Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Middleware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Middleware over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Middleware
UK
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 185 173 149
Rank change year-on-year -12 -24 +4
Contract jobs citing Middleware 1,567 1,463 1,915
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.53% 1.53% 1.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 4.45% 4.72% 6.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 970 899 1,172
UK median daily rate £525 £501 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.90% +6.49% +1.90%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £319
90th Percentile £671 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £485 £450
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 10 37
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £46.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.91% +31.43% -8.50%
10th Percentile £26.50 £15.08 £24.00
90th Percentile £47.36 £50.50 £43.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year +40.00% -10.71% -29.11%

Middleware is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,236 30,997 31,691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.43% 32.42% 29.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,889 21,393 22,140
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £306 £291
90th Percentile £625 £622 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +5.63% +5.26% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 345 385 386
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +11.11% -2.70%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -2.70%

Middleware
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Middleware as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor daily rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Middleware over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Middleware in the UK

Middleware
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Middleware within the UK over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 1,442 £525 +2.44% 217
UK excluding London -7 912 £500 +3.09% 149
London +2 612 £550 - 81
South East +32 323 £500 +11.11% 44
East of England -29 168 £525 +2.44% 26
North of England -20 155 £419 -5.90% 25
Midlands -11 131 £530 - 19
West Midlands +2 111 £530 -1.85% 15
North West -52 76 £453 +0.56% 12
Yorkshire +31 67 £400 -9.35% 12
South West -2 51 £425 -12.82% 22
Scotland -30 50 £444 -0.28% 8
Wales +11 34 £425 -5.56% 4
East Midlands -14 19 £480 +12.94% 4
North East -9 12 £563 +50.00% 1

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Middleware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Middleware.

1 606 (38.67%) Java
2 542 (34.59%) Agile Software Development
3 511 (32.61%) Linux
4 501 (31.97%) Oracle
5 436 (27.82%) Finance
6 362 (23.10%) Unix
7 355 (22.65%) SQL
8 326 (20.80%) SOA
9 300 (19.14%) Web Services
10 270 (17.23%) Windows
11 245 (15.63%) XML
12 233 (14.87%) TDD
13 230 (14.68%) DevOps
14 229 (14.61%) Jenkins
15 222 (14.17%) IBM
16 221 (14.10%) Spring
17 219 (13.98%) Amazon AWS
18 211 (13.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 210 (13.40%) Banking
20 208 (13.27%) JSON
21 207 (13.21%) Apache
22 194 (12.38%) SQL Server
23 191 (12.19%) Git (software)
24 190 (12.13%) RESTful
25 182 (11.61%) Python
26 181 (11.55%) SOAP
27 179 (11.42%) REST
28 167 (10.66%) J2EE
28 167 (10.66%) Maven
29 162 (10.34%) SAP

Middleware
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 211 (13.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 207 (13.21%) Apache
3 158 (10.08%) Oracle Service Bus
4 150 (9.57%) JBoss
5 145 (9.25%) WebSphere
6 136 (8.68%) WebLogic
7 121 (7.72%) Mule
8 83 (5.30%) IIS
9 74 (4.72%) Tomcat
10 65 (4.15%) Confluence
11 54 (3.45%) Apache Spark
12 45 (2.87%) WebSphere Application Server
13 39 (2.49%) BizTalk Server
14 23 (1.47%) Cloud Foundry
14 23 (1.47%) GemFire
15 19 (1.21%) CMS
16 18 (1.15%) Documentum
16 18 (1.15%) WebLogic Portal
17 17 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
17 17 (1.08%) SAS
Applications
1 15 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.83%) Microsoft Project
3 11 (0.70%) Spreadsheet
4 10 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.57%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.26%) Windchill
7 2 (0.13%) HipChat
8 1 (0.064%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 24 (1.53%) Siebel CRM
2 23 (1.47%) Oracle BPM
3 22 (1.40%) Oracle Applications
3 22 (1.40%) Oracle EBS
4 18 (1.15%) Oracle Utilities
5 13 (0.83%) Actimize
6 9 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
6 9 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.57%) thinkFolio
7 8 (0.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 7 (0.45%) BusinessWorks
8 7 (0.45%) Maximo
8 7 (0.45%) Oracle Payables
9 6 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
9 6 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.26%) ENOVIA
10 4 (0.26%) Markit EDM
10 4 (0.26%) SAP ERP
10 4 (0.26%) SAP HCM
11 3 (0.19%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 219 (13.98%) Amazon AWS
2 116 (7.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 61 (3.89%) Cloud Computing
3 61 (3.89%) PaaS
3 61 (3.89%) SaaS
4 45 (2.87%) GitHub
5 44 (2.81%) IaaS
6 24 (1.53%) OpenShift
7 16 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (0.96%) Amazon S3
8 15 (0.96%) Boomi
9 13 (0.83%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 12 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 12 (0.77%) Office 365
11 11 (0.70%) Google Cloud Platform
11 11 (0.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 10 (0.64%) Serverless
13 9 (0.57%) Amazon ELB
14 6 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.38%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 69 (4.40%) HTTP
2 65 (4.15%) SSL
3 58 (3.70%) SAN
4 57 (3.64%) Firewall
5 42 (2.68%) TCP/IP
6 32 (2.04%) DNS
7 27 (1.72%) WAN
8 26 (1.66%) NAS
9 24 (1.53%) SSH
10 23 (1.47%) LAN
11 20 (1.28%) Internet
12 18 (1.15%) FTP
13 15 (0.96%) Kerberos
13 15 (0.96%) Network Security
14 10 (0.64%) SMS
15 9 (0.57%) AMQP
15 9 (0.57%) HTTPS
16 8 (0.51%) VPN
17 7 (0.45%) DMZ
17 7 (0.45%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 194 (12.38%) SQL Server
2 131 (8.36%) Oracle Database
3 109 (6.96%) Relational Database
4 82 (5.23%) Big Data
4 82 (5.23%) Hadoop
5 65 (4.15%) MySQL
5 65 (4.15%) Oracle Database 11g
6 60 (3.83%) Oracle Database 12c
7 51 (3.25%) NoSQL
8 44 (2.81%) DB2
9 43 (2.74%) MongoDB
10 42 (2.68%) RDBMS
11 41 (2.62%) Oracle ODI
12 40 (2.55%) PostgreSQL
13 38 (2.43%) HBase
14 35 (2.23%) Oracle Reports
15 29 (1.85%) Oracle BI EE
16 25 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 25 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
17 14 (0.89%) DataStage
Development Applications
1 229 (14.61%) Jenkins
2 191 (12.19%) Git (software)
3 167 (10.66%) Maven
4 109 (6.96%) JIRA
5 83 (5.30%) Subversion
6 57 (3.64%) JUnit
7 44 (2.81%) Sonatype Nexus
8 43 (2.74%) Eclipse
9 38 (2.43%) Cucumber
10 37 (2.36%) TeamCity
11 36 (2.30%) Oracle Forms
12 35 (2.23%) SoapUI
13 31 (1.98%) IntelliJ
14 26 (1.66%) Artifactory
15 22 (1.40%) Bitbucket
15 22 (1.40%) Gradle
16 21 (1.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 20 (1.28%) Hudson
17 20 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
18 19 (1.21%) Ant
General
1 436 (27.82%) Finance
2 210 (13.40%) Banking
3 116 (7.40%) Telecoms
4 98 (6.25%) Marketing
5 93 (5.93%) Manufacturing
6 85 (5.42%) Front Office
7 81 (5.17%) Electronics
8 75 (4.79%) Investment Banking
9 39 (2.49%) Retail
10 31 (1.98%) Back Office
11 26 (1.66%) Financial Institution
12 17 (1.08%) Billing
13 16 (1.02%) Legal
14 10 (0.64%) Publishing
15 9 (0.57%) Law
16 7 (0.45%) Advertising
16 7 (0.45%) General Ledger
16 7 (0.45%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.38%) French Language
18 5 (0.32%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 537 (34.27%) Developer
2 298 (19.02%) Architect
3 266 (16.98%) Java Developer
4 132 (8.42%) Solutions Architect
5 123 (7.85%) Integration Developer
6 111 (7.08%) DevOps Engineer
7 101 (6.45%) Analyst
8 93 (5.93%) Senior Developer
9 88 (5.62%) Consultant
10 63 (4.02%) Infrastructure Architect
11 51 (3.25%) Administrator
12 49 (3.13%) Middleware Developer
13 43 (2.74%) Applications Support
14 40 (2.55%) AWS Architect
15 39 (2.49%) Integration Architect
16 38 (2.43%) Linux Engineer
16 38 (2.43%) Project Manager
16 38 (2.43%) Senior Java Developer
16 38 (2.43%) SOA Developer
17 35 (2.23%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 300 (19.14%) Web Services
2 245 (15.63%) XML
3 221 (14.10%) Spring
4 208 (13.27%) JSON
5 190 (12.13%) RESTful
6 181 (11.55%) SOAP
7 179 (11.42%) REST
8 167 (10.66%) J2EE
9 145 (9.25%) Oracle Fusion
10 117 (7.47%) Apache Camel
11 116 (7.40%) .NET
12 102 (6.51%) JMS
13 91 (5.81%) Kafka
14 88 (5.62%) XSLT
15 68 (4.34%) RabbitMQ
16 67 (4.28%) Spring Boot
17 64 (4.08%) HTML
18 60 (3.83%) Hibernate
19 59 (3.77%) WebSphere MQ
20 58 (3.70%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 140 (8.93%) Analytical Skills
2 79 (5.04%) Greenfield Project
3 71 (4.53%) Enterprise Software
4 64 (4.08%) Clustering
5 62 (3.96%) Data Centre
6 53 (3.38%) Fixed Income
7 48 (3.06%) Management Information System
8 43 (2.74%) Equities
9 40 (2.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 38 (2.43%) Computer Science
11 32 (2.04%) Derivative
11 32 (2.04%) Virtual Team
12 28 (1.79%) DataPower
13 26 (1.66%) Linux Command Line
14 22 (1.40%) Mainframe
14 22 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
15 19 (1.21%) Hybrid Cloud
16 18 (1.15%) Fintech
17 17 (1.08%) Mobile App
18 16 (1.02%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 511 (32.61%) Linux
2 362 (23.10%) Unix
3 270 (17.23%) Windows
4 144 (9.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 99 (6.32%) Windows Server
6 66 (4.21%) Solaris
7 63 (4.02%) AIX
8 41 (2.62%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (1.21%) Apple iOS
10 18 (1.15%) Android
11 17 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
12 14 (0.89%) Windows XP
13 13 (0.83%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.70%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 11 (0.70%) zOS
15 7 (0.45%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.45%) MVS
16 6 (0.38%) VMS
17 5 (0.32%) HPUX
18 4 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 542 (34.59%) Agile Software Development
2 326 (20.80%) SOA
3 233 (14.87%) TDD
4 230 (14.68%) DevOps
5 161 (10.27%) Scrum
6 156 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
7 134 (8.55%) Microservices
8 116 (7.40%) Problem-Solving
9 113 (7.21%) Migration
10 108 (6.89%) BDD
11 106 (6.76%) ITIL
12 101 (6.45%) Configuration Management
12 101 (6.45%) OO
13 100 (6.38%) Business Intelligence
14 95 (6.06%) Test Automation
15 93 (5.93%) SDLC
16 91 (5.81%) Project Management
17 90 (5.74%) Unit Testing
18 89 (5.68%) Deployment Automation
19 86 (5.49%) Programme Management
Programming Languages
1 606 (38.67%) Java
2 355 (22.65%) SQL
3 182 (11.61%) Python
4 107 (6.83%) Perl
5 93 (5.93%) JavaScript
6 92 (5.87%) Shell Script
7 77 (4.91%) C#
8 70 (4.47%) Java 8
9 53 (3.38%) PowerShell
10 47 (3.00%) XPath
11 42 (2.68%) C++
12 36 (2.30%) Bash Shell
13 35 (2.23%) Ruby
14 34 (2.17%) C
15 27 (1.72%) PL/SQL
16 25 (1.60%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
17 17 (1.08%) Scala
18 14 (0.89%) Groovy
18 14 (0.89%) T-SQL
18 14 (0.89%) VB
Qualifications
1 88 (5.62%) Security Cleared
2 74 (4.72%) Degree
3 72 (4.59%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (1.34%) Cisco Certification
6 19 (1.21%) CISSP
7 18 (1.15%) CISM
8 12 (0.77%) CISA
8 12 (0.77%) TOGAF Certification
9 10 (0.64%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.64%) ITIL Certification
9 10 (0.64%) PMI Certification
9 10 (0.64%) PMP
10 9 (0.57%) CCNA
10 9 (0.57%) Master's Degree
10 9 (0.57%) Oracle Certification
11 8 (0.51%) CITP
12 7 (0.45%) CCSA
12 7 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 5 (0.32%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 57 (3.64%) QA
2 28 (1.79%) GDPR
3 25 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 20 (1.28%) NIST 800
5 19 (1.21%) SLA
6 14 (0.89%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.57%) PMO
8 8 (0.51%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.45%) ISO 20022
10 6 (0.38%) PSD2
11 5 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 3 (0.19%) COBIT
14 2 (0.13%) FISMA
14 2 (0.13%) GCP
14 2 (0.13%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.13%) ISO 22301
14 2 (0.13%) SEPA
15 1 (0.064%) Disclosure Scotland
15 1 (0.064%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 126 (8.04%) VMware Infrastructure
2 102 (6.51%) Docker
3 74 (4.72%) Active Directory
4 59 (3.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 32 (2.04%) HDFS
5 32 (2.04%) VMware ESXi
6 31 (1.98%) Hyper-V
7 27 (1.72%) Oracle RAC
8 23 (1.47%) Microsoft App-V
8 23 (1.47%) XenApp
9 15 (0.96%) NFS
10 9 (0.57%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 9 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (0.38%) Firmware
11 6 (0.38%) KVM
11 6 (0.38%) Time Sharing Option
11 6 (0.38%) Xen
12 5 (0.32%) RACF
12 5 (0.32%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.26%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 142 (9.06%) Ansible
2 86 (5.49%) Puppet
3 54 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (2.94%) Hadoop YARN
5 38 (2.43%) Kubernetes
6 32 (2.04%) Terraform
7 23 (1.47%) Data Guard
8 15 (0.96%) Kibana
8 15 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
9 14 (0.89%) CA Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.70%) Grafana
10 11 (0.70%) Microsoft Clustering
11 10 (0.64%) Oracle RMAN
12 9 (0.57%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 9 (0.57%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
12 9 (0.57%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.51%) logstash
13 8 (0.51%) NetBackup
13 8 (0.51%) Tivoli Identity Manager
14 7 (0.45%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 501 (31.97%) Oracle
2 222 (14.17%) IBM
3 162 (10.34%) SAP
4 157 (10.02%) VMware
5 127 (8.10%) Red Hat
6 126 (8.04%) Microsoft
7 75 (4.79%) WSO2
8 68 (4.34%) Citrix
9 57 (3.64%) MuleSoft
10 49 (3.13%) TIBCO
11 36 (2.30%) HP
11 36 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
12 34 (2.17%) Atlassian
13 31 (1.98%) ServiceNow
14 30 (1.91%) Google
14 30 (1.91%) webMethods
15 26 (1.66%) Siebel
15 26 (1.66%) Sybase
16 25 (1.60%) CA
17 24 (1.53%) Cisco