Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 21 22
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 12,484 14,945 14,934
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.93% 9.84% 8.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.79% 10.68% 9.28%
Number of salaries quoted 9,822 11,726 12,058
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,925 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.64% +5.85% -
10th Percentile £34,731 £32,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £88,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.85%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 115,658 139,904 160,974
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.97% 92.15% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 91,616 110,302 129,818
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,485 £29,769 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 11,402 £60,000 +9.09% 2,750
UK excluding London 0 7,152 £50,000 +5.26% 2,005
London +6 5,076 £75,000 +11.11% 966
South East 0 2,467 £50,000 - 510
North of England -1 1,409 £50,000 +7.82% 419
South West +3 1,160 £45,000 - 292
North West -1 722 £51,500 +3.00% 213
Midlands -12 674 £47,500 +5.56% 250
Scotland +2 614 £47,500 +0.53% 146
East of England -4 568 £52,500 +5.00% 313
Yorkshire -5 521 £50,000 +11.11% 151
West Midlands -7 424 £50,000 +11.11% 158
East Midlands -13 246 £47,500 - 92
Wales -7 188 £42,178 +5.45% 57
North East +4 166 £47,500 -0.09% 55
Northern Ireland -1 79 £56,250 +18.42% 18
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 6,218 (49.81%) Agile Software Development
2 4,682 (37.50%) Java
3 4,073 (32.63%) JavaScript
4 3,921 (31.41%) C#
5 3,364 (26.95%) Python
6 3,149 (25.22%) AWS
7 2,930 (23.47%) .NET
8 2,702 (21.64%) C++
9 2,558 (20.49%) Finance
10 2,510 (20.11%) SQL
11 2,321 (18.59%) Degree
12 2,195 (17.58%) DevOps
13 2,100 (16.82%) Microservices
14 2,032 (16.28%) Azure
15 1,947 (15.60%) Scrum
16 1,894 (15.17%) Linux
17 1,880 (15.06%) Computer Science
18 1,876 (15.03%) Docker
19 1,824 (14.61%) HTML
20 1,821 (14.59%) TDD
21 1,811 (14.51%) AngularJS
22 1,763 (14.12%) Git (software)
23 1,721 (13.79%) React
24 1,615 (12.94%) CSS
25 1,558 (12.48%) Web Services
26 1,533 (12.28%) Problem-Solving
27 1,465 (11.74%) Node.js
28 1,455 (11.65%) Continuous Integration
29 1,453 (11.64%) Test Automation
30 1,450 (11.61%) C

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (2.67%) Apache Spark
2 246 (1.97%) Elasticsearch
3 209 (1.67%) Confluence
4 151 (1.21%) CMS
5 139 (1.11%) Apache
6 122 (0.98%) Tomcat
7 115 (0.92%) IIS
8 85 (0.68%) JBoss
9 64 (0.51%) WebSphere
9 64 (0.51%) WordPress
10 62 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 52 (0.42%) SharePoint
12 44 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
13 43 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
13 43 (0.34%) SAS
14 42 (0.34%) OpenStack
15 36 (0.29%) Drupal
16 32 (0.26%) Headless CMS
17 27 (0.22%) Apache Airflow
17 27 (0.22%) WebLogic
Applications
1 60 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
1 60 (0.48%) MS Visio
2 37 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (0.29%) Simulink
4 34 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 28 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 18 (0.14%) Sketch
7 13 (0.10%) InVision
8 10 (0.080%) Chatbot
9 9 (0.072%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 8 (0.064%) Photoshop
11 7 (0.056%) Zeplin
12 6 (0.048%) Adobe XD
12 6 (0.048%) NUKE
12 6 (0.048%) Stateflow
13 4 (0.032%) AutoCAD
13 4 (0.032%) InfoPath
14 3 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
14 3 (0.024%) Maya
14 3 (0.024%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 114 (0.91%) FINCAD Analytics
2 39 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
3 32 (0.26%) R3 Corda
4 29 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 23 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 16 (0.13%) Magento
6 16 (0.13%) Markit EDM
6 16 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 16 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
7 15 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 14 (0.11%) Front Arena
8 14 (0.11%) thinkFolio
9 6 (0.048%) Dynamics GP
9 6 (0.048%) NetSuite
9 6 (0.048%) PolarLake
10 5 (0.040%) Dynamics AX
10 5 (0.040%) Raiser's Edge
10 5 (0.040%) Sage 200
10 5 (0.040%) Sage 50
11 4 (0.032%) Odoo
Cloud Services
1 3,149 (25.22%) AWS
2 2,032 (16.28%) Azure
3 847 (6.78%) GCP
4 552 (4.42%) Serverless
5 462 (3.70%) SaaS
6 363 (2.91%) AWS Lambda
7 347 (2.78%) Amazon S3
8 311 (2.49%) GitHub
9 297 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
10 280 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
11 193 (1.55%) OpenShift
12 192 (1.54%) Amazon ECS
13 157 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
14 138 (1.11%) PaaS
15 127 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
16 83 (0.66%) IaaS
17 69 (0.55%) Power Platform
18 61 (0.49%) AWS Fargate
19 48 (0.38%) npm
20 46 (0.37%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 183 (1.47%) Internet
2 165 (1.32%) TCP/IP
3 148 (1.19%) HTTP
4 115 (0.92%) Firewall
4 115 (0.92%) Wireless
5 71 (0.57%) Bluetooth
6 63 (0.50%) DNS
7 62 (0.50%) RS-232
8 55 (0.44%) Network Security
9 52 (0.42%) RS-485
10 45 (0.36%) VPN
11 43 (0.34%) Wireshark
12 33 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
13 32 (0.26%) Ethernet
13 32 (0.26%) HTTPS
13 32 (0.26%) VoIP
14 23 (0.18%) NFC
14 23 (0.18%) SSL
15 19 (0.15%) LTE
15 19 (0.15%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,304 (10.45%) SQL Server
2 793 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
3 791 (6.34%) NoSQL
4 777 (6.22%) MySQL
5 719 (5.76%) Big Data
6 642 (5.14%) Relational Database
7 530 (4.25%) MongoDB
8 328 (2.63%) Hadoop
9 325 (2.60%) Amazon RDS
10 286 (2.29%) Redis
11 238 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 232 (1.86%) Amazon Athena
13 231 (1.85%) RDBMS
14 186 (1.49%) Amazon Redshift
15 169 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
16 132 (1.06%) Blockchain
17 122 (0.98%) Data Warehouse
18 106 (0.85%) Neo4j
19 102 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 91 (0.73%) GIS
Development Applications
1 1,763 (14.12%) Git (software)
2 981 (7.86%) Jenkins
3 694 (5.56%) JIRA
4 436 (3.49%) Visual Studio
5 315 (2.52%) Selenium
6 256 (2.05%) Subversion
7 247 (1.98%) Maven
8 202 (1.62%) JUnit
9 201 (1.61%) GitLab
10 199 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 187 (1.50%) Bitbucket
12 180 (1.44%) TeamCity
13 159 (1.27%) Eclipse
13 159 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
14 157 (1.26%) Cucumber
15 136 (1.09%) Artifactory
16 131 (1.05%) webpack
17 130 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
18 120 (0.96%) RStudio
19 91 (0.73%) Gradle
General
1 2,558 (20.49%) Finance
2 918 (7.35%) Banking
3 697 (5.58%) Front Office
4 577 (4.62%) Retail
5 404 (3.24%) Electronics
6 317 (2.54%) Games
7 286 (2.29%) Marketing
8 278 (2.23%) Public Sector
9 237 (1.90%) Automotive
9 237 (1.90%) Telecoms
10 226 (1.81%) Aerospace
11 212 (1.70%) Manufacturing
12 158 (1.27%) Law
13 157 (1.26%) Military
14 143 (1.15%) Advertising
15 129 (1.03%) Investment Banking
16 79 (0.63%) Legal
17 49 (0.39%) Financial Institution
18 38 (0.30%) Back Office
19 35 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 5,791 (46.39%) Software Engineer
2 4,061 (32.53%) Developer
3 1,582 (12.67%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,093 (8.76%) Java Developer
5 1,040 (8.33%) Java Engineer
6 971 (7.78%) Java Software Engineer
7 910 (7.29%) Software Developer
8 826 (6.62%) Senior Developer
9 624 (5.00%) .NET Developer
10 623 (4.99%) C# Developer
11 600 (4.81%) C# Software Engineer
12 595 (4.77%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 520 (4.17%) C++ Software Engineer
14 507 (4.06%) .NET Software Engineer
15 499 (4.00%) Embedded Engineer
16 459 (3.68%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 448 (3.59%) Python Engineer
18 411 (3.29%) Junior
19 405 (3.24%) Python Developer
20 365 (2.92%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,930 (23.47%) .NET
2 1,824 (14.61%) HTML
3 1,811 (14.51%) AngularJS
4 1,721 (13.79%) React
5 1,615 (12.94%) CSS
6 1,558 (12.48%) Web Services
7 1,465 (11.74%) Node.js
8 1,107 (8.87%) Spring
9 1,090 (8.73%) ASP.NET
10 956 (7.66%) REST
11 914 (7.32%) RESTful
12 757 (6.06%) .NET Core
13 650 (5.21%) J2EE
14 645 (5.17%) .NET Framework
15 635 (5.09%) HTML5
16 528 (4.23%) jQuery
17 526 (4.21%) Spring Boot
18 500 (4.01%) Kafka
19 456 (3.65%) Vue.js
20 445 (3.56%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 827 (6.62%) Greenfield Project
2 667 (5.34%) Algorithms
3 658 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
4 635 (5.09%) User Experience
5 608 (4.87%) Fixed Income
6 543 (4.35%) Derivative
7 470 (3.76%) Hedge funds
8 415 (3.32%) Equities
9 383 (3.07%) Mobile App
10 379 (3.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 356 (2.85%) Self-Motivation
12 319 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
13 273 (2.19%) Data Structures
14 256 (2.05%) Cloud Native
15 249 (1.99%) Embedded Systems
16 201 (1.61%) Blog
17 198 (1.59%) Robotics
18 176 (1.41%) Public Cloud
19 148 (1.19%) Management Information System
20 110 (0.88%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,894 (15.17%) Linux
2 1,143 (9.16%) Windows
3 442 (3.54%) Android
4 399 (3.20%) Apple iOS
5 398 (3.19%) Unix
6 114 (0.91%) Embedded Linux
7 113 (0.91%) Mac OS X
8 74 (0.59%) CentOS
9 57 (0.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 54 (0.43%) Windows Server
11 48 (0.38%) Ubuntu
12 41 (0.33%) VxWorks
13 35 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
14 33 (0.26%) Windows 10
15 30 (0.24%) Mac OS
16 20 (0.16%) Fedora
17 19 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
17 19 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
18 18 (0.14%) Debian
19 11 (0.088%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,218 (49.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2,195 (17.58%) DevOps
3 2,100 (16.82%) Microservices
4 1,947 (15.60%) Scrum
5 1,880 (15.06%) Computer Science
6 1,821 (14.59%) TDD
7 1,533 (12.28%) Problem-Solving
8 1,455 (11.65%) Continuous Integration
9 1,453 (11.64%) Test Automation
10 1,350 (10.81%) Mentoring
11 1,342 (10.75%) OO
12 1,085 (8.69%) MVC
13 1,048 (8.39%) SDLC
14 1,018 (8.15%) Analytics
15 980 (7.85%) Machine Learning
16 913 (7.31%) Artificial Intelligence
17 870 (6.97%) Open Source
18 838 (6.71%) Unit Testing
19 829 (6.64%) Asset Management
20 801 (6.42%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 4,682 (37.50%) Java
2 4,073 (32.63%) JavaScript
3 3,921 (31.41%) C#
4 3,364 (26.95%) Python
5 2,702 (21.64%) C++
6 2,510 (20.11%) SQL
7 1,450 (11.61%) C
8 658 (5.27%) PHP
9 597 (4.78%) Java 8
10 588 (4.71%) TypeScript
11 510 (4.09%) R
12 491 (3.93%) Ruby
13 479 (3.84%) Go
14 425 (3.40%) Scala
15 421 (3.37%) Kotlin
16 282 (2.26%) Embedded C
17 278 (2.23%) Bash Shell
18 270 (2.16%) T-SQL
19 212 (1.70%) ES6
20 201 (1.61%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 2,321 (18.59%) Degree
2 889 (7.12%) Computer Science Degree
3 524 (4.20%) Security Cleared
4 263 (2.11%) SC Cleared
5 217 (1.74%) DV Cleared
6 149 (1.19%) PhD
7 120 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
8 68 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 59 (0.47%) CISSP
10 53 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
11 47 (0.38%) AWS Certification
12 43 (0.34%) HND
13 32 (0.26%) MCP
13 32 (0.26%) PMI Certification
14 30 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
15 29 (0.23%) MCSE
16 28 (0.22%) CCNA
16 28 (0.22%) DBS Check
17 25 (0.20%) CISM
18 23 (0.18%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 723 (5.79%) QA
2 67 (0.54%) GDPR
3 40 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 35 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 33 (0.26%) SLA
6 29 (0.23%) DICOM
7 27 (0.22%) IEC 61508
8 23 (0.18%) MISRA
9 16 (0.13%) ISO 9001
9 16 (0.13%) PSD2
10 15 (0.12%) IFRS
11 14 (0.11%) MISRA C
12 13 (0.10%) PCI DSS
13 12 (0.096%) PMO
14 11 (0.088%) Solvency II
15 10 (0.080%) NIST
16 8 (0.064%) DO-178B
16 8 (0.064%) ISO 13485
16 8 (0.064%) ISO 26262
16 8 (0.064%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,876 (15.03%) Docker
2 263 (2.11%) Firmware
3 121 (0.97%) Active Directory
4 53 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 50 (0.40%) VirtualBox
6 41 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
7 39 (0.31%) HDFS
8 14 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 13 (0.10%) vSphere
10 11 (0.088%) ACF2
10 11 (0.088%) RACF
11 10 (0.080%) KVM
11 10 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
12 8 (0.064%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (0.048%) GridGain
13 6 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.040%) Hyper-V
15 4 (0.032%) Cronacle
15 4 (0.032%) ISA Server
16 3 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,343 (10.76%) Kubernetes
2 631 (5.05%) Terraform
3 470 (3.76%) Ansible
4 193 (1.55%) Puppet
5 164 (1.31%) Opscode Chef
6 82 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
7 63 (0.50%) Kibana
8 57 (0.46%) Mesos
9 45 (0.36%) Marathon
10 44 (0.35%) Rancher
11 43 (0.34%) Prometheus
12 38 (0.30%) BMC PATROL
13 33 (0.26%) Grafana
13 33 (0.26%) Salt
14 32 (0.26%) Oozie
15 28 (0.22%) Packer
16 26 (0.21%) SCCM
17 24 (0.19%) Nagios
18 23 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
19 22 (0.18%) Istio
Vendors
1 908 (7.27%) Microsoft
2 674 (5.40%) Google
3 616 (4.93%) Oracle
4 288 (2.31%) Sage
5 170 (1.36%) SAP
6 161 (1.29%) IBM
7 150 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
8 138 (1.11%) WorldPay
9 125 (1.00%) Atlassian
10 114 (0.91%) Bloomberg
11 112 (0.90%) Adobe
12 92 (0.74%) FIS
13 88 (0.70%) Red Hat
14 82 (0.66%) Cloudera
15 79 (0.63%) Xamarin
16 75 (0.60%) Apple
17 71 (0.57%) VMware
18 67 (0.54%) Sybase
19 60 (0.48%) Hortonworks
20 59 (0.47%) hybris