Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 108 122 207
Rank change year-on-year +14 +85 +104
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,256 4,450 3,107
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.04% 2.69% 1.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.30% 2.93% 1.92%
Number of salaries quoted 3,270 3,630 2,592
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £101,250 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 128,950 151,697 162,176
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.76% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 101,239 120,729 128,104
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 3,974 £65,000 - 629
London +20 2,416 £75,000 +7.14% 357
UK excluding London +11 1,767 £52,500 - 310
South East +1 566 £55,000 +4.76% 92
South West +29 366 £50,000 -4.76% 53
North of England +73 306 £52,500 +10.53% 48
Scotland +35 187 £45,000 -1.64% 26
North West +42 181 £52,500 +5.00% 36
East of England -63 166 £60,000 - 45
Midlands +53 141 £50,000 +5.26% 34
Yorkshire +46 101 £52,500 +16.67% 11
West Midlands +41 73 £50,000 +5.26% 26
East Midlands +39 68 £50,000 -4.76% 8
Wales +37 38 £37,500 -9.09% 5
North East +44 25 £39,087 -13.14% 1
Northern Ireland -10 1 £50,000 -31.03% 7

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,182 (51.27%) Python
2 1,877 (44.10%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,667 (39.17%) Data Science
4 1,315 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
5 1,260 (29.61%) Analytics
6 1,206 (28.34%) SQL
7 1,178 (27.68%) Big Data
8 1,149 (27.00%) AWS
9 1,127 (26.48%) Java
10 904 (21.24%) Software Engineering
11 881 (20.70%) Degree
12 797 (18.73%) Azure
13 766 (18.00%) Algorithms
14 753 (17.69%) R
15 748 (17.58%) Finance
16 683 (16.05%) Mathematics
17 681 (16.00%) DevOps
18 676 (15.88%) Analytical Skills
19 658 (15.46%) Computer Science
20 653 (15.34%) JavaScript
21 647 (15.20%) Apache Spark
22 618 (14.52%) C#
23 557 (13.09%) Docker
24 538 (12.64%) Deep Learning
25 530 (12.45%) Hadoop
26 527 (12.38%) C++
27 488 (11.47%) Visualisation
28 477 (11.21%) Linux
29 471 (11.07%) Business Intelligence
30 466 (10.95%) GCP

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 647 (15.20%) Apache Spark
2 206 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
3 132 (3.10%) Apache
4 106 (2.49%) SAS
5 82 (1.93%) Apache Pig
6 62 (1.46%) Jupyter
7 53 (1.25%) WebSphere
8 39 (0.92%) CMS
9 36 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
10 32 (0.75%) SharePoint
11 28 (0.66%) Tornado
12 26 (0.61%) Apache Solr
12 26 (0.61%) Confluence
13 18 (0.42%) Luigi
14 17 (0.40%) Ethereum
15 14 (0.33%) Hyperledger
16 13 (0.31%) nginx
17 11 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 8 (0.19%) IPython
18 8 (0.19%) Tomcat
Applications
1 54 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (1.17%) Chatbot
3 41 (0.96%) SPSS
4 15 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.35%) Stata
5 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.21%) Simulink
7 7 (0.16%) Gephi
8 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.14%) Sketch
9 5 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
10 4 (0.094%) GNU Octave
10 4 (0.094%) InVision
10 4 (0.094%) Stateflow
11 3 (0.070%) Weka
12 2 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.047%) Mathematica
12 2 (0.047%) Microsoft Office
12 2 (0.047%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 17 (0.40%) PolarLake
2 16 (0.38%) Eagle PACE
2 16 (0.38%) Markit EDM
3 10 (0.23%) Summit
4 7 (0.16%) MultiChain
4 7 (0.16%) Quorum
5 6 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.12%) SAP FI-GL
7 4 (0.094%) FINCAD Analytics
8 2 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.023%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 1 (0.023%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.023%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.023%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.023%) SAP GTS
9 1 (0.023%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.023%) Siebel CRM
9 1 (0.023%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.023%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,149 (27.00%) AWS
2 797 (18.73%) Azure
3 466 (10.95%) GCP
4 193 (4.53%) Power Platform
5 156 (3.67%) SaaS
6 155 (3.64%) Serverless
7 130 (3.05%) Cloud Computing
8 101 (2.37%) Azure Machine Learning
9 90 (2.11%) Amazon S3
10 84 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
11 70 (1.64%) Azure Data Factory
12 62 (1.46%) PaaS
13 59 (1.39%) Amazon EC2
14 57 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
15 51 (1.20%) Amazon ECS
16 48 (1.13%) Amazon EMR
17 44 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
18 40 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
19 30 (0.70%) GitHub
20 29 (0.68%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 53 (1.25%) Internet
2 29 (0.68%) HTTP
3 25 (0.59%) Wireless
4 24 (0.56%) Broadband
5 18 (0.42%) VPN
6 16 (0.38%) DNS
7 12 (0.28%) Firewall
7 12 (0.28%) HTTPS
7 12 (0.28%) SSL
8 11 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
9 10 (0.23%) Network Security
9 10 (0.23%) TCP/IP
10 9 (0.21%) Bluetooth
10 9 (0.21%) Cisco ASA
10 9 (0.21%) Ethernet
10 9 (0.21%) Skype
10 9 (0.21%) VoIP
11 8 (0.19%) MPLS
12 7 (0.16%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
12 7 (0.16%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,178 (27.68%) Big Data
2 530 (12.45%) Hadoop
3 375 (8.81%) NoSQL
4 266 (6.25%) SQL Server
5 245 (5.76%) Data Mining
6 230 (5.40%) Data Warehouse
7 217 (5.10%) Apache Hive
8 216 (5.08%) PostgreSQL
9 193 (4.53%) Power BI
10 190 (4.46%) MongoDB
11 157 (3.69%) Relational Database
12 156 (3.67%) MySQL
13 137 (3.22%) Data Lake
14 109 (2.56%) Blockchain
15 105 (2.47%) Amazon Redshift
16 94 (2.21%) Redis
17 85 (2.00%) HBase
18 82 (1.93%) BigQuery
19 72 (1.69%) Impala
19 72 (1.69%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 401 (9.42%) Git (software)
2 251 (5.90%) Jenkins
3 147 (3.45%) JIRA
4 94 (2.21%) Selenium
5 85 (2.00%) Maven
6 58 (1.36%) Bitbucket
7 49 (1.15%) JUnit
8 46 (1.08%) git-flow
9 45 (1.06%) Subversion
10 41 (0.96%) Bitbucket Server
11 34 (0.80%) Cucumber
12 32 (0.75%) GitLab
12 32 (0.75%) TeamCity
12 32 (0.75%) webpack
13 31 (0.73%) Visual Studio
14 30 (0.70%) Hudson
15 26 (0.61%) Eclipse
16 25 (0.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 22 (0.52%) Jasmine
18 21 (0.49%) CruiseControl
General
1 748 (17.58%) Finance
2 314 (7.38%) Marketing
3 265 (6.23%) Banking
4 256 (6.02%) Retail
5 147 (3.45%) Law
6 117 (2.75%) Games
7 116 (2.73%) Front Office
8 94 (2.21%) Telecoms
9 84 (1.97%) Public Sector
10 80 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 71 (1.67%) Electronics
12 56 (1.32%) Legal
13 50 (1.17%) Pharmaceutical
14 43 (1.01%) Advertising
15 42 (0.99%) Military
16 38 (0.89%) Automotive
17 37 (0.87%) Financial Institution
18 34 (0.80%) Publishing
19 27 (0.63%) Billing
20 16 (0.38%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,095 (25.73%) Developer
2 800 (18.80%) Data Scientist
3 400 (9.40%) Software Engineer
4 344 (8.08%) Data Engineer
5 285 (6.70%) Java Developer
6 277 (6.51%) Architect
7 275 (6.46%) Senior Data Scientist
8 208 (4.89%) Senior Developer
9 204 (4.79%) Python Engineer
10 202 (4.75%) Analyst
11 201 (4.72%) Python Developer
12 187 (4.39%) Consultant
13 182 (4.28%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 173 (4.06%) DevOps Engineer
15 128 (3.01%) AWS Engineer
16 116 (2.73%) .NET Developer
17 114 (2.68%) Senior Software Engineer
18 106 (2.49%) Machine Learning Developer
18 106 (2.49%) Software Developer
19 104 (2.44%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 440 (10.34%) Natural Language Processing
2 390 (9.16%) Web Services
3 365 (8.58%) React
4 354 (8.32%) TensorFlow
5 351 (8.25%) .NET
6 312 (7.33%) HTML
7 302 (7.10%) Node.js
8 283 (6.65%) AngularJS
9 281 (6.60%) Kafka
10 255 (5.99%) scikit-learn
11 246 (5.78%) CSS
12 221 (5.19%) Pandas
13 199 (4.68%) RESTful
13 199 (4.68%) Spring
14 179 (4.21%) NumPy
15 159 (3.74%) Keras
16 155 (3.64%) REST
17 116 (2.73%) Spring Boot
18 114 (2.68%) HTML5
19 108 (2.54%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 766 (18.00%) Algorithms
2 676 (15.88%) Analytical Skills
3 230 (5.40%) Robotics
4 216 (5.08%) User Experience
5 195 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
6 133 (3.13%) Data Structures
7 79 (1.86%) Management Information System
8 77 (1.81%) Social Media
9 66 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
9 66 (1.55%) Social Network
10 59 (1.39%) Virtual Team
11 52 (1.22%) Analytical Mindset
11 52 (1.22%) Mobile App
12 50 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
13 44 (1.03%) Equities
14 43 (1.01%) Cyber Kill Chain
15 42 (0.99%) Cloud Native
15 42 (0.99%) Internet of Things
16 39 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
17 38 (0.89%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 477 (11.21%) Linux
2 130 (3.05%) Windows
3 126 (2.96%) Unix
4 82 (1.93%) Android
5 50 (1.17%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.52%) Ubuntu
7 18 (0.42%) CentOS
8 8 (0.19%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.12%) VxWorks
10 3 (0.070%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.047%) Robot Operating System
12 1 (0.023%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.023%) Debian
12 1 (0.023%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.023%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.023%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.023%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.023%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,877 (44.10%) Artificial Intelligence
2 1,667 (39.17%) Data Science
3 1,315 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
4 1,260 (29.61%) Analytics
5 904 (21.24%) Software Engineering
6 683 (16.05%) Mathematics
7 681 (16.00%) DevOps
8 658 (15.46%) Computer Science
9 538 (12.64%) Deep Learning
10 488 (11.47%) Visualisation
11 471 (11.07%) Business Intelligence
12 419 (9.84%) Statistics
13 415 (9.75%) Data Analytics
14 399 (9.38%) Microservices
15 396 (9.30%) Problem-Solving
16 344 (8.08%) Data Analysis
16 344 (8.08%) Mentoring
17 309 (7.26%) Scrum
18 279 (6.56%) TDD
19 276 (6.48%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 2,182 (51.27%) Python
2 1,206 (28.34%) SQL
3 1,127 (26.48%) Java
4 753 (17.69%) R
5 653 (15.34%) JavaScript
6 618 (14.52%) C#
7 527 (12.38%) C++
8 369 (8.67%) Scala
9 233 (5.47%) C
10 166 (3.90%) TypeScript
11 150 (3.52%) MATLAB
12 147 (3.45%) Bash Shell
13 128 (3.01%) PHP
14 123 (2.89%) Java 8
15 105 (2.47%) Go
16 73 (1.72%) Perl
17 66 (1.55%) ES6
18 56 (1.32%) VBA
19 50 (1.17%) Ruby
20 48 (1.13%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 881 (20.70%) Degree
2 410 (9.63%) PhD
3 180 (4.23%) Security Cleared
4 172 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 130 (3.05%) Numerate Degree
6 104 (2.44%) Master's Degree
7 93 (2.19%) DV Cleared
8 82 (1.93%) SC Cleared
9 41 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 25 (0.59%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.31%) DBS Check
12 9 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.19%) MCSA
14 7 (0.16%) Postgraduate
15 6 (0.14%) MBA
16 5 (0.12%) CCENT
16 5 (0.12%) CGEIT
16 5 (0.12%) MCP
16 5 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
17 4 (0.094%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (4.86%) QA
2 92 (2.16%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.45%) Actionable Recommendations
4 18 (0.42%) GDPR
5 13 (0.31%) SLA
6 10 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.23%) PMO
7 4 (0.094%) IFRS
8 3 (0.070%) NIST
9 2 (0.047%) IFRS 9
9 2 (0.047%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.047%) MISRA
9 2 (0.047%) Solvency II
10 1 (0.023%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 557 (13.09%) Docker
2 59 (1.39%) Apache Flume
3 45 (1.06%) HDFS
4 44 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 19 (0.45%) Firmware
6 17 (0.40%) Active Directory
7 16 (0.38%) IAG
8 14 (0.33%) VirtualBox
9 9 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.16%) XenApp
10 7 (0.16%) XenDesktop
11 5 (0.12%) Cronacle
11 5 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
12 2 (0.047%) vCloud
13 1 (0.023%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 388 (9.12%) Kubernetes
2 222 (5.22%) Terraform
3 143 (3.36%) Ansible
4 103 (2.42%) Oozie
5 76 (1.79%) Puppet
6 73 (1.72%) Opscode Chef
7 31 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
8 30 (0.70%) Istio
9 23 (0.54%) Kibana
10 21 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
11 19 (0.45%) Consul
12 14 (0.33%) Packer
13 12 (0.28%) Salt
14 10 (0.23%) Ambari
15 9 (0.21%) Nagios
16 8 (0.19%) FortiGate
16 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Intune
17 7 (0.16%) HP Data Protector
17 7 (0.16%) NetBackup
18 5 (0.12%) Control-M
Vendors
1 337 (7.92%) Google
2 336 (7.89%) Microsoft
3 208 (4.89%) Tableau
4 125 (2.94%) Oracle
5 118 (2.77%) Splunk
6 102 (2.40%) Cloudera
7 80 (1.88%) Databricks
8 67 (1.57%) Informatica
9 59 (1.39%) SAP
10 48 (1.13%) WorldPay
11 38 (0.89%) Blue Prism
11 38 (0.89%) Hortonworks
12 35 (0.82%) IBM
13 31 (0.73%) UiPath
14 27 (0.63%) Adobe
15 26 (0.61%) Alteryx
16 25 (0.59%) Automation Anywhere
17 24 (0.56%) Salesforce.com
18 23 (0.54%) Bloomberg
18 23 (0.54%) Intel