Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 19 22
Rank change year-on-year -1 +3 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 11,493 15,612 15,485
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.81% 10.55% 8.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.68% 11.44% 9.49%
Number of salaries quoted 10,011 12,749 13,025
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 107,655 136,498 163,181
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.91% 92.20% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 85,344 107,439 132,858
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 10,495 £60,000 +9.09% 2,072
UK excluding London -1 6,500 £50,000 +5.26% 1,457
London +3 4,740 £75,000 +7.14% 775
South East -2 2,179 £50,000 - 374
North of England -2 1,375 £50,000 +5.26% 283
South West +1 980 £47,500 +5.56% 210
Work from Home +3 830 £60,000 - 153
Midlands -4 703 £47,500 +5.56% 209
North West 0 684 £52,500 +5.00% 145
Yorkshire -1 566 £50,000 +11.11% 103
Scotland -4 544 £48,000 +6.67% 94
East of England -5 494 £50,000 -4.76% 221
West Midlands -5 418 £47,500 +5.56% 128
East Midlands -3 284 £50,000 +5.26% 81
Wales -9 170 £45,000 +12.50% 44
North East +2 125 £47,500 -2.04% 35
Northern Ireland +1 71 £45,000 +5.88% 23
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 5,724 (49.80%) Agile Software Development
2 4,321 (37.60%) Java
3 4,007 (34.86%) JavaScript
4 3,654 (31.79%) C#
5 3,059 (26.62%) Python
6 2,903 (25.26%) AWS
7 2,825 (24.58%) .NET
8 2,311 (20.11%) Finance
9 2,286 (19.89%) SQL
10 2,256 (19.63%) C++
11 2,147 (18.68%) DevOps
12 2,112 (18.38%) Azure
13 2,001 (17.41%) Microservices
14 1,989 (17.31%) Degree
15 1,927 (16.77%) Docker
16 1,926 (16.76%) AngularJS
17 1,864 (16.22%) Scrum
18 1,863 (16.21%) TDD
19 1,776 (15.45%) React
20 1,751 (15.24%) HTML
21 1,682 (14.63%) Linux
22 1,569 (13.65%) CSS
23 1,552 (13.50%) Computer Science
24 1,529 (13.30%) Git (software)
25 1,457 (12.68%) Node.js
26 1,439 (12.52%) Test Automation
27 1,337 (11.63%) Web Services
28 1,319 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
29 1,306 (11.36%) Kubernetes
30 1,251 (10.88%) Continuous Integration

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 296 (2.58%) Apache Spark
2 252 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
3 232 (2.02%) Confluence
4 134 (1.17%) Apache
5 120 (1.04%) IIS
6 117 (1.02%) CMS
7 111 (0.97%) Tomcat
8 58 (0.50%) WebSphere
8 58 (0.50%) WordPress
9 57 (0.50%) JBoss
10 51 (0.44%) SharePoint
11 45 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 39 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
13 38 (0.33%) OpenStack
14 37 (0.32%) SAS
15 32 (0.28%) nginx
16 29 (0.25%) CICS
17 21 (0.18%) Apache Airflow
17 21 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
17 21 (0.18%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 66 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.36%) MS Visio
3 39 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 31 (0.27%) Simulink
5 30 (0.26%) Chatbot
6 27 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 18 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.10%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.096%) Sketch
10 9 (0.078%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.078%) Zeplin
11 7 (0.061%) InVision
12 5 (0.044%) SOLIDWORKS
13 3 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.017%) EPLAN
14 2 (0.017%) TargetLink
15 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
15 1 (0.009%) CATIA
15 1 (0.009%) PTC Creo
15 1 (0.009%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 110 (0.96%) FINCAD Analytics
2 21 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
3 14 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
3 14 (0.12%) Magento
4 13 (0.11%) R3 Corda
4 13 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
5 12 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.061%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 5 (0.044%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.044%) Raiser's Edge
7 5 (0.044%) Sage 200
7 5 (0.044%) Sage 50
8 4 (0.035%) Dynamics GP
8 4 (0.035%) Infor M3
8 4 (0.035%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.035%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.026%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.026%) Elite 3E
9 3 (0.026%) Odoo
9 3 (0.026%) OpenCart
Cloud Services
1 2,903 (25.26%) AWS
2 2,112 (18.38%) Azure
3 888 (7.73%) GCP
4 524 (4.56%) SaaS
5 436 (3.79%) Serverless
6 288 (2.51%) GitHub
7 246 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
8 164 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
9 155 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
10 153 (1.33%) Amazon S3
11 152 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
12 141 (1.23%) Amazon ECS
13 139 (1.21%) OpenShift
14 128 (1.11%) PaaS
15 80 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
16 69 (0.60%) IaaS
17 59 (0.51%) Power Platform
18 50 (0.44%) npm
19 46 (0.40%) Amazon EMR
20 37 (0.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 203 (1.77%) TCP/IP
2 155 (1.35%) Internet
3 144 (1.25%) HTTP
4 128 (1.11%) Wireless
5 119 (1.04%) Firewall
6 79 (0.69%) Bluetooth
7 66 (0.57%) Wireshark
8 42 (0.37%) MQTT
9 41 (0.36%) DNS
10 39 (0.34%) RS-232
11 36 (0.31%) VPN
12 35 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
13 34 (0.30%) Network Security
14 33 (0.29%) Ethernet
15 28 (0.24%) LTE
15 28 (0.24%) RS-485
15 28 (0.24%) VoIP
16 22 (0.19%) Broadband
17 19 (0.17%) HTTPS
17 19 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,213 (10.55%) SQL Server
2 849 (7.39%) NoSQL
3 766 (6.66%) PostgreSQL
4 741 (6.45%) MySQL
5 644 (5.60%) Relational Database
6 563 (4.90%) Big Data
7 556 (4.84%) MongoDB
8 377 (3.28%) Redis
9 340 (2.96%) Hadoop
10 241 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 201 (1.75%) Amazon Athena
12 184 (1.60%) RDBMS
13 180 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
14 129 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
15 125 (1.09%) Apache Cassandra
16 102 (0.89%) Neo4j
17 96 (0.84%) Blockchain
18 86 (0.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 81 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
20 79 (0.69%) Microsoft Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,529 (13.30%) Git (software)
2 871 (7.58%) Jenkins
3 682 (5.93%) JIRA
4 370 (3.22%) Visual Studio
5 312 (2.71%) Selenium
6 242 (2.11%) Subversion
7 235 (2.04%) Maven
8 203 (1.77%) JUnit
9 191 (1.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 183 (1.59%) Bitbucket
11 176 (1.53%) Cucumber
12 172 (1.50%) TeamCity
13 154 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
14 150 (1.31%) GitLab
15 146 (1.27%) Eclipse
16 137 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
17 134 (1.17%) webpack
18 99 (0.86%) gulp
19 98 (0.85%) RStudio
20 90 (0.78%) Gradle
General
1 2,311 (20.11%) Finance
2 925 (8.05%) Banking
3 575 (5.00%) Front Office
4 553 (4.81%) Retail
5 329 (2.86%) Electronics
6 293 (2.55%) Games
7 289 (2.51%) Public Sector
8 282 (2.45%) Marketing
9 249 (2.17%) Aerospace
10 214 (1.86%) Manufacturing
10 214 (1.86%) Telecoms
11 197 (1.71%) Investment Banking
12 190 (1.65%) Automotive
13 169 (1.47%) Law
14 122 (1.06%) Military
15 93 (0.81%) Advertising
16 82 (0.71%) Legal
17 55 (0.48%) Financial Institution
18 40 (0.35%) Publishing
19 35 (0.30%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 5,108 (44.44%) Software Engineer
2 3,910 (34.02%) Developer
3 1,358 (11.82%) Senior Software Engineer
4 937 (8.15%) Java Developer
5 917 (7.98%) Java Engineer
6 879 (7.65%) Software Developer
7 824 (7.17%) Java Software Engineer
8 763 (6.64%) Senior Developer
9 682 (5.93%) .NET Developer
10 627 (5.46%) C# Developer
11 529 (4.60%) C# Software Engineer
12 519 (4.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 475 (4.13%) .NET Software Engineer
14 454 (3.95%) C++ Software Engineer
15 428 (3.72%) Embedded Engineer
16 425 (3.70%) Python Engineer
17 398 (3.46%) Embedded Software Engineer
18 389 (3.38%) Junior
19 342 (2.98%) AWS Engineer
20 326 (2.84%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,825 (24.58%) .NET
2 1,926 (16.76%) AngularJS
3 1,776 (15.45%) React
4 1,751 (15.24%) HTML
5 1,569 (13.65%) CSS
6 1,457 (12.68%) Node.js
7 1,337 (11.63%) Web Services
8 1,093 (9.51%) ASP.NET
9 1,033 (8.99%) Spring
10 932 (8.11%) RESTful
11 914 (7.95%) REST
12 868 (7.55%) .NET Core
13 651 (5.66%) .NET Framework
14 618 (5.38%) HTML5
15 552 (4.80%) Vue.js
16 484 (4.21%) jQuery
17 463 (4.03%) Kafka
18 454 (3.95%) Spring Boot
19 452 (3.93%) J2EE
20 438 (3.81%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 802 (6.98%) Greenfield Project
2 651 (5.66%) User Experience
3 650 (5.66%) Analytical Skills
4 595 (5.18%) Algorithms
5 487 (4.24%) Hedge funds
6 479 (4.17%) Derivative
7 448 (3.90%) Fixed Income
8 403 (3.51%) Mobile App
9 329 (2.86%) Equities
10 287 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 260 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
12 258 (2.24%) Cloud Native
13 245 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
14 243 (2.11%) Data Structures
15 206 (1.79%) Blog
16 177 (1.54%) Embedded Systems
17 169 (1.47%) Public Cloud
18 134 (1.17%) Robotics
19 131 (1.14%) Management Information System
20 107 (0.93%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 1,682 (14.63%) Linux
2 1,035 (9.01%) Windows
3 457 (3.98%) Android
4 420 (3.65%) Apple iOS
5 419 (3.65%) Unix
6 125 (1.09%) Mac OS X
7 115 (1.00%) Embedded Linux
8 64 (0.56%) CentOS
9 57 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 54 (0.47%) Windows Server
11 52 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 38 (0.33%) VxWorks
13 29 (0.25%) Windows 10
14 24 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
15 23 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
16 21 (0.18%) Mac OS
17 19 (0.17%) Fedora
18 17 (0.15%) Solaris
19 14 (0.12%) Debian
20 12 (0.10%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,724 (49.80%) Agile Software Development
2 2,147 (18.68%) DevOps
3 2,001 (17.41%) Microservices
4 1,864 (16.22%) Scrum
5 1,863 (16.21%) TDD
6 1,552 (13.50%) Computer Science
7 1,439 (12.52%) Test Automation
8 1,319 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
9 1,251 (10.88%) Continuous Integration
10 1,213 (10.55%) Mentoring
11 1,163 (10.12%) OO
12 1,056 (9.19%) MVC
13 977 (8.50%) SDLC
14 873 (7.60%) Artificial Intelligence
15 843 (7.33%) Analytics
16 834 (7.26%) Machine Learning
17 826 (7.19%) Fintech
18 790 (6.87%) Open Source
19 771 (6.71%) Unit Testing
20 731 (6.36%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 4,321 (37.60%) Java
2 4,007 (34.86%) JavaScript
3 3,654 (31.79%) C#
4 3,059 (26.62%) Python
5 2,286 (19.89%) SQL
6 2,256 (19.63%) C++
7 1,238 (10.77%) C
8 660 (5.74%) PHP
9 610 (5.31%) Java 8
9 610 (5.31%) TypeScript
10 502 (4.37%) Go
11 455 (3.96%) Ruby
12 453 (3.94%) Kotlin
13 447 (3.89%) Scala
14 335 (2.91%) R
15 271 (2.36%) Bash Shell
16 260 (2.26%) T-SQL
17 258 (2.24%) Embedded C
18 184 (1.60%) PowerShell
19 172 (1.50%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,989 (17.31%) Degree
2 759 (6.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 462 (4.02%) Security Cleared
4 223 (1.94%) SC Cleared
5 186 (1.62%) DV Cleared
6 109 (0.95%) PhD
7 71 (0.62%) Master's Degree
8 55 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
9 45 (0.39%) HND
10 42 (0.37%) AWS Certification
11 34 (0.30%) ISTQB
12 33 (0.29%) CISSP
13 32 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
14 31 (0.27%) DBS Check
15 29 (0.25%) MCP
16 26 (0.23%) PMI Certification
17 23 (0.20%) ISEB
17 23 (0.20%) PMP
18 21 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
19 19 (0.17%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 657 (5.72%) QA
2 69 (0.60%) GDPR
3 44 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (0.28%) IEC 61508
5 31 (0.27%) DICOM
6 27 (0.23%) Data Quality
7 21 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 19 (0.17%) ISO 9001
9 17 (0.15%) MISRA
10 15 (0.13%) NIST
11 14 (0.12%) SLA
12 10 (0.087%) COBIT
12 10 (0.087%) IEC 62304
12 10 (0.087%) ISO 26262
12 10 (0.087%) MISRA C
13 7 (0.061%) ISO 15022
13 7 (0.061%) ISO 20022
13 7 (0.061%) NIST 800
13 7 (0.061%) Solvency II
14 6 (0.052%) DO-178B
System Software
1 1,927 (16.77%) Docker
2 243 (2.11%) Firmware
3 118 (1.03%) Active Directory
4 50 (0.44%) VirtualBox
5 48 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
6 41 (0.36%) HDFS
7 27 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
8 25 (0.22%) vSphere
9 15 (0.13%) KVM
9 15 (0.13%) RACF
10 14 (0.12%) ACF2
11 13 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 13 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.096%) Hyper-V
13 10 (0.087%) Virtual Desktop
14 7 (0.061%) ISA Server
15 5 (0.044%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.044%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 4 (0.035%) LXC
16 4 (0.035%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 1,306 (11.36%) Kubernetes
2 508 (4.42%) Terraform
3 399 (3.47%) Ansible
4 145 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
5 144 (1.25%) Puppet
6 70 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
7 47 (0.41%) Kibana
8 45 (0.39%) Mesos
9 41 (0.36%) BMC PATROL
10 38 (0.33%) Marathon
10 38 (0.33%) Packer
11 36 (0.31%) SCCM
12 35 (0.30%) Grafana
13 26 (0.23%) Prometheus
14 24 (0.21%) Salt
15 21 (0.18%) Oozie
15 21 (0.18%) SELinux
16 19 (0.17%) Rancher
17 18 (0.16%) CA Service Virtualization
17 18 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 813 (7.07%) Microsoft
2 648 (5.64%) Google
3 541 (4.71%) Oracle
4 138 (1.20%) IBM
5 129 (1.12%) Atlassian
6 114 (0.99%) Bloomberg
7 111 (0.97%) SAP
8 95 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
9 92 (0.80%) WorldPay
10 88 (0.77%) Red Hat
11 87 (0.76%) FIS
12 86 (0.75%) Adobe
13 82 (0.71%) Xamarin
14 68 (0.59%) Cloudera
15 64 (0.56%) Apple
16 62 (0.54%) Sage
17 58 (0.50%) VMware
17 58 (0.50%) Zend
18 50 (0.44%) Hortonworks
19 43 (0.37%) Dynatrace