Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 105 126 143
Rank change year-on-year +21 +17 +30
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 2,450 2,970 3,727
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.95% 2.61% 2.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.19% 2.83% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 1,672 2,297 2,902
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £34,888
25th Percentile £48,750 £48,750 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £102,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -4.76%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,792 104,892 137,408
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.47% 92.14% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 59,116 84,257 109,289
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 2,262 £65,000 - 348
London +17 1,369 £70,000 -6.67% 199
UK excluding London +35 958 £57,500 +4.55% 155
Work from Home -8 454 £70,000 - 61
South West +15 251 £52,500 - 26
South East +34 220 £60,000 +4.35% 37
North of England +2 181 £55,000 +2.33% 39
North West +18 122 £60,000 +14.29% 29
East of England +51 118 £60,500 +10.00% 22
Midlands +35 92 £52,500 -4.55% 22
West Midlands +32 72 £52,500 -8.70% 18
Scotland -2 69 £55,000 +4.76% 8
Yorkshire -16 40 £53,250 -3.18% 5
East Midlands +5 20 £48,750 +9.87% 4
North East +1 19 £49,000 -10.91% 5
Northern Ireland +13 14 £42,500 -34.62%
Wales -1 12 £50,000 - 1
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,556 (63.51%) Python
2 1,094 (44.65%) Analytics
3 1,082 (44.16%) Machine Learning
4 923 (37.67%) SQL
5 770 (31.43%) AWS
6 766 (31.27%) Agile Software Development
7 691 (28.20%) Artificial Intelligence
8 564 (23.02%) Big Data
9 512 (20.90%) Docker
10 509 (20.78%) Azure
11 465 (18.98%) Software Engineering
12 446 (18.20%) Business Intelligence
13 438 (17.88%) Degree
14 435 (17.76%) DevOps
15 422 (17.22%) Java
16 420 (17.14%) R
17 410 (16.73%) Data Engineering
18 394 (16.08%) Finance
19 389 (15.88%) ETL
20 385 (15.71%) Visualisation
21 379 (15.47%) GCP
22 370 (15.10%) Analytical Skills
23 366 (14.94%) Computer Science
24 363 (14.82%) Kubernetes
25 337 (13.76%) Mathematics
26 330 (13.47%) Apache Spark
27 328 (13.39%) Data Analytics
28 327 (13.35%) Algorithms
29 302 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
30 289 (11.80%) Linux

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 330 (13.47%) Apache Spark
2 132 (5.39%) Confluence
3 130 (5.31%) SAS
4 113 (4.61%) Apache Airflow
5 92 (3.76%) Elasticsearch
6 67 (2.73%) Apache
7 30 (1.22%) Jupyter
8 14 (0.57%) Luigi
9 10 (0.41%) Apache Pig
9 10 (0.41%) ArcGIS
10 7 (0.29%) nginx
10 7 (0.29%) Tornado
11 6 (0.24%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.24%) SharePoint
12 5 (0.20%) Tomcat
13 4 (0.16%) Liferay
14 3 (0.12%) Gunicorn
15 2 (0.082%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 2 (0.082%) WordPress
16 1 (0.041%) DNN
Applications
1 76 (3.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.94%) SPSS
3 20 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.29%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.24%) Gephi
7 5 (0.20%) Figma
7 5 (0.20%) Stata
8 4 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.12%) GIMP
9 3 (0.12%) Inkscape
9 3 (0.12%) Sketch
9 3 (0.12%) Zeplin
10 2 (0.082%) InVision
10 2 (0.082%) SPSS Modeler
11 1 (0.041%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.041%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 9 (0.37%) HFM
1 9 (0.37%) Hyperion Planning
2 6 (0.24%) Magento
3 4 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.12%) Oracle Clinical
4 3 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.082%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 2 (0.082%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.082%) Shopify
6 1 (0.041%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.041%) Misys Midas
6 1 (0.041%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.041%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 770 (31.43%) AWS
2 509 (20.78%) Azure
3 379 (15.47%) GCP
4 232 (9.47%) Power Platform
5 118 (4.82%) Serverless
6 109 (4.45%) SaaS
7 71 (2.90%) Amazon EMR
8 63 (2.57%) AWS Lambda
8 63 (2.57%) IBM Cloud
9 59 (2.41%) GitHub
10 56 (2.29%) PaaS
11 54 (2.20%) Amazon S3
12 48 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
12 48 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
13 40 (1.63%) Amazon EKS
14 38 (1.55%) Amazon SageMaker
15 31 (1.27%) Amazon ECS
16 29 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
17 28 (1.14%) Cloud Functions
18 27 (1.10%) Matillion
Communications & Networking
1 118 (4.82%) Firewall
2 72 (2.94%) Internet
3 68 (2.78%) IPv4
4 66 (2.69%) VPN
5 60 (2.45%) OSPF
6 55 (2.24%) VLAN
7 26 (1.06%) DNS
8 24 (0.98%) HTTP
9 15 (0.61%) SSL
10 11 (0.45%) Network Security
11 10 (0.41%) SSH
11 10 (0.41%) TCP/IP
12 8 (0.33%) Intrusion Detection
13 7 (0.29%) LAN
14 6 (0.24%) Broadband
14 6 (0.24%) Ethernet
14 6 (0.24%) MPLS
15 5 (0.20%) BGP
15 5 (0.20%) BIG-IP
15 5 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 564 (23.02%) Big Data
2 285 (11.63%) Data Warehouse
3 267 (10.90%) Tableau
4 229 (9.35%) Hadoop
5 225 (9.18%) Power BI
6 189 (7.71%) NoSQL
7 185 (7.55%) Data Mining
8 177 (7.22%) SQL Server
9 176 (7.18%) PostgreSQL
10 138 (5.63%) Amazon Redshift
11 134 (5.47%) Data Lake
12 98 (4.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 96 (3.92%) BigQuery
14 85 (3.47%) Relational Database
15 83 (3.39%) MongoDB
16 82 (3.35%) Neo4j
17 81 (3.31%) Snowflake Schema
18 80 (3.27%) Looker
19 73 (2.98%) Redis
20 71 (2.90%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 232 (9.47%) Git (software)
2 199 (8.12%) JIRA
3 193 (7.88%) Jenkins
4 59 (2.41%) Subversion
5 58 (2.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 51 (2.08%) Vagrant
7 35 (1.43%) GitLab
8 17 (0.69%) Bitbucket
9 16 (0.65%) Cypress.io
9 16 (0.65%) Oracle APEX
10 15 (0.61%) Maven
11 13 (0.53%) Selenium
12 10 (0.41%) Appium
12 10 (0.41%) Cucumber
13 9 (0.37%) MLflow
14 7 (0.29%) git-flow
14 7 (0.29%) Protractor
15 6 (0.24%) Bitbucket Server
15 6 (0.24%) Hudson
15 6 (0.24%) webpack
General
1 394 (16.08%) Finance
2 198 (8.08%) Marketing
3 111 (4.53%) Banking
4 85 (3.47%) Legal
5 73 (2.98%) Retail
6 58 (2.37%) Law
7 57 (2.33%) Telecoms
8 54 (2.20%) Games
9 52 (2.12%) Pharmaceutical
10 49 (2.00%) Public Sector
11 39 (1.59%) Manufacturing
12 28 (1.14%) Advertising
13 26 (1.06%) Front Office
14 19 (0.78%) Electronics
14 19 (0.78%) Financial Institution
15 17 (0.69%) Back Office
16 15 (0.61%) Publishing
17 14 (0.57%) Humanities
18 11 (0.45%) French Language
19 9 (0.37%) Brand Awareness
Job Titles
1 519 (21.18%) Data Scientist
2 422 (17.22%) Data Engineer
3 270 (11.02%) Developer
4 153 (6.24%) Architect
5 143 (5.84%) Software Engineer
6 140 (5.71%) Analyst
7 135 (5.51%) Senior Data Scientist
8 106 (4.33%) Data Architect
9 91 (3.71%) Consultant
10 90 (3.67%) Python Engineer
11 82 (3.35%) DevOps Engineer
12 81 (3.31%) Data Analyst
13 80 (3.27%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 69 (2.82%) AWS Engineer
15 66 (2.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 65 (2.65%) Senior Software Engineer
17 63 (2.57%) Senior Developer
18 59 (2.41%) Senior Data Engineer
19 56 (2.29%) Junior
20 52 (2.12%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 229 (9.35%) Kafka
2 169 (6.90%) Natural Language Processing
3 157 (6.41%) React
4 134 (5.47%) Node.js
5 117 (4.78%) Web Services
6 102 (4.16%) TensorFlow
7 91 (3.71%) scikit-learn
8 86 (3.51%) NumPy
9 84 (3.43%) REST
10 75 (3.06%) Pandas
11 74 (3.02%) .NET
12 70 (2.86%) AngularJS
13 69 (2.82%) CSS
14 58 (2.37%) Apache NiFi
15 54 (2.20%) Django
16 53 (2.16%) PyTorch
17 51 (2.08%) Spark Streaming
18 48 (1.96%) PySpark
18 48 (1.96%) SciPy
19 47 (1.92%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 370 (15.10%) Analytical Skills
2 327 (13.35%) Algorithms
3 146 (5.96%) Data Structures
4 104 (4.24%) Public Cloud
5 101 (4.12%) User Experience
6 82 (3.35%) Life Science
7 69 (2.82%) Cyberattack
8 59 (2.41%) Data Centre
9 57 (2.33%) Cloud Native
10 52 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
11 50 (2.04%) Linux Command Line
12 37 (1.51%) Management Information System
13 34 (1.39%) Mobile App
14 29 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
15 28 (1.14%) Hedge funds
16 26 (1.06%) Tandem
17 24 (0.98%) Analytical Mindset
17 24 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
18 21 (0.86%) FMCG
19 18 (0.73%) Biotechnology
Operating Systems
1 289 (11.80%) Linux
2 83 (3.39%) CentOS
3 60 (2.45%) Windows
4 53 (2.16%) Ubuntu
5 48 (1.96%) Windows Server
6 45 (1.84%) Windows Server 2016
7 37 (1.51%) Unix
8 35 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.29%) Android
10 5 (0.20%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.082%) Alpine Linux
12 2 (0.082%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,094 (44.65%) Analytics
2 1,082 (44.16%) Machine Learning
3 766 (31.27%) Agile Software Development
4 691 (28.20%) Artificial Intelligence
5 465 (18.98%) Software Engineering
6 446 (18.20%) Business Intelligence
7 435 (17.76%) DevOps
8 410 (16.73%) Data Engineering
9 389 (15.88%) ETL
10 385 (15.71%) Visualisation
11 366 (14.94%) Computer Science
12 337 (13.76%) Mathematics
13 328 (13.39%) Data Analytics
14 302 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
15 280 (11.43%) Statistics
16 266 (10.86%) Data Modelling
17 254 (10.37%) Scrum
18 228 (9.31%) Data Visualisation
18 228 (9.31%) Mentoring
19 213 (8.69%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,556 (63.51%) Python
2 923 (37.67%) SQL
3 422 (17.22%) Java
4 420 (17.14%) R
5 238 (9.71%) JavaScript
6 176 (7.18%) Go
7 165 (6.73%) C
8 164 (6.69%) Bash Shell
9 159 (6.49%) C++
10 155 (6.33%) Scala
11 117 (4.78%) TypeScript
12 106 (4.33%) C#
13 81 (3.31%) PowerShell
14 41 (1.67%) T-SQL
15 26 (1.06%) MATLAB
16 21 (0.86%) Perl
17 20 (0.82%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 18 (0.73%) SAS Macro
19 17 (0.69%) Cython
20 16 (0.65%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 438 (17.88%) Degree
2 194 (7.92%) PhD
3 117 (4.78%) Computer Science Degree
4 101 (4.12%) Security Cleared
5 74 (3.02%) Master's Degree
6 49 (2.00%) SC Cleared
7 44 (1.80%) DV Cleared
8 40 (1.63%) Numerate Degree
9 29 (1.18%) GIAC
10 26 (1.06%) AWS Certification
11 23 (0.94%) RHCE
12 12 (0.49%) MCSE
12 12 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
13 9 (0.37%) ACCA
13 9 (0.37%) CIMA
13 9 (0.37%) CISSP
13 9 (0.37%) MPhil
14 8 (0.33%) CCNA
14 8 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
15 7 (0.29%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (4.49%) Data Quality
2 65 (2.65%) QA
3 57 (2.33%) GDPR
4 19 (0.78%) CDISC
5 14 (0.57%) Good Clinical Practice
6 13 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.45%) Actionable Recommendations
8 7 (0.29%) SLA
9 6 (0.24%) NIST
10 5 (0.20%) NCSC
10 5 (0.20%) NIST 800
11 3 (0.12%) GRC
11 3 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.12%) PMO
11 3 (0.12%) WCAG
12 2 (0.082%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.082%) EMIR
12 2 (0.082%) MiFID
13 1 (0.041%) HL7
13 1 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 512 (20.90%) Docker
2 73 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (2.41%) VMware ESXi
4 44 (1.80%) VirtualBox
5 13 (0.53%) Active Directory
6 6 (0.24%) Apache Flume
7 5 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.16%) HDFS
9 2 (0.082%) Firmware
10 1 (0.041%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 363 (14.82%) Kubernetes
2 237 (9.67%) Ansible
3 228 (9.31%) Terraform
4 120 (4.90%) Puppet
5 50 (2.04%) Docker Swarm
6 45 (1.84%) Grafana
7 40 (1.63%) Prometheus
8 24 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (0.37%) Nagios
9 9 (0.37%) Oozie
10 8 (0.33%) Kibana
11 7 (0.29%) Kubeflow
11 7 (0.29%) Packer
12 6 (0.24%) Consul
12 6 (0.24%) Graphite
12 6 (0.24%) Opsview
12 6 (0.24%) Salt
12 6 (0.24%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.20%) systemd
14 4 (0.16%) Mesos
Vendors
1 272 (11.10%) Google
2 229 (9.35%) Microsoft
3 169 (6.90%) Oracle
4 85 (3.47%) Databricks
5 80 (3.27%) VMware
6 78 (3.18%) Cloudera
7 71 (2.90%) IBM
8 68 (2.78%) Talend
9 62 (2.53%) Informatica
10 61 (2.49%) Red Hat
11 48 (1.96%) Alteryx
11 48 (1.96%) Hortonworks
12 47 (1.92%) SAP
13 36 (1.47%) PagerDuty
14 25 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
15 20 (0.82%) Cognos
15 20 (0.82%) Yahoo!
16 17 (0.69%) Hyperion
17 15 (0.61%) Splunk
18 14 (0.57%) Twitter