Period
to 14 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 14 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 509 630 565
Rank change year-on-year +121 -65 +164
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 278 546 796
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.38% 0.47%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.08% 1.02% 1.17%
Number of salaries quoted 237 421 702
Median annual salary £72,500 £68,300 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.15% +1.19% -
10th Percentile £42,200 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £155,500 £95,000 £112,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £54,750 £55,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -0.45% -8.33% -

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,762 53,404 68,142
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 37.56% 40.18%
Number of salaries quoted 21,336 43,983 56,561
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 14 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +144 269 £75,000 +7.14% 38
London +83 206 £82,500 +17.86% 27
UK excluding London +193 67 £54,750 -0.45% 12
South East +178 22 £68,750 +18.03% 2
Midlands +132 19 £52,500 -27.59% 2
West Midlands +105 19 £52,500 -27.59% 2
Work from Home +52 14 £63,750 +10.87% 5
South West +100 8 £70,000 +13.57% 1
East of England +111 7 £47,500 -13.64% 3
Scotland +64 4 £37,500 -25.00% 1
Northern Ireland - 3 £42,000 -
North of England +134 2 £42,500 -13.27% 3
North West +98 2 £42,500 -2.86% 2
Wales +37 2 £44,379 +18.34%

For the 6 months to 14 August 2020, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 223 (80.22%) Machine Learning
2 175 (62.95%) Python
3 163 (58.63%) Artificial Intelligence
4 132 (47.48%) Data Science
5 94 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
6 86 (30.94%) Degree
6 86 (30.94%) AWS
7 73 (26.26%) Big Data
7 73 (26.26%) Analytics
8 69 (24.82%) Java
9 67 (24.10%) Finance
10 66 (23.74%) Mathematics
11 65 (23.38%) Deep Learning
12 64 (23.02%) Neural Network
13 60 (21.58%) TensorFlow
14 58 (20.86%) JavaScript
14 58 (20.86%) Hadoop
15 55 (19.78%) Apache Spark
16 52 (18.71%) Algorithms
17 49 (17.63%) scikit-learn
17 49 (17.63%) Computer Science
18 48 (17.27%) Azure
18 48 (17.27%) SQL
19 47 (16.91%) R
19 47 (16.91%) Statistics
20 46 (16.55%) Docker
20 46 (16.55%) Conversational UI
21 45 (16.19%) Kubernetes
21 45 (16.19%) Microservices
21 45 (16.19%) Software Engineering

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (19.78%) Apache Spark
2 17 (6.12%) SAS
3 16 (5.76%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (4.68%) Jupyter
5 7 (2.52%) Apache Solr
6 5 (1.80%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.08%) Apache
7 3 (1.08%) IBM Domino
7 3 (1.08%) IIS
8 2 (0.72%) Confluence
9 1 (0.36%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.36%) SharePoint
Applications
1 44 (15.83%) Chatbot
2 7 (2.52%) S-PLUS
3 3 (1.08%) SPSS
4 1 (0.36%) Gephi
4 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.36%) Stata
Cloud Services
1 86 (30.94%) AWS
2 48 (17.27%) Azure
3 41 (14.75%) GCP
4 17 (6.12%) Power Platform
5 12 (4.32%) SaaS
6 11 (3.96%) Cloud Computing
7 9 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (3.24%) IBM Cloud
8 4 (1.44%) Amazon S3
8 4 (1.44%) Amazon SageMaker
8 4 (1.44%) OpenShift
8 4 (1.44%) Serverless
9 3 (1.08%) G Suite
9 3 (1.08%) IaaS
9 3 (1.08%) PaaS
10 2 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.72%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.72%) AWS Data Pipeline
10 2 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 1 (0.36%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.16%) 5G
2 3 (1.08%) Internet
2 3 (1.08%) SSL
3 2 (0.72%) DMZ
4 1 (0.36%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (26.26%) Big Data
2 58 (20.86%) Hadoop
3 37 (13.31%) Data Mining
4 22 (7.91%) MongoDB
5 20 (7.19%) Flink
6 18 (6.47%) NoSQL
7 17 (6.12%) Power BI
8 16 (5.76%) PostgreSQL
8 16 (5.76%) SQL Server
9 13 (4.68%) Neo4j
10 12 (4.32%) Relational Database
11 11 (3.96%) BigQuery
12 9 (3.24%) RDBMS
13 7 (2.52%) Apache Accumulo
13 7 (2.52%) Apache Hive
14 6 (2.16%) Impala
15 4 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
15 4 (1.44%) Geospatial Data
15 4 (1.44%) GIS
15 4 (1.44%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 18 (6.47%) CircleCI
1 18 (6.47%) Git (software)
1 18 (6.47%) Mocha
2 15 (5.40%) Jenkins
3 8 (2.88%) JIRA
4 5 (1.80%) Appium
4 5 (1.80%) MLflow
4 5 (1.80%) Spock
5 3 (1.08%) Cucumber
6 2 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (0.72%) gulp
6 2 (0.72%) Vagrant
7 1 (0.36%) ANTLR
7 1 (0.36%) Bitbucket
7 1 (0.36%) Flyway
7 1 (0.36%) Liquibase
7 1 (0.36%) Octopus Deploy
7 1 (0.36%) Selenium
7 1 (0.36%) TeamCity
7 1 (0.36%) Travis CI
General
1 67 (24.10%) Finance
2 16 (5.76%) Retail
3 10 (3.60%) Banking
4 8 (2.88%) Games
4 8 (2.88%) Manufacturing
5 6 (2.16%) Financial Institution
5 6 (2.16%) Law
5 6 (2.16%) Marketing
5 6 (2.16%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.80%) Aerospace
6 5 (1.80%) Legal
7 3 (1.08%) Advertising
7 3 (1.08%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.72%) Local Government
8 2 (0.72%) Military
8 2 (0.72%) Police
9 1 (0.36%) Greek Language
9 1 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 68 (24.46%) Data Scientist
2 39 (14.03%) Data Engineer
3 35 (12.59%) Developer
4 30 (10.79%) Senior Data Scientist
5 25 (8.99%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 24 (8.63%) Python Engineer
7 18 (6.47%) JavaScript Engineer
8 13 (4.68%) Architect
8 13 (4.68%) Python Developer
8 13 (4.68%) Senior Data Engineer
8 13 (4.68%) Software Engineer
8 13 (4.68%) Solutions Architect
9 11 (3.96%) Full Stack Developer
9 11 (3.96%) JavaScript Developer
10 10 (3.60%) Data Manager
10 10 (3.60%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 10 (3.60%) Senior Manager
11 9 (3.24%) Analyst
11 9 (3.24%) Senior Developer
12 8 (2.88%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (21.58%) TensorFlow
2 49 (17.63%) scikit-learn
3 42 (15.11%) Pandas
4 41 (14.75%) NumPy
5 38 (13.67%) Keras
6 37 (13.31%) PyTorch
7 32 (11.51%) Kafka
8 31 (11.15%) Node.js
8 31 (11.15%) React
9 29 (10.43%) Express
10 22 (7.91%) Redux
11 20 (7.19%) Sass
12 18 (6.47%) Enzyme
12 18 (6.47%) Jest
12 18 (6.47%) Next.js
12 18 (6.47%) SciPy
12 18 (6.47%) Semantic UI
13 17 (6.12%) AngularJS
13 17 (6.12%) SpaCy
14 16 (5.76%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 52 (18.71%) Algorithms
2 30 (10.79%) Analytical Skills
3 20 (7.19%) Equities
3 20 (7.19%) Hedge funds
3 20 (7.19%) Hybrid Cloud
4 15 (5.40%) Robotics
5 10 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
6 9 (3.24%) Mobile App
7 7 (2.52%) Data Structures
7 7 (2.52%) Management Information System
8 6 (2.16%) User Experience
9 5 (1.80%) FMCG
10 3 (1.08%) Industrial Internet of Things
10 3 (1.08%) Internet of Things
10 3 (1.08%) Life Science
10 3 (1.08%) N-Tier
10 3 (1.08%) Social Media
11 2 (0.72%) Acoustics
11 2 (0.72%) Blog
11 2 (0.72%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 16 (5.76%) Linux
2 7 (2.52%) Windows
3 6 (2.16%) Android
3 6 (2.16%) Apple iOS
4 3 (1.08%) Windows Server
4 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 223 (80.22%) Machine Learning
2 163 (58.63%) Artificial Intelligence
3 132 (47.48%) Data Science
4 94 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
5 73 (26.26%) Analytics
6 66 (23.74%) Mathematics
7 65 (23.38%) Deep Learning
8 64 (23.02%) Neural Network
9 49 (17.63%) Computer Science
10 47 (16.91%) Statistics
11 46 (16.55%) Conversational UI
12 45 (16.19%) Microservices
12 45 (16.19%) Software Engineering
13 41 (14.75%) DevOps
14 33 (11.87%) Computer Vision
14 33 (11.87%) Data Analytics
15 28 (10.07%) Mentoring
16 27 (9.71%) Technical Leadership
16 27 (9.71%) Visualisation
17 23 (8.27%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 175 (62.95%) Python
2 69 (24.82%) Java
3 58 (20.86%) JavaScript
4 48 (17.27%) SQL
5 47 (16.91%) R
6 22 (7.91%) C++
7 19 (6.83%) C#
7 19 (6.83%) Scala
8 17 (6.12%) MATLAB
9 16 (5.76%) Go
10 13 (4.68%) Bash Shell
11 12 (4.32%) C
12 5 (1.80%) Julia
13 4 (1.44%) Java 8
13 4 (1.44%) PowerShell
13 4 (1.44%) VBA
14 3 (1.08%) Google Apps Script
14 3 (1.08%) VB.NET
15 2 (0.72%) TypeScript
16 1 (0.36%) Rust
Qualifications
1 86 (30.94%) Degree
2 35 (12.59%) PhD
3 33 (11.87%) Computer Science Degree
4 22 (7.91%) Security Cleared
5 16 (5.76%) DV Cleared
5 16 (5.76%) SC Cleared
6 14 (5.04%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.72%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.36%) CISM
8 1 (0.36%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (4.32%) QA
2 3 (1.08%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
3 1 (0.36%) NIST
3 1 (0.36%) SLA
System Software
1 46 (16.55%) Docker
2 7 (2.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (1.08%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 45 (16.19%) Kubernetes
2 12 (4.32%) Ansible
3 10 (3.60%) Puppet
4 7 (2.52%) Salt
5 4 (1.44%) Terraform
6 3 (1.08%) Kibana
6 3 (1.08%) Kubeflow
7 2 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 22 (7.91%) Tableau
2 15 (5.40%) Databricks
3 12 (4.32%) IBM
4 11 (3.96%) Microsoft
5 9 (3.24%) Google
6 7 (2.52%) Cloudera
6 7 (2.52%) Oracle
7 4 (1.44%) Alteryx
7 4 (1.44%) UiPath
8 3 (1.08%) Automation Anywhere
8 3 (1.08%) Blue Prism
9 2 (0.72%) Dataiku
9 2 (0.72%) Hortonworks
10 1 (0.36%) Informatica
10 1 (0.36%) RapidMiner
10 1 (0.36%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.36%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.36%) Sybase
10 1 (0.36%) Trillium
10 1 (0.36%) VMware