Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 18 17
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 +1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 6,259 8,840 10,982
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 9.51% 10.63% 10.73%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.52% 44.55% 44.63%
Number of salaries quoted 5,253 7,324 9,186
Median annual salary £47,500 £45,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.40% +1.11% +4.65%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
UK median annual salary £53,931 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.73% +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,075 19,844 24,606
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 22.90% 23.85% 24.04%
Number of salaries quoted 12,026 15,497 19,936
Median annual salary £42,500 £42,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +2.56%
10th Percentile £24,375 £24,000 £23,000
90th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £63,750
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +2 2,194 £47,500 -5.00% 379
North of England -4 1,170 £50,000 +5.26% 269
South West -2 949 £45,000 - 194
Midlands +1 744 £46,718 +6.18% 159
North West +1 676 £50,000 +11.11% 143
East of England -2 617 £50,000 - 244
West Midlands +7 508 £47,500 +9.83% 91
Yorkshire -3 406 £50,000 +5.26% 84
Scotland -7 318 £47,500 +11.76% 81
East Midlands -7 232 £45,000 - 68
Wales +4 212 £42,000 +5.00% 52
North East -10 88 £37,000 -22.11% 42
Northern Ireland +8 65 £33,750 -32.50% 10
South Coast 0 3 £67,500 +12.50%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,561 (40.92%) Windows
2 1,804 (28.82%) Python
3 1,651 (26.38%) Agile Software Development
4 1,505 (24.05%) AWS
5 1,444 (23.07%) DevOps
6 1,243 (19.86%) SQL
7 1,196 (19.11%) Docker
8 1,169 (18.68%) JavaScript
9 1,167 (18.65%) Java
10 1,149 (18.36%) Azure
11 1,099 (17.56%) Software Engineering
12 1,071 (17.11%) Git (software)
13 1,065 (17.02%) Unix
14 1,033 (16.50%) Microsoft
15 957 (15.29%) PHP
16 938 (14.99%) Bash Shell
17 931 (14.87%) MySQL
18 909 (14.52%) VMware
19 870 (13.90%) C++
20 844 (13.48%) Problem-Solving
21 837 (13.37%) Windows Server
22 824 (13.17%) Ansible
23 802 (12.81%) Degree
24 798 (12.75%) Kubernetes
25 722 (11.54%) Finance
26 697 (11.14%) C
27 693 (11.07%) Jenkins
28 680 (10.86%) HTML
29 626 (10.00%) Active Directory
30 625 (9.99%) Firewall

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 424 (6.77%) Apache
2 178 (2.84%) IIS
3 174 (2.78%) Tomcat
4 169 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
5 167 (2.67%) Confluence
6 119 (1.90%) OpenStack
7 108 (1.73%) JBoss
7 108 (1.73%) WebSphere
8 105 (1.68%) Apache Spark
9 101 (1.61%) MS Exchange
10 96 (1.53%) nginx
11 89 (1.42%) SharePoint
12 68 (1.09%) WordPress
13 66 (1.05%) WebLogic
14 58 (0.93%) CMS
15 46 (0.73%) Apache Solr
16 28 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
17 27 (0.43%) Drupal
18 25 (0.40%) CICS
19 24 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 128 (2.05%) Microsoft Office
2 53 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.21%) Simulink
6 12 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.18%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.064%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.032%) 3ds Max
9 2 (0.032%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.032%) Avid Media Composer
9 2 (0.032%) CINEMA 4D
9 2 (0.032%) Final Cut Pro
9 2 (0.032%) InVision
9 2 (0.032%) LightWave 3D
9 2 (0.032%) Maya
9 2 (0.032%) MODO
9 2 (0.032%) Sketch
9 2 (0.032%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 45 (0.72%) Magento
2 15 (0.24%) SAP CRM
3 10 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
5 8 (0.13%) GoldMine
5 8 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
6 7 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.080%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 5 (0.080%) OpenCart
7 5 (0.080%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.064%) CiviCRM
8 4 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.048%) BusinessWorks
9 3 (0.048%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.048%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.048%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.048%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,505 (24.05%) AWS
2 1,149 (18.36%) Azure
3 343 (5.48%) SaaS
4 337 (5.38%) GCP
5 308 (4.92%) Office 365
6 189 (3.02%) IaaS
7 172 (2.75%) PaaS
8 166 (2.65%) AWS CloudFormation
9 156 (2.49%) GitHub
10 107 (1.71%) Serverless
11 106 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
12 105 (1.68%) OpenShift
13 84 (1.34%) Amazon S3
14 83 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
15 74 (1.18%) AWS Lambda
16 69 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
17 68 (1.09%) Amazon ECS
18 49 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 45 (0.72%) npm
20 36 (0.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 625 (9.99%) Firewall
2 452 (7.22%) TCP/IP
3 402 (6.42%) DNS
4 285 (4.55%) WAN
5 264 (4.22%) LAN
6 252 (4.03%) VPN
7 243 (3.88%) Internet
8 234 (3.74%) DHCP
9 223 (3.56%) SAN
10 169 (2.70%) Network Security
11 146 (2.33%) HTTP
12 138 (2.20%) Wireless
13 111 (1.77%) VoIP
14 108 (1.73%) SSL
15 107 (1.71%) VLAN
16 94 (1.50%) BGP
17 86 (1.37%) OSPF
18 77 (1.23%) MPLS
19 76 (1.21%) SMTP
20 74 (1.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 931 (14.87%) MySQL
2 618 (9.87%) SQL Server
3 261 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
4 236 (3.77%) MongoDB
5 235 (3.75%) NoSQL
6 213 (3.40%) Big Data
7 204 (3.26%) Relational Database
8 148 (2.36%) Oracle Database
9 137 (2.19%) Hadoop
10 118 (1.89%) Redis
11 87 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
12 81 (1.29%) RDBMS
13 78 (1.25%) MariaDB
14 71 (1.13%) Data Warehouse
15 47 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 47 (0.75%) Apache Hive
16 43 (0.69%) DB2
17 42 (0.67%) SAP HANA
18 35 (0.56%) SAP BW
19 34 (0.54%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,071 (17.11%) Git (software)
2 693 (11.07%) Jenkins
3 453 (7.24%) JIRA
4 140 (2.24%) Selenium
5 139 (2.22%) GitLab
6 138 (2.20%) Subversion
7 110 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 109 (1.74%) Bitbucket
8 109 (1.74%) Maven
9 82 (1.31%) Visual Studio
10 70 (1.12%) JUnit
11 67 (1.07%) Cucumber
12 54 (0.86%) JMeter
13 51 (0.81%) Sonatype Nexus
14 48 (0.77%) Eclipse
15 47 (0.75%) TeamCity
16 44 (0.70%) Artifactory
17 39 (0.62%) Gradle
18 38 (0.61%) PHPUnit
19 34 (0.54%) Vagrant
General
1 722 (11.54%) Finance
2 337 (5.38%) Retail
3 245 (3.91%) Telecoms
4 213 (3.40%) Public Sector
5 176 (2.81%) Electronics
6 155 (2.48%) Manufacturing
7 140 (2.24%) Marketing
8 111 (1.77%) Aerospace
9 98 (1.57%) Advertising
10 91 (1.45%) Automotive
11 81 (1.29%) Banking
12 75 (1.20%) Legal
12 75 (1.20%) Military
13 70 (1.12%) Games
14 52 (0.83%) Law
15 33 (0.53%) Financial Institution
16 25 (0.40%) Police
17 22 (0.35%) German Language
18 21 (0.34%) French Language
19 20 (0.32%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,346 (21.51%) Developer
2 767 (12.25%) Software Engineer
3 676 (10.80%) DevOps Engineer
4 424 (6.77%) PHP Developer
5 409 (6.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 348 (5.56%) Analyst
6 348 (5.56%) Linux Engineer
7 320 (5.11%) Administrator
8 300 (4.79%) Support Engineer
9 275 (4.39%) Software Developer
10 264 (4.22%) Senior Developer
11 233 (3.72%) Architect
12 227 (3.63%) Senior Software Engineer
13 212 (3.39%) Junior
14 209 (3.34%) Systems Administrator
15 206 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
16 204 (3.26%) IT Engineer
17 201 (3.21%) C++ Software Engineer
18 191 (3.05%) Systems Engineer
19 178 (2.84%) Embedded Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 680 (10.86%) HTML
2 578 (9.23%) CSS
3 445 (7.11%) Web Services
4 350 (5.59%) Node.js
5 338 (5.40%) .NET
6 332 (5.30%) LAMP
7 318 (5.08%) AngularJS
8 317 (5.06%) jQuery
9 309 (4.94%) REST
10 283 (4.52%) Laravel
11 250 (3.99%) HTML5
12 231 (3.69%) React
13 223 (3.56%) RESTful
14 218 (3.48%) Spring
15 217 (3.47%) Middleware
16 196 (3.13%) SOAP
17 173 (2.76%) XML
18 160 (2.56%) JSON
19 148 (2.36%) Vue.js
20 129 (2.06%) Symfony
Miscellaneous
1 582 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
2 385 (6.15%) Data Centre
3 241 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
4 223 (3.56%) Linux Command Line
5 212 (3.39%) Public Cloud
6 211 (3.37%) User Experience
7 192 (3.07%) Management Information System
8 160 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
9 134 (2.14%) Mobile App
10 99 (1.58%) Algorithms
11 93 (1.49%) Embedded Systems
12 84 (1.34%) Clustering
13 73 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
13 73 (1.17%) Replication
14 64 (1.02%) Hybrid Cloud
15 63 (1.01%) Private Cloud
16 59 (0.94%) Cloud Native
16 59 (0.94%) Driving Licence
17 56 (0.89%) Mainframe
18 53 (0.85%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 2,561 (40.92%) Windows
2 1,065 (17.02%) Unix
3 837 (13.37%) Windows Server
4 464 (7.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 339 (5.42%) CentOS
6 261 (4.17%) Ubuntu
7 213 (3.40%) Windows Server 2012
8 180 (2.88%) Windows Server 2016
9 153 (2.44%) Android
10 146 (2.33%) Debian
11 133 (2.12%) Embedded Linux
11 133 (2.12%) Solaris
12 125 (2.00%) Apple iOS
13 93 (1.49%) Windows 10
14 90 (1.44%) Windows Server 2008
15 86 (1.37%) AIX
16 84 (1.34%) Mac OS
17 81 (1.29%) Windows 7
18 61 (0.97%) Mac OS X
19 51 (0.81%) OS/400
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,651 (26.38%) Agile Software Development
2 1,444 (23.07%) DevOps
3 1,099 (17.56%) Software Engineering
4 844 (13.48%) Problem-Solving
5 582 (9.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 521 (8.32%) Continuous Integration
7 515 (8.23%) Test Automation
8 495 (7.91%) Configuration Management
9 481 (7.68%) ITIL
10 479 (7.65%) OO
11 477 (7.62%) Scrum
12 450 (7.19%) Computer Science
13 432 (6.90%) Mentoring
14 376 (6.01%) Cybersecurity
15 363 (5.80%) Open Source
16 349 (5.58%) MVC
17 321 (5.13%) TDD
18 302 (4.83%) SDLC
19 284 (4.54%) OOP
20 280 (4.47%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 1,804 (28.82%) Python
2 1,243 (19.86%) SQL
3 1,169 (18.68%) JavaScript
4 1,167 (18.65%) Java
5 957 (15.29%) PHP
6 938 (14.99%) Bash Shell
7 870 (13.90%) C++
8 697 (11.14%) C
9 615 (9.83%) PowerShell
10 578 (9.23%) C#
11 361 (5.77%) Perl
12 337 (5.38%) Shell Script
13 308 (4.92%) Ruby
14 221 (3.53%) Go
15 132 (2.11%) PL/SQL
16 102 (1.63%) PHP 7
17 79 (1.26%) Embedded C
18 77 (1.23%) TypeScript
19 60 (0.96%) Scala
20 53 (0.85%) VB
Qualifications
1 802 (12.81%) Degree
2 569 (9.09%) Security Cleared
3 316 (5.05%) SC Cleared
4 213 (3.40%) DV Cleared
5 207 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
6 161 (2.57%) Cisco Certification
7 122 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
8 116 (1.85%) CCNA
9 97 (1.55%) CISSP
10 94 (1.50%) MCSE
11 68 (1.09%) CCNP
12 60 (0.96%) AWS Certification
12 60 (0.96%) RHCE
13 51 (0.81%) MCSA
14 48 (0.77%) ITIL Certification
15 42 (0.67%) ISTQB
16 39 (0.62%) IBM Certification
16 39 (0.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 36 (0.58%) CHECK Team Member
17 36 (0.58%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (3.67%) QA
2 162 (2.59%) SLA
3 149 (2.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 99 (1.58%) GDPR
5 56 (0.89%) PCI DSS
6 24 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
7 22 (0.35%) NIST
8 18 (0.29%) ISO 9001
9 17 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 9 (0.14%) ISO 22301
11 8 (0.13%) Data Quality
12 7 (0.11%) HIPAA
13 6 (0.096%) IEC 61508
14 5 (0.080%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 5 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 3 (0.048%) COBIT
15 3 (0.048%) DO-178B
15 3 (0.048%) NCSC
15 3 (0.048%) NIST 800
16 2 (0.032%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,196 (19.11%) Docker
2 626 (10.00%) Active Directory
3 610 (9.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 210 (3.36%) Hyper-V
5 156 (2.49%) VMware ESXi
6 151 (2.41%) vSphere
7 140 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
8 77 (1.23%) Firmware
9 65 (1.04%) NFS
10 63 (1.01%) XenApp
11 62 (0.99%) KVM
12 47 (0.75%) Virtual Servers
13 37 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 30 (0.48%) VirtualBox
15 29 (0.46%) XenDesktop
16 28 (0.45%) Xen
17 25 (0.40%) iptables
18 23 (0.37%) Apache Flume
18 23 (0.37%) Samba
18 23 (0.37%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 824 (13.17%) Ansible
2 798 (12.75%) Kubernetes
3 619 (9.89%) Puppet
4 485 (7.75%) Terraform
5 390 (6.23%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (2.19%) SCCM
7 99 (1.58%) SCOM
8 85 (1.36%) Nagios
9 79 (1.26%) Grafana
10 73 (1.17%) WSUS
11 68 (1.09%) Packer
12 66 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
13 63 (1.01%) ZABBIX
14 51 (0.81%) Prometheus
15 47 (0.75%) Kibana
15 47 (0.75%) Salt
16 46 (0.73%) Red Hat Satellite
17 42 (0.67%) vCenter Server
18 40 (0.64%) logstash
18 40 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,033 (16.50%) Microsoft
2 909 (14.52%) VMware
3 597 (9.54%) Oracle
4 525 (8.39%) Red Hat
5 387 (6.18%) Cisco
6 249 (3.98%) Google
7 191 (3.05%) HP
8 174 (2.78%) IBM
9 155 (2.48%) SAP
10 142 (2.27%) Citrix
11 138 (2.20%) Atlassian
12 128 (2.05%) Juniper
13 115 (1.84%) Splunk
14 110 (1.76%) Zend
15 104 (1.66%) NetApp
16 84 (1.34%) Veeam
17 80 (1.28%) Dell
18 66 (1.05%) EMC
19 61 (0.97%) SolarWinds
20 59 (0.94%) Palo Alto