Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 122 111 191
Rank change year-on-year -11 +80 -32
Contract jobs citing JUnit 34 32 48
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.13% 1.14% 0.75%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.22% 6.19% 4.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 21 25 40
10th Percentile £425 £430 £425
25th Percentile £575 £450 £492
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year +16.28% -2.27% +13.11%
75th Percentile £638 £638 £638
90th Percentile £800 £660 £650
Central London median daily rate £625 £513 £545
% change year-on-year +21.95% -5.96% +12.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
Median hourly rate £25.50 £57.50 -
Median % change year-on-year -55.65% - -
Central London median hourly rate £25.50 £57.50 -
% change year-on-year -55.65% - -

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 547 517 1,174
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.24% 18.46% 18.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 375 873
10th Percentile £400 £385 £400
25th Percentile £462 £436 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £515 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% -1.90% +5.00%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £711 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £539 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +7.75% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 6 7
10th Percentile £25.58 £38.75 £15.65
25th Percentile £26.06 £44.88 £20.25
Median hourly rate £27.25 £48.89 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -44.26% +117.28% -29.69%
75th Percentile £28.56 £56.38 £56.50
90th Percentile £29.13 £59.38 £57.90
Central London median hourly rate £27.25 £48.89 £22.50
% change year-on-year -44.26% +117.28% -29.69%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 31 (91.18%) Java
2 25 (73.53%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (73.53%) TDD
3 22 (64.71%) Mockito
4 19 (55.88%) Spring
5 16 (47.06%) Git (software)
6 15 (44.12%) Docker
7 13 (38.24%) Scrum
7 13 (38.24%) DevOps
8 11 (32.35%) Unit Testing
8 11 (32.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 10 (29.41%) AWS
9 10 (29.41%) Hibernate
9 10 (29.41%) Ansible
10 9 (26.47%) XML
10 9 (26.47%) BDD
10 9 (26.47%) REST
10 9 (26.47%) JIRA
10 9 (26.47%) Test Automation
10 9 (26.47%) Kanban
11 8 (23.53%) RESTful
11 8 (23.53%) Cucumber
11 8 (23.53%) Java 8
11 8 (23.53%) Microservices
11 8 (23.53%) Jenkins
12 7 (20.59%) Kotlin
12 7 (20.59%) Multithreading
12 7 (20.59%) Selenium
13 6 (17.65%) Continuous Integration
13 6 (17.65%) Android

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (8.82%) Confluence
2 1 (2.94%) Anypoint
2 1 (2.94%) JBoss
2 1 (2.94%) Mule
2 1 (2.94%) Red Hat Fuse
Cloud Services
1 10 (29.41%) AWS
2 6 (17.65%) Azure
3 4 (11.76%) GitHub
4 2 (5.88%) Slack
5 1 (2.94%) Amazon ECS
5 1 (2.94%) Amazon EKS
5 1 (2.94%) Amazon Kinesis
5 1 (2.94%) Amazon S3
5 1 (2.94%) Amazon SQS
5 1 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (2.94%) OpenShift
5 1 (2.94%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.94%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (17.65%) NoSQL
2 4 (11.76%) Relational Database
3 3 (8.82%) MongoDB
4 1 (2.94%) Amazon Aurora
4 1 (2.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 1 (2.94%) CouchDB
4 1 (2.94%) Hadoop
4 1 (2.94%) MySQL
4 1 (2.94%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 22 (64.71%) Mockito
2 16 (47.06%) Git (software)
3 11 (32.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 9 (26.47%) JIRA
5 8 (23.53%) Cucumber
5 8 (23.53%) Jenkins
6 7 (20.59%) Selenium
7 4 (11.76%) Maven
7 4 (11.76%) NUnit
7 4 (11.76%) Postman
8 3 (8.82%) Gradle
8 3 (8.82%) jMock
8 3 (8.82%) REST Assured
8 3 (8.82%) Team Foundation Server
9 2 (5.88%) Android Studio
9 2 (5.88%) Calabash
9 2 (5.88%) GitLab
9 2 (5.88%) Hudson
9 2 (5.88%) NeoLoad
9 2 (5.88%) TestNG
General
1 6 (17.65%) Social Skills
2 5 (14.71%) Banking
3 4 (11.76%) Finance
3 4 (11.76%) Investment Banking
4 3 (8.82%) Front Office
4 3 (8.82%) Legal
5 2 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (5.88%) Presentation Skills
6 1 (2.94%) Retail
6 1 (2.94%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 17 (50.00%) Developer
2 14 (41.18%) Java Developer
3 9 (26.47%) Agile Developer
3 9 (26.47%) Agile Java Developer
3 9 (26.47%) DevOps Developer
4 4 (11.76%) Android Engineer
5 3 (8.82%) Applications Engineer
5 3 (8.82%) Electronic Trading Developer
5 3 (8.82%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
5 3 (8.82%) Software Engineer
5 3 (8.82%) Tester
6 2 (5.88%) Android Developer
6 2 (5.88%) Automation Tester
6 2 (5.88%) Development Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) QA Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) Software Development Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) Software Test Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) Test Development Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) Test Engineer
7 1 (2.94%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (55.88%) Spring
2 10 (29.41%) Hibernate
3 9 (26.47%) REST
3 9 (26.47%) XML
4 8 (23.53%) RESTful
5 6 (17.65%) Android SDK
5 6 (17.65%) Dagger
5 6 (17.65%) RxJava
6 5 (14.71%) JSON
7 4 (11.76%) Middleware
7 4 (11.76%) Web Services
8 3 (8.82%) Kafka
8 3 (8.82%) Node.js
8 3 (8.82%) Spring Boot
8 3 (8.82%) Ultra Messaging
9 2 (5.88%) .NET Framework
9 2 (5.88%) AngularJS
9 2 (5.88%) Gherkin
9 2 (5.88%) Reactive Extensions
9 2 (5.88%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 4 (11.76%) Fixed Income
1 4 (11.76%) Mobile App
2 3 (8.82%) Greenfield Project
3 2 (5.88%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (2.94%) Animation
4 1 (2.94%) CMDB
4 1 (2.94%) iPhone
4 1 (2.94%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 6 (17.65%) Android
2 1 (2.94%) Apple iOS
2 1 (2.94%) Linux
2 1 (2.94%) Unix
2 1 (2.94%) Windows
2 1 (2.94%) Windows Server 2008
2 1 (2.94%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 25 (73.53%) Agile Software Development
1 25 (73.53%) TDD
2 13 (38.24%) DevOps
2 13 (38.24%) Scrum
3 11 (32.35%) Unit Testing
4 9 (26.47%) BDD
4 9 (26.47%) Kanban
4 9 (26.47%) Test Automation
5 8 (23.53%) Microservices
6 7 (20.59%) Multithreading
7 6 (17.65%) Continuous Integration
7 6 (17.65%) MVVM
8 5 (14.71%) OO
8 5 (14.71%) Pair Programming
8 5 (14.71%) SDET
8 5 (14.71%) Software Engineering
9 4 (11.76%) API Testing
9 4 (11.76%) Dependency Injection
9 4 (11.76%) Extreme Programming
9 4 (11.76%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 31 (91.18%) Java
2 8 (23.53%) Java 8
3 7 (20.59%) Kotlin
4 4 (11.76%) JavaScript
5 3 (8.82%) SQL
6 2 (5.88%) C#
6 2 (5.88%) Python
7 1 (2.94%) Apple Swift
7 1 (2.94%) Bash Shell
7 1 (2.94%) C++
7 1 (2.94%) Objective-C
7 1 (2.94%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 4 (11.76%) Security Cleared
2 2 (5.88%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (11.76%) QA
2 3 (8.82%) PMO
System Software
1 15 (44.12%) Docker
2 1 (2.94%) Active Directory
2 1 (2.94%) vCloud
2 1 (2.94%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 10 (29.41%) Ansible
2 3 (8.82%) Kubernetes
3 1 (2.94%) Puppet
Vendors
1 3 (8.82%) Perforce
1 3 (8.82%) Solace
2 2 (5.88%) CA
2 2 (5.88%) CA Agile Central
2 2 (5.88%) hybris
2 2 (5.88%) Splunk
3 1 (2.94%) Atlassian
3 1 (2.94%) Google
3 1 (2.94%) Murex
3 1 (2.94%) Perfecto Mobile
3 1 (2.94%) Sybase
3 1 (2.94%) VMware