Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 191 147 204
Rank change year-on-year -44 +57 +11
Contract jobs citing IaaS 579 532 206
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.46% 1.92% 1.17%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.85% 4.94% 3.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 416 365 122
10th Percentile £425 £413 £360
25th Percentile £500 £463 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £525 £531
Median % change year-on-year +12.38% -1.18% -3.41%
75th Percentile £675 £638 £625
90th Percentile £750 £731 £711
England median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 1
10th Percentile - £57.80 -
25th Percentile £73.15 £59.00 £12.25
Median hourly rate £74.50 £62.00 £12.50
Median % change year-on-year +20.15% +396.00% -75.96%
75th Percentile £75.84 £64.00 £12.75
90th Percentile - £64.60 -
England median hourly rate £75.00 £60.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% +380.00% -84.85%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 15,031 10,774 6,023
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.94% 38.92% 34.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,261 7,849 4,534
10th Percentile £400 £369 £350
25th Percentile £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £530 £525
Median % change year-on-year +8.49% +0.95% -
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £775 £700 £713
England median daily rate £550 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 51 34
10th Percentile £19.97 £14.75 £13.60
25th Percentile £26.25 £21.25 £20.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £32.85 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +29.38% +31.40% +16.28%
75th Percentile £67.97 £51.63 £47.94
90th Percentile £82.75 £65.00 £61.18
England median hourly rate £21.00 £21.05 £20.00
% change year-on-year -0.24% +5.25% -4.76%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -7 81 £590 +6.31% 27
West London -2 13 £580 +11.00% 10
East London -5 5 £760 +63.44% 4
South London -12 4 £385 +13.24% 1
North London -2 1 £550 -
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 451 (77.89%) PaaS
2 382 (65.98%) Azure
3 262 (45.25%) SaaS
4 252 (43.52%) DevOps
5 223 (38.51%) CI/CD
6 213 (36.79%) Microsoft
7 201 (34.72%) Agile
8 178 (30.74%) Terraform
9 162 (27.98%) Finance
10 156 (26.94%) AWS
11 130 (22.45%) Migration
12 129 (22.28%) Infrastructure as Code
13 121 (20.90%) Azure DevOps
13 121 (20.90%) PowerShell
14 118 (20.38%) Kubernetes
15 112 (19.34%) Windows
16 109 (18.83%) Social Skills
17 105 (18.13%) Microservices
18 91 (15.72%) Docker
19 90 (15.54%) Firewall
20 87 (15.03%) Linux
20 87 (15.03%) SQL
21 85 (14.68%) Jenkins
22 74 (12.78%) Java
22 74 (12.78%) Banking
23 70 (12.09%) VMware
23 70 (12.09%) GCP
24 69 (11.92%) Public Cloud
25 68 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
25 68 (11.74%) Serverless

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (5.53%) Cloud Foundry
1 32 (5.53%) SharePoint
2 30 (5.18%) Confluence
3 18 (3.11%) IIS
3 18 (3.11%) WebSphere
4 17 (2.94%) OpenStack
5 11 (1.90%) Apache
6 9 (1.55%) Apache Spark
7 8 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 6 (1.04%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.86%) nginx
9 5 (0.86%) WebSphere Application Server
10 4 (0.69%) NServiceBus
10 4 (0.69%) WildFly
11 3 (0.52%) MS Exchange
11 3 (0.52%) Traefik
12 2 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.35%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.35%) JBoss
12 2 (0.35%) Jupyter
Applications
1 10 (1.73%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.38%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.21%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.69%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.52%) Bloomberg AIM
4 3 (0.52%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.52%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.35%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.35%) Shopify
6 1 (0.17%) assyst
6 1 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 451 (77.89%) PaaS
2 382 (65.98%) Azure
3 262 (45.25%) SaaS
4 156 (26.94%) AWS
5 121 (20.90%) Azure DevOps
6 70 (12.09%) GCP
7 68 (11.74%) Serverless
8 63 (10.88%) GitHub
9 56 (9.67%) Azure Active Directory
10 53 (9.15%) Microsoft 365
11 49 (8.46%) Power Platform
12 33 (5.70%) Azure AKS
13 31 (5.35%) Azure Logic Apps
14 29 (5.01%) AWS CloudFormation
15 27 (4.66%) Azure Monitor
15 27 (4.66%) PowerApps
16 25 (4.32%) Azure Functions
17 24 (4.15%) Cloud Computing
17 24 (4.15%) Dynamics 365
18 20 (3.45%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 90 (15.54%) Firewall
2 29 (5.01%) VPN
3 26 (4.49%) DNS
3 26 (4.49%) SSL
4 19 (3.28%) IPsec
4 19 (3.28%) WAN
5 18 (3.11%) Network Security
6 17 (2.94%) SAN
7 16 (2.76%) IKE
8 11 (1.90%) LAN
8 11 (1.90%) TCP/IP
9 9 (1.55%) DHCP
9 9 (1.55%) Internet
9 9 (1.55%) SD-WAN
10 8 (1.38%) HTTP
10 8 (1.38%) Kerberos
11 7 (1.21%) Intrusion Detection
11 7 (1.21%) MPLS
11 7 (1.21%) NAS
11 7 (1.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (7.08%) SQL Server
2 26 (4.49%) NoSQL
3 24 (4.15%) MongoDB
4 21 (3.63%) Power BI
5 19 (3.28%) Relational Database
6 15 (2.59%) RDBMS
7 14 (2.42%) Data Lake
8 13 (2.25%) Azure SQL Database
8 13 (2.25%) Oracle Database
9 11 (1.90%) Big Data
9 11 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (1.73%) MySQL
10 10 (1.73%) Redis
11 8 (1.38%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (1.21%) Amazon Redshift
12 7 (1.21%) Spotfire
13 6 (1.04%) Amazon Athena
13 6 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
13 6 (1.04%) Hadoop
14 5 (0.86%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 85 (14.68%) Jenkins
2 65 (11.23%) Git (software)
3 47 (8.12%) JIRA
4 29 (5.01%) TeamCity
5 27 (4.66%) SonarQube
6 26 (4.49%) Maven
7 23 (3.97%) Gradle
8 20 (3.45%) GitLab
9 18 (3.11%) Sonatype Nexus
10 11 (1.90%) Selenium
11 10 (1.73%) Cucumber
12 8 (1.38%) Bitbucket
12 8 (1.38%) MSI
13 7 (1.21%) Subversion
13 7 (1.21%) Visual Studio Team System
14 6 (1.04%) Chocolatey
14 6 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
15 5 (0.86%) Artifactory
15 5 (0.86%) Bitbucket Server
15 5 (0.86%) webpack
General
1 162 (27.98%) Finance
2 109 (18.83%) Social Skills
3 74 (12.78%) Banking
4 68 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
5 34 (5.87%) Public Sector
6 23 (3.97%) Telecoms
7 18 (3.11%) Influencing Skills
7 18 (3.11%) Marketing
8 13 (2.25%) Legal
9 12 (2.07%) Games
10 11 (1.90%) Electronics
10 11 (1.90%) Manufacturing
11 10 (1.73%) Billing
11 10 (1.73%) Financial Institution
11 10 (1.73%) Front Office
12 9 (1.55%) Retail
13 8 (1.38%) Back Office
14 6 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (1.04%) Presentation Skills
15 5 (0.86%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 204 (35.23%) Architect
2 93 (16.06%) Azure Engineer
3 72 (12.44%) Solutions Architect
4 62 (10.71%) DevOps Engineer
5 52 (8.98%) Cloud Engineer
6 50 (8.64%) Cloud Architect
7 48 (8.29%) Developer
8 43 (7.43%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 41 (7.08%) Azure Architect
10 35 (6.04%) Security Architect
11 34 (5.87%) AWS Architect
12 33 (5.70%) Infrastructure Architect
13 31 (5.35%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 21 (3.63%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
15 20 (3.45%) GCP Architect
16 18 (3.11%) Analyst
17 17 (2.94%) Consultant
18 16 (2.76%) Security Engineer
18 16 (2.76%) Technical Architect
19 15 (2.59%) Senior Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (11.40%) .NET
2 41 (7.08%) Middleware
2 41 (7.08%) REST
3 37 (6.39%) JSON
4 34 (5.87%) CSS
5 30 (5.18%) ARM Templates
6 27 (4.66%) AngularJS
7 26 (4.49%) Node.js
8 25 (4.32%) HTML
9 22 (3.80%) SOAP
10 21 (3.63%) React
11 20 (3.45%) OAuth
12 19 (3.28%) .NET Core
12 19 (3.28%) jQuery
13 18 (3.11%) Kafka
13 18 (3.11%) XML
14 17 (2.94%) OAuth2
15 14 (2.42%) Ajax
15 14 (2.42%) Spring
16 13 (2.25%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 69 (11.92%) Public Cloud
2 48 (8.29%) Hybrid Cloud
3 35 (6.04%) Private Cloud
4 33 (5.70%) Data Centre
5 26 (4.49%) Cloud Native
6 22 (3.80%) PKI
7 19 (3.28%) User Experience
8 16 (2.76%) Mobile App
9 15 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
9 15 (2.59%) Management Information System
10 14 (2.42%) Data Protection Act
11 12 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
12 11 (1.90%) Clustering
12 11 (1.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 9 (1.55%) Client/Server
13 9 (1.55%) Replication
14 8 (1.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 8 (1.38%) Legacy Applications
14 8 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
15 7 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 112 (19.34%) Windows
2 87 (15.03%) Linux
3 48 (8.29%) Windows Server
4 45 (7.77%) Unix
5 10 (1.73%) VMS
6 8 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
6 8 (1.38%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (1.21%) Solaris
8 6 (1.04%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.86%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (0.69%) Windows 10
11 3 (0.52%) Android
11 3 (0.52%) HPUX
11 3 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.35%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.35%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.17%) CentOS
13 1 (0.17%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.17%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 252 (43.52%) DevOps
2 223 (38.51%) CI/CD
3 201 (34.72%) Agile
4 130 (22.45%) Migration
5 129 (22.28%) Infrastructure as Code
6 105 (18.13%) Microservices
7 68 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
8 64 (11.05%) Scrum
9 62 (10.71%) Problem-Solving
10 59 (10.19%) Cybersecurity
11 46 (7.94%) Analytics
11 46 (7.94%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 43 (7.43%) Continuous Delivery
12 43 (7.43%) Information Security
12 43 (7.43%) Waterfall
13 42 (7.25%) Project Delivery
14 37 (6.39%) Application Security
14 37 (6.39%) Business Intelligence
15 36 (6.22%) Risk Management
15 36 (6.22%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 121 (20.90%) PowerShell
2 87 (15.03%) SQL
3 74 (12.78%) Java
4 66 (11.40%) JavaScript
5 65 (11.23%) Python
6 63 (10.88%) C#
7 41 (7.08%) Bash
8 13 (2.25%) PL/SQL
9 11 (1.90%) Perl
10 9 (1.55%) Kotlin
11 7 (1.21%) Ruby
11 7 (1.21%) Shell Script
11 7 (1.21%) TypeScript
12 6 (1.04%) Go
13 5 (0.86%) PHP
14 4 (0.69%) C
15 3 (0.52%) ES6
15 3 (0.52%) T-SQL
16 2 (0.35%) Groovy
16 2 (0.35%) R
Qualifications
1 41 (7.08%) Degree
1 41 (7.08%) Security Cleared
2 29 (5.01%) SC Cleared
3 25 (4.32%) CISSP
4 20 (3.45%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (2.94%) Microsoft Certification
6 13 (2.25%) GIAC
6 13 (2.25%) MCSE
7 12 (2.07%) CCSK
8 11 (1.90%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 11 (1.90%) CISA
8 11 (1.90%) CRISC
8 11 (1.90%) SANS
9 10 (1.73%) CISM
9 10 (1.73%) DV Cleared
9 10 (1.73%) FFIEC
10 9 (1.55%) CEH
11 8 (1.38%) AWS Certification
12 6 (1.04%) CCIE
13 5 (0.86%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (4.49%) GDPR
2 25 (4.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 23 (3.97%) NIST
4 20 (3.45%) QA
5 14 (2.42%) NIST 800
6 11 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 11 (1.90%) NCSC
7 10 (1.73%) SLA
8 9 (1.55%) Data Quality
9 7 (1.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.17%) Accessibility
10 1 (0.17%) COBIT
10 1 (0.17%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.17%) GRC
10 1 (0.17%) HITRUST
10 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 91 (15.72%) Docker
2 65 (11.23%) Active Directory
3 40 (6.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (5.18%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (2.94%) VMware Workstation
6 16 (2.76%) vCloud
7 10 (1.73%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (1.55%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.69%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.52%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.35%) NFS
11 2 (0.35%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.35%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.35%) vSphere
11 2 (0.35%) XenApp
11 2 (0.35%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.17%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.17%) Veritas File System
12 1 (0.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 1 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 178 (30.74%) Terraform
2 118 (20.38%) Kubernetes
3 46 (7.94%) Ansible
4 24 (4.15%) Microsoft Intune
5 19 (3.28%) SCCM
6 18 (3.11%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (2.42%) Puppet
8 9 (1.55%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (1.21%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 7 (1.21%) Netcool
10 6 (1.04%) Control-M
10 6 (1.04%) QRadar
10 6 (1.04%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 5 (0.86%) EMC NetWorker
11 5 (0.86%) PowerCLI
11 5 (0.86%) Tivoli
11 5 (0.86%) Tivoli Storage Manager
11 5 (0.86%) vCenter Server
12 4 (0.69%) Nessus
13 3 (0.52%) CASB
Vendors
1 213 (36.79%) Microsoft
2 70 (12.09%) VMware
3 61 (10.54%) Oracle
4 37 (6.39%) Google
5 31 (5.35%) Databricks
6 30 (5.18%) IBM
7 27 (4.66%) Splunk
8 25 (4.32%) Citrix
9 22 (3.80%) ServiceNow
10 20 (3.45%) F5
11 18 (3.11%) CA
11 18 (3.11%) Cisco
11 18 (3.11%) SAP
12 13 (2.25%) HP
13 12 (2.07%) EMC
14 11 (1.90%) Palo Alto
15 9 (1.55%) Red Hat
16 8 (1.38%) Fortinet
16 8 (1.38%) New Relic
17 7 (1.21%) ForgeRock