Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 21 24
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 13,447 14,923 14,874
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.86% 9.15% 8.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.71% 9.96% 8.97%
Number of salaries quoted 10,364 11,986 11,927
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £29,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 125,565 149,807 165,898
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.04% 91.83% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 99,277 119,197 131,290
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.18%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 12,233 £57,500 +4.55% 2,383
UK excluding London 0 7,920 £50,000 +5.26% 1,777
London +6 5,241 £75,000 +11.11% 806
South East +2 2,626 £50,000 - 473
North of England +3 1,577 £50,000 +11.11% 326
South West +3 1,380 £45,000 - 265
North West +6 898 £50,000 +2.56% 162
Midlands -8 721 £47,500 +5.56% 203
Scotland 0 720 £47,500 - 135
East of England -5 638 £50,000 - 312
Yorkshire -7 544 £50,000 +11.11% 126
West Midlands -1 476 £50,000 +11.11% 121
East Midlands -15 242 £45,000 - 82
Wales +1 184 £45,000 +2.27% 41
North East +2 134 £47,500 +5.56% 38
Northern Ireland -2 81 £60,000 +20.00% 25
Isle of Man - 2 £45,000 -
Channel Islands - 1 £52,500 -

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 6,892 (51.25%) Agile Software Development
2 4,937 (36.71%) Java
3 4,139 (30.78%) C#
4 4,103 (30.51%) JavaScript
5 3,488 (25.94%) Python
6 3,076 (22.87%) .NET
7 3,069 (22.82%) AWS
8 2,836 (21.09%) C++
9 2,706 (20.12%) SQL
10 2,665 (19.82%) Degree
11 2,570 (19.11%) Finance
12 2,553 (18.99%) DevOps
13 2,267 (16.86%) Microservices
14 2,085 (15.51%) Computer Science
15 2,064 (15.35%) Linux
16 2,011 (14.96%) Azure
17 1,994 (14.83%) Docker
18 1,949 (14.49%) HTML
19 1,936 (14.40%) Scrum
20 1,909 (14.20%) Git (software)
21 1,907 (14.18%) TDD
22 1,800 (13.39%) AngularJS
23 1,704 (12.67%) React
24 1,700 (12.64%) CSS
25 1,661 (12.35%) Problem-Solving
26 1,624 (12.08%) C
27 1,609 (11.97%) Continuous Integration
28 1,519 (11.30%) Web Services
29 1,499 (11.15%) Node.js
30 1,493 (11.10%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 385 (2.86%) Apache Spark
2 264 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
3 245 (1.82%) Confluence
4 196 (1.46%) Apache
5 164 (1.22%) CMS
6 130 (0.97%) Tomcat
7 99 (0.74%) IIS
7 99 (0.74%) JBoss
8 71 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
8 71 (0.53%) WebSphere
9 68 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 61 (0.45%) SharePoint
11 60 (0.45%) OpenStack
11 60 (0.45%) SAS
12 55 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
13 48 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
14 44 (0.33%) Hyperledger
14 44 (0.33%) WordPress
15 42 (0.31%) Drupal
16 40 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 47 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (0.32%) MS Visio
3 39 (0.29%) Simulink
4 36 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
5 29 (0.22%) Sketch
6 19 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 19 (0.14%) Photoshop
7 18 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 15 (0.11%) InVision
9 10 (0.074%) EngageOne
10 9 (0.067%) Chatbot
10 9 (0.067%) Mathematica
10 9 (0.067%) Stateflow
11 8 (0.059%) Figma
11 8 (0.059%) OmniGraffle
11 8 (0.059%) Zeplin
12 7 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
12 7 (0.052%) Adobe XD
13 6 (0.045%) InDesign
14 5 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 71 (0.53%) Markit EDM
2 68 (0.51%) Front Arena
2 68 (0.51%) thinkFolio
3 51 (0.38%) FINCAD Analytics
3 51 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
4 41 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
5 33 (0.25%) R3 Corda
6 27 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
7 24 (0.18%) Magento
8 16 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 16 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
9 14 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
10 13 (0.097%) SDL Web 8
11 7 (0.052%) Dynamics AX
11 7 (0.052%) NetSuite
12 6 (0.045%) Dynamics GP
12 6 (0.045%) PolarLake
12 6 (0.045%) Teamcenter
13 5 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
14 4 (0.030%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 3,069 (22.82%) AWS
2 2,011 (14.96%) Azure
3 873 (6.49%) GCP
4 615 (4.57%) Serverless
5 493 (3.67%) SaaS
6 414 (3.08%) AWS Lambda
7 378 (2.81%) Amazon S3
8 377 (2.80%) GitHub
9 364 (2.71%) Amazon EC2
10 261 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
11 228 (1.70%) OpenShift
12 226 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
13 201 (1.49%) PaaS
14 197 (1.47%) Amazon ECS
15 165 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
16 124 (0.92%) IaaS
17 117 (0.87%) Power Platform
18 67 (0.50%) npm
18 67 (0.50%) Office 365
19 64 (0.48%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 245 (1.82%) Internet
2 169 (1.26%) HTTP
3 167 (1.24%) TCP/IP
4 145 (1.08%) Firewall
5 117 (0.87%) Wireless
6 77 (0.57%) DNS
6 77 (0.57%) RS-232
7 74 (0.55%) RS-485
8 67 (0.50%) Bluetooth
9 59 (0.44%) HTTPS
10 54 (0.40%) VPN
11 52 (0.39%) Network Security
12 44 (0.33%) Ethernet
13 31 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
14 30 (0.22%) VoIP
15 25 (0.19%) Wireshark
16 22 (0.16%) SSL
17 21 (0.16%) Broadband
18 19 (0.14%) LAN
18 19 (0.14%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,424 (10.59%) SQL Server
2 817 (6.08%) NoSQL
3 790 (5.87%) Big Data
4 745 (5.54%) MySQL
5 667 (4.96%) Relational Database
6 662 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
7 545 (4.05%) MongoDB
8 365 (2.71%) Hadoop
9 319 (2.37%) Amazon RDS
10 262 (1.95%) RDBMS
11 222 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
12 184 (1.37%) Redis
13 178 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
14 176 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
15 175 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 173 (1.29%) Blockchain
17 157 (1.17%) Amazon Athena
18 155 (1.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 146 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 125 (0.93%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,909 (14.20%) Git (software)
2 1,077 (8.01%) Jenkins
3 724 (5.38%) JIRA
4 456 (3.39%) Visual Studio
5 365 (2.71%) Selenium
6 326 (2.42%) Maven
7 279 (2.07%) Subversion
8 261 (1.94%) JUnit
9 242 (1.80%) GitLab
10 224 (1.67%) Bitbucket
11 202 (1.50%) TeamCity
12 196 (1.46%) Artifactory
13 173 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 167 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
15 165 (1.23%) Cucumber
16 155 (1.15%) webpack
17 153 (1.14%) Eclipse
18 147 (1.09%) RStudio
19 102 (0.76%) WebDriver
20 99 (0.74%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 2,570 (19.11%) Finance
2 872 (6.48%) Banking
3 656 (4.88%) Retail
4 607 (4.51%) Front Office
5 449 (3.34%) Electronics
6 384 (2.86%) Games
7 359 (2.67%) Marketing
8 296 (2.20%) Telecoms
9 276 (2.05%) Public Sector
10 242 (1.80%) Automotive
11 224 (1.67%) Manufacturing
12 223 (1.66%) Aerospace
13 171 (1.27%) Law
14 156 (1.16%) Military
15 137 (1.02%) Advertising
16 83 (0.62%) Legal
17 77 (0.57%) German Language
18 73 (0.54%) French Language
19 72 (0.54%) Spanish Language
20 70 (0.52%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 6,128 (45.57%) Software Engineer
2 4,289 (31.90%) Developer
3 1,580 (11.75%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,205 (8.96%) Java Developer
5 1,041 (7.74%) Java Engineer
6 970 (7.21%) Software Developer
7 945 (7.03%) Java Software Engineer
8 876 (6.51%) Senior Developer
9 668 (4.97%) C# Developer
9 668 (4.97%) C# Software Engineer
10 664 (4.94%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 645 (4.80%) .NET Developer
12 557 (4.14%) C++ Software Engineer
13 544 (4.05%) Embedded Engineer
14 511 (3.80%) .NET Software Engineer
15 507 (3.77%) Embedded Software Engineer
16 499 (3.71%) Junior
17 466 (3.47%) Graduate
18 417 (3.10%) Architect
19 408 (3.03%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,076 (22.87%) .NET
2 1,949 (14.49%) HTML
3 1,800 (13.39%) AngularJS
4 1,704 (12.67%) React
5 1,700 (12.64%) CSS
6 1,519 (11.30%) Web Services
7 1,499 (11.15%) Node.js
8 1,227 (9.12%) Spring
9 1,124 (8.36%) ASP.NET
10 980 (7.29%) RESTful
11 945 (7.03%) REST
12 713 (5.30%) HTML5
13 625 (4.65%) .NET Core
14 624 (4.64%) J2EE
15 618 (4.60%) .NET Framework
16 599 (4.45%) Spring Boot
17 571 (4.25%) jQuery
18 526 (3.91%) XML
19 509 (3.79%) Kafka
20 502 (3.73%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 847 (6.30%) Greenfield Project
2 789 (5.87%) Algorithms
3 715 (5.32%) User Experience
4 704 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
5 587 (4.37%) Fixed Income
6 488 (3.63%) Derivative
7 469 (3.49%) Self-Motivation
8 403 (3.00%) Mobile App
9 381 (2.83%) Enterprise Software
10 377 (2.80%) Equities
11 363 (2.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 355 (2.64%) Hedge funds
13 293 (2.18%) Data Structures
14 290 (2.16%) Embedded Systems
15 276 (2.05%) Cloud Native
16 239 (1.78%) Robotics
17 215 (1.60%) Public Cloud
18 189 (1.41%) Management Information System
19 162 (1.20%) Virtual Team
20 125 (0.93%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,064 (15.35%) Linux
2 1,194 (8.88%) Windows
3 471 (3.50%) Android
4 378 (2.81%) Apple iOS
5 342 (2.54%) Unix
6 100 (0.74%) Embedded Linux
7 79 (0.59%) CentOS
8 78 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 78 (0.58%) Windows Server
9 65 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 56 (0.42%) Mac OS X
11 41 (0.30%) Mac OS
12 39 (0.29%) VxWorks
13 37 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
14 35 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 29 (0.22%) FreeRTOS
15 29 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
16 24 (0.18%) Debian
17 18 (0.13%) Fedora
18 17 (0.13%) Tizen
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,892 (51.25%) Agile Software Development
2 2,553 (18.99%) DevOps
3 2,267 (16.86%) Microservices
4 2,085 (15.51%) Computer Science
5 1,936 (14.40%) Scrum
6 1,907 (14.18%) TDD
7 1,661 (12.35%) Problem-Solving
8 1,609 (11.97%) Continuous Integration
9 1,493 (11.10%) Test Automation
10 1,467 (10.91%) OO
11 1,429 (10.63%) Mentoring
12 1,200 (8.92%) SDLC
13 1,171 (8.71%) MVC
14 1,032 (7.67%) Analytics
15 906 (6.74%) Machine Learning
16 879 (6.54%) Unit Testing
17 866 (6.44%) Artificial Intelligence
18 857 (6.37%) Web Development
19 854 (6.35%) Open Source
20 839 (6.24%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 4,937 (36.71%) Java
2 4,139 (30.78%) C#
3 4,103 (30.51%) JavaScript
4 3,488 (25.94%) Python
5 2,836 (21.09%) C++
6 2,706 (20.12%) SQL
7 1,624 (12.08%) C
8 692 (5.15%) PHP
9 616 (4.58%) TypeScript
10 546 (4.06%) R
11 527 (3.92%) Java 8
12 513 (3.81%) Ruby
13 476 (3.54%) Go
14 444 (3.30%) Scala
15 305 (2.27%) Kotlin
16 296 (2.20%) Bash Shell
17 277 (2.06%) Embedded C
18 261 (1.94%) T-SQL
19 245 (1.82%) PowerShell
20 237 (1.76%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,665 (19.82%) Degree
2 962 (7.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 541 (4.02%) Security Cleared
4 267 (1.99%) SC Cleared
5 209 (1.55%) DV Cleared
6 156 (1.16%) PhD
7 150 (1.12%) Numerate Degree
8 113 (0.84%) CISSP
9 99 (0.74%) Master's Degree
10 94 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
11 67 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
12 63 (0.47%) AWS Certification
13 62 (0.46%) CCNA
14 56 (0.42%) MCSE
15 55 (0.41%) HND
16 45 (0.33%) CISM
16 45 (0.33%) SANS
17 44 (0.33%) DBS Check
17 44 (0.33%) Network+ Certification
18 38 (0.28%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 771 (5.73%) QA
2 72 (0.54%) GDPR
3 47 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 38 (0.28%) SLA
5 34 (0.25%) Data Quality
5 34 (0.25%) DICOM
6 27 (0.20%) MISRA
7 26 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 22 (0.16%) NIST
8 22 (0.16%) PSD2
9 20 (0.15%) IEC 61508
10 17 (0.13%) MISRA C
11 16 (0.12%) JTAG
11 16 (0.12%) PMO
12 15 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
12 15 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 15 (0.11%) IFRS
12 15 (0.11%) JSP 440
13 14 (0.10%) PCI DSS
14 13 (0.097%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 1,994 (14.83%) Docker
2 251 (1.87%) Firmware
3 121 (0.90%) Active Directory
4 66 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
5 55 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 48 (0.36%) VirtualBox
7 30 (0.22%) HDFS
8 20 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 20 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
9 15 (0.11%) vSphere
10 13 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 12 (0.089%) Xen
12 10 (0.074%) Cronacle
13 9 (0.067%) Hyper-V
13 9 (0.067%) NFS
13 9 (0.067%) Samba
14 8 (0.059%) pfSense
14 8 (0.059%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.045%) GridGain
15 6 (0.045%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,424 (10.59%) Kubernetes
2 657 (4.89%) Terraform
3 553 (4.11%) Ansible
4 247 (1.84%) Puppet
5 219 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
6 80 (0.59%) Prometheus
7 77 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
8 73 (0.54%) Kibana
9 54 (0.40%) Rancher
10 42 (0.31%) Nagios
11 41 (0.30%) Grafana
12 33 (0.25%) Oozie
12 33 (0.25%) Salt
13 32 (0.24%) Mesos
14 31 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
15 29 (0.22%) Control-M
16 25 (0.19%) Istio
16 25 (0.19%) ZABBIX
17 23 (0.17%) BMC PATROL
18 20 (0.15%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,091 (8.11%) Microsoft
2 794 (5.90%) Google
3 736 (5.47%) Oracle
4 256 (1.90%) Sage
5 238 (1.77%) SAP
6 175 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
7 148 (1.10%) IBM
8 122 (0.91%) Adobe
9 110 (0.82%) Tableau
10 108 (0.80%) WorldPay
11 106 (0.79%) Bloomberg
12 103 (0.77%) Atlassian
13 93 (0.69%) Splunk
14 89 (0.66%) Red Hat
15 88 (0.65%) Cloudera
16 87 (0.65%) VMware
17 82 (0.61%) Xamarin
18 81 (0.60%) hybris
18 81 (0.60%) Sybase
19 74 (0.55%) Charles River