Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 181 170 149
Rank change year-on-year -11 -21 +22
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1521 1691 1894
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.48% 1.61% 1.65%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.62% 5.29% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1027 1022 1193
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £625 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 35 22
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -5.26% +24.59%
10th Percentile £40.50 £24.00 £21.48
90th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £40.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £28.50 £35.13
% change year-on-year +57.89% -18.86% +13.31%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32931 31938 32467
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.95% 30.42% 28.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 23241 22116 22267
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 375 372 557
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £38.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.33% +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.60 £14.44 £15.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.80 £54.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +9.33% - +10.74%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 1415 £513 +7.89% 132
UK excluding London -14 844 £500 +11.11% 79
London -20 626 £550 +4.76% 57
East of England +52 264 £513 +17.14% 11
South East -19 226 £431 -9.37% 20
North of England -85 127 £475 +11.76% 21
Midlands +28 122 £540 +22.73% 18
North West -39 87 £475 +12.09% 10
West Midlands +32 78 £558 +26.82% 15
Scotland -10 59 £440 +7.32% 4
East Midlands -11 44 £500 +9.89% 3
South West -17 40 £500 - 5
Yorkshire -62 21 £481 -7.45% 10
North East -14 19 £463 +38.37% 1
Wales +11 10 £455 +1.11%

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 600 (39.45%) Agile Software Development
2 512 (33.66%) Linux
3 487 (32.02%) Finance
4 417 (27.42%) Java
5 393 (25.84%) Oracle
6 344 (22.62%) SOA
7 341 (22.42%) SQL
8 321 (21.10%) Unix
9 293 (19.26%) TDD
10 275 (18.08%) DevOps
11 259 (17.03%) Scrum
12 244 (16.04%) Banking
13 241 (15.84%) Jenkins
14 240 (15.78%) XML
15 237 (15.58%) Windows
16 207 (13.61%) Maven
16 207 (13.61%) JSON
17 199 (13.08%) Git (software)
18 172 (11.31%) Web Services
19 166 (10.91%) Apache Camel
20 165 (10.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
21 164 (10.78%) Continuous Integration
22 162 (10.65%) TIBCO
23 160 (10.52%) SQL Server
23 160 (10.52%) SAP
24 158 (10.39%) XSLT
25 153 (10.06%) IBM
26 149 (9.80%) Amazon AWS
27 141 (9.27%) Test Automation
28 140 (9.20%) JBoss

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 165 (10.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 140 (9.20%) JBoss
3 131 (8.61%) Apache
4 123 (8.09%) Mule
5 101 (6.64%) Tomcat
6 99 (6.51%) Oracle Service Bus
7 93 (6.11%) WebLogic
8 84 (5.52%) WebSphere
9 53 (3.48%) Confluence
10 51 (3.35%) IIS
11 45 (2.96%) MQSeries
12 31 (2.04%) SharePoint
13 29 (1.91%) Apache Spark
14 27 (1.78%) BizTalk Server
15 26 (1.71%) Cloud Foundry
15 26 (1.71%) WebSphere Application Server
16 18 (1.18%) Mule ESB
17 17 (1.12%) CICS
18 16 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
19 15 (0.99%) GemFire
Applications
1 21 (1.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.39%) HipChat
4 6 (0.39%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.20%) SPSS
6 2 (0.13%) InfoPath
6 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 22 (1.45%) Oracle EBS
2 13 (0.85%) Oracle Applications
3 12 (0.79%) Oracle ERP
4 11 (0.72%) BusinessWorks
5 10 (0.66%) Oracle Utilities
6 9 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
6 9 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
6 9 (0.59%) Oracle EBS R12
7 8 (0.53%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.53%) NetSuite
7 8 (0.53%) Siebel CRM
8 7 (0.46%) RMDS
9 6 (0.39%) Maximo
10 5 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
10 5 (0.33%) Eagle PACE
10 5 (0.33%) Kondor
10 5 (0.33%) Oracle Receivables
10 5 (0.33%) SAP FSCM
10 5 (0.33%) SAP MM
11 4 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 149 (9.80%) Amazon AWS
2 105 (6.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (5.19%) PaaS
4 50 (3.29%) IaaS
5 45 (2.96%) OpenShift
5 45 (2.96%) SaaS
6 27 (1.78%) GitHub
7 25 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
8 22 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
9 19 (1.25%) Google Cloud Platform
10 13 (0.85%) npm
11 8 (0.53%) CloudBees
11 8 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
11 8 (0.53%) Office 365
12 6 (0.39%) Boomi
12 6 (0.39%) OneDrive
13 4 (0.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 4 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.26%) Amazon ELB
13 4 (0.26%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 74 (4.87%) SSL
2 71 (4.67%) HTTP
3 70 (4.60%) TCP/IP
4 50 (3.29%) Firewall
5 35 (2.30%) DNS
6 30 (1.97%) Internet
7 29 (1.91%) SSH
8 28 (1.84%) WAN
9 25 (1.64%) LDAP
10 24 (1.58%) SAN
11 20 (1.31%) LAN
12 16 (1.05%) Kerberos
13 11 (0.72%) MQTT
13 11 (0.72%) SMS
14 10 (0.66%) NAS
15 9 (0.59%) Network Security
16 8 (0.53%) AMQP
16 8 (0.53%) VPN
17 6 (0.39%) DHCP
17 6 (0.39%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (10.52%) SQL Server
2 121 (7.96%) Relational Database
3 74 (4.87%) Oracle Database
4 63 (4.14%) Hadoop
5 58 (3.81%) RDBMS
6 52 (3.42%) DB2
7 49 (3.22%) Big Data
8 47 (3.09%) MySQL
8 47 (3.09%) NoSQL
9 27 (1.78%) Oracle Database 11g
10 24 (1.58%) HBase
11 20 (1.31%) Oracle Database 12c
11 20 (1.31%) SQL Server 2008
12 19 (1.25%) Data Mining
13 18 (1.18%) PostgreSQL
14 17 (1.12%) MongoDB
15 16 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
15 16 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 15 (0.99%) Oracle BI EE
16 15 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 241 (15.84%) Jenkins
2 207 (13.61%) Maven
3 199 (13.08%) Git (software)
4 128 (8.42%) Subversion
5 119 (7.82%) JIRA
6 61 (4.01%) SoapUI
7 58 (3.81%) JUnit
8 40 (2.63%) Gradle
9 39 (2.56%) Ant
10 36 (2.37%) Sonatype Nexus
11 35 (2.30%) Selenium
12 31 (2.04%) Artifactory
13 29 (1.91%) Team Foundation Server
14 27 (1.78%) Bitbucket
15 23 (1.51%) TeamCity
16 22 (1.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 20 (1.31%) IntelliJ
18 19 (1.25%) Cucumber
18 19 (1.25%) JMeter
19 18 (1.18%) NUnit
General
1 487 (32.02%) Finance
2 244 (16.04%) Banking
3 122 (8.02%) Manufacturing
3 122 (8.02%) Telecoms
4 115 (7.56%) Electronics
5 113 (7.43%) Marketing
6 77 (5.06%) Front Office
7 76 (5.00%) Investment Banking
8 37 (2.43%) Retail
9 15 (0.99%) Back Office
10 11 (0.72%) Law
11 8 (0.53%) Automotive
11 8 (0.53%) Financial Institution
12 7 (0.46%) Billing
13 5 (0.33%) Military
13 5 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.33%) Publishing
14 4 (0.26%) Legal
14 4 (0.26%) Prime Brokerage
15 3 (0.20%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 539 (35.44%) Developer
2 209 (13.74%) Architect
3 154 (10.12%) Java Developer
4 146 (9.60%) Analyst
5 132 (8.68%) Senior Developer
6 109 (7.17%) DevOps Engineer
7 106 (6.97%) Consultant
8 101 (6.64%) Integration Developer
9 71 (4.67%) Agile Developer
10 64 (4.21%) SOA Developer
10 64 (4.21%) Solutions Architect
11 60 (3.94%) C++ Developer
11 60 (3.94%) Middleware Engineer
12 50 (3.29%) Middleware Developer
13 43 (2.83%) Business Analyst
13 43 (2.83%) Technical Architect
14 42 (2.76%) Middleware Consultant
15 39 (2.56%) Integration Architect
16 36 (2.37%) Administrator
16 36 (2.37%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 240 (15.78%) XML
2 207 (13.61%) JSON
3 172 (11.31%) Web Services
4 166 (10.91%) Apache Camel
5 158 (10.39%) XSLT
6 136 (8.94%) .NET
7 134 (8.81%) SOAP
8 132 (8.68%) RESTful
9 127 (8.35%) REST
10 125 (8.22%) Spring
11 117 (7.69%) J2EE
12 107 (7.03%) HTML
13 90 (5.92%) AngularJS
14 82 (5.39%) WireMock
15 80 (5.26%) HTML5
16 79 (5.19%) CSS
17 74 (4.87%) Swagger
18 66 (4.34%) Oracle Fusion
19 63 (4.14%) RabbitMQ
20 51 (3.35%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 95 (6.25%) Greenfield Project
2 84 (5.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 72 (4.73%) Analytical Skills
4 59 (3.88%) Enterprise Software
5 46 (3.02%) Derivative
6 45 (2.96%) Fixed Income
7 41 (2.70%) Mainframe
8 40 (2.63%) Data Centre
9 39 (2.56%) Computer Science
10 37 (2.43%) Virtual Team
11 33 (2.17%) Client/Server
11 33 (2.17%) Management Information System
12 31 (2.04%) Equities
13 28 (1.84%) SWIFT
14 24 (1.58%) DataPower
14 24 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (1.38%) N-Tier
16 20 (1.31%) PKI
16 20 (1.31%) User Experience
17 19 (1.25%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 512 (33.66%) Linux
2 321 (21.10%) Unix
3 237 (15.58%) Windows
4 121 (7.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 119 (7.82%) Solaris
6 52 (3.42%) AIX
6 52 (3.42%) Windows Server
7 28 (1.84%) Mac OS X
8 22 (1.45%) zOS
9 20 (1.31%) Windows Server 2008
10 19 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.66%) HPUX
12 6 (0.39%) Oracle Linux
12 6 (0.39%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.33%) CentOS
13 5 (0.33%) SUSE
14 4 (0.26%) Android
15 3 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
15 3 (0.20%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.20%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (39.45%) Agile Software Development
2 344 (22.62%) SOA
3 293 (19.26%) TDD
4 275 (18.08%) DevOps
5 259 (17.03%) Scrum
6 164 (10.78%) Continuous Integration
7 141 (9.27%) Test Automation
8 136 (8.94%) Business Intelligence
9 126 (8.28%) Configuration Management
10 122 (8.02%) Multithreading
11 113 (7.43%) Programme Management
12 111 (7.30%) Migration
13 108 (7.10%) Digital Marketing
14 92 (6.05%) Mentoring
15 89 (5.85%) Kanban
15 89 (5.85%) Open Source
16 88 (5.79%) SDLC
17 87 (5.72%) ITIL
18 85 (5.59%) Software Engineering
19 84 (5.52%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 417 (27.42%) Java
2 341 (22.42%) SQL
3 139 (9.14%) Perl
4 123 (8.09%) JavaScript
5 116 (7.63%) Python
6 106 (6.97%) Shell Script
7 102 (6.71%) C#
8 92 (6.05%) XPath
9 85 (5.59%) C++
10 42 (2.76%) Scala
11 38 (2.50%) Groovy
12 37 (2.43%) C
13 35 (2.30%) PowerShell
14 23 (1.51%) T-SQL
15 22 (1.45%) JCL
15 22 (1.45%) PL/SQL
16 21 (1.38%) ES6
16 21 (1.38%) TypeScript
17 17 (1.12%) Korn
18 15 (0.99%) REXX
Qualifications
1 71 (4.67%) Security Cleared
2 67 (4.40%) Degree
3 54 (3.55%) SC Cleared
4 17 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (0.79%) CISSP
6 10 (0.66%) CISM
7 9 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.46%) CISA
8 7 (0.46%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.39%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.39%) ISEB
9 6 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.33%) CCIE
10 5 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.20%) CCNA
12 3 (0.20%) EMC Certification
12 3 (0.20%) MCSE
12 3 (0.20%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.37%) QA
2 26 (1.71%) MiFID
3 14 (0.92%) SLA
4 10 (0.66%) Disclosure Scotland
4 10 (0.66%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.46%) GCP
6 5 (0.33%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.20%) AIFMD
8 3 (0.20%) FATCA
8 3 (0.20%) IFRS
8 3 (0.20%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.13%) GDPR
10 1 (0.066%) EMIR
10 1 (0.066%) Government Security Classifications
10 1 (0.066%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.066%) OIPF
10 1 (0.066%) PMO
10 1 (0.066%) SEPA
10 1 (0.066%) TARGET2
System Software
1 129 (8.48%) Docker
2 51 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 48 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (2.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 27 (1.78%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (1.64%) HDFS
7 21 (1.38%) Time Sharing Option
8 20 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
9 15 (0.99%) RACF
10 14 (0.92%) Job Entry Subsystem
11 12 (0.79%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.53%) Hyper-V
13 5 (0.33%) ISA Server
14 4 (0.26%) vSphere
15 3 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.20%) Platform Symphony
15 3 (0.20%) XenApp
16 2 (0.13%) KVM
16 2 (0.13%) RHEV
16 2 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 133 (8.74%) Puppet
2 121 (7.96%) Ansible
3 88 (5.79%) Opscode Chef
4 35 (2.30%) Kubernetes
5 22 (1.45%) Terraform
6 18 (1.18%) Hadoop YARN
7 14 (0.92%) Oracle Identity Management
7 14 (0.92%) Rancher
7 14 (0.92%) Tivoli
7 14 (0.92%) zSecure
8 12 (0.79%) ZABBIX
9 11 (0.72%) Kibana
9 11 (0.72%) MOM
9 11 (0.72%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.66%) logstash
10 10 (0.66%) Nagios
10 10 (0.66%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 10 (0.66%) Red Hat Satellite
10 10 (0.66%) SELinux
11 9 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 393 (25.84%) Oracle
2 162 (10.65%) TIBCO
3 160 (10.52%) SAP
4 153 (10.06%) IBM
5 139 (9.14%) WSO2
6 131 (8.61%) Microsoft
7 118 (7.76%) Red Hat
8 67 (4.40%) VMware
9 64 (4.21%) Solace
10 58 (3.81%) MuleSoft
11 37 (2.43%) Talarian
12 36 (2.37%) CA
12 36 (2.37%) Sybase
13 32 (2.10%) Citrix
13 32 (2.10%) Workday
14 29 (1.91%) HP
15 28 (1.84%) Splunk
16 27 (1.78%) webMethods
17 24 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
18 23 (1.51%) BEA