Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 194 248 280
Rank change year-on-year +54 +32 +81
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,330 1,117 816
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.46% 1.10% 0.90%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.34% 5.32% 6.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 885 749 591
UK median daily rate £525 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £395 £375 £350
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £511 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.63% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 11
UK median hourly rate £80.00 £35.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +128.57% -30.00% -50.00%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
90th Percentile £83.75 £53.00 £65.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £82.50 £35.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +135.71% -30.00% +194.12%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,919 20,983 12,396
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.39% 20.66% 13.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,174 14,333 8,595
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 302 165
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -14.29%
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.00 £10.50
90th Percentile £67.10 £56.13 £56.89
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.70 £16.63 £17.45
% change year-on-year +6.43% -4.67% +2.62%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +48 1,230 £525 +5.00% 83
UK excluding London +48 749 £511 +7.63% 57
London +55 550 £548 -0.45% 28
South East +77 382 £516 +8.68% 12
North of England -21 108 £500 +11.11% 22
Midlands +24 106 £525 +10.53% 12
West Midlands +23 89 £550 +15.79% 9
Scotland +50 64 £463 -15.91% 2
South West -4 64 £525 +2.44% 4
North West -4 48 £500 - 12
Yorkshire -11 33 £475 +5.56% 10
North East +9 27 £495 +24.53%
Wales +17 18 £650 +30.00%
East of England +13 18 £590 +12.38% 6
East Midlands +9 14 £450 -7.69% 3

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,004 (75.49%) Microsoft Azure
2 989 (74.36%) PaaS
3 502 (37.74%) DevOps
4 469 (35.26%) Microsoft
5 449 (33.76%) SaaS
6 425 (31.95%) Amazon AWS
7 411 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
8 345 (25.94%) Windows
9 332 (24.96%) PowerShell
10 262 (19.70%) Active Directory
11 253 (19.02%) SQL
12 223 (16.77%) Migration
13 217 (16.32%) Linux
14 197 (14.81%) Finance
15 195 (14.66%) Visual Studio Team System
16 169 (12.71%) Jenkins
17 168 (12.63%) Office 365
18 167 (12.56%) Firewall
19 164 (12.33%) Continuous Integration
20 161 (12.11%) Security Cleared
21 160 (12.03%) Terraform
22 150 (11.28%) Public Cloud
23 148 (11.13%) Ansible
24 147 (11.05%) Python
25 146 (10.98%) JSON
26 145 (10.90%) DNS
27 144 (10.83%) Java
28 142 (10.68%) Docker
29 133 (10.00%) Continuous Delivery
29 133 (10.00%) VMware

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (3.31%) IIS
2 40 (3.01%) Skype for Business
3 29 (2.18%) OpenStack
4 24 (1.80%) SharePoint
5 23 (1.73%) CMS
6 22 (1.65%) Confluence
7 19 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
7 19 (1.43%) MS Exchange
8 17 (1.28%) Exchange Server 2013
9 14 (1.05%) Umbraco
10 13 (0.98%) JBoss
11 12 (0.90%) WebLogic
12 11 (0.83%) Apache
13 8 (0.60%) Elasticsearch
13 8 (0.60%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.45%) Apache Spark
14 6 (0.45%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.38%) Mule
16 4 (0.30%) Apache Solr
16 4 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 41 (3.08%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.60%) Chatbot
3 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.075%) Blender
5 1 (0.075%) Maya
5 1 (0.075%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 19 (1.43%) Endur
2 17 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.075%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.075%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 1,004 (75.49%) Microsoft Azure
2 989 (74.36%) PaaS
3 449 (33.76%) SaaS
4 425 (31.95%) Amazon AWS
5 168 (12.63%) Office 365
6 126 (9.47%) Azure Active Directory
7 93 (6.99%) Google Cloud Platform
8 86 (6.47%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 64 (4.81%) OpenShift
10 39 (2.93%) Power Platform
11 38 (2.86%) AWS CloudFormation
12 35 (2.63%) Serverless
13 32 (2.41%) Cloud Computing
14 31 (2.33%) Boomi
15 21 (1.58%) Azure Data Factory
15 21 (1.58%) Dynamics 365
16 18 (1.35%) Azure Stack
17 16 (1.20%) Azure Functions
17 16 (1.20%) Datadog
18 14 (1.05%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 167 (12.56%) Firewall
2 145 (10.90%) DNS
3 75 (5.64%) VPN
4 53 (3.98%) WAN
5 51 (3.83%) LAN
6 50 (3.76%) DHCP
7 47 (3.53%) SAN
8 37 (2.78%) Skype
9 35 (2.63%) Fibre Channel
10 34 (2.56%) iSCSI
10 34 (2.56%) Network Security
11 32 (2.41%) VLAN
12 30 (2.26%) TCP/IP
13 29 (2.18%) Cisco ASA
13 29 (2.18%) VSAN
14 24 (1.80%) Internet
15 17 (1.28%) Cisco Nexus
16 14 (1.05%) SSL
17 12 (0.90%) BGP
17 12 (0.90%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (9.62%) SQL Server
2 72 (5.41%) Azure SQL Database
3 46 (3.46%) Big Data
4 42 (3.16%) Data Lake
5 41 (3.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 38 (2.86%) Power BI
7 32 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
7 32 (2.41%) Redis
8 26 (1.95%) MySQL
9 21 (1.58%) Oracle Database
10 20 (1.50%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 20 (1.50%) NoSQL
11 18 (1.35%) HDInsight
11 18 (1.35%) PostgreSQL
12 16 (1.20%) Relational Database
13 15 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
13 15 (1.13%) Hadoop
13 15 (1.13%) Oracle Database 12c
14 12 (0.90%) MongoDB
15 11 (0.83%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 195 (14.66%) Visual Studio Team System
2 169 (12.71%) Jenkins
3 100 (7.52%) Git (software)
4 76 (5.71%) Visual Studio
5 56 (4.21%) Team Foundation Server
6 46 (3.46%) JIRA
7 39 (2.93%) Octopus Deploy
8 36 (2.71%) TeamCity
9 27 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
10 22 (1.65%) Bower
11 19 (1.43%) Grunt
11 19 (1.43%) Selenium
12 18 (1.35%) MSI
12 18 (1.35%) SpecFlow
13 13 (0.98%) Bitbucket
14 12 (0.90%) Babel
14 12 (0.90%) JMeter
14 12 (0.90%) webpack
14 12 (0.90%) WiX
15 11 (0.83%) gulp
General
1 197 (14.81%) Finance
2 80 (6.02%) Banking
3 46 (3.46%) Telecoms
4 43 (3.23%) Billing
5 26 (1.95%) Marketing
6 21 (1.58%) Retail
7 18 (1.35%) Electronics
7 18 (1.35%) Manufacturing
8 15 (1.13%) Financial Institution
9 13 (0.98%) Investment Banking
9 13 (0.98%) Legal
10 11 (0.83%) Law
11 8 (0.60%) Advertising
11 8 (0.60%) Games
12 7 (0.53%) Multimedia
13 4 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.23%) Military
14 3 (0.23%) Publishing
15 2 (0.15%) French Language
16 1 (0.075%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 400 (30.08%) Architect
2 213 (16.02%) Azure Engineer
3 193 (14.51%) DevOps Engineer
4 135 (10.15%) Azure Architect
5 123 (9.25%) Consultant
6 109 (8.20%) Azure DevOps
7 108 (8.12%) Cloud Engineer
8 101 (7.59%) Cloud Architect
9 96 (7.22%) Developer
10 93 (6.99%) Technical Architect
11 87 (6.54%) Solutions Architect
12 80 (6.02%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 75 (5.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 50 (3.76%) Azure Consultant
15 49 (3.68%) Analyst
16 45 (3.38%) Security Architect
17 42 (3.16%) Senior Architect
18 41 (3.08%) AWS Engineer
19 40 (3.01%) Infrastructure Architect
20 33 (2.48%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 146 (10.98%) JSON
2 115 (8.65%) .NET
3 59 (4.44%) RESTful
4 58 (4.36%) XML
5 52 (3.91%) Web Services
6 50 (3.76%) HTML
7 44 (3.31%) Node.js
8 42 (3.16%) Middleware
9 41 (3.08%) Swagger
10 37 (2.78%) .NET Core
11 36 (2.71%) ASP.NET
12 32 (2.41%) .NET Framework
12 32 (2.41%) jQuery
12 32 (2.41%) React
13 31 (2.33%) SOAP
14 29 (2.18%) AngularJS
14 29 (2.18%) HTML5
14 29 (2.18%) OAuth
15 27 (2.03%) CSS
16 23 (1.73%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 150 (11.28%) Public Cloud
2 82 (6.17%) Hybrid Cloud
3 73 (5.49%) Data Centre
4 65 (4.89%) Private Cloud
5 51 (3.83%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (2.93%) Clustering
7 29 (2.18%) Replication
8 24 (1.80%) Management Information System
9 20 (1.50%) PKI
10 19 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
11 18 (1.35%) Client/Server
11 18 (1.35%) Greenfield Project
12 17 (1.28%) Virtual Team
13 16 (1.20%) Cloud Native
14 14 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
14 14 (1.05%) Hedge funds
14 14 (1.05%) Mobile App
15 13 (0.98%) DataPower
15 13 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
16 12 (0.90%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 345 (25.94%) Windows
2 217 (16.32%) Linux
3 130 (9.77%) Windows Server
4 68 (5.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 61 (4.59%) Unix
6 59 (4.44%) Windows Server 2012
7 32 (2.41%) Windows 10
8 26 (1.95%) CentOS
9 22 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
10 19 (1.43%) VMS
11 16 (1.20%) Solaris
12 15 (1.13%) AIX
13 13 (0.98%) Windows 7
14 11 (0.83%) Ubuntu
15 10 (0.75%) Mac OS
16 9 (0.68%) Mac OS X
17 8 (0.60%) Windows 8
18 5 (0.38%) Android
18 5 (0.38%) Apple iOS
19 1 (0.075%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (37.74%) DevOps
2 411 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
3 223 (16.77%) Migration
4 164 (12.33%) Continuous Integration
5 133 (10.00%) Continuous Delivery
6 131 (9.85%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 119 (8.95%) ITIL
8 105 (7.89%) Microservices
9 104 (7.82%) Test Automation
10 95 (7.14%) Infrastructure as Code
11 91 (6.84%) Scrum
12 83 (6.24%) Analytics
13 82 (6.17%) Service Management
14 76 (5.71%) Infrastructure Automation
15 72 (5.41%) Data Protection
16 71 (5.34%) Problem-Solving
17 69 (5.19%) Load Balancing
18 68 (5.11%) Business Intelligence
18 68 (5.11%) Data Management
18 68 (5.11%) Identity Management
Programming Languages
1 332 (24.96%) PowerShell
2 253 (19.02%) SQL
3 147 (11.05%) Python
4 144 (10.83%) Java
5 98 (7.37%) C#
6 81 (6.09%) JavaScript
7 40 (3.01%) Bash Shell
8 39 (2.93%) Ruby
9 29 (2.18%) Shell Script
10 17 (1.28%) Perl
10 17 (1.28%) VB
11 16 (1.20%) C
12 13 (0.98%) Groovy
13 12 (0.90%) R
14 9 (0.68%) Go
15 6 (0.45%) PHP
16 5 (0.38%) C++
16 5 (0.38%) T-SQL
17 4 (0.30%) Java 8
18 3 (0.23%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 161 (12.11%) Security Cleared
2 119 (8.95%) SC Cleared
3 32 (2.41%) Degree
4 31 (2.33%) AWS Certification
4 31 (2.33%) CISSP
5 25 (1.88%) Microsoft Certification
6 24 (1.80%) Cisco Certification
7 21 (1.58%) DV Cleared
8 18 (1.35%) CISM
8 18 (1.35%) MCSE
9 16 (1.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 15 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
10 15 (1.13%) RHCE
11 10 (0.75%) CCIE
11 10 (0.75%) CISA
11 10 (0.75%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (0.68%) CCNP
13 8 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
14 7 (0.53%) CCNA
15 6 (0.45%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.06%) QA
2 23 (1.73%) GDPR
3 20 (1.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (1.35%) PCI DSS
4 18 (1.35%) WCAG
5 10 (0.75%) SLA
6 9 (0.68%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.38%) PMO
9 4 (0.30%) COBIT
9 4 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.23%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.23%) GxP
10 3 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.15%) JSP 440
12 1 (0.075%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 262 (19.70%) Active Directory
2 142 (10.68%) Docker
3 128 (9.62%) Virtual Machines
4 77 (5.79%) VMware Infrastructure
5 65 (4.89%) Hyper-V
6 51 (3.83%) XenApp
7 34 (2.56%) vSphere
8 26 (1.95%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (1.65%) VMware NSX
10 19 (1.43%) Microsoft App-V
10 19 (1.43%) XenDesktop
11 18 (1.35%) NFS
12 15 (1.13%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.53%) vCloud
14 5 (0.38%) HDFS
15 4 (0.30%) VMware Workstation
16 3 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 3 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
17 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
17 2 (0.15%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 160 (12.03%) Terraform
2 148 (11.13%) Ansible
3 115 (8.65%) Puppet
4 112 (8.42%) Kubernetes
5 88 (6.62%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (4.59%) SCCM
7 40 (3.01%) SCOM
8 31 (2.33%) Microsoft Intune
8 31 (2.33%) vCenter Server
8 31 (2.33%) vRealize
9 20 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (1.35%) Microsoft Clustering
11 17 (1.28%) Failover Clustering
11 17 (1.28%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 16 (1.20%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 16 (1.20%) SCOrch
12 16 (1.20%) SELinux
13 14 (1.05%) Data Guard
14 13 (0.98%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
15 11 (0.83%) QRadar
Vendors
1 469 (35.26%) Microsoft
2 133 (10.00%) VMware
3 85 (6.39%) Oracle
4 80 (6.02%) Cisco
5 77 (5.79%) Citrix
6 76 (5.71%) Google
7 68 (5.11%) Dell
7 68 (5.11%) Red Hat
8 62 (4.66%) Splunk
9 52 (3.91%) ServiceNow
10 42 (3.16%) SAP
11 36 (2.71%) CheckPoint
12 33 (2.48%) EMC
13 32 (2.41%) Salesforce.com
14 26 (1.95%) F5
14 26 (1.95%) Symantec
15 22 (1.65%) Qualys
16 21 (1.58%) AppDynamics
16 21 (1.58%) IBM
17 19 (1.43%) Murex