Period
to 20 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 167 230 318
Rank change year-on-year +63 +88 +157
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,461 2,743 2,027
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.05% 1.56% 1.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.25% 1.70% 1.13%
Number of salaries quoted 2,663 2,237 1,721
UK median annual salary £62,500 £64,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.34% +6.67% +1.69%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 153,965 161,029 179,081
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.10% 91.53% 90.83%
Number of salaries quoted 122,609 128,176 149,466
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +0.71%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +60 3,304 £65,000 - 335
London +44 2,125 £70,000 +3.70% 207
UK excluding London +82 1,274 £52,500 +5.00% 147
South East +110 408 £50,000 - 48
North of England +24 280 £50,000 -9.09% 27
East of England +56 208 £50,000 +6.38% 18
North West +38 200 £51,000 -8.93% 11
South West +57 166 £55,000 - 16
Scotland +25 112 £57,500 +12.20% 14
Midlands +13 83 £47,500 +11.76% 19
Yorkshire +11 72 £46,250 -15.91% 14
West Midlands +17 51 £47,500 - 11
East Midlands -17 30 £45,000 +5.88% 8
Wales +3 14 £47,500 +8.57% 3
North East -23 8 £44,000 -12.00% 2
Northern Ireland +7 7 £50,000 +42.86% 2

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,015 (58.22%) Python
2 1,766 (51.03%) Machine Learning
3 1,542 (44.55%) Analytics
4 1,360 (39.30%) SQL
5 1,177 (34.01%) Big Data
6 990 (28.60%) R
7 920 (26.58%) Degree
8 866 (25.02%) Agile Software Development
9 783 (22.62%) Mathematics
10 780 (22.54%) Java
11 776 (22.42%) Apache Spark
12 754 (21.79%) Hadoop
13 747 (21.58%) Computer Science
14 697 (20.14%) Algorithms
15 644 (18.61%) Finance
16 643 (18.58%) Amazon AWS
17 623 (18.00%) Artificial Intelligence
17 623 (18.00%) Analytical Skills
18 594 (17.16%) Software Engineering
19 567 (16.38%) Business Intelligence
20 532 (15.37%) Statistics
21 525 (15.17%) Visualisation
22 522 (15.08%) PhD
23 518 (14.97%) Scala
24 509 (14.71%) Data Analytics
25 505 (14.59%) Problem-Solving
26 501 (14.48%) Microsoft Azure
27 498 (14.39%) NoSQL
28 441 (12.74%) JavaScript
29 431 (12.45%) Data Analysis

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 776 (22.42%) Apache Spark
2 222 (6.41%) SAS
3 124 (3.58%) Apache
4 117 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
5 80 (2.31%) Apache Pig
5 80 (2.31%) CMS
6 76 (2.20%) EPiServer
7 41 (1.18%) Sitecore CMS
8 30 (0.87%) Confluence
9 21 (0.61%) JBoss
9 21 (0.61%) Jupyter
10 17 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
10 17 (0.49%) SharePoint
11 12 (0.35%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.32%) Drupal
12 11 (0.32%) Tornado
13 8 (0.23%) Luigi
13 8 (0.23%) NServiceBus
14 7 (0.20%) IPython
14 7 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 81 (2.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (1.76%) SPSS
3 39 (1.13%) Chatbot
4 36 (1.04%) GNU Octave
5 21 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
6 12 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 11 (0.32%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.20%) Stata
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
10 6 (0.17%) InVision
10 6 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
10 6 (0.17%) Pixate
11 4 (0.12%) Mathematica
11 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
12 2 (0.058%) CPLEX
12 2 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.058%) Weka
Business Applications
1 41 (1.18%) Eloqua
2 11 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
4 6 (0.17%) SAP BPC
5 5 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 5 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.12%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.12%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
6 4 (0.12%) SAP Retail
7 3 (0.087%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.087%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.087%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.058%) Eikon
8 2 (0.058%) Maximo
8 2 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.058%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.029%) Oracle AML
Cloud Services
1 643 (18.58%) Amazon AWS
2 501 (14.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 117 (3.38%) Google Cloud Platform
4 115 (3.32%) Azure Data Factory
5 84 (2.43%) Serverless
6 83 (2.40%) npm
7 81 (2.34%) SaaS
8 66 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
9 64 (1.85%) Amazon S3
10 61 (1.76%) GitHub
11 57 (1.65%) IaaS
12 51 (1.47%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 41 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
14 38 (1.10%) Amazon EMR
15 35 (1.01%) PaaS
16 34 (0.98%) Adobe Analytics
17 31 (0.90%) Azure Machine Learning
18 29 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
18 29 (0.84%) Google Analytics
19 27 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.13%) Internet
2 24 (0.69%) HTTP
3 18 (0.52%) SMS
4 11 (0.32%) Bluetooth
4 11 (0.32%) DAB
4 11 (0.32%) NFC
5 9 (0.26%) Broadband
6 8 (0.23%) Firewall
6 8 (0.23%) Network Security
7 5 (0.14%) FTP
7 5 (0.14%) MQTT
7 5 (0.14%) Skype
7 5 (0.14%) SMTP
7 5 (0.14%) VPN
8 4 (0.12%) Hyperconnected
9 3 (0.087%) LAN
9 3 (0.087%) WAN
10 2 (0.058%) DNS
10 2 (0.058%) VoIP
10 2 (0.058%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,177 (34.01%) Big Data
2 754 (21.79%) Hadoop
3 498 (14.39%) NoSQL
4 324 (9.36%) Data Warehouse
5 308 (8.90%) MongoDB
6 306 (8.84%) SQL Server
7 305 (8.81%) Apache Hive
8 282 (8.15%) Power BI
9 215 (6.21%) Relational Database
10 208 (6.01%) PostgreSQL
11 202 (5.84%) Data Mining
12 188 (5.43%) Data Lake
13 183 (5.29%) Apache Cassandra
14 162 (4.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 161 (4.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 144 (4.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 120 (3.47%) HBase
18 115 (3.32%) MySQL
19 112 (3.24%) Amazon Redshift
20 106 (3.06%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 336 (9.71%) Git (software)
2 159 (4.59%) Visual Studio
3 140 (4.05%) Jenkins
4 139 (4.02%) Selenium
5 110 (3.18%) TeamCity
6 94 (2.72%) Octopus Deploy
7 85 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
8 83 (2.40%) gulp
9 81 (2.34%) Protractor
10 79 (2.28%) Karma Test Runner
11 76 (2.20%) Bower
11 76 (2.20%) Mocha
11 76 (2.20%) Sinon.JS
12 73 (2.11%) JIRA
13 55 (1.59%) Subversion
14 50 (1.44%) JUnit
15 36 (1.04%) webpack
16 27 (0.78%) Maven
17 23 (0.66%) RStudio
18 19 (0.55%) Artifactory
General
1 644 (18.61%) Finance
2 361 (10.43%) Marketing
3 229 (6.62%) Retail
4 204 (5.89%) Banking
5 155 (4.48%) Advertising
6 73 (2.11%) Games
6 73 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 50 (1.44%) Financial Institution
7 50 (1.44%) Pharmaceutical
8 47 (1.36%) Investment Banking
9 46 (1.33%) Electronics
9 46 (1.33%) Law
10 41 (1.18%) Manufacturing
11 37 (1.07%) Publishing
12 30 (0.87%) Front Office
13 18 (0.52%) Automotive
14 13 (0.38%) Legal
15 11 (0.32%) Digital Economy
16 8 (0.23%) Retail Finance
17 7 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,059 (30.60%) Data Scientist
2 564 (16.30%) Developer
3 347 (10.03%) Data Engineer
4 314 (9.07%) Senior Data Scientist
5 206 (5.95%) Analyst
6 204 (5.89%) Consultant
7 151 (4.36%) Architect
8 142 (4.10%) Big Data Engineer
9 131 (3.79%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 129 (3.73%) Software Engineer
11 113 (3.26%) Data Analyst
12 112 (3.24%) .NET Developer
13 99 (2.86%) Senior Developer
14 97 (2.80%) Python Engineer
15 89 (2.57%) Python Developer
16 87 (2.51%) Junior
17 76 (2.20%) Graduate
18 75 (2.17%) Business Intelligence Consultant
19 71 (2.05%) Machine Learning Engineer
20 69 (1.99%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 403 (11.64%) Natural Language Processing
2 261 (7.54%) Kafka
3 246 (7.11%) .NET
4 235 (6.79%) TensorFlow
5 228 (6.59%) Pandas
6 222 (6.41%) AngularJS
7 213 (6.15%) HTML
7 213 (6.15%) NumPy
8 178 (5.14%) CSS
9 173 (5.00%) scikit-learn
10 168 (4.85%) RESTful
11 159 (4.59%) Web Services
12 144 (4.16%) SciPy
13 140 (4.05%) HTML5
13 140 (4.05%) Node.js
14 137 (3.96%) React
15 106 (3.06%) jQuery
16 102 (2.95%) CSS3
17 92 (2.66%) ASP.NET
18 89 (2.57%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 747 (21.58%) Computer Science
2 697 (20.14%) Algorithms
3 623 (18.00%) Analytical Skills
4 202 (5.84%) Fintech
5 177 (5.11%) Data Structures
6 160 (4.62%) User Experience
7 106 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
8 71 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
9 61 (1.76%) Mobile App
10 49 (1.42%) Life Science
11 48 (1.39%) Management Information System
12 47 (1.36%) Social Media
13 44 (1.27%) Cloud Native
14 43 (1.24%) Virtual Team
15 42 (1.21%) NHS
16 35 (1.01%) Hedge funds
17 32 (0.92%) Cyberthreat
18 27 (0.78%) Credit Risk
19 24 (0.69%) Enterprise Software
20 23 (0.66%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 303 (8.75%) Linux
2 97 (2.80%) Unix
3 54 (1.56%) Windows
4 50 (1.44%) Android
5 40 (1.16%) Apple iOS
6 13 (0.38%) Ubuntu
6 13 (0.38%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.26%) CentOS
8 6 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.087%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.058%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.029%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.029%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,766 (51.03%) Machine Learning
2 1,542 (44.55%) Analytics
3 866 (25.02%) Agile Software Development
4 783 (22.62%) Mathematics
5 623 (18.00%) Artificial Intelligence
6 594 (17.16%) Software Engineering
7 567 (16.38%) Business Intelligence
8 532 (15.37%) Statistics
9 525 (15.17%) Visualisation
10 509 (14.71%) Data Analytics
11 505 (14.59%) Problem-Solving
12 431 (12.45%) Data Analysis
13 391 (11.30%) DevOps
14 379 (10.95%) ETL
15 369 (10.66%) Deep Learning
16 317 (9.16%) Data Visualisation
17 298 (8.61%) Physics
18 269 (7.77%) Predictive Modelling
19 267 (7.71%) Data Engineering
20 265 (7.66%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2,015 (58.22%) Python
2 1,360 (39.30%) SQL
3 990 (28.60%) R
4 780 (22.54%) Java
5 518 (14.97%) Scala
6 441 (12.74%) JavaScript
7 407 (11.76%) C++
8 364 (10.52%) C#
9 270 (7.80%) MATLAB
10 179 (5.17%) C
11 85 (2.46%) T-SQL
12 74 (2.14%) Ruby
13 63 (1.82%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 63 (1.82%) Shell Script
14 58 (1.68%) U-SQL
15 55 (1.59%) Bash Shell
15 55 (1.59%) Go
16 44 (1.27%) HiveQL
17 36 (1.04%) VBA
18 35 (1.01%) PHP
Qualifications
1 920 (26.58%) Degree
2 522 (15.08%) PhD
3 158 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 108 (3.12%) Numerate Degree
5 88 (2.54%) Master's Degree
6 73 (2.11%) SAFe Agilist
7 57 (1.65%) Security Cleared
8 27 (0.78%) SC Cleared
9 22 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
10 17 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 15 (0.43%) PMI Certification
12 14 (0.40%) CISSP
13 11 (0.32%) Postgraduate
13 11 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
14 10 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
15 8 (0.23%) CEH
15 8 (0.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 7 (0.20%) AWS Certification
16 7 (0.20%) CompTIA Security+
16 7 (0.20%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (3.47%) QA
2 83 (2.40%) Data Quality
3 39 (1.13%) GCP
4 35 (1.01%) GDPR
5 13 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
5 13 (0.38%) FATCA
5 13 (0.38%) IFRS
5 13 (0.38%) IFRS 9
5 13 (0.38%) Solvency II
6 9 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
7 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.12%) MiFID
7 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.12%) PMO
8 3 (0.087%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.058%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.029%) COBIT
10 1 (0.029%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.029%) SLA
System Software
1 242 (6.99%) Docker
2 170 (4.91%) HDFS
3 70 (2.02%) Apache Flume
4 52 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.38%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.087%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.087%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.058%) Active Directory
8 2 (0.058%) KVM
8 2 (0.058%) LXC
8 2 (0.058%) vCloud
8 2 (0.058%) Xen
Systems Management
1 128 (3.70%) Kubernetes
2 64 (1.85%) Ansible
3 52 (1.50%) Oozie
4 49 (1.42%) Hadoop YARN
5 46 (1.33%) Terraform
6 37 (1.07%) Prometheus
7 27 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
8 26 (0.75%) Grafana
9 23 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
9 23 (0.66%) Kibana
9 23 (0.66%) Mesos
10 22 (0.64%) Puppet
11 12 (0.35%) logstash
12 10 (0.29%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.23%) Xymon
14 6 (0.17%) Rancher
15 5 (0.14%) Nagios
16 4 (0.12%) Ambari
17 3 (0.087%) EMC NetWorker
17 3 (0.087%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 359 (10.37%) Tableau
2 334 (9.65%) Microsoft
3 177 (5.11%) Google
4 97 (2.80%) Oracle
5 87 (2.51%) Cloudera
6 86 (2.48%) Hortonworks
7 63 (1.82%) SAP
8 47 (1.36%) Adobe
9 45 (1.30%) IBM
10 41 (1.18%) MapR
10 41 (1.18%) Marketo
10 41 (1.18%) Sitecore
11 36 (1.04%) Databricks
12 32 (0.92%) Informatica
13 30 (0.87%) Alias
13 30 (0.87%) Cognos
14 27 (0.78%) Talend
15 25 (0.72%) Teradata
16 21 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
16 21 (0.61%) WorldPay