Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 110 132
Rank change year-on-year -1 +22 +96
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,104 3,519 3,934
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.84% 2.86% 2.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.07% 3.11% 2.82%
Number of salaries quoted 1,997 3,167 3,242
Median annual salary £61,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -6.15% - +8.33%
10th Percentile £38,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £126,250 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +6.00% -4.76% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,465 113,147 139,400
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.56% 92.03% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 53,753 90,749 111,461
Median annual salary £55,000 £53,053 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.67% +1.05% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1,868 £62,500 -3.85% 530
London -9 1,017 £72,500 -9.38% 256
UK excluding London +20 965 £53,000 +6.00% 296
Work from Home -9 430 £60,000 -14.29% 138
South East -3 262 £55,000 +10.00% 74
South West +9 159 £50,500 -1.46% 37
East of England +65 153 £50,000 -4.76% 69
Scotland +34 142 £50,000 +5.26% 12
North of England -46 123 £52,500 +10.53% 66
Midlands +34 109 £60,000 +20.00% 29
North West +16 95 £52,500 +10.53% 41
West Midlands +16 67 £58,750 +6.82% 21
East Midlands +21 42 £65,000 +44.44% 8
Yorkshire -49 22 £50,000 - 14
Wales +28 16 £35,250 -10.76% 7
North East +3 6 £57,500 +47.11% 11
Northern Ireland +6 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,077 (51.19%) Machine Learning
2 858 (40.78%) Python
3 841 (39.97%) Agile Software Development
4 564 (26.81%) AWS
5 537 (25.52%) Data Science
6 529 (25.14%) Analytics
7 527 (25.05%) Azure
8 469 (22.29%) Software Engineering
9 462 (21.96%) SQL
10 432 (20.53%) JavaScript
11 427 (20.29%) Java
12 422 (20.06%) DevOps
13 400 (19.01%) Finance
14 385 (18.30%) Docker
15 374 (17.78%) Degree
16 366 (17.40%) Big Data
17 334 (15.87%) Microservices
18 297 (14.12%) C#
19 288 (13.69%) Kubernetes
20 282 (13.40%) GCP
21 278 (13.21%) Problem-Solving
22 268 (12.74%) Scrum
23 245 (11.64%) .NET
24 239 (11.36%) React
25 234 (11.12%) Computer Science
26 209 (9.93%) Mathematics
27 202 (9.60%) Node.js
28 195 (9.27%) Microsoft
29 193 (9.17%) C++
29 193 (9.17%) Algorithms

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (6.32%) Apache Spark
2 69 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
3 53 (2.52%) Confluence
4 39 (1.85%) SAS
5 33 (1.57%) Apache
6 13 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
6 13 (0.62%) CMS
6 13 (0.62%) SharePoint
7 12 (0.57%) Smallworld
8 10 (0.48%) WordPress
9 9 (0.43%) nginx
10 7 (0.33%) Headless CMS
10 7 (0.33%) MS Exchange
10 7 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.24%) Jupyter
12 4 (0.19%) MQSeries
13 3 (0.14%) Anypoint
13 3 (0.14%) Umbraco
14 2 (0.095%) Apache Solr
14 2 (0.095%) Tomcat
Applications
1 40 (1.90%) Chatbot
2 31 (1.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.38%) SPSS
5 6 (0.29%) Simulink
6 4 (0.19%) Adobe XD
6 4 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.19%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.095%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.048%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 18 (0.86%) Loan IQ
2 11 (0.52%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 8 (0.38%) FINCAD Analytics
4 7 (0.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.19%) HFM
5 4 (0.19%) Hyperion Planning
6 2 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.095%) SAP Business One
7 1 (0.048%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
7 1 (0.048%) BigMachines
7 1 (0.048%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.048%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.048%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 564 (26.81%) AWS
2 527 (25.05%) Azure
3 282 (13.40%) GCP
4 188 (8.94%) SaaS
5 109 (5.18%) Serverless
6 67 (3.18%) Power Platform
7 62 (2.95%) PaaS
8 53 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
9 35 (1.66%) AWS Lambda
10 30 (1.43%) Amazon EKS
10 30 (1.43%) GitHub
11 29 (1.38%) IaaS
12 24 (1.14%) Amazon S3
12 24 (1.14%) Azure Functions
13 23 (1.09%) Amazon EMR
14 22 (1.05%) Azure Machine Learning
15 20 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
15 20 (0.95%) IBM Cloud
16 19 (0.90%) Amazon SageMaker
17 17 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.38%) Firewall
2 26 (1.24%) Internet
3 25 (1.19%) Wireless
4 23 (1.09%) HTTP
5 15 (0.71%) LAN
5 15 (0.71%) WAN
6 12 (0.57%) BGP
6 12 (0.57%) Broadband
6 12 (0.57%) DNS
6 12 (0.57%) MPLS
6 12 (0.57%) Software-Defined Radio
6 12 (0.57%) WLAN
7 9 (0.43%) SMTP
7 9 (0.43%) SSH
8 8 (0.38%) FTP
8 8 (0.38%) NAS
9 5 (0.24%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.24%) Parlay
10 4 (0.19%) DHCP
11 3 (0.14%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 366 (17.40%) Big Data
2 146 (6.94%) NoSQL
3 110 (5.23%) SQL Server
4 107 (5.09%) Hadoop
5 80 (3.80%) PostgreSQL
6 72 (3.42%) Tableau
7 64 (3.04%) Relational Database
8 62 (2.95%) MongoDB
9 59 (2.80%) Power BI
10 57 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
11 55 (2.61%) Data Mining
11 55 (2.61%) MySQL
12 37 (1.76%) Amazon Redshift
13 35 (1.66%) Apache Hive
13 35 (1.66%) Cosmos DB
14 32 (1.52%) Data Lake
15 31 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 29 (1.38%) Blockchain
17 24 (1.14%) Neo4j
17 24 (1.14%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 162 (7.70%) Git (software)
2 115 (5.47%) Jenkins
3 92 (4.37%) JIRA
4 27 (1.28%) SpecFlow
5 22 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 22 (1.05%) CircleCI
6 17 (0.81%) Selenium
7 16 (0.76%) FitNesse
7 16 (0.76%) JMeter
8 15 (0.71%) Vagrant
9 14 (0.67%) Mocha
9 14 (0.67%) Rational DOORS
9 14 (0.67%) webpack
10 13 (0.62%) Bitbucket
10 13 (0.62%) Visual Studio
11 12 (0.57%) Maven
12 10 (0.48%) Subversion
13 9 (0.43%) JUnit
13 9 (0.43%) Rational Rhapsody
14 8 (0.38%) Jasmine
General
1 400 (19.01%) Finance
2 127 (6.04%) Banking
3 121 (5.75%) Marketing
4 97 (4.61%) Law
5 95 (4.52%) Games
6 92 (4.37%) Legal
7 75 (3.56%) Public Sector
8 54 (2.57%) Investment Banking
9 52 (2.47%) Retail
10 49 (2.33%) Telecoms
11 47 (2.23%) Manufacturing
12 40 (1.90%) Front Office
13 26 (1.24%) Advertising
14 25 (1.19%) Electronics
15 23 (1.09%) Local Government
15 23 (1.09%) Publishing
16 16 (0.76%) Military
17 14 (0.67%) Aerospace
17 14 (0.67%) Avionics
17 14 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 654 (31.08%) Developer
2 216 (10.27%) Software Engineer
3 137 (6.51%) Architect
3 137 (6.51%) Senior Developer
4 135 (6.42%) Data Engineer
5 128 (6.08%) Data Scientist
6 101 (4.80%) Graduate
7 100 (4.75%) Software Developer
8 98 (4.66%) DevOps Engineer
9 95 (4.52%) Python Engineer
10 85 (4.04%) Solutions Architect
11 83 (3.94%) Full Stack Developer
12 80 (3.80%) .NET Developer
13 79 (3.75%) Java Developer
14 76 (3.61%) Consultant
15 74 (3.52%) Graduate Developer
16 71 (3.37%) Analyst
17 61 (2.90%) Senior Software Engineer
18 60 (2.85%) C# Developer
19 59 (2.80%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 245 (11.64%) .NET
2 239 (11.36%) React
3 202 (9.60%) Node.js
4 174 (8.27%) AngularJS
5 168 (7.98%) Natural Language Processing
6 167 (7.94%) CSS
7 156 (7.41%) HTML
8 127 (6.04%) TensorFlow
9 106 (5.04%) Kafka
10 87 (4.13%) REST
11 80 (3.80%) RESTful
12 77 (3.66%) .NET Core
13 75 (3.56%) Vue.js
14 65 (3.09%) .NET Framework
15 64 (3.04%) Web Services
16 56 (2.66%) PyTorch
17 50 (2.38%) HTML5
18 46 (2.19%) scikit-learn
19 43 (2.04%) Django
19 43 (2.04%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 193 (9.17%) Algorithms
2 153 (7.27%) Analytical Skills
3 107 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
4 101 (4.80%) User Experience
5 71 (3.37%) Robotics
6 64 (3.04%) Hedge funds
7 62 (2.95%) Mobile App
8 51 (2.42%) Virtual Team
9 48 (2.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 47 (2.23%) Cloud Native
11 45 (2.14%) Cyberattack
11 45 (2.14%) Equities
12 41 (1.95%) Data Structures
13 36 (1.71%) Fixed Income
14 35 (1.66%) Derivative
15 32 (1.52%) Online Games
16 26 (1.24%) Public Cloud
17 25 (1.19%) Life Science
18 24 (1.14%) NHS
18 24 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 188 (8.94%) Linux
2 40 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 36 (1.71%) CentOS
4 32 (1.52%) Windows
5 27 (1.28%) Android
6 17 (0.81%) Apple iOS
7 11 (0.52%) Unix
8 8 (0.38%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.29%) Fedora
9 6 (0.29%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.24%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
11 3 (0.14%) VxWorks
11 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.095%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.048%) Debian
13 1 (0.048%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.048%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,077 (51.19%) Machine Learning
2 841 (39.97%) Agile Software Development
3 537 (25.52%) Data Science
4 529 (25.14%) Analytics
5 469 (22.29%) Software Engineering
6 422 (20.06%) DevOps
7 334 (15.87%) Microservices
8 278 (13.21%) Problem-Solving
9 268 (12.74%) Scrum
10 234 (11.12%) Computer Science
11 209 (9.93%) Mathematics
12 191 (9.08%) Mentoring
13 176 (8.37%) Fintech
14 174 (8.27%) Data Engineering
15 167 (7.94%) Test Automation
16 164 (7.79%) Open Source
17 143 (6.80%) Data Analytics
18 137 (6.51%) Business Intelligence
18 137 (6.51%) TDD
19 131 (6.23%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 858 (40.78%) Python
2 462 (21.96%) SQL
3 432 (20.53%) JavaScript
4 427 (20.29%) Java
5 297 (14.12%) C#
6 193 (9.17%) C++
7 134 (6.37%) TypeScript
8 129 (6.13%) Go
9 116 (5.51%) C
10 106 (5.04%) R
11 101 (4.80%) Scala
12 78 (3.71%) Bash Shell
13 43 (2.04%) MATLAB
14 42 (2.00%) ES6
15 39 (1.85%) PHP
16 32 (1.52%) Kotlin
16 32 (1.52%) Ruby
17 27 (1.28%) T-SQL
18 20 (0.95%) PowerShell
19 15 (0.71%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 374 (17.78%) Degree
2 143 (6.80%) PhD
3 101 (4.80%) Security Cleared
4 82 (3.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 54 (2.57%) SC Cleared
6 37 (1.76%) Master's Degree
7 34 (1.62%) DV Cleared
8 22 (1.05%) AWS Certification
9 15 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 14 (0.67%) CCNA
10 14 (0.67%) CCNP
10 14 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
11 11 (0.52%) PMI Certification
12 9 (0.43%) MPhil
13 5 (0.24%) ACCA
13 5 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
13 5 (0.24%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.19%) CIMA
14 4 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.14%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (5.42%) QA
2 31 (1.47%) Dodd-Frank
2 31 (1.47%) EMIR
2 31 (1.47%) MiFID
3 29 (1.38%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.48%) GDPR
6 6 (0.29%) NCSC
6 6 (0.29%) NIST
6 6 (0.29%) NIST 800
7 5 (0.24%) PMO
8 4 (0.19%) CDISC
8 4 (0.19%) WCAG
9 2 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.095%) ITGC
9 2 (0.095%) SLA
10 1 (0.048%) GAMP
10 1 (0.048%) Good Clinical Practice
10 1 (0.048%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.048%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 385 (18.30%) Docker
2 20 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.71%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.24%) oVirt
7 5 (0.24%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 5 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.048%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.048%) Firmware
8 1 (0.048%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.048%) NFS
8 1 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 288 (13.69%) Kubernetes
2 126 (5.99%) Terraform
3 103 (4.90%) Ansible
4 30 (1.43%) Prometheus
5 25 (1.19%) Grafana
5 25 (1.19%) Puppet
6 15 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
7 9 (0.43%) Kibana
7 9 (0.43%) Nagios
8 8 (0.38%) Marathon
8 8 (0.38%) Mesos
9 5 (0.24%) MIIS
9 5 (0.24%) Observium
9 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 5 (0.24%) ZABBIX
10 4 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.19%) SCCM
11 3 (0.14%) Icinga
11 3 (0.14%) Pingdom
11 3 (0.14%) systemd
Vendors
1 195 (9.27%) Microsoft
2 133 (6.32%) Google
3 49 (2.33%) Red Hat
4 41 (1.95%) IBM
5 36 (1.71%) Ceridian
6 35 (1.66%) Databricks
7 34 (1.62%) Oracle
8 30 (1.43%) SAP
9 29 (1.38%) Talend
10 25 (1.19%) VMware
11 24 (1.14%) Cloudera
11 24 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
12 22 (1.05%) Blue Prism
13 18 (0.86%) Cisco
13 18 (0.86%) Murex
14 17 (0.81%) Sun
15 15 (0.71%) Hortonworks
15 15 (0.71%) Twitter
16 13 (0.62%) UiPath
17 12 (0.57%) Informatica