Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 22 27 47
Rank change year-on-year +5 +20 +23
Permanent jobs citing Python 15132 12744 11577
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.36% 6.75% 5.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.12% 12.75% 10.30%
Number of salaries quoted 12383 11027 9710
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 100094 99915 112409
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.32% 52.89% 51.72%
Number of salaries quoted 82448 86252 96120
UK median annual salary £49,039 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.24% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +1.27%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 14294 £55,000 - 1322
London +3 7851 £65,000 +8.33% 706
UK excluding London +21 7094 £50,000 +5.26% 668
South East +14 2430 £50,000 - 176
East of England +17 1370 £50,000 +5.26% 176
North of England +16 1237 £50,000 +25.00% 124
South West +6 787 £47,500 - 81
North West +24 649 £50,000 +23.46% 66
Midlands +23 611 £42,500 - 57
Yorkshire +21 539 £50,000 +25.00% 51
Scotland +4 530 £45,000 +2.27% 37
West Midlands +22 350 £42,500 +6.25% 32
East Midlands +13 276 £42,500 +1.19% 25
Wales -11 99 £42,500 +6.25% 11
Northern Ireland +12 52 £40,000 +17.65% 6
North East +11 49 £40,000 -11.11% 7
Channel Islands - 1 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6512 (43.03%) Java
2 5664 (37.43%) Linux
3 5269 (34.82%) Agile Software Development
4 4064 (26.86%) SQL
5 3523 (23.28%) Amazon AWS
6 3489 (23.06%) DevOps
7 3424 (22.63%) C++
8 3279 (21.67%) Finance
9 3259 (21.54%) JavaScript
10 3031 (20.03%) Degree
11 2925 (19.33%) Software Engineering
12 2878 (19.02%) Ruby
13 2630 (17.38%) C#
14 2512 (16.60%) Bash Shell
15 2373 (15.68%) Computer Science
16 2334 (15.42%) Perl
17 2301 (15.21%) Docker
18 2213 (14.62%) Puppet
19 2203 (14.56%) Machine Learning
20 2105 (13.91%) Ansible
21 2096 (13.85%) Jenkins
22 2053 (13.57%) Analytics
23 2015 (13.32%) Git (software)
24 1978 (13.07%) Big Data
25 1929 (12.75%) Windows
26 1832 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
27 1821 (12.03%) Opscode Chef
28 1760 (11.63%) Unix
29 1744 (11.53%) HTML
30 1685 (11.14%) Test Automation

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1335 (8.82%) Apache Spark
2 850 (5.62%) Apache
3 666 (4.40%) Elasticsearch
4 522 (3.45%) SAS
5 518 (3.42%) Tomcat
6 511 (3.38%) OpenStack
7 410 (2.71%) nginx
8 396 (2.62%) Confluence
9 198 (1.31%) JBoss
10 187 (1.24%) IIS
11 176 (1.16%) WebSphere
12 142 (0.94%) Apache Solr
13 139 (0.92%) Apache Pig
14 125 (0.83%) Jetty
15 124 (0.82%) Cloud Foundry
16 119 (0.79%) WebLogic
17 110 (0.73%) CMS
18 97 (0.64%) SharePoint
19 85 (0.56%) CloudStack
20 53 (0.35%) DataSynapse
Applications
1 244 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 167 (1.10%) SPSS
3 97 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
4 46 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 32 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 21 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 17 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 16 (0.11%) Photoshop
9 13 (0.086%) Mathematica
9 13 (0.086%) Stata
10 12 (0.079%) HipChat
11 10 (0.066%) Maya
11 10 (0.066%) Simulink
12 8 (0.053%) GNU Octave
13 7 (0.046%) FrameMaker
13 7 (0.046%) InDesign
14 6 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
14 6 (0.040%) S-PLUS
15 4 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
15 4 (0.026%) Inkscape
Business Applications
1 31 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.11%) SAP InfiniteInsight
3 15 (0.099%) SAP ERP
4 14 (0.093%) Teamcenter
5 12 (0.079%) Adobe Campaign
6 9 (0.059%) Magento
6 9 (0.059%) Odoo
7 8 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
8 7 (0.046%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 7 (0.046%) Eikon
8 7 (0.046%) Oracle BPM
8 7 (0.046%) R3 Corda
9 6 (0.040%) Front Arena
9 6 (0.040%) Revive Adserver
10 5 (0.033%) ION MarketView
10 5 (0.033%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.033%) WebTrends
11 4 (0.026%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.026%) Unit4 Business World
12 3 (0.020%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 3523 (23.28%) Amazon AWS
2 1387 (9.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 561 (3.71%) SaaS
4 543 (3.59%) Google Cloud Platform
5 341 (2.25%) GitHub
6 338 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
7 307 (2.03%) PaaS
8 298 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
9 295 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
10 209 (1.38%) IaaS
11 208 (1.37%) Amazon S3
12 137 (0.91%) Serverless
13 106 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
14 100 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 97 (0.64%) OpenShift
16 88 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
17 77 (0.51%) Google Analytics
18 70 (0.46%) Amazon Kinesis
18 70 (0.46%) Azure Machine Learning
18 70 (0.46%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 666 (4.40%) TCP/IP
2 552 (3.65%) Firewall
3 483 (3.19%) DNS
4 424 (2.80%) HTTP
5 379 (2.50%) Internet
6 296 (1.96%) VPN
7 258 (1.70%) Wireless
8 222 (1.47%) WAN
9 198 (1.31%) DHCP
10 195 (1.29%) SSL
11 189 (1.25%) Network Security
12 182 (1.20%) BGP
13 151 (1.00%) LAN
14 132 (0.87%) OSPF
15 115 (0.76%) LDAP
15 115 (0.76%) SMTP
16 112 (0.74%) IPsec
17 100 (0.66%) Ethernet
18 96 (0.63%) SNMP
19 94 (0.62%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1978 (13.07%) Big Data
2 1493 (9.87%) Hadoop
3 1420 (9.38%) MySQL
4 1319 (8.72%) NoSQL
5 1055 (6.97%) PostgreSQL
6 1018 (6.73%) SQL Server
7 1016 (6.71%) MongoDB
8 848 (5.60%) Relational Database
9 611 (4.04%) Data Warehouse
10 523 (3.46%) Apache Cassandra
11 396 (2.62%) Redis
12 389 (2.57%) Apache Hive
13 293 (1.94%) Data Mining
14 292 (1.93%) RDBMS
15 220 (1.45%) Amazon Redshift
16 218 (1.44%) Power BI
17 203 (1.34%) HBase
18 161 (1.06%) QlikView
19 154 (1.02%) Amazon RDS
20 144 (0.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2096 (13.85%) Jenkins
2 2015 (13.32%) Git (software)
3 929 (6.14%) JIRA
4 766 (5.06%) Selenium
5 463 (3.06%) Maven
6 459 (3.03%) Cucumber
7 448 (2.96%) Subversion
8 427 (2.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 392 (2.59%) TeamCity
10 385 (2.54%) JUnit
11 249 (1.65%) Vagrant
12 247 (1.63%) Visual Studio
13 201 (1.33%) Bitbucket
14 178 (1.18%) Gradle
14 178 (1.18%) WebDriver
15 176 (1.16%) JMeter
16 172 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
17 156 (1.03%) gulp
18 132 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
19 131 (0.87%) Appium
General
1 3279 (21.67%) Finance
2 1069 (7.06%) Banking
3 906 (5.99%) Marketing
4 708 (4.68%) Telecoms
5 596 (3.94%) Retail
6 546 (3.61%) Investment Banking
7 522 (3.45%) Front Office
8 520 (3.44%) Electronics
9 421 (2.78%) Games
10 403 (2.66%) Manufacturing
11 350 (2.31%) Retail Banking
12 266 (1.76%) Advertising
13 233 (1.54%) Financial Institution
14 165 (1.09%) Legal
15 124 (0.82%) Publishing
16 105 (0.69%) Automotive
17 77 (0.51%) Back Office
18 62 (0.41%) Aerospace
19 56 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
20 55 (0.36%) Law
Job Titles
1 5058 (33.43%) Developer
2 1859 (12.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 1784 (11.79%) Python Developer
4 1479 (9.77%) Software Engineer
5 983 (6.50%) Java Developer
6 942 (6.23%) Senior Developer
7 914 (6.04%) Data Scientist
8 842 (5.56%) Analyst
9 765 (5.06%) Software Developer
10 757 (5.00%) Linux Engineer
11 641 (4.24%) Graduate
12 520 (3.44%) Junior
13 500 (3.30%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 497 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
15 462 (3.05%) Architect
16 438 (2.89%) C++ Software Engineer
17 410 (2.71%) Java Engineer
18 398 (2.63%) AWS DevOps
19 391 (2.58%) Systems Engineer
20 387 (2.56%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1744 (11.53%) HTML
2 1407 (9.30%) CSS
3 1253 (8.28%) .NET
4 1149 (7.59%) AngularJS
5 1115 (7.37%) Web Services
6 1089 (7.20%) Node.js
7 939 (6.21%) Django
8 722 (4.77%) REST
9 715 (4.73%) React
10 623 (4.12%) HTML5
11 606 (4.00%) RESTful
12 536 (3.54%) Kafka
13 525 (3.47%) Spring
14 480 (3.17%) jQuery
15 438 (2.89%) Natural Language Processing
15 438 (2.89%) XML
16 432 (2.85%) Flask
17 376 (2.48%) JSON
18 360 (2.38%) LAMP
19 358 (2.37%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 2373 (15.68%) Computer Science
2 1345 (8.89%) Analytical Skills
3 1342 (8.87%) Algorithms
4 734 (4.85%) Fintech
5 509 (3.36%) Greenfield Project
6 448 (2.96%) User Experience
7 356 (2.35%) Data Centre
8 329 (2.17%) Mobile App
9 303 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
10 292 (1.93%) Public Cloud
11 282 (1.86%) Data Structures
12 266 (1.76%) Derivative
13 252 (1.67%) Hedge funds
14 218 (1.44%) Management Information System
15 208 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 203 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
17 179 (1.18%) Equities
18 166 (1.10%) Robotics
19 156 (1.03%) Private Cloud
20 143 (0.95%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 5664 (37.43%) Linux
2 1929 (12.75%) Windows
3 1760 (11.63%) Unix
4 632 (4.18%) CentOS
5 602 (3.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 448 (2.96%) Ubuntu
7 371 (2.45%) Android
8 290 (1.92%) Apple iOS
9 242 (1.60%) Debian
10 210 (1.39%) Windows Server
11 146 (0.96%) Solaris
12 90 (0.59%) CoreOS
13 83 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
14 72 (0.48%) Mac OS X
15 68 (0.45%) AIX
16 61 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
17 50 (0.33%) Mac OS
18 48 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
19 46 (0.30%) Windows 7
20 35 (0.23%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 5269 (34.82%) Agile Software Development
2 3489 (23.06%) DevOps
3 2925 (19.33%) Software Engineering
4 2203 (14.56%) Machine Learning
5 2053 (13.57%) Analytics
6 1832 (12.11%) Continuous Integration
7 1685 (11.14%) Test Automation
8 1662 (10.98%) Mathematics
9 1605 (10.61%) TDD
10 1589 (10.50%) Open Source
11 1439 (9.51%) Scrum
12 1335 (8.82%) Configuration Management
13 1192 (7.88%) OO
14 992 (6.56%) Business Intelligence
15 865 (5.72%) SDLC
16 862 (5.70%) BDD
17 820 (5.42%) Microservices
18 806 (5.33%) Mentoring
19 770 (5.09%) Physics
20 708 (4.68%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6512 (43.03%) Java
2 4064 (26.86%) SQL
3 3424 (22.63%) C++
4 3259 (21.54%) JavaScript
5 2878 (19.02%) Ruby
6 2630 (17.38%) C#
7 2512 (16.60%) Bash Shell
8 2334 (15.42%) Perl
9 1576 (10.42%) R
10 1563 (10.33%) PHP
11 1508 (9.97%) C
12 1292 (8.54%) Scala
13 960 (6.34%) PowerShell
14 821 (5.43%) Shell Script
15 791 (5.23%) Go
16 604 (3.99%) MATLAB
17 244 (1.61%) PL/SQL
18 235 (1.55%) Groovy
19 231 (1.53%) T-SQL
20 183 (1.21%) VBA
Qualifications
1 3031 (20.03%) Degree
2 962 (6.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 881 (5.82%) PhD
4 512 (3.38%) Security Cleared
5 249 (1.65%) SC Cleared
6 199 (1.32%) Cisco Certification
7 192 (1.27%) Numerate Degree
8 176 (1.16%) Master's Degree
9 166 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 139 (0.92%) CCNP
11 138 (0.91%) CISSP
12 91 (0.60%) ISTQB
13 86 (0.57%) CCNA
14 83 (0.55%) AWS Certification
15 79 (0.52%) ISEB
16 74 (0.49%) GIAC
17 69 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
18 68 (0.45%) RHCE
19 56 (0.37%) CISM
20 53 (0.35%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 880 (5.82%) QA
2 125 (0.83%) Data Quality
3 122 (0.81%) GCP
4 80 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 74 (0.49%) SLA
6 63 (0.42%) PCI DSS
7 36 (0.24%) GDPR
8 23 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
9 17 (0.11%) GPG13
10 14 (0.093%) IFRS
10 14 (0.093%) IFRS 9
10 14 (0.093%) ISO 9001
11 12 (0.079%) HIPAA
12 10 (0.066%) COBIT
12 10 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 9 (0.059%) PMO
14 8 (0.053%) SEPA
15 7 (0.046%) Disclosure Scotland
15 7 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 6 (0.040%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 2301 (15.21%) Docker
2 490 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 247 (1.63%) Active Directory
4 192 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
5 165 (1.09%) Hyper-V
6 151 (1.00%) vSphere
7 139 (0.92%) Firmware
8 108 (0.71%) Xen
9 106 (0.70%) KVM
10 97 (0.64%) HDFS
11 90 (0.59%) Apache Flume
12 81 (0.54%) NFS
13 78 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
14 69 (0.46%) XenServer
15 61 (0.40%) iptables
16 60 (0.40%) Varnish
17 40 (0.26%) LXC
18 36 (0.24%) Snort
19 30 (0.20%) VirtualBox
20 29 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 2213 (14.62%) Puppet
2 2105 (13.91%) Ansible
3 1821 (12.03%) Opscode Chef
4 1026 (6.78%) Kubernetes
5 680 (4.49%) Terraform
6 415 (2.74%) Nagios
7 239 (1.58%) Salt
8 177 (1.17%) Packer
9 155 (1.02%) Kibana
10 143 (0.95%) Grafana
11 126 (0.83%) Mesos
12 125 (0.83%) logstash
13 123 (0.81%) Cobbler
14 118 (0.78%) ZABBIX
15 101 (0.67%) HAProxy
16 99 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
17 74 (0.49%) Tivoli
18 73 (0.48%) Prometheus
19 71 (0.47%) Graphite
20 64 (0.42%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 1126 (7.44%) Oracle
2 922 (6.09%) Microsoft
3 877 (5.80%) Google
4 815 (5.39%) Red Hat
5 700 (4.63%) VMware
6 532 (3.52%) Tableau
7 420 (2.78%) SAP
8 364 (2.41%) Cisco
9 325 (2.15%) Splunk
10 182 (1.20%) SaltStack
11 181 (1.20%) IBM
12 175 (1.16%) HP
13 149 (0.98%) Atlassian
14 137 (0.91%) Cloudera
15 125 (0.83%) Juniper
16 116 (0.77%) TIBCO
17 114 (0.75%) Hortonworks
18 106 (0.70%) New Relic
19 103 (0.68%) Adobe
19 103 (0.68%) Palo Alto