Period
to 26 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36813 39466 47539
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.75% 20.47% 21.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.46% 38.86% 42.13%
Number of salaries quoted 30667 34436 41263
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 98265 101563 112844
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.39% 52.69% 51.50%
Number of salaries quoted 80574 87709 96476
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +1.27%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34577 £45,000 - 1430
UK excluding London 0 21670 £40,000 - 992
London 0 14616 £55,000 - 504
South East 0 6340 £42,500 - 214
North of England 0 5768 £40,000 +2.56% 328
Midlands -1 3397 £40,000 +6.67% 159
North West 0 3073 £40,000 - 178
Yorkshire 0 2460 £42,500 +10.39% 139
West Midlands 0 2273 £40,000 +6.67% 80
East of England -1 2242 £42,500 - 116
South West 0 2175 £40,000 - 108
Scotland 0 1322 £40,000 - 48
East Midlands 0 1118 £37,500 -6.25% 77
Wales 0 387 £38,500 +6.94% 14
North East +4 230 £40,000 +6.67% 11
Northern Ireland -1 116 £37,500 -3.23% 3
Isle of Man -7 9 £50,000 +11.11% 1

For the 6 months to 26 September 2017, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12988 (35.28%) SQL Server
2 11424 (31.03%) C#
3 11361 (30.86%) .NET
3 11361 (30.86%) Agile Software Development
4 9669 (26.27%) Finance
5 9373 (25.46%) JavaScript
6 9207 (25.01%) Microsoft
7 7968 (21.64%) HTML
8 7800 (21.19%) Java
9 6593 (17.91%) CSS
10 6318 (17.16%) Oracle
11 6030 (16.38%) MVC
12 5991 (16.27%) ASP.NET
13 5936 (16.12%) T-SQL
14 5894 (16.01%) Business Intelligence
15 5862 (15.92%) Windows
16 5510 (14.97%) Degree
17 4414 (11.99%) Linux
18 4393 (11.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 4322 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
20 4280 (11.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 3812 (10.36%) Web Services
22 3782 (10.27%) TDD
23 3769 (10.24%) Scrum
24 3766 (10.23%) Python
25 3683 (10.00%) XML
26 3655 (9.93%) AngularJS
27 3606 (9.80%) jQuery
28 3503 (9.52%) Analytics
29 3487 (9.47%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1601 (4.35%) IIS
2 1463 (3.97%) SharePoint
3 1052 (2.86%) SAS
4 1019 (2.77%) Tomcat
5 905 (2.46%) Apache
6 709 (1.93%) Apache Spark
7 703 (1.91%) MS Exchange
8 660 (1.79%) CMS
9 626 (1.70%) JBoss
10 499 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
11 464 (1.26%) Confluence
12 410 (1.11%) WebSphere
13 366 (0.99%) WebLogic
14 356 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 336 (0.91%) Exchange Server 2010
16 278 (0.76%) BizTalk Server
17 257 (0.70%) Exchange Server 2013
18 205 (0.56%) Umbraco
19 193 (0.52%) Skype for Business
20 191 (0.52%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2375 (6.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 1243 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
3 380 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 304 (0.83%) MS Visio
5 246 (0.67%) SPSS
6 134 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 91 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
8 77 (0.21%) Photoshop
9 41 (0.11%) FileZilla
10 40 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
11 13 (0.035%) SPSS Modeler
12 12 (0.033%) Stata
13 11 (0.030%) InfoPath
14 10 (0.027%) S-PLUS
15 9 (0.024%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 6 (0.016%) SOLIDWORKS
17 4 (0.011%) CINEMA 4D
17 4 (0.011%) EngageOne
17 4 (0.011%) Mingle
17 4 (0.011%) Weka
Business Applications
1 623 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 284 (0.77%) Dynamics AX
3 252 (0.68%) Oracle EBS
4 238 (0.65%) Dynamics NAV
5 166 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
6 102 (0.28%) Actimize
7 93 (0.25%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 86 (0.23%) ION MarketView
9 77 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
10 74 (0.20%) Markit EDM
11 72 (0.20%) Magento
12 70 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
13 68 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
13 68 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
14 62 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
14 62 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
15 61 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
16 58 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
17 57 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
18 55 (0.15%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 3308 (8.99%) Microsoft Azure
2 2429 (6.60%) Amazon AWS
3 915 (2.49%) SaaS
4 749 (2.03%) Office 365
5 572 (1.55%) GitHub
6 323 (0.88%) PaaS
7 284 (0.77%) IaaS
8 279 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
9 277 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
10 183 (0.50%) Google Analytics
11 160 (0.43%) Dynamics 365
12 140 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
13 125 (0.34%) npm
14 97 (0.26%) Amazon S3
15 89 (0.24%) Azure Data Factory
16 86 (0.23%) Azure Active Directory
17 79 (0.21%) Azure Machine Learning
18 75 (0.20%) Amazon SQS
19 69 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
20 52 (0.14%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 841 (2.28%) Firewall
2 763 (2.07%) DNS
3 725 (1.97%) TCP/IP
4 644 (1.75%) Internet
5 629 (1.71%) HTTP
6 561 (1.52%) SAN
7 434 (1.18%) DHCP
8 376 (1.02%) WAN
9 369 (1.00%) LAN
10 313 (0.85%) VPN
11 273 (0.74%) SSL
12 210 (0.57%) FTP
13 187 (0.51%) Intranet
14 175 (0.48%) VoIP
15 148 (0.40%) VLAN
16 136 (0.37%) LDAP
17 133 (0.36%) SMTP
18 129 (0.35%) Skype
19 125 (0.34%) SMS
20 119 (0.32%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12988 (35.28%) SQL Server
2 4393 (11.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4280 (11.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3487 (9.47%) Data Warehouse
5 2806 (7.62%) Relational Database
6 2461 (6.69%) NoSQL
7 2367 (6.43%) MySQL
8 2305 (6.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1791 (4.87%) Big Data
10 1765 (4.79%) SQL Server 2008
11 1427 (3.88%) Oracle Database
12 1423 (3.87%) MongoDB
13 1414 (3.84%) SQL Server 2012
14 1228 (3.34%) Power BI
15 1141 (3.10%) Hadoop
16 1046 (2.84%) RDBMS
17 1019 (2.77%) SQL Server 2014
18 894 (2.43%) PostgreSQL
19 879 (2.39%) QlikView
20 743 (2.02%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 2769 (7.52%) Git (software)
2 2136 (5.80%) Visual Studio
3 1927 (5.23%) JIRA
4 1653 (4.49%) Team Foundation Server
5 1521 (4.13%) Jenkins
6 1447 (3.93%) Selenium
7 1311 (3.56%) Subversion
8 936 (2.54%) JUnit
9 868 (2.36%) Maven
10 770 (2.09%) TeamCity
11 761 (2.07%) NUnit
12 634 (1.72%) Cucumber
13 415 (1.13%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 397 (1.08%) WebDriver
15 394 (1.07%) Eclipse
16 348 (0.95%) SpecFlow
17 319 (0.87%) Oracle Forms
18 304 (0.83%) Octopus Deploy
19 297 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 257 (0.70%) SoapUI
General
1 9669 (26.27%) Finance
2 3176 (8.63%) Banking
3 2468 (6.70%) Retail
4 1995 (5.42%) Marketing
5 1463 (3.97%) Investment Banking
6 969 (2.63%) Retail Banking
7 951 (2.58%) Telecoms
8 939 (2.55%) Manufacturing
9 922 (2.50%) Front Office
10 770 (2.09%) Advertising
11 662 (1.80%) Legal
12 627 (1.70%) Games
13 594 (1.61%) Electronics
14 461 (1.25%) Back Office
15 426 (1.16%) Financial Institution
16 377 (1.02%) Law
17 362 (0.98%) Publishing
18 206 (0.56%) Automotive
19 151 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
20 137 (0.37%) Billing
Job Titles
1 17280 (46.94%) Developer
2 6530 (17.74%) Analyst
3 4994 (13.57%) .NET Developer
4 4511 (12.25%) C# Developer
5 3665 (9.96%) SQL Developer
6 3125 (8.49%) Senior Developer
7 2930 (7.96%) C# .NET Developer
8 2653 (7.21%) Java Developer
9 2281 (6.20%) Software Developer
10 1875 (5.09%) Applications Support
11 1673 (4.54%) Support Analyst
12 1578 (4.29%) ASP.NET Developer
13 1551 (4.21%) DBA
14 1459 (3.96%) Consultant
15 1441 (3.91%) SQL Analyst
16 1427 (3.88%) Software Engineer
17 1420 (3.86%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 1322 (3.59%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 1287 (3.50%) Junior
20 1134 (3.08%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11361 (30.86%) .NET
2 7968 (21.64%) HTML
3 6593 (17.91%) CSS
4 5991 (16.27%) ASP.NET
5 3812 (10.36%) Web Services
6 3683 (10.00%) XML
7 3655 (9.93%) AngularJS
8 3606 (9.80%) jQuery
9 3010 (8.18%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2522 (6.85%) .NET Framework
11 2270 (6.17%) HTML5
12 2173 (5.90%) Spring
13 1961 (5.33%) REST
14 1868 (5.07%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1657 (4.50%) WCF
16 1605 (4.36%) SOAP
17 1560 (4.24%) RESTful
18 1376 (3.74%) Entity Framework
19 1369 (3.72%) Hibernate
20 1368 (3.72%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 4322 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
2 3116 (8.46%) Computer Science
3 1382 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
4 1036 (2.81%) User Experience
5 981 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
6 910 (2.47%) Fintech
7 824 (2.24%) Management Information System
8 771 (2.09%) Algorithms
9 721 (1.96%) Mobile App
10 682 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 610 (1.66%) Clustering
12 576 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 567 (1.54%) Equities
14 521 (1.42%) Replication
15 518 (1.41%) Derivative
16 474 (1.29%) Fixed Income
17 401 (1.09%) Client/Server
17 401 (1.09%) Hedge funds
18 372 (1.01%) Credit Risk
19 363 (0.99%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 5862 (15.92%) Windows
2 4414 (11.99%) Linux
3 2816 (7.65%) Unix
4 2158 (5.86%) Windows Server
5 854 (2.32%) Windows Server 2008
6 837 (2.27%) Windows Server 2012
7 698 (1.90%) Android
8 546 (1.48%) Apple iOS
9 500 (1.36%) Windows 7
10 335 (0.91%) Windows 10
11 255 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
12 232 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 211 (0.57%) Solaris
14 169 (0.46%) Windows 8
15 115 (0.31%) CentOS
16 113 (0.31%) AIX
17 106 (0.29%) Ubuntu
18 61 (0.17%) Windows XP
19 60 (0.16%) Mac OS
20 57 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 11361 (30.86%) Agile Software Development
2 6030 (16.38%) MVC
3 5894 (16.01%) Business Intelligence
4 3782 (10.27%) TDD
5 3769 (10.24%) Scrum
6 3503 (9.52%) Analytics
7 3317 (9.01%) Software Engineering
8 3120 (8.48%) ETL
9 3094 (8.40%) SDLC
10 2922 (7.94%) Test Automation
11 2913 (7.91%) OO
12 2608 (7.08%) Web Development
13 2509 (6.82%) Continuous Integration
14 2176 (5.91%) ITIL
15 2003 (5.44%) Data Modelling
16 1953 (5.31%) Mentoring
17 1907 (5.18%) DevOps
18 1865 (5.07%) Unit Testing
19 1641 (4.46%) CRM
20 1555 (4.22%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 11424 (31.03%) C#
2 9373 (25.46%) JavaScript
3 7800 (21.19%) Java
4 5936 (16.12%) T-SQL
5 3766 (10.23%) Python
6 2515 (6.83%) PL/SQL
7 1829 (4.97%) C++
8 1745 (4.74%) PHP
9 1664 (4.52%) PowerShell
10 1231 (3.34%) VB.NET
11 1068 (2.90%) R
12 1004 (2.73%) C
13 1000 (2.72%) VBA
14 993 (2.70%) Shell Script
15 959 (2.61%) Ruby
16 931 (2.53%) VB
17 886 (2.41%) Perl
18 665 (1.81%) Bash Shell
19 595 (1.62%) Scala
20 404 (1.10%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5510 (14.97%) Degree
2 1414 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 834 (2.27%) Microsoft Certification
4 657 (1.78%) Security Cleared
5 496 (1.35%) ISEB
6 436 (1.18%) ISTQB
7 350 (0.95%) MCSE
8 339 (0.92%) SC Cleared
9 311 (0.84%) PhD
10 257 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
11 233 (0.63%) MCSA
12 191 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
13 187 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 184 (0.50%) Master's Degree
15 175 (0.48%) CCNA
16 161 (0.44%) MCP
17 157 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 143 (0.39%) MCITP
19 122 (0.33%) PMI Certification
20 109 (0.30%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1977 (5.37%) QA
2 757 (2.06%) Data Quality
3 653 (1.77%) SLA
4 163 (0.44%) PCI DSS
5 152 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 112 (0.30%) MiFID
7 98 (0.27%) GDPR
8 93 (0.25%) Basel III
9 92 (0.25%) ISO 9001
10 71 (0.19%) PMO
11 57 (0.15%) SEPA
12 45 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 38 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 37 (0.10%) EMIR
15 33 (0.090%) GCP
16 27 (0.073%) Actionable Recommendations
17 25 (0.068%) GAAP
18 23 (0.062%) COBIT
18 23 (0.062%) Solvency II
19 20 (0.054%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 1833 (4.98%) Active Directory
2 935 (2.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 766 (2.08%) Docker
4 541 (1.47%) Hyper-V
5 305 (0.83%) vSphere
6 252 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
7 205 (0.56%) XenApp
8 123 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
9 114 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
10 109 (0.30%) XenServer
11 101 (0.27%) Xen
12 97 (0.26%) XenDesktop
13 83 (0.23%) Terminal Services
14 73 (0.20%) HDFS
15 70 (0.19%) VMware Workstation
16 66 (0.18%) Apache Flume
17 62 (0.17%) KVM
18 57 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
19 48 (0.13%) Firmware
20 42 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 681 (1.85%) Puppet
2 594 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
3 454 (1.23%) Ansible
4 427 (1.16%) SCCM
5 253 (0.69%) SCOM
6 192 (0.52%) Nagios
7 165 (0.45%) Kubernetes
8 134 (0.36%) Tivoli
9 132 (0.36%) Terraform
10 130 (0.35%) Backup Exec
11 125 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
12 107 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
13 104 (0.28%) WSUS
14 98 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 95 (0.26%) Opsview
16 88 (0.24%) Control-M
16 88 (0.24%) Data Guard
17 85 (0.23%) Cobbler
18 81 (0.22%) Failover Clustering
19 76 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 9207 (25.01%) Microsoft
2 6318 (17.16%) Oracle
3 1581 (4.29%) VMware
4 1530 (4.16%) Tableau
5 1278 (3.47%) SAP
6 650 (1.77%) Cisco
7 635 (1.72%) Google
8 633 (1.72%) IBM
9 597 (1.62%) Citrix
10 543 (1.48%) Cognos
11 533 (1.45%) HP
12 512 (1.39%) Sybase
13 354 (0.96%) Informatica
14 327 (0.89%) Splunk
15 321 (0.87%) Red Hat
16 318 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
17 272 (0.74%) Xamarin
18 267 (0.73%) Adobe
19 260 (0.71%) NetApp
20 240 (0.65%) TIBCO