Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 238 454 761
Rank change year-on-year +216 +307 +124
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,196 525 129
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 0.51% 0.13%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.82% 3.00% 1.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 882 410 94
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £425
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £497 £500
% change year-on-year +0.64% -0.64% +25.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £42.50 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,791 17,505 12,516
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.64% 16.95% 12.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,147 12,166 8,569
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £275
90th Percentile £650 £625 £604
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 225 187
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.63 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.83% +9.03% -17.51%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.40
90th Percentile £59.75 £58.75 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.03
% change year-on-year - +2.76% -26.36%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +214 1,155 £525 +5.00% 285
London +180 754 £550 +4.76% 155
UK excluding London +137 423 £500 +0.64% 142
South East +96 196 £525 +5.00% 39
North of England +74 125 £525 +23.53% 50
Yorkshire +69 81 £525 +16.67% 15
Midlands +19 39 £425 -22.73% 14
North West +1 39 £515 +21.18% 30
West Midlands -2 29 £450 - 7
South West -35 25 £481 +16.67% 18
Scotland +5 16 £463 +8.82% 6
East of England -5 12 £500 -9.09% 9
East Midlands +20 10 £413 -17.50% 7
Wales -54 10 £525 - 3
North East -6 5 £475 - 5

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 903 (75.50%) Amazon AWS
2 710 (59.36%) AWS Lambda
3 505 (42.22%) Agile Software Development
4 424 (35.45%) DevOps
5 422 (35.28%) JavaScript
6 363 (30.35%) Python
7 360 (30.10%) Docker
8 336 (28.09%) Node.js
9 327 (27.34%) Microsoft Azure
10 316 (26.42%) Amazon EC2
11 309 (25.84%) Amazon S3
11 309 (25.84%) Java
12 269 (22.49%) Jenkins
13 255 (21.32%) TDD
14 242 (20.23%) Terraform
15 232 (19.40%) Git (software)
16 231 (19.31%) Microservices
17 210 (17.56%) Ansible
18 207 (17.31%) HTML
19 199 (16.64%) AWS CloudFormation
20 192 (16.05%) Web Services
21 189 (15.80%) Linux
21 189 (15.80%) React
22 185 (15.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
23 180 (15.05%) AngularJS
24 173 (14.46%) CSS
24 173 (14.46%) Finance
25 172 (14.38%) Azure Functions
26 167 (13.96%) Amazon RDS
26 167 (13.96%) .NET

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (7.86%) Elasticsearch
2 66 (5.52%) Confluence
3 25 (2.09%) SharePoint
4 23 (1.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 23 (1.92%) Apache Spark
5 21 (1.76%) Apache
6 19 (1.59%) CMS
7 12 (1.00%) Apache Solr
7 12 (1.00%) SharePoint 2010
8 11 (0.92%) Gunicorn
9 8 (0.67%) IIS
9 8 (0.67%) OpenStack
9 8 (0.67%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.50%) SAS
11 4 (0.33%) Jupyter
11 4 (0.33%) nginx
11 4 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
12 3 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.25%) Magnolia
Applications
1 18 (1.51%) InfoPath
2 2 (0.17%) InVision
Business Applications
1 10 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.33%) Magento
3 3 (0.25%) thinkFolio
4 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 903 (75.50%) Amazon AWS
2 710 (59.36%) AWS Lambda
3 327 (27.34%) Microsoft Azure
4 316 (26.42%) Amazon EC2
5 309 (25.84%) Amazon S3
6 199 (16.64%) AWS CloudFormation
7 172 (14.38%) Azure Functions
8 158 (13.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 138 (11.54%) Amazon SQS
10 103 (8.61%) Amazon Kinesis
11 98 (8.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 77 (6.44%) PaaS
13 71 (5.94%) Route 53
14 65 (5.43%) Google Cloud Platform
15 62 (5.18%) CloudFront
16 56 (4.68%) SaaS
17 55 (4.60%) Amazon ELB
18 51 (4.26%) Amazon EMR
19 45 (3.76%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 45 (3.76%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 58 (4.85%) TCP/IP
2 56 (4.68%) DNS
3 54 (4.52%) Firewall
4 30 (2.51%) VPN
5 18 (1.51%) HTTP
6 15 (1.25%) ICMP
7 10 (0.84%) SSL
8 6 (0.50%) Cisco ASA
8 6 (0.50%) SSH
9 3 (0.25%) LAN
9 3 (0.25%) MQTT
9 3 (0.25%) Skype
9 3 (0.25%) WAN
10 2 (0.17%) Extranet
10 2 (0.17%) tcpdump
11 1 (0.084%) BGP
11 1 (0.084%) DSL
11 1 (0.084%) EIGRP
11 1 (0.084%) Internet
11 1 (0.084%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (15.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 167 (13.96%) Amazon RDS
3 116 (9.70%) MySQL
4 95 (7.94%) SQL Server
5 93 (7.78%) PostgreSQL
6 77 (6.44%) MongoDB
7 71 (5.94%) Data Lake
8 69 (5.77%) NoSQL
9 65 (5.43%) Relational Database
10 62 (5.18%) Redis
11 61 (5.10%) Cosmos DB
12 53 (4.43%) Big Data
13 46 (3.85%) Amazon Redshift
14 42 (3.51%) Azure SQL Database
15 38 (3.18%) Hadoop
16 29 (2.42%) Data Warehouse
17 28 (2.34%) Couchbase
18 27 (2.26%) Amazon Aurora
19 21 (1.76%) Apache Hive
20 20 (1.67%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 269 (22.49%) Jenkins
2 232 (19.40%) Git (software)
3 95 (7.94%) JIRA
4 77 (6.44%) Visual Studio Team System
5 72 (6.02%) Mocha
6 64 (5.35%) Selenium
7 55 (4.60%) Maven
8 40 (3.34%) Gatling
9 38 (3.18%) webpack
10 37 (3.09%) GitLab
11 32 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
12 29 (2.42%) Octopus Deploy
13 26 (2.17%) TeamCity
14 24 (2.01%) IntelliJ
14 24 (2.01%) Mercurial
15 23 (1.92%) Gradle
16 22 (1.84%) Cucumber
17 20 (1.67%) JUnit
18 19 (1.59%) Jasmine
19 18 (1.51%) CircleCI
General
1 173 (14.46%) Finance
2 104 (8.70%) Retail
3 69 (5.77%) Banking
4 26 (2.17%) Law
5 19 (1.59%) Marketing
6 14 (1.17%) Back Office
7 9 (0.75%) Legal
8 8 (0.67%) Front Office
9 6 (0.50%) Automotive
9 6 (0.50%) Billing
9 6 (0.50%) Games
9 6 (0.50%) Publishing
10 5 (0.42%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.25%) Advertising
11 3 (0.25%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.17%) Local Government
12 2 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.084%) Avionics
13 1 (0.084%) Electronics
13 1 (0.084%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 524 (43.81%) Developer
2 239 (19.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 217 (18.14%) AWS Engineer
4 158 (13.21%) AWS DevOps
5 146 (12.21%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 125 (10.45%) Architect
7 97 (8.11%) AWS Developer
8 92 (7.69%) JavaScript Developer
9 88 (7.36%) React Developer
10 80 (6.69%) Full Stack Developer
11 79 (6.61%) Node.js Developer
12 78 (6.52%) Senior Developer
13 75 (6.27%) .NET Developer
14 67 (5.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 66 (5.52%) Software Engineer
16 62 (5.18%) AWS Architect
17 59 (4.93%) Cloud Engineer
18 55 (4.60%) Azure Developer
18 55 (4.60%) Java Developer
19 54 (4.52%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 336 (28.09%) Node.js
2 207 (17.31%) HTML
3 192 (16.05%) Web Services
4 189 (15.80%) React
5 180 (15.05%) AngularJS
6 173 (14.46%) CSS
7 167 (13.96%) .NET
8 156 (13.04%) REST
9 109 (9.11%) HTML5
10 99 (8.28%) Redux
11 92 (7.69%) RESTful
12 83 (6.94%) jQuery
13 77 (6.44%) JSON
14 73 (6.10%) .NET Core
15 70 (5.85%) Express
16 68 (5.69%) Jest
17 61 (5.10%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 57 (4.77%) Chai
19 55 (4.60%) Vue.js
20 54 (4.52%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 114 (9.53%) Greenfield Project
2 72 (6.02%) User Experience
3 61 (5.10%) Cloud Native
4 47 (3.93%) Fintech
5 43 (3.60%) Public Cloud
6 29 (2.42%) Hybrid Cloud
7 22 (1.84%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (1.67%) Mobile App
9 17 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
10 13 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
10 13 (1.09%) PKI
11 12 (1.00%) Data Centre
12 11 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (0.67%) Algorithms
13 8 (0.67%) Enterprise Cloud
13 8 (0.67%) Equities
13 8 (0.67%) Robotics
14 6 (0.50%) Tandem
15 5 (0.42%) N-Tier
15 5 (0.42%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 189 (15.80%) Linux
2 63 (5.27%) Windows
3 32 (2.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 32 (2.68%) Unix
4 12 (1.00%) Android
5 11 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
6 10 (0.84%) VMS
7 6 (0.50%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.42%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.33%) Amazon Linux
9 4 (0.33%) CentOS
10 3 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.084%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.084%) Solaris
11 1 (0.084%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.084%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (42.22%) Agile Software Development
2 424 (35.45%) DevOps
3 255 (21.32%) TDD
4 231 (19.31%) Microservices
5 161 (13.46%) Software Engineering
6 156 (13.04%) Scrum
7 133 (11.12%) BDD
8 132 (11.04%) Test Automation
9 128 (10.70%) Continuous Integration
10 117 (9.78%) Migration
11 111 (9.28%) OO
11 111 (9.28%) Unit Testing
12 104 (8.70%) Configuration Management
13 98 (8.19%) MVC
14 87 (7.27%) E-Commerce
15 77 (6.44%) SOA
16 66 (5.52%) Front End Development
17 64 (5.35%) SDLC
18 59 (4.93%) Auto-Scaling
19 57 (4.77%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 422 (35.28%) JavaScript
2 363 (30.35%) Python
3 309 (25.84%) Java
4 156 (13.04%) C#
5 146 (12.21%) SQL
6 117 (9.78%) ES6
7 95 (7.94%) TypeScript
8 83 (6.94%) Bash Shell
9 81 (6.77%) Ruby
10 70 (5.85%) Go
11 68 (5.69%) PowerShell
12 59 (4.93%) Java 8
13 41 (3.43%) PHP
14 35 (2.93%) Scala
15 18 (1.51%) PHP 7
16 16 (1.34%) Perl
17 15 (1.25%) C
18 11 (0.92%) Shell Script
19 10 (0.84%) PL/SQL
20 9 (0.75%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 49 (4.10%) Degree
2 46 (3.85%) Security Cleared
3 41 (3.43%) SC Cleared
4 39 (3.26%) AWS Certification
5 30 (2.51%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.84%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.42%) CISM
9 5 (0.42%) CISSP
10 4 (0.33%) MCITP
10 4 (0.33%) MCSE
10 4 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.084%) CRISC
12 1 (0.084%) ISACA
12 1 (0.084%) MCTS
12 1 (0.084%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.084%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (3.18%) QA
2 7 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.33%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.084%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 1 (0.084%) SLA
System Software
1 360 (30.10%) Docker
2 32 (2.68%) Active Directory
3 12 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.17%) iptables
5 2 (0.17%) NFS
6 1 (0.084%) HDFS
6 1 (0.084%) KVM
6 1 (0.084%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 242 (20.23%) Terraform
2 210 (17.56%) Ansible
3 162 (13.55%) Kubernetes
4 152 (12.71%) Puppet
5 150 (12.54%) Opscode Chef
6 75 (6.27%) Packer
7 30 (2.51%) Mesos
8 15 (1.25%) Kibana
9 14 (1.17%) Salt
9 14 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.92%) Grafana
11 7 (0.59%) logstash
11 7 (0.59%) Prometheus
11 7 (0.59%) rkt
12 6 (0.50%) FortiGate
13 5 (0.42%) Graphite
14 4 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.33%) Nagios
14 4 (0.33%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.25%) Consul
Vendors
1 100 (8.36%) Microsoft
2 45 (3.76%) Google
3 42 (3.51%) Oracle
4 34 (2.84%) Splunk
5 30 (2.51%) Red Hat
6 23 (1.92%) Adobe
7 18 (1.51%) Nintex
8 13 (1.09%) Tableau
9 11 (0.92%) Atlassian
9 11 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (0.75%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 8 (0.67%) Cisco
12 7 (0.59%) CheckPoint
12 7 (0.59%) Solace
13 5 (0.42%) Cloudera
13 5 (0.42%) MuleSoft
13 5 (0.42%) Reuters
13 5 (0.42%) SAP
14 4 (0.33%) Apple
14 4 (0.33%) Sitecore