Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 46 36 22
Rank change year-on-year -10 -14 -11
Contract jobs citing HTML 2,786 1,865 6,006
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.87% 5.71% 7.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.16% 18.42% 22.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,973 1,313 4,377
10th Percentile £313 £306 £313
25th Percentile £388 £363 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £575 £550 £538
90th Percentile £675 £631 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 12 59
10th Percentile £23.83 £23.67 £29.88
25th Percentile £34.13 £28.79 £44.75
Median hourly rate £48.27 £40.00 £52.17
Median % change year-on-year +20.66% -23.33% +30.43%
75th Percentile £56.50 £54.31 £57.75
90th Percentile £67.10 £64.33 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -8.89% -10.00% +29.03%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,240 10,124 26,885
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.16% 31.01% 32.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,501 7,288 19,131
10th Percentile £360 £337 £345
25th Percentile £425 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £620 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 89 241
10th Percentile £15.63 £20.71 £17.09
25th Percentile £30.35 £30.86 £27.50
Median hourly rate £47.25 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.36%
75th Percentile £57.66 £61.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.50 £66.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.92
% change year-on-year - +0.19% +8.35%

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Daily rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing HTML in England.

Hourly rate trend for HTML in England

HTML
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing HTML in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for HTML in England

HTML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,615 £520 +4.00% 768
North of England -7 293 £400 -5.88% 558
South East -11 267 £415 -2.35% 349
Midlands -14 185 £400 - 298
North West +1 182 £388 -3.13% 295
South West -3 142 £425 +1.19% 187
West Midlands -30 106 £425 -5.56% 179
Yorkshire -18 93 £438 +2.94% 196
East Midlands +16 74 £363 +11.54% 118
East of England -13 73 £430 +7.50% 150
North East -9 18 £460 -12.38% 67
HTML
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for HTML.

1 2,140 (76.81%) CSS
2 2,028 (72.79%) JavaScript
3 1,085 (38.94%) Agile Software Development
4 964 (34.60%) React
5 892 (32.02%) HTML5
6 781 (28.03%) AngularJS
7 654 (23.47%) Front End Development
8 594 (21.32%) Java
9 580 (20.82%) SQL
10 566 (20.32%) Git (software)
11 537 (19.27%) TypeScript
12 535 (19.20%) .NET
13 526 (18.88%) C#
14 511 (18.34%) Node.js
15 498 (17.88%) Full Stack Development
16 495 (17.77%) User Experience
17 469 (16.83%) Social Skills
18 446 (16.01%) Azure
19 435 (15.61%) DevOps
20 419 (15.04%) CSS3
21 415 (14.90%) TDD
22 386 (13.85%) Finance
23 374 (13.42%) jQuery
24 362 (12.99%) REST
25 325 (11.67%) AWS
26 324 (11.63%) Sass
27 322 (11.56%) Web Development
28 321 (11.52%) SQL Server
29 320 (11.49%) Microservices
30 307 (11.02%) Jenkins

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 163 (5.85%) CMS
2 87 (3.12%) SharePoint
3 74 (2.66%) Confluence
4 70 (2.51%) WordPress
5 61 (2.19%) Apache
6 48 (1.72%) Tomcat
7 45 (1.62%) Drupal
8 39 (1.40%) IIS
9 31 (1.11%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 30 (1.08%) nginx
11 25 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 24 (0.86%) WebLogic
13 22 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
14 19 (0.68%) WebSphere
15 18 (0.65%) JBoss
16 17 (0.61%) Headless CMS
17 16 (0.57%) IBM Domino
18 13 (0.47%) Umbraco
19 12 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
20 11 (0.39%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 72 (2.58%) Photoshop
2 54 (1.94%) Sketch
3 47 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
4 32 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
5 28 (1.01%) Figma
6 27 (0.97%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 26 (0.93%) InVision
8 22 (0.79%) Adobe Illustrator
8 22 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 21 (0.75%) Adobe XD
10 10 (0.36%) InfoPath
11 9 (0.32%) InDesign
12 7 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
12 7 (0.25%) Adobe Premiere
12 7 (0.25%) Chatbot
12 7 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
13 6 (0.22%) MS Visio
14 5 (0.18%) Adobe Captivate
15 3 (0.11%) CINEMA 4D
15 3 (0.11%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 72 (2.58%) Magento
2 35 (1.26%) Shopify
3 18 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.43%) Adobe Campaign
4 12 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 4 (0.14%) Maximo
5 4 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.14%) Temenos T24
6 3 (0.11%) Exchequer
6 3 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.072%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.072%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.072%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.072%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.072%) Social Studio
8 1 (0.036%) Cerner Millennium
8 1 (0.036%) Exstream
8 1 (0.036%) RMDS
8 1 (0.036%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.036%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 446 (16.01%) Azure
2 325 (11.67%) AWS
3 126 (4.52%) GitHub
4 101 (3.63%) npm
5 77 (2.76%) Serverless
6 67 (2.40%) SaaS
7 59 (2.12%) GCP
8 57 (2.05%) Power Platform
9 47 (1.69%) PaaS
10 44 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
11 42 (1.51%) Microsoft 365
12 40 (1.44%) Google Analytics
13 35 (1.26%) Azure Service Bus
14 31 (1.11%) Yarn
15 27 (0.97%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 26 (0.93%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 20 (0.72%) Adobe Analytics
17 20 (0.72%) Adobe Creative Cloud
17 20 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
18 19 (0.68%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 83 (2.98%) HTTP
2 55 (1.97%) Internet
3 23 (0.83%) SSL
4 20 (0.72%) DNS
5 19 (0.68%) AMQP
5 19 (0.68%) Intranet
6 18 (0.65%) HTTPS
7 17 (0.61%) TCP/IP
8 12 (0.43%) RTMP
9 9 (0.32%) Firewall
9 9 (0.32%) SMTP
10 7 (0.25%) PuTTY
10 7 (0.25%) SMS
11 6 (0.22%) DHCP
11 6 (0.22%) SSH
12 5 (0.18%) Bluetooth
12 5 (0.18%) FTP
12 5 (0.18%) VoIP
12 5 (0.18%) VPN
12 5 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 321 (11.52%) SQL Server
2 160 (5.74%) MongoDB
3 156 (5.60%) MySQL
4 138 (4.95%) Relational Database
5 131 (4.70%) NoSQL
6 88 (3.16%) PostgreSQL
7 49 (1.76%) Power BI
8 48 (1.72%) Redis
9 38 (1.36%) Oracle Database
10 37 (1.33%) RDBMS
11 30 (1.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 28 (1.01%) Data Warehouse
13 26 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
13 26 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 24 (0.86%) SQL Server 2016
15 23 (0.83%) Big Data
16 20 (0.72%) Tableau
17 17 (0.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 16 (0.57%) Metadata
19 15 (0.54%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 566 (20.32%) Git (software)
2 307 (11.02%) Jenkins
3 217 (7.79%) JIRA
4 165 (5.92%) webpack
5 127 (4.56%) Maven
6 96 (3.45%) Jasmine
7 83 (2.98%) gulp
8 82 (2.94%) Cypress.io
9 67 (2.40%) JUnit
10 66 (2.37%) TeamCity
11 65 (2.33%) Visual Studio
12 62 (2.23%) Cucumber
12 62 (2.23%) Grunt
13 59 (2.12%) Bitbucket
14 57 (2.05%) Mocha
14 57 (2.05%) Selenium
15 56 (2.01%) Karma Test Runner
16 54 (1.94%) GitLab
17 47 (1.69%) Subversion
18 35 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 469 (16.83%) Social Skills
2 386 (13.85%) Finance
3 230 (8.26%) Banking
4 217 (7.79%) Analytical Skills
5 183 (6.57%) Marketing
6 143 (5.13%) Public Sector
7 90 (3.23%) Investment Banking
8 77 (2.76%) Retail
9 71 (2.55%) Front Office
10 54 (1.94%) Telecoms
11 53 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
12 44 (1.58%) Manufacturing
13 42 (1.51%) Law
14 38 (1.36%) Publishing
15 33 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
16 31 (1.11%) Documentation Skills
17 26 (0.93%) Electronics
18 24 (0.86%) German Language
19 22 (0.79%) Advertising
20 21 (0.75%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,005 (71.97%) Developer
2 460 (16.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 308 (11.06%) React Developer
4 292 (10.48%) Full Stack Developer
5 273 (9.80%) Senior Developer
6 228 (8.18%) JavaScript Developer
7 197 (7.07%) .NET Developer
8 186 (6.68%) Designer
9 178 (6.39%) Angular Developer
10 156 (5.60%) Java Developer
11 139 (4.99%) C# Developer
11 139 (4.99%) HTML Developer
12 103 (3.70%) UI Developer
13 91 (3.27%) Architect
14 86 (3.09%) PHP Developer
15 76 (2.73%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 75 (2.69%) Python Developer
16 75 (2.69%) UX Designer
17 72 (2.58%) Lead Developer
17 72 (2.58%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,140 (76.81%) CSS
2 964 (34.60%) React
3 892 (32.02%) HTML5
4 781 (28.03%) AngularJS
5 535 (19.20%) .NET
6 511 (18.34%) Node.js
7 419 (15.04%) CSS3
8 374 (13.42%) jQuery
9 362 (12.99%) REST
10 324 (11.63%) Sass
11 307 (11.02%) Web Services
12 303 (10.88%) RESTful
13 290 (10.41%) Redux
14 268 (9.62%) XML
15 248 (8.90%) JSON
16 231 (8.29%) Spring
17 199 (7.14%) ASP.NET
17 199 (7.14%) Vue.js
18 179 (6.42%) Jest
19 176 (6.32%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 495 (17.77%) User Experience
2 133 (4.77%) Mobile App
3 116 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
4 91 (3.27%) Data Structures
5 77 (2.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 69 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
7 63 (2.26%) Algorithms
8 58 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
9 37 (1.33%) Data Protection Act
10 34 (1.22%) W3C
11 32 (1.15%) Social Media
12 28 (1.01%) Legacy Applications
13 27 (0.97%) Management Information System
13 27 (0.97%) NHS
14 24 (0.86%) Animation
15 23 (0.83%) Fixed Income
16 22 (0.79%) N-Tier
17 20 (0.72%) Clustering
17 20 (0.72%) Hedge funds
18 16 (0.57%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 151 (5.42%) Linux
2 108 (3.88%) Unix
3 94 (3.37%) Windows
4 62 (2.23%) Apple iOS
5 61 (2.19%) Android
6 16 (0.57%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.47%) Mac OS
8 10 (0.36%) zOS
9 9 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.32%) Windows 10
10 8 (0.29%) CentOS
11 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
12 5 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
12 5 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (0.14%) Solaris
13 4 (0.14%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.14%) VMS
13 4 (0.14%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.072%) OS/400
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,085 (38.94%) Agile Software Development
2 654 (23.47%) Front End Development
3 498 (17.88%) Full Stack Development
4 435 (15.61%) DevOps
5 415 (14.90%) TDD
6 322 (11.56%) Web Development
7 320 (11.49%) Microservices
8 298 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
9 292 (10.48%) Continuous Integration
10 291 (10.45%) MVC
11 288 (10.34%) Scrum
12 273 (9.80%) Test Automation
13 256 (9.19%) Software Engineering
14 211 (7.57%) Unit Testing
15 201 (7.21%) OO
16 161 (5.78%) SDLC
17 160 (5.74%) E-Commerce
18 148 (5.31%) Analytics
19 143 (5.13%) BDD
20 141 (5.06%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 2,028 (72.79%) JavaScript
2 594 (21.32%) Java
3 580 (20.82%) SQL
4 537 (19.27%) TypeScript
5 526 (18.88%) C#
6 295 (10.59%) Python
7 226 (8.11%) PHP
8 213 (7.65%) ES6
9 95 (3.41%) Java 8
10 87 (3.12%) PowerShell
11 78 (2.80%) PL/SQL
12 64 (2.30%) C++
13 62 (2.23%) Ruby
14 55 (1.97%) Kotlin
15 50 (1.79%) Bash Shell
16 43 (1.54%) T-SQL
17 42 (1.51%) C
18 36 (1.29%) Scala
19 34 (1.22%) Apex Code
20 31 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 219 (7.86%) Degree
2 176 (6.32%) Security Cleared
3 129 (4.63%) SC Cleared
4 48 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (0.68%) Master's Degree
6 17 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
7 15 (0.54%) AWS Certification
8 14 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
9 13 (0.47%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.32%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.29%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 5 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.11%) ISEB
14 3 (0.11%) PhD
15 2 (0.072%) CCNA
15 2 (0.072%) Cisco Certification
15 2 (0.072%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 1 (0.036%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 267 (9.58%) Accessibility
2 98 (3.52%) QA
3 47 (1.69%) WCAG
4 19 (0.68%) GDPR
5 14 (0.50%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.29%) HL7
7 5 (0.18%) WAI
8 4 (0.14%) SLA
9 2 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.072%) PMO
10 1 (0.036%) DICOM
10 1 (0.036%) GRC
10 1 (0.036%) MiFID
10 1 (0.036%) Section 508
System Software
1 269 (9.66%) Docker
2 34 (1.22%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
5 3 (0.11%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.11%) RACF
5 3 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.072%) BitLocker
6 2 (0.072%) KVM
6 2 (0.072%) NFS
6 2 (0.072%) OpenAM
6 2 (0.072%) SRDF
6 2 (0.072%) Xen
7 1 (0.036%) HDFS
7 1 (0.036%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.036%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.036%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 145 (5.20%) Kubernetes
2 35 (1.26%) Ansible
3 31 (1.11%) Terraform
4 21 (0.75%) Kibana
5 17 (0.61%) Grafana
6 16 (0.57%) Puppet
6 16 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
7 8 (0.29%) Nagios
8 6 (0.22%) HP ALM
8 6 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.18%) logstash
9 5 (0.18%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.14%) Graphite
10 4 (0.14%) HP Fortify
10 4 (0.14%) Rancher
11 3 (0.11%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 3 (0.11%) Icinga
11 3 (0.11%) SCCM
11 3 (0.11%) WSUS
12 2 (0.072%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 246 (8.83%) Oracle
2 207 (7.43%) Microsoft
3 145 (5.20%) Adobe
4 105 (3.77%) Salesforce.com
5 72 (2.58%) Google
6 55 (1.97%) ServiceNow
7 34 (1.22%) SAP
8 28 (1.01%) Atlassian
9 25 (0.90%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 22 (0.79%) Splunk
10 22 (0.79%) Telerik
11 19 (0.68%) DevExpress
11 19 (0.68%) hybris
11 19 (0.68%) IBM
11 19 (0.68%) Sitecore
12 16 (0.57%) Marketo
12 16 (0.57%) Xerox
13 14 (0.50%) Nintex
14 13 (0.47%) Apple
15 12 (0.43%) HP