Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 160 122 107
Rank change year-on-year -38 -15 -20
Contract jobs citing XML 1,384 627 2,034
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.71% 2.13% 2.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.72% 6.83% 7.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 906 399 1,311
10th Percentile £362 £313 £325
25th Percentile £423 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £566 £569
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £451 £445
% change year-on-year -0.17% +1.29% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 5 46
10th Percentile £35.00 £48.00 £25.63
25th Percentile £51.25 £52.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate £65.50 £55.00 £46.34
Median % change year-on-year +19.09% +18.70% +13.01%
75th Percentile £71.75 £62.03 £59.38
90th Percentile £73.45 £64.41 £61.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £55.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +19.09% +19.57% +12.20%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,211 9,178 27,312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.88% 31.17% 31.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,353 6,464 19,166
10th Percentile £363 £318 £335
25th Percentile £425 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £495
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +2.78% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 75 268
10th Percentile £17.39 £21.35 £17.48
25th Percentile £27.87 £30.00 £30.90
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +7.64%
75th Percentile £63.25 £50.19 £53.00
90th Percentile £72.00 £61.25 £64.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.45 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.49% +3.22% +8.43%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 1,106 £506 +1.10% 385
London -8 609 £550 +4.76% 146
UK excluding London -68 496 £450 -0.17% 266
Work from Home -50 410 £500 +6.67% 87
South East -35 137 £450 -5.26% 62
North of England -44 96 £450 +9.09% 65
Midlands -77 83 £408 -8.12% 43
East of England +1 82 £475 -5.00% 28
West Midlands -54 75 £410 -8.89% 27
Scotland -57 64 £430 +2.99% 24
North West -25 50 £463 +3.93% 38
Yorkshire -26 38 £420 +3.07% 18
South West -69 21 £463 -11.90% 36
Northern Ireland -3 12 £472 +9.40% 1
Wales -20 11 £525 +32.59% 7
North East -13 8 £403 +2.16% 9
East Midlands -51 8 £405 +28.57% 16

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 670 (48.41%) JSON
2 581 (41.98%) SQL
3 550 (39.74%) Java
4 539 (38.95%) Agile Software Development
5 410 (29.62%) JavaScript
6 368 (26.59%) REST
7 349 (25.22%) HTML
8 330 (23.84%) Git (software)
9 311 (22.47%) Web Services
10 309 (22.33%) SOAP
11 303 (21.89%) DevOps
12 291 (21.03%) Social Skills
13 287 (20.74%) Oracle
14 268 (19.36%) Jenkins
15 263 (19.00%) Finance
16 252 (18.21%) C#
17 244 (17.63%) Azure
18 242 (17.49%) CSS
19 241 (17.41%) Windows
20 231 (16.69%) JIRA
21 223 (16.11%) .NET
22 222 (16.04%) Test Automation
23 207 (14.96%) Python
24 199 (14.38%) SQL Server
25 196 (14.16%) Microservices
26 194 (14.02%) Spring
27 186 (13.44%) Problem-Solving
28 181 (13.08%) Linux
29 178 (12.86%) Scrum
30 172 (12.43%) Relational Database

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (7.15%) Confluence
2 59 (4.26%) Apache
3 44 (3.18%) CMS
3 44 (3.18%) WebLogic
4 42 (3.03%) Tomcat
5 41 (2.96%) JBoss
6 35 (2.53%) WebSphere
7 27 (1.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 27 (1.95%) Mule
8 23 (1.66%) BizTalk Server
9 22 (1.59%) SharePoint
10 21 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
10 21 (1.52%) IIS
11 17 (1.23%) Apache Spark
12 15 (1.08%) DataSynapse
12 15 (1.08%) nginx
12 15 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (1.01%) Oracle Workflow
14 12 (0.87%) OpenStack
15 11 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 59 (4.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (2.31%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.43%) FrameMaker
7 3 (0.22%) InfoPath
7 3 (0.22%) SPSS
7 3 (0.22%) XMetaL
8 2 (0.14%) Doxygen
8 2 (0.14%) Mingle
8 2 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.072%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.072%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.072%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 36 (2.60%) SunGard Martini
2 18 (1.30%) NetSuite
3 16 (1.16%) SAP HCM
4 14 (1.01%) Oracle ERP
5 13 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
6 9 (0.65%) SAP FI-CA
6 9 (0.65%) SAP PSCD
7 7 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.51%) Oracle General Ledger
7 7 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 6 (0.43%) Oracle FAH
9 5 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.36%) Magento
9 5 (0.36%) Maximo
9 5 (0.36%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 5 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.36%) Workday HCM
10 4 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
10 4 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
11 3 (0.22%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 244 (17.63%) Azure
2 156 (11.27%) AWS
3 145 (10.48%) GitHub
4 62 (4.48%) Serverless
5 61 (4.41%) Power Platform
6 54 (3.90%) SaaS
7 44 (3.18%) Azure Data Factory
8 40 (2.89%) PaaS
9 39 (2.82%) Azure Logic Apps
10 36 (2.60%) Azure Functions
11 31 (2.24%) GCP
12 28 (2.02%) Azure Service Bus
13 26 (1.88%) Apigee
14 24 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
15 23 (1.66%) Amazon S3
16 20 (1.45%) Dynamics 365
17 19 (1.37%) OpenShift
18 18 (1.30%) Azure Event Grid
18 18 (1.30%) IaaS
19 17 (1.23%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 87 (6.29%) HTTP
2 58 (4.19%) TCP/IP
3 44 (3.18%) FTP
4 36 (2.60%) SSL
5 31 (2.24%) DNS
6 24 (1.73%) LAN
7 21 (1.52%) VSAN
8 18 (1.30%) Firewall
9 13 (0.94%) Software-Defined Networking
10 12 (0.87%) 3GPP
10 12 (0.87%) SMTP
11 11 (0.79%) SGSN
12 10 (0.72%) HTTPS
12 10 (0.72%) Internet
12 10 (0.72%) SNMP
13 9 (0.65%) DHCP
13 9 (0.65%) SSH
14 8 (0.58%) Remote Desktop
14 8 (0.58%) Telnet
14 8 (0.58%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 199 (14.38%) SQL Server
2 172 (12.43%) Relational Database
3 98 (7.08%) Oracle Database
4 73 (5.27%) Data Warehouse
5 71 (5.13%) MySQL
6 69 (4.99%) NoSQL
7 67 (4.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 53 (3.83%) Power BI
9 49 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
10 47 (3.40%) MongoDB
10 47 (3.40%) Oracle Database 12c
11 40 (2.89%) DB2
11 40 (2.89%) RDBMS
12 35 (2.53%) Big Data
12 35 (2.53%) Data Lake
13 34 (2.46%) Tableau
14 27 (1.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 26 (1.88%) Hadoop
16 25 (1.81%) Data Mining
17 23 (1.66%) HBase
Development Applications
1 330 (23.84%) Git (software)
2 268 (19.36%) Jenkins
3 231 (16.69%) JIRA
4 133 (9.61%) JUnit
5 123 (8.89%) Visual Studio
6 117 (8.45%) Selenium
7 116 (8.38%) Subversion
8 111 (8.02%) Maven
9 94 (6.79%) Postman
10 93 (6.72%) Cucumber
11 61 (4.41%) SoapUI
12 50 (3.61%) Bitbucket
13 49 (3.54%) Gradle
13 49 (3.54%) TeamCity
14 45 (3.25%) Oracle APEX
15 36 (2.60%) Artifactory
15 36 (2.60%) JMeter
16 35 (2.53%) CppUnit
16 35 (2.53%) Gatling
17 33 (2.38%) IntelliJ
General
1 291 (21.03%) Social Skills
2 263 (19.00%) Finance
3 169 (12.21%) Banking
4 124 (8.96%) Analytical Skills
5 91 (6.58%) Public Sector
6 67 (4.84%) Investment Banking
7 62 (4.48%) Front Office
8 44 (3.18%) Retail
9 41 (2.96%) Marketing
10 33 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
10 33 (2.38%) Telecoms
11 32 (2.31%) Documentation Skills
12 28 (2.02%) Manufacturing
13 26 (1.88%) Back Office
14 24 (1.73%) Influencing Skills
15 12 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
16 10 (0.72%) Electronics
16 10 (0.72%) Publishing
17 9 (0.65%) Automotive
17 9 (0.65%) Legal
Job Titles
1 682 (49.28%) Developer
2 140 (10.12%) Analyst
2 140 (10.12%) Java Developer
3 118 (8.53%) Architect
4 85 (6.14%) Senior Developer
5 57 (4.12%) Consultant
6 47 (3.40%) .NET Developer
6 47 (3.40%) C++ Developer
7 46 (3.32%) Tester
8 45 (3.25%) Test Analyst
9 41 (2.96%) C# Developer
9 41 (2.96%) Full Stack Developer
10 39 (2.82%) Python Developer
11 36 (2.60%) Cloud Engineer
11 36 (2.60%) Data Engineer
12 35 (2.53%) SQL Developer
13 34 (2.46%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 34 (2.46%) Senior Java Developer
14 33 (2.38%) Front Office Developer
14 33 (2.38%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 670 (48.41%) JSON
2 368 (26.59%) REST
3 349 (25.22%) HTML
4 311 (22.47%) Web Services
5 309 (22.33%) SOAP
6 242 (17.49%) CSS
7 223 (16.11%) .NET
8 194 (14.02%) Spring
9 151 (10.91%) XSLT
10 132 (9.54%) AngularJS
11 131 (9.47%) RESTful
12 105 (7.59%) Node.js
13 96 (6.94%) React
14 94 (6.79%) HTML5
14 94 (6.79%) Spring Boot
15 77 (5.56%) jQuery
16 72 (5.20%) .NET Framework
17 66 (4.77%) ASP.NET
18 63 (4.55%) JDBC
19 60 (4.34%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 41 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
1 41 (2.96%) Mobile App
2 39 (2.82%) User Experience
3 37 (2.67%) Fixed Income
3 37 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
4 36 (2.60%) Derivative
5 30 (2.17%) Data Centre
6 26 (1.88%) Client/Server
6 26 (1.88%) Data Structures
7 23 (1.66%) Reference Data
8 22 (1.59%) Wiki
9 21 (1.52%) Cloud Native
9 21 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 20 (1.45%) Animation
11 19 (1.37%) NHS
12 18 (1.30%) Management Information System
13 16 (1.16%) Legacy Systems
13 16 (1.16%) W3C
14 15 (1.08%) Social Media
15 13 (0.94%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 241 (17.41%) Windows
2 181 (13.08%) Linux
3 164 (11.85%) Unix
4 39 (2.82%) Android
5 37 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.59%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.79%) Solaris
8 9 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.29%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.29%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
11 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.22%) zOS
12 2 (0.14%) OS/400
12 2 (0.14%) VMS
12 2 (0.14%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
12 2 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 539 (38.95%) Agile Software Development
2 303 (21.89%) DevOps
3 222 (16.04%) Test Automation
4 196 (14.16%) Microservices
5 186 (13.44%) Problem-Solving
6 178 (12.86%) Scrum
7 158 (11.42%) TDD
8 137 (9.90%) MVC
9 130 (9.39%) Data Modelling
10 125 (9.03%) Software Engineering
11 124 (8.96%) OO
12 111 (8.02%) SDLC
12 111 (8.02%) Unit Testing
13 104 (7.51%) Analytics
14 103 (7.44%) Continuous Integration
15 96 (6.94%) Workflow
16 94 (6.79%) BDD
17 92 (6.65%) Configuration Management
17 92 (6.65%) SOA
18 90 (6.50%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 581 (41.98%) SQL
2 550 (39.74%) Java
3 410 (29.62%) JavaScript
4 252 (18.21%) C#
5 207 (14.96%) Python
6 110 (7.95%) PowerShell
7 107 (7.73%) C++
8 89 (6.43%) Java 8
9 66 (4.77%) PL/SQL
10 52 (3.76%) TypeScript
11 51 (3.68%) PHP
12 50 (3.61%) C
13 44 (3.18%) Shell Script
14 41 (2.96%) T-SQL
15 35 (2.53%) Java 11
16 32 (2.31%) Apex Code
17 31 (2.24%) Apple Swift
18 28 (2.02%) Perl
18 28 (2.02%) VBA
19 25 (1.81%) Scala
Qualifications
1 163 (11.78%) Security Cleared
2 121 (8.74%) SC Cleared
3 69 (4.99%) Degree
4 46 (3.32%) ISTQB
5 43 (3.11%) ISEB
6 39 (2.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 38 (2.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 31 (2.24%) DV Cleared
9 19 (1.37%) AWS Certification
9 19 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
10 12 (0.87%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.29%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.22%) ACCA
13 3 (0.22%) CCIE
13 3 (0.22%) CIMA
13 3 (0.22%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (7.01%) QA
2 27 (1.95%) Accessibility
3 22 (1.59%) Data Quality
4 20 (1.45%) HL7
5 14 (1.01%) WCAG
6 11 (0.79%) OASIS TOSCA
7 7 (0.51%) Dodd-Frank
7 7 (0.51%) ISO 20022
8 6 (0.43%) MiFID
9 5 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.36%) EMIR
9 5 (0.36%) IFRS
10 4 (0.29%) GAAP
10 4 (0.29%) GDPR
10 4 (0.29%) SLA
11 2 (0.14%) DICOM
12 1 (0.072%) ISO 8583
12 1 (0.072%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.072%) SNOMED CT
12 1 (0.072%) Solvency II
System Software
1 128 (9.25%) Docker
2 57 (4.12%) Active Directory
3 35 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.37%) VMware ESXi
5 18 (1.30%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (1.01%) Hyper-V
7 13 (0.94%) KVM
7 13 (0.94%) NFS
7 13 (0.94%) vSphere
8 11 (0.79%) LXC
9 10 (0.72%) VMware NSX
10 5 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.29%) HDFS
11 4 (0.29%) RACF
12 2 (0.14%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.14%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.14%) Xen
12 2 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 78 (5.64%) Kubernetes
2 46 (3.32%) Ansible
3 23 (1.66%) BladeLogic
4 21 (1.52%) Grafana
4 21 (1.52%) Kibana
4 21 (1.52%) vRealize
5 20 (1.45%) Single Sign-On
5 20 (1.45%) Terraform
6 13 (0.94%) Puppet
7 12 (0.87%) Prometheus
8 11 (0.79%) Cloudify
8 11 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (0.79%) Juju
8 11 (0.79%) SCVMM
9 10 (0.72%) PowerCLI
10 9 (0.65%) logstash
10 9 (0.65%) Nagios
11 8 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
11 8 (0.58%) StackStorm
11 8 (0.58%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 287 (20.74%) Oracle
2 140 (10.12%) Microsoft
3 73 (5.27%) Salesforce.com
3 73 (5.27%) SAP
4 56 (4.05%) Splunk
5 55 (3.97%) Adobe
6 51 (3.68%) MuleSoft
7 50 (3.61%) IBM
8 37 (2.67%) FIS
9 36 (2.60%) SunGard
9 36 (2.60%) webMethods
10 35 (2.53%) ServiceNow
10 35 (2.53%) VMware
11 34 (2.46%) Google
12 25 (1.81%) Databricks
12 25 (1.81%) Dell
12 25 (1.81%) Murex
12 25 (1.81%) Red Hat
13 22 (1.59%) Cisco
13 22 (1.59%) Informatica