Software Engineering
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 29 May 2024 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
29 May 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 11 17 11
Rank change year-on-year +6 -6 +5
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 12,118 10,401 28,753
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.73% 10.71% 17.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.95% 11.20% 18.00%
Number of salaries quoted 7,544 6,307 9,697
10th Percentile £40,000 £42,500 £42,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £53,750 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £61,500 £70,000 £69,078
Median % change year-on-year -12.14% +1.34% +15.13%
75th Percentile £82,548 £95,000 £91,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £117,500 £115,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £61,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -5.74% +6.09% +9.52%

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,886 92,843 159,778
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 84.13% 95.56% 95.90%
Number of salaries quoted 60,763 54,795 82,800
10th Percentile £29,250 £34,000 £33,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £60,899 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -9.69% +1.50% +9.09%
75th Percentile £72,500 £81,250 £80,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £100,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% +9.38%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 29 May 2024.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
UK excluding London +10 9,264 £57,500 -5.74% 1,443
England +2 8,470 £62,500 -16.67% 2,186
Work from Home 0 4,235 £65,000 -10.34% 1,402
Scotland +3 3,027 £60,000 -7.69% 132
London +1 2,467 £92,500 +2.78% 859
North of England +11 1,649 £57,500 -5.74% 318
South East +3 1,527 £57,500 -11.54% 316
South West +10 1,280 £55,000 -11.93% 239
North West +16 968 £60,000 -4.00% 196
Midlands +11 928 £55,000 -4.35% 232
East of England +9 563 £60,000 -7.69% 177
Yorkshire +13 548 £55,000 -12.00% 87
West Midlands +25 524 £60,000 - 112
East Midlands +5 404 £50,000 -9.09% 119
Wales +7 183 £50,000 - 23
North East +9 133 £55,000 +13.34% 39
Northern Ireland +1 109 £60,000 +20.00% 31

Software Engineering
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 711 (5.87%) Apache Spark
2 668 (5.51%) Apache
3 578 (4.77%) Apache Airflow
4 346 (2.86%) ArcGIS
5 330 (2.72%) GeoServer
6 158 (1.30%) Confluence
7 105 (0.87%) FileNet
8 39 (0.32%) SharePoint
9 37 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
10 29 (0.24%) nginx
11 27 (0.22%) CMS
12 21 (0.17%) GemFire
13 19 (0.16%) Camunda
13 19 (0.16%) IIS
14 18 (0.15%) Tomcat
15 14 (0.12%) Jupyter
15 14 (0.12%) Microsoft Exchange
15 14 (0.12%) NServiceBus
15 14 (0.12%) WordPress
16 13 (0.11%) WebSphere
Applications
1 140 (1.16%) Simulink
2 29 (0.24%) Stateflow
3 25 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 20 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.099%) AutoCAD
6 11 (0.091%) CANalyzer
7 10 (0.083%) OrCAD
8 9 (0.074%) Adobe XD
9 6 (0.050%) MS Visio
9 6 (0.050%) Trello
10 5 (0.041%) GNU Octave
11 4 (0.033%) Doxygen
11 4 (0.033%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 3 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.025%) Sketch
12 3 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.025%) TargetLink
13 2 (0.017%) Chatbot
14 1 (0.008%) PTC Creo
14 1 (0.008%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 52 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
3 9 (0.074%) Magento
4 7 (0.058%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.050%) Siebel CRM
6 4 (0.033%) Shopify
7 3 (0.025%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.025%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.025%) Endur
8 2 (0.017%) C-CURE
8 2 (0.017%) CiviCRM
8 2 (0.017%) Infor M3
8 2 (0.017%) Salesforce CRM
8 2 (0.017%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.017%) Towers Watson Igloo
9 1 (0.008%) Findur
9 1 (0.008%) SAP EHS
9 1 (0.008%) SAP S/4HANA
9 1 (0.008%) Teamcenter
9 1 (0.008%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 3,970 (32.76%) AWS
2 2,257 (18.63%) Azure
3 994 (8.20%) GCP
4 460 (3.80%) Serverless
5 389 (3.21%) SaaS
6 342 (2.82%) Azure DevOps
7 311 (2.57%) dbt
8 309 (2.55%) AWS Lambda
9 291 (2.40%) GitHub
10 259 (2.14%) Snowflake
11 250 (2.06%) Amazon S3
12 203 (1.68%) Dynamics 365
13 199 (1.64%) Power Platform
14 147 (1.21%) Amazon ECS
15 144 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
16 142 (1.17%) Amazon EKS
17 133 (1.10%) Datadog
18 127 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
18 127 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
19 101 (0.83%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 154 (1.27%) Wireless
2 152 (1.25%) TCP/IP
3 94 (0.78%) Network Security
4 93 (0.77%) Ethernet
5 83 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
6 82 (0.68%) Kerberos
7 73 (0.60%) HTTP
8 67 (0.55%) Internet
9 65 (0.54%) RS-232
10 55 (0.45%) Bluetooth
11 51 (0.42%) MQTT
12 41 (0.34%) AMQP
12 41 (0.34%) RS-485
13 35 (0.29%) Modbus
14 31 (0.26%) Firewall
15 23 (0.19%) 5G
15 23 (0.19%) ZigBee
16 22 (0.18%) 4G
17 19 (0.16%) DSL
18 17 (0.14%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 954 (7.87%) NoSQL
2 825 (6.81%) PostgreSQL
3 605 (4.99%) Big Data
4 405 (3.34%) Apache Ignite
5 393 (3.24%) SQL Server
6 389 (3.21%) MySQL
7 372 (3.07%) GIS
8 352 (2.90%) Data Lake
9 345 (2.85%) Relational Database
10 330 (2.72%) QGIS
11 312 (2.57%) Hadoop
12 307 (2.53%) Amazon Athena
13 304 (2.51%) Dremio
14 297 (2.45%) Apache Arrow
15 246 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
16 236 (1.95%) MongoDB
17 175 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
18 170 (1.40%) Redis
19 150 (1.24%) Apache Hive
20 128 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,073 (8.85%) Git
2 551 (4.55%) Jenkins
3 378 (3.12%) JIRA
4 299 (2.47%) Visual Studio
5 280 (2.31%) GitLab
6 260 (2.15%) JUnit
7 230 (1.90%) Cypress.io
8 192 (1.58%) Bitbucket
9 140 (1.16%) Selenium
10 127 (1.05%) Jasmine
11 103 (0.85%) Maven
12 95 (0.78%) Artifactory
13 89 (0.73%) Subversion
14 85 (0.70%) Bitbucket Server
15 82 (0.68%) LabVIEW
16 71 (0.59%) WebDriver
17 67 (0.55%) Cucumber
18 66 (0.54%) Karma Test Runner
19 64 (0.53%) Sourcetree
20 62 (0.51%) Protractor
General
1 3,746 (30.91%) Finance
2 2,743 (22.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 2,504 (20.66%) Law
4 1,561 (12.88%) Social Skills
5 1,399 (11.54%) Marketing
6 1,006 (8.30%) Banking
7 795 (6.56%) Legal
8 676 (5.58%) Front Office
9 663 (5.47%) Investment Banking
10 552 (4.56%) Electronics
11 477 (3.94%) Analytical Skills
12 396 (3.27%) Manufacturing
13 286 (2.36%) Financial Institution
14 272 (2.24%) Automotive
15 235 (1.94%) Public Sector
16 229 (1.89%) Games
17 222 (1.83%) Aerospace
18 208 (1.72%) Retail
19 198 (1.63%) Influencing Skills
20 160 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 7,985 (65.89%) Software Engineer
2 2,956 (24.39%) Senior
3 2,200 (18.15%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,947 (16.07%) Developer
5 1,625 (13.41%) Lead
6 1,169 (9.65%) Java Engineer
7 1,147 (9.47%) Embedded Engineer
8 1,118 (9.23%) Java Software Engineer
9 1,061 (8.76%) Lead Software Engineer
10 1,049 (8.66%) Embedded Software Engineer
11 740 (6.11%) Python Engineer
12 689 (5.69%) Python Software Engineer
13 559 (4.61%) Full Stack Engineer
14 540 (4.46%) AWS Engineer
15 498 (4.11%) Full Stack Software Engineer
16 491 (4.05%) AWS Software Engineer
17 470 (3.88%) Software Developer
18 425 (3.51%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 398 (3.28%) Senior Developer
20 391 (3.23%) Senior Embedded Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,093 (17.27%) React
2 1,916 (15.81%) .NET
3 1,026 (8.47%) AngularJS
4 1,001 (8.26%) Spring
5 1,000 (8.25%) CSS
6 776 (6.40%) Node.js
7 762 (6.29%) HTML
8 754 (6.22%) .NET Core
9 644 (5.31%) Kafka
10 590 (4.87%) Spring Boot
11 571 (4.71%) RESTful
12 485 (4.00%) gRPC
13 432 (3.56%) Protocol Buffers
14 415 (3.42%) REST
15 402 (3.32%) Pandas
16 389 (3.21%) NumPy
17 370 (3.05%) Vue
18 366 (3.02%) Web Services
19 362 (2.99%) ASP.NET
20 340 (2.81%) PostGIS
Miscellaneous
1 1,200 (9.90%) Algorithms
2 1,171 (9.66%) Cloud Native
3 584 (4.82%) Fixed Income
4 527 (4.35%) Hedge funds
5 475 (3.92%) Equities
6 428 (3.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 423 (3.49%) Derivative
8 340 (2.81%) Public Cloud
9 313 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
10 288 (2.38%) Data Structures
11 280 (2.31%) IoT
12 279 (2.30%) Product Ownership
13 275 (2.27%) Onboarding
14 269 (2.22%) Management Information System
15 251 (2.07%) Distributed Systems
16 243 (2.01%) Embedded Systems
17 216 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
18 176 (1.45%) Client/Server
19 143 (1.18%) Mobile App
20 135 (1.11%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,413 (11.66%) Linux
2 498 (4.11%) Windows
3 245 (2.02%) Embedded Linux
4 202 (1.67%) Unix
5 180 (1.49%) Android
6 153 (1.26%) Ubuntu
7 129 (1.06%) Apple iOS
8 65 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 58 (0.48%) CentOS
10 55 (0.45%) Debian
11 39 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
12 29 (0.24%) Windows Server
13 25 (0.21%) Mac OS
14 17 (0.14%) VMS
15 13 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 8 (0.066%) Alpine Linux
16 8 (0.066%) VxWorks
17 6 (0.050%) Mac OS X
17 6 (0.050%) ThreadX
18 5 (0.041%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,489 (45.30%) Agile
2 2,957 (24.40%) CI/CD
3 2,645 (21.83%) SDLC
4 1,988 (16.41%) Artificial Intelligence
5 1,881 (15.52%) Machine Learning
6 1,864 (15.38%) Operational Stability
7 1,807 (14.91%) DevOps
8 1,690 (13.95%) Problem-Solving
9 1,656 (13.67%) Computer Science
10 1,403 (11.58%) Full Stack Development
11 1,326 (10.94%) Community of Practice
12 1,259 (10.39%) Microservices
13 1,103 (9.10%) Continuous Improvement
14 966 (7.97%) Visualisation
15 959 (7.91%) Mentoring
16 851 (7.02%) Test Automation
17 822 (6.78%) TDD
18 811 (6.69%) Scrum
19 803 (6.63%) Asset Management
20 785 (6.48%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 3,700 (30.53%) Python
2 3,558 (29.36%) Java
3 2,429 (20.04%) JavaScript
4 2,345 (19.35%) C#
5 2,310 (19.06%) SQL
6 1,561 (12.88%) TypeScript
7 1,392 (11.49%) C
8 1,232 (10.17%) C++
9 494 (4.08%) Scala
10 413 (3.41%) Go
11 324 (2.67%) Embedded C
12 322 (2.66%) Kotlin
13 294 (2.43%) PHP
14 251 (2.07%) Bash
15 218 (1.80%) Rust
16 157 (1.30%) PL/SQL
17 147 (1.21%) MATLAB
18 140 (1.16%) Ruby
19 129 (1.06%) T-SQL
20 126 (1.04%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,900 (15.68%) Degree
2 1,385 (11.43%) Security Cleared
3 888 (7.33%) SC Cleared
4 652 (5.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 310 (2.56%) Master's Degree
6 218 (1.80%) BPSS Clearance
7 214 (1.77%) DV Cleared
8 143 (1.18%) PhD
9 61 (0.50%) AWS Certification
10 54 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
11 51 (0.42%) DBS Check
12 38 (0.31%) HND
13 36 (0.30%) Azure Certification
14 28 (0.23%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
14 28 (0.23%) HNC
15 23 (0.19%) ISTQB
16 22 (0.18%) PMI Certification
17 20 (0.17%) CISSP
18 16 (0.13%) AWS Certified Developer
19 12 (0.099%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 376 (3.10%) QA
2 157 (1.30%) Data Quality
3 146 (1.20%) Accessibility
4 71 (0.59%) SLA
5 56 (0.46%) MISRA
6 37 (0.31%) GDPR
7 35 (0.29%) PMO
8 31 (0.26%) ISO 26262
9 27 (0.22%) ISO 13485
10 25 (0.21%) AUTOSAR
11 22 (0.18%) Automotive SPICE
11 22 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 21 (0.17%) Software Quality Assurance
13 20 (0.17%) Def Stans
14 17 (0.14%) IEC 61508
14 17 (0.14%) PCI DSS
15 15 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 15288
15 15 (0.12%) NCSC
15 15 (0.12%) NIST
16 13 (0.11%) JTAG
System Software
1 837 (6.91%) Docker
2 302 (2.49%) Firmware
3 130 (1.07%) Embedded Firmware
4 107 (0.88%) HDFS
5 102 (0.84%) Active Directory
6 48 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
7 22 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
8 11 (0.091%) IAG
8 11 (0.091%) Time Sharing Option
9 9 (0.074%) KVM
10 8 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
11 6 (0.050%) Ceph
12 5 (0.041%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 4 (0.033%) NFS
14 3 (0.025%) Hyper-V
14 3 (0.025%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.025%) VirtualBox
15 2 (0.017%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 2 (0.017%) VMware ESXi
16 1 (0.008%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 1,173 (9.68%) Kubernetes
2 785 (6.48%) Terraform
3 238 (1.96%) Ansible
4 227 (1.87%) Grafana
5 110 (0.91%) Prometheus
6 41 (0.34%) Progress Chef
7 34 (0.28%) Puppet
8 32 (0.26%) Kibana
9 26 (0.21%) ITRS Geneos
10 21 (0.17%) HAProxy
10 21 (0.17%) Zipkin
11 15 (0.12%) Functional Safety
12 8 (0.066%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.066%) Istio
13 7 (0.058%) Graphite
14 6 (0.050%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
14 6 (0.050%) Knative
14 6 (0.050%) Nessus
15 5 (0.041%) Argo
15 5 (0.041%) Suricata
Vendors
1 746 (6.16%) Microsoft
2 462 (3.81%) Oracle
3 402 (3.32%) Google
4 342 (2.82%) ESRI
5 299 (2.47%) Databricks
6 211 (1.74%) Splunk
7 170 (1.40%) Dynatrace
8 93 (0.77%) Informatica
9 81 (0.67%) Cloudera
10 74 (0.61%) IBM
11 72 (0.59%) SAP
12 64 (0.53%) Red Hat
13 57 (0.47%) Xamarin
14 56 (0.46%) Alteryx
14 56 (0.46%) Atlassian
15 48 (0.40%) Siemens
16 47 (0.39%) SaltStack
17 41 (0.34%) Bloomberg
18 38 (0.31%) Xilinx
19 37 (0.31%) Salesforce