Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 14 18
Rank change year-on-year +2 +4 +7
Permanent jobs citing Python 8,833 16,086 16,337
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.97% 11.30% 9.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.69% 21.07% 17.26%
Number of salaries quoted 7,578 13,281 13,366
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £96,250 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,777 76,359 94,678
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.58% 53.63% 55.75%
Number of salaries quoted 29,417 62,580 78,595
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,000 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 8,253 £65,000 +4.00% 1,270
London +3 4,952 £75,000 +7.14% 641
UK excluding London +4 3,736 £52,500 +5.00% 729
South East +3 1,106 £52,500 - 179
North of England +7 851 £52,500 +5.00% 145
Work from Home -4 607 £60,000 -7.69% 203
South West +2 538 £50,000 - 93
Midlands +22 432 £50,000 - 77
North West +9 423 £52,500 - 76
Yorkshire +5 368 £55,000 +10.73% 44
East of England +2 357 £57,500 +4.55% 130
West Midlands +24 301 £50,000 - 58
Scotland +1 294 £50,000 +11.11% 74
East Midlands +22 128 £45,000 - 19
Wales -1 88 £45,000 +7.14% 20
Northern Ireland +7 81 £45,000 -10.00% 12
North East +3 60 £47,500 +2.25% 25
Channel Islands -2 1 £70,000 -6.67%

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,306 (37.43%) AWS
2 3,009 (34.07%) Java
3 2,666 (30.18%) DevOps
4 2,604 (29.48%) Agile Software Development
5 2,405 (27.23%) SQL
6 2,194 (24.84%) Linux
7 2,113 (23.92%) JavaScript
8 2,040 (23.10%) Finance
9 1,997 (22.61%) Software Engineering
9 1,997 (22.61%) Azure
10 1,951 (22.09%) Docker
11 1,609 (18.22%) Kubernetes
12 1,470 (16.64%) C#
13 1,310 (14.83%) C++
14 1,269 (14.37%) Analytics
15 1,254 (14.20%) Degree
16 1,249 (14.14%) Git (software)
17 1,216 (13.77%) Jenkins
18 1,211 (13.71%) GCP
19 1,194 (13.52%) Terraform
20 1,159 (13.12%) Ansible
21 1,101 (12.46%) Bash Shell
22 1,049 (11.88%) Machine Learning
23 954 (10.80%) Data Science
24 953 (10.79%) Web Services
25 922 (10.44%) Computer Science
26 917 (10.38%) Microservices
27 902 (10.21%) R
28 891 (10.09%) Node.js
29 862 (9.76%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 560 (6.34%) Apache Spark
2 395 (4.47%) Apache
3 259 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
4 224 (2.54%) Confluence
5 141 (1.60%) SAS
6 100 (1.13%) Apache Airflow
7 95 (1.08%) OpenStack
8 85 (0.96%) Tomcat
9 78 (0.88%) nginx
10 65 (0.74%) Jupyter
11 53 (0.60%) SharePoint
12 42 (0.48%) IIS
13 41 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
14 38 (0.43%) JBoss
15 36 (0.41%) WebSphere
16 29 (0.33%) WordPress
17 27 (0.31%) WebLogic
18 26 (0.29%) CMS
18 26 (0.29%) Luigi
19 23 (0.26%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 163 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 65 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 17 (0.19%) MS Visio
6 16 (0.18%) SPSS
7 7 (0.079%) S-PLUS
8 5 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.045%) Blender
9 4 (0.045%) Figma
9 4 (0.045%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.045%) Simulink
9 4 (0.045%) Sketch
10 3 (0.034%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.034%) OrCAD
10 3 (0.034%) Stata
11 2 (0.023%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.023%) AutoCAD
11 2 (0.023%) EViews
Business Applications
1 68 (0.77%) Eagle PACE
1 68 (0.77%) Markit EDM
2 57 (0.65%) PolarLake
3 41 (0.46%) FINCAD Analytics
4 14 (0.16%) Magento
5 12 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 11 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 10 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.11%) Sentinel
8 9 (0.10%) FastStats
9 7 (0.079%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
10 6 (0.068%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.057%) Front Arena
11 5 (0.057%) SAP CRM
11 5 (0.057%) SAP ERP
11 5 (0.057%) SAP IS-U
11 5 (0.057%) Shopify
12 4 (0.045%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.045%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 3,306 (37.43%) AWS
2 1,997 (22.61%) Azure
3 1,211 (13.71%) GCP
4 677 (7.66%) Serverless
5 490 (5.55%) AWS Lambda
6 462 (5.23%) SaaS
7 421 (4.77%) Power Platform
8 300 (3.40%) AWS CloudFormation
9 299 (3.39%) GitHub
10 277 (3.14%) Amazon S3
11 269 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
12 222 (2.51%) Amazon ECS
13 216 (2.45%) Cloud Computing
14 204 (2.31%) PaaS
15 179 (2.03%) IaaS
16 174 (1.97%) OpenShift
17 117 (1.32%) Office 365
18 100 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 94 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
20 93 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 295 (3.34%) Firewall
2 218 (2.47%) TCP/IP
3 205 (2.32%) DNS
4 149 (1.69%) HTTP
5 140 (1.58%) Network Security
6 127 (1.44%) Internet
7 126 (1.43%) VPN
8 103 (1.17%) BGP
9 94 (1.06%) WAN
10 93 (1.05%) Wireless
11 77 (0.87%) OSPF
12 75 (0.85%) MPLS
13 73 (0.83%) Skype
14 70 (0.79%) DHCP
14 70 (0.79%) LAN
15 69 (0.78%) SNMP
16 62 (0.70%) Wireshark
17 59 (0.67%) VoIP
18 55 (0.62%) SAN
19 45 (0.51%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 807 (9.14%) SQL Server
2 794 (8.99%) Big Data
3 719 (8.14%) NoSQL
4 690 (7.81%) PostgreSQL
5 572 (6.48%) MySQL
6 533 (6.03%) Hadoop
7 477 (5.40%) Data Warehouse
8 444 (5.03%) MongoDB
9 396 (4.48%) Power BI
10 358 (4.05%) Relational Database
11 325 (3.68%) Data Lake
12 288 (3.26%) Amazon Redshift
13 219 (2.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 201 (2.28%) Redis
15 200 (2.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 175 (1.98%) Apache Cassandra
16 175 (1.98%) Apache Hive
17 156 (1.77%) BigQuery
18 134 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
19 125 (1.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,249 (14.14%) Git (software)
2 1,216 (13.77%) Jenkins
3 448 (5.07%) JIRA
4 325 (3.68%) GitLab
5 315 (3.57%) Selenium
6 192 (2.17%) Cucumber
7 185 (2.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 164 (1.86%) TeamCity
9 154 (1.74%) Bitbucket
10 148 (1.68%) Artifactory
11 133 (1.51%) Subversion
12 127 (1.44%) Maven
13 105 (1.19%) Octopus Deploy
14 92 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
15 88 (1.00%) JUnit
16 85 (0.96%) Visual Studio
17 68 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
18 67 (0.76%) Gradle
19 64 (0.72%) CircleCI
20 63 (0.71%) Vagrant
General
1 2,040 (23.10%) Finance
2 597 (6.76%) Banking
3 555 (6.28%) Front Office
4 311 (3.52%) Marketing
5 244 (2.76%) Games
6 217 (2.46%) Law
7 213 (2.41%) Retail
8 182 (2.06%) Investment Banking
9 175 (1.98%) Public Sector
10 173 (1.96%) Back Office
11 151 (1.71%) Telecoms
12 131 (1.48%) Advertising
13 129 (1.46%) Legal
14 113 (1.28%) Electronics
15 106 (1.20%) Manufacturing
16 60 (0.68%) Aerospace
17 57 (0.65%) Financial Institution
18 39 (0.44%) Automotive
19 29 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
20 27 (0.31%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,517 (28.50%) Developer
2 1,026 (11.62%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,011 (11.45%) Python Developer
4 997 (11.29%) Software Engineer
5 727 (8.23%) Python Engineer
6 692 (7.83%) Data Engineer
7 549 (6.22%) AWS Engineer
8 530 (6.00%) Analyst
9 424 (4.80%) Senior Developer
10 360 (4.08%) Architect
11 342 (3.87%) Data Scientist
11 342 (3.87%) Software Developer
12 311 (3.52%) Java Developer
13 299 (3.39%) Cloud Engineer
14 265 (3.00%) Full Stack Developer
15 264 (2.99%) Junior
16 249 (2.82%) AWS DevOps
17 248 (2.81%) Python Software Engineer
18 225 (2.55%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 209 (2.37%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 953 (10.79%) Web Services
2 891 (10.09%) Node.js
3 744 (8.42%) .NET
4 741 (8.39%) React
5 664 (7.52%) AngularJS
6 634 (7.18%) HTML
7 529 (5.99%) Django
8 484 (5.48%) CSS
9 439 (4.97%) REST
10 427 (4.83%) Kafka
11 345 (3.91%) Vue.js
12 342 (3.87%) RESTful
13 325 (3.68%) Flask
14 244 (2.76%) Pandas
15 231 (2.62%) JSON
16 230 (2.60%) HTML5
17 223 (2.52%) XML
18 195 (2.21%) NumPy
19 188 (2.13%) Spring
20 182 (2.06%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 761 (8.62%) Analytical Skills
2 617 (6.99%) Hedge funds
3 526 (5.95%) Algorithms
4 434 (4.91%) Fixed Income
5 426 (4.82%) Derivative
6 404 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
7 286 (3.24%) Equities
8 265 (3.00%) Public Cloud
9 233 (2.64%) User Experience
10 218 (2.47%) Mobile App
11 204 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 192 (2.17%) Data Structures
13 163 (1.85%) Data Centre
14 159 (1.80%) Cloud Native
15 150 (1.70%) Management Information System
16 143 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
17 106 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
18 94 (1.06%) Reference Data
19 91 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
20 74 (0.84%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,194 (24.84%) Linux
2 862 (9.76%) Windows
3 469 (5.31%) Unix
4 235 (2.66%) Android
5 234 (2.65%) CentOS
6 206 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 180 (2.04%) Apple iOS
8 157 (1.78%) Windows Server
9 152 (1.72%) Ubuntu
10 59 (0.67%) Debian
11 42 (0.48%) Mac OS X
12 37 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 37 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
13 33 (0.37%) Solaris
14 25 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
15 20 (0.23%) VMS
16 19 (0.22%) Windows 10
17 16 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
18 14 (0.16%) Fedora
18 14 (0.16%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,666 (30.18%) DevOps
2 2,604 (29.48%) Agile Software Development
3 1,997 (22.61%) Software Engineering
4 1,269 (14.37%) Analytics
5 1,049 (11.88%) Machine Learning
6 954 (10.80%) Data Science
7 922 (10.44%) Computer Science
8 917 (10.38%) Microservices
9 855 (9.68%) Fintech
10 794 (8.99%) Test Automation
11 779 (8.82%) Continuous Integration
12 736 (8.33%) Artificial Intelligence
13 698 (7.90%) Problem-Solving
14 679 (7.69%) Business Intelligence
15 669 (7.57%) Asset Management
16 646 (7.31%) Mentoring
17 634 (7.18%) TDD
18 621 (7.03%) Mathematics
19 600 (6.79%) Open Source
20 580 (6.57%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 3,009 (34.07%) Java
2 2,405 (27.23%) SQL
3 2,113 (23.92%) JavaScript
4 1,470 (16.64%) C#
5 1,310 (14.83%) C++
6 1,101 (12.46%) Bash Shell
7 902 (10.21%) R
8 837 (9.48%) PowerShell
9 811 (9.18%) Go
10 783 (8.86%) Ruby
11 590 (6.68%) C
12 545 (6.17%) Scala
13 495 (5.60%) PHP
14 465 (5.26%) Perl
15 277 (3.14%) Shell Script
16 237 (2.68%) TypeScript
17 230 (2.60%) Kotlin
18 197 (2.23%) MATLAB
19 160 (1.81%) Groovy
20 130 (1.47%) VBA
Qualifications
1 1,254 (14.20%) Degree
2 424 (4.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 353 (4.00%) Security Cleared
4 227 (2.57%) PhD
5 218 (2.47%) SC Cleared
6 156 (1.77%) DV Cleared
7 138 (1.56%) Cisco Certification
8 119 (1.35%) AWS Certification
9 89 (1.01%) CCNP
10 78 (0.88%) Master's Degree
11 74 (0.84%) CISSP
11 74 (0.84%) Numerate Degree
12 69 (0.78%) ISTQB
13 66 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
14 63 (0.71%) CCNA
15 55 (0.62%) SANS
16 48 (0.54%) ISEB
17 47 (0.53%) CISM
18 45 (0.51%) CCIE
19 43 (0.49%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 405 (4.59%) QA
2 93 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 81 (0.92%) GDPR
4 79 (0.89%) GAAP
5 68 (0.77%) NIST
6 58 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 39 (0.44%) SLA
8 20 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 18 (0.20%) NIST 800
10 17 (0.19%) COBIT
11 14 (0.16%) PMO
12 12 (0.14%) MiFID
13 11 (0.12%) ISO 9001
14 9 (0.10%) ISO 13485
15 8 (0.091%) HIPAA
16 7 (0.079%) Actionable Recommendations
16 7 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
16 7 (0.079%) EMIR
17 6 (0.068%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 5 (0.057%) AICPA
System Software
1 1,951 (22.09%) Docker
2 257 (2.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 150 (1.70%) Active Directory
4 102 (1.15%) Hyper-V
5 57 (0.65%) Firmware
6 47 (0.53%) HDFS
7 36 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
8 33 (0.37%) KVM
9 32 (0.36%) VirtualBox
10 31 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 30 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
12 25 (0.28%) vSphere
13 21 (0.24%) VMware NSX
14 16 (0.18%) Xen
15 14 (0.16%) NFS
16 12 (0.14%) Ceph
16 12 (0.14%) Samba
17 11 (0.12%) GlusterFS
18 10 (0.11%) vCloud
18 10 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,609 (18.22%) Kubernetes
2 1,194 (13.52%) Terraform
3 1,159 (13.12%) Ansible
4 622 (7.04%) Puppet
5 424 (4.80%) Opscode Chef
6 184 (2.08%) Grafana
7 153 (1.73%) Prometheus
8 101 (1.14%) Packer
9 99 (1.12%) Nagios
10 72 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
11 67 (0.76%) Kibana
12 60 (0.68%) Graphite
13 57 (0.65%) Consul
14 52 (0.59%) Salt
15 39 (0.44%) Nessus
16 37 (0.42%) ZABBIX
17 36 (0.41%) SCCM
18 32 (0.36%) Rancher
19 26 (0.29%) logstash
20 25 (0.28%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 691 (7.82%) Google
2 655 (7.42%) Microsoft
3 501 (5.67%) Oracle
4 430 (4.87%) Tableau
5 337 (3.82%) VMware
6 246 (2.79%) Splunk
7 220 (2.49%) Red Hat
8 173 (1.96%) Cisco
9 163 (1.85%) Bloomberg
10 158 (1.79%) Databricks
11 112 (1.27%) Alteryx
11 112 (1.27%) Teradata
12 103 (1.17%) IBM
13 94 (1.06%) Blue Prism
14 93 (1.05%) UiPath
15 87 (0.98%) Automation Anywhere
16 86 (0.97%) Atlassian
16 86 (0.97%) Cadence
17 76 (0.86%) Cloudera
18 70 (0.79%) SAP