Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 34,353 36,469 39,712
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.78% 20.76% 20.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.34% 37.51% 38.86%
Number of salaries quoted 28,854 30,415 34,645
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £29,353 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 91,990 97,212 102,186
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.65% 55.33% 52.67%
Number of salaries quoted 76,470 79,823 88,244
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 31,996 £48,500 +7.78% 4,670
UK excluding London 0 19,658 £42,500 +6.25% 3,442
London 0 14,048 £60,000 +9.09% 1,579
South East -1 6,195 £45,000 +5.88% 834
North of England 0 4,616 £42,500 +6.25% 941
Midlands -1 2,883 £41,000 +2.50% 604
North West 0 2,456 £42,500 +6.25% 503
East of England +1 2,214 £45,000 +5.88% 326
South West -1 1,961 £40,000 - 392
Yorkshire 0 1,855 £42,500 - 357
West Midlands -2 1,702 £41,913 +4.78% 335
Scotland +1 1,407 £45,000 +12.50% 214
East Midlands -1 1,182 £40,000 +6.67% 269
Wales +1 380 £40,000 +3.90% 94
North East -4 307 £42,500 +6.25% 81
Northern Ireland -4 77 £37,500 - 42
Channel Islands - 8 £45,000 - 1
Isle of Man +1 5 £40,000 -20.00%

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,327 (32.97%) SQL Server
2 11,150 (32.46%) C#
3 10,956 (31.89%) Agile Software Development
4 10,322 (30.05%) .NET
5 9,320 (27.13%) Finance
6 8,978 (26.13%) JavaScript
7 8,707 (25.35%) Microsoft
8 7,247 (21.10%) Java
9 6,582 (19.16%) HTML
10 5,632 (16.39%) CSS
11 5,346 (15.56%) T-SQL
12 5,307 (15.45%) MVC
13 5,150 (14.99%) Degree
14 5,007 (14.58%) Business Intelligence
15 4,963 (14.45%) Microsoft Azure
16 4,880 (14.21%) Oracle
17 4,844 (14.10%) ASP.NET
18 4,837 (14.08%) Windows
19 4,701 (13.68%) Python
20 4,544 (13.23%) Problem-Solving
21 4,174 (12.15%) Linux
22 3,914 (11.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 3,866 (11.25%) AngularJS
24 3,852 (11.21%) TDD
25 3,807 (11.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
26 3,770 (10.97%) Software Engineering
27 3,733 (10.87%) Analytical Skills
28 3,690 (10.74%) Amazon AWS
29 3,556 (10.35%) Web Services
30 3,525 (10.26%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,214 (3.53%) IIS
2 1,157 (3.37%) SharePoint
3 894 (2.60%) Apache Spark
4 753 (2.19%) Apache
5 648 (1.89%) Tomcat
6 632 (1.84%) SAS
7 611 (1.78%) Confluence
8 590 (1.72%) CMS
9 577 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
10 467 (1.36%) MS Exchange
11 385 (1.12%) JBoss
12 341 (0.99%) WebSphere
13 296 (0.86%) WebLogic
14 225 (0.65%) Umbraco
15 207 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 203 (0.59%) nginx
17 178 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
18 166 (0.48%) Skype for Business
19 163 (0.47%) WordPress
20 148 (0.43%) EPiServer
Applications
1 1,915 (5.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,045 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
3 290 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 152 (0.44%) SPSS
5 145 (0.42%) MS Visio
6 109 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 80 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 54 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 51 (0.15%) Chatbot
10 28 (0.082%) InfoPath
11 17 (0.049%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 14 (0.041%) AutoCAD
12 14 (0.041%) Stata
13 11 (0.032%) GNU Octave
14 8 (0.023%) Adobe Illustrator
15 7 (0.020%) Revit
16 5 (0.015%) Maya
17 4 (0.012%) Doxygen
17 4 (0.012%) EngageOne
17 4 (0.012%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 566 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 417 (1.21%) Dynamics NAV
3 289 (0.84%) Dynamics AX
4 187 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
5 153 (0.45%) thinkFolio
6 147 (0.43%) Markit EDM
7 130 (0.38%) NetSuite
8 102 (0.30%) Magento
9 86 (0.25%) Front Arena
10 76 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
11 74 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
12 65 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
13 63 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
14 61 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
15 60 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
15 60 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
15 60 (0.17%) SAP Business One
16 55 (0.16%) Eloqua
17 53 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
18 48 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 4,963 (14.45%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,690 (10.74%) Amazon AWS
3 887 (2.58%) Office 365
4 875 (2.55%) SaaS
5 596 (1.73%) GitHub
6 482 (1.40%) PaaS
7 426 (1.24%) IaaS
8 397 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
9 388 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
10 377 (1.10%) Amazon S3
11 325 (0.95%) Serverless
12 323 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
13 271 (0.79%) Azure Data Factory
14 251 (0.73%) Dynamics 365
15 234 (0.68%) npm
16 233 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
16 233 (0.68%) Azure Active Directory
17 232 (0.68%) Google Analytics
18 144 (0.42%) Amazon SQS
19 143 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 689 (2.01%) Firewall
2 662 (1.93%) DNS
3 603 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 511 (1.49%) Internet
5 437 (1.27%) SAN
6 429 (1.25%) HTTP
7 329 (0.96%) WAN
8 318 (0.93%) LAN
9 312 (0.91%) DHCP
10 304 (0.88%) VPN
11 243 (0.71%) SMS
12 202 (0.59%) SSL
13 175 (0.51%) Skype
14 173 (0.50%) VLAN
15 168 (0.49%) Intranet
16 150 (0.44%) Network Security
17 138 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
18 133 (0.39%) NAS
19 115 (0.33%) FTP
20 113 (0.33%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,327 (32.97%) SQL Server
2 3,914 (11.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,807 (11.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3,162 (9.20%) Data Warehouse
5 2,796 (8.14%) Relational Database
6 2,753 (8.01%) NoSQL
7 2,390 (6.96%) MySQL
8 2,083 (6.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 2,055 (5.98%) Big Data
10 1,870 (5.44%) Power BI
11 1,419 (4.13%) MongoDB
12 1,357 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
13 1,263 (3.68%) Hadoop
14 1,151 (3.35%) SQL Server 2012
15 1,136 (3.31%) SQL Server 2008
16 1,093 (3.18%) Oracle Database
17 863 (2.51%) RDBMS
18 750 (2.18%) SQL Server 2016
19 663 (1.93%) Azure SQL Database
20 633 (1.84%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 3,525 (10.26%) Git (software)
2 1,947 (5.67%) Visual Studio
3 1,726 (5.02%) Team Foundation Server
4 1,688 (4.91%) JIRA
5 1,624 (4.73%) Jenkins
6 1,287 (3.75%) Selenium
7 869 (2.53%) TeamCity
8 808 (2.35%) Subversion
9 780 (2.27%) JUnit
10 750 (2.18%) Maven
11 603 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
12 544 (1.58%) Cucumber
13 531 (1.55%) NUnit
14 458 (1.33%) Visual Studio Team System
15 394 (1.15%) Eclipse
16 374 (1.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 356 (1.04%) SpecFlow
18 302 (0.88%) Protractor
19 274 (0.80%) WebDriver
20 263 (0.77%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 9,320 (27.13%) Finance
2 2,561 (7.45%) Banking
3 1,881 (5.48%) Retail
4 1,371 (3.99%) Marketing
5 1,183 (3.44%) Advertising
6 925 (2.69%) Front Office
7 792 (2.31%) Investment Banking
8 655 (1.91%) Manufacturing
9 643 (1.87%) Games
10 638 (1.86%) Telecoms
11 535 (1.56%) Legal
12 506 (1.47%) Financial Institution
13 377 (1.10%) Back Office
14 371 (1.08%) Law
15 214 (0.62%) Automotive
16 211 (0.61%) Electronics
17 152 (0.44%) French Language
18 150 (0.44%) Publishing
19 141 (0.41%) German Language
20 81 (0.24%) Billing
Job Titles
1 15,915 (46.33%) Developer
2 5,516 (16.06%) Analyst
3 4,280 (12.46%) .NET Developer
4 4,099 (11.93%) C# Developer
5 2,901 (8.44%) SQL Developer
6 2,678 (7.80%) Senior Developer
7 2,502 (7.28%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,409 (7.01%) Java Developer
9 2,318 (6.75%) Software Developer
10 1,549 (4.51%) Consultant
11 1,537 (4.47%) Applications Support
12 1,496 (4.35%) DBA
13 1,399 (4.07%) Software Engineer
14 1,369 (3.99%) Support Analyst
15 1,241 (3.61%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,225 (3.57%) Junior
17 1,212 (3.53%) Architect
18 1,071 (3.12%) SQL DBA
19 1,014 (2.95%) ASP.NET Developer
20 986 (2.87%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,322 (30.05%) .NET
2 6,582 (19.16%) HTML
3 5,632 (16.39%) CSS
4 4,844 (14.10%) ASP.NET
5 3,866 (11.25%) AngularJS
6 3,556 (10.35%) Web Services
7 2,720 (7.92%) XML
8 2,719 (7.91%) jQuery
9 2,450 (7.13%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,246 (6.54%) .NET Framework
11 2,058 (5.99%) REST
12 2,044 (5.95%) Spring
13 1,992 (5.80%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,934 (5.63%) HTML5
15 1,746 (5.08%) RESTful
16 1,623 (4.72%) React
17 1,369 (3.99%) SOAP
18 1,366 (3.98%) WCF
19 1,335 (3.89%) JSON
20 1,320 (3.84%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 3,733 (10.87%) Analytical Skills
2 2,775 (8.08%) Computer Science
3 1,471 (4.28%) Greenfield Project
4 1,363 (3.97%) Fintech
5 1,075 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
6 1,048 (3.05%) Self-Motivation
7 918 (2.67%) User Experience
8 871 (2.54%) Management Information System
9 760 (2.21%) Algorithms
10 714 (2.08%) Mobile App
11 669 (1.95%) Equities
12 652 (1.90%) Fixed Income
13 645 (1.88%) Data Structures
14 598 (1.74%) Derivative
15 595 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 589 (1.71%) Hedge funds
17 494 (1.44%) Replication
18 473 (1.38%) Clustering
19 382 (1.11%) Data Centre
20 342 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,837 (14.08%) Windows
2 4,174 (12.15%) Linux
3 2,178 (6.34%) Unix
4 1,638 (4.77%) Windows Server
5 560 (1.63%) Windows Server 2008
6 541 (1.57%) Windows Server 2012
7 502 (1.46%) Android
8 398 (1.16%) Apple iOS
9 369 (1.07%) Windows 7
10 346 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 281 (0.82%) Windows 10
12 192 (0.56%) Solaris
13 187 (0.54%) CentOS
14 155 (0.45%) Ubuntu
15 123 (0.36%) Windows 8
16 122 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
17 112 (0.33%) VMS
18 104 (0.30%) AIX
19 70 (0.20%) Mac OS
20 56 (0.16%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,956 (31.89%) Agile Software Development
2 5,307 (15.45%) MVC
3 5,007 (14.58%) Business Intelligence
4 4,544 (13.23%) Problem-Solving
5 3,852 (11.21%) TDD
6 3,770 (10.97%) Software Engineering
7 3,432 (9.99%) Analytics
8 3,220 (9.37%) Scrum
9 3,116 (9.07%) Test Automation
10 2,838 (8.26%) ETL
11 2,639 (7.68%) OO
12 2,627 (7.65%) DevOps
13 2,597 (7.56%) SDLC
14 2,578 (7.50%) Continuous Integration
15 2,077 (6.05%) Web Development
16 1,789 (5.21%) Unit Testing
17 1,782 (5.19%) Microservices
18 1,776 (5.17%) BDD
19 1,712 (4.98%) Mentoring
20 1,681 (4.89%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 11,150 (32.46%) C#
2 8,978 (26.13%) JavaScript
3 7,247 (21.10%) Java
4 5,346 (15.56%) T-SQL
5 4,701 (13.68%) Python
6 1,995 (5.81%) PL/SQL
7 1,863 (5.42%) PowerShell
8 1,817 (5.29%) C++
9 1,486 (4.33%) PHP
10 1,003 (2.92%) R
11 994 (2.89%) VB.NET
12 924 (2.69%) C
13 872 (2.54%) VBA
14 820 (2.39%) Scala
15 794 (2.31%) Shell Script
16 766 (2.23%) Bash Shell
17 744 (2.17%) Ruby
18 716 (2.08%) Java 8
19 702 (2.04%) Perl
20 632 (1.84%) VB
Qualifications
1 5,150 (14.99%) Degree
2 1,317 (3.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 665 (1.94%) Microsoft Certification
4 655 (1.91%) Security Cleared
5 326 (0.95%) ISTQB
6 311 (0.91%) ISEB
7 296 (0.86%) SC Cleared
8 270 (0.79%) MCSE
9 251 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
10 221 (0.64%) PhD
11 219 (0.64%) Master's Degree
12 176 (0.51%) MCSA
13 170 (0.49%) DV Cleared
14 127 (0.37%) MCP
15 124 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
16 107 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
17 103 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 98 (0.29%) CCNA
19 92 (0.27%) CISSP
20 90 (0.26%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,810 (5.27%) QA
2 665 (1.94%) Data Quality
3 449 (1.31%) SLA
4 268 (0.78%) GDPR
5 174 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 131 (0.38%) PCI DSS
7 114 (0.33%) PMO
8 45 (0.13%) MiFID
9 31 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 26 (0.076%) IFRS
11 25 (0.073%) ISO 9001
12 23 (0.067%) FATCA
13 22 (0.064%) IFRS 9
14 21 (0.061%) Solvency II
15 19 (0.055%) Actionable Recommendations
15 19 (0.055%) Cyber Essentials
16 18 (0.052%) EMIR
17 17 (0.049%) Dodd-Frank
18 16 (0.047%) HL7
19 13 (0.038%) WAI
System Software
1 1,645 (4.79%) Active Directory
2 1,457 (4.24%) Docker
3 860 (2.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 559 (1.63%) Hyper-V
5 329 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
6 237 (0.69%) vSphere
7 197 (0.57%) HDFS
8 158 (0.46%) Oracle RAC
9 151 (0.44%) XenApp
10 102 (0.30%) XenDesktop
11 92 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
12 83 (0.24%) VirtualBox
13 56 (0.16%) Terminal Services
14 52 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
15 49 (0.14%) XenServer
16 48 (0.14%) Xen
17 47 (0.14%) Apache Flume
18 41 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
19 40 (0.12%) Firmware
20 27 (0.079%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 908 (2.64%) Ansible
2 718 (2.09%) Puppet
3 655 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
4 551 (1.60%) Kubernetes
5 352 (1.02%) Terraform
6 336 (0.98%) SCCM
7 161 (0.47%) SCOM
8 137 (0.40%) Kibana
9 130 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
10 126 (0.37%) Nagios
11 111 (0.32%) Data Guard
12 108 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
13 104 (0.30%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 96 (0.28%) Microsoft Clustering
15 91 (0.26%) Oozie
16 90 (0.26%) logstash
17 81 (0.24%) Failover Clustering
18 76 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
19 75 (0.22%) Control-M
20 70 (0.20%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 8,707 (25.35%) Microsoft
2 4,880 (14.21%) Oracle
3 1,495 (4.35%) Tableau
4 1,387 (4.04%) VMware
5 934 (2.72%) Google
6 759 (2.21%) SAP
7 521 (1.52%) Citrix
8 501 (1.46%) Xamarin
9 492 (1.43%) Cisco
10 474 (1.38%) IBM
11 403 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
12 396 (1.15%) Red Hat
13 384 (1.12%) Sybase
14 343 (1.00%) Cognos
15 331 (0.96%) Informatica
16 285 (0.83%) HP
17 251 (0.73%) Atlassian
18 233 (0.68%) Talend
19 211 (0.61%) New Relic
20 198 (0.58%) Adobe