Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK

The table below provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. It includes a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months leading up to 21 July 2024, comparing them to the same period in the previous two years.

6 months to
21 Jul 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 455 476 456
Rank change year-on-year +21 -20 -26
Permanent jobs citing PhD 491 470 1,396
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.51% 0.57% 0.79%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.94% 1.69% 2.82%
Number of salaries quoted 251 243 380
10th Percentile £34,750 £38,000 £40,853
25th Percentile £50,000 £48,750 £53,688
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +7.14% +16.67%
75th Percentile £93,750 £100,000 £101,250
90th Percentile £115,000 £130,000 £132,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,843
% change year-on-year - +7.45% +11.69%

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK

PhD falls under the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. For comparison with the information above, the following table provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications.

Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 25,276 27,846 49,472
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 26.39% 33.57% 27.88%
Number of salaries quoted 14,597 13,988 20,226
10th Percentile £30,000 £32,083 £30,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £76,250 £73,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £95,000 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £48,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +8.25% +1.04%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 21 July 2024.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +26 404 £70,000 -6.67% 143
UK excluding London -52 307 £60,000 - 117
London +102 176 £100,000 +19.40% 52
Work from Home +88 141 £70,000 -12.50% 192
South East +24 135 £58,000 +5.45% 40
Scotland +1 63 £100,000 - 4
East of England -72 32 £75,000 -11.76% 17
North of England +25 31 £80,000 +54.14% 26
Northern Ireland +33 16 - -
North West +6 16 £80,000 +54.14% 22
South West -27 16 £77,500 +3.33% 6
Yorkshire +42 11 £37,500 - 3
Midlands -25 11 £55,000 +69.23% 16
West Midlands -10 9 £55,000 - 10
North East - 4 £55,000 - 1
Wales -8 3 £100,000 +100.00% 12
East Midlands -30 2 £32,500 - 6

PhD
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (2.24%) Apache Spark
2 7 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
3 3 (0.61%) Apache
4 2 (0.41%) SAS
5 1 (0.20%) Confluence
5 1 (0.20%) Luigi
Applications
1 5 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.81%) Simulink
2 4 (0.81%) Stateflow
3 1 (0.20%) Blender
3 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 14 (2.85%) Ripple
2 2 (0.41%) Oracle Payroll
Cloud Services
1 39 (7.94%) AWS
2 31 (6.31%) Azure
2 31 (6.31%) Figma
2 31 (6.31%) SurveyMonkey
3 21 (4.28%) Cloud Computing
4 13 (2.65%) Power Platform
5 12 (2.44%) GCP
6 5 (1.02%) GitHub
7 4 (0.81%) Google Gemini
7 4 (0.81%) SaaS
8 3 (0.61%) Azure DevOps
9 2 (0.41%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 2 (0.41%) Azure Machine Learning
9 2 (0.41%) Azure Monitor
9 2 (0.41%) Dagster
9 2 (0.41%) Microsoft 365
9 2 (0.41%) OCI
9 2 (0.41%) WhatsApp
10 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Copilot
10 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Purview
Communications & Networking
1 16 (3.26%) Internet
1 16 (3.26%) TCP/IP
2 13 (2.65%) HTTP
3 11 (2.24%) MQTT
4 3 (0.61%) Software-Defined Radio
4 3 (0.61%) Wireless
5 2 (0.41%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (3.46%) Big Data
2 13 (2.65%) NoSQL
2 13 (2.65%) Power BI
3 10 (2.04%) Hadoop
4 9 (1.83%) Tableau
5 5 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (1.02%) SQL Server
6 4 (0.81%) Data Mining
7 3 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (0.61%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.41%) BigQuery
8 2 (0.41%) MongoDB
8 2 (0.41%) Neo4j
8 2 (0.41%) Redis
8 2 (0.41%) Text Mining
9 1 (0.20%) Amazon Athena
9 1 (0.20%) Amazon Redshift
9 1 (0.20%) Bigtable
9 1 (0.20%) Metadata
9 1 (0.20%) RethinkDB
Development Applications
1 23 (4.68%) Git
2 7 (1.43%) Jenkins
3 6 (1.22%) GitLab
3 6 (1.22%) JIRA
4 5 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
5 3 (0.61%) CMake
5 3 (0.61%) JUnit
5 3 (0.61%) TestRail
6 2 (0.41%) GDB
6 2 (0.41%) IntelliJ
6 2 (0.41%) MLflow
6 2 (0.41%) Mocha
6 2 (0.41%) Mockito
6 2 (0.41%) Snakemake
7 1 (0.20%) CircleCI
7 1 (0.20%) GoogleTest
7 1 (0.20%) TensorBoard
General
1 180 (36.66%) Social Skills
2 110 (22.40%) Analytical Skills
3 102 (20.77%) Finance
4 76 (15.48%) Law
5 71 (14.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 65 (13.24%) Pharmaceutical
7 58 (11.81%) Marketing
8 39 (7.94%) Social Science
9 19 (3.87%) Electronics
10 18 (3.67%) Legal
11 15 (3.05%) Financial Institution
12 11 (2.24%) Aerospace
13 8 (1.63%) Humanities
14 7 (1.43%) Banking
14 7 (1.43%) Health Technology
15 6 (1.22%) Retail
16 5 (1.02%) Automotive
16 5 (1.02%) Games
16 5 (1.02%) Public Sector
16 5 (1.02%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 125 (25.46%) Senior
2 81 (16.50%) Software Engineer
3 63 (12.83%) Data Scientist
4 62 (12.63%) Developer
5 52 (10.59%) Analyst
6 50 (10.18%) Senior Data Scientist
7 43 (8.76%) Lead
8 28 (5.70%) Senior Software Engineer
9 21 (4.28%) Graduate
9 21 (4.28%) Software Developer
10 20 (4.07%) Architect
11 17 (3.46%) Quantitative Developer
12 16 (3.26%) Senior Developer
13 15 (3.05%) Qualitative Analyst
13 15 (3.05%) Quantitative Analyst
14 12 (2.44%) Graduate Software Engineer
14 12 (2.44%) Java Developer
14 12 (2.44%) Physicist
15 11 (2.24%) Software Architect
15 11 (2.24%) User Experience Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (9.16%) PyTorch
2 39 (7.94%) TensorFlow
3 21 (4.28%) Kafka
4 16 (3.26%) Web Services
5 15 (3.05%) .NET
5 15 (3.05%) NumPy
5 15 (3.05%) RESTful
6 14 (2.85%) AngularJS
6 14 (2.85%) Node.js
6 14 (2.85%) OpenMP
6 14 (2.85%) scikit-learn
7 11 (2.24%) RabbitMQ
8 10 (2.04%) REST
9 9 (1.83%) OpenCV
10 8 (1.63%) Keras
10 8 (1.63%) Pandas
11 6 (1.22%) OpenACC
11 6 (1.22%) SciPy
12 5 (1.02%) FFmpeg
12 5 (1.02%) QML
Miscellaneous
1 202 (41.14%) Algorithms
2 57 (11.61%) Life Science
3 27 (5.50%) Market Risk
4 23 (4.68%) CUDA
5 20 (4.07%) Blockchain
5 20 (4.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 20 (4.07%) FPGA
6 18 (3.67%) Data Structures
6 18 (3.67%) VHDL
7 17 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (3.26%) Analytical Mindset
9 14 (2.85%) Embedded Systems
9 14 (2.85%) IoT
10 13 (2.65%) Client/Server
10 13 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
11 12 (2.44%) Distributed Systems
12 11 (2.24%) Product Ownership
13 10 (2.04%) Analogue Electronics
14 9 (1.83%) Taxonomies
15 8 (1.63%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 80 (16.29%) Linux
2 47 (9.57%) Unix
3 7 (1.43%) Windows
4 5 (1.02%) Embedded Linux
5 1 (0.20%) Android
5 1 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (54.18%) Computer Science
2 189 (38.49%) Mathematics
3 166 (33.81%) Software Engineering
4 139 (28.31%) Machine Learning
4 139 (28.31%) Physics
5 136 (27.70%) Data Science
6 122 (24.85%) Statistics
7 116 (23.63%) Problem-Solving
8 110 (22.40%) Artificial Intelligence
9 98 (19.96%) Analytics
10 67 (13.65%) Visualisation
11 66 (13.44%) Data Visualisation
12 57 (11.61%) Fintech
13 55 (11.20%) Data Modelling
14 53 (10.79%) Decision-Making
15 52 (10.59%) Deep Learning
16 51 (10.39%) Biotechnology
16 51 (10.39%) Open Source
16 51 (10.39%) Psychology
17 48 (9.78%) Agile
Programming Languages
1 255 (51.93%) Python
2 111 (22.61%) C++
3 92 (18.74%) C
4 77 (15.68%) Java
5 74 (15.07%) R
6 66 (13.44%) SQL
7 59 (12.02%) Fortran
8 52 (10.59%) C#
9 46 (9.37%) Bash
10 29 (5.91%) MATLAB
11 17 (3.46%) JavaScript
12 8 (1.63%) TypeScript
13 7 (1.43%) Rust
14 6 (1.22%) Perl
15 4 (0.81%) C-shell
15 4 (0.81%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.81%) VB
16 3 (0.61%) AWK
16 3 (0.61%) Go
16 3 (0.61%) sed
Qualifications
1 484 (98.57%) Degree
2 362 (73.73%) Master's Degree
3 77 (15.68%) Security Cleared
4 45 (9.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (4.28%) SC Cleared
6 10 (2.04%) DV Cleared
6 10 (2.04%) MBA
7 9 (1.83%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.41%) CREST Certified
9 2 (0.41%) OSCE
9 2 (0.41%) OSCP
10 1 (0.20%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.20%) Azure Certification
10 1 (0.20%) CCNA
10 1 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.20%) CompTIA Security+
10 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.20%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.20%) RIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (5.50%) QA
2 12 (2.44%) Data Quality
3 10 (2.04%) GDPR
4 9 (1.83%) Accessibility
4 9 (1.83%) California Consumer Privacy Act
5 2 (0.41%) DO-254
5 2 (0.41%) GLP
5 2 (0.41%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 23 (4.68%) Docker
2 9 (1.83%) Firmware
3 2 (0.41%) IAG
3 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (6.11%) Kubernetes
2 6 (1.22%) Kubeflow
2 6 (1.22%) Terraform
3 3 (0.61%) Ansible
3 3 (0.61%) Argo
4 1 (0.20%) Core Impact
Vendors
1 51 (10.39%) Microsoft
2 31 (6.31%) Qualtrics
3 16 (3.26%) Google
4 10 (2.04%) ANSYS
5 8 (1.63%) OpenAI
6 6 (1.22%) Databricks
7 4 (0.81%) NVIDIA
8 2 (0.41%) Actel
8 2 (0.41%) Altera
8 2 (0.41%) Intel
8 2 (0.41%) Mentor Graphics
8 2 (0.41%) Microsemi
8 2 (0.41%) Oracle
8 2 (0.41%) SAP
8 2 (0.41%) Xilinx
9 1 (0.20%) IBM
9 1 (0.20%) Keysight
9 1 (0.20%) Qubit
9 1 (0.20%) Thales