Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 239 285 350
Rank change year-on-year +46 +65 +167
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,118 799 722
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.11% 0.88% 0.68%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.54% 6.67% 7.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 757 582 515
UK median daily rate £510 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £363
90th Percentile £653 £638 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 11 3
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £100.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% -50.00% +185.71%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £17.00
% change year-on-year -30.00% +194.12% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 20,178 11,986 9,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.02% 13.27% 8.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,768 8,287 6,339
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £290
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 167 147
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -14.29% -6.67%
10th Percentile £12.00 £10.50 £11.44
90th Percentile £56.25 £58.79 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.55 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year -5.43% +2.94% -24.44%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +41 1,060 £500 - 234
UK excluding London +61 609 £475 - 135
London +15 498 £550 +6.80% 109
South East +19 235 £475 - 44
North of England +56 162 £450 +16.13% 41
Midlands +41 104 £475 -7.77% 14
West Midlands +33 78 £475 -13.64% 13
North West +33 73 £500 - 13
Yorkshire +24 58 £450 +9.76% 25
South West +7 45 £513 +28.13% 15
Scotland -7 44 £550 +22.22% 9
North East +6 31 £398 +13.57% 3
East Midlands +1 26 £463 +2.78% 1
East of England -33 13 £525 -4.55% 11
Wales - 7 £500 -

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 784 (70.13%) PaaS
2 607 (54.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 430 (38.46%) Amazon AWS
4 414 (37.03%) SaaS
5 403 (36.05%) DevOps
6 372 (33.27%) Agile Software Development
7 329 (29.43%) Microsoft
8 314 (28.09%) Linux
9 300 (26.83%) Windows
10 224 (20.04%) Jenkins
11 195 (17.44%) PowerShell
12 183 (16.37%) Git (software)
13 176 (15.74%) Continuous Integration
14 168 (15.03%) Finance
15 165 (14.76%) Docker
16 159 (14.22%) VMware
17 154 (13.77%) Puppet
18 152 (13.60%) Ansible
19 150 (13.42%) Java
20 145 (12.97%) Firewall
21 136 (12.16%) Python
22 130 (11.63%) ITIL
22 130 (11.63%) Active Directory
23 116 (10.38%) Web Services
24 115 (10.29%) Opscode Chef
25 111 (9.93%) SQL
26 109 (9.75%) Microservices
27 108 (9.66%) Configuration Management
28 105 (9.39%) Windows Server
29 104 (9.30%) SQL Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (5.99%) OpenStack
2 43 (3.85%) Confluence
3 37 (3.31%) Cloud Foundry
4 29 (2.59%) IIS
5 26 (2.33%) SharePoint
6 25 (2.24%) Skype for Business
7 15 (1.34%) Mule
8 13 (1.16%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.98%) BizTalk Server
9 11 (0.98%) MS Exchange
10 9 (0.81%) Apache
10 9 (0.81%) Apache Spark
10 9 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 9 (0.81%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.72%) CMS
12 7 (0.63%) Mule ESB
13 6 (0.54%) Drupal
14 4 (0.36%) nginx
15 3 (0.27%) Alfresco
15 3 (0.27%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 15 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.72%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
2 5 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.27%) WebTrends
5 2 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.089%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.089%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.089%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.089%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.089%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.089%) Oracle HRMS
6 1 (0.089%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.089%) SAP PM
6 1 (0.089%) Scribe Insight
6 1 (0.089%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 784 (70.13%) PaaS
2 607 (54.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 430 (38.46%) Amazon AWS
4 414 (37.03%) SaaS
5 101 (9.03%) Office 365
6 59 (5.28%) Azure Active Directory
7 58 (5.19%) Cloud Computing
8 43 (3.85%) OpenShift
9 33 (2.95%) npm
10 29 (2.59%) Google Cloud Platform
11 25 (2.24%) GitHub
12 20 (1.79%) AWS CloudFormation
13 19 (1.70%) Heroku
14 17 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
15 16 (1.43%) NuGet
16 15 (1.34%) Serverless
17 14 (1.25%) IBM Cloud
18 13 (1.16%) Amazon S3
19 11 (0.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 10 (0.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 145 (12.97%) Firewall
2 78 (6.98%) DNS
3 68 (6.08%) Network Security
3 68 (6.08%) VPN
4 43 (3.85%) LAN
4 43 (3.85%) WAN
5 42 (3.76%) DHCP
6 34 (3.04%) SAN
7 31 (2.77%) TCP/IP
8 29 (2.59%) NetScaler
9 22 (1.97%) Internet
10 21 (1.88%) MPLS
11 19 (1.70%) NAS
12 17 (1.52%) Skype
13 15 (1.34%) SSL
13 15 (1.34%) WLAN
14 13 (1.16%) Software-Defined Networking
15 12 (1.07%) HTTP
15 12 (1.07%) SMTP
15 12 (1.07%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (9.30%) SQL Server
2 40 (3.58%) MongoDB
3 32 (2.86%) Redis
4 30 (2.68%) PostgreSQL
5 29 (2.59%) Azure SQL Database
6 23 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
7 21 (1.88%) Big Data
7 21 (1.88%) NuoDB
7 21 (1.88%) Relational Database
8 20 (1.79%) NoSQL
9 19 (1.70%) MySQL
10 16 (1.43%) Hadoop
11 14 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
11 14 (1.25%) MariaDB
12 13 (1.16%) Power BI
13 11 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 10 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
14 10 (0.89%) Oracle Database
15 9 (0.81%) SQL Server 2012
15 9 (0.81%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 224 (20.04%) Jenkins
2 183 (16.37%) Git (software)
3 62 (5.55%) Visual Studio
4 57 (5.10%) JIRA
5 45 (4.03%) Visual Studio Team System
6 40 (3.58%) Team Foundation Server
7 32 (2.86%) Maven
8 28 (2.50%) TeamCity
9 26 (2.33%) gulp
9 26 (2.33%) Selenium
10 24 (2.15%) Grunt
11 23 (2.06%) SonarQube
12 20 (1.79%) Bitbucket
13 18 (1.61%) Artifactory
13 18 (1.61%) Octopus Deploy
14 17 (1.52%) webpack
15 16 (1.43%) Subversion
16 15 (1.34%) Gradle
17 14 (1.25%) Bower
17 14 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 168 (15.03%) Finance
2 62 (5.55%) Banking
3 36 (3.22%) Retail
4 19 (1.70%) Law
5 18 (1.61%) Telecoms
6 16 (1.43%) Legal
7 11 (0.98%) Investment Banking
7 11 (0.98%) Marketing
8 9 (0.81%) Billing
9 6 (0.54%) International Banking
9 6 (0.54%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.54%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.36%) Aerospace
11 3 (0.27%) Front Office
11 3 (0.27%) German Language
11 3 (0.27%) Music Industry
12 2 (0.18%) Electronics
12 2 (0.18%) Private Banking
13 1 (0.089%) Automotive
13 1 (0.089%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 305 (27.28%) Architect
2 153 (13.69%) DevOps Engineer
3 114 (10.20%) Cloud Architect
3 114 (10.20%) Developer
4 95 (8.50%) Consultant
5 92 (8.23%) Azure Engineer
6 84 (7.51%) Azure Architect
7 78 (6.98%) Security Architect
8 75 (6.71%) Solutions Architect
9 73 (6.53%) Cloud Engineer
10 65 (5.81%) Azure DevOps
11 55 (4.92%) Azure Consultant
12 54 (4.83%) Analyst
12 54 (4.83%) Technical Architect
13 49 (4.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 42 (3.76%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 33 (2.95%) AWS Architect
16 32 (2.86%) AWS Engineer
17 30 (2.68%) Linux Engineer
18 29 (2.59%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (10.38%) Web Services
2 86 (7.69%) .NET
2 86 (7.69%) JSON
3 68 (6.08%) REST
4 62 (5.55%) HTML
5 56 (5.01%) AngularJS
6 48 (4.29%) CSS
7 41 (3.67%) Middleware
8 38 (3.40%) Spring
9 37 (3.31%) React
9 37 (3.31%) RESTful
10 34 (3.04%) SOAP
11 30 (2.68%) HTML5
12 28 (2.50%) .NET Framework
13 26 (2.33%) XML
14 25 (2.24%) Spring Boot
15 23 (2.06%) LDAP
15 23 (2.06%) Vue (Vue.js)
16 22 (1.97%) RabbitMQ
17 18 (1.61%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 84 (7.51%) Data Centre
2 69 (6.17%) Public Cloud
3 66 (5.90%) Hybrid Cloud
4 64 (5.72%) Analytical Skills
5 57 (5.10%) Management Information System
6 42 (3.76%) Private Cloud
7 34 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
8 31 (2.77%) User Experience
9 26 (2.33%) Clustering
10 21 (1.88%) Cyberthreat
11 19 (1.70%) Mobile App
12 18 (1.61%) Greenfield Project
13 17 (1.52%) Cloud Native
14 15 (1.34%) Enterprise Cloud
14 15 (1.34%) VSAM
15 14 (1.25%) Virtual Team
16 13 (1.16%) Computer Science
17 12 (1.07%) Fintech
17 12 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
18 11 (0.98%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 314 (28.09%) Linux
2 300 (26.83%) Windows
3 105 (9.39%) Windows Server
4 65 (5.81%) Unix
5 58 (5.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 43 (3.85%) VMS
7 32 (2.86%) Windows Server 2012
8 29 (2.59%) Windows 10
9 27 (2.42%) Windows Server 2008
10 23 (2.06%) Solaris
11 21 (1.88%) Apple iOS
12 20 (1.79%) Android
13 19 (1.70%) Windows 2000 Server
14 18 (1.61%) AIX
15 17 (1.52%) HPUX
15 17 (1.52%) MVS
16 15 (1.34%) VME
17 12 (1.07%) Windows 7
18 8 (0.72%) Ubuntu
19 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 403 (36.05%) DevOps
2 372 (33.27%) Agile Software Development
3 176 (15.74%) Continuous Integration
4 130 (11.63%) ITIL
5 109 (9.75%) Microservices
6 108 (9.66%) Configuration Management
7 103 (9.21%) Migration
8 101 (9.03%) Continuous Delivery
9 100 (8.94%) Open Source
10 88 (7.87%) Service Management
11 85 (7.60%) Change Management
12 78 (6.98%) Scrum
12 78 (6.98%) SDLC
13 77 (6.89%) Problem-Solving
14 75 (6.71%) TOGAF
15 71 (6.35%) Stakeholder Management
16 70 (6.26%) Security Architecture
17 64 (5.72%) Project Management
18 59 (5.28%) Cybersecurity
18 59 (5.28%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 195 (17.44%) PowerShell
2 150 (13.42%) Java
3 136 (12.16%) Python
4 111 (9.93%) SQL
5 76 (6.80%) Ruby
6 70 (6.26%) C#
7 69 (6.17%) JavaScript
8 46 (4.11%) Perl
9 38 (3.40%) Bash Shell
10 36 (3.22%) C
11 28 (2.50%) PHP
12 27 (2.42%) Shell Script
13 21 (1.88%) TypeScript
14 20 (1.79%) Go
15 18 (1.61%) ES6
16 17 (1.52%) C++
17 16 (1.43%) JCL
18 9 (0.81%) CQL
18 9 (0.81%) Groovy
18 9 (0.81%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 101 (9.03%) Security Cleared
2 89 (7.96%) SC Cleared
3 73 (6.53%) CISSP
4 55 (4.92%) Degree
5 48 (4.29%) CISM
6 44 (3.94%) Cisco Certification
7 39 (3.49%) CISA
8 34 (3.04%) CCNP
9 32 (2.86%) TOGAF Certification
10 20 (1.79%) CCIE
10 20 (1.79%) CEH
11 15 (1.34%) SANS
12 11 (0.98%) CCDP
12 11 (0.98%) GIAC
13 10 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.89%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 9 (0.81%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 9 (0.81%) Chartered Engineer
14 9 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
14 9 (0.81%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.42%) QA
2 19 (1.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (1.43%) PCI DSS
4 15 (1.34%) GCP
5 11 (0.98%) GDPR
6 10 (0.89%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.89%) GAAP
7 9 (0.81%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.72%) BS25999
9 7 (0.63%) SLA
10 6 (0.54%) HIPAA
10 6 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.27%) COBIT
12 3 (0.27%) GxP
12 3 (0.27%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.18%) HAZOP
13 2 (0.18%) IFRS
13 2 (0.18%) SEPA
System Software
1 165 (14.76%) Docker
2 130 (11.63%) Active Directory
3 82 (7.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (4.92%) Hyper-V
5 29 (2.59%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (2.59%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (2.06%) vSphere
7 22 (1.97%) Microsoft App-V
8 21 (1.88%) XenDesktop
9 19 (1.70%) Virtual Servers
10 17 (1.52%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 17 (1.52%) XenApp
11 16 (1.43%) Job Entry Subsystem
12 15 (1.34%) RACF
13 14 (1.25%) XenServer
14 13 (1.16%) VMware NSX
15 12 (1.07%) Virtual Desktop
16 11 (0.98%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 7 (0.63%) Veritas Cluster Server
18 6 (0.54%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 154 (13.77%) Puppet
2 152 (13.60%) Ansible
3 115 (10.29%) Opscode Chef
4 70 (6.26%) Terraform
5 57 (5.10%) Kubernetes
6 38 (3.40%) Salt
7 30 (2.68%) SCCM
8 21 (1.88%) Single Sign-On
9 19 (1.70%) Tivoli
10 16 (1.43%) WSUS
11 15 (1.34%) Tivoli Monitoring
12 14 (1.25%) Microsoft Intune
12 14 (1.25%) SCOM
13 13 (1.16%) McAfee ePO
13 13 (1.16%) Nagios
14 10 (0.89%) vCenter Server
15 9 (0.81%) Mesos
15 9 (0.81%) Opsview
16 7 (0.63%) CFEngine
16 7 (0.63%) SELinux
Vendors
1 329 (29.43%) Microsoft
2 159 (14.22%) VMware
3 80 (7.16%) Red Hat
4 65 (5.81%) Oracle
5 59 (5.28%) Cisco
6 46 (4.11%) Citrix
7 44 (3.94%) ServiceNow
8 40 (3.58%) Google
9 32 (2.86%) IBM
10 30 (2.68%) SaltStack
11 28 (2.50%) HP
12 25 (2.24%) F5
13 18 (1.61%) MuleSoft
13 18 (1.61%) SAP
14 17 (1.52%) BMC
15 16 (1.43%) McAfee
16 14 (1.25%) Ivanti
16 14 (1.25%) Splunk
17 13 (1.16%) Capita
18 12 (1.07%) Wyse