Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 191 169 213
Rank change year-on-year -22 +44 -12
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,260 901 618
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.57% 1.25%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.05% 4.43% 4.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 866 588 377
10th Percentile £413 £400 £365
25th Percentile £488 £427 £433
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £675 £608 £625
90th Percentile £750 £699 £701
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £520
% change year-on-year +5.00% -3.85% +1.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 15 2
10th Percentile £71.23 £14.00 £15.73
25th Percentile £71.95 £43.88 £20.94
Median hourly rate £75.50 £60.00 £29.75
Median % change year-on-year +25.83% +101.68% -63.38%
75th Percentile £84.24 £63.00 £38.44
90th Percentile £86.63 - £43.58
UK excluding London median hourly rate £81.86 £37.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year +121.24% -21.28% -43.03%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,119 20,337 15,098
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.56% 35.48% 30.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,614 14,626 10,602
10th Percentile £340 £320 £300
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £594 £588
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -1.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 399 341 238
10th Percentile £13.80 £12.25 £12.71
25th Percentile £15.29 £15.00 £16.14
Median hourly rate £22.00 £22.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +6.67%
75th Percentile £54.13 £45.00 £36.06
90th Percentile £67.88 £62.25 £55.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -3.75% +2.56% +11.43%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -17 1,037 £575 +12.20% 281
Work from Home -32 652 £575 +9.52% 111
London -23 598 £585 +17.00% 116
UK excluding London -3 386 £525 +5.00% 192
North of England -3 122 £525 - 56
South East -10 104 £600 +31.87% 39
North West -12 52 £525 +1.20% 29
South West -5 50 £500 +3.09% 25
Yorkshire -25 49 £513 -1.20% 17
East of England +2 48 £469 -11.56% 16
Midlands -57 37 £625 +19.05% 32
North East +9 28 £538 -8.51% 10
West Midlands -53 24 £613 +16.67% 24
Scotland -8 21 £525 +23.53% 23
East Midlands -15 11 £656 +38.16% 8
Wales -20 4 £550 -10.20% 5
Northern Ireland -1 2 £438 - 3

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 923 (73.25%) PaaS
2 883 (70.08%) Azure
3 545 (43.25%) DevOps
4 493 (39.13%) Microsoft
5 455 (36.11%) SaaS
6 432 (34.29%) CI/CD
7 427 (33.89%) Terraform
8 409 (32.46%) AWS
9 394 (31.27%) Agile
10 294 (23.33%) Windows
11 286 (22.70%) Infrastructure as Code
12 282 (22.38%) Kubernetes
13 281 (22.30%) Migration
14 272 (21.59%) Finance
15 261 (20.71%) PowerShell
16 244 (19.37%) Linux
17 228 (18.10%) Social Skills
18 221 (17.54%) Microservices
19 208 (16.51%) Active Directory
20 190 (15.08%) Docker
21 189 (15.00%) SQL
22 185 (14.68%) Ansible
23 182 (14.44%) VMware
24 180 (14.29%) Python
25 178 (14.13%) Public Cloud
26 173 (13.73%) Firewall
27 171 (13.57%) Security Cleared
28 164 (13.02%) Git (software)
28 164 (13.02%) Jenkins
29 158 (12.54%) Azure Active Directory

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (4.60%) SharePoint
2 43 (3.41%) Confluence
3 41 (3.25%) Cloud Foundry
4 38 (3.02%) IIS
5 27 (2.14%) Apache
6 23 (1.83%) WebSphere
7 21 (1.67%) Skype for Business
8 20 (1.59%) Exchange Server 2013
8 20 (1.59%) OpenStack
9 18 (1.43%) MS Exchange
10 15 (1.19%) nginx
11 14 (1.11%) Apache Spark
12 13 (1.03%) JBoss
13 12 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2010
14 11 (0.87%) Tomcat
15 8 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
16 7 (0.56%) Mule
17 6 (0.48%) NServiceBus
18 5 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 5 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 25 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
3 11 (0.87%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.079%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 29 (2.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.63%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.48%) Oracle Applications
3 6 (0.48%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
5 3 (0.24%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.16%) Shopify
7 1 (0.079%) assyst
7 1 (0.079%) Bloomberg AIM
7 1 (0.079%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.079%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 1 (0.079%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 923 (73.25%) PaaS
2 883 (70.08%) Azure
3 455 (36.11%) SaaS
4 409 (32.46%) AWS
5 158 (12.54%) Azure Active Directory
6 153 (12.14%) Serverless
7 128 (10.16%) Microsoft 365
8 114 (9.05%) GitHub
9 105 (8.33%) GCP
10 92 (7.30%) Power Platform
11 70 (5.56%) Azure Logic Apps
12 65 (5.16%) Azure Monitor
13 62 (4.92%) AWS CloudFormation
14 58 (4.60%) Azure Functions
15 44 (3.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 43 (3.41%) PowerApps
17 41 (3.25%) Cloud Computing
17 41 (3.25%) OpenShift
18 39 (3.10%) AWS Lambda
19 38 (3.02%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 173 (13.73%) Firewall
2 91 (7.22%) DNS
3 62 (4.92%) Network Security
4 58 (4.60%) WAN
5 48 (3.81%) VPN
6 43 (3.41%) DHCP
7 38 (3.02%) SSL
8 32 (2.54%) SAN
9 31 (2.46%) TCP/IP
10 30 (2.38%) Wi-Fi
11 26 (2.06%) LAN
12 23 (1.83%) IPsec
12 23 (1.83%) Skype
13 21 (1.67%) SD-WAN
13 21 (1.67%) Wireless
14 20 (1.59%) Internet
15 18 (1.43%) DMZ
15 18 (1.43%) IKE
16 16 (1.27%) HTTP
17 15 (1.19%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (10.24%) SQL Server
2 41 (3.25%) Azure SQL Database
3 38 (3.02%) Power BI
4 34 (2.70%) NoSQL
4 34 (2.70%) Oracle Database
5 33 (2.62%) MongoDB
6 30 (2.38%) Big Data
7 27 (2.14%) Data Lake
7 27 (2.14%) PostgreSQL
8 26 (2.06%) Relational Database
9 22 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
10 21 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
11 20 (1.59%) MySQL
12 18 (1.43%) Oracle Database 12c
12 18 (1.43%) RDBMS
13 12 (0.95%) Hadoop
14 11 (0.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 9 (0.71%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 9 (0.71%) Redis
16 7 (0.56%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 164 (13.02%) Git (software)
1 164 (13.02%) Jenkins
2 115 (9.13%) JIRA
3 69 (5.48%) Sonatype Nexus
4 67 (5.32%) SonarQube
5 59 (4.68%) GitLab
6 53 (4.21%) TeamCity
7 45 (3.57%) Maven
8 33 (2.62%) Selenium
9 30 (2.38%) Gradle
10 26 (2.06%) Cucumber
11 21 (1.67%) Bitbucket
12 20 (1.59%) Artifactory
13 19 (1.51%) Subversion
14 15 (1.19%) Robot Framework
15 12 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
16 9 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 9 (0.71%) Visual Studio Team System
16 9 (0.71%) webpack
16 9 (0.71%) Zephyr
General
1 272 (21.59%) Finance
2 228 (18.10%) Social Skills
3 126 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
3 126 (10.00%) Public Sector
4 107 (8.49%) Banking
5 47 (3.73%) Telecoms
6 37 (2.94%) Marketing
7 33 (2.62%) Manufacturing
8 28 (2.22%) Electronics
9 27 (2.14%) Presentation Skills
10 26 (2.06%) Back Office
11 24 (1.90%) Retail
12 23 (1.83%) Documentation Skills
13 22 (1.75%) Legal
14 21 (1.67%) Front Office
15 18 (1.43%) Influencing Skills
16 17 (1.35%) Law
17 16 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
18 15 (1.19%) Billing
19 14 (1.11%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 401 (31.83%) Architect
2 188 (14.92%) Azure Engineer
3 160 (12.70%) DevOps Engineer
4 150 (11.90%) Solutions Architect
5 130 (10.32%) Cloud Engineer
6 110 (8.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 105 (8.33%) Cloud Architect
8 93 (7.38%) Azure Architect
9 72 (5.71%) Developer
10 64 (5.08%) Infrastructure Architect
11 60 (4.76%) AWS Engineer
11 60 (4.76%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 58 (4.60%) Security Architect
13 50 (3.97%) AWS Architect
13 50 (3.97%) Consultant
14 48 (3.81%) Azure DevOps
15 39 (3.10%) Technical Architect
16 34 (2.70%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
17 33 (2.62%) AWS DevOps
18 29 (2.30%) 3rd Line Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (8.10%) .NET
2 71 (5.63%) Middleware
3 68 (5.40%) JSON
4 63 (5.00%) ARM Templates
5 52 (4.13%) Node.js
5 52 (4.13%) REST
6 46 (3.65%) CSS
7 41 (3.25%) React
8 40 (3.17%) HTML
9 39 (3.10%) Kafka
10 30 (2.38%) OAuth
10 30 (2.38%) YAML
11 26 (2.06%) AngularJS
12 24 (1.90%) XML
13 22 (1.75%) .NET Core
13 22 (1.75%) OAuth2
14 21 (1.67%) Spring
15 20 (1.59%) HTML5
15 20 (1.59%) SOAP
16 17 (1.35%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 178 (14.13%) Public Cloud
2 92 (7.30%) Data Centre
3 78 (6.19%) Cloud Native
4 70 (5.56%) Private Cloud
5 67 (5.32%) Hybrid Cloud
6 61 (4.84%) PKI
7 51 (4.05%) Replication
8 50 (3.97%) Management Information System
9 43 (3.41%) Data Protection Act
10 37 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
11 31 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
12 27 (2.14%) Mobile App
13 26 (2.06%) Clustering
14 23 (1.83%) User Experience
15 19 (1.51%) IoT
16 17 (1.35%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 16 (1.27%) Mainframe
17 16 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
18 13 (1.03%) Client/Server
18 13 (1.03%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 294 (23.33%) Windows
2 244 (19.37%) Linux
3 142 (11.27%) Windows Server
4 88 (6.98%) Unix
5 39 (3.10%) Windows Server 2012
6 28 (2.22%) Ubuntu
7 25 (1.98%) VMS
8 24 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 21 (1.67%) Windows Server 2019
10 18 (1.43%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (1.19%) Windows Server 2016
12 13 (1.03%) AIX
12 13 (1.03%) Android
13 11 (0.87%) Apple iOS
14 10 (0.79%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.56%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.56%) Solaris
16 5 (0.40%) CentOS
16 5 (0.40%) HPUX
17 3 (0.24%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 545 (43.25%) DevOps
2 432 (34.29%) CI/CD
3 394 (31.27%) Agile
4 286 (22.70%) Infrastructure as Code
5 281 (22.30%) Migration
6 221 (17.54%) Microservices
7 143 (11.35%) Continuous Integration
8 140 (11.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 129 (10.24%) Scrum
10 107 (8.49%) Problem-Solving
11 103 (8.17%) Analytics
11 103 (8.17%) Continuous Delivery
12 99 (7.86%) Test Automation
13 97 (7.70%) ITIL
14 94 (7.46%) Cybersecurity
15 89 (7.06%) Configuration Management
16 86 (6.83%) Business Intelligence
16 86 (6.83%) Waterfall
17 85 (6.75%) Data Protection
18 84 (6.67%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 261 (20.71%) PowerShell
2 189 (15.00%) SQL
3 180 (14.29%) Python
4 134 (10.63%) Java
5 107 (8.49%) JavaScript
6 81 (6.43%) Bash
7 77 (6.11%) C#
8 33 (2.62%) Shell Script
9 17 (1.35%) Perl
10 15 (1.19%) Kotlin
11 13 (1.03%) PL/SQL
12 12 (0.95%) TypeScript
13 11 (0.87%) Bicep
13 11 (0.87%) C++
13 11 (0.87%) Go
13 11 (0.87%) Ruby
14 9 (0.71%) PHP
15 8 (0.63%) Groovy
16 7 (0.56%) R
16 7 (0.56%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 171 (13.57%) Security Cleared
2 143 (11.35%) SC Cleared
3 51 (4.05%) Degree
4 42 (3.33%) AWS Certification
5 34 (2.70%) DV Cleared
6 26 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
7 25 (1.98%) Cisco Certification
8 23 (1.83%) CISSP
9 14 (1.11%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (1.11%) MCSE
10 11 (0.87%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 11 (0.87%) CCIE
10 11 (0.87%) GIAC
11 10 (0.79%) CCSK
11 10 (0.79%) OCP
11 10 (0.79%) Oracle Certification
12 9 (0.71%) CISA
12 9 (0.71%) CISM
12 9 (0.71%) TOGAF Certification
13 8 (0.63%) FFIEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (4.13%) GDPR
2 49 (3.89%) QA
3 41 (3.25%) SLA
4 24 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 23 (1.83%) NIST
6 18 (1.43%) NIST 800
7 11 (0.87%) NCSC
8 9 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 8 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.48%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.32%) COBIT
11 4 (0.32%) Data Quality
12 3 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.24%) GAAP
12 3 (0.24%) GxP
12 3 (0.24%) JSP 440
13 2 (0.16%) Accessibility
13 2 (0.16%) GRC
13 2 (0.16%) RMADS
14 1 (0.079%) HITRUST
System Software
1 208 (16.51%) Active Directory
2 190 (15.08%) Docker
3 138 (10.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (4.21%) Hyper-V
5 47 (3.73%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (1.98%) vSphere
7 19 (1.51%) VMware Workstation
8 18 (1.43%) vCloud
9 16 (1.27%) VMware ESXi
10 14 (1.11%) Oracle RAC
11 11 (0.87%) VMware NSX
12 10 (0.79%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.40%) NFS
14 3 (0.24%) Apache Flume
14 3 (0.24%) BitLocker
15 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 2 (0.16%) OpenAM
15 2 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
15 2 (0.16%) XenApp
15 2 (0.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 427 (33.89%) Terraform
2 282 (22.38%) Kubernetes
3 185 (14.68%) Ansible
4 59 (4.68%) SCCM
5 46 (3.65%) Puppet
6 32 (2.54%) Single Sign-On
7 25 (1.98%) Microsoft Intune
8 20 (1.59%) SCVMM
9 18 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (1.43%) Netcool
10 17 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
11 15 (1.19%) Packer
12 14 (1.11%) Data Guard
13 11 (0.87%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 11 (0.87%) Microsoft Clustering
14 10 (0.79%) CASB
14 10 (0.79%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.79%) Salt
14 10 (0.79%) vRealize
14 10 (0.79%) VxRail
Vendors
1 493 (39.13%) Microsoft
2 182 (14.44%) VMware
3 108 (8.57%) Oracle
4 71 (5.63%) Databricks
5 64 (5.08%) Google
6 57 (4.52%) Splunk
7 55 (4.37%) Cisco
8 52 (4.13%) SAP
9 43 (3.41%) Citrix
10 39 (3.10%) IBM
11 31 (2.46%) F5
12 30 (2.38%) Red Hat
12 30 (2.38%) ServiceNow
13 25 (1.98%) AppDynamics
14 23 (1.83%) Sitecore
15 22 (1.75%) CA
16 21 (1.67%) New Relic
17 18 (1.43%) Dell
18 17 (1.35%) HP
18 17 (1.35%) NetApp