Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 272 569 856
Rank change year-on-year +297 +287 +19
Contract jobs citing Serverless 974 311 61
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.95% 0.33% 0.056%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.50% 2.25% 0.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 727 256 43
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +25.00%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £425
90th Percentile £650 £609 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £400
% change year-on-year +5.56% +12.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
UK median hourly rate £65.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 21,642 13,800 11,112
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.15% 14.43% 10.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,840 9,456 7,709
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +12.50%
10th Percentile £304 £275 £286
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +3.53% - +7.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 313 198 173
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £19.00 £19.61
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.63% -3.11% -12.84%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.00 £11.50
90th Percentile £70.00 £59.43 £47.26
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.25 £17.00
% change year-on-year -4.11% +7.35% -15.00%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +277 951 £525 +5.00% 256
London +220 617 £550 +4.76% 146
UK excluding London +171 340 £475 +5.56% 129
South East +94 192 £475 +5.56% 37
North of England +43 80 £513 +13.89% 28
Yorkshire - 54 £525 - 19
Midlands +1 27 £400 -21.95% 18
South West -9 23 £421 +2.12% 11
West Midlands -6 21 £425 - 12
North West -7 20 £513 +7.89% 8
East of England -16 9 £513 +20.59% 16
Scotland - 8 £375 - 13
East Midlands +4 6 £375 -26.83% 6
North East -1 6 £450 +16.88% 1
Wales -15 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 701 (71.97%) Amazon AWS
2 565 (58.01%) AWS Lambda
3 431 (44.25%) Agile Software Development
4 362 (37.17%) DevOps
5 337 (34.60%) JavaScript
6 325 (33.37%) Python
7 321 (32.96%) Node.js
8 301 (30.90%) Terraform
9 295 (30.29%) Docker
10 280 (28.75%) Amazon EC2
11 259 (26.59%) Jenkins
12 250 (25.67%) Ansible
13 243 (24.95%) Linux
14 242 (24.85%) Amazon S3
15 213 (21.87%) AWS CloudFormation
15 213 (21.87%) TDD
16 212 (21.77%) Java
17 200 (20.53%) Microsoft Azure
18 198 (20.33%) Opscode Chef
19 196 (20.12%) Git (software)
20 192 (19.71%) Configuration Management
21 177 (18.17%) HTML
22 175 (17.97%) Puppet
23 164 (16.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
24 160 (16.43%) Web Services
25 156 (16.02%) Amazon RDS
26 153 (15.71%) Microservices
27 147 (15.09%) React
28 144 (14.78%) Finance
29 138 (14.17%) .NET

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (6.47%) Confluence
2 56 (5.75%) Elasticsearch
3 48 (4.93%) Apache Spark
4 26 (2.67%) Apache
5 15 (1.54%) Gunicorn
5 15 (1.54%) nginx
6 12 (1.23%) CMS
7 11 (1.13%) Apache Solr
8 10 (1.03%) Apache Pig
9 7 (0.72%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.62%) IIS
10 6 (0.62%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.41%) SAS
12 3 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.31%) Magnolia
12 3 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.31%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.21%) EPiServer
13 2 (0.21%) Sitefinity
Applications
1 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.10%) HipChat
2 1 (0.10%) InVision
2 1 (0.10%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 4 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.31%) Magento
3 2 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 701 (71.97%) Amazon AWS
2 565 (58.01%) AWS Lambda
3 280 (28.75%) Amazon EC2
4 242 (24.85%) Amazon S3
5 213 (21.87%) AWS CloudFormation
6 200 (20.53%) Microsoft Azure
7 164 (16.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 117 (12.01%) Azure Functions
9 95 (9.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 93 (9.55%) Route 53
11 85 (8.73%) GitHub
12 71 (7.29%) Amazon ELB
13 65 (6.67%) Amazon Kinesis
14 63 (6.47%) CloudFront
15 58 (5.95%) Amazon SQS
16 50 (5.13%) PaaS
17 39 (4.00%) OpenShift
18 37 (3.80%) SaaS
19 34 (3.49%) Amazon EMR
20 27 (2.77%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 48 (4.93%) Firewall
2 36 (3.70%) HTTP
3 30 (3.08%) DNS
4 16 (1.64%) Internet
4 16 (1.64%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.54%) VPN
6 13 (1.33%) SAN
7 11 (1.13%) DKIM
7 11 (1.13%) DMARC
7 11 (1.13%) MQTT
8 7 (0.72%) Unified Communications
9 5 (0.51%) LAN
9 5 (0.51%) SSL
9 5 (0.51%) WAN
10 4 (0.41%) VLAN
11 3 (0.31%) DHCP
11 3 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
11 3 (0.31%) MPLS
11 3 (0.31%) Network Security
11 3 (0.31%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (16.02%) Amazon RDS
2 126 (12.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 66 (6.78%) SQL Server
4 63 (6.47%) Big Data
5 61 (6.26%) NoSQL
6 59 (6.06%) MySQL
7 57 (5.85%) PostgreSQL
8 46 (4.72%) Cosmos DB
8 46 (4.72%) Hadoop
9 44 (4.52%) MongoDB
10 41 (4.21%) Redis
11 38 (3.90%) Azure SQL Database
12 36 (3.70%) Relational Database
13 35 (3.59%) Amazon Redshift
13 35 (3.59%) Data Lake
14 34 (3.49%) Data Warehouse
15 22 (2.26%) Neo4j
16 19 (1.95%) Apache Hive
17 17 (1.75%) Amazon Aurora
18 16 (1.64%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 259 (26.59%) Jenkins
2 196 (20.12%) Git (software)
3 75 (7.70%) JIRA
4 66 (6.78%) webpack
5 65 (6.67%) Mocha
6 51 (5.24%) Visual Studio Team System
7 48 (4.93%) Babel
8 37 (3.80%) TeamCity
9 29 (2.98%) Team Foundation Server
10 26 (2.67%) Sinon.JS
11 25 (2.57%) Gerrit
12 24 (2.46%) Maven
13 22 (2.26%) Visual Studio
14 20 (2.05%) Octopus Deploy
15 19 (1.95%) CircleCI
16 17 (1.75%) Gradle
16 17 (1.75%) Jasmine
16 17 (1.75%) Selenium
17 14 (1.44%) Cucumber
17 14 (1.44%) GitLab
General
1 144 (14.78%) Finance
2 56 (5.75%) Banking
3 46 (4.72%) Retail
4 19 (1.95%) Telecoms
5 12 (1.23%) Marketing
6 10 (1.03%) Publishing
7 8 (0.82%) Financial Institution
7 8 (0.82%) Law
8 6 (0.62%) Advertising
9 5 (0.51%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.31%) Electronics
10 3 (0.31%) Games
11 1 (0.10%) Automotive
11 1 (0.10%) Billing
11 1 (0.10%) Digital Economy
11 1 (0.10%) Legal
11 1 (0.10%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.10%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 400 (41.07%) Developer
2 232 (23.82%) DevOps Engineer
3 202 (20.74%) AWS Engineer
4 157 (16.12%) AWS DevOps
5 144 (14.78%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 87 (8.93%) Node.js Developer
7 74 (7.60%) Architect
7 74 (7.60%) AWS Developer
8 72 (7.39%) Cloud Engineer
9 69 (7.08%) .NET Developer
9 69 (7.08%) React Developer
10 67 (6.88%) JavaScript Developer
11 57 (5.85%) Full Stack Developer
12 43 (4.41%) Consultant
13 40 (4.11%) AWS Architect
14 36 (3.70%) C# Developer
14 36 (3.70%) Java Developer
15 31 (3.18%) Software Engineer
16 29 (2.98%) Operations Engineer
16 29 (2.98%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (32.96%) Node.js
2 177 (18.17%) HTML
3 160 (16.43%) Web Services
4 147 (15.09%) React
5 138 (14.17%) .NET
6 133 (13.66%) CSS
7 131 (13.45%) HTML5
7 131 (13.45%) RESTful
8 120 (12.32%) AngularJS
9 114 (11.70%) Redux
10 68 (6.98%) REST
11 59 (6.06%) JSON
12 58 (5.95%) CSS3
12 58 (5.95%) jQuery
13 54 (5.54%) Sass
14 49 (5.03%) ASP.NET Web API
15 46 (4.72%) OAuth
15 46 (4.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 44 (4.52%) .NET Core
17 43 (4.41%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 70 (7.19%) User Experience
2 54 (5.54%) Greenfield Project
3 51 (5.24%) Cloud Native
4 47 (4.83%) Linux Command Line
5 46 (4.72%) Fintech
6 36 (3.70%) Computer Science
7 29 (2.98%) Analytical Skills
8 26 (2.67%) Data Centre
9 20 (2.05%) Mobile App
9 20 (2.05%) PKI
9 20 (2.05%) Public Cloud
10 17 (1.75%) Replication
11 14 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.23%) Hybrid Cloud
12 12 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
13 9 (0.92%) Internet of Things
14 8 (0.82%) Clustering
14 8 (0.82%) Hedge funds
14 8 (0.82%) Virtual Team
15 7 (0.72%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 243 (24.95%) Linux
2 109 (11.19%) Unix
3 89 (9.14%) Windows
4 53 (5.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 22 (2.26%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.03%) VMS
7 8 (0.82%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (0.72%) Android
8 7 (0.72%) CentOS
9 6 (0.62%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.62%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.41%) Amazon Linux
10 4 (0.41%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.21%) AIX
12 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 431 (44.25%) Agile Software Development
2 362 (37.17%) DevOps
3 213 (21.87%) TDD
4 192 (19.71%) Configuration Management
5 153 (15.71%) Microservices
6 123 (12.63%) Continuous Integration
7 104 (10.68%) OO
8 102 (10.47%) Scrum
9 97 (9.96%) BDD
10 91 (9.34%) MVC
11 90 (9.24%) Continuous Delivery
12 87 (8.93%) Test Automation
13 85 (8.73%) Software Engineering
14 72 (7.39%) Unit Testing
14 72 (7.39%) Web Development
15 64 (6.57%) Migration
15 64 (6.57%) SDLC
16 61 (6.26%) SOA
17 59 (6.06%) Deployment Automation
18 57 (5.85%) Auto-Scaling
Programming Languages
1 337 (34.60%) JavaScript
2 325 (33.37%) Python
3 212 (21.77%) Java
4 122 (12.53%) Bash Shell
5 119 (12.22%) C#
6 112 (11.50%) SQL
7 94 (9.65%) ES6
8 76 (7.80%) TypeScript
9 63 (6.47%) PowerShell
10 62 (6.37%) Ruby
11 29 (2.98%) JSX
12 26 (2.67%) Shell Script
13 25 (2.57%) PHP
14 24 (2.46%) Java 8
15 18 (1.85%) Go
15 18 (1.85%) Groovy
16 12 (1.23%) T-SQL
17 7 (0.72%) PHP 7
17 7 (0.72%) Scala
18 6 (0.62%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 62 (6.37%) Security Cleared
2 60 (6.16%) AWS Certification
3 53 (5.44%) SC Cleared
4 46 (4.72%) Degree
5 36 (3.70%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.82%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.72%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.51%) CISSP
9 4 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.41%) CISM
10 2 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 2 (0.21%) CCSA
10 2 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.10%) CCNA
11 1 (0.10%) CCNP
11 1 (0.10%) CIPD
11 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.16%) QA
2 19 (1.95%) PCI DSS
3 13 (1.33%) SLA
4 9 (0.92%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.92%) GCP
5 8 (0.82%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 5 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.31%) GDPR
8 2 (0.21%) PMO
System Software
1 295 (30.29%) Docker
2 21 (2.16%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (1.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (1.23%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.51%) HDFS
7 3 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.31%) Varnish
8 2 (0.21%) etcd
9 1 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 301 (30.90%) Terraform
2 250 (25.67%) Ansible
3 198 (20.33%) Opscode Chef
4 175 (17.97%) Puppet
5 126 (12.94%) Kubernetes
6 90 (9.24%) Packer
7 39 (4.00%) Salt
8 31 (3.18%) Mesos
9 20 (2.05%) Grafana
10 16 (1.64%) Oozie
11 13 (1.33%) Consul
11 13 (1.33%) Graphite
12 10 (1.03%) Rancher
13 9 (0.92%) Kibana
13 9 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (0.92%) Sysdig
14 7 (0.72%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.51%) Capistrano
16 4 (0.41%) Nagios
16 4 (0.41%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 63 (6.47%) Microsoft
2 44 (4.52%) Red Hat
3 35 (3.59%) Atlassian
4 34 (3.49%) Google
4 34 (3.49%) Splunk
5 21 (2.16%) VMware
6 17 (1.75%) Oracle
7 15 (1.54%) SaltStack
8 12 (1.23%) Remedy
9 11 (1.13%) Cisco
10 8 (0.82%) EMC
10 8 (0.82%) Interwoven
11 7 (0.72%) Cloudera
11 7 (0.72%) Symantec
12 6 (0.62%) New Relic
12 6 (0.62%) Talend
13 5 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (0.51%) Sitecore
13 5 (0.51%) Tableau
13 5 (0.51%) TOWER Software