SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2024 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
24 May 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing SQL 12,230 16,512 28,933
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.07% 16.84% 17.63%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.65% 38.89% 32.57%
Number of salaries quoted 8,813 9,844 15,666
10th Percentile £32,500 £36,250 £34,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £59,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -6.78% +7.27% +4.76%
75th Percentile £72,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £92,000 £91,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +11.11%

All Programming Languages
UK

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,374 42,455 88,828
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 32.94% 43.29% 54.14%
Number of salaries quoted 24,973 27,118 43,431
10th Percentile £35,000 £38,750 £37,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £49,150 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +4.00% +13.64%
75th Percentile £77,500 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £107,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -1.82% +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2024.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 10,119 £55,000 -8.33% 3,193
UK excluding London -4 8,073 £50,000 -4.76% 2,138
Work from Home -2 4,935 £57,500 -2.86% 1,618
London -1 3,717 £70,000 - 1,652
North of England -4 2,016 £50,000 -3.85% 479
South East -4 1,678 £50,000 -9.09% 791
Scotland +2 1,490 £55,000 -8.33% 124
Midlands -3 1,383 £47,500 -5.00% 332
North West -3 1,135 £51,500 - 263
West Midlands -5 816 £50,000 - 193
South West -10 733 £50,000 - 194
Yorkshire -7 622 £47,500 -9.52% 167
East Midlands -2 557 £45,000 -10.00% 135
East of England -8 508 £47,500 -9.52% 175
North East -1 261 £50,000 -4.76% 57
Wales +2 209 £45,000 +12.50% 44
Northern Ireland -21 57 £55,500 +11.00% 29
Channel Islands -1 3 £67,500 +92.86% 1

SQL
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 622 (5.09%) Apache Spark
2 397 (3.25%) SharePoint
3 284 (2.32%) Apache
4 273 (2.23%) Microsoft Exchange
5 241 (1.97%) IIS
6 175 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
7 158 (1.29%) SAS
8 135 (1.10%) CMS
9 126 (1.03%) Confluence
10 113 (0.92%) FileNet
11 51 (0.42%) WebLogic
12 44 (0.36%) Oracle Service Bus
13 36 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
13 36 (0.29%) WebSphere
14 29 (0.24%) Umbraco
15 28 (0.23%) Tomcat
16 27 (0.22%) Drupal
17 26 (0.21%) WordPress
18 23 (0.19%) Oracle Workflow
19 21 (0.17%) GemFire
Applications
1 788 (6.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 413 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
3 95 (0.78%) MS Visio
4 66 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 37 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
6 28 (0.23%) SPSS
7 24 (0.20%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.14%) Trello
9 16 (0.13%) Simulink
10 9 (0.074%) Chatbot
10 9 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
11 7 (0.057%) Oracle Smart View
12 6 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.025%) Adobe XD
14 2 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 2 (0.016%) FileZilla
14 2 (0.016%) InDesign
14 2 (0.016%) LaTeX
15 1 (0.008%) Mathematica
15 1 (0.008%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 161 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.40%) Remedy ITSM
3 41 (0.34%) Siebel CRM
4 40 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
5 35 (0.29%) Aladdin
6 34 (0.28%) SDL Web 8
7 29 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
8 26 (0.21%) thinkFolio
9 25 (0.20%) Elite 3E
9 25 (0.20%) SAP Business One
10 24 (0.20%) NetSuite
11 22 (0.18%) NEC Housing
11 22 (0.18%) Shopify
12 20 (0.16%) Sage 200
12 20 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
13 18 (0.15%) Endur
14 17 (0.14%) Fidessa
15 15 (0.12%) Sage X3
15 15 (0.12%) Salesforce CRM
16 14 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 4,094 (33.48%) Azure
2 2,361 (19.30%) AWS
3 2,146 (17.55%) Power Platform
4 783 (6.40%) Azure DevOps
5 673 (5.50%) GCP
6 641 (5.24%) Microsoft 365
7 534 (4.37%) Serverless
8 406 (3.32%) SaaS
9 392 (3.21%) Azure Data Factory
10 291 (2.38%) GitHub
11 289 (2.36%) Snowflake
12 264 (2.16%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 241 (1.97%) IBM Cloud
14 238 (1.95%) PowerApps
15 230 (1.88%) Amazon S3
15 230 (1.88%) Dynamics 365
16 222 (1.82%) Azure Service Bus
17 219 (1.79%) Azure Functions
18 218 (1.78%) Entra ID
19 215 (1.76%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 324 (2.65%) Firewall
2 198 (1.62%) DNS
3 159 (1.30%) WAN
4 125 (1.02%) TCP/IP
5 120 (0.98%) Internet
6 118 (0.96%) VPN
7 114 (0.93%) DHCP
8 111 (0.91%) LAN
9 90 (0.74%) SAN
10 84 (0.69%) HTTP
11 80 (0.65%) Broadband
12 72 (0.59%) Network Security
13 60 (0.49%) VLAN
14 58 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
15 50 (0.41%) SSL
16 37 (0.30%) Wireless
17 31 (0.25%) MQTT
18 30 (0.25%) SD-WAN
19 28 (0.23%) FTP
19 28 (0.23%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,601 (21.27%) SQL Server
2 2,012 (16.45%) Power BI
3 1,530 (12.51%) NoSQL
4 1,061 (8.68%) Data Warehouse
5 841 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
6 828 (6.77%) Tableau
7 813 (6.65%) Relational Database
8 683 (5.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 666 (5.45%) MongoDB
10 665 (5.44%) Big Data
11 616 (5.04%) Azure SQL Database
12 504 (4.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 498 (4.07%) Data Lake
14 495 (4.05%) MySQL
15 363 (2.97%) Hadoop
16 328 (2.68%) DB2
17 327 (2.67%) Oracle Database
18 258 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
19 227 (1.86%) BigQuery
20 184 (1.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,085 (8.87%) Git
2 460 (3.76%) JIRA
3 406 (3.32%) Jenkins
4 379 (3.10%) Visual Studio
5 192 (1.57%) GitLab
6 186 (1.52%) JUnit
7 137 (1.12%) Selenium
8 103 (0.84%) Postman
9 94 (0.77%) NUnit
9 94 (0.77%) TeamCity
10 91 (0.74%) Bitbucket Server
11 89 (0.73%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 83 (0.68%) Team Foundation Server
13 77 (0.63%) Cucumber
13 77 (0.63%) Jasmine
14 75 (0.61%) Cypress.io
15 72 (0.59%) Maven
16 63 (0.52%) Mockito
17 55 (0.45%) Moq
18 49 (0.40%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 3,545 (28.99%) Finance
2 3,025 (24.73%) Social Skills
3 1,682 (13.75%) Analytical Skills
4 1,519 (12.42%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,485 (12.14%) Law
6 1,000 (8.18%) Marketing
7 782 (6.39%) Legal
8 733 (5.99%) Retail
9 697 (5.70%) Banking
10 637 (5.21%) Public Sector
11 399 (3.26%) Manufacturing
12 324 (2.65%) Front Office
13 299 (2.44%) Presentation Skills
14 216 (1.77%) Influencing Skills
15 203 (1.66%) Back Office
16 201 (1.64%) Games
17 200 (1.64%) Financial Institution
18 175 (1.43%) Organisational Skills
19 173 (1.41%) Investment Banking
20 123 (1.01%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 3,471 (28.38%) Developer
2 2,304 (18.84%) Senior
3 2,085 (17.05%) Analyst
4 1,557 (12.73%) Software Engineer
5 1,175 (9.61%) Lead
6 944 (7.72%) Data Engineer
7 752 (6.15%) Senior Developer
8 707 (5.78%) .NET Developer
9 645 (5.27%) Data Analyst
10 538 (4.40%) Java Engineer
11 523 (4.28%) Java Software Engineer
12 521 (4.26%) Software Developer
13 501 (4.10%) Full Stack Developer
14 466 (3.81%) Senior Analyst
15 453 (3.70%) C# Developer
16 450 (3.68%) Applications Support
17 424 (3.47%) Full Stack Engineer
18 373 (3.05%) Consultant
19 369 (3.02%) Support Analyst
20 363 (2.97%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,651 (21.68%) .NET
2 1,557 (12.73%) HTML
3 1,387 (11.34%) CSS
4 1,216 (9.94%) React
5 1,142 (9.34%) AngularJS
6 1,088 (8.90%) ASP.NET
7 939 (7.68%) REST
8 745 (6.09%) Web Services
9 726 (5.94%) .NET Core
10 620 (5.07%) jQuery
11 589 (4.82%) Spring
12 571 (4.67%) .NET Framework
13 512 (4.19%) Kafka
14 509 (4.16%) JSON
15 508 (4.15%) Vue
16 494 (4.04%) Node.js
16 494 (4.04%) XML
17 438 (3.58%) Entity Framework
18 435 (3.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 400 (3.27%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 847 (6.93%) Algorithms
2 545 (4.46%) Data Structures
3 499 (4.08%) Cloud Native
4 414 (3.39%) Management Information System
5 370 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
6 338 (2.76%) Product Ownership
7 297 (2.43%) Onboarding
8 272 (2.22%) Hybrid Cloud
9 271 (2.22%) Hedge funds
10 269 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
11 249 (2.04%) Blockchain
12 240 (1.96%) Public Cloud
13 184 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 181 (1.48%) Fixed Income
15 173 (1.41%) Derivative
16 172 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
17 166 (1.36%) Equities
18 141 (1.15%) Mobile App
19 137 (1.12%) Replication
20 126 (1.03%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,352 (11.05%) Windows
2 1,196 (9.78%) Linux
3 419 (3.43%) Windows Server
4 410 (3.35%) Unix
5 312 (2.55%) Android
6 278 (2.27%) Apple iOS
7 158 (1.29%) Windows 10
8 107 (0.87%) VMS
9 95 (0.78%) CentOS
10 80 (0.65%) Windows Server 2019
11 78 (0.64%) Windows Server 2016
12 74 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
13 71 (0.58%) Windows 7
14 63 (0.52%) Solaris
15 56 (0.46%) Ubuntu
16 44 (0.36%) Windows 8
17 36 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 24 (0.20%) AIX
19 21 (0.17%) Debian
19 21 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,833 (31.34%) Agile
2 2,452 (20.05%) Problem-Solving
3 2,315 (18.93%) Software Engineering
4 2,211 (18.08%) Business Intelligence
5 1,769 (14.46%) Analytics
6 1,697 (13.88%) CI/CD
7 1,662 (13.59%) Artificial Intelligence
8 1,628 (13.31%) DevOps
9 1,581 (12.93%) Visualisation
10 1,446 (11.82%) Full Stack Development
11 1,426 (11.66%) Machine Learning
12 1,421 (11.62%) SDLC
13 1,299 (10.62%) ETL
14 1,166 (9.53%) Computer Science
15 1,137 (9.30%) Mentoring
16 1,075 (8.79%) Data Modelling
17 984 (8.05%) Data Analysis
18 955 (7.81%) Continuous Improvement
19 949 (7.76%) Decision-Making
20 902 (7.38%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,249 (26.57%) Python
2 2,830 (23.14%) C#
3 2,246 (18.36%) JavaScript
4 2,116 (17.30%) Java
5 1,088 (8.90%) T-SQL
6 655 (5.36%) TypeScript
7 576 (4.71%) PL/SQL
8 503 (4.11%) PowerShell
9 403 (3.30%) Scala
10 315 (2.58%) R
11 244 (2.00%) PHP
12 233 (1.91%) C++
13 202 (1.65%) Data Analysis Expressions
14 186 (1.52%) VB
15 185 (1.51%) VBA
16 166 (1.36%) VB.NET
17 157 (1.28%) Bash
18 142 (1.16%) C
19 82 (0.67%) Groovy
20 80 (0.65%) Go
Qualifications
1 2,238 (18.30%) Degree
2 563 (4.60%) Security Cleared
3 559 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 421 (3.44%) SC Cleared
5 365 (2.98%) DBS Check
6 303 (2.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 296 (2.42%) Master's Degree
8 122 (1.00%) Azure Certification
8 122 (1.00%) DV Cleared
9 82 (0.67%) PhD
10 53 (0.43%) PMI Certification
11 47 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
12 43 (0.35%) MCSE
13 40 (0.33%) AWS Certification
14 35 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
15 33 (0.27%) ISTQB
16 31 (0.25%) MBA
17 30 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
17 30 (0.25%) CISA
18 28 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 554 (4.53%) Data Quality
2 403 (3.30%) QA
3 213 (1.74%) SLA
4 143 (1.17%) GDPR
5 138 (1.13%) Accessibility
6 53 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 46 (0.38%) PMO
8 26 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
9 19 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
10 18 (0.15%) ITGC
11 17 (0.14%) COBIT
12 16 (0.13%) California Consumer Privacy Act
12 16 (0.13%) NIST
13 8 (0.065%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 8 (0.065%) IFRS
13 8 (0.065%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.065%) MiFID
13 8 (0.065%) PSD2
14 7 (0.057%) SOC 1
15 6 (0.049%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 627 (5.13%) Active Directory
2 586 (4.79%) Docker
3 270 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 179 (1.46%) Hyper-V
5 123 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
6 119 (0.97%) HDFS
7 56 (0.46%) Oracle RAC
8 52 (0.43%) XenApp
9 51 (0.42%) RACF
10 45 (0.37%) VirtualBox
10 45 (0.37%) XenDesktop
11 42 (0.34%) vSphere
12 36 (0.29%) Firmware
13 31 (0.25%) VMware NSX
14 22 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
15 15 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
16 13 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
17 11 (0.090%) vCloud
18 10 (0.082%) Terminal Services
19 9 (0.074%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 743 (6.08%) Kubernetes
2 479 (3.92%) Terraform
3 152 (1.24%) Ansible
4 107 (0.87%) Grafana
5 56 (0.46%) Prometheus
6 55 (0.45%) Oracle RMAN
7 54 (0.44%) Data Guard
8 48 (0.39%) SCCM
9 46 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
9 46 (0.38%) Progress Chef
10 34 (0.28%) SCOM
11 32 (0.26%) Kibana
12 29 (0.24%) WSUS
13 27 (0.22%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 27 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
14 22 (0.18%) HAProxy
15 21 (0.17%) Zipkin
16 20 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
17 19 (0.16%) Puppet
18 18 (0.15%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 2,856 (23.35%) Microsoft
2 1,362 (11.14%) Oracle
3 887 (7.25%) Databricks
4 445 (3.64%) Google
5 379 (3.10%) IBM
6 373 (3.05%) VMware
7 305 (2.49%) Red Hat
8 258 (2.11%) SAP
9 166 (1.36%) Informatica
10 146 (1.19%) Citrix
11 104 (0.85%) Cisco
12 101 (0.83%) Alteryx
13 99 (0.81%) Veeam
14 89 (0.73%) Bloomberg
14 89 (0.73%) Cloudera
15 87 (0.71%) Salesforce
15 87 (0.71%) Splunk
16 78 (0.64%) F5
16 78 (0.64%) Sage
17 67 (0.55%) Remedy