Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 385 707 1072
Rank change year-on-year +322 +365 +50
Permanent jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 1,371 526 238
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.78% 0.30% 0.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.87% 0.33% 0.13%
Number of salaries quoted 1,127 494 214
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +14.29% -4.55%
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,250 £22,500
90th Percentile £103,750 £90,000 £86,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £30,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +58.33% -25.00%

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 157,440 157,260 187,272
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.90% 89.54% 88.82%
Number of salaries quoted 127,646 129,586 155,123
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £79,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Salary trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +308 1,308 £60,000 - 163
London +178 741 £67,500 +8.00% 96
UK excluding London +294 600 £50,000 +5.26% 72
East of England +141 214 £55,000 -24.14% 24
South East +86 137 £60,000 +26.32% 13
North of England +94 109 £50,000 -9.09% 13
North West +67 89 £50,000 -9.09% 13
Midlands +46 53 £32,500 -23.53% 11
South West +26 53 £50,000 +25.00% 6
West Midlands +38 43 £31,250 -26.47% 9
Scotland -3 32 £45,000 +109.30% 5
Yorkshire - 16 £50,000 -
East Midlands +28 9 £45,000 +100.00% 2
North East -19 4 £40,000 -
Wales +5 3 £57,500 +130.00%

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 937 (68.34%) Machine Learning
2 650 (47.41%) Python
3 486 (35.45%) Java
4 408 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
5 363 (26.48%) C++
6 339 (24.73%) Big Data
7 336 (24.51%) Software Engineering
8 310 (22.61%) Finance
9 307 (22.39%) Data Science
10 296 (21.59%) PhD
11 291 (21.23%) Algorithms
12 279 (20.35%) Analytics
13 278 (20.28%) JavaScript
14 275 (20.06%) Computer Science
15 269 (19.62%) Natural Language Processing
16 267 (19.47%) Degree
17 260 (18.96%) C#
18 233 (16.99%) Mathematics
19 228 (16.63%) Deep Learning
20 209 (15.24%) Apache Spark
21 199 (14.51%) Amazon AWS
22 196 (14.30%) SQL
23 176 (12.84%) Linux
23 176 (12.84%) Microsoft
24 160 (11.67%) C
25 145 (10.58%) TDD
25 145 (10.58%) R
26 142 (10.36%) Legal
27 141 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
27 141 (10.28%) DevOps

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 209 (15.24%) Apache Spark
2 44 (3.21%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (2.41%) Apache
4 23 (1.68%) DNN
5 22 (1.60%) SAS
6 16 (1.17%) Apache Pig
7 15 (1.09%) MS Exchange
8 13 (0.95%) SharePoint
9 11 (0.80%) GeoServer
9 11 (0.80%) Tomcat
10 10 (0.73%) Apache Solr
11 5 (0.36%) Ethereum
11 5 (0.36%) SharePoint 2013
11 5 (0.36%) Skype for Business
12 4 (0.29%) EPiServer
12 4 (0.29%) Hyperledger
12 4 (0.29%) Predix
13 3 (0.22%) JBoss
13 3 (0.22%) WildFly
14 2 (0.15%) WebSphere
Applications
1 19 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
1 19 (1.39%) Microsoft Project
2 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.73%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
4 8 (0.58%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.58%) GNU Octave
4 8 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.36%) SPSS
6 3 (0.22%) InVision
7 2 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.15%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (1.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (1.31%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
3 4 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.15%) HFM
5 2 (0.15%) Relativity
5 2 (0.15%) Ringtail
5 2 (0.15%) SAP BPC
5 2 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.15%) Veritas eDiscovery
6 1 (0.073%) Capstone
6 1 (0.073%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.073%) Magento
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.073%) SAP FI-AP
Cloud Services
1 199 (14.51%) Amazon AWS
2 114 (8.32%) Microsoft Azure
3 45 (3.28%) GitHub
4 31 (2.26%) Google Cloud Platform
5 28 (2.04%) SaaS
6 26 (1.90%) PaaS
7 21 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
7 21 (1.53%) IaaS
8 12 (0.88%) Azure Machine Learning
9 9 (0.66%) Bluemix
9 9 (0.66%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
9 9 (0.66%) IBM Cloud
10 8 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (0.58%) IBM Blueworks
10 8 (0.58%) Serverless
11 6 (0.44%) Adobe Creative Cloud
12 5 (0.36%) Boomi
13 4 (0.29%) Amazon S3
13 4 (0.29%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (0.29%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.53%) Internet
1 21 (1.53%) Network Security
2 15 (1.09%) TCP/IP
3 10 (0.73%) SMTP
4 8 (0.58%) Firewall
4 8 (0.58%) Skype
5 7 (0.51%) VPN
6 5 (0.36%) Intranet
7 3 (0.22%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.15%) Wireless
9 1 (0.073%) Bluetooth
9 1 (0.073%) DAB
9 1 (0.073%) HTTP
9 1 (0.073%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (24.73%) Big Data
2 125 (9.12%) Hadoop
2 125 (9.12%) MongoDB
3 92 (6.71%) NoSQL
4 86 (6.27%) PostgreSQL
5 65 (4.74%) Apache Cassandra
6 45 (3.28%) Apache Hive
6 45 (3.28%) Relational Database
7 40 (2.92%) SQL Server
8 37 (2.70%) Blockchain
8 37 (2.70%) Data Mining
9 25 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
10 24 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
10 24 (1.75%) MySQL
11 22 (1.60%) Neo4j
11 22 (1.60%) RDBMS
12 18 (1.31%) Flink
12 18 (1.31%) Power BI
12 18 (1.31%) QlikView
13 14 (1.02%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 64 (4.67%) Git (software)
2 51 (3.72%) Jenkins
3 44 (3.21%) Selenium
4 40 (2.92%) Cucumber
5 32 (2.33%) WebDriver
6 15 (1.09%) SpecFlow
7 14 (1.02%) JIRA
8 9 (0.66%) Balsamiq Mockups
8 9 (0.66%) Subversion
9 6 (0.44%) JSUnit
10 5 (0.36%) NetBeans
10 5 (0.36%) Team Foundation Server
10 5 (0.36%) TeamCity
11 4 (0.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (0.29%) Axure RP
11 4 (0.29%) JUnit
11 4 (0.29%) Mercurial
11 4 (0.29%) Travis CI
11 4 (0.29%) Visual Studio
12 3 (0.22%) GoCD
General
1 310 (22.61%) Finance
2 142 (10.36%) Legal
3 105 (7.66%) Banking
4 79 (5.76%) Retail
5 48 (3.50%) Marketing
6 42 (3.06%) Games
7 29 (2.12%) Law
8 23 (1.68%) Telecoms
9 21 (1.53%) Investment Banking
10 19 (1.39%) Back Office
10 19 (1.39%) Retail Banking
11 16 (1.17%) Aerospace
11 16 (1.17%) Electronics
12 15 (1.09%) Financial Institution
13 14 (1.02%) Front Office
13 14 (1.02%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.80%) Automotive
15 9 (0.66%) Billing
16 8 (0.58%) Publishing
17 7 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 318 (23.19%) Developer
2 181 (13.20%) Software Engineer
3 116 (8.46%) Data Scientist
4 110 (8.02%) Software Developer
5 102 (7.44%) Consultant
6 76 (5.54%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 75 (5.47%) Architect
7 75 (5.47%) Java Developer
8 70 (5.11%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 54 (3.94%) Graduate
10 48 (3.50%) Machine Learning Developer
11 47 (3.43%) C++ Software Engineer
12 46 (3.36%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 43 (3.14%) Data Engineer
14 42 (3.06%) Analyst
14 42 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
15 41 (2.99%) C++ Developer
16 37 (2.70%) Artificial Intelligence Developer
17 36 (2.63%) Junior
18 35 (2.55%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (19.62%) Natural Language Processing
2 115 (8.39%) Node.js
3 113 (8.24%) .NET
4 109 (7.95%) HTML
5 99 (7.22%) CSS
6 95 (6.93%) TensorFlow
7 92 (6.71%) AngularJS
8 84 (6.13%) React
9 53 (3.87%) RESTful
10 48 (3.50%) Kafka
11 45 (3.28%) Web Services
12 42 (3.06%) HTML5
13 41 (2.99%) J2EE
14 40 (2.92%) jQuery
15 39 (2.84%) Theano
16 37 (2.70%) XML
17 33 (2.41%) Django
17 33 (2.41%) RabbitMQ
17 33 (2.41%) Spring
18 32 (2.33%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 291 (21.23%) Algorithms
2 275 (20.06%) Computer Science
3 141 (10.28%) Analytical Skills
4 136 (9.92%) Robotics
5 101 (7.37%) Greenfield Project
6 91 (6.64%) User Experience
7 87 (6.35%) Cyberthreat
8 69 (5.03%) Fintech
9 51 (3.72%) Smart City
10 47 (3.43%) Mobile App
11 42 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
12 37 (2.70%) Tandem
13 24 (1.75%) Management Information System
14 21 (1.53%) Data Structures
15 19 (1.39%) Client/Server
15 19 (1.39%) Cyber Defence
16 16 (1.17%) Internet of Things
16 16 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
17 14 (1.02%) Data Centre
18 12 (0.88%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 176 (12.84%) Linux
2 38 (2.77%) Android
3 36 (2.63%) Windows
4 22 (1.60%) Apple iOS
5 18 (1.31%) Robot Operating System
5 18 (1.31%) Unix
6 6 (0.44%) Windows 10
7 5 (0.36%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.15%) Solaris
9 1 (0.073%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 937 (68.34%) Machine Learning
2 408 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
3 336 (24.51%) Software Engineering
4 307 (22.39%) Data Science
5 279 (20.35%) Analytics
6 233 (16.99%) Mathematics
7 228 (16.63%) Deep Learning
8 145 (10.58%) TDD
9 141 (10.28%) DevOps
10 137 (9.99%) Neural Network
11 132 (9.63%) Physics
12 130 (9.48%) Cybersecurity
13 107 (7.80%) Scrum
14 105 (7.66%) Reinforcement Learning
15 100 (7.29%) Test Automation
16 99 (7.22%) Statistics
17 97 (7.08%) Computer Vision
18 96 (7.00%) Robotic Process Automation
19 94 (6.86%) Microservices
19 94 (6.86%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 650 (47.41%) Python
2 486 (35.45%) Java
3 363 (26.48%) C++
4 278 (20.28%) JavaScript
5 260 (18.96%) C#
6 196 (14.30%) SQL
7 160 (11.67%) C
8 145 (10.58%) R
9 129 (9.41%) Ruby
10 85 (6.20%) Scala
11 80 (5.84%) MATLAB
12 44 (3.21%) Go
13 34 (2.48%) Shell Script
14 24 (1.75%) Julia
14 24 (1.75%) PowerShell
15 21 (1.53%) PHP
16 18 (1.31%) VB.NET
17 13 (0.95%) Bash Shell
17 13 (0.95%) Perl
18 8 (0.58%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 296 (21.59%) PhD
2 267 (19.47%) Degree
3 72 (5.25%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (2.48%) Master's Degree
5 21 (1.53%) CISSP
5 21 (1.53%) SANS
6 20 (1.46%) Security Cleared
7 15 (1.09%) CISM
7 15 (1.09%) CSSLP
8 11 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
9 10 (0.73%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 9 (0.66%) CEH
10 9 (0.66%) GCIH
10 9 (0.66%) OSCP
11 8 (0.58%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.58%) MAPM
12 7 (0.51%) MBA
12 7 (0.51%) PMP
13 6 (0.44%) GIAC
13 6 (0.44%) Six Sigma Master Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.45%) QA
2 16 (1.17%) GCP
3 15 (1.09%) Data Quality
3 15 (1.09%) HIPAA
4 12 (0.88%) ECSS
5 6 (0.44%) GDPR
6 5 (0.36%) Solvency II
7 4 (0.29%) PMO
8 3 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.22%) EMIR
8 3 (0.22%) GPG13
8 3 (0.22%) IFRS
8 3 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.15%) FATCA
9 2 (0.15%) MiFID
10 1 (0.073%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.073%) SLA
10 1 (0.073%) Val IT
System Software
1 135 (9.85%) Docker
2 9 (0.66%) HDFS
3 6 (0.44%) Snort
4 5 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.22%) KVM
5 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.22%) Xen
6 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 63 (4.60%) Kubernetes
2 34 (2.48%) Ansible
3 28 (2.04%) Terraform
4 26 (1.90%) Puppet
5 11 (0.80%) Marathon
6 8 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.44%) Mesos
7 6 (0.44%) Suricata
8 5 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
8 5 (0.36%) Packer
9 3 (0.22%) Consul
9 3 (0.22%) Fluentd
9 3 (0.22%) Graylog
9 3 (0.22%) Oozie
9 3 (0.22%) QRadar
9 3 (0.22%) Rancher
9 3 (0.22%) Red Hat Spacewalk
10 2 (0.15%) EnCase
10 2 (0.15%) FTK
Vendors
1 176 (12.84%) Microsoft
2 72 (5.25%) Google
3 65 (4.74%) IBM
4 55 (4.01%) Oracle
5 40 (2.92%) SAP
6 36 (2.63%) Tableau
7 25 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
7 25 (1.82%) VMware
8 19 (1.39%) Blue Prism
9 18 (1.31%) Adobe
10 15 (1.09%) Veracode
11 10 (0.73%) Hortonworks
11 10 (0.73%) Twitter
12 8 (0.58%) Facebook
12 8 (0.58%) Pega
12 8 (0.58%) webMethods
13 7 (0.51%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.51%) Sophos
14 6 (0.44%) Dell
14 6 (0.44%) TippingPoint