Period
to 18 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 189 305 559
Rank change year-on-year +116 +254 +118
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3240 1993 1028
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 1.04% 0.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.06% 1.17% 0.53%
Number of salaries quoted 2692 1777 843
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £94,250 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157092 170968 192910
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.95% 89.19% 88.57%
Number of salaries quoted 123714 142316 158568
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +6.25%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +113 3063 £62,500 +4.17% 389
London +67 1842 £65,000 - 222
UK excluding London +201 1373 £50,000 - 185
East of England +170 389 £50,000 -16.67% 65
South East +105 288 £55,000 +10.00% 40
North of England +106 281 £51,500 +14.44% 33
North West +84 240 £50,000 +11.11% 29
South West +54 144 £52,500 - 19
Scotland +82 139 £45,000 -10.00% 15
Midlands +101 122 £40,000 - 10
West Midlands +59 74 £37,500 +25.00% 5
East Midlands +78 48 £38,750 +72.22% 5
Yorkshire +25 32 £60,000 +33.33% 3
Wales -6 11 £46,100 +58.97%
North East +14 9 £35,000 -26.32% 1
Northern Ireland -22 4 £28,750 -45.24% 3

For the 6 months to 18 October 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1973 (60.90%) Python
2 1173 (36.20%) Java
3 975 (30.09%) Big Data
4 909 (28.06%) Analytics
5 904 (27.90%) Algorithms
6 899 (27.75%) Agile Software Development
7 853 (26.33%) SQL
8 804 (24.81%) Degree
9 801 (24.72%) Finance
10 779 (24.04%) C++
11 767 (23.67%) Computer Science
12 754 (23.27%) Mathematics
13 707 (21.82%) R
14 700 (21.60%) Artificial Intelligence
15 685 (21.14%) PhD
16 680 (20.99%) Apache Spark
17 646 (19.94%) Software Engineering
18 583 (17.99%) Hadoop
19 538 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
20 480 (14.81%) Statistics
21 462 (14.26%) Scala
22 450 (13.89%) C#
23 429 (13.24%) Natural Language Processing
24 423 (13.06%) Business Intelligence
25 418 (12.90%) Linux
26 410 (12.65%) Analytical Skills
27 392 (12.10%) DevOps
27 392 (12.10%) Physics
28 388 (11.98%) JavaScript
29 358 (11.05%) Deep Learning

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 680 (20.99%) Apache Spark
2 200 (6.17%) SAS
3 143 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
4 135 (4.17%) Apache
5 60 (1.85%) Apache Pig
6 51 (1.57%) Apache Solr
7 44 (1.36%) Ethereum
8 35 (1.08%) Hyperledger
9 26 (0.80%) Tomcat
10 22 (0.68%) eris
10 22 (0.68%) WebSphere
11 19 (0.59%) nginx
12 15 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
13 14 (0.43%) MS Exchange
14 13 (0.40%) DNN
14 13 (0.40%) OpenStack
14 13 (0.40%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.34%) WebLogic
16 9 (0.28%) CMS
16 9 (0.28%) Tornado
Applications
1 80 (2.47%) SPSS
2 59 (1.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (0.56%) Chatbot
5 16 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.22%) S-PLUS
7 7 (0.22%) Stata
8 6 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.15%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.093%) CPLEX
10 3 (0.093%) Weka
11 1 (0.031%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 12 (0.37%) Revive Adserver
2 6 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.15%) R3 Corda
3 5 (0.15%) WebTrends
4 4 (0.12%) SAP InfiniteInsight
5 3 (0.093%) Oracle AML
6 2 (0.062%) Actimize
6 2 (0.062%) FastStats
7 1 (0.031%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 538 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
2 348 (10.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 170 (5.25%) Google Cloud Platform
4 110 (3.40%) Azure Machine Learning
5 97 (2.99%) SaaS
6 82 (2.53%) GitHub
7 80 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
8 41 (1.27%) Amazon EC2
8 41 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
9 36 (1.11%) Amazon S3
10 35 (1.08%) PaaS
11 34 (1.05%) Serverless
12 33 (1.02%) Amazon EMR
13 29 (0.90%) Google Analytics
14 26 (0.80%) Amazon Kinesis
15 21 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
16 18 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
17 16 (0.49%) IaaS
18 15 (0.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 14 (0.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 32 (0.99%) Internet
2 25 (0.77%) TCP/IP
3 24 (0.74%) Ethernet
3 24 (0.74%) InfiniBand
4 22 (0.68%) HTTP
5 13 (0.40%) Network Security
5 13 (0.40%) SMS
6 10 (0.31%) Firewall
7 9 (0.28%) OpenVPN
7 9 (0.28%) Skype
7 9 (0.28%) SMTP
8 5 (0.15%) DNS
8 5 (0.15%) Intrusion Detection
8 5 (0.15%) Wireless
9 4 (0.12%) RFID
9 4 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.12%) ZigBee
10 3 (0.093%) DHCP
11 2 (0.062%) DAB
11 2 (0.062%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 975 (30.09%) Big Data
2 583 (17.99%) Hadoop
3 321 (9.91%) NoSQL
4 270 (8.33%) Data Mining
5 228 (7.04%) PostgreSQL
6 217 (6.70%) Relational Database
7 211 (6.51%) SQL Server
8 207 (6.39%) MongoDB
9 201 (6.20%) Data Warehouse
10 189 (5.83%) Apache Hive
11 160 (4.94%) Apache Cassandra
12 116 (3.58%) Power BI
13 103 (3.18%) Amazon Redshift
14 93 (2.87%) QlikView
15 87 (2.69%) RDBMS
15 87 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 84 (2.59%) Blockchain
17 83 (2.56%) MySQL
18 69 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 69 (2.13%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 241 (7.44%) Git (software)
2 96 (2.96%) Jenkins
3 57 (1.76%) JIRA
4 54 (1.67%) Selenium
5 38 (1.17%) Visual Studio
6 35 (1.08%) Cucumber
7 33 (1.02%) JUnit
8 28 (0.86%) TeamCity
9 27 (0.83%) Subversion
10 24 (0.74%) Maven
11 23 (0.71%) gulp
12 21 (0.65%) Team Foundation Server
12 21 (0.65%) webpack
13 19 (0.59%) GitLab
13 19 (0.59%) Talend Open Studio
14 14 (0.43%) LabVIEW
15 12 (0.37%) Vagrant
16 11 (0.34%) Gradle
16 11 (0.34%) Jasmine
16 11 (0.34%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 801 (24.72%) Finance
2 327 (10.09%) Marketing
3 179 (5.52%) Telecoms
4 175 (5.40%) Electronics
5 163 (5.03%) Retail
6 141 (4.35%) Manufacturing
7 138 (4.26%) Games
8 136 (4.20%) Banking
9 75 (2.31%) Legal
10 63 (1.94%) Advertising
11 60 (1.85%) Publishing
12 57 (1.76%) Financial Institution
13 35 (1.08%) Automotive
14 34 (1.05%) Investment Banking
15 25 (0.77%) Law
15 25 (0.77%) Retail Banking
16 18 (0.56%) Front Office
17 15 (0.46%) Military
17 15 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
18 9 (0.28%) French Language
Job Titles
1 835 (25.77%) Developer
2 716 (22.10%) Data Scientist
3 310 (9.57%) Software Engineer
4 203 (6.27%) Python Developer
5 193 (5.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 184 (5.68%) Software Developer
7 160 (4.94%) Architect
8 151 (4.66%) Analyst
9 138 (4.26%) Data Engineer
10 137 (4.23%) Senior Data Scientist
11 132 (4.07%) Machine Learning Scientist
12 130 (4.01%) Senior Developer
13 129 (3.98%) Graduate
14 121 (3.73%) Java Developer
15 118 (3.64%) Machine Learning Developer
16 111 (3.43%) Consultant
17 110 (3.40%) C++ Developer
18 104 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
19 90 (2.78%) Full Stack Developer
20 87 (2.69%) C++ Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 429 (13.24%) Natural Language Processing
2 261 (8.06%) .NET
3 240 (7.41%) Node.js
4 237 (7.31%) TensorFlow
5 215 (6.64%) AngularJS
6 188 (5.80%) HTML
7 187 (5.77%) React
8 175 (5.40%) CSS
9 174 (5.37%) Web Services
10 157 (4.85%) Kafka
11 121 (3.73%) RESTful
12 103 (3.18%) scikit-learn
13 99 (3.06%) REST
14 89 (2.75%) Django
15 80 (2.47%) HTML5
16 71 (2.19%) NumPy
16 71 (2.19%) RabbitMQ
17 70 (2.16%) Pandas
18 66 (2.04%) Lucene
19 63 (1.94%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 904 (27.90%) Algorithms
2 767 (23.67%) Computer Science
3 410 (12.65%) Analytical Skills
4 201 (6.20%) Fintech
5 181 (5.59%) Greenfield Project
6 130 (4.01%) Robotics
7 116 (3.58%) User Experience
8 77 (2.38%) Public Cloud
9 64 (1.98%) Client/Server
9 64 (1.98%) Mobile App
10 59 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
11 57 (1.76%) Cyberthreat
11 57 (1.76%) Data Structures
12 51 (1.57%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 43 (1.33%) Smart City
14 39 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
15 37 (1.14%) Hedge funds
16 36 (1.11%) Clustering
17 30 (0.93%) Management Information System
18 27 (0.83%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 418 (12.90%) Linux
2 155 (4.78%) Windows
3 107 (3.30%) Unix
4 72 (2.22%) Android
5 63 (1.94%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.43%) CentOS
9 11 (0.34%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.25%) Debian
11 6 (0.19%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 909 (28.06%) Analytics
2 899 (27.75%) Agile Software Development
3 754 (23.27%) Mathematics
4 700 (21.60%) Artificial Intelligence
5 646 (19.94%) Software Engineering
6 480 (14.81%) Statistics
7 423 (13.06%) Business Intelligence
8 392 (12.10%) DevOps
8 392 (12.10%) Physics
9 358 (11.05%) Deep Learning
10 355 (10.96%) Visualisation
11 276 (8.52%) Open Source
11 276 (8.52%) Scrum
12 270 (8.33%) Data Analytics
13 267 (8.24%) TDD
14 257 (7.93%) Data Visualisation
15 235 (7.25%) Neural Network
16 232 (7.16%) Data Analysis
17 212 (6.54%) Microservices
18 211 (6.51%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1973 (60.90%) Python
2 1173 (36.20%) Java
3 853 (26.33%) SQL
4 779 (24.04%) C++
5 707 (21.82%) R
6 462 (14.26%) Scala
7 450 (13.89%) C#
8 388 (11.98%) JavaScript
9 328 (10.12%) MATLAB
10 272 (8.40%) C
11 209 (6.45%) Ruby
12 129 (3.98%) Go
13 105 (3.24%) Shell Script
14 80 (2.47%) Julia
15 69 (2.13%) Bash Shell
16 66 (2.04%) PHP
17 61 (1.88%) Perl
18 33 (1.02%) Clojure
19 30 (0.93%) Solidity
20 25 (0.77%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 804 (24.81%) Degree
2 685 (21.14%) PhD
3 226 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 102 (3.15%) Master's Degree
5 92 (2.84%) Numerate Degree
6 67 (2.07%) Security Cleared
7 21 (0.65%) DV Cleared
8 14 (0.43%) SC Cleared
9 11 (0.34%) Postgraduate
10 8 (0.25%) PMP
11 7 (0.22%) PMI Certification
12 3 (0.093%) MBA
12 3 (0.093%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.062%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.062%) ISEB
14 1 (0.031%) APMP
14 1 (0.031%) CISSP
14 1 (0.031%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (1.94%) QA
2 53 (1.64%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.46%) GCP
4 8 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.22%) Actionable Recommendations
6 3 (0.093%) GDPR
7 1 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.031%) IFRS
7 1 (0.031%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.031%) PMO
System Software
1 309 (9.54%) Docker
2 28 (0.86%) HDFS
3 20 (0.62%) Apache Flume
4 18 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 18 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.43%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.37%) Varnish
7 11 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.25%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.25%) Xen
9 6 (0.19%) Firmware
10 4 (0.12%) Active Directory
10 4 (0.12%) etcd
11 2 (0.062%) KVM
11 2 (0.062%) NFS
12 1 (0.031%) Gluster
12 1 (0.031%) iptables
Systems Management
1 158 (4.88%) Kubernetes
2 153 (4.72%) Ansible
3 119 (3.67%) Opscode Chef
4 105 (3.24%) Puppet
5 61 (1.88%) Mesos
6 44 (1.36%) Terraform
7 15 (0.46%) Salt
8 14 (0.43%) Packer
9 12 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
10 9 (0.28%) Kibana
11 8 (0.25%) Grafana
12 6 (0.19%) Graylog
12 6 (0.19%) Munin
12 6 (0.19%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.15%) Ambari
13 5 (0.15%) Rancher
14 4 (0.12%) Consul
14 4 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.093%) Marathon
15 3 (0.093%) rkt
Vendors
1 283 (8.73%) Google
2 222 (6.85%) Microsoft
3 208 (6.42%) Tableau
4 179 (5.52%) SAP
5 80 (2.47%) Oracle
6 71 (2.19%) IBM
7 43 (1.33%) Cloudera
8 29 (0.90%) VMware
9 27 (0.83%) Cognos
10 26 (0.80%) Hortonworks
11 22 (0.68%) Teradata
12 20 (0.62%) Informatica
12 20 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
12 20 (0.62%) Twitter
13 19 (0.59%) Talend
14 17 (0.52%) Atlassian
15 16 (0.49%) MapR
16 15 (0.46%) Adthena
17 14 (0.43%) Facebook
17 14 (0.43%) New Relic