Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 122 253 390
Rank change year-on-year +131 +137 +289
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,717 2,323 1,655
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.66% 1.36% 0.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.93% 1.50% 0.91%
Number of salaries quoted 4,014 1,944 1,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £38,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +10.53%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161,014 154,894 182,860
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.83% 90.44% 89.97%
Number of salaries quoted 130,470 127,500 151,953
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,250 £27,875 £27,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +4.94%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +124 4,463 £62,500 +4.17% 573
London +92 2,490 £70,000 +3.70% 360
UK excluding London +149 2,174 £55,000 +10.00% 234
South East +118 644 £55,000 +10.00% 62
East of England +96 586 £57,500 - 62
North of England +69 327 £52,500 - 25
North West +66 277 £50,000 -4.76% 21
South West +105 239 £52,500 +30.43% 46
Scotland +48 184 £52,500 -24.46% 15
Midlands +102 164 £45,000 +12.50% 18
West Midlands +85 107 £45,000 +12.50% 13
East Midlands +26 57 £50,000 +25.00% 5
Yorkshire +26 39 £52,500 -4.55% 4
Wales +21 24 £45,000 +13.92% 3
North East -19 11 £67,500 +92.86%
Northern Ireland - 7 £50,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,740 (58.09%) Python
2 1,878 (39.81%) Data Science
3 1,827 (38.73%) Artificial Intelligence
4 1,696 (35.96%) Java
5 1,620 (34.34%) Big Data
6 1,307 (27.71%) Analytics
7 1,265 (26.82%) SQL
8 1,250 (26.50%) Agile Software Development
9 1,233 (26.14%) Algorithms
10 1,071 (22.71%) C++
11 1,058 (22.43%) Software Engineering
12 1,020 (21.62%) Computer Science
12 1,020 (21.62%) Amazon AWS
13 993 (21.05%) Apache Spark
14 981 (20.80%) Degree
15 957 (20.29%) Mathematics
16 905 (19.19%) PhD
17 884 (18.74%) Finance
18 872 (18.49%) R
19 794 (16.83%) Hadoop
20 769 (16.30%) JavaScript
21 733 (15.54%) Natural Language Processing
22 704 (14.92%) Scala
23 658 (13.95%) C#
24 646 (13.70%) Deep Learning
25 604 (12.80%) Statistics
26 587 (12.44%) NoSQL
27 586 (12.42%) Linux
28 523 (11.09%) Microsoft Azure
29 512 (10.85%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 993 (21.05%) Apache Spark
2 212 (4.49%) Elasticsearch
3 201 (4.26%) SAS
4 139 (2.95%) Apache
5 60 (1.27%) Apache Solr
6 56 (1.19%) Tomcat
7 50 (1.06%) Apache Pig
8 41 (0.87%) JBoss
9 36 (0.76%) Confluence
10 35 (0.74%) Ethereum
11 22 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
12 18 (0.38%) DNN
12 18 (0.38%) Jupyter
13 13 (0.28%) Hyperledger
13 13 (0.28%) nginx
13 13 (0.28%) SharePoint
14 11 (0.23%) CMS
15 9 (0.19%) Luigi
16 8 (0.17%) Oracle Self-Service HR
16 8 (0.17%) WildFly
Applications
1 68 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 63 (1.34%) Chatbot
3 58 (1.23%) SPSS
4 30 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
5 25 (0.53%) Weka
6 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 12 (0.25%) GNU Octave
8 12 (0.25%) MS Visio
9 10 (0.21%) Stata
10 9 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
10 9 (0.19%) Photoshop
11 2 (0.042%) CPLEX
11 2 (0.042%) Mathematica
11 2 (0.042%) Simulink
11 2 (0.042%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.021%) HipChat
12 1 (0.021%) Maya
12 1 (0.021%) MotionBuilder
12 1 (0.021%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.40%) Ripple
2 18 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 17 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
3 17 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
4 13 (0.28%) WebTrends
5 9 (0.19%) Ripple XRP
6 8 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
6 8 (0.17%) Oracle Payroll
6 8 (0.17%) R3 Corda
7 7 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.064%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
8 3 (0.064%) SAP InfiniteInsight
8 3 (0.064%) SAP Retail
9 2 (0.042%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.042%) Magento
9 2 (0.042%) Oracle AML
9 2 (0.042%) Unica
10 1 (0.021%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.021%) SAP FI-AP
Cloud Services
1 1,020 (21.62%) Amazon AWS
2 523 (11.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 165 (3.50%) Google Cloud Platform
4 147 (3.12%) Serverless
5 141 (2.99%) Azure Data Factory
6 110 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
7 95 (2.01%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
8 91 (1.93%) Amazon S3
8 91 (1.93%) IaaS
9 87 (1.84%) GitHub
10 78 (1.65%) SaaS
11 70 (1.48%) Azure Machine Learning
12 69 (1.46%) AWS Lambda
13 57 (1.21%) Amazon Kinesis
14 47 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
14 47 (1.00%) Amazon EMR
15 46 (0.98%) PaaS
16 28 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (0.47%) Google Analytics
18 17 (0.36%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 88 (1.87%) Internet
2 50 (1.06%) HTTP
3 27 (0.57%) Network Security
4 20 (0.42%) Firewall
5 16 (0.34%) Skype
5 16 (0.34%) Sourcefire
5 16 (0.34%) TCP/IP
6 15 (0.32%) SMS
7 14 (0.30%) DAB
8 10 (0.21%) SMTP
9 9 (0.19%) DNS
10 8 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
11 7 (0.15%) Ethernet
11 7 (0.15%) InfiniBand
12 6 (0.13%) DHCP
12 6 (0.13%) FTP
13 5 (0.11%) SSL
14 4 (0.085%) Bluetooth
14 4 (0.085%) IPsec
14 4 (0.085%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,620 (34.34%) Big Data
2 794 (16.83%) Hadoop
3 587 (12.44%) NoSQL
4 391 (8.29%) MongoDB
5 305 (6.47%) Data Mining
6 299 (6.34%) Apache Cassandra
7 273 (5.79%) PostgreSQL
8 227 (4.81%) Relational Database
9 226 (4.79%) Power BI
10 221 (4.69%) Apache Hive
11 219 (4.64%) Data Warehouse
12 207 (4.39%) Data Lake
13 206 (4.37%) SQL Server
14 195 (4.13%) MySQL
15 154 (3.26%) Blockchain
16 123 (2.61%) Azure SQL Database
17 122 (2.59%) HBase
18 118 (2.50%) Amazon Redshift
19 82 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 79 (1.67%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 448 (9.50%) Git (software)
2 193 (4.09%) Jenkins
3 111 (2.35%) Visual Studio
4 97 (2.06%) Maven
5 64 (1.36%) JIRA
5 64 (1.36%) Selenium
6 61 (1.29%) TeamCity
7 52 (1.10%) JUnit
8 46 (0.98%) Gradle
9 38 (0.81%) NUnit
10 31 (0.66%) Cucumber
11 25 (0.53%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (0.51%) CircleCI
12 24 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
13 21 (0.45%) Subversion
14 20 (0.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 19 (0.40%) GitLab
16 16 (0.34%) Mockito
17 15 (0.32%) RStudio
18 13 (0.28%) Artifactory
General
1 884 (18.74%) Finance
2 299 (6.34%) Marketing
3 255 (5.41%) Banking
4 232 (4.92%) Retail
5 135 (2.86%) Games
6 129 (2.73%) Advertising
7 126 (2.67%) Telecoms
8 114 (2.42%) Electronics
9 91 (1.93%) Law
10 89 (1.89%) Manufacturing
11 66 (1.40%) Front Office
12 59 (1.25%) Legal
13 56 (1.19%) Financial Institution
13 56 (1.19%) Retail Banking
14 51 (1.08%) Investment Banking
15 33 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
16 28 (0.59%) Publishing
17 18 (0.38%) Automotive
18 17 (0.36%) Back Office
19 8 (0.17%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,219 (25.84%) Developer
2 870 (18.44%) Data Scientist
3 494 (10.47%) Software Engineer
4 382 (8.10%) Java Developer
5 326 (6.91%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 289 (6.13%) Data Engineer
7 249 (5.28%) Architect
8 218 (4.62%) Senior Data Scientist
9 202 (4.28%) Python Developer
9 202 (4.28%) Senior Developer
10 201 (4.26%) Analyst
11 187 (3.96%) Software Developer
12 186 (3.94%) Machine Learning Developer
13 185 (3.92%) Python Engineer
14 174 (3.69%) Machine Learning Scientist
15 169 (3.58%) Graduate
16 164 (3.48%) Consultant
17 126 (2.67%) Java Engineer
18 123 (2.61%) DevOps Engineer
19 118 (2.50%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 733 (15.54%) Natural Language Processing
2 404 (8.56%) React
3 376 (7.97%) TensorFlow
4 364 (7.72%) AngularJS
5 335 (7.10%) Node.js
6 328 (6.95%) Web Services
7 326 (6.91%) HTML
8 315 (6.68%) .NET
9 309 (6.55%) CSS
10 289 (6.13%) RESTful
11 287 (6.08%) Kafka
12 208 (4.41%) NumPy
13 198 (4.20%) scikit-learn
14 165 (3.50%) Pandas
15 151 (3.20%) Django
16 146 (3.10%) SciPy
17 143 (3.03%) Spring
18 117 (2.48%) Keras
19 114 (2.42%) HTML5
19 114 (2.42%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,233 (26.14%) Algorithms
2 1,020 (21.62%) Computer Science
3 507 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
4 337 (7.14%) Fintech
5 260 (5.51%) Greenfield Project
6 190 (4.03%) User Experience
7 158 (3.35%) Data Structures
8 156 (3.31%) Robotics
9 108 (2.29%) Mobile App
10 64 (1.36%) Hedge funds
11 62 (1.31%) Social Media
12 60 (1.27%) Cyberthreat
13 56 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
14 54 (1.14%) Equities
15 49 (1.04%) Smart City
16 47 (1.00%) CUDA
17 46 (0.98%) Management Information System
18 40 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
19 38 (0.81%) Self-Motivation
20 33 (0.70%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 586 (12.42%) Linux
2 89 (1.89%) Windows
3 72 (1.53%) Unix
4 56 (1.19%) Android
5 45 (0.95%) Apple iOS
6 21 (0.45%) Robot Operating System
7 10 (0.21%) CoreOS
8 9 (0.19%) CentOS
8 9 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.17%) Solaris
9 8 (0.17%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
10 5 (0.11%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.085%) Debian
11 4 (0.085%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.064%) VMS
12 3 (0.064%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.042%) SUSE
13 2 (0.042%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.042%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,878 (39.81%) Data Science
2 1,827 (38.73%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,307 (27.71%) Analytics
4 1,250 (26.50%) Agile Software Development
5 1,058 (22.43%) Software Engineering
6 957 (20.29%) Mathematics
7 646 (13.70%) Deep Learning
8 604 (12.80%) Statistics
9 512 (10.85%) TDD
10 483 (10.24%) Business Intelligence
11 470 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
12 456 (9.67%) Data Analytics
13 447 (9.48%) DevOps
14 444 (9.41%) Neural Network
15 419 (8.88%) Visualisation
16 389 (8.25%) Microservices
17 377 (7.99%) Data Analysis
18 376 (7.97%) Scrum
19 342 (7.25%) Physics
20 301 (6.38%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,740 (58.09%) Python
2 1,696 (35.96%) Java
3 1,265 (26.82%) SQL
4 1,071 (22.71%) C++
5 872 (18.49%) R
6 769 (16.30%) JavaScript
7 704 (14.92%) Scala
8 658 (13.95%) C#
9 421 (8.93%) C
10 375 (7.95%) MATLAB
11 213 (4.52%) Ruby
12 195 (4.13%) Go
13 105 (2.23%) Shell Script
14 104 (2.20%) PHP
15 93 (1.97%) Java 8
16 73 (1.55%) U-SQL
17 71 (1.51%) Bash Shell
18 50 (1.06%) T-SQL
19 40 (0.85%) TypeScript
20 37 (0.78%) Perl
Qualifications
1 981 (20.80%) Degree
2 905 (19.19%) PhD
3 264 (5.60%) Computer Science Degree
4 112 (2.37%) Master's Degree
5 107 (2.27%) Numerate Degree
6 67 (1.42%) Security Cleared
7 34 (0.72%) CISSP
8 23 (0.49%) SANS
9 20 (0.42%) CEH
10 19 (0.40%) GCIH
10 19 (0.40%) OSCP
11 17 (0.36%) CISM
11 17 (0.36%) CSSLP
11 17 (0.36%) SC Cleared
12 15 (0.32%) DV Cleared
13 10 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.19%) AWS Certification
15 7 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
16 6 (0.13%) GIAC
16 6 (0.13%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (2.50%) QA
2 71 (1.51%) Data Quality
3 44 (0.93%) GCP
3 44 (0.93%) GDPR
4 17 (0.36%) HIPAA
5 13 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.15%) GPG13
6 7 (0.15%) Solvency II
7 4 (0.085%) Actionable Recommendations
7 4 (0.085%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.085%) SEPA
8 3 (0.064%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.064%) EMIR
9 2 (0.042%) COBIT
9 2 (0.042%) FATCA
9 2 (0.042%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.042%) MiFID
9 2 (0.042%) SLA
10 1 (0.021%) DICOM
10 1 (0.021%) HL7
System Software
1 470 (9.96%) Docker
2 116 (2.46%) HDFS
3 73 (1.55%) Virtual Machines
4 58 (1.23%) Apache Flume
5 18 (0.38%) Snort
6 13 (0.28%) LXC
7 11 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
8 9 (0.19%) Firmware
9 6 (0.13%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.11%) Xen
11 3 (0.064%) iptables
12 2 (0.042%) Active Directory
12 2 (0.042%) Hyper-V
13 1 (0.021%) Gluster
13 1 (0.021%) KVM
13 1 (0.021%) NFS
Systems Management
1 220 (4.66%) Kubernetes
2 112 (2.37%) Ansible
3 91 (1.93%) Puppet
4 66 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
5 61 (1.29%) Hadoop YARN
6 55 (1.17%) Terraform
7 38 (0.81%) Mesos
8 24 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.45%) Marathon
10 17 (0.36%) Grafana
11 16 (0.34%) Prometheus
11 16 (0.34%) Suricata
12 15 (0.32%) Kibana
13 13 (0.28%) Oozie
14 10 (0.21%) logstash
15 8 (0.17%) Nagios
15 8 (0.17%) QRadar
16 7 (0.15%) Packer
16 7 (0.15%) Rancher
17 6 (0.13%) Graylog
Vendors
1 422 (8.95%) Microsoft
2 328 (6.95%) Google
3 290 (6.15%) Tableau
4 173 (3.67%) Oracle
5 116 (2.46%) Cloudera
6 108 (2.29%) SAP
7 82 (1.74%) Hortonworks
8 81 (1.72%) IBM
9 61 (1.29%) Twitter
10 57 (1.21%) Facebook
11 39 (0.83%) MapR
12 36 (0.76%) Capita
13 34 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
14 29 (0.61%) Talend
15 27 (0.57%) Splunk
16 26 (0.55%) Alteryx
17 25 (0.53%) Adobe
17 25 (0.53%) VMware
18 22 (0.47%) Teradata
19 21 (0.45%) Informatica