Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 25,174 32,903 36,730
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.41% 20.30% 20.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.25% 36.73% 37.22%
Number of salaries quoted 21,211 27,792 30,761
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £29,633 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,498 89,590 98,696
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.76% 55.27% 55.32%
Number of salaries quoted 60,555 74,568 81,194
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 23,279 £50,000 - 3,478
UK excluding London 0 14,602 £42,500 - 2,666
London 0 10,010 £60,000 - 1,044
South East -2 4,761 £45,000 - 698
North of England -1 3,249 £42,500 - 720
Midlands 0 2,292 £42,500 +2.41% 475
North West -1 1,730 £42,500 - 417
South West 0 1,699 £40,000 -2.44% 301
West Midlands 0 1,443 £45,000 +5.88% 314
Yorkshire -1 1,309 £42,500 - 254
East of England 0 1,219 £45,000 - 240
Scotland -1 950 £44,000 -2.22% 127
East Midlands -1 842 £40,000 - 159
Wales 0 352 £41,000 +2.50% 88
North East 0 210 £40,810 -3.98% 49
Northern Ireland -3 92 £36,250 -3.33% 20
Channel Islands +12 7 £60,000 +6.67%
Isle of Man +3 3 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 8,336 (33.11%) C#
2 8,136 (32.32%) Agile Software Development
3 7,807 (31.01%) SQL Server
4 7,443 (29.57%) .NET
5 5,824 (23.13%) Microsoft
6 5,791 (23.00%) JavaScript
7 5,577 (22.15%) Finance
8 5,494 (21.82%) Azure
9 4,610 (18.31%) Java
10 4,279 (17.00%) Python
11 4,228 (16.80%) Business Intelligence
12 3,780 (15.02%) HTML
13 3,415 (13.57%) ASP.NET
14 3,407 (13.53%) T-SQL
15 3,388 (13.46%) AWS
16 3,341 (13.27%) Windows
17 3,302 (13.12%) MVC
18 3,243 (12.88%) CSS
19 3,223 (12.80%) Oracle
20 3,086 (12.26%) Problem-Solving
21 3,084 (12.25%) Degree
22 2,952 (11.73%) Analytics
23 2,726 (10.83%) DevOps
24 2,724 (10.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
25 2,720 (10.80%) Software Engineering
26 2,679 (10.64%) Git (software)
27 2,630 (10.45%) Linux
28 2,626 (10.43%) Analytical Skills
29 2,575 (10.23%) Data Warehouse
30 2,550 (10.13%) ETL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 878 (3.49%) SharePoint
2 752 (2.99%) Apache Spark
3 715 (2.84%) IIS
4 395 (1.57%) SAS
5 394 (1.57%) Apache
6 384 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
7 366 (1.45%) Confluence
8 353 (1.40%) Tomcat
9 284 (1.13%) CMS
10 275 (1.09%) MS Exchange
11 169 (0.67%) JBoss
12 167 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
13 151 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 142 (0.56%) Umbraco
15 128 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
16 126 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 118 (0.47%) WebLogic
18 105 (0.42%) WordPress
19 98 (0.39%) nginx
20 96 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 1,416 (5.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 809 (3.21%) Microsoft Office
3 168 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 122 (0.48%) MS Visio
5 99 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 84 (0.33%) SPSS
7 46 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 32 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 18 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
9 18 (0.072%) S-PLUS
10 11 (0.044%) InfoPath
11 10 (0.040%) Chatbot
11 10 (0.040%) Stata
12 8 (0.032%) AutoCAD
13 7 (0.028%) Sketch
14 6 (0.024%) Revit
15 5 (0.020%) Adobe Premiere
15 5 (0.020%) Adobe XD
15 5 (0.020%) Gliffy
15 5 (0.020%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 363 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 206 (0.82%) thinkFolio
3 186 (0.74%) Markit EDM
4 155 (0.62%) Oracle EBS
5 127 (0.50%) Front Arena
6 114 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
7 106 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
8 97 (0.39%) Dynamics NAV
8 97 (0.39%) NetSuite
9 83 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
10 82 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
11 77 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
12 65 (0.26%) SAP Business One
13 61 (0.24%) Magento
14 49 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
15 47 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 47 (0.19%) PolarLake
16 42 (0.17%) Eagle PACE
17 40 (0.16%) FastStats
18 39 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 5,494 (21.82%) Azure
2 3,388 (13.46%) AWS
3 2,211 (8.78%) Power Platform
4 891 (3.54%) Office 365
5 884 (3.51%) SaaS
6 773 (3.07%) GCP
7 456 (1.81%) PaaS
8 383 (1.52%) GitHub
9 379 (1.51%) Serverless
10 358 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
11 312 (1.24%) IaaS
12 297 (1.18%) Dynamics 365
13 290 (1.15%) Azure Data Factory
14 265 (1.05%) Amazon S3
15 255 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
16 244 (0.97%) Azure Active Directory
17 147 (0.58%) Google Analytics
18 140 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
19 136 (0.54%) Azure Functions
20 124 (0.49%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 538 (2.14%) Firewall
2 469 (1.86%) DNS
3 428 (1.70%) TCP/IP
4 339 (1.35%) Internet
5 296 (1.18%) DHCP
6 293 (1.16%) SAN
7 281 (1.12%) HTTP
8 269 (1.07%) WAN
9 234 (0.93%) LAN
10 165 (0.66%) VPN
11 142 (0.56%) VoIP
12 128 (0.51%) SSL
13 109 (0.43%) Skype
14 105 (0.42%) Wireless
15 96 (0.38%) VLAN
16 80 (0.32%) Network Security
17 75 (0.30%) NAS
18 74 (0.29%) FTP
19 63 (0.25%) HTTPS
20 61 (0.24%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7,807 (31.01%) SQL Server
2 2,724 (10.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,575 (10.23%) Data Warehouse
4 2,385 (9.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 2,172 (8.63%) Power BI
6 1,958 (7.78%) Relational Database
7 1,814 (7.21%) NoSQL
8 1,477 (5.87%) Big Data
9 1,405 (5.58%) MySQL
10 1,313 (5.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 1,177 (4.68%) PostgreSQL
12 806 (3.20%) Hadoop
13 763 (3.03%) Azure SQL Database
14 753 (2.99%) MongoDB
15 722 (2.87%) RDBMS
16 650 (2.58%) Oracle Database
17 559 (2.22%) SQL Server 2012
18 484 (1.92%) SQL Server 2016
19 477 (1.89%) SQL Server 2008
20 472 (1.87%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,679 (10.64%) Git (software)
2 1,340 (5.32%) JIRA
3 1,238 (4.92%) Jenkins
4 1,127 (4.48%) Visual Studio
5 920 (3.65%) Selenium
6 894 (3.55%) Team Foundation Server
7 504 (2.00%) Subversion
8 422 (1.68%) Maven
9 418 (1.66%) TeamCity
10 393 (1.56%) Cucumber
11 349 (1.39%) JUnit
12 301 (1.20%) SpecFlow
12 301 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
13 293 (1.16%) Bitbucket
14 284 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
15 268 (1.06%) NUnit
16 264 (1.05%) SoapUI
17 221 (0.88%) WebDriver
18 213 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 208 (0.83%) Oracle Forms
General
1 5,577 (22.15%) Finance
2 1,269 (5.04%) Banking
3 1,265 (5.03%) Retail
4 1,248 (4.96%) Marketing
5 616 (2.45%) Front Office
6 568 (2.26%) Public Sector
7 466 (1.85%) Manufacturing
8 457 (1.82%) Telecoms
9 407 (1.62%) Games
10 324 (1.29%) Legal
11 298 (1.18%) Back Office
12 257 (1.02%) Law
13 236 (0.94%) Investment Banking
14 209 (0.83%) Advertising
15 201 (0.80%) Electronics
16 183 (0.73%) Automotive
17 161 (0.64%) Financial Institution
18 144 (0.57%) German Language
19 140 (0.56%) Publishing
20 134 (0.53%) French Language
Job Titles
1 11,264 (44.74%) Developer
2 3,960 (15.73%) Analyst
3 2,776 (11.03%) .NET Developer
4 2,561 (10.17%) C# Developer
5 1,897 (7.54%) Senior Developer
6 1,852 (7.36%) SQL Developer
7 1,789 (7.11%) Software Developer
8 1,475 (5.86%) Java Developer
9 1,440 (5.72%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,290 (5.12%) Software Engineer
11 1,046 (4.16%) Applications Support
12 1,029 (4.09%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 948 (3.77%) Consultant
14 937 (3.72%) Support Analyst
15 896 (3.56%) Junior
16 880 (3.50%) Data Analyst
17 852 (3.38%) DBA
18 839 (3.33%) Data Engineer
19 798 (3.17%) Architect
20 666 (2.65%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,443 (29.57%) .NET
2 3,780 (15.02%) HTML
3 3,415 (13.57%) ASP.NET
4 3,243 (12.88%) CSS
5 2,410 (9.57%) AngularJS
6 2,224 (8.83%) Web Services
7 1,649 (6.55%) XML
8 1,573 (6.25%) ASP.NET MVC
9 1,562 (6.20%) jQuery
10 1,506 (5.98%) REST
11 1,500 (5.96%) .NET Framework
12 1,343 (5.33%) React
13 1,292 (5.13%) .NET Core
14 1,258 (5.00%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,230 (4.89%) RESTful
16 1,145 (4.55%) Spring
17 997 (3.96%) SOAP
18 946 (3.76%) JSON
19 911 (3.62%) HTML5
20 828 (3.29%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 2,626 (10.43%) Analytical Skills
2 1,007 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
3 786 (3.12%) Management Information System
4 760 (3.02%) Self-Motivation
5 653 (2.59%) User Experience
6 571 (2.27%) Hedge funds
7 546 (2.17%) Algorithms
8 529 (2.10%) Mobile App
9 528 (2.10%) Fixed Income
10 459 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
11 450 (1.79%) Equities
12 441 (1.75%) Derivative
13 440 (1.75%) Data Structures
14 403 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 334 (1.33%) Data Centre
16 300 (1.19%) Replication
17 288 (1.14%) Clustering
18 237 (0.94%) Public Cloud
19 187 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
20 159 (0.63%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,341 (13.27%) Windows
2 2,630 (10.45%) Linux
3 1,297 (5.15%) Unix
4 1,197 (4.75%) Windows Server
5 358 (1.42%) Android
6 340 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 287 (1.14%) Apple iOS
8 278 (1.10%) Windows 10
9 252 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
10 238 (0.95%) Windows 7
11 133 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 124 (0.49%) CentOS
13 78 (0.31%) Windows 8
14 68 (0.27%) Debian
14 68 (0.27%) Solaris
14 68 (0.27%) Ubuntu
15 60 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
16 51 (0.20%) Mac OS
17 50 (0.20%) AIX
18 46 (0.18%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,136 (32.32%) Agile Software Development
2 4,228 (16.80%) Business Intelligence
3 3,302 (13.12%) MVC
4 3,086 (12.26%) Problem-Solving
5 2,952 (11.73%) Analytics
6 2,726 (10.83%) DevOps
7 2,720 (10.80%) Software Engineering
8 2,550 (10.13%) ETL
9 2,377 (9.44%) Scrum
10 2,151 (8.54%) Test Automation
11 2,103 (8.35%) TDD
12 1,913 (7.60%) SDLC
13 1,911 (7.59%) Computer Science
14 1,700 (6.75%) Microservices
15 1,578 (6.27%) Mentoring
16 1,562 (6.20%) Data Modelling
17 1,412 (5.61%) Continuous Integration
18 1,410 (5.60%) Visualisation
19 1,405 (5.58%) Web Development
20 1,308 (5.20%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 8,336 (33.11%) C#
2 5,791 (23.00%) JavaScript
3 4,610 (18.31%) Java
4 4,279 (17.00%) Python
5 3,407 (13.53%) T-SQL
6 1,425 (5.66%) PowerShell
7 1,212 (4.81%) PL/SQL
8 1,008 (4.00%) R
9 946 (3.76%) PHP
10 918 (3.65%) C++
11 719 (2.86%) VB.NET
12 630 (2.50%) VBA
13 599 (2.38%) C
14 538 (2.14%) TypeScript
15 521 (2.07%) Scala
16 508 (2.02%) Bash Shell
17 481 (1.91%) VB
18 397 (1.58%) Ruby
19 391 (1.55%) Shell Script
20 383 (1.52%) Perl
Qualifications
1 3,084 (12.25%) Degree
2 892 (3.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 494 (1.96%) Microsoft Certification
4 458 (1.82%) Security Cleared
5 320 (1.27%) ISTQB
6 248 (0.99%) SC Cleared
7 212 (0.84%) MCSE
8 203 (0.81%) ISEB
9 190 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
10 181 (0.72%) PhD
11 160 (0.64%) CCNA
12 159 (0.63%) Master's Degree
13 152 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
14 124 (0.49%) DV Cleared
15 122 (0.48%) MCSA
16 120 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 106 (0.42%) MCP
18 73 (0.29%) HND
19 59 (0.23%) CCNP
20 52 (0.21%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,621 (6.44%) QA
2 664 (2.64%) Data Quality
3 454 (1.80%) SLA
4 214 (0.85%) GDPR
5 110 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 57 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 39 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 39 (0.15%) PMO
8 30 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
9 28 (0.11%) DICOM
10 26 (0.10%) MiFID
11 25 (0.099%) Solvency II
12 23 (0.091%) IFRS
13 20 (0.079%) Cyber Essentials
14 16 (0.064%) EMIR
14 16 (0.064%) HL7
14 16 (0.064%) WCAG
15 13 (0.052%) COBIT
16 11 (0.044%) NIST
17 9 (0.036%) CRD IV
System Software
1 1,621 (6.44%) Docker
2 1,297 (5.15%) Active Directory
3 614 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 554 (2.20%) Hyper-V
5 157 (0.62%) XenApp
6 152 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
7 123 (0.49%) vSphere
8 108 (0.43%) HDFS
9 86 (0.34%) XenDesktop
10 79 (0.31%) VirtualBox
11 77 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
12 69 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
13 62 (0.25%) Firmware
14 53 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
15 47 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
16 33 (0.13%) Terminal Services
17 25 (0.099%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 22 (0.087%) Apache Flume
18 22 (0.087%) Forefront TMG
18 22 (0.087%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1,007 (4.00%) Kubernetes
2 529 (2.10%) Ansible
3 465 (1.85%) Terraform
4 341 (1.35%) Puppet
5 320 (1.27%) SCCM
6 239 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 133 (0.53%) SCOM
8 104 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
9 75 (0.30%) Prometheus
10 71 (0.28%) Kibana
11 70 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
12 68 (0.27%) Nagios
13 67 (0.27%) WSUS
14 63 (0.25%) Data Guard
15 62 (0.25%) Backup Exec
16 61 (0.24%) Grafana
17 58 (0.23%) SQL Sentry
18 57 (0.23%) Packer
19 52 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
20 49 (0.19%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 5,824 (23.13%) Microsoft
2 3,223 (12.80%) Oracle
3 1,353 (5.37%) Tableau
4 975 (3.87%) VMware
5 815 (3.24%) Google
6 695 (2.76%) SAP
7 518 (2.06%) IBM
8 382 (1.52%) Citrix
9 375 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
10 352 (1.40%) Informatica
11 324 (1.29%) Cisco
12 208 (0.83%) Cognos
13 205 (0.81%) Sybase
14 196 (0.78%) Talend
15 195 (0.77%) HP
16 190 (0.75%) Charles River
17 180 (0.72%) Databricks
18 179 (0.71%) SimCorp
19 178 (0.71%) WorldPay
20 175 (0.70%) Splunk