Period
to 16 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 16 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
16 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 171 212 191
Rank change year-on-year +41 -21 +53
Contract jobs citing IaaS 773 717 1,442
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.46% 1.22% 1.50%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.19% 4.04% 5.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 490 448 959
10th Percentile £380 £364 £400
25th Percentile £425 £425 £444
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £588 £625 £625
90th Percentile £688 £703 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £505 £520 £525
% change year-on-year -2.88% -0.95% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 2 4
10th Percentile £19.45 £15.73 £22.45
25th Percentile £46.50 £20.94 £37.75
Median hourly rate £60.00 £29.75 £49.75
Median % change year-on-year +101.68% -40.20% -9.55%
75th Percentile £63.00 £38.44 £55.50
90th Percentile " £43.58 £61.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.00 £47.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -21.28% -1.05% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,469 17,736 26,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.78% 30.26% 27.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,345 12,422 18,465
10th Percentile £313 £285 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £455
% change year-on-year - -1.10% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 333 281 260
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.75 £11.00
25th Percentile £15.25 £16.25 £13.20
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -0.23%
75th Percentile £45.00 £39.31 £26.01
90th Percentile £61.20 £57.50 £48.86
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.17 £17.00
% change year-on-year +1.75% +12.74% +4.62%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 16 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 16 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 611 £500 -4.76% 294
London +44 350 £500 -13.04% 117
Work from Home -57 282 £500 +1.01% 63
UK excluding London -3 241 £505 -2.88% 192
South East +33 88 £500 -4.76% 49
Midlands +35 47 £550 - 29
North of England -1 43 £519 +5.06% 60
West Midlands +7 32 £550 - 22
Yorkshire +10 25 £525 +0.96% 15
South West +34 20 £468 -10.95% 20
Scotland -22 18 £425 -8.11% 4
North West +5 16 £513 +13.89% 42
East of England +33 15 £530 +11.58% 20
East Midlands +35 11 £475 -5.00% 7
Wales +18 9 £513 +2.50% 10
North East +21 2 £525 +5.00% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 16 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 571 (73.87%) PaaS
2 505 (65.33%) Azure
3 310 (40.10%) DevOps
4 270 (34.93%) AWS
5 256 (33.12%) SaaS
6 227 (29.37%) Microsoft
7 206 (26.65%) Agile Software Development
8 181 (23.42%) Terraform
9 173 (22.38%) Windows
10 168 (21.73%) Linux
11 147 (19.02%) PowerShell
12 132 (17.08%) Kubernetes
13 130 (16.82%) Active Directory
13 130 (16.82%) Finance
14 128 (16.56%) Infrastructure as Code
15 127 (16.43%) Migration
16 119 (15.39%) Ansible
17 115 (14.88%) Docker
18 111 (14.36%) GCP
19 107 (13.84%) Microsoft 365
19 107 (13.84%) VMware
20 102 (13.20%) Python
21 101 (13.07%) Public Cloud
22 100 (12.94%) Microservices
23 97 (12.55%) SQL
24 95 (12.29%) Java
24 95 (12.29%) Jenkins
24 95 (12.29%) Security Cleared
25 91 (11.77%) Git (software)
26 81 (10.48%) Firewall

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (5.30%) SharePoint
2 30 (3.88%) Confluence
3 20 (2.59%) Cloud Foundry
4 12 (1.55%) OpenStack
5 11 (1.42%) MS Exchange
6 9 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (1.16%) WebSphere
7 8 (1.03%) Apache
8 7 (0.91%) Apache Spark
9 6 (0.78%) IIS
9 6 (0.78%) Mule
9 6 (0.78%) Skype for Business
10 5 (0.65%) NetWeaver
11 4 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.52%) JBoss
11 4 (0.52%) nginx
11 4 (0.52%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.52%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
12 3 (0.39%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 25 (3.23%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.91%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (1.03%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.26%) Remedy AR System
3 2 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.13%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.13%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 571 (73.87%) PaaS
2 505 (65.33%) Azure
3 270 (34.93%) AWS
4 256 (33.12%) SaaS
5 111 (14.36%) GCP
6 107 (13.84%) Microsoft 365
7 77 (9.96%) Azure Active Directory
8 75 (9.70%) Serverless
9 40 (5.17%) Cloud Computing
10 39 (5.05%) GitHub
11 26 (3.36%) OpenShift
12 25 (3.23%) Azure Functions
13 23 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (2.59%) Boomi
15 19 (2.46%) AWS CloudFormation
15 19 (2.46%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 19 (2.46%) Logic Apps
16 12 (1.55%) Azure Data Factory
17 11 (1.42%) Amazon ECS
17 11 (1.42%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 81 (10.48%) Firewall
2 59 (7.63%) DNS
3 45 (5.82%) WAN
4 36 (4.66%) VPN
5 30 (3.88%) DHCP
6 26 (3.36%) LAN
6 26 (3.36%) Wireless
7 25 (3.23%) Internet
7 25 (3.23%) Network Security
7 25 (3.23%) VSAN
8 17 (2.20%) Cisco Nexus
8 17 (2.20%) HTTP
8 17 (2.20%) SAN
9 15 (1.94%) NAS
10 13 (1.68%) Intranet
10 13 (1.68%) Unified Communications
10 13 (1.68%) VoIP
11 12 (1.55%) DMZ
11 12 (1.55%) TCP/IP
12 10 (1.29%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 64 (8.28%) SQL Server
2 37 (4.79%) Azure SQL Database
3 25 (3.23%) MongoDB
4 24 (3.10%) Hadoop
5 23 (2.98%) NoSQL
6 21 (2.72%) Cosmos DB
7 19 (2.46%) Relational Database
8 15 (1.94%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (1.81%) Big Data
10 13 (1.68%) DB2
11 10 (1.29%) Data Lake
11 10 (1.29%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (1.16%) MySQL
12 9 (1.16%) Redis
13 8 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 8 (1.03%) BigQuery
14 7 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
14 7 (0.91%) Power BI
15 6 (0.78%) Oracle Database
15 6 (0.78%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 95 (12.29%) Jenkins
2 91 (11.77%) Git (software)
3 43 (5.56%) JIRA
4 24 (3.10%) Maven
5 21 (2.72%) Sonatype Nexus
6 18 (2.33%) GitLab
6 18 (2.33%) TeamCity
7 16 (2.07%) Cucumber
8 15 (1.94%) Octopus Deploy
9 13 (1.68%) Bitbucket
9 13 (1.68%) Subversion
9 13 (1.68%) Visual Studio
10 12 (1.55%) SonarQube
11 11 (1.42%) Gradle
12 10 (1.29%) JMeter
12 10 (1.29%) JUnit
13 9 (1.16%) Selenium
13 9 (1.16%) webpack
14 8 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 8 (1.03%) gulp
General
1 130 (16.82%) Finance
2 78 (10.09%) Public Sector
3 48 (6.21%) Banking
4 38 (4.92%) Manufacturing
5 34 (4.40%) Marketing
5 34 (4.40%) Telecoms
6 28 (3.62%) Electronics
7 10 (1.29%) Retail
8 6 (0.78%) Law
9 5 (0.65%) Billing
10 4 (0.52%) Legal
10 4 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.39%) International Banking
11 3 (0.39%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.26%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.13%) Advertising
13 1 (0.13%) Games
13 1 (0.13%) Private Banking
13 1 (0.13%) Retail Finance
13 1 (0.13%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 237 (30.66%) Architect
2 101 (13.07%) Consultant
3 87 (11.25%) DevOps Engineer
4 84 (10.87%) Azure Engineer
4 84 (10.87%) Solutions Architect
5 74 (9.57%) Developer
6 67 (8.67%) Cloud Engineer
7 66 (8.54%) Cloud Architect
8 65 (8.41%) Azure Architect
9 56 (7.24%) Azure Consultant
10 43 (5.56%) Cloud Consultant
11 40 (5.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 38 (4.92%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 32 (4.14%) AWS Architect
14 25 (3.23%) Security Architect
15 24 (3.10%) Technical Architect
16 23 (2.98%) .NET Developer
16 23 (2.98%) Azure DevOps
17 22 (2.85%) C# Developer
18 19 (2.46%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (10.22%) .NET
2 67 (8.67%) JSON
3 59 (7.63%) Web Services
4 47 (6.08%) Node.js
5 41 (5.30%) REST
6 31 (4.01%) .NET Core
7 28 (3.62%) YAML
8 27 (3.49%) AngularJS
9 26 (3.36%) Spring
10 24 (3.10%) XML
11 20 (2.59%) CSS
11 20 (2.59%) HTML
12 18 (2.33%) Spring Boot
13 17 (2.20%) Middleware
14 15 (1.94%) OAuth
15 14 (1.81%) React
15 14 (1.81%) RESTful
16 13 (1.68%) LDAP
16 13 (1.68%) Vue.js
17 12 (1.55%) Ember.js
Miscellaneous
1 101 (13.07%) Public Cloud
2 67 (8.67%) Data Centre
3 65 (8.41%) Cloud Native
4 60 (7.76%) Hybrid Cloud
5 40 (5.17%) Management Information System
5 40 (5.17%) Private Cloud
6 23 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
7 21 (2.72%) Analytical Skills
8 20 (2.59%) PKI
9 18 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
10 17 (2.20%) Replication
11 16 (2.07%) Clustering
12 11 (1.42%) CMDB
12 11 (1.42%) Data Structures
12 11 (1.42%) Mobile App
12 11 (1.42%) Wiki
13 10 (1.29%) AS400
13 10 (1.29%) iPad
14 9 (1.16%) Virtual Team
15 8 (1.03%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 173 (22.38%) Windows
2 168 (21.73%) Linux
3 49 (6.34%) Windows Server
4 45 (5.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 31 (4.01%) Unix
6 18 (2.33%) Windows Server 2008
7 17 (2.20%) VMS
8 15 (1.94%) Windows Server 2016
9 14 (1.81%) Apple iOS
10 13 (1.68%) Windows 10
11 12 (1.55%) Solaris
12 11 (1.42%) Ubuntu
12 11 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (1.16%) Android
13 9 (1.16%) CentOS
13 9 (1.16%) Debian
13 9 (1.16%) Windows Server 2019
14 8 (1.03%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.91%) SUSE
16 6 (0.78%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 310 (40.10%) DevOps
2 206 (26.65%) Agile Software Development
3 128 (16.56%) Infrastructure as Code
4 127 (16.43%) Migration
5 100 (12.94%) Microservices
6 75 (9.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 69 (8.93%) Continuous Integration
8 62 (8.02%) Software Engineering
8 62 (8.02%) TOGAF
9 60 (7.76%) Scrum
10 56 (7.24%) Technical Architecture
11 55 (7.12%) Configuration Management
11 55 (7.12%) Test Automation
12 54 (6.99%) High Availability
13 46 (5.95%) Information Security
14 44 (5.69%) Security Architecture
15 43 (5.56%) TDD
16 42 (5.43%) Business Intelligence
17 41 (5.30%) Disaster Recovery
17 41 (5.30%) SIEM
Programming Languages
1 147 (19.02%) PowerShell
2 102 (13.20%) Python
3 97 (12.55%) SQL
4 95 (12.29%) Java
5 56 (7.24%) Bash Shell
6 52 (6.73%) C#
7 49 (6.34%) JavaScript
8 27 (3.49%) Go
9 21 (2.72%) Ruby
10 14 (1.81%) Java 8
10 14 (1.81%) Perl
11 11 (1.42%) PHP
12 9 (1.16%) Kotlin
12 9 (1.16%) Scala
13 8 (1.03%) C
13 8 (1.03%) TypeScript
14 7 (0.91%) C++
15 6 (0.78%) Ada
15 6 (0.78%) VB
16 5 (0.65%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 95 (12.29%) Security Cleared
2 71 (9.18%) SC Cleared
3 26 (3.36%) Degree
4 24 (3.10%) Microsoft Certification
5 21 (2.72%) CISSP
6 19 (2.46%) DV Cleared
7 16 (2.07%) CISM
8 11 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
9 10 (1.29%) AWS Certification
9 10 (1.29%) CESG Certified Professional
10 9 (1.16%) CRISC
11 8 (1.03%) PMP
12 7 (0.91%) TOGAF Certification
13 6 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
13 6 (0.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 5 (0.65%) MCSE
14 5 (0.65%) RHCE
14 5 (0.65%) RHCSA
15 4 (0.52%) CCNA
15 4 (0.52%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (3.36%) QA
2 25 (3.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 21 (2.72%) GDPR
4 14 (1.81%) NIST
5 12 (1.55%) SLA
6 9 (1.16%) Cyber Essentials
6 9 (1.16%) NCSC
7 8 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 6 (0.78%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 6 (0.78%) JSP 440
8 6 (0.78%) NIST 800
9 5 (0.65%) COBIT
9 5 (0.65%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.65%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.26%) Basel III
12 2 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.26%) PMO
13 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
System Software
1 130 (16.82%) Active Directory
2 115 (14.88%) Docker
3 78 (10.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (3.75%) vSphere
5 27 (3.49%) Hyper-V
6 25 (3.23%) Virtual Machines
7 23 (2.98%) VMware ESXi
8 22 (2.85%) VMware NSX
9 11 (1.42%) NFS
9 11 (1.42%) Virtual Desktop
10 7 (0.91%) Xen
11 6 (0.78%) KVM
11 6 (0.78%) VMFS
11 6 (0.78%) XenApp
12 5 (0.65%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.65%) PowerHA
13 4 (0.52%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 4 (0.52%) XenDesktop
14 3 (0.39%) SRDF
14 3 (0.39%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 181 (23.42%) Terraform
2 132 (17.08%) Kubernetes
3 119 (15.39%) Ansible
4 49 (6.34%) Opscode Chef
5 39 (5.05%) Puppet
6 36 (4.66%) vRealize
7 31 (4.01%) Microsoft Intune
8 22 (2.85%) vCenter Server
9 16 (2.07%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 14 (1.81%) SCCM
11 12 (1.55%) Tivoli
12 11 (1.42%) Grafana
12 11 (1.42%) Packer
13 8 (1.03%) Prometheus
13 8 (1.03%) SCOM
14 7 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
15 6 (0.78%) vMotion
16 4 (0.52%) Istio
16 4 (0.52%) Red Hat Satellite
16 4 (0.52%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 227 (29.37%) Microsoft
2 107 (13.84%) VMware
3 72 (9.31%) Oracle
4 71 (9.18%) Google
5 56 (7.24%) Cisco
6 51 (6.60%) SAP
7 41 (5.30%) Dell
8 38 (4.92%) Red Hat
9 26 (3.36%) IBM
10 23 (2.98%) Citrix
11 20 (2.59%) Splunk
12 16 (2.07%) BMC
12 16 (2.07%) New Relic
13 13 (1.68%) CA
14 12 (1.55%) HP
14 12 (1.55%) Palo Alto
15 11 (1.42%) Atlassian
16 10 (1.29%) EMC
17 9 (1.16%) NetApp
18 8 (1.03%) Juniper