Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 302 316 446
Rank change year-on-year +14 +130 +66
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 1,725 1,883 1,248
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.09% 1.05% 0.67%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.44% 5.42% 5.05%
Number of salaries quoted 1,325 1,470 918
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,750 £40,500 £39,750
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -8.70%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 38,864 34,714 24,720
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.58% 19.34% 13.34%
Number of salaries quoted 31,039 28,647 20,734
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.94% +2.00%
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing IaaS.

Salary trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Salary histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 1,646 £62,500 -1.57% 257
UK excluding London +73 947 £60,000 +9.09% 180
London -29 728 £70,000 +3.70% 90
South East +47 341 £60,000 - 49
North of England +27 209 £52,500 -4.55% 44
Midlands +104 204 £57,500 +4.55% 44
West Midlands +94 146 £57,500 +15.00% 25
Yorkshire +41 106 £52,500 -4.55% 14
North West +28 100 £60,000 +9.09% 25
East of England +53 85 £55,000 -18.52% 15
South West +1 61 £55,000 +4.76% 16
East Midlands +46 57 £55,000 -12.00% 18
Scotland +19 32 £54,175 +17.14% 8
North East +1 19 £70,000 - 5
Wales -17 18 £45,000 +16.13% 3
Channel Islands - 3 - -
Northern Ireland -7 1 £35,000 -56.79% 2

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,247 (72.29%) PaaS
2 1,090 (63.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 801 (46.43%) SaaS
4 785 (45.51%) Microsoft
5 733 (42.49%) Amazon AWS
6 545 (31.59%) DevOps
7 536 (31.07%) Windows
8 507 (29.39%) Agile Software Development
9 412 (23.88%) SQL
10 356 (20.64%) VMware
11 354 (20.52%) Active Directory
12 336 (19.48%) PowerShell
13 309 (17.91%) Linux
14 294 (17.04%) Finance
15 293 (16.99%) Migration
16 288 (16.70%) SQL Server
17 286 (16.58%) Firewall
18 284 (16.46%) Presales
19 283 (16.41%) Office 365
20 263 (15.25%) Docker
21 252 (14.61%) VMware Infrastructure
22 242 (14.03%) Python
23 241 (13.97%) Java
24 237 (13.74%) ITIL
25 234 (13.57%) Windows Server
26 233 (13.51%) Jenkins
27 231 (13.39%) DNS
28 230 (13.33%) Degree
29 229 (13.28%) Public Cloud
30 228 (13.22%) Puppet

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (5.45%) MS Exchange
2 92 (5.33%) SharePoint
3 74 (4.29%) Skype for Business
4 69 (4.00%) OpenStack
5 62 (3.59%) Confluence
6 60 (3.48%) IIS
7 54 (3.13%) Apache
7 54 (3.13%) Cloud Foundry
8 49 (2.84%) WebLogic
9 43 (2.49%) CMS
9 43 (2.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 42 (2.43%) JBoss
11 36 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
12 31 (1.80%) Exchange Server 2013
13 29 (1.68%) WordPress
14 26 (1.51%) Apache Spark
14 26 (1.51%) WebSphere
15 22 (1.28%) BizTalk Server
15 22 (1.28%) Tomcat
16 20 (1.16%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 46 (2.67%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.87%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.12%) Snapchat
6 1 (0.058%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 31 (1.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.70%) Oracle ERP
3 11 (0.64%) Oracle Applications
3 11 (0.64%) Oracle EBS
3 11 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.52%) Magento
5 7 (0.41%) SAP GRC
6 5 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
7 4 (0.23%) SAP CRM
8 3 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.12%) Maximo
10 1 (0.058%) Payment Gateway
10 1 (0.058%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,247 (72.29%) PaaS
2 1,090 (63.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 801 (46.43%) SaaS
4 733 (42.49%) Amazon AWS
5 283 (16.41%) Office 365
6 199 (11.54%) Google Cloud Platform
7 107 (6.20%) Serverless
8 102 (5.91%) Cloud Computing
9 100 (5.80%) AWS CloudFormation
10 90 (5.22%) Azure Active Directory
11 73 (4.23%) GitHub
12 50 (2.90%) Dynamics 365
13 40 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
14 37 (2.14%) Azure Functions
15 35 (2.03%) OpenShift
16 27 (1.57%) Akamai
17 25 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 24 (1.39%) Azure Data Factory
19 23 (1.33%) Amazon S3
20 20 (1.16%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 286 (16.58%) Firewall
2 231 (13.39%) DNS
3 138 (8.00%) TCP/IP
4 111 (6.43%) VPN
5 107 (6.20%) WAN
6 106 (6.14%) SAN
7 99 (5.74%) Internet
8 95 (5.51%) DHCP
9 93 (5.39%) LAN
10 71 (4.12%) Network Security
11 58 (3.36%) Skype
12 53 (3.07%) SSL
13 44 (2.55%) HTTP
14 33 (1.91%) Unified Communications
14 33 (1.91%) VLAN
15 32 (1.86%) NAS
16 26 (1.51%) Reverse Proxy
16 26 (1.51%) Software-Defined Networking
17 23 (1.33%) Fibre Channel
18 21 (1.22%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (16.70%) SQL Server
2 114 (6.61%) Azure SQL Database
3 98 (5.68%) Big Data
4 86 (4.99%) Relational Database
5 85 (4.93%) NoSQL
6 70 (4.06%) MySQL
7 64 (3.71%) Amazon RDS
8 63 (3.65%) MongoDB
9 56 (3.25%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (2.96%) RDBMS
11 47 (2.72%) Hadoop
12 44 (2.55%) Apache Cassandra
13 38 (2.20%) PostgreSQL
14 33 (1.91%) Oracle Database
14 33 (1.91%) Power BI
14 33 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 31 (1.80%) SAP HANA
16 30 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 25 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 22 (1.28%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 233 (13.51%) Jenkins
2 174 (10.09%) Git (software)
3 107 (6.20%) TeamCity
4 88 (5.10%) JIRA
5 87 (5.04%) Visual Studio
6 64 (3.71%) Visual Studio Team System
7 51 (2.96%) Maven
8 42 (2.43%) Octopus Deploy
9 32 (1.86%) Selenium
10 31 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 31 (1.80%) CircleCI
11 30 (1.74%) GitLab
11 30 (1.74%) Team Foundation Server
12 28 (1.62%) Codeship
12 28 (1.62%) SonarQube
13 27 (1.57%) Subversion
14 18 (1.04%) Bitbucket
15 17 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
16 16 (0.93%) Ant
17 15 (0.87%) Vagrant
General
1 294 (17.04%) Finance
2 93 (5.39%) Marketing
3 76 (4.41%) Retail
4 60 (3.48%) Banking
5 48 (2.78%) Publishing
6 25 (1.45%) Billing
6 25 (1.45%) Telecoms
7 23 (1.33%) Games
8 20 (1.16%) Manufacturing
9 18 (1.04%) French Language
9 18 (1.04%) German Language
10 16 (0.93%) Legal
11 15 (0.87%) Electronics
12 13 (0.75%) Financial Institution
12 13 (0.75%) Swedish Language
13 11 (0.64%) Advertising
13 11 (0.64%) Local Government
13 11 (0.64%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.41%) Law
15 6 (0.35%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 582 (33.74%) Architect
2 251 (14.55%) Cloud Architect
3 189 (10.96%) Solutions Architect
4 178 (10.32%) Azure Architect
5 173 (10.03%) Consultant
6 157 (9.10%) DevOps Engineer
7 124 (7.19%) Cloud Engineer
8 108 (6.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 104 (6.03%) Azure Engineer
10 94 (5.45%) Developer
11 77 (4.46%) Technical Architect
12 73 (4.23%) Cloud Solutions Architect
13 62 (3.59%) AWS Architect
14 60 (3.48%) Cloud Consultant
15 59 (3.42%) Technical Consultant
16 58 (3.36%) Infrastructure Architect
17 56 (3.25%) Analyst
18 54 (3.13%) Support Engineer
19 53 (3.07%) Azure Consultant
20 49 (2.84%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 191 (11.07%) .NET
2 131 (7.59%) Web Services
3 102 (5.91%) REST
4 101 (5.86%) HTML
5 90 (5.22%) Node.js
6 66 (3.83%) CSS
6 66 (3.83%) JSON
7 63 (3.65%) Spring
8 54 (3.13%) AngularJS
9 50 (2.90%) Spring Boot
10 48 (2.78%) .NET Framework
11 47 (2.72%) HTML5
12 46 (2.67%) ASP.NET
12 46 (2.67%) SOAP
13 36 (2.09%) Middleware
14 33 (1.91%) Java EE
14 33 (1.91%) LDAP
15 31 (1.80%) ASP.NET MVC
16 30 (1.74%) RESTful
17 29 (1.68%) React
Miscellaneous
1 229 (13.28%) Public Cloud
2 227 (13.16%) Data Centre
3 164 (9.51%) Hybrid Cloud
4 118 (6.84%) Analytical Skills
5 95 (5.51%) Management Information System
6 87 (5.04%) Self-Motivation
7 85 (4.93%) Private Cloud
8 70 (4.06%) Enterprise Software
9 52 (3.01%) Clustering
10 51 (2.96%) Mobile App
11 49 (2.84%) User Experience
12 43 (2.49%) PKI
13 37 (2.14%) Replication
14 33 (1.91%) Cloud Native
15 30 (1.74%) Fintech
16 28 (1.62%) Blog
17 22 (1.28%) Security Operations Centre
18 20 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
19 19 (1.10%) Virtual Team
20 17 (0.99%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 536 (31.07%) Windows
2 309 (17.91%) Linux
3 234 (13.57%) Windows Server
4 135 (7.83%) Unix
5 83 (4.81%) Windows Server 2008
6 81 (4.70%) Windows Server 2012
7 69 (4.00%) Windows 10
8 38 (2.20%) Apple iOS
9 35 (2.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 33 (1.91%) Windows Server 2003
11 30 (1.74%) Android
12 29 (1.68%) Windows 7
13 26 (1.51%) Solaris
14 22 (1.28%) Windows 8
15 15 (0.87%) AIX
16 14 (0.81%) CentOS
17 12 (0.70%) Ubuntu
18 11 (0.64%) Windows Phone
19 10 (0.58%) Windows Vista
19 10 (0.58%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 545 (31.59%) DevOps
2 507 (29.39%) Agile Software Development
3 293 (16.99%) Migration
4 284 (16.46%) Presales
5 237 (13.74%) ITIL
6 221 (12.81%) Microservices
7 176 (10.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 161 (9.33%) Project Management
9 160 (9.28%) Service Delivery
10 150 (8.70%) SOA
11 141 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
11 141 (8.17%) TOGAF
12 139 (8.06%) Problem-Solving
13 131 (7.59%) Configuration Management
14 125 (7.25%) Continuous Improvement
14 125 (7.25%) IT Strategy
15 124 (7.19%) Disaster Recovery
15 124 (7.19%) Scrum
16 122 (7.07%) Mentoring
17 121 (7.01%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 412 (23.88%) SQL
2 336 (19.48%) PowerShell
3 242 (14.03%) Python
4 241 (13.97%) Java
5 161 (9.33%) C#
6 139 (8.06%) Bash Shell
7 115 (6.67%) JavaScript
8 67 (3.88%) Ruby
9 66 (3.83%) Perl
10 42 (2.43%) Go
10 42 (2.43%) T-SQL
11 35 (2.03%) C++
11 35 (2.03%) PHP
12 34 (1.97%) C
13 28 (1.62%) Scala
14 21 (1.22%) Shell Script
15 20 (1.16%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 19 (1.10%) Java 8
17 18 (1.04%) R
18 13 (0.75%) Delphi
Qualifications
1 230 (13.33%) Degree
2 107 (6.20%) Microsoft Certification
3 68 (3.94%) MCSE
4 63 (3.65%) AWS Certification
4 63 (3.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 60 (3.48%) CISSP
6 54 (3.13%) Cisco Certification
7 37 (2.14%) CEH
7 37 (2.14%) Master's Degree
8 33 (1.91%) Security Cleared
9 30 (1.74%) MCSA
10 29 (1.68%) CISM
10 29 (1.68%) SC Cleared
11 27 (1.57%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 23 (1.33%) TOGAF Certification
13 22 (1.28%) SANS
14 21 (1.22%) CCNA
15 20 (1.16%) CCNP
16 19 (1.10%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 19 (1.10%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (3.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 44 (2.55%) QA
3 43 (2.49%) GDPR
4 39 (2.26%) SLA
5 17 (0.99%) COBIT
5 17 (0.99%) PMO
6 16 (0.93%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.75%) GPG13
8 11 (0.64%) Cyber Essentials
9 9 (0.52%) Data Quality
10 8 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 6 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 6 (0.35%) PA-DSS
12 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.058%) Government Security Classifications
13 1 (0.058%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.058%) SAS 70
System Software
1 354 (20.52%) Active Directory
2 263 (15.25%) Docker
3 252 (14.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 216 (12.52%) Hyper-V
5 53 (3.07%) Virtual Machines
6 40 (2.32%) VMware ESXi
7 34 (1.97%) XenApp
8 27 (1.57%) vSphere
9 24 (1.39%) Virtual Desktop
10 17 (0.99%) XenDesktop
11 12 (0.70%) VMware NSX
12 11 (0.64%) Oracle RAC
12 11 (0.64%) Xen
13 10 (0.58%) NFS
14 6 (0.35%) GPFS
14 6 (0.35%) SRDF
14 6 (0.35%) Terminal Server
14 6 (0.35%) vCloud
14 6 (0.35%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 6 (0.35%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 228 (13.22%) Puppet
2 213 (12.35%) Ansible
3 197 (11.42%) Kubernetes
4 189 (10.96%) Opscode Chef
5 117 (6.78%) Terraform
6 92 (5.33%) SCCM
7 50 (2.90%) SCOM
8 48 (2.78%) SCVMM
9 37 (2.14%) Single Sign-On
10 30 (1.74%) Microsoft Intune
11 27 (1.57%) CFEngine
12 23 (1.33%) Kibana
12 23 (1.33%) Microsoft Clustering
12 23 (1.33%) Packer
13 21 (1.22%) Grafana
14 20 (1.16%) SCOrch
15 18 (1.04%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 16 (0.93%) EMC NetWorker
17 15 (0.87%) AirWatch
17 15 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 785 (45.51%) Microsoft
2 356 (20.64%) VMware
3 216 (12.52%) Oracle
4 215 (12.46%) Google
5 140 (8.12%) Cisco
6 116 (6.72%) Citrix
7 71 (4.12%) SAP
8 65 (3.77%) NetApp
9 62 (3.59%) IBM
10 58 (3.36%) EMC
11 57 (3.30%) Red Hat
12 43 (2.49%) Atlassian
13 40 (2.32%) Veeam
14 39 (2.26%) CheckPoint
15 36 (2.09%) HP
16 34 (1.97%) Symantec
17 32 (1.86%) Dell
18 31 (1.80%) Splunk
19 30 (1.74%) SolarWinds
20 27 (1.57%) Rackspace