Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 139 202 326
Rank change year-on-year +63 +124 +357
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,129 1,333 776
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 1.38% 0.76%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.17% 5.07% 3.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 865 941 613
Median daily rate £525 £538 £501
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.33% +7.39% +0.10%
10th Percentile £409 £413 £409
90th Percentile £688 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 1 1
Median hourly rate £72.50 £42.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +70.59% -15.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% -15.00% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,303 26,271 20,562
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.11% 27.10% 20.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,225 18,082 14,103
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 378 302 271
Median hourly rate £23.94 £19.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.00% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £63.50 £48.25
Median hourly rate £20.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.14% - +1.60%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +72 1,070 £525 -4.11% 308
London +45 585 £550 - 166
UK excluding London +114 531 £525 +5.00% 153
North of England +83 156 £525 +13.51% 48
South East +66 143 £500 - 41
South West +83 107 £550 +10.00% 16
North West +51 87 £525 +10.53% 31
Work from Home +24 65 £525 +5.00% 41
East of England +55 52 £525 +7.69% 11
Yorkshire +48 41 £513 +11.41% 11
Scotland +58 39 £475 +2.70% 10
North East +52 28 £530 +24.64% 6
Midlands +25 25 £500 +1.27% 26
West Midlands +20 16 £500 -4.76% 20
Wales +27 11 £450 -14.29% 1
East Midlands +32 9 £505 +20.60% 6

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 828 (73.34%) AWS
2 662 (58.64%) AWS Lambda
3 511 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
4 498 (44.11%) Python
5 475 (42.07%) DevOps
6 346 (30.65%) Azure
7 333 (29.50%) Docker
8 305 (27.02%) Java
9 298 (26.40%) Amazon S3
10 293 (25.95%) Terraform
11 285 (25.24%) Kubernetes
11 285 (25.24%) JavaScript
12 259 (22.94%) Amazon EC2
13 248 (21.97%) Node.js
14 237 (20.99%) Microservices
15 228 (20.19%) Jenkins
16 224 (19.84%) AWS CloudFormation
17 207 (18.33%) Web Services
18 206 (18.25%) Finance
19 202 (17.89%) Azure Functions
20 191 (16.92%) Git (software)
21 189 (16.74%) C#
22 171 (15.15%) SQL
22 171 (15.15%) Software Engineering
23 169 (14.97%) React
24 167 (14.79%) Amazon RDS
25 162 (14.35%) TDD
26 160 (14.17%) .NET
27 154 (13.64%) Linux
28 145 (12.84%) Scrum

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
2 46 (4.07%) Apache Spark
3 41 (3.63%) Confluence
4 20 (1.77%) SharePoint
5 13 (1.15%) Apache
5 13 (1.15%) CMS
5 13 (1.15%) nginx
6 8 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
7 7 (0.62%) Drupal
7 7 (0.62%) Headless CMS
8 5 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
8 5 (0.44%) IIS
8 5 (0.44%) JBoss
9 4 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.35%) Apache Pig
9 4 (0.35%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.35%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.18%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.18%) WildFly
Applications
1 27 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (1.86%) MS Visio
3 17 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.27%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.089%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.089%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 32 (2.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.89%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.27%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.18%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.18%) Markit EDM
4 2 (0.18%) Shopify
4 2 (0.18%) SimCorp Dimension
4 2 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.089%) Actimize
5 1 (0.089%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 1 (0.089%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 828 (73.34%) AWS
2 662 (58.64%) AWS Lambda
3 346 (30.65%) Azure
4 298 (26.40%) Amazon S3
5 259 (22.94%) Amazon EC2
6 224 (19.84%) AWS CloudFormation
7 202 (17.89%) Azure Functions
8 134 (11.87%) Amazon ECS
9 125 (11.07%) Amazon SQS
10 114 (10.10%) OpenShift
11 96 (8.50%) PaaS
12 83 (7.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 82 (7.26%) Amazon Kinesis
14 77 (6.82%) GitHub
14 77 (6.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 74 (6.55%) SaaS
16 67 (5.93%) GCP
17 64 (5.67%) Azure Active Directory
17 64 (5.67%) CloudFront
18 55 (4.87%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 37 (3.28%) DNS
2 25 (2.21%) VPN
3 16 (1.42%) Network Security
4 12 (1.06%) HTTP
5 11 (0.97%) TCP/IP
6 10 (0.89%) DHCP
7 8 (0.71%) Firewall
8 7 (0.62%) MQTT
9 6 (0.53%) AMQP
9 6 (0.53%) SSL
10 5 (0.44%) Internet
11 4 (0.35%) OpenVPN
12 3 (0.27%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.27%) IPsec
12 3 (0.27%) Skype
12 3 (0.27%) SNMP
12 3 (0.27%) SSH
13 2 (0.18%) SMS
13 2 (0.18%) tcpdump
13 2 (0.18%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (14.79%) Amazon RDS
2 125 (11.07%) Amazon Redshift
3 107 (9.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 77 (6.82%) NoSQL
5 72 (6.38%) SQL Server
6 71 (6.29%) Amazon Athena
7 63 (5.58%) Data Lake
8 61 (5.40%) Big Data
9 55 (4.87%) Azure SQL Database
10 54 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
11 52 (4.61%) Power BI
12 48 (4.25%) MongoDB
13 38 (3.37%) Cosmos DB
13 38 (3.37%) MySQL
13 38 (3.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 33 (2.92%) Data Warehouse
14 33 (2.92%) Relational Database
15 32 (2.83%) Redis
16 24 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 18 (1.59%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 228 (20.19%) Jenkins
2 191 (16.92%) Git (software)
3 68 (6.02%) Artifactory
4 61 (5.40%) JIRA
5 51 (4.52%) Maven
6 48 (4.25%) GitLab
6 48 (4.25%) RStudio
7 41 (3.63%) Bitbucket
8 34 (3.01%) CircleCI
9 33 (2.92%) Visual Studio Team System
10 30 (2.66%) Cucumber
11 28 (2.48%) Gradle
11 28 (2.48%) TeamCity
12 25 (2.21%) Visual Studio
13 19 (1.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (1.68%) Octopus Deploy
13 19 (1.68%) Selenium
14 18 (1.59%) Mocha
15 15 (1.33%) Travis CI
16 14 (1.24%) JUnit
General
1 206 (18.25%) Finance
2 112 (9.92%) Front Office
3 69 (6.11%) Public Sector
4 38 (3.37%) Marketing
5 37 (3.28%) Banking
6 15 (1.33%) Retail
7 14 (1.24%) Advertising
8 13 (1.15%) Games
9 10 (0.89%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.44%) Electronics
10 5 (0.44%) Law
11 4 (0.35%) Local Government
11 4 (0.35%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.27%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.27%) Publishing
13 2 (0.18%) Automotive
13 2 (0.18%) Back Office
14 1 (0.089%) Legal
14 1 (0.089%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 522 (46.24%) Developer
2 188 (16.65%) AWS Engineer
3 185 (16.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 124 (10.98%) Architect
5 123 (10.89%) AWS Developer
6 109 (9.65%) AWS DevOps
7 91 (8.06%) Python Developer
8 85 (7.53%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 85 (7.53%) Java Developer
9 72 (6.38%) Senior Developer
10 69 (6.11%) Python Engineer
11 66 (5.85%) Software Engineer
12 63 (5.58%) .NET Developer
13 62 (5.49%) Azure Developer
14 58 (5.14%) React Developer
15 51 (4.52%) JavaScript Developer
16 50 (4.43%) Data Engineer
16 50 (4.43%) Lead Developer
17 49 (4.34%) Solutions Architect
18 48 (4.25%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 248 (21.97%) Node.js
2 207 (18.33%) Web Services
3 169 (14.97%) React
4 160 (14.17%) .NET
5 83 (7.35%) AngularJS
6 74 (6.55%) REST
7 73 (6.47%) Kafka
8 70 (6.20%) RESTful
9 59 (5.23%) Vue.js
10 55 (4.87%) J2EE
11 54 (4.78%) HTML
12 53 (4.69%) .NET Core
12 53 (4.69%) GraphQL
12 53 (4.69%) J2SE
13 48 (4.25%) CSS
14 40 (3.54%) JSON
14 40 (3.54%) Spring
15 37 (3.28%) Spring Boot
16 36 (3.19%) Redux
17 35 (3.10%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 84 (7.44%) Fixed Income
1 84 (7.44%) Greenfield Project
2 61 (5.40%) Cloud Native
3 56 (4.96%) Derivative
4 53 (4.69%) Equities
5 45 (3.99%) Enterprise Software
6 28 (2.48%) Public Cloud
7 24 (2.13%) Hedge funds
8 20 (1.77%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (1.77%) User Experience
9 13 (1.15%) Mobile App
10 10 (0.89%) Acoustics
10 10 (0.89%) Data Structures
10 10 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (0.89%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (0.80%) PKI
12 6 (0.53%) Algorithms
12 6 (0.53%) Enterprise Cloud
12 6 (0.53%) Management Information System
12 6 (0.53%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 154 (13.64%) Linux
2 71 (6.29%) Windows
3 22 (1.95%) Unix
4 19 (1.68%) Android
5 18 (1.59%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.15%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.53%) Debian
9 5 (0.44%) CoreOS
9 5 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.44%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.35%) CentOS
11 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.18%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.18%) VMS
13 1 (0.089%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 511 (45.26%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (42.07%) DevOps
3 237 (20.99%) Microservices
4 171 (15.15%) Software Engineering
5 162 (14.35%) TDD
6 145 (12.84%) Scrum
7 141 (12.49%) Continuous Integration
8 126 (11.16%) Infrastructure as Code
9 100 (8.86%) Asset Management
10 91 (8.06%) Deployment Automation
11 84 (7.44%) Test Automation
12 81 (7.17%) Migration
13 78 (6.91%) Decision-Making
14 76 (6.73%) Analytics
14 76 (6.73%) Continuous Deployment
14 76 (6.73%) Open Source
15 74 (6.55%) BDD
16 73 (6.47%) Kanban
17 58 (5.14%) Mentoring
18 54 (4.78%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 498 (44.11%) Python
2 305 (27.02%) Java
3 285 (25.24%) JavaScript
4 189 (16.74%) C#
5 171 (15.15%) SQL
6 76 (6.73%) TypeScript
7 66 (5.85%) R
8 65 (5.76%) Ruby
9 56 (4.96%) Bash Shell
10 53 (4.69%) Scala
11 52 (4.61%) Go
12 49 (4.34%) PowerShell
13 32 (2.83%) Groovy
14 29 (2.57%) Java 8
14 29 (2.57%) Shell Script
15 28 (2.48%) PHP
16 20 (1.77%) C++
17 14 (1.24%) ES6
17 14 (1.24%) Perl
18 13 (1.15%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 96 (8.50%) Security Cleared
2 66 (5.85%) SC Cleared
3 48 (4.25%) AWS Certification
4 20 (1.77%) BPSS Clearance
5 18 (1.59%) Degree
6 13 (1.15%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.53%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.27%) SANS
11 2 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.089%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 1 (0.089%) ISEB
12 1 (0.089%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.089%) MCSA
12 1 (0.089%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.66%) QA
2 7 (0.62%) Data Quality
2 7 (0.62%) GDPR
3 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.089%) PMO
5 1 (0.089%) WCAG
System Software
1 333 (29.50%) Docker
2 67 (5.93%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.89%) vSphere
5 5 (0.44%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.35%) BusyBox
6 4 (0.35%) HDFS
7 2 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.18%) LXC
7 2 (0.18%) Varnish
7 2 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.089%) NFS
8 1 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 293 (25.95%) Terraform
2 285 (25.24%) Kubernetes
3 124 (10.98%) Ansible
4 69 (6.11%) Puppet
5 53 (4.69%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (1.42%) Packer
7 9 (0.80%) logstash
7 9 (0.80%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.62%) HAProxy
9 5 (0.44%) Consul
9 5 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
9 5 (0.44%) Nagios
9 5 (0.44%) ZABBIX
10 3 (0.27%) Kibana
10 3 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.18%) BMC PATROL
11 2 (0.18%) collectd
11 2 (0.18%) Istio
11 2 (0.18%) Zipkin
12 1 (0.089%) Rancher
Vendors
1 110 (9.74%) Microsoft
2 87 (7.71%) Google
3 28 (2.48%) Databricks
4 25 (2.21%) Informatica
4 25 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
5 24 (2.13%) Oracle
6 19 (1.68%) IBM
6 19 (1.68%) Sparx
7 17 (1.51%) SAP
8 15 (1.33%) Adobe
8 15 (1.33%) Tableau
9 14 (1.24%) Facebook
10 13 (1.15%) Splunk
11 12 (1.06%) Atlassian
12 11 (0.97%) Red Hat
13 10 (0.89%) IBM Sterling
13 10 (0.89%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 6 (0.53%) Talend
15 5 (0.44%) Teradata
15 5 (0.44%) Xamarin