Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 279 382 475
Rank change year-on-year +103 +93 +119
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 995 646 479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.94% 0.63% 0.47%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.01% 3.74% 3.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 755 476 376
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £489
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.30% +8.61%
10th Percentile £413 £388 £375
90th Percentile £625 £631 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.33% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
UK median hourly rate - £35.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,791 17,252 12,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.52% 16.71% 12.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,184 11,983 8,565
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £275
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 220 189
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +11.11% -16.28%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.45
90th Percentile £61.77 £58.75 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.30 £17.03
% change year-on-year -4.38% +7.47% -24.31%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +101 961 £525 +5.00% 207
London +73 559 £525 - 121
UK excluding London +114 421 £488 +8.33% 91
North of England +120 205 £475 - 30
Yorkshire +85 107 £500 +37.93% 10
South East +7 87 £500 +11.11% 16
North West +24 83 £463 +2.78% 18
Midlands +8 56 £488 +2.63% 22
East of England +20 33 £525 - 11
East Midlands +20 28 £500 +11.11% 9
West Midlands -14 28 £450 -2.70% 12
Scotland -3 20 £463 +5.71% 3
South West -58 20 £475 - 7
North East +11 19 £500 +5.26% 2
Wales -24 1 £525 +16.67% 2

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 980 (98.49%) Amazon AWS
2 562 (56.48%) Amazon S3
3 522 (52.46%) DevOps
4 488 (49.05%) Jenkins
5 410 (41.21%) Linux
6 404 (40.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 393 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
8 360 (36.18%) Python
9 349 (35.08%) Java
10 330 (33.17%) Puppet
11 321 (32.26%) Ansible
12 320 (32.16%) Docker
13 310 (31.16%) Serverless
14 308 (30.95%) Web Services
15 301 (30.25%) Amazon RDS
16 287 (28.84%) Terraform
17 286 (28.74%) Continuous Integration
18 267 (26.83%) AWS Lambda
19 246 (24.72%) Opscode Chef
20 222 (22.31%) AWS CloudFormation
21 218 (21.91%) Git (software)
22 209 (21.01%) SQL
23 191 (19.20%) Kubernetes
24 185 (18.59%) Configuration Management
25 178 (17.89%) Scrum
25 178 (17.89%) Open Source
26 170 (17.09%) Bash Shell
27 165 (16.58%) Route 53
27 165 (16.58%) Amazon ELB
28 157 (15.78%) Microservices

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (9.65%) IIS
2 83 (8.34%) Apache
3 82 (8.24%) Confluence
3 82 (8.24%) Elasticsearch
4 78 (7.84%) Tomcat
5 66 (6.63%) nginx
6 52 (5.23%) Jetty
7 46 (4.62%) Mongrel
7 46 (4.62%) WebSphere
8 35 (3.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 30 (3.02%) Apache Spark
10 19 (1.91%) CMS
11 14 (1.41%) Apache Solr
12 9 (0.90%) OpenStack
13 6 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
13 6 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (0.60%) SharePoint
14 5 (0.50%) MS Exchange
14 5 (0.50%) WordPress
15 4 (0.40%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 47 (4.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (4.52%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.30%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.10%) Stata
Business Applications
1 3 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
1 3 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.10%) Magento
3 1 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 980 (98.49%) Amazon AWS
2 562 (56.48%) Amazon S3
3 404 (40.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
4 310 (31.16%) Serverless
5 267 (26.83%) AWS Lambda
6 222 (22.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 165 (16.58%) Amazon ELB
7 165 (16.58%) Route 53
8 140 (14.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 115 (11.56%) Amazon SQS
10 105 (10.55%) Amazon EMR
11 76 (7.64%) Google Cloud Platform
12 66 (6.63%) CloudFront
13 51 (5.13%) Amazon Kinesis
14 50 (5.03%) Google App Engine
15 48 (4.82%) Microsoft Azure
16 44 (4.42%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 43 (4.32%) Amazon Glacier
17 43 (4.32%) GitHub
18 41 (4.12%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 111 (11.16%) HTTP
2 103 (10.35%) TCP/IP
3 100 (10.05%) DNS
4 57 (5.73%) Firewall
4 57 (5.73%) SSL
5 49 (4.92%) DHCP
6 48 (4.82%) IPsec
7 46 (4.62%) FTP
8 36 (3.62%) VPN
9 15 (1.51%) SSH
10 12 (1.21%) ICMP
11 11 (1.11%) OpenVPN
12 9 (0.90%) OpenLDAP
13 6 (0.60%) Internet
14 5 (0.50%) LAN
14 5 (0.50%) WAN
15 3 (0.30%) MQTT
16 2 (0.20%) Calico
16 2 (0.20%) DSL
16 2 (0.20%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 301 (30.25%) Amazon RDS
2 152 (15.28%) MySQL
3 114 (11.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 95 (9.55%) Amazon Redshift
5 91 (9.15%) SQL Server
6 86 (8.64%) MongoDB
6 86 (8.64%) NoSQL
7 84 (8.44%) Hadoop
8 81 (8.14%) Big Data
9 74 (7.44%) PostgreSQL
10 62 (6.23%) Apache Hive
10 62 (6.23%) Relational Database
11 58 (5.83%) Amazon Aurora
11 58 (5.83%) Apache Cassandra
12 44 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
13 43 (4.32%) Impala
14 37 (3.72%) Sqoop
15 26 (2.61%) Redis
16 25 (2.51%) Amazon Athena
17 17 (1.71%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 488 (49.05%) Jenkins
2 218 (21.91%) Git (software)
3 127 (12.76%) Maven
4 123 (12.36%) SonarQube
5 115 (11.56%) JIRA
6 82 (8.24%) JUnit
7 80 (8.04%) GitLab
8 63 (6.33%) Mockito
9 59 (5.93%) DbUnit
9 59 (5.93%) jMock
10 46 (4.62%) Travis CI
11 42 (4.22%) Bitbucket
12 37 (3.72%) Sonatype Nexus
13 36 (3.62%) TeamCity
14 33 (3.32%) Gradle
15 30 (3.02%) Selenium
16 28 (2.81%) Vagrant
17 26 (2.61%) IntelliJ
18 24 (2.41%) Artifactory
19 20 (2.01%) Subversion
General
1 90 (9.05%) Finance
2 41 (4.12%) Retail
3 15 (1.51%) Banking
4 14 (1.41%) Marketing
5 9 (0.90%) Publishing
6 7 (0.70%) Legal
7 5 (0.50%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.40%) Advertising
8 4 (0.40%) Back Office
8 4 (0.40%) Front Office
8 4 (0.40%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.40%) Law
9 2 (0.20%) Billing
9 2 (0.20%) Electronics
9 2 (0.20%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.20%) Games
9 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.20%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.10%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 369 (37.09%) DevOps Engineer
2 289 (29.05%) AWS Engineer
3 227 (22.81%) AWS DevOps
4 226 (22.71%) Developer
5 212 (21.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 84 (8.44%) Java Developer
7 75 (7.54%) Architect
8 71 (7.14%) Cloud Engineer
9 65 (6.53%) Operations Engineer
10 60 (6.03%) AWS Architect
11 55 (5.53%) Platform Engineer
12 54 (5.43%) Data Engineer
13 49 (4.92%) Senior Developer
14 39 (3.92%) AWS Developer
14 39 (3.92%) Consultant
15 32 (3.22%) Cloud Architect
16 31 (3.12%) .NET Developer
17 30 (3.02%) AWS Consultant
18 29 (2.91%) Linux Engineer
19 28 (2.81%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 308 (30.95%) Web Services
2 128 (12.86%) .NET
3 115 (11.56%) J2EE
4 94 (9.45%) Spring
5 88 (8.84%) Node.js
6 87 (8.74%) Spring Boot
7 82 (8.24%) RESTful
8 76 (7.64%) Elastic Stack
9 69 (6.93%) SOAP
10 59 (5.93%) Apache Camel
10 59 (5.93%) PowerMock
11 55 (5.53%) REST
12 54 (5.43%) JSON
13 46 (4.62%) Servlets
14 43 (4.32%) React
15 38 (3.82%) HTML
16 29 (2.91%) Kafka
17 28 (2.81%) CSS
18 27 (2.71%) AngularJS
19 22 (2.21%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 77 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
2 75 (7.54%) Greenfield Project
3 45 (4.52%) Wiki
4 34 (3.42%) Public Cloud
5 31 (3.12%) Cloud Native
6 24 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
7 20 (2.01%) Fintech
7 20 (2.01%) Private Cloud
8 18 (1.81%) Data Centre
9 16 (1.61%) Algorithms
9 16 (1.61%) NHS
10 14 (1.41%) Hybrid Cloud
10 14 (1.41%) Management Information System
10 14 (1.41%) Mobile App
11 13 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
12 10 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
13 9 (0.90%) PKI
14 8 (0.80%) Over-the-Top Content
15 7 (0.70%) Data Structures
15 7 (0.70%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 410 (41.21%) Linux
2 136 (13.67%) Windows
3 128 (12.86%) Unix
4 123 (12.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 97 (9.75%) CentOS
6 22 (2.21%) VMS
7 21 (2.11%) Windows Server
8 20 (2.01%) Ubuntu
9 15 (1.51%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (0.90%) Solaris
11 8 (0.80%) Android
12 5 (0.50%) CoreOS
12 5 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.40%) Amazon Linux
13 4 (0.40%) Apple iOS
14 3 (0.30%) Debian
15 2 (0.20%) Fedora
15 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 522 (52.46%) DevOps
2 393 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
3 286 (28.74%) Continuous Integration
4 185 (18.59%) Configuration Management
5 178 (17.89%) Open Source
5 178 (17.89%) Scrum
6 157 (15.78%) Microservices
7 155 (15.58%) Test Automation
8 152 (15.28%) TDD
9 108 (10.85%) ETL
10 101 (10.15%) Migration
11 96 (9.65%) E-Commerce
12 92 (9.25%) BDD
12 92 (9.25%) Kanban
13 83 (8.34%) Build Automation
14 73 (7.34%) Software Engineering
15 67 (6.73%) Auto-Scaling
16 59 (5.93%) Analytics
17 58 (5.83%) SDLC
18 57 (5.73%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 360 (36.18%) Python
2 349 (35.08%) Java
3 209 (21.01%) SQL
4 170 (17.09%) Bash Shell
5 120 (12.06%) PowerShell
6 109 (10.95%) JavaScript
7 87 (8.74%) Ruby
8 60 (6.03%) Shell Script
9 57 (5.73%) Java 8
10 48 (4.82%) Korn
11 46 (4.62%) Scala
12 44 (4.42%) Perl
13 37 (3.72%) C#
14 34 (3.42%) PHP
15 22 (2.21%) Go
16 20 (2.01%) PHP 7
17 19 (1.91%) ES6
18 17 (1.71%) Groovy
18 17 (1.71%) TypeScript
19 14 (1.41%) C++
Qualifications
1 90 (9.05%) Security Cleared
2 75 (7.54%) SC Cleared
3 42 (4.22%) Degree
4 33 (3.32%) AWS Certification
5 27 (2.71%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (2.01%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.60%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.30%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.30%) MCSA
8 3 (0.30%) MCSE
8 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.20%) PhD
10 1 (0.10%) CCNP
10 1 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.10%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.10%) VCAP
10 1 (0.10%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (5.33%) QA
2 11 (1.11%) PMO
3 8 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.40%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.30%) GDPR
6 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.10%) Solvency II
System Software
1 320 (32.16%) Docker
2 124 (12.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (6.33%) vSphere
4 53 (5.33%) Xen
5 38 (3.82%) HDFS
6 30 (3.02%) Active Directory
7 26 (2.61%) Virtual Machines
8 12 (1.21%) Squid
9 8 (0.80%) Postfix
9 8 (0.80%) vCloud
10 7 (0.70%) XenApp
11 5 (0.50%) NFS
12 2 (0.20%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.20%) Btrfs
12 2 (0.20%) Firmware
12 2 (0.20%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.10%) iptables
13 1 (0.10%) KVM
13 1 (0.10%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 330 (33.17%) Puppet
2 321 (32.26%) Ansible
3 287 (28.84%) Terraform
4 246 (24.72%) Opscode Chef
5 191 (19.20%) Kubernetes
6 102 (10.25%) Packer
7 53 (5.33%) Grafana
8 49 (4.92%) Prometheus
9 45 (4.52%) Rancher
10 37 (3.72%) Hadoop YARN
11 36 (3.62%) Kibana
11 36 (3.62%) ZABBIX
12 31 (3.12%) Mesos
13 30 (3.02%) logstash
14 26 (2.61%) Nagios
15 23 (2.31%) Docker Swarm
16 14 (1.41%) Single Sign-On
17 13 (1.31%) Sysdig
17 13 (1.31%) Uchiwa
18 12 (1.21%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 140 (14.07%) VMware
2 91 (9.15%) Oracle
3 73 (7.34%) Microsoft
4 71 (7.14%) Splunk
5 64 (6.43%) Google
6 44 (4.42%) Cloudera
7 37 (3.72%) Adobe
8 35 (3.52%) Black Duck
9 25 (2.51%) Atlassian
9 25 (2.51%) Sitecore
10 19 (1.91%) Red Hat
11 18 (1.81%) hybris
11 18 (1.81%) New Relic
12 17 (1.71%) Zend
13 13 (1.31%) Dynatrace
14 12 (1.21%) PagerDuty
15 11 (1.11%) Tableau
16 8 (0.80%) Solace
16 8 (0.80%) Sonatype
17 7 (0.70%) Hortonworks