Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 20 28 35
Rank change year-on-year +8 +7 +34
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,139 12,579 12,426
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.10% 7.31% 6.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.23% 13.41% 11.66%
Number of salaries quoted 13,110 10,680 10,470
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +7.00%
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,493 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.27%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 99,433 93,828 106,577
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.08% 54.55% 52.00%
Number of salaries quoted 83,625 80,109 91,971
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 15,108 £57,500 +4.55% 2,453
London +5 7,972 £65,000 +4.00% 1,250
UK excluding London +15 7,966 £50,000 +11.11% 1,335
South East +12 2,564 £50,000 +5.26% 343
East of England +11 1,627 £52,500 +16.67% 281
North of England +5 1,453 £50,000 +5.26% 246
South West +19 893 £50,000 +20.48% 189
North West +9 829 £50,000 +5.26% 130
Scotland +12 691 £50,000 +11.11% 85
Midlands +7 572 £45,000 +5.88% 142
Yorkshire +8 564 £50,000 0.00% 90
West Midlands +17 330 £45,000 +5.88% 105
East Midlands -9 239 £50,000 +25.00% 37
Wales +5 124 £42,500 - 30
North East -34 61 £42,000 +20.00% 26
Northern Ireland +33 59 £40,000 - 19
Channel Islands - 1 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,555 (40.62%) Java
2 6,125 (37.95%) Linux
3 5,273 (32.67%) Agile Software Development
4 4,474 (27.72%) Amazon AWS
5 4,291 (26.59%) SQL
6 4,131 (25.60%) DevOps
7 3,577 (22.16%) JavaScript
8 3,469 (21.49%) C++
9 3,288 (20.37%) Software Engineering
10 3,050 (18.90%) Finance
11 2,988 (18.51%) Degree
12 2,952 (18.29%) Ruby
13 2,808 (17.40%) C#
13 2,808 (17.40%) Docker
14 2,760 (17.10%) Bash Shell
15 2,728 (16.90%) Machine Learning
16 2,516 (15.59%) Ansible
17 2,444 (15.14%) Computer Science
18 2,401 (14.88%) Big Data
19 2,316 (14.35%) Jenkins
20 2,309 (14.31%) Puppet
21 2,146 (13.30%) Analytics
22 2,126 (13.17%) Data Science
23 2,097 (12.99%) Continuous Integration
24 2,084 (12.91%) Perl
25 2,049 (12.70%) Git (software)
26 1,891 (11.72%) Test Automation
27 1,889 (11.70%) Windows
28 1,886 (11.69%) Microsoft Azure
29 1,877 (11.63%) Mathematics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,626 (10.07%) Apache Spark
2 804 (4.98%) Apache
3 795 (4.93%) Elasticsearch
4 452 (2.80%) SAS
5 411 (2.55%) nginx
6 390 (2.42%) Tomcat
7 328 (2.03%) OpenStack
8 326 (2.02%) Confluence
9 162 (1.00%) Apache Pig
10 156 (0.97%) Apache Solr
11 140 (0.87%) WebSphere
12 127 (0.79%) JBoss
13 114 (0.71%) CMS
14 93 (0.58%) IIS
15 92 (0.57%) Jetty
16 90 (0.56%) WebLogic
17 82 (0.51%) SharePoint
17 82 (0.51%) WordPress
18 73 (0.45%) CloudStack
19 67 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 236 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 141 (0.87%) SPSS
3 69 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 64 (0.40%) Chatbot
5 51 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 37 (0.23%) MS Visio
7 30 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 18 (0.11%) Maya
9 16 (0.099%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.087%) Weka
11 13 (0.081%) GNU Octave
11 13 (0.081%) Mathematica
12 11 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
12 11 (0.068%) Stata
13 10 (0.062%) HipChat
14 9 (0.056%) Simulink
15 8 (0.050%) Houdini
16 6 (0.037%) NUKE
17 4 (0.025%) 3ds Max
18 3 (0.019%) InVision
Business Applications
1 33 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
3 26 (0.16%) Magento
4 22 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 19 (0.12%) thinkFolio
6 14 (0.087%) SAP InfiniteInsight
7 12 (0.074%) Summit
8 10 (0.062%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.062%) SAP ERP
8 10 (0.062%) Shopify
9 9 (0.056%) R3 Corda
9 9 (0.056%) RMDS
10 8 (0.050%) Relativity
10 8 (0.050%) Rolfe and Nolan
11 7 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 6 (0.037%) Documaker
12 6 (0.037%) Oracle Applications
13 5 (0.031%) Eikon
13 5 (0.031%) WebTrends
14 4 (0.025%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 4,474 (27.72%) Amazon AWS
2 1,886 (11.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 715 (4.43%) Google Cloud Platform
4 627 (3.88%) SaaS
5 542 (3.36%) AWS CloudFormation
6 464 (2.88%) GitHub
7 447 (2.77%) Amazon EC2
8 365 (2.26%) Cloud Computing
9 350 (2.17%) Amazon S3
10 346 (2.14%) PaaS
11 339 (2.10%) IaaS
12 334 (2.07%) Serverless
13 251 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
14 222 (1.38%) OpenShift
15 153 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 144 (0.89%) Amazon EMR
17 140 (0.87%) Amazon Kinesis
18 117 (0.72%) Amazon ELB
19 111 (0.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 92 (0.57%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 683 (4.23%) TCP/IP
2 596 (3.69%) Firewall
3 580 (3.59%) DNS
4 471 (2.92%) HTTP
5 435 (2.70%) Internet
6 307 (1.90%) VPN
7 259 (1.60%) WAN
8 234 (1.45%) DHCP
9 222 (1.38%) SSL
10 217 (1.34%) Network Security
11 187 (1.16%) Wireless
12 179 (1.11%) LAN
13 178 (1.10%) BGP
14 136 (0.84%) OSPF
15 126 (0.78%) SNMP
16 123 (0.76%) SMTP
17 103 (0.64%) IPsec
18 96 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
19 92 (0.57%) MPLS
19 92 (0.57%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,401 (14.88%) Big Data
2 1,689 (10.47%) NoSQL
3 1,663 (10.30%) Hadoop
4 1,626 (10.07%) MySQL
5 1,289 (7.99%) PostgreSQL
6 1,118 (6.93%) MongoDB
7 947 (5.87%) SQL Server
8 927 (5.74%) Relational Database
9 688 (4.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 573 (3.55%) Apache Hive
11 515 (3.19%) Data Warehouse
12 449 (2.78%) Redis
13 340 (2.11%) HBase
13 340 (2.11%) RDBMS
14 308 (1.91%) Data Mining
15 300 (1.86%) Power BI
16 283 (1.75%) Amazon Redshift
17 228 (1.41%) Blockchain
18 206 (1.28%) Impala
19 195 (1.21%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2,316 (14.35%) Jenkins
2 2,049 (12.70%) Git (software)
3 844 (5.23%) JIRA
4 768 (4.76%) Selenium
5 520 (3.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 515 (3.19%) Maven
7 483 (2.99%) Subversion
8 459 (2.84%) Cucumber
9 410 (2.54%) TeamCity
10 345 (2.14%) Vagrant
11 266 (1.65%) JUnit
12 263 (1.63%) WebDriver
13 246 (1.52%) Sonatype Nexus
14 207 (1.28%) Bitbucket
15 191 (1.18%) JMeter
16 189 (1.17%) GitLab
17 187 (1.16%) Gradle
18 169 (1.05%) Visual Studio
19 152 (0.94%) SoapUI
19 152 (0.94%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 3,050 (18.90%) Finance
2 802 (4.97%) Banking
3 777 (4.81%) Retail
4 645 (4.00%) Marketing
5 534 (3.31%) Telecoms
6 467 (2.89%) Games
7 383 (2.37%) Front Office
8 327 (2.03%) Electronics
9 293 (1.82%) Advertising
10 289 (1.79%) Investment Banking
11 220 (1.36%) Manufacturing
12 177 (1.10%) Financial Institution
13 139 (0.86%) Law
14 138 (0.86%) Legal
15 122 (0.76%) Publishing
16 79 (0.49%) Automotive
17 72 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
18 64 (0.40%) Aerospace
19 62 (0.38%) Back Office
20 28 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 4,903 (30.38%) Developer
2 2,010 (12.45%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,658 (10.27%) Python Developer
4 1,613 (9.99%) Software Engineer
5 997 (6.18%) Data Scientist
6 946 (5.86%) Java Developer
7 855 (5.30%) Python Engineer
8 818 (5.07%) Linux Engineer
9 814 (5.04%) Senior Developer
10 805 (4.99%) Software Developer
11 758 (4.70%) Analyst
12 679 (4.21%) AWS Engineer
13 655 (4.06%) Data Engineer
14 593 (3.67%) Cloud Engineer
15 540 (3.35%) Architect
16 520 (3.22%) AWS DevOps
17 516 (3.20%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 507 (3.14%) Graduate
19 484 (3.00%) Junior
20 476 (2.95%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,656 (10.26%) HTML
2 1,388 (8.60%) Web Services
3 1,370 (8.49%) AngularJS
4 1,308 (8.10%) CSS
5 1,246 (7.72%) .NET
6 1,140 (7.06%) Node.js
7 1,110 (6.88%) Django
8 923 (5.72%) React
9 789 (4.89%) REST
10 710 (4.40%) RESTful
11 702 (4.35%) Kafka
12 652 (4.04%) Spring
13 615 (3.81%) Natural Language Processing
14 528 (3.27%) HTML5
15 526 (3.26%) jQuery
16 482 (2.99%) JSON
17 479 (2.97%) XML
18 414 (2.57%) LAMP
19 397 (2.46%) TensorFlow
20 390 (2.42%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 2,444 (15.14%) Computer Science
2 1,593 (9.87%) Algorithms
3 1,350 (8.36%) Analytical Skills
4 1,010 (6.26%) Fintech
5 589 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
6 539 (3.34%) User Experience
7 456 (2.83%) Public Cloud
8 428 (2.65%) Data Centre
9 388 (2.40%) Data Structures
10 379 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
11 358 (2.22%) Mobile App
12 318 (1.97%) Hedge funds
13 288 (1.78%) Linux Command Line
14 253 (1.57%) Management Information System
15 241 (1.49%) Equities
16 238 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
17 195 (1.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 192 (1.19%) Private Cloud
19 187 (1.16%) Robotics
20 186 (1.15%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 6,125 (37.95%) Linux
2 1,889 (11.70%) Windows
3 1,584 (9.81%) Unix
4 528 (3.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 504 (3.12%) CentOS
6 340 (2.11%) Android
7 318 (1.97%) Ubuntu
8 268 (1.66%) Apple iOS
9 251 (1.56%) Windows Server
10 227 (1.41%) Debian
11 100 (0.62%) CoreOS
12 95 (0.59%) Mac OS X
13 81 (0.50%) Solaris
14 70 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
15 68 (0.42%) Mac OS
16 57 (0.35%) AIX
17 43 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
18 40 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
19 30 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
20 29 (0.18%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,273 (32.67%) Agile Software Development
2 4,131 (25.60%) DevOps
3 3,288 (20.37%) Software Engineering
4 2,728 (16.90%) Machine Learning
5 2,146 (13.30%) Analytics
6 2,126 (13.17%) Data Science
7 2,097 (12.99%) Continuous Integration
8 1,891 (11.72%) Test Automation
9 1,877 (11.63%) Mathematics
10 1,838 (11.39%) TDD
11 1,739 (10.78%) Problem-Solving
12 1,600 (9.91%) Scrum
13 1,527 (9.46%) Configuration Management
14 1,484 (9.20%) Open Source
15 1,299 (8.05%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,252 (7.76%) OO
17 1,121 (6.95%) Microservices
18 965 (5.98%) SDLC
19 963 (5.97%) BDD
20 911 (5.64%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 6,555 (40.62%) Java
2 4,291 (26.59%) SQL
3 3,577 (22.16%) JavaScript
4 3,469 (21.49%) C++
5 2,952 (18.29%) Ruby
6 2,808 (17.40%) C#
7 2,760 (17.10%) Bash Shell
8 2,084 (12.91%) Perl
9 1,770 (10.97%) C
10 1,707 (10.58%) PHP
11 1,677 (10.39%) R
12 1,598 (9.90%) Scala
13 1,174 (7.27%) PowerShell
14 807 (5.00%) Go
15 705 (4.37%) Shell Script
16 580 (3.59%) MATLAB
17 258 (1.60%) Java 8
18 235 (1.46%) Groovy
19 193 (1.20%) VBA
20 182 (1.13%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,988 (18.51%) Degree
2 1,027 (6.36%) PhD
3 836 (5.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 548 (3.40%) Security Cleared
5 269 (1.67%) SC Cleared
6 246 (1.52%) Numerate Degree
7 238 (1.47%) Master's Degree
8 207 (1.28%) Cisco Certification
9 189 (1.17%) DV Cleared
10 185 (1.15%) AWS Certification
11 172 (1.07%) CCNP
12 113 (0.70%) CISSP
13 107 (0.66%) ISTQB
14 90 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
15 74 (0.46%) CCNA
16 69 (0.43%) OSCP
17 65 (0.40%) ISEB
18 58 (0.36%) GIAC
18 58 (0.36%) RHCE
19 57 (0.35%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 919 (5.69%) QA
2 214 (1.33%) GCP
3 140 (0.87%) Data Quality
4 109 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 107 (0.66%) PCI DSS
6 104 (0.64%) GDPR
7 66 (0.41%) SLA
8 28 (0.17%) ISO 9001
9 17 (0.11%) HIPAA
10 14 (0.087%) Disclosure Scotland
10 14 (0.087%) MiFID
11 13 (0.081%) GPG13
12 12 (0.074%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 10 (0.062%) Actionable Recommendations
13 10 (0.062%) COBIT
13 10 (0.062%) Cyber Essentials
13 10 (0.062%) ISO 14001
13 10 (0.062%) JTAG
13 10 (0.062%) Solvency II
14 9 (0.056%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 2,808 (17.40%) Docker
2 468 (2.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 230 (1.43%) HDFS
4 212 (1.31%) Active Directory
5 147 (0.91%) vSphere
6 139 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
7 133 (0.82%) Apache Flume
8 128 (0.79%) Firmware
9 126 (0.78%) Hyper-V
10 89 (0.55%) KVM
11 61 (0.38%) VirtualBox
12 51 (0.32%) Xen
13 50 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 50 (0.31%) iptables
14 49 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
15 48 (0.30%) NFS
16 43 (0.27%) VMware NSX
17 39 (0.24%) Ceph
18 37 (0.23%) LXC
19 34 (0.21%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 2,516 (15.59%) Ansible
2 2,309 (14.31%) Puppet
3 1,871 (11.59%) Opscode Chef
4 1,372 (8.50%) Kubernetes
5 1,015 (6.29%) Terraform
6 465 (2.88%) Nagios
7 304 (1.88%) Salt
8 215 (1.33%) Packer
9 166 (1.03%) Docker Swarm
10 145 (0.90%) Kibana
11 139 (0.86%) logstash
12 131 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
13 119 (0.74%) ZABBIX
14 118 (0.73%) Prometheus
15 100 (0.62%) Grafana
16 96 (0.59%) Graphite
16 96 (0.59%) Mesos
17 94 (0.58%) Cobbler
17 94 (0.58%) HAProxy
18 73 (0.45%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,090 (6.75%) Google
2 1,055 (6.54%) Oracle
3 938 (5.81%) Microsoft
4 731 (4.53%) VMware
5 630 (3.90%) Red Hat
6 552 (3.42%) Tableau
7 396 (2.45%) Cisco
8 384 (2.38%) Splunk
9 273 (1.69%) Cloudera
10 221 (1.37%) IBM
11 202 (1.25%) SAP
12 199 (1.23%) Atlassian
13 166 (1.03%) SaltStack
14 163 (1.01%) New Relic
15 152 (0.94%) WorldPay
16 143 (0.89%) Hortonworks
17 130 (0.81%) Capita
17 130 (0.81%) Sybase
18 127 (0.79%) AppDynamics
19 116 (0.72%) Sophos