Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Serverless skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Serverless over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Serverless Computing
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 139 200
Rank change year-on-year +70 +61 +120
Contract jobs citing Serverless 1,724 1,076 1,380
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.22% 1.87% 1.44%
As % of the Cloud Services category 9.23% 6.18% 5.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,338 820 950
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
25th Percentile £438 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £535 £538
Median % change year-on-year -1.87% -0.47% +4.88%
75th Percentile £618 £625 £613
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -9.52% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 10 3
10th Percentile £22.75 £64.13 £16.45
25th Percentile £29.75 £66.25 £25.75
Median hourly rate £40.00 £72.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -44.83% +70.59% -26.09%
75th Percentile £45.00 £78.75 £46.88
90th Percentile " " £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.07 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -44.30% +5.88% -15.00%

Serverless is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,670 17,405 26,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.86% 30.31% 27.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,479 12,200 18,299
10th Percentile £313 £285 £313
25th Percentile £408 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £455
% change year-on-year - -1.10% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 280 261
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.73 £11.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.25 £13.02
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -3.37%
75th Percentile £45.00 £39.31 £26.05
90th Percentile £61.23 £57.55 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.31 £17.00
% change year-on-year +0.97% +13.60% +3.03%

Serverless
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Serverless as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Daily rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Serverless.

Hourly rate trend for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Serverless over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Serverless in the UK

Serverless
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Serverless within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +49 1,326 £525 -4.55% 561
London +45 974 £525 -4.55% 268
Work from Home -10 608 £525 - 111
UK excluding London +33 401 £475 -9.52% 327
Scotland +55 106 £455 -3.70% 15
North of England +19 96 £475 -9.52% 89
South East +24 92 £475 -5.00% 85
North West +15 67 £500 -4.76% 54
South West +1 43 £450 -21.74% 33
Midlands +43 32 £438 -12.50% 54
Yorkshire +20 25 £444 -15.48% 27
West Midlands +29 24 £475 -5.00% 43
East of England +14 24 £475 -9.52% 31
Wales +17 12 £515 +11.35% 19
East Midlands +21 8 £425 -10.99% 11
North East +12 4 £500 -42.86% 8
Northern Ireland - 1 £500 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Serverless also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Serverless.

1 1,229 (71.29%) AWS
2 1,008 (58.47%) AWS Lambda
3 895 (51.91%) Agile Software Development
4 638 (37.01%) Python
5 615 (35.67%) JavaScript
6 572 (33.18%) Azure
7 565 (32.77%) DevOps
8 540 (31.32%) Software Engineering
9 507 (29.41%) Terraform
10 475 (27.55%) Amazon S3
11 430 (24.94%) Docker
12 412 (23.90%) React
13 411 (23.84%) Node.js
14 384 (22.27%) Kubernetes
15 375 (21.75%) Finance
16 374 (21.69%) Microservices
16 374 (21.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 374 (21.69%) TypeScript
17 358 (20.77%) Web Services
18 344 (19.95%) Java
19 326 (18.91%) Azure Functions
20 320 (18.56%) SQL
21 310 (17.98%) .NET
22 266 (15.43%) Amazon SQS
23 251 (14.56%) Asset Management
24 250 (14.50%) Amazon RDS
25 246 (14.27%) TDD
26 222 (12.88%) C#
27 210 (12.18%) AWS CloudFormation
28 203 (11.77%) Infrastructure as Code

Serverless
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.28%) Apache
2 69 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
3 56 (3.25%) Apache Spark
4 49 (2.84%) Confluence
5 41 (2.38%) BizTalk Server
6 38 (2.20%) SharePoint
7 33 (1.91%) Apache Airflow
8 11 (0.64%) OpenStack
8 11 (0.64%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.58%) IBM Domino
10 9 (0.52%) CMS
10 9 (0.52%) Jupyter
10 9 (0.52%) NServiceBus
11 8 (0.46%) Apache ServiceMix
11 8 (0.46%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 7 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
13 6 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 6 (0.35%) Anypoint
14 5 (0.29%) JBoss
Applications
1 9 (0.52%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.12%) Figma
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 38 (2.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
2 9 (0.52%) Shopify
3 8 (0.46%) Magento
4 3 (0.17%) Aligne
4 3 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.058%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 1,229 (71.29%) AWS
2 1,008 (58.47%) AWS Lambda
3 572 (33.18%) Azure
4 475 (27.55%) Amazon S3
5 326 (18.91%) Azure Functions
6 266 (15.43%) Amazon SQS
7 210 (12.18%) AWS CloudFormation
8 199 (11.54%) AWS Step Functions
9 184 (10.67%) Amazon EC2
10 179 (10.38%) GCP
11 138 (8.00%) Azure Logic Apps
12 115 (6.67%) Azure Storage
13 110 (6.38%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 109 (6.32%) PaaS
15 105 (6.09%) GitHub
16 99 (5.74%) OpenShift
17 98 (5.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 96 (5.57%) Amazon ECS
19 88 (5.10%) Power Platform
20 82 (4.76%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.16%) Firewall
1 20 (1.16%) HTTP
1 20 (1.16%) Network Security
2 18 (1.04%) DNS
3 15 (0.87%) VPN
4 12 (0.70%) FTP
5 9 (0.52%) SSH
5 9 (0.52%) Unified Communications
6 8 (0.46%) Internet
6 8 (0.46%) SSL
7 6 (0.35%) CTI
7 6 (0.35%) Softphone
8 5 (0.29%) DSL
9 3 (0.17%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.12%) MQTT
10 2 (0.12%) Skype
10 2 (0.12%) TCP/IP
10 2 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
11 1 (0.058%) AMQP
11 1 (0.058%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 374 (21.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 250 (14.50%) Amazon RDS
3 156 (9.05%) PostgreSQL
4 143 (8.29%) Big Data
5 126 (7.31%) Azure SQL Database
6 125 (7.25%) MongoDB
7 106 (6.15%) Data Lake
7 106 (6.15%) SQL Server
8 99 (5.74%) Data Warehouse
9 92 (5.34%) Amazon Aurora
10 87 (5.05%) NoSQL
11 66 (3.83%) MySQL
12 56 (3.25%) Amazon Redshift
13 46 (2.67%) Redis
14 44 (2.55%) Power BI
15 38 (2.20%) Amazon Athena
16 33 (1.91%) Hadoop
17 22 (1.28%) Relational Database
18 21 (1.22%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
18 21 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 190 (11.02%) Jenkins
2 182 (10.56%) Git (software)
3 104 (6.03%) JIRA
4 71 (4.12%) GitLab
5 49 (2.84%) Visual Studio Team System
6 41 (2.38%) Maven
7 31 (1.80%) webpack
8 30 (1.74%) Selenium
9 29 (1.68%) Gradle
10 28 (1.62%) Postman
11 27 (1.57%) Cypress.io
12 26 (1.51%) JUnit
13 25 (1.45%) Artifactory
14 24 (1.39%) CircleCI
15 23 (1.33%) Cucumber
15 23 (1.33%) kappa
16 22 (1.28%) JMeter
16 22 (1.28%) PowerDesigner
17 21 (1.22%) SonarQube
18 18 (1.04%) Ant
General
1 375 (21.75%) Finance
2 198 (11.48%) Front Office
3 93 (5.39%) Public Sector
4 58 (3.36%) Banking
5 43 (2.49%) Retail
6 30 (1.74%) Marketing
7 23 (1.33%) Advertising
8 11 (0.64%) Games
9 10 (0.58%) Publishing
9 10 (0.58%) Telecoms
10 9 (0.52%) Billing
10 9 (0.52%) Multimedia
11 7 (0.41%) Back Office
12 6 (0.35%) Legal
13 5 (0.29%) Law
14 4 (0.23%) French Language
14 4 (0.23%) Investment Banking
15 3 (0.17%) German Language
16 2 (0.12%) Retail Banking
17 1 (0.058%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 839 (48.67%) Developer
2 276 (16.01%) React Developer
3 274 (15.89%) AWS Developer
4 226 (13.11%) AWS Engineer
5 213 (12.35%) Software Engineer
6 200 (11.60%) DevOps Engineer
7 193 (11.19%) Full Stack Developer
8 159 (9.22%) Architect
9 154 (8.93%) JavaScript Developer
10 131 (7.60%) Node.js Developer
11 121 (7.02%) AWS DevOps
12 108 (6.26%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 108 (6.26%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 104 (6.03%) Python Developer
14 95 (5.51%) Python Engineer
15 90 (5.22%) Data Engineer
16 88 (5.10%) Senior Developer
17 77 (4.47%) .NET Developer
18 75 (4.35%) Azure Developer
18 75 (4.35%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 412 (23.90%) React
2 411 (23.84%) Node.js
3 358 (20.77%) Web Services
4 310 (17.98%) .NET
5 155 (8.99%) AngularJS
6 134 (7.77%) Kafka
7 124 (7.19%) REST
8 119 (6.90%) CSS
9 108 (6.26%) RESTful
10 101 (5.86%) HTML
11 88 (5.10%) React Native
12 85 (4.93%) Spring
13 80 (4.64%) GraphQL
14 74 (4.29%) .NET Core
15 64 (3.71%) Spring Boot
16 62 (3.60%) Lambda Expressions
17 59 (3.42%) Redux
18 54 (3.13%) OAuth
19 51 (2.96%) JSON
20 49 (2.84%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 142 (8.24%) Cloud Native
2 66 (3.83%) User Experience
3 57 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
4 54 (3.13%) Blog
5 50 (2.90%) Analytical Skills
6 38 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
7 35 (2.03%) Public Cloud
8 29 (1.68%) Equities
8 29 (1.68%) Fixed Income
9 27 (1.57%) Derivative
9 27 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 26 (1.51%) Mobile App
11 24 (1.39%) Algorithms
12 17 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
13 16 (0.93%) Data Structures
13 16 (0.93%) Virtual Team
14 15 (0.87%) Replication
15 14 (0.81%) Hedge funds
16 11 (0.64%) Data Centre
17 10 (0.58%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 144 (8.35%) Linux
2 66 (3.83%) Windows
3 30 (1.74%) Ubuntu
4 28 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 23 (1.33%) Android
6 19 (1.10%) CentOS
7 16 (0.93%) Unix
8 14 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.35%) VMS
10 3 (0.17%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
11 2 (0.12%) SUSE
12 1 (0.058%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.058%) Debian
12 1 (0.058%) Solaris
12 1 (0.058%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 895 (51.91%) Agile Software Development
2 565 (32.77%) DevOps
3 540 (31.32%) Software Engineering
4 374 (21.69%) Microservices
5 251 (14.56%) Asset Management
6 246 (14.27%) TDD
7 203 (11.77%) Infrastructure as Code
8 198 (11.48%) Test Automation
9 176 (10.21%) Scrum
10 153 (8.87%) Investment Management
11 134 (7.77%) SDLC
12 117 (6.79%) BDD
13 112 (6.50%) ETL
14 111 (6.44%) Analytics
15 110 (6.38%) Open Source
16 109 (6.32%) Continuous Integration
17 98 (5.68%) Data Engineering
18 93 (5.39%) Web Application Development
19 87 (5.05%) Migration
20 86 (4.99%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 638 (37.01%) Python
2 615 (35.67%) JavaScript
3 374 (21.69%) TypeScript
4 344 (19.95%) Java
5 320 (18.56%) SQL
6 222 (12.88%) C#
7 118 (6.84%) Bash Shell
8 94 (5.45%) Go
9 82 (4.76%) PowerShell
10 63 (3.65%) T-SQL
11 60 (3.48%) C++
11 60 (3.48%) Scala
12 51 (2.96%) Java 8
13 48 (2.78%) PL/SQL
14 37 (2.15%) ES6
15 35 (2.03%) Kotlin
16 32 (1.86%) Ruby
17 25 (1.45%) Shell Script
18 24 (1.39%) PHP
19 20 (1.16%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 143 (8.29%) Security Cleared
2 133 (7.71%) SC Cleared
3 53 (3.07%) AWS Certification
4 41 (2.38%) DV Cleared
5 28 (1.62%) Degree
6 12 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.41%) ISEB
9 6 (0.35%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 5 (0.29%) OCP
10 5 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.29%) PhD
11 4 (0.23%) CISSP
11 4 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.17%) CESG Certified Professional
13 2 (0.12%) CEH
13 2 (0.12%) GPEN
13 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.12%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.32%) QA
2 28 (1.62%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.46%) GDPR
3 8 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.35%) NIST
5 5 (0.29%) SLA
6 2 (0.12%) NIST 800
6 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.058%) Actionable Recommendations
7 1 (0.058%) COBIT
7 1 (0.058%) GRC
7 1 (0.058%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.058%) HL7
7 1 (0.058%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.058%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.058%) NCSC
7 1 (0.058%) WCAG
System Software
1 430 (24.94%) Docker
2 47 (2.73%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.41%) Postfix
5 7 (0.41%) qmail
6 4 (0.23%) HDFS
7 3 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.058%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.058%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.058%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.058%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 507 (29.41%) Terraform
2 384 (22.27%) Kubernetes
3 165 (9.57%) Ansible
4 51 (2.96%) Grafana
5 46 (2.67%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (1.91%) Puppet
7 22 (1.28%) Kibana
8 13 (0.75%) Packer
9 12 (0.70%) Microsoft Intune
10 7 (0.41%) Istio
10 7 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.35%) Prometheus
12 5 (0.29%) Nagios
13 4 (0.23%) Control-M
13 4 (0.23%) Knative
14 3 (0.17%) Consul
14 3 (0.17%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 3 (0.17%) Foglight
14 3 (0.17%) Salt
15 2 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 147 (8.53%) Microsoft
2 105 (6.09%) Oracle
3 88 (5.10%) Databricks
4 67 (3.89%) MuleSoft
5 59 (3.42%) Google
6 27 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
7 25 (1.45%) BiZZdesign
8 21 (1.22%) Informatica
9 18 (1.04%) Atlassian
9 18 (1.04%) IBM
9 18 (1.04%) VMware
10 15 (0.87%) Cloudera
10 15 (0.87%) New Relic
11 13 (0.75%) SAP
12 10 (0.58%) Dynatrace
12 10 (0.58%) Xerox
13 8 (0.46%) CheckPoint
13 8 (0.46%) Hortonworks
13 8 (0.46%) Red Hat
13 8 (0.46%) WorldPay