Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 320 272 323
Rank change year-on-year -48 +51 -79
Contract jobs citing HTTP 510 232 664
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.80% 0.90% 0.82%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.00% 6.59% 6.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 352 136 481
10th Percentile £357 £367 £385
25th Percentile £439 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £536 £488 £520
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -6.25% +4.00%
75th Percentile £625 £568 £600
90th Percentile £686 £648 £650
UK median daily rate £540 £488 £516
% change year-on-year +10.77% -5.57% +3.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 7 9
10th Percentile £35.25 £21.80 £40.30
25th Percentile £37.16 £28.74 £46.25
Median hourly rate £41.35 £40.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +3.36% -20.00% +82.33%
75th Percentile £47.56 " "
90th Percentile £52.48 " £54.75
UK median hourly rate £41.35 £40.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +3.36% -20.00% +82.33%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,281 3,523 10,635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.37% 13.63% 13.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,724 2,244 6,676
10th Percentile £225 £205 £200
25th Percentile £356 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £472 £442 £425
Median % change year-on-year +6.64% +4.06% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £660 £631 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 342 163 502
10th Percentile £12.00 £13.40 £12.50
25th Percentile £13.81 £17.50 £15.78
Median hourly rate £20.51 £31.00 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year -33.84% +26.53% +28.95%
75th Percentile £48.34 £46.58 £46.48
90th Percentile £64.95 £53.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £30.50 £25.12
% change year-on-year -27.87% +21.42% +32.21%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP in England.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP in England.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -51 313 £550 +4.76% 86
South East -47 54 £467 +13.08% 27
North of England -71 43 £475 +8.94% 32
North West -47 33 £475 +8.94% 20
Midlands -58 19 £400 - 18
West Midlands -46 17 £390 - 15
East of England -55 16 £750 +76.47% 14
South West -37 13 £375 -21.05% 12
Yorkshire -48 8 £363 -22.25% 8
North East -15 2 £405 -8.89% 4
East Midlands -34 2 £600 - 2
HTTP
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for HTTP.

1 194 (38.04%) Agile Software Development
2 184 (36.08%) Java
3 180 (35.29%) REST
4 161 (31.57%) AWS
5 147 (28.82%) Linux
6 144 (28.24%) JavaScript
7 127 (24.90%) Python
8 119 (23.33%) DevOps
9 117 (22.94%) SQL
10 103 (20.20%) Test Automation
11 99 (19.41%) TCP/IP
11 99 (19.41%) DNS
11 99 (19.41%) Finance
12 96 (18.82%) Git (software)
13 94 (18.43%) Web Services
14 90 (17.65%) JSON
14 90 (17.65%) Azure
15 85 (16.67%) Social Skills
16 84 (16.47%) Microservices
16 84 (16.47%) HTML
17 82 (16.08%) Jenkins
18 80 (15.69%) Kubernetes
19 78 (15.29%) SOAP
20 77 (15.10%) RESTful
21 75 (14.71%) Firewall
22 74 (14.51%) Node.js
23 68 (13.33%) Windows
24 67 (13.14%) XML
25 63 (12.35%) Docker
26 61 (11.96%) TDD

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (7.25%) Apache
2 34 (6.67%) IIS
3 28 (5.49%) Tomcat
4 21 (4.12%) Confluence
4 21 (4.12%) nginx
5 19 (3.73%) WebSphere
6 18 (3.53%) Apache Spark
7 17 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
8 11 (2.16%) CMS
9 7 (1.37%) Jetty
9 7 (1.37%) Mongrel
10 5 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 5 (0.98%) IBM HTTP Server
10 5 (0.98%) JBoss
10 5 (0.98%) MS Exchange
10 5 (0.98%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.78%) Mule
11 4 (0.78%) Mule ESB
11 4 (0.78%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.59%) Anypoint
Applications
1 11 (2.16%) MS Visio
2 9 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.39%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 8 (1.57%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.59%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.20%) Magento
3 1 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.20%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 161 (31.57%) AWS
2 90 (17.65%) Azure
3 28 (5.49%) GCP
3 28 (5.49%) Serverless
4 27 (5.29%) GitHub
5 20 (3.92%) Cloud Computing
5 20 (3.92%) Microsoft 365
5 20 (3.92%) SaaS
6 19 (3.73%) IaaS
7 13 (2.55%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
7 13 (2.55%) Heroku
8 12 (2.35%) OpenShift
8 12 (2.35%) PaaS
9 11 (2.16%) Amazon ECS
10 10 (1.96%) Akamai
10 10 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (1.76%) Azure Sentinel
11 9 (1.76%) npm
12 8 (1.57%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 99 (19.41%) DNS
1 99 (19.41%) TCP/IP
2 75 (14.71%) Firewall
3 56 (10.98%) HTTPS
3 56 (10.98%) SSL
4 48 (9.41%) FTP
5 34 (6.67%) Internet
6 33 (6.47%) DHCP
7 30 (5.88%) SMTP
7 30 (5.88%) WAN
8 25 (4.90%) Network Security
8 25 (4.90%) VPN
9 24 (4.71%) SNMP
10 23 (4.51%) LAN
10 23 (4.51%) SSH
11 16 (3.14%) SAN
12 13 (2.55%) IPsec
13 12 (2.35%) Wireshark
14 11 (2.16%) Ethernet
15 9 (1.76%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (9.61%) SQL Server
2 41 (8.04%) NoSQL
3 37 (7.25%) MySQL
4 36 (7.06%) PostgreSQL
5 35 (6.86%) MongoDB
5 35 (6.86%) Relational Database
6 22 (4.31%) Data Warehouse
7 21 (4.12%) Apache Cassandra
8 18 (3.53%) Big Data
9 15 (2.94%) Redis
10 11 (2.16%) Neo4j
11 9 (1.76%) Couchbase
11 9 (1.76%) Flink
11 9 (1.76%) RavenDB
11 9 (1.76%) RDBMS
12 8 (1.57%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.37%) Power BI
14 6 (1.18%) Riak
15 5 (0.98%) Apache Hive
15 5 (0.98%) HBase
Development Applications
1 96 (18.82%) Git (software)
2 82 (16.08%) Jenkins
3 53 (10.39%) JIRA
4 31 (6.08%) JUnit
5 27 (5.29%) Selenium
6 26 (5.10%) Cucumber
7 22 (4.31%) Maven
8 16 (3.14%) Subversion
9 14 (2.75%) JMeter
9 14 (2.75%) Travis CI
10 13 (2.55%) Bitbucket
11 12 (2.35%) Gatling
11 12 (2.35%) WebDriver
12 11 (2.16%) Mockito
13 10 (1.96%) SpecFlow
14 9 (1.76%) GitLab
14 9 (1.76%) SoapUI
15 8 (1.57%) CircleCI
15 8 (1.57%) Gradle
15 8 (1.57%) TeamCity
General
1 99 (19.41%) Finance
2 85 (16.67%) Social Skills
3 44 (8.63%) Banking
4 41 (8.04%) Analytical Skills
5 35 (6.86%) Public Sector
6 26 (5.10%) Telecoms
7 21 (4.12%) Marketing
8 18 (3.53%) Investment Banking
8 18 (3.53%) Retail
9 16 (3.14%) Influencing Skills
10 15 (2.94%) German Language
11 13 (2.55%) Manufacturing
12 12 (2.35%) Electronics
13 10 (1.96%) Publishing
13 10 (1.96%) Retail Banking
14 9 (1.76%) French Language
15 7 (1.37%) Advertising
16 6 (1.18%) Presentation Skills
17 5 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
17 5 (0.98%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 188 (36.86%) Developer
2 48 (9.41%) Java Developer
3 40 (7.84%) Architect
4 32 (6.27%) Senior Developer
5 31 (6.08%) DevOps Engineer
6 27 (5.29%) Consultant
6 27 (5.29%) Software Engineer
7 25 (4.90%) Analyst
8 22 (4.31%) Network Engineer
9 19 (3.73%) Scala Developer
10 18 (3.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 16 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (2.94%) Senior Java Developer
13 13 (2.55%) Java Engineer
13 13 (2.55%) Java Software Engineer
13 13 (2.55%) Python Developer
13 13 (2.55%) Security Engineer
13 13 (2.55%) Support Analyst
14 12 (2.35%) Software Developer
14 12 (2.35%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 180 (35.29%) REST
2 94 (18.43%) Web Services
3 90 (17.65%) JSON
4 84 (16.47%) HTML
5 78 (15.29%) SOAP
6 77 (15.10%) RESTful
7 74 (14.51%) Node.js
8 67 (13.14%) XML
9 57 (11.18%) Kafka
10 56 (10.98%) CSS
11 55 (10.78%) React
12 45 (8.82%) .NET
12 45 (8.82%) AngularJS
13 38 (7.45%) Spring
14 30 (5.88%) Akka
15 23 (4.51%) SAML
16 22 (4.31%) LDAP
17 21 (4.12%) Middleware
17 21 (4.12%) Spring Boot
18 20 (3.92%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 23 (4.51%) Management Information System
2 16 (3.14%) Mobile App
3 15 (2.94%) Client/Server
4 14 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (2.55%) Derivative
6 12 (2.35%) Data Centre
6 12 (2.35%) Public Cloud
7 11 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (1.96%) Private Cloud
9 9 (1.76%) Greenfield Project
9 9 (1.76%) Grid Computing
9 9 (1.76%) User Experience
10 8 (1.57%) Clustering
10 8 (1.57%) Fibre Optics
10 8 (1.57%) Market Risk
11 7 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
11 7 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (1.37%) NHS
11 7 (1.37%) W3C
11 7 (1.37%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 147 (28.82%) Linux
2 68 (13.33%) Windows
3 54 (10.59%) Unix
4 29 (5.69%) Windows Server
5 15 (2.94%) Android
5 15 (2.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (2.16%) Ubuntu
6 11 (2.16%) Windows Server 2016
7 10 (1.96%) Mac OS X
8 8 (1.57%) Apple iOS
9 7 (1.37%) Solaris
9 7 (1.37%) Windows 10
9 7 (1.37%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (1.18%) CentOS
10 6 (1.18%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (0.78%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.59%) Debian
12 3 (0.59%) FreeBSD
12 3 (0.59%) SUSE
13 2 (0.39%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 194 (38.04%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (23.33%) DevOps
3 103 (20.20%) Test Automation
4 84 (16.47%) Microservices
5 61 (11.96%) Software Engineering
5 61 (11.96%) TDD
6 59 (11.57%) Continuous Integration
7 57 (11.18%) Problem-Solving
8 55 (10.78%) Configuration Management
9 53 (10.39%) Scrum
10 41 (8.04%) Full Stack Development
11 38 (7.45%) Migration
12 37 (7.25%) BDD
13 35 (6.86%) Open Source
14 31 (6.08%) API Design
15 30 (5.88%) Load Balancing
16 29 (5.69%) Computer Science
16 29 (5.69%) E-Commerce
16 29 (5.69%) Mentoring
16 29 (5.69%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 184 (36.08%) Java
2 144 (28.24%) JavaScript
3 127 (24.90%) Python
4 117 (22.94%) SQL
5 59 (11.57%) C#
6 40 (7.84%) Scala
7 38 (7.45%) Bash Shell
8 23 (4.51%) PowerShell
8 23 (4.51%) Ruby
8 23 (4.51%) Shell Script
9 21 (4.12%) Kotlin
10 19 (3.73%) C++
11 18 (3.53%) TypeScript
12 17 (3.33%) Groovy
12 17 (3.33%) Perl
13 14 (2.75%) Java 11
14 12 (2.35%) Java 8
15 11 (2.16%) PHP
16 10 (1.96%) ES6
16 10 (1.96%) VB
Qualifications
1 50 (9.80%) Security Cleared
2 49 (9.61%) SC Cleared
3 45 (8.82%) Degree
4 18 (3.53%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (3.33%) CCNP
5 17 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (2.94%) CCNA
7 14 (2.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 10 (1.96%) ITIL Certification
9 9 (1.76%) ISTQB
10 8 (1.57%) CCDA
10 8 (1.57%) DV Cleared
10 8 (1.57%) JNCIA
10 8 (1.57%) JNCIP
10 8 (1.57%) JNCIS
11 7 (1.37%) CEH
11 7 (1.37%) CISSP
11 7 (1.37%) ISEB
12 6 (1.18%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.78%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (7.25%) Accessibility
2 27 (5.29%) QA
3 12 (2.35%) GDPR
4 8 (1.57%) NIST
5 7 (1.37%) HL7
5 7 (1.37%) WCAG
6 4 (0.78%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.78%) SLA
7 3 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.39%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.20%) DICOM
9 1 (0.20%) GLBA
System Software
1 63 (12.35%) Docker
2 26 (5.10%) Active Directory
3 25 (4.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (2.75%) NFS
5 8 (1.57%) HDFS
6 7 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.37%) VMware NSX
6 7 (1.37%) Xen
7 5 (0.98%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.39%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.20%) Ceph
9 1 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.20%) IAG
9 1 (0.20%) KVM
9 1 (0.20%) QEMU
9 1 (0.20%) RHEV
9 1 (0.20%) Samba
9 1 (0.20%) XenApp
9 1 (0.20%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 80 (15.69%) Kubernetes
2 42 (8.24%) Ansible
3 34 (6.67%) Puppet
4 21 (4.12%) Terraform
5 14 (2.75%) Grafana
5 14 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (2.75%) Single Sign-On
6 11 (2.16%) Graphite
7 9 (1.76%) Hadoop YARN
7 9 (1.76%) Kibana
7 9 (1.76%) Nagios
7 9 (1.76%) QRadar
8 8 (1.57%) Oozie
8 8 (1.57%) Prometheus
9 6 (1.18%) FortiGate
9 6 (1.18%) HP ALM
10 5 (0.98%) Ambari
10 5 (0.98%) vCenter Server
10 5 (0.98%) vRealize
11 4 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 46 (9.02%) Splunk
2 43 (8.43%) Microsoft
3 38 (7.45%) Oracle
3 38 (7.45%) VMware
4 29 (5.69%) Cisco
5 26 (5.10%) Google
6 25 (4.90%) SAP
7 24 (4.71%) Red Hat
8 20 (3.92%) F5
8 20 (3.92%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (3.92%) ServiceNow
9 19 (3.73%) Juniper
10 16 (3.14%) Palo Alto
11 15 (2.94%) Zscaler
12 14 (2.75%) Dell
12 14 (2.75%) IBM
13 13 (2.55%) MuleSoft
14 10 (1.96%) Confluent
14 10 (1.96%) SolarWinds
15 9 (1.76%) Adobe