Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 10 15 19
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4 0
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 28,028 11,085 9,398
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.06% 12.02% 10.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.95% 12.87% 10.96%
Number of salaries quoted 9,648 7,758 7,644
10th Percentile £42,000 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £69,397 £60,000 £59,000
Median % change year-on-year +15.66% +1.69% +7.27%
75th Percentile £91,250 £82,500 £77,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £102,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% +5.26%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,116 86,136 85,734
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.04% 93.41% 92.89%
Number of salaries quoted 81,833 64,007 68,913
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £44,750 £41,250 £40,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.25% +2.11% +5.56%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 22,696 £70,000 +12.00% 2,251
London +5 13,956 £85,000 +9.68% 988
Work from Home +5 13,133 £67,500 +9.76% 1,190
UK excluding London +4 9,574 £57,500 +9.52% 1,427
South East +9 2,802 £57,500 +4.55% 328
North of England +2 2,250 £55,000 +0.64% 330
South West +3 1,334 £60,000 +14.29% 187
North West +2 1,238 £57,500 +4.55% 193
East of England +5 1,082 £60,000 +9.09% 219
Midlands +6 1,008 £60,000 +20.00% 189
Yorkshire +6 881 £55,000 +4.76% 100
Scotland +1 850 £60,000 +20.00% 114
West Midlands +6 636 £62,500 +13.64% 105
East Midlands +3 369 £52,500 +5.00% 84
Wales +17 228 £50,000 +11.11% 38
North East -7 132 £52,500 -4.55% 37
Northern Ireland -9 96 £52,500 +23.53% 23
Isle of Man +17 1 £45,000 -5.26%

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 14,208 (50.69%) Agile
2 10,197 (36.38%) AWS
3 9,749 (34.78%) JavaScript
4 9,635 (34.38%) Python
5 9,144 (32.62%) Java
6 8,621 (30.76%) React
7 6,965 (24.85%) Docker
8 6,894 (24.60%) Finance
9 6,684 (23.85%) CI/CD
10 6,377 (22.75%) Microservices
11 6,197 (22.11%) DevOps
12 6,162 (21.99%) Kubernetes
13 5,996 (21.39%) Social Skills
14 5,931 (21.16%) SQL
15 5,803 (20.70%) Azure
16 5,670 (20.23%) C#
17 5,315 (18.96%) TypeScript
18 5,220 (18.62%) TDD
19 5,198 (18.55%) Degree
20 5,155 (18.39%) Node.js
21 4,928 (17.58%) .NET
22 4,795 (17.11%) Full Stack Development
23 4,648 (16.58%) Mentoring
24 4,640 (16.55%) Git (software)
25 4,416 (15.76%) Problem-Solving
26 4,383 (15.64%) Test Automation
27 4,273 (15.25%) Computer Science
28 4,013 (14.32%) GCP
29 3,890 (13.88%) Scrum
30 3,807 (13.58%) Linux

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 933 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
2 758 (2.70%) Confluence
3 614 (2.19%) Apache
4 605 (2.16%) Apache Spark
5 381 (1.36%) CMS
6 310 (1.11%) Apache Airflow
7 222 (0.79%) Umbraco
8 136 (0.49%) GeoServer
9 109 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
10 102 (0.36%) Jupyter
11 98 (0.35%) SharePoint
12 96 (0.34%) Ethereum
12 96 (0.34%) Headless CMS
12 96 (0.34%) Tornado
13 86 (0.31%) Tomcat
14 78 (0.28%) nginx
14 78 (0.28%) OpenStack
15 75 (0.27%) WordPress
16 73 (0.26%) Luigi
17 62 (0.22%) JBoss
Applications
1 129 (0.46%) Sketch
2 124 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 121 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 73 (0.26%) Simulink
5 44 (0.16%) Chatbot
6 42 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 35 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 29 (0.10%) Adobe XD
8 29 (0.10%) Photoshop
9 23 (0.082%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 23 (0.082%) InVision
10 22 (0.078%) Stateflow
11 21 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
12 20 (0.071%) Zeplin
13 17 (0.061%) CATIA
14 14 (0.050%) TargetLink
15 13 (0.046%) Maya
16 11 (0.039%) SOLIDWORKS
17 10 (0.036%) AutoCAD
17 10 (0.036%) Revit
Business Applications
1 126 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
2 117 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
3 86 (0.31%) R3 Corda
4 59 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 58 (0.21%) Shopify
6 47 (0.17%) Magento
6 47 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
7 38 (0.14%) SAP Business ByDesign
8 33 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
9 18 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 17 (0.061%) Oracle Payables
11 11 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
11 11 (0.039%) Teamcenter
12 10 (0.036%) Summit
13 8 (0.029%) SAP S/4HANA
14 7 (0.025%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 7 (0.025%) Sentinel
15 6 (0.021%) ENOVIA
15 6 (0.021%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
16 5 (0.018%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 10,197 (36.38%) AWS
2 5,803 (20.70%) Azure
3 4,013 (14.32%) GCP
4 3,217 (11.48%) Serverless
5 2,218 (7.91%) GitHub
6 2,079 (7.42%) SaaS
7 1,580 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
8 1,075 (3.84%) Amazon S3
9 918 (3.28%) Cloud Computing
10 750 (2.68%) Amazon SQS
11 726 (2.59%) Amazon EC2
12 656 (2.34%) AWS CloudFormation
13 613 (2.19%) Amazon ECS
14 454 (1.62%) GitHub Actions
15 418 (1.49%) PaaS
16 412 (1.47%) Amazon EKS
17 409 (1.46%) Heroku
18 345 (1.23%) Slack
19 316 (1.13%) OpenShift
20 305 (1.09%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 1,095 (3.91%) HTTP
2 561 (2.00%) TCP/IP
3 505 (1.80%) Internet
4 269 (0.96%) Broadband
5 193 (0.69%) PPP
6 138 (0.49%) DNS
7 129 (0.46%) SSL
8 117 (0.42%) Wireless
9 79 (0.28%) Firewall
10 73 (0.26%) NFC
11 72 (0.26%) Modbus
12 67 (0.24%) MQTT
13 63 (0.22%) Bluetooth
14 57 (0.20%) VoIP
15 53 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
15 53 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
16 50 (0.18%) Network Security
17 49 (0.17%) Wireshark
18 44 (0.16%) DHCP
19 42 (0.15%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,308 (11.80%) PostgreSQL
2 2,383 (8.50%) NoSQL
3 2,021 (7.21%) MySQL
4 1,775 (6.33%) Relational Database
5 1,402 (5.00%) MongoDB
6 1,263 (4.51%) SQL Server
7 1,197 (4.27%) Redis
8 1,176 (4.20%) Big Data
9 825 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 573 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
11 431 (1.54%) Amazon Aurora
12 424 (1.51%) Hadoop
13 421 (1.50%) Data Warehouse
14 366 (1.31%) BigQuery
15 305 (1.09%) RDBMS
16 283 (1.01%) Amazon Redshift
17 275 (0.98%) Data Lake
18 233 (0.83%) Power BI
19 232 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
20 207 (0.74%) GIS
Development Applications
1 4,640 (16.55%) Git (software)
2 2,406 (8.58%) Jenkins
3 1,615 (5.76%) JIRA
4 905 (3.23%) GitLab
5 734 (2.62%) Cypress.io
6 651 (2.32%) CircleCI
7 618 (2.20%) webpack
8 567 (2.02%) JUnit
9 562 (2.01%) Selenium
10 506 (1.81%) Maven
11 428 (1.53%) Cucumber
12 420 (1.50%) TeamCity
13 409 (1.46%) Bitbucket
14 398 (1.42%) Gradle
15 293 (1.05%) Octopus Deploy
16 281 (1.00%) SonarQube
17 279 (1.00%) Subversion
18 273 (0.97%) Postman
19 254 (0.91%) Mocha
20 246 (0.88%) Storybook
General
1 6,894 (24.60%) Finance
2 5,996 (21.39%) Social Skills
3 2,371 (8.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 2,061 (7.35%) Banking
5 2,028 (7.24%) Analytical Skills
6 1,678 (5.99%) Games
7 1,454 (5.19%) Retail
8 1,394 (4.97%) Marketing
9 1,018 (3.63%) Public Sector
10 823 (2.94%) Electronics
11 754 (2.69%) Legal
12 709 (2.53%) Front Office
13 689 (2.46%) Law
14 576 (2.06%) Automotive
15 464 (1.66%) Manufacturing
16 417 (1.49%) Financial Institution
17 400 (1.43%) Telecoms
18 370 (1.32%) Advertising
19 357 (1.27%) Publishing
20 302 (1.08%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 14,871 (53.06%) Software Engineer
2 6,088 (21.72%) Developer
3 4,841 (17.27%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,566 (5.59%) Senior Developer
5 1,339 (4.78%) Java Engineer
6 1,112 (3.97%) Java Software Engineer
7 1,071 (3.82%) Java Developer
8 976 (3.48%) Lead Software Engineer
9 948 (3.38%) Software Developer
10 892 (3.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 864 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
12 742 (2.65%) Embedded Engineer
13 737 (2.63%) Architect
14 714 (2.55%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 682 (2.43%) Principal Engineer
16 675 (2.41%) Python Engineer
17 621 (2.22%) DevOps Engineer
18 612 (2.18%) .NET Developer
19 608 (2.17%) Python Developer
20 580 (2.07%) Engineering Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,621 (30.76%) React
2 5,155 (18.39%) Node.js
3 4,928 (17.58%) .NET
4 3,689 (13.16%) CSS
5 3,443 (12.28%) HTML
6 3,286 (11.72%) AngularJS
7 2,650 (9.45%) REST
8 2,467 (8.80%) RESTful
9 2,451 (8.74%) Spring
10 2,223 (7.93%) Kafka
11 1,964 (7.01%) Vue.js
12 1,923 (6.86%) .NET Core
13 1,880 (6.71%) GraphQL
14 1,662 (5.93%) Spring Boot
15 1,327 (4.73%) Web Services
16 1,222 (4.36%) HTML5
17 1,179 (4.21%) Redux
18 1,082 (3.86%) ASP.NET
19 1,072 (3.82%) Ruby on Rails
20 1,041 (3.71%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 2,882 (10.28%) User Experience
2 2,332 (8.32%) Algorithms
3 1,484 (5.29%) Data Structures
4 1,469 (5.24%) Mobile App
5 1,294 (4.62%) Cloud Native
6 1,212 (4.32%) Self-Motivation
7 1,147 (4.09%) Greenfield Project
8 872 (3.11%) Virtual Team
9 714 (2.55%) Equities
10 710 (2.53%) Hedge funds
11 611 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
12 600 (2.14%) Blockchain
13 585 (2.09%) Derivative
14 549 (1.96%) Blog
15 535 (1.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 519 (1.85%) Fixed Income
17 499 (1.78%) IoT
18 411 (1.47%) Cyberattack
19 351 (1.25%) Legacy Code
20 337 (1.20%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 3,807 (13.58%) Linux
2 1,187 (4.24%) Android
3 1,047 (3.74%) Windows
4 967 (3.45%) Apple iOS
5 644 (2.30%) Unix
6 309 (1.10%) Ubuntu
7 180 (0.64%) Embedded Linux
8 82 (0.29%) CentOS
8 82 (0.29%) VMS
9 74 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 67 (0.24%) Mesosphere
11 63 (0.22%) Windows Server
12 52 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 40 (0.14%) Debian
14 36 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
15 24 (0.086%) Robot Operating System
16 20 (0.071%) tvOS
17 17 (0.061%) Alpine Linux
17 17 (0.061%) Mac OS X
17 17 (0.061%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 14,208 (50.69%) Agile
2 6,684 (23.85%) CI/CD
3 6,377 (22.75%) Microservices
4 6,197 (22.11%) DevOps
5 5,220 (18.62%) TDD
6 4,795 (17.11%) Full Stack Development
7 4,648 (16.58%) Mentoring
8 4,416 (15.76%) Problem-Solving
9 4,383 (15.64%) Test Automation
10 4,273 (15.25%) Computer Science
11 3,890 (13.88%) Scrum
12 3,276 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
13 2,805 (10.01%) Machine Learning
14 2,772 (9.89%) Analytics
15 2,628 (9.38%) Data Science
16 2,560 (9.13%) Coaching
17 2,496 (8.91%) Artificial Intelligence
18 2,286 (8.16%) Fintech
19 2,264 (8.08%) Unit Testing
20 2,260 (8.06%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 9,749 (34.78%) JavaScript
2 9,635 (34.38%) Python
3 9,144 (32.62%) Java
4 5,931 (21.16%) SQL
5 5,670 (20.23%) C#
6 5,315 (18.96%) TypeScript
7 3,672 (13.10%) C++
8 2,318 (8.27%) Go
9 2,264 (8.08%) C
10 1,779 (6.35%) Ruby
11 1,478 (5.27%) Kotlin
12 1,345 (4.80%) PHP
13 1,179 (4.21%) Scala
14 690 (2.46%) ES6
15 578 (2.06%) Rust
16 517 (1.84%) Bash
17 413 (1.47%) Apple Swift
18 408 (1.46%) T-SQL
19 401 (1.43%) Objective-C
20 343 (1.22%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 5,198 (18.55%) Degree
2 2,187 (7.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,178 (4.20%) Security Cleared
4 704 (2.51%) SC Cleared
5 503 (1.79%) Master's Degree
6 273 (0.97%) PhD
7 253 (0.90%) PMI Certification
8 145 (0.52%) DV Cleared
9 110 (0.39%) AWS Certification
10 96 (0.34%) ISTQB
11 88 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
12 78 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
13 64 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
14 60 (0.21%) DBS Check
15 59 (0.21%) Six Sigma Black Belt
16 54 (0.19%) HND
17 44 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 37 (0.13%) ISEB
19 35 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
20 32 (0.11%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,445 (8.72%) QA
2 687 (2.45%) Accessibility
3 196 (0.70%) Data Quality
4 149 (0.53%) GDPR
5 114 (0.41%) MISRA
6 99 (0.35%) SLA
7 95 (0.34%) ISO 26262
8 68 (0.24%) IEC 61508
9 60 (0.21%) WCAG
10 59 (0.21%) IEC 62304
11 57 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 55 (0.20%) HIPAA
13 54 (0.19%) PCI DSS
14 48 (0.17%) Def Stans
15 46 (0.16%) AUTOSAR
16 45 (0.16%) ISO 13485
16 45 (0.16%) ISO 9001
17 39 (0.14%) SOC 2
18 30 (0.11%) MISRA C
19 29 (0.10%) NIST
System Software
1 6,965 (24.85%) Docker
2 353 (1.26%) Firmware
3 143 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
4 99 (0.35%) Active Directory
5 95 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 84 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
7 58 (0.21%) ISA Server
8 45 (0.16%) LXC
9 38 (0.14%) Hyper-V
10 28 (0.100%) HDFS
11 19 (0.068%) KVM
12 14 (0.050%) NFS
13 7 (0.025%) Apache Flume
13 7 (0.025%) VirtualBox
14 6 (0.021%) Virtual Servers
15 4 (0.014%) Postfix
16 3 (0.011%) Lustre
16 3 (0.011%) vSphere
17 2 (0.007%) vCloud
17 2 (0.007%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 6,162 (21.99%) Kubernetes
2 3,071 (10.96%) Terraform
3 863 (3.08%) Ansible
4 433 (1.54%) Grafana
5 384 (1.37%) Prometheus
6 290 (1.03%) Puppet
7 267 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
8 195 (0.70%) Kibana
9 115 (0.41%) Istio
10 100 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
11 85 (0.30%) Consul
12 67 (0.24%) Automic
13 61 (0.22%) logstash
14 58 (0.21%) Kubeflow
15 46 (0.16%) Argo
16 44 (0.16%) Cisco IPCC
17 36 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
18 35 (0.12%) HP Fortify
18 35 (0.12%) Rancher
19 33 (0.12%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,892 (6.75%) Google
2 1,794 (6.40%) Microsoft
3 783 (2.79%) Oracle
4 396 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
5 314 (1.12%) Twitter
6 242 (0.86%) LexisNexis
7 232 (0.83%) IBM
7 232 (0.83%) New Relic
8 200 (0.71%) Atlassian
9 197 (0.70%) Apple
10 174 (0.62%) Databricks
11 161 (0.57%) SAP
12 158 (0.56%) Samsung
13 153 (0.55%) Adobe
14 146 (0.52%) Splunk
15 132 (0.47%) Facebook
16 122 (0.44%) Spotify
17 111 (0.40%) VMware
18 110 (0.39%) Sun
19 88 (0.31%) TrueLayer