Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 160 211 224
Rank change year-on-year +51 +13 +288
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,735 1,289 1,126
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.74% 1.29% 1.18%
As % of the Cloud Services category 7.18% 7.32% 9.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,159 801 804
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £405 £370 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% -57.50%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.50 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +44.29% -17.65% -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,155 17,616 11,991
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.24% 17.68% 12.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,663 12,234 8,226
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £308 £288 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 312 231 163
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.41% -2.63% -12.20%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £11.30
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.50 £56.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 1,593 £550 +10.00% 379
UK excluding London +14 856 £525 +5.00% 251
London +93 832 £550 - 165
South East -1 323 £525 +5.00% 67
North of England +14 186 £550 +13.40% 52
Midlands +39 143 £500 - 51
West Midlands +34 107 £563 +19.68% 36
Scotland +50 104 £700 +38.27% 15
South West +3 89 £510 +2.00% 30
North West +4 85 £600 +14.29% 24
Yorkshire +10 74 £540 +11.34% 24
East Midlands +5 38 £600 +20.00% 15
North East -9 27 £445 +11.25% 4
Wales -27 24 £700 +33.33% 5
East of England -21 21 £480 -10.70% 15

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 1,107 (63.80%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,080 (62.25%) IaaS
3 713 (41.10%) DevOps
4 675 (38.90%) Agile Software Development
5 589 (33.95%) SaaS
6 508 (29.28%) Amazon AWS
7 472 (27.20%) Microsoft
8 376 (21.67%) SQL
9 354 (20.40%) Windows
10 340 (19.60%) Linux
11 316 (18.21%) Jenkins
12 308 (17.75%) PowerShell
13 285 (16.43%) Docker
14 275 (15.85%) Java
15 272 (15.68%) Finance
16 244 (14.06%) Python
17 242 (13.95%) Active Directory
18 237 (13.66%) Git (software)
19 236 (13.60%) Ansible
20 221 (12.74%) Scrum
21 216 (12.45%) Firewall
22 210 (12.10%) Continuous Integration
23 207 (11.93%) Kubernetes
24 202 (11.64%) Security Cleared
25 201 (11.59%) Microservices
26 198 (11.41%) SQL Server
26 198 (11.41%) Migration
27 194 (11.18%) .NET
28 193 (11.12%) Terraform
29 184 (10.61%) JSON

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (7.72%) Cloud Foundry
2 70 (4.03%) SharePoint
3 67 (3.86%) nginx
4 65 (3.75%) Confluence
5 54 (3.11%) OpenStack
6 37 (2.13%) Apache Spark
6 37 (2.13%) IIS
7 35 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
8 33 (1.90%) WebLogic
9 28 (1.61%) Apache
10 27 (1.56%) Skype for Business
11 24 (1.38%) Tomcat
12 23 (1.33%) CMS
13 16 (0.92%) JBoss
13 16 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 14 (0.81%) WebSphere
15 12 (0.69%) NServiceBus
15 12 (0.69%) Oracle Service Bus
16 9 (0.52%) SharePoint 2013
17 8 (0.46%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 41 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (1.33%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.29%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (1.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
2 10 (0.58%) Remedy ITSM
3 9 (0.52%) Dynamics NAV
4 6 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
4 6 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.17%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.17%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.12%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.058%) Magento
7 1 (0.058%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.058%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.058%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.058%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 1,107 (63.80%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,080 (62.25%) IaaS
3 589 (33.95%) SaaS
4 508 (29.28%) Amazon AWS
5 174 (10.03%) Office 365
6 148 (8.53%) Azure Active Directory
7 111 (6.40%) Google Cloud Platform
8 81 (4.67%) Serverless
9 75 (4.32%) AWS CloudFormation
10 68 (3.92%) OpenShift
11 63 (3.63%) Cloud Computing
12 58 (3.34%) Azure Data Factory
13 52 (3.00%) npm
14 50 (2.88%) GitHub
15 44 (2.54%) Boomi
16 38 (2.19%) Heroku
17 37 (2.13%) Datadog
18 30 (1.73%) Azure Functions
19 27 (1.56%) Apigee
20 26 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 216 (12.45%) Firewall
2 101 (5.82%) VPN
3 86 (4.96%) DNS
4 54 (3.11%) SSL
5 48 (2.77%) TCP/IP
6 46 (2.65%) Network Security
7 42 (2.42%) WAN
8 36 (2.07%) LAN
9 28 (1.61%) HTTP
9 28 (1.61%) SAN
9 28 (1.61%) Skype
10 25 (1.44%) Cisco ASA
11 21 (1.21%) Intrusion Detection
12 20 (1.15%) Internet
13 18 (1.04%) NetScaler
14 15 (0.86%) WLAN
15 13 (0.75%) ICMP
15 13 (0.75%) VLAN
16 10 (0.58%) DMZ
16 10 (0.58%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (11.41%) SQL Server
2 103 (5.94%) Azure SQL Database
3 81 (4.67%) NoSQL
4 77 (4.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 72 (4.15%) Big Data
6 68 (3.92%) Data Lake
7 64 (3.69%) PostgreSQL
8 60 (3.46%) MongoDB
9 58 (3.34%) Power BI
10 56 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
10 56 (3.23%) Hadoop
11 52 (3.00%) Relational Database
12 43 (2.48%) Redis
13 33 (1.90%) HDInsight
13 33 (1.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 30 (1.73%) Oracle Database
15 29 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
16 25 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
16 25 (1.44%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
16 25 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 316 (18.21%) Jenkins
2 237 (13.66%) Git (software)
3 176 (10.14%) Visual Studio Team System
4 100 (5.76%) Visual Studio
5 96 (5.53%) JIRA
6 86 (4.96%) Maven
7 60 (3.46%) CircleCI
8 57 (3.29%) IBM UrbanCode
8 57 (3.29%) Octopus Deploy
9 54 (3.11%) Gradle
10 51 (2.94%) Travis CI
11 48 (2.77%) gulp
12 47 (2.71%) Bitbucket
12 47 (2.71%) Team Foundation Server
13 44 (2.54%) TeamCity
14 36 (2.07%) Selenium
14 36 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
15 34 (1.96%) GitLab
16 24 (1.38%) Artifactory
17 22 (1.27%) SonarQube
General
1 272 (15.68%) Finance
2 111 (6.40%) Banking
3 66 (3.80%) Retail
4 54 (3.11%) Telecoms
5 41 (2.36%) Law
6 34 (1.96%) Manufacturing
7 33 (1.90%) Financial Institution
8 26 (1.50%) Billing
8 26 (1.50%) Marketing
9 23 (1.33%) Legal
10 18 (1.04%) Electronics
11 13 (0.75%) Publishing
12 7 (0.40%) Investment Banking
13 6 (0.35%) Advertising
14 5 (0.29%) Back Office
15 4 (0.23%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.23%) Military
16 2 (0.12%) Front Office
16 2 (0.12%) Games
16 2 (0.12%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 508 (29.28%) Architect
2 316 (18.21%) DevOps Engineer
3 276 (15.91%) Developer
4 177 (10.20%) Azure Architect
5 165 (9.51%) Azure Engineer
6 134 (7.72%) Cloud Architect
7 128 (7.38%) Solutions Architect
8 119 (6.86%) Azure DevOps
9 111 (6.40%) Consultant
10 106 (6.11%) Cloud Engineer
11 85 (4.90%) Technical Architect
12 79 (4.55%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 71 (4.09%) Analyst
14 63 (3.63%) Security Architect
15 61 (3.52%) AWS Engineer
16 60 (3.46%) Azure Developer
17 55 (3.17%) Java Developer
18 51 (2.94%) Senior Developer
19 45 (2.59%) .NET Developer
20 44 (2.54%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 194 (11.18%) .NET
2 184 (10.61%) JSON
3 129 (7.44%) Node.js
4 117 (6.74%) RESTful
5 103 (5.94%) REST
6 102 (5.88%) Web Services
7 90 (5.19%) HTML
8 89 (5.13%) XML
9 70 (4.03%) OAuth
10 69 (3.98%) CSS
10 69 (3.98%) React
11 64 (3.69%) SOAP
12 62 (3.57%) Middleware
13 55 (3.17%) Spring
14 53 (3.05%) ASP.NET
15 52 (3.00%) AngularJS
16 44 (2.54%) HTML5
17 43 (2.48%) jQuery
18 42 (2.42%) .NET Framework
18 42 (2.42%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 182 (10.49%) Public Cloud
2 74 (4.27%) Hybrid Cloud
3 69 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
3 69 (3.98%) Private Cloud
4 61 (3.52%) Data Centre
5 57 (3.29%) Cloud Native
6 54 (3.11%) Management Information System
7 46 (2.65%) Mobile App
8 44 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
9 39 (2.25%) User Experience
10 35 (2.02%) PKI
11 33 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
12 23 (1.33%) Data Structures
13 22 (1.27%) Virtual Team
14 18 (1.04%) Fintech
14 18 (1.04%) Hedge funds
15 17 (0.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 15 (0.86%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 15 (0.86%) Self-Motivation
17 13 (0.75%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 354 (20.40%) Windows
2 340 (19.60%) Linux
3 127 (7.32%) Windows Server
4 107 (6.17%) Unix
5 100 (5.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 54 (3.11%) Windows Server 2012
7 29 (1.67%) Android
7 29 (1.67%) Apple iOS
8 27 (1.56%) Windows 10
9 24 (1.38%) CentOS
10 19 (1.10%) VMS
11 18 (1.04%) Ubuntu
12 12 (0.69%) AIX
13 11 (0.63%) Windows Server 2003
14 10 (0.58%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.52%) Windows 7
15 9 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.29%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.29%) Solaris
16 5 (0.29%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 713 (41.10%) DevOps
2 675 (38.90%) Agile Software Development
3 221 (12.74%) Scrum
4 210 (12.10%) Continuous Integration
5 201 (11.59%) Microservices
6 198 (11.41%) Migration
7 174 (10.03%) Analytics
8 162 (9.34%) Continuous Delivery
9 138 (7.95%) Open Source
10 125 (7.20%) Business Intelligence
11 120 (6.92%) ITIL
12 118 (6.80%) Test Automation
13 111 (6.40%) TDD
14 96 (5.53%) Configuration Management
15 93 (5.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 87 (5.01%) Load Balancing
17 85 (4.90%) Information Security
18 80 (4.61%) Problem-Solving
19 78 (4.50%) Disaster Recovery
20 77 (4.44%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 376 (21.67%) SQL
2 308 (17.75%) PowerShell
3 275 (15.85%) Java
4 244 (14.06%) Python
5 158 (9.11%) C#
6 142 (8.18%) JavaScript
7 65 (3.75%) Shell Script
8 62 (3.57%) Bash Shell
9 57 (3.29%) Groovy
10 54 (3.11%) Ruby
11 40 (2.31%) Go
12 35 (2.02%) C
13 32 (1.84%) R
14 31 (1.79%) Perl
15 29 (1.67%) Java 8
16 25 (1.44%) T-SQL
17 19 (1.10%) PL/SQL
18 17 (0.98%) PHP
19 16 (0.92%) Scala
20 13 (0.75%) C++
Qualifications
1 202 (11.64%) Security Cleared
2 157 (9.05%) SC Cleared
3 69 (3.98%) Degree
4 38 (2.19%) AWS Certification
5 31 (1.79%) BPSS Clearance
6 30 (1.73%) CISSP
6 30 (1.73%) Microsoft Certification
7 29 (1.67%) Cisco Certification
8 22 (1.27%) MCSE
9 21 (1.21%) RHCE
10 19 (1.10%) Computer Science Degree
11 17 (0.98%) CISM
12 15 (0.86%) CCNA
12 15 (0.86%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 12 (0.69%) CCIE
14 10 (0.58%) TOGAF Certification
15 9 (0.52%) CCNP
15 9 (0.52%) MCITP
15 9 (0.52%) Sun Certification
15 9 (0.52%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (2.42%) QA
2 27 (1.56%) GDPR
3 23 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 10 (0.58%) FedRAMP
5 10 (0.58%) HIPAA
5 10 (0.58%) PMO
5 10 (0.58%) SLA
6 9 (0.52%) WCAG
7 8 (0.46%) Data Quality
7 8 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
7 8 (0.46%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.29%) Government Security Classifications
9 1 (0.058%) JSP 440
System Software
1 285 (16.43%) Docker
2 242 (13.95%) Active Directory
3 141 (8.13%) Virtual Machines
4 54 (3.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 38 (2.19%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.86%) Microsoft App-V
6 15 (0.86%) XenApp
7 13 (0.75%) HDFS
7 13 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (0.63%) vSphere
9 10 (0.58%) KVM
9 10 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
10 8 (0.46%) vCloud
10 8 (0.46%) XenDesktop
11 6 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.29%) VMware NSX
13 4 (0.23%) LXC
14 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.17%) Xen
14 3 (0.17%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 236 (13.60%) Ansible
2 207 (11.93%) Kubernetes
3 193 (11.12%) Terraform
4 169 (9.74%) Puppet
5 141 (8.13%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (2.13%) SCCM
6 37 (2.13%) Single Sign-On
7 21 (1.21%) Microsoft Intune
8 18 (1.04%) SELinux
9 16 (0.92%) SCOM
9 16 (0.92%) SCOrch
10 15 (0.86%) Mesos
11 14 (0.81%) Kibana
12 13 (0.75%) CloudForms
12 13 (0.75%) Prometheus
13 12 (0.69%) Marathon
13 12 (0.69%) Nagios
14 10 (0.58%) BladeLogic
14 10 (0.58%) ITRS Geneos
14 10 (0.58%) Rancher
Vendors
1 472 (27.20%) Microsoft
2 169 (9.74%) Oracle
3 124 (7.15%) VMware
4 94 (5.42%) Google
5 89 (5.13%) Red Hat
6 72 (4.15%) Cisco
7 56 (3.23%) Splunk
8 46 (2.65%) Dell
8 46 (2.65%) SAP
9 41 (2.36%) Citrix
10 40 (2.31%) IBM
11 37 (2.13%) F5
12 31 (1.79%) ServiceNow
13 28 (1.61%) CheckPoint
14 17 (0.98%) Qualys
15 16 (0.92%) HP
15 16 (0.92%) Tableau
16 15 (0.86%) AppDynamics
16 15 (0.86%) Remedy
16 15 (0.86%) Sitecore