Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 145 123 164
Rank change year-on-year -22 +41 -19
Contract jobs citing PaaS 1,630 1,211 788
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.85% 2.09% 1.62%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.19% 5.90% 5.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,130 800 498
10th Percentile £413 £400 £398
25th Percentile £500 £455 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £625
90th Percentile £775 £680 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £510
% change year-on-year +5.00% -1.96% +1.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 17 2
10th Percentile £72.50 £14.00 £62.15
25th Percentile £75.12 £40.00 £62.38
Median hourly rate £81.86 £60.00 £64.00
Median % change year-on-year +36.43% -6.25% -20.00%
75th Percentile £86.23 £63.00 £65.63
90th Percentile £87.42 - £65.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £81.86 £40.00 £64.00
% change year-on-year +104.65% -37.50% -21.23%

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 31,406 20,514 14,893
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.57% 35.41% 30.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,835 14,746 10,460
10th Percentile £344 £321 £300
25th Percentile £450 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £598 £588
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -2.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 404 344 230
10th Percentile £13.88 £12.24 £12.61
25th Percentile £15.31 £15.00 £16.14
Median hourly rate £22.00 £22.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £54.00 £45.00 £34.69
90th Percentile £68.81 £62.25 £53.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -3.75% +2.56% +11.43%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -15 1,357 £575 +9.52% 291
London -11 805 £600 +11.63% 134
Work from Home -41 781 £575 +4.55% 125
UK excluding London -10 484 £525 +5.00% 176
South East +5 165 £573 +19.15% 51
North of England -32 143 £525 +2.44% 49
North West -23 68 £533 +6.50% 30
Scotland +6 55 £525 +5.00% 18
Yorkshire -19 54 £552 +7.71% 14
Midlands -54 48 £569 +8.33% 27
East of England -11 38 £438 -20.45% 12
South West -38 38 £550 +11.68% 20
West Midlands -55 33 £531 -1.16% 18
North East +6 27 £525 -8.70% 5
East Midlands -25 14 £700 +47.37% 9
Wales -15 5 £548 -8.75% 3

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 1,142 (70.06%) Azure
2 925 (56.75%) IaaS
3 734 (45.03%) DevOps
4 638 (39.14%) SaaS
5 609 (37.36%) CI/CD
6 581 (35.64%) Agile
7 568 (34.85%) Microsoft
8 500 (30.67%) Terraform
9 456 (27.98%) AWS
10 389 (23.87%) Kubernetes
11 356 (21.84%) PowerShell
12 341 (20.92%) Finance
13 331 (20.31%) Infrastructure as Code
14 320 (19.63%) Docker
15 315 (19.33%) Windows
16 314 (19.26%) Linux
17 302 (18.53%) Microservices
18 298 (18.28%) SQL
19 282 (17.30%) Python
19 282 (17.30%) Social Skills
20 267 (16.38%) Migration
21 221 (13.56%) Jenkins
22 220 (13.50%) Oracle
23 218 (13.37%) Serverless
24 216 (13.25%) Ansible
25 214 (13.13%) Public Cloud
26 208 (12.76%) Security Cleared
27 199 (12.21%) Git (software)
28 194 (11.90%) .NET
29 187 (11.47%) SQL Server

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (5.34%) Confluence
2 55 (3.37%) SharePoint
3 46 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
3 46 (2.82%) IIS
4 39 (2.39%) Apache
4 39 (2.39%) Cloud Foundry
5 33 (2.02%) OpenStack
6 28 (1.72%) nginx
6 28 (1.72%) WebSphere
7 24 (1.47%) Apache Spark
8 21 (1.29%) Skype for Business
9 20 (1.23%) Exchange Server 2013
10 14 (0.86%) Tomcat
11 13 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
12 12 (0.74%) Camunda
13 11 (0.67%) JBoss
14 10 (0.61%) WebLogic
14 10 (0.61%) WebSphere Application Server
15 9 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
16 8 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 19 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.67%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 48 (2.94%) Oracle ERP
2 39 (2.39%) Oracle Payables
3 37 (2.27%) Oracle Receivables
4 36 (2.21%) Oracle Cash Management
5 35 (2.15%) Dynamics CRM
6 24 (1.47%) Oracle General Ledger
7 9 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
8 8 (0.49%) Sentinel
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 5 (0.31%) SAP BPC
9 5 (0.31%) SAP CO
9 5 (0.31%) SAP FI
9 5 (0.31%) SAP FI/CO
10 4 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.25%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.25%) Oracle SCM
11 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
12 2 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
12 2 (0.12%) SAP CRM
12 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,142 (70.06%) Azure
2 925 (56.75%) IaaS
3 638 (39.14%) SaaS
4 456 (27.98%) AWS
5 218 (13.37%) Serverless
6 167 (10.25%) GitHub
7 134 (8.22%) Azure Active Directory
8 131 (8.04%) Power Platform
9 128 (7.85%) GCP
10 117 (7.18%) Microsoft 365
11 107 (6.56%) AWS CloudFormation
12 106 (6.50%) Azure Monitor
13 86 (5.28%) Azure Logic Apps
14 85 (5.21%) Azure Functions
15 84 (5.15%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 82 (5.03%) OpenShift
17 62 (3.80%) Azure Data Factory
18 60 (3.68%) AWS Lambda
19 53 (3.25%) PowerApps
20 52 (3.19%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 172 (10.55%) Firewall
2 81 (4.97%) DNS
3 72 (4.42%) Network Security
4 57 (3.50%) Internet
5 50 (3.07%) VPN
6 46 (2.82%) SSL
6 46 (2.82%) WAN
7 30 (1.84%) DHCP
8 25 (1.53%) TCP/IP
9 24 (1.47%) IPsec
9 24 (1.47%) LAN
10 23 (1.41%) Skype
11 22 (1.35%) Wireless
12 20 (1.23%) HTTP
13 19 (1.17%) DMZ
14 18 (1.10%) IKE
15 17 (1.04%) Wi-Fi
16 15 (0.92%) VLAN
17 14 (0.86%) SD-WAN
18 13 (0.80%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (11.47%) SQL Server
2 102 (6.26%) Azure SQL Database
3 68 (4.17%) Power BI
4 60 (3.68%) PostgreSQL
5 56 (3.44%) NoSQL
6 53 (3.25%) MongoDB
7 51 (3.13%) Data Lake
8 45 (2.76%) Big Data
9 42 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
10 35 (2.15%) Oracle Reports
10 35 (2.15%) Redis
11 34 (2.09%) MySQL
11 34 (2.09%) Relational Database
12 32 (1.96%) Oracle Database
13 30 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
14 22 (1.35%) Hadoop
15 20 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 19 (1.17%) Oracle Database 12c
17 12 (0.74%) Cloudera CDH
18 11 (0.67%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 221 (13.56%) Jenkins
2 199 (12.21%) Git (software)
3 142 (8.71%) JIRA
4 88 (5.40%) GitLab
5 71 (4.36%) TeamCity
6 67 (4.11%) SonarQube
7 56 (3.44%) Maven
8 45 (2.76%) Sonatype Nexus
9 44 (2.70%) Selenium
10 38 (2.33%) Gradle
11 32 (1.96%) Cucumber
12 30 (1.84%) Artifactory
13 29 (1.78%) Bitbucket
14 21 (1.29%) Visual Studio
15 19 (1.17%) Postman
16 18 (1.10%) Robot Framework
16 18 (1.10%) Subversion
17 17 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
17 17 (1.04%) Visual Studio Team System
18 16 (0.98%) PowerDesigner
General
1 341 (20.92%) Finance
2 282 (17.30%) Social Skills
3 177 (10.86%) Public Sector
4 103 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
5 100 (6.13%) Banking
6 58 (3.56%) Telecoms
7 51 (3.13%) Marketing
8 47 (2.88%) Manufacturing
9 44 (2.70%) Billing
10 39 (2.39%) Influencing Skills
11 35 (2.15%) Front Office
12 34 (2.09%) General Ledger
13 33 (2.02%) Electronics
14 28 (1.72%) Retail
15 26 (1.60%) Back Office
16 24 (1.47%) Law
17 21 (1.29%) Documentation Skills
17 21 (1.29%) Presentation Skills
18 20 (1.23%) Legal
19 16 (0.98%) Games
Job Titles
1 494 (30.31%) Architect
2 268 (16.44%) Azure Engineer
3 229 (14.05%) DevOps Engineer
4 228 (13.99%) Solutions Architect
5 142 (8.71%) Developer
6 134 (8.22%) Cloud Engineer
7 128 (7.85%) Azure Architect
8 119 (7.30%) Cloud Architect
9 103 (6.32%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 80 (4.91%) Azure DevOps
11 73 (4.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 61 (3.74%) Consultant
13 60 (3.68%) Infrastructure Architect
14 55 (3.37%) AWS Architect
14 55 (3.37%) Azure Developer
15 52 (3.19%) Analyst
16 47 (2.88%) AWS Engineer
16 47 (2.88%) Data Engineer
17 45 (2.76%) Platform Engineer
17 45 (2.76%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 194 (11.90%) .NET
2 116 (7.12%) JSON
3 109 (6.69%) REST
4 93 (5.71%) Kafka
5 91 (5.58%) ARM Templates
6 72 (4.42%) Node.js
7 65 (3.99%) Middleware
8 62 (3.80%) .NET Core
9 56 (3.44%) React
10 51 (3.13%) Web Services
11 48 (2.94%) CSS
12 47 (2.88%) RESTful
13 46 (2.82%) OAuth
14 42 (2.58%) SOAP
15 41 (2.52%) .NET Framework
15 41 (2.52%) HTML
16 40 (2.45%) AngularJS
17 37 (2.27%) XML
18 36 (2.21%) Elastic Stack
19 34 (2.09%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 214 (13.13%) Public Cloud
2 109 (6.69%) Cloud Native
2 109 (6.69%) Private Cloud
3 93 (5.71%) Hybrid Cloud
4 69 (4.23%) Data Protection Act
5 61 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
5 61 (3.74%) PKI
6 57 (3.50%) Data Centre
7 54 (3.31%) Replication
8 45 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
9 44 (2.70%) Management Information System
9 44 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
10 35 (2.15%) Mobile App
10 35 (2.15%) User Experience
11 27 (1.66%) Linux Command Line
12 24 (1.47%) Virtual Team
13 23 (1.41%) IoT
14 19 (1.17%) Enterprise Cloud
15 15 (0.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 14 (0.86%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 315 (19.33%) Windows
2 314 (19.26%) Linux
3 107 (6.56%) Unix
4 106 (6.50%) Windows Server
5 45 (2.76%) VMS
6 35 (2.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 28 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 24 (1.47%) Ubuntu
9 18 (1.10%) Windows Server 2016
10 15 (0.92%) CentOS
11 14 (0.86%) Android
12 13 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
13 12 (0.74%) Apple iOS
14 8 (0.49%) Debian
15 7 (0.43%) Solaris
16 5 (0.31%) AIX
17 4 (0.25%) Windows 10
17 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
18 2 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
18 2 (0.12%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 734 (45.03%) DevOps
2 609 (37.36%) CI/CD
3 581 (35.64%) Agile
4 331 (20.31%) Infrastructure as Code
5 302 (18.53%) Microservices
6 267 (16.38%) Migration
7 186 (11.41%) Scrum
8 165 (10.12%) Analytics
9 151 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
10 150 (9.20%) Test Automation
11 143 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
12 128 (7.85%) Data Protection
13 126 (7.73%) Continuous Delivery
14 123 (7.55%) Business Intelligence
15 119 (7.30%) Kanban
15 119 (7.30%) SDLC
16 116 (7.12%) Configuration Management
17 108 (6.63%) ITIL
18 100 (6.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 95 (5.83%) ERP
Programming Languages
1 356 (21.84%) PowerShell
2 298 (18.28%) SQL
3 282 (17.30%) Python
4 170 (10.43%) Java
5 159 (9.75%) C#
6 149 (9.14%) Bash
7 145 (8.90%) JavaScript
8 46 (2.82%) Shell Script
9 35 (2.15%) Ruby
10 31 (1.90%) Go
11 25 (1.53%) Perl
12 24 (1.47%) PL/SQL
13 23 (1.41%) T-SQL
14 22 (1.35%) Groovy
15 18 (1.10%) TypeScript
16 17 (1.04%) C
17 16 (0.98%) C++
18 11 (0.67%) PHP
18 11 (0.67%) R
19 10 (0.61%) Bicep
Qualifications
1 208 (12.76%) Security Cleared
2 175 (10.74%) SC Cleared
3 42 (2.58%) Degree
4 38 (2.33%) ISEB
5 37 (2.27%) ISTQB
6 32 (1.96%) Microsoft Certification
7 22 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
8 21 (1.29%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (1.04%) CISSP
10 16 (0.98%) MCSE
11 14 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
12 13 (0.80%) OCP
12 13 (0.80%) Oracle Certification
13 11 (0.67%) CCIE
13 11 (0.67%) TOGAF Certification
14 10 (0.61%) DV Cleared
15 9 (0.55%) CISM
16 8 (0.49%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.49%) CCIE Security
17 6 (0.37%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (3.93%) QA
2 49 (3.01%) GDPR
3 43 (2.64%) SLA
4 28 (1.72%) Data Quality
5 16 (0.98%) NIST
6 15 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.74%) NCSC
8 10 (0.61%) Accessibility
9 7 (0.43%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.37%) NIST 800
11 3 (0.18%) COBIT
11 3 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.18%) GAAP
11 3 (0.18%) GxP
11 3 (0.18%) JSP 440
11 3 (0.18%) OASIS TOSCA
12 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.12%) RMADS
System Software
1 320 (19.63%) Docker
2 181 (11.10%) Active Directory
3 111 (6.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 64 (3.93%) Virtual Machines
5 39 (2.39%) Hyper-V
6 24 (1.47%) vCloud
7 21 (1.29%) vSphere
8 19 (1.17%) VMware Workstation
9 14 (0.86%) Oracle RAC
10 13 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
11 8 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
12 7 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.18%) Apache Flume
14 2 (0.12%) BitLocker
14 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
15 1 (0.061%) OpenDJ
15 1 (0.061%) Platform Symphony
15 1 (0.061%) VMware NSX
15 1 (0.061%) XenApp
15 1 (0.061%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 500 (30.67%) Terraform
2 389 (23.87%) Kubernetes
3 216 (13.25%) Ansible
4 78 (4.79%) Puppet
5 39 (2.39%) Prometheus
6 37 (2.27%) Grafana
6 37 (2.27%) SCCM
7 34 (2.09%) Single Sign-On
8 31 (1.90%) Consul
9 29 (1.78%) Kibana
10 23 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
11 20 (1.23%) Netcool
11 20 (1.23%) SCVMM
12 19 (1.17%) logstash
13 16 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (0.98%) Microsoft Intune
13 16 (0.98%) Packer
14 14 (0.86%) Data Guard
15 13 (0.80%) Rancher
16 11 (0.67%) CASB
Vendors
1 568 (34.85%) Microsoft
2 220 (13.50%) Oracle
3 154 (9.45%) VMware
4 100 (6.13%) Databricks
5 85 (5.21%) SAP
6 84 (5.15%) Google
7 64 (3.93%) Splunk
8 49 (3.01%) Red Hat
9 47 (2.88%) IBM
10 45 (2.76%) Citrix
11 44 (2.70%) ServiceNow
12 42 (2.58%) Salesforce.com
13 38 (2.33%) AppDynamics
13 38 (2.33%) Cisco
14 33 (2.02%) MuleSoft
15 32 (1.96%) F5
16 28 (1.72%) Sitecore
17 26 (1.60%) CA
17 26 (1.60%) New Relic
18 25 (1.53%) CyberArk