Period
to 17 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
17 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 19 16 17
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 6,934 9,157 10,392
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 9.73% 10.83% 10.52%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.48% 45.25% 42.73%
Number of salaries quoted 5,323 7,287 8,518
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £27,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,718 20,237 24,322
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 23.45% 23.93% 24.62%
Number of salaries quoted 13,282 15,855 20,142
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,594 £42,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.35% +5.00% +1.27%
10th Percentile £23,500 £23,750 £22,500
90th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £62,500
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +0.59%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 17 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -3 2,388 £47,500 -1.04% 484
North of England -7 1,251 £47,500 +4.40% 401
South West 0 1,112 £45,000 +5.88% 281
Midlands +4 826 £45,000 +4.05% 229
North West -7 752 £49,482 +7.68% 235
East of England +4 748 £47,500 -9.52% 310
West Midlands +6 569 £45,000 +4.05% 144
Yorkshire -10 408 £50,000 +7.53% 111
Scotland -5 363 £45,000 +1.69% 110
East Midlands -9 255 £45,000 - 85
Wales -5 207 £42,500 +6.25% 30
North East -12 91 £37,500 -16.67% 55
Northern Ireland -4 56 £32,500 -35.00% 17
South Coast +1 2 £67,500 +12.50%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,711 (39.10%) Windows
2 1,977 (28.51%) Python
3 1,830 (26.39%) Agile Software Development
4 1,629 (23.49%) AWS
5 1,562 (22.53%) DevOps
6 1,384 (19.96%) SQL
7 1,328 (19.15%) Java
8 1,284 (18.52%) Software Engineering
9 1,253 (18.07%) Unix
10 1,201 (17.32%) Azure
11 1,200 (17.31%) JavaScript
12 1,146 (16.53%) Microsoft
13 1,144 (16.50%) Docker
14 1,114 (16.07%) Git (software)
15 1,029 (14.84%) VMware
16 982 (14.16%) MySQL
17 978 (14.10%) C++
18 977 (14.09%) Bash Shell
19 957 (13.80%) Problem-Solving
20 954 (13.76%) PHP
21 896 (12.92%) Degree
22 885 (12.76%) Ansible
23 875 (12.62%) Windows Server
24 812 (11.71%) C
25 795 (11.47%) Finance
26 776 (11.19%) Kubernetes
27 759 (10.95%) Jenkins
28 733 (10.57%) Firewall
29 697 (10.05%) Puppet
30 692 (9.98%) HTML

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 443 (6.39%) Apache
2 215 (3.10%) IIS
3 188 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
3 188 (2.71%) Tomcat
4 141 (2.03%) MS Exchange
5 136 (1.96%) Confluence
5 136 (1.96%) nginx
6 128 (1.85%) JBoss
7 118 (1.70%) SharePoint
8 113 (1.63%) Apache Spark
9 111 (1.60%) OpenStack
10 104 (1.50%) WebSphere
11 80 (1.15%) WordPress
12 58 (0.84%) CMS
13 53 (0.76%) WebLogic
14 43 (0.62%) Apache Solr
15 38 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2013
16 37 (0.53%) Drupal
17 35 (0.50%) Exchange Server 2010
18 34 (0.49%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 177 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 41 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.17%) Simulink
7 9 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.13%) Sketch
8 4 (0.058%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.043%) Maya
9 3 (0.043%) PlantUML
10 2 (0.029%) 3ds Max
10 2 (0.029%) CINEMA 4D
10 2 (0.029%) InVision
10 2 (0.029%) LightWave 3D
10 2 (0.029%) MODO
10 2 (0.029%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.029%) Windchill
11 1 (0.014%) Avid Media Composer
11 1 (0.014%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 28 (0.40%) Magento
2 15 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
2 15 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 14 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 11 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
4 11 (0.16%) SAP CRM
5 10 (0.14%) CiviCRM
5 10 (0.14%) GoldMine
5 10 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
6 9 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
6 9 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
7 8 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
8 5 (0.072%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.058%) CA PPM
9 4 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.058%) SAP BPC
9 4 (0.058%) Workfront
10 3 (0.043%) SAP Hybris
11 2 (0.029%) assyst
11 2 (0.029%) SAP CO
Cloud Services
1 1,629 (23.49%) AWS
2 1,201 (17.32%) Azure
3 374 (5.39%) GCP
4 359 (5.18%) Office 365
5 331 (4.77%) SaaS
6 209 (3.01%) IaaS
7 184 (2.65%) GitHub
8 170 (2.45%) PaaS
9 136 (1.96%) AWS CloudFormation
10 114 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
11 112 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
12 103 (1.49%) OpenShift
13 94 (1.36%) Serverless
14 80 (1.15%) Amazon S3
15 68 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
16 67 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
17 42 (0.61%) npm
18 41 (0.59%) Amazon ECS
19 33 (0.48%) IBM Cloud
19 33 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 733 (10.57%) Firewall
2 571 (8.23%) TCP/IP
3 474 (6.84%) DNS
4 313 (4.51%) WAN
5 295 (4.25%) LAN
6 277 (3.99%) VPN
7 270 (3.89%) DHCP
8 259 (3.74%) Internet
9 203 (2.93%) SAN
10 167 (2.41%) Network Security
11 152 (2.19%) Wireless
12 145 (2.09%) HTTP
13 133 (1.92%) VoIP
14 109 (1.57%) BGP
15 107 (1.54%) VLAN
16 106 (1.53%) OSPF
17 90 (1.30%) SSL
18 74 (1.07%) MPLS
19 73 (1.05%) SMTP
20 72 (1.04%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 982 (14.16%) MySQL
2 646 (9.32%) SQL Server
3 316 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
4 274 (3.95%) MongoDB
5 266 (3.84%) Big Data
6 254 (3.66%) NoSQL
7 229 (3.30%) Relational Database
8 149 (2.15%) Oracle Database
9 129 (1.86%) Hadoop
10 112 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
11 90 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
11 90 (1.30%) RDBMS
12 89 (1.28%) Redis
13 78 (1.12%) MariaDB
14 63 (0.91%) Apache Hive
15 55 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 49 (0.71%) SAP HANA
17 41 (0.59%) Impala
18 40 (0.58%) DB2
19 37 (0.53%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,114 (16.07%) Git (software)
2 759 (10.95%) Jenkins
3 490 (7.07%) JIRA
4 184 (2.65%) Subversion
5 142 (2.05%) Selenium
6 138 (1.99%) Bitbucket
7 131 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 119 (1.72%) Maven
9 116 (1.67%) GitLab
10 99 (1.43%) JUnit
11 88 (1.27%) Cucumber
11 88 (1.27%) Visual Studio
12 76 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
13 65 (0.94%) Eclipse
14 52 (0.75%) JMeter
15 51 (0.74%) Artifactory
16 48 (0.69%) TeamCity
17 40 (0.58%) Gradle
18 38 (0.55%) Ant
18 38 (0.55%) Mercurial
General
1 795 (11.47%) Finance
2 353 (5.09%) Telecoms
3 329 (4.74%) Retail
4 323 (4.66%) Public Sector
5 246 (3.55%) Electronics
6 207 (2.99%) Marketing
7 189 (2.73%) Manufacturing
8 137 (1.98%) Automotive
9 123 (1.77%) Banking
10 112 (1.62%) Aerospace
11 108 (1.56%) Advertising
12 104 (1.50%) Games
13 91 (1.31%) Military
14 61 (0.88%) Legal
15 39 (0.56%) Law
16 34 (0.49%) Financial Institution
17 29 (0.42%) German Language
18 25 (0.36%) French Language
19 23 (0.33%) Back Office
20 18 (0.26%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,348 (19.44%) Developer
2 894 (12.89%) Software Engineer
3 725 (10.46%) DevOps Engineer
4 461 (6.65%) Analyst
5 429 (6.19%) PHP Developer
6 418 (6.03%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 385 (5.55%) Support Engineer
8 364 (5.25%) Administrator
9 361 (5.21%) Linux Engineer
10 285 (4.11%) Architect
11 270 (3.89%) Senior Developer
12 265 (3.82%) Consultant
13 262 (3.78%) Senior Software Engineer
14 258 (3.72%) Software Developer
15 231 (3.33%) C++ Software Engineer
16 225 (3.24%) Embedded Engineer
17 217 (3.13%) Systems Engineer
18 211 (3.04%) IT Engineer
19 209 (3.01%) IT Support
20 205 (2.96%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 692 (9.98%) HTML
2 623 (8.98%) CSS
3 524 (7.56%) Web Services
4 366 (5.28%) LAMP
5 333 (4.80%) .NET
6 325 (4.69%) AngularJS
7 318 (4.59%) Node.js
8 296 (4.27%) Laravel
8 296 (4.27%) REST
9 293 (4.23%) jQuery
10 273 (3.94%) Spring
11 250 (3.61%) React
12 248 (3.58%) HTML5
13 240 (3.46%) RESTful
14 199 (2.87%) JSON
15 193 (2.78%) XML
16 188 (2.71%) Middleware
17 183 (2.64%) SOAP
18 161 (2.32%) Elastic Stack
19 143 (2.06%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 642 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
2 407 (5.87%) Data Centre
3 271 (3.91%) Management Information System
4 265 (3.82%) Linux Command Line
4 265 (3.82%) Self-Motivation
5 231 (3.33%) Public Cloud
6 220 (3.17%) User Experience
7 187 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
8 141 (2.03%) Mobile App
9 128 (1.85%) Algorithms
10 127 (1.83%) Embedded Systems
11 116 (1.67%) Replication
12 103 (1.49%) Clustering
13 102 (1.47%) Private Cloud
14 86 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
15 79 (1.14%) Virtual Team
16 77 (1.11%) Hybrid Cloud
17 65 (0.94%) Driving Licence
18 64 (0.92%) Client/Server
19 55 (0.79%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 2,711 (39.10%) Windows
2 1,253 (18.07%) Unix
3 875 (12.62%) Windows Server
4 482 (6.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 387 (5.58%) CentOS
6 259 (3.74%) Ubuntu
7 249 (3.59%) Windows Server 2012
8 187 (2.70%) Android
9 167 (2.41%) Debian
10 144 (2.08%) Windows Server 2008
11 141 (2.03%) Solaris
12 132 (1.90%) Apple iOS
13 127 (1.83%) Embedded Linux
14 115 (1.66%) Windows 10
14 115 (1.66%) Windows 7
15 103 (1.49%) Mac OS
16 95 (1.37%) AIX
17 56 (0.81%) OS/400
18 52 (0.75%) Windows 8
19 51 (0.74%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,830 (26.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1,562 (22.53%) DevOps
3 1,284 (18.52%) Software Engineering
4 957 (13.80%) Problem-Solving
5 629 (9.07%) ITIL
6 577 (8.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 575 (8.29%) Continuous Integration
8 564 (8.13%) Test Automation
9 538 (7.76%) Configuration Management
10 531 (7.66%) Computer Science
11 527 (7.60%) OO
12 500 (7.21%) Scrum
13 498 (7.18%) Cybersecurity
14 449 (6.48%) Mentoring
15 397 (5.73%) TDD
16 395 (5.70%) MVC
17 389 (5.61%) Open Source
18 351 (5.06%) SDLC
19 310 (4.47%) Microservices
20 299 (4.31%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,977 (28.51%) Python
2 1,384 (19.96%) SQL
3 1,328 (19.15%) Java
4 1,200 (17.31%) JavaScript
5 978 (14.10%) C++
6 977 (14.09%) Bash Shell
7 954 (13.76%) PHP
8 812 (11.71%) C
9 610 (8.80%) PowerShell
10 527 (7.60%) C#
11 449 (6.48%) Perl
12 396 (5.71%) Ruby
13 379 (5.47%) Shell Script
14 202 (2.91%) Go
15 128 (1.85%) PL/SQL
16 97 (1.40%) PHP 7
17 86 (1.24%) Embedded C
18 73 (1.05%) TypeScript
19 59 (0.85%) Scala
20 54 (0.78%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 896 (12.92%) Degree
2 608 (8.77%) Security Cleared
3 352 (5.08%) SC Cleared
4 235 (3.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 217 (3.13%) Cisco Certification
6 216 (3.12%) DV Cleared
7 183 (2.64%) Microsoft Certification
8 177 (2.55%) CCNA
9 128 (1.85%) MCSE
10 122 (1.76%) CCNP
11 118 (1.70%) CISSP
12 79 (1.14%) RHCE
13 61 (0.88%) AWS Certification
13 61 (0.88%) MCSA
14 58 (0.84%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 50 (0.72%) SSCP
16 48 (0.69%) ISTQB
17 47 (0.68%) GIAC
18 46 (0.66%) MCP
19 45 (0.65%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 266 (3.84%) QA
2 239 (3.45%) SLA
3 152 (2.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 61 (0.88%) GDPR
5 50 (0.72%) PCI DSS
6 34 (0.49%) NIST
7 26 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 25 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials
9 21 (0.30%) ISO 9001
10 9 (0.13%) PSD2
11 8 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 8 (0.12%) ISO 26262
11 8 (0.12%) NCSC
12 7 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
12 7 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 7 (0.10%) ISO 22301
12 7 (0.10%) JSP 440
13 6 (0.087%) MISRA
14 5 (0.072%) ECSS
14 5 (0.072%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,144 (16.50%) Docker
2 681 (9.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 677 (9.76%) Active Directory
4 261 (3.76%) Hyper-V
5 158 (2.28%) VMware ESXi
6 157 (2.26%) vSphere
7 142 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
8 85 (1.23%) Firmware
9 83 (1.20%) XenApp
10 73 (1.05%) NFS
11 61 (0.88%) Virtual Servers
12 58 (0.84%) KVM
13 45 (0.65%) XenDesktop
14 36 (0.52%) Xen
15 35 (0.50%) VirtualBox
16 31 (0.45%) Apache Flume
16 31 (0.45%) Microsoft App-V
16 31 (0.45%) vCloud
17 29 (0.42%) VMware NSX
18 24 (0.35%) Samba
Systems Management
1 885 (12.76%) Ansible
2 776 (11.19%) Kubernetes
3 697 (10.05%) Puppet
4 466 (6.72%) Terraform
5 424 (6.11%) Opscode Chef
6 205 (2.96%) SCCM
7 148 (2.13%) SCOM
8 116 (1.67%) Nagios
9 77 (1.11%) WSUS
10 74 (1.07%) Grafana
11 72 (1.04%) Kibana
12 69 (1.00%) ZABBIX
13 65 (0.94%) Docker Swarm
14 63 (0.91%) Prometheus
15 56 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
16 53 (0.76%) logstash
16 53 (0.76%) Packer
17 47 (0.68%) HAProxy
17 47 (0.68%) Red Hat Satellite
18 46 (0.66%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,146 (16.53%) Microsoft
2 1,029 (14.84%) VMware
3 686 (9.89%) Oracle
4 586 (8.45%) Red Hat
5 477 (6.88%) Cisco
6 294 (4.24%) Google
7 227 (3.27%) IBM
8 213 (3.07%) Citrix
9 204 (2.94%) SAP
10 193 (2.78%) Splunk
11 161 (2.32%) HP
12 126 (1.82%) NetApp
13 125 (1.80%) Juniper
13 125 (1.80%) Zend
14 122 (1.76%) Atlassian
15 95 (1.37%) Dell
16 91 (1.31%) WorldPay
17 85 (1.23%) EMC
18 84 (1.21%) Veeam
19 80 (1.15%) SolarWinds