Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 78 63 55
Rank change year-on-year -15 -8 -8
Contract jobs citing XML 3,096 3,258 4,110
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.03% 3.41% 3.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.79% 10.51% 12.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,985 2,100 2,822
UK median daily rate £450 £447 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.67% +6.43% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £288
90th Percentile £606 £606 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £389
% change year-on-year +3.66% +5.47% +3.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 90 76
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +23.08%
10th Percentile £17.52 £19.76 £13.81
90th Percentile £57.00 £63.75 £58.53
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £39.38
% change year-on-year +2.50% +1.59% +10.92%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,236 30,997 31,691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.43% 32.42% 29.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,889 21,393 22,140
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £306 £291
90th Percentile £625 £622 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +5.63% +5.26% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 345 385 386
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11% -2.70%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -2.70%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 2,799 £450 - 783
UK excluding London -12 1,793 £425 +3.66% 631
London -20 1,250 £500 +2.04% 210
South East -9 544 £440 +0.57% 154
North of England -3 332 £400 +6.67% 159
Midlands +22 293 £400 - 98
East of England -23 239 £500 +12.36% 75
Scotland 0 198 £413 +3.13% 37
West Midlands +13 172 £388 -18.42% 54
North West -2 165 £391 +4.14% 97
South West -22 142 £400 -5.88% 86
East Midlands +24 121 £410 +11.56% 44
Yorkshire -18 103 £425 +11.84% 55
North East +15 65 £395 +3.61% 7
Wales -18 34 £475 +35.71% 12
Northern Ireland -10 14 £431 +4.36% 10

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 1,374 (44.38%) Java
2 1,317 (42.54%) SQL
3 1,293 (41.76%) Agile Software Development
4 1,085 (35.05%) JSON
5 1,067 (34.46%) JavaScript
6 970 (31.33%) HTML
7 921 (29.75%) Web Services
8 838 (27.07%) Oracle
9 788 (25.45%) CSS
10 745 (24.06%) SOAP
11 673 (21.74%) C#
12 621 (20.06%) REST
13 609 (19.67%) .NET
14 579 (18.70%) SQL Server
15 568 (18.35%) Finance
16 520 (16.80%) Git (software)
17 498 (16.09%) TDD
18 477 (15.41%) Scrum
19 452 (14.60%) Linux
20 450 (14.53%) Windows
21 442 (14.28%) XSLT
21 442 (14.28%) Test Automation
22 439 (14.18%) Unix
23 413 (13.34%) Spring
24 403 (13.02%) RESTful
25 399 (12.89%) Microsoft
26 382 (12.34%) jQuery
27 380 (12.27%) HTML5
28 365 (11.79%) SOA
29 346 (11.18%) Relational Database

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 211 (6.82%) Tomcat
2 197 (6.36%) WebLogic
3 174 (5.62%) Confluence
4 159 (5.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 132 (4.26%) CMS
6 131 (4.23%) SharePoint
7 125 (4.04%) Apache
8 122 (3.94%) WebSphere
9 120 (3.88%) JBoss
10 119 (3.84%) IIS
11 67 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
12 66 (2.13%) Oracle Service Bus
13 63 (2.03%) Mule
14 58 (1.87%) Apache Spark
15 56 (1.81%) SharePoint 2010
15 56 (1.81%) SharePoint 2013
16 53 (1.71%) nginx
17 51 (1.65%) BizTalk Server
18 37 (1.20%) SharePoint Server
19 34 (1.10%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 94 (3.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (1.36%) InfoPath
3 42 (1.36%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.74%) Microsoft Project
5 15 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.36%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.26%) AutoCAD
8 6 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.16%) InDesign
10 4 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.13%) Autodesk Inventor
11 3 (0.097%) Adobe After Effects
11 3 (0.097%) EngageOne
12 2 (0.065%) Acrobat
12 2 (0.065%) Doxygen
12 2 (0.065%) Revit
13 1 (0.032%) Final Cut Pro
13 1 (0.032%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 36 (1.16%) Oracle EBS
2 29 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
3 27 (0.87%) Oracle BPM
4 22 (0.71%) Oracle EBS R12
5 21 (0.68%) Oracle Receivables
6 15 (0.48%) Oracle Financials
7 14 (0.45%) Magento
8 13 (0.42%) Actimize
8 13 (0.42%) Oracle General Ledger
9 9 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
10 8 (0.26%) ION MarketView
10 8 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
11 7 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
11 7 (0.23%) Oracle iProcurement
11 7 (0.23%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 6 (0.19%) AquaLogic BPM
12 6 (0.19%) Elite 3E
12 6 (0.19%) Endur
12 6 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
13 5 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 287 (9.27%) Amazon AWS
2 223 (7.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (2.55%) GitHub
4 73 (2.36%) Amazon S3
5 71 (2.29%) Office 365
6 53 (1.71%) SaaS
7 51 (1.65%) npm
8 41 (1.32%) OpenShift
9 36 (1.16%) PaaS
10 29 (0.94%) Google Analytics
11 28 (0.90%) Boomi
12 26 (0.84%) Serverless
13 23 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
14 21 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
15 19 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
15 19 (0.61%) IaaS
16 17 (0.55%) Azure Active Directory
17 16 (0.52%) Force.com
17 16 (0.52%) NuGet
18 15 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 184 (5.94%) HTTP
2 78 (2.52%) SSL
3 66 (2.13%) Internet
4 63 (2.03%) FTP
5 62 (2.00%) TCP/IP
6 29 (0.94%) Firewall
7 25 (0.81%) AMQP
7 25 (0.81%) SMS
8 23 (0.74%) DNS
8 23 (0.74%) SMTP
9 22 (0.71%) SNMP
10 21 (0.68%) Intranet
11 19 (0.61%) VPN
12 17 (0.55%) HTTPS
12 17 (0.55%) Kerberos
13 15 (0.48%) SSH
14 14 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
15 12 (0.39%) MQTT
16 10 (0.32%) IMAP
16 10 (0.32%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 579 (18.70%) SQL Server
2 346 (11.18%) Relational Database
3 195 (6.30%) MySQL
4 178 (5.75%) MongoDB
5 171 (5.52%) NoSQL
6 157 (5.07%) RDBMS
7 156 (5.04%) Oracle Database
8 141 (4.55%) PostgreSQL
9 133 (4.30%) Data Warehouse
10 99 (3.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 99 (3.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 79 (2.55%) DB2
12 78 (2.52%) SQL Server 2008
13 73 (2.36%) Hadoop
14 68 (2.20%) Big Data
15 57 (1.84%) Oracle Database 11g
16 40 (1.29%) Power BI
17 35 (1.13%) HBase
17 35 (1.13%) SQL Server 2012
18 33 (1.07%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 520 (16.80%) Git (software)
2 344 (11.11%) Jenkins
3 312 (10.08%) JIRA
4 290 (9.37%) Maven
5 266 (8.59%) Selenium
6 245 (7.91%) JUnit
7 227 (7.33%) Visual Studio
8 205 (6.62%) Subversion
9 203 (6.56%) Cucumber
10 173 (5.59%) Team Foundation Server
11 142 (4.59%) Eclipse
11 142 (4.59%) SoapUI
12 106 (3.42%) Ant
13 96 (3.10%) Gradle
14 81 (2.62%) IntelliJ
15 66 (2.13%) Toad
16 64 (2.07%) SpecFlow
17 62 (2.00%) NUnit
18 55 (1.78%) JMeter
19 48 (1.55%) TeamCity
General
1 568 (18.35%) Finance
2 272 (8.79%) Banking
3 112 (3.62%) Retail
4 107 (3.46%) Marketing
5 105 (3.39%) Telecoms
6 102 (3.29%) Manufacturing
7 92 (2.97%) Front Office
8 91 (2.94%) Investment Banking
9 76 (2.45%) Electronics
10 66 (2.13%) Back Office
11 55 (1.78%) Legal
12 53 (1.71%) Financial Institution
13 26 (0.84%) Automotive
14 25 (0.81%) Law
15 22 (0.71%) General Ledger
16 21 (0.68%) Games
17 18 (0.58%) Publishing
18 14 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
19 9 (0.29%) Advertising
20 6 (0.19%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,827 (59.01%) Developer
2 499 (16.12%) Java Developer
3 333 (10.76%) Analyst
4 220 (7.11%) Architect
5 183 (5.91%) .NET Developer
6 181 (5.85%) Senior Developer
7 154 (4.97%) C# Developer
8 133 (4.30%) Test Analyst
9 129 (4.17%) Consultant
10 100 (3.23%) Tester
11 95 (3.07%) Integration Developer
12 87 (2.81%) Full Stack Developer
13 86 (2.78%) C++ Developer
14 84 (2.71%) SQL Developer
15 81 (2.62%) ServiceNow Developer
16 79 (2.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 76 (2.45%) Senior Java Developer
18 72 (2.33%) Oracle Developer
19 71 (2.29%) Software Developer
20 70 (2.26%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,085 (35.05%) JSON
2 970 (31.33%) HTML
3 921 (29.75%) Web Services
4 788 (25.45%) CSS
5 745 (24.06%) SOAP
6 621 (20.06%) REST
7 609 (19.67%) .NET
8 442 (14.28%) XSLT
9 413 (13.34%) Spring
10 403 (13.02%) RESTful
11 382 (12.34%) jQuery
12 380 (12.27%) HTML5
13 342 (11.05%) AngularJS
14 262 (8.46%) ASP.NET
15 261 (8.43%) J2EE
16 251 (8.11%) Ajax
17 245 (7.91%) Middleware
18 237 (7.66%) Hibernate
19 216 (6.98%) Node.js
20 208 (6.72%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 219 (7.07%) Analytical Skills
2 154 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
3 123 (3.97%) User Experience
4 106 (3.42%) Computer Science
5 91 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
6 86 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
7 78 (2.52%) Mobile App
8 64 (2.07%) Derivative
8 64 (2.07%) Fixed Income
9 55 (1.78%) Data Structures
10 47 (1.52%) Management Information System
11 43 (1.39%) Algorithms
12 35 (1.13%) DataPower
12 35 (1.13%) Equity Derivative
13 30 (0.97%) NHS
14 28 (0.90%) CMDB
15 27 (0.87%) Reference Data
15 27 (0.87%) SWIFT
16 26 (0.84%) Linux Command Line
17 25 (0.81%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 452 (14.60%) Linux
2 450 (14.53%) Windows
3 439 (14.18%) Unix
4 100 (3.23%) Windows Server
5 64 (2.07%) Android
6 55 (1.78%) Apple iOS
7 50 (1.61%) Ubuntu
7 50 (1.61%) Windows Server 2012
8 48 (1.55%) Windows Server 2008
9 46 (1.49%) Windows Server 2003
10 29 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 25 (0.81%) OpenVMS
12 20 (0.65%) CentOS
13 19 (0.61%) Mac OS X
14 17 (0.55%) Solaris
15 16 (0.52%) Windows 7
16 12 (0.39%) AIX
17 9 (0.29%) Mac OS
17 9 (0.29%) VME
18 8 (0.26%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,293 (41.76%) Agile Software Development
2 498 (16.09%) TDD
3 477 (15.41%) Scrum
4 442 (14.28%) Test Automation
5 365 (11.79%) SOA
6 342 (11.05%) Continuous Integration
7 322 (10.40%) OO
8 305 (9.85%) MVC
9 297 (9.59%) DevOps
10 293 (9.46%) Problem-Solving
11 292 (9.43%) SDLC
12 276 (8.91%) Microservices
13 258 (8.33%) BDD
14 229 (7.40%) Unit Testing
15 225 (7.27%) Data Modelling
16 219 (7.07%) Software Engineering
17 210 (6.78%) Business Intelligence
18 208 (6.72%) Migration
19 193 (6.23%) Open Source
20 189 (6.10%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 1,374 (44.38%) Java
2 1,317 (42.54%) SQL
3 1,067 (34.46%) JavaScript
4 673 (21.74%) C#
5 323 (10.43%) Python
6 200 (6.46%) PL/SQL
7 180 (5.81%) C++
8 146 (4.72%) Perl
9 136 (4.39%) XPath
10 134 (4.33%) Java 8
11 116 (3.75%) PowerShell
12 112 (3.62%) T-SQL
13 106 (3.42%) Scala
14 101 (3.26%) C
15 92 (2.97%) Ruby
16 83 (2.68%) Bash Shell
17 82 (2.65%) Shell Script
18 74 (2.39%) Groovy
19 68 (2.20%) PHP
20 40 (1.29%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 308 (9.95%) Security Cleared
2 229 (7.40%) SC Cleared
3 182 (5.88%) Degree
4 107 (3.46%) ISTQB
5 106 (3.42%) ISEB
6 87 (2.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 79 (2.55%) Computer Science Degree
8 48 (1.55%) DV Cleared
9 37 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
10 31 (1.00%) MCSE
11 16 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
12 11 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
12 11 (0.36%) Siebel Certification
13 6 (0.19%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.16%) AWS Certification
14 5 (0.16%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.16%) Sun Certification
15 4 (0.13%) ISEB Practitioner
15 4 (0.13%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.13%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 139 (4.49%) QA
2 74 (2.39%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.81%) PMO
4 17 (0.55%) SLA
5 14 (0.45%) ISO 20022
6 12 (0.39%) GDPR
6 12 (0.39%) HL7
7 7 (0.23%) GCP
7 7 (0.23%) MiFID
8 6 (0.19%) PSD2
9 5 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
9 5 (0.16%) EMIR
9 5 (0.16%) IFRS
9 5 (0.16%) IFRS 9
9 5 (0.16%) SEPA
10 3 (0.097%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.097%) DO-178B
10 3 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.097%) MISRA
10 3 (0.097%) MISRA C
System Software
1 191 (6.17%) Docker
2 70 (2.26%) Active Directory
3 39 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (1.00%) HDFS
5 19 (0.61%) vSphere
6 13 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (0.32%) VirtualBox
8 8 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (0.23%) KVM
10 6 (0.19%) VMware Server
11 5 (0.16%) Hyper-V
11 5 (0.16%) Xen
12 4 (0.13%) NFS
12 4 (0.13%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.097%) LXC
13 3 (0.097%) Terminal Services
13 3 (0.097%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 3 (0.097%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 95 (3.07%) Puppet
2 68 (2.20%) Ansible
3 51 (1.65%) Kibana
4 47 (1.52%) Kubernetes
5 40 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (1.16%) Grafana
7 34 (1.10%) HP ALM
8 29 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
9 25 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
10 18 (0.58%) Terraform
11 14 (0.45%) CA Single Sign-On
11 14 (0.45%) logstash
11 14 (0.45%) Oracle Identity Management
11 14 (0.45%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 12 (0.39%) HAProxy
13 11 (0.36%) Cisco Prime
14 10 (0.32%) Control-M
14 10 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 9 (0.29%) Oozie
15 9 (0.29%) Rancher
Vendors
1 838 (27.07%) Oracle
2 399 (12.89%) Microsoft
3 174 (5.62%) IBM
4 164 (5.30%) SAP
5 103 (3.33%) ServiceNow
6 99 (3.20%) webMethods
7 71 (2.29%) Google
8 67 (2.16%) Adobe
8 67 (2.16%) Atlassian
9 66 (2.13%) HP
10 53 (1.71%) MuleSoft
11 52 (1.68%) WSO2
12 51 (1.65%) VMware
13 42 (1.36%) Splunk
14 41 (1.32%) Red Hat
14 41 (1.32%) Talend
15 40 (1.29%) Sybase
16 38 (1.23%) Informatica
17 34 (1.10%) Nintex
17 34 (1.10%) Tableau