0.85%) Debian
10 4 (0.49%) Amazon Linux
10 4 (0.49%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 429 (52.25%) DevOps
2 390 (47.50%) Agile Software Development
3 241 (29.35%) Software Engineering
4 204 (24.85%) Microservices
5 197 (24.00%) Asset Management
6 143 (17.42%) Infrastructure as Code
7 113 (13.76%) Test Automation
8 105 (12.79%) Investment Management
9 95 (11.57%) TDD
10 86 (10.48%) Scrum
11 77 (9.38%) Deployment Automation
12 64 (7.80%) Open Source
13 62 (7.55%) Continuous Integration
13 62 (7.55%) Mentoring
14 59 (7.19%) Decision-Making
15 52 (6.33%) Continuous Delivery
16 46 (5.60%) Infrastructure Automation
17 41 (4.99%) BDD
17 41 (4.99%) Migration
18 37 (4.51%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 436 (53.11%) Python
2 282 (34.35%) Java
3 230 (28.01%) SQL
4 199 (24.24%) JavaScript
5 100 (12.18%) C#
6 81 (9.87%) TypeScript
7 73 (8.89%) Bash Shell
8 69 (8.40%) Kotlin
9 54 (6.58%) PowerShell
10 37 (4.51%) Scala
11 35 (4.26%) R
12 34 (4.14%) Java 8
13 24 (2.92%) Go
14 23 (2.80%) Ruby
15 15 (1.83%) Clojure
15 15 (1.83%) PHP
16 14 (1.71%) VBA
17 13 (1.58%) T-SQL
18 12 (1.46%) C++
18 12 (1.46%) ES6
Qualifications
1 46 (5.60%) Security Cleared
2 42 (5.12%) SC Cleared
3 25 (3.05%) AWS Certification
4 24 (2.92%) Sun Certification
5 18 (2.19%) Degree
6 9 (1.10%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.73%) CISA
7 6 (0.73%) CISM
7 6 (0.73%) CISSP
7 6 (0.73%) CLAS
7 6 (0.73%) GIAC
8 5 (0.61%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.37%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.12%) GPEN
10 1 (0.12%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.12%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (2.92%) QA
2 7 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (0.85%) PCI DSS
3 6 (0.73%) COBIT
3 6 (0.73%) GDPR
3 6 (0.73%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 6 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.12%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.12%) NCSC
5 1 (0.12%) NIST
5 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 257 (31.30%) Docker
2 11 (1.34%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.61%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.24%) HDFS
6 2 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.12%) iptables
7 1 (0.12%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 229 (27.89%) Kubernetes
2 219 (26.67%) Terraform
3 97 (11.81%) Ansible
4 42 (5.12%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (3.17%) Puppet
6 20 (2.44%) Packer
7 16 (1.95%) Grafana
7 16 (1.95%) Kibana
8 10 (1.22%) Consul
9 7 (0.85%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.37%) Demisto
11 2 (0.24%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 2 (0.24%) Foglight
11 2 (0.24%) HAProxy
11 2 (0.24%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.24%) Istio
12 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.12%) Mesos
12 1 (0.12%) Nagios
12 1 (0.12%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 97 (11.81%) Google
2 86 (10.48%) Microsoft
3 68 (8.28%) Oracle
4 32 (3.90%) Databricks
5 13 (1.58%) SAP
6 11 (1.34%) Atlassian
7 10 (1.22%) Splunk
8 9 (1.10%) MuleSoft
9 8 (0.97%) Dynatrace
10 7 (0.85%) Red Hat
11 6 (0.73%) Informatica
11 6 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
12 5 (0.61%) New Relic
12 5 (0.61%) VMware
13 4 (0.49%) BiZZdesign
13 4 (0.49%) Cloudera
14 3 (0.37%) ServiceNow
14 3 (0.37%) StreamSets
15 2 (0.24%) Talend
15 2 (0.24%) WSO2