Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 202 232 398
Rank change year-on-year +30 +166 +187
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,390 1,039 619
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.37% 1.12% 0.58%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.03% 8.57% 7.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 879 703 441
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £346 £360
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 2
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £100.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -57.50% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 -
% change year-on-year -17.65% - -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 19,786 12,123 8,722
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.56% 13.07% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,498 8,441 6,016
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £305 £281 £290
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 271 153 142
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £18.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -16.28% -4.44%
10th Percentile £11.25 £10.53 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.20 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £17.00 £16.75
% change year-on-year - +1.49% -21.18%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 1,327 £525 +5.00% 277
UK excluding London +68 755 £500 +5.26% 163
London -10 615 £550 +4.76% 130
South East +34 311 £500 +5.26% 67
North of England +30 194 £475 +26.67% 28
Midlands +54 119 £500 -2.91% 29
North West +31 113 £500 +5.26% 15
East Midlands +30 61 £500 -10.31% 7
West Midlands +43 58 £503 +34.00% 22
South West +29 55 £525 +5.00% 19
Yorkshire +13 50 £425 -22.73% 11
Scotland -13 46 £600 +60.00% 10
East of England +13 41 £550 +6.80% 4
North East 0 33 £400 +14.29% 2
Wales -15 5 £400 -17.95% 2

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 808 (58.13%) IaaS
2 660 (47.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 589 (42.37%) DevOps
4 552 (39.71%) Agile Software Development
5 545 (39.21%) Amazon AWS
6 482 (34.68%) SaaS
7 344 (24.75%) Microsoft
8 335 (24.10%) Jenkins
9 305 (21.94%) Java
10 304 (21.87%) Linux
11 285 (20.50%) Docker
12 277 (19.93%) Continuous Integration
13 265 (19.06%) Windows
14 247 (17.77%) Finance
15 218 (15.68%) Git (software)
16 201 (14.46%) Python
17 198 (14.24%) Ansible
18 186 (13.38%) SQL
19 174 (12.52%) Microservices
20 170 (12.23%) PowerShell
21 167 (12.01%) C#
22 164 (11.80%) .NET
23 157 (11.29%) Continuous Delivery
24 151 (10.86%) JavaScript
25 149 (10.72%) Scrum
26 147 (10.58%) Firewall
26 147 (10.58%) Puppet
27 145 (10.43%) ITIL
28 143 (10.29%) Web Services
29 142 (10.22%) VMware

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (9.93%) Cloud Foundry
2 65 (4.68%) Confluence
3 62 (4.46%) OpenStack
4 47 (3.38%) Tomcat
5 43 (3.09%) Apache
6 37 (2.66%) nginx
7 34 (2.45%) Apache Spark
8 28 (2.01%) Skype for Business
9 25 (1.80%) WebSphere
10 18 (1.29%) IIS
10 18 (1.29%) JBoss
11 15 (1.08%) SharePoint
12 14 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 13 (0.94%) CMS
14 10 (0.72%) Mule
15 9 (0.65%) GemFire
16 8 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
16 8 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
17 7 (0.50%) SAS
17 7 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 16 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.72%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.36%) HipChat
6 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.072%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.072%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 27 (1.94%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.43%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
5 3 (0.22%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 2 (0.14%) Magento
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.072%) Maximo
7 1 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.072%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.072%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.072%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 808 (58.13%) IaaS
2 660 (47.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 545 (39.21%) Amazon AWS
4 482 (34.68%) SaaS
5 106 (7.63%) OpenShift
6 94 (6.76%) Office 365
7 69 (4.96%) Cloud Computing
8 59 (4.24%) GitHub
9 55 (3.96%) Azure Active Directory
10 44 (3.17%) npm
11 35 (2.52%) Google Cloud Platform
12 28 (2.01%) Google Analytics
13 27 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
14 26 (1.87%) Heroku
15 23 (1.65%) Amazon S3
16 22 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
16 22 (1.58%) IBM Cloud
17 20 (1.44%) Bluemix
18 17 (1.22%) Serverless
19 16 (1.15%) CloudBees
Communications & Networking
1 147 (10.58%) Firewall
2 60 (4.32%) VPN
3 54 (3.88%) TCP/IP
4 47 (3.38%) Network Security
5 45 (3.24%) DNS
6 43 (3.09%) WAN
7 37 (2.66%) LAN
8 33 (2.37%) HTTP
9 24 (1.73%) Internet
10 22 (1.58%) NetScaler
11 19 (1.37%) SSL
12 18 (1.29%) DHCP
12 18 (1.29%) Skype
13 16 (1.15%) SAN
14 14 (1.01%) Software-Defined Networking
14 14 (1.01%) WLAN
15 12 (0.86%) Kerberos
16 11 (0.79%) MQTT
17 9 (0.65%) Cisco ASA
17 9 (0.65%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (8.99%) SQL Server
2 99 (7.12%) MongoDB
3 90 (6.47%) NoSQL
4 68 (4.89%) Big Data
5 57 (4.10%) Azure SQL Database
6 50 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
7 46 (3.31%) Hadoop
8 42 (3.02%) MySQL
9 38 (2.73%) Redis
10 37 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
11 33 (2.37%) Relational Database
12 32 (2.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 28 (2.01%) HBase
14 27 (1.94%) NuoDB
15 23 (1.65%) Cosmos DB
15 23 (1.65%) Oracle Database
16 22 (1.58%) Power BI
16 22 (1.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 21 (1.51%) Apache Cassandra
17 21 (1.51%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 335 (24.10%) Jenkins
2 218 (15.68%) Git (software)
3 112 (8.06%) JIRA
4 72 (5.18%) Visual Studio
5 69 (4.96%) Visual Studio Team System
6 54 (3.88%) Team Foundation Server
7 51 (3.67%) Maven
8 46 (3.31%) SonarQube
8 46 (3.31%) Subversion
8 46 (3.31%) TeamCity
9 45 (3.24%) Sonatype Nexus
10 38 (2.73%) Bitbucket
10 38 (2.73%) Selenium
11 36 (2.59%) gulp
12 35 (2.52%) IBM UrbanCode
13 32 (2.30%) Travis CI
14 29 (2.09%) Artifactory
14 29 (2.09%) Gradle
15 27 (1.94%) Octopus Deploy
16 23 (1.65%) Gerrit
General
1 247 (17.77%) Finance
2 72 (5.18%) Banking
3 55 (3.96%) Marketing
4 53 (3.81%) Retail
5 45 (3.24%) Telecoms
6 26 (1.87%) Advertising
7 23 (1.65%) Automotive
8 20 (1.44%) Law
9 17 (1.22%) Manufacturing
10 15 (1.08%) Financial Institution
10 15 (1.08%) Legal
11 14 (1.01%) Billing
12 12 (0.86%) Retail Banking
13 7 (0.50%) Electronics
13 7 (0.50%) International Banking
14 6 (0.43%) Front Office
15 5 (0.36%) Back Office
15 5 (0.36%) Publishing
16 4 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
17 2 (0.14%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 428 (30.79%) Architect
2 245 (17.63%) DevOps Engineer
3 195 (14.03%) Developer
4 146 (10.50%) Solutions Architect
5 143 (10.29%) Cloud Architect
6 111 (7.99%) Consultant
7 100 (7.19%) Azure Architect
8 85 (6.12%) Security Architect
9 83 (5.97%) Azure Engineer
10 73 (5.25%) Azure Consultant
11 66 (4.75%) Azure DevOps
12 63 (4.53%) Analyst
13 61 (4.39%) Cloud Engineer
14 57 (4.10%) Technical Architect
15 56 (4.03%) AWS Engineer
16 54 (3.88%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 49 (3.53%) AWS DevOps
18 48 (3.45%) Java Developer
19 45 (3.24%) AWS Architect
20 41 (2.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (11.80%) .NET
2 143 (10.29%) Web Services
3 125 (8.99%) JSON
4 106 (7.63%) REST
5 92 (6.62%) Node.js
6 90 (6.47%) AngularJS
7 76 (5.47%) HTML
8 74 (5.32%) Middleware
9 72 (5.18%) RESTful
10 67 (4.82%) React
11 65 (4.68%) Kafka
12 56 (4.03%) Spring
13 53 (3.81%) CSS
14 52 (3.74%) XML
15 45 (3.24%) .NET Core
16 39 (2.81%) RabbitMQ
17 38 (2.73%) HTML5
18 37 (2.66%) .NET Framework
19 32 (2.30%) ASP.NET Web API
19 32 (2.30%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 96 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
2 76 (5.47%) Public Cloud
3 71 (5.11%) Management Information System
4 65 (4.68%) Data Centre
5 55 (3.96%) Hybrid Cloud
5 55 (3.96%) Mobile App
6 51 (3.67%) User Experience
7 42 (3.02%) Computer Science
8 32 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
9 29 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
9 29 (2.09%) Private Cloud
10 27 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
11 26 (1.87%) iPad
12 23 (1.65%) Virtual Team
13 19 (1.37%) Cloud Native
14 18 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
15 17 (1.22%) Clustering
16 15 (1.08%) VSAM
17 13 (0.94%) Cyberthreat
17 13 (0.94%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 304 (21.87%) Linux
2 265 (19.06%) Windows
3 88 (6.33%) Windows Server
4 87 (6.26%) Unix
5 83 (5.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 38 (2.73%) VMS
7 33 (2.37%) Windows Server 2008
8 27 (1.94%) Windows Server 2012
9 26 (1.87%) Apple iOS
10 25 (1.80%) Android
11 21 (1.51%) Solaris
12 19 (1.37%) Windows 2000 Server
13 17 (1.22%) AIX
13 17 (1.22%) HPUX
13 17 (1.22%) MVS
14 15 (1.08%) VME
15 14 (1.01%) Windows 10
16 13 (0.94%) CentOS
17 8 (0.58%) Windows 8
18 7 (0.50%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 589 (42.37%) DevOps
2 552 (39.71%) Agile Software Development
3 277 (19.93%) Continuous Integration
4 174 (12.52%) Microservices
5 157 (11.29%) Continuous Delivery
6 149 (10.72%) Scrum
7 145 (10.43%) ITIL
8 139 (10.00%) Open Source
9 129 (9.28%) Migration
10 111 (7.99%) Configuration Management
11 107 (7.70%) TDD
12 97 (6.98%) Problem-Solving
12 97 (6.98%) Stakeholder Management
13 95 (6.83%) Analytics
14 90 (6.47%) TOGAF
15 86 (6.19%) Test Automation
16 84 (6.04%) Project Management
17 82 (5.90%) Kanban
18 81 (5.83%) Service Management
19 80 (5.76%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 305 (21.94%) Java
2 201 (14.46%) Python
3 186 (13.38%) SQL
4 170 (12.23%) PowerShell
5 167 (12.01%) C#
6 151 (10.86%) JavaScript
7 106 (7.63%) Ruby
8 77 (5.54%) Bash Shell
9 56 (4.03%) Groovy
9 56 (4.03%) Shell Script
10 52 (3.74%) C++
11 47 (3.38%) Go
12 31 (2.23%) Perl
13 29 (2.09%) TypeScript
14 28 (2.01%) C
15 27 (1.94%) ES6
16 26 (1.87%) PHP
17 24 (1.73%) Scala
18 18 (1.29%) T-SQL
19 16 (1.15%) JCL
Qualifications
1 111 (7.99%) Security Cleared
2 96 (6.91%) Degree
3 88 (6.33%) SC Cleared
4 70 (5.04%) CISSP
5 54 (3.88%) CISM
6 52 (3.74%) Cisco Certification
7 43 (3.09%) CCNP
8 33 (2.37%) TOGAF Certification
9 32 (2.30%) CCIE
9 32 (2.30%) CISA
10 25 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
11 23 (1.65%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 22 (1.58%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 21 (1.51%) CCDP
14 20 (1.44%) Chartered Engineer
15 19 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
16 15 (1.08%) CEH
17 14 (1.01%) Oracle Certification
18 11 (0.79%) MCSE
19 10 (0.72%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.23%) QA
2 20 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (1.15%) GCP
3 16 (1.15%) GDPR
4 15 (1.08%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.94%) SLA
6 10 (0.72%) GAAP
7 9 (0.65%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.58%) BS25999
8 8 (0.58%) HIPAA
8 8 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.43%) Data Quality
10 5 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 4 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.29%) GxP
12 2 (0.14%) COBIT
12 2 (0.14%) IFRS
12 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 1 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.072%) PMO
System Software
1 285 (20.50%) Docker
2 117 (8.42%) Active Directory
3 63 (4.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (4.03%) Hyper-V
5 48 (3.45%) Virtual Machines
6 28 (2.01%) VMware ESXi
7 26 (1.87%) HDFS
7 26 (1.87%) Virtual Servers
8 18 (1.29%) Microsoft App-V
9 17 (1.22%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 17 (1.22%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 16 (1.15%) Job Entry Subsystem
10 16 (1.15%) XenApp
10 16 (1.15%) XenDesktop
11 15 (1.08%) RACF
12 14 (1.01%) XenServer
13 11 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 5 (0.36%) vCloud
14 5 (0.36%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.29%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 198 (14.24%) Ansible
2 147 (10.58%) Puppet
3 138 (9.93%) Kubernetes
4 136 (9.78%) Opscode Chef
5 82 (5.90%) Terraform
6 24 (1.73%) Salt
7 19 (1.37%) Tivoli
8 17 (1.22%) SCCM
9 15 (1.08%) Tivoli Monitoring
10 13 (0.94%) Mesos
10 13 (0.94%) Nagios
10 13 (0.94%) SCOM
11 12 (0.86%) Oozie
11 12 (0.86%) Rancher
12 11 (0.79%) McAfee ePO
13 10 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.65%) Opsview
15 8 (0.58%) Marathon
16 7 (0.50%) Grafana
16 7 (0.50%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 344 (24.75%) Microsoft
2 142 (10.22%) VMware
3 111 (7.99%) Red Hat
4 107 (7.70%) Oracle
5 68 (4.89%) Google
6 64 (4.60%) IBM
7 59 (4.24%) Cisco
8 46 (3.31%) ServiceNow
9 45 (3.24%) Splunk
10 38 (2.73%) Citrix
11 31 (2.23%) SAP
12 24 (1.73%) HP
13 20 (1.44%) AppDynamics
14 19 (1.37%) Cloudera
15 18 (1.29%) MuleSoft
15 18 (1.29%) New Relic
16 17 (1.22%) BMC
16 17 (1.22%) F5
17 15 (1.08%) SaltStack
18 14 (1.01%) CA