Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 25 35
Rank change year-on-year +7 +10 +29
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,298 13,153 12,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.38% 7.60% 6.13%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.72% 13.75% 11.75%
Number of salaries quoted 12,799 10,950 10,564
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,501 95,648 105,066
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.09% 55.26% 52.16%
Number of salaries quoted 81,144 80,730 90,761
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,133 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.81% +5.33% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 15,199 £57,500 +4.55% 2,344
London +6 8,272 £67,500 +3.85% 1,126
UK excluding London +13 7,791 £50,000 +11.11% 1,353
South East +9 2,506 £50,000 +5.26% 402
North of England +7 1,461 £50,000 +5.26% 274
East of England +7 1,414 £52,500 +16.67% 243
South West +14 991 £47,500 +13.77% 196
North West +14 817 £50,000 +8.70% 161
Scotland +11 741 £50,000 +11.11% 86
Yorkshire +4 592 £50,000 0.00% 96
Midlands +27 533 £47,500 +18.75% 102
West Midlands +53 355 £47,500 +18.75% 87
East Midlands -26 173 £52,500 +31.25% 15
Wales +15 126 £45,000 +5.88% 29
North East -28 52 £42,625 +21.79% 17
Northern Ireland +30 43 £42,500 +33.86% 21

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,700 (41.11%) Java
2 5,937 (36.43%) Linux
3 5,330 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
4 4,460 (27.37%) Amazon AWS
5 4,458 (27.35%) SQL
6 4,190 (25.71%) DevOps
7 3,686 (22.62%) JavaScript
8 3,517 (21.58%) C++
9 3,420 (20.98%) Finance
10 3,378 (20.73%) Software Engineering
11 3,052 (18.73%) Docker
12 2,971 (18.23%) Degree
13 2,892 (17.74%) C#
14 2,850 (17.49%) Ruby
15 2,656 (16.30%) Machine Learning
16 2,595 (15.92%) Bash Shell
17 2,535 (15.55%) Ansible
18 2,476 (15.19%) Big Data
19 2,450 (15.03%) Jenkins
20 2,392 (14.68%) Computer Science
21 2,287 (14.03%) Puppet
22 2,283 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
23 2,181 (13.38%) Analytics
24 2,158 (13.24%) Git (software)
25 2,137 (13.11%) Perl
26 2,075 (12.73%) Data Science
27 1,986 (12.19%) Microsoft Azure
28 1,895 (11.63%) Test Automation
29 1,879 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
30 1,870 (11.47%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,521 (9.33%) Apache Spark
2 812 (4.98%) Apache
3 774 (4.75%) Elasticsearch
4 440 (2.70%) Tomcat
5 384 (2.36%) SAS
6 364 (2.23%) nginx
7 355 (2.18%) Confluence
8 314 (1.93%) OpenStack
9 143 (0.88%) Apache Solr
10 142 (0.87%) Apache Pig
11 136 (0.83%) WebSphere
12 123 (0.75%) JBoss
13 110 (0.67%) CMS
14 102 (0.63%) WebLogic
15 96 (0.59%) CloudStack
16 94 (0.58%) WordPress
17 92 (0.56%) Ethereum
18 90 (0.55%) IIS
19 77 (0.47%) Jetty
20 60 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 235 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 109 (0.67%) SPSS
3 76 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 49 (0.30%) Chatbot
5 42 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 33 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 33 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 17 (0.10%) Maya
8 16 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
9 14 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.086%) GNU Octave
10 13 (0.080%) Stata
11 12 (0.074%) Houdini
12 10 (0.061%) Weka
13 7 (0.043%) HipChat
14 5 (0.031%) Simulink
15 4 (0.025%) Blender
15 4 (0.025%) InDesign
15 4 (0.025%) Mathematica
15 4 (0.025%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 45 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
2 37 (0.23%) thinkFolio
3 36 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
4 19 (0.12%) Magento
5 18 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
6 17 (0.10%) Documaker
7 13 (0.080%) R3 Corda
8 12 (0.074%) Summit
9 10 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 9 (0.055%) Rolfe and Nolan
11 8 (0.049%) FastStats
11 8 (0.049%) Shopify
12 7 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
12 7 (0.043%) RMDS
12 7 (0.043%) SAP InfiniteInsight
13 6 (0.037%) Ripple
13 6 (0.037%) SAP ERP
14 5 (0.031%) Dynamics NAV
14 5 (0.031%) MetaTrader
14 5 (0.031%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 4,460 (27.37%) Amazon AWS
2 1,986 (12.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 785 (4.82%) Google Cloud Platform
4 556 (3.41%) AWS CloudFormation
4 556 (3.41%) SaaS
5 504 (3.09%) GitHub
6 431 (2.64%) Amazon EC2
7 427 (2.62%) Serverless
8 365 (2.24%) IaaS
9 355 (2.18%) PaaS
10 349 (2.14%) Amazon S3
11 346 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
12 312 (1.91%) AWS Lambda
13 215 (1.32%) OpenShift
14 167 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 125 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
16 120 (0.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 119 (0.73%) Amazon ELB
18 116 (0.71%) Amazon Kinesis
19 113 (0.69%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 627 (3.85%) TCP/IP
2 573 (3.52%) Firewall
3 542 (3.33%) DNS
4 474 (2.91%) HTTP
5 429 (2.63%) Internet
6 253 (1.55%) VPN
7 241 (1.48%) SSL
8 239 (1.47%) WAN
9 217 (1.33%) DHCP
10 207 (1.27%) Network Security
11 186 (1.14%) LAN
12 173 (1.06%) Wireless
13 162 (0.99%) BGP
14 130 (0.80%) SNMP
15 115 (0.71%) OSPF
16 110 (0.67%) SMTP
17 101 (0.62%) SSH
18 96 (0.59%) Cisco Nexus
19 92 (0.56%) IPsec
20 89 (0.55%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,476 (15.19%) Big Data
2 1,732 (10.63%) NoSQL
3 1,609 (9.87%) MySQL
4 1,579 (9.69%) Hadoop
5 1,284 (7.88%) PostgreSQL
6 1,110 (6.81%) MongoDB
7 1,074 (6.59%) SQL Server
8 1,028 (6.31%) Relational Database
9 701 (4.30%) Apache Cassandra
10 573 (3.52%) Apache Hive
11 492 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
12 482 (2.96%) Redis
13 348 (2.14%) RDBMS
14 336 (2.06%) Blockchain
15 310 (1.90%) Power BI
16 306 (1.88%) HBase
17 268 (1.64%) Amazon Redshift
18 243 (1.49%) Data Mining
19 226 (1.39%) Data Lake
20 222 (1.36%) Impala
Development Applications
1 2,450 (15.03%) Jenkins
2 2,158 (13.24%) Git (software)
3 898 (5.51%) JIRA
4 772 (4.74%) Selenium
5 577 (3.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 528 (3.24%) Maven
7 504 (3.09%) TeamCity
8 501 (3.07%) Subversion
9 461 (2.83%) Cucumber
10 411 (2.52%) Vagrant
11 278 (1.71%) JUnit
12 230 (1.41%) Bitbucket
13 226 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
14 225 (1.38%) GitLab
15 218 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
16 210 (1.29%) WebDriver
17 194 (1.19%) Gradle
17 194 (1.19%) JMeter
18 175 (1.07%) Visual Studio
19 167 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 3,420 (20.98%) Finance
2 1,052 (6.45%) Banking
3 772 (4.74%) Retail
4 634 (3.89%) Marketing
5 509 (3.12%) Investment Banking
6 501 (3.07%) Front Office
7 443 (2.72%) Games
8 438 (2.69%) Telecoms
9 358 (2.20%) Financial Institution
10 329 (2.02%) Electronics
11 242 (1.48%) Manufacturing
12 236 (1.45%) Advertising
13 156 (0.96%) Law
14 120 (0.74%) Publishing
15 116 (0.71%) Legal
16 89 (0.55%) Automotive
17 65 (0.40%) Aerospace
18 62 (0.38%) Back Office
19 47 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
20 40 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 5,050 (30.99%) Developer
2 2,003 (12.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,642 (10.07%) Python Developer
4 1,579 (9.69%) Software Engineer
5 1,000 (6.14%) Data Scientist
6 919 (5.64%) Java Developer
7 892 (5.47%) Senior Developer
8 816 (5.01%) Python Engineer
9 815 (5.00%) Software Developer
10 757 (4.64%) Analyst
11 715 (4.39%) Data Engineer
12 711 (4.36%) Linux Engineer
13 664 (4.07%) AWS Engineer
14 595 (3.65%) Cloud Engineer
15 566 (3.47%) Architect
16 503 (3.09%) AWS DevOps
17 467 (2.87%) Graduate
17 467 (2.87%) Test Engineer
18 449 (2.75%) Junior
19 437 (2.68%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,731 (10.62%) HTML
2 1,448 (8.88%) AngularJS
3 1,378 (8.46%) CSS
4 1,349 (8.28%) Web Services
5 1,336 (8.20%) .NET
6 1,160 (7.12%) Django
7 1,115 (6.84%) Node.js
8 980 (6.01%) React
9 889 (5.45%) REST
10 771 (4.73%) Kafka
11 737 (4.52%) Spring
12 722 (4.43%) RESTful
13 631 (3.87%) Natural Language Processing
14 568 (3.49%) XML
15 522 (3.20%) JSON
16 514 (3.15%) HTML5
17 513 (3.15%) jQuery
18 472 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
19 466 (2.86%) TensorFlow
20 432 (2.65%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 2,392 (14.68%) Computer Science
2 1,533 (9.41%) Algorithms
3 1,455 (8.93%) Analytical Skills
4 1,059 (6.50%) Fintech
5 607 (3.72%) Greenfield Project
6 535 (3.28%) User Experience
7 454 (2.79%) Data Structures
8 452 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
9 448 (2.75%) Public Cloud
10 409 (2.51%) Hedge funds
11 407 (2.50%) Data Centre
12 367 (2.25%) Mobile App
13 325 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
14 322 (1.98%) Management Information System
15 300 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
16 297 (1.82%) Derivative
17 291 (1.79%) Equities
18 274 (1.68%) Fixed Income
19 251 (1.54%) Cyberthreat
20 249 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 5,937 (36.43%) Linux
2 1,844 (11.31%) Windows
3 1,579 (9.69%) Unix
4 562 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 526 (3.23%) CentOS
6 367 (2.25%) Android
7 339 (2.08%) Ubuntu
8 262 (1.61%) Apple iOS
9 257 (1.58%) Windows Server
10 219 (1.34%) Debian
11 139 (0.85%) Mac OS X
12 108 (0.66%) Solaris
13 75 (0.46%) CoreOS
14 74 (0.45%) Mac OS
15 61 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
16 58 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
17 57 (0.35%) AIX
18 49 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
19 42 (0.26%) Fedora
20 38 (0.23%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,330 (32.70%) Agile Software Development
2 4,190 (25.71%) DevOps
3 3,378 (20.73%) Software Engineering
4 2,656 (16.30%) Machine Learning
5 2,283 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
6 2,181 (13.38%) Analytics
7 2,075 (12.73%) Data Science
8 1,895 (11.63%) Test Automation
9 1,879 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
10 1,870 (11.47%) TDD
11 1,811 (11.11%) Mathematics
12 1,635 (10.03%) Scrum
13 1,523 (9.34%) Open Source
14 1,522 (9.34%) Configuration Management
15 1,263 (7.75%) OO
16 1,239 (7.60%) Artificial Intelligence
17 1,206 (7.40%) Microservices
18 1,112 (6.82%) SDLC
19 963 (5.91%) Mentoring
20 918 (5.63%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 6,700 (41.11%) Java
2 4,458 (27.35%) SQL
3 3,686 (22.62%) JavaScript
4 3,517 (21.58%) C++
5 2,892 (17.74%) C#
6 2,850 (17.49%) Ruby
7 2,595 (15.92%) Bash Shell
8 2,137 (13.11%) Perl
9 1,805 (11.07%) C
10 1,636 (10.04%) R
11 1,628 (9.99%) PHP
12 1,562 (9.58%) Scala
13 1,239 (7.60%) PowerShell
14 994 (6.10%) Go
15 759 (4.66%) Shell Script
16 525 (3.22%) MATLAB
17 256 (1.57%) Java 8
18 206 (1.26%) VBA
19 203 (1.25%) T-SQL
20 201 (1.23%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2,971 (18.23%) Degree
2 990 (6.07%) PhD
3 868 (5.33%) Computer Science Degree
4 623 (3.82%) Security Cleared
5 298 (1.83%) DV Cleared
6 287 (1.76%) SC Cleared
7 279 (1.71%) Numerate Degree
8 268 (1.64%) Master's Degree
9 231 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
10 202 (1.24%) AWS Certification
11 172 (1.06%) CCNP
12 129 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
13 104 (0.64%) CCNA
13 104 (0.64%) CISSP
14 92 (0.56%) ISTQB
15 86 (0.53%) MCSE
16 72 (0.44%) RHCE
17 64 (0.39%) CCIE
18 62 (0.38%) ISEB
19 53 (0.33%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 952 (5.84%) QA
2 282 (1.73%) GCP
3 129 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 119 (0.73%) GDPR
5 98 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 91 (0.56%) PCI DSS
7 61 (0.37%) SLA
8 24 (0.15%) ISO 9001
9 20 (0.12%) MiFID
10 16 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.074%) JTAG
12 9 (0.055%) Cyber Essentials
12 9 (0.055%) EMIR
12 9 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 9 (0.055%) Solvency II
13 8 (0.049%) ARP4754
13 8 (0.049%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.043%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 7 (0.043%) ISO 14001
14 7 (0.043%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 3,052 (18.73%) Docker
2 490 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 266 (1.63%) HDFS
4 239 (1.47%) Active Directory
5 196 (1.20%) vSphere
6 140 (0.86%) Apache Flume
7 137 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
8 133 (0.82%) Hyper-V
9 123 (0.75%) Firmware
10 95 (0.58%) VirtualBox
11 93 (0.57%) KVM
12 75 (0.46%) Xen
13 59 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
14 46 (0.28%) iptables
15 45 (0.28%) NFS
16 43 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 41 (0.25%) VMware NSX
18 40 (0.25%) Samba
18 40 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
19 37 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 2,535 (15.55%) Ansible
2 2,287 (14.03%) Puppet
3 1,790 (10.98%) Opscode Chef
4 1,459 (8.95%) Kubernetes
5 1,100 (6.75%) Terraform
6 454 (2.79%) Nagios
7 346 (2.12%) Salt
8 220 (1.35%) Packer
9 190 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
10 171 (1.05%) ZABBIX
11 153 (0.94%) Kibana
12 128 (0.79%) Prometheus
13 124 (0.76%) logstash
14 113 (0.69%) Graphite
14 113 (0.69%) Hadoop YARN
15 107 (0.66%) Grafana
16 101 (0.62%) Rancher
17 95 (0.58%) Consul
18 94 (0.58%) Mesos
19 87 (0.53%) Cobbler
Vendors
1 1,131 (6.94%) Oracle
2 1,103 (6.77%) Google
3 990 (6.07%) Microsoft
4 745 (4.57%) VMware
5 676 (4.15%) Red Hat
6 506 (3.10%) Tableau
7 410 (2.52%) Splunk
8 371 (2.28%) Cisco
9 312 (1.91%) Cloudera
10 259 (1.59%) IBM
11 222 (1.36%) SAP
12 189 (1.16%) Atlassian
13 186 (1.14%) New Relic
14 178 (1.09%) WorldPay
15 177 (1.09%) Sybase
16 170 (1.04%) SaltStack
17 162 (0.99%) Hortonworks
18 150 (0.92%) AppDynamics
19 134 (0.82%) Capita
20 132 (0.81%) F5