Period
to 5 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 5 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 10,772 24,902 32,883
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 19.07% 18.43% 20.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.31% 34.26% 36.64%
Number of salaries quoted 10,939 22,070 28,984
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £29,883
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +10.47% +1.18% +1.19%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,339 72,695 89,747
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.02% 53.81% 55.13%
Number of salaries quoted 28,564 60,055 74,701
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 9,779 £52,500 +5.00% 2,007
UK excluding London -2 6,270 £47,500 +10.47% 1,436
London -4 4,079 £65,000 +4.84% 718
North of England 0 1,782 £48,000 +12.94% 423
Work from Home +4 1,724 £50,000 - 381
South East -2 1,654 £50,000 +11.11% 337
Midlands 0 1,066 £46,125 +8.53% 247
North West 0 941 £50,000 +17.65% 247
South West 0 711 £45,500 +9.64% 152
Yorkshire 0 702 £47,500 +11.76% 137
West Midlands -1 638 £45,000 - 148
East Midlands +4 424 £47,500 +18.75% 99
East of England -1 398 £47,500 +1.60% 122
Scotland -3 389 £47,500 +11.76% 90
Wales +2 218 £44,250 +7.93% 33
North East -1 138 £47,500 +12.62% 39
Northern Ireland 0 59 £42,500 +13.33% 32
Isle of Man 0 10 £48,500 +29.33% 1
Channel Islands 0 4 £55,000 -8.33%

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,463 (32.15%) Azure
2 3,420 (31.75%) Agile Software Development
3 3,219 (29.88%) C#
4 2,968 (27.55%) .NET
5 2,917 (27.08%) SQL Server
6 2,824 (26.22%) JavaScript
7 2,503 (23.24%) Python
8 2,473 (22.96%) Microsoft
9 2,320 (21.54%) Finance
10 2,134 (19.81%) Java
11 2,098 (19.48%) DevOps
12 1,980 (18.38%) AWS
13 1,754 (16.28%) Business Intelligence
14 1,681 (15.61%) HTML
15 1,563 (14.51%) CSS
16 1,409 (13.08%) Analytics
17 1,360 (12.63%) Degree
18 1,345 (12.49%) Git (software)
19 1,334 (12.38%) Software Engineering
20 1,299 (12.06%) AngularJS
21 1,296 (12.03%) Windows
22 1,202 (11.16%) Oracle
23 1,200 (11.14%) T-SQL
24 1,163 (10.80%) Power Platform
25 1,137 (10.56%) Scrum
26 1,132 (10.51%) .NET Core
27 1,131 (10.50%) Microservices
28 1,126 (10.45%) MVC
29 1,110 (10.30%) NoSQL
30 1,093 (10.15%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 416 (3.86%) SharePoint
2 347 (3.22%) Apache Spark
3 309 (2.87%) Apache
4 273 (2.53%) IIS
5 262 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
6 230 (2.14%) Confluence
7 153 (1.42%) SAS
8 109 (1.01%) CMS
9 86 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
10 77 (0.71%) MS Exchange
11 76 (0.71%) nginx
12 72 (0.67%) Tomcat
13 57 (0.53%) WebSphere
14 51 (0.47%) NServiceBus
14 51 (0.47%) WebLogic
15 45 (0.42%) Skype for Business
16 32 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2013
17 31 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 29 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
19 27 (0.25%) Mule
Applications
1 471 (4.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 208 (1.93%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 43 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 29 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 20 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.12%) SPSS
8 11 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 11 (0.10%) InVision
8 11 (0.10%) Sketch
9 5 (0.046%) Adobe XD
9 5 (0.046%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.028%) Acrobat
10 3 (0.028%) SPSS Modeler
11 2 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.019%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.019%) Quantrix
11 2 (0.019%) SOLIDWORKS
11 2 (0.019%) S-PLUS
11 2 (0.019%) Stata
Business Applications
1 208 (1.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 86 (0.80%) Markit EDM
3 77 (0.71%) Eagle PACE
4 51 (0.47%) PolarLake
5 44 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
6 37 (0.34%) NetSuite
7 25 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
8 22 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
9 18 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
9 18 (0.17%) SAP Business One
9 18 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 17 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
10 17 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
11 15 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
11 15 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
12 14 (0.13%) Magento
12 14 (0.13%) Northgate Housing
12 14 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
13 13 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
14 10 (0.093%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 3,463 (32.15%) Azure
2 1,980 (18.38%) AWS
3 1,163 (10.80%) Power Platform
4 605 (5.62%) GCP
5 475 (4.41%) Serverless
6 432 (4.01%) Office 365
7 414 (3.84%) SaaS
8 346 (3.21%) PaaS
9 296 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
10 271 (2.52%) Azure Data Factory
11 259 (2.40%) Amazon S3
12 251 (2.33%) IaaS
13 212 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
14 204 (1.89%) GitHub
15 193 (1.79%) Dynamics 365
16 174 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
17 162 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
18 77 (0.71%) Azure Functions
19 74 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
20 71 (0.66%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 200 (1.86%) Firewall
2 185 (1.72%) DNS
3 145 (1.35%) HTTP
4 135 (1.25%) TCP/IP
5 117 (1.09%) VPN
6 111 (1.03%) Skype
7 105 (0.97%) WAN
8 104 (0.97%) DHCP
9 96 (0.89%) Internet
10 95 (0.88%) SAN
11 88 (0.82%) LAN
12 54 (0.50%) VoIP
13 52 (0.48%) Network Security
14 41 (0.38%) Remote Desktop
15 35 (0.32%) Wireless
16 30 (0.28%) VLAN
17 27 (0.25%) SSH
18 26 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
19 24 (0.22%) FTP
20 23 (0.21%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,917 (27.08%) SQL Server
2 1,110 (10.30%) NoSQL
3 1,093 (10.15%) Data Warehouse
4 1,066 (9.90%) Power BI
5 992 (9.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 896 (8.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 718 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
8 640 (5.94%) Relational Database
9 610 (5.66%) MySQL
10 561 (5.21%) Big Data
11 533 (4.95%) Tableau
12 527 (4.89%) Azure SQL Database
13 420 (3.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 393 (3.65%) MongoDB
15 339 (3.15%) Data Lake
16 303 (2.81%) Hadoop
17 269 (2.50%) Amazon Redshift
18 248 (2.30%) Oracle Database
19 247 (2.29%) Redis
20 202 (1.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,345 (12.49%) Git (software)
2 633 (5.88%) JIRA
3 580 (5.38%) Jenkins
4 411 (3.82%) Selenium
5 360 (3.34%) Team Foundation Server
6 313 (2.91%) Visual Studio
7 225 (2.09%) Subversion
8 190 (1.76%) JUnit
9 188 (1.75%) Maven
10 171 (1.59%) TeamCity
11 160 (1.49%) Bitbucket
12 136 (1.26%) SpecFlow
13 133 (1.23%) GitLab
14 128 (1.19%) Visual Studio Team System
15 127 (1.18%) Cucumber
16 121 (1.12%) NUnit
17 120 (1.11%) Artifactory
18 119 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
19 115 (1.07%) Gradle
20 108 (1.00%) Mercurial
General
1 2,320 (21.54%) Finance
2 468 (4.34%) Banking
3 415 (3.85%) Front Office
4 318 (2.95%) Public Sector
5 317 (2.94%) Retail
6 316 (2.93%) Marketing
7 256 (2.38%) Back Office
8 194 (1.80%) Manufacturing
9 185 (1.72%) Law
10 135 (1.25%) Telecoms
11 114 (1.06%) Games
12 109 (1.01%) Legal
13 107 (0.99%) Advertising
14 101 (0.94%) Investment Banking
15 77 (0.71%) Financial Institution
16 53 (0.49%) Electronics
17 40 (0.37%) Private Banking
18 39 (0.36%) Publishing
19 34 (0.32%) Billing
20 32 (0.30%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,705 (43.68%) Developer
2 1,422 (13.20%) Analyst
3 1,016 (9.43%) .NET Developer
4 996 (9.25%) Senior Developer
5 776 (7.20%) C# Developer
6 747 (6.93%) Software Engineer
7 649 (6.02%) Software Developer
8 591 (5.49%) Data Engineer
9 571 (5.30%) SQL Developer
10 508 (4.72%) Java Developer
11 485 (4.50%) Full Stack Developer
12 414 (3.84%) Architect
13 402 (3.73%) C# .NET Developer
14 380 (3.53%) Applications Support
15 367 (3.41%) Python Developer
16 358 (3.32%) Data Analyst
17 355 (3.30%) Azure Engineer
18 350 (3.25%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 302 (2.80%) DBA
20 297 (2.76%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,968 (27.55%) .NET
2 1,681 (15.61%) HTML
3 1,563 (14.51%) CSS
4 1,299 (12.06%) AngularJS
5 1,132 (10.51%) .NET Core
6 1,085 (10.07%) ASP.NET
7 1,057 (9.81%) React
8 1,028 (9.54%) Web Services
9 777 (7.21%) REST
10 765 (7.10%) .NET Framework
11 586 (5.44%) ASP.NET Web API
12 571 (5.30%) jQuery
13 556 (5.16%) Node.js
14 538 (4.99%) XML
15 536 (4.98%) RESTful
16 510 (4.73%) Spring
17 476 (4.42%) HTML5
18 444 (4.12%) JSON
19 428 (3.97%) Vue.js
20 427 (3.96%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 1,080 (10.03%) Analytical Skills
2 465 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
3 447 (4.15%) Hedge funds
4 324 (3.01%) Fixed Income
5 323 (3.00%) Equities
6 300 (2.78%) Algorithms
7 291 (2.70%) Data Structures
8 281 (2.61%) Self-Motivation
9 265 (2.46%) Management Information System
10 262 (2.43%) Derivative
11 258 (2.40%) Mobile App
12 219 (2.03%) User Experience
13 194 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 154 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
15 153 (1.42%) Data Centre
16 140 (1.30%) Replication
17 119 (1.10%) Clustering
18 118 (1.10%) Public Cloud
19 103 (0.96%) Reference Data
20 91 (0.84%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 1,296 (12.03%) Windows
2 1,050 (9.75%) Linux
3 458 (4.25%) Windows Server
4 399 (3.70%) Unix
5 128 (1.19%) Android
6 117 (1.09%) Windows Server 2016
7 113 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
8 99 (0.92%) Windows 10
9 98 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 88 (0.82%) Apple iOS
11 80 (0.74%) CentOS
12 54 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
13 52 (0.48%) Windows Server 2019
14 34 (0.32%) Solaris
15 32 (0.30%) Ubuntu
16 27 (0.25%) Windows 7
17 25 (0.23%) Debian
18 19 (0.18%) AIX
19 18 (0.17%) VMS
20 14 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,420 (31.75%) Agile Software Development
2 2,098 (19.48%) DevOps
3 1,754 (16.28%) Business Intelligence
4 1,409 (13.08%) Analytics
5 1,334 (12.38%) Software Engineering
6 1,137 (10.56%) Scrum
7 1,131 (10.50%) Microservices
8 1,126 (10.45%) MVC
9 1,056 (9.80%) TDD
10 1,028 (9.54%) Problem-Solving
11 1,025 (9.52%) ETL
12 993 (9.22%) Test Automation
13 831 (7.71%) Continuous Integration
14 784 (7.28%) Computer Science
15 766 (7.11%) Mentoring
16 747 (6.93%) OO
17 705 (6.54%) Data Modelling
18 682 (6.33%) Visualisation
19 645 (5.99%) SDLC
20 602 (5.59%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 3,219 (29.88%) C#
2 2,824 (26.22%) JavaScript
3 2,503 (23.24%) Python
4 2,134 (19.81%) Java
5 1,200 (11.14%) T-SQL
6 640 (5.94%) PowerShell
7 549 (5.10%) TypeScript
8 461 (4.28%) C++
9 445 (4.13%) PL/SQL
10 424 (3.94%) PHP
11 380 (3.53%) R
12 257 (2.39%) Scala
13 220 (2.04%) Bash Shell
14 202 (1.88%) C
15 192 (1.78%) VB.NET
16 176 (1.63%) Shell Script
17 175 (1.62%) Go
18 166 (1.54%) Java 8
19 165 (1.53%) Kotlin
20 160 (1.49%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,360 (12.63%) Degree
2 346 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 334 (3.10%) Security Cleared
4 259 (2.40%) SC Cleared
5 189 (1.75%) Microsoft Certification
6 116 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
7 92 (0.85%) PhD
8 86 (0.80%) MCSE
9 77 (0.71%) ISTQB
10 71 (0.66%) DV Cleared
11 62 (0.58%) CCNA
11 62 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
12 60 (0.56%) MCSA
13 47 (0.44%) AWS Certification
14 46 (0.43%) ISEB
15 37 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
15 37 (0.34%) Sun Certification
16 36 (0.33%) Master's Degree
17 32 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
18 29 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 504 (4.68%) QA
2 249 (2.31%) Data Quality
3 157 (1.46%) SLA
4 115 (1.07%) GDPR
5 55 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 29 (0.27%) NIST
7 19 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 17 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.10%) PMO
10 9 (0.084%) IFRS
10 9 (0.084%) MiFID
11 7 (0.065%) COBIT
11 7 (0.065%) EMIR
11 7 (0.065%) ISO 9001
12 6 (0.056%) GPG13
12 6 (0.056%) HIPAA
12 6 (0.056%) ISO 13485
13 5 (0.046%) GAMP
13 5 (0.046%) GxP
14 3 (0.028%) TARGET2
System Software
1 1,064 (9.88%) Docker
2 572 (5.31%) Active Directory
3 256 (2.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 174 (1.62%) Hyper-V
5 66 (0.61%) HDFS
6 51 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 49 (0.45%) vSphere
8 43 (0.40%) XenApp
9 29 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
9 29 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
10 25 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
11 22 (0.20%) VirtualBox
11 22 (0.20%) XenDesktop
12 20 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
13 16 (0.15%) Firmware
14 10 (0.093%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 10 (0.093%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 10 (0.093%) Terminal Services
15 8 (0.074%) Postfix
16 7 (0.065%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 866 (8.04%) Kubernetes
2 492 (4.57%) Terraform
3 319 (2.96%) Ansible
4 164 (1.52%) Puppet
5 114 (1.06%) SCCM
6 112 (1.04%) Grafana
7 105 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
8 89 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
9 70 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 37 (0.34%) WSUS
11 28 (0.26%) Failover Clustering
11 28 (0.26%) Kibana
11 28 (0.26%) SCOM
12 27 (0.25%) Graphite
12 27 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
13 24 (0.22%) Nagios
14 22 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
15 21 (0.19%) Data Guard
15 21 (0.19%) MIIS
16 20 (0.19%) Control-M
Vendors
1 2,473 (22.96%) Microsoft
2 1,202 (11.16%) Oracle
3 441 (4.09%) Google
4 433 (4.02%) VMware
5 205 (1.90%) Databricks
6 166 (1.54%) SAP
7 158 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
8 137 (1.27%) Cisco
9 131 (1.22%) IBM
10 127 (1.18%) Citrix
11 122 (1.13%) Atlassian
12 118 (1.10%) Talend
13 116 (1.08%) Bloomberg
14 105 (0.97%) ServiceNow
15 104 (0.97%) Splunk
16 97 (0.90%) Informatica
16 97 (0.90%) Red Hat
17 96 (0.89%) EnterpriseDB
18 83 (0.77%) Xamarin
19 81 (0.75%) Cloudera