Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 146 111 73
Rank change year-on-year -35 -38 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,615 1,341 1,453
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.83% 2.27% 3.08%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.78% 7.41% 10.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,055 892 971
10th Percentile £377 £335 £350
25th Percentile £450 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £425 £464
% change year-on-year +17.65% -8.36% +3.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 20 14
10th Percentile £48.50 £22.02 £30.96
25th Percentile £60.00 £25.50 £49.25
Median hourly rate £63.43 £40.00 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year +58.58% -20.79% +4.34%
75th Percentile £75.00 £50.63 £53.00
90th Percentile - £55.00 £61.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £64.31 £40.00 £50.50
% change year-on-year +60.77% -20.79% +1.00%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,815 18,101 14,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.00% 30.59% 30.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,516 12,874 10,052
10th Percentile £400 £350 £331
25th Percentile £463 £413 £412
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £668 £594 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £669
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £446 £450
% change year-on-year +12.17% -0.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 225 191 132
10th Percentile £22.20 £22.64 £19.03
25th Percentile £35.00 £33.13 £31.25
Median hourly rate £51.25 £45.00 £46.20
Median % change year-on-year +13.89% -2.60% +3.82%
75th Percentile £67.00 £57.50 £54.77
90th Percentile £76.64 £66.00 £65.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £54.63 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +21.39% - +4.65%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -35 1,317 £549 +9.75% 321
Work from Home 0 933 £540 +13.68% 147
London -34 749 £575 +9.52% 138
UK excluding London -33 537 £500 +17.65% 199
South East -30 145 £500 +11.11% 48
North of England -44 98 £495 +16.47% 50
Midlands -27 85 £450 +12.50% 37
Scotland +3 74 £500 +17.65% 15
West Midlands -16 68 £450 +12.50% 25
North West -44 59 £550 +12.82% 16
East of England -21 58 £500 +8.11% 21
South West -35 56 £475 +5.56% 22
Yorkshire -32 26 £463 +21.71% 24
Wales +5 20 £533 +6.50% 3
East Midlands -17 16 £420 +16.67% 12
North East -9 14 £460 -20.00% 10
Northern Ireland - 4 £475 - 3

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 704 (43.59%) Java
2 666 (41.24%) Agile
3 563 (34.86%) REST
4 555 (34.37%) JavaScript
5 416 (25.76%) SQL
6 403 (24.95%) HTML
7 401 (24.83%) RESTful
8 353 (21.86%) Git (software)
9 351 (21.73%) SOAP
10 348 (21.55%) XML
11 343 (21.24%) Microservices
11 343 (21.24%) Social Skills
12 341 (21.11%) CSS
13 322 (19.94%) .NET
14 317 (19.63%) Spring
15 316 (19.57%) JSON
16 306 (18.95%) Azure
17 286 (17.71%) C#
18 278 (17.21%) Scrum
19 275 (17.03%) SQL Server
20 274 (16.97%) DevOps
21 273 (16.90%) Jenkins
22 265 (16.41%) Finance
23 257 (15.91%) CI/CD
24 239 (14.80%) Oracle
24 239 (14.80%) Microsoft
25 234 (14.49%) AngularJS
26 232 (14.37%) Test Automation
27 221 (13.68%) TDD
28 216 (13.37%) Security Cleared

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (4.64%) JBoss
2 55 (3.41%) Confluence
3 49 (3.03%) SharePoint
4 47 (2.91%) Tomcat
5 44 (2.72%) Apache
6 33 (2.04%) Red Hat Fuse
7 32 (1.98%) CMS
7 32 (1.98%) Elasticsearch
8 30 (1.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 27 (1.67%) WebSphere
10 26 (1.61%) IIS
11 20 (1.24%) Mule
12 19 (1.18%) WebLogic
13 15 (0.93%) nginx
14 14 (0.87%) Umbraco
14 14 (0.87%) WebSphere Application Server
15 11 (0.68%) Apache Qpid
16 10 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
16 10 (0.62%) FileNet
16 10 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 19 (1.18%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
3 10 (0.62%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.25%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.19%) Oracle Smart View
6 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.12%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.12%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 23 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (1.30%) Oracle ERP
3 15 (0.93%) SAP ERP
4 12 (0.74%) Shopify
5 11 (0.68%) Oracle EBS
6 9 (0.56%) Magento
7 8 (0.50%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.37%) Oracle Receivables
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle Assets
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
9 5 (0.31%) Oracle General Ledger
10 4 (0.25%) Oracle Cash Management
10 4 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
11 3 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.19%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.19%) SAP Retail
11 3 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
11 3 (0.19%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 306 (18.95%) Azure
2 214 (13.25%) AWS
3 86 (5.33%) GitHub
4 79 (4.89%) SaaS
5 59 (3.65%) Power Platform
6 57 (3.53%) PaaS
7 56 (3.47%) GCP
7 56 (3.47%) Serverless
8 41 (2.54%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 40 (2.48%) Microsoft 365
10 37 (2.29%) PowerApps
11 30 (1.86%) Dynamics 365
12 27 (1.67%) Azure Logic Apps
13 26 (1.61%) Azure Active Directory
13 26 (1.61%) Azure Service Bus
14 25 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
14 25 (1.55%) Power Automate
15 24 (1.49%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 20 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
17 19 (1.18%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 81 (5.02%) HTTP
2 50 (3.10%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.73%) HTTPS
4 27 (1.67%) Firewall
5 26 (1.61%) SSL
6 25 (1.55%) Ethernet
7 20 (1.24%) SMTP
8 17 (1.05%) DNS
9 13 (0.80%) FTP
10 11 (0.68%) DMZ
10 11 (0.68%) POP3
11 10 (0.62%) VPN
12 9 (0.56%) Network Security
13 8 (0.50%) Kerberos
14 7 (0.43%) AMQP
14 7 (0.43%) Internet
14 7 (0.43%) VLAN
15 6 (0.37%) LAN
15 6 (0.37%) WAN
15 6 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 275 (17.03%) SQL Server
2 151 (9.35%) Relational Database
3 113 (7.00%) NoSQL
4 111 (6.87%) MongoDB
5 106 (6.56%) MySQL
6 73 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
7 43 (2.66%) Oracle Database
8 40 (2.48%) Power BI
9 37 (2.29%) DB2
10 34 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
11 23 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
11 23 (1.42%) Big Data
12 19 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
12 19 (1.18%) RDBMS
12 19 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 18 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 17 (1.05%) GIS
14 17 (1.05%) Redis
15 16 (0.99%) Data Lake
16 14 (0.87%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 353 (21.86%) Git (software)
2 273 (16.90%) Jenkins
3 170 (10.53%) JIRA
4 118 (7.31%) Maven
5 97 (6.01%) JUnit
6 84 (5.20%) Cucumber
7 77 (4.77%) Selenium
8 71 (4.40%) Subversion
9 70 (4.33%) Visual Studio
10 67 (4.15%) Eclipse
11 63 (3.90%) GitLab
12 60 (3.72%) Postman
12 60 (3.72%) SoapUI
13 47 (2.91%) Bitbucket
14 38 (2.35%) Gradle
15 36 (2.23%) Mockito
16 35 (2.17%) Team Foundation Server
17 32 (1.98%) REST Assured
18 31 (1.92%) jMock
19 28 (1.73%) NetBeans
General
1 343 (21.24%) Social Skills
2 265 (16.41%) Finance
3 182 (11.27%) Public Sector
4 123 (7.62%) Banking
5 106 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (2.72%) Presentation Skills
7 41 (2.54%) Marketing
7 41 (2.54%) Telecoms
8 39 (2.41%) Investment Banking
9 34 (2.11%) Military
10 28 (1.73%) Manufacturing
11 26 (1.61%) Retail
12 22 (1.36%) Aerospace
12 22 (1.36%) Front Office
12 22 (1.36%) Influencing Skills
13 17 (1.05%) Police
14 16 (0.99%) Electronics
15 15 (0.93%) Legal
16 14 (0.87%) Law
16 14 (0.87%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 916 (56.72%) Developer
2 269 (16.66%) Java Developer
3 153 (9.47%) Senior Developer
4 146 (9.04%) Architect
5 141 (8.73%) .NET Developer
6 96 (5.94%) Full Stack Developer
7 67 (4.15%) Consultant
8 58 (3.59%) Analyst
8 58 (3.59%) Software Engineer
9 56 (3.47%) Salesforce Developer
10 55 (3.41%) Senior Java Developer
11 47 (2.91%) Python Developer
12 46 (2.85%) Solutions Architect
13 37 (2.29%) ServiceNow Developer
14 36 (2.23%) C# Developer
14 36 (2.23%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 36 (2.23%) Java Engineer
15 35 (2.17%) Scala Developer
16 34 (2.11%) Lead Developer
17 33 (2.04%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 563 (34.86%) REST
2 403 (24.95%) HTML
3 401 (24.83%) RESTful
4 351 (21.73%) SOAP
5 348 (21.55%) XML
6 341 (21.11%) CSS
7 322 (19.94%) .NET
8 317 (19.63%) Spring
9 316 (19.57%) JSON
10 234 (14.49%) AngularJS
11 192 (11.89%) React
12 183 (11.33%) Spring Boot
13 151 (9.35%) Node.js
14 133 (8.24%) ASP.NET Web API
15 121 (7.49%) .NET Framework
16 117 (7.24%) .NET Core
16 117 (7.24%) jQuery
17 114 (7.06%) HTML5
18 108 (6.69%) Hibernate
19 107 (6.63%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 125 (7.74%) User Experience
2 46 (2.85%) Management Information System
3 42 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
4 37 (2.29%) Public Cloud
5 35 (2.17%) Mobile App
6 34 (2.11%) CMDB
7 33 (2.04%) Data Structures
8 32 (1.98%) Data Protection Act
9 30 (1.86%) Cloud Native
10 29 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
11 24 (1.49%) Data Centre
12 22 (1.36%) Algorithms
12 22 (1.36%) NHS
12 22 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
13 17 (1.05%) Legacy Systems
13 17 (1.05%) N-Tier
14 15 (0.93%) Virtual Team
15 14 (0.87%) PKI
15 14 (0.87%) Video\Live Streaming
16 12 (0.74%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 211 (13.07%) Windows
2 207 (12.82%) Linux
3 120 (7.43%) Unix
4 35 (2.17%) Android
5 24 (1.49%) Apple iOS
6 22 (1.36%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.87%) Mac OS
8 11 (0.68%) AIX
9 8 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.31%) CentOS
10 5 (0.31%) HPUX
10 5 (0.31%) Solaris
11 3 (0.19%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.12%) Debian
12 2 (0.12%) Mesosphere
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.062%) SUSE
13 1 (0.062%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 666 (41.24%) Agile
2 343 (21.24%) Microservices
3 278 (17.21%) Scrum
4 274 (16.97%) DevOps
5 257 (15.91%) CI/CD
6 232 (14.37%) Test Automation
7 221 (13.68%) TDD
8 198 (12.26%) MVC
9 192 (11.89%) Problem-Solving
10 181 (11.21%) Full Stack Development
11 173 (10.71%) OO
12 166 (10.28%) Continuous Integration
13 162 (10.03%) Unit Testing
14 159 (9.85%) SOA
15 156 (9.66%) Software Engineering
16 135 (8.36%) SDLC
17 114 (7.06%) BDD
18 97 (6.01%) Workflow
19 93 (5.76%) Migration
20 88 (5.45%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 704 (43.59%) Java
2 555 (34.37%) JavaScript
3 416 (25.76%) SQL
4 286 (17.71%) C#
5 177 (10.96%) Python
6 95 (5.88%) TypeScript
7 84 (5.20%) PL/SQL
8 63 (3.90%) Apex Code
8 63 (3.90%) Scala
9 50 (3.10%) PowerShell
10 45 (2.79%) C++
11 36 (2.23%) Ruby
11 36 (2.23%) Shell Script
12 35 (2.17%) T-SQL
13 31 (1.92%) Bash
13 31 (1.92%) C
14 27 (1.67%) Groovy
14 27 (1.67%) PHP
15 26 (1.61%) ES6
16 23 (1.42%) Go
Qualifications
1 216 (13.37%) Security Cleared
2 178 (11.02%) SC Cleared
3 99 (6.13%) Degree
4 32 (1.98%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (1.18%) CISM
6 19 (1.18%) CISSP
6 19 (1.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 17 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.93%) CEH
8 15 (0.93%) TOGAF Certification
9 11 (0.68%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.62%) CRISC
11 9 (0.56%) CISA
11 9 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
12 8 (0.50%) GIAC
12 8 (0.50%) Master's Degree
13 6 (0.37%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 6 (0.37%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (7.55%) QA
2 56 (3.47%) Accessibility
3 21 (1.30%) WCAG
4 20 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (0.74%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.56%) NIST
7 7 (0.43%) GDPR
8 6 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 6 (0.37%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.25%) GRC
10 3 (0.19%) NIST 800
11 2 (0.12%) COBIT
11 2 (0.12%) FATCA
11 2 (0.12%) FedRAMP
11 2 (0.12%) SLA
11 2 (0.12%) SOC 2
12 1 (0.062%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.062%) RosettaNet
12 1 (0.062%) SEPA
System Software
1 152 (9.41%) Docker
2 70 (4.33%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.37%) Postfix
6 5 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.25%) vSphere
8 3 (0.19%) GridGain
9 2 (0.12%) Ceph
9 2 (0.12%) NDS
9 2 (0.12%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 2 (0.12%) NFS
9 2 (0.12%) Varnish
9 2 (0.12%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 115 (7.12%) Kubernetes
2 62 (3.84%) Ansible
3 48 (2.97%) Single Sign-On
4 42 (2.60%) Terraform
5 11 (0.68%) Prometheus
5 11 (0.68%) Red Hat Satellite
6 10 (0.62%) Grafana
6 10 (0.62%) Kibana
7 8 (0.50%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 8 (0.50%) logstash
7 8 (0.50%) Microsoft Clustering
7 8 (0.50%) Puppet
8 7 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
8 7 (0.43%) SCCM
9 6 (0.37%) HP ALM
9 6 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.31%) DatAdvantage
10 5 (0.31%) Tivoli
11 4 (0.25%) Consul
11 4 (0.25%) QRadar
Vendors
1 239 (14.80%) Microsoft
1 239 (14.80%) Oracle
2 87 (5.39%) Salesforce.com
3 83 (5.14%) ServiceNow
4 76 (4.71%) SAP
5 59 (3.65%) IBM
6 42 (2.60%) Google
7 37 (2.29%) Red Hat
8 32 (1.98%) Atlassian
9 28 (1.73%) Splunk
10 22 (1.36%) VMware
11 21 (1.30%) MuleSoft
12 18 (1.11%) Sybase
13 14 (0.87%) Pega
14 13 (0.80%) Qualys
15 12 (0.74%) Adobe
15 12 (0.74%) AppDynamics
15 12 (0.74%) Okta
16 11 (0.68%) Demandware
16 11 (0.68%) Dynatrace