Period
to 24 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 25 29 52
Rank change year-on-year +4 +23 +16
Permanent jobs citing Python 13874 12620 10959
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.96% 6.55% 4.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 14.37% 12.43% 9.66%
Number of salaries quoted 11332 10867 9220
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £89,875 £85,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £43,900
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.51% +9.75%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 96575 101521 113430
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.40% 52.67% 51.48%
Number of salaries quoted 79280 87681 97002
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +1.27%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 24 September 2017.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 13116 £55,000 - 768
London -4 7359 £65,000 +8.33% 406
UK excluding London +19 6373 £47,500 +5.56% 376
South East +15 2094 £50,000 - 129
North of England +18 1293 £47,500 +18.75% 63
East of England +14 1147 £47,500 +4.40% 99
South West +2 733 £45,000 -2.17% 41
North West +40 655 £47,500 +18.75% 38
Yorkshire +16 594 £50,000 +25.00% 24
Scotland +7 507 £45,000 +5.88% 12
Midlands +13 494 £41,500 -2.35% 30
West Midlands +30 323 £40,000 +3.90% 20
East Midlands -3 194 £38,750 -3.13% 10
Wales -7 93 £42,500 +10.39% 1
North East +18 44 £40,000 -11.11% 1
Northern Ireland +8 44 £40,000 +17.65% 1

For the 6 months to 24 September 2017, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6068 (43.74%) Java
2 5272 (38.00%) Linux
3 4847 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
4 3689 (26.59%) SQL
5 3222 (23.22%) DevOps
6 3129 (22.55%) C++
7 3119 (22.48%) Finance
8 3053 (22.01%) Amazon AWS
9 2930 (21.12%) JavaScript
10 2673 (19.27%) Ruby
11 2638 (19.01%) Degree
12 2547 (18.36%) Software Engineering
13 2393 (17.25%) C#
14 2342 (16.88%) Perl
15 2325 (16.76%) Bash Shell
16 2214 (15.96%) Puppet
17 2049 (14.77%) Computer Science
18 2030 (14.63%) Docker
19 1993 (14.36%) Ansible
20 1976 (14.24%) Git (software)
21 1963 (14.15%) Jenkins
22 1909 (13.76%) Analytics
23 1898 (13.68%) Windows
24 1894 (13.65%) Machine Learning
25 1785 (12.87%) Continuous Integration
26 1784 (12.86%) Big Data
27 1727 (12.45%) Opscode Chef
28 1705 (12.29%) Unix
29 1638 (11.81%) HTML
30 1595 (11.50%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1165 (8.40%) Apache Spark
2 865 (6.23%) Apache
3 609 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
4 585 (4.22%) Tomcat
5 505 (3.64%) OpenStack
6 493 (3.55%) SAS
7 403 (2.90%) nginx
8 351 (2.53%) Confluence
9 244 (1.76%) JBoss
10 217 (1.56%) IIS
11 185 (1.33%) WebSphere
12 177 (1.28%) Apache Solr
13 152 (1.10%) WebLogic
14 137 (0.99%) Jetty
15 124 (0.89%) Apache Pig
16 109 (0.79%) CloudStack
17 108 (0.78%) CMS
18 99 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
19 66 (0.48%) SharePoint
20 63 (0.45%) Drupal
Applications
1 215 (1.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 157 (1.13%) SPSS
3 74 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
4 37 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 33 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
6 18 (0.13%) Stata
7 17 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.086%) MS Visio
9 8 (0.058%) Maya
9 8 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
9 8 (0.058%) Simulink
10 7 (0.050%) GIMP
10 7 (0.050%) HipChat
11 6 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
11 6 (0.043%) Maple
11 6 (0.043%) S-PLUS
12 5 (0.036%) Inkscape
13 4 (0.029%) Chatbot
13 4 (0.029%) FrameMaker
13 4 (0.029%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 27 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
2 18 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.12%) SAP InfiniteInsight
4 15 (0.11%) Teamcenter
5 13 (0.094%) Dynamics NAV
6 12 (0.086%) Odoo
7 11 (0.079%) Magento
8 8 (0.058%) SAP ERP
9 7 (0.050%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 7 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
10 6 (0.043%) Front Arena
10 6 (0.043%) R3 Corda
10 6 (0.043%) Revive Adserver
10 6 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.036%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.029%) ION MarketView
13 3 (0.022%) Endur
13 3 (0.022%) NetSuite
13 3 (0.022%) Sentinel
13 3 (0.022%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 3053 (22.01%) Amazon AWS
2 1142 (8.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 512 (3.69%) Google Cloud Platform
4 471 (3.39%) SaaS
5 293 (2.11%) AWS CloudFormation
6 282 (2.03%) GitHub
7 278 (2.00%) PaaS
8 251 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
9 241 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
10 210 (1.51%) IaaS
11 171 (1.23%) Amazon S3
12 83 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 82 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
14 70 (0.50%) OpenShift
15 68 (0.49%) Google Analytics
16 63 (0.45%) npm
17 60 (0.43%) Amazon EMR
18 59 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 55 (0.40%) Office 365
20 49 (0.35%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 557 (4.01%) TCP/IP
2 534 (3.85%) Firewall
3 408 (2.94%) DNS
4 401 (2.89%) Internet
5 373 (2.69%) HTTP
6 246 (1.77%) Wireless
7 241 (1.74%) WAN
8 232 (1.67%) VPN
9 197 (1.42%) Network Security
10 181 (1.30%) BGP
11 174 (1.25%) SSL
12 161 (1.16%) LAN
13 160 (1.15%) DHCP
14 135 (0.97%) OSPF
15 125 (0.90%) Ethernet
16 112 (0.81%) IPsec
17 111 (0.80%) LDAP
18 104 (0.75%) SAN
19 98 (0.71%) VLAN
20 97 (0.70%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1784 (12.86%) Big Data
2 1352 (9.74%) Hadoop
3 1348 (9.72%) MySQL
4 1286 (9.27%) NoSQL
5 1002 (7.22%) MongoDB
6 979 (7.06%) SQL Server
7 899 (6.48%) PostgreSQL
8 799 (5.76%) Relational Database
9 543 (3.91%) Data Warehouse
10 523 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
11 429 (3.09%) Redis
12 344 (2.48%) Apache Hive
13 276 (1.99%) RDBMS
14 262 (1.89%) Data Mining
15 177 (1.28%) HBase
16 174 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
17 152 (1.10%) QlikView
18 139 (1.00%) Riak
19 133 (0.96%) Power BI
20 130 (0.94%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1976 (14.24%) Git (software)
2 1963 (14.15%) Jenkins
3 871 (6.28%) JIRA
4 703 (5.07%) Selenium
5 481 (3.47%) Maven
6 450 (3.24%) Subversion
7 426 (3.07%) Cucumber
8 384 (2.77%) JUnit
9 382 (2.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 378 (2.72%) TeamCity
11 230 (1.66%) Vagrant
12 221 (1.59%) Visual Studio
13 190 (1.37%) Gradle
14 188 (1.36%) Bitbucket
15 163 (1.17%) JMeter
16 160 (1.15%) gulp
17 144 (1.04%) WebDriver
18 133 (0.96%) Appium
18 133 (0.96%) Eclipse
19 126 (0.91%) Ant
General
1 3119 (22.48%) Finance
2 1048 (7.55%) Banking
3 964 (6.95%) Marketing
4 834 (6.01%) Retail
5 761 (5.49%) Telecoms
6 590 (4.25%) Electronics
7 579 (4.17%) Investment Banking
8 514 (3.70%) Front Office
9 453 (3.27%) Manufacturing
10 401 (2.89%) Games
11 372 (2.68%) Retail Banking
12 230 (1.66%) Financial Institution
13 203 (1.46%) Advertising
14 144 (1.04%) Publishing
15 124 (0.89%) Legal
16 98 (0.71%) Automotive
17 66 (0.48%) Back Office
18 65 (0.47%) Aerospace
19 44 (0.32%) Law
20 37 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4757 (34.29%) Developer
2 1729 (12.46%) DevOps Engineer
3 1641 (11.83%) Python Developer
4 1272 (9.17%) Software Engineer
5 966 (6.96%) Java Developer
6 880 (6.34%) Senior Developer
7 799 (5.76%) Data Scientist
8 794 (5.72%) Analyst
9 747 (5.38%) Software Developer
10 719 (5.18%) Linux Engineer
11 596 (4.30%) Graduate
12 477 (3.44%) Junior
13 465 (3.35%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 455 (3.28%) Architect
15 400 (2.88%) AWS Engineer
16 379 (2.73%) Java Engineer
17 367 (2.65%) C++ Developer
18 363 (2.62%) Systems Engineer
19 360 (2.59%) Administrator
20 357 (2.57%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1638 (11.81%) HTML
2 1311 (9.45%) CSS
3 1242 (8.95%) .NET
4 1066 (7.68%) Web Services
5 1041 (7.50%) AngularJS
6 950 (6.85%) Node.js
7 868 (6.26%) Django
8 671 (4.84%) REST
9 623 (4.49%) RESTful
10 587 (4.23%) React
11 535 (3.86%) HTML5
11 535 (3.86%) Spring
12 492 (3.55%) Kafka
13 445 (3.21%) XML
14 437 (3.15%) jQuery
15 403 (2.90%) Flask
16 386 (2.78%) JSON
17 366 (2.64%) Natural Language Processing
18 353 (2.54%) LAMP
19 323 (2.33%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 2049 (14.77%) Computer Science
2 1191 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
3 1162 (8.38%) Algorithms
4 664 (4.79%) Fintech
5 482 (3.47%) Greenfield Project
6 396 (2.85%) User Experience
7 349 (2.52%) Data Centre
8 324 (2.34%) Mobile App
9 311 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
10 306 (2.21%) Derivative
11 279 (2.01%) Data Structures
12 242 (1.74%) Public Cloud
13 236 (1.70%) Hedge funds
14 218 (1.57%) Management Information System
15 211 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 195 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
17 142 (1.02%) Equities
18 132 (0.95%) Private Cloud
19 128 (0.92%) Equity Derivative
20 124 (0.89%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 5272 (38.00%) Linux
2 1898 (13.68%) Windows
3 1705 (12.29%) Unix
4 610 (4.40%) CentOS
5 594 (4.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 454 (3.27%) Ubuntu
7 420 (3.03%) Android
8 312 (2.25%) Apple iOS
9 263 (1.90%) Debian
10 226 (1.63%) Windows Server
11 178 (1.28%) Solaris
12 76 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
13 70 (0.50%) Mac OS X
14 69 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
15 66 (0.48%) AIX
16 64 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
17 61 (0.44%) CoreOS
18 58 (0.42%) Mac OS
19 39 (0.28%) Windows 7
20 37 (0.27%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 4847 (34.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3222 (23.22%) DevOps
3 2547 (18.36%) Software Engineering
4 1909 (13.76%) Analytics
5 1894 (13.65%) Machine Learning
6 1785 (12.87%) Continuous Integration
7 1595 (11.50%) TDD
8 1492 (10.75%) Test Automation
9 1402 (10.11%) Open Source
10 1395 (10.05%) Scrum
11 1369 (9.87%) Mathematics
12 1236 (8.91%) Configuration Management
13 1219 (8.79%) OO
14 958 (6.91%) Business Intelligence
15 834 (6.01%) SDLC
16 792 (5.71%) BDD
17 725 (5.23%) Microservices
18 672 (4.84%) Physics
19 659 (4.75%) E-Commerce
19 659 (4.75%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 6068 (43.74%) Java
2 3689 (26.59%) SQL
3 3129 (22.55%) C++
4 2930 (21.12%) JavaScript
5 2673 (19.27%) Ruby
6 2393 (17.25%) C#
7 2342 (16.88%) Perl
8 2325 (16.76%) Bash Shell
9 1476 (10.64%) PHP
10 1404 (10.12%) R
11 1324 (9.54%) C
12 1180 (8.51%) Scala
13 854 (6.16%) PowerShell
14 796 (5.74%) Shell Script
15 794 (5.72%) Go
16 573 (4.13%) MATLAB
17 271 (1.95%) PL/SQL
18 227 (1.64%) Groovy
19 213 (1.54%) T-SQL
20 181 (1.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2638 (19.01%) Degree
2 900 (6.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 771 (5.56%) PhD
4 498 (3.59%) Security Cleared
5 217 (1.56%) SC Cleared
6 195 (1.41%) Cisco Certification
7 191 (1.38%) Numerate Degree
8 173 (1.25%) DV Cleared
9 157 (1.13%) Master's Degree
10 143 (1.03%) CCNP
11 127 (0.92%) CISSP
12 109 (0.79%) ISEB
13 100 (0.72%) ISTQB
14 84 (0.61%) CCNA
15 73 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
16 67 (0.48%) CCIE
17 63 (0.45%) CISM
18 59 (0.43%) AWS Certification
19 57 (0.41%) RHCE
20 42 (0.30%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 774 (5.58%) QA
2 122 (0.88%) Data Quality
3 84 (0.61%) GCP
4 68 (0.49%) SLA
5 67 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 65 (0.47%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
8 17 (0.12%) GDPR
9 13 (0.094%) IFRS
10 12 (0.086%) COBIT
10 12 (0.086%) IFRS 9
10 12 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 11 (0.079%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 10 (0.072%) GPG13
13 9 (0.065%) ISO 9001
14 8 (0.058%) Cyber Essentials
14 8 (0.058%) MiFID
14 8 (0.058%) SEPA
15 6 (0.043%) HIPAA
15 6 (0.043%) PMO
System Software
1 2030 (14.63%) Docker
2 482 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 262 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 185 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
5 155 (1.12%) Hyper-V
6 148 (1.07%) vSphere
7 146 (1.05%) Xen
8 122 (0.88%) Firmware
9 108 (0.78%) KVM
10 97 (0.70%) XenServer
11 94 (0.68%) HDFS
12 81 (0.58%) Apache Flume
13 75 (0.54%) Varnish
14 69 (0.50%) iptables
15 67 (0.48%) NFS
16 57 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
17 47 (0.34%) LXC
18 42 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 38 (0.27%) Snort
20 27 (0.19%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 2214 (15.96%) Puppet
2 1993 (14.36%) Ansible
3 1727 (12.45%) Opscode Chef
4 825 (5.95%) Kubernetes
5 533 (3.84%) Terraform
6 393 (2.83%) Nagios
7 228 (1.64%) Salt
8 152 (1.10%) Grafana
9 145 (1.05%) Kibana
10 133 (0.96%) ZABBIX
11 131 (0.94%) logstash
12 129 (0.93%) Mesos
13 117 (0.84%) Cobbler
14 98 (0.71%) HAProxy
15 95 (0.68%) Packer
16 91 (0.66%) Tivoli
17 72 (0.52%) Graphite
18 62 (0.45%) Rundeck
19 60 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
20 59 (0.43%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1153 (8.31%) Oracle
2 884 (6.37%) Red Hat
3 805 (5.80%) Microsoft
4 758 (5.46%) Google
5 679 (4.89%) VMware
6 475 (3.42%) SAP
7 445 (3.21%) Tableau
8 352 (2.54%) Cisco
9 330 (2.38%) Splunk
10 182 (1.31%) SaltStack
11 155 (1.12%) HP
12 142 (1.02%) TIBCO
13 140 (1.01%) Juniper
14 138 (0.99%) IBM
15 127 (0.92%) Atlassian
16 119 (0.86%) Cloudera
17 114 (0.82%) Hortonworks
18 91 (0.66%) Adobe
18 91 (0.66%) Sybase
19 90 (0.65%) F5