Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 192 311 653
Rank change year-on-year +119 +342 +194
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,380 823 178
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 0.81% 0.19%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.52% 4.14% 1.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 945 639 144
UK median daily rate £538 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.88% +2.50% +8.11%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £375
90th Percentile £675 £638 £611
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +17.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 0
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £57.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.09% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £50.00 -
% change year-on-year -15.00% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,987 19,866 12,109
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.11% 19.64% 13.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,194 13,566 8,432
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.98%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £655 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 272 152
UK median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.75% +11.11% -16.28%
10th Percentile £12.10 £11.30 £10.51
90th Percentile £62.25 £49.88 £51.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.25 £17.00
% change year-on-year +1.45% +1.47% +1.49%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +104 1,331 £550 +7.32% 120
London +100 850 £550 +4.76% 63
UK excluding London +130 514 £500 +5.26% 69
South East +43 192 £500 +5.26% 15
North of England +92 134 £463 +2.78% 12
North West +57 85 £475 -5.00% 8
Midlands +48 70 £481 -12.50% 13
West Midlands +41 61 £500 -2.44% 11
South West -34 52 £513 +5.13% 8
Yorkshire +32 41 £460 +2.22% 2
East of England +45 32 £475 -13.64% 11
Scotland +27 16 £469 +29.31% 6
Wales +14 15 £525 +41.89% 5
East Midlands +15 8 £419 -23.86% 2
North East +1 8 £413 -19.51% 2
Northern Ireland - 3 - - 1

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 971 (70.36%) Amazon AWS
2 798 (57.83%) AWS Lambda
3 623 (45.14%) Agile Software Development
4 529 (38.33%) DevOps
5 471 (34.13%) Microsoft Azure
6 428 (31.01%) Docker
7 399 (28.91%) Python
8 371 (26.88%) Java
9 367 (26.59%) JavaScript
10 365 (26.45%) Amazon S3
11 350 (25.36%) Amazon EC2
12 333 (24.13%) Kubernetes
13 326 (23.62%) Terraform
14 311 (22.54%) Microservices
15 307 (22.25%) Finance
16 306 (22.17%) Jenkins
17 304 (22.03%) Node.js
18 273 (19.78%) Web Services
19 268 (19.42%) Azure Functions
20 245 (17.75%) Amazon RDS
20 245 (17.75%) SQL
21 240 (17.39%) C#
22 230 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
23 222 (16.09%) TDD
24 221 (16.01%) Linux
25 213 (15.43%) .NET
26 211 (15.29%) Software Engineering
27 208 (15.07%) Git (software)
28 203 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
29 196 (14.20%) Ansible

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (8.77%) Elasticsearch
2 81 (5.87%) Apache Spark
2 81 (5.87%) Confluence
3 51 (3.70%) Apache
4 16 (1.16%) Apache Solr
5 15 (1.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 15 (1.09%) nginx
6 14 (1.01%) CMS
7 13 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
8 12 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
8 12 (0.87%) SAS
8 12 (0.87%) SharePoint
9 10 (0.72%) IIS
9 10 (0.72%) Luigi
10 7 (0.51%) Jupyter
11 5 (0.36%) Gunicorn
12 3 (0.22%) Anypoint
12 3 (0.22%) IBM Domino
12 3 (0.22%) Mule
12 3 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 5 (0.36%) InfoPath
2 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.22%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.072%) InVision
4 1 (0.072%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.072%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 41 (2.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.14%) Fredhopper
3 1 (0.072%) Magento
3 1 (0.072%) Oracle Retail
3 1 (0.072%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 971 (70.36%) Amazon AWS
2 798 (57.83%) AWS Lambda
3 471 (34.13%) Microsoft Azure
4 365 (26.45%) Amazon S3
5 350 (25.36%) Amazon EC2
6 268 (19.42%) Azure Functions
7 230 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 172 (12.46%) Amazon SQS
9 132 (9.57%) Amazon Kinesis
10 131 (9.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 117 (8.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 117 (8.48%) PaaS
12 105 (7.61%) OpenShift
13 96 (6.96%) Google Cloud Platform
14 78 (5.65%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 72 (5.22%) CloudFront
16 71 (5.14%) GitHub
17 68 (4.93%) SaaS
18 60 (4.35%) Amazon EMR
19 57 (4.13%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 40 (2.90%) DNS
1 40 (2.90%) VPN
2 34 (2.46%) HTTP
3 31 (2.25%) Firewall
4 25 (1.81%) TCP/IP
5 13 (0.94%) FTP
5 13 (0.94%) SSL
6 9 (0.65%) DHCP
6 9 (0.65%) IPsec
7 8 (0.58%) AMQP
8 7 (0.51%) DMZ
9 6 (0.43%) ICMP
10 5 (0.36%) MQTT
11 3 (0.22%) DSL
11 3 (0.22%) Internet
11 3 (0.22%) Network Security
11 3 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.22%) tcpdump
12 2 (0.14%) Cisco ASA
12 2 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (17.75%) Amazon RDS
2 185 (13.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 147 (10.65%) SQL Server
4 126 (9.13%) Amazon Redshift
5 119 (8.62%) Big Data
6 109 (7.90%) Data Lake
7 104 (7.54%) Cosmos DB
8 101 (7.32%) NoSQL
9 91 (6.59%) MongoDB
10 84 (6.09%) Hadoop
11 80 (5.80%) MySQL
12 77 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
13 70 (5.07%) Azure SQL Database
14 63 (4.57%) Redis
15 61 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
16 51 (3.70%) Amazon Athena
17 40 (2.90%) Relational Database
18 35 (2.54%) Apache Hive
19 34 (2.46%) Power BI
20 32 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 306 (22.17%) Jenkins
2 208 (15.07%) Git (software)
3 112 (8.12%) JIRA
4 98 (7.10%) Visual Studio Team System
5 96 (6.96%) Artifactory
6 72 (5.22%) GitLab
7 63 (4.57%) Selenium
8 45 (3.26%) Maven
9 43 (3.12%) RStudio
10 41 (2.97%) Visual Studio
11 37 (2.68%) TeamCity
12 34 (2.46%) Octopus Deploy
13 31 (2.25%) Mocha
14 29 (2.10%) webpack
15 25 (1.81%) Cucumber
15 25 (1.81%) SpecFlow
16 23 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 23 (1.67%) Babel
16 23 (1.67%) Bitbucket
17 22 (1.59%) CircleCI
General
1 307 (22.25%) Finance
2 88 (6.38%) Banking
3 72 (5.22%) Retail
4 62 (4.49%) Front Office
5 22 (1.59%) Marketing
6 21 (1.52%) Law
7 14 (1.01%) Back Office
8 11 (0.80%) Advertising
8 11 (0.80%) Telecoms
9 10 (0.72%) Games
10 8 (0.58%) Automotive
10 8 (0.58%) Legal
11 7 (0.51%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.43%) Electronics
12 6 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.36%) Publishing
14 4 (0.29%) Investment Banking
15 3 (0.22%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.14%) Local Government
16 2 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 585 (42.39%) Developer
2 256 (18.55%) AWS Engineer
3 219 (15.87%) DevOps Engineer
4 163 (11.81%) AWS Developer
5 148 (10.72%) AWS DevOps
6 144 (10.43%) Architect
7 126 (9.13%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 121 (8.77%) Senior Developer
9 101 (7.32%) Java Developer
10 95 (6.88%) JavaScript Developer
11 74 (5.36%) Azure Developer
11 74 (5.36%) Cloud Engineer
11 74 (5.36%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 73 (5.29%) Data Engineer
13 72 (5.22%) .NET Developer
14 71 (5.14%) Python Developer
15 70 (5.07%) React Developer
16 64 (4.64%) Full Stack Developer
17 61 (4.42%) Software Engineer
18 56 (4.06%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (22.03%) Node.js
2 273 (19.78%) Web Services
3 213 (15.43%) .NET
4 181 (13.12%) React
5 175 (12.68%) AngularJS
6 129 (9.35%) HTML
7 127 (9.20%) CSS
8 116 (8.41%) RESTful
9 112 (8.12%) REST
10 89 (6.45%) .NET Core
10 89 (6.45%) J2EE
11 88 (6.38%) Kafka
12 76 (5.51%) JSON
13 68 (4.93%) Express
14 63 (4.57%) ASP.NET Web API
15 62 (4.49%) Spring
16 53 (3.84%) Vue.js
17 49 (3.55%) Sass
18 47 (3.41%) SOAP
19 46 (3.33%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 106 (7.68%) Greenfield Project
2 79 (5.72%) User Experience
3 69 (5.00%) Fintech
4 61 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (3.33%) Cloud Native
6 43 (3.12%) Fixed Income
7 29 (2.10%) Hybrid Cloud
8 26 (1.88%) Public Cloud
9 23 (1.67%) Mobile App
10 17 (1.23%) Data Centre
10 17 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (1.01%) Enterprise Cloud
11 14 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
12 13 (0.94%) PKI
13 12 (0.87%) Algorithms
14 11 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (0.80%) Mobile Banking
15 6 (0.43%) Analytical Mindset
15 6 (0.43%) Management Information System
16 5 (0.36%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 221 (16.01%) Linux
2 67 (4.86%) Windows
3 44 (3.19%) Unix
4 40 (2.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (1.30%) Ubuntu
6 14 (1.01%) Android
7 11 (0.80%) CentOS
8 10 (0.72%) Debian
8 10 (0.72%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.51%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.43%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.22%) Fedora
12 2 (0.14%) VMS
12 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.072%) Mesosphere
13 1 (0.072%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 623 (45.14%) Agile Software Development
2 529 (38.33%) DevOps
3 311 (22.54%) Microservices
4 222 (16.09%) TDD
5 211 (15.29%) Software Engineering
6 203 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
7 159 (11.52%) Scrum
8 147 (10.65%) Test Automation
9 122 (8.84%) Analytics
9 122 (8.84%) BDD
10 117 (8.48%) Migration
11 111 (8.04%) Open Source
12 95 (6.88%) Asset Management
13 91 (6.59%) Unit Testing
14 88 (6.38%) E-Commerce
15 87 (6.30%) Continuous Delivery
16 81 (5.87%) Problem-Solving
17 77 (5.58%) Front End Development
18 67 (4.86%) Configuration Management
19 64 (4.64%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 399 (28.91%) Python
2 371 (26.88%) Java
3 367 (26.59%) JavaScript
4 245 (17.75%) SQL
5 240 (17.39%) C#
6 110 (7.97%) ES6
7 89 (6.45%) PowerShell
8 77 (5.58%) Bash Shell
8 77 (5.58%) Ruby
9 74 (5.36%) TypeScript
10 64 (4.64%) Java 8
11 51 (3.70%) Scala
12 36 (2.61%) Go
13 29 (2.10%) T-SQL
14 26 (1.88%) U-SQL
15 24 (1.74%) Shell Script
16 23 (1.67%) Perl
17 21 (1.52%) C
18 20 (1.45%) C++
18 20 (1.45%) PHP
Qualifications
1 88 (6.38%) AWS Certification
2 36 (2.61%) Security Cleared
3 29 (2.10%) SC Cleared
4 18 (1.30%) Degree
5 12 (0.87%) CISM
5 12 (0.87%) CISSP
5 12 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (0.51%) MCSE
6 7 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
7 6 (0.43%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.36%) ISEB
8 5 (0.36%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.36%) PhD
9 4 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.29%) CREST Certified
10 3 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
11 2 (0.14%) MCITP
12 1 (0.072%) CCNP
12 1 (0.072%) MCAD
12 1 (0.072%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (3.19%) QA
2 10 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (0.51%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.29%) PSD2
6 3 (0.22%) GDPR
6 3 (0.22%) SLA
7 1 (0.072%) COBIT
7 1 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.072%) PMO
System Software
1 428 (31.01%) Docker
2 63 (4.57%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.01%) HDFS
4 11 (0.80%) Squid
5 10 (0.72%) Apache Flume
6 8 (0.58%) Snort
7 7 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.14%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.072%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 333 (24.13%) Kubernetes
2 326 (23.62%) Terraform
3 196 (14.20%) Ansible
4 128 (9.28%) Puppet
5 98 (7.10%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (2.90%) Packer
7 31 (2.25%) Kibana
8 22 (1.59%) Mesos
9 14 (1.01%) logstash
10 13 (0.94%) Grafana
10 13 (0.94%) rkt
11 10 (0.72%) FortiGate
11 10 (0.72%) Graphite
11 10 (0.72%) Salt
11 10 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
12 8 (0.58%) HAProxy
13 7 (0.51%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.43%) CSIRT
15 5 (0.36%) Istio
15 5 (0.36%) Nessus
Vendors
1 158 (11.45%) Microsoft
2 73 (5.29%) Google
3 53 (3.84%) Oracle
4 41 (2.97%) Red Hat
5 33 (2.39%) Splunk
6 31 (2.25%) Atlassian
7 23 (1.67%) Databricks
7 23 (1.67%) MuleSoft
8 17 (1.23%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 17 (1.23%) SAP
9 16 (1.16%) Adobe
10 12 (0.87%) Black Duck
11 10 (0.72%) Tableau
12 9 (0.65%) New Relic
13 8 (0.58%) Dynatrace
13 8 (0.58%) Ping Identity
13 8 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
14 6 (0.43%) IBM
14 6 (0.43%) Sony
14 6 (0.43%) Teradata