Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 20 21
Rank change year-on-year +4 +1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 6,778 12,573 14,797
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.63% 9.96% 9.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.51% 10.81% 10.64%
Number of salaries quoted 6,887 10,602 12,429
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,802 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 58,876 116,316 139,084
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.35% 92.12% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 47,493 93,197 111,139
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,569 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.53% +1.27% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 6,078 £60,000 - 1,793
UK excluding London 0 3,733 £52,500 +5.00% 1,252
London +5 2,823 £75,000 - 702
Work from Home +5 1,365 £60,000 - 418
North of England +7 1,069 £52,500 +5.00% 327
South East -3 968 £55,000 +10.00% 271
Yorkshire +10 500 £52,500 +5.00% 108
South West -9 485 £50,000 +11.11% 169
North West +7 477 £55,000 +4.76% 189
Midlands +9 413 £50,000 +5.26% 154
Scotland -3 399 £50,000 +5.26% 98
East of England +5 234 £57,000 +14.00% 166
West Midlands -3 229 £52,500 +5.00% 77
East Midlands +16 183 £50,000 +5.26% 77
Northern Ireland +9 101 £45,000 -23.40% 37
North East -5 92 £48,750 +2.63% 31
Wales -8 66 £48,750 +15.58% 33
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,242 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
2 2,552 (37.65%) JavaScript
3 2,262 (33.37%) Java
4 2,152 (31.75%) Python
5 2,064 (30.45%) C#
6 2,039 (30.08%) AWS
7 1,749 (25.80%) .NET
8 1,576 (23.25%) Azure
9 1,558 (22.99%) SQL
10 1,471 (21.70%) DevOps
11 1,444 (21.30%) React
12 1,408 (20.77%) Docker
13 1,381 (20.37%) Microservices
14 1,333 (19.67%) Finance
15 1,200 (17.70%) AngularJS
16 1,152 (17.00%) TDD
17 1,075 (15.86%) C++
18 1,069 (15.77%) Kubernetes
19 1,060 (15.64%) Degree
20 979 (14.44%) Linux
21 978 (14.43%) Scrum
22 919 (13.56%) Node.js
23 879 (12.97%) HTML
24 853 (12.58%) .NET Core
25 838 (12.36%) Computer Science
26 797 (11.76%) CSS
27 790 (11.66%) Git (software)
28 713 (10.52%) Web Services
29 698 (10.30%) Test Automation
29 698 (10.30%) GCP

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
2 174 (2.57%) Confluence
3 166 (2.45%) Apache
4 127 (1.87%) Apache Spark
5 67 (0.99%) nginx
6 48 (0.71%) SAS
7 42 (0.62%) CMS
8 38 (0.56%) JBoss
9 24 (0.35%) WebSphere
10 22 (0.32%) Red Hat Fuse
11 20 (0.30%) Apache ServiceMix
12 19 (0.28%) OpenStack
12 19 (0.28%) SharePoint
13 18 (0.27%) Headless CMS
13 18 (0.27%) Tomcat
14 14 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
14 14 (0.21%) IIS
14 14 (0.21%) Umbraco
15 13 (0.19%) Apache Solr
15 13 (0.19%) Tornado
Applications
1 26 (0.38%) InVision
1 26 (0.38%) Sketch
2 24 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.27%) Simulink
4 17 (0.25%) Chatbot
5 16 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
6 11 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 8 (0.12%) AutoCAD
8 7 (0.10%) MS Visio
8 7 (0.10%) Zeplin
9 5 (0.074%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.059%) Gliffy
10 4 (0.059%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 4 (0.059%) Stateflow
11 2 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
11 2 (0.030%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.015%) Figma
12 1 (0.015%) Marvel
12 1 (0.015%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 35 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
3 18 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.21%) R3 Corda
5 9 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 8 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
6 8 (0.12%) Markit EDM
7 7 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 6 (0.089%) Shopify
9 5 (0.074%) BigMachines
9 5 (0.074%) Sentinel
10 4 (0.059%) Magento
10 4 (0.059%) Maximo
10 4 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
12 2 (0.030%) SAP Business One
13 1 (0.015%) Elite 3E
13 1 (0.015%) MoSes
13 1 (0.015%) NetSuite
13 1 (0.015%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,039 (30.08%) AWS
2 1,576 (23.25%) Azure
3 698 (10.30%) GCP
4 477 (7.04%) Serverless
5 286 (4.22%) SaaS
6 280 (4.13%) AWS Lambda
7 165 (2.43%) GitHub
8 156 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
9 153 (2.26%) Cloud Computing
10 141 (2.08%) Amazon S3
11 117 (1.73%) AWS CloudFormation
12 92 (1.36%) PaaS
13 78 (1.15%) Amazon ECS
14 68 (1.00%) Power Platform
15 55 (0.81%) IaaS
16 50 (0.74%) npm
17 45 (0.66%) Apigee
18 37 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
19 36 (0.53%) Amazon EKS
20 35 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 73 (1.08%) TCP/IP
2 71 (1.05%) HTTP
3 52 (0.77%) Ethernet
4 50 (0.74%) Wireless
5 46 (0.68%) Internet
6 31 (0.46%) Bluetooth
7 30 (0.44%) Network Security
8 27 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
9 21 (0.31%) Firewall
9 21 (0.31%) Wireshark
10 19 (0.28%) DNS
11 17 (0.25%) MQTT
11 17 (0.25%) RS-232
11 17 (0.25%) RS-485
12 16 (0.24%) Software-Defined Radio
13 14 (0.21%) ZigBee
14 12 (0.18%) VPN
15 11 (0.16%) HTTPS
16 10 (0.15%) Kerberos
16 10 (0.15%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 661 (9.75%) SQL Server
2 606 (8.94%) NoSQL
3 385 (5.68%) PostgreSQL
4 355 (5.24%) Big Data
5 311 (4.59%) MySQL
6 287 (4.23%) Relational Database
7 236 (3.48%) MongoDB
8 201 (2.97%) Redis
9 159 (2.35%) Hadoop
10 140 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 86 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
12 71 (1.05%) Apache Hive
13 65 (0.96%) Power BI
14 63 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
15 60 (0.89%) Amazon Redshift
16 59 (0.87%) Blockchain
17 55 (0.81%) RDBMS
18 53 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
19 51 (0.75%) Oracle Database
20 48 (0.71%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 790 (11.66%) Git (software)
2 493 (7.27%) Jenkins
3 345 (5.09%) JIRA
4 255 (3.76%) GitLab
5 178 (2.63%) Visual Studio
6 140 (2.07%) Subversion
7 133 (1.96%) Selenium
8 120 (1.77%) JUnit
9 106 (1.56%) webpack
10 101 (1.49%) Maven
11 93 (1.37%) Mercurial
12 69 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 69 (1.02%) Eclipse
13 68 (1.00%) Bitbucket
14 67 (0.99%) TeamCity
15 65 (0.96%) Artifactory
16 58 (0.86%) CircleCI
17 56 (0.83%) Cypress.io
18 51 (0.75%) Mockito
19 49 (0.72%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,333 (19.67%) Finance
2 405 (5.98%) Front Office
3 233 (3.44%) Banking
4 220 (3.25%) Marketing
5 211 (3.11%) Electronics
6 190 (2.80%) Public Sector
7 187 (2.76%) Games
8 156 (2.30%) Retail
9 152 (2.24%) Manufacturing
10 150 (2.21%) Law
11 108 (1.59%) Telecoms
12 89 (1.31%) Investment Banking
13 80 (1.18%) Aerospace
14 62 (0.91%) Automotive
15 51 (0.75%) Legal
16 50 (0.74%) Advertising
16 50 (0.74%) Financial Institution
17 38 (0.56%) Publishing
18 31 (0.46%) Military
19 26 (0.38%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,160 (46.62%) Software Engineer
2 2,451 (36.16%) Developer
3 758 (11.18%) Senior Software Engineer
4 542 (8.00%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 480 (7.08%) Java Engineer
6 455 (6.71%) Senior Developer
7 442 (6.52%) Software Developer
8 407 (6.00%) Java Software Engineer
9 399 (5.89%) Java Developer
10 369 (5.44%) Python Engineer
11 368 (5.43%) C# Developer
12 333 (4.91%) Python Developer
13 330 (4.87%) .NET Software Engineer
14 327 (4.82%) C# Software Engineer
15 326 (4.81%) Python Software Engineer
16 322 (4.75%) JavaScript Developer
17 317 (4.68%) React Developer
18 301 (4.44%) .NET Developer
19 260 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
20 247 (3.64%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,749 (25.80%) .NET
2 1,444 (21.30%) React
3 1,200 (17.70%) AngularJS
4 919 (13.56%) Node.js
5 879 (12.97%) HTML
6 853 (12.58%) .NET Core
7 797 (11.76%) CSS
8 713 (10.52%) Web Services
9 578 (8.53%) Vue.js
10 500 (7.38%) Spring
11 499 (7.36%) REST
12 468 (6.90%) Kafka
13 398 (5.87%) ASP.NET
14 381 (5.62%) .NET Framework
15 372 (5.49%) RESTful
16 354 (5.22%) HTML5
17 306 (4.51%) Spring Boot
18 243 (3.59%) RabbitMQ
19 233 (3.44%) CSS3
20 220 (3.25%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 483 (7.13%) Greenfield Project
2 476 (7.02%) Algorithms
3 341 (5.03%) Hedge funds
4 313 (4.62%) Derivative
5 302 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
6 299 (4.41%) Data Structures
7 290 (4.28%) Fixed Income
8 275 (4.06%) Equities
9 266 (3.92%) User Experience
10 252 (3.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 201 (2.97%) Mobile App
12 158 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
13 134 (1.98%) Blog
14 128 (1.89%) Cloud Native
15 114 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
16 113 (1.67%) Management Information System
17 96 (1.42%) Virtual Team
18 93 (1.37%) Embedded Systems
19 72 (1.06%) Public Cloud
20 62 (0.91%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 979 (14.44%) Linux
2 372 (5.49%) Windows
3 174 (2.57%) Android
4 150 (2.21%) Unix
5 141 (2.08%) Apple iOS
6 47 (0.69%) CentOS
7 44 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
7 44 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (0.34%) Windows Server
9 12 (0.18%) VMS
9 12 (0.18%) VxWorks
10 11 (0.16%) Debian
11 9 (0.13%) Ubuntu
12 8 (0.12%) Windows 10
13 6 (0.089%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.089%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.074%) Fedora
14 5 (0.074%) FreeRTOS
14 5 (0.074%) Windows Server 2016
15 4 (0.059%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,242 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,471 (21.70%) DevOps
3 1,381 (20.37%) Microservices
4 1,152 (17.00%) TDD
5 978 (14.43%) Scrum
6 838 (12.36%) Computer Science
7 698 (10.30%) Test Automation
8 645 (9.52%) OO
9 600 (8.85%) Continuous Integration
10 590 (8.70%) Problem-Solving
11 533 (7.86%) Mentoring
12 507 (7.48%) Unit Testing
13 485 (7.16%) Fintech
14 455 (6.71%) Open Source
15 434 (6.40%) Analytics
15 434 (6.40%) SDLC
16 425 (6.27%) MVC
17 408 (6.02%) BDD
18 395 (5.83%) Asset Management
19 389 (5.74%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2,552 (37.65%) JavaScript
2 2,262 (33.37%) Java
3 2,152 (31.75%) Python
4 2,064 (30.45%) C#
5 1,558 (22.99%) SQL
6 1,075 (15.86%) C++
7 608 (8.97%) TypeScript
8 526 (7.76%) C
9 472 (6.96%) Go
10 287 (4.23%) Kotlin
11 261 (3.85%) PHP
12 248 (3.66%) Scala
13 242 (3.57%) Ruby
14 218 (3.22%) Java 8
15 122 (1.80%) Embedded C
16 110 (1.62%) Bash Shell
16 110 (1.62%) R
16 110 (1.62%) T-SQL
17 92 (1.36%) PowerShell
18 86 (1.27%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,060 (15.64%) Degree
2 334 (4.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 332 (4.90%) Security Cleared
4 253 (3.73%) SC Cleared
5 95 (1.40%) Numerate Degree
6 65 (0.96%) PhD
7 49 (0.72%) DV Cleared
8 36 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 36 (0.53%) Master's Degree
9 34 (0.50%) HND
10 31 (0.46%) HNC
11 22 (0.32%) AWS Certification
12 19 (0.28%) ISTQB
13 11 (0.16%) ISEB
14 8 (0.12%) OSCP
14 8 (0.12%) SANS
15 7 (0.10%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.10%) PMI Certification
16 6 (0.089%) OSCE
17 5 (0.074%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 313 (4.62%) QA
2 35 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (0.41%) GDPR
4 18 (0.27%) ISO 9001
5 16 (0.24%) SLA
6 15 (0.22%) ISO 26262
6 15 (0.22%) PMO
7 13 (0.19%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.18%) NIST
9 11 (0.16%) MISRA
10 9 (0.13%) PCI DSS
11 8 (0.12%) WCAG
12 7 (0.10%) ISO 13485
13 5 (0.074%) Def Stans
14 4 (0.059%) IEC 61508
14 4 (0.059%) MISRA C
15 3 (0.044%) EMIR
15 3 (0.044%) MiFID
15 3 (0.044%) NIST 800
16 2 (0.030%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 1,408 (20.77%) Docker
2 48 (0.71%) Firmware
3 44 (0.65%) HDFS
4 35 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 24 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 18 (0.27%) VirtualBox
7 15 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 7 (0.10%) KVM
9 5 (0.074%) vSphere
10 4 (0.059%) Kamailio
10 4 (0.059%) OpenSIPS
10 4 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.030%) etcd
11 2 (0.030%) iptables
11 2 (0.030%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.030%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.015%) Gluster
12 1 (0.015%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.015%) LXC
12 1 (0.015%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,069 (15.77%) Kubernetes
2 500 (7.38%) Terraform
3 282 (4.16%) Ansible
4 102 (1.50%) Puppet
5 59 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
6 51 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 47 (0.69%) Grafana
8 22 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
10 19 (0.28%) Consul
11 17 (0.25%) Rancher
12 16 (0.24%) Istio
12 16 (0.24%) Packer
13 15 (0.22%) Graphite
13 15 (0.22%) Nagios
14 14 (0.21%) Kibana
15 12 (0.18%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.10%) Mesos
16 7 (0.10%) MIIS
16 7 (0.10%) Oozie
Vendors
1 464 (6.85%) Microsoft
2 244 (3.60%) Google
3 225 (3.32%) Oracle
4 89 (1.31%) Atlassian
5 73 (1.08%) IBM
5 73 (1.08%) VMware
6 70 (1.03%) SAP
7 62 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
8 60 (0.89%) Talend
9 54 (0.80%) Xamarin
10 45 (0.66%) Cloudera
11 40 (0.59%) MuleSoft
12 37 (0.55%) Red Hat
13 36 (0.53%) Informatica
14 33 (0.49%) TIBCO
15 29 (0.43%) Dell
16 24 (0.35%) Apple
16 24 (0.35%) Facebook
17 22 (0.32%) UiPath
18 21 (0.31%) Adobe