Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Data Engineer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 116 109 174
Rank change year-on-year -7 +65 +20
Contract jobs requiring a Data Engineer 2,017 1,516 665
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.27% 2.30% 1.62%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.43% 2.48% 1.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,450 1,118 493
10th Percentile £411 £400 £381
25th Percentile £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%
75th Percentile £663 £600 £581
90th Percentile £750 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 11 5
10th Percentile £16.50 £21.00 £20.05
25th Percentile £18.62 £24.03 £21.25
Median hourly rate £45.50 £27.00 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +68.52% +8.00% +66.67%
75th Percentile £60.00 £38.88 £57.50
90th Percentile £62.55 £41.30 £59.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.20 £24.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year +84.49% -36.77% +158.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 82,838 61,176 38,490
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.11% 92.99% 93.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,407 41,972 25,625
10th Percentile £319 £300 £256
25th Percentile £425 £400 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £528 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.50% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £438 £438
% change year-on-year +8.45% +0.11% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,921 1,880 1,316
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.36 £11.63
25th Percentile £16.00 £14.00 £14.25
Median hourly rate £25.00 £21.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.05% +5.00% +7.37%
75th Percentile £50.77 £43.75 £40.52
90th Percentile £66.00 £57.50 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.13 £18.12 £18.50
% change year-on-year +11.12% -2.08% +5.71%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -3 1,566 £550 +4.76% 212
Work from Home +6 1,199 £550 +4.76% 75
London -6 1,006 £575 +4.55% 118
UK excluding London +7 507 £525 +10.53% 99
South East -6 128 £550 +4.76% 20
North of England -56 98 £538 +19.44% 27
Midlands +16 92 £500 +11.01% 12
Scotland +5 66 £500 +11.11% 7
West Midlands +4 65 £538 +13.16% 7
North West -17 61 £513 +8.75% 14
South West -1 59 £500 - 12
East of England +9 58 £525 +1.35% 17
Yorkshire -50 33 £550 +25.71% 12
East Midlands +11 27 £494 +16.18% 5
Wales -16 8 £500 +5.26%
North East -19 4 £578 +15.50% 1
Northern Ireland -7 2 £450 -4.26% 4

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, Data Engineer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 1,116 (55.33%) Python
2 998 (49.48%) SQL
3 845 (41.89%) Azure
4 698 (34.61%) ETL
5 556 (27.57%) Analytics
6 552 (27.37%) AWS
7 537 (26.62%) Agile
8 534 (26.47%) Data Engineering
9 519 (25.73%) Data Warehouse
10 511 (25.33%) Databricks
11 501 (24.84%) Apache Spark
12 485 (24.05%) Data Pipeline
13 440 (21.81%) DevOps
14 428 (21.22%) Big Data
15 423 (20.97%) Data Lake
16 412 (20.43%) Java
17 408 (20.23%) Data Modelling
17 408 (20.23%) Business Intelligence
18 407 (20.18%) Azure Data Factory
19 400 (19.83%) CI/CD
20 380 (18.84%) Kafka
21 336 (16.66%) Scala
22 313 (15.52%) Social Skills
23 305 (15.12%) Power Platform
24 302 (14.97%) GCP
25 301 (14.92%) Power BI
26 298 (14.77%) Finance
27 258 (12.79%) Security Cleared
28 239 (11.85%) Microsoft
29 221 (10.96%) SQL Server

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 501 (24.84%) Apache Spark
2 144 (7.14%) Apache
3 125 (6.20%) Apache Airflow
4 50 (2.48%) Confluence
5 16 (0.79%) Jupyter
6 12 (0.59%) Luigi
7 10 (0.50%) SAS
8 5 (0.25%) SharePoint
9 4 (0.20%) Apache Pig
10 3 (0.15%) nginx
10 3 (0.15%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.099%) Apache Pulsar
11 2 (0.099%) Exchange Server 2013
11 2 (0.099%) JBoss
11 2 (0.099%) Oracle Application Server
11 2 (0.099%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.099%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.050%) Apache Synapse
12 1 (0.050%) OpenStack
12 1 (0.050%) uWSGI
Applications
1 14 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.050%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.050%) InVision
4 1 (0.050%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.050%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 18 (0.89%) assyst
2 2 (0.099%) Eikon
2 2 (0.099%) NetSuite
2 2 (0.099%) PeopleSoft HCM
2 2 (0.099%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (0.099%) RMDS
3 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.050%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 1 (0.050%) SAP HR
3 1 (0.050%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 845 (41.89%) Azure
2 552 (27.37%) AWS
3 407 (20.18%) Azure Data Factory
4 305 (15.12%) Power Platform
5 302 (14.97%) GCP
6 187 (9.27%) Azure DevOps
7 164 (8.13%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 151 (7.49%) Serverless
9 140 (6.94%) Snowflake
10 133 (6.59%) Amazon S3
11 90 (4.46%) AWS Lambda
12 66 (3.27%) GitHub
13 65 (3.22%) dbt
14 61 (3.02%) Amazon EMR
15 59 (2.93%) Azure Functions
16 51 (2.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 49 (2.43%) Azure Monitor
18 41 (2.03%) Amazon Kinesis
19 40 (1.98%) PaaS
20 32 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 13 (0.64%) Internet
2 8 (0.40%) SSH
3 5 (0.25%) HTTP
4 4 (0.20%) Firewall
4 4 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.15%) Kerberos
5 3 (0.15%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.099%) 4G
6 2 (0.099%) Multicast
7 1 (0.050%) 5G
7 1 (0.050%) Cisco IPT
7 1 (0.050%) DNS
7 1 (0.050%) FTP
7 1 (0.050%) IPFS
7 1 (0.050%) LTE
7 1 (0.050%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.050%) Radio Access Network
7 1 (0.050%) VoLTE
7 1 (0.050%) VPN
7 1 (0.050%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 519 (25.73%) Data Warehouse
2 428 (21.22%) Big Data
3 423 (20.97%) Data Lake
4 301 (14.92%) Power BI
5 221 (10.96%) SQL Server
6 182 (9.02%) Hadoop
7 149 (7.39%) Amazon Redshift
8 134 (6.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 133 (6.59%) BigQuery
10 124 (6.15%) NoSQL
10 124 (6.15%) Tableau
11 116 (5.75%) Azure SQL Database
12 108 (5.35%) Relational Database
13 97 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
14 87 (4.31%) Metadata
15 80 (3.97%) Delta Lake
15 80 (3.97%) Pentaho
16 63 (3.12%) MongoDB
17 54 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
18 53 (2.63%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 189 (9.37%) Git (software)
2 107 (5.30%) JIRA
3 94 (4.66%) Jenkins
4 79 (3.92%) Maven
5 70 (3.47%) GitLab
6 61 (3.02%) Gradle
7 49 (2.43%) TeamCity
8 30 (1.49%) Bitbucket
9 26 (1.29%) Visual Studio
10 20 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
11 11 (0.55%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 10 (0.50%) CircleCI
13 9 (0.45%) Subversion
14 8 (0.40%) Gerrit
14 8 (0.40%) kappa
14 8 (0.40%) Team Foundation Server
14 8 (0.40%) Visual Studio Team System
15 7 (0.35%) ER Studio
15 7 (0.35%) Rational DOORS
15 7 (0.35%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 313 (15.52%) Social Skills
2 298 (14.77%) Finance
3 147 (7.29%) Banking
4 117 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
5 106 (5.26%) Public Sector
6 64 (3.17%) Investment Banking
7 49 (2.43%) Retail
8 46 (2.28%) Marketing
9 42 (2.08%) Legal
10 41 (2.03%) Telecoms
11 35 (1.74%) Financial Institution
12 29 (1.44%) Presentation Skills
12 29 (1.44%) Publishing
13 21 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
14 18 (0.89%) Law
15 15 (0.74%) Influencing Skills
16 14 (0.69%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 13 (0.64%) Aerospace
18 12 (0.59%) Front Office
18 12 (0.59%) Manufacturing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 380 (18.84%) Kafka
2 177 (8.78%) PySpark
3 51 (2.53%) Pandas
4 45 (2.23%) JSON
5 44 (2.18%) Spark Streaming
6 42 (2.08%) Apache NiFi
7 39 (1.93%) Spring
8 24 (1.19%) .NET
8 24 (1.19%) ARM Templates
8 24 (1.19%) REST
9 23 (1.14%) Flask
10 22 (1.09%) NumPy
11 20 (0.99%) pytest
11 20 (0.99%) XML
12 18 (0.89%) CSS
12 18 (0.89%) HTML
13 16 (0.79%) Web Services
14 15 (0.74%) Elastic Stack
14 15 (0.74%) FastAPI
15 14 (0.69%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 75 (3.72%) Data Protection Act
2 66 (3.27%) Data Structures
3 52 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
4 47 (2.33%) Cloud Native
5 46 (2.28%) Public Cloud
6 39 (1.93%) Algorithms
7 34 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (1.49%) Hedge funds
9 25 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
9 25 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
9 25 (1.24%) Management Information System
10 19 (0.94%) Reference Data
11 16 (0.79%) User Experience
12 13 (0.64%) Renewable Energy
13 12 (0.59%) NHS
14 11 (0.55%) Fibre Optics
15 10 (0.50%) Data Fabric
15 10 (0.50%) iPad
16 9 (0.45%) Derivative
16 9 (0.45%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 141 (6.99%) Linux
2 71 (3.52%) Unix
3 25 (1.24%) Windows
4 5 (0.25%) Windows Server
5 3 (0.15%) CentOS
6 2 (0.099%) Oracle Linux
6 2 (0.099%) Solaris
6 2 (0.099%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.099%) VMS
7 1 (0.050%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 698 (34.61%) ETL
2 556 (27.57%) Analytics
3 537 (26.62%) Agile
4 534 (26.47%) Data Engineering
5 485 (24.05%) Data Pipeline
6 440 (21.81%) DevOps
7 408 (20.23%) Business Intelligence
7 408 (20.23%) Data Modelling
8 400 (19.83%) CI/CD
9 203 (10.06%) Data Science
10 191 (9.47%) Scrum
11 180 (8.92%) Migration
12 173 (8.58%) Data Integration
13 157 (7.78%) Visualisation
14 153 (7.59%) Problem-Solving
15 140 (6.94%) Data Analysis
16 139 (6.89%) Machine Learning
17 130 (6.45%) Data Ingestion
18 127 (6.30%) Data Analytics
19 126 (6.25%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,116 (55.33%) Python
2 998 (49.48%) SQL
3 412 (20.43%) Java
4 336 (16.66%) Scala
5 96 (4.76%) C#
6 75 (3.72%) PowerShell
7 73 (3.62%) T-SQL
8 51 (2.53%) R
9 47 (2.33%) Bash
10 46 (2.28%) PL/SQL
11 35 (1.74%) C++
12 30 (1.49%) Shell Script
13 28 (1.39%) JavaScript
14 27 (1.34%) Go
15 25 (1.24%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 24 (1.19%) C
17 9 (0.45%) Ruby
18 7 (0.35%) Perl
19 4 (0.20%) Kotlin
19 4 (0.20%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 258 (12.79%) Security Cleared
2 212 (10.51%) SC Cleared
3 88 (4.36%) Degree
4 47 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 33 (1.64%) DV Cleared
6 21 (1.04%) AWS Certification
7 19 (0.94%) PhD
8 17 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.50%) FFIEC
10 9 (0.45%) PMP
11 7 (0.35%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.25%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.15%) CISSP
15 2 (0.099%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 2 (0.099%) Cisco Certification
15 2 (0.099%) DBS Check
16 1 (0.050%) CompTIA Security+
16 1 (0.050%) ISEB
16 1 (0.050%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (6.89%) Data Quality
2 56 (2.78%) QA
3 36 (1.78%) GDPR
4 22 (1.09%) SLA
5 17 (0.84%) Accessibility
5 17 (0.84%) PCI DSS
6 10 (0.50%) GLBA
6 10 (0.50%) NIST
7 6 (0.30%) IFRS
8 5 (0.25%) IFRS 17
9 2 (0.099%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.050%) Actionable Recommendations
10 1 (0.050%) COREP
10 1 (0.050%) CRD IV
10 1 (0.050%) FINREP
10 1 (0.050%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.050%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 100 (4.96%) Docker
2 15 (0.74%) HDFS
3 12 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.40%) Firmware
5 7 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.15%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 216 (10.71%) Terraform
2 172 (8.53%) Kubernetes
3 39 (1.93%) Ansible
4 21 (1.04%) Argo
5 13 (0.64%) Kibana
6 10 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
7 9 (0.45%) Istio
7 9 (0.45%) Packer
8 8 (0.40%) logstash
9 7 (0.35%) Grafana
9 7 (0.35%) Oozie
10 5 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.20%) Puppet
12 3 (0.15%) Ambari
12 3 (0.15%) Prometheus
13 1 (0.050%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 1 (0.050%) Control-M
13 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Intune
13 1 (0.050%) Rancher
13 1 (0.050%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 511 (25.33%) Databricks
2 239 (11.85%) Microsoft
3 157 (7.78%) Google
4 142 (7.04%) Oracle
5 98 (4.86%) Talend
6 72 (3.57%) Informatica
7 51 (2.53%) Cloudera
8 29 (1.44%) SAP
9 28 (1.39%) Alteryx
10 26 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (0.89%) Teradata
12 17 (0.84%) Adobe
12 17 (0.84%) Netezza
13 13 (0.64%) AppDynamics
14 12 (0.59%) IBM
14 12 (0.59%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 12 (0.59%) StreamSets
15 10 (0.50%) Confluent
15 10 (0.50%) VMware
16 9 (0.45%) Hortonworks