Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 83 133 131
Rank change year-on-year +50 -2 +45
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 4,719 1,193 3,618
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 2.40% 2.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.94% 2.58% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 2,389 1,027 2,777
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
75th Percentile £90,000 £81,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £95,000 £95,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 4,265 £70,000 +7.69% 454
London +35 2,842 £75,000 +5.26% 274
UK excluding London +40 1,487 £55,000 +4.76% 193
Work from Home +19 934 £67,500 +8.00% 100
South East +43 475 £60,000 +9.09% 51
South West +37 253 £49,250 -1.50% 23
North of England -24 251 £55,000 +10.00% 50
East of England +27 236 £57,500 -4.17% 27
North West -16 156 £60,000 +14.29% 31
Midlands -52 130 £60,000 +9.09% 25
Scotland -16 127 £47,500 - 7
West Midlands -63 81 £62,500 +13.64% 17
Yorkshire -42 74 £50,750 -5.58% 13
East Midlands -36 49 £39,000 -12.10% 8
North East -36 21 £51,500 +42.07% 6
Wales -64 14 £50,000 +17.65% 7
Northern Ireland -38 6 £61,000 +31.89% 4

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,941 (62.32%) Python
2 2,030 (43.02%) Analytics
3 1,958 (41.49%) Machine Learning
4 1,827 (38.72%) SQL
5 1,664 (35.26%) AWS
6 1,605 (34.01%) Agile Software Development
7 1,530 (32.42%) Artificial Intelligence
8 1,117 (23.67%) Software Engineering
9 1,058 (22.42%) Social Skills
10 1,016 (21.53%) Finance
11 986 (20.89%) Degree
12 982 (20.81%) Azure
13 898 (19.03%) GCP
14 859 (18.20%) Visualisation
15 851 (18.03%) Business Intelligence
16 832 (17.63%) Java
17 818 (17.33%) Big Data
18 808 (17.12%) DevOps
19 796 (16.87%) Computer Science
20 792 (16.78%) Analytical Skills
21 784 (16.61%) Docker
22 753 (15.96%) Data Engineering
23 727 (15.41%) Kubernetes
24 698 (14.79%) Algorithms
25 695 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
25 695 (14.73%) JavaScript
26 637 (13.50%) React
27 630 (13.35%) Mathematics
28 629 (13.33%) Microservices
29 602 (12.76%) R

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 585 (12.40%) Apache Spark
2 219 (4.64%) Elasticsearch
3 218 (4.62%) Apache Airflow
4 186 (3.94%) Apache
5 178 (3.77%) SAS
6 152 (3.22%) Confluence
7 104 (2.20%) Jupyter
8 46 (0.97%) CMS
9 22 (0.47%) SharePoint
10 21 (0.45%) Apache Solr
10 21 (0.45%) Luigi
11 18 (0.38%) nginx
12 15 (0.32%) Tomcat
13 13 (0.28%) Tornado
14 12 (0.25%) Gunicorn
15 9 (0.19%) Headless CMS
16 7 (0.15%) Mule
17 6 (0.13%) OpenStack
18 5 (0.11%) Traefik
19 4 (0.085%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 135 (2.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (0.68%) Campfire
5 23 (0.49%) Chatbot
6 20 (0.42%) Figma
6 20 (0.42%) Sketch
7 17 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.25%) InVision
8 12 (0.25%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.19%) SPSS
9 9 (0.19%) Stata
10 6 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
10 6 (0.13%) Marvel
10 6 (0.13%) UserZoom
11 5 (0.11%) Fireworks
12 4 (0.085%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.085%) Weka
13 3 (0.064%) CPLEX
13 3 (0.064%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 13 (0.28%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 11 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.15%) Oracle Clinical
4 6 (0.13%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
4 6 (0.13%) Oracle BRM
4 6 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.11%) Summit
6 4 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.064%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.064%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.064%) SAP MDG
7 3 (0.064%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.042%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.042%) Magento
8 2 (0.042%) Sprinklr
8 2 (0.042%) WebTrends
9 1 (0.021%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.021%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.021%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 1,664 (35.26%) AWS
2 982 (20.81%) Azure
3 898 (19.03%) GCP
4 527 (11.17%) Power Platform
5 475 (10.07%) Serverless
6 273 (5.79%) AWS Lambda
7 210 (4.45%) Amazon EC2
8 174 (3.69%) Snowflake
9 165 (3.50%) Amazon ECS
10 158 (3.35%) Amazon S3
11 151 (3.20%) SaaS
12 136 (2.88%) GitHub
13 121 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
14 110 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
15 92 (1.95%) Amazon SQS
16 89 (1.89%) Amazon Kinesis
17 84 (1.78%) Amazon EMR
18 68 (1.44%) Amazon SageMaker
18 68 (1.44%) PaaS
19 64 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 77 (1.63%) Broadband
2 72 (1.53%) Internet
3 58 (1.23%) HTTP
4 55 (1.17%) VPN
5 48 (1.02%) Firewall
6 32 (0.68%) IPv4
7 29 (0.61%) MQTT
8 27 (0.57%) OSPF
8 27 (0.57%) VLAN
9 13 (0.28%) FTP
10 12 (0.25%) TCP/IP
11 11 (0.23%) DNS
11 11 (0.23%) SSH
12 9 (0.19%) Wireless
13 8 (0.17%) IPsec
13 8 (0.17%) WAN
14 6 (0.13%) 3G
14 6 (0.13%) 4G
15 5 (0.11%) DSL
16 3 (0.064%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 818 (17.33%) Big Data
2 522 (11.06%) Power BI
3 486 (10.30%) Tableau
4 482 (10.21%) Data Warehouse
5 430 (9.11%) PostgreSQL
6 368 (7.80%) Hadoop
7 367 (7.78%) NoSQL
8 279 (5.91%) Data Lake
9 261 (5.53%) Relational Database
10 238 (5.04%) MySQL
11 198 (4.20%) BigQuery
12 189 (4.01%) Amazon Redshift
13 182 (3.86%) Data Mining
14 180 (3.81%) Amazon Athena
15 161 (3.41%) Looker
15 161 (3.41%) SQL Server
16 147 (3.12%) MongoDB
17 146 (3.09%) Amazon Aurora
18 122 (2.59%) Metadata
18 122 (2.59%) Redis
Development Applications
1 541 (11.46%) Git (software)
2 300 (6.36%) JIRA
3 284 (6.02%) Jenkins
4 100 (2.12%) GitLab
5 77 (1.63%) webpack
6 59 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
7 50 (1.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 48 (1.02%) Selenium
9 42 (0.89%) Cypress.io
10 38 (0.81%) Babel
10 38 (0.81%) ESLint
11 33 (0.70%) Vagrant
12 30 (0.64%) Mocha
13 28 (0.59%) CircleCI
14 26 (0.55%) Subversion
15 25 (0.53%) Oracle APEX
16 24 (0.51%) Gradle
16 24 (0.51%) gulp
17 23 (0.49%) Bitbucket
17 23 (0.49%) JMeter
General
1 1,058 (22.42%) Social Skills
2 1,016 (21.53%) Finance
3 792 (16.78%) Analytical Skills
4 328 (6.95%) Marketing
5 321 (6.80%) Banking
6 317 (6.72%) Retail
7 266 (5.64%) Pharmaceutical
8 200 (4.24%) Games
9 194 (4.11%) Law
10 178 (3.77%) Presentation Skills
11 152 (3.22%) Legal
12 151 (3.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 106 (2.25%) Public Sector
14 105 (2.23%) Manufacturing
15 90 (1.91%) Influencing Skills
16 83 (1.76%) Telecoms
17 66 (1.40%) Advertising
18 64 (1.36%) Automotive
18 64 (1.36%) Organisational Skills
19 54 (1.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 850 (18.01%) Developer
2 708 (15.00%) Data Scientist
3 623 (13.20%) Data Engineer
4 480 (10.17%) Software Engineer
5 298 (6.31%) Analyst
6 271 (5.74%) Architect
7 241 (5.11%) Python Developer
8 200 (4.24%) Senior Data Scientist
9 197 (4.17%) AWS Engineer
10 188 (3.98%) Python Engineer
11 185 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
12 174 (3.69%) Data Analyst
13 170 (3.60%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 153 (3.24%) Senior Software Engineer
15 144 (3.05%) Data Architect
16 130 (2.75%) AWS Software Engineer
17 121 (2.56%) Senior Developer
18 107 (2.27%) Product Manager
19 106 (2.25%) Programmer
20 104 (2.20%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 637 (13.50%) React
2 477 (10.11%) Kafka
3 415 (8.79%) Node.js
4 339 (7.18%) REST
5 337 (7.14%) Web Services
6 299 (6.34%) TensorFlow
7 273 (5.79%) AngularJS
8 264 (5.59%) Pandas
9 263 (5.57%) HTML
10 246 (5.21%) CSS
11 212 (4.49%) Django
12 200 (4.24%) NumPy
13 193 (4.09%) Redux
14 186 (3.94%) scikit-learn
15 180 (3.81%) GraphQL
16 175 (3.71%) gRPC
17 167 (3.54%) PyTorch
18 161 (3.41%) .NET
19 147 (3.12%) Flask
20 141 (2.99%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 698 (14.79%) Algorithms
2 424 (8.98%) User Experience
3 364 (7.71%) Life Science
4 215 (4.56%) Data Structures
5 175 (3.71%) Hedge funds
6 132 (2.80%) Social Media
7 130 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
8 127 (2.69%) Pricing Data
9 122 (2.59%) Management Information System
10 106 (2.25%) Public Cloud
11 103 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
12 90 (1.91%) Virtual Team
13 80 (1.70%) Cloud Native
14 64 (1.36%) Mobile App
15 60 (1.27%) Cyberattack
16 54 (1.14%) Blog
17 53 (1.12%) Biotechnology
18 49 (1.04%) CUDA
19 46 (0.97%) NHS
20 44 (0.93%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 385 (8.16%) Linux
2 157 (3.33%) Unix
3 92 (1.95%) Windows
4 69 (1.46%) Apple iOS
5 60 (1.27%) Android
6 44 (0.93%) CentOS
7 30 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 26 (0.55%) Windows Server
9 24 (0.51%) Mac OS
9 24 (0.51%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.085%) DC/OS
12 4 (0.085%) watchOS
13 3 (0.064%) Solaris
14 1 (0.021%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,030 (43.02%) Analytics
2 1,958 (41.49%) Machine Learning
3 1,605 (34.01%) Agile Software Development
4 1,530 (32.42%) Artificial Intelligence
5 1,117 (23.67%) Software Engineering
6 859 (18.20%) Visualisation
7 851 (18.03%) Business Intelligence
8 808 (17.12%) DevOps
9 796 (16.87%) Computer Science
10 753 (15.96%) Data Engineering
11 695 (14.73%) Problem-Solving
12 630 (13.35%) Mathematics
13 629 (13.33%) Microservices
14 596 (12.63%) Statistics
15 579 (12.27%) ETL
16 563 (11.93%) Data Modelling
17 553 (11.72%) Data Pipeline
18 506 (10.72%) Data Management
19 484 (10.26%) Full Stack Development
20 476 (10.09%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,941 (62.32%) Python
2 1,827 (38.72%) SQL
3 832 (17.63%) Java
4 695 (14.73%) JavaScript
5 602 (12.76%) R
6 426 (9.03%) TypeScript
7 290 (6.15%) Scala
8 249 (5.28%) C++
9 241 (5.11%) C#
10 181 (3.84%) Bash Shell
11 180 (3.81%) Go
12 164 (3.48%) C
13 128 (2.71%) PowerShell
14 87 (1.84%) MATLAB
15 70 (1.48%) SAS Macro
16 63 (1.34%) Kotlin
17 59 (1.25%) Shell Script
18 54 (1.14%) T-SQL
19 53 (1.12%) Ruby
20 51 (1.08%) ES6
Qualifications
1 986 (20.89%) Degree
2 269 (5.70%) PhD
3 250 (5.30%) Computer Science Degree
4 137 (2.90%) Master's Degree
5 114 (2.42%) Security Cleared
6 112 (2.37%) Numerate Degree
7 64 (1.36%) SC Cleared
8 45 (0.95%) AWS Certification
9 15 (0.32%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.28%) GIAC
10 13 (0.28%) RHCE
11 12 (0.25%) Oracle Certification
11 12 (0.25%) Postgraduate
12 11 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
12 11 (0.23%) Tableau Certification
13 9 (0.19%) PMP
14 6 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.11%) CISSP
15 5 (0.11%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.11%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 352 (7.46%) QA
2 311 (6.59%) Data Quality
3 164 (3.48%) GDPR
4 62 (1.31%) Accessibility
5 58 (1.23%) CDISC
6 53 (1.12%) Good Clinical Practice
7 26 (0.55%) GxP
8 25 (0.53%) SLA
9 22 (0.47%) WCAG
10 13 (0.28%) Actionable Recommendations
10 13 (0.28%) GRC
10 13 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 12 (0.25%) WAI
12 6 (0.13%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
14 4 (0.085%) IEC 62304
14 4 (0.085%) ISO 13485
15 2 (0.042%) NIST
15 2 (0.042%) PCI DSS
16 1 (0.021%) DICOM
System Software
1 784 (16.61%) Docker
2 38 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 26 (0.55%) VirtualBox
5 23 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
6 20 (0.42%) Firmware
7 12 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.23%) etcd
9 10 (0.21%) HDFS
10 9 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.064%) Active Directory
11 3 (0.064%) NFS
11 3 (0.064%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 727 (15.41%) Kubernetes
2 379 (8.03%) Terraform
3 244 (5.17%) Ansible
4 102 (2.16%) Puppet
5 75 (1.59%) Opscode Chef
6 70 (1.48%) Grafana
7 60 (1.27%) Prometheus
8 39 (0.83%) Kubeflow
9 36 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
10 32 (0.68%) Consul
10 32 (0.68%) Kibana
11 24 (0.51%) ZABBIX
12 18 (0.38%) HAProxy
12 18 (0.38%) logstash
12 18 (0.38%) Opsgenie
12 18 (0.38%) Pingdom
13 16 (0.34%) Istio
14 14 (0.30%) Mesos
14 14 (0.30%) MIIS
15 13 (0.28%) Oracle EDQ
Vendors
1 531 (11.25%) Google
2 283 (6.00%) Microsoft
3 188 (3.98%) Oracle
4 167 (3.54%) Databricks
5 92 (1.95%) SAP
6 82 (1.74%) Facebook
7 79 (1.67%) IBM
8 61 (1.29%) Talend
9 51 (1.08%) Red Hat
10 47 (1.00%) Cloudera
11 43 (0.91%) YouTube
12 39 (0.83%) Informatica
12 39 (0.83%) VMware
13 36 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
14 34 (0.72%) Alteryx
15 32 (0.68%) Adobe
16 31 (0.66%) Hortonworks
17 30 (0.64%) Teradata
18 29 (0.61%) MicroStrategy
19 28 (0.59%) Instagram