Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 172 127 105
Rank change year-on-year -45 -22 -4
Contract jobs citing XML 1,135 722 1,533
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.62% 2.07% 2.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.74% 6.72% 7.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 798 483 970
10th Percentile £374 £325 £325
25th Percentile £427 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £486 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.02% +2.32% +1.06%
75th Percentile £638 £543 £550
90th Percentile £729 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +1.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 18 26
10th Percentile £37.25 £38.00 £23.47
25th Percentile £41.25 £44.00 £37.36
Median hourly rate £48.50 £58.00 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year -16.38% +14.85% +23.17%
75th Percentile £57.63 £61.75 £53.21
90th Percentile £66.19 £63.82 £69.37
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £58.00 £50.25
% change year-on-year -16.38% +15.42% +22.56%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,766 10,739 19,832
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 28.30% 30.75% 30.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,687 7,697 14,192
10th Percentile £381 £318 £331
25th Percentile £450 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £488 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +1.01%
75th Percentile £650 £585 £575
90th Percentile £749 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £480 £493
% change year-on-year +14.58% -2.54% +3.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 126 174
10th Percentile £21.00 £24.50 £18.77
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.41 £33.44
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.95
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -4.15% +11.99%
75th Percentile £67.00 £57.50 £53.21
90th Percentile £77.24 £62.02 £78.75
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.40
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.02% +10.48%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for XML in England

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Daily rate trend for XML in England

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Hourly rate trend for XML in England

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -44 645 £566 +7.86% 160
Midlands -50 113 £420 +5.00% 56
West Midlands -35 99 £420 +5.00% 42
South East -65 90 £490 +8.89% 64
North of England -55 71 £430 +4.24% 52
East of England -14 68 £498 -0.50% 19
North West -25 46 £480 +7.26% 29
South West -23 42 £450 -10.00% 27
Yorkshire -41 22 £400 +6.67% 15
East Midlands -31 14 £400 -15.79% 14
North East -9 3 £475 +18.75% 8
XML
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for XML.

1 532 (46.87%) JSON
2 514 (45.29%) SQL
3 448 (39.47%) Agile Software Development
4 445 (39.21%) Java
5 340 (29.96%) JavaScript
6 290 (25.55%) Web Services
7 285 (25.11%) REST
8 284 (25.02%) HTML
9 241 (21.23%) DevOps
10 240 (21.15%) Git (software)
11 238 (20.97%) Oracle
12 236 (20.79%) JIRA
13 235 (20.70%) SOAP
14 222 (19.56%) Social Skills
15 217 (19.12%) CSS
16 204 (17.97%) C#
17 198 (17.44%) Azure
18 193 (17.00%) Finance
19 191 (16.83%) Test Automation
20 190 (16.74%) .NET
21 177 (15.59%) Python
22 173 (15.24%) Banking
22 173 (15.24%) Jenkins
23 166 (14.63%) Problem-Solving
24 160 (14.10%) CI/CD
25 159 (14.01%) Windows
26 152 (13.39%) Relational Database
27 151 (13.30%) SQL Server
28 150 (13.22%) Spring
28 150 (13.22%) Microservices

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (10.57%) Confluence
2 51 (4.49%) Apache
3 42 (3.70%) WebLogic
4 39 (3.44%) JBoss
5 31 (2.73%) CMS
6 29 (2.56%) IIS
7 28 (2.47%) SharePoint
8 26 (2.29%) WebSphere
9 24 (2.11%) Apache Spark
10 22 (1.94%) Tomcat
11 19 (1.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 18 (1.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (1.50%) Oracle Workflow
14 14 (1.23%) Red Hat Fuse
15 13 (1.15%) Appian
16 12 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
16 12 (1.06%) WebSphere Application Server
17 11 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
18 10 (0.88%) DataSynapse
18 10 (0.88%) Mule
Applications
1 67 (5.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (3.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 29 (2.56%) Microsoft Office
4 26 (2.29%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.44%) FrameMaker
7 2 (0.18%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.18%) Mingle
7 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.18%) SPSS
8 1 (0.088%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.088%) FileZilla
8 1 (0.088%) Pro/ENGINEER
8 1 (0.088%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.088%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.088%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 30 (2.64%) NetSuite
2 25 (2.20%) SunGard Martini
3 14 (1.23%) SAP FI-CA
3 14 (1.23%) SAP PSCD
3 14 (1.23%) Shopify
4 12 (1.06%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
5 9 (0.79%) Oracle General Ledger
6 8 (0.70%) Oracle Payables
6 8 (0.70%) Oracle Receivables
7 7 (0.62%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
8 6 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.44%) Oracle Assets
9 5 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
9 5 (0.44%) Oracle EBS R12
9 5 (0.44%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.44%) Oracle Financials
9 5 (0.44%) SAP HCM
10 4 (0.35%) Orchestrade
Cloud Services
1 198 (17.44%) Azure
2 134 (11.81%) AWS
3 64 (5.64%) GitHub
4 54 (4.76%) SaaS
5 47 (4.14%) Power Platform
6 35 (3.08%) Serverless
7 31 (2.73%) PaaS
8 27 (2.38%) Azure Data Factory
9 26 (2.29%) Amazon S3
10 25 (2.20%) IaaS
11 24 (2.11%) Amazon EKS
11 24 (2.11%) Azure Logic Apps
11 24 (2.11%) GCP
12 23 (2.03%) OpenShift
13 17 (1.50%) Apigee
13 17 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
14 13 (1.15%) Azure Functions
14 13 (1.15%) Azure Key Vault
15 12 (1.06%) Azure Storage
15 12 (1.06%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 48 (4.23%) HTTP
2 41 (3.61%) TCP/IP
3 33 (2.91%) FTP
4 30 (2.64%) Firewall
5 17 (1.50%) SNMP
6 13 (1.15%) BGP
6 13 (1.15%) DNS
6 13 (1.15%) Ethernet VPN
6 13 (1.15%) HSRP
6 13 (1.15%) IPv4
6 13 (1.15%) MPLS
6 13 (1.15%) RSVP
6 13 (1.15%) VPLS
6 13 (1.15%) VRRP
7 12 (1.06%) FIX Connectivity
7 12 (1.06%) SMTP
8 11 (0.97%) Cisco IOS
8 11 (0.97%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 11 (0.97%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 11 (0.97%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (13.39%) Relational Database
2 151 (13.30%) SQL Server
3 87 (7.67%) NoSQL
4 63 (5.55%) Oracle Database
5 61 (5.37%) MySQL
5 61 (5.37%) PostgreSQL
6 58 (5.11%) MongoDB
7 56 (4.93%) Data Warehouse
8 52 (4.58%) RDBMS
9 50 (4.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 40 (3.52%) Power BI
11 37 (3.26%) Big Data
12 36 (3.17%) Tableau
13 34 (3.00%) Data Lake
14 27 (2.38%) Oracle Database 12c
15 21 (1.85%) Parquet
16 20 (1.76%) Hadoop
17 19 (1.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 17 (1.50%) Data Vault
18 17 (1.50%) DB2
Development Applications
1 240 (21.15%) Git (software)
2 236 (20.79%) JIRA
3 173 (15.24%) Jenkins
4 94 (8.28%) Visual Studio
5 89 (7.84%) Selenium
6 76 (6.70%) Cucumber
7 71 (6.26%) Subversion
8 64 (5.64%) Bitbucket
9 59 (5.20%) Maven
10 57 (5.02%) TeamCity
11 56 (4.93%) SoapUI
12 51 (4.49%) JMeter
13 45 (3.96%) Postman
14 34 (3.00%) JUnit
15 32 (2.82%) Artifactory
16 31 (2.73%) Toad
17 27 (2.38%) Oracle APEX
18 25 (2.20%) CppUnit
18 25 (2.20%) Robot Framework
19 24 (2.11%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 222 (19.56%) Social Skills
2 193 (17.00%) Finance
3 173 (15.24%) Banking
4 110 (9.69%) Analytical Skills
5 101 (8.90%) Public Sector
6 81 (7.14%) Investment Banking
7 74 (6.52%) Front Office
8 50 (4.41%) Marketing
9 38 (3.35%) Presentation Skills
10 29 (2.56%) Telecoms
11 27 (2.38%) Manufacturing
12 25 (2.20%) Electronics
13 16 (1.41%) Retail
14 15 (1.32%) Legal
15 13 (1.15%) Automotive
16 12 (1.06%) Organisational Skills
16 12 (1.06%) Public Speaking
16 12 (1.06%) Publishing
17 11 (0.97%) Law
18 10 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 541 (47.67%) Developer
2 144 (12.69%) Analyst
3 106 (9.34%) Java Developer
4 86 (7.58%) Architect
5 62 (5.46%) Consultant
6 60 (5.29%) Senior Developer
7 59 (5.20%) Test Analyst
8 56 (4.93%) Business Analyst
9 45 (3.96%) .NET Developer
10 40 (3.52%) Tester
11 39 (3.44%) C++ Developer
12 37 (3.26%) Solutions Architect
13 35 (3.08%) Python Developer
14 28 (2.47%) Investment Banking Business Analyst
14 28 (2.47%) NetSuite Consultant
15 27 (2.38%) Senior Java Developer
15 27 (2.38%) Software Engineer
16 26 (2.29%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
17 25 (2.20%) ServiceNow Developer
18 24 (2.11%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 532 (46.87%) JSON
2 290 (25.55%) Web Services
3 285 (25.11%) REST
4 284 (25.02%) HTML
5 235 (20.70%) SOAP
6 217 (19.12%) CSS
7 190 (16.74%) .NET
8 150 (13.22%) Spring
9 123 (10.84%) XSLT
10 109 (9.60%) RESTful
11 106 (9.34%) AngularJS
12 92 (8.11%) Spring Boot
13 78 (6.87%) jQuery
13 78 (6.87%) React
14 77 (6.78%) Node.js
15 66 (5.81%) .NET Core
16 64 (5.64%) Ajax
17 63 (5.55%) ASP.NET
18 62 (5.46%) .NET Framework
19 61 (5.37%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 62 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
2 39 (3.44%) Data Structures
2 39 (3.44%) Derivative
3 38 (3.35%) Fixed Income
4 37 (3.26%) User Experience
5 27 (2.38%) Enterprise Software
6 24 (2.11%) Mobile App
7 22 (1.94%) Virtual Team
8 19 (1.67%) Credit Derivative
8 19 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 17 (1.50%) Data Protection Act
10 16 (1.41%) Cloud Native
10 16 (1.41%) Management Information System
11 15 (1.32%) Equity Derivative
11 15 (1.32%) OTC Derivatives
12 14 (1.23%) CMDB
13 13 (1.15%) W3C
13 13 (1.15%) Wiki
14 12 (1.06%) Legacy Applications
15 11 (0.97%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 159 (14.01%) Windows
2 135 (11.89%) Unix
3 132 (11.63%) Linux
4 17 (1.50%) Android
5 11 (0.97%) Apple iOS
5 11 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.79%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.62%) Solaris
7 7 (0.62%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.44%) VMS
8 5 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (0.35%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.26%) Debian
10 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.18%) AIX
11 2 (0.18%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.088%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.088%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 448 (39.47%) Agile Software Development
2 241 (21.23%) DevOps
3 191 (16.83%) Test Automation
4 166 (14.63%) Problem-Solving
5 160 (14.10%) CI/CD
6 150 (13.22%) Microservices
7 145 (12.78%) Scrum
8 128 (11.28%) Data Modelling
9 116 (10.22%) SOA
10 113 (9.96%) TDD
11 105 (9.25%) OO
12 101 (8.90%) Migration
13 97 (8.55%) Business Intelligence
14 88 (7.75%) BDD
15 82 (7.22%) Software Engineering
16 80 (7.05%) SDLC
16 80 (7.05%) Software Testing
17 77 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
18 72 (6.34%) ETL
18 72 (6.34%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 514 (45.29%) SQL
2 445 (39.21%) Java
3 340 (29.96%) JavaScript
4 204 (17.97%) C#
5 177 (15.59%) Python
6 76 (6.70%) PHP
7 75 (6.61%) C++
8 55 (4.85%) Java 8
9 53 (4.67%) T-SQL
10 51 (4.49%) PowerShell
11 41 (3.61%) TypeScript
12 38 (3.35%) PL/SQL
13 33 (2.91%) Java 11
14 31 (2.73%) C
15 28 (2.47%) VBA
16 24 (2.11%) Shell Script
16 24 (2.11%) XPath
17 22 (1.94%) Perl
18 20 (1.76%) Bash
19 19 (1.67%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 132 (11.63%) Security Cleared
2 102 (8.99%) SC Cleared
3 59 (5.20%) Degree
4 51 (4.49%) ISTQB
5 43 (3.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 37 (3.26%) ISEB
7 32 (2.82%) DV Cleared
8 24 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
9 12 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (0.97%) CCIE
10 11 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
11 8 (0.70%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.53%) CCIE Security
12 6 (0.53%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.44%) CCIE Service Provider
13 5 (0.44%) MCSA
13 5 (0.44%) MCSE
13 5 (0.44%) PMI Certification
13 5 (0.44%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (11.54%) QA
2 32 (2.82%) Dodd-Frank
3 25 (2.20%) Data Quality
3 25 (2.20%) EMIR
3 25 (2.20%) MiFID
4 14 (1.23%) Accessibility
5 12 (1.06%) SLA
6 7 (0.62%) GDPR
6 7 (0.62%) HL7
6 7 (0.62%) ISO 20022
7 6 (0.53%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.44%) WCAG
9 4 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
10 2 (0.18%) IFRS
10 2 (0.18%) SEPA
11 1 (0.088%) DICOM
11 1 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.088%) PSD2
11 1 (0.088%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.088%) TARGET2
System Software
1 100 (8.81%) Docker
2 22 (1.94%) Active Directory
3 12 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.79%) NFS
6 4 (0.35%) HDFS
7 2 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.18%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.18%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.18%) vSphere
8 1 (0.088%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.088%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 1 (0.088%) NDS
8 1 (0.088%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 1 (0.088%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.088%) RACF
8 1 (0.088%) Time Sharing Option
8 1 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 64 (5.64%) Kubernetes
2 27 (2.38%) Ansible
3 25 (2.20%) BladeLogic
4 17 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
5 15 (1.32%) Terraform
6 11 (0.97%) Kibana
7 8 (0.70%) Grafana
7 8 (0.70%) logstash
7 8 (0.70%) Puppet
8 7 (0.62%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.53%) Data Guard
9 6 (0.53%) FortiGate
9 6 (0.53%) HP ALM
9 6 (0.53%) Prometheus
10 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Clustering
10 5 (0.44%) Nessus
10 5 (0.44%) WMI
11 4 (0.35%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 4 (0.35%) Tivoli
11 4 (0.35%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 238 (20.97%) Oracle
2 141 (12.42%) Microsoft
3 71 (6.26%) SAP
4 55 (4.85%) Salesforce.com
5 53 (4.67%) IBM
6 40 (3.52%) ServiceNow
7 30 (2.64%) webMethods
8 27 (2.38%) Adobe
9 26 (2.29%) FIS
10 25 (2.20%) SunGard
11 24 (2.11%) Atlassian
11 24 (2.11%) Google
11 24 (2.11%) Splunk
12 23 (2.03%) VMware
13 19 (1.67%) Databricks
14 18 (1.59%) Cisco
14 18 (1.59%) Red Hat
15 17 (1.50%) F5
16 14 (1.23%) Murex
16 14 (1.23%) Sybase