Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 126 126
Rank change year-on-year +51 0 +35
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 5,102 1,646 3,325
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.98% 2.60% 2.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.24% 2.79% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 2,360 1,302 2,583
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
75th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £83,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £98,625 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,414 58,914 116,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.03% 93.10% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,049 48,002 93,468
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +6.52% +2.22%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +54 4,540 £70,000 +7.69% 466
London +25 2,983 £75,000 +5.26% 264
UK excluding London +49 1,607 £55,000 - 222
Work from Home 0 824 £67,500 - 84
South East +65 465 £60,000 - 55
North of England +23 351 £57,500 +4.55% 40
East of England +40 294 £57,500 -11.54% 35
North West +23 222 £60,000 +9.09% 30
South West +13 216 £47,500 -9.52% 31
Scotland -3 142 £53,500 -6.96% 17
Midlands -26 127 £60,000 +14.29% 35
Yorkshire +6 114 £55,000 +1.85% 9
West Midlands -28 91 £60,000 +9.09% 30
East Midlands -45 36 £46,250 -7.96% 5
Wales -45 16 £42,500 -5.56% 2
North East -39 15 £49,250 +14.53% 1
Northern Ireland -34 10 £42,500 - 8

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 3,057 (59.92%) Python
2 2,274 (44.57%) Analytics
3 2,067 (40.51%) Machine Learning
4 1,880 (36.85%) SQL
5 1,773 (34.75%) AWS
6 1,641 (32.16%) Agile Software Development
7 1,578 (30.93%) Artificial Intelligence
8 1,377 (26.99%) Software Engineering
9 1,229 (24.09%) Social Skills
10 1,156 (22.66%) Azure
11 1,126 (22.07%) Finance
12 1,113 (21.81%) GCP
13 1,057 (20.72%) Degree
14 962 (18.86%) Java
15 952 (18.66%) Business Intelligence
16 946 (18.54%) Big Data
17 906 (17.76%) Algorithms
18 900 (17.64%) Computer Science
19 887 (17.39%) DevOps
20 866 (16.97%) Visualisation
21 862 (16.90%) Problem-Solving
22 859 (16.84%) Analytical Skills
23 855 (16.76%) Data Engineering
24 803 (15.74%) Kubernetes
25 787 (15.43%) CI/CD
26 753 (14.76%) Docker
27 709 (13.90%) JavaScript
28 692 (13.56%) Mathematics
29 688 (13.48%) Google
30 673 (13.19%) Apache Spark

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 673 (13.19%) Apache Spark
2 210 (4.12%) Elasticsearch
3 209 (4.10%) Apache Airflow
4 182 (3.57%) Apache
5 165 (3.23%) SAS
6 99 (1.94%) Jupyter
7 96 (1.88%) Confluence
8 59 (1.16%) CMS
9 24 (0.47%) Apache Solr
9 24 (0.47%) Luigi
10 19 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 17 (0.33%) Oracle 9iAS
11 17 (0.33%) Oracle Application Server
12 14 (0.27%) Headless CMS
12 14 (0.27%) Tornado
13 13 (0.25%) Apache Pig
14 11 (0.22%) SharePoint
15 8 (0.16%) Apache Pulsar
15 8 (0.16%) OpenStack
16 7 (0.14%) Tomcat
Applications
1 118 (2.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 22 (0.43%) Campfire
5 21 (0.41%) Chatbot
6 17 (0.33%) Sketch
7 12 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.12%) Adobe XD
8 6 (0.12%) InVision
8 6 (0.12%) SPSS
9 3 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.039%) CPLEX
10 2 (0.039%) FileZilla
10 2 (0.039%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.039%) Pipeline Pilot
11 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.020%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.020%) Weka
Business Applications
1 17 (0.33%) Oracle 11i
1 17 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
1 17 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
2 11 (0.22%) JDE OneWorld
3 6 (0.12%) Oracle BRM
4 5 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.078%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
5 4 (0.078%) Oracle Clinical
6 3 (0.059%) Hyperion Planning
6 3 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.059%) Sprinklr
7 2 (0.039%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.039%) Eikon
7 2 (0.039%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 2 (0.039%) Tesseract
8 1 (0.020%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.020%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,773 (34.75%) AWS
2 1,156 (22.66%) Azure
3 1,113 (21.81%) GCP
4 548 (10.74%) Serverless
5 495 (9.70%) Power Platform
6 257 (5.04%) AWS Lambda
7 195 (3.82%) Snowflake
8 179 (3.51%) Amazon S3
9 175 (3.43%) GitHub
10 164 (3.21%) Amazon EC2
10 164 (3.21%) Cloud Computing
11 161 (3.16%) SaaS
12 116 (2.27%) Amazon ECS
13 107 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
14 101 (1.98%) Amazon Kinesis
15 95 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
16 92 (1.80%) Amazon EMR
17 86 (1.69%) Slack
18 81 (1.59%) Amazon SQS
19 77 (1.51%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 105 (2.06%) Internet
2 58 (1.14%) Broadband
3 48 (0.94%) HTTP
4 25 (0.49%) MQTT
5 23 (0.45%) SSH
6 22 (0.43%) Network Security
6 22 (0.43%) VPN
7 14 (0.27%) Firewall
7 14 (0.27%) Wireless
8 8 (0.16%) TCP/IP
9 6 (0.12%) DNS
9 6 (0.12%) FTP
9 6 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
10 5 (0.098%) NAS
10 5 (0.098%) SMS
11 3 (0.059%) 4G
11 3 (0.059%) Kerberos
11 3 (0.059%) LAN
11 3 (0.059%) WAN
12 2 (0.039%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 946 (18.54%) Big Data
2 493 (9.66%) Power BI
3 488 (9.56%) Tableau
4 482 (9.45%) Data Warehouse
5 459 (9.00%) PostgreSQL
6 434 (8.51%) NoSQL
7 390 (7.64%) Hadoop
8 302 (5.92%) Relational Database
9 300 (5.88%) Data Lake
10 279 (5.47%) MySQL
11 223 (4.37%) MongoDB
11 223 (4.37%) SQL Server
12 212 (4.16%) Amazon Redshift
13 195 (3.82%) BigQuery
14 183 (3.59%) Looker
15 166 (3.25%) Data Mining
16 150 (2.94%) Amazon Athena
17 140 (2.74%) Metadata
18 117 (2.29%) Amazon Aurora
19 115 (2.25%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 523 (10.25%) Git (software)
2 304 (5.96%) Jenkins
3 269 (5.27%) JIRA
4 105 (2.06%) GitLab
5 90 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
6 63 (1.23%) Cypress.io
7 61 (1.20%) Team Foundation Server
8 53 (1.04%) NUnit
9 51 (1.00%) Moq
9 51 (1.00%) Postman
10 50 (0.98%) webpack
11 49 (0.96%) CircleCI
12 47 (0.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 43 (0.84%) Bitbucket
13 43 (0.84%) Selenium
14 30 (0.59%) Mocha
15 27 (0.53%) ESLint
15 27 (0.53%) TeamCity
16 23 (0.45%) JMeter
17 21 (0.41%) Oracle Forms
General
1 1,229 (24.09%) Social Skills
2 1,126 (22.07%) Finance
3 859 (16.84%) Analytical Skills
4 408 (8.00%) Marketing
5 399 (7.82%) Retail
6 341 (6.68%) Banking
7 293 (5.74%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 253 (4.96%) Pharmaceutical
9 215 (4.21%) Games
10 169 (3.31%) Law
11 161 (3.16%) Presentation Skills
12 145 (2.84%) Organisational Skills
13 143 (2.80%) Legal
14 114 (2.23%) Telecoms
15 111 (2.18%) Manufacturing
16 91 (1.78%) Public Sector
17 90 (1.76%) Influencing Skills
18 82 (1.61%) Publishing
19 77 (1.51%) Automotive
20 76 (1.49%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 757 (14.84%) Data Scientist
2 749 (14.68%) Developer
3 667 (13.07%) Data Engineer
4 610 (11.96%) Software Engineer
5 342 (6.70%) Analyst
6 291 (5.70%) Senior Data Scientist
7 288 (5.64%) Architect
8 234 (4.59%) Senior Software Engineer
9 212 (4.16%) Python Developer
10 204 (4.00%) Data Analyst
11 172 (3.37%) Data Architect
12 156 (3.06%) Full Stack Developer
13 155 (3.04%) Senior Developer
14 144 (2.82%) AWS Engineer
15 132 (2.59%) Python Engineer
16 121 (2.37%) Senior Data Engineer
17 118 (2.31%) Principal Engineer
18 115 (2.25%) Machine Learning Engineer
19 112 (2.20%) Java Engineer
20 110 (2.16%) Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 618 (12.11%) React
2 559 (10.96%) Kafka
3 363 (7.11%) Node.js
4 318 (6.23%) CSS
5 317 (6.21%) HTML
6 261 (5.12%) TensorFlow
7 242 (4.74%) AngularJS
8 237 (4.65%) REST
9 233 (4.57%) Pandas
10 190 (3.72%) .NET
11 183 (3.59%) scikit-learn
12 176 (3.45%) NumPy
13 162 (3.18%) PyTorch
14 145 (2.84%) Django
14 145 (2.84%) RESTful
15 142 (2.78%) GraphQL
16 141 (2.76%) Spring
17 133 (2.61%) Flask
18 126 (2.47%) Vue.js
19 123 (2.41%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 906 (17.76%) Algorithms
2 447 (8.76%) User Experience
3 304 (5.96%) Life Science
4 260 (5.10%) Data Structures
5 152 (2.98%) Management Information System
6 145 (2.84%) Mobile App
7 126 (2.47%) Social Media
8 121 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
9 111 (2.18%) Greenfield Project
10 105 (2.06%) Renewable Energy
11 104 (2.04%) Hedge funds
12 103 (2.02%) Public Cloud
13 99 (1.94%) Virtual Team
14 86 (1.69%) Blog
15 80 (1.57%) Pricing Data
16 78 (1.53%) Cloud Native
17 62 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
18 47 (0.92%) Biotechnology
19 44 (0.86%) NHS
20 39 (0.76%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 370 (7.25%) Linux
2 144 (2.82%) Unix
3 100 (1.96%) Windows
4 65 (1.27%) Apple iOS
5 62 (1.22%) Android
6 35 (0.69%) CentOS
7 25 (0.49%) Mac OS
8 24 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
8 24 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
8 24 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
9 17 (0.33%) Solaris
10 16 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
11 13 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (0.25%) Ubuntu
12 11 (0.22%) Windows Server
13 4 (0.078%) DC/OS
14 3 (0.059%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.039%) Alpine Linux
16 1 (0.020%) watchOS
16 1 (0.020%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,274 (44.57%) Analytics
2 2,067 (40.51%) Machine Learning
3 1,641 (32.16%) Agile Software Development
4 1,578 (30.93%) Artificial Intelligence
5 1,377 (26.99%) Software Engineering
6 952 (18.66%) Business Intelligence
7 900 (17.64%) Computer Science
8 887 (17.39%) DevOps
9 866 (16.97%) Visualisation
10 862 (16.90%) Problem-Solving
11 855 (16.76%) Data Engineering
12 787 (15.43%) CI/CD
13 692 (13.56%) Mathematics
14 657 (12.88%) Microservices
15 649 (12.72%) Statistics
16 635 (12.45%) Mentoring
17 632 (12.39%) Data Analysis
18 579 (11.35%) Data Modelling
19 572 (11.21%) ETL
20 528 (10.35%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 3,057 (59.92%) Python
2 1,880 (36.85%) SQL
3 962 (18.86%) Java
4 709 (13.90%) JavaScript
5 654 (12.82%) R
6 425 (8.33%) C#
7 385 (7.55%) TypeScript
8 372 (7.29%) Scala
9 361 (7.08%) C++
10 258 (5.06%) C
11 199 (3.90%) Go
12 189 (3.70%) Bash
13 124 (2.43%) MATLAB
14 120 (2.35%) VBA
15 115 (2.25%) PowerShell
16 75 (1.47%) Ruby
17 68 (1.33%) Kotlin
18 65 (1.27%) Objective-C
18 65 (1.27%) PHP
19 64 (1.25%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,057 (20.72%) Degree
2 327 (6.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 308 (6.04%) PhD
4 120 (2.35%) Security Cleared
5 108 (2.12%) Master's Degree
6 79 (1.55%) Numerate Degree
7 74 (1.45%) SC Cleared
8 55 (1.08%) AWS Certification
9 25 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.27%) PMP
11 13 (0.25%) DV Cleared
12 10 (0.20%) Tableau Certification
13 9 (0.18%) PMI Certification
14 8 (0.16%) Postgraduate
15 6 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
16 4 (0.078%) BPSS Clearance
16 4 (0.078%) MBA
17 3 (0.059%) MCSA
18 2 (0.039%) HND
18 2 (0.039%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 354 (6.94%) QA
2 299 (5.86%) Data Quality
3 129 (2.53%) GDPR
4 90 (1.76%) Accessibility
5 39 (0.76%) GxP
6 38 (0.74%) Good Clinical Practice
7 35 (0.69%) CDISC
8 18 (0.35%) HIPAA
9 13 (0.25%) WCAG
10 11 (0.22%) Actionable Recommendations
10 11 (0.22%) PMO
11 8 (0.16%) IEC 62304
11 8 (0.16%) ISO 13485
12 7 (0.14%) WAI
13 6 (0.12%) PCI DSS
14 5 (0.098%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 4 (0.078%) GMP
15 4 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 3 (0.059%) ISO 9001
16 3 (0.059%) SLA
System Software
1 753 (14.76%) Docker
2 54 (1.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 26 (0.51%) Oracle RAC
4 25 (0.49%) HDFS
5 17 (0.33%) VirtualBox
6 14 (0.27%) Firmware
7 10 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.12%) Apache Flume
8 6 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.039%) Active Directory
9 2 (0.039%) Samba
10 1 (0.020%) etcd
10 1 (0.020%) vCloud
10 1 (0.020%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 803 (15.74%) Kubernetes
2 352 (6.90%) Terraform
3 183 (3.59%) Ansible
4 87 (1.71%) Grafana
5 51 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (0.92%) Kibana
7 42 (0.82%) Puppet
8 35 (0.69%) Prometheus
9 34 (0.67%) Kubeflow
10 26 (0.51%) Data Guard
11 25 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
12 20 (0.39%) HAProxy
12 20 (0.39%) ZABBIX
13 19 (0.37%) logstash
13 19 (0.37%) Opsgenie
13 19 (0.37%) Pingdom
14 16 (0.31%) Consul
15 15 (0.29%) MIIS
16 12 (0.24%) Graylog
16 12 (0.24%) Istio
Vendors
1 688 (13.48%) Google
2 298 (5.84%) Microsoft
3 241 (4.72%) Databricks
4 233 (4.57%) Oracle
5 97 (1.90%) Twitter
6 91 (1.78%) Facebook
7 82 (1.61%) SAP
8 62 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
9 59 (1.16%) Red Hat
10 55 (1.08%) Cloudera
10 55 (1.08%) Talend
11 51 (1.00%) Informatica
12 49 (0.96%) Adobe
13 46 (0.90%) IBM
14 39 (0.76%) Hortonworks
15 36 (0.71%) LexisNexis
16 34 (0.67%) Teradata
17 33 (0.65%) Atlassian
17 33 (0.65%) Cognizant
18 30 (0.59%) Apple