Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 22 26
Rank change year-on-year +2 +4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,384 14,813 13,839
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.16% 8.83% 7.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.03% 9.62% 8.50%
Number of salaries quoted 10,868 11,729 11,155
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 130,407 153,946 162,809
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.10% 91.77% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 102,344 122,604 128,581
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,036 £57,500 +9.52% 2,593
UK excluding London +3 8,671 £50,000 +5.26% 2,045
London +9 5,430 £72,500 +7.41% 803
South East +3 2,726 £50,000 - 515
North of England +7 1,940 £50,000 +11.11% 369
South West +3 1,456 £46,000 - 303
North West +10 1,107 £50,000 +1.01% 203
Scotland +4 861 £47,500 -5.00% 187
Midlands -5 775 £47,500 +5.56% 243
Yorkshire +1 673 £50,000 +11.11% 133
East of England -5 653 £50,000 - 362
West Midlands -3 505 £50,000 +11.11% 165
East Midlands -10 267 £43,000 -4.44% 78
Wales +2 181 £42,500 - 53
North East +2 159 £45,000 - 33
Northern Ireland -4 80 £60,000 +20.00% 17
Isle of Man - 5 £45,000 -
Channel Islands - 1 £52,500 -

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,481 (52.01%) Agile Software Development
2 5,291 (36.78%) Java
3 4,486 (31.19%) C#
4 4,239 (29.47%) JavaScript
5 3,445 (23.95%) Python
6 3,308 (23.00%) .NET
7 3,053 (21.22%) AWS
8 3,005 (20.89%) C++
9 2,889 (20.08%) SQL
10 2,876 (19.99%) DevOps
11 2,860 (19.88%) Degree
12 2,730 (18.98%) Finance
13 2,224 (15.46%) Linux
14 2,201 (15.30%) Computer Science
15 2,188 (15.21%) Microservices
16 2,163 (15.04%) TDD
17 2,052 (14.27%) Docker
18 2,038 (14.17%) Scrum
19 1,989 (13.83%) Git (software)
20 1,988 (13.82%) Azure
21 1,986 (13.81%) HTML
22 1,873 (13.02%) AngularJS
23 1,857 (12.91%) Problem-Solving
24 1,829 (12.72%) Continuous Integration
25 1,798 (12.50%) React
26 1,698 (11.80%) C
27 1,683 (11.70%) CSS
28 1,547 (10.76%) Test Automation
29 1,520 (10.57%) Node.js
30 1,517 (10.55%) Mentoring

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 424 (2.95%) Apache Spark
2 352 (2.45%) Elasticsearch
3 300 (2.09%) Confluence
4 263 (1.83%) Apache
5 202 (1.40%) CMS
6 155 (1.08%) Tomcat
7 117 (0.81%) WebSphere
8 115 (0.80%) JBoss
9 106 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
10 86 (0.60%) IIS
11 84 (0.58%) SharePoint
12 83 (0.58%) SAS
13 81 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 69 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
15 55 (0.38%) OpenStack
16 53 (0.37%) Drupal
17 52 (0.36%) Hyperledger
18 51 (0.35%) Apache Solr
18 51 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
19 44 (0.31%) WebLogic
Applications
1 54 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (0.26%) Simulink
4 32 (0.22%) Sketch
5 25 (0.17%) Photoshop
6 20 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 18 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 16 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 15 (0.10%) EngageOne
10 14 (0.097%) Adobe Illustrator
10 14 (0.097%) Chatbot
10 14 (0.097%) InVision
11 10 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
11 10 (0.070%) Stateflow
12 9 (0.063%) Mathematica
12 9 (0.063%) SPSS
13 8 (0.056%) Figma
13 8 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
14 7 (0.049%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 7 (0.049%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 77 (0.54%) Markit EDM
2 75 (0.52%) thinkFolio
3 74 (0.51%) Front Arena
4 72 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
5 50 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
6 37 (0.26%) Magento
7 23 (0.16%) R3 Corda
8 21 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
9 16 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
10 14 (0.097%) Dynamics CRM
11 12 (0.083%) Summit
12 11 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
12 11 (0.076%) Oracle ERP
13 8 (0.056%) Quorum
14 7 (0.049%) FINCAD Analytics
14 7 (0.049%) MultiChain
15 6 (0.042%) Dynamics AX
15 6 (0.042%) PolarLake
15 6 (0.042%) Teamcenter
16 5 (0.035%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 3,053 (21.22%) AWS
2 1,988 (13.82%) Azure
3 835 (5.81%) GCP
4 614 (4.27%) Serverless
5 577 (4.01%) SaaS
6 494 (3.43%) GitHub
7 439 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
8 368 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
9 359 (2.50%) Amazon S3
10 295 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
11 250 (1.74%) Amazon SQS
12 245 (1.70%) PaaS
13 240 (1.67%) OpenShift
14 193 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
15 167 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
16 143 (0.99%) IaaS
17 119 (0.83%) Power Platform
18 111 (0.77%) Office 365
19 92 (0.64%) npm
20 53 (0.37%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 259 (1.80%) Internet
2 191 (1.33%) TCP/IP
3 181 (1.26%) HTTP
4 135 (0.94%) Firewall
5 93 (0.65%) Wireless
6 84 (0.58%) DNS
7 82 (0.57%) RS-232
8 80 (0.56%) RS-485
9 62 (0.43%) VPN
10 60 (0.42%) Bluetooth
11 58 (0.40%) Network Security
12 53 (0.37%) HTTPS
13 52 (0.36%) Ethernet
14 49 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
15 48 (0.33%) Broadband
16 32 (0.22%) DHCP
16 32 (0.22%) VoIP
17 29 (0.20%) Skype
18 25 (0.17%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
18 25 (0.17%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,478 (10.28%) SQL Server
2 876 (6.09%) NoSQL
3 832 (5.78%) Big Data
4 811 (5.64%) MySQL
5 634 (4.41%) Relational Database
6 609 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
7 603 (4.19%) MongoDB
8 433 (3.01%) Hadoop
9 294 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
10 250 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 227 (1.58%) RDBMS
12 222 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
13 194 (1.35%) Amazon Redshift
14 178 (1.24%) Redis
15 173 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 172 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 170 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 170 (1.18%) Blockchain
18 138 (0.96%) Oracle Database
19 126 (0.88%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,989 (13.83%) Git (software)
2 1,243 (8.64%) Jenkins
3 826 (5.74%) JIRA
4 536 (3.73%) Visual Studio
5 453 (3.15%) Maven
6 423 (2.94%) Selenium
7 285 (1.98%) Subversion
8 280 (1.95%) JUnit
9 253 (1.76%) GitLab
10 237 (1.65%) Bitbucket
11 217 (1.51%) Cucumber
12 205 (1.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 202 (1.40%) Artifactory
14 198 (1.38%) TeamCity
15 190 (1.32%) Team Foundation Server
16 171 (1.19%) Eclipse
16 171 (1.19%) webpack
17 141 (0.98%) Visual Studio Team System
18 129 (0.90%) Gradle
19 121 (0.84%) JMeter
General
1 2,730 (18.98%) Finance
2 1,041 (7.24%) Banking
3 807 (5.61%) Retail
4 525 (3.65%) Front Office
5 457 (3.18%) Marketing
6 422 (2.93%) Electronics
7 384 (2.67%) Games
8 288 (2.00%) Public Sector
8 288 (2.00%) Telecoms
9 226 (1.57%) Manufacturing
10 215 (1.49%) Law
11 210 (1.46%) Aerospace
12 183 (1.27%) Automotive
13 158 (1.10%) Military
14 148 (1.03%) Advertising
15 88 (0.61%) Legal
16 84 (0.58%) German Language
17 83 (0.58%) Spanish Language
18 82 (0.57%) French Language
19 78 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,156 (42.80%) Software Engineer
2 4,627 (32.17%) Developer
3 1,540 (10.71%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,264 (8.79%) Java Developer
5 1,013 (7.04%) Java Engineer
6 1,009 (7.01%) Software Developer
7 890 (6.19%) Java Software Engineer
8 885 (6.15%) Senior Developer
9 863 (6.00%) C# Developer
10 776 (5.39%) .NET Developer
11 668 (4.64%) C# Software Engineer
12 616 (4.28%) C++ Software Engineer
13 572 (3.98%) Junior
14 569 (3.96%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 546 (3.80%) Architect
16 544 (3.78%) Embedded Engineer
17 507 (3.52%) Embedded Software Engineer
18 494 (3.43%) C# .NET Developer
19 484 (3.36%) Graduate
20 478 (3.32%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,308 (23.00%) .NET
2 1,986 (13.81%) HTML
3 1,873 (13.02%) AngularJS
4 1,798 (12.50%) React
5 1,683 (11.70%) CSS
6 1,520 (10.57%) Node.js
7 1,467 (10.20%) Web Services
8 1,316 (9.15%) Spring
9 1,283 (8.92%) ASP.NET
10 1,115 (7.75%) RESTful
11 881 (6.12%) REST
12 725 (5.04%) HTML5
13 641 (4.46%) XML
14 639 (4.44%) Spring Boot
15 583 (4.05%) ASP.NET MVC
16 581 (4.04%) .NET Core
17 574 (3.99%) .NET Framework
18 557 (3.87%) J2EE
19 556 (3.87%) Kafka
20 547 (3.80%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 873 (6.07%) Algorithms
1 873 (6.07%) Greenfield Project
2 831 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
3 772 (5.37%) User Experience
4 503 (3.50%) Fixed Income
5 499 (3.47%) Self-Motivation
6 449 (3.12%) Enterprise Software
7 444 (3.09%) Mobile App
8 443 (3.08%) Derivative
9 333 (2.32%) Hedge funds
10 303 (2.11%) Embedded Systems
10 303 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 299 (2.08%) Robotics
12 290 (2.02%) Data Structures
13 280 (1.95%) Equities
14 246 (1.71%) Cloud Native
15 217 (1.51%) Virtual Team
16 215 (1.49%) Public Cloud
17 180 (1.25%) Management Information System
18 145 (1.01%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,224 (15.46%) Linux
2 1,234 (8.58%) Windows
3 511 (3.55%) Android
4 385 (2.68%) Unix
5 377 (2.62%) Apple iOS
6 100 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
7 92 (0.64%) Windows Server
8 90 (0.63%) CentOS
9 86 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 73 (0.51%) Ubuntu
11 50 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 40 (0.28%) FreeRTOS
12 40 (0.28%) Mac OS X
13 38 (0.26%) Windows 10
14 32 (0.22%) VxWorks
15 28 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
16 26 (0.18%) Debian
17 23 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
18 21 (0.15%) SUSE
18 21 (0.15%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,481 (52.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2,876 (19.99%) DevOps
3 2,201 (15.30%) Computer Science
4 2,188 (15.21%) Microservices
5 2,163 (15.04%) TDD
6 2,038 (14.17%) Scrum
7 1,857 (12.91%) Problem-Solving
8 1,829 (12.72%) Continuous Integration
9 1,547 (10.76%) Test Automation
10 1,517 (10.55%) Mentoring
11 1,515 (10.53%) OO
12 1,335 (9.28%) SDLC
13 1,314 (9.14%) MVC
14 980 (6.81%) Analytics
15 971 (6.75%) Fintech
16 967 (6.72%) Mathematics
17 964 (6.70%) BDD
18 946 (6.58%) Open Source
19 929 (6.46%) Unit Testing
20 927 (6.44%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 5,291 (36.78%) Java
2 4,486 (31.19%) C#
3 4,239 (29.47%) JavaScript
4 3,445 (23.95%) Python
5 3,005 (20.89%) C++
6 2,889 (20.08%) SQL
7 1,698 (11.80%) C
8 705 (4.90%) PHP
9 591 (4.11%) TypeScript
10 582 (4.05%) Ruby
11 535 (3.72%) Java 8
12 496 (3.45%) Scala
13 445 (3.09%) R
14 424 (2.95%) Go
15 319 (2.22%) Bash Shell
16 260 (1.81%) ES6
17 256 (1.78%) PowerShell
18 255 (1.77%) Kotlin
18 255 (1.77%) T-SQL
19 249 (1.73%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 2,860 (19.88%) Degree
2 953 (6.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 669 (4.65%) Security Cleared
4 380 (2.64%) SC Cleared
5 267 (1.86%) DV Cleared
6 210 (1.46%) Numerate Degree
7 182 (1.27%) PhD
8 142 (0.99%) CISSP
9 110 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
10 94 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
11 87 (0.60%) Master's Degree
12 86 (0.60%) AWS Certification
13 83 (0.58%) HND
14 72 (0.50%) CCNA
15 71 (0.49%) CISM
16 52 (0.36%) MCSE
17 49 (0.34%) Network+ Certification
17 49 (0.34%) SANS
18 46 (0.32%) MCP
19 43 (0.30%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 865 (6.01%) QA
2 74 (0.51%) GDPR
3 45 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 40 (0.28%) SLA
5 30 (0.21%) Data Quality
6 29 (0.20%) DICOM
7 28 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 26 (0.18%) MISRA
9 25 (0.17%) NIST
10 24 (0.17%) JSP 440
10 24 (0.17%) PMO
10 24 (0.17%) PSD2
11 23 (0.16%) HMG Infosec
11 23 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 19 (0.13%) IEC 61508
13 16 (0.11%) MISRA C
13 16 (0.11%) PCI DSS
14 15 (0.10%) ISO 26262
15 14 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 14 (0.097%) JTAG
System Software
1 2,052 (14.27%) Docker
2 205 (1.43%) Firmware
3 120 (0.83%) Active Directory
4 61 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 40 (0.28%) VirtualBox
7 38 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 31 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 31 (0.22%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 26 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 21 (0.15%) HDFS
11 20 (0.14%) vSphere
12 15 (0.10%) Apache Flume
13 12 (0.083%) GridGain
13 12 (0.083%) pfSense
13 12 (0.083%) XenApp
13 12 (0.083%) XenDesktop
14 11 (0.076%) Xen
15 10 (0.070%) Cronacle
15 10 (0.070%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 1,420 (9.87%) Kubernetes
2 749 (5.21%) Terraform
3 671 (4.66%) Ansible
4 284 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
5 283 (1.97%) Puppet
6 106 (0.74%) Prometheus
7 76 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
8 61 (0.42%) Rancher
9 60 (0.42%) Kibana
10 57 (0.40%) Grafana
11 53 (0.37%) Nagios
12 37 (0.26%) Mesos
13 32 (0.22%) ZABBIX
14 31 (0.22%) Oozie
14 31 (0.22%) Tivoli
15 29 (0.20%) Salt
16 27 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
17 26 (0.18%) Control-M
18 25 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
19 22 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,348 (9.37%) Microsoft
2 855 (5.94%) Oracle
3 789 (5.49%) Google
4 283 (1.97%) SAP
5 257 (1.79%) Sage
6 166 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
7 156 (1.08%) IBM
8 150 (1.04%) Adobe
9 141 (0.98%) Tableau
10 125 (0.87%) Cloudera
11 123 (0.86%) Splunk
12 114 (0.79%) hybris
13 113 (0.79%) VMware
14 112 (0.78%) Bloomberg
15 100 (0.70%) Reuters
15 100 (0.70%) Sitecore
16 98 (0.68%) Atlassian
17 88 (0.61%) Red Hat
18 87 (0.60%) Charles River
19 86 (0.60%) WorldPay