Period
to 20 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 101 104 147
Rank change year-on-year +3 +43 +156
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 3,850 4,713 4,173
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.11% 3.11% 2.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.38% 3.38% 2.56%
Number of salaries quoted 3,116 3,811 3,545
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £100,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,779 139,575 163,077
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.93% 92.20% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 90,201 110,131 132,360
UK median annual salary £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,882 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 20 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 3,638 £67,500 +3.85% 716
London +4 2,292 £77,500 +6.90% 378
UK excluding London +9 1,493 £52,500 -4.55% 390
South East +8 498 £55,000 - 99
North of England +74 277 £52,500 +5.00% 65
South West +23 273 £50,000 - 61
North West +92 177 £52,500 +16.67% 32
East of England -58 156 £59,000 -1.67% 85
Midlands +34 136 £52,500 +23.53% 29
Scotland +47 117 £50,000 +11.11% 40
West Midlands +37 85 £52,500 +20.00% 22
Yorkshire +32 70 £55,000 - 16
East Midlands +16 51 £50,000 +25.00% 7
North East +18 31 £47,825 -3.06% 17
Wales -7 30 £42,000 -23.64% 2
Northern Ireland +15 6 £65,000 +52.94% 8
Channel Islands - 5 £65,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 February 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,925 (50.00%) Python
2 1,756 (45.61%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,373 (35.66%) Data Science
4 1,241 (32.23%) AWS
5 1,237 (32.13%) Analytics
6 1,207 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
7 1,124 (29.19%) SQL
8 1,038 (26.96%) Java
9 946 (24.57%) Software Engineering
10 930 (24.16%) Big Data
11 839 (21.79%) Finance
12 813 (21.12%) Azure
13 808 (20.99%) Degree
14 746 (19.38%) JavaScript
15 662 (17.19%) C#
16 655 (17.01%) Computer Science
17 630 (16.36%) R
18 593 (15.40%) DevOps
19 573 (14.88%) Algorithms
20 546 (14.18%) Docker
21 491 (12.75%) Apache Spark
22 484 (12.57%) Mathematics
23 480 (12.47%) Microservices
24 477 (12.39%) .NET
25 465 (12.08%) Deep Learning
26 462 (12.00%) GCP
27 452 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
28 450 (11.69%) Mentoring
29 448 (11.64%) C++
30 441 (11.45%) Data Analytics

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 491 (12.75%) Apache Spark
2 201 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 107 (2.78%) Apache
4 61 (1.58%) SAS
5 59 (1.53%) Apache Airflow
6 54 (1.40%) Jupyter
7 34 (0.88%) CMS
8 33 (0.86%) Apache Solr
9 32 (0.83%) WebSphere
10 31 (0.81%) Confluence
11 30 (0.78%) Luigi
12 29 (0.75%) OpenStack
12 29 (0.75%) Tornado
13 20 (0.52%) ArcGIS
14 19 (0.49%) Apache Pig
15 18 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
16 16 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 13 (0.34%) nginx
17 13 (0.34%) SharePoint
18 10 (0.26%) IIS
Applications
1 50 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (1.06%) Chatbot
2 41 (1.06%) SPSS
3 11 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.23%) Simulink
5 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.16%) Stateflow
7 5 (0.13%) Gephi
7 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.13%) Stata
8 4 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.10%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.052%) Acrobat
9 2 (0.052%) InDesign
10 1 (0.026%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.026%) EViews
10 1 (0.026%) InVision
10 1 (0.026%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.026%) Weka
Business Applications
1 79 (2.05%) PolarLake
2 76 (1.97%) Eagle PACE
2 76 (1.97%) Markit EDM
3 10 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
4 6 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.10%) FastStats
6 4 (0.10%) Tesseract
7 3 (0.078%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.052%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.052%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.026%) Maximo
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.026%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,241 (32.23%) AWS
2 813 (21.12%) Azure
3 462 (12.00%) GCP
4 201 (5.22%) SaaS
5 160 (4.16%) Power Platform
6 128 (3.32%) Serverless
7 103 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
8 86 (2.23%) Azure Machine Learning
9 80 (2.08%) Amazon S3
10 73 (1.90%) Amazon ECS
11 70 (1.82%) PaaS
12 69 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
13 56 (1.45%) Amazon Kinesis
14 53 (1.38%) Azure Data Factory
15 51 (1.32%) GitHub
16 50 (1.30%) Amazon SageMaker
17 49 (1.27%) Amazon SQS
18 48 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
19 40 (1.04%) IaaS
20 35 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 55 (1.43%) Internet
2 26 (0.68%) Firewall
3 22 (0.57%) Software-Defined Networking
4 19 (0.49%) TCP/IP
5 18 (0.47%) DNS
5 18 (0.47%) HTTP
6 11 (0.29%) DMZ
7 10 (0.26%) Wireshark
8 9 (0.23%) Ethernet
9 8 (0.21%) SSL
9 8 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
10 7 (0.18%) Bluetooth
10 7 (0.18%) VPN
11 6 (0.16%) MPLS
12 5 (0.13%) Network Security
13 4 (0.10%) Skype
13 4 (0.10%) Wireless
14 3 (0.078%) FlexRay
14 3 (0.078%) Intrusion Detection
14 3 (0.078%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 930 (24.16%) Big Data
2 421 (10.94%) NoSQL
3 417 (10.83%) Hadoop
4 290 (7.53%) SQL Server
5 220 (5.71%) Data Warehouse
5 220 (5.71%) MongoDB
6 215 (5.58%) MySQL
7 212 (5.51%) PostgreSQL
8 175 (4.55%) Relational Database
9 164 (4.26%) Redis
10 159 (4.13%) Power BI
11 151 (3.92%) Amazon Redshift
12 147 (3.82%) Data Mining
13 140 (3.64%) Data Lake
14 134 (3.48%) Apache Hive
15 106 (2.75%) Apache Cassandra
16 100 (2.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 85 (2.21%) BigQuery
17 85 (2.21%) Cosmos DB
18 80 (2.08%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 313 (8.13%) Git (software)
2 187 (4.86%) Jenkins
3 157 (4.08%) JIRA
4 84 (2.18%) Selenium
5 58 (1.51%) TeamCity
6 54 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
7 51 (1.32%) Maven
8 41 (1.06%) MSBuild
9 39 (1.01%) JUnit
10 35 (0.91%) Cucumber
11 27 (0.70%) WebDriver
12 26 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 25 (0.65%) Visual Studio
14 23 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
15 22 (0.57%) CircleCI
16 21 (0.55%) webpack
17 19 (0.49%) Bitbucket
17 19 (0.49%) GitLab
18 17 (0.44%) Bitbucket Server
19 16 (0.42%) Jasmine
General
1 839 (21.79%) Finance
2 299 (7.77%) Front Office
3 273 (7.09%) Banking
4 228 (5.92%) Marketing
5 164 (4.26%) Retail
6 113 (2.94%) Back Office
7 85 (2.21%) Law
8 76 (1.97%) Games
9 69 (1.79%) Public Sector
10 61 (1.58%) Legal
11 53 (1.38%) Telecoms
12 50 (1.30%) Advertising
13 47 (1.22%) Electronics
14 42 (1.09%) Investment Banking
15 40 (1.04%) Manufacturing
16 37 (0.96%) Billing
17 36 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
18 35 (0.91%) Military
19 33 (0.86%) Automotive
20 28 (0.73%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 964 (25.04%) Developer
2 590 (15.32%) Data Scientist
3 399 (10.36%) Software Engineer
4 315 (8.18%) Architect
5 259 (6.73%) Data Engineer
6 216 (5.61%) Java Developer
7 209 (5.43%) Senior Data Scientist
8 204 (5.30%) Analyst
9 176 (4.57%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 173 (4.49%) Senior Developer
11 154 (4.00%) .NET Developer
12 145 (3.77%) Python Engineer
13 132 (3.43%) Software Developer
14 131 (3.40%) Python Developer
15 117 (3.04%) Data Architect
16 111 (2.88%) C# Developer
16 111 (2.88%) Senior Software Engineer
17 99 (2.57%) Solutions Architect
18 97 (2.52%) Data Manager
19 94 (2.44%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 477 (12.39%) .NET
2 431 (11.19%) React
3 420 (10.91%) Natural Language Processing
4 412 (10.70%) Web Services
5 326 (8.47%) AngularJS
6 307 (7.97%) TensorFlow
7 303 (7.87%) Node.js
8 261 (6.78%) HTML
9 244 (6.34%) CSS
10 226 (5.87%) Kafka
11 218 (5.66%) ASP.NET
12 200 (5.19%) scikit-learn
13 194 (5.04%) .NET Core
14 178 (4.62%) Spring
15 152 (3.95%) Pandas
16 145 (3.77%) RESTful
17 119 (3.09%) PyTorch
18 117 (3.04%) Keras
19 110 (2.86%) REST
20 96 (2.49%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 573 (14.88%) Algorithms
2 452 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
3 246 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
4 209 (5.43%) Hedge funds
5 188 (4.88%) User Experience
6 168 (4.36%) Equities
7 166 (4.31%) Fixed Income
8 163 (4.23%) Derivative
9 130 (3.38%) Reference Data
10 114 (2.96%) Robotics
11 91 (2.36%) Blog
12 90 (2.34%) Cloud Native
13 83 (2.16%) Data Structures
14 61 (1.58%) Management Information System
15 58 (1.51%) Mobile App
16 51 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 46 (1.19%) Virtual Team
18 39 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
19 38 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
20 35 (0.91%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 359 (9.32%) Linux
2 136 (3.53%) Windows
3 78 (2.03%) Unix
4 44 (1.14%) Android
5 36 (0.94%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.47%) CentOS
6 18 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 10 (0.26%) Windows 7
8 7 (0.18%) VMS
9 6 (0.16%) Debian
10 5 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.078%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.078%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.052%) Robot Operating System
12 2 (0.052%) Solaris
13 1 (0.026%) AIX
13 1 (0.026%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,756 (45.61%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,373 (35.66%) Data Science
3 1,237 (32.13%) Analytics
4 1,207 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
5 946 (24.57%) Software Engineering
6 655 (17.01%) Computer Science
7 593 (15.40%) DevOps
8 484 (12.57%) Mathematics
9 480 (12.47%) Microservices
10 465 (12.08%) Deep Learning
11 450 (11.69%) Mentoring
12 441 (11.45%) Data Analytics
13 405 (10.52%) Visualisation
14 384 (9.97%) Statistics
15 372 (9.66%) Business Intelligence
16 339 (8.81%) Scrum
17 322 (8.36%) Data Analysis
18 316 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
19 287 (7.45%) Asset Management
20 285 (7.40%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,925 (50.00%) Python
2 1,124 (29.19%) SQL
3 1,038 (26.96%) Java
4 746 (19.38%) JavaScript
5 662 (17.19%) C#
6 630 (16.36%) R
7 448 (11.64%) C++
8 343 (8.91%) Scala
9 212 (5.51%) C
10 193 (5.01%) TypeScript
11 120 (3.12%) MATLAB
12 119 (3.09%) Go
13 110 (2.86%) Java 8
14 80 (2.08%) Bash Shell
15 79 (2.05%) F#
16 67 (1.74%) PHP
16 67 (1.74%) Ruby
17 62 (1.61%) PowerShell
18 53 (1.38%) Kotlin
19 42 (1.09%) Perl
Qualifications
1 808 (20.99%) Degree
2 335 (8.70%) PhD
3 213 (5.53%) Computer Science Degree
4 192 (4.99%) Security Cleared
5 109 (2.83%) DV Cleared
6 90 (2.34%) Master's Degree
7 86 (2.23%) SC Cleared
8 80 (2.08%) Numerate Degree
9 28 (0.73%) MBA
10 12 (0.31%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.29%) Postgraduate
12 10 (0.26%) ISTQB
12 10 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
13 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.18%) CISSP
14 7 (0.18%) ISEB
15 5 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
15 5 (0.13%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.10%) CCNA
16 4 (0.10%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (4.36%) QA
2 116 (3.01%) Data Quality
3 18 (0.47%) SLA
4 16 (0.42%) Actionable Recommendations
5 11 (0.29%) GDPR
6 10 (0.26%) PMO
7 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.13%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.078%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.078%) MISRA
8 3 (0.078%) NIST
9 2 (0.052%) IFRS
9 2 (0.052%) IFRS 9
9 2 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.026%) DICOM
10 1 (0.026%) EMIR
10 1 (0.026%) MiFID
10 1 (0.026%) SEPA
System Software
1 546 (14.18%) Docker
2 35 (0.91%) HDFS
3 29 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 22 (0.57%) Apache Flume
5 20 (0.52%) Firmware
6 18 (0.47%) IAG
7 15 (0.39%) VirtualBox
8 14 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
9 9 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
10 5 (0.13%) Active Directory
11 2 (0.052%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.052%) vSphere
12 1 (0.026%) Btrfs
12 1 (0.026%) Corosync
12 1 (0.026%) Cronacle
12 1 (0.026%) DRBD
12 1 (0.026%) NFS
12 1 (0.026%) vCloud
12 1 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 371 (9.64%) Kubernetes
2 209 (5.43%) Terraform
3 151 (3.92%) Ansible
4 83 (2.16%) Puppet
5 56 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (1.04%) Oozie
7 35 (0.91%) Istio
8 32 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
9 26 (0.68%) Kibana
10 20 (0.52%) Salt
11 19 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
12 17 (0.44%) Prometheus
13 15 (0.39%) Kubeflow
14 14 (0.36%) linkerd
14 14 (0.36%) Packer
15 11 (0.29%) Mesos
16 10 (0.26%) Grafana
17 9 (0.23%) SCCM
18 7 (0.18%) Consul
18 7 (0.18%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 287 (7.45%) Google
2 272 (7.06%) Microsoft
3 136 (3.53%) Bloomberg
4 135 (3.51%) Tableau
5 128 (3.32%) Oracle
6 69 (1.79%) Databricks
7 56 (1.45%) Reuters
8 53 (1.38%) Splunk
9 49 (1.27%) Cloudera
10 40 (1.04%) Hortonworks
11 39 (1.01%) Informatica
12 38 (0.99%) Facebook
13 29 (0.75%) SAP
14 26 (0.68%) IBM
15 24 (0.62%) Apple
16 23 (0.60%) Alteryx
16 23 (0.60%) TIBCO
17 22 (0.57%) Sybase
18 21 (0.55%) Adobe
18 21 (0.55%) Teradata