Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 558 643 824
Rank change year-on-year +85 +181 +161
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 753 635 436
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.35% 0.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.20% 0.88% 0.60%
Number of salaries quoted 622 533 380
UK median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +13.04% -4.17%
10th Percentile £46,500 £40,000 £34,500
90th Percentile £132,500 £96,250 £105,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £62,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year -12.00% +47.06% -12.82%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 62,954 71,903 72,977
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.47% 40.08% 39.18%
Number of salaries quoted 51,718 59,880 63,175
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +109 730 £70,000 +9.80% 73
London +67 514 £80,000 +23.08% 45
UK excluding London +165 228 £55,000 -12.00% 30
South East +44 97 £55,000 -21.43% 9
East of England +66 64 £57,500 -4.17% 11
Midlands +45 20 £52,500 +101.92% 1
North of England +35 19 £48,750 +11.43% 5
Scotland +16 16 £46,250 -57.95% 1
West Midlands +34 15 £52,500 -2.78% 1
North West +31 14 £50,000 +17.65% 2
South West +23 11 £35,000 -31.71% 2
Yorkshire +43 5 £47,500 -5.00%
East Midlands +20 5 £35,000 +55.56%
Wales +3 1 £34,500 -1.43%

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 629 (83.53%) Machine Learning
2 611 (81.14%) Python
3 439 (58.30%) Artificial Intelligence
4 379 (50.33%) Deep Learning
5 325 (43.16%) Data Science
6 302 (40.11%) PhD
7 268 (35.59%) Algorithms
8 256 (34.00%) TensorFlow
9 246 (32.67%) Java
10 220 (29.22%) Software Engineering
11 211 (28.02%) C++
12 208 (27.62%) Analytics
13 204 (27.09%) Computer Science
14 201 (26.69%) Bayesian Methods
15 192 (25.50%) Neural Network
16 189 (25.10%) Reinforcement Learning
17 183 (24.30%) Probabilistic Modelling
17 183 (24.30%) Mathematics
18 182 (24.17%) R
19 176 (23.37%) Statistics
20 170 (22.58%) Finance
21 150 (19.92%) Big Data
22 146 (19.39%) Apache Spark
23 137 (18.19%) SQL
24 136 (18.06%) C
24 136 (18.06%) Hadoop
25 135 (17.93%) C#
26 133 (17.66%) Degree
27 129 (17.13%) Visualisation
28 121 (16.07%) Multithreading

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (19.39%) Apache Spark
2 38 (5.05%) Elasticsearch
3 34 (4.52%) Apache
4 26 (3.45%) SAS
5 19 (2.52%) Jupyter
6 15 (1.99%) OpenStack
7 8 (1.06%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.93%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.80%) DNN
10 4 (0.53%) CMS
11 3 (0.40%) Apache Solr
12 2 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.27%) Appian
12 2 (0.27%) Tornado
13 1 (0.13%) ArcGIS
13 1 (0.13%) Mule
13 1 (0.13%) nginx
Applications
1 39 (5.18%) Chatbot
2 8 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.93%) SPSS
4 5 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.53%) GNU Octave
6 3 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.13%) Weka
Business Applications
1 3 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 100 (13.28%) Amazon AWS
2 77 (10.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 59 (7.84%) Google Cloud Platform
4 18 (2.39%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
5 16 (2.12%) Amazon SageMaker
5 16 (2.12%) Siri
6 12 (1.59%) Amazon Alexa
7 10 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (1.33%) Dialogflow
7 10 (1.33%) GitHub
8 7 (0.93%) SaaS
9 5 (0.66%) Serverless
10 4 (0.53%) Azure Machine Learning
10 4 (0.53%) npm
10 4 (0.53%) Wit.ai
11 3 (0.40%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.40%) IaaS
12 2 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.27%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.33%) Bluetooth
1 10 (1.33%) NFC
2 5 (0.66%) DAB
3 1 (0.13%) Firewall
3 1 (0.13%) HTTP
3 1 (0.13%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (19.92%) Big Data
2 136 (18.06%) Hadoop
3 62 (8.23%) NoSQL
4 48 (6.37%) Data Mining
5 47 (6.24%) Apache Hive
6 46 (6.11%) Text Mining
7 31 (4.12%) HBase
8 30 (3.98%) MongoDB
8 30 (3.98%) Neo4j
9 29 (3.85%) QlikView
10 25 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
11 18 (2.39%) Power BI
12 17 (2.26%) MySQL
13 16 (2.12%) Relational Database
14 15 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (1.99%) Impala
15 14 (1.86%) Blockchain
16 10 (1.33%) SQL Server
17 9 (1.20%) BigQuery
17 9 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 42 (5.58%) Git (software)
2 16 (2.12%) Jenkins
3 15 (1.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 15 (1.99%) Vagrant
4 6 (0.80%) GitLab
4 6 (0.80%) TeamCity
5 5 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
5 5 (0.66%) Subversion
6 4 (0.53%) Gradle
6 4 (0.53%) JUnit
6 4 (0.53%) Maven
6 4 (0.53%) Mercurial
7 3 (0.40%) JIRA
7 3 (0.40%) NUnit
8 1 (0.13%) Mockito
8 1 (0.13%) Redmine
8 1 (0.13%) Selenium
8 1 (0.13%) Spock
8 1 (0.13%) Visual Studio
8 1 (0.13%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 170 (22.58%) Finance
2 69 (9.16%) Publishing
3 53 (7.04%) Games
4 32 (4.25%) Retail
5 28 (3.72%) Banking
5 28 (3.72%) Law
6 27 (3.59%) Marketing
7 22 (2.92%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.73%) Investment Banking
8 13 (1.73%) Telecoms
9 11 (1.46%) Electronics
10 9 (1.20%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (1.06%) Legal
12 6 (0.80%) Automotive
13 5 (0.66%) Advertising
14 4 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.40%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.40%) Military
16 2 (0.27%) Front Office
17 1 (0.13%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 202 (26.83%) Data Scientist
2 157 (20.85%) Developer
3 98 (13.01%) Software Engineer
4 95 (12.62%) Machine Learning Researcher
5 94 (12.48%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 76 (10.09%) Senior Data Scientist
7 70 (9.30%) Python Engineer
8 58 (7.70%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 58 (7.70%) Software Developer
9 49 (6.51%) Architect
10 44 (5.84%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 43 (5.71%) Data Engineer
12 39 (5.18%) Python Developer
13 30 (3.98%) AWS Architect
13 30 (3.98%) Azure Architect
13 30 (3.98%) Cloud Architect
14 25 (3.32%) Python Software Engineer
14 25 (3.32%) Research Scientist
15 23 (3.05%) C++ Developer
15 23 (3.05%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (34.00%) TensorFlow
2 91 (12.08%) scikit-learn
3 70 (9.30%) Pandas
4 64 (8.50%) NumPy
5 62 (8.23%) Web Services
6 58 (7.70%) SciPy
7 49 (6.51%) React
8 38 (5.05%) HTML
9 37 (4.91%) AngularJS
10 33 (4.38%) RESTful
11 31 (4.12%) Django
12 29 (3.85%) Kafka
13 27 (3.59%) Node.js
14 26 (3.45%) REST
15 23 (3.05%) Theano
16 22 (2.92%) Keras
16 22 (2.92%) SpaCy
17 21 (2.79%) MLlib
17 21 (2.79%) PySpark
17 21 (2.79%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 268 (35.59%) Algorithms
2 80 (10.62%) Analytical Skills
3 45 (5.98%) Fintech
4 31 (4.12%) Public Cloud
5 30 (3.98%) Enterprise Cloud
5 30 (3.98%) Hedge funds
5 30 (3.98%) Social Media
6 25 (3.32%) Greenfield Project
7 24 (3.19%) Robotics
8 20 (2.66%) User Experience
9 19 (2.52%) Data Structures
10 17 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
10 17 (2.26%) Smart City
11 15 (1.99%) Hybrid Cloud
11 15 (1.99%) Private Cloud
12 13 (1.73%) Data Protection Act
13 11 (1.46%) Blog
13 11 (1.46%) Grid Computing
14 10 (1.33%) Management Information System
14 10 (1.33%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 53 (7.04%) Linux
2 19 (2.52%) Unix
3 9 (1.20%) Android
4 2 (0.27%) Apple iOS
4 2 (0.27%) CoreOS
4 2 (0.27%) Robot Operating System
4 2 (0.27%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 629 (83.53%) Machine Learning
2 439 (58.30%) Artificial Intelligence
3 379 (50.33%) Deep Learning
4 325 (43.16%) Data Science
5 220 (29.22%) Software Engineering
6 208 (27.62%) Analytics
7 204 (27.09%) Computer Science
8 201 (26.69%) Bayesian Methods
9 192 (25.50%) Neural Network
10 189 (25.10%) Reinforcement Learning
11 183 (24.30%) Mathematics
11 183 (24.30%) Probabilistic Modelling
12 176 (23.37%) Statistics
13 129 (17.13%) Visualisation
14 121 (16.07%) Multithreading
15 109 (14.48%) Distributed Algorithms
16 108 (14.34%) Agile Software Development
17 105 (13.94%) Computational Linguistics
18 99 (13.15%) Physics
19 96 (12.75%) Biology
Programming Languages
1 611 (81.14%) Python
2 246 (32.67%) Java
3 211 (28.02%) C++
4 182 (24.17%) R
5 137 (18.19%) SQL
6 136 (18.06%) C
7 135 (17.93%) C#
8 87 (11.55%) JavaScript
9 61 (8.10%) Scala
10 42 (5.58%) MATLAB
11 16 (2.12%) Cython
12 15 (1.99%) Java 8
13 11 (1.46%) Julia
14 10 (1.33%) AspectJ
15 9 (1.20%) Clojure
16 7 (0.93%) Ruby
17 6 (0.80%) Shell Script
18 5 (0.66%) Bash Shell
18 5 (0.66%) Go
18 5 (0.66%) PHP
Qualifications
1 302 (40.11%) PhD
2 133 (17.66%) Degree
3 118 (15.67%) MPhil
4 38 (5.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (4.38%) MBA
6 25 (3.32%) Master's Degree
7 11 (1.46%) Numerate Degree
8 10 (1.33%) Security Cleared
9 3 (0.40%) SC Cleared
10 2 (0.27%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.13%) CEH
11 1 (0.13%) CFA
11 1 (0.13%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.13%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (2.12%) QA
2 15 (1.99%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.53%) GDPR
4 3 (0.40%) Solvency II
System Software
1 30 (3.98%) Docker
2 21 (2.79%) HDFS
3 16 (2.12%) VirtualBox
4 15 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.93%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.53%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.13%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 28 (3.72%) Kubernetes
2 21 (2.79%) Ansible
3 18 (2.39%) Terraform
4 15 (1.99%) Docker Swarm
5 12 (1.59%) logstash
6 11 (1.46%) Kibana
7 3 (0.40%) Salt
8 2 (0.27%) Mesos
8 2 (0.27%) Oozie
8 2 (0.27%) Puppet
9 1 (0.13%) Ambari
9 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 89 (11.82%) Google
2 80 (10.62%) Tableau
3 31 (4.12%) IBM
4 30 (3.98%) Salesforce.com
5 18 (2.39%) Microsoft
6 16 (2.12%) Databricks
6 16 (2.12%) Hortonworks
7 15 (1.99%) Cloudera
7 15 (1.99%) Dataiku
7 15 (1.99%) VMware
8 13 (1.73%) Apple
9 12 (1.59%) SAP
10 9 (1.20%) Oracle
11 6 (0.80%) Xceptor
12 5 (0.66%) Twitter
13 3 (0.40%) RapidMiner
14 2 (0.27%) Alteryx
14 2 (0.27%) Facebook
14 2 (0.27%) Pega
14 2 (0.27%) Splunk