Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 20 27 39
Rank change year-on-year +7 +12 +31
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,216 12,353 12,161
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.69% 7.03% 5.77%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.60% 13.13% 11.06%
Number of salaries quoted 12,599 10,570 10,197
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,540 94,076 109,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.69% 53.56% 52.15%
Number of salaries quoted 81,952 80,567 94,558
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 14,285 £57,500 +4.55% 2,445
London +3 7,651 £65,000 +8.33% 1,272
UK excluding London +18 7,381 £50,000 +11.11% 1,332
South East +14 2,474 £50,000 +5.26% 350
East of England +14 1,487 £50,000 +5.26% 312
North of England +7 1,264 £50,000 +17.65% 239
South West +12 778 £48,500 +7.78% 174
North West +6 714 £48,500 +7.78% 128
Midlands +8 629 £45,000 +2.91% 97
Scotland +12 603 £50,000 +17.65% 106
Yorkshire +18 505 £50,000 +11.11% 96
West Midlands +2 335 £42,500 -5.56% 62
East Midlands +8 302 £47,500 +11.76% 35
Wales -5 98 £42,500 +6.25% 35
Northern Ireland +27 72 £40,000 +17.65% 19
North East -46 46 £37,500 +7.14% 15
Channel Islands - 1 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,312 (41.48%) Java
2 5,809 (38.18%) Linux
3 5,001 (32.87%) Agile Software Development
4 4,018 (26.41%) SQL
5 3,821 (25.11%) Amazon AWS
6 3,641 (23.93%) DevOps
7 3,453 (22.69%) JavaScript
8 3,388 (22.27%) C++
9 3,059 (20.10%) Software Engineering
10 3,001 (19.72%) Degree
11 2,879 (18.92%) Finance
12 2,865 (18.83%) Ruby
13 2,584 (16.98%) C#
14 2,509 (16.49%) Bash Shell
15 2,453 (16.12%) Docker
16 2,438 (16.02%) Machine Learning
17 2,422 (15.92%) Computer Science
18 2,226 (14.63%) Ansible
19 2,155 (14.16%) Big Data
19 2,155 (14.16%) Puppet
20 2,136 (14.04%) Jenkins
21 2,097 (13.78%) Perl
22 1,953 (12.84%) Analytics
23 1,936 (12.72%) Git (software)
24 1,935 (12.72%) Data Science
25 1,816 (11.93%) Windows
26 1,812 (11.91%) Test Automation
27 1,799 (11.82%) Continuous Integration
28 1,761 (11.57%) Mathematics
29 1,746 (11.47%) Opscode Chef

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,429 (9.39%) Apache Spark
2 733 (4.82%) Elasticsearch
3 726 (4.77%) Apache
4 419 (2.75%) SAS
5 413 (2.71%) nginx
6 386 (2.54%) OpenStack
7 356 (2.34%) Tomcat
8 332 (2.18%) Confluence
9 159 (1.04%) Apache Pig
10 141 (0.93%) Apache Solr
11 140 (0.92%) WebSphere
12 113 (0.74%) JBoss
13 108 (0.71%) CMS
14 103 (0.68%) Jetty
15 102 (0.67%) SharePoint
16 99 (0.65%) IIS
17 84 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
17 84 (0.55%) WebLogic
18 64 (0.42%) CloudStack
19 49 (0.32%) WordPress
Applications
1 196 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 136 (0.89%) SPSS
3 78 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 47 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 42 (0.28%) Chatbot
6 28 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 25 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 22 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
9 15 (0.099%) Maya
9 15 (0.099%) Weka
10 14 (0.092%) Adobe Illustrator
10 14 (0.092%) Mathematica
11 12 (0.079%) GNU Octave
12 11 (0.072%) HipChat
13 10 (0.066%) Stata
14 8 (0.053%) Simulink
15 6 (0.039%) InDesign
16 5 (0.033%) 3ds Max
16 5 (0.033%) FrameMaker
17 4 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 50 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.13%) Magento
3 17 (0.11%) SAP InfiniteInsight
4 16 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 15 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.079%) SAP ERP
7 10 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
8 8 (0.053%) Relativity
8 8 (0.053%) RMDS
8 8 (0.053%) Shopify
9 6 (0.039%) Eikon
9 6 (0.039%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.039%) Rolfe and Nolan
9 6 (0.039%) WebTrends
10 5 (0.033%) ION MarketView
10 5 (0.033%) Odoo
11 4 (0.026%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 4 (0.026%) Remedy ITSM
11 4 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.026%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 3,821 (25.11%) Amazon AWS
2 1,553 (10.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 578 (3.80%) SaaS
4 550 (3.61%) Google Cloud Platform
5 397 (2.61%) GitHub
6 376 (2.47%) AWS CloudFormation
7 363 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
8 329 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
9 319 (2.10%) PaaS
10 259 (1.70%) Amazon S3
11 243 (1.60%) IaaS
12 201 (1.32%) Serverless
13 180 (1.18%) OpenShift
14 140 (0.92%) AWS Lambda
15 114 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
16 110 (0.72%) Amazon EMR
17 100 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 88 (0.58%) Office 365
19 79 (0.52%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 76 (0.50%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 696 (4.57%) TCP/IP
2 545 (3.58%) Firewall
3 502 (3.30%) DNS
4 444 (2.92%) HTTP
5 399 (2.62%) Internet
6 321 (2.11%) VPN
7 238 (1.56%) Wireless
8 226 (1.49%) DHCP
9 217 (1.43%) SSL
10 216 (1.42%) WAN
11 188 (1.24%) BGP
12 174 (1.14%) Network Security
13 143 (0.94%) LAN
14 142 (0.93%) OSPF
15 140 (0.92%) SNMP
16 123 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
17 121 (0.80%) SMTP
18 116 (0.76%) IPsec
19 97 (0.64%) Ethernet
19 97 (0.64%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,155 (14.16%) Big Data
2 1,507 (9.90%) MySQL
3 1,497 (9.84%) Hadoop
4 1,457 (9.58%) NoSQL
5 1,134 (7.45%) PostgreSQL
6 1,081 (7.10%) MongoDB
7 879 (5.78%) Relational Database
8 834 (5.48%) SQL Server
9 559 (3.67%) Apache Cassandra
10 497 (3.27%) Data Warehouse
11 466 (3.06%) Apache Hive
12 382 (2.51%) Redis
13 331 (2.18%) RDBMS
14 303 (1.99%) Data Mining
15 287 (1.89%) HBase
16 263 (1.73%) Power BI
17 231 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
18 184 (1.21%) QlikView
19 180 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
20 150 (0.99%) Impala
Development Applications
1 2,136 (14.04%) Jenkins
2 1,936 (12.72%) Git (software)
3 826 (5.43%) JIRA
4 776 (5.10%) Selenium
5 483 (3.17%) Maven
6 462 (3.04%) Cucumber
7 457 (3.00%) Subversion
8 440 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 378 (2.48%) TeamCity
10 296 (1.95%) JUnit
11 277 (1.82%) Vagrant
12 266 (1.75%) WebDriver
13 221 (1.45%) Sonatype Nexus
14 183 (1.20%) Visual Studio
15 177 (1.16%) JMeter
16 174 (1.14%) Bitbucket
17 168 (1.10%) Gradle
18 158 (1.04%) GitLab
19 139 (0.91%) gulp
20 131 (0.86%) SoapUI
General
1 2,879 (18.92%) Finance
2 812 (5.34%) Banking
3 604 (3.97%) Retail
4 578 (3.80%) Marketing
5 485 (3.19%) Telecoms
6 456 (3.00%) Games
7 358 (2.35%) Front Office
8 318 (2.09%) Investment Banking
9 303 (1.99%) Electronics
10 260 (1.71%) Advertising
11 193 (1.27%) Legal
12 192 (1.26%) Manufacturing
13 187 (1.23%) Financial Institution
14 107 (0.70%) Publishing
15 97 (0.64%) Retail Banking
16 89 (0.58%) Law
17 85 (0.56%) Automotive
18 73 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
19 59 (0.39%) Back Office
20 49 (0.32%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 4,830 (31.74%) Developer
2 1,836 (12.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,665 (10.94%) Python Developer
4 1,546 (10.16%) Software Engineer
5 938 (6.16%) Data Scientist
6 937 (6.16%) Java Developer
7 832 (5.47%) Senior Developer
8 771 (5.07%) Linux Engineer
9 762 (5.01%) Software Developer
10 726 (4.77%) Analyst
11 572 (3.76%) AWS Engineer
12 557 (3.66%) Graduate
13 524 (3.44%) Data Engineer
14 493 (3.24%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 486 (3.19%) Junior
16 459 (3.02%) Cloud Engineer
17 458 (3.01%) C++ Software Engineer
18 456 (3.00%) Test Engineer
19 452 (2.97%) Architect
20 440 (2.89%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,707 (11.22%) HTML
2 1,354 (8.90%) CSS
3 1,269 (8.34%) AngularJS
4 1,199 (7.88%) Web Services
5 1,172 (7.70%) .NET
6 1,170 (7.69%) Node.js
7 1,015 (6.67%) Django
8 824 (5.42%) React
9 739 (4.86%) REST
10 614 (4.04%) RESTful
11 577 (3.79%) HTML5
12 572 (3.76%) Spring
13 560 (3.68%) Kafka
14 526 (3.46%) Natural Language Processing
15 491 (3.23%) jQuery
16 451 (2.96%) XML
17 408 (2.68%) JSON
18 402 (2.64%) Flask
19 379 (2.49%) LAMP
20 357 (2.35%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 2,422 (15.92%) Computer Science
2 1,442 (9.48%) Algorithms
3 1,305 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
4 897 (5.90%) Fintech
5 545 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
6 514 (3.38%) User Experience
7 399 (2.62%) Data Centre
8 374 (2.46%) Public Cloud
9 342 (2.25%) Mobile App
10 317 (2.08%) Data Structures
11 253 (1.66%) Hedge funds
12 244 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
13 228 (1.50%) Management Information System
14 210 (1.38%) Equities
15 201 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
16 189 (1.24%) Robotics
17 176 (1.16%) Private Cloud
18 169 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 153 (1.01%) Embedded Systems
20 139 (0.91%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 5,809 (38.18%) Linux
2 1,816 (11.93%) Windows
3 1,598 (10.50%) Unix
4 521 (3.42%) CentOS
5 508 (3.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 344 (2.26%) Ubuntu
7 317 (2.08%) Android
8 265 (1.74%) Apple iOS
9 231 (1.52%) Debian
10 222 (1.46%) Windows Server
11 109 (0.72%) CoreOS
12 89 (0.58%) Solaris
13 80 (0.53%) Embedded Linux
13 80 (0.53%) Mac OS X
14 60 (0.39%) AIX
15 50 (0.33%) Mac OS
16 47 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
17 42 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
18 32 (0.21%) Robot Operating System
19 28 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,001 (32.87%) Agile Software Development
2 3,641 (23.93%) DevOps
3 3,059 (20.10%) Software Engineering
4 2,438 (16.02%) Machine Learning
5 1,953 (12.84%) Analytics
6 1,935 (12.72%) Data Science
7 1,812 (11.91%) Test Automation
8 1,799 (11.82%) Continuous Integration
9 1,761 (11.57%) Mathematics
10 1,641 (10.78%) TDD
11 1,531 (10.06%) Open Source
12 1,479 (9.72%) Scrum
13 1,369 (9.00%) Configuration Management
14 1,134 (7.45%) OO
15 947 (6.22%) Microservices
16 921 (6.05%) BDD
17 877 (5.76%) SDLC
18 841 (5.53%) Mentoring
19 789 (5.19%) Business Intelligence
20 747 (4.91%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6,312 (41.48%) Java
2 4,018 (26.41%) SQL
3 3,453 (22.69%) JavaScript
4 3,388 (22.27%) C++
5 2,865 (18.83%) Ruby
6 2,584 (16.98%) C#
7 2,509 (16.49%) Bash Shell
8 2,097 (13.78%) Perl
9 1,618 (10.63%) PHP
10 1,592 (10.46%) C
11 1,565 (10.29%) R
12 1,479 (9.72%) Scala
13 1,009 (6.63%) PowerShell
14 768 (5.05%) Go
15 703 (4.62%) Shell Script
16 525 (3.45%) MATLAB
17 267 (1.75%) Groovy
18 179 (1.18%) T-SQL
19 145 (0.95%) VBA
20 135 (0.89%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 3,001 (19.72%) Degree
2 938 (6.16%) PhD
3 867 (5.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 504 (3.31%) Security Cleared
5 249 (1.64%) SC Cleared
6 208 (1.37%) Numerate Degree
7 200 (1.31%) Master's Degree
8 193 (1.27%) Cisco Certification
9 175 (1.15%) DV Cleared
10 145 (0.95%) CCNP
11 130 (0.85%) AWS Certification
12 120 (0.79%) CISSP
13 99 (0.65%) ISTQB
14 87 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
15 82 (0.54%) GIAC
16 69 (0.45%) CCNA
17 65 (0.43%) OSCP
18 59 (0.39%) ISEB
19 55 (0.36%) RHCE
20 54 (0.35%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 854 (5.61%) QA
2 154 (1.01%) GCP
3 119 (0.78%) Data Quality
4 92 (0.60%) GDPR
5 91 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 78 (0.51%) PCI DSS
7 74 (0.49%) SLA
8 22 (0.14%) ISO 9001
9 20 (0.13%) HIPAA
10 18 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 17 (0.11%) GPG13
12 14 (0.092%) IFRS
12 14 (0.092%) IFRS 9
13 13 (0.085%) Actionable Recommendations
14 12 (0.079%) COBIT
15 11 (0.072%) Web Application Security Consortium
16 10 (0.066%) ISO 14001
16 10 (0.066%) MiFID
16 10 (0.066%) SSAE 16
17 9 (0.059%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 2,453 (16.12%) Docker
2 457 (3.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 183 (1.20%) Active Directory
4 161 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
5 139 (0.91%) Hyper-V
6 132 (0.87%) vSphere
7 131 (0.86%) Firmware
8 126 (0.83%) HDFS
9 105 (0.69%) KVM
10 97 (0.64%) Apache Flume
11 70 (0.46%) NFS
12 68 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
13 57 (0.37%) iptables
14 51 (0.34%) Xen
15 46 (0.30%) Ceph
16 41 (0.27%) VMware NSX
17 40 (0.26%) Varnish
18 39 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 38 (0.25%) VirtualBox
20 37 (0.24%) Samba
Systems Management
1 2,226 (14.63%) Ansible
2 2,155 (14.16%) Puppet
3 1,746 (11.47%) Opscode Chef
4 1,186 (7.79%) Kubernetes
5 794 (5.22%) Terraform
6 401 (2.64%) Nagios
7 257 (1.69%) Salt
8 196 (1.29%) Packer
9 134 (0.88%) Kibana
10 129 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
11 107 (0.70%) logstash
12 101 (0.66%) Cobbler
12 101 (0.66%) HAProxy
13 94 (0.62%) Grafana
13 94 (0.62%) Hadoop YARN
14 92 (0.60%) Mesos
15 86 (0.57%) ZABBIX
16 84 (0.55%) Prometheus
17 69 (0.45%) Cacti
18 59 (0.39%) Graphite
Vendors
1 960 (6.31%) Oracle
2 940 (6.18%) Google
3 912 (5.99%) Microsoft
4 688 (4.52%) VMware
5 644 (4.23%) Red Hat
6 522 (3.43%) Tableau
7 353 (2.32%) Cisco
8 283 (1.86%) Splunk
9 196 (1.29%) IBM
10 191 (1.26%) Cloudera
11 172 (1.13%) SAP
12 166 (1.09%) Atlassian
12 166 (1.09%) SaltStack
13 139 (0.91%) Sophos
14 134 (0.88%) HP
15 116 (0.76%) Juniper
16 113 (0.74%) New Relic
17 109 (0.72%) Palo Alto
18 101 (0.66%) Sybase
19 100 (0.66%) Hortonworks