Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 120 138 164
Rank change year-on-year +18 +26 -8
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,921 1,769 1,499
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.12% 1.95% 1.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 2.26% 1.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,149 1,230 930
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £270
90th Percentile £692 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £498 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.74% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 88 50
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% +17.57% +13.58%
10th Percentile £17.00 £12.68 £12.13
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.40 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £43.13 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.81% - +27.23%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,815 78,178 76,160
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.04% 85.98% 85.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,646 52,754 50,692
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £285 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £615
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,930 1,829 2,154
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.50 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -2.08% +4.69%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £23.49 £23.08 £23.28
% change year-on-year +1.80% -0.86% +1.20%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 1,055 £525 - 780
South East +6 315 £475 +18.75% 298
Midlands +17 155 £438 +6.06% 105
North of England +38 152 £385 +10.00% 171
South West +29 146 £432 +39.50% 112
East of England +19 91 £443 +10.63% 251
West Midlands +24 86 £438 +9.38% 68
Yorkshire +42 72 £488 +25.00% 49
North West +12 66 £360 +2.86% 100
East Midlands -5 66 £425 -2.86% 37
North East -10 14 £588 +91.06% 22
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 1,424 (74.13%) Degree
2 770 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
3 762 (39.67%) Computer Science Degree
4 475 (24.73%) Java
5 466 (24.26%) Finance
6 458 (23.84%) Python
7 433 (22.54%) SQL
8 409 (21.29%) Mathematics
9 390 (20.30%) Problem-Solving
10 371 (19.31%) C#
11 345 (17.96%) Analytical Skills
12 340 (17.70%) JavaScript
13 339 (17.65%) Software Engineering
14 292 (15.20%) Linux
15 276 (14.37%) Amazon AWS
16 263 (13.69%) DevOps
17 250 (13.01%) Algorithms
18 242 (12.60%) Test Automation
19 237 (12.34%) OO
19 237 (12.34%) Microsoft
20 231 (12.02%) .NET
20 231 (12.02%) TDD
21 230 (11.97%) Microsoft Azure
22 226 (11.76%) Git (software)
23 222 (11.56%) Analytics
24 221 (11.50%) HTML
24 221 (11.50%) SQL Server
25 209 (10.88%) C++
26 208 (10.83%) Windows
26 208 (10.83%) Data Science

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (5.83%) Apache Spark
2 76 (3.96%) Apache
3 53 (2.76%) SharePoint
4 41 (2.13%) Confluence
5 38 (1.98%) SAS
6 35 (1.82%) Tomcat
7 32 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
8 30 (1.56%) CMS
8 30 (1.56%) IIS
9 27 (1.41%) nginx
10 23 (1.20%) WebSphere
11 22 (1.15%) MS Exchange
12 21 (1.09%) OpenStack
13 18 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.78%) Drupal
15 12 (0.62%) Jetty
15 12 (0.62%) Mongrel
16 10 (0.52%) Apache Pig
16 10 (0.52%) Hyperledger
16 10 (0.52%) Jupyter
Applications
1 55 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
2 46 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (1.09%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.57%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.52%) SPSS
7 8 (0.42%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.36%) Simulink
9 5 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.10%) AutoCAD
11 2 (0.10%) Camtasia
11 2 (0.10%) GIMP
11 2 (0.10%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.10%) InVision
11 2 (0.10%) Stata
12 1 (0.052%) Maya
12 1 (0.052%) NUKE
12 1 (0.052%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 15 (0.78%) Remedy ITSM
2 14 (0.73%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 10 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.36%) SAP GRC
5 5 (0.26%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.21%) Endur
7 2 (0.10%) Actimize
7 2 (0.10%) Magento
7 2 (0.10%) MetaTrader
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.10%) Remedy AR System
7 2 (0.10%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.10%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.052%) Infor SunSystems
8 1 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.052%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.052%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 276 (14.37%) Amazon AWS
2 230 (11.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (3.96%) Google Cloud Platform
4 73 (3.80%) GitHub
5 57 (2.97%) Office 365
6 52 (2.71%) Amazon S3
7 48 (2.50%) Serverless
8 45 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
8 45 (2.34%) AWS CloudFormation
8 45 (2.34%) Cloud Computing
9 38 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
10 35 (1.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 32 (1.67%) PaaS
12 30 (1.56%) SaaS
13 23 (1.20%) Heroku
14 20 (1.04%) Mimecast
15 19 (0.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 19 (0.99%) Amazon ELB
15 19 (0.99%) IaaS
16 18 (0.94%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 103 (5.36%) Firewall
2 60 (3.12%) Internet
3 57 (2.97%) HTTP
4 53 (2.76%) DNS
5 47 (2.45%) VPN
6 39 (2.03%) LAN
7 31 (1.61%) BGP
7 31 (1.61%) TCP/IP
8 30 (1.56%) WAN
9 27 (1.41%) OSPF
10 25 (1.30%) Wireless
11 24 (1.25%) MPLS
12 22 (1.15%) VoIP
13 19 (0.99%) Wi-Fi
14 18 (0.94%) Network Security
15 15 (0.78%) 802.11
15 15 (0.78%) DHCP
15 15 (0.78%) Kerberos
15 15 (0.78%) SSL
16 14 (0.73%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (11.50%) SQL Server
2 162 (8.43%) NoSQL
3 143 (7.44%) Big Data
4 125 (6.51%) Hadoop
5 83 (4.32%) Relational Database
6 79 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
7 70 (3.64%) Apache Hive
7 70 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
8 68 (3.54%) MySQL
9 52 (2.71%) MongoDB
10 46 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 41 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 40 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
13 38 (1.98%) Redis
14 30 (1.56%) Data Mining
15 28 (1.46%) Power BI
16 24 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
16 24 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 23 (1.20%) SQL Server 2000
18 20 (1.04%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 226 (11.76%) Git (software)
2 148 (7.70%) JIRA
3 142 (7.39%) Jenkins
4 76 (3.96%) Selenium
5 71 (3.70%) Maven
6 69 (3.59%) Visual Studio
7 45 (2.34%) JUnit
8 44 (2.29%) TeamCity
9 42 (2.19%) Team Foundation Server
10 37 (1.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 36 (1.87%) Gradle
12 35 (1.82%) AccuRev
13 34 (1.77%) Jasmine
14 33 (1.72%) webpack
15 31 (1.61%) Eclipse
16 28 (1.46%) Ant
16 28 (1.46%) Mocha
17 27 (1.41%) CruiseControl
17 27 (1.41%) Vagrant
18 26 (1.35%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 466 (24.26%) Finance
2 133 (6.92%) Banking
3 87 (4.53%) Front Office
4 85 (4.42%) Telecoms
5 82 (4.27%) Marketing
6 60 (3.12%) Retail
7 53 (2.76%) Legal
8 44 (2.29%) Electronics
9 43 (2.24%) Investment Banking
10 35 (1.82%) Manufacturing
11 34 (1.77%) Pharmaceutical
12 33 (1.72%) Back Office
13 32 (1.67%) Financial Institution
14 31 (1.61%) Publishing
15 30 (1.56%) Advertising
16 26 (1.35%) Games
17 22 (1.15%) German Language
18 17 (0.88%) Automotive
19 16 (0.83%) French Language
20 12 (0.62%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 737 (38.37%) Developer
2 189 (9.84%) Java Developer
3 169 (8.80%) Analyst
4 166 (8.64%) Software Engineer
5 128 (6.66%) Architect
6 125 (6.51%) C# Developer
7 115 (5.99%) Senior Developer
8 107 (5.57%) Data Scientist
9 85 (4.42%) .NET Developer
10 82 (4.27%) Software Developer
11 70 (3.64%) Consultant
12 61 (3.18%) C# .NET Developer
13 60 (3.12%) Senior Software Engineer
14 57 (2.97%) React Developer
15 54 (2.81%) C++ Software Engineer
16 53 (2.76%) Tester
17 47 (2.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 45 (2.34%) DevOps Engineer
18 45 (2.34%) Python Developer
19 43 (2.24%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 231 (12.02%) .NET
2 221 (11.50%) HTML
3 192 (9.99%) CSS
4 179 (9.32%) Web Services
5 155 (8.07%) AngularJS
6 137 (7.13%) REST
7 113 (5.88%) RESTful
8 105 (5.47%) Node.js
9 102 (5.31%) Spring
10 100 (5.21%) Kafka
11 91 (4.74%) React
12 88 (4.58%) HTML5
12 88 (4.58%) WPF
13 77 (4.01%) .NET Framework
14 73 (3.80%) XML
15 70 (3.64%) JSON
16 64 (3.33%) WCF
17 60 (3.12%) Redux
18 51 (2.65%) CSS3
19 50 (2.60%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 345 (17.96%) Analytical Skills
2 250 (13.01%) Algorithms
3 154 (8.02%) Data Structures
4 126 (6.56%) User Experience
5 125 (6.51%) Management Information System
6 80 (4.16%) Self-Motivation
7 76 (3.96%) Mobile App
8 63 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
9 49 (2.55%) Data Centre
10 44 (2.29%) Fintech
11 43 (2.24%) Hedge funds
12 33 (1.72%) Derivative
12 33 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 30 (1.56%) Public Cloud
14 28 (1.46%) Embedded Systems
15 24 (1.25%) Equities
16 23 (1.20%) Life Science
17 21 (1.09%) Blog
17 21 (1.09%) Device Driver
18 20 (1.04%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 292 (15.20%) Linux
2 208 (10.83%) Windows
3 114 (5.93%) Unix
4 72 (3.75%) Android
5 68 (3.54%) Apple iOS
6 65 (3.38%) Windows Server
7 29 (1.51%) Embedded Linux
8 27 (1.41%) Solaris
9 26 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (1.30%) CentOS
11 23 (1.20%) Windows 10
12 21 (1.09%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (0.88%) Windows 7
14 14 (0.73%) Fedora
14 14 (0.73%) Kali Linux
14 14 (0.73%) Windows Server 2008
15 13 (0.68%) Ubuntu
16 12 (0.62%) Debian
17 10 (0.52%) VMS
18 8 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 770 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (21.29%) Mathematics
3 390 (20.30%) Problem-Solving
4 339 (17.65%) Software Engineering
5 263 (13.69%) DevOps
6 242 (12.60%) Test Automation
7 237 (12.34%) OO
8 231 (12.02%) TDD
9 222 (11.56%) Analytics
10 208 (10.83%) Data Science
11 195 (10.15%) Scrum
12 157 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
13 155 (8.07%) Machine Learning
14 140 (7.29%) Microservices
15 134 (6.98%) SDLC
16 130 (6.77%) Open Source
17 117 (6.09%) ITIL
18 114 (5.93%) Statistics
19 111 (5.78%) Unit Testing
20 109 (5.67%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 475 (24.73%) Java
2 458 (23.84%) Python
3 433 (22.54%) SQL
4 371 (19.31%) C#
5 340 (17.70%) JavaScript
6 209 (10.88%) C++
7 105 (5.47%) PowerShell
8 100 (5.21%) C
8 100 (5.21%) R
9 88 (4.58%) Scala
10 75 (3.90%) TypeScript
11 62 (3.23%) Go
12 61 (3.18%) Perl
12 61 (3.18%) Ruby
13 54 (2.81%) Bash Shell
14 49 (2.55%) ES6
14 49 (2.55%) Java 8
15 41 (2.13%) VB.NET
16 37 (1.93%) Apple Swift
17 36 (1.87%) PHP
Qualifications
1 1,424 (74.13%) Degree
2 762 (39.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 138 (7.18%) Master's Degree
4 108 (5.62%) Security Cleared
5 107 (5.57%) PhD
6 72 (3.75%) SC Cleared
7 69 (3.59%) Cisco Certification
8 60 (3.12%) CISSP
9 52 (2.71%) CISA
10 47 (2.45%) Microsoft Certification
11 42 (2.19%) Numerate Degree
12 39 (2.03%) CISM
13 33 (1.72%) CCNP
14 31 (1.61%) DV Cleared
15 27 (1.41%) MCSE
16 25 (1.30%) CCIE
16 25 (1.30%) CCNA
17 24 (1.25%) PMI Certification
18 22 (1.15%) GIAC
18 22 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (5.10%) QA
2 21 (1.09%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.99%) GDPR
4 18 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 18 (0.94%) SLA
5 17 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.78%) ISO 9001
7 11 (0.57%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.47%) COBIT
8 9 (0.47%) ISAE 3402
9 8 (0.42%) ISO 22301
9 8 (0.42%) ISO 31000
9 8 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 4 (0.21%) ARP4754
10 4 (0.21%) CDISC
10 4 (0.21%) PMO
11 3 (0.16%) GxP
11 3 (0.16%) HL7
11 3 (0.16%) JTAG
11 3 (0.16%) Solvency II
System Software
1 183 (9.53%) Docker
2 60 (3.12%) Active Directory
3 51 (2.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (1.20%) Hyper-V
5 19 (0.99%) Firmware
6 14 (0.73%) HDFS
7 13 (0.68%) Apache Flume
8 12 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
8 12 (0.62%) VirtualBox
8 12 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.62%) XenApp
9 11 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
9 11 (0.57%) XenDesktop
10 8 (0.42%) ISA Server
11 7 (0.36%) ACF2
11 7 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.36%) KVM
11 7 (0.36%) RACF
12 5 (0.26%) Xen
13 4 (0.21%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 92 (4.79%) Ansible
2 85 (4.42%) Kubernetes
3 76 (3.96%) Puppet
4 60 (3.12%) Terraform
5 52 (2.71%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.30%) Nessus
7 24 (1.25%) logstash
8 21 (1.09%) Kibana
8 21 (1.09%) SCCM
9 18 (0.94%) Nagios
10 17 (0.88%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 17 (0.88%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 16 (0.83%) Packer
11 16 (0.83%) Salt
12 14 (0.73%) Nmap
12 14 (0.73%) vCenter Server
13 12 (0.62%) Graylog
14 9 (0.47%) Graphite
14 9 (0.47%) ZABBIX
15 8 (0.42%) Netcool
Vendors
1 237 (12.34%) Microsoft
2 148 (7.70%) Oracle
3 120 (6.25%) Google
4 79 (4.11%) Cisco
5 76 (3.96%) VMware
6 54 (2.81%) Red Hat
7 51 (2.65%) SAP
8 44 (2.29%) Splunk
9 40 (2.08%) IBM
10 36 (1.87%) Tableau
11 29 (1.51%) Citrix
11 29 (1.51%) ServiceNow
12 23 (1.20%) Atlassian
13 22 (1.15%) Remedy
14 21 (1.09%) TIBCO
15 20 (1.04%) BMC
15 20 (1.04%) HP
16 19 (0.99%) F5
16 19 (0.99%) Informatica
17 18 (0.94%) Adobe