Period
to 28 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 111 144 253
Rank change year-on-year +33 +109 +311
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 3,582 3,683 2,416
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.85% 2.44% 1.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.10% 2.65% 1.52%
Number of salaries quoted 2,982 2,933 2,091
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £125,000 £101,250 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +16.67%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 115,522 139,236 158,652
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.95% 92.18% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 91,482 109,804 128,264
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,500 £29,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +5.88%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 3,399 £65,000 - 601
London +20 1,995 £80,000 +10.34% 309
UK excluding London +36 1,534 £50,000 -4.76% 325
South East +32 513 £50,000 -9.09% 102
North of England +138 316 £47,500 -3.55% 48
South West +21 253 £50,000 -9.09% 36
North West +102 171 £49,500 -1.00% 27
Midlands +36 161 £50,000 +25.00% 36
East of England -40 153 £50,000 -16.67% 71
Yorkshire +81 124 £50,000 +11.11% 13
Scotland +37 114 £48,750 -2.50% 26
West Midlands +16 89 £55,000 +40.61% 16
East Midlands +32 72 £45,000 +12.50% 20
Wales +3 27 £39,000 -29.09% 5
North East +27 21 £39,087 -34.86% 8
Northern Ireland -19 6 £107,500 +152.94% 2

For the 6 months to 28 January 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,770 (49.41%) Machine Learning
2 1,465 (40.90%) Agile Software Development
3 1,290 (36.01%) Python
4 1,088 (30.37%) AWS
5 974 (27.19%) Java
6 934 (26.07%) Analytics
7 913 (25.49%) Software Engineering
8 844 (23.56%) JavaScript
9 823 (22.98%) Finance
10 783 (21.86%) Azure
11 710 (19.82%) C#
12 708 (19.77%) Data Science
13 685 (19.12%) SQL
14 662 (18.48%) Big Data
15 613 (17.11%) Degree
16 590 (16.47%) DevOps
17 504 (14.07%) C++
18 494 (13.79%) Docker
19 464 (12.95%) Mentoring
20 463 (12.93%) Computer Science
21 424 (11.84%) Web Services
22 417 (11.64%) GCP
23 403 (11.25%) Microservices
24 394 (11.00%) React
25 390 (10.89%) Data Analytics
26 386 (10.78%) .NET
27 380 (10.61%) Banking
28 347 (9.69%) AngularJS
29 345 (9.63%) HTML
30 343 (9.58%) Kubernetes

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (7.17%) Apache Spark
2 98 (2.74%) Smallworld
3 60 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
4 43 (1.20%) Apache
5 33 (0.92%) WebSphere
6 32 (0.89%) Confluence
7 29 (0.81%) SAS
8 25 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
9 23 (0.64%) IIS
10 22 (0.61%) CMS
11 20 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
12 17 (0.47%) Tornado
13 15 (0.42%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.39%) Jupyter
15 12 (0.34%) Apache Pig
16 9 (0.25%) Drupal
17 8 (0.22%) WordPress
18 7 (0.20%) OpenStack
19 6 (0.17%) EPiServer
20 5 (0.14%) Umbraco
Applications
1 78 (2.18%) Chatbot
2 45 (1.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (1.06%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.36%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
6 10 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.28%) Sketch
7 8 (0.22%) InVision
7 8 (0.22%) SPSS
8 7 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 7 (0.20%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.14%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.11%) Stata
11 3 (0.084%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.084%) InDesign
12 2 (0.056%) Acrobat
12 2 (0.056%) Adobe After Effects
12 2 (0.056%) Pipeline Pilot
12 2 (0.056%) Simulink
12 2 (0.056%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 105 (2.93%) FINCAD Analytics
2 16 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
4 5 (0.14%) FastStats
4 5 (0.14%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.084%) SAP PP
5 3 (0.084%) SAP SCM
5 3 (0.084%) SAP WM
5 3 (0.084%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.056%) Dynamics GP
6 2 (0.056%) Quorum
6 2 (0.056%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.056%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.056%) SimCorp Dimension
6 2 (0.056%) Tesseract
7 1 (0.028%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.028%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.028%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,088 (30.37%) AWS
2 783 (21.86%) Azure
3 417 (11.64%) GCP
4 135 (3.77%) SaaS
5 111 (3.10%) Serverless
6 103 (2.88%) Cloud Computing
7 101 (2.82%) Power Platform
8 90 (2.51%) PaaS
9 68 (1.90%) Office 365
10 61 (1.70%) Azure Machine Learning
11 59 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
12 57 (1.59%) Amazon SQS
13 48 (1.34%) GitHub
14 47 (1.31%) Amazon SageMaker
15 46 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
16 42 (1.17%) G Suite
17 39 (1.09%) IaaS
18 38 (1.06%) Amazon S3
18 38 (1.06%) IBM Cloud
19 32 (0.89%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 113 (3.15%) Internet
2 59 (1.65%) Firewall
3 49 (1.37%) WAN
4 47 (1.31%) MPLS
5 31 (0.87%) Unified Communications
6 30 (0.84%) Wireless
7 24 (0.67%) DNS
8 21 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
9 19 (0.53%) Software-Defined Networking
10 16 (0.45%) TCP/IP
11 15 (0.42%) LAN
12 13 (0.36%) DHCP
13 12 (0.34%) Network Security
13 12 (0.34%) VLAN
13 12 (0.34%) Wireshark
14 11 (0.31%) RFID
14 11 (0.31%) Skype
14 11 (0.31%) SNA
15 8 (0.22%) HTTP
16 7 (0.20%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 662 (18.48%) Big Data
2 261 (7.29%) NoSQL
3 245 (6.84%) Hadoop
4 213 (5.95%) SQL Server
5 199 (5.56%) PostgreSQL
6 157 (4.38%) MongoDB
7 153 (4.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 136 (3.80%) Amazon Athena
9 134 (3.74%) MySQL
10 118 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
11 112 (3.13%) Relational Database
12 101 (2.82%) Blockchain
13 100 (2.79%) Power BI
13 100 (2.79%) Redis
14 82 (2.29%) Amazon Redshift
15 80 (2.23%) Data Mining
16 67 (1.87%) Neo4j
17 65 (1.81%) Cosmos DB
17 65 (1.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 59 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 240 (6.70%) Git (software)
2 179 (5.00%) Jenkins
3 96 (2.68%) JIRA
4 89 (2.48%) Selenium
5 65 (1.81%) TeamCity
6 52 (1.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 48 (1.34%) Vagrant
8 43 (1.20%) WebDriver
9 40 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
10 35 (0.98%) MSBuild
11 31 (0.87%) CircleCI
12 26 (0.73%) Cucumber
13 25 (0.70%) Visual Studio
14 24 (0.67%) Bitbucket
15 22 (0.61%) Appium
16 21 (0.59%) Cypress.io
16 21 (0.59%) Subversion
16 21 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
17 18 (0.50%) GitLab
17 18 (0.50%) Maven
General
1 823 (22.98%) Finance
2 380 (10.61%) Banking
3 318 (8.88%) Front Office
4 172 (4.80%) Marketing
5 164 (4.58%) Retail
6 84 (2.35%) Public Sector
7 74 (2.07%) Manufacturing
8 70 (1.95%) Games
9 67 (1.87%) Legal
10 55 (1.54%) Law
10 55 (1.54%) Telecoms
11 53 (1.48%) Back Office
12 44 (1.23%) Automotive
13 41 (1.14%) Advertising
14 37 (1.03%) Investment Banking
15 36 (1.01%) Billing
16 29 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
17 28 (0.78%) Aerospace
18 25 (0.70%) Military
19 21 (0.59%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 930 (25.96%) Developer
2 370 (10.33%) Software Engineer
3 297 (8.29%) Architect
4 225 (6.28%) Java Developer
5 212 (5.92%) Data Scientist
6 200 (5.58%) Consultant
7 180 (5.03%) Analyst
8 151 (4.22%) Senior Developer
9 135 (3.77%) .NET Developer
10 125 (3.49%) Software Developer
11 123 (3.43%) DevOps Engineer
12 116 (3.24%) Data Engineer
13 107 (2.99%) Python Engineer
14 104 (2.90%) Python Developer
15 103 (2.88%) Solutions Architect
16 98 (2.74%) Fibre Planner
16 98 (2.74%) Java Engineer
17 92 (2.57%) Data Architect
18 90 (2.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 86 (2.40%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 424 (11.84%) Web Services
2 394 (11.00%) React
3 386 (10.78%) .NET
4 347 (9.69%) AngularJS
5 345 (9.63%) HTML
6 321 (8.96%) CSS
7 318 (8.88%) Node.js
8 264 (7.37%) Natural Language Processing
9 239 (6.67%) J2EE
10 204 (5.70%) TensorFlow
11 187 (5.22%) ASP.NET
12 153 (4.27%) .NET Core
13 123 (3.43%) HTML5
14 109 (3.04%) RESTful
15 100 (2.79%) REST
16 88 (2.46%) Kafka
17 83 (2.32%) scikit-learn
18 81 (2.26%) Redux
19 78 (2.18%) Spring
20 71 (1.98%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 305 (8.51%) Analytical Skills
2 253 (7.06%) Algorithms
3 227 (6.34%) Hedge funds
4 219 (6.11%) Fixed Income
5 215 (6.00%) Derivative
6 191 (5.33%) Greenfield Project
7 188 (5.25%) User Experience
8 162 (4.52%) Robotics
9 155 (4.33%) Equities
10 117 (3.27%) Blog
11 111 (3.10%) Driving Licence
12 81 (2.26%) Management Information System
13 73 (2.04%) Public Cloud
14 71 (1.98%) Cloud Native
14 71 (1.98%) Internet of Things
15 68 (1.90%) Equity Derivative
16 66 (1.84%) Mobile App
17 62 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 58 (1.62%) Exotic Derivative
19 55 (1.54%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 265 (7.40%) Linux
2 143 (3.99%) Windows
3 100 (2.79%) Unix
4 66 (1.84%) Android
5 43 (1.20%) Apple iOS
6 14 (0.39%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.25%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
9 7 (0.20%) CentOS
9 7 (0.20%) Debian
9 7 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
9 7 (0.20%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 6 (0.17%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.11%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.056%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.056%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.056%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.056%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.028%) RancherOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,770 (49.41%) Machine Learning
2 1,465 (40.90%) Agile Software Development
3 934 (26.07%) Analytics
4 913 (25.49%) Software Engineering
5 708 (19.77%) Data Science
6 590 (16.47%) DevOps
7 464 (12.95%) Mentoring
8 463 (12.93%) Computer Science
9 403 (11.25%) Microservices
10 390 (10.89%) Data Analytics
11 330 (9.21%) Problem-Solving
12 313 (8.74%) Scrum
13 309 (8.63%) Asset Management
14 302 (8.43%) Deep Learning
15 293 (8.18%) Mathematics
16 276 (7.71%) Open Source
17 246 (6.87%) TDD
18 226 (6.31%) Project Management
18 226 (6.31%) Test Automation
19 225 (6.28%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,290 (36.01%) Python
2 974 (27.19%) Java
3 844 (23.56%) JavaScript
4 710 (19.82%) C#
5 685 (19.12%) SQL
6 504 (14.07%) C++
7 254 (7.09%) R
8 204 (5.70%) C
9 190 (5.30%) Scala
10 176 (4.91%) Kotlin
11 147 (4.10%) TypeScript
12 116 (3.24%) Go
13 112 (3.13%) PHP
14 75 (2.09%) Ruby
15 73 (2.04%) Bash Shell
16 61 (1.70%) F#
16 61 (1.70%) MATLAB
17 59 (1.65%) Java 8
18 58 (1.62%) PowerShell
19 50 (1.40%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 613 (17.11%) Degree
2 180 (5.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 162 (4.52%) PhD
4 152 (4.24%) Security Cleared
5 65 (1.81%) DV Cleared
6 62 (1.73%) SC Cleared
7 57 (1.59%) Master's Degree
8 37 (1.03%) Numerate Degree
9 19 (0.53%) AWS Certification
10 18 (0.50%) MBA
11 17 (0.47%) PMI Certification
12 16 (0.45%) Postgraduate
13 14 (0.39%) CISSP
14 11 (0.31%) DBS Check
14 11 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 9 (0.25%) ISEB
17 8 (0.22%) CISM
18 7 (0.20%) ISTQB
19 6 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (5.67%) Data Quality
2 184 (5.14%) QA
3 16 (0.45%) GDPR
4 14 (0.39%) SLA
5 13 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.34%) PMO
7 11 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.20%) WCAG
9 5 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.084%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.084%) NIST
11 2 (0.056%) COBIT
12 1 (0.028%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.028%) DICOM
12 1 (0.028%) GxP
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 494 (13.79%) Docker
2 47 (1.31%) VirtualBox
3 23 (0.64%) IAG
4 22 (0.61%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.39%) Firmware
6 9 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.11%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.11%) vSphere
8 4 (0.11%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.084%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.056%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.056%) vCloud
10 2 (0.056%) XenApp
11 1 (0.028%) Btrfs
11 1 (0.028%) Corosync
11 1 (0.028%) DRBD
11 1 (0.028%) KVM
11 1 (0.028%) NFS
Systems Management
1 343 (9.58%) Kubernetes
2 211 (5.89%) Terraform
3 167 (4.66%) Ansible
4 64 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
5 29 (0.81%) Puppet
6 23 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.39%) Istio
8 13 (0.36%) linkerd
9 12 (0.34%) Kibana
10 6 (0.17%) Grafana
11 5 (0.14%) Packer
12 4 (0.11%) Kubeflow
12 4 (0.11%) Marathon
12 4 (0.11%) Mesos
12 4 (0.11%) Oozie
12 4 (0.11%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.11%) Salt
13 3 (0.084%) Rancher
13 3 (0.084%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.056%) logstash
Vendors
1 319 (8.91%) Google
2 301 (8.40%) Microsoft
3 152 (4.24%) Bloomberg
4 95 (2.65%) Oracle
5 80 (2.23%) Cloudera
6 73 (2.04%) Tableau
7 70 (1.95%) Hortonworks
8 67 (1.87%) IBM
9 65 (1.81%) Informatica
10 39 (1.09%) Databricks
11 37 (1.03%) Talend
12 34 (0.95%) Cisco
13 30 (0.84%) SAP
14 25 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
15 21 (0.59%) Dataiku
15 21 (0.59%) Meraki
16 20 (0.56%) Adobe
16 20 (0.56%) Red Hat
17 19 (0.53%) Ruckus Wireless
18 17 (0.47%) VMware