Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 153 278 561
Rank change year-on-year +125 +283 +311
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,628 980 316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 0.96% 0.33%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.31% 4.34% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,094 736 260
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £408 £406 £375
90th Percentile £677 £650 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 0
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £65.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.54% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £72.50 £50.00 -
% change year-on-year +45.00% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,803 22,605 14,387
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.66% 22.11% 15.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,613 15,497 9,861
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.83% +1.67%
10th Percentile £306 £305 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 400 332 203
UK median hourly rate £21.88 £18.60 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.63% -2.11% -3.11%
10th Percentile £13.48 £11.75 £11.00
90th Percentile £71.25 £59.75 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +25.71% - +2.94%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +110 1,522 £525 - 420
London +88 947 £550 - 213
UK excluding London +173 667 £500 +5.26% 234
South East +31 199 £500 +5.26% 52
North of England +116 167 £465 -9.27% 82
North West +109 124 £463 -7.50% 57
South West +64 94 £550 +40.13% 17
Midlands +70 62 £450 +12.50% 34
Scotland +94 59 £525 +40.00% 13
West Midlands +46 51 £450 +5.88% 18
East of England +60 49 £500 - 25
Wales +38 35 £450 -10.00% 12
Yorkshire +3 35 £475 -9.52% 14
East Midlands +35 11 £513 +36.67% 16
North East +23 8 £435 +2.35% 11
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,193 (73.28%) Amazon AWS
2 1,020 (62.65%) AWS Lambda
3 728 (44.72%) Agile Software Development
4 655 (40.23%) DevOps
5 596 (36.61%) Python
6 586 (36.00%) Java
7 518 (31.82%) Docker
8 509 (31.27%) Amazon S3
9 492 (30.22%) Microsoft Azure
10 429 (26.35%) Terraform
11 423 (25.98%) Microservices
12 411 (25.25%) Kubernetes
13 390 (23.96%) Finance
14 376 (23.10%) Amazon EC2
15 344 (21.13%) Web Services
16 328 (20.15%) JavaScript
17 325 (19.96%) Node.js
18 324 (19.90%) Jenkins
19 312 (19.16%) AWS CloudFormation
20 295 (18.12%) Software Engineering
21 290 (17.81%) Git (software)
22 288 (17.69%) C#
22 288 (17.69%) SQL
23 282 (17.32%) Amazon RDS
24 280 (17.20%) .NET
25 273 (16.77%) Linux
26 260 (15.97%) Azure Functions
27 250 (15.36%) Amazon SQS
28 236 (14.50%) Amazon ECS
29 230 (14.13%) TDD

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (7.92%) Apache Spark
2 90 (5.53%) Elasticsearch
3 81 (4.98%) Confluence
4 75 (4.61%) Apache
5 30 (1.84%) Apache Solr
6 18 (1.11%) nginx
7 16 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
8 12 (0.74%) SharePoint
9 11 (0.68%) WebSphere
10 9 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
11 8 (0.49%) Anypoint
12 7 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (0.43%) Jupyter
12 7 (0.43%) SAS
13 6 (0.37%) Luigi
14 5 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
14 5 (0.31%) CMS
14 5 (0.31%) CoreMedia CMS
15 4 (0.25%) IIS
16 3 (0.18%) Tomcat
Applications
1 6 (0.37%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.061%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 39 (2.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.43%) Fredhopper
3 5 (0.31%) Magento
3 5 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.061%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.061%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.061%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.061%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.061%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 1,193 (73.28%) Amazon AWS
2 1,020 (62.65%) AWS Lambda
3 509 (31.27%) Amazon S3
4 492 (30.22%) Microsoft Azure
5 376 (23.10%) Amazon EC2
6 312 (19.16%) AWS CloudFormation
7 260 (15.97%) Azure Functions
8 250 (15.36%) Amazon SQS
9 236 (14.50%) Amazon ECS
10 156 (9.58%) Amazon Kinesis
11 146 (8.97%) OpenShift
12 133 (8.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 114 (7.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 109 (6.70%) PaaS
15 107 (6.57%) CloudFront
16 100 (6.14%) Google Cloud Platform
17 98 (6.02%) GitHub
18 95 (5.84%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 79 (4.85%) SaaS
20 71 (4.36%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.27%) VPN
2 26 (1.60%) HTTP
3 15 (0.92%) Firewall
4 14 (0.86%) FTP
5 12 (0.74%) Network Security
6 11 (0.68%) Internet
7 10 (0.61%) DNS
8 9 (0.55%) TCP/IP
9 6 (0.37%) AMQP
9 6 (0.37%) Intrusion Detection
9 6 (0.37%) Wireshark
10 5 (0.31%) Skype
10 5 (0.31%) WAN
11 4 (0.25%) SSL
12 3 (0.18%) DSL
13 1 (0.061%) HTTPS
13 1 (0.061%) Remote Desktop
13 1 (0.061%) SMTP
13 1 (0.061%) SSH
13 1 (0.061%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 282 (17.32%) Amazon RDS
2 223 (13.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 199 (12.22%) Amazon Redshift
4 162 (9.95%) NoSQL
5 130 (7.99%) SQL Server
6 118 (7.25%) Big Data
7 117 (7.19%) MySQL
8 115 (7.06%) Cosmos DB
9 101 (6.20%) Data Lake
10 96 (5.90%) Azure SQL Database
11 88 (5.41%) MongoDB
12 77 (4.73%) Hadoop
13 73 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
14 69 (4.24%) Data Warehouse
15 68 (4.18%) Relational Database
16 65 (3.99%) Redis
17 58 (3.56%) Power BI
18 54 (3.32%) Amazon Athena
19 43 (2.64%) Apache Hive
19 43 (2.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 324 (19.90%) Jenkins
2 290 (17.81%) Git (software)
3 159 (9.77%) Artifactory
4 115 (7.06%) JIRA
5 93 (5.71%) GitLab
6 81 (4.98%) RStudio
7 75 (4.61%) Visual Studio Team System
8 58 (3.56%) TeamCity
9 53 (3.26%) Bitbucket
10 48 (2.95%) Selenium
11 43 (2.64%) Visual Studio
12 38 (2.33%) Maven
13 33 (2.03%) CircleCI
14 31 (1.90%) Cucumber
15 30 (1.84%) Travis CI
16 25 (1.54%) Subversion
17 24 (1.47%) Jasmine
17 24 (1.47%) JUnit
17 24 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
18 23 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 390 (23.96%) Finance
2 93 (5.71%) Front Office
3 72 (4.42%) Banking
4 71 (4.36%) Public Sector
5 57 (3.50%) Retail
6 27 (1.66%) Telecoms
7 22 (1.35%) Games
7 22 (1.35%) Law
8 19 (1.17%) Advertising
9 18 (1.11%) Marketing
10 11 (0.68%) Publishing
11 8 (0.49%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.43%) Electronics
12 7 (0.43%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.37%) Investment Banking
14 5 (0.31%) Local Government
15 4 (0.25%) Legal
16 3 (0.18%) Music Industry
17 2 (0.12%) Automotive
18 1 (0.061%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 734 (45.09%) Developer
2 326 (20.02%) AWS Engineer
3 267 (16.40%) AWS Developer
4 246 (15.11%) DevOps Engineer
5 151 (9.28%) Architect
6 148 (9.09%) AWS DevOps
7 139 (8.54%) Java Developer
8 134 (8.23%) Senior Developer
9 127 (7.80%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 107 (6.57%) Data Engineer
11 103 (6.33%) Python Developer
12 87 (5.34%) Cloud Engineer
13 86 (5.28%) JavaScript Developer
14 85 (5.22%) React Developer
15 84 (5.16%) .NET Developer
15 84 (5.16%) Software Engineer
16 78 (4.79%) Full Stack Developer
17 74 (4.55%) Lead Developer
18 66 (4.05%) Angular Developer
18 66 (4.05%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 344 (21.13%) Web Services
2 325 (19.96%) Node.js
3 280 (17.20%) .NET
4 199 (12.22%) React
5 186 (11.43%) AngularJS
6 169 (10.38%) Kafka
7 153 (9.40%) J2EE
8 129 (7.92%) .NET Core
9 112 (6.88%) RESTful
10 109 (6.70%) REST
11 106 (6.51%) CSS
12 100 (6.14%) HTML
13 92 (5.65%) JSON
14 83 (5.10%) Spring
15 76 (4.67%) ASP.NET Web API
15 76 (4.67%) Spring Boot
16 69 (4.24%) ASP.NET
17 60 (3.69%) SOAP
18 58 (3.56%) XML
19 57 (3.50%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 97 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
2 85 (5.22%) Fixed Income
3 70 (4.30%) Enterprise Software
4 58 (3.56%) Cloud Native
5 53 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (2.70%) Public Cloud
7 37 (2.27%) User Experience
8 32 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
9 23 (1.41%) Mobile Banking
10 21 (1.29%) PKI
11 19 (1.17%) Data Centre
11 19 (1.17%) Data Structures
12 17 (1.04%) Mobile App
13 14 (0.86%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
14 11 (0.68%) Management Information System
14 11 (0.68%) Video\Live Streaming
15 10 (0.61%) Analytical Mindset
15 10 (0.61%) Enterprise Cloud
16 9 (0.55%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 273 (16.77%) Linux
2 115 (7.06%) Windows
3 60 (3.69%) Unix
4 21 (1.29%) Ubuntu
5 14 (0.86%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.74%) Android
6 12 (0.74%) VMS
7 9 (0.55%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.18%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.12%) CentOS
11 1 (0.061%) Fedora
11 1 (0.061%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.061%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.061%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 728 (44.72%) Agile Software Development
2 655 (40.23%) DevOps
3 423 (25.98%) Microservices
4 295 (18.12%) Software Engineering
5 230 (14.13%) TDD
6 224 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
7 223 (13.70%) Scrum
8 176 (10.81%) Asset Management
9 149 (9.15%) Analytics
10 130 (7.99%) Open Source
11 110 (6.76%) Fintech
11 110 (6.76%) Infrastructure as Code
12 106 (6.51%) Decision-Making
13 101 (6.20%) Configuration Management
14 99 (6.08%) BDD
15 95 (5.84%) Migration
16 90 (5.53%) Computer Science
17 89 (5.47%) Data Modelling
17 89 (5.47%) Deployment Automation
17 89 (5.47%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 596 (36.61%) Python
2 586 (36.00%) Java
3 328 (20.15%) JavaScript
4 288 (17.69%) C#
4 288 (17.69%) SQL
5 130 (7.99%) PowerShell
6 120 (7.37%) Bash Shell
7 93 (5.71%) Ruby
8 79 (4.85%) TypeScript
9 75 (4.61%) Scala
10 67 (4.12%) ES6
11 60 (3.69%) Go
12 57 (3.50%) Java 8
13 45 (2.76%) T-SQL
14 39 (2.40%) PHP
15 36 (2.21%) R
16 27 (1.66%) ES7
17 18 (1.11%) C++
17 18 (1.11%) Shell Script
18 16 (0.98%) C
Qualifications
1 158 (9.71%) AWS Certification
2 81 (4.98%) Security Cleared
3 59 (3.62%) SC Cleared
4 48 (2.95%) Degree
5 25 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
8 10 (0.61%) CISSP
9 9 (0.55%) CISM
10 8 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.25%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 4 (0.25%) ISEB
11 4 (0.25%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.12%) PhD
13 1 (0.061%) MCSE
13 1 (0.061%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (1.90%) QA
2 17 (1.04%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.49%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.37%) NCSC
5 6 (0.37%) SLA
6 5 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
6 5 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 5 (0.31%) NIST
7 3 (0.18%) GDPR
8 1 (0.061%) COBIT
8 1 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.061%) WCAG
System Software
1 518 (31.82%) Docker
2 61 (3.75%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.60%) HDFS
4 12 (0.74%) Apache Flume
4 12 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.49%) Hyper-V
5 8 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.37%) LXC
7 5 (0.31%) Varnish
8 1 (0.061%) Firmware
8 1 (0.061%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.061%) Squid
8 1 (0.061%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 429 (26.35%) Terraform
2 411 (25.25%) Kubernetes
3 224 (13.76%) Ansible
4 101 (6.20%) Puppet
5 83 (5.10%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.66%) Packer
7 23 (1.41%) Grafana
8 13 (0.80%) Graphite
9 11 (0.68%) Kibana
10 10 (0.61%) logstash
11 8 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
12 7 (0.43%) Consul
12 7 (0.43%) Nagios
13 6 (0.37%) Istio
13 6 (0.37%) MIIS
13 6 (0.37%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
14 5 (0.31%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.25%) Marathon
15 4 (0.25%) Mesos
Vendors
1 197 (12.10%) Microsoft
2 77 (4.73%) Google
3 54 (3.32%) SAP
4 52 (3.19%) Splunk
5 47 (2.89%) Atlassian
6 40 (2.46%) IBM
7 35 (2.15%) Informatica
8 31 (1.90%) IBM Sterling
9 28 (1.72%) Databricks
10 26 (1.60%) MuleSoft
11 19 (1.17%) Oracle
12 18 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
13 13 (0.80%) VMware
14 12 (0.74%) Red Hat
15 11 (0.68%) Xamarin
16 10 (0.61%) New Relic
16 10 (0.61%) Ping Identity
17 8 (0.49%) Black Duck
17 8 (0.49%) Tableau
17 8 (0.49%) WSO2