Period
to 28 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 17 14
Rank change year-on-year -5 -3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 5,406 12,367 16,930
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 9.16% 10.65% 12.05%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.21% 48.52% 49.51%
Number of salaries quoted 4,600 9,692 12,785
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £26,888 £26,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +3.09% +2.11%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,958 25,486 34,192
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.27% 21.94% 24.34%
Number of salaries quoted 8,867 19,349 25,515
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 2,193 £65,000 +8.33% 597
South East -4 1,113 £51,000 +7.37% 396
North of England +2 702 £50,000 +13.64% 298
South West -3 483 £45,000 - 169
Midlands -5 450 £50,000 +5.26% 202
East of England +2 399 £50,000 +11.11% 216
West Midlands +1 339 £52,500 +15.38% 123
North West -7 327 £48,157 +7.02% 156
Yorkshire +6 309 £50,000 +33.33% 91
East Midlands -23 113 £44,000 -12.00% 78
North East -6 66 £40,000 -13.98% 52
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 2,031 (37.57%) Computer Science
2 1,599 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,447 (26.77%) SQL
4 1,172 (21.68%) Finance
5 1,148 (21.24%) Python
6 1,140 (21.09%) JavaScript
7 1,138 (21.05%) Computer Science Degree
8 1,023 (18.92%) Software Engineering
9 1,013 (18.74%) C#
10 983 (18.18%) Microsoft
11 949 (17.55%) Problem-Solving
12 910 (16.83%) Java
13 872 (16.13%) Azure
14 858 (15.87%) Mathematics
15 853 (15.78%) Analytical Skills
16 805 (14.89%) .NET
17 710 (13.13%) DevOps
18 660 (12.21%) AWS
19 613 (11.34%) HTML
20 607 (11.23%) SQL Server
21 602 (11.14%) Linux
22 599 (11.08%) CSS
23 564 (10.43%) Test Automation
24 546 (10.10%) Analytics
25 531 (9.82%) Scrum
26 526 (9.73%) Windows
27 518 (9.58%) Project Management
28 503 (9.30%) Git (software)
29 470 (8.69%) React
30 434 (8.03%) Microservices

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (3.35%) SharePoint
2 110 (2.03%) Confluence
3 98 (1.81%) Apache Spark
4 87 (1.61%) CMS
5 53 (0.98%) Apache
6 52 (0.96%) IIS
7 48 (0.89%) SAS
8 46 (0.85%) MS Exchange
9 37 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
10 19 (0.35%) Skype for Business
11 17 (0.31%) Tomcat
12 16 (0.30%) OpenStack
13 15 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (0.28%) WordPress
14 14 (0.26%) ArcGIS
14 14 (0.26%) Jupyter
14 14 (0.26%) Umbraco
15 12 (0.22%) WebSphere
16 9 (0.17%) Apache Airflow
17 8 (0.15%) Luigi
Applications
1 241 (4.46%) Microsoft Office
2 220 (4.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 78 (1.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 47 (0.87%) MS Visio
5 36 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
6 28 (0.52%) Simulink
7 27 (0.50%) Figma
8 23 (0.43%) AutoCAD
8 23 (0.43%) Sketch
9 21 (0.39%) InVision
10 20 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
11 17 (0.31%) Stateflow
12 16 (0.30%) Photoshop
13 15 (0.28%) SPSS
14 12 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 12 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
15 9 (0.17%) Maya
16 8 (0.15%) 3ds Max
17 7 (0.13%) Revit
18 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 104 (1.92%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.30%) Magento
4 12 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 10 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
5 10 (0.18%) NetSuite
6 8 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
6 8 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
6 8 (0.15%) SAP EWM
6 8 (0.15%) SAP WM
6 8 (0.15%) Sentinel
7 6 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
7 6 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 6 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 6 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.092%) Endur
8 5 (0.092%) SAP SD
8 5 (0.092%) Shopify
9 4 (0.074%) Findur
Cloud Services
1 872 (16.13%) Azure
2 660 (12.21%) AWS
3 273 (5.05%) SaaS
4 251 (4.64%) Power Platform
5 235 (4.35%) GCP
6 192 (3.55%) Office 365
7 158 (2.92%) PaaS
8 108 (2.00%) IaaS
9 96 (1.78%) Dynamics 365
10 87 (1.61%) Serverless
11 80 (1.48%) GitHub
12 70 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
13 69 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
14 60 (1.11%) AWS Lambda
15 39 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
15 39 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
16 37 (0.68%) Google Analytics
17 36 (0.67%) Amazon S3
17 36 (0.67%) PowerApps
18 26 (0.48%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 215 (3.98%) Firewall
2 114 (2.11%) Internet
3 95 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 94 (1.74%) LAN
5 91 (1.68%) WAN
6 86 (1.59%) DNS
7 80 (1.48%) Wireless
8 76 (1.41%) Network Security
9 62 (1.15%) VPN
10 49 (0.91%) HTTP
11 44 (0.81%) VoIP
12 37 (0.68%) SAN
13 35 (0.65%) DHCP
13 35 (0.65%) SSL
14 29 (0.54%) 4G
14 29 (0.54%) Skype
15 28 (0.52%) NAS
16 27 (0.50%) 5G
17 24 (0.44%) MPLS
18 22 (0.41%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 607 (11.23%) SQL Server
2 310 (5.73%) NoSQL
3 301 (5.57%) Relational Database
4 265 (4.90%) Big Data
5 181 (3.35%) Power BI
6 170 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
7 169 (3.13%) MongoDB
8 160 (2.96%) MySQL
9 143 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
10 140 (2.59%) Tableau
11 117 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 110 (2.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 94 (1.74%) Hadoop
14 72 (1.33%) Data Lake
15 54 (1.00%) Data Mining
16 52 (0.96%) RDBMS
17 50 (0.92%) QlikView
18 45 (0.83%) Redis
19 38 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
20 36 (0.67%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 503 (9.30%) Git (software)
2 245 (4.53%) JIRA
3 183 (3.39%) Jenkins
4 167 (3.09%) Selenium
5 154 (2.85%) Visual Studio
6 91 (1.68%) Subversion
7 86 (1.59%) Team Foundation Server
8 65 (1.20%) Maven
9 57 (1.05%) Mercurial
9 57 (1.05%) Rational DOORS
10 51 (0.94%) GitLab
11 40 (0.74%) Visual Studio Team System
12 39 (0.72%) Gradle
12 39 (0.72%) webpack
13 36 (0.67%) JUnit
14 34 (0.63%) TeamCity
15 29 (0.54%) Cucumber
16 27 (0.50%) Eclipse
17 25 (0.46%) NUnit
17 25 (0.46%) SpecFlow
General
1 1,172 (21.68%) Finance
2 335 (6.20%) Marketing
3 249 (4.61%) Telecoms
4 227 (4.20%) Electronics
5 226 (4.18%) Banking
6 219 (4.05%) Manufacturing
7 211 (3.90%) Public Sector
8 165 (3.05%) Aerospace
9 154 (2.85%) Retail
10 138 (2.55%) Law
11 101 (1.87%) Front Office
12 99 (1.83%) Legal
13 97 (1.79%) Games
14 87 (1.61%) Advertising
15 51 (0.94%) Back Office
15 51 (0.94%) French Language
16 50 (0.92%) Military
17 48 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
18 45 (0.83%) Automotive
19 44 (0.81%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,486 (27.49%) Developer
2 518 (9.58%) Software Engineer
3 508 (9.40%) Analyst
4 319 (5.90%) Software Developer
5 301 (5.57%) Consultant
6 295 (5.46%) Senior Developer
7 273 (5.05%) Graduate
8 263 (4.86%) .NET Developer
9 260 (4.81%) C# Developer
10 249 (4.61%) Junior
11 246 (4.55%) Architect
12 176 (3.26%) Java Developer
13 174 (3.22%) Python Engineer
14 148 (2.74%) C# .NET Developer
15 140 (2.59%) Junior Developer
16 132 (2.44%) Business Analyst
17 127 (2.35%) Full Stack Developer
18 126 (2.33%) Graduate Developer
19 123 (2.28%) Systems Engineer
20 118 (2.18%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 805 (14.89%) .NET
2 613 (11.34%) HTML
3 599 (11.08%) CSS
4 470 (8.69%) React
5 400 (7.40%) Node.js
6 325 (6.01%) REST
7 291 (5.38%) AngularJS
8 281 (5.20%) .NET Core
9 227 (4.20%) Web Services
10 215 (3.98%) .NET Framework
11 203 (3.76%) Vue.js
12 192 (3.55%) ASP.NET
13 188 (3.48%) XML
14 185 (3.42%) HTML5
15 160 (2.96%) jQuery
16 146 (2.70%) RESTful
17 141 (2.61%) Spring
18 132 (2.44%) JSON
19 131 (2.42%) Django
20 105 (1.94%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 853 (15.78%) Analytical Skills
2 415 (7.68%) Management Information System
3 302 (5.59%) Algorithms
4 294 (5.44%) Self-Motivation
5 262 (4.85%) User Experience
6 163 (3.02%) Data Structures
7 158 (2.92%) Mobile App
8 126 (2.33%) Data Centre
9 110 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
10 97 (1.79%) Public Cloud
11 90 (1.66%) Virtual Team
12 77 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
12 77 (1.42%) Hedge funds
13 57 (1.05%) N-Tier
14 56 (1.04%) Reinsurance
14 56 (1.04%) Robotics
15 53 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 53 (0.98%) Life Science
15 53 (0.98%) Social Media
16 46 (0.85%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 602 (11.14%) Linux
2 526 (9.73%) Windows
3 145 (2.68%) Windows Server
4 142 (2.63%) Unix
5 119 (2.20%) Android
6 108 (2.00%) Apple iOS
7 60 (1.11%) Windows 10
8 46 (0.85%) Windows Server 2016
9 42 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
10 26 (0.48%) Mac OS
11 22 (0.41%) CentOS
11 22 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 17 (0.31%) Windows 7
12 17 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
13 16 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
13 16 (0.30%) Ubuntu
14 13 (0.24%) Debian
14 13 (0.24%) VMS
15 11 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
16 9 (0.17%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,031 (37.57%) Computer Science
2 1,599 (29.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,023 (18.92%) Software Engineering
4 949 (17.55%) Problem-Solving
5 858 (15.87%) Mathematics
6 710 (13.13%) DevOps
7 564 (10.43%) Test Automation
8 546 (10.10%) Analytics
9 531 (9.82%) Scrum
10 518 (9.58%) Project Management
11 434 (8.03%) Microservices
12 430 (7.95%) Business Intelligence
13 406 (7.51%) OO
14 403 (7.45%) Mentoring
15 381 (7.05%) Machine Learning
16 358 (6.62%) TDD
17 350 (6.47%) Continuous Integration
18 328 (6.07%) Fintech
19 317 (5.86%) ITIL
20 311 (5.75%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 1,447 (26.77%) SQL
2 1,148 (21.24%) Python
3 1,140 (21.09%) JavaScript
4 1,013 (18.74%) C#
5 910 (16.83%) Java
6 427 (7.90%) C++
7 303 (5.60%) C
8 187 (3.46%) TypeScript
9 147 (2.72%) PowerShell
9 147 (2.72%) R
10 142 (2.63%) PHP
11 122 (2.26%) T-SQL
12 105 (1.94%) Bash Shell
13 88 (1.63%) Go
14 78 (1.44%) Perl
15 77 (1.42%) ES6
16 64 (1.18%) Java 8
16 64 (1.18%) MATLAB
17 60 (1.11%) Kotlin
18 59 (1.09%) Scala
Qualifications
1 1,138 (21.05%) Computer Science Degree
2 324 (5.99%) Security Cleared
3 289 (5.35%) Master's Degree
4 233 (4.31%) Numerate Degree
5 182 (3.37%) SC Cleared
6 178 (3.29%) Cisco Certification
7 176 (3.26%) Microsoft Certification
8 166 (3.07%) CISSP
9 159 (2.94%) PhD
10 102 (1.89%) CCNA
11 99 (1.83%) CISM
12 96 (1.78%) MCSE
13 95 (1.76%) DV Cleared
14 89 (1.65%) HNC
15 82 (1.52%) HND
16 77 (1.42%) ISTQB
17 55 (1.02%) CCNP
18 54 (1.00%) CISA
19 49 (0.91%) PMI Certification
20 47 (0.87%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 301 (5.57%) QA
2 110 (2.03%) GDPR
3 78 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 78 (1.44%) SLA
4 74 (1.37%) Data Quality
5 62 (1.15%) NIST
6 33 (0.61%) PMO
7 29 (0.54%) Cyber Essentials
8 23 (0.43%) MiFID
9 22 (0.41%) PCI DSS
10 18 (0.33%) EMIR
11 16 (0.30%) Good Clinical Practice
11 16 (0.30%) ISO 9001
12 15 (0.28%) CDISC
12 15 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
13 13 (0.24%) ISO 26262
14 12 (0.22%) COBIT
14 12 (0.22%) ISO 13485
15 10 (0.18%) Solvency II
16 9 (0.17%) GMP
System Software
1 377 (6.97%) Docker
2 248 (4.59%) Active Directory
3 175 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 61 (1.13%) Firmware
5 59 (1.09%) Hyper-V
6 27 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (0.46%) vSphere
8 16 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
9 14 (0.26%) KVM
10 12 (0.22%) VMware NSX
11 11 (0.20%) Xen
12 10 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
13 9 (0.17%) BitLocker
14 8 (0.15%) HDFS
15 6 (0.11%) RHEV
16 5 (0.092%) NFS
16 5 (0.092%) Terminal Server
16 5 (0.092%) Virtual Desktop
17 4 (0.074%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 4 (0.074%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 335 (6.20%) Kubernetes
2 157 (2.90%) Terraform
3 135 (2.50%) Ansible
4 91 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
5 87 (1.61%) Puppet
6 48 (0.89%) SCCM
7 44 (0.81%) Microsoft Intune
8 20 (0.37%) Prometheus
9 15 (0.28%) Grafana
10 13 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
11 12 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
11 12 (0.22%) Salt
12 11 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
12 11 (0.20%) Kibana
12 11 (0.20%) Nagios
13 9 (0.17%) CASB
13 9 (0.17%) Nessus
13 9 (0.17%) Norton AntiVirus
14 8 (0.15%) Nmap
14 8 (0.15%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 983 (18.18%) Microsoft
2 240 (4.44%) VMware
3 212 (3.92%) Google
4 211 (3.90%) Oracle
5 184 (3.40%) SAP
6 154 (2.85%) Cisco
7 108 (2.00%) Salesforce.com
8 67 (1.24%) IBM
9 56 (1.04%) Databricks
10 49 (0.91%) ServiceNow
11 46 (0.85%) Adobe
12 38 (0.70%) Apple
13 35 (0.65%) Juniper
13 35 (0.65%) Twitter
14 34 (0.63%) Nintex
15 33 (0.61%) Splunk
16 27 (0.50%) Red Hat
17 26 (0.48%) Atlassian
17 26 (0.48%) Citrix
17 26 (0.48%) Facebook