Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36024 38833 47402
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.67% 20.47% 21.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.37% 38.83% 42.05%
Number of salaries quoted 30035 33869 41036
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.25% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96392 100010 112737
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.31% 52.73% 51.56%
Number of salaries quoted 79021 86241 96301
UK median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +2.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 33770 £45,000 - 1795
UK excluding London 0 21106 £40,500 +1.25% 1213
London 0 14359 £55,000 - 659
South East 0 6280 £42,500 - 330
North of England 0 5436 £40,000 - 364
Midlands 0 3317 £40,000 +6.67% 206
North West 0 2912 £40,000 - 185
Yorkshire 0 2288 £42,500 +6.25% 159
East of England -1 2206 £42,500 - 123
West Midlands -1 2197 £40,000 +6.67% 100
South West 0 2125 £40,000 - 110
Scotland +1 1335 £40,000 - 57
East Midlands +1 1114 £37,500 -6.25% 106
Wales -2 360 £37,500 +4.17% 18
North East +3 231 £40,000 +6.67% 20
Northern Ireland -1 111 £35,500 -11.25% 3
Isle of Man -5 13 £50,000 +11.11% 1
Channel Islands -1 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12560 (34.87%) SQL Server
2 11259 (31.25%) Agile Software Development
3 11179 (31.03%) C#
4 11050 (30.67%) .NET
5 9513 (26.41%) Finance
6 9173 (25.46%) JavaScript
7 8968 (24.89%) Microsoft
8 7766 (21.56%) HTML
9 7628 (21.17%) Java
10 6366 (17.67%) CSS
11 6058 (16.82%) Oracle
12 5853 (16.25%) MVC
13 5798 (16.09%) T-SQL
14 5790 (16.07%) ASP.NET
15 5725 (15.89%) Business Intelligence
16 5633 (15.64%) Windows
17 5332 (14.80%) Degree
18 4313 (11.97%) Linux
19 4244 (11.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 4198 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
21 4161 (11.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
22 3837 (10.65%) Python
23 3760 (10.44%) Web Services
24 3737 (10.37%) TDD
25 3732 (10.36%) Scrum
26 3585 (9.95%) XML
27 3582 (9.94%) AngularJS
28 3527 (9.79%) Analytics
29 3483 (9.67%) jQuery
30 3341 (9.27%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1549 (4.30%) IIS
2 1409 (3.91%) SharePoint
3 1005 (2.79%) SAS
4 960 (2.66%) Tomcat
5 889 (2.47%) Apache
6 742 (2.06%) Apache Spark
7 713 (1.98%) MS Exchange
8 628 (1.74%) CMS
9 619 (1.72%) JBoss
10 501 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
11 471 (1.31%) Confluence
12 397 (1.10%) WebSphere
13 344 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2010
14 337 (0.94%) WebLogic
15 303 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 251 (0.70%) Exchange Server 2013
17 249 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
18 203 (0.56%) Skype for Business
19 200 (0.56%) Umbraco
20 195 (0.54%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2295 (6.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 1210 (3.36%) Microsoft Office
3 365 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 315 (0.87%) MS Visio
5 233 (0.65%) SPSS
6 126 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 82 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 70 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 39 (0.11%) FileZilla
10 37 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
11 20 (0.056%) InfoPath
12 12 (0.033%) S-PLUS
12 12 (0.033%) SPSS Modeler
13 9 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 9 (0.025%) Stata
14 7 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
15 4 (0.011%) Acrobat
15 4 (0.011%) CINEMA 4D
15 4 (0.011%) GIMP
15 4 (0.011%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 590 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 291 (0.81%) Dynamics AX
3 246 (0.68%) Dynamics NAV
4 224 (0.62%) Oracle EBS
5 156 (0.43%) Oracle EBS R12
6 100 (0.28%) Actimize
7 93 (0.26%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 88 (0.24%) ION MarketView
9 68 (0.19%) Magento
10 66 (0.18%) Markit EDM
11 65 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
12 64 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
13 61 (0.17%) Oracle 11i
14 60 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
15 58 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
16 57 (0.16%) SAP Business One
17 52 (0.14%) NetSuite
18 51 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
19 49 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
19 49 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 3301 (9.16%) Microsoft Azure
2 2423 (6.73%) Amazon AWS
3 930 (2.58%) SaaS
4 730 (2.03%) Office 365
5 568 (1.58%) GitHub
6 318 (0.88%) PaaS
7 286 (0.79%) Google Cloud Platform
8 284 (0.79%) IaaS
9 267 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
10 185 (0.51%) Google Analytics
11 165 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
12 148 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
13 122 (0.34%) npm
14 109 (0.30%) Serverless
15 104 (0.29%) Amazon S3
15 104 (0.29%) Azure Data Factory
16 93 (0.26%) Azure Machine Learning
17 87 (0.24%) Azure Active Directory
18 72 (0.20%) Amazon SQS
19 67 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 831 (2.31%) Firewall
2 721 (2.00%) DNS
3 695 (1.93%) TCP/IP
4 631 (1.75%) Internet
5 594 (1.65%) HTTP
6 538 (1.49%) SAN
7 410 (1.14%) DHCP
8 348 (0.97%) WAN
9 335 (0.93%) LAN
10 304 (0.84%) VPN
11 286 (0.79%) SSL
12 208 (0.58%) FTP
13 178 (0.49%) Intranet
14 177 (0.49%) VoIP
15 150 (0.42%) VLAN
16 146 (0.41%) SMS
17 134 (0.37%) LDAP
17 134 (0.37%) Skype
18 123 (0.34%) Wireless
19 118 (0.33%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12560 (34.87%) SQL Server
2 4244 (11.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4161 (11.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3341 (9.27%) Data Warehouse
5 2748 (7.63%) Relational Database
6 2436 (6.76%) NoSQL
7 2309 (6.41%) MySQL
8 2180 (6.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1747 (4.85%) Big Data
10 1625 (4.51%) SQL Server 2008
11 1413 (3.92%) Oracle Database
12 1396 (3.88%) MongoDB
13 1356 (3.76%) SQL Server 2012
14 1272 (3.53%) Power BI
15 1166 (3.24%) Hadoop
16 982 (2.73%) RDBMS
17 947 (2.63%) SQL Server 2014
18 932 (2.59%) PostgreSQL
19 894 (2.48%) QlikView
20 738 (2.05%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 2772 (7.69%) Git (software)
2 2075 (5.76%) Visual Studio
3 1900 (5.27%) JIRA
4 1580 (4.39%) Team Foundation Server
5 1543 (4.28%) Jenkins
6 1380 (3.83%) Selenium
7 1252 (3.48%) Subversion
8 912 (2.53%) JUnit
9 886 (2.46%) Maven
10 758 (2.10%) TeamCity
11 754 (2.09%) NUnit
12 649 (1.80%) Cucumber
13 405 (1.12%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 397 (1.10%) Eclipse
15 382 (1.06%) WebDriver
16 351 (0.97%) SpecFlow
17 304 (0.84%) Octopus Deploy
18 302 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 292 (0.81%) Oracle Forms
20 259 (0.72%) SoapUI
General
1 9513 (26.41%) Finance
2 3103 (8.61%) Banking
3 1929 (5.35%) Marketing
4 1691 (4.69%) Retail
5 1407 (3.91%) Investment Banking
6 994 (2.76%) Retail Banking
7 936 (2.60%) Telecoms
8 932 (2.59%) Manufacturing
9 931 (2.58%) Front Office
10 711 (1.97%) Advertising
11 647 (1.80%) Legal
12 627 (1.74%) Games
13 570 (1.58%) Electronics
14 477 (1.32%) Back Office
15 402 (1.12%) Financial Institution
16 374 (1.04%) Law
17 350 (0.97%) Publishing
18 216 (0.60%) Automotive
19 140 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
20 117 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 16906 (46.93%) Developer
2 6409 (17.79%) Analyst
3 4864 (13.50%) .NET Developer
4 4391 (12.19%) C# Developer
5 3580 (9.94%) SQL Developer
6 3007 (8.35%) Senior Developer
7 2863 (7.95%) C# .NET Developer
8 2599 (7.21%) Java Developer
9 2249 (6.24%) Software Developer
10 1822 (5.06%) Applications Support
11 1639 (4.55%) Support Analyst
12 1532 (4.25%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1474 (4.09%) DBA
14 1444 (4.01%) Software Engineer
15 1434 (3.98%) SQL Analyst
16 1432 (3.98%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1413 (3.92%) Consultant
18 1301 (3.61%) Junior
19 1299 (3.61%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 1099 (3.05%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11050 (30.67%) .NET
2 7766 (21.56%) HTML
3 6366 (17.67%) CSS
4 5790 (16.07%) ASP.NET
5 3760 (10.44%) Web Services
6 3585 (9.95%) XML
7 3582 (9.94%) AngularJS
8 3483 (9.67%) jQuery
9 2876 (7.98%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2411 (6.69%) .NET Framework
11 2209 (6.13%) HTML5
12 2207 (6.13%) Spring
13 2086 (5.79%) REST
14 1840 (5.11%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1625 (4.51%) SOAP
16 1621 (4.50%) RESTful
17 1599 (4.44%) WCF
18 1386 (3.85%) Hibernate
19 1374 (3.81%) JSON
20 1258 (3.49%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 4198 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
2 3026 (8.40%) Computer Science
3 1349 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
4 1031 (2.86%) User Experience
5 988 (2.74%) Fintech
6 980 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
7 788 (2.19%) Management Information System
8 747 (2.07%) Algorithms
9 699 (1.94%) Mobile App
10 658 (1.83%) Data Structures
11 591 (1.64%) Clustering
12 586 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 562 (1.56%) Equities
14 480 (1.33%) Replication
15 477 (1.32%) Derivative
16 455 (1.26%) Fixed Income
17 400 (1.11%) Hedge funds
18 383 (1.06%) Client/Server
19 382 (1.06%) Data Centre
20 371 (1.03%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 5633 (15.64%) Windows
2 4313 (11.97%) Linux
3 2825 (7.84%) Unix
4 2084 (5.79%) Windows Server
5 800 (2.22%) Windows Server 2008
6 792 (2.20%) Windows Server 2012
7 634 (1.76%) Android
8 502 (1.39%) Apple iOS
9 489 (1.36%) Windows 7
10 321 (0.89%) Windows 10
11 254 (0.71%) Windows Server 2003
12 228 (0.63%) Solaris
13 226 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 164 (0.46%) Windows 8
15 117 (0.32%) Ubuntu
16 116 (0.32%) CentOS
17 103 (0.29%) AIX
18 59 (0.16%) Mac OS X
19 57 (0.16%) Mac OS
20 49 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 11259 (31.25%) Agile Software Development
2 5853 (16.25%) MVC
3 5725 (15.89%) Business Intelligence
4 3737 (10.37%) TDD
5 3732 (10.36%) Scrum
6 3527 (9.79%) Analytics
7 3300 (9.16%) Software Engineering
8 3038 (8.43%) SDLC
9 3032 (8.42%) ETL
10 2912 (8.08%) Test Automation
11 2847 (7.90%) OO
12 2550 (7.08%) Web Development
13 2424 (6.73%) Continuous Integration
14 2116 (5.87%) ITIL
15 1996 (5.54%) Data Modelling
16 1935 (5.37%) Mentoring
17 1912 (5.31%) DevOps
18 1847 (5.13%) Unit Testing
19 1584 (4.40%) CRM
20 1503 (4.17%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11179 (31.03%) C#
2 9173 (25.46%) JavaScript
3 7628 (21.17%) Java
4 5798 (16.09%) T-SQL
5 3837 (10.65%) Python
6 2389 (6.63%) PL/SQL
7 1798 (4.99%) C++
8 1680 (4.66%) PHP
9 1643 (4.56%) PowerShell
10 1173 (3.26%) VB.NET
11 1077 (2.99%) R
12 1001 (2.78%) C
13 975 (2.71%) VBA
14 962 (2.67%) Shell Script
15 933 (2.59%) Ruby
16 907 (2.52%) VB
17 852 (2.37%) Perl
18 672 (1.87%) Bash Shell
19 618 (1.72%) Scala
20 394 (1.09%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5332 (14.80%) Degree
2 1343 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 804 (2.23%) Microsoft Certification
4 637 (1.77%) Security Cleared
5 456 (1.27%) ISEB
6 404 (1.12%) ISTQB
7 336 (0.93%) MCSE
8 331 (0.92%) SC Cleared
9 297 (0.82%) PhD
10 239 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
11 225 (0.62%) MCSA
12 197 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
13 182 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 181 (0.50%) CCNA
15 179 (0.50%) Master's Degree
16 150 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 142 (0.39%) MCP
18 130 (0.36%) MCITP
19 111 (0.31%) DV Cleared
20 106 (0.29%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1983 (5.50%) QA
2 750 (2.08%) Data Quality
3 647 (1.80%) SLA
4 173 (0.48%) PCI DSS
5 171 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 130 (0.36%) GDPR
7 95 (0.26%) Basel III
8 93 (0.26%) ISO 9001
8 93 (0.26%) MiFID
9 75 (0.21%) PMO
10 57 (0.16%) SEPA
11 43 (0.12%) GCP
12 38 (0.11%) EMIR
13 36 (0.100%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 35 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 26 (0.072%) Actionable Recommendations
15 26 (0.072%) COBIT
15 26 (0.072%) GAAP
16 20 (0.056%) ISO 20022
17 19 (0.053%) HL7
System Software
1 1788 (4.96%) Active Directory
2 949 (2.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 843 (2.34%) Docker
4 517 (1.44%) Hyper-V
5 305 (0.85%) vSphere
6 286 (0.79%) VMware ESXi
7 208 (0.58%) XenApp
8 115 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
9 107 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
10 104 (0.29%) XenDesktop
11 91 (0.25%) XenServer
12 88 (0.24%) Xen
13 77 (0.21%) HDFS
14 74 (0.21%) Apache Flume
15 69 (0.19%) Terminal Services
16 64 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
17 63 (0.17%) KVM
18 58 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
19 46 (0.13%) Firmware
20 45 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 684 (1.90%) Puppet
2 624 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
3 462 (1.28%) Ansible
4 429 (1.19%) SCCM
5 232 (0.64%) SCOM
6 206 (0.57%) Kubernetes
7 192 (0.53%) Nagios
8 147 (0.41%) Terraform
9 129 (0.36%) Backup Exec
10 125 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
11 118 (0.33%) Tivoli
12 104 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
13 99 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 99 (0.27%) WSUS
14 84 (0.23%) Opsview
14 84 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 82 (0.23%) Control-M
16 81 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
17 79 (0.22%) Data Guard
18 77 (0.21%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 8968 (24.89%) Microsoft
2 6058 (16.82%) Oracle
3 1572 (4.36%) VMware
4 1540 (4.27%) Tableau
5 1260 (3.50%) SAP
6 662 (1.84%) Cisco
7 643 (1.78%) Google
8 610 (1.69%) Citrix
9 604 (1.68%) IBM
10 545 (1.51%) Cognos
11 532 (1.48%) Sybase
12 529 (1.47%) HP
13 346 (0.96%) Informatica
14 335 (0.93%) Splunk
15 300 (0.83%) Red Hat
16 293 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
17 258 (0.72%) Adobe
18 249 (0.69%) TIBCO
19 230 (0.64%) Xamarin
20 226 (0.63%) NetApp