Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 12,091 27,280 36,176
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.17% 19.07% 20.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.23% 35.52% 37.50%
Number of salaries quoted 10,779 24,081 31,624
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,500 £29,750 £29,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,512 76,798 96,482
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.36% 53.69% 55.80%
Number of salaries quoted 30,790 62,994 80,127
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,425
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11,167 £52,500 +5.00% 1,444
UK excluding London -1 6,900 £45,000 +5.88% 1,148
London -4 4,912 £65,000 +8.33% 396
South East -2 2,164 £47,500 +5.56% 250
North of England 0 1,760 £46,000 +8.24% 323
Midlands -1 1,001 £45,000 +9.76% 214
North West +1 993 £50,000 +17.65% 190
Work from Home +4 921 £50,000 +5.26% 235
South West -1 687 £45,000 +12.50% 150
West Midlands -1 664 £45,000 +5.88% 110
Yorkshire 0 659 £45,000 +5.88% 106
East of England 0 606 £45,000 - 110
Scotland -2 399 £47,500 +6.32% 60
East Midlands -1 331 £42,500 +6.25% 104
Wales +2 227 £45,000 +12.50% 39
North East -6 108 £43,000 +14.67% 27
Northern Ireland -3 46 £45,000 +20.00% 6
Channel Islands +1 13 £55,000 +4.76%
Isle of Man +2 7 £47,500 -5.00%

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,875 (32.05%) SQL Server
2 3,856 (31.89%) Agile Software Development
3 3,675 (30.39%) C#
4 3,437 (28.43%) .NET
5 3,359 (27.78%) Azure
6 2,897 (23.96%) Microsoft
7 2,852 (23.59%) JavaScript
8 2,786 (23.04%) Finance
9 2,512 (20.78%) Python
10 2,123 (17.56%) Java
11 2,114 (17.48%) Business Intelligence
12 1,891 (15.64%) AWS
13 1,846 (15.27%) HTML
14 1,811 (14.98%) DevOps
15 1,782 (14.74%) Degree
16 1,680 (13.89%) Analytics
17 1,667 (13.79%) CSS
18 1,595 (13.19%) Windows
19 1,565 (12.94%) Oracle
20 1,463 (12.10%) Analytical Skills
21 1,442 (11.93%) ASP.NET
22 1,416 (11.71%) T-SQL
23 1,389 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
24 1,381 (11.42%) Git (software)
25 1,373 (11.36%) MVC
26 1,323 (10.94%) Power Platform
27 1,311 (10.84%) AngularJS
28 1,309 (10.83%) Linux
29 1,300 (10.75%) Software Engineering
30 1,297 (10.73%) Power BI

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 419 (3.47%) SharePoint
2 346 (2.86%) Apache Spark
3 334 (2.76%) IIS
4 266 (2.20%) Apache
5 250 (2.07%) Confluence
6 229 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
7 180 (1.49%) SAS
8 132 (1.09%) Tomcat
9 102 (0.84%) MS Exchange
10 70 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
11 69 (0.57%) CMS
12 56 (0.46%) nginx
13 53 (0.44%) WebSphere
14 50 (0.41%) Skype for Business
15 45 (0.37%) Exchange Server 2010
16 42 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
17 39 (0.32%) WebLogic
18 36 (0.30%) JBoss
19 32 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
19 32 (0.26%) Luigi
Applications
1 672 (5.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 361 (2.99%) Microsoft Office
3 83 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 44 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 38 (0.31%) SPSS
6 36 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
7 27 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.050%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.033%) Camtasia
9 4 (0.033%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.033%) FileZilla
9 4 (0.033%) MadCap Flare
10 3 (0.025%) Abaqus
10 3 (0.025%) S-PLUS
11 2 (0.017%) EViews
11 2 (0.017%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.017%) Quantrix
11 2 (0.017%) Stata
12 1 (0.008%) InVision
12 1 (0.008%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 163 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 86 (0.71%) Markit EDM
3 64 (0.53%) Eagle PACE
4 56 (0.46%) PolarLake
5 41 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
6 39 (0.32%) NetSuite
6 39 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
7 37 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
8 31 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
9 30 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
10 29 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
11 23 (0.19%) Magento
11 23 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
12 22 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
13 21 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
14 20 (0.17%) Elite 3E
15 18 (0.15%) Sentinel
16 16 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
16 16 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
17 15 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 3,359 (27.78%) Azure
2 1,891 (15.64%) AWS
3 1,323 (10.94%) Power Platform
4 525 (4.34%) GCP
5 514 (4.25%) SaaS
6 511 (4.23%) Office 365
7 359 (2.97%) PaaS
8 342 (2.83%) Serverless
9 273 (2.26%) Azure Data Factory
10 230 (1.90%) IaaS
11 192 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
12 181 (1.50%) Dynamics 365
13 160 (1.32%) GitHub
14 149 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
15 147 (1.22%) Amazon S3
16 132 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
16 132 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
17 85 (0.70%) OpenShift
18 81 (0.67%) Amazon ECS
19 74 (0.61%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 255 (2.11%) Firewall
2 200 (1.65%) DNS
3 181 (1.50%) TCP/IP
4 147 (1.22%) WAN
5 140 (1.16%) LAN
6 127 (1.05%) Internet
7 120 (0.99%) Skype
8 117 (0.97%) HTTP
9 113 (0.93%) VPN
10 112 (0.93%) DHCP
11 109 (0.90%) SAN
12 58 (0.48%) Network Security
13 56 (0.46%) SSL
14 53 (0.44%) VoIP
15 42 (0.35%) Wireless
16 39 (0.32%) FTP
17 33 (0.27%) Intranet
18 32 (0.26%) VLAN
19 26 (0.22%) NetScaler
20 22 (0.18%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,875 (32.05%) SQL Server
2 1,297 (10.73%) Power BI
3 1,271 (10.51%) Data Warehouse
4 1,199 (9.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 1,077 (8.91%) NoSQL
6 1,029 (8.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 743 (6.15%) Relational Database
8 725 (6.00%) MySQL
9 662 (5.48%) Big Data
10 603 (4.99%) PostgreSQL
11 586 (4.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 561 (4.64%) Data Lake
13 493 (4.08%) Azure SQL Database
14 438 (3.62%) MongoDB
15 380 (3.14%) Hadoop
16 304 (2.51%) Oracle Database
17 291 (2.41%) RDBMS
18 257 (2.13%) SQL Server 2012
19 244 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
20 237 (1.96%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,381 (11.42%) Git (software)
2 673 (5.57%) JIRA
3 604 (5.00%) Jenkins
4 438 (3.62%) Selenium
5 408 (3.37%) Visual Studio
6 353 (2.92%) Team Foundation Server
7 242 (2.00%) Maven
8 214 (1.77%) SpecFlow
9 201 (1.66%) JUnit
10 182 (1.51%) Subversion
11 174 (1.44%) TeamCity
12 161 (1.33%) GitLab
13 150 (1.24%) Cucumber
14 144 (1.19%) NUnit
15 138 (1.14%) SoapUI
16 134 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
17 125 (1.03%) Bitbucket
18 117 (0.97%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 113 (0.93%) Artifactory
20 112 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,786 (23.04%) Finance
2 589 (4.87%) Banking
3 436 (3.61%) Retail
4 393 (3.25%) Marketing
5 322 (2.66%) Front Office
6 281 (2.32%) Law
7 263 (2.18%) Back Office
8 252 (2.08%) Legal
9 223 (1.84%) Public Sector
10 206 (1.70%) Manufacturing
11 176 (1.46%) Games
12 146 (1.21%) Advertising
13 121 (1.00%) Telecoms
14 119 (0.98%) Financial Institution
14 119 (0.98%) Investment Banking
15 61 (0.50%) Local Government
16 49 (0.41%) Electronics
17 40 (0.33%) Automotive
18 38 (0.31%) Billing
19 35 (0.29%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 5,016 (41.49%) Developer
2 2,049 (16.95%) Analyst
3 1,179 (9.75%) .NET Developer
4 979 (8.10%) Senior Developer
5 937 (7.75%) C# Developer
6 835 (6.91%) Software Developer
7 714 (5.91%) SQL Developer
8 670 (5.54%) Software Engineer
9 583 (4.82%) Data Engineer
10 557 (4.61%) Java Developer
11 529 (4.38%) Data Analyst
12 516 (4.27%) C# .NET Developer
13 447 (3.70%) Architect
14 441 (3.65%) Applications Support
15 432 (3.57%) Support Analyst
16 416 (3.44%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 394 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
18 390 (3.23%) DBA
19 373 (3.08%) Consultant
20 353 (2.92%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,437 (28.43%) .NET
2 1,846 (15.27%) HTML
3 1,667 (13.79%) CSS
4 1,442 (11.93%) ASP.NET
5 1,311 (10.84%) AngularJS
6 1,085 (8.97%) Web Services
7 987 (8.16%) .NET Core
8 911 (7.53%) .NET Framework
9 819 (6.77%) REST
10 812 (6.72%) React
11 669 (5.53%) jQuery
12 654 (5.41%) ASP.NET Web API
13 643 (5.32%) XML
14 578 (4.78%) ASP.NET MVC
15 556 (4.60%) Spring
16 542 (4.48%) RESTful
17 521 (4.31%) HTML5
18 504 (4.17%) Node.js
19 489 (4.04%) Entity Framework
20 393 (3.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,463 (12.10%) Analytical Skills
2 519 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
3 383 (3.17%) Management Information System
4 341 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
5 336 (2.78%) Hedge funds
6 333 (2.75%) Data Structures
7 291 (2.41%) Algorithms
8 288 (2.38%) User Experience
9 268 (2.22%) Fixed Income
10 251 (2.08%) Mobile App
11 219 (1.81%) Derivative
12 215 (1.78%) Data Centre
13 197 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
14 176 (1.46%) Equities
15 159 (1.32%) Public Cloud
16 138 (1.14%) Replication
17 129 (1.07%) Clustering
18 117 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 98 (0.81%) Virtual Team
20 80 (0.66%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,595 (13.19%) Windows
2 1,309 (10.83%) Linux
3 633 (5.24%) Windows Server
4 484 (4.00%) Unix
5 191 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
6 163 (1.35%) Android
7 161 (1.33%) Windows Server 2016
8 150 (1.24%) Windows 10
9 145 (1.20%) Apple iOS
10 97 (0.80%) CentOS
11 91 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 90 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
13 70 (0.58%) Windows 7
14 60 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
15 49 (0.41%) Debian
16 47 (0.39%) Ubuntu
17 38 (0.31%) Solaris
18 24 (0.20%) Mac OS X
19 23 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
19 23 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,856 (31.89%) Agile Software Development
2 2,114 (17.48%) Business Intelligence
3 1,811 (14.98%) DevOps
4 1,680 (13.89%) Analytics
5 1,389 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
6 1,373 (11.36%) MVC
7 1,300 (10.75%) Software Engineering
8 1,256 (10.39%) ETL
9 1,105 (9.14%) Scrum
10 1,066 (8.82%) TDD
11 1,004 (8.30%) Computer Science
12 1,001 (8.28%) Microservices
13 992 (8.20%) Test Automation
14 876 (7.25%) Data Modelling
15 811 (6.71%) Mentoring
16 798 (6.60%) Continuous Integration
17 775 (6.41%) Visualisation
18 743 (6.15%) Data Analysis
19 708 (5.86%) SDLC
20 692 (5.72%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,675 (30.39%) C#
2 2,852 (23.59%) JavaScript
3 2,512 (20.78%) Python
4 2,123 (17.56%) Java
5 1,416 (11.71%) T-SQL
6 717 (5.93%) PowerShell
7 555 (4.59%) R
8 534 (4.42%) PL/SQL
9 465 (3.85%) PHP
10 440 (3.64%) C++
11 439 (3.63%) TypeScript
12 315 (2.61%) VB.NET
13 300 (2.48%) Bash Shell
14 281 (2.32%) VBA
15 241 (1.99%) Scala
16 206 (1.70%) C
17 198 (1.64%) Shell Script
18 182 (1.51%) Ruby
19 172 (1.42%) Java 8
20 166 (1.37%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,782 (14.74%) Degree
2 539 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 295 (2.44%) Security Cleared
4 230 (1.90%) Microsoft Certification
5 214 (1.77%) SC Cleared
6 94 (0.78%) MCSE
7 88 (0.73%) ISTQB
7 88 (0.73%) MCSA
8 81 (0.67%) PhD
9 77 (0.64%) DV Cleared
10 72 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
11 70 (0.58%) ISEB
12 67 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
13 62 (0.51%) CISSP
14 56 (0.46%) Master's Degree
15 53 (0.44%) CCNA
16 52 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
17 49 (0.41%) CISM
18 48 (0.40%) CISA
19 42 (0.35%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 601 (4.97%) QA
2 286 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 232 (1.92%) SLA
4 116 (0.96%) GDPR
5 89 (0.74%) GAAP
6 51 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 45 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 40 (0.33%) PMO
9 33 (0.27%) PCI DSS
10 25 (0.21%) NIST
11 17 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 13 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
13 11 (0.091%) GxP
14 10 (0.083%) ISO 9001
14 10 (0.083%) MiFID
15 8 (0.066%) HIPAA
16 6 (0.050%) Basel III
16 6 (0.050%) ISO 20022
16 6 (0.050%) Solvency II
16 6 (0.050%) UCITS
System Software
1 1,059 (8.76%) Docker
2 678 (5.61%) Active Directory
3 285 (2.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 249 (2.06%) Hyper-V
5 88 (0.73%) vSphere
6 60 (0.50%) XenApp
7 59 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
8 48 (0.40%) HDFS
9 44 (0.36%) VirtualBox
10 42 (0.35%) XenDesktop
11 35 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
12 26 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
13 24 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
14 21 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 19 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
16 16 (0.13%) Snort
17 15 (0.12%) Terminal Server
18 13 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
19 12 (0.099%) KVM
20 11 (0.091%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 734 (6.07%) Kubernetes
2 303 (2.51%) Terraform
3 261 (2.16%) Ansible
4 197 (1.63%) Puppet
5 147 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
6 130 (1.08%) SCCM
7 62 (0.51%) Grafana
8 61 (0.50%) Kibana
9 56 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
10 54 (0.45%) Prometheus
11 51 (0.42%) SCOM
12 40 (0.33%) Control-M
13 39 (0.32%) WSUS
14 37 (0.31%) Nagios
14 37 (0.31%) Nessus
15 30 (0.25%) Graphite
16 29 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
16 29 (0.24%) SCVMM
17 25 (0.21%) logstash
17 25 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 2,897 (23.96%) Microsoft
2 1,565 (12.94%) Oracle
3 826 (6.83%) Tableau
4 479 (3.96%) VMware
5 413 (3.42%) Google
6 245 (2.03%) SAP
7 228 (1.89%) Alteryx
8 220 (1.82%) IBM
9 211 (1.75%) Cisco
10 208 (1.72%) Databricks
11 193 (1.60%) Teradata
12 174 (1.44%) Blue Prism
13 170 (1.41%) UiPath
14 169 (1.40%) Automation Anywhere
15 166 (1.37%) Bloomberg
16 163 (1.35%) Cadence
17 156 (1.29%) Citrix
18 145 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
19 123 (1.02%) Splunk
20 115 (0.95%) HP