Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 17 19
Rank change year-on-year +5 +2 +6
Permanent jobs citing Python 10,900 16,105 16,065
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.59% 11.20% 9.28%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.79% 20.67% 16.55%
Number of salaries quoted 9,301 13,511 13,136
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.00% - +11.11%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 47,829 77,919 97,049
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.25% 54.18% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 39,279 63,690 80,835
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +7.14%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 10,232 £65,000 +6.56% 1,103
London -2 6,138 £75,000 +7.14% 551
UK excluding London -1 4,597 £51,500 +3.00% 618
South East +3 1,480 £52,500 +5.00% 138
North of England +6 1,024 £52,500 - 138
Work from Home -1 661 £65,000 - 130
South West +3 617 £50,000 +5.26% 91
Midlands +25 513 £50,000 +5.26% 83
North West +6 490 £52,500 - 82
Yorkshire +9 448 £55,000 +10.00% 36
East of England +2 432 £55,000 - 104
Scotland +7 375 £50,000 +11.11% 41
West Midlands +28 356 £50,000 - 53
East Midlands +22 156 £50,000 +20.48% 29
Wales -9 99 £42,500 +5.59% 16
North East +7 86 £47,500 -3.72% 20
Northern Ireland +6 68 £40,000 -20.00% 9
Channel Islands -4 1 £70,000 -6.67%

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,741 (34.32%) Java
2 3,729 (34.21%) AWS
3 3,394 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
4 3,147 (28.87%) SQL
5 3,049 (27.97%) DevOps
6 2,732 (25.06%) Linux
7 2,546 (23.36%) JavaScript
8 2,470 (22.66%) Software Engineering
9 2,425 (22.25%) Finance
9 2,425 (22.25%) Docker
10 2,297 (21.07%) Azure
11 1,934 (17.74%) Kubernetes
12 1,882 (17.27%) C#
13 1,833 (16.82%) Analytics
14 1,680 (15.41%) C++
15 1,606 (14.73%) Degree
16 1,561 (14.32%) Git (software)
17 1,455 (13.35%) Ansible
18 1,452 (13.32%) Jenkins
19 1,429 (13.11%) Bash Shell
20 1,424 (13.06%) Machine Learning
21 1,378 (12.64%) Data Science
22 1,372 (12.59%) Terraform
23 1,354 (12.42%) GCP
24 1,164 (10.68%) Computer Science
25 1,139 (10.45%) R
26 1,136 (10.42%) Windows
27 1,063 (9.75%) Big Data
28 1,053 (9.66%) Test Automation
29 1,039 (9.53%) Node.js

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 775 (7.11%) Apache Spark
2 392 (3.60%) Apache
3 316 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
4 280 (2.57%) Confluence
5 195 (1.79%) SAS
6 150 (1.38%) Apache Airflow
7 132 (1.21%) OpenStack
8 119 (1.09%) Tomcat
9 98 (0.90%) nginx
10 94 (0.86%) Jupyter
11 81 (0.74%) IIS
12 59 (0.54%) WebSphere
13 58 (0.53%) SharePoint
14 54 (0.50%) JBoss
15 50 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
16 42 (0.39%) Luigi
17 32 (0.29%) Apache Solr
18 31 (0.28%) ArcGIS
18 31 (0.28%) CMS
19 27 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 235 (2.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 55 (0.50%) SPSS
4 33 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 19 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 13 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.064%) Simulink
8 6 (0.055%) S-PLUS
9 5 (0.046%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.046%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
10 4 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
10 4 (0.037%) Adobe XD
10 4 (0.037%) GNU Octave
10 4 (0.037%) Notepad++
10 4 (0.037%) Sketch
10 4 (0.037%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.028%) Blender
11 3 (0.028%) Gephi
11 3 (0.028%) Stata
Business Applications
1 83 (0.76%) FINCAD Analytics
2 64 (0.59%) Eagle PACE
2 64 (0.59%) Markit EDM
2 64 (0.59%) PolarLake
3 20 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.11%) FastStats
5 10 (0.092%) Dynamics CRM
6 9 (0.083%) Magento
6 9 (0.083%) Payment Gateway
7 8 (0.073%) Sentinel
7 8 (0.073%) Shopify
8 7 (0.064%) Oracle Applications
8 7 (0.064%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.064%) SAP ERP
9 6 (0.055%) Relativity
10 5 (0.046%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.046%) SAP IS-U
11 4 (0.037%) Actimize
11 4 (0.037%) assyst
11 4 (0.037%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 3,729 (34.21%) AWS
2 2,297 (21.07%) Azure
3 1,354 (12.42%) GCP
4 689 (6.32%) Serverless
5 518 (4.75%) SaaS
6 499 (4.58%) Power Platform
7 450 (4.13%) AWS Lambda
8 335 (3.07%) Amazon S3
9 328 (3.01%) AWS CloudFormation
10 321 (2.94%) GitHub
11 284 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
12 238 (2.18%) OpenShift
13 228 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
13 228 (2.09%) Cloud Computing
14 205 (1.88%) PaaS
15 163 (1.50%) IaaS
16 137 (1.26%) Amazon EMR
17 134 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
18 126 (1.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 120 (1.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 338 (3.10%) Firewall
2 316 (2.90%) TCP/IP
3 229 (2.10%) DNS
4 190 (1.74%) HTTP
5 183 (1.68%) Internet
6 136 (1.25%) VPN
7 125 (1.15%) Network Security
8 111 (1.02%) BGP
9 107 (0.98%) WAN
10 91 (0.83%) Wireshark
11 86 (0.79%) DHCP
12 77 (0.71%) MPLS
12 77 (0.71%) Wireless
13 76 (0.70%) LAN
14 66 (0.61%) OSPF
15 65 (0.60%) SAN
16 57 (0.52%) VoIP
17 56 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
18 55 (0.50%) SNMP
19 54 (0.50%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,063 (9.75%) Big Data
2 924 (8.48%) PostgreSQL
3 907 (8.32%) SQL Server
4 874 (8.02%) NoSQL
5 728 (6.68%) MySQL
6 705 (6.47%) Hadoop
7 637 (5.84%) Data Warehouse
8 560 (5.14%) Relational Database
9 483 (4.43%) MongoDB
10 482 (4.42%) Power BI
11 376 (3.45%) Amazon Redshift
12 369 (3.39%) Data Lake
13 295 (2.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 273 (2.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 265 (2.43%) Redis
16 216 (1.98%) Amazon Athena
17 207 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
18 205 (1.88%) Apache Hive
19 204 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
20 184 (1.69%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,561 (14.32%) Git (software)
2 1,452 (13.32%) Jenkins
3 602 (5.52%) JIRA
4 347 (3.18%) Selenium
5 321 (2.94%) GitLab
6 256 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 221 (2.03%) Cucumber
8 201 (1.84%) Bitbucket
9 198 (1.82%) Subversion
10 185 (1.70%) TeamCity
11 150 (1.38%) Artifactory
12 143 (1.31%) Maven
13 117 (1.07%) Vagrant
13 117 (1.07%) Visual Studio
14 110 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
15 106 (0.97%) JUnit
16 102 (0.94%) CircleCI
17 90 (0.83%) Octopus Deploy
18 83 (0.76%) JMeter
19 81 (0.74%) Eclipse
General
1 2,425 (22.25%) Finance
2 705 (6.47%) Banking
3 640 (5.87%) Front Office
4 431 (3.95%) Marketing
5 319 (2.93%) Retail
6 261 (2.39%) Games
7 211 (1.94%) Legal
8 192 (1.76%) Investment Banking
9 182 (1.67%) Telecoms
10 172 (1.58%) Back Office
11 169 (1.55%) Law
12 155 (1.42%) Public Sector
13 145 (1.33%) Electronics
14 142 (1.30%) Advertising
15 126 (1.16%) Manufacturing
16 98 (0.90%) Financial Institution
17 93 (0.85%) Automotive
18 84 (0.77%) Aerospace
19 49 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
20 32 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,067 (28.14%) Developer
2 1,189 (10.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,156 (10.61%) Software Engineer
4 1,093 (10.03%) Python Developer
5 868 (7.96%) Data Engineer
6 797 (7.31%) Python Engineer
7 713 (6.54%) Analyst
8 569 (5.22%) AWS Engineer
9 485 (4.45%) Java Developer
10 472 (4.33%) Senior Developer
11 446 (4.09%) Data Scientist
12 442 (4.06%) Software Developer
13 440 (4.04%) Architect
14 375 (3.44%) Junior
15 354 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
16 281 (2.58%) Python Software Engineer
17 270 (2.48%) Full Stack Developer
18 254 (2.33%) Data Analyst
19 240 (2.20%) AWS DevOps
20 233 (2.14%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,039 (9.53%) Node.js
2 1,007 (9.24%) Web Services
3 963 (8.83%) .NET
4 839 (7.70%) HTML
5 837 (7.68%) React
6 748 (6.86%) AngularJS
7 675 (6.19%) CSS
8 641 (5.88%) Django
9 596 (5.47%) REST
10 566 (5.19%) Kafka
11 438 (4.02%) RESTful
12 361 (3.31%) Flask
13 341 (3.13%) HTML5
14 300 (2.75%) Vue.js
15 259 (2.38%) Pandas
16 252 (2.31%) JSON
17 239 (2.19%) Natural Language Processing
18 234 (2.15%) Spring
19 214 (1.96%) TensorFlow
20 212 (1.94%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 997 (9.15%) Analytical Skills
2 675 (6.19%) Algorithms
3 647 (5.94%) Hedge funds
4 523 (4.80%) Derivative
5 486 (4.46%) Fixed Income
6 466 (4.28%) Greenfield Project
7 348 (3.19%) Public Cloud
8 346 (3.17%) User Experience
9 303 (2.78%) Equities
10 289 (2.65%) Data Structures
11 247 (2.27%) Mobile App
12 225 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 202 (1.85%) Management Information System
14 200 (1.83%) Cloud Native
15 193 (1.77%) Data Centre
16 176 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
17 155 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
18 130 (1.19%) Enterprise Software
19 121 (1.11%) Blog
20 94 (0.86%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 2,732 (25.06%) Linux
2 1,136 (10.42%) Windows
3 592 (5.43%) Unix
4 264 (2.42%) CentOS
5 248 (2.28%) Android
6 214 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 211 (1.94%) Apple iOS
8 191 (1.75%) Windows Server
9 160 (1.47%) Ubuntu
10 65 (0.60%) Debian
11 50 (0.46%) Solaris
12 43 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
13 42 (0.39%) Mac OS
14 38 (0.35%) VMS
15 35 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
16 33 (0.30%) Fedora
17 29 (0.27%) Kali Linux
18 28 (0.26%) Mac OS X
19 26 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
19 26 (0.24%) OS/400
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,394 (31.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3,049 (27.97%) DevOps
3 2,470 (22.66%) Software Engineering
4 1,833 (16.82%) Analytics
5 1,424 (13.06%) Machine Learning
6 1,378 (12.64%) Data Science
7 1,164 (10.68%) Computer Science
8 1,053 (9.66%) Test Automation
9 1,012 (9.28%) Microservices
10 1,000 (9.17%) Artificial Intelligence
11 998 (9.16%) Continuous Integration
12 970 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
13 964 (8.84%) Fintech
14 928 (8.51%) Business Intelligence
15 844 (7.74%) Scrum
16 835 (7.66%) TDD
17 797 (7.31%) Mathematics
18 789 (7.24%) Mentoring
19 756 (6.94%) ETL
20 715 (6.56%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,741 (34.32%) Java
2 3,147 (28.87%) SQL
3 2,546 (23.36%) JavaScript
4 1,882 (17.27%) C#
5 1,680 (15.41%) C++
6 1,429 (13.11%) Bash Shell
7 1,139 (10.45%) R
8 989 (9.07%) Ruby
9 949 (8.71%) PowerShell
10 939 (8.61%) Go
11 754 (6.92%) Scala
12 753 (6.91%) C
13 672 (6.17%) PHP
14 588 (5.39%) Perl
15 312 (2.86%) Shell Script
16 285 (2.61%) TypeScript
17 274 (2.51%) MATLAB
18 251 (2.30%) Kotlin
19 200 (1.83%) VBA
20 169 (1.55%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,606 (14.73%) Degree
2 503 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 455 (4.17%) Security Cleared
4 311 (2.85%) PhD
5 253 (2.32%) SC Cleared
6 207 (1.90%) DV Cleared
7 156 (1.43%) Cisco Certification
8 114 (1.05%) Master's Degree
9 110 (1.01%) CISSP
10 107 (0.98%) AWS Certification
11 90 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
12 86 (0.79%) CCNP
13 85 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
14 82 (0.75%) CCNA
14 82 (0.75%) ISTQB
15 77 (0.71%) SANS
16 68 (0.62%) OSCP
17 58 (0.53%) CREST Certified
18 49 (0.45%) ISEB
19 48 (0.44%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 521 (4.78%) QA
2 129 (1.18%) Data Quality
3 95 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 93 (0.85%) GAAP
4 93 (0.85%) GDPR
5 56 (0.51%) NIST
6 39 (0.36%) SLA
7 33 (0.30%) PCI DSS
8 16 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
9 15 (0.14%) ISO 9001
9 15 (0.14%) NIST 800
10 13 (0.12%) COBIT
11 12 (0.11%) MiFID
12 10 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 8 (0.073%) ISO 22301
14 7 (0.064%) Dodd-Frank
14 7 (0.064%) EMIR
14 7 (0.064%) ISO 13485
15 6 (0.055%) FINRA
16 5 (0.046%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 2,425 (22.25%) Docker
2 330 (3.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 152 (1.39%) Active Directory
4 100 (0.92%) Hyper-V
5 98 (0.90%) Firmware
6 74 (0.68%) VirtualBox
7 58 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 58 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
8 54 (0.50%) KVM
9 43 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
10 38 (0.35%) HDFS
10 38 (0.35%) NFS
11 35 (0.32%) Apache Flume
12 31 (0.28%) vSphere
13 30 (0.28%) Xen
14 23 (0.21%) Samba
15 22 (0.20%) VMware NSX
16 18 (0.17%) XenApp
16 18 (0.17%) XenDesktop
17 15 (0.14%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 1,934 (17.74%) Kubernetes
2 1,455 (13.35%) Ansible
3 1,372 (12.59%) Terraform
4 767 (7.04%) Puppet
5 551 (5.06%) Opscode Chef
6 169 (1.55%) Prometheus
7 168 (1.54%) Grafana
8 149 (1.37%) Packer
9 126 (1.16%) Docker Swarm
9 126 (1.16%) Nagios
10 99 (0.91%) Salt
11 85 (0.78%) Kibana
12 65 (0.60%) ZABBIX
13 61 (0.56%) Consul
13 61 (0.56%) Nessus
14 46 (0.42%) Graphite
15 42 (0.39%) Rancher
16 37 (0.34%) logstash
16 37 (0.34%) Oozie
17 31 (0.28%) SCCM
Vendors
1 842 (7.72%) Google
2 803 (7.37%) Microsoft
3 678 (6.22%) Oracle
4 568 (5.21%) Tableau
5 415 (3.81%) VMware
6 312 (2.86%) Red Hat
7 223 (2.05%) Splunk
8 209 (1.92%) Bloomberg
9 171 (1.57%) Cisco
10 162 (1.49%) Databricks
11 150 (1.38%) IBM
12 139 (1.28%) Atlassian
13 138 (1.27%) Teradata
14 136 (1.25%) Alteryx
15 117 (1.07%) Informatica
16 108 (0.99%) Talend
17 105 (0.96%) UiPath
18 104 (0.95%) Blue Prism
19 101 (0.93%) Cadence
20 98 (0.90%) Automation Anywhere