Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 229 252 203
Rank change year-on-year +23 -49 +33
Contract jobs citing Middleware 608 608 1,367
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.14% 1.06% 1.43%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.76% 3.53% 4.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 435 408 853
10th Percentile £405 £381 £363
25th Percentile £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +0.24%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £477 £500
% change year-on-year +4.75% -4.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 12 14
10th Percentile £35.35 £45.13 £49.45
25th Percentile £49.38 £47.19 £55.44
Median hourly rate £57.50 £51.75 £58.75
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -11.91% +38.24%
75th Percentile £60.75 £58.44 £62.03
90th Percentile £61.45 £68.75 £64.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £50.50 £58.75
% change year-on-year +13.86% -14.04% +38.24%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,185 17,224 31,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.22% 29.99% 32.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,559 12,128 22,396
10th Percentile £331 £331 £325
25th Percentile £406 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £580 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £440
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.27% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 160 284
10th Percentile £23.88 £18.60 £17.44
25th Percentile £34.00 £30.65 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%
75th Percentile £57.50 £53.39 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.77 £69.55 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.94%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 523 £575 +9.52% 129
London +34 329 £650 +19.05% 61
UK excluding London -12 191 £500 +4.75% 82
Work from Home -138 138 £488 -9.30% 21
South East +35 81 £563 +17.84% 24
North of England +39 43 £463 +8.82% 15
North West +20 35 £441 -1.94% 5
Midlands +33 17 £460 -12.38% 4
Scotland -6 16 £425 -4.23% 6
South West +6 12 £572 +8.86% 15
East Midlands +24 11 £445 -11.00% 1
East of England +12 9 £450 -14.29% 9
Yorkshire +31 8 £488 +21.88% 5
Wales +7 8 £463 -6.09% 9
West Midlands +16 5 £475 -9.52% 3
Northern Ireland +6 5 £450 -

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 284 (46.71%) Java
2 196 (32.24%) Linux
3 169 (27.80%) Agile Software Development
4 157 (25.82%) Spring
5 147 (24.18%) Banking
5 147 (24.18%) Finance
6 137 (22.53%) Oracle
7 135 (22.20%) Apache Camel
8 123 (20.23%) Unix
9 121 (19.90%) Azure
10 118 (19.41%) Front Office
11 115 (18.91%) REST
12 106 (17.43%) Mule
13 103 (16.94%) Kubernetes
14 97 (15.95%) Relational Database
15 96 (15.79%) Spring Integration
15 96 (15.79%) SQL
16 93 (15.30%) Web Services
16 93 (15.30%) Windows
17 91 (14.97%) Docker
18 89 (14.64%) DevOps
19 85 (13.98%) SQL Server
20 82 (13.49%) Microservices
21 81 (13.32%) AWS
22 80 (13.16%) Analytical Skills
23 76 (12.50%) Red Hat Fuse
24 75 (12.34%) Migration
25 74 (12.17%) Investment Banking
26 69 (11.35%) SOA
27 68 (11.18%) Git (software)

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (17.43%) Mule
2 76 (12.50%) Red Hat Fuse
3 56 (9.21%) Apache
4 41 (6.74%) JBoss
5 39 (6.41%) WebSphere
6 36 (5.92%) SharePoint
7 32 (5.26%) Confluence
8 31 (5.10%) IIS
9 28 (4.61%) Tomcat
10 27 (4.44%) WebLogic
11 22 (3.62%) MS Exchange
12 18 (2.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (2.80%) Oracle Service Bus
13 17 (2.80%) WebSphere Application Server
14 12 (1.97%) NetWeaver
15 9 (1.48%) CMS
16 7 (1.15%) Anypoint
16 7 (1.15%) Apache Qpid
16 7 (1.15%) BizTalk Server
16 7 (1.15%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 15 (2.47%) Microsoft Project
2 10 (1.64%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (1.32%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (1.81%) SAP CRM
2 7 (1.15%) Magento
3 4 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.66%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.66%) Oracle Payables
3 4 (0.66%) SAP IS-U
4 3 (0.49%) BusinessWorks
4 3 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.49%) Oracle BRM
4 3 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.49%) Siebel CRM
5 2 (0.33%) Eikon
5 2 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.33%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.33%) SAP WM
6 1 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.16%) SAP MM
6 1 (0.16%) SAP SD
6 1 (0.16%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 121 (19.90%) Azure
2 81 (13.32%) AWS
3 29 (4.77%) Microsoft 365
4 27 (4.44%) OpenShift
5 25 (4.11%) GCP
6 20 (3.29%) SaaS
7 19 (3.13%) PaaS
8 17 (2.80%) IaaS
8 17 (2.80%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 15 (2.47%) Apigee
10 13 (2.14%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (2.14%) Force.com
11 11 (1.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 11 (1.81%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 10 (1.64%) GitHub
13 7 (1.15%) Boomi
13 7 (1.15%) npm
14 6 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (0.99%) Serverless
15 5 (0.82%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 35 (5.76%) DNS
2 31 (5.10%) HTTP
3 23 (3.78%) Firewall
4 22 (3.62%) WAAS
5 20 (3.29%) SAN
6 17 (2.80%) FTP
7 16 (2.63%) SSL
8 14 (2.30%) WAN
9 13 (2.14%) NAS
10 9 (1.48%) LAN
10 9 (1.48%) Multicast
10 9 (1.48%) TCP/IP
11 8 (1.32%) Network Security
12 7 (1.15%) VPN
13 5 (0.82%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.82%) Internet
13 5 (0.82%) iSCSI
14 4 (0.66%) DHCP
14 4 (0.66%) MPLS
14 4 (0.66%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (15.95%) Relational Database
2 85 (13.98%) SQL Server
3 38 (6.25%) MySQL
4 28 (4.61%) NoSQL
5 22 (3.62%) DB2
5 22 (3.62%) MongoDB
6 18 (2.96%) Oracle Database
7 17 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
8 11 (1.81%) SAP HANA
9 10 (1.64%) RDBMS
10 9 (1.48%) Oracle ODI
11 7 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (1.15%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.15%) HBase
11 7 (1.15%) Oracle Reports
12 6 (0.99%) Couchbase
12 6 (0.99%) SAP BW
13 5 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
13 5 (0.82%) BusinessObjects
13 5 (0.82%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 68 (11.18%) Git (software)
2 56 (9.21%) Jenkins
3 45 (7.40%) JIRA
4 29 (4.77%) Maven
5 21 (3.45%) Cucumber
5 21 (3.45%) Subversion
6 17 (2.80%) JUnit
6 17 (2.80%) Selenium
7 14 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 14 (2.30%) Sonatype Nexus
8 13 (2.14%) Hudson
8 13 (2.14%) jMock
9 11 (1.81%) Bitbucket
9 11 (1.81%) SonarQube
10 10 (1.64%) FishEye
11 9 (1.48%) TeamCity
12 7 (1.15%) Jasmine
12 7 (1.15%) SoapUI
12 7 (1.15%) webpack
13 6 (0.99%) GitLab
General
1 147 (24.18%) Banking
1 147 (24.18%) Finance
2 118 (19.41%) Front Office
3 74 (12.17%) Investment Banking
4 48 (7.89%) Public Sector
5 32 (5.26%) Marketing
6 31 (5.10%) Telecoms
7 21 (3.45%) Manufacturing
8 19 (3.13%) Electronics
9 18 (2.96%) Retail
10 15 (2.47%) Back Office
11 7 (1.15%) Billing
11 7 (1.15%) Law
12 4 (0.66%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.49%) Advertising
13 3 (0.49%) Legal
13 3 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.33%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.33%) Automotive
14 2 (0.33%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 238 (39.14%) Developer
2 162 (26.64%) Java Developer
3 144 (23.68%) Architect
4 86 (14.14%) Integration Developer
5 59 (9.70%) Senior Developer
6 57 (9.38%) Senior Java Developer
7 51 (8.39%) Solutions Architect
8 39 (6.41%) Senior Integration Developer
9 38 (6.25%) Analyst
10 32 (5.26%) Technical Architect
11 30 (4.93%) Infrastructure Architect
12 24 (3.95%) Consultant
12 24 (3.95%) Salesforce Architect
13 23 (3.78%) Cloud Architect
14 22 (3.62%) Project Manager
15 20 (3.29%) Middleware Developer
16 19 (3.13%) Front Office Developer
17 16 (2.63%) DevOps Engineer
17 16 (2.63%) Full Stack Developer
17 16 (2.63%) Middleware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (25.82%) Spring
2 135 (22.20%) Apache Camel
3 115 (18.91%) REST
4 96 (15.79%) Spring Integration
5 93 (15.30%) Web Services
6 67 (11.02%) SOAP
7 54 (8.88%) AngularJS
8 53 (8.72%) HTML
9 52 (8.55%) XML
10 45 (7.40%) Hibernate
10 45 (7.40%) Node.js
11 42 (6.91%) JMS
12 40 (6.58%) J2EE
13 37 (6.09%) RESTful
14 36 (5.92%) CSS
15 34 (5.59%) HTML5
16 32 (5.26%) JSON
17 31 (5.10%) React
18 30 (4.93%) Oracle Fusion
19 28 (4.61%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 80 (13.16%) Analytical Skills
2 46 (7.57%) Fixed Income
3 45 (7.40%) Clustering
4 37 (6.09%) Enterprise Software
5 31 (5.10%) Data Centre
6 29 (4.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 25 (4.11%) Equities
8 22 (3.62%) EMC VNX
9 21 (3.45%) Public Cloud
10 20 (3.29%) Cloud Native
11 17 (2.80%) User Experience
12 14 (2.30%) Management Information System
13 13 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
13 13 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
14 12 (1.97%) Replication
15 10 (1.64%) DataPower
15 10 (1.64%) Hedge funds
16 9 (1.48%) Derivative
16 9 (1.48%) Private Cloud
17 8 (1.32%) AS400
Operating Systems
1 196 (32.24%) Linux
2 123 (20.23%) Unix
3 93 (15.30%) Windows
4 48 (7.89%) Windows Server
5 42 (6.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 23 (3.78%) Windows Server 2012
7 22 (3.62%) Windows 10
7 22 (3.62%) Windows XP
8 21 (3.45%) Apple iOS
9 15 (2.47%) Android
10 10 (1.64%) Solaris
11 9 (1.48%) Oracle Linux
12 8 (1.32%) AIX
13 5 (0.82%) Embedded Linux
14 4 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
15 3 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.33%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.33%) SUSE
16 2 (0.33%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 1 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (27.80%) Agile Software Development
2 89 (14.64%) DevOps
3 82 (13.49%) Microservices
4 75 (12.34%) Migration
5 69 (11.35%) SOA
6 67 (11.02%) Problem-Solving
7 51 (8.39%) OO
8 50 (8.22%) Scrum
9 49 (8.06%) TDD
10 45 (7.40%) Continuous Integration
11 38 (6.25%) CRM
12 36 (5.92%) BDD
13 35 (5.76%) Computer Science
13 35 (5.76%) High Availability
14 34 (5.59%) Software Engineering
14 34 (5.59%) Test Automation
15 33 (5.43%) Open Source
16 32 (5.26%) SDLC
17 30 (4.93%) Multithreading
17 30 (4.93%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 284 (46.71%) Java
2 96 (15.79%) SQL
3 66 (10.86%) JavaScript
4 60 (9.87%) Python
5 35 (5.76%) Shell Script
6 24 (3.95%) Java 8
7 21 (3.45%) C#
8 19 (3.13%) Apex Code
9 18 (2.96%) C++
9 18 (2.96%) ES6
9 18 (2.96%) XPath
10 16 (2.63%) C
11 14 (2.30%) Bash Shell
11 14 (2.30%) Groovy
11 14 (2.30%) Perl
12 13 (2.14%) Java 9
13 12 (1.97%) PL/SQL
14 11 (1.81%) TypeScript
15 9 (1.48%) ABAP
16 6 (0.99%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 64 (10.53%) Security Cleared
2 46 (7.57%) SC Cleared
3 40 (6.58%) Degree
4 28 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (3.13%) Master's Degree
6 15 (2.47%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.99%) PMP
8 5 (0.82%) CTC Cleared
9 3 (0.49%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.49%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 2 (0.33%) CISSP
10 2 (0.33%) ISEB
10 2 (0.33%) RHCA
11 1 (0.16%) CCSP
11 1 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.16%) OCP
11 1 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (4.77%) QA
2 12 (1.97%) GDPR
3 6 (0.99%) MiFID
4 5 (0.82%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.66%) COBIT
5 4 (0.66%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.16%) GxP
7 1 (0.16%) HL7
7 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 1 (0.16%) NIST
7 1 (0.16%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.16%) PMO
7 1 (0.16%) SLA
7 1 (0.16%) WAI
System Software
1 91 (14.97%) Docker
2 56 (9.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (7.24%) Active Directory
4 25 (4.11%) Hyper-V
5 13 (2.14%) Microsoft App-V
5 13 (2.14%) XenApp
6 8 (1.32%) PowerHA
6 8 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.99%) NFS
8 5 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.82%) KVM
9 4 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.66%) SRDF
9 4 (0.66%) Xen
10 3 (0.49%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.49%) vCloud
10 3 (0.49%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.33%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.33%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 103 (16.94%) Kubernetes
2 23 (3.78%) Ansible
3 22 (3.62%) IBM BigFix
3 22 (3.62%) Microsoft Clustering
3 22 (3.62%) SCCM
4 21 (3.45%) Microsoft Intune
5 13 (2.14%) Puppet
6 12 (1.97%) Terraform
7 9 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (1.15%) HP Quality Center
9 6 (0.99%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.66%) vCenter Server
11 3 (0.49%) Istio
11 3 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.49%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 2 (0.33%) BladeLogic
12 2 (0.33%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.33%) Salt
13 1 (0.16%) Nessus
13 1 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 137 (22.53%) Oracle
2 63 (10.36%) SAP
3 62 (10.20%) VMware
4 59 (9.70%) Red Hat
5 56 (9.21%) IBM
5 56 (9.21%) Microsoft
6 50 (8.22%) MuleSoft
7 39 (6.41%) Salesforce.com
8 28 (4.61%) Sybase
8 28 (4.61%) TIBCO
9 26 (4.28%) Citrix
9 26 (4.28%) EMC
10 17 (2.80%) ION Trading
11 16 (2.63%) Google
12 14 (2.30%) Atlassian
13 11 (1.81%) Murex
13 11 (1.81%) Solace
14 10 (1.64%) HP
15 9 (1.48%) Cisco
15 9 (1.48%) webMethods