Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 72 61 60
Rank change year-on-year -11 -1 -22
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 225 151 484
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.78% 4.22% 4.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.00% 4.48% 5.11%
Number of salaries quoted 189 120 405
10th Percentile £46,250 £52,500 £46,543
25th Percentile £55,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,813 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,000 £105,000 £88,750
Central London median annual salary £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,623 3,369 9,479
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.55% 94.13% 93.99%
Number of salaries quoted 5,013 2,964 8,353
10th Percentile £42,999 £45,000 £38,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £100,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 182 (80.89%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (44.00%) DevOps
3 87 (38.67%) C#
3 87 (38.67%) Java
4 81 (36.00%) JavaScript
5 79 (35.11%) .NET
5 79 (35.11%) Test Automation
6 77 (34.22%) SQL
7 73 (32.44%) Azure
8 69 (30.67%) Microservices
9 62 (27.56%) TDD
10 61 (27.11%) Software Engineering
11 59 (26.22%) SQL Server
12 58 (25.78%) Finance
13 57 (25.33%) AWS
14 54 (24.00%) Microsoft
15 52 (23.11%) Scrum
16 49 (21.78%) Web Services
17 48 (21.33%) CSS
18 47 (20.89%) React
19 46 (20.44%) Python
20 45 (20.00%) Git (software)
21 44 (19.56%) Jenkins
22 43 (19.11%) Deployment Automation
23 41 (18.22%) Full Stack Development
24 38 (16.89%) OO
24 38 (16.89%) HTML
25 36 (16.00%) .NET Framework
26 35 (15.56%) Continuous Delivery
26 35 (15.56%) User Experience

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (9.33%) SharePoint
2 12 (5.33%) Confluence
3 9 (4.00%) Apache Spark
4 6 (2.67%) CMS
5 3 (1.33%) Oracle Coherence
6 2 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.89%) SAS
7 1 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.44%) GlassFish
7 1 (0.44%) Headless CMS
7 1 (0.44%) JBoss
7 1 (0.44%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (1.33%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (2.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.78%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (1.33%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.44%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.44%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 73 (32.44%) Azure
2 57 (25.33%) AWS
3 31 (13.78%) PaaS
4 25 (11.11%) SaaS
5 21 (9.33%) GCP
6 20 (8.89%) Serverless
7 16 (7.11%) Azure Service Bus
8 14 (6.22%) Azure Key Vault
9 12 (5.33%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (4.44%) GitHub
11 9 (4.00%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (4.00%) Azure Active Directory
11 9 (4.00%) Azure Service Fabric
11 9 (4.00%) Azure Storage
12 8 (3.56%) Azure App Service
12 8 (3.56%) Power Platform
13 7 (3.11%) IaaS
14 6 (2.67%) Cloud Computing
15 5 (2.22%) Azure Logic Apps
15 5 (2.22%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.89%) Internet
2 8 (3.56%) HTTP
3 4 (1.78%) VoIP
4 3 (1.33%) Firewall
5 2 (0.89%) Software-Defined Networking
5 2 (0.89%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.44%) LAN
6 1 (0.44%) Network Security
6 1 (0.44%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (26.22%) SQL Server
2 21 (9.33%) Big Data
2 21 (9.33%) MongoDB
3 19 (8.44%) NoSQL
3 19 (8.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 16 (7.11%) Tableau
5 14 (6.22%) SQL Server 2016
5 14 (6.22%) SQL Server 2017
6 13 (5.78%) Relational Database
7 11 (4.89%) Hadoop
8 10 (4.44%) Azure SQL Database
9 8 (3.56%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (3.56%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (3.11%) Data Warehouse
10 7 (3.11%) Oracle Database
11 5 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 5 (2.22%) Amazon Redshift
11 5 (2.22%) RDBMS
12 4 (1.78%) OLAP
12 4 (1.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 45 (20.00%) Git (software)
2 44 (19.56%) Jenkins
3 29 (12.89%) JIRA
4 20 (8.89%) Team Foundation Server
4 20 (8.89%) Visual Studio Team System
5 19 (8.44%) TeamCity
6 16 (7.11%) JMeter
6 16 (7.11%) Octopus Deploy
7 15 (6.67%) JUnit
7 15 (6.67%) Maven
8 14 (6.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 13 (5.78%) NUnit
9 13 (5.78%) Selenium
10 9 (4.00%) WebDriver
11 8 (3.56%) Cucumber
11 8 (3.56%) Postman
11 8 (3.56%) REST Assured
11 8 (3.56%) Rhino Mocks
12 7 (3.11%) Bitbucket
12 7 (3.11%) Visual Studio
General
1 58 (25.78%) Finance
2 35 (15.56%) Social Skills
3 20 (8.89%) Banking
4 16 (7.11%) Public Sector
5 15 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
6 12 (5.33%) Games
7 11 (4.89%) Electronics
7 11 (4.89%) Publishing
8 9 (4.00%) Retail
9 4 (1.78%) Advertising
9 4 (1.78%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.78%) Front Office
9 4 (1.78%) Manufacturing
10 3 (1.33%) Billing
10 3 (1.33%) International Banking
10 3 (1.33%) Marketing
10 3 (1.33%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.89%) Law
12 1 (0.44%) Back Office
12 1 (0.44%) Legal
Job Titles
1 121 (53.78%) Developer
2 31 (13.78%) Java Developer
3 30 (13.33%) Senior Developer
4 29 (12.89%) Lead Developer
5 21 (9.33%) .NET Developer
6 19 (8.44%) C# Developer
7 18 (8.00%) Architect
8 15 (6.67%) Azure Developer
8 15 (6.67%) Data Engineer
9 12 (5.33%) C# .NET Developer
9 12 (5.33%) Mobile Developer
9 12 (5.33%) Software Engineer
9 12 (5.33%) Tableau Developer
10 11 (4.89%) Applications Developer
10 11 (4.89%) Mobile Applications Developer
10 11 (4.89%) Solutions Architect
10 11 (4.89%) Xamarin Developer
11 9 (4.00%) Lead .NET Developer
11 9 (4.00%) Senior Java Developer
11 9 (4.00%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (35.11%) .NET
2 49 (21.78%) Web Services
3 48 (21.33%) CSS
4 47 (20.89%) React
5 38 (16.89%) HTML
6 36 (16.00%) .NET Framework
7 34 (15.11%) ASP.NET Web API
8 33 (14.67%) .NET Core
8 33 (14.67%) jQuery
9 27 (12.00%) Kafka
10 24 (10.67%) AngularJS
10 24 (10.67%) Entity Framework
10 24 (10.67%) HTML5
10 24 (10.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 21 (9.33%) REST
11 21 (9.33%) RESTful
12 20 (8.89%) Node.js
13 17 (7.56%) ASP.NET
13 17 (7.56%) JSON
14 15 (6.67%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 35 (15.56%) User Experience
2 23 (10.22%) Mobile App
3 22 (9.78%) N-Tier
4 16 (7.11%) Enterprise Software
5 12 (5.33%) Cloud Native
5 12 (5.33%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (4.89%) Internet of Things
7 9 (4.00%) Hybrid Cloud
8 6 (2.67%) Clustering
8 6 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (2.67%) Virtual Team
9 5 (2.22%) Data Structures
10 4 (1.78%) Data Centre
10 4 (1.78%) Enterprise Storage
10 4 (1.78%) Equities
10 4 (1.78%) Legacy Systems
10 4 (1.78%) Video\Live Streaming
11 3 (1.33%) Client/Server
11 3 (1.33%) Public Cloud
12 2 (0.89%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 18 (8.00%) Linux
2 16 (7.11%) Apple iOS
3 13 (5.78%) Android
4 11 (4.89%) Windows
5 6 (2.67%) Ubuntu
6 3 (1.33%) Unix
6 3 (1.33%) VMS
7 2 (0.89%) CentOS
7 2 (0.89%) Solaris
7 2 (0.89%) SUSE
8 1 (0.44%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 182 (80.89%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (44.00%) DevOps
3 79 (35.11%) Test Automation
4 69 (30.67%) Microservices
5 62 (27.56%) TDD
6 61 (27.11%) Software Engineering
7 52 (23.11%) Scrum
8 43 (19.11%) Deployment Automation
9 41 (18.22%) Full Stack Development
10 38 (16.89%) OO
11 35 (15.56%) Continuous Delivery
12 34 (15.11%) BDD
13 33 (14.67%) MVC
13 33 (14.67%) Unit Testing
14 31 (13.78%) SOA
15 30 (13.33%) Analytics
16 25 (11.11%) SOLID
17 24 (10.67%) Business Intelligence
17 24 (10.67%) Mentoring
18 22 (9.78%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 87 (38.67%) C#
1 87 (38.67%) Java
2 81 (36.00%) JavaScript
3 77 (34.22%) SQL
4 46 (20.44%) Python
5 30 (13.33%) PowerShell
6 29 (12.89%) T-SQL
7 21 (9.33%) TypeScript
8 12 (5.33%) Bash Shell
9 11 (4.89%) C++
9 11 (4.89%) Scala
10 8 (3.56%) Ruby
11 7 (3.11%) Go
11 7 (3.11%) Java 8
12 5 (2.22%) ES6
12 5 (2.22%) Perl
12 5 (2.22%) Shell Script
13 4 (1.78%) C
13 4 (1.78%) Kotlin
14 3 (1.33%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 18 (8.00%) Degree
2 15 (6.67%) SC Cleared
2 15 (6.67%) Security Cleared
3 6 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (2.22%) ISTQB
5 3 (1.33%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (0.89%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 2 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (0.89%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.44%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.44%) CCSP
7 1 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.44%) CISSP
7 1 (0.44%) CompTIA Security+
7 1 (0.44%) ISEB
7 1 (0.44%) OCP
7 1 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
7 1 (0.44%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (14.22%) QA
2 7 (3.11%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.33%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.33%) GDPR
3 3 (1.33%) PMO
4 2 (0.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.44%) NIST
System Software
1 29 (12.89%) Docker
2 5 (2.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (1.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.44%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.44%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 34 (15.11%) Terraform
2 21 (9.33%) Kubernetes
3 17 (7.56%) Ansible
3 17 (7.56%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (3.11%) Puppet
5 4 (1.78%) Grafana
6 3 (1.33%) HP Quality Center
7 2 (0.89%) Control-M
7 2 (0.89%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.44%) Kibana
8 1 (0.44%) Rancher
Vendors
1 54 (24.00%) Microsoft
2 20 (8.89%) Google
3 16 (7.11%) Xamarin
4 13 (5.78%) Oracle
5 8 (3.56%) Cloudera
6 7 (3.11%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (2.67%) Nintex
8 4 (1.78%) Adobe
8 4 (1.78%) Sparx
8 4 (1.78%) VMware
9 3 (1.33%) HP
9 3 (1.33%) IBM
9 3 (1.33%) Pega
9 3 (1.33%) Red Hat
9 3 (1.33%) SAP
9 3 (1.33%) Solace
10 2 (0.89%) BMC
10 2 (0.89%) Hitachi
10 2 (0.89%) SaltStack
10 2 (0.89%) Splunk