Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 123 207 316
Rank change year-on-year +84 +109 +274
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,513 3,135 2,018
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 1.77% 1.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.96% 1.93% 1.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,685 2,609 1,796
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 152,439 162,423 176,281
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.04% 91.55% 90.89%
Number of salaries quoted 121,297 128,279 147,112
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +90 4,316 £65,000 +4.00% 653
London +74 2,538 £70,000 +3.70% 401
UK excluding London +83 1,922 £52,500 +5.00% 274
South East +164 669 £52,500 -8.70% 77
East of England +28 474 £60,000 +20.00% 73
South West +114 295 £52,500 +5.00% 32
North of England -12 213 £47,500 -7.77% 43
North West -49 158 £50,000 -1.48% 25
Scotland +2 140 £45,000 - 10
Midlands +10 119 £47,500 +18.75% 27
West Midlands +21 70 £47,500 +18.75% 14
East Midlands -2 49 £52,500 +31.25% 13
Yorkshire +39 48 £45,000 -25.00% 9
Wales +6 9 £41,250 -12.88% 9
North East -24 7 £45,000 +28.57% 9
Northern Ireland - 5 £72,500 - 3

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,418 (53.58%) Python
2 1,748 (38.73%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,648 (36.52%) Data Science
4 1,482 (32.84%) Java
5 1,341 (29.71%) Big Data
6 1,278 (28.32%) Analytics
7 1,217 (26.97%) SQL
8 1,167 (25.86%) Agile Software Development
9 1,059 (23.47%) Algorithms
10 985 (21.83%) C++
11 967 (21.43%) Software Engineering
12 959 (21.25%) Computer Science
13 953 (21.12%) Degree
14 875 (19.39%) Finance
15 859 (19.03%) Mathematics
16 804 (17.82%) Amazon AWS
17 796 (17.64%) R
18 767 (17.00%) Deep Learning
19 754 (16.71%) PhD
20 748 (16.57%) Apache Spark
21 737 (16.33%) JavaScript
22 718 (15.91%) Hadoop
23 699 (15.49%) Linux
24 659 (14.60%) Natural Language Processing
25 653 (14.47%) C#
26 578 (12.81%) Microsoft Azure
27 538 (11.92%) NoSQL
28 532 (11.79%) Statistics
29 516 (11.43%) Visualisation
30 490 (10.86%) DevOps

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 748 (16.57%) Apache Spark
2 181 (4.01%) Elasticsearch
3 166 (3.68%) Apache
4 142 (3.15%) SAS
5 47 (1.04%) Apache Pig
6 38 (0.84%) Tomcat
7 31 (0.69%) Apache Solr
8 29 (0.64%) Confluence
9 26 (0.58%) JBoss
9 26 (0.58%) SharePoint
10 25 (0.55%) CMS
11 24 (0.53%) Ethereum
11 24 (0.53%) Jupyter
12 22 (0.49%) Hyperledger
13 20 (0.44%) WordPress
14 12 (0.27%) GlassFish
14 12 (0.27%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.24%) IIS
16 9 (0.20%) Apache Airflow
17 8 (0.18%) nginx
Applications
1 77 (1.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (1.29%) Chatbot
3 37 (0.82%) GNU Octave
4 32 (0.71%) SPSS
5 29 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 27 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
7 21 (0.47%) MS Visio
8 18 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
8 18 (0.40%) Photoshop
9 8 (0.18%) RoboHelp
10 6 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
11 5 (0.11%) Stata
12 2 (0.044%) CPLEX
12 2 (0.044%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.022%) Mingle
13 1 (0.022%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.022%) Weka
Business Applications
1 14 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.18%) Ripple
3 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.089%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.089%) Oracle Receivables
5 4 (0.089%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
5 4 (0.089%) SAP Retail
6 3 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.066%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 3 (0.066%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.044%) JDE OneWorld
7 2 (0.044%) SAP MDG
7 2 (0.044%) Unica
8 1 (0.022%) Actimize
8 1 (0.022%) Magento
8 1 (0.022%) Oracle AML
8 1 (0.022%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 804 (17.82%) Amazon AWS
2 578 (12.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 193 (4.28%) Google Cloud Platform
4 132 (2.92%) Cloud Computing
5 116 (2.57%) Serverless
6 115 (2.55%) GitHub
6 115 (2.55%) SaaS
7 107 (2.37%) Azure Data Factory
8 82 (1.82%) Amazon S3
8 82 (1.82%) PaaS
9 67 (1.48%) Azure Machine Learning
10 56 (1.24%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
11 51 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
12 49 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
12 49 (1.09%) IaaS
13 40 (0.89%) Amazon Kinesis
14 34 (0.75%) Amazon EMR
15 31 (0.69%) Google Analytics
16 28 (0.62%) Office 365
17 24 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 79 (1.75%) HTTP
2 66 (1.46%) Internet
3 24 (0.53%) Sourcefire
4 23 (0.51%) Firewall
5 19 (0.42%) WebEx
6 17 (0.38%) Network Security
7 16 (0.35%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 12 (0.27%) Bluetooth
8 12 (0.27%) DNS
9 11 (0.24%) Skype
9 11 (0.24%) SMS
10 10 (0.22%) NFC
10 10 (0.22%) VPN
11 9 (0.20%) Intranet
11 9 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
12 8 (0.18%) Software-Defined Networking
13 6 (0.13%) DAB
13 6 (0.13%) Intrusion Detection
13 6 (0.13%) SSL
13 6 (0.13%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,341 (29.71%) Big Data
2 718 (15.91%) Hadoop
3 538 (11.92%) NoSQL
4 301 (6.67%) MongoDB
5 257 (5.69%) Data Warehouse
6 251 (5.56%) Apache Hive
7 243 (5.38%) Power BI
8 232 (5.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 229 (5.07%) PostgreSQL
10 225 (4.99%) Data Mining
11 221 (4.90%) SQL Server
12 197 (4.37%) Relational Database
13 190 (4.21%) Blockchain
14 181 (4.01%) Data Lake
15 149 (3.30%) MySQL
16 120 (2.66%) Azure SQL Database
17 114 (2.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 113 (2.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 102 (2.26%) HBase
20 94 (2.08%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 465 (10.30%) Git (software)
2 230 (5.10%) Jenkins
3 97 (2.15%) Maven
4 95 (2.11%) Visual Studio
5 80 (1.77%) Selenium
6 73 (1.62%) JUnit
7 66 (1.46%) JIRA
8 64 (1.42%) Subversion
9 57 (1.26%) Cucumber
10 56 (1.24%) Gradle
11 50 (1.11%) TeamCity
12 36 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 32 (0.71%) SoapUI
14 26 (0.58%) Mockito
15 24 (0.53%) GitLab
16 23 (0.51%) gulp
17 22 (0.49%) CircleCI
17 22 (0.49%) Vagrant
18 21 (0.47%) Octopus Deploy
19 20 (0.44%) JMeter
General
1 875 (19.39%) Finance
2 304 (6.74%) Banking
3 287 (6.36%) Marketing
4 259 (5.74%) Retail
5 152 (3.37%) Games
6 144 (3.19%) Advertising
7 122 (2.70%) Electronics
8 120 (2.66%) Telecoms
9 104 (2.30%) Investment Banking
10 100 (2.22%) Financial Institution
11 90 (1.99%) Manufacturing
12 85 (1.88%) Law
13 73 (1.62%) Publishing
14 67 (1.48%) Front Office
15 41 (0.91%) Military
16 33 (0.73%) Retail Banking
17 31 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
18 27 (0.60%) Automotive
19 20 (0.44%) Legal
20 15 (0.33%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,233 (27.32%) Developer
2 815 (18.06%) Data Scientist
3 422 (9.35%) Software Engineer
4 302 (6.69%) Java Developer
5 263 (5.83%) Data Engineer
6 253 (5.61%) Senior Data Scientist
7 231 (5.12%) Python Developer
8 230 (5.10%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 215 (4.76%) Architect
10 211 (4.68%) Consultant
11 204 (4.52%) Senior Developer
12 187 (4.14%) Graduate
13 166 (3.68%) Python Engineer
14 165 (3.66%) Software Developer
15 159 (3.52%) Analyst
16 147 (3.26%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 118 (2.61%) Full Stack Developer
17 118 (2.61%) Machine Learning Developer
18 117 (2.59%) Lead Developer
19 116 (2.57%) Machine Learning Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 659 (14.60%) Natural Language Processing
2 461 (10.21%) TensorFlow
3 340 (7.53%) AngularJS
4 320 (7.09%) HTML
5 316 (7.00%) React
6 309 (6.85%) CSS
7 307 (6.80%) Node.js
8 298 (6.60%) Web Services
9 280 (6.20%) RESTful
10 275 (6.09%) .NET
11 267 (5.92%) Kafka
12 166 (3.68%) scikit-learn
13 159 (3.52%) NumPy
14 158 (3.50%) Pandas
14 158 (3.50%) REST
15 146 (3.24%) Spring
16 137 (3.04%) Keras
17 134 (2.97%) HTML5
18 119 (2.64%) Django
19 117 (2.59%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 1,059 (23.47%) Algorithms
2 959 (21.25%) Computer Science
3 467 (10.35%) Analytical Skills
4 342 (7.58%) Fintech
5 239 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
6 207 (4.59%) User Experience
7 196 (4.34%) Data Structures
8 195 (4.32%) Robotics
9 117 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
10 74 (1.64%) Hedge funds
11 70 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
12 68 (1.51%) Cyberthreat
12 68 (1.51%) Social Media
13 62 (1.37%) Mobile App
14 48 (1.06%) Equities
15 47 (1.04%) Life Science
16 39 (0.86%) Management Information System
17 38 (0.84%) Virtual Team
18 37 (0.82%) Smart City
19 35 (0.78%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 699 (15.49%) Linux
2 153 (3.39%) Windows
3 106 (2.35%) Unix
4 73 (1.62%) Android
5 71 (1.57%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.35%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.27%) CentOS
7 12 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
8 7 (0.16%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
9 6 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.11%) CoreOS
10 5 (0.11%) Debian
10 5 (0.11%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.089%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.089%) Solaris
11 4 (0.089%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.066%) Fedora
13 2 (0.044%) AIX
13 2 (0.044%) VyOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,748 (38.73%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,648 (36.52%) Data Science
3 1,278 (28.32%) Analytics
4 1,167 (25.86%) Agile Software Development
5 967 (21.43%) Software Engineering
6 859 (19.03%) Mathematics
7 767 (17.00%) Deep Learning
8 532 (11.79%) Statistics
9 516 (11.43%) Visualisation
10 490 (10.86%) DevOps
11 480 (10.64%) Business Intelligence
12 459 (10.17%) TDD
13 457 (10.13%) Problem-Solving
14 453 (10.04%) Data Analytics
15 407 (9.02%) Neural Network
16 389 (8.62%) Data Analysis
17 371 (8.22%) Microservices
18 354 (7.84%) Scrum
19 344 (7.62%) Data Visualisation
20 341 (7.56%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 2,418 (53.58%) Python
2 1,482 (32.84%) Java
3 1,217 (26.97%) SQL
4 985 (21.83%) C++
5 796 (17.64%) R
6 737 (16.33%) JavaScript
7 653 (14.47%) C#
8 475 (10.53%) Scala
9 464 (10.28%) C
10 246 (5.45%) MATLAB
11 147 (3.26%) Ruby
12 138 (3.06%) Go
13 102 (2.26%) Shell Script
14 95 (2.11%) PHP
15 93 (2.06%) Bash Shell
16 78 (1.73%) Java 8
17 66 (1.46%) ES6
18 56 (1.24%) TypeScript
19 52 (1.15%) Perl
20 51 (1.13%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 953 (21.12%) Degree
2 754 (16.71%) PhD
3 255 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
4 131 (2.90%) Numerate Degree
5 97 (2.15%) Master's Degree
6 73 (1.62%) Security Cleared
7 48 (1.06%) SC Cleared
8 33 (0.73%) CISSP
9 29 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
10 26 (0.58%) CEH
10 26 (0.58%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.58%) GCIH
11 24 (0.53%) OSCP
12 15 (0.33%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
14 8 (0.18%) MBA
15 6 (0.13%) MCSA
15 6 (0.13%) MCSE
16 5 (0.11%) ISEB
16 5 (0.11%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (3.63%) QA
2 64 (1.42%) GCP
3 47 (1.04%) Data Quality
4 32 (0.71%) GDPR
5 25 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.24%) GPG13
7 7 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
7 7 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.13%) SLA
9 5 (0.11%) IEC 61508
9 5 (0.11%) ISO 26262
9 5 (0.11%) MISRA
9 5 (0.11%) MISRA C
9 5 (0.11%) PMO
10 2 (0.044%) COBIT
10 2 (0.044%) COSO
10 2 (0.044%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.022%) DICOM
11 1 (0.022%) HL7
System Software
1 453 (10.04%) Docker
2 138 (3.06%) HDFS
3 64 (1.42%) Apache Flume
4 42 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.53%) Snort
6 21 (0.47%) Active Directory
7 20 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
8 19 (0.42%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.18%) Lustre
10 4 (0.089%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.044%) Firmware
11 2 (0.044%) GlusterFS
11 2 (0.044%) iptables
11 2 (0.044%) LXC
11 2 (0.044%) XenApp
11 2 (0.044%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.022%) Ceph
12 1 (0.022%) KVM
12 1 (0.022%) QEMU
12 1 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 231 (5.12%) Kubernetes
2 123 (2.73%) Ansible
3 100 (2.22%) Puppet
4 87 (1.93%) Opscode Chef
5 71 (1.57%) Terraform
6 45 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
7 37 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
8 35 (0.78%) Mesos
9 30 (0.66%) Prometheus
10 24 (0.53%) Suricata
11 18 (0.40%) Kibana
12 17 (0.38%) Oozie
13 14 (0.31%) Grafana
14 12 (0.27%) QRadar
15 11 (0.24%) Salt
16 8 (0.18%) Rancher
17 7 (0.16%) logstash
18 6 (0.13%) Packer
19 4 (0.089%) Nagios
20 3 (0.066%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 338 (7.49%) Microsoft
2 296 (6.56%) Google
3 289 (6.40%) Tableau
4 172 (3.81%) Oracle
5 91 (2.02%) SAP
6 90 (1.99%) Cloudera
7 76 (1.68%) Hortonworks
8 42 (0.93%) Facebook
9 38 (0.84%) MapR
10 37 (0.82%) Databricks
11 36 (0.80%) Sybase
12 33 (0.73%) IBM
12 33 (0.73%) Splunk
13 30 (0.66%) Adobe
14 27 (0.60%) Cisco
15 25 (0.55%) VMware
16 24 (0.53%) Apple
16 24 (0.53%) TippingPoint
17 22 (0.49%) Cognos
18 21 (0.47%) Twitter