Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 122 204 315
Rank change year-on-year +82 +111 +270
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,524 3,158 1,983
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 1.79% 1.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.97% 1.96% 1.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,695 2,619 1,762
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 152,515 161,529 173,960
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.04% 91.56% 90.88%
Number of salaries quoted 121,393 127,449 145,145
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +86 4,324 £65,000 +4.00% 677
London +68 2,571 £70,000 +7.69% 380
UK excluding London +75 1,900 £52,500 +5.00% 320
South East +158 655 £52,500 -4.55% 94
East of England +32 469 £60,000 +20.00% 89
South West +103 292 £52,500 +5.00% 37
North of England -21 211 £47,500 -7.77% 42
North West -52 159 £50,000 -2.91% 22
Scotland -13 142 £45,750 +1.67% 14
Midlands +14 118 £47,500 +18.75% 35
West Midlands +22 66 £47,500 +18.75% 22
East Midlands +8 52 £52,500 +31.25% 13
Yorkshire +43 45 £45,000 -23.40% 12
Wales +1 10 £42,500 -10.24% 7
North East -19 7 £45,000 +28.57% 8
Northern Ireland - 5 £72,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,434 (53.80%) Python
2 1,767 (39.06%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,637 (36.18%) Data Science
4 1,480 (32.71%) Java
5 1,333 (29.47%) Big Data
6 1,288 (28.47%) Analytics
7 1,214 (26.83%) SQL
8 1,152 (25.46%) Agile Software Development
9 1,052 (23.25%) Algorithms
10 986 (21.79%) C++
11 972 (21.49%) Software Engineering
12 961 (21.24%) Computer Science
13 951 (21.02%) Degree
14 892 (19.72%) Finance
15 853 (18.85%) Mathematics
16 803 (17.75%) Amazon AWS
17 801 (17.71%) Deep Learning
18 793 (17.53%) R
19 784 (17.33%) PhD
20 743 (16.42%) Apache Spark
21 735 (16.25%) JavaScript
22 720 (15.92%) Hadoop
23 707 (15.63%) Linux
24 667 (14.74%) Natural Language Processing
25 650 (14.37%) C#
26 590 (13.04%) Microsoft Azure
27 539 (11.91%) NoSQL
28 529 (11.69%) Statistics
29 511 (11.30%) Visualisation
30 496 (10.96%) DevOps

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 743 (16.42%) Apache Spark
2 173 (3.82%) Elasticsearch
3 168 (3.71%) Apache
4 143 (3.16%) SAS
5 48 (1.06%) Apache Pig
6 36 (0.80%) Tomcat
7 30 (0.66%) Apache Solr
8 27 (0.60%) SharePoint
9 26 (0.57%) CMS
9 26 (0.57%) Confluence
10 25 (0.55%) Jupyter
11 24 (0.53%) JBoss
12 22 (0.49%) Ethereum
13 21 (0.46%) Hyperledger
14 20 (0.44%) WordPress
15 12 (0.27%) GlassFish
15 12 (0.27%) OpenStack
16 11 (0.24%) IIS
17 8 (0.18%) Amazon Alexa
17 8 (0.18%) nginx
Applications
1 74 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (1.26%) Chatbot
3 36 (0.80%) GNU Octave
4 33 (0.73%) SPSS
5 29 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 27 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
7 19 (0.42%) MS Visio
8 17 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.38%) Photoshop
9 8 (0.18%) RoboHelp
10 6 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.088%) Stata
12 2 (0.044%) CPLEX
12 2 (0.044%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.022%) Maya
13 1 (0.022%) Mingle
13 1 (0.022%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
13 1 (0.022%) Weka
Business Applications
1 12 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.15%) Ripple
3 5 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.088%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.088%) Oracle Receivables
4 4 (0.088%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
4 4 (0.088%) SAP Retail
5 3 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.066%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.044%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.044%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.044%) SAP MDG
6 2 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.022%) Actimize
7 1 (0.022%) Magento
7 1 (0.022%) Oracle AML
7 1 (0.022%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 803 (17.75%) Amazon AWS
2 590 (13.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 199 (4.40%) Google Cloud Platform
4 129 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
5 114 (2.52%) SaaS
6 113 (2.50%) GitHub
7 111 (2.45%) Serverless
8 107 (2.37%) Azure Data Factory
9 85 (1.88%) PaaS
10 79 (1.75%) Amazon S3
11 70 (1.55%) Azure Machine Learning
12 57 (1.26%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 48 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
13 48 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
13 48 (1.06%) IaaS
14 40 (0.88%) Amazon Kinesis
15 35 (0.77%) Google Analytics
16 32 (0.71%) Amazon EMR
17 26 (0.57%) Data Lake Analytics
17 26 (0.57%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 75 (1.66%) HTTP
2 64 (1.41%) Internet
3 24 (0.53%) Sourcefire
4 22 (0.49%) Firewall
5 20 (0.44%) WebEx
6 16 (0.35%) Network Security
6 16 (0.35%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
7 12 (0.27%) Bluetooth
7 12 (0.27%) DNS
8 11 (0.24%) Skype
8 11 (0.24%) SMS
9 10 (0.22%) NFC
10 9 (0.20%) Intranet
10 9 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
11 8 (0.18%) Software-Defined Networking
11 8 (0.18%) VPN
12 6 (0.13%) DAB
12 6 (0.13%) LAN
12 6 (0.13%) WAN
13 5 (0.11%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,333 (29.47%) Big Data
2 720 (15.92%) Hadoop
3 539 (11.91%) NoSQL
4 306 (6.76%) MongoDB
5 260 (5.75%) Data Warehouse
6 255 (5.64%) Apache Hive
7 247 (5.46%) Power BI
8 236 (5.22%) Apache Cassandra
9 229 (5.06%) PostgreSQL
10 224 (4.95%) SQL Server
11 217 (4.80%) Data Mining
12 197 (4.35%) Relational Database
13 187 (4.13%) Blockchain
14 179 (3.96%) Data Lake
15 150 (3.32%) MySQL
16 121 (2.67%) Azure SQL Database
17 113 (2.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 111 (2.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 107 (2.37%) HBase
20 96 (2.12%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 465 (10.28%) Git (software)
2 230 (5.08%) Jenkins
3 96 (2.12%) Maven
3 96 (2.12%) Visual Studio
4 80 (1.77%) Selenium
5 72 (1.59%) JUnit
6 64 (1.41%) JIRA
6 64 (1.41%) Subversion
7 56 (1.24%) Cucumber
8 55 (1.22%) Gradle
9 48 (1.06%) TeamCity
10 37 (0.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 31 (0.69%) SoapUI
12 25 (0.55%) Mockito
13 24 (0.53%) GitLab
13 24 (0.53%) Vagrant
14 23 (0.51%) gulp
15 22 (0.49%) CircleCI
16 19 (0.42%) JMeter
17 18 (0.40%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 892 (19.72%) Finance
2 312 (6.90%) Banking
3 290 (6.41%) Marketing
4 262 (5.79%) Retail
5 155 (3.43%) Games
6 141 (3.12%) Advertising
7 122 (2.70%) Electronics
8 121 (2.67%) Telecoms
9 104 (2.30%) Investment Banking
10 103 (2.28%) Financial Institution
11 90 (1.99%) Law
11 90 (1.99%) Manufacturing
12 79 (1.75%) Publishing
13 67 (1.48%) Front Office
14 41 (0.91%) Military
15 35 (0.77%) Retail Banking
16 28 (0.62%) Automotive
16 28 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
17 18 (0.40%) Legal
18 15 (0.33%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,240 (27.41%) Developer
2 815 (18.02%) Data Scientist
3 417 (9.22%) Software Engineer
4 293 (6.48%) Java Developer
5 267 (5.90%) Data Engineer
6 253 (5.59%) Senior Data Scientist
7 237 (5.24%) Python Developer
8 231 (5.11%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 217 (4.80%) Consultant
10 215 (4.75%) Architect
11 212 (4.69%) Senior Developer
12 185 (4.09%) Graduate
13 167 (3.69%) Python Engineer
13 167 (3.69%) Software Developer
14 152 (3.36%) Analyst
15 148 (3.27%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 123 (2.72%) Machine Learning Researcher
17 121 (2.67%) Machine Learning Developer
18 116 (2.56%) Full Stack Developer
19 113 (2.50%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 667 (14.74%) Natural Language Processing
2 473 (10.46%) TensorFlow
3 341 (7.54%) AngularJS
4 323 (7.14%) HTML
5 313 (6.92%) CSS
6 307 (6.79%) Node.js
7 306 (6.76%) React
8 289 (6.39%) Web Services
9 280 (6.19%) .NET
10 267 (5.90%) RESTful
11 264 (5.84%) Kafka
12 162 (3.58%) REST
12 162 (3.58%) scikit-learn
13 161 (3.56%) NumPy
14 159 (3.51%) Pandas
15 151 (3.34%) Spring
16 142 (3.14%) Keras
17 134 (2.96%) HTML5
18 118 (2.61%) Django
18 118 (2.61%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 1,052 (23.25%) Algorithms
2 961 (21.24%) Computer Science
3 467 (10.32%) Analytical Skills
4 351 (7.76%) Fintech
5 236 (5.22%) Greenfield Project
6 205 (4.53%) Robotics
7 204 (4.51%) User Experience
8 197 (4.35%) Data Structures
9 121 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
10 77 (1.70%) Hedge funds
11 69 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
12 68 (1.50%) Cyberthreat
13 67 (1.48%) Social Media
14 55 (1.22%) Mobile App
15 45 (0.99%) Equities
15 45 (0.99%) Life Science
16 39 (0.86%) Smart City
16 39 (0.86%) Virtual Team
17 38 (0.84%) Management Information System
18 34 (0.75%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 707 (15.63%) Linux
2 158 (3.49%) Windows
3 109 (2.41%) Unix
4 75 (1.66%) Android
5 71 (1.57%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.35%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.27%) CentOS
7 12 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
8 8 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
9 7 (0.15%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.15%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.11%) Debian
10 5 (0.11%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.088%) CoreOS
11 4 (0.088%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.088%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.066%) Fedora
12 3 (0.066%) Solaris
13 2 (0.044%) AIX
13 2 (0.044%) VyOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,767 (39.06%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,637 (36.18%) Data Science
3 1,288 (28.47%) Analytics
4 1,152 (25.46%) Agile Software Development
5 972 (21.49%) Software Engineering
6 853 (18.85%) Mathematics
7 801 (17.71%) Deep Learning
8 529 (11.69%) Statistics
9 511 (11.30%) Visualisation
10 496 (10.96%) DevOps
11 477 (10.54%) Business Intelligence
12 456 (10.08%) Data Analytics
13 453 (10.01%) TDD
14 447 (9.88%) Problem-Solving
15 416 (9.20%) Neural Network
16 384 (8.49%) Data Analysis
17 363 (8.02%) Microservices
18 345 (7.63%) Scrum
19 336 (7.43%) Data Visualisation
20 334 (7.38%) Physics
Programming Languages
1 2,434 (53.80%) Python
2 1,480 (32.71%) Java
3 1,214 (26.83%) SQL
4 986 (21.79%) C++
5 793 (17.53%) R
6 735 (16.25%) JavaScript
7 650 (14.37%) C#
8 476 (10.52%) C
9 466 (10.30%) Scala
10 236 (5.22%) MATLAB
11 147 (3.25%) Ruby
12 139 (3.07%) Go
13 100 (2.21%) Shell Script
14 94 (2.08%) Bash Shell
15 93 (2.06%) PHP
16 78 (1.72%) Java 8
17 69 (1.53%) ES6
18 55 (1.22%) TypeScript
19 53 (1.17%) Perl
20 52 (1.15%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 951 (21.02%) Degree
2 784 (17.33%) PhD
3 254 (5.61%) Computer Science Degree
4 138 (3.05%) MPhil
5 128 (2.83%) Numerate Degree
6 104 (2.30%) Master's Degree
7 74 (1.64%) Security Cleared
8 49 (1.08%) SC Cleared
9 33 (0.73%) CISSP
10 29 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
11 26 (0.57%) CEH
11 26 (0.57%) GCIH
12 25 (0.55%) DV Cleared
13 24 (0.53%) OSCP
14 13 (0.29%) AWS Certification
15 10 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
16 8 (0.18%) MBA
17 6 (0.13%) MCSA
17 6 (0.13%) MCSE
18 5 (0.11%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (3.54%) QA
2 45 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 30 (0.66%) GDPR
4 24 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (0.24%) GPG13
6 7 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
6 7 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.11%) IEC 61508
7 5 (0.11%) ISO 26262
7 5 (0.11%) MISRA
7 5 (0.11%) MISRA C
7 5 (0.11%) PMO
7 5 (0.11%) SLA
8 4 (0.088%) Solvency II
9 2 (0.044%) COBIT
9 2 (0.044%) COSO
10 1 (0.022%) DICOM
10 1 (0.022%) HL7
System Software
1 455 (10.06%) Docker
2 140 (3.09%) HDFS
3 64 (1.41%) Apache Flume
4 41 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.53%) Snort
6 21 (0.46%) Active Directory
7 20 (0.44%) VirtualBox
7 20 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
8 8 (0.18%) Lustre
9 4 (0.088%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.044%) GlusterFS
10 2 (0.044%) iptables
10 2 (0.044%) LXC
10 2 (0.044%) XenApp
10 2 (0.044%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.022%) Ceph
11 1 (0.022%) Firmware
11 1 (0.022%) KVM
11 1 (0.022%) QEMU
11 1 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 231 (5.11%) Kubernetes
2 125 (2.76%) Ansible
3 99 (2.19%) Puppet
4 88 (1.95%) Opscode Chef
5 75 (1.66%) Terraform
6 44 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
7 38 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
8 37 (0.82%) Mesos
9 30 (0.66%) Prometheus
10 24 (0.53%) Suricata
11 19 (0.42%) Kibana
12 17 (0.38%) Oozie
13 15 (0.33%) Grafana
14 12 (0.27%) QRadar
15 11 (0.24%) Salt
16 8 (0.18%) logstash
16 8 (0.18%) Rancher
17 7 (0.15%) Packer
18 3 (0.066%) EMC NetWorker
18 3 (0.066%) Nagios
Vendors
1 338 (7.47%) Microsoft
2 305 (6.74%) Google
3 290 (6.41%) Tableau
4 169 (3.74%) Oracle
5 92 (2.03%) SAP
6 91 (2.01%) Cloudera
7 77 (1.70%) Hortonworks
8 43 (0.95%) Facebook
9 40 (0.88%) Databricks
10 38 (0.84%) MapR
11 36 (0.80%) Sybase
12 34 (0.75%) Splunk
13 32 (0.71%) IBM
14 30 (0.66%) Adobe
15 27 (0.60%) Cisco
16 26 (0.57%) Apple
17 25 (0.55%) VMware
18 24 (0.53%) TippingPoint
19 22 (0.49%) Twitter
20 21 (0.46%) Cognos