Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 17 17
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 9,697 10,583 11,709
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.66% 10.64% 10.70%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.25% 43.14% 43.42%
Number of salaries quoted 7,697 8,741 9,667
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £44,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,431 24,534 26,968
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 23.55% 24.66% 24.63%
Number of salaries quoted 16,974 20,453 22,562
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,500 £40,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.25% - -
10th Percentile £23,000 £22,500 £22,500
90th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £61,250
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 3,381 £48,000 +6.67% 511
North of England +1 2,016 £45,000 +5.88% 416
South West +3 1,338 £42,500 - 312
North West +7 1,145 £45,000 +5.88% 201
East of England +1 1,120 £52,500 +5.00% 379
Midlands +2 926 £42,500 +6.25% 219
Yorkshire -7 726 £45,000 +5.88% 154
Scotland +1 596 £44,500 +11.25% 100
West Midlands +3 579 £42,500 +6.25% 137
East Midlands +3 342 £42,500 +13.33% 82
Wales +4 241 £40,000 -5.88% 45
North East +3 143 £45,000 +5.88% 61
Northern Ireland +11 85 £50,000 +25.00% 28
Channel Islands -6 7 £29,750 -8.46% 1
Isle of Man - 6 £37,500 -
South Coast - 4 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,716 (38.32%) Windows
2 2,984 (30.77%) Python
3 2,778 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
4 2,437 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
5 2,431 (25.07%) Java
6 2,304 (23.76%) DevOps
7 2,169 (22.37%) SQL
8 1,833 (18.90%) Unix
9 1,748 (18.03%) JavaScript
10 1,741 (17.95%) Software Engineering
11 1,708 (17.61%) Git (software)
12 1,593 (16.43%) MySQL
13 1,583 (16.32%) Degree
14 1,531 (15.79%) VMware
15 1,525 (15.73%) Microsoft
16 1,521 (15.69%) Microsoft Azure
17 1,436 (14.81%) C++
17 1,436 (14.81%) Docker
18 1,370 (14.13%) Puppet
19 1,367 (14.10%) Jenkins
20 1,324 (13.65%) Ansible
21 1,302 (13.43%) Bash Shell
22 1,214 (12.52%) HTML
23 1,170 (12.07%) PHP
24 1,160 (11.96%) Oracle
25 1,117 (11.52%) Finance
26 1,053 (10.86%) Continuous Integration
27 1,034 (10.66%) SQL Server
28 1,016 (10.48%) CSS
28 1,016 (10.48%) Problem-Solving

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 804 (8.29%) Apache
2 391 (4.03%) Tomcat
3 370 (3.82%) Elasticsearch
4 341 (3.52%) IIS
5 325 (3.35%) Confluence
6 278 (2.87%) JBoss
7 250 (2.58%) nginx
8 205 (2.11%) MS Exchange
9 192 (1.98%) WebLogic
10 171 (1.76%) OpenStack
11 156 (1.61%) WebSphere
12 140 (1.44%) Apache Spark
12 140 (1.44%) CMS
13 138 (1.42%) SharePoint
14 99 (1.02%) WordPress
15 82 (0.85%) Apache Solr
16 70 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 51 (0.53%) Skype for Business
18 50 (0.52%) Apache Pig
19 46 (0.47%) CloudStack
Applications
1 214 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
2 126 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 83 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
4 37 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 32 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
6 23 (0.24%) Photoshop
7 12 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 11 (0.11%) Simulink
9 9 (0.093%) RoboHelp
10 8 (0.082%) Weka
11 6 (0.062%) HipChat
12 4 (0.041%) EngageOne
12 4 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
13 3 (0.031%) GIMP
13 3 (0.031%) Stateflow
13 3 (0.031%) TargetLink
14 2 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.021%) Chatbot
14 2 (0.021%) Inkscape
14 2 (0.021%) InVision
Business Applications
1 68 (0.70%) Magento
2 37 (0.38%) Payment Gateway
3 18 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
4 17 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.10%) Odoo
6 9 (0.093%) Dynamics CRM
7 8 (0.082%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.052%) CiviCRM
10 5 (0.052%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.052%) Unit4 Business World
11 4 (0.041%) Oracle EBS R12
11 4 (0.041%) Relativity
11 4 (0.041%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
11 4 (0.041%) SAP S/4HANA
11 4 (0.041%) Scribe Insight
11 4 (0.041%) Shopify
11 4 (0.041%) Teamcenter
12 3 (0.031%) Documaker
Cloud Services
1 2,437 (25.13%) Amazon AWS
2 1,521 (15.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 391 (4.03%) SaaS
4 352 (3.63%) Google Cloud Platform
5 314 (3.24%) GitHub
6 308 (3.18%) Office 365
7 275 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 226 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
9 223 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
10 170 (1.75%) Amazon S3
11 160 (1.65%) IaaS
12 132 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 131 (1.35%) PaaS
14 99 (1.02%) Serverless
15 92 (0.95%) Azure Active Directory
16 83 (0.86%) OpenShift
17 78 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
18 72 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
19 54 (0.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 43 (0.44%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 851 (8.78%) Firewall
2 711 (7.33%) TCP/IP
3 607 (6.26%) DNS
4 366 (3.77%) Internet
5 362 (3.73%) Network Security
6 306 (3.16%) DHCP
6 306 (3.16%) VPN
7 291 (3.00%) SAN
8 283 (2.92%) WAN
9 277 (2.86%) LAN
10 268 (2.76%) HTTP
11 218 (2.25%) VoIP
12 209 (2.16%) Wireless
13 197 (2.03%) Wi-Fi
14 184 (1.90%) SSL
15 163 (1.68%) VLAN
16 98 (1.01%) BGP
17 97 (1.00%) SSH
18 92 (0.95%) MPLS
19 90 (0.93%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,593 (16.43%) MySQL
2 1,034 (10.66%) SQL Server
3 552 (5.69%) PostgreSQL
4 534 (5.51%) NoSQL
5 519 (5.35%) Relational Database
6 505 (5.21%) MongoDB
7 471 (4.86%) Big Data
8 374 (3.86%) Oracle Database
9 254 (2.62%) Hadoop
10 225 (2.32%) RDBMS
11 204 (2.10%) Amazon RDS
12 185 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
13 160 (1.65%) Redis
14 142 (1.46%) MariaDB
15 140 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
16 126 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 126 (1.30%) Apache Hive
17 122 (1.26%) Oracle Database 11g
18 118 (1.22%) DB2
19 98 (1.01%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 1,708 (17.61%) Git (software)
2 1,367 (14.10%) Jenkins
3 797 (8.22%) JIRA
4 429 (4.42%) Subversion
5 352 (3.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 346 (3.57%) Maven
7 278 (2.87%) TeamCity
8 248 (2.56%) Selenium
9 243 (2.51%) Bitbucket
10 238 (2.45%) JUnit
11 215 (2.22%) Visual Studio
12 188 (1.94%) Octopus Deploy
13 167 (1.72%) Eclipse
14 153 (1.58%) GitLab
15 141 (1.45%) Vagrant
16 138 (1.42%) Cucumber
17 121 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
18 101 (1.04%) Team Foundation Server
19 91 (0.94%) Gradle
20 88 (0.91%) PHPUnit
General
1 1,117 (11.52%) Finance
2 383 (3.95%) Retail
3 351 (3.62%) Telecoms
4 289 (2.98%) Marketing
5 285 (2.94%) Electronics
6 220 (2.27%) Manufacturing
7 218 (2.25%) Banking
8 183 (1.89%) Games
9 156 (1.61%) Automotive
10 132 (1.36%) Legal
11 100 (1.03%) Law
12 67 (0.69%) Aerospace
13 64 (0.66%) Advertising
14 60 (0.62%) Investment Banking
14 60 (0.62%) Military
15 52 (0.54%) French Language
15 52 (0.54%) German Language
16 36 (0.37%) Financial Institution
17 34 (0.35%) Publishing
18 28 (0.29%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,247 (23.17%) Developer
2 1,201 (12.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,015 (10.47%) Software Engineer
4 726 (7.49%) Linux Engineer
5 694 (7.16%) Administrator
6 650 (6.70%) Analyst
7 617 (6.36%) Java Developer
8 473 (4.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 468 (4.83%) Support Engineer
10 461 (4.75%) PHP Developer
11 447 (4.61%) Software Developer
12 420 (4.33%) Systems Administrator
13 357 (3.68%) Senior Developer
14 348 (3.59%) Architect
15 345 (3.56%) Linux Administrator
16 318 (3.28%) Cloud Engineer
17 306 (3.16%) C++ Software Engineer
17 306 (3.16%) DBA
18 303 (3.12%) Systems Engineer
19 294 (3.03%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,214 (12.52%) HTML
2 1,016 (10.48%) CSS
3 795 (8.20%) Web Services
4 626 (6.46%) Spring
5 531 (5.48%) jQuery
6 504 (5.20%) Node.js
7 480 (4.95%) LAMP
8 472 (4.87%) AngularJS
9 466 (4.81%) .NET
10 424 (4.37%) XML
11 420 (4.33%) REST
12 365 (3.76%) HTML5
13 345 (3.56%) RESTful
14 332 (3.42%) JSON
15 292 (3.01%) SOAP
16 291 (3.00%) React
17 267 (2.75%) Java EE
18 266 (2.74%) Middleware
19 250 (2.58%) Hibernate
20 245 (2.53%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 870 (8.97%) Computer Science
2 547 (5.64%) Analytical Skills
3 463 (4.77%) Data Centre
4 420 (4.33%) Linux Command Line
5 378 (3.90%) Management Information System
6 287 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
7 245 (2.53%) Public Cloud
8 229 (2.36%) User Experience
9 224 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
10 184 (1.90%) Fintech
10 184 (1.90%) Mobile App
11 180 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
11 180 (1.86%) Private Cloud
12 165 (1.70%) Algorithms
13 163 (1.68%) Replication
14 151 (1.56%) Embedded Systems
15 136 (1.40%) Clustering
16 123 (1.27%) Robotics
17 106 (1.09%) Cyber Kill Chain
18 92 (0.95%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 3,716 (38.32%) Windows
2 1,833 (18.90%) Unix
3 1,003 (10.34%) Windows Server
4 862 (8.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 650 (6.70%) CentOS
6 446 (4.60%) Ubuntu
7 370 (3.82%) Windows Server 2012
8 317 (3.27%) Windows Server 2008
9 306 (3.16%) Android
10 239 (2.46%) Apple iOS
11 228 (2.35%) Debian
12 226 (2.33%) Windows 10
13 217 (2.24%) AIX
14 216 (2.23%) Solaris
15 182 (1.88%) Embedded Linux
16 178 (1.84%) Windows 7
17 159 (1.64%) Mac OS X
18 116 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
19 90 (0.93%) Mac OS
20 82 (0.85%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,778 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
2 2,304 (23.76%) DevOps
3 1,741 (17.95%) Software Engineering
4 1,053 (10.86%) Continuous Integration
5 1,016 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
6 935 (9.64%) Configuration Management
7 871 (8.98%) Scrum
8 805 (8.30%) Test Automation
9 797 (8.22%) ITIL
10 758 (7.82%) Open Source
11 675 (6.96%) OO
12 643 (6.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 611 (6.30%) TDD
14 576 (5.94%) Mentoring
15 536 (5.53%) Web Development
16 489 (5.04%) MVC
17 454 (4.68%) Cybersecurity
18 449 (4.63%) Information Security
19 431 (4.44%) Microservices
20 415 (4.28%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,984 (30.77%) Python
2 2,431 (25.07%) Java
3 2,169 (22.37%) SQL
4 1,748 (18.03%) JavaScript
5 1,436 (14.81%) C++
6 1,302 (13.43%) Bash Shell
7 1,170 (12.07%) PHP
8 982 (10.13%) C
9 822 (8.48%) C#
10 784 (8.08%) Ruby
11 753 (7.77%) PowerShell
12 679 (7.00%) Perl
13 565 (5.83%) Shell Script
14 259 (2.67%) Go
15 201 (2.07%) PL/SQL
16 174 (1.79%) Java 8
17 154 (1.59%) Embedded C
18 107 (1.10%) Groovy
19 105 (1.08%) Scala
20 82 (0.85%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 1,583 (16.32%) Degree
2 599 (6.18%) Security Cleared
3 379 (3.91%) CISSP
4 348 (3.59%) Cisco Certification
5 338 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 318 (3.28%) SC Cleared
7 259 (2.67%) Microsoft Certification
8 235 (2.42%) DV Cleared
9 231 (2.38%) CCNA
10 166 (1.71%) SANS
11 149 (1.54%) MCSE
12 112 (1.15%) AWS Certification
13 104 (1.07%) SSCP
14 101 (1.04%) MCSA
15 97 (1.00%) RHCE
16 96 (0.99%) CREST Certified
17 91 (0.94%) CCNP
18 86 (0.89%) CISM
19 80 (0.82%) (ISC)2 CCSP
20 74 (0.76%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 370 (3.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 322 (3.32%) QA
3 285 (2.94%) SLA
4 199 (2.05%) GDPR
5 193 (1.99%) PCI DSS
6 41 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
7 33 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 31 (0.32%) ISO 9001
9 22 (0.23%) PMO
10 17 (0.18%) FISMA
11 15 (0.15%) ISO 22301
11 15 (0.15%) MISRA
12 14 (0.14%) ECSS
12 14 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 13 (0.13%) COBIT
13 13 (0.13%) MISRA C
14 12 (0.12%) JTAG
15 11 (0.11%) Data Quality
16 10 (0.10%) PSD2
17 9 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,436 (14.81%) Docker
2 1,007 (10.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 967 (9.97%) Active Directory
4 408 (4.21%) Hyper-V
5 279 (2.88%) VMware ESXi
6 240 (2.47%) vSphere
7 203 (2.09%) Virtual Machines
8 109 (1.12%) Firmware
9 81 (0.84%) KVM
9 81 (0.84%) VirtualBox
10 80 (0.82%) NFS
11 77 (0.79%) Oracle RAC
12 73 (0.75%) Xen
13 58 (0.60%) VMware NSX
13 58 (0.60%) XenApp
14 57 (0.59%) HDFS
15 52 (0.54%) LXC
16 51 (0.53%) Virtual Servers
17 47 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 41 (0.42%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1,370 (14.13%) Puppet
2 1,324 (13.65%) Ansible
3 886 (9.14%) Opscode Chef
4 716 (7.38%) Kubernetes
5 522 (5.38%) Terraform
6 206 (2.12%) Nagios
7 159 (1.64%) Salt
8 149 (1.54%) ZABBIX
9 125 (1.29%) Packer
10 123 (1.27%) SCCM
11 105 (1.08%) Prometheus
12 102 (1.05%) vCenter Server
13 99 (1.02%) Grafana
14 97 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
15 80 (0.82%) Kibana
16 72 (0.74%) Data Guard
16 72 (0.74%) Graphite
16 72 (0.74%) HAProxy
17 70 (0.72%) Cobbler
17 70 (0.72%) Consul
Vendors
1 1,531 (15.79%) VMware
2 1,525 (15.73%) Microsoft
3 1,160 (11.96%) Oracle
4 961 (9.91%) Red Hat
5 657 (6.78%) Cisco
6 361 (3.72%) Google
7 253 (2.61%) IBM
8 222 (2.29%) Citrix
9 213 (2.20%) HP
10 197 (2.03%) Splunk
11 170 (1.75%) NetApp
12 167 (1.72%) Atlassian
13 151 (1.56%) EMC
14 144 (1.48%) New Relic
15 143 (1.47%) SAP
16 135 (1.39%) Juniper
16 135 (1.39%) SolarWinds
17 126 (1.30%) ServiceNow
18 113 (1.17%) CheckPoint
19 94 (0.97%) Symantec