Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 23 26
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,825 14,929 13,119
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.31% 8.38% 7.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.16% 9.12% 7.82%
Number of salaries quoted 11,794 11,950 11,552
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +4.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,738
% change year-on-year +5.56% +0.59% +5.26%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,913 163,729 167,823
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.60% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 115,334 130,166 139,244
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,651
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 13,596 £55,000 +10.00% 2,684
UK excluding London +2 8,990 £47,500 +5.56% 2,088
London +6 5,581 £67,500 +8.00% 850
South East +5 2,882 £50,000 +6.38% 559
North of England +6 1,884 £45,500 -4.21% 388
South West +3 1,241 £45,000 - 295
Midlands +16 1,006 £45,000 +5.88% 239
East of England -10 982 £50,000 - 355
North West +2 927 £50,000 +5.26% 208
Yorkshire +7 781 £45,000 -10.00% 147
Scotland +3 650 £47,500 +11.76% 152
West Midlands +21 565 £45,000 +5.88% 131
East Midlands +9 443 £45,000 +12.50% 108
Wales +3 231 £42,500 +6.25% 77
North East +40 187 £47,500 +18.75% 33
Northern Ireland +6 135 £50,000 +25.00% 24

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,234 (48.80%) Agile Software Development
2 6,074 (40.97%) Java
3 4,918 (33.17%) C#
4 4,380 (29.54%) JavaScript
5 3,512 (23.69%) SQL
6 3,485 (23.51%) .NET
7 3,363 (22.68%) Degree
8 3,240 (21.85%) C++
9 3,214 (21.68%) Python
10 2,689 (18.14%) HTML
11 2,678 (18.06%) TDD
12 2,632 (17.75%) Finance
13 2,582 (17.42%) Computer Science
14 2,521 (17.01%) Linux
15 2,486 (16.77%) Amazon AWS
16 2,338 (15.77%) CSS
17 2,298 (15.50%) AngularJS
18 2,289 (15.44%) Scrum
19 2,269 (15.31%) DevOps
20 2,206 (14.88%) Microservices
21 1,979 (13.35%) Continuous Integration
22 1,917 (12.93%) OO
23 1,859 (12.54%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,831 (12.35%) Test Automation
24 1,831 (12.35%) Microsoft
25 1,820 (12.28%) C
26 1,772 (11.95%) MVC
27 1,707 (11.51%) ASP.NET
28 1,682 (11.35%) Git (software)
29 1,609 (10.85%) Docker

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 492 (3.32%) Apache
2 477 (3.22%) Apache Spark
3 464 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
4 293 (1.98%) CMS
5 221 (1.49%) Confluence
6 174 (1.17%) Tomcat
7 142 (0.96%) JBoss
8 110 (0.74%) IIS
9 103 (0.69%) SharePoint
10 94 (0.63%) Ethereum
11 91 (0.61%) nginx
12 89 (0.60%) Apache Solr
13 76 (0.51%) Sitecore CMS
14 70 (0.47%) EPiServer
15 69 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 66 (0.45%) WebSphere
17 62 (0.42%) WordPress
18 60 (0.40%) OpenStack
19 53 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 50 (0.34%) WebLogic
Applications
1 94 (0.63%) Chatbot
2 83 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 64 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
4 26 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 22 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 19 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 18 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 18 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 18 (0.12%) Simulink
8 17 (0.11%) SPSS
9 14 (0.094%) Snapchat
10 9 (0.061%) Maya
11 7 (0.047%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.034%) Stateflow
13 4 (0.027%) InVision
13 4 (0.027%) SOLIDWORKS
14 3 (0.020%) Doxygen
14 3 (0.020%) Spreadsheet
15 2 (0.013%) Maple
15 2 (0.013%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 75 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 72 (0.49%) thinkFolio
3 66 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
4 54 (0.36%) Temenos T24
5 39 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
6 34 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
7 30 (0.20%) Eloqua
8 28 (0.19%) Ripple
9 25 (0.17%) Magento
10 23 (0.16%) Actimize
11 17 (0.11%) Odoo
11 17 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
12 15 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
13 14 (0.094%) Dynamics AX
13 14 (0.094%) Eagle PACE
14 12 (0.081%) Front Arena
15 11 (0.074%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 9 (0.061%) Bloomberg AIM
16 9 (0.061%) SAP ERP
17 7 (0.047%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 2,486 (16.77%) Amazon AWS
2 1,859 (12.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 612 (4.13%) Google Cloud Platform
4 456 (3.08%) SaaS
5 378 (2.55%) GitHub
6 308 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
7 224 (1.51%) Serverless
8 203 (1.37%) PaaS
9 165 (1.11%) npm
10 109 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
11 106 (0.72%) OpenShift
12 98 (0.66%) Amazon S3
13 96 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
14 83 (0.56%) Office 365
14 83 (0.56%) Slack
15 80 (0.54%) AWS CloudFormation
16 79 (0.53%) IaaS
17 44 (0.30%) IBM Cloud
18 31 (0.21%) Trello
19 30 (0.20%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 311 (2.10%) HTTP
2 265 (1.79%) TCP/IP
3 234 (1.58%) Internet
4 148 (1.00%) Firewall
5 117 (0.79%) Wireless
6 107 (0.72%) RS-485
7 83 (0.56%) SSL
8 77 (0.52%) Network Security
9 75 (0.51%) RS-232
10 66 (0.45%) Bluetooth
11 61 (0.41%) Modbus
12 59 (0.40%) Ethernet
13 56 (0.38%) WAN
14 55 (0.37%) LAN
15 53 (0.36%) DNS
16 46 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
17 41 (0.28%) VPN
18 38 (0.26%) Intranet
19 34 (0.23%) AMQP
20 31 (0.21%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,588 (10.71%) SQL Server
2 1,142 (7.70%) NoSQL
3 1,079 (7.28%) Big Data
4 926 (6.25%) MySQL
5 700 (4.72%) MongoDB
6 662 (4.47%) Relational Database
7 590 (3.98%) PostgreSQL
8 560 (3.78%) Hadoop
9 412 (2.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 250 (1.69%) RDBMS
11 247 (1.67%) Redis
12 221 (1.49%) Blockchain
13 208 (1.40%) Apache Hive
14 196 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 168 (1.13%) Data Warehouse
16 157 (1.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 130 (0.88%) HBase
18 128 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
19 120 (0.81%) Neo4j
20 110 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,682 (11.35%) Git (software)
2 1,150 (7.76%) Jenkins
3 750 (5.06%) Visual Studio
4 653 (4.40%) JIRA
5 629 (4.24%) Selenium
6 508 (3.43%) Maven
7 408 (2.75%) Subversion
8 363 (2.45%) JUnit
9 334 (2.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 331 (2.23%) TeamCity
11 294 (1.98%) Team Foundation Server
12 276 (1.86%) Cucumber
13 239 (1.61%) gulp
14 229 (1.54%) webpack
15 216 (1.46%) Bitbucket
16 205 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
17 198 (1.34%) Gradle
18 173 (1.17%) Eclipse
19 157 (1.06%) NUnit
20 139 (0.94%) Ant
General
1 2,632 (17.75%) Finance
2 754 (5.09%) Banking
3 659 (4.45%) Games
4 627 (4.23%) Retail
5 584 (3.94%) Marketing
6 491 (3.31%) Electronics
7 421 (2.84%) Manufacturing
8 412 (2.78%) Telecoms
9 281 (1.90%) Automotive
10 257 (1.73%) Front Office
11 229 (1.54%) Law
12 172 (1.16%) Advertising
13 152 (1.03%) Aerospace
14 147 (0.99%) Military
15 131 (0.88%) Publishing
16 128 (0.86%) Investment Banking
17 105 (0.71%) Financial Institution
18 75 (0.51%) Back Office
19 60 (0.40%) Legal
20 50 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,113 (41.23%) Software Engineer
2 5,390 (36.36%) Developer
3 1,713 (11.55%) Java Developer
4 1,507 (10.17%) Senior Software Engineer
5 1,213 (8.18%) C# Developer
6 1,180 (7.96%) Java Engineer
7 1,166 (7.87%) Senior Developer
8 1,052 (7.10%) Software Developer
9 1,043 (7.04%) Java Software Engineer
10 973 (6.56%) .NET Developer
11 832 (5.61%) C# Software Engineer
12 683 (4.61%) Graduate
13 668 (4.51%) C++ Software Engineer
14 660 (4.45%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 654 (4.41%) C# .NET Developer
16 617 (4.16%) Architect
17 547 (3.69%) Embedded Engineer
18 527 (3.55%) .NET Software Engineer
19 517 (3.49%) Junior
20 505 (3.41%) Embedded Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,485 (23.51%) .NET
2 2,689 (18.14%) HTML
3 2,338 (15.77%) CSS
4 2,298 (15.50%) AngularJS
5 1,707 (11.51%) ASP.NET
6 1,501 (10.12%) Spring
7 1,492 (10.06%) Web Services
8 1,453 (9.80%) React
9 1,340 (9.04%) RESTful
10 1,301 (8.78%) Node.js
11 1,048 (7.07%) HTML5
12 945 (6.37%) REST
13 919 (6.20%) jQuery
14 888 (5.99%) ASP.NET MVC
15 618 (4.17%) .NET Framework
16 590 (3.98%) XML
17 559 (3.77%) CSS3
18 549 (3.70%) Kafka
19 544 (3.67%) ASP.NET Web API
20 502 (3.39%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,131 (7.63%) Greenfield Project
2 876 (5.91%) Algorithms
3 870 (5.87%) User Experience
4 865 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
5 860 (5.80%) Fintech
6 544 (3.67%) Enterprise Software
7 434 (2.93%) Mobile App
8 422 (2.85%) Data Structures
9 366 (2.47%) Self-Motivation
10 306 (2.06%) Embedded Systems
11 285 (1.92%) Management Information System
12 248 (1.67%) Hedge funds
13 244 (1.65%) Equities
14 227 (1.53%) Derivative
14 227 (1.53%) Fixed Income
15 215 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 196 (1.32%) Robotics
17 172 (1.16%) Public Cloud
18 158 (1.07%) Cloud Native
19 156 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,521 (17.01%) Linux
2 1,165 (7.86%) Windows
3 597 (4.03%) Android
4 464 (3.13%) Unix
5 397 (2.68%) Apple iOS
6 170 (1.15%) Embedded Linux
7 125 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 110 (0.74%) Ubuntu
9 108 (0.73%) CentOS
10 72 (0.49%) FreeRTOS
11 66 (0.45%) Mac OS X
12 64 (0.43%) Windows Server
13 47 (0.32%) Windows 10
14 42 (0.28%) Windows 7
15 33 (0.22%) Debian
16 31 (0.21%) Mac OS
17 27 (0.18%) CoreOS
18 23 (0.16%) Robot Operating System
19 18 (0.12%) Solaris
19 18 (0.12%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,234 (48.80%) Agile Software Development
2 2,678 (18.06%) TDD
3 2,582 (17.42%) Computer Science
4 2,289 (15.44%) Scrum
5 2,269 (15.31%) DevOps
6 2,206 (14.88%) Microservices
7 1,979 (13.35%) Continuous Integration
8 1,917 (12.93%) OO
9 1,831 (12.35%) Test Automation
10 1,772 (11.95%) MVC
11 1,595 (10.76%) Problem-Solving
12 1,387 (9.36%) SDLC
13 1,377 (9.29%) Mentoring
14 1,159 (7.82%) Mathematics
15 1,136 (7.66%) BDD
16 1,106 (7.46%) Open Source
17 1,042 (7.03%) Machine Learning
18 1,001 (6.75%) Continuous Delivery
19 984 (6.64%) Web Development
20 980 (6.61%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 6,074 (40.97%) Java
2 4,918 (33.17%) C#
3 4,380 (29.54%) JavaScript
4 3,512 (23.69%) SQL
5 3,240 (21.85%) C++
6 3,214 (21.68%) Python
7 1,820 (12.28%) C
8 807 (5.44%) Java 8
9 741 (5.00%) PHP
10 587 (3.96%) Ruby
11 567 (3.82%) Scala
12 494 (3.33%) Go
13 477 (3.22%) TypeScript
14 359 (2.42%) Bash Shell
15 352 (2.37%) T-SQL
16 277 (1.87%) Embedded C
17 252 (1.70%) PowerShell
18 242 (1.63%) PL/SQL
19 229 (1.54%) ES6
20 216 (1.46%) R
Qualifications
1 3,363 (22.68%) Degree
2 1,046 (7.06%) Computer Science Degree
3 625 (4.22%) Security Cleared
4 378 (2.55%) PhD
5 319 (2.15%) SC Cleared
6 244 (1.65%) DV Cleared
7 150 (1.01%) Master's Degree
8 149 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
9 130 (0.88%) CISSP
10 114 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
11 84 (0.57%) MPhil
12 72 (0.49%) CompTIA Security+
13 65 (0.44%) MCSE
14 62 (0.42%) SAFe Agilist
15 61 (0.41%) GIAC
16 57 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
17 55 (0.37%) HND
17 55 (0.37%) SANS
17 55 (0.37%) SSCP
18 51 (0.34%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,013 (6.83%) QA
2 125 (0.84%) GDPR
3 48 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 33 (0.22%) Data Quality
4 33 (0.22%) MISRA
5 27 (0.18%) SLA
6 22 (0.15%) ISO 9001
7 20 (0.13%) DICOM
8 19 (0.13%) JTAG
9 18 (0.12%) MISRA C
10 17 (0.11%) ISO 13485
10 17 (0.11%) MiFID
11 16 (0.11%) DO-178B
11 16 (0.11%) ISO 26262
11 16 (0.11%) PSD2
12 15 (0.10%) PCI DSS
12 15 (0.10%) PMO
13 13 (0.088%) GPG13
13 13 (0.088%) IEC 61508
14 9 (0.061%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,609 (10.85%) Docker
2 250 (1.69%) Firmware
3 94 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 73 (0.49%) Active Directory
5 54 (0.36%) vSphere
6 48 (0.32%) HDFS
7 47 (0.32%) VirtualBox
8 32 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
9 25 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
10 22 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 18 (0.12%) Varnish
11 18 (0.12%) VMware NSX
12 17 (0.11%) Hyper-V
13 16 (0.11%) etcd
14 15 (0.10%) NFS
14 15 (0.10%) Samba
15 11 (0.074%) iptables
16 10 (0.067%) Xen
17 7 (0.047%) Oracle RAC
18 5 (0.034%) Snort
Systems Management
1 821 (5.54%) Kubernetes
2 536 (3.62%) Ansible
3 441 (2.97%) Terraform
4 394 (2.66%) Puppet
5 285 (1.92%) Opscode Chef
6 81 (0.55%) Prometheus
7 75 (0.51%) Salt
8 57 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
9 55 (0.37%) Packer
10 52 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
11 45 (0.30%) Mesos
11 45 (0.30%) Oozie
12 44 (0.30%) Grafana
13 42 (0.28%) Nagios
14 38 (0.26%) Kibana
15 32 (0.22%) HP ALM
16 30 (0.20%) HAProxy
17 27 (0.18%) vCenter Server
18 26 (0.18%) Consul
19 23 (0.16%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,831 (12.35%) Microsoft
2 747 (5.04%) Oracle
3 697 (4.70%) Google
4 286 (1.93%) SAP
5 162 (1.09%) VMware
6 149 (1.01%) Xamarin
7 137 (0.92%) Red Hat
8 136 (0.92%) Sitecore
9 130 (0.88%) IBM
10 124 (0.84%) Atlassian
11 111 (0.75%) Tableau
12 108 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
13 106 (0.72%) Adobe
14 98 (0.66%) hybris
15 80 (0.54%) Charles River
16 77 (0.52%) HP
17 74 (0.50%) WorldPay
18 73 (0.49%) Cloudera
19 57 (0.38%) Cisco
19 57 (0.38%) Talend