Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 260 169 175
Rank change year-on-year -91 +6 -9
Contract jobs citing Middleware 839 1,698 1,507
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.99% 1.64% 1.50%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 3.21% 4.71% 4.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 479 1,061 1,005
UK median daily rate £513 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.38% +2.44% +9.04%
10th Percentile £350 £375 £375
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 14 10
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £43.00 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.98% -6.52% +61.40%
10th Percentile £31.25 £32.47 £38.95
90th Percentile £59.75 £69.63 £55.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.00 £43.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +6.98% -1.71% +56.25%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,107 36,058 32,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.82% 34.85% 32.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,145 25,401 22,729
UK median daily rate £498 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.74% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 281 316 369
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.57 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.64% +3.93% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.26 £15.94 £18.40
90th Percentile £70.00 £59.38 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £40.40
% change year-on-year +3.03% +2.10% +12.23%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -103 756 £525 - 176
UK excluding London -63 511 £475 -5.00% 134
London -88 312 £550 - 60
South East -38 156 £475 -5.00% 23
East of England -23 79 £513 -2.38% 23
South West -20 77 £525 +16.67% 22
North of England -59 77 £450 - 27
Scotland +43 58 £430 -9.47% 13
Midlands -50 50 £525 - 21
North West -31 43 £490 +8.89% 11
Yorkshire -9 33 £450 +5.88% 11
West Midlands -59 26 £575 +8.49% 17
East Midlands +19 24 £425 +3.66% 4
Wales +2 13 £500 +15.94% 5
North East -3 1 - - 5
Channel Islands - 1 - -
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 252 (30.04%) Agile Software Development
2 249 (29.68%) Java
3 211 (25.15%) Oracle
4 194 (23.12%) SQL
5 188 (22.41%) Finance
6 180 (21.45%) Linux
7 154 (18.36%) Windows
8 138 (16.45%) Security Cleared
9 135 (16.09%) Python
10 134 (15.97%) SOA
11 133 (15.85%) DevOps
12 118 (14.06%) Migration
13 111 (13.23%) Web Services
14 106 (12.63%) Azure
15 104 (12.40%) SC Cleared
15 104 (12.40%) Microsoft
16 103 (12.28%) Unix
17 96 (11.44%) .NET
18 95 (11.32%) XML
19 93 (11.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 91 (10.85%) SQL Server
21 88 (10.49%) JSON
22 86 (10.25%) Analytical Skills
23 83 (9.89%) SOAP
23 83 (9.89%) Problem-Solving
24 80 (9.54%) Microservices
24 80 (9.54%) Oracle Fusion
25 78 (9.30%) AWS
26 77 (9.18%) Jenkins
27 76 (9.06%) JBoss

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (11.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 76 (9.06%) JBoss
3 75 (8.94%) WebLogic
4 69 (8.22%) Apache
5 55 (6.56%) WebSphere
6 47 (5.60%) Oracle Service Bus
7 45 (5.36%) Tomcat
8 26 (3.10%) IIS
8 26 (3.10%) Mule
9 23 (2.74%) WebSphere Application Server
10 18 (2.15%) Confluence
11 12 (1.43%) BizTalk Server
12 7 (0.83%) OpenStack
12 7 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
12 7 (0.83%) Tuxedo
13 6 (0.72%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 6 (0.72%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.72%) Skype for Business
13 6 (0.72%) WebLogic Integration
14 5 (0.60%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 23 (2.74%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.55%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.24%) InVision
6 2 (0.24%) Sketch
7 1 (0.12%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.12%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 27 (3.22%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (1.91%) ION MarketView
3 14 (1.67%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (1.43%) BusinessWorks
5 11 (1.31%) Dynamics CRM
6 10 (1.19%) Oracle Financials
7 8 (0.95%) Oracle EBS R12
7 8 (0.95%) SAP S/4HANA
8 7 (0.83%) Unit4 Business World
9 6 (0.72%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 3 (0.36%) Actimize
10 3 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
11 2 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.24%) Maximo
11 2 (0.24%) SAP CO
11 2 (0.24%) SAP FI
11 2 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 106 (12.63%) Azure
2 78 (9.30%) AWS
3 37 (4.41%) GitHub
4 36 (4.29%) OpenShift
5 34 (4.05%) PaaS
6 22 (2.62%) SaaS
7 21 (2.50%) Serverless
8 18 (2.15%) IaaS
9 17 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
10 14 (1.67%) GCP
11 13 (1.55%) Office 365
12 12 (1.43%) Dynamics 365
13 10 (1.19%) Power Platform
14 6 (0.72%) Azure Stack
15 5 (0.60%) Apigee
16 4 (0.48%) Boomi
16 4 (0.48%) IBM Blueworks
16 4 (0.48%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 4 (0.48%) SuccessFactors
16 4 (0.48%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.10%) HTTP
1 26 (3.10%) SAN
2 23 (2.74%) AMQP
2 23 (2.74%) LAN
3 21 (2.50%) Firewall
3 21 (2.50%) WAN
4 17 (2.03%) SSL
5 15 (1.79%) Internet
6 14 (1.67%) FTP
7 12 (1.43%) DNS
8 11 (1.31%) TCP/IP
9 10 (1.19%) Intranet
10 8 (0.95%) Ethernet
11 7 (0.83%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
11 7 (0.83%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 7 (0.83%) Skype
12 6 (0.72%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.60%) DMZ
13 5 (0.60%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.60%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (10.85%) SQL Server
2 67 (7.99%) Oracle Database
3 43 (5.13%) NoSQL
4 39 (4.65%) PostgreSQL
5 38 (4.53%) Big Data
6 35 (4.17%) Relational Database
7 30 (3.58%) Data Warehouse
8 24 (2.86%) Oracle Database 12c
8 24 (2.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 20 (2.38%) Oracle Database 11g
10 18 (2.15%) Oracle ODI
11 16 (1.91%) DB2
11 16 (1.91%) MySQL
12 13 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (1.55%) RDBMS
13 12 (1.43%) Ingres
13 12 (1.43%) Oracle Reports
14 11 (1.31%) MongoDB
15 10 (1.19%) Power BI
16 9 (1.07%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 77 (9.18%) Jenkins
2 74 (8.82%) Git (software)
3 45 (5.36%) JIRA
4 30 (3.58%) NUnit
5 28 (3.34%) Eclipse
6 22 (2.62%) SpecFlow
7 18 (2.15%) Maven
8 14 (1.67%) JUnit
8 14 (1.67%) Oracle Forms
8 14 (1.67%) Selenium
9 13 (1.55%) IntelliJ
10 11 (1.31%) SoapUI
10 11 (1.31%) Subversion
11 8 (0.95%) Cucumber
12 7 (0.83%) Oracle APEX
12 7 (0.83%) PostCSS
12 7 (0.83%) TeamCity
12 7 (0.83%) Vagrant
12 7 (0.83%) webpack
13 6 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 188 (22.41%) Finance
2 69 (8.22%) Banking
3 68 (8.10%) Public Sector
4 51 (6.08%) Telecoms
5 37 (4.41%) Manufacturing
6 33 (3.93%) Front Office
7 32 (3.81%) Marketing
8 31 (3.69%) Electronics
9 25 (2.98%) Retail
10 19 (2.26%) Back Office
11 13 (1.55%) Financial Institution
12 11 (1.31%) Advertising
12 11 (1.31%) Investment Banking
13 6 (0.72%) Aerospace
14 5 (0.60%) Law
15 4 (0.48%) Billing
15 4 (0.48%) Prime Brokerage
15 4 (0.48%) Publishing
15 4 (0.48%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.24%) Legal
Job Titles
1 259 (30.87%) Developer
2 183 (21.81%) Architect
3 80 (9.54%) Java Developer
4 56 (6.67%) Solutions Architect
5 55 (6.56%) Analyst
6 47 (5.60%) Administrator
7 37 (4.41%) Technical Architect
8 36 (4.29%) .NET Developer
8 36 (4.29%) Integration Architect
8 36 (4.29%) Middleware Engineer
8 36 (4.29%) Senior Developer
9 34 (4.05%) C# Developer
9 34 (4.05%) Consultant
10 29 (3.46%) Oracle Developer
11 28 (3.34%) C# .NET Developer
12 27 (3.22%) DevOps Engineer
13 26 (3.10%) Senior Java Developer
14 22 (2.62%) Middleware Administrator
14 22 (2.62%) NoSQL Developer
15 20 (2.38%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (13.23%) Web Services
2 96 (11.44%) .NET
3 95 (11.32%) XML
4 88 (10.49%) JSON
5 83 (9.89%) SOAP
6 80 (9.54%) Oracle Fusion
7 60 (7.15%) RESTful
8 56 (6.67%) REST
9 53 (6.32%) RabbitMQ
10 49 (5.84%) Node.js
11 44 (5.24%) J2EE
12 40 (4.77%) Spring
13 39 (4.65%) AngularJS
14 33 (3.93%) Java EE
15 31 (3.69%) Apache Camel
15 31 (3.69%) Kafka
16 30 (3.58%) HTML
17 29 (3.46%) React
18 25 (2.98%) JMS
19 24 (2.86%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 86 (10.25%) Analytical Skills
2 44 (5.24%) Data Centre
3 39 (4.65%) Management Information System
4 37 (4.41%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (3.58%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
7 23 (2.74%) Derivative
8 22 (2.62%) Clustering
9 21 (2.50%) PKI
9 21 (2.50%) Virtual Team
10 20 (2.38%) Mainframe
11 15 (1.79%) Client/Server
12 14 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
13 13 (1.55%) Enterprise Storage
14 12 (1.43%) Fixed Income
14 12 (1.43%) Public Cloud
15 11 (1.31%) Replication
15 11 (1.31%) Robotics
16 9 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (1.07%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 180 (21.45%) Linux
2 154 (18.36%) Windows
3 103 (12.28%) Unix
4 60 (7.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 32 (3.81%) Windows Server
6 24 (2.86%) CentOS
7 12 (1.43%) Solaris
8 11 (1.31%) Windows 10
9 10 (1.19%) AIX
10 4 (0.48%) Android
11 3 (0.36%) VME
12 2 (0.24%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.24%) VMS
13 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.12%) MVS
13 1 (0.12%) OS/2
13 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 252 (30.04%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (15.97%) SOA
3 133 (15.85%) DevOps
4 118 (14.06%) Migration
5 83 (9.89%) Problem-Solving
6 80 (9.54%) Microservices
7 74 (8.82%) SDLC
7 74 (8.82%) TDD
8 65 (7.75%) Continuous Integration
9 64 (7.63%) Project Delivery
9 64 (7.63%) Scrum
10 63 (7.51%) Project Management
11 60 (7.15%) Business Intelligence
12 57 (6.79%) ITIL
13 52 (6.20%) Performance Tuning
14 50 (5.96%) Test Automation
15 48 (5.72%) Software Engineering
16 47 (5.60%) Waterfall
17 43 (5.13%) Configuration Management
17 43 (5.13%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 249 (29.68%) Java
2 194 (23.12%) SQL
3 135 (16.09%) Python
4 71 (8.46%) JavaScript
5 70 (8.34%) C#
6 53 (6.32%) Shell Script
7 50 (5.96%) C++
8 48 (5.72%) Bash Shell
9 45 (5.36%) PowerShell
10 41 (4.89%) C
11 33 (3.93%) PL/SQL
12 32 (3.81%) Java 8
13 31 (3.69%) Perl
14 24 (2.86%) Ruby
15 19 (2.26%) F#
16 18 (2.15%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.19%) VB.NET
18 9 (1.07%) Groovy
18 9 (1.07%) XQuery
19 8 (0.95%) XPath
Qualifications
1 138 (16.45%) Security Cleared
2 104 (12.40%) SC Cleared
3 48 (5.72%) Degree
4 36 (4.29%) DV Cleared
5 12 (1.43%) ITIL Certification
6 9 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (0.95%) CISSP
7 8 (0.95%) Numerate Degree
8 7 (0.83%) CISM
9 5 (0.60%) CISA
9 5 (0.60%) HNC
10 4 (0.48%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.48%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.48%) SANS
11 3 (0.36%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.24%) CBAP
12 2 (0.24%) ISEB
12 2 (0.24%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.24%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.24%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.26%) SLA
2 13 (1.55%) QA
3 10 (1.19%) Data Quality
4 8 (0.95%) GDPR
5 6 (0.72%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.36%) PSD2
8 2 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.24%) EMIR
8 2 (0.24%) HL7
8 2 (0.24%) MiFID
8 2 (0.24%) PMO
9 1 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 1 (0.12%) BS7799
9 1 (0.12%) GAMP
9 1 (0.12%) GxP
System Software
1 67 (7.99%) Docker
2 59 (7.03%) Active Directory
3 39 (4.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (1.19%) Oracle RAC
6 9 (1.07%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.95%) NFS
8 4 (0.48%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 4 (0.48%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.36%) ISA Server
9 3 (0.36%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.24%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.24%) vSphere
10 2 (0.24%) Xen
11 1 (0.12%) Firmware
11 1 (0.12%) HDFS
11 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.12%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 71 (8.46%) Ansible
2 53 (6.32%) Puppet
3 31 (3.69%) Kubernetes
4 22 (2.62%) Opscode Chef
5 19 (2.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 17 (2.03%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (1.67%) Terraform
8 11 (1.31%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 9 (1.07%) SCCM
10 8 (0.95%) Data Guard
10 8 (0.95%) Oracle RMAN
10 8 (0.95%) vRealize
11 7 (0.83%) Packer
12 5 (0.60%) Consul
12 5 (0.60%) Tivoli
13 4 (0.48%) Nagios
13 4 (0.48%) SCOM
14 3 (0.36%) TIBCO Hawk
14 3 (0.36%) WSUS
15 2 (0.24%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 211 (25.15%) Oracle
2 104 (12.40%) Microsoft
3 73 (8.70%) IBM
4 63 (7.51%) SAP
4 63 (7.51%) VMware
5 55 (6.56%) Red Hat
6 46 (5.48%) TIBCO
7 30 (3.58%) WSO2
8 23 (2.74%) NetApp
9 20 (2.38%) Cisco
10 19 (2.26%) MuleSoft
11 18 (2.15%) Talend
12 17 (2.03%) Google
13 16 (1.91%) Citrix
13 16 (1.91%) ION Trading
14 15 (1.79%) HP
15 12 (1.43%) Teradata
16 11 (1.31%) Pega
17 10 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
17 10 (1.19%) Sparx