Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 103 92 74
Rank change year-on-year -11 -18 -19
Contract jobs citing XML 1,683 2,632 3,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.31% 2.66% 3.18%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.67% 7.79% 9.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,010 1,682 2,114
UK median daily rate £463 £455 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.65% +1.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £600 £601 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £413
% change year-on-year -1.16% +4.24% +8.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 48 72
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £41.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.85% - +6.49%
10th Percentile £25.68 £25.69 £22.59
90th Percentile £62.75 £51.51 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £41.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +15.85% - -1.20%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,933 33,768 31,684
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.09% 34.17% 32.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,081 23,763 22,616
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £461
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +3.04% +8.47%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 247 293 328
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% -
10th Percentile £18.78 £17.70 £18.50
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year -1.28% +3.83% +5.26%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 1,501 £470 +0.27% 590
UK excluding London -18 1,000 £425 -1.16% 464
London -6 608 £500 - 173
South East -31 265 £440 +0.57% 134
North of England +10 225 £410 +0.61% 115
Midlands -5 159 £450 +11.39% 49
South West 0 155 £475 -2.56% 69
West Midlands -3 120 £450 +12.50% 20
Scotland +4 109 £450 +3.45% 30
Yorkshire +36 90 £405 -4.71% 32
North West -31 86 £425 +6.25% 76
East of England -40 71 £425 -15.00% 50
North East +29 54 £395 -1.56% 7
East Midlands +3 38 £375 -9.09% 29
Wales -21 14 £400 -3.03% 15
Northern Ireland -15 6 £249 -39.62%

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 726 (43.14%) SQL
2 687 (40.82%) Agile Software Development
3 686 (40.76%) JSON
4 586 (34.82%) JavaScript
5 581 (34.52%) Java
6 492 (29.23%) HTML
7 476 (28.28%) Web Services
8 419 (24.90%) Oracle
9 402 (23.89%) SQL Server
10 393 (23.35%) SOAP
11 371 (22.04%) CSS
12 368 (21.87%) REST
13 295 (17.53%) C#
14 286 (16.99%) Microsoft
15 281 (16.70%) .NET
16 270 (16.04%) Finance
17 247 (14.68%) Git (software)
18 242 (14.38%) Test Automation
19 240 (14.26%) Security Cleared
20 224 (13.31%) Azure
21 219 (13.01%) Unix
21 219 (13.01%) Jenkins
22 217 (12.89%) JIRA
23 213 (12.66%) Windows
24 207 (12.30%) Linux
25 205 (12.18%) DevOps
26 197 (11.71%) Relational Database
27 188 (11.17%) Continuous Integration
28 187 (11.11%) SC Cleared
29 179 (10.64%) Analytical Skills

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (7.84%) Confluence
2 118 (7.01%) WebLogic
3 80 (4.75%) JBoss
4 71 (4.22%) SharePoint
5 66 (3.92%) CMS
6 65 (3.86%) Tomcat
7 64 (3.80%) Apache
8 55 (3.27%) WebSphere
9 53 (3.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 40 (2.38%) Red Hat Fuse
11 32 (1.90%) IIS
12 30 (1.78%) MQSeries
13 28 (1.66%) BizTalk Server
14 21 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 19 (1.13%) Oracle Workflow
16 17 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
17 15 (0.89%) Jupyter
18 14 (0.83%) nginx
18 14 (0.83%) Oracle Service Bus
19 13 (0.77%) Mule
Applications
1 65 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (1.31%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (1.31%) XMetaL
3 17 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
4 11 (0.65%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.36%) Doxygen
5 6 (0.36%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.30%) SPSS
7 4 (0.24%) Camtasia
7 4 (0.24%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.24%) Sketch
8 3 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
8 3 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.18%) InDesign
8 3 (0.18%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.18%) InVision
8 3 (0.18%) Windchill
9 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.059%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 29 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (1.54%) BusinessWorks
3 13 (0.77%) Oracle Receivables
4 10 (0.59%) Adobe Campaign
4 10 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
5 9 (0.53%) Oracle Payables
6 7 (0.42%) NetSuite
6 7 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.42%) Oracle General Ledger
6 7 (0.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 6 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
7 6 (0.36%) Oracle Financials
8 5 (0.30%) Magento
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle Cash Management
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle FAH
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 5 (0.30%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 5 (0.30%) Visualfiles
9 4 (0.24%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 224 (13.31%) Azure
2 139 (8.26%) AWS
3 100 (5.94%) GitHub
4 88 (5.23%) SaaS
5 84 (4.99%) Power Platform
6 44 (2.61%) Azure Active Directory
7 41 (2.44%) PaaS
8 37 (2.20%) Google Analytics
9 35 (2.08%) Office 365
10 33 (1.96%) GCP
11 31 (1.84%) Boomi
12 28 (1.66%) Serverless
13 25 (1.49%) IaaS
14 22 (1.31%) Dynamics 365
15 18 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
16 17 (1.01%) PowerApps
17 16 (0.95%) OpenShift
18 15 (0.89%) Amazon S3
18 15 (0.89%) Azure Data Factory
18 15 (0.89%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 148 (8.79%) HTTP
2 67 (3.98%) SSL
3 39 (2.32%) TCP/IP
4 30 (1.78%) FTP
5 21 (1.25%) SSH
6 20 (1.19%) SMTP
7 19 (1.13%) Internet
8 16 (0.95%) Intranet
9 11 (0.65%) Extranet
9 11 (0.65%) Firewall
10 10 (0.59%) HTTPS
11 7 (0.42%) DMZ
11 7 (0.42%) DNS
11 7 (0.42%) Network Security
11 7 (0.42%) VSAN
11 7 (0.42%) X.500
12 6 (0.36%) ICMP
12 6 (0.36%) SNMP
12 6 (0.36%) Telnet
12 6 (0.36%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (23.89%) SQL Server
2 197 (11.71%) Relational Database
3 125 (7.43%) MySQL
4 101 (6.00%) Data Warehouse
5 87 (5.17%) RDBMS
6 80 (4.75%) NoSQL
7 78 (4.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 73 (4.34%) Oracle Database
9 70 (4.16%) Power BI
10 68 (4.04%) PostgreSQL
11 63 (3.74%) MongoDB
12 59 (3.51%) DB2
13 51 (3.03%) Big Data
14 41 (2.44%) Azure SQL Database
15 40 (2.38%) Hadoop
16 37 (2.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 35 (2.08%) Pentaho
18 32 (1.90%) SQL Server 2008
19 29 (1.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 25 (1.49%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 247 (14.68%) Git (software)
2 219 (13.01%) Jenkins
3 217 (12.89%) JIRA
4 165 (9.80%) Selenium
5 137 (8.14%) Cucumber
6 117 (6.95%) JUnit
7 84 (4.99%) Maven
8 64 (3.80%) Visual Studio
9 63 (3.74%) Gatling
10 55 (3.27%) SoapUI
11 53 (3.15%) Team Foundation Server
12 50 (2.97%) Subversion
13 47 (2.79%) Ant
14 45 (2.67%) Eclipse
15 44 (2.61%) Mockito
16 39 (2.32%) Postman
17 36 (2.14%) Gradle
18 28 (1.66%) Bitbucket
19 27 (1.60%) GitLab
19 27 (1.60%) IntelliJ
General
1 270 (16.04%) Finance
2 172 (10.22%) Public Sector
3 70 (4.16%) Banking
4 55 (3.27%) Marketing
5 46 (2.73%) Telecoms
6 40 (2.38%) Manufacturing
7 36 (2.14%) Retail
8 29 (1.72%) Publishing
9 26 (1.54%) Electronics
10 22 (1.31%) Legal
11 15 (0.89%) Investment Banking
11 15 (0.89%) Pharmaceutical
12 12 (0.71%) Automotive
13 11 (0.65%) Front Office
14 10 (0.59%) Back Office
14 10 (0.59%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.48%) Multimedia
16 7 (0.42%) Games
16 7 (0.42%) Law
16 7 (0.42%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 893 (53.06%) Developer
2 192 (11.41%) Analyst
3 171 (10.16%) Architect
4 160 (9.51%) Java Developer
5 80 (4.75%) ServiceNow Developer
6 73 (4.34%) Consultant
7 72 (4.28%) .NET Developer
8 63 (3.74%) Test Analyst
9 62 (3.68%) Senior Developer
10 59 (3.51%) Data Analyst
11 46 (2.73%) Solutions Architect
12 44 (2.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 44 (2.61%) Tester
13 43 (2.55%) SQL Developer
14 40 (2.38%) Software Developer
15 37 (2.20%) Integration Developer
16 34 (2.02%) C# Developer
17 33 (1.96%) Business Analyst
18 31 (1.84%) Applications Architect
18 31 (1.84%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 686 (40.76%) JSON
2 492 (29.23%) HTML
3 476 (28.28%) Web Services
4 393 (23.35%) SOAP
5 371 (22.04%) CSS
6 368 (21.87%) REST
7 281 (16.70%) .NET
8 162 (9.63%) Spring
9 159 (9.45%) AngularJS
9 159 (9.45%) RESTful
10 141 (8.38%) HTML5
11 136 (8.08%) Node.js
12 132 (7.84%) XSLT
13 111 (6.60%) Hibernate
14 96 (5.70%) ASP.NET
15 95 (5.64%) jQuery
16 92 (5.47%) Ajax
16 92 (5.47%) J2EE
17 79 (4.69%) XSD
18 76 (4.52%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 179 (10.64%) Analytical Skills
2 59 (3.51%) Enterprise Software
3 57 (3.39%) Management Information System
4 54 (3.21%) User Experience
5 43 (2.55%) Data Structures
6 35 (2.08%) PKI
7 32 (1.90%) Mobile App
8 30 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
9 27 (1.60%) Greenfield Project
10 23 (1.37%) Reference Data
11 21 (1.25%) Virtual Team
12 19 (1.13%) Algorithms
12 19 (1.13%) Client/Server
13 17 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (1.01%) Taxonomies
14 15 (0.89%) CMDB
15 14 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 11 (0.65%) LIMS
16 11 (0.65%) NHS
16 11 (0.65%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 219 (13.01%) Unix
2 213 (12.66%) Windows
3 207 (12.30%) Linux
4 41 (2.44%) Apple iOS
5 33 (1.96%) Android
6 30 (1.78%) Windows Server
7 22 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 20 (1.19%) Windows 10
9 19 (1.13%) Ubuntu
9 19 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
10 14 (0.83%) CentOS
11 9 (0.53%) Solaris
12 8 (0.48%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.48%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.36%) OpenVMS
14 5 (0.30%) Windows 7
14 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.30%) Windows XP
15 4 (0.24%) Debian
15 4 (0.24%) Mac OS X Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 687 (40.82%) Agile Software Development
2 242 (14.38%) Test Automation
3 205 (12.18%) DevOps
4 188 (11.17%) Continuous Integration
5 167 (9.92%) ETL
6 160 (9.51%) Scrum
7 155 (9.21%) Data Modelling
8 152 (9.03%) SOA
8 152 (9.03%) TDD
9 147 (8.73%) Microservices
10 146 (8.67%) Problem-Solving
11 141 (8.38%) Migration
12 133 (7.90%) SDLC
13 125 (7.43%) Analytics
14 124 (7.37%) BDD
15 111 (6.60%) Open Source
16 106 (6.30%) MVC
17 103 (6.12%) ITIL
18 101 (6.00%) Business Intelligence
19 100 (5.94%) OO
Programming Languages
1 726 (43.14%) SQL
2 586 (34.82%) JavaScript
3 581 (34.52%) Java
4 295 (17.53%) C#
5 124 (7.37%) Python
6 120 (7.13%) T-SQL
7 111 (6.60%) PL/SQL
8 93 (5.53%) PowerShell
9 65 (3.86%) Scala
10 60 (3.57%) Ruby
11 59 (3.51%) Bash Shell
12 46 (2.73%) Perl
13 45 (2.67%) PHP
14 41 (2.44%) Shell Script
15 39 (2.32%) XPath
16 35 (2.08%) C
16 35 (2.08%) C++
17 30 (1.78%) VB.NET
17 30 (1.78%) XQuery
18 24 (1.43%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 240 (14.26%) Security Cleared
2 187 (11.11%) SC Cleared
3 156 (9.27%) Degree
4 66 (3.92%) ISEB
5 60 (3.57%) ISTQB
6 44 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
7 40 (2.38%) DV Cleared
7 40 (2.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 25 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.71%) ISEB Practitioner
10 9 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.24%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.18%) HND
12 3 (0.18%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.18%) MCSD
13 2 (0.12%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.12%) CBAP
13 2 (0.12%) CCNA
13 2 (0.12%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (7.13%) QA
2 54 (3.21%) Data Quality
3 24 (1.43%) WCAG
4 19 (1.13%) GDPR
5 11 (0.65%) IFRS
6 10 (0.59%) Solvency II
7 9 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
8 8 (0.48%) SLA
9 7 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.24%) HL7
10 4 (0.24%) JSP 440
10 4 (0.24%) MiFID
10 4 (0.24%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.18%) Government Security Classifications
11 3 (0.18%) GxP
11 3 (0.18%) NCSC
11 3 (0.18%) RMADS
12 2 (0.12%) PMO
12 2 (0.12%) SEPA
System Software
1 122 (7.25%) Docker
2 77 (4.58%) Active Directory
3 29 (1.72%) vSphere
4 22 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.95%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.89%) Apache Flume
7 11 (0.65%) HDFS
7 11 (0.65%) NDS
7 11 (0.65%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 8 (0.48%) VMware NSX
9 7 (0.42%) Terminal Services
9 7 (0.42%) XenApp
10 4 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.18%) Firmware
12 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.059%) GridGain
13 1 (0.059%) LXC
13 1 (0.059%) OpenDJ
13 1 (0.059%) Oracle Clusterware
Systems Management
1 37 (2.20%) Puppet
2 36 (2.14%) Kibana
3 34 (2.02%) Grafana
4 28 (1.66%) Kubernetes
5 24 (1.43%) Single Sign-On
6 23 (1.37%) Terraform
7 20 (1.19%) PowerCLI
8 19 (1.13%) SCCM
9 14 (0.83%) Ansible
9 14 (0.83%) logstash
9 14 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
10 13 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
10 13 (0.77%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 11 (0.65%) Jamf Pro
11 11 (0.65%) Nagios
12 9 (0.53%) Control-M
12 9 (0.53%) HP SiteScope
13 8 (0.48%) Norton AntiVirus
13 8 (0.48%) Oracle Identity Manager
13 8 (0.48%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 419 (24.90%) Oracle
2 286 (16.99%) Microsoft
3 94 (5.59%) ServiceNow
4 82 (4.87%) Google
5 72 (4.28%) webMethods
6 71 (4.22%) IBM
7 66 (3.92%) SAP
8 58 (3.45%) MuleSoft
9 55 (3.27%) Adobe
10 53 (3.15%) Red Hat
11 40 (2.38%) VMware
12 38 (2.26%) Axway
13 33 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
13 33 (1.96%) Sybase
13 33 (1.96%) TIBCO
14 32 (1.90%) Dell
15 31 (1.84%) Tableau
16 25 (1.49%) HP
17 22 (1.31%) Talend
18 21 (1.25%) ForgeRock