Period
to 5 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 5 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 16 20 21
Rank change year-on-year +4 +1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 5,811 13,351 15,078
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.29% 9.88% 9.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.16% 10.72% 10.06%
Number of salaries quoted 5,981 10,999 12,675
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,852 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,070 124,510 149,828
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.17% 92.03%
Number of salaries quoted 43,210 98,636 119,085
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.94% +2.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +3.45%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 5,242 £60,000 - 1,694
UK excluding London 0 3,218 £52,500 +5.00% 1,142
London +4 2,425 £75,000 - 690
Work from Home +3 1,064 £60,000 +1.86% 425
North of England +7 997 £52,500 +5.00% 290
South East -3 856 £55,000 +10.00% 260
Yorkshire +15 461 £52,500 +5.00% 98
North West +2 431 £55,000 +10.00% 167
Midlands +8 363 £50,000 +5.26% 118
South West -13 360 £49,000 +8.89% 154
Scotland -1 344 £50,000 +1.52% 92
West Midlands +6 225 £50,000 - 69
East of England -3 172 £57,500 +9.52% 177
East Midlands +15 137 £50,000 +11.11% 49
North East +1 105 £47,500 - 25
Northern Ireland +5 75 £45,000 -25.00% 22
Wales -9 54 £50,000 +14.94% 28
Isle of Man - 1 £47,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,711 (46.65%) Agile Software Development
2 2,241 (38.56%) JavaScript
3 1,984 (34.14%) Java
4 1,875 (32.27%) Python
5 1,743 (29.99%) AWS
6 1,716 (29.53%) C#
7 1,478 (25.43%) .NET
8 1,393 (23.97%) Azure
9 1,334 (22.96%) SQL
10 1,250 (21.51%) React
11 1,242 (21.37%) DevOps
12 1,230 (21.17%) Microservices
13 1,161 (19.98%) Docker
14 1,154 (19.86%) Finance
15 1,111 (19.12%) AngularJS
16 1,024 (17.62%) TDD
17 961 (16.54%) Degree
18 890 (15.32%) C++
19 861 (14.82%) Kubernetes
20 854 (14.70%) Node.js
21 832 (14.32%) Scrum
22 817 (14.06%) Linux
23 800 (13.77%) HTML
24 762 (13.11%) Git (software)
25 749 (12.89%) Computer Science
26 742 (12.77%) CSS
27 698 (12.01%) .NET Core
28 696 (11.98%) Web Services
29 593 (10.20%) Test Automation
30 576 (9.91%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 210 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
2 145 (2.50%) Confluence
3 142 (2.44%) Apache
4 86 (1.48%) Apache Spark
5 60 (1.03%) CMS
6 58 (1.00%) nginx
7 50 (0.86%) SAS
8 29 (0.50%) JBoss
9 26 (0.45%) Tomcat
10 23 (0.40%) WebSphere
11 21 (0.36%) Headless CMS
12 17 (0.29%) IIS
12 17 (0.29%) Red Hat Fuse
13 16 (0.28%) Apache ServiceMix
14 13 (0.22%) NServiceBus
14 13 (0.22%) SharePoint
14 13 (0.22%) Tornado
15 12 (0.21%) OpenStack
16 9 (0.15%) Sitecore CMS
17 8 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 21 (0.36%) Chatbot
2 19 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.31%) Sketch
4 17 (0.29%) InVision
5 11 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
6 8 (0.14%) Simulink
7 4 (0.069%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.052%) AutoCAD
8 3 (0.052%) MS Visio
8 3 (0.052%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.034%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.034%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.034%) SOLIDWORKS
9 2 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.034%) TargetLink
10 1 (0.017%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.017%) Figma
10 1 (0.017%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 38 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.50%) Distributed Ledger
3 21 (0.36%) R3 Corda
4 13 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 5 (0.086%) BigMachines
8 4 (0.069%) Magento
8 4 (0.069%) Maximo
8 4 (0.069%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.069%) Sentinel
8 4 (0.069%) Shopify
9 2 (0.034%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.034%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.017%) Eagle PACE
10 1 (0.017%) Markit EDM
10 1 (0.017%) MoSes
10 1 (0.017%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,743 (29.99%) AWS
2 1,393 (23.97%) Azure
3 546 (9.40%) GCP
4 420 (7.23%) Serverless
5 279 (4.80%) AWS Lambda
6 250 (4.30%) SaaS
7 170 (2.93%) Amazon EC2
8 158 (2.72%) Amazon S3
9 154 (2.65%) GitHub
10 137 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
11 98 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
12 86 (1.48%) PaaS
13 77 (1.33%) Amazon ECS
14 71 (1.22%) Power Platform
15 65 (1.12%) npm
16 57 (0.98%) IaaS
17 38 (0.65%) Amazon EKS
18 33 (0.57%) Dynamics 365
19 32 (0.55%) Azure Functions
19 32 (0.55%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 71 (1.22%) TCP/IP
2 61 (1.05%) HTTP
3 43 (0.74%) Ethernet
4 35 (0.60%) Wireless
5 33 (0.57%) Network Security
6 32 (0.55%) Internet
7 28 (0.48%) DNS
7 28 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
8 21 (0.36%) Bluetooth
9 18 (0.31%) RS-232
10 17 (0.29%) Firewall
10 17 (0.29%) RS-485
11 15 (0.26%) HTTPS
11 15 (0.26%) MQTT
11 15 (0.26%) Skype
12 14 (0.24%) Software-Defined Radio
13 13 (0.22%) Kerberos
14 11 (0.19%) VoIP
15 10 (0.17%) 4G
15 10 (0.17%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 558 (9.60%) SQL Server
2 545 (9.38%) NoSQL
3 330 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
4 277 (4.77%) Big Data
5 255 (4.39%) MySQL
6 232 (3.99%) Relational Database
7 223 (3.84%) MongoDB
8 171 (2.94%) Redis
9 165 (2.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 134 (2.31%) Hadoop
11 79 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
12 77 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
13 66 (1.14%) Power BI
14 63 (1.08%) Blockchain
14 63 (1.08%) Oracle Database
15 51 (0.88%) Apache Hive
16 50 (0.86%) Pentaho
17 47 (0.81%) Amazon Redshift
18 39 (0.67%) Impala
19 38 (0.65%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 762 (13.11%) Git (software)
2 438 (7.54%) Jenkins
3 282 (4.85%) JIRA
4 207 (3.56%) GitLab
5 152 (2.62%) Subversion
6 144 (2.48%) Visual Studio
7 125 (2.15%) JUnit
8 110 (1.89%) Selenium
9 89 (1.53%) Maven
10 87 (1.50%) Mercurial
11 84 (1.45%) webpack
12 68 (1.17%) Bitbucket
13 66 (1.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 63 (1.08%) Mockito
15 61 (1.05%) CircleCI
16 58 (1.00%) Eclipse
17 56 (0.96%) TeamCity
18 48 (0.83%) Artifactory
19 37 (0.64%) Cucumber
19 37 (0.64%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,154 (19.86%) Finance
2 389 (6.69%) Front Office
3 237 (4.08%) Banking
4 171 (2.94%) Electronics
5 167 (2.87%) Public Sector
6 162 (2.79%) Marketing
7 129 (2.22%) Games
8 125 (2.15%) Retail
9 124 (2.13%) Manufacturing
10 112 (1.93%) Law
11 110 (1.89%) Investment Banking
12 97 (1.67%) Telecoms
13 65 (1.12%) Automotive
14 52 (0.89%) Aerospace
15 46 (0.79%) Advertising
16 43 (0.74%) Publishing
17 42 (0.72%) Financial Institution
18 25 (0.43%) Back Office
19 22 (0.38%) Military
20 20 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,677 (46.07%) Software Engineer
2 2,060 (35.45%) Developer
3 642 (11.05%) Senior Software Engineer
4 426 (7.33%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 405 (6.97%) Java Engineer
6 385 (6.63%) Senior Developer
7 364 (6.26%) Python Engineer
8 363 (6.25%) Software Developer
9 351 (6.04%) Java Developer
10 340 (5.85%) Java Software Engineer
11 329 (5.66%) Python Developer
12 321 (5.52%) Python Software Engineer
13 300 (5.16%) C# Developer
14 285 (4.90%) C# Software Engineer
15 276 (4.75%) .NET Software Engineer
16 253 (4.35%) JavaScript Developer
17 244 (4.20%) .NET Developer
18 223 (3.84%) Architect
18 223 (3.84%) AWS Engineer
19 219 (3.77%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,478 (25.43%) .NET
2 1,250 (21.51%) React
3 1,111 (19.12%) AngularJS
4 854 (14.70%) Node.js
5 800 (13.77%) HTML
6 742 (12.77%) CSS
7 698 (12.01%) .NET Core
8 696 (11.98%) Web Services
9 545 (9.38%) Vue.js
10 465 (8.00%) REST
11 423 (7.28%) Spring
12 366 (6.30%) RESTful
13 361 (6.21%) Kafka
14 349 (6.01%) ASP.NET
15 338 (5.82%) HTML5
16 318 (5.47%) .NET Framework
17 272 (4.68%) Spring Boot
18 235 (4.04%) CSS3
19 228 (3.92%) RabbitMQ
20 190 (3.27%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 462 (7.95%) Algorithms
2 416 (7.16%) Greenfield Project
3 350 (6.02%) Hedge funds
4 325 (5.59%) Derivative
5 318 (5.47%) Fixed Income
6 293 (5.04%) Data Structures
7 280 (4.82%) Equities
8 267 (4.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 249 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
10 245 (4.22%) User Experience
11 197 (3.39%) Mobile App
12 133 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
13 115 (1.98%) Cloud Native
14 109 (1.88%) Blog
15 89 (1.53%) Management Information System
16 80 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
17 77 (1.33%) Virtual Team
18 73 (1.26%) Embedded Systems
19 67 (1.15%) Public Cloud
20 40 (0.69%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 817 (14.06%) Linux
2 330 (5.68%) Windows
3 173 (2.98%) Android
4 145 (2.50%) Unix
5 143 (2.46%) Apple iOS
6 50 (0.86%) CentOS
7 46 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
9 27 (0.46%) Windows Server
10 19 (0.33%) Ubuntu
11 15 (0.26%) VMS
12 10 (0.17%) Debian
12 10 (0.17%) VxWorks
13 9 (0.15%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.12%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.10%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.086%) Fedora
16 5 (0.086%) Robot Operating System
16 5 (0.086%) Windows Server 2016
17 4 (0.069%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,711 (46.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1,242 (21.37%) DevOps
3 1,230 (21.17%) Microservices
4 1,024 (17.62%) TDD
5 832 (14.32%) Scrum
6 749 (12.89%) Computer Science
7 593 (10.20%) Test Automation
8 576 (9.91%) OO
9 573 (9.86%) Continuous Integration
10 474 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
11 466 (8.02%) Mentoring
12 463 (7.97%) Unit Testing
13 457 (7.86%) Fintech
14 408 (7.02%) Open Source
15 385 (6.63%) BDD
16 384 (6.61%) Analytics
17 367 (6.32%) Asset Management
18 363 (6.25%) MVC
19 351 (6.04%) SDLC
20 342 (5.89%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2,241 (38.56%) JavaScript
2 1,984 (34.14%) Java
3 1,875 (32.27%) Python
4 1,716 (29.53%) C#
5 1,334 (22.96%) SQL
6 890 (15.32%) C++
7 516 (8.88%) TypeScript
8 470 (8.09%) C
9 392 (6.75%) Go
10 290 (4.99%) Kotlin
11 256 (4.41%) PHP
12 233 (4.01%) Scala
13 206 (3.55%) Ruby
14 192 (3.30%) Java 8
15 116 (2.00%) Embedded C
16 101 (1.74%) R
17 84 (1.45%) Bash Shell
17 84 (1.45%) PowerShell
18 83 (1.43%) T-SQL
19 77 (1.33%) ES6
Qualifications
1 961 (16.54%) Degree
2 311 (5.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 227 (3.91%) Security Cleared
4 153 (2.63%) SC Cleared
5 77 (1.33%) Numerate Degree
6 68 (1.17%) DV Cleared
7 49 (0.84%) PhD
8 40 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
9 38 (0.65%) Master's Degree
10 31 (0.53%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.22%) ISTQB
12 9 (0.15%) HND
13 8 (0.14%) HNC
13 8 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
14 7 (0.12%) OSCP
14 7 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
15 6 (0.10%) ISEB
15 6 (0.10%) OSCE
15 6 (0.10%) PMI Certification
16 5 (0.086%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 284 (4.89%) QA
2 35 (0.60%) GDPR
3 26 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 19 (0.33%) PMO
5 15 (0.26%) ISO 26262
5 15 (0.26%) ISO 9001
6 14 (0.24%) NIST
7 11 (0.19%) SLA
8 9 (0.15%) MISRA
9 8 (0.14%) Data Quality
9 8 (0.14%) ISO 13485
9 8 (0.14%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.086%) IEC 61508
10 5 (0.086%) NIST 800
11 4 (0.069%) DO-178B
12 3 (0.052%) EMIR
12 3 (0.052%) MiFID
12 3 (0.052%) MISRA C
12 3 (0.052%) WCAG
13 2 (0.034%) COBIT
System Software
1 1,161 (19.98%) Docker
2 48 (0.83%) Firmware
3 43 (0.74%) HDFS
4 27 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 24 (0.41%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.22%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.15%) vSphere
8 8 (0.14%) KVM
9 5 (0.086%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.069%) Kamailio
10 4 (0.069%) LXC
10 4 (0.069%) OpenSIPS
10 4 (0.069%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.034%) etcd
11 2 (0.034%) iptables
11 2 (0.034%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.017%) Gluster
12 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.017%) NFS
12 1 (0.017%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 861 (14.82%) Kubernetes
2 388 (6.68%) Terraform
3 221 (3.80%) Ansible
4 77 (1.33%) Puppet
5 50 (0.86%) Prometheus
6 46 (0.79%) Grafana
7 40 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (0.40%) Graphite
8 23 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
9 18 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
10 14 (0.24%) Consul
11 13 (0.22%) Marathon
11 13 (0.22%) Mesos
12 12 (0.21%) ZABBIX
13 11 (0.19%) Istio
13 11 (0.19%) Rancher
14 10 (0.17%) Kibana
15 9 (0.15%) Nagios
16 8 (0.14%) Packer
17 7 (0.12%) MIIS
Vendors
1 401 (6.90%) Microsoft
2 212 (3.65%) Google
3 198 (3.41%) Oracle
4 75 (1.29%) VMware
5 70 (1.20%) Atlassian
6 59 (1.02%) Talend
7 57 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
8 54 (0.93%) Xamarin
9 53 (0.91%) SAP
10 46 (0.79%) Cloudera
11 45 (0.77%) IBM
12 42 (0.72%) Informatica
13 35 (0.60%) Red Hat
14 31 (0.53%) MuleSoft
15 28 (0.48%) Facebook
16 27 (0.46%) Apple
17 26 (0.45%) TIBCO
18 21 (0.36%) Dell
19 20 (0.34%) UiPath
20 17 (0.29%) Adobe