Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 19 20
Rank change year-on-year +5 +1 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 13,494 8,193 14,912
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.78% 10.23% 10.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.71% 11.08% 11.20%
Number of salaries quoted 8,220 6,662 11,392
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,428 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 98,425 73,961 133,186
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.21% 92.34% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 67,779 59,551 105,846
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 12,148 £65,000 +8.33% 2,378
UK excluding London +2 6,432 £52,500 +5.00% 1,638
London +8 6,365 £80,000 +6.67% 893
Work from Home +5 2,932 £65,000 +13.04% 599
South East 0 1,707 £55,000 +4.76% 343
North of England +6 1,569 £55,000 +10.00% 466
South West +6 1,168 £52,500 +10.53% 209
North West +6 759 £55,000 +2.42% 277
Yorkshire +1 657 £54,826 +9.65% 141
Midlands -4 644 £52,500 +10.53% 236
Scotland +2 590 £50,000 - 98
East of England +11 493 £55,000 +10.00% 224
West Midlands -4 400 £55,000 +15.79% 148
East Midlands -8 243 £50,000 - 88
Northern Ireland +2 169 £42,500 -10.53% 15
North East -4 153 £54,000 +20.00% 48
Wales -1 98 £47,500 +5.56% 48

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 6,533 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
2 4,893 (36.26%) JavaScript
3 4,680 (34.68%) AWS
4 4,504 (33.38%) Java
5 4,213 (31.22%) Python
6 3,507 (25.99%) C#
7 3,306 (24.50%) Docker
8 3,075 (22.79%) React
9 3,006 (22.28%) DevOps
10 3,003 (22.25%) Finance
11 2,904 (21.52%) .NET
12 2,893 (21.44%) SQL
13 2,880 (21.34%) Azure
14 2,820 (20.90%) Microservices
15 2,704 (20.04%) Kubernetes
16 2,376 (17.61%) Social Skills
17 2,306 (17.09%) Node.js
18 2,234 (16.56%) Degree
19 2,195 (16.27%) TDD
20 2,128 (15.77%) AngularJS
21 1,914 (14.18%) Computer Science
22 1,900 (14.08%) Linux
23 1,876 (13.90%) C++
24 1,874 (13.89%) TypeScript
25 1,797 (13.32%) Scrum
26 1,754 (13.00%) Git (software)
27 1,745 (12.93%) GCP
28 1,730 (12.82%) CSS
29 1,725 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
30 1,578 (11.69%) HTML

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 531 (3.94%) Apache Spark
2 498 (3.69%) Elasticsearch
3 401 (2.97%) Apache
4 370 (2.74%) Confluence
5 131 (0.97%) CMS
6 109 (0.81%) nginx
7 105 (0.78%) GemFire
8 98 (0.73%) Tomcat
9 75 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
10 52 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
11 48 (0.36%) GeoServer
12 43 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 43 (0.32%) SharePoint
13 41 (0.30%) OpenStack
14 39 (0.29%) SAS
15 36 (0.27%) IIS
16 35 (0.26%) Tornado
17 33 (0.24%) Jupyter
18 32 (0.24%) JBoss
19 30 (0.22%) WebLogic
Applications
1 71 (0.53%) Simulink
2 51 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 37 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
4 36 (0.27%) Sketch
5 31 (0.23%) InVision
6 23 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
7 21 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.12%) GIMP
9 15 (0.11%) Figma
9 15 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 15 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.10%) Stateflow
11 10 (0.074%) Zeplin
12 9 (0.067%) AutoCAD
12 9 (0.067%) UXPin
13 6 (0.044%) Maya
14 5 (0.037%) Adobe XD
15 4 (0.030%) Chatbot
15 4 (0.030%) Inkscape
16 3 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 37 (0.27%) Shopify
2 32 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 31 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 29 (0.21%) Magento
5 27 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 21 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 21 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
7 13 (0.096%) Sentinel
8 12 (0.089%) NetSuite
9 11 (0.082%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 10 (0.074%) Primavera
11 8 (0.059%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 6 (0.044%) Eagle PACE
12 6 (0.044%) Markit EDM
13 5 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
14 4 (0.030%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
14 4 (0.030%) Dynamics NAV
15 3 (0.022%) Summit
16 2 (0.015%) SAP Business One
17 1 (0.007%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 4,680 (34.68%) AWS
2 2,880 (21.34%) Azure
3 1,745 (12.93%) GCP
4 1,401 (10.38%) Serverless
5 798 (5.91%) SaaS
6 748 (5.54%) AWS Lambda
7 686 (5.08%) GitHub
8 382 (2.83%) AWS CloudFormation
9 373 (2.76%) Amazon S3
10 342 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
11 272 (2.02%) PaaS
12 255 (1.89%) Amazon SQS
13 234 (1.73%) Amazon ECS
14 233 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
15 165 (1.22%) Amazon Kinesis
16 151 (1.12%) OpenShift
17 141 (1.04%) AWS Step Functions
18 127 (0.94%) npm
19 116 (0.86%) IaaS
20 106 (0.79%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 346 (2.56%) HTTP
2 260 (1.93%) Internet
3 156 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 105 (0.78%) Broadband
5 102 (0.76%) Wireless
6 83 (0.62%) Ethernet
7 73 (0.54%) Bluetooth
8 71 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
9 47 (0.35%) Modbus
10 44 (0.33%) Firewall
11 43 (0.32%) MQTT
11 43 (0.32%) Wireshark
12 38 (0.28%) RS-422
13 33 (0.24%) RS-485
14 32 (0.24%) ZigBee
15 31 (0.23%) DNS
16 29 (0.21%) 5G
17 27 (0.20%) 4G
17 27 (0.20%) Network Security
18 24 (0.18%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,353 (10.03%) NoSQL
2 1,322 (9.80%) PostgreSQL
3 1,026 (7.60%) SQL Server
4 885 (6.56%) Big Data
5 881 (6.53%) MySQL
6 853 (6.32%) Relational Database
7 768 (5.69%) MongoDB
8 589 (4.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 533 (3.95%) Redis
10 400 (2.96%) Hadoop
11 313 (2.32%) Amazon RDS
12 195 (1.45%) Amazon Aurora
13 194 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
14 180 (1.33%) RDBMS
15 167 (1.24%) MariaDB
16 144 (1.07%) GIS
17 143 (1.06%) HBase
18 140 (1.04%) Data Warehouse
19 137 (1.02%) Amazon Athena
20 134 (0.99%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,754 (13.00%) Git (software)
2 1,143 (8.47%) Jenkins
3 687 (5.09%) JIRA
4 447 (3.31%) GitLab
5 436 (3.23%) Cypress.io
6 339 (2.51%) JUnit
7 262 (1.94%) Maven
8 258 (1.91%) Cucumber
9 236 (1.75%) Gradle
10 230 (1.70%) webpack
11 229 (1.70%) Visual Studio
12 226 (1.67%) Selenium
13 215 (1.59%) Eclipse
14 212 (1.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 211 (1.56%) Subversion
16 192 (1.42%) TeamCity
17 177 (1.31%) Storybook
18 160 (1.19%) CircleCI
19 159 (1.18%) Mockito
20 157 (1.16%) SonarQube
General
1 3,003 (22.25%) Finance
2 2,376 (17.61%) Social Skills
3 845 (6.26%) Banking
4 629 (4.66%) Analytical Skills
5 610 (4.52%) Games
6 595 (4.41%) Retail
7 547 (4.05%) Front Office
8 495 (3.67%) Marketing
9 437 (3.24%) Law
10 382 (2.83%) Public Sector
11 378 (2.80%) Electronics
12 300 (2.22%) Manufacturing
13 272 (2.02%) Telecoms
14 262 (1.94%) Legal
15 208 (1.54%) Presentation Skills
16 140 (1.04%) Financial Institution
17 121 (0.90%) Automotive
18 120 (0.89%) Organisational Skills
19 116 (0.86%) Pharmaceutical
19 116 (0.86%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 6,292 (46.63%) Software Engineer
2 4,374 (32.41%) Developer
3 1,744 (12.92%) Senior Software Engineer
4 905 (6.71%) Senior Developer
5 800 (5.93%) Java Engineer
6 699 (5.18%) Software Developer
7 687 (5.09%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 676 (5.01%) Java Software Engineer
9 671 (4.97%) Java Developer
10 564 (4.18%) React Developer
11 527 (3.91%) C# Developer
12 519 (3.85%) Python Engineer
13 501 (3.71%) .NET Developer
14 441 (3.27%) Full Stack Developer
14 441 (3.27%) Python Developer
15 426 (3.16%) Lead Software Engineer
16 423 (3.13%) DevOps Engineer
17 407 (3.02%) .NET Software Engineer
18 404 (2.99%) C# Software Engineer
19 398 (2.95%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,075 (22.79%) React
2 2,904 (21.52%) .NET
3 2,306 (17.09%) Node.js
4 2,128 (15.77%) AngularJS
5 1,730 (12.82%) CSS
6 1,578 (11.69%) HTML
7 1,563 (11.58%) Web Services
8 1,395 (10.34%) REST
9 1,229 (9.11%) .NET Core
10 1,224 (9.07%) Spring
11 1,159 (8.59%) RESTful
12 1,018 (7.54%) Kafka
13 998 (7.40%) Vue.js
14 773 (5.73%) GraphQL
15 679 (5.03%) .NET Framework
16 649 (4.81%) Redux
17 579 (4.29%) Spring Boot
18 566 (4.19%) HTML5
19 518 (3.84%) ASP.NET
20 498 (3.69%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 992 (7.35%) User Experience
2 755 (5.60%) Algorithms
3 700 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
4 500 (3.71%) Hedge funds
5 413 (3.06%) Data Structures
6 398 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
7 394 (2.92%) Mobile App
8 367 (2.72%) Derivative
9 349 (2.59%) Virtual Team
10 344 (2.55%) Equities
11 333 (2.47%) Cloud Native
12 329 (2.44%) Fixed Income
13 293 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 257 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
15 214 (1.59%) Blog
16 197 (1.46%) Management Information System
17 194 (1.44%) Embedded Systems
18 155 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
19 148 (1.10%) Cyberattack
20 143 (1.06%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,900 (14.08%) Linux
2 593 (4.39%) Windows
3 471 (3.49%) Unix
4 432 (3.20%) Android
5 388 (2.88%) Apple iOS
6 146 (1.08%) Embedded Linux
7 120 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 111 (0.82%) CentOS
9 77 (0.57%) Ubuntu
10 55 (0.41%) Windows Server
11 28 (0.21%) Debian
12 20 (0.15%) Windows 10
13 18 (0.13%) Solaris
14 13 (0.096%) FreeRTOS
15 11 (0.082%) VxWorks
16 10 (0.074%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.074%) VMS
17 9 (0.067%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 7 (0.052%) Robot Operating System
18 7 (0.052%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,533 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
2 3,006 (22.28%) DevOps
3 2,820 (20.90%) Microservices
4 2,195 (16.27%) TDD
5 1,914 (14.18%) Computer Science
6 1,797 (13.32%) Scrum
7 1,725 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
8 1,564 (11.59%) Mentoring
9 1,458 (10.80%) Test Automation
10 1,352 (10.02%) OO
11 1,332 (9.87%) Continuous Integration
12 1,230 (9.12%) Fintech
13 1,130 (8.37%) Artificial Intelligence
14 1,120 (8.30%) Analytics
15 1,048 (7.77%) Machine Learning
16 1,016 (7.53%) SDLC
17 918 (6.80%) Unit Testing
18 916 (6.79%) Software Testing
19 876 (6.49%) OOP
20 839 (6.22%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 4,893 (36.26%) JavaScript
2 4,504 (33.38%) Java
3 4,213 (31.22%) Python
4 3,507 (25.99%) C#
5 2,893 (21.44%) SQL
6 1,876 (13.90%) C++
7 1,874 (13.89%) TypeScript
8 964 (7.14%) C
9 921 (6.83%) Go
10 660 (4.89%) Ruby
11 652 (4.83%) Scala
12 579 (4.29%) Kotlin
13 567 (4.20%) PHP
14 318 (2.36%) Java 8
15 296 (2.19%) ES6
16 237 (1.76%) Shell Script
17 228 (1.69%) Bash Shell
18 211 (1.56%) PowerShell
19 188 (1.39%) Groovy
20 168 (1.24%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,234 (16.56%) Degree
2 805 (5.97%) Security Cleared
3 763 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
4 587 (4.35%) SC Cleared
5 212 (1.57%) Master's Degree
6 163 (1.21%) PhD
7 122 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
8 98 (0.73%) OCP
8 98 (0.73%) Oracle Certification
9 85 (0.63%) DV Cleared
10 48 (0.36%) HND
11 44 (0.33%) AWS Certification
12 35 (0.26%) HNC
13 28 (0.21%) DBS Check
14 22 (0.16%) SANS
15 21 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
16 18 (0.13%) ISTQB
17 15 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
18 14 (0.10%) RHCE
18 14 (0.10%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 727 (5.39%) QA
2 91 (0.67%) Accessibility
3 78 (0.58%) GDPR
4 53 (0.39%) MISRA
5 50 (0.37%) SLA
5 50 (0.37%) WCAG
6 46 (0.34%) Data Quality
7 39 (0.29%) MISRA C
8 36 (0.27%) PCI DSS
9 31 (0.23%) ECSS
10 28 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 19 (0.14%) IEC 61508
12 16 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 15 (0.11%) IEC 61131
14 14 (0.10%) IEC 62304
15 13 (0.096%) ISO 13485
16 12 (0.089%) HIPAA
17 11 (0.082%) Def Stans
18 10 (0.074%) CDISC
18 10 (0.074%) NIST
System Software
1 3,306 (24.50%) Docker
2 143 (1.06%) Firmware
3 133 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 114 (0.84%) HDFS
5 94 (0.70%) VirtualBox
6 34 (0.25%) Active Directory
7 31 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 26 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 26 (0.19%) Hyper-V
8 26 (0.19%) KVM
9 11 (0.082%) vSphere
10 10 (0.074%) Apache Flume
10 10 (0.074%) ISA Server
11 9 (0.067%) Kamailio
11 9 (0.067%) OpenSIPS
12 8 (0.059%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.044%) Xen
14 5 (0.037%) RACF
15 3 (0.022%) Microsoft App-V
15 3 (0.022%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,704 (20.04%) Kubernetes
2 1,288 (9.54%) Terraform
3 766 (5.68%) Ansible
4 253 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
5 177 (1.31%) Puppet
6 148 (1.10%) Prometheus
7 133 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
8 125 (0.93%) Grafana
9 55 (0.41%) Packer
10 50 (0.37%) Istio
11 41 (0.30%) Consul
12 37 (0.27%) Kibana
13 28 (0.21%) Graphite
14 27 (0.20%) Nagios
15 25 (0.19%) Rancher
16 20 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
17 19 (0.14%) CFEngine
17 19 (0.14%) Demisto
18 14 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
18 14 (0.10%) Salt
Vendors
1 900 (6.67%) Microsoft
2 792 (5.87%) Google
3 667 (4.94%) Oracle
4 214 (1.59%) VMware
5 180 (1.33%) IBM
6 132 (0.98%) SAP
7 112 (0.83%) Atlassian
7 112 (0.83%) Okta
8 100 (0.74%) Cloudera
8 100 (0.74%) Red Hat
8 100 (0.74%) Splunk
9 92 (0.68%) Samsung
10 88 (0.65%) Instagram
11 84 (0.62%) Informatica
12 83 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
12 83 (0.62%) Sybase
12 83 (0.62%) Xamarin
13 78 (0.58%) Hortonworks
14 74 (0.55%) Talend
15 64 (0.47%) Adobe