Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 148 230 217
Rank change year-on-year +82 -13 +52
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,314 423 1,184
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.83% 1.15% 1.29%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.18% 3.77% 4.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 910 265 767
10th Percentile £400 £363 £400
25th Percentile £463 £435 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £523 £525
Median % change year-on-year +2.87% -0.48% +2.94%
75th Percentile £638 £613 £619
90th Percentile £725 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £525 £503
% change year-on-year - +4.48% +5.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 1 16
10th Percentile £14.00 " £49.13
25th Percentile £28.00 £12.25 £69.38
Median hourly rate £55.50 £12.50 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +344.00% -84.38% +45.45%
75th Percentile £62.44 £12.75 £83.75
90th Percentile £63.00 " £86.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 - £80.00

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,387 11,218 26,237
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.38% 30.54% 28.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,229 7,907 18,208
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
25th Percentile £419 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +3.60% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £576
90th Percentile £688 £685 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 398 165 324
10th Percentile £12.04 £13.25 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.50 £15.25
Median hourly rate £21.03 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.13% -2.44% +17.14%
75th Percentile £45.00 £37.00 £36.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £54.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +17.65%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +75 1,056 £525 - 377
London +75 608 £539 +7.75% 177
Work from Home -21 443 £550 +4.76% 74
UK excluding London +30 396 £525 - 208
North of England +55 130 £525 - 67
South East -36 91 £490 -10.91% 44
Midlands -6 77 £525 +5.00% 46
Yorkshire +22 61 £525 -2.33% 24
West Midlands -7 56 £525 - 29
North West +4 50 £525 +5.00% 33
South West +8 48 £500 -4.76% 25
Scotland -51 25 £475 +19.35% 5
East Midlands -6 21 £470 +1.62% 17
North East +12 19 £565 +5.12% 10
East of England -6 13 £530 -3.64% 17
Wales +4 11 £650 +30.00% 4
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,034 (78.69%) PaaS
2 855 (65.07%) Azure
3 641 (48.78%) DevOps
4 436 (33.18%) AWS
5 425 (32.34%) SaaS
6 375 (28.54%) Terraform
7 363 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
8 342 (26.03%) Microsoft
9 287 (21.84%) Linux
10 278 (21.16%) Windows
11 272 (20.70%) Kubernetes
12 257 (19.56%) Infrastructure as Code
13 243 (18.49%) Finance
14 240 (18.26%) PowerShell
15 235 (17.88%) Social Skills
16 226 (17.20%) Python
17 220 (16.74%) Ansible
18 216 (16.44%) Migration
19 188 (14.31%) SQL
20 181 (13.77%) Public Cloud
21 175 (13.32%) Active Directory
22 173 (13.17%) Docker
23 169 (12.86%) VMware
24 164 (12.48%) Microservices
24 164 (12.48%) Serverless
25 148 (11.26%) Microsoft 365
26 145 (11.04%) GCP
27 142 (10.81%) Jenkins
28 140 (10.65%) Infrastructure Engineering
29 137 (10.43%) Git (software)

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (5.94%) SharePoint
2 41 (3.12%) Confluence
3 28 (2.13%) IIS
4 24 (1.83%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.52%) Tomcat
6 17 (1.29%) Apache
6 17 (1.29%) MS Exchange
7 14 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (1.07%) WebSphere
8 13 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
9 12 (0.91%) JBoss
10 11 (0.84%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.76%) CMS
12 8 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 7 (0.53%) nginx
13 7 (0.53%) Skype for Business
14 6 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
15 5 (0.38%) NetWeaver
15 5 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
16 4 (0.30%) Drupal
Applications
1 39 (2.97%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.91%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.38%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 10 (0.76%) Sentinel
2 9 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.53%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.46%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.23%) Primavera
6 3 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.076%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.076%) iTrent
7 1 (0.076%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.076%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.076%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.076%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,034 (78.69%) PaaS
2 855 (65.07%) Azure
3 436 (33.18%) AWS
4 425 (32.34%) SaaS
5 164 (12.48%) Serverless
6 148 (11.26%) Microsoft 365
7 145 (11.04%) GCP
8 126 (9.59%) Azure Active Directory
9 125 (9.51%) GitHub
10 65 (4.95%) Azure Functions
11 61 (4.64%) OpenShift
12 57 (4.34%) AWS Lambda
13 48 (3.65%) Cloud Computing
14 47 (3.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 41 (3.12%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 32 (2.44%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 28 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
17 28 (2.13%) Azure Logic Apps
17 28 (2.13%) Azure Pipelines
18 25 (1.90%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 112 (8.52%) Firewall
2 68 (5.18%) DNS
3 60 (4.57%) WAN
4 39 (2.97%) Network Security
5 38 (2.89%) LAN
6 37 (2.82%) SAN
6 37 (2.82%) VPN
7 31 (2.36%) SSL
8 28 (2.13%) TCP/IP
9 27 (2.05%) Internet
10 24 (1.83%) DHCP
10 24 (1.83%) HTTP
11 23 (1.75%) Wireless
12 22 (1.67%) NAS
13 15 (1.14%) Kerberos
14 11 (0.84%) Skype
14 11 (0.84%) Unified Communications
15 10 (0.76%) iSCSI
15 10 (0.76%) SD-WAN
15 10 (0.76%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (8.45%) SQL Server
2 99 (7.53%) Big Data
3 53 (4.03%) Azure SQL Database
4 52 (3.96%) MongoDB
5 50 (3.81%) PostgreSQL
6 48 (3.65%) NoSQL
7 42 (3.20%) Data Lake
8 38 (2.89%) Hadoop
9 25 (1.90%) BigQuery
9 25 (1.90%) Relational Database
10 23 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
11 22 (1.67%) MySQL
12 19 (1.45%) DB2
13 18 (1.37%) Metadata
14 15 (1.14%) Tableau
15 13 (0.99%) Power BI
16 12 (0.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (0.91%) Looker
17 10 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
17 10 (0.76%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 142 (10.81%) Jenkins
2 137 (10.43%) Git (software)
3 73 (5.56%) JIRA
4 30 (2.28%) Sonatype Nexus
5 29 (2.21%) Subversion
6 27 (2.05%) GitLab
7 26 (1.98%) Maven
8 24 (1.83%) Gradle
8 24 (1.83%) TeamCity
9 22 (1.67%) Artifactory
9 22 (1.67%) Bitbucket
10 21 (1.60%) Selenium
11 20 (1.52%) Cucumber
12 19 (1.45%) Octopus Deploy
13 16 (1.22%) SonarQube
14 14 (1.07%) Visual Studio
15 9 (0.68%) JUnit
16 8 (0.61%) fastlane
16 8 (0.61%) Flyway
16 8 (0.61%) Postman
General
1 243 (18.49%) Finance
2 235 (17.88%) Social Skills
3 119 (9.06%) Public Sector
4 65 (4.95%) Marketing
5 61 (4.64%) Telecoms
6 57 (4.34%) Manufacturing
7 56 (4.26%) Banking
8 50 (3.81%) Electronics
9 47 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
10 30 (2.28%) Influencing Skills
11 21 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
12 17 (1.29%) Documentation Skills
13 14 (1.07%) Organisational Skills
14 10 (0.76%) Legal
15 9 (0.68%) Law
16 5 (0.38%) Billing
16 5 (0.38%) Retail
17 4 (0.30%) Aerospace
17 4 (0.30%) Games
17 4 (0.30%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 415 (31.58%) Architect
2 232 (17.66%) Azure Engineer
3 181 (13.77%) DevOps Engineer
4 138 (10.50%) Azure Architect
5 132 (10.05%) Solutions Architect
6 120 (9.13%) Developer
7 117 (8.90%) Cloud Architect
8 104 (7.91%) Cloud Engineer
9 99 (7.53%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 93 (7.08%) Consultant
11 78 (5.94%) AWS Engineer
12 73 (5.56%) Azure DevOps
13 58 (4.41%) Technical Architect
14 56 (4.26%) Azure Consultant
15 52 (3.96%) AWS Architect
16 43 (3.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 43 (3.27%) Senior Architect
17 36 (2.74%) Cloud Consultant
17 36 (2.74%) Kubernetes Engineer
18 34 (2.59%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 118 (8.98%) .NET
1 118 (8.98%) Web Services
2 98 (7.46%) JSON
3 72 (5.48%) Node.js
4 70 (5.33%) YAML
5 62 (4.72%) REST
6 54 (4.11%) .NET Core
7 50 (3.81%) Kafka
8 44 (3.35%) AngularJS
9 33 (2.51%) OAuth
10 29 (2.21%) XML
11 26 (1.98%) React
12 25 (1.90%) Middleware
12 25 (1.90%) Spring
13 22 (1.67%) Ruby on Rails
14 21 (1.60%) SAML
15 20 (1.52%) OpenID
16 19 (1.45%) SOAP
17 17 (1.29%) Spring Boot
18 16 (1.22%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 181 (13.77%) Public Cloud
2 113 (8.60%) Cloud Native
3 102 (7.76%) Data Centre
4 96 (7.31%) Hybrid Cloud
5 74 (5.63%) Data Protection Act
6 55 (4.19%) Management Information System
7 29 (2.21%) Private Cloud
8 28 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
9 27 (2.05%) Data Structures
10 26 (1.98%) Clustering
11 25 (1.90%) CMDB
11 25 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
12 23 (1.75%) Mobile App
13 21 (1.60%) Replication
14 13 (0.99%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 13 (0.99%) iPad
14 13 (0.99%) PKI
15 11 (0.84%) AS400
15 11 (0.84%) User Experience
16 10 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 287 (21.84%) Linux
2 278 (21.16%) Windows
3 78 (5.94%) Windows Server
4 56 (4.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 55 (4.19%) Unix
6 37 (2.82%) VMS
7 31 (2.36%) Windows Server 2016
8 25 (1.90%) Windows 10
9 24 (1.83%) Windows Server 2019
10 22 (1.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 20 (1.52%) CoreOS
12 14 (1.07%) Apple iOS
12 14 (1.07%) Mac OS X
12 14 (1.07%) Solaris
13 13 (0.99%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.84%) Android
14 11 (0.84%) SUSE
15 10 (0.76%) CentOS
16 7 (0.53%) Debian
16 7 (0.53%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 641 (48.78%) DevOps
2 363 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
3 257 (19.56%) Infrastructure as Code
4 216 (16.44%) Migration
5 164 (12.48%) Microservices
6 140 (10.65%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 106 (8.07%) Data Protection
8 93 (7.08%) Continuous Delivery
8 93 (7.08%) Continuous Integration
9 89 (6.77%) Information Security
10 86 (6.54%) Software Engineering
11 85 (6.47%) Configuration Management
11 85 (6.47%) TOGAF
12 84 (6.39%) Business Intelligence
13 82 (6.24%) ITIL
14 79 (6.01%) Enterprise Architecture
15 77 (5.86%) Test Automation
16 76 (5.78%) Problem-Solving
17 74 (5.63%) Full Stack Development
18 72 (5.48%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 240 (18.26%) PowerShell
2 226 (17.20%) Python
3 188 (14.31%) SQL
4 131 (9.97%) Java
5 108 (8.22%) Bash Shell
6 89 (6.77%) JavaScript
7 84 (6.39%) C#
8 35 (2.66%) Ruby
9 29 (2.21%) Go
10 24 (1.83%) Perl
11 22 (1.67%) PHP
12 19 (1.45%) C++
13 17 (1.29%) TypeScript
14 15 (1.14%) C
15 12 (0.91%) Shell Script
16 11 (0.84%) Groovy
17 10 (0.76%) VB
17 10 (0.76%) VBScript
18 9 (0.68%) PL/SQL
19 8 (0.61%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 117 (8.90%) Security Cleared
2 104 (7.91%) SC Cleared
3 42 (3.20%) Degree
4 29 (2.21%) Microsoft Certification
5 26 (1.98%) CISSP
5 26 (1.98%) TOGAF Certification
6 24 (1.83%) AWS Certification
7 23 (1.75%) Cisco Certification
8 19 (1.45%) DV Cleared
9 15 (1.14%) CISM
9 15 (1.14%) MCSE
10 10 (0.76%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 10 (0.76%) PMP
11 9 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
11 9 (0.68%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 8 (0.61%) APMP
12 8 (0.61%) FFIEC
13 7 (0.53%) CCIE
13 7 (0.53%) CRISC
13 7 (0.53%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (3.73%) QA
2 37 (2.82%) GDPR
3 30 (2.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (1.67%) NIST
5 13 (0.99%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.99%) SLA
6 12 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 12 (0.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.61%) Accessibility
7 8 (0.61%) NIST 800
7 8 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.61%) PMO
8 6 (0.46%) SOC 2
9 5 (0.38%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.30%) COBIT
10 4 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.30%) GAAP
11 3 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.23%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 175 (13.32%) Active Directory
2 173 (13.17%) Docker
3 122 (9.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (3.88%) Virtual Machines
5 35 (2.66%) Hyper-V
6 27 (2.05%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (1.90%) vSphere
8 23 (1.75%) Virtual Desktop
9 14 (1.07%) VMware NSX
10 11 (0.84%) NFS
11 9 (0.68%) XenDesktop
12 8 (0.61%) XenApp
13 7 (0.53%) RACF
14 5 (0.38%) KVM
14 5 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
14 5 (0.38%) PowerHA
14 5 (0.38%) Xen
15 4 (0.30%) Veritas File System
15 4 (0.30%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 3 (0.23%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 375 (28.54%) Terraform
2 272 (20.70%) Kubernetes
3 220 (16.74%) Ansible
4 63 (4.79%) Puppet
5 49 (3.73%) Microsoft Intune
6 48 (3.65%) Opscode Chef
7 41 (3.12%) SCCM
8 32 (2.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 26 (1.98%) Prometheus
10 18 (1.37%) Tivoli
10 18 (1.37%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 16 (1.22%) MIIS
11 16 (1.22%) vRealize
12 14 (1.07%) Packer
12 14 (1.07%) Single Sign-On
13 11 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
14 10 (0.76%) Grafana
14 10 (0.76%) SCOM
15 9 (0.68%) QRadar
16 8 (0.61%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 342 (26.03%) Microsoft
2 169 (12.86%) VMware
3 111 (8.45%) Oracle
4 110 (8.37%) Google
5 90 (6.85%) SAP
6 61 (4.64%) Cisco
7 50 (3.81%) Red Hat
8 46 (3.50%) Citrix
9 45 (3.42%) IBM
10 37 (2.82%) Splunk
11 33 (2.51%) Dell
12 32 (2.44%) Databricks
13 30 (2.28%) ServiceNow
14 25 (1.90%) EMC
15 24 (1.83%) NetApp
16 21 (1.60%) BMC
17 20 (1.52%) HP
17 20 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
18 17 (1.29%) Palo Alto
19 13 (0.99%) 3PAR