Period
to 23 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 23 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
23 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 157 153 147
Rank change year-on-year -4 -6 +26
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1512 1853 1862
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.57% 1.71% 1.65%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.89% 5.94% 6.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 939 1144 1125
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £370 £320 £325
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 37 25
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £35.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.43% -7.89% -5.00%
10th Percentile £15.08 £24.00 £24.75
90th Percentile £50.50 £42.50 £40.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £28.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year -10.71% -28.21% -5.45%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30904 31195 30918
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.18% 28.85% 27.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 21330 21821 20570
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £294 £269
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £385 £375
% change year-on-year +3.90% +2.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 373 479
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.59% -1.46% +5.83%
10th Percentile £15.03 £12.25 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.80 £50.00 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.04
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.81% +8.94%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 23 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 1423 £513 +7.89% 108
UK excluding London -9 882 £488 +8.33% 71
London -28 578 £550 +10.00% 44
East of England +50 276 £513 +0.49% 11
South East -2 222 £450 -5.26% 16
North of England -73 157 £448 +5.29% 19
Midlands +6 123 £530 +17.78% 8
North West -31 120 £450 +5.26% 11
West Midlands +65 87 £540 +22.73% 8
South West -19 48 £475 -5.00% 10
Scotland -12 42 £445 +4.71% 6
East Midlands -54 36 £425 -10.53%
Yorkshire -54 22 £441 -7.11% 7
North East -4 15 £375 +35.14% 1
Wales -3 8 £450 -10.00% 1
Northern Ireland -48 6 £400 +33.33%

For the 6 months to 23 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 593 (39.22%) Agile Software Development
2 507 (33.53%) Finance
3 488 (32.28%) Linux
4 458 (30.29%) Java
5 415 (27.45%) Oracle
6 388 (25.66%) SOA
7 356 (23.54%) Unix
8 327 (21.63%) TDD
9 299 (19.78%) SQL
10 283 (18.72%) DevOps
11 278 (18.39%) XML
12 277 (18.32%) Scrum
13 268 (17.72%) Windows
14 245 (16.20%) Banking
15 225 (14.88%) JSON
16 223 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
17 215 (14.22%) Jenkins
18 207 (13.69%) XSLT
19 183 (12.10%) Git (software)
19 183 (12.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 176 (11.64%) WSO2
21 174 (11.51%) IBM
22 169 (11.18%) Apache Camel
23 167 (11.04%) SQL Server
24 166 (10.98%) Maven
25 164 (10.85%) Web Services
26 162 (10.71%) SAP
27 154 (10.19%) Business Intelligence
27 154 (10.19%) Test Automation
28 148 (9.79%) Telecoms

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (12.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 127 (8.40%) Apache
2 127 (8.40%) Mule
2 127 (8.40%) WebSphere
3 125 (8.27%) JBoss
4 107 (7.08%) Oracle Service Bus
5 106 (7.01%) Tomcat
6 86 (5.69%) WebLogic
7 59 (3.90%) IIS
8 46 (3.04%) WebSphere Application Server
9 42 (2.78%) Confluence
10 40 (2.65%) MQSeries
11 30 (1.98%) SharePoint
12 29 (1.92%) Apache Spark
13 23 (1.52%) BizTalk Server
14 22 (1.46%) Elasticsearch
15 20 (1.32%) OpenStack
15 20 (1.32%) WildFly
16 19 (1.26%) CICS
16 19 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 29 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 18 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.99%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.33%) HipChat
5 5 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.13%) InfoPath
6 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.066%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 25 (1.65%) Oracle EBS
2 14 (0.93%) Oracle BPM
3 11 (0.73%) Oracle Applications
3 11 (0.73%) Oracle ERP
3 11 (0.73%) Oracle Utilities
4 8 (0.53%) ION MarketView
4 8 (0.53%) Oracle 11i
5 7 (0.46%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.46%) Markit EDM
5 7 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
5 7 (0.46%) RMDS
5 7 (0.46%) Siebel CRM
6 6 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.40%) Eagle PACE
7 4 (0.26%) Maximo
7 4 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
8 3 (0.20%) IntelliMatch
8 3 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.20%) Pega PRPC
8 3 (0.20%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 129 (8.53%) Amazon AWS
2 90 (5.95%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (4.50%) PaaS
4 45 (2.98%) IaaS
5 44 (2.91%) OpenShift
6 38 (2.51%) SaaS
7 25 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
8 24 (1.59%) GitHub
9 22 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
9 22 (1.46%) Google Cloud Platform
10 9 (0.60%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 6 (0.40%) IBM Cloud
12 5 (0.33%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (0.33%) Bluemix
13 4 (0.26%) Office 365
14 3 (0.20%) Amazon S3
14 3 (0.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 2 (0.13%) Amazon SQS
15 2 (0.13%) Force.com
15 2 (0.13%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 113 (7.47%) SSL
2 108 (7.14%) HTTP
3 78 (5.16%) TCP/IP
4 45 (2.98%) Firewall
5 36 (2.38%) LDAP
6 34 (2.25%) SSH
7 32 (2.12%) DNS
8 26 (1.72%) WAN
9 25 (1.65%) Kerberos
10 23 (1.52%) Internet
11 22 (1.46%) LAN
12 20 (1.32%) SAN
13 16 (1.06%) Network Security
14 14 (0.93%) FTP
15 13 (0.86%) VPN
16 11 (0.73%) AMQP
16 11 (0.73%) SNMP
17 9 (0.60%) NAS
18 8 (0.53%) DHCP
18 8 (0.53%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (11.04%) SQL Server
2 140 (9.26%) Relational Database
3 77 (5.09%) Oracle Database
4 65 (4.30%) MySQL
5 63 (4.17%) Hadoop
6 53 (3.51%) RDBMS
7 41 (2.71%) Big Data
7 41 (2.71%) DB2
7 41 (2.71%) NoSQL
8 34 (2.25%) Ingres
8 34 (2.25%) Oracle Database 11g
9 30 (1.98%) Data Mining
10 23 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
10 23 (1.52%) MongoDB
10 23 (1.52%) Oracle Database 12c
11 21 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
12 20 (1.32%) HBase
13 19 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
14 18 (1.19%) Hazelcast
15 16 (1.06%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 215 (14.22%) Jenkins
2 183 (12.10%) Git (software)
3 166 (10.98%) Maven
4 133 (8.80%) Subversion
5 77 (5.09%) JIRA
6 65 (4.30%) SoapUI
7 52 (3.44%) JUnit
8 29 (1.92%) Gradle
9 22 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
10 20 (1.32%) Artifactory
10 20 (1.32%) Cucumber
10 20 (1.32%) Sonatype Nexus
11 19 (1.26%) Eclipse
11 19 (1.26%) Selenium
12 17 (1.12%) Bitbucket
13 16 (1.06%) TeamCity
14 15 (0.99%) Ant
14 15 (0.99%) Oracle APEX
15 13 (0.86%) JMeter
15 13 (0.86%) NUnit
General
1 507 (33.53%) Finance
2 245 (16.20%) Banking
3 148 (9.79%) Telecoms
4 127 (8.40%) Manufacturing
5 126 (8.33%) Electronics
6 124 (8.20%) Marketing
7 72 (4.76%) Investment Banking
8 60 (3.97%) Front Office
9 33 (2.18%) Retail
10 13 (0.86%) Prime Brokerage
11 12 (0.79%) Legal
12 10 (0.66%) Billing
12 10 (0.66%) Law
13 9 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 8 (0.53%) Automotive
15 7 (0.46%) Back Office
16 5 (0.33%) Advertising
16 5 (0.33%) Publishing
17 4 (0.26%) Military
18 3 (0.20%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 546 (36.11%) Developer
2 215 (14.22%) Architect
3 189 (12.50%) Java Developer
4 152 (10.05%) Analyst
5 119 (7.87%) Consultant
6 117 (7.74%) Senior Developer
7 101 (6.68%) Integration Developer
8 98 (6.48%) DevOps Engineer
9 80 (5.29%) Agile Developer
10 78 (5.16%) SOA Developer
11 73 (4.83%) Middleware Developer
12 59 (3.90%) Business Analyst
12 59 (3.90%) Solutions Architect
13 52 (3.44%) Middleware Engineer
14 48 (3.17%) Technical Architect
15 41 (2.71%) Lead Developer
16 40 (2.65%) Middleware Consultant
17 37 (2.45%) Scala Developer
18 36 (2.38%) Technical Analyst
19 35 (2.31%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 278 (18.39%) XML
2 225 (14.88%) JSON
3 207 (13.69%) XSLT
4 169 (11.18%) Apache Camel
5 164 (10.85%) Web Services
6 148 (9.79%) SOAP
7 137 (9.06%) Spring
8 128 (8.47%) REST
9 121 (8.00%) J2EE
10 116 (7.67%) .NET
11 97 (6.42%) HTML
12 89 (5.89%) WireMock
13 87 (5.75%) RESTful
14 80 (5.29%) Swagger
15 76 (5.03%) HTML5
16 72 (4.76%) AngularJS
17 69 (4.56%) Oracle Fusion
18 62 (4.10%) CSS
18 62 (4.10%) XSD
19 61 (4.03%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 104 (6.88%) Greenfield Project
2 78 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
3 63 (4.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 55 (3.64%) Fixed Income
5 53 (3.51%) Data Centre
6 52 (3.44%) Mainframe
7 48 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
8 41 (2.71%) Derivative
9 34 (2.25%) Computer Science
10 33 (2.18%) Equities
11 32 (2.12%) Virtual Team
12 31 (2.05%) Client/Server
13 30 (1.98%) Management Information System
14 25 (1.65%) Data Structures
14 25 (1.65%) PKI
15 23 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
16 20 (1.32%) Clustering
16 20 (1.32%) N-Tier
16 20 (1.32%) Replication
17 19 (1.26%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 488 (32.28%) Linux
2 356 (23.54%) Unix
3 268 (17.72%) Windows
4 109 (7.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 91 (6.02%) Solaris
6 65 (4.30%) AIX
7 50 (3.31%) Mac OS X
7 50 (3.31%) Windows Server
8 28 (1.85%) zOS
9 24 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
10 19 (1.26%) HPUX
10 19 (1.26%) Windows Server 2008
11 11 (0.73%) CentOS
11 11 (0.73%) Oracle Linux
12 10 (0.66%) Android
13 9 (0.60%) Apple iOS
14 8 (0.53%) SUSE
15 5 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
15 5 (0.33%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.20%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 593 (39.22%) Agile Software Development
2 388 (25.66%) SOA
3 327 (21.63%) TDD
4 283 (18.72%) DevOps
5 277 (18.32%) Scrum
6 223 (14.75%) Continuous Integration
7 154 (10.19%) Business Intelligence
7 154 (10.19%) Test Automation
8 125 (8.27%) Configuration Management
9 124 (8.20%) Programme Management
10 119 (7.87%) Digital Marketing
11 116 (7.67%) Kanban
12 110 (7.28%) Software Engineering
13 106 (7.01%) Migration
13 106 (7.01%) Multithreading
14 100 (6.61%) UML
15 99 (6.55%) Open Source
16 93 (6.15%) Mentoring
16 93 (6.15%) Microservices
17 92 (6.08%) OO
Programming Languages
1 458 (30.29%) Java
2 299 (19.78%) SQL
3 106 (7.01%) Perl
4 101 (6.68%) JavaScript
4 101 (6.68%) Shell Script
5 94 (6.22%) XPath
6 88 (5.82%) C#
7 81 (5.36%) Python
8 67 (4.43%) C++
9 53 (3.51%) Scala
10 52 (3.44%) C
11 40 (2.65%) PowerShell
12 27 (1.79%) JCL
13 26 (1.72%) PL/SQL
14 24 (1.59%) Groovy
15 22 (1.46%) ES6
16 20 (1.32%) T-SQL
17 18 (1.19%) Assembly Language
18 16 (1.06%) CLIST
18 16 (1.06%) REXX
Qualifications
1 77 (5.09%) Security Cleared
2 64 (4.23%) SC Cleared
3 57 (3.77%) Degree
4 28 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
5 18 (1.19%) CISSP
6 17 (1.12%) CISM
7 13 (0.86%) CISA
7 13 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
9 9 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
10 7 (0.46%) CCIE
11 6 (0.40%) ISEB
11 6 (0.40%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.33%) EMC Certification
12 5 (0.33%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.33%) MCSE
13 4 (0.26%) DV Cleared
14 3 (0.20%) CCSA
14 3 (0.20%) CRISC
14 3 (0.20%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (1.92%) QA
2 22 (1.46%) MiFID
3 14 (0.93%) SLA
4 12 (0.79%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.46%) JSP 440
5 7 (0.46%) SEPA
6 6 (0.40%) GCP
7 5 (0.33%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.26%) FedRAMP
8 4 (0.26%) GDPR
9 3 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.13%) EMIR
10 2 (0.13%) PMBOK
11 1 (0.066%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.066%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.066%) IFRS
11 1 (0.066%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.066%) OIPF
11 1 (0.066%) PMO
System Software
1 109 (7.21%) Docker
2 65 (4.30%) Active Directory
3 59 (3.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (1.72%) Time Sharing Option
5 24 (1.59%) Oracle RAC
6 23 (1.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 20 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
8 17 (1.12%) HDFS
9 16 (1.06%) Job Entry Subsystem
9 16 (1.06%) RACF
10 13 (0.86%) Virtual Machines
11 12 (0.79%) Hyper-V
12 9 (0.60%) KVM
13 5 (0.33%) Apache Flume
13 5 (0.33%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 5 (0.33%) vSphere
14 4 (0.26%) GFS2
14 4 (0.26%) OCFS2
14 4 (0.26%) Platform Symphony
15 3 (0.20%) Xen
Systems Management
1 130 (8.60%) Puppet
2 121 (8.00%) Ansible
3 97 (6.42%) Opscode Chef
4 49 (3.24%) Kubernetes
5 27 (1.79%) Terraform
6 17 (1.12%) Kibana
7 16 (1.06%) zSecure
8 15 (0.99%) Hadoop YARN
8 15 (0.99%) Oracle RMAN
9 14 (0.93%) NetBackup
10 13 (0.86%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 11 (0.73%) Prometheus
11 11 (0.73%) vRealize
12 10 (0.66%) Oracle Identity Management
13 9 (0.60%) Data Guard
13 9 (0.60%) Grafana
13 9 (0.60%) MOM
13 9 (0.60%) Tivoli
14 8 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (0.46%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Vendors
1 415 (27.45%) Oracle
2 176 (11.64%) WSO2
3 174 (11.51%) IBM
4 162 (10.71%) SAP
5 139 (9.19%) Microsoft
6 130 (8.60%) TIBCO
7 100 (6.61%) Red Hat
8 83 (5.49%) VMware
9 64 (4.23%) MuleSoft
10 61 (4.03%) Sybase
11 41 (2.71%) Solace
12 34 (2.25%) CA
13 32 (2.12%) Splunk
14 30 (1.98%) Citrix
15 29 (1.92%) HP
16 25 (1.65%) Salesforce.com
17 22 (1.46%) Cisco
17 22 (1.46%) Google
17 22 (1.46%) Veritas
18 19 (1.26%) Talarian