Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 138 95 81
Rank change year-on-year -43 -14 -15
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,655 998 2,079
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.91% 2.39% 2.86%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.67% 7.88% 9.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,077 620 1,331
10th Percentile £375 £320 £350
25th Percentile £437 £381 £412
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £491 £488
Median % change year-on-year +6.87% +0.77% +2.63%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £413 £450
% change year-on-year +18.18% -8.33% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 19 32
10th Percentile £40.49 £21.99 £20.85
25th Percentile £48.50 £25.50 £45.09
Median hourly rate £62.08 £42.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +47.80% -20.00% +16.67%
75th Percentile £75.00 £54.38 £82.50
90th Percentile - £55.00 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £62.15 £34.25 £52.50
% change year-on-year +81.46% -34.76% +16.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,813 12,663 21,697
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.60% 30.34% 29.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,083 8,987 15,284
10th Percentile £381 £315 £330
25th Percentile £450 £400 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £490
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% -3.06% +3.16%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £425 £445
% change year-on-year +12.94% -4.49% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 149 194
10th Percentile £21.00 £25.37 £17.21
25th Percentile £36.25 £35.00 £32.61
Median hourly rate £51.88 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.28% -2.17% +9.93%
75th Percentile £65.53 £57.50 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.72 £63.80 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £46.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +14.13% +2.22% +7.95%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in the UK

Web Services
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -41 1,332 £525 +5.00% 481
London -45 765 £550 +4.76% 199
UK excluding London -28 567 £488 +18.18% 310
Work from Home -21 536 £500 - 117
South East -25 141 £538 +34.38% 66
North of England -36 102 £475 +11.76% 86
Midlands -45 85 £450 +24.14% 52
Scotland -14 77 £425 - 21
South West -25 74 £488 +5.41% 41
East of England -25 67 £495 +4.49% 30
West Midlands -40 56 £475 +26.67% 31
North West -30 55 £538 +26.47% 53
Yorkshire -27 35 £448 +2.87% 26
East Midlands -22 27 £415 +25.38% 19
Wales -17 17 £456 -8.75% 13
North East +4 13 £462 +10.27% 7
Northern Ireland -1 7 £433 +2.18% 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Services.

1 735 (44.41%) Agile Software Development
2 734 (44.35%) Java
3 564 (34.08%) JavaScript
4 543 (32.81%) REST
5 433 (26.16%) SQL
6 414 (25.02%) HTML
7 382 (23.08%) RESTful
8 381 (23.02%) XML
9 372 (22.48%) CSS
10 364 (21.99%) Azure
11 362 (21.87%) Git (software)
12 344 (20.79%) DevOps
13 335 (20.24%) .NET
14 330 (19.94%) SOAP
14 330 (19.94%) JSON
15 316 (19.09%) CI/CD
16 313 (18.91%) Scrum
17 309 (18.67%) Microservices
18 307 (18.55%) Social Skills
19 304 (18.37%) Jenkins
20 299 (18.07%) Spring
21 298 (18.01%) TDD
22 297 (17.95%) Finance
23 292 (17.64%) C#
24 276 (16.68%) SQL Server
25 272 (16.44%) Test Automation
26 255 (15.41%) Linux
26 255 (15.41%) Microsoft
27 237 (14.32%) AWS
28 233 (14.08%) Oracle

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (4.89%) SharePoint
2 58 (3.50%) JBoss
3 57 (3.44%) Tomcat
4 56 (3.38%) CMS
5 49 (2.96%) Apache
6 41 (2.48%) Confluence
7 36 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
8 30 (1.81%) WebSphere
9 28 (1.69%) IIS
9 28 (1.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 25 (1.51%) Mule
11 22 (1.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 16 (0.97%) Apache Spark
12 16 (0.97%) Red Hat Fuse
12 16 (0.97%) WebLogic
13 15 (0.91%) Appian
13 15 (0.91%) EPiServer
13 15 (0.91%) WebSphere Application Server
14 14 (0.85%) SharePoint 2010
15 13 (0.79%) Apache Qpid
Applications
1 18 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
3 7 (0.42%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.18%) SPSS
5 3 (0.18%) XMetaL
6 1 (0.060%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.060%) FileZilla
Business Applications
1 34 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.73%) Shopify
3 9 (0.54%) Oracle ERP
4 8 (0.48%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
5 7 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.36%) NetSuite
6 6 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
6 6 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
6 6 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.30%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.18%) Magento
8 3 (0.18%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 364 (21.99%) Azure
2 237 (14.32%) AWS
3 108 (6.53%) GitHub
4 73 (4.41%) SaaS
4 73 (4.41%) Serverless
5 71 (4.29%) PaaS
6 56 (3.38%) Power Platform
7 51 (3.08%) GCP
8 43 (2.60%) Microsoft 365
9 42 (2.54%) Dynamics 365
10 41 (2.48%) Azure Functions
11 35 (2.11%) Azure Active Directory
12 33 (1.99%) Amazon S3
13 31 (1.87%) Amazon EC2
13 31 (1.87%) Azure Service Bus
14 30 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
14 30 (1.81%) IaaS
15 27 (1.63%) Azure Logic Apps
15 27 (1.63%) PowerApps
16 25 (1.51%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 90 (5.44%) HTTP
2 44 (2.66%) TCP/IP
3 26 (1.57%) Firewall
4 25 (1.51%) DNS
5 21 (1.27%) SSL
6 19 (1.15%) Ethernet
7 17 (1.03%) FTP
8 16 (0.97%) Internet
9 14 (0.85%) Network Security
10 12 (0.73%) SNMP
10 12 (0.73%) SSH
10 12 (0.73%) VPN
11 11 (0.66%) DHCP
11 11 (0.66%) SAN
12 10 (0.60%) Intranet
12 10 (0.60%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.54%) SMTP
14 8 (0.48%) HTTPS
14 8 (0.48%) VLAN
15 6 (0.36%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 276 (16.68%) SQL Server
2 153 (9.24%) Relational Database
3 130 (7.85%) NoSQL
4 122 (7.37%) MongoDB
5 98 (5.92%) MySQL
6 70 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
7 40 (2.42%) Oracle Database
8 39 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
8 39 (2.36%) RDBMS
9 37 (2.24%) Power BI
10 35 (2.11%) Redis
11 32 (1.93%) Big Data
12 30 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
13 28 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 25 (1.51%) Data Lake
14 25 (1.51%) DB2
15 24 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 24 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (1.39%) Amazon RDS
17 22 (1.33%) GIS
Development Applications
1 362 (21.87%) Git (software)
2 304 (18.37%) Jenkins
3 141 (8.52%) JIRA
4 118 (7.13%) Maven
5 109 (6.59%) JUnit
6 106 (6.40%) Selenium
7 103 (6.22%) Visual Studio
8 100 (6.04%) Cucumber
9 66 (3.99%) Mockito
10 60 (3.63%) Eclipse
11 53 (3.20%) SoapUI
12 52 (3.14%) Subversion
13 50 (3.02%) Postman
14 46 (2.78%) GitLab
15 39 (2.36%) WebDriver
16 38 (2.30%) Team Foundation Server
17 37 (2.24%) NetBeans
18 35 (2.11%) Bitbucket
18 35 (2.11%) TeamCity
19 32 (1.93%) Gradle
General
1 307 (18.55%) Social Skills
2 297 (17.95%) Finance
3 188 (11.36%) Public Sector
4 124 (7.49%) Banking
5 118 (7.13%) Analytical Skills
6 80 (4.83%) Marketing
7 61 (3.69%) Presentation Skills
8 50 (3.02%) Telecoms
9 41 (2.48%) Investment Banking
10 37 (2.24%) Retail
11 33 (1.99%) Manufacturing
12 30 (1.81%) Electronics
12 30 (1.81%) Military
13 22 (1.33%) Front Office
14 19 (1.15%) Aerospace
15 17 (1.03%) Influencing Skills
16 14 (0.85%) Legal
17 13 (0.79%) Games
18 12 (0.73%) Back Office
18 12 (0.73%) Police
Job Titles
1 933 (56.37%) Developer
2 276 (16.68%) Java Developer
3 160 (9.67%) Senior Developer
4 158 (9.55%) Architect
5 109 (6.59%) .NET Developer
6 90 (5.44%) Full Stack Developer
7 87 (5.26%) Analyst
8 71 (4.29%) Solutions Architect
9 63 (3.81%) Senior Java Developer
9 63 (3.81%) Software Engineer
10 56 (3.38%) Consultant
11 45 (2.72%) C# Developer
12 43 (2.60%) ServiceNow Developer
13 41 (2.48%) Salesforce Developer
14 39 (2.36%) Java Engineer
15 38 (2.30%) Scala Developer
16 35 (2.11%) Tester
17 34 (2.05%) Backend Developer
17 34 (2.05%) Lead Developer
18 32 (1.93%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 543 (32.81%) REST
2 414 (25.02%) HTML
3 382 (23.08%) RESTful
4 381 (23.02%) XML
5 372 (22.48%) CSS
6 335 (20.24%) .NET
7 330 (19.94%) JSON
7 330 (19.94%) SOAP
8 299 (18.07%) Spring
9 218 (13.17%) AngularJS
10 181 (10.94%) React
11 177 (10.69%) Node.js
12 145 (8.76%) Spring Boot
13 130 (7.85%) .NET Framework
13 130 (7.85%) HTML5
14 125 (7.55%) .NET Core
15 124 (7.49%) jQuery
16 118 (7.13%) ASP.NET
17 104 (6.28%) ASP.NET Web API
18 94 (5.68%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 93 (5.62%) User Experience
2 61 (3.69%) Data Structures
3 39 (2.36%) Public Cloud
4 38 (2.30%) Management Information System
4 38 (2.30%) Mobile App
5 37 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
6 33 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
7 31 (1.87%) Legacy Systems
8 29 (1.75%) Algorithms
8 29 (1.75%) Cloud Native
8 29 (1.75%) Data Centre
9 27 (1.63%) Data Protection Act
10 26 (1.57%) Client/Server
11 25 (1.51%) Legacy Applications
12 23 (1.39%) N-Tier
13 21 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
13 21 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
14 20 (1.21%) CMDB
15 18 (1.09%) Social Media
16 12 (0.73%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 255 (15.41%) Linux
2 212 (12.81%) Windows
3 117 (7.07%) Unix
4 32 (1.93%) Android
5 28 (1.69%) Windows Server
6 26 (1.57%) Apple iOS
7 23 (1.39%) Mac OS
8 15 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.54%) Solaris
10 6 (0.36%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
11 5 (0.30%) tvOS
11 5 (0.30%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.30%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.18%) AIX
12 3 (0.18%) Debian
12 3 (0.18%) Mesosphere
12 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.12%) VMS
13 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 735 (44.41%) Agile Software Development
2 344 (20.79%) DevOps
3 316 (19.09%) CI/CD
4 313 (18.91%) Scrum
5 309 (18.67%) Microservices
6 298 (18.01%) TDD
7 272 (16.44%) Test Automation
8 230 (13.90%) SOA
9 208 (12.57%) Problem-Solving
10 198 (11.96%) Software Engineering
11 190 (11.48%) Continuous Integration
12 181 (10.94%) Unit Testing
13 177 (10.69%) MVC
14 161 (9.73%) Full Stack Development
14 161 (9.73%) OO
15 141 (8.52%) BDD
16 136 (8.22%) SDLC
17 120 (7.25%) Migration
18 89 (5.38%) Business Intelligence
19 84 (5.08%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 734 (44.35%) Java
2 564 (34.08%) JavaScript
3 433 (26.16%) SQL
4 292 (17.64%) C#
5 157 (9.49%) Python
6 126 (7.61%) Java 8
7 100 (6.04%) TypeScript
8 92 (5.56%) Scala
9 85 (5.14%) PowerShell
10 59 (3.56%) T-SQL
11 54 (3.26%) Ruby
12 52 (3.14%) Java 11
13 50 (3.02%) Shell Script
14 48 (2.90%) C++
15 46 (2.78%) Apex Code
16 44 (2.66%) PHP
17 42 (2.54%) C
18 38 (2.30%) PL/SQL
19 35 (2.11%) VB.NET
20 31 (1.87%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 221 (13.35%) Security Cleared
2 182 (11.00%) SC Cleared
3 113 (6.83%) Degree
4 39 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
5 15 (0.91%) DV Cleared
6 11 (0.66%) TOGAF Certification
7 9 (0.54%) CISSP
7 9 (0.54%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 8 (0.48%) CISM
8 8 (0.48%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 6 (0.36%) CCSP
9 6 (0.36%) CEH
9 6 (0.36%) CISA
9 6 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.36%) CompTIA Security+
9 6 (0.36%) GIAC
9 6 (0.36%) ISACA
9 6 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (7.73%) QA
2 76 (4.59%) Accessibility
3 16 (0.97%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.97%) GDPR
4 14 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 14 (0.85%) WCAG
5 12 (0.73%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.42%) SOC 2
7 6 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.36%) HIPAA
7 6 (0.36%) NIST
8 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.18%) SLA
10 2 (0.12%) PMBOK
11 1 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.060%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.060%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.060%) NIST 800
System Software
1 197 (11.90%) Docker
2 71 (4.29%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.18%) Postfix
6 2 (0.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 2 (0.12%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.12%) KVM
6 2 (0.12%) NFS
6 2 (0.12%) Varnish
6 2 (0.12%) vCloud
6 2 (0.12%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 2 (0.12%) vSphere
7 1 (0.060%) NDS
7 1 (0.060%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 1 (0.060%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.060%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 150 (9.06%) Kubernetes
2 71 (4.29%) Ansible
3 59 (3.56%) Terraform
4 41 (2.48%) Grafana
5 36 (2.18%) Single Sign-On
6 35 (2.11%) Prometheus
7 27 (1.63%) Kibana
8 21 (1.27%) logstash
9 14 (0.85%) Puppet
9 14 (0.85%) Red Hat Satellite
10 11 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (0.60%) Graphite
12 9 (0.54%) HP ALM
13 8 (0.48%) Amdocs OSS
14 7 (0.42%) Microsoft Intune
14 7 (0.42%) Netcool
14 7 (0.42%) Netcool/OMNIbus
15 6 (0.36%) Nessus
15 6 (0.36%) SCCM
16 5 (0.30%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 255 (15.41%) Microsoft
2 233 (14.08%) Oracle
3 84 (5.08%) ServiceNow
4 79 (4.77%) SAP
5 73 (4.41%) Salesforce.com
6 53 (3.20%) IBM
7 34 (2.05%) Google
8 32 (1.93%) MuleSoft
9 28 (1.69%) Red Hat
10 27 (1.63%) Adobe
11 24 (1.45%) VMware
12 21 (1.27%) Splunk
13 18 (1.09%) Atlassian
13 18 (1.09%) Databricks
14 16 (0.97%) Pega
14 16 (0.97%) Sybase
15 14 (0.85%) Informatica
16 13 (0.79%) Telerik
17 12 (0.73%) BMC
18 11 (0.66%) Snow