Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 116 149 184
Rank change year-on-year +33 +35 +28
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,865 583 1,279
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.22% 1.83% 1.51%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.22% 5.77% 5.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,303 397 774
10th Percentile £425 £400 £402
25th Percentile £475 £458 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £653 £600 £631
90th Percentile £745 £661 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £513 £525
% change year-on-year +2.44% -2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 2 26
10th Percentile " " £56.13
25th Percentile £28.00 " £71.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £14.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +328.57% -82.50% +33.70%
75th Percentile £63.00 " £82.50
90th Percentile £73.20 " £83.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 - £80.00

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 29,961 10,109 24,585
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.63% 31.75% 29.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,617 7,090 17,175
10th Percentile £325 £312 £287
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £498
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +0.50% +4.74%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 471 150 368
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.23 £13.50
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.30 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.94 £21.93 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year -4.54% +8.30% +15.71%
75th Percentile £46.50 £40.56 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.25 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.33 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -8.35% - +14.29%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +34 1,476 £550 +4.76% 464
London +20 869 £575 +4.55% 220
Work from Home -27 558 £550 - 87
UK excluding London +2 540 £525 +2.44% 262
North of England +31 180 £525 +2.94% 80
South East -23 135 £550 +2.33% 76
Midlands -18 83 £525 +20.00% 43
North West -2 78 £525 -4.55% 46
Yorkshire -6 78 £525 +7.69% 27
South West -3 63 £525 -8.70% 16
West Midlands -25 58 £525 +20.00% 26
Scotland -54 52 £500 +5.26% 15
North East +15 25 £565 +41.25% 7
East Midlands -29 25 £500 +14.29% 17
Wales -11 16 £575 +15.00% 10
East of England -53 14 £475 +22.58% 22

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 1,237 (66.33%) Azure
2 1,143 (61.29%) IaaS
3 946 (50.72%) DevOps
4 647 (34.69%) SaaS
5 583 (31.26%) Agile Software Development
6 536 (28.74%) AWS
7 535 (28.69%) Terraform
8 477 (25.58%) Microsoft
9 444 (23.81%) Kubernetes
10 386 (20.70%) Infrastructure as Code
11 365 (19.57%) SQL
12 351 (18.82%) Windows
13 346 (18.55%) Linux
14 341 (18.28%) Docker
15 334 (17.91%) PowerShell
16 326 (17.48%) Serverless
17 314 (16.84%) Migration
18 313 (16.78%) Social Skills
19 311 (16.68%) Microservices
20 297 (15.92%) Finance
21 296 (15.87%) Python
22 273 (14.64%) Ansible
23 233 (12.49%) Jenkins
24 223 (11.96%) .NET
25 222 (11.90%) Active Directory
26 215 (11.53%) Public Cloud
27 209 (11.21%) SQL Server
28 197 (10.56%) GitHub
29 191 (10.24%) Security Cleared
30 188 (10.08%) Git (software)

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (4.34%) SharePoint
2 50 (2.68%) Confluence
3 37 (1.98%) Apache
4 35 (1.88%) Apache Spark
5 33 (1.77%) IIS
6 32 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
7 30 (1.61%) Tomcat
8 20 (1.07%) OpenStack
9 18 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 16 (0.86%) nginx
11 15 (0.80%) JBoss
12 14 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 13 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (0.54%) MS Exchange
15 9 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
15 9 (0.48%) CMS
15 9 (0.48%) WebLogic
16 7 (0.38%) Skype for Business
17 6 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
18 5 (0.27%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 22 (1.18%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.54%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.054%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (1.02%) Oracle ERP
2 16 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 10 (0.54%) Oracle Applications
4 8 (0.43%) Sentinel
5 7 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 5 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.21%) SAP ERP
9 3 (0.16%) Magento
10 2 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
11 1 (0.054%) Cerner Millennium
11 1 (0.054%) iTrent
11 1 (0.054%) Oracle Cash Management
11 1 (0.054%) Oracle General Ledger
11 1 (0.054%) Oracle Payables
11 1 (0.054%) Oracle Receivables
11 1 (0.054%) Remedy ITSM
11 1 (0.054%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 1,237 (66.33%) Azure
2 1,143 (61.29%) IaaS
3 647 (34.69%) SaaS
4 536 (28.74%) AWS
5 326 (17.48%) Serverless
6 197 (10.56%) GitHub
7 161 (8.63%) Azure Functions
8 156 (8.36%) GCP
9 137 (7.35%) Azure Active Directory
10 123 (6.60%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 121 (6.49%) Microsoft 365
12 104 (5.58%) AWS CloudFormation
13 97 (5.20%) AWS Lambda
14 95 (5.09%) Azure Service Bus
15 74 (3.97%) Azure Logic Apps
16 71 (3.81%) OpenShift
17 69 (3.70%) Cloud Computing
18 64 (3.43%) Azure App Service
19 63 (3.38%) Azure Storage
19 63 (3.38%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 176 (9.44%) Firewall
2 80 (4.29%) DNS
2 80 (4.29%) WAN
3 78 (4.18%) Network Security
4 60 (3.22%) VPN
5 52 (2.79%) SSL
6 50 (2.68%) LAN
7 41 (2.20%) Internet
8 30 (1.61%) TCP/IP
9 25 (1.34%) HTTP
10 21 (1.13%) DHCP
10 21 (1.13%) IPsec
10 21 (1.13%) Wireless
11 19 (1.02%) Kerberos
12 13 (0.70%) SAN
12 13 (0.70%) SD-WAN
13 12 (0.64%) IKE
13 12 (0.64%) Skype
14 11 (0.59%) BGP
14 11 (0.59%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (11.21%) SQL Server
2 134 (7.18%) Azure SQL Database
3 115 (6.17%) NoSQL
4 111 (5.95%) Big Data
5 84 (4.50%) PostgreSQL
6 79 (4.24%) Data Lake
7 71 (3.81%) MongoDB
8 49 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 45 (2.41%) Relational Database
10 44 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
11 43 (2.31%) Hadoop
12 40 (2.14%) MySQL
13 35 (1.88%) Power BI
14 23 (1.23%) Amazon RDS
14 23 (1.23%) BigQuery
14 23 (1.23%) Redis
15 22 (1.18%) DB2
16 21 (1.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 19 (1.02%) Tableau
18 17 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 233 (12.49%) Jenkins
2 188 (10.08%) Git (software)
3 89 (4.77%) JIRA
4 65 (3.49%) GitLab
5 60 (3.22%) Maven
6 57 (3.06%) TeamCity
7 52 (2.79%) SonarQube
8 48 (2.57%) Artifactory
9 40 (2.14%) Selenium
9 40 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
10 39 (2.09%) Postman
11 35 (1.88%) Subversion
12 34 (1.82%) Bitbucket
12 34 (1.82%) Gradle
13 33 (1.77%) Cucumber
14 26 (1.39%) Visual Studio
15 19 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
16 17 (0.91%) JUnit
17 14 (0.75%) SoapUI
17 14 (0.75%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 313 (16.78%) Social Skills
2 297 (15.92%) Finance
3 162 (8.69%) Public Sector
4 75 (4.02%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (3.22%) Banking
6 54 (2.90%) Marketing
6 54 (2.90%) Telecoms
7 45 (2.41%) Retail
8 43 (2.31%) Manufacturing
9 39 (2.09%) Presentation Skills
10 38 (2.04%) Legal
11 31 (1.66%) Electronics
12 26 (1.39%) Games
12 26 (1.39%) Influencing Skills
13 21 (1.13%) Financial Institution
14 20 (1.07%) Documentation Skills
15 19 (1.02%) Law
16 9 (0.48%) Billing
17 8 (0.43%) Local Government
17 8 (0.43%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 600 (32.17%) Architect
2 338 (18.12%) Azure Engineer
3 243 (13.03%) DevOps Engineer
4 218 (11.69%) Developer
5 206 (11.05%) Solutions Architect
6 202 (10.83%) Azure Architect
7 158 (8.47%) Cloud Architect
8 130 (6.97%) Cloud Engineer
9 105 (5.63%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 103 (5.52%) AWS Engineer
11 92 (4.93%) Azure DevOps
11 92 (4.93%) Consultant
12 85 (4.56%) Azure Developer
13 69 (3.70%) Technical Architect
14 61 (3.27%) AWS Architect
15 57 (3.06%) .NET Developer
16 56 (3.00%) Cloud Solutions Architect
17 50 (2.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 50 (2.68%) Senior Architect
18 49 (2.63%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 223 (11.96%) .NET
2 163 (8.74%) Web Services
3 113 (6.06%) JSON
3 113 (6.06%) REST
4 94 (5.04%) ARM Templates
5 86 (4.61%) Kafka
6 81 (4.34%) ASP.NET
7 73 (3.91%) React
8 72 (3.86%) Node.js
9 70 (3.75%) .NET Core
10 65 (3.49%) CSS
11 62 (3.32%) RESTful
12 61 (3.27%) .NET Framework
12 61 (3.27%) YAML
13 59 (3.16%) HTML
13 59 (3.16%) OAuth
14 54 (2.90%) ASP.NET Web API
15 53 (2.84%) SOAP
16 52 (2.79%) AngularJS
17 49 (2.63%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 215 (11.53%) Public Cloud
2 136 (7.29%) Cloud Native
3 112 (6.01%) Data Centre
4 105 (5.63%) Hybrid Cloud
5 78 (4.18%) Data Protection Act
6 55 (2.95%) Management Information System
7 51 (2.73%) Private Cloud
8 41 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
9 39 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
10 37 (1.98%) User Experience
11 28 (1.50%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 27 (1.45%) Enterprise Cloud
12 27 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
13 26 (1.39%) Mobile App
13 26 (1.39%) PKI
14 24 (1.29%) Data Structures
15 22 (1.18%) Legacy Systems
15 22 (1.18%) Replication
16 21 (1.13%) Hedge funds
17 20 (1.07%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 351 (18.82%) Windows
2 346 (18.55%) Linux
3 94 (5.04%) Windows Server
4 63 (3.38%) Unix
5 47 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 34 (1.82%) VMS
7 21 (1.13%) Windows Server 2016
8 18 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 14 (0.75%) CoreOS
10 13 (0.70%) SUSE
11 11 (0.59%) Windows Server 2019
12 9 (0.48%) AIX
12 9 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 8 (0.43%) CentOS
14 7 (0.38%) Android
14 7 (0.38%) Apple iOS
15 6 (0.32%) Debian
15 6 (0.32%) Solaris
15 6 (0.32%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 946 (50.72%) DevOps
2 583 (31.26%) Agile Software Development
3 386 (20.70%) Infrastructure as Code
4 314 (16.84%) Migration
5 311 (16.68%) Microservices
6 165 (8.85%) Analytics
7 142 (7.61%) Continuous Integration
8 140 (7.51%) Scrum
9 134 (7.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 127 (6.81%) Data Protection
11 126 (6.76%) Continuous Delivery
12 122 (6.54%) Test Automation
13 121 (6.49%) Problem-Solving
14 116 (6.22%) Stakeholder Management
15 101 (5.42%) Business Intelligence
15 101 (5.42%) Enterprise Architecture
16 99 (5.31%) ITIL
17 97 (5.20%) SDLC
18 96 (5.15%) TDD
19 95 (5.09%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 365 (19.57%) SQL
2 334 (17.91%) PowerShell
3 296 (15.87%) Python
4 187 (10.03%) Java
5 177 (9.49%) C#
6 159 (8.53%) JavaScript
7 156 (8.36%) Bash Shell
8 47 (2.52%) Go
9 43 (2.31%) Ruby
10 30 (1.61%) PHP
11 29 (1.55%) Groovy
12 28 (1.50%) T-SQL
13 27 (1.45%) PL/SQL
14 22 (1.18%) C++
15 19 (1.02%) C
15 19 (1.02%) TypeScript
16 18 (0.97%) Shell Script
17 17 (0.91%) Perl
18 12 (0.64%) Java 8
18 12 (0.64%) Scala
Qualifications
1 191 (10.24%) Security Cleared
2 160 (8.58%) SC Cleared
3 56 (3.00%) Degree
4 23 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
4 23 (1.23%) Microsoft Certification
5 22 (1.18%) AWS Certification
6 21 (1.13%) TOGAF Certification
7 20 (1.07%) CISSP
7 20 (1.07%) DV Cleared
8 18 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
10 12 (0.64%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.48%) ISEB
12 8 (0.43%) APMP
12 8 (0.43%) MCSE
13 7 (0.38%) CCIE
14 6 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 6 (0.32%) CISM
14 6 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (3.11%) GDPR
2 55 (2.95%) QA
3 28 (1.50%) SLA
4 26 (1.39%) Data Quality
5 25 (1.34%) NIST
6 22 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 15 (0.80%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 12 (0.64%) PCI DSS
9 10 (0.54%) COBIT
9 10 (0.54%) GAAP
10 8 (0.43%) SOC 2
11 7 (0.38%) NCSC
12 6 (0.32%) Accessibility
12 6 (0.32%) ISO 22301
13 5 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.27%) FedRAMP
14 4 (0.21%) GRC
14 4 (0.21%) PMO
15 3 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
15 3 (0.16%) NIST 800
System Software
1 341 (18.28%) Docker
2 222 (11.90%) Active Directory
3 87 (4.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 74 (3.97%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (1.98%) Hyper-V
6 20 (1.07%) vCloud
6 20 (1.07%) Virtual Desktop
6 20 (1.07%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (0.86%) VMware Workstation
8 10 (0.54%) VMware NSX
9 7 (0.38%) RACF
10 4 (0.21%) KVM
10 4 (0.21%) NFS
10 4 (0.21%) Squid
10 4 (0.21%) Veritas File System
10 4 (0.21%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 4 (0.21%) vSphere
11 3 (0.16%) LXC
11 3 (0.16%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.11%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 535 (28.69%) Terraform
2 444 (23.81%) Kubernetes
3 273 (14.64%) Ansible
4 58 (3.11%) Puppet
5 45 (2.41%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (1.66%) SCCM
7 24 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
8 23 (1.23%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 21 (1.13%) Grafana
10 19 (1.02%) Microsoft Intune
11 17 (0.91%) Prometheus
12 13 (0.70%) BladeLogic
13 12 (0.64%) ITRS Geneos
13 12 (0.64%) Netcool
14 11 (0.59%) Kibana
14 11 (0.59%) QRadar
15 9 (0.48%) CASB
16 8 (0.43%) Control-M
16 8 (0.43%) EMC NetWorker
16 8 (0.43%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 477 (25.58%) Microsoft
2 179 (9.60%) Oracle
3 149 (7.99%) VMware
4 101 (5.42%) Google
5 87 (4.66%) Databricks
6 82 (4.40%) SAP
6 82 (4.40%) Splunk
7 56 (3.00%) Red Hat
8 47 (2.52%) ServiceNow
9 46 (2.47%) Cisco
10 38 (2.04%) IBM
11 34 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
12 31 (1.66%) CyberArk
13 30 (1.61%) Citrix
14 22 (1.18%) MuleSoft
15 21 (1.13%) AppDynamics
16 19 (1.02%) CA
17 18 (0.97%) Atlassian
17 18 (0.97%) Palo Alto
18 13 (0.70%) BiZZdesign