Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 14 19
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 7,686 15,439 16,246
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.53% 11.36% 9.93%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.17% 21.22% 17.89%
Number of salaries quoted 7,347 12,865 13,550
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £108,750 £100,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.04%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,372 72,742 90,786
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.36% 53.51% 55.50%
Number of salaries quoted 24,936 59,759 75,450
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +2.04%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 7,159 £65,000 +4.00% 1,751
London +2 4,332 £75,000 +3.45% 903
UK excluding London +5 3,152 £52,500 +5.00% 981
Work from Home +3 964 £60,000 -14.29% 339
South East +6 866 £55,000 +4.76% 211
North of England +7 773 £55,000 +6.80% 234
South West +1 469 £50,000 - 139
Midlands +29 369 £50,000 - 127
North West +12 359 £55,000 - 140
Yorkshire +6 353 £55,000 +10.00% 75
East of England +7 276 £55,000 +4.76% 135
West Midlands +27 272 £50,000 - 92
Scotland -1 254 £50,000 +11.11% 106
East Midlands +28 94 £42,500 -15.00% 35
Wales +6 87 £45,000 +5.88% 23
Northern Ireland +2 65 £55,000 - 8
North East +17 61 £47,500 +5.56% 19
Channel Islands +3 1 £40,000 -33.33% 1
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,080 (40.07%) AWS
2 2,533 (32.96%) Java
3 2,424 (31.54%) Agile Software Development
4 2,268 (29.51%) DevOps
5 2,171 (28.25%) SQL
6 1,943 (25.28%) JavaScript
7 1,911 (24.86%) Finance
8 1,839 (23.93%) Linux
9 1,744 (22.69%) Software Engineering
10 1,728 (22.48%) Docker
11 1,715 (22.31%) Azure
12 1,432 (18.63%) Kubernetes
13 1,171 (15.24%) C#
14 1,110 (14.44%) GCP
15 1,059 (13.78%) Terraform
16 1,023 (13.31%) Jenkins
17 1,007 (13.10%) Ansible
18 1,004 (13.06%) C++
19 966 (12.57%) Machine Learning
20 947 (12.32%) Analytics
21 942 (12.26%) Git (software)
22 927 (12.06%) Degree
23 869 (11.31%) Microservices
24 857 (11.15%) Web Services
25 825 (10.73%) Node.js
26 797 (10.37%) React
27 766 (9.97%) Data Science
28 752 (9.78%) Fintech
29 744 (9.68%) Bash Shell
30 740 (9.63%) Go

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 462 (6.01%) Apache Spark
2 339 (4.41%) Apache
3 286 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
4 179 (2.33%) Confluence
5 94 (1.22%) SAS
6 67 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
7 64 (0.83%) nginx
8 44 (0.57%) OpenStack
9 38 (0.49%) Tomcat
10 36 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
10 36 (0.47%) Jupyter
11 35 (0.46%) IIS
12 32 (0.42%) CMS
13 28 (0.36%) Skype for Business
14 27 (0.35%) SharePoint
15 26 (0.34%) WebLogic
15 26 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 24 (0.31%) WordPress
17 22 (0.29%) JBoss
18 18 (0.23%) Luigi
Applications
1 131 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.17%) Chatbot
4 13 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.12%) SPSS
6 8 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.078%) Maya
7 6 (0.078%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.065%) Blender
8 5 (0.065%) Simulink
8 5 (0.065%) Sketch
9 4 (0.052%) Figma
10 3 (0.039%) OrCAD
11 2 (0.026%) EViews
11 2 (0.026%) Fireworks
11 2 (0.026%) S-PLUS
11 2 (0.026%) SPSS Modeler
11 2 (0.026%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 98 (1.28%) Markit EDM
2 96 (1.25%) Eagle PACE
3 72 (0.94%) PolarLake
4 21 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 18 (0.23%) Magento
6 10 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
6 10 (0.13%) Odoo
7 9 (0.12%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 8 (0.10%) Sentinel
9 7 (0.091%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.091%) Shopify
10 5 (0.065%) Distributed Ledger
10 5 (0.065%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.052%) Front Arena
12 3 (0.039%) Actimize
12 3 (0.039%) MoSes
12 3 (0.039%) SAP Business One
12 3 (0.039%) WebTrends
13 2 (0.026%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,080 (40.07%) AWS
2 1,715 (22.31%) Azure
3 1,110 (14.44%) GCP
4 729 (9.48%) Serverless
5 580 (7.55%) AWS Lambda
6 428 (5.57%) SaaS
7 378 (4.92%) Power Platform
8 335 (4.36%) Amazon S3
9 297 (3.86%) GitHub
10 294 (3.83%) Amazon EC2
11 291 (3.79%) AWS CloudFormation
12 234 (3.04%) PaaS
13 217 (2.82%) IaaS
14 185 (2.41%) Amazon ECS
15 166 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
16 103 (1.34%) OpenShift
17 101 (1.31%) Office 365
18 98 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 94 (1.22%) Amazon Kinesis
20 89 (1.16%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 233 (3.03%) Firewall
2 198 (2.58%) DNS
3 181 (2.35%) TCP/IP
4 130 (1.69%) HTTP
5 126 (1.64%) Internet
6 104 (1.35%) Network Security
7 99 (1.29%) VPN
8 95 (1.24%) Wireless
9 91 (1.18%) BGP
10 87 (1.13%) OSPF
11 70 (0.91%) Skype
12 66 (0.86%) SNMP
13 64 (0.83%) MPLS
14 59 (0.77%) WAN
15 53 (0.69%) LAN
16 52 (0.68%) DHCP
16 52 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
17 49 (0.64%) VoIP
18 46 (0.60%) Wireshark
19 45 (0.59%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 690 (8.98%) PostgreSQL
2 668 (8.69%) Big Data
3 627 (8.16%) NoSQL
4 569 (7.40%) SQL Server
5 480 (6.25%) MySQL
6 419 (5.45%) Data Warehouse
7 380 (4.94%) MongoDB
8 371 (4.83%) Hadoop
9 338 (4.40%) Power BI
10 310 (4.03%) Relational Database
11 264 (3.43%) Tableau
12 252 (3.28%) Data Lake
13 249 (3.24%) Amazon Redshift
14 228 (2.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 170 (2.21%) Redis
16 158 (2.06%) Apache Hive
17 147 (1.91%) BigQuery
18 141 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 131 (1.70%) Amazon RDS
20 109 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,023 (13.31%) Jenkins
2 942 (12.26%) Git (software)
3 405 (5.27%) JIRA
4 316 (4.11%) GitLab
5 261 (3.40%) Selenium
6 153 (1.99%) TeamCity
7 142 (1.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 134 (1.74%) Cucumber
9 128 (1.67%) Artifactory
10 104 (1.35%) Bitbucket
11 102 (1.33%) Subversion
12 86 (1.12%) Sonatype Nexus
13 79 (1.03%) Maven
14 75 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
15 68 (0.88%) Gradle
16 65 (0.85%) Team Foundation Server
17 64 (0.83%) Visual Studio
18 58 (0.75%) Appium
19 55 (0.72%) JUnit
20 52 (0.68%) CircleCI
General
1 1,911 (24.86%) Finance
2 625 (8.13%) Front Office
3 495 (6.44%) Banking
4 215 (2.80%) Games
5 209 (2.72%) Marketing
6 197 (2.56%) Back Office
7 194 (2.52%) Public Sector
8 170 (2.21%) Law
9 163 (2.12%) Investment Banking
10 162 (2.11%) Retail
11 137 (1.78%) Telecoms
12 120 (1.56%) Advertising
13 106 (1.38%) Electronics
14 105 (1.37%) Manufacturing
15 45 (0.59%) Financial Institution
16 37 (0.48%) Aerospace
17 29 (0.38%) Publishing
18 28 (0.36%) Automotive
19 26 (0.34%) Legal
20 25 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,355 (30.64%) Developer
2 1,080 (14.05%) Python Developer
3 971 (12.63%) Software Engineer
4 911 (11.85%) DevOps Engineer
5 774 (10.07%) Python Engineer
6 609 (7.92%) Data Engineer
7 470 (6.12%) AWS Engineer
8 455 (5.92%) Senior Developer
9 391 (5.09%) Analyst
10 324 (4.22%) Architect
11 322 (4.19%) Python Software Engineer
12 297 (3.86%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 280 (3.64%) Data Scientist
14 272 (3.54%) AWS DevOps
15 270 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
16 255 (3.32%) Java Developer
17 245 (3.19%) Software Developer
18 242 (3.15%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 210 (2.73%) Senior Python Developer
20 195 (2.54%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 857 (11.15%) Web Services
2 825 (10.73%) Node.js
3 797 (10.37%) React
4 698 (9.08%) AngularJS
5 585 (7.61%) .NET
6 566 (7.36%) Django
7 470 (6.12%) HTML
8 455 (5.92%) Vue.js
9 439 (5.71%) Kafka
10 382 (4.97%) REST
11 375 (4.88%) CSS
12 333 (4.33%) Flask
13 266 (3.46%) RESTful
14 216 (2.81%) Pandas
15 192 (2.50%) Spring
16 189 (2.46%) NumPy
17 180 (2.34%) Natural Language Processing
18 173 (2.25%) TensorFlow
19 170 (2.21%) RabbitMQ
20 162 (2.11%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 701 (9.12%) Hedge funds
2 541 (7.04%) Fixed Income
3 503 (6.54%) Derivative
4 487 (6.34%) Analytical Skills
5 428 (5.57%) Algorithms
6 427 (5.56%) Equities
7 387 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
8 292 (3.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 203 (2.64%) Mobile App
10 200 (2.60%) Public Cloud
11 182 (2.37%) Cloud Native
12 167 (2.17%) Data Structures
13 146 (1.90%) Management Information System
14 140 (1.82%) User Experience
15 137 (1.78%) Data Centre
16 111 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
17 109 (1.42%) Reference Data
18 90 (1.17%) Blog
19 75 (0.98%) Credit Derivative
20 73 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,839 (23.93%) Linux
2 599 (7.79%) Windows
3 412 (5.36%) Unix
4 210 (2.73%) CentOS
5 202 (2.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 139 (1.81%) Android
7 113 (1.47%) Windows Server
8 104 (1.35%) Ubuntu
9 92 (1.20%) Apple iOS
10 42 (0.55%) Mac OS X
11 41 (0.53%) Debian
12 28 (0.36%) Windows 10
13 25 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 22 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (0.26%) Fedora
15 20 (0.26%) VMS
16 19 (0.25%) Solaris
17 12 (0.16%) Mesosphere
17 12 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
18 11 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,424 (31.54%) Agile Software Development
2 2,268 (29.51%) DevOps
3 1,744 (22.69%) Software Engineering
4 966 (12.57%) Machine Learning
5 947 (12.32%) Analytics
6 869 (11.31%) Microservices
7 766 (9.97%) Data Science
8 752 (9.78%) Fintech
9 732 (9.52%) Computer Science
10 692 (9.00%) Asset Management
11 688 (8.95%) Test Automation
12 649 (8.44%) TDD
13 638 (8.30%) Artificial Intelligence
14 561 (7.30%) Continuous Integration
14 561 (7.30%) Problem-Solving
15 559 (7.27%) Mentoring
16 535 (6.96%) Scrum
17 508 (6.61%) Open Source
18 494 (6.43%) Business Intelligence
19 475 (6.18%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,533 (32.96%) Java
2 2,171 (28.25%) SQL
3 1,943 (25.28%) JavaScript
4 1,171 (15.24%) C#
5 1,004 (13.06%) C++
6 744 (9.68%) Bash Shell
7 740 (9.63%) Go
8 687 (8.94%) R
9 655 (8.52%) PowerShell
10 597 (7.77%) Ruby
11 451 (5.87%) C
12 414 (5.39%) Scala
13 406 (5.28%) PHP
14 364 (4.74%) Perl
15 285 (3.71%) TypeScript
16 267 (3.47%) Shell Script
17 252 (3.28%) Kotlin
18 123 (1.60%) MATLAB
19 93 (1.21%) PL/SQL
20 91 (1.18%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 927 (12.06%) Degree
2 323 (4.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 309 (4.02%) Security Cleared
4 210 (2.73%) SC Cleared
5 194 (2.52%) PhD
6 120 (1.56%) AWS Certification
7 103 (1.34%) DV Cleared
8 93 (1.21%) Cisco Certification
9 82 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
10 71 (0.92%) Master's Degree
11 67 (0.87%) CCNP
12 60 (0.78%) ISTQB
13 56 (0.73%) Sun Certification
14 44 (0.57%) CISSP
15 42 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
16 41 (0.53%) CCIE
17 39 (0.51%) CCNA
18 35 (0.46%) ISEB
19 34 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
20 32 (0.42%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 321 (4.18%) QA
2 62 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 62 (0.81%) NIST
3 57 (0.74%) GDPR
4 55 (0.72%) Data Quality
5 53 (0.69%) SLA
6 24 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.27%) PMO
8 15 (0.20%) MiFID
8 15 (0.20%) NIST 800
9 11 (0.14%) COBIT
10 10 (0.13%) EMIR
11 9 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
12 8 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 6 (0.078%) ISO 13485
13 6 (0.078%) ISO 22301
13 6 (0.078%) ISO 9001
13 6 (0.078%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.052%) HIPAA
15 3 (0.039%) UCITS
System Software
1 1,728 (22.48%) Docker
2 173 (2.25%) VMware Infrastructure
3 150 (1.95%) Active Directory
4 63 (0.82%) Hyper-V
5 58 (0.75%) HDFS
6 37 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.47%) Firmware
8 21 (0.27%) KVM
9 20 (0.26%) Xen
10 17 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 15 (0.20%) Ceph
11 15 (0.20%) VirtualBox
12 12 (0.16%) VMware NSX
13 10 (0.13%) GlusterFS
13 10 (0.13%) RHEV
14 9 (0.12%) Apache Flume
14 9 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
14 9 (0.12%) vSphere
15 8 (0.10%) BitLocker
15 8 (0.10%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,432 (18.63%) Kubernetes
2 1,059 (13.78%) Terraform
3 1,007 (13.10%) Ansible
4 582 (7.57%) Puppet
5 336 (4.37%) Opscode Chef
6 201 (2.62%) Grafana
7 138 (1.80%) Prometheus
8 93 (1.21%) Nagios
9 52 (0.68%) Graphite
10 47 (0.61%) Kibana
11 44 (0.57%) Packer
12 41 (0.53%) SCCM
13 34 (0.44%) ZABBIX
14 31 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
14 31 (0.40%) Salt
15 29 (0.38%) Consul
16 28 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
17 23 (0.30%) Rancher
18 21 (0.27%) logstash
19 17 (0.22%) Control-M
Vendors
1 569 (7.40%) Google
2 557 (7.25%) Microsoft
3 329 (4.28%) Oracle
4 244 (3.17%) VMware
5 196 (2.55%) Splunk
6 171 (2.22%) Databricks
7 169 (2.20%) Red Hat
8 144 (1.87%) Bloomberg
9 131 (1.70%) Cisco
10 88 (1.14%) Atlassian
11 83 (1.08%) Cloudera
11 83 (1.08%) SAP
12 75 (0.98%) IBM
13 69 (0.90%) New Relic
14 67 (0.87%) ServiceNow
15 65 (0.85%) Informatica
16 59 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
17 52 (0.68%) Talend
18 51 (0.66%) SaltStack
19 49 (0.64%) Palo Alto