Period
to 25 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 214 177 153
Rank change year-on-year -37 -24 +24
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1,297 1,312 1,786
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.45% 1.69%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.89% 4.54% 5.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 794 830 1,113
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -1.91%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £307
90th Percentile £674 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £440
% change year-on-year +8.11% +5.11% -2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 7 20
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £23.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +52.17% -43.90% +2.50%
10th Percentile £21.10 £15.08 £26.18
90th Percentile £64.75 £53.00 £66.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.25 £16.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +113.64% -52.86% -12.50%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,307 28,917 30,176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.81% 31.99% 28.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,462 20,011 21,035
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 353 436
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £40.26 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +5.95% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.19 £13.50
90th Percentile £65.45 £53.75 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £40.00 £37.75
% change year-on-year +1.88% +5.96% +7.86%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 1,197 £525 +5.11% 251
UK excluding London -10 775 £500 +8.11% 180
London -42 485 £550 +4.76% 97
South East +34 285 £500 +11.11% 51
East of England -8 147 £525 +5.00% 21
North of England -60 134 £445 +4.71% 44
Midlands +9 111 £530 +11.58% 24
West Midlands +2 98 £530 +11.58% 17
North West -56 81 £500 +16.21% 18
Scotland -8 55 £425 -4.49% 17
Yorkshire -16 42 £395 -7.06% 23
South West -35 28 £435 -11.45% 14
Wales -4 15 £450 - 8
East Midlands -14 13 £513 +21.30% 7
North East -1 11 £600 +95.12% 3

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 499 (38.47%) Agile Software Development
2 498 (38.40%) Java
3 429 (33.08%) Linux
4 369 (28.45%) Oracle
5 331 (25.52%) Finance
6 279 (21.51%) Unix
7 261 (20.12%) SOA
8 236 (18.20%) Jenkins
9 226 (17.42%) Web Services
10 225 (17.35%) TDD
11 222 (17.12%) SQL
12 216 (16.65%) DevOps
13 197 (15.19%) JSON
13 197 (15.19%) Git (software)
14 194 (14.96%) XML
15 193 (14.88%) Amazon AWS
16 184 (14.19%) Windows
17 178 (13.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 171 (13.18%) Apache
19 169 (13.03%) RESTful
19 169 (13.03%) Spring
20 164 (12.64%) Scrum
21 161 (12.41%) Python
22 156 (12.03%) Maven
23 151 (11.64%) IBM
24 142 (10.95%) Continuous Integration
24 142 (10.95%) REST
25 140 (10.79%) Banking
26 139 (10.72%) SOAP
27 125 (9.64%) .NET

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (13.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 171 (13.18%) Apache
3 121 (9.33%) JBoss
4 120 (9.25%) Oracle Service Bus
5 118 (9.10%) WebSphere
6 93 (7.17%) Mule
7 91 (7.02%) WebLogic
8 75 (5.78%) Tomcat
9 49 (3.78%) Confluence
10 47 (3.62%) Apache Spark
11 46 (3.55%) IIS
12 41 (3.16%) WebSphere Application Server
13 28 (2.16%) BizTalk Server
14 27 (2.08%) CMS
15 24 (1.85%) Cloud Foundry
16 16 (1.23%) Documentum
16 16 (1.23%) GemFire
17 10 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 10 (0.77%) IBM HTTP Server
17 10 (0.77%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 6 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
1 6 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
2 5 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.31%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.31%) Windchill
4 3 (0.23%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 27 (2.08%) Siebel CRM
2 26 (2.00%) Oracle Applications
3 21 (1.62%) Oracle Utilities
4 15 (1.16%) Oracle EBS
5 11 (0.85%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.54%) BusinessWorks
6 7 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
6 7 (0.54%) thinkFolio
7 6 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
7 6 (0.46%) SAP HCM
8 5 (0.39%) Markit EDM
8 5 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.39%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 4 (0.31%) Maximo
9 4 (0.31%) Oracle CRM
9 4 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
10 3 (0.23%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
10 3 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
10 3 (0.23%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 193 (14.88%) Amazon AWS
2 81 (6.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 67 (5.17%) PaaS
4 53 (4.09%) Cloud Computing
4 53 (4.09%) SaaS
5 46 (3.55%) GitHub
6 41 (3.16%) IaaS
7 31 (2.39%) OpenShift
8 21 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (1.62%) Amazon S3
9 17 (1.31%) npm
10 14 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 13 (1.00%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 12 (0.93%) Amazon ELB
13 11 (0.85%) Serverless
14 10 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (0.69%) Boomi
15 9 (0.69%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 7 (0.54%) AWS CloudFormation
16 7 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 53 (4.09%) HTTP
2 48 (3.70%) SSL
3 44 (3.39%) TCP/IP
4 41 (3.16%) Firewall
5 23 (1.77%) SAN
6 22 (1.70%) DNS
7 20 (1.54%) WAN
8 19 (1.46%) LAN
9 18 (1.39%) FTP
10 16 (1.23%) NAS
11 12 (0.93%) HTTPS
11 12 (0.93%) Internet
11 12 (0.93%) Network Security
12 11 (0.85%) AMQP
12 11 (0.85%) Kerberos
12 11 (0.85%) SMS
13 9 (0.69%) SSH
14 8 (0.62%) DHCP
15 7 (0.54%) Intranet
15 7 (0.54%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (9.41%) Oracle Database
2 117 (9.02%) SQL Server
3 97 (7.48%) Relational Database
4 91 (7.02%) Hadoop
5 88 (6.78%) Big Data
6 51 (3.93%) Oracle Database 12c
7 49 (3.78%) HBase
7 49 (3.78%) Oracle Database 11g
8 43 (3.32%) MySQL
9 39 (3.01%) NoSQL
10 37 (2.85%) RDBMS
11 32 (2.47%) PostgreSQL
12 31 (2.39%) DB2
13 29 (2.24%) Oracle Reports
14 28 (2.16%) Oracle ODI
15 27 (2.08%) Parquet
16 26 (2.00%) Oracle BI EE
17 22 (1.70%) MongoDB
18 21 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
19 20 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 236 (18.20%) Jenkins
2 197 (15.19%) Git (software)
3 156 (12.03%) Maven
4 94 (7.25%) JIRA
5 80 (6.17%) Subversion
6 59 (4.55%) JUnit
7 45 (3.47%) Cucumber
8 38 (2.93%) Sonatype Nexus
9 37 (2.85%) Eclipse
10 34 (2.62%) Gradle
11 33 (2.54%) Oracle Forms
12 32 (2.47%) TeamCity
13 30 (2.31%) SoapUI
14 29 (2.24%) IntelliJ
15 28 (2.16%) Ant
16 20 (1.54%) SpecFlow
17 19 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
17 19 (1.46%) XMLSpy
18 18 (1.39%) Bitbucket
18 18 (1.39%) Grunt
General
1 331 (25.52%) Finance
2 140 (10.79%) Banking
3 80 (6.17%) Telecoms
4 77 (5.94%) Marketing
5 67 (5.17%) Manufacturing
6 57 (4.39%) Electronics
7 56 (4.32%) Front Office
8 41 (3.16%) Investment Banking
9 31 (2.39%) Retail
10 22 (1.70%) Legal
11 16 (1.23%) Back Office
12 12 (0.93%) Financial Institution
13 7 (0.54%) Billing
13 7 (0.54%) Law
13 7 (0.54%) Publishing
13 7 (0.54%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.31%) Automotive
14 4 (0.31%) Digital Economy
14 4 (0.31%) French Language
15 3 (0.23%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 445 (34.31%) Developer
2 263 (20.28%) Architect
3 181 (13.96%) Java Developer
4 102 (7.86%) Solutions Architect
5 91 (7.02%) DevOps Engineer
6 88 (6.78%) Senior Developer
7 83 (6.40%) Integration Developer
8 71 (5.47%) Analyst
9 70 (5.40%) Consultant
10 43 (3.32%) Middleware Developer
11 41 (3.16%) Big Data Developer
12 38 (2.93%) Infrastructure Architect
12 38 (2.93%) Lead Developer
13 36 (2.78%) Linux Engineer
14 35 (2.70%) Middleware Engineer
15 33 (2.54%) AWS Architect
15 33 (2.54%) DBA
16 32 (2.47%) Oracle DBA
17 31 (2.39%) Integration Architect
18 30 (2.31%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (17.42%) Web Services
2 197 (15.19%) JSON
3 194 (14.96%) XML
4 169 (13.03%) RESTful
4 169 (13.03%) Spring
5 142 (10.95%) REST
6 139 (10.72%) SOAP
7 125 (9.64%) .NET
8 124 (9.56%) J2EE
9 110 (8.48%) Oracle Fusion
10 105 (8.10%) Kafka
11 86 (6.63%) Apache Camel
12 81 (6.25%) XSLT
13 73 (5.63%) RabbitMQ
14 71 (5.47%) JMS
15 62 (4.78%) HTML
16 54 (4.16%) Hibernate
17 50 (3.86%) Swagger
18 49 (3.78%) AngularJS
19 47 (3.62%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 121 (9.33%) Analytical Skills
2 79 (6.09%) Enterprise Software
3 77 (5.94%) Greenfield Project
4 48 (3.70%) Clustering
4 48 (3.70%) Virtual Team
5 45 (3.47%) Data Centre
6 43 (3.32%) Linux Command Line
7 40 (3.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 37 (2.85%) Derivative
9 35 (2.70%) Equities
10 34 (2.62%) Management Information System
11 31 (2.39%) Computer Science
12 29 (2.24%) Mainframe
13 27 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
14 24 (1.85%) DataPower
15 19 (1.46%) Client/Server
15 19 (1.46%) Mobile App
16 18 (1.39%) Fixed Income
17 14 (1.08%) Replication
17 14 (1.08%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 429 (33.08%) Linux
2 279 (21.51%) Unix
3 184 (14.19%) Windows
4 98 (7.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 59 (4.55%) Windows Server
6 49 (3.78%) AIX
7 45 (3.47%) Solaris
8 19 (1.46%) Android
8 19 (1.46%) Apple iOS
8 19 (1.46%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (0.77%) zOS
10 9 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.62%) CentOS
11 8 (0.62%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 5 (0.39%) SUSE
13 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.23%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.15%) VME
14 2 (0.15%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 499 (38.47%) Agile Software Development
2 261 (20.12%) SOA
3 225 (17.35%) TDD
4 216 (16.65%) DevOps
5 164 (12.64%) Scrum
6 142 (10.95%) Continuous Integration
7 113 (8.71%) Problem-Solving
8 105 (8.10%) BDD
9 100 (7.71%) Migration
10 97 (7.48%) SDLC
11 91 (7.02%) Configuration Management
12 88 (6.78%) Microservices
13 87 (6.71%) Test Automation
14 84 (6.48%) Project Management
15 80 (6.17%) ITIL
16 77 (5.94%) TOGAF
17 76 (5.86%) Software Engineering
18 75 (5.78%) CRM
19 73 (5.63%) Business Intelligence
20 71 (5.47%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 498 (38.40%) Java
2 222 (17.12%) SQL
3 161 (12.41%) Python
4 101 (7.79%) JavaScript
5 94 (7.25%) Perl
6 73 (5.63%) C#
7 70 (5.40%) Shell Script
8 55 (4.24%) XPath
9 50 (3.86%) C++
10 41 (3.16%) Java 8
11 39 (3.01%) Ruby
12 33 (2.54%) Bash Shell
13 32 (2.47%) PowerShell
14 28 (2.16%) C
15 25 (1.93%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
16 22 (1.70%) Scala
17 21 (1.62%) TypeScript
18 19 (1.46%) PL/SQL
19 17 (1.31%) ES6
19 17 (1.31%) Go
Qualifications
1 93 (7.17%) Security Cleared
2 82 (6.32%) Degree
3 71 (5.47%) SC Cleared
4 18 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.00%) CISSP
6 12 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (0.85%) Oracle Certification
8 10 (0.77%) CISM
9 8 (0.62%) CISA
9 8 (0.62%) PMP
10 7 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (0.46%) CCIE
11 6 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.39%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.39%) PMI Certification
13 4 (0.31%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
14 3 (0.23%) CCNA
14 3 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
14 3 (0.23%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.86%) QA
2 20 (1.54%) GDPR
2 20 (1.54%) SLA
3 14 (1.08%) Data Quality
4 13 (1.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (0.93%) NIST 800
6 7 (0.54%) PMO
7 6 (0.46%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.39%) COBIT
8 5 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.23%) GCP
9 3 (0.23%) MiFID
10 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.15%) PSD2
11 1 (0.077%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.077%) DO-178B
11 1 (0.077%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 107 (8.25%) Docker
2 69 (5.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 64 (4.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 47 (3.62%) Active Directory
5 43 (3.32%) HDFS
6 18 (1.39%) Hyper-V
7 17 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (1.00%) NFS
8 13 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
9 10 (0.77%) Time Sharing Option
10 9 (0.69%) KVM
11 6 (0.46%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.39%) Firmware
12 5 (0.39%) Xen
13 4 (0.31%) QEMU
13 4 (0.31%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.23%) OpenAM
14 3 (0.23%) RACF
15 2 (0.15%) Apache Flume
15 2 (0.15%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 107 (8.25%) Ansible
2 87 (6.71%) Puppet
3 80 (6.17%) Opscode Chef
4 56 (4.32%) Hadoop YARN
5 37 (2.85%) Kubernetes
6 17 (1.31%) ZABBIX
7 15 (1.16%) Terraform
8 10 (0.77%) CA Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.69%) Microsoft Clustering
9 9 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
10 7 (0.54%) Red Hat Satellite
11 6 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.46%) Kibana
11 6 (0.46%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 6 (0.46%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
12 5 (0.39%) CASB
12 5 (0.39%) Data Guard
12 5 (0.39%) Oracle RMAN
12 5 (0.39%) Rancher
12 5 (0.39%) yum
Vendors
1 369 (28.45%) Oracle
2 151 (11.64%) IBM
3 105 (8.10%) SAP
4 99 (7.63%) Red Hat
5 98 (7.56%) Microsoft
6 81 (6.25%) VMware
7 69 (5.32%) WSO2
8 52 (4.01%) TIBCO
9 38 (2.93%) Salesforce.com
10 32 (2.47%) Citrix
11 30 (2.31%) MuleSoft
12 29 (2.24%) Siebel
13 24 (1.85%) Atlassian
14 21 (1.62%) Google
15 19 (1.46%) Solace
16 18 (1.39%) CA
16 18 (1.39%) HP
17 17 (1.31%) Informatica
17 17 (1.31%) Sun
18 16 (1.23%) Cisco