Period
to 19 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 537 720 1143
Rank change year-on-year +183 +423 -161
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 860 600 153
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.30% 0.070%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.54% 0.34% 0.080%
Number of salaries quoted 742 579 154
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +15.00% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £27,900 £28,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +29.41% +6.25% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 159042 175633 191561
As % of all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 89.89% 89.06% 88.13%
Number of salaries quoted 126409 146488 156350
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,723 £27,625 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,500

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +182 830 £62,500 +8.70% 87
London +23 427 £67,500 +12.50% 55
UK excluding London +293 424 £55,000 +29.41% 37
East of England +158 181 £62,500 +42.86% 12
South East +110 98 £60,000 +50.00% 9
North of England +58 76 £50,000 +42.86% 9
North West +29 58 £55,000 +57.14% 6
South West +16 35 £40,000 -30.43% 1
Scotland +26 17 £28,000 - 5
Midlands -19 16 £60,000 +140.00% 1
West Midlands -22 15 £65,000 +147.62% 1
Yorkshire +35 13 £47,500 +18.01% 2
Wales +19 7 £43,750 +75.00%
North East - 5 £40,000 - 1
East Midlands +7 1 £40,000 +77.78%

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 587 (68.26%) Machine Learning
2 465 (54.07%) Python
3 367 (42.67%) Java
4 247 (28.72%) Algorithms
5 242 (28.14%) PhD
6 239 (27.79%) C++
7 221 (25.70%) Software Engineering
8 218 (25.35%) Agile Software Development
9 189 (21.98%) Big Data
10 183 (21.28%) Mathematics
11 178 (20.70%) Computer Science
12 170 (19.77%) Analytics
13 169 (19.65%) C#
14 154 (17.91%) Degree
15 139 (16.16%) JavaScript
15 139 (16.16%) Finance
15 139 (16.16%) R
16 136 (15.81%) Natural Language Processing
17 125 (14.53%) Deep Learning
18 120 (13.95%) SQL
19 106 (12.33%) Amazon AWS
20 102 (11.86%) C
21 100 (11.63%) Physics
22 97 (11.28%) Hadoop
22 97 (11.28%) TDD
22 97 (11.28%) Linux
23 93 (10.81%) Apache Spark
24 92 (10.70%) Statistics
25 89 (10.35%) Data Analytics
26 87 (10.12%) .NET

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (10.81%) Apache Spark
2 22 (2.56%) Apache
3 20 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
4 14 (1.63%) SAS
5 12 (1.40%) Apache Pig
5 12 (1.40%) Apache Solr
6 10 (1.16%) Tornado
7 7 (0.81%) Umbraco
8 5 (0.58%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.47%) FileNet
9 4 (0.47%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.35%) DNN
10 3 (0.35%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.23%) nginx
11 2 (0.23%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.12%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 1 (0.12%) CMS
12 1 (0.12%) IIS
12 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
12 1 (0.12%) SharePoint
Applications
1 19 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.93%) Chatbot
4 4 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.47%) SPSS
5 2 (0.23%) GNU Octave
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.12%) S-PLUS
6 1 (0.12%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (0.23%) FastStats
2 1 (0.12%) Actimize
2 1 (0.12%) Magento
2 1 (0.12%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 106 (12.33%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (6.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (3.02%) Google Cloud Platform
4 24 (2.79%) SaaS
5 20 (2.33%) GitHub
6 14 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (0.93%) Amazon EMR
8 8 (0.93%) Amazon Kinesis
9 6 (0.70%) IBM Blueworks
10 4 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 4 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (0.47%) CloudFront
10 4 (0.47%) Office 365
10 4 (0.47%) Route 53
10 4 (0.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (0.35%) OpenShift
12 2 (0.23%) Amazon ELB
12 2 (0.23%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.23%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.09%) TCP/IP
2 13 (1.51%) Internet
3 12 (1.40%) Network Security
4 8 (0.93%) Skype
4 8 (0.93%) SMS
5 6 (0.70%) HTTP
6 5 (0.58%) DNS
6 5 (0.58%) Wireless
7 4 (0.47%) DHCP
8 3 (0.35%) SAN
9 2 (0.23%) Firewall
9 2 (0.23%) iBeacon
9 2 (0.23%) NFC
9 2 (0.23%) VPN
9 2 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
10 1 (0.12%) Fibre Channel
10 1 (0.12%) LAN
10 1 (0.12%) MQTT
10 1 (0.12%) NAS
10 1 (0.12%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (21.98%) Big Data
2 97 (11.28%) Hadoop
3 65 (7.56%) NoSQL
4 39 (4.53%) SQL Server
5 38 (4.42%) MySQL
6 37 (4.30%) MongoDB
7 32 (3.72%) Apache Hive
8 31 (3.60%) Data Mining
9 26 (3.02%) Relational Database
10 19 (2.21%) PostgreSQL
11 18 (2.09%) Text Mining
12 16 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
12 16 (1.86%) Neo4j
13 14 (1.63%) Blockchain
13 14 (1.63%) Data Warehouse
14 12 (1.40%) Redis
15 11 (1.28%) RDBMS
16 10 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (1.16%) Impala
17 9 (1.05%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 67 (7.79%) Git (software)
2 30 (3.49%) Selenium
3 28 (3.26%) Cucumber
4 19 (2.21%) Jenkins
5 16 (1.86%) JIRA
6 11 (1.28%) Maven
7 10 (1.16%) JUnit
8 8 (0.93%) Ant
8 8 (0.93%) TeamCity
8 8 (0.93%) WebDriver
9 7 (0.81%) Octopus Deploy
9 7 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
10 6 (0.70%) Bitbucket
10 6 (0.70%) Dreamweaver
10 6 (0.70%) GitLab
10 6 (0.70%) Mocha
11 4 (0.47%) SpecFlow
11 4 (0.47%) Subversion
11 4 (0.47%) TestNG
11 4 (0.47%) Visual Studio
General
1 139 (16.16%) Finance
2 48 (5.58%) Marketing
3 40 (4.65%) Banking
4 36 (4.19%) Games
5 18 (2.09%) Retail
6 15 (1.74%) Financial Institution
7 12 (1.40%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.28%) Military
9 9 (1.05%) Electronics
10 7 (0.81%) Advertising
10 7 (0.81%) Automotive
11 6 (0.70%) Back Office
11 6 (0.70%) Law
11 6 (0.70%) Publishing
12 5 (0.58%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.47%) Cantonese Language
13 4 (0.47%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.35%) Legal
14 3 (0.35%) Local Government
14 3 (0.35%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 300 (34.88%) Developer
2 109 (12.67%) Software Engineer
3 103 (11.98%) Data Scientist
4 88 (10.23%) Software Developer
5 61 (7.09%) Java Developer
5 61 (7.09%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 55 (6.40%) Python Developer
7 40 (4.65%) Machine Learning Developer
8 39 (4.53%) Java Engineer
9 36 (4.19%) Full Stack Developer
10 34 (3.95%) C++ Software Engineer
10 34 (3.95%) DevOps Engineer
11 33 (3.84%) JavaScript Developer
12 29 (3.37%) C++ Developer
12 29 (3.37%) Senior Developer
13 28 (3.26%) Artificial Intelligence Developer
14 26 (3.02%) C# Developer
14 26 (3.02%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 26 (3.02%) Machine Learning Scientist
15 25 (2.91%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (15.81%) Natural Language Processing
2 87 (10.12%) .NET
3 79 (9.19%) AngularJS
4 72 (8.37%) HTML
5 64 (7.44%) CSS
6 58 (6.74%) Node.js
7 46 (5.35%) ASP.NET
8 45 (5.23%) TensorFlow
9 37 (4.30%) React
10 35 (4.07%) RESTful
11 33 (3.84%) REST
12 27 (3.14%) jQuery
13 23 (2.67%) Web Services
14 21 (2.44%) .NET Framework
14 21 (2.44%) Theano
15 20 (2.33%) D3.js
15 20 (2.33%) Django
16 19 (2.21%) ASP.NET Web API
16 19 (2.21%) CSS3
17 18 (2.09%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 247 (28.72%) Algorithms
2 178 (20.70%) Computer Science
3 70 (8.14%) Robotics
4 67 (7.79%) Greenfield Project
5 62 (7.21%) Analytical Skills
6 43 (5.00%) Smart City
7 41 (4.77%) Fintech
8 28 (3.26%) User Experience
9 25 (2.91%) Smart Home
10 21 (2.44%) Social Media
11 16 (1.86%) Management Information System
12 15 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (1.51%) Cyber Defence
14 11 (1.28%) Internet of Things
14 11 (1.28%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.16%) Data Structures
15 10 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 10 (1.16%) HoloLens
15 10 (1.16%) HTC Vive
15 10 (1.16%) Oculus Rift
Operating Systems
1 97 (11.28%) Linux
2 48 (5.58%) Windows
3 18 (2.09%) Unix
4 11 (1.28%) CentOS
5 10 (1.16%) Android
6 9 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.93%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.70%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.70%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.47%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.35%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.35%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.23%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.12%) Debian
13 1 (0.12%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 587 (68.26%) Machine Learning
2 221 (25.70%) Software Engineering
3 218 (25.35%) Agile Software Development
4 183 (21.28%) Mathematics
5 170 (19.77%) Analytics
6 125 (14.53%) Deep Learning
7 100 (11.63%) Physics
8 97 (11.28%) TDD
9 92 (10.70%) Statistics
10 89 (10.35%) Data Analytics
11 81 (9.42%) DevOps
12 73 (8.49%) Microservices
13 70 (8.14%) Neural Network
14 67 (7.79%) Computer Vision
15 66 (7.67%) Multithreading
16 60 (6.98%) Reinforcement Learning
17 59 (6.86%) Continuous Integration
18 58 (6.74%) Data Analysis
19 56 (6.51%) Scrum
20 53 (6.16%) Distributed Algorithms
Programming Languages
1 465 (54.07%) Python
2 367 (42.67%) Java
3 239 (27.79%) C++
4 169 (19.65%) C#
5 139 (16.16%) JavaScript
5 139 (16.16%) R
6 120 (13.95%) SQL
7 102 (11.86%) C
8 82 (9.53%) MATLAB
9 73 (8.49%) Scala
10 61 (7.09%) Ruby
11 39 (4.53%) Julia
12 27 (3.14%) Perl
13 22 (2.56%) Elixir
14 20 (2.33%) PHP
15 19 (2.21%) Bash Shell
16 8 (0.93%) F#
16 8 (0.93%) Haskell
17 5 (0.58%) ES6
17 5 (0.58%) Go
Qualifications
1 242 (28.14%) PhD
2 154 (17.91%) Degree
3 38 (4.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 28 (3.26%) Master's Degree
5 8 (0.93%) Security Cleared
6 7 (0.81%) CISSP
6 7 (0.81%) ISSAP
7 6 (0.70%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.47%) A+ Certification
8 4 (0.47%) MCP
8 4 (0.47%) PMI Certification
8 4 (0.47%) SC Cleared
9 3 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.35%) PMP
10 2 (0.23%) MAPM
11 1 (0.12%) CCIE
11 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.12%) JNCIE
11 1 (0.12%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.56%) QA
2 10 (1.16%) GCP
3 4 (0.47%) PMO
4 3 (0.35%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.35%) ECSS
5 2 (0.23%) SLA
6 1 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 53 (6.16%) Docker
2 9 (1.05%) Hyper-V
3 5 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.12%) Firmware
4 1 (0.12%) HDFS
4 1 (0.12%) KVM
4 1 (0.12%) NFS
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.12%) vSphere
4 1 (0.12%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 20 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
2 17 (1.98%) Kubernetes
3 15 (1.74%) Ansible
4 12 (1.40%) Puppet
5 9 (1.05%) Salt
6 8 (0.93%) Grafana
6 8 (0.93%) Munin
6 8 (0.93%) ZABBIX
7 6 (0.70%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 5 (0.58%) SCCM
8 5 (0.58%) Terraform
9 4 (0.47%) Kibana
9 4 (0.47%) WSUS
10 3 (0.35%) Mesos
10 3 (0.35%) Packer
11 1 (0.12%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.12%) Graylog
11 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Clustering
11 1 (0.12%) SCOM
Vendors
1 66 (7.67%) Microsoft
2 51 (5.93%) Google
3 22 (2.56%) IBM
4 21 (2.44%) Tableau
5 14 (1.63%) Oracle
6 12 (1.40%) Cloudera
7 10 (1.16%) VMware
8 8 (0.93%) Cisco
9 7 (0.81%) RapidMiner
10 6 (0.70%) Apple
10 6 (0.70%) Sitecore
11 5 (0.58%) Facebook
11 5 (0.58%) SAP
11 5 (0.58%) Splunk
12 4 (0.47%) Kaspersky
13 3 (0.35%) Red Hat
13 3 (0.35%) Zend
14 2 (0.23%) HP
14 2 (0.23%) NetApp
14 2 (0.23%) webMethods