Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 18 16 17
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 8,265 9,716 10,297
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.54% 10.58% 10.71%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.81% 45.32% 42.91%
Number of salaries quoted 6,079 7,723 8,540
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,867 21,439 23,997
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 24.06% 23.36% 24.95%
Number of salaries quoted 14,620 17,036 20,052
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,000 £41,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.50% -
10th Percentile £23,500 £23,000 £22,500
90th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £60,725
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 2,733 £47,500 -2.06% 513
North of England -2 1,632 £45,100 +0.22% 362
South West +2 1,301 £45,000 +5.88% 286
Midlands +5 877 £42,500 - 208
East of England +4 865 £47,500 -9.52% 317
North West -7 859 £45,000 -2.70% 200
Yorkshire +5 665 £48,250 +7.22% 116
West Midlands +5 588 £42,500 - 126
Scotland +1 583 £43,305 -3.77% 121
East Midlands +8 287 £45,000 +12.50% 80
Wales -4 168 £42,000 +4.45% 42
North East +2 109 £46,500 +3.33% 46
Northern Ireland +2 107 £43,750 -12.50% 22
Isle of Man +5 7 £49,000 -27.41% 1
South Coast +1 4 £60,000 -
Channel Islands +1 2 £24,500 -16.95%
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,936 (35.52%) Windows
2 2,632 (31.85%) Python
3 2,249 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
4 2,050 (24.80%) AWS
5 1,979 (23.94%) DevOps
6 1,696 (20.52%) Java
7 1,691 (20.46%) Unix
8 1,619 (19.59%) SQL
9 1,474 (17.83%) Azure
10 1,442 (17.45%) Software Engineering
11 1,414 (17.11%) Git (software)
12 1,391 (16.83%) JavaScript
13 1,300 (15.73%) Microsoft
14 1,294 (15.66%) Bash Shell
15 1,289 (15.60%) Docker
16 1,248 (15.10%) VMware
17 1,164 (14.08%) C++
17 1,164 (14.08%) Degree
18 1,122 (13.58%) Firewall
19 1,108 (13.41%) MySQL
20 1,105 (13.37%) Problem-Solving
21 1,097 (13.27%) Ansible
22 974 (11.78%) PHP
23 969 (11.72%) Jenkins
24 963 (11.65%) C
25 953 (11.53%) Cisco
26 946 (11.45%) Windows Server
27 931 (11.26%) Kubernetes
28 922 (11.16%) Puppet
29 839 (10.15%) Finance

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 482 (5.83%) Apache
2 266 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
3 251 (3.04%) Tomcat
4 213 (2.58%) nginx
5 197 (2.38%) MS Exchange
6 179 (2.17%) IIS
7 174 (2.11%) Confluence
8 167 (2.02%) SharePoint
9 158 (1.91%) JBoss
10 155 (1.88%) OpenStack
11 137 (1.66%) Apache Spark
12 98 (1.19%) WebSphere
13 89 (1.08%) WordPress
14 70 (0.85%) WebLogic
15 60 (0.73%) Apache Solr
15 60 (0.73%) Exchange Server 2013
16 56 (0.68%) Drupal
17 53 (0.64%) CMS
18 49 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2010
19 31 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 194 (2.35%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 35 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 33 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 26 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 14 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 12 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 12 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.097%) Simulink
8 8 (0.097%) Sketch
9 7 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
10 6 (0.073%) GNU Octave
11 5 (0.060%) CATIA
12 4 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.048%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.036%) Maya
14 2 (0.024%) Abaqus
14 2 (0.024%) Adobe After Effects
14 2 (0.024%) FrameMaker
14 2 (0.024%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 30 (0.36%) Magento
2 21 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
2 21 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
3 18 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 16 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
5 14 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
6 11 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
7 9 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 9 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 9 (0.11%) Teamcenter
8 8 (0.097%) BusinessWorks
8 8 (0.097%) CiviCRM
9 6 (0.073%) Odoo
10 5 (0.060%) CA PPM
10 5 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
10 5 (0.060%) ENOVIA
10 5 (0.060%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.060%) SAP HR
10 5 (0.060%) SAP MM
11 4 (0.048%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 2,050 (24.80%) AWS
2 1,474 (17.83%) Azure
3 538 (6.51%) GCP
4 429 (5.19%) Office 365
5 373 (4.51%) SaaS
6 231 (2.79%) IaaS
7 228 (2.76%) GitHub
8 185 (2.24%) PaaS
9 184 (2.23%) Cloud Computing
10 171 (2.07%) AWS CloudFormation
11 169 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
12 156 (1.89%) Serverless
13 124 (1.50%) Amazon S3
14 105 (1.27%) OpenShift
15 101 (1.22%) IBM Cloud
16 87 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
17 72 (0.87%) Azure Stack
18 60 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
19 53 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 50 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 1,122 (13.58%) Firewall
2 763 (9.23%) DNS
3 666 (8.06%) TCP/IP
4 632 (7.65%) WAN
5 508 (6.15%) VPN
6 418 (5.06%) Network Security
7 373 (4.51%) LAN
8 341 (4.13%) OSPF
9 329 (3.98%) DHCP
10 320 (3.87%) Cisco Nexus
11 315 (3.81%) BGP
12 307 (3.71%) Cisco ASA
13 302 (3.65%) Internet
14 294 (3.56%) MPLS
15 284 (3.44%) SMTP
16 275 (3.33%) SAN
17 268 (3.24%) NetScaler
18 264 (3.19%) Broadband
18 264 (3.19%) IPsec
19 243 (2.94%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,108 (13.41%) MySQL
2 767 (9.28%) SQL Server
3 397 (4.80%) PostgreSQL
4 373 (4.51%) MongoDB
5 339 (4.10%) Big Data
6 334 (4.04%) NoSQL
7 295 (3.57%) Relational Database
8 152 (1.84%) Oracle Database
9 125 (1.51%) Amazon RDS
9 125 (1.51%) Hadoop
10 102 (1.23%) Redis
11 99 (1.20%) RDBMS
12 94 (1.14%) Data Warehouse
12 94 (1.14%) MariaDB
13 85 (1.03%) Apache Cassandra
14 76 (0.92%) DB2
15 71 (0.86%) Apache Hive
16 57 (0.69%) Azure SQL Database
17 53 (0.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 48 (0.58%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,414 (17.11%) Git (software)
2 969 (11.72%) Jenkins
3 617 (7.47%) JIRA
4 292 (3.53%) Subversion
5 199 (2.41%) Maven
6 185 (2.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 181 (2.19%) Selenium
8 176 (2.13%) Bitbucket
9 155 (1.88%) JUnit
10 133 (1.61%) Cucumber
11 123 (1.49%) Visual Studio
12 121 (1.46%) GitLab
13 92 (1.11%) TeamCity
14 90 (1.09%) Eclipse
15 83 (1.00%) Sonatype Nexus
16 74 (0.90%) git-flow
17 68 (0.82%) Bitbucket Server
18 66 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
19 63 (0.76%) PHPUnit
20 61 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 839 (10.15%) Finance
2 467 (5.65%) Telecoms
3 381 (4.61%) Public Sector
4 350 (4.23%) Retail
5 266 (3.22%) Marketing
6 265 (3.21%) Electronics
7 253 (3.06%) Manufacturing
8 178 (2.15%) Banking
9 161 (1.95%) Games
10 152 (1.84%) Automotive
11 95 (1.15%) Aerospace
12 77 (0.93%) Advertising
13 66 (0.80%) Military
14 55 (0.67%) Law
15 50 (0.60%) Legal
16 36 (0.44%) Publishing
17 26 (0.31%) Back Office
18 21 (0.25%) German Language
19 20 (0.24%) Financial Institution
20 16 (0.19%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,676 (20.28%) Developer
2 913 (11.05%) Software Engineer
3 843 (10.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 529 (6.40%) Analyst
5 521 (6.30%) Linux Engineer
6 467 (5.65%) Support Engineer
7 458 (5.54%) Administrator
8 451 (5.46%) PHP Developer
9 428 (5.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 394 (4.77%) Network Engineer
11 366 (4.43%) Architect
12 326 (3.94%) Consultant
13 322 (3.90%) Java Developer
14 309 (3.74%) Cloud Engineer
14 309 (3.74%) Security Engineer
15 306 (3.70%) Senior Developer
16 285 (3.45%) Systems Administrator
17 281 (3.40%) Software Developer
18 280 (3.39%) Senior Software Engineer
19 261 (3.16%) C++ Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 781 (9.45%) HTML
2 727 (8.80%) CSS
3 715 (8.65%) Web Services
4 462 (5.59%) .NET
5 439 (5.31%) Spring
6 386 (4.67%) AngularJS
6 386 (4.67%) Node.js
7 374 (4.53%) LAMP
8 360 (4.36%) REST
9 329 (3.98%) RESTful
10 314 (3.80%) jQuery
11 312 (3.77%) JSON
12 283 (3.42%) Laravel
13 278 (3.36%) SOAP
14 266 (3.22%) React
15 257 (3.11%) XML
16 251 (3.04%) HTML5
17 243 (2.94%) Elastic Stack
18 225 (2.72%) Kafka
19 178 (2.15%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 670 (8.11%) Analytical Skills
2 518 (6.27%) Management Information System
3 448 (5.42%) Data Centre
4 339 (4.10%) Public Cloud
5 297 (3.59%) Linux Command Line
6 280 (3.39%) Self-Motivation
7 196 (2.37%) User Experience
8 182 (2.20%) Algorithms
9 169 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
10 160 (1.94%) Embedded Systems
11 146 (1.77%) Replication
12 145 (1.75%) Mobile App
13 139 (1.68%) Smartphone
14 137 (1.66%) Hybrid Cloud
15 134 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
16 131 (1.58%) Private Cloud
17 127 (1.54%) Clustering
18 111 (1.34%) Virtual Team
19 86 (1.04%) Internet of Things
20 83 (1.00%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 2,936 (35.52%) Windows
2 1,691 (20.46%) Unix
3 946 (11.45%) Windows Server
4 627 (7.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 607 (7.34%) CentOS
6 394 (4.77%) Ubuntu
7 316 (3.82%) Windows Server 2012
8 244 (2.95%) Debian
9 235 (2.84%) Android
10 210 (2.54%) Windows Server 2008
11 190 (2.30%) Windows 10
12 183 (2.21%) Windows 7
13 172 (2.08%) Solaris
14 161 (1.95%) AIX
15 135 (1.63%) Apple iOS
16 128 (1.55%) Mac OS
17 108 (1.31%) Embedded Linux
18 80 (0.97%) SUSE
19 66 (0.80%) Windows 8
20 49 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,249 (27.21%) Agile Software Development
2 1,979 (23.94%) DevOps
3 1,442 (17.45%) Software Engineering
4 1,105 (13.37%) Problem-Solving
5 796 (9.63%) ITIL
6 749 (9.06%) Continuous Integration
7 693 (8.38%) Computer Science
8 654 (7.91%) Configuration Management
9 640 (7.74%) Test Automation
10 608 (7.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 608 (7.36%) Scrum
11 599 (7.25%) Cybersecurity
12 575 (6.96%) OO
13 564 (6.82%) Mentoring
14 511 (6.18%) Open Source
15 471 (5.70%) MVC
16 464 (5.61%) TDD
17 455 (5.51%) Service Delivery
18 426 (5.15%) Microservices
19 404 (4.89%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,632 (31.85%) Python
2 1,696 (20.52%) Java
3 1,619 (19.59%) SQL
4 1,391 (16.83%) JavaScript
5 1,294 (15.66%) Bash Shell
6 1,164 (14.08%) C++
7 974 (11.78%) PHP
8 963 (11.65%) C
9 730 (8.83%) Perl
10 679 (8.22%) PowerShell
11 590 (7.14%) C#
12 574 (6.94%) Ruby
13 377 (4.56%) Shell Script
14 246 (2.98%) Go
15 103 (1.25%) PL/SQL
16 102 (1.23%) Java 8
17 99 (1.20%) PHP 7
18 93 (1.13%) Embedded C
19 91 (1.10%) TypeScript
20 86 (1.04%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,164 (14.08%) Degree
2 736 (8.91%) Security Cleared
3 573 (6.93%) Cisco Certification
4 467 (5.65%) CCNA
5 401 (4.85%) CCNP
6 393 (4.75%) SC Cleared
7 301 (3.64%) Computer Science Degree
8 239 (2.89%) DV Cleared
9 237 (2.87%) Microsoft Certification
10 150 (1.81%) MCSE
11 132 (1.60%) CISSP
12 94 (1.14%) AWS Certification
13 89 (1.08%) MCSA
14 88 (1.06%) RHCE
15 70 (0.85%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 62 (0.75%) MCP
17 57 (0.69%) TOGAF Certification
18 55 (0.67%) Master's Degree
18 55 (0.67%) PhD
18 55 (0.67%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 404 (4.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 275 (3.33%) QA
3 254 (3.07%) ISO 9001
4 244 (2.95%) SLA
5 67 (0.81%) PCI DSS
6 50 (0.60%) NIST
7 38 (0.46%) GDPR
8 37 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 22 (0.27%) HMG Infosec
10 19 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
10 19 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 19 (0.23%) JSP 440
11 17 (0.21%) PSD2
12 14 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 12 (0.15%) COBIT
13 12 (0.15%) ISO 26262
14 11 (0.13%) HIPAA
15 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 10 (0.12%) NCSC
16 8 (0.097%) Data Quality
System Software
1 1,289 (15.60%) Docker
2 796 (9.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 772 (9.34%) Active Directory
4 343 (4.15%) Hyper-V
5 186 (2.25%) VMware ESXi
6 155 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
7 153 (1.85%) vSphere
8 92 (1.11%) Firmware
8 92 (1.11%) XenApp
9 79 (0.96%) Microsoft App-V
10 74 (0.90%) XenDesktop
11 61 (0.74%) KVM
12 51 (0.62%) Virtual Servers
13 50 (0.60%) NFS
14 47 (0.57%) Xen
15 42 (0.51%) Apache Flume
16 41 (0.50%) vCloud
16 41 (0.50%) VirtualBox
17 38 (0.46%) VMware NSX
18 34 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,097 (13.27%) Ansible
2 931 (11.26%) Kubernetes
3 922 (11.16%) Puppet
4 642 (7.77%) Opscode Chef
5 600 (7.26%) Terraform
6 405 (4.90%) Nagios
7 276 (3.34%) SCCM
8 239 (2.89%) FortiGate
9 173 (2.09%) SCOM
10 123 (1.49%) Prometheus
11 106 (1.28%) Kibana
12 97 (1.17%) Grafana
13 81 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
14 80 (0.97%) ZABBIX
15 69 (0.83%) logstash
15 69 (0.83%) WSUS
16 63 (0.76%) HAProxy
16 63 (0.76%) Packer
17 62 (0.75%) vRealize
18 58 (0.70%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 1,300 (15.73%) Microsoft
2 1,248 (15.10%) VMware
3 953 (11.53%) Cisco
4 760 (9.20%) Oracle
5 721 (8.72%) Red Hat
6 404 (4.89%) Google
7 315 (3.81%) IBM
8 314 (3.80%) Citrix
9 276 (3.34%) Palo Alto
10 267 (3.23%) Fortinet
11 261 (3.16%) Splunk
12 247 (2.99%) SAP
13 208 (2.52%) HP
14 146 (1.77%) Dell
15 137 (1.66%) Zend
16 136 (1.65%) NetApp
17 131 (1.58%) Atlassian
18 125 (1.51%) Juniper
19 103 (1.25%) CheckPoint
20 89 (1.08%) ServiceNow