Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 36,449 37,579 42,180
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.02% 21.03% 20.84%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.60% 37.93% 39.80%
Number of salaries quoted 30,472 31,713 36,849
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%
10th Percentile £29,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96,936 99,071 105,972
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.90% 55.44% 52.35%
Number of salaries quoted 80,564 82,705 91,646
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,500 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 34,006 £47,500 +5.56% 4,451
UK excluding London 0 21,133 £42,500 +6.25% 3,163
London 0 14,590 £57,500 +4.55% 1,576
South East -1 6,482 £45,000 +5.88% 761
North of England 0 5,024 £42,500 +6.25% 926
Midlands -2 3,217 £40,000 - 555
North West 0 2,625 £40,500 +1.25% 505
East of England +1 2,442 £45,000 +5.88% 310
South West -1 2,165 £40,000 +2.56% 317
Yorkshire 0 2,055 £42,500 +2.41% 351
West Midlands -2 1,902 £41,125 +2.81% 335
Scotland +1 1,466 £45,000 +12.50% 190
East Midlands 0 1,313 £40,000 - 220
Wales +2 370 £40,000 +3.90% 62
North East -2 346 £42,500 +11.84% 70
Northern Ireland -6 71 £34,000 -15.00% 37
Channel Islands +8 10 £45,000 -18.18%
Isle of Man -2 8 £40,000 -30.43% 5

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 12,051 (33.06%) SQL Server
2 11,744 (32.22%) C#
3 11,416 (31.32%) Agile Software Development
4 10,899 (29.90%) .NET
5 9,617 (26.38%) Finance
6 9,507 (26.08%) JavaScript
7 9,366 (25.70%) Microsoft
8 7,670 (21.04%) Java
9 7,122 (19.54%) HTML
10 6,118 (16.79%) CSS
11 5,644 (15.48%) T-SQL
12 5,559 (15.25%) MVC
13 5,395 (14.80%) Business Intelligence
14 5,357 (14.70%) Degree
15 5,329 (14.62%) Oracle
16 5,273 (14.47%) ASP.NET
17 5,099 (13.99%) Windows
18 4,923 (13.51%) Microsoft Azure
19 4,790 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
20 4,557 (12.50%) Python
21 4,238 (11.63%) Linux
22 4,218 (11.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 4,167 (11.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
24 4,087 (11.21%) AngularJS
25 3,999 (10.97%) TDD
26 3,989 (10.94%) Analytical Skills
27 3,969 (10.89%) Software Engineering
28 3,695 (10.14%) Git (software)
29 3,669 (10.07%) Web Services
30 3,647 (10.01%) Amazon AWS

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,229 (3.37%) IIS
2 1,179 (3.23%) SharePoint
3 997 (2.74%) Apache Spark
4 799 (2.19%) Apache
5 712 (1.95%) SAS
6 691 (1.90%) Tomcat
7 670 (1.84%) Confluence
8 634 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
9 560 (1.54%) CMS
10 516 (1.42%) MS Exchange
11 417 (1.14%) JBoss
12 387 (1.06%) WebSphere
13 317 (0.87%) WebLogic
14 269 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 234 (0.64%) Umbraco
16 194 (0.53%) nginx
17 193 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
18 191 (0.52%) Skype for Business
19 188 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
20 168 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 2,022 (5.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,091 (2.99%) Microsoft Office
3 271 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 170 (0.47%) MS Visio
5 154 (0.42%) SPSS
6 137 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
7 107 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
8 60 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 36 (0.099%) Photoshop
10 32 (0.088%) InfoPath
11 14 (0.038%) AutoCAD
11 14 (0.038%) GNU Octave
12 12 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 11 (0.030%) Stata
14 10 (0.027%) Revit
15 7 (0.019%) InVision
16 5 (0.014%) Weka
17 4 (0.011%) Adobe Illustrator
17 4 (0.011%) Doxygen
17 4 (0.011%) ProjectWise
Business Applications
1 564 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 485 (1.33%) Dynamics NAV
3 349 (0.96%) Dynamics AX
4 221 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
5 161 (0.44%) NetSuite
6 152 (0.42%) Markit EDM
7 146 (0.40%) thinkFolio
8 112 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
9 108 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
10 100 (0.27%) Elite 3E
11 92 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
12 91 (0.25%) Magento
13 82 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
14 78 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
15 75 (0.21%) SAP Business One
16 70 (0.19%) Front Arena
17 67 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
17 67 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
18 65 (0.18%) Relativity
19 61 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 4,923 (13.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,647 (10.01%) Amazon AWS
3 902 (2.47%) Office 365
4 861 (2.36%) SaaS
5 719 (1.97%) GitHub
6 470 (1.29%) IaaS
7 450 (1.23%) PaaS
8 391 (1.07%) Google Cloud Platform
9 368 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
10 366 (1.00%) Amazon S3
11 359 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
12 342 (0.94%) Azure Data Factory
13 321 (0.88%) Serverless
14 295 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
15 248 (0.68%) npm
16 233 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
16 233 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
17 218 (0.60%) Google Analytics
18 141 (0.39%) Amazon SQS
19 131 (0.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 707 (1.94%) Firewall
2 677 (1.86%) DNS
3 624 (1.71%) TCP/IP
4 510 (1.40%) SAN
5 472 (1.29%) HTTP
6 469 (1.29%) Internet
7 371 (1.02%) WAN
8 352 (0.97%) LAN
9 351 (0.96%) DHCP
10 332 (0.91%) VPN
11 287 (0.79%) SMS
12 208 (0.57%) SSL
13 191 (0.52%) Skype
14 177 (0.49%) Intranet
15 174 (0.48%) VLAN
16 170 (0.47%) NAS
17 132 (0.36%) VoIP
18 107 (0.29%) Wireless
19 98 (0.27%) Network Security
20 96 (0.26%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12,051 (33.06%) SQL Server
2 4,218 (11.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 4,167 (11.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 3,258 (8.94%) Data Warehouse
5 2,960 (8.12%) NoSQL
6 2,831 (7.77%) Relational Database
7 2,569 (7.05%) MySQL
8 2,374 (6.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 2,202 (6.04%) Big Data
10 1,924 (5.28%) Power BI
11 1,490 (4.09%) MongoDB
12 1,366 (3.75%) Hadoop
13 1,349 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
14 1,217 (3.34%) Oracle Database
15 1,170 (3.21%) SQL Server 2008
16 1,125 (3.09%) SQL Server 2012
17 892 (2.45%) RDBMS
18 806 (2.21%) SQL Server 2016
19 672 (1.84%) SQL Server 2014
20 614 (1.68%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 3,695 (10.14%) Git (software)
2 1,993 (5.47%) Visual Studio
3 1,754 (4.81%) Team Foundation Server
4 1,747 (4.79%) JIRA
5 1,613 (4.43%) Jenkins
6 1,450 (3.98%) Selenium
7 976 (2.68%) Subversion
8 866 (2.38%) Maven
9 850 (2.33%) JUnit
10 807 (2.21%) TeamCity
11 602 (1.65%) Octopus Deploy
12 595 (1.63%) Cucumber
13 551 (1.51%) NUnit
14 428 (1.17%) Visual Studio Team System
15 358 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 354 (0.97%) Eclipse
17 321 (0.88%) SoapUI
18 314 (0.86%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 313 (0.86%) SpecFlow
20 309 (0.85%) Protractor
General
1 9,617 (26.38%) Finance
2 2,560 (7.02%) Banking
3 2,051 (5.63%) Retail
4 1,513 (4.15%) Marketing
5 1,435 (3.94%) Advertising
6 916 (2.51%) Front Office
7 853 (2.34%) Investment Banking
8 738 (2.02%) Manufacturing
9 705 (1.93%) Games
10 667 (1.83%) Telecoms
11 627 (1.72%) Legal
12 560 (1.54%) Financial Institution
13 460 (1.26%) Law
14 397 (1.09%) Back Office
15 247 (0.68%) Automotive
16 239 (0.66%) Electronics
17 148 (0.41%) Publishing
18 138 (0.38%) Billing
19 136 (0.37%) German Language
20 130 (0.36%) French Language
Job Titles
1 16,906 (46.38%) Developer
2 5,903 (16.20%) Analyst
3 4,582 (12.57%) .NET Developer
4 4,390 (12.04%) C# Developer
5 3,080 (8.45%) SQL Developer
6 2,841 (7.79%) Senior Developer
7 2,719 (7.46%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,616 (7.18%) Java Developer
9 2,490 (6.83%) Software Developer
10 1,758 (4.82%) Consultant
11 1,662 (4.56%) Applications Support
12 1,555 (4.27%) DBA
13 1,497 (4.11%) Support Analyst
14 1,487 (4.08%) Software Engineer
15 1,347 (3.70%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 1,269 (3.48%) Junior
17 1,239 (3.40%) Architect
18 1,116 (3.06%) ASP.NET Developer
19 1,111 (3.05%) SQL DBA
20 1,108 (3.04%) C# Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10,899 (29.90%) .NET
2 7,122 (19.54%) HTML
3 6,118 (16.79%) CSS
4 5,273 (14.47%) ASP.NET
5 4,087 (11.21%) AngularJS
6 3,669 (10.07%) Web Services
7 2,993 (8.21%) jQuery
8 2,906 (7.97%) XML
9 2,648 (7.26%) ASP.NET MVC
10 2,475 (6.79%) .NET Framework
11 2,167 (5.95%) Spring
12 2,090 (5.73%) REST
13 2,025 (5.56%) HTML5
14 2,018 (5.54%) ASP.NET Web API
15 1,853 (5.08%) RESTful
16 1,591 (4.37%) React
17 1,542 (4.23%) WCF
18 1,458 (4.00%) Entity Framework
19 1,407 (3.86%) Node.js
20 1,347 (3.70%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 3,989 (10.94%) Analytical Skills
2 2,960 (8.12%) Computer Science
3 1,517 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
4 1,356 (3.72%) Fintech
5 1,217 (3.34%) Self-Motivation
6 1,064 (2.92%) User Experience
7 1,029 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
8 933 (2.56%) Management Information System
9 852 (2.34%) Algorithms
10 833 (2.29%) Mobile App
11 634 (1.74%) Fixed Income
12 615 (1.69%) Data Structures
13 614 (1.68%) Equities
14 567 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 544 (1.49%) Hedge funds
16 536 (1.47%) Derivative
17 532 (1.46%) Replication
18 479 (1.31%) Clustering
19 395 (1.08%) Data Centre
20 356 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 5,099 (13.99%) Windows
2 4,238 (11.63%) Linux
3 2,288 (6.28%) Unix
4 1,756 (4.82%) Windows Server
5 662 (1.82%) Windows Server 2008
6 618 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
7 571 (1.57%) Android
8 427 (1.17%) Apple iOS
9 405 (1.11%) Windows 7
10 309 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 305 (0.84%) Windows 10
12 205 (0.56%) Solaris
13 175 (0.48%) CentOS
14 142 (0.39%) Ubuntu
14 142 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
15 128 (0.35%) Windows 8
16 119 (0.33%) VMS
17 94 (0.26%) AIX
18 70 (0.19%) Mac OS
19 65 (0.18%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,416 (31.32%) Agile Software Development
2 5,559 (15.25%) MVC
3 5,395 (14.80%) Business Intelligence
4 4,790 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
5 3,999 (10.97%) TDD
6 3,969 (10.89%) Software Engineering
7 3,583 (9.83%) Analytics
8 3,491 (9.58%) Scrum
9 3,296 (9.04%) Test Automation
10 3,011 (8.26%) ETL
11 2,889 (7.93%) SDLC
12 2,807 (7.70%) OO
13 2,692 (7.39%) Continuous Integration
14 2,518 (6.91%) DevOps
15 2,344 (6.43%) Web Development
16 1,955 (5.36%) Unit Testing
17 1,833 (5.03%) ITIL
18 1,813 (4.97%) BDD
19 1,800 (4.94%) Data Modelling
20 1,755 (4.81%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 11,744 (32.22%) C#
2 9,507 (26.08%) JavaScript
3 7,670 (21.04%) Java
4 5,644 (15.48%) T-SQL
5 4,557 (12.50%) Python
6 2,101 (5.76%) PL/SQL
7 1,856 (5.09%) PowerShell
8 1,830 (5.02%) C++
9 1,618 (4.44%) PHP
10 1,102 (3.02%) VB.NET
11 1,043 (2.86%) R
12 1,016 (2.79%) C
13 947 (2.60%) VBA
14 914 (2.51%) Scala
15 823 (2.26%) Ruby
16 804 (2.21%) Shell Script
17 741 (2.03%) Bash Shell
17 741 (2.03%) VB
18 738 (2.02%) Java 8
19 704 (1.93%) Perl
Qualifications
1 5,357 (14.70%) Degree
2 1,364 (3.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 791 (2.17%) Microsoft Certification
4 703 (1.93%) Security Cleared
5 353 (0.97%) ISTQB
6 313 (0.86%) SC Cleared
7 307 (0.84%) MCSE
8 305 (0.84%) ISEB
9 274 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
10 245 (0.67%) MCSA
11 212 (0.58%) PhD
12 211 (0.58%) Master's Degree
13 193 (0.53%) DV Cleared
14 173 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
15 153 (0.42%) MCP
16 132 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 110 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
18 96 (0.26%) CCNA
19 88 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
20 83 (0.23%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,972 (5.41%) QA
2 748 (2.05%) Data Quality
3 477 (1.31%) SLA
4 229 (0.63%) GDPR
5 142 (0.39%) PCI DSS
6 117 (0.32%) PMO
7 115 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 60 (0.16%) GCP
9 57 (0.16%) MiFID
10 39 (0.11%) ISO 9001
11 26 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 23 (0.063%) Solvency II
13 22 (0.060%) IFRS
14 21 (0.058%) EMIR
15 19 (0.052%) Cyber Essentials
15 19 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 18 (0.049%) IFRS 9
17 17 (0.047%) COBIT
17 17 (0.047%) WAI
18 16 (0.044%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,748 (4.80%) Active Directory
2 1,433 (3.93%) Docker
3 820 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 586 (1.61%) Hyper-V
5 365 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
6 231 (0.63%) vSphere
7 216 (0.59%) HDFS
8 164 (0.45%) XenApp
9 160 (0.44%) Oracle RAC
10 116 (0.32%) XenDesktop
11 108 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
12 78 (0.21%) VirtualBox
13 76 (0.21%) Apache Flume
14 59 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 50 (0.14%) Xen
15 50 (0.14%) XenServer
16 47 (0.13%) Terminal Services
17 43 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
18 39 (0.11%) Firmware
19 31 (0.085%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 848 (2.33%) Ansible
2 740 (2.03%) Puppet
3 625 (1.71%) Opscode Chef
4 462 (1.27%) Kubernetes
5 367 (1.01%) SCCM
6 282 (0.77%) Terraform
7 197 (0.54%) SCOM
8 142 (0.39%) Kibana
9 132 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 130 (0.36%) Nagios
11 126 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
12 109 (0.30%) Data Guard
12 109 (0.30%) logstash
13 104 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
14 100 (0.27%) Failover Clustering
15 87 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
16 80 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
17 79 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 72 (0.20%) Control-M
19 71 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 9,366 (25.70%) Microsoft
2 5,329 (14.62%) Oracle
3 1,496 (4.10%) Tableau
4 1,377 (3.78%) VMware
5 969 (2.66%) Google
6 815 (2.24%) SAP
7 539 (1.48%) Citrix
8 526 (1.44%) IBM
9 502 (1.38%) Cisco
10 499 (1.37%) Xamarin
11 471 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
12 439 (1.20%) Sybase
13 371 (1.02%) Informatica
14 355 (0.97%) HP
15 351 (0.96%) Red Hat
16 325 (0.89%) Capita
17 302 (0.83%) Cognos
18 291 (0.80%) Talend
19 265 (0.73%) WorldPay
20 264 (0.72%) Atlassian