Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 44 29 20
Rank change year-on-year -15 -9 -9
Contract jobs citing HTML 2,048 3,200 6,987
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.91% 5.94% 7.92%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.11% 19.53% 23.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,441 2,304 5,149
10th Percentile £293 £306 £313
25th Percentile £363 £363 £365
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £450
75th Percentile £538 £538 £538
90th Percentile £623 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 27 66
10th Percentile £22.10 £21.40 £19.30
25th Percentile £27.50 £27.84 £28.13
Median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -10.00% - +81.82%
75th Percentile £57.00 £52.50 £55.00
90th Percentile £59.23 £54.25 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £47.12 £45.00
% change year-on-year -9.26% +4.70% +63.64%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,709 16,389 29,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.49% 30.44% 33.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,182 11,695 21,153
10th Percentile £325 £338 £331
25th Percentile £408 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £594 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 153 246
10th Percentile £22.03 £19.87 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.19 £27.56
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.09
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.33% +7.54%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £73.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Daily rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 1,173 £500 - 601
North of England +2 231 £403 -0.62% 463
South East -9 214 £395 -4.18% 297
Midlands -5 152 £368 -6.67% 334
North West +7 138 £375 -6.25% 258
South West -13 100 £435 +8.75% 200
West Midlands -18 79 £375 -6.25% 199
Yorkshire -17 70 £425 - 153
East Midlands +12 68 £350 -6.67% 134
East of England -22 46 £417 +4.22% 107
North East +24 23 £460 +8.24% 52
HTML
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for HTML.

1 1,666 (81.35%) CSS
2 1,468 (71.68%) JavaScript
3 782 (38.18%) Agile Software Development
4 675 (32.96%) HTML5
5 540 (26.37%) React
6 526 (25.68%) Front End Development
7 506 (24.71%) AngularJS
8 411 (20.07%) Node.js
9 410 (20.02%) SQL
10 396 (19.34%) Java
11 395 (19.29%) User Experience
12 392 (19.14%) Git (software)
13 377 (18.41%) .NET
14 376 (18.36%) Azure
15 365 (17.82%) CSS3
16 338 (16.50%) C#
17 311 (15.19%) TypeScript
18 309 (15.09%) DevOps
19 303 (14.79%) jQuery
20 286 (13.96%) Web Development
21 284 (13.87%) TDD
22 269 (13.13%) REST
23 239 (11.67%) AWS
24 237 (11.57%) Web Services
25 230 (11.23%) MVC
26 227 (11.08%) Finance
27 225 (10.99%) Jenkins
28 217 (10.60%) PHP
28 217 (10.60%) Microservices
29 216 (10.55%) Sass

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (5.13%) CMS
2 72 (3.52%) WordPress
3 54 (2.64%) SharePoint
4 53 (2.59%) Apache
4 53 (2.59%) Confluence
5 26 (1.27%) IIS
6 23 (1.12%) Drupal
6 23 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (1.03%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 20 (0.98%) Red Hat Fuse
9 18 (0.88%) Tomcat
10 15 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
10 15 (0.73%) Jadu
11 14 (0.68%) WebLogic
12 13 (0.63%) Umbraco
12 13 (0.63%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.59%) Apache Spark
14 11 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
15 9 (0.44%) Headless CMS
15 9 (0.44%) JBoss
Applications
1 41 (2.00%) Photoshop
2 32 (1.56%) Sketch
3 23 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (1.07%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 21 (1.03%) Adobe Illustrator
6 20 (0.98%) InVision
7 18 (0.88%) Adobe XD
8 16 (0.78%) Chatbot
9 15 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 13 (0.63%) Adobe After Effects
11 11 (0.54%) Adobe Premiere
11 11 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
12 10 (0.49%) Figma
13 8 (0.39%) InfoPath
14 7 (0.34%) CINEMA 4D
15 6 (0.29%) Zeplin
16 5 (0.24%) OmniGraffle
17 4 (0.20%) Adobe Captivate
17 4 (0.20%) UserZoom
18 3 (0.15%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 44 (2.15%) Magento
2 29 (1.42%) Shopify
3 22 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.20%) Maximo
6 3 (0.15%) Aligne
7 2 (0.098%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.098%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.098%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.098%) Teamcenter
8 1 (0.049%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.049%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.049%) Exstream
8 1 (0.049%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.049%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.049%) Siebel CRM
8 1 (0.049%) Social Studio
8 1 (0.049%) Toggl
Cloud Services
1 376 (18.36%) Azure
2 239 (11.67%) AWS
3 84 (4.10%) GitHub
4 58 (2.83%) PaaS
5 51 (2.49%) Serverless
6 46 (2.25%) SaaS
7 43 (2.10%) GCP
7 43 (2.10%) Power Platform
8 41 (2.00%) npm
9 35 (1.71%) Google Analytics
10 33 (1.61%) Microsoft 365
11 28 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
12 26 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
13 24 (1.17%) Dynamics 365
14 22 (1.07%) PowerApps
15 21 (1.03%) Amazon S3
15 21 (1.03%) Logic Apps
16 20 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
16 20 (0.98%) Amazon Kinesis
17 19 (0.93%) Adobe Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 64 (3.13%) HTTP
2 17 (0.83%) Internet
3 12 (0.59%) SSL
4 11 (0.54%) HTTPS
5 9 (0.44%) Intranet
5 9 (0.44%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.34%) DNS
7 4 (0.20%) Firewall
7 4 (0.20%) VPN
8 3 (0.15%) AMQP
8 3 (0.15%) Bluetooth
8 3 (0.15%) POP3
8 3 (0.15%) SMTP
8 3 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.15%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.098%) Broadband
9 2 (0.098%) LAN
9 2 (0.098%) SNMP
9 2 (0.098%) WAN
9 2 (0.098%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (10.01%) SQL Server
2 155 (7.57%) MySQL
3 102 (4.98%) MongoDB
4 99 (4.83%) Relational Database
5 97 (4.74%) NoSQL
6 69 (3.37%) PostgreSQL
7 31 (1.51%) Azure SQL Database
8 27 (1.32%) Big Data
9 25 (1.22%) RDBMS
10 24 (1.17%) Power BI
11 23 (1.12%) Redis
11 23 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 22 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
13 20 (0.98%) Oracle Database
13 20 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 17 (0.83%) Cosmos DB
15 15 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 13 (0.63%) Data Lake
17 12 (0.59%) Amazon RDS
18 11 (0.54%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 392 (19.14%) Git (software)
2 225 (10.99%) Jenkins
3 137 (6.69%) webpack
4 135 (6.59%) JIRA
5 74 (3.61%) gulp
6 69 (3.37%) Maven
7 58 (2.83%) Cypress.io
8 54 (2.64%) SonarQube
9 53 (2.59%) Jasmine
10 52 (2.54%) JUnit
10 52 (2.54%) Visual Studio
11 44 (2.15%) Grunt
12 39 (1.90%) Mocha
13 36 (1.76%) GitLab
14 34 (1.66%) Selenium
15 30 (1.46%) Gradle
16 27 (1.32%) Cucumber
16 27 (1.32%) Subversion
17 26 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
18 24 (1.17%) TeamCity
General
1 227 (11.08%) Finance
2 146 (7.13%) Marketing
3 145 (7.08%) Banking
4 118 (5.76%) Public Sector
5 64 (3.13%) Retail
6 54 (2.64%) Law
7 52 (2.54%) Investment Banking
8 37 (1.81%) Front Office
9 34 (1.66%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.37%) Manufacturing
11 22 (1.07%) Advertising
12 17 (0.83%) Legal
12 17 (0.83%) Local Government
13 15 (0.73%) French Language
14 14 (0.68%) Electronics
15 12 (0.59%) Games
15 12 (0.59%) Publishing
16 8 (0.39%) German Language
16 8 (0.39%) Police
17 7 (0.34%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,524 (74.41%) Developer
2 360 (17.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 234 (11.43%) React Developer
4 229 (11.18%) Full Stack Developer
5 176 (8.59%) Senior Developer
6 148 (7.23%) JavaScript Developer
7 140 (6.84%) .NET Developer
8 139 (6.79%) Designer
9 123 (6.01%) Angular Developer
9 123 (6.01%) Java Developer
10 95 (4.64%) HTML Developer
11 94 (4.59%) PHP Developer
12 92 (4.49%) C# Developer
13 77 (3.76%) Web Developer
14 73 (3.56%) Node.js Developer
15 64 (3.13%) Architect
16 62 (3.03%) HTML CSS Developer
17 61 (2.98%) Lead Developer
18 58 (2.83%) UI Developer
18 58 (2.83%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,666 (81.35%) CSS
2 675 (32.96%) HTML5
3 540 (26.37%) React
4 506 (24.71%) AngularJS
5 411 (20.07%) Node.js
6 377 (18.41%) .NET
7 365 (17.82%) CSS3
8 303 (14.79%) jQuery
9 269 (13.13%) REST
10 237 (11.57%) Web Services
11 216 (10.55%) Sass
12 215 (10.50%) Redux
13 202 (9.86%) RESTful
14 188 (9.18%) JSON
15 187 (9.13%) XML
16 176 (8.59%) Spring
17 157 (7.67%) Vue.js
18 147 (7.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 133 (6.49%) .NET Core
20 132 (6.45%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 395 (19.29%) User Experience
2 137 (6.69%) Analytical Skills
3 121 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
4 115 (5.62%) Mobile App
5 68 (3.32%) Data Structures
6 62 (3.03%) Enterprise Software
7 50 (2.44%) Social Media
8 47 (2.29%) Algorithms
9 44 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
10 34 (1.66%) Clustering
11 29 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 25 (1.22%) Animation
13 23 (1.12%) Virtual Team
14 22 (1.07%) Graphic Design
15 21 (1.03%) Public Cloud
16 20 (0.98%) Hedge funds
17 17 (0.83%) W3C
18 16 (0.78%) NHS
19 14 (0.68%) Fixed Income
20 13 (0.63%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 120 (5.86%) Linux
2 60 (2.93%) Unix
3 58 (2.83%) Android
4 54 (2.64%) Apple iOS
5 53 (2.59%) Windows
6 14 (0.68%) Mac OS
7 13 (0.63%) Mac OS X
8 8 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
8 8 (0.39%) Ubuntu
9 7 (0.34%) CentOS
9 7 (0.34%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.29%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.20%) VMS
13 3 (0.15%) Alpine Linux
13 3 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.15%) zOS
14 2 (0.098%) Oracle Linux
14 2 (0.098%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 782 (38.18%) Agile Software Development
2 526 (25.68%) Front End Development
3 309 (15.09%) DevOps
4 286 (13.96%) Web Development
5 284 (13.87%) TDD
6 230 (11.23%) MVC
7 217 (10.60%) Microservices
8 206 (10.06%) Software Engineering
9 199 (9.72%) Scrum
10 187 (9.13%) Test Automation
11 184 (8.98%) OO
12 180 (8.79%) Continuous Integration
13 142 (6.93%) Problem-Solving
14 119 (5.81%) E-Commerce
14 119 (5.81%) Unit Testing
15 117 (5.71%) Open Source
16 109 (5.32%) Analytics
17 105 (5.13%) Web Design
18 103 (5.03%) BDD
19 102 (4.98%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,468 (71.68%) JavaScript
2 410 (20.02%) SQL
3 396 (19.34%) Java
4 338 (16.50%) C#
5 311 (15.19%) TypeScript
6 217 (10.60%) PHP
7 189 (9.23%) Python
8 146 (7.13%) ES6
9 68 (3.32%) Java 8
10 66 (3.22%) PL/SQL
11 53 (2.59%) PowerShell
12 42 (2.05%) Ruby
13 34 (1.66%) C++
14 32 (1.56%) Kotlin
15 28 (1.37%) Go
16 26 (1.27%) C
16 26 (1.27%) T-SQL
17 23 (1.12%) Bash Shell
18 17 (0.83%) VB
19 16 (0.78%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 164 (8.01%) Security Cleared
2 139 (6.79%) SC Cleared
3 115 (5.62%) Degree
4 36 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.63%) Master's Degree
6 12 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.49%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.44%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.34%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.098%) CCNA
11 2 (0.098%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.098%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.098%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.049%) HNC
12 1 (0.049%) HND
12 1 (0.049%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.049%) JNCIA
12 1 (0.049%) MCSA
12 1 (0.049%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (3.66%) QA
2 40 (1.95%) WCAG
3 18 (0.88%) GDPR
4 5 (0.24%) PMO
4 5 (0.24%) WAI
5 3 (0.15%) MiFID
6 2 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.098%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.098%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.098%) NCSC
6 2 (0.098%) NIST
6 2 (0.098%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.098%) Section 508
6 2 (0.098%) SLA
7 1 (0.049%) Actionable Recommendations
7 1 (0.049%) Government Security Classifications
7 1 (0.049%) GRC
7 1 (0.049%) HL7
System Software
1 211 (10.30%) Docker
2 16 (0.78%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.098%) OpenAM
4 2 (0.098%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.098%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.049%) HDFS
5 1 (0.049%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.049%) Microsoft App-V
5 1 (0.049%) OpenDJ
5 1 (0.049%) OpenIDM
5 1 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 86 (4.20%) Kubernetes
2 20 (0.98%) Terraform
3 11 (0.54%) Ansible
4 10 (0.49%) Puppet
4 10 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
5 8 (0.39%) Grafana
5 8 (0.39%) Kibana
6 5 (0.24%) HP ALM
6 5 (0.24%) Icinga
6 5 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.24%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.098%) PowerCLI
8 1 (0.049%) Control-M
8 1 (0.049%) cPanel
8 1 (0.049%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.049%) HP Fortify
8 1 (0.049%) Istio
8 1 (0.049%) logstash
8 1 (0.049%) Nagios
8 1 (0.049%) TIBCO Hawk
Vendors
1 166 (8.11%) Microsoft
2 161 (7.86%) Oracle
3 93 (4.54%) Adobe
4 75 (3.66%) Google
5 56 (2.73%) Salesforce.com
6 52 (2.54%) ServiceNow
7 30 (1.46%) SAP
8 22 (1.07%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 18 (0.88%) Sitecore
10 14 (0.68%) Zend
11 13 (0.63%) Optimizely
12 12 (0.59%) DevExpress
13 11 (0.54%) Atlassian
13 11 (0.54%) hybris
13 11 (0.54%) WooCommerce
14 10 (0.49%) Nintex
14 10 (0.49%) VMware
15 9 (0.44%) CA Agile Central
15 9 (0.44%) Red Hat
15 9 (0.44%) webMethods