Period
to 28 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 28 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 14 17 22
Rank change year-on-year +3 +5 +7
Permanent jobs citing Python 14,226 16,057 14,743
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.32% 10.63% 8.57%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.93% 19.36% 15.41%
Number of salaries quoted 11,504 13,089 12,201
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,956 82,938 95,690
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.09% 54.91% 55.60%
Number of salaries quoted 56,122 68,580 80,115
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 13,347 £64,000 +6.67% 2,843
London +1 8,050 £72,500 +3.57% 1,415
UK excluding London +1 5,950 £50,000 - 1,593
South East +1 1,945 £52,500 +5.00% 413
North of England +2 1,111 £52,500 +5.00% 315
South West +2 996 £48,500 +2.11% 236
East of England +3 613 £55,000 +4.76% 275
North West -2 558 £55,000 - 143
Midlands +15 556 £50,000 +11.11% 190
Scotland -1 486 £47,500 - 109
Yorkshire +10 473 £50,000 +4.17% 130
West Midlands +25 402 £50,000 +5.26% 119
Wales +12 181 £45,000 -6.25% 47
East Midlands -16 152 £47,500 +11.76% 70
North East -6 80 £45,000 - 42
Northern Ireland -1 72 £40,000 -13.51% 9
Channel Islands +4 1 £60,000 +14.29% 1

For the 6 months to 28 January 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 4,924 (34.61%) Java
2 4,899 (34.44%) AWS
3 4,835 (33.99%) Agile Software Development
4 4,128 (29.02%) SQL
5 3,924 (27.58%) Linux
6 3,621 (25.45%) DevOps
7 3,502 (24.62%) Finance
8 3,347 (23.53%) Software Engineering
9 3,214 (22.59%) JavaScript
10 3,043 (21.39%) Docker
11 2,538 (17.84%) Azure
12 2,513 (17.66%) C#
13 2,426 (17.05%) C++
14 2,262 (15.90%) Analytics
15 2,239 (15.74%) Kubernetes
16 2,221 (15.61%) Degree
17 2,042 (14.35%) Data Science
18 2,007 (14.11%) Ansible
19 1,951 (13.71%) Machine Learning
20 1,939 (13.63%) Git (software)
21 1,873 (13.17%) Jenkins
22 1,867 (13.12%) Bash Shell
23 1,706 (11.99%) R
24 1,644 (11.56%) GCP
25 1,637 (11.51%) Terraform
25 1,637 (11.51%) Computer Science
26 1,520 (10.68%) Windows
27 1,509 (10.61%) Big Data
28 1,503 (10.57%) Test Automation
29 1,502 (10.56%) Ruby

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,069 (7.51%) Apache Spark
2 531 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 440 (3.09%) Apache
4 357 (2.51%) Confluence
5 272 (1.91%) SAS
6 184 (1.29%) nginx
7 166 (1.17%) Apache Airflow
8 155 (1.09%) Tomcat
9 138 (0.97%) OpenStack
10 135 (0.95%) IIS
11 107 (0.75%) WebSphere
12 103 (0.72%) Jupyter
13 90 (0.63%) JBoss
14 83 (0.58%) CMS
15 57 (0.40%) ArcGIS
15 57 (0.40%) SharePoint
16 51 (0.36%) Luigi
17 46 (0.32%) WordPress
18 45 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
19 43 (0.30%) GeoServer
Applications
1 240 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 119 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 79 (0.56%) SPSS
4 27 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 21 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 21 (0.15%) Simulink
6 18 (0.13%) Adobe XD
6 18 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 18 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.084%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.063%) Stata
9 8 (0.056%) GNU Octave
9 8 (0.056%) NUKE
10 7 (0.049%) Maya
10 7 (0.049%) Stateflow
11 4 (0.028%) 3ds Max
11 4 (0.028%) Houdini
12 3 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.021%) CPLEX
12 3 (0.021%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 98 (0.69%) FINCAD Analytics
2 80 (0.56%) PolarLake
3 76 (0.53%) Eagle PACE
3 76 (0.53%) Markit EDM
4 49 (0.34%) thinkFolio
5 29 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 29 (0.20%) LatentZero
6 27 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 17 (0.12%) R3 Corda
8 12 (0.084%) Dynamics CRM
8 12 (0.084%) Relativity
9 9 (0.063%) SAP ERP
10 8 (0.056%) Odoo
11 7 (0.049%) FastStats
11 7 (0.049%) Magento
12 5 (0.035%) MetaTrader
12 5 (0.035%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 5 (0.035%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 5 (0.035%) Teamcenter
13 3 (0.021%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 4,899 (34.44%) AWS
2 2,538 (17.84%) Azure
3 1,644 (11.56%) GCP
4 687 (4.83%) Serverless
5 589 (4.14%) Amazon S3
6 573 (4.03%) SaaS
7 506 (3.56%) AWS Lambda
8 478 (3.36%) Power Platform
9 475 (3.34%) AWS CloudFormation
10 408 (2.87%) GitHub
11 388 (2.73%) Amazon EC2
12 294 (2.07%) OpenShift
13 270 (1.90%) PaaS
14 265 (1.86%) Amazon SQS
15 254 (1.79%) Amazon ECS
16 198 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
17 189 (1.33%) IaaS
18 162 (1.14%) Amazon Kinesis
19 153 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 146 (1.03%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 445 (3.13%) TCP/IP
2 403 (2.83%) Firewall
3 400 (2.81%) DNS
4 293 (2.06%) HTTP
5 261 (1.83%) Internet
6 163 (1.15%) VPN
7 152 (1.07%) DHCP
8 111 (0.78%) Wireless
9 102 (0.72%) WAN
10 91 (0.64%) LAN
11 89 (0.63%) Wireshark
12 83 (0.58%) SSL
13 80 (0.56%) Network Security
14 77 (0.54%) BGP
15 67 (0.47%) SAN
15 67 (0.47%) SMTP
16 62 (0.44%) SSH
17 55 (0.39%) OSPF
18 51 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
19 46 (0.32%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,509 (10.61%) Big Data
2 1,231 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
3 948 (6.66%) SQL Server
4 939 (6.60%) Hadoop
5 914 (6.42%) MySQL
6 899 (6.32%) NoSQL
7 702 (4.93%) Data Warehouse
8 682 (4.79%) Relational Database
9 538 (3.78%) MongoDB
10 469 (3.30%) Power BI
11 414 (2.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 404 (2.84%) Amazon Redshift
13 373 (2.62%) Amazon RDS
14 330 (2.32%) Apache Hive
15 329 (2.31%) Amazon Athena
16 306 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 288 (2.02%) Redis
18 220 (1.55%) BigQuery
19 213 (1.50%) Data Lake
20 203 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,939 (13.63%) Git (software)
2 1,873 (13.17%) Jenkins
3 907 (6.38%) JIRA
4 560 (3.94%) Selenium
5 401 (2.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 291 (2.05%) Bitbucket
7 290 (2.04%) TeamCity
8 287 (2.02%) GitLab
9 258 (1.81%) Subversion
10 243 (1.71%) Cucumber
11 210 (1.48%) Maven
12 191 (1.34%) WebDriver
13 187 (1.31%) Artifactory
14 171 (1.20%) Vagrant
15 168 (1.18%) Visual Studio
16 159 (1.12%) JUnit
17 154 (1.08%) JMeter
18 151 (1.06%) RStudio
19 143 (1.01%) webpack
20 138 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 3,502 (24.62%) Finance
2 989 (6.95%) Front Office
3 799 (5.62%) Banking
4 662 (4.65%) Marketing
5 534 (3.75%) Retail
6 343 (2.41%) Telecoms
7 326 (2.29%) Electronics
8 306 (2.15%) Games
9 295 (2.07%) Public Sector
10 261 (1.83%) Manufacturing
11 210 (1.48%) Automotive
12 181 (1.27%) Advertising
13 176 (1.24%) Law
14 156 (1.10%) Back Office
15 148 (1.04%) Legal
16 139 (0.98%) Investment Banking
17 127 (0.89%) Financial Institution
18 107 (0.75%) Aerospace
19 69 (0.49%) Publishing
20 67 (0.47%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,225 (29.70%) Developer
2 1,572 (11.05%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,565 (11.00%) Python Developer
4 1,491 (10.48%) Software Engineer
5 959 (6.74%) Data Engineer
6 920 (6.47%) Python Engineer
7 841 (5.91%) Analyst
8 811 (5.70%) Senior Developer
9 724 (5.09%) Data Scientist
10 674 (4.74%) Java Developer
11 661 (4.65%) Software Developer
12 588 (4.13%) AWS Engineer
13 491 (3.45%) Architect
14 451 (3.17%) Junior
15 445 (3.13%) Cloud Engineer
16 393 (2.76%) Consultant
17 353 (2.48%) Python Software Engineer
18 335 (2.35%) Senior Software Engineer
19 329 (2.31%) Full Stack Developer
20 313 (2.20%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,445 (10.16%) Web Services
2 1,245 (8.75%) Node.js
3 1,107 (7.78%) .NET
4 1,078 (7.58%) HTML
5 1,031 (7.25%) React
6 963 (6.77%) CSS
7 961 (6.76%) AngularJS
8 902 (6.34%) Django
9 719 (5.05%) REST
10 648 (4.56%) Kafka
11 600 (4.22%) RESTful
12 444 (3.12%) Flask
13 434 (3.05%) J2EE
14 366 (2.57%) Natural Language Processing
15 365 (2.57%) HTML5
16 355 (2.50%) JSON
17 354 (2.49%) Spring
17 354 (2.49%) TensorFlow
18 351 (2.47%) Pandas
19 302 (2.12%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 1,237 (8.70%) Analytical Skills
2 958 (6.73%) Algorithms
3 835 (5.87%) Fixed Income
4 762 (5.36%) Derivative
5 740 (5.20%) Greenfield Project
6 709 (4.98%) Hedge funds
7 612 (4.30%) Equities
8 420 (2.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 396 (2.78%) Public Cloud
10 391 (2.75%) Data Structures
11 390 (2.74%) User Experience
12 293 (2.06%) Linux Command Line
13 287 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
14 268 (1.88%) Mobile App
15 228 (1.60%) Management Information System
16 206 (1.45%) Data Centre
17 205 (1.44%) Cloud Native
18 168 (1.18%) Blog
19 164 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
20 152 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 3,924 (27.58%) Linux
2 1,520 (10.68%) Windows
3 943 (6.63%) Unix
4 355 (2.50%) CentOS
5 285 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 274 (1.93%) Windows Server
7 216 (1.52%) Android
8 186 (1.31%) Apple iOS
9 180 (1.27%) Ubuntu
10 85 (0.60%) Debian
11 74 (0.52%) Solaris
12 60 (0.42%) Mac OS
13 59 (0.41%) OS/400
14 58 (0.41%) VMS
15 49 (0.34%) Kali Linux
16 42 (0.30%) Fedora
17 41 (0.29%) Mac OS X
18 34 (0.24%) Windows 7
18 34 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
19 33 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,835 (33.99%) Agile Software Development
2 3,621 (25.45%) DevOps
3 3,347 (23.53%) Software Engineering
4 2,262 (15.90%) Analytics
5 2,042 (14.35%) Data Science
6 1,951 (13.71%) Machine Learning
7 1,637 (11.51%) Computer Science
8 1,503 (10.57%) Test Automation
9 1,432 (10.07%) Problem-Solving
10 1,372 (9.64%) Microservices
11 1,329 (9.34%) Continuous Integration
12 1,290 (9.07%) Artificial Intelligence
13 1,215 (8.54%) Business Intelligence
14 1,173 (8.25%) Scrum
15 1,152 (8.10%) Mentoring
16 1,098 (7.72%) Fintech
17 1,079 (7.58%) TDD
18 1,019 (7.16%) Mathematics
19 986 (6.93%) Open Source
20 936 (6.58%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 4,924 (34.61%) Java
2 4,128 (29.02%) SQL
3 3,214 (22.59%) JavaScript
4 2,513 (17.66%) C#
5 2,426 (17.05%) C++
6 1,867 (13.12%) Bash Shell
7 1,706 (11.99%) R
8 1,502 (10.56%) Ruby
9 1,116 (7.84%) PowerShell
10 1,050 (7.38%) C
10 1,050 (7.38%) Go
11 1,008 (7.09%) PHP
12 918 (6.45%) Scala
13 878 (6.17%) Perl
14 502 (3.53%) Shell Script
15 403 (2.83%) TypeScript
16 377 (2.65%) MATLAB
17 283 (1.99%) Kotlin
18 199 (1.40%) VBA
19 176 (1.24%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,221 (15.61%) Degree
2 640 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 594 (4.18%) Security Cleared
4 438 (3.08%) PhD
5 309 (2.17%) SC Cleared
6 250 (1.76%) DV Cleared
7 147 (1.03%) Cisco Certification
8 144 (1.01%) Master's Degree
9 110 (0.77%) Numerate Degree
10 92 (0.65%) AWS Certification
11 82 (0.58%) CCNA
11 82 (0.58%) CCNP
12 79 (0.56%) CISSP
12 79 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
13 77 (0.54%) ISTQB
14 70 (0.49%) OSCP
15 57 (0.40%) RHCE
16 54 (0.38%) Postgraduate
17 52 (0.37%) CCIE
17 52 (0.37%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 801 (5.63%) QA
2 215 (1.51%) Data Quality
3 115 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 75 (0.53%) GDPR
5 50 (0.35%) SLA
6 40 (0.28%) PCI DSS
7 31 (0.22%) MiFID
8 24 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 23 (0.16%) EMIR
9 23 (0.16%) ISO 9001
9 23 (0.16%) NIST
10 20 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
11 18 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
12 14 (0.098%) IFRS
12 14 (0.098%) IFRS 9
13 11 (0.077%) Basel II
14 9 (0.063%) IEC 61508
14 9 (0.063%) ISO 26262
15 8 (0.056%) ISO 22301
15 8 (0.056%) JTAG
System Software
1 3,043 (21.39%) Docker
2 319 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 269 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 143 (1.01%) Firmware
5 117 (0.82%) HDFS
6 89 (0.63%) Hyper-V
7 84 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
8 73 (0.51%) VirtualBox
9 65 (0.46%) NFS
10 61 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 58 (0.41%) KVM
12 53 (0.37%) Xen
13 52 (0.37%) vSphere
14 49 (0.34%) Apache Flume
15 47 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
16 30 (0.21%) Samba
16 30 (0.21%) XenApp
17 24 (0.17%) XenDesktop
18 21 (0.15%) iptables
18 21 (0.15%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,239 (15.74%) Kubernetes
2 2,007 (14.11%) Ansible
3 1,637 (11.51%) Terraform
4 1,324 (9.31%) Puppet
5 923 (6.49%) Opscode Chef
6 239 (1.68%) Packer
7 230 (1.62%) Grafana
8 219 (1.54%) Prometheus
9 208 (1.46%) Nagios
10 183 (1.29%) Salt
11 166 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
12 133 (0.93%) Kibana
13 109 (0.77%) Consul
14 108 (0.76%) ZABBIX
15 97 (0.68%) Oozie
16 93 (0.65%) Rancher
17 81 (0.57%) Graphite
18 73 (0.51%) logstash
19 63 (0.44%) Nessus
20 60 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,140 (8.01%) Google
2 971 (6.83%) Microsoft
3 756 (5.31%) Oracle
4 564 (3.96%) Tableau
5 400 (2.81%) Red Hat
6 394 (2.77%) VMware
7 350 (2.46%) Splunk
8 236 (1.66%) Bloomberg
9 233 (1.64%) SAP
10 207 (1.46%) IBM
11 197 (1.38%) Atlassian
12 191 (1.34%) Cisco
13 165 (1.16%) Informatica
14 127 (0.89%) Cloudera
15 124 (0.87%) Talend
16 115 (0.81%) Hortonworks
17 112 (0.79%) Databricks
18 101 (0.71%) Reuters
19 83 (0.58%) New Relic
20 78 (0.55%) Citrix