Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 210 235 276
Rank change year-on-year +25 +41 +291
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,328 1,105 1,031
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.29% 1.12% 0.97%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.93% 7.42% 8.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 899 720 738
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £381
90th Percentile £700 £701 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £493
% change year-on-year - +1.52% +9.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 1
UK median hourly rate £47.42 £65.00 £47.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.05% +37.57% -5.50%
10th Percentile £37.17 £40.49 £46.13
90th Percentile £60.15 £65.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £65.00 -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,389 14,889 11,647
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.79% 15.03% 10.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,388 10,221 8,075
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +9.76%
10th Percentile £305 £270 £275
90th Percentile £648 £625 £605
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 328 226 181
UK median hourly rate £17.88 £19.81 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.78% +10.07% -21.74%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.65
90th Percentile £63.26 £63.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year -5.41% +8.82% -27.66%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 1,204 £525 - 366
UK excluding London -3 654 £500 - 201
London +42 646 £530 -3.64% 186
South East 0 257 £500 - 47
North of England +3 129 £525 - 43
Midlands 0 111 £510 +2.00% 50
Scotland +41 97 £600 +20.00% 12
West Midlands +4 90 £525 +9.38% 40
North West -12 65 £575 -4.17% 17
Yorkshire -6 46 £488 - 25
South West -16 45 £488 +21.88% 26
East Midlands +6 21 £600 +17.07% 10
East of England -30 21 £550 +2.33% 14
North East +2 19 £445 -6.32% 1
Wales -43 13 £550 +4.76% 4
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 5

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 781 (58.81%) Microsoft Azure
2 771 (58.06%) IaaS
3 540 (40.66%) Agile Software Development
4 482 (36.30%) SaaS
5 475 (35.77%) DevOps
6 418 (31.48%) Amazon AWS
7 398 (29.97%) Microsoft
8 308 (23.19%) Finance
9 287 (21.61%) Windows
10 282 (21.23%) Linux
11 269 (20.26%) Java
12 243 (18.30%) SQL
13 220 (16.57%) Jenkins
14 217 (16.34%) Docker
15 193 (14.53%) Continuous Integration
16 190 (14.31%) Git (software)
17 183 (13.78%) Python
17 183 (13.78%) Migration
18 181 (13.63%) Ansible
19 180 (13.55%) SQL Server
20 176 (13.25%) Scrum
21 165 (12.42%) PowerShell
22 162 (12.20%) Active Directory
23 160 (12.05%) Kubernetes
24 158 (11.90%) .NET
25 156 (11.75%) JSON
26 152 (11.45%) Microservices
27 146 (10.99%) Puppet
28 145 (10.92%) Security Cleared
29 142 (10.69%) Open Source

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (7.83%) Cloud Foundry
2 49 (3.69%) nginx
3 48 (3.61%) OpenStack
4 41 (3.09%) SharePoint
5 39 (2.94%) Apache
6 32 (2.41%) WebLogic
7 28 (2.11%) Confluence
8 27 (2.03%) Apache Spark
8 27 (2.03%) IIS
9 25 (1.88%) BizTalk Server
9 25 (1.88%) Tomcat
10 20 (1.51%) CMS
11 15 (1.13%) MS Exchange
11 15 (1.13%) Oracle Service Bus
11 15 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.98%) JBoss
12 13 (0.98%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.90%) Skype for Business
14 11 (0.83%) Apache Solr
15 9 (0.68%) WordPress
Applications
1 31 (2.33%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
3 8 (0.60%) Chatbot
4 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.30%) SOLIDWORKS
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.60%) Oracle ERP
3 7 (0.53%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.38%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 3 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.23%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 2 (0.15%) Magento
6 2 (0.15%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
6 2 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.075%) Maximo
7 1 (0.075%) Oracle HRMS
7 1 (0.075%) PeopleSoft HCM
7 1 (0.075%) SAP CRM
7 1 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 781 (58.81%) Microsoft Azure
2 771 (58.06%) IaaS
3 482 (36.30%) SaaS
4 418 (31.48%) Amazon AWS
5 135 (10.17%) Office 365
6 88 (6.63%) Azure Active Directory
7 79 (5.95%) OpenShift
8 63 (4.74%) Serverless
9 57 (4.29%) Cloud Computing
10 42 (3.16%) GitHub
10 42 (3.16%) Google Cloud Platform
11 40 (3.01%) npm
12 33 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
13 32 (2.41%) Azure Data Factory
14 26 (1.96%) Azure Functions
14 26 (1.96%) Dynamics 365
15 22 (1.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 19 (1.43%) Amazon S3
17 18 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
17 18 (1.36%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 125 (9.41%) Firewall
2 52 (3.92%) VPN
3 48 (3.61%) DNS
4 43 (3.24%) HTTP
5 38 (2.86%) Network Security
6 35 (2.64%) TCP/IP
7 34 (2.56%) SSL
8 29 (2.18%) WAN
9 26 (1.96%) SAN
10 24 (1.81%) LAN
11 18 (1.36%) NetScaler
12 17 (1.28%) Wireless
13 15 (1.13%) Internet
14 14 (1.05%) Cisco ASA
15 12 (0.90%) Software-Defined Networking
15 12 (0.90%) WLAN
16 10 (0.75%) DHCP
16 10 (0.75%) Intrusion Detection
17 9 (0.68%) Kerberos
17 9 (0.68%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (13.55%) SQL Server
2 84 (6.33%) Azure SQL Database
3 79 (5.95%) MongoDB
4 68 (5.12%) Big Data
5 64 (4.82%) Data Warehouse
6 52 (3.92%) PostgreSQL
7 48 (3.61%) Hadoop
7 48 (3.61%) NoSQL
8 46 (3.46%) Relational Database
8 46 (3.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 41 (3.09%) Cosmos DB
9 41 (3.09%) Data Lake
9 41 (3.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 36 (2.71%) Power BI
11 34 (2.56%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 30 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
12 30 (2.26%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 30 (2.26%) Redis
13 28 (2.11%) HBase
13 28 (2.11%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 220 (16.57%) Jenkins
2 190 (14.31%) Git (software)
3 99 (7.45%) Visual Studio Team System
4 86 (6.48%) Maven
5 81 (6.10%) Visual Studio
6 71 (5.35%) JIRA
7 56 (4.22%) IBM UrbanCode
8 55 (4.14%) Travis CI
9 54 (4.07%) TeamCity
10 48 (3.61%) Gradle
10 48 (3.61%) Team Foundation Server
11 44 (3.31%) CircleCI
11 44 (3.31%) Subversion
12 39 (2.94%) Bitbucket
13 36 (2.71%) gulp
13 36 (2.71%) Selenium
14 33 (2.48%) Cucumber
15 31 (2.33%) Mercurial
16 29 (2.18%) Artifactory
17 28 (2.11%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 308 (23.19%) Finance
2 101 (7.61%) Banking
3 44 (3.31%) Retail
4 37 (2.79%) Telecoms
5 28 (2.11%) Financial Institution
6 22 (1.66%) Marketing
7 20 (1.51%) Legal
8 18 (1.36%) Law
9 12 (0.90%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.60%) Back Office
10 8 (0.60%) Games
10 8 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (0.45%) Aerospace
11 6 (0.45%) Electronics
12 5 (0.38%) Billing
12 5 (0.38%) Front Office
13 4 (0.30%) Advertising
13 4 (0.30%) Automotive
13 4 (0.30%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.15%) Military
Job Titles
1 385 (28.99%) Architect
2 230 (17.32%) Developer
3 220 (16.57%) DevOps Engineer
4 112 (8.43%) Solutions Architect
5 109 (8.21%) Azure Architect
6 107 (8.06%) Azure Engineer
7 104 (7.83%) Cloud Architect
8 80 (6.02%) Azure DevOps
8 80 (6.02%) Consultant
9 66 (4.97%) Cloud Engineer
10 63 (4.74%) Technical Architect
11 61 (4.59%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 53 (3.99%) Infrastructure Architect
13 45 (3.39%) Java Developer
14 42 (3.16%) Senior Developer
15 38 (2.86%) AWS Engineer
15 38 (2.86%) Azure Developer
15 38 (2.86%) Project Manager
16 37 (2.79%) Security Architect
17 34 (2.56%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (11.90%) .NET
2 156 (11.75%) JSON
3 97 (7.30%) Node.js
4 93 (7.00%) Web Services
5 82 (6.17%) AngularJS
5 82 (6.17%) REST
6 79 (5.95%) RESTful
7 73 (5.50%) Middleware
7 73 (5.50%) Spring
8 63 (4.74%) OAuth
9 48 (3.61%) CSS
9 48 (3.61%) HTML
10 43 (3.24%) React
11 40 (3.01%) ASP.NET
11 40 (3.01%) SAML
12 39 (2.94%) SOAP
13 37 (2.79%) OpenID
14 36 (2.71%) React Native
15 35 (2.64%) Kafka
16 33 (2.48%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 140 (10.54%) Public Cloud
2 69 (5.20%) Analytical Skills
3 68 (5.12%) User Experience
4 63 (4.74%) Data Centre
5 62 (4.67%) Hybrid Cloud
6 54 (4.07%) Mobile App
7 47 (3.54%) Management Information System
8 46 (3.46%) Greenfield Project
9 40 (3.01%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (2.86%) PKI
11 30 (2.26%) Private Cloud
12 28 (2.11%) Cloud Native
13 19 (1.43%) Data Structures
13 19 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 18 (1.36%) Computer Science
14 18 (1.36%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 17 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
16 16 (1.20%) Virtual Team
17 15 (1.13%) Fintech
18 13 (0.98%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 287 (21.61%) Windows
2 282 (21.23%) Linux
3 117 (8.81%) Windows Server
4 94 (7.08%) Unix
5 80 (6.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 49 (3.69%) Windows Server 2012
7 46 (3.46%) Apple iOS
8 36 (2.71%) Android
8 36 (2.71%) Windows 10
9 18 (1.36%) AIX
10 17 (1.28%) Windows XP
11 16 (1.20%) VMS
12 11 (0.83%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
14 8 (0.60%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.45%) Solaris
16 5 (0.38%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.38%) Windows 8
17 4 (0.30%) HPUX
17 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 540 (40.66%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (35.77%) DevOps
3 193 (14.53%) Continuous Integration
4 183 (13.78%) Migration
5 176 (13.25%) Scrum
6 152 (11.45%) Microservices
7 142 (10.69%) Open Source
8 112 (8.43%) Analytics
9 106 (7.98%) Test Automation
10 105 (7.91%) ITIL
11 104 (7.83%) Continuous Delivery
12 93 (7.00%) Configuration Management
13 92 (6.93%) TDD
14 83 (6.25%) Data Modelling
15 77 (5.80%) Kanban
16 68 (5.12%) Business Intelligence
17 66 (4.97%) Waterfall
18 64 (4.82%) Project Management
19 63 (4.74%) Problem-Solving
20 60 (4.52%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 269 (20.26%) Java
2 243 (18.30%) SQL
3 183 (13.78%) Python
4 165 (12.42%) PowerShell
5 139 (10.47%) JavaScript
6 103 (7.76%) C#
7 70 (5.27%) Ruby
8 55 (4.14%) Go
9 49 (3.69%) Bash Shell
9 49 (3.69%) Shell Script
10 47 (3.54%) Groovy
11 36 (2.71%) Perl
11 36 (2.71%) T-SQL
12 33 (2.48%) Java 8
13 29 (2.18%) C
14 24 (1.81%) JSX
15 19 (1.43%) PL/SQL
16 15 (1.13%) R
17 13 (0.98%) C++
17 13 (0.98%) PHP
Qualifications
1 145 (10.92%) Security Cleared
2 103 (7.76%) SC Cleared
3 56 (4.22%) Degree
4 30 (2.26%) CISSP
5 25 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
6 21 (1.58%) CISM
7 18 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (1.05%) CCNP
8 14 (1.05%) CEH
8 14 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.83%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.68%) CCDP
10 9 (0.68%) CCIE
11 8 (0.60%) CCNA
11 8 (0.60%) ISTQB
11 8 (0.60%) PMI Certification
11 8 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 8 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 7 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.53%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.33%) QA
2 19 (1.43%) GDPR
3 13 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (0.90%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.83%) HIPAA
5 11 (0.83%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 9 (0.68%) FedRAMP
7 7 (0.53%) SLA
8 6 (0.45%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.38%) GxP
10 4 (0.30%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 4 (0.30%) GCP
10 4 (0.30%) GLP
10 4 (0.30%) GMP
11 3 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.15%) Government Security Classifications
12 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.15%) PMO
13 1 (0.075%) HAZOP
13 1 (0.075%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 217 (16.34%) Docker
2 162 (12.20%) Active Directory
3 64 (4.82%) Virtual Machines
4 53 (3.99%) Hyper-V
5 51 (3.84%) VMware Infrastructure
6 24 (1.81%) HDFS
7 19 (1.43%) XenApp
8 17 (1.28%) Microsoft App-V
9 16 (1.20%) Oracle RAC
10 15 (1.13%) VMware ESXi
11 11 (0.83%) KVM
11 11 (0.83%) XenDesktop
12 9 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.45%) XenServer
14 5 (0.38%) Virtual Servers
15 4 (0.30%) iptables
15 4 (0.30%) LXC
16 3 (0.23%) NFS
16 3 (0.23%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 181 (13.63%) Ansible
2 160 (12.05%) Kubernetes
3 146 (10.99%) Puppet
4 119 (8.96%) Opscode Chef
5 100 (7.53%) Terraform
6 35 (2.64%) SCCM
7 28 (2.11%) Single Sign-On
8 24 (1.81%) Microsoft Intune
9 20 (1.51%) WSUS
10 19 (1.43%) SCOM
11 15 (1.13%) Salt
12 14 (1.05%) Data Guard
13 13 (0.98%) Nagios
14 11 (0.83%) ITRS Geneos
15 10 (0.75%) SCOrch
16 9 (0.68%) BladeLogic
16 9 (0.68%) CASB
16 9 (0.68%) Rancher
16 9 (0.68%) Sysdig
17 8 (0.60%) CloudForms
Vendors
1 398 (29.97%) Microsoft
2 125 (9.41%) Oracle
3 115 (8.66%) VMware
4 71 (5.35%) Red Hat
5 54 (4.07%) Google
6 49 (3.69%) IBM
7 48 (3.61%) Splunk
8 41 (3.09%) Citrix
9 38 (2.86%) Cisco
10 34 (2.56%) SAP
11 27 (2.03%) AppDynamics
12 25 (1.88%) HP
13 23 (1.73%) Tableau
14 20 (1.51%) New Relic
15 19 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
15 19 (1.43%) Sitecore
16 18 (1.36%) Dell
17 17 (1.28%) 3PAR
18 14 (1.05%) CA
18 14 (1.05%) Cloudera