Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 258 201 220
Rank change year-on-year -57 +19 -27
Contract jobs citing Middleware 604 1,372 1,261
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.00% 1.42% 1.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.32% 4.31% 3.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 390 863 810
Median daily rate £520 £520 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.46% +7.89%
10th Percentile £374 £358 £369
90th Percentile £675 £675 £665
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 17 7
Median hourly rate £50.50 £58.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.04% +67.86% -30.00%
10th Percentile £45.25 £45.20 £22.90
90th Percentile £68.75 £63.40 £58.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.50 £58.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year -14.04% +38.24% -15.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,189 31,869 32,695
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.03% 32.92% 32.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,291 22,486 23,085
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +10.47%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 314 323
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +3.66% +1.54%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £17.52
90th Percentile £65.54 £60.00 £59.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.41% +3.75%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 542 £525 - 130
UK excluding London -73 336 £475 -5.00% 92
London +21 254 £550 -8.33% 46
South East -24 111 £483 -0.10% 23
North of England +26 66 £425 -5.56% 24
South West -32 63 £525 +10.53% 20
North West +35 47 £450 -5.26% 13
East of England -30 30 £550 +4.76% 7
Scotland -12 24 £438 -2.78% 7
Wales +28 17 £420 -16.00% 1
Midlands -55 17 £500 +4.17% 10
Work from Home -15 15 £525 +2.44% 5
Yorkshire +43 12 £413 -24.14% 6
West Midlands -29 9 - - 7
Northern Ireland +21 8 £450 +38.46%
North East +19 7 £400 - 5
East Midlands -3 7 £500 +5.26% 3

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 213 (35.26%) Agile Software Development
2 206 (34.11%) Oracle
3 189 (31.29%) Java
4 156 (25.83%) SQL
5 153 (25.33%) Finance
6 146 (24.17%) Linux
7 139 (23.01%) SOA
8 110 (18.21%) DevOps
9 109 (18.05%) Web Services
10 100 (16.56%) AWS
11 96 (15.89%) REST
12 95 (15.73%) Windows
13 83 (13.74%) SOAP
14 81 (13.41%) Oracle Fusion
15 80 (13.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 79 (13.08%) Continuous Integration
16 79 (13.08%) Jenkins
17 77 (12.75%) Oracle Database
17 77 (12.75%) XML
18 76 (12.58%) Microservices
19 75 (12.42%) TDD
20 72 (11.92%) Migration
20 72 (11.92%) Ansible
21 71 (11.75%) Security Cleared
21 71 (11.75%) JIRA
21 71 (11.75%) Unix
22 70 (11.59%) Scrum
23 66 (10.93%) .NET
23 66 (10.93%) Azure
24 65 (10.76%) Problem-Solving

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (13.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 64 (10.60%) WebLogic
3 54 (8.94%) Oracle Service Bus
4 38 (6.29%) Red Hat Fuse
5 37 (6.13%) Tomcat
6 35 (5.79%) WebSphere
7 34 (5.63%) JBoss
8 30 (4.97%) Mule
9 23 (3.81%) Confluence
10 19 (3.15%) Apache
10 19 (3.15%) BizTalk Server
11 18 (2.98%) IIS
12 15 (2.48%) Apache ServiceMix
13 14 (2.32%) nginx
14 11 (1.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 11 (1.82%) Oracle Workflow
15 10 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
15 10 (1.66%) WebLogic Portal
15 10 (1.66%) WebSphere Application Server
16 8 (1.32%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 9 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.66%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.66%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 20 (3.31%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (2.65%) Oracle EBS
3 12 (1.99%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.99%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.83%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.66%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.50%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.50%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.33%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.33%) ResourceLink
9 1 (0.17%) Documaker
9 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.17%) HFM
9 1 (0.17%) Magento
9 1 (0.17%) Maximo
9 1 (0.17%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
9 1 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.17%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 100 (16.56%) AWS
2 66 (10.93%) Azure
3 32 (5.30%) SaaS
4 26 (4.30%) PaaS
5 23 (3.81%) GitHub
6 16 (2.65%) Cloud Computing
6 16 (2.65%) IaaS
7 13 (2.15%) OpenShift
8 12 (1.99%) Power Platform
9 11 (1.82%) iPaaS
10 10 (1.66%) GCP
10 10 (1.66%) Serverless
11 9 (1.49%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 9 (1.49%) Boomi
12 8 (1.32%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.32%) Apigee
13 7 (1.16%) Azure Active Directory
13 7 (1.16%) Heroku
13 7 (1.16%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 6 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 30 (4.97%) Firewall
2 29 (4.80%) HTTP
3 24 (3.97%) SSL
4 22 (3.64%) TCP/IP
5 15 (2.48%) DNS
6 12 (1.99%) DHCP
6 12 (1.99%) FTP
7 8 (1.32%) AMQP
8 7 (1.16%) LAN
8 7 (1.16%) WAN
9 5 (0.83%) BGP
9 5 (0.83%) VPN
10 3 (0.50%) Bluetooth
10 3 (0.50%) EIGRP
10 3 (0.50%) NetScreen
10 3 (0.50%) OSPF
10 3 (0.50%) RIP
10 3 (0.50%) SAN
10 3 (0.50%) SMTP
10 3 (0.50%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (12.75%) Oracle Database
2 62 (10.26%) SQL Server
3 34 (5.63%) Oracle Database 12c
4 28 (4.64%) Relational Database
5 26 (4.30%) Oracle Database 11g
6 24 (3.97%) Data Warehouse
7 23 (3.81%) NoSQL
8 18 (2.98%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (2.81%) Oracle ODI
10 16 (2.65%) MySQL
11 12 (1.99%) Oracle Exadata
11 12 (1.99%) Power BI
11 12 (1.99%) RDBMS
12 11 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 10 (1.66%) Big Data
14 8 (1.32%) SQL Server 2008
14 8 (1.32%) SQL Server 2012
15 7 (1.16%) Oracle Database 10g
16 6 (0.99%) MongoDB
16 6 (0.99%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 79 (13.08%) Jenkins
2 71 (11.75%) JIRA
3 64 (10.60%) Git (software)
4 24 (3.97%) Maven
5 23 (3.81%) Cucumber
5 23 (3.81%) JUnit
6 22 (3.64%) GitLab
7 18 (2.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 13 (2.15%) Subversion
9 12 (1.99%) Visual Studio
10 11 (1.82%) NUnit
11 10 (1.66%) Eclipse
11 10 (1.66%) Oracle Forms
11 10 (1.66%) Selenium
11 10 (1.66%) Vagrant
12 9 (1.49%) SoapUI
12 9 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
12 9 (1.49%) WebDriver
13 8 (1.32%) Sonatype Nexus
13 8 (1.32%) SpecFlow
General
1 153 (25.33%) Finance
2 59 (9.77%) Banking
3 57 (9.44%) Public Sector
4 53 (8.77%) Marketing
5 48 (7.95%) Telecoms
6 34 (5.63%) Manufacturing
7 32 (5.30%) Electronics
8 27 (4.47%) Investment Banking
9 20 (3.31%) Front Office
10 19 (3.15%) Retail
11 11 (1.82%) Back Office
12 6 (0.99%) Legal
13 5 (0.83%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.66%) Automotive
14 4 (0.66%) Law
15 3 (0.50%) Billing
15 3 (0.50%) French Language
15 3 (0.50%) German Language
15 3 (0.50%) Military
15 3 (0.50%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 165 (27.32%) Developer
2 118 (19.54%) Architect
3 75 (12.42%) Java Developer
4 33 (5.46%) Solutions Architect
5 32 (5.30%) Analyst
6 27 (4.47%) Consultant
7 24 (3.97%) DBA
8 21 (3.48%) DevOps Engineer
8 21 (3.48%) Oracle DBA
8 21 (3.48%) Senior Developer
9 20 (3.31%) Integration Developer
10 19 (3.15%) Middleware Developer
11 18 (2.98%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 18 (2.98%) Integration Architect
12 17 (2.81%) Middleware Engineer
12 17 (2.81%) Project Manager
12 17 (2.81%) Senior Java Developer
13 16 (2.65%) Automation Engineer
13 16 (2.65%) Oracle Developer
13 16 (2.65%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (18.05%) Web Services
2 96 (15.89%) REST
3 83 (13.74%) SOAP
4 81 (13.41%) Oracle Fusion
5 77 (12.75%) XML
6 66 (10.93%) .NET
7 64 (10.60%) JSON
8 57 (9.44%) Spring
9 54 (8.94%) RESTful
10 41 (6.79%) Apache Camel
11 31 (5.13%) RabbitMQ
12 30 (4.97%) React
13 29 (4.80%) XSLT
14 28 (4.64%) Swagger
15 26 (4.30%) HTML
16 24 (3.97%) Node.js
17 22 (3.64%) AngularJS
17 22 (3.64%) JMS
17 22 (3.64%) Spring Boot
18 20 (3.31%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 62 (10.26%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (3.97%) Enterprise Software
3 22 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
4 19 (3.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 16 (2.65%) Replication
6 14 (2.32%) Private Cloud
7 13 (2.15%) Data Centre
7 13 (2.15%) Derivative
7 13 (2.15%) Management Information System
7 13 (2.15%) Mobile App
8 12 (1.99%) Client/Server
8 12 (1.99%) PKI
9 10 (1.66%) EPoS
10 9 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.32%) Credit Risk
11 8 (1.32%) Fixed Income
12 7 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
12 7 (1.16%) Virtual Team
13 6 (0.99%) Credit Derivative
13 6 (0.99%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 146 (24.17%) Linux
2 95 (15.73%) Windows
3 71 (11.75%) Unix
4 44 (7.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 36 (5.96%) Windows Server
6 19 (3.15%) Solaris
7 10 (1.66%) Android
8 9 (1.49%) Oracle Linux
9 8 (1.32%) CentOS
10 7 (1.16%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.99%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.83%) AIX
12 5 (0.83%) Apple iOS
12 5 (0.83%) Windows XP
13 4 (0.66%) VME
13 4 (0.66%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.50%) HPUX
14 3 (0.50%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
15 2 (0.33%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 213 (35.26%) Agile Software Development
2 139 (23.01%) SOA
3 110 (18.21%) DevOps
4 79 (13.08%) Continuous Integration
5 76 (12.58%) Microservices
6 75 (12.42%) TDD
7 72 (11.92%) Migration
8 70 (11.59%) Scrum
9 65 (10.76%) Problem-Solving
10 62 (10.26%) Test Automation
11 52 (8.61%) ITIL
12 49 (8.11%) Business Intelligence
13 48 (7.95%) SDLC
14 45 (7.45%) High Availability
15 44 (7.28%) Stakeholder Management
16 41 (6.79%) Software Engineering
17 37 (6.13%) Project Delivery
18 36 (5.96%) Data Integration
18 36 (5.96%) OO
18 36 (5.96%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 189 (31.29%) Java
2 156 (25.83%) SQL
3 64 (10.60%) Python
4 52 (8.61%) JavaScript
5 48 (7.95%) C#
6 32 (5.30%) PL/SQL
7 27 (4.47%) Shell Script
8 24 (3.97%) PowerShell
9 22 (3.64%) C
10 21 (3.48%) C++
11 20 (3.31%) Bash Shell
12 17 (2.81%) Java 8
13 16 (2.65%) XPath
14 15 (2.48%) TypeScript
15 14 (2.32%) Perl
16 12 (1.99%) Groovy
17 11 (1.82%) PHP
18 9 (1.49%) VB.NET
19 8 (1.32%) ActionScript
19 8 (1.32%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 71 (11.75%) Security Cleared
2 53 (8.77%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.81%) Degree
4 16 (2.65%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
6 6 (0.99%) Cisco Certification
6 6 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.83%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.50%) CCIE
9 3 (0.50%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.33%) CTC Cleared
10 2 (0.33%) HNC
10 2 (0.33%) ISEB
10 2 (0.33%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.33%) MCSE
10 2 (0.33%) OCP
10 2 (0.33%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.33%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 17 (2.81%) QA
3 8 (1.32%) SLA
4 5 (0.83%) GDPR
4 5 (0.83%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.66%) RMADS
6 3 (0.50%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.50%) JSP 440
6 3 (0.50%) PMO
7 2 (0.33%) HL7
7 2 (0.33%) ISAE 3402
7 2 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.17%) MiFID
System Software
1 47 (7.78%) Docker
2 31 (5.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (3.97%) Active Directory
4 20 (3.31%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (1.66%) NFS
5 10 (1.66%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (1.66%) XenApp
6 8 (1.32%) Hyper-V
7 7 (1.16%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.66%) vSphere
9 3 (0.50%) OpenAM
9 3 (0.50%) OpenDJ
9 3 (0.50%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.33%) GFS2
10 2 (0.33%) Samba
10 2 (0.33%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.17%) SRDF
11 1 (0.17%) Xen
Systems Management
1 72 (11.92%) Ansible
2 36 (5.96%) Kubernetes
3 30 (4.97%) Terraform
4 29 (4.80%) Puppet
5 21 (3.48%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (2.48%) Data Guard
7 14 (2.32%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 14 (2.32%) Oracle Identity Management
7 14 (2.32%) Oracle RMAN
7 14 (2.32%) vRealize
8 12 (1.99%) logstash
8 12 (1.99%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 10 (1.66%) Packer
10 9 (1.49%) Grafana
11 8 (1.32%) Prometheus
12 7 (1.16%) Consul
13 6 (0.99%) HP Operations Orchestration
13 6 (0.99%) Kibana
14 5 (0.83%) Control-M
14 5 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 206 (34.11%) Oracle
2 57 (9.44%) Microsoft
3 48 (7.95%) IBM
4 47 (7.78%) Red Hat
5 37 (6.13%) SAP
5 37 (6.13%) VMware
6 27 (4.47%) MuleSoft
7 25 (4.14%) HP
8 24 (3.97%) WSO2
9 23 (3.81%) TIBCO
10 21 (3.48%) Talend
11 16 (2.65%) Axway
11 16 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (2.15%) Citrix
13 11 (1.82%) Adobe
13 11 (1.82%) Splunk
13 11 (1.82%) webMethods
14 10 (1.66%) Dell
15 9 (1.49%) Google
16 8 (1.32%) Terracotta