Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 438 734 1146
Rank change year-on-year +296 +412 -24
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1191 544 150
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.66% 0.29% 0.069%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.74% 0.32% 0.078%
Number of salaries quoted 996 528 140
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +18.56% -3.00%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £30,375
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £72,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £39,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +26.58% -1.25% -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161952 169683 193148
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.90% 89.39% 88.81%
Number of salaries quoted 127936 140934 159138
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £79,350 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +273 1135 £60,000 +4.35% 117
London +92 607 £62,500 +4.17% 71
UK excluding London +388 564 £50,000 +26.58% 47
East of England +170 218 £56,000 -17.04% 19
South East +119 144 £60,000 +71.43% 12
North of England +95 92 £50,000 -4.76% 6
North West +49 69 £50,000 +11.11% 3
South West +50 52 £45,000 - 7
Scotland - 36 £32,000 - 1
Midlands +32 26 £45,000 +100.00% 2
Yorkshire +45 18 £50,000 -4.76% 2
West Midlands +16 18 £35,000 +55.56% 2
East Midlands +31 7 £45,000 +100.00%
North East - 5 £40,000 - 1
Wales +7 3 £42,350 +69.40%

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 816 (68.51%) Machine Learning
2 614 (51.55%) Python
3 425 (35.68%) Java
4 328 (27.54%) C++
5 318 (26.70%) Software Engineering
6 314 (26.36%) Agile Software Development
7 306 (25.69%) Big Data
8 284 (23.85%) PhD
9 276 (23.17%) Algorithms
10 270 (22.67%) Computer Science
11 256 (21.49%) Finance
12 243 (20.40%) Degree
13 238 (19.98%) Natural Language Processing
14 234 (19.65%) C#
15 233 (19.56%) JavaScript
16 232 (19.48%) Mathematics
17 231 (19.40%) Analytics
18 190 (15.95%) Deep Learning
19 189 (15.87%) Apache Spark
20 165 (13.85%) SQL
21 163 (13.69%) C
22 162 (13.60%) Microsoft
22 162 (13.60%) Amazon AWS
23 158 (13.27%) R
24 148 (12.43%) Linux
25 147 (12.34%) Physics
26 136 (11.42%) Ruby
27 134 (11.25%) DevOps
28 124 (10.41%) TDD
29 123 (10.33%) Analytical Skills

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 189 (15.87%) Apache Spark
2 30 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (2.35%) Apache
4 16 (1.34%) Apache Solr
4 16 (1.34%) MS Exchange
5 14 (1.18%) Apache Pig
6 13 (1.09%) DNN
6 13 (1.09%) SAS
6 13 (1.09%) SharePoint
7 9 (0.76%) GeoServer
8 7 (0.59%) Skype for Business
9 5 (0.42%) SharePoint 2013
10 4 (0.34%) EPiServer
10 4 (0.34%) FileNet
11 3 (0.25%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.17%) nginx
12 2 (0.17%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.17%) Tornado
12 2 (0.17%) WebLogic
13 1 (0.084%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 30 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.84%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.67%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.59%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.50%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.42%) SPSS
8 4 (0.34%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.17%) InVision
9 2 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.17%) Stata
10 1 (0.084%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.084%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.17%) HFM
3 2 (0.17%) Magento
3 2 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 2 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.17%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.084%) Actimize
4 1 (0.084%) Capstone
4 1 (0.084%) FastStats
4 1 (0.084%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.084%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.084%) Relativity
4 1 (0.084%) Ringtail
4 1 (0.084%) Shopify
4 1 (0.084%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 162 (13.60%) Amazon AWS
2 66 (5.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 41 (3.44%) GitHub
4 27 (2.27%) SaaS
5 24 (2.02%) Google Cloud Platform
6 16 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
7 15 (1.26%) PaaS
8 13 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (1.09%) IaaS
9 10 (0.84%) Azure Machine Learning
10 8 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
11 7 (0.59%) Amazon EMR
12 5 (0.42%) Amazon S3
12 5 (0.42%) Boomi
13 4 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Cloud
13 4 (0.34%) IBM Blueworks
13 4 (0.34%) OpenShift
13 4 (0.34%) Serverless
14 3 (0.25%) Amazon ELB
14 3 (0.25%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.10%) TCP/IP
2 22 (1.85%) Network Security
3 21 (1.76%) Internet
4 10 (0.84%) SMTP
5 8 (0.67%) Skype
5 8 (0.67%) SMS
6 7 (0.59%) Firewall
6 7 (0.59%) VPN
7 5 (0.42%) Intranet
8 4 (0.34%) HTTP
8 4 (0.34%) Wireless
9 3 (0.25%) DNS
9 3 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.25%) SAN
10 2 (0.17%) DHCP
11 1 (0.084%) Fibre Channel
11 1 (0.084%) NAS
11 1 (0.084%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 306 (25.69%) Big Data
2 123 (10.33%) Hadoop
3 91 (7.64%) MongoDB
4 77 (6.47%) NoSQL
5 75 (6.30%) PostgreSQL
6 52 (4.37%) Apache Cassandra
7 47 (3.95%) SQL Server
8 41 (3.44%) MySQL
9 39 (3.27%) Apache Hive
10 33 (2.77%) Data Mining
11 30 (2.52%) Relational Database
12 26 (2.18%) Neo4j
13 24 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
13 24 (2.02%) Blockchain
14 23 (1.93%) Data Warehouse
15 16 (1.34%) Text Mining
16 13 (1.09%) Redis
17 12 (1.01%) QlikView
18 11 (0.92%) Impala
18 11 (0.92%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 60 (5.04%) Git (software)
2 45 (3.78%) Selenium
3 42 (3.53%) Cucumber
4 39 (3.27%) Jenkins
5 28 (2.35%) WebDriver
6 13 (1.09%) SpecFlow
7 11 (0.92%) JIRA
8 10 (0.84%) JUnit
9 9 (0.76%) TeamCity
10 8 (0.67%) Maven
11 7 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
12 6 (0.50%) Balsamiq Mockups
12 6 (0.50%) Dreamweaver
13 5 (0.42%) Ant
13 5 (0.42%) NetBeans
13 5 (0.42%) Octopus Deploy
14 4 (0.34%) Bitbucket
14 4 (0.34%) GitLab
14 4 (0.34%) Mercurial
14 4 (0.34%) Subversion
General
1 256 (21.49%) Finance
2 120 (10.08%) Legal
3 80 (6.72%) Banking
4 53 (4.45%) Retail
5 50 (4.20%) Marketing
6 48 (4.03%) Games
7 26 (2.18%) Law
8 19 (1.60%) Telecoms
9 16 (1.34%) Financial Institution
10 14 (1.18%) Investment Banking
11 12 (1.01%) Aerospace
11 12 (1.01%) Military
11 12 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 11 (0.92%) Automotive
12 11 (0.92%) Electronics
13 9 (0.76%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.67%) Advertising
15 7 (0.59%) Publishing
16 4 (0.34%) Back Office
16 4 (0.34%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 301 (25.27%) Developer
2 180 (15.11%) Software Engineer
3 116 (9.74%) Data Scientist
4 112 (9.40%) Software Developer
5 79 (6.63%) Consultant
6 66 (5.54%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 59 (4.95%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 55 (4.62%) C++ Software Engineer
9 50 (4.20%) DevOps Engineer
10 46 (3.86%) C++ Developer
10 46 (3.86%) Java Developer
11 45 (3.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 45 (3.78%) Graduate
12 43 (3.61%) Python Developer
13 41 (3.44%) Full Stack Developer
14 38 (3.19%) Junior
15 36 (3.02%) Tester
16 35 (2.94%) C++ Software Developer
16 35 (2.94%) Machine Learning Developer
17 33 (2.77%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 238 (19.98%) Natural Language Processing
2 113 (9.49%) HTML
3 111 (9.32%) .NET
4 96 (8.06%) CSS
5 95 (7.98%) TensorFlow
6 93 (7.81%) Node.js
7 89 (7.47%) AngularJS
8 55 (4.62%) React
9 42 (3.53%) RESTful
10 40 (3.36%) Theano
11 39 (3.27%) ASP.NET
12 35 (2.94%) Web Services
13 34 (2.85%) jQuery
13 34 (2.85%) Kafka
14 33 (2.77%) D3.js
14 33 (2.77%) REST
15 32 (2.69%) HTML5
16 30 (2.52%) RabbitMQ
17 29 (2.43%) CSS3
18 28 (2.35%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 276 (23.17%) Algorithms
2 270 (22.67%) Computer Science
3 123 (10.33%) Analytical Skills
4 121 (10.16%) Robotics
5 88 (7.39%) Greenfield Project
6 87 (7.30%) Cyberthreat
7 66 (5.54%) User Experience
8 48 (4.03%) Smart City
9 41 (3.44%) Fintech
10 25 (2.10%) Mobile App
11 23 (1.93%) Tandem
12 22 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
13 18 (1.51%) Internet of Things
14 16 (1.34%) Clustering
15 15 (1.26%) Management Information System
16 13 (1.09%) Social Media
17 10 (0.84%) 3D Graphics
18 9 (0.76%) Client/Server
19 8 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 7 (0.59%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 148 (12.43%) Linux
2 58 (4.87%) Windows
3 26 (2.18%) Android
4 11 (0.92%) Unix
5 10 (0.84%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.59%) CentOS
7 6 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.50%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.50%) Windows 7
8 5 (0.42%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.34%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.25%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.084%) Debian
12 1 (0.084%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 816 (68.51%) Machine Learning
2 318 (26.70%) Software Engineering
3 314 (26.36%) Agile Software Development
4 232 (19.48%) Mathematics
5 231 (19.40%) Analytics
6 190 (15.95%) Deep Learning
7 147 (12.34%) Physics
8 134 (11.25%) DevOps
9 124 (10.41%) TDD
10 113 (9.49%) Neural Network
11 105 (8.82%) Statistics
12 103 (8.65%) Cybersecurity
13 98 (8.23%) Data Analytics
14 97 (8.14%) Computer Vision
14 97 (8.14%) Open Source
15 90 (7.56%) Information Security
16 82 (6.88%) Test Automation
17 81 (6.80%) Data Protection
18 75 (6.30%) Continuous Integration
18 75 (6.30%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 614 (51.55%) Python
2 425 (35.68%) Java
3 328 (27.54%) C++
4 234 (19.65%) C#
5 233 (19.56%) JavaScript
6 165 (13.85%) SQL
7 163 (13.69%) C
8 158 (13.27%) R
9 136 (11.42%) Ruby
10 109 (9.15%) MATLAB
11 87 (7.30%) Scala
12 48 (4.03%) Julia
13 30 (2.52%) Go
14 25 (2.10%) PHP
15 23 (1.93%) Perl
16 21 (1.76%) Bash Shell
17 16 (1.34%) Shell Script
18 15 (1.26%) Elixir
18 15 (1.26%) VB.NET
19 13 (1.09%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 284 (23.85%) PhD
2 243 (20.40%) Degree
3 62 (5.21%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (3.27%) Master's Degree
5 16 (1.34%) Security Cleared
6 13 (1.09%) DV Cleared
6 13 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
7 9 (0.76%) CEH
7 9 (0.76%) GCIH
7 9 (0.76%) OSCP
8 8 (0.67%) CISSP
9 7 (0.59%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 6 (0.50%) GIAC
10 6 (0.50%) SANS
10 6 (0.50%) Six Sigma Master Black Belt
11 5 (0.42%) PMP
12 4 (0.34%) SC Cleared
13 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.17%) A+ Certification
14 2 (0.17%) ACCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (3.86%) QA
2 12 (1.01%) ECSS
3 11 (0.92%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.34%) PMO
5 3 (0.25%) GPG13
5 3 (0.25%) IFRS
6 2 (0.17%) GDPR
6 2 (0.17%) SLA
7 1 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.084%) GCP
7 1 (0.084%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.084%) Solvency II
System Software
1 112 (9.40%) Docker
2 9 (0.76%) HDFS
3 6 (0.50%) Hyper-V
3 6 (0.50%) Snort
4 3 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.17%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.084%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.084%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.084%) Firmware
6 1 (0.084%) KVM
6 1 (0.084%) NFS
6 1 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.084%) vSphere
6 1 (0.084%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 53 (4.45%) Kubernetes
2 26 (2.18%) Ansible
3 24 (2.02%) Terraform
4 21 (1.76%) Puppet
5 9 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (0.59%) Packer
7 6 (0.50%) Grafana
7 6 (0.50%) Salt
7 6 (0.50%) Suricata
7 6 (0.50%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 5 (0.42%) Munin
8 5 (0.42%) ZABBIX
9 4 (0.34%) Graylog
9 4 (0.34%) Kibana
10 3 (0.25%) Fluentd
10 3 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.25%) QRadar
10 3 (0.25%) SCCM
11 2 (0.17%) Consul
11 2 (0.17%) WSUS
Vendors
1 162 (13.60%) Microsoft
2 66 (5.54%) Google
3 44 (3.69%) IBM
4 40 (3.36%) Tableau
5 26 (2.18%) Oracle
6 22 (1.85%) SAP
7 21 (1.76%) VMware
8 16 (1.34%) Adobe
8 16 (1.34%) Blue Prism
9 15 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
10 10 (0.84%) Cloudera
11 7 (0.59%) Cisco
11 7 (0.59%) Splunk
11 7 (0.59%) Twitter
12 6 (0.50%) Fortinet
12 6 (0.50%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.50%) Sophos
12 6 (0.50%) Sourcefire
12 6 (0.50%) TippingPoint
12 6 (0.50%) Xamarin