Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 257 481 791
Rank change year-on-year +224 +310 +96
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,064 450 106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.45% 0.10%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.59% 2.87% 0.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 350 79
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +17.65%
10th Percentile £413 £388 £423
90th Percentile £659 £609 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £75.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,181 15,671 12,013
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.41% 15.64% 11.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,971 10,815 8,267
UK median daily rate £480 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.78% +2.78% +8.43%
10th Percentile £305 £270 £275
90th Percentile £649 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 224 184
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.81 £17.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.67% +10.84% -18.08%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.55
90th Percentile £59.00 £63.75 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year -5.41% +8.82% -24.44%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +232 1,034 £525 +5.00% 321
London +184 704 £550 +4.76% 168
UK excluding London +111 342 £500 +5.26% 175
South East +87 187 £500 +9.89% 40
North of England +50 87 £525 +25.00% 50
Yorkshire - 70 £538 - 28
Midlands +15 31 £400 -16.88% 23
West Midlands +3 26 £425 - 14
Scotland -10 13 £463 +2.78% 13
South West -37 12 £450 +2.86% 20
North West -23 11 £419 +0.96% 18
East of England +10 8 £500 +17.65% 20
North East +1 6 £450 -5.26% 4
East Midlands +12 5 £363 -24.68% 9
Wales -51 4 £500 -4.76% 7

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 774 (72.74%) Amazon AWS
2 651 (61.18%) AWS Lambda
3 449 (42.20%) Agile Software Development
4 368 (34.59%) JavaScript
5 366 (34.40%) Python
6 363 (34.12%) DevOps
7 338 (31.77%) Node.js
8 308 (28.95%) Docker
9 292 (27.44%) Amazon EC2
10 280 (26.32%) Java
11 277 (26.03%) Microsoft Azure
12 273 (25.66%) Amazon S3
13 265 (24.91%) Terraform
14 232 (21.80%) Jenkins
15 231 (21.71%) TDD
16 227 (21.33%) Ansible
17 216 (20.30%) AWS CloudFormation
18 210 (19.74%) Linux
19 206 (19.36%) Git (software)
20 199 (18.70%) Microservices
21 186 (17.48%) HTML
22 177 (16.64%) Opscode Chef
23 174 (16.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 168 (15.79%) Amazon RDS
25 166 (15.60%) Azure Functions
26 159 (14.94%) .NET
26 159 (14.94%) Finance
27 158 (14.85%) Web Services
27 158 (14.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
28 153 (14.38%) Puppet

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (6.30%) Elasticsearch
2 66 (6.20%) Confluence
3 27 (2.54%) Apache
4 23 (2.16%) Apache Spark
5 16 (1.50%) SharePoint
6 14 (1.32%) CMS
7 13 (1.22%) Apache Solr
8 12 (1.13%) SharePoint 2010
9 11 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 11 (1.03%) Gunicorn
10 9 (0.85%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.66%) IIS
11 7 (0.66%) OpenStack
12 6 (0.56%) SAS
13 5 (0.47%) Apache Pig
13 5 (0.47%) nginx
14 4 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
14 4 (0.38%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.28%) Magnolia
15 3 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 14 (1.32%) InfoPath
2 2 (0.19%) InVision
3 1 (0.094%) HipChat
3 1 (0.094%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.094%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 5 (0.47%) Magento
2 4 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.28%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.094%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 774 (72.74%) Amazon AWS
2 651 (61.18%) AWS Lambda
3 292 (27.44%) Amazon EC2
4 277 (26.03%) Microsoft Azure
5 273 (25.66%) Amazon S3
6 216 (20.30%) AWS CloudFormation
7 166 (15.60%) Azure Functions
8 158 (14.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 106 (9.96%) Amazon SQS
10 87 (8.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 84 (7.89%) PaaS
12 83 (7.80%) Amazon Kinesis
13 69 (6.48%) Route 53
14 64 (6.02%) Amazon ELB
15 58 (5.45%) GitHub
16 54 (5.08%) CloudFront
17 53 (4.98%) SaaS
18 45 (4.23%) Google Cloud Platform
19 44 (4.14%) Amazon EMR
20 42 (3.95%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 66 (6.20%) Firewall
2 44 (4.14%) TCP/IP
3 43 (4.04%) DNS
4 27 (2.54%) HTTP
5 23 (2.16%) VPN
6 10 (0.94%) ICMP
6 10 (0.94%) Internet
6 10 (0.94%) MQTT
7 8 (0.75%) SSL
8 6 (0.56%) LAN
8 6 (0.56%) SAN
8 6 (0.56%) SSH
8 6 (0.56%) WAN
9 4 (0.38%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.38%) DHCP
9 4 (0.38%) Network Security
9 4 (0.38%) VLAN
10 3 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
10 3 (0.28%) MPLS
10 3 (0.28%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 174 (16.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 168 (15.79%) Amazon RDS
3 118 (11.09%) MySQL
4 95 (8.93%) PostgreSQL
5 78 (7.33%) NoSQL
6 77 (7.24%) SQL Server
7 71 (6.67%) MongoDB
8 64 (6.02%) Relational Database
9 62 (5.83%) Cosmos DB
10 61 (5.73%) Big Data
11 59 (5.55%) Redis
12 43 (4.04%) Data Lake
13 42 (3.95%) Azure SQL Database
14 39 (3.67%) Amazon Redshift
15 34 (3.20%) Hadoop
16 27 (2.54%) Data Warehouse
17 26 (2.44%) Couchbase
18 25 (2.35%) Amazon Aurora
19 19 (1.79%) Apache Hive
20 18 (1.69%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 232 (21.80%) Jenkins
2 206 (19.36%) Git (software)
3 91 (8.55%) JIRA
4 71 (6.67%) Mocha
5 65 (6.11%) Visual Studio Team System
6 51 (4.79%) webpack
7 48 (4.51%) Selenium
8 38 (3.57%) Maven
9 37 (3.48%) Gatling
10 33 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
11 28 (2.63%) Jasmine
12 27 (2.54%) GitLab
13 25 (2.35%) Babel
14 21 (1.97%) TeamCity
15 20 (1.88%) Visual Studio
16 19 (1.79%) Gradle
17 18 (1.69%) Mercurial
17 18 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
18 16 (1.50%) Cucumber
19 15 (1.41%) JUnit
General
1 159 (14.94%) Finance
2 94 (8.83%) Retail
3 55 (5.17%) Banking
4 23 (2.16%) Marketing
5 17 (1.60%) Law
6 11 (1.03%) Telecoms
7 8 (0.75%) Publishing
8 7 (0.66%) Games
8 7 (0.66%) Legal
9 6 (0.56%) Advertising
9 6 (0.56%) Billing
10 5 (0.47%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.28%) Front Office
11 3 (0.28%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.19%) Music Industry
13 1 (0.094%) Automotive
13 1 (0.094%) Avionics
13 1 (0.094%) Back Office
13 1 (0.094%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 463 (43.52%) Developer
2 225 (21.15%) DevOps Engineer
3 198 (18.61%) AWS Engineer
4 150 (14.10%) AWS DevOps
5 138 (12.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 101 (9.49%) Architect
7 96 (9.02%) AWS Developer
8 81 (7.61%) Node.js Developer
9 79 (7.42%) React Developer
10 73 (6.86%) .NET Developer
10 73 (6.86%) JavaScript Developer
11 65 (6.11%) Software Engineer
12 62 (5.83%) Full Stack Developer
13 58 (5.45%) Cloud Engineer
14 54 (5.08%) C# Developer
15 53 (4.98%) Senior Developer
16 49 (4.61%) AWS Architect
17 48 (4.51%) Java Developer
18 47 (4.42%) Cloud Architect
19 44 (4.14%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 338 (31.77%) Node.js
2 186 (17.48%) HTML
3 159 (14.94%) .NET
4 158 (14.85%) Web Services
5 151 (14.19%) AngularJS
6 148 (13.91%) React
7 146 (13.72%) CSS
8 140 (13.16%) REST
9 116 (10.90%) HTML5
10 106 (9.96%) Redux
11 99 (9.30%) RESTful
12 89 (8.36%) JSON
13 71 (6.67%) jQuery
14 67 (6.30%) Jest
15 58 (5.45%) Sass
16 55 (5.17%) ASP.NET Web API
17 52 (4.89%) .NET Core
18 51 (4.79%) CSS3
19 50 (4.70%) .NET Framework
20 49 (4.61%) Chai
Miscellaneous
1 78 (7.33%) Greenfield Project
2 68 (6.39%) User Experience
3 53 (4.98%) Computer Science
3 53 (4.98%) Fintech
4 52 (4.89%) Cloud Native
5 39 (3.67%) Public Cloud
6 22 (2.07%) Data Centre
6 22 (2.07%) PKI
7 21 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
7 21 (1.97%) Mobile App
8 18 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
9 17 (1.60%) Analytical Skills
10 15 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (1.22%) Hybrid Cloud
12 9 (0.85%) Internet of Things
13 8 (0.75%) Replication
13 8 (0.75%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.66%) Robotics
15 6 (0.56%) Fixed Income
15 6 (0.56%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 210 (19.74%) Linux
2 64 (6.02%) Unix
3 63 (5.92%) Windows
4 34 (3.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.13%) VMS
6 11 (1.03%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (0.85%) CentOS
7 9 (0.85%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.66%) Android
9 6 (0.56%) Amazon Linux
9 6 (0.56%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.28%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.094%) Solaris
12 1 (0.094%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.094%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 449 (42.20%) Agile Software Development
2 363 (34.12%) DevOps
3 231 (21.71%) TDD
4 199 (18.70%) Microservices
5 152 (14.29%) Scrum
6 145 (13.63%) Configuration Management
7 141 (13.25%) Software Engineering
8 123 (11.56%) Continuous Integration
9 115 (10.81%) OO
10 113 (10.62%) BDD
11 104 (9.77%) MVC
12 94 (8.83%) Unit Testing
13 89 (8.36%) Migration
14 84 (7.89%) Test Automation
15 80 (7.52%) SOA
16 68 (6.39%) Continuous Delivery
17 66 (6.20%) E-Commerce
18 64 (6.02%) Auto-Scaling
19 62 (5.83%) SDLC
20 53 (4.98%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 368 (34.59%) JavaScript
2 366 (34.40%) Python
3 280 (26.32%) Java
4 145 (13.63%) C#
5 126 (11.84%) SQL
6 107 (10.06%) ES6
7 94 (8.83%) Bash Shell
8 85 (7.99%) TypeScript
9 77 (7.24%) PowerShell
10 68 (6.39%) Go
11 63 (5.92%) Ruby
12 43 (4.04%) Java 8
13 40 (3.76%) PHP
14 25 (2.35%) Scala
15 20 (1.88%) PHP 7
16 18 (1.69%) Groovy
17 16 (1.50%) JSX
18 11 (1.03%) C
18 11 (1.03%) Shell Script
19 6 (0.56%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 64 (6.02%) Degree
2 50 (4.70%) Security Cleared
3 42 (3.95%) SC Cleared
4 41 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (2.73%) AWS Certification
6 13 (1.22%) Master's Degree
7 11 (1.03%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.47%) CISSP
10 4 (0.38%) CISM
11 2 (0.19%) CCSA
11 2 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.19%) MCITP
11 2 (0.19%) MCSE
11 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.094%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 1 (0.094%) CRISC
12 1 (0.094%) ISACA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.54%) QA
2 10 (0.94%) PCI DSS
3 7 (0.66%) SLA
4 5 (0.47%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.19%) GDPR
5 2 (0.19%) PMO
6 1 (0.094%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 308 (28.95%) Docker
2 29 (2.73%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.47%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.19%) iptables
6 2 (0.19%) NFS
7 1 (0.094%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.094%) HDFS
7 1 (0.094%) KVM
Systems Management
1 265 (24.91%) Terraform
2 227 (21.33%) Ansible
3 177 (16.64%) Opscode Chef
4 153 (14.38%) Puppet
5 118 (11.09%) Kubernetes
6 85 (7.99%) Packer
7 26 (2.44%) Salt
8 25 (2.35%) Mesos
9 15 (1.41%) Grafana
10 12 (1.13%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.85%) Graphite
12 8 (0.75%) Kibana
13 6 (0.56%) Oozie
13 6 (0.56%) Sysdig
14 5 (0.47%) Consul
14 5 (0.47%) Prometheus
15 4 (0.38%) FortiGate
16 3 (0.28%) Capistrano
16 3 (0.28%) logstash
16 3 (0.28%) rkt
Vendors
1 92 (8.65%) Microsoft
2 35 (3.29%) Google
3 31 (2.91%) Red Hat
4 29 (2.73%) Splunk
5 26 (2.44%) Oracle
6 22 (2.07%) Atlassian
7 14 (1.32%) Nintex
8 12 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
9 11 (1.03%) Adobe
9 11 (1.03%) VMware
10 9 (0.85%) Cisco
11 8 (0.75%) Interwoven
11 8 (0.75%) Remedy
11 8 (0.75%) SaltStack
12 7 (0.66%) Solace
13 6 (0.56%) Tableau
14 5 (0.47%) CheckPoint
14 5 (0.47%) MuleSoft
15 4 (0.38%) Hortonworks
15 4 (0.38%) TOWER Software