Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 35,573 36,099 45,025
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.51% 20.45% 21.75%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.00% 38.44% 41.86%
Number of salaries quoted 30,095 31,298 39,086
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £73,750 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,250 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +3.90%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96,136 93,900 107,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.43% 53.21% 51.96%
Number of salaries quoted 80,043 80,670 92,426
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 33,309 £45,000 - 4,834
UK excluding London 0 21,436 £42,250 +5.63% 3,118
London 0 13,563 £55,000 - 1,984
South East 0 7,024 £42,500 - 777
North of England 0 5,170 £40,000 - 855
Midlands 0 3,181 £40,000 +3.90% 543
North West 0 2,655 £40,000 - 498
Yorkshire 0 2,217 £42,000 +5.00% 311
East of England -1 2,209 £45,000 +5.88% 341
South West 0 2,090 £40,000 - 322
West Midlands -1 2,076 £40,000 +6.67% 307
Scotland +1 1,295 £42,500 +2.41% 192
East Midlands -3 1,103 £38,000 -5.00% 231
Wales 0 398 £35,000 -6.67% 69
North East 0 296 £39,813 +6.17% 46
Northern Ireland -3 102 £35,000 -12.50% 14
Isle of Man 0 19 £50,000 - 5
Channel Islands -3 6 £60,000 -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12,066 (33.92%) SQL Server
2 11,417 (32.09%) C#
3 11,021 (30.98%) Agile Software Development
4 10,760 (30.25%) .NET
5 9,358 (26.31%) JavaScript
6 8,728 (24.54%) Finance
7 8,707 (24.48%) Microsoft
8 7,466 (20.99%) HTML
9 7,033 (19.77%) Java
10 6,173 (17.35%) CSS
11 5,774 (16.23%) MVC
12 5,653 (15.89%) ASP.NET
13 5,490 (15.43%) T-SQL
14 5,416 (15.23%) Business Intelligence
15 5,406 (15.20%) Oracle
16 5,169 (14.53%) Windows
17 5,044 (14.18%) Degree
18 4,121 (11.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 4,038 (11.35%) Linux
20 4,019 (11.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 3,957 (11.12%) Analytical Skills
22 3,931 (11.05%) Python
23 3,727 (10.48%) AngularJS
24 3,633 (10.21%) Microsoft Azure
25 3,628 (10.20%) Scrum
26 3,588 (10.09%) Web Services
27 3,554 (9.99%) TDD
28 3,549 (9.98%) Software Engineering
29 3,445 (9.68%) jQuery
30 3,414 (9.60%) Analytics

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,345 (3.78%) IIS
2 1,265 (3.56%) SharePoint
3 960 (2.70%) SAS
4 790 (2.22%) Apache Spark
5 755 (2.12%) Tomcat
6 745 (2.09%) Apache
7 617 (1.73%) MS Exchange
8 561 (1.58%) CMS
9 527 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
10 501 (1.41%) JBoss
11 412 (1.16%) Confluence
12 327 (0.92%) WebSphere
13 312 (0.88%) Exchange Server 2010
14 258 (0.73%) Umbraco
15 249 (0.70%) WebLogic
16 244 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
17 207 (0.58%) Exchange Server 2013
18 169 (0.48%) Skype for Business
19 167 (0.47%) OpenStack
20 156 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2,037 (5.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,000 (2.81%) Microsoft Office
3 265 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 257 (0.72%) MS Visio
5 190 (0.53%) SPSS
6 98 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
7 70 (0.20%) Photoshop
8 61 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
9 37 (0.10%) InfoPath
10 27 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
11 26 (0.073%) Chatbot
12 11 (0.031%) FileZilla
12 11 (0.031%) S-PLUS
13 9 (0.025%) Maya
13 9 (0.025%) Weka
14 7 (0.020%) AutoCAD
14 7 (0.020%) GNU Octave
14 7 (0.020%) InDesign
15 6 (0.017%) Acrobat
15 6 (0.017%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 532 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 359 (1.01%) Dynamics NAV
3 319 (0.90%) Dynamics AX
4 223 (0.63%) Oracle EBS
5 157 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
6 130 (0.37%) NetSuite
7 91 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
8 87 (0.24%) SAP Business One
9 76 (0.21%) Magento
10 75 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
11 71 (0.20%) Actimize
12 68 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 66 (0.19%) Sage X3
14 62 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
15 58 (0.16%) Markit EDM
16 56 (0.16%) ION MarketView
17 50 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
18 45 (0.13%) thinkFolio
19 44 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
20 42 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 3,633 (10.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 2,584 (7.26%) Amazon AWS
3 949 (2.67%) SaaS
4 740 (2.08%) Office 365
5 584 (1.64%) GitHub
6 368 (1.03%) PaaS
7 343 (0.96%) Google Cloud Platform
8 310 (0.87%) IaaS
9 279 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
10 210 (0.59%) Azure Data Factory
11 182 (0.51%) Google Analytics
12 178 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
13 171 (0.48%) Serverless
14 160 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
14 160 (0.45%) Amazon S3
15 153 (0.43%) npm
16 111 (0.31%) OpenShift
17 79 (0.22%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
18 78 (0.22%) Azure Active Directory
19 73 (0.21%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 700 (1.97%) Firewall
2 593 (1.67%) TCP/IP
3 569 (1.60%) Internet
4 563 (1.58%) DNS
5 499 (1.40%) HTTP
6 411 (1.16%) SAN
7 311 (0.87%) WAN
8 303 (0.85%) DHCP
9 300 (0.84%) LAN
10 261 (0.73%) SSL
11 245 (0.69%) VPN
12 195 (0.55%) SMS
13 181 (0.51%) VoIP
14 180 (0.51%) FTP
15 157 (0.44%) Intranet
16 138 (0.39%) LDAP
17 120 (0.34%) Network Security
18 118 (0.33%) VLAN
19 108 (0.30%) Skype
20 96 (0.27%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12,066 (33.92%) SQL Server
2 4,121 (11.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 4,019 (11.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 3,107 (8.73%) Data Warehouse
5 2,436 (6.85%) MySQL
6 2,430 (6.83%) NoSQL
7 2,364 (6.65%) Relational Database
8 2,109 (5.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,745 (4.91%) Big Data
10 1,457 (4.10%) Power BI
11 1,308 (3.68%) SQL Server 2008
12 1,306 (3.67%) Oracle Database
13 1,225 (3.44%) MongoDB
14 1,182 (3.32%) SQL Server 2012
15 1,136 (3.19%) Hadoop
16 1,057 (2.97%) PostgreSQL
17 913 (2.57%) SQL Server 2014
18 849 (2.39%) QlikView
19 779 (2.19%) RDBMS
20 763 (2.14%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,784 (7.83%) Git (software)
2 2,167 (6.09%) Visual Studio
3 1,640 (4.61%) JIRA
4 1,605 (4.51%) Team Foundation Server
5 1,439 (4.05%) Jenkins
6 1,364 (3.83%) Selenium
7 1,101 (3.10%) Subversion
8 785 (2.21%) Maven
9 750 (2.11%) JUnit
10 659 (1.85%) NUnit
11 642 (1.80%) Cucumber
12 607 (1.71%) TeamCity
13 382 (1.07%) Eclipse
14 380 (1.07%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 313 (0.88%) WebDriver
16 308 (0.87%) SpecFlow
17 304 (0.85%) SoapUI
18 274 (0.77%) Octopus Deploy
19 262 (0.74%) Oracle Forms
20 249 (0.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 8,728 (24.54%) Finance
2 2,652 (7.46%) Banking
3 1,716 (4.82%) Retail
4 1,377 (3.87%) Marketing
5 1,140 (3.20%) Advertising
6 1,022 (2.87%) Investment Banking
7 916 (2.57%) Front Office
8 769 (2.16%) Manufacturing
9 695 (1.95%) Telecoms
10 674 (1.89%) Games
11 640 (1.80%) Legal
12 607 (1.71%) Retail Banking
13 413 (1.16%) Law
14 396 (1.11%) Back Office
15 345 (0.97%) Financial Institution
16 302 (0.85%) Electronics
17 244 (0.69%) Automotive
18 236 (0.66%) Publishing
19 143 (0.40%) Billing
20 108 (0.30%) German Language
Job Titles
1 16,642 (46.78%) Developer
2 5,869 (16.50%) Analyst
3 4,670 (13.13%) .NET Developer
4 4,264 (11.99%) C# Developer
5 3,279 (9.22%) SQL Developer
6 2,778 (7.81%) Senior Developer
7 2,767 (7.78%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,490 (7.00%) Java Developer
9 2,405 (6.76%) Software Developer
10 1,792 (5.04%) Applications Support
11 1,571 (4.42%) Consultant
12 1,521 (4.28%) Software Engineer
13 1,483 (4.17%) Support Analyst
14 1,465 (4.12%) ASP.NET Developer
15 1,458 (4.10%) DBA
16 1,393 (3.92%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1,306 (3.67%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 1,280 (3.60%) Junior
19 1,198 (3.37%) SQL Analyst
20 1,077 (3.03%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,760 (30.25%) .NET
2 7,466 (20.99%) HTML
3 6,173 (17.35%) CSS
4 5,653 (15.89%) ASP.NET
5 3,727 (10.48%) AngularJS
6 3,588 (10.09%) Web Services
7 3,445 (9.68%) jQuery
8 3,137 (8.82%) XML
9 2,718 (7.64%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,447 (6.88%) .NET Framework
11 2,163 (6.08%) REST
12 2,117 (5.95%) HTML5
13 2,104 (5.91%) Spring
14 1,829 (5.14%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,726 (4.85%) RESTful
16 1,644 (4.62%) WCF
17 1,587 (4.46%) SOAP
18 1,265 (3.56%) Node.js
19 1,260 (3.54%) Entity Framework
20 1,222 (3.44%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 3,957 (11.12%) Analytical Skills
2 2,952 (8.30%) Computer Science
3 1,441 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
4 1,072 (3.01%) Fintech
5 991 (2.79%) User Experience
6 967 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
7 799 (2.25%) Algorithms
8 794 (2.23%) Management Information System
9 758 (2.13%) Mobile App
10 596 (1.68%) Data Structures
11 571 (1.61%) Clustering
12 517 (1.45%) Equities
13 495 (1.39%) Replication
14 424 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 420 (1.18%) Fixed Income
15 420 (1.18%) Hedge funds
16 397 (1.12%) Client/Server
17 376 (1.06%) Data Centre
18 353 (0.99%) Derivative
19 266 (0.75%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 5,169 (14.53%) Windows
2 4,038 (11.35%) Linux
3 2,591 (7.28%) Unix
4 2,018 (5.67%) Windows Server
5 744 (2.09%) Windows Server 2012
6 689 (1.94%) Windows Server 2008
7 623 (1.75%) Android
8 533 (1.50%) Apple iOS
9 477 (1.34%) Windows 7
10 363 (1.02%) Windows 10
11 224 (0.63%) Windows Server 2003
12 221 (0.62%) Solaris
13 183 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 183 (0.51%) Windows 8
14 123 (0.35%) CentOS
15 101 (0.28%) Ubuntu
16 98 (0.28%) AIX
17 64 (0.18%) VMS
18 58 (0.16%) Debian
19 48 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,021 (30.98%) Agile Software Development
2 5,774 (16.23%) MVC
3 5,416 (15.23%) Business Intelligence
4 3,628 (10.20%) Scrum
5 3,554 (9.99%) TDD
6 3,549 (9.98%) Software Engineering
7 3,414 (9.60%) Analytics
8 2,936 (8.25%) Test Automation
9 2,834 (7.97%) ETL
10 2,818 (7.92%) OO
11 2,753 (7.74%) SDLC
12 2,588 (7.28%) Web Development
13 2,268 (6.38%) Continuous Integration
14 1,983 (5.57%) ITIL
15 1,905 (5.36%) DevOps
16 1,813 (5.10%) Data Modelling
17 1,770 (4.98%) Unit Testing
18 1,736 (4.88%) Mentoring
19 1,620 (4.55%) Mathematics
20 1,483 (4.17%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 11,417 (32.09%) C#
2 9,358 (26.31%) JavaScript
3 7,033 (19.77%) Java
4 5,490 (15.43%) T-SQL
5 3,931 (11.05%) Python
6 2,019 (5.68%) PL/SQL
7 1,770 (4.98%) PHP
8 1,695 (4.76%) C++
9 1,554 (4.37%) PowerShell
10 1,094 (3.08%) VB.NET
11 1,041 (2.93%) R
12 1,023 (2.88%) C
13 928 (2.61%) VBA
14 925 (2.60%) Ruby
15 841 (2.36%) VB
16 812 (2.28%) Perl
17 773 (2.17%) Shell Script
18 666 (1.87%) Scala
19 653 (1.84%) Bash Shell
20 414 (1.16%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 5,044 (14.18%) Degree
2 1,253 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 758 (2.13%) Microsoft Certification
4 552 (1.55%) Security Cleared
5 392 (1.10%) ISEB
6 388 (1.09%) ISTQB
7 314 (0.88%) SC Cleared
8 303 (0.85%) MCSE
9 274 (0.77%) PhD
10 222 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
11 201 (0.57%) MCSA
12 195 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
13 175 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 174 (0.49%) Master's Degree
15 173 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
16 171 (0.48%) CCNA
17 109 (0.31%) MCP
18 107 (0.30%) MCITP
19 106 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
20 97 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,078 (5.84%) QA
2 733 (2.06%) Data Quality
3 563 (1.58%) SLA
4 192 (0.54%) GDPR
5 162 (0.46%) PCI DSS
6 147 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 104 (0.29%) PMO
8 85 (0.24%) MiFID
9 63 (0.18%) GCP
10 52 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 47 (0.13%) Basel III
12 43 (0.12%) COBIT
13 40 (0.11%) EMIR
14 38 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 37 (0.10%) SEPA
16 36 (0.10%) Solvency II
17 22 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 20000
18 19 (0.053%) HL7
19 18 (0.051%) HIPAA
20 17 (0.048%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 1,592 (4.48%) Active Directory
2 1,078 (3.03%) Docker
3 876 (2.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 452 (1.27%) Hyper-V
5 233 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
6 223 (0.63%) vSphere
7 198 (0.56%) XenApp
8 155 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
9 107 (0.30%) XenDesktop
10 102 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
11 92 (0.26%) HDFS
12 70 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
13 60 (0.17%) Apache Flume
14 51 (0.14%) VirtualBox
15 47 (0.13%) Xen
16 44 (0.12%) Terminal Services
17 39 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
18 38 (0.11%) Firmware
19 36 (0.10%) XenServer
20 35 (0.098%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 633 (1.78%) Puppet
2 578 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
3 452 (1.27%) Ansible
4 431 (1.21%) SCCM
5 299 (0.84%) Kubernetes
6 209 (0.59%) SCOM
7 160 (0.45%) Nagios
8 151 (0.42%) Terraform
9 132 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
10 125 (0.35%) Oracle RMAN
11 103 (0.29%) Data Guard
12 97 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 96 (0.27%) Kibana
14 83 (0.23%) Tivoli
15 79 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 75 (0.21%) Backup Exec
16 75 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
17 72 (0.20%) vCenter Server
18 71 (0.20%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
19 68 (0.19%) Control-M
Vendors
1 8,707 (24.48%) Microsoft
2 5,406 (15.20%) Oracle
3 1,478 (4.15%) Tableau
4 1,441 (4.05%) VMware
5 951 (2.67%) SAP
6 912 (2.56%) Google
7 604 (1.70%) Cisco
8 574 (1.61%) Citrix
9 452 (1.27%) HP
10 442 (1.24%) IBM
10 442 (1.24%) Sybase
11 423 (1.19%) Cognos
12 369 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
13 355 (1.00%) Informatica
14 261 (0.73%) Xamarin
15 244 (0.69%) Red Hat
16 233 (0.65%) Splunk
17 226 (0.64%) Capita
17 226 (0.64%) Sage
18 221 (0.62%) Adobe