Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 107 121 162
Rank change year-on-year +14 +41 +124
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,655 3,663 3,491
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.92% 2.70% 2.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.17% 2.93% 2.34%
Number of salaries quoted 1,627 3,213 3,035
Median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £62,500
10th Percentile £38,000 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £115,000 £101,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,278 125,094 149,093
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.19% 92.18% 92.03%
Number of salaries quoted 43,371 99,073 118,586
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,886
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +3.17% +1.77%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +3.45%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 1,491 £62,500 -3.85% 319
London +5 833 £70,000 -6.67% 132
UK excluding London +24 760 £52,500 +5.00% 200
Work from Home +5 265 £63,750 -8.93% 79
South East +35 247 £55,000 - 44
East of England +86 121 £50,000 +11.11% 42
South West -21 111 £51,250 +2.50% 25
Scotland +49 105 £47,500 -5.00% 12
North of England -56 83 £50,000 +5.26% 55
Midlands +44 78 £60,000 +20.00% 20
West Midlands +55 50 £57,500 +6.94% 16
North West -17 50 £48,750 +2.63% 28
East Midlands +37 28 £65,000 +42.08% 4
Yorkshire -13 28 £52,500 +10.53% 12
Wales +37 12 £47,500 +21.79% 2
Northern Ireland +23 5 £60,000 -60.00% 1
North East +2 5 £55,000 +40.71% 15

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 863 (52.15%) Machine Learning
2 677 (40.91%) Python
3 640 (38.67%) Agile Software Development
4 467 (28.22%) AWS
5 405 (24.47%) Analytics
6 398 (24.05%) Azure
6 398 (24.05%) JavaScript
7 385 (23.26%) SQL
7 385 (23.26%) Data Science
8 365 (22.05%) Java
9 327 (19.76%) Finance
10 294 (17.76%) Software Engineering
11 290 (17.52%) DevOps
12 278 (16.80%) C#
13 256 (15.47%) Microservices
14 248 (14.98%) Degree
15 247 (14.92%) Big Data
16 238 (14.38%) Docker
17 228 (13.78%) .NET
18 200 (12.08%) GCP
19 193 (11.66%) Algorithms
20 192 (11.60%) Scrum
21 189 (11.42%) Node.js
22 188 (11.36%) React
23 174 (10.51%) Microsoft
24 165 (9.97%) Kubernetes
25 161 (9.73%) Natural Language Processing
26 159 (9.61%) Computer Science
27 154 (9.31%) Mathematics
28 150 (9.06%) C++

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (6.65%) Apache Spark
2 45 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (1.99%) Smallworld
4 24 (1.45%) Confluence
5 18 (1.09%) Apache
6 17 (1.03%) SAS
7 9 (0.54%) Jupyter
8 8 (0.48%) SharePoint
9 7 (0.42%) nginx
10 5 (0.30%) CMS
10 5 (0.30%) MQSeries
10 5 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.30%) WordPress
11 3 (0.18%) Anypoint
11 3 (0.18%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.12%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.12%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.12%) Drupal
12 2 (0.12%) Pachyderm
12 2 (0.12%) WebSphere
Applications
1 54 (3.26%) Chatbot
2 19 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.24%) Figma
5 4 (0.24%) S-PLUS
6 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.060%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.060%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.060%) InVision
7 1 (0.060%) Maya
7 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.060%) Sketch
7 1 (0.060%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.060%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (0.85%) Loan IQ
2 5 (0.30%) BigMachines
3 4 (0.24%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.12%) SAP Business One
5 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 467 (28.22%) AWS
2 398 (24.05%) Azure
3 200 (12.08%) GCP
4 148 (8.94%) SaaS
5 90 (5.44%) Serverless
6 80 (4.83%) Power Platform
7 48 (2.90%) Cloud Computing
8 40 (2.42%) AWS Lambda
9 38 (2.30%) PaaS
10 25 (1.51%) GitHub
10 25 (1.51%) IaaS
11 22 (1.33%) OpenShift
12 20 (1.21%) Amazon SageMaker
13 19 (1.15%) Amazon S3
13 19 (1.15%) Amazon SQS
14 17 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
14 17 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
15 16 (0.97%) Amazon EKS
16 13 (0.79%) Office 365
17 11 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.99%) Broadband
2 23 (1.39%) LAN
2 23 (1.39%) WAN
3 21 (1.27%) Wireless
4 19 (1.15%) Internet
5 18 (1.09%) BGP
5 18 (1.09%) HTTP
5 18 (1.09%) MPLS
6 17 (1.03%) Firewall
7 15 (0.91%) WLAN
8 11 (0.66%) DNS
9 8 (0.48%) FTP
9 8 (0.48%) SMTP
9 8 (0.48%) SSH
10 7 (0.42%) 5G
10 7 (0.42%) NAS
10 7 (0.42%) Network Security
10 7 (0.42%) Software-Defined Radio
11 5 (0.30%) Parlay
12 4 (0.24%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 247 (14.92%) Big Data
2 113 (6.83%) NoSQL
3 90 (5.44%) SQL Server
4 89 (5.38%) Tableau
5 80 (4.83%) Hadoop
6 76 (4.59%) MongoDB
6 76 (4.59%) PostgreSQL
7 74 (4.47%) Power BI
8 65 (3.93%) Relational Database
9 44 (2.66%) Data Mining
10 39 (2.36%) Data Lake
10 39 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
10 39 (2.36%) MySQL
11 36 (2.18%) Blockchain
12 33 (1.99%) Apache Hive
13 27 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
14 25 (1.51%) Amazon Redshift
15 21 (1.27%) QlikView
15 21 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 19 (1.15%) Redis
Development Applications
1 133 (8.04%) Git (software)
2 62 (3.75%) JIRA
3 59 (3.56%) Jenkins
4 24 (1.45%) SpecFlow
5 21 (1.27%) CircleCI
6 19 (1.15%) Mocha
7 18 (1.09%) Selenium
8 17 (1.03%) JMeter
8 17 (1.03%) Subversion
8 17 (1.03%) Visual Studio
9 16 (0.97%) FitNesse
10 12 (0.73%) GitLab
10 12 (0.73%) Maven
11 10 (0.60%) Team Foundation Server
11 10 (0.60%) TeamCity
12 9 (0.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 9 (0.54%) webpack
13 8 (0.48%) Bitbucket
13 8 (0.48%) Cucumber
13 8 (0.48%) Jasmine
General
1 327 (19.76%) Finance
2 119 (7.19%) Banking
3 71 (4.29%) Games
4 70 (4.23%) Marketing
5 59 (3.56%) Investment Banking
6 52 (3.14%) Law
7 47 (2.84%) Front Office
8 43 (2.60%) Manufacturing
9 35 (2.11%) Public Sector
9 35 (2.11%) Retail
10 30 (1.81%) Legal
10 30 (1.81%) Telecoms
11 23 (1.39%) Electronics
12 21 (1.27%) Advertising
13 20 (1.21%) Publishing
14 19 (1.15%) Pharmaceutical
15 12 (0.73%) Local Government
16 8 (0.48%) Billing
17 7 (0.42%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.42%) German Language
Job Titles
1 492 (29.73%) Developer
2 134 (8.10%) Software Engineer
3 122 (7.37%) Architect
4 118 (7.13%) Data Scientist
5 111 (6.71%) Senior Developer
6 87 (5.26%) Java Developer
7 85 (5.14%) Data Engineer
8 83 (5.02%) Analyst
9 72 (4.35%) .NET Developer
10 70 (4.23%) Solutions Architect
11 69 (4.17%) Python Engineer
12 67 (4.05%) Software Developer
13 62 (3.75%) Python Developer
14 57 (3.44%) Consultant
15 55 (3.32%) DevOps Engineer
16 51 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
17 50 (3.02%) Machine Learning Engineer
18 44 (2.66%) JavaScript Developer
18 44 (2.66%) Senior Data Scientist
19 40 (2.42%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 228 (13.78%) .NET
2 189 (11.42%) Node.js
3 188 (11.36%) React
4 161 (9.73%) Natural Language Processing
5 148 (8.94%) HTML
6 146 (8.82%) AngularJS
7 141 (8.52%) CSS
8 137 (8.28%) TensorFlow
9 88 (5.32%) .NET Core
10 69 (4.17%) .NET Framework
11 67 (4.05%) Kafka
12 66 (3.99%) RESTful
13 63 (3.81%) REST
14 61 (3.69%) PyTorch
14 61 (3.69%) Vue.js
15 59 (3.56%) Web Services
16 53 (3.20%) Express
17 52 (3.14%) Redux
18 51 (3.08%) scikit-learn
19 48 (2.90%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 193 (11.66%) Algorithms
2 96 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
3 75 (4.53%) Greenfield Project
4 63 (3.81%) User Experience
5 57 (3.44%) Hedge funds
6 53 (3.20%) Equities
6 53 (3.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 50 (3.02%) Mobile App
8 46 (2.78%) Robotics
9 41 (2.48%) Fixed Income
10 40 (2.42%) Derivative
11 30 (1.81%) Data Structures
12 26 (1.57%) Virtual Team
13 25 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
14 24 (1.45%) Cloud Native
14 24 (1.45%) NHS
15 23 (1.39%) Management Information System
16 22 (1.33%) Blog
17 20 (1.21%) Life Science
18 18 (1.09%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 123 (7.43%) Linux
2 31 (1.87%) Windows
3 25 (1.51%) Android
4 15 (0.91%) Apple iOS
5 12 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (0.60%) CentOS
7 8 (0.48%) Unix
7 8 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (0.42%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.30%) Fedora
10 3 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.18%) Robot Operating System
10 3 (0.18%) VxWorks
11 1 (0.060%) AIX
11 1 (0.060%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.060%) Solaris
11 1 (0.060%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.060%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 863 (52.15%) Machine Learning
2 640 (38.67%) Agile Software Development
3 405 (24.47%) Analytics
4 385 (23.26%) Data Science
5 294 (17.76%) Software Engineering
6 290 (17.52%) DevOps
7 256 (15.47%) Microservices
8 192 (11.60%) Scrum
9 159 (9.61%) Computer Science
10 154 (9.31%) Mathematics
11 148 (8.94%) Mentoring
12 141 (8.52%) Problem-Solving
13 133 (8.04%) Fintech
14 131 (7.92%) Deep Learning
15 123 (7.43%) Open Source
16 119 (7.19%) Data Analytics
17 115 (6.95%) Test Automation
18 109 (6.59%) Business Intelligence
19 103 (6.22%) TDD
20 99 (5.98%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 677 (40.91%) Python
2 398 (24.05%) JavaScript
3 385 (23.26%) SQL
4 365 (22.05%) Java
5 278 (16.80%) C#
6 150 (9.06%) C++
7 110 (6.65%) Scala
8 102 (6.16%) R
9 88 (5.32%) TypeScript
10 77 (4.65%) C
11 55 (3.32%) Go
12 48 (2.90%) Bash Shell
13 36 (2.18%) ES6
14 35 (2.11%) PHP
15 32 (1.93%) PowerShell
16 31 (1.87%) MATLAB
17 28 (1.69%) T-SQL
18 22 (1.33%) Kotlin
19 14 (0.85%) Clojure
19 14 (0.85%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 248 (14.98%) Degree
2 104 (6.28%) PhD
3 82 (4.95%) Security Cleared
4 51 (3.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (2.36%) Master's Degree
5 39 (2.36%) SC Cleared
6 38 (2.30%) DV Cleared
7 21 (1.27%) AWS Certification
7 21 (1.27%) CCNA
7 21 (1.27%) CCNP
7 21 (1.27%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.54%) PMI Certification
10 5 (0.30%) MPhil
11 3 (0.18%) BC Cleared
11 3 (0.18%) CCDP
11 3 (0.18%) MBA
12 2 (0.12%) Six Sigma Green Belt
13 1 (0.060%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.060%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (5.62%) QA
2 24 (1.45%) Dodd-Frank
2 24 (1.45%) EMIR
2 24 (1.45%) MiFID
3 21 (1.27%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.36%) NCSC
5 6 (0.36%) NIST
5 6 (0.36%) NIST 800
6 5 (0.30%) GDPR
7 4 (0.24%) WCAG
8 3 (0.18%) PMO
9 2 (0.12%) ISO 13485
9 2 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.12%) SLA
10 1 (0.060%) GAMP
10 1 (0.060%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.060%) HL7
10 1 (0.060%) ITGC
10 1 (0.060%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 238 (14.38%) Docker
2 16 (0.97%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.30%) oVirt
5 5 (0.30%) Slurm Workload Manager
5 5 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.24%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.060%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.060%) Firmware
7 1 (0.060%) HDFS
7 1 (0.060%) NFS
Systems Management
1 165 (9.97%) Kubernetes
2 78 (4.71%) Terraform
3 49 (2.96%) Ansible
4 27 (1.63%) Puppet
5 16 (0.97%) Mesos
6 15 (0.91%) Marathon
7 7 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (0.42%) Grafana
7 7 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.42%) Prometheus
8 6 (0.36%) Kibana
8 6 (0.36%) Nagios
9 5 (0.30%) Observium
9 5 (0.30%) Rancher
9 5 (0.30%) Red Hat Spacewalk
9 5 (0.30%) ZABBIX
10 4 (0.24%) WebSphere Cast Iron
11 3 (0.18%) Pingdom
12 1 (0.060%) Icinga
12 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 174 (10.51%) Microsoft
2 80 (4.83%) Google
3 40 (2.42%) Databricks
4 36 (2.18%) Ceridian
5 27 (1.63%) IBM
6 26 (1.57%) Cisco
7 19 (1.15%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.09%) SAP
8 18 (1.09%) Talend
9 16 (0.97%) VMware
10 15 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
11 14 (0.85%) Cloudera
11 14 (0.85%) Facebook
11 14 (0.85%) Murex
12 13 (0.79%) Oracle
13 12 (0.73%) Blue Prism
14 10 (0.60%) UiPath
15 9 (0.54%) Atlassian
15 9 (0.54%) NVIDIA
16 7 (0.42%) DocuSign