Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 170 237
Rank change year-on-year +33 +67 +79
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,650 3,388 2,717
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.58% 2.02% 1.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.80% 2.20% 1.67%
Number of salaries quoted 2,781 2,552 2,200
UK median annual salary £65,000 £64,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.78% +3.20% +4.17%
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £34,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,407 153,946 162,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.77% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 102,344 122,604 128,581
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 3,484 £65,000 - 390
London +39 2,279 £70,000 - 251
UK excluding London +54 1,328 £52,500 - 161
South East +9 383 £55,000 +10.00% 43
South West +72 290 £50,000 -9.09% 23
North of England +6 240 £50,000 - 34
East of England +58 164 £62,229 +24.46% 22
North West +4 161 £47,750 -9.05% 26
Scotland +17 119 £50,000 -4.76% 18
Midlands +70 115 £50,000 +5.26% 16
Yorkshire +13 72 £53,750 +19.44% 5
West Midlands +42 67 £52,500 +10.53% 11
East Midlands +36 48 £45,750 -3.68% 5
Wales +19 18 £44,000 -7.37% 3
North East +25 7 £45,000 +13.92% 3
Northern Ireland -12 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,253 (61.73%) Python
2 1,680 (46.03%) Machine Learning
3 1,339 (36.68%) Analytics
4 1,338 (36.66%) SQL
5 1,140 (31.23%) Agile Software Development
6 1,072 (29.37%) Big Data
7 909 (24.90%) R
8 825 (22.60%) AWS
9 798 (21.86%) Analytical Skills
10 768 (21.04%) Degree
11 760 (20.82%) Artificial Intelligence
12 750 (20.55%) Apache Spark
13 711 (19.48%) Mathematics
14 699 (19.15%) Hadoop
15 668 (18.30%) Java
16 657 (18.00%) Finance
17 620 (16.99%) Business Intelligence
18 613 (16.79%) Azure
19 593 (16.25%) Algorithms
20 576 (15.78%) Computer Science
21 565 (15.48%) Software Engineering
22 547 (14.99%) Visualisation
23 506 (13.86%) Scala
24 478 (13.10%) Statistics
25 443 (12.14%) Data Analysis
26 431 (11.81%) ETL
27 413 (11.32%) Data Warehouse
28 409 (11.21%) GCP
29 399 (10.93%) DevOps
30 387 (10.60%) Data Engineering

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 750 (20.55%) Apache Spark
2 170 (4.66%) SAS
3 143 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
4 138 (3.78%) Apache
5 69 (1.89%) Jupyter
6 67 (1.84%) Apache Airflow
7 66 (1.81%) Apache Pig
8 27 (0.74%) Apache Solr
9 24 (0.66%) Hyperledger
10 20 (0.55%) Confluence
10 20 (0.55%) Luigi
10 20 (0.55%) Tornado
11 13 (0.36%) SharePoint
12 9 (0.25%) IPython
13 5 (0.14%) GeoServer
13 5 (0.14%) nginx
14 4 (0.11%) ArcGIS
15 3 (0.082%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 3 (0.082%) R Markdown
16 2 (0.055%) OpenStack
Applications
1 82 (2.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (1.32%) SPSS
3 31 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (0.49%) Stata
5 15 (0.41%) Sketch
6 13 (0.36%) InVision
7 12 (0.33%) Chatbot
8 10 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.22%) GNU Octave
10 7 (0.19%) Gephi
11 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
11 5 (0.14%) MS Visio
11 5 (0.14%) Pipeline Pilot
12 4 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.082%) Gliffy
13 3 (0.082%) OmniGraffle
13 3 (0.082%) Photoshop
14 2 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
14 2 (0.055%) Weka
15 1 (0.027%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 11 (0.30%) Summit
2 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.11%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.055%) Actimize
3 2 (0.055%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 2 (0.055%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.055%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.055%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.027%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.027%) SAP GTS
4 1 (0.027%) Siebel CRM
4 1 (0.027%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 825 (22.60%) AWS
2 613 (16.79%) Azure
3 409 (11.21%) GCP
4 191 (5.23%) Power Platform
5 146 (4.00%) Serverless
6 113 (3.10%) AWS Lambda
7 103 (2.82%) SaaS
8 92 (2.52%) Amazon S3
9 74 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
10 63 (1.73%) Amazon Kinesis
10 63 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
11 62 (1.70%) PaaS
12 55 (1.51%) Amazon EMR
13 54 (1.48%) Azure Machine Learning
14 49 (1.34%) Azure Data Factory
15 35 (0.96%) Amazon SQS
15 35 (0.96%) AWS Fargate
15 35 (0.96%) IaaS
16 34 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
17 33 (0.90%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 42 (1.15%) HTTP
2 36 (0.99%) Internet
3 26 (0.71%) Wireless
4 25 (0.68%) Broadband
5 19 (0.52%) DNS
6 16 (0.44%) Firewall
7 12 (0.33%) VLAN
7 12 (0.33%) VPN
8 9 (0.25%) SSL
9 8 (0.22%) Ethernet
10 7 (0.19%) MPLS
11 3 (0.082%) IPsec
11 3 (0.082%) Network Security
11 3 (0.082%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.082%) SAN
11 3 (0.082%) TCP/IP
12 2 (0.055%) MQTT
12 2 (0.055%) SMS
12 2 (0.055%) WAN
13 1 (0.027%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,072 (29.37%) Big Data
2 699 (19.15%) Hadoop
3 413 (11.32%) Data Warehouse
4 300 (8.22%) NoSQL
5 247 (6.77%) SQL Server
6 243 (6.66%) Apache Hive
7 192 (5.26%) Data Mining
8 191 (5.23%) Power BI
9 182 (4.99%) PostgreSQL
10 178 (4.88%) Data Lake
11 167 (4.58%) Apache Cassandra
12 161 (4.41%) MongoDB
13 155 (4.25%) Relational Database
14 138 (3.78%) Amazon Redshift
15 122 (3.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 121 (3.32%) BigQuery
17 112 (3.07%) Impala
17 112 (3.07%) MySQL
18 95 (2.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 92 (2.52%) HBase
Development Applications
1 296 (8.11%) Git (software)
2 182 (4.99%) Jenkins
3 122 (3.34%) JIRA
4 65 (1.78%) Bitbucket
5 37 (1.01%) Visual Studio
6 34 (0.93%) Maven
7 32 (0.88%) RStudio
8 30 (0.82%) Subversion
9 29 (0.79%) webpack
10 26 (0.71%) GitLab
11 25 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 21 (0.58%) git-flow
12 21 (0.58%) Travis CI
13 20 (0.55%) Bitbucket Server
14 18 (0.49%) Vagrant
15 17 (0.47%) Team Foundation Server
16 16 (0.44%) Selenium
17 14 (0.38%) Artifactory
18 13 (0.36%) PostCSS
19 12 (0.33%) Gradle
General
1 657 (18.00%) Finance
2 361 (9.89%) Marketing
3 276 (7.56%) Banking
4 237 (6.49%) Retail
5 121 (3.32%) Public Sector
6 111 (3.04%) Telecoms
7 98 (2.68%) Manufacturing
8 92 (2.52%) Law
9 80 (2.19%) Games
10 51 (1.40%) Electronics
11 38 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
12 31 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 29 (0.79%) Billing
14 28 (0.77%) Automotive
15 27 (0.74%) Advertising
16 26 (0.71%) Front Office
17 22 (0.60%) Publishing
18 17 (0.47%) Aerospace
18 17 (0.47%) Legal
19 16 (0.44%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 1,029 (28.19%) Data Scientist
2 581 (15.92%) Developer
3 524 (14.36%) Data Engineer
4 316 (8.66%) Senior Data Scientist
5 220 (6.03%) Architect
6 211 (5.78%) Analyst
7 188 (5.15%) Software Engineer
8 183 (5.01%) Consultant
9 158 (4.33%) Python Engineer
10 133 (3.64%) Senior Developer
11 129 (3.53%) Data Architect
12 123 (3.37%) Junior
13 112 (3.07%) Python Developer
13 112 (3.07%) Senior Data Engineer
14 92 (2.52%) Data Analyst
15 91 (2.49%) Data Manager
16 89 (2.44%) AWS Engineer
17 88 (2.41%) Big Data Engineer
18 79 (2.16%) Data Consultant
19 78 (2.14%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 329 (9.01%) Natural Language Processing
2 293 (8.03%) Kafka
3 271 (7.42%) scikit-learn
4 268 (7.34%) Pandas
5 221 (6.05%) TensorFlow
6 172 (4.71%) Web Services
7 170 (4.66%) NumPy
8 169 (4.63%) .NET
9 164 (4.49%) React
10 146 (4.00%) AngularJS
11 145 (3.97%) HTML
12 128 (3.51%) Node.js
13 124 (3.40%) CSS
14 104 (2.85%) Keras
15 103 (2.82%) Flask
16 81 (2.22%) RESTful
17 79 (2.16%) ASP.NET
18 72 (1.97%) REST
18 72 (1.97%) SciPy
19 62 (1.70%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 798 (21.86%) Analytical Skills
2 593 (16.25%) Algorithms
3 137 (3.75%) User Experience
4 117 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
5 109 (2.99%) Management Information System
6 102 (2.79%) Data Structures
7 76 (2.08%) Social Media
8 73 (2.00%) Public Cloud
9 51 (1.40%) Robotics
10 46 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
11 45 (1.23%) Blog
12 36 (0.99%) Analytical Mindset
13 32 (0.88%) Credit Risk
13 32 (0.88%) Data Centre
14 30 (0.82%) Life Science
15 29 (0.79%) Private Cloud
15 29 (0.79%) Virtual Team
16 24 (0.66%) Cloud Native
17 23 (0.63%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 23 (0.63%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 321 (8.79%) Linux
2 123 (3.37%) Unix
3 57 (1.56%) Windows
4 36 (0.99%) Android
4 36 (0.99%) Apple iOS
5 19 (0.52%) Windows Server
6 15 (0.41%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.38%) CentOS
8 12 (0.33%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.33%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.055%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.027%) AIX
11 1 (0.027%) Debian
11 1 (0.027%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,680 (46.03%) Machine Learning
2 1,339 (36.68%) Analytics
3 1,140 (31.23%) Agile Software Development
4 760 (20.82%) Artificial Intelligence
5 711 (19.48%) Mathematics
6 620 (16.99%) Business Intelligence
7 576 (15.78%) Computer Science
8 565 (15.48%) Software Engineering
9 547 (14.99%) Visualisation
10 478 (13.10%) Statistics
11 443 (12.14%) Data Analysis
12 431 (11.81%) ETL
13 399 (10.93%) DevOps
14 387 (10.60%) Data Engineering
15 380 (10.41%) Data Analytics
16 370 (10.14%) Problem-Solving
17 365 (10.00%) Data Modelling
18 349 (9.56%) Deep Learning
19 305 (8.36%) Scrum
20 283 (7.75%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,253 (61.73%) Python
2 1,338 (36.66%) SQL
3 909 (24.90%) R
4 668 (18.30%) Java
5 506 (13.86%) Scala
6 347 (9.51%) JavaScript
7 320 (8.77%) C#
8 253 (6.93%) C
9 201 (5.51%) C++
10 173 (4.74%) MATLAB
11 114 (3.12%) Bash Shell
12 85 (2.33%) TypeScript
13 80 (2.19%) PHP
14 76 (2.08%) T-SQL
15 75 (2.05%) Go
16 47 (1.29%) Perl
17 46 (1.26%) Shell Script
18 41 (1.12%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
19 40 (1.10%) Ruby
20 35 (0.96%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 768 (21.04%) Degree
2 340 (9.32%) PhD
3 167 (4.58%) Security Cleared
4 92 (2.52%) Master's Degree
5 91 (2.49%) DV Cleared
6 81 (2.22%) Numerate Degree
6 81 (2.22%) SC Cleared
7 80 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
8 29 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
9 26 (0.71%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.36%) Postgraduate
11 12 (0.33%) MCSA
11 12 (0.33%) RHCA
12 8 (0.22%) PMP
13 6 (0.16%) CCNP
13 6 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.16%) MBA
14 5 (0.14%) CISSP
14 5 (0.14%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.082%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (3.92%) Data Quality
2 96 (2.63%) QA
3 34 (0.93%) GDPR
4 17 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.44%) Actionable Recommendations
6 13 (0.36%) SLA
7 10 (0.27%) PMO
8 9 (0.25%) IFRS
8 9 (0.25%) IFRS 9
9 8 (0.22%) Basel II
10 7 (0.19%) GMP
11 6 (0.16%) GLP
12 5 (0.14%) NIST
13 3 (0.082%) ISAE 3402
13 3 (0.082%) PCI DSS
14 2 (0.055%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.055%) PSD2
15 1 (0.027%) ISO 9001
15 1 (0.027%) MiFID
15 1 (0.027%) NIST 800
System Software
1 367 (10.05%) Docker
2 75 (2.05%) HDFS
3 44 (1.21%) Apache Flume
4 22 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 18 (0.49%) VirtualBox
6 14 (0.38%) Active Directory
7 12 (0.33%) pfSense
7 12 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.082%) VMware Infrastructure
10 1 (0.027%) etcd
10 1 (0.027%) Firmware
10 1 (0.027%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 244 (6.68%) Kubernetes
2 135 (3.70%) Terraform
3 121 (3.32%) Ansible
4 70 (1.92%) Oozie
5 55 (1.51%) Hadoop YARN
6 37 (1.01%) Puppet
7 30 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
7 30 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (0.44%) Consul
9 13 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
10 12 (0.33%) Kibana
11 9 (0.25%) Packer
12 8 (0.22%) Nagios
13 5 (0.14%) Mesos
14 2 (0.055%) Grafana
14 2 (0.055%) Prometheus
14 2 (0.055%) SQL Sentry
15 1 (0.027%) CASB
15 1 (0.027%) Istio
15 1 (0.027%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 314 (8.60%) Google
2 301 (8.25%) Microsoft
3 265 (7.26%) Tableau
4 110 (3.01%) Oracle
5 93 (2.55%) Databricks
6 82 (2.25%) SAP
7 75 (2.05%) Cloudera
8 62 (1.70%) Informatica
8 62 (1.70%) Splunk
9 47 (1.29%) WorldPay
10 42 (1.15%) Alteryx
10 42 (1.15%) Hortonworks
11 40 (1.10%) Talend
12 39 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
13 36 (0.99%) Adobe
14 34 (0.93%) Teradata
15 27 (0.74%) MapR
16 25 (0.68%) Red Hat
17 24 (0.66%) Dataiku
17 24 (0.66%) MicroStrategy