Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 200 180 157
Rank change year-on-year -20 -23 +22
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1,308 1,386 1,722
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.47% 1.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.07% 4.65% 5.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 905 872 1,100
UK median daily rate £513 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.22% +3.33% -
10th Percentile £369 £350 £310
90th Percentile £663 £638 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -2.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 14 15
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £50.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +19.05% +34.40%
10th Percentile £38.30 £25.50 £31.70
90th Percentile £50.50 £53.50 £56.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £50.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -15.00% +19.05% +34.40%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,119 29,815 31,269
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.89% 31.55% 28.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,889 20,628 21,659
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 336 547
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.20 £15.38 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.12 £52.00 £56.72
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.61 £38.63 £38.75
% change year-on-year +7.73% -0.32% +10.71%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1,214 £519 +9.26% 233
UK excluding London -11 732 £500 +11.11% 153
London -32 537 £550 +10.00% 96
South East -20 218 £463 +2.78% 45
East of England +30 169 £513 +3.33% 27
North of England -42 137 £475 +11.11% 31
Midlands +30 110 £506 +12.50% 20
North West -8 95 £500 +11.11% 20
West Midlands +27 73 £550 +22.22% 16
Scotland -28 54 £425 +3.66% 7
East Midlands +15 37 £500 +33.33% 4
South West -10 37 £463 -5.37% 14
Yorkshire -53 23 £450 -7.69% 11
North East -4 19 £665 +79.73%
Wales -2 11 £468 +3.89% 7

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 503 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 451 (34.48%) Linux
3 411 (31.42%) Java
4 348 (26.61%) Oracle
5 340 (25.99%) Finance
6 265 (20.26%) SOA
7 250 (19.11%) SQL
8 243 (18.58%) DevOps
9 239 (18.27%) Unix
10 238 (18.20%) Jenkins
11 214 (16.36%) TDD
12 213 (16.28%) Git (software)
13 182 (13.91%) Scrum
14 176 (13.46%) Windows
15 174 (13.30%) Web Services
15 174 (13.30%) JSON
16 164 (12.54%) Maven
17 163 (12.46%) Banking
18 161 (12.31%) Amazon AWS
19 160 (12.23%) XML
20 157 (12.00%) Apache
21 153 (11.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
22 145 (11.09%) RESTful
23 141 (10.78%) JBoss
24 132 (10.09%) Python
25 129 (9.86%) Continuous Integration
26 128 (9.79%) JavaScript
27 124 (9.48%) Perl
27 124 (9.48%) .NET
28 122 (9.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (12.00%) Apache
2 153 (11.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 141 (10.78%) JBoss
4 97 (7.42%) Tomcat
5 85 (6.50%) Mule
5 85 (6.50%) Oracle Service Bus
6 70 (5.35%) WebSphere
7 62 (4.74%) WebLogic
8 57 (4.36%) Confluence
9 32 (2.45%) Apache Spark
10 29 (2.22%) BizTalk Server
11 25 (1.91%) IIS
12 23 (1.76%) MQSeries
13 22 (1.68%) Cloud Foundry
13 22 (1.68%) CMS
14 19 (1.45%) WebSphere Application Server
15 14 (1.07%) Mule ESB
16 12 (0.92%) SharePoint
17 10 (0.76%) GemFire
18 9 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
2 3 (0.23%) HipChat
2 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.23%) SPSS
3 1 (0.076%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (1.45%) Oracle Applications
2 16 (1.22%) Oracle EBS
2 16 (1.22%) Siebel CRM
3 14 (1.07%) Oracle Utilities
4 10 (0.76%) Markit EDM
4 10 (0.76%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.69%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.61%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.61%) Oracle ERP
7 7 (0.54%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.38%) Infor M3
8 5 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.38%) SAP Hybris
9 4 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
9 4 (0.31%) Eagle PACE
9 4 (0.31%) Infor CloudSuite
9 4 (0.31%) Kondor
9 4 (0.31%) Oracle Retail
9 4 (0.31%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 161 (12.31%) Amazon AWS
2 95 (7.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (6.12%) PaaS
4 63 (4.82%) SaaS
5 50 (3.82%) IaaS
6 41 (3.13%) GitHub
7 36 (2.75%) OpenShift
8 29 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
9 20 (1.53%) npm
10 12 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
11 11 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (0.84%) Amazon S3
11 11 (0.84%) Boomi
11 11 (0.84%) CloudBees
12 9 (0.69%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 8 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
13 8 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
13 8 (0.61%) Office 365
13 8 (0.61%) Serverless
14 7 (0.54%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 64 (4.89%) TCP/IP
2 52 (3.98%) HTTP
3 47 (3.59%) Firewall
4 37 (2.83%) SSL
5 25 (1.91%) DNS
6 20 (1.53%) WAN
7 19 (1.45%) Internet
8 16 (1.22%) SAN
9 15 (1.15%) LAN
10 10 (0.76%) FTP
10 10 (0.76%) MQTT
11 9 (0.69%) AMQP
11 9 (0.69%) NAS
11 9 (0.69%) SSH
12 8 (0.61%) Network Security
13 7 (0.54%) HTTPS
13 7 (0.54%) SMS
14 6 (0.46%) DHCP
14 6 (0.46%) VPN
15 5 (0.38%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (8.79%) SQL Server
2 87 (6.65%) Relational Database
3 82 (6.27%) Oracle Database
4 79 (6.04%) Hadoop
5 71 (5.43%) Big Data
6 40 (3.06%) NoSQL
7 38 (2.91%) RDBMS
8 36 (2.75%) HBase
9 32 (2.45%) MySQL
10 28 (2.14%) Oracle Database 12c
11 27 (2.06%) DB2
11 27 (2.06%) Oracle Database 11g
12 25 (1.91%) Parquet
13 21 (1.61%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (1.61%) PostgreSQL
14 20 (1.53%) KDB
15 19 (1.45%) Oracle Reports
16 17 (1.30%) Oracle ODI
17 16 (1.22%) Oracle BI EE
18 12 (0.92%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 238 (18.20%) Jenkins
2 213 (16.28%) Git (software)
3 164 (12.54%) Maven
4 115 (8.79%) JIRA
5 96 (7.34%) Subversion
6 52 (3.98%) JUnit
7 44 (3.36%) Gradle
7 44 (3.36%) Sonatype Nexus
8 43 (3.29%) Ant
9 34 (2.60%) SoapUI
10 33 (2.52%) Selenium
11 32 (2.45%) Bitbucket
12 30 (2.29%) TeamCity
13 27 (2.06%) Cucumber
14 26 (1.99%) SonarQube
15 23 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 21 (1.61%) Artifactory
16 21 (1.61%) gulp
16 21 (1.61%) Oracle Forms
16 21 (1.61%) SpecFlow
General
1 340 (25.99%) Finance
2 163 (12.46%) Banking
3 73 (5.58%) Marketing
4 67 (5.12%) Manufacturing
5 66 (5.05%) Telecoms
6 58 (4.43%) Electronics
7 57 (4.36%) Front Office
8 47 (3.59%) Investment Banking
9 36 (2.75%) Retail
10 14 (1.07%) Back Office
11 12 (0.92%) Legal
12 9 (0.69%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.69%) Law
13 6 (0.46%) Billing
14 5 (0.38%) Digital Economy
14 5 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.23%) Automotive
15 3 (0.23%) Local Government
15 3 (0.23%) Publishing
15 3 (0.23%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 441 (33.72%) Developer
2 232 (17.74%) Architect
3 129 (9.86%) Java Developer
4 103 (7.87%) Analyst
5 91 (6.96%) DevOps Engineer
6 86 (6.57%) Senior Developer
7 75 (5.73%) Solutions Architect
8 71 (5.43%) Consultant
9 63 (4.82%) Integration Developer
10 55 (4.20%) C++ Developer
11 46 (3.52%) Middleware Engineer
12 44 (3.36%) Agile Developer
13 37 (2.83%) SOA Developer
14 33 (2.52%) Big Data Developer
14 33 (2.52%) Integration Architect
14 33 (2.52%) Lead Developer
15 32 (2.45%) Middleware Developer
16 31 (2.37%) Administrator
16 31 (2.37%) Senior Agile Developer
16 31 (2.37%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (13.30%) JSON
1 174 (13.30%) Web Services
2 160 (12.23%) XML
3 145 (11.09%) RESTful
4 124 (9.48%) .NET
5 119 (9.10%) REST
6 116 (8.87%) J2EE
7 108 (8.26%) Spring
8 107 (8.18%) Apache Camel
9 104 (7.95%) SOAP
10 92 (7.03%) XSLT
11 91 (6.96%) HTML
12 79 (6.04%) Oracle Fusion
13 72 (5.50%) CSS
14 71 (5.43%) Kafka
15 70 (5.35%) AngularJS
16 58 (4.43%) HTML5
17 56 (4.28%) RabbitMQ
18 50 (3.82%) WireMock
19 48 (3.67%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 89 (6.80%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (5.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 70 (5.35%) Greenfield Project
4 64 (4.89%) Enterprise Software
5 48 (3.67%) Virtual Team
6 44 (3.36%) Data Centre
7 43 (3.29%) Derivative
8 36 (2.75%) Linux Command Line
9 34 (2.60%) Equities
9 34 (2.60%) Mainframe
10 33 (2.52%) Computer Science
11 29 (2.22%) Management Information System
12 28 (2.14%) Client/Server
13 27 (2.06%) Clustering
14 25 (1.91%) DataPower
15 23 (1.76%) Equity Derivative
16 22 (1.68%) SWIFT
17 18 (1.38%) Public Cloud
18 17 (1.30%) Fixed Income
19 16 (1.22%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 451 (34.48%) Linux
2 239 (18.27%) Unix
3 176 (13.46%) Windows
4 122 (9.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 81 (6.19%) Solaris
6 49 (3.75%) Windows Server
7 41 (3.13%) AIX
8 13 (0.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.84%) Windows Server 2008
10 10 (0.76%) Android
11 9 (0.69%) Windows 10
12 7 (0.54%) zOS
13 6 (0.46%) CentOS
14 5 (0.38%) Apple iOS
15 4 (0.31%) Oracle Linux
16 3 (0.23%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
16 3 (0.23%) VxWorks
16 3 (0.23%) Windows 7
16 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 503 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 265 (20.26%) SOA
3 243 (18.58%) DevOps
4 214 (16.36%) TDD
5 182 (13.91%) Scrum
6 129 (9.86%) Continuous Integration
7 115 (8.79%) Test Automation
8 96 (7.34%) SDLC
9 95 (7.26%) Migration
10 90 (6.88%) Configuration Management
11 88 (6.73%) Multithreading
12 85 (6.50%) ITIL
12 85 (6.50%) Mentoring
12 85 (6.50%) Project Management
13 81 (6.19%) BDD
14 78 (5.96%) Open Source
15 76 (5.81%) ERP
16 75 (5.73%) Business Intelligence
17 73 (5.58%) CRM
18 67 (5.12%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 411 (31.42%) Java
2 250 (19.11%) SQL
3 132 (10.09%) Python
4 128 (9.79%) JavaScript
5 124 (9.48%) Perl
6 93 (7.11%) Shell Script
7 85 (6.50%) C#
8 81 (6.19%) C++
9 56 (4.28%) XPath
10 34 (2.60%) Ruby
11 29 (2.22%) Scala
12 28 (2.14%) C
13 23 (1.76%) Groovy
13 23 (1.76%) TypeScript
14 21 (1.61%) Bash Shell
14 21 (1.61%) PowerShell
15 20 (1.53%) ES6
16 19 (1.45%) PL/SQL
17 18 (1.38%) PHP
18 13 (0.99%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 86 (6.57%) Security Cleared
2 83 (6.35%) Degree
3 60 (4.59%) SC Cleared
4 16 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (0.76%) CISSP
6 8 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
7 6 (0.46%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.38%) CISA
8 5 (0.38%) CISM
8 5 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
8 5 (0.38%) ISEB
8 5 (0.38%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.38%) PMP
8 5 (0.38%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 4 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
10 3 (0.23%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.23%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.23%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (3.59%) QA
2 16 (1.22%) MiFID
3 15 (1.15%) SLA
4 13 (0.99%) GDPR
5 10 (0.76%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.61%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.46%) NIST 800
9 4 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.23%) COBIT
10 3 (0.23%) GCP
11 2 (0.15%) AIFMD
11 2 (0.15%) FATCA
11 2 (0.15%) IFRS
12 1 (0.076%) PMO
12 1 (0.076%) SEPA
12 1 (0.076%) TARGET2
12 1 (0.076%) WCAG
System Software
1 121 (9.25%) Docker
2 50 (3.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 44 (3.36%) Active Directory
4 39 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
5 37 (2.83%) HDFS
6 26 (1.99%) Virtual Machines
7 16 (1.22%) Hyper-V
8 12 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (0.76%) Time Sharing Option
10 5 (0.38%) ISA Server
10 5 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.31%) KVM
12 3 (0.23%) vSphere
12 3 (0.23%) XenApp
13 2 (0.15%) NFS
13 2 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
13 2 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
13 2 (0.15%) Xen
Systems Management
1 99 (7.57%) Ansible
2 98 (7.49%) Puppet
3 79 (6.04%) Opscode Chef
4 44 (3.36%) Hadoop YARN
5 23 (1.76%) Kubernetes
6 20 (1.53%) ZABBIX
7 17 (1.30%) Red Hat Satellite
8 14 (1.07%) SELinux
8 14 (1.07%) Tivoli
9 13 (0.99%) Rancher
9 13 (0.99%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.92%) MOM
11 11 (0.84%) CA Single Sign-On
12 10 (0.76%) Nagios
12 10 (0.76%) Terraform
13 9 (0.69%) Oracle Identity Management
14 7 (0.54%) logstash
14 7 (0.54%) Prometheus
15 6 (0.46%) Forum Sentry
15 6 (0.46%) Graylog
Vendors
1 348 (26.61%) Oracle
2 120 (9.17%) IBM
3 115 (8.79%) Red Hat
3 115 (8.79%) TIBCO
4 103 (7.87%) Microsoft
5 102 (7.80%) SAP
6 77 (5.89%) WSO2
7 50 (3.82%) VMware
8 46 (3.52%) Solace
9 39 (2.98%) Salesforce.com
10 34 (2.60%) Talarian
11 33 (2.52%) MuleSoft
12 26 (1.99%) Atlassian
12 26 (1.99%) HP
13 20 (1.53%) CA
14 18 (1.38%) Citrix
14 18 (1.38%) Splunk
14 18 (1.38%) webMethods
15 17 (1.30%) BEA
15 17 (1.30%) Siebel