Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 136 173 317
Rank change year-on-year +37 +144 +300
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,515 3,237 1,862
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 1.98% 1.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.79% 2.16% 1.16%
Number of salaries quoted 2,844 2,734 1,611
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -9.09% +10.00% +17.65%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,165 150,178 160,848
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.12% 91.81% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 99,275 119,505 126,894
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,125
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +34 3,307 £62,500 - 575
London +42 1,829 £74,375 +6.25% 262
UK excluding London +41 1,635 £50,000 -9.09% 352
South East +35 512 £55,000 +4.76% 97
North of England +143 364 £45,100 +6.12% 69
South West +45 310 £50,000 -9.09% 47
North West +120 195 £50,000 +17.65% 51
Yorkshire +87 148 £45,000 +5.88% 14
Midlands +32 146 £50,000 +11.11% 34
Scotland +47 142 £50,000 - 28
East of England -57 135 £47,500 -20.83% 70
West Midlands +26 76 £50,000 +11.11% 19
East Midlands +39 70 £50,000 +7.55% 14
Wales +31 33 £39,000 -8.24% 3
North East +28 21 £39,087 -13.14% 4
Northern Ireland -24 1 £150,000 +192.68% 8

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,803 (51.29%) Machine Learning
2 1,389 (39.52%) Agile Software Development
3 1,297 (36.90%) Python
4 886 (25.21%) Java
5 840 (23.90%) AWS
6 808 (22.99%) Software Engineering
7 804 (22.87%) Analytics
8 727 (20.68%) JavaScript
9 726 (20.65%) Data Science
10 686 (19.52%) DevOps
11 662 (18.83%) Finance
12 656 (18.66%) Azure
13 646 (18.38%) Big Data
14 608 (17.30%) C#
14 608 (17.30%) SQL
15 600 (17.07%) Degree
16 520 (14.79%) Docker
17 456 (12.97%) C++
18 428 (12.18%) Computer Science
19 406 (11.55%) Microsoft
20 389 (11.07%) GCP
21 383 (10.90%) Microservices
22 381 (10.84%) HTML
23 371 (10.55%) Problem-Solving
24 367 (10.44%) Linux
25 364 (10.36%) Mentoring
26 359 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
27 358 (10.18%) Algorithms
27 358 (10.18%) Scrum
28 354 (10.07%) Kubernetes

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 272 (7.74%) Apache Spark
2 91 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
3 72 (2.05%) Apache
4 65 (1.85%) Smallworld
5 62 (1.76%) WebSphere
6 50 (1.42%) Confluence
7 41 (1.17%) SharePoint
8 35 (1.00%) SAS
9 28 (0.80%) Hyperledger
10 26 (0.74%) CMS
11 20 (0.57%) Apache Pig
11 20 (0.57%) Tornado
12 17 (0.48%) Apache Solr
13 14 (0.40%) WordPress
14 13 (0.37%) IIS
14 13 (0.37%) nginx
15 11 (0.31%) Umbraco
16 10 (0.28%) WildFly
17 9 (0.26%) Drupal
18 8 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 82 (2.33%) Chatbot
2 32 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.74%) Spreadsheet
4 19 (0.54%) Sketch
5 17 (0.48%) SPSS
6 15 (0.43%) InVision
7 14 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
8 12 (0.34%) MS Visio
8 12 (0.34%) Photoshop
9 10 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 10 (0.28%) Stata
10 8 (0.23%) Adobe XD
10 8 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
11 5 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.14%) InDesign
11 5 (0.14%) InfoPath
11 5 (0.14%) Pipeline Pilot
12 3 (0.085%) Zeplin
13 2 (0.057%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 28 (0.80%) FINCAD Analytics
2 20 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.14%) Quorum
3 5 (0.14%) R3 Corda
4 3 (0.085%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.085%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.085%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.057%) FastStats
5 2 (0.057%) nopCommerce
5 2 (0.057%) Sage 200
5 2 (0.057%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.028%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.028%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.028%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.028%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 840 (23.90%) AWS
2 656 (18.66%) Azure
3 389 (11.07%) GCP
4 115 (3.27%) SaaS
5 108 (3.07%) Serverless
6 98 (2.79%) Power Platform
7 90 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
8 79 (2.25%) IBM Cloud
9 71 (2.02%) Office 365
10 58 (1.65%) Azure Machine Learning
11 53 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
12 48 (1.37%) Azure Stack
12 48 (1.37%) PaaS
13 46 (1.31%) AWS CloudFormation
14 34 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
15 33 (0.94%) G Suite
16 29 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (0.83%) IaaS
17 28 (0.80%) GitHub
18 24 (0.68%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 90 (2.56%) Internet
2 62 (1.76%) Firewall
3 52 (1.48%) WAN
4 34 (0.97%) DNS
5 31 (0.88%) MPLS
6 30 (0.85%) Unified Communications
7 29 (0.83%) Wireless
8 21 (0.60%) TCP/IP
9 19 (0.54%) LAN
10 17 (0.48%) Network Security
11 16 (0.46%) VLAN
12 14 (0.40%) Wireshark
13 13 (0.37%) DHCP
13 13 (0.37%) Skype
14 11 (0.31%) HTTP
15 9 (0.26%) SAN
16 8 (0.23%) HTTPS
16 8 (0.23%) MQTT
16 8 (0.23%) NAS
16 8 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 646 (18.38%) Big Data
2 230 (6.54%) Hadoop
3 211 (6.00%) NoSQL
4 183 (5.21%) SQL Server
5 154 (4.38%) Blockchain
6 148 (4.21%) PostgreSQL
7 112 (3.19%) Data Warehouse
8 107 (3.04%) MongoDB
9 98 (2.79%) Power BI
10 94 (2.67%) Relational Database
11 80 (2.28%) MySQL
12 71 (2.02%) Data Mining
13 67 (1.91%) GIS
14 63 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (1.65%) Neo4j
16 57 (1.62%) Data Lake
17 52 (1.48%) Cosmos DB
18 49 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 46 (1.31%) Amazon Athena
20 40 (1.14%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 246 (7.00%) Git (software)
2 199 (5.66%) Jenkins
3 118 (3.36%) JIRA
4 86 (2.45%) Selenium
5 63 (1.79%) TeamCity
6 50 (1.42%) Bitbucket
7 46 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 43 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
9 38 (1.08%) GitLab
10 36 (1.02%) Cucumber
10 36 (1.02%) Vagrant
11 34 (0.97%) Appium
12 29 (0.83%) CircleCI
12 29 (0.83%) Gradle
12 29 (0.83%) Maven
13 28 (0.80%) Hudson
13 28 (0.80%) Visual Studio
13 28 (0.80%) WebDriver
14 24 (0.68%) Octopus Deploy
15 23 (0.65%) Subversion
General
1 662 (18.83%) Finance
2 322 (9.16%) Banking
3 266 (7.57%) Retail
4 173 (4.92%) Marketing
5 131 (3.73%) Front Office
6 97 (2.76%) Games
7 89 (2.53%) Public Sector
8 79 (2.25%) Manufacturing
9 61 (1.74%) Telecoms
10 54 (1.54%) Law
11 53 (1.51%) Legal
12 43 (1.22%) Automotive
13 40 (1.14%) Electronics
14 35 (1.00%) Advertising
15 29 (0.83%) Aerospace
15 29 (0.83%) Financial Institution
16 26 (0.74%) Billing
17 25 (0.71%) Military
17 25 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
18 20 (0.57%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 906 (25.78%) Developer
2 448 (12.75%) Software Engineer
3 294 (8.36%) Architect
4 236 (6.71%) Java Developer
5 224 (6.37%) Data Scientist
6 182 (5.18%) Senior Developer
7 174 (4.95%) DevOps Engineer
8 167 (4.75%) Consultant
9 148 (4.21%) Analyst
10 135 (3.84%) .NET Developer
11 126 (3.58%) Python Developer
12 124 (3.53%) Software Developer
13 121 (3.44%) Python Engineer
14 116 (3.30%) Java Engineer
15 115 (3.27%) Senior Software Engineer
16 100 (2.84%) Data Engineer
17 90 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
18 85 (2.42%) Junior
19 82 (2.33%) Senior Data Scientist
20 80 (2.28%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 381 (10.84%) HTML
2 345 (9.82%) .NET
3 327 (9.30%) CSS
4 317 (9.02%) React
5 282 (8.02%) Web Services
6 258 (7.34%) Node.js
7 257 (7.31%) Natural Language Processing
8 245 (6.97%) TensorFlow
9 244 (6.94%) AngularJS
10 147 (4.18%) RESTful
11 133 (3.78%) scikit-learn
12 132 (3.76%) ASP.NET
13 125 (3.56%) HTML5
13 125 (3.56%) Spring
14 114 (3.24%) jQuery
15 111 (3.16%) Pandas
16 108 (3.07%) .NET Core
17 99 (2.82%) REST
18 98 (2.79%) J2EE
19 90 (2.56%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 359 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
2 358 (10.18%) Algorithms
3 242 (6.88%) Robotics
4 205 (5.83%) User Experience
5 170 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
6 142 (4.04%) Public Cloud
7 93 (2.65%) Hybrid Cloud
8 89 (2.53%) Driving Licence
9 67 (1.91%) Mobile App
10 63 (1.79%) Embedded Systems
10 63 (1.79%) Internet of Things
11 59 (1.68%) Cyberthreat
11 59 (1.68%) Management Information System
12 58 (1.65%) Social Media
13 57 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
13 57 (1.62%) Hedge funds
14 55 (1.56%) Fixed Income
15 53 (1.51%) Data Structures
16 48 (1.37%) Derivative
17 46 (1.31%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 367 (10.44%) Linux
2 221 (6.29%) Windows
3 91 (2.59%) Android
4 78 (2.22%) Unix
5 61 (1.74%) Apple iOS
6 38 (1.08%) Ubuntu
7 29 (0.83%) Windows 10
8 28 (0.80%) CentOS
9 27 (0.77%) Windows Server
10 13 (0.37%) Mac OS X
11 11 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
11 11 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.31%) Windows 7
12 7 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 7 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
12 7 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.14%) Debian
13 5 (0.14%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.028%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,803 (51.29%) Machine Learning
2 1,389 (39.52%) Agile Software Development
3 808 (22.99%) Software Engineering
4 804 (22.87%) Analytics
5 726 (20.65%) Data Science
6 686 (19.52%) DevOps
7 428 (12.18%) Computer Science
8 383 (10.90%) Microservices
9 371 (10.55%) Problem-Solving
10 364 (10.36%) Mentoring
11 358 (10.18%) Scrum
12 299 (8.51%) Deep Learning
13 279 (7.94%) Mathematics
14 274 (7.80%) TDD
15 260 (7.40%) Fintech
16 251 (7.14%) Open Source
17 249 (7.08%) Business Intelligence
17 249 (7.08%) Data Analytics
18 210 (5.97%) Test Automation
19 202 (5.75%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,297 (36.90%) Python
2 886 (25.21%) Java
3 727 (20.68%) JavaScript
4 608 (17.30%) C#
4 608 (17.30%) SQL
5 456 (12.97%) C++
6 261 (7.43%) R
7 218 (6.20%) C
8 187 (5.32%) Scala
9 182 (5.18%) Bash Shell
10 118 (3.36%) TypeScript
11 110 (3.13%) PHP
12 106 (3.02%) Ruby
13 104 (2.96%) Go
14 90 (2.56%) PowerShell
15 71 (2.02%) Java 8
15 71 (2.02%) MATLAB
16 59 (1.68%) PL/SQL
17 58 (1.65%) ES6
18 50 (1.42%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 600 (17.07%) Degree
2 189 (5.38%) PhD
3 175 (4.98%) Security Cleared
4 152 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 75 (2.13%) DV Cleared
6 66 (1.88%) SC Cleared
7 39 (1.11%) Master's Degree
7 39 (1.11%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
9 18 (0.51%) PMI Certification
10 13 (0.37%) MCSA
11 12 (0.34%) Postgraduate
11 12 (0.34%) RHCA
12 11 (0.31%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.31%) CISSP
12 11 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.28%) ISTQB
13 10 (0.28%) MBA
13 10 (0.28%) PMP
14 8 (0.23%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (4.41%) QA
2 117 (3.33%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.68%) GDPR
4 20 (0.57%) SLA
5 17 (0.48%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.26%) PMO
7 9 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 8 (0.23%) NIST
9 5 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.085%) COBIT
10 3 (0.085%) DICOM
10 3 (0.085%) HL7
11 2 (0.057%) PSD2
11 2 (0.057%) WCAG
12 1 (0.028%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 520 (14.79%) Docker
2 45 (1.28%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.94%) VirtualBox
4 20 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (0.54%) IAG
6 16 (0.46%) Firmware
7 13 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
7 13 (0.37%) XenDesktop
8 12 (0.34%) pfSense
9 8 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.20%) Hyper-V
11 6 (0.17%) vSphere
12 5 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 5 (0.14%) XenApp
13 3 (0.085%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.085%) KVM
14 2 (0.057%) DFS Replication
14 2 (0.057%) NFS
14 2 (0.057%) Terminal Server
14 2 (0.057%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 354 (10.07%) Kubernetes
2 264 (7.51%) Terraform
3 207 (5.89%) Ansible
4 91 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
5 52 (1.48%) Puppet
6 45 (1.28%) Docker Swarm
7 16 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
8 10 (0.28%) Istio
8 10 (0.28%) Salt
9 9 (0.26%) linkerd
9 9 (0.26%) Packer
10 7 (0.20%) Oozie
11 6 (0.17%) Kibana
12 4 (0.11%) FortiGate
13 3 (0.085%) HP Data Protector
13 3 (0.085%) NetBackup
13 3 (0.085%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.085%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 2 (0.057%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.057%) WSUS
Vendors
1 406 (11.55%) Microsoft
2 328 (9.33%) Google
3 115 (3.27%) IBM
4 100 (2.84%) Oracle
5 85 (2.42%) Informatica
6 69 (1.96%) Tableau
7 64 (1.82%) Cloudera
8 52 (1.48%) Hortonworks
9 47 (1.34%) VMware
10 45 (1.28%) Cisco
11 40 (1.14%) Adobe
12 38 (1.08%) Salesforce.com
13 37 (1.05%) SAP
14 36 (1.02%) Bloomberg
15 34 (0.97%) Databricks
16 25 (0.71%) Blue Prism
17 23 (0.65%) Meraki
17 23 (0.65%) Talend
18 21 (0.60%) Red Hat
19 19 (0.54%) UiPath