Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 148 174 228
Rank change year-on-year +26 +54 +19
Contract jobs citing IaaS 676 201 426
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.92% 1.46% 1.15%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.01% 4.11% 3.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 486 148 276
10th Percentile £425 £361 £406
25th Percentile £485 £413 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £669 £603 £691
90th Percentile £750 £675 £738
England median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 1
10th Percentile £61.60 " "
25th Percentile £62.88 £75.00 £48.50
Median hourly rate £65.00 £80.00 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year -18.75% +53.85% -
75th Percentile £67.55 £85.00 £55.50
90th Percentile £69.08 " "
England median hourly rate £65.00 £14.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +364.29% -82.50% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,486 4,887 12,109
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.26% 35.43% 32.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,953 3,616 8,856
10th Percentile £381 £350 £325
25th Percentile £463 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.94%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £613
90th Percentile £725 £717 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 9 90
10th Percentile £13.38 £14.53 £14.00
25th Percentile £18.12 £20.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - +19.05% +5.00%
75th Percentile £51.00 £40.00 £25.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £59.00 £43.78
England median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -33 60 £550 +10.00% 48
South London +11 16 £440 +18.92% 4
West London -10 8 £509 +19.71% 13
North London +4 4 £400 -27.27% 3
East London - 3 £465 - 3
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 502 (74.26%) PaaS
2 416 (61.54%) Azure
3 308 (45.56%) DevOps
4 224 (33.14%) SaaS
5 220 (32.54%) AWS
6 182 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
7 174 (25.74%) Terraform
8 168 (24.85%) Microsoft
9 164 (24.26%) Kubernetes
10 152 (22.49%) Social Skills
11 146 (21.60%) Finance
12 135 (19.97%) Infrastructure as Code
13 127 (18.79%) PowerShell
14 123 (18.20%) Migration
14 123 (18.20%) Docker
15 119 (17.60%) Windows
16 113 (16.72%) Linux
17 112 (16.57%) Python
18 106 (15.68%) Microservices
19 104 (15.38%) Serverless
20 102 (15.09%) Ansible
20 102 (15.09%) VMware
21 91 (13.46%) SQL
22 89 (13.17%) Active Directory
23 88 (13.02%) Java
24 84 (12.43%) GCP
25 77 (11.39%) Cloud Native
26 72 (10.65%) Firewall
27 70 (10.36%) VMware Infrastructure
27 70 (10.36%) Infrastructure Engineering

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (5.03%) SharePoint
2 19 (2.81%) Confluence
3 15 (2.22%) IIS
3 15 (2.22%) Tomcat
4 14 (2.07%) Apache Spark
4 14 (2.07%) OpenStack
5 11 (1.63%) MS Exchange
6 10 (1.48%) Apache
7 9 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
7 9 (1.33%) JBoss
8 7 (1.04%) CMS
9 5 (0.74%) WebSphere
10 4 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2010
10 4 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.44%) Drupal
11 3 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
11 3 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.44%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.44%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.30%) SAS
Applications
1 20 (2.96%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.89%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.89%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.59%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.30%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.15%) Cerner Millennium
3 1 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.15%) Primavera
3 1 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.15%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 502 (74.26%) PaaS
2 416 (61.54%) Azure
3 224 (33.14%) SaaS
4 220 (32.54%) AWS
5 104 (15.38%) Serverless
6 84 (12.43%) GCP
7 69 (10.21%) Microsoft 365
8 61 (9.02%) GitHub
9 57 (8.43%) Azure Active Directory
10 52 (7.69%) Azure Functions
11 37 (5.47%) AWS CloudFormation
12 29 (4.29%) Cloud Computing
13 23 (3.40%) AWS Lambda
14 20 (2.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 19 (2.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 15 (2.22%) GitHub Actions
17 14 (2.07%) Amazon SQS
18 13 (1.92%) Amazon EC2
18 13 (1.92%) Azure Data Factory
18 13 (1.92%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 72 (10.65%) Firewall
2 29 (4.29%) TCP/IP
3 28 (4.14%) SSL
4 27 (3.99%) DNS
4 27 (3.99%) Network Security
5 26 (3.85%) VPN
5 26 (3.85%) WAN
6 25 (3.70%) SAN
7 20 (2.96%) Internet
8 19 (2.81%) HTTP
9 11 (1.63%) Kerberos
9 11 (1.63%) LAN
9 11 (1.63%) NAS
10 10 (1.48%) IKE
10 10 (1.48%) IPsec
10 10 (1.48%) Wireless
11 9 (1.33%) NetScaler
12 8 (1.18%) Intranet
12 8 (1.18%) Remote Desktop
13 6 (0.89%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (7.69%) SQL Server
2 45 (6.66%) Big Data
2 45 (6.66%) NoSQL
3 35 (5.18%) PostgreSQL
4 29 (4.29%) Data Lake
5 23 (3.40%) Relational Database
6 22 (3.25%) BigQuery
7 18 (2.66%) MongoDB
8 17 (2.51%) Azure SQL Database
8 17 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
9 15 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 14 (2.07%) Metadata
11 12 (1.78%) Hadoop
11 12 (1.78%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.63%) DB2
12 11 (1.63%) Looker
12 11 (1.63%) Tableau
13 10 (1.48%) Delta Lake
14 8 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
15 7 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 64 (9.47%) Jenkins
2 62 (9.17%) Git (software)
3 40 (5.92%) JIRA
4 27 (3.99%) Selenium
5 24 (3.55%) Gradle
5 24 (3.55%) TeamCity
6 23 (3.40%) Sonatype Nexus
7 22 (3.25%) Maven
8 21 (3.11%) Cucumber
9 20 (2.96%) Subversion
10 11 (1.63%) SonarQube
11 10 (1.48%) Bitbucket
11 10 (1.48%) Octopus Deploy
12 9 (1.33%) GitLab
13 8 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
14 7 (1.04%) fastlane
14 7 (1.04%) Flyway
15 6 (0.89%) Robot Framework
16 5 (0.74%) Cypress.io
17 4 (0.59%) TestNG
General
1 152 (22.49%) Social Skills
2 146 (21.60%) Finance
3 45 (6.66%) Analytical Skills
4 39 (5.77%) Telecoms
5 38 (5.62%) Public Sector
6 37 (5.47%) Banking
7 33 (4.88%) Marketing
8 27 (3.99%) Manufacturing
9 26 (3.85%) Electronics
10 12 (1.78%) Games
10 12 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
11 10 (1.48%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (1.33%) Law
13 8 (1.18%) Legal
13 8 (1.18%) Organisational Skills
14 7 (1.04%) Influencing Skills
14 7 (1.04%) Local Government
14 7 (1.04%) Retail
15 6 (0.89%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.59%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 219 (32.40%) Architect
2 103 (15.24%) Azure Engineer
3 94 (13.91%) DevOps Engineer
4 76 (11.24%) Developer
5 65 (9.62%) Azure Architect
6 53 (7.84%) Cloud Architect
6 53 (7.84%) Cloud Engineer
7 47 (6.95%) Solutions Architect
8 42 (6.21%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 35 (5.18%) Azure DevOps
10 33 (4.88%) Senior Architect
11 32 (4.73%) Security Architect
12 31 (4.59%) Consultant
13 29 (4.29%) AWS Engineer
14 27 (3.99%) Technical Architect
15 26 (3.85%) Security Engineer
16 22 (3.25%) AWS Architect
17 20 (2.96%) Data Architect
17 20 (2.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 17 (2.51%) Azure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (8.58%) .NET
2 48 (7.10%) Web Services
3 44 (6.51%) REST
4 38 (5.62%) Node.js
5 34 (5.03%) ARM Templates
6 31 (4.59%) JSON
7 28 (4.14%) .NET Core
8 25 (3.70%) Kafka
8 25 (3.70%) OAuth
9 23 (3.40%) AngularJS
10 19 (2.81%) YAML
11 18 (2.66%) SOAP
12 17 (2.51%) HTML
13 14 (2.07%) CSS
13 14 (2.07%) Spring
14 13 (1.92%) LDAP
14 13 (1.92%) Middleware
14 13 (1.92%) OpenID
14 13 (1.92%) SPIFFE
15 11 (1.63%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 77 (11.39%) Cloud Native
2 68 (10.06%) Public Cloud
3 61 (9.02%) Data Centre
4 41 (6.07%) Data Protection Act
5 40 (5.92%) Hybrid Cloud
6 28 (4.14%) Management Information System
7 22 (3.25%) Data Structures
8 20 (2.96%) Private Cloud
9 17 (2.51%) CMDB
9 17 (2.51%) PKI
9 17 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
10 15 (2.22%) Clustering
11 14 (2.07%) Enterprise Cloud
11 14 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (1.92%) Mobile App
13 11 (1.63%) User Experience
14 10 (1.48%) Replication
15 8 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (1.18%) Market Risk
16 5 (0.74%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 119 (17.60%) Windows
2 113 (16.72%) Linux
3 47 (6.95%) Windows Server
4 34 (5.03%) Unix
5 20 (2.96%) Windows Server 2019
6 19 (2.81%) Windows Server 2016
7 18 (2.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (2.51%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (1.48%) Windows 10
10 7 (1.04%) Solaris
11 6 (0.89%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.59%) Android
12 4 (0.59%) Apple iOS
12 4 (0.59%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.44%) AIX
13 3 (0.44%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.30%) CentOS
14 2 (0.30%) SUSE
15 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 308 (45.56%) DevOps
2 182 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
3 135 (19.97%) Infrastructure as Code
4 123 (18.20%) Migration
5 106 (15.68%) Microservices
6 70 (10.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 61 (9.02%) Data Protection
8 58 (8.58%) Configuration Management
8 58 (8.58%) Information Security
9 54 (7.99%) Business Intelligence
10 52 (7.69%) Analytics
11 50 (7.40%) Test Automation
12 49 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
12 49 (7.25%) Software Engineering
13 48 (7.10%) Cybersecurity
13 48 (7.10%) Security Architecture
14 42 (6.21%) Continuous Delivery
14 42 (6.21%) Open Source
15 37 (5.47%) Computer Science
15 37 (5.47%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 127 (18.79%) PowerShell
2 112 (16.57%) Python
3 91 (13.46%) SQL
4 88 (13.02%) Java
5 63 (9.32%) Bash Shell
6 59 (8.73%) C#
6 59 (8.73%) JavaScript
7 18 (2.66%) Ruby
8 16 (2.37%) Go
9 12 (1.78%) Shell Script
10 10 (1.48%) Perl
10 10 (1.48%) TypeScript
11 9 (1.33%) T-SQL
12 8 (1.18%) C
12 8 (1.18%) C++
12 8 (1.18%) Groovy
13 7 (1.04%) PHP
14 5 (0.74%) VB
15 4 (0.59%) PL/SQL
16 3 (0.44%) VBA
Qualifications
1 59 (8.73%) Security Cleared
2 56 (8.28%) SC Cleared
3 33 (4.88%) Degree
4 21 (3.11%) Cisco Certification
5 20 (2.96%) Microsoft Certification
6 18 (2.66%) CISSP
7 14 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (1.92%) MCSE
9 12 (1.78%) AWS Certification
10 10 (1.48%) FFIEC
11 8 (1.18%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 8 (1.18%) CISM
11 8 (1.18%) CRISC
11 8 (1.18%) SANS
11 8 (1.18%) TOGAF Certification
12 7 (1.04%) CCIE
12 7 (1.04%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.74%) CCNA
13 5 (0.74%) PMP
13 5 (0.74%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (5.47%) GDPR
2 27 (3.99%) NIST
3 25 (3.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (2.66%) QA
4 18 (2.66%) SLA
5 17 (2.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 14 (2.07%) NIST 800
7 11 (1.63%) Data Quality
7 11 (1.63%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 8 (1.18%) SOC 2
9 6 (0.89%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.74%) FedRAMP
10 5 (0.74%) PMO
11 2 (0.30%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.15%) Accessibility
12 1 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.15%) GRC
12 1 (0.15%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.15%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 123 (18.20%) Docker
2 89 (13.17%) Active Directory
3 70 (10.36%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (2.81%) Virtual Machines
4 19 (2.81%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (2.22%) Virtual Desktop
6 11 (1.63%) vCloud
7 10 (1.48%) VMware Workstation
8 8 (1.18%) NFS
8 8 (1.18%) VMware NSX
9 6 (0.89%) vSphere
10 5 (0.74%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.59%) Veritas File System
11 4 (0.59%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 4 (0.59%) XenApp
11 4 (0.59%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
12 2 (0.30%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
13 1 (0.15%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 174 (25.74%) Terraform
2 164 (24.26%) Kubernetes
3 102 (15.09%) Ansible
4 33 (4.88%) Puppet
5 22 (3.25%) Prometheus
6 21 (3.11%) Microsoft Intune
7 18 (2.66%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (2.66%) SCCM
8 13 (1.92%) MIIS
9 11 (1.63%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (1.33%) Netcool
10 9 (1.33%) QRadar
10 9 (1.33%) Single Sign-On
11 8 (1.18%) Control-M
11 8 (1.18%) EMC NetWorker
11 8 (1.18%) FortiGate
11 8 (1.18%) Tivoli
11 8 (1.18%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 7 (1.04%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 6 (0.89%) CASB
Vendors
1 168 (24.85%) Microsoft
2 102 (15.09%) VMware
3 59 (8.73%) Google
4 49 (7.25%) Oracle
5 36 (5.33%) Cisco
6 35 (5.18%) Databricks
7 34 (5.03%) SAP
8 33 (4.88%) Splunk
9 26 (3.85%) Citrix
10 25 (3.70%) ServiceNow
11 23 (3.40%) Red Hat
12 20 (2.96%) IBM
13 19 (2.81%) EMC
14 17 (2.51%) AppDynamics
15 14 (2.07%) Palo Alto
16 13 (1.92%) Salesforce.com
17 12 (1.78%) CA
17 12 (1.78%) HP
18 11 (1.63%) CyberArk
18 11 (1.63%) Qualys