Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 22 24
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,908 15,453 13,151
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.38% 8.99% 7.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.28% 9.78% 8.34%
Number of salaries quoted 11,307 12,120 10,898
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +10.53% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £29,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -3.41%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,132 158,018 157,679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.01% 91.96% 91.71%
Number of salaries quoted 103,594 127,211 128,598
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 13,448 £55,000 +4.76% 1,990
UK excluding London +2 9,014 £47,500 - 1,610
London +7 5,525 £70,000 +7.69% 599
South East +4 2,941 £50,000 - 404
North of England +5 2,006 £47,500 +5.56% 279
South West +1 1,330 £45,000 -5.26% 227
North West +2 1,071 £50,000 +3.09% 153
Scotland +6 906 £45,000 -10.00% 137
Midlands +5 883 £46,308 +2.91% 176
Yorkshire +8 815 £45,000 - 91
East of England -6 702 £52,500 +0.96% 308
West Midlands +4 571 £47,500 +5.56% 103
East Midlands 0 313 £43,000 -9.47% 73
Wales +15 180 £42,500 +6.25% 60
North East 0 120 £44,000 -2.22% 35
Northern Ireland -11 69 £40,000 -11.11% 22
Isle of Man +1 5 £45,000 +11.11%

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,756 (52.03%) Agile Software Development
2 5,764 (38.66%) Java
3 5,008 (33.59%) C#
4 4,368 (29.30%) JavaScript
5 3,568 (23.93%) .NET
6 3,563 (23.90%) Python
7 3,396 (22.78%) C++
8 3,264 (21.89%) Degree
9 3,243 (21.75%) SQL
10 2,787 (18.69%) DevOps
11 2,758 (18.50%) Amazon AWS
12 2,702 (18.12%) Finance
13 2,457 (16.48%) Computer Science
14 2,435 (16.33%) TDD
15 2,407 (16.15%) Linux
16 2,261 (15.17%) Scrum
17 2,249 (15.09%) HTML
18 2,066 (13.86%) Microservices
19 2,045 (13.72%) AngularJS
20 2,024 (13.58%) CSS
21 1,968 (13.20%) Microsoft Azure
22 1,959 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
23 1,932 (12.96%) Docker
24 1,913 (12.83%) C
25 1,902 (12.76%) Git (software)
26 1,734 (11.63%) Test Automation
27 1,692 (11.35%) Microsoft
28 1,684 (11.30%) Problem-Solving
29 1,624 (10.89%) MVC
30 1,619 (10.86%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 494 (3.31%) Apache Spark
2 428 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
3 395 (2.65%) Apache
4 296 (1.99%) Confluence
5 235 (1.58%) CMS
6 164 (1.10%) Tomcat
7 154 (1.03%) Oracle Workflow
8 132 (0.89%) JBoss
9 104 (0.70%) SharePoint
10 99 (0.66%) IIS
11 94 (0.63%) WebSphere
12 88 (0.59%) SAS
13 79 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 70 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
15 68 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
16 60 (0.40%) nginx
17 56 (0.38%) WebLogic
18 48 (0.32%) Apache Solr
19 44 (0.30%) OpenStack
20 40 (0.27%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 91 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 73 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 66 (0.44%) Chatbot
4 31 (0.21%) Simulink
5 24 (0.16%) Sketch
6 22 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 16 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 15 (0.10%) Fireworks
8 15 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 14 (0.094%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 14 (0.094%) Photoshop
9 14 (0.094%) SPSS
10 10 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
10 10 (0.067%) EngageOne
10 10 (0.067%) Stateflow
11 9 (0.060%) Maple
11 9 (0.060%) MS Visio
11 9 (0.060%) SOLIDWORKS
11 9 (0.060%) TargetLink
12 7 (0.047%) InVision
Business Applications
1 88 (0.59%) Temenos T24
2 78 (0.52%) thinkFolio
3 76 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
4 44 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 42 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
6 34 (0.23%) Magento
7 30 (0.20%) Summit
8 24 (0.16%) Front Arena
8 24 (0.16%) Markit EDM
9 23 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
10 20 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
11 13 (0.087%) R3 Corda
12 12 (0.080%) Dynamics NAV
13 9 (0.060%) SimCorp Dimension
14 8 (0.054%) SAP CRM
14 8 (0.054%) SAP ERP
15 7 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
15 7 (0.047%) MultiChain
15 7 (0.047%) Quorum
16 5 (0.034%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,758 (18.50%) Amazon AWS
2 1,968 (13.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 872 (5.85%) Google Cloud Platform
4 595 (3.99%) SaaS
5 511 (3.43%) GitHub
6 400 (2.68%) Serverless
7 328 (2.20%) Cloud Computing
8 264 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
9 260 (1.74%) PaaS
10 235 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
11 195 (1.31%) Amazon S3
12 159 (1.07%) OpenShift
13 144 (0.97%) Office 365
14 128 (0.86%) npm
15 127 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
16 121 (0.81%) IaaS
16 121 (0.81%) Power Platform
17 111 (0.74%) Amazon ECS
18 108 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
19 90 (0.60%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 258 (1.73%) TCP/IP
2 235 (1.58%) Internet
3 199 (1.33%) HTTP
4 118 (0.79%) Firewall
5 102 (0.68%) Wireless
6 79 (0.53%) Network Security
6 79 (0.53%) RS-485
7 67 (0.45%) Broadband
8 64 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
9 63 (0.42%) DNS
10 59 (0.40%) Ethernet
11 56 (0.38%) Modbus
12 53 (0.36%) Bluetooth
13 48 (0.32%) VPN
14 44 (0.30%) RS-232
15 42 (0.28%) DHCP
16 41 (0.28%) VoIP
17 35 (0.23%) Skype
18 33 (0.22%) LAN
18 33 (0.22%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,532 (10.28%) SQL Server
2 994 (6.67%) Big Data
3 987 (6.62%) NoSQL
4 881 (5.91%) MySQL
5 625 (4.19%) Relational Database
6 595 (3.99%) Hadoop
7 590 (3.96%) MongoDB
8 587 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
9 322 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
10 256 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
11 254 (1.70%) Redis
12 200 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 198 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
14 180 (1.21%) Neo4j
15 171 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
16 158 (1.06%) RDBMS
17 157 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 155 (1.04%) Apache Hive
19 154 (1.03%) Blockchain
20 148 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,902 (12.76%) Git (software)
2 1,195 (8.02%) Jenkins
3 830 (5.57%) JIRA
4 597 (4.00%) Visual Studio
5 526 (3.53%) Maven
6 500 (3.35%) Selenium
7 324 (2.17%) Subversion
8 278 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 278 (1.86%) Cucumber
9 273 (1.83%) Bitbucket
10 267 (1.79%) JUnit
11 226 (1.52%) Eclipse
11 226 (1.52%) GitLab
12 222 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
13 214 (1.44%) webpack
14 174 (1.17%) gulp
15 172 (1.15%) Gradle
16 170 (1.14%) TeamCity
17 144 (0.97%) JMeter
18 143 (0.96%) WebDriver
General
1 2,702 (18.12%) Finance
2 1,083 (7.26%) Banking
3 853 (5.72%) Retail
4 543 (3.64%) Marketing
5 469 (3.15%) Games
6 468 (3.14%) Electronics
7 394 (2.64%) Telecoms
8 391 (2.62%) Front Office
9 285 (1.91%) Manufacturing
10 238 (1.60%) Law
11 200 (1.34%) Aerospace
12 183 (1.23%) Military
13 152 (1.02%) Advertising
14 146 (0.98%) Automotive
15 138 (0.93%) Legal
16 135 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
17 102 (0.68%) Publishing
18 77 (0.52%) Investment Banking
19 65 (0.44%) German Language
20 56 (0.38%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 5,913 (39.66%) Software Engineer
2 5,042 (33.82%) Developer
3 1,425 (9.56%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,294 (8.68%) Java Developer
5 1,174 (7.87%) C# Developer
6 1,157 (7.76%) Software Developer
7 1,047 (7.02%) Java Engineer
8 963 (6.46%) Senior Developer
9 954 (6.40%) .NET Developer
10 905 (6.07%) Java Software Engineer
11 765 (5.13%) C# Software Engineer
12 676 (4.53%) C++ Software Engineer
13 672 (4.51%) Architect
14 667 (4.47%) C# .NET Developer
15 587 (3.94%) Junior
16 582 (3.90%) Embedded Engineer
17 545 (3.66%) Embedded Software Engineer
18 530 (3.56%) .NET Software Engineer
19 502 (3.37%) Graduate
20 483 (3.24%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,568 (23.93%) .NET
2 2,249 (15.09%) HTML
3 2,045 (13.72%) AngularJS
4 2,024 (13.58%) CSS
5 1,601 (10.74%) React
6 1,584 (10.63%) ASP.NET
7 1,401 (9.40%) Node.js
8 1,384 (9.28%) Web Services
9 1,306 (8.76%) Spring
10 1,302 (8.73%) RESTful
11 839 (5.63%) REST
12 750 (5.03%) XML
13 740 (4.96%) HTML5
14 738 (4.95%) ASP.NET MVC
15 671 (4.50%) Kafka
16 646 (4.33%) jQuery
17 623 (4.18%) .NET Core
18 605 (4.06%) .NET Framework
19 527 (3.54%) Spring Boot
20 509 (3.41%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 1,020 (6.84%) Analytical Skills
2 989 (6.63%) Algorithms
3 977 (6.55%) Greenfield Project
4 844 (5.66%) User Experience
5 474 (3.18%) Mobile App
6 473 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
7 435 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
8 396 (2.66%) Derivative
9 373 (2.50%) Fixed Income
10 357 (2.39%) Hedge funds
11 319 (2.14%) Data Structures
12 303 (2.03%) Robotics
13 298 (2.00%) Management Information System
14 270 (1.81%) Equities
15 267 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 258 (1.73%) Embedded Systems
17 239 (1.60%) Virtual Team
18 234 (1.57%) Cloud Native
19 192 (1.29%) Public Cloud
20 145 (0.97%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 2,407 (16.15%) Linux
2 1,234 (8.28%) Windows
3 552 (3.70%) Android
4 483 (3.24%) Unix
5 328 (2.20%) Apple iOS
6 116 (0.78%) CentOS
7 114 (0.76%) Embedded Linux
8 112 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 110 (0.74%) Ubuntu
10 96 (0.64%) Windows Server
11 81 (0.54%) FreeRTOS
12 58 (0.39%) Mac OS X
13 56 (0.38%) Mac OS
14 39 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 35 (0.23%) Debian
16 25 (0.17%) Windows 7
17 23 (0.15%) Fedora
18 19 (0.13%) VxWorks
19 18 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
20 13 (0.087%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,756 (52.03%) Agile Software Development
2 2,787 (18.69%) DevOps
3 2,457 (16.48%) Computer Science
4 2,435 (16.33%) TDD
5 2,261 (15.17%) Scrum
6 2,066 (13.86%) Microservices
7 1,959 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
8 1,734 (11.63%) Test Automation
9 1,684 (11.30%) Problem-Solving
10 1,624 (10.89%) MVC
11 1,619 (10.86%) OO
12 1,489 (9.99%) Mentoring
13 1,328 (8.91%) SDLC
14 1,237 (8.30%) Mathematics
15 1,191 (7.99%) Machine Learning
16 1,126 (7.55%) Analytics
17 1,082 (7.26%) BDD
18 1,061 (7.12%) Unit Testing
19 1,013 (6.80%) Open Source
20 965 (6.47%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,764 (38.66%) Java
2 5,008 (33.59%) C#
3 4,368 (29.30%) JavaScript
4 3,563 (23.90%) Python
5 3,396 (22.78%) C++
6 3,243 (21.75%) SQL
7 1,913 (12.83%) C
8 747 (5.01%) PHP
9 687 (4.61%) Ruby
10 653 (4.38%) Scala
11 592 (3.97%) TypeScript
12 566 (3.80%) Java 8
13 500 (3.35%) Go
14 397 (2.66%) Bash Shell
15 315 (2.11%) R
16 287 (1.93%) ES6
17 283 (1.90%) T-SQL
18 280 (1.88%) PL/SQL
19 274 (1.84%) Kotlin
20 242 (1.62%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 3,264 (21.89%) Degree
2 919 (6.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 894 (6.00%) Security Cleared
4 566 (3.80%) SC Cleared
5 341 (2.29%) DV Cleared
6 296 (1.99%) PhD
7 212 (1.42%) Numerate Degree
8 121 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
9 117 (0.78%) CISSP
10 84 (0.56%) AWS Certification
11 82 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
12 73 (0.49%) HND
13 67 (0.45%) MCP
14 62 (0.42%) ISTQB
15 59 (0.40%) CISM
16 50 (0.34%) CCNA
17 49 (0.33%) ISEB
18 48 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
19 44 (0.30%) Master's Degree
19 44 (0.30%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,017 (6.82%) QA
2 118 (0.79%) GDPR
3 60 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 53 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 50 (0.34%) SLA
6 40 (0.27%) IEC 61508
7 33 (0.22%) DICOM
8 28 (0.19%) MiFID
9 24 (0.16%) ISO 9001
9 24 (0.16%) MISRA
10 23 (0.15%) DO-178B
10 23 (0.15%) NIST
11 22 (0.15%) PSD2
12 20 (0.13%) PCI DSS
13 18 (0.12%) JSP 440
14 17 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
14 17 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 16 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 15 (0.10%) MISRA C
17 14 (0.094%) JTAG
System Software
1 1,932 (12.96%) Docker
2 207 (1.39%) Firmware
3 103 (0.69%) Active Directory
4 81 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 59 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 56 (0.38%) Hyper-V
7 50 (0.34%) vSphere
8 49 (0.33%) VirtualBox
9 44 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
10 28 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 23 (0.15%) HDFS
11 23 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 17 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
13 13 (0.087%) Microsoft App-V
13 13 (0.087%) XenApp
13 13 (0.087%) XenDesktop
14 12 (0.080%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
15 10 (0.067%) GridGain
15 10 (0.067%) Squid
16 9 (0.060%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 1,193 (8.00%) Kubernetes
2 713 (4.78%) Ansible
3 666 (4.47%) Terraform
4 365 (2.45%) Puppet
5 346 (2.32%) Opscode Chef
6 95 (0.64%) Prometheus
7 67 (0.45%) Grafana
8 56 (0.38%) Rancher
9 55 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
10 50 (0.34%) Oozie
11 47 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
12 43 (0.29%) Nagios
13 41 (0.28%) HP ALM
14 37 (0.25%) SELinux
15 33 (0.22%) Kibana
16 32 (0.21%) Mesos
17 29 (0.19%) SCCM
18 28 (0.19%) Ambari
19 23 (0.15%) ZABBIX
20 22 (0.15%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 1,692 (11.35%) Microsoft
2 903 (6.06%) Oracle
3 815 (5.47%) Google
4 327 (2.19%) SAP
5 191 (1.28%) IBM
6 164 (1.10%) Tableau
7 151 (1.01%) Cloudera
8 146 (0.98%) VMware
9 143 (0.96%) Adobe
10 142 (0.95%) Atlassian
11 136 (0.91%) Sitecore
12 135 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
13 121 (0.81%) Xamarin
14 116 (0.78%) hybris
15 103 (0.69%) Splunk
16 102 (0.68%) Red Hat
17 94 (0.63%) Bloomberg
18 93 (0.62%) HP
19 92 (0.62%) Cisco
20 90 (0.60%) Reuters