Period
to 23 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
23 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 117 211 335
Rank change year-on-year +94 +124 +307
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 4,877 3,003 1,968
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.82% 1.69% 0.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.11% 1.86% 1.08%
Number of salaries quoted 3,985 2,495 1,767
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,958 161,209 182,191
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.63% 90.77% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 125,377 129,352 151,685
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,883 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.23% +5.02% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 23 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 23 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +94 4,634 £63,500 +1.60% 579
London +74 2,666 £70,000 +3.70% 326
UK excluding London +95 2,159 £52,500 +5.00% 284
South East +149 757 £55,000 - 77
East of England +42 556 £60,000 +20.00% 65
South West +98 272 £52,500 +5.00% 47
North of England -16 244 £50,000 -4.76% 38
North West -25 198 £50,000 -2.91% 27
Scotland +17 182 £48,750 -2.50% 23
Midlands +50 132 £47,500 +18.75% 25
West Midlands +56 90 £47,500 +18.75% 12
East Midlands +2 42 £46,500 +16.25% 13
Yorkshire +37 36 £45,000 -21.74% 9
Wales +6 15 £46,200 +2.67% 6
North East -25 10 £55,500 +58.57% 2
Northern Ireland - 3 £50,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 23 July 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 2,668 (54.71%) Python
2 1,888 (38.71%) Data Science
3 1,823 (37.38%) Artificial Intelligence
4 1,649 (33.81%) Java
5 1,538 (31.54%) Big Data
6 1,380 (28.30%) Analytics
7 1,352 (27.72%) SQL
8 1,276 (26.16%) Agile Software Development
9 1,199 (24.58%) Algorithms
10 1,114 (22.84%) Computer Science
11 1,095 (22.45%) C++
12 1,073 (22.00%) Degree
13 1,045 (21.43%) Software Engineering
14 981 (20.11%) Mathematics
15 917 (18.80%) Amazon AWS
16 899 (18.43%) Finance
17 848 (17.39%) Apache Spark
18 847 (17.37%) R
19 844 (17.31%) PhD
20 771 (15.81%) JavaScript
21 756 (15.50%) Hadoop
22 741 (15.19%) Deep Learning
23 738 (15.13%) Natural Language Processing
24 692 (14.19%) Linux
25 642 (13.16%) C#
26 611 (12.53%) Scala
27 609 (12.49%) NoSQL
28 592 (12.14%) Microsoft Azure
29 561 (11.50%) Statistics
30 536 (10.99%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 848 (17.39%) Apache Spark
2 209 (4.29%) Elasticsearch
3 166 (3.40%) SAS
4 141 (2.89%) Apache
5 51 (1.05%) Apache Solr
6 49 (1.00%) Apache Pig
7 43 (0.88%) JBoss
7 43 (0.88%) Tomcat
8 40 (0.82%) Confluence
9 36 (0.74%) Ethereum
10 28 (0.57%) Hyperledger
11 27 (0.55%) Jupyter
12 26 (0.53%) CMS
12 26 (0.53%) SharePoint
13 20 (0.41%) WordPress
14 13 (0.27%) nginx
15 10 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
16 8 (0.16%) WildFly
17 7 (0.14%) IIS
17 7 (0.14%) IPython
Applications
1 76 (1.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (1.15%) Chatbot
3 51 (1.05%) SPSS
4 28 (0.57%) GNU Octave
5 25 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 23 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
7 18 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 11 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
9 10 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
9 10 (0.21%) Photoshop
10 9 (0.18%) Stata
10 9 (0.18%) Weka
11 3 (0.062%) RoboHelp
12 2 (0.041%) Mathematica
12 2 (0.041%) Simulink
12 2 (0.041%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 1 (0.021%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.021%) Mingle
13 1 (0.021%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
2 15 (0.31%) Ripple
3 11 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.16%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.082%) Oracle Payables
6 4 (0.082%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.082%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.082%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
6 4 (0.082%) SAP Retail
7 3 (0.062%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.062%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.062%) Oracle Payroll
8 2 (0.041%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.041%) JDE OneWorld
8 2 (0.041%) Magento
8 2 (0.041%) SAP InfiniteInsight
8 2 (0.041%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.041%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 917 (18.80%) Amazon AWS
2 592 (12.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 163 (3.34%) Google Cloud Platform
3 163 (3.34%) Serverless
4 154 (3.16%) Azure Data Factory
5 128 (2.62%) Cloud Computing
6 107 (2.19%) GitHub
7 96 (1.97%) SaaS
8 88 (1.80%) IaaS
9 85 (1.74%) Amazon S3
10 82 (1.68%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
11 77 (1.58%) Azure Machine Learning
12 74 (1.52%) PaaS
13 70 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
14 61 (1.25%) Amazon Kinesis
15 54 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
16 44 (0.90%) Amazon EMR
17 37 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
18 26 (0.53%) Office 365
19 19 (0.39%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 81 (1.66%) Internet
2 80 (1.64%) HTTP
3 21 (0.43%) Sourcefire
4 20 (0.41%) Firewall
5 13 (0.27%) Bluetooth
5 13 (0.27%) DNS
5 13 (0.27%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
6 12 (0.25%) DAB
6 12 (0.25%) Network Security
7 11 (0.23%) NFC
7 11 (0.23%) Skype
8 10 (0.21%) Intranet
8 10 (0.21%) SMS
8 10 (0.21%) TCP/IP
9 9 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
10 8 (0.16%) VPN
11 7 (0.14%) FTP
11 7 (0.14%) WebEx
12 5 (0.10%) Cisco IOS
12 5 (0.10%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,538 (31.54%) Big Data
2 756 (15.50%) Hadoop
3 609 (12.49%) NoSQL
4 326 (6.68%) MongoDB
5 268 (5.50%) Power BI
6 264 (5.41%) PostgreSQL
7 262 (5.37%) Data Warehouse
8 253 (5.19%) Apache Cassandra
9 252 (5.17%) Data Mining
10 251 (5.15%) Apache Hive
11 236 (4.84%) SQL Server
12 230 (4.72%) Data Lake
13 225 (4.61%) Blockchain
14 222 (4.55%) Relational Database
15 162 (3.32%) MySQL
16 153 (3.14%) Azure SQL Database
17 119 (2.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 108 (2.21%) Amazon Redshift
19 106 (2.17%) HBase
20 103 (2.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 491 (10.07%) Git (software)
2 227 (4.65%) Jenkins
3 116 (2.38%) Maven
4 108 (2.21%) Visual Studio
5 87 (1.78%) JUnit
6 83 (1.70%) Selenium
7 70 (1.44%) JIRA
8 65 (1.33%) Gradle
8 65 (1.33%) TeamCity
9 55 (1.13%) Subversion
10 50 (1.03%) Cucumber
11 32 (0.66%) Mockito
12 28 (0.57%) Octopus Deploy
13 26 (0.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 25 (0.51%) CircleCI
15 23 (0.47%) gulp
15 23 (0.47%) NUnit
16 20 (0.41%) Eclipse
16 20 (0.41%) GitLab
16 20 (0.41%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 899 (18.43%) Finance
2 330 (6.77%) Marketing
3 302 (6.19%) Banking
4 275 (5.64%) Retail
5 163 (3.34%) Advertising
6 141 (2.89%) Games
7 131 (2.69%) Electronics
8 124 (2.54%) Telecoms
9 97 (1.99%) Investment Banking
10 95 (1.95%) Financial Institution
11 85 (1.74%) Law
12 84 (1.72%) Manufacturing
13 76 (1.56%) Front Office
14 51 (1.05%) Publishing
15 43 (0.88%) Retail Banking
16 30 (0.62%) Legal
17 23 (0.47%) Automotive
17 23 (0.47%) Military
17 23 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
18 16 (0.33%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,307 (26.80%) Developer
2 893 (18.31%) Data Scientist
3 471 (9.66%) Software Engineer
4 366 (7.50%) Java Developer
5 290 (5.95%) Data Engineer
6 276 (5.66%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 249 (5.11%) Senior Data Scientist
8 243 (4.98%) Architect
9 231 (4.74%) Python Developer
10 217 (4.45%) Consultant
11 212 (4.35%) Senior Developer
12 193 (3.96%) Graduate
13 188 (3.85%) Python Engineer
14 179 (3.67%) Analyst
15 178 (3.65%) Software Developer
16 158 (3.24%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 123 (2.52%) Lead Developer
17 123 (2.52%) Machine Learning Developer
18 120 (2.46%) Java Engineer
19 119 (2.44%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 738 (15.13%) Natural Language Processing
2 468 (9.60%) TensorFlow
3 390 (8.00%) Web Services
4 373 (7.65%) AngularJS
5 360 (7.38%) React
6 350 (7.18%) RESTful
7 342 (7.01%) HTML
8 328 (6.73%) CSS
9 321 (6.58%) Node.js
10 306 (6.27%) Kafka
11 304 (6.23%) .NET
12 213 (4.37%) scikit-learn
13 203 (4.16%) NumPy
14 195 (4.00%) Pandas
15 162 (3.32%) SciPy
16 159 (3.26%) REST
17 158 (3.24%) Keras
18 140 (2.87%) Django
19 139 (2.85%) Spring
20 127 (2.60%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,199 (24.58%) Algorithms
2 1,114 (22.84%) Computer Science
3 492 (10.09%) Analytical Skills
4 364 (7.46%) Fintech
5 263 (5.39%) Greenfield Project
6 222 (4.55%) Data Structures
7 217 (4.45%) User Experience
8 157 (3.22%) Robotics
9 95 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
10 88 (1.80%) Mobile App
11 77 (1.58%) Hedge funds
12 76 (1.56%) Cyberthreat
13 68 (1.39%) Social Media
14 66 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
15 57 (1.17%) Equities
16 45 (0.92%) Management Information System
17 43 (0.88%) Life Science
18 35 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
19 33 (0.68%) Smart City
20 31 (0.64%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 692 (14.19%) Linux
2 118 (2.42%) Windows
3 92 (1.89%) Unix
4 63 (1.29%) Android
5 57 (1.17%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.35%) Ubuntu
7 13 (0.27%) CentOS
7 13 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
8 10 (0.21%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.18%) Solaris
10 7 (0.14%) Mac OS
11 6 (0.12%) Debian
11 6 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.082%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.082%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.082%) Windows Server
13 3 (0.062%) CoreOS
13 3 (0.062%) VMS
13 3 (0.062%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.041%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,888 (38.71%) Data Science
2 1,823 (37.38%) Artificial Intelligence
3 1,380 (28.30%) Analytics
4 1,276 (26.16%) Agile Software Development
5 1,045 (21.43%) Software Engineering
6 981 (20.11%) Mathematics
7 741 (15.19%) Deep Learning
8 561 (11.50%) Statistics
9 536 (10.99%) TDD
10 531 (10.89%) Business Intelligence
11 516 (10.58%) Data Analytics
12 512 (10.50%) DevOps
13 496 (10.17%) Problem-Solving
14 478 (9.80%) Visualisation
15 422 (8.65%) Neural Network
16 416 (8.53%) Microservices
17 397 (8.14%) Data Analysis
18 395 (8.10%) Scrum
19 350 (7.18%) Physics
20 331 (6.79%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 2,668 (54.71%) Python
2 1,649 (33.81%) Java
3 1,352 (27.72%) SQL
4 1,095 (22.45%) C++
5 847 (17.37%) R
6 771 (15.81%) JavaScript
7 642 (13.16%) C#
8 611 (12.53%) Scala
9 481 (9.86%) C
10 321 (6.58%) MATLAB
11 171 (3.51%) Ruby
12 165 (3.38%) Go
13 112 (2.30%) Shell Script
14 97 (1.99%) PHP
15 90 (1.85%) Bash Shell
16 85 (1.74%) Java 8
17 72 (1.48%) U-SQL
18 60 (1.23%) TypeScript
19 58 (1.19%) Kotlin
20 57 (1.17%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,073 (22.00%) Degree
2 844 (17.31%) PhD
3 308 (6.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 146 (2.99%) Numerate Degree
5 108 (2.21%) Master's Degree
6 64 (1.31%) Security Cleared
7 38 (0.78%) CISSP
8 31 (0.64%) SC Cleared
9 23 (0.47%) CEH
9 23 (0.47%) GCIH
10 21 (0.43%) OSCP
11 20 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
12 18 (0.37%) AWS Certification
13 17 (0.35%) DV Cleared
14 14 (0.29%) SANS
15 12 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
16 11 (0.23%) CISM
16 11 (0.23%) CSSLP
17 6 (0.12%) CCNA
17 6 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (3.28%) QA
2 64 (1.31%) GCP
3 46 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 37 (0.76%) GDPR
5 21 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (0.23%) HIPAA
7 8 (0.16%) GPG13
8 6 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
8 6 (0.12%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.10%) IEC 61508
9 5 (0.10%) ISO 26262
9 5 (0.10%) MISRA
9 5 (0.10%) MISRA C
10 4 (0.082%) SEPA
11 3 (0.062%) SLA
12 2 (0.041%) COBIT
12 2 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
12 2 (0.041%) EMIR
12 2 (0.041%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 2 (0.041%) Solvency II
System Software
1 466 (9.56%) Docker
2 163 (3.34%) HDFS
3 81 (1.66%) Apache Flume
4 72 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
6 21 (0.43%) Snort
7 13 (0.27%) VirtualBox
8 12 (0.25%) Active Directory
8 12 (0.25%) LXC
9 9 (0.18%) Firmware
10 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.10%) Xen
12 4 (0.082%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.041%) iptables
13 2 (0.041%) XenApp
13 2 (0.041%) XenDesktop
14 1 (0.021%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 222 (4.55%) Kubernetes
2 123 (2.52%) Ansible
3 102 (2.09%) Puppet
4 83 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
5 65 (1.33%) Hadoop YARN
6 45 (0.92%) Terraform
7 37 (0.76%) Mesos
8 29 (0.59%) Prometheus
9 28 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
10 21 (0.43%) Suricata
11 19 (0.39%) Grafana
11 19 (0.39%) Kibana
12 18 (0.37%) Oozie
13 12 (0.25%) Salt
14 11 (0.23%) logstash
15 10 (0.21%) Marathon
16 9 (0.18%) QRadar
17 6 (0.12%) Graphite
17 6 (0.12%) Nagios
17 6 (0.12%) Packer
Vendors
1 397 (8.14%) Microsoft
2 283 (5.80%) Tableau
3 268 (5.50%) Google
4 181 (3.71%) Oracle
5 109 (2.23%) Cloudera
6 100 (2.05%) SAP
7 92 (1.89%) Hortonworks
8 50 (1.03%) Facebook
9 49 (1.00%) IBM
10 36 (0.74%) Splunk
11 32 (0.66%) MapR
11 32 (0.66%) Sybase
12 29 (0.59%) VMware
13 27 (0.55%) Talend
14 26 (0.53%) Capita
15 25 (0.51%) Databricks
16 24 (0.49%) Twitter
17 22 (0.45%) Salesforce.com
18 21 (0.43%) TippingPoint
19 20 (0.41%) Cisco