Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 80 113 114
Rank change year-on-year +33 +1 +39
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 4,741 1,785 3,593
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.70% 2.82% 2.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.94% 3.03% 3.08%
Number of salaries quoted 2,094 1,422 3,019
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £66,250 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.42% -7.69% -
75th Percentile £90,000 £80,000 £90,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £125,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,750 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +11.50% - -4.76%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,414 58,914 116,525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.03% 93.10% 92.60%
Number of salaries quoted 78,049 48,002 93,468
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +6.52% +2.22%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +39 4,120 £67,500 +8.00% 571
London +28 2,503 £80,000 +14.29% 292
UK excluding London -2 1,657 £55,750 +11.50% 307
Work from Home -23 750 £65,000 +8.33% 117
South East +22 518 £60,000 +20.00% 62
North of England +41 357 £55,000 +10.00% 56
North West +23 242 £50,000 -4.76% 36
East of England -24 240 £53,750 +13.16% 64
South West +18 230 £50,000 - 41
Midlands -44 143 £60,000 - 46
West Midlands -21 117 £60,000 - 35
Scotland -66 107 £52,500 +7.31% 27
Yorkshire +5 103 £60,000 +57.89% 14
Northern Ireland +15 48 £47,500 -26.92% 3
Wales -26 40 £49,500 +23.75% 8
East Midlands -74 26 £57,500 -14.81% 11
North East -22 12 £55,000 -4.35% 6

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 2,045 (43.13%) Machine Learning
2 1,987 (41.91%) Python
3 1,709 (36.05%) Agile Software Development
4 1,578 (33.28%) Data Science
5 1,418 (29.91%) AWS
6 1,372 (28.94%) Analytics
7 1,235 (26.05%) Software Engineering
8 1,098 (23.16%) Social Skills
9 1,079 (22.76%) Degree
10 1,069 (22.55%) JavaScript
11 1,064 (22.44%) SQL
12 966 (20.38%) Azure
13 915 (19.30%) Finance
14 862 (18.18%) GCP
15 847 (17.87%) DevOps
16 845 (17.82%) Java
16 845 (17.82%) Computer Science
17 815 (17.19%) CI/CD
18 771 (16.26%) Docker
19 752 (15.86%) Kubernetes
20 741 (15.63%) Microservices
21 736 (15.52%) React
22 663 (13.98%) Problem-Solving
23 582 (12.28%) Big Data
24 545 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
25 544 (11.47%) Algorithms
26 530 (11.18%) Mathematics
27 528 (11.14%) Full Stack Development
28 517 (10.90%) Mentoring
29 510 (10.76%) Test Automation

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (7.02%) Apache Spark
2 197 (4.16%) Elasticsearch
3 114 (2.40%) Apache
4 103 (2.17%) Apache Airflow
5 94 (1.98%) Confluence
6 87 (1.84%) IBM Domino
7 69 (1.46%) SharePoint
8 50 (1.05%) Appian
9 48 (1.01%) CMS
10 43 (0.91%) WordPress
11 39 (0.82%) nginx
11 39 (0.82%) SAS
12 22 (0.46%) Apache Solr
13 20 (0.42%) Apache Pig
14 18 (0.38%) OpenStack
15 17 (0.36%) Oracle 9iAS
15 17 (0.36%) Oracle Application Server
16 16 (0.34%) Drupal
17 15 (0.32%) Headless CMS
18 11 (0.23%) Tornado
Applications
1 106 (2.24%) Chatbot
2 88 (1.86%) Spreadsheet
3 68 (1.43%) Microsoft Excel
4 24 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
5 23 (0.49%) Photoshop
6 22 (0.46%) Adobe XD
6 22 (0.46%) Campfire
7 17 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 14 (0.30%) Simulink
8 14 (0.30%) Stateflow
9 12 (0.25%) Sketch
10 8 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
11 7 (0.15%) MS Visio
12 3 (0.063%) InVision
13 2 (0.042%) Blender
13 2 (0.042%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.042%) OmniGraffle
14 1 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
14 1 (0.021%) Maya
14 1 (0.021%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 35 (0.74%) Magento
2 17 (0.36%) Oracle 11i
2 17 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
2 17 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (0.19%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 7 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 6 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.13%) Oracle BRM
6 5 (0.11%) SAP BPC
7 4 (0.084%) Maximo
8 3 (0.063%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.063%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.042%) Actimize
9 2 (0.042%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.042%) IBM Planning Analytics
9 2 (0.042%) SAP MDG
9 2 (0.042%) Tesseract
10 1 (0.021%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 1,418 (29.91%) AWS
2 966 (20.38%) Azure
3 862 (18.18%) GCP
4 490 (10.34%) Serverless
5 411 (8.67%) SaaS
6 307 (6.48%) Power Platform
7 231 (4.87%) AWS Lambda
8 217 (4.58%) GitHub
9 151 (3.18%) Amazon EC2
10 147 (3.10%) Cloud Computing
11 146 (3.08%) Amazon S3
12 141 (2.97%) Amazon ECS
13 115 (2.43%) PaaS
14 110 (2.32%) Azure Machine Learning
15 98 (2.07%) Microsoft 365
16 94 (1.98%) Azure Data Factory
17 92 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
18 68 (1.43%) Google Analytics
19 66 (1.39%) Amazon SQS
20 65 (1.37%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 169 (3.56%) Internet
2 113 (2.38%) Broadband
3 70 (1.48%) 5G
3 70 (1.48%) HTTP
4 36 (0.76%) Network Security
5 25 (0.53%) TCP/IP
6 24 (0.51%) SSH
7 23 (0.49%) Firewall
8 21 (0.44%) Wireless
9 20 (0.42%) SSL
10 16 (0.34%) Unified Communications
11 15 (0.32%) DNS
11 15 (0.32%) FTP
12 13 (0.27%) MQTT
12 13 (0.27%) SNA
12 13 (0.27%) VPN
13 11 (0.23%) SMTP
14 8 (0.17%) SMS
15 7 (0.15%) HTTPS
15 7 (0.15%) InfiniBand
Database & Business Intelligence
1 582 (12.28%) Big Data
2 363 (7.66%) NoSQL
3 287 (6.05%) MySQL
4 284 (5.99%) PostgreSQL
5 280 (5.91%) Data Warehouse
6 235 (4.96%) MongoDB
7 234 (4.94%) Blockchain
8 232 (4.89%) Relational Database
9 200 (4.22%) Power BI
10 192 (4.05%) SQL Server
11 157 (3.31%) Tableau
12 152 (3.21%) Hadoop
13 134 (2.83%) Amazon Athena
14 131 (2.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 130 (2.74%) Data Lake
16 127 (2.68%) Amazon Aurora
17 106 (2.24%) Apache Cassandra
18 97 (2.05%) Redis
19 86 (1.81%) BigQuery
20 77 (1.62%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 377 (7.95%) Git (software)
2 315 (6.64%) Jenkins
3 267 (5.63%) JIRA
4 75 (1.58%) CircleCI
5 65 (1.37%) Bitbucket
6 59 (1.24%) GitLab
7 55 (1.16%) TeamCity
8 53 (1.12%) Selenium
9 49 (1.03%) JUnit
10 48 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 46 (0.97%) Cypress.io
11 46 (0.97%) PHPUnit
12 37 (0.78%) Visual Studio
12 37 (0.78%) webpack
13 30 (0.63%) Cucumber
13 30 (0.63%) Maven
13 30 (0.63%) Team Foundation Server
14 28 (0.59%) git-flow
15 25 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
16 22 (0.46%) ESLint
General
1 1,098 (23.16%) Social Skills
2 915 (19.30%) Finance
3 545 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
4 368 (7.76%) Marketing
5 322 (6.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 307 (6.48%) Legal
7 292 (6.16%) Banking
8 264 (5.57%) Games
9 185 (3.90%) Retail
10 178 (3.75%) Manufacturing
11 157 (3.31%) Law
12 150 (3.16%) Pharmaceutical
13 148 (3.12%) Influencing Skills
14 141 (2.97%) Public Sector
15 124 (2.62%) Presentation Skills
16 91 (1.92%) Telecoms
17 67 (1.41%) Automotive
18 59 (1.24%) Wholesale Banking
19 45 (0.95%) Financial Institution
20 43 (0.91%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,100 (23.20%) Developer
2 633 (13.35%) Software Engineer
3 395 (8.33%) Architect
4 282 (5.95%) Data Engineer
5 262 (5.53%) Data Scientist
6 245 (5.17%) Senior Developer
7 192 (4.05%) Full Stack Developer
8 187 (3.94%) Senior Software Engineer
9 177 (3.73%) Analyst
10 155 (3.27%) Graduate
11 152 (3.21%) Consultant
12 150 (3.16%) Solutions Architect
13 147 (3.10%) Python Developer
14 142 (3.00%) AWS Engineer
15 131 (2.76%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 124 (2.62%) Backend Developer
17 123 (2.59%) Data Architect
18 119 (2.51%) Senior Data Scientist
19 113 (2.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 111 (2.34%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 736 (15.52%) React
2 484 (10.21%) HTML
3 438 (9.24%) CSS
4 399 (8.42%) Node.js
5 371 (7.83%) AngularJS
6 325 (6.86%) .NET
7 312 (6.58%) Kafka
8 269 (5.67%) REST
9 240 (5.06%) Vue.js
10 235 (4.96%) TensorFlow
11 222 (4.68%) PyTorch
12 204 (4.30%) RESTful
13 198 (4.18%) GraphQL
14 167 (3.52%) HTML5
15 141 (2.97%) scikit-learn
16 137 (2.89%) Django
17 128 (2.70%) .NET Core
18 119 (2.51%) JSON
19 118 (2.49%) Flask
20 117 (2.47%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 544 (11.47%) Algorithms
2 434 (9.15%) User Experience
3 256 (5.40%) Social Media
4 248 (5.23%) Data Structures
5 186 (3.92%) Cloud Native
6 166 (3.50%) Robotics
7 137 (2.89%) Public Cloud
8 132 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
9 121 (2.55%) Life Science
10 109 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
11 102 (2.15%) Smartphone
12 97 (2.05%) Hedge funds
13 90 (1.90%) Virtual Team
14 88 (1.86%) Mobile App
15 86 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
16 84 (1.77%) iPhone
17 83 (1.75%) Photography
18 80 (1.69%) Management Information System
19 79 (1.67%) Cyberattack
20 77 (1.62%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 360 (7.59%) Linux
2 158 (3.33%) Windows
3 114 (2.40%) Android
4 91 (1.92%) Apple iOS
5 60 (1.27%) Unix
6 47 (0.99%) CentOS
7 39 (0.82%) Ubuntu
8 26 (0.55%) Mac OS
9 24 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
9 24 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
9 24 (0.51%) Windows Server 2019
10 17 (0.36%) Solaris
11 15 (0.32%) Windows Server
12 14 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 12 (0.25%) Robot Operating System
14 9 (0.19%) Windows 10
15 8 (0.17%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.11%) DC/OS
17 4 (0.084%) Mesosphere
17 4 (0.084%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,045 (43.13%) Machine Learning
2 1,709 (36.05%) Agile Software Development
3 1,578 (33.28%) Data Science
4 1,372 (28.94%) Analytics
5 1,235 (26.05%) Software Engineering
6 847 (17.87%) DevOps
7 845 (17.82%) Computer Science
8 815 (17.19%) CI/CD
9 741 (15.63%) Microservices
10 663 (13.98%) Problem-Solving
11 530 (11.18%) Mathematics
12 528 (11.14%) Full Stack Development
13 517 (10.90%) Mentoring
14 510 (10.76%) Test Automation
15 503 (10.61%) Data Engineering
15 503 (10.61%) Scrum
16 454 (9.58%) Visualisation
17 410 (8.65%) Business Intelligence
18 409 (8.63%) Natural Language Processing
19 383 (8.08%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,987 (41.91%) Python
2 1,069 (22.55%) JavaScript
3 1,064 (22.44%) SQL
4 845 (17.82%) Java
5 475 (10.02%) TypeScript
6 424 (8.94%) C#
7 413 (8.71%) C++
8 295 (6.22%) R
9 248 (5.23%) C
10 230 (4.85%) Go
11 197 (4.16%) PHP
12 184 (3.88%) Scala
13 113 (2.38%) Bash
14 99 (2.09%) MATLAB
15 94 (1.98%) PowerShell
16 85 (1.79%) Ruby
17 83 (1.75%) ES6
18 75 (1.58%) Kotlin
19 60 (1.27%) Shell Script
20 57 (1.20%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,079 (22.76%) Degree
2 287 (6.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 263 (5.55%) PhD
4 133 (2.81%) Security Cleared
5 99 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 76 (1.60%) Microsoft Certification
7 75 (1.58%) SC Cleared
8 60 (1.27%) AWS Certification
8 60 (1.27%) TOGAF Certification
9 33 (0.70%) Six Sigma Green Belt
10 18 (0.38%) PMI Certification
11 16 (0.34%) CISSP
12 15 (0.32%) DV Cleared
13 14 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
13 14 (0.30%) ISEB
13 14 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
14 13 (0.27%) CISM
15 11 (0.23%) ISTQB
16 9 (0.19%) CISA
16 9 (0.19%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (6.20%) QA
2 125 (2.64%) Accessibility
3 106 (2.24%) Data Quality
4 97 (2.05%) GDPR
5 57 (1.20%) GxP
6 26 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 19 (0.40%) WCAG
8 17 (0.36%) ISO 9001
9 14 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
9 14 (0.30%) EMIR
9 14 (0.30%) MiFID
10 12 (0.25%) CDISC
11 10 (0.21%) NIST
12 8 (0.17%) ISO 13485
12 8 (0.17%) SOC 2
13 7 (0.15%) GMP
13 7 (0.15%) GRC
13 7 (0.15%) HIPAA
13 7 (0.15%) IEC 62304
14 6 (0.13%) DICOM
System Software
1 771 (16.26%) Docker
2 31 (0.65%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.55%) Oracle RAC
5 20 (0.42%) VirtualBox
6 17 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 15 (0.32%) HDFS
8 14 (0.30%) Firmware
9 12 (0.25%) NFS
9 12 (0.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 9 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
11 8 (0.17%) vCloud
11 8 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
12 3 (0.063%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.042%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.042%) LXC
13 2 (0.042%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.042%) VMware NSX
14 1 (0.021%) KVM
Systems Management
1 752 (15.86%) Kubernetes
2 277 (5.84%) Terraform
3 146 (3.08%) Ansible
4 52 (1.10%) Puppet
5 51 (1.08%) Prometheus
6 46 (0.97%) Kibana
7 42 (0.89%) Grafana
8 26 (0.55%) Data Guard
9 17 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
9 17 (0.36%) Kubeflow
10 15 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
11 13 (0.27%) Oozie
12 12 (0.25%) SCCM
13 11 (0.23%) Kustomize
14 10 (0.21%) Consul
15 9 (0.19%) Jamf Pro
15 9 (0.19%) Mesos
15 9 (0.19%) Rancher
16 7 (0.15%) Nessus
17 6 (0.13%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 496 (10.46%) Google
2 429 (9.05%) Microsoft
3 158 (3.33%) Twitter
4 154 (3.25%) Oracle
5 144 (3.04%) Salesforce.com
6 143 (3.02%) Databricks
7 124 (2.62%) Apple
8 113 (2.38%) MuleSoft
9 90 (1.90%) Facebook
10 66 (1.39%) Informatica
11 61 (1.29%) Red Hat
12 56 (1.18%) Adobe
12 56 (1.18%) SAP
13 50 (1.05%) Cloudera
14 41 (0.86%) Automation Anywhere
15 39 (0.82%) Hortonworks
16 36 (0.76%) Cognizant
17 34 (0.72%) VMware
18 27 (0.57%) IBM
19 23 (0.49%) Splunk