Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 269 227 228
Rank change year-on-year -42 +1 -22
Contract jobs citing Internet 377 632 1,140
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.90% 1.18% 1.29%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.90% 8.76% 10.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 359 662
10th Percentile £207 £150 £208
25th Percentile £356 £309 £315
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £430
Median % change year-on-year - +4.65% +7.50%
75th Percentile £526 £550 £525
90th Percentile £594 £590 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 58 90
10th Percentile £9.56 £13.12 "
25th Percentile £12.97 £13.50 £12.00
Median hourly rate £19.00 £19.00 £15.30
Median % change year-on-year - +24.18% +5.81%
75th Percentile £25.00 £34.31 £18.70
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.78 £27.25
UK median hourly rate £19.25 £19.00 £15.15
% change year-on-year +1.32% +25.41% +4.77%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,771 7,216 11,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.43% 13.46% 12.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,071 4,491 7,076
10th Percentile £213 £181 £205
25th Percentile £330 £313 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £430 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +1.18% - -
75th Percentile £525 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £443 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +4.12% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 401 481
10th Percentile £12.95 £13.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.85 £15.25 £14.00
Median hourly rate £25.00 £19.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.21% +8.33% -5.56%
75th Percentile £48.63 £43.75 £40.75
90th Percentile £56.50 £51.75 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £21.00 £18.03
% change year-on-year +26.19% +16.49% -3.60%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Daily rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -46 183 £475 - 132
South East +19 75 £425 +6.12% 58
North of England +28 37 £425 -5.56% 54
South West +68 30 £375 -25.00% 33
Midlands 0 23 £400 +24.03% 49
Yorkshire +30 17 £425 -5.56% 8
North West +3 14 £263 -38.24% 38
West Midlands -14 14 £413 +17.86% 35
East of England -17 14 £400 - 12
East Midlands +28 8 £388 +98.72% 14
North East +33 6 £345 +187.50% 8
Internet
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Internet.

1 111 (29.44%) Firewall
2 97 (25.73%) Cisco
3 86 (22.81%) WAN
4 84 (22.28%) Agile Software Development
5 82 (21.75%) Windows
6 80 (21.22%) Microsoft
7 75 (19.89%) Azure
8 67 (17.77%) Security Cleared
9 65 (17.24%) Finance
10 63 (16.71%) VPN
11 62 (16.45%) Active Directory
12 60 (15.92%) DNS
13 58 (15.38%) SC Cleared
14 53 (14.06%) LAN
15 52 (13.79%) Telecoms
15 52 (13.79%) AWS
16 48 (12.73%) Microsoft 365
17 47 (12.47%) TCP/IP
18 46 (12.20%) Network Security
19 45 (11.94%) SIEM
20 44 (11.67%) Wireless
21 41 (10.88%) Cybersecurity
22 40 (10.61%) Linux
22 40 (10.61%) Python
23 39 (10.34%) Intranet
24 37 (9.81%) Problem-Solving
25 36 (9.55%) Data Centre
26 35 (9.28%) Cisco Certification
27 34 (9.02%) Microsoft Office
27 34 (9.02%) Internet of Things

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (5.04%) SharePoint
2 12 (3.18%) Skype for Business
3 10 (2.65%) IIS
4 9 (2.39%) MS Exchange
5 8 (2.12%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.86%) OpenStack
7 5 (1.33%) Apache
8 4 (1.06%) ArcGIS
8 4 (1.06%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 4 (1.06%) CMS
8 4 (1.06%) Confluence
9 3 (0.80%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.53%) MTS
10 2 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 1 (0.27%) CICS
11 1 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2003
11 1 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 1 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
11 1 (0.27%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 34 (9.02%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (4.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (3.18%) MS Visio
4 6 (1.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.33%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.53%) Acrobat
6 2 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.27%) Adobe Captivate
7 1 (0.27%) ScreenFlow
Business Applications
1 3 (0.80%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.53%) Finacle
2 2 (0.53%) Infor M3
2 2 (0.53%) SAP CRM
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 75 (19.89%) Azure
2 52 (13.79%) AWS
3 48 (12.73%) Microsoft 365
4 33 (8.75%) PaaS
5 26 (6.90%) SaaS
6 23 (6.10%) IaaS
7 14 (3.71%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (2.65%) GCP
10 7 (1.86%) Serverless
11 5 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (1.06%) Power Platform
13 3 (0.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 3 (0.80%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.80%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 3 (0.80%) GitHub
13 3 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 2 (0.53%) Akamai
14 2 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
14 2 (0.53%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 111 (29.44%) Firewall
2 86 (22.81%) WAN
3 63 (16.71%) VPN
4 60 (15.92%) DNS
5 53 (14.06%) LAN
6 47 (12.47%) TCP/IP
7 46 (12.20%) Network Security
8 44 (11.67%) Wireless
9 39 (10.34%) Intranet
10 32 (8.49%) VoIP
11 29 (7.69%) DHCP
12 28 (7.43%) MPLS
13 24 (6.37%) SD-WAN
14 20 (5.31%) DMZ
15 19 (5.04%) Unified Communications
16 18 (4.77%) 4G
16 18 (4.77%) 5G
16 18 (4.77%) BGP
16 18 (4.77%) Ethernet
16 18 (4.77%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (3.18%) SQL Server
2 8 (2.12%) PostgreSQL
3 7 (1.86%) Big Data
4 5 (1.33%) NoSQL
5 3 (0.80%) Amazon RDS
5 3 (0.80%) MongoDB
5 3 (0.80%) Oracle Database
6 2 (0.53%) BigQuery
6 2 (0.53%) GIS
6 2 (0.53%) MySQL
6 2 (0.53%) Power BI
6 2 (0.53%) PowerCenter
6 2 (0.53%) Presto
6 2 (0.53%) Redis
6 2 (0.53%) Relational Database
6 2 (0.53%) SQL Server 2019
7 1 (0.27%) Data Mining
7 1 (0.27%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (0.27%) Oracle8/8i Database
7 1 (0.27%) Spatial Data
Development Applications
1 16 (4.24%) Git (software)
2 15 (3.98%) JIRA
3 8 (2.12%) Cypress.io
4 7 (1.86%) JUnit
4 7 (1.86%) Team Foundation Server
4 7 (1.86%) Visual Studio
4 7 (1.86%) webpack
5 6 (1.59%) Gatling
5 6 (1.59%) IntelliJ
5 6 (1.59%) LoadRunner
5 6 (1.59%) PyCharm
5 6 (1.59%) Visual Studio Code
6 3 (0.80%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 2 (0.53%) Cucumber
7 2 (0.53%) fastlane
7 2 (0.53%) Jenkins
8 1 (0.27%) GCC
8 1 (0.27%) GDB
8 1 (0.27%) NWDI
8 1 (0.27%) NWDS
General
1 65 (17.24%) Finance
2 52 (13.79%) Telecoms
3 19 (5.04%) Banking
3 19 (5.04%) Public Sector
4 10 (2.65%) Manufacturing
5 7 (1.86%) Marketing
5 7 (1.86%) Retail
6 6 (1.59%) Legal
7 5 (1.33%) Advertising
7 5 (1.33%) Local Government
8 3 (0.80%) Electronics
9 2 (0.53%) Digital Economy
9 2 (0.53%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.27%) Back Office
10 1 (0.27%) Environmental Health
10 1 (0.27%) Front Office
10 1 (0.27%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.27%) Law
10 1 (0.27%) Social Housing
10 1 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 50 (13.26%) Analyst
2 45 (11.94%) Architect
3 42 (11.14%) Developer
4 33 (8.75%) Network Engineer
5 17 (4.51%) Security Engineer
6 15 (3.98%) Consultant
7 14 (3.71%) Cloud Engineer
7 14 (3.71%) Senior Analyst
8 13 (3.45%) Solutions Architect
8 13 (3.45%) Support Engineer
9 12 (3.18%) Security Specialist
10 11 (2.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 11 (2.92%) Project Manager
11 10 (2.65%) Java Developer
12 9 (2.39%) Administrator
12 9 (2.39%) Azure Specialist
12 9 (2.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 9 (2.39%) Junior
12 9 (2.39%) Security Architect
12 9 (2.39%) Voice Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (4.24%) HTML
1 16 (4.24%) JSON
2 15 (3.98%) CSS
2 15 (3.98%) Kafka
2 15 (3.98%) React
2 15 (3.98%) REST
3 14 (3.71%) Web Services
4 13 (3.45%) RESTful
5 12 (3.18%) Elastic Stack
6 11 (2.92%) Node.js
7 10 (2.65%) SOAP
7 10 (2.65%) Spring
8 9 (2.39%) HTML5
9 8 (2.12%) AngularJS
9 8 (2.12%) XML
10 7 (1.86%) CSS3
10 7 (1.86%) RabbitMQ
10 7 (1.86%) Redux
10 7 (1.86%) Vue.js
11 6 (1.59%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 36 (9.55%) Data Centre
2 34 (9.02%) Internet of Things
2 34 (9.02%) Self-Motivation
3 29 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
4 26 (6.90%) Management Information System
5 25 (6.63%) Public Cloud
6 24 (6.37%) User Experience
7 21 (5.57%) Security Operations Centre
8 18 (4.77%) PKI
9 14 (3.71%) Video Conferencing
10 11 (2.92%) Hybrid Cloud
11 10 (2.65%) Online Banking
12 9 (2.39%) Tandem
13 8 (2.12%) NHS
13 8 (2.12%) Virtual Team
14 7 (1.86%) CESG
15 6 (1.59%) Client/Server
15 6 (1.59%) Cyberthreat
15 6 (1.59%) Mobile App
15 6 (1.59%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 82 (21.75%) Windows
2 40 (10.61%) Linux
3 25 (6.63%) Unix
4 17 (4.51%) Windows 10
5 15 (3.98%) Windows Server
6 11 (2.92%) Android
7 10 (2.65%) Windows 7
8 8 (2.12%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (1.86%) Apple iOS
10 6 (1.59%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (1.59%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (1.33%) Solaris
12 4 (1.06%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.80%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
14 2 (0.53%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.53%) Windows 2000
14 2 (0.53%) Windows 8
14 2 (0.53%) Windows XP
15 1 (0.27%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (22.28%) Agile Software Development
2 45 (11.94%) SIEM
3 41 (10.88%) Cybersecurity
4 37 (9.81%) Problem-Solving
5 29 (7.69%) Project Management
6 28 (7.43%) ITIL
7 26 (6.90%) DevOps
7 26 (6.90%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 25 (6.63%) Change Management
8 25 (6.63%) Migration
8 25 (6.63%) Security Operations
9 24 (6.37%) Continuous Improvement
10 22 (5.84%) Capacity Planning
11 21 (5.57%) Project Delivery
11 21 (5.57%) Security Architecture
12 18 (4.77%) OWASP
12 18 (4.77%) Risk Management
13 17 (4.51%) Microservices
14 16 (4.24%) SDLC
14 16 (4.24%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 40 (10.61%) Python
2 29 (7.69%) JavaScript
3 28 (7.43%) PowerShell
4 20 (5.31%) Java
5 15 (3.98%) C
6 14 (3.71%) SQL
7 13 (3.45%) Bash Shell
8 10 (2.65%) C++
8 10 (2.65%) Ruby
9 9 (2.39%) Perl
10 8 (2.12%) Java 8
11 6 (1.59%) C#
11 6 (1.59%) Go
12 4 (1.06%) PHP
13 3 (0.80%) TypeScript
14 2 (0.53%) Apple Swift
14 2 (0.53%) ES6
14 2 (0.53%) PL/SQL
14 2 (0.53%) VBA
15 1 (0.27%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 67 (17.77%) Security Cleared
2 58 (15.38%) SC Cleared
3 35 (9.28%) Cisco Certification
4 29 (7.69%) Degree
5 22 (5.84%) CCNP
6 18 (4.77%) CCNA
7 11 (2.92%) CISSP
8 10 (2.65%) CCDP
9 9 (2.39%) ISEB
10 7 (1.86%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (1.86%) CISA
10 7 (1.86%) CISM
10 7 (1.86%) CREST Certified
11 6 (1.59%) BC Cleared
11 6 (1.59%) CCIE
11 6 (1.59%) DV Cleared
11 6 (1.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 6 (1.59%) MCSE
11 6 (1.59%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (1.33%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (9.02%) NIST
2 26 (6.90%) NCSC
3 18 (4.77%) QA
4 10 (2.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (2.65%) SLA
5 9 (2.39%) GDPR
6 7 (1.86%) PCI DSS
7 6 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (1.33%) HIPAA
9 4 (1.06%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.80%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.80%) PSD2
10 3 (0.80%) TARGET2
11 2 (0.53%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.53%) Government Security Classifications
11 2 (0.53%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.53%) PMO
11 2 (0.53%) SEPA
12 1 (0.27%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 62 (16.45%) Active Directory
2 17 (4.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (4.24%) Docker
4 12 (3.18%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (2.39%) Hyper-V
6 5 (1.33%) BitLocker
7 4 (1.06%) ProxySG
7 4 (1.06%) Snort
7 4 (1.06%) XenApp
8 3 (0.80%) vSphere
9 2 (0.53%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.53%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.27%) Ceph
10 1 (0.27%) Kamailio
10 1 (0.27%) LXC
10 1 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.27%) Tivoli Directory Server
Systems Management
1 18 (4.77%) Ansible
2 17 (4.51%) Terraform
3 16 (4.24%) Kubernetes
4 9 (2.39%) Cisco CUCM
5 8 (2.12%) Puppet
5 8 (2.12%) SCCM
6 7 (1.86%) Kibana
6 7 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (1.59%) Consul
7 6 (1.59%) HP ALM
7 6 (1.59%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (1.59%) logstash
8 5 (1.33%) EnCase
8 5 (1.33%) FTK
9 4 (1.06%) Norton AntiVirus
9 4 (1.06%) Suricata
9 4 (1.06%) Trend Micro Deep Security
10 3 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.53%) Cisco Prime
11 2 (0.53%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 97 (25.73%) Cisco
2 80 (21.22%) Microsoft
3 31 (8.22%) Fortinet
4 28 (7.43%) VMware
5 26 (6.90%) Palo Alto
6 23 (6.10%) Splunk
7 21 (5.57%) CheckPoint
7 21 (5.57%) LogRhythm
8 17 (4.51%) Google
9 14 (3.71%) Juniper
9 14 (3.71%) Meraki
10 13 (3.45%) Citrix
11 11 (2.92%) HP
12 10 (2.65%) Adobe
13 9 (2.39%) Sonus
14 8 (2.12%) EMC
15 7 (1.86%) Avaya
15 7 (1.86%) F5
15 7 (1.86%) Oracle
15 7 (1.86%) Red Hat