Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for HTTP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTTP over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 319 257 259
Rank change year-on-year -62 +2 -18
Contract jobs citing HTTP 280 478 959
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.94% 1.10%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 5.84% 6.97% 8.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 189 329 673
10th Percentile £311 £349 £363
25th Percentile £406 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £588
90th Percentile £653 £701 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £513
% change year-on-year - -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 12 7
10th Percentile £28.63 £40.10 £15.37
25th Percentile £41.25 £41.86 £15.44
Median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year - +42.86% +87.82%
75th Percentile £56.88 £56.94 £45.63
90th Percentile £64.25 £68.75 £48.60
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +10.00% +42.86% +87.82%

HTTP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,796 6,860 11,054
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.31% 13.49% 12.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,122 4,252 6,993
10th Percentile £213 £181 £206
25th Percentile £333 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £434 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +2.08% - -
75th Percentile £525 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 233 386 478
10th Percentile £12.67 £13.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.70 £15.25 £14.16
Median hourly rate £25.00 £19.50 £18.25
Median % change year-on-year +28.21% +6.85% -3.95%
75th Percentile £48.75 £43.75 £38.94
90th Percentile £57.90 £51.75 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £26.47 £21.00 £18.28
% change year-on-year +26.02% +14.90% -2.26%

HTTP
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing HTTP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTTP in England.

Daily rate trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTTP in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTTP in England.

Hourly rate trend for HTTP in England

HTTP
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTTP in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTTP in England

HTTP
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTTP within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -29 167 £513 -3.30% 75
South East +30 27 £463 +2.78% 30
North of England -32 26 £428 -18.57% 30
East of England -12 17 £373 -17.22% 1
Midlands +32 15 £425 -1.45% 20
North West +6 15 £635 +22.47% 17
South West +44 14 £475 +5.56% 17
West Midlands +16 10 £350 -29.29% 17
Yorkshire -7 9 £250 -58.33% 11
North East +5 2 £405 -17.35% 2
East Midlands +18 1 £650 +70.49% 2
HTTP
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTTP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for HTTP.

1 114 (40.71%) Java
2 99 (35.36%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (33.57%) Web Services
3 94 (33.57%) Linux
4 87 (31.07%) Python
5 81 (28.93%) JavaScript
6 72 (25.71%) Git (software)
6 72 (25.71%) REST
7 69 (24.64%) AWS
8 67 (23.93%) XML
9 66 (23.57%) HTML
10 65 (23.21%) JSON
11 64 (22.86%) Jenkins
12 63 (22.50%) SOAP
13 61 (21.79%) SQL
14 60 (21.43%) TCP/IP
15 59 (21.07%) Finance
15 59 (21.07%) RESTful
16 58 (20.71%) JIRA
17 56 (20.00%) Azure
18 55 (19.64%) DNS
19 53 (18.93%) Test Automation
20 49 (17.50%) Software Engineering
21 47 (16.79%) Kubernetes
22 45 (16.07%) Microsoft
22 45 (16.07%) Unix
23 41 (14.64%) SSL
24 39 (13.93%) Windows
24 39 (13.93%) Oracle
25 38 (13.57%) Relational Database

HTTP
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (12.50%) Apache
2 28 (10.00%) WebSphere
3 23 (8.21%) Apache Spark
4 22 (7.86%) Tomcat
5 21 (7.50%) IIS
6 19 (6.79%) Confluence
7 18 (6.43%) nginx
8 11 (3.93%) WebSphere Application Server
9 10 (3.57%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (3.57%) Apache ServiceMix
9 10 (3.57%) Mule
10 9 (3.21%) Anypoint
10 9 (3.21%) Red Hat Fuse
10 9 (3.21%) WebLogic
11 7 (2.50%) IBM Domino
11 7 (2.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (2.14%) CMS
12 6 (2.14%) JBoss
12 6 (2.14%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 6 (2.14%) SharePoint
Applications
1 14 (5.00%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (2.14%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.07%) Chatbot
3 3 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 10 (3.57%) Magento
2 9 (3.21%) Shopify
3 2 (0.71%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.71%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 69 (24.64%) AWS
2 56 (20.00%) Azure
3 26 (9.29%) GCP
4 23 (8.21%) Cloud Computing
5 15 (5.36%) GitHub
5 15 (5.36%) IaaS
5 15 (5.36%) Serverless
6 14 (5.00%) AWS Lambda
7 10 (3.57%) Amazon Kinesis
7 10 (3.57%) PaaS
8 7 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
8 7 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
8 7 (2.50%) Amazon S3
8 7 (2.50%) Power Platform
9 6 (2.14%) Azure Logic Apps
9 6 (2.14%) Google Analytics
9 6 (2.14%) Power Automate
9 6 (2.14%) PowerApps
9 6 (2.14%) SaaS
9 6 (2.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 60 (21.43%) TCP/IP
2 55 (19.64%) DNS
3 41 (14.64%) SSL
4 32 (11.43%) FTP
5 31 (11.07%) Firewall
6 21 (7.50%) HTTPS
7 19 (6.79%) DHCP
8 18 (6.43%) VPN
9 17 (6.07%) SMTP
10 16 (5.71%) Internet
11 12 (4.29%) LAN
11 12 (4.29%) WAN
12 10 (3.57%) IPsec
13 9 (3.21%) Network Security
13 9 (3.21%) SSH
14 8 (2.86%) Broadband
15 7 (2.50%) 3G
15 7 (2.50%) GSM
15 7 (2.50%) SNMP
15 7 (2.50%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (13.57%) Relational Database
2 28 (10.00%) NoSQL
3 24 (8.57%) Big Data
3 24 (8.57%) Data Warehouse
4 23 (8.21%) MongoDB
5 22 (7.86%) MySQL
6 18 (6.43%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (5.00%) SQL Server
8 12 (4.29%) Couchbase
8 12 (4.29%) Flink
9 10 (3.57%) Data Lake
9 10 (3.57%) Parquet
9 10 (3.57%) Snowflake Schema
10 7 (2.50%) Power BI
11 6 (2.14%) RDBMS
12 5 (1.79%) SQLite
13 4 (1.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 3 (1.07%) DB2
14 3 (1.07%) Neo4j
15 2 (0.71%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 72 (25.71%) Git (software)
2 64 (22.86%) Jenkins
3 58 (20.71%) JIRA
4 23 (8.21%) JUnit
5 18 (6.43%) Cucumber
5 18 (6.43%) Maven
6 17 (6.07%) Subversion
7 11 (3.93%) Selenium
8 10 (3.57%) REST Assured
9 9 (3.21%) Ant
9 9 (3.21%) JMeter
10 8 (2.86%) IntelliJ
11 7 (2.50%) Gradle
11 7 (2.50%) Postman
11 7 (2.50%) SoapUI
12 6 (2.14%) Gatling
12 6 (2.14%) gulp
12 6 (2.14%) SonarQube
12 6 (2.14%) Travis CI
12 6 (2.14%) webpack
General
1 59 (21.07%) Finance
2 37 (13.21%) Public Sector
3 28 (10.00%) Telecoms
4 26 (9.29%) Banking
5 20 (7.14%) Marketing
6 14 (5.00%) Electronics
6 14 (5.00%) Manufacturing
7 12 (4.29%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.43%) French Language
8 4 (1.43%) Games
8 4 (1.43%) German Language
8 4 (1.43%) Law
8 4 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.43%) Retail
8 4 (1.43%) Retail Banking
9 3 (1.07%) Publishing
10 2 (0.71%) Advertising
10 2 (0.71%) Legal
11 1 (0.36%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 97 (34.64%) Developer
2 38 (13.57%) Java Developer
3 30 (10.71%) Architect
4 17 (6.07%) Senior Developer
5 15 (5.36%) Analyst
6 14 (5.00%) Consultant
6 14 (5.00%) Senior Java Developer
6 14 (5.00%) Software Engineer
7 13 (4.64%) DevOps Engineer
8 11 (3.93%) Data Engineer
9 10 (3.57%) Python Engineer
10 9 (3.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 9 (3.21%) Market Risk Developer
10 9 (3.21%) Market Risk Java Developer
10 9 (3.21%) Senior Market Risk Java Developer
10 9 (3.21%) Technical Architect
11 8 (2.86%) Ruby Developer
11 8 (2.86%) Ruby on Rails Developer
11 8 (2.86%) Solutions Architect
11 8 (2.86%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (33.57%) Web Services
2 72 (25.71%) REST
3 67 (23.93%) XML
4 66 (23.57%) HTML
5 65 (23.21%) JSON
6 63 (22.50%) SOAP
7 59 (21.07%) RESTful
8 36 (12.86%) CSS
9 33 (11.79%) Node.js
10 30 (10.71%) Kafka
11 28 (10.00%) Spring
12 25 (8.93%) .NET
13 21 (7.50%) Middleware
14 19 (6.79%) AngularJS
14 19 (6.79%) J2EE
14 19 (6.79%) React
15 17 (6.07%) LDAP
16 16 (5.71%) SAML
17 13 (4.64%) HTML5
17 13 (4.64%) RAML
Miscellaneous
1 33 (11.79%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (6.43%) Management Information System
3 17 (6.07%) Self-Motivation
4 16 (5.71%) Data Structures
5 12 (4.29%) Grid Computing
6 11 (3.93%) Algorithms
6 11 (3.93%) Clustering
6 11 (3.93%) Mobile App
7 9 (3.21%) Market Risk
7 9 (3.21%) User Experience
8 8 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (1.79%) Client/Server
9 5 (1.79%) Data Centre
9 5 (1.79%) Mobile Payment
10 4 (1.43%) DataPower
10 4 (1.43%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 4 (1.43%) Organisational Skills
11 3 (1.07%) Derivative
11 3 (1.07%) Fibre Optics
11 3 (1.07%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 94 (33.57%) Linux
2 45 (16.07%) Unix
3 39 (13.93%) Windows
4 17 (6.07%) Mac OS X
5 7 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (2.14%) Ubuntu
7 5 (1.79%) Apple iOS
7 5 (1.79%) Windows Server
8 4 (1.43%) Android
8 4 (1.43%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (1.07%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (1.07%) SUSE
9 3 (1.07%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.71%) CatOS
10 2 (0.71%) CentOS
10 2 (0.71%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.36%) Windows 2000 Server
11 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 99 (35.36%) Agile Software Development
2 53 (18.93%) Test Automation
3 49 (17.50%) Software Engineering
4 37 (13.21%) Configuration Management
5 33 (11.79%) Continuous Integration
6 32 (11.43%) DevOps
6 32 (11.43%) Open Source
6 32 (11.43%) Scrum
6 32 (11.43%) TDD
7 29 (10.36%) BDD
8 28 (10.00%) Microservices
8 28 (10.00%) SOA
9 27 (9.64%) Problem-Solving
10 24 (8.57%) Change Management
11 23 (8.21%) API Design
11 23 (8.21%) Business Intelligence
11 23 (8.21%) Continuous Deployment
12 22 (7.86%) MapReduce
13 21 (7.50%) Use Case
13 21 (7.50%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 114 (40.71%) Java
2 87 (31.07%) Python
3 81 (28.93%) JavaScript
4 61 (21.79%) SQL
5 31 (11.07%) C#
6 19 (6.79%) Groovy
7 18 (6.43%) Bash Shell
8 17 (6.07%) Ruby
9 16 (5.71%) C++
9 16 (5.71%) Perl
9 16 (5.71%) Shell Script
10 15 (5.36%) PHP
11 14 (5.00%) TypeScript
12 13 (4.64%) PowerShell
13 12 (4.29%) Go
14 11 (3.93%) VB
15 9 (3.21%) Scala
16 8 (2.86%) Java 8
17 7 (2.50%) C
18 6 (2.14%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 32 (11.43%) Security Cleared
2 29 (10.36%) SC Cleared
3 21 (7.50%) Degree
4 10 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.86%) ISEB
5 8 (2.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 4 (1.43%) CCNA
6 4 (1.43%) CCNP
6 4 (1.43%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (1.43%) ITIL Certification
6 4 (1.43%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (1.07%) CCDA
7 3 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 3 (1.07%) JNCIA
7 3 (1.07%) JNCIP
7 3 (1.07%) JNCIS
8 2 (0.71%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.71%) CISSP
8 2 (0.71%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.71%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (8.21%) QA
2 3 (1.07%) HL7
2 3 (1.07%) NIST
2 3 (1.07%) WCAG
3 2 (0.71%) ISO 9000
3 2 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.36%) GLBA
4 1 (0.36%) GRC
4 1 (0.36%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 35 (12.50%) Docker
2 28 (10.00%) Active Directory
3 23 (8.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (4.29%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (2.50%) Postfix
5 7 (2.50%) qmail
6 5 (1.79%) Xen
7 4 (1.43%) OpenAM
7 4 (1.43%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (1.07%) NFS
8 3 (1.07%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.71%) Ceph
9 2 (0.71%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.36%) Firmware
10 1 (0.36%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.36%) IAG
10 1 (0.36%) KVM
10 1 (0.36%) QEMU
10 1 (0.36%) Samba
Systems Management
1 47 (16.79%) Kubernetes
2 18 (6.43%) Puppet
2 18 (6.43%) Terraform
3 17 (6.07%) Ansible
4 16 (5.71%) Single Sign-On
5 9 (3.21%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (2.86%) HP ALM
7 6 (2.14%) HP Quality Center
8 5 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (1.79%) Red Hat Satellite
8 5 (1.79%) Red Hat Spacewalk
8 5 (1.79%) SCCM
9 4 (1.43%) CloudHub
9 4 (1.43%) Grafana
9 4 (1.43%) Kibana
10 3 (1.07%) vCenter Server
10 3 (1.07%) vRealize
11 2 (0.71%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.71%) Rancher
11 2 (0.71%) Salt
Vendors
1 45 (16.07%) Microsoft
2 39 (13.93%) Oracle
3 33 (11.79%) VMware
4 25 (8.93%) SAP
5 24 (8.57%) Google
6 18 (6.43%) IBM
6 18 (6.43%) Red Hat
7 12 (4.29%) HP
7 12 (4.29%) ServiceNow
8 11 (3.93%) MuleSoft
9 9 (3.21%) Splunk
10 8 (2.86%) Cisco
10 8 (2.86%) Dynatrace
10 8 (2.86%) F5
11 7 (2.50%) New Relic
11 7 (2.50%) Xerox
12 6 (2.14%) Dell
12 6 (2.14%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (1.79%) Juniper
13 5 (1.79%) TIBCO