Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 209 188 243
Rank change year-on-year -21 +55 +17
Contract jobs citing IaaS 733 1,458 1,173
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.19% 1.51% 1.15%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.94% 5.59% 5.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 450 983 774
Median daily rate £525 £525 £519
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.20% +9.21%
10th Percentile £375 £400 £363
90th Percentile £703 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £504 £525 £475
% change year-on-year -4.05% +10.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 3 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.69% +48.57% -22.22%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 £56.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +40.97% +62.14% -30.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,598 26,063 20,449
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.07% 27.03% 20.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,435 17,965 14,042
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 375 301 267
Median hourly rate £23.50 £18.75 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.33% -1.32% +3.40%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.88 £11.25
90th Percentile £56.25 £60.00 £46.75
Median hourly rate £20.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +17.14% +2.94% -0.35%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 663 £525 - 222
UK excluding London -43 413 £504 -4.05% 157
London -11 292 £575 +6.98% 72
South East -58 130 £520 -0.95% 46
North of England +67 121 £500 - 50
Yorkshire +58 58 £516 +14.72% 19
Scotland -18 47 £425 -15.00% 7
North West +26 46 £450 -12.20% 28
South West +21 45 £525 +13.51% 15
Midlands -3 42 £550 +3.24% 26
West Midlands 0 39 £550 -0.45% 21
Work from Home -1 39 £550 - 26
East of England +36 26 £473 +20.38% 14
North East +11 18 £500 - 3
Wales +12 7 £500 -23.08%
East Midlands +16 3 £403 -10.56% 5

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 575 (78.44%) PaaS
2 557 (75.99%) Azure
3 311 (42.43%) Microsoft
4 306 (41.75%) SaaS
5 298 (40.65%) DevOps
6 240 (32.74%) Windows
7 208 (28.38%) AWS
8 203 (27.69%) PowerShell
9 195 (26.60%) Agile Software Development
10 171 (23.33%) SQL
11 167 (22.78%) Active Directory
12 163 (22.24%) Migration
13 124 (16.92%) VMware
14 119 (16.23%) Firewall
15 114 (15.55%) Ansible
16 109 (14.87%) DNS
17 105 (14.32%) Terraform
18 101 (13.78%) Azure Active Directory
19 100 (13.64%) Kubernetes
19 100 (13.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 99 (13.51%) Finance
21 98 (13.37%) SQL Server
22 94 (12.82%) Windows Server
22 94 (12.82%) Office 365
23 91 (12.41%) Linux
24 86 (11.73%) VMware Infrastructure
24 86 (11.73%) Infrastructure as Code
25 84 (11.46%) Continuous Integration
26 83 (11.32%) GCP
27 81 (11.05%) Public Cloud

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (3.68%) Confluence
2 24 (3.27%) SharePoint
3 23 (3.14%) Skype for Business
4 19 (2.59%) IIS
5 15 (2.05%) MS Exchange
5 15 (2.05%) OpenStack
6 8 (1.09%) Apache
6 8 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
7 7 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
8 5 (0.68%) Apache Spark
8 5 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (0.41%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
10 3 (0.41%) CMS
10 3 (0.41%) JBoss
10 3 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.41%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.27%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.27%) Jetty
11 2 (0.27%) Office Communications Server
Applications
1 41 (5.59%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.55%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.14%) Maya
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.55%) Elite 3E
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.14%) Quorum
4 1 (0.14%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.14%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 575 (78.44%) PaaS
2 557 (75.99%) Azure
3 306 (41.75%) SaaS
4 208 (28.38%) AWS
5 101 (13.78%) Azure Active Directory
6 94 (12.82%) Office 365
7 83 (11.32%) GCP
8 52 (7.09%) Power Platform
9 49 (6.68%) Serverless
10 33 (4.50%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (3.68%) GitHub
12 22 (3.00%) AWS CloudFormation
13 21 (2.86%) Azure Functions
14 20 (2.73%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 16 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
15 16 (2.18%) Amazon S3
16 15 (2.05%) Stackdriver
17 13 (1.77%) Amazon ELB
17 13 (1.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 11 (1.50%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 119 (16.23%) Firewall
2 109 (14.87%) DNS
3 59 (8.05%) VPN
4 52 (7.09%) DHCP
5 42 (5.73%) Network Security
6 36 (4.91%) WAN
7 35 (4.77%) SAN
8 33 (4.50%) TCP/IP
9 29 (3.96%) LAN
10 23 (3.14%) Skype
11 17 (2.32%) NAS
12 15 (2.05%) MPLS
13 13 (1.77%) DMZ
13 13 (1.77%) NetScaler
14 12 (1.64%) Internet
14 12 (1.64%) Wi-Fi
15 10 (1.36%) BGP
15 10 (1.36%) Kerberos
15 10 (1.36%) OSPF
15 10 (1.36%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (13.37%) SQL Server
2 50 (6.82%) Power BI
3 46 (6.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 41 (5.59%) Azure SQL Database
5 34 (4.64%) Data Lake
6 32 (4.37%) HDInsight
7 23 (3.14%) MySQL
8 22 (3.00%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (2.59%) SQL Server 2016
10 17 (2.32%) Relational Database
11 15 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
12 14 (1.91%) Big Data
12 14 (1.91%) NoSQL
13 13 (1.77%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 12 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
15 11 (1.50%) Oracle Database
15 11 (1.50%) RDBMS
16 10 (1.36%) Cosmos DB
17 9 (1.23%) OLTP
17 9 (1.23%) SimpleDB
Development Applications
1 56 (7.64%) Git (software)
2 48 (6.55%) Jenkins
3 45 (6.14%) JIRA
4 42 (5.73%) Visual Studio
5 25 (3.41%) Visual Studio Team System
6 19 (2.59%) TeamCity
7 18 (2.46%) Octopus Deploy
8 16 (2.18%) GitLab
9 15 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
10 14 (1.91%) Artifactory
11 11 (1.50%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 8 (1.09%) Bitbucket
12 8 (1.09%) Subversion
13 7 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (0.68%) Cucumber
14 5 (0.68%) Maven
14 5 (0.68%) Selenium
15 4 (0.55%) Grunt
15 4 (0.55%) JMeter
15 4 (0.55%) webpack
General
1 99 (13.51%) Finance
2 66 (9.00%) Public Sector
3 28 (3.82%) Banking
4 22 (3.00%) Manufacturing
5 21 (2.86%) Marketing
5 21 (2.86%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.18%) Electronics
7 11 (1.50%) Retail
8 8 (1.09%) Investment Banking
9 7 (0.95%) Front Office
10 6 (0.82%) Advertising
10 6 (0.82%) Back Office
11 4 (0.55%) Billing
11 4 (0.55%) French Language
11 4 (0.55%) German Language
11 4 (0.55%) Law
11 4 (0.55%) Legal
12 3 (0.41%) Games
12 3 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.27%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 233 (31.79%) Architect
2 104 (14.19%) DevOps Engineer
3 93 (12.69%) Azure Engineer
4 70 (9.55%) Cloud Architect
5 69 (9.41%) Azure Architect
6 66 (9.00%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 58 (7.91%) Consultant
8 54 (7.37%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 54 (7.37%) Solutions Architect
9 50 (6.82%) Developer
10 47 (6.41%) Azure DevOps
11 43 (5.87%) Cloud Engineer
12 35 (4.77%) Security Architect
13 28 (3.82%) Azure Consultant
14 27 (3.68%) Technical Architect
14 27 (3.68%) Windows Engineer
15 23 (3.14%) Cloud Consultant
16 21 (2.86%) Office 365 Engineer
17 20 (2.73%) Analyst
18 18 (2.46%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (10.78%) .NET
2 49 (6.68%) Web Services
3 26 (3.55%) JSON
4 21 (2.86%) OAuth
5 20 (2.73%) AngularJS
6 19 (2.59%) REST
7 18 (2.46%) YAML
8 17 (2.32%) SAML
8 17 (2.32%) XML
9 16 (2.18%) Middleware
9 16 (2.18%) React
10 15 (2.05%) .NET Core
11 13 (1.77%) Node.js
11 13 (1.77%) Velocity
12 12 (1.64%) LDAP
12 12 (1.64%) OpenID
13 11 (1.50%) HTML
14 10 (1.36%) ASP.NET
14 10 (1.36%) CSS
14 10 (1.36%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 81 (11.05%) Public Cloud
2 69 (9.41%) Data Centre
3 58 (7.91%) Hybrid Cloud
4 36 (4.91%) Cloud Native
5 29 (3.96%) Enterprise Software
6 23 (3.14%) Management Information System
6 23 (3.14%) Private Cloud
7 22 (3.00%) Replication
8 21 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
8 21 (2.86%) PKI
9 18 (2.46%) Clustering
10 15 (2.05%) Social Media
11 12 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
11 12 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
11 12 (1.64%) User Experience
12 9 (1.23%) Mainframe
13 8 (1.09%) Enterprise Storage
13 8 (1.09%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.95%) NHS
15 6 (0.82%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 240 (32.74%) Windows
2 94 (12.82%) Windows Server
3 91 (12.41%) Linux
4 50 (6.82%) Windows 10
5 31 (4.23%) Windows Server 2012
6 30 (4.09%) Windows Server 2016
7 27 (3.68%) Unix
8 25 (3.41%) Windows Server 2008
9 18 (2.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 17 (2.32%) VMS
11 9 (1.23%) Android
11 9 (1.23%) Windows 7
11 9 (1.23%) Windows Server 2019
12 7 (0.95%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.68%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.55%) CentOS
14 4 (0.55%) Solaris
14 4 (0.55%) Windows 8
15 3 (0.41%) AIX
16 2 (0.27%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 298 (40.65%) DevOps
2 195 (26.60%) Agile Software Development
3 163 (22.24%) Migration
4 100 (13.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 86 (11.73%) Infrastructure as Code
6 84 (11.46%) Continuous Integration
7 76 (10.37%) Business Intelligence
8 75 (10.23%) Analytics
9 63 (8.59%) Microservices
10 61 (8.32%) Continuous Delivery
10 61 (8.32%) Test Automation
11 53 (7.23%) ITIL
12 51 (6.96%) Scrum
13 47 (6.41%) Data Management
14 43 (5.87%) Problem-Solving
15 41 (5.59%) Project Delivery
16 39 (5.32%) Configuration Management
17 34 (4.64%) Computer Science
17 34 (4.64%) Security Testing
17 34 (4.64%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 203 (27.69%) PowerShell
2 171 (23.33%) SQL
3 65 (8.87%) Python
4 47 (6.41%) C#
5 46 (6.28%) Java
6 35 (4.77%) JavaScript
7 24 (3.27%) T-SQL
8 23 (3.14%) Bash Shell
9 19 (2.59%) Ruby
10 11 (1.50%) C
11 10 (1.36%) Shell Script
12 9 (1.23%) PHP
13 8 (1.09%) TypeScript
14 7 (0.95%) Perl
15 6 (0.82%) R
16 5 (0.68%) Go
17 4 (0.55%) ES6
17 4 (0.55%) PL/SQL
17 4 (0.55%) VB
18 3 (0.41%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 74 (10.10%) Security Cleared
2 52 (7.09%) Degree
3 46 (6.28%) SC Cleared
4 31 (4.23%) Microsoft Certification
5 24 (3.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 23 (3.14%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.64%) Cisco Certification
8 11 (1.50%) MCSE
9 10 (1.36%) CCNA
10 9 (1.23%) BPSS Clearance
10 9 (1.23%) MCSA
11 8 (1.09%) CISSP
12 7 (0.95%) AWS Certification
13 6 (0.82%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 5 (0.68%) CISM
15 4 (0.55%) Citrix Certification
15 4 (0.55%) MCP
16 3 (0.41%) MCITP
16 3 (0.41%) MCTS
16 3 (0.41%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (2.86%) GDPR
2 17 (2.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (2.05%) QA
4 9 (1.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 9 (1.23%) SLA
5 8 (1.09%) NIST
6 7 (0.95%) GxP
7 5 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
8 4 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 4 (0.55%) NCSC
9 3 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.41%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.27%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.27%) HL7
10 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.14%) COBIT
11 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 167 (22.78%) Active Directory
2 86 (11.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 72 (9.82%) Docker
4 66 (9.00%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (5.32%) Hyper-V
6 38 (5.18%) vSphere
7 26 (3.55%) VMware ESXi
8 20 (2.73%) VMware NSX
9 12 (1.64%) XenApp
10 11 (1.50%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (0.95%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.55%) HDFS
12 4 (0.55%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.55%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.55%) VMware Workstation
13 3 (0.41%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.41%) NFS
13 3 (0.41%) Terminal Services
14 2 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.27%) VMFS
Systems Management
1 114 (15.55%) Ansible
2 105 (14.32%) Terraform
3 100 (13.64%) Kubernetes
4 44 (6.00%) SCCM
5 43 (5.87%) Puppet
6 38 (5.18%) Microsoft Intune
7 36 (4.91%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (2.73%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (1.77%) Microsoft Clustering
10 12 (1.64%) WSUS
11 11 (1.50%) Norton AntiVirus
12 10 (1.36%) vCenter Server
13 9 (1.23%) SCOM
14 8 (1.09%) NetBackup
15 7 (0.95%) AirWatch
15 7 (0.95%) CA Single Sign-On
16 6 (0.82%) Packer
16 6 (0.82%) vRealize
16 6 (0.82%) vRealize Orchestrator
17 5 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 311 (42.43%) Microsoft
2 124 (16.92%) VMware
3 59 (8.05%) Google
4 46 (6.28%) Cisco
5 43 (5.87%) Citrix
5 43 (5.87%) Oracle
6 30 (4.09%) SAP
7 26 (3.55%) Splunk
8 23 (3.14%) Informatica
9 20 (2.73%) Symantec
10 14 (1.91%) HP
11 12 (1.64%) Palo Alto
11 12 (1.64%) Red Hat
11 12 (1.64%) Tableau
12 11 (1.50%) EMC
12 11 (1.50%) NetApp
13 10 (1.36%) IBM
14 9 (1.23%) CA
14 9 (1.23%) Dynatrace
14 9 (1.23%) TOWER Software