Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 606 567 668
Rank change year-on-year -39 +101 +121
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 506 750 612
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.46% 0.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.98% 1.15% 0.85%
Number of salaries quoted 393 624 518
UK median annual salary £67,500 £70,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.57% +12.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £42,100 £43,750 £40,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £128,750 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,750 £55,000 £68,500
% change year-on-year -2.27% -19.71% +52.22%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 51,837 64,961 72,264
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.00% 39.82% 40.16%
Number of salaries quoted 42,823 53,662 60,064
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +0.97%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -64 461 £67,500 -3.57% 58
London -24 324 £70,000 -9.68% 37
UK excluding London -25 166 £53,750 -2.27% 23
North of England +83 53 £42,500 -15.00% 2
South East -13 49 £60,000 +9.09% 3
Scotland +38 37 £52,500 +10.53% 1
North West +64 36 £50,000 - 2
East of England +16 19 £60,000 +4.35% 13
North East - 13 £39,087 -
South West +1 8 £50,000 +42.86% 2
Yorkshire +22 4 £80,000 +68.42%
Wales +5 2 £37,500 +8.70%
Midlands +23 1 £45,000 -14.29% 1
East Midlands +18 1 £45,000 +28.57%

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 412 (81.42%) Machine Learning
2 360 (71.15%) Python
3 326 (64.43%) Data Science
4 258 (50.99%) Artificial Intelligence
5 214 (42.29%) Analytics
6 171 (33.79%) SQL
7 148 (29.25%) Deep Learning
8 143 (28.26%) Agile Software Development
9 132 (26.09%) Algorithms
10 130 (25.69%) AWS
11 125 (24.70%) R
12 116 (22.92%) TensorFlow
13 115 (22.73%) Big Data
14 109 (21.54%) Degree
15 107 (21.15%) Statistics
16 104 (20.55%) Analytical Skills
17 103 (20.36%) Azure
18 102 (20.16%) Apache Spark
19 96 (18.97%) Software Engineering
20 95 (18.77%) Computer Science
21 94 (18.58%) Visualisation
22 92 (18.18%) scikit-learn
23 91 (17.98%) Finance
24 88 (17.39%) Mathematics
25 85 (16.80%) JavaScript
26 83 (16.40%) Java
26 83 (16.40%) Data Analytics
27 77 (15.22%) GCP
27 77 (15.22%) Hadoop
28 73 (14.43%) PhD

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (20.16%) Apache Spark
2 56 (11.07%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (4.55%) Jupyter
4 18 (3.56%) SAS
5 9 (1.78%) Apache
5 9 (1.78%) Apache Solr
6 5 (0.99%) Tornado
7 4 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
8 3 (0.59%) DNN
9 2 (0.40%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.20%) IPython
10 1 (0.20%) OpenStack
Applications
1 17 (3.36%) Chatbot
2 13 (2.57%) SPSS
3 5 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.59%) Stata
5 2 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.40%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.20%) InVision
6 1 (0.20%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.20%) Sketch
Cloud Services
1 130 (25.69%) AWS
2 103 (20.36%) Azure
3 77 (15.22%) GCP
4 31 (6.13%) Power Platform
5 26 (5.14%) Amazon SageMaker
6 16 (3.16%) Amazon ECS
6 16 (3.16%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (2.77%) SaaS
8 13 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (2.57%) Serverless
9 12 (2.37%) Amazon S3
10 11 (2.17%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (1.38%) Azure Machine Learning
13 6 (1.19%) GitHub
14 5 (0.99%) Dialogflow
15 4 (0.79%) Amazon Kinesis
16 3 (0.59%) Google Analytics
17 2 (0.40%) Amazon Alexa
17 2 (0.40%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.37%) Wireless
2 7 (1.38%) VoIP
3 6 (1.19%) Internet
3 6 (1.19%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.99%) Firewall
5 4 (0.79%) SNA
6 3 (0.59%) LAN
6 3 (0.59%) SSL
7 2 (0.40%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.20%) Asterisk PBX
8 1 (0.20%) Broadband
8 1 (0.20%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (22.73%) Big Data
2 77 (15.22%) Hadoop
3 66 (13.04%) NoSQL
4 48 (9.49%) PostgreSQL
5 34 (6.72%) Neo4j
5 34 (6.72%) Text Mining
6 31 (6.13%) Power BI
7 28 (5.53%) Data Mining
8 18 (3.56%) BigQuery
9 17 (3.36%) MongoDB
10 16 (3.16%) Data Lake
11 11 (2.17%) Blockchain
11 11 (2.17%) Relational Database
12 10 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
13 9 (1.78%) Cosmos DB
14 8 (1.58%) Apache Hive
14 8 (1.58%) SQL Server
15 7 (1.38%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (1.38%) Apache Accumulo
16 6 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 45 (8.89%) Git (software)
2 28 (5.53%) Jenkins
3 16 (3.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 16 (3.16%) Vagrant
4 6 (1.19%) GitLab
4 6 (1.19%) PhantomJS
4 6 (1.19%) WebDriver
5 5 (0.99%) CircleCI
5 5 (0.99%) Maven
6 4 (0.79%) Gradle
7 1 (0.20%) Grunt
7 1 (0.20%) gulp
7 1 (0.20%) Hudson
7 1 (0.20%) JUnit
7 1 (0.20%) SonarQube
7 1 (0.20%) Subversion
7 1 (0.20%) webpack
General
1 91 (17.98%) Finance
2 33 (6.52%) Banking
2 33 (6.52%) Retail
3 27 (5.34%) Marketing
4 26 (5.14%) Manufacturing
5 18 (3.56%) Legal
6 17 (3.36%) Law
7 15 (2.96%) Telecoms
8 13 (2.57%) Financial Institution
8 13 (2.57%) Public Sector
9 12 (2.37%) Games
10 10 (1.98%) Automotive
11 7 (1.38%) Front Office
12 6 (1.19%) Aerospace
12 6 (1.19%) Publishing
12 6 (1.19%) Retail Banking
13 5 (0.99%) Military
14 4 (0.79%) Advertising
15 3 (0.59%) Electronics
15 3 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 197 (38.93%) Data Scientist
2 87 (17.19%) Senior Data Scientist
3 58 (11.46%) Developer
4 45 (8.89%) Software Engineer
5 38 (7.51%) Consultant
6 32 (6.32%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 27 (5.34%) .NET Developer
7 27 (5.34%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 24 (4.74%) C# .NET Developer
8 24 (4.74%) C# Developer
8 24 (4.74%) Senior Software Engineer
9 18 (3.56%) Data Engineer
10 17 (3.36%) Architect
11 16 (3.16%) Analyst
12 15 (2.96%) Artificial Intelligence Engineer
13 13 (2.57%) Data Analyst
13 13 (2.57%) Full Stack Developer
14 11 (2.17%) Automation Consultant
14 11 (2.17%) Java Engineer
15 10 (1.98%) Data Science Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (22.92%) TensorFlow
2 92 (18.18%) scikit-learn
3 47 (9.29%) .NET
3 47 (9.29%) Web Services
4 41 (8.10%) Pandas
5 40 (7.91%) React
6 37 (7.31%) Keras
7 30 (5.93%) NumPy
8 29 (5.73%) PyTorch
9 28 (5.53%) ASP.NET
9 28 (5.53%) HTML
10 27 (5.34%) CSS
10 27 (5.34%) Kafka
11 25 (4.94%) SpaCy
12 23 (4.55%) AngularJS
13 21 (4.15%) Node.js
14 20 (3.95%) ASP.NET MVC
15 19 (3.75%) MXNet
15 19 (3.75%) Spark Streaming
16 17 (3.36%) Dask
Miscellaneous
1 132 (26.09%) Algorithms
2 104 (20.55%) Analytical Skills
3 35 (6.92%) Robotics
4 19 (3.75%) Enterprise Software
5 18 (3.56%) User Experience
6 15 (2.96%) Blog
7 13 (2.57%) Data Structures
8 12 (2.37%) Smartphone
9 11 (2.17%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.17%) Social Media
10 10 (1.98%) BYOD
11 9 (1.78%) Credit Risk
11 9 (1.78%) Management Information System
11 9 (1.78%) Public Cloud
12 8 (1.58%) Acoustics
12 8 (1.58%) Cloud Native
12 8 (1.58%) Social Network
13 7 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
14 6 (1.19%) BBC
15 4 (0.79%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 49 (9.68%) Linux
2 25 (4.94%) Unix
3 20 (3.95%) Windows
4 10 (1.98%) Android
5 6 (1.19%) Mac OS
6 4 (0.79%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.40%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.20%) CentOS
8 1 (0.20%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 412 (81.42%) Machine Learning
2 326 (64.43%) Data Science
3 258 (50.99%) Artificial Intelligence
4 214 (42.29%) Analytics
5 148 (29.25%) Deep Learning
6 143 (28.26%) Agile Software Development
7 107 (21.15%) Statistics
8 96 (18.97%) Software Engineering
9 95 (18.77%) Computer Science
10 94 (18.58%) Visualisation
11 88 (17.39%) Mathematics
12 83 (16.40%) Data Analytics
13 68 (13.44%) Computer Vision
14 67 (13.24%) Problem-Solving
15 63 (12.45%) Neural Network
16 57 (11.26%) Data Visualisation
17 53 (10.47%) Mentoring
18 50 (9.88%) DevOps
19 45 (8.89%) Fintech
20 41 (8.10%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 360 (71.15%) Python
2 171 (33.79%) SQL
3 125 (24.70%) R
4 85 (16.80%) JavaScript
5 83 (16.40%) Java
6 51 (10.08%) C#
7 37 (7.31%) C++
8 33 (6.52%) MATLAB
9 21 (4.15%) Bash Shell
10 19 (3.75%) Scala
11 17 (3.36%) Go
12 10 (1.98%) Perl
12 10 (1.98%) VB
13 8 (1.58%) C
13 8 (1.58%) Ruby
13 8 (1.58%) TypeScript
14 7 (1.38%) SPARQL
15 6 (1.19%) Objective-C
16 5 (0.99%) PHP
16 5 (0.99%) XPath
Qualifications
1 109 (21.54%) Degree
2 73 (14.43%) PhD
3 19 (3.75%) Master's Degree
4 17 (3.36%) Security Cleared
5 13 (2.57%) DV Cleared
5 13 (2.57%) SC Cleared
6 12 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.38%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.79%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.79%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.17%) QA
2 5 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.59%) SLA
4 2 (0.40%) HIPAA
4 2 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.20%) EMIR
5 1 (0.20%) MiFID
System Software
1 64 (12.65%) Docker
2 16 (3.16%) IAG
2 16 (3.16%) VirtualBox
3 7 (1.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.40%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.20%) HDFS
5 1 (0.20%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 53 (10.47%) Kubernetes
2 35 (6.92%) Terraform
3 32 (6.32%) Ansible
4 18 (3.56%) Docker Swarm
5 9 (1.78%) Puppet
6 7 (1.38%) Salt
7 6 (1.19%) Kibana
7 6 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.20%) logstash
10 1 (0.20%) Oozie
10 1 (0.20%) Packer
Vendors
1 51 (10.08%) Google
2 30 (5.93%) Tableau
3 22 (4.35%) Databricks
4 20 (3.95%) Microsoft
5 19 (3.75%) Cloudera
5 19 (3.75%) Dataiku
5 19 (3.75%) Hortonworks
6 14 (2.77%) Salesforce.com
7 12 (2.37%) Adobe
8 11 (2.17%) IBM
9 8 (1.58%) Oracle
10 6 (1.19%) Sencha
11 3 (0.59%) Blue Prism
11 3 (0.59%) Facebook
11 3 (0.59%) ServiceNow
11 3 (0.59%) Twitter
11 3 (0.59%) UiPath
12 2 (0.40%) Apple
12 2 (0.40%) Pega
13 1 (0.20%) EXASOL