Period
to 15 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 15 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
15 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 159 200 214
Rank change year-on-year +41 +14 +46
Contract jobs citing IaaS 407 250 550
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.70% 1.22% 1.36%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.46% 3.57% 4.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 265 144 391
10th Percentile £400 £375 £410
25th Percentile £450 £425 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £550 £538
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.33% -2.27%
75th Percentile £619 £625 £650
90th Percentile £720 £700 £713
England median daily rate £513 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -2.38% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
Median hourly rate £62.00 £12.50 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year +396.00% -75.96% -5.45%
England median hourly rate £60.00 £29.75 £82.50
% change year-on-year +101.68% -63.94% +50.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,125 7,002 12,503
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.22% 34.08% 30.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,721 5,242 9,150
10th Percentile £363 £325 £350
25th Percentile £431 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £606
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 47 68
10th Percentile £14.85 £14.20 £12.93
25th Percentile £21.25 £19.35 £17.97
Median hourly rate £44.50 £25.00 £21.25
Median % change year-on-year +78.00% +17.65% -15.00%
75th Percentile £65.00 £48.31 £34.53
90th Percentile £68.00 £63.30 £60.88
England median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £18.88
% change year-on-year +5.25% +5.96% -0.66%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 15 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +20 44 £560 -2.61% 33
South London +40 5 £340 -22.29% 2
West London +19 3 £496 +12.73% 9
East London +13 2 £465 -14.09% 6
North London - 1 - - 1
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 15 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 288 (70.76%) PaaS
2 253 (62.16%) Azure
3 180 (44.23%) DevOps
4 137 (33.66%) AWS
5 133 (32.68%) Agile Software Development
6 112 (27.52%) SaaS
7 105 (25.80%) Microsoft
8 99 (24.32%) Terraform
9 98 (24.08%) Finance
10 92 (22.60%) Windows
10 92 (22.60%) Linux
11 86 (21.13%) Kubernetes
12 83 (20.39%) Social Skills
13 78 (19.16%) PowerShell
14 76 (18.67%) GCP
15 75 (18.43%) Python
16 72 (17.69%) Docker
17 70 (17.20%) Ansible
18 66 (16.22%) Java
19 64 (15.72%) Git (software)
20 63 (15.48%) SQL
20 63 (15.48%) Public Cloud
21 60 (14.74%) Active Directory
22 58 (14.25%) .NET
22 58 (14.25%) Migration
23 57 (14.00%) VMware
24 53 (13.02%) Google
24 53 (13.02%) Infrastructure as Code
25 52 (12.78%) Microservices
26 51 (12.53%) Jenkins

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.37%) SharePoint
2 20 (4.91%) Confluence
3 9 (2.21%) Cloud Foundry
3 9 (2.21%) Tomcat
4 7 (1.72%) MS Exchange
4 7 (1.72%) WebSphere
5 6 (1.47%) Apache
5 6 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (1.47%) OpenStack
6 4 (0.98%) Apache Spark
6 4 (0.98%) IIS
6 4 (0.98%) WebSphere Application Server
7 3 (0.74%) JBoss
7 3 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 3 (0.74%) Red Hat Fuse
8 2 (0.49%) Drupal
8 2 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2010
8 2 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2013
8 2 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
8 2 (0.49%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 11 (2.70%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.47%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.98%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.47%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.49%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.25%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 288 (70.76%) PaaS
2 253 (62.16%) Azure
3 137 (33.66%) AWS
4 112 (27.52%) SaaS
5 76 (18.67%) GCP
6 51 (12.53%) Microsoft 365
7 45 (11.06%) Serverless
8 30 (7.37%) Azure Active Directory
8 30 (7.37%) GitHub
9 19 (4.67%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 18 (4.42%) Azure Functions
10 18 (4.42%) Cloud Computing
11 17 (4.18%) OpenShift
12 15 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
12 15 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
13 11 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (2.70%) Azure Data Factory
13 11 (2.70%) Boomi
13 11 (2.70%) Yammer
14 10 (2.46%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (11.06%) Firewall
2 28 (6.88%) WAN
3 21 (5.16%) DNS
4 18 (4.42%) SAN
4 18 (4.42%) VPN
5 16 (3.93%) NAS
6 15 (3.69%) Internet
6 15 (3.69%) LAN
6 15 (3.69%) TCP/IP
7 12 (2.95%) HTTP
8 11 (2.70%) Network Security
9 10 (2.46%) Wireless
10 9 (2.21%) DMZ
11 8 (1.97%) Cisco Nexus
11 8 (1.97%) DHCP
11 8 (1.97%) Fibre Channel
12 7 (1.72%) FTP
12 7 (1.72%) iSCSI
13 6 (1.47%) Intranet
13 6 (1.47%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (9.83%) SQL Server
2 26 (6.39%) NoSQL
3 21 (5.16%) Azure SQL Database
3 21 (5.16%) MongoDB
4 17 (4.18%) Big Data
4 17 (4.18%) Hadoop
5 15 (3.69%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (3.19%) BigQuery
6 13 (3.19%) Relational Database
7 8 (1.97%) DB2
7 8 (1.97%) Looker
8 7 (1.72%) Data Lake
9 5 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (0.98%) Apache Hive
10 4 (0.98%) HBase
10 4 (0.98%) MySQL
11 3 (0.74%) Amazon Athena
11 3 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (0.74%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 64 (15.72%) Git (software)
2 51 (12.53%) Jenkins
3 28 (6.88%) JIRA
4 20 (4.91%) Maven
5 15 (3.69%) Bitbucket
5 15 (3.69%) Sonatype Nexus
6 13 (3.19%) GitLab
6 13 (3.19%) Subversion
7 12 (2.95%) Gradle
8 9 (2.21%) Cucumber
8 9 (2.21%) webpack
9 8 (1.97%) gulp
9 8 (1.97%) SonarQube
9 8 (1.97%) TeamCity
10 7 (1.72%) Selenium
11 6 (1.47%) Visual Studio
12 5 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
13 4 (0.98%) CircleCI
14 3 (0.74%) Vagrant
General
1 98 (24.08%) Finance
2 83 (20.39%) Social Skills
3 39 (9.58%) Public Sector
4 32 (7.86%) Banking
5 30 (7.37%) Manufacturing
6 28 (6.88%) Telecoms
7 27 (6.63%) Marketing
8 24 (5.90%) Electronics
9 22 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
10 14 (3.44%) Influencing Skills
11 9 (2.21%) Presentation Skills
12 6 (1.47%) Documentation Skills
13 4 (0.98%) Billing
13 4 (0.98%) Law
13 4 (0.98%) Legal
13 4 (0.98%) Retail
14 3 (0.74%) International Banking
14 3 (0.74%) Investment Banking
14 3 (0.74%) Organisational Skills
15 2 (0.49%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 121 (29.73%) Architect
2 56 (13.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 54 (13.27%) Developer
4 49 (12.04%) Azure Engineer
5 33 (8.11%) Azure Architect
5 33 (8.11%) Cloud Architect
6 30 (7.37%) Solutions Architect
7 28 (6.88%) Cloud Engineer
8 23 (5.65%) .NET Developer
9 21 (5.16%) Consultant
10 20 (4.91%) AWS Architect
11 18 (4.42%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 17 (4.18%) Security Architect
13 16 (3.93%) C# Developer
14 15 (3.69%) AWS Engineer
14 15 (3.69%) Azure Developer
14 15 (3.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 14 (3.44%) Azure DevOps
16 13 (3.19%) AWS DevOps
16 13 (3.19%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (14.25%) .NET
2 39 (9.58%) JSON
3 36 (8.85%) REST
4 28 (6.88%) AngularJS
5 27 (6.63%) Web Services
6 26 (6.39%) Node.js
7 24 (5.90%) .NET Core
8 21 (5.16%) Spring
9 20 (4.91%) CSS
9 20 (4.91%) HTML
10 17 (4.18%) YAML
11 15 (3.69%) OAuth
12 13 (3.19%) Vue.js
12 13 (3.19%) XML
13 12 (2.95%) Spring Boot
14 11 (2.70%) Ember.js
14 11 (2.70%) LDAP
14 11 (2.70%) Microsoft Graph
14 11 (2.70%) Ruby on Rails
15 10 (2.46%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 63 (15.48%) Public Cloud
2 49 (12.04%) Cloud Native
3 44 (10.81%) Data Centre
4 28 (6.88%) Hybrid Cloud
5 22 (5.41%) Management Information System
6 21 (5.16%) Private Cloud
7 17 (4.18%) Self-Motivation
8 15 (3.69%) Replication
9 12 (2.95%) AS400
10 10 (2.46%) CMDB
10 10 (2.46%) Data Structures
11 9 (2.21%) Clustering
12 6 (1.47%) Cybercrime
12 6 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
12 6 (1.47%) PKI
13 5 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (1.23%) Internet of Things
13 5 (1.23%) iSeries
13 5 (1.23%) Mobile App
13 5 (1.23%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 92 (22.60%) Linux
1 92 (22.60%) Windows
2 28 (6.88%) Unix
3 26 (6.39%) Windows Server
4 20 (4.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (3.44%) Windows Server 2016
6 13 (3.19%) Solaris
7 11 (2.70%) Windows Server 2008
8 10 (2.46%) Windows Server 2019
9 9 (2.21%) VMS
10 8 (1.97%) Mac OS X
10 8 (1.97%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (1.72%) Apple iOS
11 7 (1.72%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.74%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.74%) Debian
12 3 (0.74%) Windows 2000
12 3 (0.74%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (0.49%) SUSE
13 2 (0.49%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 180 (44.23%) DevOps
2 133 (32.68%) Agile Software Development
3 58 (14.25%) Migration
4 53 (13.02%) Infrastructure as Code
5 52 (12.78%) Microservices
6 44 (10.81%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 43 (10.57%) Configuration Management
8 39 (9.58%) Business Intelligence
8 39 (9.58%) Software Engineering
9 35 (8.60%) Test Automation
10 31 (7.62%) Continuous Integration
10 31 (7.62%) Information Security
11 29 (7.13%) Scrum
12 28 (6.88%) TDD
13 27 (6.63%) Programme Management
14 26 (6.39%) Digital Marketing
14 26 (6.39%) Waterfall
15 25 (6.14%) High Availability
16 24 (5.90%) Disaster Recovery
17 23 (5.65%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 78 (19.16%) PowerShell
2 75 (18.43%) Python
3 66 (16.22%) Java
4 63 (15.48%) SQL
5 39 (9.58%) JavaScript
6 37 (9.09%) Bash Shell
6 37 (9.09%) C#
7 21 (5.16%) Ruby
8 14 (3.44%) Go
9 10 (2.46%) Perl
9 10 (2.46%) TypeScript
10 9 (2.21%) C
11 8 (1.97%) C++
12 7 (1.72%) Java 8
13 5 (1.23%) Ada
14 4 (0.98%) Kotlin
14 4 (0.98%) PHP
15 3 (0.74%) Scala
15 3 (0.74%) Shell Script
16 2 (0.49%) VB
Qualifications
1 42 (10.32%) Security Cleared
2 41 (10.07%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.18%) Degree
4 12 (2.95%) CISSP
5 9 (2.21%) PMP
6 8 (1.97%) AWS Certification
6 8 (1.97%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (1.97%) CISM
6 8 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
7 6 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.47%) DV Cleared
8 5 (1.23%) FFIEC
9 4 (0.98%) CRISC
9 4 (0.98%) SANS
10 3 (0.74%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 3 (0.74%) CISA
10 3 (0.74%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.74%) RHCSA
10 3 (0.74%) Six Sigma Black Belt
10 3 (0.74%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (5.90%) QA
2 18 (4.42%) GDPR
3 12 (2.95%) NIST
4 11 (2.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (2.46%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 7 (1.72%) Data Quality
7 6 (1.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (1.23%) HIPAA
8 5 (1.23%) NIST 800
9 4 (0.98%) SLA
10 3 (0.74%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.49%) PMO
11 2 (0.49%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.25%) Basel III
12 1 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.25%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.25%) NCSC
System Software
1 72 (17.69%) Docker
2 60 (14.74%) Active Directory
3 45 (11.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (4.42%) vSphere
5 15 (3.69%) Hyper-V
6 13 (3.19%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (2.46%) Virtual Desktop
8 9 (2.21%) NFS
9 8 (1.97%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (1.72%) Xen
11 6 (1.47%) KVM
11 6 (1.47%) XenApp
12 5 (1.23%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (1.23%) PowerHA
13 4 (0.98%) Veritas File System
13 4 (0.98%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 4 (0.98%) XenDesktop
14 3 (0.74%) SRDF
14 3 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
15 2 (0.49%) OCFS2
Systems Management
1 99 (24.32%) Terraform
2 86 (21.13%) Kubernetes
3 70 (17.20%) Ansible
4 30 (7.37%) Puppet
5 27 (6.63%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (4.91%) Microsoft Intune
7 13 (3.19%) vRealize
8 12 (2.95%) Tivoli
8 12 (2.95%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 11 (2.70%) Prometheus
10 10 (2.46%) Packer
11 7 (1.72%) SCCM
12 6 (1.47%) MIIS
12 6 (1.47%) QRadar
12 6 (1.47%) Red Hat Satellite
12 6 (1.47%) ZABBIX
13 5 (1.23%) Control-M
13 5 (1.23%) Grafana
13 5 (1.23%) Netcool
13 5 (1.23%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 105 (25.80%) Microsoft
2 57 (14.00%) VMware
3 53 (13.02%) Google
4 43 (10.57%) Oracle
5 30 (7.37%) SAP
6 27 (6.63%) Red Hat
7 25 (6.14%) Cisco
7 25 (6.14%) IBM
8 18 (4.42%) Dell
9 17 (4.18%) EMC
10 15 (3.69%) Citrix
11 12 (2.95%) BMC
11 12 (2.95%) Splunk
12 11 (2.70%) CA
12 11 (2.70%) HP
13 10 (2.46%) New Relic
14 7 (1.72%) NetApp
15 6 (1.47%) F5
15 6 (1.47%) Palo Alto
15 6 (1.47%) SaltStack