Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 165 126 107
Rank change year-on-year -39 -19 -13
Contract jobs citing XML 1,412 870 1,684
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.63% 2.08% 2.32%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.69% 6.87% 7.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 974 589 1,044
10th Percentile £373 £338 £325
25th Percentile £436 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +1.09%
75th Percentile £625 £540 £550
90th Percentile £725 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £451 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +4.77% +1.18% -1.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 18 27
10th Percentile £38.15 £38.00 £23.91
25th Percentile £41.25 £44.00 £32.13
Median hourly rate £48.50 £58.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -16.38% +16.00% +21.21%
75th Percentile £65.50 £61.75 £53.14
90th Percentile £65.54 £63.82 £68.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.50 £58.00 £50.50
% change year-on-year -16.38% +14.85% +23.17%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,813 12,663 21,697
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.60% 30.34% 29.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,083 8,987 15,284
10th Percentile £381 £315 £330
25th Percentile £450 £400 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £490
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -3.06% +3.16%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £425 £445
% change year-on-year +12.94% -4.49% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 149 194
10th Percentile £21.00 £25.37 £17.21
25th Percentile £36.25 £35.00 £32.61
Median hourly rate £51.88 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.28% -2.17% +9.93%
75th Percentile £65.53 £57.50 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.72 £63.80 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +14.13% +2.22% +7.95%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -48 1,118 £525 +10.53% 346
London -54 632 £563 +7.14% 129
UK excluding London -53 465 £451 +4.77% 246
Work from Home -53 376 £525 +5.00% 80
Midlands -49 110 £420 +4.88% 51
West Midlands -31 98 £420 +5.00% 36
South East -71 87 £490 +8.89% 68
North of England -48 74 £430 +4.24% 44
East of England -15 67 £498 -0.50% 25
Scotland -38 53 £500 +17.65% 21
North West -21 46 £480 +6.67% 20
South West -24 41 £450 -4.26% 25
Wales -16 26 £550 +4.76% 8
Yorkshire -42 25 £405 +8.00% 18
East Midlands -37 12 £400 -15.79% 15
Northern Ireland -1 8 £451 +4.88% 4
North East -8 3 £475 +18.75% 6

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 664 (47.03%) JSON
2 648 (45.89%) SQL
3 550 (38.95%) Java
4 543 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
5 408 (28.90%) JavaScript
6 381 (26.98%) Web Services
7 356 (25.21%) REST
8 352 (24.93%) HTML
9 319 (22.59%) DevOps
10 315 (22.31%) SOAP
11 295 (20.89%) Oracle
12 293 (20.75%) Git (software)
13 279 (19.76%) JIRA
14 274 (19.41%) Azure
15 270 (19.12%) CSS
15 270 (19.12%) Social Skills
16 262 (18.56%) C#
17 253 (17.92%) Finance
18 245 (17.35%) .NET
19 214 (15.16%) SQL Server
20 212 (15.01%) Test Automation
20 212 (15.01%) Jenkins
21 202 (14.31%) Python
22 201 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
23 197 (13.95%) CI/CD
24 191 (13.53%) Spring
25 190 (13.46%) Banking
26 188 (13.31%) Windows
27 181 (12.82%) Microservices
28 180 (12.75%) Scrum

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (9.56%) Confluence
2 59 (4.18%) Apache
3 47 (3.33%) WebLogic
4 40 (2.83%) JBoss
5 39 (2.76%) CMS
6 35 (2.48%) WebSphere
7 32 (2.27%) SharePoint
8 31 (2.20%) IIS
9 28 (1.98%) Apache Spark
10 26 (1.84%) Tomcat
11 24 (1.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 21 (1.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 19 (1.35%) Oracle Workflow
14 16 (1.13%) Mule
15 15 (1.06%) BizTalk Server
15 15 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
16 14 (0.99%) Appian
16 14 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
17 13 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
17 13 (0.92%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 70 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (2.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 35 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
4 23 (1.63%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.35%) FrameMaker
5 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.28%) AutoCAD
7 3 (0.21%) XMetaL
8 2 (0.14%) Mingle
8 2 (0.14%) SPSS
9 1 (0.071%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.071%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.071%) FileZilla
9 1 (0.071%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.071%) Pro/ENGINEER
9 1 (0.071%) PTC Creo
9 1 (0.071%) RoboHelp
9 1 (0.071%) Siemens NX
9 1 (0.071%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.071%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 35 (2.48%) NetSuite
2 25 (1.77%) SunGard Martini
3 16 (1.13%) Oracle EBS
4 14 (0.99%) SAP FI-CA
4 14 (0.99%) SAP PSCD
5 13 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
5 13 (0.92%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 13 (0.92%) Shopify
6 11 (0.78%) Oracle General Ledger
7 10 (0.71%) Oracle BPM
7 10 (0.71%) Oracle ERP
7 10 (0.71%) Oracle Payables
8 9 (0.64%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.50%) Oracle EBS R12
10 5 (0.35%) Oracle Assets
10 5 (0.35%) Oracle Cash Management
10 5 (0.35%) Oracle Financials
10 5 (0.35%) SAP HCM
11 4 (0.28%) Orchestrade
11 4 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 274 (19.41%) Azure
2 159 (11.26%) AWS
3 94 (6.66%) GitHub
4 66 (4.67%) SaaS
5 64 (4.53%) Serverless
6 62 (4.39%) Power Platform
7 43 (3.05%) PaaS
8 42 (2.97%) Azure Data Factory
9 37 (2.62%) Amazon S3
10 35 (2.48%) Azure Functions
11 32 (2.27%) GCP
12 31 (2.20%) IaaS
13 27 (1.91%) Amazon EKS
14 25 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
14 25 (1.77%) Azure Logic Apps
15 24 (1.70%) OpenShift
16 21 (1.49%) Apigee
17 19 (1.35%) Azure Synapse Analytics
18 18 (1.27%) Azure Key Vault
19 17 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 75 (5.31%) HTTP
2 44 (3.12%) TCP/IP
3 39 (2.76%) Firewall
3 39 (2.76%) FTP
4 22 (1.56%) SNMP
4 22 (1.56%) SSL
5 18 (1.27%) MPLS
6 17 (1.20%) BGP
6 17 (1.20%) Ethernet VPN
6 17 (1.20%) HSRP
6 17 (1.20%) IPv4
6 17 (1.20%) RSVP
6 17 (1.20%) VPLS
6 17 (1.20%) VRRP
7 16 (1.13%) DNS
8 15 (1.06%) LAN
8 15 (1.06%) SAN
9 14 (0.99%) VPN
10 12 (0.85%) SMTP
11 11 (0.78%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 214 (15.16%) SQL Server
2 178 (12.61%) Relational Database
3 99 (7.01%) NoSQL
4 74 (5.24%) MySQL
4 74 (5.24%) Oracle Database
5 73 (5.17%) PostgreSQL
6 72 (5.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 70 (4.96%) Data Warehouse
8 65 (4.60%) MongoDB
9 58 (4.11%) RDBMS
10 51 (3.61%) Power BI
11 47 (3.33%) Data Lake
12 44 (3.12%) Big Data
13 36 (2.55%) Tableau
14 30 (2.12%) Parquet
15 28 (1.98%) Oracle Database 12c
15 28 (1.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 26 (1.84%) DB2
17 25 (1.77%) Hadoop
17 25 (1.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 293 (20.75%) Git (software)
2 279 (19.76%) JIRA
3 212 (15.01%) Jenkins
4 120 (8.50%) Visual Studio
5 98 (6.94%) Selenium
6 85 (6.02%) Cucumber
7 83 (5.88%) Subversion
8 80 (5.67%) Maven
9 72 (5.10%) Bitbucket
10 67 (4.75%) SoapUI
11 62 (4.39%) TeamCity
12 58 (4.11%) Postman
13 50 (3.54%) JMeter
13 50 (3.54%) JUnit
14 33 (2.34%) Artifactory
14 33 (2.34%) Toad
15 31 (2.20%) Eclipse
16 29 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
17 28 (1.98%) Oracle APEX
18 25 (1.77%) CppUnit
General
1 270 (19.12%) Social Skills
2 253 (17.92%) Finance
3 190 (13.46%) Banking
4 138 (9.77%) Public Sector
5 119 (8.43%) Analytical Skills
6 81 (5.74%) Investment Banking
7 76 (5.38%) Front Office
8 63 (4.46%) Marketing
9 41 (2.90%) Presentation Skills
10 36 (2.55%) Telecoms
11 33 (2.34%) Manufacturing
12 30 (2.12%) Electronics
13 17 (1.20%) Legal
13 17 (1.20%) Retail
14 15 (1.06%) Documentation Skills
15 14 (0.99%) Organisational Skills
15 14 (0.99%) Publishing
16 13 (0.92%) Automotive
17 12 (0.85%) Public Speaking
18 11 (0.78%) Law
Job Titles
1 688 (48.73%) Developer
2 151 (10.69%) Java Developer
3 149 (10.55%) Analyst
4 124 (8.78%) Architect
5 82 (5.81%) Senior Developer
6 77 (5.45%) Consultant
7 60 (4.25%) .NET Developer
7 60 (4.25%) Test Analyst
8 54 (3.82%) Business Analyst
9 48 (3.40%) Tester
10 42 (2.97%) SQL Developer
11 41 (2.90%) Senior Java Developer
11 41 (2.90%) Solutions Architect
12 39 (2.76%) Full Stack Developer
13 38 (2.69%) C++ Developer
14 36 (2.55%) Python Developer
15 35 (2.48%) ServiceNow Developer
16 28 (1.98%) Data Engineer
16 28 (1.98%) NetSuite Consultant
17 27 (1.91%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 664 (47.03%) JSON
2 381 (26.98%) Web Services
3 356 (25.21%) REST
4 352 (24.93%) HTML
5 315 (22.31%) SOAP
6 270 (19.12%) CSS
7 245 (17.35%) .NET
8 191 (13.53%) Spring
9 165 (11.69%) XSLT
10 137 (9.70%) RESTful
11 123 (8.71%) AngularJS
12 112 (7.93%) Spring Boot
13 97 (6.87%) Node.js
14 93 (6.59%) React
15 89 (6.30%) jQuery
16 80 (5.67%) Ajax
17 79 (5.59%) .NET Core
18 78 (5.52%) ASP.NET
19 72 (5.10%) .NET Framework
19 72 (5.10%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 66 (4.67%) Self-Motivation
2 42 (2.97%) User Experience
3 40 (2.83%) Derivative
4 38 (2.69%) Data Structures
5 35 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
6 34 (2.41%) Fixed Income
7 27 (1.91%) Mobile App
8 24 (1.70%) Virtual Team
9 23 (1.63%) Cloud Native
9 23 (1.63%) CMDB
10 20 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 19 (1.35%) Reference Data
12 18 (1.27%) Credit Derivative
12 18 (1.27%) Equity Derivative
12 18 (1.27%) Legacy Systems
13 16 (1.13%) Public Cloud
14 15 (1.06%) Client/Server
14 15 (1.06%) Data Protection Act
14 15 (1.06%) Management Information System
14 15 (1.06%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 188 (13.31%) Windows
2 172 (12.18%) Linux
3 167 (11.83%) Unix
4 17 (1.20%) Android
5 13 (0.92%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.92%) Windows Server
6 11 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.64%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.50%) Solaris
9 6 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
10 5 (0.35%) VMS
11 4 (0.28%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.21%) Debian
12 3 (0.21%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.14%) AIX
14 1 (0.071%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.071%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.071%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 543 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 319 (22.59%) DevOps
3 212 (15.01%) Test Automation
4 201 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
5 197 (13.95%) CI/CD
6 181 (12.82%) Microservices
7 180 (12.75%) Scrum
8 161 (11.40%) Data Modelling
9 144 (10.20%) TDD
10 143 (10.13%) SOA
11 133 (9.42%) OO
12 124 (8.78%) Business Intelligence
13 120 (8.50%) Migration
14 100 (7.08%) BDD
14 100 (7.08%) SDLC
15 93 (6.59%) Software Testing
16 91 (6.44%) ETL
17 90 (6.37%) Analytics
18 89 (6.30%) Continuous Integration
19 87 (6.16%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 648 (45.89%) SQL
2 550 (38.95%) Java
3 408 (28.90%) JavaScript
4 262 (18.56%) C#
5 202 (14.31%) Python
6 88 (6.23%) PHP
7 83 (5.88%) T-SQL
8 77 (5.45%) C++
9 73 (5.17%) Java 8
10 67 (4.75%) PowerShell
11 54 (3.82%) PL/SQL
12 50 (3.54%) TypeScript
13 46 (3.26%) XPath
14 42 (2.97%) Java 11
14 42 (2.97%) Shell Script
15 32 (2.27%) C
15 32 (2.27%) VBA
16 29 (2.05%) Apex Code
17 26 (1.84%) Perl
18 23 (1.63%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 166 (11.76%) Security Cleared
2 134 (9.49%) SC Cleared
3 72 (5.10%) Degree
4 58 (4.11%) ISTQB
5 46 (3.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 43 (3.05%) ISEB
7 32 (2.27%) DV Cleared
8 26 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
9 15 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (0.78%) CCIE
10 11 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
10 11 (0.78%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.42%) CCIE Security
12 6 (0.42%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 6 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 6 (0.42%) MCSE
13 5 (0.35%) CCIE Service Provider
13 5 (0.35%) CISSP
13 5 (0.35%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 149 (10.55%) QA
2 31 (2.20%) Dodd-Frank
3 30 (2.12%) Data Quality
4 24 (1.70%) EMIR
4 24 (1.70%) MiFID
5 20 (1.42%) Accessibility
6 11 (0.78%) HL7
6 11 (0.78%) SLA
7 7 (0.50%) GDPR
7 7 (0.50%) WCAG
8 5 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
8 5 (0.35%) ISO 20022
9 4 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.28%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.21%) IFRS
11 2 (0.14%) DICOM
11 2 (0.14%) GAAP
12 1 (0.071%) ISO 8583
12 1 (0.071%) RosettaNet
12 1 (0.071%) Solvency II
System Software
1 124 (8.78%) Docker
2 32 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.27%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.64%) NFS
6 5 (0.35%) HDFS
7 2 (0.14%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.14%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.14%) vSphere
8 1 (0.071%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.071%) Job Entry Subsystem
8 1 (0.071%) NDS
8 1 (0.071%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 1 (0.071%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.071%) RACF
8 1 (0.071%) Time Sharing Option
8 1 (0.071%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 81 (5.74%) Kubernetes
2 32 (2.27%) Ansible
2 32 (2.27%) Single Sign-On
3 25 (1.77%) BladeLogic
4 20 (1.42%) Terraform
5 14 (0.99%) Kibana
6 12 (0.85%) Nessus
7 9 (0.64%) HP ALM
7 9 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (0.57%) Grafana
8 8 (0.57%) logstash
8 8 (0.57%) Puppet
9 7 (0.50%) ITRS Geneos
10 6 (0.42%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.42%) FortiGate
10 6 (0.42%) HP Fortify
10 6 (0.42%) Tivoli
10 6 (0.42%) WebInspect
11 5 (0.35%) Microsoft Clustering
11 5 (0.35%) WMI
Vendors
1 295 (20.89%) Oracle
2 173 (12.25%) Microsoft
3 83 (5.88%) SAP
4 78 (5.52%) Salesforce.com
5 66 (4.67%) IBM
6 57 (4.04%) ServiceNow
7 39 (2.76%) Splunk
8 37 (2.62%) Atlassian
9 36 (2.55%) Adobe
10 34 (2.41%) webMethods
11 28 (1.98%) Google
12 26 (1.84%) FIS
13 25 (1.77%) SunGard
14 24 (1.70%) Databricks
15 23 (1.63%) MuleSoft
15 23 (1.63%) VMware
16 22 (1.56%) Cisco
17 21 (1.49%) HP
18 19 (1.35%) Nokia
18 19 (1.35%) Red Hat