Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 30,293 35,724 35,753
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.95% 20.60% 20.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.33% 37.08% 38.49%
Number of salaries quoted 25,523 30,281 30,989
UK median annual salary £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
10th Percentile £29,750 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 83,384 96,356 92,886
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.92% 55.55% 53.21%
Number of salaries quoted 68,982 80,466 79,768
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 28,053 £50,000 +11.11% 5,068
UK excluding London 0 17,039 £42,500 - 3,645
London 0 12,725 £60,000 +9.09% 1,768
South East 0 5,578 £45,000 +5.88% 871
North of England 0 3,911 £42,500 +6.25% 1,023
Midlands -1 2,431 £41,500 +3.75% 629
North West -1 2,004 £45,000 +12.50% 517
East of England 0 1,764 £44,400 -1.33% 361
South West -2 1,657 £40,000 - 418
Yorkshire 0 1,654 £42,500 +2.41% 436
West Midlands 0 1,425 £42,500 +6.25% 368
Scotland +1 1,256 £45,000 +5.88% 200
East Midlands +2 1,006 £40,000 +6.67% 260
Wales -1 339 £37,500 +7.14% 109
North East -1 260 £47,500 +21.92% 70
Northern Ireland +4 193 £37,500 +7.14% 36
Channel Islands -6 2 £85,000 +41.67%

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 10,152 (33.51%) Agile Software Development
2 10,057 (33.20%) C#
3 9,821 (32.42%) SQL Server
4 9,140 (30.17%) .NET
5 7,586 (25.04%) Finance
6 7,518 (24.82%) Microsoft
7 7,457 (24.62%) JavaScript
8 6,316 (20.85%) Java
9 5,489 (18.12%) HTML
10 4,922 (16.25%) Microsoft Azure
11 4,781 (15.78%) Python
12 4,643 (15.33%) CSS
13 4,632 (15.29%) Windows
14 4,575 (15.10%) Business Intelligence
15 4,492 (14.83%) T-SQL
16 4,487 (14.81%) MVC
17 4,308 (14.22%) Degree
18 4,291 (14.16%) ASP.NET
19 4,174 (13.78%) Oracle
20 3,941 (13.01%) Linux
21 3,633 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
22 3,605 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
23 3,439 (11.35%) Software Engineering
24 3,272 (10.80%) TDD
25 3,233 (10.67%) Analytics
26 3,224 (10.64%) AngularJS
26 3,224 (10.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
27 3,123 (10.31%) Git (software)
28 3,083 (10.18%) Analytical Skills
29 3,079 (10.16%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,206 (3.98%) IIS
2 1,089 (3.59%) SharePoint
3 839 (2.77%) Apache Spark
4 725 (2.39%) Apache
5 582 (1.92%) SAS
6 553 (1.83%) Tomcat
7 543 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
8 495 (1.63%) CMS
9 484 (1.60%) Confluence
10 423 (1.40%) MS Exchange
11 274 (0.90%) JBoss
12 253 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 218 (0.72%) Umbraco
14 200 (0.66%) nginx
15 185 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
16 166 (0.55%) WebLogic
17 164 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
18 141 (0.47%) Apache Solr
19 135 (0.45%) Skype for Business
20 128 (0.42%) WordPress
Applications
1 1,656 (5.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 986 (3.25%) Microsoft Office
3 315 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 138 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 128 (0.42%) SPSS
6 60 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 57 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 42 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
9 34 (0.11%) AutoCAD
10 27 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 21 (0.069%) Chatbot
12 18 (0.059%) InfoPath
13 16 (0.053%) Adobe Illustrator
14 13 (0.043%) Stata
15 8 (0.026%) Windchill
16 6 (0.020%) EngageOne
17 5 (0.017%) Maya
17 5 (0.017%) Revit
18 4 (0.013%) 3ds Max
18 4 (0.013%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 488 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 215 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
3 180 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
4 135 (0.45%) Dynamics NAV
5 125 (0.41%) thinkFolio
6 119 (0.39%) Magento
7 96 (0.32%) Markit EDM
8 95 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
9 79 (0.26%) NetSuite
10 69 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
11 60 (0.20%) Cognos TM1
12 58 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
13 57 (0.19%) Front Arena
14 45 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
15 43 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
16 42 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
16 42 (0.14%) SAP Business One
17 41 (0.14%) FastStats
18 40 (0.13%) Oracle Payroll
19 38 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 4,922 (16.25%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,633 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
3 996 (3.29%) SaaS
4 939 (3.10%) Office 365
5 631 (2.08%) Google Cloud Platform
6 537 (1.77%) PaaS
7 459 (1.52%) GitHub
8 382 (1.26%) IaaS
9 357 (1.18%) Serverless
10 339 (1.12%) Amazon EC2
11 322 (1.06%) Amazon S3
12 296 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
13 294 (0.97%) Azure Active Directory
14 251 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
15 245 (0.81%) Azure Data Factory
16 197 (0.65%) Google Analytics
17 190 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
18 183 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 174 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
20 133 (0.44%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 755 (2.49%) Firewall
2 611 (2.02%) DNS
3 573 (1.89%) TCP/IP
4 463 (1.53%) Internet
5 396 (1.31%) WAN
6 390 (1.29%) LAN
7 389 (1.28%) SAN
8 377 (1.24%) HTTP
9 306 (1.01%) VPN
10 275 (0.91%) DHCP
11 231 (0.76%) Network Security
12 202 (0.67%) VLAN
13 196 (0.65%) SSL
14 183 (0.60%) Wi-Fi
15 169 (0.56%) Intranet
16 155 (0.51%) VoIP
17 122 (0.40%) Skype
18 113 (0.37%) FTP
19 105 (0.35%) Wireless
20 103 (0.34%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9,821 (32.42%) SQL Server
2 3,224 (10.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,063 (10.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,789 (9.21%) Data Warehouse
5 2,475 (8.17%) NoSQL
6 2,401 (7.93%) Relational Database
7 1,891 (6.24%) MySQL
8 1,833 (6.05%) Power BI
9 1,676 (5.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,651 (5.45%) Big Data
11 1,263 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
12 1,149 (3.79%) MongoDB
13 1,090 (3.60%) Hadoop
14 965 (3.19%) SQL Server 2008
15 893 (2.95%) Oracle Database
16 862 (2.85%) SQL Server 2012
17 754 (2.49%) RDBMS
18 732 (2.42%) Azure SQL Database
19 685 (2.26%) SQL Server 2016
20 623 (2.06%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,123 (10.31%) Git (software)
2 1,869 (6.17%) Visual Studio
3 1,512 (4.99%) JIRA
4 1,494 (4.93%) Jenkins
5 1,401 (4.62%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,100 (3.63%) Selenium
7 759 (2.51%) TeamCity
8 614 (2.03%) Subversion
9 537 (1.77%) Maven
10 531 (1.75%) Cucumber
11 522 (1.72%) JUnit
12 521 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
13 456 (1.51%) NUnit
14 383 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 381 (1.26%) Visual Studio Team System
16 364 (1.20%) Eclipse
17 319 (1.05%) SpecFlow
18 249 (0.82%) WebDriver
19 237 (0.78%) Oracle Forms
20 222 (0.73%) SoapUI
General
1 7,586 (25.04%) Finance
2 2,170 (7.16%) Banking
3 1,433 (4.73%) Retail
4 1,292 (4.27%) Marketing
5 839 (2.77%) Front Office
6 630 (2.08%) Telecoms
7 567 (1.87%) Advertising
8 543 (1.79%) Investment Banking
9 482 (1.59%) Manufacturing
10 473 (1.56%) Legal
11 457 (1.51%) Games
12 373 (1.23%) Law
13 336 (1.11%) Back Office
14 208 (0.69%) Electronics
15 201 (0.66%) Financial Institution
16 176 (0.58%) Publishing
17 154 (0.51%) Automotive
18 147 (0.49%) French Language
19 128 (0.42%) German Language
20 108 (0.36%) Billing
Job Titles
1 13,707 (45.25%) Developer
2 4,846 (16.00%) Analyst
3 3,633 (11.99%) .NET Developer
4 3,451 (11.39%) C# Developer
5 2,363 (7.80%) SQL Developer
6 2,242 (7.40%) Senior Developer
7 2,123 (7.01%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,116 (6.99%) Software Developer
9 1,935 (6.39%) Java Developer
10 1,377 (4.55%) Applications Support
11 1,296 (4.28%) Software Engineer
12 1,277 (4.22%) DBA
13 1,198 (3.95%) Support Analyst
14 1,195 (3.94%) Architect
15 1,088 (3.59%) Junior
16 1,064 (3.51%) Consultant
17 1,063 (3.51%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 950 (3.14%) SQL DBA
19 888 (2.93%) Data Analyst
20 866 (2.86%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,140 (30.17%) .NET
2 5,489 (18.12%) HTML
3 4,643 (15.33%) CSS
4 4,291 (14.16%) ASP.NET
5 3,224 (10.64%) AngularJS
6 3,079 (10.16%) Web Services
7 2,510 (8.29%) XML
8 2,209 (7.29%) jQuery
9 2,018 (6.66%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,816 (5.99%) .NET Framework
11 1,781 (5.88%) ASP.NET Web API
12 1,777 (5.87%) Spring
13 1,756 (5.80%) REST
14 1,519 (5.01%) HTML5
15 1,488 (4.91%) React
16 1,472 (4.86%) RESTful
17 1,336 (4.41%) JSON
18 1,271 (4.20%) SOAP
19 1,131 (3.73%) WCF
20 1,068 (3.53%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 3,083 (10.18%) Analytical Skills
2 1,385 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
3 1,321 (4.36%) Fintech
4 986 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
5 929 (3.07%) Enterprise Software
6 814 (2.69%) Management Information System
7 748 (2.47%) Algorithms
8 703 (2.32%) User Experience
9 681 (2.25%) Hedge funds
10 672 (2.22%) Data Structures
11 577 (1.90%) Equities
12 571 (1.88%) Derivative
13 567 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 565 (1.87%) Fixed Income
15 504 (1.66%) Mobile App
16 439 (1.45%) Replication
17 414 (1.37%) Clustering
18 388 (1.28%) Data Centre
19 308 (1.02%) Virtual Team
20 273 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,632 (15.29%) Windows
2 3,941 (13.01%) Linux
3 1,833 (6.05%) Unix
4 1,627 (5.37%) Windows Server
5 434 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
6 426 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
7 412 (1.36%) Android
8 387 (1.28%) Apple iOS
9 357 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 337 (1.11%) Windows 10
11 267 (0.88%) Windows 7
12 260 (0.86%) CentOS
13 188 (0.62%) Ubuntu
14 168 (0.55%) Solaris
15 138 (0.46%) AIX
16 112 (0.37%) Windows 8
17 97 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 58 (0.19%) VMS
19 54 (0.18%) Fedora
20 53 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,152 (33.51%) Agile Software Development
2 4,575 (15.10%) Business Intelligence
3 4,487 (14.81%) MVC
4 3,605 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
5 3,439 (11.35%) Software Engineering
6 3,272 (10.80%) TDD
7 3,233 (10.67%) Analytics
8 2,854 (9.42%) Test Automation
9 2,809 (9.27%) Scrum
10 2,493 (8.23%) ETL
11 2,460 (8.12%) DevOps
12 2,449 (8.08%) Computer Science
13 2,179 (7.19%) OO
14 2,143 (7.07%) SDLC
15 2,114 (6.98%) Continuous Integration
16 1,697 (5.60%) Microservices
17 1,689 (5.58%) Web Development
18 1,649 (5.44%) Mentoring
19 1,621 (5.35%) Data Modelling
20 1,520 (5.02%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 10,057 (33.20%) C#
2 7,457 (24.62%) JavaScript
3 6,316 (20.85%) Java
4 4,781 (15.78%) Python
5 4,492 (14.83%) T-SQL
6 1,769 (5.84%) PL/SQL
6 1,769 (5.84%) PowerShell
7 1,608 (5.31%) C++
8 1,318 (4.35%) PHP
9 1,075 (3.55%) R
10 833 (2.75%) VB.NET
11 742 (2.45%) C
12 734 (2.42%) VBA
13 702 (2.32%) Scala
14 699 (2.31%) Bash Shell
15 697 (2.30%) Ruby
16 663 (2.19%) Perl
17 636 (2.10%) Shell Script
18 570 (1.88%) Java 8
19 569 (1.88%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,308 (14.22%) Degree
2 1,129 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 614 (2.03%) Microsoft Certification
4 589 (1.94%) Security Cleared
5 360 (1.19%) ISTQB
6 357 (1.18%) ISEB
7 348 (1.15%) SC Cleared
8 281 (0.93%) MCSE
9 226 (0.75%) MCSA
10 199 (0.66%) PhD
11 188 (0.62%) Master's Degree
12 163 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
13 158 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
14 155 (0.51%) CISSP
15 154 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 135 (0.45%) SANS
17 117 (0.39%) MCP
18 109 (0.36%) CREST Certified
19 107 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
20 106 (0.35%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,867 (6.16%) QA
2 767 (2.53%) Data Quality
3 437 (1.44%) SLA
4 414 (1.37%) GDPR
5 294 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 146 (0.48%) PCI DSS
7 81 (0.27%) PMO
8 50 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
9 46 (0.15%) MiFID
10 35 (0.12%) Solvency II
11 30 (0.099%) HL7
12 29 (0.096%) HIPAA
13 26 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 22 (0.073%) IFRS
15 21 (0.069%) FATCA
16 20 (0.066%) ISO 9001
17 18 (0.059%) Actionable Recommendations
18 17 (0.056%) Dodd-Frank
18 17 (0.056%) IFRS 9
19 15 (0.050%) DICOM
System Software
1 1,661 (5.48%) Active Directory
2 1,560 (5.15%) Docker
3 979 (3.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 565 (1.87%) Hyper-V
5 327 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
6 179 (0.59%) vSphere
7 137 (0.45%) XenApp
8 127 (0.42%) HDFS
9 116 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
10 92 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
11 91 (0.30%) XenDesktop
12 68 (0.22%) VirtualBox
13 59 (0.19%) Apache Flume
14 52 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 44 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
16 39 (0.13%) Terminal Services
17 35 (0.12%) XenServer
18 29 (0.096%) KVM
19 26 (0.086%) Xen
20 25 (0.083%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 873 (2.88%) Ansible
2 706 (2.33%) Puppet
3 701 (2.31%) Kubernetes
4 559 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
5 444 (1.47%) Terraform
6 336 (1.11%) SCCM
7 141 (0.47%) Oozie
8 140 (0.46%) Nagios
9 137 (0.45%) SCOM
10 106 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
11 104 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
12 101 (0.33%) Kibana
13 100 (0.33%) Prometheus
14 94 (0.31%) Salt
15 86 (0.28%) Grafana
16 76 (0.25%) Data Guard
17 71 (0.23%) Control-M
17 71 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
18 70 (0.23%) WSUS
19 67 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 7,518 (24.82%) Microsoft
2 4,174 (13.78%) Oracle
3 1,536 (5.07%) Tableau
4 1,424 (4.70%) VMware
5 860 (2.84%) Google
6 782 (2.58%) SAP
7 565 (1.87%) Cisco
8 551 (1.82%) Citrix
9 467 (1.54%) Red Hat
10 435 (1.44%) IBM
11 375 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
12 322 (1.06%) Xamarin
13 298 (0.98%) Cognos
14 272 (0.90%) HP
15 237 (0.78%) Splunk
16 225 (0.74%) Adobe
17 206 (0.68%) Atlassian
18 205 (0.68%) Informatica
19 202 (0.67%) Sitecore
19 202 (0.67%) Sybase