Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 278 301 352
Rank change year-on-year +23 +51 +118
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 372 577 725
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 0.80% 0.73%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.74% 2.69% 2.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 378 410 555
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £400 £425 £422
90th Percentile £638 £688 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £468 £545 £525
% change year-on-year -14.22% +3.81% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 2
Median hourly rate £40.00 £16.00 £90.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +150.00% -82.22% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £16.00 -

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,589 21,484 25,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.15% 29.73% 25.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,618 14,969 17,641
Median daily rate £495 £490 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.02% -1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £300
90th Percentile £650 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 261 329 299
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.45 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £71.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.11% +5.71% +2.94%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 279 £500 -9.09% 190
UK excluding London +108 164 £468 -14.22% 127
London -14 150 £530 -7.83% 92
Work from Home -96 116 £525 -4.55% 42
North of England +81 71 £465 -11.43% 50
North West +60 57 £465 -11.43% 28
Scotland +47 37 £475 -9.52% 26
South East +111 24 £528 -10.13% 11
South West +86 9 £469 -21.88% 12
East of England +67 9 £425 -20.93% 10
Yorkshire +34 9 £459 -7.61% 20
Midlands +42 8 £525 +3.96% 13
West Midlands +44 7 £450 -30.77% 10
Wales - 6 £513 - 2
North East +41 5 £475 -19.49% 2
East Midlands +27 1 £525 +20.69% 3

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 363 (97.58%) AWS
2 257 (69.09%) DevOps
3 228 (61.29%) Terraform
4 219 (58.87%) Python
5 169 (45.43%) Jenkins
6 160 (43.01%) Ansible
7 156 (41.94%) Agile Software Development
8 153 (41.13%) Infrastructure as Code
9 148 (39.78%) Serverless
10 142 (38.17%) Kubernetes
11 135 (36.29%) AWS Lambda
12 119 (31.99%) Java
13 111 (29.84%) Microservices
14 110 (29.57%) Docker
14 110 (29.57%) Amazon S3
15 105 (28.23%) Linux
16 103 (27.69%) Amazon EC2
17 83 (22.31%) Bash Shell
18 78 (20.97%) Azure
19 77 (20.70%) Amazon EKS
20 73 (19.62%) Amazon ECS
20 73 (19.62%) Opscode Chef
21 64 (17.20%) Amazon RDS
22 63 (16.94%) Puppet
23 60 (16.13%) Git (software)
23 60 (16.13%) REST
24 58 (15.59%) Node.js
25 57 (15.32%) OpenShift
26 53 (14.25%) Configuration Management
26 53 (14.25%) Finance

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (6.45%) Confluence
2 16 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (2.69%) Tomcat
4 8 (2.15%) Apache Spark
4 8 (2.15%) Jupyter
4 8 (2.15%) nginx
5 7 (1.88%) Apache
6 6 (1.61%) IIS
7 5 (1.34%) JBoss
8 3 (0.81%) CMS
8 3 (0.81%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.54%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.27%) IBM Domino
10 1 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
10 1 (0.27%) WordPress
Business Applications
1 1 (0.27%) Magento
1 1 (0.27%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 363 (97.58%) AWS
2 148 (39.78%) Serverless
3 135 (36.29%) AWS Lambda
4 110 (29.57%) Amazon S3
5 103 (27.69%) Amazon EC2
6 78 (20.97%) Azure
7 77 (20.70%) Amazon EKS
8 73 (19.62%) Amazon ECS
9 57 (15.32%) OpenShift
10 52 (13.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 46 (12.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 39 (10.48%) Amazon SQS
13 34 (9.14%) Route 53
14 33 (8.87%) Amazon Kinesis
14 33 (8.87%) GCP
15 32 (8.60%) AWS CodePipeline
16 31 (8.33%) AWS CloudTrail
17 27 (7.26%) SaaS
18 26 (6.99%) PaaS
19 25 (6.72%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.23%) Firewall
2 8 (2.15%) VPN
3 6 (1.61%) Cisco ASA
4 5 (1.34%) DNS
4 5 (1.34%) TCP/IP
5 4 (1.08%) Network Security
6 3 (0.81%) BIG-IP
6 3 (0.81%) Cisco IOS
6 3 (0.81%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
6 3 (0.81%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 3 (0.81%) H.323
6 3 (0.81%) Intrusion Detection
6 3 (0.81%) MGCP
6 3 (0.81%) NX-OS
6 3 (0.81%) Sourcefire
6 3 (0.81%) SSL
6 3 (0.81%) Unified Communications
6 3 (0.81%) VoIP
6 3 (0.81%) Wireless
7 2 (0.54%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (17.20%) Amazon RDS
2 39 (10.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 34 (9.14%) Relational Database
4 30 (8.06%) MySQL
5 28 (7.53%) Amazon Redshift
5 28 (7.53%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (7.26%) NoSQL
7 24 (6.45%) Amazon Aurora
8 23 (6.18%) SQL Server
9 20 (5.38%) RDBMS
10 16 (4.30%) Amazon Athena
10 16 (4.30%) Redis
11 15 (4.03%) Data Warehouse
12 11 (2.96%) MongoDB
13 10 (2.69%) Data Lake
14 7 (1.88%) Amazon QuickSight
15 6 (1.61%) Tableau
16 5 (1.34%) Looker
16 5 (1.34%) PowerCenter
17 4 (1.08%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 169 (45.43%) Jenkins
2 60 (16.13%) Git (software)
3 41 (11.02%) GitLab
4 32 (8.60%) JIRA
5 24 (6.45%) Artifactory
6 15 (4.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 15 (4.03%) SonarQube
7 12 (3.23%) TeamCity
8 10 (2.69%) CircleCI
8 10 (2.69%) RStudio
8 10 (2.69%) Subversion
9 9 (2.42%) Terragrunt
10 7 (1.88%) Vagrant
11 6 (1.61%) Gradle
11 6 (1.61%) Maven
12 5 (1.34%) Sonatype Nexus
13 4 (1.08%) Bitbucket
14 3 (0.81%) Octopus Deploy
14 3 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
14 3 (0.81%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 53 (14.25%) Finance
2 39 (10.48%) Public Sector
3 22 (5.91%) Banking
4 14 (3.76%) Front Office
5 7 (1.88%) Marketing
5 7 (1.88%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.34%) Law
6 5 (1.34%) Retail
7 3 (0.81%) Advertising
8 1 (0.27%) Billing
8 1 (0.27%) Games
8 1 (0.27%) German Language
8 1 (0.27%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 147 (39.52%) DevOps Engineer
2 121 (32.53%) AWS Engineer
3 82 (22.04%) AWS DevOps
4 70 (18.82%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 57 (15.32%) Developer
6 47 (12.63%) Architect
7 43 (11.56%) Cloud Engineer
8 24 (6.45%) AWS Developer
9 21 (5.65%) Python Engineer
10 20 (5.38%) Cloud Architect
11 18 (4.84%) AWS Architect
12 15 (4.03%) Data Engineer
12 15 (4.03%) Java Developer
12 15 (4.03%) Senior DevOps
13 14 (3.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 14 (3.76%) Technical Leader
14 13 (3.49%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 13 (3.49%) Security Architect
15 12 (3.23%) Consultant
16 10 (2.69%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (16.13%) REST
2 58 (15.59%) Node.js
3 40 (10.75%) Web Services
4 39 (10.48%) SOAP
5 27 (7.26%) Spring
5 27 (7.26%) Spring Boot
6 22 (5.91%) Kafka
7 19 (5.11%) .NET
7 19 (5.11%) HTML
7 19 (5.11%) React
8 17 (4.57%) Lambda Expressions
9 15 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
10 13 (3.49%) Django
10 13 (3.49%) J2EE
11 12 (3.23%) CSS
11 12 (3.23%) Flask
11 12 (3.23%) HTML5
11 12 (3.23%) OAuth
11 12 (3.23%) Redux
12 10 (2.69%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 24 (6.45%) Enterprise Software
2 20 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (5.11%) Cloud Native
4 14 (3.76%) Derivative
4 14 (3.76%) Equities
4 14 (3.76%) Fixed Income
5 13 (3.49%) Public Cloud
6 10 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (2.42%) Data Structures
8 8 (2.15%) Algorithms
8 8 (2.15%) Linux Command Line
8 8 (2.15%) User Experience
9 7 (1.88%) Clustering
10 6 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 6 (1.61%) Hedge funds
11 5 (1.34%) Data Centre
12 4 (1.08%) Hybrid Cloud
12 4 (1.08%) Security Operations Centre
12 4 (1.08%) Virtual Team
13 3 (0.81%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 105 (28.23%) Linux
2 45 (12.10%) Windows
3 25 (6.72%) Unix
4 18 (4.84%) Windows Server
5 16 (4.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (3.76%) Ubuntu
7 9 (2.42%) CentOS
8 4 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.54%) VMS
10 1 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.27%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.27%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 257 (69.09%) DevOps
2 156 (41.94%) Agile Software Development
3 153 (41.13%) Infrastructure as Code
4 111 (29.84%) Microservices
5 53 (14.25%) Configuration Management
5 53 (14.25%) Scrum
6 50 (13.44%) Continuous Integration
7 38 (10.22%) Software Engineering
8 31 (8.33%) Migration
8 31 (8.33%) Test Automation
9 27 (7.26%) Digital Transformation Programme
9 27 (7.26%) Infrastructure Automation
10 25 (6.72%) Auto-Scaling
10 25 (6.72%) Deployment Automation
11 24 (6.45%) Continuous Delivery
12 22 (5.91%) TDD
13 20 (5.38%) ETL
14 19 (5.11%) Decision-Making
14 19 (5.11%) Problem-Solving
15 17 (4.57%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 219 (58.87%) Python
2 119 (31.99%) Java
3 83 (22.31%) Bash Shell
4 52 (13.98%) JavaScript
5 39 (10.48%) PowerShell
6 38 (10.22%) SQL
7 26 (6.99%) TypeScript
8 17 (4.57%) Go
9 14 (3.76%) Ruby
10 13 (3.49%) R
11 12 (3.23%) C#
11 12 (3.23%) Groovy
11 12 (3.23%) Java 8
12 11 (2.96%) C++
13 7 (1.88%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.61%) C
15 5 (1.34%) PHP
16 3 (0.81%) Perl
16 3 (0.81%) Scala
17 2 (0.54%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 34 (9.14%) Security Cleared
2 32 (8.60%) SC Cleared
3 29 (7.80%) AWS Certification
4 6 (1.61%) Cisco Certification
4 6 (1.61%) DV Cleared
5 4 (1.08%) CCNA
5 4 (1.08%) CCNP
5 4 (1.08%) Degree
6 2 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.54%) Network+ Certification
7 1 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.27%) CCIE
7 1 (0.27%) CEH
7 1 (0.27%) CISA
7 1 (0.27%) CISM
7 1 (0.27%) CISSP
7 1 (0.27%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.42%) QA
2 5 (1.34%) Disclosure Scotland
2 5 (1.34%) NIST
3 3 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.27%) HIPAA
4 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 110 (29.57%) Docker
2 15 (4.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (3.76%) Active Directory
4 8 (2.15%) Microsoft App-V
5 6 (1.61%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.34%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (1.34%) VMware NSX
7 4 (1.08%) Varnish
8 3 (0.81%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.81%) vSphere
9 2 (0.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.54%) etcd
9 2 (0.54%) HDFS
9 2 (0.54%) LXC
10 1 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 228 (61.29%) Terraform
2 160 (43.01%) Ansible
3 142 (38.17%) Kubernetes
4 73 (19.62%) Opscode Chef
5 63 (16.94%) Puppet
6 21 (5.65%) Grafana
7 11 (2.96%) Kibana
8 8 (2.15%) Consul
9 7 (1.88%) Packer
9 7 (1.88%) Prometheus
10 6 (1.61%) Nagios
10 6 (1.61%) Salt
11 5 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.81%) Cisco Prime
13 3 (0.81%) Graylog
13 3 (0.81%) ITRS Geneos
13 3 (0.81%) Marathon
13 3 (0.81%) Mesos
13 3 (0.81%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 20 (5.38%) Microsoft
1 20 (5.38%) VMware
2 18 (4.84%) Google
2 18 (4.84%) Splunk
3 15 (4.03%) Oracle
4 11 (2.96%) Atlassian
4 11 (2.96%) F5
5 9 (2.42%) Cisco
6 7 (1.88%) Dynatrace
7 5 (1.34%) Informatica
8 4 (1.08%) AppDynamics
8 4 (1.08%) IBM
8 4 (1.08%) Palo Alto
9 3 (0.81%) ExtraHop
9 3 (0.81%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.81%) SolarWinds
10 2 (0.54%) Databricks
10 2 (0.54%) Dell
10 2 (0.54%) Demandware
10 2 (0.54%) Red Hat