Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 25 30
Rank change year-on-year +7 +5 +26
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,348 13,939 12,594
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.67% 7.91% 6.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 17.33% 14.23% 12.20%
Number of salaries quoted 12,855 11,415 10,859
UK median annual salary £58,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.36% - +10.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +4.65%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 94,322 97,925 103,267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.82% 55.56% 52.40%
Number of salaries quoted 78,325 80,918 89,393
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 15,289 £60,000 +8.11% 2,393
London +8 8,405 £69,500 +6.92% 1,190
UK excluding London +11 7,662 £50,000 +5.26% 1,320
South East +5 2,519 £50,000 - 360
North of England +11 1,514 £50,000 - 257
East of England +5 1,246 £52,500 +10.53% 283
South West +18 1,044 £47,500 +5.56% 205
North West +20 800 £50,000 +5.26% 140
Scotland +8 657 £50,000 +11.11% 79
Yorkshire +6 628 £50,000 - 90
Midlands +27 530 £50,000 +25.00% 97
West Midlands +40 367 £50,000 +25.00% 62
East Midlands -8 159 £45,000 +20.00% 35
Wales +8 120 £45,000 +5.88% 15
North East +7 86 £45,000 +20.00% 27
Northern Ireland +21 51 £47,500 +18.75% 22
Channel Islands - 1 £45,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,555 (40.10%) Java
2 5,925 (36.24%) Linux
3 5,480 (33.52%) Agile Software Development
4 4,651 (28.45%) SQL
5 4,502 (27.54%) Amazon AWS
6 4,284 (26.21%) DevOps
7 3,636 (22.24%) JavaScript
8 3,561 (21.78%) Finance
9 3,392 (20.75%) C++
10 3,284 (20.09%) Software Engineering
11 3,226 (19.73%) Docker
12 2,986 (18.27%) C#
13 2,931 (17.93%) Degree
14 2,701 (16.52%) Ruby
15 2,633 (16.11%) Bash Shell
16 2,564 (15.68%) Ansible
17 2,532 (15.49%) Machine Learning
18 2,428 (14.85%) Jenkins
19 2,348 (14.36%) Big Data
20 2,339 (14.31%) Computer Science
21 2,323 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
22 2,249 (13.76%) Puppet
23 2,232 (13.65%) Git (software)
24 2,211 (13.52%) Analytics
25 2,155 (13.18%) Microsoft Azure
26 2,061 (12.61%) Perl
27 2,031 (12.42%) Data Science
28 1,921 (11.75%) Problem-Solving
29 1,912 (11.70%) Test Automation
30 1,828 (11.18%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,442 (8.82%) Apache Spark
2 847 (5.18%) Apache
3 741 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
4 445 (2.72%) Tomcat
5 382 (2.34%) Confluence
6 368 (2.25%) SAS
7 340 (2.08%) OpenStack
8 335 (2.05%) nginx
9 172 (1.05%) Apache Pig
10 130 (0.80%) WebSphere
11 127 (0.78%) JBoss
12 118 (0.72%) Ethereum
13 108 (0.66%) WebLogic
14 104 (0.64%) WordPress
15 103 (0.63%) IIS
16 100 (0.61%) CMS
17 99 (0.61%) Apache Solr
18 95 (0.58%) CloudStack
19 68 (0.42%) SharePoint
20 63 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 237 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 100 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 99 (0.61%) SPSS
4 55 (0.34%) Chatbot
5 45 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 35 (0.21%) MS Visio
7 16 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
8 15 (0.092%) GNU Octave
8 15 (0.092%) Maya
8 15 (0.092%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.067%) Houdini
10 10 (0.061%) HipChat
10 10 (0.061%) Stata
11 7 (0.043%) InVision
11 7 (0.043%) Simulink
12 4 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
12 4 (0.024%) AutoCAD
12 4 (0.024%) CPLEX
12 4 (0.024%) InDesign
13 3 (0.018%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 62 (0.38%) Distributed Ledger
2 46 (0.28%) thinkFolio
3 30 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
4 24 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 19 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 18 (0.11%) Magento
7 17 (0.10%) Documaker
8 16 (0.098%) Ripple
9 12 (0.073%) Summit
10 11 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
11 10 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 8 (0.049%) FastStats
13 7 (0.043%) Odoo
13 7 (0.043%) SAP S/4HANA
14 6 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
14 6 (0.037%) SAP ERP
14 6 (0.037%) Sentinel
14 6 (0.037%) SunGard GMI
15 5 (0.031%) LatentZero
15 5 (0.031%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 4,502 (27.54%) Amazon AWS
2 2,155 (13.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 916 (5.60%) Google Cloud Platform
4 562 (3.44%) AWS CloudFormation
5 551 (3.37%) SaaS
6 484 (2.96%) GitHub
7 465 (2.84%) Serverless
8 449 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
9 384 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
10 380 (2.32%) Amazon S3
11 354 (2.17%) AWS Lambda
12 339 (2.07%) IaaS
13 323 (1.98%) PaaS
14 189 (1.16%) OpenShift
15 166 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 146 (0.89%) Amazon EMR
17 142 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 138 (0.84%) Amazon ELB
19 123 (0.75%) IBM Cloud
20 104 (0.64%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 622 (3.80%) TCP/IP
2 598 (3.66%) Firewall
3 520 (3.18%) DNS
4 454 (2.78%) HTTP
5 367 (2.24%) Internet
6 237 (1.45%) WAN
7 230 (1.41%) VPN
8 228 (1.39%) SSL
9 206 (1.26%) LAN
10 188 (1.15%) DHCP
11 187 (1.14%) Network Security
12 180 (1.10%) BGP
13 145 (0.89%) Wireless
14 104 (0.64%) SNMP
15 103 (0.63%) SAN
16 101 (0.62%) OSPF
17 97 (0.59%) SSH
18 93 (0.57%) Cisco Nexus
19 88 (0.54%) Cisco IOS
20 81 (0.50%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,348 (14.36%) Big Data
2 1,666 (10.19%) NoSQL
3 1,635 (10.00%) MySQL
4 1,587 (9.71%) Hadoop
5 1,285 (7.86%) PostgreSQL
6 1,235 (7.55%) SQL Server
7 1,037 (6.34%) MongoDB
8 1,002 (6.13%) Relational Database
9 627 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
10 605 (3.70%) Apache Hive
11 516 (3.16%) Data Warehouse
12 467 (2.86%) Redis
13 393 (2.40%) Blockchain
14 331 (2.02%) RDBMS
15 323 (1.98%) Amazon Redshift
16 315 (1.93%) Power BI
17 267 (1.63%) HBase
18 251 (1.54%) Amazon RDS
19 228 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 216 (1.32%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 2,428 (14.85%) Jenkins
2 2,232 (13.65%) Git (software)
3 951 (5.82%) JIRA
4 761 (4.66%) Selenium
5 628 (3.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 562 (3.44%) TeamCity
7 511 (3.13%) Subversion
8 510 (3.12%) Maven
9 419 (2.56%) Vagrant
10 403 (2.47%) Cucumber
11 284 (1.74%) Bitbucket
11 284 (1.74%) JUnit
12 264 (1.61%) GitLab
13 260 (1.59%) Octopus Deploy
14 230 (1.41%) Visual Studio
15 196 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
16 185 (1.13%) WebDriver
17 173 (1.06%) JMeter
18 152 (0.93%) SoapUI
19 147 (0.90%) Gradle
General
1 3,561 (21.78%) Finance
2 1,093 (6.69%) Banking
3 713 (4.36%) Retail
4 608 (3.72%) Marketing
5 565 (3.46%) Front Office
6 521 (3.19%) Investment Banking
7 450 (2.75%) Telecoms
8 422 (2.58%) Games
9 360 (2.20%) Financial Institution
10 334 (2.04%) Electronics
11 279 (1.71%) Manufacturing
12 226 (1.38%) Advertising
13 192 (1.17%) Law
14 138 (0.84%) Publishing
15 120 (0.73%) Automotive
16 101 (0.62%) Legal
17 86 (0.53%) Back Office
18 58 (0.35%) French Language
19 52 (0.32%) Aerospace
20 50 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 5,126 (31.36%) Developer
2 2,031 (12.42%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,731 (10.59%) Python Developer
4 1,542 (9.43%) Software Engineer
5 950 (5.81%) Senior Developer
6 947 (5.79%) Data Scientist
7 906 (5.54%) Java Developer
8 838 (5.13%) Software Developer
9 822 (5.03%) Python Engineer
10 773 (4.73%) Analyst
11 736 (4.50%) Data Engineer
12 683 (4.18%) Linux Engineer
13 611 (3.74%) AWS Engineer
14 526 (3.22%) Cloud Engineer
15 524 (3.21%) Architect
16 478 (2.92%) Graduate
17 463 (2.83%) Junior
18 461 (2.82%) AWS DevOps
19 439 (2.69%) Java Engineer
20 433 (2.65%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,734 (10.61%) HTML
2 1,396 (8.54%) CSS
3 1,393 (8.52%) AngularJS
4 1,359 (8.31%) .NET
5 1,269 (7.76%) Web Services
6 1,218 (7.45%) Node.js
7 1,208 (7.39%) Django
8 1,008 (6.17%) React
9 904 (5.53%) REST
10 736 (4.50%) Kafka
11 727 (4.45%) Spring
12 700 (4.28%) RESTful
13 647 (3.96%) Natural Language Processing
14 602 (3.68%) XML
15 508 (3.11%) TensorFlow
16 499 (3.05%) HTML5
17 496 (3.03%) JSON
18 485 (2.97%) jQuery
19 473 (2.89%) RabbitMQ
20 466 (2.85%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 2,339 (14.31%) Computer Science
2 1,485 (9.08%) Analytical Skills
3 1,396 (8.54%) Algorithms
4 1,047 (6.40%) Fintech
5 613 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
6 472 (2.89%) User Experience
7 461 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
8 455 (2.78%) Data Structures
9 442 (2.70%) Public Cloud
10 436 (2.67%) Hedge funds
11 390 (2.39%) Data Centre
12 355 (2.17%) Derivative
13 343 (2.10%) Fixed Income
14 341 (2.09%) Equities
15 339 (2.07%) Management Information System
16 328 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
17 326 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
18 301 (1.84%) Mobile App
19 299 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 253 (1.55%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 5,925 (36.24%) Linux
2 1,821 (11.14%) Windows
3 1,563 (9.56%) Unix
4 613 (3.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 578 (3.54%) CentOS
6 403 (2.47%) Ubuntu
7 371 (2.27%) Android
8 294 (1.80%) Windows Server
9 264 (1.61%) Apple iOS
10 208 (1.27%) Debian
11 151 (0.92%) Mac OS X
12 126 (0.77%) Solaris
13 76 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
14 67 (0.41%) CoreOS
15 63 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
16 62 (0.38%) Fedora
17 61 (0.37%) AIX
18 55 (0.34%) Mac OS
19 46 (0.28%) VMS
20 45 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,480 (33.52%) Agile Software Development
2 4,284 (26.21%) DevOps
3 3,284 (20.09%) Software Engineering
4 2,532 (15.49%) Machine Learning
5 2,323 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
6 2,211 (13.52%) Analytics
7 2,031 (12.42%) Data Science
8 1,921 (11.75%) Problem-Solving
9 1,912 (11.70%) Test Automation
10 1,828 (11.18%) TDD
11 1,744 (10.67%) Mathematics
12 1,660 (10.15%) Scrum
13 1,536 (9.40%) Open Source
14 1,488 (9.10%) Configuration Management
15 1,283 (7.85%) Artificial Intelligence
16 1,241 (7.59%) OO
17 1,177 (7.20%) Microservices
18 1,079 (6.60%) SDLC
19 951 (5.82%) Mentoring
20 884 (5.41%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 6,555 (40.10%) Java
2 4,651 (28.45%) SQL
3 3,636 (22.24%) JavaScript
4 3,392 (20.75%) C++
5 2,986 (18.27%) C#
6 2,701 (16.52%) Ruby
7 2,633 (16.11%) Bash Shell
8 2,061 (12.61%) Perl
9 1,726 (10.56%) C
10 1,563 (9.56%) R
11 1,529 (9.35%) PHP
12 1,405 (8.59%) Scala
13 1,294 (7.92%) PowerShell
14 1,109 (6.78%) Go
15 718 (4.39%) Shell Script
16 422 (2.58%) MATLAB
17 246 (1.50%) Java 8
18 242 (1.48%) T-SQL
19 220 (1.35%) VBA
20 172 (1.05%) Korn
Qualifications
1 2,931 (17.93%) Degree
2 938 (5.74%) PhD
3 896 (5.48%) Computer Science Degree
4 653 (3.99%) Security Cleared
5 350 (2.14%) DV Cleared
6 284 (1.74%) Master's Degree
7 282 (1.72%) Numerate Degree
8 281 (1.72%) SC Cleared
9 262 (1.60%) Cisco Certification
10 185 (1.13%) AWS Certification
11 168 (1.03%) CCNP
12 163 (1.00%) Microsoft Certification
13 144 (0.88%) CCNA
14 135 (0.83%) CISSP
15 111 (0.68%) MCSE
16 98 (0.60%) ISTQB
17 95 (0.58%) RHCE
18 81 (0.50%) SANS
19 76 (0.46%) GIAC
20 71 (0.43%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 972 (5.95%) QA
2 350 (2.14%) GCP
3 129 (0.79%) Data Quality
4 83 (0.51%) PCI DSS
5 82 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 80 (0.49%) GDPR
7 74 (0.45%) SLA
8 20 (0.12%) MiFID
9 14 (0.086%) JTAG
9 14 (0.086%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 12 (0.073%) Actionable Recommendations
10 12 (0.073%) ISO 9001
11 10 (0.061%) IEC 61131
12 9 (0.055%) EMIR
12 9 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 8 (0.049%) ARP4754
13 8 (0.049%) Disclosure Scotland
14 6 (0.037%) COBIT
14 6 (0.037%) PMO
14 6 (0.037%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 3,226 (19.73%) Docker
2 586 (3.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 288 (1.76%) Active Directory
4 284 (1.74%) HDFS
5 221 (1.35%) vSphere
6 172 (1.05%) Hyper-V
7 157 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
8 141 (0.86%) Apache Flume
9 112 (0.69%) Firmware
9 112 (0.69%) VirtualBox
10 101 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
11 99 (0.61%) KVM
12 86 (0.53%) Xen
13 50 (0.31%) Samba
14 46 (0.28%) iptables
14 46 (0.28%) NFS
15 43 (0.26%) XenServer
16 38 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
17 36 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 36 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 2,564 (15.68%) Ansible
2 2,249 (13.76%) Puppet
3 1,738 (10.63%) Opscode Chef
4 1,633 (9.99%) Kubernetes
5 1,193 (7.30%) Terraform
6 455 (2.78%) Nagios
7 408 (2.50%) Salt
8 245 (1.50%) ZABBIX
9 240 (1.47%) Packer
10 233 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
11 181 (1.11%) Prometheus
12 175 (1.07%) Kibana
13 164 (1.00%) Grafana
14 137 (0.84%) logstash
15 133 (0.81%) Graphite
16 117 (0.72%) Consul
17 109 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
18 106 (0.65%) Rancher
19 105 (0.64%) Mesos
20 95 (0.58%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,179 (7.21%) Google
2 1,171 (7.16%) Oracle
3 1,114 (6.81%) Microsoft
4 853 (5.22%) VMware
5 777 (4.75%) Red Hat
6 530 (3.24%) Tableau
7 405 (2.48%) Splunk
8 391 (2.39%) Cisco
9 308 (1.88%) Cloudera
10 269 (1.65%) IBM
11 263 (1.61%) SAP
12 203 (1.24%) Atlassian
13 194 (1.19%) New Relic
14 186 (1.14%) Hortonworks
15 162 (0.99%) SaltStack
16 147 (0.90%) Sybase
17 142 (0.87%) Informatica
18 140 (0.86%) WorldPay
19 134 (0.82%) Capita
20 132 (0.81%) AppDynamics