Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 161 115 111
Rank change year-on-year -46 -4 -21
Contract jobs citing XML 1,068 580 1,838
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.68% 2.20% 2.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.67% 6.86% 7.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 715 370 1,206
10th Percentile £362 £315 £338
25th Percentile £424 £411 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £569
90th Percentile £720 £656 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 5 36
10th Percentile £30.50 £38.80 £41.13
25th Percentile £61.50 £47.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate £65.50 £55.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +19.09% +4.76% +26.51%
75th Percentile £71.75 £57.50 £60.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £62.60 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £65.52 £52.50 £45.50
% change year-on-year +24.80% +15.38% +10.30%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,851 8,460 25,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.68% 32.12% 31.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,711 6,038 18,337
10th Percentile £363 £325 £342
25th Percentile £425 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £598 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 70 225
10th Percentile £18.52 £21.20 £17.45
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £45.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.89% -1.10% +8.84%
75th Percentile £63.00 £54.52 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.50 £63.23 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £44.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +9.50% -0.56% +8.36%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for XML in England

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Daily rate trend for XML in England

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Hourly rate trend for XML in England

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 587 £550 +4.76% 124
South East -42 132 £450 -5.26% 63
North of England -26 97 £450 +9.09% 56
East of England -2 79 £485 -7.62% 18
Midlands -74 78 £405 -8.68% 37
West Midlands -54 71 £405 -10.00% 25
North West -29 49 £456 +2.53% 33
Yorkshire -25 40 £420 +3.07% 16
South West -69 23 £463 -11.90% 32
North East -13 8 £403 +2.16% 7
East Midlands -47 7 £403 +27.78% 12
XML
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for XML.

1 506 (47.38%) JSON
2 455 (42.60%) SQL
3 416 (38.95%) Java
4 403 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
5 314 (29.40%) JavaScript
6 277 (25.94%) REST
7 259 (24.25%) HTML
8 250 (23.41%) Git (software)
9 240 (22.47%) Oracle
10 230 (21.54%) Web Services
11 229 (21.44%) SOAP
12 227 (21.25%) Social Skills
13 221 (20.69%) DevOps
14 211 (19.76%) Windows
15 209 (19.57%) Finance
16 203 (19.01%) Jenkins
17 201 (18.82%) C#
18 176 (16.48%) Test Automation
19 174 (16.29%) CSS
20 173 (16.20%) .NET
21 171 (16.01%) Python
22 170 (15.92%) Azure
23 169 (15.82%) JIRA
23 169 (15.82%) SQL Server
24 150 (14.04%) Relational Database
25 149 (13.95%) Spring
26 141 (13.20%) Problem-Solving
27 138 (12.92%) Banking
28 137 (12.83%) Linux
29 135 (12.64%) AWS

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (7.40%) Confluence
2 43 (4.03%) Apache
3 38 (3.56%) Tomcat
4 36 (3.37%) CMS
5 30 (2.81%) WebLogic
6 28 (2.62%) JBoss
7 26 (2.43%) Mule
8 23 (2.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 19 (1.78%) WebSphere
10 14 (1.31%) BizTalk Server
10 14 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
11 13 (1.22%) DataSynapse
11 13 (1.22%) IIS
11 13 (1.22%) OpenStack
11 13 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 13 (1.22%) Oracle Workflow
12 12 (1.12%) SharePoint
13 11 (1.03%) Apache Spark
13 11 (1.03%) nginx
14 8 (0.75%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 57 (5.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (2.34%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.56%) FrameMaker
5 6 (0.56%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.28%) SPSS
7 2 (0.19%) Doxygen
7 2 (0.19%) Mingle
7 2 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.094%) 3ds Max
8 1 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 35 (3.28%) SunGard Martini
2 16 (1.50%) SAP HCM
3 14 (1.31%) NetSuite
4 8 (0.75%) Oracle ERP
5 7 (0.66%) Oracle General Ledger
6 6 (0.56%) Oracle FAH
6 6 (0.56%) SAP FI-CA
6 6 (0.56%) SAP PSCD
6 6 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.47%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 4 (0.37%) Cerner Millennium
8 4 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.37%) Magento
8 4 (0.37%) Maximo
8 4 (0.37%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.37%) Workday HCM
9 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
9 3 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
9 3 (0.28%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 170 (15.92%) Azure
2 135 (12.64%) AWS
3 110 (10.30%) GitHub
4 45 (4.21%) Power Platform
5 36 (3.37%) SaaS
6 33 (3.09%) Serverless
7 30 (2.81%) GCP
8 26 (2.43%) Azure Data Factory
9 24 (2.25%) Azure Logic Apps
10 20 (1.87%) PaaS
11 19 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (1.59%) Apigee
13 16 (1.50%) Amazon S3
13 16 (1.50%) OpenShift
13 16 (1.50%) SuccessFactors
14 14 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
15 12 (1.12%) Azure Functions
16 11 (1.03%) Amazon EKS
16 11 (1.03%) Azure Event Grid
17 10 (0.94%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 71 (6.65%) HTTP
2 45 (4.21%) TCP/IP
3 29 (2.72%) FTP
4 23 (2.15%) LAN
4 23 (2.15%) SSL
5 22 (2.06%) VSAN
6 15 (1.40%) Software-Defined Networking
7 14 (1.31%) DNS
8 13 (1.22%) 3GPP
8 13 (1.22%) Firewall
8 13 (1.22%) SGSN
9 9 (0.84%) SSH
10 8 (0.75%) Remote Desktop
10 8 (0.75%) SMTP
10 8 (0.75%) Telnet
11 7 (0.66%) HTTPS
11 7 (0.66%) Internet
11 7 (0.66%) SAN
11 7 (0.66%) WAN
12 6 (0.56%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (15.82%) SQL Server
2 150 (14.04%) Relational Database
3 83 (7.77%) Oracle Database
4 67 (6.27%) Data Warehouse
5 63 (5.90%) NoSQL
6 60 (5.62%) MySQL
7 58 (5.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 45 (4.21%) PostgreSQL
9 43 (4.03%) Oracle Database 12c
10 42 (3.93%) Power BI
11 32 (3.00%) RDBMS
12 31 (2.90%) MongoDB
13 27 (2.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 27 (2.53%) Tableau
14 24 (2.25%) Data Mining
15 23 (2.15%) Big Data
15 23 (2.15%) Data Lake
16 21 (1.97%) Hadoop
17 19 (1.78%) Oracle Reports
18 18 (1.69%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 250 (23.41%) Git (software)
2 203 (19.01%) Jenkins
3 169 (15.82%) JIRA
4 108 (10.11%) JUnit
5 99 (9.27%) Visual Studio
6 98 (9.18%) Subversion
7 90 (8.43%) Maven
8 84 (7.87%) Selenium
9 74 (6.93%) Cucumber
10 59 (5.52%) Postman
11 45 (4.21%) SoapUI
12 40 (3.75%) Oracle APEX
13 38 (3.56%) TeamCity
14 37 (3.46%) Gradle
15 36 (3.37%) Bitbucket
16 34 (3.18%) CppUnit
17 32 (3.00%) Gatling
18 29 (2.72%) Artifactory
18 29 (2.72%) Mockito
19 25 (2.34%) Xcode
General
1 227 (21.25%) Social Skills
2 209 (19.57%) Finance
3 138 (12.92%) Banking
4 87 (8.15%) Analytical Skills
5 63 (5.90%) Investment Banking
6 58 (5.43%) Front Office
6 58 (5.43%) Public Sector
7 41 (3.84%) Retail
8 32 (3.00%) Documentation Skills
9 31 (2.90%) Marketing
10 27 (2.53%) Presentation Skills
10 27 (2.53%) Telecoms
11 26 (2.43%) Manufacturing
12 20 (1.87%) Back Office
12 20 (1.87%) Influencing Skills
13 12 (1.12%) Organisational Skills
14 10 (0.94%) Electronics
14 10 (0.94%) Publishing
15 8 (0.75%) Automotive
15 8 (0.75%) Legal
Job Titles
1 521 (48.78%) Developer
2 114 (10.67%) Analyst
3 101 (9.46%) Java Developer
4 80 (7.49%) Architect
5 58 (5.43%) Senior Developer
6 48 (4.49%) Consultant
7 43 (4.03%) C++ Developer
8 36 (3.37%) C# Developer
9 35 (3.28%) .NET Developer
9 35 (3.28%) Test Analyst
10 34 (3.18%) Tester
11 33 (3.09%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
11 33 (3.09%) Python Developer
12 30 (2.81%) Front Office Developer
13 29 (2.72%) Software Engineer
14 28 (2.62%) SQL Developer
15 27 (2.53%) Cloud Engineer
16 26 (2.43%) Full Stack Developer
17 24 (2.25%) Data Engineer
18 23 (2.15%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 506 (47.38%) JSON
2 277 (25.94%) REST
3 259 (24.25%) HTML
4 230 (21.54%) Web Services
5 229 (21.44%) SOAP
6 174 (16.29%) CSS
7 173 (16.20%) .NET
8 149 (13.95%) Spring
9 111 (10.39%) XSLT
10 105 (9.83%) RESTful
11 91 (8.52%) AngularJS
12 78 (7.30%) Spring Boot
13 73 (6.84%) Node.js
14 66 (6.18%) React
15 60 (5.62%) .NET Framework
16 58 (5.43%) HTML5
17 56 (5.24%) ASP.NET
18 53 (4.96%) jQuery
19 51 (4.78%) XSD
20 50 (4.68%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 37 (3.46%) Fixed Income
2 32 (3.00%) Data Centre
2 32 (3.00%) Mobile App
3 31 (2.90%) Derivative
4 28 (2.62%) User Experience
5 26 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
6 25 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
7 22 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 21 (1.97%) NHS
9 20 (1.87%) Client/Server
10 19 (1.78%) Wiki
11 17 (1.59%) Animation
11 17 (1.59%) Data Structures
11 17 (1.59%) Management Information System
11 17 (1.59%) Reference Data
12 16 (1.50%) Cloud Native
13 14 (1.31%) Social Media
14 13 (1.22%) Replication
15 11 (1.03%) iPhone
15 11 (1.03%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 211 (19.76%) Windows
2 137 (12.83%) Linux
3 126 (11.80%) Unix
4 31 (2.90%) Apple iOS
5 30 (2.81%) Android
6 19 (1.78%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.66%) Solaris
8 6 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.37%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.37%) Windows 7
9 4 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.28%) zOS
11 2 (0.19%) AIX
11 2 (0.19%) OS/400
11 2 (0.19%) VMS
11 2 (0.19%) Windows 2000
11 2 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
11 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.19%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
2 221 (20.69%) DevOps
3 176 (16.48%) Test Automation
4 141 (13.20%) Problem-Solving
5 134 (12.55%) Microservices
6 128 (11.99%) Scrum
7 127 (11.89%) TDD
8 111 (10.39%) MVC
9 105 (9.83%) Data Modelling
10 101 (9.46%) Unit Testing
11 100 (9.36%) Software Engineering
12 97 (9.08%) OO
13 95 (8.90%) SDLC
14 84 (7.87%) Continuous Integration
15 74 (6.93%) Analytics
15 74 (6.93%) BDD
16 73 (6.84%) Migration
17 72 (6.74%) ETL
18 70 (6.55%) Workflow
19 68 (6.37%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 455 (42.60%) SQL
2 416 (38.95%) Java
3 314 (29.40%) JavaScript
4 201 (18.82%) C#
5 171 (16.01%) Python
6 99 (9.27%) C++
7 93 (8.71%) PowerShell
8 69 (6.46%) Java 8
9 60 (5.62%) PL/SQL
10 48 (4.49%) C
11 40 (3.75%) TypeScript
12 37 (3.46%) PHP
13 31 (2.90%) Java 11
14 30 (2.81%) T-SQL
15 26 (2.43%) Apple Swift
16 24 (2.25%) Shell Script
16 24 (2.25%) VBA
17 23 (2.15%) Objective-C
18 22 (2.06%) Apex Code
18 22 (2.06%) Perl
Qualifications
1 125 (11.70%) Security Cleared
2 87 (8.15%) SC Cleared
3 49 (4.59%) Degree
4 38 (3.56%) ISTQB
5 35 (3.28%) ISEB
5 35 (3.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 28 (2.62%) DV Cleared
7 25 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
8 17 (1.59%) AWS Certification
9 12 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.94%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.37%) ACCA
12 4 (0.37%) CIMA
13 2 (0.19%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.094%) A+ Certification
14 1 (0.094%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.094%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.094%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (7.02%) QA
2 23 (2.15%) Accessibility
3 20 (1.87%) Data Quality
3 20 (1.87%) HL7
4 14 (1.31%) WCAG
5 13 (1.22%) OASIS TOSCA
6 9 (0.84%) ISO 20022
7 6 (0.56%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.47%) IFRS
8 5 (0.47%) MiFID
9 4 (0.37%) EMIR
9 4 (0.37%) GAAP
10 3 (0.28%) SLA
11 2 (0.19%) DICOM
11 2 (0.19%) GDPR
12 1 (0.094%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.094%) ISO 15022
12 1 (0.094%) SNOMED CT
12 1 (0.094%) Solvency II
System Software
1 110 (10.30%) Docker
2 50 (4.68%) Active Directory
3 32 (3.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (2.06%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (1.40%) KVM
6 14 (1.31%) Hyper-V
6 14 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.31%) vSphere
7 13 (1.22%) LXC
8 11 (1.03%) VMware NSX
9 8 (0.75%) NFS
10 5 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.37%) RACF
12 2 (0.19%) OpenDJ
12 2 (0.19%) SRDF
12 2 (0.19%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.19%) Xen
12 2 (0.19%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 61 (5.71%) Kubernetes
2 30 (2.81%) Ansible
3 22 (2.06%) vRealize
4 21 (1.97%) BladeLogic
5 20 (1.87%) Grafana
6 13 (1.22%) Cloudify
6 13 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
6 13 (1.22%) Juju
6 13 (1.22%) Kibana
6 13 (1.22%) Prometheus
7 11 (1.03%) PowerCLI
7 11 (1.03%) SCVMM
7 11 (1.03%) Terraform
8 10 (0.94%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.84%) Nagios
9 9 (0.84%) vCenter Server
10 8 (0.75%) Puppet
11 6 (0.56%) CloudHub
11 6 (0.56%) logstash
12 4 (0.37%) Istio
Vendors
1 240 (22.47%) Oracle
2 112 (10.49%) Microsoft
3 61 (5.71%) SAP
4 39 (3.65%) Salesforce.com
4 39 (3.65%) Splunk
5 37 (3.46%) Adobe
6 36 (3.37%) FIS
6 36 (3.37%) IBM
7 35 (3.28%) SunGard
8 33 (3.09%) VMware
9 31 (2.90%) Google
9 31 (2.90%) MuleSoft
10 28 (2.62%) ServiceNow
11 24 (2.25%) Dell
11 24 (2.25%) Murex
12 22 (2.06%) Red Hat
12 22 (2.06%) webMethods
13 19 (1.78%) Atlassian
13 19 (1.78%) HP
13 19 (1.78%) Informatica