Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 143 178 205
Rank change year-on-year +35 +27 +29
Contract jobs citing PaaS 596 1,282 1,433
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.85% 1.52% 1.38%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.87% 5.24% 5.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 465 804 966
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +2.44%
10th Percentile £400 £402 £400
90th Percentile £670 £713 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 31 2
Median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 £47.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -56.25% +68.71% +38.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 -
% change year-on-year -56.25% - -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,146 24,476 24,229
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.54% 29.03% 23.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,630 16,777 16,773
Median daily rate £500 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +3.26%
10th Percentile £310 £293 £305
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 410 336
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.42 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +63.40% +22.40% -10.83%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.13 £74.13 £56.88
Median hourly rate £22.66 £21.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +7.90% +20.00% -

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 495 £525 -4.55% 230
London +67 295 £538 -6.52% 95
UK excluding London -1 210 £525 - 139
Work from Home +11 162 £545 -9.17% 45
South East -17 69 £525 -2.33% 42
North of England +64 55 £525 +5.00% 33
Midlands +41 29 £438 -7.89% 20
Scotland +37 29 £475 -11.63% 4
Yorkshire +49 28 £475 -13.64% 11
North West +63 22 £550 +10.00% 19
South West +72 18 £575 +9.52% 26
East Midlands +47 15 £438 -17.45% 3
West Midlands +12 14 £425 -10.53% 17
East of England +69 11 £498 -10.36% 13
North East +23 4 £350 -6.67% 3
Wales +33 1 £500 - 1

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 372 (62.42%) Azure
2 321 (53.86%) IaaS
3 263 (44.13%) DevOps
4 217 (36.41%) SaaS
5 173 (29.03%) Agile Software Development
6 157 (26.34%) Microsoft
6 157 (26.34%) AWS
7 137 (22.99%) Windows
8 115 (19.30%) Jenkins
9 113 (18.96%) Security Cleared
10 111 (18.62%) Terraform
11 109 (18.29%) Linux
12 108 (18.12%) Kubernetes
13 106 (17.79%) Java
14 104 (17.45%) Oracle
15 103 (17.28%) Finance
16 99 (16.61%) Python
17 97 (16.28%) SC Cleared
18 90 (15.10%) SQL
19 86 (14.43%) GCP
20 81 (13.59%) Git (software)
21 78 (13.09%) Active Directory
21 78 (13.09%) Migration
22 75 (12.58%) Firewall
22 75 (12.58%) Microservices
23 74 (12.42%) Continuous Integration
24 72 (12.08%) Windows Server
25 71 (11.91%) Ansible
25 71 (11.91%) Docker
25 71 (11.91%) DNS

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (9.73%) Cloud Foundry
2 31 (5.20%) Confluence
3 29 (4.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 28 (4.70%) nginx
5 23 (3.86%) WebLogic
6 22 (3.69%) Mule
7 17 (2.85%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.34%) Apache
9 7 (1.17%) BizTalk Server
9 7 (1.17%) JBoss
9 7 (1.17%) Tomcat
9 7 (1.17%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.01%) CMS
10 6 (1.01%) NetWeaver
10 6 (1.01%) Skype for Business
11 4 (0.67%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (0.67%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.50%) SAS
13 2 (0.34%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 11 (1.85%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.67%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (1.34%) Oracle ERP
2 7 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.67%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.67%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.50%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.50%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.50%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.50%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.34%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.34%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle iRecruitment
6 1 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.17%) SAP Retail
6 1 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 372 (62.42%) Azure
2 321 (53.86%) IaaS
3 217 (36.41%) SaaS
4 157 (26.34%) AWS
5 86 (14.43%) GCP
6 55 (9.23%) Serverless
7 48 (8.05%) Office 365
8 40 (6.71%) GitHub
9 39 (6.54%) Azure Active Directory
10 29 (4.87%) Cloud Computing
10 29 (4.87%) npm
11 25 (4.19%) Azure Functions
12 24 (4.03%) Slack
13 21 (3.52%) Power Platform
14 20 (3.36%) OpenShift
15 19 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
15 19 (3.19%) Logic Apps
16 14 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
17 12 (2.01%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 11 (1.85%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 75 (12.58%) Firewall
2 71 (11.91%) DNS
3 62 (10.40%) VPN
4 39 (6.54%) DMZ
5 38 (6.38%) WAN
6 28 (4.70%) Internet
7 22 (3.69%) Wireless
8 20 (3.36%) TCP/IP
9 19 (3.19%) LAN
10 16 (2.68%) Network Security
11 15 (2.52%) DHCP
11 15 (2.52%) Skype
12 12 (2.01%) Intranet
12 12 (2.01%) SNMP
13 11 (1.85%) Kerberos
13 11 (1.85%) MPLS
14 9 (1.51%) HTTP
14 9 (1.51%) TACACS
15 8 (1.34%) SAN
15 8 (1.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (7.72%) Cosmos DB
2 43 (7.21%) Azure SQL Database
3 41 (6.88%) SQL Server
4 27 (4.53%) BigQuery
5 24 (4.03%) Big Data
6 21 (3.52%) Oracle ODI
7 17 (2.85%) Data Lake
8 15 (2.52%) NoSQL
8 15 (2.52%) Redis
9 14 (2.35%) Power BI
10 13 (2.18%) MongoDB
11 12 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
11 12 (2.01%) Relational Database
12 11 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
13 9 (1.51%) HDInsight
13 9 (1.51%) MySQL
14 8 (1.34%) RDBMS
14 8 (1.34%) SAP HANA
15 7 (1.17%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 7 (1.17%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 115 (19.30%) Jenkins
2 81 (13.59%) Git (software)
3 52 (8.72%) Maven
4 39 (6.54%) JIRA
5 32 (5.37%) gulp
6 31 (5.20%) CircleCI
6 31 (5.20%) Travis CI
7 30 (5.03%) Gradle
8 28 (4.70%) JUnit
9 25 (4.19%) Sonatype Nexus
10 22 (3.69%) Mockito
11 21 (3.52%) Android Studio
11 21 (3.52%) CocoaPods
11 21 (3.52%) Xcode
12 20 (3.36%) IntelliJ
12 20 (3.36%) Octopus Deploy
12 20 (3.36%) TeamCity
13 16 (2.68%) Bitbucket
14 15 (2.52%) Visual Studio Team System
15 14 (2.35%) Artifactory
General
1 103 (17.28%) Finance
2 67 (11.24%) Public Sector
3 42 (7.05%) Banking
4 16 (2.68%) Retail
5 13 (2.18%) Manufacturing
6 11 (1.85%) Pharmaceutical
6 11 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.34%) Marketing
8 6 (1.01%) Electronics
8 6 (1.01%) Investment Banking
9 5 (0.84%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.84%) Legal
10 4 (0.67%) Billing
10 4 (0.67%) Retail Finance
11 3 (0.50%) General Ledger
12 2 (0.34%) Games
12 2 (0.34%) Law
12 2 (0.34%) Local Government
12 2 (0.34%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.34%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 182 (30.54%) Architect
2 95 (15.94%) DevOps Engineer
3 76 (12.75%) Developer
4 73 (12.25%) Azure Engineer
5 47 (7.89%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 45 (7.55%) Solutions Architect
7 40 (6.71%) Azure Architect
7 40 (6.71%) Cloud Architect
8 34 (5.70%) Consultant
9 31 (5.20%) Azure DevOps
10 30 (5.03%) Cloud Engineer
11 28 (4.70%) Technical Architect
12 24 (4.03%) Senior Developer
13 22 (3.69%) Cloud Developer
13 22 (3.69%) Enterprise Architect
14 20 (3.36%) Data Architect
15 19 (3.19%) Infrastructure Architect
15 19 (3.19%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 17 (2.85%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 15 (2.52%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 62 (10.40%) Node.js
2 60 (10.07%) REST
3 59 (9.90%) .NET
4 50 (8.39%) Oracle Fusion
5 47 (7.89%) JSON
6 36 (6.04%) Spring
7 34 (5.70%) Web Services
8 31 (5.20%) React
9 28 (4.70%) Middleware
9 28 (4.70%) RESTful
9 28 (4.70%) SAML
9 28 (4.70%) Spring Boot
10 23 (3.86%) .NET Core
11 22 (3.69%) WireMock
12 20 (3.36%) HTML
13 17 (2.85%) .NET Framework
14 15 (2.52%) CSS
14 15 (2.52%) XML
15 14 (2.35%) SOAP
16 13 (2.18%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 56 (9.40%) Public Cloud
2 36 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
3 35 (5.87%) Data Centre
4 32 (5.37%) Hybrid Cloud
5 26 (4.36%) Mobile App
5 26 (4.36%) PKI
6 20 (3.36%) Cloud Native
6 20 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
7 18 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
8 16 (2.68%) User Experience
9 14 (2.35%) Clustering
9 14 (2.35%) Credit Risk
9 14 (2.35%) Enterprise Cloud
10 10 (1.68%) Client/Server
10 10 (1.68%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 10 (1.68%) iPad
11 9 (1.51%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (1.34%) Augmented Reality
13 7 (1.17%) Management Information System
14 5 (0.84%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 137 (22.99%) Windows
2 109 (18.29%) Linux
3 72 (12.08%) Windows Server
4 27 (4.53%) Unix
5 23 (3.86%) Android
5 23 (3.86%) Apple iOS
5 23 (3.86%) Windows Server 2016
6 22 (3.69%) Windows Server 2012
7 18 (3.02%) Windows Server 2019
8 15 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (2.35%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (2.01%) Windows 10
11 9 (1.51%) Solaris
12 7 (1.17%) CentOS
13 5 (0.84%) AIX
14 4 (0.67%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.67%) VMS
15 3 (0.50%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.34%) Oracle Linux
17 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 263 (44.13%) DevOps
2 173 (29.03%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (13.09%) Migration
4 75 (12.58%) Microservices
5 74 (12.42%) Continuous Integration
6 66 (11.07%) Infrastructure as Code
7 60 (10.07%) Test Automation
8 50 (8.39%) Scrum
9 49 (8.22%) SOA
10 45 (7.55%) Business Intelligence
10 45 (7.55%) Mentoring
11 43 (7.21%) Continuous Delivery
12 42 (7.05%) TOGAF
13 41 (6.88%) Open Source
13 41 (6.88%) TDD
14 40 (6.71%) Analytics
15 39 (6.54%) High Availability
16 38 (6.38%) Kanban
17 36 (6.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 36 (6.04%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 106 (17.79%) Java
2 99 (16.61%) Python
3 90 (15.10%) SQL
4 69 (11.58%) PowerShell
5 46 (7.72%) C#
6 36 (6.04%) Shell Script
7 34 (5.70%) C
7 34 (5.70%) Groovy
8 31 (5.20%) Bash Shell
9 30 (5.03%) JavaScript
10 24 (4.03%) Kotlin
11 22 (3.69%) Java 8
12 21 (3.52%) Apple Swift
13 10 (1.68%) Scala
14 9 (1.51%) PL/SQL
15 7 (1.17%) R
15 7 (1.17%) Ruby
15 7 (1.17%) TypeScript
16 5 (0.84%) T-SQL
17 4 (0.67%) Go
Qualifications
1 113 (18.96%) Security Cleared
2 97 (16.28%) SC Cleared
3 27 (4.53%) DV Cleared
4 21 (3.52%) Microsoft Certification
5 19 (3.19%) CISSP
6 15 (2.52%) TOGAF Certification
7 12 (2.01%) AWS Certification
7 12 (2.01%) Degree
8 7 (1.17%) CISM
8 7 (1.17%) MCSE
9 5 (0.84%) CISA
9 5 (0.84%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.67%) CCNA
10 4 (0.67%) CESG Certified Professional
10 4 (0.67%) CRISC
10 4 (0.67%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.67%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 3 (0.50%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 3 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.50%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.02%) NIST
2 14 (2.35%) QA
3 12 (2.01%) GDPR
4 10 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (1.51%) PCI DSS
6 6 (1.01%) COBIT
6 6 (1.01%) Cyber Essentials
6 6 (1.01%) NCSC
7 4 (0.67%) JSP 440
7 4 (0.67%) SLA
8 3 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.34%) Basel III
9 2 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.34%) PMO
9 2 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.17%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.17%) PSD2
System Software
1 78 (13.09%) Active Directory
2 71 (11.91%) Docker
3 53 (8.89%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (4.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (2.01%) Hyper-V
6 10 (1.68%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.84%) vSphere
8 4 (0.67%) Gluster
8 4 (0.67%) KVM
8 4 (0.67%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.50%) LXC
9 3 (0.50%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.50%) Xen
10 2 (0.34%) NFS
10 2 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.34%) vCloud
10 2 (0.34%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.17%) UAG
11 1 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.17%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 111 (18.62%) Terraform
2 108 (18.12%) Kubernetes
3 71 (11.91%) Ansible
4 36 (6.04%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (5.37%) Single Sign-On
6 27 (4.53%) Argo
7 20 (3.36%) SCCM
8 16 (2.68%) Microsoft Intune
9 14 (2.35%) Grafana
10 13 (2.18%) Puppet
11 8 (1.34%) Kibana
11 8 (1.34%) Nessus
12 7 (1.17%) Microsoft Clustering
12 7 (1.17%) Prometheus
12 7 (1.17%) Red Hat Satellite
13 5 (0.84%) BladeLogic
13 5 (0.84%) CASB
14 4 (0.67%) Consul
14 4 (0.67%) WSUS
15 3 (0.50%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 157 (26.34%) Microsoft
2 104 (17.45%) Oracle
3 65 (10.91%) Google
4 54 (9.06%) Splunk
5 32 (5.37%) VMware
6 26 (4.36%) Databricks
7 25 (4.19%) Cisco
8 24 (4.03%) AppDynamics
9 17 (2.85%) SAP
9 17 (2.85%) ServiceNow
10 15 (2.52%) Palo Alto
10 15 (2.52%) Red Hat
11 10 (1.68%) Fortinet
12 9 (1.51%) Atlassian
12 9 (1.51%) Informatica
13 8 (1.34%) Citrix
14 7 (1.17%) SolarWinds
15 6 (1.01%) IBM
15 6 (1.01%) SaltStack
16 5 (0.84%) HP