Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 26 28
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +8
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,879 13,594 13,550
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.77% 7.67% 6.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 9.63% 8.39% 7.51%
Number of salaries quoted 11,711 10,990 11,900
UK median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £44,000 £44,000
% change year-on-year +7.95% - +10.00%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 154,531 162,100 180,377
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.12% 91.52% 90.79%
Number of salaries quoted 123,046 129,010 150,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 13,773 £52,500 +5.00% 2,544
UK excluding London +2 9,183 £47,500 +7.95% 1,874
London +7 5,520 £65,000 - 867
South East +1 2,683 £50,000 +11.11% 489
North of England +4 1,974 £45,000 - 363
South West +3 1,405 £47,500 +18.75% 226
East of England -2 1,264 £50,000 +11.11% 345
North West +14 1,056 £48,750 +8.33% 187
Midlands +14 935 £45,000 +12.50% 252
Yorkshire -9 732 £45,000 - 139
Scotland +12 686 £52,250 +30.63% 128
West Midlands +16 566 £45,000 +12.50% 166
East Midlands +8 367 £45,000 +12.50% 86
North East +16 186 £45,000 +9.09% 37
Wales +3 182 £42,500 -5.56% 32
Northern Ireland +6 73 £50,000 +42.86% 39

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,520 (50.54%) Agile Software Development
2 6,017 (40.44%) Java
3 4,904 (32.96%) C#
4 4,760 (31.99%) JavaScript
5 3,818 (25.66%) SQL
6 3,664 (24.63%) .NET
7 3,443 (23.14%) Degree
8 3,336 (22.42%) C++
9 3,306 (22.22%) Python
10 3,054 (20.53%) TDD
11 2,770 (18.62%) HTML
12 2,719 (18.27%) Finance
13 2,693 (18.10%) Computer Science
14 2,632 (17.69%) Scrum
15 2,631 (17.68%) AngularJS
16 2,627 (17.66%) Linux
17 2,491 (16.74%) Amazon AWS
18 2,426 (16.30%) DevOps
19 2,359 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
20 2,342 (15.74%) CSS
21 2,248 (15.11%) OO
22 2,022 (13.59%) Microservices
23 2,005 (13.48%) Git (software)
24 1,935 (13.00%) C
25 1,930 (12.97%) MVC
26 1,885 (12.67%) Web Services
27 1,849 (12.43%) Test Automation
28 1,826 (12.27%) Microsoft
29 1,779 (11.96%) ASP.NET
30 1,775 (11.93%) SQL Server

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 464 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
2 442 (2.97%) Apache
3 417 (2.80%) CMS
4 380 (2.55%) Apache Spark
5 286 (1.92%) Tomcat
6 228 (1.53%) Confluence
7 193 (1.30%) JBoss
8 157 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 140 (0.94%) WebSphere
10 105 (0.71%) IIS
11 104 (0.70%) Sitecore CMS
12 100 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 97 (0.65%) WebLogic
14 96 (0.65%) Apache Solr
15 88 (0.59%) Ethereum
16 84 (0.56%) nginx
17 83 (0.56%) WordPress
18 81 (0.54%) OpenStack
19 78 (0.52%) EPiServer
20 73 (0.49%) SharePoint
Applications
1 119 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 100 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
3 44 (0.30%) Simulink
4 42 (0.28%) Photoshop
5 33 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 20 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
6 20 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 20 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 17 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 13 (0.087%) Stateflow
9 11 (0.074%) Spreadsheet
10 9 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 8 (0.054%) SPSS
12 7 (0.047%) TargetLink
13 5 (0.034%) Maya
14 4 (0.027%) Doxygen
14 4 (0.027%) Fireworks
15 3 (0.020%) InVision
15 3 (0.020%) LibreOffice
15 3 (0.020%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 62 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
2 61 (0.41%) thinkFolio
3 58 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 54 (0.36%) Eagle PACE
5 53 (0.36%) Front Arena
6 41 (0.28%) Ripple
7 39 (0.26%) Eloqua
8 38 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
9 36 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
10 24 (0.16%) Bloomberg AIM
11 22 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
12 19 (0.13%) Magento
13 18 (0.12%) Markit EDM
14 17 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
15 12 (0.081%) SDL Web 8
16 9 (0.060%) Cognos TM1
17 6 (0.040%) Sentinel
18 5 (0.034%) LabWindows
18 5 (0.034%) LatentZero
18 5 (0.034%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 2,491 (16.74%) Amazon AWS
2 1,685 (11.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 438 (2.94%) SaaS
4 413 (2.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 377 (2.53%) GitHub
6 271 (1.82%) Serverless
7 222 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
8 172 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
9 159 (1.07%) PaaS
10 149 (1.00%) npm
11 145 (0.97%) Amazon S3
12 129 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
13 114 (0.77%) IaaS
14 98 (0.66%) OpenShift
15 92 (0.62%) Office 365
16 78 (0.52%) Slack
17 76 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
18 70 (0.47%) Amazon Kinesis
19 54 (0.36%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 43 (0.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 318 (2.14%) HTTP
2 297 (2.00%) Internet
3 265 (1.78%) TCP/IP
4 148 (0.99%) Firewall
5 104 (0.70%) Ethernet
6 100 (0.67%) Wireless
7 97 (0.65%) Network Security
8 83 (0.56%) SSL
9 77 (0.52%) DNS
10 68 (0.46%) Bluetooth
11 58 (0.39%) SMS
12 57 (0.38%) WAN
13 52 (0.35%) LAN
14 48 (0.32%) RS-232
15 47 (0.32%) FTP
16 44 (0.30%) AMQP
17 41 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
18 37 (0.25%) VoIP
19 33 (0.22%) VPN
20 31 (0.21%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,775 (11.93%) SQL Server
2 1,262 (8.48%) NoSQL
3 1,068 (7.18%) Big Data
4 1,003 (6.74%) MySQL
5 883 (5.93%) MongoDB
6 735 (4.94%) Relational Database
7 511 (3.43%) Hadoop
8 505 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
9 375 (2.52%) Apache Cassandra
10 322 (2.16%) Redis
11 274 (1.84%) Blockchain
12 232 (1.56%) RDBMS
13 153 (1.03%) Apache Hive
14 144 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 137 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 127 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
17 123 (0.83%) Oracle Database
18 114 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
19 109 (0.73%) Neo4j
20 104 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,005 (13.48%) Git (software)
2 1,466 (9.85%) Jenkins
3 787 (5.29%) Visual Studio
4 762 (5.12%) JIRA
5 718 (4.83%) Selenium
6 571 (3.84%) Subversion
7 549 (3.69%) Maven
8 529 (3.56%) JUnit
9 466 (3.13%) TeamCity
10 459 (3.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 414 (2.78%) Team Foundation Server
12 373 (2.51%) Cucumber
13 278 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
14 269 (1.81%) NUnit
15 261 (1.75%) Bitbucket
16 243 (1.63%) Gradle
17 238 (1.60%) Vagrant
18 234 (1.57%) gulp
19 216 (1.45%) Eclipse
20 189 (1.27%) webpack
General
1 2,719 (18.27%) Finance
2 658 (4.42%) Banking
3 616 (4.14%) Games
4 579 (3.89%) Retail
5 530 (3.56%) Marketing
6 519 (3.49%) Electronics
7 365 (2.45%) Front Office
8 335 (2.25%) Manufacturing
9 330 (2.22%) Telecoms
10 260 (1.75%) Automotive
11 252 (1.69%) Investment Banking
12 234 (1.57%) Financial Institution
13 231 (1.55%) Advertising
14 210 (1.41%) Law
15 175 (1.18%) Aerospace
16 156 (1.05%) Military
17 112 (0.75%) Publishing
18 98 (0.66%) Back Office
19 69 (0.46%) Legal
20 64 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6,261 (42.08%) Software Engineer
2 5,653 (37.99%) Developer
3 1,655 (11.12%) Java Developer
4 1,518 (10.20%) Senior Software Engineer
5 1,388 (9.33%) Software Developer
6 1,357 (9.12%) Java Engineer
7 1,312 (8.82%) C# Developer
8 1,196 (8.04%) Java Software Engineer
9 1,175 (7.90%) Senior Developer
10 1,138 (7.65%) .NET Developer
11 906 (6.09%) C# Software Engineer
12 876 (5.89%) C++ Software Engineer
13 833 (5.60%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 780 (5.24%) C# .NET Developer
15 660 (4.44%) Graduate
16 605 (4.07%) .NET Software Engineer
17 579 (3.89%) Embedded Engineer
18 562 (3.78%) Architect
19 514 (3.45%) Embedded Software Engineer
20 480 (3.23%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,664 (24.63%) .NET
2 2,770 (18.62%) HTML
3 2,631 (17.68%) AngularJS
4 2,342 (15.74%) CSS
5 1,885 (12.67%) Web Services
6 1,779 (11.96%) ASP.NET
7 1,765 (11.86%) Spring
8 1,719 (11.55%) React
9 1,486 (9.99%) RESTful
10 1,287 (8.65%) Node.js
11 1,212 (8.15%) HTML5
12 1,141 (7.67%) jQuery
13 1,061 (7.13%) REST
14 929 (6.24%) ASP.NET MVC
15 768 (5.16%) .NET Framework
16 762 (5.12%) XML
17 704 (4.73%) J2EE
18 676 (4.54%) CSS3
19 670 (4.50%) Hibernate
20 589 (3.96%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 2,693 (18.10%) Computer Science
2 1,105 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
3 911 (6.12%) Algorithms
4 895 (6.02%) User Experience
5 894 (6.01%) Analytical Skills
6 695 (4.67%) Fintech
7 534 (3.59%) Enterprise Software
8 467 (3.14%) Self-Motivation
9 432 (2.90%) Mobile App
10 431 (2.90%) Data Structures
11 276 (1.85%) Hedge funds
12 265 (1.78%) Embedded Systems
13 220 (1.48%) Derivative
14 214 (1.44%) Equities
15 194 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 191 (1.28%) Management Information System
17 183 (1.23%) Fixed Income
18 174 (1.17%) Robotics
19 157 (1.06%) Virtual Team
20 153 (1.03%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,627 (17.66%) Linux
2 1,452 (9.76%) Windows
3 563 (3.78%) Android
4 479 (3.22%) Unix
5 388 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 152 (1.02%) Embedded Linux
7 121 (0.81%) Mac OS X
8 102 (0.69%) CentOS
9 88 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 75 (0.50%) Windows Server
11 67 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 54 (0.36%) Windows 7
13 53 (0.36%) Debian
14 52 (0.35%) Windows 10
15 40 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 32 (0.22%) VMS
17 29 (0.19%) FreeRTOS
18 22 (0.15%) VxWorks
19 21 (0.14%) CoreOS
20 17 (0.11%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,520 (50.54%) Agile Software Development
2 3,054 (20.53%) TDD
3 2,632 (17.69%) Scrum
4 2,426 (16.30%) DevOps
5 2,359 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
6 2,248 (15.11%) OO
7 2,022 (13.59%) Microservices
8 1,930 (12.97%) MVC
9 1,849 (12.43%) Test Automation
10 1,695 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
11 1,527 (10.26%) SDLC
12 1,428 (9.60%) BDD
13 1,374 (9.23%) Mentoring
14 1,247 (8.38%) Mathematics
15 1,216 (8.17%) Open Source
16 1,145 (7.70%) Unit Testing
17 1,056 (7.10%) Web Development
18 1,025 (6.89%) Machine Learning
19 911 (6.12%) Analytics
20 867 (5.83%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 6,017 (40.44%) Java
2 4,904 (32.96%) C#
3 4,760 (31.99%) JavaScript
4 3,818 (25.66%) SQL
5 3,336 (22.42%) C++
6 3,306 (22.22%) Python
7 1,935 (13.00%) C
8 966 (6.49%) PHP
9 902 (6.06%) Java 8
10 710 (4.77%) Scala
11 687 (4.62%) Ruby
12 445 (2.99%) T-SQL
13 436 (2.93%) Go
14 412 (2.77%) Bash Shell
15 353 (2.37%) Embedded C
16 335 (2.25%) PowerShell
17 333 (2.24%) TypeScript
18 277 (1.86%) Embedded C++
19 265 (1.78%) Perl
20 259 (1.74%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 3,443 (23.14%) Degree
2 1,173 (7.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 766 (5.15%) Security Cleared
4 422 (2.84%) PhD
5 319 (2.14%) DV Cleared
6 311 (2.09%) SC Cleared
7 196 (1.32%) Master's Degree
8 179 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
9 172 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
10 111 (0.75%) CISSP
11 91 (0.61%) MCSE
12 81 (0.54%) CompTIA Security+
13 70 (0.47%) ISEB
14 63 (0.42%) GIAC
15 62 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
15 62 (0.42%) SANS
15 62 (0.42%) SSCP
16 61 (0.41%) CCNA
17 57 (0.38%) HND
18 56 (0.38%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,025 (6.89%) QA
2 137 (0.92%) GCP
3 77 (0.52%) GDPR
4 69 (0.46%) MISRA
5 57 (0.38%) ISO 9001
6 46 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 35 (0.24%) SLA
8 34 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 30 (0.20%) IEC 61508
10 29 (0.19%) MISRA C
11 24 (0.16%) PMO
12 23 (0.15%) DO-178B
13 21 (0.14%) Data Quality
13 21 (0.14%) GPG13
14 16 (0.11%) ECSS
14 16 (0.11%) ISO 26262
15 13 (0.087%) ISO 15765
16 12 (0.081%) Def Stans
16 12 (0.081%) DICOM
17 10 (0.067%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 1,697 (11.41%) Docker
2 231 (1.55%) Firmware
3 125 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 71 (0.48%) Active Directory
5 70 (0.47%) vSphere
6 51 (0.34%) VirtualBox
7 50 (0.34%) HDFS
8 49 (0.33%) Hyper-V
9 40 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
10 33 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
11 31 (0.21%) Varnish
12 21 (0.14%) Apache Flume
13 19 (0.13%) LXC
14 18 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
14 18 (0.12%) XenApp
14 18 (0.12%) XenDesktop
15 15 (0.10%) VMware NSX
16 14 (0.094%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 12 (0.081%) Xen
18 11 (0.074%) NFS
Systems Management
1 645 (4.33%) Ansible
2 603 (4.05%) Kubernetes
3 531 (3.57%) Terraform
4 501 (3.37%) Puppet
5 414 (2.78%) Opscode Chef
6 86 (0.58%) Salt
7 81 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
8 78 (0.52%) Nagios
9 66 (0.44%) Prometheus
10 53 (0.36%) Packer
11 50 (0.34%) ZABBIX
12 46 (0.31%) Consul
13 41 (0.28%) SCCM
14 39 (0.26%) Mesos
15 36 (0.24%) Kibana
16 33 (0.22%) Grafana
16 33 (0.22%) Marathon
17 32 (0.22%) vCenter Server
18 29 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
19 27 (0.18%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 1,826 (12.27%) Microsoft
2 995 (6.69%) Oracle
3 624 (4.19%) Google
4 218 (1.47%) VMware
5 210 (1.41%) Xamarin
6 208 (1.40%) SAP
7 197 (1.32%) Atlassian
8 159 (1.07%) IBM
9 154 (1.04%) Adobe
10 137 (0.92%) Red Hat
10 137 (0.92%) Sitecore
11 99 (0.67%) hybris
12 97 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
13 88 (0.59%) Cloudera
14 86 (0.58%) Capita
15 83 (0.56%) WorldPay
16 72 (0.48%) Cisco
17 69 (0.46%) Charles River
17 69 (0.46%) New Relic
18 68 (0.46%) Sybase