Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 612 591 619
Rank change year-on-year -21 +28 -90
Contract jobs citing LINQ 265 256 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.27% 0.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.82% 0.85% 0.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 202 182 180
UK median daily rate £375 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +2.86% -
10th Percentile £313 £268 £263
90th Percentile £686 £517 £576
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +5.00% +7.69% +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 4
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £11.60 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +266.38% -72.22% +28.46%
10th Percentile £39.00 £10.70 £36.40
90th Percentile £45.00 £12.10 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £11.60 £45.00
% change year-on-year +266.38% -74.22% +38.46%

LINQ is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,373 30,060 31,002
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.88% 31.54% 28.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,070 20,810 21,473
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 344 339 543
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.33 £15.45 £16.25
90th Percentile £56.93 £52.00 £56.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.81 £38.75 £38.75
% change year-on-year +7.88% - +10.71%

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LINQ as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor daily rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 233 £375 +3.73% 137
UK excluding London -46 151 £368 +5.00% 89
London +24 113 £575 +41.54% 54
South East -47 49 £350 -5.41% 16
Midlands +6 26 £350 +30.35% 10
Wales +16 25 £415 +10.67% 4
North of England +36 23 £375 +11.11% 36
North West +21 17 £375 +15.38% 24
East Midlands +7 13 £375 +36.36% 5
West Midlands +6 13 £325 +30.26% 5
East of England -24 12 £350 +7.69% 14
South West -7 10 £363 +6.62% 7
Scotland -17 6 £365 +5.80% 2
Yorkshire -6 5 £375 -6.25% 7
North East +46 1 £483 +30.41% 5

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LINQ.

1 237 (89.43%) C#
2 233 (87.92%) .NET
3 164 (61.89%) SQL Server
4 148 (55.85%) SQL
4 148 (55.85%) .NET Framework
5 128 (48.30%) MVC
5 128 (48.30%) ASP.NET
6 127 (47.92%) Agile Software Development
7 104 (39.25%) Entity Framework
8 95 (35.85%) WCF
9 94 (35.47%) Unit Testing
10 93 (35.09%) Microsoft
11 85 (32.08%) ASP.NET MVC
12 79 (29.81%) Visual Studio
12 79 (29.81%) WPF
13 70 (26.42%) ASP.NET Web API
13 70 (26.42%) HTML
14 68 (25.66%) JavaScript
15 64 (24.15%) Web Services
16 63 (23.77%) Finance
16 63 (23.77%) NUnit
17 60 (22.64%) Oracle
17 60 (22.64%) Relational Database
18 59 (22.26%) jQuery
19 57 (21.51%) Team Foundation Server
19 57 (21.51%) TDD
20 55 (20.75%) CSS
21 51 (19.25%) XML
22 48 (18.11%) Continuous Integration
23 47 (17.74%) Multithreading

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (9.06%) IIS
2 15 (5.66%) CMS
3 9 (3.40%) Sitecore CMS
4 6 (2.26%) Kentico
5 4 (1.51%) Confluence
5 4 (1.51%) DataSynapse
6 3 (1.13%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.75%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.75%) Umbraco
8 1 (0.38%) Documentum
8 1 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.38%) Orchard CMS
8 1 (0.38%) Sonic ESB
Applications
1 5 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.38%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.13%) RMDS
2 1 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 19 (7.17%) Microsoft Azure
2 11 (4.15%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (2.26%) SaaS
4 3 (1.13%) Boomi
4 3 (1.13%) GitHub
4 3 (1.13%) iPaaS
5 2 (0.75%) Google Cloud Platform
5 2 (0.75%) IaaS
6 1 (0.38%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.38%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.26%) TCP/IP
2 5 (1.89%) PPP
3 4 (1.51%) DNS
3 4 (1.51%) IMAP
3 4 (1.51%) Internet
3 4 (1.51%) Intranet
3 4 (1.51%) SMTP
4 2 (0.75%) Modbus
5 1 (0.38%) FIX Connectivity
5 1 (0.38%) HTTP
5 1 (0.38%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (61.89%) SQL Server
2 60 (22.64%) Relational Database
3 38 (14.34%) RDBMS
4 21 (7.92%) SQL Server 2008
5 16 (6.04%) Oracle Database
6 13 (4.91%) SQL Server 2012
7 12 (4.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 11 (4.15%) MongoDB
9 7 (2.64%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (2.64%) SQL Server 2014
10 6 (2.26%) Apache Hive
11 5 (1.89%) Crystal Reports
11 5 (1.89%) Redis
11 5 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 4 (1.51%) BusinessObjects
12 4 (1.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 2 (0.75%) DB2
13 2 (0.75%) SQL Server 2005
14 1 (0.38%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 1 (0.38%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 79 (29.81%) Visual Studio
2 63 (23.77%) NUnit
3 57 (21.51%) Team Foundation Server
4 42 (15.85%) ReSharper
5 39 (14.72%) Git (software)
6 34 (12.83%) MSTest
7 27 (10.19%) MSBuild
8 26 (9.81%) Subversion
9 21 (7.92%) JIRA
10 20 (7.55%) TeamCity
11 16 (6.04%) Moq
12 15 (5.66%) SpecFlow
13 7 (2.64%) Bitbucket
13 7 (2.64%) Jenkins
14 6 (2.26%) Maven
14 6 (2.26%) NuGet
14 6 (2.26%) Robot Framework
14 6 (2.26%) VSS/SourceSafe
15 5 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 5 (1.89%) SonarQube
General
1 63 (23.77%) Finance
2 44 (16.60%) Banking
3 22 (8.30%) Front Office
4 14 (5.28%) Investment Banking
5 11 (4.15%) Legal
6 8 (3.02%) Manufacturing
7 6 (2.26%) Back Office
8 5 (1.89%) Marketing
9 4 (1.51%) Advertising
9 4 (1.51%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.51%) Law
10 2 (0.75%) Electronics
10 2 (0.75%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.38%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.38%) Automotive
11 1 (0.38%) Games
11 1 (0.38%) Retail
Job Titles
1 245 (92.45%) Developer
2 147 (55.47%) C# Developer
3 145 (54.72%) .NET Developer
4 73 (27.55%) C# .NET Developer
5 40 (15.09%) SQL Developer
6 33 (12.45%) WPF Developer
7 32 (12.08%) Senior Developer
8 31 (11.70%) C# WPF Developer
9 30 (11.32%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
10 28 (10.57%) ASP.NET Developer
11 20 (7.55%) Senior .NET Developer
11 20 (7.55%) Senior C# Developer
12 17 (6.42%) C# ASP.NET Developer
13 12 (4.53%) C# WCF Developer
13 12 (4.53%) Full Stack Developer
13 12 (4.53%) WCF Developer
14 10 (3.77%) C# Developer - Electronic Trading
14 10 (3.77%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 9 (3.40%) Angular Developer
15 9 (3.40%) Senior WPF Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 233 (87.92%) .NET
2 148 (55.85%) .NET Framework
3 128 (48.30%) ASP.NET
4 104 (39.25%) Entity Framework
5 95 (35.85%) WCF
6 85 (32.08%) ASP.NET MVC
7 79 (29.81%) WPF
8 70 (26.42%) ASP.NET Web API
8 70 (26.42%) HTML
9 64 (24.15%) Web Services
10 59 (22.26%) jQuery
11 55 (20.75%) CSS
12 51 (19.25%) XML
13 41 (15.47%) JSON
14 37 (13.96%) ADO.NET
15 36 (13.58%) AngularJS
16 30 (11.32%) HTML5
17 28 (10.57%) WinForms
18 27 (10.19%) LINQ to SQL
19 26 (9.81%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 22 (8.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 15 (5.66%) Clustering
3 14 (5.28%) Client/Server
3 14 (5.28%) Hedge funds
4 13 (4.91%) Fixed Income
5 10 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (3.40%) Derivative
6 9 (3.40%) User Experience
7 8 (3.02%) Data Structures
7 8 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
7 8 (3.02%) W3C
8 7 (2.64%) Computer Science
8 7 (2.64%) Equities
8 7 (2.64%) Fat Client
8 7 (2.64%) Fintech
8 7 (2.64%) Grid Computing
8 7 (2.64%) Thin Client
9 6 (2.26%) N-Tier
10 4 (1.51%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.13%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 42 (15.85%) Windows
2 29 (10.94%) Windows Server
3 6 (2.26%) Unix
4 1 (0.38%) Android
4 1 (0.38%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.38%) Windows 8
4 1 (0.38%) Windows Embedded Compact
4 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
4 1 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (48.30%) MVC
2 127 (47.92%) Agile Software Development
3 94 (35.47%) Unit Testing
4 57 (21.51%) TDD
5 48 (18.11%) Continuous Integration
6 47 (17.74%) Multithreading
7 36 (13.58%) SDLC
8 33 (12.45%) MVVM
9 31 (11.70%) Test Automation
10 28 (10.57%) OOP
11 25 (9.43%) Scrum
12 23 (8.68%) Coaching
12 23 (8.68%) Mentoring
12 23 (8.68%) OO
13 21 (7.92%) Continuous Delivery
14 20 (7.55%) Electronic Trading
14 20 (7.55%) Prototyping
15 18 (6.79%) Web Development
16 17 (6.42%) BDD
16 17 (6.42%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 237 (89.43%) C#
2 148 (55.85%) SQL
3 68 (25.66%) JavaScript
4 22 (8.30%) T-SQL
5 19 (7.17%) VB.NET
6 16 (6.04%) Java
6 16 (6.04%) XAML
7 15 (5.66%) C++
8 13 (4.91%) TypeScript
9 7 (2.64%) XPath
10 6 (2.26%) R
11 5 (1.89%) PL/SQL
12 4 (1.51%) PowerShell
13 3 (1.13%) Python
14 2 (0.75%) C
14 2 (0.75%) ES6
14 2 (0.75%) VBA
15 1 (0.38%) Scala
15 1 (0.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 21 (7.92%) Degree
2 13 (4.91%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
3 5 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.13%) MCP
4 3 (1.13%) MCPD
4 3 (1.13%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.38%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.38%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.38%) GNVQ
6 1 (0.38%) HND
6 1 (0.38%) NVQ Level 4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.64%) MiFID
2 4 (1.51%) QA
3 3 (1.13%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.38%) WCAG
System Software
1 3 (1.13%) Active Directory
1 3 (1.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 14 (5.28%) BladeLogic
2 3 (1.13%) MOM
3 2 (0.75%) Control-M
3 2 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
3 2 (0.75%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
4 1 (0.38%) Ansible
4 1 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
4 1 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
4 1 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.38%) Puppet
Vendors
1 93 (35.09%) Microsoft
2 60 (22.64%) Oracle
3 13 (4.91%) TIBCO
4 12 (4.53%) Sitecore
5 7 (2.64%) DevExpress
6 6 (2.26%) Bloomberg
6 6 (2.26%) MarketAxess
6 6 (2.26%) Sybase
6 6 (2.26%) Tradeweb
7 3 (1.13%) Informatica
7 3 (1.13%) MuleSoft
7 3 (1.13%) SnapLogic
8 2 (0.75%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.75%) Google
8 2 (0.75%) Rackspace
8 2 (0.75%) SAP
8 2 (0.75%) Siemens
8 2 (0.75%) Typemock
9 1 (0.38%) Altova
9 1 (0.38%) Capita