Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 101 91 73
Rank change year-on-year -10 -18 -21
Contract jobs citing XML 1,924 2,913 3,342
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.34% 2.81% 3.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.70% 8.05% 10.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,197 1,863 2,194
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - +8.43%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £301
90th Percentile £625 £606 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 51 79
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £20.43 £24.50 £21.80
90th Percentile £64.12 £58.75 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.03% -1.79%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,995 36,184 33,175
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.42% 34.86% 32.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,294 25,553 23,413
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 288 315 379
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.20% +3.75% +2.56%
10th Percentile £19.83 £17.00 £18.40
90th Percentile £77.88 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -1.20% +1.22% +9.33%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 1,681 £475 +5.56% 626
UK excluding London -19 1,141 £425 - 524
London -15 709 £525 +5.00% 142
South East -26 326 £425 -5.56% 142
North of England -21 198 £413 +3.13% 146
South West +10 185 £450 +2.86% 62
Midlands -16 166 £425 +6.18% 85
Scotland +21 142 £450 +9.09% 20
West Midlands -11 121 £459 +14.69% 48
North West -36 87 £425 +6.25% 74
East of England -48 82 £450 -10.00% 50
Yorkshire +18 71 £400 -5.88% 55
East Midlands -19 41 £375 -9.09% 37
North East +1 40 £408 +7.24% 17
Wales +4 37 £400 -11.11% 19
Northern Ireland -12 8 £249 -39.62% 3

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 836 (43.45%) SQL
2 810 (42.10%) JSON
3 776 (40.33%) Agile Software Development
4 648 (33.68%) JavaScript
5 627 (32.59%) Java
6 561 (29.16%) Web Services
7 557 (28.95%) HTML
8 440 (22.87%) Oracle
9 420 (21.83%) REST
10 413 (21.47%) CSS
11 409 (21.26%) SQL Server
12 402 (20.89%) SOAP
13 362 (18.81%) C#
14 352 (18.30%) .NET
15 333 (17.31%) Microsoft
16 320 (16.63%) Finance
17 287 (14.92%) Azure
18 282 (14.66%) Test Automation
19 277 (14.40%) Git (software)
20 271 (14.09%) Security Cleared
21 243 (12.63%) Windows
22 238 (12.37%) JIRA
23 228 (11.85%) Linux
24 227 (11.80%) Jenkins
25 224 (11.64%) Scrum
26 212 (11.02%) RESTful
27 208 (10.81%) DevOps
28 207 (10.76%) Spring
29 199 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
30 198 (10.29%) SOA

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 134 (6.96%) Confluence
2 97 (5.04%) WebLogic
3 93 (4.83%) CMS
4 92 (4.78%) JBoss
5 81 (4.21%) Apache
6 79 (4.11%) Tomcat
7 76 (3.95%) SharePoint
8 62 (3.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 61 (3.17%) WebSphere
10 39 (2.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 39 (2.03%) IIS
11 37 (1.92%) MQSeries
12 26 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
13 25 (1.30%) BizTalk Server
14 21 (1.09%) ArcGIS
15 19 (0.99%) GeoServer
16 17 (0.88%) Jupyter
17 16 (0.83%) Apache Spark
17 16 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
18 13 (0.68%) Mule
Applications
1 69 (3.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (1.72%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (1.25%) XMetaL
4 14 (0.73%) Microsoft Project
5 13 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.57%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.31%) Doxygen
7 6 (0.31%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.31%) SPSS
8 5 (0.26%) Camtasia
9 3 (0.16%) Adobe Premiere
9 3 (0.16%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.16%) Sketch
9 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.16%) Windchill
10 2 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
10 2 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.10%) InDesign
10 2 (0.10%) InVision
11 1 (0.052%) CATIA
Business Applications
1 54 (2.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (1.40%) Oracle Receivables
3 24 (1.25%) Adobe Campaign
4 21 (1.09%) Oracle EBS
5 19 (0.99%) BusinessWorks
6 15 (0.78%) Oracle EBS R12
7 13 (0.68%) Oracle TCA
8 12 (0.62%) Oracle General Ledger
8 12 (0.62%) Oracle Payables
9 11 (0.57%) Oracle Assets
9 11 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
9 11 (0.57%) Oracle Cash Management
9 11 (0.57%) Oracle FAH
9 11 (0.57%) Oracle Internet Expenses
10 9 (0.47%) Oracle iProcurement
11 8 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
12 7 (0.36%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
13 6 (0.31%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 5 (0.26%) NetSuite
14 5 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 287 (14.92%) Azure
2 154 (8.00%) AWS
3 104 (5.41%) Power Platform
4 99 (5.15%) GitHub
5 96 (4.99%) SaaS
6 44 (2.29%) Azure Active Directory
7 43 (2.23%) Office 365
8 42 (2.18%) PaaS
9 41 (2.13%) Dynamics 365
10 38 (1.98%) Google Analytics
10 38 (1.98%) Serverless
11 28 (1.46%) GCP
12 26 (1.35%) Azure Data Factory
13 25 (1.30%) Boomi
14 24 (1.25%) Adobe Analytics
15 23 (1.20%) OpenShift
16 22 (1.14%) Amazon S3
16 22 (1.14%) IaaS
17 21 (1.09%) Azure Functions
18 19 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 133 (6.91%) HTTP
2 71 (3.69%) SSL
3 40 (2.08%) TCP/IP
4 39 (2.03%) SMTP
5 32 (1.66%) FTP
6 27 (1.40%) SSH
7 21 (1.09%) Internet
7 21 (1.09%) SNMP
8 15 (0.78%) HTTPS
9 13 (0.68%) Firewall
10 12 (0.62%) BGP
10 12 (0.62%) OSPF
11 11 (0.57%) ICMP
11 11 (0.57%) Telnet
12 10 (0.52%) DNS
13 8 (0.42%) BIG-IP
13 8 (0.42%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.42%) NFC
13 8 (0.42%) POP3
14 7 (0.36%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 409 (21.26%) SQL Server
2 178 (9.25%) Relational Database
3 124 (6.44%) MySQL
4 114 (5.93%) Data Warehouse
5 101 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
6 100 (5.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 93 (4.83%) Oracle Database
8 91 (4.73%) Power BI
9 89 (4.63%) NoSQL
10 67 (3.48%) MongoDB
10 67 (3.48%) RDBMS
11 64 (3.33%) Big Data
12 57 (2.96%) DB2
13 51 (2.65%) Azure SQL Database
14 43 (2.23%) Oracle Reports
15 37 (1.92%) Hadoop
16 36 (1.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 34 (1.77%) Data Lake
17 34 (1.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 33 (1.72%) Oracle BI Publisher
Development Applications
1 277 (14.40%) Git (software)
2 238 (12.37%) JIRA
3 227 (11.80%) Jenkins
4 172 (8.94%) Selenium
5 141 (7.33%) JUnit
6 134 (6.96%) Cucumber
7 109 (5.67%) Maven
8 93 (4.83%) Visual Studio
9 85 (4.42%) Eclipse
10 68 (3.53%) Ant
11 64 (3.33%) Subversion
12 63 (3.27%) Gatling
13 62 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
14 51 (2.65%) SoapUI
15 44 (2.29%) Mockito
16 39 (2.03%) Gradle
17 36 (1.87%) Visual Studio Team System
18 31 (1.61%) Bitbucket
18 31 (1.61%) IntelliJ
19 28 (1.46%) JMeter
General
1 320 (16.63%) Finance
2 172 (8.94%) Public Sector
3 136 (7.07%) Banking
4 70 (3.64%) Marketing
5 43 (2.23%) Retail
6 32 (1.66%) Manufacturing
7 31 (1.61%) Investment Banking
7 31 (1.61%) Telecoms
8 28 (1.46%) Legal
9 27 (1.40%) Publishing
10 23 (1.20%) Front Office
11 20 (1.04%) Electronics
12 19 (0.99%) Back Office
13 16 (0.83%) Games
14 15 (0.78%) Pharmaceutical
15 14 (0.73%) Billing
16 12 (0.62%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.47%) Advertising
17 9 (0.47%) Multimedia
18 7 (0.36%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,021 (53.07%) Developer
2 230 (11.95%) Architect
3 223 (11.59%) Analyst
4 184 (9.56%) Java Developer
5 92 (4.78%) Consultant
5 92 (4.78%) ServiceNow Developer
6 90 (4.68%) Senior Developer
7 80 (4.16%) .NET Developer
8 78 (4.05%) Solutions Architect
9 69 (3.59%) Test Analyst
10 63 (3.27%) C# Developer
11 59 (3.07%) Data Analyst
12 58 (3.01%) SQL Developer
13 52 (2.70%) Software Developer
14 49 (2.55%) Tester
15 46 (2.39%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 40 (2.08%) Azure Developer
17 38 (1.98%) XML Developer
18 37 (1.92%) Business Analyst
19 36 (1.87%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 810 (42.10%) JSON
2 561 (29.16%) Web Services
3 557 (28.95%) HTML
4 420 (21.83%) REST
5 413 (21.47%) CSS
6 402 (20.89%) SOAP
7 352 (18.30%) .NET
8 212 (11.02%) RESTful
9 207 (10.76%) Spring
10 198 (10.29%) AngularJS
11 152 (7.90%) HTML5
12 149 (7.74%) Node.js
13 142 (7.38%) Hibernate
14 131 (6.81%) XSLT
15 120 (6.24%) ASP.NET
16 114 (5.93%) jQuery
17 110 (5.72%) Ajax
18 108 (5.61%) J2EE
19 105 (5.46%) XSD
20 104 (5.41%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 174 (9.04%) Analytical Skills
2 68 (3.53%) Management Information System
3 65 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
4 52 (2.70%) User Experience
5 44 (2.29%) Data Structures
6 37 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
7 36 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
8 34 (1.77%) PKI
9 32 (1.66%) Mobile App
10 23 (1.20%) Reference Data
11 21 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
12 19 (0.99%) Derivative
13 18 (0.94%) Client/Server
13 18 (0.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 16 (0.83%) Taxonomies
15 14 (0.73%) NHS
15 14 (0.73%) Virtual Team
16 13 (0.68%) CMDB
16 13 (0.68%) Fixed Income
17 12 (0.62%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 243 (12.63%) Windows
2 228 (11.85%) Linux
3 191 (9.93%) Unix
4 50 (2.60%) Android
4 50 (2.60%) Apple iOS
5 32 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (1.09%) OpenVMS
6 21 (1.09%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.99%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.88%) Windows 10
9 15 (0.78%) CentOS
10 12 (0.62%) Mac OS X
11 10 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.47%) Solaris
13 8 (0.42%) Debian
13 8 (0.42%) Windows 7
13 8 (0.42%) Windows XP
14 6 (0.31%) VMS
15 5 (0.26%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.21%) Mac OS X Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 776 (40.33%) Agile Software Development
2 282 (14.66%) Test Automation
3 224 (11.64%) Scrum
4 208 (10.81%) DevOps
5 199 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
6 198 (10.29%) SOA
7 195 (10.14%) Microservices
8 189 (9.82%) TDD
9 166 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
10 159 (8.26%) ETL
11 151 (7.85%) Migration
12 144 (7.48%) Data Modelling
13 143 (7.43%) SDLC
14 142 (7.38%) BDD
15 139 (7.22%) Unit Testing
16 136 (7.07%) MVC
17 129 (6.70%) Analytics
18 125 (6.50%) OO
19 118 (6.13%) Open Source
20 112 (5.82%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 836 (43.45%) SQL
2 648 (33.68%) JavaScript
3 627 (32.59%) Java
4 362 (18.81%) C#
5 171 (8.89%) Python
6 132 (6.86%) T-SQL
7 129 (6.70%) PL/SQL
8 115 (5.98%) PowerShell
9 79 (4.11%) Scala
10 73 (3.79%) C++
11 68 (3.53%) Bash Shell
12 67 (3.48%) C
13 57 (2.96%) Perl
14 55 (2.86%) Ruby
15 46 (2.39%) Shell Script
16 45 (2.34%) PHP
17 37 (1.92%) VB
17 37 (1.92%) XQuery
18 34 (1.77%) VB.NET
19 27 (1.40%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 271 (14.09%) Security Cleared
2 196 (10.19%) SC Cleared
3 148 (7.69%) Degree
4 75 (3.90%) ISTQB
5 72 (3.74%) ISEB
6 49 (2.55%) DV Cleared
7 48 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
8 47 (2.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 25 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
10 13 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
11 11 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
12 9 (0.47%) CCNP
13 8 (0.42%) ISEB Practitioner
14 7 (0.36%) CCIE
14 7 (0.36%) HND
15 6 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
16 5 (0.26%) MCSE
17 4 (0.21%) BC Cleared
18 3 (0.16%) Master's Degree
18 3 (0.16%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 140 (7.28%) QA
2 43 (2.23%) Data Quality
3 26 (1.35%) WCAG
4 15 (0.78%) SLA
5 12 (0.62%) GDPR
5 12 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.47%) MiFID
7 8 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
7 8 (0.42%) JSP 440
8 6 (0.31%) EMIR
8 6 (0.31%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.26%) HL7
9 5 (0.26%) HMG Infosec
9 5 (0.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 5 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.21%) IFRS
10 4 (0.21%) PMO
10 4 (0.21%) SEPA
11 3 (0.16%) Solvency II
12 2 (0.10%) GxP
System Software
1 136 (7.07%) Docker
2 64 (3.33%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.04%) Hyper-V
4 17 (0.88%) vSphere
5 15 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.52%) Apache Flume
7 9 (0.47%) HDFS
8 7 (0.36%) NDS
8 7 (0.36%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 6 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.21%) BitLocker
10 4 (0.21%) Firmware
10 4 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.16%) ISA Server
12 2 (0.10%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.052%) Gluster
13 1 (0.052%) GridGain
13 1 (0.052%) LXC
13 1 (0.052%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.052%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 39 (2.03%) Ansible
2 38 (1.98%) Kibana
3 34 (1.77%) Grafana
4 33 (1.72%) Puppet
5 30 (1.56%) Kubernetes
6 24 (1.25%) HP Quality Center
7 22 (1.14%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.68%) Control-M
9 12 (0.62%) SCCM
9 12 (0.62%) Terraform
10 11 (0.57%) WMI
11 10 (0.52%) logstash
12 9 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 8 (0.42%) HP ALM
13 8 (0.42%) Oracle Identity Manager
14 7 (0.36%) Cisco Prime
14 7 (0.36%) Jamf Pro
14 7 (0.36%) Opscode Chef
15 6 (0.31%) Salt
15 6 (0.31%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 440 (22.87%) Oracle
2 333 (17.31%) Microsoft
3 105 (5.46%) ServiceNow
4 92 (4.78%) Google
5 81 (4.21%) IBM
6 74 (3.85%) Adobe
6 74 (3.85%) SAP
7 65 (3.38%) MuleSoft
8 63 (3.27%) webMethods
9 57 (2.96%) Red Hat
10 45 (2.34%) Tableau
11 42 (2.18%) Sybase
12 40 (2.08%) Axway
12 40 (2.08%) HP
13 29 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
13 29 (1.51%) TIBCO
14 28 (1.46%) VMware
15 26 (1.35%) CheckPoint
15 26 (1.35%) Dell
16 22 (1.14%) Xamarin