Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 170 306 183
Rank change year-on-year +136 -123 +19
Contract jobs citing Middleware 617 617 1,551
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.52% 0.84% 1.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.99% 2.81% 4.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 514 381 1,009
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £363 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 21 17
Median hourly rate £57.50 £48.42 £58.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.75% -17.58% +30.56%
10th Percentile £51.30 £31.25 £50.70
90th Percentile £61.35 £55.00 £68.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £47.41 £58.75
% change year-on-year +21.28% -19.30% +38.24%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,365 21,937 34,010
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.41% 30.01% 34.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,690 15,399 24,230
Median daily rate £485 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.02% +4.21% +3.26%
10th Percentile £313 £330 £325
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £440 £425
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 206 260
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.54% +4.61%
10th Percentile £25.00 £16.73 £18.95
90th Percentile £63.55 £78.75 £60.03
Median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £41.92
% change year-on-year +2.22% +7.34% +4.81%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +136 541 £540 +2.86% 108
London +168 364 £588 +7.60% 39
UK excluding London +50 177 £475 -5.00% 79
Work from Home -60 142 £500 +17.65% 18
South East +91 67 £511 +2.25% 20
North of England +63 33 £488 +9.24% 19
North West +50 26 £475 -3.06% 9
Midlands +62 23 £432 +5.37% 6
East of England +57 15 £470 -24.19% 10
East Midlands +42 13 £463 +20.13% 2
South West +40 13 £414 -21.14% 12
Wales +34 13 £500 - 2
Scotland +25 13 £425 -10.53% 7
West Midlands +50 9 £432 -16.12% 4
Yorkshire +27 6 £488 +14.71% 7
North East +37 1 £475 - 3

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 320 (51.86%) Java
2 203 (32.90%) Linux
3 200 (32.41%) Oracle
4 193 (31.28%) Agile Software Development
5 171 (27.71%) Spring
6 147 (23.82%) Apache Camel
7 141 (22.85%) REST
7 141 (22.85%) Finance
8 135 (21.88%) Banking
9 131 (21.23%) Unix
10 126 (20.42%) Web Services
11 125 (20.26%) SOA
12 120 (19.45%) Mule
12 120 (19.45%) Kubernetes
13 114 (18.48%) Relational Database
14 107 (17.34%) Docker
15 106 (17.18%) Microservices
16 103 (16.69%) Front Office
17 101 (16.37%) SQL
18 100 (16.21%) Spring Integration
19 99 (16.05%) Azure
20 98 (15.88%) Red Hat Fuse
21 97 (15.72%) DevOps
22 96 (15.56%) SQL Server
23 86 (13.94%) SOAP
24 85 (13.78%) Windows
25 83 (13.45%) Git (software)
26 81 (13.13%) Oracle Fusion
27 80 (12.97%) XML
28 78 (12.64%) Security Cleared

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 120 (19.45%) Mule
2 98 (15.88%) Red Hat Fuse
3 67 (10.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 63 (10.21%) JBoss
5 56 (9.08%) Confluence
6 45 (7.29%) Apache
7 38 (6.16%) WebLogic
8 35 (5.67%) Oracle Service Bus
8 35 (5.67%) WebSphere
9 34 (5.51%) IIS
10 32 (5.19%) Tomcat
11 26 (4.21%) SharePoint
12 21 (3.40%) MS Exchange
13 14 (2.27%) CMS
14 11 (1.78%) BizTalk Server
14 11 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
15 10 (1.62%) Apache ServiceMix
15 10 (1.62%) WebSphere Application Server
16 9 (1.46%) NetWeaver
16 9 (1.46%) nginx
Applications
1 6 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 7 (1.13%) Oracle BPM
1 7 (1.13%) Oracle ERP
2 6 (0.97%) Lawson
2 6 (0.97%) Oracle Applications
2 6 (0.97%) SAP CRM
3 4 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.65%) SAP IS-U
4 3 (0.49%) BusinessWorks
4 3 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.49%) Magento
4 3 (0.49%) Oracle BRM
4 3 (0.49%) Siebel CRM
5 2 (0.32%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.32%) SAP SD
5 2 (0.32%) SAP WM
5 2 (0.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 99 (16.05%) Azure
2 70 (11.35%) AWS
3 33 (5.35%) OpenShift
4 32 (5.19%) Apigee
5 27 (4.38%) Office 365
6 23 (3.73%) PaaS
6 23 (3.73%) SaaS
7 22 (3.57%) Boomi
8 19 (3.08%) GCP
9 11 (1.78%) iPaaS
9 11 (1.78%) SuccessFactors
10 10 (1.62%) Power Platform
11 8 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 8 (1.30%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 8 (1.30%) IaaS
12 7 (1.13%) Logic Apps
12 7 (1.13%) Power Automate
12 7 (1.13%) PowerApps
12 7 (1.13%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 6 (0.97%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 50 (8.10%) HTTP
2 38 (6.16%) DNS
3 24 (3.89%) Firewall
3 24 (3.89%) SSL
4 19 (3.08%) WAAS
5 15 (2.43%) TCP/IP
6 10 (1.62%) FTP
7 9 (1.46%) VPN
8 8 (1.30%) Network Security
9 6 (0.97%) MPLS
9 6 (0.97%) WAN
10 5 (0.81%) DHCP
10 5 (0.81%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.81%) PBX
10 5 (0.81%) Skype
10 5 (0.81%) VoIP
10 5 (0.81%) Wireless
11 4 (0.65%) Internet
11 4 (0.65%) Multicast
11 4 (0.65%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (18.48%) Relational Database
2 96 (15.56%) SQL Server
3 61 (9.89%) MySQL
4 44 (7.13%) Oracle Database
5 30 (4.86%) NoSQL
6 20 (3.24%) MongoDB
6 20 (3.24%) PostgreSQL
7 18 (2.92%) Oracle Database 12c
8 16 (2.59%) DB2
9 14 (2.27%) RDBMS
10 13 (2.11%) Oracle Database 11g
11 11 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
12 10 (1.62%) Oracle ODI
12 10 (1.62%) SAP HANA
13 9 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
14 8 (1.30%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (1.30%) Cosmos DB
15 7 (1.13%) Amazon Aurora
15 7 (1.13%) BusinessObjects
15 7 (1.13%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 83 (13.45%) Git (software)
2 72 (11.67%) Jenkins
3 69 (11.18%) JIRA
4 42 (6.81%) Maven
5 33 (5.35%) JUnit
6 32 (5.19%) Subversion
7 22 (3.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 21 (3.40%) Hudson
8 21 (3.40%) SonarQube
9 19 (3.08%) Cucumber
9 19 (3.08%) jMock
10 16 (2.59%) FishEye
11 13 (2.11%) Selenium
12 12 (1.94%) Artifactory
12 12 (1.94%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (1.94%) TeamCity
13 11 (1.78%) Ant
14 10 (1.62%) JMeter
14 10 (1.62%) SoapUI
15 6 (0.97%) Toad
General
1 141 (22.85%) Finance
2 135 (21.88%) Banking
3 103 (16.69%) Front Office
4 71 (11.51%) Public Sector
5 63 (10.21%) Investment Banking
6 38 (6.16%) Telecoms
7 36 (5.83%) Marketing
8 31 (5.02%) Manufacturing
9 29 (4.70%) Electronics
10 15 (2.43%) Retail
11 10 (1.62%) Back Office
12 7 (1.13%) Aerospace
12 7 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.97%) Advertising
14 5 (0.81%) Legal
15 3 (0.49%) Automotive
15 3 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 2 (0.32%) French Language
16 2 (0.32%) Law
17 1 (0.16%) German Language
Job Titles
1 271 (43.92%) Developer
2 185 (29.98%) Java Developer
3 138 (22.37%) Architect
4 99 (16.05%) Integration Developer
5 69 (11.18%) Senior Developer
5 69 (11.18%) Senior Java Developer
6 61 (9.89%) Solutions Architect
7 42 (6.81%) Senior Integration Developer
8 32 (5.19%) Analyst
9 31 (5.02%) Middleware Developer
9 31 (5.02%) Technical Architect
10 27 (4.38%) Consultant
11 23 (3.73%) Middleware Engineer
12 18 (2.92%) Java Middleware Developer
12 18 (2.92%) Lead Developer
13 15 (2.43%) Administrator
13 15 (2.43%) Infrastructure Architect
13 15 (2.43%) Oracle Developer
14 14 (2.27%) Business Analyst
15 13 (2.11%) Senior Middleware Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 171 (27.71%) Spring
2 147 (23.82%) Apache Camel
3 141 (22.85%) REST
4 126 (20.42%) Web Services
5 100 (16.21%) Spring Integration
6 86 (13.94%) SOAP
7 81 (13.13%) Oracle Fusion
8 80 (12.97%) XML
9 61 (9.89%) RESTful
10 60 (9.72%) JMS
11 58 (9.40%) HTML
12 47 (7.62%) JSON
13 45 (7.29%) XSLT
14 44 (7.13%) AngularJS
14 44 (7.13%) Hibernate
15 38 (6.16%) Java EE
16 36 (5.83%) CSS
16 36 (5.83%) HTML5
17 28 (4.54%) Spring Boot
18 27 (4.38%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 60 (9.72%) Analytical Skills
2 40 (6.48%) Clustering
3 38 (6.16%) Fixed Income
4 31 (5.02%) Enterprise Software
5 20 (3.24%) Management Information System
6 19 (3.08%) EMC VNX
7 16 (2.59%) Data Centre
8 15 (2.43%) Cloud Native
9 14 (2.27%) Equities
10 12 (1.94%) PKI
11 11 (1.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 11 (1.78%) Greenfield Project
12 9 (1.46%) DataPower
12 9 (1.46%) Mobile App
12 9 (1.46%) Public Cloud
13 8 (1.30%) Algorithms
13 8 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
14 7 (1.13%) Replication
14 7 (1.13%) User Experience
15 5 (0.81%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 203 (32.90%) Linux
2 131 (21.23%) Unix
3 85 (13.78%) Windows
4 38 (6.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (4.86%) Windows Server
6 24 (3.89%) Windows 10
7 19 (3.08%) Windows XP
8 18 (2.92%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (2.43%) Android
10 14 (2.27%) Apple iOS
11 12 (1.94%) AIX
12 9 (1.46%) Solaris
13 6 (0.97%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.97%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.49%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.49%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.32%) CentOS
15 2 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.32%) Ubuntu
16 1 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (31.28%) Agile Software Development
2 125 (20.26%) SOA
3 106 (17.18%) Microservices
4 97 (15.72%) DevOps
5 72 (11.67%) TDD
6 70 (11.35%) Problem-Solving
7 63 (10.21%) OO
8 50 (8.10%) High Availability
8 50 (8.10%) Migration
8 50 (8.10%) Scrum
9 49 (7.94%) SDLC
10 45 (7.29%) Continuous Integration
11 43 (6.97%) Business Intelligence
12 41 (6.65%) Stakeholder Management
13 38 (6.16%) Performance Tuning
14 37 (6.00%) BDD
14 37 (6.00%) Software Engineering
15 35 (5.67%) Computer Science
16 33 (5.35%) Test Automation
17 32 (5.19%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 320 (51.86%) Java
2 101 (16.37%) SQL
3 54 (8.75%) JavaScript
4 33 (5.35%) Python
5 30 (4.86%) Shell Script
6 29 (4.70%) XPath
7 28 (4.54%) Java 8
7 28 (4.54%) PL/SQL
8 22 (3.57%) Groovy
9 20 (3.24%) Perl
10 15 (2.43%) PowerShell
11 14 (2.27%) C#
12 12 (1.94%) C++
13 11 (1.78%) ES6
14 10 (1.62%) Bash Shell
14 10 (1.62%) C
15 9 (1.46%) ABAP
16 8 (1.30%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
17 7 (1.13%) Apex Code
18 6 (0.97%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 78 (12.64%) Security Cleared
2 64 (10.37%) SC Cleared
3 36 (5.83%) Degree
4 24 (3.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (2.59%) Master's Degree
6 10 (1.62%) DV Cleared
7 9 (1.46%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.97%) ISEB
9 5 (0.81%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.65%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.49%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.49%) CISSP
11 3 (0.49%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 2 (0.32%) CCSP
12 2 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.32%) Network+ Certification
12 2 (0.32%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.92%) QA
2 8 (1.30%) GDPR
3 5 (0.81%) COBIT
3 5 (0.81%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.81%) NCSC
3 5 (0.81%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.65%) SLA
5 3 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 3 (0.49%) MiFID
6 2 (0.32%) PSD2
7 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.16%) NIST
7 1 (0.16%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.16%) PMO
7 1 (0.16%) WAI
System Software
1 107 (17.34%) Docker
2 40 (6.48%) Active Directory
3 30 (4.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
6 7 (1.13%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.65%) vSphere
8 3 (0.49%) Apache Flume
8 3 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.32%) Firmware
9 2 (0.32%) GPFS
9 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (0.32%) NFS
9 2 (0.32%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.32%) Varnish
9 2 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.16%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.16%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.16%) XenApp
10 1 (0.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 120 (19.45%) Kubernetes
2 24 (3.89%) Ansible
3 19 (3.08%) IBM BigFix
3 19 (3.08%) Microsoft Clustering
3 19 (3.08%) SCCM
4 18 (2.92%) Microsoft Intune
5 15 (2.43%) Puppet
6 12 (1.94%) Data Guard
7 10 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (1.30%) Terraform
9 7 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
10 5 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.65%) BladeLogic
11 4 (0.65%) Grafana
11 4 (0.65%) Kibana
11 4 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.49%) Forum Sentry
12 3 (0.49%) ITRS Geneos
12 3 (0.49%) Nagios
12 3 (0.49%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 200 (32.41%) Oracle
2 68 (11.02%) SAP
3 57 (9.24%) Red Hat
4 54 (8.75%) MuleSoft
5 37 (6.00%) IBM
5 37 (6.00%) Microsoft
6 36 (5.83%) VMware
7 30 (4.86%) Sybase
8 26 (4.21%) Atlassian
8 26 (4.21%) TIBCO
9 23 (3.73%) Dell
10 22 (3.57%) Salesforce.com
11 19 (3.08%) EMC
12 18 (2.92%) WSO2
13 16 (2.59%) Murex
14 14 (2.27%) Talend
15 13 (2.11%) Citrix
15 13 (2.11%) Google
16 11 (1.78%) webMethods
17 10 (1.62%) Axway