Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 123 163 214
Rank change year-on-year +40 +51 +93
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,618 3,390 3,000
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.64% 2.07% 1.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.87% 2.26% 1.80%
Number of salaries quoted 2,742 2,548 2,459
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £100,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £51,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.94% +8.42% -5.00%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,225 150,194 166,677
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.06% 91.82% 92.21%
Number of salaries quoted 99,734 119,570 131,835
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +36 3,435 £65,000 - 422
London +47 2,325 £72,500 - 257
UK excluding London +31 1,243 £52,500 +1.94% 183
South East -14 350 £55,000 +10.00% 46
South West +37 270 £50,000 -9.09% 25
North of England +36 218 £50,000 - 39
East of England +61 167 £60,000 +9.09% 37
North West +15 142 £50,000 -4.31% 26
Scotland +9 118 £52,500 +16.67% 12
Midlands +48 92 £50,000 +17.65% 18
Yorkshire +18 71 £55,000 +22.22% 11
West Midlands +55 61 £52,500 +10.53% 8
Wales +41 35 £50,000 +5.26% 3
East Midlands -12 31 £45,000 +12.50% 9
North East +17 5 £50,000 +42.86% 2

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,282 (63.07%) Python
2 1,615 (44.64%) Machine Learning
3 1,312 (36.26%) SQL
4 1,276 (35.27%) Analytics
5 1,051 (29.05%) Agile Software Development
6 996 (27.53%) Big Data
7 883 (24.41%) AWS
8 836 (23.11%) R
9 828 (22.89%) Degree
10 760 (21.01%) Analytical Skills
11 731 (20.20%) Artificial Intelligence
12 724 (20.01%) Apache Spark
13 684 (18.91%) Finance
14 662 (18.30%) Mathematics
15 639 (17.66%) Java
16 631 (17.44%) Hadoop
17 617 (17.05%) Business Intelligence
18 605 (16.72%) Azure
19 574 (15.87%) Software Engineering
19 574 (15.87%) Computer Science
20 562 (15.53%) Algorithms
21 537 (14.84%) Visualisation
22 500 (13.82%) Scala
23 493 (13.63%) Statistics
24 455 (12.58%) GCP
25 435 (12.02%) DevOps
26 433 (11.97%) Docker
27 428 (11.83%) Data Analysis
28 410 (11.33%) ETL
29 405 (11.19%) JavaScript

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 724 (20.01%) Apache Spark
2 151 (4.17%) Apache
3 144 (3.98%) SAS
4 127 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 89 (2.46%) Apache Airflow
6 76 (2.10%) Jupyter
7 33 (0.91%) Luigi
8 29 (0.80%) Confluence
9 24 (0.66%) Tornado
10 22 (0.61%) Apache Solr
11 21 (0.58%) Apache Pig
11 21 (0.58%) Hyperledger
12 16 (0.44%) SharePoint
13 12 (0.33%) OpenStack
14 10 (0.28%) GeoServer
15 9 (0.25%) IIS
15 9 (0.25%) nginx
16 5 (0.14%) ArcGIS
17 3 (0.083%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 2 (0.055%) R Markdown
Applications
1 77 (2.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.97%) SPSS
3 24 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.44%) Sketch
5 12 (0.33%) Stata
6 10 (0.28%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 9 (0.25%) InVision
8 7 (0.19%) Gephi
9 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
10 5 (0.14%) Gliffy
10 5 (0.14%) Pipeline Pilot
11 4 (0.11%) GNU Octave
11 4 (0.11%) Weka
12 3 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.083%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.083%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.028%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.083%) Odoo
2 2 (0.055%) Actimize
2 2 (0.055%) Cognos Business Intelligence
2 2 (0.055%) SAP ERP
2 2 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.028%) Adobe Campaign
3 1 (0.028%) Cognos TM1
3 1 (0.028%) HFM
3 1 (0.028%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.028%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.028%) SAP BPC
3 1 (0.028%) SAP GTS
3 1 (0.028%) Siebel CRM
3 1 (0.028%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 883 (24.41%) AWS
2 605 (16.72%) Azure
3 455 (12.58%) GCP
4 201 (5.56%) Power Platform
5 131 (3.62%) Serverless
6 109 (3.01%) AWS Lambda
7 94 (2.60%) SaaS
8 93 (2.57%) Amazon S3
9 72 (1.99%) Amazon Kinesis
10 67 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
11 59 (1.63%) PaaS
12 58 (1.60%) AWS CloudFormation
13 57 (1.58%) Amazon EMR
14 52 (1.44%) Azure Machine Learning
15 43 (1.19%) Amazon ECS
16 42 (1.16%) Azure Data Factory
17 40 (1.11%) Amazon SageMaker
18 34 (0.94%) GitHub
19 30 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
20 28 (0.77%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 57 (1.58%) HTTP
2 34 (0.94%) Internet
3 25 (0.69%) DNS
4 22 (0.61%) Wireless
5 17 (0.47%) Firewall
6 13 (0.36%) VPN
7 10 (0.28%) VLAN
8 9 (0.25%) SSL
9 8 (0.22%) Ethernet
9 8 (0.22%) MPLS
10 7 (0.19%) SMS
11 5 (0.14%) SMTP
12 3 (0.083%) FTP
12 3 (0.083%) Reverse Proxy
13 2 (0.055%) Bluetooth
13 2 (0.055%) Broadband
13 2 (0.055%) MQTT
13 2 (0.055%) Network Security
13 2 (0.055%) SAN
14 1 (0.028%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 996 (27.53%) Big Data
2 631 (17.44%) Hadoop
3 358 (9.89%) Data Warehouse
4 307 (8.49%) NoSQL
5 278 (7.68%) SQL Server
6 253 (6.99%) PostgreSQL
7 216 (5.97%) Apache Hive
8 201 (5.56%) Power BI
9 199 (5.50%) Relational Database
10 193 (5.33%) Data Mining
11 172 (4.75%) Data Lake
12 159 (4.39%) MongoDB
13 157 (4.34%) BigQuery
14 154 (4.26%) Amazon Redshift
15 153 (4.23%) Apache Cassandra
16 131 (3.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 127 (3.51%) MySQL
18 84 (2.32%) Impala
19 83 (2.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 81 (2.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 298 (8.24%) Git (software)
2 190 (5.25%) Jenkins
3 135 (3.73%) JIRA
4 64 (1.77%) Bitbucket
5 37 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 36 (1.00%) Visual Studio
7 33 (0.91%) RStudio
8 32 (0.88%) webpack
9 30 (0.83%) Vagrant
10 24 (0.66%) Bitbucket Server
11 23 (0.64%) git-flow
12 19 (0.53%) Maven
12 19 (0.53%) Subversion
13 18 (0.50%) Team Foundation Server
13 18 (0.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 16 (0.44%) Travis CI
15 14 (0.39%) GitLab
15 14 (0.39%) Octopus Deploy
16 12 (0.33%) Karma Test Runner
16 12 (0.33%) NUnit
General
1 684 (18.91%) Finance
2 341 (9.43%) Marketing
3 256 (7.08%) Banking
4 224 (6.19%) Retail
5 142 (3.92%) Public Sector
6 108 (2.99%) Telecoms
7 92 (2.54%) Manufacturing
8 76 (2.10%) Games
9 51 (1.41%) Electronics
10 46 (1.27%) Law
11 43 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
12 39 (1.08%) Automotive
13 33 (0.91%) Legal
14 31 (0.86%) Advertising
15 30 (0.83%) Front Office
16 28 (0.77%) Financial Institution
16 28 (0.77%) Publishing
17 23 (0.64%) Billing
18 20 (0.55%) Aerospace
19 12 (0.33%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 987 (27.28%) Data Scientist
2 601 (16.61%) Developer
3 571 (15.78%) Data Engineer
4 333 (9.20%) Senior Data Scientist
5 181 (5.00%) Analyst
6 176 (4.86%) Consultant
7 173 (4.78%) Software Engineer
8 168 (4.64%) Architect
9 159 (4.39%) Python Engineer
10 140 (3.87%) Senior Developer
11 109 (3.01%) Junior
12 108 (2.99%) Data Architect
13 103 (2.85%) Senior Data Engineer
14 97 (2.68%) Python Developer
15 85 (2.35%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 81 (2.24%) AWS Engineer
16 81 (2.24%) C# Developer
17 80 (2.21%) Data Analyst
17 80 (2.21%) DevOps Engineer
18 78 (2.16%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 322 (8.90%) Natural Language Processing
2 291 (8.04%) Kafka
3 269 (7.44%) Pandas
4 266 (7.35%) scikit-learn
5 256 (7.08%) TensorFlow
6 187 (5.17%) React
7 176 (4.86%) AngularJS
8 166 (4.59%) .NET
9 165 (4.56%) Web Services
10 162 (4.48%) HTML
11 157 (4.34%) NumPy
12 154 (4.26%) Node.js
13 140 (3.87%) CSS
14 123 (3.40%) Keras
15 95 (2.63%) Flask
16 88 (2.43%) REST
17 81 (2.24%) RESTful
18 77 (2.13%) ASP.NET
19 76 (2.10%) Vue.js
20 67 (1.85%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 760 (21.01%) Analytical Skills
2 562 (15.53%) Algorithms
3 139 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 132 (3.65%) User Experience
5 107 (2.96%) Data Structures
6 93 (2.57%) Management Information System
7 70 (1.93%) Public Cloud
8 64 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
9 60 (1.66%) Social Media
10 49 (1.35%) Blog
11 33 (0.91%) Hedge funds
11 33 (0.91%) Robotics
12 32 (0.88%) Analytical Mindset
13 28 (0.77%) Credit Risk
13 28 (0.77%) Linux Command Line
14 26 (0.72%) Virtual Team
15 25 (0.69%) Enterprise Software
15 25 (0.69%) Life Science
15 25 (0.69%) Private Cloud
16 24 (0.66%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 384 (10.61%) Linux
2 124 (3.43%) Unix
3 56 (1.55%) Windows
4 37 (1.02%) Android
5 36 (1.00%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.41%) CentOS
7 15 (0.41%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.28%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.28%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
11 2 (0.055%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.028%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,615 (44.64%) Machine Learning
2 1,276 (35.27%) Analytics
3 1,051 (29.05%) Agile Software Development
4 731 (20.20%) Artificial Intelligence
5 662 (18.30%) Mathematics
6 617 (17.05%) Business Intelligence
7 574 (15.87%) Computer Science
7 574 (15.87%) Software Engineering
8 537 (14.84%) Visualisation
9 493 (13.63%) Statistics
10 435 (12.02%) DevOps
11 428 (11.83%) Data Analysis
12 410 (11.33%) ETL
13 374 (10.34%) Data Engineering
14 362 (10.01%) Data Analytics
14 362 (10.01%) Problem-Solving
15 361 (9.98%) Data Modelling
16 321 (8.87%) Deep Learning
17 315 (8.71%) Scrum
18 289 (7.99%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,282 (63.07%) Python
2 1,312 (36.26%) SQL
3 836 (23.11%) R
4 639 (17.66%) Java
5 500 (13.82%) Scala
6 405 (11.19%) JavaScript
7 297 (8.21%) C#
8 274 (7.57%) C
9 207 (5.72%) C++
10 137 (3.79%) MATLAB
11 117 (3.23%) Go
12 105 (2.90%) Bash Shell
13 97 (2.68%) TypeScript
14 81 (2.24%) T-SQL
15 52 (1.44%) Shell Script
16 50 (1.38%) PHP
17 36 (1.00%) Perl
17 36 (1.00%) Ruby
18 35 (0.97%) PL/SQL
19 27 (0.75%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 828 (22.89%) Degree
2 309 (8.54%) PhD
3 157 (4.34%) Security Cleared
4 115 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 99 (2.74%) Master's Degree
6 86 (2.38%) Numerate Degree
7 84 (2.32%) DV Cleared
8 69 (1.91%) SC Cleared
9 28 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
10 15 (0.41%) AWS Certification
11 14 (0.39%) MBA
12 12 (0.33%) PMP
12 12 (0.33%) Postgraduate
13 10 (0.28%) MCSA
13 10 (0.28%) RHCA
14 5 (0.14%) CISSP
14 5 (0.14%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.11%) MCSE
16 2 (0.055%) CCNA
16 2 (0.055%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (3.76%) Data Quality
2 117 (3.23%) QA
3 47 (1.30%) GDPR
4 33 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.39%) IFRS
5 14 (0.39%) IFRS 9
6 13 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
7 12 (0.33%) Basel II
7 12 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.19%) GMP
9 6 (0.17%) GLP
10 5 (0.14%) PMO
11 2 (0.055%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.055%) MiFID
11 2 (0.055%) PSD2
12 1 (0.028%) DICOM
12 1 (0.028%) EMIR
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.028%) NIST
12 1 (0.028%) SLA
System Software
1 433 (11.97%) Docker
2 70 (1.93%) HDFS
3 30 (0.83%) Apache Flume
4 26 (0.72%) VirtualBox
5 18 (0.50%) Active Directory
6 15 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 10 (0.28%) pfSense
9 9 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.14%) NFS
10 5 (0.14%) Samba
10 5 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
10 5 (0.14%) vSphere
11 2 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.028%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 299 (8.26%) Kubernetes
2 166 (4.59%) Terraform
3 115 (3.18%) Ansible
4 65 (1.80%) Oozie
5 41 (1.13%) Puppet
6 36 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
7 33 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
8 25 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
9 19 (0.53%) Consul
10 12 (0.33%) Kibana
11 11 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (0.28%) Packer
13 6 (0.17%) Mesos
13 6 (0.17%) Nagios
14 5 (0.14%) Cacti
14 5 (0.14%) Galera Cluster
14 5 (0.14%) HAProxy
14 5 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
15 2 (0.055%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.055%) Salt
Vendors
1 376 (10.39%) Google
2 285 (7.88%) Tableau
3 273 (7.55%) Microsoft
4 95 (2.63%) Oracle
5 80 (2.21%) SAP
6 73 (2.02%) Databricks
7 52 (1.44%) Cloudera
8 49 (1.35%) Informatica
8 49 (1.35%) Splunk
9 48 (1.33%) Talend
10 38 (1.05%) Alteryx
11 37 (1.02%) Adobe
12 35 (0.97%) WorldPay
13 31 (0.86%) Hortonworks
13 31 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
14 29 (0.80%) MicroStrategy
15 28 (0.77%) Teradata
16 23 (0.64%) Apple
17 22 (0.61%) Red Hat
18 21 (0.58%) Dataiku