Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 19 17
Rank change year-on-year 0 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 3,668 6,930 9,122
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.19% 9.72% 10.82%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.87% 41.46% 45.15%
Number of salaries quoted 3,621 5,735 7,705
Median annual salary £49,500 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.21% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £32,500 £28,250 £28,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £54,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +8.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 8,175 16,713 20,206
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 22.70% 23.45% 23.97%
Number of salaries quoted 6,659 13,469 16,074
Median annual salary £45,000 £41,000 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.76% -2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £25,750 £23,500 £23,750
90th Percentile £66,250 £66,250 £65,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -2 927 £52,000 +9.47% 224
North of England +5 868 £47,500 -5.00% 233
South West +1 690 £47,500 +5.56% 138
Midlands +5 463 £50,000 +8.70% 131
North West +4 458 £47,500 -5.00% 132
Yorkshire +5 325 £47,500 -5.00% 78
Scotland +9 321 £47,500 +5.56% 73
West Midlands 0 318 £52,500 +10.53% 71
East of England -3 300 £55,000 +11.11% 146
East Midlands +4 144 £47,500 +5.56% 59
North East +14 85 £55,000 +46.67% 23
Northern Ireland +12 70 £42,500 +21.43% 26
Wales -13 59 £47,500 +11.76% 25
Isle of Man - 1 - -
Channel Islands - 1 £36,000 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,274 (34.73%) DevOps
2 1,205 (32.85%) AWS
3 1,128 (30.75%) Python
4 1,125 (30.67%) Windows
5 1,072 (29.23%) Agile Software Development
6 973 (26.53%) Docker
7 849 (23.15%) Git (software)
8 763 (20.80%) Terraform
9 732 (19.96%) SQL
10 698 (19.03%) Kubernetes
11 695 (18.95%) Azure
12 668 (18.21%) Ansible
13 654 (17.83%) JavaScript
14 651 (17.75%) Software Engineering
15 618 (16.85%) Java
16 568 (15.49%) VMware
17 542 (14.78%) Puppet
18 515 (14.04%) Microsoft
19 510 (13.90%) HTML
20 505 (13.77%) Problem-Solving
21 491 (13.39%) MySQL
22 480 (13.09%) Bash Shell
23 464 (12.65%) C++
24 453 (12.35%) PHP
25 439 (11.97%) Unix
26 427 (11.64%) Jenkins
27 425 (11.59%) Scrum
28 422 (11.50%) CSS
28 422 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure
29 414 (11.29%) Degree

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (6.65%) Apache
2 167 (4.55%) Confluence
3 100 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
4 74 (2.02%) IIS
5 73 (1.99%) nginx
6 58 (1.58%) Tomcat
7 57 (1.55%) MS Exchange
8 50 (1.36%) WordPress
9 48 (1.31%) CMS
10 44 (1.20%) SharePoint
11 42 (1.15%) OpenStack
12 29 (0.79%) Apache Spark
13 26 (0.71%) WebLogic
14 24 (0.65%) JBoss
15 20 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2013
16 19 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
17 18 (0.49%) Skype for Business
18 14 (0.38%) Red Hat Fuse
19 13 (0.35%) Mule
20 12 (0.33%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 59 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
3 13 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.25%) Simulink
5 8 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 8 (0.22%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.14%) Adobe XD
8 4 (0.11%) Gliffy
9 1 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.027%) Quicktime
9 1 (0.027%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 39 (1.06%) Magento
2 22 (0.60%) OpenCart
3 9 (0.25%) Workfront
4 8 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
5 7 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
6 6 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.16%) Shopify
7 5 (0.14%) JDE OneWorld
7 5 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
8 4 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
8 4 (0.11%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.082%) FLEXCUBE
9 3 (0.082%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.082%) Oracle 11i
9 3 (0.082%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.055%) SAP Business One
10 2 (0.055%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,205 (32.85%) AWS
2 695 (18.95%) Azure
3 261 (7.12%) AWS CloudFormation
4 180 (4.91%) GCP
5 178 (4.85%) SaaS
6 166 (4.53%) Office 365
7 129 (3.52%) PaaS
8 126 (3.44%) Amazon EC2
9 123 (3.35%) Amazon EKS
10 117 (3.19%) Serverless
11 116 (3.16%) GitHub
12 89 (2.43%) IaaS
13 87 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
14 81 (2.21%) Amazon S3
15 75 (2.04%) OpenShift
16 66 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
17 55 (1.50%) Azure Active Directory
18 54 (1.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 49 (1.34%) Pulumi
19 49 (1.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 330 (9.00%) Firewall
2 255 (6.95%) TCP/IP
3 211 (5.75%) DNS
4 132 (3.60%) VPN
5 119 (3.24%) DHCP
6 116 (3.16%) WAN
7 110 (3.00%) LAN
8 91 (2.48%) HTTP
9 84 (2.29%) Internet
10 77 (2.10%) SAN
11 67 (1.83%) Network Security
12 65 (1.77%) Wi-Fi
13 62 (1.69%) VLAN
14 60 (1.64%) Wireless
15 59 (1.61%) SSL
16 55 (1.50%) IPv4
16 55 (1.50%) VoIP
17 51 (1.39%) Intrusion Detection
18 42 (1.15%) Ethernet
19 40 (1.09%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 491 (13.39%) MySQL
2 278 (7.58%) SQL Server
3 186 (5.07%) PostgreSQL
4 152 (4.14%) NoSQL
5 150 (4.09%) Relational Database
6 107 (2.92%) MongoDB
7 82 (2.24%) Big Data
8 69 (1.88%) Oracle Database
9 68 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
10 54 (1.47%) Redis
11 44 (1.20%) Hadoop
12 37 (1.01%) RDBMS
13 33 (0.90%) Data Warehouse
14 31 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 28 (0.76%) MariaDB
16 27 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
17 24 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 23 (0.63%) Oracle Reports
19 18 (0.49%) Oracle Database 11g
20 17 (0.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 849 (23.15%) Git (software)
2 427 (11.64%) Jenkins
3 299 (8.15%) JIRA
4 160 (4.36%) GitLab
5 110 (3.00%) Bitbucket
6 96 (2.62%) TeamCity
7 74 (2.02%) Maven
8 67 (1.83%) Octopus Deploy
9 66 (1.80%) Selenium
10 62 (1.69%) Subversion
11 61 (1.66%) JUnit
12 45 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 28 (0.76%) Eclipse
14 27 (0.74%) Oracle APEX
15 25 (0.68%) Visual Studio
16 23 (0.63%) Artifactory
16 23 (0.63%) Gradle
17 21 (0.57%) IntelliJ
17 21 (0.57%) Team Foundation Server
18 20 (0.55%) webpack
General
1 312 (8.51%) Finance
2 176 (4.80%) Public Sector
3 131 (3.57%) Electronics
4 129 (3.52%) Telecoms
5 128 (3.49%) Marketing
6 113 (3.08%) Law
7 107 (2.92%) Retail
8 101 (2.75%) Manufacturing
9 98 (2.67%) Games
10 51 (1.39%) Banking
11 41 (1.12%) Aerospace
12 40 (1.09%) Legal
13 28 (0.76%) Military
14 26 (0.71%) Advertising
14 26 (0.71%) Automotive
15 21 (0.57%) Publishing
16 18 (0.49%) Financial Institution
17 17 (0.46%) German Language
18 13 (0.35%) French Language
19 11 (0.30%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 802 (21.86%) Developer
2 754 (20.56%) DevOps Engineer
3 382 (10.41%) Software Engineer
4 339 (9.24%) AWS Engineer
5 333 (9.08%) Linux Engineer
6 287 (7.82%) AWS DevOps
7 281 (7.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 236 (6.43%) PHP Developer
9 204 (5.56%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 140 (3.82%) Cloud Engineer
11 137 (3.74%) Administrator
11 137 (3.74%) Software Developer
12 127 (3.46%) Senior Developer
13 126 (3.44%) Java Developer
13 126 (3.44%) Senior DevOps
14 121 (3.30%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 120 (3.27%) Senior Software Engineer
16 117 (3.19%) IT Engineer
17 115 (3.14%) Platform Engineer
18 113 (3.08%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 510 (13.90%) HTML
2 422 (11.50%) CSS
3 227 (6.19%) Node.js
4 208 (5.67%) Web Services
5 183 (4.99%) HTML5
6 168 (4.58%) REST
7 156 (4.25%) jQuery
8 151 (4.12%) RESTful
9 141 (3.84%) AngularJS
10 132 (3.60%) LAMP
11 130 (3.54%) React
12 128 (3.49%) .NET
13 118 (3.22%) JSON
14 114 (3.11%) Kafka
15 110 (3.00%) Laravel
16 94 (2.56%) Spring
17 91 (2.48%) Vue.js
18 89 (2.43%) SOAP
19 80 (2.18%) Elastic Stack
20 72 (1.96%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 260 (7.09%) Analytical Skills
2 150 (4.09%) Linux Command Line
3 133 (3.63%) Data Centre
4 129 (3.52%) Greenfield Project
5 125 (3.41%) Public Cloud
6 111 (3.03%) Management Information System
7 87 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
8 83 (2.26%) Algorithms
9 66 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
10 62 (1.69%) Embedded Systems
11 58 (1.58%) Mobile App
12 57 (1.55%) Cloud Native
13 54 (1.47%) Clustering
14 51 (1.39%) PKI
15 50 (1.36%) Enterprise Cloud
16 38 (1.04%) Device Driver
17 37 (1.01%) Data Structures
18 35 (0.95%) User Experience
19 29 (0.79%) Private Cloud
20 27 (0.74%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,125 (30.67%) Windows
2 439 (11.97%) Unix
3 330 (9.00%) CentOS
4 307 (8.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 298 (8.12%) Windows Server
6 203 (5.53%) Ubuntu
7 89 (2.43%) Windows Server 2012
8 88 (2.40%) Windows Server 2016
9 62 (1.69%) Android
10 58 (1.58%) Solaris
10 58 (1.58%) Windows 10
11 52 (1.42%) Debian
11 52 (1.42%) Embedded Linux
12 48 (1.31%) Apple iOS
13 35 (0.95%) AIX
14 33 (0.90%) Windows Server 2008
15 31 (0.85%) Windows 7
16 26 (0.71%) Mac OS
16 26 (0.71%) Windows Server 2019
17 22 (0.60%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,274 (34.73%) DevOps
2 1,072 (29.23%) Agile Software Development
3 651 (17.75%) Software Engineering
4 505 (13.77%) Problem-Solving
5 425 (11.59%) Scrum
6 385 (10.50%) Configuration Management
7 380 (10.36%) Continuous Integration
8 301 (8.21%) Infrastructure as Code
9 282 (7.69%) Computer Science
9 282 (7.69%) Microservices
10 255 (6.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 251 (6.84%) Deployment Automation
12 250 (6.82%) Test Automation
13 224 (6.11%) Migration
13 224 (6.11%) OO
14 214 (5.83%) ITIL
15 205 (5.59%) Cybersecurity
16 201 (5.48%) Analytics
17 195 (5.32%) Open Source
18 192 (5.23%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,128 (30.75%) Python
2 732 (19.96%) SQL
3 654 (17.83%) JavaScript
4 618 (16.85%) Java
5 480 (13.09%) Bash Shell
6 464 (12.65%) C++
7 453 (12.35%) PHP
8 408 (11.12%) PowerShell
9 329 (8.97%) C
10 268 (7.31%) C#
11 229 (6.24%) Go
12 183 (4.99%) Ruby
13 163 (4.44%) Perl
14 148 (4.03%) Shell Script
15 73 (1.99%) T-SQL
16 70 (1.91%) PL/SQL
17 50 (1.36%) Embedded C
18 49 (1.34%) Java 8
19 47 (1.28%) TypeScript
20 33 (0.90%) Scala
Qualifications
1 414 (11.29%) Degree
2 300 (8.18%) Security Cleared
3 207 (5.64%) SC Cleared
4 124 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 119 (3.24%) Microsoft Certification
6 98 (2.67%) AWS Certification
7 88 (2.40%) Cisco Certification
8 81 (2.21%) MCSE
9 76 (2.07%) CCNA
10 69 (1.88%) MCSA
11 54 (1.47%) DV Cleared
12 43 (1.17%) RHCE
13 40 (1.09%) CCNP
14 39 (1.06%) PhD
15 29 (0.79%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 28 (0.76%) Linux+ Certification
17 26 (0.71%) Network+ Certification
18 25 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
19 20 (0.55%) CISSP
20 17 (0.46%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 157 (4.28%) QA
2 81 (2.21%) SLA
3 66 (1.80%) GDPR
4 53 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 33 (0.90%) PCI DSS
6 17 (0.46%) ISO 9001
6 17 (0.46%) NIST
7 16 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
8 13 (0.35%) HIPAA
8 13 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 11 (0.30%) NIST 800
10 10 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 9 (0.25%) PMBOK
12 7 (0.19%) PMO
13 4 (0.11%) Def Stans
13 4 (0.11%) OpenSCAP
14 3 (0.082%) COBIT
14 3 (0.082%) MISRA
14 3 (0.082%) MISRA C
14 3 (0.082%) NCSC
System Software
1 973 (26.53%) Docker
2 422 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 308 (8.40%) Active Directory
4 161 (4.39%) Hyper-V
5 121 (3.30%) VMware ESXi
6 93 (2.54%) vSphere
7 58 (1.58%) Firmware
8 54 (1.47%) Virtual Servers
9 42 (1.15%) Virtual Machines
10 35 (0.95%) KVM
11 32 (0.87%) Xen
12 29 (0.79%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 23 (0.63%) VirtualBox
14 21 (0.57%) VMware NSX
15 18 (0.49%) Oracle RAC
16 17 (0.46%) XenDesktop
17 16 (0.44%) XenApp
18 15 (0.41%) Ceph
19 13 (0.35%) BitLocker
20 10 (0.27%) Kamailio
Systems Management
1 763 (20.80%) Terraform
2 698 (19.03%) Kubernetes
3 668 (18.21%) Ansible
4 542 (14.78%) Puppet
5 355 (9.68%) Opscode Chef
6 94 (2.56%) SCCM
7 85 (2.32%) Prometheus
8 67 (1.83%) Nagios
9 59 (1.61%) ZABBIX
10 49 (1.34%) Grafana
11 45 (1.23%) Graphite
12 36 (0.98%) SCOM
13 31 (0.85%) Rancher
14 28 (0.76%) WSUS
15 27 (0.74%) Red Hat Satellite
16 26 (0.71%) Microsoft Intune
17 24 (0.65%) Packer
18 22 (0.60%) Graylog
18 22 (0.60%) HAProxy
19 20 (0.55%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 568 (15.49%) VMware
2 515 (14.04%) Microsoft
3 366 (9.98%) Red Hat
4 253 (6.90%) Oracle
5 184 (5.02%) Cisco
6 145 (3.95%) Google
7 121 (3.30%) Atlassian
8 82 (2.24%) SAP
9 74 (2.02%) Splunk
10 72 (1.96%) IBM
11 54 (1.47%) SaltStack
12 50 (1.36%) EMC
13 48 (1.31%) Dell
14 46 (1.25%) Veeam
15 41 (1.12%) Citrix
16 40 (1.09%) Zend
17 38 (1.04%) HP
18 35 (0.95%) NetApp
19 32 (0.87%) McAfee
20 27 (0.74%) Sophos