Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 133 171
Rank change year-on-year +3 +38 +70
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 1,182 3,657 3,365
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.48% 2.61% 2.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.68% 2.83% 2.20%
Number of salaries quoted 1,072 2,927 2,618
Median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.85% - +8.33%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £52,500

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 44,058 129,376 152,675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.54% 92.19% 91.88%
Number of salaries quoted 35,891 101,583 121,592
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,057 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 1,104 £65,000 - 211
London -18 709 £70,000 - 131
UK excluding London +21 448 £52,500 - 100
Work from Home +31 129 £58,750 +2.17% 28
North of England +98 107 £47,500 -5.00% 14
South East +11 104 £55,000 - 21
Midlands +102 70 £55,000 +10.00% 12
South West -10 70 £52,500 +5.00% 19
North West +62 62 £51,250 +6.77% 9
West Midlands +106 59 £55,000 +10.00% 6
East of England +46 46 £61,250 -1.57% 14
Scotland +38 42 £45,000 -13.46% 14
North East +51 28 £40,000 -15.79% 4
East Midlands +76 23 £47,500 +5.56% 6
Wales +54 22 £45,000 +2.27% 4
Yorkshire +93 17 £42,500 -20.93% 1
Northern Ireland +25 1 £50,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 746 (63.11%) Python
2 563 (47.63%) Machine Learning
3 440 (37.23%) Analytics
4 408 (34.52%) SQL
5 360 (30.46%) AWS
6 350 (29.61%) Agile Software Development
7 319 (26.99%) Artificial Intelligence
8 309 (26.14%) Big Data
9 268 (22.67%) R
10 251 (21.24%) Azure
11 226 (19.12%) Degree
12 211 (17.85%) Algorithms
13 209 (17.68%) Finance
14 206 (17.43%) Business Intelligence
15 204 (17.26%) Java
16 199 (16.84%) Visualisation
17 190 (16.07%) Apache Spark
18 183 (15.48%) Analytical Skills
19 179 (15.14%) Software Engineering
20 173 (14.64%) Hadoop
21 172 (14.55%) Computer Science
22 169 (14.30%) Mathematics
23 161 (13.62%) Statistics
23 161 (13.62%) DevOps
24 153 (12.94%) GCP
25 148 (12.52%) JavaScript
26 138 (11.68%) Docker
26 138 (11.68%) Data Visualisation
27 134 (11.34%) Scala
27 134 (11.34%) ETL

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 190 (16.07%) Apache Spark
2 43 (3.64%) Apache
3 40 (3.38%) SAS
4 33 (2.79%) Jupyter
5 31 (2.62%) Apache Airflow
6 17 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (1.27%) IBM Domino
7 15 (1.27%) Luigi
8 14 (1.18%) SharePoint
9 11 (0.93%) Confluence
10 9 (0.76%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.25%) CMS
11 3 (0.25%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.17%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.17%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.17%) Headless CMS
12 2 (0.17%) Tornado
12 2 (0.17%) Umbraco
13 1 (0.085%) Drupal
13 1 (0.085%) Resin
Applications
1 21 (1.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.42%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.42%) SPSS
4 4 (0.34%) Figma
5 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.17%) Maya
6 2 (0.17%) MODO
6 2 (0.17%) Mudbox
6 2 (0.17%) S-PLUS
6 2 (0.17%) Stata
6 2 (0.17%) ZBrush
7 1 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.085%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.085%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.085%) Weka
Business Applications
1 7 (0.59%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.085%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.085%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.085%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.085%) SAP IS-U
3 1 (0.085%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 360 (30.46%) AWS
2 251 (21.24%) Azure
3 153 (12.94%) GCP
4 127 (10.74%) Power Platform
5 54 (4.57%) Amazon S3
6 46 (3.89%) Serverless
7 43 (3.64%) SaaS
8 34 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
9 30 (2.54%) GitHub
10 28 (2.37%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (2.28%) Amazon EMR
12 23 (1.95%) PaaS
13 22 (1.86%) Amazon Kinesis
13 22 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
14 18 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
14 18 (1.52%) IaaS
15 16 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
15 16 (1.35%) Logic Apps
16 12 (1.02%) Amazon SageMaker
17 11 (0.93%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.52%) Internet
2 10 (0.85%) Broadband
3 8 (0.68%) HTTP
4 7 (0.59%) 5G
5 4 (0.34%) SAN
5 4 (0.34%) TCP/IP
6 3 (0.25%) NAS
7 2 (0.17%) Firewall
7 2 (0.17%) Skype
8 1 (0.085%) DHCP
8 1 (0.085%) DNS
8 1 (0.085%) Intranet
8 1 (0.085%) Multicast
8 1 (0.085%) SMS
8 1 (0.085%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 309 (26.14%) Big Data
2 173 (14.64%) Hadoop
3 125 (10.58%) Power BI
4 119 (10.07%) Data Warehouse
5 110 (9.31%) SQL Server
6 107 (9.05%) NoSQL
7 83 (7.02%) PostgreSQL
8 75 (6.35%) Data Mining
9 66 (5.58%) Amazon Redshift
10 61 (5.16%) Relational Database
11 60 (5.08%) Apache Hive
12 55 (4.65%) Data Lake
13 49 (4.15%) Looker
14 48 (4.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 44 (3.72%) Snowflake Schema
16 41 (3.47%) MongoDB
16 41 (3.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 40 (3.38%) MySQL
18 38 (3.21%) BigQuery
19 33 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 109 (9.22%) Git (software)
2 54 (4.57%) JIRA
3 48 (4.06%) Jenkins
4 10 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 9 (0.76%) Visual Studio
6 8 (0.68%) GitLab
7 7 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
8 6 (0.51%) Bitbucket
8 6 (0.51%) Maven
9 5 (0.42%) GoCD
9 5 (0.42%) Selenium
9 5 (0.42%) webpack
10 4 (0.34%) SonarQube
10 4 (0.34%) TeamCity
11 3 (0.25%) Cucumber
11 3 (0.25%) Grunt
11 3 (0.25%) gulp
11 3 (0.25%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (0.25%) Visual Studio Team System
12 2 (0.17%) Eclipse
General
1 209 (17.68%) Finance
2 133 (11.25%) Marketing
3 55 (4.65%) Banking
4 45 (3.81%) Retail
5 44 (3.72%) Legal
6 35 (2.96%) Telecoms
7 33 (2.79%) Front Office
7 33 (2.79%) Games
8 25 (2.12%) Pharmaceutical
9 23 (1.95%) Manufacturing
10 22 (1.86%) Law
10 22 (1.86%) Public Sector
11 21 (1.78%) Back Office
12 18 (1.52%) Advertising
13 16 (1.35%) Police
14 14 (1.18%) Electronics
15 5 (0.42%) Investment Banking
16 4 (0.34%) Dutch Language
16 4 (0.34%) French Language
16 4 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 317 (26.82%) Data Scientist
2 233 (19.71%) Developer
3 185 (15.65%) Data Engineer
4 106 (8.97%) Senior Data Scientist
5 75 (6.35%) Python Engineer
6 67 (5.67%) Analyst
7 51 (4.31%) Architect
8 42 (3.55%) Data Analyst
8 42 (3.55%) Senior Developer
8 42 (3.55%) Software Engineer
9 40 (3.38%) DevOps Engineer
9 40 (3.38%) Python Developer
10 38 (3.21%) Consultant
11 37 (3.13%) Senior Data Engineer
12 35 (2.96%) Data Manager
13 34 (2.88%) AWS Engineer
14 31 (2.62%) Product Manager
15 30 (2.54%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 26 (2.20%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 25 (2.12%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (9.31%) TensorFlow
2 108 (9.14%) Natural Language Processing
3 96 (8.12%) Kafka
4 78 (6.60%) Pandas
5 73 (6.18%) scikit-learn
6 71 (6.01%) Node.js
6 71 (6.01%) NumPy
7 69 (5.84%) HTML
8 55 (4.65%) Keras
8 55 (4.65%) Web Services
9 53 (4.48%) AngularJS
10 49 (4.15%) PyTorch
11 46 (3.89%) React
12 45 (3.81%) CSS
13 37 (3.13%) SciPy
14 35 (2.96%) .NET
15 30 (2.54%) REST
15 30 (2.54%) Spring
16 29 (2.45%) XML
17 27 (2.28%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 211 (17.85%) Algorithms
2 183 (15.48%) Analytical Skills
3 48 (4.06%) User Experience
4 47 (3.98%) Management Information System
5 41 (3.47%) Data Structures
6 34 (2.88%) Cloud Native
6 34 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
7 24 (2.03%) Clustering
8 22 (1.86%) Mobile App
9 18 (1.52%) Life Science
10 17 (1.44%) FMCG
11 16 (1.35%) Social Media
12 13 (1.10%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (1.10%) PKI
13 12 (1.02%) Cyberattack
13 12 (1.02%) Data Centre
14 10 (0.85%) Cybercrime
14 10 (0.85%) Hedge funds
15 9 (0.76%) Blog
15 9 (0.76%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 106 (8.97%) Linux
2 37 (3.13%) Unix
3 27 (2.28%) Windows
4 20 (1.69%) Android
4 20 (1.69%) Apple iOS
5 12 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.02%) Ubuntu
6 6 (0.51%) VMS
7 2 (0.17%) CentOS
7 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.085%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 563 (47.63%) Machine Learning
2 440 (37.23%) Analytics
3 350 (29.61%) Agile Software Development
4 319 (26.99%) Artificial Intelligence
5 206 (17.43%) Business Intelligence
6 199 (16.84%) Visualisation
7 179 (15.14%) Software Engineering
8 172 (14.55%) Computer Science
9 169 (14.30%) Mathematics
10 161 (13.62%) DevOps
10 161 (13.62%) Statistics
11 138 (11.68%) Data Visualisation
12 134 (11.34%) ETL
13 119 (10.07%) Data Modelling
14 116 (9.81%) Data Analytics
15 108 (9.14%) Deep Learning
16 105 (8.88%) Data Engineering
17 91 (7.70%) Problem-Solving
18 88 (7.45%) Data Architecture
19 86 (7.28%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 746 (63.11%) Python
2 408 (34.52%) SQL
3 268 (22.67%) R
4 204 (17.26%) Java
5 148 (12.52%) JavaScript
6 134 (11.34%) Scala
7 83 (7.02%) C#
8 81 (6.85%) C++
9 53 (4.48%) C
10 44 (3.72%) Go
11 29 (2.45%) MATLAB
12 25 (2.12%) T-SQL
13 22 (1.86%) TypeScript
14 16 (1.35%) Perl
15 13 (1.10%) ES6
15 13 (1.10%) Julia
15 13 (1.10%) Kotlin
15 13 (1.10%) Ruby
16 12 (1.02%) Apple Swift
16 12 (1.02%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 226 (19.12%) Degree
2 109 (9.22%) PhD
3 95 (8.04%) Security Cleared
4 69 (5.84%) DV Cleared
5 55 (4.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 51 (4.31%) SC Cleared
7 25 (2.12%) Master's Degree
8 23 (1.95%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.51%) PMI Certification
9 6 (0.51%) PMP
9 6 (0.51%) Postgraduate
10 5 (0.42%) CISSP
11 4 (0.34%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.25%) CISM
13 1 (0.085%) CISA
13 1 (0.085%) HND
13 1 (0.085%) MCSA
13 1 (0.085%) MCSE
13 1 (0.085%) MCTS
13 1 (0.085%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.62%) Data Quality
2 30 (2.54%) NIST
3 26 (2.20%) QA
4 21 (1.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (1.52%) GDPR
6 12 (1.02%) NCSC
6 12 (1.02%) NIST 800
7 4 (0.34%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.25%) SLA
9 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.085%) IFRS
10 1 (0.085%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.085%) MiFID
10 1 (0.085%) PMO
10 1 (0.085%) Solvency II
10 1 (0.085%) WCAG
System Software
1 138 (11.68%) Docker
2 19 (1.61%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.42%) Apache Flume
4 3 (0.25%) HDFS
4 3 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.085%) NFS
6 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.085%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 126 (10.66%) Kubernetes
2 54 (4.57%) Terraform
3 29 (2.45%) Ansible
4 18 (1.52%) Mesos
5 17 (1.44%) Marathon
6 10 (0.85%) Puppet
7 7 (0.59%) Istio
8 5 (0.42%) Nagios
8 5 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.34%) Ambari
9 4 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.34%) Kibana
10 3 (0.25%) SCCM
11 2 (0.17%) logstash
11 2 (0.17%) Oozie
11 2 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.085%) Argo
12 1 (0.085%) Opsgenie
12 1 (0.085%) Prometheus
12 1 (0.085%) Rancher
Vendors
1 119 (10.07%) Tableau
2 95 (8.04%) Google
3 73 (6.18%) Microsoft
4 49 (4.15%) Databricks
5 24 (2.03%) SAP
5 24 (2.03%) Splunk
6 20 (1.69%) Cloudera
7 19 (1.61%) Oracle
8 18 (1.52%) Facebook
9 9 (0.76%) Talend
10 8 (0.68%) Alteryx
10 8 (0.68%) Informatica
10 8 (0.68%) Red Hat
11 7 (0.59%) Adobe
12 6 (0.51%) Amplitude
12 6 (0.51%) Sybase
13 5 (0.42%) Hortonworks
13 5 (0.42%) IBM
13 5 (0.42%) MuleSoft
14 4 (0.34%) Jitterbit