Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 404 451 588
Rank change year-on-year +47 +137 -37
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1333 1269 984
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.76% 0.67% 0.45%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.14% 2.54% 1.64%
Number of salaries quoted 1173 1181 949
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £31,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £92,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 42463 49980 59953
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.19% 26.36% 27.41%
Number of salaries quoted 32601 40134 47832
UK median annual salary £46,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.33% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £26,000 £26,250 £25,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 1299 £55,000 +10.00% 101
UK excluding London +119 776 £47,500 +11.76% 72
London -51 551 £65,000 +12.52% 32
East of England +107 322 £41,250 +3.13% 34
South East +43 198 £49,500 +10.00% 16
South West +30 86 £55,000 +10.00% 7
Midlands +29 81 £32,500 -18.75% 3
North of England -7 73 £52,500 +31.25% 9
North West +2 62 £55,000 +37.50% 7
East Midlands +20 44 £32,500 -18.75% 2
West Midlands +21 40 £37,500 - 1
Scotland +1 23 £41,250 -13.16% 3
Yorkshire +15 8 £47,500 +15.15% 2
Wales +16 6 £49,700 -9.64%
North East +23 3 £40,000 -5.88%

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 792 (59.41%) Python
2 692 (51.91%) Machine Learning
3 672 (50.41%) Mathematics
4 617 (46.29%) Computer Science
5 545 (40.89%) Algorithms
6 540 (40.51%) C++
7 531 (39.83%) Degree
8 433 (32.48%) Java
9 432 (32.41%) Software Engineering
10 396 (29.71%) Physics
11 321 (24.08%) R
12 313 (23.48%) Finance
13 300 (22.51%) SQL
14 268 (20.11%) Artificial Intelligence
15 261 (19.58%) Analytics
16 253 (18.98%) Statistics
17 248 (18.60%) Big Data
18 240 (18.00%) C#
19 238 (17.85%) MATLAB
20 236 (17.70%) Agile Software Development
21 204 (15.30%) Linux
22 199 (14.93%) Deep Learning
23 179 (13.43%) C
24 162 (12.15%) Natural Language Processing
25 153 (11.48%) Analytical Skills
26 150 (11.25%) JavaScript
27 139 (10.43%) Hadoop
28 138 (10.35%) Apache Spark
29 135 (10.13%) Scala
30 133 (9.98%) Neural Network

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (10.35%) Apache Spark
2 58 (4.35%) SAS
3 23 (1.73%) Apache
4 18 (1.35%) Apache Pig
5 16 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (0.90%) DNN
7 11 (0.83%) JBoss
7 11 (0.83%) Tomcat
8 10 (0.75%) Skype for Business
9 9 (0.68%) Apache Solr
10 8 (0.60%) Ethereum
10 8 (0.60%) Hyperledger
11 6 (0.45%) Confluence
11 6 (0.45%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.38%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.30%) CMS
13 4 (0.30%) IIS
13 4 (0.30%) nginx
Applications
1 33 (2.48%) SPSS
2 17 (1.28%) Stata
3 16 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.68%) Spreadsheet
6 7 (0.53%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.53%) Zemax
7 6 (0.45%) Maple
8 5 (0.38%) GNU Octave
8 5 (0.38%) S-PLUS
9 4 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.30%) SOLIDWORKS
10 3 (0.23%) Mathematica
10 3 (0.23%) Simulink
11 2 (0.15%) Abaqus
11 2 (0.15%) LaTeX
11 2 (0.15%) Weka
12 1 (0.075%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.075%) OrCAD
12 1 (0.075%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 91 (6.83%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (4.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 55 (4.13%) GitHub
4 29 (2.18%) SaaS
5 25 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
6 18 (1.35%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (0.75%) G Suite
8 6 (0.45%) Azure Machine Learning
8 6 (0.45%) Google Compute Engine
9 5 (0.38%) OpenShift
10 1 (0.075%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.075%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.075%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 1 (0.075%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.03%) TCP/IP
2 16 (1.20%) Ethernet
3 10 (0.75%) ADSL
3 10 (0.75%) Cisco ASA
3 10 (0.75%) DHCP
3 10 (0.75%) DNS
3 10 (0.75%) DSL
3 10 (0.75%) Firewall
3 10 (0.75%) LAN
3 10 (0.75%) SAN
3 10 (0.75%) VoIP
3 10 (0.75%) VPN
4 6 (0.45%) InfiniBand
4 6 (0.45%) Internet
5 5 (0.38%) Network Security
6 3 (0.23%) 5G
6 3 (0.23%) Wireless
7 2 (0.15%) HTTP
7 2 (0.15%) LTE
7 2 (0.15%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (18.60%) Big Data
2 139 (10.43%) Hadoop
3 112 (8.40%) Data Mining
4 107 (8.03%) NoSQL
5 49 (3.68%) Apache Hive
6 44 (3.30%) MongoDB
7 43 (3.23%) Relational Database
8 41 (3.08%) SQL Server
9 27 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
10 25 (1.88%) Blockchain
10 25 (1.88%) RDBMS
11 23 (1.73%) Text Mining
12 22 (1.65%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
14 13 (0.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 8 (0.60%) MySQL
15 8 (0.60%) Neo4j
15 8 (0.60%) QlikView
15 8 (0.60%) Redis
16 7 (0.53%) HBase
Development Applications
1 118 (8.85%) Git (software)
2 48 (3.60%) LabVIEW
3 39 (2.93%) Jenkins
4 38 (2.85%) Visual Studio
5 24 (1.80%) Mercurial
6 21 (1.58%) JUnit
7 18 (1.35%) Subversion
8 10 (0.75%) Maven
9 7 (0.53%) Ant
9 7 (0.53%) Axure RP
10 6 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (0.45%) Gradle
10 6 (0.45%) Travis CI
11 5 (0.38%) Bower
11 5 (0.38%) Grunt
11 5 (0.38%) JIRA
12 4 (0.30%) Bitbucket
13 3 (0.23%) gulp
13 3 (0.23%) Vagrant
14 2 (0.15%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 313 (23.48%) Finance
2 112 (8.40%) Electronics
3 103 (7.73%) Marketing
4 96 (7.20%) Telecoms
5 81 (6.08%) Games
6 61 (4.58%) Banking
7 54 (4.05%) Manufacturing
8 33 (2.48%) Retail
9 31 (2.33%) Front Office
10 30 (2.25%) Financial Institution
11 20 (1.50%) Investment Banking
12 15 (1.13%) Publishing
13 14 (1.05%) Automotive
14 11 (0.83%) Legal
15 10 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.68%) Advertising
16 9 (0.68%) Retail Banking
17 3 (0.23%) Aerospace
17 3 (0.23%) Back Office
17 3 (0.23%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 324 (24.31%) Data Scientist
2 319 (23.93%) Developer
3 236 (17.70%) Software Engineer
4 116 (8.70%) Graduate
5 111 (8.33%) C++ Software Engineer
6 88 (6.60%) C++ Developer
7 85 (6.38%) Software Developer
8 76 (5.70%) Machine Learning Researcher
9 71 (5.33%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 69 (5.18%) Senior Data Scientist
11 66 (4.95%) Python Developer
12 63 (4.73%) Machine Learning Scientist
13 59 (4.43%) Analyst
14 58 (4.35%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 53 (3.98%) Graduate Developer
15 53 (3.98%) Java Developer
16 48 (3.60%) Research Engineer
17 47 (3.53%) C# Developer
18 42 (3.15%) C++ Software Developer
19 40 (3.00%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 162 (12.15%) Natural Language Processing
2 121 (9.08%) TensorFlow
3 90 (6.75%) .NET
4 85 (6.38%) HTML
5 79 (5.93%) CSS
6 53 (3.98%) Qt
7 50 (3.75%) OpenGL
8 49 (3.68%) HTML5
9 45 (3.38%) Node.js
10 43 (3.23%) Web Services
11 41 (3.08%) D3.js
12 40 (3.00%) MFC
12 40 (3.00%) RESTful
13 39 (2.93%) Theano
14 38 (2.85%) CSS3
15 37 (2.78%) AngularJS
15 37 (2.78%) scikit-learn
16 35 (2.63%) NumPy
17 34 (2.55%) Pandas
18 33 (2.48%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 617 (46.29%) Computer Science
2 545 (40.89%) Algorithms
3 153 (11.48%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (5.33%) Fintech
5 43 (3.23%) Hedge funds
6 39 (2.93%) Mobile App
7 36 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
8 35 (2.63%) Smart City
9 32 (2.40%) User Experience
10 30 (2.25%) Data Structures
11 25 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
12 23 (1.73%) Derivative
13 22 (1.65%) Augmented Reality
13 22 (1.65%) CUDA
13 22 (1.65%) Java Card
14 21 (1.58%) Robotics
15 19 (1.43%) 3D Graphics
16 15 (1.13%) Social Media
17 14 (1.05%) Fixed Income
17 14 (1.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 204 (15.30%) Linux
2 113 (8.48%) Windows
3 39 (2.93%) Unix
4 20 (1.50%) Embedded Linux
5 14 (1.05%) Windows Server
6 12 (0.90%) Windows 10
7 10 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
7 10 (0.75%) Windows XP
8 6 (0.45%) Android
9 4 (0.30%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.15%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.075%) CentOS
11 1 (0.075%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 692 (51.91%) Machine Learning
2 672 (50.41%) Mathematics
3 432 (32.41%) Software Engineering
4 396 (29.71%) Physics
5 268 (20.11%) Artificial Intelligence
6 261 (19.58%) Analytics
7 253 (18.98%) Statistics
8 236 (17.70%) Agile Software Development
9 199 (14.93%) Deep Learning
10 133 (9.98%) Neural Network
11 131 (9.83%) Data Analysis
12 130 (9.75%) OO
13 102 (7.65%) Bayesian Methods
14 96 (7.20%) Computer Vision
15 89 (6.68%) Multithreading
16 82 (6.15%) OOP
17 77 (5.78%) Business Intelligence
17 77 (5.78%) Data Analytics
18 76 (5.70%) TDD
19 73 (5.48%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 792 (59.41%) Python
2 540 (40.51%) C++
3 433 (32.48%) Java
4 321 (24.08%) R
5 300 (22.51%) SQL
6 240 (18.00%) C#
7 238 (17.85%) MATLAB
8 179 (13.43%) C
9 150 (11.25%) JavaScript
10 135 (10.13%) Scala
11 74 (5.55%) Julia
12 51 (3.83%) Ruby
13 31 (2.33%) Shell Script
14 29 (2.18%) Perl
15 25 (1.88%) F#
16 24 (1.80%) Fortran
16 24 (1.80%) PHP
17 23 (1.73%) Haskell
18 18 (1.35%) VBA
19 14 (1.05%) Go
Qualifications
1 531 (39.83%) Degree
2 85 (6.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 69 (5.18%) Master's Degree
4 62 (4.65%) Numerate Degree
5 20 (1.50%) Security Cleared
6 15 (1.13%) Postgraduate
7 14 (1.05%) SC Cleared
8 13 (0.98%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.53%) HND
10 5 (0.38%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.23%) CFA
12 2 (0.15%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 2 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.15%) GIAC
12 2 (0.15%) MBA
12 2 (0.15%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.075%) CIMA
13 1 (0.075%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (1.88%) QA
2 20 (1.50%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.38%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.15%) IFRS
4 2 (0.15%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.075%) ECSS
5 1 (0.075%) EMIR
5 1 (0.075%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.075%) MiFID
System Software
1 22 (1.65%) Docker
2 10 (0.75%) Active Directory
2 10 (0.75%) XenServer
3 7 (0.53%) HDFS
4 6 (0.45%) Ceph
4 6 (0.45%) GPFS
4 6 (0.45%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 5 (0.38%) Firmware
6 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 17 (1.28%) Ansible
2 11 (0.83%) Kubernetes
3 10 (0.75%) Backup Exec
3 10 (0.75%) XenMobile
4 6 (0.45%) Grafana
4 6 (0.45%) Icinga
4 6 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (0.45%) Puppet
5 4 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.075%) Ambari
6 1 (0.075%) Ganglia
6 1 (0.075%) Nagios
6 1 (0.075%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 44 (3.30%) Google
2 40 (3.00%) Microsoft
3 37 (2.78%) SAP
4 27 (2.03%) Oracle
5 25 (1.88%) Tableau
6 10 (0.75%) Cisco
6 10 (0.75%) Citrix
6 10 (0.75%) HP
6 10 (0.75%) Palo Alto
6 10 (0.75%) Veeam
7 9 (0.68%) Cloudera
8 8 (0.60%) IBM
8 8 (0.60%) Intel
9 7 (0.53%) Bloomberg
9 7 (0.53%) Hortonworks
10 6 (0.45%) Facebook
10 6 (0.45%) SaltStack
11 5 (0.38%) Twitter
11 5 (0.38%) webMethods
12 3 (0.23%) Xilinx