Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 180 149 104
Rank change year-on-year -31 -45 -6
Contract jobs citing XML 1,373 1,236 964
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.53% 1.86% 2.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.69% 6.12% 7.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 957 821 627
10th Percentile £400 £356 £319
25th Percentile £463 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £650 £584 £550
90th Percentile £763 £688 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £433 £451
% change year-on-year +15.47% -3.99% +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 30 17
10th Percentile £24.42 £25.08 £35.49
25th Percentile £38.69 £49.43 £37.16
Median hourly rate £47.50 £63.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -24.60% +26.00% +4.54%
75th Percentile £50.00 £65.89 £58.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £72.67 £68.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £63.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -24.60% +26.00% -9.09%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,144 20,198 12,618
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.96% 30.44% 30.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,731 14,390 8,926
10th Percentile £400 £350 £333
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £671 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £505 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +12.22% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 233 200 115
10th Percentile £20.60 £19.35 £20.28
25th Percentile £35.00 £27.67 £30.43
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% - +0.19%
75th Percentile £65.75 £56.75 £56.75
90th Percentile £75.39 £66.05 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £40.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +37.50% -11.11% +3.45%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -44 1,120 £550 +10.00% 258
Work from Home -35 669 £540 +12.50% 112
London -29 637 £600 +14.29% 103
UK excluding London -37 456 £500 +15.47% 162
South East -39 128 £525 +16.67% 34
Midlands +5 122 £459 +26.62% 43
West Midlands -15 94 £434 +19.72% 35
North of England -52 74 £525 +12.60% 39
North West -12 58 £525 +10.53% 18
Scotland -26 54 £463 +8.82% 3
East of England -53 33 £574 +27.56% 18
East Midlands +8 27 £533 +33.13% 8
South West -11 23 £450 -2.70% 17
Wales +6 21 £550 +37.50% 7
Yorkshire -40 12 £425 -12.82% 16
North East -18 4 £369 -8.95% 5
Northern Ireland -1 3 £508 +5.18% 1

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 668 (48.65%) SQL
2 639 (46.54%) JSON
3 535 (38.97%) Java
4 503 (36.64%) Agile
5 425 (30.95%) JavaScript
6 382 (27.82%) REST
7 369 (26.88%) Web Services
8 362 (26.37%) SOAP
9 344 (25.05%) HTML
10 339 (24.69%) Social Skills
11 335 (24.40%) Oracle
12 280 (20.39%) DevOps
13 273 (19.88%) C#
14 269 (19.59%) .NET
15 268 (19.52%) Finance
16 254 (18.50%) Azure
17 252 (18.35%) CSS
18 251 (18.28%) Git (software)
19 228 (16.61%) JIRA
20 224 (16.31%) Microsoft
21 221 (16.10%) Windows
22 216 (15.73%) SQL Server
23 213 (15.51%) Jenkins
24 202 (14.71%) Banking
25 200 (14.57%) Python
25 200 (14.57%) Problem-Solving
26 189 (13.77%) Linux
27 188 (13.69%) Spring
28 183 (13.33%) Microservices
29 177 (12.89%) Test Automation

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (7.65%) Confluence
2 49 (3.57%) Apache
3 43 (3.13%) Tomcat
4 41 (2.99%) CMS
5 37 (2.69%) WebLogic
6 35 (2.55%) Oracle Workflow
7 33 (2.40%) WebSphere
8 23 (1.68%) BizTalk Server
8 23 (1.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 22 (1.60%) JBoss
10 21 (1.53%) IIS
11 18 (1.31%) NetWeaver
12 17 (1.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 16 (1.17%) Umbraco
14 14 (1.02%) DataSynapse
15 12 (0.87%) Mule
15 12 (0.87%) SharePoint
16 11 (0.80%) Apache Solr
16 11 (0.80%) MQSeries
17 10 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 85 (6.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (2.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 29 (2.11%) MS Visio
4 24 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
5 20 (1.46%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.15%) FrameMaker
7 2 (0.15%) XMetaL
8 1 (0.073%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.073%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.073%) InDesign
8 1 (0.073%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 36 (2.62%) Oracle ERP
2 28 (2.04%) Oracle EBS
3 18 (1.31%) NetSuite
4 17 (1.24%) Oracle Receivables
5 16 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 16 (1.17%) Oracle 11i
5 16 (1.17%) SAP FI-CA
5 16 (1.17%) SAP PSCD
6 13 (0.95%) Primavera
7 12 (0.87%) Oracle EBS R12
7 12 (0.87%) Oracle Utilities
8 11 (0.80%) Shopify
9 10 (0.73%) Oracle BPM
9 10 (0.73%) Oracle Cash Management
10 9 (0.66%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 7 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
12 6 (0.44%) Carpe Diem
12 6 (0.44%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 6 (0.44%) Elite 3E
12 6 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 254 (18.50%) Azure
2 156 (11.36%) AWS
3 91 (6.63%) Azure DevOps
4 78 (5.68%) SaaS
5 59 (4.30%) PaaS
6 57 (4.15%) GitHub
7 55 (4.01%) Power Platform
8 38 (2.77%) Serverless
9 31 (2.26%) GCP
10 29 (2.11%) IaaS
11 28 (2.04%) Azure Logic Apps
12 23 (1.68%) Dynamics 365
13 19 (1.38%) Azure Data Factory
13 19 (1.38%) Azure Service Bus
13 19 (1.38%) Boomi
14 18 (1.31%) Azure Functions
15 17 (1.24%) Amazon S3
15 17 (1.24%) Cloud Computing
16 16 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
17 15 (1.09%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 96 (6.99%) HTTP
2 46 (3.35%) TCP/IP
3 35 (2.55%) Firewall
4 33 (2.40%) DNS
5 26 (1.89%) FTP
6 21 (1.53%) SSL
7 17 (1.24%) SMTP
8 14 (1.02%) MQTT
9 12 (0.87%) VPN
10 11 (0.80%) POP3
11 10 (0.73%) LAN
11 10 (0.73%) Network Security
11 10 (0.73%) SNMP
12 8 (0.58%) DMZ
12 8 (0.58%) HTTPS
12 8 (0.58%) Internet
13 7 (0.51%) SAN
13 7 (0.51%) WinSCP
14 6 (0.44%) WAN
15 5 (0.36%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 216 (15.73%) SQL Server
2 157 (11.43%) Relational Database
3 95 (6.92%) Oracle Database
4 72 (5.24%) PostgreSQL
5 70 (5.10%) MySQL
6 66 (4.81%) NoSQL
7 57 (4.15%) Data Warehouse
8 50 (3.64%) MongoDB
9 48 (3.50%) Oracle Database 12c
10 41 (2.99%) DB2
10 41 (2.99%) RDBMS
11 39 (2.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 35 (2.55%) Power BI
13 29 (2.11%) Oracle Reports
14 26 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 22 (1.60%) BusinessObjects
15 22 (1.60%) SQLPlus
16 20 (1.46%) Oracle BI Publisher
17 19 (1.38%) Metadata
17 19 (1.38%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 251 (18.28%) Git (software)
2 228 (16.61%) JIRA
3 213 (15.51%) Jenkins
4 92 (6.70%) SoapUI
5 90 (6.55%) Maven
6 84 (6.12%) Visual Studio
7 81 (5.90%) Postman
8 74 (5.39%) Subversion
9 70 (5.10%) Selenium
10 60 (4.37%) Bitbucket
11 57 (4.15%) Cucumber
12 44 (3.20%) GitLab
13 35 (2.55%) Eclipse
13 35 (2.55%) JUnit
14 34 (2.48%) JMeter
15 29 (2.11%) TeamCity
16 28 (2.04%) Gradle
17 27 (1.97%) Ant
18 25 (1.82%) Toad
19 24 (1.75%) Oracle Forms
General
1 339 (24.69%) Social Skills
2 268 (19.52%) Finance
3 202 (14.71%) Banking
4 127 (9.25%) Analytical Skills
5 97 (7.06%) Investment Banking
6 91 (6.63%) Public Sector
7 65 (4.73%) Front Office
8 35 (2.55%) Back Office
9 23 (1.68%) Organisational Skills
9 23 (1.68%) Telecoms
10 21 (1.53%) Manufacturing
11 20 (1.46%) Legal
11 20 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
12 19 (1.38%) Marketing
13 18 (1.31%) Documentation Skills
14 17 (1.24%) Retail
15 15 (1.09%) Automotive
15 15 (1.09%) Billing
16 14 (1.02%) Law
17 10 (0.73%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 662 (48.22%) Developer
2 183 (13.33%) Analyst
3 168 (12.24%) Java Developer
4 130 (9.47%) Architect
5 94 (6.85%) Consultant
6 77 (5.61%) C++ Developer
6 77 (5.61%) Senior Developer
7 62 (4.52%) .NET Developer
8 59 (4.30%) Solutions Architect
8 59 (4.30%) Test Analyst
9 57 (4.15%) C# Developer
10 52 (3.79%) Business Analyst
11 46 (3.35%) Full Stack Developer
12 40 (2.91%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 38 (2.77%) Senior Java Developer
14 33 (2.40%) Oracle Specialist
14 33 (2.40%) ServiceNow Developer
15 31 (2.26%) C++/C# Developer
16 29 (2.11%) SQL Developer
17 28 (2.04%) Technical Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 639 (46.54%) JSON
2 382 (27.82%) REST
3 369 (26.88%) Web Services
4 362 (26.37%) SOAP
5 344 (25.05%) HTML
6 269 (19.59%) .NET
7 252 (18.35%) CSS
8 188 (13.69%) Spring
9 175 (12.75%) RESTful
10 149 (10.85%) XSLT
11 122 (8.89%) Spring Boot
12 105 (7.65%) .NET Framework
13 104 (7.57%) React
14 98 (7.14%) AngularJS
14 98 (7.14%) jQuery
15 94 (6.85%) ASP.NET
16 90 (6.55%) Ajax
17 80 (5.83%) J2EE
18 75 (5.46%) HTML5
19 73 (5.32%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 59 (4.30%) Derivative
2 56 (4.08%) User Experience
3 51 (3.71%) Fixed Income
4 38 (2.77%) Mobile App
5 33 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
6 32 (2.33%) CMDB
6 32 (2.33%) SWIFT
7 30 (2.18%) Data Structures
8 27 (1.97%) Data Protection Act
9 26 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 26 (1.89%) Management Information System
10 24 (1.75%) DataPower
11 21 (1.53%) Greenfield Project
11 21 (1.53%) Wiki
12 20 (1.46%) Interest Rate Derivative
12 20 (1.46%) Swaptions
13 18 (1.31%) Equities
14 17 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
14 17 (1.24%) Public Cloud
14 17 (1.24%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 221 (16.10%) Windows
2 189 (13.77%) Linux
3 154 (11.22%) Unix
4 21 (1.53%) AIX
5 20 (1.46%) Windows 10
6 17 (1.24%) Solaris
7 16 (1.17%) Apple iOS
8 15 (1.09%) Android
9 7 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.22%) SUSE
11 2 (0.15%) Debian
11 2 (0.15%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.073%) HPUX
12 1 (0.073%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.073%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.073%) VMS
12 1 (0.073%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 503 (36.64%) Agile
2 280 (20.39%) DevOps
3 200 (14.57%) Problem-Solving
4 183 (13.33%) Microservices
5 177 (12.89%) Test Automation
6 163 (11.87%) Scrum
7 157 (11.43%) CI/CD
8 129 (9.40%) OO
9 125 (9.10%) TDD
10 122 (8.89%) Data Modelling
11 104 (7.57%) Business Intelligence
12 99 (7.21%) ETL
12 99 (7.21%) SOA
13 98 (7.14%) Unit Testing
14 92 (6.70%) Migration
15 91 (6.63%) MVC
16 90 (6.55%) Continuous Integration
17 89 (6.48%) Analytics
18 88 (6.41%) Workflow
19 86 (6.26%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 668 (48.65%) SQL
2 535 (38.97%) Java
3 425 (30.95%) JavaScript
4 273 (19.88%) C#
5 200 (14.57%) Python
6 160 (11.65%) PL/SQL
7 108 (7.87%) C++
8 88 (6.41%) PowerShell
9 72 (5.24%) Shell Script
10 64 (4.66%) TypeScript
11 53 (3.86%) PHP
12 42 (3.06%) T-SQL
13 31 (2.26%) XPath
14 29 (2.11%) C
15 24 (1.75%) Bash
15 24 (1.75%) VB.NET
16 23 (1.68%) Groovy
17 21 (1.53%) ABAP
17 21 (1.53%) Perl
18 17 (1.24%) Korn
Qualifications
1 159 (11.58%) Security Cleared
2 137 (9.98%) SC Cleared
3 66 (4.81%) Degree
4 41 (2.99%) ISTQB
5 38 (2.77%) ISEB
6 37 (2.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 31 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
8 22 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
9 20 (1.46%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.95%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.66%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
13 6 (0.44%) PMI Certification
13 6 (0.44%) PMP
14 4 (0.29%) CEH
14 4 (0.29%) CISSP
14 4 (0.29%) CSSLP
14 4 (0.29%) GIAC
14 4 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.22%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (7.14%) QA
2 19 (1.38%) GDPR
3 13 (0.95%) Accessibility
3 13 (0.95%) EMIR
4 11 (0.80%) SEPA
5 10 (0.73%) ISO 20022
5 10 (0.73%) SLA
6 9 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.66%) MiFID
6 9 (0.66%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.58%) NIST
8 7 (0.51%) Dodd-Frank
8 7 (0.51%) SOC 2
9 6 (0.44%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.29%) Actionable Recommendations
11 3 (0.22%) NCSC
11 3 (0.22%) WCAG
12 2 (0.15%) HL7
13 1 (0.073%) Disclosure Scotland
13 1 (0.073%) PMO
System Software
1 109 (7.94%) Docker
2 40 (2.91%) Active Directory
3 23 (1.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (1.17%) VMware NSX
6 15 (1.09%) vSphere
7 5 (0.36%) KVM
8 4 (0.29%) NFS
9 3 (0.22%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.15%) Firmware
11 1 (0.073%) HDFS
11 1 (0.073%) NDS
11 1 (0.073%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 1 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 74 (5.39%) Kubernetes
2 56 (4.08%) Ansible
3 29 (2.11%) Single Sign-On
4 16 (1.17%) Grafana
4 16 (1.17%) Terraform
4 16 (1.17%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
5 15 (1.09%) WMI
6 14 (1.02%) Kibana
7 12 (0.87%) BladeLogic
7 12 (0.87%) PowerCLI
7 12 (0.87%) vRealize
8 10 (0.73%) Nessus
9 8 (0.58%) logstash
9 8 (0.58%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 7 (0.51%) MOM
11 6 (0.44%) CA Service Virtualization
11 6 (0.44%) HP ALM
11 6 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
12 5 (0.36%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.36%) Rancher
Vendors
1 335 (24.40%) Oracle
2 224 (16.31%) Microsoft
3 78 (5.68%) IBM
4 74 (5.39%) SAP
5 71 (5.17%) ServiceNow
6 41 (2.99%) Salesforce.com
7 30 (2.18%) Red Hat
8 29 (2.11%) TIBCO
9 27 (1.97%) Google
9 27 (1.97%) VMware
10 26 (1.89%) Adobe
10 26 (1.89%) MuleSoft
11 25 (1.82%) Splunk
12 22 (1.60%) webMethods
13 20 (1.46%) Atlassian
14 16 (1.17%) Green Hat
15 15 (1.09%) SolarWinds
16 14 (1.02%) Dell
17 13 (0.95%) Informatica
18 12 (0.87%) Bloomberg