Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 33,232 37,207 38,753
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.32% 20.58% 20.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.80% 37.23% 38.67%
Number of salaries quoted 28,080 31,173 33,856
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £29,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,293 99,948 100,212
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.20% 55.29% 52.79%
Number of salaries quoted 75,210 82,278 86,485
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 30,832 £50,000 +11.11% 5,164
UK excluding London 0 18,890 £42,500 +3.66% 3,757
London 0 13,733 £60,000 +9.09% 1,762
South East 0 6,114 £45,000 +5.88% 878
North of England 0 4,473 £42,500 +6.25% 1,032
Midlands -1 2,747 £41,500 +3.75% 705
North West 0 2,338 £42,500 +6.25% 553
East of England 0 1,968 £45,000 +3.45% 364
Yorkshire 0 1,856 £42,500 - 395
South West -2 1,783 £41,000 +2.50% 428
West Midlands -1 1,637 £42,500 +6.25% 420
Scotland +1 1,402 £45,000 +12.50% 213
East Midlands -1 1,113 £40,000 +6.67% 284
Wales 0 395 £40,000 +6.67% 96
North East -2 286 £43,500 +8.75% 84
Northern Ireland -1 105 £37,500 +7.14% 47
Channel Islands -7 6 £62,500 +4.17% 1
Isle of Man -1 2 - -

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,051 (33.25%) SQL Server
2 10,908 (32.82%) C#
3 10,868 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
4 9,997 (30.08%) .NET
5 8,843 (26.61%) Finance
6 8,554 (25.74%) JavaScript
7 8,239 (24.79%) Microsoft
8 7,081 (21.31%) Java
9 6,365 (19.15%) HTML
10 5,392 (16.23%) CSS
11 5,200 (15.65%) T-SQL
12 5,108 (15.37%) MVC
13 5,059 (15.22%) Microsoft Azure
14 4,958 (14.92%) Business Intelligence
15 4,845 (14.58%) Degree
16 4,820 (14.50%) Windows
17 4,806 (14.46%) Python
18 4,695 (14.13%) Oracle
19 4,683 (14.09%) ASP.NET
20 4,219 (12.70%) Problem-Solving
21 4,139 (12.45%) Linux
22 3,814 (11.48%) Amazon AWS
23 3,716 (11.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 3,702 (11.14%) AngularJS
25 3,700 (11.13%) TDD
26 3,656 (11.00%) Software Engineering
27 3,580 (10.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
28 3,568 (10.74%) Web Services
29 3,526 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
30 3,426 (10.31%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,287 (3.87%) IIS
2 1,154 (3.47%) SharePoint
3 867 (2.61%) Apache Spark
4 774 (2.33%) Apache
5 629 (1.89%) Tomcat
6 597 (1.80%) SAS
7 581 (1.75%) CMS
8 573 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
9 558 (1.68%) Confluence
10 458 (1.38%) MS Exchange
11 345 (1.04%) JBoss
12 312 (0.94%) WebSphere
13 249 (0.75%) Umbraco
14 236 (0.71%) WebLogic
15 230 (0.69%) nginx
16 188 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
17 177 (0.53%) Skype for Business
18 164 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 158 (0.48%) WordPress
20 132 (0.40%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 1,871 (5.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,006 (3.03%) Microsoft Office
3 303 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 150 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 149 (0.45%) SPSS
6 97 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
7 63 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 50 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 43 (0.13%) Chatbot
10 27 (0.081%) AutoCAD
11 25 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 19 (0.057%) InfoPath
12 19 (0.057%) Stata
13 15 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
14 9 (0.027%) Revit
15 7 (0.021%) EngageOne
15 7 (0.021%) GNU Octave
16 6 (0.018%) Windchill
17 5 (0.015%) Maya
18 4 (0.012%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 589 (1.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 259 (0.78%) Dynamics NAV
3 237 (0.71%) Dynamics AX
4 176 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
5 138 (0.42%) Markit EDM
5 138 (0.42%) thinkFolio
6 103 (0.31%) Magento
7 100 (0.30%) NetSuite
8 72 (0.22%) Front Arena
8 72 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
9 69 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
10 67 (0.20%) Cognos TM1
11 56 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
11 56 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
12 49 (0.15%) Eloqua
12 49 (0.15%) SAP Business One
13 47 (0.14%) Actimize
13 47 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
14 43 (0.13%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 43 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 5,059 (15.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,814 (11.48%) Amazon AWS
3 958 (2.88%) SaaS
4 941 (2.83%) Office 365
5 550 (1.66%) PaaS
6 534 (1.61%) GitHub
7 496 (1.49%) Google Cloud Platform
8 418 (1.26%) IaaS
9 402 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
10 379 (1.14%) Amazon S3
11 344 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
12 339 (1.02%) Serverless
13 284 (0.85%) Azure Active Directory
14 244 (0.73%) Azure Data Factory
15 243 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
16 234 (0.70%) Google Analytics
17 212 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
18 195 (0.59%) npm
19 164 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 157 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 765 (2.30%) Firewall
2 646 (1.94%) DNS
3 612 (1.84%) TCP/IP
4 514 (1.55%) Internet
5 439 (1.32%) HTTP
6 420 (1.26%) SAN
7 348 (1.05%) WAN
8 347 (1.04%) LAN
9 331 (1.00%) VPN
10 290 (0.87%) DHCP
11 211 (0.63%) Network Security
12 199 (0.60%) VLAN
13 193 (0.58%) SSL
14 180 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
15 174 (0.52%) Intranet
16 173 (0.52%) Skype
17 160 (0.48%) SMS
18 146 (0.44%) VoIP
19 124 (0.37%) NAS
20 115 (0.35%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11,051 (33.25%) SQL Server
2 3,716 (11.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,580 (10.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3,112 (9.36%) Data Warehouse
5 2,727 (8.21%) Relational Database
6 2,648 (7.97%) NoSQL
7 2,253 (6.78%) MySQL
8 1,944 (5.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 1,916 (5.77%) Power BI
10 1,871 (5.63%) Big Data
11 1,324 (3.98%) PostgreSQL
12 1,294 (3.89%) MongoDB
13 1,165 (3.51%) Hadoop
14 1,135 (3.42%) SQL Server 2008
15 1,066 (3.21%) SQL Server 2012
16 1,045 (3.14%) Oracle Database
17 883 (2.66%) RDBMS
18 758 (2.28%) SQL Server 2016
19 691 (2.08%) Azure SQL Database
20 601 (1.81%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,426 (10.31%) Git (software)
2 1,959 (5.89%) Visual Studio
3 1,685 (5.07%) Jenkins
4 1,646 (4.95%) JIRA
5 1,634 (4.92%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,208 (3.64%) Selenium
7 834 (2.51%) TeamCity
8 744 (2.24%) Subversion
9 709 (2.13%) Maven
10 681 (2.05%) JUnit
11 579 (1.74%) Octopus Deploy
12 558 (1.68%) Cucumber
13 523 (1.57%) NUnit
14 441 (1.33%) Visual Studio Team System
15 419 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 396 (1.19%) Eclipse
17 366 (1.10%) SpecFlow
18 278 (0.84%) WebDriver
19 248 (0.75%) Gradle
20 244 (0.73%) Protractor
General
1 8,843 (26.61%) Finance
2 2,400 (7.22%) Banking
3 1,700 (5.12%) Retail
4 1,367 (4.11%) Marketing
5 867 (2.61%) Advertising
5 867 (2.61%) Front Office
6 669 (2.01%) Telecoms
7 661 (1.99%) Investment Banking
8 620 (1.87%) Manufacturing
9 557 (1.68%) Games
10 523 (1.57%) Legal
11 380 (1.14%) Back Office
12 364 (1.10%) Law
13 327 (0.98%) Financial Institution
14 228 (0.69%) Electronics
15 194 (0.58%) Automotive
16 174 (0.52%) Publishing
17 155 (0.47%) French Language
18 136 (0.41%) German Language
19 86 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 15,478 (46.58%) Developer
2 5,231 (15.74%) Analyst
3 4,036 (12.14%) .NET Developer
4 3,910 (11.77%) C# Developer
5 2,751 (8.28%) SQL Developer
6 2,591 (7.80%) Senior Developer
7 2,358 (7.10%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,321 (6.98%) Java Developer
9 2,243 (6.75%) Software Developer
10 1,483 (4.46%) Applications Support
11 1,407 (4.23%) DBA
12 1,357 (4.08%) Software Engineer
13 1,299 (3.91%) Consultant
14 1,288 (3.88%) Support Analyst
15 1,216 (3.66%) Architect
16 1,210 (3.64%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 1,171 (3.52%) Junior
18 1,043 (3.14%) SQL DBA
19 990 (2.98%) ASP.NET Developer
20 922 (2.77%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,997 (30.08%) .NET
2 6,365 (19.15%) HTML
3 5,392 (16.23%) CSS
4 4,683 (14.09%) ASP.NET
5 3,702 (11.14%) AngularJS
6 3,568 (10.74%) Web Services
7 2,722 (8.19%) XML
8 2,620 (7.88%) jQuery
9 2,272 (6.84%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,065 (6.21%) .NET Framework
11 2,046 (6.16%) Spring
12 2,012 (6.05%) REST
13 1,963 (5.91%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,902 (5.72%) HTML5
15 1,641 (4.94%) RESTful
16 1,604 (4.83%) React
17 1,424 (4.29%) SOAP
18 1,337 (4.02%) JSON
19 1,300 (3.91%) WCF
20 1,239 (3.73%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 3,526 (10.61%) Analytical Skills
2 2,663 (8.01%) Computer Science
3 1,466 (4.41%) Greenfield Project
4 1,423 (4.28%) Fintech
5 1,037 (3.12%) Enterprise Software
5 1,037 (3.12%) Self-Motivation
6 866 (2.61%) Management Information System
7 842 (2.53%) User Experience
8 780 (2.35%) Algorithms
9 651 (1.96%) Data Structures
10 635 (1.91%) Mobile App
11 617 (1.86%) Equities
12 613 (1.84%) Hedge funds
13 593 (1.78%) Fixed Income
14 583 (1.75%) Derivative
15 573 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 485 (1.46%) Replication
17 447 (1.35%) Clustering
18 390 (1.17%) Data Centre
19 329 (0.99%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,820 (14.50%) Windows
2 4,139 (12.45%) Linux
3 2,020 (6.08%) Unix
4 1,689 (5.08%) Windows Server
5 515 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
6 504 (1.52%) Android
7 501 (1.51%) Windows Server 2008
8 429 (1.29%) Apple iOS
9 371 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 310 (0.93%) Windows 10
11 308 (0.93%) Windows 7
12 243 (0.73%) CentOS
13 195 (0.59%) Solaris
14 184 (0.55%) Ubuntu
15 119 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
16 108 (0.32%) AIX
17 104 (0.31%) Windows 8
18 93 (0.28%) VMS
19 66 (0.20%) Mac OS
20 51 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,868 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
2 5,108 (15.37%) MVC
3 4,958 (14.92%) Business Intelligence
4 4,219 (12.70%) Problem-Solving
5 3,700 (11.13%) TDD
6 3,656 (11.00%) Software Engineering
7 3,350 (10.08%) Analytics
8 3,204 (9.64%) Scrum
9 3,065 (9.22%) Test Automation
10 2,778 (8.36%) ETL
11 2,572 (7.74%) DevOps
12 2,454 (7.38%) OO
13 2,450 (7.37%) Continuous Integration
14 2,395 (7.21%) SDLC
15 1,920 (5.78%) Web Development
16 1,823 (5.49%) Microservices
17 1,755 (5.28%) Mentoring
18 1,721 (5.18%) Data Modelling
19 1,679 (5.05%) Unit Testing
20 1,660 (5.00%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 10,908 (32.82%) C#
2 8,554 (25.74%) JavaScript
3 7,081 (21.31%) Java
4 5,200 (15.65%) T-SQL
5 4,806 (14.46%) Python
6 2,003 (6.03%) PL/SQL
7 1,899 (5.71%) PowerShell
8 1,782 (5.36%) C++
9 1,426 (4.29%) PHP
10 1,040 (3.13%) R
11 982 (2.95%) VB.NET
12 850 (2.56%) VBA
13 802 (2.41%) C
14 783 (2.36%) Ruby
15 768 (2.31%) Scala
16 755 (2.27%) Bash Shell
17 731 (2.20%) Shell Script
18 686 (2.06%) Java 8
19 677 (2.04%) Perl
20 673 (2.03%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,845 (14.58%) Degree
2 1,279 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 653 (1.96%) Security Cleared
4 618 (1.86%) Microsoft Certification
5 345 (1.04%) SC Cleared
6 338 (1.02%) ISTQB
7 335 (1.01%) ISEB
8 269 (0.81%) MCSE
9 226 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
10 219 (0.66%) PhD
11 209 (0.63%) Master's Degree
12 205 (0.62%) MCSA
13 141 (0.42%) DV Cleared
14 132 (0.40%) CISSP
15 127 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 123 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
17 121 (0.36%) MCP
18 114 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
19 105 (0.32%) CCNA
19 105 (0.32%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,885 (5.67%) QA
2 709 (2.13%) Data Quality
3 461 (1.39%) SLA
4 333 (1.00%) GDPR
5 241 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 142 (0.43%) PCI DSS
7 86 (0.26%) PMO
8 41 (0.12%) MiFID
9 37 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
10 29 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 26 (0.078%) Solvency II
12 25 (0.075%) FATCA
12 25 (0.075%) HL7
12 25 (0.075%) IFRS
13 22 (0.066%) IFRS 9
14 20 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
15 19 (0.057%) ISO 9001
16 17 (0.051%) Dodd-Frank
17 16 (0.048%) EMIR
17 16 (0.048%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,725 (5.19%) Active Directory
2 1,578 (4.75%) Docker
3 961 (2.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 576 (1.73%) Hyper-V
5 352 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
6 223 (0.67%) vSphere
7 151 (0.45%) HDFS
8 149 (0.45%) XenApp
9 144 (0.43%) Oracle RAC
10 103 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
11 93 (0.28%) XenDesktop
12 78 (0.23%) VirtualBox
13 63 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
14 58 (0.17%) Terminal Services
15 52 (0.16%) Xen
16 46 (0.14%) XenServer
17 39 (0.12%) Apache Flume
18 37 (0.11%) KVM
19 36 (0.11%) Firmware
20 34 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 939 (2.83%) Ansible
2 773 (2.33%) Puppet
3 667 (2.01%) Opscode Chef
4 653 (1.96%) Kubernetes
5 425 (1.28%) Terraform
6 366 (1.10%) SCCM
7 176 (0.53%) SCOM
8 131 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
9 129 (0.39%) Nagios
10 122 (0.37%) Kibana
11 105 (0.32%) Oozie
12 96 (0.29%) Data Guard
13 88 (0.26%) Prometheus
14 84 (0.25%) Salt
15 82 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
16 80 (0.24%) Packer
17 77 (0.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
18 75 (0.23%) logstash
18 75 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
19 74 (0.22%) Control-M
Vendors
1 8,239 (24.79%) Microsoft
2 4,695 (14.13%) Oracle
3 1,511 (4.55%) Tableau
4 1,459 (4.39%) VMware
5 925 (2.78%) Google
6 763 (2.30%) SAP
7 551 (1.66%) Citrix
8 541 (1.63%) Cisco
9 469 (1.41%) IBM
10 463 (1.39%) Red Hat
11 427 (1.28%) Xamarin
12 379 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
13 346 (1.04%) Cognos
14 315 (0.95%) Sybase
15 294 (0.88%) Informatica
16 275 (0.83%) HP
17 243 (0.73%) Atlassian
18 238 (0.72%) Adobe
19 233 (0.70%) Splunk
20 219 (0.66%) New Relic