Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 10 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 17,077 7,491 15,961
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.11% 15.25% 11.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.04% 25.91% 21.12%
Number of salaries quoted 10,485 6,216 12,416
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £61,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +6.56% +1.67%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £115,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 65,572 28,910 75,585
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.16% 58.85% 53.48%
Number of salaries quoted 43,910 24,410 62,262
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 15,438 £70,000 +7.69% 2,616
London -2 9,894 £77,500 +3.33% 1,408
UK excluding London -1 6,073 £55,000 +4.76% 1,364
Work from Home 0 3,169 £70,000 +16.67% 481
South East -5 1,753 £55,000 - 262
North of England +1 1,377 £57,500 +9.52% 302
South West +2 953 £52,500 +5.00% 175
Midlands -9 687 £56,750 +13.50% 191
Yorkshire 0 680 £57,500 +4.55% 115
North West -3 627 £60,000 +14.29% 164
Scotland -4 573 £52,500 +5.00% 118
East of England -3 515 £60,000 +4.35% 259
West Midlands -7 486 £60,000 +20.00% 121
East Midlands -13 193 £45,000 +5.88% 69
Northern Ireland -4 156 £75,000 +50.00% 20
Wales -32 82 £47,500 +5.56% 37
North East -11 79 £50,000 +11.11% 23
Isle of Man - 13 £36,250 -
Channel Islands - 5 £85,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 7,523 (44.05%) AWS
2 6,224 (36.45%) Agile Software Development
3 5,454 (31.94%) Java
4 5,387 (31.55%) SQL
5 5,207 (30.49%) Software Engineering
6 4,796 (28.08%) DevOps
7 4,494 (26.32%) Docker
8 4,412 (25.84%) JavaScript
9 4,321 (25.30%) Azure
10 4,060 (23.77%) Finance
11 3,979 (23.30%) Kubernetes
12 3,443 (20.16%) Linux
13 3,311 (19.39%) Analytics
14 3,175 (18.59%) GCP
15 3,120 (18.27%) Social Skills
16 3,003 (17.59%) React
17 2,876 (16.84%) Terraform
18 2,722 (15.94%) Data Science
19 2,562 (15.00%) Degree
20 2,517 (14.74%) Microservices
21 2,482 (14.53%) C#
22 2,436 (14.26%) Machine Learning
23 2,354 (13.78%) Git (software)
24 2,293 (13.43%) Node.js
25 2,227 (13.04%) Computer Science
26 2,194 (12.85%) Problem-Solving
27 2,117 (12.40%) Jenkins
28 2,105 (12.33%) Serverless
29 2,101 (12.30%) PostgreSQL
30 2,083 (12.20%) Full Stack Development

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,265 (7.41%) Apache Spark
2 787 (4.61%) Elasticsearch
3 721 (4.22%) Apache
4 444 (2.60%) Apache Airflow
5 422 (2.47%) Confluence
6 220 (1.29%) nginx
7 167 (0.98%) GemFire
8 153 (0.90%) SAS
9 133 (0.78%) Jupyter
10 102 (0.60%) CMS
11 96 (0.56%) SharePoint
12 94 (0.55%) GeoServer
12 94 (0.55%) Tomcat
13 76 (0.45%) OpenStack
14 75 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
15 74 (0.43%) IIS
16 60 (0.35%) WordPress
17 52 (0.30%) Apache Solr
17 52 (0.30%) Tornado
18 50 (0.29%) Luigi
Applications
1 343 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 137 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (0.35%) Simulink
4 39 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 37 (0.22%) Chatbot
6 36 (0.21%) MS Visio
7 33 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 27 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
8 27 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 24 (0.14%) Stateflow
10 18 (0.11%) GIMP
11 14 (0.082%) Maya
11 14 (0.082%) SPSS
12 13 (0.076%) Figma
13 12 (0.070%) Zemax
14 9 (0.053%) Stata
15 8 (0.047%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 8 (0.047%) Microsoft Project
16 7 (0.041%) Campfire
16 7 (0.041%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 67 (0.39%) Magento
2 52 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
3 36 (0.21%) Shopify
4 34 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 28 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 23 (0.13%) IBM Planning Analytics
7 11 (0.064%) Summit
8 10 (0.059%) Primavera
9 9 (0.053%) Dynamics CRM
9 9 (0.053%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 8 (0.047%) NetSuite
11 7 (0.041%) FastStats
11 7 (0.041%) FINCAD Analytics
11 7 (0.041%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 7 (0.041%) R3 Corda
12 6 (0.035%) Unica
13 5 (0.029%) Remedy ITSM
13 5 (0.029%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 4 (0.023%) Cognos Controller
14 4 (0.023%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 7,523 (44.05%) AWS
2 4,321 (25.30%) Azure
3 3,175 (18.59%) GCP
4 2,105 (12.33%) Serverless
5 1,203 (7.04%) AWS Lambda
6 1,057 (6.19%) GitHub
7 976 (5.72%) Power Platform
8 968 (5.67%) AWS CloudFormation
9 938 (5.49%) SaaS
10 838 (4.91%) Amazon S3
11 667 (3.91%) Amazon EC2
12 631 (3.70%) PaaS
13 581 (3.40%) Amazon ECS
14 402 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
15 391 (2.29%) Snowflake
16 386 (2.26%) IaaS
17 375 (2.20%) Amazon Kinesis
18 321 (1.88%) Amazon EKS
19 287 (1.68%) Amazon SQS
20 267 (1.56%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 560 (3.28%) HTTP
2 413 (2.42%) Firewall
3 319 (1.87%) TCP/IP
4 314 (1.84%) DNS
5 259 (1.52%) Broadband
6 225 (1.32%) Internet
7 207 (1.21%) VPN
8 122 (0.71%) Network Security
9 104 (0.61%) DHCP
10 95 (0.56%) Wireless
11 94 (0.55%) Wi-Fi
12 91 (0.53%) WAN
13 80 (0.47%) Wireshark
14 75 (0.44%) MQTT
14 75 (0.44%) SSL
15 72 (0.42%) Ethernet
16 71 (0.42%) IPv4
17 70 (0.41%) BGP
17 70 (0.41%) LAN
17 70 (0.41%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,101 (12.30%) PostgreSQL
2 1,565 (9.16%) NoSQL
3 1,551 (9.08%) Big Data
4 1,290 (7.55%) MySQL
5 1,144 (6.70%) Relational Database
6 1,104 (6.46%) Data Warehouse
7 1,103 (6.46%) MongoDB
8 965 (5.65%) SQL Server
9 919 (5.38%) Power BI
10 795 (4.66%) Redis
11 779 (4.56%) Tableau
12 731 (4.28%) Hadoop
13 705 (4.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 594 (3.48%) Data Lake
15 516 (3.02%) Amazon Redshift
16 428 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
17 400 (2.34%) BigQuery
18 363 (2.13%) Amazon Athena
19 343 (2.01%) Amazon Aurora
20 335 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,354 (13.78%) Git (software)
2 2,117 (12.40%) Jenkins
3 1,010 (5.91%) JIRA
4 858 (5.02%) GitLab
5 465 (2.72%) Selenium
6 412 (2.41%) Cucumber
7 398 (2.33%) Cypress.io
8 317 (1.86%) CircleCI
9 285 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 265 (1.55%) TeamCity
11 262 (1.53%) JUnit
12 254 (1.49%) Bitbucket
13 244 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
14 229 (1.34%) Gradle
15 226 (1.32%) Artifactory
16 219 (1.28%) SonarQube
17 195 (1.14%) Mockito
18 194 (1.14%) Protractor
19 191 (1.12%) Storybook
20 187 (1.10%) JMeter
General
1 4,060 (23.77%) Finance
2 3,120 (18.27%) Social Skills
3 1,496 (8.76%) Analytical Skills
4 1,173 (6.87%) Banking
5 687 (4.02%) Retail
6 664 (3.89%) Marketing
7 644 (3.77%) Front Office
8 639 (3.74%) Games
9 547 (3.20%) Public Sector
10 544 (3.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 509 (2.98%) Law
12 380 (2.23%) Telecoms
13 332 (1.94%) Presentation Skills
14 272 (1.59%) Legal
15 245 (1.43%) Advertising
16 244 (1.43%) Organisational Skills
17 243 (1.42%) Manufacturing
18 224 (1.31%) Electronics
18 224 (1.31%) Pharmaceutical
19 182 (1.07%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,637 (27.15%) Developer
2 2,721 (15.93%) Software Engineer
3 1,722 (10.08%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,518 (8.89%) Python Developer
5 1,512 (8.85%) Data Engineer
6 1,235 (7.23%) Python Engineer
7 966 (5.66%) Senior Developer
8 908 (5.32%) AWS Engineer
9 839 (4.91%) Analyst
10 658 (3.85%) Software Developer
11 609 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
12 605 (3.54%) Senior Software Engineer
13 552 (3.23%) Python Software Engineer
14 547 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
15 543 (3.18%) Architect
16 540 (3.16%) Data Scientist
17 481 (2.82%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 470 (2.75%) Java Developer
19 398 (2.33%) AWS DevOps
19 398 (2.33%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,003 (17.59%) React
2 2,293 (13.43%) Node.js
3 1,660 (9.72%) AngularJS
4 1,526 (8.94%) Web Services
5 1,508 (8.83%) Django
6 1,377 (8.06%) REST
7 1,347 (7.89%) Kafka
8 1,302 (7.62%) .NET
9 1,190 (6.97%) CSS
10 1,105 (6.47%) HTML
11 910 (5.33%) RESTful
12 816 (4.78%) Vue.js
13 811 (4.75%) Spring
14 722 (4.23%) Flask
15 698 (4.09%) GraphQL
16 606 (3.55%) JSON
16 606 (3.55%) Redux
17 469 (2.75%) RabbitMQ
18 419 (2.45%) Elastic Stack
19 416 (2.44%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 1,298 (7.60%) Algorithms
2 877 (5.14%) User Experience
3 646 (3.78%) Hedge funds
4 605 (3.54%) Greenfield Project
5 550 (3.22%) Derivative
6 545 (3.19%) Data Structures
7 529 (3.10%) Cloud Native
8 521 (3.05%) Equities
9 504 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
10 469 (2.75%) Fixed Income
11 408 (2.39%) Public Cloud
12 376 (2.20%) Linux Command Line
13 363 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 347 (2.03%) Social Media
15 333 (1.95%) Mobile App
16 329 (1.93%) Virtual Team
17 274 (1.60%) Management Information System
18 261 (1.53%) Data Centre
19 232 (1.36%) Blog
20 181 (1.06%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 3,443 (20.16%) Linux
2 1,085 (6.35%) Unix
3 1,036 (6.07%) Windows
4 311 (1.82%) CentOS
5 302 (1.77%) Android
6 268 (1.57%) Ubuntu
7 266 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 249 (1.46%) Apple iOS
9 227 (1.33%) Windows Server
10 83 (0.49%) Mac OS
11 66 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
12 63 (0.37%) Debian
13 58 (0.34%) Windows 10
14 49 (0.29%) Mesosphere
15 42 (0.25%) VMS
16 41 (0.24%) Solaris
17 35 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
18 27 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
19 26 (0.15%) Windows 7
20 23 (0.13%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,224 (36.45%) Agile Software Development
2 5,207 (30.49%) Software Engineering
3 4,796 (28.08%) DevOps
4 3,311 (19.39%) Analytics
5 2,722 (15.94%) Data Science
6 2,517 (14.74%) Microservices
7 2,436 (14.26%) Machine Learning
8 2,227 (13.04%) Computer Science
9 2,194 (12.85%) Problem-Solving
10 2,083 (12.20%) Full Stack Development
11 1,962 (11.49%) Artificial Intelligence
12 1,786 (10.46%) Test Automation
13 1,721 (10.08%) TDD
14 1,634 (9.57%) Infrastructure as Code
15 1,557 (9.12%) Continuous Integration
16 1,539 (9.01%) Mentoring
17 1,482 (8.68%) Scrum
18 1,445 (8.46%) Business Intelligence
19 1,233 (7.22%) Open Source
20 1,215 (7.11%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 5,454 (31.94%) Java
2 5,387 (31.55%) SQL
3 4,412 (25.84%) JavaScript
4 2,482 (14.53%) C#
5 2,059 (12.06%) Go
6 1,954 (11.44%) C++
7 1,818 (10.65%) Bash Shell
8 1,475 (8.64%) TypeScript
9 1,289 (7.55%) Ruby
10 1,242 (7.27%) PowerShell
11 1,127 (6.60%) R
12 1,103 (6.46%) Scala
13 937 (5.49%) C
14 866 (5.07%) PHP
15 663 (3.88%) Perl
16 546 (3.20%) Shell Script
17 543 (3.18%) Kotlin
18 423 (2.48%) Groovy
19 353 (2.07%) MATLAB
20 235 (1.38%) Rust
Qualifications
1 2,562 (15.00%) Degree
2 829 (4.85%) Security Cleared
3 787 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
4 564 (3.30%) SC Cleared
5 459 (2.69%) PhD
6 312 (1.83%) Master's Degree
7 281 (1.65%) AWS Certification
8 171 (1.00%) Oracle Certification
9 170 (1.00%) OCP
10 164 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
11 119 (0.70%) DV Cleared
12 115 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
13 57 (0.33%) CCNP
14 52 (0.30%) ISTQB
14 52 (0.30%) RHCE
15 48 (0.28%) SANS
16 44 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
17 43 (0.25%) CISSP
18 35 (0.20%) DBS Check
18 35 (0.20%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,089 (6.38%) QA
2 347 (2.03%) Data Quality
3 255 (1.49%) GDPR
4 127 (0.74%) Accessibility
5 94 (0.55%) SLA
6 75 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 36 (0.21%) GRC
7 36 (0.21%) NIST
8 32 (0.19%) WCAG
9 27 (0.16%) MiFID
9 27 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 26 (0.15%) PMO
11 17 (0.100%) GxP
12 14 (0.082%) Good Clinical Practice
12 14 (0.082%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 14 (0.082%) NCSC
13 13 (0.076%) WAI
14 12 (0.070%) HIPAA
14 12 (0.070%) ISO 26262
15 11 (0.064%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 4,494 (26.32%) Docker
2 350 (2.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 196 (1.15%) Active Directory
4 166 (0.97%) HDFS
5 128 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
6 125 (0.73%) Firmware
7 68 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 63 (0.37%) VirtualBox
8 63 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
9 48 (0.28%) vSphere
10 45 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 33 (0.19%) NFS
12 27 (0.16%) KVM
13 24 (0.14%) Varnish
13 24 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 17 (0.100%) VMware NSX
15 16 (0.094%) iptables
16 14 (0.082%) Ceph
17 13 (0.076%) Apache Flume
18 11 (0.064%) LXC
Systems Management
1 3,979 (23.30%) Kubernetes
2 2,876 (16.84%) Terraform
3 2,083 (12.20%) Ansible
4 1,108 (6.49%) Puppet
5 926 (5.42%) Opscode Chef
6 601 (3.52%) Prometheus
7 521 (3.05%) Grafana
8 199 (1.17%) Kibana
9 175 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
10 119 (0.70%) Packer
11 109 (0.64%) Consul
12 103 (0.60%) Istio
13 93 (0.54%) Nagios
14 89 (0.52%) logstash
15 82 (0.48%) Salt
16 52 (0.30%) HAProxy
17 48 (0.28%) Graphite
18 44 (0.26%) ZABBIX
19 43 (0.25%) CFEngine
19 43 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,585 (9.28%) Google
2 1,106 (6.48%) Microsoft
3 872 (5.11%) Oracle
4 505 (2.96%) VMware
5 428 (2.51%) Databricks
6 362 (2.12%) Red Hat
7 271 (1.59%) Splunk
8 218 (1.28%) IBM
9 215 (1.26%) Cisco
10 209 (1.22%) SAP
11 171 (1.00%) New Relic
11 171 (1.00%) SaltStack
12 163 (0.95%) Okta
13 153 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
14 147 (0.86%) Atlassian
15 129 (0.76%) Informatica
15 129 (0.76%) Instagram
16 125 (0.73%) Talend
17 108 (0.63%) Facebook
18 100 (0.59%) Cloudera