Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 14 18
Rank change year-on-year +4 +4 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,438 15,169 16,304
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.44% 11.32% 10.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.11% 21.05% 18.30%
Number of salaries quoted 8,289 12,788 13,836
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.84% +3.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,250 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.50% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,315 72,054 89,070
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.13% 53.77% 55.25%
Number of salaries quoted 27,681 59,394 74,148
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 7,853 £65,000 +4.00% 1,806
London +2 4,810 £75,000 +3.45% 881
UK excluding London +5 3,401 £53,250 +6.50% 1,043
Work from Home +4 1,202 £62,500 -7.41% 334
South East +4 890 £55,000 +4.76% 256
North of England +11 848 £55,000 +4.76% 291
South West -1 509 £50,500 +1.00% 116
Midlands +29 411 £50,000 - 94
North West +15 410 £55,000 - 162
Yorkshire +6 373 £55,000 +10.00% 93
West Midlands +23 309 £52,000 +4.00% 64
Scotland +1 298 £50,000 +11.11% 92
East of England +6 293 £55,000 +4.76% 162
East Midlands +21 99 £47,500 -2.56% 29
Wales +6 90 £50,000 +11.11% 19
North East +10 65 £47,500 +5.56% 36
Northern Ireland +6 65 £52,500 +16.67% 13
Channel Islands +3 1 £40,000 -33.33%
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,388 (40.15%) AWS
2 2,789 (33.05%) Java
3 2,717 (32.20%) Agile Software Development
4 2,449 (29.02%) DevOps
5 2,434 (28.85%) SQL
6 2,122 (25.15%) JavaScript
7 2,026 (24.01%) Finance
8 1,988 (23.56%) Linux
9 1,961 (23.24%) Docker
10 1,899 (22.51%) Azure
11 1,835 (21.75%) Software Engineering
12 1,596 (18.91%) Kubernetes
13 1,274 (15.10%) GCP
14 1,270 (15.05%) C#
15 1,158 (13.72%) Terraform
16 1,094 (12.97%) Jenkins
17 1,075 (12.74%) C++
18 1,070 (12.68%) Machine Learning
19 1,064 (12.61%) Analytics
20 1,058 (12.54%) Degree
21 1,042 (12.35%) Ansible
22 998 (11.83%) Git (software)
23 930 (11.02%) Node.js
24 926 (10.97%) Microservices
25 924 (10.95%) React
26 884 (10.48%) Web Services
27 879 (10.42%) Data Science
28 851 (10.09%) Go
29 827 (9.80%) Bash Shell
30 819 (9.71%) Computer Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 520 (6.16%) Apache Spark
2 358 (4.24%) Apache
3 319 (3.78%) Elasticsearch
4 194 (2.30%) Confluence
5 108 (1.28%) SAS
6 78 (0.92%) Apache Airflow
6 78 (0.92%) nginx
7 40 (0.47%) OpenStack
8 39 (0.46%) IIS
8 39 (0.46%) Jupyter
9 38 (0.45%) JBoss
10 37 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
11 36 (0.43%) Tomcat
12 35 (0.41%) CMS
12 35 (0.41%) Skype for Business
13 30 (0.36%) SharePoint
13 30 (0.36%) WebSphere
14 29 (0.34%) WebLogic
15 22 (0.26%) Tornado
16 21 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 133 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 53 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.14%) Simulink
6 11 (0.13%) SPSS
7 10 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 9 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.095%) Maya
10 6 (0.071%) Photoshop
10 6 (0.071%) Sketch
11 4 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.047%) Blender
11 4 (0.047%) Figma
12 3 (0.036%) OrCAD
12 3 (0.036%) SPSS Modeler
13 2 (0.024%) Adobe XD
13 2 (0.024%) GNU Octave
13 2 (0.024%) Inkscape
13 2 (0.024%) InVision
Business Applications
1 86 (1.02%) Markit EDM
2 84 (1.00%) Eagle PACE
3 60 (0.71%) PolarLake
4 23 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 18 (0.21%) Magento
6 11 (0.13%) Odoo
6 11 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 10 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 8 (0.095%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.095%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 8 (0.095%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.083%) Shopify
10 5 (0.059%) JDE OneWorld
10 5 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.047%) Front Arena
11 4 (0.047%) MoSes
12 3 (0.036%) Actimize
12 3 (0.036%) SAP Business One
12 3 (0.036%) WebTrends
13 2 (0.024%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,388 (40.15%) AWS
2 1,899 (22.51%) Azure
3 1,274 (15.10%) GCP
4 783 (9.28%) Serverless
5 612 (7.25%) AWS Lambda
6 446 (5.29%) SaaS
7 433 (5.13%) Power Platform
8 359 (4.25%) Amazon S3
9 328 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 317 (3.76%) GitHub
11 315 (3.73%) Amazon EC2
12 258 (3.06%) PaaS
13 241 (2.86%) IaaS
14 190 (2.25%) Amazon ECS
15 166 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
16 133 (1.58%) Amazon Kinesis
17 118 (1.40%) Amazon EKS
18 115 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
19 110 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 103 (1.22%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 255 (3.02%) Firewall
2 228 (2.70%) DNS
3 211 (2.50%) TCP/IP
4 154 (1.83%) Internet
5 150 (1.78%) HTTP
6 112 (1.33%) VPN
7 105 (1.24%) Wireless
8 99 (1.17%) BGP
9 98 (1.16%) Network Security
10 93 (1.10%) OSPF
11 73 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
12 69 (0.82%) WAN
13 67 (0.79%) MPLS
13 67 (0.79%) SNMP
14 66 (0.78%) DHCP
15 65 (0.77%) Skype
16 62 (0.73%) LAN
17 55 (0.65%) Wireshark
18 52 (0.62%) VoIP
19 49 (0.58%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 786 (9.32%) PostgreSQL
2 710 (8.41%) Big Data
3 701 (8.31%) NoSQL
4 616 (7.30%) SQL Server
5 535 (6.34%) MySQL
6 445 (5.27%) MongoDB
7 440 (5.21%) Data Warehouse
8 399 (4.73%) Hadoop
9 389 (4.61%) Power BI
10 372 (4.41%) Relational Database
11 296 (3.51%) Data Lake
12 285 (3.38%) Tableau
13 265 (3.14%) Amazon Redshift
14 249 (2.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 212 (2.51%) Redis
16 163 (1.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 157 (1.86%) BigQuery
18 145 (1.72%) Apache Hive
19 143 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
20 124 (1.47%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 1,094 (12.97%) Jenkins
2 998 (11.83%) Git (software)
3 445 (5.27%) JIRA
4 362 (4.29%) GitLab
5 301 (3.57%) Selenium
6 159 (1.88%) TeamCity
7 150 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 145 (1.72%) Cucumber
9 124 (1.47%) Artifactory
9 124 (1.47%) Subversion
10 111 (1.32%) Bitbucket
11 98 (1.16%) Maven
12 91 (1.08%) Sonatype Nexus
13 77 (0.91%) Visual Studio
14 75 (0.89%) Appium
15 74 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
16 69 (0.82%) Gradle
17 66 (0.78%) Octopus Deploy
18 61 (0.72%) CircleCI
19 59 (0.70%) WebDriver
General
1 2,026 (24.01%) Finance
2 629 (7.45%) Front Office
3 522 (6.19%) Banking
4 253 (3.00%) Games
5 248 (2.94%) Public Sector
6 227 (2.69%) Marketing
7 207 (2.45%) Retail
8 185 (2.19%) Law
9 176 (2.09%) Back Office
10 166 (1.97%) Investment Banking
11 159 (1.88%) Telecoms
12 125 (1.48%) Electronics
13 124 (1.47%) Advertising
14 103 (1.22%) Manufacturing
15 47 (0.56%) Financial Institution
16 41 (0.49%) Aerospace
17 37 (0.44%) Legal
18 35 (0.41%) Publishing
19 33 (0.39%) Automotive
20 19 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,615 (30.99%) Developer
2 1,180 (13.98%) Python Developer
3 1,040 (12.33%) Software Engineer
4 995 (11.79%) DevOps Engineer
5 820 (9.72%) Python Engineer
6 689 (8.17%) Data Engineer
7 522 (6.19%) Senior Developer
8 493 (5.84%) AWS Engineer
9 415 (4.92%) Analyst
10 357 (4.23%) Architect
11 329 (3.90%) Python Software Engineer
12 327 (3.88%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 322 (3.82%) Data Scientist
14 302 (3.58%) Software Developer
15 294 (3.48%) Full Stack Developer
16 278 (3.29%) AWS DevOps
17 273 (3.24%) Java Developer
18 257 (3.05%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 251 (2.97%) Senior Python Developer
20 224 (2.65%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 930 (11.02%) Node.js
2 924 (10.95%) React
3 884 (10.48%) Web Services
4 779 (9.23%) AngularJS
5 657 (7.79%) Django
6 641 (7.60%) .NET
7 553 (6.55%) Kafka
8 539 (6.39%) HTML
9 509 (6.03%) Vue.js
10 422 (5.00%) CSS
11 400 (4.74%) Flask
12 399 (4.73%) REST
13 301 (3.57%) RESTful
14 235 (2.79%) Pandas
15 229 (2.71%) Spring
16 224 (2.65%) NumPy
17 204 (2.42%) Natural Language Processing
17 204 (2.42%) RabbitMQ
18 197 (2.33%) .NET Core
19 183 (2.17%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 659 (7.81%) Hedge funds
2 527 (6.25%) Fixed Income
3 526 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
4 499 (5.91%) Derivative
5 455 (5.39%) Equities
6 443 (5.25%) Algorithms
7 433 (5.13%) Greenfield Project
8 310 (3.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 214 (2.54%) Data Structures
9 214 (2.54%) Mobile App
10 205 (2.43%) Cloud Native
10 205 (2.43%) Public Cloud
11 160 (1.90%) Management Information System
12 145 (1.72%) User Experience
13 132 (1.56%) Data Centre
14 113 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
15 112 (1.33%) Blog
16 95 (1.13%) Reference Data
17 89 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
18 83 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 1,988 (23.56%) Linux
2 597 (7.08%) Windows
3 438 (5.19%) Unix
4 224 (2.65%) CentOS
5 213 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 129 (1.53%) Android
7 111 (1.32%) Windows Server
8 110 (1.30%) Ubuntu
9 85 (1.01%) Apple iOS
10 47 (0.56%) Mac OS X
11 40 (0.47%) Debian
12 30 (0.36%) Windows 10
13 28 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 25 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
15 19 (0.23%) Fedora
16 18 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
17 17 (0.20%) VMS
18 15 (0.18%) Solaris
19 12 (0.14%) Mesosphere
20 11 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,717 (32.20%) Agile Software Development
2 2,449 (29.02%) DevOps
3 1,835 (21.75%) Software Engineering
4 1,070 (12.68%) Machine Learning
5 1,064 (12.61%) Analytics
6 926 (10.97%) Microservices
7 879 (10.42%) Data Science
8 819 (9.71%) Computer Science
9 782 (9.27%) Fintech
10 765 (9.07%) TDD
11 751 (8.90%) Test Automation
12 660 (7.82%) Artificial Intelligence
12 660 (7.82%) Asset Management
13 651 (7.72%) Problem-Solving
14 645 (7.64%) Continuous Integration
15 604 (7.16%) Scrum
16 592 (7.02%) Business Intelligence
17 570 (6.76%) Mentoring
18 540 (6.40%) Configuration Management
19 535 (6.34%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,789 (33.05%) Java
2 2,434 (28.85%) SQL
3 2,122 (25.15%) JavaScript
4 1,270 (15.05%) C#
5 1,075 (12.74%) C++
6 851 (10.09%) Go
7 827 (9.80%) Bash Shell
8 687 (8.14%) R
9 672 (7.96%) Ruby
10 659 (7.81%) PowerShell
11 474 (5.62%) C
12 466 (5.52%) Scala
13 434 (5.14%) PHP
14 410 (4.86%) Perl
15 346 (4.10%) TypeScript
16 289 (3.42%) Kotlin
17 284 (3.37%) Shell Script
18 110 (1.30%) MATLAB
19 100 (1.19%) Groovy
19 100 (1.19%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,058 (12.54%) Degree
2 356 (4.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 348 (4.12%) Security Cleared
4 237 (2.81%) SC Cleared
5 219 (2.60%) PhD
6 130 (1.54%) AWS Certification
7 109 (1.29%) DV Cleared
8 101 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
9 93 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
10 71 (0.84%) Master's Degree
11 68 (0.81%) ISTQB
12 66 (0.78%) CCNP
13 48 (0.57%) Sun Certification
14 46 (0.55%) CISSP
15 43 (0.51%) CCIE
16 38 (0.45%) ISEB
17 37 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
18 33 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
19 32 (0.38%) CCNA
20 27 (0.32%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 345 (4.09%) QA
2 73 (0.87%) Data Quality
3 66 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 61 (0.72%) NIST
5 56 (0.66%) SLA
6 54 (0.64%) GDPR
7 27 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 27 (0.32%) PMO
8 15 (0.18%) MiFID
8 15 (0.18%) NIST 800
9 11 (0.13%) EMIR
10 10 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
10 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 6 (0.071%) COBIT
11 6 (0.071%) ISO 22301
11 6 (0.071%) ISO 26262
11 6 (0.071%) ISO 9001
11 6 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.071%) WCAG
12 5 (0.059%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,961 (23.24%) Docker
2 175 (2.07%) Active Directory
3 169 (2.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (0.70%) HDFS
4 59 (0.70%) Hyper-V
5 50 (0.59%) Firmware
6 37 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (0.25%) Xen
8 20 (0.24%) KVM
9 18 (0.21%) VirtualBox
10 17 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 13 (0.15%) Ceph
11 13 (0.15%) vSphere
12 12 (0.14%) BitLocker
12 12 (0.14%) VMware NSX
13 10 (0.12%) GlusterFS
13 10 (0.12%) NFS
13 10 (0.12%) RHEV
14 9 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
15 8 (0.095%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,596 (18.91%) Kubernetes
2 1,158 (13.72%) Terraform
3 1,042 (12.35%) Ansible
4 640 (7.58%) Puppet
5 367 (4.35%) Opscode Chef
6 214 (2.54%) Grafana
7 159 (1.88%) Prometheus
8 105 (1.24%) Nagios
9 51 (0.60%) Graphite
10 46 (0.55%) Kibana
11 45 (0.53%) SCCM
12 42 (0.50%) Packer
13 36 (0.43%) Consul
14 35 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
14 35 (0.41%) Salt
15 31 (0.37%) ZABBIX
16 30 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
17 23 (0.27%) logstash
18 19 (0.23%) Graylog
19 18 (0.21%) Control-M
Vendors
1 599 (7.10%) Google
2 588 (6.97%) Microsoft
3 364 (4.31%) Oracle
4 246 (2.92%) VMware
5 220 (2.61%) Databricks
6 193 (2.29%) Splunk
7 183 (2.17%) Red Hat
8 137 (1.62%) Cisco
9 109 (1.29%) Atlassian
10 108 (1.28%) Bloomberg
11 99 (1.17%) SAP
12 79 (0.94%) IBM
12 79 (0.94%) New Relic
13 76 (0.90%) Cloudera
14 75 (0.89%) ServiceNow
15 73 (0.87%) SaltStack
16 65 (0.77%) Talend
17 64 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
18 62 (0.73%) Informatica
19 61 (0.72%) Palo Alto