Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 14 17
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 9,540 14,227 16,107
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.94% 11.31% 10.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.73% 20.91% 19.32%
Number of salaries quoted 9,397 12,359 13,995
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £107,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,078 68,044 83,364
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.06% 54.10% 54.91%
Number of salaries quoted 31,279 56,651 69,680
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 8,799 £65,000 - 1,952
London +3 5,237 £75,000 - 969
UK excluding London +5 3,946 £55,000 +10.00% 1,110
Work from Home +2 1,555 £65,000 - 391
North of England +18 1,021 £55,000 +4.76% 266
South East +1 975 £55,000 +4.76% 247
South West -1 617 £52,500 +5.00% 143
Yorkshire +13 492 £55,000 +10.00% 83
Midlands +25 487 £52,500 +5.00% 141
North West +19 460 £57,500 +4.55% 165
West Midlands +23 371 £52,500 +5.00% 84
Scotland +1 363 £54,072 +16.91% 96
East of England +6 335 £57,500 +4.55% 174
East Midlands +30 116 £50,000 +5.26% 56
Wales +7 102 £47,500 +5.56% 24
North East +12 69 £47,500 +5.56% 18
Northern Ireland +4 63 £52,500 +31.25% 19
Isle of Man - 7 - -
Channel Islands +7 1 £40,000 -33.33%

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,636 (38.11%) AWS
2 3,216 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
3 3,121 (32.71%) Java
4 2,863 (30.01%) SQL
5 2,759 (28.92%) DevOps
6 2,443 (25.61%) JavaScript
7 2,299 (24.10%) Docker
8 2,158 (22.62%) Software Engineering
9 2,121 (22.23%) Azure
10 2,114 (22.16%) Linux
11 2,109 (22.11%) Finance
12 1,902 (19.94%) Kubernetes
13 1,536 (16.10%) C#
14 1,488 (15.60%) GCP
15 1,375 (14.41%) Terraform
16 1,286 (13.48%) Machine Learning
17 1,249 (13.09%) Jenkins
18 1,230 (12.89%) Analytics
19 1,196 (12.54%) Ansible
20 1,177 (12.34%) Degree
21 1,150 (12.05%) C++
22 1,130 (11.84%) Git (software)
23 1,089 (11.42%) Go
24 1,064 (11.15%) Data Science
25 1,057 (11.08%) Microservices
26 1,029 (10.79%) React
27 1,011 (10.60%) Node.js
28 974 (10.21%) Bash Shell
29 964 (10.10%) TDD
30 926 (9.71%) Computer Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 586 (6.14%) Apache Spark
2 386 (4.05%) Apache
3 348 (3.65%) Elasticsearch
4 232 (2.43%) Confluence
5 131 (1.37%) SAS
6 129 (1.35%) Apache Airflow
7 102 (1.07%) nginx
8 59 (0.62%) OpenStack
9 44 (0.46%) IIS
10 35 (0.37%) Luigi
11 34 (0.36%) JBoss
11 34 (0.36%) WebSphere
12 33 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
12 33 (0.35%) CMS
13 32 (0.34%) Jupyter
14 30 (0.31%) WordPress
15 29 (0.30%) SharePoint
15 29 (0.30%) Skype for Business
16 26 (0.27%) Tomcat
16 26 (0.27%) Tornado
Applications
1 159 (1.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.23%) SPSS
5 20 (0.21%) Simulink
6 14 (0.15%) Maya
7 12 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 12 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.10%) Stateflow
9 6 (0.063%) Chatbot
9 6 (0.063%) Sketch
10 5 (0.052%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.031%) Adobe XD
11 3 (0.031%) Figma
11 3 (0.031%) SPSS Modeler
12 2 (0.021%) Blender
12 2 (0.021%) InVision
13 1 (0.010%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 1 (0.010%) Weka
Business Applications
1 62 (0.65%) Markit EDM
2 60 (0.63%) Eagle PACE
3 28 (0.29%) PolarLake
4 21 (0.22%) Magento
5 18 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
6 12 (0.13%) Odoo
7 10 (0.10%) FINCAD Analytics
7 10 (0.10%) Shopify
8 8 (0.084%) Sentinel
9 7 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.073%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.052%) JDE OneWorld
10 5 (0.052%) R3 Corda
11 4 (0.042%) MoSes
11 4 (0.042%) Payment Gateway
11 4 (0.042%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.031%) Oracle EBS
12 3 (0.031%) SAP Business One
13 2 (0.021%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 2 (0.021%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,636 (38.11%) AWS
2 2,121 (22.23%) Azure
3 1,488 (15.60%) GCP
4 865 (9.07%) Serverless
5 629 (6.59%) AWS Lambda
6 506 (5.30%) Power Platform
7 493 (5.17%) SaaS
8 397 (4.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 371 (3.89%) Amazon S3
10 370 (3.88%) GitHub
11 325 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
12 286 (3.00%) PaaS
13 248 (2.60%) IaaS
14 209 (2.19%) Amazon ECS
15 178 (1.87%) Amazon EKS
16 163 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
17 161 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
18 135 (1.42%) Amazon Kinesis
19 131 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 100 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 282 (2.96%) Firewall
2 264 (2.77%) TCP/IP
3 219 (2.30%) DNS
4 193 (2.02%) HTTP
5 161 (1.69%) Internet
6 128 (1.34%) VPN
7 115 (1.21%) OSPF
8 114 (1.19%) Wireless
9 106 (1.11%) BGP
10 90 (0.94%) Network Security
11 79 (0.83%) Wi-Fi
12 73 (0.77%) DHCP
12 73 (0.77%) WAN
13 70 (0.73%) Wireshark
14 68 (0.71%) MPLS
15 64 (0.67%) Ethernet
16 62 (0.65%) SNMP
17 61 (0.64%) LAN
18 54 (0.57%) VoIP
19 50 (0.52%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 923 (9.68%) PostgreSQL
2 793 (8.31%) Big Data
3 723 (7.58%) NoSQL
4 639 (6.70%) SQL Server
5 569 (5.96%) MySQL
6 545 (5.71%) Data Warehouse
7 510 (5.35%) MongoDB
8 470 (4.93%) Power BI
9 445 (4.66%) Relational Database
10 418 (4.38%) Hadoop
11 324 (3.40%) Tableau
12 304 (3.19%) Data Lake
13 259 (2.71%) Redis
14 253 (2.65%) Amazon Redshift
15 232 (2.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 218 (2.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 205 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
18 191 (2.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 169 (1.77%) BigQuery
20 154 (1.61%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,249 (13.09%) Jenkins
2 1,130 (11.84%) Git (software)
3 549 (5.75%) JIRA
4 460 (4.82%) GitLab
5 314 (3.29%) Selenium
6 183 (1.92%) TeamCity
7 160 (1.68%) Subversion
8 148 (1.55%) Cucumber
9 139 (1.46%) Bitbucket
10 134 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 131 (1.37%) Artifactory
12 114 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
13 111 (1.16%) Maven
14 85 (0.89%) Visual Studio
15 84 (0.88%) Appium
16 81 (0.85%) CircleCI
16 81 (0.85%) Team Foundation Server
17 79 (0.83%) WebDriver
18 66 (0.69%) JMeter
19 62 (0.65%) Gradle
General
1 2,109 (22.11%) Finance
2 562 (5.89%) Front Office
3 525 (5.50%) Banking
4 328 (3.44%) Public Sector
5 305 (3.20%) Marketing
6 300 (3.14%) Games
7 244 (2.56%) Retail
8 186 (1.95%) Telecoms
9 184 (1.93%) Law
10 153 (1.60%) Electronics
11 152 (1.59%) Investment Banking
12 138 (1.45%) Back Office
13 116 (1.22%) Advertising
14 112 (1.17%) Manufacturing
15 66 (0.69%) Legal
16 57 (0.60%) Aerospace
17 52 (0.55%) Financial Institution
17 52 (0.55%) Publishing
18 46 (0.48%) Automotive
19 38 (0.40%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3,001 (31.46%) Developer
2 1,272 (13.33%) Python Developer
3 1,228 (12.87%) Software Engineer
4 1,083 (11.35%) DevOps Engineer
5 843 (8.84%) Python Engineer
6 796 (8.34%) Data Engineer
7 572 (6.00%) Senior Developer
8 507 (5.31%) AWS Engineer
9 474 (4.97%) Analyst
10 362 (3.79%) Data Scientist
10 362 (3.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 349 (3.66%) Java Developer
12 338 (3.54%) Software Developer
13 327 (3.43%) Python Software Engineer
14 323 (3.39%) Architect
15 305 (3.20%) AWS DevOps
16 304 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
17 283 (2.97%) Senior Python Developer
18 279 (2.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 255 (2.67%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,029 (10.79%) React
2 1,011 (10.60%) Node.js
3 811 (8.50%) Web Services
4 789 (8.27%) AngularJS
5 739 (7.75%) .NET
6 728 (7.63%) Django
7 700 (7.34%) Kafka
8 661 (6.93%) HTML
9 531 (5.57%) CSS
10 517 (5.42%) Vue.js
11 492 (5.16%) REST
12 463 (4.85%) Flask
13 308 (3.23%) RESTful
14 258 (2.70%) HTML5
15 257 (2.69%) Pandas
16 248 (2.60%) Spring
17 236 (2.47%) .NET Core
18 230 (2.41%) RabbitMQ
19 229 (2.40%) GraphQL
20 219 (2.30%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 615 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
2 540 (5.66%) Hedge funds
3 473 (4.96%) Algorithms
4 453 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
5 435 (4.56%) Derivative
6 421 (4.41%) Fixed Income
7 411 (4.31%) Equities
8 298 (3.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 254 (2.66%) Data Structures
10 250 (2.62%) Mobile App
11 248 (2.60%) Cloud Native
12 186 (1.95%) Public Cloud
13 178 (1.87%) Management Information System
14 160 (1.68%) Data Centre
15 155 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
16 149 (1.56%) Linux Command Line
17 147 (1.54%) User Experience
18 125 (1.31%) Blog
19 96 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
20 88 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,114 (22.16%) Linux
2 630 (6.60%) Windows
3 513 (5.38%) Unix
4 218 (2.29%) CentOS
5 207 (2.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 156 (1.64%) Android
7 132 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 110 (1.15%) Ubuntu
9 94 (0.99%) Apple iOS
10 43 (0.45%) Debian
11 36 (0.38%) Mac OS X
12 34 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
13 27 (0.28%) Fedora
14 24 (0.25%) Windows 10
15 23 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 23 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
16 14 (0.15%) Solaris
16 14 (0.15%) VMS
17 10 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
17 10 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,216 (33.71%) Agile Software Development
2 2,759 (28.92%) DevOps
3 2,158 (22.62%) Software Engineering
4 1,286 (13.48%) Machine Learning
5 1,230 (12.89%) Analytics
6 1,064 (11.15%) Data Science
7 1,057 (11.08%) Microservices
8 964 (10.10%) TDD
9 926 (9.71%) Computer Science
10 908 (9.52%) Test Automation
11 829 (8.69%) Problem-Solving
12 813 (8.52%) Fintech
13 761 (7.98%) Business Intelligence
14 751 (7.87%) Continuous Integration
15 730 (7.65%) Artificial Intelligence
16 728 (7.63%) Scrum
17 648 (6.79%) Configuration Management
18 647 (6.78%) ETL
19 637 (6.68%) Infrastructure as Code
20 634 (6.65%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 3,121 (32.71%) Java
2 2,863 (30.01%) SQL
3 2,443 (25.61%) JavaScript
4 1,536 (16.10%) C#
5 1,150 (12.05%) C++
6 1,089 (11.42%) Go
7 974 (10.21%) Bash Shell
8 741 (7.77%) Ruby
9 689 (7.22%) PowerShell
10 668 (7.00%) R
11 537 (5.63%) PHP
12 527 (5.52%) Scala
13 497 (5.21%) C
14 441 (4.62%) TypeScript
15 430 (4.51%) Perl
16 304 (3.19%) Shell Script
17 291 (3.05%) Kotlin
18 117 (1.23%) Groovy
19 113 (1.18%) MATLAB
20 98 (1.03%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,177 (12.34%) Degree
2 423 (4.43%) Security Cleared
3 360 (3.77%) Computer Science Degree
4 322 (3.38%) SC Cleared
5 245 (2.57%) PhD
6 138 (1.45%) Numerate Degree
7 132 (1.38%) AWS Certification
8 92 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
9 91 (0.95%) DV Cleared
10 70 (0.73%) Master's Degree
11 66 (0.69%) CCNP
12 65 (0.68%) ISTQB
13 48 (0.50%) CISSP
14 39 (0.41%) CCIE
15 33 (0.35%) ISEB
16 31 (0.32%) CCNA
17 29 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
17 29 (0.30%) RHCE
17 29 (0.30%) Sun Certification
18 28 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 389 (4.08%) QA
2 102 (1.07%) Data Quality
3 71 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 56 (0.59%) SLA
5 52 (0.55%) GDPR
6 37 (0.39%) NIST
7 27 (0.28%) PCI DSS
8 21 (0.22%) PMO
9 15 (0.16%) MiFID
10 14 (0.15%) EMIR
10 14 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 13 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
12 12 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 11 (0.12%) HIPAA
13 11 (0.12%) ISO 9001
14 10 (0.10%) NCSC
15 9 (0.094%) ISO 22301
15 9 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 8 (0.084%) ISO 26262
16 8 (0.084%) NIST 800
System Software
1 2,299 (24.10%) Docker
2 226 (2.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 167 (1.75%) Active Directory
4 65 (0.68%) Firmware
5 63 (0.66%) HDFS
6 61 (0.64%) Hyper-V
7 41 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
8 39 (0.41%) KVM
9 30 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 30 (0.31%) Xen
10 26 (0.27%) VirtualBox
11 20 (0.21%) vSphere
12 15 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.16%) BitLocker
13 14 (0.15%) Ceph
14 12 (0.13%) NFS
15 11 (0.12%) VMware NSX
16 10 (0.10%) RHEV
16 10 (0.10%) Samba
17 8 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,902 (19.94%) Kubernetes
2 1,375 (14.41%) Terraform
3 1,196 (12.54%) Ansible
4 747 (7.83%) Puppet
5 450 (4.72%) Opscode Chef
6 227 (2.38%) Grafana
7 210 (2.20%) Prometheus
8 101 (1.06%) Nagios
9 51 (0.53%) Packer
10 49 (0.51%) Kibana
11 46 (0.48%) Salt
12 43 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
13 42 (0.44%) Graphite
13 42 (0.44%) SCCM
14 34 (0.36%) Consul
15 29 (0.30%) Graylog
16 25 (0.26%) ZABBIX
17 24 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
18 23 (0.24%) HAProxy
18 23 (0.24%) Rancher
Vendors
1 736 (7.71%) Microsoft
2 691 (7.24%) Google
3 431 (4.52%) Oracle
4 308 (3.23%) VMware
5 234 (2.45%) Databricks
6 215 (2.25%) Red Hat
7 164 (1.72%) Splunk
8 147 (1.54%) Atlassian
9 133 (1.39%) Cisco
10 127 (1.33%) SAP
11 108 (1.13%) SaltStack
12 107 (1.12%) IBM
13 91 (0.95%) Talend
14 83 (0.87%) New Relic
15 80 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
16 74 (0.78%) Informatica
17 73 (0.77%) Bloomberg
18 68 (0.71%) Cloudera
19 65 (0.68%) Apple
20 63 (0.66%) ServiceNow