Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 19 18 16
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 2,882 8,173 9,788
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.36% 10.46% 10.62%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.61% 43.55% 45.33%
Number of salaries quoted 2,654 6,424 8,114
Median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.52% - +2.22%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,410 £27,500
90th Percentile £69,000 £70,250 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,400 £52,500
% change year-on-year +3.00% +1.71% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,461 18,766 21,593
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 23.22% 24.01% 23.43%
Number of salaries quoted 5,321 14,643 17,155
Median annual salary £45,000 £41,000 £41,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.76% - +2.50%
10th Percentile £26,250 £23,500 £23,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £66,250 £65,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 840 £50,000 +5.26% 191
North of England -2 619 £49,000 +4.83% 224
South West +2 519 £47,500 +5.56% 129
Midlands -2 343 £50,000 +11.11% 136
North West -1 334 £49,000 +8.89% 148
West Midlands 0 249 £52,500 +23.53% 91
East of England +1 247 £50,000 - 137
Yorkshire -8 233 £47,500 - 63
Scotland +3 212 £47,500 +9.20% 73
East Midlands -3 90 £47,500 +5.56% 44
Wales +2 74 £45,000 +7.14% 22
North East -5 52 £50,000 +11.11% 13
Northern Ireland -7 42 £45,000 +5.88% 19
Isle of Man -4 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 939 (32.58%) Python
2 930 (32.27%) AWS
3 908 (31.51%) Windows
4 881 (30.57%) DevOps
5 790 (27.41%) Agile Software Development
6 716 (24.84%) Docker
7 577 (20.02%) SQL
8 545 (18.91%) Git (software)
9 539 (18.70%) JavaScript
10 526 (18.25%) Azure
11 522 (18.11%) Kubernetes
12 508 (17.63%) Terraform
13 496 (17.21%) Java
14 478 (16.59%) Ansible
15 468 (16.24%) MySQL
16 464 (16.10%) VMware
17 460 (15.96%) Software Engineering
18 432 (14.99%) Bash Shell
19 400 (13.88%) C++
20 386 (13.39%) HTML
21 378 (13.12%) Microsoft
21 378 (13.12%) Puppet
22 365 (12.66%) Unix
23 364 (12.63%) PHP
24 350 (12.14%) Jenkins
25 335 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
26 318 (11.03%) VMware Infrastructure
27 314 (10.90%) Degree
28 311 (10.79%) PowerShell
29 308 (10.69%) CSS

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 196 (6.80%) Apache
2 108 (3.75%) Confluence
3 99 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
4 54 (1.87%) nginx
5 38 (1.32%) Apache Spark
5 38 (1.32%) SharePoint
6 37 (1.28%) IIS
7 33 (1.15%) OpenStack
8 31 (1.08%) Tomcat
9 30 (1.04%) MS Exchange
10 29 (1.01%) WebLogic
11 23 (0.80%) CMS
12 17 (0.59%) WordPress
13 15 (0.52%) Skype for Business
14 14 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2013
15 13 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 12 (0.42%) JBoss
17 11 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2010
18 10 (0.35%) WebSphere
19 9 (0.31%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 38 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.45%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.069%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.035%) Abaqus
7 1 (0.035%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.035%) Simulink
7 1 (0.035%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 16 (0.56%) Sentinel
2 15 (0.52%) Magento
3 8 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
4 7 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
5 6 (0.21%) FLEXCUBE
6 5 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.14%) JDE OneWorld
7 4 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.10%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 3 (0.10%) Workfront
9 2 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
9 2 (0.069%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.069%) Shopify
10 1 (0.035%) Odoo
10 1 (0.035%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.035%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 930 (32.27%) AWS
2 526 (18.25%) Azure
3 167 (5.79%) AWS CloudFormation
4 144 (5.00%) GCP
5 133 (4.61%) SaaS
6 103 (3.57%) Office 365
7 92 (3.19%) Amazon EC2
8 91 (3.16%) PaaS
9 85 (2.95%) GitHub
10 80 (2.78%) Serverless
11 77 (2.67%) IaaS
12 68 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
13 67 (2.32%) Amazon S3
14 61 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
15 58 (2.01%) OpenShift
16 43 (1.49%) Amazon EKS
17 33 (1.15%) Route 53
17 33 (1.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 25 (0.87%) Amazon ELB
19 22 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 202 (7.01%) Firewall
2 180 (6.25%) TCP/IP
3 145 (5.03%) DNS
4 93 (3.23%) VPN
5 81 (2.81%) DHCP
6 76 (2.64%) SAN
7 75 (2.60%) Internet
8 74 (2.57%) WAN
9 73 (2.53%) HTTP
9 73 (2.53%) LAN
10 62 (2.15%) Network Security
11 49 (1.70%) SSL
12 47 (1.63%) Wireless
13 36 (1.25%) VoIP
14 35 (1.21%) Wi-Fi
15 30 (1.04%) Wireshark
16 27 (0.94%) Intrusion Detection
16 27 (0.94%) IPv6
17 26 (0.90%) IPv4
17 26 (0.90%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 468 (16.24%) MySQL
2 247 (8.57%) SQL Server
3 164 (5.69%) NoSQL
4 142 (4.93%) PostgreSQL
5 121 (4.20%) MongoDB
6 95 (3.30%) Relational Database
7 83 (2.88%) Big Data
8 63 (2.19%) Oracle Database
9 58 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
10 57 (1.98%) Redis
11 46 (1.60%) Hadoop
12 38 (1.32%) Oracle Reports
13 37 (1.28%) MariaDB
14 28 (0.97%) RDBMS
15 27 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
16 24 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 24 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
17 23 (0.80%) Oracle Database 11g
18 18 (0.62%) CouchDB
19 16 (0.56%) DB2
Development Applications
1 545 (18.91%) Git (software)
2 350 (12.14%) Jenkins
3 200 (6.94%) JIRA
4 121 (4.20%) GitLab
5 77 (2.67%) Selenium
6 67 (2.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 64 (2.22%) Bitbucket
7 64 (2.22%) TeamCity
8 53 (1.84%) Subversion
9 50 (1.73%) Maven
10 42 (1.46%) JUnit
11 40 (1.39%) Oracle APEX
12 30 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
13 29 (1.01%) Travis CI
14 25 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
15 23 (0.80%) Sonatype Nexus
16 18 (0.62%) Artifactory
17 17 (0.59%) PHPUnit
18 16 (0.56%) Cucumber
18 16 (0.56%) Vagrant
General
1 282 (9.78%) Finance
2 120 (4.16%) Public Sector
3 103 (3.57%) Telecoms
4 95 (3.30%) Electronics
5 87 (3.02%) Retail
6 80 (2.78%) Manufacturing
7 79 (2.74%) Law
8 70 (2.43%) Marketing
9 66 (2.29%) Games
10 45 (1.56%) Banking
11 38 (1.32%) Legal
12 32 (1.11%) Advertising
13 29 (1.01%) Financial Institution
14 24 (0.83%) Aerospace
15 20 (0.69%) Automotive
16 19 (0.66%) Military
17 15 (0.52%) Back Office
18 9 (0.31%) Digital Economy
19 7 (0.24%) French Language
19 7 (0.24%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 604 (20.96%) Developer
2 509 (17.66%) DevOps Engineer
3 295 (10.24%) Software Engineer
4 261 (9.06%) Linux Engineer
5 210 (7.29%) AWS Engineer
6 179 (6.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 168 (5.83%) PHP Developer
8 166 (5.76%) AWS DevOps
9 160 (5.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 126 (4.37%) Administrator
11 108 (3.75%) Senior Developer
11 108 (3.75%) Software Developer
11 108 (3.75%) Support Engineer
12 101 (3.50%) Analyst
13 99 (3.44%) Systems Administrator
14 96 (3.33%) Python Developer
15 95 (3.30%) Java Developer
16 94 (3.26%) Cloud Engineer
17 89 (3.09%) Senior Software Engineer
18 85 (2.95%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 386 (13.39%) HTML
2 308 (10.69%) CSS
3 182 (6.32%) Web Services
4 152 (5.27%) jQuery
4 152 (5.27%) Node.js
5 138 (4.79%) LAMP
6 131 (4.55%) REST
7 116 (4.02%) .NET
8 107 (3.71%) HTML5
9 98 (3.40%) RESTful
10 97 (3.37%) JSON
11 93 (3.23%) AngularJS
12 90 (3.12%) Laravel
12 90 (3.12%) React
13 86 (2.98%) Elastic Stack
14 82 (2.85%) SOAP
15 78 (2.71%) Vue.js
16 64 (2.22%) Spring
17 56 (1.94%) Django
18 54 (1.87%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 204 (7.08%) Analytical Skills
2 147 (5.10%) Data Centre
3 99 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
4 91 (3.16%) Public Cloud
5 81 (2.81%) Linux Command Line
6 79 (2.74%) Algorithms
7 65 (2.26%) Greenfield Project
7 65 (2.26%) Mobile App
8 54 (1.87%) Management Information System
9 50 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
10 49 (1.70%) PKI
11 44 (1.53%) Clustering
12 41 (1.42%) Cyberthreat
13 36 (1.25%) Embedded Systems
13 36 (1.25%) Private Cloud
14 35 (1.21%) Cloud Native
15 31 (1.08%) User Experience
16 30 (1.04%) Cyberattack
17 27 (0.94%) Data Structures
18 26 (0.90%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 908 (31.51%) Windows
2 365 (12.66%) Unix
3 270 (9.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 263 (9.13%) CentOS
5 238 (8.26%) Windows Server
6 146 (5.07%) Ubuntu
7 69 (2.39%) Solaris
8 52 (1.80%) Windows Server 2012
9 50 (1.73%) AIX
10 43 (1.49%) Debian
11 42 (1.46%) Windows Server 2016
12 41 (1.42%) Mac OS
13 36 (1.25%) Apple iOS
14 30 (1.04%) Android
14 30 (1.04%) Windows 10
15 28 (0.97%) Embedded Linux
16 23 (0.80%) Windows 7
17 17 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
18 16 (0.56%) Mac OS X
19 15 (0.52%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 881 (30.57%) DevOps
2 790 (27.41%) Agile Software Development
3 460 (15.96%) Software Engineering
4 335 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
5 292 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
6 274 (9.51%) Scrum
7 242 (8.40%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 226 (7.84%) Configuration Management
9 220 (7.63%) Test Automation
10 206 (7.15%) Open Source
11 204 (7.08%) OO
12 200 (6.94%) Computer Science
13 184 (6.38%) Cybersecurity
14 175 (6.07%) Microservices
15 174 (6.04%) Infrastructure as Code
16 164 (5.69%) Migration
17 158 (5.48%) MVC
18 156 (5.41%) ITIL
19 154 (5.34%) OOP
20 148 (5.14%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 939 (32.58%) Python
2 577 (20.02%) SQL
3 539 (18.70%) JavaScript
4 496 (17.21%) Java
5 432 (14.99%) Bash Shell
6 400 (13.88%) C++
7 364 (12.63%) PHP
8 311 (10.79%) PowerShell
9 284 (9.85%) C
10 183 (6.35%) C#
11 151 (5.24%) Go
12 140 (4.86%) Perl
13 135 (4.68%) Ruby
14 132 (4.58%) Shell Script
15 73 (2.53%) PL/SQL
16 47 (1.63%) Embedded C
17 42 (1.46%) T-SQL
18 39 (1.35%) Java 8
18 39 (1.35%) TypeScript
19 38 (1.32%) Scala
Qualifications
1 314 (10.90%) Degree
2 267 (9.26%) Security Cleared
3 176 (6.11%) SC Cleared
4 90 (3.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 82 (2.85%) DV Cleared
5 82 (2.85%) Microsoft Certification
6 73 (2.53%) AWS Certification
7 64 (2.22%) Cisco Certification
8 59 (2.05%) CCNA
9 56 (1.94%) MCSE
10 55 (1.91%) MCSA
11 40 (1.39%) RHCE
12 34 (1.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 30 (1.04%) CCNP
14 28 (0.97%) CREST Certified
15 26 (0.90%) PhD
16 17 (0.59%) ITIL Certification
17 16 (0.56%) CISSP
18 15 (0.52%) GCIA
18 15 (0.52%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 131 (4.55%) QA
2 80 (2.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 69 (2.39%) SLA
4 60 (2.08%) GDPR
5 34 (1.18%) NIST
6 29 (1.01%) ISO 9001
7 23 (0.80%) PCI DSS
8 16 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials
9 15 (0.52%) NIST 800
10 8 (0.28%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 8 (0.28%) PMO
11 7 (0.24%) HIPAA
11 7 (0.24%) NCSC
12 6 (0.21%) COBIT
13 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.10%) JTAG
15 2 (0.069%) DICOM
15 2 (0.069%) HL7
15 2 (0.069%) IEC 62304
15 2 (0.069%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 716 (24.84%) Docker
2 318 (11.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 237 (8.22%) Active Directory
4 128 (4.44%) Hyper-V
5 90 (3.12%) vSphere
6 55 (1.91%) VMware ESXi
7 40 (1.39%) Firmware
8 34 (1.18%) KVM
9 33 (1.15%) Virtual Servers
10 27 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
10 27 (0.94%) VirtualBox
11 23 (0.80%) Xen
12 16 (0.56%) Ceph
12 16 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
13 15 (0.52%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 14 (0.49%) XenApp
15 11 (0.38%) LXC
15 11 (0.38%) Snort
15 11 (0.38%) XenDesktop
16 10 (0.35%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 522 (18.11%) Kubernetes
2 508 (17.63%) Terraform
3 478 (16.59%) Ansible
4 378 (13.12%) Puppet
5 233 (8.08%) Opscode Chef
6 81 (2.81%) SCCM
7 58 (2.01%) Prometheus
8 45 (1.56%) Nagios
9 40 (1.39%) Grafana
10 37 (1.28%) Oracle RMAN
11 30 (1.04%) Data Guard
11 30 (1.04%) SCOM
12 27 (0.94%) Graphite
13 23 (0.80%) Red Hat Satellite
14 20 (0.69%) Kibana
15 19 (0.66%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 19 (0.66%) SCOrch
16 18 (0.62%) logstash
16 18 (0.62%) ZABBIX
17 17 (0.59%) Packer
Vendors
1 464 (16.10%) VMware
2 378 (13.12%) Microsoft
3 289 (10.03%) Red Hat
4 234 (8.12%) Oracle
5 135 (4.68%) Cisco
6 94 (3.26%) Google
7 86 (2.98%) Splunk
8 77 (2.67%) SAP
9 71 (2.46%) Atlassian
10 44 (1.53%) Citrix
10 44 (1.53%) Zend
11 38 (1.32%) Dell
12 37 (1.28%) IBM
13 34 (1.18%) Juniper
14 32 (1.11%) Veeam
15 31 (1.08%) SaltStack
16 29 (1.01%) EMC
16 29 (1.01%) HP
17 27 (0.94%) Dynatrace
17 27 (0.94%) SolarWinds