Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 139 99 96
Rank change year-on-year -40 -3 -11
Contract jobs citing XML 1,202 987 2,323
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.88% 2.38% 2.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.19% 7.75% 7.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 792 636 1,517
10th Percentile £356 £322 £325
25th Percentile £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £491 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £581 £550 £575
90th Percentile £687 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £451 £450
% change year-on-year -3.33% +0.22% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 18 52
10th Percentile £25.08 £35.91 £20.36
25th Percentile £49.43 £37.16 £41.00
Median hourly rate £63.00 £50.25 £48.12
Median % change year-on-year +25.37% +4.44% +17.35%
75th Percentile £65.89 £57.88 £60.00
90th Percentile £72.67 £68.75 £62.87
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.00 £50.25 £53.75
% change year-on-year +25.37% -6.51% +31.10%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,426 12,740 29,409
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.36% 30.75% 32.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,824 9,041 20,798
10th Percentile £350 £335 £331
25th Percentile £413 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +4.26%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 110 273
10th Percentile £19.35 £20.04 £17.28
25th Percentile £27.56 £31.21 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.20 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year -2.60% +3.67% +7.10%
75th Percentile £55.00 £57.50 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.05 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -8.33% +5.88% +6.25%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 967 £500 - 356
London -3 519 £525 +1.45% 124
UK excluding London -52 458 £436 -3.33% 249
Work from Home -56 368 £490 +8.89% 85
South East -14 140 £450 -3.74% 52
North of England -18 82 £470 +17.13% 65
East of England +2 75 £450 -10.00% 31
Midlands -37 70 £363 -19.44% 49
Scotland -36 67 £425 - 11
West Midlands -20 63 £363 -16.67% 29
North West -12 43 £475 +18.75% 29
Yorkshire -8 25 £525 +32.49% 29
South West -46 23 £463 -11.90% 34
North East +16 14 £405 -1.82% 7
Wales -7 6 £400 -3.61% 6
Northern Ireland -10 6 £483 +9.41% 1
East Midlands -19 6 £434 -13.25% 20

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 566 (47.09%) JSON
2 493 (41.01%) SQL
3 460 (38.27%) Java
4 440 (36.61%) Agile Software Development
5 361 (30.03%) JavaScript
6 322 (26.79%) HTML
7 301 (25.04%) REST
8 299 (24.88%) SOAP
9 289 (24.04%) Web Services
10 270 (22.46%) Oracle
11 258 (21.46%) Social Skills
12 256 (21.30%) Git (software)
13 228 (18.97%) Finance
14 217 (18.05%) Windows
15 204 (16.97%) C#
16 203 (16.89%) Jenkins
17 201 (16.72%) CSS
17 201 (16.72%) Azure
18 196 (16.31%) JIRA
19 188 (15.64%) .NET
20 187 (15.56%) Python
21 180 (14.98%) Test Automation
22 177 (14.73%) DevOps
23 175 (14.56%) SQL Server
24 162 (13.48%) Security Cleared
25 161 (13.39%) Microservices
26 160 (13.31%) Linux
27 158 (13.14%) Spring
28 149 (12.40%) Relational Database
29 143 (11.90%) AWS

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (7.07%) Confluence
2 51 (4.24%) Apache
3 45 (3.74%) WebLogic
4 43 (3.58%) JBoss
5 40 (3.33%) CMS
6 37 (3.08%) Tomcat
7 28 (2.33%) Mule
8 27 (2.25%) WebSphere
9 26 (2.16%) IIS
9 26 (2.16%) OpenStack
10 25 (2.08%) SharePoint
11 22 (1.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 22 (1.83%) Oracle Workflow
12 20 (1.66%) Apache Spark
13 17 (1.41%) Anypoint
14 15 (1.25%) Red Hat Fuse
15 13 (1.08%) nginx
16 11 (0.92%) BizTalk Server
16 11 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
17 10 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 44 (3.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (2.00%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.75%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.33%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.17%) Mingle
7 2 (0.17%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.17%) SPSS
8 1 (0.083%) 3ds Max
8 1 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.083%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.083%) FrameMaker
Business Applications
1 26 (2.16%) SunGard Martini
2 15 (1.25%) SAP HCM
3 14 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 13 (1.08%) SAP FI-CA
4 13 (1.08%) SAP PSCD
5 11 (0.92%) Oracle ERP
5 11 (0.92%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 10 (0.83%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.83%) Oracle EBS R12
6 10 (0.83%) Oracle General Ledger
7 9 (0.75%) Oracle Payables
8 7 (0.58%) Magento
9 5 (0.42%) Maximo
9 5 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
9 5 (0.42%) Oracle Assets
9 5 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
10 4 (0.33%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 3 (0.25%) Oracle FAH
11 3 (0.25%) Oracle Receivables
11 3 (0.25%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 201 (16.72%) Azure
2 143 (11.90%) AWS
3 85 (7.07%) GitHub
4 50 (4.16%) SaaS
5 47 (3.91%) Power Platform
6 46 (3.83%) PaaS
7 37 (3.08%) Azure Logic Apps
8 31 (2.58%) IaaS
9 28 (2.33%) GCP
9 28 (2.33%) Serverless
10 26 (2.16%) Azure Service Bus
11 23 (1.91%) Apigee
12 22 (1.83%) OpenShift
13 19 (1.58%) Azure Functions
14 18 (1.50%) Azure Data Factory
14 18 (1.50%) SuccessFactors
15 17 (1.41%) Boomi
16 16 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
17 15 (1.25%) Azure Active Directory
17 15 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 98 (8.15%) HTTP
2 47 (3.91%) TCP/IP
3 36 (3.00%) DNS
4 34 (2.83%) SSL
5 33 (2.75%) FTP
6 28 (2.33%) VSAN
7 26 (2.16%) Software-Defined Networking
8 24 (2.00%) 3GPP
8 24 (2.00%) SGSN
9 23 (1.91%) LAN
10 18 (1.50%) Firewall
10 18 (1.50%) SMTP
11 14 (1.16%) HTTPS
11 14 (1.16%) SSH
12 12 (1.00%) Internet
12 12 (1.00%) Remote Desktop
13 10 (0.83%) DHCP
14 8 (0.67%) PuTTY
14 8 (0.67%) WAN
15 7 (0.58%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (14.56%) SQL Server
2 149 (12.40%) Relational Database
3 92 (7.65%) Oracle Database
4 79 (6.57%) Data Warehouse
5 71 (5.91%) MySQL
6 51 (4.24%) NoSQL
7 47 (3.91%) Oracle Database 12c
8 45 (3.74%) MongoDB
8 45 (3.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 39 (3.24%) PostgreSQL
10 37 (3.08%) Power BI
11 32 (2.66%) Data Lake
11 32 (2.66%) RDBMS
12 30 (2.50%) Big Data
12 30 (2.50%) Oracle Reports
12 30 (2.50%) Tableau
13 29 (2.41%) DB2
14 24 (2.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 21 (1.75%) Hadoop
16 19 (1.58%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 256 (21.30%) Git (software)
2 203 (16.89%) Jenkins
3 196 (16.31%) JIRA
4 112 (9.32%) JUnit
5 104 (8.65%) Maven
6 94 (7.82%) Subversion
7 88 (7.32%) Selenium
8 80 (6.66%) Postman
8 80 (6.66%) Visual Studio
9 68 (5.66%) Cucumber
10 57 (4.74%) SoapUI
11 40 (3.33%) Gradle
12 39 (3.24%) Oracle APEX
13 36 (3.00%) Eclipse
14 35 (2.91%) Artifactory
15 31 (2.58%) Bitbucket
16 30 (2.50%) TeamCity
17 28 (2.33%) Sonatype Nexus
18 27 (2.25%) Xcode
19 26 (2.16%) IntelliJ
General
1 258 (21.46%) Social Skills
2 228 (18.97%) Finance
3 124 (10.32%) Banking
4 115 (9.57%) Analytical Skills
5 89 (7.40%) Public Sector
6 52 (4.33%) Investment Banking
7 45 (3.74%) Front Office
8 39 (3.24%) Telecoms
9 34 (2.83%) Back Office
10 31 (2.58%) Retail
11 28 (2.33%) Manufacturing
12 25 (2.08%) Documentation Skills
13 24 (2.00%) Marketing
14 23 (1.91%) Influencing Skills
15 15 (1.25%) Presentation Skills
16 13 (1.08%) Electronics
17 12 (1.00%) Legal
18 11 (0.92%) Organisational Skills
19 9 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
20 8 (0.67%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 568 (47.25%) Developer
2 122 (10.15%) Java Developer
3 120 (9.98%) Analyst
4 107 (8.90%) Architect
5 84 (6.99%) Senior Developer
6 60 (4.99%) Consultant
7 52 (4.33%) C# Developer
8 51 (4.24%) ServiceNow Developer
9 50 (4.16%) .NET Developer
10 44 (3.66%) Cloud Engineer
11 38 (3.16%) Test Analyst
12 37 (3.08%) Data Engineer
13 36 (3.00%) Tester
14 33 (2.75%) C++ Developer
14 33 (2.75%) Senior Java Developer
15 30 (2.50%) Data Analyst
15 30 (2.50%) Solutions Architect
16 29 (2.41%) Software Engineer
17 28 (2.33%) Business Analyst
17 28 (2.33%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 566 (47.09%) JSON
2 322 (26.79%) HTML
3 301 (25.04%) REST
4 299 (24.88%) SOAP
5 289 (24.04%) Web Services
6 201 (16.72%) CSS
7 188 (15.64%) .NET
8 158 (13.14%) Spring
9 138 (11.48%) RESTful
10 136 (11.31%) XSLT
11 131 (10.90%) AngularJS
12 85 (7.07%) Node.js
13 72 (5.99%) HTML5
14 70 (5.82%) jQuery
15 67 (5.57%) J2EE
16 66 (5.49%) Spring Boot
17 59 (4.91%) JMS
17 59 (4.91%) React
18 57 (4.74%) ASP.NET
18 57 (4.74%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 51 (4.24%) Data Centre
2 47 (3.91%) Derivative
3 42 (3.49%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (3.16%) Fixed Income
5 32 (2.66%) Data Structures
6 27 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
7 25 (2.08%) Mobile App
8 24 (2.00%) Management Information System
8 24 (2.00%) SWIFT
9 23 (1.91%) Cloud Native
9 23 (1.91%) User Experience
10 20 (1.66%) Equities
10 20 (1.66%) Reference Data
11 19 (1.58%) Animation
12 17 (1.41%) Client/Server
13 14 (1.16%) Algorithms
13 14 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (1.16%) NHS
14 13 (1.08%) CMDB
15 12 (1.00%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 217 (18.05%) Windows
2 160 (13.31%) Linux
3 142 (11.81%) Unix
4 34 (2.83%) Android
4 34 (2.83%) Apple iOS
5 33 (2.75%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.83%) Solaris
8 7 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
9 6 (0.50%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.42%) Windows 10
10 5 (0.42%) Windows Server 2008
10 5 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.33%) CentOS
11 4 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.17%) SUSE
12 2 (0.17%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.083%) webOS
13 1 (0.083%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 440 (36.61%) Agile Software Development
2 180 (14.98%) Test Automation
3 177 (14.73%) DevOps
4 161 (13.39%) Microservices
5 130 (10.82%) TDD
6 123 (10.23%) Scrum
7 116 (9.65%) MVC
8 115 (9.57%) Problem-Solving
9 110 (9.15%) SOA
10 101 (8.40%) Workflow
11 99 (8.24%) SDLC
12 98 (8.15%) OO
13 97 (8.07%) Software Engineering
14 95 (7.90%) Continuous Integration
14 95 (7.90%) Data Modelling
15 94 (7.82%) Configuration Management
16 93 (7.74%) Unit Testing
17 81 (6.74%) BDD
18 76 (6.32%) ETL
18 76 (6.32%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 493 (41.01%) SQL
2 460 (38.27%) Java
3 361 (30.03%) JavaScript
4 204 (16.97%) C#
5 187 (15.56%) Python
6 120 (9.98%) PowerShell
7 85 (7.07%) C++
8 77 (6.41%) PL/SQL
9 63 (5.24%) Java 8
10 47 (3.91%) C
11 39 (3.24%) PHP
11 39 (3.24%) TypeScript
12 35 (2.91%) T-SQL
13 29 (2.41%) Apple Swift
14 27 (2.25%) Shell Script
15 25 (2.08%) Objective-C
16 23 (1.91%) Bash Shell
16 23 (1.91%) Scala
17 22 (1.83%) Perl
18 21 (1.75%) R
Qualifications
1 162 (13.48%) Security Cleared
2 124 (10.32%) SC Cleared
3 71 (5.91%) Degree
4 39 (3.24%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (3.24%) ISTQB
5 38 (3.16%) ISEB
6 35 (2.91%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 27 (2.25%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.25%) AWS Certification
9 13 (1.08%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.17%) ACCA
13 2 (0.17%) CCNA
13 2 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.17%) CISSP
13 2 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.17%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 81 (6.74%) QA
2 24 (2.00%) OASIS TOSCA
3 23 (1.91%) Data Quality
4 16 (1.33%) HL7
5 8 (0.67%) ISO 20022
6 7 (0.58%) Accessibility
6 7 (0.58%) MiFID
7 6 (0.50%) Dodd-Frank
7 6 (0.50%) SLA
8 3 (0.25%) GDPR
8 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.17%) EMIR
9 2 (0.17%) GAAP
9 2 (0.17%) IFRS
9 2 (0.17%) ISO 15022
9 2 (0.17%) ISO 9000
9 2 (0.17%) NIST
9 2 (0.17%) WCAG
10 1 (0.083%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.083%) GRC
System Software
1 125 (10.40%) Docker
2 62 (5.16%) Active Directory
3 41 (3.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (3.16%) VMware ESXi
5 26 (2.16%) KVM
6 24 (2.00%) LXC
6 24 (2.00%) Virtual Machines
7 20 (1.66%) vSphere
8 17 (1.41%) VMware NSX
9 15 (1.25%) Hyper-V
10 9 (0.75%) NFS
11 8 (0.67%) HDFS
12 5 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 4 (0.33%) Terminal Services
13 4 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
13 4 (0.33%) XenApp
14 3 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
14 3 (0.25%) RACF
14 3 (0.25%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 86 (7.15%) Kubernetes
2 53 (4.41%) Ansible
3 30 (2.50%) Grafana
4 28 (2.33%) vRealize
5 27 (2.25%) Prometheus
6 25 (2.08%) Single Sign-On
7 24 (2.00%) Cloudify
7 24 (2.00%) Docker Swarm
7 24 (2.00%) Juju
8 18 (1.50%) Puppet
8 18 (1.50%) Terraform
9 17 (1.41%) PowerCLI
10 13 (1.08%) vCenter Server
11 11 (0.92%) SCVMM
12 9 (0.75%) BladeLogic
13 8 (0.67%) CloudHub
13 8 (0.67%) HP ALM
13 8 (0.67%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.67%) Nagios
13 8 (0.67%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 270 (22.46%) Oracle
2 132 (10.98%) Microsoft
3 79 (6.57%) SAP
4 73 (6.07%) ServiceNow
5 50 (4.16%) MuleSoft
6 46 (3.83%) Splunk
6 46 (3.83%) VMware
7 42 (3.49%) Red Hat
8 41 (3.41%) Salesforce.com
9 38 (3.16%) Dell
10 36 (3.00%) IBM
11 35 (2.91%) Google
12 32 (2.66%) Cisco
13 31 (2.58%) Atlassian
13 31 (2.58%) HP
14 28 (2.33%) Adobe
14 28 (2.33%) webMethods
15 26 (2.16%) FIS
15 26 (2.16%) SunGard
16 24 (2.00%) Mirantis