Period
to 23 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Software Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Software Testing over the 6 months to 23 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Software Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 149 199 191
Rank change year-on-year +50 -8 -26
Contract jobs citing Software Testing 1,200 363 1,150
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.78% 1.32% 1.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.00% 1.51% 1.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 777 227 708
10th Percentile £316 £305 £309
25th Percentile £400 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £448
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +0.56% +5.29%
75th Percentile £540 £531 £500
90th Percentile £638 £653 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 15 50
10th Percentile £40.76 £34.90 £15.71
25th Percentile £44.63 £41.50 £36.75
Median hourly rate £47.50 £45.91 £42.75
Median % change year-on-year +3.46% +7.39% +3.01%
75th Percentile £55.75 £51.25 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £56.50 £57.75
UK median hourly rate £48.04 £46.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.43% +8.24% +2.41%

Software Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,077 24,021 67,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.36% 87.40% 87.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,266 16,559 45,845
10th Percentile £316 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - +1.28%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,488 689 1,920
10th Percentile £12.05 £11.75 £11.49
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.04 £14.50
Median hourly rate £24.29 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.86% +11.11% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.50 £45.00 £46.40
90th Percentile £63.33 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.80 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -0.80% +11.11% +12.50%

Software Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Software Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Software Testing in England

Software Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Software Testing in England.

Daily rate trend for Software Testing in England

Software Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Software Testing in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Software Testing in England

Software Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Software Testing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Software Testing in England

Software Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Software Testing in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Software Testing in England

Software Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Software Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 524 £500 +5.26% 141
South East +10 177 £425 +6.25% 122
South West +23 116 £475 +26.67% 77
Midlands +12 115 £428 +25.88% 74
North of England -14 107 £450 +12.50% 121
East of England +9 100 £375 -13.84% 63
West Midlands -2 91 £428 +19.72% 52
Yorkshire -6 63 £450 +9.09% 42
North West -37 43 £456 +14.06% 65
East Midlands -21 24 £431 +33.72% 22
North East -5 4 £725 +93.33% 14
Software Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Software Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Software Testing.

1 648 (54.00%) Agile Software Development
2 553 (46.08%) Test Automation
3 319 (26.58%) Java
4 316 (26.33%) Social Skills
5 302 (25.17%) Software Engineering
6 296 (24.67%) DevOps
7 263 (21.92%) JIRA
8 254 (21.17%) SQL
9 249 (20.75%) Selenium
10 217 (18.08%) Security Cleared
11 199 (16.58%) Scrum
12 198 (16.50%) Finance
13 178 (14.83%) SC Cleared
13 178 (14.83%) Jenkins
14 177 (14.75%) Azure
15 172 (14.33%) C#
16 170 (14.17%) Python
16 170 (14.17%) Test Scripting
17 165 (13.75%) SDET
17 165 (13.75%) Problem-Solving
18 163 (13.58%) AWS
19 160 (13.33%) Cucumber
20 157 (13.08%) QA
21 153 (12.75%) Git (software)
22 148 (12.33%) Continuous Integration
23 145 (12.08%) JavaScript
24 134 (11.17%) Microservices
25 132 (11.00%) TDD
26 130 (10.83%) ISTQB
27 127 (10.58%) BDD

Software Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (8.50%) Confluence
2 27 (2.25%) SAS
3 24 (2.00%) Tomcat
4 21 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (1.67%) WebLogic
6 12 (1.00%) CICS
7 10 (0.83%) GemFire
8 9 (0.75%) Apache Spark
9 7 (0.58%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.50%) JBoss
10 6 (0.50%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.42%) CMS
11 5 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.33%) Apache
12 4 (0.33%) MS Exchange
12 4 (0.33%) nginx
13 3 (0.25%) IBM Domino
13 3 (0.25%) NetWeaver
13 3 (0.25%) Red Hat Fuse
13 3 (0.25%) WebSphere
Applications
1 30 (2.50%) Simulink
2 29 (2.42%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.42%) FrameMaker
6 4 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.083%) Mingle
7 1 (0.083%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (1.08%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.58%) Oracle EBS R12
3 5 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.42%) Oracle Payables
3 5 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
3 5 (0.42%) SAP ERP
3 5 (0.42%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.33%) Endur
5 3 (0.25%) Magento
5 3 (0.25%) SAP FSCM
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.083%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.083%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.083%) Sage CRM
7 1 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 177 (14.75%) Azure
2 163 (13.58%) AWS
3 53 (4.42%) GCP
4 52 (4.33%) GitHub
5 45 (3.75%) Power Platform
6 44 (3.67%) SaaS
7 26 (2.17%) BrowserStack
8 21 (1.75%) Serverless
9 19 (1.58%) Amazon S3
10 18 (1.50%) Dynamics 365
11 12 (1.00%) Datadog
12 11 (0.92%) NuGet
13 9 (0.75%) Collibra
14 8 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
15 7 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (0.58%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.58%) Sauce Labs
16 6 (0.50%) Tricentis Tosca
17 5 (0.42%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.08%) HTTP
1 25 (2.08%) Wi-Fi
2 19 (1.58%) Bluetooth
3 13 (1.08%) Firewall
4 11 (0.92%) ATM
4 11 (0.92%) Internet
4 11 (0.92%) LAN
5 9 (0.75%) Broadband
6 8 (0.67%) 3G
6 8 (0.67%) 4G
7 7 (0.58%) 5G
7 7 (0.58%) TCP/IP
8 6 (0.50%) VoIP
8 6 (0.50%) Wireless
9 5 (0.42%) 2G
9 5 (0.42%) FTP
9 5 (0.42%) Modbus
9 5 (0.42%) Network Security
9 5 (0.42%) RS-485
9 5 (0.42%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (5.17%) Relational Database
2 44 (3.67%) Power BI
3 43 (3.58%) SQL Server
4 39 (3.25%) NoSQL
5 37 (3.08%) Big Data
6 33 (2.75%) Qlik Sense
6 33 (2.75%) QlikView
7 31 (2.58%) Hadoop
7 31 (2.58%) Oracle Database
8 28 (2.33%) RDBMS
9 24 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
10 21 (1.75%) PostgreSQL
11 19 (1.58%) MongoDB
12 18 (1.50%) Apache Hive
12 18 (1.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 16 (1.33%) DB2
13 16 (1.33%) Redis
14 15 (1.25%) Oracle Reports
14 15 (1.25%) Pentaho
15 14 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 263 (21.92%) JIRA
2 249 (20.75%) Selenium
3 178 (14.83%) Jenkins
4 160 (13.33%) Cucumber
5 153 (12.75%) Git (software)
6 99 (8.25%) JMeter
7 90 (7.50%) SpecFlow
8 84 (7.00%) Postman
9 73 (6.08%) Maven
10 63 (5.25%) WebDriver
11 51 (4.25%) JUnit
11 51 (4.25%) REST Assured
11 51 (4.25%) SoapUI
12 43 (3.58%) GitLab
13 29 (2.42%) Rational Rhapsody
14 28 (2.33%) Appium
14 28 (2.33%) Sonatype Nexus
15 25 (2.08%) Cypress.io
15 25 (2.08%) TeamCity
16 24 (2.00%) Gatling
General
1 316 (26.33%) Social Skills
2 198 (16.50%) Finance
3 118 (9.83%) Analytical Skills
4 79 (6.58%) Public Sector
5 44 (3.67%) Banking
6 30 (2.50%) Marketing
7 24 (2.00%) Retail
7 24 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 18 (1.50%) Electronics
8 18 (1.50%) Presentation Skills
9 15 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
10 14 (1.17%) Documentation Skills
10 14 (1.17%) Law
10 14 (1.17%) Local Government
11 12 (1.00%) Organisational Skills
12 10 (0.83%) Publishing
13 9 (0.75%) Automotive
13 9 (0.75%) Back Office
13 9 (0.75%) Front Office
14 8 (0.67%) Military
Job Titles
1 254 (21.17%) Developer
2 197 (16.42%) Analyst
3 170 (14.17%) Test Engineer
4 120 (10.00%) Software Engineer
4 120 (10.00%) Tester
5 109 (9.08%) Test Analyst
6 94 (7.83%) Developer in Test
6 94 (7.83%) Software Developer
7 74 (6.17%) Business Analyst
8 70 (5.83%) Java Developer
9 66 (5.50%) Software Test Engineer
10 50 (4.17%) Test Automation Engineer
11 48 (4.00%) Software Tester
12 42 (3.50%) Automation Tester
13 38 (3.17%) Insurance Business Analyst
13 38 (3.17%) Test Manager
14 36 (3.00%) Business Intelligence Analyst
15 35 (2.92%) DevOps Engineer
16 34 (2.83%) Data Business Analyst
17 33 (2.75%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (7.67%) .NET
1 92 (7.67%) REST
2 88 (7.33%) Spring
3 86 (7.17%) Web Services
4 80 (6.67%) RESTful
5 71 (5.92%) React
6 65 (5.42%) HTML
7 57 (4.75%) Kafka
8 56 (4.67%) CSS
9 55 (4.58%) AngularJS
10 54 (4.50%) XML
11 45 (3.75%) JSON
11 45 (3.75%) Spring Boot
12 43 (3.58%) Node.js
13 39 (3.25%) SOAP
14 35 (2.92%) Gherkin
15 34 (2.83%) .NET Framework
16 28 (2.33%) HTML5
17 22 (1.83%) WPF
18 21 (1.75%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 52 (4.33%) Self-Motivation
2 41 (3.42%) User Experience
3 33 (2.75%) Data Protection Act
4 31 (2.58%) Data Structures
5 27 (2.25%) Mobile App
6 22 (1.83%) Embedded Systems
7 20 (1.67%) Mainframe
8 18 (1.50%) Management Information System
8 18 (1.50%) NHS
9 15 (1.25%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (1.17%) Algorithms
10 14 (1.17%) Public Cloud
11 12 (1.00%) Derivative
11 12 (1.00%) N-Tier
12 11 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
12 11 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (0.83%) Virtual Team
14 9 (0.75%) Credit Risk
15 8 (0.67%) Client/Server
15 8 (0.67%) Raspberry Pi
Operating Systems
1 112 (9.33%) Linux
2 103 (8.58%) Windows
3 71 (5.92%) Unix
4 35 (2.92%) Android
5 17 (1.42%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.92%) zOS
7 9 (0.75%) Embedded Linux
8 8 (0.67%) Windows 10
8 8 (0.67%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.42%) AIX
9 5 (0.42%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.42%) Solaris
9 5 (0.42%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.33%) CentOS
10 4 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.25%) OpenWrt
11 3 (0.25%) Windows 2000 Server
12 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
12 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 648 (54.00%) Agile Software Development
2 553 (46.08%) Test Automation
3 302 (25.17%) Software Engineering
4 296 (24.67%) DevOps
5 199 (16.58%) Scrum
6 170 (14.17%) Test Scripting
7 165 (13.75%) Problem-Solving
7 165 (13.75%) SDET
8 148 (12.33%) Continuous Integration
9 134 (11.17%) Microservices
10 132 (11.00%) TDD
11 127 (10.58%) BDD
12 107 (8.92%) User Acceptance Testing
13 106 (8.83%) Stakeholder Management
14 105 (8.75%) Test Strategy
15 103 (8.58%) SDLC
16 98 (8.17%) Continuous Delivery
17 96 (8.00%) Integration Testing
17 96 (8.00%) Performance Testing
18 92 (7.67%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 319 (26.58%) Java
2 254 (21.17%) SQL
3 172 (14.33%) C#
4 170 (14.17%) Python
5 145 (12.08%) JavaScript
6 50 (4.17%) Scala
7 48 (4.00%) C++
8 45 (3.75%) Java 8
9 43 (3.58%) C
10 33 (2.75%) TypeScript
11 31 (2.58%) Bash Shell
12 28 (2.33%) PL/SQL
12 28 (2.33%) PowerShell
13 22 (1.83%) MATLAB
14 21 (1.75%) Kotlin
15 18 (1.50%) Groovy
15 18 (1.50%) Shell Script
16 16 (1.33%) Ada
17 15 (1.25%) COBOL
18 13 (1.08%) Perl
Qualifications
1 217 (18.08%) Security Cleared
2 178 (14.83%) SC Cleared
3 130 (10.83%) ISTQB
4 83 (6.92%) Degree
5 71 (5.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 61 (5.08%) ISEB
7 34 (2.83%) DV Cleared
8 18 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
10 9 (0.75%) MBA
11 6 (0.50%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.42%) CEH
13 4 (0.33%) CCNA
13 4 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.33%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.33%) GIAC
13 4 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.33%) MCSE
13 4 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.33%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 157 (13.08%) QA
2 55 (4.58%) Accessibility
3 15 (1.25%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.42%) DO-178B
4 5 (0.42%) GDPR
4 5 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.25%) HL7
5 3 (0.25%) JTAG
5 3 (0.25%) NIST
5 3 (0.25%) SLA
5 3 (0.25%) WCAG
6 1 (0.083%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.083%) IEC 61508
6 1 (0.083%) IFRS
6 1 (0.083%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.083%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.083%) ISO 9000
6 1 (0.083%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.083%) PMO
6 1 (0.083%) TARGET2
System Software
1 95 (7.92%) Docker
2 21 (1.75%) Firmware
3 11 (0.92%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 11 (0.92%) RACF
4 9 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
6 4 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.25%) HDFS
7 3 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.25%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.25%) vSphere
8 2 (0.17%) BitLocker
8 2 (0.17%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.083%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.083%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.083%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 82 (6.83%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.75%) Terraform
3 31 (2.58%) Ansible
4 23 (1.92%) HP ALM
5 19 (1.58%) HP Quality Center
6 16 (1.33%) Puppet
7 14 (1.17%) SCCM
8 13 (1.08%) logstash
9 11 (0.92%) Tivoli NetView
10 10 (0.83%) Graphite
10 10 (0.83%) Kibana
11 3 (0.25%) HP Fortify
11 3 (0.25%) MOM
11 3 (0.25%) Nagios
11 3 (0.25%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.25%) vRealize
11 3 (0.25%) WebInspect
11 3 (0.25%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.17%) Rancher
Vendors
1 111 (9.25%) Oracle
2 96 (8.00%) Microsoft
3 38 (3.17%) IBM
4 34 (2.83%) Google
4 34 (2.83%) HP
5 29 (2.42%) SAP
6 14 (1.17%) Informatica
7 13 (1.08%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.08%) VMware
8 11 (0.92%) Atlassian
8 11 (0.92%) Broadcom
8 11 (0.92%) Perfecto Mobile
8 11 (0.92%) Xamarin
9 10 (0.83%) Adobe
9 10 (0.83%) Cisco
9 10 (0.83%) Databricks
10 9 (0.75%) ServiceNow
11 8 (0.67%) Embarcadero
11 8 (0.67%) Siemens
11 8 (0.67%) webMethods