Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Mathematics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mathematics over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Mathematics (Maths)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 141 133 147
Rank change year-on-year -8 +14 -37
Permanent jobs citing Mathematics 3,237 1,194 3,371
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.58% 2.47% 2.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.74% 2.65% 2.67%
Number of salaries quoted 1,460 979 2,659
10th Percentile £29,750 £31,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,750 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year -4.09% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £81,250 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,250 £110,000 £98,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +12.50% -5.88%

Mathematics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 118,311 45,094 126,251
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.22% 93.12% 92.62%
Number of salaries quoted 78,392 37,630 100,617
10th Percentile £32,750 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Mathematics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mathematics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Mathematics.

Salary trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Mathematics over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mathematics within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 2,854 £53,651 -2.45% 673
UK excluding London +20 1,635 £50,000 +11.11% 525
London -20 1,303 £70,000 -6.67% 174
Work from Home -31 582 £53,500 -2.73% 83
South East -10 549 £50,000 +2.04% 109
East of England +15 283 £50,000 -9.09% 74
South West +16 259 £40,000 -3.61% 70
North of England +1 235 £50,000 - 154
Midlands -15 178 £45,000 +5.88% 93
Yorkshire -25 136 £50,000 -9.09% 42
West Midlands -37 131 £47,500 +11.76% 51
North West -43 85 £40,000 -9.09% 77
Wales +9 74 £35,000 -22.22% 9
Scotland -76 50 £47,500 +11.76% 14
East Midlands -42 46 £32,500 +3.17% 42
North East -24 14 £43,500 +16.00% 35
Isle of Man +1 10 - -
Northern Ireland -47 4 - - 5

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Mathematics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mathematics.

1 2,018 (62.34%) Degree
2 1,612 (49.80%) Computer Science
3 1,226 (37.87%) Social Skills
4 1,019 (31.48%) Python
5 864 (26.69%) SQL
6 843 (26.04%) Agile Software Development
7 814 (25.15%) Analytics
8 755 (23.32%) Statistics
9 727 (22.46%) Problem-Solving
10 723 (22.34%) Analytical Skills
11 704 (21.75%) Finance
12 670 (20.70%) Software Engineering
13 645 (19.93%) Machine Learning
14 611 (18.88%) Data Science
15 592 (18.29%) Physics
16 573 (17.70%) JavaScript
17 558 (17.24%) Computer Science Degree
18 547 (16.90%) Java
19 532 (16.43%) C#
20 482 (14.89%) Algorithms
21 476 (14.70%) C++
22 470 (14.52%) Azure
23 461 (14.24%) AWS
24 455 (14.06%) Artificial Intelligence
25 425 (13.13%) Microsoft
26 398 (12.30%) C
27 385 (11.89%) Mentoring
28 368 (11.37%) Visualisation
29 366 (11.31%) Business Intelligence
30 365 (11.28%) Numerate Degree

Mathematics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 344 (10.63%) SAS
2 130 (4.02%) Apache Spark
3 51 (1.58%) CMS
4 33 (1.02%) Appian
5 31 (0.96%) Apache
6 30 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
7 27 (0.83%) Confluence
7 27 (0.83%) SharePoint
8 24 (0.74%) Tomcat
9 21 (0.65%) JBoss
10 19 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
11 16 (0.49%) MS Exchange
12 13 (0.40%) Ethereum
13 10 (0.31%) Hyperledger
13 10 (0.31%) IIS
14 8 (0.25%) nginx
14 8 (0.25%) OpenStack
15 7 (0.22%) Jupyter
16 6 (0.19%) IBM HTTP Server
17 5 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 258 (7.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 114 (3.52%) Microsoft Office
3 69 (2.13%) Simulink
4 45 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 39 (1.20%) Stateflow
6 25 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
7 15 (0.46%) SPSS
8 11 (0.34%) MS Visio
9 9 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
10 7 (0.22%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.22%) Stata
11 6 (0.19%) Chatbot
11 6 (0.19%) InDesign
12 5 (0.15%) S-PLUS
13 4 (0.12%) Sketch
14 3 (0.093%) CPLEX
14 3 (0.093%) OmniGraffle
15 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
15 1 (0.031%) EViews
15 1 (0.031%) Figma
Business Applications
1 16 (0.49%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 11 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 10 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
3 10 (0.31%) R3 Corda
4 6 (0.19%) Shopify
5 5 (0.15%) NetSuite
5 5 (0.15%) Oracle Clinical
6 4 (0.12%) Summit
7 3 (0.093%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.093%) iTrent
8 2 (0.062%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.062%) FINCAD Analytics
8 2 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.062%) Sprinklr
8 2 (0.062%) Teamcenter
9 1 (0.031%) Minerva
9 1 (0.031%) SAP HR
9 1 (0.031%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.031%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 470 (14.52%) Azure
2 461 (14.24%) AWS
3 279 (8.62%) Power Platform
4 232 (7.17%) GCP
5 133 (4.11%) SaaS
6 121 (3.74%) Serverless
7 113 (3.49%) GitHub
8 108 (3.34%) OpenShift
9 85 (2.63%) Cloud Computing
10 83 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
11 74 (2.29%) Amazon S3
12 56 (1.73%) Microsoft 365
13 53 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
14 52 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
15 42 (1.30%) Amazon Cognito
16 40 (1.24%) Snowflake
17 37 (1.14%) Azure Data Factory
18 34 (1.05%) PaaS
19 33 (1.02%) Heroku
19 33 (1.02%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 61 (1.88%) Internet
2 56 (1.73%) Kerberos
3 39 (1.20%) HTTP
4 33 (1.02%) TCP/IP
5 32 (0.99%) SMS
6 23 (0.71%) Broadband
6 23 (0.71%) Ethernet
7 22 (0.68%) Wireless
8 18 (0.56%) DNS
9 14 (0.43%) VPN
10 13 (0.40%) Firewall
10 13 (0.40%) Modbus
11 12 (0.37%) WAN
11 12 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
12 10 (0.31%) Network Security
13 8 (0.25%) LAN
13 8 (0.25%) VLAN
14 7 (0.22%) Bluetooth
14 7 (0.22%) DHCP
14 7 (0.22%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 302 (9.33%) NoSQL
2 242 (7.48%) Tableau
3 228 (7.04%) SQL Server
4 223 (6.89%) Big Data
5 219 (6.77%) Power BI
6 134 (4.14%) Relational Database
7 109 (3.37%) MongoDB
8 103 (3.18%) PostgreSQL
9 94 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
10 91 (2.81%) MySQL
11 90 (2.78%) Spotfire
12 88 (2.72%) Data Mining
13 74 (2.29%) Hadoop
14 64 (1.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 64 (1.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 53 (1.64%) MS Access
16 51 (1.58%) Redis
17 50 (1.54%) BigQuery
18 46 (1.42%) Base SAS
19 42 (1.30%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 326 (10.07%) Git (software)
2 172 (5.31%) Jenkins
3 104 (3.21%) JIRA
4 91 (2.81%) Selenium
5 76 (2.35%) GitLab
6 65 (2.01%) Maven
6 65 (2.01%) webpack
7 36 (1.11%) Visual Studio
8 34 (1.05%) NUnit
9 33 (1.02%) SpecFlow
10 30 (0.93%) Log4Net
11 26 (0.80%) Gradle
12 25 (0.77%) CircleCI
13 22 (0.68%) git-flow
13 22 (0.68%) Subversion
14 18 (0.56%) Travis CI
15 17 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
16 16 (0.49%) Cypress.io
16 16 (0.49%) Rational DOORS
17 14 (0.43%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,226 (37.87%) Social Skills
2 723 (22.34%) Analytical Skills
3 704 (21.75%) Finance
4 341 (10.53%) Pharmaceutical
5 236 (7.29%) Marketing
6 219 (6.77%) Games
7 186 (5.75%) Banking
8 151 (4.66%) Retail
9 119 (3.68%) Law
10 118 (3.65%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 94 (2.90%) Presentation Skills
12 93 (2.87%) Investment Banking
13 92 (2.84%) Manufacturing
14 88 (2.72%) Organisational Skills
15 83 (2.56%) Front Office
16 79 (2.44%) Advertising
17 77 (2.38%) Electronics
18 71 (2.19%) Legal
19 65 (2.01%) Aerospace
20 60 (1.85%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 741 (22.89%) Developer
2 514 (15.88%) Analyst
3 404 (12.48%) Software Engineer
4 319 (9.85%) Programmer
5 207 (6.39%) Data Scientist
6 166 (5.13%) Statistical Programmer
7 165 (5.10%) Senior Developer
8 152 (4.70%) Data Analyst
9 142 (4.39%) Graduate
10 125 (3.86%) Software Developer
11 124 (3.83%) Architect
12 107 (3.31%) Full Stack Developer
13 106 (3.27%) Senior Programmer
14 101 (3.12%) .NET Developer
15 86 (2.66%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 82 (2.53%) Senior Software Engineer
17 78 (2.41%) Java Developer
18 71 (2.19%) Junior
19 67 (2.07%) Senior Analyst
20 63 (1.95%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 345 (10.66%) React
2 340 (10.50%) .NET
3 277 (8.56%) AngularJS
4 244 (7.54%) REST
5 236 (7.29%) Web Services
6 204 (6.30%) Node.js
7 186 (5.75%) HTML
8 144 (4.45%) CSS
9 142 (4.39%) TensorFlow
10 130 (4.02%) RESTful
11 127 (3.92%) .NET Core
12 122 (3.77%) Spring Boot
13 91 (2.81%) PyTorch
14 88 (2.72%) .NET Framework
15 82 (2.53%) Keras
16 79 (2.44%) Pandas
16 79 (2.44%) scikit-learn
17 78 (2.41%) Vue.js
18 76 (2.35%) Java EE
19 75 (2.32%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 482 (14.89%) Algorithms
2 215 (6.64%) Life Science
3 208 (6.43%) Self-Motivation
4 206 (6.36%) Management Information System
5 123 (3.80%) Data Structures
5 123 (3.80%) User Experience
6 112 (3.46%) Robotics
7 103 (3.18%) Equities
8 82 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
9 79 (2.44%) Virtual Team
10 70 (2.16%) Derivative
10 70 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 67 (2.07%) Blog
12 62 (1.92%) Renewable Energy
13 55 (1.70%) Biotechnology
14 46 (1.42%) CUDA
15 45 (1.39%) Social Media
16 41 (1.27%) Mobile App
17 39 (1.20%) Cloud Native
18 36 (1.11%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 232 (7.17%) Linux
2 158 (4.88%) Windows
3 78 (2.41%) Unix
4 52 (1.61%) Apple iOS
5 50 (1.54%) Android
6 34 (1.05%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.77%) Windows 10
8 21 (0.65%) Windows 7
9 20 (0.62%) Windows 8
10 17 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
11 14 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
13 8 (0.25%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.22%) Solaris
14 7 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
16 4 (0.12%) Ubuntu
16 4 (0.12%) VxWorks
17 3 (0.093%) Kali Linux
18 2 (0.062%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,612 (49.80%) Computer Science
2 843 (26.04%) Agile Software Development
3 814 (25.15%) Analytics
4 755 (23.32%) Statistics
5 727 (22.46%) Problem-Solving
6 670 (20.70%) Software Engineering
7 645 (19.93%) Machine Learning
8 611 (18.88%) Data Science
9 592 (18.29%) Physics
10 455 (14.06%) Artificial Intelligence
11 385 (11.89%) Mentoring
12 368 (11.37%) Visualisation
13 366 (11.31%) Business Intelligence
14 348 (10.75%) DevOps
15 326 (10.07%) Full Stack Development
16 266 (8.22%) Risk Management
17 257 (7.94%) Data Management
18 253 (7.82%) Decision-Making
19 250 (7.72%) Data Analysis
20 243 (7.51%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,019 (31.48%) Python
2 864 (26.69%) SQL
3 573 (17.70%) JavaScript
4 547 (16.90%) Java
5 532 (16.43%) C#
6 476 (14.70%) C++
7 398 (12.30%) C
8 286 (8.84%) R
9 194 (5.99%) TypeScript
10 189 (5.84%) MATLAB
11 76 (2.35%) PowerShell
12 75 (2.32%) VBA
13 73 (2.26%) Perl
14 70 (2.16%) Java 8
15 55 (1.70%) Scala
16 50 (1.54%) Shell Script
17 49 (1.51%) SAS Macro
18 46 (1.42%) Kotlin
19 45 (1.39%) T-SQL
20 36 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 2,018 (62.34%) Degree
2 558 (17.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 365 (11.28%) Numerate Degree
4 278 (8.59%) PhD
5 245 (7.57%) Master's Degree
6 105 (3.24%) Security Cleared
7 83 (2.56%) SC Cleared
8 46 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
9 36 (1.11%) Six Sigma Green Belt
10 25 (0.77%) HND
11 21 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
12 17 (0.53%) HNC
12 17 (0.53%) MCSA
13 15 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
13 15 (0.46%) DV Cleared
14 13 (0.40%) AWS Certification
14 13 (0.40%) CISSP
14 13 (0.40%) MCSE
15 12 (0.37%) Chartered Engineer
15 12 (0.37%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (3.99%) CDISC
2 102 (3.15%) QA
3 92 (2.84%) Data Quality
4 65 (2.01%) GDPR
5 51 (1.58%) Good Clinical Practice
6 28 (0.86%) ISO 9001
7 27 (0.83%) GRC
8 16 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 14 (0.43%) Accessibility
10 12 (0.37%) NIST
11 11 (0.34%) Actionable Recommendations
12 10 (0.31%) Solvency II
13 9 (0.28%) PCI DSS
13 9 (0.28%) PMO
14 8 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
14 8 (0.25%) EMIR
14 8 (0.25%) MiFID
15 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 7 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 7 (0.22%) SLA
System Software
1 341 (10.53%) Docker
2 52 (1.61%) Active Directory
3 23 (0.71%) Hyper-V
4 20 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
5 18 (0.56%) ISA Server
6 15 (0.46%) Firmware
7 13 (0.40%) KVM
8 5 (0.15%) vSphere
8 5 (0.15%) XenApp
9 3 (0.093%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.062%) DFS Replication
10 2 (0.062%) iptables
10 2 (0.062%) LXC
10 2 (0.062%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.031%) HDFS
11 1 (0.031%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.031%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 325 (10.04%) Kubernetes
2 129 (3.99%) Ansible
3 90 (2.78%) Terraform
4 30 (0.93%) Grafana
4 30 (0.93%) Graphite
4 30 (0.93%) Graylog
4 30 (0.93%) Opsgenie
5 24 (0.74%) Puppet
6 21 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.49%) Kubeflow
8 13 (0.40%) Oracle EDQ
9 12 (0.37%) Nessus
10 7 (0.22%) Trend Micro Deep Security
11 5 (0.15%) Microsoft Intune
11 5 (0.15%) NetBackup
11 5 (0.15%) WSUS
12 4 (0.12%) Istio
12 4 (0.12%) Nmap
12 4 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.093%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 425 (13.13%) Microsoft
2 213 (6.58%) Google
3 151 (4.66%) Oracle
4 73 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
5 62 (1.92%) Red Hat
6 55 (1.70%) SAP
7 54 (1.67%) MuleSoft
8 48 (1.48%) Databricks
9 34 (1.05%) Automation Anywhere
10 33 (1.02%) Cisco
11 30 (0.93%) VMware
12 27 (0.83%) Facebook
12 27 (0.83%) Splunk
13 25 (0.77%) DoubleClick
14 24 (0.74%) Alteryx
15 22 (0.68%) IBM
16 21 (0.65%) OpenAI
17 17 (0.53%) Adobe
17 17 (0.53%) MathWorks
18 16 (0.49%) Saba