Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 318 273 204
Rank change year-on-year -45 -69 +30
Contract jobs citing Middleware 747 655 558
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 1.00% 1.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.11% 3.27% 4.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 521 447 400
10th Percentile £425 £405 £368
25th Percentile £500 £467 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £575 £513
Median % change year-on-year +2.61% +12.20% -2.38%
75th Percentile £670 £650 £600
90th Percentile £755 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £476
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.01% -2.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 4 12
10th Percentile - £28.11 £42.30
25th Percentile - £38.97 £45.94
Median hourly rate £55.00 £46.13 £59.50
Median % change year-on-year +19.24% -22.48% +23.96%
75th Percentile - £48.53 £66.69
90th Percentile - £48.81 £68.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £46.13 £53.00
% change year-on-year +19.24% -12.97% +15.22%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,996 20,055 12,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.97% 30.48% 30.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,613 14,283 8,899
10th Percentile £400 £350 £333
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £671 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £504 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 195 112
10th Percentile £20.25 £20.01 £20.16
25th Percentile £35.00 £29.00 £31.11
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.50
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -1.10% +1.21%
75th Percentile £65.75 £57.50 £57.50
90th Percentile £75.39 £66.30 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +33.33% -8.33% +2.48%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -39 622 £590 +2.61% 97
London -35 394 £615 -2.38% 44
Work from Home +12 363 £575 +9.52% 30
UK excluding London -61 191 £550 +10.00% 57
South East -50 68 £600 +5.54% 19
North of England -42 45 £550 +41.94% 3
North West -33 33 £525 +44.23% 1
South West -10 22 £488 -10.14% 10
Midlands -41 19 £515 +4.04% 12
Scotland -18 17 £550 +22.22% 4
West Midlands -28 15 £525 +4.27% 9
Yorkshire -28 12 £575 +17.95% 1
East of England -23 9 £550 +33.17% 8
Wales +1 8 £524 +20.46%
East Midlands -18 4 £500 +12.36% 3
Northern Ireland -2 3 £500 +11.11% 1

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 260 (34.81%) Agile
2 257 (34.40%) Java
3 226 (30.25%) Linux
4 204 (27.31%) Finance
5 202 (27.04%) SQL
6 196 (26.24%) Oracle
7 194 (25.97%) Social Skills
8 175 (23.43%) Unix
9 173 (23.16%) Windows
10 162 (21.69%) Banking
11 155 (20.75%) DevOps
12 141 (18.88%) Azure
13 136 (18.21%) IBM
14 128 (17.14%) WebSphere
15 126 (16.87%) Microservices
16 103 (13.79%) AWS
17 102 (13.65%) .NET
18 100 (13.39%) Front Office
19 92 (12.32%) SaaS
20 87 (11.65%) Migration
21 86 (11.51%) Spring
22 84 (11.24%) Scrum
23 82 (10.98%) Microsoft
24 81 (10.84%) WebSphere Application Server
25 80 (10.71%) Analytical Skills
26 78 (10.44%) Git (software)
26 78 (10.44%) SQL Server
27 75 (10.04%) WebLogic
28 73 (9.77%) Python
28 73 (9.77%) PaaS

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (17.14%) WebSphere
2 81 (10.84%) WebSphere Application Server
3 75 (10.04%) WebLogic
4 60 (8.03%) Tomcat
5 50 (6.69%) Red Hat Fuse
6 47 (6.29%) JBoss
7 44 (5.89%) Apache
8 40 (5.35%) Mule
9 28 (3.75%) IBM HTTP Server
10 26 (3.48%) IIS
11 21 (2.81%) Confluence
12 17 (2.28%) Oracle Application Server
13 15 (2.01%) Oracle 9iAS
13 15 (2.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 11 (1.47%) CMS
15 10 (1.34%) Oracle Service Bus
16 9 (1.20%) WebSphere Process Server
17 8 (1.07%) NetWeaver
17 8 (1.07%) WebLogic Portal
18 7 (0.94%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 36 (4.82%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.80%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.80%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 29 (3.88%) Oracle 11i
2 20 (2.68%) Oracle EBS
3 18 (2.41%) Oracle Applications
4 13 (1.74%) BusinessWorks
5 9 (1.20%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.67%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.54%) Bloomberg AIM
7 4 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.54%) SAP EM
8 3 (0.40%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.40%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.40%) Oracle FAH
8 3 (0.40%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.40%) Oracle Utilities
8 3 (0.40%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle TCA
9 2 (0.27%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 141 (18.88%) Azure
2 103 (13.79%) AWS
3 92 (12.32%) SaaS
4 73 (9.77%) PaaS
5 65 (8.70%) IaaS
6 32 (4.28%) GCP
7 25 (3.35%) Azure DevOps
8 24 (3.21%) Azure Active Directory
9 22 (2.95%) GitHub
10 21 (2.81%) OpenShift
11 15 (2.01%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 14 (1.87%) Serverless
13 13 (1.74%) Boomi
14 12 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
15 11 (1.47%) Azure Data Factory
15 11 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
15 11 (1.47%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 11 (1.47%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 9 (1.20%) Amazon S3
17 7 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 45 (6.02%) HTTP
2 36 (4.82%) Firewall
3 31 (4.15%) TCP/IP
4 29 (3.88%) SAN
4 29 (3.88%) SSL
5 22 (2.95%) DNS
6 14 (1.87%) Network Security
7 11 (1.47%) NAS
8 6 (0.80%) FTP
8 6 (0.80%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.67%) SMTP
9 5 (0.67%) VPN
10 4 (0.54%) DHCP
10 4 (0.54%) Internet
10 4 (0.54%) WAN
11 3 (0.40%) Broadband
11 3 (0.40%) LAN
11 3 (0.40%) VoIP
12 2 (0.27%) Intranet
12 2 (0.27%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (10.44%) SQL Server
2 72 (9.64%) Relational Database
3 65 (8.70%) Oracle Database
4 54 (7.23%) NoSQL
5 34 (4.55%) Oracle Database 10g
6 33 (4.42%) MySQL
7 29 (3.88%) Oracle Database 12c
8 17 (2.28%) Oracle Database 11g
8 17 (2.28%) RDBMS
9 16 (2.14%) Oracle9i Database
10 15 (2.01%) MongoDB
11 11 (1.47%) Big Data
11 11 (1.47%) OLAP
11 11 (1.47%) OLTP
11 11 (1.47%) Oracle OLAP
12 10 (1.34%) Oracle Reports
13 9 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
14 8 (1.07%) Hazelcast
14 8 (1.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 7 (0.94%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 78 (10.44%) Git (software)
2 47 (6.29%) JIRA
3 43 (5.76%) Jenkins
4 32 (4.28%) Cucumber
5 31 (4.15%) TeamCity
6 29 (3.88%) Oracle Forms
7 28 (3.75%) IBM UrbanCode
8 27 (3.61%) Maven
9 23 (3.08%) Eclipse
10 22 (2.95%) JUnit
11 20 (2.68%) Subversion
12 19 (2.54%) Moq
12 19 (2.54%) NUnit
13 17 (2.28%) Bitbucket
13 17 (2.28%) jMock
14 13 (1.74%) ClearCase
14 13 (1.74%) GitLab
15 12 (1.61%) Ant
16 10 (1.34%) Selenium
17 9 (1.20%) ClearQuest
General
1 204 (27.31%) Finance
2 194 (25.97%) Social Skills
3 162 (21.69%) Banking
4 100 (13.39%) Front Office
5 80 (10.71%) Analytical Skills
6 69 (9.24%) Investment Banking
7 33 (4.42%) Public Sector
8 28 (3.75%) Presentation Skills
9 20 (2.68%) Financial Institution
10 18 (2.41%) Organisational Skills
11 16 (2.14%) Retail
12 12 (1.61%) Legal
13 10 (1.34%) Retail Banking
14 9 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
14 9 (1.20%) Telecoms
15 8 (1.07%) Electronics
16 5 (0.67%) Automotive
16 5 (0.67%) Manufacturing
16 5 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
17 4 (0.54%) Law
Job Titles
1 225 (30.12%) Developer
2 194 (25.97%) Architect
3 93 (12.45%) Java Developer
4 65 (8.70%) Infrastructure Architect
4 65 (8.70%) Solutions Architect
5 55 (7.36%) Senior Developer
6 50 (6.69%) Middleware Developer
7 48 (6.43%) Analyst
8 44 (5.89%) Integration Developer
9 43 (5.76%) Consultant
10 30 (4.02%) .NET Developer
11 29 (3.88%) Technical Architect
12 27 (3.61%) Senior Java Developer
13 26 (3.48%) Cloud Architect
14 23 (3.08%) DBA
14 23 (3.08%) Middleware Engineer
15 21 (2.81%) Oracle DBA
16 18 (2.41%) Enterprise Integration Developer
16 18 (2.41%) Front Office Developer
16 18 (2.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 102 (13.65%) .NET
2 86 (11.51%) Spring
3 72 (9.64%) REST
4 63 (8.43%) Web Services
5 60 (8.03%) XML
6 48 (6.43%) Apache Camel
7 47 (6.29%) RESTful
8 43 (5.76%) HTML
8 43 (5.76%) Kafka
9 41 (5.49%) React
10 39 (5.22%) CSS
10 39 (5.22%) JMS
10 39 (5.22%) WebSphere MQ
11 38 (5.09%) RabbitMQ
12 37 (4.95%) IBM Integration Bus
13 35 (4.69%) JTA
13 35 (4.69%) JTS
13 35 (4.69%) Spring Boot
14 31 (4.15%) ASP.NET
14 31 (4.15%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 42 (5.62%) DataPower
1 42 (5.62%) Private Cloud
2 34 (4.55%) Data Centre
3 33 (4.42%) Enterprise Software
3 33 (4.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 31 (4.15%) Cloud Native
5 25 (3.35%) Clustering
5 25 (3.35%) Legacy Applications
6 23 (3.08%) Derivative
7 20 (2.68%) Algorithms
8 19 (2.54%) Data Structures
9 18 (2.41%) Virtual Team
10 17 (2.28%) Mainframe
11 16 (2.14%) Fixed Income
11 16 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
11 16 (2.14%) User Experience
12 15 (2.01%) Public Cloud
12 15 (2.01%) SWIFT
13 14 (1.87%) Management Information System
14 13 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 226 (30.25%) Linux
2 175 (23.43%) Unix
3 173 (23.16%) Windows
4 51 (6.83%) Windows Server
5 37 (4.95%) AIX
6 36 (4.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (2.01%) Solaris
7 15 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (0.67%) SUSE
9 4 (0.54%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.40%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.40%) Windows 10
11 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.13%) Android
12 1 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 1 (0.13%) VMS
12 1 (0.13%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 260 (34.81%) Agile
2 155 (20.75%) DevOps
3 126 (16.87%) Microservices
4 87 (11.65%) Migration
5 84 (11.24%) Scrum
6 73 (9.77%) Problem-Solving
7 70 (9.37%) CI/CD
8 69 (9.24%) ITIL
9 61 (8.17%) Test Automation
10 55 (7.36%) Project Delivery
11 53 (7.10%) OO
12 51 (6.83%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 44 (5.89%) Waterfall
14 42 (5.62%) Continuous Integration
14 42 (5.62%) SOA
14 42 (5.62%) Software Engineering
15 40 (5.35%) Multithreading
15 40 (5.35%) SDLC
15 40 (5.35%) Stakeholder Management
16 39 (5.22%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 257 (34.40%) Java
2 202 (27.04%) SQL
3 73 (9.77%) Python
4 69 (9.24%) C#
5 50 (6.69%) JavaScript
6 41 (5.49%) PL/SQL
7 40 (5.35%) Shell Script
8 34 (4.55%) Bash
9 33 (4.42%) C++
10 28 (3.75%) Perl
11 21 (2.81%) Korn
12 16 (2.14%) TypeScript
13 13 (1.74%) C
14 11 (1.47%) Apex Code
14 11 (1.47%) Jython
14 11 (1.47%) PowerShell
15 8 (1.07%) ABAP
16 6 (0.80%) Groovy
17 5 (0.67%) ES6
17 5 (0.67%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 71 (9.50%) Security Cleared
2 62 (8.30%) SC Cleared
3 47 (6.29%) Degree
4 26 (3.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (2.28%) TOGAF Certification
6 11 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
8 7 (0.94%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.80%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.67%) CISSP
11 3 (0.40%) APMP
11 3 (0.40%) CISA
11 3 (0.40%) CISM
11 3 (0.40%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.40%) ISEB
11 3 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.27%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
12 2 (0.27%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.13%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (4.42%) QA
2 16 (2.14%) SLA
3 13 (1.74%) GDPR
4 11 (1.47%) SEPA
5 9 (1.20%) Accessibility
5 9 (1.20%) NIST
6 7 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.67%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.67%) Def Stans
7 5 (0.67%) IEC 61508
7 5 (0.67%) MISRA
7 5 (0.67%) MISRA C
8 3 (0.40%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.27%) GMP
9 2 (0.27%) GRC
9 2 (0.27%) GxP
9 2 (0.27%) HL7
9 2 (0.27%) PMO
10 1 (0.13%) COBIT
10 1 (0.13%) DICOM
System Software
1 64 (8.57%) Docker
2 44 (5.89%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (5.09%) Active Directory
4 27 (3.61%) Oracle RAC
5 23 (3.08%) Hyper-V
6 16 (2.14%) XenApp
7 15 (2.01%) Microsoft App-V
8 7 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.67%) Firmware
10 4 (0.54%) PowerHA
10 4 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.40%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.27%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.27%) vSphere
13 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 41 (5.49%) Ansible
2 39 (5.22%) Single Sign-On
3 37 (4.95%) Kubernetes
4 21 (2.81%) Terraform
5 16 (2.14%) Data Guard
5 16 (2.14%) Tivoli
5 16 (2.14%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
6 15 (2.01%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 13 (1.74%) Tivoli Monitoring
8 11 (1.47%) BladeLogic
9 10 (1.34%) NetBackup
10 9 (1.20%) Oracle RMAN
11 6 (0.80%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 5 (0.67%) MOM
12 5 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
13 4 (0.54%) Grafana
13 4 (0.54%) Kibana
13 4 (0.54%) Oracle Identity Management
14 3 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.40%) logstash
Vendors
1 196 (26.24%) Oracle
2 136 (18.21%) IBM
3 82 (10.98%) Microsoft
4 49 (6.56%) VMware
5 47 (6.29%) Red Hat
6 43 (5.76%) TIBCO
7 35 (4.69%) SAP
8 32 (4.28%) Sybase
9 31 (4.15%) Citrix
10 26 (3.48%) Salesforce.com
11 25 (3.35%) MuleSoft
12 19 (2.54%) Splunk
13 16 (2.14%) Green Hat
13 16 (2.14%) HP
13 16 (2.14%) ServiceNow
14 15 (2.01%) Dynatrace
14 15 (2.01%) F5
15 13 (1.74%) BMC
15 13 (1.74%) Google
15 13 (1.74%) Solace