Period
to 22 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK
6 months to
22 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 349 373 485
Rank change year-on-year +24 +112 +136
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1,538 1,399 1,263
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.90% 0.83% 0.63%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.80% 3.32% 2.27%
Number of salaries quoted 1,359 1,253 1,187
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £32,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £115,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 40,526 42,100 55,687
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.60% 24.91% 27.72%
Number of salaries quoted 30,728 33,025 44,706
UK median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.89% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,898 £42,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +6.90% -1.18% +6.25%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,501 £55,000 - 255
UK excluding London +45 849 £50,000 +17.65% 164
London -14 690 £70,000 - 95
East of England +2 318 £40,500 +1.25% 75
South East +99 314 £50,000 +21.21% 39
South West -29 74 £55,000 - 17
Midlands +18 65 £55,000 +37.50% 11
West Midlands +38 62 £55,000 +37.50% 9
North of England -62 47 £47,500 -5.00% 19
North West -39 34 £50,000 - 10
Scotland -25 20 £40,000 -38.93% 3
Yorkshire +31 12 £40,000 -3.03% 8
Wales +13 6 £51,250 +57.69%
Northern Ireland - 5 £45,000 - 1
East Midlands -33 3 £40,000 +6.67% 2
North East -23 1 £44,500 -62.92% 1

For the 6 months to 22 May 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 971 (63.13%) Python
2 844 (54.88%) Machine Learning
3 717 (46.62%) C++
4 702 (45.64%) Mathematics
5 643 (41.81%) Computer Science
6 624 (40.57%) Data Science
7 563 (36.61%) Algorithms
8 535 (34.79%) Java
9 516 (33.55%) Degree
10 470 (30.56%) Artificial Intelligence
11 434 (28.22%) Software Engineering
12 420 (27.31%) Physics
13 388 (25.23%) Analytics
14 364 (23.67%) R
15 336 (21.85%) Deep Learning
16 328 (21.33%) Big Data
17 287 (18.66%) Statistics
18 282 (18.34%) C
19 256 (16.64%) Natural Language Processing
20 253 (16.45%) MATLAB
21 227 (14.76%) SQL
22 218 (14.17%) Finance
23 210 (13.65%) C#
24 198 (12.87%) Neural Network
25 191 (12.42%) TensorFlow
26 183 (11.90%) Agile Software Development
27 174 (11.31%) Apache Spark
28 168 (10.92%) Problem-Solving
29 161 (10.47%) Bayesian Methods
30 159 (10.34%) Linux

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 174 (11.31%) Apache Spark
2 61 (3.97%) SAS
3 29 (1.89%) Apache
4 25 (1.63%) Apache Pig
5 19 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
6 13 (0.85%) DNN
7 11 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 10 (0.65%) Ethereum
9 7 (0.46%) Apache Solr
9 7 (0.46%) Hyperledger
10 6 (0.39%) Luigi
11 5 (0.33%) BizTalk Server
11 5 (0.33%) Confluence
12 4 (0.26%) CMS
13 2 (0.13%) Jupyter
14 1 (0.065%) Apache Airflow
14 1 (0.065%) SharePoint
Applications
1 28 (1.82%) SPSS
2 22 (1.43%) GNU Octave
2 22 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.85%) Stata
4 12 (0.78%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.72%) Zemax
6 10 (0.65%) Weka
7 8 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
8 5 (0.33%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.26%) Mathematica
9 4 (0.26%) SOLIDWORKS
10 3 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.20%) Simulink
11 2 (0.13%) Abaqus
11 2 (0.13%) NASTRAN
11 2 (0.13%) PTC Creo
12 1 (0.065%) Maya
12 1 (0.065%) MotionBuilder
12 1 (0.065%) Siemens NX
12 1 (0.065%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 3 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.13%) Misys Midas
3 1 (0.065%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 112 (7.28%) Amazon AWS
2 61 (3.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
3 19 (1.24%) Google Cloud Platform
4 10 (0.65%) GitHub
5 6 (0.39%) SaaS
6 5 (0.33%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (0.33%) Amazon Kinesis
6 5 (0.33%) Amazon S3
6 5 (0.33%) Google Analytics
7 4 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
7 4 (0.26%) G Suite
8 2 (0.13%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.13%) Serverless
9 1 (0.065%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.065%) Amazon EMR
9 1 (0.065%) Azure Machine Learning
9 1 (0.065%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.82%) Internet
2 13 (0.85%) Network Security
3 9 (0.59%) Wireless
4 8 (0.52%) Firewall
5 6 (0.39%) SMS
6 5 (0.33%) 3GPP
6 5 (0.33%) LTE
6 5 (0.33%) UMTS
6 5 (0.33%) WCDMA
7 4 (0.26%) ADSL
7 4 (0.26%) Cisco ASA
7 4 (0.26%) DHCP
7 4 (0.26%) DMZ
7 4 (0.26%) DNS
7 4 (0.26%) DSL
7 4 (0.26%) LAN
7 4 (0.26%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.26%) VoIP
7 4 (0.26%) VPN
8 3 (0.20%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 328 (21.33%) Big Data
2 124 (8.06%) Hadoop
3 105 (6.83%) NoSQL
4 78 (5.07%) Blockchain
5 77 (5.01%) Data Mining
6 60 (3.90%) Relational Database
7 48 (3.12%) Apache Hive
8 42 (2.73%) MongoDB
9 34 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
10 30 (1.95%) MySQL
11 24 (1.56%) HBase
12 23 (1.50%) Impala
13 19 (1.24%) Flink
14 18 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
15 16 (1.04%) Hazelcast
16 14 (0.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 14 (0.91%) Power BI
17 13 (0.85%) QlikView
18 12 (0.78%) PostgreSQL
19 11 (0.72%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 36 (2.34%) LabVIEW
2 33 (2.15%) Git (software)
3 12 (0.78%) Jenkins
3 12 (0.78%) Visual Studio
4 11 (0.72%) Subversion
5 9 (0.59%) JIRA
6 7 (0.46%) Maven
7 5 (0.33%) Axure RP
7 5 (0.33%) JUnit
8 4 (0.26%) Gradle
8 4 (0.26%) Spinnaker
8 4 (0.26%) Travis CI
9 3 (0.20%) Eclipse
9 3 (0.20%) gulp
9 3 (0.20%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 2 (0.13%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.13%) TestNG
11 1 (0.065%) Cucumber
11 1 (0.065%) Selenium
11 1 (0.065%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 218 (14.17%) Finance
2 78 (5.07%) Games
3 72 (4.68%) Banking
4 66 (4.29%) Marketing
5 62 (4.03%) Electronics
5 62 (4.03%) Telecoms
6 34 (2.21%) Manufacturing
7 33 (2.15%) Front Office
8 32 (2.08%) Investment Banking
8 32 (2.08%) Retail
9 26 (1.69%) Financial Institution
10 25 (1.63%) Pharmaceutical
11 23 (1.50%) Advertising
12 21 (1.37%) Publishing
13 14 (0.91%) Law
14 13 (0.85%) Automotive
14 13 (0.85%) Legal
15 7 (0.46%) Aerospace
16 5 (0.33%) Back Office
17 4 (0.26%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 390 (25.36%) Data Scientist
2 278 (18.08%) Developer
3 253 (16.45%) Software Engineer
4 128 (8.32%) Graduate
5 120 (7.80%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 97 (6.31%) Software Developer
7 96 (6.24%) Analyst
7 96 (6.24%) Senior Data Scientist
8 76 (4.94%) C++ Developer
8 76 (4.94%) C++ Software Engineer
9 67 (4.36%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 64 (4.16%) Java Developer
11 59 (3.84%) Computer Engineer
11 59 (3.84%) Research Engineer
12 56 (3.64%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 53 (3.45%) Graduate Software Engineer
14 52 (3.38%) Computer Vision Engineer
15 48 (3.12%) Machine Learning Researcher
16 45 (2.93%) Junior
16 45 (2.93%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (16.64%) Natural Language Processing
2 191 (12.42%) TensorFlow
3 74 (4.81%) NumPy
4 69 (4.49%) .NET
5 63 (4.10%) scikit-learn
6 53 (3.45%) XML
7 51 (3.32%) Pandas
8 48 (3.12%) HTML
8 48 (3.12%) Web Services
9 44 (2.86%) CSS
10 42 (2.73%) Node.js
11 41 (2.67%) SciPy
12 39 (2.54%) Kafka
12 39 (2.54%) Keras
13 37 (2.41%) STL
14 35 (2.28%) React
14 35 (2.28%) REST
15 31 (2.02%) Ajax
16 29 (1.89%) Theano
17 26 (1.69%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 643 (41.81%) Computer Science
2 563 (36.61%) Algorithms
3 154 (10.01%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (4.62%) Fintech
5 70 (4.55%) Data Structures
6 64 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
7 48 (3.12%) CUDA
8 44 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
9 36 (2.34%) Hedge funds
10 33 (2.15%) Smart City
11 30 (1.95%) User Experience
12 29 (1.89%) Equities
13 26 (1.69%) Social Media
14 25 (1.63%) Bitcoin
14 25 (1.63%) Mobile App
14 25 (1.63%) Robotics
15 20 (1.30%) Derivative
15 20 (1.30%) Optoelectronics
16 18 (1.17%) Acoustics
16 18 (1.17%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 159 (10.34%) Linux
2 61 (3.97%) Windows
3 24 (1.56%) Unix
4 16 (1.04%) Robot Operating System
5 8 (0.52%) Android
6 4 (0.26%) CoreOS
6 4 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
6 4 (0.26%) Windows 10
6 4 (0.26%) Windows Server
6 4 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
6 4 (0.26%) Windows XP
7 3 (0.20%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.20%) CentOS
7 3 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.065%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 844 (54.88%) Machine Learning
2 702 (45.64%) Mathematics
3 624 (40.57%) Data Science
4 470 (30.56%) Artificial Intelligence
5 434 (28.22%) Software Engineering
6 420 (27.31%) Physics
7 388 (25.23%) Analytics
8 336 (21.85%) Deep Learning
9 287 (18.66%) Statistics
10 198 (12.87%) Neural Network
11 183 (11.90%) Agile Software Development
12 168 (10.92%) Problem-Solving
13 161 (10.47%) Bayesian Methods
14 153 (9.95%) Computer Vision
14 153 (9.95%) Data Analysis
15 135 (8.78%) Multithreading
16 114 (7.41%) Reinforcement Learning
17 107 (6.96%) Visualisation
18 104 (6.76%) Data Analytics
18 104 (6.76%) Signal Processing
Programming Languages
1 971 (63.13%) Python
2 717 (46.62%) C++
3 535 (34.79%) Java
4 364 (23.67%) R
5 282 (18.34%) C
6 253 (16.45%) MATLAB
7 227 (14.76%) SQL
8 210 (13.65%) C#
9 131 (8.52%) JavaScript
10 124 (8.06%) Scala
11 36 (2.34%) Go
12 25 (1.63%) Java 8
13 22 (1.43%) Fortran
14 20 (1.30%) Ruby
15 15 (0.98%) Julia
15 15 (0.98%) VBA
16 14 (0.91%) Kotlin
16 14 (0.91%) Shell Script
17 11 (0.72%) F#
17 11 (0.72%) Perl
Qualifications
1 516 (33.55%) Degree
2 95 (6.18%) Master's Degree
3 73 (4.75%) Computer Science Degree
4 66 (4.29%) Numerate Degree
5 17 (1.11%) Security Cleared
6 13 (0.85%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.46%) Postgraduate
8 5 (0.33%) PMI Certification
8 5 (0.33%) SC Cleared
9 4 (0.26%) MBA
10 2 (0.13%) HNC
10 2 (0.13%) HND
10 2 (0.13%) PMP
11 1 (0.065%) A+ Certification
11 1 (0.065%) Chartered Engineer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.60%) QA
2 11 (0.72%) MiFID
3 9 (0.59%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.59%) Dodd-Frank
3 9 (0.59%) EMIR
4 7 (0.46%) Actionable Recommendations
4 7 (0.46%) GDPR
5 5 (0.33%) GCP
6 1 (0.065%) Val IT
System Software
1 30 (1.95%) Docker
2 14 (0.91%) Apache Flume
3 4 (0.26%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.20%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 20 (1.30%) Kubernetes
2 6 (0.39%) Terraform
3 4 (0.26%) Backup Exec
3 4 (0.26%) Fluentd
3 4 (0.26%) Grafana
3 4 (0.26%) logstash
3 4 (0.26%) Prometheus
3 4 (0.26%) Rancher
4 3 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
4 3 (0.20%) Oozie
4 3 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.13%) Ansible
5 2 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.13%) Puppet
6 1 (0.065%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 70 (4.55%) Google
2 44 (2.86%) Tableau
3 36 (2.34%) Microsoft
4 19 (1.24%) Twitter
5 17 (1.11%) NVIDIA
6 12 (0.78%) Capita
6 12 (0.78%) Cloudera
7 11 (0.72%) Hortonworks
7 11 (0.72%) MapR
8 8 (0.52%) Oracle
9 7 (0.46%) Facebook
9 7 (0.46%) SAP
10 5 (0.33%) Cadence
10 5 (0.33%) Synopsys
10 5 (0.33%) Xilinx
11 4 (0.26%) Cisco
11 4 (0.26%) HP
11 4 (0.26%) IBM
11 4 (0.26%) Teradata
11 4 (0.26%) Veeam