Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 14 17
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 10,826 14,037 16,240
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.64% 11.42% 10.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.81% 21.10% 19.57%
Number of salaries quoted 10,367 12,213 14,196
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,750 £34,265
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,937 66,516 82,976
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.70% 54.10% 54.95%
Number of salaries quoted 34,863 55,353 69,385
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 9,978 £65,000 +0.78% 2,235
London +4 5,911 £75,000 - 1,097
UK excluding London +6 4,473 £55,000 +10.00% 1,273
Work from Home +2 1,806 £65,000 - 482
North of England +11 1,133 £55,000 +4.76% 293
South East 0 1,044 £55,000 +4.76% 298
South West +6 757 £52,500 +5.00% 167
Midlands +20 623 £52,500 +5.00% 176
Yorkshire +13 561 £55,000 +4.76% 96
North West +14 512 £57,500 +4.55% 165
West Midlands +11 436 £55,000 +10.00% 111
Scotland +1 411 £52,500 +10.53% 94
East of England +9 357 £55,000 - 198
East Midlands +32 183 £50,000 - 64
Wales +7 107 £48,500 +7.78% 29
North East -5 60 £47,500 +5.56% 32
Northern Ireland +2 54 £52,500 +44.83% 19
Isle of Man - 12 - - 1
Channel Islands +2 1 £40,000 -33.33%

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 4,053 (37.44%) AWS
2 3,739 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
3 3,571 (32.99%) Java
4 3,292 (30.41%) SQL
5 3,143 (29.03%) DevOps
6 2,865 (26.46%) JavaScript
7 2,786 (25.73%) Docker
8 2,557 (23.62%) Software Engineering
9 2,384 (22.02%) Azure
10 2,367 (21.86%) Linux
11 2,331 (21.53%) Finance
12 2,296 (21.21%) Kubernetes
13 1,865 (17.23%) C#
14 1,695 (15.66%) GCP
15 1,621 (14.97%) Terraform
16 1,537 (14.20%) Analytics
17 1,468 (13.56%) Machine Learning
18 1,423 (13.14%) Degree
19 1,374 (12.69%) Jenkins
20 1,365 (12.61%) Ansible
21 1,361 (12.57%) Data Science
22 1,313 (12.13%) Git (software)
23 1,306 (12.06%) Go
24 1,280 (11.82%) C++
25 1,212 (11.20%) Microservices
26 1,188 (10.97%) React
27 1,147 (10.59%) Node.js
28 1,144 (10.57%) Bash Shell
29 1,143 (10.56%) Computer Science
30 1,046 (9.66%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 648 (5.99%) Apache Spark
2 379 (3.50%) Apache
3 372 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
4 290 (2.68%) Confluence
5 195 (1.80%) Apache Airflow
6 152 (1.40%) SAS
7 120 (1.11%) nginx
8 63 (0.58%) OpenStack
9 50 (0.46%) Luigi
10 43 (0.40%) IIS
11 40 (0.37%) Jupyter
12 37 (0.34%) JBoss
13 33 (0.30%) CMS
13 33 (0.30%) WordPress
14 32 (0.30%) WebSphere
15 31 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
16 29 (0.27%) Tomcat
17 28 (0.26%) Tornado
18 27 (0.25%) SharePoint
19 26 (0.24%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 191 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.30%) Simulink
4 27 (0.25%) SPSS
5 26 (0.24%) MS Visio
6 22 (0.20%) Stateflow
7 15 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 14 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 11 (0.10%) Maya
10 9 (0.083%) Sketch
11 8 (0.074%) Photoshop
12 6 (0.055%) Gephi
13 4 (0.037%) Stata
14 3 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
14 3 (0.028%) Adobe XD
14 3 (0.028%) Chatbot
14 3 (0.028%) SPSS Modeler
15 2 (0.018%) InVision
15 2 (0.018%) Zeplin
16 1 (0.009%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 23 (0.21%) Magento
2 21 (0.19%) Markit EDM
3 20 (0.18%) Eagle PACE
4 19 (0.18%) R3 Corda
5 16 (0.15%) Shopify
6 12 (0.11%) Sentinel
7 10 (0.092%) FINCAD Analytics
7 10 (0.092%) SAP Hybris
8 8 (0.074%) Odoo
9 7 (0.065%) NetSuite
10 6 (0.055%) PolarLake
11 5 (0.046%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
11 5 (0.046%) JDE OneWorld
12 4 (0.037%) Dynamics AX
12 4 (0.037%) Dynamics CRM
12 4 (0.037%) MoSes
12 4 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.028%) Distributed Ledger
13 3 (0.028%) Payment Gateway
14 2 (0.018%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 4,053 (37.44%) AWS
2 2,384 (22.02%) Azure
3 1,695 (15.66%) GCP
4 972 (8.98%) Serverless
5 661 (6.11%) AWS Lambda
6 570 (5.27%) Power Platform
7 553 (5.11%) SaaS
8 477 (4.41%) AWS CloudFormation
9 405 (3.74%) GitHub
10 387 (3.57%) Amazon S3
11 370 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
12 323 (2.98%) PaaS
13 259 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
14 253 (2.34%) IaaS
15 215 (1.99%) Amazon EKS
16 184 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
17 171 (1.58%) Azure Data Factory
18 152 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
19 144 (1.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 118 (1.09%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 336 (3.10%) Firewall
2 280 (2.59%) TCP/IP
3 218 (2.01%) HTTP
4 207 (1.91%) DNS
5 193 (1.78%) Internet
6 148 (1.37%) VPN
7 117 (1.08%) OSPF
8 107 (0.99%) Wireless
9 91 (0.84%) BGP
10 84 (0.78%) Ethernet
11 78 (0.72%) Network Security
11 78 (0.72%) Wi-Fi
12 77 (0.71%) WAN
12 77 (0.71%) Wireshark
13 74 (0.68%) DHCP
14 70 (0.65%) VLAN
15 67 (0.62%) MPLS
16 57 (0.53%) IPv4
16 57 (0.53%) LAN
17 53 (0.49%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 974 (9.00%) PostgreSQL
2 889 (8.21%) Big Data
3 803 (7.42%) NoSQL
4 695 (6.42%) SQL Server
5 638 (5.89%) Data Warehouse
6 628 (5.80%) MySQL
7 605 (5.59%) MongoDB
8 553 (5.11%) Relational Database
9 545 (5.03%) Power BI
10 478 (4.42%) Hadoop
11 394 (3.64%) Tableau
12 325 (3.00%) Data Lake
13 294 (2.72%) Redis
14 279 (2.58%) Amazon Redshift
15 262 (2.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 248 (2.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 234 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 221 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
19 206 (1.90%) BigQuery
20 188 (1.74%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,374 (12.69%) Jenkins
2 1,313 (12.13%) Git (software)
3 631 (5.83%) JIRA
4 524 (4.84%) GitLab
5 326 (3.01%) Selenium
6 193 (1.78%) Subversion
7 189 (1.75%) TeamCity
8 171 (1.58%) Bitbucket
9 169 (1.56%) Cucumber
10 160 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 143 (1.32%) Artifactory
12 125 (1.15%) Maven
13 120 (1.11%) Sonatype Nexus
14 109 (1.01%) CircleCI
15 91 (0.84%) JMeter
16 88 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
17 87 (0.80%) WebDriver
18 86 (0.79%) Visual Studio
19 81 (0.75%) Appium
20 71 (0.66%) Travis CI
General
1 2,331 (21.53%) Finance
2 572 (5.28%) Banking
3 518 (4.78%) Front Office
4 376 (3.47%) Games
5 367 (3.39%) Marketing
6 360 (3.33%) Public Sector
7 295 (2.72%) Retail
8 242 (2.24%) Telecoms
9 210 (1.94%) Law
10 209 (1.93%) Electronics
11 178 (1.64%) Manufacturing
12 146 (1.35%) Investment Banking
13 115 (1.06%) Advertising
14 102 (0.94%) Multimedia
15 101 (0.93%) Legal
16 95 (0.88%) Back Office
17 62 (0.57%) Financial Institution
18 61 (0.56%) Aerospace
19 57 (0.53%) Publishing
20 55 (0.51%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 3,298 (30.46%) Developer
2 1,411 (13.03%) Software Engineer
3 1,304 (12.05%) Python Developer
4 1,216 (11.23%) DevOps Engineer
5 915 (8.45%) Data Engineer
6 884 (8.17%) Python Engineer
7 588 (5.43%) AWS Engineer
8 574 (5.30%) Senior Developer
9 484 (4.47%) Analyst
10 431 (3.98%) Data Scientist
11 397 (3.67%) Software Developer
12 389 (3.59%) Java Developer
13 369 (3.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 339 (3.13%) Architect
15 334 (3.09%) Full Stack Developer
16 330 (3.05%) Python Software Engineer
17 319 (2.95%) AWS DevOps
18 314 (2.90%) Cloud Engineer
19 286 (2.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 285 (2.63%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,188 (10.97%) React
2 1,147 (10.59%) Node.js
3 878 (8.11%) .NET
4 874 (8.07%) Web Services
5 861 (7.95%) AngularJS
6 860 (7.94%) Kafka
7 829 (7.66%) HTML
8 768 (7.09%) Django
9 700 (6.47%) CSS
10 575 (5.31%) REST
11 545 (5.03%) Vue.js
12 498 (4.60%) Flask
13 381 (3.52%) HTML5
14 356 (3.29%) RESTful
15 296 (2.73%) GraphQL
16 276 (2.55%) .NET Core
17 273 (2.52%) Spring
18 244 (2.25%) Pandas
19 232 (2.14%) NumPy
20 221 (2.04%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 702 (6.48%) Analytical Skills
2 560 (5.17%) Algorithms
3 483 (4.46%) Hedge funds
4 435 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
5 386 (3.57%) Derivative
6 368 (3.40%) Equities
7 356 (3.29%) Data Structures
8 316 (2.92%) Fixed Income
9 292 (2.70%) Cloud Native
10 272 (2.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 257 (2.37%) Public Cloud
12 248 (2.29%) Mobile App
13 200 (1.85%) Linux Command Line
14 194 (1.79%) Data Centre
15 183 (1.69%) Management Information System
16 181 (1.67%) User Experience
17 180 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
18 138 (1.27%) Blog
19 113 (1.04%) Enterprise Software
20 90 (0.83%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,367 (21.86%) Linux
2 723 (6.68%) Windows
3 596 (5.51%) Unix
4 234 (2.16%) CentOS
5 215 (1.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 162 (1.50%) Android
7 159 (1.47%) Windows Server
8 137 (1.27%) Ubuntu
9 110 (1.02%) Apple iOS
10 54 (0.50%) Windows Server 2016
11 44 (0.41%) Debian
12 29 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 28 (0.26%) Windows 10
14 25 (0.23%) Fedora
15 22 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 22 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 19 (0.18%) Solaris
17 18 (0.17%) Robot Operating System
18 14 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
18 14 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,739 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
2 3,143 (29.03%) DevOps
3 2,557 (23.62%) Software Engineering
4 1,537 (14.20%) Analytics
5 1,468 (13.56%) Machine Learning
6 1,361 (12.57%) Data Science
7 1,212 (11.20%) Microservices
8 1,143 (10.56%) Computer Science
9 1,046 (9.66%) TDD
10 1,020 (9.42%) Test Automation
11 1,011 (9.34%) Problem-Solving
12 946 (8.74%) Business Intelligence
13 937 (8.66%) Fintech
14 867 (8.01%) Continuous Integration
15 858 (7.93%) Artificial Intelligence
16 846 (7.81%) Scrum
17 801 (7.40%) Infrastructure as Code
18 795 (7.34%) ETL
19 754 (6.96%) Configuration Management
20 750 (6.93%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,571 (32.99%) Java
2 3,292 (30.41%) SQL
3 2,865 (26.46%) JavaScript
4 1,865 (17.23%) C#
5 1,306 (12.06%) Go
6 1,280 (11.82%) C++
7 1,144 (10.57%) Bash Shell
8 833 (7.69%) Ruby
9 777 (7.18%) PowerShell
10 731 (6.75%) R
11 656 (6.06%) PHP
12 600 (5.54%) Scala
13 567 (5.24%) C
14 560 (5.17%) TypeScript
15 478 (4.42%) Perl
16 307 (2.84%) Shell Script
17 294 (2.72%) Kotlin
18 158 (1.46%) Java 8
19 152 (1.40%) Groovy
20 129 (1.19%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,423 (13.14%) Degree
2 516 (4.77%) Security Cleared
3 445 (4.11%) Computer Science Degree
4 379 (3.50%) SC Cleared
5 293 (2.71%) PhD
6 157 (1.45%) Numerate Degree
7 143 (1.32%) AWS Certification
8 138 (1.27%) Master's Degree
9 116 (1.07%) DV Cleared
10 87 (0.80%) Cisco Certification
11 61 (0.56%) ISTQB
12 59 (0.54%) CCNP
12 59 (0.54%) CIW
12 59 (0.54%) OCA
12 59 (0.54%) OCP
12 59 (0.54%) Oracle Certification
13 53 (0.49%) CISSP
14 43 (0.40%) GIAC
15 41 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
15 41 (0.38%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 473 (4.37%) QA
2 133 (1.23%) Data Quality
3 66 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 61 (0.56%) GDPR
5 57 (0.53%) SLA
6 31 (0.29%) NIST
7 26 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 20 (0.18%) MiFID
9 16 (0.15%) ISO 9001
10 14 (0.13%) NCSC
11 13 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 13 (0.12%) PMO
11 13 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 12 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 12 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 11 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
13 11 (0.10%) EMIR
14 10 (0.092%) ISO 22301
14 10 (0.092%) MISRA
14 10 (0.092%) MISRA C
System Software
1 2,786 (25.73%) Docker
2 274 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 162 (1.50%) Active Directory
4 79 (0.73%) Firmware
5 62 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
6 57 (0.53%) Hyper-V
7 56 (0.52%) HDFS
8 54 (0.50%) KVM
9 46 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
10 40 (0.37%) VirtualBox
11 32 (0.30%) Xen
12 26 (0.24%) vSphere
13 17 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 16 (0.15%) NFS
15 15 (0.14%) VMware NSX
16 14 (0.13%) BitLocker
17 12 (0.11%) Ceph
17 12 (0.11%) Samba
18 11 (0.10%) Postfix
19 9 (0.083%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 2,296 (21.21%) Kubernetes
2 1,621 (14.97%) Terraform
3 1,365 (12.61%) Ansible
4 851 (7.86%) Puppet
5 524 (4.84%) Opscode Chef
6 276 (2.55%) Prometheus
7 237 (2.19%) Grafana
8 107 (0.99%) Nagios
9 72 (0.67%) Packer
10 67 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
11 64 (0.59%) Kibana
12 51 (0.47%) Salt
13 49 (0.45%) Consul
14 38 (0.35%) Graphite
14 38 (0.35%) SCCM
15 37 (0.34%) Graylog
16 30 (0.28%) HAProxy
17 29 (0.27%) CFEngine
17 29 (0.27%) logstash
18 28 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 930 (8.59%) Microsoft
2 827 (7.64%) Google
3 550 (5.08%) Oracle
4 358 (3.31%) VMware
5 260 (2.40%) Red Hat
6 258 (2.38%) Databricks
7 177 (1.63%) SAP
8 166 (1.53%) Splunk
9 159 (1.47%) Atlassian
10 137 (1.27%) Cisco
11 127 (1.17%) IBM
11 127 (1.17%) SaltStack
12 102 (0.94%) Talend
13 99 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
14 86 (0.79%) New Relic
15 82 (0.76%) Informatica
16 73 (0.67%) Apple
17 67 (0.62%) Cloudera
18 59 (0.54%) Sybase
19 58 (0.54%) Dynatrace