Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 219 189 240
Rank change year-on-year -30 +51 -12
Contract jobs citing IaaS 853 1,494 1,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.51% 1.11%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.12% 5.83% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 956 718
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £501
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.90% +2.67%
10th Percentile £363 £392 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 2 2
UK median hourly rate £47.00 £56.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.18% +62.14% -2.78%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 £56.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +40.97% +62.14% -7.89%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 20,729 25,613 19,194
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.07% 25.81% 19.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,013 17,668 13,316
UK median daily rate £488 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £278 £310 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 315 239
UK median hourly rate £21.25 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% -12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.19 £11.50 £11.20
90th Percentile £68.75 £56.50 £53.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% +2.94% -

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 777 £525 - 310
UK excluding London -8 520 £513 +2.50% 201
London -34 313 £550 +4.76% 121
South East -16 190 £539 +5.12% 54
North of England +41 146 £475 -5.00% 54
Yorkshire +64 78 £525 +16.67% 18
Scotland -17 57 £519 +3.75% 6
Midlands +5 52 £525 +5.00% 37
South West +2 50 £500 +5.26% 24
North West +26 48 £433 -13.50% 31
West Midlands +15 48 £531 -1.44% 26
East of England +42 23 £438 -6.42% 18
North East +7 21 £425 -10.99% 5
Wales +12 7 £500 -28.57% 10
East Midlands +16 4 £415 -10.03% 11

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 651 (76.32%) Azure
2 647 (75.85%) PaaS
3 353 (41.38%) Microsoft
4 348 (40.80%) SaaS
5 347 (40.68%) DevOps
6 282 (33.06%) Windows
7 256 (30.01%) PowerShell
8 255 (29.89%) AWS
9 226 (26.49%) Agile Software Development
10 214 (25.09%) SQL
11 194 (22.74%) Active Directory
12 173 (20.28%) Migration
13 158 (18.52%) VMware
14 151 (17.70%) Ansible
15 131 (15.36%) Firewall
16 126 (14.77%) Azure Active Directory
16 126 (14.77%) Terraform
17 120 (14.07%) Kubernetes
18 117 (13.72%) Finance
18 117 (13.72%) DNS
19 116 (13.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 115 (13.48%) Linux
21 114 (13.36%) Office 365
22 112 (13.13%) VMware Infrastructure
22 112 (13.13%) SQL Server
23 110 (12.90%) Infrastructure as Code
24 107 (12.54%) Windows Server
25 104 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
26 102 (11.96%) .NET
26 102 (11.96%) Public Cloud

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (3.05%) Skype for Business
2 25 (2.93%) SharePoint
3 22 (2.58%) MS Exchange
4 21 (2.46%) Confluence
4 21 (2.46%) IIS
5 20 (2.34%) OpenStack
6 12 (1.41%) Exchange Server 2010
7 11 (1.29%) Cloud Foundry
8 9 (1.06%) Apache
9 8 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
9 8 (0.94%) Exchange Server 2013
10 6 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (0.70%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.47%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.35%) CMS
12 3 (0.35%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.35%) Hyperledger
12 3 (0.35%) Jetty
12 3 (0.35%) nginx
Applications
1 44 (5.16%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.35%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.12%) Maya
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
1 5 (0.59%) Oracle Cash Management
2 4 (0.47%) Elite 3E
3 3 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.35%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.23%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.12%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.12%) Quorum
5 1 (0.12%) Sprinklr
5 1 (0.12%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 651 (76.32%) Azure
2 647 (75.85%) PaaS
3 348 (40.80%) SaaS
4 255 (29.89%) AWS
5 126 (14.77%) Azure Active Directory
6 114 (13.36%) Office 365
7 79 (9.26%) GCP
8 60 (7.03%) Power Platform
9 55 (6.45%) Serverless
10 45 (5.28%) Cloud Computing
11 33 (3.87%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 30 (3.52%) OpenShift
13 27 (3.17%) GitHub
14 23 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
15 19 (2.23%) Azure Functions
16 18 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
17 17 (1.99%) Amazon S3
18 13 (1.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 12 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 12 (1.41%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 131 (15.36%) Firewall
2 117 (13.72%) DNS
3 74 (8.68%) VPN
4 56 (6.57%) DHCP
5 52 (6.10%) TCP/IP
6 50 (5.86%) SAN
7 43 (5.04%) Network Security
8 33 (3.87%) Internet
9 31 (3.63%) WAN
10 29 (3.40%) NAS
11 26 (3.05%) LAN
12 25 (2.93%) Reverse Proxy
13 21 (2.46%) Skype
14 14 (1.64%) Wi-Fi
15 12 (1.41%) MPLS
15 12 (1.41%) VoIP
16 11 (1.29%) Wireless
17 10 (1.17%) NetScaler
18 9 (1.06%) BGP
18 9 (1.06%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (13.13%) SQL Server
2 60 (7.03%) Power BI
3 59 (6.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 56 (6.57%) Azure SQL Database
5 44 (5.16%) Data Lake
6 35 (4.10%) Data Warehouse
7 32 (3.75%) HDInsight
8 21 (2.46%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (2.46%) SQL Server 2016
9 18 (2.11%) MySQL
10 17 (1.99%) Big Data
11 16 (1.88%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 16 (1.88%) NoSQL
11 16 (1.88%) Relational Database
12 14 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
13 13 (1.52%) Cosmos DB
14 12 (1.41%) Oracle Database
14 12 (1.41%) RDBMS
15 11 (1.29%) MongoDB
16 10 (1.17%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 67 (7.85%) Jenkins
2 63 (7.39%) Git (software)
3 45 (5.28%) JIRA
3 45 (5.28%) Visual Studio Team System
4 44 (5.16%) Visual Studio
5 27 (3.17%) TeamCity
6 21 (2.46%) Octopus Deploy
6 21 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
7 17 (1.99%) GitLab
8 16 (1.88%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (1.52%) Artifactory
10 12 (1.41%) Selenium
11 11 (1.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 10 (1.17%) Bitbucket
13 9 (1.06%) Subversion
14 8 (0.94%) Cucumber
15 5 (0.59%) IBM UrbanCode
15 5 (0.59%) Zephyr
16 4 (0.47%) Grunt
16 4 (0.47%) gulp
General
1 117 (13.72%) Finance
2 71 (8.32%) Public Sector
3 24 (2.81%) Banking
4 20 (2.34%) Telecoms
5 15 (1.76%) Marketing
6 14 (1.64%) Retail
7 13 (1.52%) Manufacturing
8 12 (1.41%) Billing
9 8 (0.94%) Electronics
10 6 (0.70%) Advertising
10 6 (0.70%) Back Office
10 6 (0.70%) Legal
11 5 (0.59%) Investment Banking
12 4 (0.47%) Front Office
12 4 (0.47%) German Language
12 4 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.35%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.35%) French Language
13 3 (0.35%) Law
14 2 (0.23%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 287 (33.65%) Architect
2 124 (14.54%) Azure Engineer
3 123 (14.42%) DevOps Engineer
4 86 (10.08%) Azure Architect
5 84 (9.85%) Cloud Architect
6 77 (9.03%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 73 (8.56%) Solutions Architect
8 68 (7.97%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 57 (6.68%) Azure DevOps
9 57 (6.68%) Cloud Engineer
10 56 (6.57%) Consultant
11 52 (6.10%) Developer
12 36 (4.22%) Security Architect
13 33 (3.87%) Technical Architect
14 29 (3.40%) Analyst
15 26 (3.05%) AWS Engineer
16 25 (2.93%) Cloud Consultant
17 24 (2.81%) Azure Consultant
18 20 (2.34%) AWS Architect
18 20 (2.34%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (11.96%) .NET
2 78 (9.14%) Web Services
3 43 (5.04%) JSON
4 27 (3.17%) Node.js
5 26 (3.05%) OAuth
5 26 (3.05%) REST
6 23 (2.70%) AngularJS
7 22 (2.58%) XML
8 19 (2.23%) SAML
9 18 (2.11%) .NET Core
9 18 (2.11%) YAML
10 16 (1.88%) Middleware
11 14 (1.64%) .NET Framework
11 14 (1.64%) ASP.NET
11 14 (1.64%) React
12 12 (1.41%) OpenID
13 11 (1.29%) HTML
13 11 (1.29%) LDAP
13 11 (1.29%) RESTful
14 10 (1.17%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 102 (11.96%) Public Cloud
2 76 (8.91%) Data Centre
3 61 (7.15%) Hybrid Cloud
4 39 (4.57%) Enterprise Software
4 39 (4.57%) Replication
5 37 (4.34%) Cloud Native
6 29 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
6 29 (3.40%) Private Cloud
7 25 (2.93%) Clustering
7 25 (2.93%) Management Information System
8 20 (2.34%) PKI
9 15 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
11 10 (1.17%) User Experience
12 9 (1.06%) Enterprise Storage
12 9 (1.06%) Social Media
13 8 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (0.94%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.82%) Mainframe
14 7 (0.82%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 282 (33.06%) Windows
2 115 (13.48%) Linux
3 107 (12.54%) Windows Server
4 49 (5.74%) Windows 10
5 36 (4.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 33 (3.87%) Windows Server 2012
7 27 (3.17%) Unix
7 27 (3.17%) Windows Server 2008
8 23 (2.70%) VMS
9 10 (1.17%) Windows 7
10 8 (0.94%) Android
11 7 (0.82%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.59%) Apple iOS
13 4 (0.47%) CentOS
14 3 (0.35%) Solaris
14 3 (0.35%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.23%) AIX
15 2 (0.23%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.23%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 347 (40.68%) DevOps
2 226 (26.49%) Agile Software Development
3 173 (20.28%) Migration
4 116 (13.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 110 (12.90%) Infrastructure as Code
6 104 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
7 85 (9.96%) Analytics
8 78 (9.14%) Business Intelligence
9 76 (8.91%) Continuous Delivery
10 72 (8.44%) Microservices
10 72 (8.44%) Test Automation
11 59 (6.92%) ITIL
12 58 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
13 56 (6.57%) Scrum
14 54 (6.33%) SOA
15 53 (6.21%) Information Security
16 52 (6.10%) Data Management
17 49 (5.74%) Disaster Recovery
18 45 (5.28%) Configuration Management
19 44 (5.16%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 256 (30.01%) PowerShell
2 214 (25.09%) SQL
3 93 (10.90%) Python
4 59 (6.92%) C#
5 58 (6.80%) Java
6 41 (4.81%) Bash Shell
7 36 (4.22%) JavaScript
8 28 (3.28%) Ruby
8 28 (3.28%) T-SQL
9 18 (2.11%) Perl
10 17 (1.99%) C
11 16 (1.88%) Shell Script
12 8 (0.94%) Go
12 8 (0.94%) PHP
12 8 (0.94%) TypeScript
13 6 (0.70%) R
14 5 (0.59%) C++
14 5 (0.59%) VBScript
15 4 (0.47%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.47%) VB
Qualifications
1 100 (11.72%) Security Cleared
2 70 (8.21%) SC Cleared
3 66 (7.74%) Degree
4 42 (4.92%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (2.70%) DV Cleared
6 21 (2.46%) MCSE
7 16 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (1.52%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (1.52%) MCSA
9 12 (1.41%) CCNA
10 8 (0.94%) CISSP
11 7 (0.82%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 6 (0.70%) MCITP
12 6 (0.70%) MCP
13 5 (0.59%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.59%) CISM
13 5 (0.59%) Citrix Certification
13 5 (0.59%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.47%) RIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 18 (2.11%) GDPR
3 16 (1.88%) QA
4 10 (1.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 9 (1.06%) Data Quality
5 9 (1.06%) NIST
5 9 (1.06%) SLA
6 8 (0.94%) NCSC
7 5 (0.59%) GxP
8 4 (0.47%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 3 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.35%) HL7
9 3 (0.35%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.23%) COBIT
10 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.23%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 194 (22.74%) Active Directory
2 112 (13.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 95 (11.14%) Docker
4 80 (9.38%) Virtual Machines
5 53 (6.21%) Hyper-V
6 39 (4.57%) vSphere
7 28 (3.28%) VMware ESXi
8 25 (2.93%) VMware NSX
9 10 (1.17%) XenApp
10 9 (1.06%) XenDesktop
11 7 (0.82%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.70%) VMware Workstation
13 5 (0.59%) Terminal Services
14 4 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
14 4 (0.47%) vCloud
15 3 (0.35%) HDFS
15 3 (0.35%) NFS
15 3 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
16 2 (0.23%) NDS
16 2 (0.23%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 151 (17.70%) Ansible
2 126 (14.77%) Terraform
3 120 (14.07%) Kubernetes
4 65 (7.62%) Puppet
5 61 (7.15%) Opscode Chef
6 56 (6.57%) SCCM
7 35 (4.10%) Microsoft Intune
8 27 (3.17%) Single Sign-On
9 19 (2.23%) SCOM
10 18 (2.11%) Microsoft Clustering
11 14 (1.64%) WSUS
12 13 (1.52%) vRealize
13 12 (1.41%) vCenter Server
14 10 (1.17%) NetBackup
15 8 (0.94%) Nagios
15 8 (0.94%) Salt
16 7 (0.82%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 6 (0.70%) CA Single Sign-On
17 6 (0.70%) CASB
17 6 (0.70%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 353 (41.38%) Microsoft
2 158 (18.52%) VMware
3 61 (7.15%) Cisco
3 61 (7.15%) Google
4 51 (5.98%) Oracle
5 48 (5.63%) Citrix
6 32 (3.75%) Splunk
7 21 (2.46%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.99%) HP
8 17 (1.99%) SAP
9 16 (1.88%) Dell
9 16 (1.88%) NetApp
10 15 (1.76%) EMC
10 15 (1.76%) Informatica
10 15 (1.76%) Symantec
11 12 (1.41%) IBM
11 12 (1.41%) Meraki
11 12 (1.41%) Qualys
11 12 (1.41%) Tableau
12 11 (1.29%) CA