Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 21 20
Rank change year-on-year +7 -1 +2
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 8,147 11,904 15,437
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.01% 9.68% 10.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.90% 10.52% 11.07%
Number of salaries quoted 8,157 10,319 12,863
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,465 113,147 139,400
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.56% 92.03% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 53,753 90,749 111,461
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,053 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.67% +1.05% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 7,305 £60,000 - 2,194
UK excluding London +1 4,379 £52,500 +5.00% 1,546
London +6 3,451 £75,000 - 825
Work from Home +5 1,797 £60,000 - 591
North of England +6 1,180 £52,500 +5.00% 382
South East 0 1,123 £55,000 +10.00% 368
South West -9 651 £51,500 +14.44% 209
North West +8 567 £55,000 +4.76% 198
Midlands +7 515 £50,000 +5.26% 202
Yorkshire +5 509 £52,500 +5.00% 141
Scotland 0 455 £50,000 +5.26% 112
West Midlands +5 292 £52,500 +10.53% 134
East of England +5 281 £57,500 +15.00% 209
East Midlands +12 222 £50,000 - 67
Northern Ireland +15 114 £45,000 - 33
North East -2 104 £52,500 +10.53% 43
Wales -12 63 £47,500 +5.56% 35
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,915 (48.05%) Agile Software Development
2 3,010 (36.95%) JavaScript
3 2,698 (33.12%) Java
4 2,557 (31.39%) Python
5 2,461 (30.21%) AWS
6 2,447 (30.04%) C#
7 2,046 (25.11%) .NET
8 1,910 (23.44%) Docker
9 1,854 (22.76%) SQL
10 1,850 (22.71%) Azure
11 1,808 (22.19%) DevOps
12 1,736 (21.31%) React
13 1,655 (20.31%) Finance
14 1,635 (20.07%) Microservices
15 1,463 (17.96%) Kubernetes
16 1,388 (17.04%) TDD
17 1,337 (16.41%) AngularJS
18 1,261 (15.48%) Degree
19 1,258 (15.44%) C++
20 1,196 (14.68%) Linux
21 1,146 (14.07%) Scrum
22 1,101 (13.51%) Node.js
23 1,076 (13.21%) Computer Science
24 1,012 (12.42%) .NET Core
25 992 (12.18%) HTML
26 932 (11.44%) Git (software)
27 899 (11.03%) CSS
28 890 (10.92%) GCP
29 828 (10.16%) Web Services
30 826 (10.14%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 297 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
2 199 (2.44%) Apache Spark
3 192 (2.36%) Confluence
4 171 (2.10%) Apache
5 75 (0.92%) nginx
6 56 (0.69%) CMS
7 51 (0.63%) SAS
8 39 (0.48%) JBoss
9 35 (0.43%) Tomcat
10 32 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 27 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
12 23 (0.28%) SharePoint
13 22 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
13 22 (0.27%) WebSphere
14 21 (0.26%) OpenStack
15 20 (0.25%) Apache ServiceMix
16 19 (0.23%) IIS
17 18 (0.22%) Umbraco
18 17 (0.21%) Apache Solr
18 17 (0.21%) Tornado
Applications
1 40 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.43%) Simulink
3 29 (0.36%) InVision
3 29 (0.36%) Sketch
4 21 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 12 (0.15%) AutoCAD
6 10 (0.12%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.12%) Stateflow
7 6 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 6 (0.074%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.074%) Zeplin
8 5 (0.061%) Adobe XD
9 4 (0.049%) Gliffy
10 3 (0.037%) Figma
11 2 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.012%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.012%) Quicktime
12 1 (0.012%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 41 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.20%) R3 Corda
4 13 (0.16%) Magento
5 11 (0.14%) Shopify
6 10 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
6 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
7 9 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
8 8 (0.098%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.061%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 5 (0.061%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.061%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.049%) Dynamics NAV
10 4 (0.049%) Maximo
10 4 (0.049%) SAP Business One
11 3 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.037%) Sentinel
12 1 (0.012%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 1 (0.012%) Elite 3E
12 1 (0.012%) MoSes
Cloud Services
1 2,461 (30.21%) AWS
2 1,850 (22.71%) Azure
3 890 (10.92%) GCP
4 617 (7.57%) Serverless
5 397 (4.87%) SaaS
6 327 (4.01%) AWS Lambda
7 196 (2.41%) GitHub
8 183 (2.25%) Amazon EC2
9 166 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
10 165 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 145 (1.78%) Amazon S3
12 136 (1.67%) PaaS
13 104 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
14 81 (0.99%) IaaS
15 66 (0.81%) Power Platform
16 57 (0.70%) npm
17 50 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
18 41 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
18 41 (0.50%) Apigee
19 40 (0.49%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 124 (1.52%) Internet
2 89 (1.09%) HTTP
3 78 (0.96%) TCP/IP
4 68 (0.83%) Wireless
5 54 (0.66%) Ethernet
6 47 (0.58%) Bluetooth
7 42 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
8 28 (0.34%) Wireshark
9 26 (0.32%) DNS
10 23 (0.28%) ZigBee
11 21 (0.26%) Firewall
12 20 (0.25%) RS-485
13 18 (0.22%) MQTT
13 18 (0.22%) Network Security
14 16 (0.20%) Software-Defined Radio
15 15 (0.18%) RS-232
16 14 (0.17%) VoIP
17 13 (0.16%) HTTPS
17 13 (0.16%) RTP
18 11 (0.14%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 745 (9.14%) SQL Server
2 718 (8.81%) NoSQL
3 503 (6.17%) PostgreSQL
4 459 (5.63%) Big Data
5 411 (5.04%) MySQL
6 389 (4.77%) Relational Database
7 309 (3.79%) MongoDB
8 230 (2.82%) Redis
9 200 (2.45%) Hadoop
10 164 (2.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 102 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
12 92 (1.13%) Apache Hive
13 90 (1.10%) RDBMS
14 78 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
15 73 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
16 63 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
17 61 (0.75%) Power BI
18 58 (0.71%) BigQuery
19 53 (0.65%) Blockchain
19 53 (0.65%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 932 (11.44%) Git (software)
2 534 (6.55%) Jenkins
3 379 (4.65%) JIRA
4 288 (3.54%) GitLab
5 197 (2.42%) Visual Studio
6 158 (1.94%) Subversion
7 149 (1.83%) Selenium
8 128 (1.57%) Maven
9 122 (1.50%) webpack
10 118 (1.45%) JUnit
11 99 (1.22%) Mercurial
12 91 (1.12%) Cypress.io
13 90 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 76 (0.93%) Eclipse
15 75 (0.92%) TeamCity
16 74 (0.91%) Bitbucket
17 63 (0.77%) CircleCI
17 63 (0.77%) Cucumber
18 62 (0.76%) Artifactory
19 53 (0.65%) Mocha
General
1 1,655 (20.31%) Finance
2 411 (5.04%) Front Office
3 290 (3.56%) Electronics
4 285 (3.50%) Marketing
5 275 (3.38%) Banking
6 264 (3.24%) Games
7 250 (3.07%) Public Sector
8 225 (2.76%) Retail
9 211 (2.59%) Manufacturing
10 185 (2.27%) Law
11 148 (1.82%) Telecoms
12 89 (1.09%) Legal
13 84 (1.03%) Aerospace
14 71 (0.87%) Automotive
15 66 (0.81%) Financial Institution
16 62 (0.76%) Investment Banking
17 59 (0.72%) Advertising
18 45 (0.55%) Publishing
19 40 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
20 39 (0.48%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,747 (45.99%) Software Engineer
2 2,937 (36.05%) Developer
3 898 (11.02%) Senior Software Engineer
4 615 (7.55%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 567 (6.96%) Senior Developer
6 560 (6.87%) Java Engineer
7 519 (6.37%) Software Developer
8 473 (5.81%) Java Developer
9 467 (5.73%) Java Software Engineer
10 453 (5.56%) C# Developer
11 389 (4.77%) .NET Developer
12 388 (4.76%) .NET Software Engineer
13 383 (4.70%) Python Engineer
14 381 (4.68%) React Developer
15 374 (4.59%) Python Developer
16 370 (4.54%) JavaScript Developer
17 356 (4.37%) C# Software Engineer
18 330 (4.05%) Python Software Engineer
19 302 (3.71%) AWS Engineer
20 294 (3.61%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,046 (25.11%) .NET
2 1,736 (21.31%) React
3 1,337 (16.41%) AngularJS
4 1,101 (13.51%) Node.js
5 1,012 (12.42%) .NET Core
6 992 (12.18%) HTML
7 899 (11.03%) CSS
8 828 (10.16%) Web Services
9 677 (8.31%) Vue.js
10 620 (7.61%) Kafka
11 612 (7.51%) REST
12 602 (7.39%) Spring
13 479 (5.88%) .NET Framework
14 466 (5.72%) RESTful
15 450 (5.52%) ASP.NET
16 391 (4.80%) HTML5
17 352 (4.32%) Spring Boot
18 288 (3.54%) React Native
19 248 (3.04%) CSS3
20 240 (2.95%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 570 (7.00%) Greenfield Project
2 515 (6.32%) Algorithms
3 394 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
4 358 (4.39%) Hedge funds
5 344 (4.22%) User Experience
6 330 (4.05%) Data Structures
7 303 (3.72%) Derivative
8 278 (3.41%) Fixed Income
9 269 (3.30%) Equities
10 251 (3.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 220 (2.70%) Mobile App
12 187 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
13 177 (2.17%) Cloud Native
14 154 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
15 142 (1.74%) Blog
16 128 (1.57%) Virtual Team
17 110 (1.35%) Embedded Systems
18 105 (1.29%) Management Information System
19 101 (1.24%) Public Cloud
20 78 (0.96%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,196 (14.68%) Linux
2 402 (4.93%) Windows
3 203 (2.49%) Android
4 178 (2.18%) Unix
5 168 (2.06%) Apple iOS
6 68 (0.83%) Embedded Linux
7 61 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 55 (0.68%) CentOS
9 30 (0.37%) Windows Server
10 15 (0.18%) Debian
11 11 (0.14%) VxWorks
12 9 (0.11%) Ubuntu
13 8 (0.098%) FreeRTOS
13 8 (0.098%) Robot Operating System
13 8 (0.098%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.074%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.061%) Windows Server 2016
16 4 (0.049%) Solaris
17 3 (0.037%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.037%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,915 (48.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1,808 (22.19%) DevOps
3 1,635 (20.07%) Microservices
4 1,388 (17.04%) TDD
5 1,146 (14.07%) Scrum
6 1,076 (13.21%) Computer Science
7 826 (10.14%) Test Automation
8 797 (9.78%) OO
9 763 (9.37%) Problem-Solving
10 699 (8.58%) Mentoring
11 684 (8.40%) Continuous Integration
12 681 (8.36%) Fintech
13 572 (7.02%) Analytics
14 541 (6.64%) Unit Testing
15 539 (6.62%) SDLC
16 490 (6.01%) Open Source
17 489 (6.00%) MVC
18 488 (5.99%) Machine Learning
19 483 (5.93%) BDD
20 469 (5.76%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,010 (36.95%) JavaScript
2 2,698 (33.12%) Java
3 2,557 (31.39%) Python
4 2,447 (30.04%) C#
5 1,854 (22.76%) SQL
6 1,258 (15.44%) C++
7 825 (10.13%) TypeScript
8 626 (7.68%) C
9 624 (7.66%) Go
10 333 (4.09%) Ruby
11 318 (3.90%) Kotlin
12 315 (3.87%) PHP
13 304 (3.73%) Scala
14 239 (2.93%) Java 8
15 129 (1.58%) Bash Shell
15 129 (1.58%) ES6
16 128 (1.57%) T-SQL
17 122 (1.50%) R
18 108 (1.33%) Embedded C
19 86 (1.06%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,261 (15.48%) Degree
2 465 (5.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 462 (5.67%) Security Cleared
4 362 (4.44%) SC Cleared
5 103 (1.26%) Numerate Degree
6 88 (1.08%) PhD
7 85 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 60 (0.74%) DV Cleared
9 39 (0.48%) HNC
9 39 (0.48%) HND
10 28 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
11 18 (0.22%) ISTQB
12 16 (0.20%) AWS Certification
13 12 (0.15%) OSCP
13 12 (0.15%) SANS
14 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (0.12%) ISEB
15 10 (0.12%) OSCE
16 8 (0.098%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.098%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 382 (4.69%) QA
2 38 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 34 (0.42%) GDPR
4 24 (0.29%) SLA
5 23 (0.28%) ISO 9001
6 22 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 19 (0.23%) MISRA
8 17 (0.21%) ISO 26262
9 14 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 13 (0.16%) NIST
10 13 (0.16%) WCAG
11 10 (0.12%) PMO
12 9 (0.11%) Def Stans
12 9 (0.11%) IEC 61508
12 9 (0.11%) MISRA C
13 7 (0.086%) ISO 13485
14 6 (0.074%) IEC 62304
15 4 (0.049%) ARP4754
16 3 (0.037%) JTAG
17 2 (0.025%) DO-254
System Software
1 1,910 (23.44%) Docker
2 56 (0.69%) Firmware
3 51 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (0.47%) HDFS
5 33 (0.41%) VirtualBox
6 22 (0.27%) Active Directory
7 20 (0.25%) KVM
8 17 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.086%) Kamailio
9 7 (0.086%) OpenSIPS
10 6 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.074%) vSphere
11 4 (0.049%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.037%) Postfix
12 3 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.025%) etcd
13 2 (0.025%) iptables
13 2 (0.025%) RACF
13 2 (0.025%) Xen
14 1 (0.012%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 1,463 (17.96%) Kubernetes
2 650 (7.98%) Terraform
3 347 (4.26%) Ansible
4 119 (1.46%) Puppet
5 81 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (0.58%) Prometheus
7 37 (0.45%) Grafana
8 33 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
9 28 (0.34%) Consul
10 24 (0.29%) Packer
11 21 (0.26%) Nagios
12 18 (0.22%) Istio
13 17 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
14 15 (0.18%) Kibana
15 13 (0.16%) CFEngine
15 13 (0.16%) Demisto
16 12 (0.15%) Rancher
17 10 (0.12%) linkerd
17 10 (0.12%) ZABBIX
18 9 (0.11%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 532 (6.53%) Microsoft
2 323 (3.96%) Google
3 315 (3.87%) Oracle
4 110 (1.35%) SAP
5 100 (1.23%) IBM
6 96 (1.18%) Atlassian
7 85 (1.04%) VMware
8 63 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
9 59 (0.72%) Xamarin
10 56 (0.69%) Talend
11 55 (0.68%) Red Hat
12 49 (0.60%) Twitter
13 44 (0.54%) Cloudera
14 41 (0.50%) MuleSoft
15 37 (0.45%) Facebook
16 35 (0.43%) Dell
16 35 (0.43%) Informatica
16 35 (0.43%) TIBCO
17 31 (0.38%) PagerDuty
17 31 (0.38%) Splunk