Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 131 143
Rank change year-on-year +1 +12 +15
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,065 1,776 1,797
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.94% 2.00% 1.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.28% 2.29% 2.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 580 1,104 1,144
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £272
90th Percentile £700 £688 £688
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 59 95
Median hourly rate £46.00 £44.35 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.73% -1.46% +33.33%
10th Percentile £35.00 £16.50 £16.35
90th Percentile £69.50 £61.30 £62.15
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +8.24% -5.56% +12.50%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,691 77,552 81,001
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.14% 87.49% 86.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,081 51,952 53,962
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £294 £305 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,619 1,908 2,043
Median hourly rate £25.50 £24.91 £23.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.37% +6.57% -6.50%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.96 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.76 £51.30 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.68 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +2.72% +11.11% -10.00%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Daily rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Hourly rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +29 690 £538 +2.38% 421
South East +24 153 £488 +2.63% 163
North of England +51 81 £500 +36.05% 86
South West -29 71 £475 +11.76% 86
North West +47 51 £488 +35.42% 47
East of England -8 40 £396 -11.94% 116
Midlands -33 28 £403 -10.56% 75
Yorkshire +28 19 £500 +38.89% 27
West Midlands -1 14 £425 -5.56% 55
East Midlands -11 14 £385 -14.44% 20
North East +28 11 £394 -12.50% 12
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 727 (68.26%) Degree
2 411 (38.59%) Agile Software Development
2 411 (38.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 302 (28.36%) Java
4 289 (27.14%) Python
5 258 (24.23%) Finance
6 246 (23.10%) SQL
7 242 (22.72%) Mathematics
8 226 (21.22%) JavaScript
9 212 (19.91%) Azure
10 193 (18.12%) Analytical Skills
11 181 (17.00%) Problem-Solving
12 170 (15.96%) DevOps
13 167 (15.68%) AWS
14 158 (14.84%) Analytics
15 155 (14.55%) Software Engineering
16 147 (13.80%) Data Science
17 146 (13.71%) C#
18 140 (13.15%) Test Automation
19 136 (12.77%) Machine Learning
20 134 (12.58%) Algorithms
21 132 (12.39%) HTML
22 127 (11.92%) OO
22 127 (11.92%) Git (software)
23 126 (11.83%) CSS
23 126 (11.83%) Microsoft
23 126 (11.83%) TDD
24 115 (10.80%) Continuous Integration
25 112 (10.52%) Open Source
26 111 (10.42%) Linux

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (9.01%) Apache Spark
2 38 (3.57%) Apache
3 24 (2.25%) Jupyter
4 22 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
5 19 (1.78%) CMS
6 16 (1.50%) WebLogic
7 13 (1.22%) IBM Notes
7 13 (1.22%) SAS
7 13 (1.22%) WebSphere
8 12 (1.13%) SharePoint
9 8 (0.75%) Confluence
9 8 (0.75%) Drupal
9 8 (0.75%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.66%) JBoss
10 7 (0.66%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.56%) DNN
11 6 (0.56%) IIS
11 6 (0.56%) Oracle Coherence
12 5 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.47%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 49 (4.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (4.32%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (2.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.13%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.94%) SPSS
6 8 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.56%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.38%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.38%) Windchill
9 2 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.19%) Stata
9 2 (0.19%) UserZoom
10 1 (0.094%) Blender
10 1 (0.094%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.094%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.094%) InVision
10 1 (0.094%) MODO
10 1 (0.094%) Sketch
10 1 (0.094%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 5 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.47%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.38%) NetSuite
2 4 (0.38%) thinkFolio
3 3 (0.28%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.19%) Hyperion Planning
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.19%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.19%) SAP IS-U
4 2 (0.19%) SAP MDG
4 2 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.094%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.094%) Magento
5 1 (0.094%) Oracle AML
5 1 (0.094%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.094%) PolarLake
5 1 (0.094%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.094%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 212 (19.91%) Azure
2 167 (15.68%) AWS
3 93 (8.73%) GCP
4 50 (4.69%) SaaS
5 47 (4.41%) PaaS
6 39 (3.66%) Power Platform
7 31 (2.91%) Cloud Computing
8 29 (2.72%) IaaS
9 27 (2.54%) Serverless
10 26 (2.44%) GitHub
11 22 (2.07%) Office 365
12 21 (1.97%) Amazon S3
13 19 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
14 18 (1.69%) Heroku
15 15 (1.41%) OpenShift
16 14 (1.31%) Amazon Kinesis
17 10 (0.94%) CloudFront
17 10 (0.94%) Stackdriver
18 7 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
19 6 (0.56%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 36 (3.38%) Firewall
2 20 (1.88%) DNS
2 20 (1.88%) HTTP
3 18 (1.69%) Internet
4 15 (1.41%) WAN
5 14 (1.31%) Network Security
6 13 (1.22%) TCP/IP
7 12 (1.13%) VPN
8 11 (1.03%) LAN
9 10 (0.94%) SSL
10 9 (0.85%) RS-232
10 9 (0.85%) RS-485
11 6 (0.56%) 3G
11 6 (0.56%) 4G
11 6 (0.56%) DHCP
11 6 (0.56%) SAN
11 6 (0.56%) Wireless
12 5 (0.47%) 2G
12 5 (0.47%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.47%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (10.23%) Big Data
2 93 (8.73%) SQL Server
3 68 (6.38%) NoSQL
4 58 (5.45%) Hadoop
5 39 (3.66%) Power BI
6 35 (3.29%) Relational Database
7 34 (3.19%) Data Mining
8 31 (2.91%) MongoDB
9 25 (2.35%) HBase
9 25 (2.35%) MySQL
10 24 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
11 20 (1.88%) Apache Hive
12 16 (1.50%) PostgreSQL
13 14 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
13 14 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (1.31%) Oracle Database
14 12 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 11 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 11 (1.03%) Redis
16 10 (0.94%) GIS
Development Applications
1 127 (11.92%) Git (software)
2 73 (6.85%) Jenkins
3 61 (5.73%) JIRA
4 34 (3.19%) Maven
5 29 (2.72%) JUnit
6 24 (2.25%) Selenium
6 24 (2.25%) webpack
7 15 (1.41%) git-flow
7 15 (1.41%) TeamCity
8 14 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (1.22%) Ant
9 13 (1.22%) Cucumber
9 13 (1.22%) JMeter
9 13 (1.22%) Mockito
9 13 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
9 13 (1.22%) Visual Studio Team System
10 12 (1.13%) Gradle
10 12 (1.13%) Grunt
10 12 (1.13%) IBM UrbanCode
11 11 (1.03%) Burp Suite
General
1 258 (24.23%) Finance
2 98 (9.20%) Banking
3 63 (5.92%) Front Office
4 42 (3.94%) Public Sector
5 40 (3.76%) Investment Banking
6 34 (3.19%) Marketing
7 32 (3.00%) Telecoms
8 25 (2.35%) Financial Institution
9 24 (2.25%) Retail
10 20 (1.88%) Back Office
11 16 (1.50%) Automotive
11 16 (1.50%) Games
12 15 (1.41%) Electronics
13 14 (1.31%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (1.22%) Manufacturing
15 12 (1.13%) Publishing
16 11 (1.03%) Legal
17 9 (0.85%) Advertising
18 8 (0.75%) Law
19 7 (0.66%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 347 (32.58%) Developer
2 94 (8.83%) Analyst
3 86 (8.08%) Data Scientist
4 84 (7.89%) Java Developer
5 72 (6.76%) Senior Developer
6 69 (6.48%) Architect
7 51 (4.79%) C# Developer
8 46 (4.32%) Software Engineer
9 39 (3.66%) Python Developer
10 35 (3.29%) Consultant
11 34 (3.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 30 (2.82%) Data Engineer
12 30 (2.82%) Digital Developer
13 29 (2.72%) React Developer
14 27 (2.54%) DevOps Engineer
15 25 (2.35%) .NET Developer
16 24 (2.25%) Data Analyst
17 23 (2.16%) Java Engineer
17 23 (2.16%) Senior Data Scientist
18 21 (1.97%) Service Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (12.39%) HTML
2 126 (11.83%) CSS
3 95 (8.92%) AngularJS
4 90 (8.45%) Web Services
5 88 (8.26%) .NET
6 86 (8.08%) React
7 79 (7.42%) RESTful
8 67 (6.29%) Kafka
9 66 (6.20%) REST
9 66 (6.20%) Spring
10 62 (5.82%) XML
11 59 (5.54%) Node.js
12 44 (4.13%) HTML5
13 43 (4.04%) TensorFlow
14 38 (3.57%) JSON
14 38 (3.57%) Pandas
15 30 (2.82%) J2EE
16 27 (2.54%) Redux
17 26 (2.44%) D3.js
18 25 (2.35%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 193 (18.12%) Analytical Skills
2 134 (12.58%) Algorithms
3 101 (9.48%) User Experience
4 89 (8.36%) Data Structures
5 84 (7.89%) Management Information System
6 35 (3.29%) Mobile App
7 34 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 28 (2.63%) Greenfield Project
11 24 (2.25%) Data Centre
12 21 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
13 20 (1.88%) Fixed Income
13 20 (1.88%) Hybrid Cloud
14 16 (1.50%) Hedge funds
15 15 (1.41%) Derivative
15 15 (1.41%) Public Cloud
16 14 (1.31%) Embedded Systems
16 14 (1.31%) Virtual Team
17 12 (1.13%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 111 (10.42%) Linux
2 77 (7.23%) Windows
3 53 (4.98%) Unix
4 22 (2.07%) Apple iOS
5 17 (1.60%) Android
5 17 (1.60%) Windows Server
6 11 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.94%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
9 5 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.38%) CentOS
10 4 (0.38%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.28%) AIX
11 3 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.28%) OpenVMS
11 3 (0.28%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.19%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 411 (38.59%) Agile Software Development
2 242 (22.72%) Mathematics
3 181 (17.00%) Problem-Solving
4 170 (15.96%) DevOps
5 158 (14.84%) Analytics
6 155 (14.55%) Software Engineering
7 147 (13.80%) Data Science
8 140 (13.15%) Test Automation
9 136 (12.77%) Machine Learning
10 127 (11.92%) OO
11 126 (11.83%) TDD
12 115 (10.80%) Continuous Integration
13 112 (10.52%) Open Source
14 107 (10.05%) Statistics
15 104 (9.77%) Scrum
16 101 (9.48%) Visualisation
17 94 (8.83%) Microservices
18 87 (8.17%) Physics
19 74 (6.95%) Artificial Intelligence
20 71 (6.67%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 302 (28.36%) Java
2 289 (27.14%) Python
3 246 (23.10%) SQL
4 226 (21.22%) JavaScript
5 146 (13.71%) C#
6 71 (6.67%) Scala
7 68 (6.38%) C++
8 47 (4.41%) C
9 46 (4.32%) R
10 45 (4.23%) TypeScript
11 31 (2.91%) Kotlin
12 28 (2.63%) Java 8
13 26 (2.44%) T-SQL
14 22 (2.07%) ES6
14 22 (2.07%) PowerShell
15 21 (1.97%) PHP
16 17 (1.60%) Ruby
17 16 (1.50%) Shell Script
18 15 (1.41%) Bash Shell
19 14 (1.31%) Go
Qualifications
1 727 (68.26%) Degree
2 411 (38.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 86 (8.08%) Master's Degree
4 83 (7.79%) PhD
5 57 (5.35%) Security Cleared
6 40 (3.76%) Numerate Degree
7 38 (3.57%) SC Cleared
8 30 (2.82%) CISSP
9 22 (2.07%) Cisco Certification
10 21 (1.97%) GIAC
11 18 (1.69%) PMI Certification
12 16 (1.50%) CISA
12 16 (1.50%) CISM
12 16 (1.50%) MCP
13 14 (1.31%) AWS Certification
14 12 (1.13%) ISTQB
15 11 (1.03%) CRISC
15 11 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
15 11 (1.03%) PMP
16 10 (0.94%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.98%) QA
2 22 (2.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 20 (1.88%) GDPR
4 15 (1.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 13 (1.22%) SLA
6 10 (0.94%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.94%) NIST
7 9 (0.85%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.85%) WCAG
8 6 (0.56%) COBIT
8 6 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 6 (0.56%) NCSC
9 4 (0.38%) PMO
9 4 (0.38%) PSD2
9 4 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.28%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.28%) HL7
11 2 (0.19%) FISMA
11 2 (0.19%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.094%) Basel II
System Software
1 92 (8.64%) Docker
2 23 (2.16%) Active Directory
2 23 (2.16%) HDFS
3 18 (1.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
5 5 (0.47%) vSphere
6 4 (0.38%) Firmware
6 4 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.28%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.19%) KVM
8 2 (0.19%) NFS
8 2 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.19%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.19%) XenApp
9 1 (0.094%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.094%) etcd
9 1 (0.094%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.094%) Terminal Server
9 1 (0.094%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 86 (8.08%) Kubernetes
2 44 (4.13%) Terraform
3 28 (2.63%) Ansible
4 18 (1.69%) Hadoop YARN
5 16 (1.50%) Puppet
6 15 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (1.22%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
8 11 (1.03%) Nessus
9 6 (0.56%) SCCM
10 5 (0.47%) Kibana
10 5 (0.47%) Prometheus
10 5 (0.47%) vCenter Server
10 5 (0.47%) Zipkin
11 4 (0.38%) Grafana
11 4 (0.38%) Nagios
11 4 (0.38%) Packer
11 4 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (0.28%) QRadar
13 2 (0.19%) NSN NetAct
Vendors
1 126 (11.83%) Microsoft
2 94 (8.83%) Oracle
3 56 (5.26%) Google
4 54 (5.07%) Tableau
5 28 (2.63%) SAP
6 24 (2.25%) Splunk
7 20 (1.88%) VMware
8 18 (1.69%) Red Hat
9 16 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
10 15 (1.41%) IBM
11 13 (1.22%) Cisco
11 13 (1.22%) Databricks
11 13 (1.22%) Hortonworks
11 13 (1.22%) Lotus
12 12 (1.13%) Adobe
13 11 (1.03%) Informatica
14 10 (0.94%) IBM Sterling
15 9 (0.85%) Citrix
15 9 (0.85%) Dell
15 9 (0.85%) McAfee