Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 207 471 795
Rank change year-on-year +264 +324 +273
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 2,968 1,012 532
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.67% 0.59% 0.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.84% 0.65% 0.29%
Number of salaries quoted 2,580 897 441
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -4.35%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £87,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +20.00% +5.88% -15.00%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161,231 156,030 184,053
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.84% 90.43% 89.94%
Number of salaries quoted 130,643 128,474 152,913
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,128 £27,854 £27,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +267 2,869 £60,000 - 364
London +208 1,579 £70,000 +12.00% 198
UK excluding London +280 1,355 £54,000 +20.00% 181
East of England +175 453 £57,500 -8.00% 59
South East +133 326 £50,000 +25.00% 40
South West +113 221 £55,000 +37.50% 32
North of England +123 190 £50,000 -4.76% 20
North West +86 144 £50,000 - 15
Midlands +59 95 £40,000 - 15
West Midlands +25 66 £32,500 -18.75% 9
Scotland +4 51 £45,000 -30.77% 7
Yorkshire +49 33 £50,000 -14.89% 4
East Midlands +25 30 £45,000 +12.50% 6
Wales +10 14 £40,000 -5.88% 2
North East -23 13 £43,500 -3.33% 1
Northern Ireland +9 7 £37,500 -28.57% 6

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 1,819 (61.29%) Machine Learning
2 1,295 (43.63%) Python
3 1,005 (33.86%) Agile Software Development
4 936 (31.54%) Java
5 740 (24.93%) Data Science
6 671 (22.61%) Big Data
7 666 (22.44%) JavaScript
8 625 (21.06%) Amazon AWS
9 618 (20.82%) Analytics
10 609 (20.52%) Software Engineering
11 603 (20.32%) C++
12 570 (19.20%) Algorithms
13 536 (18.06%) SQL
14 520 (17.52%) Finance
15 489 (16.48%) PhD
16 487 (16.41%) Computer Science
17 478 (16.11%) C#
18 464 (15.63%) Mathematics
18 464 (15.63%) Degree
19 427 (14.39%) Apache Spark
20 403 (13.58%) TDD
21 386 (13.01%) HTML
22 385 (12.97%) Deep Learning
23 369 (12.43%) CSS
24 368 (12.40%) Natural Language Processing
25 363 (12.23%) Linux
26 323 (10.88%) AngularJS
26 323 (10.88%) React
27 319 (10.75%) R
28 312 (10.51%) Docker

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 427 (14.39%) Apache Spark
2 135 (4.55%) Elasticsearch
3 82 (2.76%) SAS
4 58 (1.95%) Apache
5 55 (1.85%) Apache Pig
6 33 (1.11%) Ethereum
7 25 (0.84%) Tomcat
8 22 (0.74%) DNN
9 17 (0.57%) Confluence
10 16 (0.54%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.44%) Hyperledger
11 13 (0.44%) SharePoint
12 12 (0.40%) Drupal
12 12 (0.40%) nginx
13 9 (0.30%) JBoss
14 8 (0.27%) Oracle Self-Service HR
15 7 (0.24%) GeoServer
15 7 (0.24%) IIS
16 5 (0.17%) CMS
16 5 (0.17%) Predix
Applications
1 111 (3.74%) Chatbot
2 25 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (0.71%) SPSS
4 20 (0.67%) Adobe Illustrator
4 20 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 19 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
5 19 (0.64%) Photoshop
6 16 (0.54%) GNU Octave
6 16 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.44%) MS Visio
8 10 (0.34%) Stata
9 8 (0.27%) Mathematica
10 6 (0.20%) Simulink
11 5 (0.17%) HipChat
12 4 (0.13%) InVision
13 3 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 22 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.61%) Ripple
3 15 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
4 14 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
5 9 (0.30%) Ripple XRP
6 8 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
6 8 (0.27%) Oracle Payroll
7 7 (0.24%) R3 Corda
8 4 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.10%) Magento
9 3 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
10 2 (0.067%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.067%) Relativity
10 2 (0.067%) Ringtail
10 2 (0.067%) Veritas eDiscovery
11 1 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
11 1 (0.034%) Oracle Payables
11 1 (0.034%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 1 (0.034%) SAP FI-AP
Cloud Services
1 625 (21.06%) Amazon AWS
2 281 (9.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 101 (3.40%) Google Cloud Platform
4 93 (3.13%) GitHub
5 62 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
6 56 (1.89%) SaaS
7 46 (1.55%) Amazon Kinesis
8 41 (1.38%) Amazon EMR
9 35 (1.18%) Serverless
10 32 (1.08%) PaaS
11 27 (0.91%) Amazon S3
12 21 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
12 21 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (0.71%) IaaS
13 18 (0.61%) Office 365
14 15 (0.51%) Azure Data Factory
14 15 (0.51%) IBM Cloud
15 13 (0.44%) Bluemix
16 12 (0.40%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
16 12 (0.40%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.89%) Internet
2 30 (1.01%) Network Security
3 18 (0.61%) Firewall
4 15 (0.51%) Skype
5 14 (0.47%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.40%) HTTP
7 11 (0.37%) SMTP
8 10 (0.34%) DAB
8 10 (0.34%) Ethernet
8 10 (0.34%) Sourcefire
8 10 (0.34%) VPN
9 9 (0.30%) 5G
10 6 (0.20%) LAN
10 6 (0.20%) SAN
10 6 (0.20%) WAN
10 6 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
11 5 (0.17%) Intranet
11 5 (0.17%) Intrusion Detection
11 5 (0.17%) RS-232
12 4 (0.13%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 671 (22.61%) Big Data
2 285 (9.60%) NoSQL
3 283 (9.54%) Hadoop
4 208 (7.01%) MongoDB
5 154 (5.19%) PostgreSQL
6 145 (4.89%) Blockchain
7 112 (3.77%) MySQL
7 112 (3.77%) Relational Database
8 107 (3.61%) Apache Cassandra
9 106 (3.57%) SQL Server
10 88 (2.96%) Apache Hive
11 87 (2.93%) Data Mining
12 75 (2.53%) Amazon Redshift
13 66 (2.22%) Power BI
14 55 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
15 43 (1.45%) BigQuery
16 40 (1.35%) Impala
17 37 (1.25%) QlikView
18 35 (1.18%) RDBMS
19 34 (1.15%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 213 (7.18%) Git (software)
2 102 (3.44%) Jenkins
3 97 (3.27%) JIRA
4 67 (2.26%) Selenium
5 35 (1.18%) Cucumber
6 28 (0.94%) Maven
7 27 (0.91%) NUnit
7 27 (0.91%) TeamCity
8 25 (0.84%) Gradle
8 25 (0.84%) WebDriver
9 20 (0.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 20 (0.67%) Visual Studio
10 17 (0.57%) webpack
11 16 (0.54%) Subversion
11 16 (0.54%) Team Foundation Server
12 15 (0.51%) Mercurial
12 15 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
13 14 (0.47%) Grunt
13 14 (0.47%) MSBuild
14 13 (0.44%) gulp
General
1 520 (17.52%) Finance
2 169 (5.69%) Retail
3 149 (5.02%) Banking
4 106 (3.57%) Marketing
5 92 (3.10%) Legal
6 73 (2.46%) Electronics
7 66 (2.22%) Games
8 56 (1.89%) Telecoms
9 48 (1.62%) Advertising
10 41 (1.38%) Law
11 38 (1.28%) Manufacturing
12 31 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
13 26 (0.88%) Back Office
14 25 (0.84%) Front Office
15 24 (0.81%) Publishing
16 16 (0.54%) Investment Banking
17 15 (0.51%) Aerospace
17 15 (0.51%) Retail Banking
18 13 (0.44%) Billing
18 13 (0.44%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 900 (30.32%) Developer
2 285 (9.60%) Software Engineer
3 269 (9.06%) Data Scientist
4 199 (6.70%) Java Developer
5 182 (6.13%) Architect
6 173 (5.83%) Software Developer
7 138 (4.65%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 131 (4.41%) Graduate
9 122 (4.11%) Consultant
10 112 (3.77%) JavaScript Developer
11 111 (3.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 109 (3.67%) Python Engineer
13 97 (3.27%) DevOps Engineer
14 95 (3.20%) Data Engineer
15 91 (3.07%) Machine Learning Developer
16 87 (2.93%) .NET Developer
17 84 (2.83%) Machine Learning Scientist
18 82 (2.76%) Python Developer
18 82 (2.76%) Senior Developer
19 80 (2.70%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (13.01%) HTML
2 369 (12.43%) CSS
3 368 (12.40%) Natural Language Processing
4 323 (10.88%) AngularJS
4 323 (10.88%) React
5 280 (9.43%) .NET
6 261 (8.79%) Node.js
7 210 (7.08%) TensorFlow
8 184 (6.20%) Web Services
9 154 (5.19%) RESTful
10 145 (4.89%) HTML5
11 134 (4.51%) CSS3
12 113 (3.81%) jQuery
13 110 (3.71%) Pandas
14 100 (3.37%) J2EE
15 93 (3.13%) NumPy
16 89 (3.00%) Kafka
17 81 (2.73%) REST
17 81 (2.73%) XML
18 79 (2.66%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 570 (19.20%) Algorithms
2 487 (16.41%) Computer Science
3 250 (8.42%) User Experience
4 233 (7.85%) Robotics
5 224 (7.55%) Greenfield Project
6 209 (7.04%) Fintech
7 204 (6.87%) Analytical Skills
8 88 (2.96%) Mobile App
9 80 (2.70%) Data Structures
10 64 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
11 47 (1.58%) Smart City
12 46 (1.55%) Management Information System
13 43 (1.45%) Cyberthreat
14 38 (1.28%) Internet of Things
15 37 (1.25%) Clustering
15 37 (1.25%) Social Media
16 36 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
17 31 (1.04%) Hedge funds
18 26 (0.88%) Augmented Reality
18 26 (0.88%) Xbox
Operating Systems
1 363 (12.23%) Linux
2 77 (2.59%) Apple iOS
3 60 (2.02%) Android
3 60 (2.02%) Windows
4 40 (1.35%) Unix
5 25 (0.84%) Robot Operating System
6 13 (0.44%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.37%) CoreOS
7 11 (0.37%) Debian
8 9 (0.30%) CentOS
8 9 (0.30%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
10 6 (0.20%) Fedora
10 6 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 6 (0.20%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.17%) Solaris
11 5 (0.17%) VyOS
12 4 (0.13%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.10%) SUSE
13 3 (0.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,819 (61.29%) Machine Learning
2 1,005 (33.86%) Agile Software Development
3 740 (24.93%) Data Science
4 618 (20.82%) Analytics
5 609 (20.52%) Software Engineering
6 464 (15.63%) Mathematics
7 403 (13.58%) TDD
8 385 (12.97%) Deep Learning
9 297 (10.01%) DevOps
10 283 (9.54%) Scrum
11 271 (9.13%) Neural Network
12 235 (7.92%) Microservices
13 225 (7.58%) Physics
14 218 (7.35%) Data Analytics
15 215 (7.24%) Statistics
16 188 (6.33%) BDD
16 188 (6.33%) Problem-Solving
17 186 (6.27%) Business Intelligence
18 175 (5.90%) Computer Vision
19 168 (5.66%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,295 (43.63%) Python
2 936 (31.54%) Java
3 666 (22.44%) JavaScript
4 603 (20.32%) C++
5 536 (18.06%) SQL
6 478 (16.11%) C#
7 319 (10.75%) R
8 283 (9.54%) Scala
9 246 (8.29%) C
10 198 (6.67%) MATLAB
11 194 (6.54%) Ruby
12 128 (4.31%) PHP
13 76 (2.56%) Java 8
14 70 (2.36%) Shell Script
15 63 (2.12%) Go
16 34 (1.15%) Apple Swift
17 33 (1.11%) PowerShell
18 31 (1.04%) ES6
19 28 (0.94%) Perl
20 24 (0.81%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 489 (16.48%) PhD
2 464 (15.63%) Degree
3 136 (4.58%) Computer Science Degree
4 55 (1.85%) Master's Degree
5 45 (1.52%) CISSP
6 37 (1.25%) SANS
7 36 (1.21%) Security Cleared
8 34 (1.15%) CISM
9 31 (1.04%) CSSLP
10 22 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
11 13 (0.44%) CEH
11 13 (0.44%) GCIH
11 13 (0.44%) OSCP
12 12 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
13 11 (0.37%) MAPM
14 10 (0.34%) AWS Certification
14 10 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
14 10 (0.34%) SC Cleared
14 10 (0.34%) Six Sigma Black Belt
15 8 (0.27%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 110 (3.71%) QA
2 46 (1.55%) GCP
3 32 (1.08%) HIPAA
4 20 (0.67%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.47%) GDPR
5 14 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.34%) ECSS
7 7 (0.24%) GPG13
7 7 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.24%) PMO
7 7 (0.24%) Solvency II
8 4 (0.13%) SLA
9 3 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.10%) EMIR
9 3 (0.10%) MiFID
10 2 (0.067%) FATCA
11 1 (0.034%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.034%) Val IT
System Software
1 312 (10.51%) Docker
2 21 (0.71%) HDFS
3 18 (0.61%) Apache Flume
4 17 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.34%) Snort
6 8 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.24%) Firmware
7 7 (0.24%) Xen
8 6 (0.20%) VirtualBox
9 5 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.10%) KVM
10 3 (0.10%) pfSense
11 2 (0.067%) Active Directory
11 2 (0.067%) Samba
12 1 (0.034%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.034%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 111 (3.74%) Kubernetes
2 83 (2.80%) Puppet
3 77 (2.59%) Ansible
4 54 (1.82%) Terraform
5 35 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
6 16 (0.54%) Marathon
7 14 (0.47%) Mesos
8 12 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
9 10 (0.34%) Suricata
10 9 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
10 9 (0.30%) Oozie
11 7 (0.24%) EMC NetWorker
11 7 (0.24%) Nagios
11 7 (0.24%) QRadar
12 6 (0.20%) Grafana
12 6 (0.20%) Kibana
12 6 (0.20%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.17%) logstash
14 4 (0.13%) Graphite
Vendors
1 252 (8.49%) Microsoft
2 168 (5.66%) Google
3 93 (3.13%) Oracle
4 91 (3.07%) IBM
5 83 (2.80%) Tableau
6 62 (2.09%) SAP
7 39 (1.31%) VMware
8 33 (1.11%) Cloudera
9 31 (1.04%) Atlassian
9 31 (1.04%) Capita
9 31 (1.04%) Veracode
10 27 (0.91%) Apple
11 26 (0.88%) Twitter
12 23 (0.77%) Blue Prism
13 22 (0.74%) Adobe
14 21 (0.71%) Informatica
15 20 (0.67%) Hortonworks
15 20 (0.67%) Teradata
16 18 (0.61%) Alteryx
17 17 (0.57%) Facebook