The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 3 months to 23 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK / England
3 months to
23 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 472 513 446
Rank change year-on-year +41 -67  
Contract jobs citing LINQ 116 107 184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.27% 0.22% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.84% 0.75% 1.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 84 82 134
Median daily rate £356 £393 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.23% +12.14%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £311 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £596 £550 £509
UK excluding London median daily rate £355 £350 £320
% change year-on-year +1.28% +9.37%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
Median hourly rate £47.00 - £20.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 - £34.00

LINQ is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13857 14297 14167
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 32.23% 28.93% 27.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 9633 10184 9649
Median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £570 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 163 190
Median hourly rate £41.50 £36.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.69% -1.35%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £19.82 £18.80 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing LINQ as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in England

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LINQ in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for LINQ in England

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ in England over the 3 months to 23 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LINQ in England

LINQ
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LINQ in England

LINQ
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the England region over the 3 months to 23 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +21 54 £503 +18.23% 31
South East +22 37 £340 -9.33% 14
East Midlands -12 7 - - 6
East of England -9 6 £348 - 6
South West +1 5 £334 +2.69% 7
North West +22 4 £293 -10.00% 10
Yorkshire +26 1 £380 +26.66% 8
West Midlands +10 1 £625 +47.05% 5
LINQ
UK

For the 6 months to 23 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for LINQ.

1 219 (96.90%) C#
2 208 (92.04%) .NET
3 154 (68.14%) SQL Server
4 141 (62.39%) SQL
4 141 (62.39%) MVC
5 123 (54.42%) .NET Framework
6 107 (47.35%) ASP.NET
7 105 (46.46%) JavaScript
8 98 (43.36%) HTML
8 98 (43.36%) Entity Framework
9 95 (42.04%) CSS
10 94 (41.59%) XML
10 94 (41.59%) Team Foundation Server
11 89 (39.38%) TDD
12 86 (38.05%) WCF
13 84 (37.17%) Web Services
14 82 (36.28%) ASP.NET MVC
15 70 (30.97%) ASP.NET Web API
16 67 (29.65%) Microsoft
17 65 (28.76%) jQuery
18 61 (26.99%) Agile Software Development
19 58 (25.66%) Multithreading
20 55 (24.34%) Visual Studio
20 55 (24.34%) LINQ to SQL
21 54 (23.89%) WPF
22 52 (23.01%) JSON
22 52 (23.01%) AngularJS
23 48 (21.24%) Unit Testing
24 44 (19.47%) Windows
25 38 (16.81%) Concurrent Programming

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (12.83%) IIS
2 23 (10.18%) CMS
3 17 (7.52%) SharePoint
4 14 (6.19%) Sitecore CMS
5 6 (2.65%) Umbraco
6 3 (1.33%) Apache
7 2 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.88%) SharePoint 2010
8 1 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.44%) EPiServer
8 1 (0.44%) SharePoint Server
Business Applications
1 2 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.44%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.44%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 11 (4.87%) Microsoft Azure
2 4 (1.77%) Amazon AWS
3 2 (0.88%) SaaS
4 1 (0.44%) Amazon S3
4 1 (0.44%) Amazon SQS
4 1 (0.44%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.98%) HTTP
2 5 (2.21%) DNS
3 3 (1.33%) IMAP
3 3 (1.33%) Internet
3 3 (1.33%) SMTP
3 3 (1.33%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.88%) FTP
4 2 (0.88%) LDAP
5 1 (0.44%) NFC
5 1 (0.44%) SMPP
5 1 (0.44%) SSL
5 1 (0.44%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (68.14%) SQL Server
2 32 (14.16%) SQL Server 2012
3 27 (11.95%) SQL Server 2008
4 16 (7.08%) Relational Database
5 12 (5.31%) MongoDB
6 8 (3.54%) Oracle Database
7 6 (2.65%) Oracle Database 11g
8 5 (2.21%) NoSQL
8 5 (2.21%) SQL Server 2014
9 4 (1.77%) Oracle Database 12c
9 4 (1.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (1.33%) SQLite
10 3 (1.33%) SSDT
11 2 (0.88%) Geospatial Data
11 2 (0.88%) GIS
11 2 (0.88%) InterSystems Cache
11 2 (0.88%) SQL Server 2005
11 2 (0.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 2 (0.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 1 (0.44%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 94 (41.59%) Team Foundation Server
2 55 (24.34%) Visual Studio
3 36 (15.93%) NUnit
4 32 (14.16%) Git (software)
5 30 (13.27%) ReSharper
6 25 (11.06%) Moq
7 18 (7.96%) MSBuild
8 12 (5.31%) TeamCity
9 9 (3.98%) SpecFlow
10 8 (3.54%) MSTest
11 7 (3.10%) JIRA
12 6 (2.65%) Jenkins
12 6 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
12 6 (2.65%) XMLSpy
13 5 (2.21%) Subversion
14 4 (1.77%) NuGet
14 4 (1.77%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 2 (0.88%) FxCop
15 2 (0.88%) Mercurial
15 2 (0.88%) StyleCop
General
1 30 (13.27%) Finance
2 15 (6.64%) Advertising
2 15 (6.64%) Banking
3 9 (3.98%) Marketing
4 8 (3.54%) Front Office
5 4 (1.77%) Automotive
5 4 (1.77%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.33%) Legal
6 3 (1.33%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.33%) Prime Brokerage
6 3 (1.33%) Retail
7 2 (0.88%) Publishing
8 1 (0.44%) Back Office
8 1 (0.44%) Electronics
8 1 (0.44%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.44%) German Language
8 1 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.44%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.44%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 201 (88.94%) Developer
2 136 (60.18%) .NET Developer
3 111 (49.12%) C# Developer
4 76 (33.63%) C# .NET Developer
5 30 (13.27%) SQL Developer
6 27 (11.95%) WPF Developer
7 23 (10.18%) Software Developer
8 19 (8.41%) Senior Developer
9 18 (7.96%) Full Stack Developer
10 17 (7.52%) ASP.NET Developer
10 17 (7.52%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
11 16 (7.08%) C# WPF Developer
12 15 (6.64%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 15 (6.64%) WinForms Developer
13 14 (6.19%) Senior .NET Developer
14 13 (5.75%) Oracle Developer
14 13 (5.75%) WCF Developer
15 12 (5.31%) C# Software Developer
16 11 (4.87%) Analyst
16 11 (4.87%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 208 (92.04%) .NET
2 123 (54.42%) .NET Framework
3 107 (47.35%) ASP.NET
4 98 (43.36%) Entity Framework
4 98 (43.36%) HTML
5 95 (42.04%) CSS
6 94 (41.59%) XML
7 86 (38.05%) WCF
8 84 (37.17%) Web Services
9 82 (36.28%) ASP.NET MVC
10 70 (30.97%) ASP.NET Web API
11 65 (28.76%) jQuery
12 55 (24.34%) LINQ to SQL
13 54 (23.89%) WPF
14 52 (23.01%) AngularJS
14 52 (23.01%) JSON
15 34 (15.04%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 29 (12.83%) HTML5
17 27 (11.95%) Ajax
18 20 (8.85%) Caliburn.Micro
Miscellaneous
1 29 (12.83%) Algorithms
2 19 (8.41%) Client/Server
3 15 (6.64%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (6.19%) W3C
5 9 (3.98%) Computer Science
5 9 (3.98%) e-Learning
6 8 (3.54%) Hedge funds
6 8 (3.54%) Learning Management System
6 8 (3.54%) NHS
6 8 (3.54%) N-Tier
7 7 (3.10%) Equities
7 7 (3.10%) Fixed Income
7 7 (3.10%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (3.10%) User Experience
8 5 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 5 (2.21%) Market Risk
9 3 (1.33%) Fintech
9 3 (1.33%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.44%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 44 (19.47%) Windows
2 15 (6.64%) Windows Server
3 3 (1.33%) Linux
3 3 (1.33%) Windows Embedded Compact
4 2 (0.88%) Android
4 2 (0.88%) CentOS
5 1 (0.44%) Windows Mobile
5 1 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 141 (62.39%) MVC
2 89 (39.38%) TDD
3 61 (26.99%) Agile Software Development
4 58 (25.66%) Multithreading
5 48 (21.24%) Unit Testing
6 38 (16.81%) Concurrent Programming
7 37 (16.37%) MVVM
8 34 (15.04%) Multithreaded Programming
9 26 (11.50%) Prototyping
10 24 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
11 23 (10.18%) Data Management
12 20 (8.85%) Web Development
13 19 (8.41%) Test Automation
14 18 (7.96%) Scrum
15 16 (7.08%) Dependency Injection
15 16 (7.08%) Software Engineering
16 14 (6.19%) SDLC
17 12 (5.31%) OO
18 11 (4.87%) Asset Management
19 10 (4.42%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 219 (96.90%) C#
2 141 (62.39%) SQL
3 105 (46.46%) JavaScript
4 36 (15.93%) T-SQL
5 24 (10.62%) VB.NET
6 14 (6.19%) TypeScript
7 6 (2.65%) VBA
8 4 (1.77%) C++
8 4 (1.77%) Java
8 4 (1.77%) PL/SQL
8 4 (1.77%) Python
9 3 (1.33%) C
9 3 (1.33%) VB
10 2 (0.88%) VBScript
11 1 (0.44%) F#
11 1 (0.44%) PHP
11 1 (0.44%) PowerShell
11 1 (0.44%) XAML
11 1 (0.44%) XPath
Qualifications
1 9 (3.98%) Degree
2 7 (3.10%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.88%) HNC
4 2 (0.88%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 2 (0.88%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.54%) WCAG
2 2 (0.88%) ISO 8583
2 2 (0.88%) QA
3 1 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
3 1 (0.44%) EMIR
3 1 (0.44%) MiFID
System Software
1 2 (0.88%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 1 (0.44%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 67 (29.65%) Microsoft
2 33 (14.60%) Oracle
3 20 (8.85%) Sitecore
4 5 (2.21%) Kofax
5 4 (1.77%) Twitter
6 3 (1.33%) Atlassian
6 3 (1.33%) IBM
7 2 (0.88%) Infragistics
7 2 (0.88%) OpenText
7 2 (0.88%) RedDot
7 2 (0.88%) RedGate
7 2 (0.88%) Sybase
7 2 (0.88%) Xamarin
8 1 (0.44%) DevExpress
8 1 (0.44%) Telerik
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