Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 106 126 210
Rank change year-on-year +20 +84 +310
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,422 4,045 2,892
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.88% 2.71% 1.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.14% 2.94% 1.78%
Number of salaries quoted 3,041 3,225 2,618
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £125,000 £102,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +16.67%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 109,130 137,649 162,347
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.92% 92.23% 92.18%
Number of salaries quoted 86,484 108,399 132,335
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 3,239 £65,000 - 496
London +20 1,982 £80,000 +10.34% 232
UK excluding London +1 1,389 £50,000 -4.76% 291
South East +8 492 £50,000 -9.09% 92
North of England +83 262 £50,000 - 51
Work from Home +36 251 £67,500 -3.57% 36
South West -3 203 £52,500 - 32
East of England -20 158 £53,750 -10.42% 63
North West +53 157 £50,000 - 26
Midlands +2 133 £55,000 +40.61% 26
Scotland +46 118 £47,500 -5.00% 20
Yorkshire +79 94 £50,000 - 16
West Midlands -5 81 £57,500 +53.33% 22
East Midlands +27 52 £45,000 +12.50% 4
Wales -25 19 £42,500 -22.73% 4
North East +12 11 £67,500 +12.50% 9
Northern Ireland -12 11 £107,500 +152.94% 5

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,693 (49.47%) Machine Learning
2 1,343 (39.25%) Agile Software Development
3 1,276 (37.29%) Python
4 1,085 (31.71%) AWS
5 883 (25.80%) Java
6 882 (25.77%) Software Engineering
7 862 (25.19%) JavaScript
8 855 (24.99%) Analytics
9 848 (24.78%) Finance
10 814 (23.79%) Azure
11 753 (22.00%) SQL
12 739 (21.60%) Data Science
13 703 (20.54%) C#
14 629 (18.38%) Degree
15 604 (17.65%) Big Data
16 543 (15.87%) DevOps
17 540 (15.78%) Docker
18 457 (13.35%) Computer Science
19 440 (12.86%) Web Services
20 435 (12.71%) .NET
21 426 (12.45%) GCP
22 425 (12.42%) React
23 418 (12.22%) C++
24 413 (12.07%) Microservices
25 385 (11.25%) AngularJS
26 382 (11.16%) Mentoring
27 371 (10.84%) Banking
28 370 (10.81%) Data Analytics
29 349 (10.20%) Scrum
30 348 (10.17%) Kubernetes

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 266 (7.77%) Apache Spark
2 67 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
3 56 (1.64%) Smallworld
4 44 (1.29%) Apache
5 35 (1.02%) Confluence
6 34 (0.99%) SAS
7 33 (0.96%) Apache Airflow
8 25 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
9 21 (0.61%) SharePoint
10 18 (0.53%) IIS
11 17 (0.50%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.47%) Jupyter
13 12 (0.35%) OpenStack
13 12 (0.35%) Tornado
14 10 (0.29%) CMS
15 8 (0.23%) Tomcat
16 6 (0.18%) Camunda
16 6 (0.18%) EPiServer
17 5 (0.15%) Apache Pig
17 5 (0.15%) Luigi
Applications
1 73 (2.13%) Chatbot
2 39 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.47%) Sketch
5 15 (0.44%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
7 9 (0.26%) InVision
7 9 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
8 7 (0.20%) SPSS
9 6 (0.18%) Adobe XD
9 6 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 5 (0.15%) MS Visio
10 5 (0.15%) S-PLUS
11 3 (0.088%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.088%) InDesign
12 2 (0.058%) Acrobat
12 2 (0.058%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.058%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.029%) Simulink
13 1 (0.029%) Stata
Business Applications
1 107 (3.13%) FINCAD Analytics
2 17 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.26%) SAP WM
5 7 (0.20%) SAP PP
5 7 (0.20%) SAP SCM
6 6 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
7 5 (0.15%) FastStats
8 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.088%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.088%) Tesseract
10 2 (0.058%) Dynamics GP
10 2 (0.058%) Maximo
10 2 (0.058%) SAP BPC
10 2 (0.058%) SAP IBP
10 2 (0.058%) SimCorp Dimension
11 1 (0.029%) SAP Hybris
11 1 (0.029%) SAP LE
Cloud Services
1 1,085 (31.71%) AWS
2 814 (23.79%) Azure
3 426 (12.45%) GCP
4 149 (4.35%) SaaS
5 128 (3.74%) Power Platform
6 112 (3.27%) Serverless
7 102 (2.98%) PaaS
8 94 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
9 71 (2.07%) Office 365
10 55 (1.61%) Azure Machine Learning
11 54 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
11 54 (1.58%) Amazon SQS
12 53 (1.55%) GitHub
13 52 (1.52%) Amazon S3
14 48 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
15 43 (1.26%) Amazon SageMaker
15 43 (1.26%) IBM Cloud
16 40 (1.17%) G Suite
17 38 (1.11%) Amazon EMR
17 38 (1.11%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 93 (2.72%) Internet
2 60 (1.75%) Firewall
3 45 (1.32%) MPLS
4 33 (0.96%) Wireless
5 32 (0.94%) WAN
6 27 (0.79%) Wi-Fi
7 24 (0.70%) Unified Communications
8 20 (0.58%) TCP/IP
9 16 (0.47%) Network Security
10 15 (0.44%) Software-Defined Networking
11 13 (0.38%) RFID
11 13 (0.38%) VLAN
12 12 (0.35%) DNS
13 11 (0.32%) LAN
13 11 (0.32%) SNA
14 8 (0.23%) HTTP
14 8 (0.23%) Skype
15 7 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
16 6 (0.18%) MQTT
16 6 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 604 (17.65%) Big Data
2 297 (8.68%) NoSQL
3 257 (7.51%) Hadoop
4 251 (7.33%) SQL Server
5 203 (5.93%) PostgreSQL
6 190 (5.55%) MongoDB
7 177 (5.17%) MySQL
8 164 (4.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 153 (4.47%) Amazon Athena
10 144 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
11 134 (3.92%) Redis
12 125 (3.65%) Power BI
13 112 (3.27%) Relational Database
14 100 (2.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 92 (2.69%) Blockchain
16 90 (2.63%) Amazon Redshift
17 89 (2.60%) Microsoft Analysis Services
18 80 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
19 69 (2.02%) Neo4j
20 67 (1.96%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 211 (6.17%) Git (software)
2 167 (4.88%) Jenkins
3 102 (2.98%) JIRA
4 76 (2.22%) TeamCity
5 64 (1.87%) MSBuild
6 60 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
7 57 (1.67%) Selenium
8 52 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 51 (1.49%) Vagrant
10 26 (0.76%) Maven
10 26 (0.76%) WebDriver
11 25 (0.73%) CircleCI
12 24 (0.70%) Cypress.io
12 24 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
13 22 (0.64%) Visual Studio Team System
14 18 (0.53%) GitLab
15 17 (0.50%) Visual Studio
15 17 (0.50%) webpack
16 15 (0.44%) NUnit
16 15 (0.44%) PhantomJS
General
1 848 (24.78%) Finance
2 371 (10.84%) Banking
3 331 (9.67%) Front Office
4 187 (5.46%) Retail
5 159 (4.65%) Marketing
6 81 (2.37%) Manufacturing
7 78 (2.28%) Law
8 76 (2.22%) Public Sector
9 71 (2.07%) Legal
10 65 (1.90%) Games
11 56 (1.64%) Telecoms
12 53 (1.55%) Back Office
13 46 (1.34%) Aerospace
14 40 (1.17%) Automotive
15 38 (1.11%) Military
16 36 (1.05%) Investment Banking
17 33 (0.96%) Advertising
18 26 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
19 25 (0.73%) Billing
20 22 (0.64%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 952 (27.82%) Developer
2 284 (8.30%) Software Engineer
3 260 (7.60%) Architect
4 205 (5.99%) Data Scientist
5 198 (5.79%) Java Developer
6 183 (5.35%) Analyst
7 174 (5.08%) Consultant
8 169 (4.94%) .NET Developer
9 159 (4.65%) Data Engineer
10 155 (4.53%) Senior Developer
11 116 (3.39%) Software Developer
12 114 (3.33%) DevOps Engineer
13 94 (2.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 93 (2.72%) Python Developer
15 92 (2.69%) Python Engineer
16 87 (2.54%) React Developer
17 86 (2.51%) C# Developer
18 83 (2.43%) Data Manager
18 83 (2.43%) Solutions Architect
19 82 (2.40%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 440 (12.86%) Web Services
2 435 (12.71%) .NET
3 425 (12.42%) React
4 385 (11.25%) AngularJS
5 319 (9.32%) HTML
6 313 (9.15%) Node.js
7 311 (9.09%) CSS
8 270 (7.89%) Natural Language Processing
9 215 (6.28%) J2EE
10 201 (5.87%) ASP.NET
11 198 (5.79%) .NET Core
12 177 (5.17%) TensorFlow
13 112 (3.27%) Kafka
13 112 (3.27%) RESTful
14 100 (2.92%) HTML5
15 94 (2.75%) Redux
15 94 (2.75%) REST
16 87 (2.54%) scikit-learn
17 83 (2.43%) Spring
18 73 (2.13%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 294 (8.59%) Analytical Skills
2 254 (7.42%) Algorithms
3 235 (6.87%) Hedge funds
4 225 (6.58%) Fixed Income
5 219 (6.40%) Derivative
6 185 (5.41%) User Experience
7 176 (5.14%) Greenfield Project
8 136 (3.97%) Equities
9 128 (3.74%) Robotics
10 119 (3.48%) Blog
11 80 (2.34%) Management Information System
12 74 (2.16%) Mobile App
13 71 (2.07%) Public Cloud
14 70 (2.05%) Cloud Native
15 60 (1.75%) Equity Derivative
16 59 (1.72%) Data Structures
16 59 (1.72%) Internet of Things
16 59 (1.72%) Reference Data
17 58 (1.69%) Exotic Derivative
18 56 (1.64%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 273 (7.98%) Linux
2 143 (4.18%) Windows
3 109 (3.19%) Unix
4 79 (2.31%) Android
5 57 (1.67%) Apple iOS
6 10 (0.29%) Ubuntu
6 10 (0.29%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.15%) CentOS
7 5 (0.15%) Debian
7 5 (0.15%) Mac OS
8 4 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.088%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.058%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.058%) Solaris
10 2 (0.058%) Windows 2000
10 2 (0.058%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.058%) Windows XP
11 1 (0.029%) AIX
11 1 (0.029%) RancherOS
11 1 (0.029%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,693 (49.47%) Machine Learning
2 1,343 (39.25%) Agile Software Development
3 882 (25.77%) Software Engineering
4 855 (24.99%) Analytics
5 739 (21.60%) Data Science
6 543 (15.87%) DevOps
7 457 (13.35%) Computer Science
8 413 (12.07%) Microservices
9 382 (11.16%) Mentoring
10 370 (10.81%) Data Analytics
11 349 (10.20%) Scrum
12 306 (8.94%) Problem-Solving
13 287 (8.39%) Deep Learning
14 273 (7.98%) Asset Management
15 259 (7.57%) Mathematics
16 235 (6.87%) Open Source
17 233 (6.81%) Business Intelligence
18 224 (6.55%) TDD
19 222 (6.49%) Investment Management
20 215 (6.28%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,276 (37.29%) Python
2 883 (25.80%) Java
3 862 (25.19%) JavaScript
4 753 (22.00%) SQL
5 703 (20.54%) C#
6 418 (12.22%) C++
7 235 (6.87%) R
8 201 (5.87%) Scala
9 191 (5.58%) Kotlin
10 148 (4.32%) C
11 144 (4.21%) TypeScript
12 113 (3.30%) Go
13 103 (3.01%) PHP
14 92 (2.69%) F#
15 64 (1.87%) MATLAB
16 63 (1.84%) Ruby
17 62 (1.81%) ES6
18 47 (1.37%) Bash Shell
18 47 (1.37%) Java 8
19 46 (1.34%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 629 (18.38%) Degree
2 191 (5.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 158 (4.62%) PhD
4 144 (4.21%) Security Cleared
5 73 (2.13%) SC Cleared
6 68 (1.99%) Master's Degree
7 52 (1.52%) DV Cleared
8 29 (0.85%) Numerate Degree
9 27 (0.79%) AWS Certification
10 18 (0.53%) CISSP
10 18 (0.53%) MBA
11 13 (0.38%) Postgraduate
12 11 (0.32%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.29%) ISEB
13 10 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 9 (0.26%) GCIH
14 9 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.23%) GCIA
15 8 (0.23%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 165 (4.82%) QA
2 158 (4.62%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.76%) GDPR
4 12 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.23%) NIST
5 8 (0.23%) PMO
5 8 (0.23%) SLA
6 7 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.18%) WCAG
8 5 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.088%) GxP
9 3 (0.088%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.088%) NCSC
10 2 (0.058%) Actionable Recommendations
10 2 (0.058%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.029%) COBIT
11 1 (0.029%) DICOM
System Software
1 540 (15.78%) Docker
2 51 (1.49%) VirtualBox
3 26 (0.76%) Active Directory
4 15 (0.44%) Hyper-V
5 13 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.29%) Firmware
7 6 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.15%) vSphere
9 4 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.12%) IAG
10 3 (0.088%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.058%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.058%) XenApp
11 2 (0.058%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.029%) Corosync
12 1 (0.029%) DRBD
12 1 (0.029%) HDFS
12 1 (0.029%) KVM
12 1 (0.029%) NFS
12 1 (0.029%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 348 (10.17%) Kubernetes
2 212 (6.20%) Terraform
3 143 (4.18%) Ansible
4 60 (1.75%) Docker Swarm
5 31 (0.91%) Puppet
6 27 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
7 19 (0.56%) Kibana
8 15 (0.44%) Grafana
9 12 (0.35%) Istio
10 11 (0.32%) Marathon
10 11 (0.32%) Mesos
11 8 (0.23%) linkerd
12 7 (0.20%) Salt
13 6 (0.18%) Kubeflow
14 4 (0.12%) Oozie
14 4 (0.12%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.058%) logstash
15 2 (0.058%) MIIS
15 2 (0.058%) Packer
15 2 (0.058%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 292 (8.53%) Google
2 288 (8.42%) Microsoft
3 152 (4.44%) Bloomberg
4 92 (2.69%) Oracle
5 91 (2.66%) Tableau
6 71 (2.07%) Cloudera
7 61 (1.78%) IBM
8 59 (1.72%) Hortonworks
9 49 (1.43%) Informatica
10 44 (1.29%) Cisco
11 36 (1.05%) Databricks
12 35 (1.02%) Talend
13 29 (0.85%) Blue Prism
14 27 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
15 26 (0.76%) SAP
16 24 (0.70%) Ruckus Wireless
17 23 (0.67%) VMware
18 22 (0.64%) Splunk
19 21 (0.61%) Red Hat
20 20 (0.58%) UiPath