Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 153 274 585
Rank change year-on-year +121 +311 +449
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,544 2,274 803
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.23% 1.27% 0.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 1.38% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 2,923 1,967 736
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £28,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £93,750 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +17.65% -5.56%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 145,362 164,208 169,022
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.61% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 114,777 130,654 140,219
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +115 3,350 £65,000 +8.33% 583
London +100 1,903 £72,500 +11.54% 314
UK excluding London +118 1,580 £52,500 +5.00% 292
South East +150 548 £55,000 +10.00% 84
East of England +20 329 £60,000 - 71
South West +88 221 £55,000 - 34
North of England +33 172 £45,000 -10.00% 50
Midlands +124 165 £41,000 +36.67% 30
West Midlands +88 108 £39,114 +34.88% 16
North West +7 101 £45,000 -10.00% 28
Scotland +37 94 £50,000 +17.65% 9
Yorkshire +57 60 £45,000 -10.00% 10
East Midlands +59 57 £45,000 +55.17% 14
Northern Ireland +22 37 £42,500 +18.06% 7
Wales +21 19 £53,750 +53.57% 7
North East +6 11 £45,000 +12.50% 12

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 2,001 (56.46%) Machine Learning
2 1,471 (41.51%) Python
3 1,081 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
4 876 (24.72%) Analytics
5 866 (24.44%) Java
6 855 (24.13%) Big Data
7 757 (21.36%) Data Science
8 753 (21.25%) Finance
9 741 (20.91%) Software Engineering
10 720 (20.32%) Amazon AWS
11 707 (19.95%) JavaScript
12 686 (19.36%) SQL
13 660 (18.62%) C++
14 641 (18.09%) Degree
15 603 (17.01%) Linux
16 561 (15.83%) Algorithms
17 549 (15.49%) DevOps
18 543 (15.32%) Computer Science
19 529 (14.93%) Deep Learning
20 527 (14.87%) Mathematics
21 514 (14.50%) Microsoft Azure
22 482 (13.60%) C#
23 469 (13.23%) PhD
24 442 (12.47%) Natural Language Processing
25 393 (11.09%) Apache Spark
25 393 (11.09%) HTML
26 379 (10.69%) Hadoop
26 379 (10.69%) Docker
27 378 (10.67%) Business Intelligence
28 377 (10.64%) R

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 393 (11.09%) Apache Spark
2 179 (5.05%) Apache
3 106 (2.99%) Elasticsearch
4 85 (2.40%) SAS
5 50 (1.41%) Apache Pig
6 31 (0.87%) CMS
7 28 (0.79%) Apache Solr
8 24 (0.68%) Confluence
9 22 (0.62%) Hyperledger
10 18 (0.51%) SharePoint
11 17 (0.48%) Jupyter
12 16 (0.45%) Tomcat
13 14 (0.40%) Ethereum
14 13 (0.37%) MS Exchange
15 10 (0.28%) JBoss
15 10 (0.28%) OpenStack
16 8 (0.23%) Drupal
16 8 (0.23%) nginx
17 7 (0.20%) IIS
18 4 (0.11%) Kinematics
Applications
1 105 (2.96%) Chatbot
2 65 (1.83%) Photoshop
3 59 (1.66%) Adobe Illustrator
4 35 (0.99%) GNU Octave
5 32 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
5 32 (0.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 25 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
7 16 (0.45%) SPSS
8 11 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 10 (0.28%) InVision
10 8 (0.23%) RoboHelp
11 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
11 6 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.11%) Simulink
12 4 (0.11%) Stata
13 2 (0.056%) Weka
14 1 (0.028%) AutoCAD
14 1 (0.028%) OmniGraffle
14 1 (0.028%) SOLIDWORKS
14 1 (0.028%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
1 18 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
3 14 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
4 6 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.17%) Oracle Retail
4 6 (0.17%) SAP HR
5 4 (0.11%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.085%) Magento
7 2 (0.056%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.056%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.056%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.028%) BigMachines
8 1 (0.028%) Cognos TM1
Cloud Services
1 720 (20.32%) Amazon AWS
2 514 (14.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 234 (6.60%) Google Cloud Platform
4 100 (2.82%) SaaS
5 81 (2.29%) Serverless
6 65 (1.83%) GitHub
7 59 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
8 58 (1.64%) PaaS
9 44 (1.24%) Amazon S3
10 41 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
11 39 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
12 33 (0.93%) Office 365
13 27 (0.76%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
14 26 (0.73%) Amazon SageMaker
15 25 (0.71%) Azure Machine Learning
16 22 (0.62%) Amazon ELB
16 22 (0.62%) IBM Cloud
17 20 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.56%) Heroku
18 18 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.45%) Internet
2 36 (1.02%) TCP/IP
3 32 (0.90%) WebEx
4 29 (0.82%) Firewall
5 21 (0.59%) Network Security
6 20 (0.56%) DNS
7 17 (0.48%) HTTP
7 17 (0.48%) SAN
8 14 (0.40%) LAN
8 14 (0.40%) WAN
9 12 (0.34%) VLAN
9 12 (0.34%) Wireless
10 11 (0.31%) DHCP
11 10 (0.28%) VPN
12 7 (0.20%) Bluetooth
12 7 (0.20%) FCoE
12 7 (0.20%) Fibre Channel
12 7 (0.20%) iSCSI
12 7 (0.20%) NAS
12 7 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 855 (24.13%) Big Data
2 379 (10.69%) Hadoop
3 271 (7.65%) NoSQL
4 186 (5.25%) Blockchain
5 177 (4.99%) Apache Hive
6 160 (4.51%) Power BI
7 152 (4.29%) MongoDB
8 143 (4.03%) Data Warehouse
9 140 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
10 129 (3.64%) SQL Server
11 107 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
12 88 (2.48%) Relational Database
13 86 (2.43%) Data Mining
14 74 (2.09%) MySQL
15 67 (1.89%) HBase
15 67 (1.89%) Neo4j
16 64 (1.81%) Text Mining
17 56 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 53 (1.50%) Data Lake
19 45 (1.27%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 306 (8.63%) Git (software)
2 191 (5.39%) Jenkins
3 92 (2.60%) JIRA
4 89 (2.51%) Selenium
5 73 (2.06%) Subversion
6 52 (1.47%) Maven
7 51 (1.44%) TeamCity
8 46 (1.30%) SoapUI
9 45 (1.27%) JUnit
10 37 (1.04%) JMeter
11 36 (1.02%) Visual Studio
12 35 (0.99%) GitLab
13 34 (0.96%) Vagrant
14 30 (0.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 25 (0.71%) Cucumber
16 20 (0.56%) Balsamiq Mockups
16 20 (0.56%) Gradle
16 20 (0.56%) webpack
17 19 (0.54%) Octopus Deploy
18 18 (0.51%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 753 (21.25%) Finance
2 331 (9.34%) Retail
3 235 (6.63%) Banking
4 191 (5.39%) Marketing
5 178 (5.02%) Telecoms
6 130 (3.67%) Law
7 125 (3.53%) Games
8 95 (2.68%) Publishing
9 88 (2.48%) Manufacturing
10 72 (2.03%) Legal
11 66 (1.86%) Automotive
12 62 (1.75%) Electronics
13 50 (1.41%) Investment Banking
14 45 (1.27%) Financial Institution
15 36 (1.02%) Military
16 32 (0.90%) Retail Banking
17 30 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
18 27 (0.76%) Advertising
19 18 (0.51%) Front Office
20 15 (0.42%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,068 (30.14%) Developer
2 309 (8.72%) Software Engineer
3 287 (8.10%) Data Scientist
4 219 (6.18%) Architect
5 181 (5.11%) Python Developer
6 174 (4.91%) DevOps Engineer
6 174 (4.91%) Java Developer
7 166 (4.68%) Software Developer
8 160 (4.51%) Consultant
9 158 (4.46%) Senior Developer
10 142 (4.01%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 126 (3.56%) Data Engineer
12 121 (3.41%) Python Engineer
13 114 (3.22%) Analyst
14 110 (3.10%) Solutions Architect
15 108 (3.05%) Senior Data Scientist
16 103 (2.91%) Machine Learning Researcher
17 98 (2.77%) Full Stack Developer
18 89 (2.51%) .NET Developer
19 84 (2.37%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 442 (12.47%) Natural Language Processing
2 393 (11.09%) HTML
3 368 (10.38%) AngularJS
4 361 (10.19%) React
5 356 (10.05%) CSS
6 311 (8.78%) .NET
7 272 (7.67%) TensorFlow
8 265 (7.48%) Node.js
9 225 (6.35%) Web Services
10 165 (4.66%) Kafka
11 156 (4.40%) REST
12 152 (4.29%) RESTful
13 143 (4.03%) HTML5
14 124 (3.50%) CSS3
15 116 (3.27%) Django
16 106 (2.99%) Vue.js
17 104 (2.93%) Redux
18 101 (2.85%) scikit-learn
19 87 (2.45%) jQuery
20 82 (2.31%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 561 (15.83%) Algorithms
2 344 (9.71%) Robotics
3 303 (8.55%) Analytical Skills
4 215 (6.07%) Greenfield Project
5 204 (5.76%) Fintech
6 183 (5.16%) User Experience
7 107 (3.02%) Data Structures
8 79 (2.23%) Mobile App
9 75 (2.12%) Internet of Things
10 74 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
11 66 (1.86%) Hedge funds
12 51 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
13 50 (1.41%) Virtual Team
14 47 (1.33%) Management Information System
15 43 (1.21%) Social Network
16 38 (1.07%) Social Media
17 34 (0.96%) Life Science
18 30 (0.85%) Tandem
19 29 (0.82%) Equities
20 28 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 603 (17.01%) Linux
2 124 (3.50%) Windows
3 96 (2.71%) Unix
4 52 (1.47%) Android
5 50 (1.41%) Apple iOS
6 22 (0.62%) Debian
6 22 (0.62%) Ubuntu
7 18 (0.51%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.31%) Robot Operating System
10 9 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.23%) CentOS
12 7 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
12 7 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.14%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.11%) Windows 2000
14 4 (0.11%) Windows 7
15 2 (0.056%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.056%) Mesosphere
16 1 (0.028%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,001 (56.46%) Machine Learning
2 1,081 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
3 876 (24.72%) Analytics
4 757 (21.36%) Data Science
5 741 (20.91%) Software Engineering
6 549 (15.49%) DevOps
7 543 (15.32%) Computer Science
8 529 (14.93%) Deep Learning
9 527 (14.87%) Mathematics
10 378 (10.67%) Business Intelligence
11 322 (9.09%) Neural Network
12 320 (9.03%) TDD
13 298 (8.41%) Visualisation
14 297 (8.38%) Statistics
15 296 (8.35%) Microservices
16 294 (8.30%) Scrum
17 273 (7.70%) Problem-Solving
18 267 (7.53%) Data Analytics
19 262 (7.39%) Continuous Integration
20 258 (7.28%) Computer Vision
Programming Languages
1 1,471 (41.51%) Python
2 866 (24.44%) Java
3 707 (19.95%) JavaScript
4 686 (19.36%) SQL
5 660 (18.62%) C++
6 482 (13.60%) C#
7 377 (10.64%) R
8 290 (8.18%) C
9 213 (6.01%) Scala
10 155 (4.37%) MATLAB
11 132 (3.72%) Go
12 110 (3.10%) Ruby
13 100 (2.82%) ES6
13 100 (2.82%) PHP
14 83 (2.34%) Bash Shell
15 68 (1.92%) Java 8
16 52 (1.47%) TypeScript
17 50 (1.41%) PowerShell
18 44 (1.24%) Shell Script
19 33 (0.93%) Julia
Qualifications
1 641 (18.09%) Degree
2 469 (13.23%) PhD
3 148 (4.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 131 (3.70%) MPhil
5 61 (1.72%) Security Cleared
6 44 (1.24%) Master's Degree
7 37 (1.04%) SC Cleared
8 27 (0.76%) DV Cleared
9 25 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
11 16 (0.45%) MBA
12 14 (0.40%) CISSP
13 12 (0.34%) PMI Certification
13 12 (0.34%) PMP
13 12 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.25%) GCIA
14 9 (0.25%) Postgraduate
15 8 (0.23%) MCSE
15 8 (0.23%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 7 (0.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (4.80%) QA
2 46 (1.30%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.56%) GDPR
4 13 (0.37%) PMO
5 12 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.17%) COBIT
6 6 (0.17%) SLA
7 5 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.14%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.085%) GPG13
8 3 (0.085%) IEC 61508
8 3 (0.085%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.085%) MISRA
8 3 (0.085%) MISRA C
8 3 (0.085%) PSD2
9 2 (0.056%) JTAG
9 2 (0.056%) MiFID
9 2 (0.056%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.056%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.028%) IFRS
System Software
1 379 (10.69%) Docker
2 39 (1.10%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.79%) VirtualBox
4 26 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
5 25 (0.71%) HDFS
6 15 (0.42%) vSphere
7 14 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
8 9 (0.25%) Apache Flume
9 8 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.20%) Samba
11 4 (0.11%) Snort
11 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.085%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.056%) etcd
13 2 (0.056%) Firmware
13 2 (0.056%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.028%) Ceph
14 1 (0.028%) LXC
Systems Management
1 256 (7.22%) Kubernetes
2 162 (4.57%) Ansible
3 97 (2.74%) Puppet
4 93 (2.62%) Terraform
5 77 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (1.35%) Hadoop YARN
7 34 (0.96%) Oozie
8 24 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
8 24 (0.68%) Prometheus
9 23 (0.65%) Salt
10 20 (0.56%) Kibana
10 20 (0.56%) Mesos
11 13 (0.37%) logstash
12 9 (0.25%) Grafana
13 7 (0.20%) SCOrch
13 7 (0.20%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 4 (0.11%) Ambari
15 3 (0.085%) Istio
15 3 (0.085%) Nagios
15 3 (0.085%) Suricata
Vendors
1 234 (6.60%) Microsoft
2 229 (6.46%) Google
3 178 (5.02%) Tableau
4 112 (3.16%) SAP
5 92 (2.60%) Oracle
6 73 (2.06%) Cloudera
7 64 (1.81%) Blue Prism
7 64 (1.81%) IBM
8 48 (1.35%) Hortonworks
9 45 (1.27%) UiPath
10 43 (1.21%) Cognizant
11 38 (1.07%) Apple
12 36 (1.02%) Adobe
13 35 (0.99%) Automation Anywhere
13 35 (0.99%) MapR
14 33 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
15 31 (0.87%) Cisco
15 31 (0.87%) Databricks
16 24 (0.68%) Facebook
17 21 (0.59%) Informatica