Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 550 548 591
Rank change year-on-year -2 +43 -12
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 318 494 624
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.44% 0.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.95% 1.11% 1.07%
Number of salaries quoted 239 365 519
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £47,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £48,750 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.57% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £93,125 £85,000 £88,688
90th Percentile £99,000 £95,750 £122,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,399 44,630 58,328
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.11% 39.45% 39.15%
Number of salaries quoted 26,900 37,064 48,226
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 301 £70,000 - 53
London +36 217 £75,000 - 30
UK excluding London +24 88 £55,000 - 25
Work from Home -103 44 £78,750 +28.57% 11
South West +26 34 £51,250 - 1
East of England +63 16 £52,500 -16.00% 4
Midlands +30 12 £57,500 - 3
West Midlands +18 10 £57,500 - 3
North of England +6 8 £55,000 +10.00% 7
South East +37 7 £70,000 +12.00% 8
Wales +42 6 £65,000 - 1
Scotland 0 5 £60,000 +45.68% 1
North West +20 4 £51,250 +2.50% 4
Yorkshire 0 4 £55,000 +15.79% 3
East Midlands - 2 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 240 (75.47%) Machine Learning
2 218 (68.55%) Python
3 189 (59.43%) Artificial Intelligence
4 170 (53.46%) Data Science
5 94 (29.56%) Analytics
6 93 (29.25%) Deep Learning
7 87 (27.36%) AWS
8 86 (27.04%) Agile Software Development
9 85 (26.73%) SQL
10 81 (25.47%) Algorithms
11 78 (24.53%) PhD
12 77 (24.21%) Mathematics
13 75 (23.58%) Degree
14 74 (23.27%) Azure
15 73 (22.96%) Docker
16 66 (20.75%) Computer Science
17 65 (20.44%) Neural Network
18 62 (19.50%) JavaScript
18 62 (19.50%) Kubernetes
19 61 (19.18%) TensorFlow
20 60 (18.87%) Finance
21 59 (18.55%) Software Engineering
22 55 (17.30%) Big Data
23 51 (16.04%) Statistics
24 50 (15.72%) R
25 45 (14.15%) Data Analytics
26 44 (13.84%) Apache Spark
27 43 (13.52%) DevOps
27 43 (13.52%) Visualisation
28 42 (13.21%) Mentoring

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (13.84%) Apache Spark
2 28 (8.81%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (2.83%) Apache Airflow
4 7 (2.20%) SAS
5 6 (1.89%) Confluence
6 5 (1.57%) Apache
7 4 (1.26%) ArcGIS
7 4 (1.26%) Jupyter
8 3 (0.94%) Gunicorn
9 2 (0.63%) nginx
9 2 (0.63%) WordPress
10 1 (0.31%) Luigi
Applications
1 14 (4.40%) Chatbot
2 13 (4.09%) Simulink
2 13 (4.09%) Stateflow
3 4 (1.26%) SPSS
4 2 (0.63%) InVision
4 2 (0.63%) Sketch
4 2 (0.63%) Zeplin
5 1 (0.31%) Gephi
5 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 87 (27.36%) AWS
2 74 (23.27%) Azure
3 36 (11.32%) GCP
4 12 (3.77%) Amazon SageMaker
5 10 (3.14%) SaaS
6 8 (2.52%) Power Platform
7 7 (2.20%) Amazon EC2
7 7 (2.20%) PaaS
8 6 (1.89%) Amazon EMR
9 5 (1.57%) Amazon S3
9 5 (1.57%) GitHub
10 3 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (0.94%) Azure Machine Learning
10 3 (0.94%) Serverless
11 2 (0.63%) Google Workspace
11 2 (0.63%) Matillion
12 1 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
12 1 (0.31%) Google Analytics
12 1 (0.31%) IBM Cloud
12 1 (0.31%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.94%) DNS
2 2 (0.63%) DSL
3 1 (0.31%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.31%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (17.30%) Big Data
2 34 (10.69%) Data Mining
3 26 (8.18%) SQL Server
4 25 (7.86%) Hadoop
4 25 (7.86%) PostgreSQL
4 25 (7.86%) Tableau
5 23 (7.23%) NoSQL
6 13 (4.09%) MySQL
7 12 (3.77%) SQL Server 2012
8 10 (3.14%) Neo4j
9 9 (2.83%) MongoDB
10 8 (2.52%) BigQuery
11 7 (2.20%) Flink
11 7 (2.20%) Relational Database
11 7 (2.20%) Text Mining
12 6 (1.89%) Amazon Redshift
13 5 (1.57%) RDBMS
14 4 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (1.26%) QlikView
14 4 (1.26%) Redis
Development Applications
1 18 (5.66%) JIRA
2 17 (5.35%) Git (software)
3 8 (2.52%) CircleCI
3 8 (2.52%) Mocha
4 6 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 6 (1.89%) Cucumber
5 3 (0.94%) Bitbucket
6 2 (0.63%) Jenkins
6 2 (0.63%) JSUnit
6 2 (0.63%) Vagrant
7 1 (0.31%) git-flow
7 1 (0.31%) Postman
7 1 (0.31%) RStudio
General
1 60 (18.87%) Finance
2 27 (8.49%) Games
3 17 (5.35%) Financial Institution
3 17 (5.35%) Retail
4 16 (5.03%) Legal
5 14 (4.40%) Banking
6 8 (2.52%) Marketing
7 7 (2.20%) Law
8 5 (1.57%) Public Sector
9 4 (1.26%) Front Office
9 4 (1.26%) Manufacturing
9 4 (1.26%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.63%) Advertising
10 2 (0.63%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.63%) Local Government
10 2 (0.63%) Russian Language
11 1 (0.31%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 104 (32.70%) Data Scientist
2 51 (16.04%) Developer
3 33 (10.38%) Senior Data Scientist
4 28 (8.81%) Machine Learning Engineer
5 24 (7.55%) Data Engineer
6 23 (7.23%) Software Engineer
7 17 (5.35%) Senior Developer
8 15 (4.72%) Full Stack Developer
8 15 (4.72%) Python Engineer
9 13 (4.09%) .NET Developer
9 13 (4.09%) Angular Developer
9 13 (4.09%) Data Analytics Engineer
9 13 (4.09%) Systems Engineer
10 11 (3.46%) Azure Developer
10 11 (3.46%) React Developer
11 10 (3.14%) Head of Data Science
12 8 (2.52%) JavaScript Engineer
12 8 (2.52%) Senior Full Stack Developer
12 8 (2.52%) Senior JavaScript Developer
12 8 (2.52%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (19.18%) TensorFlow
2 34 (10.69%) PyTorch
3 33 (10.38%) React
4 30 (9.43%) Kafka
5 29 (9.12%) NumPy
5 29 (9.12%) Pandas
6 27 (8.49%) scikit-learn
7 25 (7.86%) Node.js
8 24 (7.55%) .NET
8 24 (7.55%) CSS
8 24 (7.55%) REST
9 22 (6.92%) Web Services
10 20 (6.29%) AngularJS
11 15 (4.72%) Keras
12 14 (4.40%) Django
12 14 (4.40%) GraphQL
12 14 (4.40%) HTML
13 12 (3.77%) KnockoutJS
13 12 (3.77%) LESS
13 12 (3.77%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 81 (25.47%) Algorithms
2 30 (9.43%) Analytical Skills
3 21 (6.60%) User Experience
4 18 (5.66%) Robotics
5 17 (5.35%) Mobile App
6 15 (4.72%) Cyberattack
7 11 (3.46%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (3.14%) Equities
9 8 (2.52%) Hedge funds
9 8 (2.52%) Life Science
10 7 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
11 6 (1.89%) Augmented Reality
11 6 (1.89%) Social Media
12 5 (1.57%) Blog
12 5 (1.57%) Data Structures
12 5 (1.57%) Semantic Web
13 4 (1.26%) FMCG
13 4 (1.26%) Linked Data
13 4 (1.26%) Marketing Technology
14 3 (0.94%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 9 (2.83%) Linux
2 3 (0.94%) Android
3 2 (0.63%) Apple iOS
3 2 (0.63%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 240 (75.47%) Machine Learning
2 189 (59.43%) Artificial Intelligence
3 170 (53.46%) Data Science
4 94 (29.56%) Analytics
5 93 (29.25%) Deep Learning
6 86 (27.04%) Agile Software Development
7 77 (24.21%) Mathematics
8 66 (20.75%) Computer Science
9 65 (20.44%) Neural Network
10 59 (18.55%) Software Engineering
11 51 (16.04%) Statistics
12 45 (14.15%) Data Analytics
13 43 (13.52%) DevOps
13 43 (13.52%) Visualisation
14 42 (13.21%) Mentoring
14 42 (13.21%) Microservices
15 40 (12.58%) Data Engineering
16 37 (11.64%) Reinforcement Learning
17 36 (11.32%) Computer Vision
18 31 (9.75%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 218 (68.55%) Python
2 85 (26.73%) SQL
3 62 (19.50%) JavaScript
4 50 (15.72%) R
5 36 (11.32%) Java
6 23 (7.23%) C#
7 15 (4.72%) Go
8 14 (4.40%) MATLAB
9 13 (4.09%) TypeScript
10 12 (3.77%) C++
10 12 (3.77%) Scala
11 7 (2.20%) C
11 7 (2.20%) PHP
12 6 (1.89%) Julia
13 4 (1.26%) Kotlin
14 2 (0.63%) Bash Shell
14 2 (0.63%) Cython
14 2 (0.63%) Google Apps Script
14 2 (0.63%) VB.NET
14 2 (0.63%) VBA
Qualifications
1 78 (24.53%) PhD
2 75 (23.58%) Degree
3 20 (6.29%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (2.52%) Master's Degree
5 7 (2.20%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (2.20%) Security Cleared
6 5 (1.57%) SC Cleared
7 4 (1.26%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.63%) APMG
9 1 (0.31%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.72%) QA
2 3 (0.94%) GRC
System Software
1 73 (22.96%) Docker
2 2 (0.63%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.31%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 62 (19.50%) Kubernetes
2 14 (4.40%) Terraform
3 3 (0.94%) Docker Swarm
3 3 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (0.94%) Puppet
4 2 (0.63%) Ansible
4 2 (0.63%) Kibana
Vendors
1 27 (8.49%) Microsoft
2 14 (4.40%) Databricks
3 13 (4.09%) Google
4 6 (1.89%) Atlassian
5 5 (1.57%) Dataiku
6 4 (1.26%) Alteryx
6 4 (1.26%) Cloudera
6 4 (1.26%) UiPath
7 3 (0.94%) Blue Prism
7 3 (0.94%) Oracle
7 3 (0.94%) Talend
8 2 (0.63%) Automation Anywhere
8 2 (0.63%) Facebook
8 2 (0.63%) Hortonworks
8 2 (0.63%) IBM
8 2 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.31%) DataRobot
9 1 (0.31%) Instagram
9 1 (0.31%) Lets Encrypt
9 1 (0.31%) Xceptor