Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 26,545 34,920 36,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.75% 20.82% 20.75%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.07% 37.38% 37.49%
Number of salaries quoted 22,259 29,315 30,544
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,500 £29,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 75,698 93,424 97,637
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.46% 55.69% 55.36%
Number of salaries quoted 61,854 77,663 80,193
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 24,528 £50,000 +2.56% 4,112
UK excluding London 0 15,466 £42,500 - 3,089
London 0 10,532 £60,000 - 1,326
South East 0 4,888 £45,000 - 813
North of England -1 3,638 £42,500 - 809
Midlands 0 2,431 £42,000 +2.44% 513
North West 0 1,795 £42,500 - 451
South West 0 1,763 £41,625 +4.06% 351
Yorkshire 0 1,586 £42,500 - 286
West Midlands 0 1,497 £42,500 +2.41% 313
East of England -1 1,220 £45,000 - 303
Scotland 0 1,111 £45,000 - 197
East Midlands -1 925 £40,000 - 200
Wales -3 332 £42,250 +5.63% 82
North East +3 258 £40,810 -3.98% 72
Northern Ireland +1 92 £36,500 -2.67% 22
Channel Islands +8 9 £47,500 +5.56% 2
Isle of Man +2 6 £45,000 +12.50%

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 8,748 (32.96%) C#
2 8,687 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
3 8,274 (31.17%) SQL Server
4 7,910 (29.80%) .NET
5 6,183 (23.29%) Microsoft
6 6,122 (23.06%) JavaScript
7 5,868 (22.11%) Finance
8 5,558 (20.94%) Azure
9 5,119 (19.28%) Java
10 4,531 (17.07%) Business Intelligence
11 4,324 (16.29%) Python
12 4,019 (15.14%) HTML
13 3,731 (14.06%) ASP.NET
14 3,631 (13.68%) T-SQL
15 3,599 (13.56%) Oracle
16 3,540 (13.34%) Windows
17 3,463 (13.05%) AWS
18 3,421 (12.89%) CSS
19 3,415 (12.86%) MVC
20 3,357 (12.65%) Degree
21 3,252 (12.25%) Problem-Solving
22 3,133 (11.80%) Analytics
23 2,979 (11.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 2,935 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
25 2,889 (10.88%) Software Engineering
26 2,875 (10.83%) DevOps
27 2,862 (10.78%) Linux
28 2,854 (10.75%) Git (software)
29 2,853 (10.75%) Data Warehouse
30 2,794 (10.53%) ETL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,056 (3.98%) SharePoint
2 872 (3.28%) Apache Spark
3 830 (3.13%) IIS
4 474 (1.79%) Apache
5 428 (1.61%) SAS
6 409 (1.54%) Tomcat
7 399 (1.50%) Confluence
8 383 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
9 295 (1.11%) MS Exchange
10 277 (1.04%) CMS
11 211 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
12 206 (0.78%) JBoss
13 172 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
14 171 (0.64%) WebSphere
15 161 (0.61%) Umbraco
16 151 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 138 (0.52%) WebLogic
18 120 (0.45%) Apache Solr
19 110 (0.41%) WordPress
20 108 (0.41%) nginx
Applications
1 1,416 (5.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 838 (3.16%) Microsoft Office
3 157 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 103 (0.39%) SPSS
5 94 (0.35%) MS Visio
6 93 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 37 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
8 36 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 25 (0.094%) Photoshop
10 22 (0.083%) Stata
11 16 (0.060%) InfoPath
11 16 (0.060%) S-PLUS
12 13 (0.049%) Sketch
13 9 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
13 9 (0.034%) Zeplin
14 8 (0.030%) AutoCAD
15 7 (0.026%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 7 (0.026%) SPSS Modeler
16 6 (0.023%) FileZilla
16 6 (0.023%) InVision
Business Applications
1 405 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 189 (0.71%) thinkFolio
3 173 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
4 164 (0.62%) Markit EDM
5 136 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
6 128 (0.48%) Front Arena
7 113 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
8 106 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
9 98 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
10 89 (0.34%) NetSuite
11 82 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
12 74 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
13 72 (0.27%) Magento
14 67 (0.25%) SAP Business One
15 52 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
16 50 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
16 50 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
17 47 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
18 43 (0.16%) Dynamics GP
18 43 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 5,558 (20.94%) Azure
2 3,463 (13.05%) AWS
3 2,334 (8.79%) Power Platform
4 1,003 (3.78%) Office 365
5 929 (3.50%) SaaS
6 814 (3.07%) GCP
7 475 (1.79%) PaaS
8 412 (1.55%) Serverless
9 368 (1.39%) GitHub
10 349 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
11 327 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
12 324 (1.22%) IaaS
13 290 (1.09%) Dynamics 365
14 254 (0.96%) Amazon S3
15 234 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
16 220 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
17 148 (0.56%) Azure Functions
18 138 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
19 137 (0.52%) Google Analytics
20 127 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 605 (2.28%) Firewall
2 530 (2.00%) DNS
3 468 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 344 (1.30%) DHCP
5 329 (1.24%) Internet
6 315 (1.19%) SAN
7 312 (1.18%) WAN
8 306 (1.15%) HTTP
9 267 (1.01%) LAN
10 203 (0.76%) VPN
11 183 (0.69%) VoIP
12 150 (0.57%) Skype
13 129 (0.49%) SSL
14 128 (0.48%) VLAN
15 109 (0.41%) Network Security
16 102 (0.38%) FTP
17 101 (0.38%) Wireless
18 90 (0.34%) NetScaler
19 87 (0.33%) NAS
20 80 (0.30%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,274 (31.17%) SQL Server
2 2,979 (11.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,853 (10.75%) Data Warehouse
4 2,725 (10.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 2,285 (8.61%) Power BI
6 2,094 (7.89%) Relational Database
7 1,872 (7.05%) NoSQL
8 1,602 (6.04%) Big Data
9 1,541 (5.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,452 (5.47%) MySQL
11 1,160 (4.37%) PostgreSQL
12 978 (3.68%) Hadoop
13 864 (3.25%) MongoDB
14 788 (2.97%) Azure SQL Database
15 759 (2.86%) RDBMS
16 711 (2.68%) SQL Server 2012
17 664 (2.50%) Oracle Database
18 555 (2.09%) QlikView
19 549 (2.07%) SQL Server 2008
20 544 (2.05%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,854 (10.75%) Git (software)
2 1,500 (5.65%) JIRA
3 1,361 (5.13%) Jenkins
4 1,284 (4.84%) Visual Studio
5 1,035 (3.90%) Selenium
6 1,013 (3.82%) Team Foundation Server
7 526 (1.98%) Subversion
8 503 (1.89%) TeamCity
9 481 (1.81%) Cucumber
10 448 (1.69%) Maven
11 370 (1.39%) Visual Studio Team System
12 347 (1.31%) SpecFlow
13 340 (1.28%) JUnit
14 295 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
15 289 (1.09%) SoapUI
16 269 (1.01%) NUnit
17 265 (1.00%) WebDriver
18 259 (0.98%) Bitbucket
19 238 (0.90%) Oracle Forms
20 191 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 5,868 (22.11%) Finance
2 1,390 (5.24%) Banking
3 1,323 (4.98%) Retail
4 1,245 (4.69%) Marketing
5 588 (2.22%) Public Sector
6 584 (2.20%) Manufacturing
7 580 (2.18%) Front Office
8 514 (1.94%) Telecoms
9 481 (1.81%) Games
10 323 (1.22%) Legal
11 312 (1.18%) Law
12 269 (1.01%) Investment Banking
13 263 (0.99%) Back Office
14 244 (0.92%) Advertising
15 206 (0.78%) Financial Institution
16 204 (0.77%) Electronics
17 129 (0.49%) German Language
18 127 (0.48%) French Language
19 122 (0.46%) Automotive
20 116 (0.44%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 11,765 (44.32%) Developer
2 4,263 (16.06%) Analyst
3 2,890 (10.89%) .NET Developer
4 2,694 (10.15%) C# Developer
5 1,989 (7.49%) SQL Developer
6 1,933 (7.28%) Software Developer
7 1,904 (7.17%) Senior Developer
8 1,562 (5.88%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,542 (5.81%) Java Developer
10 1,262 (4.75%) Software Engineer
11 1,216 (4.58%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 1,186 (4.47%) Applications Support
13 1,057 (3.98%) Support Analyst
14 1,019 (3.84%) Consultant
15 912 (3.44%) Junior
16 893 (3.36%) Data Engineer
17 870 (3.28%) Data Analyst
18 867 (3.27%) DBA
19 782 (2.95%) Architect
20 682 (2.57%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,910 (29.80%) .NET
2 4,019 (15.14%) HTML
3 3,731 (14.06%) ASP.NET
4 3,421 (12.89%) CSS
5 2,508 (9.45%) AngularJS
6 2,296 (8.65%) Web Services
7 1,824 (6.87%) XML
8 1,606 (6.05%) jQuery
9 1,564 (5.89%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,550 (5.84%) .NET Framework
11 1,443 (5.44%) REST
12 1,361 (5.13%) ASP.NET Web API
13 1,358 (5.12%) React
14 1,275 (4.80%) Spring
15 1,258 (4.74%) RESTful
16 1,219 (4.59%) .NET Core
17 1,021 (3.85%) SOAP
18 997 (3.76%) JSON
19 973 (3.67%) HTML5
20 818 (3.08%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 2,935 (11.06%) Analytical Skills
2 1,017 (3.83%) Greenfield Project
3 808 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
4 781 (2.94%) Management Information System
5 631 (2.38%) Algorithms
6 624 (2.35%) User Experience
7 622 (2.34%) Mobile App
8 549 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
9 529 (1.99%) Hedge funds
10 476 (1.79%) Data Structures
11 474 (1.79%) Fixed Income
12 420 (1.58%) Equities
13 398 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 390 (1.47%) Derivative
15 353 (1.33%) Data Centre
16 332 (1.25%) Clustering
17 325 (1.22%) Replication
18 221 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
19 213 (0.80%) Public Cloud
20 181 (0.68%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 3,540 (13.34%) Windows
2 2,862 (10.78%) Linux
3 1,474 (5.55%) Unix
4 1,334 (5.03%) Windows Server
5 423 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
6 387 (1.46%) Android
7 341 (1.28%) Windows Server 2008
8 318 (1.20%) Apple iOS
9 291 (1.10%) Windows 10
10 266 (1.00%) Windows 7
11 138 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 109 (0.41%) CentOS
13 92 (0.35%) Windows 8
14 89 (0.34%) Debian
15 81 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
16 77 (0.29%) Mac OS
17 76 (0.29%) Solaris
18 69 (0.26%) AIX
19 57 (0.21%) Ubuntu
20 33 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,687 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
2 4,531 (17.07%) Business Intelligence
3 3,415 (12.86%) MVC
4 3,252 (12.25%) Problem-Solving
5 3,133 (11.80%) Analytics
6 2,889 (10.88%) Software Engineering
7 2,875 (10.83%) DevOps
8 2,794 (10.53%) ETL
9 2,586 (9.74%) Scrum
10 2,348 (8.85%) Test Automation
11 2,310 (8.70%) TDD
12 1,997 (7.52%) Computer Science
13 1,990 (7.50%) SDLC
14 1,755 (6.61%) Data Modelling
15 1,586 (5.97%) Microservices
16 1,567 (5.90%) Continuous Integration
17 1,552 (5.85%) Mentoring
18 1,474 (5.55%) Visualisation
19 1,437 (5.41%) ITIL
20 1,420 (5.35%) OO
Programming Languages
1 8,748 (32.96%) C#
2 6,122 (23.06%) JavaScript
3 5,119 (19.28%) Java
4 4,324 (16.29%) Python
5 3,631 (13.68%) T-SQL
6 1,619 (6.10%) PowerShell
7 1,306 (4.92%) PL/SQL
8 1,051 (3.96%) R
9 958 (3.61%) PHP
10 942 (3.55%) C++
11 737 (2.78%) VB.NET
12 717 (2.70%) VBA
13 611 (2.30%) Scala
14 587 (2.21%) VB
15 575 (2.17%) C
16 556 (2.09%) TypeScript
17 508 (1.91%) Bash Shell
18 429 (1.62%) Perl
19 420 (1.58%) Java 8
20 392 (1.48%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,357 (12.65%) Degree
2 849 (3.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 587 (2.21%) Security Cleared
4 533 (2.01%) Microsoft Certification
5 350 (1.32%) ISTQB
6 270 (1.02%) SC Cleared
7 231 (0.87%) MCSE
8 218 (0.82%) ISEB
9 209 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
10 190 (0.72%) PhD
11 177 (0.67%) CCNA
12 174 (0.66%) Master's Degree
13 153 (0.58%) DV Cleared
13 153 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
14 144 (0.54%) MCSA
15 131 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 122 (0.46%) MCP
17 114 (0.43%) HND
18 72 (0.27%) CCNP
19 56 (0.21%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,782 (6.71%) QA
2 628 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 465 (1.75%) SLA
4 240 (0.90%) GDPR
5 120 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 63 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 50 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 46 (0.17%) PMO
9 31 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 25 (0.094%) Solvency II
11 23 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
12 22 (0.083%) DICOM
12 22 (0.083%) IFRS
13 21 (0.079%) MiFID
14 17 (0.064%) COBIT
15 15 (0.057%) HL7
16 14 (0.053%) EMIR
16 14 (0.053%) WAI
17 13 (0.049%) NIST
18 12 (0.045%) Basel III
System Software
1 1,538 (5.79%) Docker
2 1,421 (5.35%) Active Directory
3 736 (2.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 645 (2.43%) Hyper-V
5 204 (0.77%) XenApp
6 145 (0.55%) vSphere
7 142 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
8 114 (0.43%) XenDesktop
9 108 (0.41%) HDFS
10 103 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
11 85 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
12 84 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 76 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
14 65 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
14 65 (0.24%) VirtualBox
15 47 (0.18%) Firmware
16 33 (0.12%) Apache Flume
16 33 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
17 32 (0.12%) Terminal Services
18 29 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 926 (3.49%) Kubernetes
2 536 (2.02%) Ansible
3 447 (1.68%) Terraform
4 378 (1.42%) SCCM
5 357 (1.34%) Puppet
6 298 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
7 170 (0.64%) SCOM
8 97 (0.37%) Nagios
9 95 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
9 95 (0.36%) Kibana
10 85 (0.32%) WSUS
11 82 (0.31%) Oozie
12 81 (0.31%) Prometheus
13 68 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
14 67 (0.25%) SCOrch
15 66 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
16 64 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
17 63 (0.24%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
18 60 (0.23%) Backup Exec
19 59 (0.22%) Grafana
Vendors
1 6,183 (23.29%) Microsoft
2 3,599 (13.56%) Oracle
3 1,435 (5.41%) Tableau
4 1,119 (4.22%) VMware
5 867 (3.27%) Google
6 777 (2.93%) SAP
7 577 (2.17%) IBM
8 469 (1.77%) Citrix
9 446 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
10 398 (1.50%) Informatica
11 392 (1.48%) Cisco
12 255 (0.96%) Databricks
13 229 (0.86%) HP
14 209 (0.79%) Cloudera
15 208 (0.78%) Cognos
16 196 (0.74%) Splunk
17 191 (0.72%) Talend
18 190 (0.72%) Sage
19 187 (0.70%) Adobe
20 185 (0.70%) Atlassian