Period
to 18 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 14 19
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +6
Permanent jobs citing Python 7,668 16,004 16,363
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.18% 11.30% 9.75%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.83% 21.14% 17.52%
Number of salaries quoted 6,924 13,204 13,518
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £38,750 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £97,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,686 75,692 93,419
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.75% 53.46% 55.69%
Number of salaries quoted 24,814 61,848 77,658
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 7,155 £65,000 +4.00% 1,539
London +2 4,366 £75,000 +3.45% 792
UK excluding London +5 3,145 £52,500 +5.00% 851
South East +5 915 £55,000 +4.76% 188
North of England +7 727 £55,000 +10.00% 197
Work from Home +1 702 £60,000 -14.29% 242
South West 0 451 £50,000 - 131
North West +12 368 £55,000 +4.76% 98
Midlands +25 355 £50,000 - 85
Yorkshire +6 305 £55,000 +10.00% 74
East of England +5 298 £57,500 +4.55% 140
Scotland 0 260 £50,000 +11.11% 76
West Midlands +27 251 £50,000 - 64
East Midlands +25 101 £42,500 -12.82% 21
Wales +4 82 £45,000 +5.88% 22
Northern Ireland +3 69 £50,000 -13.04% 12
North East +11 54 £45,000 - 25

For the 6 months to 18 September 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,100 (40.43%) AWS
2 2,577 (33.61%) Java
3 2,315 (30.19%) DevOps
4 2,314 (30.18%) Agile Software Development
5 2,050 (26.73%) SQL
6 1,976 (25.77%) Finance
7 1,885 (24.58%) JavaScript
8 1,849 (24.11%) Linux
9 1,767 (23.04%) Software Engineering
10 1,765 (23.02%) Azure
11 1,683 (21.95%) Docker
12 1,446 (18.86%) Kubernetes
13 1,167 (15.22%) GCP
14 1,162 (15.15%) C#
15 1,064 (13.88%) C++
16 1,048 (13.67%) Jenkins
17 1,044 (13.62%) Terraform
18 1,028 (13.41%) Git (software)
19 993 (12.95%) Analytics
20 990 (12.91%) Ansible
21 961 (12.53%) Machine Learning
22 955 (12.45%) Degree
23 919 (11.98%) Web Services
24 830 (10.82%) Microservices
25 812 (10.59%) Node.js
26 801 (10.45%) Bash Shell
27 790 (10.30%) Data Science
28 775 (10.11%) Asset Management
29 773 (10.08%) Computer Science
30 767 (10.00%) R

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 478 (6.23%) Apache Spark
2 367 (4.79%) Apache
3 248 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
4 182 (2.37%) Confluence
5 110 (1.43%) SAS
6 81 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
7 63 (0.82%) OpenStack
8 60 (0.78%) nginx
9 49 (0.64%) Tomcat
10 45 (0.59%) Jupyter
11 41 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 35 (0.46%) IIS
12 35 (0.46%) SharePoint
13 30 (0.39%) WebSphere
13 30 (0.39%) WordPress
14 29 (0.38%) JBoss
15 28 (0.37%) CMS
16 26 (0.34%) Skype for Business
17 24 (0.31%) WebLogic
18 17 (0.22%) Luigi
Applications
1 115 (1.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.21%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.10%) SPSS
7 5 (0.065%) Blender
7 5 (0.065%) Maya
7 5 (0.065%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.052%) Figma
8 4 (0.052%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.052%) Sketch
9 3 (0.039%) GNU Octave
9 3 (0.039%) OrCAD
9 3 (0.039%) Simulink
9 3 (0.039%) Stata
10 2 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.026%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.026%) EViews
Business Applications
1 97 (1.26%) Markit EDM
2 96 (1.25%) Eagle PACE
3 72 (0.94%) PolarLake
4 35 (0.46%) FINCAD Analytics
5 20 (0.26%) Magento
6 17 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
7 11 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
8 9 (0.12%) Shopify
9 8 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.10%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.091%) Odoo
10 7 (0.091%) Payment Gateway
11 6 (0.078%) FastStats
12 4 (0.052%) Front Arena
12 4 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.052%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.052%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 4 (0.052%) Unica
13 3 (0.039%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 3,100 (40.43%) AWS
2 1,765 (23.02%) Azure
3 1,167 (15.22%) GCP
4 697 (9.09%) Serverless
5 527 (6.87%) AWS Lambda
6 422 (5.50%) SaaS
7 359 (4.68%) Power Platform
8 291 (3.79%) GitHub
9 290 (3.78%) Amazon S3
10 274 (3.57%) AWS CloudFormation
11 265 (3.46%) Amazon EC2
12 219 (2.86%) PaaS
13 211 (2.75%) Amazon ECS
14 206 (2.69%) IaaS
15 177 (2.31%) Cloud Computing
16 155 (2.02%) OpenShift
17 126 (1.64%) Office 365
18 96 (1.25%) Amazon SQS
19 90 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 78 (1.02%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 270 (3.52%) Firewall
2 199 (2.60%) DNS
3 183 (2.39%) TCP/IP
4 129 (1.68%) Network Security
5 120 (1.56%) VPN
6 119 (1.55%) HTTP
7 115 (1.50%) Internet
8 107 (1.40%) BGP
9 101 (1.32%) Wireless
10 91 (1.19%) OSPF
11 81 (1.06%) Skype
12 79 (1.03%) SNMP
13 78 (1.02%) MPLS
14 73 (0.95%) WAN
15 59 (0.77%) LAN
16 58 (0.76%) DHCP
17 54 (0.70%) VoIP
18 48 (0.63%) Multicast
19 46 (0.60%) Wireshark
20 45 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 697 (9.09%) Big Data
2 647 (8.44%) PostgreSQL
3 602 (7.85%) NoSQL
4 593 (7.73%) SQL Server
5 499 (6.51%) MySQL
6 425 (5.54%) Hadoop
7 408 (5.32%) Data Warehouse
8 355 (4.63%) MongoDB
9 323 (4.21%) Power BI
10 289 (3.77%) Relational Database
11 279 (3.64%) Amazon Redshift
12 225 (2.93%) Data Lake
13 219 (2.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 168 (2.19%) Apache Hive
15 150 (1.96%) BigQuery
15 150 (1.96%) Redis
16 142 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 126 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
18 122 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
19 113 (1.47%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 1,048 (13.67%) Jenkins
2 1,028 (13.41%) Git (software)
3 389 (5.07%) JIRA
4 309 (4.03%) GitLab
5 257 (3.35%) Selenium
6 155 (2.02%) Artifactory
7 148 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 147 (1.92%) Cucumber
9 143 (1.86%) TeamCity
10 117 (1.53%) Bitbucket
11 94 (1.23%) Subversion
12 93 (1.21%) Sonatype Nexus
13 87 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
14 85 (1.11%) Maven
15 73 (0.95%) Gradle
16 72 (0.94%) JUnit
17 65 (0.85%) Visual Studio
18 59 (0.77%) CircleCI
19 54 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
20 44 (0.57%) Appium
General
1 1,976 (25.77%) Finance
2 640 (8.35%) Front Office
3 543 (7.08%) Banking
4 251 (3.27%) Marketing
5 230 (3.00%) Games
6 204 (2.66%) Back Office
7 195 (2.54%) Public Sector
8 186 (2.43%) Law
9 181 (2.36%) Investment Banking
10 153 (2.00%) Telecoms
11 134 (1.75%) Retail
12 116 (1.51%) Advertising
13 101 (1.32%) Manufacturing
14 99 (1.29%) Electronics
15 41 (0.53%) Aerospace
16 40 (0.52%) Financial Institution
17 32 (0.42%) Automotive
18 28 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
19 27 (0.35%) Legal
20 22 (0.29%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,294 (29.92%) Developer
2 998 (13.02%) Python Developer
3 919 (11.98%) Software Engineer
4 880 (11.48%) DevOps Engineer
5 731 (9.53%) Python Engineer
6 611 (7.97%) Data Engineer
7 489 (6.38%) AWS Engineer
8 419 (5.46%) Analyst
8 419 (5.46%) Senior Developer
9 306 (3.99%) Architect
10 301 (3.93%) Data Scientist
11 289 (3.77%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 280 (3.65%) Python Software Engineer
13 265 (3.46%) Java Developer
14 259 (3.38%) Software Developer
15 245 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
16 240 (3.13%) Cloud Engineer
17 223 (2.91%) AWS DevOps
18 208 (2.71%) AWS Developer
19 200 (2.61%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 919 (11.98%) Web Services
2 812 (10.59%) Node.js
3 726 (9.47%) React
4 641 (8.36%) AngularJS
5 570 (7.43%) .NET
6 497 (6.48%) Django
7 475 (6.19%) HTML
8 396 (5.16%) Vue.js
9 393 (5.13%) Kafka
10 375 (4.89%) CSS
11 367 (4.79%) REST
12 311 (4.06%) Flask
13 267 (3.48%) RESTful
14 231 (3.01%) Pandas
15 180 (2.35%) NumPy
16 178 (2.32%) XML
17 176 (2.30%) JSON
18 175 (2.28%) TensorFlow
19 172 (2.24%) Spring
20 161 (2.10%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 742 (9.68%) Hedge funds
2 542 (7.07%) Fixed Income
3 537 (7.00%) Analytical Skills
4 522 (6.81%) Derivative
5 465 (6.06%) Algorithms
6 380 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
7 378 (4.93%) Equities
8 259 (3.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 217 (2.83%) Public Cloud
10 202 (2.63%) Mobile App
11 154 (2.01%) Data Structures
12 153 (2.00%) Cloud Native
13 149 (1.94%) User Experience
14 146 (1.90%) Management Information System
15 145 (1.89%) Data Centre
16 114 (1.49%) Reference Data
17 109 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
18 81 (1.06%) Blog
19 74 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
20 68 (0.89%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,849 (24.11%) Linux
2 660 (8.61%) Windows
3 390 (5.09%) Unix
4 210 (2.74%) CentOS
5 186 (2.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 158 (2.06%) Android
7 122 (1.59%) Windows Server
8 117 (1.53%) Ubuntu
9 108 (1.41%) Apple iOS
10 55 (0.72%) Debian
11 49 (0.64%) Mac OS X
12 31 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
13 28 (0.37%) Mac OS
13 28 (0.37%) Windows 10
14 25 (0.33%) VMS
15 24 (0.31%) Solaris
16 17 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
17 14 (0.18%) Fedora
18 12 (0.16%) Mesosphere
18 12 (0.16%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,315 (30.19%) DevOps
2 2,314 (30.18%) Agile Software Development
3 1,767 (23.04%) Software Engineering
4 993 (12.95%) Analytics
5 961 (12.53%) Machine Learning
6 830 (10.82%) Microservices
7 790 (10.30%) Data Science
8 775 (10.11%) Asset Management
9 773 (10.08%) Computer Science
10 767 (10.00%) Fintech
11 666 (8.69%) Artificial Intelligence
12 658 (8.58%) Test Automation
13 613 (7.99%) Continuous Integration
14 599 (7.81%) Mentoring
15 569 (7.42%) TDD
16 552 (7.20%) Problem-Solving
17 526 (6.86%) Investment Management
18 521 (6.79%) Open Source
19 516 (6.73%) Mathematics
20 491 (6.40%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,577 (33.61%) Java
2 2,050 (26.73%) SQL
3 1,885 (24.58%) JavaScript
4 1,162 (15.15%) C#
5 1,064 (13.88%) C++
6 801 (10.45%) Bash Shell
7 767 (10.00%) R
8 690 (9.00%) Go
9 676 (8.82%) PowerShell
10 621 (8.10%) Ruby
11 470 (6.13%) C
12 449 (5.86%) Scala
13 409 (5.33%) PHP
14 363 (4.73%) Perl
15 245 (3.20%) Shell Script
16 238 (3.10%) Kotlin
17 226 (2.95%) TypeScript
18 154 (2.01%) MATLAB
19 120 (1.56%) Groovy
20 92 (1.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 955 (12.45%) Degree
2 351 (4.58%) Computer Science Degree
3 289 (3.77%) Security Cleared
4 194 (2.53%) SC Cleared
5 193 (2.52%) PhD
6 116 (1.51%) AWS Certification
7 115 (1.50%) Cisco Certification
8 106 (1.38%) DV Cleared
9 83 (1.08%) CCNP
10 71 (0.93%) Master's Degree
11 70 (0.91%) Numerate Degree
12 56 (0.73%) CISSP
13 53 (0.69%) CCNA
13 53 (0.69%) ISTQB
13 53 (0.69%) Sun Certification
14 52 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
15 49 (0.64%) CCIE
16 42 (0.55%) SANS
17 38 (0.50%) ISEB
18 33 (0.43%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 318 (4.15%) QA
2 68 (0.89%) GDPR
3 64 (0.83%) NIST
4 60 (0.78%) Data Quality
5 58 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 48 (0.63%) SLA
7 19 (0.25%) NIST 800
7 19 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 19 (0.25%) PMO
8 17 (0.22%) COBIT
9 14 (0.18%) MiFID
10 9 (0.12%) EMIR
10 9 (0.12%) ISO 13485
11 8 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
12 7 (0.091%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.091%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 4 (0.052%) AICPA
14 4 (0.052%) FINRA
14 4 (0.052%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 1,683 (21.95%) Docker
2 208 (2.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 147 (1.92%) Active Directory
4 81 (1.06%) Hyper-V
5 56 (0.73%) HDFS
6 37 (0.48%) Firmware
6 37 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
7 27 (0.35%) KVM
8 19 (0.25%) VMware NSX
9 18 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 16 (0.21%) VirtualBox
11 15 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
12 13 (0.17%) vSphere
13 12 (0.16%) Ceph
13 12 (0.16%) Xen
14 10 (0.13%) GlusterFS
15 9 (0.12%) Apache Flume
15 9 (0.12%) LXC
15 9 (0.12%) RHEV
16 8 (0.10%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,446 (18.86%) Kubernetes
2 1,044 (13.62%) Terraform
3 990 (12.91%) Ansible
4 547 (7.13%) Puppet
5 335 (4.37%) Opscode Chef
6 188 (2.45%) Grafana
7 126 (1.64%) Prometheus
8 85 (1.11%) Nagios
9 61 (0.80%) Packer
10 56 (0.73%) Graphite
11 53 (0.69%) Kibana
12 46 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
13 37 (0.48%) SCCM
14 34 (0.44%) Consul
15 32 (0.42%) Salt
16 30 (0.39%) ZABBIX
17 29 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
18 27 (0.35%) Nessus
19 25 (0.33%) Rancher
20 23 (0.30%) logstash
Vendors
1 626 (8.16%) Google
2 550 (7.17%) Microsoft
3 355 (4.63%) Oracle
4 260 (3.39%) VMware
5 259 (3.38%) Tableau
6 229 (2.99%) Splunk
7 183 (2.39%) Bloomberg
8 179 (2.33%) Red Hat
9 160 (2.09%) Cisco
10 148 (1.93%) Databricks
11 89 (1.16%) Cloudera
12 79 (1.03%) SAP
13 78 (1.02%) IBM
14 71 (0.93%) Atlassian
15 64 (0.83%) ServiceNow
16 61 (0.80%) Informatica
17 59 (0.77%) New Relic
18 56 (0.73%) Palo Alto
19 55 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
20 48 (0.63%) Talend