Period
to 18 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 13 18
Rank change year-on-year +2 +5 +1
Permanent jobs citing Python 14,300 10,536 16,132
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.92% 12.81% 11.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.26% 23.12% 20.81%
Number of salaries quoted 9,554 8,528 12,801
10th Percentile £40,600 £37,125 £33,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £63,750 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.96% +6.25% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,813 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 56,619 45,575 77,535
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.13% 55.43% 54.06%
Number of salaries quoted 40,515 37,803 64,035
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 13,064 £67,000 +3.08% 2,418
London +3 7,954 £75,000 - 1,301
UK excluding London +4 5,618 £55,000 +10.00% 1,266
Work from Home +2 2,459 £67,500 +3.85% 514
South East -6 1,368 £55,000 +4.76% 286
North of England +1 1,311 £57,500 +9.52% 282
South West -1 1,024 £52,500 +5.00% 142
Midlands +7 744 £50,000 - 152
Yorkshire +5 675 £57,500 +4.55% 103
North West +1 579 £57,500 +9.52% 160
Scotland -1 544 £51,375 +5.38% 105
West Midlands +4 487 £59,500 +19.00% 105
East of England +3 432 £57,500 +4.55% 247
East Midlands +9 251 £50,000 +2.56% 47
Wales +3 101 £46,250 +8.82% 34
Northern Ireland -4 85 £74,500 +75.29% 19
North East -18 65 £45,000 -5.26% 19
Isle of Man - 25 £36,250 -

For the 6 months to 18 June 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,902 (41.27%) AWS
2 5,147 (35.99%) Agile Software Development
3 4,671 (32.66%) Java
4 4,432 (30.99%) SQL
5 4,044 (28.28%) Software Engineering
6 3,965 (27.73%) DevOps
7 3,821 (26.72%) Docker
8 3,759 (26.29%) JavaScript
9 3,386 (23.68%) Azure
10 3,308 (23.13%) Kubernetes
11 3,267 (22.85%) Finance
12 3,103 (21.70%) Linux
13 2,543 (17.78%) Social Skills
14 2,500 (17.48%) GCP
15 2,459 (17.20%) Analytics
16 2,363 (16.52%) Terraform
17 2,272 (15.89%) C#
18 2,077 (14.52%) Degree
19 2,058 (14.39%) Data Science
20 1,965 (13.74%) Machine Learning
21 1,957 (13.69%) Git (software)
22 1,856 (12.98%) Ansible
23 1,820 (12.73%) React
24 1,736 (12.14%) Microservices
25 1,719 (12.02%) Computer Science
26 1,698 (11.87%) Go
27 1,673 (11.70%) Node.js
28 1,667 (11.66%) C++
29 1,663 (11.63%) Problem-Solving
30 1,660 (11.61%) Jenkins

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 985 (6.89%) Apache Spark
2 561 (3.92%) Elasticsearch
3 547 (3.83%) Apache
4 427 (2.99%) Confluence
5 392 (2.74%) Apache Airflow
6 192 (1.34%) nginx
7 173 (1.21%) SAS
8 76 (0.53%) OpenStack
9 74 (0.52%) Jupyter
10 70 (0.49%) Luigi
11 68 (0.48%) GemFire
11 68 (0.48%) SharePoint
12 63 (0.44%) Tomcat
13 59 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
14 56 (0.39%) IIS
15 54 (0.38%) CMS
16 45 (0.31%) GeoServer
17 44 (0.31%) WordPress
18 39 (0.27%) JBoss
18 39 (0.27%) Tornado
Applications
1 278 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 104 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 53 (0.37%) Simulink
4 41 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 35 (0.24%) Stateflow
6 25 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 23 (0.16%) SPSS
8 22 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
9 19 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 16 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
11 13 (0.091%) Maya
12 12 (0.084%) Stata
12 12 (0.084%) Zemax
13 11 (0.077%) GIMP
14 9 (0.063%) Sketch
15 7 (0.049%) Gephi
16 6 (0.042%) Campfire
16 6 (0.042%) OrCAD
17 5 (0.035%) Chatbot
18 4 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 36 (0.25%) Magento
2 23 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 21 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 19 (0.13%) R3 Corda
4 19 (0.13%) Shopify
5 18 (0.13%) Sentinel
6 12 (0.084%) NetSuite
7 10 (0.070%) Primavera
8 9 (0.063%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.056%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.056%) FINCAD Analytics
9 8 (0.056%) Summit
10 7 (0.049%) Dynamics CRM
10 7 (0.049%) Eagle PACE
10 7 (0.049%) Markit EDM
10 7 (0.049%) Remedy ITSM
11 6 (0.042%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.028%) FastStats
12 4 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
12 4 (0.028%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 5,902 (41.27%) AWS
2 3,386 (23.68%) Azure
3 2,500 (17.48%) GCP
4 1,542 (10.78%) Serverless
5 898 (6.28%) AWS Lambda
6 768 (5.37%) SaaS
7 745 (5.21%) Power Platform
8 741 (5.18%) AWS CloudFormation
9 689 (4.82%) GitHub
10 544 (3.80%) Amazon S3
11 512 (3.58%) Amazon EC2
12 486 (3.40%) PaaS
13 401 (2.80%) Amazon ECS
14 320 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
15 318 (2.22%) Amazon EKS
16 314 (2.20%) IaaS
17 289 (2.02%) Snowflake
18 202 (1.41%) Azure Data Factory
19 199 (1.39%) Amazon Kinesis
20 175 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 441 (3.08%) Firewall
2 387 (2.71%) HTTP
3 301 (2.10%) TCP/IP
4 237 (1.66%) DNS
5 209 (1.46%) Internet
6 185 (1.29%) VPN
7 121 (0.85%) Broadband
8 114 (0.80%) OSPF
9 110 (0.77%) VLAN
10 109 (0.76%) Network Security
11 105 (0.73%) Wireless
12 103 (0.72%) Wireshark
13 101 (0.71%) IPv4
14 91 (0.64%) Ethernet
14 91 (0.64%) Wi-Fi
15 89 (0.62%) WAN
16 88 (0.62%) DHCP
17 70 (0.49%) LAN
18 69 (0.48%) BGP
19 68 (0.48%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,413 (9.88%) PostgreSQL
2 1,278 (8.94%) Big Data
3 1,211 (8.47%) NoSQL
4 919 (6.43%) MySQL
5 915 (6.40%) Data Warehouse
6 895 (6.26%) Relational Database
7 860 (6.01%) SQL Server
8 845 (5.91%) MongoDB
9 717 (5.01%) Power BI
10 660 (4.62%) Hadoop
11 601 (4.20%) Tableau
12 568 (3.97%) Redis
13 435 (3.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 428 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
15 379 (2.65%) Data Lake
16 334 (2.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 323 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
18 320 (2.24%) BigQuery
19 276 (1.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 223 (1.56%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,957 (13.69%) Git (software)
2 1,660 (11.61%) Jenkins
3 886 (6.20%) JIRA
4 667 (4.66%) GitLab
5 351 (2.45%) Selenium
6 274 (1.92%) Cucumber
7 267 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 227 (1.59%) TeamCity
9 214 (1.50%) Subversion
10 212 (1.48%) CircleCI
11 200 (1.40%) Cypress.io
12 196 (1.37%) Bitbucket
13 177 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
14 167 (1.17%) JUnit
15 151 (1.06%) JMeter
16 150 (1.05%) Artifactory
17 135 (0.94%) Vagrant
18 133 (0.93%) Gradle
19 129 (0.90%) Maven
20 118 (0.83%) webpack
General
1 3,267 (22.85%) Finance
2 2,543 (17.78%) Social Skills
3 1,076 (7.52%) Analytical Skills
4 880 (6.15%) Banking
5 641 (4.48%) Games
6 610 (4.27%) Marketing
7 570 (3.99%) Front Office
8 516 (3.61%) Public Sector
9 455 (3.18%) Retail
10 402 (2.81%) Telecoms
11 375 (2.62%) Law
12 303 (2.12%) Manufacturing
13 301 (2.10%) Electronics
14 277 (1.94%) Presentation Skills
15 243 (1.70%) Legal
16 202 (1.41%) Advertising
17 177 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
18 159 (1.11%) Investment Banking
19 119 (0.83%) Back Office
20 115 (0.80%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 3,915 (27.38%) Developer
2 2,050 (14.34%) Software Engineer
3 1,497 (10.47%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,249 (8.73%) Python Developer
5 1,240 (8.67%) Data Engineer
6 1,003 (7.01%) Python Engineer
7 801 (5.60%) AWS Engineer
8 730 (5.10%) Analyst
9 654 (4.57%) Senior Developer
10 520 (3.64%) Cloud Engineer
11 501 (3.50%) Software Developer
12 479 (3.35%) Data Scientist
13 471 (3.29%) Senior Software Engineer
14 438 (3.06%) Java Developer
15 423 (2.96%) Architect
16 394 (2.76%) Full Stack Developer
17 369 (2.58%) Python Software Engineer
18 365 (2.55%) Senior DevOps
19 362 (2.53%) AWS DevOps
20 358 (2.50%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,820 (12.73%) React
2 1,673 (11.70%) Node.js
3 1,218 (8.52%) Web Services
4 1,195 (8.36%) AngularJS
5 1,143 (7.99%) .NET
6 1,086 (7.59%) Kafka
7 1,084 (7.58%) CSS
8 1,083 (7.57%) HTML
9 1,049 (7.34%) REST
10 1,007 (7.04%) Django
11 692 (4.84%) RESTful
12 642 (4.49%) Vue.js
13 575 (4.02%) Flask
14 540 (3.78%) GraphQL
15 499 (3.49%) Spring
16 482 (3.37%) HTML5
17 394 (2.76%) JSON
18 358 (2.50%) Redux
19 315 (2.20%) NumPy
20 310 (2.17%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 903 (6.31%) Algorithms
2 551 (3.85%) Data Structures
3 524 (3.66%) Hedge funds
4 515 (3.60%) User Experience
5 469 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
6 464 (3.24%) Derivative
7 422 (2.95%) Equities
8 392 (2.74%) Public Cloud
9 366 (2.56%) Cloud Native
10 364 (2.55%) Self-Motivation
11 346 (2.42%) Fixed Income
12 326 (2.28%) Linux Command Line
13 309 (2.16%) Data Centre
14 269 (1.88%) Mobile App
15 246 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 215 (1.50%) Blog
17 188 (1.31%) Management Information System
18 187 (1.31%) Virtual Team
19 132 (0.92%) Hybrid Cloud
20 128 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 3,103 (21.70%) Linux
2 981 (6.86%) Windows
3 880 (6.15%) Unix
4 284 (1.99%) CentOS
5 277 (1.94%) Android
6 250 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 237 (1.66%) Ubuntu
8 225 (1.57%) Windows Server
9 217 (1.52%) Apple iOS
10 62 (0.43%) Debian
11 60 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
12 54 (0.38%) Windows 10
13 50 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
14 29 (0.20%) Windows 7
15 28 (0.20%) Solaris
16 27 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
17 23 (0.16%) Mac OS
18 20 (0.14%) Kali Linux
18 20 (0.14%) VMS
19 18 (0.13%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,147 (35.99%) Agile Software Development
2 4,044 (28.28%) Software Engineering
3 3,965 (27.73%) DevOps
4 2,459 (17.20%) Analytics
5 2,058 (14.39%) Data Science
6 1,965 (13.74%) Machine Learning
7 1,736 (12.14%) Microservices
8 1,719 (12.02%) Computer Science
9 1,663 (11.63%) Problem-Solving
10 1,455 (10.17%) Artificial Intelligence
11 1,322 (9.24%) Test Automation
12 1,313 (9.18%) Infrastructure as Code
13 1,263 (8.83%) TDD
14 1,251 (8.75%) Business Intelligence
15 1,230 (8.60%) Continuous Integration
16 1,229 (8.59%) Mentoring
17 1,131 (7.91%) Scrum
18 1,069 (7.48%) ETL
19 1,007 (7.04%) Fintech
20 962 (6.73%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 4,671 (32.66%) Java
2 4,432 (30.99%) SQL
3 3,759 (26.29%) JavaScript
4 2,272 (15.89%) C#
5 1,698 (11.87%) Go
6 1,667 (11.66%) C++
7 1,600 (11.19%) Bash Shell
8 1,106 (7.73%) PowerShell
9 1,081 (7.56%) Ruby
10 1,076 (7.52%) TypeScript
11 933 (6.52%) R
12 874 (6.11%) Scala
13 832 (5.82%) C
14 773 (5.41%) PHP
15 522 (3.65%) Perl
16 404 (2.83%) Kotlin
17 381 (2.66%) Shell Script
18 301 (2.10%) Groovy
19 219 (1.53%) Java 8
20 214 (1.50%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,077 (14.52%) Degree
2 692 (4.84%) Security Cleared
3 677 (4.73%) Computer Science Degree
4 478 (3.34%) SC Cleared
5 418 (2.92%) PhD
6 277 (1.94%) Master's Degree
7 190 (1.33%) AWS Certification
8 179 (1.25%) OCP
8 179 (1.25%) Oracle Certification
9 159 (1.11%) Numerate Degree
10 120 (0.84%) DV Cleared
11 111 (0.78%) CIW
11 111 (0.78%) OCA
12 100 (0.70%) Cisco Certification
13 67 (0.47%) RHCE
14 55 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
15 53 (0.37%) ISTQB
16 52 (0.36%) GIAC
17 50 (0.35%) CCNP
18 38 (0.27%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 703 (4.92%) QA
2 228 (1.59%) Data Quality
3 165 (1.15%) GDPR
4 89 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 73 (0.51%) Accessibility
6 66 (0.46%) SLA
7 34 (0.24%) MiFID
8 29 (0.20%) NIST
9 24 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 23 (0.16%) GRC
10 23 (0.16%) PMO
11 22 (0.15%) HIPAA
12 20 (0.14%) ISO 9001
13 19 (0.13%) NCSC
14 17 (0.12%) WCAG
15 16 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
15 16 (0.11%) IEC 61131
16 14 (0.098%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 13 (0.091%) ISO 26262
17 13 (0.091%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 3,821 (26.72%) Docker
2 377 (2.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 188 (1.31%) Active Directory
4 115 (0.80%) Firmware
5 107 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
6 101 (0.71%) VirtualBox
7 92 (0.64%) HDFS
8 73 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
9 61 (0.43%) Hyper-V
10 57 (0.40%) KVM
11 46 (0.32%) vSphere
12 32 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 22 (0.15%) NFS
13 22 (0.15%) Xen
14 20 (0.14%) VMware NSX
15 17 (0.12%) Apache Flume
16 14 (0.098%) Virtual Servers
17 11 (0.077%) Ceph
17 11 (0.077%) Postfix
18 10 (0.070%) Snort
Systems Management
1 3,308 (23.13%) Kubernetes
2 2,363 (16.52%) Terraform
3 1,856 (12.98%) Ansible
4 1,005 (7.03%) Puppet
5 700 (4.90%) Opscode Chef
6 467 (3.27%) Prometheus
7 392 (2.74%) Grafana
8 184 (1.29%) Docker Swarm
9 116 (0.81%) Kibana
10 113 (0.79%) Packer
11 103 (0.72%) Nagios
12 93 (0.65%) Consul
13 69 (0.48%) Istio
14 64 (0.45%) Salt
15 53 (0.37%) Graylog
16 44 (0.31%) Graphite
16 44 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
17 43 (0.30%) CFEngine
18 41 (0.29%) SCCM
19 36 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,229 (8.59%) Google
2 1,189 (8.31%) Microsoft
3 890 (6.22%) Oracle
4 481 (3.36%) VMware
5 343 (2.40%) Red Hat
6 317 (2.22%) Databricks
7 245 (1.71%) SAP
8 221 (1.55%) Splunk
9 213 (1.49%) IBM
10 174 (1.22%) Cisco
11 145 (1.01%) Talend
12 144 (1.01%) SaltStack
13 137 (0.96%) Atlassian
14 135 (0.94%) Informatica
15 125 (0.87%) Cloudera
16 112 (0.78%) New Relic
17 103 (0.72%) Sybase
18 102 (0.71%) Hortonworks
19 95 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
20 80 (0.56%) Apple