Period
to 2 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Deep Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Deep Learning over the 6 months to 2 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Deep Learning
UK
6 months to
2 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 553 569 593
Rank change year-on-year +16 +24 -33
Permanent jobs citing Deep Learning 514 241 639
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.35% 0.44%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.48% 0.38% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 199 202 517
10th Percentile £37,500 £41,375 £34,955
25th Percentile £51,250 £52,813 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -
75th Percentile £87,500 £95,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £103,750 £114,500 £96,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £75,000 £56,250 £52,500
% change year-on-year +33.33% +7.14% -

Deep Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 106,102 62,992 133,680
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.77% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,296 50,993 106,655
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,222 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Deep Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Deep Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Deep Learning in the UK

Deep Learning
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Deep Learning.

Salary trend for Deep Learning in the UK

Deep Learning
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Deep Learning over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Deep Learning in the UK

Deep Learning
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Deep Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 2 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 424 £70,000 - 55
London -41 264 £80,000 - 28
UK excluding London +19 229 £75,000 +33.33% 33
South West +3 87 £43,750 -27.08% 7
Northern Ireland +23 68 £77,500 +40.91% 5
Work from Home -228 48 £77,500 +14.81% 10
East of England -15 31 £40,000 -27.27% 8
South East -100 24 £44,345 -6.64% 5
Scotland -60 9 £87,500 -2.78% 1
North West -43 8 £85,000 +47.83% 3
North of England -84 8 £85,000 +54.55% 5
Midlands -77 2 £61,250 +6.52% 2
West Midlands -78 2 £61,250 +6.52% 1

For the 6 months to 2 August 2021, IT jobs citing Deep Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Deep Learning.

1 361 (70.23%) Python
2 339 (65.95%) Machine Learning
3 319 (62.06%) Artificial Intelligence
4 231 (44.94%) Computer Vision
5 211 (41.05%) Computer Science
6 185 (35.99%) AWS
7 182 (35.41%) Software Engineering
8 181 (35.21%) PhD
9 179 (34.82%) Data Science
10 172 (33.46%) Algorithms
11 170 (33.07%) TensorFlow
12 162 (31.52%) Degree
13 158 (30.74%) PyTorch
14 139 (27.04%) Natural Language Processing
15 116 (22.57%) Neural Network
16 115 (22.37%) Social Skills
17 114 (22.18%) C++
18 113 (21.98%) Analytics
19 105 (20.43%) Mathematics
20 91 (17.70%) JavaScript
21 88 (17.12%) Docker
22 87 (16.93%) SQL
23 86 (16.73%) Agile Software Development
23 86 (16.73%) Big Data
24 84 (16.34%) React
24 84 (16.34%) Visualisation
25 83 (16.15%) Kubernetes
26 82 (15.95%) Analytical Skills
27 78 (15.18%) Microservices
28 74 (14.40%) Azure

Deep Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (10.31%) Apache Spark
2 18 (3.50%) IBM Domino
3 10 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (1.17%) Tornado
5 4 (0.78%) Apache
6 3 (0.58%) Jupyter
7 2 (0.39%) nginx
8 1 (0.19%) SAS
Applications
1 48 (9.34%) Simulink
2 33 (6.42%) Stateflow
3 21 (4.09%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.58%) GNU Octave
5 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.19%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 4 (0.78%) Summit
2 1 (0.19%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 185 (35.99%) AWS
2 74 (14.40%) Azure
3 72 (14.01%) Cloud Computing
3 72 (14.01%) SaaS
4 69 (13.42%) Serverless
5 53 (10.31%) GCP
6 43 (8.37%) AWS Lambda
7 39 (7.59%) Amazon S3
8 36 (7.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (6.61%) CloudFront
10 16 (3.11%) Amazon ECS
11 10 (1.95%) Amazon SageMaker
11 10 (1.95%) GitHub
11 10 (1.95%) IaaS
12 9 (1.75%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 8 (1.56%) Azure LUIS
13 8 (1.56%) Power Platform
14 6 (1.17%) Azure Storage
15 5 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
16 4 (0.78%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 33 (6.42%) Internet
2 16 (3.11%) SSL
3 2 (0.39%) 3G
3 2 (0.39%) 4G
3 2 (0.39%) Bluetooth
3 2 (0.39%) Wi-Fi
3 2 (0.39%) Wireless
4 1 (0.19%) NAS
4 1 (0.19%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (16.73%) Big Data
2 61 (11.87%) NoSQL
3 42 (8.17%) MongoDB
4 36 (7.00%) PostgreSQL
5 34 (6.61%) Amazon RDS
6 24 (4.67%) Data Mining
7 22 (4.28%) Hadoop
8 18 (3.50%) Amazon Aurora
8 18 (3.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 18 (3.50%) MySQL
9 14 (2.72%) Geospatial Data
10 10 (1.95%) GIS
10 10 (1.95%) Neo4j
11 7 (1.36%) Relational Database
11 7 (1.36%) Tableau
12 6 (1.17%) SQL Server
12 6 (1.17%) SQL Server 2016
13 5 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.97%) Text Mining
14 4 (0.78%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 50 (9.73%) Git (software)
2 45 (8.75%) Jenkins
3 14 (2.72%) webpack
4 9 (1.75%) Babel
5 7 (1.36%) gulp
6 6 (1.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 6 (1.17%) Vagrant
7 3 (0.58%) Bitbucket
7 3 (0.58%) GitLab
8 1 (0.19%) JIRA
8 1 (0.19%) Subversion
General
1 115 (22.37%) Social Skills
2 82 (15.95%) Analytical Skills
3 70 (13.62%) Games
4 42 (8.17%) Marketing
5 29 (5.64%) Presentation Skills
6 27 (5.25%) Finance
7 24 (4.67%) Manufacturing
8 14 (2.72%) Retail
9 13 (2.53%) Banking
10 11 (2.14%) Law
10 11 (2.14%) Telecoms
11 10 (1.95%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 9 (1.75%) Legal
13 8 (1.56%) Advertising
13 8 (1.56%) Pharmaceutical
14 7 (1.36%) Public Sector
15 6 (1.17%) Electronics
16 5 (0.97%) Organisational Skills
17 2 (0.39%) Investment Banking
17 2 (0.39%) Japanese Language
Job Titles
1 81 (15.76%) Developer
2 72 (14.01%) Data Scientist
3 71 (13.81%) Software Engineer
4 47 (9.14%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 40 (7.78%) Computer Engineer
5 40 (7.78%) Computer Vision Engineer
5 40 (7.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 31 (6.03%) Senior Developer
7 30 (5.84%) Data Engineer
8 29 (5.64%) Senior Data Scientist
9 23 (4.47%) Cloud Engineer
9 23 (4.47%) Cloud Software Engineer
10 22 (4.28%) Systems Engineer
11 21 (4.09%) Senior Front-End Developer
12 20 (3.89%) Python Engineer
13 18 (3.50%) DevOps Engineer
13 18 (3.50%) Graduate
13 18 (3.50%) Senior DevOps
13 18 (3.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 16 (3.11%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (33.07%) TensorFlow
2 158 (30.74%) PyTorch
3 84 (16.34%) React
4 66 (12.84%) Keras
5 64 (12.45%) scikit-learn
6 57 (11.09%) HTML
7 53 (10.31%) OpenCV
8 51 (9.92%) CSS
9 40 (7.78%) AngularJS
10 36 (7.00%) Node.js
11 35 (6.81%) Pandas
12 32 (6.23%) HTML5
13 29 (5.64%) Web Services
14 28 (5.45%) Django
14 28 (5.45%) Vue.js
15 27 (5.25%) REST
16 25 (4.86%) CSS3
16 25 (4.86%) Flask
17 23 (4.47%) NumPy
18 20 (3.89%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 172 (33.46%) Algorithms
2 64 (12.45%) User Experience
3 45 (8.75%) Tandem
4 34 (6.61%) Augmented Reality
5 31 (6.03%) Robotics
6 25 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
7 18 (3.50%) CUDA
7 18 (3.50%) Social Gaming
8 12 (2.33%) Life Science
8 12 (2.33%) NHS
8 12 (2.33%) Social Media
9 11 (2.14%) Smart City
10 10 (1.95%) Data Structures
11 7 (1.36%) Blog
11 7 (1.36%) Cloud Native
11 7 (1.36%) Cyberattack
12 5 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (0.97%) Smartphone
13 4 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 3 (0.58%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 48 (9.34%) Linux
2 21 (4.09%) Apple iOS
3 14 (2.72%) Android
4 5 (0.97%) Unix
5 2 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
6 1 (0.19%) Debian
6 1 (0.19%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 339 (65.95%) Machine Learning
2 319 (62.06%) Artificial Intelligence
3 231 (44.94%) Computer Vision
4 211 (41.05%) Computer Science
5 182 (35.41%) Software Engineering
6 179 (34.82%) Data Science
7 139 (27.04%) Natural Language Processing
8 116 (22.57%) Neural Network
9 113 (21.98%) Analytics
10 105 (20.43%) Mathematics
11 86 (16.73%) Agile Software Development
12 84 (16.34%) Visualisation
13 78 (15.18%) Microservices
14 64 (12.45%) Kalman Filter
15 63 (12.26%) Front End Development
16 61 (11.87%) Validation
17 60 (11.67%) Problem-Solving
18 59 (11.48%) Open Source
18 59 (11.48%) Statistics
19 56 (10.89%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 361 (70.23%) Python
2 114 (22.18%) C++
3 91 (17.70%) JavaScript
4 87 (16.93%) SQL
5 64 (12.45%) MATLAB
6 51 (9.92%) C
7 49 (9.53%) R
8 37 (7.20%) Java
9 35 (6.81%) TypeScript
10 34 (6.61%) ES6
11 21 (4.09%) Elixir
11 21 (4.09%) Erlang
11 21 (4.09%) ML
12 18 (3.50%) Elm
12 18 (3.50%) PureScript
13 12 (2.33%) Scala
14 11 (2.14%) C#
14 11 (2.14%) Perl
15 10 (1.95%) Go
16 9 (1.75%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 181 (35.21%) PhD
2 162 (31.52%) Degree
3 41 (7.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (7.59%) Master's Degree
5 26 (5.06%) Security Cleared
6 18 (3.50%) SC Cleared
7 7 (1.36%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (1.17%) AWS Certification
8 6 (1.17%) MCSA
8 6 (1.17%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.78%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.19%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.19%) MPhil
10 1 (0.19%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.19%) PMP
10 1 (0.19%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (8.37%) QA
2 9 (1.75%) Accessibility
3 7 (1.36%) GxP
4 6 (1.17%) Data Quality
System Software
1 88 (17.12%) Docker
2 6 (1.17%) VirtualBox
3 2 (0.39%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 83 (16.15%) Kubernetes
2 10 (1.95%) Terraform
3 9 (1.75%) Ansible
4 6 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
5 3 (0.58%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 60 (11.67%) Google
2 22 (4.28%) OpenAI
3 19 (3.70%) Instagram
4 15 (2.92%) Databricks
4 15 (2.92%) Microsoft
5 13 (2.53%) IBM
6 12 (2.33%) Facebook
7 11 (2.14%) BT
7 11 (2.14%) Dataiku
8 6 (1.17%) Cloudera
8 6 (1.17%) Hortonworks
9 5 (0.97%) Alias
9 5 (0.97%) Oracle
9 5 (0.97%) Twitter
9 5 (0.97%) YouTube
10 4 (0.78%) Algorithmics
10 4 (0.78%) Huawei
11 3 (0.58%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.58%) Qubit
11 3 (0.58%) Yahoo!