Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 79 51 55
Rank change year-on-year -28 +4 -15
Permanent jobs citing Continuous Integration 217 240 432
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.54% 5.58% 4.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.78% 5.86% 5.00%
Number of salaries quoted 196 202 348
10th Percentile £48,125 £59,675 £48,750
25th Percentile £62,500 £67,500 £61,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £85,000 £71,000
Median % change year-on-year - +19.72% -5.33%
75th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £108,750 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £78,750 £80,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,747 4,095 8,636
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 93.68% 95.19% 94.23%
Number of salaries quoted 5,078 3,609 7,539
10th Percentile £43,750 £45,000 £38,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £55,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £98,750
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £67,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +4.48% +3.08%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Salary trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 158 (72.81%) Agile Software Development
2 101 (46.54%) DevOps
3 96 (44.24%) Java
3 96 (44.24%) CI/CD
4 75 (34.56%) C#
4 75 (34.56%) Azure
5 71 (32.72%) Python
6 69 (31.80%) .NET
6 69 (31.80%) Microservices
7 66 (30.41%) AWS
7 66 (30.41%) JavaScript
8 62 (28.57%) SQL
9 57 (26.27%) Scrum
9 57 (26.27%) Software Engineering
9 57 (26.27%) Test Automation
10 55 (25.35%) TDD
11 53 (24.42%) Finance
12 52 (23.96%) Microsoft
13 50 (23.04%) Docker
14 44 (20.28%) SQL Server
15 43 (19.82%) Git (software)
16 42 (19.35%) Full Stack Development
17 40 (18.43%) Continuous Delivery
18 38 (17.51%) Web Services
18 38 (17.51%) CSS
19 36 (16.59%) .NET Framework
20 35 (16.13%) Jenkins
21 34 (15.67%) Terraform
21 34 (15.67%) Deployment Automation
22 33 (15.21%) NoSQL

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (5.99%) SharePoint
2 11 (5.07%) Apache Spark
3 7 (3.23%) Confluence
4 4 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.38%) CMS
6 2 (0.92%) IIS
6 2 (0.92%) Luigi
7 1 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.46%) Jetty
7 1 (0.46%) NServiceBus
7 1 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
Business Applications
1 2 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 75 (34.56%) Azure
2 66 (30.41%) AWS
3 29 (13.36%) GCP
4 23 (10.60%) Serverless
5 19 (8.76%) PaaS
6 15 (6.91%) Azure Active Directory
6 15 (6.91%) Azure Service Bus
7 14 (6.45%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (6.45%) Azure Key Vault
7 14 (6.45%) Azure Service Fabric
7 14 (6.45%) IaaS
8 13 (5.99%) SaaS
9 12 (5.53%) Azure App Service
9 12 (5.53%) Azure Storage
9 12 (5.53%) Cloud Computing
10 11 (5.07%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (4.61%) Amazon S3
12 7 (3.23%) Amazon EMR
12 7 (3.23%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (2.76%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 12 (5.53%) Internet
2 10 (4.61%) Network Security
3 6 (2.76%) DNS
4 4 (1.84%) VoIP
5 3 (1.38%) DHCP
5 3 (1.38%) Firewall
6 2 (0.92%) HTTP
6 2 (0.92%) Software-Defined Networking
6 2 (0.92%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.46%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (20.28%) SQL Server
2 33 (15.21%) NoSQL
3 18 (8.29%) Big Data
4 16 (7.37%) Relational Database
5 13 (5.99%) MongoDB
6 12 (5.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 9 (4.15%) SQL Server 2016
7 9 (4.15%) SQL Server 2017
7 9 (4.15%) Tableau
8 8 (3.69%) Amazon Redshift
8 8 (3.69%) Apache Cassandra
8 8 (3.69%) Data Warehouse
9 6 (2.76%) Azure SQL Database
9 6 (2.76%) BigQuery
10 5 (2.30%) MySQL
10 5 (2.30%) OLAP
11 4 (1.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (1.84%) Oracle Database
12 3 (1.38%) Hadoop
12 3 (1.38%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 43 (19.82%) Git (software)
2 35 (16.13%) Jenkins
3 19 (8.76%) Team Foundation Server
4 18 (8.29%) Visual Studio Team System
5 16 (7.37%) JIRA
6 13 (5.99%) TeamCity
7 12 (5.53%) Cucumber
7 12 (5.53%) Selenium
8 9 (4.15%) JMeter
8 9 (4.15%) NUnit
8 9 (4.15%) Octopus Deploy
8 9 (4.15%) SpecFlow
9 8 (3.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 8 (3.69%) Maven
9 8 (3.69%) Postman
9 8 (3.69%) WebDriver
10 6 (2.76%) Cypress.io
10 6 (2.76%) ReSharper
10 6 (2.76%) SoapUI
10 6 (2.76%) Visual Studio
General
1 53 (24.42%) Finance
2 24 (11.06%) Social Skills
3 20 (9.22%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (6.91%) Banking
4 15 (6.91%) Front Office
4 15 (6.91%) Retail
5 13 (5.99%) Electronics
5 13 (5.99%) Public Sector
6 12 (5.53%) Publishing
7 10 (4.61%) Games
8 7 (3.23%) Law
9 6 (2.76%) Advertising
9 6 (2.76%) Financial Institution
9 6 (2.76%) Manufacturing
9 6 (2.76%) Marketing
10 3 (1.38%) Billing
10 3 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
10 3 (1.38%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.92%) International Banking
12 1 (0.46%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 106 (48.85%) Developer
2 40 (18.43%) Senior Developer
3 27 (12.44%) Java Developer
4 20 (9.22%) Lead Developer
5 17 (7.83%) Data Engineer
6 16 (7.37%) Architect
6 16 (7.37%) DevOps Engineer
6 16 (7.37%) Site Reliability Engineer
7 13 (5.99%) Applications Developer
8 12 (5.53%) C# Developer
8 12 (5.53%) Mobile Applications Developer
8 12 (5.53%) Mobile Developer
8 12 (5.53%) Software Engineer
8 12 (5.53%) Xamarin Developer
9 11 (5.07%) Solutions Architect
10 10 (4.61%) Azure Developer
10 10 (4.61%) Cloud Developer
11 9 (4.15%) Senior C# Developer
11 9 (4.15%) Senior Data Engineer
11 9 (4.15%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (31.80%) .NET
2 38 (17.51%) CSS
2 38 (17.51%) Web Services
3 36 (16.59%) .NET Framework
4 32 (14.75%) RESTful
5 31 (14.29%) AngularJS
6 28 (12.90%) HTML
6 28 (12.90%) React
7 25 (11.52%) jQuery
8 24 (11.06%) ASP.NET Web API
9 21 (9.68%) ASP.NET
10 19 (8.76%) Entity Framework
11 18 (8.29%) .NET Core
12 17 (7.83%) ARM Templates
12 17 (7.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 14 (6.45%) HTML5
13 14 (6.45%) Kafka
14 13 (5.99%) ASP.NET MVC
15 12 (5.53%) Node.js
15 12 (5.53%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 27 (12.44%) User Experience
2 25 (11.52%) Cloud Native
3 24 (11.06%) Mobile App
4 15 (6.91%) N-Tier
5 14 (6.45%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (5.53%) Internet of Things
7 11 (5.07%) Blog
7 11 (5.07%) Hybrid Cloud
8 10 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (2.30%) Data Fabric
9 5 (2.30%) Virtual Team
10 3 (1.38%) Equities
10 3 (1.38%) Video\Live Streaming
11 2 (0.92%) Client/Server
11 2 (0.92%) Data Centre
11 2 (0.92%) Embedded Systems
11 2 (0.92%) Enterprise Storage
11 2 (0.92%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.92%) Public Cloud
12 1 (0.46%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 17 (7.83%) Windows
2 15 (6.91%) Apple iOS
3 13 (5.99%) Android
4 12 (5.53%) Linux
5 6 (2.76%) Ubuntu
5 6 (2.76%) VMS
5 6 (2.76%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.46%) CentOS
7 1 (0.46%) Solaris
7 1 (0.46%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 158 (72.81%) Agile Software Development
2 101 (46.54%) DevOps
3 96 (44.24%) CI/CD
4 69 (31.80%) Microservices
5 57 (26.27%) Scrum
5 57 (26.27%) Software Engineering
5 57 (26.27%) Test Automation
6 55 (25.35%) TDD
7 42 (19.35%) Full Stack Development
8 40 (18.43%) Continuous Delivery
9 34 (15.67%) Deployment Automation
10 31 (14.29%) Infrastructure as Code
10 31 (14.29%) MVC
11 30 (13.82%) SOA
12 28 (12.90%) OO
13 27 (12.44%) Analytics
13 27 (12.44%) BDD
14 23 (10.60%) Configuration Management
15 22 (10.14%) Business Intelligence
15 22 (10.14%) UX Design
Programming Languages
1 96 (44.24%) Java
2 75 (34.56%) C#
3 71 (32.72%) Python
4 66 (30.41%) JavaScript
5 62 (28.57%) SQL
6 33 (15.21%) PowerShell
7 30 (13.82%) Bash
8 27 (12.44%) T-SQL
9 19 (8.76%) C++
10 18 (8.29%) TypeScript
11 13 (5.99%) Go
11 13 (5.99%) Java 8
12 11 (5.07%) Groovy
12 11 (5.07%) Ruby
13 10 (4.61%) C
14 9 (4.15%) Scala
15 5 (2.30%) Kotlin
16 4 (1.84%) Perl
17 3 (1.38%) Apple Swift
17 3 (1.38%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 17 (7.83%) Degree
2 9 (4.15%) Microsoft Certification
3 8 (3.69%) Security Cleared
4 6 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (2.76%) SC Cleared
5 4 (1.84%) Master's Degree
6 3 (1.38%) MCSE
6 3 (1.38%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 2 (0.92%) CISSP
7 2 (0.92%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.46%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.46%) CCSP
8 1 (0.46%) CEH
8 1 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.46%) CompTIA Security+
8 1 (0.46%) ISEB
8 1 (0.46%) OCP
8 1 (0.46%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (14.29%) QA
2 2 (0.92%) Accessibility
2 2 (0.92%) GDPR
3 1 (0.46%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.46%) NIST
3 1 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 50 (23.04%) Docker
2 9 (4.15%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.46%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 34 (15.67%) Terraform
2 30 (13.82%) Ansible
3 28 (12.90%) Kubernetes
4 25 (11.52%) Puppet
5 20 (9.22%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.38%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (1.38%) Rundeck
7 2 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
7 2 (0.92%) Packer
8 1 (0.46%) Consul
8 1 (0.46%) Control-M
8 1 (0.46%) Grafana
8 1 (0.46%) Kibana
8 1 (0.46%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.46%) Salt
8 1 (0.46%) vRealize
8 1 (0.46%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 52 (23.96%) Microsoft
2 17 (7.83%) Xamarin
3 11 (5.07%) Google
4 10 (4.61%) Cloudera
5 7 (3.23%) Oracle
6 4 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
6 4 (1.84%) VMware
7 3 (1.38%) Adobe
7 3 (1.38%) HP
7 3 (1.38%) Percona
7 3 (1.38%) Perforce
7 3 (1.38%) SaltStack
7 3 (1.38%) Veracode
8 2 (0.92%) Databricks
8 2 (0.92%) Nintex
8 2 (0.92%) Pega
8 2 (0.92%) Perfecto Mobile
8 2 (0.92%) SAP
8 2 (0.92%) Sybase
9 1 (0.46%) ION Trading