Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 23,212 30,314 35,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.46% 19.97% 20.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.11% 36.36% 37.07%
Number of salaries quoted 19,550 25,534 30,488
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,631 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.81% +8.07% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.35% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,048 83,365 96,978
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.11% 54.91% 55.54%
Number of salaries quoted 56,200 68,930 81,015
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,589 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 21,456 £50,000 - 4,155
UK excluding London 0 13,405 £43,500 +2.35% 3,130
London 0 9,254 £60,000 - 1,333
South East -2 4,359 £45,000 - 816
North of England 0 3,073 £42,500 - 846
Midlands 0 2,063 £42,500 +2.41% 515
North West +1 1,707 £43,500 -3.33% 485
South West +1 1,519 £40,000 - 341
West Midlands -1 1,322 £45,000 +5.88% 293
Yorkshire 0 1,182 £42,500 - 301
East of England 0 1,129 £47,500 +6.98% 302
Scotland -1 811 £43,750 -2.78% 184
East Midlands -2 737 £40,000 - 220
Wales -1 361 £42,125 +12.33% 107
North East -1 185 £40,000 -15.79% 60
Northern Ireland -3 102 £40,000 +6.67% 18
Channel Islands +7 5 £60,000 -29.41% 1
Isle of Man - 3 £49,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 7,679 (33.08%) C#
2 7,346 (31.65%) Agile Software Development
3 7,010 (30.20%) SQL Server
4 6,800 (29.30%) .NET
5 5,556 (23.94%) JavaScript
6 5,330 (22.96%) Microsoft
7 5,214 (22.46%) Azure
8 5,099 (21.97%) Finance
9 4,254 (18.33%) Java
10 4,110 (17.71%) Python
11 3,764 (16.22%) Business Intelligence
12 3,537 (15.24%) HTML
13 3,273 (14.10%) AWS
14 3,095 (13.33%) ASP.NET
15 3,082 (13.28%) MVC
16 3,069 (13.22%) CSS
17 2,960 (12.75%) Windows
18 2,948 (12.70%) T-SQL
19 2,877 (12.39%) Oracle
20 2,866 (12.35%) Degree
21 2,831 (12.20%) Analytics
22 2,823 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
23 2,601 (11.21%) DevOps
24 2,510 (10.81%) Software Engineering
25 2,500 (10.77%) Git (software)
26 2,446 (10.54%) Analytical Skills
27 2,425 (10.45%) Linux
28 2,349 (10.12%) AngularJS
29 2,318 (9.99%) ETL
30 2,301 (9.91%) SQL Server Integration Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 693 (2.99%) SharePoint
2 681 (2.93%) Apache Spark
3 656 (2.83%) IIS
4 408 (1.76%) SAS
5 400 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
6 363 (1.56%) Apache
7 312 (1.34%) Confluence
8 292 (1.26%) Tomcat
9 251 (1.08%) CMS
10 235 (1.01%) MS Exchange
11 138 (0.59%) JBoss
12 123 (0.53%) WebSphere
13 122 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
14 117 (0.50%) Umbraco
15 107 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
16 105 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
17 92 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 89 (0.38%) WebLogic
18 89 (0.38%) WordPress
19 83 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 1,265 (5.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 762 (3.28%) Microsoft Office
3 185 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 151 (0.65%) MS Visio
5 86 (0.37%) SPSS
6 71 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
7 48 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
8 31 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 17 (0.073%) Adobe Illustrator
10 15 (0.065%) Chatbot
11 9 (0.039%) Camtasia
12 6 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
12 6 (0.026%) Sketch
12 6 (0.026%) S-PLUS
13 5 (0.022%) Adobe XD
13 5 (0.022%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.022%) Stata
14 4 (0.017%) Acrobat
14 4 (0.017%) Adobe Captivate
14 4 (0.017%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 374 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 172 (0.74%) Oracle EBS
3 163 (0.70%) Markit EDM
4 130 (0.56%) thinkFolio
5 107 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
6 102 (0.44%) Payment Gateway
7 89 (0.38%) PolarLake
8 83 (0.36%) Oracle EBS R12
9 82 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
10 81 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
11 80 (0.34%) NetSuite
12 78 (0.34%) Eagle PACE
13 67 (0.29%) Front Arena
14 65 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
15 57 (0.25%) Magento
16 44 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
17 42 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
18 40 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
18 40 (0.17%) Cognos Business Intelligence
18 40 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 5,214 (22.46%) Azure
2 3,273 (14.10%) AWS
3 1,960 (8.44%) Power Platform
4 826 (3.56%) SaaS
5 767 (3.30%) Office 365
6 746 (3.21%) GCP
7 443 (1.91%) PaaS
8 376 (1.62%) Serverless
9 375 (1.62%) GitHub
10 315 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
11 312 (1.34%) IaaS
12 296 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
13 282 (1.21%) Azure Data Factory
14 263 (1.13%) Amazon S3
15 251 (1.08%) Amazon EC2
16 234 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
17 132 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
17 132 (0.57%) Google Analytics
18 130 (0.56%) Azure Functions
19 114 (0.49%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 469 (2.02%) Firewall
2 462 (1.99%) DNS
3 390 (1.68%) TCP/IP
4 320 (1.38%) Internet
5 297 (1.28%) DHCP
6 252 (1.09%) SAN
7 250 (1.08%) WAN
8 245 (1.06%) HTTP
9 224 (0.97%) LAN
10 155 (0.67%) VPN
11 136 (0.59%) SSL
12 104 (0.45%) VoIP
13 102 (0.44%) Wireless
14 96 (0.41%) Skype
15 81 (0.35%) VLAN
16 72 (0.31%) NAS
17 58 (0.25%) Network Security
18 54 (0.23%) FTP
19 52 (0.22%) Intranet
20 46 (0.20%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7,010 (30.20%) SQL Server
2 2,301 (9.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,288 (9.86%) Data Warehouse
4 2,025 (8.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,928 (8.31%) Power BI
6 1,752 (7.55%) NoSQL
7 1,690 (7.28%) Relational Database
8 1,386 (5.97%) MySQL
9 1,320 (5.69%) Big Data
10 1,106 (4.76%) PostgreSQL
11 1,083 (4.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 727 (3.13%) Hadoop
13 708 (3.05%) Azure SQL Database
14 675 (2.91%) MongoDB
15 607 (2.62%) RDBMS
16 600 (2.58%) Oracle Database
17 448 (1.93%) Data Lake
18 441 (1.90%) SQL Server 2012
19 425 (1.83%) SQL Server 2016
20 418 (1.80%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 2,500 (10.77%) Git (software)
2 1,213 (5.23%) JIRA
3 1,172 (5.05%) Jenkins
4 971 (4.18%) Visual Studio
5 816 (3.52%) Selenium
5 816 (3.52%) Team Foundation Server
6 416 (1.79%) Maven
7 405 (1.74%) Subversion
8 354 (1.53%) JUnit
9 351 (1.51%) Cucumber
10 346 (1.49%) TeamCity
11 269 (1.16%) Bitbucket
11 269 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
12 268 (1.15%) SoapUI
13 257 (1.11%) Visual Studio Team System
14 240 (1.03%) NUnit
15 232 (1.00%) SpecFlow
16 208 (0.90%) Postman
17 204 (0.88%) WebDriver
18 200 (0.86%) Eclipse
General
1 5,099 (21.97%) Finance
2 1,101 (4.74%) Banking
3 1,063 (4.58%) Marketing
4 1,048 (4.51%) Retail
5 616 (2.65%) Front Office
6 514 (2.21%) Public Sector
7 379 (1.63%) Manufacturing
8 362 (1.56%) Games
9 338 (1.46%) Back Office
10 333 (1.43%) Telecoms
11 325 (1.40%) Legal
12 274 (1.18%) Law
13 189 (0.81%) Investment Banking
14 188 (0.81%) Automotive
15 174 (0.75%) Advertising
16 170 (0.73%) Financial Institution
17 152 (0.65%) Electronics
18 136 (0.59%) Publishing
19 113 (0.49%) Aerospace
20 105 (0.45%) Billing
Job Titles
1 10,249 (44.15%) Developer
2 3,621 (15.60%) Analyst
3 2,503 (10.78%) .NET Developer
4 2,364 (10.18%) C# Developer
5 1,814 (7.81%) Senior Developer
6 1,651 (7.11%) Software Developer
7 1,592 (6.86%) SQL Developer
8 1,314 (5.66%) Java Developer
9 1,258 (5.42%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,247 (5.37%) Software Engineer
11 946 (4.08%) Applications Support
12 858 (3.70%) Consultant
13 848 (3.65%) Support Analyst
14 804 (3.46%) Data Engineer
15 795 (3.42%) Data Analyst
16 788 (3.39%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 786 (3.39%) Junior
18 784 (3.38%) DBA
19 755 (3.25%) Architect
20 674 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,800 (29.30%) .NET
2 3,537 (15.24%) HTML
3 3,095 (13.33%) ASP.NET
4 3,069 (13.22%) CSS
5 2,349 (10.12%) AngularJS
6 2,113 (9.10%) Web Services
7 1,532 (6.60%) XML
8 1,488 (6.41%) REST
9 1,471 (6.34%) .NET Framework
10 1,470 (6.33%) ASP.NET MVC
11 1,346 (5.80%) React
12 1,343 (5.79%) jQuery
13 1,329 (5.73%) .NET Core
14 1,203 (5.18%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,173 (5.05%) RESTful
16 1,069 (4.61%) Spring
17 912 (3.93%) SOAP
18 897 (3.86%) Node.js
19 883 (3.80%) HTML5
20 823 (3.55%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,446 (10.54%) Analytical Skills
2 989 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
3 667 (2.87%) Management Information System
4 665 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
5 647 (2.79%) User Experience
6 580 (2.50%) Hedge funds
7 537 (2.31%) Fixed Income
8 468 (2.02%) Algorithms
8 468 (2.02%) Derivative
9 460 (1.98%) Equities
10 449 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
11 448 (1.93%) Mobile App
12 404 (1.74%) Data Structures
13 333 (1.43%) Data Centre
14 327 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 256 (1.10%) Replication
16 247 (1.06%) Public Cloud
17 241 (1.04%) Clustering
18 199 (0.86%) Reference Data
19 168 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,960 (12.75%) Windows
2 2,425 (10.45%) Linux
3 1,188 (5.12%) Unix
4 1,062 (4.58%) Windows Server
5 328 (1.41%) Android
6 321 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
7 263 (1.13%) Apple iOS
8 233 (1.00%) Windows 10
9 232 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
10 200 (0.86%) Windows 7
11 143 (0.62%) CentOS
12 109 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 85 (0.37%) Mac OS X
14 73 (0.31%) Debian
15 66 (0.28%) Solaris
16 65 (0.28%) Windows 8
17 53 (0.23%) Ubuntu
18 48 (0.21%) VMS
19 41 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
20 38 (0.16%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,346 (31.65%) Agile Software Development
2 3,764 (16.22%) Business Intelligence
3 3,082 (13.28%) MVC
4 2,831 (12.20%) Analytics
5 2,823 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
6 2,601 (11.21%) DevOps
7 2,510 (10.81%) Software Engineering
8 2,318 (9.99%) ETL
9 2,202 (9.49%) Scrum
10 2,029 (8.74%) TDD
11 1,961 (8.45%) Test Automation
12 1,736 (7.48%) SDLC
13 1,726 (7.44%) Computer Science
14 1,701 (7.33%) Microservices
15 1,491 (6.42%) Mentoring
16 1,468 (6.32%) Data Modelling
17 1,297 (5.59%) Continuous Integration
18 1,271 (5.48%) Web Development
19 1,255 (5.41%) Data Science
20 1,237 (5.33%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 7,679 (33.08%) C#
2 5,556 (23.94%) JavaScript
3 4,254 (18.33%) Java
4 4,110 (17.71%) Python
5 2,948 (12.70%) T-SQL
6 1,285 (5.54%) PowerShell
7 1,157 (4.98%) PL/SQL
8 1,024 (4.41%) R
9 951 (4.10%) PHP
10 889 (3.83%) C++
11 644 (2.77%) VB.NET
12 576 (2.48%) TypeScript
12 576 (2.48%) VBA
13 525 (2.26%) Scala
14 503 (2.17%) C
15 460 (1.98%) Bash Shell
16 395 (1.70%) VB
17 372 (1.60%) Java 8
17 372 (1.60%) Ruby
18 358 (1.54%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,866 (12.35%) Degree
2 846 (3.64%) Computer Science Degree
3 458 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
4 416 (1.79%) Security Cleared
5 270 (1.16%) SC Cleared
6 232 (1.00%) ISTQB
7 165 (0.71%) MCSE
8 156 (0.67%) ISEB
9 150 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
10 134 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
10 134 (0.58%) PhD
11 122 (0.53%) MCSA
12 120 (0.52%) Master's Degree
13 116 (0.50%) DV Cleared
14 114 (0.49%) CCNA
15 88 (0.38%) MCP
16 75 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 52 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 51 (0.22%) HND
19 50 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,395 (6.01%) QA
2 641 (2.76%) Data Quality
3 399 (1.72%) SLA
4 209 (0.90%) GDPR
5 105 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 55 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 33 (0.14%) DICOM
8 32 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
8 32 (0.14%) PMO
9 30 (0.13%) MiFID
10 28 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 26 (0.11%) Solvency II
12 25 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 22 (0.095%) EMIR
14 18 (0.078%) HL7
14 18 (0.078%) IFRS
15 14 (0.060%) COBIT
15 14 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials
15 14 (0.060%) ISO 9001
16 11 (0.047%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,707 (7.35%) Docker
2 1,182 (5.09%) Active Directory
3 569 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 466 (2.01%) Hyper-V
5 137 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
6 125 (0.54%) XenApp
7 114 (0.49%) vSphere
8 93 (0.40%) HDFS
9 90 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
10 87 (0.37%) VirtualBox
11 76 (0.33%) Firmware
12 64 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
13 61 (0.26%) XenDesktop
14 55 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
15 37 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
16 36 (0.16%) Terminal Services
17 19 (0.082%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 15 (0.065%) Microsoft Virtual Server
19 14 (0.060%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
20 12 (0.052%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 1,080 (4.65%) Kubernetes
2 494 (2.13%) Ansible
3 484 (2.09%) Terraform
4 343 (1.48%) Puppet
5 294 (1.27%) SCCM
6 195 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
7 131 (0.56%) SCOM
8 112 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
9 84 (0.36%) Grafana
10 78 (0.34%) Nagios
11 77 (0.33%) Packer
12 68 (0.29%) Prometheus
13 65 (0.28%) WSUS
14 61 (0.26%) Kibana
15 57 (0.25%) Data Guard
16 54 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
17 44 (0.19%) Control-M
18 41 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
19 39 (0.17%) Backup Exec
19 39 (0.17%) Graphite
Vendors
1 5,330 (22.96%) Microsoft
2 2,877 (12.39%) Oracle
3 1,238 (5.33%) Tableau
4 876 (3.77%) VMware
5 715 (3.08%) Google
6 555 (2.39%) SAP
7 435 (1.87%) IBM
8 339 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
9 310 (1.34%) Informatica
10 307 (1.32%) Citrix
11 296 (1.28%) Cisco
12 240 (1.03%) Bloomberg
13 206 (0.89%) HP
14 184 (0.79%) Cognos
15 183 (0.79%) WorldPay
16 175 (0.75%) Sybase
17 168 (0.72%) Databricks
18 163 (0.70%) Talend
19 160 (0.69%) Xamarin
20 157 (0.68%) Teradata