Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 11 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 28,599 12,816 11,365
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.41% 13.90% 12.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.74% 25.41% 22.39%
Number of salaries quoted 11,191 9,268 9,246
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,000
25th Percentile £51,500 £48,750 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £112,500 £102,500 £107,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,102 50,443 50,752
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.85% 54.70% 54.99%
Number of salaries quoted 43,793 39,036 42,135
10th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 24,225 £72,000 +10.77% 1,963
London 0 16,325 £80,000 +6.67% 1,026
Work from Home +4 12,226 £70,000 +7.69% 852
UK excluding London +3 8,514 £57,500 +4.55% 1,058
South East +9 2,280 £60,000 +9.09% 223
North of England +2 1,945 £60,000 +4.35% 219
South West +6 1,316 £57,500 +9.52% 157
Midlands +2 1,080 £57,000 +8.57% 139
North West +6 1,045 £60,000 +4.35% 120
East of England +1 918 £55,000 -4.35% 182
Yorkshire -4 815 £57,500 - 68
Scotland 0 702 £60,000 +14.29% 99
West Midlands -1 698 £55,000 -8.33% 82
East Midlands +1 372 £60,000 +20.00% 57
Wales +9 283 £55,000 +15.79% 25
North East +5 86 £60,000 +33.33% 31
Northern Ireland -7 61 £52,500 +10.53% 15
Channel Islands - 12 £51,250 -

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 12,285 (42.96%) AWS
2 11,464 (40.09%) Agile
3 9,635 (33.69%) Software Engineering
4 9,594 (33.55%) Java
5 9,372 (32.77%) SQL
6 8,185 (28.62%) DevOps
7 7,980 (27.90%) CI/CD
8 7,923 (27.70%) JavaScript
9 7,532 (26.34%) Azure
10 7,213 (25.22%) Finance
11 7,068 (24.71%) Docker
12 6,978 (24.40%) Kubernetes
13 6,062 (21.20%) GCP
14 5,981 (20.91%) Social Skills
15 5,877 (20.55%) Analytics
16 5,671 (19.83%) Data Science
17 5,666 (19.81%) Linux
18 4,913 (17.18%) React
19 4,777 (16.70%) Terraform
20 4,742 (16.58%) Machine Learning
21 4,733 (16.55%) Degree
22 4,430 (15.49%) Git (software)
23 4,237 (14.82%) C#
24 4,124 (14.42%) Problem-Solving
25 4,006 (14.01%) Computer Science
26 3,870 (13.53%) Test Automation
27 3,743 (13.09%) PostgreSQL
28 3,712 (12.98%) Microservices
29 3,637 (12.72%) Mentoring
30 3,630 (12.69%) Artificial Intelligence

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2,124 (7.43%) Apache Spark
2 1,307 (4.57%) Apache
3 1,162 (4.06%) Elasticsearch
4 1,149 (4.02%) Apache Airflow
5 654 (2.29%) Confluence
6 285 (1.00%) SAS
7 263 (0.92%) nginx
8 247 (0.86%) Jupyter
9 244 (0.85%) CMS
10 188 (0.66%) OpenStack
11 144 (0.50%) GeoServer
12 131 (0.46%) Luigi
13 116 (0.41%) SharePoint
14 111 (0.39%) Tornado
15 110 (0.38%) Apache Pulsar
16 100 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
17 96 (0.34%) Ethereum
18 88 (0.31%) WordPress
19 85 (0.30%) Tomcat
20 84 (0.29%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 580 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 154 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 141 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 80 (0.28%) Simulink
5 55 (0.19%) SPSS
6 52 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 39 (0.14%) Campfire
8 38 (0.13%) Stata
9 31 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 29 (0.10%) MS Visio
11 20 (0.070%) Maya
12 19 (0.066%) Stateflow
13 10 (0.035%) Revit
13 10 (0.035%) SOLIDWORKS
14 9 (0.031%) AutoCAD
15 8 (0.028%) Photoshop
16 7 (0.024%) Adobe Premiere
16 7 (0.024%) Adobe XD
17 6 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
17 6 (0.021%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 78 (0.27%) Shopify
2 73 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
3 48 (0.17%) Sentinel
4 38 (0.13%) Magento
5 35 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 30 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
7 20 (0.070%) Dynamics CRM
8 19 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
9 17 (0.059%) JDE OneWorld
9 17 (0.059%) Odoo
10 12 (0.042%) Ripple
10 12 (0.042%) Ripple XRP
10 12 (0.042%) thinkFolio
11 10 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
12 8 (0.028%) NetSuite
12 8 (0.028%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 8 (0.028%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 7 (0.024%) Summit
14 6 (0.021%) Adobe Campaign
15 5 (0.017%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 12,285 (42.96%) AWS
2 7,532 (26.34%) Azure
3 6,062 (21.20%) GCP
4 3,179 (11.12%) Serverless
5 1,961 (6.86%) GitHub
6 1,535 (5.37%) AWS Lambda
7 1,474 (5.15%) SaaS
8 1,465 (5.12%) Amazon S3
9 1,440 (5.04%) Power Platform
10 1,384 (4.84%) AWS CloudFormation
11 940 (3.29%) Amazon ECS
12 915 (3.20%) Cloud Computing
13 850 (2.97%) Amazon EC2
14 819 (2.86%) Snowflake
15 569 (1.99%) Amazon SQS
16 556 (1.94%) PaaS
17 547 (1.91%) OpenShift
18 533 (1.86%) Azure Data Factory
19 497 (1.74%) Datadog
20 489 (1.71%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 688 (2.41%) HTTP
2 664 (2.32%) Internet
3 528 (1.85%) Firewall
4 503 (1.76%) DNS
5 381 (1.33%) TCP/IP
6 322 (1.13%) Network Security
7 299 (1.05%) Broadband
8 261 (0.91%) VPN
9 201 (0.70%) WAN
10 171 (0.60%) DHCP
11 165 (0.58%) Wireless
12 162 (0.57%) BGP
13 158 (0.55%) LAN
14 107 (0.37%) MQTT
15 105 (0.37%) Wireshark
16 102 (0.36%) SSL
17 99 (0.35%) MPLS
18 93 (0.33%) SSH
19 92 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
20 85 (0.30%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,743 (13.09%) PostgreSQL
2 2,786 (9.74%) NoSQL
3 2,760 (9.65%) Big Data
4 2,091 (7.31%) MySQL
5 1,890 (6.61%) Data Warehouse
6 1,852 (6.48%) Relational Database
7 1,707 (5.97%) MongoDB
8 1,632 (5.71%) SQL Server
9 1,393 (4.87%) Power BI
10 1,323 (4.63%) Tableau
11 1,230 (4.30%) Data Lake
12 1,200 (4.20%) Hadoop
13 1,136 (3.97%) BigQuery
14 1,009 (3.53%) Redis
15 840 (2.94%) Amazon Redshift
16 790 (2.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 654 (2.29%) Apache Cassandra
18 628 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
19 555 (1.94%) Looker
20 535 (1.87%) Flink
Development Applications
1 4,430 (15.49%) Git (software)
2 3,311 (11.58%) Jenkins
3 1,943 (6.79%) JIRA
4 1,103 (3.86%) GitLab
5 790 (2.76%) Selenium
6 710 (2.48%) CircleCI
7 485 (1.70%) Cypress.io
8 454 (1.59%) Maven
9 432 (1.51%) Bitbucket
10 388 (1.36%) Cucumber
10 388 (1.36%) TeamCity
11 374 (1.31%) Subversion
12 307 (1.07%) Gradle
13 297 (1.04%) Postman
14 284 (0.99%) webpack
15 283 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
16 260 (0.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 232 (0.81%) Travis CI
18 216 (0.76%) Ant
19 212 (0.74%) JUnit
General
1 7,213 (25.22%) Finance
2 5,981 (20.91%) Social Skills
3 3,235 (11.31%) Analytical Skills
4 2,152 (7.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,743 (6.09%) Marketing
6 1,535 (5.37%) Banking
7 1,522 (5.32%) Retail
8 1,479 (5.17%) Games
9 960 (3.36%) Manufacturing
10 937 (3.28%) Public Sector
11 780 (2.73%) Advertising
12 740 (2.59%) Front Office
13 599 (2.09%) Law
14 589 (2.06%) Legal
15 544 (1.90%) Automotive
16 515 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
17 471 (1.65%) Telecoms
18 436 (1.52%) Electronics
19 339 (1.19%) Organisational Skills
20 325 (1.14%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,195 (21.66%) Developer
2 5,603 (19.59%) Software Engineer
3 3,120 (10.91%) Data Engineer
4 2,583 (9.03%) DevOps Engineer
5 1,987 (6.95%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,675 (5.86%) Analyst
7 1,542 (5.39%) Python Developer
8 1,324 (4.63%) Software Developer
9 1,272 (4.45%) Senior Developer
10 1,197 (4.19%) Python Engineer
11 1,149 (4.02%) Data Scientist
12 1,117 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
13 1,008 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
14 860 (3.01%) Senior Data Engineer
15 816 (2.85%) AWS Engineer
16 790 (2.76%) Architect
17 692 (2.42%) Senior DevOps
18 663 (2.32%) Data Analyst
19 635 (2.22%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 620 (2.17%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,913 (17.18%) React
2 3,049 (10.66%) Node.js
3 2,816 (9.85%) CSS
4 2,792 (9.76%) HTML
5 2,391 (8.36%) Kafka
6 2,358 (8.25%) .NET
7 2,077 (7.26%) REST
8 1,893 (6.62%) AngularJS
9 1,891 (6.61%) Django
10 1,597 (5.58%) RESTful
11 1,276 (4.46%) Vue.js
12 1,226 (4.29%) HTML5
13 1,185 (4.14%) GraphQL
14 1,006 (3.52%) CSS3
15 946 (3.31%) Pandas
16 858 (3.00%) Flask
17 831 (2.91%) Web Services
18 824 (2.88%) Spring
19 725 (2.54%) TensorFlow
20 677 (2.37%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 2,944 (10.29%) Algorithms
2 2,215 (7.75%) Data Structures
3 1,579 (5.52%) Cloud Native
4 1,476 (5.16%) User Experience
5 1,139 (3.98%) Public Cloud
6 1,086 (3.80%) Self-Motivation
7 990 (3.46%) Mobile App
8 788 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
9 715 (2.50%) Equities
10 708 (2.48%) Hedge funds
11 694 (2.43%) Life Science
12 658 (2.30%) Derivative
13 624 (2.18%) Linux Command Line
14 566 (1.98%) IoT
15 559 (1.95%) Management Information System
16 534 (1.87%) Fixed Income
17 513 (1.79%) Blog
18 512 (1.79%) Virtual Team
19 479 (1.67%) Cyberattack
20 393 (1.37%) Blockchain
Operating Systems
1 5,666 (19.81%) Linux
2 1,757 (6.14%) Windows
3 1,381 (4.83%) Unix
4 505 (1.77%) Android
5 426 (1.49%) Apple iOS
6 409 (1.43%) Ubuntu
7 360 (1.26%) CentOS
8 325 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 248 (0.87%) Windows Server
10 141 (0.49%) Mac OS
11 125 (0.44%) Mesosphere
12 103 (0.36%) Embedded Linux
13 97 (0.34%) Debian
14 69 (0.24%) Windows 10
15 62 (0.22%) VMS
16 38 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
17 36 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 36 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
18 34 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
18 34 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,464 (40.09%) Agile
2 9,635 (33.69%) Software Engineering
3 8,185 (28.62%) DevOps
4 7,980 (27.90%) CI/CD
5 5,877 (20.55%) Analytics
6 5,671 (19.83%) Data Science
7 4,742 (16.58%) Machine Learning
8 4,124 (14.42%) Problem-Solving
9 4,006 (14.01%) Computer Science
10 3,870 (13.53%) Test Automation
11 3,712 (12.98%) Microservices
12 3,637 (12.72%) Mentoring
13 3,630 (12.69%) Artificial Intelligence
14 3,521 (12.31%) Full Stack Development
15 3,273 (11.44%) TDD
16 3,016 (10.55%) Scrum
17 2,881 (10.07%) Infrastructure as Code
18 2,739 (9.58%) Continuous Integration
19 2,683 (9.38%) Data Engineering
20 2,314 (8.09%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 9,594 (33.55%) Java
2 9,372 (32.77%) SQL
3 7,923 (27.70%) JavaScript
4 4,237 (14.82%) C#
5 3,298 (11.53%) C++
6 3,276 (11.45%) Go
7 3,030 (10.59%) Bash
8 2,810 (9.83%) TypeScript
9 2,207 (7.72%) Ruby
10 2,135 (7.47%) PowerShell
11 2,035 (7.12%) R
12 1,870 (6.54%) C
13 1,833 (6.41%) Scala
14 1,477 (5.16%) PHP
15 1,064 (3.72%) Perl
16 1,030 (3.60%) Shell Script
17 910 (3.18%) Kotlin
18 640 (2.24%) MATLAB
19 478 (1.67%) Groovy
20 437 (1.53%) Rust
Qualifications
1 4,733 (16.55%) Degree
2 1,852 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,286 (4.50%) Security Cleared
4 894 (3.13%) SC Cleared
5 843 (2.95%) PhD
6 581 (2.03%) Master's Degree
7 554 (1.94%) Oracle Certification
8 549 (1.92%) OCP
9 541 (1.89%) CIW
9 541 (1.89%) OCA
10 350 (1.22%) AWS Certification
11 296 (1.04%) Cisco Certification
12 230 (0.80%) ISTQB
13 229 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
14 172 (0.60%) DV Cleared
15 156 (0.55%) CISSP
16 129 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 104 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 104 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
18 95 (0.33%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,906 (6.66%) QA
2 769 (2.69%) Data Quality
3 433 (1.51%) Accessibility
4 286 (1.00%) GDPR
5 185 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 141 (0.49%) SLA
7 104 (0.36%) NIST
8 92 (0.32%) PCI DSS
9 83 (0.29%) Actionable Recommendations
10 42 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
10 42 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 41 (0.14%) MISRA
12 38 (0.13%) HIPAA
13 36 (0.13%) WCAG
14 35 (0.12%) ISO 26262
14 35 (0.12%) SOC 2
15 34 (0.12%) IASME
16 32 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 28 (0.098%) CDISC
18 26 (0.091%) IFRS
System Software
1 7,068 (24.71%) Docker
2 412 (1.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 382 (1.34%) Active Directory
4 261 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 242 (0.85%) Firmware
6 90 (0.31%) Hyper-V
7 74 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 62 (0.22%) KVM
9 59 (0.21%) vSphere
10 57 (0.20%) LXC
11 56 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
12 54 (0.19%) HDFS
13 40 (0.14%) Xen
14 39 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 35 (0.12%) iptables
16 31 (0.11%) VMware NSX
17 29 (0.10%) zsh
18 27 (0.094%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 23 (0.080%) Virtual Servers
20 18 (0.063%) Snort
Systems Management
1 6,978 (24.40%) Kubernetes
2 4,777 (16.70%) Terraform
3 2,816 (9.85%) Ansible
4 1,409 (4.93%) Puppet
5 1,121 (3.92%) Opscode Chef
6 728 (2.55%) Prometheus
7 620 (2.17%) Grafana
8 329 (1.15%) Kibana
9 225 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
10 214 (0.75%) Consul
11 211 (0.74%) logstash
12 182 (0.64%) Istio
13 169 (0.59%) Packer
14 153 (0.53%) ZABBIX
15 124 (0.43%) Automic
16 121 (0.42%) Nagios
17 115 (0.40%) HAProxy
18 98 (0.34%) Rancher
19 69 (0.24%) Kubeflow
20 63 (0.22%) Graylog
Vendors
1 3,325 (11.63%) Google
2 2,523 (8.82%) Microsoft
3 1,740 (6.08%) Oracle
4 960 (3.36%) Databricks
5 628 (2.20%) Splunk
6 501 (1.75%) VMware
7 416 (1.45%) Red Hat
8 351 (1.23%) Twitter
9 302 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
10 272 (0.95%) Cisco
11 265 (0.93%) New Relic
12 238 (0.83%) IBM
13 203 (0.71%) Facebook
14 193 (0.67%) Atlassian
15 192 (0.67%) SAP
16 184 (0.64%) SaltStack
17 157 (0.55%) Sun
18 156 (0.55%) Alteryx
19 142 (0.50%) AppDynamics
20 140 (0.49%) F5