Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 18 13 15
Rank change year-on-year -5 +2 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 11,254 16,478 19,950
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 10.28% 11.98% 12.09%
As % of the Qualifications category 47.58% 48.59% 50.88%
Number of salaries quoted 8,691 12,202 15,774
Median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 23,654 33,912 39,209
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.60% 24.66% 23.77%
Number of salaries quoted 17,494 24,722 30,445
Median annual salary £52,259 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.52% +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £28,000 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Salary trend for Degree in England

Degree
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 5,024 £59,900 -0.17% 769
South East -3 2,654 £47,500 +5.56% 537
North of England -7 1,129 £45,000 +5.88% 354
South West +1 865 £45,000 +17.84% 275
Midlands -6 854 £45,000 +12.50% 291
East of England -2 729 £45,250 -0.55% 354
North West -1 699 £45,000 - 179
West Midlands -6 509 £45,000 +5.88% 203
East Midlands -3 339 £47,500 +18.75% 88
Yorkshire -18 310 £37,500 -6.25% 112
North East -3 120 £46,500 +9.95% 63
South Coast - 2 £67,500 -
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 4,232 (37.60%) Computer Science
2 3,347 (29.74%) Agile Software Development
3 2,746 (24.40%) SQL
4 2,731 (24.27%) Computer Science Degree
5 2,600 (23.10%) Finance
6 2,174 (19.32%) C#
7 2,021 (17.96%) Problem-Solving
8 1,996 (17.74%) Python
9 1,954 (17.36%) JavaScript
10 1,921 (17.07%) Java
11 1,845 (16.39%) Software Engineering
12 1,737 (15.43%) Analytical Skills
13 1,681 (14.94%) .NET
14 1,601 (14.23%) Microsoft
15 1,346 (11.96%) HTML
16 1,328 (11.80%) Windows
17 1,317 (11.70%) SQL Server
18 1,314 (11.68%) Project Management
19 1,301 (11.56%) Mathematics
20 1,271 (11.29%) Analytics
21 1,267 (11.26%) Azure
22 1,189 (10.57%) AWS
23 1,165 (10.35%) CSS
24 1,122 (9.97%) Linux
25 1,119 (9.94%) C++
26 1,019 (9.05%) Scrum
27 975 (8.66%) Git (software)
28 901 (8.01%) C
29 896 (7.96%) DevOps
30 859 (7.63%) Oracle

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 278 (2.47%) Apache Spark
2 178 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
3 168 (1.49%) Confluence
4 163 (1.45%) IIS
5 156 (1.39%) SharePoint
6 138 (1.23%) Apache
7 101 (0.90%) MS Exchange
8 88 (0.78%) CMS
9 79 (0.70%) Tomcat
10 64 (0.57%) OpenStack
11 55 (0.49%) SAS
12 38 (0.34%) Apache Solr
13 37 (0.33%) WebLogic
14 31 (0.28%) Apache Airflow
14 31 (0.28%) Jupyter
15 30 (0.27%) WordPress
16 27 (0.24%) ArcGIS
16 27 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 26 (0.23%) Skype for Business
18 22 (0.20%) GeoServer
Applications
1 468 (4.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 463 (4.11%) Microsoft Office
3 192 (1.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 100 (0.89%) MS Visio
5 77 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
6 59 (0.52%) Photoshop
7 58 (0.52%) Sketch
8 55 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
9 34 (0.30%) InVision
10 33 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
11 28 (0.25%) SPSS
12 23 (0.20%) AutoCAD
12 23 (0.20%) Simulink
13 21 (0.19%) Chatbot
14 20 (0.18%) Adobe XD
15 13 (0.12%) Zeplin
16 11 (0.098%) InDesign
17 9 (0.080%) Adobe Creative Suite
17 9 (0.080%) OrCAD
18 8 (0.071%) ProjectWise
Business Applications
1 70 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 53 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
3 43 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
4 37 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
5 34 (0.30%) SAP MM
6 33 (0.29%) NetSuite
7 32 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
8 31 (0.28%) Magento
8 31 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
9 23 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 22 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
11 21 (0.19%) SAP ERP
11 21 (0.19%) SAP SD
12 20 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
12 20 (0.18%) Shopify
13 19 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
14 18 (0.16%) Primavera
15 17 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
16 16 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
17 15 (0.13%) Oracle FAH
Cloud Services
1 1,267 (11.26%) Azure
2 1,189 (10.57%) AWS
3 432 (3.84%) SaaS
4 428 (3.80%) Office 365
5 306 (2.72%) Power Platform
6 292 (2.59%) GCP
7 183 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
8 150 (1.33%) GitHub
9 134 (1.19%) Serverless
10 111 (0.99%) PaaS
11 89 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
12 88 (0.78%) IaaS
13 83 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
14 73 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
14 73 (0.65%) Amazon S3
15 72 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
16 60 (0.53%) OpenShift
17 49 (0.44%) Force.com
18 45 (0.40%) G Suite
19 43 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 531 (4.72%) Firewall
2 299 (2.66%) Internet
3 297 (2.64%) TCP/IP
4 283 (2.51%) WAN
5 268 (2.38%) LAN
6 232 (2.06%) DNS
7 219 (1.95%) VPN
8 209 (1.86%) Wireless
9 177 (1.57%) Network Security
10 170 (1.51%) VoIP
11 135 (1.20%) DHCP
12 127 (1.13%) SAN
13 114 (1.01%) MPLS
14 111 (0.99%) BGP
15 97 (0.86%) HTTP
16 82 (0.73%) Intrusion Detection
16 82 (0.73%) Wi-Fi
17 81 (0.72%) OSPF
18 75 (0.67%) IPsec
19 69 (0.61%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,317 (11.70%) SQL Server
2 562 (4.99%) Big Data
3 504 (4.48%) Relational Database
4 383 (3.40%) MySQL
5 357 (3.17%) NoSQL
6 303 (2.69%) Power BI
7 296 (2.63%) PostgreSQL
8 277 (2.46%) Hadoop
9 274 (2.43%) Data Warehouse
10 249 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 232 (2.06%) Data Lake
12 208 (1.85%) MongoDB
12 208 (1.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 161 (1.43%) Oracle Reports
14 158 (1.40%) RDBMS
15 117 (1.04%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 93 (0.83%) Data Mining
17 90 (0.80%) GIS
18 85 (0.76%) Apache Cassandra
19 75 (0.67%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 975 (8.66%) Git (software)
2 510 (4.53%) JIRA
3 416 (3.70%) Jenkins
4 299 (2.66%) Selenium
5 250 (2.22%) Visual Studio
6 205 (1.82%) Team Foundation Server
7 166 (1.48%) Subversion
8 131 (1.16%) Eclipse
9 98 (0.87%) Cucumber
9 98 (0.87%) Maven
10 80 (0.71%) Bitbucket
11 78 (0.69%) JUnit
12 75 (0.67%) SoapUI
13 69 (0.61%) TeamCity
14 62 (0.55%) WebDriver
15 58 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
16 57 (0.51%) Visual Studio Team System
17 56 (0.50%) Jasmine
18 54 (0.48%) GitLab
18 54 (0.48%) webpack
General
1 2,600 (23.10%) Finance
2 759 (6.74%) Marketing
3 553 (4.91%) Retail
4 485 (4.31%) Telecoms
5 380 (3.38%) Legal
6 343 (3.05%) Banking
7 337 (2.99%) Electronics
8 315 (2.80%) Manufacturing
9 312 (2.77%) Public Sector
10 269 (2.39%) Aerospace
11 251 (2.23%) Games
12 236 (2.10%) Law
13 195 (1.73%) Front Office
14 162 (1.44%) Advertising
15 153 (1.36%) Military
16 116 (1.03%) Automotive
17 107 (0.95%) Back Office
18 95 (0.84%) French Language
19 91 (0.81%) Investment Banking
20 83 (0.74%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 3,009 (26.74%) Developer
2 1,380 (12.26%) Analyst
3 921 (8.18%) Software Engineer
4 721 (6.41%) Graduate
5 709 (6.30%) Junior
6 637 (5.66%) Consultant
7 623 (5.54%) Software Developer
8 588 (5.22%) Senior Developer
9 528 (4.69%) Architect
10 505 (4.49%) .NET Developer
11 503 (4.47%) Java Developer
12 489 (4.35%) C# Developer
13 410 (3.64%) Junior Developer
14 398 (3.54%) Graduate Developer
15 348 (3.09%) Project Manager
16 310 (2.75%) Data Analyst
17 253 (2.25%) C# .NET Developer
18 242 (2.15%) Business Analyst
19 220 (1.95%) Systems Engineer
20 218 (1.94%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,681 (14.94%) .NET
2 1,346 (11.96%) HTML
3 1,165 (10.35%) CSS
4 820 (7.29%) AngularJS
5 701 (6.23%) Web Services
6 599 (5.32%) React
7 561 (4.98%) ASP.NET
8 492 (4.37%) HTML5
9 408 (3.63%) REST
10 383 (3.40%) RESTful
11 370 (3.29%) .NET Framework
12 369 (3.28%) XML
13 360 (3.20%) Node.js
14 325 (2.89%) .NET Core
14 325 (2.89%) jQuery
15 296 (2.63%) Spring
16 290 (2.58%) CSS3
17 267 (2.37%) ASP.NET MVC
18 200 (1.78%) Vue.js
19 195 (1.73%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,737 (15.43%) Analytical Skills
2 754 (6.70%) Management Information System
3 680 (6.04%) Self-Motivation
4 619 (5.50%) User Experience
5 472 (4.19%) Algorithms
6 324 (2.88%) Mobile App
7 246 (2.19%) Data Centre
8 243 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
9 214 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
10 185 (1.64%) Virtual Team
11 183 (1.63%) Data Structures
12 179 (1.59%) Public Cloud
13 142 (1.26%) Hedge funds
14 123 (1.09%) Robotics
15 119 (1.06%) Derivative
16 98 (0.87%) Embedded Systems
17 96 (0.85%) Fixed Income
18 95 (0.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 92 (0.82%) Driving Licence
20 91 (0.81%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,328 (11.80%) Windows
2 1,122 (9.97%) Linux
3 360 (3.20%) Unix
4 356 (3.16%) Windows Server
5 281 (2.50%) Android
6 273 (2.43%) Apple iOS
7 200 (1.78%) Windows 10
8 109 (0.97%) Windows 7
9 102 (0.91%) Windows Server 2012
10 79 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
11 72 (0.64%) CentOS
12 66 (0.59%) Ubuntu
13 60 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
14 46 (0.41%) Mac OS X
15 40 (0.36%) Embedded Linux
16 32 (0.28%) Mac OS
17 31 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 30 (0.27%) Windows XP
19 27 (0.24%) Debian
19 27 (0.24%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,232 (37.60%) Computer Science
2 3,347 (29.74%) Agile Software Development
3 2,021 (17.96%) Problem-Solving
4 1,845 (16.39%) Software Engineering
5 1,314 (11.68%) Project Management
6 1,301 (11.56%) Mathematics
7 1,271 (11.29%) Analytics
8 1,019 (9.05%) Scrum
9 896 (7.96%) DevOps
10 797 (7.08%) Business Intelligence
11 757 (6.73%) Mentoring
12 747 (6.64%) Test Automation
13 731 (6.50%) ITIL
14 727 (6.46%) Machine Learning
15 717 (6.37%) SDLC
16 709 (6.30%) OO
17 667 (5.93%) Data Analysis
18 636 (5.65%) MVC
19 622 (5.53%) Data Science
20 616 (5.47%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 2,746 (24.40%) SQL
2 2,174 (19.32%) C#
3 1,996 (17.74%) Python
4 1,954 (17.36%) JavaScript
5 1,921 (17.07%) Java
6 1,119 (9.94%) C++
7 901 (8.01%) C
8 405 (3.60%) PHP
9 347 (3.08%) R
10 315 (2.80%) PowerShell
11 269 (2.39%) T-SQL
12 254 (2.26%) Scala
13 236 (2.10%) TypeScript
14 209 (1.86%) Bash Shell
15 174 (1.55%) MATLAB
16 171 (1.52%) Ruby
17 148 (1.32%) Shell Script
18 145 (1.29%) Go
19 142 (1.26%) Embedded C
20 138 (1.23%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,731 (24.27%) Computer Science Degree
2 568 (5.05%) Security Cleared
3 516 (4.59%) Master's Degree
4 335 (2.98%) Microsoft Certification
5 334 (2.97%) Cisco Certification
6 330 (2.93%) CISSP
7 279 (2.48%) Numerate Degree
8 278 (2.47%) SC Cleared
9 206 (1.83%) PhD
10 204 (1.81%) CISM
10 204 (1.81%) DV Cleared
11 181 (1.61%) CCNP
12 179 (1.59%) MCSE
13 157 (1.40%) HND
14 156 (1.39%) CCNA
15 117 (1.04%) CISA
16 116 (1.03%) PMI Certification
17 115 (1.02%) ISTQB
18 111 (0.99%) HNC
19 104 (0.92%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 606 (5.38%) QA
2 265 (2.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 198 (1.76%) GDPR
4 149 (1.32%) SLA
5 124 (1.10%) Data Quality
6 107 (0.95%) PMO
7 98 (0.87%) GAAP
8 89 (0.79%) PCI DSS
9 58 (0.52%) NIST
10 50 (0.44%) NCSC
11 32 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
12 27 (0.24%) ISO 9001
13 24 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 23 (0.20%) COBIT
14 23 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 22 (0.20%) ISO 22301
16 21 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 20 (0.18%) Def Stans
18 17 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
19 15 (0.13%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 602 (5.35%) Docker
2 555 (4.93%) Active Directory
3 342 (3.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 198 (1.76%) Firmware
5 157 (1.40%) Hyper-V
6 44 (0.39%) vSphere
7 37 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
8 35 (0.31%) VirtualBox
8 35 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 32 (0.28%) VMware NSX
10 30 (0.27%) XenApp
11 22 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 20 (0.18%) HDFS
13 17 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
14 16 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
15 13 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
16 11 (0.098%) NFS
17 9 (0.080%) XenDesktop
18 8 (0.071%) VMware Workstation
19 7 (0.062%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 359 (3.19%) Kubernetes
2 259 (2.30%) Ansible
3 213 (1.89%) Puppet
4 166 (1.48%) Terraform
5 136 (1.21%) SCCM
6 106 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
7 56 (0.50%) Salt
8 44 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
9 39 (0.35%) SCOM
10 34 (0.30%) BMC PATROL
11 29 (0.26%) Packer
12 27 (0.24%) Consul
13 26 (0.23%) Icinga
13 26 (0.23%) Prometheus
14 25 (0.22%) FortiGate
14 25 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
15 24 (0.21%) Kibana
15 24 (0.21%) Microsoft Intune
15 24 (0.21%) Nessus
16 23 (0.20%) Cisco Prime
Vendors
1 1,601 (14.23%) Microsoft
2 859 (7.63%) Oracle
3 433 (3.85%) VMware
4 430 (3.82%) Tableau
5 425 (3.78%) Cisco
6 366 (3.25%) Google
7 311 (2.76%) SAP
8 258 (2.29%) Salesforce.com
9 204 (1.81%) Cadence
10 193 (1.71%) Teradata
11 191 (1.70%) Blue Prism
11 191 (1.70%) UiPath
12 189 (1.68%) Alteryx
13 185 (1.64%) Automation Anywhere
14 148 (1.32%) Adobe
15 138 (1.23%) Citrix
16 131 (1.16%) HP
17 129 (1.15%) Apple
18 114 (1.01%) ServiceNow
19 108 (0.96%) IBM