Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 277 386 482
Rank change year-on-year +109 +96 +185
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 859 611 394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 0.61% 0.43%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.36% 2.85% 3.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 550 438 327
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £400
90th Percentile £675 £638 £618
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -1.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £75.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -53.33% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,587 21,428 12,941
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.07% 21.27% 14.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,546 14,617 8,921
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £654 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 345 310 184
UK median hourly rate £22.65 £18.95 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.56% -0.29% -3.11%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.00 £10.58
90th Percentile £59.25 £56.25 £60.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.34 £17.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +31.38% -2.86% +7.69%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Contractor daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +79 785 £550 +4.76% 78
London +63 467 £555 +0.91% 51
UK excluding London +142 383 £525 +5.00% 31
South East +37 99 £525 +5.00% 6
North of England +46 88 £500 - 11
East of England +45 53 £575 +4.55% 5
North West +45 49 £550 -6.38% 5
South West -12 49 £525 +5.00% 4
Scotland +48 45 £500 -4.76% 2
Yorkshire +25 29 £475 -5.00% 5
Midlands +16 29 £510 -5.12% 1
East Midlands +45 22 £450 -10.00% 1
Wales +18 20 £463 -2.63% 2
North East +26 10 £525 +5.05% 1
West Midlands -17 7 £650 +20.93%

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 837 (97.44%) Amazon AWS
2 609 (70.90%) DevOps
3 543 (63.21%) Terraform
4 448 (52.15%) Agile Software Development
5 444 (51.69%) Python
6 374 (43.54%) Docker
7 336 (39.12%) Kubernetes
8 320 (37.25%) Ansible
9 318 (37.02%) Linux
10 311 (36.20%) Jenkins
11 295 (34.34%) Serverless
12 272 (31.66%) AWS Lambda
12 272 (31.66%) Amazon S3
13 265 (30.85%) Amazon EC2
14 263 (30.62%) Java
15 232 (27.01%) Amazon RDS
16 217 (25.26%) Finance
17 211 (24.56%) Git (software)
18 197 (22.93%) Bash Shell
19 184 (21.42%) Web Services
20 180 (20.95%) Continuous Integration
21 178 (20.72%) Infrastructure as Code
22 172 (20.02%) Puppet
23 162 (18.86%) Opscode Chef
24 150 (17.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
25 148 (17.23%) Amazon ECS
26 147 (17.11%) Windows
27 145 (16.88%) Amazon SQS
28 144 (16.76%) Software Engineering
29 132 (15.37%) Microservices

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (8.73%) Confluence
2 52 (6.05%) Apache
3 44 (5.12%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (5.12%) nginx
4 28 (3.26%) Apache Spark
5 26 (3.03%) IIS
6 11 (1.28%) Apache Airflow
6 11 (1.28%) Luigi
7 9 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
7 9 (1.05%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.93%) CMS
8 8 (0.93%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.58%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.47%) SAS
11 3 (0.35%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.35%) iPlanet
11 3 (0.35%) JBoss
11 3 (0.35%) Lightstreamer
12 2 (0.23%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.23%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 5 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
1 5 (0.58%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 837 (97.44%) Amazon AWS
2 295 (34.34%) Serverless
3 272 (31.66%) Amazon S3
3 272 (31.66%) AWS Lambda
4 265 (30.85%) Amazon EC2
5 150 (17.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 148 (17.23%) Amazon ECS
7 145 (16.88%) Amazon SQS
8 124 (14.44%) Google Cloud Platform
9 115 (13.39%) Microsoft Azure
10 110 (12.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 99 (11.53%) OpenShift
12 63 (7.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 58 (6.75%) Amazon Kinesis
13 58 (6.75%) PaaS
14 44 (5.12%) Amazon ELB
15 43 (5.01%) Amazon EMR
16 42 (4.89%) IaaS
17 41 (4.77%) GitHub
18 40 (4.66%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 60 (6.98%) VPN
2 30 (3.49%) Firewall
3 24 (2.79%) DNS
4 16 (1.86%) HTTP
5 15 (1.75%) TCP/IP
6 12 (1.40%) MQTT
7 10 (1.16%) DHCP
8 9 (1.05%) IPsec
9 7 (0.81%) FTP
9 7 (0.81%) Internet
10 6 (0.70%) Wireshark
11 4 (0.47%) Network Security
12 3 (0.35%) SSL
12 3 (0.35%) tcpdump
12 3 (0.35%) WAN
13 2 (0.23%) BGP
13 2 (0.23%) Intrusion Detection
13 2 (0.23%) LAN
13 2 (0.23%) OSPF
13 2 (0.23%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (27.01%) Amazon RDS
2 109 (12.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 105 (12.22%) Amazon Redshift
4 65 (7.57%) Big Data
5 48 (5.59%) PostgreSQL
6 46 (5.36%) MySQL
6 46 (5.36%) Relational Database
7 42 (4.89%) SQL Server
8 41 (4.77%) MongoDB
8 41 (4.77%) NoSQL
9 39 (4.54%) Hadoop
10 28 (3.26%) Amazon Athena
11 25 (2.91%) Amazon Aurora
12 24 (2.79%) RDBMS
13 13 (1.51%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.51%) Redis
14 11 (1.28%) Azkaban
15 10 (1.16%) Apache Hive
16 7 (0.81%) Neo4j
17 6 (0.70%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 311 (36.20%) Jenkins
2 211 (24.56%) Git (software)
3 119 (13.85%) JIRA
4 114 (13.27%) Artifactory
5 70 (8.15%) GitLab
6 69 (8.03%) RStudio
7 39 (4.54%) Sonatype Nexus
8 38 (4.42%) Maven
9 24 (2.79%) Bitbucket
10 22 (2.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 22 (2.56%) Vagrant
11 17 (1.98%) SonarQube
11 17 (1.98%) TeamCity
12 15 (1.75%) CircleCI
13 14 (1.63%) Visual Studio Team System
14 13 (1.51%) Selenium
15 12 (1.40%) Subversion
16 11 (1.28%) Gradle
16 11 (1.28%) Travis CI
16 11 (1.28%) Visual Studio
General
1 217 (25.26%) Finance
2 72 (8.38%) Front Office
3 39 (4.54%) Banking
4 21 (2.44%) Retail
5 12 (1.40%) Marketing
6 11 (1.28%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.16%) Financial Institution
7 10 (1.16%) Publishing
8 8 (0.93%) Billing
8 8 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
9 7 (0.81%) Law
9 7 (0.81%) Retail Banking
10 6 (0.70%) Games
11 5 (0.58%) German Language
12 4 (0.47%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.23%) Back Office
13 2 (0.23%) Electronics
13 2 (0.23%) Legal
Job Titles
1 338 (39.35%) DevOps Engineer
2 228 (26.54%) Developer
3 227 (26.43%) AWS Engineer
4 157 (18.28%) AWS DevOps
5 152 (17.69%) AWS Developer
6 135 (15.72%) Cloud Engineer
7 131 (15.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 85 (9.90%) Java Developer
9 74 (8.61%) Architect
10 66 (7.68%) Senior DevOps
11 62 (7.22%) Senior Developer
12 46 (5.36%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 45 (5.24%) Python Developer
14 44 (5.12%) Lead Developer
15 42 (4.89%) Java Software Developer
16 40 (4.66%) AWS Architect
17 38 (4.42%) Senior Software Developer
18 33 (3.84%) Cloud Architect
18 33 (3.84%) Java Engineer
19 32 (3.73%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (21.42%) Web Services
2 74 (8.61%) J2EE
3 73 (8.50%) Kafka
3 73 (8.50%) Node.js
4 53 (6.17%) .NET
5 47 (5.47%) JSON
6 46 (5.36%) REST
7 39 (4.54%) AngularJS
7 39 (4.54%) React
8 32 (3.73%) XML
9 30 (3.49%) Elastic Stack
10 28 (3.26%) J2SE
11 27 (3.14%) SOAP
12 26 (3.03%) Spring
13 25 (2.91%) CSS
14 24 (2.79%) Apache NiFi
14 24 (2.79%) HTML
15 22 (2.56%) JMS
16 21 (2.44%) RESTful
17 18 (2.10%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 69 (8.03%) Fixed Income
2 62 (7.22%) Public Cloud
3 50 (5.82%) Data Centre
4 38 (4.42%) Algorithms
5 35 (4.07%) Cloud Native
6 34 (3.96%) Greenfield Project
7 28 (3.26%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (2.33%) Data Structures
9 19 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
9 19 (2.21%) User Experience
10 16 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
11 14 (1.63%) Mobile App
12 12 (1.40%) PKI
13 10 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
14 9 (1.05%) Hedge funds
15 7 (0.81%) Enterprise Cloud
15 7 (0.81%) Private Cloud
16 4 (0.47%) N-Tier
17 3 (0.35%) Analytical Skills
18 2 (0.23%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 318 (37.02%) Linux
2 147 (17.11%) Windows
3 51 (5.94%) Unix
4 50 (5.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (3.26%) Ubuntu
6 24 (2.79%) CentOS
7 21 (2.44%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.70%) Mesosphere
9 5 (0.58%) Amazon Linux
9 5 (0.58%) Android
10 4 (0.47%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.47%) Kali Linux
10 4 (0.47%) Solaris
11 3 (0.35%) Fedora
11 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.23%) Debian
13 1 (0.12%) AIX
13 1 (0.12%) SUSE
13 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 609 (70.90%) DevOps
2 448 (52.15%) Agile Software Development
3 180 (20.95%) Continuous Integration
4 178 (20.72%) Infrastructure as Code
5 144 (16.76%) Software Engineering
6 132 (15.37%) Microservices
7 125 (14.55%) Continuous Delivery
8 122 (14.20%) Configuration Management
9 120 (13.97%) Migration
10 105 (12.22%) Open Source
11 104 (12.11%) Scrum
12 90 (10.48%) Asset Management
13 79 (9.20%) TDD
14 76 (8.85%) Decision-Making
15 72 (8.38%) Test Automation
16 60 (6.98%) Continuous Deployment
17 51 (5.94%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 50 (5.82%) Kanban
18 50 (5.82%) Workflow
19 47 (5.47%) DevSecOps
Programming Languages
1 444 (51.69%) Python
2 263 (30.62%) Java
3 197 (22.93%) Bash Shell
4 108 (12.57%) PowerShell
5 98 (11.41%) Ruby
6 62 (7.22%) SQL
7 61 (7.10%) JavaScript
8 40 (4.66%) Java 8
9 36 (4.19%) Go
10 30 (3.49%) C#
10 30 (3.49%) Perl
11 26 (3.03%) Scala
12 24 (2.79%) Shell Script
13 17 (1.98%) ES6
14 16 (1.86%) PHP
15 13 (1.51%) TypeScript
16 12 (1.40%) C++
17 7 (0.81%) ES7
17 7 (0.81%) Groovy
18 5 (0.58%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 112 (13.04%) Security Cleared
2 92 (10.71%) SC Cleared
3 73 (8.50%) AWS Certification
4 17 (1.98%) Degree
5 12 (1.40%) CTC Cleared
6 4 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.47%) PhD
6 4 (0.47%) RHCE
7 2 (0.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.23%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.23%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.12%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.12%) CCNP
8 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.12%) CISSP
8 1 (0.12%) GIAC
8 1 (0.12%) MCSE
8 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.12%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.68%) Data Quality
2 16 (1.86%) QA
3 7 (0.81%) GDPR
4 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 374 (43.54%) Docker
2 23 (2.68%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.16%) Apache Flume
4 7 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.58%) LXC
7 4 (0.47%) Postfix
8 3 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.35%) Squid
8 3 (0.35%) vSphere
9 2 (0.23%) etcd
9 2 (0.23%) HDFS
9 2 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.23%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 543 (63.21%) Terraform
2 336 (39.12%) Kubernetes
3 320 (37.25%) Ansible
4 172 (20.02%) Puppet
5 162 (18.86%) Opscode Chef
6 70 (8.15%) Consul
7 69 (8.03%) Packer
8 26 (3.03%) Mesos
9 19 (2.21%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (1.98%) Salt
11 13 (1.51%) Nagios
11 13 (1.51%) Sysdig
12 12 (1.40%) Prometheus
13 11 (1.28%) Grafana
13 11 (1.28%) Kibana
14 10 (1.16%) logstash
15 8 (0.93%) Graphite
16 7 (0.81%) Marathon
17 6 (0.70%) Rancher
17 6 (0.70%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 82 (9.55%) Google
2 48 (5.59%) Microsoft
3 44 (5.12%) Oracle
4 35 (4.07%) Splunk
5 24 (2.79%) Red Hat
6 20 (2.33%) Atlassian
7 15 (1.75%) New Relic
8 13 (1.51%) AppDynamics
9 11 (1.28%) MuleSoft
9 11 (1.28%) Qualys
9 11 (1.28%) VMware
10 8 (0.93%) SAP
11 7 (0.81%) ArcSight
11 7 (0.81%) CheckPoint
11 7 (0.81%) SaltStack
12 6 (0.70%) Barracuda Networks
12 6 (0.70%) CyberArk
12 6 (0.70%) Fortinet
12 6 (0.70%) Symantec
12 6 (0.70%) Trend Micro