Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 66 104 147
Rank change year-on-year +38 +43 +126
Contract jobs citing Serverless 2,737 717 1,668
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.42% 2.41% 1.89%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.61% 7.62% 6.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,032 583 1,131
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
25th Percentile £450 £431 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £625 £645 £600
90th Percentile £710 £750 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £463 £488
% change year-on-year +2.70% -5.13% -2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 1 6
10th Percentile £33.80 " £40.75
25th Percentile £35.00 £81.00 £71.25
Median hourly rate £47.00 £82.00 £72.50
Median % change year-on-year -42.68% +13.10% +3.57%
75th Percentile £67.50 £83.00 £73.75
90th Percentile £92.50 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 £82.00 £72.50
% change year-on-year -42.68% +13.10% -

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 28,476 9,409 25,584
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.62% 31.65% 28.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,481 6,593 17,743
10th Percentile £329 £313 £300
25th Percentile £425 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £615 £600 £581
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 443 132 369
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.84 £13.00
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.25 £15.81
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.92 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +0.63% +2.04% +17.14%
75th Percentile £49.13 £38.13 £37.50
90th Percentile £65.54 £53.75 £64.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +14.29%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 2,134 £550 - 659
London +11 1,404 £550 - 337
Work from Home +20 892 £533 +6.60% 126
UK excluding London +61 681 £475 +2.70% 349
North of England +24 211 £500 +11.11% 100
Scotland +2 139 £455 -4.21% 13
South East -8 135 £538 +10.26% 62
North West +13 130 £500 +14.68% 61
South West +12 68 £498 +20.73% 40
Yorkshire -2 60 £450 - 22
Midlands -32 54 £475 +11.76% 78
East of England -20 40 £450 -10.00% 35
West Midlands -35 37 £475 +11.76% 56
Wales +5 34 £523 -0.48% 19
North East +4 21 £525 -6.50% 17
East Midlands -19 17 £450 -5.26% 22
Northern Ireland - 1 £300 - 1

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,931 (70.55%) AWS
2 1,563 (57.11%) AWS Lambda
3 1,173 (42.86%) Agile Software Development
4 998 (36.46%) DevOps
5 985 (35.99%) Azure
6 954 (34.86%) Python
7 824 (30.11%) JavaScript
8 738 (26.96%) React
9 724 (26.45%) Terraform
10 702 (25.65%) Amazon S3
11 689 (25.17%) Node.js
12 681 (24.88%) Software Engineering
13 638 (23.31%) Docker
14 599 (21.89%) Full Stack Development
15 581 (21.23%) SQL
16 580 (21.19%) Azure Functions
17 577 (21.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 573 (20.94%) Microservices
19 572 (20.90%) Kubernetes
20 570 (20.83%) TypeScript
21 562 (20.53%) Finance
22 558 (20.39%) Java
23 430 (15.71%) AWS CloudFormation
24 416 (15.20%) .NET
25 398 (14.54%) Amazon SQS
26 397 (14.50%) Infrastructure as Code
27 388 (14.18%) Web Services
28 346 (12.64%) Social Skills
29 344 (12.57%) C#
30 324 (11.84%) Amazon RDS

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (4.71%) Apache Spark
2 104 (3.80%) Apache
3 101 (3.69%) Apache Airflow
4 92 (3.36%) Elasticsearch
5 74 (2.70%) Confluence
5 74 (2.70%) SharePoint
6 53 (1.94%) BizTalk Server
7 24 (0.88%) Luigi
8 21 (0.77%) OpenStack
9 17 (0.62%) nginx
10 15 (0.55%) CMS
11 14 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 12 (0.44%) Jupyter
13 11 (0.40%) Apache Pig
13 11 (0.40%) Tomcat
14 10 (0.37%) SAS
15 7 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
16 6 (0.22%) Headless CMS
16 6 (0.22%) IIS
17 5 (0.18%) WebLogic
Applications
1 6 (0.22%) Chatbot
1 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.037%) Figma
3 1 (0.037%) InfoPath
3 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.55%) Payment Gateway
3 11 (0.40%) Shopify
4 10 (0.37%) Magento
5 8 (0.29%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 5 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.073%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.037%) Aligne
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.037%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,931 (70.55%) AWS
2 1,563 (57.11%) AWS Lambda
3 985 (35.99%) Azure
4 702 (25.65%) Amazon S3
5 580 (21.19%) Azure Functions
6 430 (15.71%) AWS CloudFormation
7 398 (14.54%) Amazon SQS
8 306 (11.18%) Amazon EC2
9 302 (11.03%) PaaS
10 285 (10.41%) AWS Step Functions
11 233 (8.51%) GCP
12 211 (7.71%) GitHub
13 190 (6.94%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 189 (6.91%) IaaS
15 188 (6.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 165 (6.03%) Azure Logic Apps
17 164 (5.99%) Amazon ECS
18 160 (5.85%) Azure Data Factory
19 139 (5.08%) Azure Storage
20 138 (5.04%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 44 (1.61%) HTTP
2 34 (1.24%) DNS
3 32 (1.17%) Firewall
4 28 (1.02%) Internet
5 22 (0.80%) SSL
6 17 (0.62%) VPN
7 10 (0.37%) AMQP
8 9 (0.33%) DHCP
8 9 (0.33%) Kerberos
9 7 (0.26%) 5G
9 7 (0.26%) LAN
9 7 (0.26%) VoIP
9 7 (0.26%) WAN
10 6 (0.22%) Cisco ASA
10 6 (0.22%) IPsec
10 6 (0.22%) MQTT
10 6 (0.22%) Network Security
10 6 (0.22%) tcpdump
11 5 (0.18%) Broadband
11 5 (0.18%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 577 (21.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 324 (11.84%) Amazon RDS
3 225 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
4 206 (7.53%) NoSQL
5 184 (6.72%) Big Data
6 174 (6.36%) MongoDB
7 170 (6.21%) Azure SQL Database
8 161 (5.88%) Data Lake
9 144 (5.26%) Data Warehouse
10 114 (4.17%) SQL Server
11 104 (3.80%) Amazon Athena
12 96 (3.51%) Amazon Redshift
13 89 (3.25%) Relational Database
14 88 (3.22%) Amazon Aurora
15 86 (3.14%) MySQL
16 75 (2.74%) Power BI
17 64 (2.34%) Hadoop
18 53 (1.94%) Redis
19 48 (1.75%) Metadata
20 37 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 308 (11.25%) Git (software)
2 293 (10.71%) Jenkins
3 180 (6.58%) JIRA
4 108 (3.95%) GitLab
5 72 (2.63%) Maven
6 71 (2.59%) Cypress.io
7 68 (2.48%) Bitbucket
8 51 (1.86%) JUnit
9 49 (1.79%) Mocha
9 49 (1.79%) webpack
10 47 (1.72%) Cucumber
11 39 (1.42%) CircleCI
12 36 (1.32%) Selenium
13 30 (1.10%) Postman
14 28 (1.02%) Visual Studio
15 27 (0.99%) Artifactory
16 26 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 26 (0.95%) JMeter
17 25 (0.91%) SonarQube
18 24 (0.88%) Gradle
General
1 562 (20.53%) Finance
2 346 (12.64%) Social Skills
3 253 (9.24%) Front Office
4 141 (5.15%) Public Sector
5 81 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
6 68 (2.48%) Presentation Skills
7 65 (2.37%) Banking
8 63 (2.30%) Retail
9 52 (1.90%) Legal
10 37 (1.35%) Financial Institution
11 31 (1.13%) Marketing
12 25 (0.91%) Influencing Skills
13 24 (0.88%) Telecoms
14 23 (0.84%) Back Office
15 22 (0.80%) Law
16 19 (0.69%) Manufacturing
17 17 (0.62%) Games
18 16 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
19 10 (0.37%) Publishing
20 9 (0.33%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,158 (42.31%) Developer
2 424 (15.49%) AWS Engineer
3 391 (14.29%) Architect
4 357 (13.04%) Software Engineer
5 264 (9.65%) AWS Developer
6 235 (8.59%) React Developer
7 214 (7.82%) DevOps Engineer
8 204 (7.45%) Full Stack Developer
9 190 (6.94%) Data Engineer
10 148 (5.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 145 (5.30%) Node.js Developer
12 143 (5.22%) Python Engineer
13 142 (5.19%) Azure Engineer
14 139 (5.08%) JavaScript Developer
15 137 (5.01%) Solutions Architect
16 134 (4.90%) Python Developer
17 133 (4.86%) Java Developer
18 132 (4.82%) Azure Developer
19 129 (4.71%) AWS Architect
19 129 (4.71%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 738 (26.96%) React
2 689 (25.17%) Node.js
3 416 (15.20%) .NET
4 388 (14.18%) Web Services
5 256 (9.35%) REST
6 224 (8.18%) Material-UI
7 186 (6.80%) AngularJS
8 178 (6.50%) Kafka
9 162 (5.92%) RESTful
10 161 (5.88%) CSS
11 159 (5.81%) GraphQL
12 158 (5.77%) .NET Core
13 146 (5.33%) Spring
14 139 (5.08%) HTML
15 104 (3.80%) Spring Boot
16 99 (3.62%) Jest
17 97 (3.54%) JSON
18 90 (3.29%) OAuth
19 83 (3.03%) Vue.js
20 76 (2.78%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 197 (7.20%) Cloud Native
2 96 (3.51%) Legacy Systems
2 96 (3.51%) User Experience
3 92 (3.36%) Greenfield Project
4 81 (2.96%) Data Protection Act
5 60 (2.19%) Public Cloud
6 53 (1.94%) Derivative
7 51 (1.86%) Equities
8 49 (1.79%) Fixed Income
9 47 (1.72%) Data Structures
9 47 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 42 (1.53%) Data Centre
11 38 (1.39%) Hedge funds
12 35 (1.28%) Hybrid Cloud
13 33 (1.21%) Algorithms
14 29 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
15 28 (1.02%) Virtual Team
16 27 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
17 25 (0.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 25 (0.91%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 179 (6.54%) Linux
2 135 (4.93%) Windows
3 32 (1.17%) Unix
4 23 (0.84%) Android
4 23 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (0.84%) Windows Server
5 17 (0.62%) Ubuntu
6 15 (0.55%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.37%) CentOS
8 5 (0.18%) Debian
9 4 (0.15%) Alpine Linux
10 2 (0.073%) VMS
10 2 (0.073%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.037%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.037%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.037%) Solaris
11 1 (0.037%) SUSE
11 1 (0.037%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.037%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,173 (42.86%) Agile Software Development
2 998 (36.46%) DevOps
3 681 (24.88%) Software Engineering
4 599 (21.89%) Full Stack Development
5 573 (20.94%) Microservices
6 397 (14.50%) Infrastructure as Code
7 319 (11.66%) TDD
8 285 (10.41%) Asset Management
9 283 (10.34%) Test Automation
10 272 (9.94%) Analytics
11 239 (8.73%) Scrum
12 197 (7.20%) Investment Management
13 179 (6.54%) Unit Testing
14 167 (6.10%) Continuous Integration
15 158 (5.77%) SDLC
16 149 (5.44%) Data Engineering
17 142 (5.19%) Continuous Delivery
17 142 (5.19%) Migration
18 137 (5.01%) Data Modelling
19 135 (4.93%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 954 (34.86%) Python
2 824 (30.11%) JavaScript
3 581 (21.23%) SQL
4 570 (20.83%) TypeScript
5 558 (20.39%) Java
6 344 (12.57%) C#
7 111 (4.06%) Bash Shell
8 105 (3.84%) PowerShell
9 100 (3.65%) Scala
10 89 (3.25%) Go
11 77 (2.81%) T-SQL
12 69 (2.52%) Kotlin
13 66 (2.41%) C++
13 66 (2.41%) Java 8
14 49 (1.79%) Java 11
15 48 (1.75%) PL/SQL
16 43 (1.57%) Ruby
17 41 (1.50%) PHP
18 37 (1.35%) ES6
19 36 (1.32%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 132 (4.82%) Security Cleared
2 118 (4.31%) AWS Certification
3 104 (3.80%) SC Cleared
4 98 (3.58%) Degree
5 40 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
7 28 (1.02%) DV Cleared
8 25 (0.91%) CISSP
9 18 (0.66%) PhD
10 12 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
11 11 (0.40%) ISEB
12 10 (0.37%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
14 6 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 5 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
15 5 (0.18%) OCP
15 5 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
16 4 (0.15%) CRISC
16 4 (0.15%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (3.40%) Accessibility
1 93 (3.40%) QA
2 48 (1.75%) Data Quality
3 40 (1.46%) GDPR
4 14 (0.51%) GRC
5 12 (0.44%) NIST
5 12 (0.44%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.22%) SLA
8 3 (0.11%) COBIT
8 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.11%) HIPAA
8 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.11%) SOC 2
8 3 (0.11%) WCAG
9 2 (0.073%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.037%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.037%) HL7
10 1 (0.037%) PMO
10 1 (0.037%) PSD2
System Software
1 638 (23.31%) Docker
2 86 (3.14%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.22%) RACF
5 4 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.11%) Varnish
7 2 (0.073%) Postfix
7 2 (0.073%) Squid
7 2 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.037%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.037%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.037%) KVM
8 1 (0.037%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.037%) zsh
Systems Management
1 724 (26.45%) Terraform
2 572 (20.90%) Kubernetes
3 139 (5.08%) Ansible
4 72 (2.63%) Grafana
5 37 (1.35%) Puppet
6 31 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
7 23 (0.84%) Microsoft Intune
8 21 (0.77%) Kibana
8 21 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
9 12 (0.44%) Packer
10 11 (0.40%) Prometheus
11 10 (0.37%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 7 (0.26%) Istio
13 6 (0.22%) FortiGate
14 5 (0.18%) SCCM
14 5 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 4 (0.15%) Mesos
16 3 (0.11%) Nagios
16 3 (0.11%) vRealize
17 2 (0.073%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 234 (8.55%) Microsoft
2 199 (7.27%) Databricks
3 125 (4.57%) Oracle
4 56 (2.05%) Google
5 53 (1.94%) MuleSoft
6 42 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
7 37 (1.35%) Atlassian
8 36 (1.32%) SAP
9 23 (0.84%) BiZZdesign
10 19 (0.69%) Cloudera
10 19 (0.69%) Red Hat
10 19 (0.69%) Splunk
11 18 (0.66%) Alibaba
11 18 (0.66%) IBM
12 17 (0.62%) Adobe
13 16 (0.58%) CA
13 16 (0.58%) New Relic
14 11 (0.40%) VMware
14 11 (0.40%) WorldPay
15 10 (0.37%) Cisco