Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 21,423 29,433 36,987
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.60% 19.75% 20.87%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.14% 36.16% 37.30%
Number of salaries quoted 18,810 25,780 32,842
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.70% +2.22%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,263
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,759 81,394 99,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.50% 54.62% 55.95%
Number of salaries quoted 51,758 66,918 83,427
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £43,857
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.61% +4.09%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 19,756 £50,000 - 2,191
UK excluding London 0 12,331 £45,000 +5.88% 1,622
London 0 8,545 £62,500 +4.17% 708
South East -1 4,171 £45,000 - 449
North of England 0 2,890 £45,000 +5.88% 475
Midlands 0 1,748 £42,500 +3.66% 254
North West 0 1,597 £46,280 +8.89% 264
South West -1 1,302 £42,500 +6.25% 156
West Midlands +1 1,142 £45,000 +5.88% 167
Work from Home +1 1,141 £50,000 - 172
Yorkshire 0 1,125 £42,500 - 163
East of England 0 1,042 £45,000 - 150
Scotland -1 723 £45,000 - 70
East Midlands -4 599 £41,000 +2.50% 87
Wales 0 357 £42,500 +13.33% 60
North East -2 168 £39,000 -8.24% 48
Northern Ireland -3 93 £40,000 - 7
Channel Islands +7 11 £63,750 -15.00% 2
Isle of Man +6 9 £47,500 -13.64% 1

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 6,962 (32.50%) C#
2 6,753 (31.52%) Agile Software Development
3 6,552 (30.58%) SQL Server
4 6,291 (29.37%) .NET
5 5,205 (24.30%) Azure
6 5,152 (24.05%) JavaScript
7 4,939 (23.05%) Microsoft
8 4,697 (21.93%) Finance
9 3,933 (18.36%) Python
10 3,796 (17.72%) Java
11 3,509 (16.38%) Business Intelligence
12 3,188 (14.88%) HTML
13 2,983 (13.92%) AWS
14 2,863 (13.36%) Degree
15 2,855 (13.33%) CSS
16 2,819 (13.16%) ASP.NET
17 2,757 (12.87%) MVC
18 2,755 (12.86%) Windows
19 2,748 (12.83%) Analytics
20 2,706 (12.63%) Oracle
21 2,678 (12.50%) DevOps
22 2,633 (12.29%) T-SQL
23 2,577 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
24 2,481 (11.58%) Analytical Skills
25 2,292 (10.70%) AngularJS
26 2,259 (10.54%) Software Engineering
27 2,205 (10.29%) Git (software)
28 2,200 (10.27%) Linux
29 2,172 (10.14%) ETL
30 2,085 (9.73%) SQL Server Integration Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 652 (3.04%) SharePoint
2 639 (2.98%) Apache Spark
3 556 (2.60%) IIS
4 403 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
5 365 (1.70%) SAS
6 312 (1.46%) Apache
7 285 (1.33%) Confluence
8 244 (1.14%) Tomcat
9 181 (0.84%) MS Exchange
10 174 (0.81%) CMS
11 109 (0.51%) Apache Airflow
12 86 (0.40%) JBoss
13 85 (0.40%) nginx
13 85 (0.40%) WebSphere
14 83 (0.39%) Umbraco
15 77 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
16 76 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
17 75 (0.35%) WebLogic
18 73 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2010
19 67 (0.31%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 1,163 (5.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 703 (3.28%) Microsoft Office
3 176 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 127 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 100 (0.47%) SPSS
6 53 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 46 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 27 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 14 (0.065%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
10 10 (0.047%) Camtasia
11 6 (0.028%) MadCap Flare
12 5 (0.023%) Adobe Premiere
12 5 (0.023%) InfoPath
12 5 (0.023%) Sketch
13 4 (0.019%) Acrobat
13 4 (0.019%) Adobe Captivate
13 4 (0.019%) Gliffy
13 4 (0.019%) InDesign
13 4 (0.019%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 334 (1.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 128 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
3 118 (0.55%) Markit EDM
4 79 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
5 76 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
6 73 (0.34%) NetSuite
7 70 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
8 57 (0.27%) thinkFolio
9 55 (0.26%) PolarLake
10 54 (0.25%) Eagle PACE
10 54 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
11 51 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
12 50 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
13 49 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
14 44 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
14 44 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
15 40 (0.19%) Magento
15 40 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
16 35 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
17 34 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 5,205 (24.30%) Azure
2 2,983 (13.92%) AWS
3 1,994 (9.31%) Power Platform
4 862 (4.02%) SaaS
5 774 (3.61%) Office 365
6 694 (3.24%) GCP
7 517 (2.41%) PaaS
8 411 (1.92%) Serverless
9 371 (1.73%) Azure Data Factory
10 340 (1.59%) IaaS
11 307 (1.43%) Dynamics 365
11 307 (1.43%) GitHub
12 242 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
13 228 (1.06%) Amazon S3
14 219 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
15 211 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
16 178 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
17 124 (0.58%) OpenShift
18 118 (0.55%) Azure Functions
19 117 (0.55%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 433 (2.02%) Firewall
2 376 (1.76%) DNS
3 358 (1.67%) TCP/IP
4 295 (1.38%) Internet
5 247 (1.15%) WAN
6 240 (1.12%) DHCP
7 236 (1.10%) LAN
8 224 (1.05%) SAN
9 209 (0.98%) HTTP
10 160 (0.75%) VPN
11 132 (0.62%) SSL
12 93 (0.43%) VoIP
13 91 (0.42%) Skype
14 80 (0.37%) Wireless
15 73 (0.34%) VLAN
16 66 (0.31%) Network Security
17 65 (0.30%) FTP
18 59 (0.28%) NAS
19 58 (0.27%) Intranet
20 49 (0.23%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6,552 (30.58%) SQL Server
2 2,085 (9.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,074 (9.68%) Data Warehouse
4 1,957 (9.14%) Power BI
5 1,836 (8.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,749 (8.16%) NoSQL
7 1,497 (6.99%) Relational Database
8 1,295 (6.04%) MySQL
9 1,067 (4.98%) Big Data
10 1,036 (4.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 957 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
12 756 (3.53%) Azure SQL Database
13 682 (3.18%) Data Lake
14 670 (3.13%) Hadoop
15 641 (2.99%) MongoDB
16 551 (2.57%) RDBMS
17 513 (2.39%) Oracle Database
18 413 (1.93%) SQL Server 2012
19 374 (1.75%) Oracle Reports
20 357 (1.67%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,205 (10.29%) Git (software)
2 1,046 (4.88%) JIRA
3 972 (4.54%) Jenkins
4 847 (3.95%) Visual Studio
5 760 (3.55%) Selenium
6 704 (3.29%) Team Foundation Server
7 424 (1.98%) Maven
8 338 (1.58%) JUnit
9 310 (1.45%) Cucumber
10 293 (1.37%) Subversion
11 265 (1.24%) TeamCity
12 243 (1.13%) SpecFlow
13 242 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
14 239 (1.12%) SoapUI
15 236 (1.10%) Bitbucket
16 235 (1.10%) NUnit
17 213 (0.99%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 186 (0.87%) Visual Studio Team System
19 171 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 165 (0.77%) WebDriver
General
1 4,697 (21.93%) Finance
2 974 (4.55%) Banking
3 915 (4.27%) Retail
4 810 (3.78%) Marketing
5 473 (2.21%) Front Office
6 459 (2.14%) Public Sector
7 419 (1.96%) Legal
8 410 (1.91%) Law
9 339 (1.58%) Back Office
10 330 (1.54%) Manufacturing
11 328 (1.53%) Games
12 251 (1.17%) Telecoms
13 199 (0.93%) Financial Institution
14 183 (0.85%) Advertising
15 159 (0.74%) Investment Banking
16 152 (0.71%) Automotive
17 101 (0.47%) Aerospace
18 100 (0.47%) Publishing
19 98 (0.46%) Electronics
20 88 (0.41%) Billing
Job Titles
1 9,226 (43.07%) Developer
2 3,515 (16.41%) Analyst
3 2,306 (10.76%) .NET Developer
4 2,022 (9.44%) C# Developer
5 1,653 (7.72%) Senior Developer
6 1,585 (7.40%) Software Developer
7 1,360 (6.35%) SQL Developer
8 1,140 (5.32%) Java Developer
9 1,106 (5.16%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,095 (5.11%) Software Engineer
11 855 (3.99%) Data Analyst
12 846 (3.95%) Applications Support
13 819 (3.82%) Support Analyst
14 811 (3.79%) Data Engineer
15 743 (3.47%) Consultant
16 723 (3.37%) DBA
17 720 (3.36%) Junior
18 713 (3.33%) Architect
19 684 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
20 681 (3.18%) Business Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,291 (29.37%) .NET
2 3,188 (14.88%) HTML
3 2,855 (13.33%) CSS
4 2,819 (13.16%) ASP.NET
5 2,292 (10.70%) AngularJS
6 1,838 (8.58%) Web Services
7 1,526 (7.12%) .NET Framework
8 1,510 (7.05%) .NET Core
9 1,345 (6.28%) REST
10 1,338 (6.25%) React
11 1,335 (6.23%) XML
12 1,262 (5.89%) ASP.NET MVC
13 1,195 (5.58%) jQuery
14 1,100 (5.13%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,060 (4.95%) RESTful
16 1,018 (4.75%) Spring
17 928 (4.33%) Node.js
18 876 (4.09%) HTML5
19 830 (3.87%) Entity Framework
20 774 (3.61%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 2,481 (11.58%) Analytical Skills
2 952 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
3 634 (2.96%) Management Information System
4 620 (2.89%) Self-Motivation
5 604 (2.82%) User Experience
6 463 (2.16%) Data Structures
7 446 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
8 424 (1.98%) Hedge funds
9 422 (1.97%) Algorithms
10 404 (1.89%) Fixed Income
11 403 (1.88%) Mobile App
12 386 (1.80%) Derivative
13 318 (1.48%) Data Centre
14 310 (1.45%) Equities
15 255 (1.19%) Public Cloud
16 222 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 208 (0.97%) Replication
18 188 (0.88%) Clustering
19 159 (0.74%) Reinsurance
20 144 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,755 (12.86%) Windows
2 2,200 (10.27%) Linux
3 1,018 (4.75%) Windows Server
4 962 (4.49%) Unix
5 324 (1.51%) Windows Server 2012
6 295 (1.38%) Android
7 263 (1.23%) Apple iOS
8 228 (1.06%) Windows 10
9 217 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
10 192 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
11 161 (0.75%) Windows 7
12 146 (0.68%) CentOS
13 103 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 98 (0.46%) Mac OS X
15 86 (0.40%) Debian
16 62 (0.29%) Ubuntu
17 60 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
18 59 (0.28%) Solaris
19 47 (0.22%) Windows 8
20 42 (0.20%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,753 (31.52%) Agile Software Development
2 3,509 (16.38%) Business Intelligence
3 2,757 (12.87%) MVC
4 2,748 (12.83%) Analytics
5 2,678 (12.50%) DevOps
6 2,577 (12.03%) Problem-Solving
7 2,259 (10.54%) Software Engineering
8 2,172 (10.14%) ETL
9 1,972 (9.21%) Scrum
10 1,885 (8.80%) TDD
11 1,766 (8.24%) Test Automation
12 1,678 (7.83%) Computer Science
13 1,607 (7.50%) Microservices
14 1,396 (6.52%) SDLC
15 1,385 (6.47%) Data Modelling
16 1,271 (5.93%) Mentoring
17 1,224 (5.71%) Continuous Integration
18 1,222 (5.70%) Visualisation
19 1,221 (5.70%) Data Analysis
20 1,175 (5.48%) OO
Programming Languages
1 6,962 (32.50%) C#
2 5,152 (24.05%) JavaScript
3 3,933 (18.36%) Python
4 3,796 (17.72%) Java
5 2,633 (12.29%) T-SQL
6 1,184 (5.53%) PowerShell
7 1,034 (4.83%) PL/SQL
8 980 (4.57%) R
9 909 (4.24%) PHP
10 807 (3.77%) C++
11 620 (2.89%) TypeScript
12 578 (2.70%) VB.NET
13 513 (2.39%) VBA
14 511 (2.39%) Bash Shell
15 491 (2.29%) Scala
16 465 (2.17%) C
17 357 (1.67%) VB
18 333 (1.55%) Java 8
19 328 (1.53%) Shell Script
20 314 (1.47%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 2,863 (13.36%) Degree
2 942 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 422 (1.97%) Security Cleared
4 374 (1.75%) Microsoft Certification
5 307 (1.43%) SC Cleared
6 184 (0.86%) ISTQB
7 140 (0.65%) ISEB
8 138 (0.64%) Numerate Degree
9 127 (0.59%) MCSE
10 119 (0.56%) DV Cleared
11 115 (0.54%) MCSA
12 113 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
13 112 (0.52%) PhD
14 90 (0.42%) Master's Degree
15 87 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
16 84 (0.39%) CCNA
17 70 (0.33%) CISSP
18 63 (0.29%) MCP
19 54 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 48 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,107 (5.17%) QA
2 507 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 407 (1.90%) SLA
4 222 (1.04%) GDPR
5 95 (0.44%) GAAP
6 94 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 64 (0.30%) PCI DSS
8 51 (0.24%) PMO
9 49 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 31 (0.14%) DICOM
11 30 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
12 24 (0.11%) MiFID
13 20 (0.093%) ISO 9001
13 20 (0.093%) Solvency II
14 14 (0.065%) EMIR
15 13 (0.061%) Cyber Essentials
15 13 (0.061%) HL7
16 12 (0.056%) COBIT
16 12 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 9 (0.042%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,717 (8.01%) Docker
2 1,069 (4.99%) Active Directory
3 529 (2.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 425 (1.98%) Hyper-V
5 120 (0.56%) XenApp
6 114 (0.53%) vSphere
7 103 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
8 98 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
9 77 (0.36%) XenDesktop
10 76 (0.35%) VirtualBox
11 50 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
12 46 (0.21%) HDFS
13 43 (0.20%) Firmware
14 40 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
15 35 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 26 (0.12%) Terminal Server
17 25 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
18 20 (0.093%) Terminal Services
19 18 (0.084%) Microsoft Virtual Server
20 16 (0.075%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,100 (5.13%) Kubernetes
2 437 (2.04%) Terraform
3 429 (2.00%) Ansible
4 334 (1.56%) Puppet
5 254 (1.19%) SCCM
6 201 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
7 111 (0.52%) SCOM
8 84 (0.39%) Nagios
9 82 (0.38%) Grafana
10 79 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 73 (0.34%) Packer
12 64 (0.30%) Kibana
13 59 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
14 53 (0.25%) Prometheus
14 53 (0.25%) WSUS
15 52 (0.24%) Control-M
16 41 (0.19%) Backup Exec
16 41 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
17 38 (0.18%) Nessus
18 37 (0.17%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 4,939 (23.05%) Microsoft
2 2,706 (12.63%) Oracle
3 1,380 (6.44%) Tableau
4 806 (3.76%) VMware
5 614 (2.87%) Google
6 421 (1.97%) SAP
7 378 (1.76%) IBM
8 327 (1.53%) Cisco
9 307 (1.43%) Citrix
10 282 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
11 263 (1.23%) Teradata
12 257 (1.20%) Alteryx
13 249 (1.16%) Informatica
14 248 (1.16%) Databricks
15 238 (1.11%) HP
16 210 (0.98%) Blue Prism
17 205 (0.96%) Bloomberg
18 201 (0.94%) UiPath
19 197 (0.92%) Cadence
20 185 (0.86%) Automation Anywhere