Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 8,964 26,505 34,832
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.27% 18.76% 20.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.04% 35.08% 37.43%
Number of salaries quoted 8,565 23,340 30,555
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,879 75,554 93,057
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.85% 53.48% 55.64%
Number of salaries quoted 24,159 61,748 77,360
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8,295 £52,500 +5.00% 1,817
UK excluding London -2 5,146 £47,500 +11.76% 1,348
London -5 3,603 £67,500 +12.50% 638
South East -3 1,471 £50,000 +11.11% 281
North of England 0 1,400 £47,500 +11.76% 375
Work from Home +4 989 £52,500 +7.14% 301
Midlands -1 845 £45,000 +5.88% 245
North West 0 814 £50,000 +17.65% 239
South West 0 535 £45,000 +7.14% 146
West Midlands -1 532 £45,000 +4.65% 136
Yorkshire -1 493 £45,000 +5.88% 105
East of England -1 387 £47,500 +5.56% 126
East Midlands +1 312 £45,000 +12.50% 108
Scotland -7 255 £47,500 +5.56% 96
Wales +4 202 £42,500 +0.29% 59
North East -6 92 £45,000 +5.88% 31
Northern Ireland -1 53 £40,000 +13.48% 21
Channel Islands -1 6 £55,000 +15.79%
Isle of Man 0 3 £47,500 +5.56%

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,911 (32.47%) Agile Software Development
2 2,704 (30.17%) SQL Server
3 2,697 (30.09%) Azure
4 2,685 (29.95%) C#
5 2,566 (28.63%) .NET
6 2,303 (25.69%) JavaScript
7 2,157 (24.06%) Microsoft
8 2,137 (23.84%) Finance
9 2,001 (22.32%) Python
10 1,667 (18.60%) Java
11 1,664 (18.56%) AWS
12 1,586 (17.69%) DevOps
13 1,458 (16.27%) HTML
14 1,437 (16.03%) Business Intelligence
15 1,325 (14.78%) CSS
16 1,178 (13.14%) Degree
17 1,141 (12.73%) Git (software)
18 1,124 (12.54%) Analytics
19 1,115 (12.44%) Windows
20 1,103 (12.30%) Software Engineering
21 1,075 (11.99%) T-SQL
22 1,067 (11.90%) AngularJS
23 1,028 (11.47%) ASP.NET
24 1,020 (11.38%) Oracle
25 1,002 (11.18%) MVC
26 962 (10.73%) Linux
27 960 (10.71%) Power Platform
28 953 (10.63%) Data Warehouse
29 918 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
30 916 (10.22%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 312 (3.48%) SharePoint
2 284 (3.17%) Apache
3 283 (3.16%) Apache Spark
4 280 (3.12%) IIS
5 222 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
6 211 (2.35%) Confluence
7 122 (1.36%) SAS
8 84 (0.94%) Tomcat
9 70 (0.78%) CMS
10 60 (0.67%) MS Exchange
11 57 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
12 46 (0.51%) nginx
13 45 (0.50%) WebSphere
14 37 (0.41%) WebLogic
15 36 (0.40%) Skype for Business
16 34 (0.38%) NServiceBus
17 31 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
18 28 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2010
18 28 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 23 (0.26%) JBoss
Applications
1 442 (4.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 213 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.11%) SPSS
8 4 (0.045%) Camtasia
8 4 (0.045%) MadCap Flare
8 4 (0.045%) Stata
9 2 (0.022%) Abaqus
9 2 (0.022%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.022%) EViews
9 2 (0.022%) FileZilla
9 2 (0.022%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.022%) Quantrix
9 2 (0.022%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.011%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.011%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.011%) Weka
Business Applications
1 147 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 117 (1.31%) Markit EDM
3 100 (1.12%) Eagle PACE
4 75 (0.84%) PolarLake
5 37 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
6 28 (0.31%) NetSuite
7 25 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
8 21 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
8 21 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
8 21 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
9 20 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
10 19 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
11 18 (0.20%) Sentinel
12 17 (0.19%) SAP Business One
13 16 (0.18%) Magento
13 16 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
14 14 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
14 14 (0.16%) Unica
15 13 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
16 12 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,697 (30.09%) Azure
2 1,664 (18.56%) AWS
3 960 (10.71%) Power Platform
4 503 (5.61%) GCP
5 392 (4.37%) Office 365
6 359 (4.00%) Serverless
7 354 (3.95%) SaaS
8 240 (2.68%) PaaS
9 235 (2.62%) AWS Lambda
10 196 (2.19%) Azure Data Factory
11 182 (2.03%) IaaS
12 173 (1.93%) GitHub
13 169 (1.89%) Amazon S3
14 148 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
15 143 (1.60%) Dynamics 365
16 130 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
17 104 (1.16%) Azure Active Directory
18 90 (1.00%) Amazon ECS
19 77 (0.86%) OpenShift
20 73 (0.81%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 173 (1.93%) Firewall
2 150 (1.67%) DNS
3 142 (1.58%) TCP/IP
4 122 (1.36%) Skype
5 105 (1.17%) HTTP
6 88 (0.98%) WAN
7 85 (0.95%) VPN
8 77 (0.86%) LAN
9 75 (0.84%) SAN
10 72 (0.80%) Internet
11 67 (0.75%) DHCP
12 48 (0.54%) Network Security
13 35 (0.39%) FTP
14 34 (0.38%) SSL
15 33 (0.37%) VoIP
16 29 (0.32%) Remote Desktop
17 27 (0.30%) Wireless
18 18 (0.20%) Broadband
18 18 (0.20%) Wireshark
19 16 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,704 (30.17%) SQL Server
2 953 (10.63%) Data Warehouse
3 914 (10.20%) Power BI
4 888 (9.91%) NoSQL
5 876 (9.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 748 (8.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 568 (6.34%) MySQL
8 563 (6.28%) PostgreSQL
9 536 (5.98%) Big Data
10 510 (5.69%) Relational Database
11 384 (4.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 382 (4.26%) Azure SQL Database
13 365 (4.07%) MongoDB
14 301 (3.36%) Data Lake
15 276 (3.08%) Hadoop
16 231 (2.58%) Oracle Database
17 218 (2.43%) Amazon Redshift
18 187 (2.09%) SQL Server 2012
19 168 (1.87%) Snowflake Schema
20 160 (1.78%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,141 (12.73%) Git (software)
2 563 (6.28%) JIRA
3 482 (5.38%) Jenkins
4 310 (3.46%) Selenium
5 295 (3.29%) Team Foundation Server
6 269 (3.00%) Visual Studio
7 165 (1.84%) GitLab
7 165 (1.84%) Maven
8 157 (1.75%) SpecFlow
8 157 (1.75%) Subversion
9 147 (1.64%) TeamCity
10 140 (1.56%) JUnit
11 121 (1.35%) Bitbucket
12 115 (1.28%) Artifactory
13 105 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
14 94 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 94 (1.05%) NUnit
15 88 (0.98%) SoapUI
16 87 (0.97%) Gradle
17 85 (0.95%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 2,137 (23.84%) Finance
2 512 (5.71%) Banking
3 370 (4.13%) Front Office
4 271 (3.02%) Back Office
5 264 (2.95%) Marketing
6 249 (2.78%) Retail
7 234 (2.61%) Public Sector
8 175 (1.95%) Law
9 150 (1.67%) Manufacturing
10 125 (1.39%) Games
11 118 (1.32%) Investment Banking
12 108 (1.20%) Legal
13 106 (1.18%) Advertising
14 93 (1.04%) Telecoms
15 89 (0.99%) Financial Institution
16 49 (0.55%) Electronics
16 49 (0.55%) Local Government
17 26 (0.29%) Private Banking
18 24 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
18 24 (0.27%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,804 (42.44%) Developer
2 1,356 (15.13%) Analyst
3 839 (9.36%) .NET Developer
4 776 (8.66%) Senior Developer
5 649 (7.24%) C# Developer
6 611 (6.82%) Software Engineer
7 564 (6.29%) Software Developer
8 539 (6.01%) SQL Developer
9 484 (5.40%) Data Engineer
10 411 (4.59%) Java Developer
11 358 (3.99%) C# .NET Developer
12 342 (3.82%) Architect
13 320 (3.57%) Applications Support
14 311 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
15 309 (3.45%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 306 (3.41%) Data Analyst
17 256 (2.86%) DBA
17 256 (2.86%) Support Analyst
18 242 (2.70%) Business Analyst
19 238 (2.66%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,566 (28.63%) .NET
2 1,458 (16.27%) HTML
3 1,325 (14.78%) CSS
4 1,067 (11.90%) AngularJS
5 1,028 (11.47%) ASP.NET
6 916 (10.22%) Web Services
7 814 (9.08%) .NET Core
8 730 (8.14%) React
9 681 (7.60%) .NET Framework
10 667 (7.44%) REST
11 543 (6.06%) ASP.NET Web API
12 501 (5.59%) jQuery
13 459 (5.12%) XML
14 447 (4.99%) ASP.NET MVC
15 436 (4.86%) Node.js
16 433 (4.83%) Spring
17 431 (4.81%) RESTful
18 401 (4.47%) HTML5
19 353 (3.94%) Entity Framework
20 345 (3.85%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 894 (9.97%) Analytical Skills
2 406 (4.53%) Hedge funds
3 398 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
4 315 (3.51%) Fixed Income
5 287 (3.20%) Management Information System
6 265 (2.96%) Algorithms
7 251 (2.80%) Data Structures
7 251 (2.80%) Equities
8 241 (2.69%) Derivative
9 211 (2.35%) Mobile App
10 205 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
11 190 (2.12%) User Experience
12 156 (1.74%) Data Centre
13 136 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 128 (1.43%) Public Cloud
15 118 (1.32%) Replication
16 115 (1.28%) Reference Data
17 112 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
18 104 (1.16%) Clustering
19 81 (0.90%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,115 (12.44%) Windows
2 962 (10.73%) Linux
3 452 (5.04%) Windows Server
4 349 (3.89%) Unix
5 129 (1.44%) Android
6 124 (1.38%) Windows Server 2016
7 118 (1.32%) Windows Server 2012
8 93 (1.04%) Apple iOS
9 87 (0.97%) Windows 10
10 82 (0.91%) CentOS
10 82 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 59 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
12 50 (0.56%) Windows Server 2019
13 36 (0.40%) Ubuntu
14 33 (0.37%) Windows 7
15 32 (0.36%) Debian
16 26 (0.29%) Solaris
17 20 (0.22%) Kali Linux
18 15 (0.17%) HPUX
18 15 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,911 (32.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,586 (17.69%) DevOps
3 1,437 (16.03%) Business Intelligence
4 1,124 (12.54%) Analytics
5 1,103 (12.30%) Software Engineering
6 1,002 (11.18%) MVC
7 918 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
8 899 (10.03%) Scrum
9 860 (9.59%) Microservices
10 830 (9.26%) ETL
11 827 (9.23%) TDD
12 722 (8.05%) Test Automation
13 686 (7.65%) Computer Science
14 655 (7.31%) Mentoring
15 641 (7.15%) Data Modelling
16 602 (6.72%) Continuous Integration
17 537 (5.99%) OO
18 535 (5.97%) Asset Management
19 532 (5.93%) SDLC
20 497 (5.54%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,685 (29.95%) C#
2 2,303 (25.69%) JavaScript
3 2,001 (22.32%) Python
4 1,667 (18.60%) Java
5 1,075 (11.99%) T-SQL
6 566 (6.31%) PowerShell
7 399 (4.45%) TypeScript
8 395 (4.41%) R
9 389 (4.34%) PL/SQL
10 339 (3.78%) C++
11 311 (3.47%) PHP
12 201 (2.24%) Bash Shell
13 193 (2.15%) Scala
14 189 (2.11%) VB.NET
15 167 (1.86%) Shell Script
16 164 (1.83%) VBA
17 151 (1.68%) C
18 139 (1.55%) Java 8
19 136 (1.52%) Kotlin
20 120 (1.34%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,178 (13.14%) Degree
2 325 (3.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 268 (2.99%) Security Cleared
4 212 (2.37%) SC Cleared
5 179 (2.00%) Microsoft Certification
6 80 (0.89%) MCSA
7 78 (0.87%) MCSE
8 77 (0.86%) PhD
9 66 (0.74%) DV Cleared
10 65 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
11 51 (0.57%) Sun Certification
12 45 (0.50%) AWS Certification
12 45 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
12 45 (0.50%) ISTQB
13 43 (0.48%) CCNA
14 42 (0.47%) CISSP
14 42 (0.47%) ISEB
15 40 (0.45%) Master's Degree
16 38 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
17 36 (0.40%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 445 (4.96%) QA
2 200 (2.23%) Data Quality
3 163 (1.82%) SLA
4 95 (1.06%) GDPR
5 43 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 41 (0.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 24 (0.27%) PMO
8 23 (0.26%) NIST
9 20 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 16 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 10 (0.11%) MiFID
12 9 (0.10%) GxP
13 6 (0.067%) COBIT
13 6 (0.067%) IFRS
13 6 (0.067%) ISO 20022
14 5 (0.056%) EMIR
14 5 (0.056%) HIPAA
15 4 (0.045%) Basel III
15 4 (0.045%) FINRA
15 4 (0.045%) GPG13
System Software
1 855 (9.54%) Docker
2 508 (5.67%) Active Directory
3 227 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 170 (1.90%) Hyper-V
5 65 (0.73%) vSphere
6 58 (0.65%) HDFS
7 51 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
8 38 (0.42%) XenApp
9 26 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
10 25 (0.28%) VirtualBox
11 24 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
11 24 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
12 22 (0.25%) XenDesktop
13 17 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
14 14 (0.16%) Snort
15 12 (0.13%) Terminal Services
16 10 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 10 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 8 (0.089%) Apache Flume
17 8 (0.089%) KVM
Systems Management
1 654 (7.30%) Kubernetes
2 307 (3.42%) Terraform
3 232 (2.59%) Ansible
4 157 (1.75%) Puppet
5 105 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
6 88 (0.98%) SCCM
7 87 (0.97%) Grafana
8 56 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
9 48 (0.54%) Prometheus
10 43 (0.48%) WSUS
11 41 (0.46%) Kibana
12 34 (0.38%) SCOM
13 29 (0.32%) Graphite
13 29 (0.32%) Nessus
14 28 (0.31%) Control-M
15 25 (0.28%) logstash
15 25 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
16 23 (0.26%) SCVMM
17 20 (0.22%) Nagios
17 20 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 2,157 (24.06%) Microsoft
2 1,020 (11.38%) Oracle
3 417 (4.65%) Tableau
4 371 (4.14%) VMware
5 362 (4.04%) Google
6 182 (2.03%) SAP
7 178 (1.99%) Bloomberg
8 160 (1.78%) IBM
9 158 (1.76%) Databricks
10 136 (1.52%) Cisco
11 130 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
12 124 (1.38%) Splunk
13 104 (1.16%) Citrix
14 98 (1.09%) Atlassian
15 94 (1.05%) ServiceNow
16 90 (1.00%) Informatica
17 81 (0.90%) Talend
18 78 (0.87%) Xamarin
19 71 (0.79%) Red Hat
20 62 (0.69%) Cloudera