Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS CloudFormation
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 266 265 281
Rank change year-on-year -1 +16 +16
Contract jobs citing AWS CloudFormation 893 680 371
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 1.03% 0.90%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.79% 2.87% 2.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 605 520 301
10th Percentile £450 £413 £425
25th Percentile £500 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £555 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +5.71% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £688 £595 £613
90th Percentile £775 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Median hourly rate - £42.50 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

AWS CloudFormation is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,985 23,655 12,778
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.95% 35.96% 31.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,248 16,865 9,007
10th Percentile £345 £325 £308
25th Percentile £450 £413 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £510 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £595
90th Percentile £747 £679 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £463
% change year-on-year +8.11% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 383 389 187
10th Percentile £13.88 £12.23 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.50 £16.38
Median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -2.44%
75th Percentile £50.39 £45.00 £29.88
90th Percentile £67.50 £65.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £19.60
% change year-on-year -3.76% +2.07% +3.81%

AWS CloudFormation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS CloudFormation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Daily rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS CloudFormation over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS CloudFormation.

Hourly rate trend for AWS CloudFormation in the UK

AWS CloudFormation
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS CloudFormation within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 644 £600 +11.89% 138
Work from Home -2 476 £540 +2.86% 71
London -25 389 £625 +13.64% 70
UK excluding London -7 299 £525 +5.00% 85
Scotland -3 104 £510 +8.51% 13
North of England -14 90 £600 +20.00% 29
North West -26 62 £600 +20.00% 13
South East -4 52 £525 -4.55% 10
South West -16 27 £600 +11.42% 14
Yorkshire -12 22 £675 +58.82% 15
Midlands -31 20 £500 -4.76% 8
West Midlands -34 11 £574 +8.82% 4
East Midlands -2 9 £500 +14.94% 4
North East - 8 £550 - 1
Wales -10 5 £525 -12.50% 5
East of England -31 4 £631 +14.77% 5

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing AWS CloudFormation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS CloudFormation.

1 831 (93.06%) AWS
2 600 (67.19%) DevOps
3 584 (65.40%) Terraform
4 476 (53.30%) CI/CD
5 466 (52.18%) Python
6 414 (46.36%) Infrastructure as Code
7 410 (45.91%) Serverless
8 408 (45.69%) Kubernetes
9 378 (42.33%) AWS Lambda
10 356 (39.87%) Agile
11 350 (39.19%) Docker
12 335 (37.51%) Jenkins
13 295 (33.03%) Linux
14 284 (31.80%) Ansible
15 252 (28.22%) Amazon S3
16 245 (27.44%) Azure
17 228 (25.53%) Bash
18 217 (24.30%) Amazon EC2
19 215 (24.08%) Java
20 203 (22.73%) Microservices
21 202 (22.62%) JavaScript
22 189 (21.16%) Git (software)
22 189 (21.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
23 166 (18.59%) Test Automation
24 160 (17.92%) Social Skills
25 154 (17.25%) Configuration Management
26 151 (16.91%) Puppet
27 149 (16.69%) Amazon ECS
28 147 (16.46%) DynamoDB
29 142 (15.90%) Security Cleared

AWS CloudFormation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (5.38%) nginx
2 33 (3.70%) Confluence
2 33 (3.70%) Traefik
3 21 (2.35%) GeoServer
4 16 (1.79%) Apache Spark
5 13 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (0.90%) Apache
7 6 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
7 6 (0.67%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.56%) IIS
8 5 (0.56%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.45%) Camunda
10 2 (0.22%) Luigi
11 1 (0.11%) Apache Pulsar
11 1 (0.11%) CMS
11 1 (0.11%) JBoss
11 1 (0.11%) Oracle Workflow
11 1 (0.11%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.11%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (0.45%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.90%) assyst
2 3 (0.34%) Cloudability
3 2 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.11%) SAP IBP
4 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 831 (93.06%) AWS
2 410 (45.91%) Serverless
3 378 (42.33%) AWS Lambda
4 252 (28.22%) Amazon S3
5 245 (27.44%) Azure
6 217 (24.30%) Amazon EC2
7 189 (21.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 149 (16.69%) Amazon ECS
9 132 (14.78%) AWS CodePipeline
10 128 (14.33%) GCP
11 107 (11.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 104 (11.65%) OpenShift
13 96 (10.75%) PaaS
14 90 (10.08%) GitHub
15 86 (9.63%) Amazon SQS
16 81 (9.07%) Route 53
17 80 (8.96%) Azure DevOps
18 70 (7.84%) AWS Fargate
19 69 (7.73%) Amazon EKS
19 69 (7.73%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 87 (9.74%) DNS
2 65 (7.28%) Firewall
3 62 (6.94%) TCP/IP
4 34 (3.81%) VPN
5 23 (2.58%) DHCP
6 21 (2.35%) Network Security
7 19 (2.13%) HTTP
8 11 (1.23%) IPsec
9 10 (1.12%) FTP
10 9 (1.01%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.90%) Internet
11 8 (0.90%) SNMP
11 8 (0.90%) tcpdump
12 5 (0.56%) NetScaler
12 5 (0.56%) SSH
13 3 (0.34%) BGP
13 3 (0.34%) iSCSI
14 2 (0.22%) Kerberos
14 2 (0.22%) OSPF
14 2 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 147 (16.46%) DynamoDB
2 122 (13.66%) Amazon RDS
3 105 (11.76%) PostgreSQL
4 79 (8.85%) Elasticsearch
5 74 (8.29%) Amazon Aurora
6 59 (6.61%) NoSQL
7 51 (5.71%) Amazon Redshift
8 42 (4.70%) MongoDB
9 38 (4.26%) MySQL
10 34 (3.81%) Relational Database
11 32 (3.58%) Big Data
12 24 (2.69%) SQL Server
13 21 (2.35%) Redis
14 20 (2.24%) Amazon Athena
15 15 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
16 12 (1.34%) Spatial Data
17 11 (1.23%) Oracle Database
17 11 (1.23%) RDBMS
18 10 (1.12%) Data Lake
19 7 (0.78%) Delta Lake
Development Applications
1 335 (37.51%) Jenkins
2 189 (21.16%) Git (software)
3 130 (14.56%) GitLab
4 72 (8.06%) JIRA
5 66 (7.39%) Artifactory
6 50 (5.60%) Maven
7 39 (4.37%) Gradle
8 38 (4.26%) TeamCity
9 19 (2.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 19 (2.13%) CircleCI
9 19 (2.13%) SonarQube
9 19 (2.13%) Subversion
10 18 (2.02%) Bitbucket
11 15 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
12 14 (1.57%) Cypress.io
13 13 (1.46%) git-flow
14 9 (1.01%) Selenium
15 8 (0.90%) Cucumber
15 8 (0.90%) Locust
16 7 (0.78%) CF BOSH
General
1 160 (17.92%) Social Skills
2 135 (15.12%) Finance
3 108 (12.09%) Public Sector
4 52 (5.82%) Analytical Skills
5 27 (3.02%) Banking
5 27 (3.02%) Influencing Skills
6 22 (2.46%) Legal
7 21 (2.35%) Financial Institution
8 16 (1.79%) Law
9 13 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
10 12 (1.34%) Front Office
11 8 (0.90%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.67%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 6 (0.67%) Retail
13 5 (0.56%) Documentation Skills
14 2 (0.22%) Games
14 2 (0.22%) German Language
14 2 (0.22%) Investment Banking
14 2 (0.22%) Publishing
15 1 (0.11%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 342 (38.30%) DevOps Engineer
2 276 (30.91%) AWS Engineer
3 173 (19.37%) AWS DevOps
4 164 (18.37%) Developer
5 163 (18.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 99 (11.09%) Cloud Engineer
7 70 (7.84%) Architect
8 59 (6.61%) Azure Engineer
9 58 (6.49%) AWS Developer
10 57 (6.38%) Platform Engineer
11 42 (4.70%) Software Engineer
12 30 (3.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 30 (3.36%) Cloud Platform Engineer
13 29 (3.25%) Cloud Architect
13 29 (3.25%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 27 (3.02%) AWS Architect
14 27 (3.02%) Data Engineer
14 27 (3.02%) Full Stack Developer
15 26 (2.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 25 (2.80%) AWS Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (12.88%) React
2 112 (12.54%) Node.js
3 75 (8.40%) Kafka
4 71 (7.95%) .NET
5 64 (7.17%) Elastic Stack
6 57 (6.38%) Spring
7 53 (5.94%) JSON
8 45 (5.04%) Spring Boot
9 44 (4.93%) CSS
10 42 (4.70%) HTML
10 42 (4.70%) OAuth
10 42 (4.70%) REST
11 41 (4.59%) cloud-init
12 39 (4.37%) RESTful
13 37 (4.14%) OAuth2
14 36 (4.03%) Spring Security
15 29 (3.25%) ADO
16 24 (2.69%) YAML
17 22 (2.46%) AngularJS
18 19 (2.13%) PostGIS
Miscellaneous
1 80 (8.96%) Cloud Native
2 79 (8.85%) Public Cloud
3 52 (5.82%) User Experience
4 48 (5.38%) Legacy Systems
5 43 (4.82%) Greenfield Project
6 39 (4.37%) PKI
7 38 (4.26%) Clustering
8 31 (3.47%) Linux Command Line
9 27 (3.02%) Hybrid Cloud
9 27 (3.02%) Self-Motivation
10 20 (2.24%) Data Protection Act
10 20 (2.24%) Data Structures
10 20 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
10 20 (2.24%) Hedge funds
11 17 (1.90%) Algorithms
12 15 (1.68%) Data Centre
13 10 (1.12%) Mobile App
13 10 (1.12%) Replication
14 9 (1.01%) Tandem
15 8 (0.90%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 295 (33.03%) Linux
2 107 (11.98%) Windows
3 76 (8.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 71 (7.95%) CentOS
5 41 (4.59%) Unix
6 35 (3.92%) Ubuntu
7 24 (2.69%) Windows Server
8 17 (1.90%) Amazon Linux
9 15 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
10 14 (1.57%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (0.67%) Alpine Linux
12 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.22%) Windows 2000 Server
13 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.11%) Apple iOS
14 1 (0.11%) DC/OS
14 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (67.19%) DevOps
2 476 (53.30%) CI/CD
3 414 (46.36%) Infrastructure as Code
4 356 (39.87%) Agile
5 203 (22.73%) Microservices
6 166 (18.59%) Test Automation
7 154 (17.25%) Configuration Management
8 135 (15.12%) Software Engineering
9 116 (12.99%) Continuous Integration
10 106 (11.87%) Scrum
11 100 (11.20%) Unit Testing
12 98 (10.97%) Continuous Delivery
13 83 (9.29%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 81 (9.07%) Migration
15 77 (8.62%) Analytics
16 75 (8.40%) Kanban
17 73 (8.17%) TDD
18 61 (6.83%) Platform Engineering
19 59 (6.61%) Full Stack Development
20 58 (6.49%) Architecture Roadmap
Programming Languages
1 466 (52.18%) Python
2 228 (25.53%) Bash
3 215 (24.08%) Java
4 202 (22.62%) JavaScript
5 137 (15.34%) TypeScript
6 131 (14.67%) PowerShell
7 112 (12.54%) Go
8 98 (10.97%) SQL
9 94 (10.53%) Ruby
10 37 (4.14%) C#
11 31 (3.47%) Groovy
12 29 (3.25%) Scala
12 29 (3.25%) Shell Script
13 16 (1.79%) ES6
14 11 (1.23%) VBScript
15 8 (0.90%) C
15 8 (0.90%) C++
15 8 (0.90%) Perl
16 5 (0.56%) PHP
17 4 (0.45%) Rust
Qualifications
1 142 (15.90%) Security Cleared
2 134 (15.01%) SC Cleared
3 71 (7.95%) AWS Certification
4 28 (3.14%) Degree
5 21 (2.35%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (1.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.34%) CCA
7 3 (0.34%) HND
7 3 (0.34%) OCP
7 3 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
7 3 (0.34%) RHCSA
8 2 (0.22%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.22%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.11%) CISSP
9 1 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.11%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (6.49%) Accessibility
2 38 (4.26%) NCSC
3 28 (3.14%) QA
4 23 (2.58%) GDPR
5 12 (1.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.56%) SLA
7 4 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.45%) PMO
8 1 (0.11%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 350 (39.19%) Docker
2 55 (6.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (2.02%) Active Directory
4 10 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.56%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.34%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.22%) Squid
7 2 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.22%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.11%) HDFS
8 1 (0.11%) LXC
8 1 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 584 (65.40%) Terraform
2 408 (45.69%) Kubernetes
3 284 (31.80%) Ansible
4 151 (16.91%) Puppet
5 132 (14.78%) Grafana
6 99 (11.09%) Opscode Chef
7 87 (9.74%) Prometheus
8 72 (8.06%) Packer
9 55 (6.16%) Docker Swarm
10 43 (4.82%) Graphite
11 41 (4.59%) Consul
12 40 (4.48%) Kibana
12 40 (4.48%) ZABBIX
13 37 (4.14%) Istio
14 33 (3.70%) Podman
15 32 (3.58%) HAProxy
16 31 (3.47%) linkerd
17 26 (2.91%) Nagios
18 16 (1.79%) Salt
19 14 (1.57%) Mesos
Vendors
1 82 (9.18%) Splunk
2 67 (7.50%) Microsoft
3 63 (7.05%) VMware
4 46 (5.15%) PagerDuty
5 42 (4.70%) Google
6 33 (3.70%) Red Hat
7 31 (3.47%) Oracle
8 23 (2.58%) Databricks
9 12 (1.34%) Cisco
9 12 (1.34%) ServiceNow
10 9 (1.01%) Cloudera
11 8 (0.90%) New Relic
12 7 (0.78%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.56%) NetApp
13 5 (0.56%) Snow
14 4 (0.45%) Alteryx
14 4 (0.45%) AppDynamics
14 4 (0.45%) Citrix
14 4 (0.45%) SolarWinds
15 3 (0.34%) CA