Period
to 23 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 23 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

PhD
UK
6 months to
23 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 405 438 595
Rank change year-on-year +33 +157 -85
Permanent jobs citing PhD 1354 1339 901
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.68% 0.42%
As % of the Qualifications category 3.16% 2.54% 1.51%
Number of salaries quoted 1243 1282 901
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £28,750 £31,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,250 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +10.63% - -5.33%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 42880 52716 59663
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.36% 26.79% 27.55%
Number of salaries quoted 32925 42572 47383
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £25,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,377 £40,000
% change year-on-year +0.29% +5.94% -

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PhD.

Salary trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Salary histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 23 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 1314 £55,000 +10.00% 128
UK excluding London +127 771 £44,250 +10.63% 75
London -39 576 £70,000 +16.67% 57
East of England +115 307 £40,000 +5.26% 31
South East +20 177 £45,000 +12.50% 26
North of England +18 103 £53,750 +34.38% 8
South West +3 90 £55,000 +10.00% 3
Midlands +65 87 £37,500 -6.25% 3
North West -11 84 £50,000 +25.00% 6
East Midlands +26 54 £32,500 -18.75% 1
West Midlands +53 50 £40,000 +11.11% 2
Scotland +15 26 £42,500 -10.53% 3
North East +28 10 £120,000 +182.35%
Yorkshire +9 9 £52,500 +45.83% 2
Wales +11 7 £46,850 -14.82%

For the 6 months to 23 August 2017, IT jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 800 (59.08%) Python
2 704 (51.99%) Mathematics
3 695 (51.33%) Machine Learning
4 665 (49.11%) Computer Science
5 580 (42.84%) Degree
6 576 (42.54%) C++
7 535 (39.51%) Algorithms
8 435 (32.13%) Java
9 416 (30.72%) Software Engineering
10 415 (30.65%) Physics
11 319 (23.56%) Finance
12 315 (23.26%) R
13 308 (22.75%) SQL
14 293 (21.64%) Analytics
15 277 (20.46%) C#
16 258 (19.05%) Big Data
17 254 (18.76%) Statistics
18 242 (17.87%) Artificial Intelligence
19 239 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
20 235 (17.36%) MATLAB
21 203 (14.99%) Linux
22 190 (14.03%) Analytical Skills
23 189 (13.96%) C
24 161 (11.89%) Natural Language Processing
25 158 (11.67%) Deep Learning
26 148 (10.93%) Hadoop
27 147 (10.86%) OO
28 146 (10.78%) Apache Spark
29 135 (9.97%) Scala
30 134 (9.90%) JavaScript

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (10.78%) Apache Spark
2 69 (5.10%) SAS
3 25 (1.85%) Apache Pig
4 23 (1.70%) Apache
5 18 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (0.89%) JBoss
7 11 (0.81%) Apache Solr
7 11 (0.81%) Tomcat
8 9 (0.66%) Ethereum
8 9 (0.66%) Hyperledger
9 6 (0.44%) Confluence
9 6 (0.44%) Jupyter
9 6 (0.44%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.37%) Skype for Business
10 5 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
11 3 (0.22%) CMS
11 3 (0.22%) IIS
11 3 (0.22%) nginx
12 2 (0.15%) DNN
Applications
1 38 (2.81%) SPSS
2 23 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (1.48%) Stata
4 15 (1.11%) Spreadsheet
5 11 (0.81%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.66%) Maple
7 8 (0.59%) Zemax
8 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
8 6 (0.44%) S-PLUS
9 5 (0.37%) Simulink
10 4 (0.30%) EViews
11 3 (0.22%) Mathcad
12 2 (0.15%) Abaqus
12 2 (0.15%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.15%) LaTeX
12 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 1 (0.074%) Siemens NX
13 1 (0.074%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.074%) Weka
Business Applications
1 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 74 (5.47%) Amazon AWS
2 46 (3.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (2.88%) GitHub
4 25 (1.85%) SaaS
5 14 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
6 12 (0.89%) Google Cloud Platform
7 5 (0.37%) G Suite
8 4 (0.30%) Amazon S3
8 4 (0.30%) OpenShift
9 3 (0.22%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.22%) Azure Machine Learning
10 2 (0.15%) Google Analytics
11 1 (0.074%) Amazon EMR
11 1 (0.074%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.40%) TCP/IP
2 7 (0.52%) Ethernet
3 6 (0.44%) Internet
4 5 (0.37%) ADSL
4 5 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
4 5 (0.37%) DHCP
4 5 (0.37%) DNS
4 5 (0.37%) DSL
4 5 (0.37%) Firewall
4 5 (0.37%) LAN
4 5 (0.37%) Network Security
4 5 (0.37%) SAN
4 5 (0.37%) VoIP
4 5 (0.37%) VPN
5 4 (0.30%) Wireless
6 2 (0.15%) HTTP
6 2 (0.15%) Skype
7 1 (0.074%) 5G
7 1 (0.074%) BGP
7 1 (0.074%) Modbus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 258 (19.05%) Big Data
2 148 (10.93%) Hadoop
3 121 (8.94%) Data Mining
4 111 (8.20%) NoSQL
5 49 (3.62%) Apache Hive
6 45 (3.32%) Relational Database
7 41 (3.03%) MongoDB
8 40 (2.95%) SQL Server
9 31 (2.29%) Text Mining
10 27 (1.99%) RDBMS
11 26 (1.92%) Blockchain
12 24 (1.77%) Apache Cassandra
12 24 (1.77%) PostgreSQL
13 20 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
14 13 (0.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 11 (0.81%) HBase
16 10 (0.74%) MySQL
17 9 (0.66%) Amazon Redshift
17 9 (0.66%) GIS
18 8 (0.59%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 100 (7.39%) Git (software)
2 64 (4.73%) LabVIEW
3 31 (2.29%) Jenkins
4 26 (1.92%) Visual Studio
5 21 (1.55%) JUnit
6 17 (1.26%) Mercurial
7 10 (0.74%) Axure RP
7 10 (0.74%) Maven
8 9 (0.66%) Clang
8 9 (0.66%) Subversion
9 7 (0.52%) Ant
10 6 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (0.44%) Gradle
10 6 (0.44%) Travis CI
11 5 (0.37%) JIRA
12 4 (0.30%) Vagrant
13 3 (0.22%) Bitbucket
14 1 (0.074%) Moq
14 1 (0.074%) Rational DOORS
14 1 (0.074%) Yeoman
General
1 319 (23.56%) Finance
2 131 (9.68%) Electronics
3 107 (7.90%) Marketing
4 97 (7.16%) Telecoms
5 86 (6.35%) Games
6 73 (5.39%) Banking
7 59 (4.36%) Manufacturing
8 52 (3.84%) Front Office
9 32 (2.36%) Investment Banking
9 32 (2.36%) Retail
10 31 (2.29%) Financial Institution
11 14 (1.03%) Advertising
12 13 (0.96%) Automotive
13 10 (0.74%) Publishing
14 8 (0.59%) Aerospace
15 6 (0.44%) Legal
16 5 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 3 (0.22%) Back Office
17 3 (0.22%) Law
18 2 (0.15%) Military
Job Titles
1 340 (25.11%) Developer
2 326 (24.08%) Data Scientist
3 204 (15.07%) Software Engineer
4 125 (9.23%) Graduate
5 99 (7.31%) C++ Developer
6 96 (7.09%) C++ Software Engineer
7 88 (6.50%) Software Developer
8 87 (6.43%) Senior Data Scientist
9 75 (5.54%) Analyst
10 68 (5.02%) Java Developer
11 66 (4.87%) Machine Learning Engineer
12 61 (4.51%) Machine Learning Researcher
13 56 (4.14%) C# Developer
13 56 (4.14%) Python Developer
14 49 (3.62%) Research Engineer
15 47 (3.47%) Machine Learning Scientist
16 46 (3.40%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 40 (2.95%) Graduate Developer
17 40 (2.95%) Java Engineer
18 39 (2.88%) Quantitative Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (11.89%) Natural Language Processing
2 102 (7.53%) .NET
3 76 (5.61%) TensorFlow
4 70 (5.17%) HTML
5 57 (4.21%) CSS
6 54 (3.99%) OpenGL
7 50 (3.69%) Qt
8 45 (3.32%) HTML5
9 44 (3.25%) Node.js
9 44 (3.25%) Web Services
10 41 (3.03%) RESTful
10 41 (3.03%) Spring
11 39 (2.88%) ASP.NET
11 39 (2.88%) D3.js
12 33 (2.44%) AngularJS
12 33 (2.44%) MFC
13 32 (2.36%) NumPy
14 30 (2.22%) REST
15 28 (2.07%) CSS3
15 28 (2.07%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 665 (49.11%) Computer Science
2 535 (39.51%) Algorithms
3 190 (14.03%) Analytical Skills
4 76 (5.61%) Fintech
5 48 (3.55%) Hedge funds
6 39 (2.88%) Derivative
7 34 (2.51%) 3D Graphics
7 34 (2.51%) Data Structures
8 32 (2.36%) Enterprise Software
8 32 (2.36%) Mobile App
9 30 (2.22%) Augmented Reality
10 28 (2.07%) Smart City
11 27 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
12 26 (1.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 25 (1.85%) User Experience
14 18 (1.33%) Robotics
15 17 (1.26%) Fixed Income
16 15 (1.11%) VHDL
17 13 (0.96%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 12 (0.89%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 203 (14.99%) Linux
2 124 (9.16%) Windows
3 32 (2.36%) Unix
4 13 (0.96%) Embedded Linux
5 8 (0.59%) Windows Server
6 6 (0.44%) Android
6 6 (0.44%) Ubuntu
6 6 (0.44%) Windows XP
7 5 (0.37%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.37%) Windows 10
7 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
8 4 (0.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.074%) CentOS
10 1 (0.074%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.074%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 704 (51.99%) Mathematics
2 695 (51.33%) Machine Learning
3 416 (30.72%) Software Engineering
4 415 (30.65%) Physics
5 293 (21.64%) Analytics
6 254 (18.76%) Statistics
7 242 (17.87%) Artificial Intelligence
8 239 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
9 158 (11.67%) Deep Learning
10 147 (10.86%) OO
11 110 (8.12%) Data Analysis
12 107 (7.90%) Neural Network
13 93 (6.87%) Computer Vision
14 85 (6.28%) OOP
15 83 (6.13%) Signal Processing
16 82 (6.06%) Data Analytics
17 75 (5.54%) Multithreading
18 74 (5.47%) Open Source
19 71 (5.24%) Business Intelligence
20 70 (5.17%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 800 (59.08%) Python
2 576 (42.54%) C++
3 435 (32.13%) Java
4 315 (23.26%) R
5 308 (22.75%) SQL
6 277 (20.46%) C#
7 235 (17.36%) MATLAB
8 189 (13.96%) C
9 135 (9.97%) Scala
10 134 (9.90%) JavaScript
11 49 (3.62%) Julia
11 49 (3.62%) Ruby
12 37 (2.73%) Fortran
13 32 (2.36%) Shell Script
14 25 (1.85%) PHP
15 24 (1.77%) VBA
16 22 (1.62%) Perl
17 19 (1.40%) F#
18 18 (1.33%) Haskell
19 11 (0.81%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 580 (42.84%) Degree
2 112 (8.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 91 (6.72%) Numerate Degree
4 87 (6.43%) Master's Degree
5 20 (1.48%) Security Cleared
6 14 (1.03%) Postgraduate
7 13 (0.96%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.96%) SC Cleared
8 10 (0.74%) HND
8 10 (0.74%) Sun Certification
9 4 (0.30%) MBA
9 4 (0.30%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.22%) CFA
11 1 (0.074%) CIMA
11 1 (0.074%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (1.85%) QA
2 15 (1.11%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.37%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.15%) DO-178B
4 2 (0.15%) MISRA
4 2 (0.15%) MISRA C
5 1 (0.074%) ECSS
5 1 (0.074%) IEC 61508
5 1 (0.074%) IEC 62304
5 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 12207
System Software
1 17 (1.26%) Docker
2 9 (0.66%) Firmware
3 7 (0.52%) HDFS
4 5 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.37%) XenServer
5 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.074%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.074%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 12 (0.89%) Kubernetes
2 9 (0.66%) Ansible
3 5 (0.37%) Backup Exec
3 5 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
3 5 (0.37%) XenMobile
4 1 (0.074%) Ambari
4 1 (0.074%) Ganglia
4 1 (0.074%) Nagios
4 1 (0.074%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 39 (2.88%) Oracle
1 39 (2.88%) SAP
2 33 (2.44%) Google
3 26 (1.92%) Tableau
4 20 (1.48%) Microsoft
5 9 (0.66%) Cloudera
6 7 (0.52%) Bloomberg
6 7 (0.52%) Hortonworks
7 6 (0.44%) Facebook
7 6 (0.44%) IBM
8 5 (0.37%) Cisco
8 5 (0.37%) Citrix
8 5 (0.37%) HP
8 5 (0.37%) Palo Alto
8 5 (0.37%) RapidMiner
8 5 (0.37%) Veeam
8 5 (0.37%) webMethods
9 4 (0.30%) Twitter
10 3 (0.22%) MapR
10 3 (0.22%) Splunk