Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 162 204 237
Rank change year-on-year +42 +33 +101
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,567 1,364 975
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.72% 1.36% 1.06%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.17% 6.41% 7.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,044 899 650
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £413 £375 £355
90th Percentile £700 £664 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 1 3
UK median hourly rate £72.50 £55.00 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.82% -15.38% +37.57%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 - £65.00

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,408 21,268 12,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.96% 21.21% 14.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,406 14,506 8,877
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £306 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 342 310 183
UK median hourly rate £23.08 £19.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.45% - -3.11%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.00 £10.55
90th Percentile £60.38 £56.25 £59.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.34 £17.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +31.38% -2.86% +7.69%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 1,462 £528 +3.02% 120
UK excluding London +41 870 £513 +2.50% 81
London +36 678 £550 - 43
South East +71 442 £500 - 22
North of England -16 133 £511 +8.78% 14
Midlands +9 116 £513 +5.13% 25
West Midlands +12 91 £525 +7.69% 16
Yorkshire +30 70 £550 +12.82% 8
South West +4 67 £610 +16.19% 6
Scotland +25 64 £475 -15.56% 3
North West -38 41 £513 +4.06% 6
East of England +15 31 £528 -4.09% 10
North East -6 22 £480 +20.00%
Wales +25 21 £560 -2.61% 1
East Midlands -5 19 £425 -15.00% 9
Northern Ireland +17 6 - -

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 1,092 (69.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 878 (56.03%) IaaS
3 692 (44.16%) DevOps
4 628 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
5 502 (32.04%) Microsoft
6 501 (31.97%) SaaS
7 480 (30.63%) Amazon AWS
8 376 (23.99%) SQL
9 314 (20.04%) PowerShell
10 262 (16.72%) Finance
11 258 (16.46%) Windows
12 246 (15.70%) Docker
13 244 (15.57%) Jenkins
14 225 (14.36%) Git (software)
15 222 (14.17%) Active Directory
16 220 (14.04%) Continuous Integration
17 218 (13.91%) C#
17 218 (13.91%) Microservices
18 213 (13.59%) .NET
19 212 (13.53%) Python
19 212 (13.53%) Migration
20 210 (13.40%) Java
20 210 (13.40%) Kubernetes
21 198 (12.64%) Linux
22 187 (11.93%) SQL Server
23 183 (11.68%) Visual Studio Team System
24 169 (10.78%) Terraform
25 167 (10.66%) Security Cleared
26 166 (10.59%) Test Automation
26 166 (10.59%) Ansible

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.81%) Cloud Foundry
2 68 (4.34%) OpenStack
3 60 (3.83%) IIS
4 45 (2.87%) nginx
5 40 (2.55%) Apache Spark
6 34 (2.17%) Confluence
7 30 (1.91%) Skype for Business
8 29 (1.85%) Apache
9 27 (1.72%) Tomcat
10 25 (1.60%) WebSphere
11 24 (1.53%) JBoss
11 24 (1.53%) SharePoint
12 22 (1.40%) CMS
13 18 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
14 17 (1.08%) Jupyter
15 16 (1.02%) Exchange Server 2013
16 15 (0.96%) Umbraco
17 14 (0.89%) MS Exchange
18 12 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 12 (0.77%) WebLogic
Applications
1 47 (3.00%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.45%) Chatbot
2 7 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.064%) Blender
4 1 (0.064%) Maya
4 1 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.064%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 28 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.64%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.26%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle FAH
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle iProcurement
6 2 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.064%) Magento
7 1 (0.064%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.064%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 1,092 (69.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 878 (56.03%) IaaS
3 501 (31.97%) SaaS
4 480 (30.63%) Amazon AWS
5 136 (8.68%) Office 365
6 133 (8.49%) Google Cloud Platform
7 124 (7.91%) Azure Active Directory
8 116 (7.40%) Serverless
9 103 (6.57%) OpenShift
10 72 (4.59%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 61 (3.89%) Power Platform
12 58 (3.70%) AWS CloudFormation
13 57 (3.64%) GitHub
14 52 (3.32%) Azure Functions
15 50 (3.19%) Azure Data Factory
16 37 (2.36%) npm
17 30 (1.91%) Dynamics 365
18 29 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
19 26 (1.66%) Azure Stack
19 26 (1.66%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 133 (8.49%) Firewall
2 87 (5.55%) DNS
3 62 (3.96%) VPN
4 35 (2.23%) SAN
5 34 (2.17%) LAN
5 34 (2.17%) WAN
6 29 (1.85%) DHCP
7 23 (1.47%) Network Security
8 21 (1.34%) Internet
8 21 (1.34%) TCP/IP
9 20 (1.28%) Cisco ASA
9 20 (1.28%) HTTP
9 20 (1.28%) Skype
10 18 (1.15%) Cisco Nexus
10 18 (1.15%) FTP
11 17 (1.08%) Fibre Channel
11 17 (1.08%) iSCSI
12 16 (1.02%) VLAN
13 15 (0.96%) Wireless
14 12 (0.77%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (11.93%) SQL Server
2 100 (6.38%) Azure SQL Database
3 84 (5.36%) NoSQL
4 74 (4.72%) Big Data
5 66 (4.21%) Data Warehouse
6 64 (4.08%) Data Lake
7 63 (4.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 56 (3.57%) Redis
9 54 (3.45%) Power BI
10 49 (3.13%) MySQL
11 46 (2.94%) PostgreSQL
12 37 (2.36%) Hadoop
13 32 (2.04%) Oracle Database
14 31 (1.98%) Cosmos DB
15 29 (1.85%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
16 27 (1.72%) HDInsight
17 26 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
18 23 (1.47%) Relational Database
19 21 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 20 (1.28%) GIS
Development Applications
1 244 (15.57%) Jenkins
2 225 (14.36%) Git (software)
3 183 (11.68%) Visual Studio Team System
4 105 (6.70%) Visual Studio
5 61 (3.89%) JIRA
6 58 (3.70%) Team Foundation Server
7 54 (3.45%) Maven
8 51 (3.25%) TeamCity
9 44 (2.81%) gulp
10 39 (2.49%) Jasmine
10 39 (2.49%) Octopus Deploy
10 39 (2.49%) SpecFlow
11 36 (2.30%) Gradle
12 28 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
13 24 (1.53%) IBM UrbanCode
14 23 (1.47%) Selenium
15 22 (1.40%) JUnit
15 22 (1.40%) MSI
16 20 (1.28%) Bitbucket
16 20 (1.28%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 262 (16.72%) Finance
2 112 (7.15%) Banking
3 49 (3.13%) Retail
4 41 (2.62%) Telecoms
5 37 (2.36%) Billing
6 30 (1.91%) Marketing
7 29 (1.85%) Legal
8 20 (1.28%) Financial Institution
9 18 (1.15%) Games
10 16 (1.02%) Manufacturing
11 12 (0.77%) Electronics
11 12 (0.77%) Law
12 11 (0.70%) Advertising
12 11 (0.70%) Back Office
13 10 (0.64%) Publishing
14 8 (0.51%) Investment Banking
15 7 (0.45%) Multimedia
16 5 (0.32%) Local Government
16 5 (0.32%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.13%) Military
Job Titles
1 492 (31.40%) Architect
2 263 (16.78%) Developer
3 249 (15.89%) DevOps Engineer
4 170 (10.85%) Azure Engineer
5 156 (9.96%) Azure Architect
6 136 (8.68%) Cloud Architect
7 125 (7.98%) Solutions Architect
8 118 (7.53%) Azure DevOps
9 104 (6.64%) Consultant
10 95 (6.06%) Technical Architect
11 91 (5.81%) Cloud Engineer
12 83 (5.30%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 74 (4.72%) .NET Developer
14 64 (4.08%) Senior Developer
15 50 (3.19%) Azure Consultant
16 49 (3.13%) Security Architect
17 45 (2.87%) AWS Engineer
18 43 (2.74%) Infrastructure Architect
19 42 (2.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
20 41 (2.62%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 213 (13.59%) .NET
2 143 (9.13%) Node.js
3 131 (8.36%) JSON
4 123 (7.85%) HTML
5 110 (7.02%) Web Services
6 101 (6.45%) CSS
7 79 (5.04%) RESTful
8 78 (4.98%) REST
9 72 (4.59%) .NET Core
10 70 (4.47%) ASP.NET
10 70 (4.47%) SOAP
11 68 (4.34%) Middleware
12 67 (4.28%) .NET Framework
13 63 (4.02%) AngularJS
14 59 (3.77%) XML
15 51 (3.25%) ASP.NET Web API
16 49 (3.13%) Kafka
17 42 (2.68%) Swagger
18 41 (2.62%) HTML5
18 41 (2.62%) React
Miscellaneous
1 157 (10.02%) Public Cloud
2 103 (6.57%) Data Centre
3 92 (5.87%) Hybrid Cloud
4 86 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
5 54 (3.45%) Cloud Native
6 52 (3.32%) Private Cloud
7 38 (2.43%) Mobile App
8 35 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
9 34 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
10 27 (1.72%) Replication
11 25 (1.60%) Client/Server
12 22 (1.40%) User Experience
13 21 (1.34%) Clustering
14 19 (1.21%) Management Information System
15 18 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
15 18 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
16 16 (1.02%) PKI
17 15 (0.96%) Enterprise Cloud
17 15 (0.96%) Hedge funds
17 15 (0.96%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 258 (16.46%) Windows
2 198 (12.64%) Linux
3 100 (6.38%) Windows Server
4 72 (4.59%) Unix
5 56 (3.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (1.98%) Windows 10
7 29 (1.85%) Windows Server 2012
8 25 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
9 24 (1.53%) VMS
10 20 (1.28%) Solaris
11 18 (1.15%) CentOS
12 16 (1.02%) AIX
13 14 (0.89%) Mac OS X
14 9 (0.57%) Android
14 9 (0.57%) Apple iOS
15 7 (0.45%) Ubuntu
16 6 (0.38%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.38%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 1 (0.064%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 692 (44.16%) DevOps
2 628 (40.08%) Agile Software Development
3 220 (14.04%) Continuous Integration
4 218 (13.91%) Microservices
5 212 (13.53%) Migration
6 166 (10.59%) Scrum
6 166 (10.59%) Test Automation
7 157 (10.02%) Continuous Delivery
8 133 (8.49%) Analytics
9 116 (7.40%) TDD
10 113 (7.21%) ITIL
11 112 (7.15%) Open Source
12 109 (6.96%) Business Intelligence
13 106 (6.76%) Infrastructure as Code
14 102 (6.51%) TOGAF
15 93 (5.93%) Problem-Solving
16 81 (5.17%) Configuration Management
17 79 (5.04%) Continuous Deployment
17 79 (5.04%) Stakeholder Management
18 77 (4.91%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 376 (23.99%) SQL
2 314 (20.04%) PowerShell
3 218 (13.91%) C#
4 212 (13.53%) Python
5 210 (13.40%) Java
6 160 (10.21%) JavaScript
7 50 (3.19%) Bash Shell
8 45 (2.87%) Ruby
9 37 (2.36%) Shell Script
10 34 (2.17%) Groovy
11 30 (1.91%) TypeScript
12 27 (1.72%) C
13 26 (1.66%) Go
14 20 (1.28%) C++
15 19 (1.21%) Scala
15 19 (1.21%) T-SQL
16 17 (1.08%) Java 8
17 14 (0.89%) ES6
17 14 (0.89%) PHP
18 13 (0.83%) VB
Qualifications
1 167 (10.66%) Security Cleared
2 112 (7.15%) SC Cleared
3 60 (3.83%) Microsoft Certification
4 51 (3.25%) Degree
5 42 (2.68%) MCSE
6 29 (1.85%) CISSP
7 26 (1.66%) Cisco Certification
8 25 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 24 (1.53%) AWS Certification
10 23 (1.47%) DV Cleared
10 23 (1.47%) TOGAF Certification
11 16 (1.02%) CCNA
12 13 (0.83%) CISM
12 13 (0.83%) MCSA
13 12 (0.77%) ITIL Certification
14 8 (0.51%) CISA
15 7 (0.45%) Computer Science Degree
15 7 (0.45%) SANS
15 7 (0.45%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 6 (0.38%) IISP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (4.53%) QA
2 39 (2.49%) NCSC
3 33 (2.11%) NIST
4 20 (1.28%) GDPR
5 19 (1.21%) PCI DSS
6 15 (0.96%) WCAG
7 10 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.64%) SLA
8 7 (0.45%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.32%) COBIT
9 5 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.19%) PMO
11 3 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.13%) Government Security Classifications
12 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.13%) JSP 440
13 1 (0.064%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.064%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 246 (15.70%) Docker
2 222 (14.17%) Active Directory
3 101 (6.45%) Virtual Machines
4 67 (4.28%) Hyper-V
5 63 (4.02%) VMware Infrastructure
6 36 (2.30%) XenApp
7 19 (1.21%) Microsoft App-V
7 19 (1.21%) vSphere
8 14 (0.89%) Oracle RAC
9 12 (0.77%) Apache Flume
10 11 (0.70%) vCloud
11 10 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
12 8 (0.51%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.45%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 5 (0.32%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.26%) Postfix
16 2 (0.13%) NDS
16 2 (0.13%) NetIQ eDirectory
16 2 (0.13%) NFS
16 2 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 210 (13.40%) Kubernetes
2 169 (10.78%) Terraform
3 166 (10.59%) Ansible
4 142 (9.06%) Puppet
5 115 (7.34%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (2.43%) SCOM
7 35 (2.23%) SCCM
8 26 (1.66%) Grafana
9 25 (1.60%) Microsoft Intune
10 20 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
11 19 (1.21%) Kibana
11 19 (1.21%) Microsoft Clustering
12 18 (1.15%) SCOrch
13 16 (1.02%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 16 (1.02%) vRealize
14 15 (0.96%) Data Guard
15 13 (0.83%) QRadar
15 13 (0.83%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
16 10 (0.64%) Prometheus
17 9 (0.57%) CASB
Vendors
1 502 (32.04%) Microsoft
2 120 (7.66%) VMware
3 115 (7.34%) Oracle
4 83 (5.30%) Google
5 71 (4.53%) Citrix
6 69 (4.40%) Red Hat
7 57 (3.64%) Cisco
8 45 (2.87%) Dell
9 42 (2.68%) Splunk
10 40 (2.55%) F5
10 40 (2.55%) SAP
11 32 (2.04%) CheckPoint
12 29 (1.85%) IBM
12 29 (1.85%) Salesforce.com
13 27 (1.72%) Xamarin
14 25 (1.60%) Tableau
15 24 (1.53%) Symantec
16 22 (1.40%) ServiceNow
17 19 (1.21%) New Relic
18 16 (1.02%) MuleSoft