Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 208 176 266
Rank change year-on-year -32 +90 +50
Permanent jobs citing IaaS 2,084 975 1,716
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 2.00% 1.26%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.83% 4.93% 3.92%
Number of salaries quoted 1,598 773 1,405
10th Percentile £43,000 £43,300 £40,550
25th Percentile £51,525 £53,750 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - -
75th Percentile £87,500 £81,250 £78,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £65,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -7.69% +13.04% -2.13%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 54,465 19,778 43,784
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.33% 40.47% 32.05%
Number of salaries quoted 37,995 16,815 36,107
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £39,123
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing IaaS.

Salary trend for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing IaaS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for IaaS in the UK

IaaS
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 1,863 £70,000 +7.69% 378
UK excluding London -22 1,069 £60,000 -7.69% 234
London -60 804 £80,000 +10.34% 159
Work from Home -72 476 £70,000 +11.11% 81
South East -88 345 £67,500 +3.85% 71
North of England -1 324 £55,000 -18.52% 74
North West -9 201 £53,500 -23.57% 47
Midlands +3 184 £60,000 -0.41% 33
West Midlands -14 125 £65,000 - 24
Yorkshire -27 100 £57,500 +15.00% 18
South West -58 99 £47,500 -34.48% 18
East Midlands -29 59 £55,000 +10.00% 9
East of England -63 59 £56,250 +23.63% 17
Scotland -64 39 £70,000 +7.69% 15
North East -22 24 £55,000 +10.00% 9
Wales -38 21 £47,500 - 6

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for IaaS.

1 1,574 (75.53%) Azure
2 1,569 (75.29%) PaaS
3 940 (45.11%) SaaS
4 939 (45.06%) DevOps
5 893 (42.85%) Microsoft
6 843 (40.45%) AWS
7 584 (28.02%) Agile Software Development
8 552 (26.49%) Windows
9 513 (24.62%) PowerShell
10 503 (24.14%) Active Directory
11 478 (22.94%) Terraform
12 459 (22.02%) Social Skills
13 430 (20.63%) Kubernetes
14 405 (19.43%) SQL
15 382 (18.33%) Linux
16 377 (18.09%) Python
17 367 (17.61%) Migration
18 366 (17.56%) Public Cloud
18 366 (17.56%) Infrastructure as Code
19 360 (17.27%) Microsoft 365
20 350 (16.79%) Docker
21 305 (14.64%) VMware
22 295 (14.16%) Finance
23 294 (14.11%) GCP
24 288 (13.82%) Ansible
25 281 (13.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 275 (13.20%) Firewall
27 274 (13.15%) Presales
28 261 (12.52%) Windows Server
29 251 (12.04%) Azure Active Directory

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (5.90%) SharePoint
2 89 (4.27%) IIS
3 44 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
4 35 (1.68%) Confluence
4 35 (1.68%) MS Exchange
5 31 (1.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 28 (1.34%) Apache Spark
7 21 (1.01%) Apache
8 19 (0.91%) CMS
8 19 (0.91%) Elasticsearch
8 19 (0.91%) Sitecore CMS
9 18 (0.86%) Umbraco
10 17 (0.82%) WordPress
11 11 (0.53%) Skype for Business
12 10 (0.48%) Apache Pig
12 10 (0.48%) OpenStack
13 9 (0.43%) nginx
14 8 (0.38%) Apache Solr
15 7 (0.34%) Drupal
15 7 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 68 (3.26%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.24%) Figma
2 5 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.096%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 30 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (1.39%) Sentinel
3 22 (1.06%) Oracle ERP
4 11 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
4 11 (0.53%) Sage 200
5 9 (0.43%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 7 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
7 6 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
10 3 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.096%) Maximo
11 2 (0.096%) Oracle 11i
11 2 (0.096%) Oracle CRM
11 2 (0.096%) Oracle Financials
11 2 (0.096%) SAP MDG
12 1 (0.048%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 1,574 (75.53%) Azure
2 1,569 (75.29%) PaaS
3 940 (45.11%) SaaS
4 843 (40.45%) AWS
5 360 (17.27%) Microsoft 365
6 294 (14.11%) GCP
7 251 (12.04%) Azure Active Directory
8 154 (7.39%) Serverless
9 140 (6.72%) AWS CloudFormation
10 101 (4.85%) GitHub
11 100 (4.80%) Cloud Computing
12 88 (4.22%) Power Platform
13 76 (3.65%) Azure Storage
14 61 (2.93%) Azure Key Vault
15 58 (2.78%) OneDrive
16 57 (2.74%) Azure Service Bus
17 55 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
18 52 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
19 50 (2.40%) Azure App Service
20 49 (2.35%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 275 (13.20%) Firewall
2 191 (9.17%) DNS
3 152 (7.29%) VPN
4 136 (6.53%) Network Security
5 132 (6.33%) WAN
6 119 (5.71%) LAN
7 100 (4.80%) DHCP
8 87 (4.17%) SAN
9 66 (3.17%) TCP/IP
10 54 (2.59%) VLAN
11 44 (2.11%) Wi-Fi
12 41 (1.97%) MPLS
13 37 (1.78%) SSL
14 36 (1.73%) HTTP
15 32 (1.54%) IPsec
16 30 (1.44%) Remote Desktop
16 30 (1.44%) VoIP
17 27 (1.30%) Internet
18 26 (1.25%) SD-WAN
19 18 (0.86%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 250 (12.00%) SQL Server
2 165 (7.92%) Big Data
3 96 (4.61%) Azure SQL Database
4 86 (4.13%) NoSQL
5 69 (3.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 65 (3.12%) MySQL
7 63 (3.02%) Power BI
8 58 (2.78%) PostgreSQL
9 54 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (2.45%) Relational Database
11 44 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
12 38 (1.82%) MongoDB
13 33 (1.58%) RDBMS
13 33 (1.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 33 (1.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 28 (1.34%) Tableau
15 27 (1.30%) Hadoop
16 24 (1.15%) Data Lake
17 20 (0.96%) Redis
18 19 (0.91%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 204 (9.79%) Jenkins
2 170 (8.16%) Git (software)
3 72 (3.45%) GitLab
3 72 (3.45%) JIRA
4 67 (3.21%) Octopus Deploy
5 58 (2.78%) TeamCity
6 57 (2.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 50 (2.40%) Visual Studio Team System
8 45 (2.16%) Bitbucket
9 30 (1.44%) Maven
10 27 (1.30%) Team Foundation Server
11 24 (1.15%) Visual Studio
12 17 (0.82%) CircleCI
13 16 (0.77%) Gradle
14 13 (0.62%) Vagrant
15 11 (0.53%) Subversion
16 10 (0.48%) SonarQube
17 8 (0.38%) Cucumber
18 7 (0.34%) gulp
19 5 (0.24%) Appium
General
1 459 (22.02%) Social Skills
2 295 (14.16%) Finance
3 136 (6.53%) Analytical Skills
4 98 (4.70%) Presentation Skills
5 91 (4.37%) Public Sector
6 63 (3.02%) Organisational Skills
7 59 (2.83%) Legal
8 47 (2.26%) Law
9 44 (2.11%) Banking
10 43 (2.06%) Marketing
11 36 (1.73%) Retail
12 34 (1.63%) Games
13 30 (1.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 26 (1.25%) Local Government
15 25 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
16 23 (1.10%) Documentation Skills
17 21 (1.01%) Back Office
18 20 (0.96%) Advertising
19 19 (0.91%) Manufacturing
20 18 (0.86%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 624 (29.94%) Architect
2 256 (12.28%) Cloud Engineer
2 256 (12.28%) Solutions Architect
3 233 (11.18%) Azure Engineer
4 230 (11.04%) Cloud Architect
5 201 (9.64%) DevOps Engineer
6 172 (8.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 159 (7.63%) Azure Architect
8 134 (6.43%) Consultant
9 95 (4.56%) Developer
10 91 (4.37%) Cloud Solutions Architect
11 78 (3.74%) Platform Engineer
12 72 (3.45%) AWS Engineer
13 70 (3.36%) Senior Architect
14 62 (2.98%) Azure Consultant
14 62 (2.98%) Infrastructure Architect
15 60 (2.88%) Lead Architect
16 59 (2.83%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
16 59 (2.83%) Cloud Consultant
17 58 (2.78%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (8.83%) .NET
2 155 (7.44%) ARM Templates
3 92 (4.41%) Web Services
4 89 (4.27%) .NET Core
5 73 (3.50%) React
6 69 (3.31%) JSON
7 68 (3.26%) AngularJS
7 68 (3.26%) Kafka
8 64 (3.07%) Node.js
9 53 (2.54%) CSS
10 47 (2.26%) RESTful
11 44 (2.11%) HTML
12 39 (1.87%) Middleware
13 36 (1.73%) LDAP
14 34 (1.63%) SOAP
15 33 (1.58%) REST
15 33 (1.58%) YAML
16 32 (1.54%) Spring
17 31 (1.49%) RabbitMQ
17 31 (1.49%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 366 (17.56%) Public Cloud
2 224 (10.75%) Data Centre
3 203 (9.74%) Hybrid Cloud
4 170 (8.16%) Cloud Native
5 105 (5.04%) Private Cloud
6 89 (4.27%) User Experience
7 81 (3.89%) Management Information System
8 64 (3.07%) Virtual Team
9 59 (2.83%) Self-Motivation
10 54 (2.59%) Replication
11 51 (2.45%) Clustering
12 40 (1.92%) CMDB
13 33 (1.58%) Mobile App
14 32 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
15 30 (1.44%) Cyberthreat
15 30 (1.44%) PKI
16 27 (1.30%) Greenfield Project
17 26 (1.25%) Blog
18 25 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
19 23 (1.10%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 552 (26.49%) Windows
2 382 (18.33%) Linux
3 261 (12.52%) Windows Server
4 124 (5.95%) Unix
5 70 (3.36%) Windows 10
6 49 (2.35%) VMS
7 48 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 48 (2.30%) Windows Server 2019
8 43 (2.06%) Windows Server 2012
9 39 (1.87%) Windows Server 2016
10 38 (1.82%) Apple iOS
11 32 (1.54%) Android
12 14 (0.67%) CentOS
13 12 (0.58%) SUSE
14 11 (0.53%) Data ONTAP
15 8 (0.38%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.34%) Mac OS
16 7 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
17 6 (0.29%) Ubuntu
17 6 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 939 (45.06%) DevOps
2 584 (28.02%) Agile Software Development
3 367 (17.61%) Migration
4 366 (17.56%) Infrastructure as Code
5 281 (13.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 274 (13.15%) Presales
7 216 (10.36%) Microservices
8 191 (9.17%) ITIL
9 189 (9.07%) Analytics
10 185 (8.88%) Problem-Solving
11 174 (8.35%) Mentoring
12 171 (8.21%) Disaster Recovery
13 153 (7.34%) Cybersecurity
14 147 (7.05%) Configuration Management
15 133 (6.38%) Information Security
16 131 (6.29%) Software Engineering
17 126 (6.05%) Project Management
18 122 (5.85%) Stakeholder Management
19 121 (5.81%) Scrum
20 111 (5.33%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 513 (24.62%) PowerShell
2 405 (19.43%) SQL
3 377 (18.09%) Python
4 204 (9.79%) Bash Shell
5 158 (7.58%) Java
6 134 (6.43%) C#
7 132 (6.33%) JavaScript
8 77 (3.69%) Perl
9 71 (3.41%) Ruby
10 70 (3.36%) T-SQL
11 51 (2.45%) Go
12 48 (2.30%) PHP
13 39 (1.87%) C
14 38 (1.82%) C++
15 22 (1.06%) TypeScript
16 21 (1.01%) Shell Script
17 20 (0.96%) VB
18 19 (0.91%) ES6
19 18 (0.86%) Scala
20 16 (0.77%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 183 (8.78%) Degree
2 174 (8.35%) Security Cleared
3 142 (6.81%) Microsoft Certification
4 137 (6.57%) SC Cleared
5 47 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 46 (2.21%) MCSE
7 39 (1.87%) Cisco Certification
8 36 (1.73%) CCNA
9 33 (1.58%) AWS Certification
10 30 (1.44%) MCSA
10 30 (1.44%) Oracle Certification
11 21 (1.01%) CISSP
12 19 (0.91%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 18 (0.86%) ITIL Certification
14 15 (0.72%) Master's Degree
15 12 (0.58%) OCP
16 10 (0.48%) CISM
16 10 (0.48%) MCTS
17 8 (0.38%) CCNP
17 8 (0.38%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (4.03%) SLA
2 58 (2.78%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 42 (2.02%) QA
4 31 (1.49%) GDPR
4 31 (1.49%) NIST
5 23 (1.10%) Cyber Essentials
6 22 (1.06%) Data Quality
7 19 (0.91%) PMO
8 16 (0.77%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.58%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 9 (0.43%) Accessibility
11 7 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 7 (0.34%) SOC 2
12 5 (0.24%) HIPAA
12 5 (0.24%) ISO 22301
12 5 (0.24%) NCSC
13 4 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.14%) ITGC
15 2 (0.096%) COBIT
15 2 (0.096%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 503 (24.14%) Active Directory
2 350 (16.79%) Docker
3 225 (10.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (5.76%) Hyper-V
5 78 (3.74%) Virtual Machines
6 56 (2.69%) vSphere
7 41 (1.97%) Virtual Desktop
8 18 (0.86%) VMware NSX
9 13 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (0.58%) XenApp
11 11 (0.53%) Microsoft App-V
12 8 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.38%) VMware Workstation
13 6 (0.29%) BitLocker
13 6 (0.29%) DFS Replication
13 6 (0.29%) Firmware
13 6 (0.29%) vCloud
14 5 (0.24%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 4 (0.19%) Xen
Systems Management
1 478 (22.94%) Terraform
2 430 (20.63%) Kubernetes
3 288 (13.82%) Ansible
4 163 (7.82%) Puppet
5 148 (7.10%) Opscode Chef
6 130 (6.24%) SCCM
7 85 (4.08%) Microsoft Intune
8 41 (1.97%) Single Sign-On
9 37 (1.78%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 37 (1.78%) CFEngine
10 30 (1.44%) Prometheus
10 30 (1.44%) SCOM
11 28 (1.34%) Grafana
12 14 (0.67%) FortiGate
12 14 (0.67%) vRealize
13 13 (0.62%) Oozie
13 13 (0.62%) SCVMM
13 13 (0.62%) WSUS
14 12 (0.58%) Packer
14 12 (0.58%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 893 (42.85%) Microsoft
2 305 (14.64%) VMware
3 175 (8.40%) Cisco
3 175 (8.40%) Oracle
4 145 (6.96%) Google
5 76 (3.65%) Citrix
6 73 (3.50%) Dell
7 72 (3.45%) IBM
8 66 (3.17%) Aruba
9 62 (2.98%) NetApp
10 58 (2.78%) Veeam
11 51 (2.45%) EMC
12 46 (2.21%) HP
13 39 (1.87%) Palo Alto
14 36 (1.73%) Red Hat
15 34 (1.63%) MuleSoft
15 34 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
15 34 (1.63%) SAP
16 31 (1.49%) CommVault
16 31 (1.49%) Sitecore