Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 17 17 18
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -2
Permanent jobs citing Linux 9,140 10,521 10,662
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.95% 10.53% 10.57%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.77% 45.19% 43.49%
Number of salaries quoted 6,685 8,255 8,942
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,971 23,280 24,516
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 23.92% 23.29% 24.30%
Number of salaries quoted 15,298 18,549 20,488
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,500 £40,210 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.21% +0.52% -
10th Percentile £24,000 £23,000 £23,000
90th Percentile £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
UK median annual salary £47,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +4.44% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 3,069 £50,000 +5.26% 514
North of England +1 1,880 £45,000 - 394
South West +4 1,411 £45,000 +4.65% 282
East of England +2 947 £50,000 -4.76% 316
Midlands +5 889 £42,500 -5.56% 254
Yorkshire +8 873 £47,500 +5.56% 123
North West -3 865 £42,500 -5.56% 216
Scotland +5 649 £42,000 +0.60% 79
West Midlands +6 590 £42,500 -5.56% 150
East Midlands +4 299 £47,500 +5.56% 104
Wales -3 164 £40,000 -0.52% 39
North East +16 147 £45,024 +12.56% 55
Northern Ireland +5 120 £50,000 +11.11% 26
Isle of Man +7 13 £45,750 -3.68%
South Coast - 7 £60,000 -
Channel Islands +4 6 £30,000 -55.56% 1
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 3,299 (36.09%) Windows
2 3,091 (33.82%) Python
3 2,433 (26.62%) Agile Software Development
4 2,300 (25.16%) Amazon AWS
5 2,247 (24.58%) DevOps
6 2,080 (22.76%) Java
7 1,930 (21.12%) Unix
8 1,905 (20.84%) SQL
9 1,651 (18.06%) Software Engineering
10 1,613 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
11 1,611 (17.63%) Git (software)
12 1,586 (17.35%) JavaScript
13 1,553 (16.99%) Docker
14 1,489 (16.29%) Bash Shell
15 1,413 (15.46%) Degree
16 1,403 (15.35%) VMware
17 1,389 (15.20%) C++
18 1,384 (15.14%) Microsoft
19 1,318 (14.42%) Ansible
20 1,304 (14.27%) Firewall
21 1,266 (13.85%) MySQL
22 1,254 (13.72%) Jenkins
23 1,234 (13.50%) Cisco
24 1,191 (13.03%) Puppet
25 1,082 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
26 1,073 (11.74%) Windows Server
27 1,045 (11.43%) PHP
28 1,036 (11.33%) Kubernetes
29 981 (10.73%) C
30 968 (10.59%) Security Cleared

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 602 (6.59%) Apache
2 299 (3.27%) Tomcat
3 291 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
4 250 (2.74%) IIS
5 242 (2.65%) nginx
6 220 (2.41%) Confluence
7 198 (2.17%) MS Exchange
7 198 (2.17%) SharePoint
8 174 (1.90%) JBoss
9 145 (1.59%) OpenStack
10 126 (1.38%) Apache Spark
11 112 (1.23%) WebSphere
12 110 (1.20%) WebLogic
13 105 (1.15%) WordPress
14 75 (0.82%) Exchange Server 2013
15 58 (0.63%) Apache Solr
16 48 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2010
17 47 (0.51%) Drupal
18 42 (0.46%) CMS
19 39 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 171 (1.87%) Microsoft Office
2 38 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
3 37 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 29 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.22%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.14%) Fireworks
7 11 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 9 (0.098%) MS Visio
9 8 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
9 8 (0.088%) Simulink
10 7 (0.077%) GNU Octave
10 7 (0.077%) Sketch
11 6 (0.066%) CATIA
12 5 (0.055%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 4 (0.044%) FrameMaker
13 4 (0.044%) InfoPath
13 4 (0.044%) RoboHelp
13 4 (0.044%) Weka
14 2 (0.022%) Maple
14 2 (0.022%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 52 (0.57%) Magento
2 30 (0.33%) Oracle Applications
3 24 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
4 21 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
5 19 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
5 19 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
5 19 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 13 (0.14%) SAP ERP
7 12 (0.13%) Shopify
8 11 (0.12%) Odoo
9 10 (0.11%) SAP Business One
9 10 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
10 9 (0.098%) Remedy ITSM
11 8 (0.088%) Teamcenter
12 6 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
13 5 (0.055%) ENOVIA
13 5 (0.055%) FLEXCUBE
13 5 (0.055%) NetSuite
13 5 (0.055%) SAP HR
14 4 (0.044%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 2,300 (25.16%) Amazon AWS
2 1,613 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 569 (6.23%) Google Cloud Platform
4 505 (5.53%) SaaS
5 440 (4.81%) Office 365
6 273 (2.99%) GitHub
7 248 (2.71%) IaaS
8 223 (2.44%) AWS CloudFormation
9 213 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
10 193 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
11 191 (2.09%) Serverless
12 186 (2.04%) PaaS
13 166 (1.82%) Amazon S3
14 121 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
15 102 (1.12%) OpenShift
16 91 (1.00%) IBM Cloud
17 90 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
18 85 (0.93%) Azure Stack
19 76 (0.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 72 (0.79%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 1,304 (14.27%) Firewall
2 955 (10.45%) DNS
3 742 (8.12%) WAN
4 668 (7.31%) VPN
5 634 (6.94%) TCP/IP
6 595 (6.51%) Network Security
7 458 (5.01%) OSPF
8 455 (4.98%) Cisco ASA
9 446 (4.88%) Cisco Nexus
10 435 (4.76%) BGP
11 424 (4.64%) SMTP
12 421 (4.61%) MPLS
13 389 (4.26%) NetScaler
14 378 (4.14%) Broadband
15 377 (4.12%) Internet
16 368 (4.03%) LAN
17 362 (3.96%) IPsec
18 340 (3.72%) DHCP
19 339 (3.71%) ADSL
20 337 (3.69%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,266 (13.85%) MySQL
2 919 (10.05%) SQL Server
3 448 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
4 435 (4.76%) MongoDB
5 407 (4.45%) NoSQL
6 376 (4.11%) Relational Database
7 362 (3.96%) Big Data
8 175 (1.91%) Oracle Database
9 167 (1.83%) Redis
10 158 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
11 157 (1.72%) Hadoop
12 135 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
13 116 (1.27%) MariaDB
14 114 (1.25%) RDBMS
15 86 (0.94%) DB2
16 61 (0.67%) Azure SQL Database
17 59 (0.65%) Data Mining
18 58 (0.63%) Neo4j
19 54 (0.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 53 (0.58%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,611 (17.63%) Git (software)
2 1,254 (13.72%) Jenkins
3 652 (7.13%) JIRA
4 352 (3.85%) Subversion
5 265 (2.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 247 (2.70%) Maven
7 229 (2.51%) Selenium
8 188 (2.06%) Bitbucket
9 175 (1.91%) TeamCity
10 167 (1.83%) Visual Studio
11 157 (1.72%) Cucumber
11 157 (1.72%) JUnit
12 151 (1.65%) GitLab
13 126 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
14 113 (1.24%) Vagrant
15 101 (1.11%) Eclipse
16 95 (1.04%) Team Foundation Server
17 88 (0.96%) webpack
18 82 (0.90%) Sonatype Nexus
19 81 (0.89%) Gradle
General
1 854 (9.34%) Finance
2 370 (4.05%) Telecoms
3 339 (3.71%) Retail
4 264 (2.89%) Electronics
5 241 (2.64%) Marketing
6 214 (2.34%) Manufacturing
7 186 (2.04%) Banking
8 155 (1.70%) Games
9 101 (1.11%) Automotive
10 72 (0.79%) Legal
11 62 (0.68%) Aerospace
12 52 (0.57%) Back Office
13 46 (0.50%) Law
14 37 (0.40%) Military
14 37 (0.40%) Publishing
15 31 (0.34%) Advertising
15 31 (0.34%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.23%) Billing
16 21 (0.23%) Multimedia
17 16 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,020 (22.10%) Developer
2 1,019 (11.15%) Software Engineer
3 903 (9.88%) DevOps Engineer
4 661 (7.23%) Linux Engineer
5 565 (6.18%) Analyst
6 552 (6.04%) Network Engineer
7 501 (5.48%) Support Engineer
8 497 (5.44%) Administrator
9 483 (5.28%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 470 (5.14%) PHP Developer
11 416 (4.55%) Cloud Engineer
12 415 (4.54%) Java Developer
13 381 (4.17%) Security Engineer
14 360 (3.94%) Systems Administrator
15 353 (3.86%) Software Developer
16 326 (3.57%) Architect
17 325 (3.56%) Senior Developer
18 302 (3.30%) Senior Software Engineer
19 288 (3.15%) C++ Software Engineer
20 262 (2.87%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 961 (10.51%) HTML
2 870 (9.52%) CSS
3 763 (8.35%) Web Services
4 553 (6.05%) Spring
5 549 (6.01%) .NET
6 523 (5.72%) Node.js
7 460 (5.03%) AngularJS
8 432 (4.73%) RESTful
9 420 (4.60%) LAMP
10 383 (4.19%) jQuery
11 379 (4.15%) REST
12 343 (3.75%) React
13 328 (3.59%) XML
14 307 (3.36%) JSON
14 307 (3.36%) SOAP
15 298 (3.26%) HTML5
16 293 (3.21%) Elastic Stack
17 259 (2.83%) Laravel
18 226 (2.47%) Vue.js
19 204 (2.23%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 596 (6.52%) Analytical Skills
2 544 (5.95%) Management Information System
3 467 (5.11%) Data Centre
4 367 (4.02%) Public Cloud
5 359 (3.93%) Linux Command Line
6 328 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
7 214 (2.34%) Algorithms
8 183 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
9 178 (1.95%) User Experience
10 173 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
11 171 (1.87%) Mobile App
12 156 (1.71%) Smartphone
13 130 (1.42%) Replication
14 127 (1.39%) Private Cloud
15 126 (1.38%) Embedded Systems
16 123 (1.35%) Internet of Things
17 117 (1.28%) Clustering
18 113 (1.24%) Robotics
19 107 (1.17%) Greenfield Project
20 96 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,299 (36.09%) Windows
2 1,930 (21.12%) Unix
3 1,073 (11.74%) Windows Server
4 720 (7.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 704 (7.70%) CentOS
6 500 (5.47%) Ubuntu
7 362 (3.96%) Windows Server 2012
8 332 (3.63%) Debian
9 289 (3.16%) Android
10 234 (2.56%) Windows Server 2008
11 207 (2.26%) Windows 10
12 203 (2.22%) Windows 7
13 178 (1.95%) AIX
14 168 (1.84%) Apple iOS
14 168 (1.84%) Solaris
15 145 (1.59%) Mac OS
16 125 (1.37%) Embedded Linux
17 74 (0.81%) SUSE
18 66 (0.72%) Mac OS X
18 66 (0.72%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,433 (26.62%) Agile Software Development
2 2,247 (24.58%) DevOps
3 1,651 (18.06%) Software Engineering
4 1,082 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
5 897 (9.81%) Continuous Integration
6 839 (9.18%) ITIL
7 794 (8.69%) Configuration Management
8 777 (8.50%) Computer Science
9 706 (7.72%) Test Automation
10 701 (7.67%) Open Source
11 687 (7.52%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 638 (6.98%) OO
13 604 (6.61%) Cybersecurity
14 589 (6.44%) Service Delivery
15 573 (6.27%) Mentoring
16 558 (6.11%) Scrum
17 545 (5.96%) TDD
18 463 (5.07%) Microservices
19 459 (5.02%) MVC
20 444 (4.86%) Network Design
Programming Languages
1 3,091 (33.82%) Python
2 2,080 (22.76%) Java
3 1,905 (20.84%) SQL
4 1,586 (17.35%) JavaScript
5 1,489 (16.29%) Bash Shell
6 1,389 (15.20%) C++
7 1,045 (11.43%) PHP
8 981 (10.73%) C
9 862 (9.43%) Perl
10 811 (8.87%) PowerShell
11 803 (8.79%) C#
12 659 (7.21%) Ruby
13 410 (4.49%) Shell Script
14 319 (3.49%) Go
15 139 (1.52%) Java 8
16 137 (1.50%) Scala
17 118 (1.29%) Embedded C
18 116 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 109 (1.19%) PL/SQL
20 82 (0.90%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,413 (15.46%) Degree
2 968 (10.59%) Security Cleared
3 746 (8.16%) Cisco Certification
4 562 (6.15%) CCNA
5 526 (5.75%) SC Cleared
6 505 (5.53%) CCNP
7 374 (4.09%) DV Cleared
8 360 (3.94%) Computer Science Degree
9 210 (2.30%) Microsoft Certification
10 128 (1.40%) MCSE
11 123 (1.35%) AWS Certification
12 116 (1.27%) CISSP
13 109 (1.19%) RHCE
14 100 (1.09%) MCSA
15 90 (0.98%) Numerate Degree
16 66 (0.72%) PhD
17 61 (0.67%) Master's Degree
18 57 (0.62%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 55 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
20 53 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 558 (6.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 365 (3.99%) ISO 9001
3 262 (2.87%) SLA
4 252 (2.76%) QA
5 86 (0.94%) PCI DSS
6 70 (0.77%) GDPR
7 50 (0.55%) NIST
8 44 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 24 (0.26%) HMG Infosec
9 24 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 21 (0.23%) HL7
10 21 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 21 (0.23%) JSP 440
11 17 (0.19%) COBIT
11 17 (0.19%) PSD2
12 16 (0.18%) ISO 22301
13 12 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 10 (0.11%) ISO 31000
14 10 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 9 (0.098%) Data Quality
System Software
1 1,553 (16.99%) Docker
2 935 (10.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 867 (9.49%) Active Directory
4 445 (4.87%) Hyper-V
5 228 (2.49%) VMware ESXi
6 216 (2.36%) Virtual Machines
7 183 (2.00%) vSphere
8 99 (1.08%) XenApp
9 97 (1.06%) Firmware
10 91 (1.00%) XenDesktop
11 90 (0.98%) Microsoft App-V
12 83 (0.91%) KVM
13 70 (0.77%) Virtual Servers
14 64 (0.70%) Oracle RAC
15 63 (0.69%) VirtualBox
16 62 (0.68%) VMware NSX
17 56 (0.61%) Xen
18 54 (0.59%) NFS
19 42 (0.46%) iptables
20 40 (0.44%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1,318 (14.42%) Ansible
2 1,191 (13.03%) Puppet
3 1,036 (11.33%) Kubernetes
4 762 (8.34%) Opscode Chef
5 713 (7.80%) Terraform
6 547 (5.98%) Nagios
7 358 (3.92%) FortiGate
8 254 (2.78%) SCCM
9 169 (1.85%) SCOM
10 125 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
11 124 (1.36%) Prometheus
12 107 (1.17%) Grafana
13 99 (1.08%) Packer
14 93 (1.02%) Kibana
15 83 (0.91%) Consul
16 70 (0.77%) WSUS
16 70 (0.77%) ZABBIX
17 66 (0.72%) logstash
18 65 (0.71%) Salt
19 64 (0.70%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 1,403 (15.35%) VMware
2 1,384 (15.14%) Microsoft
3 1,234 (13.50%) Cisco
4 863 (9.44%) Oracle
5 825 (9.03%) Red Hat
6 459 (5.02%) Google
7 412 (4.51%) Fortinet
8 355 (3.88%) Palo Alto
9 314 (3.44%) IBM
10 310 (3.39%) Citrix
11 238 (2.60%) HP
12 220 (2.41%) SAP
13 217 (2.37%) Splunk
14 209 (2.29%) Juniper
15 168 (1.84%) Atlassian
16 165 (1.81%) CheckPoint
17 151 (1.65%) Dell
18 135 (1.48%) NetApp
19 123 (1.35%) Zend
20 101 (1.11%) EMC