Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 189 234 234
Rank change year-on-year +45 0 +331
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,510 1,159 1,163
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.13% 1.10%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.30% 6.94% 9.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 757 846
UK median daily rate £525 £501 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.90% +0.10% -
10th Percentile £400 £370 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 1
UK median hourly rate £47.42 £34.36 £47.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.00% -27.28% -
10th Percentile £37.17 £34.36 £46.13
90th Percentile £60.15 £34.36 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,979 16,704 12,433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.98% 16.21% 11.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,577 11,575 8,545
UK median daily rate £485 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.19% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £303 £270 £275
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 226 184
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.31 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.39% +7.29% -17.51%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.13 £11.69
90th Percentile £58.00 £58.75 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.03
% change year-on-year -2.78% +5.70% -25.96%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +49 1,380 £525 +4.90% 299
London +72 740 £550 - 124
UK excluding London +16 736 £500 - 191
South East -3 287 £500 - 65
North of England +24 159 £550 +10.00% 45
Midlands +21 120 £500 +3.36% 24
Scotland +50 105 £700 +33.33% 8
West Midlands -3 90 £533 +12.11% 18
North West +4 76 £650 +11.64% 26
Yorkshire -5 62 £525 +7.69% 15
South West -6 57 £451 +2.97% 31
East Midlands +23 30 £600 +15.38% 6
East of England -8 24 £510 -2.39% 11
North East +13 21 £445 -6.32% 4
Wales -45 13 £550 +4.76% 4
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 4

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 925 (61.26%) IaaS
2 891 (59.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 603 (39.93%) Agile Software Development
4 553 (36.62%) DevOps
5 541 (35.83%) SaaS
6 468 (30.99%) Amazon AWS
7 447 (29.60%) Microsoft
8 342 (22.65%) Windows
9 320 (21.19%) Linux
10 294 (19.47%) Finance
11 276 (18.28%) SQL
12 270 (17.88%) Jenkins
13 267 (17.68%) Java
14 256 (16.95%) Docker
15 231 (15.30%) PowerShell
16 220 (14.57%) Python
17 212 (14.04%) Ansible
18 202 (13.38%) Scrum
19 201 (13.31%) Active Directory
20 199 (13.18%) SQL Server
21 195 (12.91%) Git (software)
22 190 (12.58%) Migration
23 189 (12.52%) Kubernetes
24 181 (11.99%) Firewall
24 181 (11.99%) Security Cleared
25 171 (11.32%) Public Cloud
26 168 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
27 166 (10.99%) Puppet
28 161 (10.66%) Oracle
29 159 (10.53%) .NET

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (8.08%) Cloud Foundry
2 65 (4.30%) nginx
3 59 (3.91%) Confluence
4 58 (3.84%) SharePoint
5 55 (3.64%) OpenStack
6 35 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
7 34 (2.25%) WebLogic
8 32 (2.12%) IIS
9 29 (1.92%) Apache
10 28 (1.85%) Apache Spark
11 27 (1.79%) Tomcat
12 24 (1.59%) CMS
13 18 (1.19%) BizTalk Server
13 18 (1.19%) Skype for Business
14 17 (1.13%) JBoss
14 17 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 14 (0.93%) Oracle Service Bus
16 11 (0.73%) MS Exchange
16 11 (0.73%) WebSphere
17 9 (0.60%) WordPress
Applications
1 34 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.13%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
5 3 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.13%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 27 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.86%) Remedy ITSM
3 6 (0.40%) Oracle ERP
4 5 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.26%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 3 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.20%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.13%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.13%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.066%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.066%) Oracle EBS R12
8 1 (0.066%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.066%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.066%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 925 (61.26%) IaaS
2 891 (59.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 541 (35.83%) SaaS
4 468 (30.99%) Amazon AWS
5 147 (9.74%) Office 365
6 104 (6.89%) Azure Active Directory
7 82 (5.43%) OpenShift
8 77 (5.10%) Serverless
9 72 (4.77%) Google Cloud Platform
10 63 (4.17%) Cloud Computing
11 59 (3.91%) AWS CloudFormation
12 51 (3.38%) npm
13 38 (2.52%) Azure Data Factory
13 38 (2.52%) GitHub
14 37 (2.45%) Dynamics 365
15 30 (1.99%) Heroku
16 27 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
17 26 (1.72%) Azure Functions
18 24 (1.59%) Datadog
19 23 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 181 (11.99%) Firewall
2 75 (4.97%) DNS
3 58 (3.84%) VPN
4 44 (2.91%) TCP/IP
5 41 (2.72%) SSL
6 37 (2.45%) Network Security
7 34 (2.25%) SAN
8 33 (2.19%) HTTP
8 33 (2.19%) WAN
9 28 (1.85%) LAN
10 20 (1.32%) NetScaler
11 18 (1.19%) Cisco ASA
12 17 (1.13%) Internet
12 17 (1.13%) Intrusion Detection
13 16 (1.06%) Wireless
14 15 (0.99%) Skype
15 13 (0.86%) ICMP
16 12 (0.79%) WLAN
17 10 (0.66%) DHCP
18 9 (0.60%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 199 (13.18%) SQL Server
2 87 (5.76%) Azure SQL Database
3 80 (5.30%) MongoDB
4 74 (4.90%) Big Data
4 74 (4.90%) NoSQL
5 70 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
6 63 (4.17%) Data Warehouse
7 59 (3.91%) Hadoop
8 52 (3.44%) Data Lake
8 52 (3.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 43 (2.85%) Relational Database
10 42 (2.78%) Power BI
11 35 (2.32%) Redis
12 34 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
13 33 (2.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 33 (2.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 31 (2.05%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 29 (1.92%) MySQL
16 26 (1.72%) Microsoft Analysis Services
17 24 (1.59%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 270 (17.88%) Jenkins
2 195 (12.91%) Git (software)
3 135 (8.94%) Visual Studio Team System
4 95 (6.29%) Maven
5 94 (6.23%) JIRA
6 73 (4.83%) Visual Studio
7 66 (4.37%) IBM UrbanCode
8 58 (3.84%) Travis CI
9 56 (3.71%) CircleCI
9 56 (3.71%) Gradle
10 51 (3.38%) TeamCity
11 50 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
12 48 (3.18%) Octopus Deploy
13 46 (3.05%) gulp
14 44 (2.91%) Bitbucket
15 42 (2.78%) Selenium
16 32 (2.12%) Artifactory
17 29 (1.92%) GitLab
18 28 (1.85%) Cucumber
19 27 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 294 (19.47%) Finance
2 110 (7.28%) Banking
3 51 (3.38%) Retail
4 36 (2.38%) Law
4 36 (2.38%) Telecoms
5 23 (1.52%) Financial Institution
6 19 (1.26%) Legal
7 18 (1.19%) Manufacturing
8 13 (0.86%) Billing
8 13 (0.86%) Marketing
9 7 (0.46%) Games
10 6 (0.40%) Advertising
11 5 (0.33%) Aerospace
11 5 (0.33%) Electronics
11 5 (0.33%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.26%) Publishing
13 3 (0.20%) Automotive
13 3 (0.20%) Back Office
14 2 (0.13%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 432 (28.61%) Architect
2 289 (19.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 246 (16.29%) Developer
4 140 (9.27%) Azure Architect
5 138 (9.14%) Azure Engineer
6 116 (7.68%) Solutions Architect
7 110 (7.28%) Cloud Architect
8 98 (6.49%) Azure DevOps
9 91 (6.03%) Consultant
10 77 (5.10%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 72 (4.77%) Cloud Engineer
11 72 (4.77%) Technical Architect
12 56 (3.71%) Infrastructure Architect
13 54 (3.58%) AWS Engineer
14 53 (3.51%) Java Developer
15 52 (3.44%) Analyst
16 48 (3.18%) Azure Developer
17 42 (2.78%) Security Architect
18 39 (2.58%) AWS Architect
19 38 (2.52%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 159 (10.53%) .NET
2 136 (9.01%) JSON
3 105 (6.95%) Node.js
4 84 (5.56%) Web Services
5 82 (5.43%) REST
5 82 (5.43%) RESTful
6 68 (4.50%) Middleware
7 67 (4.44%) OAuth
8 63 (4.17%) AngularJS
9 58 (3.84%) Spring
10 47 (3.11%) CSS
11 46 (3.05%) HTML
11 46 (3.05%) SOAP
12 44 (2.91%) React
13 42 (2.78%) ASP.NET
13 42 (2.78%) jQuery
13 42 (2.78%) SAML
14 38 (2.52%) OAuth2
15 34 (2.25%) Kafka
16 33 (2.19%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 171 (11.32%) Public Cloud
2 68 (4.50%) Hybrid Cloud
3 62 (4.11%) Analytical Skills
4 60 (3.97%) Data Centre
5 59 (3.91%) Management Information System
6 48 (3.18%) User Experience
7 42 (2.78%) Mobile App
8 39 (2.58%) Private Cloud
9 37 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
9 37 (2.45%) PKI
10 35 (2.32%) Greenfield Project
11 31 (2.05%) Cloud Native
12 29 (1.92%) Computer Science
13 20 (1.32%) Fintech
14 19 (1.26%) Data Structures
15 18 (1.19%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 17 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
17 16 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 13 (0.86%) Virtual Team
19 11 (0.73%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 342 (22.65%) Windows
2 320 (21.19%) Linux
3 133 (8.81%) Windows Server
4 105 (6.95%) Unix
5 101 (6.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 56 (3.71%) Windows Server 2012
7 38 (2.52%) Windows 10
8 25 (1.66%) Apple iOS
9 18 (1.19%) AIX
9 18 (1.19%) VMS
10 15 (0.99%) Android
11 14 (0.93%) Windows XP
12 13 (0.86%) Ubuntu
13 12 (0.79%) CentOS
13 12 (0.79%) Windows Server 2003
14 9 (0.60%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.40%) Solaris
15 6 (0.40%) Windows 8
16 4 (0.26%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 603 (39.93%) Agile Software Development
2 553 (36.62%) DevOps
3 202 (13.38%) Scrum
4 190 (12.58%) Migration
5 168 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
6 149 (9.87%) Open Source
7 139 (9.21%) Microservices
8 130 (8.61%) Continuous Delivery
9 129 (8.54%) Analytics
10 109 (7.22%) ITIL
11 103 (6.82%) Test Automation
12 96 (6.36%) TDD
13 95 (6.29%) Kanban
14 91 (6.03%) Configuration Management
15 85 (5.63%) Business Intelligence
16 77 (5.10%) Service Management
17 75 (4.97%) Problem-Solving
17 75 (4.97%) Waterfall
18 74 (4.90%) Disaster Recovery
19 72 (4.77%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 276 (18.28%) SQL
2 267 (17.68%) Java
3 231 (15.30%) PowerShell
4 220 (14.57%) Python
5 142 (9.40%) JavaScript
6 124 (8.21%) C#
7 69 (4.57%) Bash Shell
7 69 (4.57%) Ruby
8 60 (3.97%) Groovy
9 56 (3.71%) Shell Script
10 49 (3.25%) Go
11 42 (2.78%) Perl
12 38 (2.52%) C
13 36 (2.38%) Java 8
14 28 (1.85%) T-SQL
15 21 (1.39%) R
16 16 (1.06%) PL/SQL
17 15 (0.99%) C++
17 15 (0.99%) PHP
18 14 (0.93%) Scala
Qualifications
1 181 (11.99%) Security Cleared
2 132 (8.74%) SC Cleared
3 63 (4.17%) Degree
4 29 (1.92%) Cisco Certification
5 26 (1.72%) CISSP
6 25 (1.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 17 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
7 17 (1.13%) MCSE
8 15 (0.99%) CCNA
9 14 (0.93%) CISM
10 13 (0.86%) AWS Certification
11 12 (0.79%) CCNP
12 11 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
13 9 (0.60%) CEH
13 9 (0.60%) MCITP
13 9 (0.60%) TOGAF Certification
13 9 (0.60%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 8 (0.53%) CCIE
15 7 (0.46%) CCDP
15 7 (0.46%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (1.85%) QA
2 17 (1.13%) GDPR
2 17 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (0.73%) HIPAA
3 11 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 10 (0.66%) FedRAMP
4 10 (0.66%) SLA
5 9 (0.60%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.53%) PMO
7 5 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.26%) Government Security Classifications
9 3 (0.20%) WCAG
10 1 (0.066%) COBIT
10 1 (0.066%) GxP
10 1 (0.066%) HAZOP
10 1 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 256 (16.95%) Docker
2 201 (13.31%) Active Directory
3 92 (6.09%) Virtual Machines
4 68 (4.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 54 (3.58%) Hyper-V
6 20 (1.32%) XenApp
7 16 (1.06%) HDFS
7 16 (1.06%) Oracle RAC
8 15 (0.99%) Microsoft App-V
8 15 (0.99%) VMware ESXi
9 12 (0.79%) vSphere
9 12 (0.79%) XenDesktop
10 11 (0.73%) KVM
11 8 (0.53%) vCloud
12 6 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
12 6 (0.40%) XenServer
13 5 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.26%) iptables
14 4 (0.26%) LXC
Systems Management
1 212 (14.04%) Ansible
2 189 (12.52%) Kubernetes
3 166 (10.99%) Puppet
4 138 (9.14%) Opscode Chef
5 119 (7.88%) Terraform
6 38 (2.52%) SCCM
7 29 (1.92%) Single Sign-On
8 24 (1.59%) Microsoft Intune
9 16 (1.06%) SCOM
10 15 (0.99%) ITRS Geneos
10 15 (0.99%) Nagios
10 15 (0.99%) WSUS
11 14 (0.93%) Data Guard
12 13 (0.86%) BladeLogic
12 13 (0.86%) Rancher
12 13 (0.86%) SCOrch
13 12 (0.79%) CloudForms
13 12 (0.79%) Kibana
13 12 (0.79%) logstash
14 10 (0.66%) CASB
Vendors
1 447 (29.60%) Microsoft
2 161 (10.66%) Oracle
3 151 (10.00%) VMware
4 86 (5.70%) Red Hat
5 70 (4.64%) Google
6 55 (3.64%) Cisco
7 53 (3.51%) IBM
8 46 (3.05%) Splunk
9 42 (2.78%) Citrix
10 35 (2.32%) SAP
11 26 (1.72%) AppDynamics
11 26 (1.72%) HP
12 25 (1.66%) Dell
13 22 (1.46%) F5
14 21 (1.39%) New Relic
14 21 (1.39%) Tableau
15 20 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
15 20 (1.32%) ServiceNow
16 18 (1.19%) CA
16 18 (1.19%) Remedy