Period
to 8 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 17 17
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Linux 3,631 8,916 10,127
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.07% 10.84% 10.46%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.81% 45.51% 45.00%
Number of salaries quoted 3,138 6,786 8,275
Median annual salary £47,500 £46,741 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.62% +3.87% +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £72,000 £68,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 8,288 19,592 22,505
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 22.99% 23.82% 23.25%
Number of salaries quoted 6,693 14,990 17,853
Median annual salary £45,000 £41,250 £41,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +0.61% +2.50%
10th Percentile £26,250 £23,750 £22,750
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -3 1,123 £50,000 - 145
North of England -4 715 £50,000 +11.11% 168
South West -1 588 £45,000 - 123
Midlands 0 430 £47,500 +11.76% 83
North West +1 421 £50,000 +16.28% 108
East of England -1 381 £50,000 - 111
West Midlands -2 287 £47,500 +11.76% 57
Scotland -1 245 £50,000 +17.65% 48
Yorkshire -12 241 £50,125 +5.53% 48
East Midlands +7 136 £45,000 - 25
Wales +4 107 £40,000 -4.76% 20
North East -11 53 £43,000 -4.49% 12
Northern Ireland -7 47 £42,500 -10.53% 10
South Coast -1 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,352 (37.23%) Windows
2 1,139 (31.37%) Python
3 1,017 (28.01%) AWS
4 989 (27.24%) Agile Software Development
5 915 (25.20%) DevOps
6 773 (21.29%) Docker
7 732 (20.16%) JavaScript
8 731 (20.13%) SQL
9 705 (19.42%) Azure
10 672 (18.51%) Git (software)
11 651 (17.93%) Java
12 625 (17.21%) MySQL
13 574 (15.81%) Microsoft
13 574 (15.81%) Bash Shell
14 571 (15.73%) VMware
15 570 (15.70%) Software Engineering
16 562 (15.48%) PHP
17 537 (14.79%) Kubernetes
18 527 (14.51%) Unix
19 526 (14.49%) C++
20 522 (14.38%) Ansible
21 464 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
22 463 (12.75%) HTML
23 450 (12.39%) Jenkins
24 435 (11.98%) PowerShell
25 432 (11.90%) Degree
26 431 (11.87%) Terraform
27 401 (11.04%) Windows Server
28 399 (10.99%) C
29 387 (10.66%) VMware Infrastructure

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 258 (7.11%) Apache
2 143 (3.94%) Confluence
3 119 (3.28%) Elasticsearch
4 88 (2.42%) OpenStack
5 71 (1.96%) Tomcat
6 59 (1.62%) nginx
7 54 (1.49%) Apache Spark
8 45 (1.24%) SharePoint
9 43 (1.18%) IIS
10 41 (1.13%) WebLogic
10 41 (1.13%) WebSphere
11 39 (1.07%) MS Exchange
12 37 (1.02%) JBoss
13 34 (0.94%) CMS
14 24 (0.66%) WordPress
15 16 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 14 (0.39%) Apache Solr
16 14 (0.39%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 13 (0.36%) Drupal
18 12 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 49 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 18 (0.50%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.17%) Photoshop
5 4 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.11%) Adobe XD
6 3 (0.083%) Simulink
7 2 (0.055%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.055%) Gephi
8 1 (0.028%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.028%) CATIA
8 1 (0.028%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.028%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 33 (0.91%) Magento
2 19 (0.52%) Sentinel
3 7 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.19%) SAP ERP
4 5 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.11%) FLEXCUBE
5 4 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.11%) Shopify
6 3 (0.083%) OpenCart
7 2 (0.055%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 2 (0.055%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.055%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.055%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.028%) Faxination
8 1 (0.028%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.028%) SAP FI
8 1 (0.028%) SAP FI-CA
8 1 (0.028%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 1,017 (28.01%) AWS
2 705 (19.42%) Azure
3 201 (5.54%) GCP
4 200 (5.51%) SaaS
5 166 (4.57%) Office 365
6 134 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
7 118 (3.25%) PaaS
8 108 (2.97%) Amazon EC2
9 101 (2.78%) Serverless
10 98 (2.70%) GitHub
11 95 (2.62%) IaaS
12 89 (2.45%) OpenShift
13 86 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
14 76 (2.09%) Amazon S3
15 65 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
16 32 (0.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 29 (0.80%) Amazon ECS
17 29 (0.80%) Route 53
18 28 (0.77%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 28 (0.77%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 320 (8.81%) Firewall
2 229 (6.31%) TCP/IP
3 184 (5.07%) DNS
4 142 (3.91%) WAN
5 137 (3.77%) LAN
6 127 (3.50%) VPN
7 125 (3.44%) SAN
8 110 (3.03%) Network Security
9 99 (2.73%) DHCP
10 92 (2.53%) Internet
11 81 (2.23%) Wireless
12 75 (2.07%) HTTP
13 69 (1.90%) VoIP
14 55 (1.51%) VLAN
15 54 (1.49%) SSL
16 47 (1.29%) Wireshark
17 45 (1.24%) OSPF
18 42 (1.16%) Wi-Fi
19 40 (1.10%) Intrusion Detection
20 39 (1.07%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 625 (17.21%) MySQL
2 378 (10.41%) SQL Server
3 180 (4.96%) NoSQL
4 160 (4.41%) MongoDB
5 151 (4.16%) PostgreSQL
6 125 (3.44%) Big Data
7 84 (2.31%) Relational Database
8 78 (2.15%) Oracle Database
9 74 (2.04%) Redis
10 73 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
11 71 (1.96%) Hadoop
12 57 (1.57%) MariaDB
13 36 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
14 28 (0.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 26 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
16 25 (0.69%) Power BI
17 24 (0.66%) DB2
18 23 (0.63%) Oracle Database 11g
18 23 (0.63%) RDBMS
18 23 (0.63%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 672 (18.51%) Git (software)
2 450 (12.39%) Jenkins
3 252 (6.94%) JIRA
4 112 (3.08%) GitLab
4 112 (3.08%) Selenium
5 95 (2.62%) Subversion
6 75 (2.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 68 (1.87%) Maven
8 58 (1.60%) TeamCity
9 54 (1.49%) Bitbucket
10 40 (1.10%) JUnit
11 38 (1.05%) PHPUnit
12 34 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
13 32 (0.88%) Cucumber
14 31 (0.85%) Octopus Deploy
14 31 (0.85%) Oracle APEX
15 29 (0.80%) Travis CI
16 27 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
17 26 (0.72%) Artifactory
18 25 (0.69%) Gradle
General
1 355 (9.78%) Finance
2 165 (4.54%) Retail
3 109 (3.00%) Telecoms
4 84 (2.31%) Public Sector
5 82 (2.26%) Law
6 80 (2.20%) Electronics
7 78 (2.15%) Manufacturing
8 62 (1.71%) Marketing
9 59 (1.62%) Games
10 55 (1.51%) Advertising
11 54 (1.49%) Legal
12 41 (1.13%) Aerospace
13 39 (1.07%) Automotive
14 30 (0.83%) Banking
14 30 (0.83%) Military
15 23 (0.63%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.61%) Back Office
17 13 (0.36%) Digital Economy
18 10 (0.28%) Billing
19 9 (0.25%) Norwegian Language
Job Titles
1 847 (23.33%) Developer
2 461 (12.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 378 (10.41%) Software Engineer
4 246 (6.77%) Linux Engineer
5 244 (6.72%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 239 (6.58%) PHP Developer
7 191 (5.26%) Administrator
8 164 (4.52%) Software Developer
9 152 (4.19%) Analyst
9 152 (4.19%) Senior Developer
10 141 (3.88%) Systems Administrator
11 137 (3.77%) Cloud Engineer
12 133 (3.66%) AWS Engineer
13 124 (3.42%) Support Engineer
14 116 (3.19%) Architect
15 101 (2.78%) Java Developer
16 100 (2.75%) Full Stack Developer
16 100 (2.75%) Systems Engineer
17 99 (2.73%) IT Support
18 93 (2.56%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 463 (12.75%) HTML
2 367 (10.11%) CSS
3 295 (8.12%) Web Services
4 222 (6.11%) .NET
5 216 (5.95%) jQuery
6 208 (5.73%) Node.js
7 207 (5.70%) LAMP
8 191 (5.26%) REST
9 154 (4.24%) AngularJS
10 153 (4.21%) Laravel
10 153 (4.21%) RESTful
11 145 (3.99%) SOAP
12 140 (3.86%) React
13 120 (3.30%) HTML5
13 120 (3.30%) JSON
14 109 (3.00%) Middleware
15 100 (2.75%) Elastic Stack
16 94 (2.59%) Spring
16 94 (2.59%) Vue.js
17 91 (2.51%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 254 (7.00%) Analytical Skills
2 215 (5.92%) Data Centre
3 132 (3.64%) Public Cloud
4 121 (3.33%) Self-Motivation
5 106 (2.92%) Mobile App
6 102 (2.81%) Linux Command Line
7 88 (2.42%) Algorithms
8 84 (2.31%) User Experience
9 72 (1.98%) Greenfield Project
10 63 (1.74%) Management Information System
11 57 (1.57%) PKI
11 57 (1.57%) Private Cloud
12 56 (1.54%) Clustering
13 51 (1.40%) Embedded Systems
14 50 (1.38%) Cloud Native
14 50 (1.38%) Cyberthreat
15 44 (1.21%) Replication
16 36 (0.99%) Cyberattack
17 33 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
18 32 (0.88%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 1,352 (37.23%) Windows
2 527 (14.51%) Unix
3 401 (11.04%) Windows Server
4 318 (8.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 253 (6.97%) CentOS
6 171 (4.71%) Ubuntu
7 96 (2.64%) Solaris
8 83 (2.29%) AIX
9 81 (2.23%) Debian
10 80 (2.20%) Windows Server 2012
11 74 (2.04%) Windows Server 2016
12 70 (1.93%) Android
13 67 (1.85%) Mac OS
14 62 (1.71%) Apple iOS
15 55 (1.51%) Embedded Linux
16 49 (1.35%) Windows 10
17 39 (1.07%) Windows 7
18 29 (0.80%) Mac OS X
19 27 (0.74%) SUSE
19 27 (0.74%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 989 (27.24%) Agile Software Development
2 915 (25.20%) DevOps
3 570 (15.70%) Software Engineering
4 464 (12.78%) Problem-Solving
5 341 (9.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 331 (9.12%) Continuous Integration
7 295 (8.12%) Test Automation
8 277 (7.63%) Scrum
9 274 (7.55%) OO
10 271 (7.46%) Open Source
11 255 (7.02%) Configuration Management
12 244 (6.72%) OOP
13 234 (6.44%) ITIL
14 228 (6.28%) Computer Science
15 227 (6.25%) MVC
16 223 (6.14%) Mentoring
17 216 (5.95%) Cybersecurity
18 188 (5.18%) High Availability
19 186 (5.12%) Microservices
20 180 (4.96%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,139 (31.37%) Python
2 732 (20.16%) JavaScript
3 731 (20.13%) SQL
4 651 (17.93%) Java
5 574 (15.81%) Bash Shell
6 562 (15.48%) PHP
7 526 (14.49%) C++
8 435 (11.98%) PowerShell
9 399 (10.99%) C
10 301 (8.29%) C#
11 190 (5.23%) Perl
12 172 (4.74%) Ruby
13 152 (4.19%) Shell Script
14 136 (3.75%) Go
15 80 (2.20%) PL/SQL
16 49 (1.35%) Embedded C
16 49 (1.35%) PHP 7
17 47 (1.29%) Scala
18 43 (1.18%) TypeScript
19 40 (1.10%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 432 (11.90%) Degree
2 349 (9.61%) Security Cleared
3 189 (5.21%) SC Cleared
4 140 (3.86%) DV Cleared
5 112 (3.08%) Computer Science Degree
6 101 (2.78%) Cisco Certification
7 81 (2.23%) CCNA
8 79 (2.18%) Microsoft Certification
9 54 (1.49%) MCSE
10 48 (1.32%) MCSA
11 41 (1.13%) AWS Certification
11 41 (1.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 36 (0.99%) CCNP
12 36 (0.99%) CREST Certified
12 36 (0.99%) RHCE
13 30 (0.83%) ITIL Certification
14 26 (0.72%) SANS
15 24 (0.66%) CISSP
16 22 (0.61%) GCIA
17 20 (0.55%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (3.58%) QA
2 113 (3.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 85 (2.34%) SLA
4 78 (2.15%) GDPR
5 39 (1.07%) NIST
6 33 (0.91%) ISO 9001
7 27 (0.74%) PCI DSS
8 24 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials
9 16 (0.44%) NIST 800
10 15 (0.41%) NCSC
11 14 (0.39%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 10 (0.28%) COBIT
13 9 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 8 (0.22%) HIPAA
15 5 (0.14%) AICPA
15 5 (0.14%) Data Quality
15 5 (0.14%) PMO
16 4 (0.11%) IEC 61508
17 3 (0.083%) HL7
17 3 (0.083%) JTAG
System Software
1 773 (21.29%) Docker
2 387 (10.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 339 (9.34%) Active Directory
4 156 (4.30%) Hyper-V
5 104 (2.86%) vSphere
6 73 (2.01%) VMware ESXi
7 52 (1.43%) Virtual Machines
8 50 (1.38%) Firmware
9 43 (1.18%) KVM
10 27 (0.74%) VirtualBox
11 23 (0.63%) XenApp
12 22 (0.61%) Xen
13 20 (0.55%) Snort
14 18 (0.50%) Virtual Servers
15 16 (0.44%) XenDesktop
16 14 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
16 14 (0.39%) vCloud
17 13 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 13 (0.36%) NFS
18 12 (0.33%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 537 (14.79%) Kubernetes
2 522 (14.38%) Ansible
3 431 (11.87%) Terraform
4 349 (9.61%) Puppet
5 235 (6.47%) Opscode Chef
6 84 (2.31%) SCCM
7 56 (1.54%) Prometheus
8 52 (1.43%) Grafana
9 39 (1.07%) Oracle RMAN
10 36 (0.99%) Kibana
11 35 (0.96%) Nagios
12 33 (0.91%) Data Guard
13 31 (0.85%) SCOM
14 29 (0.80%) logstash
15 28 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
15 28 (0.77%) Packer
16 27 (0.74%) Graphite
17 25 (0.69%) Red Hat Satellite
18 22 (0.61%) Consul
19 20 (0.55%) WSUS
Vendors
1 574 (15.81%) Microsoft
2 571 (15.73%) VMware
3 324 (8.92%) Oracle
4 322 (8.87%) Red Hat
5 233 (6.42%) Cisco
6 124 (3.42%) Google
7 105 (2.89%) HP
8 94 (2.59%) Splunk
9 79 (2.18%) SAP
10 75 (2.07%) Citrix
11 72 (1.98%) Zend
12 70 (1.93%) Juniper
13 69 (1.90%) Atlassian
14 67 (1.85%) IBM
15 42 (1.16%) SolarWinds
16 39 (1.07%) NetApp
17 37 (1.02%) Dell
17 37 (1.02%) Veeam
18 29 (0.80%) Apple
18 29 (0.80%) SaltStack