Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PaaS over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Platform as a Service (PaaS)
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 140 167 163
Rank change year-on-year +27 -4 +52
Contract jobs citing PaaS 766 1,167 1,744
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.83% 1.61% 1.75%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.49% 5.43% 6.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 675 747 1,207
Median daily rate £515 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.90% -4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £400
90th Percentile £663 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £501 £525
% change year-on-year -0.10% -4.67% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 15 2
Median hourly rate £14.00 £80.00 £62.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -82.50% +27.15% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £80.00 £66.00
% change year-on-year -50.00% +21.21% -

PaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 13,946 21,490 25,227
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.39% 29.74% 25.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,890 14,969 17,738
Median daily rate £495 £490 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.02% -1.90% +5.16%
10th Percentile £302 £275 £302
90th Percentile £650 £669 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £448 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -0.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 270 329 285
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -3.34%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.10 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £68.25 £42.30
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.50 £17.43
% change year-on-year +8.11% +6.14% +2.53%

PaaS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Daily rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PaaS.

Hourly rate trend for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PaaS over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PaaS in the UK

PaaS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PaaS within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +23 613 £525 -1.64% 264
London +50 369 £550 -3.51% 109
Work from Home -15 261 £525 -6.67% 41
UK excluding London -13 253 £500 -0.10% 160
North of England +28 71 £500 +3.90% 41
South East -23 69 £473 -12.09% 30
Scotland -2 37 £500 - 2
Yorkshire +21 35 £450 -17.43% 14
South West +66 34 £500 +2.04% 18
North West +33 32 £525 +16.67% 23
Midlands -12 26 £525 +2.44% 43
East of England +44 12 £498 -5.24% 19
East Midlands +47 11 £438 -17.06% 22
West Midlands -24 11 £525 +5.00% 21
Wales +23 5 £425 -4.23% 6
North East +20 3 £300 -29.41% 4

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PaaS.

1 478 (62.40%) Azure
2 423 (55.22%) IaaS
3 345 (45.04%) DevOps
4 256 (33.42%) SaaS
5 238 (31.07%) Agile Software Development
5 238 (31.07%) AWS
6 199 (25.98%) Microsoft
7 194 (25.33%) Terraform
8 153 (19.97%) Kubernetes
9 152 (19.84%) Jenkins
10 148 (19.32%) Windows
11 144 (18.80%) Python
11 144 (18.80%) Java
12 136 (17.75%) Finance
13 133 (17.36%) SQL
14 128 (16.71%) PowerShell
15 127 (16.58%) Security Cleared
15 127 (16.58%) Microservices
16 121 (15.80%) Git (software)
17 119 (15.54%) Linux
18 118 (15.40%) Docker
19 117 (15.27%) GCP
20 110 (14.36%) Test Automation
21 108 (14.10%) SC Cleared
21 108 (14.10%) Ansible
22 103 (13.45%) Infrastructure as Code
23 100 (13.05%) .NET
24 97 (12.66%) Continuous Integration
24 97 (12.66%) REST
25 93 (12.14%) Active Directory

PaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (8.62%) Cloud Foundry
2 42 (5.48%) Confluence
3 27 (3.52%) Mule
3 27 (3.52%) nginx
4 23 (3.00%) SharePoint
5 13 (1.70%) JBoss
6 11 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 8 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
8 7 (0.91%) Skype for Business
8 7 (0.91%) WebSphere
9 6 (0.78%) NetWeaver
9 6 (0.78%) WebLogic
10 5 (0.65%) CMS
10 5 (0.65%) WordPress
11 4 (0.52%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.52%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.39%) SAS
13 2 (0.26%) Apache
13 2 (0.26%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 9 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.39%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 9 (1.17%) Oracle ERP
2 4 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
2 4 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle Cash Management
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle Payables
2 4 (0.52%) Oracle Receivables
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle General Ledger
3 3 (0.39%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle iRecruitment
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 478 (62.40%) Azure
2 423 (55.22%) IaaS
3 256 (33.42%) SaaS
4 238 (31.07%) AWS
5 117 (15.27%) GCP
6 81 (10.57%) Serverless
7 63 (8.22%) GitHub
7 63 (8.22%) Office 365
8 46 (6.01%) Cloud Computing
9 37 (4.83%) Azure Active Directory
10 30 (3.92%) OpenShift
11 29 (3.79%) Azure Functions
12 28 (3.66%) Slack
13 27 (3.52%) npm
14 24 (3.13%) AWS CloudFormation
15 20 (2.61%) Power Platform
16 18 (2.35%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 17 (2.22%) AWS Lambda
18 12 (1.57%) Amazon ECS
19 11 (1.44%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 87 (11.36%) Firewall
2 60 (7.83%) DNS
3 42 (5.48%) VPN
4 39 (5.09%) WAN
5 32 (4.18%) Internet
6 21 (2.74%) Network Security
7 19 (2.48%) LAN
8 18 (2.35%) Wireless
9 16 (2.09%) DHCP
9 16 (2.09%) TCP/IP
10 15 (1.96%) Skype
11 13 (1.70%) DMZ
11 13 (1.70%) HTTP
12 12 (1.57%) VoIP
13 11 (1.44%) Intrusion Detection
14 10 (1.31%) Intranet
14 10 (1.31%) Kerberos
14 10 (1.31%) Multicast
15 9 (1.17%) SSL
16 8 (1.04%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (8.62%) SQL Server
2 64 (8.36%) Azure SQL Database
3 57 (7.44%) Cosmos DB
4 33 (4.31%) Big Data
5 29 (3.79%) BigQuery
6 27 (3.52%) NoSQL
7 21 (2.74%) Relational Database
8 20 (2.61%) Data Lake
9 17 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
10 16 (2.09%) MongoDB
11 15 (1.96%) Redis
12 14 (1.83%) Power BI
13 12 (1.57%) RDBMS
14 11 (1.44%) Hadoop
15 10 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
15 10 (1.31%) MySQL
16 9 (1.17%) HDInsight
17 8 (1.04%) Oracle Database
18 6 (0.78%) SAP HANA
18 6 (0.78%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 152 (19.84%) Jenkins
2 121 (15.80%) Git (software)
3 60 (7.83%) JIRA
3 60 (7.83%) Maven
4 40 (5.22%) JUnit
5 35 (4.57%) Gradle
6 34 (4.44%) Sonatype Nexus
7 33 (4.31%) IntelliJ
8 32 (4.18%) Travis CI
9 31 (4.05%) CircleCI
10 30 (3.92%) Android Studio
10 30 (3.92%) gulp
11 28 (3.66%) Mockito
12 27 (3.52%) CocoaPods
12 27 (3.52%) Xcode
13 24 (3.13%) Bitbucket
14 23 (3.00%) GitLab
15 22 (2.87%) TeamCity
16 17 (2.22%) Octopus Deploy
16 17 (2.22%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 136 (17.75%) Finance
2 75 (9.79%) Public Sector
3 69 (9.01%) Banking
4 18 (2.35%) Retail
5 10 (1.31%) Manufacturing
5 10 (1.31%) Pharmaceutical
6 8 (1.04%) Billing
6 8 (1.04%) Law
7 6 (0.78%) Marketing
8 5 (0.65%) Investment Banking
8 5 (0.65%) Retail Finance
9 4 (0.52%) Back Office
9 4 (0.52%) Financial Institution
9 4 (0.52%) Games
9 4 (0.52%) General Ledger
9 4 (0.52%) Retail Banking
9 4 (0.52%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.39%) German Language
10 3 (0.39%) Italian Language
11 2 (0.26%) French Language
Job Titles
1 241 (31.46%) Architect
2 126 (16.45%) DevOps Engineer
3 110 (14.36%) Developer
4 97 (12.66%) Azure Engineer
5 63 (8.22%) Azure Architect
6 57 (7.44%) Consultant
7 56 (7.31%) Cloud Architect
8 54 (7.05%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 51 (6.66%) Solutions Architect
10 42 (5.48%) Cloud Engineer
11 37 (4.83%) Azure DevOps
12 29 (3.79%) Enterprise Architect
12 29 (3.79%) Technical Architect
13 28 (3.66%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 27 (3.52%) Data Architect
15 24 (3.13%) AWS Architect
16 23 (3.00%) Azure Consultant
17 21 (2.74%) Java Developer
18 20 (2.61%) Cloud Consultant
19 19 (2.48%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (13.05%) .NET
2 97 (12.66%) REST
3 78 (10.18%) Node.js
4 61 (7.96%) JSON
5 57 (7.44%) Spring
6 51 (6.66%) React
6 51 (6.66%) Web Services
7 47 (6.14%) CSS
8 43 (5.61%) HTML
8 43 (5.61%) Spring Boot
9 41 (5.35%) RESTful
10 40 (5.22%) .NET Framework
11 36 (4.70%) .NET Core
12 27 (3.52%) WireMock
13 23 (3.00%) Middleware
14 20 (2.61%) YAML
15 19 (2.48%) Oracle Fusion
16 18 (2.35%) jQuery
16 18 (2.35%) SOAP
16 18 (2.35%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 83 (10.84%) Public Cloud
2 50 (6.53%) Cloud Native
3 48 (6.27%) Hybrid Cloud
4 42 (5.48%) Data Centre
5 41 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
6 35 (4.57%) Mobile App
7 31 (4.05%) Self-Motivation
8 28 (3.66%) Enterprise Cloud
8 28 (3.66%) PKI
9 26 (3.39%) Enterprise Software
10 21 (2.74%) Private Cloud
11 19 (2.48%) Clustering
11 19 (2.48%) Management Information System
12 17 (2.22%) N-Tier
13 16 (2.09%) Credit Risk
13 16 (2.09%) User Experience
14 13 (1.70%) iPad
15 12 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
16 11 (1.44%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 10 (1.31%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 148 (19.32%) Windows
2 119 (15.54%) Linux
3 59 (7.70%) Windows Server
4 31 (4.05%) Android
5 28 (3.66%) Apple iOS
6 25 (3.26%) Unix
7 21 (2.74%) Windows Server 2016
8 19 (2.48%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (2.22%) Windows Server 2019
10 15 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (1.96%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (1.70%) Windows 10
12 11 (1.44%) Solaris
13 9 (1.17%) CentOS
14 6 (0.78%) AIX
14 6 (0.78%) VMS
15 3 (0.39%) CoreOS
15 3 (0.39%) Debian
15 3 (0.39%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.26%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (45.04%) DevOps
2 238 (31.07%) Agile Software Development
3 127 (16.58%) Microservices
4 110 (14.36%) Test Automation
5 103 (13.45%) Infrastructure as Code
6 97 (12.66%) Continuous Integration
7 75 (9.79%) Migration
8 74 (9.66%) Scrum
9 70 (9.14%) TDD
10 58 (7.57%) Kanban
11 57 (7.44%) High Availability
11 57 (7.44%) Open Source
12 56 (7.31%) Stakeholder Management
13 54 (7.05%) TOGAF
14 53 (6.92%) Configuration Management
14 53 (6.92%) Software Engineering
15 52 (6.79%) Analytics
16 51 (6.66%) Mentoring
17 48 (6.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 46 (6.01%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 144 (18.80%) Java
1 144 (18.80%) Python
2 133 (17.36%) SQL
3 128 (16.71%) PowerShell
4 78 (10.18%) C#
5 66 (8.62%) JavaScript
6 44 (5.74%) Bash Shell
7 41 (5.35%) Kotlin
8 34 (4.44%) Groovy
9 30 (3.92%) Java 8
10 27 (3.52%) Apple Swift
11 24 (3.13%) Ruby
12 23 (3.00%) TypeScript
13 21 (2.74%) Go
14 18 (2.35%) PHP
15 13 (1.70%) Scala
15 13 (1.70%) Shell Script
16 12 (1.57%) PL/SQL
17 8 (1.04%) Perl
18 6 (0.78%) C++
Qualifications
1 127 (16.58%) Security Cleared
2 108 (14.10%) SC Cleared
3 24 (3.13%) Microsoft Certification
4 23 (3.00%) CISSP
5 19 (2.48%) Degree
6 13 (1.70%) CISM
7 12 (1.57%) TOGAF Certification
8 11 (1.44%) AWS Certification
9 10 (1.31%) CESG Certified Professional
9 10 (1.31%) CRISC
10 7 (0.91%) PMI Certification
11 6 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
11 6 (0.78%) MCSE
11 6 (0.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 5 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
12 5 (0.65%) CCNA
12 5 (0.65%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.52%) CISA
13 4 (0.52%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (4.57%) NIST
2 17 (2.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.70%) GDPR
4 11 (1.44%) Cyber Essentials
4 11 (1.44%) NCSC
5 9 (1.17%) JSP 440
5 9 (1.17%) PCI DSS
5 9 (1.17%) QA
6 7 (0.91%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 6 (0.78%) COBIT
7 6 (0.78%) SLA
8 4 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.39%) Basel III
9 3 (0.39%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.39%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.26%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.13%) PMO
11 1 (0.13%) PSD2
System Software
1 118 (15.40%) Docker
2 93 (12.14%) Active Directory
3 52 (6.79%) Virtual Machines
4 41 (5.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 28 (3.66%) Hyper-V
6 8 (1.04%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (1.04%) vSphere
7 6 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
7 6 (0.78%) Xen
8 5 (0.65%) KVM
9 4 (0.52%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.39%) ProxySG
10 3 (0.39%) Snort
11 2 (0.26%) LXC
12 1 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.13%) DFS Replication
12 1 (0.13%) UAG
12 1 (0.13%) Veritas File System
12 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 194 (25.33%) Terraform
2 153 (19.97%) Kubernetes
3 108 (14.10%) Ansible
4 57 (7.44%) Opscode Chef
5 29 (3.79%) Argo
6 27 (3.52%) Puppet
7 18 (2.35%) Grafana
7 18 (2.35%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (1.96%) Microsoft Intune
8 15 (1.96%) SCCM
9 12 (1.57%) Kibana
10 11 (1.44%) Consul
11 9 (1.17%) CASB
11 9 (1.17%) Nessus
12 7 (0.91%) Prometheus
12 7 (0.91%) ZABBIX
13 6 (0.78%) logstash
13 6 (0.78%) Microsoft Clustering
13 6 (0.78%) Packer
14 4 (0.52%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 199 (25.98%) Microsoft
2 83 (10.84%) Oracle
3 77 (10.05%) Google
4 64 (8.36%) Splunk
5 49 (6.40%) VMware
6 36 (4.70%) Red Hat
7 30 (3.92%) Cisco
8 28 (3.66%) AppDynamics
9 25 (3.26%) ServiceNow
10 21 (2.74%) Databricks
11 20 (2.61%) Atlassian
12 17 (2.22%) Palo Alto
13 15 (1.96%) SAP
14 13 (1.70%) Fortinet
15 12 (1.57%) Dell
16 11 (1.44%) Citrix
17 10 (1.31%) IBM
17 10 (1.31%) MuleSoft
17 10 (1.31%) New Relic
17 10 (1.31%) Salesforce.com