Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 49 103 128
Rank change year-on-year +54 +25 +14
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 10,372 3,568 2,058
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.77% 3.34% 2.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.06% 3.56% 2.81%
Number of salaries quoted 2,509 1,990 1,602
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,550
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.46% - -
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £95,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +10.00%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 171,218 100,289 73,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.33% 93.83% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 84,584 69,434 59,179
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,744 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +45 8,688 £72,500 +9.43% 336
London +25 6,284 £78,800 +8.69% 175
Work from Home +46 3,966 £70,000 +3.70% 127
UK excluding London +49 2,511 £60,000 +14.29% 169
South East +61 752 £70,000 +16.67% 34
North of England +70 567 £60,000 +14.29% 61
East of England +14 388 £60,000 +6.19% 32
North West +38 346 £61,250 +11.36% 29
South West -14 343 £55,000 +10.00% 18
Midlands +44 275 £65,000 +23.81% 13
West Midlands +21 187 £72,500 +31.82% 9
Scotland +3 185 £57,500 +15.00% 8
Yorkshire +60 183 £60,000 +20.00% 28
East Midlands +7 87 £57,500 +27.78% 4
Wales +10 52 £57,063 +14.13%
North East +7 38 £85,000 +65.05% 4
Northern Ireland -20 7 £57,500 +35.29% 3

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 6,423 (61.93%) Python
2 4,606 (44.41%) Analytics
3 4,217 (40.66%) Agile
4 4,201 (40.50%) Machine Learning
5 4,054 (39.09%) AWS
6 3,707 (35.74%) SQL
7 2,819 (27.18%) Software Engineering
8 2,757 (26.58%) Social Skills
9 2,650 (25.55%) Artificial Intelligence
10 2,581 (24.88%) GCP
11 2,557 (24.65%) Degree
12 2,467 (23.79%) Data Engineering
13 2,385 (22.99%) Azure
14 2,315 (22.32%) Finance
15 2,311 (22.28%) Java
16 2,215 (21.36%) Algorithms
17 2,185 (21.07%) DevOps
18 2,171 (20.93%) Big Data
19 1,943 (18.73%) Computer Science
20 1,888 (18.20%) CI/CD
21 1,812 (17.47%) Mentoring
22 1,808 (17.43%) JavaScript
23 1,758 (16.95%) Problem-Solving
24 1,750 (16.87%) Visualisation
25 1,738 (16.76%) Analytical Skills
26 1,693 (16.32%) Data Analytics
27 1,643 (15.84%) Kubernetes
28 1,621 (15.63%) Business Intelligence
29 1,555 (14.99%) React
30 1,490 (14.37%) Docker

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,161 (11.19%) Apache Spark
2 576 (5.55%) Apache Airflow
3 397 (3.83%) Apache
4 247 (2.38%) SAS
5 191 (1.84%) Jupyter
6 177 (1.71%) Confluence
7 128 (1.23%) CMS
8 72 (0.69%) Apache Pulsar
9 64 (0.62%) Apache Solr
10 39 (0.38%) SharePoint
11 34 (0.33%) Luigi
12 29 (0.28%) Tornado
13 24 (0.23%) Ethereum
14 23 (0.22%) Gunicorn
14 23 (0.22%) IIS
15 22 (0.21%) Sitecore CMS
16 19 (0.18%) ArcGIS
17 17 (0.16%) Apache Pig
18 16 (0.15%) Headless CMS
18 16 (0.15%) OpenStack
Applications
1 299 (2.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 132 (1.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 86 (0.83%) Campfire
4 75 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
5 68 (0.66%) Sketch
6 32 (0.31%) InVision
7 26 (0.25%) Stata
8 24 (0.23%) Zeplin
9 22 (0.21%) MS Visio
10 21 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
11 19 (0.18%) Adobe XD
12 13 (0.13%) Photoshop
13 10 (0.096%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 9 (0.087%) Microsoft Project
14 9 (0.087%) SPSS
15 7 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
15 7 (0.067%) Chatbot
15 7 (0.067%) InDesign
16 6 (0.058%) CPLEX
17 5 (0.048%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 28 (0.27%) Social Studio
2 22 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.18%) Academy Housing
3 19 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
4 16 (0.15%) Oracle 11i
4 16 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
4 16 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
5 12 (0.12%) Shopify
6 11 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
7 10 (0.096%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 9 (0.087%) Dynamics CRM
9 8 (0.077%) SAP S/4HANA
9 8 (0.077%) Sprinklr
10 6 (0.058%) JDE OneWorld
11 4 (0.039%) Adobe Campaign
11 4 (0.039%) BambooHR
11 4 (0.039%) Magento
11 4 (0.039%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.019%) Fidessa
12 2 (0.019%) Hyperion Planning
Cloud Services
1 4,054 (39.09%) AWS
2 2,581 (24.88%) GCP
3 2,385 (22.99%) Azure
4 1,044 (10.07%) Serverless
5 904 (8.72%) Power Platform
6 572 (5.51%) Amazon S3
7 514 (4.96%) SaaS
8 474 (4.57%) GitHub
9 468 (4.51%) Snowflake
10 462 (4.45%) AWS Lambda
11 404 (3.90%) dbt
12 335 (3.23%) Cloud Computing
13 255 (2.46%) Slack
14 211 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
15 206 (1.99%) Amazon EMR
16 204 (1.97%) Amazon SageMaker
17 203 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
18 199 (1.92%) Amazon Kinesis
19 198 (1.91%) Azure DevOps
20 196 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 212 (2.04%) Internet
2 162 (1.56%) HTTP
3 137 (1.32%) Broadband
4 119 (1.15%) Network Security
5 51 (0.49%) VPN
6 41 (0.40%) DNS
7 30 (0.29%) MQTT
8 21 (0.20%) SSH
9 17 (0.16%) Firewall
10 15 (0.14%) Kerberos
11 14 (0.13%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
12 13 (0.13%) Skype
12 13 (0.13%) TCP/IP
13 11 (0.11%) HTTPS
13 11 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
14 9 (0.087%) SSL
15 8 (0.077%) X.509
16 6 (0.058%) DHCP
17 5 (0.048%) FTP
17 5 (0.048%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,171 (20.93%) Big Data
2 1,159 (11.17%) Data Warehouse
3 932 (8.99%) Tableau
4 916 (8.83%) NoSQL
5 899 (8.67%) Power BI
6 890 (8.58%) PostgreSQL
7 640 (6.17%) Data Lake
8 559 (5.39%) Hadoop
9 549 (5.29%) BigQuery
10 527 (5.08%) Amazon Redshift
11 481 (4.64%) Relational Database
12 465 (4.48%) Elasticsearch
13 453 (4.37%) SQL Server
14 442 (4.26%) MySQL
15 384 (3.70%) MongoDB
16 351 (3.38%) Looker
17 320 (3.09%) Data Mining
18 276 (2.66%) Redis
19 273 (2.63%) DynamoDB
20 245 (2.36%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 969 (9.34%) Git (software)
2 605 (5.83%) JIRA
3 535 (5.16%) Jenkins
4 215 (2.07%) CircleCI
5 206 (1.99%) GitLab
6 112 (1.08%) Cypress.io
7 104 (1.00%) Selenium
8 90 (0.87%) Bitbucket
9 89 (0.86%) Spinnaker
10 75 (0.72%) webpack
11 70 (0.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 69 (0.67%) Postman
13 68 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
14 67 (0.65%) JUnit
15 58 (0.56%) Maven
15 58 (0.56%) Visual Studio
16 55 (0.53%) NUnit
17 50 (0.48%) Mockito
18 49 (0.47%) Team Foundation Server
19 45 (0.43%) Moq
General
1 2,757 (26.58%) Social Skills
2 2,315 (22.32%) Finance
3 1,738 (16.76%) Analytical Skills
4 1,333 (12.85%) Marketing
5 1,100 (10.61%) Games
6 868 (8.37%) Retail
7 618 (5.96%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 509 (4.91%) Banking
9 455 (4.39%) Pharmaceutical
10 367 (3.54%) Presentation Skills
11 275 (2.65%) Advertising
11 275 (2.65%) Legal
12 260 (2.51%) Law
13 237 (2.28%) Influencing Skills
14 192 (1.85%) Public Sector
15 190 (1.83%) Financial Institution
16 166 (1.60%) Organisational Skills
17 162 (1.56%) Telecoms
18 129 (1.24%) Automotive
19 120 (1.16%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 1,422 (13.71%) Data Engineer
2 1,329 (12.81%) Data Scientist
3 1,257 (12.12%) Software Engineer
4 1,255 (12.10%) Developer
5 621 (5.99%) Analyst
6 593 (5.72%) Senior Data Scientist
7 573 (5.52%) Senior Software Engineer
8 465 (4.48%) Architect
9 432 (4.17%) Senior Data Engineer
10 389 (3.75%) Product Manager
11 375 (3.62%) Trainee
12 362 (3.49%) Data Analyst
13 336 (3.24%) Senior Developer
14 292 (2.82%) Data Manager
15 276 (2.66%) Full Stack Developer
16 264 (2.55%) Principal Engineer
17 263 (2.54%) Data Architect
18 255 (2.46%) Senior Manager
19 210 (2.02%) DevOps Engineer
20 197 (1.90%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,555 (14.99%) React
2 930 (8.97%) Kafka
3 780 (7.52%) Spring
4 768 (7.40%) Node.js
5 750 (7.23%) HTML
6 719 (6.93%) CSS
7 622 (6.00%) Pandas
8 597 (5.76%) AngularJS
9 578 (5.57%) REST
10 518 (4.99%) TensorFlow
11 501 (4.83%) scikit-learn
12 426 (4.11%) Vue.js
13 400 (3.86%) NumPy
14 386 (3.72%) .NET
15 347 (3.35%) HTML5
16 318 (3.07%) GraphQL
17 295 (2.84%) PySpark
18 290 (2.80%) Django
18 290 (2.80%) PyTorch
19 289 (2.79%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 2,215 (21.36%) Algorithms
2 1,021 (9.84%) User Experience
3 894 (8.62%) Data Structures
4 367 (3.54%) Mobile App
5 324 (3.12%) Self-Motivation
6 309 (2.98%) Blog
7 295 (2.84%) Hackathon
8 294 (2.83%) Life Science
9 269 (2.59%) Cloud Native
10 216 (2.08%) Management Information System
11 195 (1.88%) Blockchain
11 195 (1.88%) Virtual Team
12 182 (1.75%) IoT
13 179 (1.73%) Social Media
14 173 (1.67%) Renewable Energy
15 162 (1.56%) Public Cloud
16 149 (1.44%) Greenfield Project
17 114 (1.10%) FMCG
18 101 (0.97%) Biotechnology
19 100 (0.96%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 759 (7.32%) Linux
2 256 (2.47%) Windows
3 163 (1.57%) Unix
4 144 (1.39%) Android
5 129 (1.24%) Apple iOS
6 40 (0.39%) Ubuntu
7 37 (0.36%) CentOS
8 33 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
9 32 (0.31%) Mac OS
10 29 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
11 26 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
12 19 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 16 (0.15%) Solaris
13 16 (0.15%) Windows Server
14 15 (0.14%) Alpine Linux
15 6 (0.058%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.029%) Mac OS X
17 2 (0.019%) AIX
18 1 (0.010%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,606 (44.41%) Analytics
2 4,217 (40.66%) Agile
3 4,201 (40.50%) Machine Learning
4 2,819 (27.18%) Software Engineering
5 2,650 (25.55%) Artificial Intelligence
6 2,467 (23.79%) Data Engineering
7 2,185 (21.07%) DevOps
8 1,943 (18.73%) Computer Science
9 1,888 (18.20%) CI/CD
10 1,812 (17.47%) Mentoring
11 1,758 (16.95%) Problem-Solving
12 1,750 (16.87%) Visualisation
13 1,693 (16.32%) Data Analytics
14 1,621 (15.63%) Business Intelligence
15 1,431 (13.80%) Mathematics
16 1,353 (13.04%) Data Modelling
17 1,227 (11.83%) Data Pipeline
18 1,143 (11.02%) Data Analysis
19 1,087 (10.48%) Statistics
20 1,065 (10.27%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 6,423 (61.93%) Python
2 3,707 (35.74%) SQL
3 2,311 (22.28%) Java
4 1,808 (17.43%) JavaScript
5 1,056 (10.18%) R
6 903 (8.71%) TypeScript
7 821 (7.92%) C#
8 747 (7.20%) Scala
9 533 (5.14%) C++
10 528 (5.09%) C
11 346 (3.34%) Bash
12 335 (3.23%) Go
13 319 (3.08%) Ruby
14 277 (2.67%) Kotlin
15 256 (2.47%) Objective-C
16 199 (1.92%) PowerShell
17 162 (1.56%) MATLAB
18 125 (1.21%) PHP
19 116 (1.12%) Groovy
20 102 (0.98%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,557 (24.65%) Degree
2 790 (7.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 470 (4.53%) PhD
4 331 (3.19%) Master's Degree
5 198 (1.91%) Security Cleared
6 182 (1.75%) Numerate Degree
7 131 (1.26%) SC Cleared
8 119 (1.15%) AWS Certification
9 57 (0.55%) PMI Certification
10 36 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
11 29 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
12 28 (0.27%) MBA
13 26 (0.25%) PMP
14 24 (0.23%) DV Cleared
15 22 (0.21%) Postgraduate
16 16 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
17 13 (0.13%) Sun Certification
18 10 (0.096%) CISSP
18 10 (0.096%) CSPO
19 9 (0.087%) APMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 893 (8.61%) QA
2 604 (5.82%) Data Quality
3 326 (3.14%) Accessibility
4 140 (1.35%) GDPR
5 78 (0.75%) CDISC
6 47 (0.45%) PMO
7 36 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
8 34 (0.33%) Good Clinical Practice
9 25 (0.24%) HIPAA
10 19 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 19 (0.18%) WCAG
11 17 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 16 (0.15%) GxP
13 13 (0.13%) PCI DSS
14 12 (0.12%) HL7
15 6 (0.058%) SLA
16 5 (0.048%) FedRAMP
16 5 (0.048%) GMP
16 5 (0.048%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 5 (0.048%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,490 (14.37%) Docker
2 90 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 46 (0.44%) Active Directory
4 42 (0.40%) Apache Flume
5 29 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
6 28 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 19 (0.18%) HDFS
8 16 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
9 14 (0.13%) Firmware
10 9 (0.087%) Hyper-V
11 8 (0.077%) KVM
12 6 (0.058%) VirtualBox
12 6 (0.058%) zsh
Systems Management
1 1,643 (15.84%) Kubernetes
2 922 (8.89%) Terraform
3 308 (2.97%) Ansible
4 155 (1.49%) Grafana
4 155 (1.49%) Prometheus
5 106 (1.02%) Kibana
6 92 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
7 74 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
8 70 (0.67%) Panaseer
9 68 (0.66%) Puppet
10 38 (0.37%) Oozie
11 33 (0.32%) SCCM
12 32 (0.31%) Kubeflow
12 32 (0.31%) logstash
13 29 (0.28%) Consul
13 29 (0.28%) Data Guard
14 28 (0.27%) HAProxy
14 28 (0.27%) MIIS
14 28 (0.27%) Pingdom
14 28 (0.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,284 (12.38%) Google
2 1,014 (9.78%) Microsoft
3 439 (4.23%) Databricks
4 295 (2.84%) Oracle
5 230 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
6 226 (2.18%) Twitter
7 189 (1.82%) Facebook
8 126 (1.21%) Adobe
9 105 (1.01%) Alteryx
10 100 (0.96%) Teradata
11 94 (0.91%) Palantir
12 91 (0.88%) New Relic
13 74 (0.71%) Cloudera
14 73 (0.70%) Informatica
15 72 (0.69%) Cisco
15 72 (0.69%) SAP
16 71 (0.68%) IBM
17 64 (0.62%) Talend
18 63 (0.61%) Apple
19 61 (0.59%) Spotify