Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 95 83
Rank change year-on-year -2 -12 -19
Contract jobs citing XML 966 2,388 3,050
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.33% 2.55% 2.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.58% 7.90% 8.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 636 1,611 1,990
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £316 £325 £313
90th Percentile £613 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £470 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +7.34% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 63 63
Median hourly rate £39.77 £44.92 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.45% +12.29% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £20.46 £17.52
90th Percentile £67.65 £62.55 £67.06
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.39 £45.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year -5.81% +9.76% -0.61%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,737 30,244 35,180
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.74% 32.33% 33.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,558 21,174 24,705
Median daily rate £500 £490 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.70% +5.00%
10th Percentile £331 £334 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 194 321 366
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.47% +2.78%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £14.90
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £60.47
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 844 £498 +4.74% 195
UK excluding London 0 577 £470 +7.34% 154
London -13 348 £518 -1.43% 55
South East +2 136 £475 +11.76% 30
North of England -3 105 £404 -5.00% 42
Midlands +19 99 £450 +5.88% 23
South West +5 81 £525 +11.11% 34
West Midlands +13 73 £443 +4.12% 15
Scotland +13 71 £425 -5.56% 12
East of England +8 64 £525 +5.00% 10
North West +21 61 £425 - 24
Work from Home -19 61 £450 -18.18% 16
Yorkshire +21 37 £393 -15.14% 15
East Midlands +36 26 £500 +25.00% 8
Wales -5 12 £415 +3.75% 2
Northern Ireland +2 10 £441 +17.44% 1
North East +17 9 £415 +3.75% 3

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 463 (47.93%) SQL
2 435 (45.03%) Java
3 411 (42.55%) JSON
4 368 (38.10%) Agile Software Development
5 338 (34.99%) Oracle
6 329 (34.06%) Web Services
7 296 (30.64%) SOAP
8 278 (28.78%) JavaScript
9 277 (28.67%) REST
10 260 (26.92%) HTML
11 222 (22.98%) SQL Server
12 186 (19.25%) CSS
13 176 (18.22%) XSLT
13 176 (18.22%) Windows
13 176 (18.22%) C#
14 174 (18.01%) Git (software)
15 173 (17.91%) .NET
15 173 (17.91%) Finance
16 172 (17.81%) Security Cleared
17 161 (16.67%) Microsoft
18 151 (15.63%) SOA
19 150 (15.53%) JIRA
20 146 (15.11%) SC Cleared
21 141 (14.60%) Unix
22 138 (14.29%) Linux
23 129 (13.35%) Test Automation
23 129 (13.35%) Jenkins
23 129 (13.35%) DevOps
24 126 (13.04%) Azure
25 124 (12.84%) RESTful

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (12.73%) WebLogic
2 90 (9.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 85 (8.80%) Confluence
4 70 (7.25%) Red Hat Fuse
5 63 (6.52%) Tomcat
6 59 (6.11%) JBoss
7 53 (5.49%) SharePoint
8 44 (4.55%) Mule
9 43 (4.45%) WebSphere
10 38 (3.93%) Oracle Service Bus
11 34 (3.52%) Apache
12 33 (3.42%) IIS
13 24 (2.48%) MQSeries
14 21 (2.17%) BizTalk Server
15 14 (1.45%) CMS
16 10 (1.04%) Apache Spark
17 9 (0.93%) WebSphere Application Server
18 8 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
19 7 (0.72%) Apache ServiceMix
19 7 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 41 (4.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (3.42%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.86%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.83%) InfoPath
5 6 (0.62%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.21%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.21%) Doxygen
7 2 (0.21%) LaTeX
7 2 (0.21%) MadCap Flare
8 1 (0.10%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.10%) InVision
8 1 (0.10%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.10%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 23 (2.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (1.97%) Oracle ERP
3 12 (1.24%) Oracle EBS
4 9 (0.93%) BusinessWorks
4 9 (0.93%) Maximo
5 8 (0.83%) Oracle BPM
5 8 (0.83%) Oracle Receivables
6 7 (0.72%) SAP FI-CA
7 6 (0.62%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.62%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 5 (0.52%) Remedy ITSM
9 4 (0.41%) Magento
9 4 (0.41%) Oracle Applications
9 4 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.41%) Oracle Financials
9 4 (0.41%) Oracle General Ledger
9 4 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 3 (0.31%) Oracle FAH
10 3 (0.31%) Oracle iSupplier
10 3 (0.31%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 126 (13.04%) Azure
2 90 (9.32%) AWS
3 41 (4.24%) Power Platform
4 39 (4.04%) SaaS
5 31 (3.21%) PaaS
6 30 (3.11%) GitHub
7 26 (2.69%) Boomi
8 20 (2.07%) Serverless
9 18 (1.86%) Office 365
10 14 (1.45%) GCP
10 14 (1.45%) Logic Apps
11 13 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (1.35%) IaaS
12 10 (1.04%) Apigee
12 10 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
13 9 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (0.93%) Azure Data Factory
13 9 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
14 8 (0.83%) Kong
15 7 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 67 (6.94%) HTTP
2 33 (3.42%) SSL
3 25 (2.59%) VSAN
4 22 (2.28%) FTP
5 16 (1.66%) Firewall
6 14 (1.45%) DNS
7 13 (1.35%) Internet
7 13 (1.35%) TCP/IP
8 12 (1.24%) LAN
9 9 (0.93%) VPN
10 8 (0.83%) Kerberos
10 8 (0.83%) SNMP
10 8 (0.83%) WAN
11 6 (0.62%) Broadband
11 6 (0.62%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.52%) Cisco ASA
12 5 (0.52%) DKIM
12 5 (0.52%) Ethernet
12 5 (0.52%) Network Security
12 5 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 222 (22.98%) SQL Server
2 84 (8.70%) Relational Database
3 63 (6.52%) MySQL
4 59 (6.11%) Oracle Database
5 55 (5.69%) NoSQL
6 54 (5.59%) PostgreSQL
7 51 (5.28%) Data Warehouse
8 42 (4.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 41 (4.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 35 (3.62%) Power BI
11 34 (3.52%) DB2
11 34 (3.52%) Oracle Database 11g
12 33 (3.42%) MongoDB
12 33 (3.42%) RDBMS
13 25 (2.59%) Big Data
14 24 (2.48%) Hadoop
15 21 (2.17%) SQL Server 2008
16 17 (1.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 16 (1.66%) Oracle OWB
18 15 (1.55%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 174 (18.01%) Git (software)
2 150 (15.53%) JIRA
3 129 (13.35%) Jenkins
4 103 (10.66%) Maven
5 69 (7.14%) JUnit
6 68 (7.04%) Selenium
7 58 (6.00%) Cucumber
7 58 (6.00%) Visual Studio
8 57 (5.90%) Postman
9 53 (5.49%) Team Foundation Server
10 48 (4.97%) SoapUI
11 42 (4.35%) Eclipse
12 41 (4.24%) Subversion
13 35 (3.62%) Ant
14 29 (3.00%) Gradle
15 28 (2.90%) Mockito
16 21 (2.17%) Toad
17 19 (1.97%) Bitbucket
17 19 (1.97%) JMeter
18 12 (1.24%) Oracle Forms
General
1 173 (17.91%) Finance
2 117 (12.11%) Public Sector
3 53 (5.49%) Telecoms
4 52 (5.38%) Banking
5 51 (5.28%) Marketing
6 48 (4.97%) Manufacturing
7 39 (4.04%) Electronics
8 21 (2.17%) Investment Banking
9 16 (1.66%) Retail
10 12 (1.24%) Law
10 12 (1.24%) Pharmaceutical
11 11 (1.14%) Legal
12 9 (0.93%) Back Office
12 9 (0.93%) Games
12 9 (0.93%) Publishing
13 7 (0.72%) Local Government
14 6 (0.62%) Front Office
15 5 (0.52%) Financial Institution
16 4 (0.41%) Automotive
16 4 (0.41%) Military
Job Titles
1 402 (41.61%) Developer
2 121 (12.53%) Architect
3 104 (10.77%) Java Developer
4 98 (10.14%) Analyst
5 54 (5.59%) Consultant
6 52 (5.38%) Senior Developer
7 38 (3.93%) .NET Developer
8 32 (3.31%) Senior Java Developer
9 30 (3.11%) Integration Developer
10 28 (2.90%) Software Engineer
11 27 (2.80%) Data Analyst
11 27 (2.80%) Virtualisation Engineer
12 26 (2.69%) Applications Architect
12 26 (2.69%) Test Analyst
13 23 (2.38%) C# Developer
13 23 (2.38%) Lead Developer
14 21 (2.17%) Business Analyst
15 19 (1.97%) Oracle Developer
15 19 (1.97%) Software Developer
16 18 (1.86%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 411 (42.55%) JSON
2 329 (34.06%) Web Services
3 296 (30.64%) SOAP
4 277 (28.67%) REST
5 260 (26.92%) HTML
6 186 (19.25%) CSS
7 176 (18.22%) XSLT
8 173 (17.91%) .NET
9 124 (12.84%) RESTful
10 101 (10.46%) Spring
11 88 (9.11%) Middleware
12 78 (8.07%) Apache Camel
12 78 (8.07%) jQuery
13 67 (6.94%) ASP.NET
14 61 (6.31%) XSD
15 60 (6.21%) AngularJS
16 59 (6.11%) Swagger
17 55 (5.69%) J2EE
18 53 (5.49%) Hibernate
19 48 (4.97%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 60 (6.21%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
3 25 (2.59%) User Experience
4 17 (1.76%) Mobile App
4 17 (1.76%) PKI
5 16 (1.66%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (1.45%) Management Information System
7 12 (1.24%) Data Centre
8 11 (1.14%) Mainframe
9 10 (1.04%) Data Structures
9 10 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (0.93%) Fixed Income
10 9 (0.93%) NHS
10 9 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
10 9 (0.93%) Virtual Team
11 8 (0.83%) Derivative
11 8 (0.83%) Public Cloud
12 7 (0.72%) DataPower
12 7 (0.72%) Reference Data
12 7 (0.72%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 176 (18.22%) Windows
2 141 (14.60%) Unix
3 138 (14.29%) Linux
4 52 (5.38%) Windows Server
5 31 (3.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.45%) Android
6 14 (1.45%) Windows 10
7 12 (1.24%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (1.04%) AIX
9 7 (0.72%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.62%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.52%) CentOS
12 4 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
13 3 (0.31%) Windows 7
13 3 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (0.31%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.21%) Debian
14 2 (0.21%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.21%) Solaris
14 2 (0.21%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 368 (38.10%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (15.63%) SOA
3 129 (13.35%) DevOps
3 129 (13.35%) Test Automation
4 107 (11.08%) Business Intelligence
4 107 (11.08%) TDD
5 102 (10.56%) Migration
6 101 (10.46%) Problem-Solving
7 100 (10.35%) Continuous Integration
7 100 (10.35%) Scrum
8 97 (10.04%) SDLC
9 93 (9.63%) Microservices
10 76 (7.87%) Data Modelling
10 76 (7.87%) Unit Testing
10 76 (7.87%) Waterfall
11 72 (7.45%) ETL
12 71 (7.35%) Configuration Management
13 66 (6.83%) MVC
14 63 (6.52%) Software Engineering
14 63 (6.52%) UML
Programming Languages
1 463 (47.93%) SQL
2 435 (45.03%) Java
3 278 (28.78%) JavaScript
4 176 (18.22%) C#
5 120 (12.42%) PL/SQL
6 87 (9.01%) PowerShell
7 86 (8.90%) T-SQL
8 75 (7.76%) Python
9 68 (7.04%) XPath
10 47 (4.87%) Shell Script
11 36 (3.73%) C
12 30 (3.11%) PHP
12 30 (3.11%) VB.NET
13 28 (2.90%) Perl
14 24 (2.48%) C++
14 24 (2.48%) XQuery
15 23 (2.38%) VB
16 22 (2.28%) Bash Shell
17 16 (1.66%) Ruby
17 16 (1.66%) VBA
Qualifications
1 172 (17.81%) Security Cleared
2 146 (15.11%) SC Cleared
3 68 (7.04%) Degree
4 33 (3.42%) DV Cleared
5 31 (3.21%) ISEB
6 22 (2.28%) ISTQB
7 21 (2.17%) Computer Science Degree
8 18 (1.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 14 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 12 (1.24%) ISEB Practitioner
11 10 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.83%) Master's Degree
13 7 (0.72%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.72%) MCITP
14 6 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
14 6 (0.62%) MCAD
14 6 (0.62%) MCPD
15 3 (0.31%) CCNP
15 3 (0.31%) MCSD
15 3 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (6.63%) QA
2 14 (1.45%) SLA
3 13 (1.35%) Data Quality
4 11 (1.14%) GDPR
5 10 (1.04%) IFRS
6 9 (0.93%) Solvency II
7 6 (0.62%) HL7
7 6 (0.62%) WCAG
8 5 (0.52%) GxP
8 5 (0.52%) ISO 20022
9 4 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.31%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.31%) NCSC
11 2 (0.21%) MiFID
11 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.10%) CDISC
12 1 (0.10%) PMO
12 1 (0.10%) RMADS
12 1 (0.10%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 68 (7.04%) Active Directory
2 55 (5.69%) Docker
3 41 (4.24%) vSphere
4 37 (3.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (2.69%) VMware NSX
5 26 (2.69%) XenApp
6 25 (2.59%) Terminal Services
7 9 (0.93%) RACF
8 8 (0.83%) NFS
9 7 (0.72%) HDFS
9 7 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.62%) Hyper-V
11 5 (0.52%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.41%) NDS
12 4 (0.41%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 1 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 37 (3.83%) PowerCLI
2 30 (3.11%) Kubernetes
3 26 (2.69%) vRealize
4 17 (1.76%) Single Sign-On
5 12 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (0.93%) Puppet
6 9 (0.93%) SCCM
6 9 (0.93%) Terraform
7 8 (0.83%) Rancher
8 6 (0.62%) Nagios
8 6 (0.62%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 5 (0.52%) Control-M
9 5 (0.52%) Grafana
10 4 (0.41%) Ansible
10 4 (0.41%) CFEngine
10 4 (0.41%) HP ALM
10 4 (0.41%) HP SiteScope
10 4 (0.41%) Jamf Pro
10 4 (0.41%) Kibana
10 4 (0.41%) Oozie
Vendors
1 338 (34.99%) Oracle
2 161 (16.67%) Microsoft
3 83 (8.59%) SAP
4 64 (6.63%) Red Hat
5 63 (6.52%) IBM
6 51 (5.28%) VMware
7 43 (4.45%) MuleSoft
8 37 (3.83%) Sybase
9 34 (3.52%) webMethods
9 34 (3.52%) WSO2
10 30 (3.11%) Citrix
10 30 (3.11%) Informatica
10 30 (3.11%) NetApp
11 29 (3.00%) Dell
12 26 (2.69%) Talend
13 25 (2.59%) Axway
13 25 (2.59%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (2.17%) ServiceNow
15 19 (1.97%) Atlassian
15 19 (1.97%) Google