Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 96 88 82
Rank change year-on-year -8 -6 -26
Contract jobs citing XML 1,493 2,579 3,012
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.37% 2.65% 2.97%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.89% 8.04% 9.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 903 1,742 2,004
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £330 £313 £300
90th Percentile £606 £606 £602
UK excluding London median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.59% - +9.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 45 54
Median hourly rate £39.77 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.42% +3.66% +7.89%
10th Percentile £25.68 £21.75 £17.82
90th Percentile £68.75 £56.50 £77.74
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £41.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +10.78% -1.76% +6.25%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,920 32,059 32,715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.00% 32.94% 32.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,845 22,622 23,117
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +9.83%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 301 333
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £41.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.66% +0.21% +3.54%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.60
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1,338 £475 - 424
UK excluding London -14 847 £432 +1.59% 356
London +6 590 £500 -3.10% 101
South East -9 226 £440 -2.22% 99
North of England +3 200 £413 -2.94% 84
Midlands +5 135 £450 +7.14% 51
South West -11 107 £475 - 45
Scotland -7 101 £425 -5.56% 20
West Midlands 0 93 £450 +12.50% 24
North West -6 86 £425 - 52
Yorkshire +34 85 £400 -11.11% 30
East of England -26 66 £403 -17.65% 44
East Midlands +28 42 £406 -9.72% 27
Work from Home -15 39 £550 +5.77% 32
North East +4 34 £405 +1.25% 2
Wales -27 11 £550 +39.68% 12
Northern Ireland -15 4 £431 +4.61%

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 668 (44.74%) SQL
2 628 (42.06%) JSON
3 607 (40.66%) Java
4 600 (40.19%) Agile Software Development
5 476 (31.88%) JavaScript
6 450 (30.14%) Web Services
7 439 (29.40%) HTML
8 420 (28.13%) Oracle
9 404 (27.06%) SOAP
10 378 (25.32%) SQL Server
11 361 (24.18%) REST
12 322 (21.57%) CSS
13 276 (18.49%) C#
14 266 (17.82%) .NET
15 236 (15.81%) Finance
16 233 (15.61%) Microsoft
17 230 (15.41%) Git (software)
18 224 (15.00%) JIRA
19 214 (14.33%) Security Cleared
20 213 (14.27%) Test Automation
21 210 (14.07%) Windows
22 208 (13.93%) Unix
23 207 (13.86%) Azure
24 196 (13.13%) DevOps
25 180 (12.06%) Linux
26 176 (11.79%) SC Cleared
27 174 (11.65%) Jenkins
28 167 (11.19%) SOA
29 162 (10.85%) Relational Database
30 161 (10.78%) XSLT

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 143 (9.58%) WebLogic
2 140 (9.38%) Confluence
3 83 (5.56%) JBoss
4 79 (5.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 73 (4.89%) SharePoint
6 69 (4.62%) Red Hat Fuse
7 65 (4.35%) WebSphere
8 59 (3.95%) Tomcat
9 50 (3.35%) MQSeries
10 49 (3.28%) Apache
11 43 (2.88%) IIS
12 38 (2.55%) CMS
13 34 (2.28%) BizTalk Server
14 22 (1.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 20 (1.34%) Jupyter
15 20 (1.34%) Oracle Service Bus
16 19 (1.27%) Mule
17 18 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
18 17 (1.14%) Oracle Workflow
19 11 (0.74%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 58 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (1.27%) Microsoft Project
4 12 (0.80%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.67%) XMetaL
6 4 (0.27%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.20%) Adobe Premiere
7 3 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.20%) Sketch
8 2 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
8 2 (0.13%) Camtasia
8 2 (0.13%) InDesign
8 2 (0.13%) InVision
8 2 (0.13%) SPSS
8 2 (0.13%) Windchill
9 1 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.067%) FrameMaker
9 1 (0.067%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 33 (2.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (1.54%) BusinessWorks
3 12 (0.80%) Oracle EBS
4 10 (0.67%) Oracle Receivables
5 8 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
6 7 (0.47%) Adobe Campaign
6 7 (0.47%) Magento
6 7 (0.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.33%) Elite 3E
7 5 (0.33%) Maximo
7 5 (0.33%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.33%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.27%) Oracle Financials
8 4 (0.27%) SAP FI-CA
8 4 (0.27%) SAP PSCD
8 4 (0.27%) Shopify
8 4 (0.27%) Visualfiles
9 3 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 207 (13.86%) Azure
2 137 (9.18%) AWS
3 71 (4.76%) GitHub
4 69 (4.62%) SaaS
5 59 (3.95%) Power Platform
6 44 (2.95%) Boomi
7 39 (2.61%) PaaS
8 32 (2.14%) Azure Active Directory
9 30 (2.01%) Office 365
10 28 (1.88%) GCP
11 26 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
12 25 (1.67%) IaaS
13 21 (1.41%) Google Analytics
13 21 (1.41%) Serverless
14 18 (1.21%) PowerApps
15 17 (1.14%) Dynamics 365
16 15 (1.00%) Adobe Analytics
17 14 (0.94%) Azure Data Factory
18 10 (0.67%) Apigee
18 10 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 131 (8.77%) HTTP
2 56 (3.75%) SSL
3 29 (1.94%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.88%) FTP
5 22 (1.47%) Firewall
6 20 (1.34%) Internet
7 16 (1.07%) Intranet
7 16 (1.07%) VSAN
8 12 (0.80%) Extranet
8 12 (0.80%) SSH
9 11 (0.74%) LAN
10 10 (0.67%) DMZ
11 9 (0.60%) Network Security
12 8 (0.54%) Broadband
12 8 (0.54%) VPN
13 7 (0.47%) DNS
13 7 (0.47%) WAN
13 7 (0.47%) Wireshark
14 6 (0.40%) SMS
14 6 (0.40%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 378 (25.32%) SQL Server
2 162 (10.85%) Relational Database
3 107 (7.17%) MySQL
4 87 (5.83%) Data Warehouse
5 82 (5.49%) RDBMS
6 75 (5.02%) NoSQL
7 74 (4.96%) Oracle Database
8 73 (4.89%) PostgreSQL
9 62 (4.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 53 (3.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 44 (2.95%) Power BI
12 42 (2.81%) MongoDB
13 41 (2.75%) DB2
14 40 (2.68%) Big Data
14 40 (2.68%) Hadoop
15 37 (2.48%) SQL Server 2008
16 35 (2.34%) Pentaho
17 33 (2.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 28 (1.88%) Oracle Database 11g
19 23 (1.54%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 230 (15.41%) Git (software)
2 224 (15.00%) JIRA
3 174 (11.65%) Jenkins
4 134 (8.98%) Selenium
5 114 (7.64%) JUnit
6 98 (6.56%) Cucumber
7 94 (6.30%) Maven
8 69 (4.62%) Team Foundation Server
9 62 (4.15%) Visual Studio
10 51 (3.42%) Eclipse
11 49 (3.28%) Postman
11 49 (3.28%) SoapUI
12 48 (3.22%) Gradle
13 44 (2.95%) Mockito
14 42 (2.81%) Ant
15 39 (2.61%) Subversion
16 34 (2.28%) Gatling
17 25 (1.67%) Bitbucket
18 23 (1.54%) JMeter
19 19 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 236 (15.81%) Finance
2 156 (10.45%) Public Sector
3 63 (4.22%) Banking
4 54 (3.62%) Marketing
5 51 (3.42%) Telecoms
6 37 (2.48%) Manufacturing
7 34 (2.28%) Publishing
8 26 (1.74%) Electronics
8 26 (1.74%) Retail
9 21 (1.41%) Investment Banking
10 19 (1.27%) Legal
11 12 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
12 11 (0.74%) Law
13 10 (0.67%) Automotive
13 10 (0.67%) Back Office
13 10 (0.67%) Front Office
13 10 (0.67%) Games
13 10 (0.67%) Local Government
14 8 (0.54%) Financial Institution
15 6 (0.40%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 692 (46.35%) Developer
2 181 (12.12%) Architect
3 173 (11.59%) Analyst
4 125 (8.37%) Java Developer
5 70 (4.69%) Consultant
6 64 (4.29%) .NET Developer
7 63 (4.22%) Data Analyst
8 57 (3.82%) Senior Developer
9 47 (3.15%) ServiceNow Developer
10 43 (2.88%) Test Analyst
11 38 (2.55%) Software Developer
12 37 (2.48%) C# Developer
13 36 (2.41%) Applications Architect
14 35 (2.34%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 34 (2.28%) Business Analyst
16 33 (2.21%) Designer
16 33 (2.21%) Technical Architect
16 33 (2.21%) Tester
17 29 (1.94%) Software Engineer
18 28 (1.88%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 628 (42.06%) JSON
2 450 (30.14%) Web Services
3 439 (29.40%) HTML
4 404 (27.06%) SOAP
5 361 (24.18%) REST
6 322 (21.57%) CSS
7 266 (17.82%) .NET
8 161 (10.78%) XSLT
9 153 (10.25%) RESTful
10 142 (9.51%) Spring
11 133 (8.91%) AngularJS
12 116 (7.77%) Node.js
13 114 (7.64%) HTML5
14 110 (7.37%) Hibernate
15 107 (7.17%) jQuery
16 96 (6.43%) ASP.NET
17 85 (5.69%) J2EE
18 83 (5.56%) XSD
19 78 (5.22%) .NET Framework
20 73 (4.89%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 139 (9.31%) Analytical Skills
2 67 (4.49%) Enterprise Software
3 54 (3.62%) User Experience
4 41 (2.75%) PKI
5 30 (2.01%) Mobile App
6 28 (1.88%) Management Information System
7 23 (1.54%) Greenfield Project
8 22 (1.47%) Reference Data
9 21 (1.41%) Algorithms
10 19 (1.27%) Data Structures
11 17 (1.14%) Virtual Team
12 16 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
13 15 (1.00%) Client/Server
14 13 (0.87%) CMDB
14 13 (0.87%) Mobile Payment
14 13 (0.87%) NHS
15 12 (0.80%) Taxonomies
16 11 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
16 11 (0.74%) N-Tier
16 11 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 210 (14.07%) Windows
2 208 (13.93%) Unix
3 180 (12.06%) Linux
4 49 (3.28%) Windows Server
5 34 (2.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 27 (1.81%) Windows Server 2012
7 26 (1.74%) Android
8 25 (1.67%) Windows 10
9 20 (1.34%) Apple iOS
10 12 (0.80%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.74%) CentOS
12 8 (0.54%) AIX
12 8 (0.54%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.27%) Debian
14 4 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
14 4 (0.27%) Solaris
15 3 (0.20%) Windows XP
16 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.13%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (40.19%) Agile Software Development
2 213 (14.27%) Test Automation
3 196 (13.13%) DevOps
4 167 (11.19%) SOA
5 161 (10.78%) Continuous Integration
6 154 (10.31%) Scrum
7 152 (10.18%) Problem-Solving
8 146 (9.78%) Data Modelling
9 136 (9.11%) SDLC
10 130 (8.71%) Microservices
10 130 (8.71%) TDD
11 127 (8.51%) ETL
12 126 (8.44%) Waterfall
13 115 (7.70%) Migration
14 113 (7.57%) MVC
15 112 (7.50%) Analytics
16 106 (7.10%) Business Intelligence
17 94 (6.30%) BDD
18 88 (5.89%) Open Source
18 88 (5.89%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 668 (44.74%) SQL
2 607 (40.66%) Java
3 476 (31.88%) JavaScript
4 276 (18.49%) C#
5 153 (10.25%) T-SQL
6 142 (9.51%) PL/SQL
7 106 (7.10%) PowerShell
7 106 (7.10%) Python
8 60 (4.02%) XPath
9 59 (3.95%) Shell Script
10 49 (3.28%) Bash Shell
11 48 (3.22%) PHP
11 48 (3.22%) Ruby
12 45 (3.01%) Scala
12 45 (3.01%) VB.NET
13 37 (2.48%) Perl
14 32 (2.14%) XQuery
15 31 (2.08%) C
16 29 (1.94%) C++
17 26 (1.74%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 214 (14.33%) Security Cleared
2 176 (11.79%) SC Cleared
3 132 (8.84%) Degree
4 49 (3.28%) ISEB
5 44 (2.95%) DV Cleared
6 41 (2.75%) Computer Science Degree
6 41 (2.75%) ISTQB
7 26 (1.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 22 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (1.00%) ISEB Practitioner
10 11 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
11 10 (0.67%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.60%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.33%) MCITP
15 4 (0.27%) HND
15 4 (0.27%) MCAD
15 4 (0.27%) MCPD
16 3 (0.20%) CCIE
17 2 (0.13%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (7.10%) QA
2 39 (2.61%) Data Quality
3 25 (1.67%) GDPR
4 19 (1.27%) WCAG
5 17 (1.14%) IFRS
6 15 (1.00%) Solvency II
7 12 (0.80%) SLA
8 7 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.47%) GxP
9 4 (0.27%) ISO 20022
9 4 (0.27%) MiFID
9 4 (0.27%) RMADS
10 3 (0.20%) EMIR
10 3 (0.20%) Government Security Classifications
10 3 (0.20%) HL7
10 3 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.20%) JSP 440
10 3 (0.20%) NCSC
11 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 100 (6.70%) Docker
2 81 (5.43%) Active Directory
3 41 (2.75%) vSphere
4 24 (1.61%) VMware Infrastructure
5 20 (1.34%) Apache Flume
6 18 (1.21%) VMware NSX
7 16 (1.07%) Terminal Services
7 16 (1.07%) XenApp
8 6 (0.40%) HDFS
8 6 (0.40%) NDS
8 6 (0.40%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 6 (0.40%) RACF
9 5 (0.33%) NFS
10 3 (0.20%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.067%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.067%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.067%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.067%) Oracle Clusterware
12 1 (0.067%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 40 (2.68%) PowerCLI
2 31 (2.08%) Kubernetes
3 24 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
4 23 (1.54%) Puppet
4 23 (1.54%) Terraform
5 21 (1.41%) Grafana
6 20 (1.34%) Kibana
7 17 (1.14%) vRealize
8 14 (0.94%) SCCM
9 12 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
10 11 (0.74%) Nagios
11 9 (0.60%) HP SiteScope
11 9 (0.60%) Jamf Pro
12 8 (0.54%) logstash
13 7 (0.47%) CFEngine
13 7 (0.47%) Control-M
13 7 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
13 7 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 7 (0.47%) Norton AntiVirus
13 7 (0.47%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 420 (28.13%) Oracle
2 233 (15.61%) Microsoft
3 90 (6.03%) Red Hat
4 80 (5.36%) MuleSoft
5 77 (5.16%) SAP
6 68 (4.55%) IBM
7 60 (4.02%) Google
8 57 (3.82%) Axway
8 57 (3.82%) webMethods
9 55 (3.68%) ServiceNow
9 55 (3.68%) Sybase
10 53 (3.55%) VMware
11 43 (2.88%) Dell
12 40 (2.68%) Adobe
13 37 (2.48%) Salesforce.com
14 28 (1.88%) TIBCO
15 27 (1.81%) Informatica
16 21 (1.41%) Tableau
16 21 (1.41%) Talend
17 20 (1.34%) Citrix