Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 19 19
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 10,411 9,983 15,493
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.81% 10.06% 10.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 12.75% 10.90% 11.44%
Number of salaries quoted 7,517 8,135 11,751
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,686 91,596 135,406
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.69% 92.28% 92.35%
Number of salaries quoted 61,572 73,587 107,232
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,033 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 9,345 £62,500 +4.17% 2,321
UK excluding London +2 5,200 £52,500 +5.00% 1,617
London +6 4,727 £77,500 +3.33% 888
Work from Home +6 2,351 £62,500 +4.17% 587
South East -1 1,330 £55,000 +4.76% 338
North of England +7 1,317 £54,653 +9.31% 421
South West -2 902 £52,500 +5.00% 218
North West +6 647 £55,000 +4.76% 260
Yorkshire 0 541 £52,500 +5.00% 122
Midlands -2 535 £50,000 - 218
Scotland 0 523 £50,000 - 136
East of England +10 389 £55,000 +10.00% 228
West Midlands -3 322 £55,000 +15.79% 135
East Midlands -7 212 £50,000 - 82
Northern Ireland +6 138 £42,500 -5.56% 24
North East -2 129 £55,000 +15.79% 39
Wales -9 68 £45,000 - 36
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 5,058 (48.58%) Agile Software Development
2 3,859 (37.07%) JavaScript
3 3,463 (33.26%) AWS
4 3,407 (32.73%) Java
5 3,186 (30.60%) Python
6 2,967 (28.50%) C#
7 2,570 (24.69%) Docker
8 2,456 (23.59%) .NET
9 2,345 (22.52%) React
10 2,317 (22.26%) DevOps
11 2,295 (22.04%) Azure
12 2,253 (21.64%) Finance
13 2,212 (21.25%) SQL
14 2,192 (21.05%) Microservices
15 2,058 (19.77%) Kubernetes
16 1,731 (16.63%) Social Skills
17 1,682 (16.16%) TDD
18 1,642 (15.77%) Degree
19 1,634 (15.69%) AngularJS
20 1,622 (15.58%) Node.js
21 1,570 (15.08%) C++
22 1,448 (13.91%) Linux
23 1,379 (13.25%) Computer Science
24 1,377 (13.23%) GCP
25 1,356 (13.02%) Scrum
26 1,316 (12.64%) TypeScript
27 1,293 (12.42%) Git (software)
28 1,276 (12.26%) CSS
29 1,274 (12.24%) HTML
30 1,169 (11.23%) .NET Core

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 363 (3.49%) Elasticsearch
2 358 (3.44%) Apache Spark
3 283 (2.72%) Confluence
4 253 (2.43%) Apache
5 87 (0.84%) nginx
6 81 (0.78%) CMS
7 75 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 44 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 39 (0.37%) SAS
10 37 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 37 (0.36%) SharePoint
11 32 (0.31%) GemFire
12 31 (0.30%) JBoss
13 30 (0.29%) OpenStack
14 27 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
14 27 (0.26%) Jupyter
15 26 (0.25%) IIS
15 26 (0.25%) Tornado
16 22 (0.21%) Umbraco
16 22 (0.21%) WebSphere
Applications
1 61 (0.59%) Simulink
2 39 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.37%) Sketch
3 33 (0.32%) InVision
4 28 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
5 17 (0.16%) Stateflow
6 11 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 10 (0.096%) AutoCAD
7 10 (0.096%) Zeplin
8 9 (0.086%) GIMP
8 9 (0.086%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.077%) UXPin
10 7 (0.067%) Adobe XD
10 7 (0.067%) Figma
10 7 (0.067%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 6 (0.058%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.048%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.038%) Gliffy
13 4 (0.038%) Inkscape
Business Applications
1 31 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.22%) Shopify
3 22 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 20 (0.19%) Magento
5 17 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
6 13 (0.12%) R3 Corda
7 11 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 10 (0.096%) Eagle PACE
8 10 (0.096%) Markit EDM
9 8 (0.077%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 7 (0.067%) Sentinel
11 6 (0.058%) Primavera
12 5 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
12 5 (0.048%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 4 (0.038%) Dynamics NAV
14 3 (0.029%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
14 3 (0.029%) Oracle BPM
15 2 (0.019%) SAP Business One
16 1 (0.010%) Teamcenter
16 1 (0.010%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 3,463 (33.26%) AWS
2 2,295 (22.04%) Azure
3 1,377 (13.23%) GCP
4 952 (9.14%) Serverless
5 595 (5.72%) SaaS
6 475 (4.56%) AWS Lambda
7 380 (3.65%) GitHub
8 270 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
9 228 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
10 209 (2.01%) Amazon S3
11 202 (1.94%) PaaS
12 194 (1.86%) Cloud Computing
13 168 (1.61%) Amazon ECS
14 139 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
15 114 (1.09%) npm
16 99 (0.95%) IaaS
17 81 (0.78%) AWS Step Functions
18 79 (0.76%) IBM Cloud
19 78 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
20 76 (0.73%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 202 (1.94%) Internet
2 188 (1.81%) HTTP
3 103 (0.99%) TCP/IP
4 87 (0.84%) Wireless
5 61 (0.59%) Ethernet
6 59 (0.57%) Bluetooth
6 59 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
7 40 (0.38%) Wireshark
8 36 (0.35%) Broadband
8 36 (0.35%) Firewall
9 33 (0.32%) Modbus
10 31 (0.30%) ZigBee
11 29 (0.28%) MQTT
12 24 (0.23%) RS-422
13 23 (0.22%) DNS
14 22 (0.21%) RS-485
15 18 (0.17%) AMQP
15 18 (0.17%) PPP
16 17 (0.16%) Network Security
17 15 (0.14%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 997 (9.58%) NoSQL
2 887 (8.52%) SQL Server
3 806 (7.74%) PostgreSQL
4 677 (6.50%) Big Data
5 633 (6.08%) MySQL
6 626 (6.01%) Relational Database
7 441 (4.24%) MongoDB
8 322 (3.09%) Redis
9 319 (3.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 298 (2.86%) Hadoop
11 196 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
12 155 (1.49%) RDBMS
13 142 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
14 120 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
15 112 (1.08%) Neo4j
16 93 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
17 87 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
18 82 (0.79%) GIS
19 79 (0.76%) Apache Hive
20 74 (0.71%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 1,293 (12.42%) Git (software)
2 803 (7.71%) Jenkins
3 524 (5.03%) JIRA
4 357 (3.43%) GitLab
5 270 (2.59%) Cypress.io
6 203 (1.95%) Maven
7 201 (1.93%) JUnit
8 200 (1.92%) Selenium
9 198 (1.90%) webpack
10 194 (1.86%) Visual Studio
11 184 (1.77%) Subversion
12 169 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 145 (1.39%) Cucumber
14 126 (1.21%) TeamCity
15 124 (1.19%) Gradle
16 104 (1.00%) Mercurial
17 98 (0.94%) CircleCI
18 96 (0.92%) Bitbucket
18 96 (0.92%) Eclipse
19 92 (0.88%) Artifactory
General
1 2,253 (21.64%) Finance
2 1,731 (16.63%) Social Skills
3 506 (4.86%) Banking
4 457 (4.39%) Front Office
5 440 (4.23%) Games
6 424 (4.07%) Analytical Skills
7 416 (4.00%) Marketing
8 404 (3.88%) Retail
9 357 (3.43%) Electronics
10 299 (2.87%) Public Sector
11 270 (2.59%) Law
12 260 (2.50%) Manufacturing
13 195 (1.87%) Telecoms
14 186 (1.79%) Legal
15 122 (1.17%) Presentation Skills
16 104 (1.00%) Financial Institution
17 97 (0.93%) Organisational Skills
18 89 (0.85%) Publishing
19 88 (0.85%) Automotive
20 86 (0.83%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 4,707 (45.21%) Software Engineer
2 3,617 (34.74%) Developer
3 1,226 (11.78%) Senior Software Engineer
4 731 (7.02%) Senior Developer
5 675 (6.48%) Java Engineer
6 614 (5.90%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 600 (5.76%) Software Developer
8 583 (5.60%) Java Software Engineer
9 542 (5.21%) Java Developer
10 522 (5.01%) React Developer
11 505 (4.85%) C# Developer
12 483 (4.64%) .NET Developer
13 386 (3.71%) .NET Software Engineer
14 382 (3.67%) Python Engineer
15 381 (3.66%) JavaScript Developer
16 370 (3.55%) Full Stack Developer
17 368 (3.53%) AWS Engineer
18 361 (3.47%) C# Software Engineer
19 355 (3.41%) Python Developer
20 340 (3.27%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,456 (23.59%) .NET
2 2,345 (22.52%) React
3 1,634 (15.69%) AngularJS
4 1,622 (15.58%) Node.js
5 1,276 (12.26%) CSS
6 1,274 (12.24%) HTML
7 1,169 (11.23%) .NET Core
8 1,140 (10.95%) Web Services
9 961 (9.23%) REST
10 835 (8.02%) Spring
11 811 (7.79%) Vue.js
12 769 (7.39%) RESTful
13 718 (6.90%) Kafka
14 608 (5.84%) .NET Framework
15 507 (4.87%) ASP.NET
16 488 (4.69%) HTML5
17 454 (4.36%) GraphQL
18 447 (4.29%) Spring Boot
19 437 (4.20%) React Native
20 373 (3.58%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 686 (6.59%) Greenfield Project
2 605 (5.81%) User Experience
3 592 (5.69%) Algorithms
4 414 (3.98%) Hedge funds
5 345 (3.31%) Data Structures
6 310 (2.98%) Mobile App
7 291 (2.80%) Derivative
8 282 (2.71%) Equities
8 282 (2.71%) Self-Motivation
9 266 (2.55%) Fixed Income
10 254 (2.44%) Cloud Native
11 228 (2.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 220 (2.11%) Virtual Team
13 193 (1.85%) Blog
13 193 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
14 147 (1.41%) Management Information System
15 144 (1.38%) Embedded Systems
16 116 (1.11%) Public Cloud
17 98 (0.94%) Social Media
18 89 (0.85%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 1,448 (13.91%) Linux
2 472 (4.53%) Windows
3 311 (2.99%) Android
4 275 (2.64%) Unix
5 250 (2.40%) Apple iOS
6 128 (1.23%) Embedded Linux
7 81 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 76 (0.73%) CentOS
9 45 (0.43%) Windows Server
10 15 (0.14%) Debian
11 14 (0.13%) Ubuntu
12 11 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
13 9 (0.086%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 9 (0.086%) VxWorks
14 8 (0.077%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.067%) Robot Operating System
16 4 (0.038%) VMS
17 3 (0.029%) Fedora
17 3 (0.029%) Windows Server 2016
18 2 (0.019%) SafeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,058 (48.58%) Agile Software Development
2 2,317 (22.26%) DevOps
3 2,192 (21.05%) Microservices
4 1,682 (16.16%) TDD
5 1,379 (13.25%) Computer Science
6 1,356 (13.02%) Scrum
7 1,119 (10.75%) Mentoring
8 1,086 (10.43%) Problem-Solving
9 1,079 (10.36%) Test Automation
10 1,030 (9.89%) OO
11 964 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
12 960 (9.22%) Fintech
13 829 (7.96%) Analytics
14 768 (7.38%) Artificial Intelligence
15 727 (6.98%) Machine Learning
16 704 (6.76%) SDLC
17 686 (6.59%) Unit Testing
18 669 (6.43%) Software Testing
19 667 (6.41%) Open Source
20 653 (6.27%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 3,859 (37.07%) JavaScript
2 3,407 (32.73%) Java
3 3,186 (30.60%) Python
4 2,967 (28.50%) C#
5 2,212 (21.25%) SQL
6 1,570 (15.08%) C++
7 1,316 (12.64%) TypeScript
8 756 (7.26%) C
9 743 (7.14%) Go
10 500 (4.80%) Ruby
11 454 (4.36%) Scala
12 412 (3.96%) PHP
13 362 (3.48%) Kotlin
14 261 (2.51%) Java 8
15 237 (2.28%) ES6
16 160 (1.54%) Bash Shell
17 155 (1.49%) T-SQL
18 133 (1.28%) R
19 116 (1.11%) PowerShell
20 108 (1.04%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 1,642 (15.77%) Degree
2 607 (5.83%) Computer Science Degree
3 545 (5.23%) Security Cleared
4 421 (4.04%) SC Cleared
5 144 (1.38%) Master's Degree
6 119 (1.14%) PhD
7 103 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
8 62 (0.60%) DV Cleared
9 58 (0.56%) HND
10 46 (0.44%) HNC
11 29 (0.28%) OCP
11 29 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
12 28 (0.27%) AWS Certification
13 24 (0.23%) SANS
14 22 (0.21%) ISTQB
15 21 (0.20%) DBS Check
16 17 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
17 14 (0.13%) RHCE
17 14 (0.13%) RHCSA
18 13 (0.12%) Chartered Engineer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 507 (4.87%) QA
2 53 (0.51%) GDPR
3 38 (0.36%) WCAG
4 32 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 27 (0.26%) SLA
6 26 (0.25%) Data Quality
7 24 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 18 (0.17%) MISRA
9 16 (0.15%) ISO 9001
10 15 (0.14%) IEC 61131
11 13 (0.12%) Def Stans
12 12 (0.12%) IEC 61508
13 11 (0.11%) ISO 26262
14 8 (0.077%) JTAG
14 8 (0.077%) MISRA C
14 8 (0.077%) SOC 2
15 7 (0.067%) IEC 62304
15 7 (0.067%) NIST
16 6 (0.058%) CDISC
16 6 (0.058%) SOC 1
System Software
1 2,570 (24.69%) Docker
2 103 (0.99%) Firmware
3 87 (0.84%) VirtualBox
4 77 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
5 44 (0.42%) HDFS
6 26 (0.25%) KVM
7 25 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 20 (0.19%) Active Directory
9 9 (0.086%) Apache Flume
9 9 (0.086%) Kamailio
9 9 (0.086%) OpenSIPS
9 9 (0.086%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.086%) vSphere
10 8 (0.077%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.048%) RACF
11 5 (0.048%) Xen
12 4 (0.038%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.038%) ISA Server
13 3 (0.029%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.029%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 2,058 (19.77%) Kubernetes
2 956 (9.18%) Terraform
3 519 (4.99%) Ansible
4 143 (1.37%) Puppet
5 134 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
6 109 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
7 68 (0.65%) Grafana
7 68 (0.65%) Prometheus
8 46 (0.44%) Packer
9 39 (0.37%) Consul
10 25 (0.24%) Nagios
11 24 (0.23%) Istio
12 21 (0.20%) Kibana
13 19 (0.18%) CFEngine
13 19 (0.18%) Demisto
14 15 (0.14%) Graphite
15 14 (0.13%) Rancher
16 13 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
17 9 (0.086%) HP Fortify
17 9 (0.086%) Salt
Vendors
1 675 (6.48%) Microsoft
2 574 (5.51%) Google
3 454 (4.36%) Oracle
4 172 (1.65%) IBM
5 123 (1.18%) SAP
5 123 (1.18%) VMware
6 87 (0.84%) Cloudera
7 84 (0.81%) Red Hat
8 80 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
9 73 (0.70%) Talend
10 72 (0.69%) Atlassian
11 69 (0.66%) Sybase
12 68 (0.65%) Informatica
13 66 (0.63%) Hortonworks
14 63 (0.61%) Xamarin
15 52 (0.50%) Splunk
16 48 (0.46%) Adobe
17 45 (0.43%) Facebook
18 42 (0.40%) PagerDuty
18 42 (0.40%) Samsung