Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 107 162 310
Rank change year-on-year +55 +148 +165
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,513 3,738 1,845
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 2.17% 1.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.26% 2.37% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 3,697 3,166 1,617
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -4.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £33,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £96,250 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 138,253 157,812 160,722
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.69% 91.80% 91.34%
Number of salaries quoted 109,025 127,041 132,889
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,979 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 4,286 £65,000 +4.00% 753
London +49 2,671 £72,500 +11.54% 406
UK excluding London +44 1,738 £55,000 +4.76% 383
South East +96 588 £55,000 - 103
East of England +10 387 £57,500 - 103
South West +52 273 £52,500 +2.44% 48
North of England -6 216 £49,337 -3.26% 53
Midlands +33 144 £47,500 +11.76% 41
North West -60 112 £45,000 -10.00% 36
Scotland -30 95 £51,250 +2.50% 20
East Midlands +42 81 £47,500 +5.56% 23
Yorkshire +70 78 £50,000 -9.09% 11
West Midlands +17 63 £42,500 +3.03% 18
North East +34 26 £49,337 -50.66% 6
Wales +19 26 £55,000 +57.14% 7
Northern Ireland -11 12 £42,500 +4.29% 9

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,519 (55.82%) Python
2 2,043 (45.27%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,577 (34.94%) Data Science
4 1,437 (31.84%) Java
5 1,316 (29.16%) Analytics
6 1,286 (28.50%) Big Data
7 1,250 (27.70%) Agile Software Development
8 1,186 (26.28%) SQL
9 1,095 (24.26%) Software Engineering
10 973 (21.56%) Algorithms
11 948 (21.01%) Amazon AWS
12 919 (20.36%) C++
13 861 (19.08%) Degree
14 848 (18.79%) Finance
15 838 (18.57%) Mathematics
16 774 (17.15%) R
17 761 (16.86%) Apache Spark
18 756 (16.75%) Computer Science
19 748 (16.57%) Deep Learning
20 734 (16.26%) Hadoop
21 726 (16.09%) Linux
22 717 (15.89%) JavaScript
23 681 (15.09%) C#
23 681 (15.09%) Microsoft Azure
24 631 (13.98%) PhD
25 594 (13.16%) DevOps
26 583 (12.92%) Natural Language Processing
27 555 (12.30%) Visualisation
27 555 (12.30%) Statistics
28 514 (11.39%) NoSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 761 (16.86%) Apache Spark
2 242 (5.36%) Apache
3 181 (4.01%) Elasticsearch
4 144 (3.19%) SAS
5 92 (2.04%) Apache Pig
6 39 (0.86%) Tomcat
7 37 (0.82%) Apache Solr
8 34 (0.75%) CMS
9 21 (0.47%) Jupyter
10 20 (0.44%) GlassFish
11 19 (0.42%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.40%) Confluence
13 17 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
14 15 (0.33%) OpenStack
15 14 (0.31%) Ethereum
15 14 (0.31%) MS Exchange
16 13 (0.29%) Hyperledger
17 9 (0.20%) IIS
18 7 (0.16%) Luigi
19 6 (0.13%) Kinematics
Applications
1 74 (1.64%) Chatbot
2 52 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 35 (0.78%) GNU Octave
5 32 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
6 30 (0.66%) SPSS
7 24 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
8 23 (0.51%) Photoshop
9 12 (0.27%) Snapchat
10 11 (0.24%) Stata
11 9 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.11%) RoboHelp
13 4 (0.089%) Simulink
14 3 (0.066%) CPLEX
14 3 (0.066%) MS Visio
15 2 (0.044%) Microsoft Project
15 2 (0.044%) S-PLUS
15 2 (0.044%) Weka
16 1 (0.022%) Maya
16 1 (0.022%) MotionBuilder
Business Applications
1 22 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.089%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.089%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.066%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.044%) FastStats
6 2 (0.044%) Magento
7 1 (0.022%) BigMachines
7 1 (0.022%) SAP IBP
7 1 (0.022%) SAP MDG
7 1 (0.022%) SAP MDM
7 1 (0.022%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 948 (21.01%) Amazon AWS
2 681 (15.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 379 (8.40%) Google Cloud Platform
4 122 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
5 120 (2.66%) GitHub
5 120 (2.66%) Serverless
6 109 (2.42%) SaaS
7 80 (1.77%) PaaS
8 74 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
9 65 (1.44%) Amazon S3
10 58 (1.29%) Azure Machine Learning
11 57 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
12 50 (1.11%) Amazon SQS
13 43 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
14 35 (0.78%) Data Lake Analytics
15 34 (0.75%) Azure Data Factory
16 29 (0.64%) Google Analytics
17 26 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
18 24 (0.53%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
18 24 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 57 (1.26%) Internet
2 51 (1.13%) HTTP
3 27 (0.60%) WebEx
4 24 (0.53%) Firewall
5 16 (0.35%) Skype
6 13 (0.29%) VPN
7 12 (0.27%) Software-Defined Networking
8 10 (0.22%) Broadband
8 10 (0.22%) SAN
8 10 (0.22%) WAN
9 9 (0.20%) Network Security
9 9 (0.20%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 7 (0.16%) Sourcefire
11 6 (0.13%) BGP
11 6 (0.13%) MPLS
11 6 (0.13%) MQTT
11 6 (0.13%) PPP
11 6 (0.13%) Wireless
12 5 (0.11%) DNS
12 5 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,286 (28.50%) Big Data
2 734 (16.26%) Hadoop
3 514 (11.39%) NoSQL
4 311 (6.89%) Apache Hive
5 277 (6.14%) Data Warehouse
6 241 (5.34%) Data Mining
7 239 (5.30%) MongoDB
8 219 (4.85%) Apache Cassandra
9 218 (4.83%) Relational Database
10 213 (4.72%) SQL Server
11 190 (4.21%) PostgreSQL
12 189 (4.19%) HBase
13 173 (3.83%) Power BI
14 158 (3.50%) MySQL
15 141 (3.12%) Data Lake
16 134 (2.97%) Blockchain
17 115 (2.55%) QlikView
18 97 (2.15%) Amazon Redshift
19 84 (1.86%) RDBMS
20 81 (1.79%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 439 (9.73%) Git (software)
2 191 (4.23%) Jenkins
3 98 (2.17%) Selenium
4 95 (2.11%) Maven
5 79 (1.75%) Visual Studio
6 71 (1.57%) Subversion
7 68 (1.51%) JIRA
8 66 (1.46%) Gradle
9 53 (1.17%) Eclipse
10 52 (1.15%) JUnit
11 46 (1.02%) SoapUI
12 38 (0.84%) Eclipse RCP
12 38 (0.84%) JMeter
13 34 (0.75%) Cucumber
14 31 (0.69%) TeamCity
15 28 (0.62%) Ant
16 27 (0.60%) webpack
17 25 (0.55%) Bitbucket
17 25 (0.55%) CircleCI
18 24 (0.53%) git-flow
General
1 848 (18.79%) Finance
2 333 (7.38%) Banking
3 262 (5.81%) Retail
4 239 (5.30%) Law
4 239 (5.30%) Marketing
5 163 (3.61%) Games
6 152 (3.37%) Military
7 101 (2.24%) Publishing
8 85 (1.88%) Telecoms
9 78 (1.73%) Manufacturing
10 68 (1.51%) Electronics
11 66 (1.46%) Investment Banking
12 63 (1.40%) Advertising
13 61 (1.35%) Pharmaceutical
14 36 (0.80%) Retail Banking
15 33 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 31 (0.69%) Legal
17 23 (0.51%) Automotive
18 17 (0.38%) Front Office
19 16 (0.35%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 1,137 (25.19%) Developer
2 759 (16.82%) Data Scientist
3 435 (9.64%) Software Engineer
4 319 (7.07%) Data Engineer
5 274 (6.07%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 255 (5.65%) Architect
7 245 (5.43%) Python Developer
8 240 (5.32%) Senior Developer
9 234 (5.19%) Java Developer
10 220 (4.87%) Senior Data Scientist
11 207 (4.59%) Consultant
12 206 (4.56%) Python Engineer
13 184 (4.08%) Analyst
14 170 (3.77%) Software Developer
15 141 (3.12%) Graduate
15 141 (3.12%) Junior
16 140 (3.10%) Machine Learning Developer
17 130 (2.88%) Big Data Engineer
18 123 (2.73%) Full Stack Developer
19 119 (2.64%) Machine Learning Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 583 (12.92%) Natural Language Processing
2 417 (9.24%) TensorFlow
3 351 (7.78%) HTML
4 331 (7.33%) React
5 322 (7.13%) CSS
6 303 (6.71%) Kafka
7 297 (6.58%) .NET
8 296 (6.56%) AngularJS
9 283 (6.27%) Node.js
10 191 (4.23%) Web Services
11 186 (4.12%) Spring
12 173 (3.83%) scikit-learn
13 160 (3.55%) RESTful
14 159 (3.52%) REST
15 154 (3.41%) Pandas
16 138 (3.06%) NumPy
17 130 (2.88%) Django
17 130 (2.88%) JSON
18 117 (2.59%) HTML5
19 110 (2.44%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 973 (21.56%) Algorithms
2 486 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
3 307 (6.80%) Fintech
4 215 (4.76%) Robotics
5 188 (4.17%) Greenfield Project
6 177 (3.92%) Data Structures
7 152 (3.37%) User Experience
8 101 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
9 81 (1.79%) Mobile App
10 76 (1.68%) Social Media
11 69 (1.53%) Hedge funds
12 64 (1.42%) Virtual Team
13 59 (1.31%) Management Information System
14 53 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
15 44 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 44 (0.97%) Life Science
16 39 (0.86%) Equities
17 37 (0.82%) Cloud Native
18 33 (0.73%) Internet of Things
19 30 (0.66%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 726 (16.09%) Linux
2 189 (4.19%) Windows
3 172 (3.81%) Unix
4 107 (2.37%) Android
5 76 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.29%) CentOS
9 12 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
10 11 (0.24%) Mac OS
11 10 (0.22%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.11%) Debian
13 4 (0.089%) Fedora
14 2 (0.044%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.044%) DC/OS
14 2 (0.044%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1 (0.022%) AIX
15 1 (0.022%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,043 (45.27%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,577 (34.94%) Data Science
3 1,316 (29.16%) Analytics
4 1,250 (27.70%) Agile Software Development
5 1,095 (24.26%) Software Engineering
6 838 (18.57%) Mathematics
7 756 (16.75%) Computer Science
8 748 (16.57%) Deep Learning
9 594 (13.16%) DevOps
10 555 (12.30%) Statistics
10 555 (12.30%) Visualisation
11 464 (10.28%) Business Intelligence
12 440 (9.75%) Neural Network
13 424 (9.40%) Data Analysis
14 403 (8.93%) Data Analytics
15 384 (8.51%) Problem-Solving
16 332 (7.36%) Physics
17 329 (7.29%) Microservices
18 328 (7.27%) ETL
19 327 (7.25%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,519 (55.82%) Python
2 1,437 (31.84%) Java
3 1,186 (26.28%) SQL
4 919 (20.36%) C++
5 774 (17.15%) R
6 717 (15.89%) JavaScript
7 681 (15.09%) C#
8 477 (10.57%) C
9 435 (9.64%) Scala
10 251 (5.56%) MATLAB
11 181 (4.01%) Go
12 123 (2.73%) Java 8
13 107 (2.37%) Ruby
14 103 (2.28%) Bash Shell
15 80 (1.77%) ES6
15 80 (1.77%) TypeScript
16 70 (1.55%) Shell Script
17 67 (1.48%) PHP
18 54 (1.20%) T-SQL
19 50 (1.11%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 861 (19.08%) Degree
2 631 (13.98%) PhD
3 195 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 112 (2.48%) MPhil
5 98 (2.17%) Numerate Degree
6 90 (1.99%) Master's Degree
7 67 (1.48%) Security Cleared
8 46 (1.02%) SC Cleared
9 38 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
10 27 (0.60%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.47%) Postgraduate
12 15 (0.33%) CISSP
12 15 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
13 14 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
14 10 (0.22%) MBA
15 9 (0.20%) CEH
16 8 (0.18%) GCIH
16 8 (0.18%) MCSA
16 8 (0.18%) PMI Certification
16 8 (0.18%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (3.63%) QA
2 113 (2.50%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.66%) GDPR
4 15 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.22%) PMO
7 9 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
8 6 (0.13%) COBIT
8 6 (0.13%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.066%) GPG13
9 3 (0.066%) IFRS
9 3 (0.066%) MiFID
9 3 (0.066%) SLA
10 2 (0.044%) COSO
11 1 (0.022%) Basel III
11 1 (0.022%) EMIR
11 1 (0.022%) SEPA
System Software
1 488 (10.81%) Docker
2 108 (2.39%) HDFS
3 62 (1.37%) Apache Flume
4 34 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 32 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 23 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
7 22 (0.49%) VirtualBox
7 22 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
8 12 (0.27%) Lustre
9 10 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
10 9 (0.20%) Xen
11 8 (0.18%) Snort
12 7 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.066%) Firmware
13 3 (0.066%) GlusterFS
14 2 (0.044%) etcd
15 1 (0.022%) Ceph
15 1 (0.022%) KVM
15 1 (0.022%) LXC
15 1 (0.022%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 293 (6.49%) Kubernetes
2 127 (2.81%) Ansible
3 126 (2.79%) Terraform
4 89 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
5 85 (1.88%) Oozie
5 85 (1.88%) Puppet
6 33 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
7 28 (0.62%) Mesos
7 28 (0.62%) Prometheus
8 26 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
9 25 (0.55%) Nagios
10 18 (0.40%) Packer
11 14 (0.31%) Consul
12 13 (0.29%) Ambari
13 11 (0.24%) Kibana
14 9 (0.20%) Grafana
14 9 (0.20%) logstash
14 9 (0.20%) Salt
14 9 (0.20%) vCenter Server
15 8 (0.18%) Graphite
Vendors
1 353 (7.82%) Google
2 294 (6.51%) Microsoft
3 268 (5.94%) Tableau
4 162 (3.59%) Oracle
5 143 (3.17%) Cloudera
6 80 (1.77%) Hortonworks
7 79 (1.75%) SAP
8 60 (1.33%) IBM
9 57 (1.26%) Splunk
10 35 (0.78%) Databricks
11 34 (0.75%) Adobe
12 28 (0.62%) Cisco
12 28 (0.62%) MapR
13 25 (0.55%) Talend
14 24 (0.53%) Apple
15 23 (0.51%) Blue Prism
15 23 (0.51%) Informatica
15 23 (0.51%) VMware
16 22 (0.49%) Alteryx
17 21 (0.47%) Facebook