Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 135 212 226
Rank change year-on-year +77 +14 +36
Contract jobs citing IaaS 597 186 504
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 2.00% 1.15% 1.24%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.28% 3.41% 3.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 414 111 344
10th Percentile £413 £350 £419
25th Percentile £463 £425 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £531 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +1.19% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £663
90th Percentile £738 £688 £725
England median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 1
Median hourly rate £61.50 £12.50 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year +392.00% -75.96% -5.45%
England median hourly rate £60.00 £12.50 £80.00
% change year-on-year +380.00% -84.38% +45.45%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,312 5,456 13,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 37.99% 33.61% 32.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,239 4,118 9,574
10th Percentile £375 £350 £350
25th Percentile £456 £431 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £625 £608
90th Percentile £713 £713 £684
England median daily rate £520 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 32 84
10th Percentile £14.40 £15.25 £13.61
25th Percentile £20.00 £21.00 £18.50
Median hourly rate £29.00 £26.47 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.56% +26.05% -6.67%
75th Percentile £59.88 £48.50 £27.69
90th Percentile £68.14 £61.23 £52.35
England median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in London.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in London

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +12 63 £563 +32.35% 44
West London +7 8 £523 +18.75% 8
South London +19 3 £340 -8.11% 6
East London +4 2 £465 -14.09% 10
IaaS
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 428 (71.69%) PaaS
2 366 (61.31%) Azure
3 267 (44.72%) DevOps
4 203 (34.00%) AWS
5 165 (27.64%) Agile Software Development
5 165 (27.64%) SaaS
6 160 (26.80%) Terraform
7 141 (23.62%) Microsoft
8 138 (23.12%) Social Skills
9 137 (22.95%) Finance
10 129 (21.61%) Kubernetes
11 126 (21.11%) Python
12 119 (19.93%) Linux
13 112 (18.76%) Windows
14 102 (17.09%) Infrastructure as Code
15 101 (16.92%) PowerShell
16 100 (16.75%) Docker
17 94 (15.75%) Ansible
17 94 (15.75%) Serverless
17 94 (15.75%) Migration
18 90 (15.08%) VMware
19 88 (14.74%) GCP
20 85 (14.24%) SQL
21 81 (13.57%) Java
22 79 (13.23%) Active Directory
22 79 (13.23%) Cloud Native
23 78 (13.07%) Git (software)
24 77 (12.90%) .NET
25 75 (12.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 72 (12.06%) Public Cloud

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (7.87%) SharePoint
2 26 (4.36%) Confluence
3 15 (2.51%) Tomcat
4 10 (1.68%) MS Exchange
5 8 (1.34%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.34%) JBoss
6 7 (1.17%) IIS
6 7 (1.17%) WebSphere
7 6 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (1.01%) CMS
7 6 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.84%) Apache
8 5 (0.84%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.50%) Drupal
10 3 (0.50%) Exchange Server 2010
10 3 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
10 3 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
10 3 (0.50%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 25 (4.19%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.84%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.84%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (1.17%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.34%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.17%) Primavera
3 1 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 428 (71.69%) PaaS
2 366 (61.31%) Azure
3 203 (34.00%) AWS
4 165 (27.64%) SaaS
5 94 (15.75%) Serverless
6 88 (14.74%) GCP
7 70 (11.73%) Microsoft 365
8 61 (10.22%) GitHub
9 49 (8.21%) Azure Active Directory
10 48 (8.04%) Azure Functions
11 26 (4.36%) AWS CloudFormation
12 25 (4.19%) AWS Lambda
13 24 (4.02%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 24 (4.02%) Cloud Computing
14 18 (3.02%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 16 (2.68%) Azure Data Factory
16 14 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
16 14 (2.35%) Amazon SQS
16 14 (2.35%) Azure Pipelines
17 12 (2.01%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 53 (8.88%) Firewall
2 28 (4.69%) SAN
2 28 (4.69%) WAN
3 23 (3.85%) TCP/IP
4 22 (3.69%) DNS
5 19 (3.18%) HTTP
6 18 (3.02%) Internet
6 18 (3.02%) VPN
7 17 (2.85%) NAS
8 16 (2.68%) Network Security
9 14 (2.35%) LAN
10 13 (2.18%) SSL
11 11 (1.84%) Wireless
12 10 (1.68%) Kerberos
13 8 (1.34%) iSCSI
13 8 (1.34%) Remote Desktop
14 7 (1.17%) Cisco Nexus
14 7 (1.17%) Fibre Channel
14 7 (1.17%) Multicast
14 7 (1.17%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.37%) SQL Server
2 42 (7.04%) Big Data
3 37 (6.20%) NoSQL
4 27 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (3.69%) Azure SQL Database
5 22 (3.69%) Data Lake
5 22 (3.69%) MongoDB
5 22 (3.69%) Relational Database
6 17 (2.85%) Hadoop
7 15 (2.51%) BigQuery
8 13 (2.18%) Metadata
9 10 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (1.68%) DB2
10 8 (1.34%) Looker
10 8 (1.34%) RDBMS
11 7 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 6 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
12 6 (1.01%) MySQL
13 5 (0.84%) SQL Server 2012
14 4 (0.67%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 78 (13.07%) Git (software)
2 60 (10.05%) Jenkins
3 43 (7.20%) JIRA
4 24 (4.02%) Sonatype Nexus
5 23 (3.85%) Maven
5 23 (3.85%) Subversion
6 20 (3.35%) Gradle
7 15 (2.51%) Bitbucket
7 15 (2.51%) TeamCity
8 10 (1.68%) Cucumber
8 10 (1.68%) Octopus Deploy
8 10 (1.68%) Selenium
9 9 (1.51%) GitLab
10 6 (1.01%) fastlane
10 6 (1.01%) Flyway
10 6 (1.01%) SonarQube
10 6 (1.01%) Visual Studio Team System
10 6 (1.01%) webpack
11 5 (0.84%) gulp
11 5 (0.84%) Serena SBM
General
1 138 (23.12%) Social Skills
2 137 (22.95%) Finance
3 53 (8.88%) Public Sector
4 46 (7.71%) Marketing
5 43 (7.20%) Manufacturing
6 42 (7.04%) Telecoms
7 38 (6.37%) Electronics
8 36 (6.03%) Banking
9 31 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
10 18 (3.02%) Influencing Skills
11 11 (1.84%) Presentation Skills
12 10 (1.68%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (1.17%) Law
13 7 (1.17%) Organisational Skills
14 5 (0.84%) Legal
15 4 (0.67%) Billing
16 3 (0.50%) Investment Banking
17 2 (0.34%) Advertising
17 2 (0.34%) International Banking
17 2 (0.34%) Retail
Job Titles
1 181 (30.32%) Architect
2 82 (13.74%) Azure Engineer
3 78 (13.07%) Developer
3 78 (13.07%) DevOps Engineer
4 61 (10.22%) Azure Architect
5 55 (9.21%) Cloud Architect
6 45 (7.54%) Solutions Architect
7 42 (7.04%) Cloud Engineer
8 34 (5.70%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 30 (5.03%) AWS Engineer
10 27 (4.52%) AWS Architect
11 26 (4.36%) .NET Developer
12 25 (4.19%) Consultant
12 25 (4.19%) Senior Architect
13 23 (3.85%) Azure DevOps
13 23 (3.85%) Security Architect
14 22 (3.69%) Project Manager
15 20 (3.35%) Security Engineer
16 19 (3.18%) AWS DevOps
17 18 (3.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (12.90%) .NET
2 43 (7.20%) Web Services
3 39 (6.53%) Node.js
4 38 (6.37%) REST
5 37 (6.20%) .NET Core
6 35 (5.86%) JSON
7 29 (4.86%) AngularJS
8 24 (4.02%) Kafka
9 21 (3.52%) Spring
10 18 (3.02%) OAuth
11 16 (2.68%) YAML
12 15 (2.51%) Ruby on Rails
12 15 (2.51%) SPIFFE
13 13 (2.18%) HTML
13 13 (2.18%) LDAP
13 13 (2.18%) Middleware
13 13 (2.18%) XML
14 12 (2.01%) CSS
14 12 (2.01%) Microsoft Graph
14 12 (2.01%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 79 (13.23%) Cloud Native
2 72 (12.06%) Public Cloud
3 56 (9.38%) Data Centre
4 32 (5.36%) Hybrid Cloud
5 30 (5.03%) Data Protection Act
5 30 (5.03%) Management Information System
6 22 (3.69%) Data Structures
7 21 (3.52%) CMDB
8 20 (3.35%) Replication
9 19 (3.18%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (2.68%) Private Cloud
11 14 (2.35%) Clustering
11 14 (2.35%) Mobile App
12 11 (1.84%) AS400
13 10 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (1.17%) Enterprise Cloud
14 7 (1.17%) PKI
15 6 (1.01%) Legacy Applications
15 6 (1.01%) User Experience
16 5 (0.84%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 119 (19.93%) Linux
2 112 (18.76%) Windows
3 38 (6.37%) Unix
4 33 (5.53%) Windows Server
5 26 (4.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (2.85%) Windows Server 2016
7 16 (2.68%) Windows Server 2019
8 15 (2.51%) Solaris
9 14 (2.35%) Windows Server 2012
10 13 (2.18%) Mac OS X
11 12 (2.01%) Windows 10
12 11 (1.84%) Apple iOS
13 9 (1.51%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (1.01%) Android
15 5 (0.84%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.67%) Ubuntu
16 4 (0.67%) Windows Server 2003
17 3 (0.50%) CentOS
17 3 (0.50%) SUSE
17 3 (0.50%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 267 (44.72%) DevOps
2 165 (27.64%) Agile Software Development
3 102 (17.09%) Infrastructure as Code
4 94 (15.75%) Migration
5 75 (12.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 69 (11.56%) Microservices
7 58 (9.72%) Information Security
8 57 (9.55%) Configuration Management
9 56 (9.38%) Business Intelligence
9 56 (9.38%) Software Engineering
10 45 (7.54%) Clean Code
10 45 (7.54%) Data Protection
11 43 (7.20%) Test Automation
12 42 (7.04%) Security Architecture
13 40 (6.70%) Digital Marketing
13 40 (6.70%) Problem-Solving
13 40 (6.70%) Programme Management
14 38 (6.37%) Continuous Integration
14 38 (6.37%) TDD
15 36 (6.03%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 126 (21.11%) Python
2 101 (16.92%) PowerShell
3 85 (14.24%) SQL
4 81 (13.57%) Java
5 63 (10.55%) Bash Shell
6 58 (9.72%) C#
7 50 (8.38%) JavaScript
8 23 (3.85%) Ruby
9 17 (2.85%) Go
10 13 (2.18%) Perl
10 13 (2.18%) TypeScript
11 11 (1.84%) C
12 9 (1.51%) C++
13 8 (1.34%) PHP
14 7 (1.17%) T-SQL
15 6 (1.01%) Groovy
15 6 (1.01%) Java 8
16 5 (0.84%) Ada
16 5 (0.84%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.50%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 44 (7.37%) SC Cleared
1 44 (7.37%) Security Cleared
2 21 (3.52%) Cisco Certification
2 21 (3.52%) CISSP
2 21 (3.52%) Degree
3 16 (2.68%) AWS Certification
4 15 (2.51%) Microsoft Certification
5 11 (1.84%) CISM
6 10 (1.68%) PMP
7 9 (1.51%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 9 (1.51%) FFIEC
7 9 (1.51%) MCSE
8 7 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (1.17%) CRISC
8 7 (1.17%) SANS
9 6 (1.01%) CCIE
9 6 (1.01%) CISA
9 6 (1.01%) DV Cleared
9 6 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (0.84%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (5.03%) GDPR
2 29 (4.86%) QA
3 22 (3.69%) NIST
4 20 (3.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (2.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 13 (2.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 9 (1.51%) Data Quality
6 9 (1.51%) NIST 800
7 8 (1.34%) Accessibility
8 6 (1.01%) PMO
8 6 (1.01%) SOC 2
9 5 (0.84%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.84%) SLA
10 4 (0.67%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.50%) FedRAMP
12 1 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.17%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.17%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 100 (16.75%) Docker
2 79 (13.23%) Active Directory
3 70 (11.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (2.85%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (2.68%) VMware ESXi
6 15 (2.51%) Virtual Desktop
7 14 (2.35%) Hyper-V
7 14 (2.35%) vSphere
8 11 (1.84%) NFS
9 6 (1.01%) VMware NSX
9 6 (1.01%) XenApp
9 6 (1.01%) XenDesktop
10 5 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.84%) PowerHA
10 5 (0.84%) Veritas File System
11 4 (0.67%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 3 (0.50%) KVM
12 3 (0.50%) SRDF
12 3 (0.50%) Xen
13 2 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 160 (26.80%) Terraform
2 129 (21.61%) Kubernetes
3 94 (15.75%) Ansible
4 34 (5.70%) Puppet
5 26 (4.36%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (4.19%) Microsoft Intune
7 22 (3.69%) Prometheus
8 16 (2.68%) Tivoli
9 15 (2.51%) MIIS
9 15 (2.51%) SCCM
10 12 (2.01%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 11 (1.84%) Packer
12 10 (1.68%) QRadar
13 9 (1.51%) Control-M
13 9 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (1.51%) EMC NetWorker
13 9 (1.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 9 (1.51%) vRealize
14 8 (1.34%) ZABBIX
15 7 (1.17%) SCOM
Vendors
1 141 (23.62%) Microsoft
2 90 (15.08%) VMware
3 67 (11.22%) Google
4 48 (8.04%) Oracle
5 47 (7.87%) SAP
6 32 (5.36%) IBM
7 30 (5.03%) Cisco
8 26 (4.36%) Citrix
9 24 (4.02%) Red Hat
10 23 (3.85%) ServiceNow
11 21 (3.52%) EMC
12 20 (3.35%) Databricks
13 17 (2.85%) BMC
13 17 (2.85%) HP
14 16 (2.68%) Splunk
15 15 (2.51%) Dell
16 12 (2.01%) CyberArk
17 11 (1.84%) Qualys
18 10 (1.68%) 3PAR
18 10 (1.68%) Salesforce.com