Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 363 242 285
Rank change year-on-year -121 +43 +67
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 487 403 912
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.69% 1.07% 0.99%
As % of the Cloud Services category 1.94% 3.50% 3.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 374 335 573
10th Percentile £425 £425 £413
25th Percentile £463 £500 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £600 £638 £613
90th Percentile £700 £738 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £525 £495
% change year-on-year -4.76% +6.06% -1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
Median hourly rate - - £31.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,089 11,504 26,424
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.32% 30.66% 28.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,985 8,127 18,364
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
25th Percentile £419 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £517 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +3.40% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £577
90th Percentile £688 £679 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 164 324
10th Percentile £12.18 £13.25 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.44 £15.25
Median hourly rate £21.03 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.13% -2.44% +17.14%
75th Percentile £44.44 £35.19 £36.00
90th Percentile £65.48 £54.63 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £19.69 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.50% -1.55% +17.65%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -108 410 £525 -4.55% 210
London -89 273 £525 -4.55% 88
Work from Home -139 162 £513 +2.50% 47
UK excluding London -96 136 £500 -4.76% 135
North of England -61 44 £505 -15.83% 57
North West -16 27 £500 +18.34% 38
South West -18 23 £498 -5.14% 9
Scotland -54 22 £500 - 6
Midlands -20 21 £475 +11.76% 20
West Midlands - 20 £475 - 15
South East -48 17 £560 +11.55% 18
Yorkshire -40 11 £525 -16.00% 14
East of England -12 10 £450 +7.46% 15
North East -15 6 £494 -43.57% 5
East Midlands -13 1 £586 +37.88% 4

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 475 (97.54%) AWS
2 281 (57.70%) Amazon S3
3 255 (52.36%) Serverless
4 251 (51.54%) AWS Lambda
5 236 (48.46%) Python
6 206 (42.30%) DevOps
7 187 (38.40%) Agile Software Development
8 179 (36.76%) Java
9 155 (31.83%) Terraform
10 148 (30.39%) Docker
11 132 (27.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 120 (24.64%) Amazon ECS
13 119 (24.44%) Linux
14 116 (23.82%) Amazon RDS
15 111 (22.79%) Jenkins
16 108 (22.18%) SQL
17 101 (20.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 98 (20.12%) Route 53
19 93 (19.10%) Ansible
20 90 (18.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
21 88 (18.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
22 87 (17.86%) Web Services
22 87 (17.86%) Kubernetes
23 86 (17.66%) Amazon SQS
24 84 (17.25%) Git (software)
25 83 (17.04%) Amazon EKS
25 83 (17.04%) Social Skills
26 81 (16.63%) Microservices
27 78 (16.02%) Software Engineering
28 75 (15.40%) Infrastructure as Code

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (9.24%) Elasticsearch
2 41 (8.42%) Apache Spark
3 30 (6.16%) Confluence
4 24 (4.93%) Apache
4 24 (4.93%) Apache Airflow
5 14 (2.87%) nginx
6 13 (2.67%) Tomcat
7 9 (1.85%) IIS
7 9 (1.85%) Luigi
8 7 (1.44%) Jetty
8 7 (1.44%) Mongrel
8 7 (1.44%) SharePoint
8 7 (1.44%) WebSphere
9 6 (1.23%) Oracle Workflow
10 5 (1.03%) Apache Pig
11 4 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.82%) CMS
11 4 (0.82%) Drupal
11 4 (0.82%) SAS
12 3 (0.62%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 5 (1.03%) Spreadsheet
2 2 (0.41%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.41%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 475 (97.54%) AWS
2 281 (57.70%) Amazon S3
3 255 (52.36%) Serverless
4 251 (51.54%) AWS Lambda
5 132 (27.10%) AWS CloudFormation
6 120 (24.64%) Amazon ECS
7 101 (20.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 98 (20.12%) Route 53
9 90 (18.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 86 (17.66%) Amazon SQS
11 83 (17.04%) Amazon EKS
12 70 (14.37%) Azure
13 51 (10.47%) Amazon EMR
14 45 (9.24%) GCP
14 45 (9.24%) GitHub
15 40 (8.21%) Amazon ELB
16 31 (6.37%) AWS CodePipeline
17 29 (5.95%) IaaS
18 27 (5.54%) CloudFront
19 26 (5.34%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 41 (8.42%) DNS
2 22 (4.52%) SSL
3 19 (3.90%) HTTP
4 18 (3.70%) TCP/IP
5 15 (3.08%) DHCP
5 15 (3.08%) Firewall
6 12 (2.46%) Internet
7 10 (2.05%) VPN
8 8 (1.64%) IPsec
8 8 (1.64%) Network Security
8 8 (1.64%) VoIP
9 7 (1.44%) FTP
10 3 (0.62%) 5G
10 3 (0.62%) BGP
10 3 (0.62%) DSL
10 3 (0.62%) OSPF
10 3 (0.62%) Wireless
11 2 (0.41%) Remote Desktop
11 2 (0.41%) RTP
11 2 (0.41%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (23.82%) Amazon RDS
2 88 (18.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 57 (11.70%) PostgreSQL
4 41 (8.42%) Amazon Redshift
5 36 (7.39%) SQL Server
6 35 (7.19%) Hadoop
7 32 (6.57%) NoSQL
8 30 (6.16%) MySQL
9 29 (5.95%) Big Data
10 27 (5.54%) Relational Database
11 26 (5.34%) Amazon Athena
11 26 (5.34%) Data Warehouse
12 19 (3.90%) Oracle Database
13 17 (3.49%) MongoDB
14 14 (2.87%) Metadata
15 12 (2.46%) RDBMS
15 12 (2.46%) Tableau
16 11 (2.26%) BigQuery
17 9 (1.85%) Amazon Aurora
17 9 (1.85%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 111 (22.79%) Jenkins
2 84 (17.25%) Git (software)
3 47 (9.65%) JIRA
4 42 (8.62%) GitLab
5 26 (5.34%) JUnit
6 22 (4.52%) Maven
7 17 (3.49%) Cucumber
8 16 (3.29%) Artifactory
8 16 (3.29%) Bitbucket
8 16 (3.29%) webpack
9 14 (2.87%) Mockito
10 13 (2.67%) Selenium
11 12 (2.46%) SonarQube
11 12 (2.46%) Visual Studio
12 11 (2.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 11 (2.26%) Travis CI
13 10 (2.05%) CircleCI
14 5 (1.03%) Cypress.io
14 5 (1.03%) Oracle APEX
15 4 (0.82%) DbUnit
General
1 83 (17.04%) Social Skills
2 71 (14.58%) Finance
3 40 (8.21%) Public Sector
4 31 (6.37%) Front Office
5 15 (3.08%) Law
6 11 (2.26%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (1.64%) Influencing Skills
8 6 (1.23%) Retail
9 4 (0.82%) Avionics
9 4 (0.82%) Banking
10 3 (0.62%) Billing
10 3 (0.62%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.62%) Legal
10 3 (0.62%) Presentation Skills
11 2 (0.41%) Games
12 1 (0.21%) Hebrew Language
12 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 166 (34.09%) AWS Engineer
2 126 (25.87%) Developer
3 118 (24.23%) DevOps Engineer
4 70 (14.37%) AWS DevOps
5 67 (13.76%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 57 (11.70%) Software Engineer
7 56 (11.50%) Python Engineer
8 45 (9.24%) Java Developer
9 42 (8.62%) Python Developer
10 41 (8.42%) Python Software Engineer
11 40 (8.21%) Data Engineer
12 39 (8.01%) Platform Engineer
13 38 (7.80%) AWS Developer
14 36 (7.39%) Cloud Engineer
15 35 (7.19%) Architect
16 31 (6.37%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 27 (5.54%) JavaScript Developer
18 23 (4.72%) AWS Architect
19 22 (4.52%) JavaScript Engineer
20 18 (3.70%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (17.86%) Web Services
2 69 (14.17%) React
3 53 (10.88%) AngularJS
4 46 (9.45%) Spring
5 41 (8.42%) .NET
6 37 (7.60%) RESTful
7 34 (6.98%) REST
8 33 (6.78%) Node.js
9 31 (6.37%) JSON
9 31 (6.37%) Vue.js
10 30 (6.16%) Kafka
11 27 (5.54%) CSS
12 25 (5.13%) Elastic Stack
13 23 (4.72%) Spring Boot
14 16 (3.29%) GraphQL
15 15 (3.08%) gRPC
15 15 (3.08%) SOAP
16 14 (2.87%) YAML
17 12 (2.46%) HTML
17 12 (2.46%) LitElement
Miscellaneous
1 31 (6.37%) Derivative
1 31 (6.37%) Equities
1 31 (6.37%) Fixed Income
1 31 (6.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 15 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
2 15 (3.08%) Public Cloud
3 14 (2.87%) Management Information System
4 13 (2.67%) Cloud Native
4 13 (2.67%) Data Protection Act
4 13 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
4 13 (2.67%) PKI
5 10 (2.05%) Legacy Applications
6 9 (1.85%) Data Centre
6 9 (1.85%) Data Structures
6 9 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
7 7 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (1.23%) Life Science
8 6 (1.23%) NHS
9 5 (1.03%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 5 (1.03%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 119 (24.44%) Linux
2 56 (11.50%) Windows
3 22 (4.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 20 (4.11%) Ubuntu
5 16 (3.29%) Windows Server
6 15 (3.08%) Unix
7 7 (1.44%) CentOS
8 6 (1.23%) VMS
9 4 (0.82%) Alpine Linux
9 4 (0.82%) Debian
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.21%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.21%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.21%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.21%) SUSE
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (42.30%) DevOps
2 187 (38.40%) Agile Software Development
3 81 (16.63%) Microservices
4 78 (16.02%) Software Engineering
5 75 (15.40%) Infrastructure as Code
6 50 (10.27%) Analytics
7 43 (8.83%) Migration
8 42 (8.62%) Continuous Integration
9 35 (7.19%) Asset Management
9 35 (7.19%) Scrum
10 34 (6.98%) ETL
10 34 (6.98%) Test Automation
11 32 (6.57%) Open Source
12 31 (6.37%) TDD
13 28 (5.75%) Configuration Management
13 28 (5.75%) Data Pipeline
14 25 (5.13%) Auto-Scaling
15 22 (4.52%) Data Engineering
15 22 (4.52%) Kanban
16 21 (4.31%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 236 (48.46%) Python
2 179 (36.76%) Java
3 108 (22.18%) SQL
4 73 (14.99%) JavaScript
5 42 (8.62%) TypeScript
6 41 (8.42%) Bash Shell
7 35 (7.19%) PowerShell
8 33 (6.78%) Kotlin
9 26 (5.34%) C#
10 23 (4.72%) Scala
11 16 (3.29%) PHP
12 15 (3.08%) C++
12 15 (3.08%) Java 8
13 14 (2.87%) Shell Script
14 13 (2.67%) Groovy
15 11 (2.26%) Go
16 9 (1.85%) Perl
17 6 (1.23%) PL/SQL
17 6 (1.23%) Ruby
17 6 (1.23%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 58 (11.91%) Security Cleared
2 56 (11.50%) SC Cleared
3 37 (7.60%) AWS Certification
4 30 (6.16%) Degree
5 17 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (1.44%) CISSP
7 6 (1.23%) OCP
7 6 (1.23%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.82%) CISA
9 3 (0.62%) CISM
9 3 (0.62%) CRISC
9 3 (0.62%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.21%) CCNP
10 1 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.21%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.21%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (5.13%) QA
2 15 (3.08%) Data Quality
3 8 (1.64%) PCI DSS
4 6 (1.23%) SLA
5 4 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.62%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.62%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 2 (0.41%) GDPR
8 1 (0.21%) Accessibility
System Software
1 148 (30.39%) Docker
2 29 (5.95%) Active Directory
2 29 (5.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (1.44%) Xen
4 3 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.62%) Postfix
4 3 (0.62%) Virtual Desktop
4 3 (0.62%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.62%) vSphere
5 2 (0.41%) HDFS
5 2 (0.41%) Kamailio
5 2 (0.41%) Squid
5 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.21%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.21%) GlusterFS
6 1 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 155 (31.83%) Terraform
2 93 (19.10%) Ansible
3 87 (17.86%) Kubernetes
4 49 (10.06%) Puppet
5 29 (5.95%) Prometheus
6 28 (5.75%) Opscode Chef
7 26 (5.34%) Grafana
8 17 (3.49%) Kibana
9 16 (3.29%) Packer
10 4 (0.82%) logstash
10 4 (0.82%) Nagios
11 3 (0.62%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 3 (0.62%) Istio
11 3 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.62%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.41%) Kustomize
12 2 (0.41%) Oozie
12 2 (0.41%) Sysdig
12 2 (0.41%) vRealize
Vendors
1 38 (7.80%) Oracle
2 32 (6.57%) VMware
3 28 (5.75%) Microsoft
4 27 (5.54%) Google
5 20 (4.11%) Splunk
6 15 (3.08%) Atlassian
6 15 (3.08%) New Relic
7 12 (2.46%) Red Hat
7 12 (2.46%) SolarWinds
8 11 (2.26%) SAP
9 10 (2.05%) CA
10 9 (1.85%) Cloudera
10 9 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (1.44%) Informatica
12 6 (1.23%) WSO2
13 5 (1.03%) AppDynamics
13 5 (1.03%) MuleSoft
14 4 (0.82%) Confluent
14 4 (0.82%) Databricks
14 4 (0.82%) Palo Alto