Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 21 28
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +12
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,222 15,397 12,358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.72% 8.71% 7.07%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.50% 15.64% 13.19%
Number of salaries quoted 13,257 12,725 10,573
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 83,170 98,472 93,722
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.94% 55.70% 53.63%
Number of salaries quoted 68,771 82,696 80,271
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 15,156 £60,000 +4.35% 3,091
London +7 9,047 £70,000 +7.69% 1,516
UK excluding London +4 6,901 £50,000 - 1,747
South East +2 2,226 £50,000 - 428
North of England +16 1,278 £50,000 - 343
South West +12 1,077 £47,500 - 253
East of England -2 921 £52,500 +5.00% 374
North West +16 695 £55,000 +13.40% 177
Scotland +2 611 £45,000 -10.00% 101
Midlands +13 584 £45,000 - 177
Yorkshire +15 481 £49,337 -1.33% 134
West Midlands +27 364 £45,000 +5.88% 106
East Midlands -4 220 £42,500 -10.53% 70
Wales +21 130 £47,500 +11.76% 53
Northern Ireland -3 106 £50,000 +25.00% 19
North East +49 103 £45,000 +20.00% 32
Channel Islands -1 1 £60,000 -7.69%

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,323 (38.98%) Java
2 5,603 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
3 5,582 (34.41%) Linux
4 4,908 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
5 4,797 (29.57%) SQL
6 4,409 (27.18%) DevOps
7 3,586 (22.11%) JavaScript
8 3,513 (21.66%) Finance
9 3,443 (21.22%) Software Engineering
10 3,306 (20.38%) C++
11 3,078 (18.97%) Docker
12 3,039 (18.73%) C#
13 2,766 (17.05%) Degree
14 2,599 (16.02%) Machine Learning
15 2,549 (15.71%) Ansible
16 2,538 (15.65%) Microsoft Azure
17 2,443 (15.06%) Bash Shell
18 2,419 (14.91%) Analytics
19 2,367 (14.59%) Git (software)
20 2,283 (14.07%) Computer Science
21 2,271 (14.00%) Jenkins
22 2,145 (13.22%) Ruby
23 2,086 (12.86%) Big Data
24 2,032 (12.53%) Data Science
25 1,989 (12.26%) Continuous Integration
26 1,967 (12.13%) Test Automation
27 1,827 (11.26%) Kubernetes
28 1,815 (11.19%) Windows
29 1,779 (10.97%) Puppet
30 1,721 (10.61%) HTML

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,450 (8.94%) Apache Spark
2 919 (5.67%) Apache
3 808 (4.98%) Elasticsearch
4 390 (2.40%) Confluence
5 378 (2.33%) SAS
6 349 (2.15%) Tomcat
7 331 (2.04%) nginx
8 211 (1.30%) Apache Pig
9 185 (1.14%) OpenStack
10 111 (0.68%) IIS
10 111 (0.68%) WebLogic
11 104 (0.64%) Apache Solr
12 86 (0.53%) MS Exchange
12 86 (0.53%) WebSphere
13 85 (0.52%) JBoss
14 83 (0.51%) SharePoint
15 62 (0.38%) Ethereum
16 60 (0.37%) Jupyter
17 58 (0.36%) Cloud Foundry
18 52 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 259 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 175 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
3 91 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 89 (0.55%) SPSS
5 47 (0.29%) Chatbot
6 46 (0.28%) MS Visio
7 22 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 21 (0.13%) Stata
9 14 (0.086%) Simulink
9 14 (0.086%) Snapchat
10 10 (0.062%) GNU Octave
10 10 (0.062%) InVision
11 8 (0.049%) Fireworks
11 8 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.043%) HipChat
13 5 (0.031%) Weka
14 3 (0.018%) S-PLUS
15 2 (0.012%) AutoCAD
15 2 (0.012%) CPLEX
15 2 (0.012%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 66 (0.41%) thinkFolio
2 53 (0.33%) Distributed Ledger
3 31 (0.19%) Magento
4 29 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 25 (0.15%) Odoo
6 21 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 16 (0.099%) Actimize
8 15 (0.092%) R3 Corda
8 15 (0.092%) SAP Business One
9 10 (0.062%) Oracle Applications
9 10 (0.062%) Summit
10 9 (0.055%) Eze OMS
10 9 (0.055%) Oracle Payables
10 9 (0.055%) Oracle Receivables
11 8 (0.049%) Eagle PACE
11 8 (0.049%) Front Arena
11 8 (0.049%) Markit EDM
11 8 (0.049%) Remedy ITSM
11 8 (0.049%) SAP BPC
11 8 (0.049%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,908 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
2 2,538 (15.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,493 (9.20%) Google Cloud Platform
4 554 (3.42%) SaaS
5 533 (3.29%) Serverless
6 468 (2.88%) AWS CloudFormation
7 458 (2.82%) GitHub
8 442 (2.72%) Cloud Computing
9 396 (2.44%) AWS Lambda
10 395 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
11 378 (2.33%) Amazon S3
12 314 (1.94%) PaaS
13 230 (1.42%) IaaS
14 221 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 197 (1.21%) Office 365
16 186 (1.15%) Amazon SQS
17 169 (1.04%) Amazon EMR
18 135 (0.83%) OpenShift
19 121 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
20 112 (0.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 636 (3.92%) Firewall
2 510 (3.14%) TCP/IP
3 390 (2.40%) DNS
4 329 (2.03%) Internet
5 310 (1.91%) HTTP
6 223 (1.37%) Wireless
7 207 (1.28%) WAN
8 195 (1.20%) VPN
9 185 (1.14%) Network Security
10 176 (1.08%) LAN
11 153 (0.94%) DHCP
12 127 (0.78%) BGP
13 121 (0.75%) SSL
14 102 (0.63%) Wireshark
15 98 (0.60%) Wi-Fi
16 90 (0.55%) SAN
17 87 (0.54%) VLAN
18 81 (0.50%) MPLS
19 79 (0.49%) VoIP
20 78 (0.48%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,086 (12.86%) Big Data
2 1,666 (10.27%) NoSQL
3 1,528 (9.42%) Hadoop
4 1,359 (8.38%) MySQL
5 1,292 (7.96%) PostgreSQL
6 1,149 (7.08%) SQL Server
7 941 (5.80%) MongoDB
8 925 (5.70%) Relational Database
9 688 (4.24%) Apache Hive
10 654 (4.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 604 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
12 470 (2.90%) Power BI
13 450 (2.77%) Amazon Redshift
14 406 (2.50%) Redis
15 360 (2.22%) HBase
16 303 (1.87%) Data Mining
17 293 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 265 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 258 (1.59%) RDBMS
20 256 (1.58%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,367 (14.59%) Git (software)
2 2,271 (14.00%) Jenkins
3 1,054 (6.50%) JIRA
4 761 (4.69%) Selenium
5 577 (3.56%) Maven
6 534 (3.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 516 (3.18%) TeamCity
8 421 (2.60%) Subversion
9 348 (2.15%) Cucumber
10 276 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
11 275 (1.70%) GitLab
12 274 (1.69%) Visual Studio
13 269 (1.66%) Vagrant
14 267 (1.65%) Bitbucket
15 227 (1.40%) Gradle
16 216 (1.33%) JUnit
17 215 (1.33%) Team Foundation Server
18 176 (1.08%) Visual Studio Team System
18 176 (1.08%) WebDriver
19 174 (1.07%) Ant
General
1 3,513 (21.66%) Finance
2 1,061 (6.54%) Banking
3 662 (4.08%) Retail
4 626 (3.86%) Marketing
5 560 (3.45%) Telecoms
6 452 (2.79%) Front Office
7 440 (2.71%) Games
8 327 (2.02%) Law
9 309 (1.90%) Electronics
10 297 (1.83%) Manufacturing
11 278 (1.71%) Investment Banking
12 232 (1.43%) Military
13 165 (1.02%) Advertising
14 161 (0.99%) Financial Institution
15 133 (0.82%) Publishing
16 125 (0.77%) Legal
17 107 (0.66%) Aerospace
18 98 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
19 89 (0.55%) Automotive
20 77 (0.47%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,944 (30.48%) Developer
2 1,938 (11.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,680 (10.36%) Python Developer
4 1,658 (10.22%) Software Engineer
5 966 (5.95%) Python Engineer
6 947 (5.84%) Data Engineer
7 911 (5.62%) Analyst
8 885 (5.46%) Data Scientist
9 843 (5.20%) Senior Developer
10 791 (4.88%) Java Developer
11 785 (4.84%) Software Developer
12 651 (4.01%) Architect
13 624 (3.85%) Junior
14 603 (3.72%) AWS Engineer
15 586 (3.61%) Linux Engineer
16 509 (3.14%) Cloud Engineer
17 495 (3.05%) Graduate
18 484 (2.98%) Test Engineer
19 437 (2.69%) AWS DevOps
20 390 (2.40%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,721 (10.61%) HTML
2 1,484 (9.15%) AngularJS
3 1,362 (8.40%) Node.js
4 1,346 (8.30%) CSS
5 1,304 (8.04%) .NET
6 1,233 (7.60%) Web Services
7 1,094 (6.74%) Django
8 1,085 (6.69%) React
9 922 (5.68%) Kafka
10 797 (4.91%) REST
11 714 (4.40%) RESTful
12 630 (3.88%) Spring
13 586 (3.61%) HTML5
14 509 (3.14%) Natural Language Processing
15 472 (2.91%) Elastic Stack
16 462 (2.85%) XML
17 437 (2.69%) Vue.js
18 425 (2.62%) JSON
19 377 (2.32%) TensorFlow
20 376 (2.32%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 1,356 (8.36%) Algorithms
1 1,356 (8.36%) Analytical Skills
2 1,124 (6.93%) Fintech
3 623 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 541 (3.33%) Data Structures
5 530 (3.27%) Hedge funds
6 525 (3.24%) User Experience
7 487 (3.00%) Self-Motivation
8 435 (2.68%) Public Cloud
9 379 (2.34%) Data Centre
10 365 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
11 335 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
12 328 (2.02%) Derivative
13 310 (1.91%) Equities
14 298 (1.84%) Fixed Income
15 290 (1.79%) Mobile App
16 259 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 204 (1.26%) Management Information System
18 202 (1.25%) Robotics
19 171 (1.05%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 5,582 (34.41%) Linux
2 1,815 (11.19%) Windows
3 1,400 (8.63%) Unix
4 578 (3.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 551 (3.40%) CentOS
6 424 (2.61%) Ubuntu
7 396 (2.44%) Android
8 321 (1.98%) Windows Server
9 300 (1.85%) Apple iOS
10 168 (1.04%) Debian
11 83 (0.51%) Mac OS X
12 79 (0.49%) Solaris
13 69 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
13 69 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
14 67 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
15 62 (0.38%) AIX
15 62 (0.38%) Fedora
16 54 (0.33%) CoreOS
17 46 (0.28%) Windows 10
18 43 (0.27%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,603 (34.54%) Agile Software Development
2 4,409 (27.18%) DevOps
3 3,443 (21.22%) Software Engineering
4 2,599 (16.02%) Machine Learning
5 2,419 (14.91%) Analytics
6 2,283 (14.07%) Computer Science
7 2,032 (12.53%) Data Science
8 1,989 (12.26%) Continuous Integration
9 1,967 (12.13%) Test Automation
10 1,644 (10.13%) Mathematics
11 1,595 (9.83%) Artificial Intelligence
12 1,530 (9.43%) Problem-Solving
13 1,479 (9.12%) Open Source
14 1,426 (8.79%) TDD
15 1,375 (8.48%) Scrum
16 1,280 (7.89%) Microservices
17 1,230 (7.58%) Configuration Management
18 1,158 (7.14%) OO
19 1,136 (7.00%) Business Intelligence
20 1,021 (6.29%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6,323 (38.98%) Java
2 4,797 (29.57%) SQL
3 3,586 (22.11%) JavaScript
4 3,306 (20.38%) C++
5 3,039 (18.73%) C#
6 2,443 (15.06%) Bash Shell
7 2,145 (13.22%) Ruby
8 1,641 (10.12%) Perl
9 1,539 (9.49%) C
9 1,539 (9.49%) R
10 1,360 (8.38%) Scala
11 1,327 (8.18%) PHP
12 1,241 (7.65%) Go
13 1,158 (7.14%) PowerShell
14 566 (3.49%) Shell Script
15 434 (2.68%) MATLAB
16 284 (1.75%) TypeScript
17 229 (1.41%) Groovy
18 228 (1.41%) ES6
19 219 (1.35%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,766 (17.05%) Degree
2 911 (5.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 711 (4.38%) PhD
4 666 (4.11%) Security Cleared
5 386 (2.38%) SC Cleared
6 274 (1.69%) DV Cleared
7 226 (1.39%) Numerate Degree
8 195 (1.20%) AWS Certification
9 194 (1.20%) Master's Degree
10 185 (1.14%) Cisco Certification
11 160 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
12 143 (0.88%) ISTQB
13 115 (0.71%) CISSP
14 110 (0.68%) CCNP
15 98 (0.60%) ISEB
16 83 (0.51%) MCSA
17 82 (0.51%) CCNA
18 75 (0.46%) MPhil
19 74 (0.46%) RHCE
20 60 (0.37%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 876 (5.40%) QA
2 248 (1.53%) Data Quality
3 111 (0.68%) GDPR
4 85 (0.52%) SLA
5 55 (0.34%) PCI DSS
6 46 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 25 (0.15%) MiFID
8 24 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 21 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 15 (0.092%) Actionable Recommendations
11 14 (0.086%) JTAG
12 12 (0.074%) SAS 70
13 9 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 7 (0.043%) PMO
14 7 (0.043%) Solvency II
15 6 (0.037%) Disclosure Scotland
15 6 (0.037%) IEC 62304
15 6 (0.037%) SEPA
16 5 (0.031%) GxP
16 5 (0.031%) HIPAA
System Software
1 3,078 (18.97%) Docker
2 547 (3.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 312 (1.92%) Active Directory
4 202 (1.25%) Hyper-V
5 157 (0.97%) Apache Flume
6 156 (0.96%) HDFS
7 143 (0.88%) vSphere
8 137 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
9 104 (0.64%) VirtualBox
10 95 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
11 86 (0.53%) Firmware
12 84 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 70 (0.43%) KVM
14 61 (0.38%) Xen
15 59 (0.36%) VMware NSX
16 50 (0.31%) NFS
17 35 (0.22%) Varnish
18 34 (0.21%) iptables
19 29 (0.18%) Samba
20 26 (0.16%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 2,549 (15.71%) Ansible
2 1,827 (11.26%) Kubernetes
3 1,779 (10.97%) Puppet
4 1,266 (7.80%) Terraform
5 1,241 (7.65%) Opscode Chef
6 403 (2.48%) Salt
7 244 (1.50%) Nagios
8 236 (1.45%) Prometheus
9 230 (1.42%) Packer
10 214 (1.32%) Oozie
11 207 (1.28%) Docker Swarm
12 173 (1.07%) Kibana
13 172 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
14 167 (1.03%) Grafana
15 164 (1.01%) Consul
16 158 (0.97%) Graphite
17 119 (0.73%) ZABBIX
18 109 (0.67%) Mesos
19 107 (0.66%) logstash
20 102 (0.63%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,297 (8.00%) Google
2 1,168 (7.20%) Microsoft
3 1,052 (6.49%) Oracle
4 740 (4.56%) Tableau
5 716 (4.41%) VMware
6 680 (4.19%) Red Hat
7 378 (2.33%) SAP
8 357 (2.20%) Splunk
9 320 (1.97%) Cisco
10 311 (1.92%) Cloudera
11 247 (1.52%) Atlassian
12 211 (1.30%) Hortonworks
13 179 (1.10%) IBM
14 134 (0.83%) Informatica
15 127 (0.78%) New Relic
16 120 (0.74%) CheckPoint
17 116 (0.72%) Databricks
18 108 (0.67%) Bloomberg
18 108 (0.67%) MapR
19 107 (0.66%) Palo Alto