Period
to 28 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 28 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 123 123 138
Rank change year-on-year 0 +15 +24
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,330 1,917 1,771
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.03% 2.12% 1.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.38% 2.42% 2.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 788 1,159 1,227
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £485
% change year-on-year +1.01% +2.06% +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 73 91
England median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +9.36% +17.57%
10th Percentile £25.25 £17.00 £12.75
90th Percentile £82.50 £51.00 £51.23
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.13 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.35% +7.81% +5.26%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 55,918 79,129 78,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.44% 87.44% 86.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,764 52,923 53,108
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.05%
10th Percentile £290 £301 £285
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,800 1,961 1,869
England median hourly rate £22.50 £23.88 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.78% -0.50% +1.05%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.71 £50.10 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £22.90 £23.94 £23.75
% change year-on-year -4.33% +0.80% +2.84%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 807 £525 - 628
South East +35 253 £473 -0.42% 246
South West -41 80 £450 +5.88% 106
East of England +14 71 £375 -15.97% 179
North of England -19 68 £475 +26.67% 161
Midlands -36 48 £426 -2.57% 113
North West -8 38 £500 +38.89% 105
East Midlands -9 26 £426 +0.29% 44
West Midlands -18 22 £431 -1.43% 68
Yorkshire -12 17 £425 -5.56% 40
North East +16 13 £400 -23.81% 16
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 926 (69.62%) Degree
2 487 (36.62%) Agile Software Development
3 464 (34.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 357 (26.84%) Python
5 348 (26.17%) Java
6 341 (25.64%) Mathematics
7 312 (23.46%) Finance
8 311 (23.38%) SQL
9 292 (21.95%) JavaScript
10 261 (19.62%) Analytical Skills
11 259 (19.47%) Azure
12 214 (16.09%) Microsoft
13 209 (15.71%) Software Engineering
14 205 (15.41%) Problem-Solving
15 203 (15.26%) DevOps
16 202 (15.19%) Machine Learning
17 193 (14.51%) Data Science
18 190 (14.29%) Analytics
18 190 (14.29%) C#
19 186 (13.98%) Git (software)
20 181 (13.61%) AWS
21 179 (13.46%) Algorithms
22 160 (12.03%) React
23 159 (11.95%) HTML
24 156 (11.73%) TDD
25 150 (11.28%) Scrum
26 148 (11.13%) Test Automation
27 143 (10.75%) OO
28 141 (10.60%) CSS
29 138 (10.38%) Big Data

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (8.72%) Apache Spark
2 59 (4.44%) Apache
3 40 (3.01%) Jupyter
4 34 (2.56%) Elasticsearch
5 27 (2.03%) Confluence
6 26 (1.95%) CMS
7 24 (1.80%) SharePoint
8 15 (1.13%) Tomcat
9 13 (0.98%) MS Exchange
10 11 (0.83%) SAS
10 11 (0.83%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.75%) Drupal
11 10 (0.75%) IBM Notes
11 10 (0.75%) IIS
12 9 (0.68%) WebSphere
13 8 (0.60%) OpenStack
14 7 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2010
14 7 (0.53%) JBoss
15 6 (0.45%) nginx
15 6 (0.45%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 68 (5.11%) Microsoft Office
2 40 (3.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.75%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.75%) SPSS
5 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.30%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.30%) Windchill
7 3 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 3 (0.23%) GNU Octave
7 3 (0.23%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.15%) Camtasia
8 2 (0.15%) Stata
8 2 (0.15%) XMetaL
9 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.075%) Blender
9 1 (0.075%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.075%) InVision
9 1 (0.075%) MODO
9 1 (0.075%) Weka
Business Applications
1 9 (0.68%) FINCAD Analytics
2 8 (0.60%) thinkFolio
3 6 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.45%) SAP MDG
4 5 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 4 (0.30%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.30%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.30%) SAP MDM
5 4 (0.30%) Temenos T24
6 3 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.15%) Hyperion Planning
7 2 (0.15%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle AML
7 2 (0.15%) Social Studio
7 2 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.075%) Markit EDM
8 1 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.075%) SAP HCM
8 1 (0.075%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 259 (19.47%) Azure
2 181 (13.61%) AWS
3 74 (5.56%) PaaS
3 74 (5.56%) Power Platform
4 70 (5.26%) SaaS
5 64 (4.81%) Serverless
6 63 (4.74%) GCP
7 54 (4.06%) Office 365
8 50 (3.76%) IaaS
9 42 (3.16%) Cloud Computing
10 36 (2.71%) AWS Lambda
11 32 (2.41%) GitHub
12 27 (2.03%) Azure Active Directory
13 26 (1.95%) Amazon S3
14 21 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
15 18 (1.35%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 18 (1.35%) OpenShift
16 15 (1.13%) Heroku
17 13 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 67 (5.04%) Firewall
2 52 (3.91%) Internet
3 42 (3.16%) DNS
4 39 (2.93%) TCP/IP
5 33 (2.48%) VPN
6 26 (1.95%) WAN
7 25 (1.88%) HTTP
7 25 (1.88%) NAS
7 25 (1.88%) SAN
8 23 (1.73%) Reverse Proxy
9 20 (1.50%) LAN
10 17 (1.28%) Network Security
11 12 (0.90%) DHCP
12 11 (0.83%) Intrusion Detection
13 10 (0.75%) Wireless
14 9 (0.68%) RS-232
14 9 (0.68%) RS-485
15 8 (0.60%) BGP
16 7 (0.53%) Skype
16 7 (0.53%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (10.38%) Big Data
2 124 (9.32%) SQL Server
3 94 (7.07%) NoSQL
4 88 (6.62%) Hadoop
5 69 (5.19%) Power BI
6 59 (4.44%) MongoDB
7 44 (3.31%) Data Warehouse
8 43 (3.23%) MySQL
9 37 (2.78%) Relational Database
10 35 (2.63%) Data Mining
11 28 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
11 28 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
12 25 (1.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 24 (1.80%) HBase
14 23 (1.73%) Cosmos DB
15 22 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
15 22 (1.65%) Apache Hive
15 22 (1.65%) Oracle Database
16 20 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 18 (1.35%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 186 (13.98%) Git (software)
2 116 (8.72%) Jenkins
3 93 (6.99%) JIRA
4 44 (3.31%) Maven
5 33 (2.48%) Selenium
6 32 (2.41%) JUnit
7 27 (2.03%) Cucumber
8 21 (1.58%) TeamCity
9 19 (1.43%) Bitbucket
9 19 (1.43%) Subversion
9 19 (1.43%) Visual Studio
10 18 (1.35%) Mockito
10 18 (1.35%) webpack
11 17 (1.28%) Jasmine
11 17 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
12 16 (1.20%) Visual Studio Team System
13 14 (1.05%) Grunt
13 14 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
14 13 (0.98%) Gradle
15 11 (0.83%) Ant
General
1 312 (23.46%) Finance
2 91 (6.84%) Banking
3 68 (5.11%) Front Office
4 48 (3.61%) Marketing
5 34 (2.56%) Telecoms
6 31 (2.33%) Back Office
6 31 (2.33%) Games
6 31 (2.33%) Public Sector
7 28 (2.11%) Advertising
7 28 (2.11%) Retail
8 27 (2.03%) Investment Banking
9 26 (1.95%) Publishing
10 24 (1.80%) Manufacturing
11 23 (1.73%) Financial Institution
12 20 (1.50%) Electronics
12 20 (1.50%) Legal
13 10 (0.75%) Automotive
14 9 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.60%) Law
15 8 (0.60%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 450 (33.83%) Developer
2 122 (9.17%) Data Scientist
3 114 (8.57%) Analyst
4 107 (8.05%) Java Developer
5 105 (7.89%) Architect
6 94 (7.07%) Senior Developer
7 75 (5.64%) Software Engineer
8 64 (4.81%) C# Developer
9 47 (3.53%) Python Developer
10 46 (3.46%) .NET Developer
11 43 (3.23%) Data Engineer
12 40 (3.01%) Consultant
13 38 (2.86%) Java Engineer
14 33 (2.48%) Software Developer
15 32 (2.41%) Data Analyst
15 32 (2.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 32 (2.41%) React Developer
15 32 (2.41%) Solutions Architect
16 29 (2.18%) Full Stack Developer
17 27 (2.03%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 160 (12.03%) React
2 159 (11.95%) HTML
3 141 (10.60%) CSS
4 122 (9.17%) .NET
5 121 (9.10%) AngularJS
6 116 (8.72%) Web Services
7 100 (7.52%) Kafka
7 100 (7.52%) REST
8 84 (6.32%) RESTful
8 84 (6.32%) Spring
8 84 (6.32%) XML
9 67 (5.04%) JSON
10 60 (4.51%) Node.js
11 59 (4.44%) Vue.js
12 50 (3.76%) Pandas
13 43 (3.23%) HTML5
14 42 (3.16%) TensorFlow
15 40 (3.01%) NumPy
16 39 (2.93%) scikit-learn
17 36 (2.71%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 261 (19.62%) Analytical Skills
2 179 (13.46%) Algorithms
3 107 (8.05%) Management Information System
4 103 (7.74%) User Experience
5 94 (7.07%) Data Structures
6 61 (4.59%) Mobile App
7 55 (4.14%) Self-Motivation
8 43 (3.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 40 (3.01%) Hedge funds
10 37 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
11 34 (2.56%) Data Centre
12 30 (2.26%) Fixed Income
13 28 (2.11%) Replication
14 27 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
15 24 (1.80%) Public Cloud
16 23 (1.73%) Derivative
16 23 (1.73%) Equities
17 21 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
18 20 (1.50%) Hybrid Cloud
19 19 (1.43%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 137 (10.30%) Linux
2 116 (8.72%) Windows
3 49 (3.68%) Unix
4 25 (1.88%) Apple iOS
4 25 (1.88%) Windows Server
5 23 (1.73%) Android
6 17 (1.28%) Windows 10
7 10 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.68%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
9 7 (0.53%) CentOS
10 6 (0.45%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.38%) VMS
12 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.23%) OpenVMS
13 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.15%) Debian
14 2 (0.15%) Solaris
14 2 (0.15%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 1 (0.075%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 487 (36.62%) Agile Software Development
2 341 (25.64%) Mathematics
3 209 (15.71%) Software Engineering
4 205 (15.41%) Problem-Solving
5 203 (15.26%) DevOps
6 202 (15.19%) Machine Learning
7 193 (14.51%) Data Science
8 190 (14.29%) Analytics
9 156 (11.73%) TDD
10 150 (11.28%) Scrum
11 148 (11.13%) Test Automation
12 143 (10.75%) OO
13 136 (10.23%) Visualisation
14 131 (9.85%) Continuous Integration
15 128 (9.62%) Microservices
15 128 (9.62%) Statistics
16 100 (7.52%) Open Source
17 99 (7.44%) Physics
18 92 (6.92%) Artificial Intelligence
19 87 (6.54%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 357 (26.84%) Python
2 348 (26.17%) Java
3 311 (23.38%) SQL
4 292 (21.95%) JavaScript
5 190 (14.29%) C#
6 104 (7.82%) C++
7 79 (5.94%) Scala
8 77 (5.79%) R
9 64 (4.81%) C
10 52 (3.91%) PHP
10 52 (3.91%) PowerShell
11 45 (3.38%) TypeScript
12 33 (2.48%) Java 8
13 29 (2.18%) T-SQL
14 25 (1.88%) Kotlin
15 24 (1.80%) Perl
15 24 (1.80%) Ruby
16 23 (1.73%) Bash Shell
17 21 (1.58%) PL/SQL
18 20 (1.50%) Go
Qualifications
1 926 (69.62%) Degree
2 464 (34.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 116 (8.72%) Security Cleared
4 108 (8.12%) PhD
5 104 (7.82%) Master's Degree
6 91 (6.84%) SC Cleared
7 51 (3.83%) Numerate Degree
8 29 (2.18%) Cisco Certification
8 29 (2.18%) CISSP
9 26 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 24 (1.80%) PMI Certification
11 21 (1.58%) CCNA
12 19 (1.43%) GIAC
13 17 (1.28%) MCP
14 16 (1.20%) PMP
15 15 (1.13%) AWS Certification
15 15 (1.13%) CCNP
15 15 (1.13%) DV Cleared
16 14 (1.05%) SANS
17 13 (0.98%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (4.66%) QA
2 27 (2.03%) Data Quality
3 25 (1.88%) GDPR
4 22 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (1.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 15 (1.13%) SLA
7 13 (0.98%) NIST
8 9 (0.68%) COBIT
8 9 (0.68%) WCAG
9 8 (0.60%) NCSC
10 7 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 7 (0.53%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.30%) GxP
11 4 (0.30%) MiFID
11 4 (0.30%) NIST 800
11 4 (0.30%) PSD2
12 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.23%) PMO
13 2 (0.15%) HL7
System Software
1 110 (8.27%) Docker
2 53 (3.98%) Active Directory
3 28 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (1.58%) HDFS
5 12 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.53%) vSphere
7 6 (0.45%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.38%) Firmware
8 5 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.23%) KVM
9 3 (0.23%) NFS
9 3 (0.23%) XenApp
10 2 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 87 (6.54%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.38%) Terraform
3 43 (3.23%) Ansible
4 34 (2.56%) Puppet
5 22 (1.65%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (1.28%) Hadoop YARN
6 17 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 11 (0.83%) Nessus
8 10 (0.75%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 9 (0.68%) Microsoft Intune
9 9 (0.68%) Nagios
10 8 (0.60%) SCCM
11 7 (0.53%) logstash
11 7 (0.53%) vCenter Server
12 6 (0.45%) Kibana
13 5 (0.38%) QRadar
13 5 (0.38%) Salt
13 5 (0.38%) SCOM
14 4 (0.30%) Grafana
14 4 (0.30%) Packer
Vendors
1 214 (16.09%) Microsoft
2 106 (7.97%) Oracle
3 71 (5.34%) Tableau
4 47 (3.53%) Google
5 39 (2.93%) Cisco
5 39 (2.93%) VMware
6 31 (2.33%) Databricks
6 31 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
7 30 (2.26%) SAP
8 24 (1.80%) Red Hat
9 22 (1.65%) Splunk
10 17 (1.28%) Dell
11 16 (1.20%) Bloomberg
11 16 (1.20%) Informatica
12 15 (1.13%) Workday
13 14 (1.05%) NetApp
14 13 (0.98%) Adobe
14 13 (0.98%) EMC
14 13 (0.98%) IBM
14 13 (0.98%) Xamarin