Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 140 98 97
Rank change year-on-year -42 -1 -6
Contract jobs citing XML 915 925 2,056
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.87% 2.37% 2.48%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.14% 7.69% 7.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 614 589 1,379
10th Percentile £360 £325 £331
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £553 £575
90th Percentile £690 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +3.16% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 18 38
10th Percentile £25.08 £35.91 £39.53
25th Percentile £50.85 £37.16 £44.29
Median hourly rate £63.00 £50.25 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +25.37% -8.64% +34.15%
75th Percentile £65.89 £57.88 £60.00
90th Percentile £72.67 £68.75 £63.36
UK median hourly rate £63.00 £50.00 £53.75
% change year-on-year +26.00% -6.98% +31.10%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,903 12,036 26,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.40% 30.86% 32.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,721 8,653 19,270
10th Percentile £350 £338 £341
25th Percentile £413 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £603 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +4.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 102 231
10th Percentile £22.02 £20.53 £17.25
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.63 £30.64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.46 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.14% +3.24% +7.14%
75th Percentile £57.50 £57.50 £53.75
90th Percentile £65.59 £66.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.92
% change year-on-year -2.17% +2.42% +7.54%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for XML in England

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Daily rate trend for XML in England

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Hourly rate trend for XML in England

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 488 £525 +1.45% 119
South East -15 130 £440 -2.22% 65
North of England -18 81 £463 +14.91% 65
East of England +8 71 £475 -2.56% 32
Midlands -39 66 £363 -19.44% 42
West Midlands -25 59 £363 -16.67% 28
North West -11 41 £470 +17.50% 32
Yorkshire -14 26 £525 +31.25% 29
South West -51 22 £463 -11.90% 29
North East +10 14 £405 -1.82% 4
East Midlands -17 6 £434 -13.68% 14
XML
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for XML.

1 438 (47.87%) JSON
2 377 (41.20%) SQL
3 341 (37.27%) Java
4 314 (34.32%) Agile Software Development
5 246 (26.89%) JavaScript
6 231 (25.25%) Web Services
7 217 (23.72%) HTML
8 213 (23.28%) Oracle
9 204 (22.30%) REST
10 198 (21.64%) SOAP
11 197 (21.53%) Git (software)
12 192 (20.98%) Social Skills
13 181 (19.78%) Windows
14 170 (18.58%) Finance
15 159 (17.38%) C#
16 155 (16.94%) JIRA
17 153 (16.72%) Test Automation
18 149 (16.28%) Azure
19 147 (16.07%) Python
20 140 (15.30%) Jenkins
21 139 (15.19%) .NET
22 135 (14.75%) Relational Database
23 130 (14.21%) SQL Server
24 127 (13.88%) Microservices
25 126 (13.77%) CSS
26 125 (13.66%) DevOps
27 121 (13.22%) RESTful
28 120 (13.11%) TDD
29 118 (12.90%) Security Cleared
30 117 (12.79%) Spring

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (8.74%) Confluence
2 33 (3.61%) Apache
2 33 (3.61%) CMS
2 33 (3.61%) JBoss
3 30 (3.28%) WebLogic
4 29 (3.17%) Tomcat
5 26 (2.84%) Mule
6 25 (2.73%) OpenStack
7 22 (2.40%) Apache Spark
8 19 (2.08%) Oracle Workflow
9 17 (1.86%) SharePoint
10 16 (1.75%) WebSphere
11 14 (1.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (1.42%) IIS
13 12 (1.31%) Red Hat Fuse
14 11 (1.20%) Apache Airflow
14 11 (1.20%) nginx
15 9 (0.98%) Anypoint
15 9 (0.98%) Mule ESB
16 8 (0.87%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 34 (3.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.55%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.22%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.22%) SPSS
6 1 (0.11%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.11%) FrameMaker
6 1 (0.11%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.11%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 23 (2.51%) SunGard Martini
2 13 (1.42%) SAP FI-CA
2 13 (1.42%) SAP HCM
2 13 (1.42%) SAP PSCD
2 13 (1.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 10 (1.09%) Oracle General Ledger
4 9 (0.98%) Oracle EBS R12
4 9 (0.98%) Oracle Payables
5 8 (0.87%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.66%) Magento
6 6 (0.66%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.55%) Maximo
7 5 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.55%) Oracle Assets
7 5 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.44%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 4 (0.44%) Summit
9 3 (0.33%) Oracle Financials
9 3 (0.33%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 149 (16.28%) Azure
2 116 (12.68%) AWS
3 54 (5.90%) GitHub
4 46 (5.03%) Power Platform
5 36 (3.93%) SaaS
6 32 (3.50%) PaaS
7 24 (2.62%) Azure Logic Apps
8 21 (2.30%) IaaS
9 20 (2.19%) GCP
9 20 (2.19%) OpenShift
9 20 (2.19%) Serverless
10 19 (2.08%) Azure Service Bus
11 15 (1.64%) Azure Active Directory
11 15 (1.64%) Azure Data Factory
11 15 (1.64%) SuccessFactors
12 14 (1.53%) Apigee
12 14 (1.53%) Boomi
12 14 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (1.31%) Azure Storage
13 12 (1.31%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 73 (7.98%) HTTP
2 27 (2.95%) TCP/IP
3 24 (2.62%) Software-Defined Networking
4 23 (2.51%) VSAN
5 22 (2.40%) 3GPP
5 22 (2.40%) LAN
5 22 (2.40%) SGSN
6 20 (2.19%) SSL
7 15 (1.64%) DNS
8 13 (1.42%) FTP
9 10 (1.09%) SMTP
10 9 (0.98%) Remote Desktop
11 8 (0.87%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.77%) Firewall
13 6 (0.66%) Internet
13 6 (0.66%) SSH
13 6 (0.66%) WAN
14 5 (0.55%) SAN
15 4 (0.44%) Intranet
15 4 (0.44%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (14.75%) Relational Database
2 130 (14.21%) SQL Server
3 76 (8.31%) Oracle Database
4 73 (7.98%) Data Warehouse
5 60 (6.56%) MySQL
6 46 (5.03%) NoSQL
7 41 (4.48%) Oracle Database 12c
8 34 (3.72%) MongoDB
9 33 (3.61%) Power BI
10 32 (3.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 31 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
11 31 (3.39%) RDBMS
12 28 (3.06%) Data Lake
12 28 (3.06%) Oracle Reports
13 27 (2.95%) Tableau
14 23 (2.51%) Big Data
15 22 (2.40%) Hadoop
16 19 (2.08%) Parquet
17 15 (1.64%) Azure SQL Database
17 15 (1.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 197 (21.53%) Git (software)
2 155 (16.94%) JIRA
3 140 (15.30%) Jenkins
4 96 (10.49%) JUnit
5 85 (9.29%) Subversion
6 81 (8.85%) Maven
7 66 (7.21%) Selenium
8 58 (6.34%) Cucumber
9 55 (6.01%) Visual Studio
10 49 (5.36%) Postman
11 43 (4.70%) SoapUI
12 33 (3.61%) Oracle APEX
13 31 (3.39%) Gradle
14 29 (3.17%) Xcode
15 25 (2.73%) Sonatype Nexus
16 24 (2.62%) FishEye
17 23 (2.51%) Artifactory
18 22 (2.40%) CppUnit
19 21 (2.30%) Eclipse
20 20 (2.19%) TeamCity
General
1 192 (20.98%) Social Skills
2 170 (18.58%) Finance
3 93 (10.16%) Banking
4 81 (8.85%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (6.56%) Public Sector
6 42 (4.59%) Investment Banking
7 37 (4.04%) Front Office
8 33 (3.61%) Telecoms
9 27 (2.95%) Retail
10 26 (2.84%) Back Office
10 26 (2.84%) Manufacturing
11 24 (2.62%) Documentation Skills
12 20 (2.19%) Marketing
13 18 (1.97%) Influencing Skills
14 13 (1.42%) Electronics
14 13 (1.42%) Presentation Skills
15 10 (1.09%) Legal
16 9 (0.98%) Organisational Skills
17 8 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
18 7 (0.77%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 410 (44.81%) Developer
2 93 (10.16%) Analyst
3 86 (9.40%) Architect
3 86 (9.40%) Java Developer
4 62 (6.78%) Senior Developer
5 44 (4.81%) Consultant
6 43 (4.70%) C# Developer
7 36 (3.93%) Cloud Engineer
7 36 (3.93%) ServiceNow Developer
8 33 (3.61%) Data Engineer
9 31 (3.39%) .NET Developer
9 31 (3.39%) Test Analyst
10 30 (3.28%) C++ Developer
10 30 (3.28%) Tester
11 27 (2.95%) Solutions Architect
12 25 (2.73%) Software Engineer
13 23 (2.51%) Senior Java Developer
14 22 (2.40%) Data Analyst
14 22 (2.40%) iOS Developer
15 21 (2.30%) Virtualisation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 438 (47.87%) JSON
2 231 (25.25%) Web Services
3 217 (23.72%) HTML
4 204 (22.30%) REST
5 198 (21.64%) SOAP
6 139 (15.19%) .NET
7 126 (13.77%) CSS
8 121 (13.22%) RESTful
9 117 (12.79%) Spring
10 92 (10.05%) XSLT
11 89 (9.73%) AngularJS
12 67 (7.32%) Node.js
13 51 (5.57%) J2EE
14 50 (5.46%) jQuery
15 43 (4.70%) JMS
16 42 (4.59%) Spring Boot
17 41 (4.48%) Ajax
18 40 (4.37%) Java EE
18 40 (4.37%) React
18 40 (4.37%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 43 (4.70%) Data Centre
2 42 (4.59%) Derivative
3 34 (3.72%) Fixed Income
4 30 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
5 24 (2.62%) Data Structures
6 22 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
7 21 (2.30%) SWIFT
8 20 (2.19%) Cloud Native
8 20 (2.19%) Reference Data
9 19 (2.08%) Equities
9 19 (2.08%) Management Information System
9 19 (2.08%) Mobile App
10 17 (1.86%) Animation
11 15 (1.64%) User Experience
12 14 (1.53%) Algorithms
12 14 (1.53%) Client/Server
13 13 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 13 (1.42%) Replication
14 11 (1.20%) iPhone
14 11 (1.20%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 181 (19.78%) Windows
2 115 (12.57%) Linux
2 115 (12.57%) Unix
3 38 (4.15%) Apple iOS
4 33 (3.61%) Android
5 20 (2.19%) Windows Server
6 10 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.55%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.44%) CentOS
9 4 (0.44%) Solaris
9 4 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.22%) SUSE
10 2 (0.22%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.11%) Tizen
11 1 (0.11%) webOS
11 1 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 314 (34.32%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (16.72%) Test Automation
3 127 (13.88%) Microservices
4 125 (13.66%) DevOps
5 120 (13.11%) TDD
6 97 (10.60%) SOA
7 87 (9.51%) Scrum
8 85 (9.29%) SDLC
9 81 (8.85%) MVC
10 80 (8.74%) Continuous Integration
10 80 (8.74%) Data Modelling
11 75 (8.20%) OO
11 75 (8.20%) Unit Testing
12 71 (7.76%) Software Engineering
13 70 (7.65%) BDD
14 68 (7.43%) Problem-Solving
15 62 (6.78%) UML
16 61 (6.67%) Business Intelligence
16 61 (6.67%) Open Source
17 60 (6.56%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 377 (41.20%) SQL
2 341 (37.27%) Java
3 246 (26.89%) JavaScript
4 159 (17.38%) C#
5 147 (16.07%) Python
6 90 (9.84%) PowerShell
7 77 (8.42%) C++
8 65 (7.10%) PL/SQL
9 54 (5.90%) Java 8
10 48 (5.25%) C
11 34 (3.72%) T-SQL
12 31 (3.39%) Apple Swift
13 30 (3.28%) TypeScript
14 27 (2.95%) Objective-C
15 24 (2.62%) PHP
16 21 (2.30%) Kotlin
17 19 (2.08%) XPath
18 18 (1.97%) Bash Shell
19 17 (1.86%) R
20 16 (1.75%) Scala
Qualifications
1 118 (12.90%) Security Cleared
2 88 (9.62%) SC Cleared
3 48 (5.25%) Degree
4 35 (3.83%) ISEB
4 35 (3.83%) ISTQB
5 33 (3.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 24 (2.62%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (2.62%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.31%) AWS Certification
8 10 (1.09%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.22%) ACCA
10 2 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.22%) CIMA
11 1 (0.11%) CISA
11 1 (0.11%) CISM
11 1 (0.11%) CISSP
11 1 (0.11%) ISSAP
11 1 (0.11%) ISSEP
11 1 (0.11%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (6.78%) QA
2 22 (2.40%) OASIS TOSCA
3 16 (1.75%) Data Quality
4 13 (1.42%) HL7
5 7 (0.77%) ISO 20022
5 7 (0.77%) MiFID
6 5 (0.55%) Accessibility
7 4 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
7 4 (0.44%) SLA
8 2 (0.22%) CDISC
8 2 (0.22%) EMIR
8 2 (0.22%) GAAP
8 2 (0.22%) GDPR
8 2 (0.22%) IFRS
8 2 (0.22%) ISO 15022
8 2 (0.22%) ISO 9000
8 2 (0.22%) WCAG
9 1 (0.11%) GRC
9 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.11%) NIST
System Software
1 95 (10.38%) Docker
2 53 (5.79%) Active Directory
3 33 (3.61%) VMware ESXi
4 31 (3.39%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (2.51%) KVM
6 22 (2.40%) LXC
7 21 (2.30%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (1.75%) vSphere
9 13 (1.42%) VMware NSX
10 12 (1.31%) Hyper-V
11 8 (0.87%) HDFS
12 6 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.33%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.33%) NFS
13 3 (0.33%) RACF
13 3 (0.33%) Terminal Services
13 3 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
13 3 (0.33%) XenApp
14 2 (0.22%) Firmware
14 2 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 57 (6.23%) Kubernetes
2 33 (3.61%) Ansible
3 24 (2.62%) Grafana
4 23 (2.51%) vRealize
5 22 (2.40%) Cloudify
5 22 (2.40%) Docker Swarm
5 22 (2.40%) Juju
5 22 (2.40%) Prometheus
6 15 (1.64%) Terraform
7 13 (1.42%) PowerCLI
7 13 (1.42%) Single Sign-On
8 10 (1.09%) SCVMM
8 10 (1.09%) vCenter Server
9 9 (0.98%) Puppet
10 7 (0.77%) CloudHub
10 7 (0.77%) HP ALM
11 6 (0.66%) BladeLogic
12 5 (0.55%) Control-M
12 5 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.44%) Nagios
Vendors
1 213 (23.28%) Oracle
2 103 (11.26%) Microsoft
3 70 (7.65%) SAP
4 50 (5.46%) ServiceNow
5 36 (3.93%) Red Hat
6 35 (3.83%) VMware
7 34 (3.72%) MuleSoft
8 33 (3.61%) Dell
9 28 (3.06%) Splunk
10 27 (2.95%) Google
10 27 (2.95%) HP
10 27 (2.95%) Salesforce.com
11 26 (2.84%) Cisco
12 23 (2.51%) FIS
12 23 (2.51%) SunGard
13 22 (2.40%) Atlassian
13 22 (2.40%) Ericsson
13 22 (2.40%) Juniper
13 22 (2.40%) Mirantis
14 21 (2.30%) IBM