Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36830 37768 46742
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.50% 20.43% 21.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.14% 38.53% 41.82%
Number of salaries quoted 30979 32906 40584
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 99175 98033 111766
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.20% 53.03% 51.83%
Number of salaries quoted 81921 84416 96012
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,250 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34465 £45,000 - 2323
UK excluding London 0 22071 £41,500 +3.75% 1556
London 0 14176 £55,000 - 883
South East 0 7020 £42,500 - 424
North of England 0 5416 £40,000 - 498
Midlands 0 3317 £40,000 +6.67% 228
North West 0 2789 £40,000 - 265
Yorkshire 0 2330 £42,500 +6.25% 201
East of England -1 2266 £45,000 +5.88% 151
South West 0 2210 £40,000 - 136
West Midlands -1 2159 £40,000 +6.67% 127
Scotland +1 1362 £40,000 -1.23% 87
East Midlands 0 1156 £37,500 -6.25% 99
Wales -1 405 £35,500 -1.39% 28
North East +1 294 £40,000 +6.67% 32
Northern Ireland -4 109 £35,000 -12.50% 4
Isle of Man -3 18 £50,000 - 2
Channel Islands -2 6 £60,000 +4.35%

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12632 (34.30%) SQL Server
2 11638 (31.60%) C#
3 11475 (31.16%) Agile Software Development
4 11100 (30.14%) .NET
5 9498 (25.79%) JavaScript
6 9348 (25.38%) Finance
7 9040 (24.55%) Microsoft
8 7731 (20.99%) HTML
9 7429 (20.17%) Java
10 6334 (17.20%) CSS
11 5963 (16.19%) MVC
12 5824 (15.81%) ASP.NET
13 5806 (15.76%) Oracle
14 5760 (15.64%) T-SQL
15 5703 (15.48%) Business Intelligence
16 5556 (15.09%) Windows
17 5351 (14.53%) Degree
18 4236 (11.50%) Linux
18 4236 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
19 4230 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 4211 (11.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 4048 (10.99%) Python
22 3761 (10.21%) Scrum
23 3753 (10.19%) Web Services
23 3753 (10.19%) TDD
24 3748 (10.18%) AngularJS
25 3605 (9.79%) Analytics
26 3574 (9.70%) Microsoft Azure
27 3559 (9.66%) jQuery
28 3508 (9.52%) Software Engineering

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1460 (3.96%) IIS
2 1361 (3.70%) SharePoint
3 1042 (2.83%) SAS
4 859 (2.33%) Tomcat
5 810 (2.20%) Apache
6 802 (2.18%) Apache Spark
7 669 (1.82%) MS Exchange
8 578 (1.57%) CMS
9 551 (1.50%) JBoss
10 523 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
11 427 (1.16%) Confluence
12 364 (0.99%) WebSphere
13 333 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2010
14 277 (0.75%) WebLogic
15 243 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
16 230 (0.62%) Exchange Server 2013
17 219 (0.59%) Umbraco
18 202 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 187 (0.51%) Skype for Business
20 177 (0.48%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2237 (6.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 1138 (3.09%) Microsoft Office
3 313 (0.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 291 (0.79%) MS Visio
5 219 (0.59%) SPSS
6 102 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
7 69 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 61 (0.17%) Photoshop
9 32 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
10 31 (0.084%) InfoPath
11 20 (0.054%) FileZilla
12 18 (0.049%) Chatbot
13 11 (0.030%) S-PLUS
14 10 (0.027%) SPSS Modeler
15 8 (0.022%) Maya
16 7 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
17 6 (0.016%) Acrobat
17 6 (0.016%) AutoCAD
17 6 (0.016%) Weka
18 5 (0.014%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 551 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 339 (0.92%) Dynamics NAV
3 325 (0.88%) Dynamics AX
4 213 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
5 148 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
6 102 (0.28%) NetSuite
7 87 (0.24%) Actimize
8 83 (0.23%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 79 (0.21%) Magento
9 79 (0.21%) SAP Business One
10 71 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
11 65 (0.18%) ION MarketView
12 63 (0.17%) Oracle 11i
13 62 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
14 58 (0.16%) Sage X3
15 57 (0.15%) Markit EDM
16 50 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
17 43 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
17 43 (0.12%) thinkFolio
18 42 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 3574 (9.70%) Microsoft Azure
2 2605 (7.07%) Amazon AWS
3 990 (2.69%) SaaS
4 770 (2.09%) Office 365
5 613 (1.66%) GitHub
6 359 (0.97%) PaaS
7 342 (0.93%) Google Cloud Platform
8 316 (0.86%) IaaS
9 303 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
10 174 (0.47%) Google Analytics
11 162 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
12 153 (0.42%) Azure Data Factory
13 146 (0.40%) Amazon EC2
14 138 (0.37%) Amazon S3
15 135 (0.37%) npm
16 121 (0.33%) Serverless
17 85 (0.23%) OpenShift
18 84 (0.23%) Azure Machine Learning
19 83 (0.23%) Azure Active Directory
20 70 (0.19%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 775 (2.10%) Firewall
2 673 (1.83%) TCP/IP
3 636 (1.73%) Internet
4 621 (1.69%) DNS
5 550 (1.49%) HTTP
6 480 (1.30%) SAN
7 349 (0.95%) DHCP
8 335 (0.91%) WAN
9 333 (0.90%) LAN
10 292 (0.79%) SSL
11 272 (0.74%) VPN
12 214 (0.58%) SMS
13 195 (0.53%) VoIP
14 173 (0.47%) FTP
15 153 (0.42%) Intranet
16 137 (0.37%) LDAP
17 131 (0.36%) VLAN
18 127 (0.34%) Skype
19 110 (0.30%) Network Security
20 107 (0.29%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12632 (34.30%) SQL Server
2 4230 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 4211 (11.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 3294 (8.94%) Data Warehouse
5 2571 (6.98%) Relational Database
6 2470 (6.71%) NoSQL
7 2432 (6.60%) MySQL
8 2201 (5.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1766 (4.80%) Big Data
10 1494 (4.06%) SQL Server 2008
11 1391 (3.78%) Oracle Database
12 1381 (3.75%) Power BI
13 1299 (3.53%) MongoDB
14 1285 (3.49%) SQL Server 2012
15 1186 (3.22%) Hadoop
16 996 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
17 959 (2.60%) SQL Server 2014
18 903 (2.45%) QlikView
19 882 (2.39%) RDBMS
20 773 (2.10%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2812 (7.64%) Git (software)
2 2230 (6.05%) Visual Studio
3 1763 (4.79%) JIRA
4 1663 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
5 1521 (4.13%) Jenkins
6 1394 (3.78%) Selenium
7 1185 (3.22%) Subversion
8 853 (2.32%) JUnit
9 818 (2.22%) Maven
10 729 (1.98%) NUnit
11 698 (1.90%) TeamCity
12 651 (1.77%) Cucumber
13 416 (1.13%) Eclipse
14 414 (1.12%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 342 (0.93%) SpecFlow
16 338 (0.92%) WebDriver
17 304 (0.83%) SoapUI
18 302 (0.82%) Octopus Deploy
19 295 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 272 (0.74%) Oracle Forms
General
1 9348 (25.38%) Finance
2 3001 (8.15%) Banking
3 1753 (4.76%) Retail
4 1670 (4.53%) Marketing
5 1249 (3.39%) Investment Banking
6 1032 (2.80%) Advertising
7 953 (2.59%) Front Office
8 928 (2.52%) Manufacturing
9 870 (2.36%) Telecoms
10 852 (2.31%) Retail Banking
11 674 (1.83%) Games
12 635 (1.72%) Legal
13 480 (1.30%) Electronics
14 454 (1.23%) Back Office
15 404 (1.10%) Law
16 365 (0.99%) Financial Institution
17 298 (0.81%) Publishing
18 257 (0.70%) Automotive
19 135 (0.37%) Billing
20 127 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 17219 (46.75%) Developer
2 6333 (17.20%) Analyst
3 4895 (13.29%) .NET Developer
4 4402 (11.95%) C# Developer
5 3565 (9.68%) SQL Developer
6 2942 (7.99%) Senior Developer
7 2898 (7.87%) C# .NET Developer
8 2597 (7.05%) Java Developer
9 2396 (6.51%) Software Developer
10 1829 (4.97%) Applications Support
11 1574 (4.27%) Support Analyst
12 1561 (4.24%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1534 (4.17%) Software Engineer
14 1520 (4.13%) DBA
15 1515 (4.11%) Consultant
16 1441 (3.91%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1368 (3.71%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 1351 (3.67%) SQL Analyst
19 1334 (3.62%) Junior
20 1128 (3.06%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11100 (30.14%) .NET
2 7731 (20.99%) HTML
3 6334 (17.20%) CSS
4 5824 (15.81%) ASP.NET
5 3753 (10.19%) Web Services
6 3748 (10.18%) AngularJS
7 3559 (9.66%) jQuery
8 3382 (9.18%) XML
9 2820 (7.66%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2471 (6.71%) .NET Framework
11 2229 (6.05%) HTML5
12 2206 (5.99%) Spring
13 2151 (5.84%) REST
14 1904 (5.17%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1783 (4.84%) RESTful
16 1645 (4.47%) SOAP
17 1605 (4.36%) WCF
18 1323 (3.59%) JSON
19 1305 (3.54%) Hibernate
20 1249 (3.39%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 4236 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
2 3104 (8.43%) Computer Science
3 1415 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 1066 (2.89%) Fintech
5 1026 (2.79%) User Experience
6 1005 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
7 802 (2.18%) Management Information System
8 790 (2.14%) Algorithms
9 754 (2.05%) Mobile App
10 631 (1.71%) Clustering
11 625 (1.70%) Data Structures
12 569 (1.54%) Equities
13 519 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 519 (1.41%) Replication
14 456 (1.24%) Fixed Income
15 429 (1.16%) Derivative
16 428 (1.16%) Hedge funds
17 413 (1.12%) Client/Server
18 387 (1.05%) Data Centre
19 366 (0.99%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 5556 (15.09%) Windows
2 4236 (11.50%) Linux
3 2800 (7.60%) Unix
4 2125 (5.77%) Windows Server
5 777 (2.11%) Windows Server 2012
6 745 (2.02%) Windows Server 2008
7 630 (1.71%) Android
8 542 (1.47%) Apple iOS
9 501 (1.36%) Windows 7
10 369 (1.00%) Windows 10
11 240 (0.65%) Solaris
12 239 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
13 200 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 188 (0.51%) Windows 8
15 123 (0.33%) Ubuntu
16 120 (0.33%) CentOS
17 110 (0.30%) AIX
18 46 (0.12%) Mac OS
18 46 (0.12%) Mac OS X
19 45 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 11475 (31.16%) Agile Software Development
2 5963 (16.19%) MVC
3 5703 (15.48%) Business Intelligence
4 3761 (10.21%) Scrum
5 3753 (10.19%) TDD
6 3605 (9.79%) Analytics
7 3508 (9.52%) Software Engineering
8 3009 (8.17%) ETL
9 3006 (8.16%) SDLC
10 2979 (8.09%) Test Automation
11 2879 (7.82%) OO
12 2633 (7.15%) Web Development
13 2379 (6.46%) Continuous Integration
14 2080 (5.65%) ITIL
15 1988 (5.40%) DevOps
16 1975 (5.36%) Data Modelling
17 1892 (5.14%) Mentoring
18 1852 (5.03%) Unit Testing
19 1677 (4.55%) Mathematics
20 1574 (4.27%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 11638 (31.60%) C#
2 9498 (25.79%) JavaScript
3 7429 (20.17%) Java
4 5760 (15.64%) T-SQL
5 4048 (10.99%) Python
6 2236 (6.07%) PL/SQL
7 1793 (4.87%) C++
8 1767 (4.80%) PHP
9 1670 (4.53%) PowerShell
10 1154 (3.13%) VB.NET
11 1100 (2.99%) R
12 1071 (2.91%) C
13 983 (2.67%) VBA
14 959 (2.60%) Ruby
15 884 (2.40%) VB
16 867 (2.35%) Shell Script
17 841 (2.28%) Perl
18 687 (1.87%) Bash Shell
19 652 (1.77%) Scala
20 411 (1.12%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5351 (14.53%) Degree
2 1334 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 778 (2.11%) Microsoft Certification
4 593 (1.61%) Security Cleared
5 425 (1.15%) ISEB
6 397 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 324 (0.88%) SC Cleared
8 311 (0.84%) MCSE
9 295 (0.80%) PhD
10 242 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
11 214 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
12 206 (0.56%) MCSA
13 189 (0.51%) CCNA
14 175 (0.48%) Master's Degree
15 171 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
16 166 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 114 (0.31%) MCITP
18 113 (0.31%) MCP
19 107 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
20 104 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2102 (5.71%) QA
2 756 (2.05%) Data Quality
3 614 (1.67%) SLA
4 174 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 167 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 166 (0.45%) GDPR
7 86 (0.23%) PMO
8 84 (0.23%) Basel III
8 84 (0.23%) MiFID
9 82 (0.22%) ISO 9001
10 61 (0.17%) GCP
11 41 (0.11%) COBIT
11 41 (0.11%) EMIR
12 37 (0.10%) SEPA
13 34 (0.092%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 25 (0.068%) Actionable Recommendations
15 23 (0.062%) GAAP
15 23 (0.062%) HL7
16 22 (0.060%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 20 (0.054%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1702 (4.62%) Active Directory
2 1037 (2.82%) Docker
3 956 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 482 (1.31%) Hyper-V
5 265 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
5 265 (0.72%) vSphere
6 212 (0.58%) XenApp
7 134 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 118 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
8 118 (0.32%) XenDesktop
9 86 (0.23%) HDFS
10 73 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
11 70 (0.19%) Apache Flume
12 60 (0.16%) Xen
13 53 (0.14%) XenServer
14 51 (0.14%) Terminal Services
15 49 (0.13%) KVM
15 49 (0.13%) VirtualBox
16 47 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
17 45 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 681 (1.85%) Puppet
2 640 (1.74%) Opscode Chef
3 473 (1.28%) Ansible
4 458 (1.24%) SCCM
5 280 (0.76%) Kubernetes
6 225 (0.61%) SCOM
7 185 (0.50%) Nagios
8 160 (0.43%) Terraform
9 134 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
10 122 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
11 109 (0.30%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 99 (0.27%) Data Guard
12 99 (0.27%) Tivoli
13 95 (0.26%) Backup Exec
14 87 (0.24%) WSUS
15 86 (0.23%) Kibana
16 79 (0.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 77 (0.21%) vCenter Server
18 76 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
19 75 (0.20%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 9040 (24.55%) Microsoft
2 5806 (15.76%) Oracle
3 1536 (4.17%) VMware
4 1524 (4.14%) Tableau
5 1158 (3.14%) SAP
6 837 (2.27%) Google
7 643 (1.75%) Cisco
8 593 (1.61%) Citrix
9 525 (1.43%) IBM
10 515 (1.40%) Cognos
11 510 (1.38%) HP
12 486 (1.32%) Sybase
13 378 (1.03%) Informatica
14 347 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
15 290 (0.79%) Splunk
16 257 (0.70%) Red Hat
17 253 (0.69%) Xamarin
18 241 (0.65%) Adobe
19 216 (0.59%) Teradata
20 214 (0.58%) Sage