Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36,264 35,858 42,673
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.05% 21.02% 21.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.62% 38.09% 40.85%
Number of salaries quoted 30,362 30,638 37,220
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96,408 94,145 104,462
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.96% 55.18% 52.07%
Number of salaries quoted 80,282 79,950 90,133
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 33,963 £47,500 +5.56% 4,448
UK excluding London 0 21,479 £42,500 +6.25% 3,031
London 0 14,123 £57,500 +4.55% 1,730
South East -1 6,775 £45,000 +5.88% 762
North of England 0 5,098 £42,500 +6.25% 834
Midlands -1 3,225 £40,000 - 512
North West 0 2,673 £42,500 +6.25% 462
East of England 0 2,480 £45,000 +5.88% 286
South West 0 2,161 £40,000 - 319
Yorkshire 0 2,064 £42,500 +6.25% 308
West Midlands -2 1,980 £41,225 +3.06% 248
Scotland +1 1,404 £44,000 +10.00% 226
East Midlands -1 1,243 £40,000 - 257
North East +2 363 £42,500 +15.65% 64
Wales +1 358 £38,250 -1.29% 59
Northern Ireland -6 66 £35,000 -12.50% 28
Isle of Man -1 9 £40,500 -19.00% 3
Channel Islands +10 8 £45,000 -18.18% 2

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,970 (33.01%) SQL Server
2 11,736 (32.36%) C#
3 11,262 (31.06%) Agile Software Development
4 10,957 (30.21%) .NET
5 9,519 (26.25%) JavaScript
6 9,420 (25.98%) Microsoft
7 9,051 (24.96%) Finance
8 7,303 (20.14%) Java
9 7,189 (19.82%) HTML
10 6,185 (17.06%) CSS
11 5,553 (15.31%) MVC
12 5,462 (15.06%) T-SQL
13 5,413 (14.93%) ASP.NET
14 5,314 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
15 5,307 (14.63%) Oracle
16 5,190 (14.31%) Degree
17 5,108 (14.09%) Windows
18 4,690 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
19 4,636 (12.78%) Microsoft Azure
20 4,335 (11.95%) Python
21 4,187 (11.55%) Linux
22 4,144 (11.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
23 4,102 (11.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 4,061 (11.20%) AngularJS
25 3,906 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
26 3,888 (10.72%) Software Engineering
27 3,816 (10.52%) TDD
28 3,572 (9.85%) Analytics
29 3,565 (9.83%) Web Services
30 3,520 (9.71%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,225 (3.38%) SharePoint
2 1,183 (3.26%) IIS
3 1,001 (2.76%) Apache Spark
4 770 (2.12%) SAS
5 740 (2.04%) Apache
6 684 (1.89%) Tomcat
7 636 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
8 626 (1.73%) Confluence
9 566 (1.56%) CMS
10 529 (1.46%) MS Exchange
11 432 (1.19%) JBoss
12 404 (1.11%) WebSphere
13 305 (0.84%) WebLogic
14 278 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 253 (0.70%) Umbraco
16 223 (0.61%) Exchange Server 2010
17 220 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
18 190 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2013
19 183 (0.50%) nginx
20 180 (0.50%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 1,899 (5.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,055 (2.91%) Microsoft Office
3 235 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 164 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 147 (0.41%) SPSS
6 114 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
7 101 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
8 51 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 49 (0.14%) Chatbot
10 47 (0.13%) InfoPath
11 15 (0.041%) GNU Octave
12 10 (0.028%) Weka
13 9 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 9 (0.025%) AutoCAD
14 8 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
14 8 (0.022%) Revit
15 7 (0.019%) InVision
16 4 (0.011%) InDesign
17 3 (0.008%) Blender
17 3 (0.008%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 529 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
1 529 (1.46%) Dynamics NAV
2 366 (1.01%) Dynamics AX
3 252 (0.69%) Oracle EBS
4 206 (0.57%) NetSuite
5 148 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
6 124 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
7 123 (0.34%) Elite 3E
8 114 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
9 107 (0.30%) thinkFolio
10 99 (0.27%) Markit EDM
11 94 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
12 91 (0.25%) Magento
12 91 (0.25%) SAP Business One
13 82 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
14 78 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
15 70 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
16 69 (0.19%) Relativity
17 66 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
18 65 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 4,636 (12.78%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,432 (9.46%) Amazon AWS
3 895 (2.47%) SaaS
4 860 (2.37%) Office 365
5 717 (1.98%) GitHub
6 479 (1.32%) IaaS
7 459 (1.27%) PaaS
8 426 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
9 395 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
10 339 (0.93%) Serverless
11 329 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
12 316 (0.87%) Amazon S3
13 314 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
14 302 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
15 247 (0.68%) npm
16 217 (0.60%) Google Analytics
17 192 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
18 181 (0.50%) Azure Active Directory
19 142 (0.39%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
20 124 (0.34%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 678 (1.87%) DNS
2 668 (1.84%) Firewall
3 608 (1.68%) TCP/IP
4 478 (1.32%) SAN
5 454 (1.25%) HTTP
6 445 (1.23%) Internet
7 381 (1.05%) WAN
8 368 (1.01%) DHCP
9 363 (1.00%) LAN
10 300 (0.83%) VPN
11 268 (0.74%) SMS
12 208 (0.57%) SSL
13 190 (0.52%) Intranet
14 158 (0.44%) Skype
15 157 (0.43%) VLAN
16 149 (0.41%) VoIP
17 143 (0.39%) NAS
18 123 (0.34%) FTP
19 101 (0.28%) Network Security
20 99 (0.27%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,970 (33.01%) SQL Server
2 4,144 (11.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 4,102 (11.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 3,054 (8.42%) Data Warehouse
5 2,885 (7.96%) NoSQL
6 2,574 (7.10%) MySQL
7 2,563 (7.07%) Relational Database
8 2,358 (6.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 2,141 (5.90%) Big Data
10 1,802 (4.97%) Power BI
11 1,432 (3.95%) MongoDB
12 1,398 (3.86%) Hadoop
13 1,346 (3.71%) PostgreSQL
14 1,267 (3.49%) Oracle Database
15 1,124 (3.10%) SQL Server 2008
16 1,041 (2.87%) SQL Server 2012
17 807 (2.23%) RDBMS
18 787 (2.17%) SQL Server 2016
19 733 (2.02%) SQL Server 2014
20 615 (1.70%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,520 (9.71%) Git (software)
2 2,059 (5.68%) Visual Studio
3 1,733 (4.78%) JIRA
4 1,641 (4.53%) Team Foundation Server
5 1,484 (4.09%) Jenkins
6 1,482 (4.09%) Selenium
7 1,010 (2.79%) Subversion
8 825 (2.27%) Maven
9 766 (2.11%) JUnit
10 693 (1.91%) TeamCity
11 603 (1.66%) Cucumber
12 546 (1.51%) NUnit
13 534 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
14 376 (1.04%) Visual Studio Team System
15 355 (0.98%) SoapUI
16 315 (0.87%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 305 (0.84%) Eclipse
18 297 (0.82%) WebDriver
19 295 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 275 (0.76%) Protractor
General
1 9,051 (24.96%) Finance
2 2,363 (6.52%) Banking
3 2,026 (5.59%) Retail
4 1,629 (4.49%) Advertising
5 1,398 (3.86%) Marketing
6 837 (2.31%) Front Office
7 765 (2.11%) Manufacturing
8 764 (2.11%) Investment Banking
9 736 (2.03%) Games
10 656 (1.81%) Telecoms
11 645 (1.78%) Legal
12 516 (1.42%) Financial Institution
13 491 (1.35%) Law
14 371 (1.02%) Back Office
15 226 (0.62%) Automotive
16 193 (0.53%) Electronics
17 160 (0.44%) Billing
18 153 (0.42%) Publishing
19 116 (0.32%) German Language
20 108 (0.30%) French Language
Job Titles
1 16,607 (45.79%) Developer
2 5,724 (15.78%) Analyst
3 4,533 (12.50%) .NET Developer
4 4,298 (11.85%) C# Developer
5 2,939 (8.10%) SQL Developer
6 2,798 (7.72%) Senior Developer
7 2,715 (7.49%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,519 (6.95%) Java Developer
9 2,514 (6.93%) Software Developer
10 1,884 (5.20%) Consultant
11 1,650 (4.55%) Applications Support
12 1,557 (4.29%) DBA
13 1,454 (4.01%) Support Analyst
14 1,451 (4.00%) Software Engineer
15 1,302 (3.59%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,234 (3.40%) Junior
17 1,213 (3.34%) Architect
18 1,155 (3.18%) ASP.NET Developer
19 1,133 (3.12%) SQL DBA
20 1,093 (3.01%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,957 (30.21%) .NET
2 7,189 (19.82%) HTML
3 6,185 (17.06%) CSS
4 5,413 (14.93%) ASP.NET
5 4,061 (11.20%) AngularJS
6 3,565 (9.83%) Web Services
7 3,033 (8.36%) jQuery
8 2,859 (7.88%) XML
9 2,645 (7.29%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,491 (6.87%) .NET Framework
11 2,071 (5.71%) Spring
12 2,054 (5.66%) REST
13 1,945 (5.36%) HTML5
14 1,885 (5.20%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,871 (5.16%) RESTful
16 1,646 (4.54%) WCF
17 1,509 (4.16%) React
18 1,436 (3.96%) Node.js
19 1,393 (3.84%) Entity Framework
20 1,325 (3.65%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 3,906 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
2 2,882 (7.95%) Computer Science
3 1,529 (4.22%) Greenfield Project
4 1,300 (3.58%) Self-Motivation
5 1,280 (3.53%) Fintech
6 1,095 (3.02%) User Experience
7 982 (2.71%) Management Information System
8 972 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
9 837 (2.31%) Mobile App
10 811 (2.24%) Algorithms
11 563 (1.55%) Replication
12 560 (1.54%) Data Structures
13 534 (1.47%) Clustering
14 528 (1.46%) Fixed Income
15 496 (1.37%) Equities
16 480 (1.32%) Hedge funds
17 449 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 423 (1.17%) Data Centre
19 416 (1.15%) Derivative
20 388 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 5,108 (14.09%) Windows
2 4,187 (11.55%) Linux
3 2,275 (6.27%) Unix
4 1,800 (4.96%) Windows Server
5 662 (1.83%) Windows Server 2008
6 632 (1.74%) Windows Server 2012
7 581 (1.60%) Android
8 448 (1.24%) Apple iOS
9 422 (1.16%) Windows 7
10 312 (0.86%) Windows 10
11 251 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 211 (0.58%) Solaris
13 162 (0.45%) Windows Server 2003
14 150 (0.41%) Windows 8
15 149 (0.41%) CentOS
16 120 (0.33%) VMS
17 108 (0.30%) Ubuntu
18 100 (0.28%) AIX
19 67 (0.18%) Debian
20 58 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,262 (31.06%) Agile Software Development
2 5,553 (15.31%) MVC
3 5,314 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
4 4,690 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
5 3,888 (10.72%) Software Engineering
6 3,816 (10.52%) TDD
7 3,572 (9.85%) Analytics
8 3,501 (9.65%) Scrum
9 3,297 (9.09%) Test Automation
10 2,873 (7.92%) SDLC
11 2,839 (7.83%) ETL
12 2,818 (7.77%) OO
13 2,588 (7.14%) Continuous Integration
14 2,505 (6.91%) Web Development
15 2,341 (6.46%) DevOps
16 1,932 (5.33%) ITIL
17 1,873 (5.16%) Unit Testing
18 1,733 (4.78%) Data Modelling
19 1,728 (4.77%) BDD
20 1,695 (4.67%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 11,736 (32.36%) C#
2 9,519 (26.25%) JavaScript
3 7,303 (20.14%) Java
4 5,462 (15.06%) T-SQL
5 4,335 (11.95%) Python
6 1,968 (5.43%) PL/SQL
7 1,775 (4.89%) PHP
8 1,751 (4.83%) PowerShell
9 1,730 (4.77%) C++
10 1,080 (2.98%) VB.NET
11 1,072 (2.96%) C
12 1,054 (2.91%) R
13 920 (2.54%) VBA
14 864 (2.38%) Ruby
14 864 (2.38%) Scala
15 782 (2.16%) VB
16 774 (2.13%) Shell Script
17 769 (2.12%) Perl
18 741 (2.04%) Bash Shell
19 678 (1.87%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 5,190 (14.31%) Degree
2 1,265 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 824 (2.27%) Microsoft Certification
4 646 (1.78%) Security Cleared
5 412 (1.14%) ISTQB
6 382 (1.05%) ISEB
7 306 (0.84%) SC Cleared
8 297 (0.82%) MCSE
9 248 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
10 237 (0.65%) MCSA
11 219 (0.60%) PhD
12 191 (0.53%) Master's Degree
13 188 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
14 183 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 182 (0.50%) DV Cleared
16 140 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
17 134 (0.37%) MCP
18 114 (0.31%) CCNA
19 102 (0.28%) MCITP
20 95 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,999 (5.51%) QA
2 777 (2.14%) Data Quality
3 485 (1.34%) SLA
4 225 (0.62%) GDPR
5 172 (0.47%) PCI DSS
6 148 (0.41%) PMO
7 106 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 76 (0.21%) MiFID
9 55 (0.15%) GCP
10 44 (0.12%) ISO 9001
10 44 (0.12%) Solvency II
11 30 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 29 (0.080%) COBIT
13 25 (0.069%) EMIR
14 19 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 19 (0.052%) SEPA
15 17 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials
15 17 (0.047%) Disclosure Scotland
16 15 (0.041%) IFRS
17 14 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,725 (4.76%) Active Directory
2 1,358 (3.74%) Docker
3 767 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 529 (1.46%) Hyper-V
5 346 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
6 207 (0.57%) HDFS
7 190 (0.52%) vSphere
8 164 (0.45%) XenApp
9 127 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
10 125 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
11 114 (0.31%) XenDesktop
12 81 (0.22%) Apache Flume
13 73 (0.20%) VirtualBox
14 51 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
15 37 (0.10%) Terminal Services
16 33 (0.091%) Microsoft App-V
17 31 (0.085%) VMware Workstation
18 30 (0.083%) XenServer
19 29 (0.080%) Firmware
19 29 (0.080%) Xen
Systems Management
1 752 (2.07%) Ansible
2 732 (2.02%) Puppet
3 585 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
4 372 (1.03%) Kubernetes
5 350 (0.97%) SCCM
6 226 (0.62%) Terraform
7 184 (0.51%) SCOM
8 134 (0.37%) Nagios
9 123 (0.34%) Kibana
10 121 (0.33%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 114 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
12 112 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
13 110 (0.30%) Data Guard
14 106 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
15 87 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
16 84 (0.23%) Failover Clustering
17 83 (0.23%) logstash
17 83 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
18 65 (0.18%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
19 62 (0.17%) WSUS
Vendors
1 9,420 (25.98%) Microsoft
2 5,307 (14.63%) Oracle
3 1,485 (4.09%) Tableau
4 1,345 (3.71%) VMware
5 1,069 (2.95%) Google
6 823 (2.27%) SAP
7 549 (1.51%) Cisco
8 512 (1.41%) Citrix
8 512 (1.41%) IBM
9 491 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
10 442 (1.22%) Xamarin
11 409 (1.13%) Sybase
12 389 (1.07%) HP
13 365 (1.01%) Informatica
14 323 (0.89%) Capita
15 313 (0.86%) Red Hat
16 303 (0.84%) Cognos
17 290 (0.80%) WorldPay
18 287 (0.79%) Talend
19 274 (0.76%) Sage