Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 134 99 92
Rank change year-on-year -35 -7 -9
Contract jobs citing XML 972 1,402 2,497
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 2.35% 2.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.14% 7.82% 7.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 662 854 1,641
10th Percentile £350 £327 £313
25th Percentile £403 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £487 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.47% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £563 £550 £569
90th Percentile £625 £623 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £439 £425
% change year-on-year -3.13% +3.24% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 33 42
10th Percentile £25.03 £22.46 £22.37
25th Percentile £38.00 £37.16 £36.27
Median hourly rate £55.00 £48.85 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year +12.59% +8.66% +9.65%
75th Percentile £61.00 £53.28 £55.00
90th Percentile £66.80 £68.75 £59.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £50.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +8.91% +12.22% +5.88%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,833 17,937 31,746
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.29% 30.08% 32.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,310 12,628 22,718
10th Percentile £325 £331 £325
25th Percentile £405 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £579 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 168 279
10th Percentile £23.70 £18.79 £17.90
25th Percentile £33.75 £29.74 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +8.07%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.06 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.60 £71.13 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +3.66%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 778 £498 +4.80% 344
London -11 437 £525 +5.00% 117
UK excluding London -33 378 £425 -3.13% 247
Work from Home -39 310 £500 -9.09% 63
South East -8 95 £450 +1.01% 50
Midlands -14 74 £360 -20.00% 33
North of England -21 64 £445 +7.88% 79
West Midlands -9 61 £360 -20.00% 23
Scotland -10 58 £420 -1.18% 11
East of England +24 54 £500 +14.83% 29
North West -11 32 £500 +17.65% 41
Yorkshire -12 21 £433 +8.13% 30
Wales +18 15 £525 +26.51% 4
South West -20 15 £425 -10.53% 36
East Midlands -3 12 £436 +1.16% 10
North East +11 11 £413 - 8
Northern Ireland +13 4 - - 5

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 443 (45.58%) JSON
2 418 (43.00%) SQL
3 379 (38.99%) Java
4 359 (36.93%) Agile Software Development
5 293 (30.14%) JavaScript
6 279 (28.70%) Web Services
7 257 (26.44%) HTML
8 254 (26.13%) Oracle
9 234 (24.07%) SOAP
10 221 (22.74%) REST
11 184 (18.93%) Git (software)
12 176 (18.11%) JIRA
13 174 (17.90%) CSS
14 173 (17.80%) Finance
15 165 (16.98%) SQL Server
16 162 (16.67%) .NET
17 160 (16.46%) Azure
18 152 (15.64%) Test Automation
19 148 (15.23%) Jenkins
20 145 (14.92%) RESTful
21 144 (14.81%) C#
22 139 (14.30%) Python
23 136 (13.99%) XSLT
24 130 (13.37%) Microservices
25 129 (13.27%) Spring
26 126 (12.96%) AWS
27 120 (12.35%) TDD
28 119 (12.24%) Microsoft
29 118 (12.14%) DevOps
30 114 (11.73%) Continuous Integration

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (10.39%) Confluence
2 60 (6.17%) WebLogic
3 56 (5.76%) JBoss
4 43 (4.42%) Red Hat Fuse
5 37 (3.81%) Apache
6 35 (3.60%) WebSphere
7 34 (3.50%) CMS
7 34 (3.50%) Oracle Workflow
8 30 (3.09%) Tomcat
9 28 (2.88%) Apache Spark
9 28 (2.88%) SharePoint
10 27 (2.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 25 (2.57%) Mule
12 21 (2.16%) OpenStack
13 20 (2.06%) MQSeries
14 14 (1.44%) BizTalk Server
15 13 (1.34%) Anypoint
15 13 (1.34%) IIS
16 12 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
17 11 (1.13%) CICS
Applications
1 33 (3.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.34%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.31%) InfoPath
5 2 (0.21%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.21%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.10%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 26 (2.67%) Oracle EBS
2 21 (2.16%) Oracle EBS R12
3 20 (2.06%) Oracle General Ledger
4 19 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
4 19 (1.95%) Oracle Payables
5 17 (1.75%) Oracle Assets
6 15 (1.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 14 (1.44%) SAP FI-CA
7 14 (1.44%) SAP PSCD
8 8 (0.82%) BusinessWorks
9 7 (0.72%) Oracle BPM
9 7 (0.72%) SAP HCM
10 6 (0.62%) Magento
10 6 (0.62%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.62%) SunGard Martini
11 5 (0.51%) Maximo
11 5 (0.51%) Oracle ERP
12 4 (0.41%) Summit
13 3 (0.31%) Cerner Millennium
13 3 (0.31%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 160 (16.46%) Azure
2 126 (12.96%) AWS
3 59 (6.07%) GitHub
4 37 (3.81%) Power Platform
5 34 (3.50%) SaaS
6 32 (3.29%) PaaS
7 26 (2.67%) Serverless
8 23 (2.37%) IaaS
8 23 (2.37%) Logic Apps
8 23 (2.37%) OpenShift
9 22 (2.26%) Boomi
10 20 (2.06%) Apigee
11 17 (1.75%) Azure Active Directory
11 17 (1.75%) PowerApps
12 16 (1.65%) GCP
13 15 (1.54%) Amazon S3
13 15 (1.54%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.44%) Azure Functions
15 13 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
16 10 (1.03%) Mavenlink
Communications & Networking
1 86 (8.85%) HTTP
2 31 (3.19%) TCP/IP
3 28 (2.88%) SSL
4 20 (2.06%) FTP
5 17 (1.75%) 3GPP
5 17 (1.75%) SGSN
5 17 (1.75%) Software-Defined Networking
6 16 (1.65%) DNS
7 14 (1.44%) SSH
8 12 (1.23%) Internet
8 12 (1.23%) VSAN
9 10 (1.03%) Firewall
9 10 (1.03%) HTTPS
9 10 (1.03%) SMTP
10 9 (0.93%) Remote Desktop
11 7 (0.72%) LAN
12 4 (0.41%) DHCP
12 4 (0.41%) Ethernet
12 4 (0.41%) VPN
12 4 (0.41%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 165 (16.98%) SQL Server
2 88 (9.05%) Relational Database
3 82 (8.44%) MySQL
4 61 (6.28%) Data Warehouse
5 55 (5.66%) Oracle Database
6 51 (5.25%) MongoDB
7 47 (4.84%) NoSQL
8 46 (4.73%) Oracle Reports
9 39 (4.01%) PostgreSQL
10 35 (3.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 30 (3.09%) Oracle BI Publisher
12 27 (2.78%) RDBMS
13 25 (2.57%) Data Lake
13 25 (2.57%) Hadoop
14 24 (2.47%) Oracle Discoverer
14 24 (2.47%) Parquet
14 24 (2.47%) SQLPlus
15 23 (2.37%) Big Data
16 21 (2.16%) Power BI
16 21 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 184 (18.93%) Git (software)
2 176 (18.11%) JIRA
3 148 (15.23%) Jenkins
4 88 (9.05%) JUnit
5 85 (8.74%) Maven
6 73 (7.51%) Selenium
7 66 (6.79%) Cucumber
8 55 (5.66%) Subversion
8 55 (5.66%) Visual Studio
9 45 (4.63%) Gradle
10 40 (4.12%) Eclipse
11 39 (4.01%) Postman
12 37 (3.81%) SoapUI
13 35 (3.60%) Oracle Forms
14 30 (3.09%) Ant
15 24 (2.47%) JMeter
16 23 (2.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 23 (2.37%) Mockito
17 21 (2.16%) Artifactory
17 21 (2.16%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 173 (17.80%) Finance
2 109 (11.21%) Public Sector
3 62 (6.38%) Banking
4 48 (4.94%) Telecoms
5 30 (3.09%) Marketing
6 29 (2.98%) Investment Banking
6 29 (2.98%) Manufacturing
7 26 (2.67%) Front Office
8 23 (2.37%) Electronics
9 22 (2.26%) Back Office
10 17 (1.75%) Retail
11 10 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
12 9 (0.93%) Legal
13 8 (0.82%) Advertising
14 5 (0.51%) Law
14 5 (0.51%) Publishing
15 4 (0.41%) Billing
16 3 (0.31%) German Language
17 2 (0.21%) Dutch Language
17 2 (0.21%) French Language
Job Titles
1 453 (46.60%) Developer
2 124 (12.76%) Java Developer
3 98 (10.08%) Architect
4 93 (9.57%) Analyst
5 67 (6.89%) ServiceNow Developer
6 65 (6.69%) Senior Developer
7 53 (5.45%) Consultant
8 43 (4.42%) Integration Developer
9 42 (4.32%) .NET Developer
10 41 (4.22%) Solutions Architect
11 39 (4.01%) Test Analyst
12 33 (3.40%) Senior Java Developer
13 29 (2.98%) Software Engineer
14 28 (2.88%) Data Engineer
15 27 (2.78%) C# Developer
16 26 (2.67%) Tester
17 23 (2.37%) Full Stack Developer
17 23 (2.37%) Oracle Developer
18 22 (2.26%) Cloud Engineer
19 21 (2.16%) Senior Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 443 (45.58%) JSON
2 279 (28.70%) Web Services
3 257 (26.44%) HTML
4 234 (24.07%) SOAP
5 221 (22.74%) REST
6 174 (17.90%) CSS
7 162 (16.67%) .NET
8 145 (14.92%) RESTful
9 136 (13.99%) XSLT
10 129 (13.27%) Spring
11 99 (10.19%) AngularJS
12 63 (6.48%) J2EE
13 62 (6.38%) HTML5
14 61 (6.28%) jQuery
15 58 (5.97%) Node.js
15 58 (5.97%) XSD
16 56 (5.76%) JMS
17 55 (5.66%) ASP.NET
18 53 (5.45%) Middleware
19 52 (5.35%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 71 (7.30%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (4.32%) Enterprise Software
3 41 (4.22%) Derivative
4 36 (3.70%) Data Structures
5 33 (3.40%) Data Centre
6 30 (3.09%) Mobile App
7 27 (2.78%) Self-Motivation
7 27 (2.78%) User Experience
8 26 (2.67%) Equities
8 26 (2.67%) Fixed Income
9 20 (2.06%) Cloud Native
9 20 (2.06%) Greenfield Project
10 19 (1.95%) SWIFT
11 16 (1.65%) Management Information System
12 15 (1.54%) Algorithms
13 13 (1.34%) Animation
13 13 (1.34%) Reference Data
14 12 (1.23%) CMDB
14 12 (1.23%) Mainframe
15 9 (0.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 112 (11.52%) Windows
2 110 (11.32%) Unix
3 105 (10.80%) Linux
4 33 (3.40%) Android
5 26 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 23 (2.37%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.23%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.82%) CentOS
10 6 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
11 5 (0.51%) Mac OS X
12 4 (0.41%) Debian
12 4 (0.41%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
13 3 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.21%) AIX
14 2 (0.21%) Solaris
14 2 (0.21%) SUSE
14 2 (0.21%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 359 (36.93%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (15.64%) Test Automation
3 130 (13.37%) Microservices
4 120 (12.35%) TDD
5 118 (12.14%) DevOps
6 114 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
7 108 (11.11%) SOA
8 95 (9.77%) Scrum
9 86 (8.85%) Business Intelligence
10 82 (8.44%) Workflow
11 81 (8.33%) Data Modelling
12 78 (8.02%) SDLC
13 77 (7.92%) Unit Testing
14 72 (7.41%) Configuration Management
14 72 (7.41%) Migration
15 69 (7.10%) OO
16 68 (7.00%) BDD
17 62 (6.38%) ETL
18 61 (6.28%) MVC
18 61 (6.28%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 418 (43.00%) SQL
2 379 (38.99%) Java
3 293 (30.14%) JavaScript
4 144 (14.81%) C#
5 139 (14.30%) Python
6 98 (10.08%) PL/SQL
7 62 (6.38%) PowerShell
8 49 (5.04%) C++
8 49 (5.04%) T-SQL
9 44 (4.53%) XPath
10 36 (3.70%) Java 8
11 33 (3.40%) Scala
12 31 (3.19%) C
13 26 (2.67%) Bash Shell
13 26 (2.67%) PHP
14 22 (2.26%) Shell Script
15 20 (2.06%) Kotlin
15 20 (2.06%) Ruby
15 20 (2.06%) VB.NET
16 18 (1.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 108 (11.11%) Security Cleared
2 91 (9.36%) SC Cleared
3 57 (5.86%) Degree
4 36 (3.70%) ISEB
4 36 (3.70%) ISTQB
5 34 (3.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 29 (2.98%) Computer Science Degree
7 15 (1.54%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.62%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.51%) AWS Certification
9 5 (0.51%) CCNA
9 5 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.41%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.31%) CCNP
11 3 (0.31%) CISM
11 3 (0.31%) CISSP
11 3 (0.31%) MCSE
12 2 (0.21%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (7.30%) QA
2 17 (1.75%) OASIS TOSCA
3 10 (1.03%) Data Quality
3 10 (1.03%) SLA
4 8 (0.82%) ISO 20022
5 7 (0.72%) HL7
6 6 (0.62%) MiFID
7 5 (0.51%) WCAG
8 4 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.41%) NIST
9 2 (0.21%) CDISC
9 2 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.21%) EMIR
9 2 (0.21%) GDPR
9 2 (0.21%) ISO 15022
9 2 (0.21%) ISO 9000
9 2 (0.21%) NCSC
9 2 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.10%) GxP
System Software
1 100 (10.29%) Docker
2 29 (2.98%) VMware ESXi
3 26 (2.67%) Active Directory
4 18 (1.85%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (1.75%) KVM
5 17 (1.75%) LXC
6 16 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
7 13 (1.34%) vSphere
8 12 (1.23%) VMware NSX
9 11 (1.13%) HDFS
10 10 (1.03%) Time Sharing Option
11 6 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.31%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.21%) Firmware
13 2 (0.21%) NFS
13 2 (0.21%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.21%) OpenDJ
13 2 (0.21%) OpenIDM
13 2 (0.21%) Terminal Services
13 2 (0.21%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 88 (9.05%) Kubernetes
2 32 (3.29%) Grafana
3 31 (3.19%) Ansible
4 24 (2.47%) Prometheus
4 24 (2.47%) Puppet
5 20 (2.06%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (1.95%) Docker Swarm
7 17 (1.75%) Cloudify
7 17 (1.75%) HP Quality Center
7 17 (1.75%) Juju
8 15 (1.54%) Terraform
9 12 (1.23%) PowerCLI
9 12 (1.23%) vRealize
10 10 (1.03%) vCenter Server
11 8 (0.82%) HP ALM
12 7 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
12 7 (0.72%) Kibana
13 5 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
13 5 (0.51%) Red Hat Satellite
13 5 (0.51%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 254 (26.13%) Oracle
2 119 (12.24%) Microsoft
3 79 (8.13%) SAP
3 79 (8.13%) ServiceNow
4 49 (5.04%) Red Hat
5 45 (4.63%) MuleSoft
6 44 (4.53%) Atlassian
7 31 (3.19%) Dell
7 31 (3.19%) Google
7 31 (3.19%) Sybase
8 28 (2.88%) webMethods
9 27 (2.78%) TIBCO
10 23 (2.37%) IBM
10 23 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
10 23 (2.37%) VMware
11 22 (2.26%) Cisco
12 21 (2.16%) Sparx
13 20 (2.06%) HP
14 19 (1.95%) Axway
15 17 (1.75%) Juniper