Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 468 553 523
Rank change year-on-year +85 -30 +116
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 1,219 550 278
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.48% 0.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.76% 0.51% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 365 228 228
10th Percentile £49,950 £42,125 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £50,000 £54,688
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £67,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.41% -10.00% +9.81%
75th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £91,563
90th Percentile £106,250 £97,500 £169,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £56,250
% change year-on-year +9.09% -2.22% +2.27%

Natural Language Processing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 160,204 108,315 57,920
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.77% 94.09% 93.13%
Number of salaries quoted 83,315 73,224 47,036
10th Percentile £34,250 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,756 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.61% +1.37% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,290 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 15 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +85 1,031 £75,000 +11.11% 37
London +18 697 £80,000 +6.67% 28
Work from Home -10 452 £72,500 +20.83% 16
UK excluding London +64 338 £60,000 +9.09% 10
East of England +18 136 £55,000 +66.67% 3
South East +29 94 £60,000 +20.00% 2
South West -16 47 £60,000 +26.32%
North of England -52 23 £62,500 +13.64% 3
Midlands -47 21 £56,750 -1.30% 1
West Midlands -39 17 £53,500 -6.96% 1
Wales 0 16 £62,000 +45.88%
North West -55 16 £60,000 -20.00% 3
Yorkshire -16 7 £73,346 +54.41%
East Midlands -32 4 £80,000 -
Scotland -35 4 £120,000 +113.33% 1

For the 6 months to 15 August 2022, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 942 (77.28%) Python
2 790 (64.81%) Machine Learning
3 688 (56.44%) Data Science
4 671 (55.05%) Artificial Intelligence
5 538 (44.13%) Agile
5 538 (44.13%) AWS
6 519 (42.58%) Algorithms
7 490 (40.20%) Software Engineering
8 431 (35.36%) Degree
9 421 (34.54%) Java
10 416 (34.13%) Computer Science
11 392 (32.16%) React
12 362 (29.70%) GCP
13 360 (29.53%) JavaScript
14 326 (26.74%) CI/CD
15 322 (26.42%) DevOps
16 317 (26.00%) SQL
16 317 (26.00%) Finance
17 310 (25.43%) Social Skills
18 303 (24.86%) Analytics
19 268 (21.99%) Data Engineering
20 257 (21.08%) Computer Science Degree
21 255 (20.92%) Serverless
22 249 (20.43%) TDD
23 246 (20.18%) Deep Learning
24 245 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
24 245 (20.10%) C#
25 236 (19.36%) C++
26 232 (19.03%) HTML
27 231 (18.95%) C

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 167 (13.70%) Apache Spark
2 38 (3.12%) Apache Airflow
3 34 (2.79%) Apache
4 29 (2.38%) Jupyter
5 17 (1.39%) Confluence
6 16 (1.31%) SAS
7 11 (0.90%) Apache Synapse
8 7 (0.57%) Apache Solr
9 5 (0.41%) Luigi
10 4 (0.33%) nginx
10 4 (0.33%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.25%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.082%) ArcGIS
12 1 (0.082%) CMS
12 1 (0.082%) Ethereum
12 1 (0.082%) GemFire
12 1 (0.082%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 22 (1.80%) InVision
1 22 (1.80%) Sketch
2 18 (1.48%) Adobe XD
3 11 (0.90%) Chatbot
4 10 (0.82%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
6 7 (0.57%) Simulink
6 7 (0.57%) Stateflow
7 6 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.33%) SPSS
9 2 (0.16%) Blender
9 2 (0.16%) Maya
10 1 (0.082%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.082%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.082%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.33%) Magento
1 4 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
1 4 (0.33%) Shopify
2 2 (0.16%) Relativity
3 1 (0.082%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 538 (44.13%) AWS
2 362 (29.70%) GCP
3 255 (20.92%) Serverless
4 225 (18.46%) Azure
5 90 (7.38%) GitHub
6 59 (4.84%) SaaS
7 56 (4.59%) Amazon SageMaker
8 48 (3.94%) Cloud Computing
9 45 (3.69%) Power Platform
10 43 (3.53%) Azure Machine Learning
11 41 (3.36%) Amazon S3
12 31 (2.54%) AWS Lambda
13 30 (2.46%) Azure DevOps
14 25 (2.05%) Figma
15 24 (1.97%) Slack
16 22 (1.80%) PaaS
17 20 (1.64%) Amazon EMR
17 20 (1.64%) Azure Synapse Analytics
18 19 (1.56%) AWS Step Functions
18 19 (1.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.46%) Internet
2 11 (0.90%) VoIP
2 11 (0.90%) VPN
3 4 (0.33%) AMQP
3 4 (0.33%) DSL
3 4 (0.33%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
3 4 (0.33%) SSL
4 3 (0.25%) Remote Desktop
5 2 (0.16%) HTTP
6 1 (0.082%) CTI
6 1 (0.082%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (10.91%) Big Data
2 117 (9.60%) NoSQL
3 79 (6.48%) Data Mining
4 76 (6.23%) MongoDB
5 69 (5.66%) Elasticsearch
6 63 (5.17%) Hadoop
7 58 (4.76%) PostgreSQL
7 58 (4.76%) Relational Database
8 51 (4.18%) Data Warehouse
9 45 (3.69%) Power BI
10 44 (3.61%) MySQL
11 41 (3.36%) Text Mining
12 40 (3.28%) Data Lake
13 38 (3.12%) Tableau
14 23 (1.89%) GIS
15 22 (1.80%) Redis
15 22 (1.80%) SQL Server
16 21 (1.72%) Neo4j
17 16 (1.31%) Amazon Athena
17 16 (1.31%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 228 (18.70%) JIRA
2 215 (17.64%) Jenkins
3 118 (9.68%) Git (software)
4 23 (1.89%) Cypress.io
5 21 (1.72%) Selenium
6 18 (1.48%) MLflow
7 16 (1.31%) Subversion
8 11 (0.90%) CircleCI
9 10 (0.82%) JMeter
9 10 (0.82%) PostCSS
10 7 (0.57%) GitLab
10 7 (0.57%) Postman
11 6 (0.49%) Mocha
12 5 (0.41%) Jasmine
12 5 (0.41%) Maven
12 5 (0.41%) TestRail
12 5 (0.41%) Zephyr
13 4 (0.33%) JUnit
13 4 (0.33%) Oracle APEX
13 4 (0.33%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 317 (26.00%) Finance
2 310 (25.43%) Social Skills
3 128 (10.50%) Legal
4 119 (9.76%) Analytical Skills
5 84 (6.89%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 74 (6.07%) Marketing
7 73 (5.99%) Law
8 67 (5.50%) Games
9 51 (4.18%) Banking
10 42 (3.45%) Front Office
10 42 (3.45%) Retail
11 27 (2.21%) Public Sector
12 23 (1.89%) Influencing Skills
13 22 (1.80%) Publishing
14 21 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
15 19 (1.56%) Public Speaking
16 18 (1.48%) Organisational Skills
17 14 (1.15%) Telecoms
18 13 (1.07%) Electronics
18 13 (1.07%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 274 (22.48%) Data Scientist
2 230 (18.87%) Software Engineer
3 165 (13.54%) Senior Data Scientist
4 159 (13.04%) Developer
5 124 (10.17%) Principal Engineer
6 78 (6.40%) Senior Software Engineer
7 67 (5.50%) Data Engineer
8 56 (4.59%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 52 (4.27%) Principal Software Engineer
10 47 (3.86%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 46 (3.77%) Senior Developer
12 33 (2.71%) Computer Scientist
12 33 (2.71%) Computer Vision Scientist
13 30 (2.46%) Designer
14 27 (2.21%) Architect
14 27 (2.21%) Backend Developer
14 27 (2.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 25 (2.05%) Head of Data Science
16 24 (1.97%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 21 (1.72%) Senior Computer Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (32.16%) React
2 232 (19.03%) HTML
3 230 (18.87%) CSS
4 225 (18.46%) AngularJS
5 218 (17.88%) Vue.js
6 200 (16.41%) TensorFlow
7 199 (16.32%) HTML5
8 189 (15.50%) CSS3
9 188 (15.42%) WinForms
9 188 (15.42%) WPF
10 163 (13.37%) scikit-learn
11 155 (12.72%) PyTorch
12 117 (9.60%) Pandas
13 102 (8.37%) Keras
14 80 (6.56%) NumPy
15 70 (5.74%) Node.js
16 67 (5.50%) Kafka
17 59 (4.84%) Django
18 57 (4.68%) REST
19 56 (4.59%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 519 (42.58%) Algorithms
2 205 (16.82%) Data Structures
3 93 (7.63%) User Experience
4 71 (5.82%) Hackathon
5 49 (4.02%) Cloud Native
5 49 (4.02%) Mobile App
6 45 (3.69%) Cyberattack
7 31 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
8 26 (2.13%) Acoustics
8 26 (2.13%) Cyber Defence
9 25 (2.05%) Semantic Web
10 23 (1.89%) Life Science
11 21 (1.72%) Derivative
11 21 (1.72%) Equities
11 21 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
12 20 (1.64%) Exotic Derivative
12 20 (1.64%) Fixed Income
12 20 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 20 (1.64%) Grid Computing
13 17 (1.39%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 62 (5.09%) Linux
2 43 (3.53%) Windows
3 18 (1.48%) Unix
4 17 (1.39%) VMS
5 3 (0.25%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.16%) Android
7 1 (0.082%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 790 (64.81%) Machine Learning
2 688 (56.44%) Data Science
3 671 (55.05%) Artificial Intelligence
4 538 (44.13%) Agile
5 490 (40.20%) Software Engineering
6 416 (34.13%) Computer Science
7 326 (26.74%) CI/CD
8 322 (26.42%) DevOps
9 303 (24.86%) Analytics
10 268 (21.99%) Data Engineering
11 249 (20.43%) TDD
12 246 (20.18%) Deep Learning
13 245 (20.10%) Continuous Integration
14 224 (18.38%) Software Testing
15 218 (17.88%) Information Retrieval
16 217 (17.80%) Workflow
17 204 (16.74%) Problem-Solving
18 196 (16.08%) Risk Management
19 192 (15.75%) Continuous Deployment
20 189 (15.50%) Commercialisation
Programming Languages
1 942 (77.28%) Python
2 421 (34.54%) Java
3 360 (29.53%) JavaScript
4 317 (26.00%) SQL
5 245 (20.10%) C#
6 236 (19.36%) C++
7 231 (18.95%) C
8 190 (15.59%) Objective-C
9 168 (13.78%) R
10 118 (9.68%) Scala
11 82 (6.73%) MATLAB
12 65 (5.33%) TypeScript
13 28 (2.30%) Perl
14 23 (1.89%) Go
15 22 (1.80%) Kotlin
15 22 (1.80%) Rust
16 21 (1.72%) Lua
17 15 (1.23%) Clojure
18 11 (0.90%) Haskell
18 11 (0.90%) Julia
Qualifications
1 431 (35.36%) Degree
2 257 (21.08%) Computer Science Degree
3 170 (13.95%) PhD
4 46 (3.77%) Master's Degree
5 26 (2.13%) Security Cleared
6 23 (1.89%) AWS Certification
7 21 (1.72%) Postgraduate
8 8 (0.66%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (0.49%) SC Cleared
10 5 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.33%) MBA
12 2 (0.16%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 1 (0.082%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (16.49%) Accessibility
2 31 (2.54%) QA
3 28 (2.30%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.33%) HL7
5 2 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
5 2 (0.16%) FedRAMP
5 2 (0.16%) GDPR
5 2 (0.16%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.082%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 179 (14.68%) Docker
2 4 (0.33%) HDFS
3 1 (0.082%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.082%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 145 (11.89%) Kubernetes
2 74 (6.07%) Terraform
3 24 (1.97%) Ansible
4 7 (0.57%) Argo
4 7 (0.57%) Prometheus
5 6 (0.49%) Grafana
6 5 (0.41%) Mesos
7 4 (0.33%) Istio
7 4 (0.33%) Kibana
7 4 (0.33%) MOM
8 3 (0.25%) Kubeflow
9 2 (0.16%) Puppet
10 1 (0.082%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.082%) logstash
Vendors
1 67 (5.50%) Google
2 66 (5.41%) Microsoft
3 49 (4.02%) Databricks
4 28 (2.30%) UiPath
5 22 (1.80%) Adobe
6 18 (1.48%) Facebook
7 16 (1.31%) Blue Prism
8 12 (0.98%) Talend
9 10 (0.82%) Sun
10 9 (0.74%) Apple
10 9 (0.74%) Dataiku
11 8 (0.66%) Informatica
11 8 (0.66%) Instagram
11 8 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
12 7 (0.57%) OpenAI
12 7 (0.57%) Oracle
12 7 (0.57%) WSO2
13 6 (0.49%) Huawei
14 4 (0.33%) IBM
14 4 (0.33%) MicroStrategy