Period
to 22 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for XML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited XML over the 6 months to 22 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

XML
UK
6 months to
22 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 79 57 55
Rank change year-on-year -22 -2 -10
Contract jobs citing XML 2,940 3,237 3,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.92% 3.59% 3.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.90% 11.24% 12.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,927 2,147 2,623
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 80 72
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £35.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +13.31% +8.48%
10th Percentile £17.52 £21.00 £13.84
90th Percentile £79.01 £61.28 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.63 £41.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +0.30% +12.16% +5.71%

XML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,037 28,789 30,108
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.81% 31.94% 28.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,256 19,897 20,978
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 327 355 441
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.36% +6.58% +8.57%
10th Percentile £15.92 £16.07 £13.50
90th Percentile £64.40 £53.75 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +7.14%

XML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing XML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing XML.

Contractor daily rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for XML in the UK

XML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing XML over the 6 months to 22 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for XML in the UK

XML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing XML within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 2,647 £450 +5.88% 827
UK excluding London -25 1,608 £425 +6.25% 619
London -14 1,279 £500 +5.26% 284
South East -29 504 £450 +9.09% 157
North of England -31 279 £413 +10.00% 135
Midlands -10 247 £375 -1.64% 124
East of England -22 196 £500 +24.53% 55
Scotland +20 194 £400 - 51
West Midlands -13 144 £400 -5.88% 82
South West -23 136 £425 - 72
North West -43 132 £406 +10.54% 88
Yorkshire -11 112 £425 +6.25% 33
East Midlands +7 102 £350 -4.76% 42
Wales -19 39 £369 +5.36% 14
North East -7 38 £425 +21.36% 14
Northern Ireland -17 15 £430 +22.86% 11

For the 6 months to 22 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing XML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for XML.

1 1,278 (43.47%) Java
2 1,248 (42.45%) Agile Software Development
3 1,208 (41.09%) SQL
4 1,004 (34.15%) JSON
5 949 (32.28%) JavaScript
6 909 (30.92%) Web Services
7 816 (27.76%) SOAP
8 789 (26.84%) HTML
9 682 (23.20%) REST
10 661 (22.48%) CSS
11 655 (22.28%) Oracle
12 591 (20.10%) Finance
13 567 (19.29%) C#
14 557 (18.95%) .NET
15 510 (17.35%) TDD
15 510 (17.35%) Git (software)
16 475 (16.16%) SQL Server
17 455 (15.48%) XSLT
18 443 (15.07%) SOA
19 430 (14.63%) Linux
20 427 (14.52%) Spring
21 426 (14.49%) RESTful
22 410 (13.95%) Scrum
23 371 (12.62%) Windows
23 371 (12.62%) Microsoft
24 365 (12.41%) Test Automation
25 359 (12.21%) Unix
26 353 (12.01%) Relational Database
27 349 (11.87%) jQuery
28 341 (11.60%) MVC

XML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (5.65%) Tomcat
2 162 (5.51%) WebSphere
3 161 (5.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 140 (4.76%) Apache
5 128 (4.35%) Confluence
6 120 (4.08%) SharePoint
7 118 (4.01%) WebLogic
8 116 (3.95%) JBoss
9 112 (3.81%) CMS
10 87 (2.96%) IIS
11 84 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
12 71 (2.41%) Mule
13 68 (2.31%) Oracle Service Bus
14 59 (2.01%) Apache Spark
15 48 (1.63%) BizTalk Server
16 38 (1.29%) SharePoint 2013
17 37 (1.26%) Apache Solr
18 34 (1.16%) SharePoint 2010
19 31 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 31 (1.05%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 83 (2.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 63 (2.14%) Microsoft Office
3 57 (1.94%) MS Visio
4 28 (0.95%) InfoPath
5 27 (0.92%) Microsoft Project
6 22 (0.75%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.20%) EngageOne
8 6 (0.20%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.17%) AutoCAD
9 5 (0.17%) HipChat
10 4 (0.14%) Autodesk Inventor
11 3 (0.10%) InVision
11 3 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
12 2 (0.068%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.068%) UXPin
13 1 (0.034%) 3ds Max
13 1 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 1 (0.034%) InDesign
13 1 (0.034%) Maya
Business Applications
1 45 (1.53%) Oracle EBS
2 40 (1.36%) Oracle BPM
3 33 (1.12%) Oracle EBS R12
4 30 (1.02%) Oracle Receivables
5 21 (0.71%) Oracle Payables
6 19 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
6 19 (0.65%) Oracle Assets
7 18 (0.61%) Oracle iProcurement
8 17 (0.58%) Oracle General Ledger
9 15 (0.51%) Magento
10 14 (0.48%) Elite 3E
10 14 (0.48%) Oracle Internet Expenses
11 11 (0.37%) NetSuite
12 10 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
13 8 (0.27%) ION MarketView
13 8 (0.27%) Markit EDM
13 8 (0.27%) Maximo
13 8 (0.27%) Unit4 Business World
14 7 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
14 7 (0.24%) Oracle TCA
Cloud Services
1 269 (9.15%) Amazon AWS
2 166 (5.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 69 (2.35%) GitHub
4 62 (2.11%) Office 365
5 55 (1.87%) PaaS
6 49 (1.67%) Amazon S3
7 45 (1.53%) SaaS
8 32 (1.09%) npm
9 31 (1.05%) Google Cloud Platform
9 31 (1.05%) Serverless
10 29 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
10 29 (0.99%) Boomi
11 27 (0.92%) IaaS
12 24 (0.82%) Azure Active Directory
13 22 (0.75%) OpenShift
14 21 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
14 21 (0.71%) Google Analytics
14 21 (0.71%) iPaaS
15 19 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
16 16 (0.54%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 216 (7.35%) HTTP
2 81 (2.76%) Internet
3 75 (2.55%) SSL
4 74 (2.52%) FTP
5 59 (2.01%) TCP/IP
6 29 (0.99%) SMTP
7 27 (0.92%) DNS
8 25 (0.85%) HTTPS
9 22 (0.75%) SMS
9 22 (0.75%) SNMP
10 21 (0.71%) Firewall
11 20 (0.68%) Intranet
12 17 (0.58%) MQTT
13 14 (0.48%) VPN
14 12 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
15 11 (0.37%) SSH
16 10 (0.34%) Kerberos
16 10 (0.34%) PuTTY
17 9 (0.31%) IMAP
18 7 (0.24%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 475 (16.16%) SQL Server
2 353 (12.01%) Relational Database
3 202 (6.87%) MySQL
4 164 (5.58%) Oracle Database
5 155 (5.27%) NoSQL
6 153 (5.20%) RDBMS
7 123 (4.18%) PostgreSQL
8 119 (4.05%) Data Warehouse
9 98 (3.33%) MongoDB
10 91 (3.10%) DB2
11 90 (3.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 89 (3.03%) Oracle Database 11g
13 88 (2.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 82 (2.79%) SQL Server 2008
15 81 (2.76%) Hadoop
16 76 (2.59%) Big Data
17 55 (1.87%) Oracle Database 10g
18 43 (1.46%) HBase
19 40 (1.36%) Oracle Reports
20 35 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 510 (17.35%) Git (software)
2 311 (10.58%) Maven
3 296 (10.07%) Jenkins
4 273 (9.29%) JIRA
5 267 (9.08%) JUnit
6 227 (7.72%) Visual Studio
7 202 (6.87%) Selenium
8 171 (5.82%) Cucumber
9 166 (5.65%) Subversion
10 165 (5.61%) Eclipse
11 150 (5.10%) Team Foundation Server
12 118 (4.01%) Gradle
13 110 (3.74%) Ant
14 104 (3.54%) SoapUI
15 79 (2.69%) Mockito
16 70 (2.38%) IntelliJ
17 65 (2.21%) TeamCity
18 60 (2.04%) NUnit
19 48 (1.63%) SonarQube
20 46 (1.56%) XMLSpy
General
1 591 (20.10%) Finance
2 281 (9.56%) Banking
3 114 (3.88%) Marketing
4 92 (3.13%) Telecoms
5 89 (3.03%) Manufacturing
6 87 (2.96%) Investment Banking
7 78 (2.65%) Retail
8 74 (2.52%) Electronics
9 64 (2.18%) Legal
10 61 (2.07%) Front Office
11 40 (1.36%) Law
12 37 (1.26%) Back Office
13 35 (1.19%) Automotive
14 34 (1.16%) Financial Institution
15 28 (0.95%) Billing
16 19 (0.65%) Games
16 19 (0.65%) Publishing
17 15 (0.51%) General Ledger
18 13 (0.44%) Advertising
19 12 (0.41%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 1,661 (56.50%) Developer
2 491 (16.70%) Java Developer
3 280 (9.52%) Analyst
4 269 (9.15%) Architect
5 242 (8.23%) Senior Developer
6 166 (5.65%) .NET Developer
7 125 (4.25%) Consultant
8 119 (4.05%) C# Developer
9 104 (3.54%) Senior Java Developer
10 92 (3.13%) Integration Developer
11 91 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
12 84 (2.86%) Software Developer
13 81 (2.76%) Solutions Architect
14 80 (2.72%) C# .NET Developer
15 77 (2.62%) Tester
16 76 (2.59%) Test Analyst
17 74 (2.52%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 74 (2.52%) Software Engineer
18 72 (2.45%) Business Analyst
19 68 (2.31%) XML Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,004 (34.15%) JSON
2 909 (30.92%) Web Services
3 816 (27.76%) SOAP
4 789 (26.84%) HTML
5 682 (23.20%) REST
6 661 (22.48%) CSS
7 557 (18.95%) .NET
8 455 (15.48%) XSLT
9 427 (14.52%) Spring
10 426 (14.49%) RESTful
11 349 (11.87%) jQuery
12 334 (11.36%) AngularJS
13 308 (10.48%) HTML5
14 266 (9.05%) J2EE
15 241 (8.20%) Ajax
16 239 (8.13%) Hibernate
17 225 (7.65%) XSD
18 212 (7.21%) Node.js
19 206 (7.01%) JMS
20 201 (6.84%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 206 (7.01%) Analytical Skills
2 164 (5.58%) Greenfield Project
3 134 (4.56%) User Experience
4 119 (4.05%) Mobile App
5 98 (3.33%) Computer Science
6 83 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
7 72 (2.45%) Self-Motivation
8 59 (2.01%) Data Structures
9 58 (1.97%) Algorithms
10 53 (1.80%) Derivative
11 45 (1.53%) Management Information System
12 36 (1.22%) Fixed Income
13 30 (1.02%) DataPower
14 29 (0.99%) Mainframe
15 24 (0.82%) Fintech
16 23 (0.78%) CMDB
17 22 (0.75%) Data Centre
17 22 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 21 (0.71%) Virtual Team
19 20 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 430 (14.63%) Linux
2 371 (12.62%) Windows
3 359 (12.21%) Unix
4 110 (3.74%) Windows Server
5 77 (2.62%) Android
6 60 (2.04%) Windows Server 2012
7 49 (1.67%) Windows Server 2003
7 49 (1.67%) Windows Server 2008
8 42 (1.43%) Apple iOS
8 42 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 27 (0.92%) Ubuntu
10 25 (0.85%) Mac OS X
10 25 (0.85%) Windows 7
11 18 (0.61%) Solaris
12 14 (0.48%) CentOS
13 13 (0.44%) HPUX
13 13 (0.44%) Windows 8
14 12 (0.41%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.24%) Debian
15 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (42.45%) Agile Software Development
2 510 (17.35%) TDD
3 443 (15.07%) SOA
4 410 (13.95%) Scrum
5 365 (12.41%) Test Automation
6 341 (11.60%) MVC
7 309 (10.51%) OO
8 287 (9.76%) Continuous Integration
9 279 (9.49%) SDLC
10 273 (9.29%) Problem-Solving
11 246 (8.37%) DevOps
12 237 (8.06%) Software Engineering
13 236 (8.03%) Microservices
14 230 (7.82%) BDD
15 221 (7.52%) Data Modelling
16 213 (7.24%) Unit Testing
17 211 (7.18%) Migration
18 176 (5.99%) Business Intelligence
19 157 (5.34%) Workflow
20 152 (5.17%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 1,278 (43.47%) Java
2 1,208 (41.09%) SQL
3 949 (32.28%) JavaScript
4 567 (19.29%) C#
5 312 (10.61%) Python
6 191 (6.50%) XPath
7 180 (6.12%) PL/SQL
8 145 (4.93%) Java 8
9 144 (4.90%) C++
10 121 (4.12%) PowerShell
11 116 (3.95%) Scala
12 106 (3.61%) Ruby
13 100 (3.40%) Perl
14 96 (3.27%) Bash Shell
14 96 (3.27%) Shell Script
15 86 (2.93%) C
16 82 (2.79%) T-SQL
17 75 (2.55%) PHP
18 74 (2.52%) Groovy
19 51 (1.73%) ES6
Qualifications
1 262 (8.91%) Security Cleared
2 181 (6.16%) Degree
3 180 (6.12%) SC Cleared
4 69 (2.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (1.97%) DV Cleared
6 41 (1.39%) ISEB
7 38 (1.29%) ISTQB
8 30 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
9 25 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 24 (0.82%) Master's Degree
10 24 (0.82%) MCSE
11 12 (0.41%) Siebel Certification
12 10 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
15 4 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
15 4 (0.14%) Sun Certification
15 4 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
16 3 (0.10%) DBS Check
16 3 (0.10%) HP ASE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (4.42%) QA
2 64 (2.18%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.71%) SLA
4 19 (0.65%) EMIR
4 19 (0.65%) MiFID
5 18 (0.61%) Dodd-Frank
6 16 (0.54%) GDPR
7 15 (0.51%) GCP
8 13 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
8 13 (0.44%) ISO 20022
9 12 (0.41%) PMO
10 10 (0.34%) HL7
10 10 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.17%) PSD2
12 4 (0.14%) IFRS
12 4 (0.14%) IFRS 9
12 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.10%) SEPA
14 2 (0.068%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.068%) WCAG
System Software
1 155 (5.27%) Docker
2 94 (3.20%) Active Directory
3 48 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (1.12%) HDFS
5 27 (0.92%) vSphere
6 18 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 6 (0.20%) KVM
9 6 (0.20%) VMware Server
10 5 (0.17%) Apache Flume
10 5 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
10 5 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (0.17%) Xen
11 4 (0.14%) NFS
11 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.10%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 2 (0.068%) SRDF
13 2 (0.068%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 73 (2.48%) Puppet
2 66 (2.24%) Ansible
3 52 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
4 39 (1.33%) HP ALM
5 31 (1.05%) HP Quality Center
6 29 (0.99%) Kubernetes
7 25 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
8 22 (0.75%) Kibana
9 20 (0.68%) Grafana
10 14 (0.48%) Terraform
11 12 (0.41%) Netcool
12 11 (0.37%) Nagios
13 9 (0.31%) CA Service Virtualization
13 9 (0.31%) Cisco Prime
13 9 (0.31%) Control-M
13 9 (0.31%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.31%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 8 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.27%) Rancher
14 8 (0.27%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 655 (22.28%) Oracle
2 371 (12.62%) Microsoft
3 153 (5.20%) IBM
4 103 (3.50%) SAP
5 94 (3.20%) ServiceNow
6 75 (2.55%) MuleSoft
7 70 (2.38%) HP
8 63 (2.14%) Google
8 63 (2.14%) WSO2
9 59 (2.01%) webMethods
10 54 (1.84%) VMware
11 52 (1.77%) Adobe
12 47 (1.60%) Atlassian
13 45 (1.53%) Red Hat
13 45 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
14 42 (1.43%) Informatica
15 40 (1.36%) Perforce
16 35 (1.19%) Splunk
17 31 (1.05%) Cisco
18 30 (1.02%) Capita