Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 79 80 144
Rank change year-on-year +1 +64 +95
Contract jobs citing Serverless 2,599 1,181 1,321
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.97% 2.87% 1.84%
As % of the Cloud Services category 8.28% 8.56% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,920 925 947
10th Percentile £419 £388 £406
25th Percentile £475 £438 £444
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -1.64%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £619
90th Percentile £713 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £465 £500
% change year-on-year +7.53% -7.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 6 12
10th Percentile £35.00 £40.63 -
25th Percentile £41.00 £42.19 £66.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £72.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -37.93% +70.59%
75th Percentile £65.75 £61.13 £78.75
90th Percentile £92.50 £74.75 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.75 £82.00 £72.50
% change year-on-year -39.33% +13.10% +70.59%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,375 13,790 21,510
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.79% 33.57% 29.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,711 9,875 14,979
10th Percentile £334 £300 £275
25th Percentile £430 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £490
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +1.02% -0.44%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £667
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 430 271 333
10th Percentile £12.73 £12.50 £13.50
25th Percentile £15.04 £15.83 £16.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +12.50% +14.29%
75th Percentile £45.58 £45.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £63.53 £60.00 £71.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +6.14%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -5 2,018 £550 +4.76% 541
London -8 1,349 £575 +9.52% 316
Work from Home -14 832 £550 +4.76% 132
UK excluding London +10 595 £500 +7.53% 267
North of England +6 180 £500 +7.12% 74
North West +2 121 £513 +16.35% 50
South East -30 121 £525 +9.09% 48
Scotland -8 99 £466 -1.84% 25
Midlands -27 65 £490 +15.29% 57
South West -13 54 £570 +26.67% 22
Yorkshire -17 49 £500 +2.56% 17
Wales +12 38 £510 +2.00% 16
East of England -23 35 £425 -10.53% 18
West Midlands -40 34 £490 +30.67% 35
East Midlands -11 30 £500 +17.65% 22
North East +7 15 £500 -2.44% 7
Northern Ireland -1 3 £450 -10.00% 7
Isle of Man - 2 £590 -

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,830 (70.41%) AWS
2 1,392 (53.56%) AWS Lambda
3 1,102 (42.40%) DevOps
4 1,055 (40.59%) Agile Software Development
5 1,042 (40.09%) CI/CD
6 989 (38.05%) Azure
7 903 (34.74%) Python
8 813 (31.28%) Terraform
9 688 (26.47%) JavaScript
10 617 (23.74%) Docker
11 605 (23.28%) Kubernetes
12 593 (22.82%) Node.js
13 592 (22.78%) React
14 591 (22.74%) Microservices
15 582 (22.39%) Amazon S3
16 569 (21.89%) Software Engineering
17 559 (21.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 536 (20.62%) Azure Functions
19 515 (19.82%) Finance
20 512 (19.70%) Full Stack Development
21 504 (19.39%) SQL
22 498 (19.16%) Java
23 486 (18.70%) AWS CloudFormation
24 471 (18.12%) Infrastructure as Code
25 466 (17.93%) TypeScript
26 426 (16.39%) .NET
27 394 (15.16%) C#
28 330 (12.70%) Git (software)
29 325 (12.50%) Amazon SQS
30 302 (11.62%) Social Skills

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (4.39%) Apache Spark
2 75 (2.89%) Confluence
3 73 (2.81%) Elasticsearch
4 66 (2.54%) Apache Airflow
5 65 (2.50%) BizTalk Server
6 63 (2.42%) Apache
7 36 (1.39%) SharePoint
8 29 (1.12%) CMS
9 26 (1.00%) OpenStack
10 21 (0.81%) Jupyter
11 19 (0.73%) Luigi
12 14 (0.54%) Camunda
12 14 (0.54%) nginx
13 11 (0.42%) NServiceBus
14 9 (0.35%) Tomcat
15 8 (0.31%) IIS
16 7 (0.27%) Apache Pig
16 7 (0.27%) Headless CMS
17 5 (0.19%) Drupal
17 5 (0.19%) GeoServer
Applications
1 9 (0.35%) MS Visio
2 8 (0.31%) Chatbot
2 8 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.077%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.038%) InDesign
5 1 (0.038%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 33 (1.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.69%) Shopify
3 10 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.31%) Magento
5 4 (0.15%) Carpe Diem
5 4 (0.15%) Elite 3E
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.12%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.077%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.077%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.077%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.038%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.038%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.038%) Oracle Retail
8 1 (0.038%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.038%) SAP IS-U
8 1 (0.038%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,830 (70.41%) AWS
2 1,392 (53.56%) AWS Lambda
3 989 (38.05%) Azure
4 582 (22.39%) Amazon S3
5 536 (20.62%) Azure Functions
6 486 (18.70%) AWS CloudFormation
7 325 (12.50%) Amazon SQS
8 280 (10.77%) PaaS
9 244 (9.39%) Amazon EC2
10 229 (8.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 225 (8.66%) AWS Step Functions
12 220 (8.46%) GitHub
13 200 (7.70%) GCP
14 199 (7.66%) Azure Logic Apps
15 194 (7.46%) Azure Service Bus
16 186 (7.16%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 184 (7.08%) Amazon ECS
18 161 (6.19%) IaaS
19 159 (6.12%) SaaS
20 136 (5.23%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 51 (1.96%) HTTP
2 30 (1.15%) DNS
2 30 (1.15%) Firewall
3 25 (0.96%) VPN
4 19 (0.73%) HTTPS
5 16 (0.62%) SSL
6 12 (0.46%) Internet
7 10 (0.38%) LAN
7 10 (0.38%) WAN
8 9 (0.35%) Network Security
9 8 (0.31%) Intranet
10 7 (0.27%) tcpdump
11 6 (0.23%) Broadband
11 6 (0.23%) DHCP
12 4 (0.15%) VoIP
13 3 (0.12%) DSL
13 3 (0.12%) Kerberos
13 3 (0.12%) Remote Desktop
14 2 (0.077%) Asterisk PBX
14 2 (0.077%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 559 (21.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 274 (10.54%) Amazon RDS
3 228 (8.77%) NoSQL
4 195 (7.50%) PostgreSQL
5 194 (7.46%) Big Data
6 141 (5.43%) Data Warehouse
7 140 (5.39%) Data Lake
8 136 (5.23%) Amazon Redshift
9 135 (5.19%) MongoDB
9 135 (5.19%) SQL Server
10 117 (4.50%) Azure SQL Database
11 109 (4.19%) Amazon Athena
12 96 (3.69%) Relational Database
13 82 (3.16%) Power BI
14 71 (2.73%) Amazon Aurora
15 70 (2.69%) Redis
16 69 (2.65%) MySQL
17 55 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
18 44 (1.69%) Hadoop
19 39 (1.50%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 330 (12.70%) Git (software)
2 271 (10.43%) Jenkins
3 172 (6.62%) JIRA
4 145 (5.58%) GitLab
5 74 (2.85%) Bitbucket
6 60 (2.31%) Maven
7 46 (1.77%) Cucumber
8 42 (1.62%) CircleCI
9 38 (1.46%) TeamCity
10 37 (1.42%) Cypress.io
11 36 (1.39%) Artifactory
12 35 (1.35%) Postman
13 32 (1.23%) SonarQube
14 31 (1.19%) git-flow
14 31 (1.19%) Gradle
15 28 (1.08%) Mocha
16 24 (0.92%) Selenium
16 24 (0.92%) webpack
17 23 (0.88%) JUnit
17 23 (0.88%) Visual Studio
General
1 515 (19.82%) Finance
2 302 (11.62%) Social Skills
3 188 (7.23%) Front Office
4 169 (6.50%) Public Sector
5 93 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
6 86 (3.31%) Legal
7 73 (2.81%) Banking
7 73 (2.81%) Retail
8 72 (2.77%) Financial Institution
9 53 (2.04%) Presentation Skills
10 34 (1.31%) Telecoms
11 33 (1.27%) Marketing
12 29 (1.12%) Law
12 29 (1.12%) Manufacturing
13 18 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
14 16 (0.62%) Investment Banking
15 15 (0.58%) Publishing
16 14 (0.54%) Back Office
16 14 (0.54%) Games
17 11 (0.42%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 939 (36.13%) Developer
2 482 (18.55%) AWS Engineer
3 391 (15.04%) Architect
4 282 (10.85%) Software Engineer
5 262 (10.08%) DevOps Engineer
6 191 (7.35%) Data Engineer
7 188 (7.23%) Full Stack Developer
8 167 (6.43%) AWS DevOps
9 166 (6.39%) AWS Developer
10 149 (5.73%) Solutions Architect
11 142 (5.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 131 (5.04%) React Developer
13 127 (4.89%) .NET Developer
14 123 (4.73%) Azure Developer
15 122 (4.69%) Azure Engineer
15 122 (4.69%) Cloud Engineer
16 119 (4.58%) Python Developer
17 109 (4.19%) Python Engineer
18 107 (4.12%) Senior Developer
19 104 (4.00%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 593 (22.82%) Node.js
2 592 (22.78%) React
3 426 (16.39%) .NET
4 252 (9.70%) REST
5 201 (7.73%) Kafka
6 156 (6.00%) CSS
7 146 (5.62%) AngularJS
8 145 (5.58%) .NET Core
9 141 (5.43%) HTML
10 132 (5.08%) Material-UI
11 113 (4.35%) GraphQL
12 111 (4.27%) JSON
12 111 (4.27%) RESTful
13 98 (3.77%) Spring
14 89 (3.42%) Spring Boot
15 87 (3.35%) ARM Templates
16 84 (3.23%) Vue.js
17 80 (3.08%) Swagger
18 78 (3.00%) Jest
19 73 (2.81%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 195 (7.50%) Cloud Native
2 115 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
3 88 (3.39%) Public Cloud
4 79 (3.04%) Hedge funds
5 75 (2.89%) User Experience
6 68 (2.62%) Legacy Systems
7 58 (2.23%) Data Protection Act
8 52 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
9 45 (1.73%) Hybrid Cloud
10 41 (1.58%) Equities
11 40 (1.54%) Mobile App
12 39 (1.50%) Derivative
12 39 (1.50%) Fixed Income
13 37 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 34 (1.31%) Data Structures
15 33 (1.27%) Data Centre
16 29 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
16 29 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
16 29 (1.12%) Virtual Team
17 26 (1.00%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 203 (7.81%) Linux
2 139 (5.35%) Windows
3 32 (1.23%) Unix
4 17 (0.65%) Windows Server
5 15 (0.58%) Android
6 12 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.35%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.27%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.23%) Debian
9 6 (0.23%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.23%) VMS
10 4 (0.15%) CentOS
10 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.12%) Mesosphere
11 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.077%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.077%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.038%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,102 (42.40%) DevOps
2 1,055 (40.59%) Agile Software Development
3 1,042 (40.09%) CI/CD
4 591 (22.74%) Microservices
5 569 (21.89%) Software Engineering
6 512 (19.70%) Full Stack Development
7 471 (18.12%) Infrastructure as Code
8 241 (9.27%) TDD
9 238 (9.16%) Analytics
10 237 (9.12%) Test Automation
11 228 (8.77%) Scrum
12 192 (7.39%) Continuous Integration
13 190 (7.31%) Asset Management
14 182 (7.00%) Migration
15 161 (6.19%) Continuous Delivery
16 153 (5.89%) Data Protection
17 144 (5.54%) Investment Management
18 132 (5.08%) Event-Driven
19 131 (5.04%) Data Modelling
20 128 (4.92%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 903 (34.74%) Python
2 688 (26.47%) JavaScript
3 504 (19.39%) SQL
4 498 (19.16%) Java
5 466 (17.93%) TypeScript
6 394 (15.16%) C#
7 173 (6.66%) PowerShell
8 130 (5.00%) Bash
9 83 (3.19%) Scala
10 73 (2.81%) Go
11 66 (2.54%) C++
11 66 (2.54%) T-SQL
12 61 (2.35%) Java 8
13 59 (2.27%) Kotlin
14 51 (1.96%) Java 11
15 45 (1.73%) C
16 44 (1.69%) Ruby
17 39 (1.50%) PL/SQL
18 30 (1.15%) PHP
19 26 (1.00%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 170 (6.54%) Security Cleared
2 141 (5.43%) SC Cleared
3 131 (5.04%) AWS Certification
4 94 (3.62%) Degree
5 41 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
6 38 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
7 26 (1.00%) CISSP
8 11 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.42%) PhD
9 8 (0.31%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
11 5 (0.19%) PMP
12 4 (0.15%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 4 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.15%) CISM
12 4 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.15%) FFIEC
12 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.12%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.12%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (3.54%) GDPR
2 82 (3.16%) QA
3 63 (2.42%) Accessibility
4 62 (2.39%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.54%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.42%) NIST
7 9 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.23%) NIST 800
9 5 (0.19%) SLA
10 4 (0.15%) GLBA
11 3 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.12%) HL7
11 3 (0.12%) NCSC
11 3 (0.12%) WCAG
12 2 (0.077%) DICOM
12 2 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.077%) SOC 2
13 1 (0.038%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.038%) IFRS
13 1 (0.038%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 617 (23.74%) Docker
2 88 (3.39%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.54%) Apache Flume
4 14 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.15%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.077%) HDFS
6 2 (0.077%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.077%) vSphere
7 1 (0.038%) KVM
7 1 (0.038%) NFS
7 1 (0.038%) pfSense
7 1 (0.038%) Terminal Services
7 1 (0.038%) zsh
Systems Management
1 813 (31.28%) Terraform
2 605 (23.28%) Kubernetes
3 151 (5.81%) Ansible
4 52 (2.00%) Grafana
5 40 (1.54%) Puppet
6 35 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
7 28 (1.08%) Packer
8 26 (1.00%) Prometheus
9 23 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
10 17 (0.65%) Kibana
11 16 (0.62%) Consul
12 14 (0.54%) Microsoft Intune
13 8 (0.31%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 7 (0.27%) Pingdom
15 6 (0.23%) logstash
15 6 (0.23%) SCCM
16 5 (0.19%) Automic
16 5 (0.19%) Istio
17 4 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
17 4 (0.15%) Rancher
Vendors
1 242 (9.31%) Microsoft
2 146 (5.62%) Databricks
3 91 (3.50%) Oracle
4 60 (2.31%) Google
5 59 (2.27%) MuleSoft
6 34 (1.31%) Red Hat
7 33 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
8 31 (1.19%) SAP
9 27 (1.04%) Atlassian
10 25 (0.96%) Cloudera
11 22 (0.85%) Pega
12 20 (0.77%) VMware
13 19 (0.73%) BiZZdesign
13 19 (0.73%) Informatica
14 18 (0.69%) IBM
15 16 (0.62%) Splunk
16 14 (0.54%) Charles River
16 14 (0.54%) Confluent
17 12 (0.46%) ServiceNow
18 11 (0.42%) Elastic Path