Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 287 295 429
Rank change year-on-year +8 +134 +109
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 773 903 518
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.89% 0.52%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.08% 3.92% 3.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 685 373
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £413 £389
90th Percentile £675 £625 £623
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -0.90% +11.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 1
UK median hourly rate £105.00 £32.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +228.13% -8.57% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £35.00

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,124 23,050 15,314
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.77% 22.61% 15.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,116 15,860 10,529
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 403 346 225
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £18.13 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.38% -9.38% +5.26%
10th Percentile £13.78 £11.25 £11.10
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.47 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.42 £17.50 £18.96
% change year-on-year +28.10% -7.70% +11.53%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 759 £525 - 195
London +1 442 £575 +9.52% 111
UK excluding London +46 325 £495 -0.90% 95
North of England +19 127 £475 -5.00% 26
Midlands +86 90 £475 +5.56% 15
North West +51 85 £475 - 21
West Midlands +79 74 £475 +11.76% 12
South East -3 47 £526 +0.24% 16
South West +2 36 £500 +5.26% 16
North East +35 23 £495 -1.00% 1
Yorkshire -30 19 £450 -18.18% 4
East of England +4 16 £613 +22.50% 11
East Midlands +11 10 £500 +2.56% 3
Scotland +30 8 £500 +5.26% 8
Wales +26 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 768 (99.35%) AWS
2 517 (66.88%) Amazon S3
3 490 (63.39%) DevOps
4 433 (56.02%) Amazon RDS
5 401 (51.88%) Agile Software Development
6 386 (49.94%) Terraform
7 369 (47.74%) Java
8 363 (46.96%) Serverless
9 356 (46.05%) AWS Lambda
10 343 (44.37%) Docker
11 335 (43.34%) Python
12 294 (38.03%) Linux
13 283 (36.61%) Jenkins
14 268 (34.67%) Web Services
15 251 (32.47%) Kubernetes
16 244 (31.57%) AWS CloudFormation
17 228 (29.50%) Ansible
18 205 (26.52%) Amazon SQS
19 196 (25.36%) Finance
20 195 (25.23%) Amazon ECS
21 183 (23.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
22 177 (22.90%) Software Engineering
23 173 (22.38%) Git (software)
23 173 (22.38%) Amazon ELB
24 172 (22.25%) Continuous Integration
25 164 (21.22%) Puppet
25 164 (21.22%) Amazon Redshift
26 160 (20.70%) Open Source
27 156 (20.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
28 150 (19.40%) Configuration Management

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (9.83%) Apache
2 63 (8.15%) Confluence
3 51 (6.60%) Apache Spark
4 47 (6.08%) nginx
5 33 (4.27%) Elasticsearch
6 25 (3.23%) Tomcat
7 12 (1.55%) WebSphere
8 11 (1.42%) Apache Solr
9 9 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
9 9 (1.16%) IIS
10 8 (1.03%) Apache Airflow
10 8 (1.03%) Jetty
10 8 (1.03%) Mongrel
11 7 (0.91%) Moodle
12 6 (0.78%) Luigi
13 5 (0.65%) Mendix
13 5 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.52%) GemFire
15 3 (0.39%) WebLogic
15 3 (0.39%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.52%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.13%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 768 (99.35%) AWS
2 517 (66.88%) Amazon S3
3 363 (46.96%) Serverless
4 356 (46.05%) AWS Lambda
5 244 (31.57%) AWS CloudFormation
6 205 (26.52%) Amazon SQS
7 195 (25.23%) Amazon ECS
8 183 (23.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 173 (22.38%) Amazon ELB
10 156 (20.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 146 (18.89%) Route 53
12 113 (14.62%) OpenShift
13 82 (10.61%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 79 (10.22%) CloudFront
15 63 (8.15%) GitHub
16 53 (6.86%) Amazon EMR
17 44 (5.69%) Azure
18 43 (5.56%) Amazon EKS
19 35 (4.53%) Amazon Kinesis
20 33 (4.27%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 40 (5.17%) HTTP
2 31 (4.01%) DNS
3 27 (3.49%) VPN
4 24 (3.10%) Firewall
5 18 (2.33%) Network Security
5 18 (2.33%) TCP/IP
6 14 (1.81%) DHCP
7 13 (1.68%) Internet
8 11 (1.42%) IPsec
8 11 (1.42%) SSL
9 10 (1.29%) DSL
10 9 (1.16%) FTP
10 9 (1.16%) Intrusion Detection
11 7 (0.91%) SSH
11 7 (0.91%) WAN
12 5 (0.65%) MQTT
13 2 (0.26%) NAS
13 2 (0.26%) NetScaler
13 2 (0.26%) SAN
13 2 (0.26%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 433 (56.02%) Amazon RDS
2 164 (21.22%) Amazon Redshift
3 108 (13.97%) MySQL
4 91 (11.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 70 (9.06%) PostgreSQL
6 58 (7.50%) MongoDB
7 48 (6.21%) Big Data
8 42 (5.43%) NoSQL
9 41 (5.30%) Hadoop
10 36 (4.66%) Relational Database
11 33 (4.27%) SQL Server
12 24 (3.10%) Apache Cassandra
13 22 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
14 21 (2.72%) RDBMS
15 20 (2.59%) Amazon Athena
16 15 (1.94%) Amazon Aurora
16 15 (1.94%) Data Lake
16 15 (1.94%) Redis
17 12 (1.55%) Apache Hive
18 10 (1.29%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 283 (36.61%) Jenkins
2 173 (22.38%) Git (software)
3 114 (14.75%) Artifactory
4 86 (11.13%) GitLab
5 78 (10.09%) JIRA
5 78 (10.09%) Maven
6 70 (9.06%) SonarQube
7 67 (8.67%) RStudio
8 62 (8.02%) JUnit
9 59 (7.63%) Mockito
10 46 (5.95%) Bitbucket
11 43 (5.56%) DbUnit
12 42 (5.43%) jMock
13 38 (4.92%) Travis CI
14 27 (3.49%) Cucumber
14 27 (3.49%) Selenium
15 17 (2.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 15 (1.94%) TeamCity
17 14 (1.81%) Subversion
17 14 (1.81%) Vagrant
General
1 196 (25.36%) Finance
2 69 (8.93%) Front Office
3 37 (4.79%) Public Sector
4 25 (3.23%) Retail
5 20 (2.59%) Financial Institution
6 17 (2.20%) Banking
7 8 (1.03%) Billing
7 8 (1.03%) Games
8 6 (0.78%) Marketing
9 3 (0.39%) Legal
9 3 (0.39%) Publishing
9 3 (0.39%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.26%) Electronics
10 2 (0.26%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.13%) Law
11 1 (0.13%) Music Industry
11 1 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 305 (39.46%) Developer
2 200 (25.87%) AWS Engineer
3 199 (25.74%) DevOps Engineer
4 147 (19.02%) Java Developer
5 138 (17.85%) AWS Developer
6 136 (17.59%) AWS DevOps
7 96 (12.42%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 70 (9.06%) Senior Developer
9 62 (8.02%) Lead Developer
10 58 (7.50%) Cloud Engineer
11 57 (7.37%) Architect
12 56 (7.24%) Angular Developer
13 43 (5.56%) JavaScript Developer
14 42 (5.43%) Java Software Developer
15 41 (5.30%) Data Engineer
16 40 (5.17%) UI Developer
17 39 (5.05%) J2EE Developer
17 39 (5.05%) Java/J2EE Developer
18 38 (4.92%) JavaScript Engineer
18 38 (4.92%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (34.67%) Web Services
2 149 (19.28%) J2EE
3 96 (12.42%) AngularJS
4 88 (11.38%) RESTful
5 75 (9.70%) Spring
6 73 (9.44%) SOAP
7 62 (8.02%) Node.js
8 52 (6.73%) JSON
8 52 (6.73%) Kafka
9 48 (6.21%) React
10 47 (6.08%) Spring Boot
11 44 (5.69%) J2SE
12 42 (5.43%) PowerMock
13 41 (5.30%) .NET
14 37 (4.79%) REST
15 36 (4.66%) HTML
16 35 (4.53%) CSS
17 32 (4.14%) Hibernate
18 30 (3.88%) Elastic Stack
19 29 (3.75%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 69 (8.93%) Fixed Income
2 37 (4.79%) Greenfield Project
3 30 (3.88%) Cloud Native
4 27 (3.49%) PKI
5 24 (3.10%) Linux Command Line
6 21 (2.72%) Public Cloud
7 17 (2.20%) Analytical Skills
7 17 (2.20%) Data Centre
7 17 (2.20%) User Experience
8 15 (1.94%) Hedge funds
9 14 (1.81%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.81%) Management Information System
10 13 (1.68%) Clustering
11 12 (1.55%) Enterprise Cloud
12 9 (1.16%) Analytical Mindset
13 8 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.03%) NHS
14 7 (0.91%) e-Learning
14 7 (0.91%) SCORM
15 6 (0.78%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 294 (38.03%) Linux
2 95 (12.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 72 (9.31%) Unix
4 71 (9.18%) Windows
5 47 (6.08%) CentOS
6 25 (3.23%) Ubuntu
7 14 (1.81%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.65%) Debian
8 5 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.26%) Solaris
9 2 (0.26%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.13%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 490 (63.39%) DevOps
2 401 (51.88%) Agile Software Development
3 177 (22.90%) Software Engineering
4 172 (22.25%) Continuous Integration
5 160 (20.70%) Open Source
6 150 (19.40%) Configuration Management
7 132 (17.08%) Asset Management
8 130 (16.82%) TDD
9 126 (16.30%) Scrum
10 116 (15.01%) Migration
11 115 (14.88%) Microservices
12 89 (11.51%) BDD
13 77 (9.96%) Decision-Making
14 74 (9.57%) Kanban
15 67 (8.67%) Infrastructure as Code
16 57 (7.37%) Deployment Automation
16 57 (7.37%) Front End Development
17 48 (6.21%) Release Management
18 46 (5.95%) E-Commerce
18 46 (5.95%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 369 (47.74%) Java
2 335 (43.34%) Python
3 112 (14.49%) Bash Shell
4 106 (13.71%) SQL
5 97 (12.55%) JavaScript
6 53 (6.86%) PowerShell
7 48 (6.21%) PHP
8 41 (5.30%) Scala
9 37 (4.79%) Shell Script
10 36 (4.66%) Ruby
11 27 (3.49%) Java 8
12 22 (2.85%) Groovy
13 21 (2.72%) C#
14 15 (1.94%) Perl
15 14 (1.81%) Go
16 13 (1.68%) R
17 7 (0.91%) TypeScript
18 5 (0.65%) C++
19 4 (0.52%) Clojure
20 3 (0.39%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 108 (13.97%) Security Cleared
2 101 (13.07%) SC Cleared
3 94 (12.16%) AWS Certification
4 29 (3.75%) Degree
5 12 (1.55%) RHCE
6 11 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
6 11 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
7 5 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.39%) MCSA
8 3 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.39%) RHCSA
9 2 (0.26%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.13%) CCNA
10 1 (0.13%) CCNP
10 1 (0.13%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (1.81%) QA
2 6 (0.78%) Data Quality
2 6 (0.78%) GDPR
3 4 (0.52%) SLA
4 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.13%) COBIT
5 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 343 (44.37%) Docker
2 31 (4.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (3.36%) vSphere
4 24 (3.10%) Postfix
5 16 (2.07%) Active Directory
6 9 (1.16%) Xen
7 8 (1.03%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.78%) LXC
9 4 (0.52%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.52%) HDFS
10 3 (0.39%) PowerDNS
10 3 (0.39%) XenApp
11 2 (0.26%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.13%) Firmware
12 1 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.13%) oVirt
12 1 (0.13%) RHEV
12 1 (0.13%) Varnish
12 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 386 (49.94%) Terraform
2 251 (32.47%) Kubernetes
3 228 (29.50%) Ansible
4 164 (21.22%) Puppet
5 105 (13.58%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (5.05%) Packer
7 18 (2.33%) Grafana
8 17 (2.20%) Rancher
9 16 (2.07%) Consul
10 15 (1.94%) Prometheus
11 13 (1.68%) HAProxy
12 9 (1.16%) ZABBIX
13 8 (1.03%) Nagios
14 7 (0.91%) Mesos
15 5 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
15 5 (0.65%) Istio
15 5 (0.65%) SCCM
16 4 (0.52%) NetIQ Identity Manager
16 4 (0.52%) Oracle Identity Manager
17 3 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 38 (4.92%) Splunk
2 37 (4.79%) VMware
3 36 (4.66%) Atlassian
4 33 (4.27%) Google
5 30 (3.88%) Oracle
6 18 (2.33%) Microsoft
7 15 (1.94%) New Relic
7 15 (1.94%) Red Hat
8 10 (1.29%) AppDynamics
8 10 (1.29%) Talend
9 9 (1.16%) Ping Identity
10 7 (0.91%) Black Duck
10 7 (0.91%) Citrix
11 6 (0.78%) Teradata
12 5 (0.65%) Adobe
12 5 (0.65%) Rackspace
12 5 (0.65%) SAP
13 4 (0.52%) ForgeRock
13 4 (0.52%) NetIQ
13 4 (0.52%) Tableau