Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 240 281 282
Rank change year-on-year +41 +1 +77
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 425 647 907
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.02% 0.90% 0.93%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.07% 3.01% 3.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 432 485 701
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £420 £413
90th Percentile £668 £688 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £471 £525 £488
% change year-on-year -10.24% +7.69% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 0
Median hourly rate £40.00 £16.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +150.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £16.00 -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,858 21,512 24,766
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.23% 29.76% 25.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,819 14,994 17,406
Median daily rate £500 £495 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% - +4.21%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £300
90th Percentile £650 £669 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 264 331 290
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.25 £11.23
90th Percentile £60.00 £71.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.11% +5.73% +2.93%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 328 £538 -2.27% 100
London +77 246 £550 -2.22% 43
Work from Home -87 131 £525 -4.55% 28
UK excluding London -1 113 £471 -10.24% 63
Scotland +13 36 £430 -21.82% 3
North of England +10 34 £495 -1.00% 26
North West +1 24 £495 +4.21% 20
South East +112 14 £500 -16.67% 4
East of England +60 14 £450 -26.53% 7
Midlands +1 11 £468 -6.50% 11
East Midlands +40 6 £468 -1.58% 4
North East +32 6 £463 -33.93% 1
West Midlands -19 5 £406 -18.75% 7
South West +64 4 £650 +30.00% 9
Yorkshire +29 3 £525 +3.96% 5

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 414 (97.41%) AWS
2 272 (64.00%) Amazon S3
3 254 (59.76%) Python
4 232 (54.59%) Serverless
5 221 (52.00%) AWS Lambda
6 203 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
7 192 (45.18%) DevOps
8 146 (34.35%) Java
9 142 (33.41%) Amazon RDS
10 136 (32.00%) Linux
11 131 (30.82%) Jenkins
12 127 (29.88%) Web Services
13 124 (29.18%) Terraform
14 121 (28.47%) SQL
15 116 (27.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 115 (27.06%) Finance
17 110 (25.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 107 (25.18%) Kubernetes
19 105 (24.71%) AWS CloudFormation
20 104 (24.47%) JavaScript
21 103 (24.24%) Docker
22 94 (22.12%) Software Engineering
23 92 (21.65%) Front Office
24 91 (21.41%) Ansible
24 91 (21.41%) React
25 88 (20.71%) AngularJS
26 87 (20.47%) Derivative
26 87 (20.47%) Equities
26 87 (20.47%) Fixed Income
26 87 (20.47%) Asset Management

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (8.24%) Apache
2 25 (5.88%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (5.41%) Confluence
4 20 (4.71%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.88%) SAS
6 7 (1.65%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.41%) Apache Airflow
7 6 (1.41%) nginx
8 5 (1.18%) Drupal
9 4 (0.94%) Jupyter
10 3 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.71%) IIS
10 3 (0.71%) WordPress
11 2 (0.47%) CMS
11 2 (0.47%) JBoss
11 2 (0.47%) Jetty
11 2 (0.47%) Mongrel
11 2 (0.47%) SharePoint
11 2 (0.47%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.47%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.24%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.71%) Magento
2 1 (0.24%) Exstream
2 1 (0.24%) Finacle
2 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 414 (97.41%) AWS
2 272 (64.00%) Amazon S3
3 232 (54.59%) Serverless
4 221 (52.00%) AWS Lambda
5 110 (25.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 105 (24.71%) AWS CloudFormation
7 75 (17.65%) Amazon ECS
8 59 (13.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 56 (13.18%) Route 53
10 54 (12.71%) Azure
11 53 (12.47%) Amazon EKS
12 47 (11.06%) Amazon SQS
13 35 (8.24%) Amazon ELB
14 30 (7.06%) GCP
15 28 (6.59%) CloudFront
15 28 (6.59%) GitHub
16 26 (6.12%) Amazon EMR
17 25 (5.88%) OpenShift
18 24 (5.65%) Amazon Kinesis
19 23 (5.41%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 31 (7.29%) SSL
2 26 (6.12%) HTTP
3 22 (5.18%) TCP/IP
4 20 (4.71%) Firewall
5 16 (3.76%) DNS
6 14 (3.29%) Network Security
7 13 (3.06%) VPN
8 10 (2.35%) Internet
9 6 (1.41%) DHCP
10 4 (0.94%) Cisco ASA
10 4 (0.94%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 4 (0.94%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 4 (0.94%) FTP
10 4 (0.94%) SSH
10 4 (0.94%) WAN
11 3 (0.71%) Intrusion Detection
12 2 (0.47%) DMZ
12 2 (0.47%) IPsec
12 2 (0.47%) Skype
12 2 (0.47%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 142 (33.41%) Amazon RDS
2 116 (27.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 43 (10.12%) Amazon Redshift
4 37 (8.71%) MySQL
5 36 (8.47%) PostgreSQL
6 28 (6.59%) Amazon Aurora
7 23 (5.41%) NoSQL
8 22 (5.18%) Amazon Athena
8 22 (5.18%) Apache Ignite
8 22 (5.18%) MongoDB
9 20 (4.71%) Relational Database
10 17 (4.00%) Big Data
10 17 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
11 15 (3.53%) Hadoop
11 15 (3.53%) Redis
11 15 (3.53%) Tableau
12 14 (3.29%) SQL Server
13 12 (2.82%) Data Lake
14 9 (2.12%) Cosmos DB
14 9 (2.12%) Looker
Development Applications
1 131 (30.82%) Jenkins
2 54 (12.71%) Git (software)
3 35 (8.24%) JIRA
4 28 (6.59%) Artifactory
5 27 (6.35%) GitLab
6 24 (5.65%) Maven
7 15 (3.53%) SonarQube
8 14 (3.29%) Bitbucket
9 13 (3.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 12 (2.82%) CircleCI
11 10 (2.35%) RStudio
12 9 (2.12%) Sonatype Nexus
13 8 (1.88%) Selenium
14 7 (1.65%) Cucumber
15 6 (1.41%) GoCD
15 6 (1.41%) JUnit
15 6 (1.41%) Terragrunt
16 5 (1.18%) DbUnit
16 5 (1.18%) jMock
16 5 (1.18%) Mockito
General
1 115 (27.06%) Finance
2 92 (21.65%) Front Office
3 35 (8.24%) Public Sector
4 32 (7.53%) Banking
5 19 (4.47%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.41%) Law
7 4 (0.94%) Retail
8 2 (0.47%) Advertising
8 2 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.47%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.24%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.24%) Electronics
9 1 (0.24%) Games
9 1 (0.24%) Legal
9 1 (0.24%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.24%) Marketing
9 1 (0.24%) Police
Job Titles
1 145 (34.12%) Developer
2 114 (26.82%) AWS Engineer
3 109 (25.65%) DevOps Engineer
4 83 (19.53%) Python Developer
5 79 (18.59%) Python Engineer
6 72 (16.94%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 72 (16.94%) Software Engineer
7 62 (14.59%) AWS DevOps
8 58 (13.65%) Python Software Engineer
9 55 (12.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 43 (10.12%) Architect
11 41 (9.65%) JavaScript Developer
12 40 (9.41%) JavaScript Engineer
13 35 (8.24%) Cloud Engineer
14 31 (7.29%) Java Developer
15 28 (6.59%) Full Stack Developer
16 27 (6.35%) AWS Developer
17 25 (5.88%) Platform Engineer
18 24 (5.65%) Data Engineer
19 18 (4.24%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 127 (29.88%) Web Services
2 91 (21.41%) React
3 88 (20.71%) AngularJS
4 77 (18.12%) Vue.js
5 35 (8.24%) Node.js
6 31 (7.29%) Kafka
7 25 (5.88%) Elastic Stack
8 20 (4.71%) REST
9 19 (4.47%) .NET
9 19 (4.47%) Spring
10 18 (4.24%) RESTful
11 16 (3.76%) CSS
11 16 (3.76%) J2EE
12 14 (3.29%) HTML
13 13 (3.06%) SOAP
14 12 (2.82%) JSON
15 10 (2.35%) Django
15 10 (2.35%) GraphQL
15 10 (2.35%) J2SE
16 9 (2.12%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 87 (20.47%) Derivative
1 87 (20.47%) Equities
1 87 (20.47%) Fixed Income
2 73 (17.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 61 (14.35%) Hedge funds
4 31 (7.29%) Greenfield Project
5 24 (5.65%) Analytical Skills
6 22 (5.18%) Public Cloud
7 15 (3.53%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (2.82%) Cloud Native
9 10 (2.35%) Mobile App
10 8 (1.88%) User Experience
11 6 (1.41%) Data Centre
11 6 (1.41%) PKI
11 6 (1.41%) Replication
12 5 (1.18%) Data Structures
12 5 (1.18%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.71%) Enterprise Software
13 3 (0.71%) FMCG
13 3 (0.71%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 136 (32.00%) Linux
2 30 (7.06%) Windows
3 17 (4.00%) Unix
4 16 (3.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (3.06%) Ubuntu
6 11 (2.59%) Windows Server
7 6 (1.41%) CentOS
8 5 (1.18%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (1.18%) Windows Server 2019
9 4 (0.94%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.24%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.24%) Debian
11 1 (0.24%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (47.76%) Agile Software Development
2 192 (45.18%) DevOps
3 94 (22.12%) Software Engineering
4 87 (20.47%) Asset Management
5 72 (16.94%) Microservices
6 64 (15.06%) Infrastructure as Code
7 38 (8.94%) Scrum
8 37 (8.71%) Continuous Integration
9 35 (8.24%) Migration
10 32 (7.53%) Open Source
11 28 (6.59%) Deployment Automation
11 28 (6.59%) Test Automation
12 27 (6.35%) Auto-Scaling
13 23 (5.41%) Continuous Delivery
14 22 (5.18%) Infrastructure Automation
14 22 (5.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 21 (4.94%) Decision-Making
15 21 (4.94%) TDD
16 19 (4.47%) Configuration Management
16 19 (4.47%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 254 (59.76%) Python
2 146 (34.35%) Java
3 121 (28.47%) SQL
4 104 (24.47%) JavaScript
5 73 (17.18%) Kotlin
6 63 (14.82%) Bash Shell
7 57 (13.41%) TypeScript
8 28 (6.59%) Scala
9 22 (5.18%) Clojure
9 22 (5.18%) PowerShell
10 16 (3.76%) R
10 16 (3.76%) Ruby
11 14 (3.29%) Groovy
12 12 (2.82%) PHP
13 11 (2.59%) C#
14 10 (2.35%) Java 8
15 8 (1.88%) Shell Script
16 6 (1.41%) ES6
17 5 (1.18%) Perl
18 4 (0.94%) C++
Qualifications
1 48 (11.29%) Security Cleared
2 47 (11.06%) SC Cleared
3 24 (5.65%) AWS Certification
4 10 (2.35%) Degree
5 9 (2.12%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (1.41%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.71%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.47%) CCA
8 2 (0.47%) Citrix Certification
8 2 (0.47%) GPEN
8 2 (0.47%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.47%) OSCP
8 2 (0.47%) VCAP
8 2 (0.47%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 1 (0.24%) CISM
9 1 (0.24%) CISSP
9 1 (0.24%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.12%) QA
2 8 (1.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (1.65%) NCSC
4 4 (0.94%) GDPR
5 2 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.47%) SLA
6 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.24%) NIST
6 1 (0.24%) NIST 800
System Software
1 103 (24.24%) Docker
2 9 (2.12%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.18%) Postfix
4 5 (1.18%) VMware ESXi
4 5 (1.18%) vSphere
5 4 (0.94%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.71%) UAG
7 2 (0.47%) Xen
8 1 (0.24%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 124 (29.18%) Terraform
2 107 (25.18%) Kubernetes
3 91 (21.41%) Ansible
4 51 (12.00%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (11.53%) Puppet
6 19 (4.47%) Kibana
7 17 (4.00%) Packer
8 14 (3.29%) Grafana
9 7 (1.65%) Consul
10 4 (0.94%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 4 (0.94%) Foglight
10 4 (0.94%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.94%) Rundeck
11 3 (0.71%) PingFederate
11 3 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.47%) Istio
12 2 (0.47%) logstash
12 2 (0.47%) Nagios
12 2 (0.47%) PowerCLI
12 2 (0.47%) vRealize
Vendors
1 25 (5.88%) Oracle
2 16 (3.76%) Microsoft
3 13 (3.06%) CheckPoint
4 11 (2.59%) VMware
5 10 (2.35%) SAP
6 9 (2.12%) Splunk
7 7 (1.65%) Adobe
7 7 (1.65%) Cisco
7 7 (1.65%) F5
7 7 (1.65%) Informatica
8 6 (1.41%) Red Hat
9 5 (1.18%) Talend
10 4 (0.94%) Citrix
10 4 (0.94%) Dynatrace
10 4 (0.94%) Palo Alto
11 3 (0.71%) Ariba
11 3 (0.71%) IBM
11 3 (0.71%) JD Edwards
11 3 (0.71%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.71%) Teradata