Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 122 130 143
Rank change year-on-year +8 +13 +14
Contract jobs citing Computer Science 1,609 2,014 1,811
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.09% 2.12% 1.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.42% 2.44% 2.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 992 1,210 1,235
England median daily rate £500 £498 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.50% +5.85% +9.30%
10th Percentile £313 £315 £300
90th Percentile £736 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 95 86
England median hourly rate £46.75 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +20.00% +33.93%
10th Percentile £22.48 £17.60 £11.50
90th Percentile £82.50 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.22% +25.00% +2.86%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 66,594 82,431 81,127
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.38% 86.93% 86.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,152 55,209 54,422
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £644 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,033 2,119 1,928
England median hourly rate £24.00 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.44 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.80 £49.75
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Computer Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Computer Science in England over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Computer Science in England

Computer Science
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the England region over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +22 934 £525 - 657
South East +21 344 £450 +5.88% 249
South West -3 107 £450 +4.06% 110
East of England +29 88 £400 -2.44% 209
Midlands -34 63 £438 +2.94% 128
North of England -74 63 £425 +6.25% 169
East Midlands -9 37 £450 +5.88% 50
North West -46 34 £450 +25.00% 109
West Midlands -14 26 £325 -24.42% 78
Yorkshire -29 21 £420 -20.00% 46
North East 0 8 - - 14
Computer Science
UK

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 1,126 (69.98%) Degree
2 598 (37.17%) Agile Software Development
3 555 (34.49%) Computer Science Degree
4 446 (27.72%) Python
5 404 (25.11%) SQL
6 397 (24.67%) Mathematics
7 390 (24.24%) Finance
8 366 (22.75%) Java
9 334 (20.76%) JavaScript
10 314 (19.52%) Azure
11 295 (18.33%) Microsoft
12 290 (18.02%) Analytical Skills
13 264 (16.41%) Software Engineering
14 259 (16.10%) DevOps
15 243 (15.10%) AWS
16 235 (14.61%) C#
17 230 (14.29%) Analytics
18 222 (13.80%) Data Science
19 221 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
20 218 (13.55%) Git (software)
21 214 (13.30%) Machine Learning
22 208 (12.93%) Linux
23 203 (12.62%) React
24 192 (11.93%) Scrum
25 189 (11.75%) TDD
26 188 (11.68%) Continuous Integration
27 177 (11.00%) Algorithms
28 173 (10.75%) Windows
28 173 (10.75%) HTML
29 171 (10.63%) Test Automation

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (9.32%) Apache Spark
2 61 (3.79%) Apache
3 47 (2.92%) SharePoint
4 44 (2.73%) Confluence
4 44 (2.73%) Jupyter
5 37 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
6 25 (1.55%) MS Exchange
7 21 (1.31%) SAS
8 20 (1.24%) CMS
8 20 (1.24%) Skype for Business
9 15 (0.93%) IIS
9 15 (0.93%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.68%) JBoss
10 11 (0.68%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.56%) IBM Notes
13 8 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 8 (0.50%) Apache Airflow
14 7 (0.44%) nginx
15 6 (0.37%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 84 (5.22%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (2.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.75%) SPSS
5 11 (0.68%) MS Visio
6 8 (0.50%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.44%) Stata
8 5 (0.31%) CATIA
8 5 (0.31%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.31%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 5 (0.31%) PTC Creo
9 4 (0.25%) Windchill
10 3 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 3 (0.19%) Camtasia
10 3 (0.19%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.19%) XMetaL
11 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.062%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.062%) InDesign
12 1 (0.062%) InVision
Business Applications
1 9 (0.56%) FINCAD Analytics
2 7 (0.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 7 (0.44%) Temenos T24
3 6 (0.37%) SAP MDG
3 6 (0.37%) thinkFolio
4 5 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.25%) SAP MDM
6 3 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.12%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.12%) Sonata
7 2 (0.12%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.062%) Magento
8 1 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.062%) Relativity
8 1 (0.062%) SAP HCM
8 1 (0.062%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.062%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 314 (19.52%) Azure
2 243 (15.10%) AWS
3 104 (6.46%) Serverless
4 88 (5.47%) PaaS
5 84 (5.22%) Power Platform
6 82 (5.10%) Office 365
7 76 (4.72%) SaaS
8 67 (4.16%) IaaS
9 66 (4.10%) GCP
10 53 (3.29%) AWS Lambda
11 44 (2.73%) Amazon S3
12 39 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
13 33 (2.05%) Azure Active Directory
14 31 (1.93%) AWS CloudFormation
14 31 (1.93%) GitHub
15 30 (1.86%) Amazon Kinesis
16 24 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 24 (1.49%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 19 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
18 18 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 87 (5.41%) Firewall
2 75 (4.66%) Internet
3 62 (3.85%) DNS
4 54 (3.36%) VPN
4 54 (3.36%) WAN
5 52 (3.23%) TCP/IP
6 45 (2.80%) LAN
7 36 (2.24%) SAN
8 32 (1.99%) NAS
9 30 (1.86%) Reverse Proxy
10 25 (1.55%) Network Security
11 23 (1.43%) DHCP
11 23 (1.43%) HTTP
12 21 (1.31%) Skype
13 19 (1.18%) Wireless
14 18 (1.12%) Intrusion Detection
15 15 (0.93%) BGP
16 12 (0.75%) MPLS
16 12 (0.75%) OSPF
17 10 (0.62%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 166 (10.32%) Big Data
2 165 (10.25%) SQL Server
3 120 (7.46%) Hadoop
4 94 (5.84%) NoSQL
5 70 (4.35%) Power BI
6 69 (4.29%) MongoDB
7 66 (4.10%) Data Warehouse
8 54 (3.36%) MySQL
9 53 (3.29%) Relational Database
10 38 (2.36%) Azure SQL Database
10 38 (2.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 37 (2.30%) PostgreSQL
12 36 (2.24%) Data Mining
13 33 (2.05%) Cosmos DB
14 29 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
14 29 (1.80%) Data Lake
15 28 (1.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 28 (1.74%) Amazon Redshift
16 27 (1.68%) Apache Hive
17 24 (1.49%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 218 (13.55%) Git (software)
2 139 (8.64%) Jenkins
3 91 (5.66%) JIRA
4 38 (2.36%) Selenium
5 35 (2.18%) Maven
6 32 (1.99%) webpack
7 29 (1.80%) Cucumber
7 29 (1.80%) Visual Studio
8 27 (1.68%) Visual Studio Team System
9 26 (1.62%) TeamCity
10 22 (1.37%) Bitbucket
11 21 (1.31%) JUnit
12 20 (1.24%) Jasmine
13 19 (1.18%) Subversion
14 16 (0.99%) Gradle
15 15 (0.93%) Travis CI
16 14 (0.87%) Mocha
17 12 (0.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 11 (0.68%) Protractor
19 10 (0.62%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 390 (24.24%) Finance
2 87 (5.41%) Banking
3 81 (5.03%) Front Office
4 63 (3.92%) Marketing
5 49 (3.05%) Manufacturing
6 38 (2.36%) Legal
7 37 (2.30%) Advertising
8 35 (2.18%) Telecoms
9 33 (2.05%) Games
9 33 (2.05%) Retail
10 31 (1.93%) Investment Banking
11 30 (1.86%) Back Office
12 27 (1.68%) Publishing
13 26 (1.62%) Electronics
13 26 (1.62%) Public Sector
14 20 (1.24%) Financial Institution
15 13 (0.81%) Law
15 13 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.75%) Automotive
17 10 (0.62%) German Language
Job Titles
1 535 (33.25%) Developer
2 151 (9.38%) Architect
3 135 (8.39%) Analyst
4 121 (7.52%) Data Scientist
5 110 (6.84%) Java Developer
6 103 (6.40%) Software Engineer
7 95 (5.90%) Senior Developer
8 72 (4.47%) C# Developer
9 69 (4.29%) Data Engineer
10 66 (4.10%) Python Developer
11 49 (3.05%) .NET Developer
12 45 (2.80%) Software Developer
13 44 (2.73%) Solutions Architect
14 43 (2.67%) DevOps Engineer
15 42 (2.61%) Consultant
16 40 (2.49%) AWS Engineer
17 38 (2.36%) Cloud Engineer
18 37 (2.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 37 (2.30%) Full Stack Developer
19 35 (2.18%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 203 (12.62%) React
2 173 (10.75%) HTML
3 164 (10.19%) .NET
4 148 (9.20%) CSS
5 145 (9.01%) AngularJS
6 130 (8.08%) Kafka
6 130 (8.08%) REST
7 120 (7.46%) Web Services
8 88 (5.47%) XML
9 81 (5.03%) Node.js
10 76 (4.72%) Spring
11 72 (4.47%) RESTful
12 71 (4.41%) JSON
13 69 (4.29%) Vue.js
14 48 (2.98%) ASP.NET
15 46 (2.86%) Pandas
16 45 (2.80%) Natural Language Processing
17 42 (2.61%) .NET Framework
18 41 (2.55%) .NET Core
19 40 (2.49%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 290 (18.02%) Analytical Skills
2 177 (11.00%) Algorithms
3 115 (7.15%) User Experience
4 111 (6.90%) Management Information System
5 84 (5.22%) Data Structures
6 76 (4.72%) Self-Motivation
7 64 (3.98%) Hedge funds
8 63 (3.92%) Mobile App
9 60 (3.73%) Data Centre
10 56 (3.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 41 (2.55%) Greenfield Project
12 39 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
13 38 (2.36%) Replication
14 36 (2.24%) Public Cloud
15 35 (2.18%) Equities
16 27 (1.68%) Fixed Income
17 26 (1.62%) Life Science
18 24 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
19 22 (1.37%) Derivative
20 20 (1.24%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 208 (12.93%) Linux
2 173 (10.75%) Windows
3 74 (4.60%) Unix
4 38 (2.36%) Windows Server
5 32 (1.99%) Android
6 28 (1.74%) Windows 10
7 20 (1.24%) Apple iOS
8 12 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.68%) CentOS
10 10 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (0.56%) Ubuntu
12 8 (0.50%) Solaris
13 7 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
14 6 (0.37%) Windows 7
14 6 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.31%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.31%) VMS
16 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
17 3 (0.19%) AIX
17 3 (0.19%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 598 (37.17%) Agile Software Development
2 397 (24.67%) Mathematics
3 264 (16.41%) Software Engineering
4 259 (16.10%) DevOps
5 230 (14.29%) Analytics
6 222 (13.80%) Data Science
7 221 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
8 214 (13.30%) Machine Learning
9 192 (11.93%) Scrum
10 189 (11.75%) TDD
11 188 (11.68%) Continuous Integration
12 171 (10.63%) Test Automation
13 154 (9.57%) Microservices
14 147 (9.14%) OO
15 137 (8.51%) Statistics
16 127 (7.89%) Visualisation
17 119 (7.40%) Physics
18 107 (6.65%) Project Management
19 103 (6.40%) Artificial Intelligence
20 101 (6.28%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 446 (27.72%) Python
2 404 (25.11%) SQL
3 366 (22.75%) Java
4 334 (20.76%) JavaScript
5 235 (14.61%) C#
6 147 (9.14%) C++
7 105 (6.53%) R
8 88 (5.47%) Scala
9 81 (5.03%) C
10 75 (4.66%) PHP
11 69 (4.29%) PowerShell
12 44 (2.73%) Perl
12 44 (2.73%) TypeScript
13 33 (2.05%) T-SQL
14 31 (1.93%) Java 8
15 25 (1.55%) Bash Shell
15 25 (1.55%) Go
16 24 (1.49%) Ruby
17 22 (1.37%) PL/SQL
18 21 (1.31%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,126 (69.98%) Degree
2 555 (34.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 166 (10.32%) Security Cleared
4 128 (7.96%) PhD
5 115 (7.15%) SC Cleared
6 113 (7.02%) Master's Degree
7 43 (2.67%) Microsoft Certification
8 36 (2.24%) Cisco Certification
8 36 (2.24%) CISSP
9 34 (2.11%) Numerate Degree
10 28 (1.74%) DV Cleared
11 23 (1.43%) MCP
12 22 (1.37%) CCNA
12 22 (1.37%) PMI Certification
13 20 (1.24%) MCSA
14 19 (1.18%) PMP
15 18 (1.12%) AWS Certification
15 18 (1.12%) CCNP
15 18 (1.12%) GIAC
15 18 (1.12%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (6.15%) QA
2 31 (1.93%) Data Quality
3 21 (1.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 19 (1.18%) SLA
5 17 (1.06%) COBIT
6 16 (0.99%) GDPR
7 15 (0.93%) NIST
8 13 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 11 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 9 (0.56%) NCSC
11 8 (0.50%) GxP
12 7 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 5 (0.31%) PMO
14 4 (0.25%) GMP
14 4 (0.25%) MiFID
14 4 (0.25%) NIST 800
14 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
15 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
16 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
16 2 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 156 (9.70%) Docker
2 75 (4.66%) Active Directory
3 40 (2.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.12%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (0.93%) HDFS
6 13 (0.81%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.62%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.37%) XenDesktop
9 5 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.25%) vSphere
11 3 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 3 (0.19%) Firmware
11 3 (0.19%) LXC
11 3 (0.19%) NFS
11 3 (0.19%) XenApp
12 2 (0.12%) Ceph
12 2 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.062%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 117 (7.27%) Kubernetes
2 56 (3.48%) Ansible
3 55 (3.42%) Terraform
4 48 (2.98%) Puppet
5 21 (1.31%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (1.31%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (1.18%) Nagios
7 14 (0.87%) SCCM
8 11 (0.68%) vCenter Server
8 11 (0.68%) vRealize
9 10 (0.62%) Prometheus
9 10 (0.62%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 9 (0.56%) Grafana
10 9 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
11 8 (0.50%) logstash
11 8 (0.50%) Microsoft Intune
11 8 (0.50%) Oozie
12 7 (0.44%) Kibana
13 6 (0.37%) Nessus
13 6 (0.37%) Packer
Vendors
1 295 (18.33%) Microsoft
2 114 (7.09%) Oracle
3 63 (3.92%) VMware
4 59 (3.67%) Google
5 58 (3.60%) Tableau
6 56 (3.48%) Cisco
7 42 (2.61%) Salesforce.com
8 38 (2.36%) Databricks
9 35 (2.18%) SAP
10 25 (1.55%) Informatica
11 23 (1.43%) Splunk
12 21 (1.31%) Red Hat
13 20 (1.24%) IBM
14 19 (1.18%) Adobe
14 19 (1.18%) Workday
14 19 (1.18%) Xamarin
15 18 (1.12%) Citrix
16 15 (0.93%) EMC
16 15 (0.93%) IBM Sterling
16 15 (0.93%) NetApp