Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 120 180 318
Rank change year-on-year +60 +138 +227
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,418 3,529 1,925
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.73% 1.96% 1.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 2.14% 1.11%
Number of salaries quoted 3,654 2,918 1,740
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -4.00%
10th Percentile £36,548 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,525 £95,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,790 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.58% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 147,510 164,941 172,927
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.11% 91.47% 90.93%
Number of salaries quoted 117,253 130,473 143,786
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £84,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +63 4,219 £65,000 +8.33% 751
London +48 2,545 £72,500 +11.54% 452
UK excluding London +55 1,806 £52,790 +5.58% 335
South East +135 619 £55,000 - 91
East of England +19 407 £60,000 +20.00% 76
South West +75 312 £52,500 - 37
North of England -14 199 £45,000 -15.49% 61
North West -49 141 £47,500 -9.52% 31
Midlands +20 130 £47,500 +18.75% 34
Scotland -22 126 £45,000 -2.70% 17
West Midlands +30 72 £42,500 +6.25% 19
East Midlands +21 58 £50,000 +21.21% 15
Yorkshire +45 49 £45,000 -25.00% 11
Wales -2 12 £43,750 +8.02% 10
North East -7 9 £45,000 +44.00% 19
Northern Ireland -1 5 £65,000 +66.67% 9

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,431 (55.02%) Python
2 1,874 (42.42%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,532 (34.68%) Data Science
4 1,367 (30.94%) Java
5 1,237 (28.00%) Big Data
6 1,225 (27.73%) Analytics
7 1,146 (25.94%) Agile Software Development
8 1,132 (25.62%) SQL
9 1,028 (23.27%) Algorithms
10 987 (22.34%) Software Engineering
11 971 (21.98%) C++
12 903 (20.44%) Degree
13 891 (20.17%) Finance
14 868 (19.65%) Mathematics
15 845 (19.13%) Amazon AWS
16 831 (18.81%) Computer Science
17 800 (18.11%) Deep Learning
18 793 (17.95%) R
19 723 (16.36%) Apache Spark
20 710 (16.07%) Linux
21 707 (16.00%) Hadoop
22 705 (15.96%) JavaScript
23 700 (15.84%) PhD
24 669 (15.14%) C#
25 628 (14.21%) Microsoft Azure
26 614 (13.90%) Natural Language Processing
27 578 (13.08%) Statistics
28 532 (12.04%) Visualisation
29 514 (11.63%) DevOps
30 496 (11.23%) NoSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 723 (16.36%) Apache Spark
2 189 (4.28%) Apache
3 147 (3.33%) SAS
4 146 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
5 73 (1.65%) Apache Pig
6 36 (0.81%) Tomcat
7 30 (0.68%) Apache Solr
7 30 (0.68%) CMS
8 26 (0.59%) Confluence
9 23 (0.52%) Jupyter
10 21 (0.48%) Hyperledger
11 19 (0.43%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.38%) OpenStack
13 14 (0.32%) GlassFish
14 13 (0.29%) WordPress
15 12 (0.27%) MS Exchange
16 11 (0.25%) IIS
17 10 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
17 10 (0.23%) Ethereum
18 7 (0.16%) IPython
Applications
1 66 (1.49%) Chatbot
2 40 (0.91%) GNU Octave
3 39 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
4 36 (0.81%) SPSS
5 28 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 26 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
6 26 (0.59%) Photoshop
7 24 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
8 12 (0.27%) MS Visio
8 12 (0.27%) Snapchat
9 9 (0.20%) Stata
10 8 (0.18%) RoboHelp
11 7 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
13 3 (0.068%) Simulink
14 1 (0.023%) CPLEX
14 1 (0.023%) Maya
14 1 (0.023%) MotionBuilder
14 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
14 1 (0.023%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 14 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.045%) JDE OneWorld
5 2 (0.045%) Magento
5 2 (0.045%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.045%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.045%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.045%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.023%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.023%) Ripple
6 1 (0.023%) SAP IBP
6 1 (0.023%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 845 (19.13%) Amazon AWS
2 628 (14.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 287 (6.50%) Google Cloud Platform
4 131 (2.97%) Cloud Computing
5 109 (2.47%) SaaS
6 95 (2.15%) GitHub
7 88 (1.99%) PaaS
8 77 (1.74%) Serverless
9 59 (1.34%) Azure Machine Learning
10 56 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
11 48 (1.09%) Amazon S3
12 44 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
13 38 (0.86%) AWS Lambda
14 34 (0.77%) Google Analytics
15 32 (0.72%) Data Lake Analytics
16 29 (0.66%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
17 26 (0.59%) Amazon SageMaker
18 25 (0.57%) Amazon EMR
19 24 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
20 23 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 62 (1.40%) Internet
2 56 (1.27%) HTTP
3 25 (0.57%) WebEx
4 15 (0.34%) Firewall
5 14 (0.32%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
6 13 (0.29%) Software-Defined Networking
7 11 (0.25%) VPN
8 10 (0.23%) Bluetooth
8 10 (0.23%) NFC
8 10 (0.23%) SAN
8 10 (0.23%) Sourcefire
9 8 (0.18%) DNS
9 8 (0.18%) Network Security
9 8 (0.18%) Skype
10 7 (0.16%) SMS
10 7 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
11 5 (0.11%) Intrusion Detection
11 5 (0.11%) WAN
11 5 (0.11%) Wireless
12 4 (0.091%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,237 (28.00%) Big Data
2 707 (16.00%) Hadoop
3 496 (11.23%) NoSQL
4 277 (6.27%) Data Warehouse
5 275 (6.22%) Apache Hive
6 254 (5.75%) MongoDB
7 227 (5.14%) Data Mining
8 226 (5.12%) Apache Cassandra
9 207 (4.69%) PostgreSQL
10 204 (4.62%) Relational Database
11 198 (4.48%) SQL Server
12 182 (4.12%) Power BI
13 157 (3.55%) Blockchain
14 141 (3.19%) Data Lake
14 141 (3.19%) MySQL
15 130 (2.94%) HBase
16 104 (2.35%) QlikView
17 97 (2.20%) Amazon Redshift
18 91 (2.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 81 (1.83%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 439 (9.94%) Git (software)
2 191 (4.32%) Jenkins
3 82 (1.86%) Selenium
4 79 (1.79%) Visual Studio
5 77 (1.74%) JIRA
6 70 (1.58%) Subversion
7 69 (1.56%) Maven
8 52 (1.18%) JUnit
9 46 (1.04%) Gradle
10 44 (1.00%) SoapUI
11 35 (0.79%) Cucumber
12 33 (0.75%) TeamCity
13 29 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 29 (0.66%) JMeter
14 27 (0.61%) Bitbucket
15 20 (0.45%) CircleCI
15 20 (0.45%) Visual Studio Team System
15 20 (0.45%) webpack
16 19 (0.43%) Balsamiq Mockups
17 18 (0.41%) Vagrant
General
1 891 (20.17%) Finance
2 320 (7.24%) Banking
3 268 (6.07%) Marketing
4 261 (5.91%) Retail
5 161 (3.64%) Games
6 160 (3.62%) Law
7 103 (2.33%) Electronics
8 101 (2.29%) Telecoms
9 97 (2.20%) Publishing
10 90 (2.04%) Manufacturing
11 86 (1.95%) Advertising
12 83 (1.88%) Military
13 81 (1.83%) Investment Banking
14 62 (1.40%) Financial Institution
15 36 (0.81%) Retail Banking
16 34 (0.77%) Front Office
17 30 (0.68%) Automotive
18 29 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
19 15 (0.34%) Aerospace
20 14 (0.32%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,189 (26.91%) Developer
2 773 (17.50%) Data Scientist
3 398 (9.01%) Software Engineer
4 276 (6.25%) Data Engineer
5 252 (5.70%) Python Developer
5 252 (5.70%) Senior Data Scientist
6 241 (5.45%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 239 (5.41%) Java Developer
8 228 (5.16%) Senior Developer
9 217 (4.91%) Architect
10 197 (4.46%) Consultant
11 173 (3.92%) Python Engineer
12 160 (3.62%) Analyst
13 158 (3.58%) Graduate
14 150 (3.40%) Software Developer
15 143 (3.24%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 136 (3.08%) Machine Learning Developer
17 131 (2.97%) Machine Learning Researcher
18 110 (2.49%) Solutions Architect
19 107 (2.42%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 614 (13.90%) Natural Language Processing
2 457 (10.34%) TensorFlow
3 308 (6.97%) AngularJS
4 305 (6.90%) HTML
5 297 (6.72%) React
6 294 (6.65%) CSS
7 290 (6.56%) Node.js
8 275 (6.22%) .NET
9 254 (5.75%) Kafka
10 217 (4.91%) Web Services
11 210 (4.75%) RESTful
12 170 (3.85%) REST
13 154 (3.49%) scikit-learn
14 151 (3.42%) Spring
15 147 (3.33%) NumPy
15 147 (3.33%) Pandas
16 127 (2.87%) Keras
17 118 (2.67%) OpenCV
18 117 (2.65%) HTML5
19 113 (2.56%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 1,028 (23.27%) Algorithms
2 831 (18.81%) Computer Science
3 455 (10.30%) Analytical Skills
4 353 (7.99%) Fintech
5 227 (5.14%) Robotics
6 204 (4.62%) Greenfield Project
7 198 (4.48%) User Experience
8 176 (3.98%) Data Structures
9 108 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
10 83 (1.88%) Mobile App
11 80 (1.81%) Social Media
12 78 (1.77%) Hedge funds
13 62 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
14 58 (1.31%) Virtual Team
15 53 (1.20%) Life Science
16 48 (1.09%) Equities
16 48 (1.09%) Management Information System
17 39 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 37 (0.84%) NHS
18 37 (0.84%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 710 (16.07%) Linux
2 165 (3.73%) Windows
3 117 (2.65%) Unix
4 99 (2.24%) Android
5 71 (1.61%) Apple iOS
6 20 (0.45%) Ubuntu
7 19 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
8 14 (0.32%) Robot Operating System
9 12 (0.27%) Windows Server
10 11 (0.25%) CentOS
11 9 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.14%) Debian
13 5 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.091%) Fedora
14 4 (0.091%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.045%) AIX
15 2 (0.045%) CoreOS
15 2 (0.045%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.045%) Windows 10
16 1 (0.023%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,874 (42.42%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,532 (34.68%) Data Science
3 1,225 (27.73%) Analytics
4 1,146 (25.94%) Agile Software Development
5 987 (22.34%) Software Engineering
6 868 (19.65%) Mathematics
7 800 (18.11%) Deep Learning
8 578 (13.08%) Statistics
9 532 (12.04%) Visualisation
10 514 (11.63%) DevOps
11 451 (10.21%) Business Intelligence
12 428 (9.69%) Neural Network
13 400 (9.05%) Data Analytics
14 392 (8.87%) Problem-Solving
15 380 (8.60%) Data Analysis
16 374 (8.47%) TDD
17 341 (7.72%) Physics
18 335 (7.58%) Scrum
19 334 (7.56%) Data Visualisation
20 333 (7.54%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2,431 (55.02%) Python
2 1,367 (30.94%) Java
3 1,132 (25.62%) SQL
4 971 (21.98%) C++
5 793 (17.95%) R
6 705 (15.96%) JavaScript
7 669 (15.14%) C#
8 478 (10.82%) C
9 431 (9.76%) Scala
10 203 (4.59%) MATLAB
11 157 (3.55%) Go
12 128 (2.90%) Ruby
13 99 (2.24%) Bash Shell
14 95 (2.15%) Java 8
15 84 (1.90%) PHP
16 71 (1.61%) ES6
17 68 (1.54%) Shell Script
18 56 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 42 (0.95%) T-SQL
20 41 (0.93%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 903 (20.44%) Degree
2 700 (15.84%) PhD
3 229 (5.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 142 (3.21%) MPhil
5 122 (2.76%) Numerate Degree
6 107 (2.42%) Master's Degree
7 70 (1.58%) Security Cleared
8 51 (1.15%) SC Cleared
9 42 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 29 (0.66%) DV Cleared
11 19 (0.43%) CISSP
12 13 (0.29%) GCIH
13 11 (0.25%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.25%) CEH
14 10 (0.23%) OSCP
14 10 (0.23%) Postgraduate
14 10 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.18%) MBA
15 8 (0.18%) MCSA
15 8 (0.18%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 156 (3.53%) QA
2 69 (1.56%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.54%) GDPR
4 16 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
5 10 (0.23%) PMO
6 8 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.14%) COBIT
8 5 (0.11%) IEC 61508
8 5 (0.11%) ISO 26262
8 5 (0.11%) MISRA
8 5 (0.11%) MISRA C
9 4 (0.091%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.068%) GPG13
10 3 (0.068%) SLA
11 2 (0.045%) COSO
System Software
1 456 (10.32%) Docker
2 106 (2.40%) HDFS
3 45 (1.02%) Apache Flume
4 30 (0.68%) Active Directory
4 30 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.61%) VirtualBox
6 18 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.29%) Lustre
8 11 (0.25%) Snort
9 9 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.18%) Xen
11 7 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.068%) GlusterFS
14 2 (0.045%) XenApp
14 2 (0.045%) XenDesktop
15 1 (0.023%) Ceph
15 1 (0.023%) Hyper-V
15 1 (0.023%) KVM
15 1 (0.023%) LXC
Systems Management
1 256 (5.79%) Kubernetes
2 140 (3.17%) Ansible
3 101 (2.29%) Terraform
4 99 (2.24%) Puppet
5 79 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
7 34 (0.77%) Mesos
8 29 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
8 29 (0.66%) Oozie
9 20 (0.45%) Prometheus
10 17 (0.38%) Kibana
11 16 (0.36%) Nagios
12 15 (0.34%) Salt
13 12 (0.27%) logstash
14 11 (0.25%) Grafana
14 11 (0.25%) Packer
15 10 (0.23%) Suricata
16 8 (0.18%) vCenter Server
17 7 (0.16%) Graphite
17 7 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 331 (7.49%) Google
2 288 (6.52%) Microsoft
3 276 (6.25%) Tableau
4 147 (3.33%) Oracle
5 97 (2.20%) Cloudera
6 93 (2.11%) SAP
7 74 (1.67%) Hortonworks
8 42 (0.95%) MapR
9 40 (0.91%) Databricks
9 40 (0.91%) IBM
10 39 (0.88%) Facebook
10 39 (0.88%) Splunk
11 37 (0.84%) Adobe
12 33 (0.75%) VMware
13 31 (0.70%) Apple
14 24 (0.54%) Cisco
15 23 (0.52%) Blue Prism
15 23 (0.52%) Cognos
16 21 (0.48%) Sybase
17 19 (0.43%) Teradata