Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 138 251 455
Rank change year-on-year +113 +204 +338
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,551 1,133 505
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.09% 0.49%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.42% 4.53% 2.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,089 838 394
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £413 £393
90th Percentile £675 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -3.00% +5.26% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 1 0
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £42.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +70.59% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £72.50 £42.50 -
% change year-on-year +70.59% - -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,166 25,031 17,555
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.41% 24.11% 17.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,401 17,354 12,177
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £281 £300 £275
90th Percentile £660 £644 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 420 332 235
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.10
90th Percentile £78.75 £62.65 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.14% - +2.76%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +106 1,454 £525 - 493
London +71 841 £550 - 256
UK excluding London +170 693 £485 -3.00% 273
North of England +113 224 £475 -5.00% 72
South East +35 181 £494 -1.25% 61
North West +142 165 £475 +5.56% 50
South West +93 112 £500 +11.11% 37
Scotland +79 66 £525 +13.51% 27
Midlands +69 48 £505 +18.82% 31
Yorkshire +3 42 £488 -7.14% 15
East of England +61 41 £513 +0.49% 37
West Midlands +61 32 £513 +13.89% 15
Wales +44 21 £475 -19.15% 7
North East +24 17 £453 -4.74% 7
East Midlands +28 16 £505 +28.25% 16

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,039 (66.99%) AWS
2 886 (57.12%) AWS Lambda
3 617 (39.78%) Agile Software Development
4 605 (39.01%) DevOps
5 544 (35.07%) Python
6 529 (34.11%) Azure
7 474 (30.56%) Java
8 394 (25.40%) Docker
9 392 (25.27%) Microservices
10 386 (24.89%) Amazon S3
11 352 (22.70%) JavaScript
12 321 (20.70%) .NET
13 312 (20.12%) Node.js
14 308 (19.86%) Azure Functions
15 303 (19.54%) C#
16 300 (19.34%) Kubernetes
17 280 (18.05%) SQL
18 278 (17.92%) Amazon EC2
19 274 (17.67%) AWS CloudFormation
20 273 (17.60%) Terraform
21 257 (16.57%) Git (software)
22 241 (15.54%) Software Engineering
23 240 (15.47%) Finance
24 236 (15.22%) Web Services
25 231 (14.89%) Jenkins
26 224 (14.44%) Microsoft
27 219 (14.12%) TDD
28 213 (13.73%) Linux
29 209 (13.48%) Scrum
30 197 (12.70%) React

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (5.42%) Confluence
2 79 (5.09%) Apache Spark
3 70 (4.51%) Elasticsearch
4 45 (2.90%) Apache
5 19 (1.23%) nginx
6 17 (1.10%) SharePoint
7 11 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
7 11 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
8 9 (0.58%) Apache Solr
9 7 (0.45%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.26%) Anypoint
10 4 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
10 4 (0.26%) SAS
10 4 (0.26%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.19%) IIS
11 3 (0.19%) Jupyter
11 3 (0.19%) WordPress
12 2 (0.13%) CMS
12 2 (0.13%) JBoss
12 2 (0.13%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 12 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.064%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 56 (3.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.58%) FINCAD Analytics
3 6 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.064%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.064%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.064%) Sonata
7 1 (0.064%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 1,039 (66.99%) AWS
2 886 (57.12%) AWS Lambda
3 529 (34.11%) Azure
4 386 (24.89%) Amazon S3
5 308 (19.86%) Azure Functions
6 278 (17.92%) Amazon EC2
7 274 (17.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 187 (12.06%) Amazon SQS
9 163 (10.51%) Amazon ECS
10 115 (7.41%) PaaS
11 112 (7.22%) GitHub
12 106 (6.83%) Amazon Kinesis
12 106 (6.83%) Power Platform
13 95 (6.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 89 (5.74%) OpenShift
15 78 (5.03%) CloudFront
15 78 (5.03%) GCP
16 77 (4.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 74 (4.77%) SaaS
18 64 (4.13%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.93%) VPN
2 17 (1.10%) DNS
3 12 (0.77%) HTTP
4 11 (0.71%) Network Security
5 10 (0.64%) Firewall
6 8 (0.52%) Internet
7 6 (0.39%) DHCP
7 6 (0.39%) Skype
7 6 (0.39%) Wireshark
8 4 (0.26%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.19%) AMQP
9 3 (0.19%) DSL
9 3 (0.19%) FTP
9 3 (0.19%) TCP/IP
9 3 (0.19%) WAN
10 2 (0.13%) IPsec
10 2 (0.13%) SNMP
10 2 (0.13%) X.509
11 1 (0.064%) SSH
11 1 (0.064%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (12.06%) Amazon RDS
2 182 (11.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 138 (8.90%) Amazon Redshift
4 123 (7.93%) NoSQL
5 110 (7.09%) Data Lake
6 108 (6.96%) SQL Server
7 106 (6.83%) MySQL
8 100 (6.45%) Power BI
9 95 (6.13%) Azure SQL Database
10 85 (5.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 81 (5.22%) Cosmos DB
12 76 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
13 75 (4.84%) MongoDB
14 66 (4.26%) Big Data
15 60 (3.87%) Amazon Athena
15 60 (3.87%) Data Warehouse
16 57 (3.68%) Redis
17 55 (3.55%) Hadoop
18 48 (3.09%) Relational Database
19 47 (3.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 257 (16.57%) Git (software)
2 231 (14.89%) Jenkins
3 107 (6.90%) JIRA
4 71 (4.58%) Artifactory
5 50 (3.22%) Bitbucket
6 47 (3.03%) Maven
7 43 (2.77%) CircleCI
8 42 (2.71%) TeamCity
9 35 (2.26%) GitLab
10 33 (2.13%) RStudio
11 32 (2.06%) Visual Studio Team System
12 30 (1.93%) Jasmine
13 29 (1.87%) Visual Studio
14 28 (1.81%) Selenium
15 27 (1.74%) Cucumber
16 23 (1.48%) Gradle
16 23 (1.48%) Mocha
17 22 (1.42%) Octopus Deploy
18 21 (1.35%) Team Foundation Server
18 21 (1.35%) Travis CI
General
1 240 (15.47%) Finance
2 93 (6.00%) Public Sector
3 90 (5.80%) Front Office
4 58 (3.74%) Banking
5 39 (2.51%) Retail
6 18 (1.16%) Marketing
7 15 (0.97%) Games
8 14 (0.90%) Telecoms
9 11 (0.71%) Law
10 9 (0.58%) Advertising
11 8 (0.52%) Local Government
11 8 (0.52%) Publishing
12 6 (0.39%) Automotive
12 6 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.32%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.26%) Electronics
14 4 (0.26%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.19%) Music Industry
16 2 (0.13%) Investment Banking
16 2 (0.13%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 754 (48.61%) Developer
2 219 (14.12%) DevOps Engineer
3 214 (13.80%) AWS Engineer
4 183 (11.80%) Architect
5 174 (11.22%) AWS Developer
6 122 (7.87%) Senior Developer
7 107 (6.90%) AWS DevOps
8 98 (6.32%) .NET Developer
9 93 (6.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 93 (6.00%) Python Developer
10 87 (5.61%) Java Developer
11 86 (5.54%) Software Engineer
12 84 (5.42%) Azure Developer
13 82 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
14 79 (5.09%) React Developer
15 78 (5.03%) Data Engineer
16 70 (4.51%) Cloud Engineer
16 70 (4.51%) Lead Developer
17 67 (4.32%) JavaScript Developer
17 67 (4.32%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (20.70%) .NET
2 312 (20.12%) Node.js
3 236 (15.22%) Web Services
4 197 (12.70%) React
5 130 (8.38%) .NET Core
6 118 (7.61%) AngularJS
7 115 (7.41%) REST
8 100 (6.45%) Kafka
9 95 (6.13%) RESTful
10 93 (6.00%) HTML
11 92 (5.93%) CSS
12 77 (4.96%) ASP.NET
13 64 (4.13%) JSON
14 60 (3.87%) Redux
15 57 (3.68%) ASP.NET Web API
16 50 (3.22%) .NET Framework
16 50 (3.22%) Sass
16 50 (3.22%) Spring
17 46 (2.97%) J2EE
18 43 (2.77%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 116 (7.48%) Greenfield Project
2 90 (5.80%) Enterprise Software
3 65 (4.19%) Fixed Income
4 62 (4.00%) Cloud Native
5 46 (2.97%) Public Cloud
6 35 (2.26%) Analytical Skills
7 26 (1.68%) Derivative
8 24 (1.55%) Mobile App
8 24 (1.55%) User Experience
9 22 (1.42%) Algorithms
9 22 (1.42%) Management Information System
10 21 (1.35%) Data Structures
11 20 (1.29%) PKI
12 19 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
13 16 (1.03%) Private Cloud
14 12 (0.77%) Data Centre
14 12 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
15 11 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
15 11 (0.71%) Smart Home
16 10 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 213 (13.73%) Linux
2 101 (6.51%) Windows
3 47 (3.03%) Unix
4 28 (1.81%) Android
4 28 (1.81%) Apple iOS
5 14 (0.90%) VMS
6 11 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.52%) Debian
7 8 (0.52%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.39%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.32%) CoreOS
9 5 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
10 4 (0.26%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.19%) CentOS
12 1 (0.064%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.064%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 617 (39.78%) Agile Software Development
2 605 (39.01%) DevOps
3 392 (25.27%) Microservices
4 241 (15.54%) Software Engineering
5 219 (14.12%) TDD
6 209 (13.48%) Scrum
7 170 (10.96%) Continuous Integration
8 122 (7.87%) Analytics
9 104 (6.71%) BDD
10 101 (6.51%) Computer Science
11 99 (6.38%) Kanban
12 98 (6.32%) Migration
13 97 (6.25%) Test Automation
14 94 (6.06%) Open Source
15 92 (5.93%) ETL
16 89 (5.74%) Asset Management
16 89 (5.74%) Infrastructure as Code
17 87 (5.61%) Business Intelligence
17 87 (5.61%) Continuous Delivery
17 87 (5.61%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 544 (35.07%) Python
2 474 (30.56%) Java
3 352 (22.70%) JavaScript
4 303 (19.54%) C#
5 280 (18.05%) SQL
6 89 (5.74%) Ruby
6 89 (5.74%) TypeScript
7 85 (5.48%) Bash Shell
7 85 (5.48%) PowerShell
8 73 (4.71%) Scala
9 67 (4.32%) PHP
10 65 (4.19%) Go
11 64 (4.13%) R
12 44 (2.84%) C++
12 44 (2.84%) ES6
13 34 (2.19%) Java 8
14 31 (2.00%) T-SQL
15 25 (1.61%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.42%) C
16 22 (1.42%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 117 (7.54%) Security Cleared
2 116 (7.48%) AWS Certification
3 97 (6.25%) SC Cleared
4 74 (4.77%) Degree
5 33 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
5 33 (2.13%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.10%) DBS Check
7 12 (0.77%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.45%) CISM
8 7 (0.45%) CISSP
9 6 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.26%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 4 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.13%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.13%) ISEB
12 2 (0.13%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.064%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (2.45%) QA
2 28 (1.81%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.39%) GDPR
4 6 (0.39%) SLA
5 5 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
5 5 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 5 (0.32%) NCSC
6 4 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.064%) NIST
7 1 (0.064%) RosettaNet
7 1 (0.064%) WCAG
System Software
1 394 (25.40%) Docker
2 59 (3.80%) Active Directory
3 19 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.77%) HDFS
5 7 (0.45%) Varnish
6 6 (0.39%) vSphere
7 4 (0.26%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.13%) BusyBox
8 2 (0.13%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.064%) Firmware
9 1 (0.064%) LXC
9 1 (0.064%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.064%) NFS
9 1 (0.064%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.064%) XenApp
9 1 (0.064%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 300 (19.34%) Kubernetes
2 273 (17.60%) Terraform
3 151 (9.74%) Ansible
4 80 (5.16%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (4.51%) Puppet
6 37 (2.39%) Packer
7 20 (1.29%) Grafana
8 19 (1.23%) Prometheus
9 16 (1.03%) Kibana
10 11 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
10 11 (0.71%) logstash
11 10 (0.64%) Rancher
12 9 (0.58%) Nagios
13 7 (0.45%) MIIS
13 7 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.39%) Consul
14 6 (0.39%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.32%) collectd
15 5 (0.32%) Graphite
15 5 (0.32%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 224 (14.44%) Microsoft
2 79 (5.09%) Google
3 54 (3.48%) Databricks
4 51 (3.29%) Splunk
5 38 (2.45%) Oracle
6 28 (1.81%) Informatica
7 22 (1.42%) Atlassian
8 21 (1.35%) SAP
9 19 (1.23%) IBM
10 15 (0.97%) Xamarin
11 14 (0.90%) IBM Sterling
12 13 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
13 12 (0.77%) Teradata
14 11 (0.71%) Ping Identity
14 11 (0.71%) Red Hat
14 11 (0.71%) Tableau
15 10 (0.64%) MuleSoft
16 9 (0.58%) Bloomberg
17 8 (0.52%) AppDynamics
17 8 (0.52%) New Relic