Period
to 20 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 9,106 25,280 33,695
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.65% 18.58% 20.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.49% 34.75% 37.10%
Number of salaries quoted 9,019 22,362 29,655
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +3.66%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,921 72,753 90,811
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.22% 53.47% 55.55%
Number of salaries quoted 24,538 59,644 75,557
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 20 October 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8,368 £52,500 +5.00% 1,903
UK excluding London -2 5,280 £47,500 +11.76% 1,434
London -4 3,577 £65,000 +8.33% 620
North of England 0 1,477 £48,000 +12.94% 447
South East -3 1,477 £50,000 +11.11% 318
Work from Home +3 1,222 £50,000 +1.01% 348
Midlands +1 885 £47,500 +11.76% 246
North West +1 829 £50,000 +17.65% 259
West Midlands -1 550 £45,500 +1.11% 148
Yorkshire 0 537 £47,500 +11.76% 141
South West -1 537 £45,000 +9.09% 137
East of England -1 346 £49,000 +8.89% 133
East Midlands +2 334 £47,500 +18.75% 98
Scotland -5 298 £47,500 +9.20% 84
Wales +2 205 £45,000 +9.76% 43
North East -5 110 £47,500 +11.76% 47
Northern Ireland -1 57 £41,250 +17.86% 28
Channel Islands 0 5 £55,000 +4.76%
Isle of Man -1 4 £47,500 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 20 October 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,934 (32.22%) Agile Software Development
2 2,754 (30.24%) Azure
3 2,718 (29.85%) C#
4 2,599 (28.54%) SQL Server
5 2,577 (28.30%) .NET
6 2,345 (25.75%) JavaScript
7 2,168 (23.81%) Microsoft
8 2,117 (23.25%) Python
9 2,115 (23.23%) Finance
10 1,745 (19.16%) Java
11 1,647 (18.09%) DevOps
12 1,635 (17.96%) AWS
13 1,501 (16.48%) Business Intelligence
14 1,477 (16.22%) HTML
15 1,360 (14.94%) CSS
16 1,185 (13.01%) Degree
17 1,174 (12.89%) Software Engineering
18 1,166 (12.80%) Analytics
19 1,155 (12.68%) AngularJS
20 1,153 (12.66%) Git (software)
21 1,098 (12.06%) Windows
22 1,066 (11.71%) T-SQL
23 1,024 (11.25%) Oracle
24 1,008 (11.07%) ASP.NET
25 1,007 (11.06%) Power Platform
26 983 (10.80%) Data Warehouse
27 977 (10.73%) MVC
28 946 (10.39%) Scrum
29 940 (10.32%) Power BI
30 927 (10.18%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 347 (3.81%) SharePoint
2 291 (3.20%) Apache Spark
3 283 (3.11%) Apache
4 276 (3.03%) IIS
5 237 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
6 218 (2.39%) Confluence
7 122 (1.34%) SAS
8 79 (0.87%) CMS
9 76 (0.83%) Tomcat
10 66 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
11 64 (0.70%) MS Exchange
12 54 (0.59%) nginx
13 52 (0.57%) WebSphere
14 44 (0.48%) NServiceBus
15 43 (0.47%) WebLogic
16 38 (0.42%) Skype for Business
17 35 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2013
18 30 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 27 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2010
20 22 (0.24%) Umbraco
Applications
1 435 (4.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 178 (1.95%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 15 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 12 (0.13%) SPSS
8 4 (0.044%) Camtasia
8 4 (0.044%) MadCap Flare
8 4 (0.044%) Stata
9 2 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.022%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.022%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.022%) EViews
9 2 (0.022%) InfoPath
9 2 (0.022%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.022%) Quantrix
9 2 (0.022%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.011%) Simulink
10 1 (0.011%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 164 (1.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 110 (1.21%) Markit EDM
3 100 (1.10%) Eagle PACE
4 75 (0.82%) PolarLake
5 40 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
6 26 (0.29%) NetSuite
7 22 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
7 22 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
8 19 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
9 17 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
9 17 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
10 16 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
10 16 (0.18%) SAP Business One
11 15 (0.16%) Magento
11 15 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
12 14 (0.15%) Sentinel
13 13 (0.14%) Northgate Housing
13 13 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
14 11 (0.12%) Unica
15 10 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,754 (30.24%) Azure
2 1,635 (17.96%) AWS
3 1,007 (11.06%) Power Platform
4 497 (5.46%) GCP
5 379 (4.16%) Office 365
5 379 (4.16%) Serverless
6 353 (3.88%) SaaS
7 261 (2.87%) AWS Lambda
8 259 (2.84%) PaaS
9 219 (2.41%) Amazon S3
10 201 (2.21%) Azure Data Factory
11 196 (2.15%) IaaS
12 186 (2.04%) GitHub
13 181 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
14 167 (1.83%) Dynamics 365
15 153 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
16 109 (1.20%) Azure Active Directory
17 70 (0.77%) Amazon ECS
18 63 (0.69%) Apigee
19 61 (0.67%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 175 (1.92%) DNS
2 163 (1.79%) Firewall
3 130 (1.43%) TCP/IP
4 122 (1.34%) Skype
5 121 (1.33%) HTTP
6 86 (0.94%) DHCP
6 86 (0.94%) VPN
6 86 (0.94%) WAN
7 79 (0.87%) Internet
8 71 (0.78%) LAN
9 70 (0.77%) SAN
10 44 (0.48%) Network Security
11 39 (0.43%) Remote Desktop
12 36 (0.40%) VoIP
13 31 (0.34%) Wireless
14 30 (0.33%) SSL
15 25 (0.27%) FTP
16 19 (0.21%) VLAN
17 18 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
18 16 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,599 (28.54%) SQL Server
2 983 (10.80%) Data Warehouse
3 940 (10.32%) Power BI
4 909 (9.98%) NoSQL
5 892 (9.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 770 (8.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 582 (6.39%) PostgreSQL
8 549 (6.03%) MySQL
9 517 (5.68%) Big Data
10 512 (5.62%) Relational Database
11 400 (4.39%) Azure SQL Database
12 383 (4.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 363 (3.99%) MongoDB
14 320 (3.51%) Data Lake
15 271 (2.98%) Hadoop
16 238 (2.61%) Oracle Database
17 233 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
18 183 (2.01%) SQL Server 2012
19 175 (1.92%) Redis
20 174 (1.91%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 1,153 (12.66%) Git (software)
2 575 (6.31%) JIRA
3 495 (5.44%) Jenkins
4 312 (3.43%) Selenium
5 301 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
6 253 (2.78%) Visual Studio
7 178 (1.95%) Subversion
8 158 (1.74%) Maven
9 152 (1.67%) JUnit
10 150 (1.65%) SpecFlow
11 149 (1.64%) TeamCity
12 139 (1.53%) GitLab
13 131 (1.44%) Bitbucket
14 107 (1.18%) Artifactory
14 107 (1.18%) NUnit
15 105 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
16 97 (1.07%) Cucumber
17 96 (1.05%) Gradle
18 88 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
19 87 (0.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,115 (23.23%) Finance
2 469 (5.15%) Banking
3 409 (4.49%) Front Office
4 268 (2.94%) Back Office
5 262 (2.88%) Marketing
6 253 (2.78%) Retail
7 238 (2.61%) Public Sector
8 161 (1.77%) Manufacturing
9 159 (1.75%) Law
10 113 (1.24%) Investment Banking
11 110 (1.21%) Legal
12 109 (1.20%) Advertising
13 101 (1.11%) Games
14 99 (1.09%) Telecoms
15 84 (0.92%) Financial Institution
16 45 (0.49%) Electronics
17 36 (0.40%) Local Government
17 36 (0.40%) Private Banking
18 31 (0.34%) Publishing
19 27 (0.30%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,909 (42.93%) Developer
2 1,283 (14.09%) Analyst
3 855 (9.39%) .NET Developer
4 784 (8.61%) Senior Developer
5 679 (7.46%) Software Engineer
6 613 (6.73%) C# Developer
7 551 (6.05%) Software Developer
8 534 (5.86%) SQL Developer
9 497 (5.46%) Data Engineer
10 401 (4.40%) Java Developer
11 358 (3.93%) Architect
12 342 (3.76%) Full Stack Developer
13 331 (3.63%) C# .NET Developer
14 324 (3.56%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 312 (3.43%) Applications Support
16 309 (3.39%) Data Analyst
17 301 (3.31%) Python Developer
18 259 (2.84%) DBA
19 242 (2.66%) Business Analyst
20 238 (2.61%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,577 (28.30%) .NET
2 1,477 (16.22%) HTML
3 1,360 (14.94%) CSS
4 1,155 (12.68%) AngularJS
5 1,008 (11.07%) ASP.NET
6 927 (10.18%) Web Services
7 871 (9.57%) .NET Core
8 846 (9.29%) React
9 685 (7.52%) REST
10 682 (7.49%) .NET Framework
11 550 (6.04%) ASP.NET Web API
12 506 (5.56%) jQuery
13 480 (5.27%) XML
14 454 (4.99%) RESTful
15 449 (4.93%) Node.js
16 425 (4.67%) Spring
17 414 (4.55%) ASP.NET MVC
18 409 (4.49%) HTML5
19 365 (4.01%) Entity Framework
20 357 (3.92%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 894 (9.82%) Analytical Skills
2 445 (4.89%) Hedge funds
3 394 (4.33%) Greenfield Project
4 344 (3.78%) Fixed Income
5 306 (3.36%) Equities
6 264 (2.90%) Algorithms
7 261 (2.87%) Management Information System
8 259 (2.84%) Derivative
9 248 (2.72%) Data Structures
10 219 (2.41%) Mobile App
11 203 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
12 180 (1.98%) User Experience
13 179 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 139 (1.53%) Data Centre
15 120 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
15 120 (1.32%) Reference Data
16 118 (1.30%) Public Cloud
17 117 (1.28%) Replication
18 104 (1.14%) Clustering
19 66 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,098 (12.06%) Windows
2 903 (9.92%) Linux
3 413 (4.54%) Windows Server
4 350 (3.84%) Unix
5 116 (1.27%) Android
6 115 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
7 108 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
8 89 (0.98%) Windows 10
9 80 (0.88%) Apple iOS
9 80 (0.88%) CentOS
10 72 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 47 (0.52%) Windows Server 2019
12 46 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
13 32 (0.35%) Ubuntu
14 31 (0.34%) Solaris
15 30 (0.33%) Windows 7
16 23 (0.25%) Debian
17 18 (0.20%) AIX
18 16 (0.18%) Kali Linux
18 16 (0.18%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,934 (32.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,647 (18.09%) DevOps
3 1,501 (16.48%) Business Intelligence
4 1,174 (12.89%) Software Engineering
5 1,166 (12.80%) Analytics
6 977 (10.73%) MVC
7 946 (10.39%) Scrum
8 894 (9.82%) Microservices
9 863 (9.48%) ETL
10 855 (9.39%) TDD
11 853 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
12 781 (8.58%) Test Automation
13 699 (7.68%) Computer Science
14 643 (7.06%) Mentoring
15 630 (6.92%) Continuous Integration
16 629 (6.91%) Data Modelling
17 595 (6.53%) OO
18 570 (6.26%) SDLC
19 542 (5.95%) Visualisation
20 516 (5.67%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 2,718 (29.85%) C#
2 2,345 (25.75%) JavaScript
3 2,117 (23.25%) Python
4 1,745 (19.16%) Java
5 1,066 (11.71%) T-SQL
6 548 (6.02%) PowerShell
7 445 (4.89%) TypeScript
8 405 (4.45%) PL/SQL
9 388 (4.26%) R
10 365 (4.01%) C++
11 322 (3.54%) PHP
12 212 (2.33%) VB.NET
13 198 (2.17%) Scala
14 168 (1.84%) Bash Shell
15 162 (1.78%) Kotlin
16 160 (1.76%) Shell Script
17 157 (1.72%) C
18 144 (1.58%) Java 8
19 143 (1.57%) VBA
20 134 (1.47%) Go
Qualifications
1 1,185 (13.01%) Degree
2 306 (3.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 273 (3.00%) Security Cleared
4 210 (2.31%) SC Cleared
5 184 (2.02%) Microsoft Certification
6 85 (0.93%) PhD
7 81 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
8 80 (0.88%) MCSE
9 71 (0.78%) MCSA
10 68 (0.75%) DV Cleared
11 59 (0.65%) ISTQB
12 53 (0.58%) Sun Certification
13 50 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
14 49 (0.54%) AWS Certification
14 49 (0.54%) CCNA
15 41 (0.45%) ISEB
15 41 (0.45%) Master's Degree
16 36 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
17 31 (0.34%) MCITP
18 30 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 438 (4.81%) QA
2 197 (2.16%) Data Quality
3 149 (1.64%) SLA
4 106 (1.16%) GDPR
5 46 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 18 (0.20%) NIST
7 18 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.15%) PMO
9 12 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 10 (0.11%) MiFID
11 9 (0.099%) GxP
12 8 (0.088%) IFRS
13 7 (0.077%) COBIT
14 6 (0.066%) EMIR
14 6 (0.066%) HIPAA
15 5 (0.055%) GPG13
15 5 (0.055%) ISO 20022
16 3 (0.033%) NCSC
16 3 (0.033%) PSD2
System Software
1 835 (9.17%) Docker
2 489 (5.37%) Active Directory
3 227 (2.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 159 (1.75%) Hyper-V
5 64 (0.70%) HDFS
6 51 (0.56%) vSphere
7 48 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
8 34 (0.37%) XenApp
9 25 (0.27%) VirtualBox
10 23 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
11 22 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
12 19 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
13 18 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
14 16 (0.18%) XenDesktop
15 10 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 10 (0.11%) Snort
16 9 (0.099%) Terminal Services
17 8 (0.088%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 8 (0.088%) Firmware
17 8 (0.088%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 671 (7.37%) Kubernetes
2 342 (3.76%) Terraform
3 254 (2.79%) Ansible
4 140 (1.54%) Puppet
5 95 (1.04%) Grafana
6 93 (1.02%) SCCM
7 87 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
8 72 (0.79%) Microsoft Intune
9 55 (0.60%) Prometheus
10 39 (0.43%) WSUS
11 31 (0.34%) Kibana
12 29 (0.32%) SCOM
13 27 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
14 26 (0.29%) Graphite
15 23 (0.25%) logstash
16 20 (0.22%) Data Guard
17 18 (0.20%) Control-M
17 18 (0.20%) Failover Clustering
17 18 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
18 17 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 2,168 (23.81%) Microsoft
2 1,024 (11.25%) Oracle
3 452 (4.96%) Tableau
4 392 (4.30%) Google
5 374 (4.11%) VMware
6 173 (1.90%) Databricks
7 171 (1.88%) SAP
8 156 (1.71%) Bloomberg
9 135 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
10 132 (1.45%) IBM
11 120 (1.32%) Cisco
12 113 (1.24%) Atlassian
13 101 (1.11%) Citrix
14 99 (1.09%) Splunk
15 88 (0.97%) Informatica
15 88 (0.97%) Talend
16 84 (0.92%) ServiceNow
17 74 (0.81%) Cloudera
18 72 (0.79%) Xamarin
19 70 (0.77%) Red Hat