Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 219 235 292
Rank change year-on-year +16 +57 -18
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,019 1,281 926
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.21% 1.23% 0.90%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.14% 5.14% 5.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 624 793 609
UK median daily rate £534 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.75% - -
10th Percentile £375 £370 £350
90th Percentile £725 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £486 £475
% change year-on-year +7.97% +2.37% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 2 3
UK median hourly rate £80.00 £41.25 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +93.94% -17.50% +44.93%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 £47.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +68.42% -5.00% +51.52%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,628 24,904 17,318
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.32% 23.90% 16.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,768 17,256 12,006
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £286 £300 £275
90th Percentile £660 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +0.06% +5.82% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 429 337 232
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +9.45%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.03
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.00 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.64 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +17.91% -2.78% +5.51%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 960 £538 +7.50% 295
UK excluding London +16 584 £525 +7.97% 228
London +9 418 £550 +4.76% 91
South East +46 283 £540 +13.68% 66
North of England +24 130 £500 +1.27% 59
Yorkshire +32 70 £525 +5.00% 15
Midlands -3 58 £525 +10.53% 50
West Midlands +16 46 £544 +14.47% 30
South West -1 46 £525 +21.39% 20
North West +14 42 £500 - 39
Scotland -20 40 £550 +10.00% 16
East of England +36 25 £513 +6.77% 12
North East +19 19 £425 -5.56% 5
East Midlands +7 10 £513 +17.21% 20
Wales +17 4 £700 +27.27% 7
Northern Ireland +4 1 - - 1
Channel Islands - 1 £513 -

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 764 (74.98%) Azure
2 735 (72.13%) PaaS
3 435 (42.69%) SaaS
4 426 (41.81%) Microsoft
5 400 (39.25%) DevOps
6 337 (33.07%) AWS
7 296 (29.05%) Windows
8 261 (25.61%) Agile Software Development
9 238 (23.36%) PowerShell
10 207 (20.31%) Active Directory
11 194 (19.04%) Migration
12 184 (18.06%) Office 365
13 178 (17.47%) Finance
14 177 (17.37%) Firewall
15 169 (16.58%) SQL
16 168 (16.49%) Linux
17 165 (16.19%) Ansible
18 163 (16.00%) VMware
19 152 (14.92%) Security Cleared
20 148 (14.52%) Python
21 147 (14.43%) Azure Active Directory
22 136 (13.35%) Kubernetes
23 130 (12.76%) DNS
24 126 (12.37%) Terraform
25 123 (12.07%) Docker
26 122 (11.97%) SC Cleared
26 122 (11.97%) Windows Server
27 117 (11.48%) Public Cloud
28 109 (10.70%) Web Services
29 106 (10.40%) VPN

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (4.32%) SharePoint
2 40 (3.93%) OpenStack
3 30 (2.94%) Skype for Business
4 23 (2.26%) IIS
5 22 (2.16%) MS Exchange
6 13 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
7 11 (1.08%) Apache
7 11 (1.08%) Exchange Server 2010
8 10 (0.98%) Exchange Server 2013
9 9 (0.88%) Confluence
10 7 (0.69%) CMS
11 6 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
12 5 (0.49%) Tomcat
13 4 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.39%) JBoss
14 3 (0.29%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
14 3 (0.29%) WebSphere
Applications
1 65 (6.38%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.29%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.098%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.88%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 7 (0.69%) Eloqua
4 5 (0.49%) Oracle Cash Management
4 5 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.49%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.29%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.20%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.20%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.098%) CiviCRM
8 1 (0.098%) Quorum
8 1 (0.098%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 764 (74.98%) Azure
2 735 (72.13%) PaaS
3 435 (42.69%) SaaS
4 337 (33.07%) AWS
5 184 (18.06%) Office 365
6 147 (14.43%) Azure Active Directory
7 77 (7.56%) GCP
8 62 (6.08%) OpenShift
9 55 (5.40%) Serverless
10 47 (4.61%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 45 (4.42%) Power Platform
12 42 (4.12%) Cloud Computing
13 30 (2.94%) AWS CloudFormation
14 24 (2.36%) Dynamics 365
15 18 (1.77%) GitHub
15 18 (1.77%) iPaaS
16 16 (1.57%) Datadog
16 16 (1.57%) OneDrive
17 15 (1.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 14 (1.37%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 177 (17.37%) Firewall
2 130 (12.76%) DNS
3 106 (10.40%) VPN
4 73 (7.16%) TCP/IP
5 64 (6.28%) SAN
6 59 (5.79%) Internet
7 48 (4.71%) Network Security
8 45 (4.42%) DHCP
9 43 (4.22%) Reverse Proxy
10 42 (4.12%) NAS
11 40 (3.93%) WAN
12 29 (2.85%) Skype
13 27 (2.65%) LAN
14 20 (1.96%) Wireless
15 17 (1.67%) NetScaler
16 13 (1.28%) Wi-Fi
17 12 (1.18%) VLAN
18 10 (0.98%) BGP
18 10 (0.98%) EIGRP
18 10 (0.98%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (9.42%) SQL Server
2 56 (5.50%) Azure SQL Database
3 50 (4.91%) Data Warehouse
4 45 (4.42%) Power BI
5 36 (3.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 34 (3.34%) Data Lake
7 23 (2.26%) Cosmos DB
8 19 (1.86%) Oracle Database
9 17 (1.67%) Big Data
9 17 (1.67%) Data Mart
10 16 (1.57%) SQL Server 2016
11 12 (1.18%) MySQL
11 12 (1.18%) PostgreSQL
12 11 (1.08%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 11 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
13 10 (0.98%) Relational Database
14 9 (0.88%) NoSQL
14 9 (0.88%) Oracle Reports
15 8 (0.79%) HDInsight
15 8 (0.79%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 91 (8.93%) Jenkins
2 84 (8.24%) Visual Studio Team System
3 60 (5.89%) Git (software)
4 29 (2.85%) Visual Studio
5 28 (2.75%) JIRA
6 25 (2.45%) Sonatype Nexus
7 23 (2.26%) TeamCity
8 22 (2.16%) Team Foundation Server
9 17 (1.67%) Octopus Deploy
10 15 (1.47%) Bitbucket
10 15 (1.47%) GitLab
10 15 (1.47%) Selenium
11 10 (0.98%) Cucumber
12 6 (0.59%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 5 (0.49%) Artifactory
13 5 (0.49%) Maven
13 5 (0.49%) SonarQube
13 5 (0.49%) SpecFlow
13 5 (0.49%) Subversion
13 5 (0.49%) Zephyr
General
1 178 (17.47%) Finance
2 68 (6.67%) Public Sector
3 46 (4.51%) Banking
4 26 (2.55%) Marketing
5 24 (2.36%) Telecoms
6 21 (2.06%) Retail
7 16 (1.57%) Billing
8 11 (1.08%) Legal
8 11 (1.08%) Manufacturing
9 8 (0.79%) Advertising
9 8 (0.79%) Investment Banking
10 6 (0.59%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.49%) Electronics
11 5 (0.49%) Games
11 5 (0.49%) Local Government
12 4 (0.39%) Aerospace
12 4 (0.39%) French Language
12 4 (0.39%) German Language
13 3 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 391 (38.37%) Architect
2 165 (16.19%) Azure Engineer
3 145 (14.23%) Azure Architect
3 145 (14.23%) DevOps Engineer
4 114 (11.19%) Cloud Architect
5 97 (9.52%) Azure DevOps
6 95 (9.32%) Solutions Architect
7 81 (7.95%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 74 (7.26%) Cloud Engineer
9 63 (6.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 59 (5.79%) Consultant
11 57 (5.59%) Security Architect
12 56 (5.50%) Technical Architect
13 39 (3.83%) Developer
14 31 (3.04%) AWS Architect
15 28 (2.75%) Infrastructure Architect
16 27 (2.65%) Automation Engineer
16 27 (2.65%) AWS Engineer
17 25 (2.45%) Azure Consultant
17 25 (2.45%) Enterprise Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (10.70%) Web Services
2 93 (9.13%) .NET
3 83 (8.15%) JSON
4 34 (3.34%) REST
5 30 (2.94%) Node.js
6 24 (2.36%) SAML
7 23 (2.26%) SOAP
8 22 (2.16%) XML
9 21 (2.06%) OAuth
10 20 (1.96%) AngularJS
11 18 (1.77%) .NET Core
11 18 (1.77%) HTML
11 18 (1.77%) Middleware
12 17 (1.67%) .NET Framework
12 17 (1.67%) ADO
13 16 (1.57%) RESTful
14 15 (1.47%) Django
15 14 (1.37%) Oracle Fusion
15 14 (1.37%) YAML
16 13 (1.28%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 117 (11.48%) Public Cloud
2 105 (10.30%) Data Centre
3 75 (7.36%) Hybrid Cloud
4 53 (5.20%) Replication
5 42 (4.12%) Analytical Skills
6 41 (4.02%) Enterprise Software
7 40 (3.93%) Cloud Native
8 33 (3.24%) Private Cloud
9 29 (2.85%) Management Information System
10 25 (2.45%) Clustering
10 25 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
11 18 (1.77%) Greenfield Project
12 17 (1.67%) N-Tier
13 15 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
14 13 (1.28%) Client/Server
15 11 (1.08%) Microsoft Licensing
15 11 (1.08%) PKI
16 9 (0.88%) User Experience
16 9 (0.88%) Virtual Team
17 8 (0.79%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 296 (29.05%) Windows
2 168 (16.49%) Linux
3 122 (11.97%) Windows Server
4 67 (6.58%) Windows 10
5 62 (6.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 43 (4.22%) Unix
7 29 (2.85%) VMS
8 21 (2.06%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (1.86%) Windows Server 2008
10 17 (1.67%) Mac OS
11 10 (0.98%) Windows 7
12 9 (0.88%) Apple iOS
13 8 (0.79%) Android
14 7 (0.69%) CentOS
14 7 (0.69%) Ubuntu
15 6 (0.59%) AIX
15 6 (0.59%) Solaris
16 2 (0.20%) DC/OS
16 2 (0.20%) Windows XP
17 1 (0.098%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 400 (39.25%) DevOps
2 261 (25.61%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (19.04%) Migration
4 99 (9.72%) Continuous Integration
5 97 (9.52%) Infrastructure as Code
6 91 (8.93%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 86 (8.44%) Information Security
8 79 (7.75%) Microservices
9 77 (7.56%) Problem-Solving
10 72 (7.07%) Scrum
11 69 (6.77%) Disaster Recovery
12 66 (6.48%) Computer Science
13 64 (6.28%) Continuous Delivery
14 63 (6.18%) ITIL
15 62 (6.08%) Enterprise Architecture
16 61 (5.99%) Test Automation
17 60 (5.89%) Project Management
18 59 (5.79%) SOA
19 58 (5.69%) Business Intelligence
20 57 (5.59%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 238 (23.36%) PowerShell
2 169 (16.58%) SQL
3 148 (14.52%) Python
4 86 (8.44%) Java
5 53 (5.20%) C#
6 49 (4.81%) Bash Shell
7 47 (4.61%) JavaScript
8 35 (3.43%) Ruby
9 25 (2.45%) Perl
10 18 (1.77%) C
11 13 (1.28%) Go
12 12 (1.18%) Shell Script
13 9 (0.88%) PHP
13 9 (0.88%) T-SQL
14 6 (0.59%) C++
14 6 (0.59%) R
14 6 (0.59%) Tcl
15 4 (0.39%) ABAP
15 4 (0.39%) Apple Swift
16 3 (0.29%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 152 (14.92%) Security Cleared
2 122 (11.97%) SC Cleared
3 93 (9.13%) Degree
4 46 (4.51%) Microsoft Certification
5 28 (2.75%) CISSP
6 26 (2.55%) MCSE
7 22 (2.16%) Cisco Certification
8 21 (2.06%) DV Cleared
9 19 (1.86%) CISM
10 12 (1.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 10 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
11 10 (0.98%) Computer Science Degree
11 10 (0.98%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.79%) CCIE
12 8 (0.79%) CCNA
13 7 (0.69%) AWS Certification
13 7 (0.69%) CRISC
13 7 (0.69%) CTC Cleared
13 7 (0.69%) MCSA
14 6 (0.59%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (3.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 25 (2.45%) QA
3 20 (1.96%) NIST
4 19 (1.86%) GDPR
5 18 (1.77%) Data Quality
6 13 (1.28%) PCI DSS
7 12 (1.18%) NCSC
8 11 (1.08%) SLA
9 8 (0.79%) COBIT
9 8 (0.79%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 19770
11 2 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.20%) HL7
12 1 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.098%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.098%) PMO
12 1 (0.098%) PSD2
12 1 (0.098%) TickIT
System Software
1 207 (20.31%) Active Directory
2 123 (12.07%) Docker
3 93 (9.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 71 (6.97%) Virtual Machines
5 70 (6.87%) Hyper-V
6 31 (3.04%) VMware ESXi
7 24 (2.36%) vSphere
8 22 (2.16%) VMware NSX
9 21 (2.06%) XenDesktop
10 14 (1.37%) vCloud
10 14 (1.37%) XenApp
11 13 (1.28%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 6 (0.59%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.39%) Postfix
14 3 (0.29%) BitLocker
14 3 (0.29%) Ceph
14 3 (0.29%) NFS
15 2 (0.20%) NDS
15 2 (0.20%) Terminal Services
15 2 (0.20%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 165 (16.19%) Ansible
2 136 (13.35%) Kubernetes
3 126 (12.37%) Terraform
4 85 (8.34%) Puppet
5 78 (7.65%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (5.10%) SCCM
7 51 (5.00%) Microsoft Intune
8 41 (4.02%) Single Sign-On
9 24 (2.36%) SCOM
9 24 (2.36%) vRealize
10 19 (1.86%) Salt
11 17 (1.67%) vCenter Server
12 16 (1.57%) Microsoft Clustering
13 9 (0.88%) Nagios
14 7 (0.69%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 7 (0.69%) Nessus
14 7 (0.69%) NetBackup
14 7 (0.69%) Packer
15 6 (0.59%) CASB
15 6 (0.59%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 426 (41.81%) Microsoft
2 163 (16.00%) VMware
3 79 (7.75%) Oracle
4 74 (7.26%) Google
5 65 (6.38%) Cisco
6 56 (5.50%) Citrix
7 44 (4.32%) Red Hat
8 43 (4.22%) Splunk
9 25 (2.45%) Salesforce.com
9 25 (2.45%) SAP
10 22 (2.16%) Dell
11 21 (2.06%) IBM
11 21 (2.06%) Workday
12 20 (1.96%) NetApp
13 19 (1.86%) Databricks
14 16 (1.57%) HP
15 15 (1.47%) EMC
16 14 (1.37%) New Relic
17 13 (1.28%) MuleSoft
18 12 (1.18%) SaltStack