Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 445 629 576
Rank change year-on-year +184 -53 +138
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 265 486 734
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.36% 0.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.22% 0.95% 1.12%
Number of salaries quoted 248 383 627
Median annual salary £75,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.38% -7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £38,375 £42,500 £43,750
90th Percentile £109,000 £92,500 £125,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -13.64% - -19.71%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,701 51,119 65,378
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.86% 37.60% 39.97%
Number of salaries quoted 18,513 42,072 53,978
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% +4.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £93,600 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +214 254 £75,000 +11.11% 66
London +160 197 £80,000 +14.29% 49
UK excluding London +202 62 £47,500 -13.64% 18
Work from Home +24 23 £67,500 +22.73% 10
South West +130 14 £47,500 -5.00% 2
South East +172 13 £65,000 +18.18% 4
Midlands +139 12 £45,000 -23.40% 3
West Midlands +104 12 £45,000 -37.93% 2
East of England +124 9 £55,000 -8.33% 3
North of England +108 5 £40,000 -13.51% 3
Scotland +61 3 £55,000 +4.76% 2
Wales +49 3 £42,190 +12.51% 1
North East +16 3 £40,000 +2.34%
Northern Ireland - 3 £42,000 -
North West +92 2 £52,500 +5.00% 3

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 210 (79.25%) Machine Learning
2 180 (67.92%) Python
3 142 (53.58%) Artificial Intelligence
4 121 (45.66%) Data Science
5 101 (38.11%) Agile Software Development
6 93 (35.09%) AWS
7 87 (32.83%) Finance
8 74 (27.92%) JavaScript
9 70 (26.42%) Neural Network
10 68 (25.66%) Java
10 68 (25.66%) Deep Learning
11 66 (24.91%) Big Data
12 61 (23.02%) Analytics
12 61 (23.02%) Azure
13 59 (22.26%) Degree
14 58 (21.89%) SQL
15 56 (21.13%) Mathematics
16 55 (20.75%) Algorithms
17 51 (19.25%) TensorFlow
18 49 (18.49%) Microservices
19 48 (18.11%) R
20 47 (17.74%) Apache Spark
20 47 (17.74%) GCP
20 47 (17.74%) Visualisation
21 46 (17.36%) Software Engineering
22 43 (16.23%) TDD
23 42 (15.85%) Computer Science
24 41 (15.47%) Kubernetes
25 39 (14.72%) Hadoop
26 38 (14.34%) Node.js

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (17.74%) Apache Spark
2 12 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
2 12 (4.53%) SAS
3 9 (3.40%) Jupyter
4 5 (1.89%) Confluence
5 4 (1.51%) ArcGIS
5 4 (1.51%) nginx
6 3 (1.13%) IIS
7 1 (0.38%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.38%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.38%) SharePoint
Applications
1 37 (13.96%) Chatbot
2 5 (1.89%) SPSS
3 2 (0.75%) S-PLUS
4 1 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.38%) Simulink
4 1 (0.38%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 1 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 93 (35.09%) AWS
2 61 (23.02%) Azure
3 47 (17.74%) GCP
4 23 (8.68%) Power Platform
5 12 (4.53%) SaaS
6 11 (4.15%) AWS CloudFormation
7 10 (3.77%) IBM Cloud
7 10 (3.77%) OpenShift
8 9 (3.40%) Amazon SageMaker
9 7 (2.64%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (2.26%) Amazon EC2
10 6 (2.26%) Amazon S3
10 6 (2.26%) Serverless
11 5 (1.89%) PaaS
12 4 (1.51%) IaaS
13 3 (1.13%) G Suite
14 2 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
15 1 (0.38%) Azure Active Directory
15 1 (0.38%) Azure Machine Learning
15 1 (0.38%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.64%) 5G
2 3 (1.13%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (24.91%) Big Data
2 39 (14.72%) Hadoop
3 30 (11.32%) MongoDB
4 29 (10.94%) Data Mining
5 25 (9.43%) Tableau
6 23 (8.68%) Power BI
7 20 (7.55%) NoSQL
7 20 (7.55%) SQL Server
8 19 (7.17%) PostgreSQL
9 16 (6.04%) Relational Database
10 12 (4.53%) Flink
11 9 (3.40%) RDBMS
12 7 (2.64%) Impala
13 6 (2.26%) Amazon Redshift
13 6 (2.26%) BigQuery
14 5 (1.89%) Apache Hive
14 5 (1.89%) Neo4j
15 4 (1.51%) Amazon QuickSight
15 4 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
15 4 (1.51%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 26 (9.81%) Git (software)
2 18 (6.79%) CircleCI
2 18 (6.79%) Mocha
3 16 (6.04%) JIRA
4 10 (3.77%) Jenkins
5 7 (2.64%) Appium
5 7 (2.64%) Spock
6 4 (1.51%) git-flow
7 3 (1.13%) Selenium
8 2 (0.75%) WebDriver
9 1 (0.38%) ANTLR
9 1 (0.38%) Bitbucket
9 1 (0.38%) Cypress.io
9 1 (0.38%) JUnit
9 1 (0.38%) MSTest
9 1 (0.38%) Octopus Deploy
9 1 (0.38%) SpecFlow
9 1 (0.38%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (0.38%) TeamCity
9 1 (0.38%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 87 (32.83%) Finance
2 14 (5.28%) Marketing
3 13 (4.91%) Banking
3 13 (4.91%) Retail
4 12 (4.53%) Manufacturing
5 9 (3.40%) Telecoms
6 8 (3.02%) Financial Institution
7 7 (2.64%) Games
8 6 (2.26%) Local Government
9 4 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (1.51%) Public Sector
10 2 (0.75%) Advertising
11 1 (0.38%) Front Office
11 1 (0.38%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.38%) Law
11 1 (0.38%) Norwegian Language
Job Titles
1 66 (24.91%) Data Scientist
2 42 (15.85%) Data Engineer
3 36 (13.58%) Developer
4 28 (10.57%) Python Engineer
5 27 (10.19%) Senior Data Scientist
6 24 (9.06%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 20 (7.55%) Full Stack Developer
8 19 (7.17%) JavaScript Engineer
9 18 (6.79%) Software Engineer
10 14 (5.28%) Senior Manager
11 12 (4.53%) Senior Data Engineer
12 11 (4.15%) Senior Developer
13 9 (3.40%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 8 (3.02%) Data Manager
15 7 (2.64%) Automation Engineer
15 7 (2.64%) Data Science Manager
15 7 (2.64%) Head of Data Science
15 7 (2.64%) QA Automation Engineer
15 7 (2.64%) QA Engineer
16 6 (2.26%) Data Science Director
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (19.25%) TensorFlow
2 38 (14.34%) Node.js
3 37 (13.96%) React
4 35 (13.21%) Pandas
5 34 (12.83%) Express
5 34 (12.83%) scikit-learn
6 32 (12.08%) NumPy
7 30 (11.32%) PyTorch
8 28 (10.57%) Redux
9 27 (10.19%) REST
10 24 (9.06%) AngularJS
10 24 (9.06%) Keras
11 22 (8.30%) Jest
12 18 (6.79%) Enzyme
12 18 (6.79%) Next.js
12 18 (6.79%) Sass
12 18 (6.79%) Semantic UI
13 15 (5.66%) Kafka
13 15 (5.66%) Matplotlib
13 15 (5.66%) XGBoost
Miscellaneous
1 55 (20.75%) Algorithms
2 36 (13.58%) Analytical Skills
3 18 (6.79%) Data Structures
4 17 (6.42%) Mobile App
4 17 (6.42%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (4.91%) Hedge funds
5 13 (4.91%) Hybrid Cloud
6 12 (4.53%) Equities
6 12 (4.53%) User Experience
7 9 (3.40%) Robotics
8 8 (3.02%) Life Science
9 6 (2.26%) FMCG
10 4 (1.51%) Augmented Reality
10 4 (1.51%) Fixed Income
10 4 (1.51%) Linked Data
10 4 (1.51%) Management Information System
10 4 (1.51%) Semantic Web
11 3 (1.13%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (1.13%) N-Tier
12 2 (0.75%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 23 (8.68%) Linux
2 8 (3.02%) Android
2 8 (3.02%) Apple iOS
3 4 (1.51%) Windows
4 3 (1.13%) Windows Server
4 3 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 210 (79.25%) Machine Learning
2 142 (53.58%) Artificial Intelligence
3 121 (45.66%) Data Science
4 101 (38.11%) Agile Software Development
5 70 (26.42%) Neural Network
6 68 (25.66%) Deep Learning
7 61 (23.02%) Analytics
8 56 (21.13%) Mathematics
9 49 (18.49%) Microservices
10 47 (17.74%) Visualisation
11 46 (17.36%) Software Engineering
12 43 (16.23%) TDD
13 42 (15.85%) Computer Science
14 38 (14.34%) Conversational UI
15 34 (12.83%) Data Visualisation
16 33 (12.45%) DevOps
16 33 (12.45%) Fintech
17 32 (12.08%) Statistics
18 29 (10.94%) Computer Vision
19 28 (10.57%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 180 (67.92%) Python
2 74 (27.92%) JavaScript
3 68 (25.66%) Java
4 58 (21.89%) SQL
5 48 (18.11%) R
6 24 (9.06%) Scala
7 19 (7.17%) C#
8 16 (6.04%) TypeScript
9 15 (5.66%) Bash Shell
10 13 (4.91%) C
11 12 (4.53%) C++
12 11 (4.15%) Go
12 11 (4.15%) MATLAB
13 5 (1.89%) Julia
14 4 (1.51%) PowerShell
14 4 (1.51%) VB.NET
15 3 (1.13%) Google Apps Script
15 3 (1.13%) Java 8
15 3 (1.13%) PHP
15 3 (1.13%) VBA
Qualifications
1 59 (22.26%) Degree
2 31 (11.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 25 (9.43%) PhD
4 14 (5.28%) Master's Degree
5 8 (3.02%) Security Cleared
6 7 (2.64%) DV Cleared
7 5 (1.89%) SC Cleared
8 3 (1.13%) CEH
8 3 (1.13%) CISM
8 3 (1.13%) CISSP
9 2 (0.75%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.38%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (5.66%) QA
2 2 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
2 2 (0.75%) NIST
3 1 (0.38%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.38%) MiFID
3 1 (0.38%) SLA
System Software
1 37 (13.96%) Docker
2 1 (0.38%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.38%) VirtualBox
2 1 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 41 (15.47%) Kubernetes
2 8 (3.02%) Terraform
3 3 (1.13%) Kibana
4 2 (0.75%) Ansible
4 2 (0.75%) Puppet
5 1 (0.38%) Mesos
Vendors
1 23 (8.68%) Databricks
2 13 (4.91%) Google
2 13 (4.91%) Microsoft
3 10 (3.77%) IBM
4 8 (3.02%) Cloudera
4 8 (3.02%) Oracle
5 5 (1.89%) Alteryx
6 4 (1.51%) Atlassian
6 4 (1.51%) Dataiku
7 3 (1.13%) Automation Anywhere
7 3 (1.13%) Blue Prism
7 3 (1.13%) UiPath
8 1 (0.38%) Facebook
8 1 (0.38%) Instagram
8 1 (0.38%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.38%) Sybase
8 1 (0.38%) Talend
8 1 (0.38%) VMware