Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 534 517 615
Rank change year-on-year -17 +98 -30
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 541 290 586
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.42% 0.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.51% 0.45% 0.44%
Number of salaries quoted 247 235 443
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,250 £44,600
25th Percentile £50,000 £53,750 £53,875
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,500 £75,000 £68,300
Median % change year-on-year -12.67% +9.81% +1.94%
75th Percentile £88,125 £91,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £159,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Natural Language Processing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,854 64,027 133,460
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.78% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,195 51,873 106,459
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 503 £65,000 -13.33% 74
London -22 353 £75,000 -11.76% 50
UK excluding London -25 164 £55,000 - 26
Work from Home -177 84 £65,000 - 11
East of England +6 49 £33,000 -38.60% 9
South West -49 41 £47,500 -32.14% 3
Midlands -81 22 £57,500 +9.52% 1
North of England -50 19 £55,000 -4.35% 5
South East -97 12 £50,000 -33.33% 5
East Midlands - 12 - - 1
North West -41 11 £75,000 +76.47% 3
Northern Ireland -30 10 £75,000 +78.57% 1
West Midlands -76 10 £57,500 +9.52%
Scotland -66 8 £56,250 +50.00% 1
Yorkshire - 8 £47,500 - 1
Wales -23 3 £42,500 -4.23% 1

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 422 (78.00%) Machine Learning
2 395 (73.01%) Python
3 292 (53.97%) Artificial Intelligence
4 272 (50.28%) Data Science
5 206 (38.08%) Algorithms
6 178 (32.90%) AWS
7 160 (29.57%) SQL
8 159 (29.39%) JavaScript
9 149 (27.54%) Degree
10 140 (25.88%) Social Skills
11 139 (25.69%) Agile Software Development
12 138 (25.51%) Analytics
13 137 (25.32%) Deep Learning
13 137 (25.32%) Computer Science
14 131 (24.21%) Docker
15 125 (23.11%) TensorFlow
16 120 (22.18%) PhD
17 119 (22.00%) Finance
18 118 (21.81%) Mathematics
19 116 (21.44%) Software Engineering
20 110 (20.33%) Visualisation
21 108 (19.96%) React
22 107 (19.78%) Apache Spark
23 99 (18.30%) Azure
24 96 (17.74%) Neural Network
24 96 (17.74%) Full Stack Development
25 93 (17.19%) Kubernetes
25 93 (17.19%) User Experience
26 92 (17.01%) Java
27 87 (16.08%) Statistics

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (19.78%) Apache Spark
2 62 (11.46%) Elasticsearch
3 25 (4.62%) Apache Airflow
4 16 (2.96%) Gunicorn
5 15 (2.77%) Apache
6 13 (2.40%) Jupyter
7 11 (2.03%) Confluence
7 11 (2.03%) SAS
8 4 (0.74%) WordPress
9 3 (0.55%) Mule
10 2 (0.37%) CMS
10 2 (0.37%) Luigi
11 1 (0.18%) nginx
Applications
1 23 (4.25%) Simulink
1 23 (4.25%) Stateflow
2 21 (3.88%) Chatbot
3 7 (1.29%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.37%) Weka
5 1 (0.18%) Gephi
5 1 (0.18%) InVision
5 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.18%) Sketch
5 1 (0.18%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.74%) Summit
2 2 (0.37%) WebTrends
3 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 178 (32.90%) AWS
2 99 (18.30%) Azure
3 83 (15.34%) GCP
4 57 (10.54%) Serverless
5 54 (9.98%) SaaS
6 26 (4.81%) Power Platform
7 25 (4.62%) Cloud Computing
8 24 (4.44%) AWS Lambda
9 21 (3.88%) Firebase
10 20 (3.70%) Amazon SageMaker
10 20 (3.70%) Cloud Functions
11 14 (2.59%) GitHub
12 11 (2.03%) Amazon EMR
13 8 (1.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 8 (1.48%) PaaS
13 8 (1.48%) Snowflake
14 7 (1.29%) Amazon Kinesis
15 6 (1.11%) Azure LUIS
16 5 (0.92%) Azure Machine Learning
16 5 (0.92%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.74%) DSL
2 3 (0.55%) DNS
2 3 (0.55%) HTTP
2 3 (0.55%) Reverse Proxy
3 1 (0.18%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (11.46%) Data Mining
2 59 (10.91%) NoSQL
3 57 (10.54%) Big Data
4 49 (9.06%) Hadoop
5 35 (6.47%) MongoDB
6 31 (5.73%) Tableau
7 26 (4.81%) Data Warehouse
8 22 (4.07%) MySQL
8 22 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
9 18 (3.33%) Relational Database
9 18 (3.33%) SQL Server
10 16 (2.96%) Apache Hive
11 15 (2.77%) Power BI
12 14 (2.59%) Neo4j
13 13 (2.40%) Metadata
14 12 (2.22%) BigQuery
15 11 (2.03%) Electronic Patient Records
16 9 (1.66%) Redis
17 8 (1.48%) Blockchain
17 8 (1.48%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 60 (11.09%) Git (software)
2 38 (7.02%) JIRA
3 21 (3.88%) GitLab
4 13 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 13 (2.40%) Jenkins
5 10 (1.85%) Selenium
6 6 (1.11%) Cucumber
6 6 (1.11%) Vagrant
6 6 (1.11%) WebDriver
7 4 (0.74%) Appium
7 4 (0.74%) CircleCI
7 4 (0.74%) Gradle
8 3 (0.55%) Bitbucket
8 3 (0.55%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.37%) JSUnit
9 2 (0.37%) MLflow
9 2 (0.37%) Team Foundation Server
10 1 (0.18%) TeamCity
General
1 140 (25.88%) Social Skills
2 119 (22.00%) Finance
3 64 (11.83%) Analytical Skills
4 47 (8.69%) Banking
5 44 (8.13%) Games
6 35 (6.47%) Financial Institution
7 31 (5.73%) Legal
8 28 (5.18%) Retail
9 27 (4.99%) Law
10 24 (4.44%) Presentation Skills
11 17 (3.14%) Pharmaceutical
12 15 (2.77%) Front Office
12 15 (2.77%) Russian Language
13 10 (1.85%) Marketing
14 6 (1.11%) Public Sector
14 6 (1.11%) Publishing
15 5 (0.92%) Investment Banking
15 5 (0.92%) Manufacturing
16 3 (0.55%) Electronics
16 3 (0.55%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 150 (27.73%) Data Scientist
2 112 (20.70%) Developer
3 63 (11.65%) Data Engineer
4 48 (8.87%) Full Stack Developer
5 41 (7.58%) Senior Data Scientist
6 36 (6.65%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 31 (5.73%) Senior Developer
8 30 (5.55%) Software Engineer
9 23 (4.25%) Systems Engineer
10 22 (4.07%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 21 (3.88%) Python Engineer
12 19 (3.51%) Senior Data Engineer
13 17 (3.14%) Big Data Engineer
14 14 (2.59%) .NET Developer
14 14 (2.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 14 (2.59%) Software Developer
15 12 (2.22%) JavaScript Developer
15 12 (2.22%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 11 (2.03%) Junior
16 11 (2.03%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (23.11%) TensorFlow
2 108 (19.96%) React
3 77 (14.23%) scikit-learn
4 74 (13.68%) Kafka
5 73 (13.49%) PyTorch
6 70 (12.94%) NumPy
7 66 (12.20%) Node.js
7 66 (12.20%) Pandas
8 51 (9.43%) CSS
8 51 (9.43%) Keras
9 49 (9.06%) REST
10 45 (8.32%) Vue.js
11 40 (7.39%) HTML
12 39 (7.21%) AngularJS
13 34 (6.28%) .NET
14 32 (5.91%) PySpark
14 32 (5.91%) RESTful
15 30 (5.55%) Flask
16 29 (5.36%) GraphQL
17 27 (4.99%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 206 (38.08%) Algorithms
2 93 (17.19%) User Experience
3 31 (5.73%) Blog
4 29 (5.36%) Data Structures
5 28 (5.18%) Robotics
6 24 (4.44%) Mobile App
6 24 (4.44%) Virtual Team
7 21 (3.88%) Self-Motivation
8 14 (2.59%) Cloud Native
9 10 (1.85%) Smart City
9 10 (1.85%) Social Media
9 10 (1.85%) Tandem
10 9 (1.66%) Equities
10 9 (1.66%) Greenfield Project
10 9 (1.66%) Life Science
11 8 (1.48%) Hedge funds
12 7 (1.29%) Cyberattack
12 7 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
12 7 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
12 7 (1.29%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 25 (4.62%) Linux
2 10 (1.85%) Android
3 5 (0.92%) Apple iOS
4 3 (0.55%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 422 (78.00%) Machine Learning
2 292 (53.97%) Artificial Intelligence
3 272 (50.28%) Data Science
4 139 (25.69%) Agile Software Development
5 138 (25.51%) Analytics
6 137 (25.32%) Computer Science
6 137 (25.32%) Deep Learning
7 118 (21.81%) Mathematics
8 116 (21.44%) Software Engineering
9 110 (20.33%) Visualisation
10 96 (17.74%) Full Stack Development
10 96 (17.74%) Neural Network
11 87 (16.08%) Statistics
12 73 (13.49%) Computer Vision
13 69 (12.75%) DevOps
14 68 (12.57%) Scrum
15 66 (12.20%) Data Visualisation
16 62 (11.46%) Microservices
17 55 (10.17%) Decision-Making
18 50 (9.24%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 395 (73.01%) Python
2 160 (29.57%) SQL
3 159 (29.39%) JavaScript
4 92 (17.01%) Java
5 69 (12.75%) R
6 44 (8.13%) TypeScript
7 40 (7.39%) C#
7 40 (7.39%) MATLAB
8 28 (5.18%) C++
9 23 (4.25%) C
10 21 (3.88%) Scala
11 19 (3.51%) Go
12 17 (3.14%) Kotlin
13 11 (2.03%) Ruby
14 10 (1.85%) Perl
15 9 (1.66%) PHP
16 5 (0.92%) Erlang
16 5 (0.92%) Julia
17 4 (0.74%) Groovy
17 4 (0.74%) XPath
Qualifications
1 149 (27.54%) Degree
2 120 (22.18%) PhD
3 46 (8.50%) Master's Degree
4 40 (7.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.11%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (1.11%) Security Cleared
6 4 (0.74%) AWS Certification
6 4 (0.74%) MCSA
6 4 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.18%) APMG
8 1 (0.18%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.18%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.62%) Data Quality
2 20 (3.70%) QA
3 16 (2.96%) GRC
4 9 (1.66%) GxP
5 3 (0.55%) GDPR
System Software
1 131 (24.21%) Docker
2 6 (1.11%) VirtualBox
3 1 (0.18%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 93 (17.19%) Kubernetes
2 31 (5.73%) Terraform
3 17 (3.14%) Opscode Chef
4 16 (2.96%) Puppet
5 9 (1.66%) Ansible
6 7 (1.29%) Docker Swarm
7 3 (0.55%) Istio
7 3 (0.55%) Kubeflow
8 1 (0.18%) Kibana
Vendors
1 62 (11.46%) Google
2 33 (6.10%) Microsoft
3 24 (4.44%) Databricks
4 23 (4.25%) OpenAI
5 12 (2.22%) Dataiku
6 8 (1.48%) Atlassian
6 8 (1.48%) IBM
6 8 (1.48%) Instagram
7 7 (1.29%) Dell
8 6 (1.11%) Cloudera
8 6 (1.11%) Facebook
8 6 (1.11%) Hortonworks
9 4 (0.74%) Algorithmics
10 3 (0.55%) Oracle
11 2 (0.37%) Alteryx
11 2 (0.37%) comScore
11 2 (0.37%) LexisNexis
11 2 (0.37%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.37%) UiPath
12 1 (0.18%) Automation Anywhere