Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 385 446 576
Rank change year-on-year +61 +130 -8
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1458 1239 1016
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.65% 0.46%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.37% 2.50% 1.69%
Number of salaries quoted 1264 1132 934
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.53%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,775 £27,750
90th Percentile £92,125 £100,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 43206 49488 60078
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.99% 26.15% 27.46%
Number of salaries quoted 33198 39694 48014
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +1.12%
10th Percentile £26,000 £26,250 £25,969
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +67 1407 £55,000 +10.00% 176
UK excluding London +177 887 £47,500 +11.76% 110
London -56 563 £70,000 +12.00% 68
East of England +138 399 £45,000 +25.00% 62
South East +91 231 £47,500 - 27
South West +49 92 £55,000 +10.00% 9
Midlands +49 74 £35,000 -9.68% 4
North of England -9 54 £55,000 +37.50% 6
West Midlands +35 41 £40,000 +6.67% 2
North West -45 40 £55,000 +37.50% 3
Scotland +17 38 £45,000 -5.26% 2
East Midlands +21 33 £32,500 -9.72% 2
Yorkshire +24 11 £51,250 +46.43% 1
Wales +21 5 £46,850 -14.82%
North East +7 3 £40,000 -5.88% 2

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 874 (59.95%) Python
2 767 (52.61%) Machine Learning
3 699 (47.94%) Mathematics
4 633 (43.42%) Computer Science
5 619 (42.46%) Algorithms
6 601 (41.22%) C++
7 590 (40.47%) Degree
8 475 (32.58%) Java
9 434 (29.77%) Software Engineering
10 432 (29.63%) Physics
11 350 (24.01%) R
12 320 (21.95%) Finance
13 290 (19.89%) SQL
14 285 (19.55%) Artificial Intelligence
15 273 (18.72%) Statistics
16 270 (18.52%) Big Data
17 262 (17.97%) Analytics
18 258 (17.70%) MATLAB
19 233 (15.98%) Deep Learning
20 223 (15.29%) Agile Software Development
21 222 (15.23%) C#
22 215 (14.75%) C
23 203 (13.92%) Linux
24 172 (11.80%) Natural Language Processing
25 164 (11.25%) Apache Spark
26 158 (10.84%) Analytical Skills
27 155 (10.63%) Neural Network
28 153 (10.49%) JavaScript
29 145 (9.95%) Data Analysis
30 143 (9.81%) TensorFlow

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (11.25%) Apache Spark
2 66 (4.53%) SAS
3 18 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
4 17 (1.17%) Apache
5 16 (1.10%) Apache Pig
5 16 (1.10%) DNN
6 10 (0.69%) Skype for Business
7 9 (0.62%) JBoss
7 9 (0.62%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.55%) Ethereum
8 8 (0.55%) Hyperledger
9 7 (0.48%) Apache Solr
10 6 (0.41%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.34%) Confluence
12 4 (0.27%) Luigi
12 4 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.27%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.21%) Jupyter
14 2 (0.14%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 33 (2.26%) SPSS
2 20 (1.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.89%) Stata
5 9 (0.62%) Mathematica
6 7 (0.48%) Zemax
7 6 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.34%) GNU Octave
8 5 (0.34%) SOLIDWORKS
9 4 (0.27%) Maple
9 4 (0.27%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.27%) S-PLUS
10 3 (0.21%) Simulink
11 2 (0.14%) Abaqus
11 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.14%) LaTeX
11 2 (0.14%) Weka
12 1 (0.069%) OrCAD
12 1 (0.069%) PTC Creo
12 1 (0.069%) Siemens NX
Cloud Services
1 122 (8.37%) Amazon AWS
2 69 (4.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 50 (3.43%) GitHub
4 31 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
5 30 (2.06%) SaaS
6 17 (1.17%) Google Cloud Platform
7 11 (0.75%) G Suite
8 9 (0.62%) Azure Machine Learning
9 6 (0.41%) Google Compute Engine
10 5 (0.34%) OpenShift
11 3 (0.21%) Google Analytics
12 2 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.14%) Amazon S3
13 1 (0.069%) Amazon EMR
13 1 (0.069%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 1 (0.069%) Heroku
13 1 (0.069%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.78%) TCP/IP
2 15 (1.03%) Ethernet
3 12 (0.82%) SAN
4 11 (0.75%) ADSL
4 11 (0.75%) Cisco ASA
4 11 (0.75%) DHCP
4 11 (0.75%) DNS
4 11 (0.75%) DSL
4 11 (0.75%) Firewall
4 11 (0.75%) LAN
4 11 (0.75%) VoIP
4 11 (0.75%) VPN
5 10 (0.69%) Internet
5 10 (0.69%) Network Security
6 6 (0.41%) InfiniBand
7 3 (0.21%) 5G
7 3 (0.21%) Wireless
8 2 (0.14%) HTTP
8 2 (0.14%) LTE
8 2 (0.14%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 270 (18.52%) Big Data
2 134 (9.19%) Hadoop
3 111 (7.61%) Data Mining
4 108 (7.41%) NoSQL
5 48 (3.29%) MongoDB
6 45 (3.09%) Apache Hive
7 37 (2.54%) Relational Database
8 33 (2.26%) SQL Server
9 29 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
10 26 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
11 21 (1.44%) Blockchain
12 20 (1.37%) PostgreSQL
12 20 (1.37%) RDBMS
13 18 (1.23%) Text Mining
14 12 (0.82%) Flink
15 10 (0.69%) Amazon Redshift
15 10 (0.69%) QlikView
15 10 (0.69%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 9 (0.62%) Neo4j
17 8 (0.55%) HBase
Development Applications
1 118 (8.09%) Git (software)
2 46 (3.16%) LabVIEW
3 42 (2.88%) Visual Studio
4 33 (2.26%) Jenkins
5 20 (1.37%) Mercurial
6 19 (1.30%) JUnit
6 19 (1.30%) Subversion
7 7 (0.48%) gulp
7 7 (0.48%) Maven
8 5 (0.34%) Ant
8 5 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (0.34%) Bower
8 5 (0.34%) Grunt
8 5 (0.34%) Travis CI
9 4 (0.27%) Axure RP
9 4 (0.27%) JIRA
9 4 (0.27%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 3 (0.21%) Gradle
11 2 (0.14%) Bitbucket
12 1 (0.069%) GitLab
General
1 320 (21.95%) Finance
2 121 (8.30%) Electronics
3 105 (7.20%) Marketing
4 97 (6.65%) Telecoms
5 77 (5.28%) Games
6 74 (5.08%) Banking
7 49 (3.36%) Manufacturing
8 36 (2.47%) Retail
9 33 (2.26%) Front Office
10 32 (2.19%) Financial Institution
11 23 (1.58%) Investment Banking
12 17 (1.17%) Publishing
13 11 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.69%) Automotive
15 9 (0.62%) Advertising
15 9 (0.62%) Legal
15 9 (0.62%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.27%) Back Office
16 4 (0.27%) International Banking
17 3 (0.21%) Military
Job Titles
1 362 (24.83%) Data Scientist
2 304 (20.85%) Developer
3 249 (17.08%) Software Engineer
4 116 (7.96%) C++ Software Engineer
5 111 (7.61%) Graduate
6 92 (6.31%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 84 (5.76%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 82 (5.62%) Machine Learning Researcher
9 78 (5.35%) Analyst
9 78 (5.35%) C++ Developer
10 73 (5.01%) Software Developer
11 67 (4.60%) Research Engineer
12 61 (4.18%) Python Developer
13 60 (4.12%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 55 (3.77%) Graduate Developer
15 54 (3.70%) Senior Data Scientist
16 47 (3.22%) Java Developer
17 45 (3.09%) Senior Developer
18 40 (2.74%) Computer Engineer
19 37 (2.54%) Computer Vision Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 172 (11.80%) Natural Language Processing
2 143 (9.81%) TensorFlow
3 91 (6.24%) HTML
4 87 (5.97%) CSS
5 72 (4.94%) .NET
6 59 (4.05%) OpenGL
6 59 (4.05%) Qt
7 52 (3.57%) Node.js
8 50 (3.43%) MFC
8 50 (3.43%) scikit-learn
9 49 (3.36%) HTML5
10 48 (3.29%) Web Services
11 46 (3.16%) Theano
12 42 (2.88%) CSS3
12 42 (2.88%) NumPy
13 41 (2.81%) D3.js
13 41 (2.81%) RESTful
14 40 (2.74%) AngularJS
14 40 (2.74%) WinForms
15 38 (2.61%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 633 (43.42%) Computer Science
2 619 (42.46%) Algorithms
3 158 (10.84%) Analytical Skills
4 60 (4.12%) Fintech
5 49 (3.36%) Greenfield Project
6 45 (3.09%) Mobile App
7 44 (3.02%) Hedge funds
8 43 (2.95%) CUDA
9 40 (2.74%) Robotics
9 40 (2.74%) Smart City
10 39 (2.67%) Acoustics
11 36 (2.47%) User Experience
12 35 (2.40%) Data Structures
13 28 (1.92%) Java Card
14 23 (1.58%) Social Media
15 21 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
15 21 (1.44%) Fixed Income
16 17 (1.17%) Augmented Reality
16 17 (1.17%) Optoelectronics
17 16 (1.10%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 203 (13.92%) Linux
2 102 (7.00%) Windows
3 40 (2.74%) Unix
4 19 (1.30%) Embedded Linux
5 13 (0.89%) Windows 10
5 13 (0.89%) Windows Server
6 11 (0.75%) Android
6 11 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
6 11 (0.75%) Windows XP
7 5 (0.34%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.27%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 4 (0.27%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.21%) CentOS
10 2 (0.14%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 767 (52.61%) Machine Learning
2 699 (47.94%) Mathematics
3 434 (29.77%) Software Engineering
4 432 (29.63%) Physics
5 285 (19.55%) Artificial Intelligence
6 273 (18.72%) Statistics
7 262 (17.97%) Analytics
8 233 (15.98%) Deep Learning
9 223 (15.29%) Agile Software Development
10 155 (10.63%) Neural Network
11 145 (9.95%) Data Analysis
12 121 (8.30%) Computer Vision
13 112 (7.68%) Bayesian Methods
13 112 (7.68%) OO
14 110 (7.54%) Multithreading
15 89 (6.10%) Visualisation
16 84 (5.76%) Business Intelligence
17 80 (5.49%) Reinforcement Learning
18 75 (5.14%) Economics
18 75 (5.14%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 874 (59.95%) Python
2 601 (41.22%) C++
3 475 (32.58%) Java
4 350 (24.01%) R
5 290 (19.89%) SQL
6 258 (17.70%) MATLAB
7 222 (15.23%) C#
8 215 (14.75%) C
9 153 (10.49%) JavaScript
10 136 (9.33%) Scala
11 76 (5.21%) Julia
12 56 (3.84%) Ruby
13 33 (2.26%) Shell Script
14 26 (1.78%) Fortran
14 26 (1.78%) Perl
15 23 (1.58%) PHP
16 22 (1.51%) F#
17 21 (1.44%) Haskell
18 20 (1.37%) VBA
19 19 (1.30%) Go
Qualifications
1 590 (40.47%) Degree
2 82 (5.62%) Computer Science Degree
2 82 (5.62%) Master's Degree
3 50 (3.43%) Numerate Degree
4 23 (1.58%) Security Cleared
5 16 (1.10%) Postgraduate
6 10 (0.69%) DV Cleared
6 10 (0.69%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.34%) PMI Certification
8 4 (0.27%) HND
9 3 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 3 (0.21%) CFA
9 3 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
9 3 (0.21%) GIAC
10 2 (0.14%) MBA
11 1 (0.069%) CIMA
11 1 (0.069%) OSCP
11 1 (0.069%) PMP
11 1 (0.069%) RHCSA
11 1 (0.069%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (1.58%) QA
2 16 (1.10%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.48%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
4 2 (0.14%) EMIR
4 2 (0.14%) IFRS
4 2 (0.14%) IFRS 9
4 2 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.069%) ECSS
5 1 (0.069%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 26 (1.78%) Docker
2 11 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.69%) XenServer
4 6 (0.41%) Ceph
4 6 (0.41%) GPFS
4 6 (0.41%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 3 (0.21%) Firmware
5 3 (0.21%) HDFS
6 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 18 (1.23%) Ansible
2 14 (0.96%) Kubernetes
3 11 (0.75%) Backup Exec
4 10 (0.69%) XenMobile
5 7 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (0.48%) Puppet
6 6 (0.41%) Grafana
6 6 (0.41%) Icinga
7 3 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
8 2 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.069%) Ambari
9 1 (0.069%) Ganglia
9 1 (0.069%) Nagios
9 1 (0.069%) Oozie
9 1 (0.069%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 58 (3.98%) Google
2 46 (3.16%) Microsoft
3 35 (2.40%) SAP
4 28 (1.92%) Tableau
5 19 (1.30%) Oracle
6 18 (1.23%) Twitter
7 11 (0.75%) Cisco
7 11 (0.75%) HP
7 11 (0.75%) Palo Alto
7 11 (0.75%) Veeam
8 10 (0.69%) Citrix
9 8 (0.55%) Facebook
9 8 (0.55%) IBM
9 8 (0.55%) Intel
10 7 (0.48%) Bloomberg
11 6 (0.41%) SaltStack
11 6 (0.41%) Teradata
12 5 (0.34%) webMethods
13 4 (0.27%) ANSYS
14 3 (0.21%) Red Hat