Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 22 24
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 15,288 15,206 13,120
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.09% 8.65% 7.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.00% 9.42% 8.17%
Number of salaries quoted 11,939 12,293 11,267
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £44,750
% change year-on-year - +6.15% +5.29%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,020 161,418 160,496
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.74% 91.84% 91.32%
Number of salaries quoted 109,576 131,052 132,437
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,946 £55,000 +4.76% 3,117
UK excluding London +3 9,246 £47,500 - 2,492
London +6 5,710 £67,500 +8.00% 942
South East +7 3,062 £50,000 +5.26% 599
North of England +8 1,861 £47,500 - 542
South West +2 1,321 £45,000 - 304
Midlands +14 1,045 £45,000 - 288
North West -1 933 £50,000 +5.26% 262
East of England -9 915 £50,000 - 445
Yorkshire +10 772 £45,000 -5.26% 236
Scotland +3 699 £45,000 - 179
West Midlands +20 624 £45,000 +3.45% 153
East Midlands +5 426 £47,500 +5.56% 135
Wales +18 225 £40,000 - 92
North East +28 167 £50,000 +17.65% 45
Northern Ireland +3 137 £43,750 +9.38% 46

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,553 (49.40%) Agile Software Development
2 6,190 (40.49%) Java
3 5,070 (33.16%) C#
4 4,365 (28.55%) JavaScript
5 3,591 (23.49%) Degree
6 3,545 (23.19%) SQL
7 3,519 (23.02%) .NET
8 3,421 (22.38%) C++
9 3,418 (22.36%) Python
10 2,742 (17.94%) Computer Science
11 2,677 (17.51%) HTML
12 2,667 (17.45%) TDD
13 2,612 (17.09%) Finance
14 2,493 (16.31%) Linux
15 2,492 (16.30%) Amazon AWS
16 2,385 (15.60%) CSS
17 2,264 (14.81%) Scrum
18 2,231 (14.59%) AngularJS
19 2,204 (14.42%) Microservices
20 2,179 (14.25%) DevOps
21 2,016 (13.19%) C
22 1,956 (12.79%) Continuous Integration
23 1,912 (12.51%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,857 (12.15%) Microsoft
25 1,824 (11.93%) OO
26 1,819 (11.90%) Test Automation
27 1,777 (11.62%) MVC
28 1,711 (11.19%) Git (software)
29 1,707 (11.17%) ASP.NET
30 1,613 (10.55%) Problem-Solving

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 526 (3.44%) Apache Spark
2 503 (3.29%) Apache
3 462 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
4 250 (1.64%) CMS
5 246 (1.61%) Confluence
6 172 (1.13%) Tomcat
7 137 (0.90%) JBoss
8 114 (0.75%) IIS
9 109 (0.71%) SharePoint
10 91 (0.60%) Oracle Workflow
11 89 (0.58%) nginx
12 85 (0.56%) Apache Solr
13 66 (0.43%) Ethereum
14 60 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
15 54 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 54 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
16 53 (0.35%) OpenStack
17 51 (0.33%) WebSphere
18 44 (0.29%) WordPress
19 41 (0.27%) Drupal
Applications
1 135 (0.88%) Chatbot
2 93 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
4 21 (0.14%) Simulink
5 20 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 19 (0.12%) Photoshop
7 18 (0.12%) MS Visio
8 15 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.098%) Microsoft Project
9 13 (0.085%) SPSS
10 12 (0.078%) Snapchat
11 10 (0.065%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 8 (0.052%) Maple
13 7 (0.046%) Fireworks
14 6 (0.039%) SOLIDWORKS
14 6 (0.039%) Stateflow
15 5 (0.033%) InVision
15 5 (0.033%) Maya
16 4 (0.026%) Spreadsheet
16 4 (0.026%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 135 (0.88%) Temenos T24
2 104 (0.68%) thinkFolio
3 83 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
4 61 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
5 48 (0.31%) Distributed Ledger
6 32 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
7 26 (0.17%) Magento
8 22 (0.14%) Actimize
9 19 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
10 18 (0.12%) R3 Corda
11 15 (0.098%) Odoo
11 15 (0.098%) SAP CRM
11 15 (0.098%) SAP ERP
12 14 (0.092%) Dynamics NAV
13 12 (0.078%) Eloqua
14 10 (0.065%) Ripple
15 9 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 8 (0.052%) Summit
17 6 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
17 6 (0.039%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,492 (16.30%) Amazon AWS
2 1,912 (12.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 730 (4.77%) Google Cloud Platform
4 494 (3.23%) SaaS
5 416 (2.72%) GitHub
6 334 (2.18%) Cloud Computing
7 243 (1.59%) PaaS
8 227 (1.48%) Serverless
9 141 (0.92%) npm
10 134 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
11 114 (0.75%) Amazon S3
12 111 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
13 103 (0.67%) OpenShift
14 94 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
15 89 (0.58%) Slack
16 83 (0.54%) IaaS
17 77 (0.50%) Office 365
18 66 (0.43%) IBM Cloud
19 45 (0.29%) Amazon SQS
20 42 (0.27%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 293 (1.92%) TCP/IP
2 257 (1.68%) Internet
3 253 (1.65%) HTTP
4 144 (0.94%) Wireless
5 136 (0.89%) RS-485
6 132 (0.86%) Firewall
7 93 (0.61%) Modbus
8 78 (0.51%) Network Security
9 68 (0.44%) RS-232
10 63 (0.41%) Bluetooth
11 55 (0.36%) Ethernet
11 55 (0.36%) WAN
12 54 (0.35%) LAN
12 54 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
13 47 (0.31%) DNS
14 46 (0.30%) SSL
15 45 (0.29%) AMQP
16 42 (0.27%) VPN
17 40 (0.26%) Intranet
18 39 (0.26%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,568 (10.26%) SQL Server
2 1,119 (7.32%) NoSQL
3 1,101 (7.20%) Big Data
4 928 (6.07%) MySQL
5 648 (4.24%) PostgreSQL
6 635 (4.15%) MongoDB
7 629 (4.11%) Hadoop
8 625 (4.09%) Relational Database
9 423 (2.77%) Apache Cassandra
10 274 (1.79%) Redis
11 242 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 222 (1.45%) Apache Hive
13 220 (1.44%) RDBMS
14 200 (1.31%) Blockchain
15 192 (1.26%) Amazon Redshift
16 178 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 162 (1.06%) Data Warehouse
17 162 (1.06%) HBase
18 145 (0.95%) Neo4j
19 127 (0.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,711 (11.19%) Git (software)
2 1,074 (7.03%) Jenkins
3 690 (4.51%) JIRA
4 677 (4.43%) Visual Studio
5 562 (3.68%) Selenium
6 530 (3.47%) Maven
7 339 (2.22%) Subversion
8 325 (2.13%) JUnit
9 274 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 258 (1.69%) Cucumber
10 258 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
11 257 (1.68%) webpack
12 234 (1.53%) TeamCity
13 228 (1.49%) Bitbucket
14 222 (1.45%) gulp
15 207 (1.35%) Gradle
16 204 (1.33%) Eclipse
17 141 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
18 129 (0.84%) NUnit
19 122 (0.80%) Mockito
General
1 2,612 (17.09%) Finance
2 918 (6.00%) Banking
3 676 (4.42%) Retail
4 643 (4.21%) Games
5 623 (4.08%) Marketing
6 525 (3.43%) Electronics
7 499 (3.26%) Telecoms
8 431 (2.82%) Manufacturing
9 309 (2.02%) Front Office
10 266 (1.74%) Automotive
11 215 (1.41%) Law
12 195 (1.28%) Military
13 189 (1.24%) Aerospace
14 164 (1.07%) Advertising
15 134 (0.88%) Publishing
16 123 (0.80%) Legal
17 107 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
18 90 (0.59%) Investment Banking
19 69 (0.45%) Private Banking
20 61 (0.40%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 6,194 (40.52%) Software Engineer
2 5,455 (35.68%) Developer
3 1,660 (10.86%) Java Developer
4 1,540 (10.07%) Senior Software Engineer
5 1,246 (8.15%) C# Developer
6 1,162 (7.60%) Java Engineer
7 1,140 (7.46%) Senior Developer
8 1,100 (7.20%) Software Developer
9 1,014 (6.63%) Java Software Engineer
10 979 (6.40%) .NET Developer
11 817 (5.34%) C# Software Engineer
12 686 (4.49%) C++ Software Engineer
13 667 (4.36%) C# .NET Developer
14 652 (4.26%) Architect
15 630 (4.12%) Embedded Engineer
16 628 (4.11%) Graduate
17 599 (3.92%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 590 (3.86%) Embedded Software Engineer
19 565 (3.70%) Junior
20 533 (3.49%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,519 (23.02%) .NET
2 2,677 (17.51%) HTML
3 2,385 (15.60%) CSS
4 2,231 (14.59%) AngularJS
5 1,707 (11.17%) ASP.NET
6 1,436 (9.39%) React
7 1,366 (8.94%) Web Services
8 1,353 (8.85%) Spring
9 1,329 (8.69%) RESTful
10 1,295 (8.47%) Node.js
11 946 (6.19%) HTML5
12 885 (5.79%) REST
13 882 (5.77%) ASP.NET MVC
14 812 (5.31%) jQuery
15 650 (4.25%) XML
16 639 (4.18%) Kafka
17 625 (4.09%) .NET Framework
18 553 (3.62%) ASP.NET Web API
19 504 (3.30%) JSON
20 484 (3.17%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,103 (7.21%) Greenfield Project
2 941 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
3 937 (6.13%) Algorithms
4 882 (5.77%) User Experience
5 853 (5.58%) Fintech
6 517 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
7 451 (2.95%) Mobile App
8 424 (2.77%) Management Information System
9 404 (2.64%) Data Structures
10 359 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
11 316 (2.07%) Equities
12 313 (2.05%) Hedge funds
13 312 (2.04%) Embedded Systems
14 311 (2.03%) Fixed Income
15 309 (2.02%) Derivative
16 290 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 202 (1.32%) Cloud Native
18 183 (1.20%) Device Driver
19 182 (1.19%) Robotics
20 171 (1.12%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,493 (16.31%) Linux
2 1,111 (7.27%) Windows
3 635 (4.15%) Android
4 447 (2.92%) Unix
5 412 (2.69%) Apple iOS
6 172 (1.13%) Embedded Linux
7 131 (0.86%) Ubuntu
8 116 (0.76%) FreeRTOS
8 116 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 108 (0.71%) CentOS
10 77 (0.50%) Windows Server
11 49 (0.32%) Mac OS X
12 43 (0.28%) Windows 10
13 42 (0.27%) Mac OS
14 35 (0.23%) Windows 7
15 30 (0.20%) Debian
16 28 (0.18%) Robot Operating System
17 22 (0.14%) CoreOS
18 19 (0.12%) VxWorks
19 17 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,553 (49.40%) Agile Software Development
2 2,742 (17.94%) Computer Science
3 2,667 (17.45%) TDD
4 2,264 (14.81%) Scrum
5 2,204 (14.42%) Microservices
6 2,179 (14.25%) DevOps
7 1,956 (12.79%) Continuous Integration
8 1,824 (11.93%) OO
9 1,819 (11.90%) Test Automation
10 1,777 (11.62%) MVC
11 1,613 (10.55%) Problem-Solving
12 1,479 (9.67%) Mentoring
13 1,340 (8.77%) SDLC
14 1,222 (7.99%) Mathematics
15 1,187 (7.76%) Machine Learning
16 1,150 (7.52%) Analytics
17 1,064 (6.96%) BDD
18 1,050 (6.87%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,038 (6.79%) Unit Testing
20 1,024 (6.70%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 6,190 (40.49%) Java
2 5,070 (33.16%) C#
3 4,365 (28.55%) JavaScript
4 3,545 (23.19%) SQL
5 3,421 (22.38%) C++
6 3,418 (22.36%) Python
7 2,016 (13.19%) C
8 700 (4.58%) PHP
9 695 (4.55%) Java 8
10 620 (4.06%) Scala
11 592 (3.87%) Ruby
12 560 (3.66%) TypeScript
13 508 (3.32%) Go
14 361 (2.36%) Bash Shell
15 315 (2.06%) T-SQL
16 311 (2.03%) R
17 261 (1.71%) Embedded C
18 253 (1.65%) ES6
19 243 (1.59%) PL/SQL
20 234 (1.53%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 3,591 (23.49%) Degree
2 1,065 (6.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 711 (4.65%) Security Cleared
4 433 (2.83%) SC Cleared
5 390 (2.55%) PhD
6 253 (1.65%) DV Cleared
7 124 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
8 102 (0.67%) CISSP
9 99 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
10 98 (0.64%) Master's Degree
11 71 (0.46%) SAFe Agilist
12 59 (0.39%) HND
13 50 (0.33%) ISEB
14 49 (0.32%) ISTQB
15 47 (0.31%) MPhil
16 46 (0.30%) MCSE
17 44 (0.29%) Chartered Engineer
18 43 (0.28%) CompTIA Security+
19 41 (0.27%) CISM
20 40 (0.26%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,120 (7.33%) QA
2 155 (1.01%) GDPR
3 61 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 56 (0.37%) Data Quality
5 44 (0.29%) SLA
6 37 (0.24%) MiFID
7 29 (0.19%) MISRA
8 27 (0.18%) JTAG
9 24 (0.16%) ISO 13485
9 24 (0.16%) PSD2
10 23 (0.15%) DO-178B
10 23 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 22 (0.14%) DICOM
11 22 (0.14%) IEC 61508
12 18 (0.12%) MISRA C
13 17 (0.11%) GPG13
14 14 (0.092%) PCI DSS
15 10 (0.065%) DO-254
15 10 (0.065%) IEC 62304
15 10 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 12207
System Software
1 1,571 (10.28%) Docker
2 280 (1.83%) Firmware
3 111 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 82 (0.54%) Active Directory
5 55 (0.36%) VirtualBox
6 53 (0.35%) HDFS
7 49 (0.32%) vSphere
8 36 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 34 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
10 22 (0.14%) Hyper-V
10 22 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
11 16 (0.10%) etcd
12 15 (0.098%) Virtual Servers
13 14 (0.092%) VMware NSX
14 11 (0.072%) iptables
14 11 (0.072%) NFS
14 11 (0.072%) Samba
15 10 (0.065%) Apache Flume
16 9 (0.059%) Xen
17 7 (0.046%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 879 (5.75%) Kubernetes
2 544 (3.56%) Ansible
3 458 (3.00%) Terraform
4 404 (2.64%) Puppet
5 314 (2.05%) Opscode Chef
6 79 (0.52%) Prometheus
7 61 (0.40%) Oozie
8 51 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
9 49 (0.32%) Grafana
10 48 (0.31%) Packer
11 47 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
12 45 (0.29%) Salt
13 43 (0.28%) HP ALM
14 40 (0.26%) Nagios
15 38 (0.25%) Kibana
16 36 (0.24%) Mesos
17 32 (0.21%) Rancher
18 27 (0.18%) Graphite
19 26 (0.17%) HAProxy
20 25 (0.16%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,857 (12.15%) Microsoft
2 781 (5.11%) Oracle
3 760 (4.97%) Google
4 319 (2.09%) SAP
5 168 (1.10%) VMware
6 166 (1.09%) IBM
7 154 (1.01%) Xamarin
8 147 (0.96%) Tableau
9 141 (0.92%) Atlassian
10 130 (0.85%) Sitecore
11 115 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
12 109 (0.71%) Charles River
12 109 (0.71%) Red Hat
13 107 (0.70%) Cloudera
14 102 (0.67%) Adobe
15 96 (0.63%) hybris
16 93 (0.61%) HP
17 91 (0.60%) WorldPay
18 71 (0.46%) Cadence
19 65 (0.43%) Cisco