Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 170 166
Rank change year-on-year +59 -4 +51
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,647 593 1,529
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.30% 1.61% 1.67%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.49% 5.29% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,113 389 997
10th Percentile £413 £409 £413
25th Percentile £463 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £545 £525
Median % change year-on-year +0.92% +3.81% -
75th Percentile £645 £613 £625
90th Percentile £725 £690 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £521 £510
% change year-on-year +0.72% +2.21% +4.62%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 2 13
10th Percentile £14.00 £62.15 £47.00
25th Percentile £28.00 £62.38 £63.75
Median hourly rate £60.00 £64.00 £72.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.25% -11.72% +31.82%
75th Percentile £63.00 £65.63 £83.75
90th Percentile £67.05 £65.85 £84.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £64.00 £76.25
% change year-on-year -31.25% -16.07% -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,387 11,218 26,237
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.38% 30.54% 28.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,229 7,907 18,208
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
25th Percentile £419 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +3.60% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £576
90th Percentile £688 £685 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 398 165 324
10th Percentile £12.04 £13.25 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.50 £15.25
Median hourly rate £21.03 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.13% -2.44% +17.14%
75th Percentile £45.00 £37.00 £36.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £54.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +17.65%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +55 1,316 £525 -4.11% 470
London +45 723 £550 - 230
Work from Home -34 516 £550 - 87
UK excluding London +27 510 £525 +0.72% 250
North of England +59 165 £525 -3.67% 70
South East +6 146 £510 -5.56% 58
North West +26 79 £513 - 36
Midlands -28 78 £488 -2.50% 61
Yorkshire +21 61 £525 -4.55% 24
West Midlands -32 56 £525 +16.67% 42
South West +6 51 £525 +5.00% 27
Scotland -39 41 £515 +14.44% 7
North East +11 25 £565 +5.12% 10
East Midlands -3 22 £470 -6.00% 18
East of England -5 19 £550 - 19
Wales +3 10 £650 +23.81% 5
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 1,117 (67.82%) Azure
2 1,034 (62.78%) IaaS
3 820 (49.79%) DevOps
4 567 (34.43%) SaaS
5 512 (31.09%) AWS
6 494 (29.99%) Terraform
7 486 (29.51%) Agile Software Development
8 418 (25.38%) Microsoft
9 344 (20.89%) Kubernetes
10 334 (20.28%) Infrastructure as Code
11 319 (19.37%) Linux
12 306 (18.58%) PowerShell
13 292 (17.73%) Windows
14 286 (17.36%) Python
14 286 (17.36%) SQL
15 284 (17.24%) Microservices
16 264 (16.03%) Ansible
17 262 (15.91%) Docker
18 248 (15.06%) Finance
19 246 (14.94%) Social Skills
20 245 (14.88%) Serverless
21 236 (14.33%) Migration
22 199 (12.08%) .NET
23 197 (11.96%) Public Cloud
24 192 (11.66%) Java
24 192 (11.66%) Jenkins
25 182 (11.05%) Active Directory
26 169 (10.26%) SQL Server
27 168 (10.20%) Git (software)
28 160 (9.71%) Oracle

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (6.25%) SharePoint
2 47 (2.85%) Confluence
3 43 (2.61%) Apache
4 42 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (1.76%) Tomcat
6 28 (1.70%) Apache Spark
7 26 (1.58%) IIS
8 23 (1.40%) Cloud Foundry
9 22 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
10 19 (1.15%) JBoss
11 17 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (0.91%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.55%) CMS
13 9 (0.55%) nginx
13 9 (0.55%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.49%) OpenStack
15 7 (0.43%) MS Exchange
16 6 (0.36%) Mule
17 5 (0.30%) Oracle Application Server
17 5 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 25 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (0.91%) Oracle ERP
2 11 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.49%) Oracle Applications
4 7 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.36%) SAP ERP
5 6 (0.36%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.18%) Primavera
8 2 (0.12%) Magento
8 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.061%) iTrent
9 1 (0.061%) Oracle Cash Management
9 1 (0.061%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.061%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.061%) Oracle Receivables
9 1 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,117 (67.82%) Azure
2 1,034 (62.78%) IaaS
3 567 (34.43%) SaaS
4 512 (31.09%) AWS
5 245 (14.88%) Serverless
6 150 (9.11%) GitHub
7 146 (8.86%) GCP
8 139 (8.44%) Microsoft 365
9 123 (7.47%) Azure Functions
10 120 (7.29%) Azure Active Directory
11 109 (6.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 88 (5.34%) OpenShift
13 65 (3.95%) Power Platform
14 62 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
15 61 (3.70%) Azure Logic Apps
16 60 (3.64%) AWS CloudFormation
17 58 (3.52%) Azure Service Bus
18 57 (3.46%) Cloud Computing
19 52 (3.16%) Azure Data Factory
20 43 (2.61%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 141 (8.56%) Firewall
2 62 (3.76%) DNS
2 62 (3.76%) WAN
3 46 (2.79%) Network Security
4 43 (2.61%) LAN
5 35 (2.13%) VPN
6 32 (1.94%) Internet
7 27 (1.64%) Wireless
8 24 (1.46%) DHCP
9 23 (1.40%) TCP/IP
10 18 (1.09%) Kerberos
10 18 (1.09%) SSL
11 15 (0.91%) SAN
12 11 (0.67%) NAS
13 10 (0.61%) SD-WAN
14 9 (0.55%) HTTP
14 9 (0.55%) MPLS
15 8 (0.49%) IPsec
15 8 (0.49%) VLAN
15 8 (0.49%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (10.26%) SQL Server
2 107 (6.50%) Big Data
3 97 (5.89%) Azure SQL Database
4 80 (4.86%) Data Lake
5 79 (4.80%) NoSQL
6 70 (4.25%) PostgreSQL
7 53 (3.22%) MongoDB
8 47 (2.85%) Hadoop
9 42 (2.55%) Power BI
10 41 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
11 34 (2.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 30 (1.82%) MySQL
13 26 (1.58%) BigQuery
14 24 (1.46%) Metadata
15 23 (1.40%) Amazon RDS
16 19 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
16 19 (1.15%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 18 (1.09%) Relational Database
17 18 (1.09%) Tableau
18 16 (0.97%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 192 (11.66%) Jenkins
2 168 (10.20%) Git (software)
3 82 (4.98%) JIRA
4 54 (3.28%) GitLab
4 54 (3.28%) SonarQube
5 46 (2.79%) Artifactory
6 45 (2.73%) TeamCity
7 43 (2.61%) Maven
8 39 (2.37%) Sonatype Nexus
9 38 (2.31%) Postman
10 37 (2.25%) Visual Studio
11 29 (1.76%) Octopus Deploy
12 27 (1.64%) Cucumber
13 25 (1.52%) Gradle
14 24 (1.46%) Selenium
15 21 (1.28%) Bitbucket
16 19 (1.15%) JUnit
16 19 (1.15%) Subversion
17 14 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
18 13 (0.79%) IntelliJ
General
1 248 (15.06%) Finance
2 246 (14.94%) Social Skills
3 148 (8.99%) Public Sector
4 70 (4.25%) Banking
5 61 (3.70%) Marketing
6 60 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
7 52 (3.16%) Telecoms
8 48 (2.91%) Manufacturing
9 42 (2.55%) Electronics
10 37 (2.25%) Influencing Skills
11 34 (2.06%) Presentation Skills
12 28 (1.70%) Retail
13 23 (1.40%) Documentation Skills
14 12 (0.73%) Legal
15 10 (0.61%) Law
16 8 (0.49%) Organisational Skills
17 6 (0.36%) Billing
17 6 (0.36%) Local Government
18 5 (0.30%) Games
18 5 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 521 (31.63%) Architect
2 315 (19.13%) Azure Engineer
3 230 (13.96%) DevOps Engineer
4 205 (12.45%) Developer
5 185 (11.23%) Azure Architect
5 185 (11.23%) Solutions Architect
6 154 (9.35%) Cloud Architect
7 127 (7.71%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 127 (7.71%) Cloud Engineer
8 99 (6.01%) Consultant
9 97 (5.89%) AWS Engineer
10 86 (5.22%) Azure DevOps
11 72 (4.37%) Technical Architect
12 65 (3.95%) AWS Architect
13 58 (3.52%) Azure Developer
14 57 (3.46%) Data Architect
15 49 (2.98%) AWS DevOps
15 49 (2.98%) Azure Consultant
16 47 (2.85%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 44 (2.67%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 199 (12.08%) .NET
2 141 (8.56%) Web Services
3 112 (6.80%) REST
4 97 (5.89%) JSON
5 77 (4.68%) .NET Core
5 77 (4.68%) YAML
6 70 (4.25%) Kafka
7 69 (4.19%) Node.js
8 67 (4.07%) React
9 65 (3.95%) AngularJS
10 56 (3.40%) HTML
10 56 (3.40%) Spring Boot
11 52 (3.16%) CSS
12 49 (2.98%) Spring
13 43 (2.61%) ASP.NET
13 43 (2.61%) ASP.NET Web API
13 43 (2.61%) XML
14 42 (2.55%) OAuth
15 40 (2.43%) Swagger
16 37 (2.25%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 197 (11.96%) Public Cloud
2 129 (7.83%) Cloud Native
3 100 (6.07%) Hybrid Cloud
4 83 (5.04%) Data Centre
5 65 (3.95%) Data Protection Act
6 49 (2.98%) Management Information System
7 36 (2.19%) Enterprise Software
8 27 (1.64%) Enterprise Cloud
8 27 (1.64%) User Experience
9 25 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
11 22 (1.34%) Clustering
12 20 (1.21%) Legacy Applications
13 19 (1.15%) Mobile App
13 19 (1.15%) Private Cloud
14 18 (1.09%) Data Structures
15 16 (0.97%) PKI
15 16 (0.97%) Replication
16 15 (0.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 14 (0.85%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 319 (19.37%) Linux
2 292 (17.73%) Windows
3 69 (4.19%) Windows Server
4 48 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 33 (2.00%) VMS
6 32 (1.94%) Unix
7 20 (1.21%) CoreOS
8 19 (1.15%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (1.03%) Windows Server 2016
10 15 (0.91%) Solaris
11 11 (0.67%) SUSE
12 10 (0.61%) Windows 10
13 9 (0.55%) CentOS
14 8 (0.49%) AIX
14 8 (0.49%) Debian
15 7 (0.43%) Android
15 7 (0.43%) Apple iOS
15 7 (0.43%) Ubuntu
16 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
17 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 820 (49.79%) DevOps
2 486 (29.51%) Agile Software Development
3 334 (20.28%) Infrastructure as Code
4 284 (17.24%) Microservices
5 236 (14.33%) Migration
6 133 (8.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 127 (7.71%) Continuous Integration
8 119 (7.23%) Scrum
9 114 (6.92%) Analytics
10 112 (6.80%) Continuous Delivery
11 111 (6.74%) SOA
12 107 (6.50%) Test Automation
13 106 (6.44%) Business Intelligence
14 97 (5.89%) Problem-Solving
15 96 (5.83%) TOGAF
16 94 (5.71%) Configuration Management
16 94 (5.71%) TDD
17 91 (5.53%) Enterprise Architecture
18 87 (5.28%) Data Protection
19 80 (4.86%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 306 (18.58%) PowerShell
2 286 (17.36%) Python
2 286 (17.36%) SQL
3 192 (11.66%) Java
4 148 (8.99%) Bash Shell
5 138 (8.38%) C#
6 133 (8.08%) JavaScript
7 49 (2.98%) Ruby
8 42 (2.55%) Go
9 37 (2.25%) PHP
10 36 (2.19%) TypeScript
11 25 (1.52%) Perl
12 23 (1.40%) C
13 20 (1.21%) Java 8
14 18 (1.09%) C++
15 17 (1.03%) PL/SQL
16 15 (0.91%) T-SQL
17 14 (0.85%) Shell Script
18 11 (0.67%) Scala
19 10 (0.61%) VB
Qualifications
1 158 (9.59%) Security Cleared
2 132 (8.01%) SC Cleared
3 53 (3.22%) Degree
4 27 (1.64%) Microsoft Certification
5 25 (1.52%) AWS Certification
6 23 (1.40%) CISSP
6 23 (1.40%) TOGAF Certification
7 22 (1.34%) DV Cleared
8 17 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
9 14 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
10 13 (0.79%) CISM
11 9 (0.55%) MCSE
12 8 (0.49%) APMP
12 8 (0.49%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.43%) Oracle Certification
14 6 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 6 (0.36%) CESG Certified Professional
14 6 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (3.16%) QA
2 31 (1.88%) GDPR
3 27 (1.64%) NIST
4 22 (1.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 21 (1.28%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 10 (0.61%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.55%) Accessibility
8 9 (0.55%) COBIT
8 9 (0.55%) NCSC
8 9 (0.55%) SLA
9 6 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 6 (0.36%) SOC 2
10 5 (0.30%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.30%) ISO 22301
11 4 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.24%) GAAP
12 3 (0.18%) FedRAMP
12 3 (0.18%) GRC
12 3 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 262 (15.91%) Docker
2 182 (11.05%) Active Directory
3 85 (5.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 47 (2.85%) Hyper-V
4 47 (2.85%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (1.03%) Virtual Desktop
5 17 (1.03%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.61%) VMware NSX
7 7 (0.43%) NFS
7 7 (0.43%) RACF
7 7 (0.43%) XenDesktop
8 6 (0.36%) VMware Workstation
8 6 (0.36%) vSphere
8 6 (0.36%) XenApp
9 5 (0.30%) KVM
9 5 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.24%) Veritas File System
10 4 (0.24%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 4 (0.24%) Xen
11 3 (0.18%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 494 (29.99%) Terraform
2 344 (20.89%) Kubernetes
3 264 (16.03%) Ansible
4 60 (3.64%) Puppet
5 52 (3.16%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (2.13%) SCCM
7 31 (1.88%) Grafana
7 31 (1.88%) Microsoft Intune
8 27 (1.64%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 25 (1.52%) Prometheus
10 15 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
11 14 (0.85%) Kibana
12 12 (0.73%) SCOM
13 10 (0.61%) Control-M
14 9 (0.55%) QRadar
15 8 (0.49%) EMC NetWorker
15 8 (0.49%) Packer
15 8 (0.49%) Tivoli
15 8 (0.49%) Tivoli Storage Manager
16 7 (0.43%) CASB
Vendors
1 418 (25.38%) Microsoft
2 160 (9.71%) Oracle
3 131 (7.95%) VMware
4 98 (5.95%) Google
5 93 (5.65%) SAP
6 68 (4.13%) Databricks
7 62 (3.76%) Splunk
8 49 (2.98%) ServiceNow
9 48 (2.91%) Red Hat
10 46 (2.79%) Cisco
11 45 (2.73%) IBM
12 33 (2.00%) Citrix
12 33 (2.00%) Dell
13 28 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (1.28%) MuleSoft
15 19 (1.15%) Veracode
16 17 (1.03%) BMC
17 16 (0.97%) NetApp
18 15 (0.91%) BiZZdesign
18 15 (0.91%) CyberArk