Period
to 21 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 99 142 185
Rank change year-on-year +43 +43 +161
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,574 3,556 3,176
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.18% 2.53% 1.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.44% 2.75% 2.06%
Number of salaries quoted 1,538 2,958 2,818
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £38,712 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £102,500 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +5.00%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 45,760 129,361 153,876
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.55% 92.20% 91.87%
Number of salaries quoted 37,143 101,511 122,548
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 1,465 £65,000 +4.00% 293
London +18 825 £72,500 - 145
UK excluding London +55 715 £52,500 +5.00% 167
South East +85 305 £55,000 - 36
Work from Home +28 174 £60,000 -7.69% 49
North of England -18 93 £50,000 +10.86% 38
East of England +97 91 £55,000 +10.00% 35
South West -17 80 £55,000 +4.76% 18
North West +20 67 £47,500 - 13
Midlands +60 65 £55,000 +4.76% 20
West Midlands +88 58 £56,250 +18.42% 16
Scotland +22 57 £47,500 -5.00% 12
Wales +47 25 £44,379 -11.24% 5
Yorkshire +33 22 £60,000 +33.04% 10
East Midlands +38 14 £55,000 - 4
Northern Ireland +29 9 £55,000 +23.60% 2
North East +11 4 £47,500 +21.52% 15

For the 6 months to 21 September 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 820 (52.10%) Machine Learning
2 654 (41.55%) Python
3 603 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
4 474 (30.11%) JavaScript
5 461 (29.29%) AWS
6 382 (24.27%) Java
7 380 (24.14%) Software Engineering
8 346 (21.98%) SQL
9 339 (21.54%) Analytics
10 333 (21.16%) Data Science
11 322 (20.46%) Azure
12 317 (20.14%) C#
13 314 (19.95%) Finance
14 301 (19.12%) Docker
15 280 (17.79%) Degree
16 273 (17.34%) DevOps
17 252 (16.01%) Big Data
18 242 (15.37%) Microservices
19 239 (15.18%) .NET
20 217 (13.79%) Kubernetes
21 200 (12.71%) Algorithms
22 178 (11.31%) React
23 164 (10.42%) Computer Science
24 160 (10.17%) HTML
25 157 (9.97%) GCP
26 153 (9.72%) Linux
27 152 (9.66%) C++
28 149 (9.47%) Scrum
29 146 (9.28%) Node.js
30 145 (9.21%) CSS

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (7.12%) Apache Spark
2 43 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (2.29%) Apache
4 32 (2.03%) Smallworld
5 21 (1.33%) Confluence
6 18 (1.14%) SAS
6 18 (1.14%) WebSphere
7 13 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
8 11 (0.70%) Jupyter
9 10 (0.64%) CMS
10 9 (0.57%) WordPress
11 8 (0.51%) Umbraco
12 6 (0.38%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.25%) Apache Synapse
13 4 (0.25%) IBM Domino
13 4 (0.25%) Tomcat
14 3 (0.19%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.19%) IIS
14 3 (0.19%) JBoss
14 3 (0.19%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 63 (4.00%) Chatbot
2 18 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.25%) Figma
4 4 (0.25%) S-PLUS
5 3 (0.19%) Blender
5 3 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.13%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.13%) InVision
6 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.13%) Sketch
6 2 (0.13%) SPSS
7 1 (0.064%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.064%) Maya
7 1 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.064%) Stata
Business Applications
1 25 (1.59%) FINCAD Analytics
2 5 (0.32%) BigMachines
3 4 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.19%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.064%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 461 (29.29%) AWS
2 322 (20.46%) Azure
3 157 (9.97%) GCP
4 93 (5.91%) SaaS
5 90 (5.72%) Power Platform
6 65 (4.13%) Serverless
7 50 (3.18%) OpenShift
8 41 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
9 38 (2.41%) GitHub
10 33 (2.10%) AWS Lambda
11 32 (2.03%) PaaS
12 26 (1.65%) IaaS
13 24 (1.52%) Amazon S3
13 24 (1.52%) Office 365
14 22 (1.40%) AWS CloudFormation
15 20 (1.27%) Amazon SQS
16 13 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
16 13 (0.83%) Amazon Kinesis
17 12 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
17 12 (0.76%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.03%) Broadband
2 19 (1.21%) Firewall
2 19 (1.21%) Internet
2 19 (1.21%) LAN
2 19 (1.21%) WAN
3 14 (0.89%) BGP
3 14 (0.89%) MPLS
4 10 (0.64%) Wireless
5 9 (0.57%) Network Security
6 8 (0.51%) TCP/IP
6 8 (0.51%) WLAN
7 7 (0.44%) 5G
7 7 (0.44%) DNS
8 4 (0.25%) HTTP
8 4 (0.25%) RFID
8 4 (0.25%) Skype
8 4 (0.25%) SSL
9 3 (0.19%) Bluetooth
10 2 (0.13%) FTP
10 2 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 252 (16.01%) Big Data
2 120 (7.62%) NoSQL
3 101 (6.42%) SQL Server
4 89 (5.65%) MongoDB
5 88 (5.59%) Power BI
6 85 (5.40%) Hadoop
7 74 (4.70%) PostgreSQL
8 58 (3.68%) Relational Database
9 51 (3.24%) Data Warehouse
10 48 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 42 (2.67%) Blockchain
11 42 (2.67%) MySQL
12 41 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
13 34 (2.16%) Data Lake
14 33 (2.10%) Apache Hive
15 32 (2.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 31 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 30 (1.91%) Amazon Athena
17 30 (1.91%) Data Mining
18 26 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 121 (7.69%) Git (software)
2 68 (4.32%) Jenkins
3 48 (3.05%) Mocha
4 45 (2.86%) JIRA
5 32 (2.03%) CircleCI
6 29 (1.84%) JUnit
7 28 (1.78%) Cucumber
8 27 (1.72%) TeamCity
9 26 (1.65%) GitLab
10 20 (1.27%) Maven
10 20 (1.27%) Octopus Deploy
10 20 (1.27%) Selenium
10 20 (1.27%) Visual Studio
11 18 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
12 13 (0.83%) Subversion
13 11 (0.70%) MSBuild
14 10 (0.64%) webpack
15 9 (0.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 9 (0.57%) CMake
15 9 (0.57%) ERwin
General
1 314 (19.95%) Finance
2 114 (7.24%) Banking
3 80 (5.08%) Front Office
4 47 (2.99%) Marketing
5 44 (2.80%) Retail
6 39 (2.48%) Legal
7 38 (2.41%) Games
8 33 (2.10%) Investment Banking
9 30 (1.91%) Manufacturing
10 29 (1.84%) Law
11 27 (1.72%) Telecoms
12 23 (1.46%) Pharmaceutical
13 21 (1.33%) Electronics
14 20 (1.27%) Public Sector
15 11 (0.70%) Advertising
15 11 (0.70%) Local Government
16 10 (0.64%) Back Office
16 10 (0.64%) Police
17 9 (0.57%) Military
18 6 (0.38%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 505 (32.08%) Developer
2 198 (12.58%) Software Engineer
3 123 (7.81%) Java Developer
4 107 (6.80%) Architect
5 104 (6.61%) Data Scientist
6 102 (6.48%) Senior Developer
7 90 (5.72%) .NET Developer
8 82 (5.21%) Data Engineer
9 77 (4.89%) Analyst
10 69 (4.38%) Python Developer
11 56 (3.56%) Python Engineer
12 53 (3.37%) Software Developer
13 52 (3.30%) Senior Data Scientist
14 51 (3.24%) JavaScript Developer
15 48 (3.05%) AWS Developer
15 48 (3.05%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 44 (2.80%) Consultant
17 43 (2.73%) DevOps Engineer
17 43 (2.73%) JavaScript Engineer
18 42 (2.67%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 239 (15.18%) .NET
2 178 (11.31%) React
3 160 (10.17%) HTML
4 146 (9.28%) Node.js
5 145 (9.21%) CSS
6 141 (8.96%) Natural Language Processing
7 134 (8.51%) Web Services
8 128 (8.13%) AngularJS
9 120 (7.62%) .NET Core
10 114 (7.24%) TensorFlow
11 82 (5.21%) .NET Framework
12 75 (4.76%) Kafka
13 57 (3.62%) REST
13 57 (3.62%) Vue.js
14 55 (3.49%) ASP.NET
14 55 (3.49%) PyTorch
15 53 (3.37%) Spring
16 52 (3.30%) Redux
16 52 (3.30%) RESTful
16 52 (3.30%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 200 (12.71%) Algorithms
2 105 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
3 66 (4.19%) Hedge funds
4 57 (3.62%) Greenfield Project
5 51 (3.24%) Derivative
5 51 (3.24%) Fixed Income
6 50 (3.18%) User Experience
7 44 (2.80%) Robotics
8 38 (2.41%) Management Information System
9 37 (2.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 36 (2.29%) Equities
10 36 (2.29%) Mobile App
11 32 (2.03%) Data Structures
12 30 (1.91%) Cloud Native
13 29 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
14 18 (1.14%) Blog
15 15 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
15 15 (0.95%) Life Science
15 15 (0.95%) NHS
15 15 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 153 (9.72%) Linux
2 49 (3.11%) Android
3 46 (2.92%) Windows
4 34 (2.16%) Apple iOS
5 14 (0.89%) Windows Server
6 12 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (0.70%) Unix
8 9 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.25%) Solaris
11 3 (0.19%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.13%) VxWorks
13 1 (0.064%) CentOS
13 1 (0.064%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.064%) Robot Operating System
13 1 (0.064%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 820 (52.10%) Machine Learning
2 603 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
3 380 (24.14%) Software Engineering
4 339 (21.54%) Analytics
5 333 (21.16%) Data Science
6 273 (17.34%) DevOps
7 242 (15.37%) Microservices
8 164 (10.42%) Computer Science
9 149 (9.47%) Scrum
10 140 (8.89%) Fintech
11 137 (8.70%) Mathematics
12 125 (7.94%) Asset Management
13 123 (7.81%) Deep Learning
14 121 (7.69%) Open Source
15 117 (7.43%) Mentoring
16 112 (7.12%) Test Automation
17 111 (7.05%) Problem-Solving
18 107 (6.80%) Business Intelligence
19 105 (6.67%) Visualisation
20 103 (6.54%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 654 (41.55%) Python
2 474 (30.11%) JavaScript
3 382 (24.27%) Java
4 346 (21.98%) SQL
5 317 (20.14%) C#
6 152 (9.66%) C++
7 118 (7.50%) Scala
8 97 (6.16%) R
9 60 (3.81%) C
10 56 (3.56%) Kotlin
11 55 (3.49%) Go
12 51 (3.24%) TypeScript
13 50 (3.18%) PHP
14 48 (3.05%) ES6
15 38 (2.41%) PowerShell
16 26 (1.65%) Bash Shell
16 26 (1.65%) T-SQL
17 23 (1.46%) Java 8
18 22 (1.40%) MATLAB
18 22 (1.40%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 280 (17.79%) Degree
2 86 (5.46%) Security Cleared
3 84 (5.34%) PhD
4 65 (4.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 56 (3.56%) DV Cleared
6 39 (2.48%) SC Cleared
7 29 (1.84%) Master's Degree
8 19 (1.21%) CCNP
8 19 (1.21%) Cisco Certification
9 18 (1.14%) AWS Certification
10 17 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
11 16 (1.02%) CCNA
12 9 (0.57%) CCDP
13 5 (0.32%) MBA
14 3 (0.19%) CCDE
14 3 (0.19%) CCIE
14 3 (0.19%) ISEB
14 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.19%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 2 (0.13%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (5.15%) QA
2 23 (1.46%) Data Quality
3 18 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 13 (0.83%) GDPR
4 13 (0.83%) NCSC
4 13 (0.83%) NIST
4 13 (0.83%) NIST 800
5 7 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (0.44%) EMIR
5 7 (0.44%) MiFID
6 4 (0.25%) ISO 13485
7 3 (0.19%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.19%) PMO
8 2 (0.13%) SLA
9 1 (0.064%) GAMP
9 1 (0.064%) Good Clinical Practice
9 1 (0.064%) HL7
9 1 (0.064%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.064%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 301 (19.12%) Docker
2 30 (1.91%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.19%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.13%) HDFS
6 2 (0.13%) vCloud
6 2 (0.13%) vSphere
7 1 (0.064%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.064%) NFS
Systems Management
1 217 (13.79%) Kubernetes
2 83 (5.27%) Terraform
3 46 (2.92%) Ansible
4 21 (1.33%) Mesos
5 20 (1.27%) Marathon
6 16 (1.02%) Puppet
7 12 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
8 11 (0.70%) Kibana
9 7 (0.44%) Pingdom
10 5 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.25%) Grafana
12 3 (0.19%) Nagios
12 3 (0.19%) Rancher
13 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
13 2 (0.13%) WebSphere Cast Iron
14 1 (0.064%) Hadoop YARN
14 1 (0.064%) Icinga
14 1 (0.064%) Packer
14 1 (0.064%) Salt
14 1 (0.064%) SCCM
Vendors
1 137 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 78 (4.96%) Tableau
3 69 (4.38%) Google
4 28 (1.78%) IBM
5 27 (1.72%) Databricks
6 25 (1.59%) Bloomberg
7 23 (1.46%) Cisco
8 19 (1.21%) Oracle
9 18 (1.14%) Facebook
9 18 (1.14%) Informatica
10 16 (1.02%) NVIDIA
11 13 (0.83%) UiPath
12 12 (0.76%) Blue Prism
13 11 (0.70%) Cloudera
13 11 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
13 11 (0.70%) SAP
14 9 (0.57%) Automation Anywhere
14 9 (0.57%) Red Hat
14 9 (0.57%) Talend
14 9 (0.57%) Xamarin