Period
to 16 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
16 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 18 25
Rank change year-on-year +1 +7 +10
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,154 16,068 13,058
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.25% 9.35% 7.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.80% 16.68% 13.75%
Number of salaries quoted 12,740 12,680 10,875
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 77,680 96,356 94,945
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.09% 56.07% 55.22%
Number of salaries quoted 63,559 80,369 80,246
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +0.42%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 16 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 16 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 15,112 £60,000 +4.35% 1,332
London +6 8,749 £70,000 +3.70% 710
UK excluding London +6 7,137 £50,000 - 692
South East +4 2,200 £50,000 - 159
North of England +18 1,566 £51,147 +2.29% 126
South West +7 1,150 £47,500 - 97
East of England 0 800 £55,000 +4.76% 196
North West +9 744 £52,500 +5.00% 63
Yorkshire +16 724 £50,000 - 52
Midlands +36 602 £45,000 -5.26% 46
Scotland -7 601 £45,000 -10.00% 47
West Midlands +26 400 £50,000 +11.11% 34
East Midlands +25 197 £40,000 -23.81% 12
Wales +18 143 £40,000 -11.11% 9
North East +46 98 £49,669 +16.87% 11
Northern Ireland +2 89 £50,000 +17.65% 14
Channel Islands - 1 £75,000 -

For the 6 months to 16 June 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,967 (36.94%) Java
2 5,817 (36.01%) Agile Software Development
3 5,528 (34.22%) Linux
4 5,244 (32.46%) Amazon AWS
5 4,745 (29.37%) DevOps
6 4,405 (27.27%) SQL
7 3,563 (22.06%) Software Engineering
8 3,448 (21.34%) Docker
9 3,401 (21.05%) JavaScript
10 3,126 (19.35%) Finance
11 2,966 (18.36%) C++
12 2,811 (17.40%) Microsoft Azure
13 2,747 (17.01%) C#
14 2,619 (16.21%) Analytics
15 2,611 (16.16%) Bash Shell
16 2,587 (16.01%) Degree
17 2,426 (15.02%) Machine Learning
18 2,357 (14.59%) Ansible
19 2,229 (13.80%) Data Science
20 2,192 (13.57%) Git (software)
21 2,182 (13.51%) Kubernetes
22 2,140 (13.25%) Jenkins
23 2,081 (12.88%) Ruby
24 2,019 (12.50%) Big Data
25 1,944 (12.03%) Computer Science
26 1,876 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
27 1,824 (11.29%) Test Automation
28 1,797 (11.12%) Windows
29 1,778 (11.01%) Google Cloud Platform
30 1,634 (10.12%) Unix

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,443 (8.93%) Apache Spark
2 803 (4.97%) Apache
3 715 (4.43%) Elasticsearch
4 367 (2.27%) Confluence
5 308 (1.91%) Tomcat
6 303 (1.88%) nginx
7 284 (1.76%) SAS
8 229 (1.42%) Apache Pig
9 187 (1.16%) OpenStack
10 130 (0.80%) WebLogic
11 114 (0.71%) SharePoint
12 108 (0.67%) JBoss
13 99 (0.61%) IIS
14 91 (0.56%) Apache Solr
15 78 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
16 77 (0.48%) Jupyter
17 64 (0.40%) WebSphere
18 63 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
19 42 (0.26%) MS Exchange
20 37 (0.23%) CMS
Applications
1 245 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 120 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 92 (0.57%) SPSS
4 74 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.19%) Chatbot
6 26 (0.16%) Stata
7 23 (0.14%) Simulink
8 21 (0.13%) Adobe XD
9 20 (0.12%) MS Visio
10 15 (0.093%) Fireworks
10 15 (0.093%) GNU Octave
11 14 (0.087%) Photoshop
12 13 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
13 9 (0.056%) Zeplin
14 8 (0.050%) InVision
15 6 (0.037%) Mathematica
15 6 (0.037%) SPSS Modeler
15 6 (0.037%) Weka
16 5 (0.031%) AutoCAD
17 4 (0.025%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 45 (0.28%) thinkFolio
2 44 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
3 30 (0.19%) Summit
4 25 (0.15%) SAP ERP
5 22 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 18 (0.11%) Magento
7 16 (0.099%) Dynamics CRM
8 15 (0.093%) Teamcenter
9 13 (0.080%) Eze OMS
9 13 (0.080%) Oracle BPM
10 10 (0.062%) SAP Business One
11 9 (0.056%) Oracle Applications
11 9 (0.056%) R3 Corda
12 7 (0.043%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 6 (0.037%) NetSuite
13 6 (0.037%) WebTrends
14 5 (0.031%) Oracle EBS R12
14 5 (0.031%) SAP BPC
15 4 (0.025%) Dynamics NAV
15 4 (0.025%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 5,244 (32.46%) Amazon AWS
2 2,811 (17.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,778 (11.01%) Google Cloud Platform
4 742 (4.59%) Serverless
5 591 (3.66%) Power Platform
6 574 (3.55%) SaaS
7 531 (3.29%) AWS Lambda
8 509 (3.15%) AWS CloudFormation
9 496 (3.07%) GitHub
10 477 (2.95%) Amazon S3
11 414 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
12 377 (2.33%) PaaS
13 339 (2.10%) Cloud Computing
14 285 (1.76%) Amazon ECS
15 262 (1.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 255 (1.58%) IaaS
17 239 (1.48%) Office 365
18 227 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
19 183 (1.13%) OpenShift
20 181 (1.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 781 (4.83%) Firewall
2 685 (4.24%) DNS
3 508 (3.14%) TCP/IP
4 459 (2.84%) VPN
5 449 (2.78%) Network Security
6 385 (2.38%) WAN
7 374 (2.32%) SMTP
8 361 (2.23%) BGP
9 360 (2.23%) MPLS
10 359 (2.22%) OSPF
11 347 (2.15%) NetScaler
12 345 (2.14%) Cisco ASA
13 330 (2.04%) Internet
14 328 (2.03%) Broadband
15 326 (2.02%) IPsec
16 320 (1.98%) Cisco Nexus
17 285 (1.76%) ADSL
18 283 (1.75%) RIP
19 248 (1.54%) HTTP
20 164 (1.02%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,019 (12.50%) Big Data
2 1,511 (9.35%) Hadoop
3 1,298 (8.04%) NoSQL
4 1,264 (7.82%) MySQL
5 1,144 (7.08%) SQL Server
6 1,111 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
7 891 (5.52%) MongoDB
8 755 (4.67%) Relational Database
9 698 (4.32%) Data Warehouse
10 605 (3.75%) Apache Hive
11 590 (3.65%) Power BI
12 511 (3.16%) Apache Cassandra
13 366 (2.27%) Amazon Redshift
14 348 (2.15%) Redis
15 337 (2.09%) HBase
16 336 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 323 (2.00%) Data Lake
18 316 (1.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 303 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
20 276 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 2,192 (13.57%) Git (software)
2 2,140 (13.25%) Jenkins
3 904 (5.60%) JIRA
4 812 (5.03%) Selenium
5 477 (2.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 436 (2.70%) TeamCity
7 391 (2.42%) Cucumber
8 350 (2.17%) Maven
9 325 (2.01%) GitLab
10 313 (1.94%) Bitbucket
11 278 (1.72%) Subversion
12 231 (1.43%) Visual Studio
13 216 (1.34%) WebDriver
14 215 (1.33%) Vagrant
15 190 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
16 187 (1.16%) Gradle
17 184 (1.14%) JUnit
18 182 (1.13%) Team Foundation Server
19 175 (1.08%) JMeter
20 172 (1.06%) Travis CI
General
1 3,126 (19.35%) Finance
2 1,002 (6.20%) Banking
3 782 (4.84%) Retail
4 628 (3.89%) Marketing
5 421 (2.61%) Telecoms
6 401 (2.48%) Front Office
7 372 (2.30%) Games
8 360 (2.23%) Law
9 246 (1.52%) Electronics
10 196 (1.21%) Manufacturing
11 156 (0.97%) Advertising
11 156 (0.97%) Legal
12 151 (0.93%) Investment Banking
13 140 (0.87%) Financial Institution
14 115 (0.71%) Aerospace
15 98 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 94 (0.58%) Military
17 87 (0.54%) Automotive
18 66 (0.41%) Publishing
19 53 (0.33%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,580 (28.35%) Developer
2 2,022 (12.52%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,599 (9.90%) Software Engineer
4 1,567 (9.70%) Python Developer
5 1,101 (6.82%) Data Engineer
6 986 (6.10%) Python Engineer
7 904 (5.60%) Data Scientist
8 881 (5.45%) Analyst
9 875 (5.42%) AWS Engineer
10 778 (4.82%) Software Developer
11 706 (4.37%) Senior Developer
12 699 (4.33%) Java Developer
13 680 (4.21%) Cloud Engineer
14 649 (4.02%) Junior
15 643 (3.98%) Architect
16 626 (3.88%) Linux Engineer
17 563 (3.49%) AWS DevOps
18 479 (2.97%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 448 (2.77%) Senior DevOps
20 425 (2.63%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,444 (8.94%) Node.js
2 1,365 (8.45%) HTML
3 1,312 (8.12%) AngularJS
4 1,258 (7.79%) .NET
5 1,224 (7.58%) Web Services
6 1,164 (7.21%) CSS
7 1,069 (6.62%) React
8 898 (5.56%) Django
9 881 (5.45%) Kafka
10 733 (4.54%) REST
11 655 (4.05%) RESTful
12 566 (3.50%) Spring
13 516 (3.19%) Elastic Stack
14 454 (2.81%) HTML5
15 425 (2.63%) Vue.js
16 400 (2.48%) Flask
17 385 (2.38%) JSON
18 371 (2.30%) Natural Language Processing
19 360 (2.23%) XML
20 350 (2.17%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 1,496 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
2 1,212 (7.50%) Algorithms
3 624 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
4 559 (3.46%) Public Cloud
5 476 (2.95%) User Experience
6 467 (2.89%) Management Information System
7 448 (2.77%) Data Structures
8 423 (2.62%) Self-Motivation
9 407 (2.52%) Hedge funds
10 358 (2.22%) Data Centre
11 341 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
12 323 (2.00%) Fixed Income
13 299 (1.85%) Derivative
14 288 (1.78%) Mobile App
15 257 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
16 219 (1.36%) Robotics
17 210 (1.30%) Hybrid Cloud
18 202 (1.25%) Cloud Native
19 158 (0.98%) Equities
20 157 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 5,528 (34.22%) Linux
2 1,797 (11.12%) Windows
3 1,634 (10.12%) Unix
4 462 (2.86%) CentOS
5 419 (2.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 383 (2.37%) Android
7 382 (2.36%) Ubuntu
8 299 (1.85%) Windows Server
9 258 (1.60%) Apple iOS
10 184 (1.14%) Debian
11 99 (0.61%) Mac OS
12 65 (0.40%) Mac OS X
13 62 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
14 59 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 51 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
16 49 (0.30%) Fedora
16 49 (0.30%) Windows 10
17 45 (0.28%) AIX
18 37 (0.23%) CoreOS
18 37 (0.23%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,817 (36.01%) Agile Software Development
2 4,745 (29.37%) DevOps
3 3,563 (22.06%) Software Engineering
4 2,619 (16.21%) Analytics
5 2,426 (15.02%) Machine Learning
6 2,229 (13.80%) Data Science
7 1,944 (12.03%) Computer Science
8 1,876 (11.61%) Continuous Integration
9 1,824 (11.29%) Test Automation
10 1,580 (9.78%) Artificial Intelligence
11 1,493 (9.24%) Problem-Solving
12 1,442 (8.93%) Mathematics
13 1,394 (8.63%) Scrum
14 1,384 (8.57%) Open Source
15 1,289 (7.98%) TDD
16 1,287 (7.97%) Business Intelligence
17 1,234 (7.64%) Microservices
18 1,113 (6.89%) Configuration Management
19 1,036 (6.41%) Fintech
20 996 (6.17%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 5,967 (36.94%) Java
2 4,405 (27.27%) SQL
3 3,401 (21.05%) JavaScript
4 2,966 (18.36%) C++
5 2,747 (17.01%) C#
6 2,611 (16.16%) Bash Shell
7 2,081 (12.88%) Ruby
8 1,556 (9.63%) Perl
9 1,522 (9.42%) R
9 1,522 (9.42%) Scala
10 1,414 (8.75%) C
11 1,394 (8.63%) PHP
12 1,197 (7.41%) PowerShell
13 1,177 (7.29%) Go
14 532 (3.29%) Shell Script
15 486 (3.01%) MATLAB
16 281 (1.74%) Groovy
17 248 (1.54%) TypeScript
18 241 (1.49%) ES6
19 209 (1.29%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,587 (16.01%) Degree
2 921 (5.70%) Security Cleared
3 739 (4.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 643 (3.98%) PhD
5 511 (3.16%) SC Cleared
6 453 (2.80%) Cisco Certification
7 391 (2.42%) DV Cleared
8 357 (2.21%) CCNP
9 335 (2.07%) CCNA
10 160 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
11 154 (0.95%) AWS Certification
12 147 (0.91%) Master's Degree
13 138 (0.85%) ISTQB
14 108 (0.67%) CISSP
15 100 (0.62%) ISEB
16 97 (0.60%) RHCE
17 87 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
18 49 (0.30%) Postgraduate
19 42 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 38 (0.24%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 870 (5.39%) QA
2 355 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 298 (1.84%) ISO 9001
4 186 (1.15%) Data Quality
5 97 (0.60%) GDPR
6 70 (0.43%) SLA
7 43 (0.27%) PCI DSS
8 38 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 25 (0.15%) NIST
10 18 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
11 17 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
11 17 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 17 (0.11%) JSP 440
12 14 (0.087%) MiFID
13 11 (0.068%) IEC 61131
14 10 (0.062%) COBIT
14 10 (0.062%) CRD IV
14 10 (0.062%) NCSC
15 9 (0.056%) HIPAA
16 6 (0.037%) JTAG
System Software
1 3,448 (21.34%) Docker
2 477 (2.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 259 (1.60%) Active Directory
4 215 (1.33%) Hyper-V
5 150 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
6 149 (0.92%) vSphere
7 143 (0.89%) Apache Flume
8 137 (0.85%) HDFS
9 134 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 90 (0.56%) VirtualBox
11 89 (0.55%) KVM
12 80 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
13 79 (0.49%) Firmware
14 69 (0.43%) Xen
15 59 (0.37%) NFS
16 55 (0.34%) iptables
16 55 (0.34%) XenApp
17 51 (0.32%) XenDesktop
18 42 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
18 42 (0.26%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,357 (14.59%) Ansible
2 2,182 (13.51%) Kubernetes
3 1,587 (9.82%) Puppet
4 1,550 (9.60%) Terraform
5 1,258 (7.79%) Opscode Chef
6 561 (3.47%) Nagios
7 312 (1.93%) FortiGate
8 282 (1.75%) Prometheus
9 280 (1.73%) Salt
10 251 (1.55%) Packer
11 216 (1.34%) Oozie
12 195 (1.21%) Grafana
13 183 (1.13%) Kibana
14 177 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
15 154 (0.95%) Consul
16 152 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
17 111 (0.69%) logstash
18 108 (0.67%) ZABBIX
19 101 (0.63%) Graphite
20 91 (0.56%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1,315 (8.14%) Microsoft
2 1,266 (7.84%) Google
3 885 (5.48%) Oracle
4 670 (4.15%) Tableau
5 604 (3.74%) VMware
6 537 (3.32%) Cisco
7 523 (3.24%) Red Hat
8 405 (2.51%) Splunk
9 320 (1.98%) Fortinet
10 303 (1.88%) Cloudera
11 270 (1.67%) Palo Alto
12 247 (1.53%) SAP
13 207 (1.28%) Atlassian
14 205 (1.27%) IBM
15 200 (1.24%) Databricks
16 184 (1.14%) Hortonworks
17 177 (1.10%) Informatica
18 167 (1.03%) Bloomberg
19 160 (0.99%) Reuters
20 140 (0.87%) New Relic