The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 3 months to 29 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK
3 months to
29 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 461 511 406
Rank change year-on-year +50 -105  
Contract jobs citing LINQ 137 138 249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.25% 0.45%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.92% 0.89% 1.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 98 110 169
Median daily rate £354 £350 £336
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.07% +4.08%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £312 £299 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £558 £553 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £345 £350 £315
% change year-on-year -1.42% +11.11%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £42.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £42.50

LINQ is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 14910 15532 15002
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 31.64% 27.80% 26.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 10375 10829 9725
Median daily rate £425 £413 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +6.45%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £570 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year - +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 194 199
Median hourly rate £42.50 £34.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.30% -0.71%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.01 £11.00 £17.86
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £50.00 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year +21.42% -5.40%  

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing LINQ as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor daily rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ over the 3 months to 29 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the UK over the 3 months to 29 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 125 £350 -1.40% 91
London +26 49 £425 -1.16% 27
South East +47 48 £345 -23.33% 17
Kent +46 34 £345 - 2
Scotland +51 11 £600 +100.00% 3
Edinburgh +24 9 £600 +100.00% 3
South West 0 9 £350 - 3
East of England -12 9 £300 -14.28% 4
Maidstone - 8 £358 -
West Malling - 7 £345 -
North West +38 6 £317 -2.38% 19
Hampshire - 6 £363 - 5
Gloucestershire +8 5 £334 +4.70% 1
Cambridge +5 5 £250 -28.57%
Cambridgeshire +3 5 £250 -28.57%
City of London -11 5 £455 -22.55% 6
Fareham - 5 £400 -
Cirencester - 3 £330 -
Liverpool - 3 £325 - 1
Merseyside - 3 £325 - 2
West Sussex - 3 £335 - 2
Hertfordshire - 3 £320 -
Glasgow +5 2 £350 -
Wiltshire -2 2 £354 +10.54%
Buckinghamshire -6 2 £338 +35.00% 1
Leicestershire -16 2 - - 2
Leicester -16 2 - -
East Midlands -18 2 - - 5
Gatwick - 2 £335 -
Swindon - 2 £354 -

For the 6 months to 29 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for LINQ.

1 270 (98.54%) C#
2 258 (94.16%) .NET
3 185 (67.52%) SQL Server
4 178 (64.96%) MVC
5 171 (62.41%) .NET Framework
6 165 (60.22%) SQL
7 153 (55.84%) ASP.NET
8 143 (52.19%) Entity Framework
9 137 (50.00%) JavaScript
10 125 (45.62%) Team Foundation Server
11 117 (42.70%) HTML
12 111 (40.51%) CSS
12 111 (40.51%) TDD
13 103 (37.59%) jQuery
14 101 (36.86%) XML
15 95 (34.67%) ASP.NET MVC
16 91 (33.21%) Web Services
17 88 (32.12%) Agile Software Development
18 83 (30.29%) WCF
19 81 (29.56%) ASP.NET Web API
20 72 (26.28%) Microsoft
21 69 (25.18%) AngularJS
22 65 (23.72%) JSON
23 60 (21.90%) Multithreading
24 58 (21.17%) WPF
25 56 (20.44%) LINQ to SQL
26 55 (20.07%) Visual Studio
27 53 (19.34%) Git (software)
28 52 (18.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 49 (17.88%) Finance

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (12.41%) IIS
2 27 (9.85%) CMS
3 21 (7.66%) SharePoint
3 21 (7.66%) Sitecore CMS
4 9 (3.28%) EPiServer
5 5 (1.82%) Umbraco
6 4 (1.46%) BizTalk Server
7 3 (1.09%) Confluence
8 2 (0.73%) SharePoint 2010
9 1 (0.36%) Apache
9 1 (0.36%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.36%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (1.09%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.36%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 17 (6.20%) Microsoft Azure
2 4 (1.46%) Amazon AWS
3 2 (0.73%) GitHub
3 2 (0.73%) SaaS
4 1 (0.36%) Amazon S3
4 1 (0.36%) Amazon SQS
4 1 (0.36%) Boomi
4 1 (0.36%) CloudFront
4 1 (0.36%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.82%) HTTP
1 5 (1.82%) TCP/IP
2 3 (1.09%) DNS
3 2 (0.73%) FTP
3 2 (0.73%) IMAP
3 2 (0.73%) Internet
3 2 (0.73%) SMTP
4 1 (0.36%) LDAP
4 1 (0.36%) NFC
4 1 (0.36%) SMPP
4 1 (0.36%) SMS
4 1 (0.36%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (67.52%) SQL Server
2 43 (15.69%) SQL Server 2012
3 17 (6.20%) Relational Database
3 17 (6.20%) SQL Server 2008
4 11 (4.01%) MongoDB
5 8 (2.92%) NoSQL
5 8 (2.92%) SQL Server 2014
6 7 (2.55%) Oracle Database
7 6 (2.19%) DB2
8 5 (1.82%) Oracle Database 11g
9 4 (1.46%) MySQL
9 4 (1.46%) Oracle Database 12c
9 4 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (1.09%) Qlik Sense
10 3 (1.09%) SQL Server 2005
10 3 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 3 (1.09%) SQLite
11 2 (0.73%) Azure SQL Database
11 2 (0.73%) Geospatial Data
11 2 (0.73%) GIS
Development Applications
1 125 (45.62%) Team Foundation Server
2 55 (20.07%) Visual Studio
3 53 (19.34%) Git (software)
4 33 (12.04%) Moq
4 33 (12.04%) NUnit
5 31 (11.31%) ReSharper
6 19 (6.93%) MSBuild
7 17 (6.20%) TeamCity
8 15 (5.47%) JIRA
9 14 (5.11%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (3.65%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 10 (3.65%) Subversion
11 8 (2.92%) gulp
11 8 (2.92%) SpecFlow
12 7 (2.55%) MSTest
13 6 (2.19%) Jenkins
13 6 (2.19%) XMLSpy
14 5 (1.82%) FxCop
14 5 (1.82%) Mercurial
14 5 (1.82%) StyleCop
General
1 49 (17.88%) Finance
2 21 (7.66%) Advertising
3 12 (4.38%) Banking
4 9 (3.28%) Financial Institution
4 9 (3.28%) Marketing
5 4 (1.46%) Electronics
5 4 (1.46%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.09%) Legal
6 3 (1.09%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.73%) Automotive
7 2 (0.73%) Front Office
7 2 (0.73%) Prime Brokerage
8 1 (0.36%) Back Office
8 1 (0.36%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 238 (86.86%) Developer
2 154 (56.20%) .NET Developer
3 124 (45.26%) C# Developer
4 88 (32.12%) C# .NET Developer
5 37 (13.50%) SQL Developer
6 27 (9.85%) WPF Developer
7 25 (9.12%) ASP.NET Developer
8 24 (8.76%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 22 (8.03%) C# ASP.NET Developer
10 21 (7.66%) Software Developer
11 20 (7.30%) Senior Developer
12 18 (6.57%) Full Stack Developer
13 16 (5.84%) C# WPF Developer
14 15 (5.47%) WinForms Developer
15 14 (5.11%) HTML Developer
15 14 (5.11%) WCF Developer
16 13 (4.74%) Oracle Developer
16 13 (4.74%) Sitecore Developer
17 12 (4.38%) Analyst
17 12 (4.38%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 258 (94.16%) .NET
2 171 (62.41%) .NET Framework
3 153 (55.84%) ASP.NET
4 143 (52.19%) Entity Framework
5 117 (42.70%) HTML
6 111 (40.51%) CSS
7 103 (37.59%) jQuery
8 101 (36.86%) XML
9 95 (34.67%) ASP.NET MVC
10 91 (33.21%) Web Services
11 83 (30.29%) WCF
12 81 (29.56%) ASP.NET Web API
13 69 (25.18%) AngularJS
14 65 (23.72%) JSON
15 58 (21.17%) WPF
16 56 (20.44%) LINQ to SQL
17 52 (18.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 41 (14.96%) HTML5
19 30 (10.95%) ADO.NET
20 25 (9.12%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 33 (12.04%) Algorithms
2 22 (8.03%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (5.84%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (5.47%) Client/Server
5 13 (4.74%) N-Tier
6 11 (4.01%) Computer Science
7 9 (3.28%) e-Learning
7 9 (3.28%) Learning Management System
7 9 (3.28%) W3C
8 7 (2.55%) NHS
9 6 (2.19%) Hedge funds
9 6 (2.19%) User Experience
10 4 (1.46%) Contactless
10 4 (1.46%) EMV
10 4 (1.46%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.09%) Fintech
11 3 (1.09%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.36%) Data Structures
12 1 (0.36%) Embedded Systems
12 1 (0.36%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 28 (10.22%) Windows
2 12 (4.38%) Windows Server
3 3 (1.09%) Android
3 3 (1.09%) Windows Embedded Compact
4 2 (0.73%) Linux
5 1 (0.36%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.36%) CentOS
5 1 (0.36%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 178 (64.96%) MVC
2 111 (40.51%) TDD
3 88 (32.12%) Agile Software Development
4 60 (21.90%) Multithreading
5 45 (16.42%) Concurrent Programming
6 44 (16.06%) Unit Testing
7 41 (14.96%) Multithreaded Programming
8 39 (14.23%) MVVM
9 38 (13.87%) Scrum
10 31 (11.31%) Continuous Integration
11 27 (9.85%) Data Management
11 27 (9.85%) OO
12 26 (9.49%) Web Development
13 25 (9.12%) Prototyping
14 19 (6.93%) Dependency Injection
14 19 (6.93%) Software Engineering
15 17 (6.20%) OOP
16 15 (5.47%) E-Commerce
17 13 (4.74%) BDD
17 13 (4.74%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 270 (98.54%) C#
2 165 (60.22%) SQL
3 137 (50.00%) JavaScript
4 47 (17.15%) T-SQL
5 31 (11.31%) VB.NET
6 14 (5.11%) TypeScript
7 8 (2.92%) VBScript
8 7 (2.55%) VBA
9 4 (1.46%) C++
9 4 (1.46%) PL/SQL
10 3 (1.09%) Python
10 3 (1.09%) VB
11 2 (0.73%) PowerShell
12 1 (0.36%) C
12 1 (0.36%) Java
12 1 (0.36%) PHP
12 1 (0.36%) XPath
Qualifications
1 13 (4.74%) Degree
1 13 (4.74%) Security Cleared
2 4 (1.46%) Microsoft Certification
3 3 (1.09%) CTC Cleared
3 3 (1.09%) MCTS
4 2 (0.73%) HNC
4 2 (0.73%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 2 (0.73%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.36%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.92%) WCAG
2 3 (1.09%) Basel III
2 3 (1.09%) CRD IV
3 2 (0.73%) ISO 8583
3 2 (0.73%) QA
4 1 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.36%) EMIR
System Software
1 2 (0.73%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 1 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 72 (26.28%) Microsoft
2 26 (9.49%) Oracle
3 24 (8.76%) Sitecore
4 7 (2.55%) Xamarin
5 6 (2.19%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.82%) Kofax
7 4 (1.46%) Infragistics
8 3 (1.09%) SAP
8 3 (1.09%) Twitter
9 2 (0.73%) IBM
9 2 (0.73%) Sybase
9 2 (0.73%) Telerik
10 1 (0.36%) Dell
10 1 (0.36%) OpenText
10 1 (0.36%) RedDot
10 1 (0.36%) RedGate
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