Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 121 101 91
Rank change year-on-year -20 -10 -16
Contract jobs citing XML 870 1,643 2,643
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.10% 2.29% 2.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.89% 7.63% 7.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 763 1,068 1,747
Median daily rate £488 £471 £458
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +3.01% +1.67%
10th Percentile £350 £327 £313
90th Percentile £613 £604 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £426 £430
% change year-on-year -0.23% -0.93% +4.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 27 39
Median hourly rate £58.00 £48.85 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.73% +19.15% -0.30%
10th Percentile £38.00 £23.91 £23.06
90th Percentile £68.00 £68.50 £47.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £50.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +14.85% +23.17% -2.09%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,628 21,529 33,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.45% 30.02% 34.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,874 15,111 24,068
Median daily rate £482 £495 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.58% +3.13% +3.84%
10th Percentile £313 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 200 267
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.54% +4.61%
10th Percentile £25.00 £17.11 £17.50
90th Percentile £63.35 £78.75 £60.00
Median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £41.92
% change year-on-year +2.22% +7.34% +4.81%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 736 £488 +2.63% 289
London +20 401 £525 +2.29% 99
UK excluding London -16 375 £425 -0.23% 213
Work from Home -60 235 £500 -9.09% 65
Midlands +20 107 £400 -6.43% 36
South East +5 89 £449 +1.99% 54
West Midlands +24 87 £400 -11.11% 19
North of England -28 70 £419 +1.52% 51
Scotland -5 49 £425 -5.56% 13
North West +15 31 £525 +23.53% 30
East of England +34 30 £500 +17.65% 26
Yorkshire -4 29 £375 -7.41% 17
East Midlands +15 17 £520 +42.08% 17
South West -28 14 £500 +5.26% 18
Wales +21 12 £525 +27.27% 14
North East -6 10 £406 +0.93% 4
Northern Ireland +7 4 £430 +72.86% 1

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 390 (44.83%) SQL
2 385 (44.25%) JSON
3 383 (44.02%) Java
4 368 (42.30%) Agile Software Development
5 274 (31.49%) Oracle
6 251 (28.85%) Web Services
7 235 (27.01%) JavaScript
8 208 (23.91%) HTML
9 190 (21.84%) SOAP
10 181 (20.80%) JIRA
11 171 (19.66%) Test Automation
12 170 (19.54%) REST
13 157 (18.05%) SQL Server
14 155 (17.82%) Git (software)
15 152 (17.47%) .NET
16 148 (17.01%) Microservices
17 144 (16.55%) CSS
18 142 (16.32%) Jenkins
19 141 (16.21%) Finance
20 140 (16.09%) TDD
21 138 (15.86%) Azure
22 137 (15.75%) Public Sector
23 134 (15.40%) Unix
24 128 (14.71%) Spring
25 126 (14.48%) RESTful
26 125 (14.37%) XSLT
27 124 (14.25%) Confluence
28 120 (13.79%) Continuous Integration
28 120 (13.79%) Windows
29 118 (13.56%) Linux

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (14.25%) Confluence
2 80 (9.20%) JBoss
2 80 (9.20%) WebLogic
3 71 (8.16%) Red Hat Fuse
4 51 (5.86%) WebSphere
5 43 (4.94%) Mule
6 38 (4.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 38 (4.37%) Oracle Workflow
7 34 (3.91%) Tomcat
8 31 (3.56%) Apache
9 29 (3.33%) CMS
9 29 (3.33%) MQSeries
10 24 (2.76%) SharePoint
11 21 (2.41%) IIS
12 20 (2.30%) Apache Spark
13 16 (1.84%) Appian
13 16 (1.84%) BizTalk Server
14 14 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
14 14 (1.61%) Oracle Service Bus
15 13 (1.49%) OpenStack
Applications
1 36 (4.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.61%) MS Visio
3 9 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.57%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.46%) Adobe XD
7 4 (0.46%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.46%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.23%) SPSS
9 1 (0.11%) Figma
Business Applications
1 30 (3.45%) Oracle EBS
2 24 (2.76%) Oracle EBS R12
3 22 (2.53%) Oracle Payables
4 20 (2.30%) Oracle Assets
4 20 (2.30%) Oracle General Ledger
5 17 (1.95%) SAP FI-CA
6 16 (1.84%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 14 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
8 10 (1.15%) SAP PSCD
8 10 (1.15%) SunGard Martini
9 8 (0.92%) BusinessWorks
9 8 (0.92%) Oracle BPM
10 6 (0.69%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.57%) Summit
12 4 (0.46%) Dynamics NAV
12 4 (0.46%) Magento
12 4 (0.46%) Maximo
12 4 (0.46%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 138 (15.86%) Azure
2 108 (12.41%) AWS
3 52 (5.98%) GitHub
4 50 (5.75%) Power Platform
5 24 (2.76%) PowerApps
6 22 (2.53%) Logic Apps
7 20 (2.30%) OpenShift
8 19 (2.18%) Boomi
9 18 (2.07%) Dynamics 365
10 16 (1.84%) Apigee
11 15 (1.72%) Serverless
12 14 (1.61%) PaaS
13 13 (1.49%) Google Analytics
13 13 (1.49%) Office 365
13 13 (1.49%) SaaS
14 12 (1.38%) Amazon S3
14 12 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
15 11 (1.26%) Mavenlink
16 9 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
16 9 (1.03%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 81 (9.31%) HTTP
2 32 (3.68%) TCP/IP
3 20 (2.30%) SSL
4 15 (1.72%) FTP
4 15 (1.72%) SSH
5 9 (1.03%) DNS
5 9 (1.03%) Internet
5 9 (1.03%) Remote Desktop
5 9 (1.03%) VSAN
6 8 (0.92%) 3GPP
6 8 (0.92%) SGSN
6 8 (0.92%) Software-Defined Networking
7 7 (0.80%) HTTPS
8 6 (0.69%) Firewall
8 6 (0.69%) SMTP
9 5 (0.57%) Intranet
9 5 (0.57%) PuTTY
9 5 (0.57%) WinSCP
10 4 (0.46%) LAN
10 4 (0.46%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (18.05%) SQL Server
2 98 (11.26%) MySQL
3 70 (8.05%) Relational Database
4 67 (7.70%) MongoDB
5 51 (5.86%) Oracle Database
6 48 (5.52%) Oracle Reports
7 45 (5.17%) NoSQL
8 40 (4.60%) Data Warehouse
9 39 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
10 35 (4.02%) Hadoop
11 34 (3.91%) Power BI
12 33 (3.79%) Oracle BI Publisher
13 28 (3.22%) Oracle Discoverer
13 28 (3.22%) SQLPlus
14 26 (2.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 22 (2.53%) Apache Hive
16 20 (2.30%) Azure SQL Database
16 20 (2.30%) DB2
16 20 (2.30%) RDBMS
17 17 (1.95%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 181 (20.80%) JIRA
2 155 (17.82%) Git (software)
3 142 (16.32%) Jenkins
4 92 (10.57%) JUnit
5 91 (10.46%) Cucumber
6 84 (9.66%) Selenium
7 74 (8.51%) Maven
8 66 (7.59%) Subversion
9 49 (5.63%) Gradle
10 48 (5.52%) Visual Studio
11 44 (5.06%) Postman
12 43 (4.94%) SoapUI
13 42 (4.83%) JMeter
14 37 (4.25%) Ant
15 36 (4.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 35 (4.02%) Toad
17 34 (3.91%) Oracle Forms
18 30 (3.45%) Eclipse
19 27 (3.10%) FishEye
20 26 (2.99%) Hudson
General
1 141 (16.21%) Finance
2 137 (15.75%) Public Sector
3 73 (8.39%) Banking
4 44 (5.06%) Telecoms
5 41 (4.71%) Investment Banking
6 34 (3.91%) Manufacturing
7 32 (3.68%) Marketing
8 28 (3.22%) Electronics
9 17 (1.95%) Front Office
9 17 (1.95%) Retail
10 12 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
11 10 (1.15%) Advertising
11 10 (1.15%) Back Office
12 7 (0.80%) Law
13 5 (0.57%) Local Government
14 4 (0.46%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.46%) French Language
14 4 (0.46%) German Language
15 3 (0.34%) Automotive
15 3 (0.34%) Games
Job Titles
1 364 (41.84%) Developer
2 118 (13.56%) Java Developer
3 102 (11.72%) Architect
4 95 (10.92%) Analyst
5 58 (6.67%) Senior Developer
6 51 (5.86%) Integration Developer
7 50 (5.75%) Consultant
8 44 (5.06%) Test Analyst
9 41 (4.71%) Senior Java Developer
10 34 (3.91%) Solutions Architect
11 33 (3.79%) ServiceNow Developer
12 30 (3.45%) Software Engineer
13 29 (3.33%) .NET Developer
13 29 (3.33%) Senior Integration Developer
13 29 (3.33%) Tester
14 28 (3.22%) Business Analyst
15 27 (3.10%) Data Engineer
16 22 (2.53%) Automation Tester
17 20 (2.30%) Test Engineer
18 19 (2.18%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 385 (44.25%) JSON
2 251 (28.85%) Web Services
3 208 (23.91%) HTML
4 190 (21.84%) SOAP
5 170 (19.54%) REST
6 152 (17.47%) .NET
7 144 (16.55%) CSS
8 128 (14.71%) Spring
9 126 (14.48%) RESTful
10 125 (14.37%) XSLT
11 80 (9.20%) Middleware
12 73 (8.39%) Apache Camel
13 68 (7.82%) J2EE
14 67 (7.70%) HTML5
15 56 (6.44%) Spring Boot
16 55 (6.32%) Hibernate
17 54 (6.21%) jQuery
17 54 (6.21%) RabbitMQ
18 52 (5.98%) ASP.NET
19 50 (5.75%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 61 (7.01%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (5.40%) Enterprise Software
3 36 (4.14%) User Experience
4 30 (3.45%) Fixed Income
5 29 (3.33%) Derivative
6 28 (3.22%) Mobile App
7 25 (2.87%) Greenfield Project
8 21 (2.41%) Data Structures
9 20 (2.30%) Equities
10 17 (1.95%) Data Centre
11 15 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (1.61%) Management Information System
13 12 (1.38%) Cloud Native
13 12 (1.38%) Mobile Payment
14 10 (1.15%) Mainframe
15 9 (1.03%) Algorithms
16 8 (0.92%) Animation
17 7 (0.80%) CMDB
17 7 (0.80%) Credit Risk
17 7 (0.80%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 134 (15.40%) Unix
2 120 (13.79%) Windows
3 118 (13.56%) Linux
4 30 (3.45%) Android
5 27 (3.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (2.07%) Windows Server
7 14 (1.61%) Apple iOS
8 12 (1.38%) Mac OS X
8 12 (1.38%) Ubuntu
9 9 (1.03%) CentOS
10 8 (0.92%) Debian
10 8 (0.92%) OpenVMS
11 3 (0.34%) AIX
12 2 (0.23%) VME
13 1 (0.11%) Solaris
13 1 (0.11%) SUSE
13 1 (0.11%) Tizen
13 1 (0.11%) webOS
13 1 (0.11%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 368 (42.30%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (19.66%) Test Automation
3 148 (17.01%) Microservices
4 140 (16.09%) TDD
5 120 (13.79%) Continuous Integration
6 109 (12.53%) DevOps
7 108 (12.41%) Business Intelligence
8 100 (11.49%) SOA
9 97 (11.15%) Scrum
10 91 (10.46%) Data Modelling
11 86 (9.89%) Unit Testing
12 85 (9.77%) BDD
13 81 (9.31%) Continuous Delivery
14 80 (9.20%) SDLC
15 73 (8.39%) Test Scripting
16 69 (7.93%) Migration
17 67 (7.70%) OO
18 66 (7.59%) Waterfall
19 62 (7.13%) Problem-Solving
20 60 (6.90%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 390 (44.83%) SQL
2 383 (44.02%) Java
3 235 (27.01%) JavaScript
4 109 (12.53%) C#
5 107 (12.30%) PL/SQL
6 100 (11.49%) Python
7 52 (5.98%) PowerShell
8 51 (5.86%) C++
8 51 (5.86%) T-SQL
9 50 (5.75%) Scala
9 50 (5.75%) XPath
10 26 (2.99%) Ruby
11 25 (2.87%) Perl
12 24 (2.76%) C
12 24 (2.76%) Shell Script
13 22 (2.53%) Bash Shell
14 20 (2.30%) VB.NET
15 19 (2.18%) Kotlin
16 16 (1.84%) Groovy
16 16 (1.84%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 118 (13.56%) Security Cleared
2 97 (11.15%) SC Cleared
3 52 (5.98%) ISEB
4 48 (5.52%) ISTQB
5 43 (4.94%) Degree
6 42 (4.83%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 25 (2.87%) Computer Science Degree
8 15 (1.72%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.80%) AWS Certification
11 6 (0.69%) ISEB Practitioner
12 4 (0.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.46%) Master's Degree
13 3 (0.34%) CCNA
13 3 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.23%) CCIE
14 2 (0.23%) CCNP
14 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.23%) VCP6
14 2 (0.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (8.74%) QA
2 9 (1.03%) WCAG
3 8 (0.92%) OASIS TOSCA
3 8 (0.92%) SLA
4 5 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.57%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.34%) GDPR
5 3 (0.34%) GxP
5 3 (0.34%) HL7
5 3 (0.34%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.23%) CDISC
6 2 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.23%) MiFID
6 2 (0.23%) NCSC
6 2 (0.23%) NIST
7 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 76 (8.74%) Docker
2 18 (2.07%) Active Directory
2 18 (2.07%) HDFS
3 17 (1.95%) VMware ESXi
4 15 (1.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (1.49%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (1.26%) vSphere
7 9 (1.03%) VMware NSX
8 8 (0.92%) KVM
8 8 (0.92%) LXC
8 8 (0.92%) Time Sharing Option
9 6 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.46%) NDS
10 4 (0.46%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 3 (0.34%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.34%) XenApp
12 2 (0.23%) Firmware
12 2 (0.23%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.23%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.11%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 70 (8.05%) Kubernetes
2 29 (3.33%) Puppet
3 26 (2.99%) Grafana
4 22 (2.53%) HP Quality Center
5 17 (1.95%) Ansible
6 15 (1.72%) Prometheus
7 11 (1.26%) Terraform
8 10 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
8 10 (1.15%) Kibana
9 9 (1.03%) PowerCLI
9 9 (1.03%) vRealize
10 8 (0.92%) Cloudify
10 8 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (0.92%) Juju
10 8 (0.92%) Salt
11 7 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
11 7 (0.80%) vCenter Server
12 6 (0.69%) Control-M
12 6 (0.69%) Rancher
12 6 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 274 (31.49%) Oracle
2 110 (12.64%) Microsoft
3 83 (9.54%) SAP
4 54 (6.21%) Red Hat
5 48 (5.52%) Atlassian
6 47 (5.40%) MuleSoft
6 47 (5.40%) webMethods
7 43 (4.94%) ServiceNow
8 38 (4.37%) Sybase
9 33 (3.79%) TIBCO
10 28 (3.22%) Axway
10 28 (3.22%) IBM
10 28 (3.22%) Salesforce.com
11 27 (3.10%) Dell
12 23 (2.64%) Google
13 22 (2.53%) Sparx
14 18 (2.07%) VMware
15 17 (1.95%) Murex
15 17 (1.95%) Talend
16 16 (1.84%) WSO2