Period
to 7 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 7 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 109 148 174
Rank change year-on-year +39 +26 +9
Contract jobs citing JUnit 28 39 81
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.25% 0.86% 1.20%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.14% 5.10% 5.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 24 32 74
Median daily rate £569 £488 £565
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -13.72% +25.56%
10th Percentile £425 £350 £425
90th Percentile £688 £638 £650
Central London median daily rate £575 £475 £550
% change year-on-year +21.05% -13.64% +22.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £57.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £57.50 -

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 392 764 1,456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.49% 16.85% 21.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 279 597 1,129
Median daily rate £525 £515 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.94% -1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £325 £363 £375
90th Percentile £678 £659 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 3
Median hourly rate - £49.28 £56.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -12.01% -13.85%
Median hourly rate - £49.28 £56.00
% change year-on-year - -12.01% -13.85%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the City of London

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the City of London

For the 6 months to 7 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for JUnit.

1 26 (92.86%) Java
2 19 (67.86%) Agile Software Development
3 17 (60.71%) TDD
4 16 (57.14%) Spring
4 16 (57.14%) Mockito
5 13 (46.43%) AWS
6 11 (39.29%) Scrum
6 11 (39.29%) Docker
7 10 (35.71%) BDD
8 9 (32.14%) XML
9 8 (28.57%) Cucumber
9 8 (28.57%) Azure
9 8 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
9 8 (28.57%) Git (software)
9 8 (28.57%) DevOps
9 8 (28.57%) Kubernetes
9 8 (28.57%) REST
10 7 (25.00%) Jenkins
10 7 (25.00%) Ansible
10 7 (25.00%) Unit Testing
11 6 (21.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 6 (21.43%) Security Cleared
11 6 (21.43%) Test Automation
11 6 (21.43%) Multithreading
11 6 (21.43%) JSON
11 6 (21.43%) Hibernate
11 6 (21.43%) Finance
11 6 (21.43%) Kotlin
11 6 (21.43%) Java 8
12 5 (17.86%) RxJava

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (7.14%) Confluence
1 2 (7.14%) Jupyter
1 2 (7.14%) Oracle Coherence
2 1 (3.57%) Anypoint
2 1 (3.57%) Elasticsearch
2 1 (3.57%) JBoss
2 1 (3.57%) Mule
2 1 (3.57%) Red Hat Fuse
2 1 (3.57%) WebLogic
2 1 (3.57%) WebSphere
Cloud Services
1 13 (46.43%) AWS
2 8 (28.57%) Azure
3 3 (10.71%) Amazon S3
3 3 (10.71%) Amazon SQS
3 3 (10.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
4 2 (7.14%) Apigee
4 2 (7.14%) GCP
4 2 (7.14%) GitHub
4 2 (7.14%) Serverless
4 2 (7.14%) Slack
5 1 (3.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 1 (3.57%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 3 (10.71%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (17.86%) MongoDB
2 3 (10.71%) NoSQL
3 2 (7.14%) Apache Hive
3 2 (7.14%) Cloud Spanner
3 2 (7.14%) Oracle Database
4 1 (3.57%) Big Data
4 1 (3.57%) Geospatial Data
4 1 (3.57%) GIS
4 1 (3.57%) MySQL
4 1 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
4 1 (3.57%) Relational Database
4 1 (3.57%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 16 (57.14%) Mockito
2 8 (28.57%) Cucumber
2 8 (28.57%) Git (software)
3 7 (25.00%) Jenkins
4 6 (21.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 5 (17.86%) JIRA
5 5 (17.86%) JMeter
5 5 (17.86%) Maven
6 4 (14.29%) Postman
6 4 (14.29%) Selenium
7 3 (10.71%) NUnit
7 3 (10.71%) PyUnit
7 3 (10.71%) REST Assured
7 3 (10.71%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (10.71%) TestNG
8 2 (7.14%) Eclipse
8 2 (7.14%) IntelliJ
8 2 (7.14%) jMock
8 2 (7.14%) Mocha
8 2 (7.14%) WebLOAD
General
1 6 (21.43%) Finance
2 4 (14.29%) Banking
3 2 (7.14%) Advertising
3 2 (7.14%) Back Office
4 1 (3.57%) Investment Banking
4 1 (3.57%) Retail
4 1 (3.57%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 18 (64.29%) Developer
2 15 (53.57%) Java Developer
3 5 (17.86%) Agile Developer
3 5 (17.86%) Agile Java Developer
3 5 (17.86%) DevOps Developer
4 3 (10.71%) Android Engineer
4 3 (10.71%) Applications Engineer
4 3 (10.71%) Automation Tester
4 3 (10.71%) Senior Developer
4 3 (10.71%) Senior Java Developer
4 3 (10.71%) Software Engineer
4 3 (10.71%) Tester
5 2 (7.14%) Android Developer
5 2 (7.14%) Development Engineer
5 2 (7.14%) Full Stack Developer
5 2 (7.14%) Software Development Engineer
5 2 (7.14%) Software Test Engineer
5 2 (7.14%) Test Development Engineer
5 2 (7.14%) Test Engineer
6 1 (3.57%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (57.14%) Spring
2 9 (32.14%) XML
3 8 (28.57%) REST
4 6 (21.43%) Hibernate
4 6 (21.43%) JSON
5 5 (17.86%) JMS
5 5 (17.86%) RxJava
5 5 (17.86%) Spring Boot
6 4 (14.29%) Android SDK
6 4 (14.29%) AngularJS
6 4 (14.29%) Dagger
7 3 (10.71%) JSON Schema
7 3 (10.71%) Node.js
7 3 (10.71%) RESTful
7 3 (10.71%) Web Services
7 3 (10.71%) XSD
8 2 (7.14%) CSS
8 2 (7.14%) HTML5
8 2 (7.14%) JDBC
8 2 (7.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 4 (14.29%) Mobile App
2 1 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
2 1 (3.57%) CMDB
2 1 (3.57%) Data Structures
2 1 (3.57%) Fixed Income
2 1 (3.57%) Mobile Payment
2 1 (3.57%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 5 (17.86%) Android
2 2 (7.14%) Linux
2 2 (7.14%) Unix
3 1 (3.57%) Windows
3 1 (3.57%) Windows Server 2008
3 1 (3.57%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (67.86%) Agile Software Development
2 17 (60.71%) TDD
3 11 (39.29%) Scrum
4 10 (35.71%) BDD
5 8 (28.57%) Continuous Integration
5 8 (28.57%) DevOps
6 7 (25.00%) Unit Testing
7 6 (21.43%) Multithreading
7 6 (21.43%) Test Automation
8 5 (17.86%) Integration Testing
8 5 (17.86%) Kanban
8 5 (17.86%) OO
9 4 (14.29%) Dependency Injection
9 4 (14.29%) Extreme Programming
9 4 (14.29%) Mentoring
9 4 (14.29%) Microservices
9 4 (14.29%) MVVM
9 4 (14.29%) Pair Programming
9 4 (14.29%) Software Engineering
9 4 (14.29%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 26 (92.86%) Java
2 6 (21.43%) Java 8
2 6 (21.43%) Kotlin
3 4 (14.29%) JavaScript
4 3 (10.71%) Python
5 2 (7.14%) C#
5 2 (7.14%) Go
5 2 (7.14%) PL/SQL
5 2 (7.14%) SQL
6 1 (3.57%) Bash Shell
6 1 (3.57%) Korn
6 1 (3.57%) PowerShell
6 1 (3.57%) Scala
Qualifications
1 6 (21.43%) Security Cleared
2 5 (17.86%) SC Cleared
3 2 (7.14%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (7.14%) QA
System Software
1 11 (39.29%) Docker
2 1 (3.57%) Active Directory
2 1 (3.57%) vCloud
2 1 (3.57%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 8 (28.57%) Kubernetes
2 7 (25.00%) Ansible
3 2 (7.14%) Grafana
3 2 (7.14%) Prometheus
4 1 (3.57%) Puppet
Vendors
1 2 (7.14%) Confluent
1 2 (7.14%) Oracle
1 2 (7.14%) Splunk
2 1 (3.57%) Atlassian
2 1 (3.57%) CheckPoint
2 1 (3.57%) Luciad
2 1 (3.57%) Murex
2 1 (3.57%) Perfecto Mobile
2 1 (3.57%) Sybase
2 1 (3.57%) VMware