Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 119 108 96
Rank change year-on-year -11 -12 -16
Contract jobs citing XML 725 1,480 2,380
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.14% 2.25% 2.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.95% 7.41% 7.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 617 971 1,602
Median daily rate £488 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £338 £338 £313
90th Percentile £625 £619 £613
UK median daily rate £488 £469 £455
% change year-on-year +3.89% +3.13% +1.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 24 35
Median hourly rate £58.00 £50.25 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.42% +22.56% -0.61%
10th Percentile £38.00 £22.58 £24.74
90th Percentile £68.00 £71.12 £48.04
UK median hourly rate £58.00 £48.85 £41.00
% change year-on-year +18.73% +19.15% -0.61%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,426 19,966 31,473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.84% 30.35% 34.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,429 14,205 22,626
Median daily rate £490 £500 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £663 £651 £638
UK median daily rate £482 £495 £480
% change year-on-year -2.63% +3.13% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 184 242
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%
10th Percentile £22.10 £17.21 £18.55
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.23
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for XML in England

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Daily rate trend for XML in England

XML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML in England.

Hourly rate trend for XML in England

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in England

XML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +21 394 £525 +2.44% 108
Midlands +24 106 £400 -6.43% 40
South East +4 89 £449 +2.57% 55
West Midlands +25 86 £400 -11.11% 21
North of England -18 69 £419 +1.52% 51
North West +21 30 £525 +23.53% 30
East of England +31 29 £500 +17.65% 28
Yorkshire -9 29 £375 -7.41% 18
East Midlands +18 17 £520 +42.08% 19
South West -22 14 £500 +5.26% 18
North East -4 10 £406 +0.93% 3
XML
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for XML.

1 323 (44.55%) SQL
2 318 (43.86%) Java
3 317 (43.72%) JSON
4 308 (42.48%) Agile Software Development
5 233 (32.14%) Oracle
6 218 (30.07%) Web Services
7 185 (25.52%) JavaScript
8 166 (22.90%) SOAP
9 157 (21.66%) HTML
10 146 (20.14%) JIRA
11 142 (19.59%) REST
12 136 (18.76%) Test Automation
13 135 (18.62%) Microservices
14 132 (18.21%) .NET
14 132 (18.21%) Finance
15 127 (17.52%) Unix
16 124 (17.10%) SQL Server
17 122 (16.83%) TDD
18 116 (16.00%) Azure
19 115 (15.86%) Git (software)
19 115 (15.86%) RESTful
20 113 (15.59%) Spring
20 113 (15.59%) CSS
21 111 (15.31%) XSLT
22 109 (15.03%) Public Sector
23 108 (14.90%) Business Intelligence
24 106 (14.62%) Continuous Integration
25 104 (14.34%) Linux
26 102 (14.07%) Windows
26 102 (14.07%) Jenkins

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (13.66%) Confluence
2 64 (8.83%) JBoss
3 59 (8.14%) Red Hat Fuse
4 58 (8.00%) WebLogic
5 43 (5.93%) Mule
6 41 (5.66%) WebSphere
7 38 (5.24%) Oracle Workflow
8 35 (4.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 28 (3.86%) CMS
10 26 (3.59%) Apache
11 24 (3.31%) Tomcat
12 21 (2.90%) SharePoint
13 19 (2.62%) Apache Spark
13 19 (2.62%) MQSeries
14 16 (2.21%) BizTalk Server
14 16 (2.21%) IIS
15 13 (1.79%) Oracle Service Bus
16 12 (1.66%) Appian
17 11 (1.52%) OpenStack
18 10 (1.38%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 33 (4.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.79%) MS Visio
3 8 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (1.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.55%) Adobe XD
4 4 (0.55%) InfoPath
4 4 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.55%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.28%) SPSS
6 1 (0.14%) Figma
Business Applications
1 30 (4.14%) Oracle EBS
2 23 (3.17%) Oracle EBS R12
3 22 (3.03%) Oracle Payables
4 20 (2.76%) Oracle Assets
4 20 (2.76%) Oracle General Ledger
5 17 (2.34%) SAP FI-CA
6 14 (1.93%) Dynamics CRM
7 10 (1.38%) SAP PSCD
7 10 (1.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 10 (1.38%) SunGard Martini
8 5 (0.69%) BusinessWorks
8 5 (0.69%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.69%) Oracle ERP
8 5 (0.69%) Summit
9 4 (0.55%) Dynamics NAV
9 4 (0.55%) Maximo
9 4 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
9 4 (0.55%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 3 (0.41%) Oracle iSupplier
10 3 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 116 (16.00%) Azure
2 89 (12.28%) AWS
3 49 (6.76%) Power Platform
4 44 (6.07%) GitHub
5 24 (3.31%) PowerApps
6 22 (3.03%) Logic Apps
7 20 (2.76%) OpenShift
8 17 (2.34%) Boomi
8 17 (2.34%) Dynamics 365
9 16 (2.21%) Apigee
10 12 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (1.66%) Office 365
10 12 (1.66%) SaaS
10 12 (1.66%) Serverless
11 10 (1.38%) Amazon S3
11 10 (1.38%) PaaS
12 9 (1.24%) Power Automate
13 8 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
13 8 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 76 (10.48%) HTTP
2 27 (3.72%) TCP/IP
3 12 (1.66%) SSL
4 8 (1.10%) DNS
4 8 (1.10%) Internet
5 7 (0.97%) FTP
6 6 (0.83%) 3GPP
6 6 (0.83%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.83%) SGSN
6 6 (0.83%) SMTP
6 6 (0.83%) Software-Defined Networking
6 6 (0.83%) SSH
7 5 (0.69%) Intranet
7 5 (0.69%) PuTTY
7 5 (0.69%) WinSCP
8 4 (0.55%) AMQP
8 4 (0.55%) Firewall
8 4 (0.55%) LAN
8 4 (0.55%) NAS
9 3 (0.41%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (17.10%) SQL Server
2 85 (11.72%) MySQL
3 60 (8.28%) Relational Database
4 55 (7.59%) MongoDB
5 44 (6.07%) NoSQL
6 41 (5.66%) Oracle Database
6 41 (5.66%) Oracle Reports
7 36 (4.97%) Data Warehouse
8 33 (4.55%) Power BI
9 32 (4.41%) Oracle BI Publisher
10 28 (3.86%) Hadoop
10 28 (3.86%) Oracle Discoverer
10 28 (3.86%) SQLPlus
11 27 (3.72%) PostgreSQL
12 24 (3.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 22 (3.03%) Apache Hive
14 20 (2.76%) Azure SQL Database
15 16 (2.21%) Oracle Database 12c
15 16 (2.21%) Parquet
15 16 (2.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 146 (20.14%) JIRA
2 115 (15.86%) Git (software)
3 102 (14.07%) Jenkins
4 79 (10.90%) JUnit
5 68 (9.38%) Cucumber
6 60 (8.28%) Selenium
7 57 (7.86%) Subversion
8 56 (7.72%) Maven
9 44 (6.07%) Visual Studio
10 42 (5.79%) SoapUI
11 36 (4.97%) Gradle
12 35 (4.83%) Postman
13 33 (4.55%) JMeter
13 33 (4.55%) Oracle Forms
13 33 (4.55%) Toad
14 30 (4.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 26 (3.59%) Mockito
16 22 (3.03%) FishEye
17 21 (2.90%) Ant
17 21 (2.90%) SonarQube
General
1 132 (18.21%) Finance
2 109 (15.03%) Public Sector
3 70 (9.66%) Banking
4 42 (5.79%) Telecoms
5 39 (5.38%) Investment Banking
6 33 (4.55%) Manufacturing
7 32 (4.41%) Marketing
8 28 (3.86%) Electronics
9 16 (2.21%) Front Office
9 16 (2.21%) Retail
10 11 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
11 10 (1.38%) Advertising
12 9 (1.24%) Back Office
13 6 (0.83%) Law
14 5 (0.69%) Local Government
15 3 (0.41%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.41%) Automotive
15 3 (0.41%) French Language
15 3 (0.41%) Games
16 2 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 305 (42.07%) Developer
2 101 (13.93%) Java Developer
3 89 (12.28%) Analyst
4 83 (11.45%) Architect
5 51 (7.03%) Senior Developer
6 49 (6.76%) Integration Developer
7 44 (6.07%) Consultant
8 43 (5.93%) Test Analyst
9 39 (5.38%) Senior Java Developer
10 29 (4.00%) Senior Integration Developer
11 28 (3.86%) ServiceNow Developer
12 27 (3.72%) Business Analyst
13 25 (3.45%) Software Engineer
14 24 (3.31%) Solutions Architect
15 23 (3.17%) Data Engineer
15 23 (3.17%) Tester
16 21 (2.90%) .NET Developer
17 18 (2.48%) DevOps Engineer
18 17 (2.34%) Automation Tester
18 17 (2.34%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 317 (43.72%) JSON
2 218 (30.07%) Web Services
3 166 (22.90%) SOAP
4 157 (21.66%) HTML
5 142 (19.59%) REST
6 132 (18.21%) .NET
7 115 (15.86%) RESTful
8 113 (15.59%) CSS
8 113 (15.59%) Spring
9 111 (15.31%) XSLT
10 76 (10.48%) Middleware
11 62 (8.55%) Apache Camel
12 60 (8.28%) J2EE
13 51 (7.03%) Spring Boot
14 48 (6.62%) HTML5
15 44 (6.07%) XSD
16 43 (5.93%) ASP.NET
17 42 (5.79%) RabbitMQ
18 39 (5.38%) JMS
18 39 (5.38%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 53 (7.31%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
3 30 (4.14%) Fixed Income
4 25 (3.45%) User Experience
5 24 (3.31%) Mobile App
6 21 (2.90%) Data Structures
7 19 (2.62%) Equities
8 18 (2.48%) Derivative
9 15 (2.07%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.93%) Management Information System
11 13 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
12 12 (1.66%) Mobile Payment
13 10 (1.38%) Cloud Native
14 9 (1.24%) Data Centre
15 8 (1.10%) Algorithms
16 7 (0.97%) Credit Risk
16 7 (0.97%) Private Cloud
16 7 (0.97%) W3C
17 6 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 6 (0.83%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 127 (17.52%) Unix
2 104 (14.34%) Linux
3 102 (14.07%) Windows
4 20 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 19 (2.62%) Android
6 8 (1.10%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.10%) OpenVMS
6 8 (1.10%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.97%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.97%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.55%) CentOS
9 3 (0.41%) AIX
9 3 (0.41%) Debian
10 1 (0.14%) Solaris
10 1 (0.14%) SUSE
10 1 (0.14%) Tizen
10 1 (0.14%) VME
10 1 (0.14%) webOS
10 1 (0.14%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 308 (42.48%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (18.76%) Test Automation
3 135 (18.62%) Microservices
4 122 (16.83%) TDD
5 108 (14.90%) Business Intelligence
6 106 (14.62%) Continuous Integration
7 93 (12.83%) SOA
8 82 (11.31%) DevOps
9 81 (11.17%) Data Modelling
10 77 (10.62%) Scrum
11 75 (10.34%) Unit Testing
12 73 (10.07%) SDLC
13 71 (9.79%) Continuous Delivery
13 71 (9.79%) Test Scripting
14 70 (9.66%) BDD
15 60 (8.28%) Migration
16 57 (7.86%) OO
17 55 (7.59%) Problem-Solving
18 54 (7.45%) Waterfall
19 52 (7.17%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 323 (44.55%) SQL
2 318 (43.86%) Java
3 185 (25.52%) JavaScript
4 100 (13.79%) C#
5 89 (12.28%) PL/SQL
6 82 (11.31%) Python
7 45 (6.21%) C++
7 45 (6.21%) XPath
8 43 (5.93%) PowerShell
9 39 (5.38%) T-SQL
10 31 (4.28%) Scala
11 21 (2.90%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.62%) C
12 19 (2.62%) Kotlin
12 19 (2.62%) VB.NET
13 18 (2.48%) Perl
13 18 (2.48%) Ruby
14 15 (2.07%) Java 8
15 14 (1.93%) Bash Shell
16 12 (1.66%) VBA
Qualifications
1 87 (12.00%) Security Cleared
2 75 (10.34%) SC Cleared
3 47 (6.48%) ISEB
4 46 (6.34%) ISTQB
5 41 (5.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 40 (5.52%) Degree
7 23 (3.17%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.83%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.83%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.55%) ISEB Practitioner
10 4 (0.55%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.55%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.28%) VCP6
11 2 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.14%) CCNA
12 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.14%) CISSP
12 1 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (8.55%) QA
2 6 (0.83%) OASIS TOSCA
2 6 (0.83%) SLA
3 5 (0.69%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.69%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 4 (0.55%) WCAG
5 3 (0.41%) GDPR
5 3 (0.41%) GxP
5 3 (0.41%) HL7
5 3 (0.41%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.28%) MiFID
6 2 (0.28%) NCSC
6 2 (0.28%) NIST
7 1 (0.14%) CDISC
7 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 63 (8.69%) Docker
2 18 (2.48%) HDFS
3 13 (1.79%) Active Directory
4 12 (1.66%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (1.24%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.83%) KVM
6 6 (0.83%) LXC
6 6 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
7 4 (0.55%) NDS
7 4 (0.55%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 3 (0.41%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.28%) Firmware
9 2 (0.28%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.28%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 58 (8.00%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.76%) Grafana
2 20 (2.76%) HP Quality Center
3 16 (2.21%) Ansible
3 16 (2.21%) Puppet
4 13 (1.79%) Prometheus
5 11 (1.52%) Terraform
6 8 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
6 8 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
7 7 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.83%) Cloudify
8 6 (0.83%) Juju
8 6 (0.83%) Rancher
9 5 (0.69%) Control-M
10 4 (0.55%) Data Guard
10 4 (0.55%) Kibana
10 4 (0.55%) Mesos
10 4 (0.55%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 3 (0.41%) Oozie
11 3 (0.41%) Salt
Vendors
1 233 (32.14%) Oracle
2 94 (12.97%) Microsoft
3 78 (10.76%) SAP
4 44 (6.07%) webMethods
5 40 (5.52%) Red Hat
6 37 (5.10%) Atlassian
7 35 (4.83%) MuleSoft
8 34 (4.69%) ServiceNow
9 29 (4.00%) Sybase
10 28 (3.86%) TIBCO
11 24 (3.31%) Salesforce.com
12 19 (2.62%) Dell
13 17 (2.34%) Axway
13 17 (2.34%) IBM
13 17 (2.34%) Murex
13 17 (2.34%) Talend
14 16 (2.21%) Google
14 16 (2.21%) WSO2
15 11 (1.52%) Pega
15 11 (1.52%) Sparx