Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36749 40672 47195
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.88% 20.64% 21.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.55% 39.39% 42.22%
Number of salaries quoted 30867 35574 40904
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £44,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,000 £26,750
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Programming Language Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 97871 103266 111784
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 55.60% 52.40% 51.21%
Number of salaries quoted 80870 89392 95202
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +1.27%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34561 £45,000 - 2281
UK excluding London 0 21883 £40,000 - 1536
London 0 14366 £55,000 - 882
South East 0 6275 £42,500 - 381
North of England 0 6015 £40,000 +6.67% 472
Midlands -1 3481 £40,000 +6.67% 236
North West 0 3230 £40,000 +5.26% 257
Yorkshire 0 2549 £42,500 +13.33% 192
West Midlands 0 2249 £40,000 +6.67% 129
East of England -2 2242 £42,500 - 150
South West -1 2153 £39,000 -2.50% 155
Scotland 0 1249 £40,000 -3.43% 99
East Midlands 0 1227 £39,000 +1.30% 107
Wales 0 415 £38,500 +6.94% 32
North East +3 237 £40,000 +12.28% 23
Northern Ireland +2 127 £37,500 - 10
Isle of Man -5 9 £50,000 +11.11% 2
Channel Islands -2 1 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 13237 (36.02%) SQL Server
2 11565 (31.47%) .NET
3 11481 (31.24%) C#
4 11347 (30.88%) Agile Software Development
5 9436 (25.68%) Finance
6 9402 (25.58%) JavaScript
7 9185 (24.99%) Microsoft
8 8056 (21.92%) HTML
9 7786 (21.19%) Java
10 6743 (18.35%) CSS
11 6374 (17.34%) Oracle
12 6119 (16.65%) ASP.NET
13 6083 (16.55%) MVC
14 5911 (16.08%) T-SQL
15 5831 (15.87%) Business Intelligence
16 5793 (15.76%) Windows
17 5491 (14.94%) Degree
18 4438 (12.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 4430 (12.05%) Linux
20 4309 (11.73%) Analytical Skills
21 4301 (11.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
22 3774 (10.27%) TDD
23 3767 (10.25%) Python
24 3765 (10.25%) XML
25 3708 (10.09%) Scrum
26 3691 (10.04%) Web Services
27 3652 (9.94%) AngularJS
28 3620 (9.85%) jQuery
29 3495 (9.51%) Data Warehouse
30 3424 (9.32%) Analytics

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1529 (4.16%) IIS
2 1422 (3.87%) SharePoint
3 1055 (2.87%) SAS
4 1018 (2.77%) Tomcat
5 863 (2.35%) Apache
6 701 (1.91%) MS Exchange
7 680 (1.85%) Apache Spark
8 678 (1.84%) CMS
9 617 (1.68%) JBoss
10 498 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
11 452 (1.23%) WebSphere
12 413 (1.12%) Confluence
13 407 (1.11%) WebLogic
14 371 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 335 (0.91%) Exchange Server 2010
16 285 (0.78%) BizTalk Server
17 266 (0.72%) Exchange Server 2013
18 214 (0.58%) Umbraco
19 193 (0.53%) Skype for Business
20 183 (0.50%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2462 (6.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 1234 (3.36%) Microsoft Office
3 385 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 297 (0.81%) MS Visio
5 267 (0.73%) SPSS
6 149 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
7 95 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 85 (0.23%) Photoshop
9 41 (0.11%) FileZilla
10 39 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
11 18 (0.049%) Stata
12 17 (0.046%) SPSS Modeler
13 10 (0.027%) Chatbot
14 8 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 8 (0.022%) InfoPath
15 6 (0.016%) EngageOne
16 5 (0.014%) EViews
16 5 (0.014%) PaintShop Pro
16 5 (0.014%) SOLIDWORKS
16 5 (0.014%) Weka
Business Applications
1 602 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 288 (0.78%) Dynamics AX
3 248 (0.67%) Oracle EBS
4 230 (0.63%) Dynamics NAV
5 164 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
6 99 (0.27%) Actimize
7 88 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
8 79 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
9 78 (0.21%) Markit EDM
9 78 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
10 77 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 71 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
12 70 (0.19%) Magento
13 65 (0.18%) ION MarketView
13 65 (0.18%) Maximo
14 61 (0.17%) Oracle 11i
14 61 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
15 59 (0.16%) Eloqua
16 57 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
17 55 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 3112 (8.47%) Microsoft Azure
2 2351 (6.40%) Amazon AWS
3 915 (2.49%) SaaS
4 704 (1.92%) Office 365
5 527 (1.43%) GitHub
6 337 (0.92%) PaaS
7 280 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
8 273 (0.74%) IaaS
9 266 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
10 185 (0.50%) Google Analytics
11 143 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
12 142 (0.39%) Dynamics 365
13 83 (0.23%) Amazon S3
14 81 (0.22%) Azure Active Directory
15 68 (0.19%) Azure Data Factory
16 67 (0.18%) Azure Machine Learning
17 66 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
18 63 (0.17%) Amazon SQS
19 55 (0.15%) AWS Lambda
20 52 (0.14%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 844 (2.30%) Firewall
2 778 (2.12%) DNS
3 734 (2.00%) TCP/IP
4 648 (1.76%) Internet
5 598 (1.63%) HTTP
6 564 (1.53%) SAN
7 461 (1.25%) DHCP
8 398 (1.08%) WAN
9 391 (1.06%) LAN
10 287 (0.78%) VPN
11 227 (0.62%) SSL
12 200 (0.54%) Intranet
13 191 (0.52%) FTP
14 168 (0.46%) VoIP
15 155 (0.42%) VLAN
16 147 (0.40%) SMTP
17 127 (0.35%) Network Security
18 120 (0.33%) Wireless
19 119 (0.32%) Skype
20 113 (0.31%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13237 (36.02%) SQL Server
2 4438 (12.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4301 (11.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3495 (9.51%) Data Warehouse
5 2739 (7.45%) Relational Database
6 2467 (6.71%) MySQL
7 2385 (6.49%) NoSQL
8 2368 (6.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1831 (4.98%) SQL Server 2008
10 1812 (4.93%) Big Data
11 1498 (4.08%) SQL Server 2012
12 1433 (3.90%) Oracle Database
13 1420 (3.86%) MongoDB
14 1220 (3.32%) Power BI
15 1138 (3.10%) Hadoop
16 1095 (2.98%) RDBMS
17 1050 (2.86%) SQL Server 2014
18 874 (2.38%) QlikView
19 871 (2.37%) PostgreSQL
20 757 (2.06%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 2713 (7.38%) Git (software)
2 2134 (5.81%) Visual Studio
3 1847 (5.03%) JIRA
4 1673 (4.55%) Team Foundation Server
5 1492 (4.06%) Selenium
6 1478 (4.02%) Jenkins
7 1354 (3.68%) Subversion
8 949 (2.58%) JUnit
9 861 (2.34%) Maven
10 755 (2.05%) NUnit
11 742 (2.02%) TeamCity
12 640 (1.74%) Cucumber
13 413 (1.12%) Eclipse
14 409 (1.11%) WebDriver
15 375 (1.02%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 349 (0.95%) SpecFlow
17 344 (0.94%) Oracle Forms
18 320 (0.87%) Octopus Deploy
19 293 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 271 (0.74%) SoapUI
General
1 9436 (25.68%) Finance
2 2918 (7.94%) Banking
3 2240 (6.10%) Retail
4 2017 (5.49%) Marketing
5 1267 (3.45%) Investment Banking
6 971 (2.64%) Telecoms
7 957 (2.60%) Manufacturing
8 813 (2.21%) Front Office
9 784 (2.13%) Advertising
10 729 (1.98%) Retail Banking
11 643 (1.75%) Legal
12 612 (1.67%) Electronics
13 606 (1.65%) Games
14 439 (1.19%) Financial Institution
15 434 (1.18%) Back Office
16 370 (1.01%) Publishing
17 359 (0.98%) Law
18 202 (0.55%) Automotive
19 154 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
20 124 (0.34%) Billing
Job Titles
1 17363 (47.25%) Developer
2 6549 (17.82%) Analyst
3 5061 (13.77%) .NET Developer
4 4647 (12.65%) C# Developer
5 3771 (10.26%) SQL Developer
6 3151 (8.57%) Senior Developer
7 3002 (8.17%) C# .NET Developer
8 2733 (7.44%) Java Developer
9 2249 (6.12%) Software Developer
10 1743 (4.74%) Applications Support
11 1686 (4.59%) Support Analyst
12 1657 (4.51%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1590 (4.33%) DBA
14 1447 (3.94%) Consultant
15 1443 (3.93%) SQL Analyst
16 1442 (3.92%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1381 (3.76%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 1370 (3.73%) Software Engineer
19 1213 (3.30%) Junior
20 1152 (3.13%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11565 (31.47%) .NET
2 8056 (21.92%) HTML
3 6743 (18.35%) CSS
4 6119 (16.65%) ASP.NET
5 3765 (10.25%) XML
6 3691 (10.04%) Web Services
7 3652 (9.94%) AngularJS
8 3620 (9.85%) jQuery
9 3061 (8.33%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2589 (7.05%) .NET Framework
11 2306 (6.28%) HTML5
12 2145 (5.84%) Spring
13 1863 (5.07%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1802 (4.90%) REST
15 1665 (4.53%) WCF
16 1509 (4.11%) SOAP
17 1440 (3.92%) RESTful
18 1437 (3.91%) Entity Framework
19 1346 (3.66%) Hibernate
20 1330 (3.62%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 4309 (11.73%) Analytical Skills
2 3022 (8.22%) Computer Science
3 1339 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
4 985 (2.68%) User Experience
5 905 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
6 844 (2.30%) Management Information System
7 823 (2.24%) Fintech
8 743 (2.02%) Mobile App
9 698 (1.90%) Algorithms
10 647 (1.76%) Data Structures
11 607 (1.65%) Clustering
12 536 (1.46%) Replication
13 512 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 509 (1.39%) Derivative
15 489 (1.33%) Equities
16 462 (1.26%) Fixed Income
17 396 (1.08%) Client/Server
18 395 (1.07%) Hedge funds
19 371 (1.01%) Credit Risk
20 363 (0.99%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 5793 (15.76%) Windows
2 4430 (12.05%) Linux
3 2732 (7.43%) Unix
4 2149 (5.85%) Windows Server
5 897 (2.44%) Windows Server 2008
6 849 (2.31%) Windows Server 2012
7 735 (2.00%) Android
8 554 (1.51%) Apple iOS
9 468 (1.27%) Windows 7
10 303 (0.82%) Windows 10
11 270 (0.73%) Windows Server 2003
12 231 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 205 (0.56%) Solaris
14 173 (0.47%) Windows 8
15 130 (0.35%) CentOS
16 115 (0.31%) AIX
17 102 (0.28%) Ubuntu
18 79 (0.21%) Windows XP
19 65 (0.18%) Windows Embedded Compact
20 59 (0.16%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 11347 (30.88%) Agile Software Development
2 6083 (16.55%) MVC
3 5831 (15.87%) Business Intelligence
4 3774 (10.27%) TDD
5 3708 (10.09%) Scrum
6 3424 (9.32%) Analytics
7 3212 (8.74%) Software Engineering
8 3099 (8.43%) ETL
9 2985 (8.12%) SDLC
10 2981 (8.11%) Test Automation
11 2937 (7.99%) OO
12 2591 (7.05%) Web Development
13 2543 (6.92%) Continuous Integration
14 2120 (5.77%) ITIL
15 1913 (5.21%) Mentoring
16 1905 (5.18%) DevOps
17 1895 (5.16%) Data Modelling
18 1874 (5.10%) Unit Testing
19 1609 (4.38%) E-Commerce
20 1600 (4.35%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 11481 (31.24%) C#
2 9402 (25.58%) JavaScript
3 7786 (21.19%) Java
4 5911 (16.08%) T-SQL
5 3767 (10.25%) Python
6 2494 (6.79%) PL/SQL
7 1850 (5.03%) C++
8 1767 (4.81%) PHP
9 1625 (4.42%) PowerShell
10 1293 (3.52%) VB.NET
11 1080 (2.94%) R
12 1023 (2.78%) VBA
13 1009 (2.75%) Shell Script
14 1007 (2.74%) C
15 967 (2.63%) Ruby
16 957 (2.60%) VB
17 929 (2.53%) Perl
18 683 (1.86%) Bash Shell
19 628 (1.71%) Scala
20 437 (1.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5491 (14.94%) Degree
2 1406 (3.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 823 (2.24%) Microsoft Certification
4 690 (1.88%) Security Cleared
5 570 (1.55%) ISEB
6 491 (1.34%) ISTQB
7 358 (0.97%) SC Cleared
8 350 (0.95%) MCSE
9 310 (0.84%) PhD
10 268 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
11 215 (0.59%) MCSA
12 205 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
13 187 (0.51%) Master's Degree
14 183 (0.50%) CCNA
15 167 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 167 (0.45%) ITIL Certification
16 150 (0.41%) MCP
17 147 (0.40%) MCITP
18 128 (0.35%) PMI Certification
19 126 (0.34%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1908 (5.19%) QA
2 766 (2.08%) Data Quality
3 613 (1.67%) SLA
4 160 (0.44%) PCI DSS
5 144 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 119 (0.32%) MiFID
7 99 (0.27%) Basel III
8 89 (0.24%) ISO 9001
9 76 (0.21%) PMO
10 69 (0.19%) GDPR
11 48 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 45 (0.12%) SEPA
13 41 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 30 (0.082%) EMIR
15 24 (0.065%) Actionable Recommendations
15 24 (0.065%) COBIT
16 23 (0.063%) Solvency II
17 21 (0.057%) GCP
18 19 (0.052%) Cyber Essentials
18 19 (0.052%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1796 (4.89%) Active Directory
2 925 (2.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 687 (1.87%) Docker
4 551 (1.50%) Hyper-V
5 319 (0.87%) vSphere
6 237 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
7 206 (0.56%) XenApp
8 136 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
9 128 (0.35%) XenServer
10 125 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
11 107 (0.29%) Xen
12 94 (0.26%) XenDesktop
13 85 (0.23%) Terminal Services
14 76 (0.21%) VMware Workstation
15 75 (0.20%) HDFS
16 61 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
17 59 (0.16%) Apache Flume
17 59 (0.16%) KVM
18 45 (0.12%) Firmware
19 34 (0.093%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 693 (1.89%) Puppet
2 607 (1.65%) Opscode Chef
3 474 (1.29%) Ansible
4 382 (1.04%) SCCM
5 220 (0.60%) SCOM
6 211 (0.57%) Nagios
7 145 (0.39%) Kubernetes
8 138 (0.38%) Tivoli
9 134 (0.36%) Backup Exec
10 130 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
11 119 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
12 114 (0.31%) Terraform
13 105 (0.29%) Control-M
14 102 (0.28%) WSUS
15 100 (0.27%) Opsview
16 97 (0.26%) Data Guard
17 95 (0.26%) Cobbler
18 88 (0.24%) Failover Clustering
19 75 (0.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
20 74 (0.20%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 9185 (24.99%) Microsoft
2 6374 (17.34%) Oracle
3 1564 (4.26%) VMware
4 1536 (4.18%) Tableau
5 1248 (3.40%) SAP
6 665 (1.81%) IBM
7 643 (1.75%) Google
8 630 (1.71%) Cisco
9 606 (1.65%) Citrix
10 533 (1.45%) HP
11 503 (1.37%) Sybase
12 500 (1.36%) Cognos
13 334 (0.91%) Red Hat
14 324 (0.88%) Informatica
15 314 (0.85%) Splunk
16 307 (0.84%) Xamarin
17 306 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
18 275 (0.75%) NetApp
19 259 (0.70%) Adobe
20 244 (0.66%) Sitecore