Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 563 712 776
Rank change year-on-year +149 +64 +329
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 790 514 525
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.29% 0.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.15% 0.71% 0.68%
Number of salaries quoted 683 431 478
UK median annual salary £67,500 £67,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +17.39% -8.00%
10th Percentile £42,500 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £93,750 £92,875
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +33.33% -14.29%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 68,640 71,936 77,282
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.47% 40.64% 38.94%
Number of salaries quoted 56,965 59,849 67,019
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +147 761 £67,500 - 89
London +129 453 £75,000 +7.14% 50
UK excluding London +135 319 £60,000 - 41
South East +102 167 £65,000 -7.14% 19
East of England +45 87 £62,500 +38.89% 11
North of England +22 20 £50,000 +21.21% 6
Midlands +22 19 £45,000 +12.50%
West Midlands +36 16 £45,000 -
North West +23 16 £50,000 +25.00% 3
South West -21 13 £60,000 +54.86% 3
Scotland -15 11 £47,500 -51.28% 2
East Midlands +11 3 £35,000 +55.56%
Yorkshire +27 2 £75,000 +50.00% 3
Wales +2 2 £47,500 -13.40%
North East -23 2 £67,500 +22.73%

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 708 (89.62%) Machine Learning
2 640 (81.01%) Python
3 406 (51.39%) Data Science
4 404 (51.14%) Deep Learning
5 373 (47.22%) Artificial Intelligence
6 325 (41.14%) Java
7 314 (39.75%) PhD
8 280 (35.44%) C++
9 261 (33.04%) Algorithms
10 257 (32.53%) Software Engineering
11 242 (30.63%) Computer Science
12 235 (29.75%) Bayesian Methods
13 228 (28.86%) Analytics
14 225 (28.48%) TensorFlow
15 212 (26.84%) Neural Network
16 211 (26.71%) Big Data
17 180 (22.78%) Apache Spark
18 176 (22.28%) R
19 172 (21.77%) Degree
20 165 (20.89%) Statistics
21 160 (20.25%) Mathematics
21 160 (20.25%) C
22 159 (20.13%) Reinforcement Learning
23 152 (19.24%) Agile Software Development
24 150 (18.99%) SQL
25 144 (18.23%) Probabilistic Modelling
26 137 (17.34%) Visualisation
27 125 (15.82%) C#
28 123 (15.57%) Hadoop
28 123 (15.57%) Multithreading

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (22.78%) Apache Spark
2 67 (8.48%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (3.80%) Apache Solr
4 25 (3.16%) Apache
5 22 (2.78%) JBoss
6 16 (2.03%) Jupyter
7 14 (1.77%) SAS
8 9 (1.14%) Amazon Alexa
8 9 (1.14%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.25%) Jetty
9 2 (0.25%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.13%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.13%) Confluence
10 1 (0.13%) nginx
10 1 (0.13%) Tornado
Applications
1 29 (3.67%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.51%) SPSS
4 3 (0.38%) GNU Octave
5 2 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.13%) Mingle
6 1 (0.13%) Weka
Business Applications
1 1 (0.13%) Actimize
1 1 (0.13%) Oracle AML
Cloud Services
1 115 (14.56%) Amazon AWS
2 63 (7.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 34 (4.30%) GitHub
4 21 (2.66%) Google Cloud Platform
5 14 (1.77%) Amazon SageMaker
5 14 (1.77%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
6 10 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
7 6 (0.76%) Amazon S3
7 6 (0.76%) SaaS
7 6 (0.76%) Serverless
8 5 (0.63%) Dialogflow
9 4 (0.51%) Amazon EMR
9 4 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.25%) Amazon Kinesis
10 2 (0.25%) AWS Fargate
10 2 (0.25%) Wit.ai
11 1 (0.13%) Azure Machine Learning
11 1 (0.13%) IBM Cloud
11 1 (0.13%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.65%) DAB
2 11 (1.39%) Bluetooth
2 11 (1.39%) NFC
3 4 (0.51%) Internet
4 1 (0.13%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 211 (26.71%) Big Data
2 123 (15.57%) Hadoop
3 85 (10.76%) NoSQL
4 57 (7.22%) Text Mining
5 47 (5.95%) MongoDB
6 44 (5.57%) Apache Hive
7 42 (5.32%) Data Mining
8 41 (5.19%) PostgreSQL
9 33 (4.18%) HBase
10 31 (3.92%) Relational Database
11 30 (3.80%) Data Lake
11 30 (3.80%) QlikView
12 29 (3.67%) MySQL
13 27 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
13 27 (3.42%) Cosmos DB
14 26 (3.29%) Neo4j
15 20 (2.53%) Amazon Redshift
16 17 (2.15%) Blockchain
17 15 (1.90%) Impala
18 12 (1.52%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 46 (5.82%) Jenkins
2 40 (5.06%) Git (software)
3 27 (3.42%) Selenium
4 12 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 12 (1.52%) JUnit
4 12 (1.52%) Vagrant
5 11 (1.39%) Gradle
6 9 (1.14%) Maven
7 6 (0.76%) Subversion
8 5 (0.63%) Bitbucket
8 5 (0.63%) GitLab
8 5 (0.63%) NUnit
9 4 (0.51%) Visual Studio
10 3 (0.38%) JIRA
10 3 (0.38%) Mockito
11 2 (0.25%) JMeter
11 2 (0.25%) YouTrack
12 1 (0.13%) RStudio
12 1 (0.13%) Spock
12 1 (0.13%) webpack
General
1 107 (13.54%) Finance
2 43 (5.44%) Games
3 34 (4.30%) Publishing
4 26 (3.29%) Banking
5 25 (3.16%) Retail
6 23 (2.91%) Marketing
7 17 (2.15%) Law
8 14 (1.77%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.65%) Advertising
10 11 (1.39%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.89%) Aerospace
11 7 (0.89%) Automotive
12 6 (0.76%) Investment Banking
13 5 (0.63%) Back Office
14 4 (0.51%) Electronics
15 3 (0.38%) Legal
16 2 (0.25%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
17 1 (0.13%) Front Office
17 1 (0.13%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 256 (32.41%) Data Scientist
2 159 (20.13%) Developer
3 107 (13.54%) Software Engineer
4 97 (12.28%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 92 (11.65%) Senior Data Scientist
6 75 (9.49%) Python Engineer
7 64 (8.10%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 58 (7.34%) Software Developer
9 55 (6.96%) Machine Learning Researcher
10 47 (5.95%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 36 (4.56%) Java Developer
12 35 (4.43%) Python Developer
13 34 (4.30%) Data Engineer
14 31 (3.92%) C++ Software Engineer
15 26 (3.29%) Research Engineer
16 25 (3.16%) C++ Developer
17 24 (3.04%) Architect
17 24 (3.04%) Computer Engineer
17 24 (3.04%) Computer Vision Engineer
17 24 (3.04%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 225 (28.48%) TensorFlow
2 89 (11.27%) scikit-learn
3 75 (9.49%) Web Services
4 73 (9.24%) Pandas
5 67 (8.48%) NumPy
6 51 (6.46%) SciPy
7 46 (5.82%) RESTful
8 37 (4.68%) Theano
9 36 (4.56%) Spring
10 34 (4.30%) Keras
11 29 (3.67%) Kafka
12 26 (3.29%) MLlib
13 25 (3.16%) Lucene
13 25 (3.16%) PySpark
14 24 (3.04%) React
15 20 (2.53%) Node.js
15 20 (2.53%) REST
16 19 (2.41%) AngularJS
17 16 (2.03%) D3.js
18 15 (1.90%) MXNet
Miscellaneous
1 261 (33.04%) Algorithms
2 242 (30.63%) Computer Science
3 65 (8.23%) Analytical Skills
4 52 (6.58%) Fintech
5 31 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
6 27 (3.42%) User Experience
7 26 (3.29%) Smart City
8 25 (3.16%) Social Media
9 23 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
10 20 (2.53%) Data Structures
10 20 (2.53%) Hedge funds
11 15 (1.90%) NHS
12 14 (1.77%) Robotics
13 11 (1.39%) Social Network
14 10 (1.27%) Life Science
14 10 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
15 9 (1.14%) Grid Computing
16 8 (1.01%) Data Protection Act
16 8 (1.01%) Management Information System
16 8 (1.01%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 40 (5.06%) Linux
2 12 (1.52%) Windows
3 5 (0.63%) Robot Operating System
4 3 (0.38%) Unix
5 2 (0.25%) Android
5 2 (0.25%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 708 (89.62%) Machine Learning
2 406 (51.39%) Data Science
3 404 (51.14%) Deep Learning
4 373 (47.22%) Artificial Intelligence
5 257 (32.53%) Software Engineering
6 235 (29.75%) Bayesian Methods
7 228 (28.86%) Analytics
8 212 (26.84%) Neural Network
9 165 (20.89%) Statistics
10 160 (20.25%) Mathematics
11 159 (20.13%) Reinforcement Learning
12 152 (19.24%) Agile Software Development
13 144 (18.23%) Probabilistic Modelling
14 137 (17.34%) Visualisation
15 123 (15.57%) Multithreading
16 109 (13.80%) Distributed Algorithms
17 104 (13.16%) Computational Linguistics
17 104 (13.16%) Data Visualisation
18 96 (12.15%) Computer Vision
19 88 (11.14%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 640 (81.01%) Python
2 325 (41.14%) Java
3 280 (35.44%) C++
4 176 (22.28%) R
5 160 (20.25%) C
6 150 (18.99%) SQL
7 125 (15.82%) C#
8 72 (9.11%) Scala
9 66 (8.35%) MATLAB
10 64 (8.10%) JavaScript
11 10 (1.27%) AspectJ
12 9 (1.14%) Java 8
13 7 (0.89%) Julia
14 5 (0.63%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.63%) Cython
14 5 (0.63%) TypeScript
15 4 (0.51%) Perl
15 4 (0.51%) Ruby
15 4 (0.51%) SPARQL
16 3 (0.38%) VBA
Qualifications
1 314 (39.75%) PhD
2 172 (21.77%) Degree
3 34 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
4 26 (3.29%) Master's Degree
5 17 (2.15%) Security Cleared
6 13 (1.65%) Numerate Degree
7 6 (0.76%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.38%) SC Cleared
9 1 (0.13%) CFA
9 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.28%) QA
2 17 (2.15%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.63%) GDPR
4 3 (0.38%) GCP
5 2 (0.25%) Solvency II
System Software
1 61 (7.72%) Docker
2 28 (3.54%) HDFS
3 16 (2.03%) VirtualBox
4 4 (0.51%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 40 (5.06%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.53%) Ansible
3 18 (2.28%) Terraform
4 14 (1.77%) Kibana
5 12 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
6 10 (1.27%) logstash
7 6 (0.76%) Puppet
8 5 (0.63%) Marathon
8 5 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.38%) Oozie
9 3 (0.38%) Salt
10 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.13%) Mesos
10 1 (0.13%) Nagios
10 1 (0.13%) Rancher
Vendors
1 62 (7.85%) Google
2 53 (6.71%) Tableau
3 24 (3.04%) Cloudera
4 21 (2.66%) Capita
5 18 (2.28%) Hortonworks
6 17 (2.15%) Oracle
7 13 (1.65%) Databricks
7 13 (1.65%) IBM
8 12 (1.52%) Dataiku
8 12 (1.52%) Microsoft
9 11 (1.39%) Talend
10 9 (1.14%) Apple
11 6 (0.76%) Twitter
11 6 (0.76%) Xceptor
12 5 (0.63%) SAP
13 3 (0.38%) MapR
14 2 (0.25%) Alteryx
14 2 (0.25%) Cognos
14 2 (0.25%) Greenplum
14 2 (0.25%) Splunk