Period
to 21 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 21 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 92 80 55
Rank change year-on-year -12 -25 +3
Contract jobs citing XML 2,457 3,013 3,408
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 2.98% 3.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.81% 9.13% 11.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,604 1,990 2,239
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £285
90th Percentile £600 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £425 £385
% change year-on-year +0.59% +10.39% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 52 86
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +10.81% +6.32%
10th Percentile £23.47 £17.52 £21.63
90th Percentile £60.00 £80.16 £55.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £39.00
% change year-on-year - +8.97% +6.85%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,444 33,008 29,047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.86% 32.63% 31.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,151 23,259 20,040
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +9.20% +2.35%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 325 332 366
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +1.23% +4.52%
10th Percentile £18.28 £17.03 £15.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +3.23%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 21 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 2,195 £475 +5.56% 143
UK excluding London -8 1,421 £428 +0.59% 119
London -28 981 £513 +2.50% 28
South East -12 438 £450 - 27
North of England +11 294 £425 - 42
Midlands -8 196 £425 +10.75% 16
South West -12 151 £463 +8.82% 20
West Midlands -3 146 £425 +6.25% 8
North West +13 135 £425 +3.03% 30
Scotland -2 135 £450 +18.42% 2
East of England -28 127 £483 -3.50% 10
Yorkshire -7 113 £431 +1.47% 8
Wales +7 58 £375 +16.46% 2
North East +4 46 £400 -5.88% 4
East Midlands -25 46 £400 +8.11% 8
Northern Ireland +27 29 £419 -1.53%
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 1,117 (45.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,036 (42.17%) JSON
3 974 (39.64%) SQL
4 944 (38.42%) Java
5 897 (36.51%) JavaScript
6 867 (35.29%) HTML
7 835 (33.98%) Web Services
8 718 (29.22%) SOAP
9 613 (24.95%) CSS
10 581 (23.65%) REST
11 567 (23.08%) Oracle
12 480 (19.54%) .NET
13 471 (19.17%) C#
14 444 (18.07%) Finance
15 443 (18.03%) SQL Server
16 405 (16.48%) Git (software)
17 361 (14.69%) Microsoft
18 344 (14.00%) TDD
19 337 (13.72%) Linux
20 321 (13.06%) Test Automation
20 321 (13.06%) RESTful
21 314 (12.78%) Scrum
22 313 (12.74%) Spring
23 305 (12.41%) Windows
24 302 (12.29%) HTML5
25 294 (11.97%) Jenkins
26 288 (11.72%) AngularJS
27 267 (10.87%) jQuery
28 261 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
29 258 (10.50%) Python

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 165 (6.72%) WebLogic
2 162 (6.59%) Apache
3 144 (5.86%) CMS
4 140 (5.70%) Tomcat
5 116 (4.72%) JBoss
6 98 (3.99%) Confluence
7 93 (3.79%) SharePoint
8 83 (3.38%) WebSphere
9 81 (3.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 60 (2.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 46 (1.87%) Mule
12 45 (1.83%) Oracle Service Bus
13 44 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
14 39 (1.59%) nginx
15 37 (1.51%) Apache Spark
16 36 (1.47%) IIS
16 36 (1.47%) Oracle Workflow
17 34 (1.38%) WebSphere Application Server
18 31 (1.26%) Apache Solr
19 30 (1.22%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 81 (3.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (1.10%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 19 (0.77%) MS Visio
6 18 (0.73%) Chatbot
7 13 (0.53%) XMetaL
8 11 (0.45%) Camtasia
9 10 (0.41%) InfoPath
10 9 (0.37%) SPSS
11 7 (0.28%) Photoshop
12 3 (0.12%) CATIA
12 3 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
13 2 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.041%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 1 (0.041%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 51 (2.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (1.02%) Oracle EBS
3 20 (0.81%) Workday HCM
4 19 (0.77%) Oracle Financials
4 19 (0.77%) Oracle Payables
5 18 (0.73%) SAP ERP
6 17 (0.69%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 16 (0.65%) Oracle Receivables
7 16 (0.65%) SAP Hybris
8 13 (0.53%) Oracle Assets
9 12 (0.49%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 11 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
11 10 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
11 10 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
12 9 (0.37%) Oracle Cash Management
12 9 (0.37%) Oracle General Ledger
12 9 (0.37%) Oracle iProcurement
13 8 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
14 7 (0.28%) Oracle Internet Expenses
14 7 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 255 (10.38%) Microsoft Azure
2 203 (8.26%) Amazon AWS
3 116 (4.72%) SaaS
4 89 (3.62%) PaaS
5 77 (3.13%) GitHub
6 63 (2.56%) IaaS
7 48 (1.95%) Amazon S3
8 46 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
9 45 (1.83%) Serverless
10 40 (1.63%) Dynamics 365
10 40 (1.63%) Office 365
11 39 (1.59%) Amazon SQS
11 39 (1.59%) Boomi
12 35 (1.42%) Google Analytics
13 30 (1.22%) Apigee
14 27 (1.10%) Azure Functions
15 25 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 24 (0.98%) Amazon Glacier
16 24 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
17 22 (0.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 132 (5.37%) HTTP
2 89 (3.62%) SSL
3 59 (2.40%) TCP/IP
4 45 (1.83%) Internet
5 30 (1.22%) Firewall
5 30 (1.22%) FTP
6 27 (1.10%) DNS
7 24 (0.98%) Kerberos
8 22 (0.90%) VPN
9 18 (0.73%) Skype
10 16 (0.65%) DHCP
11 12 (0.49%) HTTPS
11 12 (0.49%) SNMP
12 11 (0.45%) LAN
13 10 (0.41%) Bluetooth
13 10 (0.41%) WAN
14 9 (0.37%) SMTP
15 8 (0.33%) SAN
16 7 (0.28%) NAS
16 7 (0.28%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 443 (18.03%) SQL Server
2 256 (10.42%) Relational Database
3 156 (6.35%) NoSQL
4 131 (5.33%) MongoDB
5 101 (4.11%) RDBMS
6 96 (3.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 93 (3.79%) Oracle Database
8 92 (3.74%) MySQL
9 90 (3.66%) PostgreSQL
10 89 (3.62%) Big Data
11 87 (3.54%) Data Warehouse
12 62 (2.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 59 (2.40%) Power BI
14 53 (2.16%) Oracle Reports
15 46 (1.87%) DB2
16 41 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
17 39 (1.59%) Hadoop
18 35 (1.42%) BusinessObjects
19 28 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
20 27 (1.10%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 405 (16.48%) Git (software)
2 294 (11.97%) Jenkins
3 242 (9.85%) JIRA
4 198 (8.06%) Maven
5 174 (7.08%) Selenium
6 149 (6.06%) JUnit
7 140 (5.70%) Eclipse
8 134 (5.45%) Cucumber
9 132 (5.37%) Visual Studio
10 123 (5.01%) Subversion
11 115 (4.68%) Team Foundation Server
12 99 (4.03%) SoapUI
13 71 (2.89%) Ant
14 62 (2.52%) Grunt
15 58 (2.36%) Gatling
16 57 (2.32%) IntelliJ
17 51 (2.08%) gulp
18 46 (1.87%) Sonatype Nexus
18 46 (1.87%) Visual Studio Team System
19 42 (1.71%) Toad
General
1 444 (18.07%) Finance
2 233 (9.48%) Banking
3 144 (5.86%) Marketing
4 77 (3.13%) Manufacturing
5 71 (2.89%) Retail
6 70 (2.85%) Telecoms
7 58 (2.36%) Electronics
8 57 (2.32%) Investment Banking
9 41 (1.67%) Back Office
10 34 (1.38%) Front Office
11 29 (1.18%) Publishing
12 28 (1.14%) Legal
13 24 (0.98%) Law
14 23 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
15 22 (0.90%) Games
16 12 (0.49%) Financial Institution
17 11 (0.45%) Automotive
18 10 (0.41%) Retail Banking
19 8 (0.33%) Aerospace
19 8 (0.33%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,412 (57.47%) Developer
2 326 (13.27%) Java Developer
3 264 (10.74%) Analyst
4 226 (9.20%) Architect
5 157 (6.39%) .NET Developer
6 132 (5.37%) Senior Developer
7 118 (4.80%) ServiceNow Developer
8 96 (3.91%) C# Developer
9 91 (3.70%) Test Analyst
10 87 (3.54%) Consultant
11 76 (3.09%) Software Developer
11 76 (3.09%) Solutions Architect
11 76 (3.09%) SQL Developer
12 73 (2.97%) Tester
13 70 (2.85%) Integration Developer
14 67 (2.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 64 (2.60%) Full Stack Developer
16 63 (2.56%) JavaScript Developer
17 62 (2.52%) Business Analyst
18 59 (2.40%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,036 (42.17%) JSON
2 867 (35.29%) HTML
3 835 (33.98%) Web Services
4 718 (29.22%) SOAP
5 613 (24.95%) CSS
6 581 (23.65%) REST
7 480 (19.54%) .NET
8 321 (13.06%) RESTful
9 313 (12.74%) Spring
10 302 (12.29%) HTML5
11 288 (11.72%) AngularJS
12 267 (10.87%) jQuery
13 245 (9.97%) XSLT
14 178 (7.24%) Ajax
15 175 (7.12%) ASP.NET
16 159 (6.47%) Middleware
17 157 (6.39%) J2EE
18 147 (5.98%) Node.js
19 122 (4.97%) .NET Framework
20 121 (4.92%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 231 (9.40%) Analytical Skills
2 140 (5.70%) Mobile App
3 83 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
4 82 (3.34%) Greenfield Project
5 60 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
6 58 (2.36%) User Experience
7 54 (2.20%) Virtual Team
8 50 (2.04%) Data Structures
9 41 (1.67%) Client/Server
10 38 (1.55%) Management Information System
11 32 (1.30%) DataPower
12 24 (0.98%) PKI
12 24 (0.98%) Replication
12 24 (0.98%) Social Media
13 23 (0.94%) CMDB
13 23 (0.94%) NHS
13 23 (0.94%) Robotics
14 22 (0.90%) Algorithms
14 22 (0.90%) Reference Data
15 21 (0.85%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 337 (13.72%) Linux
2 305 (12.41%) Windows
3 253 (10.30%) Unix
4 92 (3.74%) Android
5 63 (2.56%) Apple iOS
6 52 (2.12%) Windows Server
7 50 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (1.14%) CentOS
9 25 (1.02%) Ubuntu
10 19 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
11 17 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
12 13 (0.53%) Windows 7
13 12 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
14 11 (0.45%) OpenVMS
14 11 (0.45%) Windows 10
15 8 (0.33%) Fedora
16 6 (0.24%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.20%) Mac OS X
17 5 (0.20%) Solaris
18 4 (0.16%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,117 (45.46%) Agile Software Development
2 344 (14.00%) TDD
3 321 (13.06%) Test Automation
4 314 (12.78%) Scrum
5 261 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
6 255 (10.38%) DevOps
7 252 (10.26%) Continuous Integration
8 246 (10.01%) SOA
9 243 (9.89%) Microservices
10 215 (8.75%) MVC
11 209 (8.51%) Analytics
12 184 (7.49%) ETL
13 178 (7.24%) Migration
14 175 (7.12%) OO
14 175 (7.12%) SDLC
15 170 (6.92%) Software Engineering
16 167 (6.80%) BDD
16 167 (6.80%) Unit Testing
17 166 (6.76%) Business Intelligence
18 141 (5.74%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 974 (39.64%) SQL
2 944 (38.42%) Java
3 897 (36.51%) JavaScript
4 471 (19.17%) C#
5 258 (10.50%) Python
6 125 (5.09%) PL/SQL
7 107 (4.35%) Java 8
8 101 (4.11%) PowerShell
9 100 (4.07%) T-SQL
10 87 (3.54%) XPath
11 86 (3.50%) C++
12 81 (3.30%) C
13 79 (3.22%) Scala
14 78 (3.17%) Perl
15 75 (3.05%) Bash Shell
16 69 (2.81%) PHP
17 68 (2.77%) Ruby
18 65 (2.65%) Groovy
19 50 (2.04%) VB.NET
20 47 (1.91%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 245 (9.97%) Security Cleared
2 198 (8.06%) SC Cleared
3 188 (7.65%) Degree
4 74 (3.01%) ISTQB
5 72 (2.93%) Computer Science Degree
6 64 (2.60%) ISEB
7 47 (1.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 38 (1.55%) DV Cleared
9 30 (1.22%) Master's Degree
10 28 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
11 22 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
13 13 (0.53%) CTC Cleared
13 13 (0.53%) ISEB Practitioner
14 10 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 9 (0.37%) DBS Check
15 9 (0.37%) Sun Certification
16 8 (0.33%) MCSA
16 8 (0.33%) MCSE
17 7 (0.28%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (4.72%) QA
2 60 (2.44%) Data Quality
3 31 (1.26%) SLA
4 19 (0.77%) HMG Infosec
4 19 (0.77%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 19 (0.77%) JSP 440
5 11 (0.45%) GDPR
6 10 (0.41%) HL7
7 7 (0.28%) PMO
8 6 (0.24%) Basel III
8 6 (0.24%) IFRS
8 6 (0.24%) IFRS 9
9 4 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.16%) WCAG
10 3 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.12%) GxP
10 3 (0.12%) MiFID
10 3 (0.12%) SEPA
11 2 (0.081%) ISO 15022
11 2 (0.081%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 156 (6.35%) Docker
2 48 (1.95%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.41%) vSphere
5 8 (0.33%) HDFS
6 7 (0.28%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
6 7 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.20%) VirtualBox
9 4 (0.16%) IAG
9 4 (0.16%) KVM
9 4 (0.16%) NDS
9 4 (0.16%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 4 (0.16%) XenApp
10 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.12%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.12%) Shibboleth
11 2 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 70 (2.85%) Puppet
2 68 (2.77%) Ansible
3 60 (2.44%) Kubernetes
4 38 (1.55%) Kibana
5 30 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
6 27 (1.10%) Grafana
7 25 (1.02%) Control-M
8 23 (0.94%) CA Single Sign-On
9 21 (0.85%) HP ALM
10 15 (0.61%) SCCM
11 14 (0.57%) logstash
12 13 (0.53%) Forum Sentry
12 13 (0.53%) Rancher
13 10 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
13 10 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
13 10 (0.41%) Prometheus
14 9 (0.37%) Terraform
15 8 (0.33%) CloudHub
16 7 (0.28%) MOM
16 7 (0.28%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 567 (23.08%) Oracle
2 361 (14.69%) Microsoft
3 173 (7.04%) ServiceNow
4 127 (5.17%) IBM
4 127 (5.17%) SAP
5 91 (3.70%) Adobe
6 74 (3.01%) Google
7 66 (2.69%) webMethods
8 56 (2.28%) Atlassian
8 56 (2.28%) Informatica
9 45 (1.83%) WSO2
10 43 (1.75%) Red Hat
11 40 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
12 39 (1.59%) Dell
13 37 (1.51%) MuleSoft
14 35 (1.42%) Talend
15 31 (1.26%) VMware
16 30 (1.22%) Workday
17 29 (1.18%) Pega
18 26 (1.06%) HP