Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 78 140 232
Rank change year-on-year +62 +92 +186
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,194 1,330 1,211
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.91% 1.84% 1.22%
As % of the Cloud Services category 8.79% 6.19% 4.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,240 996 904
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £381 £406 £413
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £459 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -8.30% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 20 1
Median hourly rate £45.00 £72.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.93% +70.59% -
10th Percentile £40.00 £66.25 £41.25
90th Percentile £68.15 £78.75 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £82.00 £72.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +13.10% +70.59% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,589 21,484 25,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.15% 29.73% 25.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,618 14,969 17,641
Median daily rate £495 £490 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.02% -1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £300
90th Percentile £650 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 261 329 299
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.45 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £71.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.11% +5.71% +2.94%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 978 £525 - 385
London +48 732 £525 -4.55% 200
Work from Home 0 391 £525 - 74
UK excluding London +15 266 £459 -8.30% 212
North of England +5 94 £475 - 59
South East +49 68 £475 -9.52% 35
North West +1 61 £450 -5.26% 41
Scotland +44 44 £488 -2.50% 21
Yorkshire +35 26 £500 +11.11% 11
Midlands +47 25 £425 -15.84% 34
South West +35 23 £450 -10.00% 26
West Midlands +45 18 £375 -34.78% 18
East of England +45 15 £450 -14.29% 24
East Midlands +31 7 £425 -15.84% 16
North East +16 6 £500 +13.31% 7
Wales +20 1 £500 +5.26% 10
Northern Ireland - 1 £500 - 3

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 901 (75.46%) AWS
2 737 (61.73%) AWS Lambda
3 602 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
4 551 (46.15%) Python
5 450 (37.69%) DevOps
6 449 (37.60%) Azure
7 388 (32.50%) Software Engineering
8 356 (29.82%) JavaScript
9 341 (28.56%) Terraform
10 340 (28.48%) Web Services
11 314 (26.30%) Amazon S3
12 307 (25.71%) Finance
12 307 (25.71%) React
13 300 (25.13%) Docker
14 287 (24.04%) Java
15 276 (23.12%) Kubernetes
16 275 (23.03%) SQL
17 259 (21.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 253 (21.19%) Microservices
19 252 (21.11%) Asset Management
20 231 (19.35%) Azure Functions
21 230 (19.26%) Amazon EC2
22 212 (17.76%) Node.js
23 191 (16.00%) .NET
24 190 (15.91%) Jenkins
25 180 (15.08%) TypeScript
26 174 (14.57%) AngularJS
27 171 (14.32%) Front Office
28 166 (13.90%) Test Automation
29 165 (13.82%) Amazon RDS

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (8.38%) Apache
2 34 (2.85%) Apache Spark
2 34 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
3 31 (2.60%) Confluence
4 20 (1.68%) BizTalk Server
5 12 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
6 10 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 8 (0.67%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.59%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.50%) Jupyter
9 6 (0.50%) NServiceBus
10 5 (0.42%) Drupal
10 5 (0.42%) JBoss
11 4 (0.34%) Anypoint
12 3 (0.25%) Tomcat
13 2 (0.17%) CMS
13 2 (0.17%) nginx
13 2 (0.17%) SharePoint 2010
13 2 (0.17%) SharePoint Server
13 2 (0.17%) WebLogic
Applications
1 6 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.42%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.084%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 17 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.17%) Aligne
2 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.084%) Exstream
3 1 (0.084%) Magento
3 1 (0.084%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.084%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.084%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.084%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 901 (75.46%) AWS
2 737 (61.73%) AWS Lambda
3 449 (37.60%) Azure
4 314 (26.30%) Amazon S3
5 231 (19.35%) Azure Functions
6 230 (19.26%) Amazon EC2
7 148 (12.40%) AWS CloudFormation
7 148 (12.40%) GCP
8 146 (12.23%) Amazon SQS
9 133 (11.14%) Amazon ECS
10 102 (8.54%) AWS Step Functions
11 101 (8.46%) Logic Apps
12 87 (7.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 82 (6.87%) Power Platform
14 81 (6.78%) PaaS
15 78 (6.53%) GitHub
16 70 (5.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 56 (4.69%) OpenShift
18 51 (4.27%) Amazon EKS
19 49 (4.10%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.18%) Network Security
2 18 (1.51%) DNS
3 10 (0.84%) CTI
3 10 (0.84%) Softphone
4 8 (0.67%) FTP
5 7 (0.59%) HTTP
6 6 (0.50%) Firewall
6 6 (0.50%) VPN
7 5 (0.42%) Internet
7 5 (0.42%) SSH
8 3 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.17%) DHCP
9 2 (0.17%) SMTP
9 2 (0.17%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.084%) Broadband
10 1 (0.084%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.084%) LAN
10 1 (0.084%) VoIP
10 1 (0.084%) WAN
10 1 (0.084%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (21.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 165 (13.82%) Amazon RDS
3 109 (9.13%) SQL Server
4 102 (8.54%) PostgreSQL
5 96 (8.04%) MySQL
6 88 (7.37%) Azure SQL Database
7 87 (7.29%) Big Data
8 85 (7.12%) Amazon Redshift
9 72 (6.03%) Data Lake
10 65 (5.44%) Data Warehouse
11 53 (4.44%) MongoDB
12 52 (4.36%) NoSQL
13 43 (3.60%) Redis
14 42 (3.52%) Amazon Aurora
15 40 (3.35%) Cosmos DB
16 26 (2.18%) OLTP
17 25 (2.09%) Power BI
18 23 (1.93%) Amazon Athena
18 23 (1.93%) Relational Database
19 22 (1.84%) Apache Ignite
Development Applications
1 190 (15.91%) Jenkins
2 131 (10.97%) Git (software)
3 87 (7.29%) GitLab
4 65 (5.44%) Visual Studio Team System
5 59 (4.94%) Artifactory
6 42 (3.52%) JIRA
7 22 (1.84%) TeamCity
8 19 (1.59%) Selenium
9 18 (1.51%) CircleCI
9 18 (1.51%) Maven
10 17 (1.42%) Postman
10 17 (1.42%) webpack
11 16 (1.34%) Gradle
11 16 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
12 15 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 15 (1.26%) JUnit
13 14 (1.17%) JMeter
14 13 (1.09%) Bitbucket
15 11 (0.92%) kappa
15 11 (0.92%) SonarQube
General
1 307 (25.71%) Finance
2 171 (14.32%) Front Office
3 105 (8.79%) Banking
4 54 (4.52%) Public Sector
5 31 (2.60%) Marketing
6 30 (2.51%) Retail
7 21 (1.76%) Advertising
7 21 (1.76%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.01%) Back Office
9 11 (0.92%) Multimedia
10 10 (0.84%) Law
11 9 (0.75%) Games
12 8 (0.67%) Billing
13 5 (0.42%) German Language
14 4 (0.34%) Retail Finance
15 3 (0.25%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.17%) French Language
16 2 (0.17%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.17%) Publishing
17 1 (0.084%) Legal
Job Titles
1 546 (45.73%) Developer
2 213 (17.84%) Software Engineer
3 211 (17.67%) AWS Engineer
4 175 (14.66%) AWS Developer
5 173 (14.49%) React Developer
6 171 (14.32%) DevOps Engineer
7 156 (13.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 128 (10.72%) Python Developer
9 122 (10.22%) AWS DevOps
10 108 (9.05%) Full Stack Developer
11 104 (8.71%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 101 (8.46%) Python Engineer
13 99 (8.29%) Architect
14 96 (8.04%) JavaScript Developer
15 88 (7.37%) Azure Engineer
16 70 (5.86%) Java Developer
17 69 (5.78%) Python Software Engineer
18 63 (5.28%) Node.js Developer
19 59 (4.94%) Data Engineer
20 52 (4.36%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 340 (28.48%) Web Services
2 307 (25.71%) React
3 212 (17.76%) Node.js
4 191 (16.00%) .NET
5 174 (14.57%) AngularJS
6 92 (7.71%) Kafka
7 85 (7.12%) Vue.js
8 67 (5.61%) React Native
8 67 (5.61%) REST
9 54 (4.52%) CSS
9 54 (4.52%) RESTful
10 53 (4.44%) Swagger
11 47 (3.94%) OAuth
11 47 (3.94%) Spring
12 45 (3.77%) Lambda Expressions
13 42 (3.52%) Redux
14 41 (3.43%) .NET Core
15 40 (3.35%) GraphQL
15 40 (3.35%) gRPC
16 38 (3.18%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 102 (8.54%) Hedge funds
2 92 (7.71%) Fixed Income
3 91 (7.62%) Derivative
4 90 (7.54%) Equities
5 78 (6.53%) Cloud Native
6 75 (6.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 67 (5.61%) Greenfield Project
8 63 (5.28%) Blog
9 43 (3.60%) Analytical Skills
10 36 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
11 25 (2.09%) User Experience
12 18 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (1.42%) Mobile App
14 13 (1.09%) Algorithms
14 13 (1.09%) Data Centre
14 13 (1.09%) Public Cloud
15 10 (0.84%) Hybrid Cloud
15 10 (0.84%) IVR
15 10 (0.84%) Replication
16 8 (0.67%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 122 (10.22%) Linux
2 35 (2.93%) Windows
3 14 (1.17%) Unix
4 12 (1.01%) Ubuntu
5 11 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (0.84%) Android
7 7 (0.59%) Apple iOS
7 7 (0.59%) CentOS
8 5 (0.42%) VMS
8 5 (0.42%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.34%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.084%) Debian
10 1 (0.084%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 602 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
2 450 (37.69%) DevOps
3 388 (32.50%) Software Engineering
4 253 (21.19%) Microservices
5 252 (21.11%) Asset Management
6 166 (13.90%) Test Automation
7 161 (13.48%) Infrastructure as Code
8 155 (12.98%) TDD
9 121 (10.13%) Investment Management
10 120 (10.05%) Open Source
11 94 (7.87%) Scrum
12 68 (5.70%) BDD
12 68 (5.70%) SDLC
13 67 (5.61%) Web Application Development
14 66 (5.53%) Continuous Delivery
15 64 (5.36%) Progressive Web App
16 56 (4.69%) Continuous Integration
17 51 (4.27%) Analytics
17 51 (4.27%) Migration
18 49 (4.10%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 551 (46.15%) Python
2 356 (29.82%) JavaScript
3 287 (24.04%) Java
4 275 (23.03%) SQL
5 180 (15.08%) TypeScript
6 146 (12.23%) C#
7 97 (8.12%) Bash Shell
8 78 (6.53%) Kotlin
8 78 (6.53%) PowerShell
9 54 (4.52%) Scala
10 46 (3.85%) Go
11 40 (3.35%) Java 8
12 34 (2.85%) C++
13 30 (2.51%) T-SQL
14 22 (1.84%) Clojure
15 21 (1.76%) ES6
15 21 (1.76%) PL/SQL
15 21 (1.76%) Ruby
16 19 (1.59%) PHP
17 16 (1.34%) R
Qualifications
1 94 (7.87%) Security Cleared
2 91 (7.62%) SC Cleared
3 34 (2.85%) AWS Certification
4 26 (2.18%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.01%) Sun Certification
6 10 (0.84%) Degree
7 4 (0.34%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.25%) CESG Certified Professional
8 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.17%) CEH
9 2 (0.17%) CISSP
9 2 (0.17%) GPEN
9 2 (0.17%) OSCP
10 1 (0.084%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.084%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
10 1 (0.084%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (1.51%) QA
2 10 (0.84%) GDPR
3 8 (0.67%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.42%) SLA
7 4 (0.34%) NIST
8 2 (0.17%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.17%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.17%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.084%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.084%) NCSC
System Software
1 300 (25.13%) Docker
2 19 (1.59%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.34%) HDFS
5 4 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.25%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.084%) iptables
7 1 (0.084%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 341 (28.56%) Terraform
2 276 (23.12%) Kubernetes
3 147 (12.31%) Ansible
4 51 (4.27%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (2.68%) Puppet
6 20 (1.68%) Grafana
7 16 (1.34%) Kibana
8 10 (0.84%) Packer
9 8 (0.67%) Consul
10 4 (0.34%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 4 (0.34%) Foglight
11 3 (0.25%) Demisto
11 3 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
11 3 (0.25%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.17%) Graphite
12 2 (0.17%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.17%) Istio
12 2 (0.17%) Nagios
Vendors
1 104 (8.71%) Microsoft
2 79 (6.62%) Oracle
3 64 (5.36%) Google
4 56 (4.69%) Databricks
5 27 (2.26%) MuleSoft
6 17 (1.42%) Atlassian
7 13 (1.09%) Splunk
8 12 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
9 10 (0.84%) Informatica
9 10 (0.84%) SAP
10 9 (0.75%) CheckPoint
10 9 (0.75%) New Relic
11 8 (0.67%) BiZZdesign
11 8 (0.67%) Dynatrace
12 6 (0.50%) IBM
12 6 (0.50%) VMware
13 4 (0.34%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.34%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 4 (0.34%) Talend
14 3 (0.25%) Cloudera