Period
to 18 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
18 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 204 331 615
Rank change year-on-year +127 +284 +1
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3126 1956 903
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.77% 0.99% 0.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.96% 1.11% 0.47%
Number of salaries quoted 2593 1761 758
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - +12.68%
10th Percentile £34,200 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Machine Learning is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 159119 175986 191424
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 89.89% 89.06% 88.11%
Number of salaries quoted 126483 146806 156211
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,723 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,500

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 August 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 18 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +115 2960 £62,500 +4.17% 297
London +60 1752 £67,500 +3.85% 180
UK excluding London +225 1357 £50,000 - 124
East of England +184 391 £50,000 - 35
North of England +136 300 £52,500 +16.67% 29
South East +120 292 £55,000 +4.76% 33
North West +109 254 £51,500 +21.18% 26
Scotland +102 133 £47,500 -5.00% 7
South West +35 120 £51,250 -5.09% 11
Midlands +116 116 £40,000 +6.67% 9
West Midlands +61 71 £40,000 +33.33% 5
East Midlands +65 51 £40,000 +77.78% 4
Yorkshire +33 30 £60,000 +44.58% 2
North East +24 16 £35,000 -22.22% 1
Wales +1 16 £45,000 +60.71%

For the 6 months to 18 August 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1897 (60.68%) Python
2 1158 (37.04%) Java
3 1038 (33.21%) Big Data
4 953 (30.49%) Analytics
5 871 (27.86%) Agile Software Development
6 868 (27.77%) Algorithms
7 861 (27.54%) SQL
8 789 (25.24%) Degree
9 762 (24.38%) R
10 742 (23.74%) Computer Science
11 729 (23.32%) Mathematics
11 729 (23.32%) C++
12 701 (22.42%) PhD
13 694 (22.20%) Finance
14 634 (20.28%) Apache Spark
15 633 (20.25%) Hadoop
16 588 (18.81%) Artificial Intelligence
17 565 (18.07%) Software Engineering
18 497 (15.90%) Scala
19 494 (15.80%) Statistics
20 473 (15.13%) Amazon AWS
21 429 (13.72%) Analytical Skills
22 423 (13.53%) Business Intelligence
23 416 (13.31%) Visualisation
24 413 (13.21%) C#
25 395 (12.64%) Natural Language Processing
26 390 (12.48%) Physics
27 370 (11.84%) NoSQL
27 370 (11.84%) JavaScript
28 366 (11.71%) Linux

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 634 (20.28%) Apache Spark
2 208 (6.65%) SAS
3 149 (4.77%) Elasticsearch
4 136 (4.35%) Apache
5 76 (2.43%) Apache Solr
6 66 (2.11%) Apache Pig
7 36 (1.15%) Ethereum
8 30 (0.96%) Hyperledger
8 30 (0.96%) Tomcat
9 21 (0.67%) WebSphere
10 19 (0.61%) Tornado
11 17 (0.54%) eris
12 12 (0.38%) CMS
12 12 (0.38%) nginx
13 11 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
13 11 (0.35%) Jupyter
13 11 (0.35%) WebLogic
14 10 (0.32%) SharePoint
15 9 (0.29%) Jetty
16 8 (0.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 77 (2.46%) SPSS
2 57 (1.82%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (0.45%) Chatbot
5 8 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
5 8 (0.26%) S-PLUS
5 8 (0.26%) Stata
6 6 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.19%) Weka
7 4 (0.13%) Pipeline Pilot
8 2 (0.064%) Gephi
8 2 (0.064%) GNU Octave
8 2 (0.064%) SPSS Modeler
9 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.032%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 12 (0.38%) Revive Adserver
2 5 (0.16%) R3 Corda
2 5 (0.16%) SAP InfiniteInsight
3 4 (0.13%) CaseMap
3 4 (0.13%) Relativity
4 2 (0.064%) FastStats
5 1 (0.032%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 1 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.032%) Oracle AML
Cloud Services
1 473 (15.13%) Amazon AWS
2 337 (10.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 169 (5.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 117 (3.74%) Azure Machine Learning
5 84 (2.69%) SaaS
6 64 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
7 62 (1.98%) GitHub
8 41 (1.31%) Amazon EMR
9 40 (1.28%) Amazon EC2
10 35 (1.12%) Amazon S3
10 35 (1.12%) Azure Data Factory
11 24 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
11 24 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (0.67%) Google Analytics
12 21 (0.67%) PaaS
13 19 (0.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 18 (0.58%) Amazon Kinesis
15 16 (0.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 12 (0.38%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
16 12 (0.38%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (0.86%) Internet
2 18 (0.58%) Ethernet
2 18 (0.58%) InfiniBand
2 18 (0.58%) TCP/IP
3 15 (0.48%) HTTP
4 14 (0.45%) Network Security
5 13 (0.42%) Firewall
6 9 (0.29%) OpenVPN
7 8 (0.26%) SMS
8 5 (0.16%) DNS
8 5 (0.16%) Skype
9 4 (0.13%) Wireless
10 3 (0.096%) Broadband
10 3 (0.096%) Cisco ASA
10 3 (0.096%) DHCP
10 3 (0.096%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.096%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.064%) 802.11
11 2 (0.064%) LTE
11 2 (0.064%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1038 (33.21%) Big Data
2 633 (20.25%) Hadoop
3 370 (11.84%) NoSQL
4 272 (8.70%) Data Mining
5 252 (8.06%) SQL Server
6 226 (7.23%) Data Warehouse
7 218 (6.97%) Relational Database
8 208 (6.65%) MongoDB
9 187 (5.98%) Apache Hive
10 158 (5.05%) PostgreSQL
11 138 (4.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 123 (3.93%) Power BI
13 116 (3.71%) QlikView
14 108 (3.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 101 (3.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 93 (2.98%) RDBMS
17 91 (2.91%) MySQL
18 89 (2.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 82 (2.62%) Amazon Redshift
20 77 (2.46%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 238 (7.61%) Git (software)
2 72 (2.30%) JIRA
3 59 (1.89%) Jenkins
4 53 (1.70%) Selenium
5 34 (1.09%) Cucumber
6 32 (1.02%) Visual Studio
7 31 (0.99%) Team Foundation Server
8 27 (0.86%) JUnit
9 26 (0.83%) TeamCity
10 25 (0.80%) Subversion
11 20 (0.64%) Talend Open Studio
12 19 (0.61%) gulp
12 19 (0.61%) Maven
12 19 (0.61%) SpecFlow
13 18 (0.58%) webpack
14 17 (0.54%) Gradle
15 15 (0.48%) GitLab
16 14 (0.45%) Vagrant
17 12 (0.38%) Mocha
18 11 (0.35%) LabVIEW
General
1 694 (22.20%) Finance
2 323 (10.33%) Marketing
3 187 (5.98%) Telecoms
4 168 (5.37%) Electronics
5 141 (4.51%) Manufacturing
6 131 (4.19%) Retail
7 110 (3.52%) Banking
7 110 (3.52%) Games
8 61 (1.95%) Publishing
9 58 (1.86%) Advertising
10 41 (1.31%) Financial Institution
11 29 (0.93%) Investment Banking
12 26 (0.83%) Automotive
13 24 (0.77%) Law
13 24 (0.77%) Legal
14 22 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
15 16 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.45%) Military
17 13 (0.42%) Front Office
18 9 (0.29%) French Language
Job Titles
1 818 (26.17%) Developer
2 751 (24.02%) Data Scientist
3 242 (7.74%) Software Engineer
4 195 (6.24%) Python Developer
5 194 (6.21%) Architect
6 177 (5.66%) Software Developer
7 173 (5.53%) Senior Data Scientist
8 172 (5.50%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 144 (4.61%) Analyst
10 143 (4.57%) Senior Developer
11 141 (4.51%) Java Developer
12 124 (3.97%) Machine Learning Developer
13 122 (3.90%) Consultant
14 118 (3.77%) Graduate
15 115 (3.68%) Data Engineer
16 105 (3.36%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 94 (3.01%) C++ Developer
18 86 (2.75%) DevOps Engineer
19 83 (2.66%) Full Stack Developer
20 67 (2.14%) C++ Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 395 (12.64%) Natural Language Processing
2 299 (9.56%) .NET
3 229 (7.33%) AngularJS
4 216 (6.91%) Node.js
5 176 (5.63%) HTML
6 173 (5.53%) React
7 170 (5.44%) TensorFlow
8 163 (5.21%) Web Services
9 159 (5.09%) CSS
10 154 (4.93%) Kafka
11 122 (3.90%) RESTful
12 121 (3.87%) REST
13 88 (2.82%) Django
14 84 (2.69%) scikit-learn
15 82 (2.62%) ASP.NET
16 77 (2.46%) HTML5
17 76 (2.43%) Lucene
18 68 (2.18%) D3.js
19 66 (2.11%) Flask
20 63 (2.02%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 868 (27.77%) Algorithms
2 742 (23.74%) Computer Science
3 429 (13.72%) Analytical Skills
4 199 (6.37%) Greenfield Project
5 156 (4.99%) Fintech
6 118 (3.77%) Robotics
7 97 (3.10%) User Experience
8 80 (2.56%) Public Cloud
9 75 (2.40%) Mobile App
10 71 (2.27%) Client/Server
11 60 (1.92%) Data Structures
12 47 (1.50%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 44 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
14 43 (1.38%) Smart City
14 43 (1.38%) Social Media
15 39 (1.25%) Virtual Team
16 31 (0.99%) Management Information System
17 28 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 27 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
18 27 (0.86%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 366 (11.71%) Linux
2 154 (4.93%) Windows
3 95 (3.04%) Unix
4 68 (2.18%) Android
5 60 (1.92%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.42%) CentOS
8 10 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
8 10 (0.32%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.22%) Debian
11 1 (0.032%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 953 (30.49%) Analytics
2 871 (27.86%) Agile Software Development
3 729 (23.32%) Mathematics
4 588 (18.81%) Artificial Intelligence
5 565 (18.07%) Software Engineering
6 494 (15.80%) Statistics
7 423 (13.53%) Business Intelligence
8 416 (13.31%) Visualisation
9 390 (12.48%) Physics
10 349 (11.16%) DevOps
11 305 (9.76%) Data Visualisation
12 295 (9.44%) Deep Learning
13 287 (9.18%) TDD
14 276 (8.83%) Scrum
15 265 (8.48%) Open Source
16 242 (7.74%) Data Analytics
17 232 (7.42%) Predictive Analytics
18 223 (7.13%) Microservices
19 213 (6.81%) Data Analysis
20 195 (6.24%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1897 (60.68%) Python
2 1158 (37.04%) Java
3 861 (27.54%) SQL
4 762 (24.38%) R
5 729 (23.32%) C++
6 497 (15.90%) Scala
7 413 (13.21%) C#
8 370 (11.84%) JavaScript
9 300 (9.60%) MATLAB
10 230 (7.36%) C
11 170 (5.44%) Ruby
12 111 (3.55%) Go
13 101 (3.23%) Shell Script
14 73 (2.34%) Bash Shell
15 63 (2.02%) Perl
15 63 (2.02%) PHP
16 54 (1.73%) Clojure
17 52 (1.66%) Julia
18 33 (1.06%) Groovy
19 30 (0.96%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 789 (25.24%) Degree
2 701 (22.42%) PhD
3 196 (6.27%) Computer Science Degree
4 130 (4.16%) Master's Degree
5 116 (3.71%) Numerate Degree
6 60 (1.92%) Security Cleared
7 17 (0.54%) DV Cleared
8 13 (0.42%) SC Cleared
9 10 (0.32%) PMI Certification
9 10 (0.32%) PMP
10 8 (0.26%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.064%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.064%) ISEB
11 2 (0.064%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.032%) APMP
12 1 (0.032%) CISSP
12 1 (0.032%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.032%) MBA
12 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.032%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (2.50%) QA
2 52 (1.66%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.51%) GCP
4 10 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.29%) Actionable Recommendations
6 3 (0.096%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.064%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 2 (0.064%) ISO 14001
8 1 (0.032%) GDPR
8 1 (0.032%) PMO
8 1 (0.032%) SLA
System Software
1 249 (7.97%) Docker
2 29 (0.93%) HDFS
3 19 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 17 (0.54%) Apache Flume
4 17 (0.54%) Hyper-V
4 17 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.32%) Firmware
6 10 (0.32%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.29%) Xen
8 6 (0.19%) Varnish
9 5 (0.16%) etcd
10 4 (0.13%) NFS
11 3 (0.096%) Gluster
11 3 (0.096%) iptables
12 2 (0.064%) Active Directory
13 1 (0.032%) Snort
Systems Management
1 133 (4.25%) Ansible
2 122 (3.90%) Kubernetes
2 122 (3.90%) Opscode Chef
3 104 (3.33%) Puppet
4 61 (1.95%) Mesos
5 31 (0.99%) Terraform
6 19 (0.61%) Salt
7 15 (0.48%) Kibana
8 14 (0.45%) Grafana
9 11 (0.35%) Packer
10 10 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
11 8 (0.26%) Munin
11 8 (0.26%) ZABBIX
12 7 (0.22%) logstash
13 6 (0.19%) Ambari
13 6 (0.19%) StatsD
14 5 (0.16%) Consul
14 5 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
15 4 (0.13%) Oozie
15 4 (0.13%) Rancher
Vendors
1 265 (8.48%) Google
2 231 (7.39%) Tableau
3 226 (7.23%) Microsoft
4 186 (5.95%) SAP
5 100 (3.20%) Oracle
6 67 (2.14%) IBM
7 43 (1.38%) Cloudera
8 31 (0.99%) Hortonworks
9 28 (0.90%) Atlassian
10 27 (0.86%) New Relic
11 25 (0.80%) VMware
12 24 (0.77%) Cognos
12 24 (0.77%) Teradata
13 20 (0.64%) AppDynamics
13 20 (0.64%) Talend
14 19 (0.61%) MapR
15 18 (0.58%) Twitter
15 18 (0.58%) Xamarin
16 15 (0.48%) Informatica
17 14 (0.45%) Splunk