Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 92 69 130
Rank change year-on-year -23 +61 +34
Contract jobs citing Serverless 2,349 2,162 809
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.68% 3.38% 1.95%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.47% 9.42% 6.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,671 1,651 654
10th Percentile £431 £405 £413
25th Percentile £489 £453 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £623 £638
90th Percentile £775 £700 £731
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £525
% change year-on-year +10.53% -9.52% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 10 1
10th Percentile £60.95 £22.60 -
25th Percentile £65.00 £28.63 -
Median hourly rate £75.00 £41.25 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +81.82% -8.33% -10.00%
75th Percentile £77.50 £45.00 -
90th Percentile £79.60 £47.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £75.00 £25.07 £45.00
% change year-on-year +199.22% -44.30% -37.93%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,445 22,957 12,818
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.90% 35.88% 30.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,854 16,353 9,019
10th Percentile £340 £325 £306
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £594
90th Percentile £745 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £463
% change year-on-year +8.11% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 365 369 190
10th Percentile £13.45 £12.09 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.50 £16.31
Median hourly rate £21.50 £21.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year - +7.50% -2.44%
75th Percentile £53.75 £42.25 £32.88
90th Percentile £70.80 £64.60 £55.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.95 £20.00 £19.69
% change year-on-year -5.25% +1.57% +9.39%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -25 1,829 £575 +9.52% 469
Work from Home -12 1,429 £563 +7.14% 268
London -23 1,228 £600 +9.09% 279
UK excluding London -9 599 £525 +10.53% 219
Scotland +3 155 £525 +15.38% 22
North of England -22 151 £550 +14.29% 72
South East -16 121 £525 +5.00% 33
North West -15 116 £550 +10.00% 37
Midlands -10 65 £475 - 28
South West -21 57 £575 +21.05% 26
West Midlands -17 47 £475 -2.06% 19
Yorkshire -32 33 £538 +26.47% 26
East of England -20 31 £488 +2.63% 27
Wales -3 21 £544 +2.59% 8
East Midlands -3 18 £488 +14.71% 9
North East -18 3 £540 -6.09% 9

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,673 (71.22%) AWS
2 1,334 (56.79%) AWS Lambda
3 1,084 (46.15%) DevOps
4 973 (41.42%) Agile
5 945 (40.23%) CI/CD
6 894 (38.06%) Python
7 791 (33.67%) Azure
8 699 (29.76%) Microservices
9 698 (29.71%) Terraform
10 587 (24.99%) JavaScript
11 565 (24.05%) Java
11 565 (24.05%) Kubernetes
12 561 (23.88%) Amazon S3
13 528 (22.48%) Docker
14 485 (20.65%) Infrastructure as Code
15 465 (19.80%) Software Engineering
16 460 (19.58%) React
17 435 (18.52%) Azure Functions
18 430 (18.31%) SQL
19 425 (18.09%) Node.js
20 406 (17.28%) AWS CloudFormation
21 399 (16.99%) TypeScript
22 392 (16.69%) Finance
23 358 (15.24%) Jenkins
24 355 (15.11%) Test Automation
25 343 (14.60%) .NET
26 338 (14.39%) Amazon EC2
27 333 (14.18%) Git (software)
28 326 (13.88%) Full Stack Development
29 324 (13.79%) Amazon DynamoDB

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (4.90%) Apache Spark
2 114 (4.85%) Elasticsearch
3 78 (3.32%) Apache
3 78 (3.32%) Confluence
4 40 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
5 30 (1.28%) nginx
6 26 (1.11%) BizTalk Server
7 23 (0.98%) GeoServer
8 21 (0.89%) IIS
9 19 (0.81%) Apache Solr
10 18 (0.77%) CMS
11 16 (0.68%) OpenStack
12 15 (0.64%) SharePoint
13 13 (0.55%) Headless CMS
14 11 (0.47%) Camunda
15 10 (0.43%) Ethereum
15 10 (0.43%) Jupyter
16 9 (0.38%) Apache Pig
17 8 (0.34%) Documentum
17 8 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 6 (0.26%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.085%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 15 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.30%) Shopify
3 6 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.21%) NetSuite
4 5 (0.21%) Primavera
5 4 (0.17%) Magento
5 4 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.13%) Carpe Diem
6 3 (0.13%) Elite 3E
7 2 (0.085%) Cloudability
7 2 (0.085%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.043%) SAP IBP
8 1 (0.043%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,673 (71.22%) AWS
2 1,334 (56.79%) AWS Lambda
3 791 (33.67%) Azure
4 561 (23.88%) Amazon S3
5 435 (18.52%) Azure Functions
6 406 (17.28%) AWS CloudFormation
7 338 (14.39%) Amazon EC2
8 251 (10.69%) GitHub
9 233 (9.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 210 (8.94%) Amazon ECS
11 208 (8.85%) PaaS
12 206 (8.77%) Amazon SQS
13 187 (7.96%) GCP
14 169 (7.19%) Azure Logic Apps
15 168 (7.15%) OpenShift
16 145 (6.17%) Azure Service Bus
17 144 (6.13%) IaaS
18 133 (5.66%) SaaS
19 131 (5.58%) Power Platform
20 123 (5.24%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 46 (1.96%) Firewall
2 44 (1.87%) DNS
3 29 (1.23%) HTTP
4 18 (0.77%) VPN
5 15 (0.64%) HTTPS
6 11 (0.47%) Network Security
7 10 (0.43%) Internet
8 7 (0.30%) TCP/IP
8 7 (0.30%) tcpdump
9 4 (0.17%) DHCP
9 4 (0.17%) FTP
9 4 (0.17%) SSH
10 3 (0.13%) IPsec
10 3 (0.13%) SSL
11 2 (0.085%) BGP
11 2 (0.085%) Cisco IPT
11 2 (0.085%) Intranet
11 2 (0.085%) WAN
11 2 (0.085%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.043%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 324 (13.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 245 (10.43%) NoSQL
3 228 (9.71%) Amazon RDS
3 228 (9.71%) PostgreSQL
4 141 (6.00%) MongoDB
5 137 (5.83%) Big Data
5 137 (5.83%) Data Lake
6 129 (5.49%) SQL Server
7 125 (5.32%) Data Warehouse
8 122 (5.19%) Amazon Aurora
9 116 (4.94%) Relational Database
10 113 (4.81%) Amazon Redshift
11 99 (4.21%) Power BI
12 97 (4.13%) Azure SQL Database
13 93 (3.96%) MySQL
14 66 (2.81%) Amazon Athena
15 53 (2.26%) RDBMS
16 43 (1.83%) Apache Cassandra
17 42 (1.79%) Redis
18 33 (1.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 358 (15.24%) Jenkins
2 333 (14.18%) Git (software)
3 168 (7.15%) JIRA
4 165 (7.02%) GitLab
5 80 (3.41%) Artifactory
6 54 (2.30%) Cypress.io
7 53 (2.26%) Bitbucket
8 41 (1.75%) Maven
9 36 (1.53%) JUnit
10 35 (1.49%) Cucumber
11 34 (1.45%) CircleCI
12 32 (1.36%) kappa
12 32 (1.36%) SonarQube
13 29 (1.23%) Selenium
14 28 (1.19%) git-flow
15 27 (1.15%) Gradle
16 23 (0.98%) SpecFlow
17 22 (0.94%) Mockito
18 21 (0.89%) Postman
19 20 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 392 (16.69%) Finance
2 296 (12.60%) Social Skills
3 184 (7.83%) Public Sector
4 124 (5.28%) Analytical Skills
5 81 (3.45%) Banking
6 56 (2.38%) Legal
7 55 (2.34%) Influencing Skills
8 48 (2.04%) Front Office
8 48 (2.04%) Retail
9 35 (1.49%) Financial Institution
10 24 (1.02%) Investment Banking
11 21 (0.89%) Law
12 20 (0.85%) Documentation Skills
12 20 (0.85%) Presentation Skills
13 13 (0.55%) Telecoms
14 10 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.43%) Publishing
15 9 (0.38%) General Ledger
15 9 (0.38%) Marketing
16 6 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 751 (31.97%) Developer
2 461 (19.63%) AWS Engineer
3 347 (14.77%) DevOps Engineer
4 315 (13.41%) Architect
5 225 (9.58%) AWS DevOps
6 219 (9.32%) Software Engineer
7 199 (8.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 166 (7.07%) AWS Developer
9 149 (6.34%) Data Engineer
10 122 (5.19%) Java Developer
11 119 (5.07%) Cloud Engineer
11 119 (5.07%) Solutions Architect
12 118 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
13 112 (4.77%) .NET Developer
14 108 (4.60%) AWS Software Engineer
15 102 (4.34%) Python Developer
16 101 (4.30%) Azure Engineer
17 89 (3.79%) Senior Developer
18 86 (3.66%) AWS Architect
19 70 (2.98%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 460 (19.58%) React
2 425 (18.09%) Node.js
3 343 (14.60%) .NET
4 239 (10.17%) Kafka
5 213 (9.07%) REST
6 155 (6.60%) Spring
7 132 (5.62%) CSS
7 132 (5.62%) HTML
8 127 (5.41%) Spring Boot
9 121 (5.15%) GraphQL
10 113 (4.81%) AngularJS
11 105 (4.47%) RESTful
12 103 (4.38%) JSON
13 85 (3.62%) OAuth
14 83 (3.53%) .NET Core
15 81 (3.45%) PySpark
16 77 (3.28%) .NET Framework
17 74 (3.15%) Elastic Stack
18 69 (2.94%) YAML
19 66 (2.81%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 190 (8.09%) Cloud Native
2 140 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
3 101 (4.30%) Legacy Systems
4 90 (3.83%) User Experience
5 83 (3.53%) Data Protection Act
6 76 (3.24%) Public Cloud
7 68 (2.89%) Hedge funds
8 56 (2.38%) iPad
9 51 (2.17%) Linux Command Line
10 50 (2.13%) Data Structures
11 47 (2.00%) Algorithms
12 41 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
13 40 (1.70%) Hybrid Cloud
13 40 (1.70%) Virtual Team
14 36 (1.53%) Mobile App
15 28 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
16 25 (1.06%) Management Information System
17 24 (1.02%) NHS
18 21 (0.89%) Data Centre
19 17 (0.72%) IoT
Operating Systems
1 299 (12.73%) Linux
2 121 (5.15%) Windows
3 44 (1.87%) Unix
4 27 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (1.06%) Ubuntu
6 17 (0.72%) Apple iOS
7 14 (0.60%) Android
8 9 (0.38%) Debian
9 8 (0.34%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.30%) CentOS
10 7 (0.30%) VMS
11 2 (0.085%) Alpine Linux
11 2 (0.085%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.085%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.043%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.043%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.043%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.043%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.043%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,084 (46.15%) DevOps
2 973 (41.42%) Agile
3 945 (40.23%) CI/CD
4 699 (29.76%) Microservices
5 485 (20.65%) Infrastructure as Code
6 465 (19.80%) Software Engineering
7 355 (15.11%) Test Automation
8 326 (13.88%) Full Stack Development
9 256 (10.90%) Scrum
10 254 (10.81%) TDD
11 226 (9.62%) Analytics
12 199 (8.47%) Continuous Integration
13 171 (7.28%) Migration
14 169 (7.19%) Continuous Delivery
15 167 (7.11%) Event-Driven
16 156 (6.64%) ETL
17 150 (6.39%) SDLC
18 148 (6.30%) Mentoring
19 145 (6.17%) Kanban
19 145 (6.17%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 894 (38.06%) Python
2 587 (24.99%) JavaScript
3 565 (24.05%) Java
4 430 (18.31%) SQL
5 399 (16.99%) TypeScript
6 317 (13.50%) C#
7 168 (7.15%) Bash
8 161 (6.85%) PowerShell
9 96 (4.09%) Go
10 81 (3.45%) Scala
11 80 (3.41%) Ruby
12 55 (2.34%) T-SQL
13 44 (1.87%) C++
14 40 (1.70%) PHP
15 34 (1.45%) Groovy
16 32 (1.36%) Shell Script
17 31 (1.32%) ES6
18 27 (1.15%) C
19 25 (1.06%) VBScript
20 22 (0.94%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 251 (10.69%) Security Cleared
2 220 (9.37%) SC Cleared
3 125 (5.32%) AWS Certification
4 84 (3.58%) Degree
5 35 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
6 34 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
7 19 (0.81%) DV Cleared
7 19 (0.81%) PMP
8 18 (0.77%) FFIEC
9 15 (0.64%) TOGAF Certification
10 9 (0.38%) PMI Certification
11 8 (0.34%) CISSP
11 8 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.26%) OCP
12 6 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
13 3 (0.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 3 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.13%) Master's Degree
14 2 (0.085%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (3.87%) Accessibility
2 76 (3.24%) QA
3 52 (2.21%) Data Quality
4 41 (1.75%) GDPR
5 23 (0.98%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.89%) NIST
7 18 (0.77%) GLBA
8 9 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.21%) PMO
9 5 (0.21%) WCAG
10 3 (0.13%) MiFID
11 2 (0.085%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.085%) NIST 800
11 2 (0.085%) SLA
12 1 (0.043%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.043%) NCSC
System Software
1 528 (22.48%) Docker
2 55 (2.34%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.13%) Squid
6 2 (0.085%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.085%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.085%) NFS
6 2 (0.085%) Snort
6 2 (0.085%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.043%) HDFS
7 1 (0.043%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.043%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.043%) pfSense
7 1 (0.043%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.043%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.043%) vSphere
7 1 (0.043%) zsh
Systems Management
1 698 (29.71%) Terraform
2 565 (24.05%) Kubernetes
3 190 (8.09%) Ansible
4 103 (4.38%) Grafana
5 63 (2.68%) Kibana
6 54 (2.30%) Puppet
7 37 (1.58%) Packer
8 32 (1.36%) Prometheus
9 28 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
10 15 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.43%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 8 (0.34%) HP Fortify
13 7 (0.30%) logstash
14 6 (0.26%) Opsgenie
15 5 (0.21%) Consul
15 5 (0.21%) HAProxy
15 5 (0.21%) Istio
15 5 (0.21%) Nagios
15 5 (0.21%) Rancher
16 4 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 230 (9.79%) Microsoft
2 116 (4.94%) Databricks
3 108 (4.60%) Oracle
4 62 (2.64%) Google
5 54 (2.30%) SAP
6 35 (1.49%) ServiceNow
7 29 (1.23%) BiZZdesign
8 27 (1.15%) IBM
9 26 (1.11%) MuleSoft
10 24 (1.02%) Splunk
11 23 (0.98%) Red Hat
11 23 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
12 20 (0.85%) Atlassian
13 19 (0.81%) VMware
14 18 (0.77%) AppDynamics
15 17 (0.72%) New Relic
16 16 (0.68%) Dynatrace
17 15 (0.64%) Cloudera
18 14 (0.60%) Adobe
18 14 (0.60%) ESRI