Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 274 190 236
Rank change year-on-year -84 +46 -44
Contract jobs citing Middleware 720 526 1,129
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.01% 1.40% 1.22%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.36% 4.60% 3.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 488 384 677
10th Percentile £412 £380 £363
25th Percentile £481 £425 £417
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £518 £513
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +0.98% -2.38%
75th Percentile £651 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £481
% change year-on-year +5.26% -1.30% -3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 12 9
10th Percentile £28.45 £42.00 £41.45
25th Percentile £39.81 £44.25 £43.75
Median hourly rate £48.13 £58.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year -17.03% +26.09% +16.83%
75th Percentile £50.19 £66.69 £60.00
90th Percentile £52.33 £68.75 £60.27
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.13 £50.00 £45.50
% change year-on-year -3.75% +9.89% +54.24%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,417 11,430 29,514
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.15% 30.46% 31.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,335 8,088 20,809
10th Percentile £356 £335 £333
25th Percentile £415 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £694 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +4.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 192 101 276
10th Percentile £15.10 £20.50 £17.82
25th Percentile £27.00 £30.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year - +0.09% +8.25%
75th Percentile £57.50 £58.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.71 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year -0.58% -2.84% +10.00%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -72 592 £600 +14.29% 164
London -39 369 £638 +15.91% 82
UK excluding London -107 225 £500 +5.26% 91
Work from Home -139 175 £575 +9.52% 19
South East -25 97 £575 +20.46% 25
North of England -29 43 £440 -2.22% 20
North West -19 32 £370 -17.78% 14
Scotland -50 30 £425 - 8
Midlands -33 24 £498 +2.05% 20
West Midlands -38 13 £500 +11.11% 14
South West -53 13 £675 +28.57% 6
East Midlands -7 11 £475 -13.64% 5
Yorkshire -13 11 £513 +57.69% 6
East of England -37 11 £430 -14.00% 6
Northern Ireland -6 6 £450 - 1
Wales -19 1 £420 -21.86% 5

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 279 (38.75%) Java
2 247 (34.31%) Agile Software Development
3 208 (28.89%) Social Skills
4 203 (28.19%) Linux
5 185 (25.69%) Oracle
6 184 (25.56%) Banking
7 154 (21.39%) Finance
8 142 (19.72%) Unix
9 141 (19.58%) SQL
10 134 (18.61%) Spring
11 131 (18.19%) Windows
12 128 (17.78%) DevOps
13 119 (16.53%) Investment Banking
14 114 (15.83%) Migration
15 108 (15.00%) Azure
16 105 (14.58%) REST
17 104 (14.44%) Front Office
18 100 (13.89%) AWS
19 95 (13.19%) Python
20 86 (11.94%) Apache Camel
21 82 (11.39%) Analytical Skills
22 79 (10.97%) Relational Database
22 79 (10.97%) Microsoft
23 78 (10.83%) VMware
23 78 (10.83%) Microservices
24 77 (10.69%) Web Services
25 72 (10.00%) JavaScript
25 72 (10.00%) VMware Infrastructure
26 71 (9.86%) Mule
27 67 (9.31%) Security Cleared

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (9.86%) Mule
2 55 (7.64%) WebSphere
3 52 (7.22%) Apache
4 48 (6.67%) JBoss
5 46 (6.39%) Red Hat Fuse
6 44 (6.11%) WebLogic
7 39 (5.42%) Confluence
8 36 (5.00%) Tomcat
9 27 (3.75%) WebSphere Application Server
10 22 (3.06%) SharePoint
11 15 (2.08%) IIS
11 15 (2.08%) NetWeaver
12 11 (1.53%) CMS
13 10 (1.39%) Oracle Service Bus
13 10 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (1.11%) SAS
14 8 (1.11%) WebLogic Portal
15 7 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (0.97%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 18 (2.50%) Microsoft Project
2 12 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 11 (1.53%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 12 (1.67%) SAP EM
2 7 (0.97%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.97%) SAP CRM
2 7 (0.97%) SAP ERP
3 6 (0.83%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.56%) Magento
5 4 (0.56%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.56%) Remedy AR System
5 4 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.42%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.42%) SAP APO
6 3 (0.42%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.28%) Eikon
7 2 (0.28%) Infor M3
7 2 (0.28%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.28%) SAP GTS
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 108 (15.00%) Azure
2 100 (13.89%) AWS
3 40 (5.56%) SaaS
4 35 (4.86%) GCP
5 26 (3.61%) Force.com
6 25 (3.47%) IaaS
7 24 (3.33%) PaaS
8 20 (2.78%) GitHub
9 18 (2.50%) OpenShift
10 17 (2.36%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 17 (2.36%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 16 (2.22%) Azure Active Directory
12 14 (1.94%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 12 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (1.39%) Microsoft 365
15 9 (1.25%) Power Platform
16 8 (1.11%) npm
16 8 (1.11%) SuccessFactors
17 6 (0.83%) Serverless
18 5 (0.69%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 35 (4.86%) SAN
2 28 (3.89%) NAS
3 25 (3.47%) WAN
4 24 (3.33%) Firewall
4 24 (3.33%) HTTP
5 20 (2.78%) LAN
6 13 (1.81%) Multicast
7 12 (1.67%) iSCSI
7 12 (1.67%) SSL
8 11 (1.53%) Cisco Nexus
8 11 (1.53%) FCoE
8 11 (1.53%) Fibre Channel
9 10 (1.39%) DNS
10 9 (1.25%) FTP
11 8 (1.11%) Network Security
11 8 (1.11%) VoIP
12 7 (0.97%) VPN
13 6 (0.83%) DHCP
14 5 (0.69%) HTTPS
14 5 (0.69%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (10.97%) Relational Database
2 64 (8.89%) SQL Server
3 44 (6.11%) Oracle Database
4 35 (4.86%) MySQL
5 26 (3.61%) NoSQL
6 19 (2.64%) MongoDB
7 17 (2.36%) DB2
8 10 (1.39%) Apache Cassandra
8 10 (1.39%) Big Data
8 10 (1.39%) Oracle Reports
8 10 (1.39%) SAP HANA
9 9 (1.25%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (1.25%) Power BI
10 7 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (0.83%) BusinessObjects
11 6 (0.83%) Hadoop
11 6 (0.83%) HBase
11 6 (0.83%) Tableau
12 5 (0.69%) SAP BW
13 4 (0.56%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 58 (8.06%) Jenkins
2 55 (7.64%) JIRA
3 52 (7.22%) Git (software)
4 33 (4.58%) Maven
5 29 (4.03%) Subversion
6 22 (3.06%) JUnit
7 20 (2.78%) Cucumber
8 18 (2.50%) jMock
9 17 (2.36%) Selenium
9 17 (2.36%) Sonatype Nexus
10 15 (2.08%) GitLab
11 14 (1.94%) Jasmine
12 10 (1.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 10 (1.39%) Bitbucket
12 10 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
13 7 (0.97%) Artifactory
13 7 (0.97%) Gradle
13 7 (0.97%) SoapUI
14 6 (0.83%) JMeter
14 6 (0.83%) Mocha
General
1 208 (28.89%) Social Skills
2 184 (25.56%) Banking
3 154 (21.39%) Finance
4 119 (16.53%) Investment Banking
5 104 (14.44%) Front Office
6 82 (11.39%) Analytical Skills
7 21 (2.92%) Public Sector
8 18 (2.50%) Telecoms
9 17 (2.36%) Influencing Skills
9 17 (2.36%) Marketing
10 16 (2.22%) Retail
11 12 (1.67%) Billing
12 11 (1.53%) Financial Institution
13 10 (1.39%) Legal
14 8 (1.11%) Back Office
14 8 (1.11%) Law
14 8 (1.11%) Presentation Skills
15 7 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.83%) Manufacturing
17 5 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 211 (29.31%) Developer
2 194 (26.94%) Architect
3 133 (18.47%) Java Developer
4 70 (9.72%) Solutions Architect
5 67 (9.31%) Integration Developer
6 49 (6.81%) Analyst
7 44 (6.11%) Infrastructure Architect
8 38 (5.28%) Consultant
8 38 (5.28%) Project Manager
9 34 (4.72%) Cloud Architect
10 32 (4.44%) Senior Developer
11 29 (4.03%) Senior Java Developer
12 28 (3.89%) Front Office Developer
13 22 (3.06%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
13 22 (3.06%) Technical Architect
14 21 (2.92%) Electronic Trading Developer
14 21 (2.92%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
14 21 (2.92%) Enterprise Integration Developer
14 21 (2.92%) Investment Banking Java Developer
14 21 (2.92%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (18.61%) Spring
2 105 (14.58%) REST
3 86 (11.94%) Apache Camel
4 77 (10.69%) Web Services
5 63 (8.75%) SOAP
6 62 (8.61%) J2EE
7 58 (8.06%) JTA
7 58 (8.06%) JTS
8 56 (7.78%) Spring Integration
9 54 (7.50%) AngularJS
10 48 (6.67%) Oracle Fusion
11 46 (6.39%) JMS
12 45 (6.25%) XML
13 40 (5.56%) HTML
13 40 (5.56%) Node.js
14 39 (5.42%) Hibernate
15 33 (4.58%) Kafka
16 32 (4.44%) JSON
17 29 (4.03%) Java EE
18 27 (3.75%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 48 (6.67%) Fixed Income
2 45 (6.25%) Enterprise Software
3 43 (5.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 34 (4.72%) Equities
5 31 (4.31%) Data Centre
6 30 (4.17%) Cloud Native
7 24 (3.33%) Clustering
8 21 (2.92%) User Experience
9 20 (2.78%) Greenfield Project
10 19 (2.64%) Public Cloud
11 18 (2.50%) Management Information System
12 16 (2.22%) Hedge funds
13 15 (2.08%) Data Protection Act
13 15 (2.08%) Private Cloud
14 14 (1.94%) Derivative
14 14 (1.94%) Replication
15 12 (1.67%) Mainframe
16 11 (1.53%) PKI
17 10 (1.39%) iSeries
17 10 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 203 (28.19%) Linux
2 142 (19.72%) Unix
3 131 (18.19%) Windows
4 37 (5.14%) Windows Server
5 19 (2.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (2.36%) Solaris
7 15 (2.08%) Apple iOS
8 13 (1.81%) AIX
9 6 (0.83%) Android
9 6 (0.83%) zOS
10 5 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.56%) Oracle Linux
11 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.28%) SUSE
12 2 (0.28%) VMS
12 2 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.28%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.14%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 247 (34.31%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (17.78%) DevOps
3 114 (15.83%) Migration
4 78 (10.83%) Microservices
5 62 (8.61%) SOA
6 61 (8.47%) Problem-Solving
7 60 (8.33%) Continuous Integration
8 59 (8.19%) Scrum
9 58 (8.06%) ITIL
10 54 (7.50%) High Availability
10 54 (7.50%) Multithreading
11 53 (7.36%) OO
11 53 (7.36%) Project Management
11 53 (7.36%) Test Automation
12 47 (6.53%) Analytics
12 47 (6.53%) Software Engineering
13 44 (6.11%) Enterprise Architecture
14 41 (5.69%) SDLC
14 41 (5.69%) UML
15 40 (5.56%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 279 (38.75%) Java
2 141 (19.58%) SQL
3 95 (13.19%) Python
4 72 (10.00%) JavaScript
5 33 (4.58%) C++
6 30 (4.17%) Shell Script
7 27 (3.75%) Apex Code
8 25 (3.47%) C#
9 23 (3.19%) Java 8
10 20 (2.78%) C
11 19 (2.64%) PL/SQL
12 18 (2.50%) Java 9
13 17 (2.36%) TypeScript
14 13 (1.81%) Perl
15 12 (1.67%) PowerShell
16 10 (1.39%) Bash Shell
17 8 (1.11%) ES6
18 7 (0.97%) Ruby
19 6 (0.83%) Groovy
20 5 (0.69%) R
Qualifications
1 67 (9.31%) Security Cleared
2 53 (7.36%) Degree
3 51 (7.08%) SC Cleared
4 31 (4.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (2.92%) TOGAF Certification
6 17 (2.36%) Master's Degree
7 16 (2.22%) DV Cleared
8 8 (1.11%) CISSP
8 8 (1.11%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.83%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 6 (0.83%) PMP
10 4 (0.56%) GIAC
11 3 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.14%) APMP
12 1 (0.14%) CEH
12 1 (0.14%) CFA
12 1 (0.14%) CRISC
12 1 (0.14%) RHCA
12 1 (0.14%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (4.72%) QA
2 14 (1.94%) GDPR
3 10 (1.39%) PCI DSS
4 7 (0.97%) Accessibility
4 7 (0.97%) COBIT
4 7 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.69%) MiFID
6 4 (0.56%) GxP
6 4 (0.56%) NIST
6 4 (0.56%) PMO
6 4 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.42%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.42%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.28%) SSAE 16
9 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.14%) HL7
9 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 72 (10.00%) VMware Infrastructure
2 47 (6.53%) Docker
3 41 (5.69%) Hyper-V
4 34 (4.72%) Active Directory
5 21 (2.92%) Microsoft App-V
5 21 (2.92%) XenApp
6 13 (1.81%) KVM
7 12 (1.67%) NFS
8 11 (1.53%) SRDF
8 11 (1.53%) Xen
9 9 (1.25%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (1.25%) PowerHA
10 8 (1.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.56%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.42%) vCloud
13 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
14 1 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 65 (9.03%) Kubernetes
2 36 (5.00%) Ansible
3 21 (2.92%) Terraform
4 19 (2.64%) Puppet
5 16 (2.22%) HP Quality Center
6 13 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (1.67%) Data Guard
8 8 (1.11%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 7 (0.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 7 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.83%) BladeLogic
10 6 (0.83%) ITRS Geneos
11 5 (0.69%) CA Wily
11 5 (0.69%) MOM
12 4 (0.56%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.56%) SCCM
12 4 (0.56%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 3 (0.42%) IBM BigFix
13 3 (0.42%) Istio
13 3 (0.42%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 185 (25.69%) Oracle
2 79 (10.97%) Microsoft
3 78 (10.83%) VMware
4 63 (8.75%) SAP
5 62 (8.61%) IBM
6 50 (6.94%) Salesforce.com
7 48 (6.67%) MuleSoft
8 34 (4.72%) Sybase
9 33 (4.58%) Citrix
10 31 (4.31%) Red Hat
11 30 (4.17%) TIBCO
12 20 (2.78%) ION Trading
13 19 (2.64%) Cisco
13 19 (2.64%) Google
13 19 (2.64%) HP
14 13 (1.81%) EMC
15 12 (1.67%) Solace
16 11 (1.53%) NetApp
17 10 (1.39%) Splunk
18 9 (1.25%) ServiceNow