Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 209 267 324
Rank change year-on-year +58 +57 -27
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,160 1,031 781
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.00% 0.80%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.52% 4.45% 5.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 721 671 520
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £381 £363 £347
90th Percentile £706 £638 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +0.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 1 8
UK median hourly rate £76.25 £35.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +117.86% -30.00% +51.52%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £40.06
90th Percentile £83.90 £35.00 £65.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 - £50.00

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,664 23,177 15,170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.75% 22.49% 15.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,507 15,915 10,397
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £300 £301 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 408 346 227
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £18.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.44% -10.00% +6.54%
10th Percentile £13.50 £11.25 £11.15
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.47 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.17 £17.50 £18.96
% change year-on-year +26.67% -7.70% +11.53%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 1,093 £525 +5.00% 246
UK excluding London +70 651 £525 +10.53% 179
London +54 491 £550 +4.76% 79
South East +92 358 £538 +16.22% 50
North of England +11 89 £500 +5.26% 44
Midlands +4 78 £500 +5.26% 46
West Midlands +14 65 £500 +5.26% 32
Scotland +25 46 £475 -13.64% 10
South West +2 44 £538 +4.88% 12
Yorkshire +38 41 £500 +2.56% 18
North West +10 39 £500 +5.26% 26
East of England +26 30 £590 +18.00% 15
East Midlands +13 11 £506 +19.12% 14
North East +19 9 £488 +11.43%
Wales +10 5 £600 +9.09% 2
Northern Ireland - 1 - -
Channel Islands - 1 £513 -

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 850 (73.28%) Azure
2 840 (72.41%) PaaS
3 483 (41.64%) Microsoft
4 465 (40.09%) DevOps
5 455 (39.22%) SaaS
6 358 (30.86%) AWS
7 322 (27.76%) Windows
8 320 (27.59%) Agile Software Development
9 278 (23.97%) PowerShell
10 239 (20.60%) Active Directory
11 214 (18.45%) Migration
12 208 (17.93%) Finance
13 197 (16.98%) Linux
14 173 (14.91%) Office 365
15 172 (14.83%) Security Cleared
16 165 (14.22%) Python
17 164 (14.14%) Firewall
18 158 (13.62%) SQL
18 158 (13.62%) VMware
18 158 (13.62%) Ansible
19 152 (13.10%) Terraform
20 145 (12.50%) DNS
21 142 (12.24%) Docker
22 140 (12.07%) Azure Active Directory
23 136 (11.72%) Kubernetes
24 131 (11.29%) Visual Studio Team System
25 129 (11.12%) Public Cloud
26 126 (10.86%) SC Cleared
27 121 (10.43%) Data Centre
27 121 (10.43%) Windows Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 51 (4.40%) SharePoint
2 45 (3.88%) OpenStack
3 34 (2.93%) IIS
4 31 (2.67%) Skype for Business
5 20 (1.72%) MS Exchange
6 13 (1.12%) JBoss
7 12 (1.03%) Confluence
8 10 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
9 9 (0.78%) Apache
9 9 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2013
10 7 (0.60%) CMS
10 7 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 7 (0.60%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.60%) Umbraco
11 6 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
11 6 (0.52%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
13 4 (0.34%) Apache Spark
14 3 (0.26%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 64 (5.52%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.43%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
1 9 (0.78%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.60%) Eloqua
2 7 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.60%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.086%) CiviCRM
5 1 (0.086%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.086%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.086%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.086%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.086%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.086%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 850 (73.28%) Azure
2 840 (72.41%) PaaS
3 455 (39.22%) SaaS
4 358 (30.86%) AWS
5 173 (14.91%) Office 365
6 140 (12.07%) Azure Active Directory
7 84 (7.24%) GCP
8 78 (6.72%) OpenShift
9 62 (5.34%) Power Platform
10 51 (4.40%) Serverless
11 40 (3.45%) AWS CloudFormation
12 39 (3.36%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 34 (2.93%) Dynamics 365
14 30 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
15 22 (1.90%) Azure Stack
15 22 (1.90%) iPaaS
16 21 (1.81%) GitHub
17 17 (1.47%) OneDrive
18 16 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
19 15 (1.29%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 164 (14.14%) Firewall
2 145 (12.50%) DNS
3 85 (7.33%) VPN
4 63 (5.43%) TCP/IP
5 57 (4.91%) SAN
6 54 (4.66%) WAN
7 53 (4.57%) Internet
8 49 (4.22%) DHCP
9 42 (3.62%) LAN
10 41 (3.53%) Network Security
11 33 (2.84%) NAS
11 33 (2.84%) Reverse Proxy
12 32 (2.76%) Skype
13 18 (1.55%) VSAN
14 17 (1.47%) NetScaler
14 17 (1.47%) Wireless
15 16 (1.38%) Cisco ASA
16 14 (1.21%) VLAN
17 11 (0.95%) BGP
17 11 (0.95%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (9.40%) SQL Server
2 73 (6.29%) Data Warehouse
3 61 (5.26%) Power BI
4 54 (4.66%) Azure SQL Database
5 50 (4.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 38 (3.28%) Data Lake
7 28 (2.41%) Big Data
8 27 (2.33%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 24 (2.07%) Cosmos DB
9 24 (2.07%) MySQL
10 22 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
11 19 (1.64%) SQL Server 2016
12 17 (1.47%) Data Mart
13 16 (1.38%) Oracle Database
14 12 (1.03%) Hadoop
14 12 (1.03%) NoSQL
14 12 (1.03%) Relational Database
14 12 (1.03%) SQL Server 2017
15 11 (0.95%) HDInsight
15 11 (0.95%) Redis
Development Applications
1 131 (11.29%) Visual Studio Team System
2 116 (10.00%) Jenkins
3 66 (5.69%) Git (software)
4 43 (3.71%) JIRA
4 43 (3.71%) Visual Studio
5 28 (2.41%) Team Foundation Server
6 27 (2.33%) TeamCity
7 22 (1.90%) GitLab
8 19 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
9 16 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
10 15 (1.29%) Bitbucket
10 15 (1.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 11 (0.95%) Selenium
12 8 (0.69%) Cucumber
12 8 (0.69%) SpecFlow
13 7 (0.60%) gulp
13 7 (0.60%) Jasmine
13 7 (0.60%) JMeter
13 7 (0.60%) Maven
13 7 (0.60%) webpack
General
1 208 (17.93%) Finance
2 75 (6.47%) Banking
3 57 (4.91%) Public Sector
4 30 (2.59%) Telecoms
5 27 (2.33%) Marketing
6 25 (2.16%) Billing
7 19 (1.64%) Retail
8 12 (1.03%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.03%) Legal
9 11 (0.95%) Manufacturing
10 10 (0.86%) Advertising
11 7 (0.60%) Financial Institution
11 7 (0.60%) Games
11 7 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.52%) Electronics
12 6 (0.52%) Law
12 6 (0.52%) Local Government
13 4 (0.34%) French Language
14 3 (0.26%) German Language
14 3 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 402 (34.66%) Architect
2 191 (16.47%) Azure Engineer
3 181 (15.60%) DevOps Engineer
4 151 (13.02%) Azure Architect
5 114 (9.83%) Azure DevOps
6 113 (9.74%) Cloud Architect
7 94 (8.10%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 92 (7.93%) Solutions Architect
9 89 (7.67%) Cloud Engineer
10 67 (5.78%) Technical Architect
11 62 (5.34%) Consultant
12 60 (5.17%) Developer
13 57 (4.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 51 (4.40%) Security Architect
15 42 (3.62%) Analyst
16 40 (3.45%) AWS Architect
17 36 (3.10%) Automation Engineer
18 34 (2.93%) Infrastructure Architect
19 33 (2.84%) Enterprise Architect
20 31 (2.67%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (8.79%) JSON
2 82 (7.07%) .NET
3 75 (6.47%) Web Services
4 32 (2.76%) Middleware
5 29 (2.50%) REST
6 26 (2.24%) SOAP
7 24 (2.07%) SAML
8 22 (1.90%) .NET Core
9 21 (1.81%) HTML
10 20 (1.72%) AngularJS
11 18 (1.55%) .NET Framework
11 18 (1.55%) ASP.NET
12 17 (1.47%) ADO
12 17 (1.47%) Node.js
13 16 (1.38%) J2EE
13 16 (1.38%) OAuth
13 16 (1.38%) Oracle Fusion
14 15 (1.29%) Django
15 14 (1.21%) CSS
15 14 (1.21%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 129 (11.12%) Public Cloud
2 121 (10.43%) Data Centre
3 79 (6.81%) Hybrid Cloud
4 63 (5.43%) Replication
5 47 (4.05%) Analytical Skills
6 42 (3.62%) Private Cloud
7 37 (3.19%) Linux Command Line
8 31 (2.67%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (2.67%) Management Information System
9 30 (2.59%) Cloud Native
10 27 (2.33%) Clustering
11 21 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
12 20 (1.72%) Client/Server
13 14 (1.21%) N-Tier
14 13 (1.12%) User Experience
15 12 (1.03%) PKI
15 12 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
16 11 (0.95%) Mobile App
17 10 (0.86%) Microsoft Licensing
18 9 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 322 (27.76%) Windows
2 197 (16.98%) Linux
3 121 (10.43%) Windows Server
4 59 (5.09%) Windows 10
5 56 (4.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 53 (4.57%) Unix
7 27 (2.33%) VMS
8 25 (2.16%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (1.81%) Mac OS
10 19 (1.64%) Solaris
11 16 (1.38%) CentOS
12 14 (1.21%) Windows 7
13 13 (1.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.60%) Apple iOS
15 6 (0.52%) AIX
15 6 (0.52%) Ubuntu
16 5 (0.43%) Windows 8
17 4 (0.34%) Android
18 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
19 1 (0.086%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 465 (40.09%) DevOps
2 320 (27.59%) Agile Software Development
3 214 (18.45%) Migration
4 100 (8.62%) Continuous Integration
5 81 (6.98%) Infrastructure as Code
5 81 (6.98%) Scrum
6 80 (6.90%) Project Management
7 79 (6.81%) Business Intelligence
7 79 (6.81%) Continuous Delivery
7 79 (6.81%) Test Automation
8 78 (6.72%) Problem-Solving
9 77 (6.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 76 (6.55%) Information Security
11 72 (6.21%) ITIL
12 71 (6.12%) Enterprise Architecture
13 65 (5.60%) Computer Science
13 65 (5.60%) Microservices
14 64 (5.52%) Disaster Recovery
15 63 (5.43%) Configuration Management
16 62 (5.34%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 278 (23.97%) PowerShell
2 165 (14.22%) Python
3 158 (13.62%) SQL
4 100 (8.62%) Java
5 59 (5.09%) C#
6 58 (5.00%) Bash Shell
7 44 (3.79%) JavaScript
8 35 (3.02%) Ruby
9 29 (2.50%) C
10 24 (2.07%) Perl
11 18 (1.55%) Shell Script
12 13 (1.12%) Go
13 9 (0.78%) T-SQL
14 8 (0.69%) C++
14 8 (0.69%) PHP
15 6 (0.52%) Tcl
16 4 (0.34%) ABAP
16 4 (0.34%) Apple Swift
16 4 (0.34%) R
16 4 (0.34%) VB
Qualifications
1 172 (14.83%) Security Cleared
2 126 (10.86%) SC Cleared
3 88 (7.59%) Degree
4 40 (3.45%) Microsoft Certification
5 36 (3.10%) CISSP
6 28 (2.41%) DV Cleared
7 24 (2.07%) Cisco Certification
8 23 (1.98%) MCSE
9 22 (1.90%) CISM
10 12 (1.03%) Computer Science Degree
11 11 (0.95%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 10 (0.86%) TOGAF Certification
13 8 (0.69%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 8 (0.69%) SANS
14 7 (0.60%) CCIE
14 7 (0.60%) CCNA
14 7 (0.60%) CEH
14 7 (0.60%) CRISC
14 7 (0.60%) CTC Cleared
14 7 (0.60%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.02%) QA
2 28 (2.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (2.07%) NIST
4 21 (1.81%) GDPR
5 20 (1.72%) Data Quality
6 18 (1.55%) PCI DSS
7 16 (1.38%) NCSC
8 11 (0.95%) COBIT
9 9 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 9 (0.78%) SLA
10 3 (0.26%) GxP
10 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 19770
11 2 (0.17%) HL7
11 2 (0.17%) PMO
12 1 (0.086%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.086%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.086%) PSD2
12 1 (0.086%) TickIT
12 1 (0.086%) WCAG
System Software
1 239 (20.60%) Active Directory
2 142 (12.24%) Docker
3 99 (8.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 78 (6.72%) Virtual Machines
5 68 (5.86%) Hyper-V
6 34 (2.93%) VMware ESXi
7 24 (2.07%) vSphere
8 20 (1.72%) VMware NSX
9 19 (1.64%) XenDesktop
10 16 (1.38%) vCloud
11 13 (1.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 13 (1.12%) XenApp
12 6 (0.52%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.43%) NFS
14 4 (0.34%) NDS
14 4 (0.34%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.34%) Postfix
15 3 (0.26%) Ceph
16 2 (0.17%) BitLocker
16 2 (0.17%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 158 (13.62%) Ansible
2 152 (13.10%) Terraform
3 136 (11.72%) Kubernetes
4 104 (8.97%) Puppet
5 93 (8.02%) Opscode Chef
6 56 (4.83%) Microsoft Intune
7 54 (4.66%) SCCM
8 44 (3.79%) Single Sign-On
9 31 (2.67%) vRealize
10 30 (2.59%) SCOM
11 23 (1.98%) vCenter Server
12 15 (1.29%) Salt
13 11 (0.95%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (0.78%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 9 (0.78%) Nagios
15 6 (0.52%) CASB
15 6 (0.52%) WSUS
16 5 (0.43%) Packer
16 5 (0.43%) QRadar
16 5 (0.43%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 483 (41.64%) Microsoft
2 158 (13.62%) VMware
3 76 (6.55%) Cisco
3 76 (6.55%) Oracle
4 68 (5.86%) Google
5 53 (4.57%) Citrix
5 53 (4.57%) Red Hat
6 42 (3.62%) Splunk
7 32 (2.76%) SAP
8 28 (2.41%) Salesforce.com
9 26 (2.24%) Dell
10 20 (1.72%) NetApp
11 19 (1.64%) Databricks
11 19 (1.64%) HP
11 19 (1.64%) IBM
12 18 (1.55%) Tableau
12 18 (1.55%) Workday
13 17 (1.47%) CheckPoint
14 16 (1.38%) New Relic
14 16 (1.38%) ServiceNow