Period
to 16 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Google products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Google over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within Google.

Google
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 102 86 93
Rank change year-on-year -16 +7 +44
Contract jobs citing Google 2,055 823 2,220
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.47% 2.67% 2.61%
As % of the Vendors category 6.11% 6.06% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,409 602 1,562
10th Percentile £338 £319 £300
25th Percentile £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £559 £500
Median % change year-on-year -1.57% +11.75% +5.26%
75th Percentile £670 £700 £598
90th Percentile £738 £800 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 15 54
10th Percentile £14.65 £13.25 £10.60
25th Percentile £18.60 £16.98 £15.37
Median hourly rate £28.41 £21.50 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year +32.14% -9.47% +49.84%
75th Percentile £64.69 £24.03 £35.00
90th Percentile £65.18 £30.35 £45.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.41 £21.50 £23.50
% change year-on-year +32.14% -8.51% +48.26%

Google is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 33,650 13,576 36,181
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.46% 43.97% 42.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,873 8,749 23,051
10th Percentile £278 £260 £238
25th Percentile £400 £363 £357
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £552
90th Percentile £700 £669 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £425
% change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 919 392 1,339
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.15 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.88 £14.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £19.50 £21.50 £19.03
Median % change year-on-year -9.30% +12.98% +11.94%
75th Percentile £45.00 £44.50 £41.84
90th Percentile £63.00 £54.00 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £17.80
% change year-on-year -10.00% +12.36% +7.88%

Google
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Google as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Google in the UK

Google
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Google.

Daily rate trend for Google in the UK

Google
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Google over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Google in the UK

Google
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Google.

Hourly rate trend for Google in the UK

Google
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Google over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Google in the UK

Google
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Google within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,656 £550 -4.35% 866
London -23 1,082 £575 -4.17% 431
Work from Home -17 625 £575 +15.00% 168
UK excluding London +22 532 £475 +11.76% 464
South East +22 169 £500 - 85
North of England -23 125 £525 +20.00% 163
Midlands -57 66 £509 +32.64% 72
Yorkshire -14 63 £525 +25.00% 49
North West -14 55 £538 +19.44% 84
West Midlands -39 55 £517 +25.33% 47
Scotland -41 47 £388 -3.13% 24
South West -19 44 £395 -10.23% 56
East of England -8 42 £456 +38.26% 52
Wales +4 39 £475 -12.64% 6
North East -19 10 £475 +5.56% 30
East Midlands -44 9 £375 +15.38% 25
Northern Ireland - 2 £450 - 6

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Google also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Google.

1 1,360 (66.18%) GCP
2 664 (32.31%) DevOps
3 662 (32.21%) AWS
4 623 (30.32%) Agile Software Development
5 622 (30.27%) Azure
6 550 (26.76%) Python
7 469 (22.82%) Social Skills
8 464 (22.58%) Kubernetes
9 449 (21.85%) Analytics
10 430 (20.92%) Java
11 381 (18.54%) Terraform
12 379 (18.44%) SQL
12 379 (18.44%) Finance
13 292 (14.21%) Docker
13 292 (14.21%) Microservices
14 267 (12.99%) BigQuery
14 267 (12.99%) Microsoft
15 264 (12.85%) Jenkins
16 255 (12.41%) Migration
17 244 (11.87%) Google Analytics
18 227 (11.05%) Ansible
19 207 (10.07%) JavaScript
20 205 (9.98%) Linux
21 203 (9.88%) Business Intelligence
22 198 (9.64%) Big Data
22 198 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
23 194 (9.44%) Git (software)
24 190 (9.25%) JIRA
25 171 (8.32%) Problem-Solving
26 168 (8.18%) Infrastructure as Code

Google
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (4.91%) Apache Spark
2 80 (3.89%) Confluence
3 64 (3.11%) Apache
4 54 (2.63%) CMS
5 53 (2.58%) Apache Airflow
6 43 (2.09%) OpenStack
7 27 (1.31%) Tomcat
8 20 (0.97%) SAS
9 19 (0.92%) SharePoint
10 16 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 16 (0.78%) IIS
10 16 (0.78%) WebSphere
11 15 (0.73%) Drupal
12 14 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
12 14 (0.68%) nginx
13 11 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
14 10 (0.49%) Jupyter
14 10 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
15 7 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.34%) Luigi
Applications
1 77 (3.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (3.02%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (1.12%) Spreadsheet
4 22 (1.07%) Sketch
5 15 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.68%) InVision
7 11 (0.54%) Photoshop
8 10 (0.49%) Chatbot
9 9 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
10 8 (0.39%) Figma
10 8 (0.39%) MS Visio
11 5 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.15%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.15%) SPSS
12 3 (0.15%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.049%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.049%) InDesign
13 1 (0.049%) Marvel
13 1 (0.049%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 11 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
2 5 (0.24%) Magento
2 5 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.19%) Eloqua
3 4 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
3 4 (0.19%) Primavera
4 3 (0.15%) Shopify
5 2 (0.097%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.097%) SAP MDG
5 2 (0.097%) Sprinklr
5 2 (0.097%) Unica
6 1 (0.049%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.049%) FastStats
6 1 (0.049%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.049%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.049%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.049%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,360 (66.18%) GCP
2 662 (32.21%) AWS
3 622 (30.27%) Azure
4 244 (11.87%) Google Analytics
5 105 (5.11%) PaaS
6 101 (4.91%) GitHub
7 98 (4.77%) Power Platform
8 95 (4.62%) IaaS
9 81 (3.94%) SaaS
10 79 (3.84%) Microsoft 365
11 67 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
12 66 (3.21%) Google Workspace
13 64 (3.11%) Apigee
14 59 (2.87%) Google Data Studio
15 56 (2.73%) Serverless
16 52 (2.53%) OpenShift
17 51 (2.48%) npm
18 43 (2.09%) Google Sheets
19 39 (1.90%) Google Compute Engine
20 38 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 67 (3.26%) Firewall
2 39 (1.90%) DNS
3 28 (1.36%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.36%) WAN
4 26 (1.27%) HTTP
4 26 (1.27%) Network Security
5 25 (1.22%) SSL
6 23 (1.12%) Wireless
7 22 (1.07%) DHCP
8 19 (0.92%) VPN
9 16 (0.78%) LAN
10 15 (0.73%) Kerberos
11 14 (0.68%) Multicast
11 14 (0.68%) VLAN
12 13 (0.63%) Ethernet
13 12 (0.58%) SAN
14 10 (0.49%) Intranet
14 10 (0.49%) NAS
15 9 (0.44%) IPsec
16 8 (0.39%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 267 (12.99%) BigQuery
2 198 (9.64%) Big Data
3 154 (7.49%) Data Warehouse
4 113 (5.50%) Tableau
5 99 (4.82%) NoSQL
6 95 (4.62%) Power BI
7 86 (4.18%) Hadoop
8 77 (3.75%) Looker
9 74 (3.60%) MongoDB
10 68 (3.31%) Relational Database
11 56 (2.73%) PostgreSQL
12 52 (2.53%) MySQL
12 52 (2.53%) SQL Server
13 51 (2.48%) Data Lake
14 45 (2.19%) Amazon Redshift
15 43 (2.09%) Metadata
16 41 (2.00%) Cloud Spanner
17 31 (1.51%) RDBMS
18 25 (1.22%) Apache Hive
19 23 (1.12%) Redis
Development Applications
1 264 (12.85%) Jenkins
2 194 (9.44%) Git (software)
3 190 (9.25%) JIRA
4 83 (4.04%) Maven
5 68 (3.31%) CircleCI
6 67 (3.26%) Gradle
7 58 (2.82%) Travis CI
8 46 (2.24%) gulp
9 37 (1.80%) GitLab
10 32 (1.56%) Bitbucket
10 32 (1.56%) JUnit
11 24 (1.17%) Mockito
12 22 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
13 21 (1.02%) Spinnaker
14 18 (0.88%) Selenium
15 15 (0.73%) Visual Studio
16 14 (0.68%) Axure RP
16 14 (0.68%) SonarQube
16 14 (0.68%) TeamCity
17 12 (0.58%) git-flow
General
1 469 (22.82%) Social Skills
2 379 (18.44%) Finance
3 198 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
4 140 (6.81%) Banking
5 124 (6.03%) Marketing
6 99 (4.82%) Public Sector
7 85 (4.14%) Retail
8 51 (2.48%) Telecoms
9 47 (2.29%) Legal
10 43 (2.09%) Presentation Skills
11 37 (1.80%) Financial Institution
12 33 (1.61%) Publishing
13 31 (1.51%) Manufacturing
14 30 (1.46%) Automotive
15 28 (1.36%) Advertising
15 28 (1.36%) Retail Banking
16 27 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
17 21 (1.02%) Games
18 18 (0.88%) Billing
19 17 (0.83%) Law
Job Titles
1 393 (19.12%) Architect
2 353 (17.18%) Developer
3 202 (9.83%) DevOps Engineer
4 182 (8.86%) Analyst
5 167 (8.13%) Cloud Engineer
5 167 (8.13%) Data Engineer
6 136 (6.62%) Cloud Architect
7 98 (4.77%) Solutions Architect
8 81 (3.94%) Consultant
9 77 (3.75%) Java Developer
10 64 (3.11%) Data Architect
10 64 (3.11%) Security Engineer
11 59 (2.87%) Data Analyst
12 47 (2.29%) Security Architect
13 46 (2.24%) Technical Architect
14 45 (2.19%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 44 (2.14%) Project Manager
15 44 (2.14%) Senior Developer
16 41 (2.00%) Cloud Developer
16 41 (2.00%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (6.62%) HTML
2 135 (6.57%) Kafka
3 133 (6.47%) Node.js
4 121 (5.89%) CSS
4 121 (5.89%) Spring
5 93 (4.53%) React
6 74 (3.60%) AngularJS
7 72 (3.50%) REST
8 71 (3.45%) Web Services
9 62 (3.02%) .NET
9 62 (3.02%) RESTful
10 60 (2.92%) Spring Boot
11 52 (2.53%) OAuth
12 50 (2.43%) OpenID
13 44 (2.14%) JSON
14 34 (1.65%) XML
15 33 (1.61%) LDAP
16 32 (1.56%) SAML
17 29 (1.41%) GraphQL
18 26 (1.27%) Apache Beam
Miscellaneous
1 152 (7.40%) Public Cloud
2 104 (5.06%) User Experience
3 96 (4.67%) Cloud Native
4 65 (3.16%) Hybrid Cloud
5 62 (3.02%) Data Protection Act
6 45 (2.19%) Mobile App
7 37 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
7 37 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
8 36 (1.75%) Data Structures
8 36 (1.75%) Social Media
9 34 (1.65%) Data Centre
10 31 (1.51%) Management Information System
11 29 (1.41%) Hedge funds
12 27 (1.31%) iPad
13 26 (1.27%) Algorithms
14 22 (1.07%) Legacy Applications
15 20 (0.97%) Private Cloud
16 17 (0.83%) PKI
17 16 (0.78%) FMCG
17 16 (0.78%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 205 (9.98%) Linux
2 137 (6.67%) Windows
3 67 (3.26%) Unix
4 59 (2.87%) Android
5 39 (1.90%) Apple iOS
6 36 (1.75%) Windows Server
7 22 (1.07%) Windows 10
8 19 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 18 (0.88%) VMS
10 15 (0.73%) Windows Server 2016
10 15 (0.73%) Windows Server 2019
11 10 (0.49%) Debian
12 9 (0.44%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.34%) Solaris
13 7 (0.34%) Ubuntu
14 6 (0.29%) Windows 7
15 5 (0.24%) CentOS
15 5 (0.24%) Mac OS X
15 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.19%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 664 (32.31%) DevOps
2 623 (30.32%) Agile Software Development
3 449 (21.85%) Analytics
4 292 (14.21%) Microservices
5 255 (12.41%) Migration
6 203 (9.88%) Business Intelligence
7 171 (8.32%) Problem-Solving
8 168 (8.18%) Infrastructure as Code
9 156 (7.59%) Scrum
10 142 (6.91%) ETL
11 140 (6.81%) Continuous Integration
12 133 (6.47%) Open Source
13 132 (6.42%) Test Automation
14 129 (6.28%) Artificial Intelligence
15 123 (5.99%) Software Engineering
16 120 (5.84%) E-Commerce
17 119 (5.79%) Data Engineering
17 119 (5.79%) Data Modelling
18 114 (5.55%) Cybersecurity
18 114 (5.55%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 550 (26.76%) Python
2 430 (20.92%) Java
3 379 (18.44%) SQL
4 207 (10.07%) JavaScript
5 98 (4.77%) Scala
6 91 (4.43%) Bash Shell
7 86 (4.18%) C#
8 85 (4.14%) Go
9 58 (2.82%) C++
9 58 (2.82%) Groovy
10 57 (2.77%) Ruby
11 53 (2.58%) PowerShell
12 49 (2.38%) TypeScript
13 46 (2.24%) R
14 40 (1.95%) Kotlin
15 32 (1.56%) Java 11
16 30 (1.46%) PHP
17 20 (0.97%) Java 8
17 20 (0.97%) Perl
18 18 (0.88%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 109 (5.30%) Degree
2 100 (4.87%) Security Cleared
3 81 (3.94%) SC Cleared
4 50 (2.43%) CISSP
5 34 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.46%) Cisco Certification
7 24 (1.17%) CISM
8 21 (1.02%) DBS Check
9 20 (0.97%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 19 (0.92%) DV Cleared
11 17 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.68%) CCSP
13 12 (0.58%) CISA
14 11 (0.54%) GIAC
14 11 (0.54%) ISEB
14 11 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
15 9 (0.44%) RIBA
16 8 (0.39%) PMI Certification
17 7 (0.34%) CCIE
17 7 (0.34%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.58%) Data Quality
2 50 (2.43%) Accessibility
3 44 (2.14%) GDPR
4 40 (1.95%) QA
5 27 (1.31%) NIST
6 24 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 17 (0.83%) SLA
8 16 (0.78%) WCAG
9 11 (0.54%) NCSC
10 5 (0.24%) COBIT
10 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.24%) GxP
10 5 (0.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 5 (0.24%) PMO
11 4 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
11 4 (0.19%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.19%) SOC 2
12 3 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.097%) HIPAA
System Software
1 292 (14.21%) Docker
2 85 (4.14%) Active Directory
3 58 (2.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (1.07%) NFS
4 22 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.73%) Hyper-V
6 14 (0.68%) OpenAM
7 13 (0.63%) KVM
7 13 (0.63%) VMware NSX
8 11 (0.54%) vSphere
9 10 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (0.49%) Xen
10 8 (0.39%) HDFS
11 7 (0.34%) OpenIDM
11 7 (0.34%) SRDF
12 5 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.15%) Ceph
13 3 (0.15%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 3 (0.15%) Squid
13 3 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 464 (22.58%) Kubernetes
2 381 (18.54%) Terraform
3 227 (11.05%) Ansible
4 100 (4.87%) Opscode Chef
5 67 (3.26%) Puppet
6 50 (2.43%) Grafana
7 48 (2.34%) Istio
8 27 (1.31%) Prometheus
9 25 (1.22%) SCCM
9 25 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (0.88%) Kibana
10 18 (0.88%) Packer
11 10 (0.49%) Argo
12 9 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.39%) Consul
14 7 (0.34%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 7 (0.34%) vCenter Server
15 6 (0.29%) Jamf Pro
16 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Intune
17 4 (0.19%) Knative
Vendors
1 267 (12.99%) Microsoft
2 107 (5.21%) Oracle
3 98 (4.77%) Adobe
4 75 (3.65%) VMware
5 56 (2.73%) Apple
5 56 (2.73%) Salesforce.com
6 44 (2.14%) Cisco
7 42 (2.04%) Splunk
8 38 (1.85%) IBM
8 38 (1.85%) SAP
9 27 (1.31%) Teradata
10 24 (1.17%) Red Hat
11 23 (1.12%) Atlassian
11 23 (1.12%) MuleSoft
12 22 (1.07%) Databricks
13 18 (0.88%) Facebook
13 18 (0.88%) Hotjar
14 17 (0.83%) NetApp
15 16 (0.78%) Sitecore
16 15 (0.73%) ServiceNow