Period
to 19 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 19 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 145 188 273
Rank change year-on-year +43 +85 +108
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,607 3,289 2,100
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.38% 1.87% 1.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.59% 2.04% 1.33%
Number of salaries quoted 2,704 2,728 1,744
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% -4.17%
10th Percentile £33,825 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year - +2.04% -1.01%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,013 161,247 158,373
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.74% 91.84% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 109,707 130,895 130,572
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 19 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 3,417 £65,000 +4.00% 511
London +12 2,089 £72,500 +3.57% 290
UK excluding London +77 1,454 £50,000 - 244
South East +140 565 £50,000 - 56
North of England +49 225 £48,000 -4.00% 51
South West +56 207 £55,000 - 35
East of England +1 177 £55,000 +10.00% 49
North West +30 143 £48,000 +6.67% 33
Scotland +28 131 £37,500 -16.67% 18
Midlands +33 126 £39,114 -7.97% 29
Yorkshire +38 65 £50,000 -13.04% 16
West Midlands +2 64 £39,114 -7.97% 18
East Midlands +45 62 £40,000 -5.88% 11
North East +30 17 £45,000 -18.56% 2
Wales +15 16 £64,375 +35.81% 4
Northern Ireland -10 7 £32,000 -62.35% 2

For the 6 months to 19 February 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,041 (56.58%) Python
2 1,702 (47.19%) Analytics
3 1,659 (45.99%) Machine Learning
4 1,200 (33.27%) SQL
5 1,028 (28.50%) Big Data
6 1,004 (27.83%) Agile Software Development
7 948 (26.28%) Degree
8 920 (25.51%) R
9 827 (22.93%) Artificial Intelligence
10 800 (22.18%) Mathematics
11 764 (21.18%) Java
12 732 (20.29%) Finance
12 732 (20.29%) Visualisation
13 727 (20.16%) Apache Spark
14 724 (20.07%) Algorithms
15 681 (18.88%) Amazon AWS
16 679 (18.82%) Hadoop
17 612 (16.97%) Software Engineering
18 601 (16.66%) Computer Science
19 565 (15.66%) Data Analysis
20 563 (15.61%) Analytical Skills
21 562 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
22 543 (15.05%) Microsoft Azure
23 473 (13.11%) Statistics
24 444 (12.31%) Data Analytics
25 443 (12.28%) PhD
26 440 (12.20%) Scala
27 439 (12.17%) Data Visualisation
28 416 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
29 413 (11.45%) Data Engineering

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 727 (20.16%) Apache Spark
2 237 (6.57%) SAS
3 197 (5.46%) Apache
4 169 (4.69%) Elasticsearch
5 128 (3.55%) Apache Pig
6 46 (1.28%) Apache Solr
7 33 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
8 25 (0.69%) CMS
8 25 (0.69%) Jupyter
9 20 (0.55%) EPiServer
10 19 (0.53%) GlassFish
10 19 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 18 (0.50%) OpenStack
12 16 (0.44%) SharePoint
13 11 (0.30%) Luigi
13 11 (0.30%) Marvel
14 10 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
15 8 (0.22%) Confluence
16 7 (0.19%) DNN
16 7 (0.19%) Ethereum
Applications
1 66 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (1.36%) SPSS
3 30 (0.83%) GNU Octave
4 21 (0.58%) Chatbot
5 14 (0.39%) Stata
6 12 (0.33%) InVision
6 12 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 11 (0.30%) Adobe After Effects
7 11 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
7 11 (0.30%) Photoshop
8 10 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 10 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
8 10 (0.28%) MS Visio
9 9 (0.25%) Flinto
10 3 (0.083%) S-PLUS
10 3 (0.083%) Weka
11 2 (0.055%) CPLEX
12 1 (0.028%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.028%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 11 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
1 11 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (0.28%) Eloqua
3 4 (0.11%) FastStats
4 3 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.083%) Maximo
5 2 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.055%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.055%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.055%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.055%) WebTrends
6 1 (0.028%) CaseMap
6 1 (0.028%) Concordance
6 1 (0.028%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.028%) Odoo
6 1 (0.028%) PolarLake
6 1 (0.028%) Relativity
6 1 (0.028%) Unica
6 1 (0.028%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 681 (18.88%) Amazon AWS
2 543 (15.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 304 (8.43%) Google Cloud Platform
4 106 (2.94%) SaaS
5 81 (2.25%) PaaS
6 76 (2.11%) Serverless
7 74 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
8 55 (1.52%) Amazon S3
9 50 (1.39%) Google Analytics
10 44 (1.22%) Azure Data Factory
10 44 (1.22%) GitHub
11 41 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
12 31 (0.86%) Amazon EMR
12 31 (0.86%) Azure Machine Learning
13 30 (0.83%) Amazon Kinesis
14 29 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
14 29 (0.80%) Data Lake Analytics
15 28 (0.78%) IaaS
16 25 (0.69%) Office 365
17 24 (0.67%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 33 (0.91%) Internet
2 25 (0.69%) HTTP
3 14 (0.39%) Network Security
4 13 (0.36%) Firewall
4 13 (0.36%) Intranet
5 9 (0.25%) Broadband
5 9 (0.25%) DNS
6 6 (0.17%) PPP
7 5 (0.14%) VPN
8 3 (0.083%) DHCP
8 3 (0.083%) FTP
8 3 (0.083%) Skype
9 2 (0.055%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.055%) MQTT
9 2 (0.055%) NFC
9 2 (0.055%) Wireless
10 1 (0.028%) Asterisk PBX
10 1 (0.028%) DAB
10 1 (0.028%) SMS
10 1 (0.028%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,028 (28.50%) Big Data
2 679 (18.82%) Hadoop
3 352 (9.76%) NoSQL
4 338 (9.37%) Apache Hive
5 325 (9.01%) Data Warehouse
6 265 (7.35%) Power BI
7 246 (6.82%) Data Mining
8 239 (6.63%) SQL Server
9 215 (5.96%) Apache Cassandra
10 184 (5.10%) PostgreSQL
11 166 (4.60%) Relational Database
12 163 (4.52%) MongoDB
13 149 (4.13%) Amazon Redshift
14 139 (3.85%) HBase
15 132 (3.66%) Impala
16 126 (3.49%) Data Lake
17 123 (3.41%) MySQL
18 118 (3.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 107 (2.97%) QlikView
20 98 (2.72%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 266 (7.37%) Git (software)
2 122 (3.38%) Jenkins
3 95 (2.63%) Visual Studio
4 70 (1.94%) Selenium
5 47 (1.30%) Maven
6 42 (1.16%) Subversion
7 41 (1.14%) JIRA
8 35 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
9 30 (0.83%) Gradle
9 30 (0.83%) TeamCity
10 29 (0.80%) JMeter
11 28 (0.78%) Octopus Deploy
11 28 (0.78%) SoapUI
12 21 (0.58%) Ant
12 21 (0.58%) Mocha
12 21 (0.58%) Protractor
13 20 (0.55%) Bower
13 20 (0.55%) gulp
13 20 (0.55%) Karma Test Runner
13 20 (0.55%) Mercurial
General
1 732 (20.29%) Finance
2 298 (8.26%) Retail
3 271 (7.51%) Banking
4 249 (6.90%) Marketing
5 170 (4.71%) Telecoms
6 151 (4.19%) Pharmaceutical
7 116 (3.22%) Law
8 67 (1.86%) Military
9 66 (1.83%) Games
10 65 (1.80%) Investment Banking
11 50 (1.39%) Manufacturing
12 48 (1.33%) Advertising
13 33 (0.91%) Electronics
14 29 (0.80%) Legal
15 27 (0.75%) Front Office
16 21 (0.58%) Financial Institution
17 15 (0.42%) Automotive
18 13 (0.36%) Retail Banking
19 10 (0.28%) Back Office
19 10 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 990 (27.45%) Data Scientist
2 575 (15.94%) Developer
3 487 (13.50%) Data Engineer
4 280 (7.76%) Senior Data Scientist
5 251 (6.96%) Analyst
6 194 (5.38%) Consultant
7 184 (5.10%) Architect
8 134 (3.71%) Data Analyst
9 120 (3.33%) Graduate
10 113 (3.13%) Software Engineer
11 112 (3.11%) Python Engineer
12 110 (3.05%) Big Data Engineer
13 101 (2.80%) Python Developer
14 98 (2.72%) Senior Data Engineer
15 87 (2.41%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 86 (2.38%) Data Architect
17 85 (2.36%) Machine Learning Engineer
18 82 (2.27%) Software Developer
19 80 (2.22%) Senior Developer
20 79 (2.19%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 355 (9.84%) Kafka
2 332 (9.20%) Natural Language Processing
3 231 (6.40%) .NET
4 201 (5.57%) HTML
5 197 (5.46%) TensorFlow
6 193 (5.35%) Pandas
7 182 (5.05%) AngularJS
8 177 (4.91%) scikit-learn
9 167 (4.63%) NumPy
10 155 (4.30%) CSS
11 144 (3.99%) React
12 143 (3.96%) Web Services
13 120 (3.33%) SciPy
14 103 (2.86%) HTML5
15 87 (2.41%) Node.js
16 79 (2.19%) D3.js
16 79 (2.19%) RESTful
17 72 (2.00%) PySpark
18 67 (1.86%) JSON
19 66 (1.83%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 724 (20.07%) Algorithms
2 563 (15.61%) Analytical Skills
3 196 (5.43%) Fintech
4 111 (3.08%) User Experience
5 92 (2.55%) Data Structures
6 91 (2.52%) Greenfield Project
7 85 (2.36%) Management Information System
8 67 (1.86%) Public Cloud
9 54 (1.50%) Social Media
10 52 (1.44%) FMCG
10 52 (1.44%) Social Network
11 47 (1.30%) Life Science
12 44 (1.22%) Cloud Native
12 44 (1.22%) Mobile App
13 42 (1.16%) Enterprise Cloud
14 39 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
15 38 (1.05%) Robotics
16 34 (0.94%) Hybrid Cloud
17 33 (0.91%) Virtual Team
18 28 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 259 (7.18%) Linux
2 78 (2.16%) Unix
3 65 (1.80%) Windows
4 37 (1.03%) Apple iOS
5 33 (0.91%) Android
6 10 (0.28%) FreeBSD
7 6 (0.17%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.14%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.083%) Debian
9 3 (0.083%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.083%) SUSE
10 2 (0.055%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.055%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.055%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.028%) CentOS
11 1 (0.028%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.028%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,702 (47.19%) Analytics
2 1,659 (45.99%) Machine Learning
3 1,004 (27.83%) Agile Software Development
4 827 (22.93%) Artificial Intelligence
5 800 (22.18%) Mathematics
6 732 (20.29%) Visualisation
7 612 (16.97%) Software Engineering
8 601 (16.66%) Computer Science
9 565 (15.66%) Data Analysis
10 562 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
11 473 (13.11%) Statistics
12 444 (12.31%) Data Analytics
13 439 (12.17%) Data Visualisation
14 416 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
15 413 (11.45%) Data Engineering
16 400 (11.09%) Data Modelling
17 393 (10.90%) ETL
18 369 (10.23%) DevOps
19 322 (8.93%) Decision-Making
20 309 (8.57%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,041 (56.58%) Python
2 1,200 (33.27%) SQL
3 920 (25.51%) R
4 764 (21.18%) Java
5 440 (12.20%) Scala
6 405 (11.23%) JavaScript
7 395 (10.95%) C++
8 386 (10.70%) C#
9 235 (6.52%) MATLAB
10 207 (5.74%) C
11 80 (2.22%) Ruby
12 66 (1.83%) T-SQL
13 60 (1.66%) Go
14 58 (1.61%) Bash Shell
15 54 (1.50%) Shell Script
16 42 (1.16%) TypeScript
17 39 (1.08%) Java 8
17 39 (1.08%) PHP
18 29 (0.80%) Groovy
18 29 (0.80%) Perl
Qualifications
1 948 (26.28%) Degree
2 443 (12.28%) PhD
3 133 (3.69%) Computer Science Degree
4 109 (3.02%) Master's Degree
5 83 (2.30%) Security Cleared
6 65 (1.80%) Numerate Degree
7 42 (1.16%) MBA
8 39 (1.08%) SC Cleared
9 37 (1.03%) CISSP
10 29 (0.80%) DV Cleared
11 28 (0.78%) PMI Certification
12 26 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
13 23 (0.64%) SAFe Agilist
14 21 (0.58%) Postgraduate
15 20 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
16 19 (0.53%) CEH
17 18 (0.50%) ISTQB
18 15 (0.42%) CISA
19 14 (0.39%) CISM
20 12 (0.33%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 138 (3.83%) Data Quality
2 85 (2.36%) QA
3 35 (0.97%) GDPR
4 19 (0.53%) IFRS
5 16 (0.44%) Solvency II
6 13 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
6 13 (0.36%) FATCA
6 13 (0.36%) IFRS 9
7 12 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.25%) PMO
9 7 (0.19%) COBIT
10 6 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
10 6 (0.17%) BS7799
11 3 (0.083%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.055%) SEPA
12 2 (0.055%) SLA
13 1 (0.028%) Basel III
13 1 (0.028%) EMIR
13 1 (0.028%) MiFID
13 1 (0.028%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 263 (7.29%) Docker
2 92 (2.55%) HDFS
3 82 (2.27%) Apache Flume
4 27 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (0.72%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.33%) VirtualBox
7 10 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.25%) vSphere
9 2 (0.055%) etcd
9 2 (0.055%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.055%) Snort
10 1 (0.028%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 213 (5.91%) Kubernetes
2 125 (3.47%) Hadoop YARN
3 108 (2.99%) Ansible
3 108 (2.99%) Oozie
4 68 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
5 64 (1.77%) Terraform
6 48 (1.33%) Puppet
7 36 (1.00%) Prometheus
8 23 (0.64%) Nagios
9 18 (0.50%) Grafana
10 17 (0.47%) Kibana
11 16 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
12 10 (0.28%) logstash
12 10 (0.28%) Mesos
12 10 (0.28%) Rundeck
13 8 (0.22%) SQL Sentry
14 7 (0.19%) Ambari
14 7 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 7 (0.19%) EMC NetWorker
14 7 (0.19%) SCOM
Vendors
1 383 (10.62%) Tableau
2 273 (7.57%) Microsoft
3 272 (7.54%) Google
4 177 (4.91%) SAP
5 155 (4.30%) Oracle
6 134 (3.71%) Cloudera
7 105 (2.91%) Hortonworks
8 83 (2.30%) Databricks
9 77 (2.13%) MapR
10 56 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
11 47 (1.30%) Adobe
12 45 (1.25%) Informatica
13 44 (1.22%) IBM
14 41 (1.14%) Progress
14 41 (1.14%) Talend
15 38 (1.05%) VMware
16 28 (0.78%) Alteryx
17 23 (0.64%) Teradata
18 19 (0.53%) IDERA
19 14 (0.39%) WorldPay