Period
to 20 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 16 17 17
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 9,055 10,424 10,954
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.83% 10.53% 10.66%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.23% 42.80% 43.68%
Number of salaries quoted 7,208 8,534 9,034
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,022 24,354 25,076
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 23.94% 24.60% 24.40%
Number of salaries quoted 15,691 20,158 20,902
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,000 £40,000 £39,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% -1.25%
10th Percentile £23,875 £22,500 £22,500
90th Percentile £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +1.15%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 3,033 £48,250 +7.22% 500
North of England +4 1,861 £45,000 - 385
South West +6 1,286 £42,500 - 321
East of England 0 1,124 £52,500 +5.00% 316
North West +5 1,089 £45,000 - 201
Midlands +1 925 £43,375 +2.06% 200
Yorkshire -2 631 £46,250 +2.78% 144
West Midlands +3 544 £43,250 +8.13% 110
Scotland +2 530 £43,000 +7.50% 90
East Midlands +7 378 £45,000 +5.88% 89
Wales +5 222 £40,000 -5.88% 60
North East +8 139 £45,000 +12.50% 41
Northern Ireland +2 86 £47,500 +18.75% 22
South Coast - 5 £60,000 -
Isle of Man +13 4 £37,500 -16.67%
Channel Islands -4 3 £60,000 +84.62%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,496 (38.61%) Windows
2 2,813 (31.07%) Python
3 2,587 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
4 2,256 (24.91%) Amazon AWS
5 2,232 (24.65%) Java
6 2,075 (22.92%) SQL
7 2,071 (22.87%) DevOps
8 1,707 (18.85%) Unix
9 1,665 (18.39%) Software Engineering
10 1,589 (17.55%) JavaScript
11 1,563 (17.26%) Degree
12 1,560 (17.23%) Git (software)
13 1,522 (16.81%) Microsoft
14 1,479 (16.33%) VMware
15 1,459 (16.11%) Microsoft Azure
16 1,386 (15.31%) MySQL
17 1,366 (15.09%) Docker
18 1,356 (14.98%) C++
19 1,241 (13.71%) Ansible
20 1,220 (13.47%) Jenkins
21 1,206 (13.32%) Bash Shell
22 1,170 (12.92%) Puppet
23 1,081 (11.94%) Oracle
24 1,077 (11.89%) PHP
25 1,073 (11.85%) HTML
26 1,032 (11.40%) Continuous Integration
27 1,003 (11.08%) Finance
28 980 (10.82%) VMware Infrastructure
29 968 (10.69%) SQL Server
30 937 (10.35%) Windows Server

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 741 (8.18%) Apache
2 372 (4.11%) Elasticsearch
3 334 (3.69%) IIS
4 313 (3.46%) Tomcat
5 281 (3.10%) Confluence
6 248 (2.74%) nginx
7 220 (2.43%) JBoss
8 190 (2.10%) MS Exchange
9 184 (2.03%) SharePoint
10 161 (1.78%) WebLogic
11 143 (1.58%) Apache Spark
12 132 (1.46%) OpenStack
13 123 (1.36%) WebSphere
14 101 (1.12%) CMS
15 79 (0.87%) WordPress
16 72 (0.80%) Apache Solr
17 50 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 46 (0.51%) Skype for Business
19 40 (0.44%) Apache Pig
20 35 (0.39%) MQSeries
Applications
1 167 (1.84%) Microsoft Office
2 150 (1.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 66 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
4 23 (0.25%) Photoshop
5 19 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 18 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.14%) Weka
8 7 (0.077%) Simulink
9 6 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.055%) HipChat
10 5 (0.055%) RoboHelp
11 3 (0.033%) CATIA
11 3 (0.033%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.033%) InVision
12 2 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.022%) EngageOne
12 2 (0.022%) Fireworks
12 2 (0.022%) Inkscape
12 2 (0.022%) Stateflow
12 2 (0.022%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 61 (0.67%) Magento
2 34 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
2 34 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
3 15 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
3 15 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
4 14 (0.15%) Odoo
5 7 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.066%) CiviCRM
6 6 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.055%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.044%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.044%) Oracle Payroll
8 4 (0.044%) Relativity
8 4 (0.044%) SAP BPC
8 4 (0.044%) SAP Business One
8 4 (0.044%) Scribe Insight
8 4 (0.044%) Workfront
9 3 (0.033%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.033%) SAP CRM
9 3 (0.033%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 2,256 (24.91%) Amazon AWS
2 1,459 (16.11%) Microsoft Azure
3 411 (4.54%) Google Cloud Platform
4 353 (3.90%) SaaS
5 314 (3.47%) GitHub
6 310 (3.42%) Office 365
7 254 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
8 248 (2.74%) AWS CloudFormation
9 200 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
10 175 (1.93%) IaaS
11 168 (1.86%) Amazon S3
12 156 (1.72%) PaaS
13 133 (1.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 96 (1.06%) Serverless
15 85 (0.94%) Azure Active Directory
16 83 (0.92%) OpenShift
17 82 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
18 71 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
19 52 (0.57%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 47 (0.52%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 823 (9.09%) Firewall
2 638 (7.05%) TCP/IP
3 578 (6.38%) DNS
4 344 (3.80%) Network Security
5 338 (3.73%) Internet
6 331 (3.66%) DHCP
7 283 (3.13%) VPN
8 273 (3.01%) WAN
9 270 (2.98%) LAN
10 264 (2.92%) SAN
11 261 (2.88%) HTTP
12 223 (2.46%) Wireless
13 213 (2.35%) Wi-Fi
14 199 (2.20%) VoIP
15 167 (1.84%) SSL
16 160 (1.77%) VLAN
17 91 (1.00%) BGP
17 91 (1.00%) SSH
18 85 (0.94%) MPLS
19 81 (0.89%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,386 (15.31%) MySQL
2 968 (10.69%) SQL Server
3 549 (6.06%) PostgreSQL
4 540 (5.96%) NoSQL
5 504 (5.57%) Relational Database
6 498 (5.50%) MongoDB
7 404 (4.46%) Big Data
8 289 (3.19%) Oracle Database
9 231 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 197 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
11 193 (2.13%) RDBMS
12 156 (1.72%) Redis
13 155 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
14 147 (1.62%) MariaDB
15 110 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 107 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
17 102 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
18 99 (1.09%) Apache Hive
19 92 (1.02%) DB2
20 77 (0.85%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 1,560 (17.23%) Git (software)
2 1,220 (13.47%) Jenkins
3 709 (7.83%) JIRA
4 349 (3.85%) Subversion
5 340 (3.75%) Maven
6 316 (3.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 283 (3.13%) TeamCity
8 226 (2.50%) Visual Studio
9 212 (2.34%) Bitbucket
10 208 (2.30%) Selenium
11 181 (2.00%) Octopus Deploy
12 171 (1.89%) JUnit
13 149 (1.65%) GitLab
14 148 (1.63%) Eclipse
15 119 (1.31%) Cucumber
16 111 (1.23%) Vagrant
17 98 (1.08%) Robot Framework
18 94 (1.04%) Gradle
18 94 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
19 86 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,003 (11.08%) Finance
2 342 (3.78%) Telecoms
3 336 (3.71%) Retail
4 246 (2.72%) Electronics
5 242 (2.67%) Marketing
6 225 (2.48%) Manufacturing
7 199 (2.20%) Banking
8 162 (1.79%) Legal
9 156 (1.72%) Games
10 112 (1.24%) Automotive
11 74 (0.82%) Law
12 57 (0.63%) Aerospace
13 52 (0.57%) Advertising
14 47 (0.52%) Investment Banking
15 39 (0.43%) German Language
16 36 (0.40%) French Language
17 35 (0.39%) Military
18 31 (0.34%) Financial Institution
19 28 (0.31%) Back Office
20 25 (0.28%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,062 (22.77%) Developer
2 1,103 (12.18%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,018 (11.24%) Software Engineer
4 684 (7.55%) Linux Engineer
5 645 (7.12%) Analyst
6 598 (6.60%) Administrator
7 532 (5.88%) Java Developer
8 439 (4.85%) PHP Developer
9 420 (4.64%) Support Engineer
10 408 (4.51%) Software Developer
11 402 (4.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 377 (4.16%) Systems Administrator
13 334 (3.69%) Senior Developer
14 314 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
15 291 (3.21%) Architect
16 290 (3.20%) AWS Engineer
17 273 (3.01%) Linux Administrator
18 264 (2.92%) Systems Engineer
19 252 (2.78%) C++ Software Engineer
20 251 (2.77%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,073 (11.85%) HTML
2 916 (10.12%) CSS
3 772 (8.53%) Web Services
4 598 (6.60%) Spring
5 492 (5.43%) Node.js
6 470 (5.19%) LAMP
7 460 (5.08%) jQuery
8 451 (4.98%) .NET
9 445 (4.91%) AngularJS
10 427 (4.72%) RESTful
11 407 (4.49%) REST
12 378 (4.17%) XML
13 350 (3.87%) HTML5
14 337 (3.72%) JSON
15 292 (3.22%) Elastic Stack
16 290 (3.20%) React
17 286 (3.16%) SOAP
18 243 (2.68%) Middleware
19 223 (2.46%) Hibernate
20 208 (2.30%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 470 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
2 465 (5.14%) Data Centre
3 387 (4.27%) Management Information System
4 367 (4.05%) Linux Command Line
5 294 (3.25%) Public Cloud
6 260 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
7 193 (2.13%) User Experience
8 180 (1.99%) Embedded Systems
8 180 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
9 178 (1.97%) Mobile App
10 171 (1.89%) Fintech
11 170 (1.88%) Clustering
12 169 (1.87%) Algorithms
13 165 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
14 164 (1.81%) Replication
15 154 (1.70%) Private Cloud
16 131 (1.45%) Cyber Kill Chain
17 114 (1.26%) Device Driver
18 109 (1.20%) Robotics
19 76 (0.84%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 3,496 (38.61%) Windows
2 1,707 (18.85%) Unix
3 937 (10.35%) Windows Server
4 776 (8.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 595 (6.57%) CentOS
6 440 (4.86%) Ubuntu
7 342 (3.78%) Windows Server 2012
8 320 (3.53%) Android
9 315 (3.48%) Windows Server 2008
10 259 (2.86%) Apple iOS
11 251 (2.77%) Windows 10
12 229 (2.53%) AIX
13 214 (2.36%) Debian
14 184 (2.03%) Windows 7
15 181 (2.00%) Solaris
16 167 (1.84%) Embedded Linux
17 130 (1.44%) Windows Server 2003
18 115 (1.27%) Mac OS X
19 104 (1.15%) Windows 8
20 88 (0.97%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,587 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
2 2,071 (22.87%) DevOps
3 1,665 (18.39%) Software Engineering
4 1,032 (11.40%) Continuous Integration
5 928 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
6 883 (9.75%) Configuration Management
7 880 (9.72%) Computer Science
8 804 (8.88%) Test Automation
9 755 (8.34%) ITIL
10 738 (8.15%) Open Source
11 711 (7.85%) Scrum
12 655 (7.23%) OO
13 620 (6.85%) Mentoring
14 566 (6.25%) TDD
15 565 (6.24%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 509 (5.62%) Web Development
17 497 (5.49%) Information Security
18 489 (5.40%) Cybersecurity
19 462 (5.10%) MVC
20 435 (4.80%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2,813 (31.07%) Python
2 2,232 (24.65%) Java
3 2,075 (22.92%) SQL
4 1,589 (17.55%) JavaScript
5 1,356 (14.98%) C++
6 1,206 (13.32%) Bash Shell
7 1,077 (11.89%) PHP
8 924 (10.20%) C
9 825 (9.11%) C#
10 713 (7.87%) PowerShell
11 658 (7.27%) Ruby
12 629 (6.95%) Perl
13 486 (5.37%) Shell Script
14 206 (2.27%) Go
15 184 (2.03%) PL/SQL
16 139 (1.54%) Embedded C
17 129 (1.42%) Java 8
18 100 (1.10%) Scala
19 87 (0.96%) T-SQL
20 83 (0.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,563 (17.26%) Degree
2 551 (6.09%) Security Cleared
3 388 (4.28%) CISSP
4 344 (3.80%) SC Cleared
5 338 (3.73%) Cisco Certification
6 333 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
7 249 (2.75%) Microsoft Certification
8 193 (2.13%) CCNA
9 186 (2.05%) DV Cleared
10 174 (1.92%) SANS
11 138 (1.52%) MCSE
12 125 (1.38%) CREST Certified
13 105 (1.16%) MCSA
14 101 (1.12%) AWS Certification
15 99 (1.09%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 90 (0.99%) CISM
17 89 (0.98%) CCNP
18 85 (0.94%) RHCE
19 80 (0.88%) SSCP
20 75 (0.83%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 416 (4.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 280 (3.09%) QA
3 271 (2.99%) SLA
4 212 (2.34%) GDPR
5 202 (2.23%) PCI DSS
6 43 (0.47%) Cyber Essentials
7 31 (0.34%) ISO 9001
8 29 (0.32%) PSD2
9 26 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 20 (0.22%) PMO
11 15 (0.17%) Data Quality
12 14 (0.15%) ISO 22301
13 13 (0.14%) COBIT
14 12 (0.13%) JTAG
15 10 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 7 (0.077%) FISMA
16 7 (0.077%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 5 (0.055%) Disclosure Scotland
18 3 (0.033%) GPG13
18 3 (0.033%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 1,366 (15.09%) Docker
2 980 (10.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 932 (10.29%) Active Directory
4 381 (4.21%) Hyper-V
5 254 (2.81%) VMware ESXi
6 216 (2.39%) vSphere
7 200 (2.21%) Virtual Machines
8 125 (1.38%) Firmware
9 78 (0.86%) NFS
10 71 (0.78%) VirtualBox
11 70 (0.77%) VMware NSX
12 69 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
13 62 (0.68%) XenApp
14 54 (0.60%) HDFS
15 51 (0.56%) KVM
16 48 (0.53%) Xen
17 46 (0.51%) LXC
18 45 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
19 38 (0.42%) Samba
20 36 (0.40%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 1,241 (13.71%) Ansible
2 1,170 (12.92%) Puppet
3 756 (8.35%) Kubernetes
4 747 (8.25%) Opscode Chef
5 538 (5.94%) Terraform
6 199 (2.20%) Nagios
7 146 (1.61%) Packer
8 145 (1.60%) SCCM
9 134 (1.48%) Salt
10 133 (1.47%) Prometheus
11 124 (1.37%) ZABBIX
12 99 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
13 98 (1.08%) Grafana
14 91 (1.00%) vCenter Server
15 89 (0.98%) Consul
16 87 (0.96%) Kibana
17 78 (0.86%) HAProxy
18 66 (0.73%) Graphite
19 63 (0.70%) logstash
20 62 (0.68%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 1,522 (16.81%) Microsoft
2 1,479 (16.33%) VMware
3 1,081 (11.94%) Oracle
4 850 (9.39%) Red Hat
5 634 (7.00%) Cisco
6 390 (4.31%) Google
7 266 (2.94%) IBM
8 260 (2.87%) Citrix
9 202 (2.23%) HP
10 185 (2.04%) Splunk
11 161 (1.78%) Atlassian
12 152 (1.68%) EMC
13 140 (1.55%) SolarWinds
14 134 (1.48%) NetApp
15 132 (1.46%) SAP
16 127 (1.40%) Juniper
16 127 (1.40%) New Relic
17 108 (1.19%) ServiceNow
17 108 (1.19%) Symantec
18 99 (1.09%) CheckPoint