Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 223 290 309
Rank change year-on-year +67 +19 +118
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 334 785 902
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 0.90% 0.88%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.64% 3.11% 3.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 304 495 697
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £402 £403 £413
90th Percentile £703 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £473 £495 £481
% change year-on-year -4.55% +2.86% +6.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 2 2
Median hourly rate £37.50 £60.50 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.02% +89.06% -8.57%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.65 £31.00
90th Percentile £40.00 £98.35 £33.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £16.00 -
% change year-on-year +118.75% - -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,170 25,273 23,305
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.39% 28.82% 22.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,040 17,224 16,070
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.83%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £305
90th Percentile £688 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 411 341
Median hourly rate £34.00 £21.50 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +58.14% +19.44% -10.00%
10th Percentile £14.50 £13.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.75 £73.75 £62.94
Median hourly rate £24.15 £21.46 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.53% +22.63% -4.11%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 303 £550 +4.76% 119
London +69 225 £550 -3.30% 61
UK excluding London +83 94 £473 -4.55% 62
Work from Home -68 56 £502 -8.73% 27
North of England +29 30 £438 -7.89% 27
Scotland +85 20 £435 -13.00% 3
South West +95 18 £525 +5.00% 10
South East +171 15 £500 -0.50% 11
North West +14 13 £405 -14.74% 18
North East +29 11 £461 -6.82% 1
East of England +83 10 £345 -43.67% 2
Yorkshire +67 5 £559 +31.47% 8
East Midlands +55 1 £400 -20.00% 1
Midlands +11 1 £400 -15.79% 7

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 332 (99.40%) AWS
2 243 (72.75%) Amazon S3
3 199 (59.58%) Python
4 190 (56.89%) Agile Software Development
5 184 (55.09%) Serverless
6 173 (51.80%) DevOps
6 173 (51.80%) AWS Lambda
7 168 (50.30%) Java
8 151 (45.21%) Amazon RDS
9 150 (44.91%) Terraform
10 141 (42.22%) Web Services
11 140 (41.92%) Jenkins
12 135 (40.42%) Docker
13 132 (39.52%) Kubernetes
14 130 (38.92%) Finance
15 125 (37.43%) Software Engineering
16 110 (32.93%) AWS CloudFormation
17 106 (31.74%) Front Office
17 106 (31.74%) Fixed Income
17 106 (31.74%) Asset Management
18 104 (31.14%) Linux
19 102 (30.54%) Equities
19 102 (30.54%) Derivative
20 89 (26.65%) SQL
21 83 (24.85%) Amazon ECS
22 81 (24.25%) JavaScript
23 76 (22.75%) OpenShift
24 75 (22.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
25 70 (20.96%) Amazon SQS
25 70 (20.96%) Virtual Private Cloud

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (7.78%) Elasticsearch
2 20 (5.99%) Confluence
3 16 (4.79%) Apache Spark
4 12 (3.59%) Apache
5 11 (3.29%) Tomcat
6 8 (2.40%) Jupyter
7 4 (1.20%) Apache Pig
8 3 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.90%) CMS
8 3 (0.90%) IIS
8 3 (0.90%) nginx
8 3 (0.90%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.90%) Skype for Business
8 3 (0.90%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.60%) Drupal
9 2 (0.60%) Headless CMS
9 2 (0.60%) Jetty
9 2 (0.60%) Mongrel
10 1 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (1.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.30%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 332 (99.40%) AWS
2 243 (72.75%) Amazon S3
3 184 (55.09%) Serverless
4 173 (51.80%) AWS Lambda
5 110 (32.93%) AWS CloudFormation
6 83 (24.85%) Amazon ECS
7 76 (22.75%) OpenShift
8 70 (20.96%) Amazon SQS
8 70 (20.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 53 (15.87%) Route 53
10 46 (13.77%) Azure
11 41 (12.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 37 (11.08%) Amazon EKS
13 26 (7.78%) Amazon ELB
14 25 (7.49%) GitHub
15 18 (5.39%) AWS CodePipeline
16 17 (5.09%) AWS CloudTrail
17 16 (4.79%) CloudFront
18 14 (4.19%) AWS CodeBuild
18 14 (4.19%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 15 (4.49%) Firewall
2 11 (3.29%) DNS
3 9 (2.69%) HTTP
3 9 (2.69%) Skype
3 9 (2.69%) SSL
4 8 (2.40%) TCP/IP
5 7 (2.10%) DHCP
5 7 (2.10%) VPN
6 4 (1.20%) FTP
6 4 (1.20%) Internet
7 3 (0.90%) Network Security
8 2 (0.60%) IPsec
8 2 (0.60%) SMTP
8 2 (0.60%) SSH
8 2 (0.60%) X.509
9 1 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 151 (45.21%) Amazon RDS
2 75 (22.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 61 (18.26%) Amazon Redshift
4 48 (14.37%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (5.69%) NoSQL
6 16 (4.79%) Big Data
7 15 (4.49%) MongoDB
8 13 (3.89%) MySQL
9 10 (2.99%) Amazon Aurora
9 10 (2.99%) Relational Database
10 9 (2.69%) Cosmos DB
10 9 (2.69%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (2.40%) ArangoDB
11 8 (2.40%) Data Lake
11 8 (2.40%) Hadoop
11 8 (2.40%) Oracle Database
12 6 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
12 6 (1.80%) Apache Ignite
12 6 (1.80%) Oracle Database 12c
12 6 (1.80%) Redis
Development Applications
1 140 (41.92%) Jenkins
2 62 (18.56%) Artifactory
3 45 (13.47%) Git (software)
4 37 (11.08%) RStudio
5 24 (7.19%) GitLab
5 24 (7.19%) JIRA
6 23 (6.89%) Maven
7 19 (5.69%) SonarQube
8 16 (4.79%) JUnit
8 16 (4.79%) Mockito
9 15 (4.49%) DbUnit
9 15 (4.49%) jMock
10 13 (3.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 12 (3.59%) Bitbucket
12 6 (1.80%) Spinnaker
13 5 (1.50%) Terragrunt
13 5 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 4 (1.20%) Subversion
15 3 (0.90%) Cucumber
15 3 (0.90%) Selenium
General
1 130 (38.92%) Finance
2 106 (31.74%) Front Office
3 38 (11.38%) Banking
4 36 (10.78%) Public Sector
5 27 (8.08%) Investment Banking
6 4 (1.20%) Games
7 2 (0.60%) Legal
7 2 (0.60%) Marketing
7 2 (0.60%) Retail
8 1 (0.30%) Billing
8 1 (0.30%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 122 (36.53%) Developer
2 101 (30.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 98 (29.34%) AWS Engineer
4 73 (21.86%) AWS DevOps
5 64 (19.16%) Python Engineer
6 62 (18.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 54 (16.17%) Software Engineer
8 53 (15.87%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 52 (15.57%) Python Developer
10 45 (13.47%) Java Developer
11 34 (10.18%) Cloud Engineer
12 33 (9.88%) AWS Developer
13 31 (9.28%) Python Software Engineer
14 29 (8.68%) JavaScript Developer
15 28 (8.38%) JavaScript Engineer
16 26 (7.78%) Java Software Developer
17 23 (6.89%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 22 (6.59%) Lead Developer
18 22 (6.59%) Lead Java Developer
18 22 (6.59%) Lead Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 141 (42.22%) Web Services
2 61 (18.26%) React
3 57 (17.07%) AngularJS
4 56 (16.77%) J2EE
5 52 (15.57%) Vue.js
6 44 (13.17%) J2SE
7 32 (9.58%) REST
8 26 (7.78%) RESTful
9 24 (7.19%) SOAP
10 23 (6.89%) Kafka
11 22 (6.59%) .NET
11 22 (6.59%) Elastic Stack
11 22 (6.59%) Spring
12 15 (4.49%) PowerMock
13 14 (4.19%) GraphQL
14 12 (3.59%) Node.js
15 11 (3.29%) Apache Camel
16 10 (2.99%) Hibernate
17 9 (2.69%) XML
18 8 (2.40%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 106 (31.74%) Fixed Income
2 102 (30.54%) Derivative
2 102 (30.54%) Equities
3 52 (15.57%) Hedge funds
4 50 (14.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 19 (5.69%) Cloud Native
6 16 (4.79%) Public Cloud
7 14 (4.19%) Linux Command Line
8 10 (2.99%) PKI
9 6 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.50%) Data Structures
10 5 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (1.20%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.90%) Analytical Skills
12 3 (0.90%) Cyberattack
12 3 (0.90%) Data Centre
12 3 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
12 3 (0.90%) Replication
12 3 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
13 1 (0.30%) BYOD
Operating Systems
1 104 (31.14%) Linux
2 28 (8.38%) Windows
3 24 (7.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 18 (5.39%) Unix
5 12 (3.59%) CentOS
6 11 (3.29%) Ubuntu
7 7 (2.10%) Debian
8 4 (1.20%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.90%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.90%) Windows Server 2016
9 3 (0.90%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (0.60%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.60%) VMS
11 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.30%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (56.89%) Agile Software Development
2 173 (51.80%) DevOps
3 125 (37.43%) Software Engineering
4 106 (31.74%) Asset Management
5 67 (20.06%) Deployment Automation
6 57 (17.07%) Microservices
7 56 (16.77%) Decision-Making
8 52 (15.57%) Continuous Integration
9 51 (15.27%) Infrastructure as Code
10 46 (13.77%) Infrastructure Automation
11 38 (11.38%) Scrum
12 34 (10.18%) Continuous Delivery
13 32 (9.58%) Migration
14 27 (8.08%) Investment Management
15 24 (7.19%) BDD
15 24 (7.19%) TDD
16 22 (6.59%) Kanban
16 22 (6.59%) Test Automation
17 21 (6.29%) Configuration Management
18 20 (5.99%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 199 (59.58%) Python
2 168 (50.30%) Java
3 89 (26.65%) SQL
4 81 (24.25%) JavaScript
5 50 (14.97%) Kotlin
6 47 (14.07%) Bash Shell
7 37 (11.08%) R
8 29 (8.68%) TypeScript
9 17 (5.09%) PowerShell
9 17 (5.09%) Ruby
10 16 (4.79%) C#
11 14 (4.19%) Java 8
11 14 (4.19%) Scala
12 12 (3.59%) PHP
13 9 (2.69%) Go
13 9 (2.69%) Groovy
14 6 (1.80%) Clojure
15 5 (1.50%) T-SQL
16 4 (1.20%) Perl
17 3 (0.90%) C++
Qualifications
1 56 (16.77%) Security Cleared
2 49 (14.67%) SC Cleared
3 23 (6.89%) AWS Certification
4 10 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (2.99%) Degree
5 8 (2.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (2.40%) Master's Degree
6 7 (2.10%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.90%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.90%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.60%) CESG Certified Professional
8 2 (0.60%) CISM
8 2 (0.60%) CISSP
8 2 (0.60%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.40%) NCSC
2 6 (1.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (1.20%) QA
4 3 (0.90%) SLA
5 2 (0.60%) GDPR
6 1 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 135 (40.42%) Docker
2 17 (5.09%) Active Directory
3 11 (3.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (2.69%) vSphere
5 5 (1.50%) Postfix
6 4 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.90%) Gluster
8 2 (0.60%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.60%) OpenDJ
8 2 (0.60%) Xen
9 1 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.30%) UAG
9 1 (0.30%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.30%) VMware Workstation
9 1 (0.30%) XenApp
9 1 (0.30%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 150 (44.91%) Terraform
2 132 (39.52%) Kubernetes
3 67 (20.06%) Ansible
4 39 (11.68%) Puppet
5 27 (8.08%) Packer
6 21 (6.29%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (5.39%) Grafana
8 14 (4.19%) Prometheus
9 13 (3.89%) Kibana
10 11 (3.29%) Consul
11 7 (2.10%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (1.80%) PingFederate
13 4 (1.20%) Microsoft Intune
13 4 (1.20%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 3 (0.90%) Red Hat Satellite
15 2 (0.60%) Graphite
15 2 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
15 2 (0.60%) Rundeck
16 1 (0.30%) HAProxy
16 1 (0.30%) Mesos
Vendors
1 18 (5.39%) Oracle
2 14 (4.19%) VMware
3 13 (3.89%) Splunk
4 10 (2.99%) Microsoft
4 10 (2.99%) Red Hat
5 9 (2.69%) Google
6 7 (2.10%) Zscaler
7 6 (1.80%) MuleSoft
7 6 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (1.80%) Tableau
8 5 (1.50%) Dynatrace
8 5 (1.50%) NetIQ
8 5 (1.50%) SAP
9 4 (1.20%) Cloudera
9 4 (1.20%) ForgeRock
9 4 (1.20%) Talend
10 3 (0.90%) Citrix
10 3 (0.90%) CloudEndure
10 3 (0.90%) Informatica
11 2 (0.60%) Adobe