Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 196 220 273
Rank change year-on-year +24 +53 +50
Contract jobs citing IaaS 427 1,172 1,034
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.29% 1.01%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.03% 4.52% 4.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 297 771 707
Median daily rate £500 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +2.94% +2.00%
10th Percentile £364 £400 £375
90th Percentile £688 £700 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £520 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +1.46% +7.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 24 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £76.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.10% +69.44% -10.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 -
% change year-on-year -56.25% - -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,584 25,912 22,507
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.63% 28.52% 21.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,949 17,715 15,444
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.44%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £306
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £473 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 242 390 330
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +59.09% +15.79% -
10th Percentile £15.23 £13.25 £11.75
90th Percentile £51.75 £71.50 £72.63
Median hourly rate £25.50 £22.34 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.17% +27.63% -1.41%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 389 £500 -4.76% 138
UK excluding London +9 212 £520 +1.46% 88
London +12 192 £500 -9.09% 54
South East -11 83 £545 +3.81% 37
Work from Home +6 65 £500 -20.00% 21
Midlands +41 39 £444 -15.96% 12
North of England +73 38 £525 +5.00% 19
Scotland +54 25 £398 +2.71% 4
West Midlands +32 23 £450 -15.53% 4
Yorkshire +75 20 £513 +2.50% 9
East Midlands +65 16 £405 -10.00% 8
South West +69 15 £513 -2.38% 11
North West +61 15 £525 +2.44% 10
East of England +68 13 £436 -27.29% 6
North East +33 3 £538 +13.16%

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 327 (76.58%) PaaS
2 304 (71.19%) Azure
3 179 (41.92%) Microsoft
3 179 (41.92%) DevOps
4 153 (35.83%) Windows
5 152 (35.60%) SaaS
6 134 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
7 109 (25.53%) AWS
8 93 (21.78%) PowerShell
8 93 (21.78%) Migration
9 85 (19.91%) Firewall
9 85 (19.91%) Linux
10 84 (19.67%) Active Directory
11 82 (19.20%) SQL
12 79 (18.50%) DNS
13 67 (15.69%) Finance
14 64 (14.99%) Business Intelligence
14 64 (14.99%) Terraform
15 63 (14.75%) Security Cleared
15 63 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
16 61 (14.29%) Public Cloud
17 59 (13.82%) Office 365
18 56 (13.11%) VMware
19 53 (12.41%) VPN
20 52 (12.18%) Java
21 48 (11.24%) Public Sector
21 48 (11.24%) Kubernetes
22 47 (11.01%) Docker
23 46 (10.77%) Virtual Machines
24 45 (10.54%) Windows Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.22%) Confluence
2 17 (3.98%) SharePoint
3 12 (2.81%) Skype for Business
4 9 (2.11%) MS Exchange
5 7 (1.64%) CMS
5 7 (1.64%) JBoss
6 5 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.94%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 4 (0.94%) NetWeaver
7 4 (0.94%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.94%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.70%) Apache
8 3 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.70%) Exchange Server 2010
8 3 (0.70%) Mule
8 3 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 17 (3.98%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.94%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.70%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.47%) Siebel CRM
3 2 (0.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.23%) Elite 3E
4 1 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 327 (76.58%) PaaS
2 304 (71.19%) Azure
3 152 (35.60%) SaaS
4 109 (25.53%) AWS
5 59 (13.82%) Office 365
6 44 (10.30%) Power Platform
7 36 (8.43%) GCP
8 24 (5.62%) Azure Active Directory
9 20 (4.68%) Serverless
10 17 (3.98%) GitHub
11 15 (3.51%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 13 (3.04%) Slack
13 12 (2.81%) Azure Functions
14 11 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
14 11 (2.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (2.58%) Cloud Computing
15 9 (2.11%) Amazon ELB
15 9 (2.11%) Stackdriver
16 8 (1.87%) OneDrive
17 6 (1.41%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 85 (19.91%) Firewall
2 79 (18.50%) DNS
3 53 (12.41%) VPN
4 39 (9.13%) WAN
5 33 (7.73%) DHCP
6 23 (5.39%) Wireless
7 18 (4.22%) Skype
8 17 (3.98%) DMZ
9 15 (3.51%) Internet
9 15 (3.51%) Network Security
9 15 (3.51%) SAN
9 15 (3.51%) TCP/IP
10 13 (3.04%) LAN
10 13 (3.04%) MPLS
11 12 (2.81%) Intranet
12 9 (2.11%) Remote Desktop
13 8 (1.87%) NetScaler
14 7 (1.64%) VoIP
15 6 (1.41%) Kerberos
15 6 (1.41%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (10.07%) SQL Server
2 41 (9.60%) Power BI
3 33 (7.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 25 (5.85%) Azure SQL Database
5 24 (5.62%) MySQL
6 22 (5.15%) Data Lake
7 21 (4.92%) HDInsight
8 16 (3.75%) Cosmos DB
8 16 (3.75%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (3.28%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (2.81%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 12 (2.81%) Hadoop
11 10 (2.34%) Big Data
11 10 (2.34%) SQL Server 2016
12 7 (1.64%) DB2
12 7 (1.64%) MongoDB
12 7 (1.64%) Oracle Database
13 5 (1.17%) BigQuery
13 5 (1.17%) SAP HANA
14 4 (0.94%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 38 (8.90%) Git (software)
1 38 (8.90%) Jenkins
2 31 (7.26%) JIRA
3 27 (6.32%) Visual Studio
4 13 (3.04%) GitLab
5 11 (2.58%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
6 8 (1.87%) Sonatype Nexus
7 7 (1.64%) Cucumber
7 7 (1.64%) Cypress.io
7 7 (1.64%) Jasmine
7 7 (1.64%) WebDriver
8 6 (1.41%) Maven
8 6 (1.41%) Subversion
8 6 (1.41%) Visual Studio Team System
9 5 (1.17%) Artifactory
10 4 (0.94%) JMeter
10 4 (0.94%) Team Foundation Server
11 3 (0.70%) IntelliJ
11 3 (0.70%) Mockito
11 3 (0.70%) Xcode
General
1 67 (15.69%) Finance
2 48 (11.24%) Public Sector
3 23 (5.39%) Manufacturing
4 21 (4.92%) Banking
4 21 (4.92%) Telecoms
5 15 (3.51%) Electronics
5 15 (3.51%) Marketing
6 9 (2.11%) Pharmaceutical
7 8 (1.87%) Retail
8 6 (1.41%) Investment Banking
9 4 (0.94%) French Language
9 4 (0.94%) Law
9 4 (0.94%) Spanish Language
10 3 (0.70%) Front Office
10 3 (0.70%) German Language
11 2 (0.47%) Games
11 2 (0.47%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.23%) Billing
12 1 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.23%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 119 (27.87%) Architect
2 59 (13.82%) DevOps Engineer
3 50 (11.71%) Azure Engineer
4 40 (9.37%) Solutions Architect
5 34 (7.96%) Developer
6 33 (7.73%) Azure Architect
7 27 (6.32%) Consultant
7 27 (6.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 26 (6.09%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 24 (5.62%) Cloud Architect
10 22 (5.15%) Cloud Engineer
11 20 (4.68%) Windows Engineer
12 19 (4.45%) Azure DevOps
13 18 (4.22%) Technical Architect
14 17 (3.98%) Office 365 Engineer
15 16 (3.75%) Security Architect
16 15 (3.51%) Azure Consultant
17 13 (3.04%) Infrastructure Architect
17 13 (3.04%) Linux Engineer
18 12 (2.81%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (6.56%) .NET
2 21 (4.92%) REST
3 19 (4.45%) JSON
4 18 (4.22%) Web Services
5 17 (3.98%) RESTful
6 14 (3.28%) Middleware
7 13 (3.04%) XML
8 12 (2.81%) Velocity
9 11 (2.58%) Spring
10 10 (2.34%) LDAP
10 10 (2.34%) Node.js
10 10 (2.34%) Oracle Fusion
11 9 (2.11%) React
11 9 (2.11%) SOAP
12 8 (1.87%) Gherkin
13 7 (1.64%) AngularJS
13 7 (1.64%) OAuth
13 7 (1.64%) OpenID
13 7 (1.64%) SAML
13 7 (1.64%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 61 (14.29%) Public Cloud
2 39 (9.13%) Data Centre
3 33 (7.73%) Hybrid Cloud
4 30 (7.03%) PKI
5 19 (4.45%) Self-Motivation
6 16 (3.75%) Replication
7 13 (3.04%) Analytical Skills
8 11 (2.58%) Private Cloud
8 11 (2.58%) Social Media
9 10 (2.34%) Cloud Native
9 10 (2.34%) Clustering
10 9 (2.11%) Client/Server
10 9 (2.11%) Management Information System
10 9 (2.11%) User Experience
10 9 (2.11%) Virtual Team
11 8 (1.87%) Augmented Reality
11 8 (1.87%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 7 (1.64%) FMCG
13 6 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
14 5 (1.17%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 153 (35.83%) Windows
2 85 (19.91%) Linux
3 45 (10.54%) Windows Server
4 35 (8.20%) Windows 10
5 28 (6.56%) Unix
6 21 (4.92%) Windows Server 2016
7 16 (3.75%) Windows Server 2008
7 16 (3.75%) Windows Server 2012
8 15 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (3.28%) Windows Server 2019
10 7 (1.64%) Android
10 7 (1.64%) Apple iOS
11 6 (1.41%) Solaris
11 6 (1.41%) VMS
12 3 (0.70%) CentOS
12 3 (0.70%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.70%) Windows NT
12 3 (0.70%) Windows XP
13 2 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 179 (41.92%) DevOps
2 134 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (21.78%) Migration
4 64 (14.99%) Business Intelligence
5 63 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
6 45 (10.54%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 44 (10.30%) Microservices
7 44 (10.30%) Test Automation
8 43 (10.07%) Infrastructure as Code
9 42 (9.84%) Continuous Delivery
10 37 (8.67%) Analytics
10 37 (8.67%) Scrum
11 33 (7.73%) Data Management
12 30 (7.03%) ITIL
12 30 (7.03%) Service Management
13 24 (5.62%) Configuration Management
13 24 (5.62%) High Availability
13 24 (5.62%) Project Delivery
13 24 (5.62%) TOGAF
14 23 (5.39%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 93 (21.78%) PowerShell
2 82 (19.20%) SQL
3 52 (12.18%) Java
4 44 (10.30%) Python
5 21 (4.92%) C#
5 21 (4.92%) JavaScript
6 18 (4.22%) Perl
7 13 (3.04%) Shell Script
8 12 (2.81%) Bash Shell
8 12 (2.81%) C
9 11 (2.58%) Ruby
10 7 (1.64%) Go
11 5 (1.17%) Groovy
11 5 (1.17%) TypeScript
12 3 (0.70%) Apple Swift
12 3 (0.70%) Java 8
12 3 (0.70%) Kotlin
12 3 (0.70%) PHP
12 3 (0.70%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.47%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 63 (14.75%) Security Cleared
2 42 (9.84%) SC Cleared
3 18 (4.22%) Degree
4 14 (3.28%) DV Cleared
4 14 (3.28%) Microsoft Certification
5 12 (2.81%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (2.34%) AWS Certification
7 8 (1.87%) CISSP
7 8 (1.87%) MCSE
8 6 (1.41%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (1.17%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.70%) CCNA
10 3 (0.70%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.70%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 2 (0.47%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 2 (0.47%) CCNP
11 2 (0.47%) CISM
11 2 (0.47%) MCSA
11 2 (0.47%) MCTS
12 1 (0.23%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.98%) GDPR
2 11 (2.58%) QA
3 6 (1.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.94%) COBIT
4 4 (0.94%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.94%) SLA
5 3 (0.70%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.47%) GxP
7 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.23%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.23%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.23%) PMO
System Software
1 84 (19.67%) Active Directory
2 47 (11.01%) Docker
3 46 (10.77%) Virtual Machines
4 40 (9.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 19 (4.45%) VMware ESXi
6 17 (3.98%) Hyper-V
7 13 (3.04%) vSphere
8 8 (1.87%) Virtual Desktop
8 8 (1.87%) VMware NSX
8 8 (1.87%) XenApp
9 7 (1.64%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.94%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 4 (0.94%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.94%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.70%) vCloud
12 2 (0.47%) NFS
12 2 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 1 (0.23%) KVM
13 1 (0.23%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 64 (14.99%) Terraform
2 48 (11.24%) Kubernetes
3 45 (10.54%) Ansible
4 35 (8.20%) Microsoft Intune
5 23 (5.39%) SCCM
6 22 (5.15%) Puppet
7 20 (4.68%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (3.04%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (2.11%) Salt
10 8 (1.87%) Nessus
10 8 (1.87%) SCOM
10 8 (1.87%) vCenter Server
11 6 (1.41%) Data Guard
11 6 (1.41%) Norton AntiVirus
12 5 (1.17%) AirWatch
13 4 (0.94%) McAfee ePO
13 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Clustering
13 4 (0.94%) Packer
13 4 (0.94%) Red Hat Satellite
13 4 (0.94%) vRealize
Vendors
1 179 (41.92%) Microsoft
2 56 (13.11%) VMware
3 42 (9.84%) Oracle
4 39 (9.13%) Cisco
5 26 (6.09%) SAP
6 24 (5.62%) Google
7 23 (5.39%) Splunk
8 21 (4.92%) Citrix
9 20 (4.68%) Informatica
10 17 (3.98%) Palo Alto
11 15 (3.51%) Red Hat
12 14 (3.28%) SaltStack
13 13 (3.04%) Fortinet
14 12 (2.81%) Tableau
15 11 (2.58%) ServiceNow
16 10 (2.34%) AppDynamics
16 10 (2.34%) Hortonworks
17 9 (2.11%) HP
17 9 (2.11%) Symantec
18 8 (1.87%) Dell