Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 13,761 22,933 30,173
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.60% 18.65% 19.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.81% 34.48% 36.36%
Number of salaries quoted 13,862 20,373 26,776
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,300 £29,813
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,937 66,516 82,976
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.70% 54.10% 54.95%
Number of salaries quoted 34,863 55,353 69,385
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 12,367 £52,500 +5.00% 2,533
UK excluding London -2 8,002 £47,500 +5.56% 1,864
London -4 5,066 £65,000 +4.00% 833
Work from Home +5 2,608 £50,000 - 598
North of England 0 2,237 £47,500 +10.47% 489
South East -2 2,092 £50,000 +11.11% 446
Midlands -1 1,418 £45,000 +5.88% 400
North West 0 1,130 £47,500 +5.56% 272
South West -1 933 £45,000 +5.88% 211
Yorkshire -1 924 £47,500 +11.76% 165
West Midlands -1 857 £45,000 - 258
East Midlands +5 557 £44,500 +11.25% 140
Scotland -2 545 £47,500 +5.56% 110
East of England -1 466 £47,500 - 145
Wales 0 230 £42,500 - 45
North East +2 183 £47,500 +18.23% 52
Northern Ireland 0 77 £42,500 +6.25% 18
Isle of Man 0 28 £49,500 +4.21% 1
Channel Islands -4 1 £40,000 -37.25%

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,412 (32.06%) Azure
2 4,250 (30.88%) C#
3 4,204 (30.55%) Agile Software Development
4 3,730 (27.11%) .NET
5 3,720 (27.03%) JavaScript
6 3,415 (24.82%) SQL Server
7 3,292 (23.92%) Python
8 3,130 (22.75%) Microsoft
9 2,825 (20.53%) Finance
10 2,667 (19.38%) Java
11 2,561 (18.61%) DevOps
12 2,417 (17.56%) AWS
13 2,366 (17.19%) Business Intelligence
14 2,188 (15.90%) HTML
15 2,096 (15.23%) CSS
16 1,952 (14.19%) Analytics
17 1,854 (13.47%) Software Engineering
18 1,728 (12.56%) Degree
19 1,623 (11.79%) Git (software)
20 1,618 (11.76%) Power Platform
21 1,553 (11.29%) Windows
22 1,519 (11.04%) Docker
23 1,506 (10.94%) AngularJS
24 1,488 (10.81%) T-SQL
25 1,485 (10.79%) .NET Core
26 1,483 (10.78%) Power BI
27 1,481 (10.76%) MVC
28 1,476 (10.73%) Microservices
29 1,470 (10.68%) Analytical Skills
30 1,430 (10.39%) Oracle

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 566 (4.11%) SharePoint
2 438 (3.18%) Apache Spark
3 290 (2.11%) Apache
4 277 (2.01%) IIS
5 245 (1.78%) Confluence
5 245 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
6 214 (1.56%) SAS
7 168 (1.22%) CMS
8 160 (1.16%) Apache Airflow
9 101 (0.73%) MS Exchange
10 93 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 92 (0.67%) nginx
12 61 (0.44%) WebSphere
13 53 (0.39%) WebLogic
14 51 (0.37%) Luigi
15 49 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
16 48 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 44 (0.32%) EPiServer
18 43 (0.31%) NServiceBus
19 41 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 713 (5.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 332 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 73 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.42%) MS Visio
5 45 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
6 30 (0.22%) SPSS
7 15 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.087%) InVision
8 12 (0.087%) Sketch
9 11 (0.080%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.044%) AutoCAD
10 6 (0.044%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.044%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.036%) Adobe XD
12 4 (0.029%) Gliffy
12 4 (0.029%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.029%) Stata
13 3 (0.022%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.022%) SPSS Modeler
14 2 (0.015%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 285 (2.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 78 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
3 69 (0.50%) NetSuite
4 53 (0.39%) Dynamics NAV
5 34 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
6 32 (0.23%) SAP Business One
7 28 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
8 27 (0.20%) Magento
9 26 (0.19%) Markit EDM
10 22 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
11 20 (0.15%) Eagle PACE
11 20 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 17 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
12 17 (0.12%) Summit
13 16 (0.12%) Elite 3E
13 16 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
13 16 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
14 15 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
14 15 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
15 14 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 4,412 (32.06%) Azure
2 2,417 (17.56%) AWS
3 1,618 (11.76%) Power Platform
4 716 (5.20%) GCP
5 621 (4.51%) SaaS
6 611 (4.44%) Serverless
7 544 (3.95%) Microsoft 365
8 486 (3.53%) PaaS
9 394 (2.86%) Azure Data Factory
10 315 (2.29%) IaaS
11 313 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
12 292 (2.12%) Azure Active Directory
13 291 (2.11%) Dynamics 365
14 266 (1.93%) Amazon S3
15 233 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
16 203 (1.48%) GitHub
17 154 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
18 147 (1.07%) Azure Functions
19 127 (0.92%) PowerApps
20 120 (0.87%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 279 (2.03%) Firewall
2 189 (1.37%) DNS
3 145 (1.05%) HTTP
4 140 (1.02%) TCP/IP
5 121 (0.88%) DHCP
6 116 (0.84%) WAN
7 114 (0.83%) SAN
8 105 (0.76%) VPN
9 92 (0.67%) Internet
10 89 (0.65%) LAN
11 70 (0.51%) VoIP
12 67 (0.49%) Skype
13 46 (0.33%) Network Security
14 41 (0.30%) SSH
14 41 (0.30%) VLAN
15 38 (0.28%) Remote Desktop
16 34 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
17 33 (0.24%) Intranet
18 31 (0.23%) Wireless
19 30 (0.22%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,415 (24.82%) SQL Server
2 1,483 (10.78%) Power BI
3 1,430 (10.39%) Data Warehouse
4 1,330 (9.66%) NoSQL
5 1,279 (9.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,246 (9.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 862 (6.26%) PostgreSQL
7 862 (6.26%) Relational Database
8 813 (5.91%) MySQL
9 736 (5.35%) Azure SQL Database
10 704 (5.12%) Tableau
11 669 (4.86%) Big Data
12 569 (4.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 529 (3.84%) MongoDB
14 417 (3.03%) Data Lake
15 399 (2.90%) Hadoop
16 336 (2.44%) Amazon Redshift
17 292 (2.12%) Redis
18 260 (1.89%) Oracle Database
19 231 (1.68%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,623 (11.79%) Git (software)
2 783 (5.69%) Jenkins
3 671 (4.88%) JIRA
4 477 (3.47%) Selenium
5 452 (3.28%) Visual Studio
6 411 (2.99%) Team Foundation Server
7 235 (1.71%) Subversion
8 232 (1.69%) Maven
9 217 (1.58%) JUnit
10 193 (1.40%) TeamCity
11 190 (1.38%) Bitbucket
12 187 (1.36%) Cucumber
13 177 (1.29%) Visual Studio Team System
14 156 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
15 141 (1.02%) Gradle
16 130 (0.94%) SpecFlow
17 128 (0.93%) NUnit
18 124 (0.90%) GitLab
19 113 (0.82%) Artifactory
20 109 (0.79%) Mercurial
General
1 2,825 (20.53%) Finance
2 580 (4.21%) Banking
3 527 (3.83%) Marketing
4 426 (3.10%) Retail
5 365 (2.65%) Public Sector
6 323 (2.35%) Front Office
7 275 (2.00%) Manufacturing
8 272 (1.98%) Law
9 239 (1.74%) Back Office
10 195 (1.42%) Games
11 192 (1.40%) Telecoms
12 160 (1.16%) Advertising
13 159 (1.16%) Legal
14 100 (0.73%) Multimedia
15 92 (0.67%) Financial Institution
16 90 (0.65%) Investment Banking
17 84 (0.61%) Electronics
18 58 (0.42%) Billing
19 56 (0.41%) Aerospace
20 49 (0.36%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 6,053 (43.99%) Developer
2 1,853 (13.47%) Analyst
3 1,340 (9.74%) .NET Developer
4 1,246 (9.05%) Senior Developer
5 1,103 (8.02%) C# Developer
6 955 (6.94%) Software Engineer
7 920 (6.69%) Software Developer
8 820 (5.96%) Data Engineer
9 740 (5.38%) Full Stack Developer
10 718 (5.22%) SQL Developer
11 635 (4.61%) Java Developer
12 601 (4.37%) C# .NET Developer
13 529 (3.84%) Azure Engineer
13 529 (3.84%) Data Analyst
14 511 (3.71%) Applications Support
15 435 (3.16%) Architect
16 434 (3.15%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 431 (3.13%) Python Developer
18 381 (2.77%) Consultant
19 372 (2.70%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,730 (27.11%) .NET
2 2,188 (15.90%) HTML
3 2,096 (15.23%) CSS
4 1,506 (10.94%) AngularJS
5 1,485 (10.79%) .NET Core
6 1,422 (10.33%) React
7 1,307 (9.50%) ASP.NET
8 1,125 (8.18%) Web Services
9 921 (6.69%) .NET Framework
10 917 (6.66%) REST
11 712 (5.17%) jQuery
12 702 (5.10%) Node.js
13 665 (4.83%) RESTful
14 663 (4.82%) XML
15 662 (4.81%) HTML5
16 636 (4.62%) Spring
17 619 (4.50%) Vue.js
18 616 (4.48%) ASP.NET Web API
19 515 (3.74%) Entity Framework
20 504 (3.66%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,470 (10.68%) Analytical Skills
2 550 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
3 382 (2.78%) Hedge funds
4 367 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
5 337 (2.45%) Data Structures
6 329 (2.39%) Mobile App
7 321 (2.33%) Algorithms
8 315 (2.29%) User Experience
9 314 (2.28%) Management Information System
10 259 (1.88%) Equities
11 229 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
12 227 (1.65%) Derivative
13 216 (1.57%) Fixed Income
14 173 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 164 (1.19%) Data Centre
16 159 (1.16%) N-Tier
17 129 (0.94%) Clustering
18 127 (0.92%) Virtual Team
19 114 (0.83%) Replication
20 109 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,553 (11.29%) Windows
2 1,353 (9.83%) Linux
3 541 (3.93%) Windows Server
4 465 (3.38%) Unix
5 148 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 138 (1.00%) Android
7 123 (0.89%) Windows Server 2016
8 116 (0.84%) Apple iOS
9 108 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
10 99 (0.72%) Windows 10
11 84 (0.61%) Ubuntu
12 77 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
13 72 (0.52%) CentOS
14 42 (0.31%) Solaris
14 42 (0.31%) Windows 7
15 40 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
16 24 (0.17%) AIX
17 18 (0.13%) Debian
18 15 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
19 12 (0.087%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,204 (30.55%) Agile Software Development
2 2,561 (18.61%) DevOps
3 2,366 (17.19%) Business Intelligence
4 1,952 (14.19%) Analytics
5 1,854 (13.47%) Software Engineering
6 1,481 (10.76%) MVC
7 1,476 (10.73%) Microservices
8 1,413 (10.27%) Problem-Solving
9 1,389 (10.09%) ETL
10 1,291 (9.38%) TDD
11 1,286 (9.35%) Scrum
12 1,242 (9.03%) Test Automation
13 1,019 (7.40%) Computer Science
14 1,002 (7.28%) Continuous Integration
15 995 (7.23%) OO
16 940 (6.83%) Data Modelling
17 929 (6.75%) Mentoring
18 916 (6.66%) Visualisation
19 841 (6.11%) Migration
20 800 (5.81%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,250 (30.88%) C#
2 3,720 (27.03%) JavaScript
3 3,292 (23.92%) Python
4 2,667 (19.38%) Java
5 1,488 (10.81%) T-SQL
6 859 (6.24%) PowerShell
7 769 (5.59%) PHP
8 740 (5.38%) TypeScript
9 545 (3.96%) C++
10 500 (3.63%) PL/SQL
11 468 (3.40%) R
12 312 (2.27%) C
13 301 (2.19%) Bash Shell
14 285 (2.07%) Scala
15 266 (1.93%) VB.NET
16 261 (1.90%) Go
17 229 (1.66%) VB
18 224 (1.63%) Ruby
19 208 (1.51%) VBA
20 188 (1.37%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,728 (12.56%) Degree
2 473 (3.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 430 (3.12%) Security Cleared
4 329 (2.39%) SC Cleared
5 196 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
6 175 (1.27%) Numerate Degree
7 93 (0.68%) ISTQB
7 93 (0.68%) PhD
8 75 (0.55%) MCSE
9 66 (0.48%) ISEB
10 61 (0.44%) DV Cleared
11 55 (0.40%) CCNA
11 55 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
12 53 (0.39%) Master's Degree
13 45 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
14 42 (0.31%) MCSA
15 37 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
16 36 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
17 35 (0.25%) AWS Certification
18 34 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 722 (5.25%) QA
2 372 (2.70%) Data Quality
3 183 (1.33%) SLA
4 142 (1.03%) GDPR
5 63 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 26 (0.19%) NIST
8 14 (0.10%) CDISC
8 14 (0.10%) Good Clinical Practice
9 12 (0.087%) ISO 9001
10 11 (0.080%) PMO
11 8 (0.058%) COBIT
12 7 (0.051%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 7 (0.051%) GAMP
13 6 (0.044%) EMIR
13 6 (0.044%) ISO 13485
13 6 (0.044%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 5 (0.036%) GPG13
14 5 (0.036%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 5 (0.036%) MiFID
System Software
1 1,519 (11.04%) Docker
2 673 (4.89%) Active Directory
3 297 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 205 (1.49%) Hyper-V
5 59 (0.43%) HDFS
6 51 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 51 (0.37%) vSphere
7 47 (0.34%) XenApp
8 41 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 40 (0.29%) XenDesktop
10 29 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 21 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
12 20 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
12 20 (0.15%) VirtualBox
13 18 (0.13%) Firmware
14 12 (0.087%) Terminal Services
15 11 (0.080%) Postfix
16 10 (0.073%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 7 (0.051%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 6 (0.044%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 1,181 (8.58%) Kubernetes
2 741 (5.38%) Terraform
3 451 (3.28%) Ansible
4 208 (1.51%) Puppet
5 190 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
6 168 (1.22%) SCCM
7 104 (0.76%) Grafana
8 102 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
9 88 (0.64%) Prometheus
10 48 (0.35%) Failover Clustering
11 43 (0.31%) Packer
12 39 (0.28%) SCOM
13 32 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
13 32 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
14 30 (0.22%) MIIS
15 29 (0.21%) WSUS
16 27 (0.20%) Oracle RMAN
17 24 (0.17%) Microsoft Clustering
18 21 (0.15%) Nessus
18 21 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 3,130 (22.75%) Microsoft
2 1,430 (10.39%) Oracle
3 546 (3.97%) Google
4 493 (3.58%) VMware
5 295 (2.14%) Databricks
6 251 (1.82%) SAP
7 229 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
8 170 (1.24%) Citrix
9 159 (1.16%) IBM
10 142 (1.03%) Red Hat
11 141 (1.02%) EnterpriseDB
12 135 (0.98%) Cisco
13 132 (0.96%) Talend
14 127 (0.92%) Informatica
15 119 (0.86%) Atlassian
16 98 (0.71%) Splunk
17 96 (0.70%) Xamarin
18 95 (0.69%) MuleSoft
19 93 (0.68%) Alteryx
20 90 (0.65%) ServiceNow