Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 278 364 418
Rank change year-on-year +86 +54 +124
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 880 706 466
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 0.70% 0.51%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.53% 3.36% 3.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 549 508 348
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +9.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £364
90th Percentile £663 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 0
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £32.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +35.94% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,919 20,983 12,396
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.39% 20.66% 13.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,174 14,333 8,595
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 302 165
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -14.29%
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.00 £10.50
90th Percentile £67.10 £56.13 £56.89
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.70 £16.63 £17.45
% change year-on-year +6.43% -4.67% +2.62%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +81 864 £525 - 66
London +84 554 £550 - 42
UK excluding London +54 319 £475 -5.00% 27
North of England +62 111 £475 -5.00% 10
South East +46 92 £475 +5.56% 4
Midlands +22 71 £458 -1.08% 3
North West +35 57 £475 - 3
West Midlands +18 54 £500 +9.59% 2
Yorkshire +40 41 £538 +2.38% 3
South West -36 24 £531 +6.25% 4
North East +16 13 £475 -5.00% 4
East of England -6 13 £475 -9.52% 3
East Midlands +10 9 £450 +12.50% 1
Scotland +25 7 £438 -7.89% 2
Wales - 1 £525 - 1

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 863 (98.07%) Amazon AWS
2 564 (64.09%) Amazon S3
3 526 (59.77%) DevOps
4 433 (49.20%) Agile Software Development
5 427 (48.52%) Java
6 413 (46.93%) Linux
7 411 (46.70%) Amazon RDS
8 393 (44.66%) Terraform
9 373 (42.39%) Serverless
10 365 (41.48%) Jenkins
11 364 (41.36%) AWS Lambda
12 351 (39.89%) Docker
12 351 (39.89%) Python
13 286 (32.50%) Web Services
13 286 (32.50%) Kubernetes
14 251 (28.52%) Continuous Integration
15 244 (27.73%) Ansible
16 232 (26.36%) AWS CloudFormation
17 231 (26.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 219 (24.89%) Git (software)
19 211 (23.98%) Amazon SQS
20 208 (23.64%) Puppet
21 204 (23.18%) J2EE
22 194 (22.05%) Finance
23 189 (21.48%) Open Source
24 184 (20.91%) Configuration Management
25 179 (20.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
26 171 (19.43%) Route 53
27 170 (19.32%) Amazon Redshift
28 158 (17.95%) Amazon ELB

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (13.41%) Apache
2 78 (8.86%) nginx
3 70 (7.95%) Tomcat
4 69 (7.84%) IIS
5 61 (6.93%) Confluence
6 59 (6.70%) Apache Spark
7 50 (5.68%) WebSphere
8 47 (5.34%) Jetty
9 46 (5.23%) Mongrel
10 41 (4.66%) Elasticsearch
11 20 (2.27%) Apache Airflow
12 18 (2.05%) Luigi
13 11 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (1.14%) Apache Solr
14 10 (1.14%) MS Exchange
15 8 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 7 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 7 (0.80%) WordPress
17 6 (0.68%) Apache Pig
17 6 (0.68%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.23%) Dynamics GP
1 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 863 (98.07%) Amazon AWS
2 564 (64.09%) Amazon S3
3 373 (42.39%) Serverless
4 364 (41.36%) AWS Lambda
5 232 (26.36%) AWS CloudFormation
6 231 (26.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 211 (23.98%) Amazon SQS
8 179 (20.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 171 (19.43%) Route 53
10 158 (17.95%) Amazon ELB
11 98 (11.14%) OpenShift
12 86 (9.77%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 74 (8.41%) CloudFront
14 71 (8.07%) Amazon EMR
15 67 (7.61%) Google Cloud Platform
16 66 (7.50%) AWS CloudTrail
17 61 (6.93%) Amazon Kinesis
17 61 (6.93%) GitHub
18 50 (5.68%) Google App Engine
19 47 (5.34%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 85 (9.66%) DNS
1 85 (9.66%) HTTP
2 67 (7.61%) TCP/IP
3 61 (6.93%) SSL
4 58 (6.59%) DHCP
4 58 (6.59%) IPsec
5 47 (5.34%) FTP
6 41 (4.66%) VPN
7 38 (4.32%) Firewall
8 14 (1.59%) MQTT
9 12 (1.36%) SSH
10 11 (1.25%) Network Security
11 10 (1.14%) VLAN
12 7 (0.80%) DMZ
12 7 (0.80%) DSL
13 6 (0.68%) WAN
14 5 (0.57%) HTTPS
15 4 (0.45%) Internet
15 4 (0.45%) LAN
16 3 (0.34%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 411 (46.70%) Amazon RDS
2 170 (19.32%) Amazon Redshift
3 121 (13.75%) MySQL
4 88 (10.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 88 (10.00%) PostgreSQL
5 83 (9.43%) Big Data
6 80 (9.09%) MongoDB
7 55 (6.25%) NoSQL
8 52 (5.91%) Hadoop
9 51 (5.80%) Relational Database
10 41 (4.66%) Amazon Athena
11 37 (4.20%) SQL Server
12 36 (4.09%) Apache Cassandra
12 36 (4.09%) Data Warehouse
13 28 (3.18%) Redis
14 24 (2.73%) Amazon Aurora
15 23 (2.61%) Apache Hive
16 19 (2.16%) RDBMS
17 14 (1.59%) Azkaban
18 13 (1.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 365 (41.48%) Jenkins
2 219 (24.89%) Git (software)
3 112 (12.73%) Artifactory
4 100 (11.36%) GitLab
5 90 (10.23%) Maven
6 81 (9.20%) SonarQube
7 75 (8.52%) JIRA
8 68 (7.73%) JUnit
9 66 (7.50%) Mockito
10 65 (7.39%) Travis CI
11 59 (6.70%) RStudio
12 53 (6.02%) jMock
13 52 (5.91%) DbUnit
14 33 (3.75%) Bitbucket
15 23 (2.61%) Selenium
16 20 (2.27%) Sonatype Nexus
17 19 (2.16%) Subversion
18 17 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 17 (1.93%) Cucumber
19 13 (1.48%) Vagrant
General
1 194 (22.05%) Finance
2 66 (7.50%) Front Office
3 25 (2.84%) Retail
4 14 (1.59%) Financial Institution
5 13 (1.48%) Banking
5 13 (1.48%) Marketing
6 8 (0.91%) Games
7 5 (0.57%) Billing
7 5 (0.57%) Law
7 5 (0.57%) Publishing
8 4 (0.45%) Back Office
8 4 (0.45%) Legal
8 4 (0.45%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.34%) Advertising
9 3 (0.34%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.23%) Electronics
10 2 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.11%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 318 (36.14%) Developer
2 262 (29.77%) DevOps Engineer
3 228 (25.91%) AWS Engineer
4 168 (19.09%) AWS DevOps
5 167 (18.98%) Java Developer
6 150 (17.05%) AWS Developer
7 133 (15.11%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 77 (8.75%) Senior Developer
9 49 (5.57%) Cloud Engineer
10 45 (5.11%) Senior DevOps
11 44 (5.00%) Data Engineer
11 44 (5.00%) JavaScript Developer
12 43 (4.89%) Angular Developer
13 38 (4.32%) Java Software Developer
13 38 (4.32%) Senior Software Developer
14 36 (4.09%) Architect
15 35 (3.98%) Lead Developer
16 34 (3.86%) Java Engineer
17 33 (3.75%) UI Developer
18 31 (3.52%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 286 (32.50%) Web Services
2 204 (23.18%) J2EE
3 105 (11.93%) SOAP
4 84 (9.55%) Node.js
4 84 (9.55%) RESTful
5 83 (9.43%) JSON
6 82 (9.32%) AngularJS
6 82 (9.32%) Kafka
6 82 (9.32%) Spring
7 72 (8.18%) .NET
8 70 (7.95%) REST
9 68 (7.73%) Spring Boot
10 60 (6.82%) XML
11 54 (6.14%) Apache Camel
12 53 (6.02%) PowerMock
13 51 (5.80%) Servlets
14 50 (5.68%) React
15 43 (4.89%) Elastic Stack
15 43 (4.89%) HTML
16 42 (4.77%) J2SE
Miscellaneous
1 60 (6.82%) Fixed Income
2 57 (6.48%) Greenfield Project
3 35 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (3.86%) Cloud Native
5 32 (3.64%) Fintech
6 28 (3.18%) Data Structures
6 28 (3.18%) Linux Command Line
7 23 (2.61%) Management Information System
8 18 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (1.93%) Enterprise Cloud
9 17 (1.93%) PKI
9 17 (1.93%) Public Cloud
10 13 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
10 13 (1.48%) User Experience
11 12 (1.36%) Hedge funds
12 9 (1.02%) Analytical Mindset
12 9 (1.02%) Data Centre
13 8 (0.91%) Smart Meter
14 7 (0.80%) e-Learning
14 7 (0.80%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 413 (46.93%) Linux
2 89 (10.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 89 (10.11%) Windows
3 75 (8.52%) Unix
4 56 (6.36%) CentOS
5 37 (4.20%) Ubuntu
6 28 (3.18%) Windows Server
7 19 (2.16%) Debian
8 6 (0.68%) Android
9 5 (0.57%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.57%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.23%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.23%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.11%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 526 (59.77%) DevOps
2 433 (49.20%) Agile Software Development
3 251 (28.52%) Continuous Integration
4 189 (21.48%) Open Source
5 184 (20.91%) Configuration Management
6 152 (17.27%) Scrum
7 151 (17.16%) Software Engineering
8 150 (17.05%) TDD
9 125 (14.20%) Asset Management
9 125 (14.20%) Microservices
10 117 (13.30%) Migration
11 101 (11.48%) Test Automation
12 87 (9.89%) Kanban
13 86 (9.77%) BDD
14 61 (6.93%) Continuous Deployment
14 61 (6.93%) Deployment Automation
15 60 (6.82%) Decision-Making
16 59 (6.70%) Infrastructure as Code
17 57 (6.48%) E-Commerce
18 54 (6.14%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 427 (48.52%) Java
2 351 (39.89%) Python
3 132 (15.00%) Bash Shell
4 130 (14.77%) JavaScript
5 119 (13.52%) SQL
6 62 (7.05%) PowerShell
7 61 (6.93%) Ruby
8 45 (5.11%) Java 8
8 45 (5.11%) PHP
8 45 (5.11%) Scala
9 29 (3.30%) Shell Script
10 23 (2.61%) Go
10 23 (2.61%) Perl
10 23 (2.61%) TypeScript
11 16 (1.82%) C#
12 15 (1.70%) ES6
13 13 (1.48%) Groovy
14 11 (1.25%) R
15 8 (0.91%) C++
16 7 (0.80%) Korn
Qualifications
1 134 (15.23%) Security Cleared
2 111 (12.61%) SC Cleared
3 67 (7.61%) AWS Certification
4 27 (3.07%) Degree
5 19 (2.16%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (1.36%) CTC Cleared
7 7 (0.80%) Cisco Certification
7 7 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.57%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.45%) CISM
9 4 (0.45%) CISSP
9 4 (0.45%) CREST Certified
10 3 (0.34%) MCSE
10 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.23%) CCNP
11 2 (0.23%) MCSA
11 2 (0.23%) OCA
11 2 (0.23%) OCAJ
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (3.18%) Data Quality
2 20 (2.27%) QA
3 7 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.45%) GDPR
4 4 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.45%) PMO
4 4 (0.45%) SLA
4 4 (0.45%) Solvency II
5 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.11%) COBIT
6 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.11%) MiFID
System Software
1 351 (39.89%) Docker
2 100 (11.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (5.23%) Xen
4 43 (4.89%) vSphere
5 30 (3.41%) Active Directory
6 15 (1.70%) NFS
7 13 (1.48%) Apache Flume
7 13 (1.48%) Squid
8 11 (1.25%) HDFS
9 9 (1.02%) Postfix
10 8 (0.91%) Snort
11 4 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.34%) LXC
12 3 (0.34%) Shibboleth
13 2 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
14 1 (0.11%) oVirt
14 1 (0.11%) RHEV
14 1 (0.11%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 393 (44.66%) Terraform
2 286 (32.50%) Kubernetes
3 244 (27.73%) Ansible
4 208 (23.64%) Puppet
5 101 (11.48%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (6.48%) Packer
7 34 (3.86%) Prometheus
8 30 (3.41%) Grafana
9 22 (2.50%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (1.93%) HAProxy
11 15 (1.70%) Mesos
12 14 (1.59%) Rancher
13 13 (1.48%) Kibana
14 12 (1.36%) Graphite
15 11 (1.25%) SCCM
16 10 (1.14%) ZABBIX
17 8 (0.91%) FortiGate
17 8 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
18 7 (0.80%) Rundeck
18 7 (0.80%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 103 (11.70%) VMware
2 67 (7.61%) Microsoft
3 58 (6.59%) Atlassian
3 58 (6.59%) Google
4 52 (5.91%) Oracle
5 32 (3.64%) Splunk
6 16 (1.82%) Dynatrace
7 15 (1.70%) Black Duck
8 13 (1.48%) Adobe
8 13 (1.48%) Red Hat
9 12 (1.36%) Cisco
9 12 (1.36%) Citrix
9 12 (1.36%) Tableau
10 10 (1.14%) Talend
11 9 (1.02%) Ping Identity
11 9 (1.02%) SaltStack
12 8 (0.91%) MicroStrategy
12 8 (0.91%) New Relic
13 6 (0.68%) Cloudera
14 5 (0.57%) Hortonworks