Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 168 221 307
Rank change year-on-year +53 +86 +148
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,305 2,841 2,029
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.01% 1.62% 1.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.21% 1.77% 1.16%
Number of salaries quoted 2,476 2,316 1,725
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -4.17%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.25% -3.00% +11.11%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 149,712 160,336 174,348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.03% 91.56% 90.86%
Number of salaries quoted 119,082 126,510 145,216
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science.

Salary trend for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in the UK

Data Science
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +52 3,152 £65,000 +4.00% 442
London +35 2,028 £70,000 +3.70% 241
UK excluding London +58 1,221 £52,500 +8.25% 221
South East +117 426 £50,000 +6.38% 65
North of England +8 230 £50,000 -9.09% 47
South West +57 189 £55,000 - 36
North West +3 166 £52,500 -6.25% 26
East of England +3 160 £50,000 +6.38% 34
Scotland +34 118 £52,500 +16.67% 12
Midlands -4 88 £47,500 +11.76% 19
Yorkshire -12 54 £45,000 -18.18% 13
East Midlands +5 44 £45,000 +5.88% 10
West Midlands -8 44 £50,000 +17.65% 9
North East -3 10 £35,000 +8.53% 8
Wales -10 6 £47,500 +3.04% 6
Northern Ireland +14 4 £52,500 +61.54% 2

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,893 (57.28%) Python
2 1,551 (46.93%) Analytics
3 1,550 (46.90%) Machine Learning
4 1,284 (38.85%) SQL
5 1,058 (32.01%) Big Data
6 1,028 (31.10%) Degree
7 933 (28.23%) R
8 919 (27.81%) Agile Software Development
9 731 (22.12%) Hadoop
10 713 (21.57%) Finance
11 698 (21.12%) Mathematics
12 695 (21.03%) Apache Spark
13 666 (20.15%) Java
14 652 (19.73%) Computer Science
15 648 (19.61%) Amazon AWS
16 623 (18.85%) Analytical Skills
17 620 (18.76%) Algorithms
18 612 (18.52%) Artificial Intelligence
19 600 (18.15%) Visualisation
20 566 (17.13%) Business Intelligence
21 564 (17.07%) Software Engineering
22 536 (16.22%) Microsoft Azure
23 509 (15.40%) Statistics
24 485 (14.67%) NoSQL
25 465 (14.07%) Problem-Solving
26 443 (13.40%) PhD
27 437 (13.22%) Data Analytics
28 436 (13.19%) JavaScript
29 424 (12.83%) Scala
30 412 (12.47%) Data Analysis

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 695 (21.03%) Apache Spark
2 226 (6.84%) SAS
3 157 (4.75%) Apache
4 115 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
5 96 (2.90%) CMS
6 92 (2.78%) Apache Pig
7 89 (2.69%) EPiServer
8 44 (1.33%) Sitecore CMS
9 23 (0.70%) Confluence
9 23 (0.70%) SharePoint
10 21 (0.64%) Jupyter
11 17 (0.51%) Tomcat
12 16 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
13 13 (0.39%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.39%) GlassFish
14 8 (0.24%) JBoss
14 8 (0.24%) Luigi
14 8 (0.24%) Tornado
15 7 (0.21%) IPython
15 7 (0.21%) OpenStack
Applications
1 62 (1.88%) SPSS
2 56 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 40 (1.21%) GNU Octave
4 24 (0.73%) Chatbot
5 16 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.42%) Photoshop
7 12 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.30%) Adobe After Effects
8 10 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.30%) InVision
9 8 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.15%) Flinto
11 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.12%) Stata
12 3 (0.091%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.091%) Pixate
12 3 (0.091%) Spreadsheet
13 2 (0.061%) EViews
13 2 (0.061%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 44 (1.33%) Eloqua
2 15 (0.45%) SAP S/4HANA
3 11 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.15%) SAP BPC
6 4 (0.12%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.12%) Maximo
7 3 (0.091%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.091%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.091%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.091%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.061%) Eikon
8 2 (0.061%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.030%) Odoo
9 1 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.030%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 648 (19.61%) Amazon AWS
2 536 (16.22%) Microsoft Azure
3 160 (4.84%) Google Cloud Platform
4 96 (2.90%) npm
5 82 (2.48%) SaaS
6 75 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
7 69 (2.09%) Azure Data Factory
8 56 (1.69%) GitHub
9 54 (1.63%) PaaS
10 53 (1.60%) Serverless
11 48 (1.45%) Google Analytics
12 41 (1.24%) Amazon EMR
12 41 (1.24%) Amazon S3
13 39 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
14 36 (1.09%) Adobe Analytics
15 30 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
15 30 (0.91%) IaaS
16 29 (0.88%) Azure Machine Learning
17 27 (0.82%) Data Lake Analytics
18 25 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 24 (0.73%) HTTP
2 21 (0.64%) Internet
3 13 (0.39%) Intranet
3 13 (0.39%) Network Security
4 12 (0.36%) SMS
5 11 (0.33%) Broadband
6 10 (0.30%) Bluetooth
6 10 (0.30%) NFC
7 9 (0.27%) Firewall
8 5 (0.15%) Skype
8 5 (0.15%) VPN
9 4 (0.12%) Hyperconnected
9 4 (0.12%) MQTT
9 4 (0.12%) WAN
9 4 (0.12%) Wireless
10 3 (0.091%) DAB
10 3 (0.091%) LAN
11 2 (0.061%) FTP
11 2 (0.061%) SMTP
11 2 (0.061%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,058 (32.01%) Big Data
2 731 (22.12%) Hadoop
3 485 (14.67%) NoSQL
4 324 (9.80%) Apache Hive
5 310 (9.38%) SQL Server
6 300 (9.08%) Data Warehouse
7 280 (8.47%) MongoDB
8 268 (8.11%) Power BI
9 219 (6.63%) Relational Database
10 187 (5.66%) Data Mining
10 187 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
11 183 (5.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 152 (4.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 142 (4.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 132 (3.99%) Data Lake
15 127 (3.84%) Amazon Redshift
16 126 (3.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 119 (3.60%) HBase
18 94 (2.84%) Impala
19 89 (2.69%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 354 (10.71%) Git (software)
2 171 (5.17%) Visual Studio
3 145 (4.39%) Selenium
4 133 (4.02%) Jenkins
5 107 (3.24%) TeamCity
6 101 (3.06%) Octopus Deploy
7 96 (2.90%) gulp
8 92 (2.78%) Karma Test Runner
9 91 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
10 89 (2.69%) Bower
10 89 (2.69%) Mocha
10 89 (2.69%) Protractor
10 89 (2.69%) Sinon.JS
11 60 (1.82%) Subversion
12 59 (1.79%) JIRA
13 47 (1.42%) webpack
14 45 (1.36%) JUnit
15 31 (0.94%) Maven
16 20 (0.61%) Cucumber
17 18 (0.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 713 (21.57%) Finance
2 314 (9.50%) Marketing
3 229 (6.93%) Retail
4 213 (6.44%) Banking
5 146 (4.42%) Advertising
6 126 (3.81%) Telecoms
7 61 (1.85%) Games
8 56 (1.69%) Investment Banking
8 56 (1.69%) Law
9 52 (1.57%) Financial Institution
10 47 (1.42%) Manufacturing
11 44 (1.33%) Pharmaceutical
12 40 (1.21%) Electronics
13 39 (1.18%) Front Office
14 29 (0.88%) Publishing
15 22 (0.67%) Automotive
16 15 (0.45%) Back Office
17 13 (0.39%) Military
18 11 (0.33%) Corporate Banking
18 11 (0.33%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 992 (30.02%) Data Scientist
2 551 (16.67%) Developer
3 366 (11.07%) Data Engineer
4 322 (9.74%) Senior Data Scientist
5 196 (5.93%) Consultant
6 178 (5.39%) Analyst
7 146 (4.42%) Architect
8 138 (4.18%) Big Data Engineer
9 119 (3.60%) .NET Developer
10 116 (3.51%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 103 (3.12%) Python Developer
12 99 (3.00%) Software Engineer
13 91 (2.75%) Data Analyst
14 86 (2.60%) Python Engineer
15 85 (2.57%) Senior Developer
16 83 (2.51%) Data Consultant
16 83 (2.51%) Junior
17 72 (2.18%) C# Developer
18 71 (2.15%) Senior Data Engineer
19 69 (2.09%) Machine Learning Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 338 (10.23%) Natural Language Processing
2 267 (8.08%) .NET
3 259 (7.84%) Kafka
4 258 (7.81%) AngularJS
5 237 (7.17%) HTML
6 209 (6.32%) Pandas
7 201 (6.08%) CSS
7 201 (6.08%) TensorFlow
8 184 (5.57%) NumPy
9 164 (4.96%) RESTful
10 161 (4.87%) HTML5
11 141 (4.27%) scikit-learn
12 133 (4.02%) Web Services
13 132 (3.99%) SciPy
14 131 (3.96%) React
15 130 (3.93%) jQuery
16 125 (3.78%) CSS3
17 115 (3.48%) Node.js
18 108 (3.27%) ASP.NET
19 99 (3.00%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 652 (19.73%) Computer Science
2 623 (18.85%) Analytical Skills
3 620 (18.76%) Algorithms
4 176 (5.33%) Fintech
5 149 (4.51%) Data Structures
6 147 (4.45%) User Experience
7 102 (3.09%) Greenfield Project
8 77 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
9 63 (1.91%) Mobile App
10 55 (1.66%) Cloud Native
10 55 (1.66%) Social Media
11 51 (1.54%) Management Information System
12 45 (1.36%) Life Science
13 41 (1.24%) Virtual Team
14 36 (1.09%) Public Cloud
15 33 (1.00%) NHS
16 30 (0.91%) FMCG
16 30 (0.91%) Hedge funds
16 30 (0.91%) Social Network
17 28 (0.85%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 271 (8.20%) Linux
2 89 (2.69%) Unix
3 57 (1.72%) Windows
4 36 (1.09%) Apple iOS
5 33 (1.00%) Android
6 15 (0.45%) Ubuntu
6 15 (0.45%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.27%) CentOS
8 3 (0.091%) DC/OS
9 2 (0.061%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.061%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.061%) Robot Operating System
9 2 (0.061%) SUSE
10 1 (0.030%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.030%) Debian
10 1 (0.030%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.030%) FreeBSD
10 1 (0.030%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.030%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,551 (46.93%) Analytics
2 1,550 (46.90%) Machine Learning
3 919 (27.81%) Agile Software Development
4 698 (21.12%) Mathematics
5 612 (18.52%) Artificial Intelligence
6 600 (18.15%) Visualisation
7 566 (17.13%) Business Intelligence
8 564 (17.07%) Software Engineering
9 509 (15.40%) Statistics
10 465 (14.07%) Problem-Solving
11 437 (13.22%) Data Analytics
12 412 (12.47%) Data Analysis
13 390 (11.80%) DevOps
14 383 (11.59%) ETL
15 358 (10.83%) Data Visualisation
16 339 (10.26%) Deep Learning
17 314 (9.50%) Data Engineering
18 308 (9.32%) Data Modelling
19 281 (8.50%) Microservices
20 269 (8.14%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,893 (57.28%) Python
2 1,284 (38.85%) SQL
3 933 (28.23%) R
4 666 (20.15%) Java
5 436 (13.19%) JavaScript
6 424 (12.83%) Scala
7 373 (11.29%) C++
8 358 (10.83%) C#
9 183 (5.54%) MATLAB
10 155 (4.69%) C
11 79 (2.39%) T-SQL
12 71 (2.15%) Ruby
13 67 (2.03%) Bash Shell
14 54 (1.63%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 54 (1.63%) Shell Script
15 49 (1.48%) PHP
16 42 (1.27%) Go
17 31 (0.94%) U-SQL
17 31 (0.94%) VBA
18 25 (0.76%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,028 (31.10%) Degree
2 443 (13.40%) PhD
3 166 (5.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 125 (3.78%) Master's Degree
5 94 (2.84%) Numerate Degree
6 80 (2.42%) SAFe Agilist
7 75 (2.27%) Security Cleared
8 32 (0.97%) SC Cleared
9 31 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
10 27 (0.82%) DV Cleared
11 24 (0.73%) MBA
12 23 (0.70%) CISSP
13 19 (0.57%) PMI Certification
14 15 (0.45%) MPhil
15 10 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
16 8 (0.24%) CEH
16 8 (0.24%) CompTIA Security+
16 8 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 8 (0.24%) PMP
16 8 (0.24%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (3.24%) QA
2 84 (2.54%) Data Quality
3 37 (1.12%) GDPR
4 19 (0.57%) IFRS
4 19 (0.57%) IFRS 9
4 19 (0.57%) Solvency II
5 16 (0.48%) Dodd-Frank
5 16 (0.48%) FATCA
6 10 (0.30%) Actionable Recommendations
7 8 (0.24%) PMO
8 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.091%) CRD IV
9 3 (0.091%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.061%) COBIT
10 2 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.061%) MiFID
10 2 (0.061%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.061%) SLA
System Software
1 229 (6.93%) Docker
2 152 (4.60%) HDFS
3 59 (1.79%) Apache Flume
4 19 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.42%) VirtualBox
6 12 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.15%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.091%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.091%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.061%) KVM
9 2 (0.061%) LXC
9 2 (0.061%) vCloud
9 2 (0.061%) Xen
10 1 (0.030%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 129 (3.90%) Kubernetes
2 77 (2.33%) Ansible
3 73 (2.21%) Hadoop YARN
4 63 (1.91%) Oozie
5 46 (1.39%) Terraform
6 38 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (1.09%) Prometheus
8 32 (0.97%) Grafana
9 29 (0.88%) Puppet
10 26 (0.79%) Kibana
11 25 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
12 20 (0.61%) Mesos
13 18 (0.54%) logstash
14 10 (0.30%) ZABBIX
15 8 (0.24%) Xymon
16 7 (0.21%) EMC NetWorker
16 7 (0.21%) Rancher
17 6 (0.18%) Nagios
18 4 (0.12%) Ambari
19 3 (0.091%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 390 (11.80%) Tableau
2 300 (9.08%) Microsoft
3 211 (6.38%) Google
4 127 (3.84%) SAP
5 110 (3.33%) Hortonworks
6 106 (3.21%) Oracle
7 89 (2.69%) Cloudera
8 57 (1.72%) Adobe
9 55 (1.66%) MapR
10 48 (1.45%) Databricks
11 44 (1.33%) Marketo
11 44 (1.33%) Sitecore
12 40 (1.21%) IBM
13 37 (1.12%) Alias
13 37 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
14 29 (0.88%) Cognos
14 29 (0.88%) Informatica
15 24 (0.73%) Talend
16 22 (0.67%) MicroStrategy
17 21 (0.64%) Red Hat