Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 127 188 400
Rank change year-on-year +61 +212 +267
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,936 3,178 1,437
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 1.82% 0.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.93% 1.98% 0.88%
Number of salaries quoted 2,949 2,721 1,246
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,871 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -5.69% +10.00% +17.65%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 134,416 160,885 163,088
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.04% 91.89% 91.98%
Number of salaries quoted 105,800 128,722 131,344
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +62 3,668 £65,000 +8.33% 552
London +58 2,016 £70,000 - 259
UK excluding London +70 1,839 £51,871 -5.69% 317
South East +92 609 £52,500 +5.00% 87
North of England +133 352 £45,100 -5.05% 73
South West +43 333 £52,500 -4.55% 46
North West +96 229 £47,500 +2.70% 49
East of England -38 187 £55,000 -4.35% 47
Scotland +91 161 £50,000 +5.26% 18
Midlands +63 158 £47,500 +11.76% 40
Yorkshire +94 115 £45,100 -18.00% 19
West Midlands +32 103 £40,000 -4.19% 29
East Midlands +34 55 £55,000 +29.41% 11
Wales +30 33 £52,500 +16.67% 4
Northern Ireland -14 12 £44,500 -3.78% 2
North East +9 8 £45,000 - 5

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 2,171 (55.16%) Machine Learning
2 1,584 (40.24%) Python
3 1,570 (39.89%) Agile Software Development
4 1,032 (26.22%) Java
5 1,025 (26.04%) Analytics
6 906 (23.02%) Software Engineering
7 889 (22.59%) Amazon AWS
8 882 (22.41%) Data Science
9 814 (20.68%) Finance
10 806 (20.48%) DevOps
11 780 (19.82%) JavaScript
12 729 (18.52%) SQL
13 721 (18.32%) Big Data
14 698 (17.73%) Degree
15 670 (17.02%) Microsoft Azure
16 626 (15.90%) C#
17 622 (15.80%) Docker
18 508 (12.91%) Linux
19 505 (12.83%) Computer Science
20 499 (12.68%) C++
21 468 (11.89%) Algorithms
22 454 (11.53%) Microsoft
23 444 (11.28%) Problem-Solving
24 438 (11.13%) Analytical Skills
25 425 (10.80%) .NET
26 421 (10.70%) HTML
27 395 (10.04%) Scrum
28 385 (9.78%) Google Cloud Platform
29 380 (9.65%) Mentoring
29 380 (9.65%) React

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 355 (9.02%) Apache Spark
2 129 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
3 99 (2.52%) Apache
4 64 (1.63%) Confluence
5 51 (1.30%) SharePoint
6 47 (1.19%) SAS
7 40 (1.02%) WebSphere
8 34 (0.86%) Hyperledger
9 27 (0.69%) Apache Pig
9 27 (0.69%) Apache Solr
10 22 (0.56%) IIS
11 19 (0.48%) Tomcat
12 17 (0.43%) CMS
13 14 (0.36%) nginx
13 14 (0.36%) Tornado
14 10 (0.25%) JBoss
14 10 (0.25%) Skype for Business
15 9 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
16 8 (0.20%) WildFly
17 7 (0.18%) Jupyter
Applications
1 94 (2.39%) Chatbot
2 46 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.99%) Photoshop
4 31 (0.79%) Sketch
5 29 (0.74%) Adobe Illustrator
6 28 (0.71%) SPSS
7 27 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
8 24 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 18 (0.46%) Adobe XD
10 17 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
11 16 (0.41%) MS Visio
12 11 (0.28%) InVision
13 9 (0.23%) GNU Octave
14 8 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 7 (0.18%) Stata
16 5 (0.13%) InfoPath
17 4 (0.10%) Adobe Captivate
17 4 (0.10%) InDesign
18 3 (0.076%) Microsoft Project
19 2 (0.051%) Weka
Business Applications
1 24 (0.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 12 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.20%) nopCommerce
5 7 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.10%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.076%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.076%) SAP S/4HANA
8 2 (0.051%) Sage 200
9 1 (0.025%) Magento
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.025%) Quorum
9 1 (0.025%) R3 Corda
9 1 (0.025%) SAP MDG
9 1 (0.025%) SAP MDM
9 1 (0.025%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.025%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 889 (22.59%) Amazon AWS
2 670 (17.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 385 (9.78%) Google Cloud Platform
4 186 (4.73%) Serverless
5 146 (3.71%) SaaS
6 114 (2.90%) AWS Lambda
7 105 (2.67%) Cloud Computing
8 97 (2.46%) Power Platform
9 78 (1.98%) Amazon S3
10 59 (1.50%) IBM Cloud
11 58 (1.47%) Azure Stack
12 56 (1.42%) Office 365
13 54 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
14 53 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
15 51 (1.30%) Azure Machine Learning
16 49 (1.24%) IaaS
17 48 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
17 48 (1.22%) PaaS
18 39 (0.99%) GitHub
19 30 (0.76%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 111 (2.82%) Internet
2 59 (1.50%) Firewall
3 45 (1.14%) Broadband
4 44 (1.12%) TCP/IP
5 43 (1.09%) Network Security
6 33 (0.84%) WAN
7 25 (0.64%) Unified Communications
8 24 (0.61%) DNS
9 22 (0.56%) Wireless
10 17 (0.43%) Bluetooth
10 17 (0.43%) HTTP
10 17 (0.43%) VLAN
10 17 (0.43%) VPN
11 16 (0.41%) LAN
11 16 (0.41%) Skype
12 14 (0.36%) MPLS
13 11 (0.28%) Cisco ASA
13 11 (0.28%) Converged Networks
14 10 (0.25%) Remote Desktop
14 10 (0.25%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 721 (18.32%) Big Data
2 299 (7.60%) Hadoop
3 269 (6.83%) NoSQL
4 248 (6.30%) Blockchain
5 197 (5.01%) SQL Server
6 151 (3.84%) MongoDB
7 136 (3.46%) Data Warehouse
8 133 (3.38%) PostgreSQL
9 130 (3.30%) MySQL
10 112 (2.85%) Apache Cassandra
11 104 (2.64%) Neo4j
12 96 (2.44%) Power BI
13 95 (2.41%) Relational Database
14 90 (2.29%) Data Mining
15 74 (1.88%) Data Lake
16 71 (1.80%) Apache Hive
17 53 (1.35%) Redis
18 51 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 51 (1.30%) BigQuery
19 49 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 317 (8.05%) Git (software)
2 313 (7.95%) Jenkins
3 149 (3.79%) JIRA
4 75 (1.91%) GitLab
5 74 (1.88%) Maven
6 66 (1.68%) TeamCity
7 57 (1.45%) Selenium
8 49 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
9 43 (1.09%) Bitbucket
10 38 (0.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 38 (0.97%) Subversion
11 33 (0.84%) Vagrant
12 32 (0.81%) Artifactory
12 32 (0.81%) Visual Studio
13 29 (0.74%) Cucumber
14 26 (0.66%) Eclipse
15 25 (0.64%) Octopus Deploy
16 22 (0.56%) Gradle
16 22 (0.56%) Hudson
17 21 (0.53%) webpack
General
1 814 (20.68%) Finance
2 343 (8.71%) Retail
3 339 (8.61%) Banking
4 271 (6.89%) Marketing
5 108 (2.74%) Law
6 105 (2.67%) Games
7 99 (2.52%) Telecoms
8 80 (2.03%) Manufacturing
9 67 (1.70%) Automotive
10 63 (1.60%) Front Office
10 63 (1.60%) Legal
11 53 (1.35%) Electronics
12 48 (1.22%) Military
13 43 (1.09%) Financial Institution
14 32 (0.81%) Advertising
15 29 (0.74%) Investment Banking
16 21 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
17 13 (0.33%) Billing
18 11 (0.28%) Aerospace
19 10 (0.25%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,132 (28.76%) Developer
2 411 (10.44%) Software Engineer
3 303 (7.70%) Data Scientist
4 267 (6.78%) Architect
5 263 (6.68%) Java Developer
6 215 (5.46%) Senior Developer
7 196 (4.98%) DevOps Engineer
8 187 (4.75%) Python Developer
9 179 (4.55%) Analyst
10 176 (4.47%) .NET Developer
11 162 (4.12%) Consultant
12 155 (3.94%) Data Engineer
12 155 (3.94%) Software Developer
13 129 (3.28%) Python Engineer
14 118 (3.00%) Java Engineer
14 118 (3.00%) Senior Software Engineer
15 115 (2.92%) Junior
16 103 (2.62%) C# Developer
17 101 (2.57%) Solutions Architect
18 96 (2.44%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 425 (10.80%) .NET
2 421 (10.70%) HTML
3 380 (9.65%) React
4 373 (9.48%) Node.js
5 365 (9.27%) CSS
6 352 (8.94%) Natural Language Processing
7 351 (8.92%) AngularJS
8 240 (6.10%) RESTful
9 213 (5.41%) Web Services
10 205 (5.21%) TensorFlow
11 180 (4.57%) scikit-learn
12 168 (4.27%) Kafka
13 161 (4.09%) ASP.NET
14 159 (4.04%) Spring
15 146 (3.71%) Pandas
16 140 (3.56%) .NET Core
17 139 (3.53%) Vue.js
18 134 (3.40%) REST
19 118 (3.00%) jQuery
20 116 (2.95%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 468 (11.89%) Algorithms
2 438 (11.13%) Analytical Skills
3 313 (7.95%) User Experience
4 311 (7.90%) Robotics
5 211 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
6 155 (3.94%) Public Cloud
7 146 (3.71%) Self-Motivation
8 127 (3.23%) Data Structures
9 97 (2.46%) Hybrid Cloud
10 83 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
11 74 (1.88%) Internet of Things
11 74 (1.88%) Mobile App
12 66 (1.68%) Management Information System
13 59 (1.50%) Social Media
14 45 (1.14%) Cloud Native
15 41 (1.04%) Augmented Reality
15 41 (1.04%) Private Cloud
16 36 (0.91%) Virtual Team
17 34 (0.86%) Smartphone
18 33 (0.84%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 508 (12.91%) Linux
2 258 (6.55%) Windows
3 142 (3.61%) Android
4 105 (2.67%) Unix
5 59 (1.50%) Apple iOS
6 35 (0.89%) Mac OS X
7 30 (0.76%) Ubuntu
8 28 (0.71%) CentOS
9 26 (0.66%) Windows 10
9 26 (0.66%) Windows Server
10 10 (0.25%) Windows 7
11 6 (0.15%) Debian
11 6 (0.15%) VxWorks
12 4 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.10%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.076%) CoreOS
14 2 (0.051%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.025%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,171 (55.16%) Machine Learning
2 1,570 (39.89%) Agile Software Development
3 1,025 (26.04%) Analytics
4 906 (23.02%) Software Engineering
5 882 (22.41%) Data Science
6 806 (20.48%) DevOps
7 505 (12.83%) Computer Science
8 444 (11.28%) Problem-Solving
9 395 (10.04%) Scrum
10 380 (9.65%) Mentoring
11 376 (9.55%) Microservices
11 376 (9.55%) TDD
12 362 (9.20%) Fintech
13 356 (9.04%) Data Analytics
14 321 (8.16%) Mathematics
15 313 (7.95%) Open Source
16 311 (7.90%) Test Automation
17 308 (7.83%) Deep Learning
18 273 (6.94%) Business Intelligence
19 262 (6.66%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,584 (40.24%) Python
2 1,032 (26.22%) Java
3 780 (19.82%) JavaScript
4 729 (18.52%) SQL
5 626 (15.90%) C#
6 499 (12.68%) C++
7 284 (7.22%) R
8 263 (6.68%) C
9 237 (6.02%) Scala
10 175 (4.45%) PHP
11 173 (4.40%) Bash Shell
12 162 (4.12%) Go
13 127 (3.23%) ES6
14 124 (3.15%) Ruby
15 123 (3.13%) TypeScript
16 102 (2.59%) Java 8
17 98 (2.49%) MATLAB
18 83 (2.11%) PowerShell
19 52 (1.32%) Groovy
20 49 (1.24%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 698 (17.73%) Degree
2 246 (6.25%) PhD
2 246 (6.25%) Security Cleared
3 153 (3.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 146 (3.71%) DV Cleared
5 137 (3.48%) SC Cleared
6 73 (1.85%) Microsoft Certification
7 30 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
8 29 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
9 28 (0.71%) Master's Degree
10 23 (0.58%) MCSA
11 16 (0.41%) AWS Certification
12 15 (0.38%) Postgraduate
13 12 (0.30%) DBS Check
13 12 (0.30%) MCP
13 12 (0.30%) RHCA
14 11 (0.28%) CCENT
15 10 (0.25%) CISSP
16 9 (0.23%) A+ Certification
16 9 (0.23%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (3.46%) QA
2 46 (1.17%) Data Quality
3 36 (0.91%) GDPR
4 20 (0.51%) SLA
5 15 (0.38%) PCI DSS
6 9 (0.23%) NIST
7 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.13%) COBIT
9 4 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.076%) DICOM
10 3 (0.076%) HL7
10 3 (0.076%) MiFID
10 3 (0.076%) PMO
10 3 (0.076%) Solvency II
11 2 (0.051%) IFRS
11 2 (0.051%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.051%) PSD2
12 1 (0.025%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.025%) EMIR
12 1 (0.025%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 622 (15.80%) Docker
2 46 (1.17%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.71%) VirtualBox
4 22 (0.56%) vSphere
5 17 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
6 16 (0.41%) XenApp
6 16 (0.41%) XenDesktop
7 13 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.30%) pfSense
9 8 (0.20%) HDFS
10 6 (0.15%) Apache Flume
10 6 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.15%) Hyper-V
11 5 (0.13%) Firmware
12 3 (0.076%) KVM
13 2 (0.051%) DFS Replication
13 2 (0.051%) NFS
13 2 (0.051%) Terminal Server
13 2 (0.051%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 376 (9.55%) Kubernetes
2 260 (6.61%) Ansible
3 254 (6.45%) Terraform
4 119 (3.02%) Opscode Chef
5 81 (2.06%) Puppet
6 32 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
7 23 (0.58%) Microsoft Intune
8 19 (0.48%) Kibana
9 17 (0.43%) Oozie
10 13 (0.33%) Salt
11 12 (0.30%) Prometheus
12 11 (0.28%) FortiGate
13 10 (0.25%) HP Data Protector
13 10 (0.25%) Mesos
13 10 (0.25%) NetBackup
14 8 (0.20%) Plesk
15 6 (0.15%) Ambari
15 6 (0.15%) yum
16 5 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
16 5 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 454 (11.53%) Microsoft
2 324 (8.23%) Google
3 129 (3.28%) IBM
4 122 (3.10%) Oracle
5 121 (3.07%) Tableau
6 69 (1.75%) Blue Prism
7 58 (1.47%) Adobe
8 51 (1.30%) SAP
9 50 (1.27%) Cisco
9 50 (1.27%) Informatica
10 46 (1.17%) UiPath
11 45 (1.14%) Cognizant
12 44 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
13 41 (1.04%) Databricks
13 41 (1.04%) VMware
14 39 (0.99%) Automation Anywhere
15 33 (0.84%) Cloudera
15 33 (0.84%) Splunk
16 24 (0.61%) Hortonworks
17 22 (0.56%) CommVault