Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 22 16
Rank change year-on-year +5 -6 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 12,091 4,371 14,211
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.90% 9.74% 11.29%
As % of the Qualifications category 52.28% 44.81% 48.48%
Number of salaries quoted 6,199 3,502 10,417
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £38,750 £41,250 £34,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +1.87%
75th Percentile £73,750 £73,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 23,126 9,754 29,311
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.85% 21.74% 23.28%
Number of salaries quoted 13,448 7,569 22,003
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £27,000
25th Percentile £40,500 £41,250 £35,430
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 5,109 £67,500 +3.85% 967
South East +7 2,870 £50,000 - 539
North of England -8 1,122 £45,000 -10.00% 410
Midlands +9 1,004 £44,000 -9.28% 317
East of England +13 955 £47,500 -9.52% 337
South West -2 745 £47,500 +5.56% 238
West Midlands +4 646 £45,000 -7.26% 202
North West 0 545 £43,250 -14.36% 236
Yorkshire -6 473 £47,500 - 112
East Midlands +13 353 £42,067 -1.02% 114
North East +3 109 £41,945 -6.79% 62
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 5,163 (42.70%) Computer Science
2 4,366 (36.11%) Social Skills
3 4,148 (34.31%) Agile Software Development
4 2,806 (23.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 2,740 (22.66%) Finance
6 2,697 (22.31%) Software Engineering
7 2,500 (20.68%) SQL
8 2,351 (19.44%) Python
9 2,343 (19.38%) Problem-Solving
10 2,219 (18.35%) Java
11 2,137 (17.67%) JavaScript
12 2,049 (16.95%) Analytical Skills
13 2,010 (16.62%) AWS
14 1,968 (16.28%) Azure
15 1,836 (15.18%) Mathematics
16 1,804 (14.92%) DevOps
17 1,672 (13.83%) Microsoft
18 1,667 (13.79%) C#
19 1,607 (13.29%) Analytics
20 1,471 (12.17%) Project Management
21 1,389 (11.49%) Linux
22 1,250 (10.34%) React
23 1,214 (10.04%) Full Stack Development
24 1,197 (9.90%) Scrum
25 1,193 (9.87%) Git (software)
26 1,183 (9.78%) Mentoring
27 1,121 (9.27%) AngularJS
28 1,108 (9.16%) .NET
29 1,096 (9.06%) Docker
30 1,093 (9.04%) C++

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 442 (3.66%) Apache Spark
2 280 (2.32%) SharePoint
3 273 (2.26%) Apache
4 221 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
5 214 (1.77%) GemFire
5 214 (1.77%) SAS
6 184 (1.52%) Confluence
7 144 (1.19%) CMS
8 121 (1.00%) IIS
9 92 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
10 58 (0.48%) Tomcat
11 46 (0.38%) MS Exchange
12 40 (0.33%) WordPress
13 38 (0.31%) nginx
14 35 (0.29%) Appian
14 35 (0.29%) Documentum
15 34 (0.28%) Skype for Business
16 32 (0.26%) OpenStack
16 32 (0.26%) Umbraco
17 28 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 617 (5.10%) Microsoft Office
2 514 (4.25%) Microsoft Excel
3 219 (1.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 135 (1.12%) Simulink
5 117 (0.97%) Microsoft Project
6 70 (0.58%) MS Visio
7 67 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
8 65 (0.54%) Photoshop
9 49 (0.41%) Adobe Illustrator
9 49 (0.41%) Sketch
10 44 (0.36%) Figma
11 43 (0.36%) InVision
12 40 (0.33%) Adobe XD
13 39 (0.32%) Stateflow
14 25 (0.21%) Chatbot
15 23 (0.19%) InDesign
16 18 (0.15%) SPSS
17 16 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
18 14 (0.12%) Adobe After Effects
18 14 (0.12%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 54 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 47 (0.39%) NetSuite
3 38 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
4 35 (0.29%) TrackWise
5 34 (0.28%) Sentinel
6 25 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 25 (0.21%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 25 (0.21%) R3 Corda
7 22 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
8 21 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
9 18 (0.15%) SAP MDG
10 16 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
11 15 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 15 (0.12%) SAP FI
12 14 (0.12%) Magento
12 14 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
12 14 (0.12%) SAP ERP
13 13 (0.11%) IBM Planning Analytics
13 13 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
14 12 (0.099%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 2,010 (16.62%) AWS
2 1,968 (16.28%) Azure
3 761 (6.29%) GCP
4 726 (6.00%) SaaS
5 623 (5.15%) GitHub
6 548 (4.53%) Power Platform
7 484 (4.00%) Serverless
8 421 (3.48%) Microsoft 365
9 275 (2.27%) PaaS
10 265 (2.19%) OpenShift
11 244 (2.02%) Amazon Kinesis
12 209 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
13 181 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
14 177 (1.46%) IaaS
15 149 (1.23%) Amazon S3
16 142 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
17 112 (0.93%) Google Analytics
18 106 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
18 106 (0.88%) Veeva
19 101 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 298 (2.46%) Firewall
2 257 (2.13%) TCP/IP
3 220 (1.82%) DNS
4 193 (1.60%) Internet
5 183 (1.51%) HTTP
6 179 (1.48%) VPN
7 165 (1.36%) WAN
8 143 (1.18%) DHCP
9 138 (1.14%) Wireless
10 118 (0.98%) Broadband
11 117 (0.97%) LAN
12 113 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
13 87 (0.72%) Network Security
14 83 (0.69%) VoIP
15 82 (0.68%) BGP
16 77 (0.64%) SAN
17 72 (0.60%) 5G
18 66 (0.55%) Kerberos
19 60 (0.50%) Ethernet
19 60 (0.50%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,015 (8.39%) SQL Server
2 912 (7.54%) NoSQL
3 806 (6.67%) Relational Database
4 641 (5.30%) PostgreSQL
5 612 (5.06%) Big Data
6 449 (3.71%) Power BI
7 371 (3.07%) MongoDB
8 358 (2.96%) MySQL
9 313 (2.59%) Tableau
10 284 (2.35%) Redis
11 256 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
12 244 (2.02%) MariaDB
13 238 (1.97%) HBase
14 233 (1.93%) Hadoop
15 232 (1.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 154 (1.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 141 (1.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 120 (0.99%) RDBMS
19 117 (0.97%) Data Mining
20 116 (0.96%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,193 (9.87%) Git (software)
2 810 (6.70%) Jenkins
3 526 (4.35%) JIRA
4 309 (2.56%) JUnit
5 289 (2.39%) Cucumber
6 274 (2.27%) Gradle
7 266 (2.20%) Cypress.io
8 250 (2.07%) Protractor
9 243 (2.01%) Sonatype Nexus
10 242 (2.00%) Eclipse
11 234 (1.94%) Selenium
12 215 (1.78%) Storybook
13 214 (1.77%) Mockito
14 205 (1.70%) IntelliJ
15 182 (1.51%) GitLab
16 181 (1.50%) Visual Studio
17 180 (1.49%) Subversion
18 170 (1.41%) Artifactory
19 160 (1.32%) SonarQube
20 155 (1.28%) Maven
General
1 4,366 (36.11%) Social Skills
2 2,740 (22.66%) Finance
3 2,049 (16.95%) Analytical Skills
4 1,010 (8.35%) Marketing
5 819 (6.77%) Banking
6 734 (6.07%) Law
7 653 (5.40%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 650 (5.38%) Pharmaceutical
9 597 (4.94%) Presentation Skills
10 554 (4.58%) Retail
11 478 (3.95%) Games
12 445 (3.68%) Manufacturing
13 418 (3.46%) Telecoms
14 357 (2.95%) Organisational Skills
15 354 (2.93%) Influencing Skills
16 341 (2.82%) Legal
17 301 (2.49%) Electronics
18 287 (2.37%) Public Sector
19 222 (1.84%) Advertising
20 156 (1.29%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 2,420 (20.01%) Developer
2 1,407 (11.64%) Software Engineer
3 1,178 (9.74%) Analyst
4 642 (5.31%) Architect
5 521 (4.31%) Graduate
6 505 (4.18%) Software Developer
7 445 (3.68%) Consultant
8 415 (3.43%) Senior Developer
9 403 (3.33%) Senior Software Engineer
10 395 (3.27%) Junior
11 304 (2.51%) Java Developer
12 298 (2.46%) Full Stack Developer
12 298 (2.46%) Project Manager
13 281 (2.32%) Systems Engineer
14 271 (2.24%) Principal Engineer
15 262 (2.17%) .NET Developer
16 248 (2.05%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 246 (2.03%) C# Developer
18 216 (1.79%) Business Analyst
19 214 (1.77%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,250 (10.34%) React
2 1,121 (9.27%) AngularJS
3 1,108 (9.16%) .NET
4 1,064 (8.80%) CSS
5 1,041 (8.61%) Node.js
6 988 (8.17%) HTML
7 778 (6.43%) Web Services
8 686 (5.67%) REST
9 674 (5.57%) Spring
10 627 (5.19%) RESTful
11 534 (4.42%) Kafka
12 455 (3.76%) JSON
13 369 (3.05%) Spring Boot
14 358 (2.96%) Redux
15 357 (2.95%) RabbitMQ
16 345 (2.85%) XML
17 325 (2.69%) .NET Core
18 315 (2.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 285 (2.36%) .NET Framework
20 276 (2.28%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 1,018 (8.42%) User Experience
2 919 (7.60%) Management Information System
3 838 (6.93%) Algorithms
4 785 (6.49%) Self-Motivation
5 487 (4.03%) Life Science
6 461 (3.81%) Data Structures
7 299 (2.47%) Mobile App
8 276 (2.28%) Cloud Native
9 260 (2.15%) Data Centre
10 247 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
11 235 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
12 224 (1.85%) Virtual Team
13 200 (1.65%) Social Media
14 193 (1.60%) Public Cloud
15 172 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
16 157 (1.30%) Driving Licence
17 151 (1.25%) Blog
18 150 (1.24%) Client/Server
19 149 (1.23%) Robotics
20 115 (0.95%) Biotechnology
Operating Systems
1 1,389 (11.49%) Linux
2 1,036 (8.57%) Windows
3 542 (4.48%) Unix
4 309 (2.56%) Android
5 290 (2.40%) Windows Server
6 217 (1.79%) Apple iOS
7 161 (1.33%) Windows 10
8 73 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
9 65 (0.54%) Embedded Linux
10 63 (0.52%) Mac OS
11 61 (0.50%) Windows Server 2016
12 58 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 51 (0.42%) Windows 7
14 49 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
15 46 (0.38%) Mac OS X
16 44 (0.36%) CentOS
17 20 (0.17%) Windows 8
17 20 (0.17%) Windows XP
18 18 (0.15%) Solaris
18 18 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,163 (42.70%) Computer Science
2 4,148 (34.31%) Agile Software Development
3 2,697 (22.31%) Software Engineering
4 2,343 (19.38%) Problem-Solving
5 1,836 (15.18%) Mathematics
6 1,804 (14.92%) DevOps
7 1,607 (13.29%) Analytics
8 1,471 (12.17%) Project Management
9 1,214 (10.04%) Full Stack Development
10 1,197 (9.90%) Scrum
11 1,183 (9.78%) Mentoring
12 1,067 (8.82%) Microservices
13 911 (7.53%) Test Automation
13 911 (7.53%) Validation
14 899 (7.44%) Continuous Improvement
15 883 (7.30%) TDD
16 853 (7.05%) Risk Management
17 822 (6.80%) OO
18 817 (6.76%) Data Science
19 811 (6.71%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,500 (20.68%) SQL
2 2,351 (19.44%) Python
3 2,219 (18.35%) Java
4 2,137 (17.67%) JavaScript
5 1,667 (13.79%) C#
6 1,093 (9.04%) C++
7 865 (7.15%) C
8 618 (5.11%) TypeScript
9 389 (3.22%) PowerShell
10 346 (2.86%) Go
11 331 (2.74%) Shell Script
12 325 (2.69%) R
13 252 (2.08%) PHP
14 248 (2.05%) Groovy
15 215 (1.78%) Bash Shell
15 215 (1.78%) MATLAB
16 202 (1.67%) Java 8
16 202 (1.67%) T-SQL
17 189 (1.56%) Scala
18 173 (1.43%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 2,806 (23.21%) Computer Science Degree
2 885 (7.32%) Master's Degree
3 526 (4.35%) Security Cleared
4 362 (2.99%) Numerate Degree
5 308 (2.55%) PhD
6 288 (2.38%) SC Cleared
7 221 (1.83%) Oracle Certification
8 215 (1.78%) Microsoft Certification
9 213 (1.76%) OCP
10 209 (1.73%) HND
11 187 (1.55%) CISSP
12 175 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
13 149 (1.23%) CISM
14 130 (1.08%) PMI Certification
15 125 (1.03%) HNC
16 112 (0.93%) MBA
17 104 (0.86%) CCNA
18 99 (0.82%) ITIL Certification
19 98 (0.81%) PMP
20 91 (0.75%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 766 (6.34%) QA
2 339 (2.80%) Data Quality
3 283 (2.34%) GDPR
4 242 (2.00%) SLA
5 185 (1.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 149 (1.23%) Accessibility
7 111 (0.92%) Good Clinical Practice
8 109 (0.90%) Cyber Essentials
9 108 (0.89%) PMO
10 106 (0.88%) NIST
11 86 (0.71%) CDISC
12 61 (0.50%) MISRA
13 56 (0.46%) PCI DSS
14 55 (0.45%) GMP
15 52 (0.43%) GxP
16 48 (0.40%) GLP
16 48 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 39 (0.32%) Def Stans
18 37 (0.31%) ECSS
18 37 (0.31%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,096 (9.06%) Docker
2 500 (4.14%) Active Directory
3 424 (3.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 188 (1.55%) HDFS
5 141 (1.17%) Firmware
6 112 (0.93%) Hyper-V
7 69 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
8 59 (0.49%) vSphere
9 35 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
10 28 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 24 (0.20%) XenApp
12 22 (0.18%) NFS
12 22 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
13 16 (0.13%) BitLocker
13 16 (0.13%) KVM
14 15 (0.12%) XenDesktop
15 11 (0.091%) iptables
15 11 (0.091%) ISA Server
16 10 (0.083%) Virtual Desktop
17 8 (0.066%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 944 (7.81%) Kubernetes
2 633 (5.24%) Ansible
3 434 (3.59%) Terraform
4 239 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
5 162 (1.34%) Puppet
6 131 (1.08%) SCCM
7 88 (0.73%) Grafana
8 64 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
9 46 (0.38%) Prometheus
10 43 (0.36%) Nagios
11 40 (0.33%) Kibana
12 26 (0.22%) Istio
12 26 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
13 22 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 19 (0.16%) ZABBIX
15 18 (0.15%) WSUS
16 14 (0.12%) linkerd
17 13 (0.11%) Cisco CUCM
17 13 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
17 13 (0.11%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,672 (13.83%) Microsoft
2 704 (5.82%) Oracle
3 644 (5.33%) Google
4 543 (4.49%) VMware
5 432 (3.57%) SAP
6 292 (2.42%) Salesforce.com
7 265 (2.19%) Cisco
8 227 (1.88%) Okta
9 163 (1.35%) Adobe
10 161 (1.33%) Red Hat
11 140 (1.16%) Facebook
12 133 (1.10%) IBM
13 122 (1.01%) ServiceNow
14 117 (0.97%) EMC
15 106 (0.88%) Workday
16 100 (0.83%) Citrix
16 100 (0.83%) Databricks
17 87 (0.72%) MuleSoft
18 84 (0.69%) HP
19 74 (0.61%) Apple