Period
to 25 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 127 147 184
Rank change year-on-year +20 +37 +98
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,240 3,587 3,308
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.39% 1.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.86% 2.59% 2.06%
Number of salaries quoted 2,505 2,690 2,752
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £39,050 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £98,750 £100,125 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,478 138,684 160,553
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.90% 92.24% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 90,011 109,586 130,825
UK median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,882 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 3,058 £67,500 +3.85% 556
London +18 2,004 £75,000 +3.45% 340
UK excluding London +2 1,186 £55,000 +10.00% 251
South East -41 331 £55,000 +10.00% 61
North of England +55 256 £55,000 +14.58% 68
South West +33 233 £52,500 -2.78% 37
North West +55 159 £52,500 +9.38% 39
East of England +21 131 £52,500 -4.55% 21
Midlands +3 94 £55,000 +40.61% 29
Scotland +7 90 £52,500 +40.00% 31
Yorkshire +41 75 £55,000 +10.00% 24
West Midlands +37 68 £55,000 +40.61% 16
Wales +34 51 £50,000 -22.33% 2
East Midlands -9 26 £53,500 +33.75% 13
North East +20 22 £65,000 +44.44% 5
Northern Ireland +11 4 £65,000 +103.13% 2
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,001 (61.76%) Python
2 1,361 (42.01%) Machine Learning
3 1,266 (39.07%) Analytics
4 1,238 (38.21%) SQL
5 1,032 (31.85%) Agile Software Development
6 903 (27.87%) Big Data
7 891 (27.50%) AWS
8 720 (22.22%) Artificial Intelligence
9 719 (22.19%) Degree
10 690 (21.30%) Finance
11 627 (19.35%) Apache Spark
12 621 (19.17%) Java
13 612 (18.89%) R
14 609 (18.80%) Business Intelligence
15 573 (17.69%) Computer Science
16 565 (17.44%) Analytical Skills
17 543 (16.76%) Azure
18 529 (16.33%) Mathematics
19 516 (15.93%) Visualisation
20 514 (15.86%) Software Engineering
21 482 (14.88%) Hadoop
22 477 (14.72%) Algorithms
23 448 (13.83%) GCP
24 442 (13.64%) Scala
25 441 (13.61%) DevOps
26 433 (13.36%) Statistics
27 419 (12.93%) Docker
28 406 (12.53%) ETL
29 397 (12.25%) Data Modelling
30 394 (12.16%) Data Analytics

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 627 (19.35%) Apache Spark
2 148 (4.57%) Apache
3 142 (4.38%) SAS
4 116 (3.58%) Apache Airflow
5 100 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
6 83 (2.56%) Jupyter
7 45 (1.39%) Luigi
8 40 (1.23%) Confluence
9 29 (0.90%) OpenStack
10 18 (0.56%) ArcGIS
10 18 (0.56%) Tornado
11 14 (0.43%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.34%) IIS
13 10 (0.31%) GeoServer
13 10 (0.31%) SharePoint
14 8 (0.25%) IPython
14 8 (0.25%) nginx
14 8 (0.25%) Oracle Workflow
15 6 (0.19%) Apache Pig
15 6 (0.19%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 62 (1.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (1.54%) SPSS
3 12 (0.37%) Sketch
4 10 (0.31%) Chatbot
4 10 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
6 7 (0.22%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.19%) Stata
8 5 (0.15%) Gephi
9 4 (0.12%) Gliffy
10 3 (0.093%) Weka
11 2 (0.062%) InVision
11 2 (0.062%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.031%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.031%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 6 (0.19%) Odoo
2 4 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.093%) SAP BPC
4 2 (0.062%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.062%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.031%) Cognos TM1
5 1 (0.031%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.031%) HFM
5 1 (0.031%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.031%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.031%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.031%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 891 (27.50%) AWS
2 543 (16.76%) Azure
3 448 (13.83%) GCP
4 224 (6.91%) Power Platform
5 121 (3.73%) Serverless
6 108 (3.33%) Amazon S3
7 91 (2.81%) Amazon EMR
8 89 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
9 77 (2.38%) Amazon Kinesis
10 73 (2.25%) PaaS
11 72 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
12 70 (2.16%) SaaS
13 58 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
14 54 (1.67%) Amazon SageMaker
15 45 (1.39%) Azure Machine Learning
16 43 (1.33%) GitHub
17 36 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
18 33 (1.02%) Amazon ECS
19 24 (0.74%) Azure Data Factory
20 22 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 43 (1.33%) Internet
2 40 (1.23%) HTTP
3 16 (0.49%) DNS
4 14 (0.43%) Firewall
5 9 (0.28%) SMTP
6 8 (0.25%) VPN
7 6 (0.19%) Ethernet
7 6 (0.19%) FTP
7 6 (0.19%) MPLS
7 6 (0.19%) Wireless
8 5 (0.15%) DSL
8 5 (0.15%) Skype
8 5 (0.15%) SMS
8 5 (0.15%) SSL
9 4 (0.12%) Broadband
10 3 (0.093%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (0.062%) MQTT
11 2 (0.062%) SAN
11 2 (0.062%) TCP/IP
12 1 (0.031%) IPFS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 903 (27.87%) Big Data
2 482 (14.88%) Hadoop
3 366 (11.30%) Data Warehouse
4 365 (11.27%) NoSQL
5 321 (9.91%) PostgreSQL
6 281 (8.67%) SQL Server
7 265 (8.18%) Relational Database
8 227 (7.01%) Amazon Redshift
9 223 (6.88%) Power BI
10 163 (5.03%) Data Lake
11 156 (4.81%) Apache Hive
12 146 (4.51%) BigQuery
13 140 (4.32%) Data Mining
14 137 (4.23%) MongoDB
15 128 (3.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 127 (3.92%) Apache Cassandra
17 103 (3.18%) MySQL
18 96 (2.96%) Neo4j
19 86 (2.65%) Amazon Athena
20 71 (2.19%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 240 (7.41%) Git (software)
2 159 (4.91%) Jenkins
3 118 (3.64%) JIRA
4 46 (1.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 42 (1.30%) Vagrant
6 38 (1.17%) Jasmine
7 37 (1.14%) gulp
7 37 (1.14%) webpack
8 34 (1.05%) Visual Studio Team System
9 32 (0.99%) Team Foundation Server
10 29 (0.90%) Karma Test Runner
10 29 (0.90%) Octopus Deploy
11 27 (0.83%) Maven
11 27 (0.83%) NUnit
12 26 (0.80%) Grunt
13 22 (0.68%) Bitbucket
14 21 (0.65%) Subversion
15 20 (0.62%) RStudio
15 20 (0.62%) WebDriver
16 19 (0.59%) Protractor
General
1 690 (21.30%) Finance
2 256 (7.90%) Marketing
3 184 (5.68%) Retail
4 135 (4.17%) Banking
5 104 (3.21%) Public Sector
6 77 (2.38%) Pharmaceutical
7 76 (2.35%) Games
8 62 (1.91%) Telecoms
9 49 (1.51%) Legal
9 49 (1.51%) Manufacturing
10 48 (1.48%) Automotive
11 38 (1.17%) Financial Institution
11 38 (1.17%) Front Office
12 35 (1.08%) Advertising
13 25 (0.77%) Billing
13 25 (0.77%) Law
14 20 (0.62%) Aerospace
14 20 (0.62%) Electronics
15 14 (0.43%) Police
15 14 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 778 (24.01%) Data Scientist
2 555 (17.13%) Data Engineer
3 496 (15.31%) Developer
4 276 (8.52%) Senior Data Scientist
5 224 (6.91%) Analyst
6 184 (5.68%) Architect
7 155 (4.78%) Software Engineer
8 146 (4.51%) Python Engineer
9 139 (4.29%) Consultant
10 126 (3.89%) Data Architect
11 122 (3.77%) Data Analyst
11 122 (3.77%) Senior Developer
12 97 (2.99%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 97 (2.99%) Senior Data Engineer
13 79 (2.44%) Python Developer
14 71 (2.19%) DevOps Engineer
14 71 (2.19%) Java Developer
15 64 (1.98%) Junior
16 62 (1.91%) Graduate
17 60 (1.85%) Data Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 331 (10.22%) Kafka
2 317 (9.78%) Natural Language Processing
3 225 (6.94%) TensorFlow
4 196 (6.05%) React
5 192 (5.93%) scikit-learn
6 187 (5.77%) AngularJS
7 166 (5.12%) HTML
8 165 (5.09%) Pandas
9 159 (4.91%) Node.js
10 158 (4.88%) CSS
11 131 (4.04%) .NET
12 127 (3.92%) Web Services
13 112 (3.46%) REST
14 111 (3.43%) NumPy
15 93 (2.87%) Keras
16 78 (2.41%) RabbitMQ
17 70 (2.16%) Flask
17 70 (2.16%) PyTorch
18 66 (2.04%) RESTful
19 63 (1.94%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 565 (17.44%) Analytical Skills
2 477 (14.72%) Algorithms
3 138 (4.26%) User Experience
4 131 (4.04%) Data Structures
5 117 (3.61%) Greenfield Project
6 85 (2.62%) Self-Motivation
7 64 (1.98%) Management Information System
8 53 (1.64%) Hedge funds
9 52 (1.60%) Public Cloud
10 39 (1.20%) Blog
11 36 (1.11%) Credit Risk
11 36 (1.11%) Mobile App
12 34 (1.05%) Renewable Energy
13 32 (0.99%) Social Media
14 31 (0.96%) Virtual Team
15 29 (0.90%) Semantic Web
16 28 (0.86%) Cloud Native
17 26 (0.80%) Enterprise Software
18 23 (0.71%) Robotics
19 22 (0.68%) Industry 4.0
Operating Systems
1 324 (10.00%) Linux
2 102 (3.15%) Unix
3 47 (1.45%) Windows
4 23 (0.71%) Apple iOS
5 22 (0.68%) Android
6 10 (0.31%) CentOS
7 9 (0.28%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.22%) VMS
9 6 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.12%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,361 (42.01%) Machine Learning
2 1,266 (39.07%) Analytics
3 1,032 (31.85%) Agile Software Development
4 720 (22.22%) Artificial Intelligence
5 609 (18.80%) Business Intelligence
6 573 (17.69%) Computer Science
7 529 (16.33%) Mathematics
8 516 (15.93%) Visualisation
9 514 (15.86%) Software Engineering
10 441 (13.61%) DevOps
11 433 (13.36%) Statistics
12 406 (12.53%) ETL
13 397 (12.25%) Data Modelling
14 394 (12.16%) Data Analytics
15 377 (11.64%) Data Engineering
16 373 (11.51%) Data Analysis
17 314 (9.69%) Problem-Solving
18 283 (8.73%) Data Visualisation
19 281 (8.67%) Mentoring
20 272 (8.40%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,001 (61.76%) Python
2 1,238 (38.21%) SQL
3 621 (19.17%) Java
4 612 (18.89%) R
5 442 (13.64%) Scala
6 392 (12.10%) JavaScript
7 233 (7.19%) C#
8 197 (6.08%) C++
9 169 (5.22%) C
10 125 (3.86%) MATLAB
11 122 (3.77%) Go
12 88 (2.72%) TypeScript
13 82 (2.53%) Bash Shell
14 70 (2.16%) T-SQL
15 46 (1.42%) Shell Script
16 42 (1.30%) PL/SQL
17 33 (1.02%) Ruby
18 29 (0.90%) Java 8
19 26 (0.80%) VBA
20 25 (0.77%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 719 (22.19%) Degree
2 331 (10.22%) PhD
3 156 (4.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 139 (4.29%) Security Cleared
5 75 (2.31%) Master's Degree
5 75 (2.31%) SC Cleared
6 72 (2.22%) DV Cleared
7 59 (1.82%) Numerate Degree
8 20 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
9 18 (0.56%) MBA
10 16 (0.49%) ISTQB
10 16 (0.49%) Postgraduate
11 11 (0.34%) PMP
12 9 (0.28%) ISEB
13 7 (0.22%) PMI Certification
14 6 (0.19%) CISSP
15 5 (0.15%) CSPO
15 5 (0.15%) MCSE
16 4 (0.12%) CCNA
16 4 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (4.20%) QA
2 131 (4.04%) Data Quality
3 45 (1.39%) GDPR
4 44 (1.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.40%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.37%) Actionable Recommendations
7 8 (0.25%) IFRS
7 8 (0.25%) IFRS 9
8 7 (0.22%) Basel II
9 4 (0.12%) SLA
10 3 (0.093%) GLP
10 3 (0.093%) GMP
10 3 (0.093%) MiFID
11 2 (0.062%) GxP
12 1 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.031%) DICOM
12 1 (0.031%) IASME
12 1 (0.031%) PMO
12 1 (0.031%) Solvency II
System Software
1 419 (12.93%) Docker
2 51 (1.57%) HDFS
3 36 (1.11%) VirtualBox
4 20 (0.62%) Apache Flume
5 15 (0.46%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 12 (0.37%) vSphere
8 11 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
9 10 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
10 9 (0.28%) NFS
10 9 (0.28%) Samba
10 9 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.062%) Firmware
11 2 (0.062%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.031%) Alluxio
12 1 (0.031%) Ceph
12 1 (0.031%) etcd
12 1 (0.031%) Gluster
12 1 (0.031%) Varnish
12 1 (0.031%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 313 (9.66%) Kubernetes
2 173 (5.34%) Terraform
3 112 (3.46%) Ansible
4 62 (1.91%) Puppet
5 52 (1.60%) Oozie
6 47 (1.45%) Docker Swarm
7 40 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
9 13 (0.40%) Kibana
10 10 (0.31%) Mesos
11 9 (0.28%) Cacti
11 9 (0.28%) Galera Cluster
11 9 (0.28%) HAProxy
11 9 (0.28%) Nagios
12 7 (0.22%) Marathon
13 6 (0.19%) Consul
14 5 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
14 5 (0.15%) Packer
14 5 (0.15%) Rancher
15 4 (0.12%) BMC PATROL
Vendors
1 343 (10.59%) Google
2 301 (9.29%) Tableau
3 171 (5.28%) Microsoft
4 141 (4.35%) Oracle
5 68 (2.10%) Informatica
6 67 (2.07%) Databricks
7 62 (1.91%) Cloudera
8 60 (1.85%) Talend
9 45 (1.39%) SAP
10 40 (1.23%) Hortonworks
11 38 (1.17%) Teradata
12 36 (1.11%) MicroStrategy
13 31 (0.96%) IBM
14 20 (0.62%) Alteryx
14 20 (0.62%) Apple
15 19 (0.59%) Dataiku
16 18 (0.56%) Adobe
17 17 (0.52%) Sage
18 16 (0.49%) Facebook
18 16 (0.49%) Netezza