Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 216 236 315
Rank change year-on-year +20 +79 +283
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,348 1,010 870
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.29% 1.06% 0.79%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.23% 7.59% 8.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 902 670 627
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +9.89%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £375
90th Percentile £680 £725 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £500 £465
% change year-on-year -2.50% +7.53% +5.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 1
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £65.00 £47.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.38% +37.57% -5.50%
10th Percentile £52.50 £40.49 £46.13
90th Percentile £57.50 £65.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £65.00 -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 21,627 13,304 10,608
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.76% 13.97% 9.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,786 9,106 7,390
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +10.43%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +4.12% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 193 167
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £19.00 £19.00
10th Percentile £11.75 £10.96 £11.66
90th Percentile £58.75 £59.80 £46.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £15.89
% change year-on-year - +10.11% -20.54%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 1,245 £513 -4.65% 324
UK excluding London +47 711 £488 -2.50% 189
London -1 612 £550 - 151
South East +28 280 £500 - 80
North of England +35 162 £475 -15.56% 43
Midlands +40 135 £475 -7.77% 31
West Midlands +16 94 £475 -9.52% 24
North West +12 89 £475 -17.39% 22
Scotland -4 77 £575 +27.78% 12
Yorkshire +4 54 £450 -10.00% 19
East Midlands +20 38 £450 -12.62% 7
South West +3 34 £488 +21.88% 12
East of England -22 21 £550 +6.80% 6
North East - 21 £475 - 2
Wales -4 9 £550 +4.76%
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 5

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 768 (56.97%) Microsoft Azure
2 723 (53.64%) IaaS
3 548 (40.65%) Agile Software Development
4 514 (38.13%) DevOps
5 493 (36.57%) SaaS
6 487 (36.13%) Amazon AWS
7 398 (29.53%) Microsoft
8 307 (22.77%) Finance
9 290 (21.51%) Java
10 273 (20.25%) Linux
11 269 (19.96%) Windows
12 260 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
13 258 (19.14%) Jenkins
14 234 (17.36%) Docker
15 227 (16.84%) SQL
16 195 (14.47%) Python
16 195 (14.47%) Git (software)
17 179 (13.28%) Ansible
18 164 (12.17%) .NET
18 164 (12.17%) JavaScript
18 164 (12.17%) SQL Server
19 162 (12.02%) Microservices
20 160 (11.87%) Scrum
21 155 (11.50%) Migration
21 155 (11.50%) JSON
22 149 (11.05%) Kubernetes
23 146 (10.83%) PowerShell
24 140 (10.39%) Puppet
25 137 (10.16%) Open Source
26 135 (10.01%) Continuous Delivery

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (9.50%) Cloud Foundry
2 49 (3.64%) Apache
2 49 (3.64%) OpenStack
3 48 (3.56%) nginx
4 41 (3.04%) Tomcat
5 27 (2.00%) Apache Spark
6 26 (1.93%) Confluence
7 24 (1.78%) BizTalk Server
8 22 (1.63%) CMS
9 18 (1.34%) IIS
9 18 (1.34%) JBoss
9 18 (1.34%) WebSphere
10 17 (1.26%) SharePoint
11 12 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
11 12 (0.89%) GemFire
11 12 (0.89%) MS Exchange
12 11 (0.82%) Skype for Business
13 10 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.74%) WebLogic
14 9 (0.67%) SAS
Applications
1 17 (1.26%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.37%) SOLIDWORKS
4 4 (0.30%) HipChat
5 3 (0.22%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 15 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.52%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.37%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 3 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.22%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 3 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.22%) WebTrends
7 2 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 2 (0.15%) Magento
7 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.074%) Infor M3
Cloud Services
1 768 (56.97%) Microsoft Azure
2 723 (53.64%) IaaS
3 493 (36.57%) SaaS
4 487 (36.13%) Amazon AWS
5 96 (7.12%) OpenShift
6 89 (6.60%) Office 365
7 55 (4.08%) Cloud Computing
8 51 (3.78%) Azure Active Directory
9 46 (3.41%) GitHub
10 43 (3.19%) Serverless
11 41 (3.04%) npm
12 40 (2.97%) Google Cloud Platform
13 33 (2.45%) AWS CloudFormation
14 27 (2.00%) Azure Data Factory
15 24 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 23 (1.71%) Dynamics 365
17 21 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
18 20 (1.48%) Amazon S3
19 19 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
19 19 (1.41%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 111 (8.23%) Firewall
2 57 (4.23%) DNS
3 51 (3.78%) VPN
4 48 (3.56%) Network Security
5 36 (2.67%) WAN
6 29 (2.15%) LAN
7 28 (2.08%) HTTP
7 28 (2.08%) TCP/IP
8 25 (1.85%) SAN
9 21 (1.56%) DHCP
10 19 (1.41%) Internet
11 17 (1.26%) Software-Defined Networking
12 12 (0.89%) Wireless
12 12 (0.89%) WLAN
13 11 (0.82%) BGP
13 11 (0.82%) Kerberos
13 11 (0.82%) SSL
14 10 (0.74%) Unified Communications
15 9 (0.67%) Cisco ASA
16 8 (0.59%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (12.17%) SQL Server
2 77 (5.71%) MongoDB
3 74 (5.49%) Azure SQL Database
4 66 (4.90%) Big Data
5 65 (4.82%) Data Warehouse
6 49 (3.64%) Cosmos DB
6 49 (3.64%) NoSQL
7 45 (3.34%) Hadoop
8 44 (3.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 41 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
10 40 (2.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 39 (2.89%) Power BI
12 38 (2.82%) Data Lake
13 36 (2.67%) MySQL
14 28 (2.08%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 27 (2.00%) Amazon RDS
15 27 (2.00%) HBase
15 27 (2.00%) Relational Database
16 25 (1.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 24 (1.78%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 258 (19.14%) Jenkins
2 195 (14.47%) Git (software)
3 98 (7.27%) Visual Studio Team System
4 79 (5.86%) Visual Studio
5 73 (5.42%) JIRA
6 66 (4.90%) Maven
7 57 (4.23%) Subversion
8 53 (3.93%) Team Foundation Server
9 49 (3.64%) Travis CI
10 47 (3.49%) IBM UrbanCode
11 43 (3.19%) TeamCity
12 40 (2.97%) Gradle
13 38 (2.82%) gulp
14 35 (2.60%) Sonatype Nexus
15 34 (2.52%) Bitbucket
16 32 (2.37%) Mercurial
17 30 (2.23%) Cucumber
18 29 (2.15%) Sublime Text
19 28 (2.08%) CircleCI
20 25 (1.85%) Selenium
General
1 307 (22.77%) Finance
2 75 (5.56%) Banking
3 51 (3.78%) Retail
4 33 (2.45%) Marketing
5 32 (2.37%) Telecoms
6 17 (1.26%) Financial Institution
6 17 (1.26%) Legal
7 13 (0.96%) Manufacturing
8 11 (0.82%) Automotive
8 11 (0.82%) Law
8 11 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
9 9 (0.67%) Back Office
9 9 (0.67%) Billing
9 9 (0.67%) Retail Banking
10 8 (0.59%) Advertising
11 7 (0.52%) Games
12 5 (0.37%) Electronics
13 4 (0.30%) Front Office
13 4 (0.30%) Publishing
14 3 (0.22%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 375 (27.82%) Architect
2 246 (18.25%) Developer
3 221 (16.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 132 (9.79%) Cloud Architect
5 107 (7.94%) Azure Architect
6 104 (7.72%) Azure Engineer
7 101 (7.49%) Solutions Architect
8 79 (5.86%) Consultant
9 73 (5.42%) Cloud Engineer
10 63 (4.67%) Azure DevOps
11 56 (4.15%) Security Architect
12 51 (3.78%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 49 (3.64%) AWS Engineer
13 49 (3.64%) Technical Architect
14 47 (3.49%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 44 (3.26%) AWS Architect
15 44 (3.26%) Senior Developer
16 42 (3.12%) Azure Consultant
17 40 (2.97%) Applications Developer
17 40 (2.97%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (12.17%) .NET
2 155 (11.50%) JSON
3 111 (8.23%) Web Services
4 101 (7.49%) AngularJS
5 90 (6.68%) Node.js
6 88 (6.53%) REST
7 71 (5.27%) Middleware
8 65 (4.82%) RESTful
9 64 (4.75%) Spring
10 61 (4.53%) HTML
11 50 (3.71%) CSS
12 49 (3.64%) React
13 46 (3.41%) Kafka
13 46 (3.41%) OAuth
14 37 (2.74%) XML
15 34 (2.52%) jQuery
16 33 (2.45%) OAuth2
16 33 (2.45%) SOAP
17 32 (2.37%) OpenID
18 30 (2.23%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 112 (8.31%) Public Cloud
2 89 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
3 69 (5.12%) Data Centre
4 59 (4.38%) User Experience
5 53 (3.93%) Hybrid Cloud
6 51 (3.78%) Mobile App
7 47 (3.49%) Management Information System
8 38 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
9 35 (2.60%) Computer Science
10 33 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
11 26 (1.93%) Private Cloud
12 25 (1.85%) Virtual Team
13 23 (1.71%) Cloud Native
14 22 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
15 20 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
16 15 (1.11%) Fintech
16 15 (1.11%) PKI
17 13 (0.96%) Clustering
17 13 (0.96%) Enterprise Cloud
18 11 (0.82%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 273 (20.25%) Linux
2 269 (19.96%) Windows
3 100 (7.42%) Windows Server
4 84 (6.23%) Unix
5 74 (5.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 48 (3.56%) Windows Server 2012
7 42 (3.12%) Apple iOS
8 32 (2.37%) Android
9 28 (2.08%) Windows 10
10 24 (1.78%) Windows Server 2008
11 20 (1.48%) VMS
12 14 (1.04%) Windows XP
13 11 (0.82%) AIX
14 9 (0.67%) Windows 8
15 7 (0.52%) CentOS
15 7 (0.52%) Ubuntu
15 7 (0.52%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.37%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.37%) Solaris
17 3 (0.22%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 548 (40.65%) Agile Software Development
2 514 (38.13%) DevOps
3 260 (19.29%) Continuous Integration
4 162 (12.02%) Microservices
5 160 (11.87%) Scrum
6 155 (11.50%) Migration
7 137 (10.16%) Open Source
8 135 (10.01%) Continuous Delivery
9 118 (8.75%) ITIL
10 111 (8.23%) Configuration Management
11 99 (7.34%) Project Management
11 99 (7.34%) TDD
12 98 (7.27%) Analytics
12 98 (7.27%) Test Automation
13 74 (5.49%) Kanban
14 72 (5.34%) Data Modelling
15 71 (5.27%) Problem-Solving
16 67 (4.97%) Stakeholder Management
17 66 (4.90%) Service Management
18 65 (4.82%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 290 (21.51%) Java
2 227 (16.84%) SQL
3 195 (14.47%) Python
4 164 (12.17%) JavaScript
5 146 (10.83%) PowerShell
6 130 (9.64%) C#
7 101 (7.49%) Ruby
8 68 (5.04%) Bash Shell
9 64 (4.75%) Go
10 47 (3.49%) Groovy
11 41 (3.04%) T-SQL
12 32 (2.37%) Perl
12 32 (2.37%) Shell Script
13 28 (2.08%) JSX
14 22 (1.63%) C
14 22 (1.63%) C++
14 22 (1.63%) TypeScript
15 21 (1.56%) PHP
16 20 (1.48%) Java 8
17 15 (1.11%) Scala
Qualifications
1 117 (8.68%) Security Cleared
2 80 (5.93%) Degree
3 79 (5.86%) SC Cleared
4 60 (4.45%) CISSP
5 49 (3.64%) Cisco Certification
6 48 (3.56%) CISM
7 41 (3.04%) CCNP
8 27 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
9 26 (1.93%) CISA
10 25 (1.85%) CCIE
11 23 (1.71%) CCDP
11 23 (1.71%) TOGAF Certification
12 22 (1.63%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 22 (1.63%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 20 (1.48%) Chartered Engineer
14 14 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
15 13 (0.96%) AWS Certification
16 12 (0.89%) CEH
17 10 (0.74%) PgMP
17 10 (0.74%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.00%) QA
2 20 (1.48%) GCP
3 15 (1.11%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.82%) GDPR
4 11 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.82%) SLA
5 9 (0.67%) GxP
5 9 (0.67%) HIPAA
5 9 (0.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.52%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.37%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 5 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.37%) GLP
7 5 (0.37%) GMP
7 5 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.15%) HAZOP
8 2 (0.15%) PMO
9 1 (0.074%) FedRAMP
9 1 (0.074%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.074%) PSD2
System Software
1 234 (17.36%) Docker
2 131 (9.72%) Active Directory
3 64 (4.75%) Virtual Machines
4 57 (4.23%) Hyper-V
5 49 (3.64%) VMware Infrastructure
6 25 (1.85%) HDFS
7 22 (1.63%) Microsoft App-V
8 21 (1.56%) XenApp
9 17 (1.26%) VMware ESXi
10 14 (1.04%) Oracle RAC
11 13 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 10 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (0.74%) XenDesktop
13 6 (0.45%) vSphere
14 5 (0.37%) NFS
14 5 (0.37%) XenServer
15 4 (0.30%) BitLocker
15 4 (0.30%) KVM
16 2 (0.15%) iptables
16 2 (0.15%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 179 (13.28%) Ansible
2 149 (11.05%) Kubernetes
3 140 (10.39%) Puppet
4 130 (9.64%) Opscode Chef
5 95 (7.05%) Terraform
6 28 (2.08%) SCCM
7 22 (1.63%) Salt
7 22 (1.63%) WSUS
8 15 (1.11%) SCOM
9 14 (1.04%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.89%) Microsoft Intune
11 11 (0.82%) Data Guard
12 9 (0.67%) Sysdig
13 8 (0.59%) Failover Clustering
13 8 (0.59%) McAfee ePO
13 8 (0.59%) Nagios
14 7 (0.52%) StackStorm
15 6 (0.45%) HockeyApp
15 6 (0.45%) logstash
15 6 (0.45%) Oozie
Vendors
1 398 (29.53%) Microsoft
2 117 (8.68%) VMware
3 101 (7.49%) Oracle
4 73 (5.42%) Red Hat
5 56 (4.15%) Google
6 55 (4.08%) IBM
7 52 (3.86%) Cisco
8 40 (2.97%) Splunk
9 37 (2.74%) Citrix
10 26 (1.93%) ServiceNow
11 24 (1.78%) SAP
12 21 (1.56%) Tableau
13 19 (1.41%) AppDynamics
13 19 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
14 17 (1.26%) HP
15 16 (1.19%) Informatica
16 15 (1.11%) Cloudera
17 14 (1.04%) MuleSoft
17 14 (1.04%) New Relic
18 13 (0.96%) Capita