Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 190 218 193
Rank change year-on-year +28 -25 +54
Contract jobs citing IaaS 580 908 1,494
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.38% 1.25% 1.50%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.15% 4.22% 5.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 591 993
Median daily rate £500 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £376
90th Percentile £663 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £514 £500
% change year-on-year -2.72% +2.80% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 15 3
Median hourly rate £14.00 £80.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -82.50% +68.42% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £80.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year - +68.42% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,986 21,539 25,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.34% 29.73% 25.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,912 15,009 17,730
Median daily rate £495 £490 £498
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.02% -1.51% +4.74%
10th Percentile £303 £275 £300
90th Percentile £650 £669 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £448 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -0.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 270 330 287
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.17 £11.15
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.88 £42.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £17.43
% change year-on-year +8.11% +6.14% +2.53%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 493 £500 -4.76% 234
London +62 288 £500 -8.68% 96
UK excluding London -13 201 £500 -2.72% 139
Work from Home -56 167 £500 +5.26% 33
South East +15 81 £550 +3.77% 27
North of England +16 48 £500 +1.27% 43
Yorkshire +7 32 £450 -14.29% 10
Midlands +30 25 £450 -12.20% 36
Scotland +1 16 £425 -17.07%
South West +63 13 £434 -17.38% 18
East of England +57 13 £375 -11.76% 11
East Midlands +42 13 £405 -21.93% 19
North West +27 11 £513 +15.17% 27
West Midlands +8 8 £450 -12.20% 17
Wales +26 5 £513 +2.50% 4
North East +21 4 £350 -17.65% 6

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 429 (73.97%) PaaS
2 375 (64.66%) Azure
3 230 (39.66%) DevOps
4 197 (33.97%) AWS
5 189 (32.59%) Microsoft
6 182 (31.38%) SaaS
7 175 (30.17%) Agile Software Development
8 154 (26.55%) Windows
9 133 (22.93%) Terraform
10 113 (19.48%) Security Cleared
11 111 (19.14%) Linux
12 105 (18.10%) Active Directory
13 101 (17.41%) PowerShell
14 97 (16.72%) Migration
15 93 (16.03%) Jenkins
16 88 (15.17%) Kubernetes
17 87 (15.00%) GCP
17 87 (15.00%) Docker
18 86 (14.83%) Python
19 84 (14.48%) SC Cleared
20 82 (14.14%) Finance
20 82 (14.14%) Ansible
21 81 (13.97%) Microservices
22 77 (13.28%) SQL
23 76 (13.10%) VMware
24 73 (12.59%) Java
25 72 (12.41%) Office 365
25 72 (12.41%) Infrastructure as Code
26 70 (12.07%) Public Cloud
26 70 (12.07%) Firewall

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (6.38%) Cloud Foundry
2 35 (6.03%) Confluence
3 27 (4.66%) Mule
4 16 (2.76%) SharePoint
5 12 (2.07%) Skype for Business
6 11 (1.90%) MS Exchange
7 7 (1.21%) Exchange Server 2010
7 7 (1.21%) JBoss
8 6 (1.03%) Apache
8 6 (1.03%) NetWeaver
8 6 (1.03%) OpenStack
8 6 (1.03%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
9 4 (0.69%) Exchange Server 2013
9 4 (0.69%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.52%) nginx
11 2 (0.34%) Apache Spark
11 2 (0.34%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.34%) SharePoint Server
12 1 (0.17%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 18 (3.10%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (2.07%) MS Visio
3 11 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.69%) Dynamics AX
1 4 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.69%) Sentinel
2 3 (0.52%) Infor M3
3 2 (0.34%) Remedy AR System
3 2 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 429 (73.97%) PaaS
2 375 (64.66%) Azure
3 197 (33.97%) AWS
4 182 (31.38%) SaaS
5 87 (15.00%) GCP
6 72 (12.41%) Office 365
7 52 (8.97%) Serverless
8 47 (8.10%) GitHub
9 41 (7.07%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (6.38%) Azure Active Directory
11 25 (4.31%) Slack
12 19 (3.28%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 19 (3.28%) Power Platform
13 17 (2.93%) Azure Functions
14 15 (2.59%) OpenShift
15 10 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
15 10 (1.72%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (1.72%) AWS Lambda
16 8 (1.38%) PowerApps
17 6 (1.03%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 70 (12.07%) Firewall
2 64 (11.03%) DNS
3 43 (7.41%) VPN
4 34 (5.86%) WAN
5 33 (5.69%) DHCP
6 26 (4.48%) VSAN
7 21 (3.62%) Internet
8 20 (3.45%) Wireless
9 18 (3.10%) Skype
10 16 (2.76%) LAN
10 16 (2.76%) Network Security
11 14 (2.41%) Cisco Nexus
11 14 (2.41%) DMZ
12 12 (2.07%) VoIP
13 11 (1.90%) TCP/IP
14 10 (1.72%) Intranet
14 10 (1.72%) Intrusion Detection
15 9 (1.55%) Cisco ASA
15 9 (1.55%) HTTP
15 9 (1.55%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (8.62%) SQL Server
2 35 (6.03%) Azure SQL Database
3 14 (2.41%) Power BI
4 12 (2.07%) MongoDB
4 12 (2.07%) NoSQL
4 12 (2.07%) Relational Database
5 11 (1.90%) Big Data
5 11 (1.90%) Cosmos DB
6 10 (1.72%) Redis
7 8 (1.38%) Hadoop
7 8 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 7 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (1.21%) MySQL
8 7 (1.21%) RDBMS
8 7 (1.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 6 (1.03%) DB2
9 6 (1.03%) SAP HANA
10 5 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
10 5 (0.86%) Oracle Database
10 5 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 93 (16.03%) Jenkins
2 61 (10.52%) Git (software)
3 41 (7.07%) JIRA
4 37 (6.38%) Sonatype Nexus
5 32 (5.52%) JUnit
5 32 (5.52%) Maven
6 28 (4.83%) Mockito
7 27 (4.66%) Android Studio
7 27 (4.66%) CocoaPods
7 27 (4.66%) Xcode
8 26 (4.48%) IntelliJ
9 18 (3.10%) TeamCity
10 14 (2.41%) Bitbucket
11 13 (2.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 12 (2.07%) GitLab
12 12 (2.07%) Octopus Deploy
13 10 (1.72%) JMeter
13 10 (1.72%) Subversion
14 9 (1.55%) Selenium
14 9 (1.55%) SonarQube
General
1 82 (14.14%) Finance
2 56 (9.66%) Public Sector
3 51 (8.79%) Banking
4 15 (2.59%) Retail
5 9 (1.55%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (0.86%) Investment Banking
6 5 (0.86%) Manufacturing
6 5 (0.86%) Marketing
7 4 (0.69%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.52%) Billing
8 3 (0.52%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.34%) French Language
9 2 (0.34%) International Banking
9 2 (0.34%) Law
9 2 (0.34%) Legal
9 2 (0.34%) Local Government
10 1 (0.17%) German Language
10 1 (0.17%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.17%) Polish Language
10 1 (0.17%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 179 (30.86%) Architect
2 66 (11.38%) Azure Engineer
3 61 (10.52%) DevOps Engineer
4 54 (9.31%) Consultant
5 48 (8.28%) Cloud Architect
6 46 (7.93%) Developer
7 45 (7.76%) Azure Architect
8 41 (7.07%) Cloud Engineer
9 39 (6.72%) Solutions Architect
10 38 (6.55%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 26 (4.48%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 24 (4.14%) Azure Consultant
13 21 (3.62%) Azure DevOps
13 21 (3.62%) Cloud Consultant
13 21 (3.62%) Security Architect
14 20 (3.45%) AWS Architect
15 18 (3.10%) Technical Architect
16 17 (2.93%) Enterprise Architect
17 15 (2.59%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
18 14 (2.41%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (10.86%) JSON
2 46 (7.93%) Node.js
2 46 (7.93%) REST
3 43 (7.41%) .NET
4 37 (6.38%) Spring
5 33 (5.69%) Web Services
6 31 (5.34%) Spring Boot
7 30 (5.17%) React
8 29 (5.00%) RESTful
9 27 (4.66%) WireMock
10 18 (3.10%) LDAP
11 16 (2.76%) YAML
12 12 (2.07%) CSS
12 12 (2.07%) Oracle Fusion
12 12 (2.07%) SOAP
13 11 (1.90%) .NET Core
13 11 (1.90%) ASP.NET
13 11 (1.90%) HTML
14 10 (1.72%) Middleware
15 9 (1.55%) Task Parallel Library
Miscellaneous
1 70 (12.07%) Public Cloud
2 62 (10.69%) Data Centre
3 56 (9.66%) Hybrid Cloud
4 34 (5.86%) Cloud Native
5 32 (5.52%) Mobile App
6 30 (5.17%) PKI
6 30 (5.17%) Private Cloud
7 18 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.76%) Credit Risk
8 16 (2.76%) Management Information System
9 14 (2.41%) Clustering
10 12 (2.07%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 10 (1.72%) Replication
12 9 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.38%) Algorithms
13 8 (1.38%) Augmented Reality
13 8 (1.38%) iPad
14 7 (1.21%) Analytical Skills
14 7 (1.21%) Enterprise Cloud
14 7 (1.21%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 154 (26.55%) Windows
2 111 (19.14%) Linux
3 64 (11.03%) Windows Server
4 29 (5.00%) Android
4 29 (5.00%) Apple iOS
5 24 (4.14%) Windows Server 2016
6 23 (3.97%) Windows Server 2012
7 20 (3.45%) Windows Server 2008
8 19 (3.28%) Windows 10
9 17 (2.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (2.76%) Unix
10 16 (2.76%) Windows Server 2019
11 14 (2.41%) Ubuntu
12 13 (2.24%) VMS
13 11 (1.90%) Solaris
14 5 (0.86%) AIX
15 4 (0.69%) CentOS
15 4 (0.69%) Windows NT
15 4 (0.69%) Windows XP
16 3 (0.52%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 230 (39.66%) DevOps
2 175 (30.17%) Agile Software Development
3 97 (16.72%) Migration
4 81 (13.97%) Microservices
5 72 (12.41%) Infrastructure as Code
6 66 (11.38%) Continuous Integration
6 66 (11.38%) Scrum
7 61 (10.52%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 51 (8.79%) High Availability
8 51 (8.79%) Service Management
9 47 (8.10%) Kanban
10 46 (7.93%) Test Automation
11 43 (7.41%) Configuration Management
11 43 (7.41%) TDD
12 42 (7.24%) TOGAF
13 40 (6.90%) SIEM
14 39 (6.72%) Security Architecture
15 35 (6.03%) Scaled Agile Framework
16 32 (5.52%) Continuous Delivery
17 31 (5.34%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 101 (17.41%) PowerShell
2 86 (14.83%) Python
3 77 (13.28%) SQL
4 73 (12.59%) Java
5 39 (6.72%) C#
6 38 (6.55%) Bash Shell
7 29 (5.00%) Java 8
7 29 (5.00%) Kotlin
8 28 (4.83%) JavaScript
9 27 (4.66%) Apple Swift
10 22 (3.79%) Go
11 14 (2.41%) Ruby
12 8 (1.38%) Scala
13 7 (1.21%) PHP
14 6 (1.03%) Perl
15 5 (0.86%) C
16 4 (0.69%) C++
16 4 (0.69%) Shell Script
16 4 (0.69%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.52%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 113 (19.48%) Security Cleared
2 84 (14.48%) SC Cleared
3 24 (4.14%) CISSP
4 23 (3.97%) DV Cleared
5 18 (3.10%) Microsoft Certification
6 17 (2.93%) Degree
7 12 (2.07%) AWS Certification
8 11 (1.90%) CISM
9 9 (1.55%) CRISC
10 8 (1.38%) CESG Certified Professional
10 8 (1.38%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (1.38%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 6 (1.03%) CCNA
12 5 (0.86%) CISA
12 5 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
12 5 (0.86%) MCSE
12 5 (0.86%) PMI Certification
12 5 (0.86%) RHCE
12 5 (0.86%) RHCSA
13 4 (0.69%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.28%) SLA
2 16 (2.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (2.41%) GDPR
4 13 (2.24%) NIST
5 10 (1.72%) PCI DSS
6 9 (1.55%) Cyber Essentials
6 9 (1.55%) NCSC
7 7 (1.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 7 (1.21%) JSP 440
8 6 (1.03%) COBIT
9 4 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.69%) NIST 800
9 4 (0.69%) QA
10 3 (0.52%) Basel III
10 3 (0.52%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.34%) GMP
11 2 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 105 (18.10%) Active Directory
2 87 (15.00%) Docker
3 57 (9.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (6.72%) Virtual Machines
5 35 (6.03%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (3.97%) VMware NSX
7 20 (3.45%) vSphere
8 16 (2.76%) Hyper-V
9 10 (1.72%) NFS
10 9 (1.55%) VMFS
11 8 (1.38%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.69%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.69%) Xen
13 3 (0.52%) KVM
13 3 (0.52%) XenApp
14 2 (0.34%) OCFS2
14 2 (0.34%) Postfix
14 2 (0.34%) qmail
14 2 (0.34%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 2 (0.34%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 133 (22.93%) Terraform
2 88 (15.17%) Kubernetes
3 82 (14.14%) Ansible
4 31 (5.34%) Opscode Chef
4 31 (5.34%) vRealize
5 28 (4.83%) vCenter Server
6 22 (3.79%) Puppet
7 15 (2.59%) Microsoft Intune
8 14 (2.41%) SCCM
9 11 (1.90%) Single Sign-On
10 9 (1.55%) Nessus
10 9 (1.55%) vMotion
11 8 (1.38%) Grafana
12 7 (1.21%) Microsoft Clustering
12 7 (1.21%) SCOM
13 5 (0.86%) Consul
14 4 (0.69%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 4 (0.69%) Red Hat Satellite
14 4 (0.69%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 4 (0.69%) WSUS
Vendors
1 189 (32.59%) Microsoft
2 76 (13.10%) VMware
3 63 (10.86%) Oracle
4 52 (8.97%) Google
5 51 (8.79%) Splunk
6 46 (7.93%) Cisco
7 30 (5.17%) Dell
8 27 (4.66%) AppDynamics
8 27 (4.66%) Palo Alto
8 27 (4.66%) Red Hat
9 18 (3.10%) Fortinet
10 17 (2.93%) Citrix
11 14 (2.41%) New Relic
12 11 (1.90%) SAP
12 11 (1.90%) ServiceNow
13 10 (1.72%) Atlassian
13 10 (1.72%) Juniper
13 10 (1.72%) SaltStack
14 9 (1.55%) SolarWinds
15 8 (1.38%) Veeam