Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 18 23
Rank change year-on-year +4 +5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,275 16,448 15,063
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.30% 10.10% 8.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.02% 18.28% 15.13%
Number of salaries quoted 12,072 13,259 12,337
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £35,905 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 72,686 89,990 99,572
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.78% 55.25% 55.23%
Number of salaries quoted 59,969 74,877 82,019
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,700
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +0.60% +4.63%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 14,282 £62,500 +4.17% 2,684
London +2 8,326 £72,500 +3.57% 1,273
UK excluding London +2 6,727 £50,000 - 1,607
South East +3 2,122 £52,500 +5.00% 391
North of England +6 1,326 £52,500 +5.00% 328
South West +4 1,151 £50,000 - 214
East of England +2 745 £52,500 - 336
North West +1 663 £53,463 +4.11% 160
Yorkshire +14 589 £50,000 +11.11% 121
Scotland +1 589 £45,000 -10.00% 147
Midlands +10 553 £50,000 +11.11% 143
West Midlands +4 372 £50,000 +5.26% 95
Wales +14 176 £42,500 -15.00% 35
East Midlands +9 174 £47,500 +5.56% 48
Northern Ireland +3 79 £40,000 -11.11% 14
North East -3 75 £43,750 -2.78% 47
Channel Islands +9 1 £60,000 +14.29%

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,224 (34.20%) AWS
2 5,198 (34.03%) Agile Software Development
3 5,175 (33.88%) Java
4 4,532 (29.67%) Linux
5 4,219 (27.62%) SQL
6 4,035 (26.42%) DevOps
7 3,537 (23.16%) Finance
8 3,447 (22.57%) Software Engineering
9 3,335 (21.83%) Docker
10 3,179 (20.81%) JavaScript
11 2,588 (16.94%) C#
12 2,586 (16.93%) Azure
13 2,581 (16.90%) C++
14 2,467 (16.15%) Degree
15 2,396 (15.69%) Kubernetes
16 2,246 (14.70%) Analytics
17 2,242 (14.68%) Bash Shell
18 2,220 (14.53%) Data Science
19 2,198 (14.39%) Ansible
20 2,133 (13.96%) Machine Learning
21 2,120 (13.88%) Git (software)
22 1,963 (12.85%) Jenkins
23 1,818 (11.90%) Computer Science
24 1,793 (11.74%) R
25 1,773 (11.61%) Terraform
26 1,767 (11.57%) GCP
27 1,706 (11.17%) Big Data
28 1,655 (10.83%) Test Automation
29 1,628 (10.66%) Ruby
30 1,578 (10.33%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,212 (7.93%) Apache Spark
2 598 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
3 492 (3.22%) Apache
4 359 (2.35%) Confluence
5 277 (1.81%) SAS
6 238 (1.56%) nginx
7 190 (1.24%) Tomcat
8 166 (1.09%) OpenStack
9 145 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
10 125 (0.82%) IIS
11 105 (0.69%) WebSphere
12 103 (0.67%) JBoss
13 98 (0.64%) CMS
14 90 (0.59%) Jupyter
15 83 (0.54%) SharePoint
16 58 (0.38%) Tornado
17 54 (0.35%) WordPress
18 52 (0.34%) ArcGIS
19 46 (0.30%) WebLogic
20 45 (0.29%) Luigi
Applications
1 259 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 127 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
3 76 (0.50%) SPSS
4 33 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 29 (0.19%) Simulink
6 22 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 20 (0.13%) Adobe XD
7 20 (0.13%) Photoshop
8 16 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
8 16 (0.10%) Stata
9 14 (0.092%) MS Visio
10 11 (0.072%) Mathematica
11 10 (0.065%) GNU Octave
12 8 (0.052%) Zeplin
13 7 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.046%) Stateflow
14 6 (0.039%) InDesign
14 6 (0.039%) Maya
15 5 (0.033%) 3ds Max
15 5 (0.033%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 50 (0.33%) thinkFolio
2 44 (0.29%) FINCAD Analytics
3 40 (0.26%) PolarLake
4 36 (0.24%) Eagle PACE
4 36 (0.24%) Markit EDM
4 36 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
5 29 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
5 29 (0.19%) LatentZero
6 21 (0.14%) SAP ERP
7 19 (0.12%) R3 Corda
8 15 (0.098%) Teamcenter
9 13 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
10 9 (0.059%) SimCorp Dimension
11 8 (0.052%) Magento
12 7 (0.046%) MetaTrader
12 7 (0.046%) Oracle ERP
12 7 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 6 (0.039%) Odoo
13 6 (0.039%) Oracle BPM
14 5 (0.033%) CA PPM
Cloud Services
1 5,224 (34.20%) AWS
2 2,586 (16.93%) Azure
3 1,767 (11.57%) GCP
4 793 (5.19%) Serverless
5 607 (3.97%) AWS Lambda
6 591 (3.87%) Amazon S3
7 583 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
8 556 (3.64%) SaaS
9 525 (3.44%) Power Platform
10 464 (3.04%) GitHub
11 417 (2.73%) Amazon EC2
12 298 (1.95%) PaaS
13 279 (1.83%) Amazon SQS
14 269 (1.76%) Amazon ECS
15 262 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
16 250 (1.64%) OpenShift
17 199 (1.30%) IaaS
18 153 (1.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 150 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 134 (0.88%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 549 (3.59%) Firewall
2 540 (3.54%) DNS
3 468 (3.06%) TCP/IP
4 322 (2.11%) VPN
5 305 (2.00%) HTTP
6 289 (1.89%) Internet
7 225 (1.47%) Network Security
8 215 (1.41%) WAN
9 202 (1.32%) BGP
10 188 (1.23%) OSPF
11 181 (1.18%) SMTP
12 171 (1.12%) Cisco ASA
12 171 (1.12%) MPLS
13 166 (1.09%) DHCP
14 151 (0.99%) IPsec
15 150 (0.98%) NetScaler
16 146 (0.96%) Broadband
16 146 (0.96%) Cisco Nexus
17 145 (0.95%) Wireless
18 122 (0.80%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,706 (11.17%) Big Data
2 1,208 (7.91%) PostgreSQL
3 1,087 (7.12%) Hadoop
4 1,048 (6.86%) SQL Server
5 980 (6.42%) MySQL
6 958 (6.27%) NoSQL
7 715 (4.68%) Data Warehouse
8 663 (4.34%) Relational Database
9 650 (4.26%) MongoDB
10 516 (3.38%) Power BI
11 440 (2.88%) Apache Hive
12 376 (2.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 366 (2.40%) Amazon RDS
14 327 (2.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 325 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
16 275 (1.80%) Redis
17 253 (1.66%) Amazon Athena
17 253 (1.66%) BigQuery
18 251 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
19 249 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2,120 (13.88%) Git (software)
2 1,963 (12.85%) Jenkins
3 964 (6.31%) JIRA
4 677 (4.43%) Selenium
5 427 (2.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 400 (2.62%) Bitbucket
7 319 (2.09%) TeamCity
8 312 (2.04%) Cucumber
9 291 (1.91%) GitLab
10 267 (1.75%) Subversion
11 261 (1.71%) Maven
12 248 (1.62%) WebDriver
13 212 (1.39%) Visual Studio
14 196 (1.28%) JUnit
15 187 (1.22%) JMeter
16 180 (1.18%) Artifactory
16 180 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
17 170 (1.11%) RStudio
18 167 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
19 158 (1.03%) Vagrant
General
1 3,537 (23.16%) Finance
2 851 (5.57%) Banking
3 842 (5.51%) Front Office
4 699 (4.58%) Marketing
5 654 (4.28%) Retail
6 452 (2.96%) Telecoms
7 393 (2.57%) Public Sector
8 380 (2.49%) Electronics
9 359 (2.35%) Games
10 308 (2.02%) Manufacturing
11 203 (1.33%) Law
12 191 (1.25%) Advertising
13 188 (1.23%) Automotive
14 131 (0.86%) Investment Banking
15 119 (0.78%) Legal
16 117 (0.77%) Aerospace
17 113 (0.74%) Financial Institution
18 109 (0.71%) Back Office
19 83 (0.54%) Publishing
20 74 (0.48%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,505 (29.49%) Developer
2 1,811 (11.86%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,718 (11.25%) Python Developer
4 1,623 (10.63%) Software Engineer
5 1,039 (6.80%) Data Engineer
6 941 (6.16%) Python Engineer
7 835 (5.47%) Senior Developer
8 829 (5.43%) Data Scientist
9 821 (5.37%) Analyst
10 776 (5.08%) AWS Engineer
11 681 (4.46%) Java Developer
12 648 (4.24%) Software Developer
13 601 (3.93%) Cloud Engineer
14 496 (3.25%) Junior
15 484 (3.17%) Architect
16 452 (2.96%) Consultant
17 413 (2.70%) Senior DevOps
18 386 (2.53%) Linux Engineer
19 379 (2.48%) Senior Software Engineer
20 364 (2.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,444 (9.45%) Web Services
2 1,293 (8.46%) Node.js
3 1,161 (7.60%) .NET
4 1,134 (7.42%) HTML
5 1,026 (6.72%) AngularJS
6 1,018 (6.66%) CSS
7 1,000 (6.55%) React
8 940 (6.15%) Django
9 713 (4.67%) REST
10 646 (4.23%) Kafka
11 614 (4.02%) RESTful
12 467 (3.06%) Flask
13 431 (2.82%) Pandas
14 430 (2.82%) Spring
15 413 (2.70%) JSON
16 399 (2.61%) J2EE
17 396 (2.59%) TensorFlow
18 383 (2.51%) XML
19 370 (2.42%) Elastic Stack
20 360 (2.36%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 1,374 (9.00%) Analytical Skills
2 1,137 (7.44%) Algorithms
3 749 (4.90%) Greenfield Project
4 711 (4.65%) Fixed Income
5 577 (3.78%) Derivative
6 523 (3.42%) Hedge funds
7 473 (3.10%) Equities
8 441 (2.89%) Public Cloud
9 413 (2.70%) Data Structures
10 396 (2.59%) Management Information System
11 387 (2.53%) User Experience
12 364 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 347 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
14 310 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
15 284 (1.86%) Mobile App
16 217 (1.42%) Data Centre
17 213 (1.39%) Cloud Native
18 188 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
19 176 (1.15%) Robotics
20 163 (1.07%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,532 (29.67%) Linux
2 1,578 (10.33%) Windows
3 1,208 (7.91%) Unix
4 395 (2.59%) CentOS
5 305 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 303 (1.98%) Windows Server
7 264 (1.73%) Android
8 232 (1.52%) Ubuntu
9 190 (1.24%) Apple iOS
10 113 (0.74%) Debian
11 75 (0.49%) Mac OS
12 59 (0.39%) Solaris
13 56 (0.37%) Windows 10
14 48 (0.31%) Windows 7
15 45 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
16 44 (0.29%) VMS
17 41 (0.27%) Mac OS X
17 41 (0.27%) OS/400
18 40 (0.26%) Kali Linux
19 36 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,198 (34.03%) Agile Software Development
2 4,035 (26.42%) DevOps
3 3,447 (22.57%) Software Engineering
4 2,246 (14.70%) Analytics
5 2,220 (14.53%) Data Science
6 2,133 (13.96%) Machine Learning
7 1,818 (11.90%) Computer Science
8 1,655 (10.83%) Test Automation
9 1,571 (10.28%) Problem-Solving
10 1,499 (9.81%) Continuous Integration
11 1,461 (9.56%) Microservices
12 1,313 (8.60%) Artificial Intelligence
13 1,307 (8.56%) Business Intelligence
14 1,209 (7.91%) Scrum
15 1,206 (7.90%) Mathematics
16 1,168 (7.65%) Mentoring
17 1,104 (7.23%) TDD
18 1,102 (7.21%) Fintech
19 1,100 (7.20%) Open Source
20 1,028 (6.73%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 5,175 (33.88%) Java
2 4,219 (27.62%) SQL
3 3,179 (20.81%) JavaScript
4 2,588 (16.94%) C#
5 2,581 (16.90%) C++
6 2,242 (14.68%) Bash Shell
7 1,793 (11.74%) R
8 1,628 (10.66%) Ruby
9 1,256 (8.22%) C
10 1,207 (7.90%) PowerShell
11 1,147 (7.51%) Go
12 1,084 (7.10%) PHP
13 1,075 (7.04%) Scala
14 1,057 (6.92%) Perl
15 528 (3.46%) Shell Script
16 398 (2.61%) MATLAB
17 376 (2.46%) TypeScript
18 227 (1.49%) Kotlin
19 195 (1.28%) VBA
20 192 (1.26%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 2,467 (16.15%) Degree
2 668 (4.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 604 (3.95%) Security Cleared
4 460 (3.01%) PhD
5 290 (1.90%) Cisco Certification
6 286 (1.87%) SC Cleared
7 231 (1.51%) DV Cleared
8 216 (1.41%) CCNP
9 206 (1.35%) CCNA
10 146 (0.96%) Master's Degree
11 124 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
12 94 (0.62%) AWS Certification
13 76 (0.50%) ISTQB
14 73 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
15 72 (0.47%) CISSP
16 57 (0.37%) CCIE
17 50 (0.33%) Postgraduate
18 49 (0.32%) CISM
18 49 (0.32%) ISEB
19 46 (0.30%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 840 (5.50%) QA
2 209 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 206 (1.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 146 (0.96%) ISO 9001
5 61 (0.40%) GDPR
6 56 (0.37%) SLA
7 28 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 24 (0.16%) MiFID
9 21 (0.14%) EMIR
10 19 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 18 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
12 16 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
13 15 (0.098%) IFRS
13 15 (0.098%) IFRS 9
14 14 (0.092%) HMG Infosec
14 14 (0.092%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 14 (0.092%) IEC 61131
14 14 (0.092%) JSP 440
14 14 (0.092%) NIST
15 13 (0.085%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 3,335 (21.83%) Docker
2 323 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 288 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 143 (0.94%) HDFS
5 120 (0.79%) Firmware
6 115 (0.75%) Hyper-V
7 82 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
8 80 (0.52%) Apache Flume
9 67 (0.44%) vSphere
10 62 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
11 60 (0.39%) Xen
12 53 (0.35%) VirtualBox
13 51 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 51 (0.33%) KVM
14 48 (0.31%) NFS
15 40 (0.26%) XenApp
16 27 (0.18%) Varnish
16 27 (0.18%) XenDesktop
17 24 (0.16%) VMware NSX
18 23 (0.15%) Samba
Systems Management
1 2,396 (15.69%) Kubernetes
2 2,198 (14.39%) Ansible
3 1,773 (11.61%) Terraform
4 1,503 (9.84%) Puppet
5 1,149 (7.52%) Opscode Chef
6 362 (2.37%) Nagios
7 257 (1.68%) Prometheus
8 248 (1.62%) Packer
9 242 (1.58%) Grafana
10 179 (1.17%) Salt
11 167 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
12 160 (1.05%) Kibana
13 149 (0.98%) FortiGate
14 136 (0.89%) Oozie
15 135 (0.88%) Consul
16 115 (0.75%) ZABBIX
17 108 (0.71%) Graphite
18 103 (0.67%) Rancher
19 90 (0.59%) logstash
20 88 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,265 (8.28%) Google
2 1,082 (7.08%) Microsoft
3 752 (4.92%) Oracle
4 585 (3.83%) Tableau
5 473 (3.10%) Splunk
6 416 (2.72%) VMware
7 395 (2.59%) Red Hat
8 336 (2.20%) Cisco
9 278 (1.82%) SAP
10 206 (1.35%) Bloomberg
11 200 (1.31%) Atlassian
11 200 (1.31%) Palo Alto
12 197 (1.29%) IBM
13 183 (1.20%) Informatica
14 155 (1.01%) Fortinet
15 136 (0.89%) Cloudera
16 124 (0.81%) Reuters
17 123 (0.81%) Talend
18 119 (0.78%) Hortonworks
19 102 (0.67%) New Relic