Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 105 130 194
Rank change year-on-year +25 +64 +220
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,290 3,969 3,138
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.94% 2.70% 1.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.19% 2.92% 1.92%
Number of salaries quoted 2,106 3,153 2,800
Median annual salary £65,000 £64,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.56% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,750 £104,338 £100,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £54,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +8.00%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,778 135,730 163,676
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.15% 92.22% 92.15%
Number of salaries quoted 57,298 106,842 131,246
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +3.09%
10th Percentile £31,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +24 2,159 £65,000 - 245
London +12 1,295 £75,000 +3.45% 95
UK excluding London +25 964 £55,000 +4.76% 169
South East +38 383 £55,000 - 51
Work from Home +37 204 £65,000 -3.70% 46
North of England +6 142 £52,500 +10.53% 34
South West -18 126 £55,000 +4.76% 17
East of England +36 110 £55,000 -6.38% 25
Midlands +49 96 £55,000 +4.27% 23
Scotland +25 84 £47,500 -5.00% 15
North West -4 84 £52,500 +10.53% 12
West Midlands +79 82 £57,500 +27.78% 19
Yorkshire +47 47 £60,000 +22.45% 8
East Midlands +36 21 £55,000 - 4
Wales +9 20 £42,500 -15.00% 4
North East +28 11 £52,500 +16.67% 14
Northern Ireland +21 11 £55,000 +15.79%

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,126 (49.17%) Machine Learning
2 882 (38.52%) Python
3 846 (36.94%) Agile Software Development
4 675 (29.48%) AWS
5 647 (28.25%) JavaScript
6 572 (24.98%) Software Engineering
7 532 (23.23%) Java
8 523 (22.84%) SQL
9 508 (22.18%) Azure
10 504 (22.01%) Analytics
11 503 (21.97%) Data Science
12 485 (21.18%) Finance
13 446 (19.48%) Docker
14 444 (19.39%) C#
15 430 (18.78%) Degree
16 407 (17.77%) Big Data
17 396 (17.29%) DevOps
18 341 (14.89%) .NET
19 317 (13.84%) Microservices
20 307 (13.41%) Kubernetes
21 290 (12.66%) React
22 288 (12.58%) Computer Science
23 250 (10.92%) Web Services
24 249 (10.87%) HTML
25 247 (10.79%) Scrum
26 240 (10.48%) CSS
27 237 (10.35%) GCP
28 233 (10.17%) AngularJS
29 232 (10.13%) Linux
30 228 (9.96%) NoSQL

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (7.73%) Apache Spark
2 60 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
3 49 (2.14%) Apache
4 37 (1.62%) Confluence
5 27 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
5 27 (1.18%) SAS
6 18 (0.79%) WebSphere
7 17 (0.74%) SharePoint
8 13 (0.57%) CMS
9 12 (0.52%) Jupyter
10 10 (0.44%) Tomcat
11 8 (0.35%) Umbraco
11 8 (0.35%) WordPress
12 7 (0.31%) Camunda
12 7 (0.31%) JBoss
13 6 (0.26%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.26%) nginx
13 6 (0.26%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.22%) Luigi
14 5 (0.22%) WildFly
Applications
1 63 (2.75%) Chatbot
2 25 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.52%) Sketch
5 9 (0.39%) S-PLUS
6 6 (0.26%) InVision
6 6 (0.26%) SPSS
7 5 (0.22%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.22%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.13%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.13%) Blender
10 2 (0.087%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.087%) Stata
11 1 (0.044%) Adobe After Effects
11 1 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.044%) EViews
Business Applications
1 49 (2.14%) FINCAD Analytics
2 10 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.31%) SAP WM
5 5 (0.22%) SAP PP
5 5 (0.22%) SAP SCM
6 3 (0.13%) Tesseract
7 2 (0.087%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.087%) Maximo
7 2 (0.087%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.087%) SAP IBP
8 1 (0.044%) FastStats
8 1 (0.044%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.044%) SAP LE
Cloud Services
1 675 (29.48%) AWS
2 508 (22.18%) Azure
3 237 (10.35%) GCP
4 125 (5.46%) Power Platform
5 115 (5.02%) SaaS
6 79 (3.45%) Serverless
7 73 (3.19%) PaaS
8 57 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
9 49 (2.14%) Office 365
10 47 (2.05%) OpenShift
11 40 (1.75%) IaaS
12 37 (1.62%) IBM Cloud
13 36 (1.57%) Amazon S3
13 36 (1.57%) GitHub
14 32 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
15 31 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
16 29 (1.27%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (0.96%) Azure Data Factory
17 22 (0.96%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.44%) Internet
2 32 (1.40%) Firewall
3 17 (0.74%) Network Security
3 17 (0.74%) TCP/IP
3 17 (0.74%) Wireless
4 16 (0.70%) MPLS
5 14 (0.61%) WAN
6 12 (0.52%) LAN
7 11 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
8 10 (0.44%) BGP
9 7 (0.31%) Skype
10 6 (0.26%) HTTP
10 6 (0.26%) MQTT
10 6 (0.26%) RFID
10 6 (0.26%) SSL
10 6 (0.26%) VLAN
11 5 (0.22%) DNS
11 5 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
12 4 (0.17%) DSL
12 4 (0.17%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 407 (17.77%) Big Data
2 228 (9.96%) NoSQL
3 190 (8.30%) SQL Server
4 167 (7.29%) Hadoop
5 154 (6.72%) MongoDB
6 120 (5.24%) Power BI
7 114 (4.98%) PostgreSQL
8 112 (4.89%) MySQL
9 106 (4.63%) Data Warehouse
10 87 (3.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 84 (3.67%) Amazon Athena
12 78 (3.41%) Redis
13 75 (3.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 69 (3.01%) Apache Cassandra
15 67 (2.93%) Relational Database
16 59 (2.58%) Amazon Redshift
16 59 (2.58%) Blockchain
17 53 (2.31%) Microsoft Analysis Services
18 49 (2.14%) Data Lake
19 47 (2.05%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 153 (6.68%) Git (software)
2 135 (5.90%) Jenkins
3 80 (3.49%) JIRA
4 60 (2.62%) TeamCity
5 49 (2.14%) Octopus Deploy
6 44 (1.92%) Mocha
7 41 (1.79%) MSBuild
8 40 (1.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 37 (1.62%) CircleCI
10 34 (1.48%) Vagrant
11 33 (1.44%) GitLab
12 32 (1.40%) Cucumber
12 32 (1.40%) Maven
12 32 (1.40%) Selenium
13 27 (1.18%) JUnit
13 27 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
14 18 (0.79%) webpack
15 17 (0.74%) Cypress.io
15 17 (0.74%) Visual Studio
16 15 (0.66%) PowerDesigner
General
1 485 (21.18%) Finance
2 164 (7.16%) Banking
3 136 (5.94%) Front Office
4 134 (5.85%) Retail
5 94 (4.10%) Marketing
6 63 (2.75%) Legal
7 61 (2.66%) Manufacturing
8 47 (2.05%) Law
9 44 (1.92%) Games
10 41 (1.79%) Public Sector
11 38 (1.66%) Aerospace
12 37 (1.62%) Telecoms
13 32 (1.40%) Military
14 27 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
15 26 (1.14%) Automotive
16 18 (0.79%) Electronics
17 16 (0.70%) Advertising
18 15 (0.66%) Investment Banking
19 14 (0.61%) Back Office
20 12 (0.52%) Police
Job Titles
1 729 (31.83%) Developer
2 236 (10.31%) Software Engineer
3 183 (7.99%) Architect
4 157 (6.86%) Java Developer
5 146 (6.38%) .NET Developer
6 135 (5.90%) Data Engineer
7 128 (5.59%) Senior Developer
8 126 (5.50%) Data Scientist
9 116 (5.07%) Analyst
10 78 (3.41%) Consultant
10 78 (3.41%) Python Developer
11 76 (3.32%) DevOps Engineer
12 66 (2.88%) Python Engineer
13 65 (2.84%) Software Developer
14 64 (2.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 62 (2.71%) Data Architect
16 61 (2.66%) Full Stack Developer
17 58 (2.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 54 (2.36%) AWS Developer
18 54 (2.36%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 341 (14.89%) .NET
2 290 (12.66%) React
3 250 (10.92%) Web Services
4 249 (10.87%) HTML
5 240 (10.48%) CSS
6 233 (10.17%) AngularJS
7 180 (7.86%) Natural Language Processing
8 173 (7.55%) Node.js
9 169 (7.38%) .NET Core
10 134 (5.85%) TensorFlow
11 119 (5.20%) Kafka
12 115 (5.02%) ASP.NET
13 79 (3.45%) .NET Framework
13 79 (3.45%) REST
14 76 (3.32%) RESTful
15 75 (3.28%) Spring
16 74 (3.23%) Redux
17 68 (2.97%) Django
18 63 (2.75%) HTML5
18 63 (2.75%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 216 (9.43%) Algorithms
2 190 (8.30%) Analytical Skills
3 120 (5.24%) User Experience
4 80 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
4 80 (3.49%) Hedge funds
5 77 (3.36%) Robotics
6 70 (3.06%) Fixed Income
7 64 (2.79%) Derivative
8 51 (2.23%) Data Structures
8 51 (2.23%) Management Information System
9 49 (2.14%) Mobile App
10 46 (2.01%) Blog
11 43 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
12 40 (1.75%) Cloud Native
13 30 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
14 29 (1.27%) Acoustics
15 28 (1.22%) Life Science
16 26 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 24 (1.05%) Virtual Team
18 23 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 232 (10.13%) Linux
2 95 (4.15%) Windows
3 73 (3.19%) Android
4 57 (2.49%) Unix
5 56 (2.45%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.79%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.26%) Solaris
9 5 (0.22%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.17%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
11 1 (0.044%) Debian
11 1 (0.044%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.044%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,126 (49.17%) Machine Learning
2 846 (36.94%) Agile Software Development
3 572 (24.98%) Software Engineering
4 504 (22.01%) Analytics
5 503 (21.97%) Data Science
6 396 (17.29%) DevOps
7 317 (13.84%) Microservices
8 288 (12.58%) Computer Science
9 247 (10.79%) Scrum
10 201 (8.78%) Data Analytics
11 194 (8.47%) Deep Learning
12 191 (8.34%) Fintech
13 183 (7.99%) Mathematics
13 183 (7.99%) Problem-Solving
14 164 (7.16%) Mentoring
15 163 (7.12%) Business Intelligence
16 158 (6.90%) TDD
17 147 (6.42%) Test Automation
18 137 (5.98%) Asset Management
19 128 (5.59%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 882 (38.52%) Python
2 647 (28.25%) JavaScript
3 532 (23.23%) Java
4 523 (22.84%) SQL
5 444 (19.39%) C#
6 206 (9.00%) C++
7 154 (6.72%) Scala
8 149 (6.51%) R
9 97 (4.24%) Kotlin
10 82 (3.58%) C
11 79 (3.45%) TypeScript
12 77 (3.36%) Go
13 69 (3.01%) PHP
14 61 (2.66%) ES6
15 59 (2.58%) F#
16 41 (1.79%) PowerShell
17 40 (1.75%) Java 8
18 35 (1.53%) MATLAB
19 33 (1.44%) Bash Shell
20 29 (1.27%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 430 (18.78%) Degree
2 128 (5.59%) Security Cleared
3 121 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
4 106 (4.63%) PhD
5 69 (3.01%) SC Cleared
6 64 (2.79%) DV Cleared
7 46 (2.01%) Master's Degree
8 29 (1.27%) AWS Certification
9 25 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
10 17 (0.74%) CCNP
10 17 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
11 12 (0.52%) CCDP
11 12 (0.52%) MBA
12 11 (0.48%) Postgraduate
13 9 (0.39%) CCNA
14 8 (0.35%) CCIE
15 7 (0.31%) CISSP
15 7 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
16 5 (0.22%) ISEB
16 5 (0.22%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 124 (5.41%) QA
2 48 (2.10%) Data Quality
3 26 (1.14%) GDPR
4 21 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.74%) NIST
6 15 (0.66%) NCSC
7 14 (0.61%) NIST 800
8 6 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.17%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.17%) WCAG
10 3 (0.13%) GxP
10 3 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 3 (0.13%) ISO 13485
10 3 (0.13%) PMO
10 3 (0.13%) SLA
11 2 (0.087%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.044%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.044%) COBIT
12 1 (0.044%) HL7
System Software
1 446 (19.48%) Docker
2 41 (1.79%) Active Directory
3 35 (1.53%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.57%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.22%) vSphere
9 4 (0.17%) Firmware
10 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.13%) HDFS
11 2 (0.087%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 307 (13.41%) Kubernetes
2 157 (6.86%) Terraform
3 105 (4.59%) Ansible
4 41 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
5 26 (1.14%) Puppet
6 22 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (0.79%) Kibana
8 17 (0.74%) Marathon
8 17 (0.74%) Mesos
9 14 (0.61%) Grafana
10 6 (0.26%) Pingdom
11 5 (0.22%) Salt
12 4 (0.17%) Istio
12 4 (0.17%) Kubeflow
13 2 (0.087%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.087%) Nessus
13 2 (0.087%) Oozie
13 2 (0.087%) Packer
13 2 (0.087%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.087%) Rancher
Vendors
1 202 (8.82%) Microsoft
2 137 (5.98%) Google
3 81 (3.54%) Tableau
4 63 (2.75%) Oracle
5 51 (2.23%) Bloomberg
6 49 (2.14%) IBM
7 46 (2.01%) Cloudera
8 40 (1.75%) Informatica
9 36 (1.57%) Hortonworks
10 34 (1.48%) Cisco
11 29 (1.27%) Blue Prism
12 28 (1.22%) Databricks
13 25 (1.09%) Talend
13 25 (1.09%) UiPath
14 24 (1.05%) Automation Anywhere
15 23 (1.00%) SAP
16 21 (0.92%) Splunk
17 18 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
18 17 (0.74%) VMware
19 16 (0.70%) NVIDIA