Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 334 250 280
Rank change year-on-year -84 +30 +80
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 360 635 920
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 1.06% 0.95%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.97% 3.51% 3.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 287 491 616
10th Percentile £400 £428 £413
25th Percentile £454 £488 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £613 £638 £588
90th Percentile £663 £700 £658
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -9.14% +10.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
Median hourly rate £40.00 £16.00 £31.25
Median % change year-on-year +150.00% -48.80% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £16.00 -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,250 18,115 26,348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.77% 30.24% 27.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,161 12,698 18,467
10th Percentile £313 £281 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £453
% change year-on-year - -0.56% +3.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 328 284 258
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.75 £11.00
25th Percentile £15.38 £16.25 £13.20
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -0.17%
75th Percentile £45.00 £35.19 £25.75
90th Percentile £60.48 £57.50 £48.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.08 £17.00
% change year-on-year +2.19% +12.25% +6.25%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -79 278 £525 -4.55% 179
London -52 191 £550 - 97
Work from Home -157 119 £513 -6.82% 44
UK excluding London -54 107 £500 -9.14% 90
Scotland -33 32 £475 -13.64% 4
North of England -17 28 £500 -16.67% 40
North West +12 24 £500 +0.50% 28
South East +41 18 £525 -4.55% 11
East of England +38 15 £465 -11.43% 2
Midlands +1 10 £450 -7.69% 16
West Midlands -2 9 £488 -2.50% 12
South West +36 4 £650 +18.18% 13
North East +16 3 £500 -42.86% 3
East Midlands +25 1 £300 -29.41% 4
Yorkshire -13 1 £425 -29.17% 9

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 350 (97.22%) AWS
2 221 (61.39%) Amazon S3
3 207 (57.50%) Python
4 189 (52.50%) Serverless
5 187 (51.94%) AWS Lambda
6 168 (46.67%) DevOps
7 150 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
8 121 (33.61%) Amazon RDS
9 115 (31.94%) Linux
10 103 (28.61%) Terraform
11 99 (27.50%) AWS CloudFormation
12 97 (26.94%) Java
13 96 (26.67%) Jenkins
14 93 (25.83%) Docker
15 87 (24.17%) SQL
16 83 (23.06%) Ansible
17 82 (22.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 79 (21.94%) Kubernetes
19 77 (21.39%) Amazon ECS
20 75 (20.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
21 72 (20.00%) Web Services
22 61 (16.94%) Finance
23 60 (16.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
24 59 (16.39%) Bash Shell
25 58 (16.11%) JavaScript
26 56 (15.56%) Microservices
27 55 (15.28%) Route 53
28 54 (15.00%) Infrastructure as Code
29 52 (14.44%) Amazon EKS
29 52 (14.44%) Git (software)

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (7.50%) Apache
1 27 (7.50%) Apache Spark
2 24 (6.67%) Confluence
3 20 (5.56%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (3.33%) SAS
5 9 (2.50%) Apache Airflow
6 8 (2.22%) nginx
7 6 (1.67%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.39%) IIS
8 5 (1.39%) SharePoint
9 4 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (1.11%) Jetty
9 4 (1.11%) Mongrel
9 4 (1.11%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.83%) Drupal
11 2 (0.56%) CMS
11 2 (0.56%) JBoss
11 2 (0.56%) Luigi
11 2 (0.56%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.56%) Magento
3 1 (0.28%) Exstream
3 1 (0.28%) Finacle
Cloud Services
1 350 (97.22%) AWS
2 221 (61.39%) Amazon S3
3 189 (52.50%) Serverless
4 187 (51.94%) AWS Lambda
5 99 (27.50%) AWS CloudFormation
6 82 (22.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 77 (21.39%) Amazon ECS
8 60 (16.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 55 (15.28%) Route 53
10 52 (14.44%) Amazon EKS
11 48 (13.33%) Azure
12 46 (12.78%) Amazon SQS
13 37 (10.28%) CloudFront
14 36 (10.00%) Amazon EMR
15 35 (9.72%) Amazon ELB
16 28 (7.78%) AWS CodePipeline
17 26 (7.22%) Amazon Kinesis
17 26 (7.22%) GCP
18 24 (6.67%) GitHub
19 22 (6.11%) Amazon GuardDuty
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.67%) DNS
2 23 (6.39%) SSL
3 19 (5.28%) HTTP
4 16 (4.44%) TCP/IP
5 12 (3.33%) Internet
6 11 (3.06%) Network Security
7 9 (2.50%) Firewall
8 8 (2.22%) VPN
9 6 (1.67%) DHCP
10 4 (1.11%) FTP
10 4 (1.11%) IPsec
11 3 (0.83%) 5G
11 3 (0.83%) Wireless
12 2 (0.56%) Asterisk PBX
12 2 (0.56%) DSL
12 2 (0.56%) Intrusion Detection
12 2 (0.56%) Remote Desktop
12 2 (0.56%) RTP
12 2 (0.56%) Skype
12 2 (0.56%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (33.61%) Amazon RDS
2 75 (20.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 42 (11.67%) Amazon Redshift
4 39 (10.83%) MySQL
5 34 (9.44%) NoSQL
6 31 (8.61%) Amazon Athena
6 31 (8.61%) PostgreSQL
6 31 (8.61%) SQL Server
7 28 (7.78%) Amazon Aurora
8 27 (7.50%) Big Data
9 25 (6.94%) MongoDB
10 24 (6.67%) Hadoop
11 21 (5.83%) Data Warehouse
12 17 (4.72%) Tableau
13 15 (4.17%) Relational Database
14 13 (3.61%) Data Lake
15 10 (2.78%) Apache Cassandra
15 10 (2.78%) Looker
15 10 (2.78%) Redis
16 8 (2.22%) PowerCenter
Development Applications
1 96 (26.67%) Jenkins
2 52 (14.44%) Git (software)
3 35 (9.72%) JIRA
4 26 (7.22%) GitLab
5 18 (5.00%) Artifactory
6 14 (3.89%) CircleCI
7 13 (3.61%) Maven
8 12 (3.33%) SonarQube
8 12 (3.33%) Sonatype Nexus
9 8 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (1.67%) Bitbucket
10 6 (1.67%) Cucumber
11 5 (1.39%) Gradle
11 5 (1.39%) JUnit
11 5 (1.39%) Selenium
12 4 (1.11%) GoCD
12 4 (1.11%) JMeter
12 4 (1.11%) Travis CI
13 3 (0.83%) Bitbucket Server
13 3 (0.83%) Vagrant
General
1 61 (16.94%) Finance
2 34 (9.44%) Front Office
3 22 (6.11%) Public Sector
4 8 (2.22%) Banking
5 4 (1.11%) Games
6 3 (0.83%) Legal
6 3 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (0.56%) Advertising
8 1 (0.28%) Dutch Language
8 1 (0.28%) Hebrew Language
8 1 (0.28%) Law
8 1 (0.28%) Retail
8 1 (0.28%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 113 (31.39%) AWS Engineer
2 98 (27.22%) DevOps Engineer
3 95 (26.39%) Developer
4 49 (13.61%) Python Developer
5 48 (13.33%) AWS DevOps
6 47 (13.06%) Python Engineer
7 43 (11.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 38 (10.56%) Architect
9 35 (9.72%) Data Engineer
10 33 (9.17%) Software Engineer
11 32 (8.89%) Cloud Engineer
12 29 (8.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 29 (8.06%) Python Software Engineer
13 26 (7.22%) JavaScript Developer
14 23 (6.39%) AWS Developer
15 22 (6.11%) Platform Engineer
16 21 (5.83%) JavaScript Engineer
17 17 (4.72%) AWS Architect
17 17 (4.72%) Java Developer
18 14 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 72 (20.00%) Web Services
2 48 (13.33%) React
3 42 (11.67%) AngularJS
4 31 (8.61%) Vue.js
5 29 (8.06%) Node.js
6 26 (7.22%) .NET
6 26 (7.22%) Kafka
7 23 (6.39%) Elastic Stack
8 19 (5.28%) REST
8 19 (5.28%) RESTful
9 16 (4.44%) CSS
9 16 (4.44%) Spring
10 15 (4.17%) HTML
11 12 (3.33%) Django
12 10 (2.78%) J2EE
12 10 (2.78%) JSON
12 10 (2.78%) Servlets
13 8 (2.22%) XML
14 7 (1.94%) HTML5
15 6 (1.67%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 29 (8.06%) Derivative
1 29 (8.06%) Equities
1 29 (8.06%) Fixed Income
1 29 (8.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 27 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (6.67%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (4.17%) Public Cloud
5 14 (3.89%) Linux Command Line
6 12 (3.33%) Mobile App
7 11 (3.06%) Hedge funds
8 8 (2.22%) Replication
9 7 (1.94%) Cloud Native
9 7 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.67%) Management Information System
11 4 (1.11%) PKI
12 3 (0.83%) Reference Data
12 3 (0.83%) Self-Motivation
12 3 (0.83%) User Experience
13 2 (0.56%) Enterprise Storage
13 2 (0.56%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 115 (31.94%) Linux
2 37 (10.28%) Windows
3 24 (6.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 16 (4.44%) Ubuntu
5 14 (3.89%) Windows Server
6 8 (2.22%) Unix
7 5 (1.39%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (1.39%) Windows Server 2019
8 3 (0.83%) CentOS
9 2 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.28%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.28%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 168 (46.67%) DevOps
2 150 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
3 56 (15.56%) Microservices
4 54 (15.00%) Infrastructure as Code
5 45 (12.50%) Software Engineering
6 40 (11.11%) Migration
7 36 (10.00%) Scrum
8 33 (9.17%) Analytics
9 32 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
10 30 (8.33%) Asset Management
10 30 (8.33%) Open Source
11 29 (8.06%) Test Automation
12 22 (6.11%) Kanban
13 19 (5.28%) Auto-Scaling
13 19 (5.28%) Configuration Management
14 18 (5.00%) Continuous Delivery
14 18 (5.00%) TDD
15 17 (4.72%) Machine Learning
16 16 (4.44%) Data Science
17 15 (4.17%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 207 (57.50%) Python
2 97 (26.94%) Java
3 87 (24.17%) SQL
4 59 (16.39%) Bash Shell
5 58 (16.11%) JavaScript
6 33 (9.17%) TypeScript
7 29 (8.06%) Kotlin
8 23 (6.39%) PowerShell
9 18 (5.00%) Scala
10 16 (4.44%) Groovy
11 12 (3.33%) R
12 11 (3.06%) Java 8
12 11 (3.06%) Ruby
13 10 (2.78%) Shell Script
14 9 (2.50%) C#
15 8 (2.22%) C++
15 8 (2.22%) Clojure
16 6 (1.67%) PHP
17 5 (1.39%) ES6
17 5 (1.39%) Perl
Qualifications
1 28 (7.78%) AWS Certification
2 27 (7.50%) Security Cleared
3 26 (7.22%) SC Cleared
4 7 (1.94%) Degree
5 5 (1.39%) CISSP
5 5 (1.39%) OCP
5 5 (1.39%) Oracle Certification
6 4 (1.11%) CISM
6 4 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.56%) CCA
7 2 (0.56%) Citrix Certification
7 2 (0.56%) GPEN
7 2 (0.56%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 2 (0.56%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.56%) OSCP
7 2 (0.56%) VCAP
7 2 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 1 (0.28%) CISA
8 1 (0.28%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.78%) QA
2 5 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (1.11%) Cyber Essentials
3 4 (1.11%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 4 (1.11%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.56%) SLA
5 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.28%) GDPR
System Software
1 93 (25.83%) Docker
2 14 (3.89%) Active Directory
3 13 (3.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (1.67%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (1.39%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (1.39%) vSphere
6 4 (1.11%) HDFS
6 4 (1.11%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (1.11%) Xen
7 3 (0.83%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.56%) Kamailio
8 2 (0.56%) Postfix
8 2 (0.56%) UAG
9 1 (0.28%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 103 (28.61%) Terraform
2 83 (23.06%) Ansible
3 79 (21.94%) Kubernetes
4 46 (12.78%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (12.50%) Puppet
6 19 (5.28%) Grafana
7 17 (4.72%) Kibana
8 16 (4.44%) Packer
9 8 (2.22%) Prometheus
10 6 (1.67%) Nagios
11 4 (1.11%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 4 (1.11%) Foglight
12 3 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (0.83%) vRealize
12 3 (0.83%) ZABBIX
13 2 (0.56%) Consul
13 2 (0.56%) Istio
13 2 (0.56%) logstash
13 2 (0.56%) Pingdom
13 2 (0.56%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 31 (8.61%) Oracle
2 25 (6.94%) Microsoft
3 13 (3.61%) VMware
4 10 (2.78%) Adobe
4 10 (2.78%) Informatica
5 9 (2.50%) SAP
6 8 (2.22%) CheckPoint
7 7 (1.94%) Cloudera
7 7 (1.94%) Red Hat
7 7 (1.94%) Talend
8 6 (1.67%) Teradata
9 5 (1.39%) Google
10 4 (1.11%) AppDynamics
10 4 (1.11%) Atlassian
10 4 (1.11%) New Relic
10 4 (1.11%) Splunk
11 3 (0.83%) Citrix
11 3 (0.83%) JD Edwards
11 3 (0.83%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.83%) Vertica