Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 303 231 293
Rank change year-on-year -72 +62 -7
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 718 374 747
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.17% 0.89%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.38% 3.70% 3.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 547 289 500
10th Percentile £425 £404 £413
25th Percentile £463 £459 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £638 £613 £613
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £473 £495
% change year-on-year +5.82% -4.55% +1.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 1
Median hourly rate £61.00 £40.00 £16.00
Median % change year-on-year +52.50% +150.00% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £16.00

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 30,212 10,109 24,588
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.62% 31.74% 29.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,793 7,087 17,174
10th Percentile £325 £310 £288
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £495
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 472 149 367
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.20 £13.65
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.25 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.92 £21.86 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -4.29% +6.63% +17.14%
75th Percentile £46.50 £40.00 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.50 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.33 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -8.35% - +14.29%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -80 593 £550 - 177
London -102 375 £563 +2.27% 95
Work from Home -87 249 £563 +8.17% 52
UK excluding London -69 203 £500 +5.82% 100
North of England -44 73 £525 +11.11% 24
North West -36 35 £580 +42.33% 17
South West -29 30 £498 -0.40% 14
Midlands -51 28 £475 +1.60% 16
South East -83 27 £575 +15.00% 14
West Midlands -46 23 £475 +5.56% 7
Scotland -79 23 £500 +14.94% 10
East of England -47 22 £488 +16.42% 14
North East 0 19 £500 +5.26% 4
Yorkshire -34 19 £475 -7.32% 3
East Midlands -41 3 £586 +25.35% 9
Wales - 2 £494 - 7

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 681 (94.85%) AWS
2 399 (55.57%) Amazon S3
3 333 (46.38%) DevOps
4 325 (45.26%) Serverless
5 314 (43.73%) Python
6 310 (43.18%) Terraform
7 308 (42.90%) AWS Lambda
8 282 (39.28%) Agile Software Development
9 244 (33.98%) Java
10 197 (27.44%) Amazon RDS
11 194 (27.02%) Docker
12 183 (25.49%) Linux
13 178 (24.79%) AWS CloudFormation
13 178 (24.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 165 (22.98%) Amazon ECS
15 150 (20.89%) Route 53
16 144 (20.06%) Jenkins
17 142 (19.78%) Web Services
18 140 (19.50%) Ansible
19 137 (19.08%) SQL
20 129 (17.97%) Finance
21 126 (17.55%) Git (software)
22 125 (17.41%) Kubernetes
23 123 (17.13%) JavaScript
24 120 (16.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
24 120 (16.71%) Amazon EKS
25 118 (16.43%) Azure
26 117 (16.30%) Infrastructure as Code
27 114 (15.88%) Microservices
28 113 (15.74%) Social Skills

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (10.58%) Elasticsearch
2 70 (9.75%) Apache Spark
3 48 (6.69%) Apache Airflow
4 47 (6.55%) Apache
5 30 (4.18%) Confluence
6 17 (2.37%) Tomcat
7 16 (2.23%) nginx
8 14 (1.95%) WebLogic
9 9 (1.25%) Apache Pig
9 9 (1.25%) Luigi
10 8 (1.11%) Traefik
11 6 (0.84%) CMS
11 6 (0.84%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.70%) Apache Solr
12 5 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.70%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.56%) Drupal
13 4 (0.56%) JBoss
14 3 (0.42%) Moodle
14 3 (0.42%) Mule
Applications
1 7 (0.97%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.70%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.28%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (0.56%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.28%) Cloudability
3 1 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 681 (94.85%) AWS
2 399 (55.57%) Amazon S3
3 325 (45.26%) Serverless
4 308 (42.90%) AWS Lambda
5 178 (24.79%) AWS CloudFormation
5 178 (24.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 165 (22.98%) Amazon ECS
7 150 (20.89%) Route 53
8 120 (16.71%) Amazon EKS
9 118 (16.43%) Azure
10 109 (15.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 89 (12.40%) Amazon EMR
12 84 (11.70%) Amazon SQS
13 55 (7.66%) Amazon ELB
14 47 (6.55%) GitHub
15 46 (6.41%) GCP
16 41 (5.71%) IaaS
17 40 (5.57%) PaaS
18 36 (5.01%) AWS CloudTrail
19 28 (3.90%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 78 (10.86%) DNS
2 28 (3.90%) TCP/IP
3 27 (3.76%) Firewall
4 25 (3.48%) SSL
5 21 (2.92%) Network Security
5 21 (2.92%) VPN
6 16 (2.23%) HTTP
7 15 (2.09%) DHCP
8 8 (1.11%) VoIP
9 7 (0.97%) FTP
10 6 (0.84%) tcpdump
11 4 (0.56%) Internet
11 4 (0.56%) iSCSI
11 4 (0.56%) Kerberos
11 4 (0.56%) Wireshark
12 3 (0.42%) BGP
12 3 (0.42%) DSL
12 3 (0.42%) IPsec
12 3 (0.42%) OSPF
12 3 (0.42%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (27.44%) Amazon RDS
2 120 (16.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 68 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
4 57 (7.94%) Hadoop
5 48 (6.69%) Amazon Redshift
6 42 (5.85%) MySQL
7 41 (5.71%) Amazon Athena
8 36 (5.01%) SQL Server
9 33 (4.60%) Data Warehouse
10 31 (4.32%) Oracle Database
11 30 (4.18%) Relational Database
12 26 (3.62%) Data Lake
12 26 (3.62%) NoSQL
13 25 (3.48%) Big Data
14 23 (3.20%) Apache Ignite
15 17 (2.37%) MongoDB
15 17 (2.37%) Tableau
16 14 (1.95%) Power BI
17 13 (1.81%) Pentaho
18 12 (1.67%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 144 (20.06%) Jenkins
2 126 (17.55%) Git (software)
3 76 (10.58%) GitLab
4 57 (7.94%) JIRA
5 24 (3.34%) JUnit
5 24 (3.34%) Maven
6 23 (3.20%) Bitbucket
7 22 (3.06%) CircleCI
7 22 (3.06%) webpack
8 18 (2.51%) Artifactory
9 17 (2.37%) TeamCity
10 16 (2.23%) Cucumber
11 14 (1.95%) Mockito
11 14 (1.95%) Selenium
11 14 (1.95%) SonarQube
12 13 (1.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 13 (1.81%) Mocha
13 11 (1.53%) Octopus Deploy
13 11 (1.53%) Visual Studio
14 10 (1.39%) Jasmine
General
1 129 (17.97%) Finance
2 113 (15.74%) Social Skills
3 62 (8.64%) Public Sector
4 58 (8.08%) Front Office
5 21 (2.92%) Law
6 15 (2.09%) Banking
7 14 (1.95%) Analytical Skills
7 14 (1.95%) Retail
8 13 (1.81%) Billing
8 13 (1.81%) Financial Institution
9 7 (0.97%) Influencing Skills
9 7 (0.97%) Legal
10 5 (0.70%) Presentation Skills
10 5 (0.70%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.56%) Avionics
11 4 (0.56%) Back Office
11 4 (0.56%) Games
12 2 (0.28%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.28%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.14%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 232 (32.31%) AWS Engineer
2 198 (27.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 180 (25.07%) Developer
4 116 (16.16%) AWS DevOps
5 107 (14.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 79 (11.00%) Python Engineer
7 78 (10.86%) Software Engineer
8 68 (9.47%) Architect
9 64 (8.91%) Python Developer
10 63 (8.77%) Python Software Engineer
11 59 (8.22%) AWS Developer
12 58 (8.08%) Platform Engineer
13 54 (7.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 46 (6.41%) Java Developer
15 43 (5.99%) Data Engineer
16 42 (5.85%) AWS Architect
17 39 (5.43%) Cloud Engineer
18 33 (4.60%) JavaScript Developer
19 32 (4.46%) JavaScript Engineer
20 31 (4.32%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 142 (19.78%) Web Services
2 106 (14.76%) React
3 97 (13.51%) AngularJS
4 60 (8.36%) Node.js
5 57 (7.94%) Vue.js
6 54 (7.52%) Spring
7 50 (6.96%) REST
8 49 (6.82%) .NET
9 44 (6.13%) RESTful
10 42 (5.85%) CSS
11 40 (5.57%) Kafka
12 29 (4.04%) JSON
13 27 (3.76%) SOAP
14 26 (3.62%) Elastic Stack
15 24 (3.34%) HTML
15 24 (3.34%) Spring Boot
16 23 (3.20%) .NET Core
17 20 (2.79%) gRPC
18 19 (2.65%) GraphQL
19 16 (2.23%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 55 (7.66%) Equities
1 55 (7.66%) Fixed Income
1 55 (7.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 54 (7.52%) Derivative
3 33 (4.60%) Cloud Native
3 33 (4.60%) PKI
4 24 (3.34%) Data Protection Act
5 19 (2.65%) Data Centre
5 19 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
6 16 (2.23%) Linux Command Line
7 15 (2.09%) Management Information System
8 14 (1.95%) Public Cloud
9 13 (1.81%) Clustering
9 13 (1.81%) Legacy Applications
10 11 (1.53%) Life Science
11 9 (1.25%) User Experience
12 8 (1.11%) Virtual Team
13 7 (0.97%) Data Structures
13 7 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (0.97%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 183 (25.49%) Linux
2 76 (10.58%) Windows
3 39 (5.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 31 (4.32%) Unix
5 27 (3.76%) Windows Server
6 22 (3.06%) CentOS
7 21 (2.92%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.97%) VMS
9 6 (0.84%) Debian
10 5 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.42%) Alpine Linux
11 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 333 (46.38%) DevOps
2 282 (39.28%) Agile Software Development
3 117 (16.30%) Infrastructure as Code
4 114 (15.88%) Microservices
5 112 (15.60%) Software Engineering
6 91 (12.67%) Full Stack Development
7 76 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
8 73 (10.17%) Migration
9 63 (8.77%) Asset Management
10 56 (7.80%) Analytics
11 44 (6.13%) Configuration Management
12 43 (5.99%) Scrum
13 41 (5.71%) Unit Testing
14 40 (5.57%) TDD
15 38 (5.29%) Continuous Deployment
16 37 (5.15%) Test Automation
17 34 (4.74%) ETL
17 34 (4.74%) Problem-Solving
18 33 (4.60%) Data Protection
18 33 (4.60%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 314 (43.73%) Python
2 244 (33.98%) Java
3 137 (19.08%) SQL
4 123 (17.13%) JavaScript
5 83 (11.56%) Bash Shell
6 75 (10.45%) TypeScript
7 69 (9.61%) PowerShell
8 56 (7.80%) Kotlin
9 42 (5.85%) C#
10 27 (3.76%) Go
11 25 (3.48%) PHP
11 25 (3.48%) Ruby
12 22 (3.06%) Scala
13 21 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 18 (2.51%) Perl
15 12 (1.67%) Java 8
15 12 (1.67%) T-SQL
16 10 (1.39%) C++
16 10 (1.39%) Java 11
17 9 (1.25%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 76 (10.58%) Security Cleared
2 71 (9.89%) SC Cleared
3 42 (5.85%) AWS Certification
4 32 (4.46%) Degree
5 17 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.39%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.84%) CISSP
8 3 (0.42%) CISA
8 3 (0.42%) CRISC
8 3 (0.42%) OCP
8 3 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
9 2 (0.28%) MCTS
9 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.14%) CCNP
10 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) HND
10 1 (0.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (4.74%) QA
2 19 (2.65%) Data Quality
3 17 (2.37%) SLA
4 8 (1.11%) NCSC
5 7 (0.97%) GDPR
6 3 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.42%) NIST
6 3 (0.42%) NIST 800
6 3 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.28%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.14%) IFRS
8 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 194 (27.02%) Docker
2 60 (8.36%) Active Directory
3 42 (5.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (1.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (1.11%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.70%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.70%) Xen
7 3 (0.42%) Postfix
7 3 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.42%) vSphere
8 2 (0.28%) Squid
8 2 (0.28%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.14%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 310 (43.18%) Terraform
2 140 (19.50%) Ansible
3 125 (17.41%) Kubernetes
4 70 (9.75%) Prometheus
5 51 (7.10%) Puppet
6 32 (4.46%) Opscode Chef
7 29 (4.04%) Grafana
8 25 (3.48%) Packer
9 17 (2.37%) Kibana
10 12 (1.67%) ZABBIX
11 11 (1.53%) Istio
12 9 (1.25%) Consul
12 9 (1.25%) HAProxy
13 8 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (1.11%) Graphite
13 8 (1.11%) linkerd
14 7 (0.97%) logstash
15 6 (0.84%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 4 (0.56%) Salt
16 4 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 54 (7.52%) Oracle
2 51 (7.10%) Splunk
3 48 (6.69%) VMware
4 38 (5.29%) Microsoft
5 25 (3.48%) Google
6 21 (2.92%) Red Hat
7 15 (2.09%) Atlassian
8 14 (1.95%) SAP
9 13 (1.81%) CA
9 13 (1.81%) PagerDuty
9 13 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
10 11 (1.53%) Cloudera
11 9 (1.25%) MuleSoft
11 9 (1.25%) New Relic
11 9 (1.25%) SolarWinds
12 8 (1.11%) AppDynamics
12 8 (1.11%) Databricks
12 8 (1.11%) Informatica
13 6 (0.84%) IBM
13 6 (0.84%) WSO2