Period
to 11 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 11 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
11 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 104 105 125
Rank change year-on-year +1 +20 +82
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,722 2,949 4,058
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.09% 2.97% 2.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.33% 3.22% 3.00%
Number of salaries quoted 1,862 2,528 3,023
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £34,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £85,000 £90,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £120,000 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £51,481 £52,500
% change year-on-year +6.84% -1.94% -4.55%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,686 91,596 135,406
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.69% 92.28% 92.35%
Number of salaries quoted 61,572 73,587 107,232
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,033 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 11 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 11 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 2,455 £65,000 -3.70% 545
London +1 1,433 £75,000 -6.25% 251
UK excluding London +10 1,115 £55,000 +6.84% 322
Work from Home -6 574 £60,000 -7.69% 139
South East -15 313 £55,000 +10.00% 93
South West +4 184 £52,500 +5.00% 54
North of England 0 178 £55,000 +10.00% 61
East of England +42 153 £46,500 -15.45% 52
North West +41 136 £53,750 +13.16% 34
Midlands +11 130 £60,000 +9.09% 33
Scotland +1 116 £53,750 +16.22% 22
West Midlands +18 97 £60,000 +9.09% 26
Yorkshire -52 35 £53,750 +7.50% 15
East Midlands -7 33 £61,250 +36.11% 7
Wales +32 24 £38,000 -10.59% 6
Northern Ireland +9 17 £57,500 -11.54% 2
North East 0 7 £57,500 +4.55% 12

For the 6 months to 11 May 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,357 (49.85%) Machine Learning
2 1,129 (41.48%) Python
3 1,083 (39.79%) Agile Software Development
4 815 (29.94%) Data Science
5 812 (29.83%) AWS
6 768 (28.21%) Software Engineering
7 754 (27.70%) Analytics
8 701 (25.75%) Azure
9 671 (24.65%) Docker
10 655 (24.06%) SQL
11 626 (23.00%) Big Data
12 592 (21.75%) JavaScript
13 551 (20.24%) DevOps
14 539 (19.80%) Kubernetes
15 508 (18.66%) Finance
16 507 (18.63%) Degree
17 492 (18.07%) Java
18 479 (17.60%) GCP
19 473 (17.38%) Social Skills
20 437 (16.05%) Microservices
21 352 (12.93%) C#
22 348 (12.78%) Computer Science
23 336 (12.34%) Problem-Solving
24 321 (11.79%) React
25 314 (11.54%) Scrum
26 289 (10.62%) .NET
27 278 (10.21%) Data Engineering
28 273 (10.03%) Node.js
29 267 (9.81%) Mathematics
30 259 (9.52%) NoSQL

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 212 (7.79%) Apache Spark
2 142 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 86 (3.16%) Confluence
4 55 (2.02%) SAS
5 45 (1.65%) Apache
6 36 (1.32%) Apache Airflow
7 30 (1.10%) CMS
8 23 (0.84%) SharePoint
9 12 (0.44%) nginx
9 12 (0.44%) WordPress
10 11 (0.40%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.26%) Gunicorn
11 7 (0.26%) Headless CMS
12 6 (0.22%) MS Exchange
13 4 (0.15%) Drupal
13 4 (0.15%) IBM Domino
14 3 (0.11%) IIS
14 3 (0.11%) Jupyter
14 3 (0.11%) Umbraco
15 2 (0.073%) Appian
Applications
1 54 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (1.62%) Chatbot
3 34 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.40%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
6 9 (0.33%) Figma
6 9 (0.33%) Simulink
6 9 (0.33%) SPSS
7 6 (0.22%) Campfire
7 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.15%) Adobe XD
8 4 (0.15%) GIMP
8 4 (0.15%) Inkscape
8 4 (0.15%) SOLIDWORKS
9 3 (0.11%) Quicktime
9 3 (0.11%) Sketch
10 2 (0.073%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.073%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.037%) InVision
Business Applications
1 11 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 9 (0.33%) FINCAD Analytics
2 9 (0.33%) HFM
2 9 (0.33%) Hyperion Planning
2 9 (0.33%) Loan IQ
3 6 (0.22%) Primavera
4 5 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.11%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
6 2 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.037%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.037%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.037%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.037%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 812 (29.83%) AWS
2 701 (25.75%) Azure
3 479 (17.60%) GCP
4 170 (6.25%) SaaS
5 150 (5.51%) Serverless
6 114 (4.19%) Power Platform
7 71 (2.61%) Amazon EMR
8 66 (2.42%) IBM Cloud
9 63 (2.31%) PaaS
10 51 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
10 51 (1.87%) GitHub
11 41 (1.51%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 37 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
13 34 (1.25%) Azure Machine Learning
13 34 (1.25%) Cloud Functions
14 33 (1.21%) Amazon EKS
14 33 (1.21%) Azure Functions
15 31 (1.14%) Azure Data Factory
15 31 (1.14%) Google Compute Engine
16 30 (1.10%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 42 (1.54%) Internet
2 36 (1.32%) Firewall
3 27 (0.99%) HTTP
4 14 (0.51%) Broadband
4 14 (0.51%) TCP/IP
4 14 (0.51%) Wireless
5 13 (0.48%) Network Security
6 11 (0.40%) Software-Defined Radio
7 8 (0.29%) Wireshark
8 7 (0.26%) SSH
8 7 (0.26%) WAN
9 6 (0.22%) LAN
9 6 (0.22%) NAS
9 6 (0.22%) VPN
10 5 (0.18%) 5G
10 5 (0.18%) Bluetooth
10 5 (0.18%) DNS
11 4 (0.15%) DHCP
12 3 (0.11%) FTP
12 3 (0.11%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 626 (23.00%) Big Data
2 259 (9.52%) NoSQL
3 175 (6.43%) Hadoop
4 154 (5.66%) PostgreSQL
5 147 (5.40%) SQL Server
6 113 (4.15%) Data Warehouse
7 108 (3.97%) Tableau
8 104 (3.82%) Power BI
9 99 (3.64%) Relational Database
10 98 (3.60%) Neo4j
11 88 (3.23%) Amazon Redshift
12 87 (3.20%) MySQL
13 80 (2.94%) MongoDB
14 68 (2.50%) Redis
15 67 (2.46%) Amazon Athena
16 65 (2.39%) Data Lake
17 59 (2.17%) Electronic Patient Records
18 52 (1.91%) Data Mining
19 49 (1.80%) GIS
20 41 (1.51%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 234 (8.60%) Jenkins
2 203 (7.46%) Git (software)
3 129 (4.74%) JIRA
4 93 (3.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 84 (3.09%) Vagrant
6 38 (1.40%) Cypress.io
7 34 (1.25%) Bitbucket
8 33 (1.21%) webpack
9 31 (1.14%) CircleCI
10 21 (0.77%) GitLab
11 20 (0.73%) Hudson
11 20 (0.73%) Mocha
12 18 (0.66%) Rational DOORS
13 15 (0.55%) gulp
14 14 (0.51%) Maven
14 14 (0.51%) Selenium
15 13 (0.48%) Cucumber
15 13 (0.48%) Octopus Deploy
15 13 (0.48%) Rational Rhapsody
16 10 (0.37%) JUnit
General
1 508 (18.66%) Finance
2 473 (17.38%) Social Skills
3 236 (8.67%) Analytical Skills
4 162 (5.95%) Marketing
5 150 (5.51%) Banking
6 145 (5.33%) Legal
7 110 (4.04%) Games
7 110 (4.04%) Law
8 104 (3.82%) Retail
9 98 (3.60%) Public Sector
10 83 (3.05%) Telecoms
11 69 (2.53%) Manufacturing
12 61 (2.24%) Presentation Skills
13 53 (1.95%) Investment Banking
14 47 (1.73%) Front Office
15 46 (1.69%) Electronics
15 46 (1.69%) Influencing Skills
16 36 (1.32%) Pharmaceutical
17 31 (1.14%) Local Government
18 26 (0.96%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 783 (28.77%) Developer
2 315 (11.57%) Software Engineer
3 230 (8.45%) Data Engineer
4 180 (6.61%) Architect
5 157 (5.77%) Data Scientist
6 156 (5.73%) Senior Developer
7 145 (5.33%) Consultant
8 129 (4.74%) Full Stack Developer
9 115 (4.22%) Graduate
10 109 (4.00%) DevOps Engineer
11 99 (3.64%) Python Engineer
12 98 (3.60%) C# Developer
13 87 (3.20%) Senior Software Engineer
14 85 (3.12%) Platform Engineer
15 84 (3.09%) Software Developer
16 83 (3.05%) .NET Developer
16 83 (3.05%) JavaScript Developer
17 82 (3.01%) Java Developer
18 81 (2.98%) Graduate Developer
19 72 (2.65%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 321 (11.79%) React
2 289 (10.62%) .NET
3 273 (10.03%) Node.js
4 254 (9.33%) CSS
5 240 (8.82%) AngularJS
6 225 (8.27%) HTML
7 182 (6.69%) REST
8 165 (6.06%) Kafka
9 116 (4.26%) Vue.js
10 109 (4.00%) .NET Core
11 107 (3.93%) TensorFlow
12 106 (3.89%) Web Services
13 98 (3.60%) RESTful
14 90 (3.31%) HTML5
15 88 (3.23%) Django
16 74 (2.72%) NumPy
17 71 (2.61%) Redux
18 69 (2.53%) Spark Streaming
19 68 (2.50%) Apache NiFi
20 61 (2.24%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 258 (9.48%) Algorithms
2 197 (7.24%) User Experience
3 101 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
4 93 (3.42%) Cyberattack
5 90 (3.31%) Robotics
6 87 (3.20%) Hedge funds
7 83 (3.05%) Cloud Native
8 65 (2.39%) Data Structures
8 65 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
9 61 (2.24%) Mobile App
10 54 (1.98%) Hybrid Cloud
11 50 (1.84%) Virtual Team
12 49 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 45 (1.65%) Equities
14 42 (1.54%) Fixed Income
15 41 (1.51%) Derivative
16 34 (1.25%) Life Science
17 32 (1.18%) Management Information System
17 32 (1.18%) Public Cloud
18 31 (1.14%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 254 (9.33%) Linux
2 49 (1.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 47 (1.73%) Unix
4 43 (1.58%) CentOS
5 42 (1.54%) Apple iOS
6 41 (1.51%) Android
7 39 (1.43%) Windows
8 16 (0.59%) Embedded Linux
9 9 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.33%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.15%) Debian
12 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.11%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.073%) Solaris
14 1 (0.037%) Fedora
14 1 (0.037%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.037%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,357 (49.85%) Machine Learning
2 1,083 (39.79%) Agile Software Development
3 815 (29.94%) Data Science
4 768 (28.21%) Software Engineering
5 754 (27.70%) Analytics
6 551 (20.24%) DevOps
7 437 (16.05%) Microservices
8 348 (12.78%) Computer Science
9 336 (12.34%) Problem-Solving
10 314 (11.54%) Scrum
11 278 (10.21%) Data Engineering
12 267 (9.81%) Mathematics
13 233 (8.56%) Open Source
14 229 (8.41%) Business Intelligence
15 226 (8.30%) Mentoring
16 225 (8.27%) Project Management
17 217 (7.97%) Continuous Integration
18 215 (7.90%) ETL
19 210 (7.71%) Test Automation
20 208 (7.64%) Collaborative Working
Programming Languages
1 1,129 (41.48%) Python
2 655 (24.06%) SQL
3 592 (21.75%) JavaScript
4 492 (18.07%) Java
5 352 (12.93%) C#
6 213 (7.83%) TypeScript
7 211 (7.75%) C++
8 161 (5.91%) C
9 160 (5.88%) Go
10 126 (4.63%) Scala
11 110 (4.04%) R
12 89 (3.27%) Bash Shell
13 54 (1.98%) PHP
14 50 (1.84%) Ruby
15 47 (1.73%) ES6
16 40 (1.47%) Kotlin
17 37 (1.36%) MATLAB
18 33 (1.21%) PowerShell
19 25 (0.92%) Cython
20 23 (0.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 507 (18.63%) Degree
2 157 (5.77%) PhD
3 134 (4.92%) Computer Science Degree
4 113 (4.15%) Security Cleared
5 53 (1.95%) SC Cleared
6 39 (1.43%) DV Cleared
7 36 (1.32%) Master's Degree
8 17 (0.62%) AWS Certification
8 17 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
9 15 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (0.55%) DBS Check
10 10 (0.37%) ACCA
10 10 (0.37%) PMI Certification
11 9 (0.33%) CIMA
12 7 (0.26%) HNC
12 7 (0.26%) HND
12 7 (0.26%) MBA
13 5 (0.18%) MPhil
13 5 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
14 3 (0.11%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 133 (4.89%) QA
2 42 (1.54%) Data Quality
3 31 (1.14%) GDPR
4 22 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.73%) Dodd-Frank
5 20 (0.73%) EMIR
5 20 (0.73%) MiFID
6 17 (0.62%) CDISC
7 11 (0.40%) SLA
8 10 (0.37%) PMO
9 9 (0.33%) GRC
9 9 (0.33%) WCAG
10 6 (0.22%) NCSC
11 5 (0.18%) Good Clinical Practice
11 5 (0.18%) NIST
12 4 (0.15%) ISO 13485
12 4 (0.15%) NIST 800
12 4 (0.15%) WAI
13 3 (0.11%) IEC 62304
13 3 (0.11%) JTAG
System Software
1 671 (24.65%) Docker
2 66 (2.42%) VirtualBox
3 18 (0.66%) Active Directory
4 14 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.22%) Firmware
7 4 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.11%) Ceph
8 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.073%) iptables
9 2 (0.073%) Postfix
9 2 (0.073%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.037%) HDFS
10 1 (0.037%) KVM
10 1 (0.037%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 539 (19.80%) Kubernetes
2 234 (8.60%) Terraform
3 220 (8.08%) Ansible
4 90 (3.31%) Docker Swarm
5 61 (2.24%) Grafana
6 52 (1.91%) Prometheus
7 46 (1.69%) Puppet
8 32 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
9 21 (0.77%) Nagios
10 19 (0.70%) Packer
11 18 (0.66%) Consul
11 18 (0.66%) Graphite
11 18 (0.66%) Opsview
11 18 (0.66%) Salt
11 18 (0.66%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.33%) Kibana
13 7 (0.26%) systemd
14 6 (0.22%) Marathon
14 6 (0.22%) Mesos
15 5 (0.18%) MIIS
Vendors
1 238 (8.74%) Google
2 189 (6.94%) Microsoft
3 83 (3.05%) Cloudera
3 83 (3.05%) IBM
4 68 (2.50%) Hortonworks
5 66 (2.42%) Talend
6 63 (2.31%) Oracle
7 61 (2.24%) Informatica
8 52 (1.91%) Red Hat
9 50 (1.84%) Databricks
10 39 (1.43%) SAP
11 33 (1.21%) Yahoo!
12 23 (0.84%) Facebook
13 22 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
14 20 (0.73%) VMware
15 19 (0.70%) Blue Prism
15 19 (0.70%) Sun
16 15 (0.55%) NEC
16 15 (0.55%) Northgate
17 12 (0.44%) UiPath