Period
to 18 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 18 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 163 235 330
Rank change year-on-year +72 +95 +182
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,578 2,574 1,995
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.08% 1.50% 1.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.29% 1.65% 1.11%
Number of salaries quoted 2,794 2,110 1,658
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -4.76%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,033 155,853 179,593
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.78% 90.62% 89.96%
Number of salaries quoted 125,429 126,903 149,323
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +2.15%
10th Percentile £29,250 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 18 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +72 3,411 £63,000 +0.80% 375
London +52 2,211 £70,000 +3.70% 221
UK excluding London +79 1,302 £52,500 +5.00% 175
South East +66 430 £54,000 +11.34% 39
North of England +22 262 £50,000 -9.09% 55
East of England +71 240 £52,500 +11.70% 30
North West +15 171 £50,000 -8.26% 30
South West +64 149 £55,000 +22.22% 18
Scotland +8 112 £60,000 - 17
Midlands +12 88 £47,500 +11.76% 10
Yorkshire +40 84 £55,000 - 24
West Midlands +29 59 £47,500 -5.00% 7
East Midlands -9 27 £43,750 +2.94% 3
Wales +15 23 £52,500 +16.67% 4
North East -22 7 £44,000 -20.00% 1
Northern Ireland +7 5 £45,000 +28.57% 2

For the 6 months to 18 June 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,062 (57.63%) Python
2 1,880 (52.54%) Machine Learning
3 1,571 (43.91%) Analytics
4 1,361 (38.04%) SQL
5 1,286 (35.94%) Big Data
6 1,022 (28.56%) R
7 862 (24.09%) Java
8 851 (23.78%) Apache Spark
9 842 (23.53%) Degree
10 814 (22.75%) Mathematics
11 803 (22.44%) Agile Software Development
12 787 (22.00%) Computer Science
13 783 (21.88%) Algorithms
14 763 (21.32%) Hadoop
15 696 (19.45%) Artificial Intelligence
16 669 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
17 614 (17.16%) PhD
18 594 (16.60%) Finance
19 584 (16.32%) Software Engineering
20 582 (16.27%) Business Intelligence
21 567 (15.85%) Statistics
22 562 (15.71%) Scala
23 560 (15.65%) Analytical Skills
24 542 (15.15%) Data Analytics
25 516 (14.42%) Microsoft Azure
26 515 (14.39%) Visualisation
27 494 (13.81%) Problem-Solving
28 479 (13.39%) NoSQL
29 454 (12.69%) JavaScript
30 448 (12.52%) Natural Language Processing

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 851 (23.78%) Apache Spark
2 225 (6.29%) SAS
3 118 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
4 96 (2.68%) Apache
5 68 (1.90%) CMS
6 63 (1.76%) Apache Pig
7 62 (1.73%) EPiServer
8 37 (1.03%) Sitecore CMS
9 28 (0.78%) JBoss
10 26 (0.73%) Confluence
11 22 (0.61%) Apache Solr
12 21 (0.59%) Jupyter
13 20 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
14 12 (0.34%) NServiceBus
15 11 (0.31%) SharePoint
16 10 (0.28%) Drupal
17 9 (0.25%) Luigi
18 7 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
18 7 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 7 (0.20%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 75 (2.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (1.43%) SPSS
3 38 (1.06%) Chatbot
4 21 (0.59%) GNU Octave
5 18 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
6 15 (0.42%) Weka
7 13 (0.36%) Photoshop
7 13 (0.36%) Stata
8 8 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
8 8 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 7 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe After Effects
10 6 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.17%) InVision
10 6 (0.17%) Mathematica
10 6 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
10 6 (0.17%) Pixate
11 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.084%) MS Visio
13 2 (0.056%) EViews
Business Applications
1 37 (1.03%) Eloqua
2 19 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
4 6 (0.17%) SAP BPC
5 5 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 4 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.11%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
6 4 (0.11%) SAP Retail
7 3 (0.084%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.084%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.084%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.084%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.056%) Eikon
8 2 (0.056%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.028%) Actimize
9 1 (0.028%) Magento
9 1 (0.028%) Oracle AML
Cloud Services
1 669 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
2 516 (14.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 132 (3.69%) Azure Data Factory
4 114 (3.19%) Serverless
5 102 (2.85%) Google Cloud Platform
6 89 (2.49%) IaaS
7 84 (2.35%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
8 80 (2.24%) SaaS
9 70 (1.96%) Amazon S3
10 69 (1.93%) GitHub
11 67 (1.87%) npm
12 48 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
13 47 (1.31%) Amazon Kinesis
14 46 (1.29%) Adobe Analytics
15 41 (1.15%) Azure Machine Learning
16 34 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
16 34 (0.95%) AWS Lambda
17 30 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
18 23 (0.64%) Google Analytics
19 20 (0.56%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (1.26%) Internet
2 24 (0.67%) HTTP
3 19 (0.53%) SMS
4 13 (0.36%) DAB
5 11 (0.31%) Network Security
6 10 (0.28%) Broadband
7 8 (0.22%) Firewall
7 8 (0.22%) SMTP
8 6 (0.17%) LAN
8 6 (0.17%) VPN
9 5 (0.14%) FTP
9 5 (0.14%) MQTT
9 5 (0.14%) Skype
10 2 (0.056%) DNS
10 2 (0.056%) DSL
10 2 (0.056%) Hyperconnected
10 2 (0.056%) VoIP
10 2 (0.056%) WAN
10 2 (0.056%) WebEx
10 2 (0.056%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,286 (35.94%) Big Data
2 763 (21.32%) Hadoop
3 479 (13.39%) NoSQL
4 331 (9.25%) SQL Server
5 319 (8.92%) MongoDB
6 306 (8.55%) Data Warehouse
7 298 (8.33%) Power BI
8 291 (8.13%) Apache Hive
9 243 (6.79%) Data Mining
9 243 (6.79%) Relational Database
10 228 (6.37%) Data Lake
11 195 (5.45%) PostgreSQL
12 178 (4.97%) Apache Cassandra
13 155 (4.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 134 (3.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 118 (3.30%) HBase
16 116 (3.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 114 (3.19%) MySQL
17 114 (3.19%) QlikView
18 108 (3.02%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 274 (7.66%) Git (software)
2 160 (4.47%) Visual Studio
3 135 (3.77%) Jenkins
4 119 (3.33%) Selenium
4 119 (3.33%) TeamCity
5 82 (2.29%) Octopus Deploy
6 77 (2.15%) Team Foundation Server
7 75 (2.10%) JIRA
8 72 (2.01%) Protractor
9 67 (1.87%) gulp
10 62 (1.73%) Bower
10 62 (1.73%) Karma Test Runner
10 62 (1.73%) Mocha
10 62 (1.73%) Sinon.JS
11 43 (1.20%) RStudio
12 37 (1.03%) Subversion
13 33 (0.92%) JUnit
14 31 (0.87%) webpack
15 20 (0.56%) Maven
16 17 (0.48%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 594 (16.60%) Finance
2 392 (10.96%) Marketing
3 222 (6.20%) Retail
4 179 (5.00%) Banking
5 125 (3.49%) Advertising
6 79 (2.21%) Telecoms
7 77 (2.15%) Games
8 46 (1.29%) Financial Institution
9 43 (1.20%) Publishing
10 40 (1.12%) Electronics
10 40 (1.12%) Law
11 36 (1.01%) Manufacturing
12 34 (0.95%) Investment Banking
13 31 (0.87%) Legal
13 31 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
14 30 (0.84%) Front Office
15 26 (0.73%) Automotive
16 12 (0.34%) Digital Economy
17 5 (0.14%) Aerospace
17 5 (0.14%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,110 (31.02%) Data Scientist
2 630 (17.61%) Developer
3 353 (9.87%) Data Engineer
4 275 (7.69%) Senior Data Scientist
5 207 (5.79%) Architect
6 195 (5.45%) Consultant
7 194 (5.42%) Analyst
8 126 (3.52%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 121 (3.38%) Software Engineer
10 118 (3.30%) Big Data Engineer
11 115 (3.21%) Senior Developer
12 104 (2.91%) Data Analyst
13 103 (2.88%) .NET Developer
14 95 (2.66%) C# Developer
15 93 (2.60%) Data Architect
16 89 (2.49%) Machine Learning Engineer
17 87 (2.43%) Python Engineer
18 86 (2.40%) Business Intelligence Consultant
19 84 (2.35%) Graduate
20 82 (2.29%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 448 (12.52%) Natural Language Processing
2 287 (8.02%) .NET
3 271 (7.57%) Kafka
4 246 (6.88%) HTML
5 239 (6.68%) TensorFlow
6 229 (6.40%) NumPy
7 219 (6.12%) Pandas
8 217 (6.06%) AngularJS
9 207 (5.79%) CSS
10 181 (5.06%) scikit-learn
11 171 (4.78%) Web Services
12 157 (4.39%) RESTful
13 148 (4.14%) Node.js
13 148 (4.14%) SciPy
14 147 (4.11%) React
15 141 (3.94%) HTML5
16 108 (3.02%) ASP.NET
17 107 (2.99%) jQuery
18 101 (2.82%) CSS3
19 88 (2.46%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 787 (22.00%) Computer Science
2 783 (21.88%) Algorithms
3 560 (15.65%) Analytical Skills
4 231 (6.46%) Fintech
5 204 (5.70%) User Experience
6 132 (3.69%) Data Structures
7 99 (2.77%) Greenfield Project
8 60 (1.68%) Mobile App
9 57 (1.59%) Management Information System
10 55 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
11 50 (1.40%) Life Science
12 48 (1.34%) Cloud Native
13 42 (1.17%) Social Media
14 34 (0.95%) Hedge funds
15 33 (0.92%) NHS
16 32 (0.89%) Credit Risk
17 28 (0.78%) Virtual Team
18 27 (0.75%) Cyberthreat
19 20 (0.56%) Semantic Web
19 20 (0.56%) Xbox
Operating Systems
1 286 (7.99%) Linux
2 72 (2.01%) Unix
3 67 (1.87%) Windows
4 66 (1.84%) Android
5 44 (1.23%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.17%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.084%) CentOS
9 3 (0.084%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.056%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.028%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.028%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,880 (52.54%) Machine Learning
2 1,571 (43.91%) Analytics
3 814 (22.75%) Mathematics
4 803 (22.44%) Agile Software Development
5 696 (19.45%) Artificial Intelligence
6 584 (16.32%) Software Engineering
7 582 (16.27%) Business Intelligence
8 567 (15.85%) Statistics
9 542 (15.15%) Data Analytics
10 515 (14.39%) Visualisation
11 494 (13.81%) Problem-Solving
12 419 (11.71%) Data Analysis
13 388 (10.84%) Deep Learning
14 350 (9.78%) ETL
15 339 (9.47%) DevOps
16 320 (8.94%) Data Visualisation
17 290 (8.11%) Physics
18 275 (7.69%) Predictive Modelling
19 269 (7.52%) Microservices
20 260 (7.27%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 2,062 (57.63%) Python
2 1,361 (38.04%) SQL
3 1,022 (28.56%) R
4 862 (24.09%) Java
5 562 (15.71%) Scala
6 454 (12.69%) JavaScript
7 428 (11.96%) C++
8 414 (11.57%) C#
9 344 (9.61%) MATLAB
10 184 (5.14%) C
11 90 (2.52%) T-SQL
12 79 (2.21%) U-SQL
13 70 (1.96%) Ruby
14 58 (1.62%) Shell Script
15 53 (1.48%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 53 (1.48%) HiveQL
16 48 (1.34%) Go
17 45 (1.26%) PL/SQL
18 35 (0.98%) Bash Shell
19 26 (0.73%) VBA
Qualifications
1 842 (23.53%) Degree
2 614 (17.16%) PhD
3 141 (3.94%) Computer Science Degree
4 105 (2.93%) Numerate Degree
5 77 (2.15%) Master's Degree
6 71 (1.98%) SAFe Agilist
7 49 (1.37%) Security Cleared
8 19 (0.53%) SC Cleared
9 16 (0.45%) DV Cleared
9 16 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.42%) Postgraduate
11 13 (0.36%) PMI Certification
12 12 (0.34%) CISSP
13 10 (0.28%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.22%) CEH
16 7 (0.20%) CompTIA Security+
16 7 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.20%) PMP
17 4 (0.11%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (2.82%) QA
2 85 (2.38%) Data Quality
3 44 (1.23%) GDPR
4 35 (0.98%) GCP
5 13 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
5 13 (0.36%) Solvency II
6 12 (0.34%) FATCA
6 12 (0.34%) IFRS
6 12 (0.34%) IFRS 9
7 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.11%) MiFID
8 4 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.084%) Actionable Recommendations
9 3 (0.084%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.056%) HL7
10 2 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.056%) PMO
10 2 (0.056%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.028%) EMIR
System Software
1 263 (7.35%) Docker
2 146 (4.08%) HDFS
3 89 (2.49%) Virtual Machines
4 69 (1.93%) Apache Flume
5 11 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.22%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.14%) KVM
7 5 (0.14%) Xen
8 4 (0.11%) Active Directory
9 3 (0.084%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.056%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.056%) LXC
11 1 (0.028%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 112 (3.13%) Kubernetes
2 68 (1.90%) Ansible
3 48 (1.34%) Hadoop YARN
4 41 (1.15%) Puppet
5 40 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (1.01%) Terraform
7 34 (0.95%) Oozie
8 32 (0.89%) Mesos
9 21 (0.59%) Prometheus
10 20 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (0.34%) Grafana
12 11 (0.31%) Kibana
13 5 (0.14%) logstash
13 5 (0.14%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 5 (0.14%) Rancher
13 5 (0.14%) Red Hat Spacewalk
14 3 (0.084%) Data Guard
14 3 (0.084%) EMC NetWorker
14 3 (0.084%) Oracle RMAN
14 3 (0.084%) Salt
Vendors
1 367 (10.26%) Tableau
2 357 (9.98%) Microsoft
3 183 (5.11%) Google
4 100 (2.79%) Cloudera
5 91 (2.54%) Oracle
6 67 (1.87%) Hortonworks
7 58 (1.62%) Adobe
8 54 (1.51%) IBM
9 51 (1.43%) SAP
10 38 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
11 37 (1.03%) Marketo
11 37 (1.03%) Sitecore
11 37 (1.03%) Talend
12 36 (1.01%) Informatica
13 30 (0.84%) Alteryx
14 28 (0.78%) MapR
15 27 (0.75%) Teradata
16 23 (0.64%) Alias
16 23 (0.64%) Red Hat
17 21 (0.59%) CA