Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 282 252 242
Rank change year-on-year -30 -10 -20
Contract jobs citing Internet 444 423 973
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.91% 1.08% 1.18%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.95% 8.16% 9.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 300 243 525
10th Percentile £245 £163 £200
25th Percentile £363 £331 £338
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £437 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year -2.88% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £530 £550 £545
90th Percentile £631 £624 £650
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 29 79
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.89 "
25th Percentile £12.25 £13.50 £12.00
Median hourly rate £13.74 £16.00 £12.50
Median % change year-on-year -14.16% +28.00% -13.55%
75th Percentile £22.66 £19.75 £17.50
90th Percentile £39.38 £34.60 £24.53
UK median hourly rate £13.24 £16.50 £12.60
% change year-on-year -19.79% +30.95% -12.86%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 5,586 5,181 10,490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.39% 13.28% 12.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,610 3,228 6,625
10th Percentile £235 £200 £209
25th Percentile £350 £322 £330
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £430 £435
Median % change year-on-year +4.65% -1.15% +2.35%
75th Percentile £538 £538 £538
90th Percentile £638 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £429
% change year-on-year +5.88% -0.93% +0.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 267 238 466
10th Percentile £12.24 £13.47 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £15.75 £14.53
Median hourly rate £23.50 £20.50 £19.57
Median % change year-on-year +14.63% +4.75% +0.36%
75th Percentile £50.00 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £62.00 £51.98 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.75 £20.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +18.75% +6.16%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Daily rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -77 207 £475 - 87
South East -28 63 £437 -2.88% 63
South West +58 59 £400 - 50
North of England +42 58 £424 +5.98% 74
North West +21 30 £400 +5.26% 45
Midlands -22 23 £419 +27.38% 52
Yorkshire +14 16 £425 -5.56% 21
West Midlands -24 15 £438 +27.74% 31
East of England -14 14 £350 -12.50% 23
North East +26 12 £255 - 8
East Midlands +5 7 £388 +98.72% 21
Internet
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Internet.

1 109 (24.55%) Social Skills
2 104 (23.42%) Microsoft
3 94 (21.17%) Firewall
3 94 (21.17%) Azure
4 93 (20.95%) Agile Software Development
4 93 (20.95%) Windows
5 85 (19.14%) Cisco
6 82 (18.47%) WAN
6 82 (18.47%) Finance
7 79 (17.79%) Telecoms
8 73 (16.44%) AWS
8 73 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
9 63 (14.19%) Active Directory
10 58 (13.06%) Security Cleared
11 57 (12.84%) DNS
11 57 (12.84%) Python
12 55 (12.39%) LAN
13 52 (11.71%) JavaScript
14 51 (11.49%) SC Cleared
14 51 (11.49%) Microsoft 365
15 48 (10.81%) VPN
16 44 (9.91%) Wireless
17 43 (9.68%) HTML
18 41 (9.23%) Linux
18 41 (9.23%) Analytical Skills
19 40 (9.01%) Cybersecurity
19 40 (9.01%) CSS
19 40 (9.01%) TCP/IP
20 38 (8.56%) Microsoft Office
21 36 (8.11%) Cisco Certification

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (6.08%) SharePoint
2 13 (2.93%) IIS
3 11 (2.48%) Skype for Business
4 10 (2.25%) MS Exchange
5 9 (2.03%) CMS
5 9 (2.03%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.03%) WordPress
6 8 (1.80%) Apache
6 8 (1.80%) Confluence
7 7 (1.58%) OpenStack
8 5 (1.13%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 4 (0.90%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.68%) Apache Spark
10 3 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 2 (0.45%) Exchange Server 2010
11 2 (0.45%) MTS
12 1 (0.23%) CICS
12 1 (0.23%) JBoss
12 1 (0.23%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 38 (8.56%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (3.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (2.48%) MS Visio
4 7 (1.58%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 7 (1.58%) InVision
4 7 (1.58%) Sketch
5 6 (1.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.90%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.23%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.23%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 13 (2.93%) Magento
2 4 (0.90%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.45%) Finacle
3 2 (0.45%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.23%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.23%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 94 (21.17%) Azure
2 73 (16.44%) AWS
3 51 (11.49%) Microsoft 365
4 30 (6.76%) PaaS
5 26 (5.86%) SaaS
6 22 (4.95%) IaaS
7 18 (4.05%) Serverless
8 15 (3.38%) AWS Lambda
9 12 (2.70%) GCP
10 11 (2.48%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (2.48%) Cloud Computing
11 9 (2.03%) GitHub
12 8 (1.80%) Amazon S3
13 7 (1.58%) Amazon EKS
14 6 (1.35%) Azure Active Directory
15 5 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 5 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
15 5 (1.13%) Route 53
16 4 (0.90%) CloudFront
16 4 (0.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 94 (21.17%) Firewall
2 82 (18.47%) WAN
3 57 (12.84%) DNS
4 55 (12.39%) LAN
5 48 (10.81%) VPN
6 44 (9.91%) Wireless
7 40 (9.01%) TCP/IP
8 32 (7.21%) VoIP
9 31 (6.98%) Intranet
9 31 (6.98%) MPLS
9 31 (6.98%) Network Security
10 25 (5.63%) DHCP
11 23 (5.18%) SD-WAN
12 22 (4.95%) Wi-Fi
13 20 (4.50%) BGP
13 20 (4.50%) Unified Communications
14 19 (4.28%) Ethernet
15 18 (4.05%) OSPF
16 17 (3.83%) HTTP
16 17 (3.83%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (6.53%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.80%) Oracle Database
3 7 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
4 6 (1.35%) MySQL
4 6 (1.35%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (1.35%) Redis
5 5 (1.13%) Big Data
6 4 (0.90%) NoSQL
6 4 (0.90%) QGIS
6 4 (0.90%) Relational Database
6 4 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 4 (0.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 3 (0.68%) Hadoop
7 3 (0.68%) MongoDB
7 3 (0.68%) Power BI
8 2 (0.45%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (0.45%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.45%) Jackrabbit
9 1 (0.23%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 33 (7.43%) Git (software)
2 30 (6.76%) JIRA
3 13 (2.93%) Team Foundation Server
4 12 (2.70%) Cypress.io
5 10 (2.25%) Jenkins
6 9 (2.03%) Subversion
6 9 (2.03%) webpack
7 7 (1.58%) Bitbucket
7 7 (1.58%) Grunt
7 7 (1.58%) gulp
7 7 (1.58%) JUnit
7 7 (1.58%) Visual Studio
8 6 (1.35%) Cucumber
8 6 (1.35%) Gatling
8 6 (1.35%) IntelliJ
8 6 (1.35%) LoadRunner
8 6 (1.35%) PyCharm
8 6 (1.35%) Visual Studio Code
9 3 (0.68%) Storybook
9 3 (0.68%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 109 (24.55%) Social Skills
2 82 (18.47%) Finance
3 79 (17.79%) Telecoms
4 41 (9.23%) Analytical Skills
5 26 (5.86%) Banking
6 20 (4.50%) Public Sector
7 19 (4.28%) Presentation Skills
8 18 (4.05%) Marketing
9 12 (2.70%) Organisational Skills
10 9 (2.03%) Manufacturing
11 8 (1.80%) Retail
12 7 (1.58%) Influencing Skills
13 5 (1.13%) Advertising
13 5 (1.13%) Legal
13 5 (1.13%) Local Government
13 5 (1.13%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.90%) Documentation Skills
15 3 (0.68%) Electronics
15 3 (0.68%) Publishing
15 3 (0.68%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 79 (17.79%) Developer
2 44 (9.91%) Architect
3 43 (9.68%) Analyst
4 38 (8.56%) Network Engineer
5 26 (5.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 22 (4.95%) Senior Developer
7 20 (4.50%) Security Engineer
8 16 (3.60%) Consultant
8 16 (3.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 13 (2.93%) Solutions Architect
10 12 (2.70%) Cloud Engineer
10 12 (2.70%) Security Architect
10 12 (2.70%) Senior Analyst
11 11 (2.48%) Business Analyst
11 11 (2.48%) Support Engineer
12 10 (2.25%) Administrator
13 9 (2.03%) Project Manager
13 9 (2.03%) Software Engineer
13 9 (2.03%) Voice Engineer
14 8 (1.80%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (9.68%) HTML
2 40 (9.01%) CSS
3 26 (5.86%) Web Services
4 23 (5.18%) JSON
5 21 (4.73%) HTML5
5 21 (4.73%) Node.js
6 19 (4.28%) AngularJS
7 18 (4.05%) Ajax
7 18 (4.05%) React
7 18 (4.05%) RESTful
8 15 (3.38%) REST
9 14 (3.15%) CSS3
10 13 (2.93%) .NET
10 13 (2.93%) CakePHP
10 13 (2.93%) Redux
11 11 (2.48%) Elastic Stack
11 11 (2.48%) Kafka
11 11 (2.48%) SOAP
12 10 (2.25%) jQuery
12 10 (2.25%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 35 (7.88%) Internet of Things
1 35 (7.88%) User Experience
2 33 (7.43%) Data Centre
2 33 (7.43%) Self-Motivation
3 30 (6.76%) Management Information System
4 25 (5.63%) Public Cloud
5 15 (3.38%) PKI
6 14 (3.15%) Video Conferencing
7 10 (2.25%) Virtual Team
8 9 (2.03%) Hybrid Cloud
8 9 (2.03%) Online Banking
8 9 (2.03%) RIA
8 9 (2.03%) Tandem
9 8 (1.80%) iPad
9 8 (1.80%) iPhone
10 7 (1.58%) Mobile App
10 7 (1.58%) Security Operations Centre
11 6 (1.35%) Algorithms
11 6 (1.35%) Private Cloud
11 6 (1.35%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 93 (20.95%) Windows
2 41 (9.23%) Linux
3 26 (5.86%) Unix
4 19 (4.28%) Apple iOS
5 18 (4.05%) Android
5 18 (4.05%) Windows 10
5 18 (4.05%) Windows Server
6 9 (2.03%) Mac OS X
7 8 (1.80%) Windows 7
8 7 (1.58%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (1.58%) Windows Server 2019
9 6 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.90%) Solaris
12 2 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.45%) Windows XP
12 2 (0.45%) zOS
13 1 (0.23%) OS/400
13 1 (0.23%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 93 (20.95%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
3 40 (9.01%) Cybersecurity
4 35 (7.88%) DevOps
4 35 (7.88%) Project Management
5 33 (7.43%) Continuous Improvement
6 29 (6.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 28 (6.31%) Migration
8 27 (6.08%) ITIL
8 27 (6.08%) SIEM
9 26 (5.86%) Change Management
10 25 (5.63%) Front End Development
10 25 (5.63%) TDD
11 24 (5.41%) Capacity Planning
11 24 (5.41%) Project Delivery
11 24 (5.41%) Test Automation
12 22 (4.95%) E-Commerce
12 22 (4.95%) Scrum
12 22 (4.95%) Security Architecture
13 20 (4.50%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 57 (12.84%) Python
2 52 (11.71%) JavaScript
3 34 (7.66%) PowerShell
4 30 (6.76%) Java
5 24 (5.41%) SQL
6 19 (4.28%) C
7 16 (3.60%) ES6
7 16 (3.60%) PHP
8 14 (3.15%) Bash Shell
9 13 (2.93%) ES7
10 11 (2.48%) TypeScript
11 10 (2.25%) C++
12 9 (2.03%) Perl
12 9 (2.03%) Ruby
13 8 (1.80%) Kotlin
14 7 (1.58%) Go
15 5 (1.13%) C#
15 5 (1.13%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.90%) Apple Swift
16 4 (0.90%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 58 (13.06%) Security Cleared
2 51 (11.49%) SC Cleared
3 36 (8.11%) Cisco Certification
4 35 (7.88%) Degree
5 27 (6.08%) CCNP
6 18 (4.05%) CCNA
7 10 (2.25%) ISEB
8 8 (1.80%) CISSP
8 8 (1.80%) DV Cleared
9 7 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (1.58%) CCDP
9 7 (1.58%) CREST Certified
10 6 (1.35%) CCIE
10 6 (1.35%) CISA
10 6 (1.35%) CISM
10 6 (1.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (1.13%) JNCIP
12 4 (0.90%) GCFA
12 4 (0.90%) GCIH
12 4 (0.90%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (4.95%) SLA
2 17 (3.83%) QA
3 15 (3.38%) NIST
4 11 (2.48%) GDPR
4 11 (2.48%) PCI DSS
5 9 (2.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (2.03%) NCSC
6 8 (1.80%) Accessibility
7 7 (1.58%) PMO
8 6 (1.35%) HIPAA
9 5 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (0.90%) ISO 20022
10 4 (0.90%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.90%) PSD2
10 4 (0.90%) TARGET2
11 3 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.45%) Government Security Classifications
12 2 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 2 (0.45%) SEPA
System Software
1 63 (14.19%) Active Directory
2 27 (6.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (4.28%) Docker
4 15 (3.38%) Hyper-V
5 12 (2.70%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (1.13%) BitLocker
7 4 (0.90%) ProxySG
7 4 (0.90%) Snort
8 3 (0.68%) vSphere
8 3 (0.68%) XenApp
9 2 (0.45%) NFS
9 2 (0.45%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.45%) VMware Workstation
9 2 (0.45%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.23%) Firmware
10 1 (0.23%) Kamailio
10 1 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.23%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.23%) Tivoli Directory Server
10 1 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 18 (4.05%) Terraform
2 16 (3.60%) Ansible
3 15 (3.38%) Kubernetes
4 10 (2.25%) Cisco CUCM
5 8 (1.80%) Kibana
6 7 (1.58%) Microsoft Intune
6 7 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.58%) Puppet
7 6 (1.35%) Consul
7 6 (1.35%) HP ALM
7 6 (1.35%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (1.35%) logstash
7 6 (1.35%) SCCM
8 5 (1.13%) EnCase
8 5 (1.13%) FortiGate
8 5 (1.13%) FTK
8 5 (1.13%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.90%) Control-M
9 4 (0.90%) Norton AntiVirus
9 4 (0.90%) Suricata
Vendors
1 104 (23.42%) Microsoft
2 85 (19.14%) Cisco
3 35 (7.88%) VMware
4 21 (4.73%) CheckPoint
5 19 (4.28%) Citrix
6 17 (3.83%) Fortinet
7 16 (3.60%) Google
7 16 (3.60%) Meraki
8 15 (3.38%) Adobe
8 15 (3.38%) Juniper
8 15 (3.38%) Oracle
9 14 (3.15%) Palo Alto
10 11 (2.48%) HP
11 9 (2.03%) Red Hat
11 9 (2.03%) Sonus
11 9 (2.03%) Splunk
12 8 (1.80%) F5
13 7 (1.58%) LogRhythm
13 7 (1.58%) Openreach
13 7 (1.58%) SolarWinds