Period
to 5 March 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Google products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Google over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within Google.

Google
UK
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 89 82 110
Rank change year-on-year -7 +28 +56
Contract jobs citing Google 1,238 1,819 2,362
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.55% 2.68% 2.39%
As % of the Vendors category 6.10% 6.35% 5.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,115 1,271 1,557
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £319
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £465 £444
% change year-on-year +2.15% +4.79% +4.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 25 43
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.00 £15.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +75.00% +26.18% -40.80%
10th Percentile £15.99 £11.96 £9.55
90th Percentile £48.55 £39.31 £38.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £19.00 £15.85
% change year-on-year +31.58% +19.87% +3.93%

Google is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 20,298 28,650 41,541
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.75% 42.27% 42.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,820 18,084 26,058
Median daily rate £473 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £255 £213 £258
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 695 1,160 1,468
Median hourly rate £23.00 £18.70 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.99% +6.86% +2.34%
10th Percentile £11.39 £11.85 £10.75
90th Percentile £61.15 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £19.00 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +8.57% +6.06% +4.04%

Google
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Google as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Google in the UK

Google
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Google.

Daily rate trend for Google in the UK

Google
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Google over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Google in the UK

Google
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Google.

Hourly rate trend for Google in the UK

Google
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Google over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Google in the UK

Google
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Google within the UK over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 962 £500 - 665
London -16 627 £525 -4.55% 287
Work from Home +11 472 £550 -8.33% 132
UK excluding London -12 328 £475 +2.15% 406
South East +28 103 £450 - 74
North of England -21 82 £488 +2.63% 160
Yorkshire +1 44 £488 -2.50% 57
Midlands -9 35 £450 +12.50% 55
Wales +17 33 £525 +5.00% 12
Scotland +4 28 £420 -20.00% 17
South West -11 27 £456 -3.95% 53
North West +9 22 £377 -8.17% 81
West Midlands -10 22 £475 +18.75% 42
East of England +27 20 £595 +58.53% 32
North East +6 15 £575 +16.16% 22
East Midlands +20 13 £350 -24.32% 13

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Google also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Google.

1 790 (63.81%) GCP
2 405 (32.71%) AWS
3 379 (30.61%) Azure
4 378 (30.53%) DevOps
5 332 (26.82%) Agile Software Development
6 329 (26.58%) Kubernetes
7 328 (26.49%) Python
8 316 (25.53%) Java
9 251 (20.27%) Terraform
10 225 (18.17%) Microservices
11 221 (17.85%) SQL
12 216 (17.45%) Analytics
13 206 (16.64%) Docker
14 204 (16.48%) Finance
15 195 (15.75%) BigQuery
16 177 (14.30%) Jenkins
17 160 (12.92%) Git (software)
18 155 (12.52%) Banking
19 150 (12.12%) Node.js
20 147 (11.87%) Microsoft
21 142 (11.47%) JavaScript
22 140 (11.31%) Google Analytics
23 131 (10.58%) Ansible
24 126 (10.18%) Linux
25 115 (9.29%) ETL
26 112 (9.05%) Data Warehouse
27 111 (8.97%) Migration
28 100 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
29 98 (7.92%) Big Data
30 96 (7.75%) JIRA

Google
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (4.93%) Apache
2 48 (3.88%) nginx
3 47 (3.80%) Apache Spark
4 41 (3.31%) Confluence
5 31 (2.50%) Cloud Foundry
5 31 (2.50%) CMS
6 22 (1.78%) Apache Airflow
7 19 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
8 15 (1.21%) Tomcat
9 14 (1.13%) SharePoint
10 13 (1.05%) WebSphere
11 11 (0.89%) OpenStack
11 11 (0.89%) WebSphere Application Server
12 9 (0.73%) WordPress
13 8 (0.65%) SAS
14 7 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 5 (0.40%) IIS
16 5 (0.40%) JBoss
17 4 (0.32%) Documentum
Applications
1 47 (3.80%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.65%) Sketch
5 7 (0.57%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.48%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.40%) Adobe XD
7 5 (0.40%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.32%) InVision
8 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.32%) Zeplin
9 3 (0.24%) Acrobat
10 2 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.16%) Figma
11 1 (0.081%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.081%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 7 (0.57%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.48%) Magento
3 4 (0.32%) Shopify
4 2 (0.16%) Fredhopper
4 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.16%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.081%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.081%) FastStats
5 1 (0.081%) FastStats PeopleStage
5 1 (0.081%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.081%) Maximo
5 1 (0.081%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.081%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.081%) Radian6
5 1 (0.081%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.081%) Toggl
Cloud Services
1 790 (63.81%) GCP
2 405 (32.71%) AWS
3 379 (30.61%) Azure
4 140 (11.31%) Google Analytics
5 85 (6.87%) PaaS
6 74 (5.98%) GitHub
7 71 (5.74%) IaaS
8 63 (5.09%) Serverless
9 53 (4.28%) Cloud Computing
10 45 (3.63%) SaaS
11 43 (3.47%) Apigee
11 43 (3.47%) npm
12 34 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
13 33 (2.67%) OpenShift
14 31 (2.50%) Power Platform
15 28 (2.26%) Cloud Functions
16 22 (1.78%) AWS CloudFormation
16 22 (1.78%) G Suite
16 22 (1.78%) Microsoft 365
17 21 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.18%) DNS
2 23 (1.86%) HTTP
3 20 (1.62%) Firewall
4 19 (1.53%) Internet
5 17 (1.37%) Network Security
5 17 (1.37%) TCP/IP
6 15 (1.21%) SSL
7 10 (0.81%) SAN
8 9 (0.73%) Unified Communications
8 9 (0.73%) WAN
9 8 (0.65%) Intranet
10 7 (0.57%) DHCP
10 7 (0.57%) LAN
10 7 (0.57%) Multicast
11 6 (0.48%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (0.48%) SSH
12 5 (0.40%) BGP
12 5 (0.40%) Cisco Nexus
12 5 (0.40%) Kerberos
13 4 (0.32%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (15.75%) BigQuery
2 112 (9.05%) Data Warehouse
3 98 (7.92%) Big Data
4 75 (6.06%) Cloud Spanner
5 66 (5.33%) Bigtable
6 63 (5.09%) PostgreSQL
7 59 (4.77%) NoSQL
8 47 (3.80%) MySQL
8 47 (3.80%) Tableau
9 40 (3.23%) SQL Server
10 34 (2.75%) Relational Database
11 31 (2.50%) Hadoop
11 31 (2.50%) MongoDB
12 30 (2.42%) Power BI
13 27 (2.18%) Data Mart
14 26 (2.10%) Amazon Redshift
15 15 (1.21%) DB2
15 15 (1.21%) Looker
16 13 (1.05%) Snowflake Schema
17 12 (0.97%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 177 (14.30%) Jenkins
2 160 (12.92%) Git (software)
3 96 (7.75%) JIRA
4 86 (6.95%) Maven
5 61 (4.93%) CircleCI
6 48 (3.88%) Gradle
6 48 (3.88%) Travis CI
7 47 (3.80%) gulp
8 36 (2.91%) GitLab
9 26 (2.10%) Cucumber
10 23 (1.86%) JUnit
11 19 (1.53%) Sonatype Nexus
12 18 (1.45%) Bitbucket
12 18 (1.45%) Gatling
13 17 (1.37%) Artifactory
13 17 (1.37%) Selenium
14 13 (1.05%) IntelliJ
14 13 (1.05%) webpack
15 12 (0.97%) git-flow
16 10 (0.81%) Android Studio
General
1 204 (16.48%) Finance
2 155 (12.52%) Banking
3 72 (5.82%) Marketing
4 69 (5.57%) Public Sector
5 35 (2.83%) Telecoms
6 31 (2.50%) Retail
7 16 (1.29%) Games
8 15 (1.21%) Electronics
9 14 (1.13%) Retail Banking
10 12 (0.97%) Automotive
10 12 (0.97%) Front Office
11 11 (0.89%) Billing
11 11 (0.89%) Legal
12 10 (0.81%) Advertising
12 10 (0.81%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.73%) Publishing
14 8 (0.65%) Investment Banking
14 8 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.57%) Back Office
16 6 (0.48%) Law
Job Titles
1 282 (22.78%) Developer
2 202 (16.32%) Architect
3 138 (11.15%) DevOps Engineer
4 119 (9.61%) Data Engineer
5 93 (7.51%) Cloud Engineer
6 90 (7.27%) Cloud Architect
7 81 (6.54%) Analyst
8 55 (4.44%) Java Developer
9 53 (4.28%) Consultant
10 45 (3.63%) Full Stack Developer
11 43 (3.47%) Java Engineer
12 42 (3.39%) Security Architect
13 33 (2.67%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 33 (2.67%) Solutions Architect
14 32 (2.58%) Software Engineer
15 27 (2.18%) AWS Engineer
15 27 (2.18%) Data Architect
15 27 (2.18%) React Developer
16 25 (2.02%) Python Engineer
17 24 (1.94%) Cloud Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (12.12%) Node.js
2 91 (7.35%) HTML
3 82 (6.62%) React
4 79 (6.38%) CSS
4 79 (6.38%) Web Services
5 76 (6.14%) AngularJS
6 72 (5.82%) RESTful
7 68 (5.49%) .NET
8 65 (5.25%) REST
9 58 (4.68%) Kafka
10 49 (3.96%) OAuth
11 47 (3.80%) JSON
12 41 (3.31%) GraphQL
13 39 (3.15%) Redux
14 38 (3.07%) Spring
15 35 (2.83%) .NET Core
16 28 (2.26%) Elastic Stack
16 28 (2.26%) HTML5
17 26 (2.10%) Apache Beam
18 24 (1.94%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 100 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
2 74 (5.98%) Public Cloud
3 67 (5.41%) User Experience
4 49 (3.96%) Cloud Native
5 37 (2.99%) Hybrid Cloud
6 33 (2.67%) Data Structures
7 29 (2.34%) Greenfield Project
8 24 (1.94%) Mobile App
8 24 (1.94%) Social Media
9 23 (1.86%) Data Centre
10 22 (1.78%) Hedge funds
10 22 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
11 19 (1.53%) Management Information System
12 18 (1.45%) iPad
12 18 (1.45%) Private Cloud
13 16 (1.29%) Credit Risk
13 16 (1.29%) FMCG
14 15 (1.21%) Algorithms
15 14 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
16 11 (0.89%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 126 (10.18%) Linux
2 82 (6.62%) Windows
3 43 (3.47%) Android
4 41 (3.31%) Unix
5 22 (1.78%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.05%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.57%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.40%) Embedded Linux
9 5 (0.40%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.32%) Solaris
10 4 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.32%) zOS
11 3 (0.24%) AIX
11 3 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.24%) Kali Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.16%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 378 (30.53%) DevOps
2 332 (26.82%) Agile Software Development
3 225 (18.17%) Microservices
4 216 (17.45%) Analytics
5 115 (9.29%) ETL
6 111 (8.97%) Migration
7 96 (7.75%) Mentoring
8 92 (7.43%) Software Engineering
8 92 (7.43%) TDD
9 91 (7.35%) Problem-Solving
10 85 (6.87%) Scrum
11 81 (6.54%) Open Source
12 75 (6.06%) Infrastructure as Code
13 70 (5.65%) BDD
14 64 (5.17%) Test Automation
15 63 (5.09%) E-Commerce
15 63 (5.09%) Project Management
16 60 (4.85%) Cybersecurity
17 58 (4.68%) Continuous Integration
17 58 (4.68%) OO
Programming Languages
1 328 (26.49%) Python
2 316 (25.53%) Java
3 221 (17.85%) SQL
4 142 (11.47%) JavaScript
5 89 (7.19%) Go
6 56 (4.52%) Groovy
7 54 (4.36%) TypeScript
8 50 (4.04%) C#
9 47 (3.80%) Bash Shell
10 44 (3.55%) Scala
11 36 (2.91%) Ruby
12 30 (2.42%) PowerShell
13 26 (2.10%) Perl
14 21 (1.70%) PHP
15 20 (1.62%) R
16 19 (1.53%) Shell Script
17 18 (1.45%) PL/SQL
18 17 (1.37%) Java 8
19 14 (1.13%) C++
19 14 (1.13%) ES6
Qualifications
1 61 (4.93%) Degree
2 56 (4.52%) Security Cleared
3 46 (3.72%) SC Cleared
4 18 (1.45%) CISSP
5 17 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (1.05%) CISM
7 12 (0.97%) DBS Check
8 8 (0.65%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.57%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 7 (0.57%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.57%) CCNA
10 6 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.48%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.48%) PMI Certification
10 6 (0.48%) PMP
10 6 (0.48%) Sun Certification
11 5 (0.40%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.32%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (5.25%) QA
2 17 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 14 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 13 (1.05%) GDPR
4 13 (1.05%) NCSC
5 11 (0.89%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 9 (0.73%) NIST
6 9 (0.73%) WCAG
7 7 (0.57%) PMO
8 4 (0.32%) Basel III
8 4 (0.32%) SLA
9 3 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
9 3 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.081%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.081%) ISO 15022
11 1 (0.081%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.081%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.081%) MiFID
11 1 (0.081%) Solvency II
System Software
1 206 (16.64%) Docker
2 48 (3.88%) Virtual Machines
3 41 (3.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (2.10%) Active Directory
5 11 (0.89%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (0.73%) vSphere
7 8 (0.65%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
8 7 (0.57%) Xen
9 6 (0.48%) NFS
10 5 (0.40%) HDFS
10 5 (0.40%) KVM
11 4 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.32%) SRDF
12 2 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.16%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.16%) XenApp
12 2 (0.16%) XenDesktop
13 1 (0.081%) Apache Flume
13 1 (0.081%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 329 (26.58%) Kubernetes
2 251 (20.27%) Terraform
3 131 (10.58%) Ansible
4 70 (5.65%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (3.39%) Argo
6 40 (3.23%) Puppet
7 27 (2.18%) Istio
8 26 (2.10%) Kibana
9 22 (1.78%) Grafana
10 16 (1.29%) Prometheus
11 15 (1.21%) logstash
12 14 (1.13%) Consul
13 13 (1.05%) SCCM
14 12 (0.97%) Packer
14 12 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (0.97%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 10 (0.81%) vRealize
16 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Intune
17 6 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
17 6 (0.48%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 147 (11.87%) Microsoft
2 69 (5.57%) Oracle
3 67 (5.41%) VMware
4 39 (3.15%) Splunk
5 38 (3.07%) Apple
6 35 (2.83%) IBM
7 33 (2.67%) Adobe
8 27 (2.18%) SAP
9 22 (1.78%) Facebook
10 21 (1.70%) MuleSoft
11 20 (1.62%) AppDynamics
11 20 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
12 15 (1.21%) HP
12 15 (1.21%) Red Hat
13 13 (1.05%) Cisco
14 10 (0.81%) Optimizely
14 10 (0.81%) ServiceNow
15 8 (0.65%) CA
15 8 (0.65%) Dynatrace
15 8 (0.65%) EMC