Period
to 27 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 27 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
27 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 92 129 140
Rank change year-on-year +37 +11 +29
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,959 1,778 3,773
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.51% 2.54% 2.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.76% 2.75% 2.81%
Number of salaries quoted 2,098 1,383 2,982
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £63,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.17% -3.08% +4.00%
75th Percentile £86,125 £82,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £53,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +3.77% +0.95% -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,354 64,725 134,240
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.44% 92.41% 92.43%
Number of salaries quoted 71,839 52,388 107,051
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 27 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 3,653 £67,500 +3.85% 403
London +21 2,367 £73,500 -0.68% 239
UK excluding London +30 1,352 £55,000 +3.77% 173
Work from Home +2 766 £65,000 -7.80% 88
South East +45 376 £60,000 +4.35% 40
South West +27 321 £50,000 - 21
North of England -20 222 £52,500 +10.53% 51
East of England +35 181 £55,000 -4.35% 27
North West +17 148 £55,000 +15.79% 34
Midlands -38 137 £53,750 -2.27% 20
Scotland -20 93 £50,000 - 9
West Midlands -50 93 £56,250 +2.27% 15
Yorkshire -28 56 £48,750 -11.36% 10
East Midlands -43 44 £41,250 -7.03% 5
North East -45 18 £51,500 +28.75% 7
Wales -31 17 £50,000 - 3
Northern Ireland - 6 £42,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 27 July 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,434 (61.48%) Python
2 1,728 (43.65%) Analytics
3 1,671 (42.21%) Machine Learning
4 1,479 (37.36%) SQL
5 1,353 (34.18%) AWS
6 1,350 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
7 1,327 (33.52%) Artificial Intelligence
8 881 (22.25%) Software Engineering
9 863 (21.80%) Social Skills
10 805 (20.33%) Azure
11 797 (20.13%) Docker
12 784 (19.80%) Finance
13 770 (19.45%) Big Data
14 742 (18.74%) Degree
15 722 (18.24%) DevOps
16 705 (17.81%) Java
17 693 (17.50%) Business Intelligence
18 678 (17.13%) GCP
19 657 (16.60%) Data Engineering
20 648 (16.37%) Kubernetes
21 631 (15.94%) Visualisation
22 613 (15.48%) Analytical Skills
23 600 (15.16%) Computer Science
24 590 (14.90%) Algorithms
25 557 (14.07%) JavaScript
26 553 (13.97%) ETL
27 542 (13.69%) Problem-Solving
28 531 (13.41%) R
29 517 (13.06%) React
30 505 (12.76%) Mathematics

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 483 (12.20%) Apache Spark
2 216 (5.46%) Apache Airflow
3 195 (4.93%) Confluence
4 180 (4.55%) Elasticsearch
5 177 (4.47%) SAS
6 167 (4.22%) Apache
7 52 (1.31%) Jupyter
8 33 (0.83%) CMS
9 20 (0.51%) nginx
10 19 (0.48%) Luigi
11 18 (0.45%) Tomcat
12 16 (0.40%) Gunicorn
12 16 (0.40%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.18%) Tornado
14 6 (0.15%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.13%) Traefik
16 4 (0.10%) Apache Pig
16 4 (0.10%) ArcGIS
16 4 (0.10%) Oracle Workflow
16 4 (0.10%) WordPress
Applications
1 120 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (1.09%) Microsoft Office
2 43 (1.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 28 (0.71%) Campfire
4 19 (0.48%) Sketch
5 17 (0.43%) Photoshop
6 16 (0.40%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.40%) Stata
7 14 (0.35%) SPSS
8 13 (0.33%) Figma
9 12 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
10 11 (0.28%) MS Visio
11 8 (0.20%) InVision
12 6 (0.15%) Gephi
12 6 (0.15%) Marvel
12 6 (0.15%) UserZoom
13 5 (0.13%) Fireworks
14 4 (0.10%) GIMP
14 4 (0.10%) Inkscape
Business Applications
1 16 (0.40%) Oracle ERP
2 9 (0.23%) HFM
2 9 (0.23%) Hyperion Planning
2 9 (0.23%) Magento
3 7 (0.18%) Oracle Clinical
4 6 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.13%) Summit
6 4 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.051%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
7 2 (0.051%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.051%) SAP MDG
7 2 (0.051%) Shopify
7 2 (0.051%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.025%) Misys Midas
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle BRM
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.025%) SAP BPC
8 1 (0.025%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.025%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 1,353 (34.18%) AWS
2 805 (20.33%) Azure
3 678 (17.13%) GCP
4 399 (10.08%) Power Platform
5 333 (8.41%) Serverless
6 185 (4.67%) Snowflake
7 177 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
8 144 (3.64%) SaaS
9 133 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
10 117 (2.96%) Amazon S3
11 111 (2.80%) Amazon EMR
12 100 (2.53%) GitHub
13 99 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
13 99 (2.50%) IBM Cloud
14 88 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
15 81 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
16 73 (1.84%) PaaS
17 69 (1.74%) Cloud Functions
18 64 (1.62%) Amazon SQS
19 61 (1.54%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 113 (2.85%) Firewall
2 93 (2.35%) VPN
3 83 (2.10%) IPv4
4 65 (1.64%) OSPF
4 65 (1.64%) VLAN
5 63 (1.59%) Internet
6 53 (1.34%) HTTP
7 52 (1.31%) Broadband
8 19 (0.48%) DNS
9 14 (0.35%) SSH
10 10 (0.25%) FTP
10 10 (0.25%) MQTT
11 9 (0.23%) Intrusion Detection
12 8 (0.20%) IPsec
12 8 (0.20%) SSL
13 6 (0.15%) 3G
13 6 (0.15%) 4G
13 6 (0.15%) Ethernet
13 6 (0.15%) MPLS
13 6 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 770 (19.45%) Big Data
2 411 (10.38%) Data Warehouse
3 403 (10.18%) Tableau
4 390 (9.85%) Power BI
5 335 (8.46%) NoSQL
6 327 (8.26%) PostgreSQL
7 311 (7.86%) Hadoop
8 235 (5.94%) Data Mining
9 211 (5.33%) Data Lake
10 180 (4.55%) Amazon Redshift
11 169 (4.27%) Relational Database
12 158 (3.99%) BigQuery
13 149 (3.76%) Amazon Athena
14 144 (3.64%) MySQL
15 142 (3.59%) SQL Server
16 127 (3.21%) Electronic Patient Records
16 127 (3.21%) MongoDB
17 125 (3.16%) Redis
18 114 (2.88%) Metadata
19 112 (2.83%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 444 (11.21%) Git (software)
2 306 (7.73%) Jenkins
3 281 (7.10%) JIRA
4 95 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 93 (2.35%) Vagrant
6 70 (1.77%) Subversion
7 57 (1.44%) webpack
8 45 (1.14%) GitLab
9 33 (0.83%) Oracle APEX
10 28 (0.71%) Babel
11 25 (0.63%) ESLint
12 23 (0.58%) Gradle
12 23 (0.58%) Octopus Deploy
12 23 (0.58%) Selenium
13 22 (0.56%) Cypress.io
14 21 (0.53%) gulp
15 19 (0.48%) Hudson
16 14 (0.35%) git-flow
17 13 (0.33%) Bitbucket
17 13 (0.33%) MLflow
General
1 863 (21.80%) Social Skills
2 784 (19.80%) Finance
3 613 (15.48%) Analytical Skills
4 283 (7.15%) Marketing
5 233 (5.89%) Banking
6 225 (5.68%) Retail
7 167 (4.22%) Pharmaceutical
8 150 (3.79%) Legal
9 147 (3.71%) Games
10 138 (3.49%) Law
11 119 (3.01%) Presentation Skills
12 100 (2.53%) Telecoms
13 92 (2.32%) Manufacturing
14 79 (2.00%) Public Sector
15 57 (1.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 52 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
17 48 (1.21%) Front Office
18 43 (1.09%) Advertising
19 42 (1.06%) Organisational Skills
20 39 (0.99%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 622 (15.71%) Data Scientist
2 595 (15.03%) Developer
3 573 (14.47%) Data Engineer
4 366 (9.24%) Software Engineer
5 234 (5.91%) Architect
6 228 (5.76%) Analyst
7 149 (3.76%) Senior Data Scientist
8 148 (3.74%) AWS Engineer
9 145 (3.66%) Python Engineer
10 138 (3.49%) Data Architect
11 137 (3.46%) Data Analyst
12 135 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
13 131 (3.31%) Senior Software Engineer
14 127 (3.21%) Consultant
15 118 (2.98%) Python Developer
16 113 (2.85%) Machine Learning Engineer
17 110 (2.78%) DevOps Engineer
18 94 (2.37%) Product Manager
19 85 (2.15%) Senior Developer
20 84 (2.12%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 517 (13.06%) React
2 369 (9.32%) Kafka
3 334 (8.44%) Node.js
4 285 (7.20%) REST
5 249 (6.29%) AngularJS
5 249 (6.29%) Web Services
6 233 (5.89%) TensorFlow
7 184 (4.65%) Pandas
8 179 (4.52%) NumPy
9 176 (4.45%) scikit-learn
10 167 (4.22%) Django
11 159 (4.02%) HTML
12 158 (3.99%) CSS
13 142 (3.59%) Vue.js
14 135 (3.41%) Redux
15 123 (3.11%) RESTful
16 120 (3.03%) GraphQL
17 118 (2.98%) .NET
18 114 (2.88%) Keras
19 112 (2.83%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 590 (14.90%) Algorithms
2 359 (9.07%) User Experience
3 216 (5.46%) Data Structures
4 198 (5.00%) Life Science
5 128 (3.23%) Public Cloud
6 120 (3.03%) Hedge funds
7 85 (2.15%) Cyberattack
8 83 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
9 73 (1.84%) Management Information System
10 68 (1.72%) Greenfield Project
11 63 (1.59%) Cloud Native
12 60 (1.52%) Social Media
13 56 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
14 54 (1.36%) Mobile App
15 52 (1.31%) Pricing Data
16 45 (1.14%) Legacy Systems
17 44 (1.11%) Virtual Team
18 38 (0.96%) Hybrid Cloud
19 37 (0.93%) Data Centre
20 36 (0.91%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 377 (9.52%) Linux
2 100 (2.53%) Windows
3 96 (2.42%) Unix
4 90 (2.27%) CentOS
5 58 (1.47%) Windows Server
6 56 (1.41%) Ubuntu
7 50 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
8 40 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 39 (0.99%) Apple iOS
10 35 (0.88%) Android
11 4 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.076%) watchOS
13 2 (0.051%) Debian
14 1 (0.025%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,728 (43.65%) Analytics
2 1,671 (42.21%) Machine Learning
3 1,350 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
4 1,327 (33.52%) Artificial Intelligence
5 881 (22.25%) Software Engineering
6 722 (18.24%) DevOps
7 693 (17.50%) Business Intelligence
8 657 (16.60%) Data Engineering
9 631 (15.94%) Visualisation
10 600 (15.16%) Computer Science
11 553 (13.97%) ETL
12 542 (13.69%) Problem-Solving
13 505 (12.76%) Mathematics
14 489 (12.35%) Data Pipeline
15 459 (11.59%) Data Modelling
16 440 (11.11%) Statistics
17 434 (10.96%) Microservices
18 421 (10.63%) Scrum
19 405 (10.23%) Data Analytics
20 388 (9.80%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,434 (61.48%) Python
2 1,479 (37.36%) SQL
3 705 (17.81%) Java
4 557 (14.07%) JavaScript
5 531 (13.41%) R
6 333 (8.41%) TypeScript
7 236 (5.96%) C++
8 223 (5.63%) Scala
9 205 (5.18%) Bash Shell
10 189 (4.77%) Go
11 181 (4.57%) C
12 157 (3.97%) C#
13 142 (3.59%) PowerShell
14 64 (1.62%) MATLAB
15 52 (1.31%) T-SQL
16 50 (1.26%) Kotlin
17 46 (1.16%) SAS Macro
18 41 (1.04%) ES6
19 39 (0.99%) VBA
20 36 (0.91%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 742 (18.74%) Degree
2 249 (6.29%) PhD
3 209 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
4 129 (3.26%) Security Cleared
5 121 (3.06%) Master's Degree
6 75 (1.89%) Numerate Degree
7 65 (1.64%) SC Cleared
8 36 (0.91%) DV Cleared
9 34 (0.86%) GIAC
10 28 (0.71%) RHCE
11 23 (0.58%) AWS Certification
12 16 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
13 13 (0.33%) MCSE
13 13 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (0.28%) CISSP
14 11 (0.28%) Postgraduate
15 9 (0.23%) ACCA
15 9 (0.23%) CIMA
16 8 (0.20%) Tableau Certification
17 7 (0.18%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 220 (5.56%) Data Quality
2 185 (4.67%) QA
3 159 (4.02%) GDPR
4 43 (1.09%) CDISC
5 41 (1.04%) Accessibility
6 31 (0.78%) Good Clinical Practice
7 25 (0.63%) SLA
8 24 (0.61%) WCAG
9 17 (0.43%) Actionable Recommendations
9 17 (0.43%) GRC
10 16 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 14 (0.35%) GxP
12 9 (0.23%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.13%) WAI
14 3 (0.076%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.076%) NIST
15 1 (0.025%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 1 (0.025%) IEC 62304
15 1 (0.025%) IFRS
15 1 (0.025%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 797 (20.13%) Docker
2 90 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
3 74 (1.87%) VirtualBox
4 69 (1.74%) VMware ESXi
5 19 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 19 (0.48%) Firmware
6 11 (0.28%) etcd
7 7 (0.18%) HDFS
8 6 (0.15%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.13%) Active Directory
9 5 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.076%) NFS
10 3 (0.076%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.025%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 648 (16.37%) Kubernetes
2 377 (9.52%) Terraform
3 360 (9.09%) Ansible
4 170 (4.29%) Puppet
5 93 (2.35%) Docker Swarm
6 79 (2.00%) Grafana
7 72 (1.82%) Prometheus
8 71 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
9 35 (0.88%) Consul
10 27 (0.68%) Kubeflow
11 22 (0.56%) ZABBIX
12 20 (0.51%) Packer
13 19 (0.48%) Kibana
13 19 (0.48%) Salt
14 18 (0.45%) Graphite
14 18 (0.45%) Nagios
14 18 (0.45%) Opsview
15 10 (0.25%) Failover Clustering
15 10 (0.25%) Istio
15 10 (0.25%) Oozie
Vendors
1 416 (10.51%) Google
2 314 (7.93%) Microsoft
3 214 (5.41%) Oracle
4 124 (3.13%) Databricks
5 119 (3.01%) IBM
6 99 (2.50%) Cloudera
7 96 (2.42%) Talend
8 92 (2.32%) VMware
9 86 (2.17%) Informatica
10 78 (1.97%) Hortonworks
11 76 (1.92%) SAP
12 73 (1.84%) Red Hat
13 53 (1.34%) Alteryx
14 41 (1.04%) Facebook
15 40 (1.01%) Yahoo!
16 39 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
17 34 (0.86%) Instagram
18 28 (0.71%) Hyperion
18 28 (0.71%) Teradata
19 25 (0.63%) PagerDuty