Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 269 189 271
Rank change year-on-year -80 +82 -92
Contract jobs citing Middleware 869 474 853
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.04% 1.54% 1.00%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.48% 4.92% 3.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 564 320 491
10th Percentile £402 £363 £350
25th Percentile £491 £424 £424
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £525 £515
Median % change year-on-year +12.02% +1.94% -1.90%
75th Percentile £653 £600 £606
90th Percentile £713 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 20
10th Percentile £46.99 £38.90 £30.63
25th Percentile £48.28 £41.75 £38.94
Median hourly rate £50.75 £43.00 £46.20
Median % change year-on-year +18.02% -6.93% -11.15%
75th Percentile £55.31 £66.00 £52.81
90th Percentile £58.13 " £59.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.75 £42.50 £46.20
% change year-on-year +19.41% -8.01% -16.00%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,955 9,639 26,438
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.76% 31.23% 31.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,922 6,819 18,594
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 73 249
10th Percentile £17.79 £21.90 £20.26
25th Percentile £28.43 £30.00 £32.95
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.36%
75th Percentile £63.44 £54.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.19 £61.87 £73.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.60% +3.11% +8.43%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Middleware.

Hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -83 703 £600 +14.29% 187
London -81 432 £625 +15.10% 66
UK excluding London -103 258 £500 +5.26% 140
Work from Home -104 248 £575 +15.00% 27
South East -51 94 £575 +19.84% 25
North of England -50 46 £440 -8.33% 34
Midlands -55 43 £449 +3.88% 24
North West -41 30 £394 -24.95% 10
Scotland -58 30 £425 - 16
West Midlands -50 23 £433 +0.12% 17
South West -65 22 £500 -4.76% 19
East Midlands -29 20 £465 +0.54% 7
Yorkshire -40 16 £525 +61.54% 16
East of England -54 13 £413 -13.05% 15
Wales -25 9 £500 +21.95% 7
Northern Ireland -9 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 302 (34.75%) Java
2 299 (34.41%) Agile Software Development
3 236 (27.16%) Social Skills
4 218 (25.09%) Linux
5 213 (24.51%) Oracle
6 193 (22.21%) Banking
7 191 (21.98%) SQL
8 186 (21.40%) Finance
9 177 (20.37%) DevOps
10 150 (17.26%) Windows
11 139 (16.00%) Unix
12 131 (15.07%) REST
13 129 (14.84%) Spring
14 127 (14.61%) AWS
15 120 (13.81%) Migration
16 119 (13.69%) Azure
17 107 (12.31%) Microservices
18 106 (12.20%) Investment Banking
19 105 (12.08%) Front Office
20 104 (11.97%) Python
21 94 (10.82%) ITIL
22 92 (10.59%) Security Cleared
23 86 (9.90%) SQL Server
23 86 (9.90%) Microsoft
24 85 (9.78%) Kubernetes
25 84 (9.67%) Relational Database
26 80 (9.21%) Jenkins
27 78 (8.98%) JavaScript
28 77 (8.86%) Docker
29 76 (8.75%) Multithreading

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (7.02%) Mule
2 59 (6.79%) Tomcat
3 56 (6.44%) WebLogic
4 51 (5.87%) WebSphere
5 49 (5.64%) JBoss
6 46 (5.29%) Apache
7 38 (4.37%) Confluence
8 29 (3.34%) Red Hat Fuse
9 25 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
10 23 (2.65%) IIS
11 21 (2.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 19 (2.19%) WebSphere Application Server
13 18 (2.07%) Anypoint
14 13 (1.50%) NetWeaver
14 13 (1.50%) SharePoint
15 11 (1.27%) IBM Notes
16 10 (1.15%) CMS
17 9 (1.04%) SAS
18 8 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
19 7 (0.81%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 6 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (0.69%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.58%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 14 (1.61%) SAP EM
2 8 (0.92%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 8 (0.92%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.81%) BusinessWorks
3 7 (0.81%) SAP ERP
4 5 (0.58%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.46%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.46%) Remedy AR System
5 4 (0.46%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.35%) Primavera
6 3 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.35%) SAP APO
6 3 (0.35%) SAP CAR
6 3 (0.35%) SAP CRM
6 3 (0.35%) SAP PS
7 2 (0.23%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.23%) SAP IS-U
7 2 (0.23%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 127 (14.61%) AWS
2 119 (13.69%) Azure
3 50 (5.75%) SaaS
4 42 (4.83%) GCP
5 26 (2.99%) IaaS
6 21 (2.42%) Cloud Computing
7 20 (2.30%) GitHub
8 19 (2.19%) Force.com
8 19 (2.19%) Serverless
9 18 (2.07%) OpenShift
9 18 (2.07%) PaaS
9 18 (2.07%) Power Platform
10 16 (1.84%) Amazon EKS
11 15 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
12 14 (1.61%) Azure Active Directory
13 12 (1.38%) iPaaS
14 11 (1.27%) Amazon ECS
14 11 (1.27%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 10 (1.15%) Microsoft 365
15 10 (1.15%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 38 (4.37%) Firewall
2 30 (3.45%) DNS
3 27 (3.11%) HTTP
4 26 (2.99%) WAN
5 20 (2.30%) LAN
6 16 (1.84%) NAS
6 16 (1.84%) SAN
6 16 (1.84%) SSL
7 12 (1.38%) TCP/IP
8 10 (1.15%) DHCP
8 10 (1.15%) Internet
9 9 (1.04%) Multicast
9 9 (1.04%) Network Security
9 9 (1.04%) VoIP
9 9 (1.04%) Wireless
10 8 (0.92%) Cisco Nexus
10 8 (0.92%) MPLS
10 8 (0.92%) SD-WAN
10 8 (0.92%) VPN
11 7 (0.81%) FCoE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (9.90%) SQL Server
2 84 (9.67%) Relational Database
3 68 (7.83%) Oracle Database
4 40 (4.60%) MySQL
5 29 (3.34%) NoSQL
5 29 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
6 18 (2.07%) MongoDB
7 17 (1.96%) Power BI
7 17 (1.96%) RDBMS
8 14 (1.61%) Hazelcast
9 11 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
9 11 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (1.27%) Oracle Reports
10 10 (1.15%) Big Data
10 10 (1.15%) DB2
10 10 (1.15%) SAP HANA
11 8 (0.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 7 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
12 7 (0.81%) SQL Server 2012
13 6 (0.69%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 80 (9.21%) Jenkins
2 56 (6.44%) JIRA
3 54 (6.21%) Git (software)
4 48 (5.52%) Subversion
5 44 (5.06%) Maven
6 27 (3.11%) JUnit
7 23 (2.65%) Artifactory
8 19 (2.19%) jMock
9 16 (1.84%) Moq
9 16 (1.84%) NUnit
10 15 (1.73%) Cucumber
10 15 (1.73%) SpecFlow
10 15 (1.73%) TeamCity
11 13 (1.50%) GitLab
11 13 (1.50%) Selenium
11 13 (1.50%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (1.38%) Jasmine
13 11 (1.27%) Bitbucket
14 9 (1.04%) Mocha
14 9 (1.04%) SoapUI
General
1 236 (27.16%) Social Skills
2 193 (22.21%) Banking
3 186 (21.40%) Finance
4 106 (12.20%) Investment Banking
5 105 (12.08%) Front Office
6 73 (8.40%) Analytical Skills
7 34 (3.91%) Public Sector
8 32 (3.68%) Telecoms
9 18 (2.07%) Marketing
10 15 (1.73%) Legal
11 14 (1.61%) Financial Institution
11 14 (1.61%) Retail
12 13 (1.50%) Influencing Skills
13 8 (0.92%) Back Office
13 8 (0.92%) Billing
13 8 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (0.69%) Automotive
14 6 (0.69%) Electronics
14 6 (0.69%) General Ledger
14 6 (0.69%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 270 (31.07%) Developer
2 203 (23.36%) Architect
3 137 (15.77%) Java Developer
4 75 (8.63%) Solutions Architect
5 71 (8.17%) Analyst
6 55 (6.33%) Integration Developer
7 49 (5.64%) Consultant
8 41 (4.72%) Senior Developer
9 37 (4.26%) Infrastructure Architect
10 35 (4.03%) Project Manager
11 32 (3.68%) Senior Java Developer
12 30 (3.45%) Front Office Developer
13 27 (3.11%) Electronic Trading Developer
13 27 (3.11%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
13 27 (3.11%) Investment Banking Java Developer
14 26 (2.99%) Integration Architect
15 25 (2.88%) SQL Analyst
16 23 (2.65%) Middleware Developer
17 22 (2.53%) Cloud Architect
17 22 (2.53%) Enterprise Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 131 (15.07%) REST
2 129 (14.84%) Spring
3 71 (8.17%) .NET
3 71 (8.17%) Web Services
4 69 (7.94%) SOAP
5 64 (7.36%) Apache Camel
6 59 (6.79%) Oracle Fusion
7 54 (6.21%) J2EE
8 52 (5.98%) JTA
9 51 (5.87%) JTS
10 50 (5.75%) AngularJS
10 50 (5.75%) JMS
11 45 (5.18%) XML
12 41 (4.72%) HTML
13 40 (4.60%) CSS
13 40 (4.60%) Kafka
13 40 (4.60%) Spring Integration
14 39 (4.49%) React
15 37 (4.26%) Spring Boot
16 34 (3.91%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 58 (6.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 45 (5.18%) Fixed Income
3 37 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
4 35 (4.03%) Equities
5 28 (3.22%) Cloud Native
6 22 (2.53%) Data Structures
7 21 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
7 21 (2.42%) Management Information System
8 20 (2.30%) Mainframe
9 18 (2.07%) Clustering
9 18 (2.07%) Data Protection Act
10 17 (1.96%) Data Centre
10 17 (1.96%) Derivative
11 16 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
12 15 (1.73%) User Experience
13 14 (1.61%) PKI
13 14 (1.61%) Public Cloud
13 14 (1.61%) Replication
14 12 (1.38%) Mobile App
15 11 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 218 (25.09%) Linux
2 150 (17.26%) Windows
3 139 (16.00%) Unix
4 31 (3.57%) Windows Server
5 29 (3.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (2.42%) AIX
7 11 (1.27%) Solaris
8 7 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.69%) Android
9 6 (0.69%) zOS
10 4 (0.46%) VMS
11 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.12%) Android TV
12 1 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.12%) SUSE
12 1 (0.12%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.12%) Windows NT
12 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 299 (34.41%) Agile Software Development
2 177 (20.37%) DevOps
3 120 (13.81%) Migration
4 107 (12.31%) Microservices
5 94 (10.82%) ITIL
6 76 (8.75%) Multithreading
7 75 (8.63%) High Availability
7 75 (8.63%) SOA
8 72 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
9 69 (7.94%) Scrum
10 53 (6.10%) Software Engineering
11 52 (5.98%) Analytics
11 52 (5.98%) SDLC
12 50 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
13 49 (5.64%) Enterprise Architecture
14 47 (5.41%) ERP
14 47 (5.41%) Low Latency
14 47 (5.41%) Project Management
14 47 (5.41%) Test Automation
15 46 (5.29%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 302 (34.75%) Java
2 191 (21.98%) SQL
3 104 (11.97%) Python
4 78 (8.98%) JavaScript
5 62 (7.13%) C#
6 46 (5.29%) C++
7 33 (3.80%) Java 8
8 31 (3.57%) Shell Script
9 30 (3.45%) TypeScript
10 29 (3.34%) PL/SQL
11 24 (2.76%) Java 9
12 22 (2.53%) Apex Code
13 19 (2.19%) Perl
14 16 (1.84%) C
15 15 (1.73%) PowerShell
16 10 (1.15%) Bash Shell
17 6 (0.69%) ABAP
17 6 (0.69%) Ada
17 6 (0.69%) R
17 6 (0.69%) VB
Qualifications
1 92 (10.59%) Security Cleared
2 76 (8.75%) SC Cleared
3 57 (6.56%) Degree
4 28 (3.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (2.88%) TOGAF Certification
6 11 (1.27%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.27%) Master's Degree
7 10 (1.15%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.92%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 7 (0.81%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (0.81%) CISSP
10 6 (0.69%) ITIL Certification
11 5 (0.58%) CCNA
12 4 (0.46%) GIAC
13 3 (0.35%) MCSA
13 3 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
14 2 (0.23%) OCP
14 2 (0.23%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.07%) GDPR
2 17 (1.96%) QA
3 13 (1.50%) PCI DSS
4 12 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (1.15%) NIST
6 9 (1.04%) Accessibility
7 8 (0.92%) COBIT
8 6 (0.69%) Def Stans
8 6 (0.69%) IEC 61508
8 6 (0.69%) MISRA
8 6 (0.69%) MISRA C
8 6 (0.69%) NIST 800
8 6 (0.69%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.46%) GxP
9 4 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 4 (0.46%) SLA
10 3 (0.35%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.35%) NCSC
10 3 (0.35%) PMO
11 2 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 77 (8.86%) Docker
2 55 (6.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (2.99%) Active Directory
4 20 (2.30%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.38%) XenApp
6 11 (1.27%) Microsoft App-V
6 11 (1.27%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (1.15%) NFS
8 8 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.92%) KVM
9 7 (0.81%) SRDF
9 7 (0.81%) Xen
10 4 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.23%) IAG
12 2 (0.23%) ProxySG
12 2 (0.23%) vSphere
13 1 (0.12%) Firmware
13 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 85 (9.78%) Kubernetes
2 59 (6.79%) Ansible
3 23 (2.65%) BladeLogic
4 19 (2.19%) Terraform
5 17 (1.96%) Data Guard
5 17 (1.96%) ITRS Geneos
5 17 (1.96%) Puppet
6 15 (1.73%) Single Sign-On
7 13 (1.50%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 12 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
9 11 (1.27%) HP Quality Center
10 7 (0.81%) Oracle RMAN
11 6 (0.69%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 5 (0.58%) CA Wily
12 5 (0.58%) MOM
13 4 (0.46%) Grafana
13 4 (0.46%) HP ALM
13 4 (0.46%) Tivoli
14 3 (0.35%) BMC PATROL
14 3 (0.35%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
Vendors
1 213 (24.51%) Oracle
2 86 (9.90%) Microsoft
3 71 (8.17%) IBM
4 67 (7.71%) SAP
5 64 (7.36%) VMware
6 57 (6.56%) MuleSoft
7 51 (5.87%) Salesforce.com
8 48 (5.52%) TIBCO
9 34 (3.91%) Red Hat
10 28 (3.22%) Cisco
11 26 (2.99%) ION Trading
12 25 (2.88%) Sybase
13 23 (2.65%) Citrix
13 23 (2.65%) Solace
14 19 (2.19%) F5
15 16 (1.84%) Altiris
16 15 (1.73%) Google
16 15 (1.73%) HP
17 14 (1.61%) Splunk
18 11 (1.27%) Lotus