Period
to 14 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
14 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 19 25
Rank change year-on-year +5 +6 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,911 16,352 14,030
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.28% 9.75% 7.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.08% 17.51% 14.28%
Number of salaries quoted 12,320 12,903 11,458
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 75,471 93,389 98,218
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.52% 55.67% 55.33%
Number of salaries quoted 61,708 77,593 80,665
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 14 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 14 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 14,865 £62,500 +4.17% 2,485
London +6 8,539 £72,500 +3.57% 1,207
UK excluding London +2 7,167 £50,000 - 1,468
South East +2 2,160 £50,000 - 349
North of England +10 1,557 £50,000 - 270
South West +4 1,185 £50,000 +5.26% 197
East of England +1 787 £52,500 - 333
Yorkshire +10 744 £48,750 -1.52% 100
North West +3 731 £52,500 +5.00% 152
Scotland 0 649 £45,000 -10.00% 144
Midlands +26 588 £48,750 -2.50% 130
West Midlands +13 385 £50,000 - 98
East Midlands +27 193 £45,000 -8.16% 31
Wales +18 169 £42,500 -5.56% 32
North East +6 82 £45,000 - 18
Northern Ireland +1 79 £55,000 +22.22% 14

For the 6 months to 14 September 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,573 (35.03%) Agile Software Development
2 5,473 (34.40%) Java
3 5,338 (33.55%) AWS
4 5,195 (32.65%) Linux
5 4,496 (28.26%) DevOps
6 4,295 (26.99%) SQL
7 3,511 (22.07%) Docker
8 3,403 (21.39%) Software Engineering
9 3,281 (20.62%) Finance
10 3,215 (20.21%) JavaScript
11 2,774 (17.43%) Azure
12 2,628 (16.52%) C++
13 2,615 (16.44%) C#
14 2,543 (15.98%) Bash Shell
15 2,441 (15.34%) Degree
16 2,432 (15.29%) Kubernetes
17 2,347 (14.75%) Analytics
18 2,247 (14.12%) Data Science
19 2,241 (14.08%) Ansible
20 2,203 (13.85%) Machine Learning
21 2,174 (13.66%) Git (software)
22 1,996 (12.54%) Jenkins
23 1,891 (11.88%) Ruby
24 1,881 (11.82%) Big Data
25 1,812 (11.39%) Terraform
26 1,793 (11.27%) GCP
27 1,779 (11.18%) Computer Science
28 1,754 (11.02%) Test Automation
29 1,725 (10.84%) Continuous Integration
30 1,723 (10.83%) R

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,356 (8.52%) Apache Spark
2 629 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
3 599 (3.76%) Apache
4 342 (2.15%) Confluence
5 278 (1.75%) SAS
6 268 (1.68%) nginx
7 231 (1.45%) Tomcat
8 186 (1.17%) OpenStack
9 130 (0.82%) SharePoint
10 124 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
11 123 (0.77%) IIS
12 118 (0.74%) JBoss
13 109 (0.69%) Apache Pig
14 87 (0.55%) WebLogic
14 87 (0.55%) WebSphere
15 84 (0.53%) Jupyter
16 66 (0.41%) Apache Solr
17 63 (0.40%) CMS
18 59 (0.37%) ArcGIS
18 59 (0.37%) WordPress
Applications
1 236 (1.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 99 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
3 98 (0.62%) SPSS
4 42 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 37 (0.23%) Simulink
6 33 (0.21%) Stata
7 32 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 21 (0.13%) Adobe XD
8 21 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.094%) GNU Octave
10 13 (0.082%) Mathematica
11 12 (0.075%) MS Visio
12 10 (0.063%) Zeplin
13 9 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
14 7 (0.044%) InVision
15 6 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
16 5 (0.031%) InDesign
16 5 (0.031%) NUKE
16 5 (0.031%) Pipeline Pilot
16 5 (0.031%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 58 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
2 31 (0.19%) thinkFolio
3 24 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
4 23 (0.14%) SAP ERP
5 17 (0.11%) LatentZero
6 16 (0.10%) Teamcenter
7 15 (0.094%) Oracle BPM
8 13 (0.082%) Dynamics CRM
8 13 (0.082%) PolarLake
9 12 (0.075%) Eagle PACE
9 12 (0.075%) Markit EDM
9 12 (0.075%) Summit
10 11 (0.069%) Magento
11 10 (0.063%) R3 Corda
12 9 (0.057%) SimCorp Dimension
13 7 (0.044%) Oracle ERP
14 5 (0.031%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 5 (0.031%) HFM
15 4 (0.025%) Bloomberg TOMS
15 4 (0.025%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 5,338 (33.55%) AWS
2 2,774 (17.43%) Azure
3 1,793 (11.27%) GCP
4 830 (5.22%) Serverless
5 611 (3.84%) AWS Lambda
6 605 (3.80%) Power Platform
7 563 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
8 562 (3.53%) Amazon S3
9 560 (3.52%) SaaS
10 480 (3.02%) GitHub
11 423 (2.66%) Amazon EC2
12 325 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
13 323 (2.03%) PaaS
14 276 (1.73%) Amazon ECS
15 258 (1.62%) Amazon SQS
16 234 (1.47%) OpenShift
17 222 (1.40%) IaaS
18 210 (1.32%) Office 365
19 202 (1.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 180 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 756 (4.75%) Firewall
2 727 (4.57%) DNS
3 518 (3.26%) VPN
4 487 (3.06%) TCP/IP
5 456 (2.87%) Network Security
6 408 (2.56%) WAN
7 392 (2.46%) BGP
8 391 (2.46%) SMTP
9 386 (2.43%) OSPF
10 379 (2.38%) MPLS
11 377 (2.37%) NetScaler
12 372 (2.34%) Cisco ASA
13 357 (2.24%) IPsec
14 349 (2.19%) Broadband
15 343 (2.16%) Cisco Nexus
16 337 (2.12%) Internet
17 314 (1.97%) ADSL
17 314 (1.97%) RIP
18 294 (1.85%) HTTP
19 171 (1.07%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,881 (11.82%) Big Data
2 1,268 (7.97%) Hadoop
3 1,196 (7.52%) SQL Server
4 1,173 (7.37%) PostgreSQL
5 1,168 (7.34%) MySQL
6 1,085 (6.82%) NoSQL
7 788 (4.95%) Data Warehouse
8 766 (4.81%) MongoDB
9 718 (4.51%) Relational Database
10 601 (3.78%) Power BI
11 523 (3.29%) Apache Hive
12 389 (2.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 376 (2.36%) Amazon RDS
14 345 (2.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 340 (2.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 335 (2.11%) Data Lake
17 324 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
18 301 (1.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 299 (1.88%) Amazon Redshift
20 282 (1.77%) Redis
Development Applications
1 2,174 (13.66%) Git (software)
2 1,996 (12.54%) Jenkins
3 928 (5.83%) JIRA
4 755 (4.75%) Selenium
5 408 (2.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 387 (2.43%) Bitbucket
7 362 (2.28%) Cucumber
7 362 (2.28%) TeamCity
8 291 (1.83%) Subversion
9 284 (1.78%) Maven
10 278 (1.75%) GitLab
11 247 (1.55%) WebDriver
12 244 (1.53%) Visual Studio
13 210 (1.32%) JMeter
14 190 (1.19%) JUnit
15 189 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
16 175 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
17 160 (1.01%) Vagrant
18 159 (1.00%) Gradle
19 149 (0.94%) Artifactory
General
1 3,281 (20.62%) Finance
2 925 (5.81%) Banking
3 746 (4.69%) Retail
4 680 (4.27%) Marketing
5 602 (3.78%) Front Office
6 459 (2.88%) Telecoms
7 444 (2.79%) Public Sector
8 369 (2.32%) Games
9 315 (1.98%) Electronics
10 282 (1.77%) Law
11 259 (1.63%) Manufacturing
12 191 (1.20%) Advertising
13 146 (0.92%) Automotive
14 121 (0.76%) Investment Banking
15 113 (0.71%) Financial Institution
16 106 (0.67%) Legal
17 102 (0.64%) Aerospace
18 69 (0.43%) Military
19 67 (0.42%) Back Office
20 63 (0.40%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,579 (28.78%) Developer
2 2,002 (12.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,655 (10.40%) Python Developer
4 1,590 (9.99%) Software Engineer
5 1,098 (6.90%) Data Engineer
6 931 (5.85%) Python Engineer
7 898 (5.64%) AWS Engineer
8 879 (5.52%) Data Scientist
9 796 (5.00%) Analyst
10 760 (4.78%) Senior Developer
11 725 (4.56%) Cloud Engineer
12 707 (4.44%) Java Developer
13 661 (4.15%) Software Developer
14 546 (3.43%) Architect
15 539 (3.39%) Linux Engineer
16 526 (3.31%) Junior
17 478 (3.00%) AWS DevOps
18 469 (2.95%) Senior DevOps
19 434 (2.73%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 432 (2.72%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,361 (8.55%) Node.js
2 1,318 (8.28%) Web Services
3 1,235 (7.76%) .NET
4 1,132 (7.11%) HTML
5 1,119 (7.03%) AngularJS
6 1,016 (6.39%) React
7 962 (6.05%) CSS
8 891 (5.60%) Django
9 764 (4.80%) Kafka
10 736 (4.63%) REST
11 625 (3.93%) RESTful
12 493 (3.10%) Spring
13 456 (2.87%) Flask
14 438 (2.75%) Pandas
15 433 (2.72%) Elastic Stack
16 399 (2.51%) XML
17 392 (2.46%) JSON
18 369 (2.32%) HTML5
19 351 (2.21%) TensorFlow
20 342 (2.15%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 1,514 (9.52%) Analytical Skills
2 1,179 (7.41%) Algorithms
3 678 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
4 582 (3.66%) Management Information System
5 540 (3.39%) Public Cloud
6 516 (3.24%) Fixed Income
7 421 (2.65%) User Experience
8 417 (2.62%) Derivative
9 396 (2.49%) Data Structures
10 386 (2.43%) Hedge funds
11 372 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
12 300 (1.89%) Mobile App
13 299 (1.88%) Data Centre
14 280 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
15 264 (1.66%) Equities
16 242 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 210 (1.32%) Robotics
18 199 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
19 197 (1.24%) Cloud Native
20 178 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 5,195 (32.65%) Linux
2 1,684 (10.58%) Windows
3 1,533 (9.63%) Unix
4 436 (2.74%) CentOS
5 350 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 342 (2.15%) Android
7 302 (1.90%) Windows Server
8 279 (1.75%) Ubuntu
9 233 (1.46%) Apple iOS
10 157 (0.99%) Debian
11 107 (0.67%) Mac OS
12 69 (0.43%) Windows 10
13 65 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
14 49 (0.31%) Mac OS X
15 47 (0.30%) Solaris
16 43 (0.27%) Windows 7
17 41 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
17 41 (0.26%) Fedora
18 33 (0.21%) Mesosphere
19 32 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,573 (35.03%) Agile Software Development
2 4,496 (28.26%) DevOps
3 3,403 (21.39%) Software Engineering
4 2,347 (14.75%) Analytics
5 2,247 (14.12%) Data Science
6 2,203 (13.85%) Machine Learning
7 1,779 (11.18%) Computer Science
8 1,754 (11.02%) Test Automation
9 1,725 (10.84%) Continuous Integration
10 1,595 (10.02%) Problem-Solving
11 1,396 (8.77%) Business Intelligence
12 1,332 (8.37%) Scrum
13 1,326 (8.33%) Microservices
14 1,325 (8.33%) Artificial Intelligence
15 1,300 (8.17%) Mathematics
16 1,247 (7.84%) Open Source
17 1,239 (7.79%) TDD
18 1,117 (7.02%) Mentoring
19 1,080 (6.79%) Fintech
20 1,048 (6.59%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 5,473 (34.40%) Java
2 4,295 (26.99%) SQL
3 3,215 (20.21%) JavaScript
4 2,628 (16.52%) C++
5 2,615 (16.44%) C#
6 2,543 (15.98%) Bash Shell
7 1,891 (11.88%) Ruby
8 1,723 (10.83%) R
9 1,385 (8.70%) Perl
10 1,296 (8.15%) Scala
11 1,288 (8.10%) PowerShell
12 1,287 (8.09%) C
13 1,182 (7.43%) PHP
14 1,141 (7.17%) Go
15 495 (3.11%) Shell Script
16 415 (2.61%) MATLAB
17 276 (1.73%) TypeScript
18 250 (1.57%) Groovy
19 218 (1.37%) T-SQL
20 190 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,441 (15.34%) Degree
2 739 (4.64%) Security Cleared
3 639 (4.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 514 (3.23%) PhD
5 502 (3.16%) Cisco Certification
6 408 (2.56%) CCNP
7 389 (2.44%) CCNA
8 340 (2.14%) SC Cleared
9 302 (1.90%) DV Cleared
10 147 (0.92%) Master's Degree
11 140 (0.88%) Numerate Degree
12 122 (0.77%) AWS Certification
13 102 (0.64%) ISTQB
14 96 (0.60%) CISSP
14 96 (0.60%) RHCE
15 74 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
16 73 (0.46%) ISEB
17 51 (0.32%) CISM
18 39 (0.25%) CISA
19 37 (0.23%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 853 (5.36%) QA
2 398 (2.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 330 (2.07%) ISO 9001
4 163 (1.02%) Data Quality
5 61 (0.38%) GDPR
6 59 (0.37%) SLA
7 47 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 33 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 25 (0.16%) HMG Infosec
9 25 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 25 (0.16%) JSP 440
10 20 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
11 19 (0.12%) IEC 61131
12 16 (0.10%) NIST
13 11 (0.069%) CRD IV
13 11 (0.069%) HIPAA
13 11 (0.069%) IFRS
14 10 (0.063%) COBIT
15 9 (0.057%) DICOM
15 9 (0.057%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 3,511 (22.07%) Docker
2 385 (2.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 290 (1.82%) Active Directory
4 169 (1.06%) Hyper-V
5 131 (0.82%) HDFS
6 102 (0.64%) Apache Flume
6 102 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 102 (0.64%) vSphere
7 92 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
8 87 (0.55%) Firmware
9 77 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
10 75 (0.47%) KVM
10 75 (0.47%) XenApp
11 66 (0.41%) Xen
12 64 (0.40%) XenDesktop
13 53 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
14 52 (0.33%) VirtualBox
15 43 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
16 35 (0.22%) NFS
17 29 (0.18%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,432 (15.29%) Kubernetes
2 2,241 (14.08%) Ansible
3 1,812 (11.39%) Terraform
4 1,575 (9.90%) Puppet
5 1,329 (8.35%) Opscode Chef
6 602 (3.78%) Nagios
7 350 (2.20%) FortiGate
8 293 (1.84%) Prometheus
9 266 (1.67%) Packer
10 232 (1.46%) Grafana
11 193 (1.21%) Salt
12 181 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
13 177 (1.11%) Kibana
14 159 (1.00%) Oozie
15 151 (0.95%) Consul
16 132 (0.83%) ZABBIX
17 122 (0.77%) Hadoop YARN
18 110 (0.69%) Graphite
19 103 (0.65%) SCCM
20 98 (0.62%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,292 (8.12%) Microsoft
2 1,260 (7.92%) Google
3 825 (5.19%) Oracle
4 609 (3.83%) Tableau
5 568 (3.57%) Cisco
6 520 (3.27%) Splunk
7 492 (3.09%) VMware
8 450 (2.83%) Red Hat
9 346 (2.17%) Fortinet
10 308 (1.94%) Palo Alto
11 275 (1.73%) SAP
12 202 (1.27%) Cloudera
13 195 (1.23%) IBM
14 194 (1.22%) Atlassian
14 194 (1.22%) Informatica
15 176 (1.11%) Bloomberg
15 176 (1.11%) Databricks
16 145 (0.91%) Reuters
17 144 (0.91%) Hortonworks
18 131 (0.82%) Citrix