Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 99 82 65
Rank change year-on-year -17 -17 -8
Contract jobs citing XML 2,197 3,070 3,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.44% 3.00% 3.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.72% 8.69% 10.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,414 1,969 2,115
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £447
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +0.67% +6.43%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
90th Percentile £625 £606 £607
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +6.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 58 89
UK median hourly rate £44.71 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.04% +2.50% +1.59%
10th Percentile £31.75 £17.52 £19.71
90th Percentile £60.00 £56.50 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £41.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.45% +3.13% +3.23%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,474 35,309 31,017
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.63% 34.54% 32.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,830 24,908 21,405
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £335 £320 £306
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 340 382
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.82% +3.75% +9.59%
10th Percentile £18.65 £15.24 £16.00
90th Percentile £60.38 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +11.11%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,927 £475 +5.56% 695
UK excluding London -11 1,297 £425 - 562
London -29 844 £525 +5.00% 180
South East -10 394 £425 -5.56% 156
North of England -7 225 £415 +3.75% 130
South West +5 175 £475 +18.75% 83
Midlands -27 163 £450 +12.50% 74
Scotland +2 145 £425 +2.41% 31
West Midlands -10 123 £463 +19.35% 47
East of England -34 123 £500 -4.76% 72
North West -20 113 £425 +8.97% 74
Yorkshire +3 77 £425 -2.86% 37
Wales +25 56 £400 -15.79% 11
North East -4 35 £400 +2.56% 19
East Midlands -41 32 £395 -3.66% 27
Northern Ireland +9 20 £450 +4.53% 5

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 934 (42.51%) Agile Software Development
2 929 (42.28%) JSON
3 862 (39.24%) SQL
4 738 (33.59%) JavaScript
5 725 (33.00%) Java
6 715 (32.54%) Web Services
7 665 (30.27%) HTML
8 580 (26.40%) SOAP
9 508 (23.12%) Oracle
10 499 (22.71%) REST
11 458 (20.85%) C#
12 456 (20.76%) CSS
13 436 (19.85%) .NET
14 427 (19.44%) Finance
15 373 (16.98%) SQL Server
16 347 (15.79%) Microsoft
17 338 (15.38%) Git (software)
18 305 (13.88%) Scrum
19 284 (12.93%) Spring
20 283 (12.88%) RESTful
21 276 (12.56%) Microsoft Azure
22 275 (12.52%) Linux
23 266 (12.11%) Microservices
24 258 (11.74%) SOA
24 258 (11.74%) Jenkins
25 254 (11.56%) Test Automation
26 246 (11.20%) Windows
27 244 (11.11%) TDD
28 239 (10.88%) Security Cleared
29 236 (10.74%) JIRA

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 130 (5.92%) CMS
2 118 (5.37%) Confluence
3 117 (5.33%) Apache
4 103 (4.69%) Tomcat
5 91 (4.14%) SharePoint
6 88 (4.01%) WebSphere
7 75 (3.41%) JBoss
7 75 (3.41%) WebLogic
8 73 (3.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 69 (3.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 38 (1.73%) IIS
11 37 (1.68%) BizTalk Server
12 32 (1.46%) Oracle Workflow
13 31 (1.41%) Mule
14 29 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
15 27 (1.23%) GeoServer
16 26 (1.18%) Apache Spark
17 22 (1.00%) Anypoint
18 20 (0.91%) Oracle Service Bus
19 17 (0.77%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 66 (3.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.91%) MS Visio
5 14 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.46%) XMetaL
7 8 (0.36%) Camtasia
8 7 (0.32%) SPSS
9 6 (0.27%) Doxygen
10 5 (0.23%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.14%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
13 2 (0.091%) CATIA
14 1 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 1 (0.046%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.046%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 86 (3.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 38 (1.73%) Oracle Receivables
3 34 (1.55%) Oracle EBS
4 27 (1.23%) Oracle Payables
5 26 (1.18%) Adobe Campaign
5 26 (1.18%) BusinessWorks
6 21 (0.96%) Oracle Assets
7 20 (0.91%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 17 (0.77%) Oracle iProcurement
9 16 (0.73%) Oracle Cash Management
9 16 (0.73%) Oracle General Ledger
10 14 (0.64%) Oracle EBS R12
11 13 (0.59%) Oracle Financials
11 13 (0.59%) Oracle Internet Expenses
11 13 (0.59%) Oracle TCA
12 11 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
12 11 (0.50%) Oracle E-Business Tax
12 11 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
13 9 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
13 9 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 276 (12.56%) Microsoft Azure
2 192 (8.74%) Amazon AWS
3 96 (4.37%) SaaS
4 94 (4.28%) Power Platform
5 80 (3.64%) Dynamics 365
6 71 (3.23%) GitHub
7 59 (2.69%) Amazon S3
8 58 (2.64%) Serverless
9 54 (2.46%) Amazon EC2
10 51 (2.32%) Office 365
11 42 (1.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 36 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
13 34 (1.55%) AWS CloudFormation
14 32 (1.46%) PaaS
15 29 (1.32%) Azure Functions
15 29 (1.32%) Google Cloud Platform
16 24 (1.09%) AWS CloudTrail
16 24 (1.09%) Azure Active Directory
16 24 (1.09%) OpenShift
17 23 (1.05%) IBM Blueworks
Communications & Networking
1 109 (4.96%) HTTP
2 49 (2.23%) FTP
3 42 (1.91%) SMTP
4 34 (1.55%) SSL
5 27 (1.23%) Internet
6 24 (1.09%) TCP/IP
7 21 (0.96%) Firewall
7 21 (0.96%) SNMP
8 17 (0.77%) SSH
9 12 (0.55%) Bluetooth
9 12 (0.55%) LAN
9 12 (0.55%) NFC
10 11 (0.50%) BGP
10 11 (0.50%) ICMP
10 11 (0.50%) OSPF
10 11 (0.50%) Telnet
10 11 (0.50%) WAN
11 10 (0.46%) POP3
12 9 (0.41%) 4G
12 9 (0.41%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 373 (16.98%) SQL Server
2 217 (9.88%) Relational Database
3 121 (5.51%) NoSQL
4 110 (5.01%) PostgreSQL
5 109 (4.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 107 (4.87%) Data Warehouse
7 104 (4.73%) MySQL
8 103 (4.69%) Oracle Database
9 89 (4.05%) Power BI
10 80 (3.64%) Big Data
11 78 (3.55%) RDBMS
12 76 (3.46%) MongoDB
13 58 (2.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 57 (2.59%) DB2
15 48 (2.18%) Azure SQL Database
16 41 (1.87%) Oracle Reports
17 38 (1.73%) Oracle BI Publisher
18 35 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
18 35 (1.59%) Hadoop
19 32 (1.46%) GIS
Development Applications
1 338 (15.38%) Git (software)
2 258 (11.74%) Jenkins
3 236 (10.74%) JIRA
4 179 (8.15%) Maven
5 144 (6.55%) JUnit
6 130 (5.92%) Selenium
7 122 (5.55%) Visual Studio
8 113 (5.14%) Eclipse
9 90 (4.10%) Cucumber
10 85 (3.87%) Team Foundation Server
11 80 (3.64%) Subversion
12 79 (3.60%) Ant
13 78 (3.55%) SoapUI
14 66 (3.00%) Visual Studio Team System
15 38 (1.73%) JMeter
16 37 (1.68%) Mockito
17 34 (1.55%) Bitbucket
18 33 (1.50%) IntelliJ
19 29 (1.32%) TeamCity
20 28 (1.27%) Gradle
General
1 427 (19.44%) Finance
2 212 (9.65%) Banking
3 180 (8.19%) Public Sector
4 138 (6.28%) Marketing
5 72 (3.28%) Retail
6 64 (2.91%) Telecoms
7 62 (2.82%) Manufacturing
8 47 (2.14%) Investment Banking
9 44 (2.00%) Electronics
10 39 (1.78%) Back Office
11 36 (1.64%) Legal
12 26 (1.18%) Financial Institution
12 26 (1.18%) Games
13 25 (1.14%) Front Office
14 17 (0.77%) Pharmaceutical
15 14 (0.64%) Billing
16 12 (0.55%) Law
16 12 (0.55%) Publishing
17 10 (0.46%) Advertising
18 9 (0.41%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,166 (53.07%) Developer
2 265 (12.06%) Java Developer
3 260 (11.83%) Architect
4 259 (11.79%) Analyst
5 125 (5.69%) Consultant
6 105 (4.78%) ServiceNow Developer
7 97 (4.42%) .NET Developer
8 89 (4.05%) Senior Developer
9 79 (3.60%) C# Developer
10 74 (3.37%) Solutions Architect
11 64 (2.91%) SQL Developer
11 64 (2.91%) Test Analyst
12 62 (2.82%) Business Analyst
12 62 (2.82%) Software Developer
13 60 (2.73%) Technical Architect
14 54 (2.46%) Tester
15 53 (2.41%) Data Analyst
16 49 (2.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 49 (2.23%) Integration Developer
17 43 (1.96%) CRM Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 929 (42.28%) JSON
2 715 (32.54%) Web Services
3 665 (30.27%) HTML
4 580 (26.40%) SOAP
5 499 (22.71%) REST
6 456 (20.76%) CSS
7 436 (19.85%) .NET
8 284 (12.93%) Spring
9 283 (12.88%) RESTful
10 231 (10.51%) AngularJS
11 174 (7.92%) HTML5
12 170 (7.74%) jQuery
13 166 (7.56%) XSLT
14 157 (7.15%) ASP.NET
15 149 (6.78%) Ajax
16 147 (6.69%) XSD
17 141 (6.42%) J2EE
18 122 (5.55%) Middleware
19 115 (5.23%) .NET Framework
20 111 (5.05%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 205 (9.33%) Analytical Skills
2 88 (4.01%) Enterprise Software
3 76 (3.46%) Mobile App
4 65 (2.96%) Management Information System
5 57 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
6 51 (2.32%) User Experience
7 41 (1.87%) Data Structures
8 37 (1.68%) Virtual Team
9 36 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (1.18%) PKI
11 23 (1.05%) Robotics
12 22 (1.00%) Replication
13 20 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
14 18 (0.82%) Derivative
15 16 (0.73%) Social Media
16 15 (0.68%) Client/Server
16 15 (0.68%) Marketing Technology
17 14 (0.64%) NHS
17 14 (0.64%) N-Tier
17 14 (0.64%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 275 (12.52%) Linux
2 246 (11.20%) Windows
3 183 (8.33%) Unix
4 59 (2.69%) Android
5 37 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 33 (1.50%) Windows Server
7 26 (1.18%) OpenVMS
8 25 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 19 (0.86%) Windows 10
10 15 (0.68%) Ubuntu
11 14 (0.64%) Windows 7
12 12 (0.55%) CentOS
13 9 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.32%) VMS
14 7 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.27%) Debian
16 5 (0.23%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.23%) Windows XP
17 3 (0.14%) AIX
17 3 (0.14%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 934 (42.51%) Agile Software Development
2 305 (13.88%) Scrum
3 266 (12.11%) Microservices
4 258 (11.74%) SOA
5 254 (11.56%) Test Automation
6 244 (11.11%) TDD
7 235 (10.70%) DevOps
8 211 (9.60%) Migration
9 196 (8.92%) Problem-Solving
10 187 (8.51%) Continuous Integration
11 184 (8.38%) ETL
12 166 (7.56%) SDLC
13 162 (7.37%) MVC
14 161 (7.33%) OO
15 159 (7.24%) Unit Testing
16 155 (7.06%) Data Modelling
17 149 (6.78%) BDD
17 149 (6.78%) Business Intelligence
18 144 (6.55%) CRM
19 129 (5.87%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 862 (39.24%) SQL
2 738 (33.59%) JavaScript
3 725 (33.00%) Java
4 458 (20.85%) C#
5 201 (9.15%) Python
6 135 (6.14%) PL/SQL
7 124 (5.64%) PowerShell
8 85 (3.87%) C++
9 81 (3.69%) T-SQL
10 77 (3.50%) C
11 71 (3.23%) Java 8
12 67 (3.05%) Shell Script
13 63 (2.87%) Bash Shell
13 63 (2.87%) PHP
14 60 (2.73%) Perl
15 58 (2.64%) XPath
16 45 (2.05%) Scala
17 44 (2.00%) VB.NET
18 39 (1.78%) TypeScript
19 38 (1.73%) VB
Qualifications
1 239 (10.88%) Security Cleared
2 177 (8.06%) Degree
3 170 (7.74%) SC Cleared
4 63 (2.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (2.64%) ISTQB
6 52 (2.37%) ISEB
7 49 (2.23%) DV Cleared
8 35 (1.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 21 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
11 13 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (0.55%) CTC Cleared
13 10 (0.46%) ISEB Practitioner
13 10 (0.46%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.41%) CCNP
14 9 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
15 8 (0.36%) CCIE
15 8 (0.36%) MCSA
16 7 (0.32%) HND
17 6 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (6.65%) QA
2 61 (2.78%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.96%) SLA
4 15 (0.68%) GDPR
5 12 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.41%) HL7
7 8 (0.36%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.32%) MiFID
9 5 (0.23%) EMIR
9 5 (0.23%) HMG Infosec
9 5 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 5 (0.23%) JSP 440
9 5 (0.23%) PMO
9 5 (0.23%) PSD2
9 5 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.23%) SEPA
10 3 (0.14%) Dublin Core
10 3 (0.14%) GxP
10 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
10 3 (0.14%) WCAG
System Software
1 138 (6.28%) Docker
2 69 (3.14%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.96%) Hyper-V
4 20 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.59%) vSphere
6 10 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
8 8 (0.36%) BitLocker
9 7 (0.32%) NDS
9 7 (0.32%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 6 (0.27%) Apache Flume
10 6 (0.27%) RACF
10 6 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
11 5 (0.23%) ISA Server
11 5 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.14%) Firmware
12 3 (0.14%) HDFS
12 3 (0.14%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.14%) XenApp
13 2 (0.091%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 59 (2.69%) Ansible
2 58 (2.64%) Kubernetes
3 42 (1.91%) Puppet
4 28 (1.27%) Control-M
5 23 (1.05%) SCCM
6 19 (0.86%) Kibana
7 18 (0.82%) HP Quality Center
7 18 (0.82%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.59%) Grafana
8 13 (0.59%) Terraform
9 11 (0.50%) WMI
10 10 (0.46%) HP ALM
10 10 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
11 9 (0.41%) Tivoli
12 8 (0.36%) Data Guard
13 7 (0.32%) Cisco Prime
13 7 (0.32%) logstash
14 6 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
14 6 (0.27%) Perfmon
15 5 (0.23%) Rancher
Vendors
1 508 (23.12%) Oracle
2 347 (15.79%) Microsoft
3 130 (5.92%) IBM
4 121 (5.51%) SAP
4 121 (5.51%) ServiceNow
5 88 (4.01%) Adobe
6 75 (3.41%) Google
7 50 (2.28%) webMethods
8 49 (2.23%) MuleSoft
9 43 (1.96%) Red Hat
10 39 (1.78%) Atlassian
10 39 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
11 38 (1.73%) HP
12 35 (1.59%) TIBCO
13 30 (1.37%) Pega
14 29 (1.32%) BMC
14 29 (1.32%) Xamarin
15 28 (1.27%) Tableau
16 27 (1.23%) WSO2
17 24 (1.09%) VMware