Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 17,516 21,090 22,127
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 11.92% 12.64% 12.65%
As % of the Qualifications category 49.77% 52.79% 48.50%
Number of salaries quoted 12,734 16,018 18,089
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £78,750
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.40% +1.11% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 35,194 39,950 45,618
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 23.94% 23.93% 26.08%
Number of salaries quoted 25,988 30,940 36,667
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,348 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 7,942 £60,000 +9.09% 1,138
South East +1 3,790 £45,000 +5.88% 745
North of England -4 1,853 £42,500 +4.94% 475
Midlands +4 1,527 £40,000 +14.29% 463
East of England -5 1,309 £42,500 -5.56% 451
North West -1 1,122 £45,000 +5.88% 269
South West -2 1,082 £40,000 - 315
West Midlands +3 881 £40,000 +14.29% 268
East Midlands +6 639 £40,500 +15.71% 195
Yorkshire +6 604 £40,000 +6.67% 147
North East -11 131 £50,000 +13.93% 59
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 6,582 (37.58%) Computer Science
2 5,749 (32.82%) Agile Software Development
3 4,804 (27.43%) Finance
4 4,247 (24.25%) SQL
5 3,854 (22.00%) Computer Science Degree
6 3,657 (20.88%) Java
7 3,120 (17.81%) C#
8 3,117 (17.80%) Problem-Solving
9 3,022 (17.25%) Software Engineering
10 3,007 (17.17%) JavaScript
11 2,952 (16.85%) Microsoft
12 2,709 (15.47%) Analytical Skills
13 2,591 (14.79%) Python
14 2,458 (14.03%) Mathematics
15 2,360 (13.47%) .NET
16 2,277 (13.00%) HTML
17 2,272 (12.97%) SQL Server
18 2,258 (12.89%) Linux
19 2,021 (11.54%) Analytics
20 1,998 (11.41%) Windows
21 1,912 (10.92%) Project Management
22 1,832 (10.46%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,797 (10.26%) CSS
24 1,767 (10.09%) Amazon AWS
25 1,732 (9.89%) C++
26 1,683 (9.61%) Scrum
27 1,441 (8.23%) Test Automation
28 1,403 (8.01%) DevOps
29 1,356 (7.74%) Git (software)
30 1,322 (7.55%) Marketing

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 437 (2.49%) Apache
2 392 (2.24%) Apache Spark
3 325 (1.86%) CMS
4 320 (1.83%) SharePoint
5 275 (1.57%) IIS
6 246 (1.40%) SAS
7 234 (1.34%) Confluence
7 234 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
8 215 (1.23%) Tomcat
9 209 (1.19%) MS Exchange
10 122 (0.70%) WebSphere
11 111 (0.63%) JBoss
12 90 (0.51%) WebLogic
13 88 (0.50%) OpenStack
14 83 (0.47%) EPiServer
15 75 (0.43%) nginx
16 74 (0.42%) WordPress
17 73 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2010
18 71 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
19 62 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 792 (4.52%) Microsoft Office
2 746 (4.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 325 (1.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 223 (1.27%) MS Visio
5 174 (0.99%) Microsoft Project
6 142 (0.81%) Photoshop
7 115 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
8 79 (0.45%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 68 (0.39%) SPSS
10 58 (0.33%) InVision
11 46 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
12 42 (0.24%) Simulink
13 22 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
14 21 (0.12%) InDesign
15 20 (0.11%) AutoCAD
16 14 (0.080%) SOLIDWORKS
17 13 (0.074%) Stata
18 9 (0.051%) Adobe After Effects
19 8 (0.046%) RoboHelp
19 8 (0.046%) Weka
Business Applications
1 165 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 91 (0.52%) thinkFolio
3 53 (0.30%) Magento
4 51 (0.29%) Temenos T24
5 42 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 37 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 35 (0.20%) Eloqua
8 33 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
9 31 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
9 31 (0.18%) Relativity
10 28 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
11 24 (0.14%) NetSuite
11 24 (0.14%) SAP ERP
12 23 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
13 22 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
14 20 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
15 18 (0.10%) SAP BPC
16 17 (0.097%) HFM
16 17 (0.097%) Oracle Receivables
16 17 (0.097%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 1,832 (10.46%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,767 (10.09%) Amazon AWS
3 520 (2.97%) SaaS
4 472 (2.69%) Office 365
5 320 (1.83%) Google Cloud Platform
6 302 (1.72%) PaaS
7 290 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
8 287 (1.64%) GitHub
9 216 (1.23%) IaaS
10 119 (0.68%) npm
11 113 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
12 107 (0.61%) Serverless
13 103 (0.59%) Google Analytics
14 83 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
15 67 (0.38%) Amazon S3
16 58 (0.33%) Amazon EMR
17 45 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
17 45 (0.26%) Azure Active Directory
18 44 (0.25%) Dynamics 365
19 41 (0.23%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 701 (4.00%) Firewall
2 500 (2.85%) TCP/IP
3 483 (2.76%) Internet
4 345 (1.97%) WAN
5 334 (1.91%) LAN
6 326 (1.86%) DNS
7 264 (1.51%) HTTP
8 250 (1.43%) VPN
9 229 (1.31%) Network Security
10 227 (1.30%) Wireless
11 200 (1.14%) DHCP
12 144 (0.82%) SAN
13 143 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
14 125 (0.71%) VoIP
15 113 (0.65%) SSL
16 108 (0.62%) SNMP
17 107 (0.61%) OSPF
18 105 (0.60%) MPLS
19 104 (0.59%) BGP
20 94 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,272 (12.97%) SQL Server
2 1,071 (6.11%) Big Data
3 851 (4.86%) NoSQL
4 690 (3.94%) Relational Database
5 650 (3.71%) MySQL
6 501 (2.86%) Hadoop
7 467 (2.67%) MongoDB
8 434 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
9 386 (2.20%) Power BI
10 364 (2.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 354 (2.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 342 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
13 212 (1.21%) Oracle Database
14 207 (1.18%) Blockchain
15 195 (1.11%) SQL Server 2012
16 190 (1.08%) RDBMS
17 177 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 161 (0.92%) Data Mining
19 159 (0.91%) Apache Hive
20 146 (0.83%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,356 (7.74%) Git (software)
2 783 (4.47%) JIRA
3 637 (3.64%) Jenkins
4 517 (2.95%) Visual Studio
5 484 (2.76%) Selenium
6 432 (2.47%) Team Foundation Server
7 387 (2.21%) Subversion
8 374 (2.14%) Maven
9 250 (1.43%) JUnit
10 226 (1.29%) Cucumber
11 211 (1.20%) TeamCity
12 158 (0.90%) NUnit
13 156 (0.89%) Gradle
14 152 (0.87%) Eclipse
15 141 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
16 135 (0.77%) gulp
17 116 (0.66%) Visual Studio Team System
18 111 (0.63%) WebDriver
19 108 (0.62%) webpack
20 102 (0.58%) SpecFlow
General
1 4,804 (27.43%) Finance
2 1,322 (7.55%) Marketing
3 1,227 (7.01%) Banking
4 935 (5.34%) Retail
5 807 (4.61%) Telecoms
6 616 (3.52%) Electronics
7 600 (3.43%) Manufacturing
8 572 (3.27%) Games
9 439 (2.51%) Investment Banking
10 374 (2.14%) Legal
11 348 (1.99%) Front Office
12 318 (1.82%) Law
13 292 (1.67%) Advertising
14 288 (1.64%) Automotive
15 271 (1.55%) Financial Institution
16 240 (1.37%) French Language
17 210 (1.20%) German Language
18 160 (0.91%) Aerospace
19 144 (0.82%) Back Office
20 138 (0.79%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,766 (27.21%) Developer
2 2,326 (13.28%) Analyst
3 1,512 (8.63%) Graduate
4 1,227 (7.01%) Software Engineer
5 1,169 (6.67%) Java Developer
6 1,104 (6.30%) Consultant
7 985 (5.62%) Architect
8 876 (5.00%) Junior
9 859 (4.90%) Software Developer
10 825 (4.71%) .NET Developer
11 806 (4.60%) Graduate Developer
12 775 (4.42%) C# Developer
13 739 (4.22%) Senior Developer
14 694 (3.96%) Business Analyst
15 575 (3.28%) Project Manager
16 501 (2.86%) Junior Developer
17 392 (2.24%) C# .NET Developer
18 332 (1.90%) Data Scientist
18 332 (1.90%) Support Engineer
19 281 (1.60%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,360 (13.47%) .NET
2 2,277 (13.00%) HTML
3 1,797 (10.26%) CSS
4 1,287 (7.35%) AngularJS
5 1,283 (7.32%) Web Services
6 961 (5.49%) ASP.NET
7 820 (4.68%) HTML5
8 775 (4.42%) Spring
9 730 (4.17%) RESTful
10 713 (4.07%) React
11 700 (4.00%) XML
12 694 (3.96%) jQuery
13 637 (3.64%) REST
14 620 (3.54%) Node.js
15 494 (2.82%) .NET Framework
16 442 (2.52%) ASP.NET Web API
17 383 (2.19%) CSS3
18 375 (2.14%) JSON
19 368 (2.10%) WCF
20 363 (2.07%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 2,709 (15.47%) Analytical Skills
2 1,051 (6.00%) User Experience
3 997 (5.69%) Self-Motivation
4 975 (5.57%) Management Information System
5 706 (4.03%) Algorithms
6 640 (3.65%) Fintech
7 503 (2.87%) Data Centre
8 400 (2.28%) Mobile App
9 382 (2.18%) Data Structures
10 351 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
11 335 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
12 321 (1.83%) Hedge funds
13 319 (1.82%) Derivative
14 296 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 295 (1.68%) Fixed Income
16 281 (1.60%) Equities
17 236 (1.35%) Public Cloud
18 220 (1.26%) Virtual Team
19 216 (1.23%) Embedded Systems
20 181 (1.03%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 2,258 (12.89%) Linux
2 1,998 (11.41%) Windows
3 693 (3.96%) Unix
4 566 (3.23%) Windows Server
5 431 (2.46%) Android
6 424 (2.42%) Apple iOS
7 207 (1.18%) Windows 7
8 200 (1.14%) Windows 10
9 197 (1.12%) Windows Server 2008
10 169 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
11 166 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 124 (0.71%) CentOS
13 89 (0.51%) Mac OS X
14 80 (0.46%) Ubuntu
15 71 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
16 63 (0.36%) Debian
17 59 (0.34%) Solaris
18 56 (0.32%) FreeRTOS
19 51 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
20 44 (0.25%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,582 (37.58%) Computer Science
2 5,749 (32.82%) Agile Software Development
3 3,117 (17.80%) Problem-Solving
4 3,022 (17.25%) Software Engineering
5 2,458 (14.03%) Mathematics
6 2,021 (11.54%) Analytics
7 1,912 (10.92%) Project Management
8 1,683 (9.61%) Scrum
9 1,441 (8.23%) Test Automation
10 1,403 (8.01%) DevOps
11 1,277 (7.29%) TDD
12 1,240 (7.08%) OO
13 1,215 (6.94%) ITIL
14 1,208 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
15 1,200 (6.85%) SDLC
16 1,127 (6.43%) MVC
17 1,118 (6.38%) Business Intelligence
18 1,094 (6.25%) Mentoring
19 1,021 (5.83%) Continuous Improvement
20 1,000 (5.71%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 4,247 (24.25%) SQL
2 3,657 (20.88%) Java
3 3,120 (17.81%) C#
4 3,007 (17.17%) JavaScript
5 2,591 (14.79%) Python
6 1,732 (9.89%) C++
7 1,270 (7.25%) C
8 602 (3.44%) PHP
9 556 (3.17%) PowerShell
10 540 (3.08%) R
11 510 (2.91%) T-SQL
12 472 (2.69%) Ruby
13 400 (2.28%) Bash Shell
14 348 (1.99%) Perl
15 326 (1.86%) Scala
16 311 (1.78%) Java 8
17 247 (1.41%) Shell Script
18 208 (1.19%) TypeScript
19 199 (1.14%) Go
20 179 (1.02%) VB
Qualifications
1 3,854 (22.00%) Computer Science Degree
2 707 (4.04%) Master's Degree
3 633 (3.61%) Security Cleared
4 551 (3.15%) Numerate Degree
5 520 (2.97%) CISSP
6 472 (2.69%) Cisco Certification
7 418 (2.39%) Microsoft Certification
8 410 (2.34%) PhD
9 308 (1.76%) SC Cleared
10 302 (1.72%) PMI Certification
11 240 (1.37%) MCSE
12 238 (1.36%) ISEB
13 225 (1.28%) ISTQB
14 218 (1.24%) PMP
15 214 (1.22%) CCNA
16 211 (1.20%) CISM
17 208 (1.19%) DV Cleared
18 174 (0.99%) CCNP
19 165 (0.94%) MBA
20 153 (0.87%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,202 (6.86%) QA
2 462 (2.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 313 (1.79%) GDPR
4 269 (1.54%) SLA
5 209 (1.19%) PMO
6 202 (1.15%) Data Quality
7 122 (0.70%) PCI DSS
8 69 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 59 (0.34%) COBIT
10 57 (0.33%) MiFID
10 57 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 55 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
12 34 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
12 34 (0.19%) ISO 26262
13 33 (0.19%) IFRS
14 30 (0.17%) ISO 9001
15 27 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 26 (0.15%) Solvency II
17 20 (0.11%) FATCA
18 17 (0.097%) GAMP
System Software
1 877 (5.01%) Active Directory
2 760 (4.34%) Docker
3 466 (2.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 228 (1.30%) Firmware
5 225 (1.28%) Hyper-V
6 90 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
7 73 (0.42%) vSphere
8 69 (0.39%) HDFS
9 66 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
10 60 (0.34%) XenApp
11 35 (0.20%) XenDesktop
12 31 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
13 30 (0.17%) iptables
13 30 (0.17%) VirtualBox
14 23 (0.13%) BitLocker
15 21 (0.12%) Ceph
16 20 (0.11%) Xen
17 19 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
17 19 (0.11%) Terminal Services
17 19 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 406 (2.32%) Kubernetes
2 370 (2.11%) Ansible
3 360 (2.06%) Puppet
4 235 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
5 154 (0.88%) Terraform
6 145 (0.83%) SCCM
7 62 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
8 55 (0.31%) Nagios
9 46 (0.26%) Packer
10 44 (0.25%) SCOM
11 42 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
12 38 (0.22%) Backup Exec
12 38 (0.22%) Microsoft Intune
13 37 (0.21%) Salt
14 35 (0.20%) Consul
14 35 (0.20%) WSUS
15 34 (0.19%) QRadar
16 32 (0.18%) AirWatch
16 32 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
17 30 (0.17%) CSIRT
Vendors
1 2,952 (16.85%) Microsoft
2 1,185 (6.77%) Oracle
3 687 (3.92%) VMware
4 676 (3.86%) SAP
5 565 (3.23%) Google
6 526 (3.00%) Cisco
7 456 (2.60%) Tableau
8 407 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
9 280 (1.60%) Adobe
10 218 (1.24%) Red Hat
11 208 (1.19%) Citrix
11 208 (1.19%) IBM
12 168 (0.96%) Splunk
13 166 (0.95%) HP
14 153 (0.87%) CheckPoint
15 144 (0.82%) EMC
16 141 (0.80%) NetApp
17 131 (0.75%) F5
18 104 (0.59%) Atlassian
19 97 (0.55%) Palo Alto