Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 21 18
Rank change year-on-year +2 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 4,811 5,881 8,982
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.29% 9.47% 10.69%
As % of the Operating Systems category 47.99% 41.78% 44.68%
Number of salaries quoted 3,659 4,688 6,948
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,925 £28,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £47,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £54,243 £52,500
% change year-on-year +1.40% +3.32% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,025 14,075 20,103
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 21.43% 22.67% 23.93%
Number of salaries quoted 8,065 11,439 15,783
10th Percentile £25,750 £24,750 £24,000
25th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
75th Percentile £57,500 £55,381 £55,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £66,250 £65,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +6 1,187 £50,000 - 259
South East -2 1,170 £50,000 - 340
South West +4 890 £47,500 +5.56% 175
Midlands +4 649 £47,500 +3.26% 171
North West +7 575 £47,500 -5.00% 130
Yorkshire +5 441 £52,500 +5.00% 98
Scotland +9 396 £47,500 +5.56% 64
West Midlands 0 394 £50,500 +6.32% 101
East of England +4 389 £55,000 +15.79% 187
East Midlands +12 249 £45,000 +5.88% 69
North East +23 172 £51,250 +38.51% 31
Northern Ireland +8 85 £42,500 +13.33% 11
Wales -15 63 £43,430 +4.65% 33
Channel Islands - 4 £36,000 -
Isle of Man - 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,622 (33.71%) DevOps
2 1,558 (32.38%) Windows
3 1,542 (32.05%) AWS
4 1,406 (29.22%) Agile Software Development
5 1,345 (27.96%) Python
6 1,206 (25.07%) Docker
7 1,152 (23.95%) Git (software)
8 1,125 (23.38%) Azure
9 952 (19.79%) SQL
10 943 (19.60%) Terraform
11 923 (19.19%) Software Engineering
12 869 (18.06%) Kubernetes
13 866 (18.00%) Ansible
14 850 (17.67%) Java
15 804 (16.71%) Problem-Solving
16 798 (16.59%) JavaScript
17 794 (16.50%) Microsoft
17 794 (16.50%) VMware
18 662 (13.76%) Puppet
19 655 (13.61%) Bash Shell
20 609 (12.66%) MySQL
21 604 (12.55%) HTML
21 604 (12.55%) PHP
22 590 (12.26%) Unix
23 589 (12.24%) VMware Infrastructure
24 574 (11.93%) Jenkins
25 569 (11.83%) PowerShell
26 554 (11.52%) Degree
27 541 (11.25%) Scrum
28 529 (11.00%) C++

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (5.80%) Apache
2 244 (5.07%) Confluence
3 98 (2.04%) nginx
4 95 (1.97%) IIS
5 87 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
6 75 (1.56%) MS Exchange
6 75 (1.56%) Tomcat
6 75 (1.56%) WordPress
7 66 (1.37%) SharePoint
8 62 (1.29%) CMS
9 51 (1.06%) OpenStack
10 34 (0.71%) JBoss
11 33 (0.69%) Apache Spark
12 26 (0.54%) WebLogic
13 25 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 22 (0.46%) Red Hat Fuse
15 18 (0.37%) GemFire
16 17 (0.35%) WebSphere
17 16 (0.33%) Mule
17 16 (0.33%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 88 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
2 31 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
3 22 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.27%) Photoshop
5 12 (0.25%) Simulink
6 8 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.12%) Adobe XD
9 4 (0.083%) Gephi
9 4 (0.083%) Gliffy
10 3 (0.062%) Houdini
10 3 (0.062%) Maya
10 3 (0.062%) NUKE
11 1 (0.021%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.021%) Figma
11 1 (0.021%) Quicktime
11 1 (0.021%) Sketch
11 1 (0.021%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 45 (0.94%) Magento
2 22 (0.46%) OpenCart
3 12 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
3 12 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.17%) Sentinel
5 7 (0.15%) Shopify
5 7 (0.15%) Workfront
6 6 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.10%) JDE OneWorld
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
8 4 (0.083%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.083%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.042%) BambooHR
9 2 (0.042%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.042%) FLEXCUBE
9 2 (0.042%) Oracle 11i
9 2 (0.042%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.042%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,542 (32.05%) AWS
2 1,125 (23.38%) Azure
3 305 (6.34%) AWS CloudFormation
4 300 (6.24%) Microsoft 365
5 264 (5.49%) SaaS
6 244 (5.07%) GCP
7 223 (4.64%) PaaS
8 185 (3.85%) GitHub
9 144 (2.99%) IaaS
10 142 (2.95%) Amazon EC2
11 133 (2.76%) Serverless
12 127 (2.64%) Amazon EKS
13 106 (2.20%) Azure Active Directory
14 86 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
15 81 (1.68%) Amazon S3
16 79 (1.64%) AWS Lambda
17 78 (1.62%) OpenShift
18 77 (1.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 63 (1.31%) Pulumi
20 57 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 500 (10.39%) Firewall
2 333 (6.92%) TCP/IP
3 297 (6.17%) DNS
4 211 (4.39%) VPN
5 166 (3.45%) WAN
6 154 (3.20%) LAN
7 139 (2.89%) Wireless
8 138 (2.87%) DHCP
9 136 (2.83%) HTTP
10 115 (2.39%) SAN
11 108 (2.24%) VLAN
12 98 (2.04%) IPv4
13 97 (2.02%) Internet
14 89 (1.85%) Network Security
15 88 (1.83%) SSL
16 83 (1.73%) OSPF
17 74 (1.54%) Wi-Fi
18 65 (1.35%) VoIP
19 57 (1.18%) Ethernet
20 50 (1.04%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 609 (12.66%) MySQL
2 376 (7.82%) SQL Server
3 236 (4.91%) NoSQL
4 227 (4.72%) PostgreSQL
5 198 (4.12%) Relational Database
6 147 (3.06%) MongoDB
7 110 (2.29%) Big Data
8 102 (2.12%) Oracle Database
9 81 (1.68%) Redis
10 79 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
11 70 (1.45%) MariaDB
12 53 (1.10%) RDBMS
13 48 (1.00%) Data Warehouse
14 47 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 40 (0.83%) Hadoop
16 39 (0.81%) Azure SQL Database
17 30 (0.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 27 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 24 (0.50%) Oracle Database 11g
20 23 (0.48%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,152 (23.95%) Git (software)
2 574 (11.93%) Jenkins
3 424 (8.81%) JIRA
4 254 (5.28%) GitLab
5 123 (2.56%) Subversion
6 114 (2.37%) Bitbucket
7 110 (2.29%) JUnit
8 107 (2.22%) TeamCity
9 102 (2.12%) Maven
10 97 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
11 72 (1.50%) Selenium
12 53 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 46 (0.96%) Cucumber
14 42 (0.87%) Artifactory
15 41 (0.85%) Gradle
16 40 (0.83%) Eclipse
17 38 (0.79%) Sonatype Nexus
17 38 (0.79%) Visual Studio
18 37 (0.77%) IntelliJ
19 25 (0.52%) webpack
General
1 415 (8.63%) Finance
2 207 (4.30%) Public Sector
3 177 (3.68%) Telecoms
4 170 (3.53%) Law
5 166 (3.45%) Marketing
6 160 (3.33%) Retail
7 150 (3.12%) Electronics
8 128 (2.66%) Manufacturing
9 90 (1.87%) Games
10 61 (1.27%) Legal
11 54 (1.12%) Banking
12 38 (0.79%) Aerospace
13 34 (0.71%) Automotive
14 27 (0.56%) Military
15 25 (0.52%) Publishing
16 20 (0.42%) Advertising
17 15 (0.31%) German Language
18 12 (0.25%) Billing
19 11 (0.23%) Back Office
20 9 (0.19%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,030 (21.41%) Developer
2 914 (19.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 488 (10.14%) Software Engineer
4 352 (7.32%) AWS Engineer
5 330 (6.86%) Linux Engineer
6 303 (6.30%) PHP Developer
7 298 (6.19%) AWS DevOps
8 295 (6.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 294 (6.11%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 246 (5.11%) Administrator
11 227 (4.72%) IT Engineer
12 215 (4.47%) Cloud Engineer
13 208 (4.32%) Support Engineer
14 202 (4.20%) Software Developer
15 193 (4.01%) Senior Developer
16 182 (3.78%) Senior DevOps
17 178 (3.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 166 (3.45%) Java Developer
19 159 (3.30%) Architect
20 150 (3.12%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 604 (12.55%) HTML
2 526 (10.93%) CSS
3 342 (7.11%) Web Services
4 287 (5.97%) Node.js
4 287 (5.97%) REST
5 235 (4.88%) React
6 219 (4.55%) RESTful
7 215 (4.47%) AngularJS
8 191 (3.97%) .NET
9 189 (3.93%) LAMP
10 186 (3.87%) HTML5
11 181 (3.76%) Spring
12 180 (3.74%) Kafka
13 176 (3.66%) jQuery
14 165 (3.43%) Laravel
15 131 (2.72%) SOAP
16 130 (2.70%) JSON
16 130 (2.70%) Symfony
17 115 (2.39%) Elastic Stack
18 109 (2.27%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 276 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
2 224 (4.66%) Linux Command Line
3 198 (4.12%) Public Cloud
4 172 (3.58%) Data Centre
5 133 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
6 124 (2.58%) Hybrid Cloud
6 124 (2.58%) Self-Motivation
7 113 (2.35%) Management Information System
8 98 (2.04%) Mobile App
9 86 (1.79%) Embedded Systems
10 82 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
11 80 (1.66%) Cloud Native
12 66 (1.37%) Enterprise Cloud
13 65 (1.35%) User Experience
14 61 (1.27%) Algorithms
15 57 (1.18%) Private Cloud
16 46 (0.96%) Device Driver
17 43 (0.89%) PKI
18 36 (0.75%) Data Structures
18 36 (0.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,558 (32.38%) Windows
2 590 (12.26%) Unix
3 500 (10.39%) Windows Server
4 381 (7.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 379 (7.88%) CentOS
6 316 (6.57%) Ubuntu
7 133 (2.76%) Windows Server 2016
8 114 (2.37%) Windows 10
9 110 (2.29%) Android
10 107 (2.22%) Embedded Linux
11 91 (1.89%) Windows Server 2012
12 71 (1.48%) Apple iOS
13 62 (1.29%) Debian
14 53 (1.10%) Windows Server 2008
15 48 (1.00%) AIX
16 46 (0.96%) Solaris
17 45 (0.94%) Windows Server 2019
18 41 (0.85%) Windows 7
19 40 (0.83%) Mac OS
20 31 (0.64%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,622 (33.71%) DevOps
2 1,406 (29.22%) Agile Software Development
3 923 (19.19%) Software Engineering
4 804 (16.71%) Problem-Solving
5 541 (11.25%) Scrum
6 515 (10.70%) Configuration Management
7 464 (9.64%) Microservices
8 457 (9.50%) Infrastructure as Code
9 450 (9.35%) Continuous Integration
10 401 (8.34%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 393 (8.17%) Computer Science
12 335 (6.96%) Test Automation
13 333 (6.92%) ITIL
14 326 (6.78%) OO
15 300 (6.24%) Mentoring
16 279 (5.80%) Web Development
17 270 (5.61%) Deployment Automation
18 268 (5.57%) OOP
19 262 (5.45%) Site Reliability Engineering
20 260 (5.40%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 1,345 (27.96%) Python
2 952 (19.79%) SQL
3 850 (17.67%) Java
4 798 (16.59%) JavaScript
5 655 (13.61%) Bash Shell
6 604 (12.55%) PHP
7 569 (11.83%) PowerShell
8 529 (11.00%) C++
9 416 (8.65%) C
10 326 (6.78%) C#
11 262 (5.45%) Go
12 252 (5.24%) Ruby
13 205 (4.26%) Perl
14 170 (3.53%) Shell Script
15 88 (1.83%) TypeScript
16 63 (1.31%) PHP 7
16 63 (1.31%) PL/SQL
16 63 (1.31%) T-SQL
17 50 (1.04%) Embedded C
18 38 (0.79%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 554 (11.52%) Degree
2 495 (10.29%) Security Cleared
3 340 (7.07%) SC Cleared
4 153 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 150 (3.12%) Network+ Certification
6 149 (3.10%) Cisco Certification
7 148 (3.08%) Linux+ Certification
8 133 (2.76%) AWS Certification
9 117 (2.43%) CCNA
10 107 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
11 98 (2.04%) CompTIA Security+
12 86 (1.79%) A+ Certification
12 86 (1.79%) Server+ Certification
13 79 (1.64%) DV Cleared
14 73 (1.52%) MCSE
15 53 (1.10%) RHCE
16 50 (1.04%) CCNP
16 50 (1.04%) MCSA
17 40 (0.83%) CISSP
18 38 (0.79%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (4.18%) QA
2 105 (2.18%) SLA
3 61 (1.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 44 (0.91%) GDPR
5 42 (0.87%) PCI DSS
6 25 (0.52%) NIST
7 20 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
8 18 (0.37%) ISO 9001
9 17 (0.35%) PMBOK
10 15 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 14 (0.29%) Def Stans
12 11 (0.23%) MISRA
13 10 (0.21%) HIPAA
13 10 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 9 (0.19%) GRC
15 7 (0.15%) MISRA C
16 6 (0.12%) NCSC
16 6 (0.12%) OpenSCAP
17 5 (0.10%) Data Quality
17 5 (0.10%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,206 (25.07%) Docker
2 589 (12.24%) VMware Infrastructure
3 450 (9.35%) Active Directory
4 226 (4.70%) Hyper-V
5 162 (3.37%) VMware ESXi
6 95 (1.97%) Firmware
7 93 (1.93%) vSphere
8 73 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
9 52 (1.08%) KVM
10 44 (0.91%) Virtual Servers
11 30 (0.62%) VirtualBox
12 28 (0.58%) Xen
13 26 (0.54%) VMware NSX
14 23 (0.48%) XenDesktop
15 22 (0.46%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 20 (0.42%) HDFS
17 16 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
18 14 (0.29%) Samba
19 13 (0.27%) pfSense
19 13 (0.27%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 943 (19.60%) Terraform
2 869 (18.06%) Kubernetes
3 866 (18.00%) Ansible
4 662 (13.76%) Puppet
5 427 (8.88%) Opscode Chef
6 110 (2.29%) Prometheus
7 88 (1.83%) SCCM
8 87 (1.81%) Grafana
9 82 (1.70%) ZABBIX
10 75 (1.56%) Nagios
11 64 (1.33%) Istio
12 55 (1.14%) Graphite
13 47 (0.98%) Packer
14 37 (0.77%) Microsoft Intune
14 37 (0.77%) Rancher
15 36 (0.75%) Graylog
15 36 (0.75%) Red Hat Satellite
15 36 (0.75%) SCOM
16 35 (0.73%) CFEngine
17 32 (0.67%) Consul
Vendors
1 794 (16.50%) Microsoft
1 794 (16.50%) VMware
2 461 (9.58%) Red Hat
3 375 (7.79%) Oracle
4 309 (6.42%) Cisco
5 197 (4.09%) Google
6 97 (2.02%) Atlassian
6 97 (2.02%) EMC
6 97 (2.02%) IBM
7 96 (2.00%) Citrix
7 96 (2.00%) Splunk
8 94 (1.95%) SAP
9 79 (1.64%) Veeam
10 72 (1.50%) HP
11 70 (1.45%) SaltStack
12 68 (1.41%) Zend
13 56 (1.16%) Dell
14 50 (1.04%) Juniper
15 42 (0.87%) ServiceNow
16 39 (0.81%) F5