Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Amazon EC2 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon AWS Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 290 275 386
Rank change year-on-year -15 +111 +106
Contract jobs citing Amazon EC2 720 981 642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 0.94% 0.62%
As % of the Cloud Services category 2.97% 3.85% 3.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 482 747 474
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +2.30%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £388
90th Percentile £688 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £35.00

Amazon EC2 is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,242 25,456 17,781
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.61% 24.33% 17.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,460 17,679 12,335
UK median daily rate £495 £480 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +2.13% +4.44%
10th Percentile £275 £305 £275
90th Percentile £656 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 426 336 231
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.35 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% -5.41% +8.82%

Amazon EC2
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Amazon EC2 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor daily rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Amazon EC2 in the UK

Amazon EC2
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Amazon EC2 within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 645 £525 - 185
UK excluding London +42 375 £500 +2.56% 109
London -19 337 £563 +7.14% 95
North of England -21 129 £495 +3.94% 36
Midlands +84 87 £475 -2.56% 17
North West +16 85 £475 +2.43% 21
West Midlands +86 77 £475 +7.04% 10
Scotland +72 68 £575 +24.32% 10
South West +22 36 £500 +5.26% 9
South East +3 33 £550 +10.00% 20
Yorkshire -33 28 £505 +1.00% 13
East of England +24 21 £613 +16.67% 8
North East +14 17 £656 +31.25% 2
East Midlands +17 9 £500 - 7
Wales +30 1 - - 7

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Amazon EC2 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Amazon EC2.

1 664 (92.22%) AWS
2 450 (62.50%) DevOps
3 351 (48.75%) Amazon RDS
4 345 (47.92%) Agile Software Development
5 344 (47.78%) Amazon S3
6 311 (43.19%) Jenkins
7 306 (42.50%) Linux
8 305 (42.36%) Python
9 277 (38.47%) Java
10 260 (36.11%) Terraform
10 260 (36.11%) Serverless
11 250 (34.72%) AWS Lambda
12 245 (34.03%) Docker
13 242 (33.61%) Git (software)
14 221 (30.69%) Ansible
15 209 (29.03%) Web Services
16 208 (28.89%) AWS CloudFormation
17 204 (28.33%) Puppet
18 188 (26.11%) Continuous Integration
19 179 (24.86%) Security Cleared
20 164 (22.78%) Kubernetes
20 164 (22.78%) Amazon SQS
21 163 (22.64%) SC Cleared
22 153 (21.25%) Configuration Management
23 151 (20.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
24 141 (19.58%) Open Source
25 137 (19.03%) TDD
26 135 (18.75%) Scrum
27 129 (17.92%) Amazon ELB
28 128 (17.78%) Microservices

Amazon EC2
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (9.58%) Confluence
2 68 (9.44%) Apache
3 55 (7.64%) nginx
4 48 (6.67%) Tomcat
5 42 (5.83%) Elasticsearch
6 35 (4.86%) Apache Spark
7 33 (4.58%) WebSphere
8 30 (4.17%) IIS
8 30 (4.17%) Jetty
8 30 (4.17%) Mongrel
9 13 (1.81%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (0.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.56%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.42%) GemFire
12 3 (0.42%) Moodle
13 2 (0.28%) Ethereum
13 2 (0.28%) Headless CMS
13 2 (0.28%) Hyperledger
13 2 (0.28%) OpenStack
Applications
1 3 (0.42%) InDesign
1 3 (0.42%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.14%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.56%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.28%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 664 (92.22%) AWS
2 344 (47.78%) Amazon S3
3 260 (36.11%) Serverless
4 250 (34.72%) AWS Lambda
5 208 (28.89%) AWS CloudFormation
6 164 (22.78%) Amazon SQS
7 151 (20.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 129 (17.92%) Amazon ELB
9 127 (17.64%) Route 53
10 126 (17.50%) Amazon ECS
11 102 (14.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 92 (12.78%) GitHub
13 70 (9.72%) CloudFront
14 50 (6.94%) OpenShift
15 48 (6.67%) Azure
16 45 (6.25%) GCP
17 43 (5.97%) Amazon EMR
18 35 (4.86%) AWS CodePipeline
19 34 (4.72%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 33 (4.58%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 54 (7.50%) DNS
2 47 (6.53%) VPN
3 46 (6.39%) HTTP
4 45 (6.25%) TCP/IP
5 38 (5.28%) DHCP
6 34 (4.72%) IPsec
7 31 (4.31%) FTP
7 31 (4.31%) SSL
8 22 (3.06%) Firewall
9 16 (2.22%) Network Security
10 13 (1.81%) Internet
10 13 (1.81%) Skype
11 7 (0.97%) Intrusion Detection
12 6 (0.83%) DSL
13 4 (0.56%) NAS
13 4 (0.56%) SAN
13 4 (0.56%) WAN
14 3 (0.42%) SNMP
15 2 (0.28%) DMZ
15 2 (0.28%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 351 (48.75%) Amazon RDS
2 97 (13.47%) PostgreSQL
3 80 (11.11%) MySQL
4 76 (10.56%) Amazon Redshift
5 71 (9.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 29 (4.03%) Big Data
7 28 (3.89%) Hadoop
7 28 (3.89%) MongoDB
8 27 (3.75%) NoSQL
9 25 (3.47%) Relational Database
10 23 (3.19%) SQL Server
11 17 (2.36%) Data Lake
12 15 (2.08%) Amazon Athena
13 13 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
13 13 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
14 12 (1.67%) Amazon Aurora
14 12 (1.67%) Oracle Database
15 11 (1.53%) Apache Hive
16 10 (1.39%) Redis
17 8 (1.11%) HBase
Development Applications
1 311 (43.19%) Jenkins
2 242 (33.61%) Git (software)
3 98 (13.61%) Maven
4 88 (12.22%) SonarQube
5 83 (11.53%) JIRA
6 82 (11.39%) JUnit
6 82 (11.39%) Mockito
7 72 (10.00%) DbUnit
8 71 (9.86%) jMock
9 61 (8.47%) Bitbucket
10 53 (7.36%) GitLab
11 45 (6.25%) Artifactory
12 41 (5.69%) Travis CI
13 39 (5.42%) Sonatype Nexus
14 26 (3.61%) RStudio
15 22 (3.06%) CircleCI
16 20 (2.78%) Gradle
17 19 (2.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 19 (2.64%) Cucumber
17 19 (2.64%) Selenium
General
1 107 (14.86%) Finance
2 75 (10.42%) Public Sector
3 37 (5.14%) Front Office
4 26 (3.61%) Banking
5 21 (2.92%) Retail
6 10 (1.39%) Billing
7 7 (0.97%) Publishing
8 6 (0.83%) Financial Institution
8 6 (0.83%) Marketing
8 6 (0.83%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.69%) Electronics
9 5 (0.69%) Manufacturing
9 5 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.42%) Legal
11 2 (0.28%) Games
11 2 (0.28%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.14%) French Language
12 1 (0.14%) German Language
12 1 (0.14%) Music Industry
12 1 (0.14%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 236 (32.78%) DevOps Engineer
2 227 (31.53%) Developer
3 167 (23.19%) AWS Engineer
4 128 (17.78%) Java Developer
5 118 (16.39%) AWS DevOps
6 94 (13.06%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 57 (7.92%) AWS Developer
8 50 (6.94%) Architect
9 48 (6.67%) Senior DevOps
10 47 (6.53%) Cloud Engineer
11 44 (6.11%) Senior Developer
12 41 (5.69%) Lead Developer
13 40 (5.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 34 (4.72%) Data Engineer
14 34 (4.72%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 30 (4.17%) Python Engineer
16 27 (3.75%) J2EE Developer
16 27 (3.75%) Java/J2EE Developer
17 26 (3.61%) PHP Developer
18 25 (3.47%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 209 (29.03%) Web Services
2 115 (15.97%) RESTful
3 89 (12.36%) J2EE
4 87 (12.08%) Spring
5 81 (11.25%) SOAP
6 71 (9.86%) PowerMock
7 63 (8.75%) AngularJS
8 53 (7.36%) .NET
9 50 (6.94%) REST
10 49 (6.81%) Hibernate
11 47 (6.53%) ActiveMQ
12 43 (5.97%) Node.js
13 40 (5.56%) JPA
14 38 (5.28%) Elastic Stack
15 35 (4.86%) Spring Cloud
16 34 (4.72%) JSON
17 31 (4.31%) Spring Boot
18 30 (4.17%) Servlets
19 26 (3.61%) LDAP
19 26 (3.61%) React
Miscellaneous
1 58 (8.06%) Greenfield Project
2 37 (5.14%) Fixed Income
3 30 (4.17%) Data Centre
4 22 (3.06%) Cloud Native
5 18 (2.50%) Public Cloud
6 16 (2.22%) PKI
7 14 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.81%) NHS
8 13 (1.81%) User Experience
9 11 (1.53%) Data Structures
10 9 (1.25%) Clustering
11 8 (1.11%) Analytical Skills
12 7 (0.97%) Enterprise Cloud
12 7 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
13 5 (0.69%) Algorithms
13 5 (0.69%) Mobile App
14 3 (0.42%) e-Learning
14 3 (0.42%) Enterprise Software
14 3 (0.42%) Hybrid Cloud
14 3 (0.42%) SCORM
Operating Systems
1 306 (42.50%) Linux
2 78 (10.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 74 (10.28%) Windows
4 47 (6.53%) Unix
5 42 (5.83%) Amazon Linux
6 32 (4.44%) CentOS
7 30 (4.17%) Ubuntu
8 21 (2.92%) Windows Server
9 9 (1.25%) Debian
10 5 (0.69%) CoreOS
11 4 (0.56%) Solaris
11 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.42%) Android
12 3 (0.42%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.28%) VMS
13 2 (0.28%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.14%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 450 (62.50%) DevOps
2 345 (47.92%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (26.11%) Continuous Integration
4 153 (21.25%) Configuration Management
5 141 (19.58%) Open Source
6 137 (19.03%) TDD
7 135 (18.75%) Scrum
8 128 (17.78%) Microservices
9 115 (15.97%) Migration
10 106 (14.72%) BDD
11 100 (13.89%) Kanban
12 94 (13.06%) Software Engineering
13 60 (8.33%) Infrastructure as Code
14 57 (7.92%) E-Commerce
15 53 (7.36%) Asset Management
16 47 (6.53%) Mentoring
17 46 (6.39%) Decision-Making
18 39 (5.42%) Continuous Delivery
19 34 (4.72%) Deployment Automation
19 34 (4.72%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 305 (42.36%) Python
2 277 (38.47%) Java
3 96 (13.33%) SQL
4 92 (12.78%) Bash Shell
5 60 (8.33%) JavaScript
6 46 (6.39%) PHP
7 37 (5.14%) Scala
8 36 (5.00%) Ruby
9 34 (4.72%) PowerShell
10 30 (4.17%) Shell Script
11 28 (3.89%) R
12 23 (3.19%) Groovy
13 21 (2.92%) Java 8
14 15 (2.08%) C#
14 15 (2.08%) Perl
15 11 (1.53%) Go
16 7 (0.97%) Clojure
17 4 (0.56%) C++
17 4 (0.56%) TypeScript
18 3 (0.42%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 179 (24.86%) Security Cleared
2 163 (22.64%) SC Cleared
3 87 (12.08%) AWS Certification
4 22 (3.06%) Degree
5 14 (1.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (1.81%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.67%) RHCE
8 10 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.69%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.42%) MCSA
12 3 (0.42%) RHCSA
13 2 (0.28%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.14%) CCNA
14 1 (0.14%) CCNP
14 1 (0.14%) LPIC
14 1 (0.14%) MCITP
14 1 (0.14%) MCTS
14 1 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (1.25%) QA
2 4 (0.56%) GDPR
2 4 (0.56%) HIPAA
2 4 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 2 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
3 2 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 245 (34.03%) Docker
2 75 (10.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 46 (6.39%) Postfix
4 38 (5.28%) vSphere
5 31 (4.31%) Xen
6 23 (3.19%) Hyper-V
7 17 (2.36%) Active Directory
7 17 (2.36%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.42%) PowerDNS
8 3 (0.42%) XenApp
9 2 (0.28%) HDFS
9 2 (0.28%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.14%) Firmware
10 1 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 260 (36.11%) Terraform
2 221 (30.69%) Ansible
3 204 (28.33%) Puppet
4 164 (22.78%) Kubernetes
5 89 (12.36%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (5.69%) Packer
7 23 (3.19%) Prometheus
8 16 (2.22%) Consul
9 14 (1.94%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 14 (1.94%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 13 (1.81%) Rancher
11 12 (1.67%) Grafana
11 12 (1.67%) HAProxy
12 9 (1.25%) Kibana
13 8 (1.11%) Nagios
14 7 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.97%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.83%) Istio
16 5 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
16 5 (0.69%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 83 (11.53%) VMware
2 67 (9.31%) Google
3 56 (7.78%) Red Hat
4 41 (5.69%) Microsoft
5 34 (4.72%) Splunk
6 25 (3.47%) Oracle
7 11 (1.53%) Atlassian
8 10 (1.39%) Ping Identity
8 10 (1.39%) Teradata
9 9 (1.25%) Adobe
9 9 (1.25%) AppDynamics
9 9 (1.25%) SAP
10 8 (1.11%) New Relic
11 7 (0.97%) Black Duck
12 6 (0.83%) SolarWinds
13 5 (0.69%) ForgeRock
13 5 (0.69%) NetIQ
14 4 (0.56%) MuleSoft
14 4 (0.56%) Nimble Storage
14 4 (0.56%) Okta