Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 19 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 10,274 6,747 15,275
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.31% 10.36% 11.45%
As % of the Qualifications category 49.47% 46.77% 46.89%
Number of salaries quoted 5,762 5,067 11,015
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,750 £26,250
25th Percentile £40,313 £37,500 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 20,767 14,425 32,578
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.84% 22.14% 24.43%
Number of salaries quoted 12,508 10,875 24,043
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £26,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,475 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 4,557 £67,500 +3.85% 856
South East +3 2,386 £50,000 - 540
North of England -6 923 £45,000 -5.26% 460
South West -2 841 £47,500 +5.56% 246
Midlands -3 717 £44,750 -5.79% 300
East of England +4 694 £47,500 - 330
West Midlands 0 504 £45,000 -5.26% 198
North West -13 443 £44,500 -7.29% 250
Yorkshire +10 390 £47,500 +5.56% 128
East Midlands -12 215 £41,250 -13.16% 102
North East -2 92 £41,500 -7.78% 82
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 4,492 (43.72%) Computer Science
2 3,416 (33.25%) Social Skills
3 3,280 (31.93%) Agile Software Development
4 2,621 (25.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 2,462 (23.96%) Finance
6 2,370 (23.07%) SQL
7 2,317 (22.55%) Software Engineering
8 2,199 (21.40%) Python
9 2,089 (20.33%) JavaScript
10 1,888 (18.38%) Java
11 1,875 (18.25%) Problem-Solving
12 1,678 (16.33%) AWS
13 1,642 (15.98%) Analytical Skills
14 1,586 (15.44%) Azure
15 1,456 (14.17%) DevOps
16 1,419 (13.81%) C#
17 1,397 (13.60%) Mathematics
18 1,335 (12.99%) Microsoft
19 1,317 (12.82%) Linux
20 1,304 (12.69%) React
21 1,207 (11.75%) Analytics
22 1,159 (11.28%) CSS
23 1,076 (10.47%) Git (software)
24 1,044 (10.16%) Project Management
25 1,043 (10.15%) Docker
26 1,032 (10.04%) .NET
27 1,025 (9.98%) HTML
28 1,022 (9.95%) Node.js
29 1,018 (9.91%) Scrum
30 1,012 (9.85%) Microservices

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 391 (3.81%) Apache Spark
2 270 (2.63%) SharePoint
3 267 (2.60%) Apache
4 216 (2.10%) Confluence
5 203 (1.98%) GemFire
6 160 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
7 147 (1.43%) SAS
8 138 (1.34%) IIS
9 101 (0.98%) CMS
10 81 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
11 78 (0.76%) Tomcat
12 65 (0.63%) nginx
13 32 (0.31%) MS Exchange
13 32 (0.31%) Skype for Business
14 31 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 31 (0.30%) WordPress
15 30 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
16 25 (0.24%) Jupyter
17 24 (0.23%) OpenStack
18 23 (0.22%) Tornado
Applications
1 469 (4.56%) Microsoft Office
2 405 (3.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 127 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 122 (1.19%) Simulink
5 66 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
6 63 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
7 58 (0.56%) MS Visio
8 45 (0.44%) Stateflow
9 44 (0.43%) Sketch
10 40 (0.39%) Photoshop
11 38 (0.37%) Figma
11 38 (0.37%) InVision
12 32 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
13 28 (0.27%) Adobe XD
14 24 (0.23%) AutoCAD
15 22 (0.21%) Chatbot
16 19 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 19 (0.18%) SPSS
17 17 (0.17%) GIMP
18 15 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 91 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 42 (0.41%) NetSuite
3 35 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 24 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
5 22 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
6 18 (0.18%) FastStats
7 16 (0.16%) SAP ERP
8 15 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
9 14 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 14 (0.14%) TrackWise
10 13 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
10 13 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
10 13 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
10 13 (0.13%) R3 Corda
10 13 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 12 (0.12%) Oracle Clinical
11 12 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 1,678 (16.33%) AWS
2 1,586 (15.44%) Azure
3 642 (6.25%) GCP
4 628 (6.11%) SaaS
5 530 (5.16%) GitHub
6 390 (3.80%) Power Platform
7 346 (3.37%) Microsoft 365
8 302 (2.94%) PaaS
9 295 (2.87%) Serverless
10 196 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
11 188 (1.83%) Amazon Kinesis
12 154 (1.50%) IaaS
13 136 (1.32%) Azure Active Directory
14 126 (1.23%) AWS Lambda
15 124 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
16 102 (0.99%) Amazon S3
16 102 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
17 96 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
18 93 (0.91%) Google Analytics
19 88 (0.86%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 274 (2.67%) Firewall
2 238 (2.32%) Internet
3 171 (1.66%) TCP/IP
4 154 (1.50%) DNS
5 151 (1.47%) VPN
6 138 (1.34%) HTTP
7 117 (1.14%) Wireless
8 95 (0.92%) WAN
9 90 (0.88%) Network Security
10 87 (0.85%) LAN
11 86 (0.84%) Broadband
12 81 (0.79%) VoIP
13 79 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
14 73 (0.71%) DHCP
15 64 (0.62%) BGP
16 62 (0.60%) 5G
16 62 (0.60%) SAN
17 59 (0.57%) SSL
18 56 (0.55%) Ethernet
19 50 (0.49%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 862 (8.39%) SQL Server
2 806 (7.85%) NoSQL
3 686 (6.68%) Relational Database
4 569 (5.54%) PostgreSQL
5 558 (5.43%) Big Data
6 356 (3.47%) MongoDB
7 342 (3.33%) MySQL
7 342 (3.33%) Power BI
8 263 (2.56%) Tableau
9 247 (2.40%) Redis
10 235 (2.29%) MariaDB
11 215 (2.09%) Data Warehouse
12 209 (2.03%) HBase
13 193 (1.88%) Hadoop
14 188 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 148 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 140 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 132 (1.28%) Data Mining
18 125 (1.22%) Oracle Database
19 124 (1.21%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,076 (10.47%) Git (software)
2 662 (6.44%) Jenkins
3 508 (4.94%) JIRA
4 298 (2.90%) Gradle
5 280 (2.73%) JUnit
6 274 (2.67%) Cucumber
6 274 (2.67%) Cypress.io
7 241 (2.35%) Eclipse
8 234 (2.28%) Protractor
9 232 (2.26%) Selenium
10 222 (2.16%) Sonatype Nexus
11 212 (2.06%) Storybook
12 211 (2.05%) Mockito
13 204 (1.99%) IntelliJ
14 201 (1.96%) Visual Studio
15 178 (1.73%) GitLab
16 171 (1.66%) Artifactory
17 169 (1.64%) Subversion
18 151 (1.47%) SonarQube
19 118 (1.15%) Rational DOORS
General
1 3,416 (33.25%) Social Skills
2 2,462 (23.96%) Finance
3 1,642 (15.98%) Analytical Skills
4 856 (8.33%) Marketing
5 704 (6.85%) Banking
6 636 (6.19%) Law
7 533 (5.19%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 487 (4.74%) Presentation Skills
9 460 (4.48%) Telecoms
10 455 (4.43%) Manufacturing
11 450 (4.38%) Games
12 439 (4.27%) Retail
13 411 (4.00%) Pharmaceutical
14 377 (3.67%) Public Sector
15 373 (3.63%) Electronics
16 322 (3.13%) Organisational Skills
17 261 (2.54%) Legal
18 237 (2.31%) Influencing Skills
19 162 (1.58%) Advertising
20 154 (1.50%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,343 (22.81%) Developer
2 1,223 (11.90%) Software Engineer
3 933 (9.08%) Analyst
4 528 (5.14%) Architect
5 464 (4.52%) Consultant
6 449 (4.37%) Software Developer
7 433 (4.21%) Senior Developer
8 337 (3.28%) Junior
9 324 (3.15%) Graduate
10 305 (2.97%) Java Developer
11 286 (2.78%) .NET Developer
12 278 (2.71%) Senior Software Engineer
13 271 (2.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 269 (2.62%) Full Stack Developer
15 249 (2.42%) Systems Engineer
16 247 (2.40%) C# Developer
17 205 (2.00%) Solutions Architect
18 204 (1.99%) Principal Engineer
19 196 (1.91%) Business Analyst
19 196 (1.91%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,304 (12.69%) React
2 1,159 (11.28%) CSS
3 1,032 (10.04%) .NET
4 1,025 (9.98%) HTML
5 1,022 (9.95%) Node.js
6 978 (9.52%) AngularJS
7 669 (6.51%) REST
8 653 (6.36%) Web Services
9 542 (5.28%) RESTful
10 530 (5.16%) Spring
11 483 (4.70%) Kafka
12 350 (3.41%) JSON
13 345 (3.36%) .NET Core
14 341 (3.32%) Vue.js
15 332 (3.23%) Redux
16 329 (3.20%) RabbitMQ
17 321 (3.12%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 296 (2.88%) HTML5
19 268 (2.61%) jQuery
20 256 (2.49%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 866 (8.43%) User Experience
2 662 (6.44%) Algorithms
3 639 (6.22%) Management Information System
4 592 (5.76%) Self-Motivation
5 347 (3.38%) Data Structures
6 333 (3.24%) Life Science
7 295 (2.87%) Mobile App
8 240 (2.34%) Data Centre
9 217 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
10 216 (2.10%) Public Cloud
11 187 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
12 181 (1.76%) Cloud Native
13 165 (1.61%) Driving Licence
14 160 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
15 158 (1.54%) Blog
16 155 (1.51%) Virtual Team
17 135 (1.31%) Client/Server
18 131 (1.28%) Social Media
19 102 (0.99%) Robotics
20 101 (0.98%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,317 (12.82%) Linux
2 827 (8.05%) Windows
3 488 (4.75%) Unix
4 294 (2.86%) Android
5 199 (1.94%) Windows Server
6 196 (1.91%) Apple iOS
7 106 (1.03%) Windows 10
8 60 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
9 52 (0.51%) CentOS
10 48 (0.47%) Windows Server 2016
11 44 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 43 (0.42%) Ubuntu
13 36 (0.35%) Windows 7
13 36 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
14 27 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
15 26 (0.25%) Mac OS
16 21 (0.20%) Debian
17 14 (0.14%) Fedora
18 13 (0.13%) Mac OS X
18 13 (0.13%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,492 (43.72%) Computer Science
2 3,280 (31.93%) Agile Software Development
3 2,317 (22.55%) Software Engineering
4 1,875 (18.25%) Problem-Solving
5 1,456 (14.17%) DevOps
6 1,397 (13.60%) Mathematics
7 1,207 (11.75%) Analytics
8 1,044 (10.16%) Project Management
9 1,018 (9.91%) Scrum
10 1,012 (9.85%) Microservices
11 870 (8.47%) Test Automation
12 869 (8.46%) Mentoring
13 764 (7.44%) OO
14 751 (7.31%) Validation
15 739 (7.19%) TDD
16 719 (7.00%) Business Intelligence
17 693 (6.75%) Machine Learning
18 664 (6.46%) Artificial Intelligence
19 654 (6.37%) Data Science
20 618 (6.02%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,370 (23.07%) SQL
2 2,199 (21.40%) Python
3 2,089 (20.33%) JavaScript
4 1,888 (18.38%) Java
5 1,419 (13.81%) C#
6 918 (8.94%) C++
7 669 (6.51%) C
8 617 (6.01%) TypeScript
9 328 (3.19%) Go
10 319 (3.10%) PowerShell
11 246 (2.39%) Bash Shell
12 241 (2.35%) PHP
12 241 (2.35%) R
13 239 (2.33%) Shell Script
14 226 (2.20%) Groovy
15 225 (2.19%) MATLAB
16 192 (1.87%) Scala
17 186 (1.81%) T-SQL
18 161 (1.57%) Ruby
19 152 (1.48%) ES6
Qualifications
1 2,621 (25.51%) Computer Science Degree
2 784 (7.63%) Master's Degree
3 558 (5.43%) Security Cleared
4 380 (3.70%) Numerate Degree
5 313 (3.05%) SC Cleared
6 291 (2.83%) PhD
7 202 (1.97%) Oracle Certification
8 197 (1.92%) OCP
9 153 (1.49%) Cisco Certification
9 153 (1.49%) CISSP
10 141 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 108 (1.05%) MBA
12 107 (1.04%) HND
13 103 (1.00%) CISM
14 98 (0.95%) CCNA
15 97 (0.94%) DV Cleared
16 95 (0.92%) PMI Certification
17 74 (0.72%) ISTQB
18 69 (0.67%) CCNP
19 67 (0.65%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 649 (6.32%) QA
2 218 (2.12%) Data Quality
3 214 (2.08%) GDPR
4 168 (1.64%) SLA
5 164 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 135 (1.31%) Accessibility
7 93 (0.91%) NIST
8 75 (0.73%) PMO
9 73 (0.71%) Good Clinical Practice
10 62 (0.60%) Cyber Essentials
11 61 (0.59%) MISRA
12 60 (0.58%) CDISC
13 57 (0.55%) PCI DSS
14 44 (0.43%) GRC
15 38 (0.37%) GMP
15 38 (0.37%) MISRA C
16 37 (0.36%) ECSS
17 34 (0.33%) GLP
18 33 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 30 (0.29%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,043 (10.15%) Docker
2 383 (3.73%) Active Directory
3 342 (3.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 185 (1.80%) HDFS
5 146 (1.42%) Firmware
6 70 (0.68%) Hyper-V
7 56 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
8 47 (0.46%) vSphere
9 43 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
10 25 (0.24%) KVM
11 22 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 19 (0.18%) iptables
13 18 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
14 16 (0.16%) Kamailio
15 14 (0.14%) XenDesktop
16 13 (0.13%) Postfix
17 12 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
18 11 (0.11%) ISA Server
18 11 (0.11%) LXC
18 11 (0.11%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 809 (7.87%) Kubernetes
2 499 (4.86%) Ansible
3 375 (3.65%) Terraform
4 236 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
5 167 (1.63%) Puppet
6 100 (0.97%) SCCM
7 75 (0.73%) Grafana
8 60 (0.58%) Microsoft Intune
9 40 (0.39%) Prometheus
10 38 (0.37%) Kibana
11 29 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
12 22 (0.21%) ZABBIX
13 20 (0.19%) HP UCMDB
14 19 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 19 (0.18%) Nagios
15 17 (0.17%) Rancher
16 15 (0.15%) WSUS
17 14 (0.14%) Cisco CUCM
17 14 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
17 14 (0.14%) SCOM
Vendors
1 1,335 (12.99%) Microsoft
2 621 (6.04%) Oracle
3 563 (5.48%) Google
4 462 (4.50%) VMware
5 401 (3.90%) SAP
6 206 (2.01%) Cisco
7 195 (1.90%) Okta
8 192 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
9 149 (1.45%) Instagram
10 134 (1.30%) Adobe
11 130 (1.27%) IBM
12 112 (1.09%) EMC
13 96 (0.93%) Databricks
14 90 (0.88%) Citrix
15 83 (0.81%) Red Hat
16 81 (0.79%) Atlassian
16 81 (0.79%) ServiceNow
17 80 (0.78%) Facebook
18 77 (0.75%) HP
19 59 (0.57%) Splunk