Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 94 100 121
Rank change year-on-year +6 +21 +90
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 2,059 4,496 4,770
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.17% 3.15% 2.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.43% 3.42% 3.04%
Number of salaries quoted 1,751 3,730 4,039
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,593 £35,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 59,989 131,644 157,095
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.27% 92.20% 91.96%
Number of salaries quoted 47,949 103,664 125,238
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 1,933 £65,000 - 247
London -6 1,131 £75,000 - 104
UK excluding London +37 900 £55,000 +4.76% 161
South East +46 316 £60,000 +9.09% 42
Work from Home +13 201 £60,000 -7.26% 38
North of England +49 165 £52,500 - 39
North West +38 124 £52,500 -4.55% 18
South West -24 117 £53,500 +7.00% 21
East of England +26 116 £55,000 -12.00% 25
Midlands +74 88 £52,500 -0.94% 16
West Midlands +107 76 £52,500 -2.78% 7
Scotland +7 64 £55,000 +18.28% 9
Yorkshire +58 27 £57,500 +9.52% 6
Wales +15 21 £45,000 -10.00% 7
East Midlands +39 19 £51,250 +2.50% 9
Northern Ireland +28 15 £55,000 +10.00% 2
North East +28 14 £40,000 -5.88% 15
Channel Islands - 6 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 1,079 (52.40%) Python
2 966 (46.92%) Artificial Intelligence
3 762 (37.01%) Data Science
4 635 (30.84%) AWS
5 603 (29.29%) Agile Software Development
6 594 (28.85%) SQL
7 562 (27.29%) Analytics
8 542 (26.32%) JavaScript
9 499 (24.24%) Java
10 458 (22.24%) Big Data
11 447 (21.71%) Docker
12 443 (21.52%) Degree
13 436 (21.18%) Finance
13 436 (21.18%) Azure
14 431 (20.93%) Software Engineering
15 373 (18.12%) C#
16 344 (16.71%) Microservices
17 319 (15.49%) DevOps
18 318 (15.44%) Kubernetes
19 313 (15.20%) Algorithms
19 313 (15.20%) Computer Science
20 292 (14.18%) R
21 290 (14.08%) .NET
22 268 (13.02%) Analytical Skills
23 255 (12.38%) Apache Spark
24 244 (11.85%) Mathematics
25 238 (11.56%) React
26 236 (11.46%) GCP
27 233 (11.32%) Business Intelligence
28 225 (10.93%) Natural Language Processing

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 255 (12.38%) Apache Spark
2 87 (4.23%) Elasticsearch
3 64 (3.11%) Apache
4 51 (2.48%) SAS
5 42 (2.04%) Jupyter
6 36 (1.75%) Apache Airflow
7 19 (0.92%) Confluence
8 16 (0.78%) WebSphere
9 15 (0.73%) SharePoint
10 13 (0.63%) IBM Domino
11 9 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 9 (0.44%) Mule
12 8 (0.39%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.39%) CMS
12 8 (0.39%) OpenStack
12 8 (0.39%) Oracle Coherence
12 8 (0.39%) Tornado
13 7 (0.34%) Luigi
13 7 (0.34%) nginx
14 6 (0.29%) WordPress
Applications
1 50 (2.43%) Chatbot
2 31 (1.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.44%) S-PLUS
4 9 (0.44%) SPSS
5 5 (0.24%) Figma
5 5 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.15%) Gephi
6 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.097%) InVision
7 2 (0.097%) Sketch
7 2 (0.097%) Stata
8 1 (0.049%) EViews
8 1 (0.049%) Weka
Business Applications
1 10 (0.49%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.39%) R3 Corda
3 7 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.29%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.24%) SAP CRM
5 5 (0.24%) SAP IS-U
6 4 (0.19%) FastStats
7 2 (0.097%) Elite 3E
7 2 (0.097%) Maximo
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle Payables
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
8 1 (0.049%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.049%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 635 (30.84%) AWS
2 436 (21.18%) Azure
3 236 (11.46%) GCP
4 171 (8.31%) Power Platform
5 132 (6.41%) SaaS
6 70 (3.40%) Serverless
7 56 (2.72%) Slack
8 55 (2.67%) Cloud Computing
9 51 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
10 45 (2.19%) Amazon S3
11 44 (2.14%) Dropbox
12 37 (1.80%) OpenShift
13 33 (1.60%) PaaS
14 29 (1.41%) GitHub
15 25 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
15 25 (1.21%) Azure Machine Learning
16 24 (1.17%) IaaS
17 23 (1.12%) Azure Data Factory
18 22 (1.07%) Office 365
19 18 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 57 (2.77%) Internet
2 18 (0.87%) Firewall
3 11 (0.53%) Network Security
4 10 (0.49%) HTTP
5 7 (0.34%) MQTT
6 6 (0.29%) 5G
6 6 (0.29%) WAN
6 6 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
7 5 (0.24%) SSL
7 5 (0.24%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.19%) Skype
9 3 (0.15%) Bluetooth
9 3 (0.15%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.15%) LAN
9 3 (0.15%) RFID
9 3 (0.15%) Unified Communications
9 3 (0.15%) Wireless
10 2 (0.097%) MPLS
10 2 (0.097%) Software-Defined Networking
10 2 (0.097%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 458 (22.24%) Big Data
2 224 (10.88%) Hadoop
3 196 (9.52%) NoSQL
4 188 (9.13%) SQL Server
5 165 (8.01%) Power BI
6 158 (7.67%) MongoDB
7 116 (5.63%) PostgreSQL
8 99 (4.81%) MySQL
9 93 (4.52%) Data Mining
10 91 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
11 83 (4.03%) Data Lake
12 74 (3.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 72 (3.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 71 (3.45%) Relational Database
15 69 (3.35%) Redis
16 65 (3.16%) Apache Cassandra
17 59 (2.87%) Apache Hive
18 57 (2.77%) Amazon Redshift
19 55 (2.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 44 (2.14%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 175 (8.50%) Git (software)
2 87 (4.23%) Jenkins
3 57 (2.77%) JIRA
4 51 (2.48%) Mocha
5 49 (2.38%) Cucumber
6 41 (1.99%) Selenium
7 40 (1.94%) TeamCity
8 39 (1.89%) JUnit
9 33 (1.60%) CircleCI
10 31 (1.51%) Octopus Deploy
11 27 (1.31%) GitLab
11 27 (1.31%) Maven
11 27 (1.31%) MSBuild
12 24 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
12 24 (1.17%) Visual Studio
13 18 (0.87%) webpack
14 15 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 13 (0.63%) Visual Studio Team System
16 12 (0.58%) IntelliJ
17 11 (0.53%) Vagrant
General
1 436 (21.18%) Finance
2 115 (5.59%) Marketing
3 110 (5.34%) Banking
4 80 (3.89%) Retail
5 67 (3.25%) Law
6 56 (2.72%) Front Office
6 56 (2.72%) Legal
7 47 (2.28%) Games
8 36 (1.75%) Telecoms
9 32 (1.55%) Public Sector
10 27 (1.31%) Electronics
11 26 (1.26%) Aerospace
12 24 (1.17%) Manufacturing
13 21 (1.02%) Advertising
13 21 (1.02%) Financial Institution
14 17 (0.83%) Publishing
15 14 (0.68%) Police
16 12 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.49%) Back Office
17 10 (0.49%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 600 (29.14%) Developer
2 287 (13.94%) Data Scientist
3 228 (11.07%) Data Engineer
4 196 (9.52%) Software Engineer
5 132 (6.41%) Architect
6 128 (6.22%) Java Developer
7 106 (5.15%) Senior Developer
8 104 (5.05%) Senior Data Scientist
9 103 (5.00%) Python Engineer
10 100 (4.86%) .NET Developer
11 97 (4.71%) Analyst
12 93 (4.52%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 87 (4.23%) Python Developer
14 82 (3.98%) Full Stack Developer
15 65 (3.16%) DevOps Engineer
16 58 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
17 57 (2.77%) Software Developer
18 56 (2.72%) Java Engineer
19 51 (2.48%) JavaScript Developer
20 47 (2.28%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 290 (14.08%) .NET
2 238 (11.56%) React
3 225 (10.93%) Natural Language Processing
4 214 (10.39%) HTML
5 197 (9.57%) Web Services
6 191 (9.28%) CSS
7 166 (8.06%) Node.js
8 160 (7.77%) AngularJS
9 157 (7.63%) Kafka
10 149 (7.24%) TensorFlow
11 147 (7.14%) .NET Core
12 123 (5.97%) Pandas
13 114 (5.54%) scikit-learn
14 103 (5.00%) NumPy
15 102 (4.95%) .NET Framework
16 79 (3.84%) Keras
17 75 (3.64%) Redux
17 75 (3.64%) Spring
18 70 (3.40%) PyTorch
19 67 (3.25%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 313 (15.20%) Algorithms
2 268 (13.02%) Analytical Skills
3 128 (6.22%) User Experience
4 81 (3.93%) Greenfield Project
5 50 (2.43%) Data Structures
5 50 (2.43%) Hedge funds
6 44 (2.14%) Management Information System
6 44 (2.14%) Mobile App
7 41 (1.99%) Cloud Native
8 39 (1.89%) Robotics
9 32 (1.55%) Social Network
10 31 (1.51%) Enterprise Software
11 30 (1.46%) Equities
12 28 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
13 27 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
14 23 (1.12%) Life Science
15 21 (1.02%) Internet of Things
16 18 (0.87%) NHS
17 17 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
18 16 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 208 (10.10%) Linux
2 53 (2.57%) Windows
3 40 (1.94%) Android
4 31 (1.51%) Apple iOS
5 23 (1.12%) Unix
6 8 (0.39%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.34%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.29%) CentOS
9 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.097%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.049%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.049%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 966 (46.92%) Artificial Intelligence
2 762 (37.01%) Data Science
3 603 (29.29%) Agile Software Development
4 562 (27.29%) Analytics
5 431 (20.93%) Software Engineering
6 344 (16.71%) Microservices
7 319 (15.49%) DevOps
8 313 (15.20%) Computer Science
9 244 (11.85%) Mathematics
10 233 (11.32%) Business Intelligence
11 206 (10.00%) Data Analytics
11 206 (10.00%) Statistics
12 204 (9.91%) Visualisation
13 203 (9.86%) Deep Learning
14 183 (8.89%) Scrum
15 181 (8.79%) Problem-Solving
16 164 (7.97%) Fintech
17 158 (7.67%) Data Modelling
18 148 (7.19%) TDD
19 140 (6.80%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,079 (52.40%) Python
2 594 (28.85%) SQL
3 542 (26.32%) JavaScript
4 499 (24.24%) Java
5 373 (18.12%) C#
6 292 (14.18%) R
7 208 (10.10%) C++
8 185 (8.98%) Scala
9 121 (5.88%) Go
10 84 (4.08%) C
11 56 (2.72%) MATLAB
12 51 (2.48%) TypeScript
13 47 (2.28%) Bash Shell
14 44 (2.14%) PHP
14 44 (2.14%) T-SQL
15 37 (1.80%) Java 8
16 35 (1.70%) F#
17 33 (1.60%) Perl
17 33 (1.60%) Ruby
18 29 (1.41%) Rust
Qualifications
1 443 (21.52%) Degree
2 161 (7.82%) PhD
3 122 (5.93%) Security Cleared
4 105 (5.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 79 (3.84%) DV Cleared
6 61 (2.96%) SC Cleared
7 34 (1.65%) Numerate Degree
8 24 (1.17%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.58%) AWS Certification
10 10 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.15%) CISSP
12 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.097%) CCNA
13 2 (0.097%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.097%) GIAC
13 2 (0.097%) MCSE
13 2 (0.097%) Network+ Certification
13 2 (0.097%) Postgraduate
13 2 (0.097%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (4.66%) QA
2 39 (1.89%) Data Quality
3 32 (1.55%) NIST
4 25 (1.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (1.02%) GDPR
6 14 (0.68%) NCSC
6 14 (0.68%) NIST 800
7 9 (0.44%) Actionable Recommendations
8 3 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 3 (0.15%) PMO
8 3 (0.15%) SLA
9 2 (0.097%) HL7
9 2 (0.097%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.049%) COBIT
10 1 (0.049%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.049%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 447 (21.71%) Docker
2 36 (1.75%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.29%) HDFS
5 6 (0.29%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.24%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.24%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.19%) Gluster
7 4 (0.19%) GlusterFS
7 4 (0.19%) vSphere
8 2 (0.097%) vCloud
8 2 (0.097%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 318 (15.44%) Kubernetes
2 144 (6.99%) Terraform
3 99 (4.81%) Ansible
4 58 (2.82%) Puppet
5 41 (1.99%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.21%) Istio
7 15 (0.73%) Kibana
8 13 (0.63%) Netcool
8 13 (0.63%) Opsview
9 12 (0.58%) Mesos
10 11 (0.53%) Kubeflow
10 11 (0.53%) Marathon
11 10 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (0.49%) Salt
12 8 (0.39%) Grafana
12 8 (0.39%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.34%) Oozie
14 4 (0.19%) SCCM
15 3 (0.15%) SCOM
16 2 (0.097%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 182 (8.84%) Microsoft
2 131 (6.36%) Tableau
3 110 (5.34%) Google
4 60 (2.91%) Databricks
5 44 (2.14%) CrowdStrike
6 43 (2.09%) Oracle
7 34 (1.65%) Splunk
8 20 (0.97%) Blue Prism
9 18 (0.87%) Facebook
9 18 (0.87%) Sparx
9 18 (0.87%) UiPath
9 18 (0.87%) Xamarin
10 17 (0.83%) Automation Anywhere
10 17 (0.83%) SAP
11 16 (0.78%) Informatica
12 15 (0.73%) Alteryx
12 15 (0.73%) IBM
13 14 (0.68%) Cognos
13 14 (0.68%) TOWER Software
14 13 (0.63%) Teradata