Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for .NET skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited .NET over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft .NET (dotNet)
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 33 23 19
Rank change year-on-year -10 -4 0
Contract jobs citing .NET 3,627 2,947 7,107
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.88% 6.76% 7.84%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 19.42% 22.19% 24.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,704 2,116 5,399
10th Percentile £330 £320 £325
25th Percentile £400 £375 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £468 £450
Median % change year-on-year +4.16% +4.00% +5.88%
75th Percentile £619 £563 £543
90th Percentile £700 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +1.19% -1.18% +10.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 13 53
10th Percentile £26.80 " £21.58
25th Percentile £34.00 £20.50 £36.10
Median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -11.11% +5.88%
75th Percentile £46.00 £45.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £50.65 £46.12 £57.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.25 £45.64
% change year-on-year -0.62% -11.80% +7.38%

.NET is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,681 13,283 29,272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.27% 30.46% 32.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,297 9,417 20,728
10th Percentile £350 £331 £331
25th Percentile £413 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +4.26%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 115 262
10th Percentile £21.70 £20.50 £16.11
25th Percentile £30.18 £31.25 £26.06
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.92
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +2.42% +7.54%
75th Percentile £56.44 £56.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.00 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +8.24% +5.59%

.NET
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing .NET as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for .NET in the UK

.NET
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing .NET.

Daily rate trend for .NET in the UK

.NET
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing .NET over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for .NET in the UK

.NET
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing .NET.

Hourly rate trend for .NET in the UK

.NET
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing .NET over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for .NET in the UK

.NET
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing .NET within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2,956 £500 +5.26% 2,500
London -2 1,818 £575 +11.65% 681
UK excluding London -9 1,227 £425 +1.19% 2,009
Work from Home -13 923 £465 +9.41% 620
North of England +8 325 £413 +3.13% 629
South East -9 274 £439 +5.72% 448
North West +11 218 £406 +1.56% 369
Scotland -14 203 £420 +1.20% 111
Midlands -21 161 £375 -11.76% 368
South West -18 128 £450 +7.02% 196
West Midlands -36 92 £394 -17.11% 215
Yorkshire -3 85 £425 +6.25% 186
East of England -27 77 £413 -5.71% 173
East Midlands -4 66 £375 +7.14% 153
Wales +19 48 £433 +2.98% 58
North East +10 22 £413 +3.13% 74
Northern Ireland +4 10 £430 +7.50% 25
Isle of Man - 1 £400 - 1

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing .NET also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for .NET.

1 2,362 (65.12%) C#
2 1,652 (45.55%) Azure
3 1,360 (37.50%) Agile Software Development
4 1,318 (36.34%) SQL
5 1,067 (29.42%) .NET Core
6 1,007 (27.76%) JavaScript
7 949 (26.16%) DevOps
8 910 (25.09%) SQL Server
9 711 (19.60%) Microsoft
10 708 (19.52%) ASP.NET
11 678 (18.69%) AngularJS
12 631 (17.40%) Microservices
13 619 (17.07%) Finance
14 603 (16.63%) .NET Framework
15 574 (15.83%) Software Engineering
16 572 (15.77%) TDD
17 527 (14.53%) AWS
18 522 (14.39%) HTML
19 520 (14.34%) Social Skills
20 493 (13.59%) Java
21 459 (12.66%) MVC
22 458 (12.63%) Git (software)
23 457 (12.60%) React
24 452 (12.46%) Python
25 437 (12.05%) CSS
26 424 (11.69%) Oracle
27 400 (11.03%) Banking
28 380 (10.48%) Docker
29 370 (10.20%) Kubernetes
30 361 (9.95%) Web Services

.NET
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (4.19%) SharePoint
2 103 (2.84%) IIS
3 65 (1.79%) BizTalk Server
4 55 (1.52%) CMS
4 55 (1.52%) Confluence
5 42 (1.16%) Umbraco
6 37 (1.02%) Apache
7 34 (0.94%) EPiServer
8 32 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
9 28 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 20 (0.55%) Apache Spark
11 19 (0.52%) Oracle Coherence
12 16 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
12 16 (0.44%) MS Exchange
12 16 (0.44%) NServiceBus
12 16 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
13 14 (0.39%) WebSphere
14 13 (0.36%) nginx
15 11 (0.30%) Kentico
16 10 (0.28%) Drupal
Applications
1 32 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.17%) Adobe XD
3 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.083%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.055%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.028%) Figma
7 1 (0.028%) GIMP
7 1 (0.028%) InDesign
7 1 (0.028%) InVision
7 1 (0.028%) Mingle
7 1 (0.028%) Pipeline Pilot
7 1 (0.028%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 114 (3.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 48 (1.32%) Dynamics AX
3 22 (0.61%) SunGard Martini
4 18 (0.50%) Dynamics NAV
5 8 (0.22%) thinkFolio
6 4 (0.11%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.11%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.083%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.083%) Unit4 Business World
8 2 (0.055%) Exchequer
8 2 (0.055%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.055%) OPENHousing
8 2 (0.055%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.055%) Shopify
9 1 (0.028%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.028%) Radian6
9 1 (0.028%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.028%) SystmOne
9 1 (0.028%) Toggl
Cloud Services
1 1,652 (45.55%) Azure
2 527 (14.53%) AWS
3 357 (9.84%) Serverless
4 195 (5.38%) Azure Functions
5 194 (5.35%) Power Platform
6 178 (4.91%) PaaS
7 157 (4.33%) Azure Service Bus
8 148 (4.08%) GCP
9 146 (4.03%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 124 (3.42%) Dynamics 365
11 107 (2.95%) SaaS
12 105 (2.89%) Azure Logic Apps
13 101 (2.78%) Azure Active Directory
14 96 (2.65%) AWS Lambda
15 95 (2.62%) IaaS
16 82 (2.26%) PowerApps
17 78 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
18 73 (2.01%) GitHub
19 71 (1.96%) Microsoft 365
20 64 (1.76%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 55 (1.52%) Firewall
2 42 (1.16%) TCP/IP
3 29 (0.80%) DNS
4 25 (0.69%) HTTP
5 21 (0.58%) FTP
6 15 (0.41%) Network Security
7 14 (0.39%) Internet
8 13 (0.36%) SMTP
8 13 (0.36%) SSL
9 11 (0.30%) Kerberos
9 11 (0.30%) WAN
10 10 (0.28%) LAN
10 10 (0.28%) SNMP
10 10 (0.28%) VoIP
11 9 (0.25%) Ethernet
12 8 (0.22%) DHCP
12 8 (0.22%) Intranet
13 7 (0.19%) IPsec
14 6 (0.17%) SSH
15 5 (0.14%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 910 (25.09%) SQL Server
2 175 (4.82%) Azure SQL Database
3 166 (4.58%) NoSQL
4 124 (3.42%) Relational Database
5 119 (3.28%) Power BI
6 116 (3.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 91 (2.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 90 (2.48%) PostgreSQL
9 84 (2.32%) MongoDB
9 84 (2.32%) MySQL
10 62 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
11 56 (1.54%) Oracle Database
12 50 (1.38%) Data Lake
13 45 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 43 (1.19%) Big Data
15 41 (1.13%) SQL Server 2012
16 35 (0.96%) SQL Server 2008
17 34 (0.94%) Redis
18 33 (0.91%) Oracle Database 12c
19 30 (0.83%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 458 (12.63%) Git (software)
2 237 (6.53%) Visual Studio
3 227 (6.26%) Jenkins
4 201 (5.54%) JIRA
5 182 (5.02%) TeamCity
6 136 (3.75%) Octopus Deploy
7 105 (2.89%) Team Foundation Server
8 88 (2.43%) Selenium
8 88 (2.43%) Subversion
9 77 (2.12%) SpecFlow
10 70 (1.93%) NUnit
11 68 (1.87%) Visual Studio Team System
12 58 (1.60%) Bitbucket
13 37 (1.02%) Oracle APEX
14 36 (0.99%) Moq
15 31 (0.85%) SonarQube
15 31 (0.85%) webpack
16 30 (0.83%) Cypress.io
17 28 (0.77%) GitLab
18 26 (0.72%) Postman
General
1 619 (17.07%) Finance
2 520 (14.34%) Social Skills
3 400 (11.03%) Banking
4 248 (6.84%) Front Office
5 212 (5.85%) Investment Banking
6 187 (5.16%) Public Sector
7 171 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
8 70 (1.93%) Retail
9 48 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
10 45 (1.24%) Back Office
11 41 (1.13%) Marketing
12 38 (1.05%) Games
13 36 (0.99%) Law
14 34 (0.94%) Telecoms
15 22 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (0.55%) Manufacturing
16 20 (0.55%) Military
17 18 (0.50%) Legal
18 15 (0.41%) Automotive
19 14 (0.39%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,396 (66.06%) Developer
2 1,182 (32.59%) .NET Developer
3 727 (20.04%) C# Developer
4 355 (9.79%) C# .NET Developer
5 279 (7.69%) Full Stack Developer
6 261 (7.20%) Software Engineer
7 229 (6.31%) Senior Developer
8 210 (5.79%) Architect
9 203 (5.60%) Azure Developer
10 162 (4.47%) React Developer
11 130 (3.58%) SQL Developer
12 129 (3.56%) Software Developer
13 124 (3.42%) Senior .NET Developer
14 109 (3.01%) Angular Developer
15 108 (2.98%) DevOps Engineer
16 105 (2.89%) Consultant
17 103 (2.84%) Solutions Architect
18 93 (2.56%) Analyst
19 87 (2.40%) Azure Engineer
20 80 (2.21%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,067 (29.42%) .NET Core
2 708 (19.52%) ASP.NET
3 678 (18.69%) AngularJS
4 603 (16.63%) .NET Framework
5 522 (14.39%) HTML
6 457 (12.60%) React
7 437 (12.05%) CSS
8 361 (9.95%) Web Services
9 344 (9.48%) ASP.NET Web API
10 247 (6.81%) RESTful
11 232 (6.40%) REST
12 213 (5.87%) HTML5
13 193 (5.32%) WPF
14 191 (5.27%) Node.js
15 182 (5.02%) Entity Framework
16 179 (4.94%) ASP.NET MVC
17 170 (4.69%) jQuery
18 167 (4.60%) XML
19 153 (4.22%) ASP.NET Core
20 139 (3.83%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 266 (7.33%) Greenfield Project
2 147 (4.05%) User Experience
3 144 (3.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 115 (3.17%) Fixed Income
5 102 (2.81%) Derivative
6 91 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
7 88 (2.43%) Cloud Native
8 80 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
9 77 (2.12%) Data Structures
10 59 (1.63%) Algorithms
10 59 (1.63%) Hedge funds
11 56 (1.54%) Mobile App
12 42 (1.16%) Public Cloud
13 32 (0.88%) Equities
14 26 (0.72%) Interest Rate Derivative
14 26 (0.72%) Management Information System
15 25 (0.69%) Data Protection Act
16 24 (0.66%) NHS
17 21 (0.58%) Market Risk
18 19 (0.52%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 337 (9.29%) Windows
2 192 (5.29%) Linux
3 63 (1.74%) Windows Server
4 47 (1.30%) Unix
5 39 (1.08%) Apple iOS
6 37 (1.02%) Android
7 25 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 24 (0.66%) CentOS
9 15 (0.41%) Windows 10
9 15 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
10 11 (0.30%) AIX
11 8 (0.22%) VMS
11 8 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
12 7 (0.19%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 6 (0.17%) Windows XP
14 5 (0.14%) CoreOS
14 5 (0.14%) Windows Server 2019
15 4 (0.11%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,360 (37.50%) Agile Software Development
2 949 (26.16%) DevOps
3 631 (17.40%) Microservices
4 574 (15.83%) Software Engineering
5 572 (15.77%) TDD
6 459 (12.66%) MVC
7 356 (9.82%) Test Automation
8 340 (9.37%) Scrum
9 283 (7.80%) Continuous Integration
10 262 (7.22%) Problem-Solving
11 256 (7.06%) Unit Testing
12 241 (6.64%) BDD
13 227 (6.26%) SDLC
14 221 (6.09%) OO
15 208 (5.73%) Migration
16 199 (5.49%) Analytics
17 186 (5.13%) Web Development
18 170 (4.69%) Continuous Improvement
19 154 (4.25%) Business Intelligence
20 145 (4.00%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,362 (65.12%) C#
2 1,318 (36.34%) SQL
3 1,007 (27.76%) JavaScript
4 493 (13.59%) Java
5 452 (12.46%) Python
6 332 (9.15%) TypeScript
7 248 (6.84%) C++
8 243 (6.70%) PowerShell
9 171 (4.71%) T-SQL
10 156 (4.30%) PL/SQL
11 114 (3.14%) VB.NET
12 76 (2.10%) Go
13 59 (1.63%) VB
14 50 (1.38%) PHP
15 47 (1.30%) C
16 44 (1.21%) Ruby
17 42 (1.16%) Bash Shell
18 33 (0.91%) Shell Script
19 32 (0.88%) VBA
20 31 (0.85%) Scala
Qualifications
1 209 (5.76%) Security Cleared
2 159 (4.38%) Degree
3 153 (4.22%) SC Cleared
4 32 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (0.47%) ISTQB
6 15 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (0.41%) DV Cleared
6 15 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
6 15 (0.41%) PhD
7 12 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.25%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.11%) ISEB
10 4 (0.11%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.083%) BC Cleared
11 3 (0.083%) CISA
11 3 (0.083%) CISSP
11 3 (0.083%) MCSE
11 3 (0.083%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.055%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 165 (4.55%) QA
2 35 (0.96%) Accessibility
3 16 (0.44%) WCAG
4 14 (0.39%) PCI DSS
5 11 (0.30%) SLA
6 10 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 10 (0.28%) NIST
7 8 (0.22%) GDPR
8 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.11%) HL7
10 3 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 2 (0.055%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.028%) Actionable Recommendations
12 1 (0.028%) COBIT
12 1 (0.028%) Def Stans
12 1 (0.028%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.028%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.028%) GRC
12 1 (0.028%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.028%) NCSC
System Software
1 380 (10.48%) Docker
2 138 (3.80%) Active Directory
3 15 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.25%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.19%) Xen
7 6 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (0.11%) LXC
8 4 (0.11%) OpenAM
8 4 (0.11%) OpenDJ
8 4 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.083%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.055%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 2 (0.055%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 2 (0.055%) Firmware
10 2 (0.055%) KVM
10 2 (0.055%) vSphere
10 2 (0.055%) XenApp
11 1 (0.028%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.028%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 370 (10.20%) Kubernetes
2 213 (5.87%) Terraform
3 112 (3.09%) Ansible
4 57 (1.57%) Prometheus
5 49 (1.35%) Puppet
6 47 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
7 45 (1.24%) Grafana
8 21 (0.58%) Microsoft Intune
9 19 (0.52%) MIIS
9 19 (0.52%) Nagios
10 17 (0.47%) ZABBIX
11 15 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (0.33%) SCCM
13 11 (0.30%) HP Fortify
14 10 (0.28%) CA Single Sign-On
14 10 (0.28%) Rancher
15 8 (0.22%) Istio
15 8 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.22%) SCOM
16 7 (0.19%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 711 (19.60%) Microsoft
2 424 (11.69%) Oracle
3 72 (1.99%) Google
3 72 (1.99%) SAP
4 50 (1.38%) MuleSoft
5 49 (1.35%) Databricks
6 47 (1.30%) Splunk
7 44 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
8 37 (1.02%) IBM
9 36 (0.99%) DevExpress
10 34 (0.94%) Sitecore
11 29 (0.80%) Xamarin
12 26 (0.72%) New Relic
12 26 (0.72%) ServiceNow
12 26 (0.72%) Telerik
12 26 (0.72%) VMware
13 22 (0.61%) FIS
13 22 (0.61%) SunGard
14 21 (0.58%) TIBCO
15 20 (0.55%) Red Hat