Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 12,326 23,060 29,894
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.88% 18.47% 19.95%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.62% 34.13% 36.34%
Number of salaries quoted 12,429 20,570 26,441
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,790 67,558 82,260
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 57.89% 54.12% 54.91%
Number of salaries quoted 31,867 56,230 68,750
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11,050 £52,500 +5.00% 2,122
UK excluding London -2 7,201 £47,500 +9.20% 1,576
London -4 4,524 £65,000 +4.00% 707
Work from Home +4 2,154 £50,000 - 486
North of England 0 2,084 £47,500 +11.76% 488
South East -2 1,843 £50,000 +11.11% 317
Midlands -1 1,218 £45,000 +5.88% 320
North West 0 1,084 £47,500 +5.56% 267
Yorkshire -1 839 £47,500 +11.76% 169
South West -1 820 £45,000 +8.43% 156
West Midlands -1 728 £45,000 - 196
Scotland -2 493 £47,500 +5.56% 88
East Midlands +4 487 £45,000 +12.50% 123
East of England -2 430 £45,000 -5.26% 129
Wales +2 239 £45,000 +7.39% 39
North East +2 160 £47,500 +14.46% 52
Northern Ireland +1 78 £42,500 +13.33% 37
Isle of Man +2 20 £49,500 +2.59% 1
Channel Islands +3 1 £40,000 -33.33% 1

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,975 (32.25%) Azure
2 3,811 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
3 3,751 (30.43%) C#
4 3,364 (27.29%) .NET
5 3,278 (26.59%) JavaScript
6 3,147 (25.53%) SQL Server
7 2,894 (23.48%) Python
8 2,771 (22.48%) Microsoft
9 2,564 (20.80%) Finance
10 2,397 (19.45%) Java
11 2,354 (19.10%) DevOps
12 2,206 (17.90%) AWS
13 2,048 (16.62%) Business Intelligence
14 1,894 (15.37%) HTML
15 1,795 (14.56%) CSS
16 1,655 (13.43%) Analytics
17 1,597 (12.96%) Software Engineering
18 1,517 (12.31%) Degree
19 1,461 (11.85%) Windows
20 1,443 (11.71%) Git (software)
21 1,381 (11.20%) AngularJS
22 1,371 (11.12%) Power Platform
23 1,348 (10.94%) MVC
24 1,346 (10.92%) .NET Core
25 1,340 (10.87%) T-SQL
26 1,327 (10.77%) Oracle
27 1,294 (10.50%) Analytical Skills
28 1,288 (10.45%) Microservices
29 1,271 (10.31%) Docker
30 1,268 (10.29%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 493 (4.00%) SharePoint
2 388 (3.15%) Apache Spark
3 306 (2.48%) Apache
4 295 (2.39%) IIS
5 251 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
6 234 (1.90%) Confluence
7 188 (1.53%) SAS
8 142 (1.15%) CMS
9 117 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
10 92 (0.75%) MS Exchange
11 86 (0.70%) nginx
12 69 (0.56%) Tomcat
13 66 (0.54%) WebSphere
14 50 (0.41%) NServiceBus
15 49 (0.40%) WebLogic
16 44 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 42 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
18 34 (0.28%) Luigi
19 33 (0.27%) Umbraco
20 32 (0.26%) JBoss
Applications
1 575 (4.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 286 (2.32%) Microsoft Office
3 66 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 55 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 33 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 26 (0.21%) SPSS
7 16 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.097%) InVision
8 12 (0.097%) Sketch
9 11 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.041%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.041%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.041%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.032%) Gliffy
12 3 (0.024%) Acrobat
12 3 (0.024%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.024%) SPSS Modeler
13 2 (0.016%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.016%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.016%) Stata
Business Applications
1 253 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 62 (0.50%) Markit EDM
3 56 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
3 56 (0.45%) Eagle PACE
4 50 (0.41%) NetSuite
5 44 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
6 30 (0.24%) SAP Business One
7 27 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
7 27 (0.22%) PolarLake
8 25 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
9 21 (0.17%) Magento
10 20 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 17 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
11 17 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
12 16 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
13 15 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
13 15 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
14 14 (0.11%) Elite 3E
15 13 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
15 13 (0.11%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 3,975 (32.25%) Azure
2 2,206 (17.90%) AWS
3 1,371 (11.12%) Power Platform
4 652 (5.29%) GCP
5 545 (4.42%) Serverless
6 500 (4.06%) SaaS
7 456 (3.70%) Office 365
8 412 (3.34%) PaaS
9 358 (2.90%) Azure Data Factory
10 306 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
11 285 (2.31%) IaaS
12 254 (2.06%) Amazon S3
13 251 (2.04%) Dynamics 365
14 242 (1.96%) Azure Active Directory
15 205 (1.66%) GitHub
16 203 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
17 166 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
18 119 (0.97%) Azure Functions
19 100 (0.81%) Logic Apps
20 94 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 255 (2.07%) Firewall
2 183 (1.48%) DNS
3 141 (1.14%) HTTP
3 141 (1.14%) TCP/IP
4 120 (0.97%) VPN
5 114 (0.92%) DHCP
6 111 (0.90%) SAN
7 109 (0.88%) WAN
8 92 (0.75%) Internet
9 89 (0.72%) LAN
10 87 (0.71%) Skype
11 72 (0.58%) VoIP
12 57 (0.46%) Network Security
13 43 (0.35%) Remote Desktop
14 40 (0.32%) VLAN
15 34 (0.28%) SSH
15 34 (0.28%) Wireless
16 30 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
17 27 (0.22%) NAS
18 26 (0.21%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,147 (25.53%) SQL Server
2 1,268 (10.29%) Data Warehouse
3 1,253 (10.17%) Power BI
4 1,205 (9.78%) NoSQL
5 1,092 (8.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,065 (8.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 818 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
8 758 (6.15%) Relational Database
9 718 (5.83%) MySQL
10 654 (5.31%) Azure SQL Database
11 608 (4.93%) Big Data
12 599 (4.86%) Tableau
13 490 (3.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 441 (3.58%) MongoDB
15 388 (3.15%) Data Lake
16 341 (2.77%) Hadoop
17 311 (2.52%) Amazon Redshift
18 286 (2.32%) Redis
19 251 (2.04%) Oracle Database
20 198 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,443 (11.71%) Git (software)
2 703 (5.70%) Jenkins
3 653 (5.30%) JIRA
4 446 (3.62%) Selenium
5 382 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
6 372 (3.02%) Visual Studio
7 221 (1.79%) Subversion
8 207 (1.68%) Maven
9 198 (1.61%) JUnit
10 185 (1.50%) TeamCity
11 171 (1.39%) Bitbucket
12 157 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
13 156 (1.27%) Cucumber
14 144 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
15 135 (1.10%) Gradle
16 128 (1.04%) GitLab
17 122 (0.99%) SpecFlow
18 119 (0.97%) NUnit
19 116 (0.94%) Artifactory
20 105 (0.85%) Mercurial
General
1 2,564 (20.80%) Finance
2 514 (4.17%) Banking
3 417 (3.38%) Marketing
4 381 (3.09%) Public Sector
5 363 (2.94%) Retail
6 352 (2.86%) Front Office
7 271 (2.20%) Back Office
8 227 (1.84%) Law
9 212 (1.72%) Manufacturing
10 162 (1.31%) Games
11 154 (1.25%) Telecoms
12 137 (1.11%) Legal
13 131 (1.06%) Advertising
14 90 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 90 (0.73%) Investment Banking
15 60 (0.49%) Electronics
16 50 (0.41%) Aerospace
17 44 (0.36%) Private Banking
18 42 (0.34%) Billing
19 40 (0.32%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,394 (43.76%) Developer
2 1,661 (13.48%) Analyst
3 1,214 (9.85%) .NET Developer
4 1,142 (9.26%) Senior Developer
5 963 (7.81%) C# Developer
6 863 (7.00%) Software Engineer
7 816 (6.62%) Software Developer
8 712 (5.78%) Data Engineer
9 658 (5.34%) SQL Developer
10 633 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
11 587 (4.76%) Java Developer
12 521 (4.23%) C# .NET Developer
13 479 (3.89%) Applications Support
14 457 (3.71%) Azure Engineer
14 457 (3.71%) Data Analyst
15 410 (3.33%) Architect
16 392 (3.18%) Python Developer
17 380 (3.08%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 346 (2.81%) Consultant
19 337 (2.73%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,364 (27.29%) .NET
2 1,894 (15.37%) HTML
3 1,795 (14.56%) CSS
4 1,381 (11.20%) AngularJS
5 1,346 (10.92%) .NET Core
6 1,231 (9.99%) React
7 1,192 (9.67%) ASP.NET
8 1,044 (8.47%) Web Services
9 847 (6.87%) .NET Framework
10 825 (6.69%) REST
11 638 (5.18%) jQuery
12 610 (4.95%) XML
13 608 (4.93%) Node.js
14 601 (4.88%) ASP.NET Web API
15 594 (4.82%) RESTful
16 584 (4.74%) Spring
17 528 (4.28%) Vue.js
18 520 (4.22%) HTML5
19 467 (3.79%) Entity Framework
20 465 (3.77%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,294 (10.50%) Analytical Skills
2 497 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
3 408 (3.31%) Hedge funds
4 333 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
5 312 (2.53%) Data Structures
6 311 (2.52%) Algorithms
7 304 (2.47%) Mobile App
8 294 (2.39%) Management Information System
9 291 (2.36%) Equities
10 265 (2.15%) Fixed Income
11 250 (2.03%) User Experience
12 233 (1.89%) Derivative
13 199 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
14 175 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 145 (1.18%) Data Centre
16 133 (1.08%) Clustering
17 131 (1.06%) N-Tier
18 127 (1.03%) Replication
19 98 (0.80%) Public Cloud
20 96 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,461 (11.85%) Windows
2 1,212 (9.83%) Linux
3 526 (4.27%) Windows Server
4 448 (3.63%) Unix
5 132 (1.07%) Android
5 132 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
6 128 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 114 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
8 100 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 93 (0.75%) Windows 10
10 72 (0.58%) CentOS
11 69 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
12 57 (0.46%) Ubuntu
13 41 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
14 36 (0.29%) Windows 7
15 33 (0.27%) Solaris
16 24 (0.19%) AIX
17 18 (0.15%) Debian
18 17 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
19 16 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,811 (30.92%) Agile Software Development
2 2,354 (19.10%) DevOps
3 2,048 (16.62%) Business Intelligence
4 1,655 (13.43%) Analytics
5 1,597 (12.96%) Software Engineering
6 1,348 (10.94%) MVC
7 1,288 (10.45%) Microservices
8 1,223 (9.92%) Problem-Solving
9 1,200 (9.74%) TDD
10 1,191 (9.66%) Scrum
11 1,178 (9.56%) ETL
12 1,113 (9.03%) Test Automation
13 918 (7.45%) Continuous Integration
14 875 (7.10%) OO
15 866 (7.03%) Computer Science
16 828 (6.72%) Data Modelling
17 824 (6.69%) Mentoring
18 775 (6.29%) Visualisation
19 742 (6.02%) SDLC
20 732 (5.94%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 3,751 (30.43%) C#
2 3,278 (26.59%) JavaScript
3 2,894 (23.48%) Python
4 2,397 (19.45%) Java
5 1,340 (10.87%) T-SQL
6 781 (6.34%) PowerShell
7 643 (5.22%) TypeScript
8 586 (4.75%) PHP
9 482 (3.91%) C++
10 472 (3.83%) PL/SQL
11 425 (3.45%) R
12 274 (2.22%) Scala
13 261 (2.12%) C
14 251 (2.04%) Bash Shell
15 236 (1.91%) Go
16 222 (1.80%) VB.NET
17 188 (1.53%) Shell Script
18 187 (1.52%) VBA
19 183 (1.48%) VB
20 181 (1.47%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,517 (12.31%) Degree
2 418 (3.39%) Security Cleared
3 389 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
4 330 (2.68%) SC Cleared
5 187 (1.52%) Microsoft Certification
6 153 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
7 90 (0.73%) PhD
8 86 (0.70%) ISTQB
9 84 (0.68%) MCSE
10 73 (0.59%) DV Cleared
11 65 (0.53%) CCNA
11 65 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
12 57 (0.46%) ISEB
13 48 (0.39%) MCSA
14 45 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
15 42 (0.34%) Master's Degree
16 40 (0.32%) AWS Certification
16 40 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
17 38 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
18 31 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 602 (4.88%) QA
2 313 (2.54%) Data Quality
3 166 (1.35%) SLA
4 123 (1.00%) GDPR
5 60 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.17%) NIST
8 11 (0.089%) Good Clinical Practice
8 11 (0.089%) PMO
9 10 (0.081%) CDISC
10 9 (0.073%) COBIT
11 8 (0.065%) GPG13
11 8 (0.065%) IFRS
11 8 (0.065%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.057%) GAMP
12 7 (0.057%) MiFID
12 7 (0.057%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.049%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 6 (0.049%) EMIR
13 6 (0.049%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,271 (10.31%) Docker
2 619 (5.02%) Active Directory
3 287 (2.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 197 (1.60%) Hyper-V
5 58 (0.47%) HDFS
6 45 (0.37%) XenApp
7 42 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 42 (0.34%) vSphere
8 41 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
9 33 (0.27%) XenDesktop
10 29 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
11 25 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
12 22 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
13 19 (0.15%) Firmware
14 14 (0.11%) Postfix
14 14 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 11 (0.089%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 9 (0.073%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 8 (0.065%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 8 (0.065%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 1,006 (8.16%) Kubernetes
2 611 (4.96%) Terraform
3 400 (3.25%) Ansible
4 198 (1.61%) Puppet
5 158 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
6 142 (1.15%) SCCM
7 114 (0.92%) Grafana
8 105 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
9 82 (0.67%) Prometheus
10 47 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
11 35 (0.28%) Packer
12 34 (0.28%) SCOM
13 31 (0.25%) WSUS
14 27 (0.22%) MIIS
14 27 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
15 26 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
16 22 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
16 22 (0.18%) Kibana
16 22 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
17 20 (0.16%) Graphite
Vendors
1 2,771 (22.48%) Microsoft
2 1,327 (10.77%) Oracle
3 475 (3.85%) Google
4 455 (3.69%) VMware
5 265 (2.15%) Databricks
6 205 (1.66%) SAP
7 193 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
8 158 (1.28%) IBM
9 145 (1.18%) Citrix
10 139 (1.13%) Cisco
11 128 (1.04%) Atlassian
11 128 (1.04%) EnterpriseDB
12 127 (1.03%) Talend
13 120 (0.97%) Red Hat
14 112 (0.91%) Informatica
14 112 (0.91%) ServiceNow
15 109 (0.88%) Splunk
16 106 (0.86%) Bloomberg
17 84 (0.68%) Cloudera
18 83 (0.67%) Xamarin