Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 126 168 131
Rank change year-on-year +42 -37 +68
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,046 965 1,900
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.99% 1.61% 1.97%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.73% 5.33% 7.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 677 611 1,287
10th Percentile £400 £389 £408
25th Percentile £450 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £525 £530
Median % change year-on-year -0.95% -0.94% +0.95%
75th Percentile £619 £625 £625
90th Percentile £675 £702 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £516
% change year-on-year - -3.15% +3.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 2
10th Percentile £21.80 £48.80 £51.60
25th Percentile £41.63 £62.00 £54.00
Median hourly rate £59.50 £64.00 £58.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.03% +10.34% +5.45%
75th Percentile £62.81 £82.50 £62.00
90th Percentile £63.00 " £64.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £64.00 £66.00
% change year-on-year -37.50% -3.03% -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,250 18,115 26,348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.77% 30.24% 27.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,161 12,698 18,467
10th Percentile £313 £281 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £453
% change year-on-year - -0.56% +3.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 328 284 258
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.75 £11.00
25th Percentile £15.38 £16.25 £13.20
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -0.17%
75th Percentile £45.00 £35.19 £25.75
90th Percentile £60.48 £57.50 £48.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.08 £17.00
% change year-on-year +2.19% +12.25% +6.25%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 811 £520 -1.09% 364
London +33 454 £525 -4.55% 157
Work from Home -36 369 £528 +2.93% 76
UK excluding London +17 335 £500 - 228
South East +26 101 £470 -10.05% 49
North of England +13 72 £500 +1.01% 66
Midlands -2 54 £525 +3.70% 45
South West +55 47 £489 +2.36% 24
North West +13 41 £500 +5.82% 43
Scotland -31 40 £500 +17.65% 10
West Midlands -22 35 £550 +7.32% 33
Yorkshire +18 28 £475 -5.00% 17
East Midlands +40 15 £475 -5.00% 12
East of England +20 15 £550 - 22
Wales +16 6 £425 -10.53% 9
North East +15 3 £500 - 6
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 689 (65.87%) Azure
2 571 (54.59%) IaaS
3 460 (43.98%) DevOps
4 361 (34.51%) SaaS
5 347 (33.17%) AWS
6 315 (30.11%) Agile Software Development
7 285 (27.25%) Microsoft
8 283 (27.06%) Terraform
9 217 (20.75%) PowerShell
10 212 (20.27%) Kubernetes
11 201 (19.22%) Microservices
12 181 (17.30%) Docker
13 180 (17.21%) Linux
14 179 (17.11%) Python
15 173 (16.54%) Windows
16 169 (16.16%) Infrastructure as Code
17 168 (16.06%) .NET
18 167 (15.97%) SQL
19 163 (15.58%) Java
20 162 (15.49%) Ansible
21 159 (15.20%) Finance
22 156 (14.91%) Security Cleared
23 138 (13.19%) Git (software)
24 137 (13.10%) Jenkins
25 132 (12.62%) SC Cleared
25 132 (12.62%) Active Directory
26 122 (11.66%) C#
27 119 (11.38%) Migration
28 117 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
29 115 (10.99%) SQL Server

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (5.45%) SharePoint
2 46 (4.40%) Cloud Foundry
2 46 (4.40%) Confluence
3 36 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
4 21 (2.01%) Apache
5 18 (1.72%) Apache Airflow
5 18 (1.72%) nginx
6 16 (1.53%) JBoss
7 13 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 10 (0.96%) WebSphere
9 9 (0.86%) CMS
10 8 (0.76%) Apache Spark
10 8 (0.76%) Mule
11 7 (0.67%) IIS
11 7 (0.67%) Tomcat
12 6 (0.57%) Oracle Application Server
12 6 (0.57%) WordPress
13 5 (0.48%) MS Exchange
13 5 (0.48%) NetWeaver
13 5 (0.48%) WebLogic
Applications
1 14 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.48%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.38%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (0.86%) Oracle ERP
2 6 (0.57%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
3 4 (0.38%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
4 3 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 689 (65.87%) Azure
2 571 (54.59%) IaaS
3 361 (34.51%) SaaS
4 347 (33.17%) AWS
5 111 (10.61%) GCP
6 108 (10.33%) Serverless
7 98 (9.37%) Microsoft 365
8 76 (7.27%) Azure Active Directory
9 61 (5.83%) GitHub
10 50 (4.78%) Cloud Computing
11 48 (4.59%) OpenShift
12 40 (3.82%) Azure Functions
13 36 (3.44%) AWS CloudFormation
14 35 (3.35%) Power Platform
15 26 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
16 25 (2.39%) Amazon ECS
16 25 (2.39%) Amazon S3
16 25 (2.39%) Azure Data Factory
16 25 (2.39%) Boomi
17 23 (2.20%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 108 (10.33%) Firewall
2 55 (5.26%) DNS
2 55 (5.26%) WAN
3 42 (4.02%) VPN
4 39 (3.73%) Internet
5 35 (3.35%) Network Security
6 33 (3.15%) LAN
7 31 (2.96%) Wireless
8 20 (1.91%) TCP/IP
9 19 (1.82%) DHCP
10 15 (1.43%) VLAN
11 14 (1.34%) VoIP
12 13 (1.24%) Intranet
13 12 (1.15%) DMZ
13 12 (1.15%) SD-WAN
14 11 (1.05%) HTTP
14 11 (1.05%) Intrusion Detection
14 11 (1.05%) Multicast
15 10 (0.96%) MPLS
16 8 (0.76%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (10.99%) SQL Server
2 69 (6.60%) Azure SQL Database
2 69 (6.60%) Cosmos DB
3 38 (3.63%) NoSQL
4 36 (3.44%) Data Lake
4 36 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
5 33 (3.15%) Big Data
6 28 (2.68%) MongoDB
7 26 (2.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 26 (2.49%) BigQuery
8 25 (2.39%) Hadoop
9 23 (2.20%) Power BI
10 22 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
10 22 (2.10%) Relational Database
11 19 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
12 16 (1.53%) Amazon Redshift
12 16 (1.53%) Oracle Database
12 16 (1.53%) Redis
13 12 (1.15%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 11 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 138 (13.19%) Git (software)
2 137 (13.10%) Jenkins
3 75 (7.17%) JIRA
4 45 (4.30%) GitLab
5 40 (3.82%) Visual Studio
6 37 (3.54%) Maven
7 36 (3.44%) Sonatype Nexus
8 33 (3.15%) SonarQube
9 28 (2.68%) Gradle
10 27 (2.58%) TeamCity
11 25 (2.39%) Travis CI
12 24 (2.29%) Octopus Deploy
13 23 (2.20%) CircleCI
14 22 (2.10%) gulp
14 22 (2.10%) JUnit
15 21 (2.01%) Artifactory
15 21 (2.01%) IntelliJ
16 18 (1.72%) Bitbucket
17 16 (1.53%) Visual Studio Team System
18 15 (1.43%) Selenium
General
1 159 (15.20%) Finance
2 105 (10.04%) Public Sector
3 73 (6.98%) Banking
4 30 (2.87%) Manufacturing
5 28 (2.68%) Marketing
6 24 (2.29%) Telecoms
7 20 (1.91%) Electronics
8 15 (1.43%) Retail
9 12 (1.15%) Law
10 9 (0.86%) Billing
11 6 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.38%) Back Office
12 4 (0.38%) Legal
13 3 (0.29%) General Ledger
13 3 (0.29%) Local Government
14 2 (0.19%) Games
14 2 (0.19%) International Banking
14 2 (0.19%) Italian Language
14 2 (0.19%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.19%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 317 (30.31%) Architect
2 168 (16.06%) Developer
3 152 (14.53%) DevOps Engineer
4 133 (12.72%) Azure Engineer
5 105 (10.04%) Solutions Architect
6 100 (9.56%) Consultant
7 97 (9.27%) Azure Architect
8 96 (9.18%) Cloud Engineer
9 78 (7.46%) Cloud Architect
10 66 (6.31%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 51 (4.88%) Azure Consultant
12 46 (4.40%) Technical Architect
13 45 (4.30%) Cloud Consultant
14 42 (4.02%) .NET Developer
14 42 (4.02%) AWS Architect
15 38 (3.63%) Azure DevOps
16 36 (3.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 35 (3.35%) AWS Engineer
17 35 (3.35%) Azure Developer
18 32 (3.06%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (16.06%) .NET
2 111 (10.61%) REST
3 83 (7.93%) Web Services
4 76 (7.27%) .NET Core
5 69 (6.60%) HTML
6 66 (6.31%) CSS
7 65 (6.21%) Node.js
8 60 (5.74%) JSON
9 49 (4.68%) .NET Framework
10 47 (4.49%) React
10 47 (4.49%) Spring
11 45 (4.30%) AngularJS
12 39 (3.73%) Spring Boot
13 32 (3.06%) XML
13 32 (3.06%) YAML
14 31 (2.96%) Swagger
15 28 (2.68%) jQuery
15 28 (2.68%) RESTful
16 27 (2.58%) ASP.NET
17 26 (2.49%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 112 (10.71%) Public Cloud
2 98 (9.37%) Cloud Native
3 54 (5.16%) Hybrid Cloud
4 45 (4.30%) Data Centre
5 43 (4.11%) Analytical Skills
6 40 (3.82%) Enterprise Software
7 39 (3.73%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (2.87%) Management Information System
9 29 (2.77%) Enterprise Cloud
10 28 (2.68%) Private Cloud
11 25 (2.39%) Clustering
12 22 (2.10%) PKI
13 20 (1.91%) User Experience
14 16 (1.53%) Mobile App
14 16 (1.53%) N-Tier
15 14 (1.34%) Replication
16 13 (1.24%) Greenfield Project
16 13 (1.24%) iPad
17 12 (1.15%) Virtual Team
17 12 (1.15%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 180 (17.21%) Linux
2 173 (16.54%) Windows
3 47 (4.49%) Windows Server
4 41 (3.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (2.29%) Unix
6 17 (1.63%) Windows Server 2016
7 15 (1.43%) Windows 10
8 14 (1.34%) Android
8 14 (1.34%) Windows Server 2012
9 13 (1.24%) CentOS
9 13 (1.24%) Solaris
10 11 (1.05%) Apple iOS
10 11 (1.05%) VMS
11 9 (0.86%) AIX
11 9 (0.86%) Debian
12 7 (0.67%) SUSE
12 7 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.67%) Windows Server 2019
13 6 (0.57%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.38%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 460 (43.98%) DevOps
2 315 (30.11%) Agile Software Development
3 201 (19.22%) Microservices
4 169 (16.16%) Infrastructure as Code
5 119 (11.38%) Migration
6 117 (11.19%) Continuous Integration
7 112 (10.71%) Test Automation
8 100 (9.56%) Scrum
9 84 (8.03%) TDD
10 77 (7.36%) Software Engineering
11 76 (7.27%) SOA
12 75 (7.17%) Configuration Management
13 72 (6.88%) TOGAF
14 67 (6.41%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 63 (6.02%) Analytics
16 61 (5.83%) Mentoring
17 59 (5.64%) Technical Architecture
18 56 (5.35%) Deployment Automation
18 56 (5.35%) High Availability
18 56 (5.35%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 217 (20.75%) PowerShell
2 179 (17.11%) Python
3 167 (15.97%) SQL
4 163 (15.58%) Java
5 122 (11.66%) C#
6 97 (9.27%) JavaScript
7 76 (7.27%) Bash Shell
8 40 (3.82%) TypeScript
9 34 (3.25%) Ruby
10 27 (2.58%) Go
11 26 (2.49%) Kotlin
12 24 (2.29%) PHP
13 19 (1.82%) Groovy
13 19 (1.82%) Perl
14 15 (1.43%) Java 8
15 10 (0.96%) C
16 9 (0.86%) PL/SQL
16 9 (0.86%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.86%) T-SQL
17 8 (0.76%) Scala
Qualifications
1 156 (14.91%) Security Cleared
2 132 (12.62%) SC Cleared
3 33 (3.15%) Degree
4 24 (2.29%) Microsoft Certification
5 22 (2.10%) CISSP
6 18 (1.72%) CISM
7 15 (1.43%) AWS Certification
8 14 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (1.24%) CESG Certified Professional
10 10 (0.96%) CRISC
11 9 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
11 9 (0.86%) DV Cleared
12 7 (0.67%) Computer Science Degree
12 7 (0.67%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 6 (0.57%) CCNP
13 6 (0.57%) MCSE
13 6 (0.57%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.48%) CCNA
14 5 (0.48%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.29%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.06%) QA
2 28 (2.68%) NIST
3 23 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 18 (1.72%) GDPR
5 12 (1.15%) Data Quality
5 12 (1.15%) NCSC
6 11 (1.05%) Cyber Essentials
7 9 (0.86%) JSP 440
8 8 (0.76%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.67%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 6 (0.57%) COBIT
10 6 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.48%) HIPAA
11 5 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 5 (0.48%) SLA
12 4 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.29%) NIST 800
14 2 (0.19%) Basel III
15 1 (0.096%) PMO
15 1 (0.096%) PSD2
System Software
1 181 (17.30%) Docker
2 132 (12.62%) Active Directory
3 66 (6.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (4.02%) Hyper-V
5 33 (3.15%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.05%) Virtual Desktop
6 11 (1.05%) vSphere
7 7 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.57%) Xen
9 5 (0.48%) KVM
9 5 (0.48%) NFS
10 4 (0.38%) ProxySG
10 4 (0.38%) Snort
11 3 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.29%) SRDF
11 3 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.29%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.29%) VMware Workstation
11 3 (0.29%) XenApp
11 3 (0.29%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 283 (27.06%) Terraform
2 212 (20.27%) Kubernetes
3 162 (15.49%) Ansible
4 67 (6.41%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (4.59%) Puppet
6 29 (2.77%) Grafana
7 25 (2.39%) Microsoft Intune
8 22 (2.10%) Prometheus
9 18 (1.72%) Argo
9 18 (1.72%) Single Sign-On
10 17 (1.63%) SCCM
11 12 (1.15%) SCOM
12 11 (1.05%) Kibana
12 11 (1.05%) Packer
13 10 (0.96%) Consul
14 8 (0.76%) CASB
14 8 (0.76%) logstash
14 8 (0.76%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.48%) Control-M
15 5 (0.48%) SCSM
Vendors
1 285 (27.25%) Microsoft
2 110 (10.52%) Oracle
3 84 (8.03%) VMware
4 71 (6.79%) Google
5 49 (4.68%) Red Hat
5 49 (4.68%) SAP
6 46 (4.40%) Cisco
6 46 (4.40%) Splunk
7 34 (3.25%) Dell
8 30 (2.87%) ServiceNow
9 23 (2.20%) Databricks
10 22 (2.10%) IBM
11 19 (1.82%) Atlassian
12 17 (1.63%) MuleSoft
13 16 (1.53%) Veracode
14 14 (1.34%) Citrix
14 14 (1.34%) New Relic
14 14 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
15 12 (1.15%) EMC
16 11 (1.05%) BMC