Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 22 28
Rank change year-on-year +4 +6 +17
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,257 15,174 12,627
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.18% 8.45% 6.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 18.53% 15.30% 12.88%
Number of salaries quoted 13,147 12,477 10,904
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 87,730 99,180 98,038
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.93% 55.20% 53.04%
Number of salaries quoted 72,842 81,926 84,420
UK median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 15,183 £60,000 +9.09% 2,649
London +8 8,877 £70,000 +7.69% 1,411
UK excluding London +4 7,124 £50,000 - 1,387
South East +1 2,291 £50,000 - 366
North of England +21 1,389 £50,000 - 247
South West +10 1,038 £47,500 - 223
East of England -1 993 £53,000 +6.00% 289
North West +19 732 £52,500 +5.00% 118
Scotland +8 629 £50,000 +11.11% 91
Midlands +12 582 £45,000 +5.88% 114
Yorkshire +13 549 £45,000 -10.00% 94
West Midlands +19 361 £47,500 +14.46% 69
East Midlands -3 220 £45,000 +5.88% 45
Wales +22 131 £52,500 +28.05% 35
North East +37 108 £45,000 +12.50% 35
Northern Ireland +5 97 £42,500 +6.25% 22
Channel Islands -6 2 £52,500 -19.23%

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,335 (38.97%) Java
2 5,857 (36.03%) Linux
3 5,511 (33.90%) Agile Software Development
4 4,799 (29.52%) SQL
5 4,748 (29.21%) Amazon AWS
6 4,380 (26.94%) DevOps
7 3,621 (22.27%) Finance
8 3,561 (21.90%) JavaScript
9 3,288 (20.23%) C++
10 3,201 (19.69%) Software Engineering
11 3,116 (19.17%) Docker
12 3,068 (18.87%) C#
13 2,755 (16.95%) Degree
14 2,673 (16.44%) Ansible
15 2,606 (16.03%) Bash Shell
16 2,496 (15.35%) Microsoft Azure
17 2,478 (15.24%) Machine Learning
18 2,393 (14.72%) Git (software)
19 2,375 (14.61%) Ruby
20 2,369 (14.57%) Jenkins
21 2,287 (14.07%) Computer Science
22 2,222 (13.67%) Analytics
23 2,174 (13.37%) Continuous Integration
24 2,130 (13.10%) Big Data
25 2,084 (12.82%) Puppet
26 1,974 (12.14%) Test Automation
27 1,956 (12.03%) Data Science
28 1,884 (11.59%) Windows
29 1,775 (10.92%) Kubernetes
30 1,774 (10.91%) Perl

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,393 (8.57%) Apache Spark
2 909 (5.59%) Apache
3 803 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
4 407 (2.50%) Confluence
5 380 (2.34%) SAS
6 376 (2.31%) Tomcat
7 321 (1.97%) nginx
8 273 (1.68%) OpenStack
9 201 (1.24%) Apache Pig
10 140 (0.86%) IIS
11 106 (0.65%) Apache Solr
12 104 (0.64%) Ethereum
13 100 (0.62%) WebSphere
14 97 (0.60%) JBoss
15 93 (0.57%) SharePoint
15 93 (0.57%) WebLogic
16 73 (0.45%) MS Exchange
17 63 (0.39%) CMS
18 55 (0.34%) WordPress
19 51 (0.31%) MQSeries
Applications
1 217 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 159 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
3 104 (0.64%) SPSS
4 72 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 65 (0.40%) Chatbot
6 41 (0.25%) MS Visio
7 20 (0.12%) Stata
8 14 (0.086%) Simulink
8 14 (0.086%) Snapchat
9 13 (0.080%) Photoshop
10 11 (0.068%) GNU Octave
11 10 (0.062%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.043%) HipChat
12 7 (0.043%) InVision
13 6 (0.037%) Maya
14 3 (0.018%) AutoCAD
15 2 (0.012%) Adobe After Effects
15 2 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
15 2 (0.012%) Houdini
15 2 (0.012%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 71 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
2 48 (0.30%) thinkFolio
3 38 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 29 (0.18%) Magento
4 29 (0.18%) Odoo
5 16 (0.098%) Ripple
6 15 (0.092%) Actimize
6 15 (0.092%) Remedy ITSM
7 14 (0.086%) Payment Gateway
8 13 (0.080%) R3 Corda
9 11 (0.068%) SAP S/4HANA
10 9 (0.055%) Oracle Payables
11 8 (0.049%) Oracle Receivables
11 8 (0.049%) SunGard GMI
12 7 (0.043%) SAP Business One
12 7 (0.043%) SAP Hybris
13 6 (0.037%) Oracle Applications
13 6 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 5 (0.031%) Eagle PACE
14 5 (0.031%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 4,748 (29.21%) Amazon AWS
2 2,496 (15.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,258 (7.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 548 (3.37%) SaaS
5 497 (3.06%) AWS CloudFormation
6 481 (2.96%) Cloud Computing
7 458 (2.82%) Serverless
8 441 (2.71%) GitHub
9 426 (2.62%) Amazon EC2
10 349 (2.15%) Amazon S3
11 332 (2.04%) AWS Lambda
12 293 (1.80%) PaaS
13 239 (1.47%) IaaS
14 190 (1.17%) Office 365
15 181 (1.11%) Amazon EMR
16 172 (1.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 156 (0.96%) OpenShift
18 123 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 115 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
20 91 (0.56%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 688 (4.23%) Firewall
2 554 (3.41%) TCP/IP
3 467 (2.87%) DNS
4 395 (2.43%) HTTP
5 332 (2.04%) Internet
6 247 (1.52%) VPN
7 243 (1.49%) WAN
8 218 (1.34%) LAN
9 201 (1.24%) Wireless
10 195 (1.20%) Network Security
11 187 (1.15%) DHCP
12 185 (1.14%) BGP
13 151 (0.93%) SSL
14 119 (0.73%) Wireshark
15 106 (0.65%) SAN
16 95 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
17 91 (0.56%) OSPF
18 88 (0.54%) VLAN
19 77 (0.47%) MPLS
20 76 (0.47%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,130 (13.10%) Big Data
2 1,715 (10.55%) NoSQL
3 1,585 (9.75%) Hadoop
4 1,484 (9.13%) MySQL
5 1,297 (7.98%) PostgreSQL
6 1,270 (7.81%) SQL Server
7 996 (6.13%) Relational Database
8 951 (5.85%) MongoDB
9 686 (4.22%) Apache Hive
10 653 (4.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 585 (3.60%) Data Warehouse
12 442 (2.72%) Power BI
13 421 (2.59%) Amazon Redshift
14 373 (2.29%) Redis
15 321 (1.97%) RDBMS
16 314 (1.93%) Blockchain
17 302 (1.86%) HBase
18 266 (1.64%) Data Mining
19 265 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 254 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,393 (14.72%) Git (software)
2 2,369 (14.57%) Jenkins
3 1,076 (6.62%) JIRA
4 761 (4.68%) Selenium
5 636 (3.91%) Maven
6 606 (3.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 571 (3.51%) TeamCity
8 521 (3.20%) Subversion
9 333 (2.05%) Cucumber
10 311 (1.91%) Octopus Deploy
11 299 (1.84%) Vagrant
12 292 (1.80%) Bitbucket
12 292 (1.80%) Visual Studio
13 264 (1.62%) JUnit
14 261 (1.61%) GitLab
15 196 (1.21%) WebDriver
16 191 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
17 190 (1.17%) Gradle
18 153 (0.94%) Visual Studio Team System
19 146 (0.90%) Ant
General
1 3,621 (22.27%) Finance
2 1,080 (6.64%) Banking
3 619 (3.81%) Retail
4 595 (3.66%) Marketing
5 547 (3.36%) Telecoms
6 480 (2.95%) Front Office
7 455 (2.80%) Games
8 365 (2.25%) Investment Banking
9 345 (2.12%) Electronics
10 333 (2.05%) Manufacturing
11 271 (1.67%) Law
12 192 (1.18%) Advertising
13 191 (1.17%) Financial Institution
14 157 (0.97%) Publishing
15 117 (0.72%) Automotive
16 102 (0.63%) Military
17 88 (0.54%) Legal
18 70 (0.43%) Back Office
18 70 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
19 66 (0.41%) French Language
Job Titles
1 5,010 (30.82%) Developer
2 1,976 (12.15%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,702 (10.47%) Python Developer
4 1,571 (9.66%) Software Engineer
5 922 (5.67%) Python Engineer
6 891 (5.48%) Senior Developer
7 879 (5.41%) Java Developer
8 866 (5.33%) Data Scientist
9 838 (5.15%) Analyst
10 781 (4.80%) Data Engineer
11 766 (4.71%) Software Developer
12 646 (3.97%) Linux Engineer
13 556 (3.42%) Architect
14 537 (3.30%) AWS Engineer
15 525 (3.23%) Junior
16 499 (3.07%) Cloud Engineer
17 468 (2.88%) Graduate
18 459 (2.82%) Test Engineer
19 424 (2.61%) Administrator
20 413 (2.54%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,725 (10.61%) HTML
2 1,401 (8.62%) AngularJS
3 1,399 (8.61%) .NET
4 1,354 (8.33%) CSS
5 1,330 (8.18%) Node.js
6 1,235 (7.60%) Web Services
7 1,110 (6.83%) Django
8 1,070 (6.58%) React
9 858 (5.28%) REST
10 821 (5.05%) Kafka
11 689 (4.24%) RESTful
12 672 (4.13%) Spring
13 614 (3.78%) Natural Language Processing
14 572 (3.52%) HTML5
15 554 (3.41%) XML
16 457 (2.81%) TensorFlow
17 444 (2.73%) JSON
18 416 (2.56%) Elastic Stack
19 414 (2.55%) Flask
20 399 (2.45%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 1,404 (8.64%) Analytical Skills
2 1,329 (8.17%) Algorithms
3 1,059 (6.51%) Fintech
4 577 (3.55%) Greenfield Project
5 502 (3.09%) Hedge funds
6 499 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
7 474 (2.92%) User Experience
8 469 (2.88%) Data Structures
9 445 (2.74%) Public Cloud
10 409 (2.52%) Data Centre
11 365 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
12 358 (2.20%) Equities
13 339 (2.09%) Derivative
14 324 (1.99%) Fixed Income
15 298 (1.83%) Management Information System
16 296 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
17 290 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 268 (1.65%) Mobile App
19 226 (1.39%) Robotics
20 165 (1.01%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 5,857 (36.03%) Linux
2 1,884 (11.59%) Windows
3 1,454 (8.94%) Unix
4 694 (4.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 644 (3.96%) CentOS
6 466 (2.87%) Ubuntu
7 370 (2.28%) Android
8 354 (2.18%) Windows Server
9 292 (1.80%) Apple iOS
10 201 (1.24%) Debian
11 121 (0.74%) Solaris
12 117 (0.72%) Mac OS X
13 80 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
14 78 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
15 77 (0.47%) Fedora
16 68 (0.42%) CoreOS
17 53 (0.33%) Windows 10
18 52 (0.32%) AIX
18 52 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
19 50 (0.31%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,511 (33.90%) Agile Software Development
2 4,380 (26.94%) DevOps
3 3,201 (19.69%) Software Engineering
4 2,478 (15.24%) Machine Learning
5 2,287 (14.07%) Computer Science
6 2,222 (13.67%) Analytics
7 2,174 (13.37%) Continuous Integration
8 1,974 (12.14%) Test Automation
9 1,956 (12.03%) Data Science
10 1,681 (10.34%) Problem-Solving
11 1,646 (10.12%) TDD
12 1,642 (10.10%) Mathematics
13 1,554 (9.56%) Scrum
14 1,550 (9.53%) Open Source
15 1,447 (8.90%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,371 (8.43%) Configuration Management
17 1,203 (7.40%) Microservices
18 1,150 (7.07%) OO
19 1,063 (6.54%) Business Intelligence
20 949 (5.84%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6,335 (38.97%) Java
2 4,799 (29.52%) SQL
3 3,561 (21.90%) JavaScript
4 3,288 (20.23%) C++
5 3,068 (18.87%) C#
6 2,606 (16.03%) Bash Shell
7 2,375 (14.61%) Ruby
8 1,774 (10.91%) Perl
9 1,549 (9.53%) R
10 1,548 (9.52%) C
11 1,327 (8.16%) PowerShell
12 1,311 (8.06%) PHP
13 1,287 (7.92%) Go
14 1,242 (7.64%) Scala
15 589 (3.62%) Shell Script
16 313 (1.93%) MATLAB
17 250 (1.54%) T-SQL
18 240 (1.48%) Java 8
19 225 (1.38%) TypeScript
20 199 (1.22%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,755 (16.95%) Degree
2 898 (5.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 762 (4.69%) PhD
4 602 (3.70%) Security Cleared
5 296 (1.82%) SC Cleared
6 285 (1.75%) DV Cleared
7 257 (1.58%) Numerate Degree
8 243 (1.49%) Cisco Certification
8 243 (1.49%) Master's Degree
9 204 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 193 (1.19%) AWS Certification
11 150 (0.92%) CCNP
12 143 (0.88%) CISSP
13 137 (0.84%) MPhil
14 124 (0.76%) CCNA
15 119 (0.73%) RHCE
16 104 (0.64%) ISTQB
17 99 (0.61%) MCSE
18 90 (0.55%) GIAC
18 90 (0.55%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 871 (5.36%) QA
2 203 (1.25%) Data Quality
3 93 (0.57%) SLA
4 80 (0.49%) GDPR
5 61 (0.38%) PCI DSS
6 52 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 27 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 19 (0.12%) MiFID
9 18 (0.11%) ISO 9001
10 17 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
11 16 (0.098%) SAS 70
12 11 (0.068%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 11 (0.068%) JTAG
12 11 (0.068%) PMO
13 10 (0.062%) Solvency II
14 9 (0.055%) IEC 61131
15 8 (0.049%) EMIR
16 6 (0.037%) Disclosure Scotland
17 5 (0.031%) COBIT
18 4 (0.025%) GxP
System Software
1 3,116 (19.17%) Docker
2 625 (3.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 369 (2.27%) Active Directory
4 201 (1.24%) Hyper-V
5 170 (1.05%) HDFS
6 168 (1.03%) vSphere
7 153 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
8 132 (0.81%) Apache Flume
8 132 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
9 95 (0.58%) VirtualBox
10 94 (0.58%) Firmware
11 79 (0.49%) KVM
12 66 (0.41%) Xen
13 59 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 51 (0.31%) VMware NSX
15 50 (0.31%) NFS
16 35 (0.22%) Samba
17 34 (0.21%) pfSense
18 30 (0.18%) Varnish
19 29 (0.18%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 2,673 (16.44%) Ansible
2 2,084 (12.82%) Puppet
3 1,775 (10.92%) Kubernetes
4 1,520 (9.35%) Opscode Chef
5 1,241 (7.63%) Terraform
6 452 (2.78%) Salt
7 322 (1.98%) Nagios
8 257 (1.58%) Packer
9 254 (1.56%) Docker Swarm
10 233 (1.43%) Prometheus
11 219 (1.35%) ZABBIX
12 211 (1.30%) Grafana
13 174 (1.07%) Graphite
13 174 (1.07%) Kibana
14 164 (1.01%) Oozie
15 160 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
16 154 (0.95%) Consul
17 126 (0.78%) logstash
18 110 (0.68%) HAProxy
19 106 (0.65%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1,277 (7.86%) Google
2 1,208 (7.43%) Microsoft
3 1,128 (6.94%) Oracle
4 858 (5.28%) VMware
5 843 (5.19%) Red Hat
6 720 (4.43%) Tableau
7 390 (2.40%) SAP
8 386 (2.37%) Splunk
9 383 (2.36%) Cisco
10 293 (1.80%) Cloudera
11 253 (1.56%) Atlassian
12 209 (1.29%) Hortonworks
13 185 (1.14%) IBM
14 137 (0.84%) New Relic
15 118 (0.73%) Informatica
15 118 (0.73%) MapR
16 110 (0.68%) CheckPoint
17 104 (0.64%) Databricks
17 104 (0.64%) Sybase
18 102 (0.63%) Citrix