Period
to 17 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 485 702 1150
Rank change year-on-year +217 +448 -81
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1002 589 147
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.31% 0.067%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.64% 0.34% 0.076%
Number of salaries quoted 856 564 146
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +27.78% -10.00%
10th Percentile £29,875 £27,500 £28,125
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,875 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +17.65% +6.25% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157359 171111 192913
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.96% 89.17% 88.57%
Number of salaries quoted 123907 142468 158541
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +6.25%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +218 959 £60,000 +4.35% 123
UK excluding London +333 497 £50,000 +17.65% 49
London +34 490 £62,500 +4.17% 75
East of England +180 208 £60,000 -11.11% 30
South East +128 114 £60,000 +71.43% 5
North of England +90 89 £50,000 -4.76% 4
North West +58 68 £52,500 +50.00% 4
South West +52 46 £38,750 -18.42% 5
Scotland - 29 £32,000 - 1
Yorkshire +45 15 £50,000 -4.76%
Midlands +11 15 £46,250 +98.92% 4
West Midlands +2 13 £47,500 +111.11% 4
North East - 6 £40,000 -
Wales +6 3 £49,700 +98.80%
East Midlands +33 1 £40,000 +77.78%

For the 6 months to 17 October 2017, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 702 (70.06%) Machine Learning
2 544 (54.29%) Python
3 392 (39.12%) Java
4 280 (27.94%) C++
5 273 (27.25%) Software Engineering
6 271 (27.05%) Agile Software Development
7 261 (26.05%) PhD
8 258 (25.75%) Algorithms
9 238 (23.75%) Big Data
10 227 (22.65%) Finance
11 223 (22.26%) Computer Science
12 208 (20.76%) Analytics
13 204 (20.36%) Mathematics
14 198 (19.76%) C#
15 196 (19.56%) Natural Language Processing
16 179 (17.86%) Degree
17 173 (17.27%) JavaScript
18 155 (15.47%) Deep Learning
19 154 (15.37%) SQL
20 152 (15.17%) R
21 149 (14.87%) Apache Spark
22 125 (12.48%) Hadoop
22 125 (12.48%) Amazon AWS
22 125 (12.48%) Linux
23 124 (12.38%) C
24 123 (12.28%) Physics
25 117 (11.68%) Microsoft
25 117 (11.68%) DevOps
26 108 (10.78%) MATLAB
27 106 (10.58%) Data Analytics

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (14.87%) Apache Spark
2 21 (2.10%) Apache
3 19 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
4 15 (1.50%) MS Exchange
5 14 (1.40%) SAS
6 13 (1.30%) Apache Solr
7 12 (1.20%) Apache Pig
8 9 (0.90%) DNN
9 5 (0.50%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.40%) FileNet
10 4 (0.40%) Tornado
10 4 (0.40%) Umbraco
10 4 (0.40%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.30%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.20%) GeoServer
12 2 (0.20%) nginx
12 2 (0.20%) Skype for Business
13 1 (0.100%) EPiServer
13 1 (0.100%) Exchange Server 2013
13 1 (0.100%) IIS
Applications
1 22 (2.20%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.60%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.60%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.60%) SPSS
4 3 (0.30%) GNU Octave
4 3 (0.30%) Stata
5 2 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
5 2 (0.20%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.100%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.100%) InVision
6 1 (0.100%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.100%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 7 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.20%) FastStats
3 2 (0.20%) HFM
3 2 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.20%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.100%) Actimize
4 1 (0.100%) Magento
4 1 (0.100%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.100%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 125 (12.48%) Amazon AWS
2 63 (6.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 33 (3.29%) GitHub
4 28 (2.79%) Google Cloud Platform
5 23 (2.30%) SaaS
6 12 (1.20%) Amazon EC2
6 12 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
7 11 (1.10%) PaaS
8 10 (1.00%) IaaS
9 9 (0.90%) Azure Machine Learning
10 8 (0.80%) Amazon EMR
10 8 (0.80%) Amazon Kinesis
11 4 (0.40%) Boomi
11 4 (0.40%) IBM Blueworks
11 4 (0.40%) OpenShift
12 3 (0.30%) Amazon ELB
12 3 (0.30%) Amazon S3
13 2 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 2 (0.20%) Bluemix
13 2 (0.20%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.50%) TCP/IP
2 20 (2.00%) Internet
3 12 (1.20%) Network Security
4 9 (0.90%) SMTP
5 8 (0.80%) SMS
6 5 (0.50%) DNS
7 4 (0.40%) DHCP
7 4 (0.40%) HTTP
7 4 (0.40%) Wireless
8 3 (0.30%) SAN
8 3 (0.30%) Skype
9 2 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.100%) Fibre Channel
10 1 (0.100%) Firewall
10 1 (0.100%) Intranet
10 1 (0.100%) LAN
10 1 (0.100%) NAS
10 1 (0.100%) OpenVPN
10 1 (0.100%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 238 (23.75%) Big Data
2 125 (12.48%) Hadoop
3 59 (5.89%) PostgreSQL
4 58 (5.79%) NoSQL
5 57 (5.69%) MongoDB
6 44 (4.39%) SQL Server
7 43 (4.29%) Apache Hive
8 36 (3.59%) Apache Cassandra
9 34 (3.39%) MySQL
10 33 (3.29%) Data Mining
11 29 (2.89%) Relational Database
12 23 (2.30%) Blockchain
12 23 (2.30%) Neo4j
13 21 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
14 17 (1.70%) Amazon Redshift
15 16 (1.60%) Text Mining
16 11 (1.10%) Impala
16 11 (1.10%) Redis
17 9 (0.90%) Data Lake
18 8 (0.80%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 58 (5.79%) Git (software)
2 39 (3.89%) Selenium
3 36 (3.59%) Cucumber
4 32 (3.19%) Jenkins
5 19 (1.90%) WebDriver
6 13 (1.30%) JIRA
7 11 (1.10%) Maven
8 9 (0.90%) JUnit
8 9 (0.90%) SpecFlow
9 8 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
10 7 (0.70%) Ant
10 7 (0.70%) TeamCity
11 6 (0.60%) Dreamweaver
12 5 (0.50%) Bitbucket
12 5 (0.50%) GitLab
12 5 (0.50%) NetBeans
12 5 (0.50%) Octopus Deploy
13 3 (0.30%) Vagrant
13 3 (0.30%) Visual Studio
14 2 (0.20%) NUnit
General
1 227 (22.65%) Finance
2 73 (7.29%) Legal
3 72 (7.19%) Banking
4 44 (4.39%) Marketing
5 42 (4.19%) Retail
6 39 (3.89%) Games
7 16 (1.60%) Financial Institution
8 14 (1.40%) Investment Banking
9 12 (1.20%) Automotive
9 12 (1.20%) Military
9 12 (1.20%) Telecoms
10 11 (1.10%) Retail Banking
11 10 (1.00%) Electronics
12 8 (0.80%) Law
13 7 (0.70%) Advertising
13 7 (0.70%) Publishing
14 6 (0.60%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.50%) Aerospace
16 4 (0.40%) Back Office
16 4 (0.40%) Cantonese Language
Job Titles
1 285 (28.44%) Developer
2 158 (15.77%) Software Engineer
3 116 (11.58%) Data Scientist
4 108 (10.78%) Software Developer
5 65 (6.49%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 55 (5.49%) C++ Software Engineer
7 49 (4.89%) Python Developer
8 48 (4.79%) DevOps Engineer
8 48 (4.79%) Java Developer
8 48 (4.79%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 46 (4.59%) Consultant
10 42 (4.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 39 (3.89%) C++ Developer
12 38 (3.79%) Machine Learning Developer
13 36 (3.59%) C++ Software Developer
14 35 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
14 35 (3.49%) Junior
15 31 (3.09%) Java Engineer
16 30 (2.99%) Artificial Intelligence Developer
17 28 (2.79%) Machine Learning Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 196 (19.56%) Natural Language Processing
2 101 (10.08%) .NET
3 85 (8.48%) HTML
4 78 (7.78%) AngularJS
5 75 (7.49%) Node.js
6 74 (7.39%) CSS
7 73 (7.29%) TensorFlow
8 43 (4.29%) React
9 42 (4.19%) ASP.NET
10 41 (4.09%) RESTful
11 32 (3.19%) Theano
12 30 (2.99%) Web Services
13 28 (2.79%) D3.js
13 28 (2.79%) Django
14 26 (2.59%) REST
15 25 (2.50%) jQuery
16 22 (2.20%) Kafka
17 20 (2.00%) RabbitMQ
17 20 (2.00%) scikit-learn
18 19 (1.90%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 258 (25.75%) Algorithms
2 223 (22.26%) Computer Science
3 105 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
4 84 (8.38%) Robotics
5 78 (7.78%) Greenfield Project
6 51 (5.09%) Cyberthreat
7 44 (4.39%) User Experience
8 43 (4.29%) Smart City
9 37 (3.69%) Fintech
10 20 (2.00%) Management Information System
11 17 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (1.70%) Internet of Things
12 16 (1.60%) Clustering
13 15 (1.50%) Tandem
14 14 (1.40%) Cyber Defence
14 14 (1.40%) Social Media
15 10 (1.00%) Smart Home
16 9 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 8 (0.80%) Data Centre
17 8 (0.80%) HoloLens
Operating Systems
1 125 (12.48%) Linux
2 58 (5.79%) Windows
3 18 (1.80%) Unix
4 16 (1.60%) Android
5 9 (0.90%) CentOS
6 7 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.60%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.40%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.30%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.30%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.30%) Windows 10
9 3 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.20%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.100%) Debian
11 1 (0.100%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 702 (70.06%) Machine Learning
2 273 (27.25%) Software Engineering
3 271 (27.05%) Agile Software Development
4 208 (20.76%) Analytics
5 204 (20.36%) Mathematics
6 155 (15.47%) Deep Learning
7 123 (12.28%) Physics
8 117 (11.68%) DevOps
9 106 (10.58%) Data Analytics
10 104 (10.38%) TDD
11 102 (10.18%) Statistics
12 93 (9.28%) Neural Network
13 77 (7.68%) Computer Vision
14 76 (7.58%) Open Source
15 73 (7.29%) Cybersecurity
16 72 (7.19%) Microservices
17 69 (6.89%) Reinforcement Learning
18 67 (6.69%) Continuous Integration
19 66 (6.59%) Test Automation
20 61 (6.09%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 544 (54.29%) Python
2 392 (39.12%) Java
3 280 (27.94%) C++
4 198 (19.76%) C#
5 173 (17.27%) JavaScript
6 154 (15.37%) SQL
7 152 (15.17%) R
8 124 (12.38%) C
9 108 (10.78%) MATLAB
10 98 (9.78%) Ruby
11 82 (8.18%) Scala
12 49 (4.89%) Julia
13 24 (2.40%) Perl
14 16 (1.60%) Bash Shell
14 16 (1.60%) Elixir
15 15 (1.50%) PHP
16 13 (1.30%) Go
17 11 (1.10%) VB.NET
18 8 (0.80%) F#
18 8 (0.80%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 261 (26.05%) PhD
2 179 (17.86%) Degree
3 49 (4.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 24 (2.40%) Master's Degree
5 12 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
5 12 (1.20%) Security Cleared
6 10 (1.00%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.70%) CISSP
7 7 (0.70%) ISSAP
7 7 (0.70%) Six Sigma Black Belt
8 6 (0.60%) Six Sigma Master Black Belt
9 4 (0.40%) SC Cleared
10 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.20%) A+ Certification
11 2 (0.20%) ACCA
11 2 (0.20%) CIMA
11 2 (0.20%) MAPM
11 2 (0.20%) MCP
11 2 (0.20%) PMP
11 2 (0.20%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (3.09%) QA
2 9 (0.90%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.60%) GCP
4 5 (0.50%) ECSS
5 4 (0.40%) PMO
6 3 (0.30%) IFRS
7 2 (0.20%) SLA
8 1 (0.100%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.100%) GDPR
8 1 (0.100%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.100%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 95 (9.48%) Docker
2 7 (0.70%) Hyper-V
3 3 (0.30%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.20%) HDFS
5 1 (0.100%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.100%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.100%) Firmware
5 1 (0.100%) KVM
5 1 (0.100%) NFS
5 1 (0.100%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.100%) vSphere
5 1 (0.100%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 41 (4.09%) Kubernetes
2 24 (2.40%) Ansible
3 16 (1.60%) Opscode Chef
3 16 (1.60%) Puppet
3 16 (1.60%) Terraform
4 7 (0.70%) Packer
4 7 (0.70%) Salt
5 6 (0.60%) Grafana
5 6 (0.60%) Munin
5 6 (0.60%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
5 6 (0.60%) ZABBIX
6 4 (0.40%) Graylog
6 4 (0.40%) Kibana
7 3 (0.30%) SCCM
8 2 (0.20%) Mesos
8 2 (0.20%) WSUS
9 1 (0.100%) EMC NetWorker
9 1 (0.100%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.100%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.100%) SCOM
Vendors
1 117 (11.68%) Microsoft
2 50 (4.99%) Google
3 34 (3.39%) IBM
4 31 (3.09%) Tableau
5 20 (2.00%) Oracle
6 18 (1.80%) SAP
7 13 (1.30%) VMware
8 12 (1.20%) Cloudera
9 10 (1.00%) Blue Prism
9 10 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (0.80%) Adobe
11 7 (0.70%) Cisco
12 5 (0.50%) MuleSoft
12 5 (0.50%) Splunk
13 4 (0.40%) Dell
13 4 (0.40%) Hortonworks
13 4 (0.40%) RapidMiner
13 4 (0.40%) Red Hat
14 3 (0.30%) Apple
14 3 (0.30%) Sitecore