Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 18 14
Rank change year-on-year -4 -4 +1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 7,073 10,455 16,496
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.45% 10.20% 11.97%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.69% 47.34% 48.24%
Number of salaries quoted 4,912 7,877 11,871
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £26,250
25th Percentile £41,000 £35,750 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,479 22,084 34,197
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.68% 21.55% 24.82%
Number of salaries quoted 10,846 16,690 25,107
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,500 £26,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,000 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +2.04%
75th Percentile £72,500 £68,750 £67,037
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £51,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.80% +3.00% +5.26%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2,967 £67,500 +12.50% 675
South East -2 1,450 £50,000 +5.26% 430
North of England -2 776 £47,500 +5.56% 376
South West -4 661 £45,000 - 199
Midlands -4 564 £47,000 +3.21% 271
East of England +5 552 £50,000 +5.26% 291
West Midlands +2 405 £50,000 +16.28% 176
North West -6 390 £47,500 +5.56% 190
Yorkshire +15 309 £50,000 +26.96% 126
East Midlands -19 162 £42,500 -10.99% 94
North East -7 78 £39,500 -15.05% 61
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 2,821 (39.88%) Computer Science
2 2,057 (29.08%) Agile Software Development
3 1,812 (25.62%) SQL
4 1,640 (23.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 1,561 (22.07%) Finance
6 1,546 (21.86%) Python
7 1,532 (21.66%) JavaScript
8 1,342 (18.97%) Problem-Solving
9 1,319 (18.65%) Software Engineering
10 1,217 (17.21%) C#
11 1,185 (16.75%) Java
12 1,121 (15.85%) Microsoft
13 1,119 (15.82%) Analytical Skills
14 1,050 (14.85%) Azure
15 957 (13.53%) Mathematics
16 934 (13.21%) .NET
17 900 (12.72%) AWS
18 891 (12.60%) DevOps
19 823 (11.64%) Linux
20 818 (11.57%) CSS
21 796 (11.25%) HTML
22 744 (10.52%) Analytics
23 715 (10.11%) SQL Server
24 705 (9.97%) React
25 703 (9.94%) Test Automation
26 695 (9.83%) Git (software)
27 633 (8.95%) Windows
28 615 (8.70%) Docker
29 611 (8.64%) Project Management
30 591 (8.36%) Scrum

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (3.45%) SharePoint
2 160 (2.26%) Confluence
3 137 (1.94%) Apache Spark
4 108 (1.53%) IIS
5 96 (1.36%) CMS
6 86 (1.22%) Apache
7 81 (1.15%) SAS
8 67 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
9 61 (0.86%) Tomcat
10 44 (0.62%) MS Exchange
11 40 (0.57%) nginx
12 32 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 28 (0.40%) WordPress
14 26 (0.37%) Jupyter
15 23 (0.33%) OpenStack
16 22 (0.31%) GemFire
17 21 (0.30%) ArcGIS
18 18 (0.25%) Skype for Business
19 17 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
20 12 (0.17%) Luigi
Applications
1 301 (4.26%) Microsoft Office
2 276 (3.90%) Microsoft Excel
3 78 (1.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.82%) Simulink
5 49 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
6 48 (0.68%) MS Visio
7 37 (0.52%) Stateflow
8 34 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
9 29 (0.41%) AutoCAD
10 25 (0.35%) Figma
10 25 (0.35%) Photoshop
11 24 (0.34%) Sketch
12 23 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 23 (0.33%) InVision
13 15 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
14 11 (0.16%) SPSS
15 9 (0.13%) OrCAD
15 9 (0.13%) Revit
16 8 (0.11%) Adobe XD
16 8 (0.11%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 124 (1.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 26 (0.37%) NetSuite
4 22 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
5 20 (0.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 19 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
7 16 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
8 13 (0.18%) Magento
8 13 (0.18%) SAP ERP
9 12 (0.17%) Sentinel
10 11 (0.16%) SAP SD
11 10 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
12 8 (0.11%) FastStats
12 8 (0.11%) Shopify
13 7 (0.099%) HFM
13 7 (0.099%) Oracle Clinical
13 7 (0.099%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
13 7 (0.099%) SAP EWM
13 7 (0.099%) SAP WM
14 6 (0.085%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1,050 (14.85%) Azure
2 900 (12.72%) AWS
3 414 (5.85%) SaaS
4 313 (4.43%) GCP
5 293 (4.14%) Power Platform
6 247 (3.49%) Microsoft 365
7 221 (3.12%) PaaS
8 178 (2.52%) GitHub
9 144 (2.04%) Serverless
10 131 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
11 121 (1.71%) IaaS
12 120 (1.70%) Azure Active Directory
13 97 (1.37%) Dynamics 365
14 74 (1.05%) Amazon S3
15 73 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
16 72 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
17 57 (0.81%) PowerApps
18 48 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
18 48 (0.68%) Google Analytics
19 36 (0.51%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 250 (3.53%) Firewall
2 198 (2.80%) Internet
3 106 (1.50%) DNS
4 104 (1.47%) TCP/IP
5 91 (1.29%) Wireless
6 90 (1.27%) WAN
7 88 (1.24%) LAN
8 86 (1.22%) VPN
9 80 (1.13%) Network Security
10 61 (0.86%) HTTP
11 60 (0.85%) VoIP
12 53 (0.75%) SSL
13 43 (0.61%) SAN
14 41 (0.58%) DHCP
14 41 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
15 37 (0.52%) BGP
16 35 (0.49%) Unified Communications
17 30 (0.42%) Skype
18 29 (0.41%) 4G
18 29 (0.41%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 715 (10.11%) SQL Server
2 345 (4.88%) NoSQL
3 343 (4.85%) Relational Database
4 325 (4.59%) Big Data
5 239 (3.38%) PostgreSQL
6 234 (3.31%) Power BI
7 225 (3.18%) MySQL
8 213 (3.01%) MongoDB
9 195 (2.76%) Tableau
10 189 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
11 143 (2.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 142 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 107 (1.51%) Hadoop
14 87 (1.23%) Data Mining
15 81 (1.15%) RDBMS
16 74 (1.05%) Redis
17 62 (0.88%) Data Lake
17 62 (0.88%) Oracle Database
18 61 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
19 51 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 695 (9.83%) Git (software)
2 356 (5.03%) JIRA
3 271 (3.83%) Jenkins
4 180 (2.54%) Selenium
5 167 (2.36%) Visual Studio
6 124 (1.75%) Subversion
7 109 (1.54%) Team Foundation Server
8 91 (1.29%) Gradle
9 90 (1.27%) Maven
10 84 (1.19%) Rational DOORS
11 77 (1.09%) GitLab
12 74 (1.05%) Visual Studio Team System
13 71 (1.00%) JUnit
14 69 (0.98%) Cucumber
15 61 (0.86%) Mercurial
16 60 (0.85%) webpack
17 56 (0.79%) Cypress.io
18 55 (0.78%) Bitbucket
19 51 (0.72%) Artifactory
20 47 (0.66%) TeamCity
General
1 1,561 (22.07%) Finance
2 552 (7.80%) Marketing
3 343 (4.85%) Telecoms
4 331 (4.68%) Public Sector
5 325 (4.59%) Electronics
6 321 (4.54%) Manufacturing
7 292 (4.13%) Banking
8 252 (3.56%) Retail
9 235 (3.32%) Law
10 205 (2.90%) Games
11 183 (2.59%) Aerospace
12 159 (2.25%) Legal
13 144 (2.04%) Pharmaceutical
14 115 (1.63%) Advertising
15 89 (1.26%) Front Office
16 87 (1.23%) Automotive
17 67 (0.95%) Local Government
18 61 (0.86%) French Language
19 55 (0.78%) Military
20 54 (0.76%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,926 (27.23%) Developer
2 710 (10.04%) Software Engineer
3 630 (8.91%) Analyst
4 414 (5.85%) Senior Developer
5 397 (5.61%) Consultant
6 368 (5.20%) Software Developer
7 359 (5.08%) Architect
8 324 (4.58%) Graduate
9 318 (4.50%) .NET Developer
10 299 (4.23%) Junior
11 283 (4.00%) C# Developer
12 232 (3.28%) Java Developer
13 196 (2.77%) Full Stack Developer
14 179 (2.53%) Systems Engineer
15 168 (2.38%) C# .NET Developer
16 164 (2.32%) Python Engineer
17 153 (2.16%) Junior Developer
18 149 (2.11%) Business Analyst
18 149 (2.11%) Solutions Architect
19 148 (2.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 934 (13.21%) .NET
2 818 (11.57%) CSS
3 796 (11.25%) HTML
4 705 (9.97%) React
5 565 (7.99%) Node.js
6 452 (6.39%) AngularJS
7 427 (6.04%) REST
8 359 (5.08%) Web Services
9 349 (4.93%) .NET Core
10 277 (3.92%) Vue.js
11 263 (3.72%) .NET Framework
12 248 (3.51%) HTML5
13 237 (3.35%) jQuery
14 233 (3.29%) RESTful
15 214 (3.03%) ASP.NET
16 199 (2.81%) XML
17 198 (2.80%) Spring
18 162 (2.29%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 154 (2.18%) JSON
20 152 (2.15%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,119 (15.82%) Analytical Skills
2 441 (6.23%) User Experience
3 426 (6.02%) Management Information System
4 401 (5.67%) Self-Motivation
5 377 (5.33%) Algorithms
6 223 (3.15%) Mobile App
7 197 (2.79%) Data Structures
8 187 (2.64%) Data Centre
9 147 (2.08%) Public Cloud
10 139 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
11 126 (1.78%) Life Science
12 115 (1.63%) Virtual Team
13 108 (1.53%) Greenfield Project
14 106 (1.50%) N-Tier
15 86 (1.22%) Robotics
16 82 (1.16%) Driving Licence
17 77 (1.09%) Client/Server
18 76 (1.07%) Hedge funds
19 75 (1.06%) Blog
19 75 (1.06%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 823 (11.64%) Linux
2 633 (8.95%) Windows
3 208 (2.94%) Unix
4 192 (2.71%) Android
5 174 (2.46%) Windows Server
6 156 (2.21%) Apple iOS
7 62 (0.88%) Windows 10
8 53 (0.75%) Windows Server 2016
9 43 (0.61%) Ubuntu
10 39 (0.55%) Embedded Linux
11 36 (0.51%) CentOS
12 34 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
13 27 (0.38%) Mac OS
14 24 (0.34%) Debian
14 24 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 17 (0.24%) Windows 7
16 15 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
17 13 (0.18%) Mac OS X
18 11 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
19 10 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,821 (39.88%) Computer Science
2 2,057 (29.08%) Agile Software Development
3 1,342 (18.97%) Problem-Solving
4 1,319 (18.65%) Software Engineering
5 957 (13.53%) Mathematics
6 891 (12.60%) DevOps
7 744 (10.52%) Analytics
8 703 (9.94%) Test Automation
9 611 (8.64%) Project Management
10 591 (8.36%) Scrum
11 580 (8.20%) Microservices
12 564 (7.97%) Business Intelligence
13 541 (7.65%) Mentoring
14 539 (7.62%) OO
15 508 (7.18%) Machine Learning
16 462 (6.53%) Fintech
17 438 (6.19%) Continuous Integration
18 418 (5.91%) ITIL
19 413 (5.84%) Data Science
20 409 (5.78%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,812 (25.62%) SQL
2 1,546 (21.86%) Python
3 1,532 (21.66%) JavaScript
4 1,217 (17.21%) C#
5 1,185 (16.75%) Java
6 562 (7.95%) C++
7 405 (5.73%) C
8 359 (5.08%) TypeScript
9 232 (3.28%) PowerShell
10 206 (2.91%) PHP
11 186 (2.63%) Go
12 185 (2.62%) T-SQL
13 167 (2.36%) R
14 160 (2.26%) Bash Shell
15 152 (2.15%) ES6
16 110 (1.56%) MATLAB
17 93 (1.31%) Kotlin
18 92 (1.30%) Perl
18 92 (1.30%) Ruby
19 90 (1.27%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 1,640 (23.19%) Computer Science Degree
2 418 (5.91%) Master's Degree
3 413 (5.84%) Security Cleared
4 278 (3.93%) Numerate Degree
5 256 (3.62%) SC Cleared
6 203 (2.87%) PhD
7 157 (2.22%) CISSP
7 157 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
8 142 (2.01%) Cisco Certification
9 121 (1.71%) DV Cleared
9 121 (1.71%) HND
10 113 (1.60%) HNC
11 87 (1.23%) ISTQB
11 87 (1.23%) MCSE
12 80 (1.13%) CCNA
13 75 (1.06%) CISM
14 63 (0.89%) CCNP
15 62 (0.88%) PMI Certification
16 48 (0.68%) ISEB
17 47 (0.66%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 422 (5.97%) QA
2 123 (1.74%) GDPR
3 108 (1.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 104 (1.47%) Data Quality
5 67 (0.95%) SLA
6 61 (0.86%) NIST
7 48 (0.68%) GRC
8 38 (0.54%) PCI DSS
9 34 (0.48%) Good Clinical Practice
10 32 (0.45%) PMO
11 31 (0.44%) CDISC
12 29 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
13 19 (0.27%) ISO 9001
14 17 (0.24%) MiFID
14 17 (0.24%) MISRA
15 15 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 14 (0.20%) GxP
16 14 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 13 (0.18%) EMIR
18 12 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 615 (8.70%) Docker
2 278 (3.93%) Active Directory
3 201 (2.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 102 (1.44%) Firmware
5 57 (0.81%) Hyper-V
6 36 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
7 33 (0.47%) vSphere
8 30 (0.42%) HDFS
8 30 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
9 26 (0.37%) KVM
10 14 (0.20%) Kamailio
11 12 (0.17%) iptables
11 12 (0.17%) Postfix
11 12 (0.17%) QEMU
12 10 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
13 8 (0.11%) Xen
14 7 (0.099%) LXC
14 7 (0.099%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.085%) BitLocker
15 6 (0.085%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 462 (6.53%) Kubernetes
2 216 (3.05%) Terraform
3 181 (2.56%) Ansible
4 139 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
5 120 (1.70%) Puppet
6 67 (0.95%) SCCM
7 47 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
8 22 (0.31%) Grafana
9 21 (0.30%) Prometheus
9 21 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (0.25%) HP UCMDB
10 18 (0.25%) ZABBIX
11 14 (0.20%) HAProxy
11 14 (0.20%) Kibana
12 12 (0.17%) Galera Cluster
12 12 (0.17%) Salt
13 11 (0.16%) FortiGate
13 11 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.16%) Nmap
14 10 (0.14%) Nessus
Vendors
1 1,121 (15.85%) Microsoft
2 343 (4.85%) Oracle
3 315 (4.45%) Google
4 273 (3.86%) SAP
5 265 (3.75%) VMware
6 182 (2.57%) Cisco
7 145 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
8 97 (1.37%) IBM
9 96 (1.36%) Twitter
10 85 (1.20%) Databricks
11 68 (0.96%) Adobe
11 68 (0.96%) Nintex
12 57 (0.81%) Atlassian
13 53 (0.75%) EMC
14 52 (0.74%) ServiceNow
15 51 (0.72%) Facebook
15 51 (0.72%) Juniper
16 49 (0.69%) Citrix
17 48 (0.68%) Apple
18 46 (0.65%) Splunk