Period
to 19 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 19 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 126 112 149
Rank change year-on-year -14 +37 -66
Contract jobs citing Selenium 40 13 89
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.12% 0.74% 1.42%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.21% 3.87% 8.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 32 8 66
10th Percentile £331 £309 £363
25th Percentile £414 £463 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £515 £529 £475
Median % change year-on-year -2.65% +11.37% -
75th Percentile £575 £559 £556
90th Percentile £650 £619 £613
Central London median daily rate £505 £507 £469
% change year-on-year -0.30% +8.05% -1.32%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 644 336 1,069
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.96% 19.13% 17.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 480 238 823
10th Percentile £412 £323 £375
25th Percentile £463 £436 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £573 £510 £525
Median % change year-on-year +12.25% -2.86% +5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £600
90th Percentile £715 £641 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £510 £525
% change year-on-year +7.84% -2.86% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 4
10th Percentile £25.90 £34.00 £12.95
25th Percentile £26.88 £35.88 £17.00
Median hourly rate £29.00 £40.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -27.50% +90.48% -34.38%
75th Percentile £31.25 £44.38 £30.19
90th Percentile £32.30 £46.40 £45.38
Central London median hourly rate £29.00 £40.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -27.50% +90.48% -34.38%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in the City of London

Selenium
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Selenium in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Selenium in the City of London

Selenium
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Selenium in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Selenium in the City of London

Selenium
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Selenium in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Selenium in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 30 (75.00%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (67.50%) Test Automation
3 23 (57.50%) Cucumber
4 17 (42.50%) Java
5 15 (37.50%) Azure
5 15 (37.50%) DevOps
6 14 (35.00%) Git (software)
6 14 (35.00%) SpecFlow
6 14 (35.00%) JavaScript
6 14 (35.00%) TDD
7 13 (32.50%) QA
7 13 (32.50%) BDD
8 12 (30.00%) Gherkin
9 11 (27.50%) Test Strategy
9 11 (27.50%) Jenkins
9 11 (27.50%) Scrum
9 11 (27.50%) C#
9 11 (27.50%) SQL
10 10 (25.00%) JIRA
10 10 (25.00%) RESTful
10 10 (25.00%) Social Skills
11 9 (22.50%) WebDriver
11 9 (22.50%) Microservices
12 8 (20.00%) .NET
12 8 (20.00%) Python
12 8 (20.00%) JMeter
12 8 (20.00%) Postman
13 7 (17.50%) Finance
13 7 (17.50%) SDLC
13 7 (17.50%) API Testing

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Applications
1 1 (2.50%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (2.50%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (2.50%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 15 (37.50%) Azure
2 5 (12.50%) AWS
3 4 (10.00%) Serverless
4 2 (5.00%) BlazeMeter
4 2 (5.00%) BrowserStack
4 2 (5.00%) GitHub
4 2 (5.00%) Sauce Labs
5 1 (2.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 1 (2.50%) Amazon SQS
5 1 (2.50%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (2.50%) Azure Service Bus
5 1 (2.50%) Dynamics 365
5 1 (2.50%) GCP
5 1 (2.50%) Google Analytics
5 1 (2.50%) Google Tag Manager
5 1 (2.50%) iPaaS
5 1 (2.50%) Route 53
5 1 (2.50%) SaaS
5 1 (2.50%) Slack
5 1 (2.50%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.50%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (10.00%) NoSQL
1 4 (10.00%) SQL Server
2 3 (7.50%) Data Warehouse
2 3 (7.50%) MySQL
2 3 (7.50%) Relational Database
3 2 (5.00%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
3 2 (5.00%) MongoDB
3 2 (5.00%) PostgreSQL
4 1 (2.50%) Big Data
4 1 (2.50%) Data Lake
4 1 (2.50%) DB2
4 1 (2.50%) DB2 UDB
4 1 (2.50%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
4 1 (2.50%) Oracle Database
4 1 (2.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 23 (57.50%) Cucumber
2 14 (35.00%) Git (software)
2 14 (35.00%) SpecFlow
3 11 (27.50%) Jenkins
4 10 (25.00%) JIRA
5 9 (22.50%) WebDriver
6 8 (20.00%) JMeter
6 8 (20.00%) Postman
7 6 (15.00%) Protractor
8 5 (12.50%) Appium
8 5 (12.50%) Cypress.io
8 5 (12.50%) JUnit
9 4 (10.00%) LoadRunner
9 4 (10.00%) Mockito
9 4 (10.00%) TestNG
10 3 (7.50%) git-flow
10 3 (7.50%) NUnit
10 3 (7.50%) Rational Performance Tester
10 3 (7.50%) SoapUI
11 2 (5.00%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 10 (25.00%) Social Skills
2 7 (17.50%) Finance
3 3 (7.50%) Analytical Skills
3 3 (7.50%) Documentation Skills
3 3 (7.50%) Financial Institution
3 3 (7.50%) Games
3 3 (7.50%) Legal
4 2 (5.00%) Banking
4 2 (5.00%) Front Office
4 2 (5.00%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 10 (25.00%) Test Engineer
2 7 (17.50%) Automation Tester
2 7 (17.50%) Tester
3 5 (12.50%) Developer
4 4 (10.00%) Architect
4 4 (10.00%) Development Engineer
4 4 (10.00%) Software Development Engineer
4 4 (10.00%) Software Engineer
4 4 (10.00%) Test Automation Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Analyst
5 3 (7.50%) Python Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Python Software Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Senior Development Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Senior Software Development Engineer
5 3 (7.50%) Senior Software Engineer
6 2 (5.00%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 2 (5.00%) Consultant
6 2 (5.00%) Lead Developer
6 2 (5.00%) Solutions Architect
6 2 (5.00%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (30.00%) Gherkin
2 10 (25.00%) RESTful
3 8 (20.00%) .NET
4 6 (15.00%) Node.js
4 6 (15.00%) REST
4 6 (15.00%) Spring
5 4 (10.00%) .NET Framework
5 4 (10.00%) React
5 4 (10.00%) SOAP
6 3 (7.50%) Enzyme
6 3 (7.50%) HTML
6 3 (7.50%) Jest
6 3 (7.50%) Kafka
6 3 (7.50%) Play Framework
6 3 (7.50%) pytest
6 3 (7.50%) Spring Boot
6 3 (7.50%) Web Services
7 2 (5.00%) CSS
7 2 (5.00%) Redux
7 2 (5.00%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 3 (7.50%) Hedge funds
1 3 (7.50%) Self-Motivation
2 2 (5.00%) Enterprise Software
2 2 (5.00%) Mobile App
3 1 (2.50%) Cloud Native
3 1 (2.50%) Derivative
3 1 (2.50%) Fixed Income
3 1 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 1 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
3 1 (2.50%) Mainframe
3 1 (2.50%) Management Information System
3 1 (2.50%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 2 (5.00%) Apple iOS
1 2 (5.00%) Linux
1 2 (5.00%) Windows
2 1 (2.50%) Android
2 1 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 1 (2.50%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (75.00%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (67.50%) Test Automation
3 15 (37.50%) DevOps
4 14 (35.00%) TDD
5 13 (32.50%) BDD
6 11 (27.50%) Scrum
6 11 (27.50%) Test Strategy
7 9 (22.50%) Microservices
8 7 (17.50%) API Testing
8 7 (17.50%) SDLC
9 6 (15.00%) Mentoring
9 6 (15.00%) OOP
9 6 (15.00%) Security Testing
9 6 (15.00%) Software Testing
9 6 (15.00%) User Acceptance Testing
10 5 (12.50%) Performance Testing
10 5 (12.50%) SDET
10 5 (12.50%) Software Engineering
11 4 (10.00%) Data Reconciliation
11 4 (10.00%) QA Automation
Programming Languages
1 17 (42.50%) Java
2 14 (35.00%) JavaScript
3 11 (27.50%) C#
3 11 (27.50%) SQL
4 8 (20.00%) Python
5 3 (7.50%) TypeScript
6 2 (5.00%) Scala
7 1 (2.50%) BeanShell
7 1 (2.50%) Bourne shell
7 1 (2.50%) C
7 1 (2.50%) Groovy
7 1 (2.50%) Java 8
7 1 (2.50%) Korn
7 1 (2.50%) Perl
7 1 (2.50%) PowerShell
7 1 (2.50%) Ruby
7 1 (2.50%) T-SQL
7 1 (2.50%) XPath
Qualifications
1 5 (12.50%) Security Cleared
2 4 (10.00%) SC Cleared
3 1 (2.50%) Degree
3 1 (2.50%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (32.50%) QA
2 6 (15.00%) Accessibility
3 3 (7.50%) GDPR
4 1 (2.50%) IFRS
4 1 (2.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (2.50%) Solvency II
4 1 (2.50%) WCAG
System Software
1 1 (2.50%) Active Directory
1 1 (2.50%) Docker
1 1 (2.50%) RACF
Systems Management
1 1 (2.50%) Grafana
1 1 (2.50%) HP Quality Center
1 1 (2.50%) Kibana
1 1 (2.50%) Kubernetes
1 1 (2.50%) Terraform
Vendors
1 5 (12.50%) Microsoft
2 3 (7.50%) HP
2 3 (7.50%) IBM
3 2 (5.00%) hybris
3 2 (5.00%) Oracle
3 2 (5.00%) Splunk
4 1 (2.50%) Apple
4 1 (2.50%) Databricks
4 1 (2.50%) Dell
4 1 (2.50%) Google
4 1 (2.50%) MuleSoft
4 1 (2.50%) PagerDuty
4 1 (2.50%) Perfecto Mobile
4 1 (2.50%) Red Hat
4 1 (2.50%) SAP
4 1 (2.50%) Workday