Period
to 30 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
30 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 119 104 86
Rank change year-on-year -15 -18 -20
Contract jobs citing XML 634 2,026 2,914
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.13% 2.33% 2.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.87% 7.45% 8.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 445 1,338 1,909
Median daily rate £465 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% +0.90%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £315
90th Percentile £645 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 54 53
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +6.71% +2.50%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £43.75 £40.50
% change year-on-year -8.57% +8.02% +1.25%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,223 27,210 35,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.94% 31.28% 35.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,129 18,890 24,996
Median daily rate £495 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 142 304 330
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.01 £41.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.47% +5.57% +4.22%
10th Percentile £23.65 £20.26 £15.21
90th Percentile £55.00 £63.75 £58.88
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +6.10% +2.50%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing XML.

Daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing XML.

Hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 30 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 30 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 548 £488 +2.63% 281
UK excluding London -5 345 £450 - 214
London -8 235 £525 - 94
Work from Home -40 104 £450 -18.18% 59
Midlands +33 92 £444 -1.44% 46
South East -2 75 £473 +11.18% 38
West Midlands +25 74 £450 -1.91% 31
North of England +11 51 £413 -2.94% 51
South West -5 43 £525 +10.53% 35
Scotland +2 40 £418 -9.73% 15
East of England +16 30 £500 +6.33% 14
North West +19 26 £435 +2.35% 26
Yorkshire +37 19 £410 -6.29% 21
East Midlands +38 16 £315 -21.25% 14
Northern Ireland +9 10 £431 +85.38% 3
North East +10 6 £394 -4.19% 4
Wales -2 4 £375 -9.37% 12

For the 6 months to 30 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 285 (44.95%) Java
1 285 (44.95%) SQL
2 266 (41.96%) JSON
3 261 (41.17%) Agile Software Development
4 237 (37.38%) Oracle
5 224 (35.33%) Web Services
6 188 (29.65%) JavaScript
7 180 (28.39%) SOAP
8 175 (27.60%) HTML
9 159 (25.08%) REST
10 127 (20.03%) CSS
11 126 (19.87%) Windows
12 125 (19.72%) Security Cleared
12 125 (19.72%) Git (software)
13 124 (19.56%) SQL Server
13 124 (19.56%) Finance
14 120 (18.93%) Test Automation
15 111 (17.51%) Jenkins
16 110 (17.35%) XSLT
17 109 (17.19%) JIRA
18 108 (17.03%) .NET
19 103 (16.25%) Microservices
20 100 (15.77%) C#
20 100 (15.77%) Microsoft
21 99 (15.62%) TDD
22 98 (15.46%) SC Cleared
22 98 (15.46%) Public Sector
23 97 (15.30%) Unix
24 94 (14.83%) Spring
24 94 (14.83%) Azure

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (11.67%) WebLogic
2 68 (10.73%) Confluence
3 55 (8.68%) Mule
3 55 (8.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 52 (8.20%) Red Hat Fuse
5 49 (7.73%) Tomcat
6 45 (7.10%) JBoss
7 35 (5.52%) Apache
8 31 (4.89%) Oracle Service Bus
9 30 (4.73%) SharePoint
10 28 (4.42%) WebSphere
11 19 (3.00%) CMS
12 18 (2.84%) IIS
13 13 (2.05%) MQSeries
13 13 (2.05%) Oracle Workflow
14 10 (1.58%) Appian
14 10 (1.58%) AquaLogic
15 8 (1.26%) BizTalk Server
16 6 (0.95%) Elasticsearch
16 6 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 35 (5.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (2.05%) InfoPath
4 12 (1.89%) MS Visio
5 10 (1.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.32%) Doxygen
7 2 (0.32%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.16%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.16%) Figma
8 1 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.16%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 19 (3.00%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (2.52%) Oracle EBS
3 14 (2.21%) Oracle ERP
4 12 (1.89%) SAP FI-CA
5 11 (1.74%) Dynamics CRM
5 11 (1.74%) Maximo
5 11 (1.74%) Oracle Payables
5 11 (1.74%) SunGard Martini
6 9 (1.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 7 (1.10%) Oracle General Ledger
8 6 (0.95%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.95%) Oracle EBS R12
8 6 (0.95%) Oracle Receivables
9 5 (0.79%) Oracle Assets
10 4 (0.63%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.63%) Dynamics NAV
10 4 (0.63%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 4 (0.63%) Oracle Financials
11 3 (0.47%) Oracle Applications
11 3 (0.47%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 94 (14.83%) Azure
2 54 (8.52%) AWS
3 41 (6.47%) Power Platform
4 25 (3.94%) PaaS
5 24 (3.79%) SaaS
6 23 (3.63%) GitHub
7 20 (3.15%) Logic Apps
8 16 (2.52%) Serverless
9 12 (1.89%) Azure Data Factory
9 12 (1.89%) PowerApps
10 11 (1.74%) Google Analytics
11 10 (1.58%) Apigee
11 10 (1.58%) Dynamics 365
11 10 (1.58%) IaaS
11 10 (1.58%) Kong
12 9 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
12 9 (1.42%) Boomi
12 9 (1.42%) Office 365
12 9 (1.42%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 38 (5.99%) HTTP
2 16 (2.52%) SSL
3 13 (2.05%) TCP/IP
3 13 (2.05%) VSAN
4 11 (1.74%) DNS
5 7 (1.10%) SSH
6 6 (0.95%) HTTPS
6 6 (0.95%) Remote Desktop
7 5 (0.79%) DKIM
7 5 (0.79%) FTP
7 5 (0.79%) Kerberos
8 4 (0.63%) Internet
8 4 (0.63%) SNMP
9 3 (0.47%) Intranet
9 3 (0.47%) VLAN
9 3 (0.47%) VPN
9 3 (0.47%) WinSCP
10 2 (0.32%) PuTTY
10 2 (0.32%) Skype
10 2 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (19.56%) SQL Server
2 64 (10.09%) MySQL
3 63 (9.94%) Oracle Database
4 54 (8.52%) Relational Database
5 42 (6.62%) MongoDB
6 36 (5.68%) Data Warehouse
7 35 (5.52%) Power BI
8 31 (4.89%) PostgreSQL
9 28 (4.42%) Oracle Database 12c
10 27 (4.26%) NoSQL
11 26 (4.10%) DB2
12 23 (3.63%) Hadoop
12 23 (3.63%) Oracle Database 11g
12 23 (3.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 21 (3.31%) Oracle Reports
13 21 (3.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (2.37%) Azure SQL Database
15 14 (2.21%) Big Data
15 14 (2.21%) Oracle Database 10g
15 14 (2.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 125 (19.72%) Git (software)
2 111 (17.51%) Jenkins
3 109 (17.19%) JIRA
4 81 (12.78%) Maven
5 63 (9.94%) Cucumber
6 59 (9.31%) Subversion
7 53 (8.36%) Selenium
8 49 (7.73%) JUnit
9 47 (7.41%) Visual Studio
10 44 (6.94%) Postman
11 38 (5.99%) SoapUI
11 38 (5.99%) Toad
12 25 (3.94%) JMeter
13 23 (3.63%) Oracle APEX
14 21 (3.31%) Ant
15 20 (3.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 18 (2.84%) Eclipse
17 17 (2.68%) Mockito
18 16 (2.52%) Hudson
18 16 (2.52%) jMock
General
1 124 (19.56%) Finance
2 98 (15.46%) Public Sector
3 58 (9.15%) Banking
4 42 (6.62%) Manufacturing
4 42 (6.62%) Telecoms
5 36 (5.68%) Marketing
6 32 (5.05%) Investment Banking
7 30 (4.73%) Electronics
8 16 (2.52%) Retail
9 10 (1.58%) Back Office
9 10 (1.58%) Pharmaceutical
10 7 (1.10%) Front Office
11 5 (0.79%) French Language
11 5 (0.79%) Law
12 4 (0.63%) Legal
12 4 (0.63%) Military
13 3 (0.47%) Advertising
13 3 (0.47%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.47%) Games
13 3 (0.47%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 281 (44.32%) Developer
2 92 (14.51%) Java Developer
3 62 (9.78%) Architect
4 60 (9.46%) Analyst
5 49 (7.73%) Senior Developer
6 44 (6.94%) Consultant
7 29 (4.57%) Senior Java Developer
8 27 (4.26%) Integration Developer
9 25 (3.94%) Business Analyst
10 21 (3.31%) Software Engineer
11 20 (3.15%) Senior Integration Developer
12 18 (2.84%) Test Analyst
13 17 (2.68%) Oracle Developer
13 17 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
13 17 (2.68%) Tester
13 17 (2.68%) Virtualisation Engineer
14 16 (2.52%) .NET Developer
14 16 (2.52%) Test Engineer
15 14 (2.21%) Applications Developer
15 14 (2.21%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 266 (41.96%) JSON
2 224 (35.33%) Web Services
3 180 (28.39%) SOAP
4 175 (27.60%) HTML
5 159 (25.08%) REST
6 127 (20.03%) CSS
7 110 (17.35%) XSLT
8 108 (17.03%) .NET
9 94 (14.83%) Spring
10 83 (13.09%) RESTful
11 74 (11.67%) Middleware
12 58 (9.15%) jQuery
13 57 (8.99%) Apache Camel
14 42 (6.62%) Hibernate
15 39 (6.15%) JMS
16 38 (5.99%) Spring Boot
16 38 (5.99%) Swagger
17 37 (5.84%) HTML5
17 37 (5.84%) J2EE
18 35 (5.52%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.99%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (3.79%) Enterprise Software
3 16 (2.52%) Fixed Income
3 16 (2.52%) User Experience
4 14 (2.21%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (2.05%) Management Information System
6 12 (1.89%) Data Centre
7 11 (1.74%) CMDB
7 11 (1.74%) Derivative
8 10 (1.58%) Data Structures
9 9 (1.42%) Mobile App
10 8 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (1.10%) Cloud Native
11 7 (1.10%) Private Cloud
12 6 (0.95%) Client/Server
13 5 (0.79%) Equities
13 5 (0.79%) Mainframe
14 4 (0.63%) Clustering
14 4 (0.63%) NHS
14 4 (0.63%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 126 (19.87%) Windows
2 97 (15.30%) Unix
3 88 (13.88%) Linux
4 24 (3.79%) Windows Server
5 13 (2.05%) Android
5 13 (2.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.26%) Mac OS X
6 8 (1.26%) OpenVMS
7 7 (1.10%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.79%) CentOS
8 5 (0.79%) Debian
8 5 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.63%) AIX
10 3 (0.47%) VMS
11 2 (0.32%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 261 (41.17%) Agile Software Development
2 120 (18.93%) Test Automation
3 103 (16.25%) Microservices
4 99 (15.62%) TDD
5 92 (14.51%) SOA
6 91 (14.35%) Continuous Integration
7 89 (14.04%) Scrum
8 87 (13.72%) Business Intelligence
9 78 (12.30%) DevOps
10 76 (11.99%) Unit Testing
11 64 (10.09%) Migration
12 60 (9.46%) BDD
13 56 (8.83%) Continuous Delivery
14 53 (8.36%) Analytics
15 49 (7.73%) SDLC
16 48 (7.57%) Software Engineering
17 47 (7.41%) Test Scripting
18 44 (6.94%) Kanban
19 43 (6.78%) OO
20 42 (6.62%) UML
Programming Languages
1 285 (44.95%) Java
1 285 (44.95%) SQL
2 188 (29.65%) JavaScript
3 100 (15.77%) C#
4 82 (12.93%) PL/SQL
5 64 (10.09%) PowerShell
6 51 (8.04%) Python
7 43 (6.78%) XPath
8 42 (6.62%) T-SQL
9 38 (5.99%) C++
10 33 (5.21%) C
11 24 (3.79%) Perl
12 21 (3.31%) Scala
13 15 (2.37%) Shell Script
14 14 (2.21%) Bash Shell
15 13 (2.05%) VBScript
16 12 (1.89%) VB
16 12 (1.89%) VB.NET
17 11 (1.74%) VBA
18 10 (1.58%) PHP
Qualifications
1 125 (19.72%) Security Cleared
2 98 (15.46%) SC Cleared
3 32 (5.05%) ISEB
4 31 (4.89%) ISTQB
5 30 (4.73%) Degree
6 25 (3.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 21 (3.31%) DV Cleared
8 11 (1.74%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
10 6 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.63%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.63%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.63%) MCSD
12 2 (0.32%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.32%) MCAD
12 2 (0.32%) MCITP
12 2 (0.32%) MCPD
12 2 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
13 1 (0.16%) HNC
13 1 (0.16%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (5.84%) QA
2 8 (1.26%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.95%) WCAG
4 5 (0.79%) HL7
4 5 (0.79%) SLA
5 4 (0.63%) PMO
6 3 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.32%) GDPR
7 2 (0.32%) GxP
7 2 (0.32%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.32%) OASIS TOSCA
8 1 (0.16%) CDISC
8 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.16%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 38 (5.99%) Active Directory
2 37 (5.84%) Docker
3 24 (3.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (3.31%) vSphere
5 13 (2.05%) VMware NSX
5 13 (2.05%) XenApp
6 11 (1.74%) HDFS
6 11 (1.74%) Terminal Services
7 8 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.95%) NDS
8 6 (0.95%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 5 (0.79%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.63%) RACF
10 4 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.32%) KVM
11 2 (0.32%) LXC
11 2 (0.32%) NFS
12 1 (0.16%) Time Sharing Option
12 1 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 31 (4.89%) Kubernetes
2 13 (2.05%) PowerCLI
2 13 (2.05%) Puppet
2 13 (2.05%) vRealize
3 12 (1.89%) Rancher
4 11 (1.74%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (1.58%) Grafana
5 10 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (1.26%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 7 (1.10%) Ansible
7 7 (1.10%) Data Guard
8 6 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
8 6 (0.95%) Kibana
9 5 (0.79%) Salt
10 4 (0.63%) Control-M
10 4 (0.63%) Oozie
10 4 (0.63%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.47%) Cisco CUCM
11 3 (0.47%) Forum Sentry
11 3 (0.47%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 237 (37.38%) Oracle
2 100 (15.77%) Microsoft
3 70 (11.04%) SAP
4 29 (4.57%) IBM
5 28 (4.42%) webMethods
6 27 (4.26%) Sybase
7 25 (3.94%) VMware
7 25 (3.94%) WSO2
8 24 (3.79%) Atlassian
8 24 (3.79%) MuleSoft
8 24 (3.79%) Red Hat
8 24 (3.79%) Talend
9 22 (3.47%) Salesforce.com
10 17 (2.68%) Dell
11 16 (2.52%) Informatica
12 14 (2.21%) Google
12 14 (2.21%) NetIQ
12 14 (2.21%) ServiceNow
12 14 (2.21%) TIBCO
13 13 (2.05%) Tableau