Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 160 205 235
Rank change year-on-year +45 +30 +15
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,470 424 1,031
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.74% 1.35% 1.22%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.90% 4.24% 4.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,038 284 638
10th Percentile £425 £361 £368
25th Percentile £475 £413 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £625
90th Percentile £738 £660 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £478 £525
% change year-on-year +9.95% -9.05% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 3 29
10th Percentile " " £60.70
25th Percentile £28.00 " £71.25
Median hourly rate £61.50 £14.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +339.29% -82.50% -
75th Percentile £65.00 £49.50 £82.50
90th Percentile £79.02 £70.80 £84.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 - £80.00

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 30,007 9,991 24,549
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.57% 31.72% 29.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,630 6,992 17,129
10th Percentile £325 £313 £286
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 463 147 366
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.25 £13.50
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.48 £16.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £21.86 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.93% +6.63% +17.14%
75th Percentile £46.50 £40.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £65.45 £55.00 £61.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -7.50% - +14.29%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 1,176 £550 +10.00% 349
London +33 684 £550 +10.00% 146
Work from Home -3 461 £550 +10.00% 77
UK excluding London -8 443 £525 +9.95% 223
North of England +12 147 £525 +5.00% 65
South East -51 107 £525 -4.55% 65
Midlands -37 70 £525 +23.53% 38
Yorkshire -5 69 £525 +10.53% 17
South West +5 68 £525 +16.67% 18
North West -4 62 £525 - 42
West Midlands -30 45 £525 +20.00% 28
Scotland -73 29 £500 +29.45% 19
East Midlands -24 25 £545 +34.57% 10
Wales - 18 £613 - 4
North East +3 17 £565 +18.95% 6
East of England -51 7 £400 +23.08% 14

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,161 (78.98%) PaaS
2 933 (63.47%) Azure
3 718 (48.84%) DevOps
4 509 (34.63%) SaaS
5 471 (32.04%) AWS
6 432 (29.39%) Terraform
7 430 (29.25%) Agile Software Development
8 394 (26.80%) Microsoft
9 335 (22.79%) Kubernetes
10 327 (22.24%) Infrastructure as Code
11 307 (20.88%) Windows
12 299 (20.34%) Linux
13 281 (19.12%) Finance
14 279 (18.98%) PowerShell
15 271 (18.44%) Migration
16 265 (18.03%) Social Skills
17 241 (16.39%) Ansible
18 239 (16.26%) Python
19 227 (15.44%) Docker
20 220 (14.97%) SQL
21 210 (14.29%) Microservices
22 205 (13.95%) Active Directory
23 194 (13.20%) VMware
23 194 (13.20%) Serverless
24 179 (12.18%) Public Cloud
25 172 (11.70%) Security Cleared
26 165 (11.22%) Jenkins
27 155 (10.54%) SC Cleared
28 152 (10.34%) Firewall
29 149 (10.14%) Java

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (3.74%) SharePoint
2 35 (2.38%) Confluence
3 34 (2.31%) IIS
4 31 (2.11%) Apache Spark
5 26 (1.77%) Apache
6 23 (1.56%) Tomcat
7 22 (1.50%) MS Exchange
8 19 (1.29%) OpenStack
9 18 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
10 16 (1.09%) JBoss
11 15 (1.02%) WebSphere
12 12 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
12 12 (0.82%) nginx
13 11 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 10 (0.68%) Skype for Business
15 8 (0.54%) CMS
16 5 (0.34%) NetWeaver
17 4 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2010
17 4 (0.27%) WebLogic
17 4 (0.27%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 30 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.61%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 11 (0.75%) Oracle ERP
2 10 (0.68%) Oracle Applications
3 7 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.41%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.27%) Sentinel
6 3 (0.20%) Primavera
6 3 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.068%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.068%) Cerner Millennium
8 1 (0.068%) iTrent
8 1 (0.068%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.068%) Shopify
8 1 (0.068%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.068%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,161 (78.98%) PaaS
2 933 (63.47%) Azure
3 509 (34.63%) SaaS
4 471 (32.04%) AWS
5 194 (13.20%) Serverless
6 141 (9.59%) GitHub
7 133 (9.05%) GCP
8 132 (8.98%) Microsoft 365
9 127 (8.64%) Azure Active Directory
10 81 (5.51%) AWS CloudFormation
11 74 (5.03%) Azure Functions
12 69 (4.69%) AWS Lambda
13 56 (3.81%) Cloud Computing
14 48 (3.27%) OpenShift
15 44 (2.99%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 43 (2.93%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 41 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
18 35 (2.38%) Azure Storage
19 34 (2.31%) Azure App Service
20 32 (2.18%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 152 (10.34%) Firewall
2 79 (5.37%) DNS
3 77 (5.24%) WAN
4 75 (5.10%) Network Security
5 59 (4.01%) VPN
6 51 (3.47%) SSL
7 46 (3.13%) LAN
8 33 (2.24%) Internet
8 33 (2.24%) SAN
8 33 (2.24%) TCP/IP
9 26 (1.77%) HTTP
10 23 (1.56%) IPsec
11 22 (1.50%) DHCP
12 21 (1.43%) Wireless
13 18 (1.22%) Kerberos
13 18 (1.22%) SD-WAN
14 15 (1.02%) Skype
14 15 (1.02%) Wi-Fi
15 13 (0.88%) NAS
16 12 (0.82%) IKE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (9.12%) SQL Server
2 98 (6.67%) Big Data
3 63 (4.29%) NoSQL
4 61 (4.15%) PostgreSQL
5 59 (4.01%) Azure SQL Database
6 55 (3.74%) MongoDB
7 53 (3.61%) Data Lake
8 36 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
9 35 (2.38%) Hadoop
10 34 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 27 (1.84%) BigQuery
12 26 (1.77%) Relational Database
13 21 (1.43%) DB2
13 21 (1.43%) MySQL
14 20 (1.36%) Metadata
15 19 (1.29%) Tableau
16 16 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (0.95%) Looker
17 14 (0.95%) Power BI
18 13 (0.88%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 165 (11.22%) Jenkins
2 130 (8.84%) Git (software)
3 70 (4.76%) JIRA
4 42 (2.86%) GitLab
4 42 (2.86%) Selenium
5 36 (2.45%) TeamCity
6 31 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
7 30 (2.04%) Cucumber
7 30 (2.04%) Gradle
7 30 (2.04%) Subversion
8 28 (1.90%) Maven
9 26 (1.77%) Artifactory
9 26 (1.77%) Bitbucket
10 24 (1.63%) SonarQube
11 17 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
12 14 (0.95%) Postman
13 11 (0.75%) Cypress.io
14 10 (0.68%) JUnit
14 10 (0.68%) Visual Studio
15 9 (0.61%) SoapUI
General
1 281 (19.12%) Finance
2 265 (18.03%) Social Skills
3 123 (8.37%) Public Sector
4 60 (4.08%) Analytical Skills
4 60 (4.08%) Banking
5 52 (3.54%) Telecoms
6 47 (3.20%) Marketing
7 45 (3.06%) Manufacturing
8 35 (2.38%) Electronics
9 22 (1.50%) Law
10 21 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
11 17 (1.16%) Games
11 17 (1.16%) Legal
11 17 (1.16%) Retail
12 15 (1.02%) Influencing Skills
12 15 (1.02%) Organisational Skills
13 13 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
14 11 (0.75%) Local Government
15 10 (0.68%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.54%) Billing
Job Titles
1 491 (33.40%) Architect
2 265 (18.03%) Azure Engineer
3 194 (13.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 151 (10.27%) Azure Architect
5 136 (9.25%) Solutions Architect
6 127 (8.64%) Cloud Architect
6 127 (8.64%) Cloud Engineer
7 119 (8.10%) Developer
8 89 (6.05%) AWS Engineer
8 89 (6.05%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 81 (5.51%) Consultant
10 76 (5.17%) Azure DevOps
11 69 (4.69%) Technical Architect
12 54 (3.67%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 54 (3.67%) Senior Architect
13 52 (3.54%) Security Architect
14 49 (3.33%) AWS Architect
15 47 (3.20%) Platform Engineer
16 46 (3.13%) Azure Consultant
17 41 (2.79%) Cloud Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 124 (8.44%) Web Services
2 93 (6.33%) .NET
3 90 (6.12%) JSON
4 74 (5.03%) REST
5 71 (4.83%) ARM Templates
5 71 (4.83%) Node.js
6 63 (4.29%) YAML
7 59 (4.01%) Kafka
8 44 (2.99%) OAuth
9 34 (2.31%) .NET Core
10 33 (2.24%) AngularJS
11 28 (1.90%) SOAP
12 27 (1.84%) OpenID
13 26 (1.77%) Middleware
14 24 (1.63%) OAuth2
14 24 (1.63%) Oracle Fusion
14 24 (1.63%) React
14 24 (1.63%) Spring
15 23 (1.56%) SAML
16 22 (1.50%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 179 (12.18%) Public Cloud
2 126 (8.57%) Data Centre
3 121 (8.23%) Cloud Native
4 104 (7.07%) Hybrid Cloud
5 86 (5.85%) Data Protection Act
6 63 (4.29%) Management Information System
7 46 (3.13%) Private Cloud
8 29 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
9 27 (1.84%) Data Structures
10 26 (1.77%) Clustering
11 25 (1.70%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 25 (1.70%) PKI
12 24 (1.63%) Mobile App
13 22 (1.50%) CMDB
13 22 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
14 19 (1.29%) Enterprise Cloud
14 19 (1.29%) Replication
15 16 (1.09%) User Experience
16 15 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
17 10 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 307 (20.88%) Windows
2 299 (20.34%) Linux
3 107 (7.28%) Windows Server
4 57 (3.88%) Unix
5 55 (3.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 37 (2.52%) VMS
7 35 (2.38%) Windows Server 2016
8 27 (1.84%) Windows Server 2019
9 26 (1.77%) Windows Server 2012
10 20 (1.36%) Windows 10
11 14 (0.95%) CoreOS
12 12 (0.82%) CentOS
12 12 (0.82%) SUSE
13 9 (0.61%) AIX
13 9 (0.61%) Android
14 8 (0.54%) Ubuntu
14 8 (0.54%) Windows 7
15 7 (0.48%) Apple iOS
15 7 (0.48%) Solaris
15 7 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 718 (48.84%) DevOps
2 430 (29.25%) Agile Software Development
3 327 (22.24%) Infrastructure as Code
4 271 (18.44%) Migration
5 210 (14.29%) Microservices
6 138 (9.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 125 (8.50%) Data Protection
8 120 (8.16%) Analytics
9 112 (7.62%) Continuous Delivery
10 107 (7.28%) Continuous Integration
11 97 (6.60%) ITIL
12 95 (6.46%) Problem-Solving
13 94 (6.39%) Information Security
14 93 (6.33%) Enterprise Architecture
15 92 (6.26%) Test Automation
16 90 (6.12%) Configuration Management
17 88 (5.99%) Software Engineering
18 78 (5.31%) Business Intelligence
18 78 (5.31%) Cybersecurity
19 75 (5.10%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 279 (18.98%) PowerShell
2 239 (16.26%) Python
3 220 (14.97%) SQL
4 149 (10.14%) Java
5 120 (8.16%) Bash Shell
6 99 (6.73%) JavaScript
7 81 (5.51%) C#
8 34 (2.31%) Ruby
9 22 (1.50%) Go
10 21 (1.43%) Shell Script
11 19 (1.29%) C++
12 18 (1.22%) PL/SQL
13 17 (1.16%) Perl
14 15 (1.02%) PHP
15 13 (0.88%) TypeScript
16 12 (0.82%) C
16 12 (0.82%) Groovy
17 11 (0.75%) T-SQL
18 10 (0.68%) VB
19 9 (0.61%) VBA
Qualifications
1 172 (11.70%) Security Cleared
2 155 (10.54%) SC Cleared
3 54 (3.67%) Degree
4 31 (2.11%) Microsoft Certification
5 26 (1.77%) CISSP
6 24 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
7 22 (1.50%) AWS Certification
7 22 (1.50%) TOGAF Certification
8 18 (1.22%) DV Cleared
8 18 (1.22%) MCSE
9 17 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
10 14 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
11 12 (0.82%) CISM
12 10 (0.68%) CRISC
12 10 (0.68%) FFIEC
13 9 (0.61%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 9 (0.61%) SANS
14 8 (0.54%) APMP
14 8 (0.54%) CCIE
14 8 (0.54%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (3.74%) GDPR
2 45 (3.06%) QA
3 35 (2.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 32 (2.18%) SLA
5 31 (2.11%) NIST
6 23 (1.56%) Data Quality
7 17 (1.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 16 (1.09%) NIST 800
9 14 (0.95%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 10 (0.68%) GAAP
11 10 (0.68%) SOC 2
12 9 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
13 6 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.41%) PMO
14 5 (0.34%) COBIT
14 5 (0.34%) FedRAMP
15 3 (0.20%) GRC
15 3 (0.20%) ISO 22301
16 2 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 227 (15.44%) Docker
2 205 (13.95%) Active Directory
3 130 (8.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 79 (5.37%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (2.31%) VMware ESXi
6 30 (2.04%) Hyper-V
7 28 (1.90%) Virtual Desktop
8 15 (1.02%) VMware Workstation
9 14 (0.95%) vCloud
10 13 (0.88%) vSphere
11 11 (0.75%) VMware NSX
12 8 (0.54%) NFS
13 7 (0.48%) RACF
14 5 (0.34%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.27%) KVM
15 4 (0.27%) Squid
15 4 (0.27%) Veritas File System
15 4 (0.27%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 3 (0.20%) Terminal Services
16 3 (0.20%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 432 (29.39%) Terraform
2 335 (22.79%) Kubernetes
3 241 (16.39%) Ansible
4 61 (4.15%) Puppet
5 46 (3.13%) SCCM
6 40 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
7 39 (2.65%) Microsoft Intune
8 28 (1.90%) Prometheus
9 24 (1.63%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 22 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
11 15 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.88%) MIIS
13 12 (0.82%) Grafana
14 11 (0.75%) QRadar
15 10 (0.68%) Netcool
15 10 (0.68%) vCenter Server
16 9 (0.61%) CASB
16 9 (0.61%) FortiGate
16 9 (0.61%) Tivoli
16 9 (0.61%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 394 (26.80%) Microsoft
2 194 (13.20%) VMware
3 128 (8.71%) Oracle
4 96 (6.53%) Google
5 67 (4.56%) SAP
6 65 (4.42%) Cisco
7 60 (4.08%) Splunk
8 53 (3.61%) Red Hat
9 52 (3.54%) Databricks
10 49 (3.33%) Citrix
11 35 (2.38%) ServiceNow
12 32 (2.18%) IBM
13 23 (1.56%) EMC
14 22 (1.50%) Palo Alto
15 21 (1.43%) AppDynamics
16 19 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
17 17 (1.16%) Dell
17 17 (1.16%) F5
17 17 (1.16%) NetApp
18 15 (1.02%) CA