Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 344 414 507
Rank change year-on-year +70 +93 +93
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1,543 1,253 1,172
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 0.72% 0.56%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.72% 2.84% 2.01%
Number of salaries quoted 1,360 1,082 1,022
UK median annual salary £55,000 £56,500 £52,750
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.65% +7.11% +11.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,289 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £115,000 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +8.43% +3.75%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 41,466 44,083 58,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.62% 25.42% 27.69%
Number of salaries quoted 32,170 34,886 46,558
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,500

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 1,501 £55,000 -2.65% 236
UK excluding London +163 909 £50,000 +11.11% 142
London -35 633 £70,000 - 101
East of England +81 404 £50,000 +25.00% 58
South East +117 271 £50,000 +5.26% 32
South West +26 95 £55,000 +4.76% 8
Midlands +35 57 £35,250 -11.88% 26
North of England -26 47 £52,500 +5.00% 11
West Midlands +27 41 £40,000 - 23
North West -32 35 £52,500 +5.00% 7
Scotland -10 32 £45,000 -18.18% 5
East Midlands +11 16 £30,000 -25.00% 3
Yorkshire +25 12 £52,500 +50.00% 3
Wales - 3 £95,000 - 2
Northern Ireland - 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 948 (61.44%) Python
2 834 (54.05%) Machine Learning
3 690 (44.72%) Mathematics
4 649 (42.06%) C++
5 639 (41.41%) Algorithms
6 593 (38.43%) Data Science
7 589 (38.17%) Computer Science
8 529 (34.28%) Degree
9 488 (31.63%) Java
10 453 (29.36%) Physics
11 413 (26.77%) Software Engineering
12 389 (25.21%) R
13 324 (21.00%) Statistics
14 312 (20.22%) Deep Learning
15 306 (19.83%) Analytics
16 304 (19.70%) Big Data
17 300 (19.44%) Artificial Intelligence
18 276 (17.89%) MATLAB
19 268 (17.37%) Finance
20 266 (17.24%) SQL
21 236 (15.29%) C
22 225 (14.58%) C#
23 213 (13.80%) Natural Language Processing
24 200 (12.96%) Neural Network
25 191 (12.38%) Agile Software Development
26 181 (11.73%) Linux
26 181 (11.73%) TensorFlow
27 174 (11.28%) Apache Spark
28 161 (10.43%) Data Analysis
29 155 (10.05%) Analytical Skills

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 174 (11.28%) Apache Spark
2 72 (4.67%) SAS
3 23 (1.49%) DNN
4 21 (1.36%) Apache
4 21 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (1.10%) Apache Pig
6 8 (0.52%) Luigi
7 7 (0.45%) Apache Solr
8 6 (0.39%) OpenStack
8 6 (0.39%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
9 5 (0.32%) Confluence
9 5 (0.32%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.19%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.13%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.13%) Hyperledger
12 1 (0.065%) IIS
12 1 (0.065%) nginx
12 1 (0.065%) SharePoint
Applications
1 27 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.62%) SPSS
3 16 (1.04%) Zemax
4 15 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.97%) Stata
5 11 (0.71%) Mathematica
5 11 (0.71%) Weka
6 9 (0.58%) GNU Octave
7 8 (0.52%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.45%) SOLIDWORKS
9 5 (0.32%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.19%) Abaqus
10 3 (0.19%) Maple
10 3 (0.19%) Simulink
11 2 (0.13%) NASTRAN
11 2 (0.13%) PTC Creo
12 1 (0.065%) Maya
12 1 (0.065%) Siemens NX
12 1 (0.065%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 2 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.065%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 132 (8.55%) Amazon AWS
2 68 (4.41%) Microsoft Azure
3 27 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
4 26 (1.69%) GitHub
5 20 (1.30%) SaaS
6 18 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (0.65%) G Suite
8 8 (0.52%) Azure Machine Learning
9 6 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (0.39%) Amazon S3
9 6 (0.39%) Google Analytics
9 6 (0.39%) Google Compute Engine
10 5 (0.32%) Amazon Kinesis
11 4 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
12 2 (0.13%) Amazon EMR
13 1 (0.065%) Adobe Analytics
13 1 (0.065%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 1 (0.065%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.065%) Heroku
13 1 (0.065%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.43%) TCP/IP
2 15 (0.97%) Internet
3 13 (0.84%) Ethernet
4 12 (0.78%) Network Security
5 11 (0.71%) Firewall
5 11 (0.71%) Wireless
6 10 (0.65%) ADSL
6 10 (0.65%) Cisco ASA
6 10 (0.65%) DHCP
6 10 (0.65%) DNS
6 10 (0.65%) DSL
6 10 (0.65%) LAN
6 10 (0.65%) VoIP
6 10 (0.65%) VPN
7 7 (0.45%) LTE
7 7 (0.45%) SAN
8 6 (0.39%) InfiniBand
9 5 (0.32%) 3GPP
9 5 (0.32%) UMTS
9 5 (0.32%) WCDMA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 304 (19.70%) Big Data
2 130 (8.43%) Hadoop
3 89 (5.77%) NoSQL
4 87 (5.64%) Data Mining
5 47 (3.05%) Apache Hive
6 40 (2.59%) MongoDB
7 38 (2.46%) Apache Cassandra
8 28 (1.81%) Relational Database
9 26 (1.69%) Flink
10 20 (1.30%) HBase
11 19 (1.23%) SQL Server
12 17 (1.10%) Impala
13 16 (1.04%) Amazon Redshift
13 16 (1.04%) Blockchain
14 14 (0.91%) Power BI
15 13 (0.84%) PostgreSQL
16 12 (0.78%) QlikView
17 9 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
17 9 (0.58%) MySQL
18 8 (0.52%) KDB
Development Applications
1 85 (5.51%) Git (software)
2 41 (2.66%) LabVIEW
3 37 (2.40%) Visual Studio
4 22 (1.43%) Jenkins
5 13 (0.84%) Subversion
6 10 (0.65%) gulp
7 8 (0.52%) JIRA
7 8 (0.52%) Mercurial
8 5 (0.32%) Axure RP
8 5 (0.32%) Bower
8 5 (0.32%) Grunt
9 4 (0.26%) Maven
9 4 (0.26%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 3 (0.19%) Travis CI
11 2 (0.13%) Bitbucket
11 2 (0.13%) JUnit
11 2 (0.13%) Team Foundation Server
12 1 (0.065%) Codeship
12 1 (0.065%) GitLab
12 1 (0.065%) TestNG
General
1 268 (17.37%) Finance
2 93 (6.03%) Electronics
3 77 (4.99%) Banking
4 74 (4.80%) Marketing
5 71 (4.60%) Telecoms
6 61 (3.95%) Games
7 35 (2.27%) Retail
8 32 (2.07%) Financial Institution
9 28 (1.81%) Investment Banking
9 28 (1.81%) Manufacturing
10 27 (1.75%) Front Office
11 26 (1.69%) Pharmaceutical
12 20 (1.30%) Publishing
13 17 (1.10%) Advertising
13 17 (1.10%) Legal
14 13 (0.84%) Automotive
15 11 (0.71%) Law
16 7 (0.45%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.39%) Aerospace
18 5 (0.32%) Military
Job Titles
1 415 (26.90%) Data Scientist
2 312 (20.22%) Developer
3 237 (15.36%) Software Engineer
4 105 (6.80%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 100 (6.48%) Machine Learning Scientist
6 93 (6.03%) C++ Software Engineer
7 85 (5.51%) Software Developer
8 82 (5.31%) Senior Data Scientist
9 81 (5.25%) Graduate
10 78 (5.06%) Analyst
11 76 (4.93%) C++ Developer
12 65 (4.21%) Senior Developer
13 63 (4.08%) Machine Learning Researcher
14 61 (3.95%) Research Engineer
15 55 (3.56%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 55 (3.56%) Python Developer
16 52 (3.37%) Research Scientist
17 49 (3.18%) Computer Engineer
18 48 (3.11%) Java Developer
19 47 (3.05%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (13.80%) Natural Language Processing
2 181 (11.73%) TensorFlow
3 83 (5.38%) .NET
4 80 (5.18%) HTML
5 75 (4.86%) CSS
6 65 (4.21%) scikit-learn
7 58 (3.76%) NumPy
8 57 (3.69%) Theano
9 45 (2.92%) Pandas
10 42 (2.72%) HTML5
10 42 (2.72%) Node.js
10 42 (2.72%) OpenGL
11 41 (2.66%) Web Services
12 40 (2.59%) Qt
13 38 (2.46%) React
14 36 (2.33%) AngularJS
14 36 (2.33%) MFC
14 36 (2.33%) WinForms
15 35 (2.27%) CSS3
16 33 (2.14%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 639 (41.41%) Algorithms
2 589 (38.17%) Computer Science
3 155 (10.05%) Analytical Skills
4 75 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
5 73 (4.73%) CUDA
6 63 (4.08%) Fintech
7 60 (3.89%) Data Structures
8 44 (2.85%) Robotics
8 44 (2.85%) Smart City
9 40 (2.59%) Hedge funds
10 32 (2.07%) Social Media
11 31 (2.01%) Acoustics
12 30 (1.94%) User Experience
13 25 (1.62%) Mobile App
14 23 (1.49%) Java Card
15 22 (1.43%) Optoelectronics
16 18 (1.17%) Equities
17 17 (1.10%) Credit Risk
17 17 (1.10%) Life Science
18 14 (0.91%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 181 (11.73%) Linux
2 87 (5.64%) Windows
3 41 (2.66%) Unix
4 16 (1.04%) Robot Operating System
5 14 (0.91%) Android
6 12 (0.78%) Windows 10
7 11 (0.71%) Embedded Linux
7 11 (0.71%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
8 10 (0.65%) Windows XP
9 5 (0.32%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.26%) CentOS
11 3 (0.19%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.19%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.13%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 834 (54.05%) Machine Learning
2 690 (44.72%) Mathematics
3 593 (38.43%) Data Science
4 453 (29.36%) Physics
5 413 (26.77%) Software Engineering
6 324 (21.00%) Statistics
7 312 (20.22%) Deep Learning
8 306 (19.83%) Analytics
9 300 (19.44%) Artificial Intelligence
10 200 (12.96%) Neural Network
11 191 (12.38%) Agile Software Development
12 161 (10.43%) Data Analysis
13 152 (9.85%) Multithreading
14 140 (9.07%) Computer Vision
15 133 (8.62%) Bayesian Methods
16 108 (7.00%) Reinforcement Learning
17 96 (6.22%) Distributed Algorithms
18 95 (6.16%) Visualisation
19 90 (5.83%) OO
20 86 (5.57%) Signal Processing
Programming Languages
1 948 (61.44%) Python
2 649 (42.06%) C++
3 488 (31.63%) Java
4 389 (25.21%) R
5 276 (17.89%) MATLAB
6 266 (17.24%) SQL
7 236 (15.29%) C
8 225 (14.58%) C#
9 139 (9.01%) Scala
10 136 (8.81%) JavaScript
11 60 (3.89%) Julia
12 30 (1.94%) Ruby
13 27 (1.75%) Go
14 24 (1.56%) Fortran
15 23 (1.49%) F#
16 20 (1.30%) VBA
17 19 (1.23%) Perl
18 13 (0.84%) Shell Script
19 11 (0.71%) PHP
20 10 (0.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 529 (34.28%) Degree
2 92 (5.96%) Master's Degree
3 45 (2.92%) Computer Science Degree
4 38 (2.46%) Numerate Degree
5 26 (1.69%) Security Cleared
6 15 (0.97%) Postgraduate
7 11 (0.71%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.52%) SC Cleared
9 5 (0.32%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.19%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 3 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.19%) GIAC
11 2 (0.13%) HNC
11 2 (0.13%) HND
11 2 (0.13%) MBA
11 2 (0.13%) PMP
12 1 (0.065%) A+ Certification
12 1 (0.065%) OSCP
12 1 (0.065%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (1.36%) QA
2 13 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.58%) Actionable Recommendations
4 6 (0.39%) GDPR
5 4 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.26%) EMIR
5 4 (0.26%) MiFID
6 2 (0.13%) IFRS
6 2 (0.13%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.065%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.065%) Val IT
System Software
1 27 (1.75%) Docker
2 10 (0.65%) Active Directory
2 10 (0.65%) Apache Flume
3 6 (0.39%) Ceph
3 6 (0.39%) GPFS
3 6 (0.39%) Slurm Workload Manager
4 5 (0.32%) XenServer
5 2 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.13%) HDFS
6 1 (0.065%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 12 (0.78%) Kubernetes
2 10 (0.65%) Ansible
2 10 (0.65%) Backup Exec
3 9 (0.58%) Grafana
3 9 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (0.52%) Puppet
5 6 (0.39%) Icinga
6 5 (0.32%) Terraform
6 5 (0.32%) XenMobile
7 4 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.19%) Fluentd
8 3 (0.19%) logstash
8 3 (0.19%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.19%) Rancher
9 2 (0.13%) Oozie
10 1 (0.065%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.065%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 60 (3.89%) Google
2 56 (3.63%) Microsoft
3 36 (2.33%) Tableau
4 30 (1.94%) Twitter
5 18 (1.17%) NVIDIA
6 11 (0.71%) Cloudera
6 11 (0.71%) Facebook
6 11 (0.71%) Hortonworks
6 11 (0.71%) MapR
7 10 (0.65%) Cisco
7 10 (0.65%) HP
7 10 (0.65%) Palo Alto
7 10 (0.65%) Veeam
8 8 (0.52%) Intel
9 7 (0.45%) Teradata
10 6 (0.39%) Cadence
10 6 (0.39%) Oracle
10 6 (0.39%) SaltStack
11 5 (0.32%) Citrix
11 5 (0.32%) Synopsys