Period
to 27 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 27 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 248 273 353
Rank change year-on-year +25 +80 +81
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 467 881 696
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 0.97% 0.69%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.26% 3.51% 3.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 392 560 511
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +10.53%
10th Percentile £425 £413 £413
90th Percentile £700 £660 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.54% +35.94% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,306 25,083 21,056
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.36% 27.66% 20.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,512 17,268 14,388
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £306
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 323 298 304
Median hourly rate £27.43 £21.75 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.09% +14.47% +5.56%
10th Percentile £13.86 £12.25 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £58.48 £56.25
Median hourly rate £22.75 £20.00 £16.68
% change year-on-year +13.75% +19.90% -4.08%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 445 £550 +4.76% 57
London +11 258 £550 - 29
UK excluding London +70 207 £550 +15.79% 33
North of England +68 75 £600 +26.32% 5
South East +84 43 £550 +15.79% 11
South West +68 36 £525 -1.18% 5
Yorkshire +58 33 £613 +22.50% 2
North West +25 26 £495 +4.49% 2
Work from Home -25 23 £525 -2.33% 7
Midlands +29 22 £494 +6.18% 4
West Midlands +28 20 £513 +5.13% 3
Scotland +51 17 £450 -5.26% 2
North East +28 16 £900 +90.48% 1
East of England +56 14 £525 +10.53% 3
East Midlands +40 2 £425 -5.56% 1
Wales +33 2 £400 -23.81% 3

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 443 (94.86%) AWS
2 306 (65.52%) Amazon S3
3 265 (56.75%) DevOps
4 261 (55.89%) Agile Software Development
5 248 (53.10%) Terraform
6 240 (51.39%) Python
7 220 (47.11%) Jenkins
8 216 (46.25%) Serverless
9 215 (46.04%) Docker
10 214 (45.82%) Java
11 212 (45.40%) Amazon RDS
11 212 (45.40%) AWS Lambda
12 182 (38.97%) Kubernetes
13 147 (31.48%) Git (software)
14 144 (30.84%) Web Services
15 143 (30.62%) Linux
15 143 (30.62%) AWS CloudFormation
16 139 (29.76%) Finance
17 120 (25.70%) Amazon ECS
18 117 (25.05%) Amazon SQS
19 110 (23.55%) Ansible
20 107 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
21 104 (22.27%) Software Engineering
22 98 (20.99%) Security Cleared
22 98 (20.99%) OpenShift
23 96 (20.56%) Infrastructure as Code
24 91 (19.49%) J2EE
25 87 (18.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
26 80 (17.13%) TDD
27 79 (16.92%) Scrum

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (11.35%) Confluence
2 25 (5.35%) Elasticsearch
3 22 (4.71%) Apache
3 22 (4.71%) Tomcat
4 18 (3.85%) Apache Spark
5 17 (3.64%) nginx
6 10 (2.14%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
8 5 (1.07%) IIS
8 5 (1.07%) JBoss
8 5 (1.07%) Jetty
8 5 (1.07%) Mongrel
9 4 (0.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.86%) Apache Pig
9 4 (0.86%) CMS
9 4 (0.86%) GemFire
9 4 (0.86%) Headless CMS
10 3 (0.64%) Drupal
11 2 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Chatbot
1 1 (0.21%) MS Visio
1 1 (0.21%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 2 (0.43%) Markit EDM
1 2 (0.43%) SimCorp Dimension
2 1 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 443 (94.86%) AWS
2 306 (65.52%) Amazon S3
3 216 (46.25%) Serverless
4 212 (45.40%) AWS Lambda
5 143 (30.62%) AWS CloudFormation
6 120 (25.70%) Amazon ECS
7 117 (25.05%) Amazon SQS
8 98 (20.99%) OpenShift
9 87 (18.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 71 (15.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 62 (13.28%) Route 53
12 61 (13.06%) Amazon ELB
13 56 (11.99%) GitHub
14 49 (10.49%) Amazon EMR
15 42 (8.99%) CloudFront
16 29 (6.21%) Amazon Kinesis
17 26 (5.57%) Azure
18 20 (4.28%) Amazon ElastiCache
18 20 (4.28%) SaaS
19 19 (4.07%) Amazon Cognito
Communications & Networking
1 20 (4.28%) Firewall
2 16 (3.43%) VPN
3 13 (2.78%) TCP/IP
4 12 (2.57%) SSL
5 11 (2.36%) DNS
6 10 (2.14%) HTTP
7 8 (1.71%) Skype
8 7 (1.50%) DSL
8 7 (1.50%) IPsec
9 6 (1.28%) DHCP
9 6 (1.28%) FTP
10 5 (1.07%) X.509
11 4 (0.86%) MQTT
11 4 (0.86%) Network Security
12 3 (0.64%) BIG-IP
12 3 (0.64%) Intrusion Detection
12 3 (0.64%) NetScaler
13 2 (0.43%) SSH
13 2 (0.43%) tcpdump
13 2 (0.43%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 212 (45.40%) Amazon RDS
2 79 (16.92%) Amazon Redshift
3 60 (12.85%) PostgreSQL
4 44 (9.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 37 (7.92%) Amazon Athena
5 37 (7.92%) Big Data
6 23 (4.93%) MySQL
7 18 (3.85%) NoSQL
8 17 (3.64%) MongoDB
9 16 (3.43%) Data Lake
9 16 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (2.57%) Relational Database
11 11 (2.36%) MariaDB
12 8 (1.71%) Looker
13 7 (1.50%) Amazon Aurora
13 7 (1.50%) SQL Server
14 6 (1.28%) Pentaho
14 6 (1.28%) SimpleDB
15 5 (1.07%) Electronic Patient Records
15 5 (1.07%) Redis
Development Applications
1 220 (47.11%) Jenkins
2 147 (31.48%) Git (software)
3 64 (13.70%) Artifactory
4 61 (13.06%) JIRA
5 56 (11.99%) RStudio
6 50 (10.71%) Maven
7 45 (9.64%) Bitbucket
7 45 (9.64%) SonarQube
8 43 (9.21%) GitLab
9 41 (8.78%) JUnit
10 33 (7.07%) DbUnit
10 33 (7.07%) jMock
10 33 (7.07%) Mockito
11 25 (5.35%) CircleCI
12 18 (3.85%) Travis CI
13 13 (2.78%) GoCD
13 13 (2.78%) Subversion
14 10 (2.14%) Gradle
14 10 (2.14%) Snyk
15 9 (1.93%) Postman
General
1 139 (29.76%) Finance
2 79 (16.92%) Front Office
3 56 (11.99%) Public Sector
4 10 (2.14%) Banking
5 6 (1.28%) Marketing
5 6 (1.28%) Retail
6 5 (1.07%) Billing
6 5 (1.07%) Legal
7 2 (0.43%) Electronics
7 2 (0.43%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.43%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.21%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.21%) Games
8 1 (0.21%) Law
8 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 169 (36.19%) DevOps Engineer
2 151 (32.33%) Developer
3 109 (23.34%) AWS Engineer
4 83 (17.77%) AWS DevOps
4 83 (17.77%) Java Developer
5 73 (15.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 47 (10.06%) AWS Developer
7 39 (8.35%) Lead Developer
8 38 (8.14%) Lead Java Developer
9 37 (7.92%) Java Software Developer
9 37 (7.92%) Lead Software Developer
10 36 (7.71%) Architect
10 36 (7.71%) Cloud Engineer
11 34 (7.28%) Python Developer
12 33 (7.07%) Python Engineer
13 29 (6.21%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 27 (5.78%) Senior DevOps
14 27 (5.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 24 (5.14%) Java Engineer
16 22 (4.71%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (30.84%) Web Services
2 91 (19.49%) J2EE
3 64 (13.70%) J2SE
4 53 (11.35%) Spring
5 52 (11.13%) REST
6 50 (10.71%) SOAP
7 48 (10.28%) RESTful
8 35 (7.49%) Kafka
9 33 (7.07%) PowerMock
10 31 (6.64%) Hibernate
11 30 (6.42%) Spring Boot
12 29 (6.21%) React
13 27 (5.78%) Node.js
14 25 (5.35%) AngularJS
14 25 (5.35%) JPA
15 24 (5.14%) ActiveMQ
16 19 (4.07%) Spring Cloud
17 16 (3.43%) Elastic Stack
18 15 (3.21%) JSON
19 14 (3.00%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 78 (16.70%) Fixed Income
2 63 (13.49%) Derivative
2 63 (13.49%) Equities
3 18 (3.85%) Data Structures
4 16 (3.43%) Cloud Native
4 16 (3.43%) Mobile App
5 15 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
6 14 (3.00%) Hedge funds
7 13 (2.78%) Public Cloud
8 11 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
9 9 (1.93%) Analytical Skills
9 9 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.71%) Data Centre
11 5 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
12 4 (0.86%) User Experience
13 3 (0.64%) DataPower
13 3 (0.64%) Enterprise Cloud
13 3 (0.64%) PKI
14 2 (0.43%) Clustering
14 2 (0.43%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 143 (30.62%) Linux
2 30 (6.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 20 (4.28%) Unix
4 16 (3.43%) Windows
5 11 (2.36%) Amazon Linux
6 4 (0.86%) CentOS
6 4 (0.86%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.64%) Android
7 3 (0.64%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.64%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.43%) Debian
9 1 (0.21%) VMS
9 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (56.75%) DevOps
2 261 (55.89%) Agile Software Development
3 107 (22.91%) Continuous Integration
4 104 (22.27%) Software Engineering
5 96 (20.56%) Infrastructure as Code
6 80 (17.13%) TDD
7 79 (16.92%) Scrum
8 78 (16.70%) Asset Management
9 74 (15.85%) Microservices
10 72 (15.42%) Deployment Automation
11 69 (14.78%) BDD
11 69 (14.78%) Decision-Making
12 61 (13.06%) Open Source
13 56 (11.99%) Migration
14 50 (10.71%) Infrastructure Automation
15 49 (10.49%) Kanban
16 35 (7.49%) Configuration Management
17 31 (6.64%) Analytics
17 31 (6.64%) Data Science
18 29 (6.21%) Identity Access Management
Programming Languages
1 240 (51.39%) Python
2 214 (45.82%) Java
3 59 (12.63%) R
4 48 (10.28%) SQL
5 44 (9.42%) JavaScript
6 40 (8.57%) Bash Shell
7 28 (6.00%) Groovy
7 28 (6.00%) Ruby
8 20 (4.28%) Go
9 19 (4.07%) Java 8
10 14 (3.00%) PowerShell
11 10 (2.14%) Perl
11 10 (2.14%) Shell Script
12 9 (1.93%) C#
12 9 (1.93%) PHP
12 9 (1.93%) Scala
13 8 (1.71%) TypeScript
14 5 (1.07%) ES6
15 3 (0.64%) Clojure
15 3 (0.64%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 98 (20.99%) Security Cleared
2 66 (14.13%) SC Cleared
3 26 (5.57%) AWS Certification
4 19 (4.07%) DV Cleared
5 5 (1.07%) CESG Certified Professional
5 5 (1.07%) CISM
5 5 (1.07%) CISSP
5 5 (1.07%) CRISC
6 2 (0.43%) Degree
7 1 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.21%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.07%) GDPR
1 5 (1.07%) QA
2 2 (0.43%) PMO
3 1 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 215 (46.04%) Docker
2 21 (4.50%) Postfix
3 17 (3.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (2.57%) vSphere
5 10 (2.14%) Active Directory
6 7 (1.50%) OpenAM
6 7 (1.50%) OpenDJ
7 5 (1.07%) Xen
8 4 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.64%) HDFS
10 2 (0.43%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.43%) BusyBox
10 2 (0.43%) Varnish
10 2 (0.43%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.21%) iptables
Systems Management
1 248 (53.10%) Terraform
2 182 (38.97%) Kubernetes
3 110 (23.55%) Ansible
4 49 (10.49%) Puppet
5 43 (9.21%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (5.14%) Packer
7 17 (3.64%) Istio
8 5 (1.07%) Consul
8 5 (1.07%) HAProxy
8 5 (1.07%) ZABBIX
9 4 (0.86%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.64%) CA Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.64%) Grafana
10 3 (0.64%) Nagios
11 2 (0.43%) Graphite
11 2 (0.43%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 1 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
12 1 (0.21%) Mesos
12 1 (0.21%) Salt
Vendors
1 21 (4.50%) Google
2 19 (4.07%) VMware
3 18 (3.85%) Red Hat
4 16 (3.43%) Oracle
5 9 (1.93%) Tableau
6 8 (1.71%) ForgeRock
6 8 (1.71%) Microsoft
6 8 (1.71%) Splunk
6 8 (1.71%) Talend
7 6 (1.28%) Informatica
7 6 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
8 5 (1.07%) Atlassian
9 4 (0.86%) Adobe
9 4 (0.86%) SAP
10 3 (0.64%) CA
10 3 (0.64%) CheckPoint
10 3 (0.64%) Citrix
10 3 (0.64%) F5
10 3 (0.64%) IBM
10 3 (0.64%) NetIQ