Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 493 589 570
Rank change year-on-year +96 -19 +66
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 299 506 707
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.40% 0.47%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.09% 1.03% 1.18%
Number of salaries quoted 271 404 613
Median annual salary £72,500 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.54% -7.14% +12.00%
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,400 £46,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £128,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -11.29%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,438 49,014 60,104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.85% 38.87% 39.58%
Number of salaries quoted 23,230 40,610 49,776
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.53% +3.33% +5.88%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +85 286 £75,000 +11.11% 68
London +117 215 £76,000 +8.57% 52
UK excluding London +89 74 £52,500 -4.55% 15
Work from Home -46 35 £80,000 +45.45% 16
South West +82 27 £47,500 -5.00% 1
South East +112 13 £70,000 +27.27%
East of England +97 10 £52,500 -16.00% 7
Midlands +84 8 £45,000 -33.33% 1
West Midlands +64 6 £45,000 -40.00% 1
Wales +54 6 £65,000 -
North of England +27 6 £40,000 -20.00% 6
Scotland +34 4 £70,000 +33.33%
North East +10 3 £40,000 +2.34%
East Midlands +58 2 £65,000 +44.44%
North West +47 2 £52,500 +5.00% 5
Yorkshire +32 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 233 (77.93%) Machine Learning
2 208 (69.57%) Python
3 160 (53.51%) Artificial Intelligence
4 157 (52.51%) Data Science
5 107 (35.79%) Agile Software Development
6 92 (30.77%) Analytics
7 85 (28.43%) Deep Learning
8 83 (27.76%) AWS
9 78 (26.09%) Azure
10 76 (25.42%) SQL
11 71 (23.75%) Finance
12 65 (21.74%) JavaScript
12 65 (21.74%) Algorithms
13 62 (20.74%) Big Data
13 62 (20.74%) Degree
14 61 (20.40%) Neural Network
15 60 (20.07%) Mathematics
16 57 (19.06%) Computer Science
17 55 (18.39%) Software Engineering
17 55 (18.39%) Visualisation
18 54 (18.06%) TensorFlow
19 52 (17.39%) Java
20 49 (16.39%) R
21 48 (16.05%) PhD
22 44 (14.72%) DevOps
23 42 (14.05%) Microservices
23 42 (14.05%) Statistics
24 40 (13.38%) Docker
24 40 (13.38%) Data Visualisation
25 39 (13.04%) Data Analytics

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (10.70%) Apache Spark
2 11 (3.68%) SAS
3 9 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (2.68%) ArcGIS
5 6 (2.01%) Jupyter
6 5 (1.67%) Confluence
6 5 (1.67%) nginx
7 2 (0.67%) Apache
8 1 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.33%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 27 (9.03%) Chatbot
2 9 (3.01%) SPSS
3 5 (1.67%) Simulink
3 5 (1.67%) Stateflow
4 1 (0.33%) InVision
4 1 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.33%) Sketch
4 1 (0.33%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 1 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 83 (27.76%) AWS
2 78 (26.09%) Azure
3 32 (10.70%) GCP
4 22 (7.36%) Power Platform
5 13 (4.35%) Amazon SageMaker
6 10 (3.34%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (3.34%) SaaS
7 7 (2.34%) Amazon S3
7 7 (2.34%) AWS CloudFormation
7 7 (2.34%) OpenShift
8 6 (2.01%) IBM Cloud
9 5 (1.67%) PaaS
10 3 (1.00%) Azure Machine Learning
11 2 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.67%) Serverless
12 1 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
12 1 (0.33%) Azure Active Directory
12 1 (0.33%) Data Lake Analytics
12 1 (0.33%) G Suite
12 1 (0.33%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.00%) 5G
2 1 (0.33%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (20.74%) Big Data
2 28 (9.36%) Tableau
3 25 (8.36%) Data Mining
3 25 (8.36%) MongoDB
3 25 (8.36%) SQL Server
4 24 (8.03%) Hadoop
5 21 (7.02%) Power BI
6 16 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
6 16 (5.35%) Relational Database
7 15 (5.02%) NoSQL
8 10 (3.34%) Text Mining
9 9 (3.01%) Amazon Redshift
9 9 (3.01%) RDBMS
10 8 (2.68%) SQL Server 2012
11 7 (2.34%) MySQL
12 6 (2.01%) Amazon QuickSight
12 6 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
13 5 (1.67%) Neo4j
14 3 (1.00%) Apache Hive
14 3 (1.00%) Impala
Development Applications
1 19 (6.35%) JIRA
2 18 (6.02%) Git (software)
3 13 (4.35%) CircleCI
3 13 (4.35%) Mocha
4 5 (1.67%) Appium
4 5 (1.67%) git-flow
4 5 (1.67%) Spock
5 2 (0.67%) Selenium
5 2 (0.67%) WebDriver
6 1 (0.33%) Bitbucket
6 1 (0.33%) Cypress.io
6 1 (0.33%) ER Studio
6 1 (0.33%) ERwin
6 1 (0.33%) Jenkins
6 1 (0.33%) MSTest
6 1 (0.33%) Postman
6 1 (0.33%) RStudio
6 1 (0.33%) SpecFlow
6 1 (0.33%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.33%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 71 (23.75%) Finance
2 16 (5.35%) Marketing
3 13 (4.35%) Banking
3 13 (4.35%) Games
3 13 (4.35%) Retail
4 9 (3.01%) Legal
4 9 (3.01%) Manufacturing
5 8 (2.68%) Financial Institution
6 6 (2.01%) Local Government
7 5 (1.67%) Law
7 5 (1.67%) Pharmaceutical
7 5 (1.67%) Telecoms
8 4 (1.34%) Advertising
8 4 (1.34%) Front Office
8 4 (1.34%) Public Sector
9 1 (0.33%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.33%) Norwegian Language
Job Titles
1 87 (29.10%) Data Scientist
2 45 (15.05%) Developer
3 29 (9.70%) Machine Learning Engineer
3 29 (9.70%) Senior Data Scientist
4 28 (9.36%) Data Engineer
5 20 (6.69%) Full Stack Developer
5 20 (6.69%) Software Engineer
6 17 (5.69%) Python Engineer
7 15 (5.02%) Head of Data Science
8 14 (4.68%) JavaScript Engineer
9 13 (4.35%) Senior Developer
10 12 (4.01%) Data Analytics Engineer
10 12 (4.01%) Scala Engineer
11 9 (3.01%) .NET Developer
11 9 (3.01%) Angular Developer
11 9 (3.01%) Data Manager
11 9 (3.01%) Data Science Manager
11 9 (3.01%) Lead Developer
11 9 (3.01%) Senior Full Stack Developer
12 8 (2.68%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (18.06%) TensorFlow
2 32 (10.70%) Node.js
3 29 (9.70%) PyTorch
4 28 (9.36%) Pandas
4 28 (9.36%) scikit-learn
5 27 (9.03%) REST
6 26 (8.70%) React
7 25 (8.36%) Express
8 24 (8.03%) NumPy
9 23 (7.69%) AngularJS
9 23 (7.69%) Redux
10 18 (6.02%) Jest
10 18 (6.02%) Web Services
11 17 (5.69%) CSS
11 17 (5.69%) Keras
12 14 (4.68%) Next.js
13 13 (4.35%) Enzyme
13 13 (4.35%) Sass
13 13 (4.35%) Semantic UI
14 12 (4.01%) Matplotlib
Miscellaneous
1 65 (21.74%) Algorithms
2 38 (12.71%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (7.69%) Mobile App
4 18 (6.02%) Self-Motivation
5 17 (5.69%) User Experience
6 15 (5.02%) Data Structures
7 13 (4.35%) Life Science
7 13 (4.35%) Robotics
8 8 (2.68%) Augmented Reality
8 8 (2.68%) Cyberattack
8 8 (2.68%) Linked Data
8 8 (2.68%) Semantic Web
9 7 (2.34%) FMCG
10 4 (1.34%) Fixed Income
10 4 (1.34%) Social Media
11 3 (1.00%) Equities
11 3 (1.00%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (1.00%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 2 (0.67%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 22 (7.36%) Linux
2 6 (2.01%) Android
2 6 (2.01%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.33%) Unix
3 1 (0.33%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (77.93%) Machine Learning
2 160 (53.51%) Artificial Intelligence
3 157 (52.51%) Data Science
4 107 (35.79%) Agile Software Development
5 92 (30.77%) Analytics
6 85 (28.43%) Deep Learning
7 61 (20.40%) Neural Network
8 60 (20.07%) Mathematics
9 57 (19.06%) Computer Science
10 55 (18.39%) Software Engineering
10 55 (18.39%) Visualisation
11 44 (14.72%) DevOps
12 42 (14.05%) Microservices
12 42 (14.05%) Statistics
13 40 (13.38%) Data Visualisation
14 39 (13.04%) Data Analytics
14 39 (13.04%) TDD
15 37 (12.37%) Fintech
16 32 (10.70%) Data Engineering
17 31 (10.37%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 208 (69.57%) Python
2 76 (25.42%) SQL
3 65 (21.74%) JavaScript
4 52 (17.39%) Java
5 49 (16.39%) R
6 21 (7.02%) TypeScript
7 20 (6.69%) Scala
8 18 (6.02%) C#
9 14 (4.68%) Bash Shell
10 13 (4.35%) C
11 11 (3.68%) C++
12 10 (3.34%) Go
12 10 (3.34%) MATLAB
13 5 (1.67%) PHP
14 3 (1.00%) Julia
14 3 (1.00%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.67%) VB.NET
16 1 (0.33%) Cython
16 1 (0.33%) Google Apps Script
16 1 (0.33%) VBA
Qualifications
1 62 (20.74%) Degree
2 48 (16.05%) PhD
3 18 (6.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (3.68%) Security Cleared
5 9 (3.01%) DV Cleared
5 9 (3.01%) Master's Degree
5 9 (3.01%) SC Cleared
6 7 (2.34%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (1.00%) CEH
7 3 (1.00%) CISM
7 3 (1.00%) CISSP
8 1 (0.33%) APMG
8 1 (0.33%) CISA
8 1 (0.33%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (5.35%) QA
2 2 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
2 2 (0.67%) NIST
3 1 (0.33%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.33%) MiFID
System Software
1 40 (13.38%) Docker
2 1 (0.33%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 38 (12.71%) Kubernetes
2 5 (1.67%) Terraform
3 1 (0.33%) Mesos
Vendors
1 22 (7.36%) Databricks
2 18 (6.02%) Microsoft
3 10 (3.34%) Google
4 7 (2.34%) Alteryx
4 7 (2.34%) Cloudera
5 6 (2.01%) IBM
5 6 (2.01%) Oracle
6 5 (1.67%) Atlassian
7 4 (1.34%) Dataiku
8 3 (1.00%) Talend
9 2 (0.67%) Blue Prism
9 2 (0.67%) Facebook
9 2 (0.67%) Instagram
9 2 (0.67%) UiPath
10 1 (0.33%) Automation Anywhere
10 1 (0.33%) MEDITECH