Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
26 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 7 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 29,009 16,706 16,994
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.64% 18.02% 18.55%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.17% 32.91% 33.74%
Number of salaries quoted 15,641 13,404 14,184
10th Percentile £34,700 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,962
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £83,750 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,172 50,760 50,374
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.84% 54.75% 54.99%
Number of salaries quoted 43,710 39,096 41,821
10th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £73,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 May 2022.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 26 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 24,527 £56,000 +6.67% 2,686
London +1 13,951 £67,500 +3.85% 1,041
Work from Home -3 13,516 £55,000 +10.00% 1,118
UK excluding London -1 11,417 £50,000 +11.11% 1,829
South East -2 3,295 £52,500 +5.00% 401
North of England -4 2,800 £47,500 - 500
Midlands +1 1,756 £50,000 +17.65% 362
North West -3 1,454 £49,500 +4.21% 255
South West -3 1,377 £50,000 +11.11% 184
West Midlands 0 1,172 £50,000 +11.11% 212
Yorkshire -3 1,126 £50,000 +5.26% 184
East of England -4 962 £52,500 +5.00% 185
Scotland -6 845 £52,500 +10.53% 132
East Midlands -5 576 £47,500 +15.15% 150
Wales -2 312 £45,000 +5.88% 42
North East -3 224 £40,000 -11.11% 64
Northern Ireland -1 113 £46,000 +31.43% 26
Channel Islands - 8 £63,750 -
Isle of Man 0 1 £45,000 -5.26% 1

For the 6 months to 26 May 2022, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,312 (38.99%) Agile
2 9,383 (32.35%) Python
3 8,718 (30.05%) Azure
4 7,896 (27.22%) Finance
5 7,535 (25.97%) Social Skills
6 7,339 (25.30%) AWS
7 7,137 (24.60%) C#
8 6,793 (23.42%) JavaScript
9 6,454 (22.25%) .NET
10 6,278 (21.64%) SQL Server
11 6,207 (21.40%) Analytics
12 5,953 (20.52%) Software Engineering
13 5,846 (20.15%) Microsoft
14 5,774 (19.90%) Java
15 5,348 (18.44%) Business Intelligence
16 5,155 (17.77%) DevOps
17 4,906 (16.91%) CI/CD
18 4,761 (16.41%) Problem-Solving
19 4,498 (15.51%) Analytical Skills
20 4,417 (15.23%) Git (software)
21 4,318 (14.89%) Degree
22 4,274 (14.73%) Docker
23 3,910 (13.48%) NoSQL
24 3,817 (13.16%) Test Automation
25 3,809 (13.13%) Power Platform
26 3,785 (13.05%) Kubernetes
27 3,747 (12.92%) Microservices
28 3,655 (12.60%) React
29 3,632 (12.52%) Power BI
30 3,574 (12.32%) HTML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,417 (4.88%) Apache Spark
2 869 (3.00%) Apache
3 777 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
4 759 (2.62%) Apache Airflow
5 671 (2.31%) SharePoint
6 621 (2.14%) Confluence
7 606 (2.09%) SAS
8 577 (1.99%) IIS
9 410 (1.41%) CMS
10 214 (0.74%) nginx
11 200 (0.69%) Tomcat
12 178 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
13 172 (0.59%) Jupyter
14 169 (0.58%) MS Exchange
15 148 (0.51%) WordPress
16 118 (0.41%) Luigi
17 108 (0.37%) Umbraco
18 92 (0.32%) Apache Solr
19 88 (0.30%) JBoss
20 82 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 1,650 (5.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 741 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
3 273 (0.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 150 (0.52%) MS Visio
5 140 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 127 (0.44%) SPSS
7 70 (0.24%) Chatbot
8 26 (0.090%) Stata
9 24 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
10 17 (0.059%) AutoCAD
11 14 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 13 (0.045%) Photoshop
13 10 (0.034%) Pipeline Pilot
14 9 (0.031%) Maple
15 7 (0.024%) Campfire
15 7 (0.024%) Simulink
16 6 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
17 5 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
17 5 (0.017%) CPLEX
17 5 (0.017%) FileZilla
Business Applications
1 300 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 146 (0.50%) NetSuite
3 80 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
4 68 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 66 (0.23%) Dynamics GP
6 63 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
7 57 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
8 49 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
9 39 (0.13%) Shopify
10 37 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 36 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
12 34 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
13 32 (0.11%) SAP Business One
14 30 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
15 29 (0.100%) Oracle Receivables
16 28 (0.097%) Alphatax
17 27 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
17 27 (0.093%) SAP S/4HANA
18 24 (0.083%) WebTrends
19 23 (0.079%) SessionCam
Cloud Services
1 8,718 (30.05%) Azure
2 7,339 (25.30%) AWS
3 3,809 (13.13%) Power Platform
4 3,244 (11.18%) GCP
5 2,058 (7.09%) Serverless
6 1,847 (6.37%) SaaS
7 1,409 (4.86%) GitHub
8 983 (3.39%) AWS Lambda
9 964 (3.32%) Amazon S3
10 866 (2.99%) Microsoft 365
11 852 (2.94%) Azure Data Factory
12 805 (2.78%) Snowflake
13 589 (2.03%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 534 (1.84%) Cloud Computing
15 524 (1.81%) PaaS
16 435 (1.50%) Cloud Functions
17 407 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
18 400 (1.38%) Google Analytics
19 369 (1.27%) Dynamics 365
20 361 (1.24%) dbt
Communications & Networking
1 655 (2.26%) HTTP
2 541 (1.86%) Internet
3 471 (1.62%) Firewall
4 403 (1.39%) DNS
5 260 (0.90%) DHCP
6 248 (0.85%) TCP/IP
7 202 (0.70%) Broadband
8 175 (0.60%) VPN
9 171 (0.59%) SSL
9 171 (0.59%) WAN
10 162 (0.56%) SAN
11 142 (0.49%) LAN
12 125 (0.43%) Network Security
13 84 (0.29%) VLAN
14 75 (0.26%) VoIP
15 71 (0.24%) Skype
16 69 (0.24%) HTTPS
17 67 (0.23%) FTP
18 57 (0.20%) MQTT
19 56 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6,278 (21.64%) SQL Server
2 3,910 (13.48%) NoSQL
3 3,632 (12.52%) Power BI
4 3,407 (11.74%) Data Warehouse
5 3,008 (10.37%) PostgreSQL
6 2,790 (9.62%) Relational Database
7 2,343 (8.08%) MySQL
8 2,046 (7.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1,977 (6.82%) Tableau
10 1,881 (6.48%) Big Data
11 1,620 (5.58%) MongoDB
12 1,473 (5.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 1,343 (4.63%) Data Lake
14 1,136 (3.92%) BigQuery
15 959 (3.31%) Hadoop
16 890 (3.07%) Azure SQL Database
17 765 (2.64%) Amazon Redshift
18 764 (2.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 715 (2.46%) Redis
20 680 (2.34%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 4,417 (15.23%) Git (software)
2 2,043 (7.04%) JIRA
3 1,652 (5.69%) Jenkins
4 844 (2.91%) Selenium
5 807 (2.78%) Visual Studio
6 691 (2.38%) Maven
7 637 (2.20%) GitLab
8 546 (1.88%) JUnit
9 502 (1.73%) Team Foundation Server
10 498 (1.72%) Cucumber
11 477 (1.64%) Subversion
12 461 (1.59%) Gradle
13 413 (1.42%) Postman
14 412 (1.42%) TeamCity
15 381 (1.31%) Cypress.io
16 367 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
17 329 (1.13%) Bitbucket
18 327 (1.13%) NUnit
19 322 (1.11%) SpecFlow
20 256 (0.88%) Ant
General
1 7,896 (27.22%) Finance
2 7,535 (25.97%) Social Skills
3 4,498 (15.51%) Analytical Skills
4 2,025 (6.98%) Marketing
5 1,723 (5.94%) Banking
6 1,666 (5.74%) Retail
7 1,314 (4.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 1,027 (3.54%) Games
9 936 (3.23%) Public Sector
10 930 (3.21%) Manufacturing
11 797 (2.75%) Advertising
12 772 (2.66%) Law
13 746 (2.57%) Legal
14 570 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
15 545 (1.88%) Organisational Skills
16 454 (1.57%) Front Office
17 369 (1.27%) Telecoms
18 368 (1.27%) Publishing
19 362 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
20 354 (1.22%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 9,069 (31.26%) Developer
2 4,441 (15.31%) Analyst
3 2,995 (10.32%) Software Engineer
4 2,592 (8.94%) Data Engineer
5 1,873 (6.46%) Senior Developer
6 1,817 (6.26%) .NET Developer
7 1,451 (5.00%) Software Developer
8 1,423 (4.91%) Data Analyst
9 1,249 (4.31%) C# Developer
10 1,157 (3.99%) Full Stack Developer
11 1,021 (3.52%) Senior Software Engineer
12 932 (3.21%) Java Developer
13 897 (3.09%) SQL Developer
14 877 (3.02%) Applications Support
15 818 (2.82%) Architect
16 751 (2.59%) Data Scientist
17 705 (2.43%) Support Analyst
18 698 (2.41%) Senior Data Engineer
19 687 (2.37%) Senior Analyst
20 681 (2.35%) Business Intelligence Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,454 (22.25%) .NET
2 3,655 (12.60%) React
3 3,574 (12.32%) HTML
4 3,211 (11.07%) CSS
5 2,555 (8.81%) REST
6 2,354 (8.11%) Node.js
7 2,317 (7.99%) AngularJS
8 2,280 (7.86%) ASP.NET
9 2,271 (7.83%) .NET Core
10 1,846 (6.36%) RESTful
11 1,784 (6.15%) .NET Framework
12 1,629 (5.62%) Kafka
13 1,541 (5.31%) Spring
14 1,508 (5.20%) XML
15 1,417 (4.88%) Web Services
16 1,300 (4.48%) JSON
17 1,049 (3.62%) jQuery
18 984 (3.39%) GraphQL
19 954 (3.29%) Entity Framework
20 949 (3.27%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 1,599 (5.51%) Algorithms
2 1,339 (4.62%) User Experience
3 1,203 (4.15%) Self-Motivation
4 1,187 (4.09%) Data Structures
5 825 (2.84%) Mobile App
6 756 (2.61%) Cloud Native
7 754 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
8 657 (2.26%) Management Information System
9 492 (1.70%) Life Science
10 475 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
11 459 (1.58%) Virtual Team
12 424 (1.46%) Public Cloud
13 405 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
14 367 (1.27%) Derivative
15 359 (1.24%) Equities
16 300 (1.03%) Social Media
17 296 (1.02%) Hedge funds
18 276 (0.95%) Blog
19 270 (0.93%) NHS
20 261 (0.90%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 3,123 (10.77%) Linux
2 2,453 (8.46%) Windows
3 1,260 (4.34%) Unix
4 859 (2.96%) Windows Server
5 478 (1.65%) Android
6 405 (1.40%) Apple iOS
7 234 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
8 217 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
9 208 (0.72%) Windows Server 2019
10 160 (0.55%) Windows 10
11 153 (0.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 129 (0.44%) Ubuntu
13 107 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
14 102 (0.35%) CentOS
15 73 (0.25%) Solaris
16 49 (0.17%) AIX
17 46 (0.16%) VMS
18 43 (0.15%) Mac OS
19 42 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
20 39 (0.13%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,312 (38.99%) Agile
2 6,207 (21.40%) Analytics
3 5,953 (20.52%) Software Engineering
4 5,348 (18.44%) Business Intelligence
5 5,155 (17.77%) DevOps
6 4,906 (16.91%) CI/CD
7 4,761 (16.41%) Problem-Solving
8 3,817 (13.16%) Test Automation
9 3,747 (12.92%) Microservices
10 3,425 (11.81%) Data Science
11 3,391 (11.69%) ETL
12 3,322 (11.45%) Full Stack Development
13 3,159 (10.89%) Scrum
14 2,973 (10.25%) TDD
15 2,924 (10.08%) Data Modelling
16 2,875 (9.91%) Computer Science
17 2,793 (9.63%) Mentoring
18 2,719 (9.37%) Visualisation
19 2,386 (8.23%) Data Analysis
20 2,336 (8.05%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 9,383 (32.35%) Python
2 7,137 (24.60%) C#
3 6,793 (23.42%) JavaScript
4 5,774 (19.90%) Java
5 2,859 (9.86%) T-SQL
6 2,460 (8.48%) TypeScript
7 1,768 (6.09%) PowerShell
8 1,593 (5.49%) R
9 1,209 (4.17%) PHP
10 958 (3.30%) C++
11 898 (3.10%) Go
12 861 (2.97%) Scala
13 859 (2.96%) Ruby
14 798 (2.75%) Bash
15 792 (2.73%) PL/SQL
16 738 (2.54%) Shell Script
17 674 (2.32%) C
18 590 (2.03%) VBA
19 462 (1.59%) Kotlin
20 443 (1.53%) Perl
Qualifications
1 4,318 (14.89%) Degree
2 1,232 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 702 (2.42%) Security Cleared
4 464 (1.60%) SC Cleared
5 429 (1.48%) Master's Degree
6 369 (1.27%) Microsoft Certification
7 217 (0.75%) PhD
8 211 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
9 201 (0.69%) ISTQB
10 189 (0.65%) DBS Check
11 187 (0.64%) PMI Certification
12 121 (0.42%) AWS Certification
13 116 (0.40%) ISEB
14 108 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
15 103 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 96 (0.33%) MCSE
17 94 (0.32%) MCSA
18 78 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
19 61 (0.21%) DV Cleared
20 52 (0.18%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,346 (8.09%) QA
2 1,211 (4.17%) Data Quality
3 485 (1.67%) SLA
4 475 (1.64%) GDPR
5 222 (0.77%) Accessibility
6 164 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 91 (0.31%) Actionable Recommendations
8 69 (0.24%) PCI DSS
9 67 (0.23%) IFRS
10 58 (0.20%) ISO 9001
11 57 (0.20%) GRC
12 53 (0.18%) HL7
13 50 (0.17%) PMO
14 43 (0.15%) NIST
15 40 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
16 39 (0.13%) CDISC
17 37 (0.13%) IFRS 9
18 29 (0.100%) HIPAA
19 27 (0.093%) Sarbanes-Oxley
20 26 (0.090%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 4,274 (14.73%) Docker
2 900 (3.10%) Active Directory
3 432 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 256 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 173 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
6 91 (0.31%) vSphere
7 84 (0.29%) Apache Flume
8 81 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 66 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
10 61 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 40 (0.14%) HDFS
12 37 (0.13%) Terminal Services
13 36 (0.12%) XenApp
14 33 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
15 30 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
16 20 (0.069%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 20 (0.069%) VirtualBox
16 20 (0.069%) XenDesktop
17 18 (0.062%) Firmware
17 18 (0.062%) Oracle Clusterware
Systems Management
1 3,785 (13.05%) Kubernetes
2 1,805 (6.22%) Terraform
3 691 (2.38%) Ansible
4 316 (1.09%) Grafana
5 291 (1.00%) Prometheus
6 277 (0.95%) Puppet
7 249 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
8 187 (0.64%) SCCM
9 129 (0.44%) Microsoft Intune
10 116 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
11 95 (0.33%) Kibana
12 91 (0.31%) Oozie
13 85 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
14 79 (0.27%) ZABBIX
15 74 (0.26%) Data Guard
16 73 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 70 (0.24%) HAProxy
18 61 (0.21%) Rancher
19 55 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
20 51 (0.18%) WSUS
Vendors
1 5,846 (20.15%) Microsoft
2 2,632 (9.07%) Oracle
3 2,476 (8.54%) Google
4 814 (2.81%) Databricks
5 688 (2.37%) VMware
6 499 (1.72%) Salesforce.com
7 490 (1.69%) SAP
8 279 (0.96%) Alteryx
9 246 (0.85%) Informatica
10 237 (0.82%) Cisco
11 234 (0.81%) Red Hat
12 230 (0.79%) IBM
13 209 (0.72%) Splunk
14 198 (0.68%) Northgate
15 193 (0.67%) Adobe
16 191 (0.66%) Apple
16 191 (0.66%) NEC
17 186 (0.64%) Citrix
18 176 (0.61%) LexisNexis
19 168 (0.58%) Teradata