Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 143 284 457
Rank change year-on-year +141 +173 +211
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,145 1,933 1,433
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.36% 1.11% 0.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.63% 1.24% 0.77%
Number of salaries quoted 3,520 1,667 1,257
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £39,400
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +31.25%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,852 155,291 187,279
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.91% 89.54% 88.83%
Number of salaries quoted 127,991 127,938 155,140
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,750 £79,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +145 3,894 £62,500 +4.17% 636
London +112 2,238 £67,500 - 380
UK excluding London +184 1,852 £52,500 +5.00% 282
East of England +139 503 £55,000 - 63
South East +134 481 £55,000 +10.00% 97
North of England +69 295 £52,500 - 37
North West +61 259 £50,000 -4.76% 28
South West +88 204 £50,000 -2.44% 34
Scotland +78 177 £50,000 +11.11% 25
Midlands +118 162 £42,500 - 24
West Midlands +60 91 £42,500 - 17
East Midlands +69 71 £48,750 +14.71% 7
Yorkshire +26 33 £55,000 +3.77% 5
Wales +9 22 £42,500 +46.55% 2
Northern Ireland - 8 £40,750 -
North East -25 3 £100,000 +66.67% 4

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,456 (59.25%) Python
2 1,618 (39.03%) Data Science
3 1,473 (35.54%) Java
4 1,381 (33.32%) Big Data
5 1,134 (27.36%) Algorithms
6 1,103 (26.61%) Analytics
7 1,102 (26.59%) Agile Software Development
8 1,075 (25.93%) SQL
9 951 (22.94%) C++
10 937 (22.61%) Artificial Intelligence
11 929 (22.41%) Software Engineering
12 898 (21.66%) Finance
13 890 (21.47%) Apache Spark
14 876 (21.13%) Amazon AWS
15 863 (20.82%) Degree
16 853 (20.58%) Computer Science
17 848 (20.46%) Mathematics
18 834 (20.12%) PhD
19 806 (19.45%) R
20 685 (16.53%) Hadoop
21 660 (15.92%) JavaScript
22 642 (15.49%) Natural Language Processing
23 613 (14.79%) Scala
24 607 (14.64%) C#
25 576 (13.90%) Statistics
26 556 (13.41%) Deep Learning
27 538 (12.98%) Linux
28 488 (11.77%) Analytical Skills
29 446 (10.76%) NoSQL
30 432 (10.42%) Docker

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 890 (21.47%) Apache Spark
2 208 (5.02%) SAS
3 178 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
4 124 (2.99%) Apache
5 62 (1.50%) Apache Pig
6 51 (1.23%) Apache Solr
7 39 (0.94%) Tomcat
8 31 (0.75%) DNN
9 22 (0.53%) Ethereum
10 19 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
10 19 (0.46%) Confluence
10 19 (0.46%) JBoss
11 17 (0.41%) nginx
12 15 (0.36%) MS Exchange
13 14 (0.34%) CMS
14 12 (0.29%) Jupyter
15 11 (0.27%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.22%) Luigi
17 8 (0.19%) OpenStack
17 8 (0.19%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 61 (1.47%) SPSS
2 43 (1.04%) Chatbot
3 42 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
4 33 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
5 25 (0.60%) Weka
6 20 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
7 10 (0.24%) GNU Octave
7 10 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 8 (0.19%) Stata
9 5 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 4 (0.097%) CPLEX
11 3 (0.072%) Spreadsheet
12 2 (0.048%) MS Visio
13 1 (0.024%) HipChat
13 1 (0.024%) Mathematica
13 1 (0.024%) Maya
13 1 (0.024%) MotionBuilder
13 1 (0.024%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 22 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.48%) WebTrends
3 19 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
4 11 (0.27%) Ripple
5 10 (0.24%) Ripple XRP
6 8 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
6 8 (0.19%) Oracle Payroll
7 6 (0.14%) MultiChain
8 4 (0.097%) Oracle Receivables
9 3 (0.072%) Oracle AML
9 3 (0.072%) SAP InfiniteInsight
10 2 (0.048%) Actimize
10 2 (0.048%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.024%) Capstone
11 1 (0.024%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 1 (0.024%) Magento
11 1 (0.024%) Oracle BPM
11 1 (0.024%) Oracle Payables
11 1 (0.024%) SAP FI-AP
Cloud Services
1 876 (21.13%) Amazon AWS
2 408 (9.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 155 (3.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 95 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
5 86 (2.07%) GitHub
6 82 (1.98%) SaaS
6 82 (1.98%) Serverless
7 80 (1.93%) Azure Data Factory
8 69 (1.66%) Azure Machine Learning
9 63 (1.52%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
10 55 (1.33%) IaaS
11 54 (1.30%) Amazon S3
12 48 (1.16%) Amazon Kinesis
13 44 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
14 39 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
15 28 (0.68%) Amazon EMR
16 27 (0.65%) Google Analytics
17 24 (0.58%) PaaS
18 21 (0.51%) Adobe Analytics
19 18 (0.43%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 62 (1.50%) Internet
2 35 (0.84%) HTTP
3 21 (0.51%) Network Security
4 20 (0.48%) SMS
4 20 (0.48%) TCP/IP
5 18 (0.43%) Skype
6 17 (0.41%) SMTP
7 16 (0.39%) Ethernet
7 16 (0.39%) InfiniBand
8 11 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
9 9 (0.22%) Firewall
10 7 (0.17%) DAB
11 4 (0.097%) DHCP
11 4 (0.097%) DNS
11 4 (0.097%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.097%) Wireless
12 3 (0.072%) FTP
12 3 (0.072%) RFID
12 3 (0.072%) SSL
12 3 (0.072%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,381 (33.32%) Big Data
2 685 (16.53%) Hadoop
3 446 (10.76%) NoSQL
4 371 (8.95%) MongoDB
5 302 (7.29%) Data Mining
6 297 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
7 272 (6.56%) Apache Cassandra
8 212 (5.11%) Relational Database
9 186 (4.49%) Data Warehouse
10 184 (4.44%) Apache Hive
11 166 (4.00%) SQL Server
12 164 (3.96%) MySQL
13 155 (3.74%) Power BI
14 117 (2.82%) Amazon Redshift
15 115 (2.77%) Data Lake
16 105 (2.53%) HBase
17 95 (2.29%) Blockchain
18 75 (1.81%) QlikView
19 73 (1.76%) RDBMS
20 61 (1.47%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 373 (9.00%) Git (software)
2 153 (3.69%) Jenkins
3 85 (2.05%) Visual Studio
4 69 (1.66%) Maven
5 57 (1.38%) Selenium
6 51 (1.23%) JIRA
7 41 (0.99%) TeamCity
8 38 (0.92%) JUnit
9 30 (0.72%) NUnit
10 25 (0.60%) Subversion
11 21 (0.51%) CircleCI
11 21 (0.51%) Cucumber
12 20 (0.48%) Gradle
13 17 (0.41%) GitLab
14 16 (0.39%) Ant
15 15 (0.36%) webpack
16 14 (0.34%) LabVIEW
16 14 (0.34%) Travis CI
17 11 (0.27%) Team Foundation Server
18 10 (0.24%) gulp
General
1 898 (21.66%) Finance
2 237 (5.72%) Banking
2 237 (5.72%) Marketing
3 194 (4.68%) Retail
4 136 (3.28%) Games
5 122 (2.94%) Legal
6 107 (2.58%) Telecoms
7 100 (2.41%) Electronics
8 75 (1.81%) Law
9 74 (1.79%) Advertising
10 73 (1.76%) Manufacturing
11 58 (1.40%) Financial Institution
12 55 (1.33%) Retail Banking
13 50 (1.21%) Investment Banking
14 45 (1.09%) Front Office
15 29 (0.70%) Automotive
15 29 (0.70%) Publishing
16 25 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.29%) Back Office
18 8 (0.19%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,099 (26.51%) Developer
2 789 (19.03%) Data Scientist
3 440 (10.62%) Software Engineer
4 302 (7.29%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 290 (7.00%) Java Developer
6 253 (6.10%) Data Engineer
7 204 (4.92%) Architect
7 204 (4.92%) Python Developer
8 193 (4.66%) Senior Developer
9 190 (4.58%) Analyst
10 184 (4.44%) Software Developer
11 183 (4.41%) Machine Learning Developer
12 167 (4.03%) Senior Data Scientist
13 164 (3.96%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 125 (3.02%) Graduate
15 122 (2.94%) DevOps Engineer
16 108 (2.61%) Consultant
17 102 (2.46%) Big Data Engineer
18 96 (2.32%) Java Engineer
19 92 (2.22%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 642 (15.49%) Natural Language Processing
2 349 (8.42%) React
3 335 (8.08%) AngularJS
4 330 (7.96%) Node.js
5 314 (7.58%) TensorFlow
6 283 (6.83%) .NET
7 278 (6.71%) HTML
8 271 (6.54%) CSS
9 231 (5.57%) Web Services
10 223 (5.38%) Kafka
11 188 (4.54%) RESTful
12 162 (3.91%) NumPy
13 138 (3.33%) scikit-learn
14 135 (3.26%) Django
15 123 (2.97%) Pandas
16 117 (2.82%) Spring
17 107 (2.58%) HTML5
18 104 (2.51%) REST
18 104 (2.51%) SciPy
19 85 (2.05%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,134 (27.36%) Algorithms
2 853 (20.58%) Computer Science
3 488 (11.77%) Analytical Skills
4 302 (7.29%) Fintech
5 222 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
6 177 (4.27%) User Experience
7 164 (3.96%) Robotics
8 97 (2.34%) Cyberthreat
9 96 (2.32%) Data Structures
10 91 (2.20%) Mobile App
11 60 (1.45%) Hedge funds
12 56 (1.35%) Smart City
13 50 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
14 45 (1.09%) CUDA
14 45 (1.09%) Management Information System
14 45 (1.09%) Social Media
15 44 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
16 39 (0.94%) Equities
17 35 (0.84%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
17 35 (0.84%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 538 (12.98%) Linux
2 99 (2.39%) Windows
3 83 (2.00%) Unix
4 57 (1.38%) Android
5 46 (1.11%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.53%) Robot Operating System
7 11 (0.27%) CentOS
8 10 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
9 8 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.17%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.14%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.097%) Debian
12 4 (0.097%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.097%) Solaris
13 3 (0.072%) Windows Server
14 2 (0.048%) SUSE
14 2 (0.048%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.048%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.048%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,618 (39.03%) Data Science
2 1,103 (26.61%) Analytics
3 1,102 (26.59%) Agile Software Development
4 937 (22.61%) Artificial Intelligence
5 929 (22.41%) Software Engineering
6 848 (20.46%) Mathematics
7 576 (13.90%) Statistics
8 556 (13.41%) Deep Learning
9 408 (9.84%) Business Intelligence
10 405 (9.77%) DevOps
11 400 (9.65%) TDD
12 385 (9.29%) Visualisation
13 379 (9.14%) Data Analytics
14 372 (8.97%) Neural Network
15 334 (8.06%) Data Analysis
16 331 (7.99%) Physics
17 329 (7.94%) Scrum
18 303 (7.31%) Microservices
19 261 (6.30%) Computer Vision
20 259 (6.25%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,456 (59.25%) Python
2 1,473 (35.54%) Java
3 1,075 (25.93%) SQL
4 951 (22.94%) C++
5 806 (19.45%) R
6 660 (15.92%) JavaScript
7 613 (14.79%) Scala
8 607 (14.64%) C#
9 354 (8.54%) C
10 337 (8.13%) MATLAB
11 229 (5.52%) Ruby
12 166 (4.00%) Go
13 92 (2.22%) PHP
14 77 (1.86%) Shell Script
15 68 (1.64%) Bash Shell
16 64 (1.54%) Julia
17 45 (1.09%) Perl
18 43 (1.04%) T-SQL
19 39 (0.94%) U-SQL
20 26 (0.63%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 863 (20.82%) Degree
2 834 (20.12%) PhD
3 225 (5.43%) Computer Science Degree
4 104 (2.51%) Master's Degree
5 87 (2.10%) Numerate Degree
6 61 (1.47%) Security Cleared
7 22 (0.53%) CISSP
8 21 (0.51%) SANS
9 17 (0.41%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.36%) CISM
10 15 (0.36%) CSSLP
11 12 (0.29%) SC Cleared
12 9 (0.22%) CEH
12 9 (0.22%) GCIH
12 9 (0.22%) OSCP
13 7 (0.17%) Postgraduate
14 6 (0.14%) GIAC
14 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.14%) SAS Certification
15 5 (0.12%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (2.20%) QA
2 68 (1.64%) Data Quality
3 37 (0.89%) GCP
4 35 (0.84%) GDPR
5 15 (0.36%) HIPAA
6 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.17%) Solvency II
7 4 (0.097%) Actionable Recommendations
7 4 (0.097%) SEPA
8 3 (0.072%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.072%) EMIR
8 3 (0.072%) GPG13
8 3 (0.072%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.048%) COBIT
9 2 (0.048%) FATCA
9 2 (0.048%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.048%) MiFID
10 1 (0.024%) IFRS
10 1 (0.024%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.024%) Val IT
System Software
1 432 (10.42%) Docker
2 47 (1.13%) HDFS
3 38 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
4 36 (0.87%) Apache Flume
5 11 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.24%) LXC
7 9 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.19%) Snort
9 7 (0.17%) Varnish
10 4 (0.097%) Xen
11 3 (0.072%) Firmware
11 3 (0.072%) KVM
12 2 (0.048%) Active Directory
13 1 (0.024%) Gluster
13 1 (0.024%) iptables
13 1 (0.024%) NFS
Systems Management
1 207 (4.99%) Kubernetes
2 107 (2.58%) Ansible
3 79 (1.91%) Puppet
4 57 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
5 54 (1.30%) Terraform
6 39 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
7 36 (0.87%) Mesos
8 17 (0.41%) Marathon
9 13 (0.31%) Oozie
10 10 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
10 10 (0.24%) Kibana
10 10 (0.24%) Packer
11 8 (0.19%) Grafana
11 8 (0.19%) Graylog
11 8 (0.19%) Rancher
12 7 (0.17%) logstash
13 6 (0.14%) Suricata
14 5 (0.12%) Nagios
14 5 (0.12%) rkt
15 4 (0.097%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 345 (8.32%) Microsoft
2 325 (7.84%) Google
3 249 (6.01%) Tableau
4 152 (3.67%) Oracle
5 101 (2.44%) SAP
6 82 (1.98%) Cloudera
7 81 (1.95%) IBM
8 60 (1.45%) Twitter
9 53 (1.28%) Hortonworks
10 47 (1.13%) Facebook
11 43 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
12 36 (0.87%) Adobe
13 32 (0.77%) MapR
14 30 (0.72%) VMware
15 29 (0.70%) Teradata
16 24 (0.58%) Alteryx
16 24 (0.58%) Talend
17 23 (0.55%) Capita
18 20 (0.48%) Informatica
18 20 (0.48%) NVIDIA