Period
to 15 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
15 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 19 18
Rank change year-on-year +5 -1 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 9,496 11,172 15,832
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.35% 9.94% 10.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 12.28% 10.78% 11.52%
Number of salaries quoted 7,294 9,121 12,150
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,351 103,606 137,416
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.48% 92.16% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 59,501 83,213 109,234
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 15 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 8,487 £61,000 +1.67% 2,177
UK excluding London +1 4,944 £52,500 +5.00% 1,505
London +6 4,105 £75,000 - 857
Work from Home +4 2,156 £60,000 - 536
North of England +6 1,271 £54,653 +9.31% 359
South East -1 1,261 £55,000 +10.00% 306
South West -5 821 £51,750 +8.95% 211
North West +6 627 £55,000 +4.76% 209
Midlands -1 533 £50,000 - 219
Yorkshire +2 530 £52,500 +5.00% 120
Scotland +3 503 £50,000 - 118
East of England +9 355 £55,000 +10.00% 223
West Midlands -1 311 £55,000 +15.79% 152
East Midlands -3 220 £50,000 - 66
Northern Ireland +9 136 £42,500 -5.56% 26
North East +1 114 £55,000 +15.79% 30
Wales -9 66 £45,000 - 45
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 15 April 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 4,571 (48.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3,482 (36.67%) JavaScript
3 3,116 (32.81%) Java
4 3,015 (31.75%) AWS
5 2,912 (30.67%) Python
6 2,738 (28.83%) C#
7 2,306 (24.28%) Docker
8 2,286 (24.07%) .NET
9 2,138 (22.51%) DevOps
10 2,102 (22.14%) Azure
11 2,076 (21.86%) React
12 2,034 (21.42%) SQL
13 1,948 (20.51%) Finance
13 1,948 (20.51%) Microservices
14 1,827 (19.24%) Kubernetes
15 1,541 (16.23%) TDD
16 1,497 (15.76%) AngularJS
17 1,466 (15.44%) C++
18 1,453 (15.30%) Degree
19 1,393 (14.67%) Node.js
20 1,359 (14.31%) Linux
21 1,271 (13.38%) Scrum
22 1,217 (12.82%) Computer Science
23 1,174 (12.36%) HTML
24 1,162 (12.24%) GCP
25 1,132 (11.92%) Git (software)
26 1,124 (11.84%) CSS
27 1,117 (11.76%) TypeScript
28 1,097 (11.55%) .NET Core
29 969 (10.20%) Web Services

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 327 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
2 283 (2.98%) Apache Spark
3 256 (2.70%) Confluence
4 221 (2.33%) Apache
5 81 (0.85%) nginx
6 70 (0.74%) CMS
7 59 (0.62%) Tomcat
8 43 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 42 (0.44%) SAS
10 40 (0.42%) JBoss
11 33 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
12 30 (0.32%) SharePoint
13 23 (0.24%) Jupyter
13 23 (0.24%) Umbraco
14 22 (0.23%) OpenStack
15 20 (0.21%) Red Hat Fuse
16 19 (0.20%) Headless CMS
16 19 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
16 19 (0.20%) WebSphere
17 18 (0.19%) IIS
Applications
1 49 (0.52%) Simulink
2 37 (0.39%) Sketch
3 35 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 32 (0.34%) InVision
5 29 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
6 16 (0.17%) Stateflow
7 11 (0.12%) AutoCAD
8 10 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 9 (0.095%) Zeplin
10 8 (0.084%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 6 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
11 6 (0.063%) Chatbot
11 6 (0.063%) Figma
11 6 (0.063%) GIMP
11 6 (0.063%) Photoshop
12 5 (0.053%) Adobe XD
12 5 (0.053%) MS Visio
12 5 (0.053%) UXPin
13 4 (0.042%) Gliffy
13 4 (0.042%) Inkscape
Business Applications
1 29 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 22 (0.23%) Shopify
4 20 (0.21%) Magento
5 16 (0.17%) R3 Corda
6 14 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
7 10 (0.11%) Eagle PACE
7 10 (0.11%) Markit EDM
7 10 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 8 (0.084%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 5 (0.053%) Sentinel
11 4 (0.042%) Dynamics NAV
11 4 (0.042%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 2 (0.021%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
12 2 (0.021%) Maximo
12 2 (0.021%) SAP Business One
13 1 (0.011%) Infor M3
13 1 (0.011%) MoSes
13 1 (0.011%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 3,015 (31.75%) AWS
2 2,102 (22.14%) Azure
3 1,162 (12.24%) GCP
4 777 (8.18%) Serverless
5 530 (5.58%) SaaS
6 385 (4.05%) AWS Lambda
7 297 (3.13%) GitHub
8 229 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
9 191 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
9 191 (2.01%) PaaS
10 183 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
11 155 (1.63%) Amazon S3
12 141 (1.48%) Amazon ECS
13 99 (1.04%) npm
14 96 (1.01%) IaaS
15 89 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
16 65 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
17 60 (0.63%) Power Platform
18 53 (0.56%) AWS Step Functions
18 53 (0.56%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 192 (2.02%) Internet
2 135 (1.42%) HTTP
3 103 (1.08%) TCP/IP
4 83 (0.87%) Wireless
5 60 (0.63%) Ethernet
6 57 (0.60%) Bluetooth
7 53 (0.56%) Wi-Fi
8 40 (0.42%) Wireshark
9 31 (0.33%) ZigBee
10 30 (0.32%) Firewall
11 26 (0.27%) Modbus
11 26 (0.27%) MQTT
12 22 (0.23%) DNS
12 22 (0.23%) RS-485
13 18 (0.19%) Broadband
14 17 (0.18%) Network Security
14 17 (0.18%) RS-422
15 16 (0.17%) HTTPS
15 16 (0.17%) RTP
16 14 (0.15%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 857 (9.02%) NoSQL
2 829 (8.73%) SQL Server
3 633 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
4 586 (6.17%) Big Data
5 556 (5.86%) MySQL
6 519 (5.47%) Relational Database
7 376 (3.96%) MongoDB
8 271 (2.85%) Redis
9 245 (2.58%) Hadoop
10 198 (2.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 140 (1.47%) Amazon RDS
12 126 (1.33%) RDBMS
13 123 (1.30%) Amazon Redshift
14 103 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
15 86 (0.91%) Neo4j
16 82 (0.86%) Apache Hive
17 78 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
18 66 (0.70%) Amazon Aurora
19 61 (0.64%) Azure SQL Database
20 57 (0.60%) GIS
Development Applications
1 1,132 (11.92%) Git (software)
2 683 (7.19%) Jenkins
3 477 (5.02%) JIRA
4 333 (3.51%) GitLab
5 199 (2.10%) Visual Studio
6 192 (2.02%) Cypress.io
7 191 (2.01%) Selenium
8 180 (1.90%) Subversion
9 175 (1.84%) Maven
10 169 (1.78%) webpack
11 152 (1.60%) JUnit
12 146 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 108 (1.14%) Cucumber
14 102 (1.07%) TeamCity
15 100 (1.05%) Mercurial
16 90 (0.95%) Bitbucket
17 87 (0.92%) Eclipse
18 84 (0.88%) CircleCI
19 83 (0.87%) Gradle
20 81 (0.85%) Mocha
General
1 1,948 (20.51%) Finance
2 396 (4.17%) Front Office
3 380 (4.00%) Banking
4 364 (3.83%) Marketing
5 355 (3.74%) Games
6 347 (3.65%) Electronics
7 313 (3.30%) Retail
8 294 (3.10%) Public Sector
9 241 (2.54%) Manufacturing
10 231 (2.43%) Law
11 172 (1.81%) Telecoms
12 148 (1.56%) Legal
13 85 (0.90%) Financial Institution
14 84 (0.88%) Aerospace
14 84 (0.88%) Automotive
15 73 (0.77%) Publishing
16 64 (0.67%) Advertising
17 60 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
18 43 (0.45%) Back Office
19 40 (0.42%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,265 (44.91%) Software Engineer
2 3,324 (35.00%) Developer
3 1,092 (11.50%) Senior Software Engineer
4 663 (6.98%) Senior Developer
5 641 (6.75%) Java Engineer
6 603 (6.35%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 566 (5.96%) Software Developer
8 549 (5.78%) Java Software Engineer
9 504 (5.31%) Java Developer
10 479 (5.04%) React Developer
11 473 (4.98%) C# Developer
12 457 (4.81%) .NET Developer
13 395 (4.16%) .NET Software Engineer
14 355 (3.74%) JavaScript Developer
15 350 (3.69%) Python Developer
16 343 (3.61%) Python Engineer
17 339 (3.57%) C# Software Engineer
18 338 (3.56%) AWS Engineer
19 329 (3.46%) DevOps Engineer
20 323 (3.40%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,286 (24.07%) .NET
2 2,076 (21.86%) React
3 1,497 (15.76%) AngularJS
4 1,393 (14.67%) Node.js
5 1,174 (12.36%) HTML
6 1,124 (11.84%) CSS
7 1,097 (11.55%) .NET Core
8 969 (10.20%) Web Services
9 782 (8.24%) REST
10 745 (7.85%) Vue.js
11 727 (7.66%) Spring
12 665 (7.00%) Kafka
13 618 (6.51%) RESTful
14 556 (5.86%) .NET Framework
15 486 (5.12%) ASP.NET
16 461 (4.85%) HTML5
17 417 (4.39%) Spring Boot
18 379 (3.99%) React Native
19 342 (3.60%) GraphQL
20 314 (3.31%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 632 (6.66%) Greenfield Project
2 544 (5.73%) Algorithms
3 469 (4.94%) User Experience
4 411 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
5 360 (3.79%) Hedge funds
6 328 (3.45%) Data Structures
7 269 (2.83%) Mobile App
8 262 (2.76%) Derivative
9 247 (2.60%) Equities
10 234 (2.46%) Fixed Income
11 225 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
12 219 (2.31%) Cloud Native
13 203 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 196 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
15 178 (1.87%) Virtual Team
16 161 (1.70%) Blog
17 127 (1.34%) Embedded Systems
18 124 (1.31%) Management Information System
19 114 (1.20%) Public Cloud
20 83 (0.87%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,359 (14.31%) Linux
2 432 (4.55%) Windows
3 274 (2.89%) Android
4 218 (2.30%) Unix
5 216 (2.27%) Apple iOS
6 118 (1.24%) Embedded Linux
7 81 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 74 (0.78%) CentOS
9 35 (0.37%) Windows Server
10 15 (0.16%) Debian
11 12 (0.13%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.095%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 8 (0.084%) FreeRTOS
13 8 (0.084%) Robot Operating System
13 8 (0.084%) VxWorks
14 6 (0.063%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.042%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.042%) VMS
16 2 (0.021%) Fedora
16 2 (0.021%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,571 (48.14%) Agile Software Development
2 2,138 (22.51%) DevOps
3 1,948 (20.51%) Microservices
4 1,541 (16.23%) TDD
5 1,271 (13.38%) Scrum
6 1,217 (12.82%) Computer Science
7 949 (9.99%) Mentoring
7 949 (9.99%) Test Automation
8 940 (9.90%) OO
9 939 (9.89%) Problem-Solving
10 839 (8.84%) Fintech
11 826 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
12 730 (7.69%) Analytics
13 635 (6.69%) Artificial Intelligence
14 622 (6.55%) SDLC
15 615 (6.48%) Unit Testing
16 606 (6.38%) Machine Learning
17 604 (6.36%) Software Testing
18 599 (6.31%) Open Source
19 561 (5.91%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 3,482 (36.67%) JavaScript
2 3,116 (32.81%) Java
3 2,912 (30.67%) Python
4 2,738 (28.83%) C#
5 2,034 (21.42%) SQL
6 1,466 (15.44%) C++
7 1,117 (11.76%) TypeScript
8 719 (7.57%) C
9 708 (7.46%) Go
10 454 (4.78%) Ruby
11 400 (4.21%) Scala
12 368 (3.88%) PHP
13 337 (3.55%) Kotlin
14 255 (2.69%) Java 8
15 197 (2.07%) ES6
16 158 (1.66%) Bash Shell
17 141 (1.48%) T-SQL
18 120 (1.26%) R
19 107 (1.13%) Embedded C
20 93 (0.98%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,453 (15.30%) Degree
2 551 (5.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 543 (5.72%) Security Cleared
4 427 (4.50%) SC Cleared
5 117 (1.23%) Master's Degree
6 108 (1.14%) PhD
7 105 (1.11%) Numerate Degree
8 66 (0.70%) DV Cleared
9 55 (0.58%) HND
10 46 (0.48%) HNC
11 24 (0.25%) AWS Certification
12 19 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
12 19 (0.20%) ISTQB
12 19 (0.20%) SANS
13 18 (0.19%) DBS Check
14 15 (0.16%) RHCE
14 15 (0.16%) RHCSA
15 12 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
16 11 (0.12%) OCP
16 11 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 435 (4.58%) QA
2 49 (0.52%) GDPR
3 38 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 27 (0.28%) WCAG
5 24 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 23 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 22 (0.23%) SLA
8 20 (0.21%) ISO 9001
9 18 (0.19%) MISRA
10 16 (0.17%) ISO 26262
11 12 (0.13%) NIST
12 11 (0.12%) SOC 2
13 9 (0.095%) Def Stans
13 9 (0.095%) IEC 61508
13 9 (0.095%) MISRA C
13 9 (0.095%) SOC 1
14 8 (0.084%) IEC 61131
14 8 (0.084%) JTAG
15 7 (0.074%) IEC 62304
15 7 (0.074%) PMO
System Software
1 2,306 (24.28%) Docker
2 89 (0.94%) Firmware
3 70 (0.74%) VirtualBox
4 65 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.32%) HDFS
6 25 (0.26%) KVM
7 21 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.17%) Active Directory
9 8 (0.084%) Apache Flume
9 8 (0.084%) Kamailio
9 8 (0.084%) OpenSIPS
10 7 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.074%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.053%) vSphere
11 5 (0.053%) Xen
12 4 (0.042%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.032%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.032%) OpenDJ
13 3 (0.032%) Postfix
13 3 (0.032%) RACF
Systems Management
1 1,827 (19.24%) Kubernetes
2 825 (8.69%) Terraform
3 435 (4.58%) Ansible
4 131 (1.38%) Puppet
5 99 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
6 86 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
7 64 (0.67%) Prometheus
8 56 (0.59%) Grafana
9 45 (0.47%) Consul
10 44 (0.46%) Packer
11 27 (0.28%) Nagios
12 19 (0.20%) CFEngine
12 19 (0.20%) Demisto
12 19 (0.20%) Istio
13 16 (0.17%) Graphite
13 16 (0.17%) Kibana
14 15 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
15 11 (0.12%) Rancher
16 9 (0.095%) HP Fortify
16 9 (0.095%) linkerd
Vendors
1 611 (6.43%) Microsoft
2 453 (4.77%) Google
3 393 (4.14%) Oracle
4 147 (1.55%) IBM
5 117 (1.23%) SAP
6 96 (1.01%) VMware
7 79 (0.83%) Red Hat
7 79 (0.83%) Twitter
8 77 (0.81%) Atlassian
9 73 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
10 72 (0.76%) Talend
11 70 (0.74%) Cloudera
12 60 (0.63%) Xamarin
13 54 (0.57%) Informatica
14 53 (0.56%) Sybase
15 49 (0.52%) Hortonworks
16 47 (0.49%) Splunk
17 42 (0.44%) Adobe
17 42 (0.44%) MuleSoft
17 42 (0.44%) PagerDuty