Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 73 94 108
Rank change year-on-year +21 +14 +22
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 8,002 3,732 2,331
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.46% 3.49% 2.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.67% 3.72% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 2,355 2,160 2,003
10th Percentile £39,150 £37,450 £38,750
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £47,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £87,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £97,500 £115,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +8.37%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 171,218 100,289 73,335
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.33% 93.83% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 84,584 69,434 59,179
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,744 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +17 6,617 £70,000 +7.69% 358
London -5 4,279 £80,000 +6.67% 178
Work from Home +9 3,238 £70,000 +16.67% 180
UK excluding London +39 2,438 £57,500 +9.52% 192
South East +18 734 £62,500 +19.05% 46
North of England +83 586 £55,000 - 43
East of England +2 362 £60,000 +37.14% 44
North West +34 330 £57,500 +9.52% 28
South West +20 329 £55,000 +10.00% 21
Midlands +4 231 £55,000 -4.35% 25
Yorkshire +81 215 £55,000 - 7
West Midlands -2 185 £53,500 -6.96% 19
Scotland -32 115 £61,750 +30.00% 5
Wales +32 89 £60,000 +57.89% 3
East Midlands -26 46 £60,000 - 6
North East +19 41 £43,250 -3.89% 8
Northern Ireland -64 6 £32,750 -57.74% 5

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 3,764 (47.04%) Python
2 3,666 (45.81%) Machine Learning
3 3,405 (42.55%) Agile
4 2,696 (33.69%) AWS
5 2,670 (33.37%) Software Engineering
6 2,650 (33.12%) Data Science
7 2,196 (27.44%) Analytics
8 2,194 (27.42%) Social Skills
9 2,041 (25.51%) Degree
10 1,994 (24.92%) JavaScript
11 1,829 (22.86%) Azure
12 1,790 (22.37%) DevOps
13 1,780 (22.24%) Finance
14 1,765 (22.06%) CI/CD
15 1,740 (21.74%) GCP
16 1,701 (21.26%) SQL
17 1,676 (20.94%) Java
18 1,565 (19.56%) React
19 1,519 (18.98%) Computer Science
20 1,423 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
21 1,409 (17.61%) Docker
22 1,360 (17.00%) Microservices
23 1,340 (16.75%) Algorithms
24 1,328 (16.60%) Kubernetes
25 1,188 (14.85%) Full Stack Development
26 1,166 (14.57%) Analytical Skills
27 1,107 (13.83%) Big Data
28 1,087 (13.58%) User Experience
29 1,084 (13.55%) HTML
30 1,012 (12.65%) CSS

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 454 (5.67%) Apache Spark
2 219 (2.74%) Umbraco
3 186 (2.32%) Apache
4 170 (2.12%) Apache Airflow
5 142 (1.77%) Confluence
6 86 (1.07%) CMS
7 83 (1.04%) SharePoint
8 71 (0.89%) WordPress
9 59 (0.74%) SAS
10 41 (0.51%) Tornado
11 40 (0.50%) Hyperledger
12 38 (0.47%) Jupyter
13 35 (0.44%) Headless CMS
14 27 (0.34%) Apache Pulsar
15 25 (0.31%) nginx
16 23 (0.29%) OpenStack
17 21 (0.26%) Appian
17 21 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
17 21 (0.26%) Sitecore CMS
18 20 (0.25%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 129 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 114 (1.42%) Chatbot
3 86 (1.07%) Campfire
4 61 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
5 47 (0.59%) Photoshop
6 40 (0.50%) Sketch
7 30 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 26 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 22 (0.27%) InVision
10 21 (0.26%) Adobe XD
10 21 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
11 17 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
11 17 (0.21%) MS Visio
12 15 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
13 9 (0.11%) Simulink
14 5 (0.062%) Adobe Captivate
14 5 (0.062%) Stata
15 4 (0.050%) SPSS
15 4 (0.050%) Stateflow
16 3 (0.037%) Maya
Business Applications
1 42 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
1 42 (0.52%) R3 Corda
2 24 (0.30%) Magento
3 19 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
4 16 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
4 16 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
4 16 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
5 12 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
6 8 (0.100%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
7 7 (0.087%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 7 (0.087%) SAP S/4HANA
8 6 (0.075%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 5 (0.062%) SAP BPC
9 5 (0.062%) Shopify
10 4 (0.050%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.050%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.050%) SAP ERP
11 3 (0.037%) SAP SRM
11 3 (0.037%) SystmOne
12 2 (0.025%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 2,696 (33.69%) AWS
2 1,829 (22.86%) Azure
3 1,740 (21.74%) GCP
4 658 (8.22%) Serverless
5 614 (7.67%) SaaS
6 412 (5.15%) GitHub
7 392 (4.90%) Power Platform
8 250 (3.12%) Cloud Computing
9 202 (2.52%) Azure DevOps
10 199 (2.49%) Snowflake
11 197 (2.46%) Amazon S3
12 179 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
13 136 (1.70%) Azure Machine Learning
14 125 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
14 125 (1.56%) Amazon ECS
15 119 (1.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 113 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
17 108 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
18 107 (1.34%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 106 (1.32%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 247 (3.09%) Broadband
2 177 (2.21%) Internet
3 67 (0.84%) 5G
4 57 (0.71%) Firewall
5 56 (0.70%) HTTP
6 38 (0.47%) TCP/IP
7 37 (0.46%) SNA
8 35 (0.44%) SSH
9 30 (0.37%) Network Security
10 25 (0.31%) VPN
11 24 (0.30%) Wireless
12 19 (0.24%) DNS
12 19 (0.24%) VoIP
13 15 (0.19%) Software-Defined Networking
14 13 (0.16%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.15%) Bluetooth
15 12 (0.15%) Software-Defined Radio
16 11 (0.14%) SSL
17 10 (0.12%) Intranet
18 9 (0.11%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,107 (13.83%) Big Data
2 559 (6.99%) PostgreSQL
3 481 (6.01%) NoSQL
4 392 (4.90%) Data Warehouse
5 391 (4.89%) MongoDB
6 387 (4.84%) Elasticsearch
7 339 (4.24%) MySQL
8 338 (4.22%) SQL Server
9 329 (4.11%) Relational Database
10 288 (3.60%) Power BI
11 278 (3.47%) Data Lake
12 255 (3.19%) BigQuery
13 242 (3.02%) Tableau
14 216 (2.70%) Hadoop
15 164 (2.05%) Redis
16 118 (1.47%) Data Mining
17 112 (1.40%) Looker
18 105 (1.31%) Metadata
19 99 (1.24%) Amazon RDS
20 89 (1.11%) Flink
Development Applications
1 790 (9.87%) Git (software)
2 682 (8.52%) JIRA
3 553 (6.91%) Jenkins
4 247 (3.09%) GitLab
5 193 (2.41%) Cypress.io
6 161 (2.01%) Selenium
7 110 (1.37%) Bitbucket
8 109 (1.36%) CircleCI
9 106 (1.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 103 (1.29%) Cucumber
11 90 (1.12%) Postman
12 69 (0.86%) webpack
13 66 (0.82%) Visual Studio
14 63 (0.79%) JUnit
15 60 (0.75%) Maven
16 45 (0.56%) WebDriver
17 44 (0.55%) Mocha
18 35 (0.44%) CMake
19 33 (0.41%) Storybook
20 31 (0.39%) MLflow
General
1 2,194 (27.42%) Social Skills
2 1,780 (22.24%) Finance
3 1,166 (14.57%) Analytical Skills
4 700 (8.75%) Marketing
5 604 (7.55%) Games
6 517 (6.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 400 (5.00%) Retail
8 383 (4.79%) Banking
9 382 (4.77%) Public Sector
10 285 (3.56%) Presentation Skills
11 273 (3.41%) Legal
12 236 (2.95%) Telecoms
13 233 (2.91%) Manufacturing
14 212 (2.65%) Law
15 192 (2.40%) Pharmaceutical
16 153 (1.91%) Aerospace
16 153 (1.91%) Financial Institution
17 132 (1.65%) Advertising
18 125 (1.56%) Automotive
19 119 (1.49%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,464 (18.30%) Software Engineer
2 1,445 (18.06%) Developer
3 569 (7.11%) Architect
4 476 (5.95%) Data Scientist
5 449 (5.61%) Senior Software Engineer
6 421 (5.26%) Data Engineer
7 412 (5.15%) Senior Developer
8 348 (4.35%) Solutions Architect
9 329 (4.11%) Graduate
10 315 (3.94%) Full Stack Developer
11 305 (3.81%) Consultant
12 303 (3.79%) DevOps Engineer
13 268 (3.35%) Analyst
14 226 (2.82%) Senior Data Scientist
15 195 (2.44%) Principal Engineer
16 183 (2.29%) Data Architect
17 175 (2.19%) Product Manager
18 161 (2.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 154 (1.92%) Software Developer
20 148 (1.85%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,565 (19.56%) React
2 1,084 (13.55%) HTML
3 1,012 (12.65%) CSS
4 897 (11.21%) AngularJS
5 708 (8.85%) Node.js
6 671 (8.39%) .NET
7 594 (7.42%) Vue.js
8 457 (5.71%) REST
9 431 (5.39%) PyTorch
10 385 (4.81%) HTML5
11 355 (4.44%) GraphQL
11 355 (4.44%) Sass
12 342 (4.27%) TensorFlow
13 315 (3.94%) CSS3
13 315 (3.94%) RESTful
14 290 (3.62%) Django
15 288 (3.60%) Kafka
16 268 (3.35%) scikit-learn
17 237 (2.96%) Pandas
18 224 (2.80%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 1,340 (16.75%) Algorithms
2 1,087 (13.58%) User Experience
3 717 (8.96%) Data Structures
4 454 (5.67%) IoT
5 420 (5.25%) Self-Motivation
6 409 (5.11%) Blockchain
7 369 (4.61%) Cloud Native
8 247 (3.09%) Public Cloud
9 221 (2.76%) Social Media
10 218 (2.72%) Mobile App
11 197 (2.46%) Robotics
12 171 (2.14%) Life Science
13 158 (1.97%) Greenfield Project
14 148 (1.85%) Renewable Energy
15 147 (1.84%) Hedge funds
16 137 (1.71%) Virtual Team
17 136 (1.70%) iPhone
18 132 (1.65%) Management Information System
19 112 (1.40%) Cyberattack
20 110 (1.37%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 843 (10.53%) Linux
2 280 (3.50%) Windows
3 247 (3.09%) Android
4 198 (2.47%) Apple iOS
5 128 (1.60%) Unix
6 94 (1.17%) Ubuntu
7 50 (0.62%) CentOS
8 37 (0.46%) Mac OS
9 36 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
10 27 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
11 26 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
12 24 (0.30%) Windows Server
13 23 (0.29%) Robot Operating System
14 16 (0.20%) Solaris
15 14 (0.17%) Mac OS X
15 14 (0.17%) Windows 10
16 13 (0.16%) VMS
17 12 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
18 9 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 6 (0.075%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,666 (45.81%) Machine Learning
2 3,405 (42.55%) Agile
3 2,670 (33.37%) Software Engineering
4 2,650 (33.12%) Data Science
5 2,196 (27.44%) Analytics
6 1,790 (22.37%) DevOps
7 1,765 (22.06%) CI/CD
8 1,519 (18.98%) Computer Science
9 1,423 (17.78%) Problem-Solving
10 1,360 (17.00%) Microservices
11 1,188 (14.85%) Full Stack Development
12 997 (12.46%) Data Engineering
13 896 (11.20%) Scrum
14 870 (10.87%) Visualisation
15 861 (10.76%) Test Automation
16 845 (10.56%) TDD
17 773 (9.66%) Mentoring
18 746 (9.32%) Continuous Integration
19 744 (9.30%) Natural Language Processing
20 739 (9.24%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 3,764 (47.04%) Python
2 1,994 (24.92%) JavaScript
3 1,701 (21.26%) SQL
4 1,676 (20.94%) Java
5 858 (10.72%) C#
6 849 (10.61%) TypeScript
7 822 (10.27%) C++
8 599 (7.49%) C
9 343 (4.29%) R
10 332 (4.15%) Go
11 240 (3.00%) Scala
12 229 (2.86%) Objective-C
12 229 (2.86%) PHP
13 216 (2.70%) Bash
14 202 (2.52%) Kotlin
15 151 (1.89%) Ruby
16 142 (1.77%) ES6
17 133 (1.66%) Shell Script
18 116 (1.45%) MATLAB
19 106 (1.32%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 2,041 (25.51%) Degree
2 786 (9.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 329 (4.11%) PhD
4 321 (4.01%) Master's Degree
5 253 (3.16%) Security Cleared
6 166 (2.07%) AWS Certification
7 125 (1.56%) ISEB
7 125 (1.56%) SC Cleared
8 124 (1.55%) ISTQB
9 109 (1.36%) Microsoft Certification
10 96 (1.20%) TOGAF Certification
11 88 (1.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 78 (0.97%) CISSP
13 66 (0.82%) CISM
14 65 (0.81%) CRISC
15 61 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
16 43 (0.54%) DV Cleared
17 35 (0.44%) PMI Certification
18 18 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
19 16 (0.20%) Analytics IQ
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 630 (7.87%) QA
2 395 (4.94%) Accessibility
3 240 (3.00%) Data Quality
4 130 (1.62%) GDPR
5 128 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 64 (0.80%) GRC
7 62 (0.77%) NIST
8 40 (0.50%) WCAG
9 32 (0.40%) GxP
10 30 (0.37%) IEC 62304
10 30 (0.37%) ISO 13485
11 21 (0.26%) SLA
12 17 (0.21%) ECSS
13 15 (0.19%) ISO 9001
14 14 (0.17%) SOC 2
15 12 (0.15%) PMO
16 10 (0.12%) HIPAA
16 10 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 9 (0.11%) MiFID
18 8 (0.100%) HL7
System Software
1 1,409 (17.61%) Docker
2 51 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 38 (0.47%) Firmware
4 29 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
4 29 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 25 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.17%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.15%) NFS
8 8 (0.100%) Slurm Workload Manager
9 7 (0.087%) DFS Replication
9 7 (0.087%) HDFS
9 7 (0.087%) Virtual Desktop
10 6 (0.075%) VirtualBox
11 5 (0.062%) KVM
12 4 (0.050%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.050%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.037%) vSphere
14 2 (0.025%) LXC
14 2 (0.025%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,328 (16.60%) Kubernetes
2 599 (7.49%) Terraform
3 255 (3.19%) Ansible
4 118 (1.47%) Prometheus
5 91 (1.14%) Grafana
6 55 (0.69%) Kibana
7 43 (0.54%) Argo
8 40 (0.50%) Puppet
9 29 (0.36%) Data Guard
10 28 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
11 23 (0.29%) Kubeflow
12 17 (0.21%) Istio
13 11 (0.14%) Consul
13 11 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
14 10 (0.12%) Bugsnag
14 10 (0.12%) Rancher
14 10 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
15 9 (0.11%) Nagios
15 9 (0.11%) Opsgenie
16 7 (0.087%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 879 (10.98%) Google
2 700 (8.75%) Microsoft
3 275 (3.44%) Twitter
4 248 (3.10%) Databricks
5 238 (2.97%) Oracle
6 181 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
7 128 (1.60%) IBM
8 119 (1.49%) Adobe
8 119 (1.49%) SAP
9 114 (1.42%) MuleSoft
10 101 (1.26%) Facebook
11 70 (0.87%) Red Hat
11 70 (0.87%) VMware
12 61 (0.76%) New Relic
13 60 (0.75%) Informatica
14 55 (0.69%) Teradata
15 46 (0.57%) Apple
15 46 (0.57%) Spotify
16 43 (0.54%) Atlassian
16 43 (0.54%) Blue Prism