Period
to 19 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 20 22
Rank change year-on-year +5 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 5,470 14,336 14,768
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.99% 10.14% 8.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.87% 11.00% 9.60%
Number of salaries quoted 5,111 11,483 12,193
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,084 130,295 153,852
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.55% 92.19% 91.88%
Number of salaries quoted 37,357 102,249 122,489
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,012 £60,000 +4.35% 1,417
UK excluding London -1 3,104 £50,000 - 998
London +3 2,260 £77,500 +6.90% 525
South East +1 895 £55,000 +10.00% 237
North of England +3 893 £52,500 +5.00% 261
Work from Home +3 651 £57,500 -4.17% 345
North West 0 405 £55,000 +10.00% 149
Yorkshire +15 386 £50,000 - 92
Midlands +11 380 £50,000 +5.26% 116
South West -9 350 £50,000 +8.70% 143
Scotland -2 264 £50,000 +4.17% 65
West Midlands +11 229 £50,000 - 61
East of England +2 204 £55,000 - 128
East Midlands +18 151 £47,500 +10.47% 55
North East +6 102 £45,000 - 20
Northern Ireland +7 76 £47,500 -20.83% 20
Wales -16 53 £45,000 +5.88% 28

For the 6 months to 19 September 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,507 (45.83%) Agile Software Development
2 2,071 (37.86%) JavaScript
3 1,906 (34.84%) Java
4 1,750 (31.99%) Python
5 1,630 (29.80%) C#
6 1,540 (28.15%) AWS
7 1,350 (24.68%) .NET
8 1,214 (22.19%) DevOps
9 1,181 (21.59%) Azure
10 1,127 (20.60%) Finance
11 1,112 (20.33%) SQL
12 1,100 (20.11%) Microservices
13 1,084 (19.82%) React
14 1,028 (18.79%) AngularJS
15 980 (17.92%) Docker
16 975 (17.82%) Degree
17 895 (16.36%) TDD
18 886 (16.20%) C++
19 809 (14.79%) Node.js
20 779 (14.24%) Computer Science
21 772 (14.11%) HTML
22 752 (13.75%) Web Services
23 740 (13.53%) Git (software)
24 725 (13.25%) Scrum
25 708 (12.94%) Kubernetes
26 702 (12.83%) Linux
27 695 (12.71%) CSS
28 597 (10.91%) Test Automation
29 529 (9.67%) SQL Server
29 529 (9.67%) .NET Core

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (2.91%) Confluence
2 121 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
3 115 (2.10%) Apache
4 83 (1.52%) Apache Spark
5 55 (1.01%) CMS
6 50 (0.91%) SAS
7 41 (0.75%) IIS
8 37 (0.68%) Tomcat
9 34 (0.62%) WebSphere
10 28 (0.51%) nginx
11 16 (0.29%) OpenStack
12 15 (0.27%) JBoss
13 14 (0.26%) NServiceBus
14 13 (0.24%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.20%) Headless CMS
16 10 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
17 9 (0.16%) WordPress
18 8 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 7 (0.13%) EPiServer
19 7 (0.13%) GlassFish
Applications
1 18 (0.33%) Chatbot
1 18 (0.33%) Simulink
2 14 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.16%) Sketch
5 8 (0.15%) Zeplin
6 7 (0.13%) TargetLink
7 6 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.091%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.055%) EPLAN
9 3 (0.055%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.055%) SOLIDWORKS
9 3 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.037%) InVision
10 2 (0.037%) Windchill
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 31 (0.57%) Distributed Ledger
2 26 (0.48%) R3 Corda
3 25 (0.46%) FINCAD Analytics
4 21 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.13%) Magento
5 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 7 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 5 (0.091%) BigMachines
8 4 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.055%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.037%) OpenCart
10 2 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.037%) Shopify
11 1 (0.018%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.018%) Maximo
11 1 (0.018%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,540 (28.15%) AWS
2 1,181 (21.59%) Azure
3 396 (7.24%) GCP
4 327 (5.98%) Serverless
5 241 (4.41%) AWS Lambda
6 240 (4.39%) SaaS
7 145 (2.65%) GitHub
8 126 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
9 112 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
10 109 (1.99%) Amazon ECS
11 103 (1.88%) Amazon S3
12 85 (1.55%) PaaS
13 83 (1.52%) Power Platform
14 61 (1.12%) OpenShift
15 60 (1.10%) npm
16 52 (0.95%) IaaS
17 49 (0.90%) AWS CloudFormation
18 33 (0.60%) Amazon EKS
19 29 (0.53%) Azure Functions
20 23 (0.42%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.39%) TCP/IP
2 51 (0.93%) HTTP
3 48 (0.88%) Internet
4 36 (0.66%) Skype
5 31 (0.57%) DNS
6 29 (0.53%) Network Security
7 28 (0.51%) Wireless
8 27 (0.49%) Ethernet
9 25 (0.46%) Firewall
10 24 (0.44%) RS-485
11 23 (0.42%) RS-232
12 19 (0.35%) Bluetooth
13 18 (0.33%) SSL
14 16 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
15 14 (0.26%) MQTT
16 13 (0.24%) Kerberos
17 12 (0.22%) H.323
18 11 (0.20%) FTP
18 11 (0.20%) Modbus
19 10 (0.18%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 529 (9.67%) SQL Server
2 477 (8.72%) NoSQL
3 304 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
4 286 (5.23%) MySQL
5 263 (4.81%) MongoDB
6 248 (4.53%) Big Data
7 185 (3.38%) Relational Database
8 160 (2.93%) Hadoop
9 155 (2.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 128 (2.34%) Redis
11 122 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
12 74 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
13 71 (1.30%) Power BI
14 68 (1.24%) Blockchain
15 63 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
16 61 (1.12%) Oracle Database
17 49 (0.90%) Apache Hive
18 43 (0.79%) Pentaho
19 40 (0.73%) Impala
19 40 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 740 (13.53%) Git (software)
2 374 (6.84%) Jenkins
3 314 (5.74%) JIRA
4 153 (2.80%) JUnit
5 129 (2.36%) Visual Studio
6 119 (2.18%) Subversion
7 115 (2.10%) GitLab
8 88 (1.61%) Maven
9 81 (1.48%) Selenium
10 72 (1.32%) webpack
11 65 (1.19%) Bitbucket
12 60 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 57 (1.04%) TeamCity
14 56 (1.02%) NUnit
15 55 (1.01%) Cucumber
16 53 (0.97%) Mercurial
17 49 (0.90%) Mockito
18 45 (0.82%) Artifactory
19 44 (0.80%) Mocha
20 40 (0.73%) Eclipse
General
1 1,127 (20.60%) Finance
2 421 (7.70%) Front Office
3 367 (6.71%) Banking
4 152 (2.78%) Electronics
5 151 (2.76%) Marketing
6 150 (2.74%) Investment Banking
7 139 (2.54%) Retail
8 117 (2.14%) Manufacturing
9 115 (2.10%) Public Sector
10 101 (1.85%) Telecoms
11 99 (1.81%) Games
12 92 (1.68%) Law
13 87 (1.59%) Automotive
14 54 (0.99%) Back Office
15 53 (0.97%) Aerospace
16 37 (0.68%) Advertising
17 29 (0.53%) Financial Institution
17 29 (0.53%) Publishing
18 27 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
19 23 (0.42%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,524 (46.14%) Software Engineer
2 1,879 (34.35%) Developer
3 592 (10.82%) Senior Software Engineer
4 410 (7.50%) Java Engineer
5 404 (7.39%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 401 (7.33%) Java Developer
7 349 (6.38%) Java Software Engineer
8 337 (6.16%) Python Engineer
9 321 (5.87%) Senior Developer
10 317 (5.80%) Software Developer
11 303 (5.54%) Python Developer
12 290 (5.30%) C# Software Engineer
13 280 (5.12%) AWS Engineer
14 279 (5.10%) Python Software Engineer
15 261 (4.77%) .NET Developer
16 252 (4.61%) C# Developer
17 237 (4.33%) .NET Software Engineer
18 221 (4.04%) Architect
19 206 (3.77%) AWS Software Engineer
20 205 (3.75%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,350 (24.68%) .NET
2 1,084 (19.82%) React
3 1,028 (18.79%) AngularJS
4 809 (14.79%) Node.js
5 772 (14.11%) HTML
6 752 (13.75%) Web Services
7 695 (12.71%) CSS
8 529 (9.67%) .NET Core
9 511 (9.34%) Vue.js
10 465 (8.50%) REST
11 398 (7.28%) ASP.NET
12 369 (6.75%) RESTful
13 348 (6.36%) Spring
14 294 (5.37%) .NET Framework
15 292 (5.34%) HTML5
16 243 (4.44%) Kafka
17 211 (3.86%) ASP.NET Web API
18 202 (3.69%) CSS3
19 199 (3.64%) Spring Boot
20 193 (3.53%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 422 (7.71%) Hedge funds
2 416 (7.61%) Greenfield Project
3 386 (7.06%) Algorithms
4 372 (6.80%) Derivative
5 346 (6.33%) Fixed Income
6 260 (4.75%) Analytical Skills
7 259 (4.73%) Equities
8 255 (4.66%) User Experience
9 249 (4.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 221 (4.04%) Data Structures
11 185 (3.38%) Mobile App
12 104 (1.90%) Management Information System
13 103 (1.88%) Cloud Native
14 88 (1.61%) Embedded Systems
15 84 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
16 79 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
17 77 (1.41%) Public Cloud
18 70 (1.28%) Virtual Team
19 60 (1.10%) Blog
20 45 (0.82%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 702 (12.83%) Linux
2 383 (7.00%) Windows
3 203 (3.71%) Android
4 187 (3.42%) Apple iOS
5 136 (2.49%) Unix
6 54 (0.99%) CentOS
7 51 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 42 (0.77%) Windows Server
9 37 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
10 20 (0.37%) VMS
11 19 (0.35%) VxWorks
12 18 (0.33%) Ubuntu
13 15 (0.27%) Mac OS X
14 11 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
15 7 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
17 5 (0.091%) Debian
17 5 (0.091%) FreeRTOS
17 5 (0.091%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.091%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,507 (45.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,214 (22.19%) DevOps
3 1,100 (20.11%) Microservices
4 895 (16.36%) TDD
5 779 (14.24%) Computer Science
6 725 (13.25%) Scrum
7 597 (10.91%) Test Automation
8 522 (9.54%) Continuous Integration
9 521 (9.52%) Fintech
10 517 (9.45%) OO
11 477 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
12 474 (8.67%) Mentoring
13 442 (8.08%) Asset Management
14 403 (7.37%) Open Source
15 391 (7.15%) Unit Testing
16 390 (7.13%) Mathematics
17 382 (6.98%) Artificial Intelligence
18 380 (6.95%) Machine Learning
19 379 (6.93%) MVC
20 363 (6.64%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,071 (37.86%) JavaScript
2 1,906 (34.84%) Java
3 1,750 (31.99%) Python
4 1,630 (29.80%) C#
5 1,112 (20.33%) SQL
6 886 (16.20%) C++
7 467 (8.54%) C
8 379 (6.93%) TypeScript
9 277 (5.06%) Go
10 243 (4.44%) Kotlin
10 243 (4.44%) PHP
11 213 (3.89%) Scala
12 174 (3.18%) Ruby
13 152 (2.78%) Java 8
14 108 (1.97%) R
15 102 (1.86%) PowerShell
16 99 (1.81%) T-SQL
17 98 (1.79%) Embedded C
18 78 (1.43%) Bash Shell
19 72 (1.32%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 975 (17.82%) Degree
2 382 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 198 (3.62%) Security Cleared
4 98 (1.79%) DV Cleared
5 96 (1.76%) SC Cleared
6 65 (1.19%) Master's Degree
7 62 (1.13%) PhD
8 49 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
9 38 (0.69%) AWS Certification
10 26 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
11 8 (0.15%) HND
11 8 (0.15%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
12 6 (0.11%) HNC
12 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.091%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.091%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.073%) BC Cleared
14 4 (0.073%) CCNA
15 3 (0.055%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 295 (5.39%) QA
2 29 (0.53%) GDPR
3 17 (0.31%) ISO 26262
4 16 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.26%) PMO
6 13 (0.24%) MISRA
7 12 (0.22%) Data Quality
8 11 (0.20%) NIST
9 10 (0.18%) MISRA C
10 9 (0.16%) NIST 800
11 8 (0.15%) IEC 61508
12 7 (0.13%) SLA
13 6 (0.11%) ISO 13485
13 6 (0.11%) ISO 9001
14 5 (0.091%) DO-178B
14 5 (0.091%) PCI DSS
15 4 (0.073%) IEC 62304
16 3 (0.055%) EMIR
16 3 (0.055%) MiFID
17 2 (0.037%) GAMP
System Software
1 980 (17.92%) Docker
2 66 (1.21%) Firmware
3 55 (1.01%) HDFS
4 38 (0.69%) Active Directory
5 25 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.22%) vSphere
8 9 (0.16%) KVM
8 9 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.11%) LXC
11 3 (0.055%) iptables
11 3 (0.055%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.055%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.037%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.037%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 2 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.018%) FreeRADIUS
13 1 (0.018%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 708 (12.94%) Kubernetes
2 234 (4.28%) Terraform
3 174 (3.18%) Ansible
4 66 (1.21%) Puppet
5 48 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (0.73%) Prometheus
7 37 (0.68%) Grafana
8 23 (0.42%) Graphite
9 22 (0.40%) Kibana
10 20 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 15 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (0.24%) Marathon
12 13 (0.24%) Mesos
13 11 (0.20%) Rancher
14 6 (0.11%) Nagios
15 5 (0.091%) Graylog
15 5 (0.091%) MIIS
15 5 (0.091%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 5 (0.091%) Packer
16 4 (0.073%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 400 (7.31%) Microsoft
2 269 (4.92%) Oracle
3 268 (4.90%) Google
4 59 (1.08%) VMware
5 52 (0.95%) Informatica
6 48 (0.88%) Cloudera
7 44 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
8 42 (0.77%) SAP
9 40 (0.73%) Red Hat
9 40 (0.73%) Talend
10 39 (0.71%) Atlassian
11 36 (0.66%) IBM
12 35 (0.64%) Bloomberg
13 32 (0.59%) Xamarin
14 23 (0.42%) Apple
14 23 (0.42%) Facebook
15 19 (0.35%) Autodesk
15 19 (0.35%) MuleSoft
16 17 (0.31%) Splunk
17 14 (0.26%) NVIDIA