Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 3 4 4
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 28,301 36,191 35,453
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.63% 21.07% 21.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.18% 37.63% 38.15%
Number of salaries quoted 23,753 30,354 30,302
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £79,000 £75,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 78,216 96,165 92,934
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.26% 55.99% 55.04%
Number of salaries quoted 63,967 80,265 78,947
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 26,146 £50,000 +5.26% 2,112
UK excluding London 0 16,202 £42,500 - 1,487
London 0 11,587 £60,000 +4.35% 739
South East +1 5,188 £45,000 - 337
North of England 0 3,783 £42,500 - 449
Midlands -1 2,429 £40,000 - 294
North West 0 1,850 £42,500 - 234
South West 0 1,746 £40,000 - 147
Yorkshire 0 1,662 £42,500 - 188
West Midlands 0 1,483 £42,500 +5.26% 172
East of England -1 1,391 £45,000 - 152
Scotland 0 1,223 £45,000 +3.45% 61
East Midlands +1 940 £39,375 -1.56% 121
Wales -1 300 £37,500 -2.60% 37
North East +2 277 £40,000 -5.88% 27
Northern Ireland +5 192 £40,000 +12.68% 13
Isle of Man -1 8 £55,000 +35.80% 1
Channel Islands 0 4 £52,500 +16.67% 2

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 9,364 (33.09%) C#
2 9,320 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
3 8,831 (31.20%) SQL Server
4 8,557 (30.24%) .NET
5 6,743 (23.83%) Microsoft
6 6,716 (23.73%) JavaScript
7 6,483 (22.91%) Finance
8 5,840 (20.64%) Java
9 5,284 (18.67%) Microsoft Azure
10 4,667 (16.49%) HTML
11 4,659 (16.46%) Business Intelligence
12 4,479 (15.83%) Python
13 4,263 (15.06%) ASP.NET
14 4,241 (14.99%) Windows
15 4,109 (14.52%) CSS
16 3,973 (14.04%) Oracle
17 3,937 (13.91%) T-SQL
18 3,872 (13.68%) MVC
19 3,788 (13.38%) Degree
20 3,455 (12.21%) Linux
21 3,383 (11.95%) Amazon AWS
21 3,383 (11.95%) Problem-Solving
22 3,335 (11.78%) Software Engineering
23 3,202 (11.31%) Analytics
24 3,141 (11.10%) Analytical Skills
25 2,950 (10.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
26 2,894 (10.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
27 2,855 (10.09%) Git (software)
28 2,794 (9.87%) DevOps
29 2,753 (9.73%) TDD

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,098 (3.88%) IIS
2 1,078 (3.81%) SharePoint
3 880 (3.11%) Apache Spark
4 688 (2.43%) Apache
5 550 (1.94%) Tomcat
6 499 (1.76%) SAS
7 484 (1.71%) Elasticsearch
8 405 (1.43%) Confluence
9 353 (1.25%) MS Exchange
10 302 (1.07%) CMS
11 253 (0.89%) Oracle Workflow
12 221 (0.78%) JBoss
13 206 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
14 180 (0.64%) Umbraco
15 170 (0.60%) WebLogic
16 167 (0.59%) WebSphere
17 131 (0.46%) Apache Pig
18 130 (0.46%) nginx
19 116 (0.41%) Apache Solr
19 116 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1,387 (4.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 981 (3.47%) Microsoft Office
3 202 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 117 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 98 (0.35%) SPSS
6 63 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 50 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 43 (0.15%) Chatbot
9 26 (0.092%) Stata
10 23 (0.081%) Photoshop
11 22 (0.078%) AutoCAD
12 19 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 18 (0.064%) Sketch
14 12 (0.042%) InfoPath
15 11 (0.039%) Zeplin
16 10 (0.035%) HipChat
17 9 (0.032%) InVision
18 5 (0.018%) Maple
18 5 (0.018%) PrintSoft PReS
18 5 (0.018%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 458 (1.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 233 (0.82%) Oracle EBS
3 187 (0.66%) Dynamics AX
4 130 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
4 130 (0.46%) thinkFolio
5 107 (0.38%) Magento
6 102 (0.36%) Markit EDM
7 95 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
8 69 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
9 62 (0.22%) Front Arena
9 62 (0.22%) NetSuite
10 61 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
11 56 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
12 51 (0.18%) Oracle Payroll
13 49 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
14 48 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
15 47 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
16 45 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
17 43 (0.15%) Oracle General Ledger
17 43 (0.15%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 5,284 (18.67%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,383 (11.95%) Amazon AWS
3 2,074 (7.33%) Power Platform
4 1,008 (3.56%) SaaS
5 959 (3.39%) Office 365
6 811 (2.87%) Google Cloud Platform
7 486 (1.72%) PaaS
8 420 (1.48%) Serverless
9 408 (1.44%) GitHub
10 338 (1.19%) IaaS
11 288 (1.02%) Azure Data Factory
12 267 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
13 246 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
14 239 (0.84%) Amazon S3
15 237 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
16 228 (0.81%) Azure Active Directory
17 177 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
18 158 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
19 142 (0.50%) Azure Functions
19 142 (0.50%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 695 (2.46%) Firewall
2 577 (2.04%) DNS
3 484 (1.71%) TCP/IP
4 403 (1.42%) WAN
5 375 (1.33%) SAN
6 362 (1.28%) LAN
7 334 (1.18%) DHCP
8 325 (1.15%) Internet
9 303 (1.07%) HTTP
10 261 (0.92%) VPN
11 211 (0.75%) SSL
12 187 (0.66%) VoIP
13 178 (0.63%) VLAN
14 139 (0.49%) Network Security
15 122 (0.43%) Skype
16 116 (0.41%) Wireless
17 114 (0.40%) Intranet
18 111 (0.39%) Broadband
19 110 (0.39%) FTP
20 108 (0.38%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,831 (31.20%) SQL Server
2 2,950 (10.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,894 (10.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,721 (9.61%) Data Warehouse
5 2,194 (7.75%) Relational Database
6 2,190 (7.74%) NoSQL
7 2,033 (7.18%) Power BI
8 1,670 (5.90%) MySQL
9 1,656 (5.85%) Big Data
10 1,574 (5.56%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 1,150 (4.06%) Hadoop
12 1,081 (3.82%) PostgreSQL
13 991 (3.50%) MongoDB
14 807 (2.85%) Oracle Database
15 776 (2.74%) SQL Server 2012
16 769 (2.72%) Azure SQL Database
17 725 (2.56%) SQL Server 2008
18 689 (2.43%) QlikView
19 686 (2.42%) RDBMS
20 597 (2.11%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,855 (10.09%) Git (software)
2 1,582 (5.59%) Visual Studio
3 1,456 (5.14%) JIRA
4 1,314 (4.64%) Jenkins
5 1,288 (4.55%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,075 (3.80%) Selenium
7 610 (2.16%) TeamCity
8 550 (1.94%) Cucumber
9 527 (1.86%) Subversion
10 458 (1.62%) Maven
11 422 (1.49%) Visual Studio Team System
12 406 (1.43%) JUnit
13 371 (1.31%) Octopus Deploy
14 348 (1.23%) SpecFlow
15 329 (1.16%) NUnit
16 274 (0.97%) SoapUI
17 260 (0.92%) WebDriver
18 252 (0.89%) Oracle Forms
19 248 (0.88%) Eclipse
20 239 (0.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 6,483 (22.91%) Finance
2 1,839 (6.50%) Banking
3 1,307 (4.62%) Marketing
4 1,266 (4.47%) Retail
5 752 (2.66%) Front Office
6 570 (2.01%) Manufacturing
7 541 (1.91%) Telecoms
8 436 (1.54%) Games
9 418 (1.48%) Law
10 416 (1.47%) Legal
11 410 (1.45%) Investment Banking
12 373 (1.32%) Advertising
13 282 (1.00%) Back Office
14 252 (0.89%) Financial Institution
15 213 (0.75%) Electronics
16 125 (0.44%) Billing
17 87 (0.31%) German Language
17 87 (0.31%) Publishing
18 86 (0.30%) Automotive
19 83 (0.29%) French Language
Job Titles
1 12,380 (43.74%) Developer
2 4,671 (16.50%) Analyst
3 3,321 (11.73%) .NET Developer
4 3,139 (11.09%) C# Developer
5 2,180 (7.70%) SQL Developer
6 2,057 (7.27%) Software Developer
7 1,945 (6.87%) C# .NET Developer
8 1,935 (6.84%) Senior Developer
9 1,677 (5.93%) Java Developer
10 1,416 (5.00%) Applications Support
11 1,330 (4.70%) Software Engineer
12 1,271 (4.49%) Support Analyst
13 1,157 (4.09%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 1,032 (3.65%) Architect
15 1,022 (3.61%) DBA
16 1,020 (3.60%) Junior
17 991 (3.50%) Consultant
18 920 (3.25%) Data Analyst
19 815 (2.88%) Data Engineer
20 801 (2.83%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,557 (30.24%) .NET
2 4,667 (16.49%) HTML
3 4,263 (15.06%) ASP.NET
4 4,109 (14.52%) CSS
5 2,660 (9.40%) AngularJS
6 2,577 (9.11%) Web Services
7 2,288 (8.08%) XML
8 1,834 (6.48%) .NET Framework
9 1,814 (6.41%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,722 (6.08%) ASP.NET Web API
11 1,720 (6.08%) jQuery
12 1,500 (5.30%) Spring
13 1,497 (5.29%) REST
14 1,425 (5.04%) React
15 1,359 (4.80%) RESTful
16 1,193 (4.22%) JSON
17 1,157 (4.09%) .NET Core
18 1,155 (4.08%) SOAP
19 1,117 (3.95%) HTML5
20 1,014 (3.58%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 3,141 (11.10%) Analytical Skills
2 1,261 (4.46%) Fintech
3 1,246 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
4 904 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
5 807 (2.85%) Enterprise Software
6 704 (2.49%) Algorithms
7 645 (2.28%) Hedge funds
8 619 (2.19%) Management Information System
9 611 (2.16%) Data Structures
10 596 (2.11%) User Experience
11 560 (1.98%) Fixed Income
12 555 (1.96%) Mobile App
13 545 (1.93%) Equities
14 530 (1.87%) Derivative
15 517 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 422 (1.49%) Clustering
17 371 (1.31%) Data Centre
18 368 (1.30%) Replication
19 246 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
20 222 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,241 (14.99%) Windows
2 3,455 (12.21%) Linux
3 1,737 (6.14%) Unix
4 1,591 (5.62%) Windows Server
5 464 (1.64%) Windows Server 2012
6 409 (1.45%) Windows Server 2008
7 407 (1.44%) Android
8 343 (1.21%) Apple iOS
9 302 (1.07%) Windows 10
10 272 (0.96%) Windows 7
11 230 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 174 (0.61%) CentOS
13 150 (0.53%) Ubuntu
14 123 (0.43%) AIX
15 114 (0.40%) Solaris
16 111 (0.39%) Debian
17 108 (0.38%) Windows 8
18 82 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
19 59 (0.21%) Mac OS
20 47 (0.17%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,320 (32.93%) Agile Software Development
2 4,659 (16.46%) Business Intelligence
3 3,872 (13.68%) MVC
4 3,383 (11.95%) Problem-Solving
5 3,335 (11.78%) Software Engineering
6 3,202 (11.31%) Analytics
7 2,794 (9.87%) DevOps
8 2,753 (9.73%) TDD
9 2,731 (9.65%) Scrum
10 2,639 (9.32%) Test Automation
11 2,618 (9.25%) ETL
12 2,157 (7.62%) Computer Science
13 2,062 (7.29%) SDLC
14 1,983 (7.01%) OO
15 1,863 (6.58%) Continuous Integration
16 1,713 (6.05%) Data Modelling
17 1,529 (5.40%) ITIL
18 1,525 (5.39%) Visualisation
19 1,473 (5.20%) Microservices
20 1,471 (5.20%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 9,364 (33.09%) C#
2 6,716 (23.73%) JavaScript
3 5,840 (20.64%) Java
4 4,479 (15.83%) Python
5 3,937 (13.91%) T-SQL
6 1,726 (6.10%) PowerShell
7 1,591 (5.62%) PL/SQL
8 1,259 (4.45%) C++
9 1,107 (3.91%) R
10 1,104 (3.90%) PHP
11 767 (2.71%) VB.NET
12 737 (2.60%) C
12 737 (2.60%) VBA
13 735 (2.60%) Scala
14 578 (2.04%) VB
15 549 (1.94%) Bash Shell
16 524 (1.85%) TypeScript
17 518 (1.83%) Perl
18 512 (1.81%) Shell Script
19 480 (1.70%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 3,788 (13.38%) Degree
2 876 (3.10%) Computer Science Degree
3 757 (2.67%) Security Cleared
4 595 (2.10%) Microsoft Certification
5 385 (1.36%) SC Cleared
6 347 (1.23%) ISTQB
7 297 (1.05%) ISEB
8 233 (0.82%) MCSE
9 209 (0.74%) MCSA
10 187 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
11 173 (0.61%) Master's Degree
12 171 (0.60%) PhD
13 162 (0.57%) DV Cleared
14 141 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
15 138 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 113 (0.40%) MCP
17 110 (0.39%) CCNA
18 103 (0.36%) HND
19 89 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
20 82 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,876 (6.63%) QA
2 674 (2.38%) Data Quality
3 507 (1.79%) SLA
4 375 (1.33%) GDPR
5 177 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 70 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 54 (0.19%) PMO
8 48 (0.17%) HL7
9 44 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 42 (0.15%) MiFID
11 39 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
12 36 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
12 36 (0.13%) Solvency II
13 33 (0.12%) ISO 9001
14 32 (0.11%) HIPAA
15 28 (0.099%) COBIT
16 26 (0.092%) DICOM
17 23 (0.081%) ISO 20022
18 20 (0.071%) WAI
19 18 (0.064%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,578 (5.58%) Active Directory
2 1,431 (5.06%) Docker
3 963 (3.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 692 (2.45%) Hyper-V
5 214 (0.76%) XenApp
6 189 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
7 168 (0.59%) vSphere
8 148 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
9 122 (0.43%) XenDesktop
10 121 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 110 (0.39%) HDFS
12 86 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
13 75 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
14 63 (0.22%) Apache Flume
15 51 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
16 48 (0.17%) VirtualBox
17 40 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
18 39 (0.14%) Terminal Services
19 29 (0.10%) Xen
20 27 (0.095%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 771 (2.72%) Kubernetes
2 681 (2.41%) Ansible
3 504 (1.78%) Puppet
4 403 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
5 398 (1.41%) Terraform
6 354 (1.25%) SCCM
7 157 (0.55%) SCOM
8 141 (0.50%) Oozie
9 125 (0.44%) Nagios
10 115 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
11 111 (0.39%) Kibana
12 78 (0.28%) Data Guard
12 78 (0.28%) WSUS
13 75 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
13 75 (0.27%) Prometheus
14 74 (0.26%) Failover Clustering
14 74 (0.26%) HP ALM
15 73 (0.26%) ZABBIX
16 70 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
17 69 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 6,743 (23.83%) Microsoft
2 3,973 (14.04%) Oracle
3 1,542 (5.45%) Tableau
4 1,361 (4.81%) VMware
5 865 (3.06%) Google
6 849 (3.00%) SAP
7 542 (1.92%) Citrix
8 528 (1.87%) Cisco
9 504 (1.78%) IBM
10 428 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
11 324 (1.14%) HP
12 294 (1.04%) Red Hat
13 273 (0.96%) Informatica
14 236 (0.83%) Xamarin
15 230 (0.81%) Cloudera
16 203 (0.72%) Atlassian
17 187 (0.66%) Cognos
18 184 (0.65%) Talend
19 181 (0.64%) Veeam
20 178 (0.63%) Adobe