Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 157 206 305
Rank change year-on-year +49 +99 +122
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,438 3,020 2,013
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.16% 1.69% 1.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.36% 1.84% 1.18%
Number of salaries quoted 2,575 2,487 1,736
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - -4.52%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,517 163,975 170,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.56% 91.88% 91.27%
Number of salaries quoted 115,395 130,113 141,329
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,500 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +45 3,264 £65,000 +5.69% 437
London +31 2,052 £72,500 +7.41% 260
UK excluding London +69 1,332 £50,000 +5.26% 200
South East +152 504 £50,000 +2.56% 69
South West +55 221 £55,000 - 28
North of England +11 216 £50,000 -4.76% 32
North West +6 145 £52,500 +5.00% 15
East of England -33 140 £55,000 +22.22% 34
Scotland +38 132 £42,500 -5.56% 17
Midlands -14 101 £42,207 -0.69% 14
East Midlands +33 58 £41,250 -2.94% 5
Yorkshire +2 58 £49,500 -10.00% 13
West Midlands -8 43 £42,207 +5.52% 9
North East +4 13 £40,000 +77.78% 4
Wales +7 11 £52,500 +40.00% 1
Northern Ireland 0 7 £60,000 -29.41% 5

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,943 (56.52%) Python
2 1,631 (47.44%) Analytics
3 1,541 (44.82%) Machine Learning
4 1,245 (36.21%) SQL
5 1,058 (30.77%) Big Data
6 1,037 (30.16%) Degree
7 981 (28.53%) Agile Software Development
8 966 (28.10%) R
9 741 (21.55%) Mathematics
10 739 (21.50%) Finance
11 736 (21.41%) Apache Spark
12 733 (21.32%) Hadoop
13 713 (20.74%) Artificial Intelligence
14 680 (19.78%) Amazon AWS
15 675 (19.63%) Java
16 663 (19.28%) Visualisation
17 648 (18.85%) Algorithms
18 612 (17.80%) Computer Science
19 596 (17.34%) Business Intelligence
20 594 (17.28%) Analytical Skills
21 573 (16.67%) Microsoft Azure
22 563 (16.38%) Software Engineering
23 511 (14.86%) Statistics
24 451 (13.12%) JavaScript
25 449 (13.06%) Scala
26 447 (13.00%) Data Analysis
27 445 (12.94%) NoSQL
28 431 (12.54%) Data Analytics
29 419 (12.19%) Problem-Solving
29 419 (12.19%) Tableau

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 736 (21.41%) Apache Spark
2 246 (7.16%) SAS
3 205 (5.96%) Apache
4 131 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
5 113 (3.29%) Apache Pig
6 66 (1.92%) CMS
7 61 (1.77%) EPiServer
8 32 (0.93%) Apache Solr
9 31 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
10 27 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
11 24 (0.70%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.49%) Confluence
12 17 (0.49%) Tomcat
13 16 (0.47%) Jupyter
14 15 (0.44%) GlassFish
15 14 (0.41%) OpenStack
16 12 (0.35%) Luigi
17 11 (0.32%) Marvel
18 7 (0.20%) Ethereum
19 6 (0.17%) Tornado
Applications
1 68 (1.98%) SPSS
2 56 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (1.22%) GNU Octave
4 29 (0.84%) Chatbot
5 13 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
5 13 (0.38%) Photoshop
6 12 (0.35%) Adobe After Effects
6 12 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
6 12 (0.35%) InVision
6 12 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.29%) Stata
8 9 (0.26%) Flinto
9 8 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 8 (0.23%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.058%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.029%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.029%) GIMP
12 1 (0.029%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.029%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 31 (0.90%) Eloqua
2 15 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.15%) Maximo
6 2 (0.058%) FastStats
6 2 (0.058%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.058%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.058%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.029%) CaseMap
7 1 (0.029%) Concordance
7 1 (0.029%) Odoo
7 1 (0.029%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.029%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.029%) Relativity
7 1 (0.029%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.029%) Unica
7 1 (0.029%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 680 (19.78%) Amazon AWS
2 573 (16.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 235 (6.84%) Google Cloud Platform
4 84 (2.44%) SaaS
5 79 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
6 73 (2.12%) PaaS
7 64 (1.86%) npm
8 57 (1.66%) Azure Data Factory
9 56 (1.63%) Serverless
10 52 (1.51%) Google Analytics
11 50 (1.45%) GitHub
12 37 (1.08%) Amazon Kinesis
13 34 (0.99%) Amazon EMR
14 32 (0.93%) Amazon S3
14 32 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
15 30 (0.87%) Data Lake Analytics
16 28 (0.81%) Adobe Analytics
16 28 (0.81%) Amazon SageMaker
17 27 (0.79%) Azure Machine Learning
18 25 (0.73%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (0.81%) Internet
2 23 (0.67%) HTTP
3 13 (0.38%) Intranet
4 11 (0.32%) Broadband
5 10 (0.29%) Bluetooth
5 10 (0.29%) Network Security
5 10 (0.29%) NFC
6 7 (0.20%) SMS
7 6 (0.17%) Firewall
8 5 (0.15%) PPP
8 5 (0.15%) Skype
9 3 (0.087%) DNS
9 3 (0.087%) WAN
9 3 (0.087%) Wireless
10 2 (0.058%) DAB
10 2 (0.058%) DHCP
10 2 (0.058%) Hyperconnected
10 2 (0.058%) LAN
10 2 (0.058%) VPN
11 1 (0.029%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,058 (30.77%) Big Data
2 733 (21.32%) Hadoop
3 445 (12.94%) NoSQL
4 353 (10.27%) Apache Hive
5 323 (9.39%) Data Warehouse
6 288 (8.38%) Power BI
7 269 (7.82%) SQL Server
8 228 (6.63%) MongoDB
9 213 (6.20%) Data Mining
10 206 (5.99%) Apache Cassandra
11 183 (5.32%) PostgreSQL
11 183 (5.32%) Relational Database
12 142 (4.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 133 (3.87%) Amazon Redshift
13 133 (3.87%) HBase
14 119 (3.46%) Data Lake
15 117 (3.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 113 (3.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 111 (3.23%) Impala
18 99 (2.88%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 345 (10.03%) Git (software)
2 135 (3.93%) Visual Studio
3 124 (3.61%) Jenkins
4 122 (3.55%) Selenium
5 73 (2.12%) TeamCity
6 70 (2.04%) Octopus Deploy
7 67 (1.95%) Team Foundation Server
8 64 (1.86%) Karma Test Runner
9 63 (1.83%) gulp
10 62 (1.80%) Protractor
11 61 (1.77%) Bower
11 61 (1.77%) Mocha
11 61 (1.77%) Sinon.JS
12 59 (1.72%) Subversion
13 52 (1.51%) JIRA
14 36 (1.05%) JMeter
15 34 (0.99%) Maven
15 34 (0.99%) SoapUI
16 32 (0.93%) webpack
17 28 (0.81%) JUnit
General
1 739 (21.50%) Finance
2 277 (8.06%) Marketing
3 267 (7.77%) Retail
4 227 (6.60%) Banking
5 166 (4.83%) Telecoms
6 110 (3.20%) Advertising
7 92 (2.68%) Law
8 82 (2.39%) Pharmaceutical
9 74 (2.15%) Games
10 62 (1.80%) Investment Banking
11 57 (1.66%) Manufacturing
12 34 (0.99%) Front Office
13 33 (0.96%) Electronics
13 33 (0.96%) Financial Institution
14 26 (0.76%) Military
15 23 (0.67%) Automotive
16 20 (0.58%) Legal
16 20 (0.58%) Publishing
17 17 (0.49%) Back Office
18 13 (0.38%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 979 (28.48%) Data Scientist
2 542 (15.76%) Developer
3 427 (12.42%) Data Engineer
4 340 (9.89%) Senior Data Scientist
5 206 (5.99%) Consultant
6 204 (5.93%) Analyst
7 149 (4.33%) Architect
8 138 (4.01%) Big Data Engineer
9 112 (3.26%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 106 (3.08%) Python Developer
11 98 (2.85%) Software Engineer
12 97 (2.82%) Data Analyst
13 96 (2.79%) Python Engineer
14 91 (2.65%) .NET Developer
15 87 (2.53%) Data Consultant
16 86 (2.50%) Senior Data Engineer
17 83 (2.41%) Junior
18 80 (2.33%) Senior Developer
19 79 (2.30%) Graduate
20 76 (2.21%) Data Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 322 (9.37%) Natural Language Processing
2 299 (8.70%) Kafka
3 244 (7.10%) .NET
4 224 (6.52%) AngularJS
5 218 (6.34%) HTML
6 197 (5.73%) TensorFlow
7 189 (5.50%) Pandas
8 179 (5.21%) CSS
9 177 (5.15%) NumPy
10 158 (4.60%) Web Services
11 148 (4.30%) React
12 143 (4.16%) scikit-learn
13 138 (4.01%) HTML5
14 134 (3.90%) SciPy
15 127 (3.69%) RESTful
16 110 (3.20%) Node.js
17 104 (3.03%) jQuery
18 96 (2.79%) CSS3
19 94 (2.73%) D3.js
20 82 (2.39%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 648 (18.85%) Algorithms
2 594 (17.28%) Analytical Skills
3 178 (5.18%) Fintech
4 125 (3.64%) Data Structures
5 111 (3.23%) User Experience
6 97 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
7 63 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
8 59 (1.72%) Management Information System
9 57 (1.66%) Mobile App
9 57 (1.66%) Social Media
10 56 (1.63%) Public Cloud
11 55 (1.60%) Life Science
12 54 (1.57%) FMCG
13 50 (1.45%) Social Network
14 48 (1.40%) Cloud Native
15 46 (1.34%) Virtual Team
16 44 (1.28%) Enterprise Cloud
17 34 (0.99%) NHS
18 31 (0.90%) Robotics
19 28 (0.81%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 269 (7.82%) Linux
2 93 (2.71%) Unix
3 66 (1.92%) Windows
4 32 (0.93%) Apple iOS
5 28 (0.81%) Android
6 16 (0.47%) Windows Server
7 12 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.20%) CentOS
9 3 (0.087%) FreeBSD
9 3 (0.087%) SUSE
10 2 (0.058%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.058%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.058%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.058%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.029%) Debian
11 1 (0.029%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.029%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,631 (47.44%) Analytics
2 1,541 (44.82%) Machine Learning
3 981 (28.53%) Agile Software Development
4 741 (21.55%) Mathematics
5 713 (20.74%) Artificial Intelligence
6 663 (19.28%) Visualisation
7 612 (17.80%) Computer Science
8 596 (17.34%) Business Intelligence
9 563 (16.38%) Software Engineering
10 511 (14.86%) Statistics
11 447 (13.00%) Data Analysis
12 431 (12.54%) Data Analytics
13 419 (12.19%) Problem-Solving
14 415 (12.07%) Data Visualisation
15 401 (11.66%) Data Engineering
16 399 (11.61%) ETL
17 387 (11.26%) DevOps
18 373 (10.85%) Data Modelling
19 326 (9.48%) Deep Learning
20 287 (8.35%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,943 (56.52%) Python
2 1,245 (36.21%) SQL
3 966 (28.10%) R
4 675 (19.63%) Java
5 451 (13.12%) JavaScript
6 449 (13.06%) Scala
7 369 (10.73%) C++
8 365 (10.62%) C#
9 177 (5.15%) C
10 164 (4.77%) MATLAB
11 82 (2.39%) Ruby
12 70 (2.04%) T-SQL
13 65 (1.89%) Bash Shell
14 51 (1.48%) PHP
15 47 (1.37%) Shell Script
16 43 (1.25%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 43 (1.25%) Go
17 31 (0.90%) VBA
18 29 (0.84%) PowerShell
19 25 (0.73%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,037 (30.16%) Degree
2 404 (11.75%) PhD
3 165 (4.80%) Computer Science Degree
4 119 (3.46%) Master's Degree
5 78 (2.27%) Numerate Degree
6 75 (2.18%) Security Cleared
7 52 (1.51%) SAFe Agilist
8 39 (1.13%) MBA
9 33 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 32 (0.93%) SC Cleared
11 27 (0.79%) CISSP
12 26 (0.76%) DV Cleared
13 21 (0.61%) PMI Certification
14 12 (0.35%) ISTQB
14 12 (0.35%) MPhil
15 11 (0.32%) CISA
15 11 (0.32%) CISM
16 10 (0.29%) Postgraduate
17 9 (0.26%) CEH
18 8 (0.23%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (3.52%) Data Quality
2 99 (2.88%) QA
3 35 (1.02%) GDPR
4 22 (0.64%) IFRS
5 20 (0.58%) Solvency II
6 19 (0.55%) IFRS 9
7 17 (0.49%) Dodd-Frank
7 17 (0.49%) FATCA
8 12 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
9 9 (0.26%) PMO
10 8 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.15%) COBIT
12 3 (0.087%) BS7799
12 3 (0.087%) CRD IV
12 3 (0.087%) PCI DSS
13 2 (0.058%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.058%) SLA
14 1 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
14 1 (0.029%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 225 (6.54%) Docker
2 120 (3.49%) HDFS
3 67 (1.95%) Apache Flume
4 17 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.47%) VirtualBox
6 14 (0.41%) Active Directory
7 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.058%) etcd
8 2 (0.058%) vCloud
8 2 (0.058%) vSphere
9 1 (0.029%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.029%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 166 (4.83%) Kubernetes
2 104 (3.03%) Hadoop YARN
3 88 (2.56%) Oozie
4 84 (2.44%) Ansible
5 55 (1.60%) Terraform
6 39 (1.13%) Prometheus
7 38 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
8 35 (1.02%) Grafana
9 27 (0.79%) Kibana
10 26 (0.76%) Puppet
11 23 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
12 16 (0.47%) logstash
13 13 (0.38%) Mesos
14 11 (0.32%) Nagios
15 9 (0.26%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.20%) EMC NetWorker
16 7 (0.20%) Xymon
17 6 (0.17%) Rancher
18 5 (0.15%) Ambari
19 3 (0.087%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 419 (12.19%) Tableau
2 324 (9.42%) Microsoft
3 258 (7.50%) Google
4 181 (5.26%) SAP
5 128 (3.72%) Oracle
6 121 (3.52%) Hortonworks
7 113 (3.29%) Cloudera
8 78 (2.27%) MapR
9 72 (2.09%) Databricks
10 57 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
11 51 (1.48%) Adobe
12 37 (1.08%) IBM
13 32 (0.93%) Sitecore
14 31 (0.90%) Marketo
15 28 (0.81%) Alias
16 27 (0.79%) Informatica
17 25 (0.73%) Talend
18 24 (0.70%) MicroStrategy
19 23 (0.67%) Alteryx
19 23 (0.67%) VMware