Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 81 101 139
Rank change year-on-year +20 +38 +39
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 4,746 1,550 3,536
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.73% 3.12% 2.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.96% 3.36% 2.79%
Number of salaries quoted 2,325 1,347 2,900
10th Percentile £37,000 £38,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% - -
75th Percentile £88,750 £81,250 £85,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £96,250 £107,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -9.09%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,742 46,190 126,882
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.19% 93.06% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 79,117 38,578 101,498
10th Percentile £32,750 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,077
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 4,229 £67,500 +8.00% 558
London +20 2,728 £77,500 +6.90% 277
UK excluding London -19 1,617 £55,000 +10.00% 311
Work from Home -7 932 £65,000 +8.33% 154
South East -28 506 £55,000 +10.00% 71
North of England +1 276 £51,500 +3.00% 67
East of England -15 230 £45,000 -18.18% 75
South West -2 226 £50,000 - 30
North West +7 189 £50,000 - 43
Midlands -44 167 £57,500 -4.17% 31
West Midlands -30 137 £57,500 - 18
Northern Ireland +25 104 £75,000 +36.36% 6
Scotland -58 104 £48,750 +2.63% 20
Yorkshire -51 71 £62,500 +19.05% 12
East Midlands -63 29 £47,500 -36.67% 13
Wales -49 24 £53,350 +22.81% 12
North East -19 16 £55,000 +10.00% 12

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 2,065 (43.51%) Machine Learning
2 2,057 (43.34%) Python
3 1,789 (37.69%) Agile Software Development
4 1,632 (34.39%) AWS
5 1,530 (32.24%) Data Science
6 1,389 (29.27%) Analytics
7 1,367 (28.80%) Software Engineering
8 1,176 (24.78%) SQL
9 1,114 (23.47%) Azure
10 1,099 (23.16%) JavaScript
11 1,010 (21.28%) Social Skills
12 923 (19.45%) Docker
13 919 (19.36%) Degree
14 897 (18.90%) Finance
15 877 (18.48%) Java
16 861 (18.14%) React
17 851 (17.93%) DevOps
18 844 (17.78%) Kubernetes
19 836 (17.61%) Computer Science
20 825 (17.38%) GCP
21 819 (17.26%) Microservices
22 805 (16.96%) Big Data
23 616 (12.98%) Full Stack Development
24 613 (12.92%) Test Automation
25 609 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
26 562 (11.84%) User Experience
27 560 (11.80%) Algorithms
28 553 (11.65%) Visualisation
29 552 (11.63%) Serverless
30 533 (11.23%) Scrum

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 281 (5.92%) Apache Spark
2 224 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
3 104 (2.19%) Confluence
4 102 (2.15%) IBM Domino
5 92 (1.94%) Apache
6 82 (1.73%) Apache Airflow
7 51 (1.07%) CMS
8 48 (1.01%) Appian
9 43 (0.91%) SharePoint
10 40 (0.84%) SAS
11 24 (0.51%) Apache Solr
12 22 (0.46%) WordPress
13 20 (0.42%) Gunicorn
14 18 (0.38%) Apache Pig
15 16 (0.34%) nginx
16 14 (0.29%) OpenStack
17 13 (0.27%) Drupal
18 11 (0.23%) Tomcat
18 11 (0.23%) Tornado
19 10 (0.21%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 89 (1.88%) Spreadsheet
2 84 (1.77%) Chatbot
3 74 (1.56%) Microsoft Excel
4 32 (0.67%) Campfire
5 26 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 24 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
7 21 (0.44%) Figma
8 19 (0.40%) Simulink
9 17 (0.36%) MS Visio
10 15 (0.32%) Adobe XD
10 15 (0.32%) Photoshop
11 13 (0.27%) Stateflow
12 11 (0.23%) Sketch
13 9 (0.19%) SOLIDWORKS
14 6 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
15 5 (0.11%) Fireworks
16 4 (0.084%) InfoPath
17 3 (0.063%) GNU Octave
17 3 (0.063%) InVision
18 2 (0.042%) Blender
Business Applications
1 15 (0.32%) Magento
2 11 (0.23%) NetSuite
3 10 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.17%) Maximo
4 8 (0.17%) Primavera
5 6 (0.13%) Oracle BRM
5 6 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
6 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.084%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.084%) Summit
8 3 (0.063%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.063%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.063%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.063%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.042%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
9 2 (0.042%) Actimize
9 2 (0.042%) Remedy AR System
9 2 (0.042%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,632 (34.39%) AWS
2 1,114 (23.47%) Azure
3 825 (17.38%) GCP
4 552 (11.63%) Serverless
5 403 (8.49%) SaaS
6 337 (7.10%) Power Platform
7 313 (6.60%) AWS Lambda
8 204 (4.30%) Amazon ECS
9 182 (3.83%) Amazon S3
10 181 (3.81%) Amazon EC2
11 163 (3.43%) Cloud Computing
12 142 (2.99%) GitHub
13 128 (2.70%) PaaS
14 114 (2.40%) AWS CloudFormation
15 79 (1.66%) Azure Data Factory
16 74 (1.56%) Azure Machine Learning
16 74 (1.56%) Snowflake
17 62 (1.31%) IaaS
18 58 (1.22%) CloudFront
19 57 (1.20%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 163 (3.43%) Broadband
2 142 (2.99%) Internet
3 62 (1.31%) HTTP
4 55 (1.16%) 5G
5 35 (0.74%) SSL
6 25 (0.53%) Network Security
7 20 (0.42%) Firewall
8 17 (0.36%) 4G
9 15 (0.32%) MQTT
10 14 (0.29%) FTP
10 14 (0.29%) SSH
11 13 (0.27%) Wireless
12 12 (0.25%) DNS
13 10 (0.21%) MPLS
13 10 (0.21%) TCP/IP
14 9 (0.19%) SMTP
14 9 (0.19%) Unified Communications
14 9 (0.19%) VPN
15 7 (0.15%) HTTPS
16 6 (0.13%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 805 (16.96%) Big Data
2 430 (9.06%) NoSQL
3 354 (7.46%) PostgreSQL
4 271 (5.71%) MongoDB
5 258 (5.44%) Power BI
6 243 (5.12%) Data Warehouse
7 242 (5.10%) Relational Database
8 215 (4.53%) MySQL
9 202 (4.26%) Tableau
10 190 (4.00%) SQL Server
11 187 (3.94%) Hadoop
12 181 (3.81%) Amazon Aurora
13 180 (3.79%) Amazon Athena
14 158 (3.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 147 (3.10%) Data Lake
16 138 (2.91%) Redis
17 129 (2.72%) Blockchain
18 93 (1.96%) Amazon Redshift
19 83 (1.75%) BigQuery
20 74 (1.56%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 428 (9.02%) Git (software)
2 291 (6.13%) JIRA
3 264 (5.56%) Jenkins
4 73 (1.54%) CircleCI
5 68 (1.43%) Cypress.io
6 57 (1.20%) Bitbucket
6 57 (1.20%) webpack
7 54 (1.14%) Visual Studio
8 51 (1.07%) Selenium
9 43 (0.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 42 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
11 40 (0.84%) Appium
12 39 (0.82%) GitLab
13 38 (0.80%) Jasmine
14 37 (0.78%) TeamCity
15 35 (0.74%) Gradle
16 34 (0.72%) Vagrant
17 33 (0.70%) Maven
18 32 (0.67%) PHPUnit
19 31 (0.65%) Cucumber
General
1 1,010 (21.28%) Social Skills
2 897 (18.90%) Finance
3 515 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
4 304 (6.41%) Banking
5 270 (5.69%) Games
6 251 (5.29%) Retail
7 240 (5.06%) Marketing
8 209 (4.40%) Legal
9 184 (3.88%) Law
10 182 (3.83%) Presentation Skills
11 154 (3.24%) Pharmaceutical
12 135 (2.84%) Manufacturing
13 127 (2.68%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 127 (2.68%) Influencing Skills
14 121 (2.55%) Telecoms
15 115 (2.42%) Public Sector
16 59 (1.24%) Advertising
17 47 (0.99%) Financial Institution
18 44 (0.93%) Electronics
19 41 (0.86%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,277 (26.91%) Developer
2 603 (12.71%) Software Engineer
3 462 (9.73%) Architect
4 314 (6.62%) Data Engineer
5 269 (5.67%) Senior Developer
6 242 (5.10%) Full Stack Developer
7 200 (4.21%) AWS Engineer
8 192 (4.05%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 183 (3.86%) Consultant
10 182 (3.83%) Data Scientist
11 175 (3.69%) Python Engineer
12 174 (3.67%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 173 (3.65%) Senior Software Engineer
14 166 (3.50%) Python Developer
15 154 (3.24%) Solutions Architect
16 153 (3.22%) AWS Software Engineer
17 137 (2.89%) Analyst
17 137 (2.89%) Data Architect
18 127 (2.68%) AWS Developer
19 122 (2.57%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 861 (18.14%) React
2 516 (10.87%) Node.js
3 470 (9.90%) HTML
4 418 (8.81%) CSS
5 409 (8.62%) AngularJS
6 387 (8.15%) .NET
7 377 (7.94%) REST
8 326 (6.87%) Kafka
9 307 (6.47%) Web Services
10 296 (6.24%) TensorFlow
11 281 (5.92%) Vue.js
12 239 (5.04%) PyTorch
13 233 (4.91%) GraphQL
14 210 (4.42%) RESTful
15 190 (4.00%) HTML5
16 188 (3.96%) Redux
17 149 (3.14%) Django
18 144 (3.03%) gRPC
19 140 (2.95%) .NET Core
20 131 (2.76%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 562 (11.84%) User Experience
2 560 (11.80%) Algorithms
3 279 (5.88%) Social Media
4 203 (4.28%) Cloud Native
4 203 (4.28%) Robotics
5 170 (3.58%) Data Structures
6 169 (3.56%) Hedge funds
7 147 (3.10%) Public Cloud
8 139 (2.93%) Pricing Data
9 136 (2.87%) Greenfield Project
10 121 (2.55%) Self-Motivation
11 107 (2.25%) Life Science
12 105 (2.21%) Virtual Team
13 98 (2.06%) Hybrid Cloud
14 94 (1.98%) Mobile App
15 93 (1.96%) iPhone
16 89 (1.88%) Smartphone
17 83 (1.75%) Photography
18 72 (1.52%) NHS
19 70 (1.47%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 429 (9.04%) Linux
2 117 (2.47%) Android
3 111 (2.34%) Windows
4 79 (1.66%) Apple iOS
5 76 (1.60%) Unix
6 35 (0.74%) CentOS
7 34 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 25 (0.53%) Ubuntu
9 14 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
10 9 (0.19%) Mesosphere
11 8 (0.17%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.17%) SUSE
11 8 (0.17%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.15%) Windows Server
13 6 (0.13%) Robot Operating System
14 4 (0.084%) DC/OS
15 3 (0.063%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.063%) Solaris
16 2 (0.042%) Debian
16 2 (0.042%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,065 (43.51%) Machine Learning
2 1,789 (37.69%) Agile Software Development
3 1,530 (32.24%) Data Science
4 1,389 (29.27%) Analytics
5 1,367 (28.80%) Software Engineering
6 851 (17.93%) DevOps
7 836 (17.61%) Computer Science
8 819 (17.26%) Microservices
9 616 (12.98%) Full Stack Development
10 613 (12.92%) Test Automation
11 609 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
12 553 (11.65%) Visualisation
13 533 (11.23%) Scrum
14 492 (10.37%) Mentoring
15 471 (9.92%) Business Intelligence
16 469 (9.88%) Mathematics
17 458 (9.65%) Continuous Integration
18 387 (8.15%) Deep Learning
19 367 (7.73%) Data Engineering
20 365 (7.69%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 2,057 (43.34%) Python
2 1,176 (24.78%) SQL
3 1,099 (23.16%) JavaScript
4 877 (18.48%) Java
5 524 (11.04%) TypeScript
6 479 (10.09%) C#
7 425 (8.95%) C++
8 279 (5.88%) Go
9 251 (5.29%) C
10 227 (4.78%) R
11 175 (3.69%) Scala
12 146 (3.08%) PHP
13 109 (2.30%) ES6
14 93 (1.96%) Bash Shell
15 86 (1.81%) Ruby
16 79 (1.66%) Shell Script
17 76 (1.60%) PowerShell
18 74 (1.56%) Kotlin
19 61 (1.29%) MATLAB
20 36 (0.76%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 919 (19.36%) Degree
2 295 (6.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 207 (4.36%) PhD
4 136 (2.87%) Security Cleared
5 99 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 69 (1.45%) SC Cleared
7 61 (1.29%) AWS Certification
8 50 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
9 33 (0.70%) Six Sigma Green Belt
10 30 (0.63%) TOGAF Certification
11 24 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
12 20 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
13 18 (0.38%) DV Cleared
14 16 (0.34%) CISSP
15 11 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
15 11 (0.23%) MCSA
16 9 (0.19%) Postgraduate
17 8 (0.17%) MBA
17 8 (0.17%) OSCP
18 6 (0.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 355 (7.48%) QA
2 119 (2.51%) Data Quality
3 108 (2.28%) GDPR
4 64 (1.35%) Accessibility
5 30 (0.63%) GxP
6 23 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.46%) CDISC
7 22 (0.46%) GRC
7 22 (0.46%) WCAG
8 16 (0.34%) ISO 9001
9 13 (0.27%) PMO
10 10 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
10 10 (0.21%) EMIR
10 10 (0.21%) MiFID
11 8 (0.17%) ISO 13485
11 8 (0.17%) SLA
12 7 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
12 7 (0.15%) IEC 62304
13 5 (0.11%) GLP
13 5 (0.11%) GMP
System Software
1 923 (19.45%) Docker
2 30 (0.63%) VirtualBox
3 22 (0.46%) Firmware
4 16 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 15 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 12 (0.25%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.11%) Ceph
7 5 (0.11%) HDFS
7 5 (0.11%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 5 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
7 5 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.084%) NFS
8 4 (0.084%) vCloud
9 3 (0.063%) KVM
9 3 (0.063%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.042%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.042%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.042%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.021%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 844 (17.78%) Kubernetes
2 301 (6.34%) Terraform
3 172 (3.62%) Ansible
4 68 (1.43%) Prometheus
5 54 (1.14%) Puppet
6 45 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 42 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
8 37 (0.78%) Grafana
9 32 (0.67%) Kibana
10 23 (0.48%) Kubeflow
11 15 (0.32%) Kustomize
11 15 (0.32%) Packer
12 14 (0.29%) Consul
12 14 (0.29%) Mesos
13 13 (0.27%) Oozie
14 10 (0.21%) logstash
14 10 (0.21%) Rancher
15 9 (0.19%) Automic
15 9 (0.19%) Istio
16 8 (0.17%) Salt
Vendors
1 427 (9.00%) Google
2 350 (7.37%) Microsoft
3 113 (2.38%) Salesforce.com
4 112 (2.36%) Databricks
5 111 (2.34%) Oracle
6 106 (2.23%) Apple
7 79 (1.66%) MuleSoft
8 58 (1.22%) SAP
9 57 (1.20%) Facebook
10 51 (1.07%) Cloudera
11 47 (0.99%) IBM
12 43 (0.91%) Hortonworks
13 41 (0.86%) Adobe
13 41 (0.86%) Red Hat
14 40 (0.84%) Automation Anywhere
15 39 (0.82%) Informatica
16 37 (0.78%) Dell
17 33 (0.70%) Splunk
18 29 (0.61%) Talend
19 25 (0.53%) VMware