Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 122 119 155
Rank change year-on-year -3 +36 +40
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 1,706 3,312 3,448
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.61% 2.65% 2.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.83% 2.88% 2.49%
Number of salaries quoted 1,622 2,718 2,676
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £102,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £53,550 £50,000
% change year-on-year +7.38% +7.10% -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,313 114,969 138,225
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.40% 92.10% 92.26%
Number of salaries quoted 48,609 92,106 110,401
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,125 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.52% +2.22% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 1,560 £65,000 - 335
London +1 973 £72,500 - 190
UK excluding London +10 651 £57,500 +7.38% 161
Work from Home +29 324 £67,500 +12.50% 62
South East +19 157 £60,000 +9.09% 32
South West 0 138 £55,000 +4.76% 13
North of England +9 129 £55,000 - 47
North West +3 76 £57,500 +4.55% 32
East of England +32 73 £65,000 +18.18% 30
Scotland +17 70 £57,000 +11.22% 12
Midlands +43 59 £50,250 -8.64% 23
West Midlands +20 41 £50,000 -9.09% 16
Yorkshire -1 29 £54,000 -1.82% 9
North East +29 24 £55,000 +32.53% 6
East Midlands +51 18 £50,500 +1.00% 7
Northern Ireland +24 13 £42,500 -34.62% 2
Wales +4 11 £45,000 -10.00% 3
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,096 (64.24%) Python
2 801 (46.95%) Machine Learning
3 693 (40.62%) Analytics
4 625 (36.64%) SQL
5 524 (30.72%) AWS
6 488 (28.60%) Agile Software Development
7 439 (25.73%) Artificial Intelligence
8 391 (22.92%) Big Data
9 372 (21.81%) Azure
10 324 (18.99%) Business Intelligence
11 323 (18.93%) Degree
12 309 (18.11%) Java
13 302 (17.70%) R
14 298 (17.47%) Visualisation
15 294 (17.23%) Finance
16 284 (16.65%) DevOps
17 277 (16.24%) Docker
18 272 (15.94%) ETL
18 272 (15.94%) Computer Science
19 260 (15.24%) Apache Spark
20 248 (14.54%) Mathematics
21 242 (14.19%) Software Engineering
22 238 (13.95%) Algorithms
22 238 (13.95%) GCP
23 223 (13.07%) Analytical Skills
24 220 (12.90%) Data Warehouse
25 217 (12.72%) Data Engineering
26 208 (12.19%) Statistics
27 206 (12.08%) Data Analytics
28 196 (11.49%) Kubernetes

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (15.24%) Apache Spark
2 71 (4.16%) SAS
3 62 (3.63%) Elasticsearch
4 56 (3.28%) Apache Airflow
5 52 (3.05%) Apache
6 50 (2.93%) Confluence
7 27 (1.58%) Jupyter
8 13 (0.76%) Luigi
8 13 (0.76%) Tornado
9 11 (0.64%) ArcGIS
10 10 (0.59%) OpenStack
11 8 (0.47%) Apache Pig
11 8 (0.47%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.29%) nginx
13 4 (0.23%) Jadu
14 3 (0.18%) IBM Domino
15 2 (0.12%) Liferay
15 2 (0.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 2 (0.12%) Umbraco
16 1 (0.059%) WordPress
Applications
1 42 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.35%) SPSS
3 11 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.18%) Figma
5 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.18%) SPSS Modeler
6 1 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.059%) InVision
6 1 (0.059%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.059%) Sketch
6 1 (0.059%) Stata
6 1 (0.059%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 8 (0.47%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.18%) Cognos Business Intelligence
2 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.059%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.059%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.059%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.059%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 524 (30.72%) AWS
2 372 (21.81%) Azure
3 238 (13.95%) GCP
4 162 (9.50%) Power Platform
5 79 (4.63%) SaaS
6 68 (3.99%) Serverless
7 43 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
8 42 (2.46%) Amazon S3
9 39 (2.29%) Amazon SageMaker
10 38 (2.23%) GitHub
11 34 (1.99%) PaaS
12 31 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
13 25 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
14 24 (1.41%) Trello
15 23 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
15 23 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
16 21 (1.23%) Amazon EKS
17 17 (1.00%) Azure Data Factory
18 16 (0.94%) IaaS
19 15 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 51 (2.99%) Firewall
2 46 (2.70%) Internet
3 26 (1.52%) OSPF
4 25 (1.47%) VPN
5 22 (1.29%) IPv4
6 21 (1.23%) VLAN
7 19 (1.11%) HTTP
8 16 (0.94%) DNS
9 10 (0.59%) TCP/IP
10 7 (0.41%) Network Security
10 7 (0.41%) SSL
11 5 (0.29%) BGP
11 5 (0.29%) BIG-IP
11 5 (0.29%) LAN
11 5 (0.29%) WAN
12 4 (0.23%) Broadband
12 4 (0.23%) SAN
13 3 (0.18%) 802.11
13 3 (0.18%) DMZ
13 3 (0.18%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 391 (22.92%) Big Data
2 220 (12.90%) Data Warehouse
3 186 (10.90%) Hadoop
4 175 (10.26%) Tableau
5 158 (9.26%) Power BI
6 150 (8.79%) SQL Server
7 146 (8.56%) PostgreSQL
8 142 (8.32%) NoSQL
9 119 (6.98%) Data Lake
10 108 (6.33%) Data Mining
11 91 (5.33%) Amazon Redshift
12 85 (4.98%) MongoDB
13 73 (4.28%) Looker
13 73 (4.28%) Relational Database
14 70 (4.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 69 (4.04%) Snowflake Schema
16 67 (3.93%) BigQuery
17 49 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
18 45 (2.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 44 (2.58%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 155 (9.09%) Git (software)
2 127 (7.44%) JIRA
3 95 (5.57%) Jenkins
4 22 (1.29%) GitLab
5 19 (1.11%) Maven
6 17 (1.00%) Subversion
7 12 (0.70%) Visual Studio
8 11 (0.64%) Cypress.io
9 10 (0.59%) Appium
9 10 (0.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (0.59%) Cucumber
9 10 (0.59%) Protractor
9 10 (0.59%) Selenium
10 8 (0.47%) Bitbucket
11 7 (0.41%) Jasmine
11 7 (0.41%) Oracle APEX
12 6 (0.35%) TeamCity
13 4 (0.23%) git-flow
13 4 (0.23%) Team Foundation Server
14 3 (0.18%) CircleCI
General
1 294 (17.23%) Finance
2 160 (9.38%) Marketing
3 87 (5.10%) Banking
4 60 (3.52%) Retail
5 46 (2.70%) Games
5 46 (2.70%) Public Sector
6 36 (2.11%) Law
6 36 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 32 (1.88%) Pharmaceutical
8 31 (1.82%) Legal
9 25 (1.47%) Manufacturing
10 22 (1.29%) Advertising
11 18 (1.06%) Front Office
12 14 (0.82%) Electronics
13 13 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.64%) Back Office
15 8 (0.47%) Humanities
16 7 (0.41%) Aerospace
17 5 (0.29%) Brand Awareness
17 5 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 411 (24.09%) Data Scientist
2 296 (17.35%) Data Engineer
3 260 (15.24%) Developer
4 115 (6.74%) Senior Data Scientist
5 86 (5.04%) Analyst
6 80 (4.69%) Architect
7 77 (4.51%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 74 (4.34%) Python Engineer
9 70 (4.10%) Software Engineer
10 58 (3.40%) Consultant
11 56 (3.28%) DevOps Engineer
12 55 (3.22%) Python Developer
13 52 (3.05%) Senior Developer
14 51 (2.99%) Data Analyst
15 49 (2.87%) Data Architect
16 38 (2.23%) Azure Engineer
16 38 (2.23%) Head of Data Science
16 38 (2.23%) Product Manager
17 37 (2.17%) Junior
18 36 (2.11%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (9.85%) Kafka
2 155 (9.09%) Natural Language Processing
3 120 (7.03%) TensorFlow
4 112 (6.57%) Node.js
5 80 (4.69%) scikit-learn
6 76 (4.45%) Web Services
7 67 (3.93%) Pandas
8 65 (3.81%) React
9 63 (3.69%) NumPy
10 54 (3.17%) .NET
11 52 (3.05%) PyTorch
12 49 (2.87%) CSS
12 49 (2.87%) HTML
13 45 (2.64%) Keras
14 40 (2.34%) SciPy
15 39 (2.29%) AngularJS
16 38 (2.23%) PySpark
16 38 (2.23%) REST
17 32 (1.88%) Spring
18 31 (1.82%) Apache NiFi
Miscellaneous
1 238 (13.95%) Algorithms
2 223 (13.07%) Analytical Skills
3 85 (4.98%) Data Structures
4 65 (3.81%) Greenfield Project
5 62 (3.63%) Cloud Native
6 55 (3.22%) User Experience
7 54 (3.17%) Life Science
8 47 (2.75%) Public Cloud
9 44 (2.58%) Management Information System
10 39 (2.29%) Mobile App
11 32 (1.88%) Data Centre
12 28 (1.64%) Clustering
13 27 (1.58%) Cyberattack
14 25 (1.47%) Tandem
15 23 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
16 22 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
17 19 (1.11%) FMCG
17 19 (1.11%) Social Media
18 13 (0.76%) Analytical Mindset
18 13 (0.76%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 155 (9.09%) Linux
2 34 (1.99%) CentOS
3 29 (1.70%) Ubuntu
4 26 (1.52%) Windows
5 22 (1.29%) Unix
6 19 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.76%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
8 10 (0.59%) Android
9 9 (0.53%) Apple iOS
10 5 (0.29%) VMS
11 3 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.059%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.059%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.059%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 801 (46.95%) Machine Learning
2 693 (40.62%) Analytics
3 488 (28.60%) Agile Software Development
4 439 (25.73%) Artificial Intelligence
5 324 (18.99%) Business Intelligence
6 298 (17.47%) Visualisation
7 284 (16.65%) DevOps
8 272 (15.94%) Computer Science
8 272 (15.94%) ETL
9 248 (14.54%) Mathematics
10 242 (14.19%) Software Engineering
11 217 (12.72%) Data Engineering
12 208 (12.19%) Statistics
13 206 (12.08%) Data Analytics
14 179 (10.49%) Data Modelling
15 176 (10.32%) Data Visualisation
16 170 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
17 154 (9.03%) Deep Learning
18 132 (7.74%) Microservices
19 127 (7.44%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 1,096 (64.24%) Python
2 625 (36.64%) SQL
3 309 (18.11%) Java
4 302 (17.70%) R
5 157 (9.20%) Scala
6 147 (8.62%) JavaScript
7 119 (6.98%) Go
8 109 (6.39%) C
9 107 (6.27%) C#
10 96 (5.63%) C++
11 83 (4.87%) Bash Shell
12 55 (3.22%) TypeScript
13 31 (1.82%) PowerShell
13 31 (1.82%) T-SQL
14 29 (1.70%) MATLAB
15 13 (0.76%) Perl
15 13 (0.76%) Ruby
16 12 (0.70%) Shell Script
17 10 (0.59%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
17 10 (0.59%) ES6
Qualifications
1 323 (18.93%) Degree
2 144 (8.44%) PhD
3 83 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
4 73 (4.28%) Security Cleared
5 43 (2.52%) Master's Degree
6 40 (2.34%) Numerate Degree
7 31 (1.82%) SC Cleared
8 30 (1.76%) DV Cleared
9 20 (1.17%) AWS Certification
10 11 (0.64%) Postgraduate
11 10 (0.59%) GIAC
11 10 (0.59%) RHCE
12 8 (0.47%) MPhil
13 7 (0.41%) CISSP
14 4 (0.23%) MCSA
14 4 (0.23%) MCSE
14 4 (0.23%) MCTS
14 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.23%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.18%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (3.75%) Data Quality
2 49 (2.87%) QA
3 30 (1.76%) GDPR
4 11 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.53%) SLA
6 8 (0.47%) CDISC
6 8 (0.47%) Good Clinical Practice
6 8 (0.47%) NIST
7 6 (0.35%) NCSC
7 6 (0.35%) NIST 800
8 4 (0.23%) PMO
9 3 (0.18%) MiFID
9 3 (0.18%) WCAG
10 2 (0.12%) DICOM
10 2 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.12%) EMIR
10 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.059%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.059%) HL7
System Software
1 277 (16.24%) Docker
2 25 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (1.00%) VMware ESXi
4 15 (0.88%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.23%) HDFS
8 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.059%) NFS
9 1 (0.059%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 196 (11.49%) Kubernetes
2 105 (6.15%) Terraform
3 84 (4.92%) Ansible
4 58 (3.40%) Puppet
5 23 (1.35%) Grafana
5 23 (1.35%) Prometheus
6 12 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.47%) Istio
8 7 (0.41%) Mesos
9 6 (0.35%) Marathon
10 4 (0.23%) Kibana
10 4 (0.23%) Nagios
11 2 (0.12%) BMC PATROL
11 2 (0.12%) logstash
11 2 (0.12%) Oozie
11 2 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.059%) Docker Swarm
12 1 (0.059%) Icinga
12 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Intune
12 1 (0.059%) Rancher
Vendors
1 143 (8.38%) Google
2 135 (7.91%) Microsoft
3 88 (5.16%) Databricks
4 77 (4.51%) Oracle
5 35 (2.05%) SAP
6 33 (1.93%) Red Hat
7 31 (1.82%) VMware
8 27 (1.58%) Alteryx
9 24 (1.41%) Cloudera
10 21 (1.23%) Talend
11 18 (1.06%) Cognos
12 16 (0.94%) IBM
12 16 (0.94%) Informatica
13 14 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
14 12 (0.70%) PagerDuty
15 11 (0.64%) Splunk
16 9 (0.53%) Facebook
17 8 (0.47%) Dataiku
17 8 (0.47%) MuleSoft
18 7 (0.41%) SnapLogic