Period
to 21 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
21 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 124 215 523
Rank change year-on-year +91 +308 +339
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 4,005 2,856 902
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 1.62% 0.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.94% 1.77% 0.57%
Number of salaries quoted 3,058 2,488 789
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £34,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +16.67% +5.96%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,129 161,520 157,290
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.79% 91.80% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 107,232 131,598 129,509
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,625
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 21 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +80 3,757 £65,000 +8.33% 640
London +69 2,132 £72,500 +7.41% 340
UK excluding London +102 1,789 £52,500 - 338
South East +162 628 £55,000 +10.00% 93
East of England +1 307 £60,000 +4.35% 64
South West +58 277 £52,500 -4.55% 42
North of England +58 212 £50,000 - 57
Midlands +122 192 £39,114 +20.35% 44
West Midlands +92 145 £29,250 -6.40% 26
North West +32 145 £50,000 - 35
Scotland +59 102 £50,000 +11.11% 22
Yorkshire +58 59 £50,000 - 16
East Midlands +50 47 £40,000 +37.93% 18
Northern Ireland +16 43 £42,500 +18.06% 5
Wales +42 36 £55,000 +22.22% 11
North East +9 8 £60,000 +50.00% 6

For the 6 months to 21 March 2019, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 2,249 (56.15%) Machine Learning
2 1,671 (41.72%) Python
3 1,376 (34.36%) Agile Software Development
4 1,189 (29.69%) Analytics
5 1,018 (25.42%) Java
6 921 (23.00%) Software Engineering
7 886 (22.12%) Big Data
8 862 (21.52%) Data Science
9 859 (21.45%) Amazon AWS
10 795 (19.85%) Finance
11 786 (19.63%) SQL
12 749 (18.70%) JavaScript
13 748 (18.68%) Degree
14 711 (17.75%) DevOps
15 645 (16.10%) C++
16 584 (14.58%) Linux
17 573 (14.31%) Microsoft Azure
18 557 (13.91%) Computer Science
19 547 (13.66%) Algorithms
20 536 (13.38%) Docker
21 520 (12.98%) C#
22 506 (12.63%) Mathematics
23 452 (11.29%) Deep Learning
24 422 (10.54%) Apache Spark
25 411 (10.26%) Data Analytics
26 399 (9.96%) HTML
27 398 (9.94%) React
28 396 (9.89%) AngularJS
29 385 (9.61%) .NET
30 378 (9.44%) Natural Language Processing

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 422 (10.54%) Apache Spark
2 157 (3.92%) Apache
3 146 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
4 76 (1.90%) SAS
5 52 (1.30%) Apache Pig
6 48 (1.20%) Confluence
7 28 (0.70%) Apache Solr
8 23 (0.57%) Hyperledger
9 22 (0.55%) SharePoint
10 19 (0.47%) CMS
11 18 (0.45%) Tomcat
12 13 (0.32%) Jupyter
13 11 (0.27%) IIS
13 11 (0.27%) MS Exchange
14 10 (0.25%) Ethereum
15 6 (0.15%) nginx
16 5 (0.12%) WordPress
17 4 (0.100%) JBoss
18 3 (0.075%) Apache Airflow
18 3 (0.075%) TPMS
Applications
1 78 (1.95%) Chatbot
2 54 (1.35%) Photoshop
3 52 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 43 (1.07%) Adobe Illustrator
5 33 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 23 (0.57%) GNU Octave
7 20 (0.50%) SPSS
8 18 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
9 12 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
11 6 (0.15%) Stata
12 5 (0.12%) InVision
13 4 (0.100%) Adobe Captivate
13 4 (0.100%) Simulink
13 4 (0.100%) Spreadsheet
14 3 (0.075%) S-PLUS
14 3 (0.075%) Weka
15 2 (0.050%) LaTeX
15 2 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
16 1 (0.025%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 44 (1.10%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (0.20%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.15%) SAP HR
5 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
6 4 (0.100%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.100%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.075%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.075%) Magento
8 2 (0.050%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 2 (0.050%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.050%) SAP MDM
9 1 (0.025%) BigMachines
9 1 (0.025%) HFM
9 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 859 (21.45%) Amazon AWS
2 573 (14.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 295 (7.37%) Google Cloud Platform
4 174 (4.34%) Serverless
5 126 (3.15%) SaaS
6 94 (2.35%) AWS Lambda
7 92 (2.30%) Amazon S3
8 81 (2.02%) GitHub
9 78 (1.95%) PaaS
10 74 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
11 69 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
12 56 (1.40%) Amazon SQS
13 42 (1.05%) IaaS
14 37 (0.92%) Office 365
15 32 (0.80%) Azure Machine Learning
16 26 (0.65%) Amazon ELB
16 26 (0.65%) AWS Fargate
17 25 (0.62%) Amazon SageMaker
17 25 (0.62%) Route 53
18 23 (0.57%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 138 (3.45%) Internet
2 46 (1.15%) Network Security
3 45 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 44 (1.10%) Firewall
5 29 (0.72%) Broadband
6 23 (0.57%) HTTP
7 20 (0.50%) Bluetooth
8 17 (0.42%) WebEx
9 13 (0.32%) VPN
10 12 (0.30%) Wireshark
11 11 (0.27%) Unified Communications
11 11 (0.27%) VLAN
11 11 (0.27%) WAN
12 9 (0.22%) Converged Networks
13 8 (0.20%) MQTT
13 8 (0.20%) SSH
13 8 (0.20%) Wireless
14 7 (0.17%) LAN
14 7 (0.17%) SAN
15 6 (0.15%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 886 (22.12%) Big Data
2 343 (8.56%) Hadoop
3 323 (8.06%) NoSQL
4 259 (6.47%) Blockchain
5 158 (3.95%) MongoDB
6 152 (3.80%) Data Warehouse
7 149 (3.72%) SQL Server
8 146 (3.65%) Apache Hive
8 146 (3.65%) Power BI
9 142 (3.55%) Apache Cassandra
10 139 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
11 125 (3.12%) MySQL
12 114 (2.85%) Neo4j
13 113 (2.82%) Data Mining
14 89 (2.22%) Relational Database
15 78 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 69 (1.72%) Data Lake
17 67 (1.67%) Text Mining
18 64 (1.60%) QlikView
19 61 (1.52%) HBase
Development Applications
1 308 (7.69%) Git (software)
2 252 (6.29%) Jenkins
3 121 (3.02%) JIRA
4 77 (1.92%) Selenium
5 74 (1.85%) GitLab
6 73 (1.82%) Maven
7 54 (1.35%) Subversion
8 49 (1.22%) Visual Studio
9 44 (1.10%) TeamCity
10 37 (0.92%) Vagrant
11 31 (0.77%) Eclipse
11 31 (0.77%) JMeter
11 31 (0.77%) SoapUI
12 25 (0.62%) Cucumber
12 25 (0.62%) webpack
13 22 (0.55%) Gradle
13 22 (0.55%) JUnit
14 21 (0.52%) Bitbucket
15 19 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 18 (0.45%) Balsamiq Mockups
General
1 795 (19.85%) Finance
2 328 (8.19%) Retail
3 300 (7.49%) Banking
4 250 (6.24%) Marketing
5 177 (4.42%) Telecoms
6 169 (4.22%) Law
7 112 (2.80%) Games
8 93 (2.32%) Automotive
9 92 (2.30%) Military
10 88 (2.20%) Legal
11 82 (2.05%) Manufacturing
12 60 (1.50%) Publishing
13 58 (1.45%) Investment Banking
14 49 (1.22%) Electronics
15 38 (0.95%) Advertising
16 34 (0.85%) Financial Institution
17 27 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.35%) Retail Banking
19 12 (0.30%) Front Office
20 9 (0.22%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,182 (29.51%) Developer
2 336 (8.39%) Software Engineer
3 319 (7.97%) Data Scientist
4 246 (6.14%) Architect
5 208 (5.19%) Java Developer
6 205 (5.12%) Python Developer
7 202 (5.04%) DevOps Engineer
8 192 (4.79%) Analyst
9 191 (4.77%) Senior Developer
10 179 (4.47%) Software Developer
11 175 (4.37%) Consultant
12 152 (3.80%) Data Engineer
13 137 (3.42%) Machine Learning Engineer
14 135 (3.37%) Python Engineer
15 124 (3.10%) Solutions Architect
16 107 (2.67%) Graduate
17 105 (2.62%) .NET Developer
18 96 (2.40%) Full Stack Developer
19 93 (2.32%) Java Engineer
19 93 (2.32%) Senior Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 399 (9.96%) HTML
2 398 (9.94%) React
3 396 (9.89%) AngularJS
4 385 (9.61%) .NET
5 378 (9.44%) Natural Language Processing
6 352 (8.79%) CSS
6 352 (8.79%) Node.js
7 228 (5.69%) Kafka
8 227 (5.67%) Web Services
9 205 (5.12%) TensorFlow
10 202 (5.04%) RESTful
11 175 (4.37%) REST
12 145 (3.62%) scikit-learn
13 137 (3.42%) Django
14 135 (3.37%) Vue.js
15 123 (3.07%) .NET Core
16 117 (2.92%) Spring
17 112 (2.80%) Redux
18 102 (2.55%) HTML5
18 102 (2.55%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 547 (13.66%) Algorithms
2 378 (9.44%) Analytical Skills
3 340 (8.49%) Robotics
4 275 (6.87%) User Experience
5 244 (6.09%) Fintech
6 232 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
7 153 (3.82%) Data Structures
8 111 (2.77%) Internet of Things
9 108 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
10 84 (2.10%) Mobile App
11 67 (1.67%) Hedge funds
12 66 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
13 61 (1.52%) Management Information System
14 46 (1.15%) Cloud Native
15 44 (1.10%) Hybrid Cloud
16 41 (1.02%) Social Media
17 39 (0.97%) Public Cloud
18 37 (0.92%) Tandem
18 37 (0.92%) Virtual Team
19 33 (0.82%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 584 (14.58%) Linux
2 160 (4.00%) Windows
3 119 (2.97%) Unix
4 115 (2.87%) Android
5 56 (1.40%) Apple iOS
6 30 (0.75%) Ubuntu
7 23 (0.57%) Mac OS X
8 22 (0.55%) Debian
9 17 (0.42%) Windows Server
10 16 (0.40%) CentOS
11 8 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
12 7 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.100%) CoreOS
13 4 (0.100%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.100%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.075%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 3 (0.075%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.075%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.050%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.050%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,249 (56.15%) Machine Learning
2 1,376 (34.36%) Agile Software Development
3 1,189 (29.69%) Analytics
4 921 (23.00%) Software Engineering
5 862 (21.52%) Data Science
6 711 (17.75%) DevOps
7 557 (13.91%) Computer Science
8 506 (12.63%) Mathematics
9 452 (11.29%) Deep Learning
10 411 (10.26%) Data Analytics
11 367 (9.16%) TDD
12 364 (9.09%) Visualisation
13 360 (8.99%) Problem-Solving
14 356 (8.89%) Business Intelligence
15 314 (7.84%) Scrum
16 305 (7.62%) Microservices
17 298 (7.44%) Mentoring
18 271 (6.77%) Continuous Integration
19 258 (6.44%) Data Analysis
19 258 (6.44%) Neural Network
Programming Languages
1 1,671 (41.72%) Python
2 1,018 (25.42%) Java
3 786 (19.63%) SQL
4 749 (18.70%) JavaScript
5 645 (16.10%) C++
6 520 (12.98%) C#
7 354 (8.84%) R
8 316 (7.89%) C
9 267 (6.67%) Scala
10 178 (4.44%) Go
11 161 (4.02%) MATLAB
12 144 (3.60%) PHP
13 143 (3.57%) ES6
14 113 (2.82%) Java 8
15 93 (2.32%) Bash Shell
16 92 (2.30%) TypeScript
17 86 (2.15%) Ruby
18 54 (1.35%) PowerShell
19 53 (1.32%) Kotlin
20 40 (1.00%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 748 (18.68%) Degree
2 373 (9.31%) PhD
3 171 (4.27%) Security Cleared
4 145 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 106 (2.65%) SC Cleared
6 100 (2.50%) DV Cleared
7 53 (1.32%) MPhil
8 35 (0.87%) Master's Degree
9 34 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
9 34 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
10 26 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
11 17 (0.42%) Postgraduate
12 15 (0.37%) MBA
13 10 (0.25%) PMI Certification
13 10 (0.25%) PMP
13 10 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.22%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.22%) DBS Check
15 8 (0.20%) MCSA
16 7 (0.17%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 188 (4.69%) QA
2 69 (1.72%) Data Quality
3 31 (0.77%) GDPR
4 13 (0.32%) SLA
5 8 (0.20%) COBIT
6 7 (0.17%) PMO
7 6 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.15%) MiFID
7 6 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.12%) Solvency II
9 4 (0.100%) IFRS
9 4 (0.100%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.050%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.050%) JTAG
11 1 (0.025%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.025%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.025%) EMIR
System Software
1 536 (13.38%) Docker
2 33 (0.82%) Active Directory
2 33 (0.82%) VirtualBox
3 28 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
4 26 (0.65%) vSphere
5 13 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 8 (0.20%) HDFS
8 7 (0.17%) XenApp
9 6 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
10 4 (0.100%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.075%) etcd
11 3 (0.075%) Firmware
11 3 (0.075%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.025%) LXC
12 1 (0.025%) Snort
12 1 (0.025%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 357 (8.91%) Kubernetes
2 222 (5.54%) Ansible
3 108 (2.70%) Terraform
4 87 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
4 87 (2.17%) Puppet
5 45 (1.12%) Oozie
6 36 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
7 26 (0.65%) Mesos
8 24 (0.60%) Prometheus
8 24 (0.60%) Salt
9 23 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
9 23 (0.57%) Kibana
10 8 (0.20%) Plesk
11 6 (0.15%) Ambari
12 5 (0.12%) Marathon
13 4 (0.100%) SCOrch
14 3 (0.075%) Consul
14 3 (0.075%) FortiGate
14 3 (0.075%) Grafana
14 3 (0.075%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 288 (7.19%) Microsoft
2 243 (6.07%) Google
3 177 (4.42%) Tableau
4 91 (2.27%) Blue Prism
5 82 (2.05%) SAP
6 81 (2.02%) Oracle
7 80 (2.00%) IBM
8 69 (1.72%) Cognizant
9 61 (1.52%) UiPath
10 55 (1.37%) Adobe
11 53 (1.32%) Automation Anywhere
12 38 (0.95%) Cloudera
13 37 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
14 36 (0.90%) Cisco
15 33 (0.82%) Databricks
15 33 (0.82%) Hortonworks
16 30 (0.75%) Splunk
17 23 (0.57%) SaltStack
18 22 (0.55%) Alteryx
19 17 (0.42%) Facebook