Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 182 206 236
Rank change year-on-year +24 +30 +35
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,283 1,433 1,113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.51% 1.39% 1.12%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.23% 5.97% 6.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 953 732
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £403 £400 £375
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 2 3
UK median hourly rate £80.00 £47.42 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +68.71% -27.05% +37.57%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £80.00 - £65.00

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,516 24,007 16,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.91% 23.24% 16.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,804 16,555 11,078
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £290 £303 £275
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 411 334 227
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -12.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £73.75 £59.25 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.88 £17.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year +25.03% -5.41% +8.63%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 1,193 £550 +4.76% 372
UK excluding London +58 754 £525 +5.00% 261
London -11 506 £575 +4.55% 140
South East +71 379 £538 +10.26% 65
North of England +5 115 £500 -4.76% 72
Midlands +29 89 £488 -2.50% 62
West Midlands +15 74 £475 -9.52% 40
Scotland -8 64 £538 -20.37% 14
South West +7 63 £525 +7.69% 21
Yorkshire +35 60 £550 +10.00% 18
North West -27 38 £475 -17.39% 44
East of England +38 34 £555 +2.07% 13
North East +10 18 £375 -15.73% 10
East Midlands +15 13 £530 -11.67% 22
Wales +22 9 £500 -13.98% 3
Northern Ireland +7 2 - - 12

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 901 (70.23%) Azure
2 739 (57.60%) IaaS
3 527 (41.08%) SaaS
4 520 (40.53%) DevOps
5 465 (36.24%) Agile Software Development
6 438 (34.14%) Microsoft
7 380 (29.62%) AWS
8 280 (21.82%) SQL
9 269 (20.97%) Windows
10 243 (18.94%) PowerShell
11 242 (18.86%) Finance
12 209 (16.29%) Kubernetes
13 196 (15.28%) Active Directory
14 186 (14.50%) Docker
15 185 (14.42%) Python
16 183 (14.26%) Office 365
16 183 (14.26%) Security Cleared
17 180 (14.03%) .NET
17 180 (14.03%) Migration
18 178 (13.87%) Linux
19 175 (13.64%) Java
20 174 (13.56%) Jenkins
21 166 (12.94%) Firewall
22 153 (11.93%) Microservices
23 147 (11.46%) Ansible
24 145 (11.30%) C#
25 144 (11.22%) Azure Active Directory
26 143 (11.15%) Scrum
26 143 (11.15%) VMware
27 142 (11.07%) Continuous Integration

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (4.83%) Confluence
2 56 (4.36%) OpenStack
3 50 (3.90%) IIS
4 42 (3.27%) Cloud Foundry
5 39 (3.04%) SharePoint
6 33 (2.57%) Apache
7 21 (1.64%) Skype for Business
8 19 (1.48%) Apache Spark
9 18 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
9 18 (1.40%) Umbraco
10 16 (1.25%) Jupyter
11 14 (1.09%) CMS
11 14 (1.09%) JBoss
11 14 (1.09%) WebLogic
12 12 (0.94%) MS Exchange
12 12 (0.94%) Tomcat
13 11 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 10 (0.78%) Sitecore CMS
15 9 (0.70%) nginx
15 9 (0.70%) WebSphere
Applications
1 64 (4.99%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 29 (2.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (1.25%) Sonata
3 10 (0.78%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 9 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
4 9 (0.70%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 8 (0.62%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.62%) Oracle Cash Management
5 8 (0.62%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 8 (0.62%) SAP ERP
6 6 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
6 6 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.39%) Eloqua
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle Assets
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle FAH
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle General Ledger
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle iProcurement
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 901 (70.23%) Azure
2 739 (57.60%) IaaS
3 527 (41.08%) SaaS
4 380 (29.62%) AWS
5 183 (14.26%) Office 365
6 144 (11.22%) Azure Active Directory
7 102 (7.95%) OpenShift
8 101 (7.87%) Serverless
9 98 (7.64%) GCP
10 74 (5.77%) Power Platform
11 57 (4.44%) GitHub
12 49 (3.82%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 41 (3.20%) Cloud Computing
14 40 (3.12%) Dynamics 365
15 29 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
16 27 (2.10%) AWS CloudFormation
17 26 (2.03%) Azure Data Factory
18 24 (1.87%) iPaaS
19 21 (1.64%) Azure Functions
19 21 (1.64%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 166 (12.94%) Firewall
2 107 (8.34%) VPN
3 100 (7.79%) DNS
4 74 (5.77%) TCP/IP
5 57 (4.44%) SAN
6 52 (4.05%) Internet
7 42 (3.27%) NAS
8 41 (3.20%) Reverse Proxy
9 36 (2.81%) Network Security
10 28 (2.18%) WAN
11 23 (1.79%) HTTP
11 23 (1.79%) Skype
11 23 (1.79%) VLAN
12 22 (1.71%) DHCP
13 21 (1.64%) LAN
14 16 (1.25%) NetScaler
15 13 (1.01%) Wireless
16 10 (0.78%) Intrusion Detection
17 8 (0.62%) Cisco ASA
17 8 (0.62%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (8.50%) SQL Server
2 76 (5.92%) Azure SQL Database
3 66 (5.14%) Power BI
4 63 (4.91%) Data Warehouse
5 46 (3.59%) Oracle Database
5 46 (3.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 45 (3.51%) NoSQL
7 42 (3.27%) Data Lake
8 40 (3.12%) Redis
9 33 (2.57%) Cosmos DB
9 33 (2.57%) Relational Database
10 26 (2.03%) Big Data
11 24 (1.87%) PostgreSQL
12 21 (1.64%) MySQL
12 21 (1.64%) Oracle Reports
12 21 (1.64%) RDBMS
13 19 (1.48%) Data Mart
14 17 (1.33%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 17 (1.33%) MongoDB
15 15 (1.17%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 174 (13.56%) Jenkins
2 121 (9.43%) Git (software)
3 108 (8.42%) Visual Studio Team System
4 83 (6.47%) JIRA
5 45 (3.51%) Visual Studio
6 43 (3.35%) TeamCity
7 39 (3.04%) GitLab
8 35 (2.73%) Octopus Deploy
9 31 (2.42%) Team Foundation Server
10 29 (2.26%) gulp
11 28 (2.18%) Maven
12 24 (1.87%) Selenium
13 23 (1.79%) SpecFlow
14 21 (1.64%) Jasmine
15 19 (1.48%) Sonatype Nexus
16 18 (1.40%) Cucumber
17 15 (1.17%) SonarQube
18 14 (1.09%) JUnit
19 13 (1.01%) Babel
19 13 (1.01%) webpack
General
1 242 (18.86%) Finance
2 108 (8.42%) Public Sector
3 95 (7.40%) Banking
4 30 (2.34%) Marketing
5 23 (1.79%) Retail
6 21 (1.64%) Law
7 19 (1.48%) Legal
8 16 (1.25%) Telecoms
9 15 (1.17%) Manufacturing
10 14 (1.09%) Billing
11 9 (0.70%) Electronics
12 7 (0.55%) Investment Banking
12 7 (0.55%) Retail Banking
13 6 (0.47%) Front Office
13 6 (0.47%) Local Government
14 5 (0.39%) Games
14 5 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.31%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.31%) Back Office
15 4 (0.31%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 450 (35.07%) Architect
2 209 (16.29%) Developer
3 165 (12.86%) Azure Architect
4 156 (12.16%) Azure Engineer
5 149 (11.61%) DevOps Engineer
6 139 (10.83%) Cloud Architect
7 109 (8.50%) Solutions Architect
8 80 (6.24%) Azure DevOps
9 67 (5.22%) Technical Architect
10 66 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
11 65 (5.07%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 65 (5.07%) Consultant
12 62 (4.83%) Security Architect
13 50 (3.90%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 46 (3.59%) .NET Developer
15 41 (3.20%) Senior Developer
16 37 (2.88%) AWS Architect
17 34 (2.65%) Analyst
17 34 (2.65%) Java Developer
18 31 (2.42%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 180 (14.03%) .NET
2 141 (10.99%) Web Services
3 92 (7.17%) JSON
4 82 (6.39%) AngularJS
5 60 (4.68%) .NET Core
5 60 (4.68%) HTML
6 57 (4.44%) REST
7 56 (4.36%) Node.js
8 55 (4.29%) CSS
9 54 (4.21%) ASP.NET
10 43 (3.35%) .NET Framework
11 42 (3.27%) RESTful
11 42 (3.27%) XML
12 41 (3.20%) SOAP
13 35 (2.73%) Middleware
14 34 (2.65%) Spring
15 32 (2.49%) Oracle Fusion
15 32 (2.49%) Swagger
16 27 (2.10%) ASP.NET Web API
17 26 (2.03%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 122 (9.51%) Public Cloud
2 86 (6.70%) Hybrid Cloud
3 80 (6.24%) Data Centre
4 69 (5.38%) Analytical Skills
5 52 (4.05%) Replication
6 50 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
7 37 (2.88%) Cloud Native
8 32 (2.49%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (2.49%) Management Information System
8 32 (2.49%) Private Cloud
8 32 (2.49%) User Experience
9 25 (1.95%) PKI
10 24 (1.87%) Linux Command Line
11 21 (1.64%) Clustering
12 16 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
13 13 (1.01%) Client/Server
13 13 (1.01%) Mobile App
14 11 (0.86%) Microsoft Licensing
15 10 (0.78%) Data Structures
16 9 (0.70%) Lidar
Operating Systems
1 269 (20.97%) Windows
2 178 (13.87%) Linux
3 91 (7.09%) Windows Server
4 79 (6.16%) Unix
5 59 (4.60%) Windows 10
6 45 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (1.71%) VMS
8 12 (0.94%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (0.78%) CentOS
9 10 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.62%) Android
10 8 (0.62%) Solaris
11 7 (0.55%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.47%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.39%) AIX
13 5 (0.39%) Apple iOS
14 3 (0.23%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.16%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.16%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 520 (40.53%) DevOps
2 465 (36.24%) Agile Software Development
3 180 (14.03%) Migration
4 153 (11.93%) Microservices
5 143 (11.15%) Scrum
6 142 (11.07%) Continuous Integration
7 127 (9.90%) Infrastructure as Code
8 114 (8.89%) Analytics
9 111 (8.65%) Business Intelligence
10 108 (8.42%) Problem-Solving
11 106 (8.26%) Test Automation
12 103 (8.03%) Information Security
13 90 (7.01%) Continuous Delivery
14 88 (6.86%) Computer Science
14 88 (6.86%) TOGAF
15 74 (5.77%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 73 (5.69%) SOA
17 72 (5.61%) Enterprise Architecture
18 69 (5.38%) Disaster Recovery
19 66 (5.14%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 280 (21.82%) SQL
2 243 (18.94%) PowerShell
3 185 (14.42%) Python
4 175 (13.64%) Java
5 145 (11.30%) C#
6 115 (8.96%) JavaScript
7 80 (6.24%) Bash Shell
8 54 (4.21%) Ruby
9 41 (3.20%) Go
10 25 (1.95%) Shell Script
11 20 (1.56%) PL/SQL
12 19 (1.48%) C
13 15 (1.17%) Java 8
14 14 (1.09%) TypeScript
15 11 (0.86%) Groovy
16 10 (0.78%) T-SQL
17 9 (0.70%) PHP
17 9 (0.70%) R
18 8 (0.62%) VBScript
19 7 (0.55%) Perl
Qualifications
1 183 (14.26%) Security Cleared
2 139 (10.83%) SC Cleared
3 105 (8.18%) Degree
4 44 (3.43%) Microsoft Certification
5 40 (3.12%) CISSP
6 25 (1.95%) MCSE
7 22 (1.71%) AWS Certification
8 20 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (1.33%) TOGAF Certification
10 16 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
11 15 (1.17%) CISM
12 14 (1.09%) DV Cleared
13 13 (1.01%) IISP
14 10 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
15 9 (0.70%) Numerate Degree
16 8 (0.62%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.62%) Master's Degree
16 8 (0.62%) PhD
17 7 (0.55%) CCNA
17 7 (0.55%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (5.38%) QA
2 25 (1.95%) PCI DSS
3 23 (1.79%) Data Quality
4 22 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (1.56%) GDPR
5 20 (1.56%) NCSC
6 19 (1.48%) SLA
7 17 (1.33%) NIST
8 9 (0.70%) COBIT
9 8 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.23%) HL7
12 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.16%) PMO
13 1 (0.078%) BS25999
13 1 (0.078%) COSO
13 1 (0.078%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.078%) PSD2
System Software
1 196 (15.28%) Active Directory
2 186 (14.50%) Docker
3 94 (7.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 67 (5.22%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (4.60%) Hyper-V
6 17 (1.33%) XenDesktop
7 15 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (1.09%) vSphere
9 13 (1.01%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 12 (0.94%) VMware NSX
11 11 (0.86%) XenApp
12 8 (0.62%) vCloud
13 6 (0.47%) VirtualBox
14 4 (0.31%) Postfix
15 3 (0.23%) Ceph
15 3 (0.23%) KVM
15 3 (0.23%) NDS
15 3 (0.23%) NetIQ eDirectory
15 3 (0.23%) oVirt
16 2 (0.16%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 209 (16.29%) Kubernetes
2 147 (11.46%) Ansible
3 139 (10.83%) Terraform
4 77 (6.00%) Puppet
5 73 (5.69%) Opscode Chef
6 53 (4.13%) SCCM
7 52 (4.05%) Microsoft Intune
8 42 (3.27%) Single Sign-On
9 27 (2.10%) SCOM
10 18 (1.40%) CASB
11 15 (1.17%) vRealize
12 12 (0.94%) Microsoft Clustering
12 12 (0.94%) vCenter Server
13 10 (0.78%) Salt
14 7 (0.55%) Nagios
15 6 (0.47%) Consul
15 6 (0.47%) logstash
15 6 (0.47%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 6 (0.47%) Prometheus
16 5 (0.39%) collectd
Vendors
1 438 (34.14%) Microsoft
2 143 (11.15%) VMware
3 133 (10.37%) Oracle
4 74 (5.77%) Google
5 55 (4.29%) Red Hat
6 51 (3.98%) Cisco
6 51 (3.98%) Citrix
7 49 (3.82%) Splunk
8 46 (3.59%) SAP
9 31 (2.42%) Workday
10 26 (2.03%) Dell
11 24 (1.87%) Atlassian
11 24 (1.87%) Databricks
11 24 (1.87%) New Relic
11 24 (1.87%) Tableau
12 23 (1.79%) MuleSoft
13 21 (1.64%) IBM
14 20 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
15 15 (1.17%) HP
15 15 (1.17%) Sitecore