Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 197 206 262
Rank change year-on-year +9 +56 +31
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 2,029 1,138 1,931
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 1.65% 1.34%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.20% 4.50% 4.43%
Number of salaries quoted 1,530 809 1,516
10th Percentile £43,750 £43,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £69,625 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.15% +3.85% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £95,125 £93,750 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £65,000 £57,750
% change year-on-year -7.69% +12.55% +5.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 48,323 25,290 43,619
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.80% 36.65% 30.29%
Number of salaries quoted 34,785 20,893 35,814
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.15%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Salary trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1,800 £67,500 - 374
UK excluding London +3 936 £60,000 -7.69% 205
London +7 847 £75,000 +3.45% 177
Work from Home -28 502 £70,000 +7.69% 75
South East -11 320 £65,000 -3.70% 45
North of England -13 276 £60,000 -4.60% 65
North West -12 164 £60,000 -11.11% 33
Midlands -38 138 £60,000 +9.09% 46
South West -48 100 £52,250 -41.94% 23
West Midlands -38 94 £70,000 +27.27% 30
Yorkshire -49 83 £60,000 +4.35% 22
East of England +1 57 £55,000 - 17
East Midlands -22 44 £58,750 +11.90% 16
Scotland -64 30 £55,500 -14.62% 5
North East -2 29 £61,250 +22.50% 10
Wales -23 17 £40,000 -38.46% 4

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,561 (76.93%) PaaS
2 1,500 (73.93%) Azure
3 948 (46.72%) DevOps
4 893 (44.01%) SaaS
5 834 (41.10%) AWS
6 810 (39.92%) Microsoft
7 635 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
8 559 (27.55%) Active Directory
9 553 (27.25%) PowerShell
10 552 (27.21%) Windows
11 501 (24.69%) Kubernetes
12 486 (23.95%) Terraform
13 411 (20.26%) Linux
14 409 (20.16%) Docker
15 386 (19.02%) Social Skills
16 381 (18.78%) Python
17 380 (18.73%) SQL
18 359 (17.69%) Ansible
19 351 (17.30%) Infrastructure as Code
20 350 (17.25%) Microsoft 365
21 347 (17.10%) Public Cloud
22 334 (16.46%) Migration
23 318 (15.67%) Azure Active Directory
24 300 (14.79%) VMware
25 297 (14.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 295 (14.54%) GCP
27 290 (14.29%) Finance
28 283 (13.95%) Windows Server
29 263 (12.96%) Microservices
30 255 (12.57%) Firewall

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (6.01%) SharePoint
2 78 (3.84%) IIS
3 58 (2.86%) Cloud Foundry
4 53 (2.61%) MS Exchange
5 47 (2.32%) Confluence
5 47 (2.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 27 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (1.03%) Apache Spark
8 19 (0.94%) Apache
9 16 (0.79%) NServiceBus
10 15 (0.74%) nginx
11 13 (0.64%) CMS
11 13 (0.64%) Skype for Business
11 13 (0.64%) Umbraco
12 12 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
12 12 (0.59%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (0.54%) WordPress
14 10 (0.49%) Apache Solr
14 10 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 58 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.25%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 31 (1.53%) Sentinel
2 29 (1.43%) Oracle ERP
3 20 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
4 13 (0.64%) Oracle Applications
5 12 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
5 12 (0.59%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 8 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
7 6 (0.30%) Oracle 11i
7 6 (0.30%) Sage 200
8 5 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
9 3 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
9 3 (0.15%) Lorenzo
9 3 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
10 2 (0.099%) Distributed Ledger
10 2 (0.099%) Dynamics GP
10 2 (0.099%) Maximo
10 2 (0.099%) Oracle CRM
10 2 (0.099%) Oracle Financials
10 2 (0.099%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 1 (0.049%) Infor SunSystems
Cloud Services
1 1,561 (76.93%) PaaS
2 1,500 (73.93%) Azure
3 893 (44.01%) SaaS
4 834 (41.10%) AWS
5 350 (17.25%) Microsoft 365
6 318 (15.67%) Azure Active Directory
7 295 (14.54%) GCP
8 187 (9.22%) Serverless
9 150 (7.39%) AWS CloudFormation
10 124 (6.11%) Cloud Computing
11 117 (5.77%) Power Platform
12 85 (4.19%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 83 (4.09%) GitHub
14 70 (3.45%) Azure Storage
15 63 (3.10%) AWS Lambda
15 63 (3.10%) OneDrive
16 59 (2.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 57 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
18 52 (2.56%) Amazon ECS
19 49 (2.41%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 255 (12.57%) Firewall
2 173 (8.53%) DNS
3 148 (7.29%) VPN
4 114 (5.62%) WAN
5 109 (5.37%) Network Security
6 99 (4.88%) SAN
7 98 (4.83%) LAN
8 92 (4.53%) DHCP
9 87 (4.29%) TCP/IP
10 54 (2.66%) Internet
11 50 (2.46%) VLAN
12 45 (2.22%) HTTP
13 33 (1.63%) SSL
14 31 (1.53%) MPLS
15 29 (1.43%) Skype
16 28 (1.38%) Wi-Fi
17 24 (1.18%) VoIP
18 23 (1.13%) IPsec
19 19 (0.94%) SD-WAN
20 17 (0.84%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 244 (12.03%) SQL Server
2 134 (6.60%) Big Data
3 104 (5.13%) Azure SQL Database
4 95 (4.68%) NoSQL
5 63 (3.10%) Power BI
6 57 (2.81%) MySQL
7 56 (2.76%) PostgreSQL
8 54 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
9 52 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
10 43 (2.12%) Relational Database
11 42 (2.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 37 (1.82%) MongoDB
13 36 (1.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 35 (1.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 30 (1.48%) Tableau
16 21 (1.03%) Essbase
16 21 (1.03%) Hadoop
16 21 (1.03%) Oracle BI EE
16 21 (1.03%) Redis
17 19 (0.94%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 211 (10.40%) Jenkins
2 193 (9.51%) Git (software)
3 88 (4.34%) JIRA
4 66 (3.25%) Octopus Deploy
5 60 (2.96%) GitLab
6 59 (2.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 57 (2.81%) Bitbucket
8 53 (2.61%) TeamCity
9 45 (2.22%) Maven
10 32 (1.58%) Visual Studio
11 30 (1.48%) Gradle
12 25 (1.23%) Team Foundation Server
13 23 (1.13%) Visual Studio Team System
14 13 (0.64%) gulp
15 12 (0.59%) Subversion
15 12 (0.59%) Vagrant
16 9 (0.44%) CircleCI
17 8 (0.39%) webpack
18 5 (0.25%) Jasmine
18 5 (0.25%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 386 (19.02%) Social Skills
2 290 (14.29%) Finance
3 129 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
4 119 (5.86%) Presentation Skills
5 91 (4.48%) Public Sector
6 60 (2.96%) Legal
7 55 (2.71%) Organisational Skills
8 46 (2.27%) Banking
9 41 (2.02%) Law
10 40 (1.97%) Local Government
11 38 (1.87%) Retail
12 31 (1.53%) Marketing
13 29 (1.43%) Documentation Skills
14 27 (1.33%) Back Office
15 24 (1.18%) Games
15 24 (1.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 24 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
16 21 (1.03%) Billing
17 14 (0.69%) Telecoms
18 12 (0.59%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 620 (30.56%) Architect
2 275 (13.55%) Cloud Engineer
3 274 (13.50%) Azure Engineer
4 243 (11.98%) Cloud Architect
5 231 (11.38%) Solutions Architect
6 217 (10.69%) DevOps Engineer
7 179 (8.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 171 (8.43%) Consultant
9 169 (8.33%) Azure Architect
10 112 (5.52%) Developer
11 94 (4.63%) AWS Engineer
12 77 (3.79%) Platform Engineer
13 75 (3.70%) Azure Consultant
13 75 (3.70%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
14 74 (3.65%) Senior Architect
15 69 (3.40%) AWS DevOps
15 69 (3.40%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 68 (3.35%) Cloud Solutions Architect
17 65 (3.20%) Cloud Consultant
18 64 (3.15%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 230 (11.34%) .NET
2 145 (7.15%) .NET Core
3 134 (6.60%) Web Services
4 112 (5.52%) React
5 90 (4.44%) AngularJS
6 78 (3.84%) CSS
7 69 (3.40%) JSON
7 69 (3.40%) Node.js
8 63 (3.10%) Kafka
8 63 (3.10%) REST
9 48 (2.37%) .NET Framework
10 46 (2.27%) HTML
10 46 (2.27%) Ruby on Rails
11 45 (2.22%) RESTful
11 45 (2.22%) Spring
12 43 (2.12%) Elastic Stack
13 42 (2.07%) SOAP
14 38 (1.87%) RabbitMQ
15 37 (1.82%) Angular 2
16 35 (1.72%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 347 (17.10%) Public Cloud
2 237 (11.68%) Data Centre
3 198 (9.76%) Cloud Native
4 185 (9.12%) Hybrid Cloud
5 85 (4.19%) Private Cloud
6 71 (3.50%) User Experience
7 61 (3.01%) Virtual Team
8 55 (2.71%) Management Information System
9 47 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
10 46 (2.27%) Blog
11 40 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
12 38 (1.87%) Legacy Systems
13 37 (1.82%) Clustering
14 33 (1.63%) Replication
15 30 (1.48%) Greenfield Project
16 28 (1.38%) CMDB
17 24 (1.18%) PKI
18 21 (1.03%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
19 20 (0.99%) Robotics
20 16 (0.79%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 552 (27.21%) Windows
2 411 (20.26%) Linux
3 283 (13.95%) Windows Server
4 114 (5.62%) Unix
5 79 (3.89%) Windows Server 2019
6 68 (3.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (2.81%) Windows Server 2016
8 51 (2.51%) Windows Server 2012
9 43 (2.12%) Windows 10
10 38 (1.87%) VMS
11 19 (0.94%) SUSE
11 19 (0.94%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (0.74%) Apple iOS
13 11 (0.54%) Data ONTAP
14 10 (0.49%) Android
14 10 (0.49%) CentOS
15 8 (0.39%) Ubuntu
16 7 (0.34%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
17 6 (0.30%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 948 (46.72%) DevOps
2 635 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
3 351 (17.30%) Infrastructure as Code
4 334 (16.46%) Migration
5 297 (14.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 263 (12.96%) Microservices
7 238 (11.73%) Presales
8 199 (9.81%) Mentoring
9 183 (9.02%) ITIL
10 179 (8.82%) Analytics
11 168 (8.28%) Configuration Management
12 148 (7.29%) Disaster Recovery
13 131 (6.46%) Scrum
14 130 (6.41%) Problem-Solving
15 126 (6.21%) Software Engineering
16 116 (5.72%) Business Intelligence
17 114 (5.62%) Project Delivery
18 113 (5.57%) Information Security
19 110 (5.42%) Cybersecurity
20 105 (5.17%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 553 (27.25%) PowerShell
2 381 (18.78%) Python
3 380 (18.73%) SQL
4 193 (9.51%) Bash Shell
5 187 (9.22%) Java
6 161 (7.93%) JavaScript
7 145 (7.15%) C#
8 97 (4.78%) Ruby
9 85 (4.19%) Perl
10 66 (3.25%) Go
11 44 (2.17%) PHP
12 40 (1.97%) C++
13 39 (1.92%) T-SQL
14 35 (1.72%) ES6
15 34 (1.68%) TypeScript
16 33 (1.63%) Shell Script
17 27 (1.33%) C
18 22 (1.08%) VB
19 19 (0.94%) Java 8
20 15 (0.74%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 224 (11.04%) Security Cleared
2 190 (9.36%) SC Cleared
3 164 (8.08%) Degree
4 80 (3.94%) Microsoft Certification
5 47 (2.32%) Oracle Certification
6 46 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
7 45 (2.22%) Cisco Certification
8 40 (1.97%) CCNA
8 40 (1.97%) MCSE
9 32 (1.58%) CISSP
10 28 (1.38%) AWS Certification
11 24 (1.18%) CISM
12 22 (1.08%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 21 (1.03%) CISA
14 20 (0.99%) OCP
15 18 (0.89%) MCSA
16 14 (0.69%) Master's Degree
17 10 (0.49%) PMI Certification
18 8 (0.39%) VCP6
19 6 (0.30%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (2.91%) SLA
2 56 (2.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 47 (2.32%) QA
4 24 (1.18%) Data Quality
5 22 (1.08%) GDPR
6 21 (1.03%) NIST
7 16 (0.79%) PMO
8 15 (0.74%) Accessibility
9 11 (0.54%) Cyber Essentials
10 10 (0.49%) SOC 2
11 8 (0.39%) COBIT
12 7 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 6 (0.30%) GRC
14 5 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 4 (0.20%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 4 (0.20%) HIPAA
15 4 (0.20%) ITGC
16 3 (0.15%) PCI DSS
17 2 (0.099%) NCSC
17 2 (0.099%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 559 (27.55%) Active Directory
2 409 (20.16%) Docker
3 221 (10.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 125 (6.16%) Hyper-V
5 107 (5.27%) Virtual Machines
6 61 (3.01%) vSphere
7 35 (1.72%) Virtual Desktop
8 20 (0.99%) VMware NSX
9 17 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
10 16 (0.79%) KVM
11 9 (0.44%) DFS Replication
12 8 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.39%) Terminal Services
12 8 (0.39%) XenApp
13 6 (0.30%) vCloud
13 6 (0.30%) Xen
13 6 (0.30%) XenDesktop
14 4 (0.20%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 4 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 501 (24.69%) Kubernetes
2 486 (23.95%) Terraform
3 359 (17.69%) Ansible
4 179 (8.82%) Puppet
5 150 (7.39%) Opscode Chef
6 147 (7.24%) SCCM
7 93 (4.58%) Microsoft Intune
8 73 (3.60%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 65 (3.20%) SCOM
10 48 (2.37%) CFEngine
10 48 (2.37%) Prometheus
11 44 (2.17%) Single Sign-On
12 35 (1.72%) Grafana
13 25 (1.23%) Packer
14 24 (1.18%) vCenter Server
15 21 (1.03%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
16 19 (0.94%) Nagios
17 18 (0.89%) vRealize
18 17 (0.84%) Consul
19 16 (0.79%) Opsview
Vendors
1 810 (39.92%) Microsoft
2 300 (14.79%) VMware
3 185 (9.12%) Oracle
4 166 (8.18%) Google
5 139 (6.85%) Cisco
6 85 (4.19%) Citrix
7 60 (2.96%) IBM
8 58 (2.86%) NetApp
9 57 (2.81%) Splunk
10 53 (2.61%) Veeam
11 46 (2.27%) Dell
12 44 (2.17%) ServiceNow
13 43 (2.12%) Red Hat
14 40 (1.97%) EMC
15 38 (1.87%) SAP
16 37 (1.82%) CommVault
16 37 (1.82%) Palo Alto
17 34 (1.68%) Aruba
18 31 (1.53%) HP
18 31 (1.53%) Salesforce.com