Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 135 100 100
Rank change year-on-year -35 0 -15
Contract jobs citing XML 782 1,263 2,242
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.87% 2.36% 2.54%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.16% 7.74% 7.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 543 772 1,498
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
25th Percentile £402 £400 £389
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £496 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.42% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £550 £575
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 32 38
10th Percentile £25.03 £22.06 £23.10
25th Percentile £38.00 £36.12 £36.34
Median hourly rate £55.00 £49.43 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.28% +9.83% +9.76%
75th Percentile £61.00 £53.28 £55.00
90th Percentile £66.80 £68.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £48.85 £44.92
% change year-on-year +12.59% +8.76% +9.55%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,705 16,320 29,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.43% 30.44% 33.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,179 11,644 21,185
10th Percentile £325 £338 £331
25th Percentile £406 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £592 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 152 247
10th Percentile £22.00 £19.79 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.11 £27.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% +7.98%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £73.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -2.17% +6.98% +6.83%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for XML in England

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Daily rate trend for XML in England

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Hourly rate trend for XML in England

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 437 £525 +5.00% 99
South East -14 98 £448 +0.56% 45
Midlands -16 75 £360 -20.00% 32
North of England -23 65 £440 +6.67% 78
West Midlands -7 62 £360 -20.00% 22
East of England +26 53 £500 +14.83% 28
North West -13 32 £500 +17.65% 40
Yorkshire -11 21 £433 +8.13% 30
South West -18 15 £425 -10.53% 35
North East +11 12 £413 - 8
East Midlands -4 12 £436 +1.16% 10
XML
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for XML.

1 357 (45.65%) JSON
2 340 (43.48%) SQL
3 290 (37.08%) Java
4 275 (35.17%) Agile Software Development
5 229 (29.28%) Web Services
6 216 (27.62%) JavaScript
7 209 (26.73%) Oracle
8 188 (24.04%) HTML
9 184 (23.53%) SOAP
10 163 (20.84%) REST
11 151 (19.31%) Finance
12 137 (17.52%) .NET
12 137 (17.52%) JIRA
13 136 (17.39%) Git (software)
14 131 (16.75%) CSS
15 129 (16.50%) SQL Server
16 127 (16.24%) RESTful
16 127 (16.24%) Azure
17 124 (15.86%) Test Automation
18 123 (15.73%) C#
19 115 (14.71%) XSLT
20 111 (14.19%) Python
21 105 (13.43%) Microservices
22 102 (13.04%) Spring
22 102 (13.04%) Jenkins
23 99 (12.66%) AWS
23 99 (12.66%) TDD
24 98 (12.53%) Unix
24 98 (12.53%) Microsoft
25 97 (12.40%) Continuous Integration

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (9.59%) Confluence
2 39 (4.99%) JBoss
3 38 (4.86%) WebLogic
4 34 (4.35%) Oracle Workflow
5 33 (4.22%) CMS
6 29 (3.71%) Red Hat Fuse
7 26 (3.32%) Apache
7 26 (3.32%) Apache Spark
7 26 (3.32%) WebSphere
8 24 (3.07%) Mule
9 21 (2.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 21 (2.69%) SharePoint
9 21 (2.69%) Tomcat
10 20 (2.56%) OpenStack
11 12 (1.53%) BizTalk Server
12 10 (1.28%) Apache Airflow
12 10 (1.28%) MQSeries
12 10 (1.28%) Oracle Service Bus
13 9 (1.15%) Anypoint
14 8 (1.02%) nginx
Applications
1 28 (3.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.41%) MS Visio
3 9 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.26%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.26%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.13%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.13%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 25 (3.20%) Oracle EBS
2 21 (2.69%) Oracle EBS R12
3 20 (2.56%) Oracle General Ledger
4 19 (2.43%) Oracle Payables
5 17 (2.17%) Oracle Assets
6 14 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
6 14 (1.79%) SAP FI-CA
6 14 (1.79%) SAP PSCD
7 10 (1.28%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 7 (0.90%) SAP HCM
9 6 (0.77%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.77%) SunGard Martini
10 5 (0.64%) Magento
10 5 (0.64%) Maximo
10 5 (0.64%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.64%) Oracle ERP
11 4 (0.51%) BusinessWorks
11 4 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.51%) Summit
12 3 (0.38%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 127 (16.24%) Azure
2 99 (12.66%) AWS
3 46 (5.88%) GitHub
4 34 (4.35%) Power Platform
5 27 (3.45%) SaaS
6 25 (3.20%) PaaS
7 22 (2.81%) Logic Apps
8 21 (2.69%) Serverless
9 20 (2.56%) Boomi
10 19 (2.43%) OpenShift
11 17 (2.17%) Azure Active Directory
11 17 (2.17%) IaaS
11 17 (2.17%) PowerApps
12 15 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
13 14 (1.79%) Amazon S3
13 14 (1.79%) Apigee
13 14 (1.79%) GCP
14 11 (1.41%) Dynamics 365
15 10 (1.28%) Amazon Kinesis
15 10 (1.28%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 74 (9.46%) HTTP
2 26 (3.32%) TCP/IP
3 18 (2.30%) SSL
4 16 (2.05%) 3GPP
4 16 (2.05%) SGSN
4 16 (2.05%) Software-Defined Networking
5 12 (1.53%) DNS
6 9 (1.15%) FTP
6 9 (1.15%) SMTP
7 8 (1.02%) Internet
8 7 (0.90%) Firewall
8 7 (0.90%) LAN
8 7 (0.90%) VSAN
9 6 (0.77%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.64%) Remote Desktop
11 4 (0.51%) NAS
11 4 (0.51%) SSH
11 4 (0.51%) WAN
12 3 (0.38%) AMQP
12 3 (0.38%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (16.50%) SQL Server
2 84 (10.74%) Relational Database
3 73 (9.34%) MySQL
4 55 (7.03%) Data Warehouse
5 43 (5.50%) Oracle Database
5 43 (5.50%) Oracle Reports
6 41 (5.24%) NoSQL
7 37 (4.73%) MongoDB
8 30 (3.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 29 (3.71%) Oracle BI Publisher
10 26 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
10 26 (3.32%) RDBMS
11 24 (3.07%) Oracle Discoverer
11 24 (3.07%) SQLPlus
12 22 (2.81%) Data Lake
13 21 (2.69%) Oracle Database 12c
13 21 (2.69%) Parquet
14 20 (2.56%) Big Data
14 20 (2.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 19 (2.43%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 137 (17.52%) JIRA
2 136 (17.39%) Git (software)
3 102 (13.04%) Jenkins
4 74 (9.46%) JUnit
5 57 (7.29%) Maven
6 49 (6.27%) Selenium
7 47 (6.01%) Subversion
8 46 (5.88%) Visual Studio
9 45 (5.75%) Cucumber
10 34 (4.35%) Oracle Forms
11 33 (4.22%) SoapUI
12 32 (4.09%) Gradle
13 25 (3.20%) Postman
14 23 (2.94%) Mockito
15 22 (2.81%) Eclipse
16 21 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
17 17 (2.17%) Artifactory
17 17 (2.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 16 (2.05%) JMeter
19 15 (1.92%) Hudson
General
1 151 (19.31%) Finance
2 84 (10.74%) Public Sector
3 57 (7.29%) Banking
4 43 (5.50%) Telecoms
5 29 (3.71%) Marketing
6 28 (3.58%) Investment Banking
6 28 (3.58%) Manufacturing
7 24 (3.07%) Front Office
8 23 (2.94%) Electronics
9 17 (2.17%) Back Office
10 14 (1.79%) Retail
11 9 (1.15%) Legal
11 9 (1.15%) Pharmaceutical
12 8 (1.02%) Advertising
13 5 (0.64%) Law
13 5 (0.64%) Publishing
14 3 (0.38%) Billing
15 2 (0.26%) Automotive
15 2 (0.26%) Games
15 2 (0.26%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 356 (45.52%) Developer
2 95 (12.15%) Java Developer
3 84 (10.74%) Analyst
4 78 (9.97%) Architect
5 60 (7.67%) Senior Developer
6 50 (6.39%) ServiceNow Developer
7 42 (5.37%) Consultant
8 41 (5.24%) Integration Developer
9 40 (5.12%) Test Analyst
10 32 (4.09%) Solutions Architect
11 31 (3.96%) Senior Java Developer
12 30 (3.84%) .NET Developer
13 24 (3.07%) Data Engineer
13 24 (3.07%) Oracle Developer
14 21 (2.69%) C# Developer
14 21 (2.69%) Cloud Engineer
14 21 (2.69%) Senior Integration Developer
14 21 (2.69%) Software Engineer
14 21 (2.69%) Tester
15 18 (2.30%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 357 (45.65%) JSON
2 229 (29.28%) Web Services
3 188 (24.04%) HTML
4 184 (23.53%) SOAP
5 163 (20.84%) REST
6 137 (17.52%) .NET
7 131 (16.75%) CSS
8 127 (16.24%) RESTful
9 115 (14.71%) XSLT
10 102 (13.04%) Spring
11 66 (8.44%) AngularJS
12 52 (6.65%) J2EE
12 52 (6.65%) XSD
13 46 (5.88%) ASP.NET
14 45 (5.75%) JMS
14 45 (5.75%) Middleware
15 44 (5.63%) Ajax
16 43 (5.50%) jQuery
16 43 (5.50%) Node.js
17 41 (5.24%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 56 (7.16%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (4.22%) Derivative
3 31 (3.96%) Data Structures
3 31 (3.96%) Enterprise Software
4 26 (3.32%) Data Centre
4 26 (3.32%) Equities
4 26 (3.32%) Fixed Income
5 25 (3.20%) Mobile App
5 25 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
6 19 (2.43%) SWIFT
7 18 (2.30%) Cloud Native
8 16 (2.05%) User Experience
9 15 (1.92%) Management Information System
10 13 (1.66%) Algorithms
10 13 (1.66%) Reference Data
11 9 (1.15%) Animation
11 9 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (0.90%) Mobile Payment
12 7 (0.90%) Semantic Web
13 6 (0.77%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 98 (12.53%) Unix
2 96 (12.28%) Windows
3 82 (10.49%) Linux
4 22 (2.81%) Android
5 21 (2.69%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.79%) Windows Server
7 9 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 8 (1.02%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.51%) CentOS
9 4 (0.51%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.26%) AIX
10 2 (0.26%) Solaris
10 2 (0.26%) SUSE
10 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.13%) OpenVMS
11 1 (0.13%) Windows Embedded Compact
11 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 275 (35.17%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (15.86%) Test Automation
3 105 (13.43%) Microservices
4 99 (12.66%) TDD
5 97 (12.40%) Continuous Integration
6 93 (11.89%) SOA
7 82 (10.49%) Business Intelligence
7 82 (10.49%) DevOps
8 71 (9.08%) Data Modelling
9 68 (8.70%) Scrum
10 66 (8.44%) SDLC
10 66 (8.44%) Unit Testing
11 63 (8.06%) Workflow
12 58 (7.42%) Migration
13 57 (7.29%) OO
14 53 (6.78%) BDD
14 53 (6.78%) Open Source
15 51 (6.52%) ETL
16 49 (6.27%) ITSM
17 48 (6.14%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 340 (43.48%) SQL
2 290 (37.08%) Java
3 216 (27.62%) JavaScript
4 123 (15.73%) C#
5 111 (14.19%) Python
6 84 (10.74%) PL/SQL
7 53 (6.78%) PowerShell
8 40 (5.12%) C++
9 38 (4.86%) XPath
10 37 (4.73%) T-SQL
11 32 (4.09%) Java 8
12 23 (2.94%) C
13 20 (2.56%) PHP
14 19 (2.43%) Kotlin
15 18 (2.30%) Bash Shell
15 18 (2.30%) VB.NET
16 16 (2.05%) Shell Script
17 15 (1.92%) Apple Swift
17 15 (1.92%) Ruby
17 15 (1.92%) Scala
Qualifications
1 76 (9.72%) Security Cleared
2 67 (8.57%) SC Cleared
3 45 (5.75%) Degree
4 34 (4.35%) ISEB
5 33 (4.22%) ISTQB
6 32 (4.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 22 (2.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.90%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.64%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.51%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.26%) CCNA
11 2 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.26%) CISM
11 2 (0.26%) CISSP
11 2 (0.26%) MCSE
11 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.26%) VCP6
11 2 (0.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (7.03%) QA
2 16 (2.05%) OASIS TOSCA
3 8 (1.02%) Data Quality
3 8 (1.02%) ISO 20022
4 7 (0.90%) SLA
5 6 (0.77%) HL7
5 6 (0.77%) MiFID
6 3 (0.38%) NIST
7 2 (0.26%) CDISC
7 2 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.26%) EMIR
7 2 (0.26%) GDPR
7 2 (0.26%) ISO 15022
7 2 (0.26%) ISO 9000
7 2 (0.26%) NCSC
7 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.26%) WCAG
8 1 (0.13%) GAAP
8 1 (0.13%) GxP
System Software
1 78 (9.97%) Docker
2 25 (3.20%) Active Directory
3 23 (2.94%) VMware ESXi
4 18 (2.30%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (2.05%) KVM
5 16 (2.05%) LXC
6 11 (1.41%) HDFS
7 10 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
8 7 (0.90%) VMware NSX
8 7 (0.90%) vSphere
9 6 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.38%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.26%) Firmware
11 2 (0.26%) NFS
11 2 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.13%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.13%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.13%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.13%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 66 (8.44%) Kubernetes
2 26 (3.32%) Ansible
2 26 (3.32%) Grafana
3 21 (2.69%) Prometheus
4 18 (2.30%) Docker Swarm
5 16 (2.05%) Cloudify
5 16 (2.05%) HP Quality Center
5 16 (2.05%) Juju
6 13 (1.66%) Terraform
7 10 (1.28%) Puppet
8 7 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
8 7 (0.90%) HP ALM
8 7 (0.90%) PowerCLI
8 7 (0.90%) vRealize
9 6 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (0.77%) vCenter Server
10 5 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.64%) Red Hat Satellite
10 5 (0.64%) Red Hat Spacewalk
11 4 (0.51%) Control-M
Vendors
1 209 (26.73%) Oracle
2 98 (12.53%) Microsoft
3 75 (9.59%) SAP
4 59 (7.54%) ServiceNow
5 37 (4.73%) Red Hat
6 32 (4.09%) MuleSoft
7 30 (3.84%) Atlassian
8 27 (3.45%) webMethods
9 26 (3.32%) Dell
10 22 (2.81%) Google
11 18 (2.30%) Cisco
11 18 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (2.30%) TIBCO
12 16 (2.05%) Ericsson
12 16 (2.05%) Juniper
12 16 (2.05%) Mirantis
12 16 (2.05%) Sybase
12 16 (2.05%) VMware
13 15 (1.92%) HP
14 14 (1.79%) IBM