Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 3 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 16,024 28,174 36,459
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.51% 19.59% 21.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.50% 36.16% 37.57%
Number of salaries quoted 14,090 24,682 31,943
Median annual salary £50,000 £49,337 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.34% +3.87% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,910 £29,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 47,829 77,919 97,049
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.25% 54.18% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 39,279 63,690 80,835
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +7.14%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 14,777 £50,000 - 1,158
UK excluding London -1 9,083 £45,000 +5.88% 880
London -1 6,556 £65,000 +8.33% 352
South East -1 3,065 £47,500 +5.56% 179
North of England 0 2,207 £45,000 +5.88% 249
Midlands 0 1,251 £43,500 +8.75% 183
North West +1 1,233 £50,000 +17.65% 149
Work from Home +1 929 £50,000 +5.26% 176
South West 0 892 £45,000 +12.50% 104
Yorkshire +1 859 £42,500 - 77
West Midlands -1 827 £45,000 +5.88% 126
East of England 0 761 £45,000 - 93
Scotland -1 538 £45,000 - 41
East Midlands -2 419 £40,000 - 57
Wales 0 294 £42,500 +13.33% 25
North East -8 115 £37,500 -4.39% 23
Northern Ireland -4 65 £40,000 - 7
Channel Islands +4 12 £63,250 +20.48% 2
Isle of Man +3 8 £47,500 -5.00%

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 5,102 (31.84%) Agile Software Development
2 4,949 (30.88%) SQL Server
3 4,905 (30.61%) C#
4 4,567 (28.50%) .NET
5 4,112 (25.66%) Azure
6 3,783 (23.61%) JavaScript
7 3,743 (23.36%) Microsoft
8 3,654 (22.80%) Finance
9 3,147 (19.64%) Python
10 2,860 (17.85%) Java
11 2,710 (16.91%) Business Intelligence
12 2,348 (14.65%) HTML
13 2,328 (14.53%) AWS
14 2,270 (14.17%) Degree
14 2,270 (14.17%) Analytics
15 2,124 (13.26%) CSS
16 2,095 (13.07%) Oracle
17 2,076 (12.96%) DevOps
18 2,033 (12.69%) Windows
19 1,948 (12.16%) ASP.NET
20 1,937 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
21 1,912 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
22 1,874 (11.69%) MVC
23 1,847 (11.53%) T-SQL
24 1,745 (10.89%) AngularJS
25 1,718 (10.72%) Linux
26 1,712 (10.68%) ETL
27 1,693 (10.57%) Software Engineering
28 1,687 (10.53%) Data Warehouse
29 1,661 (10.37%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 507 (3.16%) SharePoint
2 469 (2.93%) Apache Spark
3 429 (2.68%) IIS
4 291 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
5 263 (1.64%) Apache
6 262 (1.64%) Confluence
7 261 (1.63%) SAS
8 164 (1.02%) Tomcat
9 142 (0.89%) MS Exchange
10 91 (0.57%) CMS
11 89 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
12 81 (0.51%) WebSphere
13 71 (0.44%) nginx
14 69 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
15 49 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2013
16 48 (0.30%) JBoss
17 44 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
18 43 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
18 43 (0.27%) WebLogic
19 42 (0.26%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 901 (5.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 517 (3.23%) Microsoft Office
3 133 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 83 (0.52%) SPSS
5 79 (0.49%) MS Visio
6 41 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
7 26 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 14 (0.087%) Photoshop
9 10 (0.062%) Camtasia
9 10 (0.062%) MadCap Flare
10 8 (0.050%) Chatbot
11 4 (0.025%) FileZilla
11 4 (0.025%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.025%) Notepad++
12 3 (0.019%) Abaqus
12 3 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.012%) Acrobat
13 2 (0.012%) EViews
13 2 (0.012%) Stata
13 2 (0.012%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 242 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 106 (0.66%) Markit EDM
3 76 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 66 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
5 64 (0.40%) Eagle PACE
5 64 (0.40%) PolarLake
6 58 (0.36%) NetSuite
7 55 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
8 48 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
9 44 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
10 40 (0.25%) Oracle Receivables
11 33 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
12 32 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
13 31 (0.19%) Magento
13 31 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
14 30 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
15 29 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
15 29 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
16 27 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
17 26 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 4,112 (25.66%) Azure
2 2,328 (14.53%) AWS
3 1,656 (10.33%) Power Platform
4 662 (4.13%) SaaS
5 614 (3.83%) Office 365
6 598 (3.73%) GCP
7 428 (2.67%) PaaS
8 363 (2.27%) Serverless
9 321 (2.00%) Azure Data Factory
10 274 (1.71%) IaaS
11 260 (1.62%) Dynamics 365
12 196 (1.22%) GitHub
13 177 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
14 172 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
15 164 (1.02%) Amazon S3
16 159 (0.99%) Azure Active Directory
17 141 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
18 114 (0.71%) OpenShift
19 92 (0.57%) Amazon EMR
20 80 (0.50%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 303 (1.89%) Firewall
2 259 (1.62%) DNS
3 253 (1.58%) TCP/IP
4 199 (1.24%) Internet
5 173 (1.08%) WAN
6 171 (1.07%) LAN
7 157 (0.98%) DHCP
8 152 (0.95%) SAN
9 142 (0.89%) HTTP
10 113 (0.71%) VPN
11 95 (0.59%) Skype
12 92 (0.57%) SSL
13 59 (0.37%) VoIP
14 58 (0.36%) Network Security
15 49 (0.31%) Wireless
16 48 (0.30%) VLAN
17 47 (0.29%) FTP
18 45 (0.28%) NAS
19 42 (0.26%) Intranet
20 41 (0.26%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,949 (30.88%) SQL Server
2 1,687 (10.53%) Data Warehouse
3 1,629 (10.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,626 (10.15%) Power BI
5 1,402 (8.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,344 (8.39%) NoSQL
7 1,038 (6.48%) Relational Database
8 965 (6.02%) MySQL
9 841 (5.25%) Big Data
10 796 (4.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 741 (4.62%) PostgreSQL
12 648 (4.04%) Data Lake
13 612 (3.82%) Azure SQL Database
14 524 (3.27%) MongoDB
15 510 (3.18%) Hadoop
16 391 (2.44%) RDBMS
17 375 (2.34%) Oracle Database
18 317 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
19 309 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
20 293 (1.83%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,661 (10.37%) Git (software)
2 827 (5.16%) JIRA
3 786 (4.91%) Jenkins
4 581 (3.63%) Selenium
5 568 (3.54%) Visual Studio
6 459 (2.86%) Team Foundation Server
7 327 (2.04%) Maven
8 244 (1.52%) Cucumber
9 243 (1.52%) JUnit
10 233 (1.45%) SpecFlow
11 201 (1.25%) TeamCity
12 184 (1.15%) NUnit
12 184 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
13 182 (1.14%) SoapUI
13 182 (1.14%) Subversion
14 160 (1.00%) Bitbucket
15 155 (0.97%) GitLab
16 150 (0.94%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 142 (0.89%) Artifactory
18 130 (0.81%) WebDriver
General
1 3,654 (22.80%) Finance
2 734 (4.58%) Banking
3 652 (4.07%) Retail
4 504 (3.15%) Marketing
5 396 (2.47%) Front Office
6 339 (2.12%) Law
6 339 (2.12%) Legal
7 306 (1.91%) Back Office
8 281 (1.75%) Public Sector
9 251 (1.57%) Games
10 235 (1.47%) Manufacturing
11 173 (1.08%) Financial Institution
12 171 (1.07%) Advertising
13 150 (0.94%) Telecoms
14 133 (0.83%) Investment Banking
15 83 (0.52%) Automotive
16 77 (0.48%) Local Government
17 61 (0.38%) Aerospace
18 59 (0.37%) Publishing
19 58 (0.36%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 6,679 (41.68%) Developer
2 2,724 (17.00%) Analyst
3 1,583 (9.88%) .NET Developer
4 1,354 (8.45%) C# Developer
5 1,204 (7.51%) Senior Developer
6 1,167 (7.28%) Software Developer
7 995 (6.21%) SQL Developer
8 830 (5.18%) Java Developer
9 825 (5.15%) Software Engineer
10 726 (4.53%) C# .NET Developer
11 711 (4.44%) Data Engineer
12 664 (4.14%) Applications Support
13 653 (4.08%) Data Analyst
14 634 (3.96%) Support Analyst
15 550 (3.43%) Consultant
16 539 (3.36%) Architect
17 531 (3.31%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 526 (3.28%) Full Stack Developer
19 521 (3.25%) DBA
20 488 (3.05%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,567 (28.50%) .NET
2 2,348 (14.65%) HTML
3 2,124 (13.26%) CSS
4 1,948 (12.16%) ASP.NET
5 1,745 (10.89%) AngularJS
6 1,307 (8.16%) Web Services
7 1,172 (7.31%) .NET Core
8 1,104 (6.89%) .NET Framework
9 1,022 (6.38%) React
10 959 (5.98%) REST
11 951 (5.93%) XML
12 833 (5.20%) jQuery
13 789 (4.92%) ASP.NET Web API
14 778 (4.86%) ASP.NET MVC
15 745 (4.65%) Spring
16 741 (4.62%) RESTful
17 674 (4.21%) Node.js
18 659 (4.11%) HTML5
19 605 (3.78%) Entity Framework
20 514 (3.21%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,937 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
2 721 (4.50%) Greenfield Project
3 528 (3.30%) Management Information System
4 441 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
5 424 (2.65%) User Experience
6 396 (2.47%) Data Structures
7 378 (2.36%) Hedge funds
8 340 (2.12%) Algorithms
8 340 (2.12%) Fixed Income
9 321 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
10 311 (1.94%) Derivative
11 291 (1.82%) Mobile App
12 246 (1.54%) Data Centre
13 237 (1.48%) Equities
14 205 (1.28%) Public Cloud
15 150 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 141 (0.88%) Replication
17 139 (0.87%) Clustering
18 120 (0.75%) Reinsurance
19 112 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,033 (12.69%) Windows
2 1,718 (10.72%) Linux
3 798 (4.98%) Windows Server
4 700 (4.37%) Unix
5 253 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
6 203 (1.27%) Android
7 195 (1.22%) Apple iOS
8 187 (1.17%) Windows Server 2016
9 181 (1.13%) Windows 10
10 137 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
11 116 (0.72%) CentOS
12 115 (0.72%) Windows 7
13 85 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 67 (0.42%) Debian
15 64 (0.40%) Mac OS X
16 59 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
17 51 (0.32%) Ubuntu
18 45 (0.28%) Solaris
19 33 (0.21%) Windows 8
20 32 (0.20%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,102 (31.84%) Agile Software Development
2 2,710 (16.91%) Business Intelligence
3 2,270 (14.17%) Analytics
4 2,076 (12.96%) DevOps
5 1,912 (11.93%) Problem-Solving
6 1,874 (11.69%) MVC
7 1,712 (10.68%) ETL
8 1,693 (10.57%) Software Engineering
9 1,427 (8.91%) TDD
10 1,411 (8.81%) Scrum
11 1,326 (8.28%) Computer Science
12 1,314 (8.20%) Test Automation
13 1,223 (7.63%) Microservices
14 1,119 (6.98%) Data Modelling
15 988 (6.17%) Data Analysis
16 978 (6.10%) SDLC
17 964 (6.02%) Visualisation
18 959 (5.98%) Mentoring
19 929 (5.80%) Continuous Integration
20 908 (5.67%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 4,905 (30.61%) C#
2 3,783 (23.61%) JavaScript
3 3,147 (19.64%) Python
4 2,860 (17.85%) Java
5 1,847 (11.53%) T-SQL
6 859 (5.36%) PowerShell
7 783 (4.89%) R
8 749 (4.67%) PL/SQL
9 651 (4.06%) PHP
10 596 (3.72%) C++
11 536 (3.34%) TypeScript
12 407 (2.54%) VB.NET
13 397 (2.48%) VBA
14 371 (2.32%) Bash Shell
15 349 (2.18%) Scala
16 313 (1.95%) C
17 261 (1.63%) Java 8
18 258 (1.61%) Shell Script
19 252 (1.57%) VB
20 203 (1.27%) Perl
Qualifications
1 2,270 (14.17%) Degree
2 752 (4.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 339 (2.12%) Security Cleared
4 279 (1.74%) Microsoft Certification
5 245 (1.53%) SC Cleared
6 119 (0.74%) ISTQB
7 105 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
8 98 (0.61%) ISEB
8 98 (0.61%) MCSE
9 89 (0.56%) DV Cleared
10 88 (0.55%) MCSA
11 87 (0.54%) PhD
12 86 (0.54%) Master's Degree
13 81 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 77 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
15 64 (0.40%) CISSP
16 58 (0.36%) CCNA
17 52 (0.32%) MCP
18 49 (0.31%) CISA
18 49 (0.31%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 826 (5.15%) QA
2 372 (2.32%) Data Quality
3 306 (1.91%) SLA
4 173 (1.08%) GDPR
5 93 (0.58%) GAAP
6 61 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 56 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 49 (0.31%) PMO
9 43 (0.27%) PCI DSS
10 23 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
11 19 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 14 (0.087%) DICOM
12 14 (0.087%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 14 (0.087%) NIST
12 14 (0.087%) Solvency II
13 12 (0.075%) MiFID
14 11 (0.069%) GxP
15 10 (0.062%) ISO 20022
16 9 (0.056%) HL7
17 7 (0.044%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 1,371 (8.56%) Docker
2 837 (5.22%) Active Directory
3 398 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 318 (1.98%) Hyper-V
5 92 (0.57%) vSphere
6 77 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
7 72 (0.45%) XenApp
8 71 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
9 67 (0.42%) VirtualBox
10 56 (0.35%) XenDesktop
11 33 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
12 31 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 28 (0.17%) HDFS
14 26 (0.16%) Firmware
15 24 (0.15%) Terminal Server
16 23 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
17 21 (0.13%) KVM
18 17 (0.11%) Snort
19 16 (0.100%) Virtual Desktop
20 14 (0.087%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 885 (5.52%) Kubernetes
2 334 (2.08%) Terraform
3 323 (2.02%) Ansible
4 239 (1.49%) Puppet
5 192 (1.20%) SCCM
6 152 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 84 (0.52%) SCOM
8 63 (0.39%) Grafana
8 63 (0.39%) Nagios
9 62 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
10 57 (0.36%) Kibana
11 50 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
12 49 (0.31%) Control-M
12 49 (0.31%) Packer
13 48 (0.30%) Prometheus
14 45 (0.28%) WSUS
15 37 (0.23%) Nessus
16 31 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
17 30 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
18 28 (0.17%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 3,743 (23.36%) Microsoft
2 2,095 (13.07%) Oracle
3 1,100 (6.86%) Tableau
4 595 (3.71%) VMware
5 491 (3.06%) Google
6 313 (1.95%) IBM
7 291 (1.82%) SAP
8 255 (1.59%) Cisco
9 244 (1.52%) Alteryx
10 238 (1.49%) Databricks
11 227 (1.42%) Teradata
12 221 (1.38%) Citrix
13 219 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
14 200 (1.25%) Bloomberg
15 190 (1.19%) Blue Prism
16 188 (1.17%) Informatica
16 188 (1.17%) UiPath
17 184 (1.15%) Automation Anywhere
17 184 (1.15%) Cadence
18 165 (1.03%) HP