Period
to 18 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Natural Language Processing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 18 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)
UK
6 months to
18 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 615 565 724
Rank change year-on-year -50 +159 +61
Permanent jobs citing Natural Language Processing 545 792 513
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.47% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.03% 1.16% 0.71%
Number of salaries quoted 404 682 430
UK median annual salary £68,300 £67,500 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.19% - +17.39%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £115,000 £93,875
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% - +33.33%

Natural Language Processing is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 53,139 68,313 71,817
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 37.46% 40.13% 40.51%
Number of salaries quoted 43,719 56,676 59,770
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,500 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Natural Language Processing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Natural Language Processing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing.

Salary trend for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing over the 6 months to 18 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Natural Language Processing in the UK

Natural Language Processing
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing within the UK over the 6 months to 18 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -41 500 £70,000 +3.70% 63
London +21 362 £70,000 -6.67% 37
UK excluding London -92 168 £55,000 -8.33% 30
North of England +37 42 £49,000 -2.00% 9
South East -83 40 £60,000 -7.69% 5
Scotland +34 38 £50,000 +5.26% 4
North West +55 34 £43,750 -12.50% 4
South West -2 22 £61,638 +2.73% 3
East of England +12 16 £50,000 -20.00% 9
Midlands +36 8 £72,500 +61.11%
Yorkshire -7 8 £49,000 -34.67% 2
West Midlands +15 7 £72,500 +61.11%
Wales +12 2 £37,500 -21.05%
East Midlands +26 1 £55,000 +57.14%

For the 6 months to 18 August 2019, IT jobs citing Natural Language Processing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Natural Language Processing.

1 465 (85.32%) Machine Learning
2 371 (68.07%) Python
3 344 (63.12%) Data Science
4 311 (57.06%) Artificial Intelligence
5 213 (39.08%) SQL
6 207 (37.98%) Analytics
7 159 (29.17%) Agile Software Development
8 148 (27.16%) Deep Learning
9 146 (26.79%) Algorithms
10 139 (25.50%) R
11 136 (24.95%) Big Data
12 135 (24.77%) Analytical Skills
13 131 (24.04%) Amazon AWS
14 112 (20.55%) Apache Spark
14 112 (20.55%) Finance
15 109 (20.00%) scikit-learn
16 103 (18.90%) Statistics
17 101 (18.53%) Computer Science
18 98 (17.98%) Microsoft Azure
19 95 (17.43%) Hadoop
19 95 (17.43%) Java
20 92 (16.88%) Degree
20 92 (16.88%) TensorFlow
21 91 (16.70%) Software Engineering
22 90 (16.51%) Neural Network
22 90 (16.51%) Visualisation
23 89 (16.33%) Problem-Solving
24 81 (14.86%) Mathematics
24 81 (14.86%) PhD
25 79 (14.50%) JavaScript

Natural Language Processing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (20.55%) Apache Spark
2 60 (11.01%) Elasticsearch
3 33 (6.06%) Jupyter
4 24 (4.40%) SAS
5 13 (2.39%) Apache
6 9 (1.65%) IPython
7 5 (0.92%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.37%) IIS
8 2 (0.37%) nginx
9 1 (0.18%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.18%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 44 (8.07%) Chatbot
2 13 (2.39%) SPSS
3 5 (0.92%) Stata
4 4 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.18%) InVision
6 1 (0.18%) Sketch
6 1 (0.18%) S-PLUS
6 1 (0.18%) Weka
Cloud Services
1 131 (24.04%) Amazon AWS
2 98 (17.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (13.58%) Google Cloud Platform
4 18 (3.30%) Cloud Computing
5 16 (2.94%) Amazon SageMaker
5 16 (2.94%) Power Platform
6 14 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (2.39%) SaaS
8 6 (1.10%) Amazon ECS
8 6 (1.10%) Amazon S3
8 6 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (0.73%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.73%) Route 53
9 4 (0.73%) Twilio
10 3 (0.55%) Amazon Alexa
10 3 (0.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (0.55%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 3 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
10 3 (0.55%) Azure Machine Learning
10 3 (0.55%) Siri
Communications & Networking
1 20 (3.67%) Wireless
2 8 (1.47%) TCP/IP
2 8 (1.47%) VoIP
3 4 (0.73%) Asterisk PBX
4 3 (0.55%) Internet
5 2 (0.37%) DNS
5 2 (0.37%) Firewall
5 2 (0.37%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.37%) Network Security
5 2 (0.37%) SAN
5 2 (0.37%) VLAN
6 1 (0.18%) Cisco ASA
6 1 (0.18%) LAN
6 1 (0.18%) Value-Added Service
6 1 (0.18%) WAN
6 1 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (24.95%) Big Data
2 95 (17.43%) Hadoop
3 58 (10.64%) NoSQL
4 39 (7.16%) Neo4j
5 30 (5.50%) Data Mining
6 28 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
7 18 (3.30%) Blockchain
8 17 (3.12%) MongoDB
9 16 (2.94%) Power BI
10 14 (2.57%) Apache Hive
10 14 (2.57%) Text Mining
11 13 (2.39%) Relational Database
12 10 (1.83%) Data Lake
13 9 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
13 9 (1.65%) BigQuery
13 9 (1.65%) MySQL
13 9 (1.65%) SQL Server
14 7 (1.28%) OrientDB
15 6 (1.10%) Cosmos DB
15 6 (1.10%) Redis
Development Applications
1 42 (7.71%) Git (software)
2 29 (5.32%) Jenkins
3 18 (3.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 13 (2.39%) Vagrant
5 11 (2.02%) Subversion
6 8 (1.47%) GitLab
7 4 (0.73%) JIRA
7 4 (0.73%) Mercurial
8 2 (0.37%) CircleCI
8 2 (0.37%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.37%) Hudson
8 2 (0.37%) Jasmine
8 2 (0.37%) JMeter
8 2 (0.37%) Karma Test Runner
8 2 (0.37%) LoadRunner
8 2 (0.37%) Selenium
8 2 (0.37%) YouTrack
General
1 112 (20.55%) Finance
2 53 (9.72%) Retail
3 42 (7.71%) Marketing
4 31 (5.69%) Banking
5 20 (3.67%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.94%) Manufacturing
7 12 (2.20%) Law
7 12 (2.20%) Public Sector
8 11 (2.02%) Automotive
8 11 (2.02%) Games
9 9 (1.65%) Billing
10 7 (1.28%) Legal
11 6 (1.10%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.92%) Social Science
13 4 (0.73%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.55%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.55%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.37%) Electronics
15 2 (0.37%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 225 (41.28%) Data Scientist
2 95 (17.43%) Senior Data Scientist
3 54 (9.91%) Developer
4 41 (7.52%) Machine Learning Scientist
5 34 (6.24%) Software Engineer
6 32 (5.87%) Consultant
7 27 (4.95%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 21 (3.85%) Data Engineer
9 20 (3.67%) Architect
10 17 (3.12%) Analyst
11 16 (2.94%) Data Analyst
11 16 (2.94%) Senior Software Engineer
12 15 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
13 14 (2.57%) Full Stack Developer
13 14 (2.57%) Operations Manager
14 13 (2.39%) Python Engineer
15 12 (2.20%) Java Engineer
16 11 (2.02%) Artificial Intelligence Engineer
17 10 (1.83%) Automation Consultant
17 10 (1.83%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (20.00%) scikit-learn
2 92 (16.88%) TensorFlow
3 69 (12.66%) Pandas
4 46 (8.44%) NumPy
5 40 (7.34%) .NET
6 34 (6.24%) Web Services
7 30 (5.50%) Keras
8 28 (5.14%) HTML
9 23 (4.22%) React
10 22 (4.04%) CSS
11 21 (3.85%) MLlib
12 20 (3.67%) Kafka
12 20 (3.67%) RESTful
13 19 (3.49%) Spark Streaming
14 18 (3.30%) PySpark
15 16 (2.94%) .NET Framework
15 16 (2.94%) AngularJS
16 15 (2.75%) MXNet
17 13 (2.39%) D3.js
17 13 (2.39%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 146 (26.79%) Algorithms
2 135 (24.77%) Analytical Skills
3 62 (11.38%) Robotics
4 23 (4.22%) Data Structures
4 23 (4.22%) Self-Motivation
5 21 (3.85%) User Experience
6 20 (3.67%) Smartphone
7 16 (2.94%) Social Media
8 15 (2.75%) Blog
9 13 (2.39%) Credit Risk
10 12 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (2.20%) Public Cloud
11 10 (1.83%) Acoustics
12 8 (1.47%) Augmented Reality
13 6 (1.10%) Cloud Native
13 6 (1.10%) IVR
14 5 (0.92%) BYOD
14 5 (0.92%) Hedge funds
14 5 (0.92%) Life Science
14 5 (0.92%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 25 (4.59%) Linux
2 20 (3.67%) Unix
3 12 (2.20%) Windows
4 7 (1.28%) Android
5 3 (0.55%) CentOS
5 3 (0.55%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.37%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 465 (85.32%) Machine Learning
2 344 (63.12%) Data Science
3 311 (57.06%) Artificial Intelligence
4 207 (37.98%) Analytics
5 159 (29.17%) Agile Software Development
6 148 (27.16%) Deep Learning
7 103 (18.90%) Statistics
8 101 (18.53%) Computer Science
9 91 (16.70%) Software Engineering
10 90 (16.51%) Neural Network
10 90 (16.51%) Visualisation
11 89 (16.33%) Problem-Solving
12 81 (14.86%) Mathematics
13 64 (11.74%) Data Analytics
14 57 (10.46%) DevOps
15 49 (8.99%) Computer Vision
16 48 (8.81%) Conversational UI
17 47 (8.62%) Actionable Insight
17 47 (8.62%) Open Source
18 42 (7.71%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 371 (68.07%) Python
2 213 (39.08%) SQL
3 139 (25.50%) R
4 95 (17.43%) Java
5 79 (14.50%) JavaScript
6 62 (11.38%) C#
7 40 (7.34%) Scala
8 35 (6.42%) VB
9 34 (6.24%) C++
10 26 (4.77%) Go
10 26 (4.77%) VBA
11 21 (3.85%) MATLAB
12 13 (2.39%) Bash Shell
13 11 (2.02%) Ruby
14 9 (1.65%) C
15 8 (1.47%) Cypher
16 7 (1.28%) Objective-C
16 7 (1.28%) Perl
17 6 (1.10%) Clojure
18 5 (0.92%) PHP
Qualifications
1 92 (16.88%) Degree
2 81 (14.86%) PhD
3 19 (3.49%) Security Cleared
4 13 (2.39%) DV Cleared
5 11 (2.02%) Master's Degree
5 11 (2.02%) SC Cleared
6 9 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.28%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (0.37%) ISEB
8 2 (0.37%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.37%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.02%) QA
2 5 (0.92%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.37%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (9.91%) Docker
2 13 (2.39%) VirtualBox
3 4 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 42 (7.71%) Kubernetes
2 23 (4.22%) Terraform
3 21 (3.85%) Ansible
3 21 (3.85%) Docker Swarm
4 6 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
5 4 (0.73%) Puppet
6 3 (0.55%) Salt
7 2 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.18%) Argo
8 1 (0.18%) FortiGate
8 1 (0.18%) Kibana
8 1 (0.18%) Packer
Vendors
1 73 (13.39%) Google
2 33 (6.06%) Microsoft
3 25 (4.59%) IBM
3 25 (4.59%) Tableau
4 24 (4.40%) Hortonworks
5 20 (3.67%) Blue Prism
5 20 (3.67%) Databricks
6 19 (3.49%) Cloudera
7 18 (3.30%) Dataiku
8 12 (2.20%) Adobe
8 12 (2.20%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (2.20%) UiPath
9 10 (1.83%) Automation Anywhere
10 9 (1.65%) EXASOL
10 9 (1.65%) MicroStrategy
11 8 (1.47%) Oracle
12 7 (1.28%) Sencha
13 6 (1.10%) Teradata
13 6 (1.10%) Twitter
14 5 (0.92%) Cisco