Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 194 418 688
Rank change year-on-year +224 +270 +373
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,044 1,294 685
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.75% 0.75% 0.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.93% 0.83% 0.38%
Number of salaries quoted 2,603 1,132 595
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,750 £26,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £49,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +16.47% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,728 156,811 181,236
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.74% 90.60% 89.98%
Number of salaries quoted 126,509 127,671 150,738
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +1.06%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +224 2,950 £60,000 - 433
London +164 1,618 £70,000 +7.69% 217
UK excluding London +221 1,395 £55,000 +11.11% 235
East of England +95 437 £57,500 -11.54% 61
South East +155 364 £50,000 +11.11% 51
South West +136 242 £55,000 +37.50% 46
North of England +87 175 £50,000 +1.01% 36
North West +45 130 £47,500 +5.56% 25
Midlands +77 111 £40,000 - 21
West Midlands +50 74 £40,000 - 14
Scotland +6 49 £47,500 -29.63% 12
East Midlands +33 37 £42,000 +5.00% 7
Yorkshire +45 30 £55,000 - 11
North East -8 15 £50,000 +11.11%
Wales +15 13 £45,000 - 5
Northern Ireland +15 8 £45,000 -14.29% 3

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,791 (58.84%) Machine Learning
2 1,239 (40.70%) Python
3 1,093 (35.91%) Agile Software Development
4 940 (30.88%) Java
5 688 (22.60%) Data Science
6 684 (22.47%) JavaScript
7 635 (20.86%) Analytics
8 632 (20.76%) Big Data
9 631 (20.73%) Software Engineering
10 613 (20.14%) Amazon AWS
11 600 (19.71%) C++
12 536 (17.61%) SQL
13 534 (17.54%) Finance
14 527 (17.31%) Algorithms
15 495 (16.26%) Computer Science
16 469 (15.41%) Mathematics
17 467 (15.34%) PhD
18 464 (15.24%) Degree
19 455 (14.95%) C#
20 454 (14.91%) Linux
21 425 (13.96%) HTML
22 410 (13.47%) TDD
23 401 (13.17%) CSS
24 375 (12.32%) Deep Learning
25 372 (12.22%) DevOps
26 367 (12.06%) Apache Spark
27 359 (11.79%) AngularJS
28 342 (11.24%) Natural Language Processing
29 341 (11.20%) Microsoft Azure
30 337 (11.07%) React

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 367 (12.06%) Apache Spark
2 107 (3.52%) Elasticsearch
3 73 (2.40%) Apache
4 60 (1.97%) SAS
5 55 (1.81%) Apache Pig
6 33 (1.08%) Ethereum
7 32 (1.05%) Tomcat
8 28 (0.92%) Confluence
9 20 (0.66%) nginx
10 19 (0.62%) Apache Solr
11 18 (0.59%) Drupal
12 15 (0.49%) Hyperledger
13 14 (0.46%) JBoss
14 13 (0.43%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.36%) IIS
16 10 (0.33%) WordPress
17 8 (0.26%) Jupyter
17 8 (0.26%) Oracle Self-Service HR
18 7 (0.23%) DNN
19 6 (0.20%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 102 (3.35%) Chatbot
2 27 (0.89%) GNU Octave
3 21 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
4 19 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
6 17 (0.56%) Photoshop
7 14 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
7 14 (0.46%) SPSS
8 12 (0.39%) Stata
9 9 (0.30%) MS Visio
10 7 (0.23%) HipChat
11 5 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.13%) Mathematica
13 3 (0.099%) InVision
14 1 (0.033%) Adobe After Effects
14 1 (0.033%) InDesign
14 1 (0.033%) Maya
14 1 (0.033%) UXPin
14 1 (0.033%) Weka
Business Applications
1 20 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
2 15 (0.49%) Ripple
3 14 (0.46%) Distributed Ledger
4 9 (0.30%) R3 Corda
5 8 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
5 8 (0.26%) Oracle Payroll
6 6 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.066%) JDE OneWorld
7 2 (0.066%) Magento
7 2 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.066%) Ripple XRP
7 2 (0.066%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.033%) BASE24
8 1 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.033%) Oracle Payables
8 1 (0.033%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.033%) SAP FI-AP
8 1 (0.033%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 613 (20.14%) Amazon AWS
2 341 (11.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 110 (3.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 90 (2.96%) GitHub
5 89 (2.92%) SaaS
6 52 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
7 40 (1.31%) PaaS
8 36 (1.18%) Serverless
9 27 (0.89%) Amazon EMR
10 26 (0.85%) Amazon EC2
10 26 (0.85%) Amazon Kinesis
11 24 (0.79%) Office 365
12 22 (0.72%) Amazon S3
13 19 (0.62%) IaaS
14 18 (0.59%) Azure Data Factory
15 17 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
15 17 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
16 16 (0.53%) IBM Cloud
17 15 (0.49%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
18 14 (0.46%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.17%) Internet
2 21 (0.69%) TCP/IP
3 17 (0.56%) Firewall
3 17 (0.56%) HTTP
4 14 (0.46%) Network Security
5 13 (0.43%) 5G
5 13 (0.43%) Skype
6 12 (0.39%) Ethernet
7 10 (0.33%) DAB
7 10 (0.33%) DNS
8 9 (0.30%) SMTP
9 8 (0.26%) LAN
9 8 (0.26%) Sourcefire
10 7 (0.23%) Bluetooth
10 7 (0.23%) SAN
10 7 (0.23%) SSL
10 7 (0.23%) WAN
11 6 (0.20%) Intranet
11 6 (0.20%) VPN
12 5 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 632 (20.76%) Big Data
2 317 (10.41%) NoSQL
3 285 (9.36%) Hadoop
4 191 (6.27%) Blockchain
5 181 (5.95%) MongoDB
6 150 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
7 129 (4.24%) MySQL
8 128 (4.20%) Relational Database
9 122 (4.01%) SQL Server
10 94 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
11 89 (2.92%) Apache Hive
12 77 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
13 68 (2.23%) Power BI
14 67 (2.20%) Data Mining
15 49 (1.61%) Amazon Redshift
16 43 (1.41%) Neo4j
17 40 (1.31%) Data Lake
18 36 (1.18%) Impala
18 36 (1.18%) QlikView
19 34 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 278 (9.13%) Git (software)
2 141 (4.63%) Jenkins
3 110 (3.61%) JIRA
4 72 (2.37%) Selenium
5 65 (2.14%) Maven
6 51 (1.68%) Subversion
7 43 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 42 (1.38%) TeamCity
9 41 (1.35%) Gradle
10 37 (1.22%) Cucumber
11 35 (1.15%) JUnit
12 33 (1.08%) MSBuild
13 31 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
14 26 (0.85%) Hudson
15 24 (0.79%) gulp
15 24 (0.79%) NUnit
16 19 (0.62%) Grunt
16 19 (0.62%) Visual Studio
17 18 (0.59%) Vagrant
18 17 (0.56%) webpack
General
1 534 (17.54%) Finance
2 195 (6.41%) Retail
3 178 (5.85%) Banking
4 139 (4.57%) Marketing
5 92 (3.02%) Electronics
6 82 (2.69%) Games
7 61 (2.00%) Advertising
8 59 (1.94%) Legal
9 56 (1.84%) Telecoms
10 48 (1.58%) Manufacturing
11 31 (1.02%) Publishing
12 30 (0.99%) Front Office
13 29 (0.95%) Law
14 27 (0.89%) Investment Banking
15 23 (0.76%) Automotive
15 23 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
16 21 (0.69%) Financial Institution
17 18 (0.59%) Back Office
18 15 (0.49%) Retail Banking
19 13 (0.43%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 997 (32.75%) Developer
2 277 (9.10%) Data Scientist
3 276 (9.07%) Software Engineer
4 231 (7.59%) Java Developer
5 197 (6.47%) Architect
6 175 (5.75%) Software Developer
7 146 (4.80%) Graduate
8 130 (4.27%) JavaScript Developer
9 121 (3.98%) Consultant
9 121 (3.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 119 (3.91%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 113 (3.71%) Python Engineer
12 103 (3.38%) DevOps Engineer
13 102 (3.35%) Python Developer
14 99 (3.25%) .NET Developer
15 92 (3.02%) C# Developer
16 91 (2.99%) Solutions Architect
17 90 (2.96%) Data Engineer
17 90 (2.96%) Junior
18 86 (2.83%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 425 (13.96%) HTML
2 401 (13.17%) CSS
3 359 (11.79%) AngularJS
4 342 (11.24%) Natural Language Processing
5 337 (11.07%) React
6 312 (10.25%) .NET
7 232 (7.62%) Node.js
8 226 (7.42%) Web Services
9 202 (6.64%) TensorFlow
10 189 (6.21%) RESTful
11 156 (5.12%) HTML5
12 142 (4.66%) CSS3
13 122 (4.01%) jQuery
14 116 (3.81%) REST
15 111 (3.65%) XML
16 108 (3.55%) ASP.NET
16 108 (3.55%) Pandas
17 92 (3.02%) NumPy
18 91 (2.99%) Kafka
19 86 (2.83%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 527 (17.31%) Algorithms
2 495 (16.26%) Computer Science
3 252 (8.28%) Robotics
4 231 (7.59%) Greenfield Project
5 229 (7.52%) User Experience
6 227 (7.46%) Fintech
7 215 (7.06%) Analytical Skills
8 100 (3.29%) Data Structures
9 86 (2.83%) Mobile App
10 72 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
11 57 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
12 47 (1.54%) Management Information System
13 38 (1.25%) Internet of Things
14 37 (1.22%) Hedge funds
15 35 (1.15%) Virtual Team
16 33 (1.08%) Social Media
17 32 (1.05%) Smart City
18 29 (0.95%) NHS
19 27 (0.89%) Augmented Reality
20 22 (0.72%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 454 (14.91%) Linux
2 84 (2.76%) Windows
3 67 (2.20%) Apple iOS
4 59 (1.94%) Unix
5 53 (1.74%) Android
6 31 (1.02%) Ubuntu
7 25 (0.82%) CentOS
8 19 (0.62%) Robot Operating System
9 16 (0.53%) Debian
9 16 (0.53%) Fedora
10 13 (0.43%) SUSE
11 10 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 8 (0.26%) Windows Server
13 7 (0.23%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
15 5 (0.16%) VyOS
16 4 (0.13%) Solaris
16 4 (0.13%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.099%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,791 (58.84%) Machine Learning
2 1,093 (35.91%) Agile Software Development
3 688 (22.60%) Data Science
4 635 (20.86%) Analytics
5 631 (20.73%) Software Engineering
6 469 (15.41%) Mathematics
7 410 (13.47%) TDD
8 375 (12.32%) Deep Learning
9 372 (12.22%) DevOps
10 312 (10.25%) Scrum
11 270 (8.87%) Microservices
12 227 (7.46%) Data Analytics
13 223 (7.33%) Neural Network
14 219 (7.19%) Business Intelligence
15 216 (7.10%) Physics
16 195 (6.41%) Problem-Solving
17 187 (6.14%) Computer Vision
18 182 (5.98%) Statistics
19 176 (5.78%) Continuous Integration
20 172 (5.65%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,239 (40.70%) Python
2 940 (30.88%) Java
3 684 (22.47%) JavaScript
4 600 (19.71%) C++
5 536 (17.61%) SQL
6 455 (14.95%) C#
7 293 (9.63%) R
8 241 (7.92%) Scala
9 239 (7.85%) C
10 168 (5.52%) Ruby
11 166 (5.45%) MATLAB
12 154 (5.06%) PHP
13 84 (2.76%) Java 8
14 74 (2.43%) Shell Script
15 64 (2.10%) Perl
16 57 (1.87%) Go
17 48 (1.58%) PowerShell
18 39 (1.28%) ES6
19 36 (1.18%) T-SQL
20 34 (1.12%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 467 (15.34%) PhD
2 464 (15.24%) Degree
3 147 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
4 45 (1.48%) Master's Degree
5 43 (1.41%) CISSP
5 43 (1.41%) Security Cleared
6 34 (1.12%) CISM
7 33 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
8 31 (1.02%) CSSLP
8 31 (1.02%) SANS
9 14 (0.46%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.43%) SC Cleared
11 11 (0.36%) MAPM
11 11 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.30%) MBA
12 9 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
13 8 (0.26%) CEH
13 8 (0.26%) GCIH
13 8 (0.26%) OSCP
13 8 (0.26%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (4.43%) QA
2 55 (1.81%) GCP
3 32 (1.05%) HIPAA
4 23 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.53%) GDPR
6 13 (0.43%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.36%) PMO
8 8 (0.26%) GPG13
9 6 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.20%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.099%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.099%) EMIR
10 3 (0.099%) IEC 61508
10 3 (0.099%) ISO 26262
10 3 (0.099%) MISRA
10 3 (0.099%) MISRA C
10 3 (0.099%) SLA
11 2 (0.066%) FATCA
11 2 (0.066%) MiFID
12 1 (0.033%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 330 (10.84%) Docker
2 23 (0.76%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (0.62%) HDFS
4 18 (0.59%) Apache Flume
5 14 (0.46%) Active Directory
6 13 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.33%) VirtualBox
8 9 (0.30%) Xen
9 8 (0.26%) KVM
9 8 (0.26%) Snort
10 7 (0.23%) VMware Workstation
11 6 (0.20%) Firmware
12 4 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.13%) Hyper-V
13 3 (0.099%) pfSense
13 3 (0.099%) QEMU
13 3 (0.099%) vSphere
14 2 (0.066%) Samba
14 2 (0.066%) XenApp
14 2 (0.066%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 122 (4.01%) Kubernetes
2 110 (3.61%) Ansible
3 108 (3.55%) Puppet
4 74 (2.43%) Terraform
5 55 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
7 20 (0.66%) Mesos
8 11 (0.36%) Marathon
9 10 (0.33%) Oozie
10 8 (0.26%) Grafana
10 8 (0.26%) Prometheus
10 8 (0.26%) QRadar
10 8 (0.26%) Salt
10 8 (0.26%) Suricata
11 7 (0.23%) FortiGate
12 6 (0.20%) EMC NetWorker
12 6 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.20%) Kibana
12 6 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.16%) Nagios
Vendors
1 240 (7.88%) Microsoft
2 155 (5.09%) Google
3 101 (3.32%) Oracle
4 80 (2.63%) IBM
5 79 (2.60%) SAP
6 67 (2.20%) Tableau
7 41 (1.35%) VMware
8 36 (1.18%) Blue Prism
9 33 (1.08%) Cloudera
10 31 (1.02%) Atlassian
10 31 (1.02%) Veracode
11 28 (0.92%) Capita
11 28 (0.92%) Cisco
12 24 (0.79%) Red Hat
13 23 (0.76%) Hortonworks
14 22 (0.72%) Xamarin
15 21 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
16 18 (0.59%) Informatica
17 17 (0.56%) Apple
17 17 (0.56%) Facebook