Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 164 239
Rank change year-on-year +27 +75 +88
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,727 3,574 2,571
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.08% 1.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.82% 2.26% 1.63%
Number of salaries quoted 2,876 2,789 2,109
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,132 158,018 157,679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.01% 91.96% 91.71%
Number of salaries quoted 103,594 127,211 128,598
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +33 3,527 £65,000 +3.17% 265
London +21 2,243 £72,500 +3.57% 145
UK excluding London +53 1,418 £50,000 -4.76% 135
South East +17 419 £52,500 -3.67% 31
North of England +36 298 £48,000 -4.00% 27
South West +85 257 £50,000 -9.09% 26
North West +55 223 £48,000 -4.00% 13
East of England +31 181 £60,000 +14.29% 20
Midlands +68 124 £45,000 -5.26% 16
Scotland +5 119 £50,000 -16.67% 11
West Midlands +44 70 £45,000 -5.26% 14
Yorkshire -16 64 £50,000 -9.09% 9
East Midlands +53 54 £40,000 -8.57% 2
North East +22 11 £50,000 +13.64% 5
Wales +13 11 £76,250 +45.24% 2
Northern Ireland -21 9 £32,000 -28.89% 2
Channel Islands - 1 £95,000 -

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,229 (59.81%) Python
2 1,768 (47.44%) Machine Learning
3 1,577 (42.31%) Analytics
4 1,206 (32.36%) SQL
5 1,202 (32.25%) Agile Software Development
6 1,068 (28.66%) Big Data
7 940 (25.22%) R
8 855 (22.94%) Artificial Intelligence
9 822 (22.06%) Mathematics
10 813 (21.81%) Java
11 757 (20.31%) Analytical Skills
12 751 (20.15%) Amazon AWS
13 743 (19.94%) Degree
14 738 (19.80%) Hadoop
14 738 (19.80%) Algorithms
15 716 (19.21%) Apache Spark
16 675 (18.11%) Software Engineering
17 657 (17.63%) Finance
18 637 (17.09%) Visualisation
19 622 (16.69%) Data Analysis
20 600 (16.10%) Computer Science
21 541 (14.52%) Business Intelligence
22 528 (14.17%) Microsoft Azure
23 524 (14.06%) Scala
24 447 (11.99%) PhD
25 435 (11.67%) Data Analytics
26 429 (11.51%) Statistics
27 399 (10.71%) DevOps
28 394 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
29 388 (10.41%) Data Warehouse

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 716 (19.21%) Apache Spark
2 185 (4.96%) Elasticsearch
3 164 (4.40%) SAS
4 149 (4.00%) Apache
5 139 (3.73%) Apache Pig
6 53 (1.42%) Jupyter
7 44 (1.18%) Apache Solr
8 26 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
9 19 (0.51%) Confluence
10 13 (0.35%) SharePoint
10 13 (0.35%) Tornado
11 11 (0.30%) Hyperledger
12 9 (0.24%) IPython
13 7 (0.19%) ArcGIS
13 7 (0.19%) Luigi
13 7 (0.19%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.16%) GeoServer
14 6 (0.16%) GlassFish
14 6 (0.16%) nginx
15 5 (0.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 82 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (0.99%) SPSS
3 22 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.40%) GNU Octave
6 14 (0.38%) Chatbot
6 14 (0.38%) Sketch
7 12 (0.32%) InVision
7 12 (0.32%) Stata
8 9 (0.24%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
11 4 (0.11%) Gephi
12 3 (0.080%) CPLEX
12 3 (0.080%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.080%) S-PLUS
12 3 (0.080%) Weka
13 2 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.027%) InDesign
14 1 (0.027%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.43%) Summit
2 15 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
3 8 (0.21%) SAP BPC
4 6 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.11%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 3 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.054%) Actimize
7 2 (0.054%) FastStats
7 2 (0.054%) PolarLake
7 2 (0.054%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.054%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.027%) Cognos TM1
8 1 (0.027%) HFM
8 1 (0.027%) Hyperion Planning
8 1 (0.027%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.027%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.027%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 751 (20.15%) Amazon AWS
2 528 (14.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 359 (9.63%) Google Cloud Platform
4 186 (4.99%) Power Platform
5 142 (3.81%) Serverless
6 111 (2.98%) SaaS
7 99 (2.66%) AWS Lambda
8 96 (2.58%) Amazon S3
9 92 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
10 72 (1.93%) PaaS
11 52 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
12 50 (1.34%) Azure Machine Learning
13 48 (1.29%) Amazon EMR
14 45 (1.21%) Azure Data Factory
15 39 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
16 35 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
17 34 (0.91%) Amazon ECS
17 34 (0.91%) GitHub
18 31 (0.83%) AWS Fargate
19 30 (0.80%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (1.34%) Broadband
2 38 (1.02%) Internet
3 22 (0.59%) HTTP
4 21 (0.56%) Firewall
5 19 (0.51%) DNS
6 13 (0.35%) Wireless
7 10 (0.27%) VPN
8 9 (0.24%) VLAN
9 7 (0.19%) SSL
10 5 (0.13%) Ethernet
10 5 (0.13%) Network Security
11 4 (0.11%) MPLS
12 3 (0.080%) IPsec
12 3 (0.080%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.080%) WAN
13 2 (0.054%) Bluetooth
13 2 (0.054%) FTP
13 2 (0.054%) NFC
13 2 (0.054%) Reverse Proxy
14 1 (0.027%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,068 (28.66%) Big Data
2 738 (19.80%) Hadoop
3 388 (10.41%) Data Warehouse
4 319 (8.56%) NoSQL
5 266 (7.14%) Apache Hive
6 223 (5.98%) Apache Cassandra
7 216 (5.80%) SQL Server
8 204 (5.47%) Data Mining
9 183 (4.91%) Power BI
10 164 (4.40%) Data Lake
11 162 (4.35%) PostgreSQL
12 155 (4.16%) Amazon Redshift
13 152 (4.08%) MongoDB
14 151 (4.05%) Impala
15 143 (3.84%) HBase
16 123 (3.30%) Relational Database
17 121 (3.25%) MySQL
18 101 (2.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 85 (2.28%) QlikView
20 72 (1.93%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 246 (6.60%) Git (software)
2 153 (4.11%) Jenkins
3 92 (2.47%) JIRA
4 65 (1.74%) Maven
5 35 (0.94%) Visual Studio
6 33 (0.89%) Gradle
7 32 (0.86%) GitLab
7 32 (0.86%) Subversion
8 31 (0.83%) Bitbucket
9 30 (0.80%) Artifactory
10 29 (0.78%) Selenium
11 24 (0.64%) Ant
12 23 (0.62%) Team Foundation Server
13 18 (0.48%) Mercurial
13 18 (0.48%) Travis CI
14 12 (0.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 12 (0.32%) Visual Studio Team System
15 11 (0.30%) PostCSS
15 11 (0.30%) webpack
16 10 (0.27%) RStudio
General
1 657 (17.63%) Finance
2 328 (8.80%) Banking
3 316 (8.48%) Marketing
4 275 (7.38%) Retail
5 137 (3.68%) Law
6 136 (3.65%) Pharmaceutical
7 87 (2.33%) Telecoms
8 68 (1.82%) Games
9 52 (1.40%) Manufacturing
10 39 (1.05%) Electronics
10 39 (1.05%) Investment Banking
11 33 (0.89%) Advertising
12 27 (0.72%) Military
13 24 (0.64%) Billing
14 23 (0.62%) Financial Institution
15 19 (0.51%) Front Office
16 15 (0.40%) Spanish Language
17 13 (0.35%) Legal
18 11 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 9 (0.24%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,036 (27.80%) Data Scientist
2 555 (14.89%) Developer
3 492 (13.20%) Data Engineer
4 282 (7.57%) Analyst
5 268 (7.19%) Senior Data Scientist
6 238 (6.39%) Architect
7 209 (5.61%) Software Engineer
8 175 (4.70%) Consultant
9 163 (4.37%) Python Engineer
10 143 (3.84%) Data Architect
11 136 (3.65%) Data Analyst
12 120 (3.22%) Python Developer
13 107 (2.87%) Big Data Engineer
13 107 (2.87%) Senior Data Engineer
14 106 (2.84%) Senior Developer
15 97 (2.60%) Junior
16 95 (2.55%) Graduate
17 93 (2.50%) Machine Learning Scientist
18 88 (2.36%) Java Developer
19 87 (2.33%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 348 (9.34%) Kafka
2 321 (8.61%) Natural Language Processing
3 255 (6.84%) scikit-learn
4 245 (6.57%) Pandas
5 196 (5.26%) TensorFlow
6 183 (4.91%) NumPy
7 165 (4.43%) .NET
8 154 (4.13%) Web Services
9 148 (3.97%) React
10 134 (3.60%) HTML
11 133 (3.57%) AngularJS
12 115 (3.09%) CSS
13 102 (2.74%) Node.js
14 99 (2.66%) SciPy
15 86 (2.31%) RESTful
16 84 (2.25%) PySpark
17 79 (2.12%) Flask
18 75 (2.01%) Keras
19 63 (1.69%) Elastic Stack
20 61 (1.64%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 757 (20.31%) Analytical Skills
2 738 (19.80%) Algorithms
3 155 (4.16%) User Experience
4 111 (2.98%) Data Structures
5 107 (2.87%) Management Information System
6 81 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
7 66 (1.77%) Robotics
8 61 (1.64%) Social Media
9 53 (1.42%) Public Cloud
10 41 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
10 41 (1.10%) Virtual Team
11 34 (0.91%) Cloud Native
12 29 (0.78%) Hedge funds
13 28 (0.75%) Data Protection Act
14 27 (0.72%) Life Science
15 26 (0.70%) Data Centre
16 25 (0.67%) PMI
17 24 (0.64%) Credit Risk
18 23 (0.62%) Analytical Mindset
19 20 (0.54%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 276 (7.41%) Linux
2 105 (2.82%) Unix
3 67 (1.80%) Windows
4 41 (1.10%) Apple iOS
5 38 (1.02%) Android
6 15 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 13 (0.35%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.35%) Windows Server
8 11 (0.30%) CentOS
9 10 (0.27%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.16%) FreeBSD
12 3 (0.080%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.054%) Debian
13 2 (0.054%) HPUX
14 1 (0.027%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,768 (47.44%) Machine Learning
2 1,577 (42.31%) Analytics
3 1,202 (32.25%) Agile Software Development
4 855 (22.94%) Artificial Intelligence
5 822 (22.06%) Mathematics
6 675 (18.11%) Software Engineering
7 637 (17.09%) Visualisation
8 622 (16.69%) Data Analysis
9 600 (16.10%) Computer Science
10 541 (14.52%) Business Intelligence
11 435 (11.67%) Data Analytics
12 429 (11.51%) Statistics
13 399 (10.71%) DevOps
14 394 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
15 367 (9.85%) ETL
16 359 (9.63%) Data Modelling
17 339 (9.10%) Data Engineering
18 330 (8.85%) Data Visualisation
19 316 (8.48%) Scrum
20 308 (8.26%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,229 (59.81%) Python
2 1,206 (32.36%) SQL
3 940 (25.22%) R
4 813 (21.81%) Java
5 524 (14.06%) Scala
6 353 (9.47%) C#
7 323 (8.67%) JavaScript
8 292 (7.83%) C++
9 249 (6.68%) MATLAB
10 244 (6.55%) C
11 102 (2.74%) Bash Shell
12 73 (1.96%) PHP
13 69 (1.85%) Go
14 61 (1.64%) Ruby
14 61 (1.64%) T-SQL
15 57 (1.53%) TypeScript
16 53 (1.42%) Shell Script
17 43 (1.15%) Perl
18 38 (1.02%) ES6
19 37 (0.99%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 743 (19.94%) Degree
2 447 (11.99%) PhD
3 141 (3.78%) Security Cleared
4 76 (2.04%) Master's Degree
4 76 (2.04%) SC Cleared
5 66 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 59 (1.58%) DV Cleared
7 58 (1.56%) Numerate Degree
8 29 (0.78%) AWS Certification
9 25 (0.67%) PMI Certification
10 21 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
10 21 (0.56%) Postgraduate
11 18 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.38%) CISSP
13 11 (0.30%) CEH
13 11 (0.30%) MBA
14 9 (0.24%) CISA
14 9 (0.24%) ISTQB
14 9 (0.24%) MCSA
14 9 (0.24%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (3.86%) Data Quality
2 102 (2.74%) QA
3 23 (0.62%) GDPR
4 15 (0.40%) SLA
5 11 (0.30%) Actionable Recommendations
6 10 (0.27%) PMO
7 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.11%) NIST
9 3 (0.080%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.080%) IFRS
9 3 (0.080%) ISAE 3402
9 3 (0.080%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.054%) EMIR
10 2 (0.054%) FATCA
10 2 (0.054%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.054%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.054%) SEPA
11 1 (0.027%) Basel III
11 1 (0.027%) COBIT
11 1 (0.027%) MiFID
System Software
1 302 (8.10%) Docker
2 76 (2.04%) Apache Flume
3 74 (1.99%) HDFS
4 30 (0.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 17 (0.46%) Active Directory
6 10 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.24%) pfSense
7 9 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.19%) vSphere
9 6 (0.16%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.080%) etcd
11 1 (0.027%) Firmware
11 1 (0.027%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.027%) Snort
Systems Management
1 206 (5.53%) Kubernetes
2 144 (3.86%) Ansible
3 106 (2.84%) Oozie
4 88 (2.36%) Hadoop YARN
4 88 (2.36%) Terraform
5 69 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
6 60 (1.61%) Puppet
7 25 (0.67%) Nagios
8 17 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (0.46%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.35%) SQL Sentry
10 11 (0.30%) Kibana
11 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
12 7 (0.19%) Ambari
12 7 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
12 7 (0.19%) Consul
12 7 (0.19%) SCOM
13 6 (0.16%) Mesos
13 6 (0.16%) Rundeck
14 3 (0.080%) logstash
Vendors
1 257 (6.90%) Tableau
2 244 (6.55%) Microsoft
3 233 (6.25%) Google
4 144 (3.86%) Oracle
5 132 (3.54%) Cloudera
6 109 (2.92%) Databricks
7 82 (2.20%) Informatica
8 67 (1.80%) Hortonworks
8 67 (1.80%) SAP
9 61 (1.64%) MapR
10 50 (1.34%) Splunk
11 46 (1.23%) Talend
12 33 (0.89%) Adobe
12 33 (0.89%) WorldPay
13 30 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
14 27 (0.72%) Teradata
14 27 (0.72%) VMware
15 22 (0.59%) Alteryx
15 22 (0.59%) IBM
16 19 (0.51%) Red Hat