Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Mathematics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Mathematics over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Mathematics (Maths)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 135 151 108
Rank change year-on-year +16 -43 +6
Permanent jobs citing Mathematics 1,795 2,793 4,497
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.37% 2.29% 3.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.56% 2.48% 3.26%
Number of salaries quoted 1,396 2,302 3,782
Median annual salary £52,750 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.48% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £100,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £40,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% -3.61% -2.35%

Mathematics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 70,071 112,451 137,919
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.58% 92.04% 92.35%
Number of salaries quoted 54,831 90,161 110,278
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Mathematics
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Mathematics as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Mathematics.

Salary trend for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Mathematics over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Mathematics in the UK

Mathematics
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Mathematics within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 1,612 £54,000 +2.86% 484
UK excluding London +15 1,001 £45,000 +12.50% 352
London -2 687 £67,500 +3.85% 155
South East -2 308 £50,000 +25.00% 103
Work from Home +54 277 £52,500 - 81
North of England +107 241 £47,500 +29.89% 70
South West -3 135 £50,000 +11.11% 35
East of England +54 123 £43,750 -7.89% 71
Yorkshire +92 118 £55,000 +120.00% 23
North West +59 112 £37,500 -0.41% 36
Midlands -14 102 £42,500 +19.72% 52
West Midlands -6 78 £42,500 +6.25% 35
Scotland +1 60 £42,500 -10.53% 12
East Midlands +11 24 £32,500 -4.41% 17
North East +11 11 £60,000 +67.83% 11
Northern Ireland +5 11 £42,500 +6.25% 2
Isle of Man - 11 - - 1
Wales +21 10 £37,000 +13.85% 8

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing Mathematics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Mathematics.

1 1,021 (56.88%) Degree
2 717 (39.94%) Computer Science
3 625 (34.82%) Python
4 619 (34.48%) SQL
5 438 (24.40%) Software Engineering
6 419 (23.34%) Finance
7 409 (22.79%) Physics
8 407 (22.67%) C#
9 392 (21.84%) Machine Learning
10 371 (20.67%) Agile Software Development
11 368 (20.50%) Problem-Solving
12 353 (19.67%) Analytical Skills
13 343 (19.11%) Analytics
14 325 (18.11%) Java
15 315 (17.55%) Data Science
16 310 (17.27%) Statistics
17 285 (15.88%) JavaScript
18 266 (14.82%) Algorithms
19 257 (14.32%) AWS
20 249 (13.87%) C++
21 242 (13.48%) C
22 237 (13.20%) Computer Science Degree
23 236 (13.15%) Numerate Degree
23 236 (13.15%) Business Intelligence
24 234 (13.04%) Azure
25 221 (12.31%) .NET
26 219 (12.20%) Artificial Intelligence
27 218 (12.14%) Microsoft
28 198 (11.03%) Big Data
29 184 (10.25%) PhD

Mathematics
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (5.18%) SAS
2 84 (4.68%) Apache Spark
3 20 (1.11%) MS Exchange
4 15 (0.84%) Apache
5 11 (0.61%) Confluence
6 10 (0.56%) Apache Pig
6 10 (0.56%) CMS
7 9 (0.50%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.39%) ArcGIS
8 7 (0.39%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.39%) Jupyter
8 7 (0.39%) OpenStack
9 6 (0.33%) WordPress
10 5 (0.28%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.22%) nginx
11 4 (0.22%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.17%) Drupal
12 3 (0.17%) IIS
13 2 (0.11%) Liferay
13 2 (0.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 109 (6.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (2.73%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (2.51%) Simulink
4 30 (1.67%) Stateflow
5 19 (1.06%) SPSS
6 18 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 12 (0.67%) Spreadsheet
8 11 (0.61%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.33%) Gephi
10 5 (0.28%) SOLIDWORKS
10 5 (0.28%) Stata
11 3 (0.17%) 3ds Max
11 3 (0.17%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.17%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.11%) Maya
13 1 (0.056%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.056%) GNU Octave
13 1 (0.056%) Mathcad
13 1 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.056%) MODO
Business Applications
1 12 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.45%) FINCAD Analytics
3 5 (0.28%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.11%) Shopify
5 1 (0.056%) Odoo
5 1 (0.056%) Oracle Clinical
5 1 (0.056%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 257 (14.32%) AWS
2 234 (13.04%) Azure
3 99 (5.52%) Power Platform
4 71 (3.96%) GCP
5 52 (2.90%) SaaS
6 35 (1.95%) GitHub
7 31 (1.73%) Microsoft 365
8 29 (1.62%) Google Analytics
9 17 (0.95%) Serverless
10 15 (0.84%) Amazon S3
10 15 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
10 15 (0.84%) Google Sheets
11 14 (0.78%) AdWords
12 12 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (0.67%) Slack
12 12 (0.67%) Veeva
13 11 (0.61%) Amazon Cognito
14 10 (0.56%) Amazon SageMaker
15 9 (0.50%) AWS Lambda
15 9 (0.50%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 32 (1.78%) Firewall
2 24 (1.34%) Internet
3 18 (1.00%) Wireless
4 17 (0.95%) DNS
5 15 (0.84%) Ethernet
6 14 (0.78%) HTTP
6 14 (0.78%) Skype
6 14 (0.78%) VPN
7 13 (0.72%) MPLS
8 12 (0.67%) Software-Defined Radio
9 10 (0.56%) Broadband
9 10 (0.56%) Software-Defined Networking
9 10 (0.56%) VoIP
10 9 (0.50%) SSL
10 9 (0.50%) WAN
11 8 (0.45%) BGP
11 8 (0.45%) Intrusion Detection
11 8 (0.45%) NAS
11 8 (0.45%) OSPF
11 8 (0.45%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (11.03%) Big Data
2 180 (10.03%) NoSQL
3 171 (9.53%) SQL Server
4 110 (6.13%) Tableau
5 99 (5.52%) Power BI
6 87 (4.85%) Relational Database
7 67 (3.73%) Data Warehouse
8 49 (2.73%) Data Mining
8 49 (2.73%) Hadoop
9 38 (2.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 34 (1.89%) Looker
11 33 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 30 (1.67%) MongoDB
13 27 (1.50%) MySQL
14 23 (1.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 22 (1.23%) PostgreSQL
16 21 (1.17%) Hazelcast
17 18 (1.00%) Amazon Redshift
17 18 (1.00%) QlikView
18 15 (0.84%) KDB
Development Applications
1 93 (5.18%) Git (software)
2 50 (2.79%) Selenium
3 35 (1.95%) JIRA
4 33 (1.84%) Visual Studio
5 28 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
6 21 (1.17%) Rational DOORS
7 19 (1.06%) GitLab
8 16 (0.89%) Cypress.io
9 15 (0.84%) Octopus Deploy
9 15 (0.84%) Subversion
10 14 (0.78%) git-flow
10 14 (0.78%) Jenkins
11 13 (0.72%) TeamCity
12 11 (0.61%) Bitbucket
13 10 (0.56%) Eclipse
14 8 (0.45%) CircleCI
15 7 (0.39%) Rational Team Concert
16 6 (0.33%) Bitbucket Server
16 6 (0.33%) MSTest
16 6 (0.33%) webpack
General
1 419 (23.34%) Finance
2 119 (6.63%) Marketing
3 94 (5.24%) Games
4 75 (4.18%) Electronics
5 73 (4.07%) Front Office
6 65 (3.62%) Pharmaceutical
7 62 (3.45%) Law
7 62 (3.45%) Retail
8 53 (2.95%) Banking
8 53 (2.95%) Manufacturing
9 51 (2.84%) Aerospace
10 45 (2.51%) Legal
11 35 (1.95%) Advertising
12 27 (1.50%) Public Sector
13 25 (1.39%) Military
14 23 (1.28%) Telecoms
15 22 (1.23%) Online Betting
16 21 (1.17%) Financial Institution
17 19 (1.06%) Automotive
18 14 (0.78%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 507 (28.25%) Developer
2 250 (13.93%) Software Engineer
3 220 (12.26%) Analyst
4 157 (8.75%) Data Scientist
5 154 (8.58%) Software Developer
6 104 (5.79%) Graduate
7 93 (5.18%) Senior Developer
8 90 (5.01%) C# Developer
9 83 (4.62%) Data Analyst
10 82 (4.57%) Junior
11 75 (4.18%) Java Developer
12 71 (3.96%) Data Engineer
13 69 (3.84%) Programmer
14 67 (3.73%) .NET Developer
15 50 (2.79%) Senior Data Scientist
16 48 (2.67%) Quantitative Developer
16 48 (2.67%) Statistical Programmer
17 45 (2.51%) Architect
17 45 (2.51%) IT Support
18 44 (2.45%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 221 (12.31%) .NET
2 146 (8.13%) React
3 136 (7.58%) Node.js
4 97 (5.40%) HTML
5 95 (5.29%) .NET Core
6 92 (5.13%) AngularJS
6 92 (5.13%) CSS
7 76 (4.23%) TensorFlow
8 71 (3.96%) Natural Language Processing
8 71 (3.96%) Vue.js
9 54 (3.01%) Kafka
10 52 (2.90%) PyTorch
11 51 (2.84%) REST
12 50 (2.79%) RabbitMQ
13 46 (2.56%) .NET Framework
13 46 (2.56%) HTML5
13 46 (2.56%) Spring
14 40 (2.23%) Web Services
15 38 (2.12%) WPF
16 35 (1.95%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 353 (19.67%) Analytical Skills
2 266 (14.82%) Algorithms
3 94 (5.24%) Self-Motivation
4 68 (3.79%) Management Information System
5 67 (3.73%) Greenfield Project
6 60 (3.34%) User Experience
7 52 (2.90%) Hedge funds
8 49 (2.73%) Equities
9 42 (2.34%) Life Science
10 40 (2.23%) Data Structures
10 40 (2.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 36 (2.01%) Fixed Income
12 33 (1.84%) Robotics
13 28 (1.56%) Analytical Mindset
13 28 (1.56%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 25 (1.39%) Mobile App
14 25 (1.39%) Online Games
15 23 (1.28%) e-Learning
16 22 (1.23%) Derivative
16 22 (1.23%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 130 (7.24%) Linux
2 94 (5.24%) Windows
3 34 (1.89%) Android
4 28 (1.56%) Apple iOS
5 26 (1.45%) Unix
6 12 (0.67%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.50%) Windows 10
8 8 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.33%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.28%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.28%) VxWorks
11 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
13 2 (0.11%) CentOS
13 2 (0.11%) Debian
13 2 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.11%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.056%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.056%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 717 (39.94%) Computer Science
2 438 (24.40%) Software Engineering
3 409 (22.79%) Physics
4 392 (21.84%) Machine Learning
5 371 (20.67%) Agile Software Development
6 368 (20.50%) Problem-Solving
7 343 (19.11%) Analytics
8 315 (17.55%) Data Science
9 310 (17.27%) Statistics
10 236 (13.15%) Business Intelligence
11 219 (12.20%) Artificial Intelligence
12 177 (9.86%) Visualisation
13 166 (9.25%) Mentoring
14 151 (8.41%) TDD
15 130 (7.24%) ETL
16 117 (6.52%) Scrum
17 116 (6.46%) OO
17 116 (6.46%) Project Management
17 116 (6.46%) Validation
18 115 (6.41%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 625 (34.82%) Python
2 619 (34.48%) SQL
3 407 (22.67%) C#
4 325 (18.11%) Java
5 285 (15.88%) JavaScript
6 249 (13.87%) C++
7 242 (13.48%) C
8 156 (8.69%) R
9 89 (4.96%) MATLAB
10 74 (4.12%) TypeScript
11 42 (2.34%) Java 8
11 42 (2.34%) Scala
12 26 (1.45%) Bash Shell
12 26 (1.45%) Perl
13 24 (1.34%) Fortran
13 24 (1.34%) T-SQL
14 21 (1.17%) F#
15 19 (1.06%) VB.NET
16 14 (0.78%) PHP
16 14 (0.78%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,021 (56.88%) Degree
2 237 (13.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 236 (13.15%) Numerate Degree
4 184 (10.25%) PhD
5 116 (6.46%) Security Cleared
6 67 (3.73%) Master's Degree
6 67 (3.73%) SC Cleared
7 28 (1.56%) DV Cleared
8 20 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
9 18 (1.00%) CEH
9 18 (1.00%) CISSP
10 16 (0.89%) CompTIA Security+
11 14 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
11 14 (0.78%) Postgraduate
12 13 (0.72%) CCNA
13 11 (0.61%) CESG Certified Professional
13 11 (0.61%) CISM
13 11 (0.61%) CISMP
14 8 (0.45%) Chartered Engineer
14 8 (0.45%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (8.13%) QA
2 42 (2.34%) Data Quality
3 41 (2.28%) CDISC
4 38 (2.12%) GDPR
5 25 (1.39%) SLA
6 12 (0.67%) ISO 9001
6 12 (0.67%) MiFID
7 11 (0.61%) Dodd-Frank
7 11 (0.61%) EMIR
7 11 (0.61%) ISO 13485
8 9 (0.50%) PMO
9 8 (0.45%) Good Clinical Practice
9 8 (0.45%) ISO 26262
10 7 (0.39%) OASIS TOSCA
11 6 (0.33%) GxP
11 6 (0.33%) IEC 62304
12 5 (0.28%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.22%) IEC 61508
13 4 (0.22%) MISRA
13 4 (0.22%) MISRA C
System Software
1 164 (9.14%) Docker
2 22 (1.23%) Firmware
3 21 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.00%) Active Directory
5 11 (0.61%) KVM
6 8 (0.45%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.33%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.17%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.056%) IAG
10 1 (0.056%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 158 (8.80%) Kubernetes
2 20 (1.11%) Terraform
3 9 (0.50%) Ansible
4 8 (0.45%) Puppet
5 6 (0.33%) Kibana
5 6 (0.33%) Oozie
5 6 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.28%) Sonobuoy
7 4 (0.22%) FortiGate
7 4 (0.22%) HAProxy
7 4 (0.22%) Istio
8 3 (0.17%) SCCM
9 2 (0.11%) BMC PATROL
9 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
10 1 (0.056%) Nexpose
10 1 (0.056%) QRadar
Vendors
1 218 (12.14%) Microsoft
2 107 (5.96%) Google
3 46 (2.56%) Databricks
4 35 (1.95%) SAP
5 32 (1.78%) Oracle
6 29 (1.62%) VMware
7 26 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
8 21 (1.17%) Cisco
9 18 (1.00%) Twitter
10 16 (0.89%) Apple
10 16 (0.89%) Facebook
10 16 (0.89%) YouTube
11 12 (0.67%) Kenshoo
11 12 (0.67%) Marin
11 12 (0.67%) Siebel
12 11 (0.61%) Cloudera
13 9 (0.50%) App Annie
13 9 (0.50%) Atlassian
13 9 (0.50%) Blue Prism
14 8 (0.45%) TIBCO