Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 16 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 158 138 108
Rank change year-on-year -20 -30 +90
Contract jobs citing JUnit 40 32 23
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 0.89% 0.92% 1.08%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.72% 5.21% 5.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 16 25 15
10th Percentile £416 £418 £455
25th Percentile £489 £463 £509
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £688 £625 £550
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +13.64% +3.53%
75th Percentile £732 £653 £626
90th Percentile £738 £750 £684
Central London median daily rate £688 £625 £550
% change year-on-year +10.00% +13.64% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £41.25 £25.25 -
Median hourly rate £42.50 £25.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +66.67% - -
75th Percentile £43.75 £25.75 -
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate £42.50 £25.50 -
% change year-on-year +66.67% - -

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 848 614 425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.95% 17.70% 19.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 579 438 300
10th Percentile £425 £405 £369
25th Percentile £506 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £515
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +6.80% -1.90%
75th Percentile £725 £650 £600
90th Percentile £775 £723 £675
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £510
% change year-on-year +9.09% +7.84% -2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 3
10th Percentile £44.25 £25.90 £35.25
25th Percentile £48.75 £26.88 £39.00
Median hourly rate £52.50 £29.00 £46.50
Median % change year-on-year +81.03% -37.63% -10.58%
75th Percentile £55.00 £31.25 £52.63
90th Percentile £57.25 £32.30 £55.55
Central London median hourly rate £52.50 £29.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +81.03% -37.63% -10.58%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

For the 6 months to 16 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 39 (97.50%) Java
2 29 (72.50%) Spring
3 24 (60.00%) Microservices
4 23 (57.50%) Spring Boot
4 23 (57.50%) Finance
4 23 (57.50%) TDD
5 20 (50.00%) Test Automation
6 18 (45.00%) REST
6 18 (45.00%) Agile
7 17 (42.50%) CI/CD
8 16 (40.00%) Jenkins
9 15 (37.50%) Cucumber
10 14 (35.00%) Scrum
11 13 (32.50%) Banking
11 13 (32.50%) Hibernate
12 11 (27.50%) Unit Testing
12 11 (27.50%) Integration Testing
12 11 (27.50%) Mockito
12 11 (27.50%) Docker
13 10 (25.00%) Kafka
13 10 (25.00%) JIRA
14 9 (22.50%) Event-Driven
15 8 (20.00%) DevOps
15 8 (20.00%) QA
15 8 (20.00%) Kanban
15 8 (20.00%) Front Office
15 8 (20.00%) Maven
16 7 (17.50%) Continuous Integration
16 7 (17.50%) Git (software)
16 7 (17.50%) AngularJS

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (7.50%) Confluence
2 2 (5.00%) GlassFish
3 1 (2.50%) Cloud Foundry
3 1 (2.50%) JBoss
3 1 (2.50%) Mule
3 1 (2.50%) Red Hat Fuse
Cloud Services
1 5 (12.50%) GitHub
2 4 (10.00%) AWS
3 3 (7.50%) npm
4 1 (2.50%) Azure
4 1 (2.50%) Bitrise
4 1 (2.50%) Google Pay
4 1 (2.50%) Google Play
4 1 (2.50%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.50%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (17.50%) Redis
2 4 (10.00%) SQL Server
3 3 (7.50%) Oracle Database
4 2 (5.00%) PostgreSQL
5 1 (2.50%) DocumentDB
5 1 (2.50%) DynamoDB
5 1 (2.50%) Hadoop
5 1 (2.50%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 16 (40.00%) Jenkins
2 15 (37.50%) Cucumber
3 11 (27.50%) Mockito
4 10 (25.00%) JIRA
5 8 (20.00%) Maven
6 7 (17.50%) Git (software)
7 5 (12.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (10.00%) jMock
8 4 (10.00%) Selenium
9 3 (7.50%) JBehave
9 3 (7.50%) REST Assured
9 3 (7.50%) TeamCity
10 2 (5.00%) Bitbucket
10 2 (5.00%) Checkstyle
10 2 (5.00%) GitLab
10 2 (5.00%) IntelliJ
10 2 (5.00%) JMeter
10 2 (5.00%) Mercurial
10 2 (5.00%) SonarQube
11 1 (2.50%) Log4j
General
1 23 (57.50%) Finance
2 13 (32.50%) Banking
3 8 (20.00%) Front Office
4 3 (7.50%) Financial Institution
4 3 (7.50%) Legal
5 2 (5.00%) Social Skills
6 1 (2.50%) Analytical Skills
6 1 (2.50%) German Language
6 1 (2.50%) Law
6 1 (2.50%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 24 (60.00%) Developer
2 18 (45.00%) Java Developer
3 5 (12.50%) Agile Developer
3 5 (12.50%) Agile Java Developer
3 5 (12.50%) DevOps Developer
3 5 (12.50%) Full Stack Developer
4 4 (10.00%) Java Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Java Software Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Senior Developer
5 3 (7.50%) Senior Java Developer
5 3 (7.50%) Software Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Test Engineer
6 2 (5.00%) Android Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Backend Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Front Office Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Senior Full Stack Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Software Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Test Automation Engineer
6 2 (5.00%) Web Developer
7 1 (2.50%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (72.50%) Spring
2 23 (57.50%) Spring Boot
3 18 (45.00%) REST
4 13 (32.50%) Hibernate
5 10 (25.00%) Kafka
6 7 (17.50%) AngularJS
7 6 (15.00%) HTML
7 6 (15.00%) HTML5
7 6 (15.00%) React
8 4 (10.00%) Spring MVC
9 3 (7.50%) Java EE
9 3 (7.50%) JMS
9 3 (7.50%) JSON
9 3 (7.50%) Redux
9 3 (7.50%) Web Services
9 3 (7.50%) WebSphere MQ
10 2 (5.00%) J2EE
10 2 (5.00%) Zuul
11 1 (2.50%) CSS
11 1 (2.50%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 6 (15.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 4 (10.00%) Equities
2 4 (10.00%) Fixed Income
3 3 (7.50%) Hedge funds
3 3 (7.50%) Private Cloud
3 3 (7.50%) Robotics
4 2 (5.00%) Data Structures
5 1 (2.50%) Derivative
5 1 (2.50%) Enterprise Software
5 1 (2.50%) Equity Derivative
5 1 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
5 1 (2.50%) Management Information System
5 1 (2.50%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 3 (7.50%) Unix
1 3 (7.50%) Windows
2 2 (5.00%) Android
3 1 (2.50%) Apple iOS
3 1 (2.50%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 24 (60.00%) Microservices
2 23 (57.50%) TDD
3 20 (50.00%) Test Automation
4 18 (45.00%) Agile
5 17 (42.50%) CI/CD
6 14 (35.00%) Scrum
7 11 (27.50%) Integration Testing
7 11 (27.50%) Unit Testing
8 9 (22.50%) Event-Driven
9 8 (20.00%) DevOps
9 8 (20.00%) Kanban
10 7 (17.50%) Continuous Integration
11 6 (15.00%) BDD
11 6 (15.00%) Event-Driven Programming
11 6 (15.00%) Full Stack Development
12 5 (12.50%) OO
13 4 (10.00%) Electronic Trading
13 4 (10.00%) Software Engineering
14 3 (7.50%) Data Protection
14 3 (7.50%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 39 (97.50%) Java
2 6 (15.00%) JavaScript
3 4 (10.00%) PL/SQL
3 4 (10.00%) SQL
4 3 (7.50%) Bash
4 3 (7.50%) Perl
4 3 (7.50%) Python
5 2 (5.00%) Kotlin
5 2 (5.00%) TypeScript
6 1 (2.50%) ES6
6 1 (2.50%) Go
6 1 (2.50%) PowerShell
6 1 (2.50%) Ruby
6 1 (2.50%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1 (2.50%) SC Cleared
1 1 (2.50%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (20.00%) QA
2 3 (7.50%) GDPR
System Software
1 11 (27.50%) Docker
2 1 (2.50%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 6 (15.00%) Ansible
2 1 (2.50%) Kubernetes
2 1 (2.50%) Puppet
2 1 (2.50%) Rancher
Vendors
1 4 (10.00%) Oracle
2 2 (5.00%) Microsoft
3 1 (2.50%) AppDynamics
3 1 (2.50%) Blue Coat
3 1 (2.50%) F5
3 1 (2.50%) Google
3 1 (2.50%) Huawei
3 1 (2.50%) Splunk