Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 23 30
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +22
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,267 14,318 12,629
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.87% 8.19% 6.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 17.77% 14.82% 12.51%
Number of salaries quoted 12,941 11,672 10,902
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +6.82%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 91,556 96,643 100,918
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.57% 55.29% 52.75%
Number of salaries quoted 76,173 79,233 87,041
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 15,226 £60,000 +9.09% 2,804
London +9 8,582 £70,000 +7.69% 1,425
UK excluding London +7 7,413 £50,000 +5.26% 1,551
South East +2 2,399 £50,000 - 397
North of England +20 1,461 £50,000 +2.04% 291
South West +12 1,092 £47,500 +5.56% 204
East of England +4 1,072 £52,500 +5.00% 349
North West +22 767 £50,000 - 132
Scotland +11 635 £50,000 +11.11% 119
Yorkshire +9 604 £47,500 -5.00% 115
Midlands +20 598 £49,250 +15.88% 137
West Midlands +34 406 £49,500 +19.28% 77
East Midlands -17 191 £47,750 +15.76% 60
Wales +28 126 £47,500 +11.76% 29
North East +23 89 £45,000 +12.50% 44
Northern Ireland +12 56 £45,000 +12.50% 25
Channel Islands - 1 £45,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,458 (39.70%) Java
2 5,855 (35.99%) Linux
3 5,470 (33.63%) Agile Software Development
4 4,767 (29.30%) SQL
5 4,473 (27.50%) Amazon AWS
6 4,243 (26.08%) DevOps
7 3,724 (22.89%) Finance
8 3,686 (22.66%) JavaScript
9 3,335 (20.50%) C++
10 3,223 (19.81%) Docker
11 3,213 (19.75%) Software Engineering
12 3,068 (18.86%) C#
13 2,900 (17.83%) Degree
14 2,629 (16.16%) Ansible
15 2,618 (16.09%) Bash Shell
16 2,464 (15.15%) Ruby
17 2,457 (15.10%) Jenkins
18 2,403 (14.77%) Machine Learning
19 2,328 (14.31%) Microsoft Azure
20 2,324 (14.29%) Git (software)
21 2,322 (14.27%) Computer Science
22 2,240 (13.77%) Continuous Integration
23 2,202 (13.54%) Puppet
24 2,201 (13.53%) Big Data
25 2,151 (13.22%) Analytics
26 2,001 (12.30%) Test Automation
27 1,944 (11.95%) Perl
28 1,906 (11.72%) Data Science
29 1,889 (11.61%) Problem-Solving
30 1,881 (11.56%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,330 (8.18%) Apache Spark
2 860 (5.29%) Apache
3 768 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
4 415 (2.55%) Tomcat
5 391 (2.40%) Confluence
6 338 (2.08%) SAS
7 316 (1.94%) nginx
8 314 (1.93%) OpenStack
9 177 (1.09%) Apache Pig
10 120 (0.74%) IIS
11 116 (0.71%) WebSphere
12 110 (0.68%) WebLogic
13 108 (0.66%) Ethereum
13 108 (0.66%) JBoss
14 85 (0.52%) Apache Solr
15 83 (0.51%) WordPress
16 77 (0.47%) CloudStack
16 77 (0.47%) CMS
16 77 (0.47%) SharePoint
17 61 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 210 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 146 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
3 83 (0.51%) SPSS
4 55 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 54 (0.33%) Chatbot
6 34 (0.21%) MS Visio
7 16 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
8 13 (0.080%) GNU Octave
8 13 (0.080%) Photoshop
8 13 (0.080%) Simulink
9 11 (0.068%) Maya
10 10 (0.061%) Stata
11 8 (0.049%) HipChat
12 7 (0.043%) Houdini
13 5 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
13 5 (0.031%) InVision
14 4 (0.025%) InDesign
14 4 (0.025%) Snapchat
15 3 (0.018%) AutoCAD
15 3 (0.018%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 59 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 49 (0.30%) thinkFolio
3 26 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 24 (0.15%) Magento
5 20 (0.12%) Odoo
5 20 (0.12%) Ripple
6 18 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
7 12 (0.074%) R3 Corda
7 12 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
8 11 (0.068%) Documaker
8 11 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
9 10 (0.061%) Oracle Payables
9 10 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 8 (0.049%) SunGard GMI
11 7 (0.043%) Oracle Receivables
12 6 (0.037%) Actimize
12 6 (0.037%) FastStats
12 6 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
12 6 (0.037%) Sentinel
13 5 (0.031%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 4,473 (27.50%) Amazon AWS
2 2,328 (14.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,065 (6.55%) Google Cloud Platform
4 535 (3.29%) SaaS
5 494 (3.04%) AWS CloudFormation
6 466 (2.86%) GitHub
7 439 (2.70%) Serverless
8 423 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
9 422 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
10 356 (2.19%) Amazon S3
11 306 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
11 306 (1.88%) PaaS
12 257 (1.58%) IaaS
13 181 (1.11%) OpenShift
14 150 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
14 150 (0.92%) Office 365
15 149 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 130 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 112 (0.69%) IBM Cloud
18 100 (0.61%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 673 (4.14%) Firewall
2 607 (3.73%) TCP/IP
3 488 (3.00%) DNS
4 454 (2.79%) HTTP
5 350 (2.15%) Internet
6 249 (1.53%) VPN
7 235 (1.44%) WAN
8 219 (1.35%) LAN
9 209 (1.28%) SSL
10 200 (1.23%) DHCP
11 196 (1.20%) BGP
12 175 (1.08%) Network Security
13 174 (1.07%) Wireless
14 105 (0.65%) SNMP
15 100 (0.61%) OSPF
15 100 (0.61%) SAN
15 100 (0.61%) Wireshark
16 92 (0.57%) VLAN
17 90 (0.55%) Cisco IOS
18 86 (0.53%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,201 (13.53%) Big Data
2 1,633 (10.04%) NoSQL
3 1,564 (9.61%) MySQL
4 1,526 (9.38%) Hadoop
5 1,301 (8.00%) SQL Server
6 1,234 (7.59%) PostgreSQL
7 1,014 (6.23%) Relational Database
8 984 (6.05%) MongoDB
9 634 (3.90%) Apache Hive
10 615 (3.78%) Apache Cassandra
11 526 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
12 404 (2.48%) Redis
13 368 (2.26%) Blockchain
14 362 (2.23%) Power BI
15 349 (2.15%) Amazon Redshift
16 323 (1.99%) RDBMS
17 252 (1.55%) HBase
17 252 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 249 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
19 227 (1.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,457 (15.10%) Jenkins
2 2,324 (14.29%) Git (software)
3 1,031 (6.34%) JIRA
4 802 (4.93%) Selenium
5 641 (3.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 591 (3.63%) Maven
7 585 (3.60%) TeamCity
8 517 (3.18%) Subversion
9 405 (2.49%) Cucumber
10 372 (2.29%) Vagrant
11 297 (1.83%) Bitbucket
12 292 (1.80%) Octopus Deploy
13 272 (1.67%) JUnit
14 271 (1.67%) Visual Studio
15 260 (1.60%) GitLab
16 192 (1.18%) WebDriver
17 180 (1.11%) Sonatype Nexus
18 161 (0.99%) Hudson
19 154 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
20 152 (0.93%) Gradle
General
1 3,724 (22.89%) Finance
2 1,169 (7.19%) Banking
3 634 (3.90%) Retail
4 611 (3.76%) Marketing
5 556 (3.42%) Front Office
6 536 (3.30%) Investment Banking
7 504 (3.10%) Telecoms
8 438 (2.69%) Games
9 357 (2.19%) Electronics
10 344 (2.11%) Financial Institution
11 324 (1.99%) Manufacturing
12 236 (1.45%) Law
13 203 (1.25%) Advertising
14 139 (0.85%) Publishing
15 122 (0.75%) Automotive
16 91 (0.56%) Legal
17 81 (0.50%) Back Office
18 61 (0.37%) Military
19 60 (0.37%) French Language
20 55 (0.34%) German Language
Job Titles
1 5,115 (31.44%) Developer
2 2,002 (12.31%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,729 (10.63%) Python Developer
4 1,510 (9.28%) Software Engineer
5 975 (5.99%) Senior Developer
6 906 (5.57%) Java Developer
7 887 (5.45%) Data Scientist
8 853 (5.24%) Python Engineer
9 809 (4.97%) Analyst
10 789 (4.85%) Software Developer
11 724 (4.45%) Data Engineer
12 644 (3.96%) Linux Engineer
13 534 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
14 520 (3.20%) Architect
15 503 (3.09%) Cloud Engineer
16 474 (2.91%) Junior
17 472 (2.90%) Test Engineer
18 446 (2.74%) Graduate
19 424 (2.61%) Java Engineer
20 413 (2.54%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,795 (11.03%) HTML
2 1,431 (8.80%) AngularJS
3 1,428 (8.78%) CSS
4 1,398 (8.59%) .NET
5 1,301 (8.00%) Node.js
6 1,196 (7.35%) Web Services
7 1,148 (7.06%) Django
8 1,048 (6.44%) React
9 903 (5.55%) REST
10 726 (4.46%) Spring
11 725 (4.46%) Kafka
12 698 (4.29%) RESTful
13 621 (3.82%) XML
14 605 (3.72%) Natural Language Processing
15 567 (3.49%) HTML5
16 461 (2.83%) TensorFlow
17 456 (2.80%) JSON
18 451 (2.77%) jQuery
19 446 (2.74%) RabbitMQ
20 442 (2.72%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 2,322 (14.27%) Computer Science
2 1,483 (9.12%) Analytical Skills
3 1,341 (8.24%) Algorithms
4 1,044 (6.42%) Fintech
5 584 (3.59%) Greenfield Project
6 514 (3.16%) Self-Motivation
7 481 (2.96%) Hedge funds
8 460 (2.83%) User Experience
9 450 (2.77%) Data Structures
10 438 (2.69%) Public Cloud
11 376 (2.31%) Data Centre
12 375 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
13 373 (2.29%) Derivative
14 364 (2.24%) Equities
15 362 (2.23%) Fixed Income
16 341 (2.10%) Management Information System
17 313 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
18 312 (1.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 266 (1.64%) Mobile App
20 230 (1.41%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 5,855 (35.99%) Linux
2 1,881 (11.56%) Windows
3 1,508 (9.27%) Unix
4 689 (4.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 641 (3.94%) CentOS
6 459 (2.82%) Ubuntu
7 372 (2.29%) Android
8 340 (2.09%) Windows Server
9 291 (1.79%) Apple iOS
10 214 (1.32%) Debian
11 154 (0.95%) Mac OS X
12 130 (0.80%) Solaris
13 78 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
14 73 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
15 70 (0.43%) Fedora
16 66 (0.41%) CoreOS
17 52 (0.32%) AIX
18 51 (0.31%) SUSE
19 43 (0.26%) VMS
20 41 (0.25%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,470 (33.63%) Agile Software Development
2 4,243 (26.08%) DevOps
3 3,213 (19.75%) Software Engineering
4 2,403 (14.77%) Machine Learning
5 2,240 (13.77%) Continuous Integration
6 2,151 (13.22%) Analytics
7 2,001 (12.30%) Test Automation
8 1,906 (11.72%) Data Science
9 1,889 (11.61%) Problem-Solving
10 1,780 (10.94%) TDD
11 1,682 (10.34%) Mathematics
12 1,630 (10.02%) Scrum
13 1,599 (9.83%) Open Source
14 1,386 (8.52%) Configuration Management
15 1,312 (8.07%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,217 (7.48%) Microservices
17 1,180 (7.25%) OO
18 982 (6.04%) SDLC
19 932 (5.73%) Mentoring
20 924 (5.68%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 6,458 (39.70%) Java
2 4,767 (29.30%) SQL
3 3,686 (22.66%) JavaScript
4 3,335 (20.50%) C++
5 3,068 (18.86%) C#
6 2,618 (16.09%) Bash Shell
7 2,464 (15.15%) Ruby
8 1,944 (11.95%) Perl
9 1,624 (9.98%) C
10 1,493 (9.18%) R
11 1,409 (8.66%) PHP
12 1,300 (7.99%) PowerShell
13 1,265 (7.78%) Scala
14 1,212 (7.45%) Go
15 633 (3.89%) Shell Script
16 303 (1.86%) MATLAB
17 248 (1.52%) T-SQL
18 244 (1.50%) Java 8
19 197 (1.21%) VBA
20 182 (1.12%) Korn
Qualifications
1 2,900 (17.83%) Degree
2 927 (5.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 851 (5.23%) PhD
4 686 (4.22%) Security Cleared
5 379 (2.33%) DV Cleared
6 312 (1.92%) SC Cleared
7 278 (1.71%) Master's Degree
8 266 (1.64%) Numerate Degree
9 262 (1.61%) Cisco Certification
10 198 (1.22%) Microsoft Certification
11 174 (1.07%) AWS Certification
12 164 (1.01%) CISSP
13 155 (0.95%) CCNA
14 146 (0.90%) MPhil
15 145 (0.89%) CCNP
16 122 (0.75%) RHCE
17 118 (0.73%) MCSE
18 101 (0.62%) GIAC
19 99 (0.61%) ISTQB
20 95 (0.58%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 937 (5.76%) QA
2 136 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 98 (0.60%) SLA
4 70 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 69 (0.42%) GDPR
6 67 (0.41%) PCI DSS
7 24 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 19 (0.12%) MiFID
9 16 (0.098%) SAS 70
10 15 (0.092%) ISO 9001
11 14 (0.086%) Actionable Recommendations
12 12 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 11 (0.068%) PMO
14 10 (0.061%) Disclosure Scotland
15 9 (0.055%) IEC 61131
16 8 (0.049%) EMIR
16 8 (0.049%) JTAG
17 6 (0.037%) COBIT
17 6 (0.037%) Solvency II
18 5 (0.031%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 3,223 (19.81%) Docker
2 623 (3.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 315 (1.94%) Active Directory
4 214 (1.32%) vSphere
5 209 (1.28%) HDFS
6 205 (1.26%) Hyper-V
7 159 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
8 131 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
9 123 (0.76%) Apache Flume
10 112 (0.69%) VirtualBox
11 106 (0.65%) Firmware
12 95 (0.58%) KVM
13 83 (0.51%) Xen
14 53 (0.33%) NFS
15 46 (0.28%) Samba
16 45 (0.28%) XenServer
17 40 (0.25%) iptables
17 40 (0.25%) VMware NSX
18 35 (0.22%) Ceph
19 29 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 2,629 (16.16%) Ansible
2 2,202 (13.54%) Puppet
3 1,713 (10.53%) Kubernetes
4 1,642 (10.09%) Opscode Chef
5 1,180 (7.25%) Terraform
6 459 (2.82%) Salt
7 383 (2.35%) Nagios
8 272 (1.67%) Docker Swarm
9 256 (1.57%) Packer
10 251 (1.54%) ZABBIX
11 198 (1.22%) Prometheus
12 194 (1.19%) Grafana
13 170 (1.05%) Kibana
14 165 (1.01%) Graphite
15 152 (0.93%) Consul
16 122 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
17 118 (0.73%) logstash
18 109 (0.67%) Oozie
19 107 (0.66%) Mesos
19 107 (0.66%) Opsview
Vendors
1 1,232 (7.57%) Google
2 1,197 (7.36%) Microsoft
3 1,156 (7.11%) Oracle
4 875 (5.38%) Red Hat
5 859 (5.28%) VMware
6 612 (3.76%) Tableau
7 359 (2.21%) Splunk
8 358 (2.20%) Cisco
9 353 (2.17%) SAP
10 292 (1.80%) Cloudera
11 249 (1.53%) Atlassian
12 232 (1.43%) IBM
13 197 (1.21%) Hortonworks
14 156 (0.96%) New Relic
15 142 (0.87%) Sybase
16 139 (0.85%) SaltStack
17 129 (0.79%) Informatica
18 125 (0.77%) HP
19 112 (0.69%) Citrix
20 108 (0.66%) Talend