Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 13 16
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 11,836 12,878 16,484
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.02% 11.71% 11.09%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.51% 21.43% 20.37%
Number of salaries quoted 9,117 10,505 13,378
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,960 £33,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,401 60,080 80,908
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.97% 54.63% 54.44%
Number of salaries quoted 37,552 50,074 66,939
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +2.27%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 10,813 £65,000 - 2,292
London +3 6,273 £75,000 - 1,130
UK excluding London +5 5,001 £55,000 +10.00% 1,326
Work from Home +2 1,987 £67,500 +3.85% 479
North of England +9 1,269 £57,500 +9.52% 297
South East -2 1,123 £55,000 +4.76% 291
South West +6 865 £52,500 +5.00% 185
Midlands +11 708 £51,500 +3.00% 153
Yorkshire +13 643 £57,500 +9.52% 105
North West +7 570 £57,500 +9.52% 164
Scotland +1 492 £54,072 +13.72% 126
West Midlands +10 472 £57,500 +15.00% 106
East of England +6 401 £55,750 +1.36% 222
East Midlands +19 230 £50,000 - 47
Wales +13 102 £47,500 +11.76% 33
North East -15 57 £46,250 -2.63% 28
Northern Ireland -4 53 £47,500 +26.67% 19
Isle of Man - 15 £37,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 4,515 (38.15%) AWS
2 4,134 (34.93%) Agile Software Development
3 3,797 (32.08%) Java
4 3,637 (30.73%) SQL
5 3,375 (28.51%) DevOps
6 3,130 (26.44%) Docker
7 3,065 (25.90%) JavaScript
8 2,919 (24.66%) Software Engineering
9 2,673 (22.58%) Azure
10 2,623 (22.16%) Kubernetes
11 2,597 (21.94%) Linux
12 2,510 (21.21%) Finance
13 1,997 (16.87%) C#
14 1,975 (16.69%) GCP
15 1,891 (15.98%) Analytics
16 1,874 (15.83%) Terraform
17 1,652 (13.96%) Degree
18 1,579 (13.34%) Data Science
19 1,558 (13.16%) Machine Learning
20 1,513 (12.78%) Git (software)
21 1,501 (12.68%) Ansible
22 1,479 (12.50%) Jenkins
23 1,417 (11.97%) Go
24 1,411 (11.92%) C++
25 1,342 (11.34%) Bash Shell
26 1,326 (11.20%) Computer Science
27 1,302 (11.00%) Microservices
28 1,292 (10.92%) React
29 1,224 (10.34%) Node.js
30 1,179 (9.96%) Problem-Solving

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 752 (6.35%) Apache Spark
2 423 (3.57%) Apache
3 384 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 349 (2.95%) Confluence
5 262 (2.21%) Apache Airflow
6 156 (1.32%) SAS
7 146 (1.23%) nginx
8 64 (0.54%) Luigi
9 62 (0.52%) OpenStack
10 56 (0.47%) IIS
11 48 (0.41%) Jupyter
12 41 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
12 41 (0.35%) JBoss
13 38 (0.32%) CMS
13 38 (0.32%) SharePoint
14 36 (0.30%) Tomcat
15 35 (0.30%) WordPress
16 33 (0.28%) Apache Pig
16 33 (0.28%) Drupal
17 31 (0.26%) WebSphere
Applications
1 228 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 72 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 43 (0.36%) Simulink
4 33 (0.28%) MS Visio
5 30 (0.25%) Stateflow
6 23 (0.19%) SPSS
7 17 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 16 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
9 13 (0.11%) Photoshop
10 11 (0.093%) Sketch
11 9 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
11 9 (0.076%) Maya
12 7 (0.059%) Gephi
13 6 (0.051%) OrCAD
14 5 (0.042%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 5 (0.042%) Stata
15 4 (0.034%) Chatbot
15 4 (0.034%) Fireworks
15 4 (0.034%) Zemax
16 2 (0.017%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 26 (0.22%) Magento
2 19 (0.16%) R3 Corda
2 19 (0.16%) Sentinel
3 13 (0.11%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.10%) Shopify
5 11 (0.093%) FINCAD Analytics
6 10 (0.084%) Eagle PACE
6 10 (0.084%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.068%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
9 6 (0.051%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 5 (0.042%) JDE OneWorld
11 4 (0.034%) Dynamics CRM
11 4 (0.034%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 4 (0.034%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
12 3 (0.025%) Distributed Ledger
12 3 (0.025%) Endur
12 3 (0.025%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,515 (38.15%) AWS
2 2,673 (22.58%) Azure
3 1,975 (16.69%) GCP
4 1,083 (9.15%) Serverless
5 658 (5.56%) AWS Lambda
6 635 (5.36%) Power Platform
7 595 (5.03%) SaaS
8 570 (4.82%) AWS CloudFormation
9 467 (3.95%) GitHub
10 382 (3.23%) Amazon EC2
11 373 (3.15%) PaaS
12 369 (3.12%) Amazon S3
13 304 (2.57%) Amazon ECS
14 273 (2.31%) IaaS
15 256 (2.16%) Amazon EKS
16 242 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
17 192 (1.62%) Azure Data Factory
18 165 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 162 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
20 130 (1.10%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 375 (3.17%) Firewall
2 285 (2.41%) TCP/IP
3 247 (2.09%) HTTP
4 207 (1.75%) Internet
5 206 (1.74%) DNS
6 142 (1.20%) VPN
7 116 (0.98%) Wireless
8 108 (0.91%) OSPF
9 98 (0.83%) Wireshark
10 95 (0.80%) Ethernet
11 92 (0.78%) Wi-Fi
12 84 (0.71%) VLAN
13 81 (0.68%) Network Security
14 79 (0.67%) BGP
15 77 (0.65%) WAN
16 74 (0.63%) DHCP
17 71 (0.60%) IPv4
18 62 (0.52%) MPLS
19 60 (0.51%) HTTPS
20 57 (0.48%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,018 (8.60%) PostgreSQL
2 1,008 (8.52%) Big Data
3 878 (7.42%) NoSQL
4 799 (6.75%) SQL Server
5 752 (6.35%) Data Warehouse
6 731 (6.18%) MySQL
7 658 (5.56%) Relational Database
8 629 (5.31%) MongoDB
9 620 (5.24%) Power BI
10 562 (4.75%) Hadoop
11 468 (3.95%) Tableau
12 358 (3.02%) Redis
13 325 (2.75%) Data Lake
13 325 (2.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 315 (2.66%) Amazon Redshift
15 290 (2.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 241 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
17 239 (2.02%) BigQuery
18 213 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 193 (1.63%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,513 (12.78%) Git (software)
2 1,479 (12.50%) Jenkins
3 728 (6.15%) JIRA
4 573 (4.84%) GitLab
5 337 (2.85%) Selenium
6 228 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 207 (1.75%) Subversion
8 204 (1.72%) Cucumber
9 189 (1.60%) Bitbucket
10 180 (1.52%) TeamCity
11 145 (1.23%) Artifactory
11 145 (1.23%) CircleCI
12 134 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
13 122 (1.03%) Maven
14 110 (0.93%) JMeter
15 99 (0.84%) Vagrant
16 95 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
17 90 (0.76%) Cypress.io
18 85 (0.72%) Travis CI
19 84 (0.71%) WebDriver
General
1 2,510 (21.21%) Finance
2 619 (5.23%) Banking
3 466 (3.94%) Front Office
4 462 (3.90%) Marketing
5 461 (3.89%) Games
6 459 (3.88%) Public Sector
7 339 (2.86%) Retail
8 307 (2.59%) Telecoms
9 266 (2.25%) Electronics
10 242 (2.04%) Law
11 226 (1.91%) Manufacturing
12 164 (1.39%) Legal
13 141 (1.19%) Advertising
14 124 (1.05%) Investment Banking
15 103 (0.87%) Multimedia
16 98 (0.83%) Back Office
17 81 (0.68%) Financial Institution
18 64 (0.54%) Automotive
19 57 (0.48%) Publishing
20 50 (0.42%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,372 (28.49%) Developer
2 1,482 (12.52%) Software Engineer
3 1,334 (11.27%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,228 (10.38%) Python Developer
5 1,037 (8.76%) Data Engineer
6 812 (6.86%) Python Engineer
7 679 (5.74%) AWS Engineer
8 605 (5.11%) Analyst
9 584 (4.93%) Senior Developer
10 450 (3.80%) Software Developer
11 441 (3.73%) Data Scientist
12 412 (3.48%) Cloud Engineer
13 379 (3.20%) Architect
14 375 (3.17%) Java Developer
15 334 (2.82%) AWS DevOps
16 333 (2.81%) Senior Software Engineer
17 325 (2.75%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 321 (2.71%) Full Stack Developer
19 309 (2.61%) Senior DevOps
20 302 (2.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,292 (10.92%) React
2 1,224 (10.34%) Node.js
3 973 (8.22%) .NET
4 943 (7.97%) HTML
5 911 (7.70%) Web Services
6 894 (7.55%) Kafka
7 862 (7.28%) AngularJS
8 819 (6.92%) CSS
8 819 (6.92%) Django
9 659 (5.57%) REST
10 506 (4.28%) Flask
11 487 (4.11%) Vue.js
12 443 (3.74%) HTML5
13 442 (3.73%) RESTful
14 355 (3.00%) GraphQL
15 291 (2.46%) Spring
16 275 (2.32%) CSS3
17 259 (2.19%) .NET Core
18 242 (2.04%) JSON
19 241 (2.04%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 823 (6.95%) Analytical Skills
2 633 (5.35%) Algorithms
3 462 (3.90%) Data Structures
4 433 (3.66%) Hedge funds
5 432 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
6 342 (2.89%) Derivative
6 342 (2.89%) Equities
7 313 (2.64%) Public Cloud
8 284 (2.40%) Cloud Native
9 263 (2.22%) Mobile App
10 243 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
11 234 (1.98%) Fixed Income
12 225 (1.90%) User Experience
13 222 (1.88%) Data Centre
14 218 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
15 195 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 171 (1.44%) Management Information System
17 155 (1.31%) Organisational Skills
18 153 (1.29%) Blog
19 103 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 2,597 (21.94%) Linux
2 850 (7.18%) Windows
3 644 (5.44%) Unix
4 263 (2.22%) CentOS
5 237 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 203 (1.72%) Android
7 200 (1.69%) Windows Server
8 172 (1.45%) Ubuntu
9 140 (1.18%) Apple iOS
10 64 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
11 54 (0.46%) Debian
12 32 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
13 30 (0.25%) Windows 10
14 22 (0.19%) Mac OS
15 20 (0.17%) Solaris
15 20 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
16 17 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
16 17 (0.14%) Windows 7
17 16 (0.14%) Fedora
18 15 (0.13%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,134 (34.93%) Agile Software Development
2 3,375 (28.51%) DevOps
3 2,919 (24.66%) Software Engineering
4 1,891 (15.98%) Analytics
5 1,579 (13.34%) Data Science
6 1,558 (13.16%) Machine Learning
7 1,326 (11.20%) Computer Science
8 1,302 (11.00%) Microservices
9 1,179 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
10 1,104 (9.33%) Business Intelligence
11 1,087 (9.18%) Test Automation
12 1,072 (9.06%) TDD
13 1,029 (8.69%) Artificial Intelligence
14 1,002 (8.47%) Continuous Integration
15 982 (8.30%) Infrastructure as Code
16 917 (7.75%) Mentoring
17 891 (7.53%) ETL
18 882 (7.45%) Fintech
19 879 (7.43%) Scrum
20 836 (7.06%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,797 (32.08%) Java
2 3,637 (30.73%) SQL
3 3,065 (25.90%) JavaScript
4 1,997 (16.87%) C#
5 1,417 (11.97%) Go
6 1,411 (11.92%) C++
7 1,342 (11.34%) Bash Shell
8 927 (7.83%) Ruby
9 866 (7.32%) PowerShell
10 794 (6.71%) R
11 713 (6.02%) Scala
12 703 (5.94%) PHP
13 686 (5.80%) TypeScript
14 654 (5.53%) C
15 503 (4.25%) Perl
16 291 (2.46%) Shell Script
17 279 (2.36%) Kotlin
18 208 (1.76%) Java 8
19 204 (1.72%) Groovy
20 178 (1.50%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,652 (13.96%) Degree
2 579 (4.89%) Security Cleared
3 538 (4.55%) Computer Science Degree
4 421 (3.56%) SC Cleared
5 337 (2.85%) PhD
6 164 (1.39%) Master's Degree
7 157 (1.33%) AWS Certification
8 155 (1.31%) Numerate Degree
9 125 (1.06%) DV Cleared
10 123 (1.04%) OCP
10 123 (1.04%) Oracle Certification
11 111 (0.94%) CIW
11 111 (0.94%) OCA
12 80 (0.68%) Cisco Certification
13 55 (0.46%) RHCE
14 53 (0.45%) ISTQB
15 48 (0.41%) CCNP
16 45 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
17 43 (0.36%) GIAC
18 37 (0.31%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 541 (4.57%) QA
2 174 (1.47%) Data Quality
3 87 (0.74%) GDPR
4 67 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 48 (0.41%) SLA
6 28 (0.24%) NIST
7 26 (0.22%) PCI DSS
8 22 (0.19%) MiFID
9 21 (0.18%) ISO 9001
10 16 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 16 (0.14%) NCSC
11 14 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 12 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
12 12 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 12 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 11 (0.093%) GRC
13 11 (0.093%) ISO 26262
13 11 (0.093%) SOC 2
14 10 (0.084%) MISRA
14 10 (0.084%) MISRA C
System Software
1 3,130 (26.44%) Docker
2 310 (2.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 170 (1.44%) Active Directory
4 98 (0.83%) Firmware
5 82 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
6 81 (0.68%) VirtualBox
7 68 (0.57%) Hyper-V
8 59 (0.50%) KVM
9 50 (0.42%) HDFS
10 47 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
11 32 (0.27%) vSphere
12 29 (0.25%) Xen
13 21 (0.18%) VMware NSX
14 17 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 15 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 15 (0.13%) NFS
16 12 (0.10%) Samba
17 11 (0.093%) Oracle RAC
17 11 (0.093%) Postfix
18 10 (0.084%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 2,623 (22.16%) Kubernetes
2 1,874 (15.83%) Terraform
3 1,501 (12.68%) Ansible
4 885 (7.48%) Puppet
5 549 (4.64%) Opscode Chef
6 357 (3.02%) Prometheus
7 300 (2.53%) Grafana
8 136 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
9 105 (0.89%) Nagios
10 101 (0.85%) Packer
11 85 (0.72%) Kibana
12 74 (0.63%) Consul
13 58 (0.49%) Salt
14 55 (0.46%) Graylog
15 44 (0.37%) Graphite
16 43 (0.36%) CFEngine
17 40 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
18 33 (0.28%) logstash
19 30 (0.25%) HAProxy
20 29 (0.25%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 1,039 (8.78%) Microsoft
2 965 (8.15%) Google
3 702 (5.93%) Oracle
4 391 (3.30%) VMware
5 318 (2.69%) Red Hat
6 261 (2.21%) Databricks
7 206 (1.74%) SAP
8 179 (1.51%) IBM
9 178 (1.50%) Splunk
10 155 (1.31%) Atlassian
11 151 (1.28%) Cisco
12 143 (1.21%) SaltStack
13 133 (1.12%) Talend
14 109 (0.92%) Informatica
14 109 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
15 104 (0.88%) Cloudera
16 97 (0.82%) New Relic
17 88 (0.74%) Sybase
18 78 (0.66%) Apple
19 73 (0.62%) Hortonworks