Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36272 38842 47413
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.66% 20.48% 21.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.35% 38.84% 42.04%
Number of salaries quoted 30243 33874 41037
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.25% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97115 100005 112786
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.32% 52.74% 51.56%
Number of salaries quoted 79652 86237 96348
UK median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +2.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34003 £45,000 - 1770
UK excluding London 0 21270 £40,500 +1.25% 1211
London 0 14437 £55,000 +0.31% 636
South East 0 6331 £42,500 - 327
North of England 0 5478 £40,000 - 362
Midlands 0 3344 £40,000 +6.67% 193
North West 0 2931 £40,000 - 182
Yorkshire 0 2309 £42,500 +6.25% 159
East of England -1 2225 £43,000 +1.18% 129
West Midlands -1 2213 £40,000 +6.67% 92
South West 0 2140 £40,000 - 120
Scotland +1 1340 £40,000 - 55
East Midlands +1 1125 £37,500 -6.25% 101
Wales -2 362 £37,500 +4.17% 17
North East +3 233 £40,000 +6.67% 21
Northern Ireland -1 113 £35,250 -11.88% 6
Isle of Man -5 14 £50,000 +11.11% 1
Channel Islands -1 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12654 (34.89%) SQL Server
2 11330 (31.24%) Agile Software Development
3 11254 (31.03%) C#
4 11125 (30.67%) .NET
5 9568 (26.38%) Finance
6 9242 (25.48%) JavaScript
7 9031 (24.90%) Microsoft
8 7822 (21.56%) HTML
9 7673 (21.15%) Java
10 6413 (17.68%) CSS
11 6100 (16.82%) Oracle
12 5897 (16.26%) MVC
13 5843 (16.11%) T-SQL
14 5830 (16.07%) ASP.NET
15 5773 (15.92%) Business Intelligence
16 5670 (15.63%) Windows
17 5359 (14.77%) Degree
18 4341 (11.97%) Linux
19 4281 (11.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 4215 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
21 4195 (11.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
22 3857 (10.63%) Python
23 3781 (10.42%) Web Services
24 3760 (10.37%) TDD
25 3753 (10.35%) Scrum
26 3607 (9.94%) AngularJS
27 3603 (9.93%) XML
28 3549 (9.78%) Analytics
29 3516 (9.69%) jQuery
30 3374 (9.30%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1568 (4.32%) IIS
2 1413 (3.90%) SharePoint
3 1011 (2.79%) SAS
4 967 (2.67%) Tomcat
5 894 (2.46%) Apache
6 746 (2.06%) Apache Spark
7 716 (1.97%) MS Exchange
8 631 (1.74%) CMS
9 621 (1.71%) JBoss
10 505 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
11 476 (1.31%) Confluence
12 397 (1.09%) WebSphere
13 347 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2010
14 338 (0.93%) WebLogic
15 306 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 253 (0.70%) Exchange Server 2013
17 249 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
18 203 (0.56%) Skype for Business
19 201 (0.55%) Umbraco
20 194 (0.53%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2303 (6.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 1217 (3.36%) Microsoft Office
3 366 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 318 (0.88%) MS Visio
5 233 (0.64%) SPSS
6 126 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 82 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 70 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 39 (0.11%) FileZilla
10 37 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
11 20 (0.055%) InfoPath
12 12 (0.033%) S-PLUS
12 12 (0.033%) SPSS Modeler
13 9 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 9 (0.025%) Stata
14 7 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
15 4 (0.011%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.011%) CINEMA 4D
15 4 (0.011%) GIMP
15 4 (0.011%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 591 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 294 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
3 248 (0.68%) Dynamics NAV
4 231 (0.64%) Oracle EBS
5 162 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
6 100 (0.28%) Actimize
7 94 (0.26%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 89 (0.25%) ION MarketView
9 69 (0.19%) Magento
10 67 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
11 66 (0.18%) Markit EDM
11 66 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
12 65 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
13 60 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
14 59 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
15 57 (0.16%) SAP Business One
16 53 (0.15%) NetSuite
17 52 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
18 50 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
19 49 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 3330 (9.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 2440 (6.73%) Amazon AWS
3 936 (2.58%) SaaS
4 734 (2.02%) Office 365
5 573 (1.58%) GitHub
6 324 (0.89%) PaaS
7 289 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
8 286 (0.79%) IaaS
9 270 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
10 185 (0.51%) Google Analytics
11 168 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
12 148 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
13 123 (0.34%) npm
14 110 (0.30%) Serverless
15 107 (0.29%) Azure Data Factory
16 105 (0.29%) Amazon S3
17 93 (0.26%) Azure Machine Learning
18 87 (0.24%) Azure Active Directory
19 72 (0.20%) Amazon SQS
20 67 (0.18%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 833 (2.30%) Firewall
2 724 (2.00%) DNS
3 698 (1.92%) TCP/IP
4 639 (1.76%) Internet
5 598 (1.65%) HTTP
6 537 (1.48%) SAN
7 412 (1.14%) DHCP
8 350 (0.96%) WAN
9 337 (0.93%) LAN
10 304 (0.84%) VPN
11 287 (0.79%) SSL
12 209 (0.58%) FTP
13 180 (0.50%) VoIP
14 176 (0.49%) Intranet
15 150 (0.41%) VLAN
16 146 (0.40%) SMS
17 135 (0.37%) LDAP
18 134 (0.37%) Skype
19 123 (0.34%) Wireless
20 118 (0.33%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12654 (34.89%) SQL Server
2 4281 (11.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4195 (11.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3374 (9.30%) Data Warehouse
5 2768 (7.63%) Relational Database
6 2447 (6.75%) NoSQL
7 2319 (6.39%) MySQL
8 2206 (6.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1759 (4.85%) Big Data
10 1640 (4.52%) SQL Server 2008
11 1425 (3.93%) Oracle Database
12 1399 (3.86%) MongoDB
13 1371 (3.78%) SQL Server 2012
14 1285 (3.54%) Power BI
15 1173 (3.23%) Hadoop
16 992 (2.73%) RDBMS
17 959 (2.64%) SQL Server 2014
18 938 (2.59%) PostgreSQL
19 896 (2.47%) QlikView
20 742 (2.05%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 2792 (7.70%) Git (software)
2 2093 (5.77%) Visual Studio
3 1915 (5.28%) JIRA
4 1593 (4.39%) Team Foundation Server
5 1551 (4.28%) Jenkins
6 1387 (3.82%) Selenium
7 1263 (3.48%) Subversion
8 914 (2.52%) JUnit
9 887 (2.45%) Maven
10 763 (2.10%) TeamCity
11 759 (2.09%) NUnit
12 651 (1.79%) Cucumber
13 407 (1.12%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 399 (1.10%) Eclipse
15 383 (1.06%) WebDriver
16 354 (0.98%) SpecFlow
17 305 (0.84%) Octopus Deploy
18 304 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 295 (0.81%) Oracle Forms
20 260 (0.72%) SoapUI
General
1 9568 (26.38%) Finance
2 3116 (8.59%) Banking
3 1933 (5.33%) Marketing
4 1704 (4.70%) Retail
5 1413 (3.90%) Investment Banking
6 995 (2.74%) Retail Banking
7 939 (2.59%) Telecoms
8 938 (2.59%) Front Office
8 938 (2.59%) Manufacturing
9 719 (1.98%) Advertising
10 649 (1.79%) Legal
11 629 (1.73%) Games
12 571 (1.57%) Electronics
13 480 (1.32%) Back Office
14 404 (1.11%) Financial Institution
15 374 (1.03%) Law
16 352 (0.97%) Publishing
17 218 (0.60%) Automotive
18 140 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
19 118 (0.33%) Billing
Job Titles
1 17015 (46.91%) Developer
2 6459 (17.81%) Analyst
3 4894 (13.49%) .NET Developer
4 4423 (12.19%) C# Developer
5 3608 (9.95%) SQL Developer
6 3027 (8.35%) Senior Developer
7 2885 (7.95%) C# .NET Developer
8 2616 (7.21%) Java Developer
9 2272 (6.26%) Software Developer
10 1839 (5.07%) Applications Support
11 1657 (4.57%) Support Analyst
12 1547 (4.26%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1485 (4.09%) DBA
14 1456 (4.01%) Software Engineer
15 1444 (3.98%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1441 (3.97%) SQL Analyst
17 1429 (3.94%) Consultant
18 1310 (3.61%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 1306 (3.60%) Junior
20 1105 (3.05%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11125 (30.67%) .NET
2 7822 (21.56%) HTML
3 6413 (17.68%) CSS
4 5830 (16.07%) ASP.NET
5 3781 (10.42%) Web Services
6 3607 (9.94%) AngularJS
7 3603 (9.93%) XML
8 3516 (9.69%) jQuery
9 2902 (8.00%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2428 (6.69%) .NET Framework
11 2227 (6.14%) HTML5
12 2224 (6.13%) Spring
13 2097 (5.78%) REST
14 1852 (5.11%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1634 (4.50%) SOAP
16 1630 (4.49%) RESTful
17 1607 (4.43%) WCF
18 1395 (3.85%) Hibernate
19 1381 (3.81%) JSON
20 1268 (3.50%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 4215 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
2 3051 (8.41%) Computer Science
3 1360 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
4 1035 (2.85%) User Experience
5 996 (2.75%) Fintech
6 983 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
7 792 (2.18%) Management Information System
8 754 (2.08%) Algorithms
9 705 (1.94%) Mobile App
10 661 (1.82%) Data Structures
11 594 (1.64%) Clustering
12 586 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 565 (1.56%) Equities
14 481 (1.33%) Replication
15 479 (1.32%) Derivative
16 461 (1.27%) Fixed Income
17 405 (1.12%) Hedge funds
18 385 (1.06%) Client/Server
19 383 (1.06%) Data Centre
20 372 (1.03%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 5670 (15.63%) Windows
2 4341 (11.97%) Linux
3 2845 (7.84%) Unix
4 2098 (5.78%) Windows Server
5 803 (2.21%) Windows Server 2008
6 796 (2.19%) Windows Server 2012
7 637 (1.76%) Android
8 506 (1.40%) Apple iOS
9 495 (1.36%) Windows 7
10 324 (0.89%) Windows 10
11 256 (0.71%) Windows Server 2003
12 229 (0.63%) Solaris
13 228 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 168 (0.46%) Windows 8
15 118 (0.33%) Ubuntu
16 117 (0.32%) CentOS
17 104 (0.29%) AIX
18 61 (0.17%) Mac OS X
19 57 (0.16%) Mac OS
20 49 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 11330 (31.24%) Agile Software Development
2 5897 (16.26%) MVC
3 5773 (15.92%) Business Intelligence
4 3760 (10.37%) TDD
5 3753 (10.35%) Scrum
6 3549 (9.78%) Analytics
7 3327 (9.17%) Software Engineering
8 3063 (8.44%) ETL
9 3061 (8.44%) SDLC
10 2932 (8.08%) Test Automation
11 2867 (7.90%) OO
12 2566 (7.07%) Web Development
13 2438 (6.72%) Continuous Integration
14 2131 (5.88%) ITIL
15 2007 (5.53%) Data Modelling
16 1951 (5.38%) Mentoring
17 1928 (5.32%) DevOps
18 1855 (5.11%) Unit Testing
19 1588 (4.38%) CRM
20 1515 (4.18%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11254 (31.03%) C#
2 9242 (25.48%) JavaScript
3 7673 (21.15%) Java
4 5843 (16.11%) T-SQL
5 3857 (10.63%) Python
6 2416 (6.66%) PL/SQL
7 1807 (4.98%) C++
8 1688 (4.65%) PHP
9 1654 (4.56%) PowerShell
10 1184 (3.26%) VB.NET
11 1085 (2.99%) R
12 1005 (2.77%) C
13 977 (2.69%) VBA
14 965 (2.66%) Shell Script
15 938 (2.59%) Ruby
16 908 (2.50%) VB
17 861 (2.37%) Perl
18 676 (1.86%) Bash Shell
19 622 (1.71%) Scala
20 397 (1.09%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5359 (14.77%) Degree
2 1352 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 807 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
4 642 (1.77%) Security Cleared
5 457 (1.26%) ISEB
6 405 (1.12%) ISTQB
7 338 (0.93%) MCSE
8 333 (0.92%) SC Cleared
9 300 (0.83%) PhD
10 238 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
11 227 (0.63%) MCSA
12 197 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
13 183 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
14 181 (0.50%) CCNA
14 181 (0.50%) Master's Degree
15 150 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 142 (0.39%) MCP
17 130 (0.36%) MCITP
18 112 (0.31%) DV Cleared
19 105 (0.29%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1996 (5.50%) QA
2 755 (2.08%) Data Quality
3 649 (1.79%) SLA
4 173 (0.48%) PCI DSS
5 172 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 135 (0.37%) GDPR
7 95 (0.26%) Basel III
8 94 (0.26%) MiFID
9 93 (0.26%) ISO 9001
10 78 (0.22%) PMO
11 57 (0.16%) SEPA
12 44 (0.12%) GCP
13 39 (0.11%) EMIR
14 36 (0.099%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 35 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 26 (0.072%) COBIT
16 26 (0.072%) GAAP
17 25 (0.069%) Actionable Recommendations
18 20 (0.055%) ISO 20022
19 19 (0.052%) HL7
System Software
1 1794 (4.95%) Active Directory
2 955 (2.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 847 (2.34%) Docker
4 520 (1.43%) Hyper-V
5 306 (0.84%) vSphere
6 287 (0.79%) VMware ESXi
7 210 (0.58%) XenApp
8 115 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
9 110 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
10 106 (0.29%) XenDesktop
11 91 (0.25%) XenServer
12 88 (0.24%) Xen
13 79 (0.22%) HDFS
14 74 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 70 (0.19%) Terminal Services
16 64 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
17 63 (0.17%) KVM
18 58 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
19 46 (0.13%) Firmware
20 45 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 687 (1.89%) Puppet
2 626 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
3 464 (1.28%) Ansible
4 434 (1.20%) SCCM
5 234 (0.65%) SCOM
6 208 (0.57%) Kubernetes
7 193 (0.53%) Nagios
8 148 (0.41%) Terraform
9 131 (0.36%) Backup Exec
10 125 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
11 118 (0.33%) Tivoli
12 107 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
13 99 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 99 (0.27%) WSUS
14 84 (0.23%) Opsview
14 84 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 83 (0.23%) Control-M
16 81 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
17 80 (0.22%) Data Guard
18 77 (0.21%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 9031 (24.90%) Microsoft
2 6100 (16.82%) Oracle
3 1583 (4.36%) VMware
4 1547 (4.26%) Tableau
5 1271 (3.50%) SAP
6 664 (1.83%) Cisco
7 646 (1.78%) Google
8 614 (1.69%) Citrix
9 608 (1.68%) IBM
10 550 (1.52%) Cognos
11 537 (1.48%) Sybase
12 529 (1.46%) HP
13 352 (0.97%) Informatica
14 335 (0.92%) Splunk
15 301 (0.83%) Red Hat
16 296 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
17 258 (0.71%) Adobe
18 251 (0.69%) TIBCO
19 232 (0.64%) Xamarin
20 228 (0.63%) Sitecore