Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 191 223 197
Rank change year-on-year +32 -26 -12
Contract jobs citing Middleware 558 1,181 1,461
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.35% 1.26% 1.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.39% 3.91% 4.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 403 735 898
Median daily rate £500 £515 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.91% -1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £367 £379
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £490 £500
% change year-on-year -3.06% -2.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 7
Median hourly rate £66.00 £45.25 £39.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.86% +14.92% -10.00%
10th Percentile £39.20 £38.68 £22.90
90th Percentile £68.75 £60.00 £59.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £53.00 £44.50 £29.50
% change year-on-year +19.10% +50.85% +18.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,703 30,178 34,838
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.76% 32.32% 33.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,536 21,139 24,456
Median daily rate £500 £490 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £333 £335 £315
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 321 363
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +2.44%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £15.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £60.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 508 £520 -0.95% 53
UK excluding London -1 293 £475 -3.06% 40
London +83 252 £525 -10.26% 18
South East +22 90 £477 +0.49% 6
South West +53 72 £525 +5.00% 10
North of England +52 38 £425 - 9
Work from Home 0 34 £450 -12.20% 8
East of England -7 34 £525 -
North West +45 28 £450 +4.65% 6
Midlands +9 17 £488 -5.34% 10
Wales +38 16 £460 -3.16% 1
Scotland +9 15 £425 -1.16% 4
Northern Ireland +27 11 £450 -
West Midlands +18 11 £450 -19.10% 7
Yorkshire +50 5 £325 -30.67% 3
North East +29 5 £400 -
East Midlands +19 5 £550 +22.22% 3

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 210 (37.63%) Java
2 202 (36.20%) Oracle
3 192 (34.41%) Agile Software Development
4 152 (27.24%) Finance
5 140 (25.09%) Linux
5 140 (25.09%) SOA
6 128 (22.94%) SQL
7 123 (22.04%) DevOps
8 115 (20.61%) Web Services
9 89 (15.95%) Banking
9 89 (15.95%) AWS
10 88 (15.77%) XML
10 88 (15.77%) Windows
11 86 (15.41%) SOAP
12 85 (15.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 80 (14.34%) Oracle Database
14 79 (14.16%) Unix
14 79 (14.16%) TDD
15 78 (13.98%) Oracle Fusion
16 74 (13.26%) Apache Camel
17 73 (13.08%) Azure
18 71 (12.72%) Security Cleared
18 71 (12.72%) Business Intelligence
19 70 (12.54%) Spring
19 70 (12.54%) REST
20 69 (12.37%) Marketing
20 69 (12.37%) JSON
21 67 (12.01%) Public Sector
22 66 (11.83%) Test Automation
23 65 (11.65%) JIRA

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (15.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 64 (11.47%) WebLogic
3 59 (10.57%) Oracle Service Bus
4 55 (9.86%) Mule
5 54 (9.68%) Red Hat Fuse
6 46 (8.24%) WebSphere
7 42 (7.53%) JBoss
8 35 (6.27%) Tomcat
9 26 (4.66%) Apache
10 22 (3.94%) Confluence
10 22 (3.94%) WebSphere Application Server
11 18 (3.23%) IIS
12 14 (2.51%) Apache ServiceMix
13 11 (1.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 11 (1.97%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (1.97%) WebLogic Portal
14 9 (1.61%) nginx
15 7 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
15 7 (1.25%) Tuxedo
16 6 (1.08%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 11 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.36%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (4.12%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (2.33%) Oracle Applications
3 12 (2.15%) Payment Gateway
4 11 (1.97%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (1.25%) Documaker
6 5 (0.90%) Oracle ERP
7 4 (0.72%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.36%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.36%) ResourceLink
8 2 (0.36%) Siebel CRM
8 2 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 1 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
9 1 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
9 1 (0.18%) SAP HCM
9 1 (0.18%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 89 (15.95%) AWS
2 73 (13.08%) Azure
3 33 (5.91%) SaaS
4 26 (4.66%) PaaS
5 20 (3.58%) GitHub
6 19 (3.41%) IaaS
7 15 (2.69%) Power Platform
8 14 (2.51%) Apigee
8 14 (2.51%) OpenShift
9 12 (2.15%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (2.15%) GCP
10 10 (1.79%) iPaaS
11 9 (1.61%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 8 (1.43%) Boomi
12 8 (1.43%) Serverless
13 6 (1.08%) Heroku
13 6 (1.08%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 5 (0.90%) Azure Stack
14 5 (0.90%) BlazeMeter
14 5 (0.90%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.38%) HTTP
2 29 (5.20%) Firewall
3 28 (5.02%) SSL
4 19 (3.41%) TCP/IP
5 13 (2.33%) DNS
6 11 (1.97%) FTP
7 8 (1.43%) DHCP
7 8 (1.43%) Network Security
8 5 (0.90%) LAN
8 5 (0.90%) VPN
8 5 (0.90%) WAN
9 4 (0.72%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.72%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 4 (0.72%) Internet
9 4 (0.72%) NetScreen
9 4 (0.72%) SNMP
9 4 (0.72%) VLAN
10 3 (0.54%) AMQP
11 2 (0.36%) iSCSI
11 2 (0.36%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (14.34%) Oracle Database
2 52 (9.32%) SQL Server
3 49 (8.78%) Oracle Database 12c
4 40 (7.17%) Relational Database
5 30 (5.38%) Oracle Database 11g
6 16 (2.87%) MySQL
7 14 (2.51%) NoSQL
8 13 (2.33%) PostgreSQL
8 13 (2.33%) Power BI
9 12 (2.15%) Oracle ODI
10 11 (1.97%) Oracle Database 10g
11 10 (1.79%) Oracle Exadata
11 10 (1.79%) RDBMS
12 9 (1.61%) Data Warehouse
12 9 (1.61%) MongoDB
12 9 (1.61%) Oracle BI EE
13 6 (1.08%) Oracle Reports
14 4 (0.72%) Crystal Reports
14 4 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
14 4 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 65 (11.65%) JIRA
2 53 (9.50%) Jenkins
3 47 (8.42%) Git (software)
4 41 (7.35%) Maven
5 24 (4.30%) Subversion
6 19 (3.41%) JUnit
7 18 (3.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 16 (2.87%) Cucumber
9 14 (2.51%) SoapUI
10 13 (2.33%) Ant
10 13 (2.33%) GitLab
10 13 (2.33%) Visual Studio
11 10 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
11 10 (1.79%) Zephyr
12 9 (1.61%) NUnit
13 8 (1.43%) JMeter
14 7 (1.25%) Selenium
14 7 (1.25%) Vagrant
15 6 (1.08%) Eclipse
15 6 (1.08%) Oracle Forms
General
1 152 (27.24%) Finance
2 89 (15.95%) Banking
3 69 (12.37%) Marketing
4 67 (12.01%) Public Sector
5 55 (9.86%) Telecoms
6 50 (8.96%) Investment Banking
7 49 (8.78%) Manufacturing
8 47 (8.42%) Electronics
9 45 (8.06%) Front Office
10 11 (1.97%) Back Office
11 10 (1.79%) Retail
12 6 (1.08%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.54%) Advertising
13 3 (0.54%) Billing
13 3 (0.54%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.54%) Legal
14 2 (0.36%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.36%) Automotive
14 2 (0.36%) French Language
14 2 (0.36%) German Language
Job Titles
1 158 (28.32%) Developer
2 103 (18.46%) Java Developer
3 97 (17.38%) Architect
4 45 (8.06%) Integration Developer
5 39 (6.99%) Consultant
5 39 (6.99%) Senior Developer
6 35 (6.27%) Senior Java Developer
7 31 (5.56%) Analyst
7 31 (5.56%) DBA
8 28 (5.02%) Oracle DBA
9 26 (4.66%) Middleware Engineer
10 24 (4.30%) Solutions Architect
11 20 (3.58%) Senior Integration Developer
12 16 (2.87%) Administrator
13 15 (2.69%) Middleware Developer
14 14 (2.51%) DevOps Engineer
14 14 (2.51%) Lead Developer
15 13 (2.33%) Integration Architect
15 13 (2.33%) Project Manager
15 13 (2.33%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (20.61%) Web Services
2 88 (15.77%) XML
3 86 (15.41%) SOAP
4 78 (13.98%) Oracle Fusion
5 74 (13.26%) Apache Camel
6 70 (12.54%) REST
6 70 (12.54%) Spring
7 69 (12.37%) JSON
8 64 (11.47%) RESTful
9 50 (8.96%) XSLT
10 45 (8.06%) .NET
11 38 (6.81%) Swagger
12 35 (6.27%) WireMock
13 25 (4.48%) Spring Integration
14 24 (4.30%) JMS
15 20 (3.58%) J2EE
15 20 (3.58%) Node.js
16 19 (3.41%) Java EE
16 19 (3.41%) Spring Boot
17 18 (3.23%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 45 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
2 18 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (2.69%) Data Centre
3 15 (2.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (2.33%) Private Cloud
5 12 (2.15%) DataPower
5 12 (2.15%) Management Information System
5 12 (2.15%) Replication
6 11 (1.97%) Client/Server
6 11 (1.97%) PKI
7 9 (1.61%) Credit Risk
8 8 (1.43%) Fixed Income
8 8 (1.43%) Mobile App
9 7 (1.25%) Clustering
9 7 (1.25%) Derivative
10 6 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
10 6 (1.08%) Virtual Team
11 5 (0.90%) Cloud Native
11 5 (0.90%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 140 (25.09%) Linux
2 88 (15.77%) Windows
3 79 (14.16%) Unix
4 33 (5.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (5.38%) Windows Server
6 13 (2.33%) Oracle Linux
6 13 (2.33%) Solaris
7 7 (1.25%) Android
7 7 (1.25%) CentOS
8 5 (0.90%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.90%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.72%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.72%) VME
10 3 (0.54%) AIX
10 3 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (0.54%) Windows XP
11 2 (0.36%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.36%) VMS
11 2 (0.36%) zOS
12 1 (0.18%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 192 (34.41%) Agile Software Development
2 140 (25.09%) SOA
3 123 (22.04%) DevOps
4 79 (14.16%) TDD
5 71 (12.72%) Business Intelligence
6 66 (11.83%) Test Automation
7 63 (11.29%) Continuous Integration
8 60 (10.75%) Problem-Solving
9 59 (10.57%) Migration
10 55 (9.86%) Scrum
11 53 (9.50%) Microservices
12 50 (8.96%) Programme Management
13 49 (8.78%) SDLC
14 47 (8.42%) Digital Marketing
15 45 (8.06%) ITIL
16 40 (7.17%) High Availability
17 36 (6.45%) Stakeholder Management
18 34 (6.09%) OO
19 32 (5.73%) Performance Tuning
20 31 (5.56%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 210 (37.63%) Java
2 128 (22.94%) SQL
3 48 (8.60%) Python
4 35 (6.27%) Shell Script
5 33 (5.91%) XPath
6 32 (5.73%) C#
7 28 (5.02%) JavaScript
8 25 (4.48%) PL/SQL
9 22 (3.94%) PowerShell
10 19 (3.41%) C++
11 18 (3.23%) C
12 15 (2.69%) Bash Shell
12 15 (2.69%) Java 8
13 14 (2.51%) Perl
14 12 (2.15%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
15 10 (1.79%) TypeScript
16 9 (1.61%) Groovy
16 9 (1.61%) PHP
17 8 (1.43%) VB.NET
18 7 (1.25%) ActionScript
Qualifications
1 71 (12.72%) Security Cleared
2 61 (10.93%) SC Cleared
3 19 (3.41%) Degree
4 11 (1.97%) DV Cleared
5 7 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
5 7 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.90%) ISEB
7 4 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.72%) CISSP
7 4 (0.72%) GCED
7 4 (0.72%) GCIA
7 4 (0.72%) GCIH
7 4 (0.72%) GIAC
7 4 (0.72%) GISF
7 4 (0.72%) GPPA
7 4 (0.72%) GSEC
8 3 (0.54%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 3 (0.54%) CCSP
8 3 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.36%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.94%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 18 (3.23%) QA
3 8 (1.43%) SLA
4 5 (0.90%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.54%) GDPR
6 2 (0.36%) HL7
6 2 (0.36%) ISAE 3402
6 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.36%) PMO
7 1 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.18%) MiFID
7 1 (0.18%) RMADS
System Software
1 43 (7.71%) Docker
2 25 (4.48%) Active Directory
3 22 (3.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (2.51%) Oracle RAC
5 6 (1.08%) NFS
5 6 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.72%) Firmware
6 4 (0.72%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.72%) Microsoft App-V
6 4 (0.72%) vSphere
6 4 (0.72%) XenApp
7 3 (0.54%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.54%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.36%) GFS2
8 2 (0.36%) Samba
8 2 (0.36%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 59 (10.57%) Ansible
2 37 (6.63%) Kubernetes
3 23 (4.12%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (4.12%) Puppet
4 21 (3.76%) Terraform
5 15 (2.69%) Oracle Identity Management
6 14 (2.51%) vRealize
7 12 (2.15%) Data Guard
7 12 (2.15%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 11 (1.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 11 (1.97%) Oracle RMAN
9 8 (1.43%) Grafana
9 8 (1.43%) logstash
9 8 (1.43%) Packer
10 7 (1.25%) Consul
10 7 (1.25%) Prometheus
11 6 (1.08%) HP Operations Orchestration
11 6 (1.08%) Nessus
12 5 (0.90%) Control-M
12 5 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 202 (36.20%) Oracle
2 53 (9.50%) SAP
3 46 (8.24%) IBM
4 40 (7.17%) WSO2
5 37 (6.63%) Microsoft
6 34 (6.09%) Talend
7 28 (5.02%) Red Hat
8 26 (4.66%) VMware
9 23 (4.12%) MuleSoft
10 20 (3.58%) Splunk
11 19 (3.41%) HP
12 18 (3.23%) TIBCO
13 14 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
14 13 (2.33%) Axway
15 12 (2.15%) Dell
16 11 (1.97%) Adobe
17 10 (1.79%) webMethods
18 9 (1.61%) Terracotta
19 7 (1.25%) F5
19 7 (1.25%) Jitterbit