Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 179 170 231
Rank change year-on-year -9 +61 -35
Contract jobs citing IaaS 594 264 337
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.60% 1.55% 1.11%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.13% 4.14% 3.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 409 185 212
10th Percentile £407 £355 £366
25th Percentile £485 £413 £445
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £602 £657
90th Percentile £750 £675 £725
England median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
10th Percentile £61.35 " "
25th Percentile £62.24 £75.00 £48.50
Median hourly rate £64.95 £80.00 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year -18.81% +53.85% -
75th Percentile £68.14 £85.00 £55.50
90th Percentile £69.32 " "
England median hourly rate £72.95 £14.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +421.07% -82.50% +40.97%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,375 6,378 10,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.81% 37.43% 34.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,674 4,748 7,585
10th Percentile £396 £326 £313
25th Percentile £475 £413 £424
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £613
90th Percentile £750 £688 £700
England median daily rate £535 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +9.74% -2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 102 24 75
10th Percentile £13.88 £20.30 £15.80
25th Percentile £20.02 £22.44 £18.70
Median hourly rate £25.00 £25.50 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.96% +18.60% +14.67%
75th Percentile £55.00 £57.19 £40.85
90th Percentile £69.59 £68.00 £78.75
England median hourly rate £20.90 £22.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +10.00% +14.29%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -42 52 £563 -2.17% 36
South London +10 22 £340 - 4
North London - 4 £400 - 1
West London -28 2 £475 +15.15% 18
East London - 1 - - 9
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 448 (75.42%) PaaS
2 387 (65.15%) Azure
3 266 (44.78%) DevOps
4 225 (37.88%) SaaS
5 206 (34.68%) Agile Software Development
6 197 (33.16%) Microsoft
7 187 (31.48%) AWS
8 179 (30.13%) Kubernetes
9 153 (25.76%) Infrastructure as Code
10 149 (25.08%) Docker
11 146 (24.58%) Finance
12 142 (23.91%) Terraform
13 130 (21.89%) Windows
14 127 (21.38%) Migration
15 124 (20.88%) Linux
16 112 (18.86%) Microservices
17 111 (18.69%) Social Skills
18 108 (18.18%) Java
18 108 (18.18%) PowerShell
19 96 (16.16%) Ansible
20 91 (15.32%) Public Cloud
21 88 (14.81%) Active Directory
22 85 (14.31%) Serverless
23 81 (13.64%) JavaScript
23 81 (13.64%) VMware
24 79 (13.30%) Firewall
24 79 (13.30%) SQL
25 73 (12.29%) Python
26 71 (11.95%) Jenkins
27 66 (11.11%) Git (software)

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (5.39%) IIS
2 24 (4.04%) OpenStack
3 21 (3.54%) Cloud Foundry
4 19 (3.20%) Confluence
5 16 (2.69%) Tomcat
6 15 (2.53%) Apache
6 15 (2.53%) Apache Spark
7 14 (2.36%) SharePoint
8 12 (2.02%) JBoss
9 9 (1.52%) MS Exchange
9 9 (1.52%) WebSphere
10 8 (1.35%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.84%) CMS
12 4 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
13 3 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2010
13 3 (0.51%) NServiceBus
13 3 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.51%) Sitecore CMS
14 2 (0.34%) Appian
14 2 (0.34%) SAS
Applications
1 9 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.18%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 6 (1.01%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.67%) Primavera
3 3 (0.51%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.51%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.17%) Cerner Millennium
5 1 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.17%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 448 (75.42%) PaaS
2 387 (65.15%) Azure
3 225 (37.88%) SaaS
4 187 (31.48%) AWS
5 85 (14.31%) Serverless
6 61 (10.27%) GCP
7 55 (9.26%) GitHub
8 53 (8.92%) AWS CloudFormation
9 50 (8.42%) Azure Functions
9 50 (8.42%) Microsoft 365
10 49 (8.25%) Azure Active Directory
11 24 (4.04%) Cloud Computing
12 19 (3.20%) Datadog
13 18 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
13 18 (3.03%) Amazon EKS
14 17 (2.86%) OpenShift
15 16 (2.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 16 (2.69%) Azure Logic Apps
15 16 (2.69%) NuGet
16 15 (2.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 79 (13.30%) Firewall
2 41 (6.90%) VPN
3 37 (6.23%) Network Security
4 31 (5.22%) SSL
5 26 (4.38%) DNS
5 26 (4.38%) IPsec
5 26 (4.38%) TCP/IP
6 20 (3.37%) IKE
7 19 (3.20%) Internet
8 18 (3.03%) HTTP
8 18 (3.03%) WAN
9 14 (2.36%) NetScaler
9 14 (2.36%) SAN
10 10 (1.68%) Wireless
11 9 (1.52%) BGP
11 9 (1.52%) Intranet
11 9 (1.52%) OSPF
12 7 (1.18%) iSCSI
12 7 (1.18%) Kerberos
12 7 (1.18%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (9.60%) SQL Server
2 34 (5.72%) PostgreSQL
3 28 (4.71%) NoSQL
4 23 (3.87%) Relational Database
5 22 (3.70%) Big Data
5 22 (3.70%) Data Lake
6 19 (3.20%) Azure SQL Database
7 15 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
7 15 (2.53%) MongoDB
8 14 (2.36%) BigQuery
9 12 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 11 (1.85%) DB2
10 11 (1.85%) Delta Lake
10 11 (1.85%) Tableau
11 10 (1.68%) Hadoop
11 10 (1.68%) MySQL
12 9 (1.52%) RDBMS
13 7 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
13 7 (1.18%) Amazon Redshift
13 7 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 71 (11.95%) Jenkins
2 66 (11.11%) Git (software)
3 48 (8.08%) TeamCity
4 43 (7.24%) Selenium
5 36 (6.06%) Maven
6 35 (5.89%) Cucumber
7 31 (5.22%) Sonatype Nexus
8 29 (4.88%) JIRA
9 28 (4.71%) Gradle
10 24 (4.04%) SonarQube
11 21 (3.54%) Subversion
12 17 (2.86%) GitLab
13 13 (2.19%) Bitbucket
14 12 (2.02%) Robot Framework
15 10 (1.68%) Artifactory
16 9 (1.52%) Octopus Deploy
16 9 (1.52%) Zephyr
17 7 (1.18%) webpack
18 5 (0.84%) TestNG
18 5 (0.84%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 146 (24.58%) Finance
2 111 (18.69%) Social Skills
3 55 (9.26%) Banking
4 50 (8.42%) Telecoms
5 46 (7.74%) Analytical Skills
6 45 (7.58%) Public Sector
7 32 (5.39%) Electronics
8 30 (5.05%) Manufacturing
9 29 (4.88%) Marketing
10 17 (2.86%) Presentation Skills
11 16 (2.69%) Games
12 14 (2.36%) Law
13 13 (2.19%) Legal
14 11 (1.85%) Front Office
15 9 (1.52%) Financial Institution
16 7 (1.18%) Back Office
16 7 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
16 7 (1.18%) Investment Banking
16 7 (1.18%) Local Government
16 7 (1.18%) Retail
Job Titles
1 191 (32.15%) Architect
2 81 (13.64%) Azure Engineer
3 74 (12.46%) DevOps Engineer
4 68 (11.45%) Developer
5 64 (10.77%) Solutions Architect
6 53 (8.92%) Cloud Engineer
7 49 (8.25%) Azure Architect
7 49 (8.25%) Cloud Architect
8 34 (5.72%) Security Architect
9 28 (4.71%) AWS Engineer
9 28 (4.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 28 (4.71%) Technical Architect
10 25 (4.21%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 24 (4.04%) Azure DevOps
11 24 (4.04%) Cloud Solutions Architect
11 24 (4.04%) Senior Architect
12 22 (3.70%) Consultant
13 20 (3.37%) Security Engineer
14 19 (3.20%) Lead Architect
15 17 (2.86%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (8.59%) .NET
2 39 (6.57%) REST
3 32 (5.39%) Node.js
3 32 (5.39%) OAuth
4 29 (4.88%) HTML
5 28 (4.71%) JSON
6 27 (4.55%) CSS
7 26 (4.38%) ARM Templates
8 24 (4.04%) Kafka
8 24 (4.04%) OAuth2
9 20 (3.37%) Middleware
10 17 (2.86%) React
10 17 (2.86%) Web Services
11 16 (2.69%) XML
12 14 (2.36%) SOAP
13 13 (2.19%) AngularJS
13 13 (2.19%) OpenID
13 13 (2.19%) RESTful
14 12 (2.02%) jQuery
14 12 (2.02%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 91 (15.32%) Public Cloud
2 41 (6.90%) Cloud Native
3 39 (6.57%) Data Centre
4 36 (6.06%) Private Cloud
5 33 (5.56%) Hybrid Cloud
6 26 (4.38%) Management Information System
6 26 (4.38%) PKI
7 25 (4.21%) Data Protection Act
8 17 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
9 14 (2.36%) User Experience
10 12 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
11 11 (1.85%) Clustering
12 10 (1.68%) Enterprise Cloud
13 9 (1.52%) Market Risk
14 8 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (1.35%) Virtual Team
15 7 (1.18%) Hedge funds
16 6 (1.01%) Client/Server
16 6 (1.01%) Data Structures
16 6 (1.01%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 130 (21.89%) Windows
2 124 (20.88%) Linux
3 65 (10.94%) Unix
4 48 (8.08%) Windows Server
5 30 (5.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (2.86%) Ubuntu
7 14 (2.36%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (2.19%) Windows Server 2019
9 10 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (1.52%) Mac OS X
10 9 (1.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (1.18%) CentOS
12 6 (1.01%) Amazon Linux
12 6 (1.01%) Debian
12 6 (1.01%) Oracle Linux
13 3 (0.51%) AIX
13 3 (0.51%) Solaris
13 3 (0.51%) VMS
13 3 (0.51%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (44.78%) DevOps
2 206 (34.68%) Agile Software Development
3 153 (25.76%) Infrastructure as Code
4 127 (21.38%) Migration
5 112 (18.86%) Microservices
6 61 (10.27%) Test Automation
7 59 (9.93%) Analytics
8 57 (9.60%) Open Source
8 57 (9.60%) Scrum
9 53 (8.92%) Business Intelligence
10 50 (8.42%) Infrastructure Automation
11 49 (8.25%) Configuration Management
11 49 (8.25%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 48 (8.08%) Continuous Integration
13 46 (7.74%) Kanban
14 45 (7.58%) Problem-Solving
15 40 (6.73%) Identity Access Management
16 39 (6.57%) Software Engineering
17 38 (6.40%) Continuous Delivery
17 38 (6.40%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 108 (18.18%) Java
1 108 (18.18%) PowerShell
2 81 (13.64%) JavaScript
3 79 (13.30%) SQL
4 73 (12.29%) Python
5 49 (8.25%) C#
6 38 (6.40%) Bash
7 17 (2.86%) Shell Script
8 13 (2.19%) Ruby
9 9 (1.52%) TypeScript
10 7 (1.18%) T-SQL
11 6 (1.01%) Ada
11 6 (1.01%) C++
12 5 (0.84%) ES6
12 5 (0.84%) Perl
12 5 (0.84%) PL/SQL
13 4 (0.67%) Bicep
13 4 (0.67%) Go
13 4 (0.67%) VBA
14 3 (0.51%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 54 (9.09%) Security Cleared
2 48 (8.08%) SC Cleared
3 41 (6.90%) Degree
4 21 (3.54%) Microsoft Certification
5 16 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (2.53%) MCSE
7 13 (2.19%) Cisco Certification
8 10 (1.68%) CISSP
9 9 (1.52%) CCIE
10 8 (1.35%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.84%) CISM
11 5 (0.84%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.67%) CCIE Security
12 4 (0.67%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.51%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 3 (0.51%) CREST Certified
13 3 (0.51%) FFIEC
13 3 (0.51%) GIAC
13 3 (0.51%) SANS
13 3 (0.51%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.21%) GDPR
2 20 (3.37%) SLA
3 14 (2.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (2.02%) NIST
5 11 (1.85%) QA
6 10 (1.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 7 (1.18%) NIST 800
8 5 (0.84%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.67%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.34%) Accessibility
11 2 (0.34%) FedRAMP
11 2 (0.34%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.17%) COBIT
12 1 (0.17%) GRC
12 1 (0.17%) NCSC
System Software
1 149 (25.08%) Docker
2 88 (14.81%) Active Directory
3 48 (8.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (3.37%) vCloud
4 20 (3.37%) VMware Workstation
5 15 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.85%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (1.18%) Virtual Desktop
8 6 (1.01%) Hyper-V
8 6 (1.01%) vSphere
9 5 (0.84%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.51%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.34%) NFS
12 1 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.17%) Terminal Server
12 1 (0.17%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 179 (30.13%) Kubernetes
2 142 (23.91%) Terraform
3 96 (16.16%) Ansible
4 36 (6.06%) Puppet
5 13 (2.19%) Netcool
6 12 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (1.68%) Docker Swarm
7 10 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (1.52%) SCCM
9 7 (1.18%) Microsoft Intune
9 7 (1.18%) Prometheus
10 6 (1.01%) HAProxy
11 5 (0.84%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 5 (0.84%) Tivoli
12 4 (0.67%) FortiGate
12 4 (0.67%) Grafana
12 4 (0.67%) PowerCLI
12 4 (0.67%) QRadar
12 4 (0.67%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 4 (0.67%) VxRail
Vendors
1 197 (33.16%) Microsoft
2 81 (13.64%) VMware
3 50 (8.42%) Databricks
3 50 (8.42%) Oracle
4 43 (7.24%) Google
4 43 (7.24%) Splunk
5 39 (6.57%) SAP
6 30 (5.05%) Cisco
7 29 (4.88%) AppDynamics
8 26 (4.38%) IBM
8 26 (4.38%) Red Hat
9 22 (3.70%) CA
10 17 (2.86%) New Relic
11 16 (2.69%) Citrix
12 13 (2.19%) ServiceNow
13 11 (1.85%) F5
14 9 (1.52%) Dell
14 9 (1.52%) Micro Focus
14 9 (1.52%) Palo Alto
15 8 (1.35%) EMC