Period
to 20 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 202 230 245
Rank change year-on-year +28 +15 +54
Contract jobs citing IaaS 424 1,031 1,192
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.35% 1.22% 1.16%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.28% 4.22% 5.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 319 652 774
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £363 £369 £375
90th Percentile £660 £711 £642
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £525 £475
% change year-on-year -9.52% +10.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 34 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -56.25% +128.57% -30.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 -
% change year-on-year -56.25% - -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,909 24,446 23,750
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.46% 28.95% 23.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,464 16,740 16,379
Median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.97% +4.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £311 £290 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 211 410 332
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% +22.86% -12.50%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £78.75 £59.75
Median hourly rate £22.82 £22.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +3.73% +25.71% -5.41%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 20 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 377 £500 -4.76% 225
London +47 205 £500 -9.09% 69
UK excluding London +26 177 £475 -9.52% 164
Work from Home -45 88 £500 -15.25% 35
South East +5 67 £550 +3.04% 60
North of England +47 42 £500 - 44
Midlands +52 30 £419 -18.29% 22
Yorkshire +42 27 £500 -9.09% 16
East Midlands +58 19 £405 -20.98% 5
Scotland +56 19 £393 -26.98% 7
South West +88 14 £434 -17.38% 20
West Midlands +31 11 £438 -14.63% 17
North West +61 9 £525 +5.00% 26
East of England +76 6 £375 -29.25% 10
North East +24 5 £400 +6.67% 2

For the 6 months to 20 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 313 (73.82%) PaaS
2 270 (63.68%) Azure
3 174 (41.04%) DevOps
4 148 (34.91%) Microsoft
5 136 (32.08%) SaaS
6 131 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
7 127 (29.95%) AWS
8 121 (28.54%) Windows
9 87 (20.52%) Active Directory
10 85 (20.05%) Security Cleared
11 79 (18.63%) Migration
12 77 (18.16%) Terraform
13 75 (17.69%) PowerShell
14 71 (16.75%) Linux
14 71 (16.75%) Jenkins
15 66 (15.57%) Python
16 64 (15.09%) SC Cleared
17 63 (14.86%) Finance
18 61 (14.39%) Office 365
19 60 (14.15%) Java
19 60 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
20 59 (13.92%) Firewall
21 58 (13.68%) Public Cloud
22 57 (13.44%) DNS
23 56 (13.21%) Windows Server
24 54 (12.74%) Microservices
24 54 (12.74%) VMware
25 53 (12.50%) SQL
26 52 (12.26%) Git (software)
26 52 (12.26%) Kubernetes

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.90%) Confluence
2 24 (5.66%) Cloud Foundry
3 21 (4.95%) Mule
4 16 (3.77%) SharePoint
5 9 (2.12%) Skype for Business
6 7 (1.65%) CMS
6 7 (1.65%) JBoss
7 6 (1.42%) MS Exchange
7 6 (1.42%) NetWeaver
7 6 (1.42%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
8 4 (0.94%) Exchange Server 2010
9 2 (0.47%) Apache
9 2 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
9 2 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.47%) SharePoint Server
10 1 (0.24%) nginx
10 1 (0.24%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.24%) WordPress
Applications
1 14 (3.30%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.42%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.94%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.94%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.47%) Infor M3
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.47%) Siebel CRM
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.24%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 313 (73.82%) PaaS
2 270 (63.68%) Azure
3 136 (32.08%) SaaS
4 127 (29.95%) AWS
5 61 (14.39%) Office 365
6 47 (11.08%) GCP
7 36 (8.49%) GitHub
8 27 (6.37%) Azure Active Directory
9 22 (5.19%) Serverless
10 21 (4.95%) Cloud Computing
11 20 (4.72%) Slack
12 15 (3.54%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 15 (3.54%) Power Platform
13 10 (2.36%) Azure Functions
14 9 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
15 7 (1.65%) Datadog
15 7 (1.65%) OpenShift
16 6 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
16 6 (1.42%) OneDrive
16 6 (1.42%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 59 (13.92%) Firewall
2 57 (13.44%) DNS
3 39 (9.20%) VPN
4 32 (7.55%) DHCP
4 32 (7.55%) WAN
5 23 (5.42%) Wireless
6 18 (4.25%) Internet
7 15 (3.54%) Skype
8 14 (3.30%) DMZ
9 13 (3.07%) VSAN
10 12 (2.83%) Intranet
10 12 (2.83%) LAN
11 11 (2.59%) MPLS
11 11 (2.59%) SAN
12 10 (2.36%) TCP/IP
13 9 (2.12%) Remote Desktop
14 8 (1.89%) Kerberos
14 8 (1.89%) Network Security
14 8 (1.89%) VoIP
15 6 (1.42%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (7.31%) SQL Server
2 29 (6.84%) Azure SQL Database
3 14 (3.30%) Big Data
4 12 (2.83%) Cosmos DB
5 11 (2.59%) Power BI
6 9 (2.12%) MongoDB
6 9 (2.12%) MySQL
7 7 (1.65%) SAP HANA
8 6 (1.42%) DB2
8 6 (1.42%) Oracle Reports
9 5 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 4 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.94%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.94%) Geospatial Data
10 4 (0.94%) GIS
10 4 (0.94%) PostgreSQL
10 4 (0.94%) SQL Server 2019
11 3 (0.71%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.71%) Oracle Database 12c
11 3 (0.71%) Redis
Development Applications
1 71 (16.75%) Jenkins
2 52 (12.26%) Git (software)
3 30 (7.08%) JIRA
3 30 (7.08%) Sonatype Nexus
4 24 (5.66%) JUnit
5 21 (4.95%) Android Studio
5 21 (4.95%) CocoaPods
5 21 (4.95%) Mockito
5 21 (4.95%) Xcode
6 20 (4.72%) IntelliJ
6 20 (4.72%) Maven
7 12 (2.83%) Cypress.io
8 10 (2.36%) Bitbucket
9 9 (2.12%) GitLab
10 8 (1.89%) Subversion
11 7 (1.65%) Cucumber
11 7 (1.65%) Jasmine
11 7 (1.65%) Selenium
11 7 (1.65%) SonarQube
11 7 (1.65%) WebDriver
General
1 63 (14.86%) Finance
2 47 (11.08%) Public Sector
3 29 (6.84%) Banking
4 11 (2.59%) Retail
5 10 (2.36%) Pharmaceutical
6 8 (1.89%) Manufacturing
7 6 (1.42%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.94%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.71%) Electronics
9 3 (0.71%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.71%) French Language
9 3 (0.71%) Marketing
9 3 (0.71%) Spanish Language
10 2 (0.47%) German Language
10 2 (0.47%) Italian Language
10 2 (0.47%) Legal
10 2 (0.47%) Local Government
10 2 (0.47%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.24%) International Banking
11 1 (0.24%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 133 (31.37%) Architect
2 55 (12.97%) Azure Engineer
3 39 (9.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 37 (8.73%) Solutions Architect
5 32 (7.55%) Azure Architect
5 32 (7.55%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 27 (6.37%) Cloud Architect
6 27 (6.37%) Developer
7 25 (5.90%) Consultant
8 23 (5.42%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 22 (5.19%) Cloud Engineer
10 20 (4.72%) Azure DevOps
11 18 (4.25%) Infrastructure Architect
12 15 (3.54%) Technical Architect
13 14 (3.30%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
14 13 (3.07%) Security Architect
15 11 (2.59%) Azure Consultant
16 10 (2.36%) Azure Specialist
16 10 (2.36%) Security Engineer
16 10 (2.36%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (9.43%) JSON
1 40 (9.43%) REST
2 31 (7.31%) Node.js
3 27 (6.37%) .NET
4 24 (5.66%) React
5 23 (5.42%) Spring
6 21 (4.95%) WireMock
7 20 (4.72%) RESTful
7 20 (4.72%) Spring Boot
7 20 (4.72%) Web Services
8 17 (4.01%) Middleware
9 13 (3.07%) Oracle Fusion
10 10 (2.36%) LDAP
11 8 (1.89%) Gherkin
12 7 (1.65%) SOAP
12 7 (1.65%) XML
13 6 (1.42%) SAML
13 6 (1.42%) SAP Basis
14 4 (0.94%) OAuth
14 4 (0.94%) OpenID
Miscellaneous
1 58 (13.68%) Public Cloud
2 44 (10.38%) Data Centre
3 37 (8.73%) Hybrid Cloud
4 33 (7.78%) PKI
5 24 (5.66%) Mobile App
6 21 (4.95%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (3.07%) Client/Server
7 13 (3.07%) Cloud Native
7 13 (3.07%) Clustering
7 13 (3.07%) Credit Risk
8 10 (2.36%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 9 (2.12%) User Experience
10 8 (1.89%) Analytical Skills
10 8 (1.89%) Augmented Reality
11 7 (1.65%) Private Cloud
11 7 (1.65%) Replication
12 6 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (1.42%) Management Information System
12 6 (1.42%) Virtual Team
13 5 (1.18%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 121 (28.54%) Windows
2 71 (16.75%) Linux
3 56 (13.21%) Windows Server
4 23 (5.42%) Android
4 23 (5.42%) Apple iOS
4 23 (5.42%) Windows 10
4 23 (5.42%) Windows Server 2016
5 22 (5.19%) Windows Server 2012
6 20 (4.72%) Unix
7 17 (4.01%) Windows Server 2019
8 15 (3.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (3.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 8 (1.89%) Solaris
9 8 (1.89%) Ubuntu
10 6 (1.42%) VMS
11 4 (0.94%) AIX
11 4 (0.94%) Windows NT
11 4 (0.94%) Windows XP
12 3 (0.71%) CentOS
13 2 (0.47%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 174 (41.04%) DevOps
2 131 (30.90%) Agile Software Development
3 79 (18.63%) Migration
4 60 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
5 54 (12.74%) Microservices
6 52 (12.26%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 45 (10.61%) Infrastructure as Code
7 45 (10.61%) Test Automation
8 41 (9.67%) Scrum
9 38 (8.96%) Service Management
10 37 (8.73%) Continuous Delivery
11 34 (8.02%) High Availability
12 32 (7.55%) Kanban
13 31 (7.31%) TOGAF
14 29 (6.84%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 28 (6.60%) ITIL
16 27 (6.37%) Configuration Management
17 26 (6.13%) SIEM
18 25 (5.90%) Security Architecture
19 24 (5.66%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 75 (17.69%) PowerShell
2 66 (15.57%) Python
3 60 (14.15%) Java
4 53 (12.50%) SQL
5 21 (4.95%) Apple Swift
5 21 (4.95%) Kotlin
6 20 (4.72%) Java 8
7 19 (4.48%) C#
8 14 (3.30%) Bash Shell
8 14 (3.30%) JavaScript
9 12 (2.83%) C
10 11 (2.59%) Perl
11 7 (1.65%) Go
12 6 (1.42%) Groovy
12 6 (1.42%) Ruby
13 4 (0.94%) Shell Script
14 3 (0.71%) PHP
14 3 (0.71%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.47%) AWK
15 2 (0.47%) Jython
Qualifications
1 85 (20.05%) Security Cleared
2 64 (15.09%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.01%) CISSP
4 16 (3.77%) AWS Certification
4 16 (3.77%) DV Cleared
5 12 (2.83%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (1.65%) MCSE
7 6 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.42%) TOGAF Certification
7 6 (1.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 5 (1.18%) CCNA
8 5 (1.18%) CISA
8 5 (1.18%) CISM
8 5 (1.18%) Degree
9 3 (0.71%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 3 (0.71%) CCNP
9 3 (0.71%) CSSLP
10 2 (0.47%) GPEN
10 2 (0.47%) OSCE
10 2 (0.47%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.59%) QA
2 10 (2.36%) GDPR
2 10 (2.36%) PCI DSS
3 9 (2.12%) SLA
4 6 (1.42%) COBIT
5 5 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (1.18%) NIST
6 3 (0.71%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.71%) NCSC
7 2 (0.47%) Basel III
7 2 (0.47%) PMO
7 2 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.24%) GMP
8 1 (0.24%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.24%) JSP 440
System Software
1 87 (20.52%) Active Directory
2 51 (12.03%) Docker
3 40 (9.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (6.37%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (5.66%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (2.83%) vSphere
7 11 (2.59%) Hyper-V
8 9 (2.12%) VMware NSX
9 7 (1.65%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (1.18%) NFS
11 4 (0.94%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.71%) VMFS
13 2 (0.47%) vCloud
13 2 (0.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 2 (0.47%) XenApp
14 1 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 1 (0.24%) KVM
14 1 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
14 1 (0.24%) UAG
14 1 (0.24%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 77 (18.16%) Terraform
2 52 (12.26%) Kubernetes
3 50 (11.79%) Ansible
4 21 (4.95%) SCCM
5 20 (4.72%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (4.25%) Microsoft Intune
6 18 (4.25%) Puppet
7 11 (2.59%) Salt
7 11 (2.59%) SCOM
7 11 (2.59%) Single Sign-On
7 11 (2.59%) vCenter Server
8 10 (2.36%) vRealize
9 8 (1.89%) Nessus
10 7 (1.65%) Microsoft Clustering
11 5 (1.18%) McAfee ePO
12 4 (0.94%) Consul
12 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 4 (0.94%) Red Hat Satellite
12 4 (0.94%) WSUS
13 3 (0.71%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 148 (34.91%) Microsoft
2 54 (12.74%) VMware
3 47 (11.08%) Oracle
4 42 (9.91%) Cisco
5 41 (9.67%) Splunk
6 37 (8.73%) Google
7 24 (5.66%) AppDynamics
8 20 (4.72%) Palo Alto
9 18 (4.25%) Red Hat
10 17 (4.01%) SaltStack
11 15 (3.54%) Fortinet
12 13 (3.07%) Dell
13 12 (2.83%) Citrix
14 11 (2.59%) SAP
15 10 (2.36%) ServiceNow
15 10 (2.36%) SolarWinds
16 9 (2.12%) NetApp
17 8 (1.89%) New Relic
18 7 (1.65%) Juniper
19 6 (1.42%) Veeam