Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 219 198 179
Rank change year-on-year -21 -19 -34
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1,160 1,396 1,327
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.38% 1.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.93% 4.13% 4.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 688 857 840
UK median daily rate £523 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.48% +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £381 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -2.50% +5.26% +9.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 11
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £34.44 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.58% -18.97% +21.43%
10th Percentile £39.20 £22.00 £15.08
90th Percentile £60.00 £63.06 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.25 £29.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +53.39% +18.00% -10.71%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,490 33,804 29,468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.35% 33.44% 32.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,629 23,757 20,403
UK median daily rate £489 £470 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.04% +5.62% +4.71%
10th Percentile £331 £315 £303
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +7.23% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 346 380
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.88 £41.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.47% +1.84% +9.67%
10th Percentile £18.24 £15.00 £15.93
90th Percentile £60.00 £62.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,062 £525 - 83
UK excluding London -8 727 £488 -2.50% 60
London -20 409 £588 +4.44% 28
South East -18 247 £475 -5.00% 22
East of England -19 113 £525 - 13
Midlands +8 98 £515 -2.83% 6
South West +43 92 £500 +14.94% 5
North of England -16 92 £425 - 9
Scotland +44 67 £430 +1.18% 4
West Midlands -34 57 £556 +4.95% 2
North West -12 47 £435 -3.33% 1
East Midlands +48 41 £450 -1.10% 4
Yorkshire -11 32 £488 +21.88% 5
Wales -3 15 £475 +6.68% 1
North East +30 12 £400 -28.89% 3
Channel Islands - 3 - -
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 413 (35.60%) Agile Software Development
2 411 (35.43%) Java
3 335 (28.88%) Oracle
4 334 (28.79%) Finance
5 288 (24.83%) Linux
6 255 (21.98%) SQL
7 220 (18.97%) SOA
8 217 (18.71%) Web Services
9 182 (15.69%) Unix
10 179 (15.43%) Windows
11 172 (14.83%) DevOps
12 165 (14.22%) SOAP
13 163 (14.05%) TDD
13 163 (14.05%) Amazon AWS
14 151 (13.02%) Microsoft Azure
15 150 (12.93%) Jenkins
16 147 (12.67%) XML
17 146 (12.59%) SAP
18 145 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
19 137 (11.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 135 (11.64%) RESTful
21 132 (11.38%) IBM
21 132 (11.38%) Microsoft
22 128 (11.03%) Migration
23 125 (10.78%) Python
24 124 (10.69%) Git (software)
25 123 (10.60%) Business Intelligence
25 123 (10.60%) Banking
26 122 (10.52%) .NET
27 120 (10.34%) Security Cleared

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (11.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 115 (9.91%) WebLogic
3 103 (8.88%) Apache
4 93 (8.02%) Oracle Service Bus
5 89 (7.67%) JBoss
6 88 (7.59%) Mule
7 81 (6.98%) WebSphere
8 50 (4.31%) Tomcat
9 44 (3.79%) IIS
10 35 (3.02%) WebSphere Application Server
11 23 (1.98%) Confluence
12 22 (1.90%) OpenStack
13 18 (1.55%) SharePoint
14 13 (1.12%) Apache Spark
14 13 (1.12%) GlassFish
15 11 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
15 11 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
16 10 (0.86%) IBM HTTP Server
17 9 (0.78%) JCAPS
18 8 (0.69%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 13 (1.12%) MS Visio
2 11 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.17%) InVision
6 2 (0.17%) Sketch
7 1 (0.086%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.086%) Notepad++
7 1 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 31 (2.67%) Oracle BPM
2 30 (2.59%) Oracle EBS
3 21 (1.81%) Oracle Applications
3 21 (1.81%) Oracle EBS R12
4 14 (1.21%) SAP Hybris
5 13 (1.12%) Maximo
6 12 (1.03%) BusinessWorks
6 12 (1.03%) SAP ERP
7 9 (0.78%) Oracle Financials
8 7 (0.60%) Actimize
8 7 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.60%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
10 4 (0.34%) Relativity
11 3 (0.26%) ION MarketView
11 3 (0.26%) Oracle CRM
11 3 (0.26%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
11 3 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
11 3 (0.26%) SAP CO
11 3 (0.26%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 163 (14.05%) Amazon AWS
2 151 (13.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 72 (6.21%) OpenShift
4 68 (5.86%) PaaS
5 47 (4.05%) IaaS
6 45 (3.88%) SaaS
7 34 (2.93%) GitHub
8 19 (1.64%) Serverless
9 18 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
10 14 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (1.03%) Azure Stack
12 10 (0.86%) Apigee
12 10 (0.86%) Office 365
13 9 (0.78%) Boomi
14 7 (0.60%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 7 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
14 7 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
15 6 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
15 6 (0.52%) Azure Active Directory
15 6 (0.52%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 42 (3.62%) Firewall
2 35 (3.02%) LAN
3 34 (2.93%) HTTP
3 34 (2.93%) SSL
3 34 (2.93%) WAN
4 28 (2.41%) Internet
5 26 (2.24%) DNS
6 24 (2.07%) SAN
7 23 (1.98%) FTP
8 20 (1.72%) AMQP
9 10 (0.86%) Network Security
10 8 (0.69%) DHCP
11 7 (0.60%) Skype
11 7 (0.60%) TCP/IP
12 6 (0.52%) Intranet
13 5 (0.43%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.43%) SMTP
13 5 (0.43%) VPN
14 4 (0.34%) DMZ
14 4 (0.34%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (10.17%) SQL Server
2 102 (8.79%) Oracle Database
3 78 (6.72%) Relational Database
4 46 (3.97%) Data Warehouse
5 45 (3.88%) RDBMS
6 41 (3.53%) Big Data
6 41 (3.53%) NoSQL
6 41 (3.53%) Oracle Database 12c
7 31 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
7 31 (2.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 28 (2.41%) Oracle Database 11g
9 26 (2.24%) Hadoop
10 23 (1.98%) MongoDB
10 23 (1.98%) Oracle BI EE
11 22 (1.90%) Oracle Reports
12 20 (1.72%) Parquet
13 18 (1.55%) HBase
14 17 (1.47%) Oracle Exadata
14 17 (1.47%) Star Schema
15 15 (1.29%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 150 (12.93%) Jenkins
2 124 (10.69%) Git (software)
3 92 (7.93%) Maven
4 56 (4.83%) JIRA
5 29 (2.50%) SpecFlow
6 28 (2.41%) Selenium
7 27 (2.33%) Gradle
7 27 (2.33%) JUnit
8 24 (2.07%) Subversion
9 21 (1.81%) SoapUI
10 18 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
11 17 (1.47%) Ant
11 17 (1.47%) Cucumber
11 17 (1.47%) Eclipse
11 17 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
12 16 (1.38%) Artifactory
12 16 (1.38%) NUnit
13 14 (1.21%) Oracle Forms
14 10 (0.86%) IntelliJ
14 10 (0.86%) Visual Studio
General
1 334 (28.79%) Finance
2 123 (10.60%) Banking
3 118 (10.17%) Telecoms
4 99 (8.53%) Marketing
5 97 (8.36%) Manufacturing
6 91 (7.84%) Electronics
7 40 (3.45%) Front Office
8 38 (3.28%) Investment Banking
9 33 (2.84%) Retail
10 31 (2.67%) Financial Institution
11 30 (2.59%) Back Office
12 11 (0.95%) Billing
13 9 (0.78%) German Language
14 7 (0.60%) Advertising
14 7 (0.60%) Law
15 6 (0.52%) Aerospace
16 5 (0.43%) Wholesale Banking
17 4 (0.34%) Prime Brokerage
18 3 (0.26%) Local Government
18 3 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 362 (31.21%) Developer
2 260 (22.41%) Architect
3 170 (14.66%) Java Developer
4 91 (7.84%) Senior Developer
5 71 (6.12%) Senior Java Developer
6 67 (5.78%) DevOps Engineer
7 65 (5.60%) Analyst
8 62 (5.34%) Solutions Architect
9 56 (4.83%) Technical Architect
10 53 (4.57%) .NET Developer
10 53 (4.57%) C# Developer
11 52 (4.48%) Consultant
12 49 (4.22%) Integration Developer
13 47 (4.05%) Infrastructure Architect
14 46 (3.97%) Integration Architect
15 42 (3.62%) C# .NET Developer
15 42 (3.62%) Middleware Engineer
16 40 (3.45%) Administrator
17 34 (2.93%) Middleware Developer
18 29 (2.50%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 217 (18.71%) Web Services
2 165 (14.22%) SOAP
3 147 (12.67%) XML
4 135 (11.64%) RESTful
5 122 (10.52%) .NET
6 117 (10.09%) JSON
7 110 (9.48%) Spring
8 108 (9.31%) Oracle Fusion
9 102 (8.79%) REST
10 91 (7.84%) Apache Camel
11 80 (6.90%) J2EE
12 61 (5.26%) RabbitMQ
13 55 (4.74%) Java EE
14 53 (4.57%) HTML
15 50 (4.31%) JMS
16 47 (4.05%) XSLT
17 45 (3.88%) Kafka
18 38 (3.28%) Swagger
19 36 (3.10%) Apache Avro
20 34 (2.93%) React
Miscellaneous
1 102 (8.79%) Analytical Skills
2 82 (7.07%) Greenfield Project
3 69 (5.95%) Data Centre
4 59 (5.09%) Enterprise Software
5 53 (4.57%) Mainframe
6 44 (3.79%) Management Information System
7 31 (2.67%) Virtual Team
8 30 (2.59%) Data Structures
9 29 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
10 28 (2.41%) Derivative
11 27 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
12 26 (2.24%) DataPower
13 25 (2.16%) Fixed Income
13 25 (2.16%) Public Cloud
14 24 (2.07%) Clustering
15 20 (1.72%) Hedge funds
16 19 (1.64%) Cloud Native
17 18 (1.55%) Data Protection Act
18 16 (1.38%) PKI
18 16 (1.38%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 288 (24.83%) Linux
2 182 (15.69%) Unix
3 179 (15.43%) Windows
4 85 (7.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (4.57%) AIX
6 42 (3.62%) Windows Server
7 40 (3.45%) Solaris
8 30 (2.59%) CentOS
9 17 (1.47%) Oracle Linux
10 14 (1.21%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.86%) Android
12 7 (0.60%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.43%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.34%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.26%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.17%) zOS
17 1 (0.086%) Embedded Linux
17 1 (0.086%) Kali Linux
17 1 (0.086%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 413 (35.60%) Agile Software Development
2 220 (18.97%) SOA
3 172 (14.83%) DevOps
4 163 (14.05%) TDD
5 145 (12.50%) Continuous Integration
6 128 (11.03%) Migration
7 123 (10.60%) Business Intelligence
8 112 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
9 96 (8.28%) Microservices
10 93 (8.02%) Programme Management
11 92 (7.93%) Digital Marketing
12 91 (7.84%) Scrum
13 84 (7.24%) Test Automation
14 80 (6.90%) ITIL
15 75 (6.47%) Performance Tuning
15 75 (6.47%) Unit Testing
16 63 (5.43%) Project Management
17 59 (5.09%) Configuration Management
17 59 (5.09%) SDLC
18 57 (4.91%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 411 (35.43%) Java
2 255 (21.98%) SQL
3 125 (10.78%) Python
4 99 (8.53%) Shell Script
5 94 (8.10%) C#
6 82 (7.07%) Java 8
7 68 (5.86%) JavaScript
8 59 (5.09%) C++
9 49 (4.22%) PowerShell
10 42 (3.62%) Bash Shell
11 41 (3.53%) XPath
12 39 (3.36%) Ruby
13 37 (3.19%) PL/SQL
14 30 (2.59%) Perl
15 24 (2.07%) VB.NET
16 23 (1.98%) C
17 16 (1.38%) F#
17 16 (1.38%) Groovy
18 11 (0.95%) VB
19 10 (0.86%) Scala
Qualifications
1 120 (10.34%) Security Cleared
2 90 (7.76%) SC Cleared
3 65 (5.60%) Degree
4 38 (3.28%) DV Cleared
5 11 (0.95%) ITIL Certification
6 10 (0.86%) CISSP
6 10 (0.86%) TOGAF Certification
7 8 (0.69%) ACCA
7 8 (0.69%) CISM
7 8 (0.69%) RHCSA
8 7 (0.60%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.43%) SANS
10 4 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.34%) CISA
10 4 (0.34%) CISMP
10 4 (0.34%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.34%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.34%) Sun Certification
11 3 (0.26%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (4.48%) QA
2 13 (1.12%) SLA
3 12 (1.03%) GDPR
4 9 (0.78%) PCI DSS
4 9 (0.78%) PSD2
5 7 (0.60%) SEPA
6 4 (0.34%) PMO
7 2 (0.17%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.17%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.17%) EMIR
7 2 (0.17%) GAMP
7 2 (0.17%) MiFID
7 2 (0.17%) NIST
8 1 (0.086%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.086%) FATCA
8 1 (0.086%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.086%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.086%) JTAG
8 1 (0.086%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 109 (9.40%) Docker
2 88 (7.59%) Active Directory
3 45 (3.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (2.67%) Oracle RAC
5 22 (1.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 22 (1.90%) Microsoft App-V
6 20 (1.72%) HDFS
6 20 (1.72%) XenApp
7 9 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
8 8 (0.69%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.26%) NFS
9 3 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.17%) NDS
10 2 (0.17%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 2 (0.17%) vSphere
11 1 (0.086%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 1 (0.086%) Firmware
11 1 (0.086%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 1 (0.086%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.086%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 107 (9.22%) Ansible
2 82 (7.07%) Puppet
3 51 (4.40%) Kubernetes
4 43 (3.71%) Opscode Chef
5 29 (2.50%) Terraform
6 27 (2.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 19 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
8 16 (1.38%) Data Guard
8 16 (1.38%) Oracle RMAN
9 12 (1.03%) vRealize
10 11 (0.95%) Consul
10 11 (0.95%) SCCM
11 10 (0.86%) Control-M
11 10 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
12 8 (0.69%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.69%) Nagios
12 8 (0.69%) Packer
12 8 (0.69%) Tivoli
13 7 (0.60%) HAProxy
13 7 (0.60%) SCOM
Vendors
1 335 (28.88%) Oracle
2 146 (12.59%) SAP
3 132 (11.38%) IBM
3 132 (11.38%) Microsoft
4 93 (8.02%) VMware
5 92 (7.93%) Red Hat
6 90 (7.76%) WSO2
7 43 (3.71%) Talend
7 43 (3.71%) TIBCO
8 32 (2.76%) Google
9 29 (2.50%) Citrix
10 25 (2.16%) NetApp
11 23 (1.98%) Cisco
11 23 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
11 23 (1.98%) Splunk
12 22 (1.90%) MuleSoft
12 22 (1.90%) ServiceNow
13 19 (1.64%) HP
14 17 (1.47%) hybris
15 15 (1.29%) EMC