Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 123 140 166
Rank change year-on-year +17 +26 +72
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 2,054 3,824 3,722
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.60% 2.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.82% 2.82% 2.26%
Number of salaries quoted 1,681 3,105 3,028
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,350 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,899 135,806 164,635
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.22% 92.18% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 58,134 106,902 132,356
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 1,954 £67,500 +3.85% 178
London -14 1,211 £75,000 +7.14% 110
UK excluding London +29 824 £55,000 +4.76% 75
South East +22 211 £57,500 +7.48% 11
Work from Home +53 181 £70,000 +21.74% 22
South West +35 174 £55,000 +10.00% 6
North of England +51 173 £52,500 +5.00% 23
Midlands +100 102 £55,000 +22.22% 8
North West +15 100 £52,500 +9.38% 9
East of England +36 91 £55,000 -8.33% 19
West Midlands +114 76 £55,000 +10.00% 6
Scotland +20 54 £50,000 -4.76% 5
East Midlands +53 38 £37,000 -7.50% 2
North East +57 37 £40,000 -15.79% 12
Yorkshire +81 36 £55,000 +4.76% 2
Wales +38 32 £50,000 -20.32% 3
Northern Ireland +17 1 - -

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,247 (60.71%) Python
2 906 (44.11%) Machine Learning
3 856 (41.67%) Analytics
4 753 (36.66%) SQL
5 663 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
6 555 (27.02%) Big Data
7 517 (25.17%) AWS
8 505 (24.59%) Artificial Intelligence
9 422 (20.55%) Degree
10 417 (20.30%) R
11 390 (18.99%) Apache Spark
12 388 (18.89%) Azure
12 388 (18.89%) Java
13 365 (17.77%) Finance
14 361 (17.58%) Business Intelligence
15 342 (16.65%) Visualisation
16 334 (16.26%) Software Engineering
17 329 (16.02%) Analytical Skills
18 327 (15.92%) Algorithms
19 318 (15.48%) Hadoop
20 314 (15.29%) Computer Science
21 313 (15.24%) Mathematics
22 304 (14.80%) DevOps
23 273 (13.29%) JavaScript
24 271 (13.19%) ETL
25 267 (13.00%) Data Analytics
26 259 (12.61%) Docker
27 256 (12.46%) Scala
27 256 (12.46%) Statistics
28 248 (12.07%) Data Analysis

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 390 (18.99%) Apache Spark
2 83 (4.04%) SAS
3 78 (3.80%) Apache
4 76 (3.70%) Apache Airflow
5 68 (3.31%) Jupyter
6 57 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
7 35 (1.70%) Luigi
8 34 (1.66%) Confluence
9 18 (0.88%) SharePoint
9 18 (0.88%) Tomcat
10 15 (0.73%) OpenStack
11 12 (0.58%) IBM Domino
12 11 (0.54%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.54%) ArcGIS
13 8 (0.39%) Tornado
14 7 (0.34%) Apache Pig
14 7 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 4 (0.19%) Cloud Foundry
17 3 (0.15%) nginx
Applications
1 43 (2.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (1.36%) SPSS
3 14 (0.68%) Chatbot
4 12 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.34%) S-PLUS
6 5 (0.24%) Figma
7 4 (0.19%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.15%) Gephi
8 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
8 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.097%) InVision
9 2 (0.097%) Maya
9 2 (0.097%) MODO
9 2 (0.097%) Mudbox
9 2 (0.097%) Sketch
9 2 (0.097%) Weka
9 2 (0.097%) ZBrush
10 1 (0.049%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.049%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 8 (0.39%) Adobe Campaign
2 5 (0.24%) SAP CRM
2 5 (0.24%) SAP ERP
2 5 (0.24%) SAP IS-U
3 2 (0.097%) Elite 3E
3 2 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.097%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.097%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.097%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.049%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.049%) SessionCam
Cloud Services
1 517 (25.17%) AWS
2 388 (18.89%) Azure
3 241 (11.73%) GCP
4 214 (10.42%) Power Platform
5 79 (3.85%) Serverless
6 78 (3.80%) Cloud Computing
7 68 (3.31%) Amazon EMR
8 66 (3.21%) SaaS
9 65 (3.16%) PaaS
10 62 (3.02%) Amazon S3
11 56 (2.73%) Slack
12 50 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
13 44 (2.14%) Dropbox
14 40 (1.95%) AWS Lambda
15 39 (1.90%) Amazon Kinesis
16 30 (1.46%) Office 365
17 26 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
18 25 (1.22%) GitHub
19 23 (1.12%) IaaS
20 22 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.90%) Internet
2 13 (0.63%) HTTP
3 11 (0.54%) Broadband
4 10 (0.49%) Firewall
4 10 (0.49%) Network Security
5 6 (0.29%) MQTT
5 6 (0.29%) Skype
5 6 (0.29%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.19%) SSL
7 3 (0.15%) DNS
7 3 (0.15%) Intrusion Detection
7 3 (0.15%) VPN
7 3 (0.15%) WAN
8 2 (0.097%) 5G
8 2 (0.097%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.097%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.097%) MPLS
8 2 (0.097%) SAN
9 1 (0.049%) FTP
9 1 (0.049%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 555 (27.02%) Big Data
2 318 (15.48%) Hadoop
3 233 (11.34%) Data Warehouse
4 225 (10.95%) NoSQL
5 211 (10.27%) SQL Server
6 209 (10.18%) Power BI
7 158 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
8 145 (7.06%) Relational Database
9 123 (5.99%) Amazon Redshift
10 105 (5.11%) Data Lake
11 96 (4.67%) Data Mining
12 93 (4.53%) MongoDB
13 90 (4.38%) Apache Hive
14 87 (4.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 82 (3.99%) BigQuery
16 66 (3.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 62 (3.02%) MySQL
18 57 (2.78%) Snowflake Schema
19 55 (2.68%) Looker
19 55 (2.68%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 130 (6.33%) Git (software)
2 81 (3.94%) Jenkins
3 70 (3.41%) JIRA
4 33 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 26 (1.27%) Selenium
6 25 (1.22%) Bitbucket
6 25 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
7 24 (1.17%) Visual Studio Team System
8 23 (1.12%) Vagrant
9 21 (1.02%) Cucumber
10 19 (0.93%) webpack
11 18 (0.88%) gulp
12 17 (0.83%) Protractor
12 17 (0.83%) Visual Studio
13 16 (0.78%) GitLab
13 16 (0.78%) Jasmine
13 16 (0.78%) Maven
14 14 (0.68%) Grunt
15 13 (0.63%) SpecFlow
16 11 (0.54%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 365 (17.77%) Finance
2 187 (9.10%) Marketing
3 118 (5.74%) Retail
4 91 (4.43%) Banking
5 68 (3.31%) Legal
6 62 (3.02%) Pharmaceutical
7 56 (2.73%) Games
8 53 (2.58%) Front Office
9 44 (2.14%) Telecoms
10 40 (1.95%) Public Sector
11 33 (1.61%) Advertising
12 30 (1.46%) Back Office
13 29 (1.41%) Law
14 28 (1.36%) Manufacturing
15 23 (1.12%) Police
16 20 (0.97%) Automotive
17 17 (0.83%) Investment Banking
18 14 (0.68%) Aerospace
19 13 (0.63%) Publishing
20 12 (0.58%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 445 (21.67%) Data Scientist
2 350 (17.04%) Developer
3 347 (16.89%) Data Engineer
4 150 (7.30%) Senior Data Scientist
5 133 (6.48%) Analyst
6 117 (5.70%) Architect
7 101 (4.92%) Python Engineer
8 86 (4.19%) Software Engineer
9 80 (3.89%) Senior Developer
10 74 (3.60%) Data Analyst
11 68 (3.31%) Consultant
12 67 (3.26%) Senior Data Engineer
13 60 (2.92%) Data Architect
14 53 (2.58%) Software Developer
15 52 (2.53%) Big Data Engineer
15 52 (2.53%) Data Manager
16 49 (2.39%) Python Developer
17 48 (2.34%) AWS Engineer
18 46 (2.24%) DevOps Engineer
19 44 (2.14%) Data Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (8.52%) Natural Language Processing
2 169 (8.23%) Kafka
3 139 (6.77%) HTML
4 128 (6.23%) React
5 127 (6.18%) Pandas
5 127 (6.18%) TensorFlow
6 124 (6.04%) Web Services
7 122 (5.94%) AngularJS
7 122 (5.94%) CSS
8 114 (5.55%) scikit-learn
9 112 (5.45%) .NET
10 111 (5.40%) NumPy
11 91 (4.43%) REST
12 89 (4.33%) Node.js
13 55 (2.68%) Keras
13 55 (2.68%) SciPy
14 47 (2.29%) PyTorch
15 46 (2.24%) HTML5
16 45 (2.19%) Flask
17 44 (2.14%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 329 (16.02%) Analytical Skills
2 327 (15.92%) Algorithms
3 154 (7.50%) User Experience
4 113 (5.50%) Data Structures
5 60 (2.92%) Management Information System
6 50 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
7 45 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
8 33 (1.61%) Cloud Native
9 32 (1.56%) Hedge funds
10 28 (1.36%) Blog
11 27 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
12 25 (1.22%) Mobile App
13 20 (0.97%) Social Media
14 18 (0.88%) Market Risk
14 18 (0.88%) Public Cloud
15 17 (0.83%) Robotics
16 15 (0.73%) Analytical Mindset
16 15 (0.73%) Credit Risk
16 15 (0.73%) Life Science
16 15 (0.73%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 191 (9.30%) Linux
2 75 (3.65%) Unix
3 44 (2.14%) Windows
4 20 (0.97%) Apple iOS
5 18 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (0.83%) Android
7 5 (0.24%) VMS
8 4 (0.19%) CentOS
8 4 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.097%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.049%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 906 (44.11%) Machine Learning
2 856 (41.67%) Analytics
3 663 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
4 505 (24.59%) Artificial Intelligence
5 361 (17.58%) Business Intelligence
6 342 (16.65%) Visualisation
7 334 (16.26%) Software Engineering
8 314 (15.29%) Computer Science
9 313 (15.24%) Mathematics
10 304 (14.80%) DevOps
11 271 (13.19%) ETL
12 267 (13.00%) Data Analytics
13 256 (12.46%) Statistics
14 248 (12.07%) Data Analysis
15 228 (11.10%) Data Engineering
15 228 (11.10%) Data Modelling
16 205 (9.98%) Data Visualisation
17 198 (9.64%) Problem-Solving
18 164 (7.98%) Mentoring
19 156 (7.59%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,247 (60.71%) Python
2 753 (36.66%) SQL
3 417 (20.30%) R
4 388 (18.89%) Java
5 273 (13.29%) JavaScript
6 256 (12.46%) Scala
7 177 (8.62%) C#
8 166 (8.08%) C++
9 101 (4.92%) C
10 62 (3.02%) MATLAB
11 60 (2.92%) TypeScript
12 55 (2.68%) Go
13 39 (1.90%) T-SQL
14 34 (1.66%) Bash Shell
15 30 (1.46%) Ruby
16 28 (1.36%) Perl
16 28 (1.36%) PowerShell
17 25 (1.22%) PL/SQL
18 17 (0.83%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
19 16 (0.78%) VBA
Qualifications
1 422 (20.55%) Degree
2 200 (9.74%) PhD
3 147 (7.16%) Security Cleared
4 101 (4.92%) DV Cleared
5 90 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 87 (4.24%) SC Cleared
7 35 (1.70%) Master's Degree
7 35 (1.70%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.73%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.63%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.58%) ISEB
10 12 (0.58%) Postgraduate
11 6 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.24%) MBA
12 5 (0.24%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.15%) APMP
13 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.15%) CEH
13 3 (0.15%) CISSP
14 2 (0.097%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (3.31%) QA
2 65 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 35 (1.70%) NIST
4 32 (1.56%) GDPR
5 31 (1.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.83%) Actionable Recommendations
7 14 (0.68%) NCSC
7 14 (0.68%) NIST 800
8 3 (0.15%) GxP
8 3 (0.15%) Solvency II
9 1 (0.049%) COBIT
9 1 (0.049%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.049%) IFRS
9 1 (0.049%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.049%) MiFID
9 1 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.049%) SLA
System Software
1 259 (12.61%) Docker
2 28 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.97%) VirtualBox
4 16 (0.78%) Apache Flume
5 12 (0.58%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.54%) HDFS
7 9 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 9 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.19%) vSphere
9 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.097%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 204 (9.93%) Kubernetes
2 120 (5.84%) Terraform
3 74 (3.60%) Ansible
4 30 (1.46%) Docker Swarm
5 26 (1.27%) Puppet
6 25 (1.22%) Oozie
7 23 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (0.78%) Mesos
9 15 (0.73%) Marathon
10 12 (0.58%) Kibana
11 9 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.29%) Grafana
13 4 (0.19%) Ambari
13 4 (0.19%) Nagios
13 4 (0.19%) Rancher
14 3 (0.15%) Argo
14 3 (0.15%) Kubeflow
14 3 (0.15%) SCCM
15 2 (0.097%) Prometheus
16 1 (0.049%) Bareos
Vendors
1 231 (11.25%) Tableau
2 159 (7.74%) Google
3 141 (6.86%) Microsoft
4 69 (3.36%) Oracle
5 50 (2.43%) Databricks
6 44 (2.14%) CrowdStrike
7 40 (1.95%) Talend
8 38 (1.85%) Informatica
9 36 (1.75%) Cloudera
10 30 (1.46%) SAP
11 23 (1.12%) Splunk
12 20 (0.97%) Adobe
12 20 (0.97%) Alteryx
12 20 (0.97%) Hortonworks
13 16 (0.78%) IBM
14 12 (0.58%) Facebook
14 12 (0.58%) Teradata
15 11 (0.54%) Red Hat
16 9 (0.44%) Cognos
16 9 (0.44%) Salesforce.com