Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 251 286 294
Rank change year-on-year +35 +8 +110
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 660 362 855
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.03% 0.87% 0.94%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.94% 2.87% 3.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 294 550
10th Percentile £413 £425 £425
25th Percentile £463 £500 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £588 £617 £605
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
10th Percentile £40.50 " "
25th Percentile £41.25 " £12.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 - £12.50
75th Percentile £43.75 " £12.75
90th Percentile £44.50 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £12.50

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,483 12,628 25,606
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.14% 30.48% 28.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,102 8,915 17,830
10th Percentile £325 £308 £313
25th Percentile £413 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £599 £580
90th Percentile £676 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £463 £450
% change year-on-year - +2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 360 190 297
10th Percentile £11.74 £12.75 £12.25
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.31 £15.00
Median hourly rate £21.09 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.45% -2.44% +16.94%
75th Percentile £43.75 £32.88 £35.00
90th Percentile £64.55 £55.13 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £19.69 £18.00
% change year-on-year +1.57% +9.39% +7.95%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 455 £533 -3.18% 215
London -29 292 £550 - 95
UK excluding London +67 236 £500 -4.76% 139
Work from Home -100 210 £525 - 39
Scotland +42 96 £470 -6.00% 16
North of England -14 52 £500 -4.76% 57
North West -7 50 £500 -4.76% 29
South East -16 26 £550 +1.29% 12
South West +18 25 £557 +1.27% 13
Midlands -5 16 £525 +23.53% 21
West Midlands -7 14 £525 +16.67% 18
East of England +3 11 £506 -5.81% 15
Wales - 10 £600 - 4
Yorkshire 0 2 £425 -10.53% 18
East Midlands 0 2 £435 +2.35% 3

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 618 (93.64%) AWS
2 376 (56.97%) DevOps
3 323 (48.94%) Terraform
4 309 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
5 282 (42.73%) Infrastructure as Code
6 281 (42.58%) Serverless
7 280 (42.42%) Python
8 263 (39.85%) AWS Lambda
9 214 (32.42%) Jenkins
10 204 (30.91%) Amazon S3
11 200 (30.30%) Ansible
11 200 (30.30%) Docker
12 189 (28.64%) Azure
13 160 (24.24%) Kubernetes
14 159 (24.09%) Java
15 155 (23.48%) Linux
16 150 (22.73%) JavaScript
17 125 (18.94%) Amazon EC2
18 124 (18.79%) Microservices
19 122 (18.48%) Git (software)
20 99 (15.00%) Software Engineering
21 98 (14.85%) PostgreSQL
22 96 (14.55%) TypeScript
23 95 (14.39%) Finance
24 94 (14.24%) Opscode Chef
25 91 (13.79%) PowerShell
25 91 (13.79%) Scrum
26 87 (13.18%) GCP
27 83 (12.58%) Security Cleared
27 83 (12.58%) SQL

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (6.06%) Elasticsearch
2 30 (4.55%) Confluence
3 24 (3.64%) Apache Spark
4 17 (2.58%) Apache
5 13 (1.97%) nginx
6 12 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
7 8 (1.21%) Jupyter
8 7 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 5 (0.76%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.45%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.45%) CMS
10 3 (0.45%) Drupal
10 3 (0.45%) GeoServer
10 3 (0.45%) IIS
10 3 (0.45%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.45%) SAS
11 2 (0.30%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.30%) JBoss
11 2 (0.30%) OpenWhisk
Business Applications
1 8 (1.21%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.15%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 618 (93.64%) AWS
2 281 (42.58%) Serverless
3 263 (39.85%) AWS Lambda
4 204 (30.91%) Amazon S3
5 189 (28.64%) Azure
6 125 (18.94%) Amazon EC2
7 87 (13.18%) GCP
8 76 (11.52%) Amazon ECS
9 72 (10.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 68 (10.30%) OpenShift
11 66 (10.00%) Amazon SQS
11 66 (10.00%) AWS CodePipeline
12 56 (8.48%) GitHub
13 50 (7.58%) Amazon EKS
13 50 (7.58%) PaaS
14 46 (6.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 38 (5.76%) AWS CodeBuild
15 38 (5.76%) CloudFront
16 36 (5.45%) IaaS
17 35 (5.30%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 28 (4.24%) Firewall
2 14 (2.12%) Network Security
3 9 (1.36%) DNS
4 8 (1.21%) HTTP
5 7 (1.06%) WAN
6 6 (0.91%) LAN
7 5 (0.76%) Internet
7 5 (0.76%) IPv4
7 5 (0.76%) TCP/IP
7 5 (0.76%) VPN
8 4 (0.61%) NetScaler
8 4 (0.61%) SSL
8 4 (0.61%) Unified Communications
9 3 (0.45%) SSH
10 2 (0.30%) Skype
11 1 (0.15%) 5G
11 1 (0.15%) Broadband
11 1 (0.15%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.15%) MQTT
11 1 (0.15%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (14.85%) PostgreSQL
2 65 (9.85%) Amazon Aurora
2 65 (9.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 61 (9.24%) Amazon RDS
4 47 (7.12%) MongoDB
5 40 (6.06%) NoSQL
6 32 (4.85%) SQL Server
7 29 (4.39%) Amazon Athena
7 29 (4.39%) Amazon Redshift
8 26 (3.94%) MySQL
9 25 (3.79%) Relational Database
10 18 (2.73%) Big Data
11 17 (2.58%) RDBMS
12 14 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
13 13 (1.97%) Oracle Database
14 12 (1.82%) Data Lake
15 9 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 9 (1.36%) Hadoop
16 7 (1.06%) Apache Zeppelin
17 6 (0.91%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 214 (32.42%) Jenkins
2 122 (18.48%) Git (software)
3 60 (9.09%) GitLab
4 46 (6.97%) JIRA
5 29 (4.39%) Cypress.io
6 25 (3.79%) Maven
7 21 (3.18%) TeamCity
8 20 (3.03%) Artifactory
9 17 (2.58%) Gradle
9 17 (2.58%) Selenium
9 17 (2.58%) SonarQube
9 17 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
10 16 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 14 (2.12%) Cucumber
11 14 (2.12%) Grunt
12 13 (1.97%) JUnit
13 12 (1.82%) Vagrant
13 12 (1.82%) webpack
14 11 (1.67%) Bitbucket
15 10 (1.52%) CircleCI
General
1 95 (14.39%) Finance
2 65 (9.85%) Public Sector
3 60 (9.09%) Social Skills
4 27 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (2.73%) Banking
6 10 (1.52%) Influencing Skills
7 9 (1.36%) Retail
8 6 (0.91%) Law
9 5 (0.76%) Publishing
10 4 (0.61%) Automotive
10 4 (0.61%) Billing
10 4 (0.61%) Music Industry
11 3 (0.45%) Presentation Skills
11 3 (0.45%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.30%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.30%) Games
13 1 (0.15%) Avionics
13 1 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 163 (24.70%) Developer
1 163 (24.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 158 (23.94%) AWS Engineer
3 78 (11.82%) Architect
3 78 (11.82%) AWS DevOps
4 69 (10.45%) Cloud Engineer
5 68 (10.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 55 (8.33%) AWS Developer
7 47 (7.12%) Platform Engineer
8 42 (6.36%) Cloud Architect
9 39 (5.91%) AWS Architect
10 35 (5.30%) Software Engineer
11 28 (4.24%) C# Developer
11 28 (4.24%) Data Engineer
12 24 (3.64%) Consultant
13 21 (3.18%) C# Quant Developer
13 21 (3.18%) Quantitative Developer
14 20 (3.03%) Java Developer
15 19 (2.88%) Senior DevOps
16 18 (2.73%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (12.58%) .NET
2 75 (11.36%) HTML
2 75 (11.36%) Node.js
3 72 (10.91%) CSS
4 68 (10.30%) Web Services
5 49 (7.42%) Spring
6 44 (6.67%) AngularJS
7 43 (6.52%) REST
8 36 (5.45%) React
9 34 (5.15%) .NET Core
10 30 (4.55%) Spring Boot
10 30 (4.55%) YAML
11 26 (3.94%) Elastic Stack
11 26 (3.94%) Kafka
12 24 (3.64%) JSON
13 23 (3.48%) HTML5
14 20 (3.03%) Jest
15 19 (2.88%) OAuth
16 17 (2.58%) Lambda Expressions
17 13 (1.97%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 59 (8.94%) Public Cloud
2 43 (6.52%) Cloud Native
3 41 (6.21%) Enterprise Software
4 33 (5.00%) User Experience
5 28 (4.24%) Data Structures
6 25 (3.79%) Algorithms
7 21 (3.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 21 (3.18%) Hedge funds
8 18 (2.73%) Linux Command Line
9 13 (1.97%) Data Centre
10 11 (1.67%) Clustering
11 7 (1.06%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.76%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 5 (0.76%) Management Information System
13 4 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
14 3 (0.45%) Greenfield Project
15 2 (0.30%) Enterprise Cloud
15 2 (0.30%) Mobile App
15 2 (0.30%) Private Cloud
15 2 (0.30%) TM Forum
Operating Systems
1 155 (23.48%) Linux
2 68 (10.30%) Windows
3 38 (5.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 20 (3.03%) Ubuntu
5 16 (2.42%) Unix
6 13 (1.97%) Windows Server
7 12 (1.82%) CentOS
8 3 (0.45%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.15%) Android
9 1 (0.15%) Solaris
9 1 (0.15%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 376 (56.97%) DevOps
2 309 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
3 282 (42.73%) Infrastructure as Code
4 124 (18.79%) Microservices
5 99 (15.00%) Software Engineering
6 91 (13.79%) Scrum
7 82 (12.42%) Configuration Management
8 80 (12.12%) Continuous Integration
9 66 (10.00%) Migration
10 63 (9.55%) Test Automation
11 55 (8.33%) TDD
12 48 (7.27%) Open Source
13 47 (7.12%) Analytics
14 44 (6.67%) Continuous Delivery
15 42 (6.36%) Kanban
16 40 (6.06%) Unit Testing
17 36 (5.45%) Mentoring
18 35 (5.30%) Problem-Solving
19 34 (5.15%) OO
20 32 (4.85%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 280 (42.42%) Python
2 159 (24.09%) Java
3 150 (22.73%) JavaScript
4 96 (14.55%) TypeScript
5 91 (13.79%) PowerShell
6 83 (12.58%) SQL
7 80 (12.12%) Bash Shell
8 60 (9.09%) C#
9 37 (5.61%) C++
10 28 (4.24%) Go
11 25 (3.79%) Groovy
11 25 (3.79%) Shell Script
12 20 (3.03%) PHP
13 17 (2.58%) Ruby
14 16 (2.42%) C
14 16 (2.42%) Scala
15 10 (1.52%) R
16 7 (1.06%) Java 8
16 7 (1.06%) Perl
17 6 (0.91%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 83 (12.58%) Security Cleared
2 63 (9.55%) SC Cleared
3 56 (8.48%) AWS Certification
4 17 (2.58%) Degree
5 7 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.76%) CISSP
7 5 (0.76%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.76%) OCP
7 5 (0.76%) Oracle Certification
8 2 (0.30%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.15%) CEH
9 1 (0.15%) CISM
9 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.15%) PhD
9 1 (0.15%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (7.88%) Accessibility
2 11 (1.67%) QA
3 5 (0.76%) GDPR
3 5 (0.76%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.61%) SLA
5 3 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.30%) PSD2
6 2 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.15%) GxP
7 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 200 (30.30%) Docker
2 24 (3.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (3.03%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (1.06%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.76%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.45%) HDFS
8 2 (0.30%) Squid
8 2 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 323 (48.94%) Terraform
2 200 (30.30%) Ansible
3 160 (24.24%) Kubernetes
4 94 (14.24%) Opscode Chef
5 82 (12.42%) Puppet
6 67 (10.15%) Grafana
7 38 (5.76%) Packer
8 23 (3.48%) Nagios
9 22 (3.33%) Prometheus
10 20 (3.03%) Kibana
11 14 (2.12%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (1.21%) Single Sign-On
13 6 (0.91%) SCCM
14 4 (0.61%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 3 (0.45%) CASB
15 3 (0.45%) Consul
15 3 (0.45%) Rancher
15 3 (0.45%) Salt
15 3 (0.45%) ZABBIX
16 2 (0.30%) logstash
Vendors
1 47 (7.12%) Microsoft
2 41 (6.21%) Oracle
3 32 (4.85%) VMware
4 25 (3.79%) Google
5 14 (2.12%) Databricks
5 14 (2.12%) New Relic
6 12 (1.82%) SolarWinds
7 11 (1.67%) Informatica
8 10 (1.52%) Splunk
9 8 (1.21%) IBM
9 8 (1.21%) MuleSoft
10 7 (1.06%) Red Hat
11 6 (0.91%) Alibaba
12 5 (0.76%) Citrix
12 5 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
13 4 (0.61%) SAP
14 3 (0.45%) Atlassian
14 3 (0.45%) Okta
14 3 (0.45%) Teradata
14 3 (0.45%) Vertica