Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Internet
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 307 263 217
Rank change year-on-year -44 -46 +5
Contract jobs citing Internet 565 244 1,008
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.84% 0.92% 1.30%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 7.42% 6.84% 9.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 392 179 582
10th Percentile £253 £218 £200
25th Percentile £363 £357 £320
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
75th Percentile £581 £561 £545
90th Percentile £663 £638 £650
UK median daily rate £469 £465 £450
% change year-on-year +0.81% +3.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 13 58
10th Percentile " £13.38 £12.00
25th Percentile £12.25 £17.00 £12.75
Median hourly rate £15.00 £21.29 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year -29.53% +29.00% +7.84%
75th Percentile £22.25 £30.00 £27.75
90th Percentile £35.00 £37.05 £82.50
UK median hourly rate £14.50 £20.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year -27.50% +21.21% +7.84%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,618 3,567 10,256
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.35% 13.42% 13.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,954 2,285 6,410
10th Percentile £213 £213 £192
25th Percentile £356 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
75th Percentile £575 £538 £525
90th Percentile £675 £633 £610
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 348 152 488
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.00 £12.75
25th Percentile £13.63 £17.44 £16.00
Median hourly rate £20.51 £30.50 £25.84
Median % change year-on-year -32.75% +18.03% +36.00%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.40 £47.25
90th Percentile £65.00 £54.90 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £31.50 £25.84
% change year-on-year -30.16% +21.90% +37.85%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Daily rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Internet in England.

Hourly rate trend for Internet in England

Internet
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Internet in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Internet in England

Internet
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -84 280 £525 +6.06% 152
South East -50 73 £450 - 67
South West -1 63 £400 -3.21% 39
North of England -43 61 £400 -11.11% 84
North West -29 40 £425 -4.49% 39
Midlands -50 39 £450 +34.33% 63
West Midlands -51 22 £488 +45.52% 40
East of England -45 18 £350 +15.51% 41
East Midlands -24 16 £413 +32.00% 23
North East -4 13 £360 -32.84% 10
Yorkshire -49 9 £360 -12.73% 35
Internet
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Internet.

1 136 (24.07%) Azure
2 132 (23.36%) Agile Software Development
3 123 (21.77%) Social Skills
4 121 (21.42%) Microsoft
5 114 (20.18%) Windows
6 106 (18.76%) AWS
7 100 (17.70%) Finance
8 93 (16.46%) JavaScript
9 82 (14.51%) SQL
9 82 (14.51%) Firewall
10 81 (14.34%) WAN
11 78 (13.81%) Python
12 75 (13.27%) DevOps
13 74 (13.10%) HTML
13 74 (13.10%) Cisco
13 74 (13.10%) Active Directory
14 73 (12.92%) LAN
15 69 (12.21%) Linux
16 68 (12.04%) CSS
17 66 (11.68%) Telecoms
17 66 (11.68%) Problem-Solving
18 60 (10.62%) Data Centre
18 60 (10.62%) Security Cleared
19 59 (10.44%) Microsoft 365
20 57 (10.09%) Migration
20 57 (10.09%) Java
21 53 (9.38%) DNS
21 53 (9.38%) VMware
21 53 (9.38%) Git (software)
22 50 (8.85%) PowerShell

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (7.61%) SharePoint
2 19 (3.36%) IIS
3 18 (3.19%) MS Exchange
4 17 (3.01%) CMS
5 15 (2.65%) Apache
6 14 (2.48%) Skype for Business
7 11 (1.95%) SharePoint Server
8 10 (1.77%) WordPress
9 9 (1.59%) nginx
10 8 (1.42%) SharePoint 2010
10 8 (1.42%) Tomcat
11 6 (1.06%) Confluence
11 6 (1.06%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.71%) Apache Spark
12 4 (0.71%) Elasticsearch
12 4 (0.71%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.53%) IBM HTTP Server
13 3 (0.53%) WebSphere
13 3 (0.53%) WebSphere Application Server
14 2 (0.35%) JBoss
Applications
1 37 (6.55%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (3.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (2.65%) MS Visio
4 8 (1.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (1.42%) InVision
4 8 (1.42%) Sketch
5 7 (1.24%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.35%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 16 (2.83%) Magento
2 7 (1.24%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.53%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.35%) RMDS
4 2 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.18%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.18%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.18%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 136 (24.07%) Azure
2 106 (18.76%) AWS
3 59 (10.44%) Microsoft 365
4 37 (6.55%) SaaS
5 36 (6.37%) PaaS
6 32 (5.66%) IaaS
7 26 (4.60%) Serverless
8 19 (3.36%) Azure Active Directory
9 17 (3.01%) GCP
10 16 (2.83%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (2.65%) GitHub
12 13 (2.30%) AWS CloudFormation
13 9 (1.59%) Adobe Analytics
13 9 (1.59%) Amazon EKS
13 9 (1.59%) Amazon S3
14 8 (1.42%) Azure App Service
14 8 (1.42%) Azure Sentinel
14 8 (1.42%) Azure Storage
14 8 (1.42%) Route 53
15 7 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 82 (14.51%) Firewall
2 81 (14.34%) WAN
3 73 (12.92%) LAN
4 53 (9.38%) DNS
5 49 (8.67%) VPN
6 40 (7.08%) Wireless
7 36 (6.37%) HTTP
8 35 (6.19%) Wi-Fi
9 33 (5.84%) TCP/IP
10 31 (5.49%) Intranet
11 30 (5.31%) MPLS
12 23 (4.07%) SSL
13 21 (3.72%) SAN
13 21 (3.72%) VoIP
14 19 (3.36%) SD-WAN
15 18 (3.19%) BGP
16 16 (2.83%) Network Security
16 16 (2.83%) OSPF
17 15 (2.65%) DHCP
17 15 (2.65%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (6.90%) SQL Server
2 18 (3.19%) MongoDB
2 18 (3.19%) NoSQL
3 15 (2.65%) Oracle Database
3 15 (2.65%) Relational Database
4 11 (1.95%) MySQL
5 9 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
5 9 (1.59%) PostgreSQL
6 7 (1.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 6 (1.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 6 (1.06%) RDBMS
7 6 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 5 (0.88%) Big Data
8 5 (0.88%) Data Lake
8 5 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (0.71%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.71%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.71%) Power BI
9 4 (0.71%) Redis
10 3 (0.53%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 53 (9.38%) Git (software)
2 30 (5.31%) Jenkins
2 30 (5.31%) JIRA
3 13 (2.30%) Bitbucket
4 11 (1.95%) Subversion
4 11 (1.95%) TeamCity
5 8 (1.42%) Grunt
5 8 (1.42%) gulp
6 7 (1.24%) Jasmine
6 7 (1.24%) Karma Test Runner
6 7 (1.24%) SonarQube
6 7 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
7 6 (1.06%) GitLab
8 5 (0.88%) Gradle
8 5 (0.88%) webpack
9 4 (0.71%) Cucumber
9 4 (0.71%) Cypress.io
9 4 (0.71%) Maven
9 4 (0.71%) Metasploit
9 4 (0.71%) Mocha
General
1 123 (21.77%) Social Skills
2 100 (17.70%) Finance
3 66 (11.68%) Telecoms
4 47 (8.32%) Banking
5 45 (7.96%) Public Sector
6 37 (6.55%) Analytical Skills
7 26 (4.60%) Marketing
8 22 (3.89%) Presentation Skills
9 12 (2.12%) Legal
10 10 (1.77%) Organisational Skills
11 7 (1.24%) Manufacturing
12 6 (1.06%) Local Government
12 6 (1.06%) Retail
13 5 (0.88%) Automotive
13 5 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
13 5 (0.88%) Publishing
14 4 (0.71%) Billing
14 4 (0.71%) German Language
14 4 (0.71%) Law
14 4 (0.71%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 98 (17.35%) Developer
2 66 (11.68%) Architect
3 49 (8.67%) Network Engineer
4 41 (7.26%) Analyst
5 28 (4.96%) Senior Developer
6 21 (3.72%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 20 (3.54%) Consultant
7 20 (3.54%) Security Architect
8 19 (3.36%) Project Manager
9 17 (3.01%) Azure Architect
10 15 (2.65%) Angular Developer
10 15 (2.65%) Designer
10 15 (2.65%) IT Analyst
11 14 (2.48%) Cloud Architect
11 14 (2.48%) DevOps Engineer
11 14 (2.48%) Security Engineer
11 14 (2.48%) Support Engineer
12 13 (2.30%) AWS Engineer
12 13 (2.30%) Technical Architect
13 12 (2.12%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (13.10%) HTML
2 68 (12.04%) CSS
3 42 (7.43%) Web Services
4 41 (7.26%) JSON
5 37 (6.55%) HTML5
6 30 (5.31%) REST
7 28 (4.96%) AngularJS
7 28 (4.96%) Node.js
8 27 (4.78%) .NET
8 27 (4.78%) Ajax
9 24 (4.25%) React
10 23 (4.07%) RESTful
11 19 (3.36%) jQuery
12 17 (3.01%) OpenID
13 16 (2.83%) CakePHP
13 16 (2.83%) OAuth
13 16 (2.83%) Redux
14 15 (2.65%) CSS3
15 11 (1.95%) DOM
15 11 (1.95%) JWT
Miscellaneous
1 60 (10.62%) Data Centre
2 34 (6.02%) User Experience
3 26 (4.60%) Internet of Things
4 25 (4.42%) Management Information System
4 25 (4.42%) Public Cloud
5 19 (3.36%) Mobile App
6 17 (3.01%) Online Banking
6 17 (3.01%) PKI
7 13 (2.30%) Data Protection Act
7 13 (2.30%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (2.30%) Video Conferencing
8 12 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
8 12 (2.12%) Hybrid Cloud
8 12 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (2.12%) Private Cloud
9 11 (1.95%) Social Media
10 10 (1.77%) Algorithms
10 10 (1.77%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.77%) RIA
11 9 (1.59%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 114 (20.18%) Windows
2 69 (12.21%) Linux
3 39 (6.90%) Windows Server
4 23 (4.07%) Windows 10
5 16 (2.83%) Apple iOS
5 16 (2.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (2.83%) Unix
6 14 (2.48%) Android
7 11 (1.95%) Windows Server 2019
8 9 (1.59%) Windows Server 2016
9 8 (1.42%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.88%) CentOS
10 5 (0.88%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.71%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.53%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.53%) Windows XP
13 2 (0.35%) OS/400
13 2 (0.35%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.35%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 132 (23.36%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (13.27%) DevOps
3 66 (11.68%) Problem-Solving
4 57 (10.09%) Migration
5 43 (7.61%) Microservices
6 41 (7.26%) ITIL
7 38 (6.73%) Cybersecurity
8 34 (6.02%) E-Commerce
9 32 (5.66%) Scrum
10 30 (5.31%) Analytics
11 29 (5.13%) Project Management
11 29 (5.13%) Security Architecture
12 28 (4.96%) Open Source
13 26 (4.60%) Disaster Recovery
13 26 (4.60%) Front End Development
13 26 (4.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 26 (4.60%) Project Delivery
14 24 (4.25%) Continuous Improvement
14 24 (4.25%) Load Balancing
14 24 (4.25%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 93 (16.46%) JavaScript
2 82 (14.51%) SQL
3 78 (13.81%) Python
4 57 (10.09%) Java
5 50 (8.85%) PowerShell
6 29 (5.13%) TypeScript
7 28 (4.96%) PHP
8 24 (4.25%) C#
9 23 (4.07%) Bash Shell
10 21 (3.72%) ES6
11 16 (2.83%) ES7
12 15 (2.65%) C
13 14 (2.48%) Perl
14 11 (1.95%) C++
14 11 (1.95%) Ruby
15 10 (1.77%) PL/SQL
15 10 (1.77%) T-SQL
16 8 (1.42%) Kotlin
16 8 (1.42%) Shell Script
16 8 (1.42%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 60 (10.62%) Security Cleared
2 49 (8.67%) SC Cleared
3 44 (7.79%) Cisco Certification
4 42 (7.43%) Degree
5 32 (5.66%) CCNP
6 19 (3.36%) CCNA
7 13 (2.30%) DV Cleared
7 13 (2.30%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (1.59%) MCSE
9 8 (1.42%) CCDP
10 6 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.88%) MCSA
12 4 (0.71%) CCIE
13 3 (0.53%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.53%) Computer Science Degree
14 2 (0.35%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.35%) CCIP
14 2 (0.35%) ISEB
14 2 (0.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 2 (0.35%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.78%) QA
1 27 (4.78%) SLA
2 16 (2.83%) Accessibility
3 15 (2.65%) GDPR
4 11 (1.95%) NIST
5 9 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (1.42%) PMO
7 7 (1.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.88%) FedRAMP
8 5 (0.88%) NCSC
9 4 (0.71%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.71%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.35%) COBIT
11 2 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.18%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.18%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.18%) PSD2
12 1 (0.18%) TARGET2
System Software
1 74 (13.10%) Active Directory
2 25 (4.42%) Docker
3 24 (4.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (2.30%) Hyper-V
5 8 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.88%) VMware NSX
7 4 (0.71%) NFS
7 4 (0.71%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.53%) KVM
9 2 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.35%) vCloud
9 2 (0.35%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.18%) LXC
10 1 (0.18%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.18%) ProxySG
10 1 (0.18%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.18%) vSphere
10 1 (0.18%) Xen
10 1 (0.18%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 46 (8.14%) Terraform
2 31 (5.49%) Ansible
3 28 (4.96%) Kubernetes
4 12 (2.12%) SCCM
5 11 (1.95%) FortiGate
6 8 (1.42%) Microsoft Intune
7 7 (1.24%) Cisco CUCM
8 6 (1.06%) Host Intrusion Detection System
8 6 (1.06%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 6 (1.06%) QRadar
8 6 (1.06%) ZABBIX
9 5 (0.88%) Kibana
10 4 (0.71%) Control-M
10 4 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.71%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.53%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 3 (0.53%) CASB
11 3 (0.53%) Nagios
11 3 (0.53%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.53%) Puppet
Vendors
1 121 (21.42%) Microsoft
2 74 (13.10%) Cisco
3 53 (9.38%) VMware
4 31 (5.49%) Citrix
5 29 (5.13%) Oracle
6 25 (4.42%) Juniper
7 24 (4.25%) Adobe
8 17 (3.01%) F5
8 17 (3.01%) Red Hat
9 16 (2.83%) Dell
9 16 (2.83%) HP
10 13 (2.30%) Ruckus Wireless
11 12 (2.12%) Apple
11 12 (2.12%) Aruba
11 12 (2.12%) NetApp
11 12 (2.12%) Palo Alto
12 11 (1.95%) SAP
13 10 (1.77%) 3PAR
13 10 (1.77%) Splunk
14 9 (1.59%) SolarWinds