Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 302 363 485
Rank change year-on-year +61 +122 +106
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 702 714 451
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 0.69% 0.45%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.86% 2.96% 2.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 461 538 358
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £425 £419 £411
90th Percentile £675 £675 £627
UK excluding London median daily rate £540 £525 £494
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.33% +3.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £75.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -53.33% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.50 - -

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,507 24,106 16,207
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.94% 23.30% 16.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,798 16,643 11,199
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £291 £303 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 413 338 231
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £58.25 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.76 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +24.34% -5.41% +8.82%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Contractor daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +49 663 £550 - 233
London +53 385 £575 +4.55% 120
UK excluding London +50 311 £540 +2.86% 128
North of England -4 96 £525 - 40
North West +51 71 £550 -14.73% 24
South West +24 66 £556 +23.61% 14
South East +32 56 £575 +6.98% 22
Midlands +64 37 £450 -2.70% 17
Scotland +22 32 £525 -4.55% 11
East Midlands +43 24 £438 +4.17% 5
East of England +43 22 £500 -9.09% 20
Yorkshire -18 21 £505 -3.81% 13
West Midlands +32 13 £600 +10.34% 10
North East -4 4 £470 -10.48% 3
Wales +24 2 £600 +26.32% 4

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 687 (97.86%) AWS
2 508 (72.36%) DevOps
3 415 (59.12%) Terraform
4 375 (53.42%) Python
5 345 (49.15%) Agile Software Development
6 279 (39.74%) Serverless
7 266 (37.89%) Docker
8 237 (33.76%) Ansible
9 233 (33.19%) Jenkins
10 231 (32.91%) Amazon EC2
11 230 (32.76%) Linux
11 230 (32.76%) AWS Lambda
12 226 (32.19%) Kubernetes
13 221 (31.48%) Amazon S3
14 219 (31.20%) Java
15 197 (28.06%) Infrastructure as Code
16 173 (24.64%) Opscode Chef
17 164 (23.36%) Git (software)
18 163 (23.22%) Finance
19 162 (23.08%) Amazon RDS
20 144 (20.51%) Puppet
21 137 (19.52%) Security Cleared
22 136 (19.37%) Bash Shell
23 121 (17.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
24 120 (17.09%) Configuration Management
25 115 (16.38%) Migration
26 114 (16.24%) Web Services
27 112 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
28 105 (14.96%) Azure
28 105 (14.96%) Amazon ECS

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (8.26%) Confluence
2 30 (4.27%) Elasticsearch
3 22 (3.13%) Apache Spark
4 20 (2.85%) nginx
5 15 (2.14%) Apache
6 12 (1.71%) IIS
7 8 (1.14%) Tomcat
7 8 (1.14%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.71%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.43%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2013
10 3 (0.43%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.43%) WordPress
11 2 (0.28%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.28%) Lightstreamer
11 2 (0.28%) NServiceBus
12 1 (0.14%) Mongrel
Business Applications
1 16 (2.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 8 (1.14%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.71%) R3 Corda
4 4 (0.57%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 687 (97.86%) AWS
2 279 (39.74%) Serverless
3 231 (32.91%) Amazon EC2
4 230 (32.76%) AWS Lambda
5 221 (31.48%) Amazon S3
6 121 (17.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 105 (14.96%) Amazon ECS
7 105 (14.96%) Azure
8 92 (13.11%) Amazon SQS
9 78 (11.11%) GCP
9 78 (11.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 76 (10.83%) OpenShift
11 50 (7.12%) Amazon ELB
12 48 (6.84%) AWS CodePipeline
13 44 (6.27%) GitHub
14 43 (6.13%) Datadog
15 42 (5.98%) CloudFront
16 41 (5.84%) Amazon Kinesis
17 38 (5.41%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 38 (5.41%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 36 (5.13%) VPN
2 28 (3.99%) Firewall
3 15 (2.14%) Internet
4 10 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 9 (1.28%) DNS
6 7 (1.00%) HTTP
7 6 (0.85%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.43%) Intrusion Detection
8 3 (0.43%) IPsec
8 3 (0.43%) SSL
9 2 (0.28%) DHCP
9 2 (0.28%) FTP
9 2 (0.28%) LAN
9 2 (0.28%) WAN
10 1 (0.14%) BGP
10 1 (0.14%) Network Security
10 1 (0.14%) OSPF
10 1 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
10 1 (0.14%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 162 (23.08%) Amazon RDS
2 94 (13.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 80 (11.40%) Amazon Redshift
4 37 (5.27%) Big Data
5 36 (5.13%) SQL Server
6 30 (4.27%) NoSQL
7 28 (3.99%) PostgreSQL
8 22 (3.13%) MySQL
9 16 (2.28%) Hadoop
10 15 (2.14%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (2.14%) Redis
11 13 (1.85%) Relational Database
12 11 (1.57%) RDBMS
13 10 (1.42%) Apache Hive
14 9 (1.28%) MongoDB
15 8 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
15 8 (1.14%) Amazon Aurora
15 8 (1.14%) HBase
16 7 (1.00%) Snowflake Schema
17 6 (0.85%) Presto
Development Applications
1 233 (33.19%) Jenkins
2 164 (23.36%) Git (software)
3 98 (13.96%) JIRA
4 72 (10.26%) Artifactory
5 59 (8.40%) GitLab
6 55 (7.83%) Sonatype Nexus
7 36 (5.13%) RStudio
8 29 (4.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 28 (3.99%) Bitbucket
10 22 (3.13%) CircleCI
10 22 (3.13%) Maven
11 20 (2.85%) SonarQube
11 20 (2.85%) TeamCity
12 17 (2.42%) Selenium
13 13 (1.85%) Subversion
14 10 (1.42%) Gradle
14 10 (1.42%) Visual Studio Team System
15 9 (1.28%) Vagrant
16 7 (1.00%) Cucumber
17 6 (0.85%) webpack
General
1 163 (23.22%) Finance
2 51 (7.26%) Public Sector
3 42 (5.98%) Front Office
4 24 (3.42%) Banking
5 19 (2.71%) Retail
6 11 (1.57%) Telecoms
7 10 (1.42%) Publishing
8 8 (1.14%) Billing
9 7 (1.00%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.85%) Games
11 5 (0.71%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.71%) Legal
11 5 (0.71%) Police
12 4 (0.57%) Law
12 4 (0.57%) Marketing
13 3 (0.43%) Electronics
13 3 (0.43%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.28%) Multimedia
14 2 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.14%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 271 (38.60%) DevOps Engineer
2 185 (26.35%) AWS Engineer
3 164 (23.36%) Developer
4 112 (15.95%) AWS DevOps
5 107 (15.24%) Cloud Engineer
6 96 (13.68%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 82 (11.68%) AWS Developer
8 52 (7.41%) Senior DevOps
9 51 (7.26%) Lead Developer
10 50 (7.12%) Senior Developer
11 49 (6.98%) Java Developer
12 46 (6.55%) Architect
13 45 (6.41%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 28 (3.99%) Data Engineer
14 28 (3.99%) Platform Engineer
15 27 (3.85%) Python Developer
16 26 (3.70%) Technical Leader
17 25 (3.56%) Consultant
18 23 (3.28%) AWS Architect
18 23 (3.28%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (16.24%) Web Services
2 73 (10.40%) Node.js
3 62 (8.83%) .NET
4 44 (6.27%) JSON
5 30 (4.27%) Kafka
6 29 (4.13%) J2EE
7 28 (3.99%) React
8 24 (3.42%) AngularJS
9 19 (2.71%) .NET Core
9 19 (2.71%) J2SE
10 17 (2.42%) HTML
11 16 (2.28%) CSS
12 15 (2.14%) Elastic Stack
12 15 (2.14%) Lambda Expressions
13 14 (1.99%) Vue.js
14 13 (1.85%) ASP.NET Web API
15 11 (1.57%) Spring Boot
16 10 (1.42%) Swagger
16 10 (1.42%) YAML
17 9 (1.28%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 47 (6.70%) Data Centre
2 46 (6.55%) Public Cloud
3 45 (6.41%) Greenfield Project
4 42 (5.98%) Fixed Income
5 35 (4.99%) Enterprise Software
6 31 (4.42%) Cloud Native
7 25 (3.56%) Linux Command Line
8 14 (1.99%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.42%) Data Structures
10 10 (1.42%) Enterprise Cloud
11 9 (1.28%) User Experience
12 7 (1.00%) Mobile App
13 6 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
13 6 (0.85%) Replication
14 5 (0.71%) Analytical Skills
15 4 (0.57%) Blog
15 4 (0.57%) N-Tier
15 4 (0.57%) Private Cloud
16 3 (0.43%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 230 (32.76%) Linux
2 92 (13.11%) Windows
3 69 (9.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 41 (5.84%) Unix
5 25 (3.56%) CentOS
6 20 (2.85%) Ubuntu
7 16 (2.28%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.71%) Mesosphere
9 4 (0.57%) Android
9 4 (0.57%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.57%) VMS
10 3 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.28%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.14%) AIX
12 1 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.14%) Debian
12 1 (0.14%) Fedora
12 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 508 (72.36%) DevOps
2 345 (49.15%) Agile Software Development
3 197 (28.06%) Infrastructure as Code
4 120 (17.09%) Configuration Management
5 115 (16.38%) Migration
6 112 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
7 102 (14.53%) Software Engineering
8 100 (14.25%) Scrum
9 89 (12.68%) Microservices
10 75 (10.68%) Open Source
11 61 (8.69%) Kanban
12 58 (8.26%) Decision-Making
13 55 (7.83%) Continuous Delivery
14 50 (7.12%) Asset Management
15 36 (5.13%) Computer Science
15 36 (5.13%) Continuous Deployment
15 36 (5.13%) High Availability
15 36 (5.13%) Test Automation
16 35 (4.99%) Infrastructure Automation
17 34 (4.84%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 375 (53.42%) Python
2 219 (31.20%) Java
3 136 (19.37%) Bash Shell
4 87 (12.39%) Ruby
5 69 (9.83%) PowerShell
6 67 (9.54%) SQL
7 60 (8.55%) JavaScript
8 47 (6.70%) Go
9 43 (6.13%) Shell Script
10 36 (5.13%) Perl
11 26 (3.70%) Scala
12 21 (2.99%) C#
13 17 (2.42%) R
14 14 (1.99%) TypeScript
15 8 (1.14%) Groovy
16 7 (1.00%) PHP
17 5 (0.71%) C
17 5 (0.71%) Kotlin
18 4 (0.57%) ES6
19 3 (0.43%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 137 (19.52%) Security Cleared
2 102 (14.53%) SC Cleared
3 99 (14.10%) AWS Certification
4 28 (3.99%) Degree
5 13 (1.85%) RHCE
6 11 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
8 8 (1.14%) MCSA
8 8 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.28%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.28%) CISSP
9 2 (0.28%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.71%) QA
2 6 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.57%) NIST
4 3 (0.43%) NCSC
4 3 (0.43%) NIST 800
5 2 (0.28%) GDPR
5 2 (0.28%) HIPAA
5 2 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.28%) SLA
6 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 266 (37.89%) Docker
2 10 (1.42%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.71%) Hyper-V
5 5 (0.71%) LXC
6 4 (0.57%) HDFS
6 4 (0.57%) Postfix
7 1 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.14%) vSphere
7 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 415 (59.12%) Terraform
2 237 (33.76%) Ansible
3 226 (32.19%) Kubernetes
4 173 (24.64%) Opscode Chef
5 144 (20.51%) Puppet
6 49 (6.98%) Consul
7 41 (5.84%) Packer
8 23 (3.28%) Prometheus
9 19 (2.71%) Nagios
10 16 (2.28%) Grafana
11 12 (1.71%) Salt
12 9 (1.28%) Mesos
13 7 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.57%) Marathon
14 4 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.57%) yum
15 3 (0.43%) HAProxy
15 3 (0.43%) Kibana
15 3 (0.43%) logstash
15 3 (0.43%) Suricata
Vendors
1 40 (5.70%) Red Hat
2 35 (4.99%) Splunk
3 34 (4.84%) Google
4 28 (3.99%) Microsoft
5 19 (2.71%) New Relic
6 17 (2.42%) Sparx
7 16 (2.28%) Oracle
8 13 (1.85%) Atlassian
9 10 (1.42%) AppDynamics
9 10 (1.42%) MuleSoft
9 10 (1.42%) SAP
9 10 (1.42%) Teradata
10 8 (1.14%) VMware
11 7 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.85%) Tableau
13 4 (0.57%) Adobe
13 4 (0.57%) hybris
13 4 (0.57%) PagerDuty
13 4 (0.57%) Qualys
14 3 (0.43%) IBM