Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 238 248 321
Rank change year-on-year +10 +73 +57
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 982 338 703
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.15% 1.04% 0.83%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.23% 3.25% 2.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 697 264 462
10th Percentile £425 £405 £425
25th Percentile £475 £450 £496
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +2.33%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £625
90th Percentile £699 £629 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £469 £545
% change year-on-year +6.67% -13.99% +6.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £16.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £16.00

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 30,385 10,406 24,658
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.56% 31.91% 29.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,918 7,305 17,222
10th Percentile £325 £313 £288
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £495
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 471 158 370
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.18 £13.48
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.46 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.51 £21.93 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.48% +6.98% +17.14%
75th Percentile £44.00 £40.56 £39.50
90th Percentile £65.25 £57.50 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -10.00% - +14.29%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 773 £550 +4.27% 299
London +23 479 £575 +4.55% 162
UK excluding London -44 289 £500 +6.67% 157
Work from Home -49 259 £530 +0.95% 78
Scotland -37 75 £450 -5.26% 15
North of England -90 72 £525 +16.67% 63
North West -57 63 £525 +16.67% 44
South West - 37 £551 - 11
Midlands -38 35 £515 +14.44% 23
South East -82 35 £525 -2.33% 18
East of England -16 31 £600 +17.07% 20
West Midlands -44 25 £533 +18.33% 18
East Midlands - 9 £490 - 5
Yorkshire -40 7 £550 +10.00% 13
Wales -24 4 - - 6
North East -8 2 £488 +2.63% 6

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 881 (89.71%) AWS
2 658 (67.01%) DevOps
3 569 (57.94%) Terraform
4 483 (49.19%) Python
5 457 (46.54%) Serverless
6 451 (45.93%) Infrastructure as Code
7 367 (37.37%) Azure
8 365 (37.17%) AWS Lambda
9 348 (35.44%) Agile Software Development
10 329 (33.50%) Docker
11 309 (31.47%) Kubernetes
12 291 (29.63%) Jenkins
13 265 (26.99%) Ansible
14 259 (26.37%) Java
15 220 (22.40%) JavaScript
16 214 (21.79%) Linux
17 212 (21.59%) Amazon S3
18 201 (20.47%) Bash Shell
19 194 (19.76%) Git (software)
20 177 (18.02%) Amazon EC2
21 176 (17.92%) PowerShell
22 154 (15.68%) Microservices
23 151 (15.38%) Finance
24 149 (15.17%) GCP
25 136 (13.85%) Web Services
26 131 (13.34%) Node.js
27 121 (12.32%) Opscode Chef
28 116 (11.81%) React
29 115 (11.71%) Configuration Management
30 113 (11.51%) Puppet

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (4.58%) Confluence
2 40 (4.07%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (2.34%) Apache Spark
4 19 (1.93%) Apache
5 17 (1.73%) nginx
6 16 (1.63%) OpenStack
7 10 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
8 8 (0.81%) CMS
8 8 (0.81%) SAS
8 8 (0.81%) Traefik
9 7 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.51%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.41%) GeoServer
11 4 (0.41%) JBoss
11 4 (0.41%) Luigi
12 3 (0.31%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.31%) Drupal
12 3 (0.31%) IBM Domino
12 3 (0.31%) IIS
13 2 (0.20%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (1.02%) Cloudability
2 6 (0.61%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.20%) Magento
4 1 (0.10%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 881 (89.71%) AWS
2 457 (46.54%) Serverless
3 367 (37.37%) Azure
4 365 (37.17%) AWS Lambda
5 212 (21.59%) Amazon S3
6 177 (18.02%) Amazon EC2
7 149 (15.17%) GCP
8 111 (11.30%) Amazon SQS
9 108 (11.00%) Amazon ECS
10 106 (10.79%) GitHub
10 106 (10.79%) PaaS
11 102 (10.39%) AWS CodePipeline
12 95 (9.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 83 (8.45%) IaaS
14 80 (8.15%) Amazon EKS
15 77 (7.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 59 (6.01%) OpenShift
17 54 (5.50%) AWS CodeDeploy
18 45 (4.58%) AWS Fargate
19 44 (4.48%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 40 (4.07%) Firewall
2 34 (3.46%) HTTP
2 34 (3.46%) Network Security
3 31 (3.16%) DNS
4 25 (2.55%) TCP/IP
5 17 (1.73%) LAN
5 17 (1.73%) WAN
6 15 (1.53%) Internet
6 15 (1.53%) VPN
7 8 (0.81%) IPv4
7 8 (0.81%) SSL
8 6 (0.61%) tcpdump
9 4 (0.41%) BGP
9 4 (0.41%) OSPF
10 3 (0.31%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.20%) Broadband
11 2 (0.20%) DVB
11 2 (0.20%) EIGRP
11 2 (0.20%) IPsec
11 2 (0.20%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 108 (11.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 101 (10.29%) PostgreSQL
3 97 (9.88%) Amazon RDS
4 64 (6.52%) NoSQL
5 59 (6.01%) Amazon Aurora
6 45 (4.58%) Amazon Redshift
7 41 (4.18%) SQL Server
8 33 (3.36%) Amazon Athena
8 33 (3.36%) Data Lake
8 33 (3.36%) MongoDB
9 28 (2.85%) MySQL
10 25 (2.55%) Relational Database
11 23 (2.34%) Big Data
12 15 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
14 12 (1.22%) Hadoop
15 11 (1.12%) RDBMS
15 11 (1.12%) SQL Server 2016
16 10 (1.02%) DataStax
16 10 (1.02%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 291 (29.63%) Jenkins
2 194 (19.76%) Git (software)
3 101 (10.29%) GitLab
4 65 (6.62%) JIRA
4 65 (6.62%) TeamCity
5 51 (5.19%) Maven
6 45 (4.58%) CircleCI
7 39 (3.97%) Gradle
8 24 (2.44%) Bitbucket
9 23 (2.34%) Mocha
10 21 (2.14%) Artifactory
10 21 (2.14%) Cypress.io
11 20 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 19 (1.93%) Cucumber
12 19 (1.93%) JUnit
12 19 (1.93%) Subversion
13 18 (1.83%) Octopus Deploy
14 16 (1.63%) Selenium
14 16 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
15 15 (1.53%) Terragrunt
General
1 151 (15.38%) Finance
2 110 (11.20%) Social Skills
3 92 (9.37%) Public Sector
4 44 (4.48%) Financial Institution
5 43 (4.38%) Legal
6 29 (2.95%) Retail
7 22 (2.24%) Banking
8 20 (2.04%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (2.04%) Law
9 13 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
10 11 (1.12%) Influencing Skills
11 9 (0.92%) Games
12 7 (0.71%) Investment Banking
12 7 (0.71%) Publishing
13 5 (0.51%) Front Office
13 5 (0.51%) Music Industry
14 4 (0.41%) Avionics
15 3 (0.31%) Advertising
15 3 (0.31%) Automotive
15 3 (0.31%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 240 (24.44%) DevOps Engineer
2 230 (23.42%) AWS Engineer
3 204 (20.77%) Developer
4 170 (17.31%) Architect
5 150 (15.27%) Cloud Engineer
6 109 (11.10%) AWS DevOps
7 95 (9.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 88 (8.96%) Cloud Architect
9 77 (7.84%) AWS Architect
10 58 (5.91%) Platform Engineer
11 50 (5.09%) AWS Developer
12 47 (4.79%) Azure Architect
13 43 (4.38%) Azure Engineer
13 43 (4.38%) Node.js Developer
14 40 (4.07%) Solutions Architect
15 37 (3.77%) Software Engineer
16 33 (3.36%) Data Engineer
17 32 (3.26%) Security Architect
18 27 (2.75%) Java Developer
19 26 (2.65%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (13.85%) Web Services
2 131 (13.34%) Node.js
3 116 (11.81%) React
4 85 (8.66%) REST
5 73 (7.43%) CSS
6 72 (7.33%) HTML
7 64 (6.52%) .NET
8 57 (5.80%) Jest
9 49 (4.99%) AngularJS
10 47 (4.79%) Spring
11 40 (4.07%) Kafka
12 34 (3.46%) Spring Boot
13 32 (3.26%) Elastic Stack
14 31 (3.16%) YAML
15 30 (3.05%) JSON
16 28 (2.85%) .NET Core
17 25 (2.55%) ARM Templates
18 24 (2.44%) Lambda Expressions
19 22 (2.24%) ADO
20 19 (1.93%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 93 (9.47%) Cloud Native
2 89 (9.06%) Public Cloud
3 55 (5.60%) Data Centre
4 45 (4.58%) Hedge funds
5 42 (4.28%) User Experience
6 33 (3.36%) Legacy Systems
7 30 (3.05%) Linux Command Line
8 29 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
9 27 (2.75%) Hybrid Cloud
10 16 (1.63%) Enterprise Cloud
11 14 (1.43%) Clustering
12 13 (1.32%) PKI
13 11 (1.12%) Data Protection Act
13 11 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (1.02%) Algorithms
15 8 (0.81%) Data Structures
15 8 (0.81%) Mobile App
15 8 (0.81%) Self-Motivation
16 7 (0.71%) Management Information System
17 5 (0.51%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 214 (21.79%) Linux
2 103 (10.49%) Windows
3 43 (4.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 36 (3.67%) Unix
5 15 (1.53%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.32%) Ubuntu
7 12 (1.22%) CentOS
8 3 (0.31%) AIX
8 3 (0.31%) Android
9 1 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.10%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.10%) Debian
9 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 658 (67.01%) DevOps
2 451 (45.93%) Infrastructure as Code
3 348 (35.44%) Agile Software Development
4 154 (15.68%) Microservices
5 115 (11.71%) Configuration Management
6 111 (11.30%) Software Engineering
7 104 (10.59%) Continuous Integration
8 103 (10.49%) Migration
9 102 (10.39%) Scrum
10 86 (8.76%) Analytics
11 81 (8.25%) Test Automation
12 80 (8.15%) Continuous Delivery
13 76 (7.74%) Open Source
14 68 (6.92%) Task Automation
14 68 (6.92%) TDD
15 64 (6.52%) Unit Testing
16 61 (6.21%) Collaborative Working
17 55 (5.60%) Project Delivery
18 53 (5.40%) Deployment Automation
19 52 (5.30%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 483 (49.19%) Python
2 259 (26.37%) Java
3 220 (22.40%) JavaScript
4 201 (20.47%) Bash Shell
5 176 (17.92%) PowerShell
6 111 (11.30%) TypeScript
7 81 (8.25%) SQL
8 79 (8.04%) C#
9 54 (5.50%) Go
10 48 (4.89%) C++
11 42 (4.28%) C
12 39 (3.97%) Ruby
13 31 (3.16%) Groovy
14 27 (2.75%) PHP
15 23 (2.34%) Scala
16 18 (1.83%) Shell Script
17 17 (1.73%) Java 8
18 15 (1.53%) Java 11
19 13 (1.32%) Perl
20 9 (0.92%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 77 (7.84%) Security Cleared
2 65 (6.62%) SC Cleared
3 54 (5.50%) AWS Certification
4 51 (5.19%) Degree
5 21 (2.14%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (1.53%) CISSP
7 3 (0.31%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.31%) OCP
7 3 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
8 2 (0.20%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.10%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (4.89%) Accessibility
2 44 (4.48%) GDPR
3 13 (1.32%) QA
4 10 (1.02%) SLA
5 8 (0.81%) NCSC
6 4 (0.41%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.20%) PSD2
8 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.10%) GxP
9 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.10%) ISO 9000
9 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.10%) NIST
9 1 (0.10%) SOC 1
9 1 (0.10%) SOC 2
System Software
1 329 (33.50%) Docker
2 37 (3.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (2.75%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.31%) LXC
6 2 (0.20%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.20%) Squid
7 1 (0.10%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.10%) RHEV
7 1 (0.10%) vCloud
7 1 (0.10%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.10%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 569 (57.94%) Terraform
2 309 (31.47%) Kubernetes
3 265 (26.99%) Ansible
4 121 (12.32%) Opscode Chef
5 113 (11.51%) Puppet
6 77 (7.84%) Grafana
7 52 (5.30%) Packer
8 43 (4.38%) Docker Swarm
9 34 (3.46%) Prometheus
10 22 (2.24%) Consul
11 20 (2.04%) Nagios
12 16 (1.63%) Rancher
13 13 (1.32%) Istio
13 13 (1.32%) Kibana
14 12 (1.22%) ZABBIX
15 9 (0.92%) HAProxy
16 8 (0.81%) Graphite
16 8 (0.81%) linkerd
16 8 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.61%) Salt
Vendors
1 66 (6.72%) Microsoft
2 47 (4.79%) VMware
3 38 (3.87%) Google
3 38 (3.87%) Splunk
4 29 (2.95%) Oracle
5 28 (2.85%) Databricks
6 14 (1.43%) Red Hat
7 12 (1.22%) TOWER Software
8 11 (1.12%) PagerDuty
9 9 (0.92%) New Relic
10 8 (0.81%) AppDynamics
10 8 (0.81%) IBM
10 8 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.81%) SolarWinds
11 6 (0.61%) Alibaba
11 6 (0.61%) MuleSoft
12 5 (0.51%) ATG
12 5 (0.51%) Cisco
12 5 (0.51%) Cloudera
13 3 (0.31%) Perforce