Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 11 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 18,331 8,475 15,180
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.21% 15.22% 11.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.71% 25.80% 21.01%
Number of salaries quoted 11,503 7,297 12,112
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £36,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £61,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +5.69% +2.50%
75th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,750 £105,000 £101,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,619 32,855 72,257
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.19% 59.01% 53.80%
Number of salaries quoted 46,199 28,318 60,141
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 16,283 £70,000 +7.69% 2,784
London -1 10,369 £77,500 +3.33% 1,452
UK excluding London -1 6,440 £57,500 +9.52% 1,498
Work from Home 0 3,594 £70,000 +12.00% 576
South East -1 1,853 £55,000 - 318
North of England 0 1,522 £60,000 +9.09% 334
South West +3 897 £52,250 +4.50% 219
Midlands -6 773 £55,750 +11.50% 215
North West 0 742 £60,000 +4.35% 185
Yorkshire -1 706 £60,000 +9.09% 104
Scotland +2 643 £57,500 +15.00% 137
West Midlands -7 546 £60,000 +14.29% 148
East of England -8 533 £57,500 +4.55% 217
East Midlands -7 209 £47,500 - 61
Northern Ireland -3 151 £75,000 +42.86% 21
Wales -30 102 £54,450 +8.90% 38
North East -15 78 £60,000 +30.43% 46
Channel Islands +1 13 £72,500 +81.25%
Isle of Man +4 2 - -

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 8,034 (43.83%) AWS
2 6,737 (36.75%) Agile Software Development
3 5,803 (31.66%) Java
4 5,799 (31.63%) SQL
5 5,524 (30.13%) DevOps
6 5,445 (29.70%) Software Engineering
7 4,998 (27.27%) Azure
8 4,623 (25.22%) JavaScript
9 4,492 (24.50%) Docker
10 4,101 (22.37%) Kubernetes
11 4,028 (21.97%) Finance
12 3,945 (21.52%) Analytics
13 3,459 (18.87%) Linux
14 3,415 (18.63%) GCP
15 3,344 (18.24%) Social Skills
16 3,193 (17.42%) Terraform
17 3,157 (17.22%) React
18 3,087 (16.84%) Data Science
19 2,859 (15.60%) C#
20 2,661 (14.52%) Degree
21 2,573 (14.04%) Machine Learning
22 2,564 (13.99%) Microservices
23 2,458 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
24 2,418 (13.19%) Computer Science
25 2,378 (12.97%) Git (software)
26 2,375 (12.96%) Full Stack Development
27 2,317 (12.64%) Jenkins
28 2,269 (12.38%) Go
29 2,187 (11.93%) Serverless
30 2,173 (11.85%) Node.js

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,291 (7.04%) Apache Spark
2 770 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
3 732 (3.99%) Apache
4 451 (2.46%) Confluence
5 444 (2.42%) Apache Airflow
6 198 (1.08%) nginx
7 194 (1.06%) SAS
8 147 (0.80%) Jupyter
9 133 (0.73%) GemFire
10 127 (0.69%) CMS
11 104 (0.57%) SharePoint
12 93 (0.51%) GeoServer
13 84 (0.46%) IIS
14 78 (0.43%) Tomcat
15 67 (0.37%) Apache Solr
16 64 (0.35%) uWSGI
17 61 (0.33%) OpenStack
18 60 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
19 54 (0.29%) WordPress
20 53 (0.29%) Luigi
Applications
1 414 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 155 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
3 71 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 59 (0.32%) Simulink
5 48 (0.26%) Chatbot
6 36 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 27 (0.15%) Figma
7 27 (0.15%) Stateflow
8 25 (0.14%) SPSS
9 21 (0.11%) Photoshop
10 18 (0.098%) Adobe Illustrator
11 14 (0.076%) MS Visio
12 11 (0.060%) GIMP
13 8 (0.044%) AutoCAD
13 8 (0.044%) Campfire
14 7 (0.038%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 7 (0.038%) Maya
14 7 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
14 7 (0.038%) Weka
15 5 (0.027%) Stata
Business Applications
1 68 (0.37%) Magento
2 64 (0.35%) Sentinel
3 50 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 38 (0.21%) Shopify
5 28 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 22 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
7 20 (0.11%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 14 (0.076%) Summit
9 12 (0.065%) NetSuite
10 10 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.049%) Oracle EBS
12 7 (0.038%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 7 (0.038%) R3 Corda
12 7 (0.038%) SAP GRC
13 6 (0.033%) FastStats
13 6 (0.033%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 5 (0.027%) SAP BPC
14 5 (0.027%) SAP FI
14 5 (0.027%) Unica
15 4 (0.022%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 8,034 (43.83%) AWS
2 4,998 (27.27%) Azure
3 3,415 (18.63%) GCP
4 2,187 (11.93%) Serverless
5 1,224 (6.68%) AWS Lambda
6 1,184 (6.46%) GitHub
7 1,183 (6.45%) Power Platform
8 1,113 (6.07%) AWS CloudFormation
9 992 (5.41%) Amazon S3
10 971 (5.30%) SaaS
11 743 (4.05%) Amazon EC2
12 653 (3.56%) PaaS
13 609 (3.32%) Amazon ECS
14 452 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
15 409 (2.23%) Snowflake
16 404 (2.20%) Azure Data Factory
17 402 (2.19%) IaaS
18 392 (2.14%) Amazon Kinesis
19 356 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
20 322 (1.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 560 (3.05%) HTTP
2 386 (2.11%) Firewall
3 330 (1.80%) DNS
4 321 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 291 (1.59%) Broadband
6 265 (1.45%) Internet
7 207 (1.13%) VPN
8 142 (0.77%) Network Security
9 99 (0.54%) DHCP
10 88 (0.48%) WAN
11 87 (0.47%) Cisco IPT
12 86 (0.47%) BGP
13 81 (0.44%) Wi-Fi
14 80 (0.44%) MQTT
15 77 (0.42%) Wireless
16 73 (0.40%) SSH
17 68 (0.37%) SSL
18 67 (0.37%) LAN
19 66 (0.36%) OSPF
20 63 (0.34%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,137 (11.66%) PostgreSQL
2 1,669 (9.10%) Big Data
3 1,521 (8.30%) NoSQL
4 1,483 (8.09%) MySQL
5 1,183 (6.45%) Data Warehouse
6 1,144 (6.24%) Power BI
7 1,096 (5.98%) MongoDB
8 1,049 (5.72%) Relational Database
9 987 (5.38%) SQL Server
10 896 (4.89%) Tableau
11 814 (4.44%) Redis
12 800 (4.36%) Hadoop
13 786 (4.29%) Data Lake
14 740 (4.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 522 (2.85%) Amazon Redshift
16 511 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
17 439 (2.39%) Amazon Athena
18 397 (2.17%) BigQuery
19 394 (2.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 342 (1.87%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 2,378 (12.97%) Git (software)
2 2,317 (12.64%) Jenkins
3 1,057 (5.77%) JIRA
4 843 (4.60%) GitLab
5 518 (2.83%) Selenium
6 399 (2.18%) Cucumber
7 384 (2.09%) Cypress.io
8 322 (1.76%) Bitbucket
9 321 (1.75%) CircleCI
10 274 (1.49%) TeamCity
11 269 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 232 (1.27%) JUnit
13 220 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
14 213 (1.16%) Artifactory
15 208 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
15 208 (1.13%) SonarQube
16 204 (1.11%) JMeter
17 198 (1.08%) Postman
18 187 (1.02%) Gradle
19 168 (0.92%) Storybook
General
1 4,028 (21.97%) Finance
2 3,344 (18.24%) Social Skills
3 1,689 (9.21%) Analytical Skills
4 1,078 (5.88%) Banking
5 723 (3.94%) Retail
6 719 (3.92%) Marketing
7 702 (3.83%) Front Office
8 564 (3.08%) Games
9 554 (3.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 535 (2.92%) Public Sector
11 463 (2.53%) Law
12 308 (1.68%) Telecoms
13 272 (1.48%) Presentation Skills
14 262 (1.43%) Legal
15 255 (1.39%) Advertising
16 236 (1.29%) Manufacturing
17 233 (1.27%) Automotive
17 233 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
18 216 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
19 194 (1.06%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,974 (27.13%) Developer
2 2,866 (15.63%) Software Engineer
3 1,774 (9.68%) Data Engineer
4 1,773 (9.67%) DevOps Engineer
5 1,762 (9.61%) Python Developer
6 1,234 (6.73%) Python Engineer
7 1,141 (6.22%) Senior Developer
8 978 (5.34%) Analyst
9 972 (5.30%) AWS Engineer
10 733 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
11 707 (3.86%) Software Developer
12 679 (3.70%) Data Scientist
13 672 (3.67%) Full Stack Developer
14 660 (3.60%) Cloud Engineer
15 590 (3.22%) Python Software Engineer
16 575 (3.14%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 567 (3.09%) Architect
18 488 (2.66%) Security Engineer
19 453 (2.47%) Java Developer
20 440 (2.40%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,157 (17.22%) React
2 2,173 (11.85%) Node.js
3 1,685 (9.19%) AngularJS
4 1,601 (8.73%) Django
5 1,483 (8.09%) Web Services
6 1,410 (7.69%) REST
7 1,356 (7.40%) .NET
8 1,331 (7.26%) Kafka
9 1,245 (6.79%) CSS
10 1,230 (6.71%) HTML
11 922 (5.03%) Vue.js
12 840 (4.58%) RESTful
13 781 (4.26%) Spring
14 719 (3.92%) Flask
15 667 (3.64%) JSON
16 663 (3.62%) GraphQL
17 520 (2.84%) Redux
18 486 (2.65%) Pandas
19 469 (2.56%) RabbitMQ
20 444 (2.42%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,416 (7.72%) Algorithms
2 1,008 (5.50%) User Experience
3 631 (3.44%) Hedge funds
4 622 (3.39%) Greenfield Project
5 613 (3.34%) Self-Motivation
6 589 (3.21%) Data Structures
7 586 (3.20%) Equities
8 551 (3.01%) Cloud Native
9 501 (2.73%) Derivative
10 472 (2.57%) Public Cloud
11 452 (2.47%) Fixed Income
12 427 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 401 (2.19%) Virtual Team
14 392 (2.14%) Social Media
15 390 (2.13%) Management Information System
16 385 (2.10%) Mobile App
17 321 (1.75%) Linux Command Line
18 216 (1.18%) Data Centre
19 175 (0.95%) Blog
19 175 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 3,459 (18.87%) Linux
2 1,143 (6.24%) Windows
3 1,046 (5.71%) Unix
4 319 (1.74%) CentOS
5 280 (1.53%) Android
6 276 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 253 (1.38%) Ubuntu
8 242 (1.32%) Apple iOS
9 218 (1.19%) Windows Server
10 139 (0.76%) Mac OS
11 66 (0.36%) Debian
12 52 (0.28%) VMS
13 50 (0.27%) Mesosphere
14 47 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
15 35 (0.19%) Windows 10
16 30 (0.16%) Solaris
17 27 (0.15%) Mac OS X
17 27 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.098%) Windows Server 2016
19 17 (0.093%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,737 (36.75%) Agile Software Development
2 5,524 (30.13%) DevOps
3 5,445 (29.70%) Software Engineering
4 3,945 (21.52%) Analytics
5 3,087 (16.84%) Data Science
6 2,573 (14.04%) Machine Learning
7 2,564 (13.99%) Microservices
8 2,458 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
9 2,418 (13.19%) Computer Science
10 2,375 (12.96%) Full Stack Development
11 2,043 (11.15%) Artificial Intelligence
12 2,022 (11.03%) Test Automation
13 1,787 (9.75%) TDD
14 1,705 (9.30%) Continuous Integration
15 1,670 (9.11%) Mentoring
16 1,651 (9.01%) Infrastructure as Code
17 1,614 (8.80%) Scrum
18 1,609 (8.78%) Business Intelligence
19 1,432 (7.81%) Visualisation
20 1,416 (7.72%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 5,803 (31.66%) Java
2 5,799 (31.63%) SQL
3 4,623 (25.22%) JavaScript
4 2,859 (15.60%) C#
5 2,269 (12.38%) Go
6 2,051 (11.19%) C++
7 2,003 (10.93%) Bash Shell
8 1,506 (8.22%) TypeScript
9 1,472 (8.03%) PowerShell
10 1,378 (7.52%) Ruby
11 1,337 (7.29%) Scala
12 1,306 (7.12%) R
13 1,093 (5.96%) C
14 929 (5.07%) PHP
15 775 (4.23%) Perl
16 620 (3.38%) Shell Script
17 534 (2.91%) Kotlin
18 407 (2.22%) Groovy
19 374 (2.04%) MATLAB
20 258 (1.41%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,661 (14.52%) Degree
2 859 (4.69%) Security Cleared
3 827 (4.51%) Computer Science Degree
4 589 (3.21%) SC Cleared
5 499 (2.72%) PhD
6 351 (1.91%) AWS Certification
7 340 (1.85%) Master's Degree
8 219 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
9 137 (0.75%) Oracle Certification
10 136 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
11 134 (0.73%) OCP
12 132 (0.72%) CISSP
13 119 (0.65%) DV Cleared
14 113 (0.62%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 79 (0.43%) SANS
16 78 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
17 61 (0.33%) CCNP
17 61 (0.33%) GCIH
18 58 (0.32%) ISTQB
19 57 (0.31%) GCFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,215 (6.63%) QA
2 461 (2.51%) Data Quality
3 249 (1.36%) GDPR
4 168 (0.92%) Accessibility
5 113 (0.62%) SLA
6 69 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 53 (0.29%) NIST
8 35 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 33 (0.18%) GRC
10 28 (0.15%) WCAG
11 25 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 25 (0.14%) PMO
12 24 (0.13%) IASME
13 23 (0.13%) MiFID
14 16 (0.087%) GxP
15 15 (0.082%) Actionable Recommendations
15 15 (0.082%) ISO 26262
16 14 (0.076%) EMIR
17 13 (0.071%) NCSC
18 12 (0.065%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 4,492 (24.50%) Docker
2 333 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 200 (1.09%) Active Directory
4 193 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
5 164 (0.89%) HDFS
6 96 (0.52%) Firmware
7 76 (0.41%) Hyper-V
8 45 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 40 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
10 37 (0.20%) Varnish
11 35 (0.19%) vSphere
12 34 (0.19%) VirtualBox
13 31 (0.17%) NFS
14 25 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
15 18 (0.098%) VMware NSX
16 16 (0.087%) KVM
17 12 (0.065%) Ceph
17 12 (0.065%) LXC
18 11 (0.060%) iptables
19 9 (0.049%) etcd
Systems Management
1 4,101 (22.37%) Kubernetes
2 3,193 (17.42%) Terraform
3 2,091 (11.41%) Ansible
4 1,124 (6.13%) Puppet
5 984 (5.37%) Opscode Chef
6 529 (2.89%) Prometheus
7 454 (2.48%) Grafana
8 185 (1.01%) Kibana
9 128 (0.70%) Packer
10 113 (0.62%) Nagios
11 106 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 105 (0.57%) Consul
13 91 (0.50%) Istio
14 90 (0.49%) Salt
15 89 (0.49%) logstash
16 72 (0.39%) HAProxy
17 64 (0.35%) ZABBIX
18 43 (0.23%) Automic
19 42 (0.23%) Rancher
20 41 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,743 (9.51%) Google
2 1,328 (7.24%) Microsoft
3 840 (4.58%) Oracle
4 668 (3.64%) Databricks
5 471 (2.57%) VMware
6 375 (2.05%) Red Hat
7 332 (1.81%) Splunk
8 227 (1.24%) Cisco
9 203 (1.11%) SAP
10 190 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
10 190 (1.04%) SaltStack
11 167 (0.91%) New Relic
12 163 (0.89%) IBM
13 143 (0.78%) Atlassian
14 141 (0.77%) Okta
15 131 (0.71%) Facebook
16 126 (0.69%) Informatica
17 114 (0.62%) Talend
18 93 (0.51%) Apple
19 82 (0.45%) YouTube