Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 130 121 124
Rank change year-on-year -9 +3 +8
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,300 549 1,704
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.03% 2.14% 2.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.28% 2.45% 2.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 818 314 1,079
10th Percentile £361 £300 £308
25th Percentile £463 £381 £402
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - +3.63%
75th Percentile £688 £645 £613
90th Percentile £788 £725 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £478 £500
% change year-on-year +15.18% -4.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 18 58
10th Percentile £19.52 £31.96 £20.95
25th Percentile £33.00 £32.17 £32.61
Median hourly rate £47.50 £37.71 £48.75
Median % change year-on-year +25.95% -22.64% +11.75%
75th Percentile £58.75 £49.38 £73.75
90th Percentile £62.15 £61.25 £82.50
UK median hourly rate £45.18 £37.71 £47.50
% change year-on-year +19.80% -20.61% +9.20%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,033 22,445 70,551
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.23% 87.47% 87.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,830 15,317 47,683
10th Percentile £314 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £390 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.77% +1.05% +2.70%
75th Percentile £613 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,506 642 1,906
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.02 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.63 £16.00 £14.32
Median hourly rate £24.18 £26.00 £22.91
Median % change year-on-year -7.02% +13.50% +14.54%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £62.42 £55.56 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.00% +11.11% +15.38%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Daily rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Hourly rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 860 £610 +10.82% 545
South East +16 190 £500 +9.57% 217
North of England -29 68 £506 +17.73% 160
Midlands -55 48 £438 +9.38% 112
South West -29 43 £550 -23.91% 77
North West -23 42 £490 +13.03% 81
East of England -29 38 £500 +28.21% 133
West Midlands -56 29 £490 +18.79% 71
Yorkshire -29 26 £583 +177.62% 56
East Midlands -28 17 £373 +24.17% 41
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 963 (74.08%) Degree
2 509 (39.15%) Social Skills
3 476 (36.62%) Agile Software Development
4 473 (36.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 423 (32.54%) Python
6 392 (30.15%) Finance
7 370 (28.46%) SQL
8 350 (26.92%) Java
9 315 (24.23%) Azure
10 286 (22.00%) AWS
11 259 (19.92%) Analytical Skills
12 237 (18.23%) Problem-Solving
13 229 (17.62%) Analytics
14 223 (17.15%) Mathematics
15 217 (16.69%) DevOps
16 208 (16.00%) Software Engineering
17 201 (15.46%) JavaScript
18 179 (13.77%) Microsoft
19 158 (12.15%) C++
20 157 (12.08%) Git (software)
21 153 (11.77%) C#
22 152 (11.69%) Scrum
23 150 (11.54%) Linux
24 146 (11.23%) Test Automation
25 142 (10.92%) Kubernetes
26 138 (10.62%) Data Science
26 138 (10.62%) HTML
27 131 (10.08%) CSS
28 130 (10.00%) Docker
29 128 (9.85%) Project Management

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (8.15%) Apache Spark
2 31 (2.38%) Apache
3 27 (2.08%) Apache Airflow
4 26 (2.00%) SharePoint
5 24 (1.85%) Luigi
6 21 (1.62%) SAS
7 16 (1.23%) Confluence
8 15 (1.15%) Oracle Coherence
9 13 (1.00%) CMS
10 12 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
11 11 (0.85%) MS Exchange
11 11 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.62%) Tomcat
13 7 (0.54%) nginx
13 7 (0.54%) OpenStack
14 6 (0.46%) IIS
14 6 (0.46%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.38%) Apache Pig
15 5 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
15 5 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 66 (5.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (2.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 22 (1.69%) MS Visio
5 13 (1.00%) Stata
6 5 (0.38%) FrameMaker
7 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.077%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.077%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.077%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.077%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.077%) Houdini
9 1 (0.077%) InVision
9 1 (0.077%) Maya
9 1 (0.077%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.077%) Sketch
9 1 (0.077%) SPSS
9 1 (0.077%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 22 (1.69%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
5 3 (0.23%) Cloudability
5 3 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.23%) SAP MDG
5 3 (0.23%) SAP PM
6 2 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.15%) Magento
6 2 (0.15%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.077%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.077%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.077%) SAP BPC
7 1 (0.077%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.077%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.077%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 315 (24.23%) Azure
2 286 (22.00%) AWS
3 92 (7.08%) GCP
4 50 (3.85%) Power Platform
4 50 (3.85%) Serverless
5 47 (3.62%) GitHub
5 47 (3.62%) SaaS
6 45 (3.46%) IaaS
7 42 (3.23%) PaaS
8 41 (3.15%) Amazon S3
9 33 (2.54%) Microsoft 365
10 30 (2.31%) Amazon EMR
11 26 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
12 25 (1.92%) AWS CloudFormation
13 24 (1.85%) OpenShift
14 23 (1.77%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 21 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
16 18 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
16 18 (1.38%) Amazon EKS
16 18 (1.38%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.54%) Network Security
2 39 (3.00%) Firewall
3 29 (2.23%) HTTP
3 29 (2.23%) WAN
4 28 (2.15%) LAN
5 21 (1.62%) DNS
6 20 (1.54%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.46%) FTP
7 19 (1.46%) Internet
8 18 (1.38%) Wireless
9 16 (1.23%) 2G
9 16 (1.23%) RNC
9 16 (1.23%) VoIP
10 14 (1.08%) 3G
10 14 (1.08%) 4G
11 13 (1.00%) MPLS
12 12 (0.92%) DHCP
13 11 (0.85%) VPN
13 11 (0.85%) Wi-Fi
14 10 (0.77%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (7.85%) Big Data
2 96 (7.38%) Hadoop
3 86 (6.62%) NoSQL
4 83 (6.38%) SQL Server
5 81 (6.23%) Relational Database
6 77 (5.92%) Data Warehouse
7 58 (4.46%) PostgreSQL
8 53 (4.08%) MySQL
9 51 (3.92%) Tableau
10 45 (3.46%) Power BI
11 43 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
12 39 (3.00%) Metadata
13 37 (2.85%) Data Lake
14 32 (2.46%) Apache Hive
15 31 (2.38%) Data Mining
16 27 (2.08%) Oracle Database
17 24 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
18 21 (1.62%) MongoDB
19 20 (1.54%) Azkaban
19 20 (1.54%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 157 (12.08%) Git (software)
2 106 (8.15%) Jenkins
3 58 (4.46%) JIRA
4 36 (2.77%) Maven
5 31 (2.38%) TeamCity
6 27 (2.08%) Selenium
7 25 (1.92%) Bitbucket
8 24 (1.85%) webpack
9 21 (1.62%) GitLab
10 20 (1.54%) SonarQube
11 18 (1.38%) Subversion
12 17 (1.31%) IntelliJ
13 15 (1.15%) Postman
13 15 (1.15%) Visual Studio
14 12 (0.92%) Gradle
15 11 (0.85%) CruiseControl
15 11 (0.85%) Cucumber
15 11 (0.85%) Jasmine
15 11 (0.85%) Karma Test Runner
16 10 (0.77%) JUnit
General
1 509 (39.15%) Social Skills
2 392 (30.15%) Finance
3 259 (19.92%) Analytical Skills
4 114 (8.77%) Banking
5 110 (8.46%) Presentation Skills
6 61 (4.69%) Front Office
7 60 (4.62%) Public Sector
8 59 (4.54%) Telecoms
9 44 (3.38%) Marketing
10 43 (3.31%) Retail
11 36 (2.77%) Legal
12 33 (2.54%) Documentation Skills
12 33 (2.54%) Financial Institution
13 30 (2.31%) Manufacturing
14 27 (2.08%) Investment Banking
15 26 (2.00%) Organisational Skills
16 23 (1.77%) Influencing Skills
17 17 (1.31%) Publishing
18 16 (1.23%) Electronics
19 15 (1.15%) Games
Job Titles
1 397 (30.54%) Developer
2 111 (8.54%) Java Developer
3 98 (7.54%) Analyst
4 87 (6.69%) Data Engineer
5 86 (6.62%) Architect
6 73 (5.62%) Senior Developer
6 73 (5.62%) Software Engineer
7 59 (4.54%) Data Scientist
8 53 (4.08%) Consultant
9 52 (4.00%) Python Developer
10 49 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
11 47 (3.62%) Full Stack Developer
12 38 (2.92%) Azure Engineer
13 35 (2.69%) Data Analyst
13 35 (2.69%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 33 (2.54%) .NET Developer
15 32 (2.46%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
16 31 (2.38%) C# Developer
16 31 (2.38%) Network Engineer
17 29 (2.23%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (10.62%) HTML
2 131 (10.08%) CSS
3 112 (8.62%) AngularJS
4 106 (8.15%) REST
5 105 (8.08%) Kafka
6 103 (7.92%) React
7 92 (7.08%) .NET
8 83 (6.38%) RESTful
9 82 (6.31%) Web Services
10 67 (5.15%) Spring
11 66 (5.08%) Node.js
12 57 (4.38%) JSON
13 47 (3.62%) XML
14 42 (3.23%) NumPy
15 40 (3.08%) Pandas
15 40 (3.08%) Spring Boot
16 37 (2.85%) .NET Core
17 36 (2.77%) Middleware
18 35 (2.69%) HTML5
19 29 (2.23%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 122 (9.38%) Management Information System
2 107 (8.23%) Algorithms
3 98 (7.54%) User Experience
4 91 (7.00%) Data Structures
5 54 (4.15%) Cloud Native
6 53 (4.08%) Self-Motivation
7 36 (2.77%) Data Centre
8 32 (2.46%) Mobile App
9 31 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 28 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
10 28 (2.15%) Social Media
11 27 (2.08%) Hedge funds
12 23 (1.77%) Fixed Income
13 21 (1.62%) CMDB
14 19 (1.46%) Virtual Team
15 18 (1.38%) Data Protection Act
16 17 (1.31%) Analytical Mindset
16 17 (1.31%) Life Science
17 16 (1.23%) Hybrid Cloud
18 13 (1.00%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 150 (11.54%) Linux
2 100 (7.69%) Windows
3 52 (4.00%) Unix
4 43 (3.31%) Apple iOS
5 40 (3.08%) Android
6 28 (2.15%) Windows Server
7 17 (1.31%) Windows Server 2016
8 14 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
9 13 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.69%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.69%) Windows Server 2019
11 7 (0.54%) tvOS
12 4 (0.31%) CentOS
12 4 (0.31%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.23%) Solaris
13 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.077%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.077%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 476 (36.62%) Agile Software Development
2 237 (18.23%) Problem-Solving
3 229 (17.62%) Analytics
4 223 (17.15%) Mathematics
5 217 (16.69%) DevOps
6 208 (16.00%) Software Engineering
7 152 (11.69%) Scrum
8 146 (11.23%) Test Automation
9 138 (10.62%) Data Science
10 128 (9.85%) Project Management
10 128 (9.85%) TDD
11 127 (9.77%) Statistics
12 121 (9.31%) Microservices
13 120 (9.23%) OO
14 110 (8.46%) Continuous Integration
15 109 (8.38%) Machine Learning
16 108 (8.31%) Full Stack Development
17 107 (8.23%) SDLC
18 100 (7.69%) Visualisation
19 88 (6.77%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 423 (32.54%) Python
2 370 (28.46%) SQL
3 350 (26.92%) Java
4 201 (15.46%) JavaScript
5 158 (12.15%) C++
6 153 (11.77%) C#
7 80 (6.15%) Scala
8 63 (4.85%) C
8 63 (4.85%) R
9 50 (3.85%) PowerShell
9 50 (3.85%) TypeScript
10 42 (3.23%) Java 8
11 41 (3.15%) Perl
12 40 (3.08%) Ruby
13 39 (3.00%) Go
14 38 (2.92%) Bash Shell
15 27 (2.08%) Apple Swift
16 26 (2.00%) PHP
17 23 (1.77%) ES6
18 21 (1.62%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 963 (74.08%) Degree
2 473 (36.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 116 (8.92%) Master's Degree
4 96 (7.38%) Security Cleared
5 80 (6.15%) SC Cleared
6 48 (3.69%) CISSP
7 46 (3.54%) Cisco Certification
8 45 (3.46%) Numerate Degree
9 33 (2.54%) CCNA
10 30 (2.31%) CCNP
11 29 (2.23%) Microsoft Certification
12 27 (2.08%) PMI Certification
13 24 (1.85%) PMP
14 23 (1.77%) MCSE
15 21 (1.62%) PhD
16 19 (1.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 17 (1.31%) CISM
17 17 (1.31%) DV Cleared
18 14 (1.08%) ISTQB
18 14 (1.08%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (7.15%) QA
2 44 (3.38%) GDPR
3 43 (3.31%) Data Quality
4 22 (1.69%) Accessibility
5 19 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (1.31%) PCI DSS
6 17 (1.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 15 (1.15%) NIST
8 13 (1.00%) SLA
9 10 (0.77%) COBIT
9 10 (0.77%) PMO
10 7 (0.54%) MiFID
11 5 (0.38%) HIPAA
11 5 (0.38%) SOC 2
12 4 (0.31%) GRC
12 4 (0.31%) GxP
12 4 (0.31%) NCSC
13 3 (0.23%) GLBA
13 3 (0.23%) SOC 1
13 3 (0.23%) WAI
System Software
1 130 (10.00%) Docker
2 36 (2.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (2.54%) Active Directory
4 13 (1.00%) HDFS
4 13 (1.00%) vSphere
5 8 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.54%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.38%) XenApp
8 4 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (0.31%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.23%) GlusterFS
9 3 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.15%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 2 (0.15%) iptables
10 2 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.15%) Sendmail
10 2 (0.15%) Snort
10 2 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 142 (10.92%) Kubernetes
2 76 (5.85%) Terraform
3 54 (4.15%) Ansible
4 30 (2.31%) Prometheus
5 21 (1.62%) Puppet
6 13 (1.00%) MIIS
6 13 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.92%) Grafana
7 12 (0.92%) SCCM
8 9 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.62%) ITRS Geneos
10 7 (0.54%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 7 (0.54%) Oozie
11 6 (0.46%) Consul
11 6 (0.46%) HP Fortify
11 6 (0.46%) Istio
11 6 (0.46%) Kibana
11 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
11 6 (0.46%) WSUS
12 5 (0.38%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 179 (13.77%) Microsoft
2 84 (6.46%) Oracle
3 74 (5.69%) Google
4 64 (4.92%) Databricks
5 45 (3.46%) Cisco
6 44 (3.38%) VMware
7 40 (3.08%) Salesforce.com
8 37 (2.85%) Splunk
9 32 (2.46%) SAP
10 30 (2.31%) ION Trading
11 24 (1.85%) Red Hat
12 19 (1.46%) Apple
13 17 (1.31%) Adobe
13 17 (1.31%) MuleSoft
14 16 (1.23%) Ericsson
14 16 (1.23%) Remedy
15 15 (1.15%) Palo Alto
16 14 (1.08%) IBM
17 11 (0.85%) Citrix
17 11 (0.85%) Telerik