Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 26 27
Rank change year-on-year +4 +1 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,631 14,006 13,211
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.95% 8.04% 6.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 9.83% 8.78% 7.61%
Number of salaries quoted 11,688 11,235 11,642
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +10.00%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 148,908 159,518 173,686
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.04% 91.56% 90.90%
Number of salaries quoted 118,438 125,808 144,551
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 13,448 £52,500 +5.00% 2,832
UK excluding London 0 8,913 £47,500 +5.56% 2,213
London +7 5,506 £67,500 +3.85% 885
South East +1 2,684 £50,000 +11.11% 505
North of England +5 1,922 £45,000 - 501
South West +2 1,334 £45,000 +5.88% 306
East of England -8 1,025 £50,000 +6.38% 385
North West +5 986 £49,500 +10.00% 260
Midlands +14 961 £45,000 +8.43% 251
Yorkshire +4 763 £45,000 - 165
Scotland +11 716 £47,500 +18.75% 151
West Midlands +11 529 £45,000 +9.76% 139
East Midlands +5 429 £45,000 +12.50% 112
Wales 0 206 £40,000 - 82
North East +26 180 £45,000 +12.50% 76
Northern Ireland +10 80 £50,000 +29.03% 34

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,202 (49.22%) Agile Software Development
2 5,885 (40.22%) Java
3 4,944 (33.79%) C#
4 4,532 (30.98%) JavaScript
5 3,738 (25.55%) SQL
6 3,630 (24.81%) .NET
7 3,320 (22.69%) Degree
8 3,239 (22.14%) C++
9 3,201 (21.88%) Python
10 2,837 (19.39%) TDD
11 2,731 (18.67%) HTML
12 2,719 (18.58%) Finance
13 2,569 (17.56%) Linux
14 2,509 (17.15%) Computer Science
15 2,424 (16.57%) AngularJS
16 2,419 (16.53%) Amazon AWS
17 2,389 (16.33%) Scrum
18 2,373 (16.22%) CSS
19 2,346 (16.03%) DevOps
20 2,185 (14.93%) Continuous Integration
21 2,109 (14.41%) OO
22 2,002 (13.68%) Microservices
23 1,867 (12.76%) Git (software)
24 1,846 (12.62%) C
25 1,834 (12.54%) Microsoft
26 1,797 (12.28%) Microsoft Azure
27 1,787 (12.21%) Test Automation
28 1,779 (12.16%) MVC
29 1,700 (11.62%) ASP.NET
30 1,681 (11.49%) Docker

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 484 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
2 459 (3.14%) Apache
3 406 (2.77%) Apache Spark
4 377 (2.58%) CMS
5 228 (1.56%) Tomcat
6 213 (1.46%) Confluence
7 170 (1.16%) JBoss
8 108 (0.74%) IIS
9 103 (0.70%) Sitecore CMS
10 102 (0.70%) Ethereum
11 98 (0.67%) nginx
12 97 (0.66%) EPiServer
13 96 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 95 (0.65%) SharePoint
15 93 (0.64%) WebSphere
16 89 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 75 (0.51%) Apache Solr
18 72 (0.49%) WordPress
19 71 (0.49%) WebLogic
20 68 (0.46%) OpenStack
Applications
1 92 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (0.28%) Photoshop
4 33 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 29 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
6 28 (0.19%) Simulink
7 27 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 26 (0.18%) MS Visio
9 19 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
10 14 (0.096%) SPSS
11 11 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 10 (0.068%) Maya
12 10 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
13 9 (0.062%) Stateflow
14 6 (0.041%) TargetLink
15 5 (0.034%) Snapchat
16 4 (0.027%) Doxygen
16 4 (0.027%) Fireworks
16 4 (0.027%) InVision
17 3 (0.021%) LibreOffice
Business Applications
1 64 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
2 55 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 43 (0.29%) Eloqua
4 41 (0.28%) Ripple
5 31 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 29 (0.20%) thinkFolio
7 28 (0.19%) Magento
7 28 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
8 22 (0.15%) Eagle PACE
9 20 (0.14%) Front Arena
10 19 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
11 17 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
12 16 (0.11%) Bloomberg AIM
13 13 (0.089%) Actimize
13 13 (0.089%) Odoo
13 13 (0.089%) SDL Web 8
14 12 (0.082%) Markit EDM
15 11 (0.075%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 7 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
16 7 (0.048%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,419 (16.53%) Amazon AWS
2 1,797 (12.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 478 (3.27%) Google Cloud Platform
4 460 (3.14%) SaaS
5 366 (2.50%) GitHub
6 260 (1.78%) Serverless
7 256 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
8 194 (1.33%) PaaS
9 164 (1.12%) npm
10 118 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
11 111 (0.76%) AWS Lambda
12 97 (0.66%) Amazon S3
12 97 (0.66%) Office 365
13 95 (0.65%) OpenShift
14 88 (0.60%) IaaS
15 76 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
15 76 (0.52%) Slack
16 44 (0.30%) Amazon Kinesis
17 33 (0.23%) Dynamics 365
18 32 (0.22%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 344 (2.35%) HTTP
2 272 (1.86%) TCP/IP
3 239 (1.63%) Internet
4 167 (1.14%) Firewall
5 99 (0.68%) SSL
6 92 (0.63%) Network Security
7 88 (0.60%) Wireless
8 85 (0.58%) Ethernet
9 73 (0.50%) RS-232
10 65 (0.44%) Bluetooth
11 62 (0.42%) DNS
11 62 (0.42%) RS-485
12 49 (0.33%) WAN
13 46 (0.31%) LAN
14 44 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
15 40 (0.27%) VoIP
16 38 (0.26%) Intranet
17 37 (0.25%) VPN
18 34 (0.23%) FTP
18 34 (0.23%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,666 (11.39%) SQL Server
2 1,189 (8.13%) NoSQL
3 1,038 (7.09%) Big Data
4 923 (6.31%) MySQL
5 797 (5.45%) MongoDB
6 701 (4.79%) Relational Database
7 499 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
8 494 (3.38%) Hadoop
9 376 (2.57%) Apache Cassandra
10 266 (1.82%) Redis
11 263 (1.80%) Blockchain
12 256 (1.75%) RDBMS
13 173 (1.18%) Apache Hive
13 173 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
14 160 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 146 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 113 (0.77%) Amazon Redshift
17 112 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 111 (0.76%) Neo4j
19 109 (0.74%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,867 (12.76%) Git (software)
2 1,342 (9.17%) Jenkins
3 810 (5.54%) Visual Studio
4 704 (4.81%) JIRA
5 676 (4.62%) Selenium
6 521 (3.56%) Subversion
7 499 (3.41%) Maven
8 423 (2.89%) TeamCity
9 420 (2.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 411 (2.81%) JUnit
11 373 (2.55%) Team Foundation Server
12 311 (2.13%) Cucumber
13 262 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
14 243 (1.66%) Bitbucket
15 238 (1.63%) gulp
16 214 (1.46%) Gradle
17 208 (1.42%) webpack
18 199 (1.36%) NUnit
19 191 (1.31%) Eclipse
20 173 (1.18%) Ant
General
1 2,719 (18.58%) Finance
2 657 (4.49%) Banking
3 625 (4.27%) Games
4 578 (3.95%) Retail
5 564 (3.85%) Marketing
6 484 (3.31%) Electronics
7 372 (2.54%) Manufacturing
8 359 (2.45%) Telecoms
9 297 (2.03%) Front Office
10 266 (1.82%) Automotive
11 212 (1.45%) Law
12 208 (1.42%) Financial Institution
13 200 (1.37%) Investment Banking
14 198 (1.35%) Advertising
15 170 (1.16%) Military
16 157 (1.07%) Aerospace
17 129 (0.88%) Publishing
18 83 (0.57%) Back Office
19 66 (0.45%) Legal
20 42 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6,077 (41.54%) Software Engineer
2 5,469 (37.38%) Developer
3 1,616 (11.05%) Java Developer
4 1,427 (9.75%) Senior Software Engineer
5 1,247 (8.52%) C# Developer
6 1,203 (8.22%) Java Engineer
7 1,185 (8.10%) Software Developer
8 1,120 (7.65%) Senior Developer
9 1,057 (7.22%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,024 (7.00%) .NET Developer
11 895 (6.12%) C# Software Engineer
12 750 (5.13%) C++ Software Engineer
13 733 (5.01%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 701 (4.79%) C# .NET Developer
15 651 (4.45%) Graduate
16 583 (3.98%) .NET Software Engineer
17 578 (3.95%) Architect
18 513 (3.51%) Embedded Engineer
19 477 (3.26%) Junior
20 463 (3.16%) Embedded Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,630 (24.81%) .NET
2 2,731 (18.67%) HTML
3 2,424 (16.57%) AngularJS
4 2,373 (16.22%) CSS
5 1,700 (11.62%) ASP.NET
6 1,655 (11.31%) Web Services
7 1,630 (11.14%) Spring
8 1,552 (10.61%) React
9 1,404 (9.60%) RESTful
10 1,260 (8.61%) Node.js
11 1,189 (8.13%) HTML5
12 1,031 (7.05%) jQuery
13 991 (6.77%) REST
14 880 (6.01%) ASP.NET MVC
15 701 (4.79%) .NET Framework
16 685 (4.68%) CSS3
17 678 (4.63%) XML
18 592 (4.05%) Hibernate
19 586 (4.01%) J2EE
20 557 (3.81%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 2,509 (17.15%) Computer Science
2 1,099 (7.51%) Greenfield Project
3 888 (6.07%) Algorithms
4 861 (5.88%) User Experience
5 857 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
6 729 (4.98%) Fintech
7 545 (3.72%) Enterprise Software
8 436 (2.98%) Data Structures
9 411 (2.81%) Mobile App
10 409 (2.80%) Self-Motivation
11 290 (1.98%) Hedge funds
12 282 (1.93%) Embedded Systems
13 213 (1.46%) Equities
14 209 (1.43%) Robotics
15 207 (1.41%) Derivative
16 197 (1.35%) Fixed Income
17 191 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 176 (1.20%) Management Information System
19 168 (1.15%) Public Cloud
20 158 (1.08%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,569 (17.56%) Linux
2 1,329 (9.08%) Windows
3 531 (3.63%) Android
4 490 (3.35%) Unix
5 377 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 142 (0.97%) Embedded Linux
7 119 (0.81%) CentOS
7 119 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 109 (0.74%) Mac OS X
9 97 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 70 (0.48%) Windows Server
11 46 (0.31%) Windows 10
12 45 (0.31%) Windows 7
13 40 (0.27%) Debian
14 37 (0.25%) FreeRTOS
15 31 (0.21%) Mac OS
16 21 (0.14%) VMS
17 20 (0.14%) CoreOS
18 19 (0.13%) VxWorks
19 18 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,202 (49.22%) Agile Software Development
2 2,837 (19.39%) TDD
3 2,389 (16.33%) Scrum
4 2,346 (16.03%) DevOps
5 2,185 (14.93%) Continuous Integration
6 2,109 (14.41%) OO
7 2,002 (13.68%) Microservices
8 1,787 (12.21%) Test Automation
9 1,779 (12.16%) MVC
10 1,663 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
11 1,439 (9.84%) SDLC
12 1,381 (9.44%) Mentoring
13 1,299 (8.88%) BDD
14 1,192 (8.15%) Open Source
15 1,188 (8.12%) Mathematics
16 1,055 (7.21%) Unit Testing
17 1,007 (6.88%) Web Development
18 953 (6.51%) Machine Learning
19 939 (6.42%) Continuous Delivery
20 925 (6.32%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 5,885 (40.22%) Java
2 4,944 (33.79%) C#
3 4,532 (30.98%) JavaScript
4 3,738 (25.55%) SQL
5 3,239 (22.14%) C++
6 3,201 (21.88%) Python
7 1,846 (12.62%) C
8 866 (5.92%) PHP
9 859 (5.87%) Java 8
10 604 (4.13%) Ruby
11 579 (3.96%) Scala
12 469 (3.21%) Go
13 404 (2.76%) Bash Shell
14 396 (2.71%) TypeScript
15 389 (2.66%) T-SQL
16 320 (2.19%) PowerShell
17 300 (2.05%) Embedded C
18 271 (1.85%) PL/SQL
19 218 (1.49%) ES6
20 200 (1.37%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,320 (22.69%) Degree
2 1,083 (7.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 757 (5.17%) Security Cleared
4 419 (2.86%) PhD
5 337 (2.30%) DV Cleared
6 330 (2.26%) SC Cleared
7 187 (1.28%) Master's Degree
8 173 (1.18%) Numerate Degree
9 147 (1.00%) Microsoft Certification
10 132 (0.90%) CISSP
11 95 (0.65%) MPhil
12 89 (0.61%) CompTIA Security+
13 87 (0.59%) MCSE
14 78 (0.53%) GIAC
15 72 (0.49%) SANS
15 72 (0.49%) SSCP
16 69 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
17 68 (0.46%) CCNA
17 68 (0.46%) SAFe Agilist
18 65 (0.44%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 938 (6.41%) QA
2 109 (0.74%) GDPR
3 57 (0.39%) MISRA
4 54 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 36 (0.25%) ISO 9001
6 29 (0.20%) MISRA C
7 25 (0.17%) SLA
8 24 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 23 (0.16%) DO-178B
10 21 (0.14%) IEC 61508
11 19 (0.13%) GPG13
12 18 (0.12%) Data Quality
13 17 (0.12%) PMO
14 14 (0.096%) DICOM
14 14 (0.096%) ECSS
14 14 (0.096%) ISO 26262
15 9 (0.062%) Def Stans
15 9 (0.062%) IEC 61131
16 8 (0.055%) ISO 13485
16 8 (0.055%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 1,681 (11.49%) Docker
2 231 (1.58%) Firmware
3 101 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 72 (0.49%) vSphere
5 69 (0.47%) Active Directory
6 56 (0.38%) VirtualBox
7 48 (0.33%) HDFS
8 34 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
9 32 (0.22%) Hyper-V
10 25 (0.17%) Varnish
11 24 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
12 18 (0.12%) VMware NSX
13 17 (0.12%) Xen
14 15 (0.10%) NFS
14 15 (0.10%) Samba
15 13 (0.089%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 12 (0.082%) iptables
17 10 (0.068%) Apache Flume
17 10 (0.068%) LXC
17 10 (0.068%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 704 (4.81%) Kubernetes
2 607 (4.15%) Ansible
3 497 (3.40%) Terraform
4 431 (2.95%) Puppet
5 327 (2.23%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (0.70%) Salt
7 76 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
8 70 (0.48%) Prometheus
9 67 (0.46%) Packer
10 62 (0.42%) Nagios
11 53 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
12 48 (0.33%) Grafana
13 46 (0.31%) Consul
14 38 (0.26%) Mesos
15 37 (0.25%) ZABBIX
16 36 (0.25%) vCenter Server
17 35 (0.24%) Kibana
18 27 (0.18%) SCCM
19 23 (0.16%) Oozie
20 22 (0.15%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,834 (12.54%) Microsoft
2 855 (5.84%) Oracle
3 638 (4.36%) Google
4 255 (1.74%) SAP
5 187 (1.28%) Xamarin
6 183 (1.25%) VMware
7 162 (1.11%) Red Hat
8 153 (1.05%) Adobe
9 152 (1.04%) Atlassian
10 139 (0.95%) Sitecore
11 138 (0.94%) IBM
12 92 (0.63%) hybris
13 89 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
13 89 (0.61%) Tableau
14 78 (0.53%) Cloudera
15 73 (0.50%) Talend
16 66 (0.45%) Cisco
16 66 (0.45%) HP
17 65 (0.44%) Apple
17 65 (0.44%) Sun