Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 49 36 25
Rank change year-on-year -13 -11 -11
Contract jobs citing HTML 3,146 1,538 5,063
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.68% 5.63% 6.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.85% 17.72% 21.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,279 1,076 3,667
10th Percentile £325 £288 £313
25th Percentile £400 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +4.65%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £538
90th Percentile £700 £613 £613
UK median daily rate £495 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 13 48
10th Percentile £23.99 £26.50 £23.00
25th Percentile £32.75 £32.48 £32.22
Median hourly rate £45.63 £42.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.63% -11.58% +35.71%
75th Percentile £57.25 £55.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £70.34 £63.80 £87.85
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +4.64% -6.52% +31.43%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,850 8,679 24,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.52% 31.74% 31.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,547 6,254 17,185
10th Percentile £363 £313 £340
25th Percentile £438 £400 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £495 £500
% change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 64 211
10th Percentile £18.55 £22.50 £16.25
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £31.25
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +7.75%
75th Percentile £63.31 £54.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £73.02 £60.13 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +7.95%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Daily rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 1,839 £525 +10.53% 748
North of England -23 305 £425 +3.03% 482
South East -4 289 £450 +5.88% 358
Midlands -17 243 £438 +16.67% 317
North West -23 156 £400 - 267
South West -10 152 £438 +6.71% 148
Yorkshire 0 142 £485 +17.58% 159
West Midlands -38 138 £450 +10.09% 193
East Midlands +1 102 £423 +30.00% 123
East of England -14 81 £450 +9.09% 135
North East -34 7 £250 -48.56% 56
South Coast - 1 - -
HTML
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for HTML.

1 2,482 (78.89%) CSS
2 2,363 (75.11%) JavaScript
3 1,309 (41.61%) Agile Software Development
4 1,096 (34.84%) React
5 968 (30.77%) HTML5
6 865 (27.50%) AngularJS
7 730 (23.20%) Front End Development
8 689 (21.90%) Git (software)
9 684 (21.74%) TypeScript
10 643 (20.44%) .NET
11 638 (20.28%) Java
12 635 (20.18%) C#
13 628 (19.96%) SQL
14 588 (18.69%) Social Skills
15 561 (17.83%) Node.js
16 558 (17.74%) Full Stack Development
17 538 (17.10%) DevOps
18 505 (16.05%) Azure
19 490 (15.58%) Finance
20 482 (15.32%) User Experience
21 466 (14.81%) TDD
22 465 (14.78%) CSS3
23 404 (12.84%) REST
24 395 (12.56%) SQL Server
25 382 (12.14%) jQuery
25 382 (12.14%) Problem-Solving
26 378 (12.02%) Microservices
27 372 (11.82%) Sass
28 371 (11.79%) Web Development
29 361 (11.47%) Scrum

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 210 (6.68%) CMS
2 120 (3.81%) SharePoint
3 95 (3.02%) Confluence
4 75 (2.38%) Tomcat
5 70 (2.23%) WordPress
6 57 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
7 56 (1.78%) IIS
8 52 (1.65%) Apache
9 50 (1.59%) nginx
10 41 (1.30%) Drupal
11 37 (1.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 28 (0.89%) WebLogic
13 27 (0.86%) Headless CMS
14 26 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 23 (0.73%) Umbraco
16 21 (0.67%) WebSphere
17 19 (0.60%) SharePoint 2010
18 18 (0.57%) Moodle
19 17 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
20 14 (0.45%) JBoss
Applications
1 74 (2.35%) Photoshop
2 69 (2.19%) Sketch
3 42 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
4 40 (1.27%) InVision
5 37 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 35 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
7 34 (1.08%) Figma
8 27 (0.86%) Adobe Illustrator
9 23 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 19 (0.60%) Adobe XD
11 9 (0.29%) Zeplin
12 8 (0.25%) InDesign
12 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
12 8 (0.25%) MS Visio
13 7 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
14 6 (0.19%) Adobe After Effects
14 6 (0.19%) InfoPath
15 5 (0.16%) Chatbot
16 4 (0.13%) GIMP
16 4 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 54 (1.72%) Magento
2 28 (0.89%) Shopify
3 18 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
4 11 (0.35%) Adobe Campaign
5 10 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 8 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.22%) Temenos T24
8 6 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.19%) Social Studio
9 5 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.095%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.095%) Exchequer
11 2 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.064%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.064%) Oracle BPM
11 2 (0.064%) SAP CRM
11 2 (0.064%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 1 (0.032%) Cerner Millennium
12 1 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
12 1 (0.032%) Exstream
Cloud Services
1 505 (16.05%) Azure
2 359 (11.41%) AWS
3 155 (4.93%) GitHub
4 129 (4.10%) npm
5 93 (2.96%) Serverless
6 90 (2.86%) Power Platform
7 80 (2.54%) SaaS
8 74 (2.35%) GCP
9 66 (2.10%) Google Analytics
10 57 (1.81%) Microsoft 365
11 56 (1.78%) Yarn
12 47 (1.49%) PaaS
13 43 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
14 36 (1.14%) PowerApps
15 35 (1.11%) OpenShift
16 29 (0.92%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 29 (0.92%) Power Automate
17 28 (0.89%) Azure Service Bus
18 26 (0.83%) Adobe Creative Cloud
19 25 (0.79%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 82 (2.61%) Internet
2 81 (2.57%) HTTP
3 39 (1.24%) Intranet
4 24 (0.76%) RTMP
5 21 (0.67%) DNS
6 18 (0.57%) AMQP
7 17 (0.54%) SSL
7 17 (0.54%) TCP/IP
8 12 (0.38%) HTTPS
9 11 (0.35%) SMS
10 9 (0.29%) FTP
11 7 (0.22%) Firewall
11 7 (0.22%) PuTTY
11 7 (0.22%) SSH
12 6 (0.19%) DHCP
12 6 (0.19%) Extranet
12 6 (0.19%) Network Security
12 6 (0.19%) SMTP
12 6 (0.19%) WinSCP
13 5 (0.16%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 395 (12.56%) SQL Server
2 169 (5.37%) Relational Database
3 161 (5.12%) MySQL
4 151 (4.80%) MongoDB
5 121 (3.85%) NoSQL
6 105 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
7 65 (2.07%) Power BI
8 62 (1.97%) RDBMS
9 49 (1.56%) Redis
10 44 (1.40%) Oracle Database
11 37 (1.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 36 (1.14%) SQL Server 2016
13 34 (1.08%) Big Data
14 31 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 29 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
16 28 (0.89%) Metadata
17 19 (0.60%) Apache Cassandra
18 17 (0.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 16 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
20 15 (0.48%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 689 (21.90%) Git (software)
2 303 (9.63%) Jenkins
3 257 (8.17%) JIRA
4 167 (5.31%) webpack
5 140 (4.45%) Maven
6 130 (4.13%) Jasmine
7 93 (2.96%) Selenium
8 89 (2.83%) Bitbucket
9 87 (2.77%) Cucumber
10 77 (2.45%) gulp
11 76 (2.42%) Cypress.io
12 75 (2.38%) Karma Test Runner
13 74 (2.35%) Mocha
14 64 (2.03%) JUnit
14 64 (2.03%) TeamCity
15 62 (1.97%) Grunt
16 60 (1.91%) Subversion
17 58 (1.84%) GitLab
18 57 (1.81%) Visual Studio
19 46 (1.46%) Protractor
General
1 588 (18.69%) Social Skills
2 490 (15.58%) Finance
3 252 (8.01%) Banking
4 209 (6.64%) Marketing
5 207 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
6 175 (5.56%) Public Sector
7 122 (3.88%) Investment Banking
8 91 (2.89%) Retail
9 81 (2.57%) Front Office
10 71 (2.26%) Presentation Skills
11 56 (1.78%) Telecoms
12 52 (1.65%) Manufacturing
13 48 (1.53%) Publishing
14 38 (1.21%) Electronics
15 33 (1.05%) Documentation Skills
15 33 (1.05%) Games
16 29 (0.92%) Advertising
17 28 (0.89%) Influencing Skills
18 23 (0.73%) Financial Institution
18 23 (0.73%) Law
Job Titles
1 2,241 (71.23%) Developer
2 516 (16.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 356 (11.32%) React Developer
4 323 (10.27%) Full Stack Developer
5 301 (9.57%) Senior Developer
6 241 (7.66%) JavaScript Developer
7 230 (7.31%) .NET Developer
8 217 (6.90%) Angular Developer
9 210 (6.68%) Designer
10 164 (5.21%) Java Developer
11 156 (4.96%) HTML Developer
12 129 (4.10%) C# Developer
13 120 (3.81%) UI Developer
14 98 (3.12%) Architect
14 98 (3.12%) Python Developer
15 95 (3.02%) Lead Developer
16 90 (2.86%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 83 (2.64%) Web Developer
18 82 (2.61%) PHP Developer
19 75 (2.38%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,482 (78.89%) CSS
2 1,096 (34.84%) React
3 968 (30.77%) HTML5
4 865 (27.50%) AngularJS
5 643 (20.44%) .NET
6 561 (17.83%) Node.js
7 465 (14.78%) CSS3
8 404 (12.84%) REST
9 382 (12.14%) jQuery
10 372 (11.82%) Sass
11 355 (11.28%) RESTful
12 332 (10.55%) Web Services
13 304 (9.66%) Redux
14 274 (8.71%) XML
15 252 (8.01%) JSON
15 252 (8.01%) Vue.js
16 239 (7.60%) Spring
17 230 (7.31%) ASP.NET
18 210 (6.68%) .NET Core
19 198 (6.29%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 482 (15.32%) User Experience
2 138 (4.39%) Mobile App
3 92 (2.92%) Greenfield Project
4 84 (2.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 76 (2.42%) Data Protection Act
6 74 (2.35%) Data Structures
7 65 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
8 60 (1.91%) Algorithms
9 55 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
10 38 (1.21%) Virtual Team
11 36 (1.14%) W3C
12 31 (0.99%) N-Tier
13 28 (0.89%) NHS
14 27 (0.86%) Social Media
15 26 (0.83%) Management Information System
16 25 (0.79%) Cloud Native
17 24 (0.76%) Linux Command Line
18 23 (0.73%) Fixed Income
18 23 (0.73%) Legacy Applications
19 20 (0.64%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 157 (4.99%) Linux
2 113 (3.59%) Unix
3 110 (3.50%) Windows
4 68 (2.16%) Apple iOS
5 67 (2.13%) Android
6 26 (0.83%) Windows Server
7 10 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.29%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.22%) Windows 10
9 7 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
9 7 (0.22%) zOS
10 4 (0.13%) Solaris
11 3 (0.095%) VMS
11 3 (0.095%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.064%) CentOS
12 2 (0.064%) OS/400
12 2 (0.064%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.064%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.064%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,309 (41.61%) Agile Software Development
2 730 (23.20%) Front End Development
3 558 (17.74%) Full Stack Development
4 538 (17.10%) DevOps
5 466 (14.81%) TDD
6 382 (12.14%) Problem-Solving
7 378 (12.02%) Microservices
8 371 (11.79%) Web Development
9 361 (11.47%) Scrum
10 305 (9.69%) Test Automation
11 300 (9.54%) MVC
12 293 (9.31%) Continuous Integration
13 284 (9.03%) Software Engineering
14 227 (7.22%) Unit Testing
15 224 (7.12%) Analytics
16 202 (6.42%) BDD
17 197 (6.26%) E-Commerce
18 195 (6.20%) SDLC
19 193 (6.13%) OO
20 156 (4.96%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 2,363 (75.11%) JavaScript
2 684 (21.74%) TypeScript
3 638 (20.28%) Java
4 635 (20.18%) C#
5 628 (19.96%) SQL
6 347 (11.03%) Python
7 241 (7.66%) ES6
7 241 (7.66%) PHP
8 102 (3.24%) PowerShell
9 78 (2.48%) Java 8
10 71 (2.26%) Ruby
11 56 (1.78%) C++
12 52 (1.65%) Kotlin
13 51 (1.62%) Scala
14 47 (1.49%) T-SQL
15 42 (1.34%) Bash Shell
16 38 (1.21%) Apex Code
16 38 (1.21%) PL/SQL
16 38 (1.21%) VB.NET
17 31 (0.99%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 270 (8.58%) Degree
2 221 (7.02%) Security Cleared
3 159 (5.05%) SC Cleared
4 63 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
6 21 (0.67%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.51%) DV Cleared
7 16 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
8 11 (0.35%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
9 9 (0.29%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.25%) Six Sigma Green Belt
11 5 (0.16%) MCSA
11 5 (0.16%) MCSE
12 4 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.095%) ISEB
13 3 (0.095%) Sun Certification
14 2 (0.064%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 310 (9.85%) Accessibility
2 125 (3.97%) QA
3 67 (2.13%) WCAG
4 26 (0.83%) Data Quality
4 26 (0.83%) GDPR
5 10 (0.32%) WAI
6 7 (0.22%) HL7
7 4 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.095%) PMO
8 3 (0.095%) SLA
9 1 (0.032%) DICOM
9 1 (0.032%) Section 508
System Software
1 330 (10.49%) Docker
2 48 (1.53%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
6 4 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.095%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.095%) RACF
8 2 (0.064%) BitLocker
8 2 (0.064%) KVM
8 2 (0.064%) NFS
8 2 (0.064%) SRDF
8 2 (0.064%) Xen
9 1 (0.032%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.032%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 215 (6.83%) Kubernetes
2 87 (2.77%) Terraform
3 45 (1.43%) Ansible
4 26 (0.83%) Kibana
5 24 (0.76%) Puppet
6 21 (0.67%) Grafana
7 17 (0.54%) logstash
8 13 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.38%) Prometheus
10 11 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.32%) Graphite
11 10 (0.32%) Rancher
12 7 (0.22%) Nagios
13 6 (0.19%) Netcool
14 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
15 4 (0.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 4 (0.13%) Data Guard
16 3 (0.095%) HP ALM
16 3 (0.095%) HP Fortify
16 3 (0.095%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 286 (9.09%) Microsoft
2 230 (7.31%) Oracle
3 185 (5.88%) Adobe
4 122 (3.88%) Salesforce.com
5 110 (3.50%) Google
6 51 (1.62%) SAP
7 48 (1.53%) ServiceNow
8 30 (0.95%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 28 (0.89%) Sitecore
10 23 (0.73%) Atlassian
10 23 (0.73%) Nintex
10 23 (0.73%) Splunk
10 23 (0.73%) Telerik
11 22 (0.70%) hybris
12 20 (0.64%) IBM
13 16 (0.51%) AppDynamics
14 15 (0.48%) Marketo
15 14 (0.45%) Apple
16 13 (0.41%) Sybase
16 13 (0.41%) Xamarin