Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 37246 38620 47105
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.59% 20.44% 21.67%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.21% 38.65% 41.91%
Number of salaries quoted 31239 33749 40699
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,250 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.13% - +3.90%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 100094 99915 112409
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.32% 52.89% 51.72%
Number of salaries quoted 82448 86252 96120
UK median annual salary £49,039 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.24% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +1.27%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34862 £45,000 - 2488
UK excluding London 0 22193 £41,250 +3.13% 1651
London 0 14446 £55,000 - 959
South East 0 6920 £42,500 - 437
North of England 0 5553 £40,000 - 493
Midlands 0 3358 £40,000 +6.67% 261
North West 0 2888 £40,000 - 270
Yorkshire 0 2391 £42,500 +6.25% 194
East of England -1 2289 £44,500 +4.71% 165
South West 0 2227 £40,000 - 168
West Midlands -1 2198 £40,000 +6.67% 134
Scotland +1 1379 £40,000 - 92
East Midlands 0 1155 £37,500 -6.25% 122
Wales -1 407 £37,500 +4.17% 23
North East +1 271 £40,000 +6.67% 29
Northern Ireland -4 103 £35,000 -12.50% 13
Isle of Man -3 18 £50,000 -
Channel Islands -2 5 £60,000 +2.13%

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12816 (34.41%) SQL Server
2 11695 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
3 11677 (31.35%) C#
4 11304 (30.35%) .NET
5 9593 (25.76%) Finance
6 9543 (25.62%) JavaScript
7 9165 (24.61%) Microsoft
8 7884 (21.17%) HTML
9 7665 (20.58%) Java
10 6439 (17.29%) CSS
11 6051 (16.25%) MVC
12 6026 (16.18%) Oracle
13 5918 (15.89%) ASP.NET
14 5874 (15.77%) T-SQL
15 5858 (15.73%) Business Intelligence
16 5693 (15.28%) Windows
17 5460 (14.66%) Degree
18 4373 (11.74%) Linux
19 4334 (11.64%) Analytical Skills
20 4299 (11.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 4279 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
22 4064 (10.91%) Python
23 3845 (10.32%) TDD
24 3841 (10.31%) Web Services
25 3808 (10.22%) Scrum
26 3752 (10.07%) AngularJS
27 3645 (9.79%) Analytics
28 3591 (9.64%) jQuery
29 3522 (9.46%) Microsoft Azure
30 3515 (9.44%) XML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1524 (4.09%) IIS
2 1388 (3.73%) SharePoint
3 1037 (2.78%) SAS
4 921 (2.47%) Tomcat
5 869 (2.33%) Apache
6 785 (2.11%) Apache Spark
7 706 (1.90%) MS Exchange
8 596 (1.60%) CMS
9 587 (1.58%) JBoss
10 538 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
11 447 (1.20%) Confluence
12 389 (1.04%) WebSphere
13 348 (0.93%) Exchange Server 2010
14 313 (0.84%) WebLogic
15 251 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 246 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
17 244 (0.66%) Exchange Server 2013
18 209 (0.56%) Umbraco
19 199 (0.53%) Skype for Business
20 186 (0.50%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2294 (6.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 1204 (3.23%) Microsoft Office
3 342 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 298 (0.80%) MS Visio
5 225 (0.60%) SPSS
6 121 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 76 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
8 60 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 34 (0.091%) Adobe Illustrator
10 28 (0.075%) FileZilla
11 27 (0.072%) InfoPath
12 15 (0.040%) Chatbot
13 12 (0.032%) S-PLUS
14 11 (0.030%) SPSS Modeler
15 8 (0.021%) Maya
16 7 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
17 6 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
17 6 (0.016%) AutoCAD
18 5 (0.013%) Acrobat
18 5 (0.013%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 568 (1.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 333 (0.89%) Dynamics NAV
3 321 (0.86%) Dynamics AX
4 232 (0.62%) Oracle EBS
5 150 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
6 95 (0.26%) Actimize
7 87 (0.23%) NetSuite
8 86 (0.23%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 80 (0.21%) ION MarketView
10 77 (0.21%) Magento
11 72 (0.19%) SAP Business One
12 70 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
13 63 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
14 60 (0.16%) Markit EDM
14 60 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
15 53 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
16 50 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
16 50 (0.13%) Sage X3
17 48 (0.13%) thinkFolio
18 46 (0.12%) Oracle HRMS
Cloud Services
1 3522 (9.46%) Microsoft Azure
2 2599 (6.98%) Amazon AWS
3 969 (2.60%) SaaS
4 754 (2.02%) Office 365
5 614 (1.65%) GitHub
6 347 (0.93%) PaaS
7 317 (0.85%) Google Cloud Platform
8 301 (0.81%) IaaS
9 285 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
10 177 (0.48%) Google Analytics
11 164 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
12 143 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
13 132 (0.35%) Azure Data Factory
14 128 (0.34%) npm
15 122 (0.33%) Amazon S3
16 108 (0.29%) Serverless
17 91 (0.24%) Azure Machine Learning
18 80 (0.21%) Adobe Analytics
19 78 (0.21%) Azure Active Directory
20 75 (0.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 804 (2.16%) Firewall
2 709 (1.90%) TCP/IP
3 670 (1.80%) DNS
4 639 (1.72%) Internet
5 577 (1.55%) HTTP
6 514 (1.38%) SAN
7 375 (1.01%) DHCP
8 331 (0.89%) WAN
9 324 (0.87%) LAN
10 290 (0.78%) SSL
11 287 (0.77%) VPN
12 189 (0.51%) SMS
12 189 (0.51%) VoIP
13 187 (0.50%) FTP
14 169 (0.45%) Intranet
15 133 (0.36%) Skype
15 133 (0.36%) VLAN
16 132 (0.35%) LDAP
17 116 (0.31%) Wireless
18 105 (0.28%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12816 (34.41%) SQL Server
2 4299 (11.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4279 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3399 (9.13%) Data Warehouse
5 2686 (7.21%) Relational Database
6 2497 (6.70%) NoSQL
7 2405 (6.46%) MySQL
8 2234 (6.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1782 (4.78%) Big Data
10 1599 (4.29%) SQL Server 2008
11 1429 (3.84%) Oracle Database
12 1360 (3.65%) Power BI
13 1357 (3.64%) MongoDB
14 1350 (3.62%) SQL Server 2012
15 1190 (3.19%) Hadoop
16 978 (2.63%) SQL Server 2014
17 968 (2.60%) PostgreSQL
18 932 (2.50%) RDBMS
19 930 (2.50%) QlikView
20 761 (2.04%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2829 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 2203 (5.91%) Visual Studio
3 1822 (4.89%) JIRA
4 1664 (4.47%) Team Foundation Server
5 1557 (4.18%) Jenkins
6 1415 (3.80%) Selenium
7 1245 (3.34%) Subversion
8 894 (2.40%) JUnit
9 888 (2.38%) Maven
10 764 (2.05%) NUnit
11 761 (2.04%) TeamCity
12 667 (1.79%) Cucumber
13 432 (1.16%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 419 (1.12%) Eclipse
15 363 (0.97%) SpecFlow
15 363 (0.97%) WebDriver
16 314 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 310 (0.83%) Octopus Deploy
18 300 (0.81%) SoapUI
19 282 (0.76%) Oracle Forms
General
1 9593 (25.76%) Finance
2 3110 (8.35%) Banking
3 1828 (4.91%) Marketing
4 1785 (4.79%) Retail
5 1326 (3.56%) Investment Banking
6 995 (2.67%) Manufacturing
7 979 (2.63%) Front Office
8 964 (2.59%) Advertising
9 940 (2.52%) Retail Banking
10 936 (2.51%) Telecoms
11 669 (1.80%) Games
12 635 (1.70%) Legal
13 549 (1.47%) Electronics
14 476 (1.28%) Back Office
15 391 (1.05%) Law
16 385 (1.03%) Financial Institution
17 323 (0.87%) Publishing
18 251 (0.67%) Automotive
19 132 (0.35%) German Language
20 130 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 17457 (46.87%) Developer
2 6520 (17.51%) Analyst
3 4978 (13.37%) .NET Developer
4 4471 (12.00%) C# Developer
5 3689 (9.90%) SQL Developer
6 2994 (8.04%) Senior Developer
7 2941 (7.90%) C# .NET Developer
8 2629 (7.06%) Java Developer
9 2402 (6.45%) Software Developer
10 1868 (5.02%) Applications Support
11 1645 (4.42%) Support Analyst
12 1601 (4.30%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1556 (4.18%) Software Engineer
14 1541 (4.14%) DBA
15 1513 (4.06%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1503 (4.04%) Consultant
17 1415 (3.80%) SQL Analyst
18 1386 (3.72%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 1349 (3.62%) Junior
20 1114 (2.99%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11304 (30.35%) .NET
2 7884 (21.17%) HTML
3 6439 (17.29%) CSS
4 5918 (15.89%) ASP.NET
5 3841 (10.31%) Web Services
6 3752 (10.07%) AngularJS
7 3591 (9.64%) jQuery
8 3515 (9.44%) XML
9 2901 (7.79%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2493 (6.69%) .NET Framework
11 2261 (6.07%) Spring
12 2255 (6.05%) HTML5
13 2158 (5.79%) REST
14 1917 (5.15%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1800 (4.83%) RESTful
16 1663 (4.46%) SOAP
17 1587 (4.26%) WCF
18 1384 (3.72%) Hibernate
19 1349 (3.62%) JSON
20 1266 (3.40%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 4334 (11.64%) Analytical Skills
2 3153 (8.47%) Computer Science
3 1387 (3.72%) Greenfield Project
4 1034 (2.78%) User Experience
5 1033 (2.77%) Fintech
6 1000 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
7 804 (2.16%) Algorithms
7 804 (2.16%) Management Information System
8 731 (1.96%) Mobile App
9 658 (1.77%) Data Structures
10 629 (1.69%) Clustering
11 580 (1.56%) Equities
12 551 (1.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 516 (1.39%) Replication
14 466 (1.25%) Fixed Income
15 447 (1.20%) Derivative
16 428 (1.15%) Hedge funds
17 420 (1.13%) Client/Server
18 376 (1.01%) Data Centre
19 370 (0.99%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 5693 (15.28%) Windows
2 4373 (11.74%) Linux
3 2895 (7.77%) Unix
4 2157 (5.79%) Windows Server
5 795 (2.13%) Windows Server 2012
6 780 (2.09%) Windows Server 2008
7 628 (1.69%) Android
8 522 (1.40%) Windows 7
9 521 (1.40%) Apple iOS
10 368 (0.99%) Windows 10
11 253 (0.68%) Windows Server 2003
12 238 (0.64%) Solaris
13 221 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 198 (0.53%) Windows 8
15 124 (0.33%) Ubuntu
16 122 (0.33%) CentOS
17 110 (0.30%) AIX
18 51 (0.14%) Mac OS
19 49 (0.13%) Mac OS X
20 44 (0.12%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 11695 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
2 6051 (16.25%) MVC
3 5858 (15.73%) Business Intelligence
4 3845 (10.32%) TDD
5 3808 (10.22%) Scrum
6 3645 (9.79%) Analytics
7 3503 (9.41%) Software Engineering
8 3081 (8.27%) ETL
9 3072 (8.25%) SDLC
10 3017 (8.10%) Test Automation
11 2910 (7.81%) OO
12 2659 (7.14%) Web Development
13 2453 (6.59%) Continuous Integration
14 2108 (5.66%) ITIL
15 2024 (5.43%) Data Modelling
16 2013 (5.40%) DevOps
17 1957 (5.25%) Mentoring
18 1865 (5.01%) Unit Testing
19 1653 (4.44%) Mathematics
20 1600 (4.30%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 11677 (31.35%) C#
2 9543 (25.62%) JavaScript
3 7665 (20.58%) Java
4 5874 (15.77%) T-SQL
5 4064 (10.91%) Python
6 2376 (6.38%) PL/SQL
7 1821 (4.89%) C++
8 1747 (4.69%) PHP
9 1688 (4.53%) PowerShell
10 1177 (3.16%) VB.NET
11 1134 (3.04%) R
12 1094 (2.94%) C
13 989 (2.66%) VBA
14 956 (2.57%) Ruby
15 940 (2.52%) Shell Script
16 895 (2.40%) VB
17 870 (2.34%) Perl
18 723 (1.94%) Bash Shell
19 659 (1.77%) Scala
20 405 (1.09%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5460 (14.66%) Degree
2 1370 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 803 (2.16%) Microsoft Certification
4 628 (1.69%) Security Cleared
5 446 (1.20%) ISEB
6 402 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 342 (0.92%) SC Cleared
8 329 (0.88%) MCSE
9 292 (0.78%) PhD
10 243 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
11 215 (0.58%) MCSA
12 210 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
13 192 (0.52%) CCNA
14 186 (0.50%) Master's Degree
15 172 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
16 157 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 123 (0.33%) MCP
18 122 (0.33%) MCITP
19 101 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
20 99 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2103 (5.65%) QA
2 768 (2.06%) Data Quality
3 637 (1.71%) SLA
4 183 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 172 (0.46%) PCI DSS
6 152 (0.41%) GDPR
7 90 (0.24%) Basel III
8 89 (0.24%) MiFID
9 88 (0.24%) ISO 9001
10 84 (0.23%) PMO
11 60 (0.16%) GCP
12 48 (0.13%) SEPA
13 42 (0.11%) EMIR
14 35 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 32 (0.086%) COBIT
16 26 (0.070%) GAAP
16 26 (0.070%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 24 (0.064%) Actionable Recommendations
17 24 (0.064%) HL7
18 22 (0.059%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1750 (4.70%) Active Directory
2 973 (2.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 965 (2.59%) Docker
4 496 (1.33%) Hyper-V
5 283 (0.76%) vSphere
6 280 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
7 226 (0.61%) XenApp
8 122 (0.33%) XenDesktop
9 114 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
10 111 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
11 79 (0.21%) HDFS
12 70 (0.19%) Xen
13 68 (0.18%) Apache Flume
13 68 (0.18%) XenServer
14 65 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
15 57 (0.15%) KVM
15 57 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
16 55 (0.15%) Terminal Services
17 50 (0.13%) VirtualBox
18 48 (0.13%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 693 (1.86%) Puppet
2 655 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
3 477 (1.28%) Ansible
4 436 (1.17%) SCCM
5 248 (0.67%) Kubernetes
6 218 (0.59%) SCOM
7 190 (0.51%) Nagios
8 159 (0.43%) Terraform
9 132 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
10 118 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
11 114 (0.31%) Backup Exec
12 111 (0.30%) Tivoli
13 105 (0.28%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 92 (0.25%) Data Guard
15 91 (0.24%) WSUS
16 88 (0.24%) Kibana
17 80 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
18 79 (0.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
19 75 (0.20%) Cobbler
20 73 (0.20%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 9165 (24.61%) Microsoft
2 6026 (16.18%) Oracle
3 1583 (4.25%) VMware
4 1567 (4.21%) Tableau
5 1249 (3.35%) SAP
6 765 (2.05%) Google
7 635 (1.70%) Cisco
8 610 (1.64%) Citrix
9 559 (1.50%) IBM
10 551 (1.48%) Cognos
11 531 (1.43%) HP
12 509 (1.37%) Sybase
13 372 (1.00%) Informatica
14 323 (0.87%) Splunk
15 318 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
16 297 (0.80%) Red Hat
17 264 (0.71%) Adobe
18 241 (0.65%) Xamarin
19 220 (0.59%) TIBCO
20 212 (0.57%) MicroStrategy