Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LINQ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LINQ over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Language Integrated Query (LINQ)
UK
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 670 621 611
Rank change year-on-year -49 -10 +37
Contract jobs citing LINQ 237 290 283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.28% 0.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.65% 0.87% 0.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 182 205 204
UK median daily rate £425 £375 £360
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +4.17% -4.00%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £275
90th Percentile £625 £638 £513
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.45% +3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 1
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £11.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +282.88% -73.41%
10th Percentile £24.33 £27.81 £10.55
90th Percentile £45.00 £46.00 £11.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £11.10
% change year-on-year -11.76% +282.88% -75.33%

LINQ is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 36,389 33,232 31,610
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.71% 32.17% 31.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,739 23,498 21,807
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 314 362 358
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.79% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.00 £17.78 £14.56
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.45 £51.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £39.60
% change year-on-year +3.83% +1.01% +5.60%

LINQ
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LINQ as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor daily rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing LINQ over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for LINQ in the UK

LINQ
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LINQ within the UK over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 209 £450 +20.00% 113
UK excluding London -39 151 £375 +3.45% 93
London -19 82 £513 +2.50% 25
South East -7 60 £375 +7.14% 28
Midlands -12 30 £413 +26.92% 20
Wales -23 23 £375 - 4
East Midlands +16 17 £375 - 11
East of England -9 15 £440 +25.71% 15
South West -23 13 £350 -3.45% 4
West Midlands -33 13 £450 +50.00% 8
North of England -22 9 £425 +13.33% 21
North East -3 5 £450 -6.74% 1
Yorkshire -7 2 £425 +13.33% 8
North West -21 2 £300 -20.00% 12
Scotland -11 1 £365 +0.69% 1

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LINQ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LINQ.

1 209 (88.19%) .NET
2 207 (87.34%) C#
3 172 (72.57%) .NET Framework
4 160 (67.51%) SQL Server
5 149 (62.87%) Entity Framework
6 145 (61.18%) MVC
7 128 (54.01%) SQL
8 122 (51.48%) ASP.NET
9 116 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
10 113 (47.68%) JavaScript
11 98 (41.35%) HTML
12 92 (38.82%) ASP.NET MVC
13 87 (36.71%) Microsoft
14 76 (32.07%) Finance
15 66 (27.85%) Visual Studio
16 65 (27.43%) ASP.NET Web API
17 64 (27.00%) CSS
18 57 (24.05%) Unit Testing
18 57 (24.05%) AngularJS
19 56 (23.63%) XML
20 53 (22.36%) HTML5
21 52 (21.94%) Oracle
22 51 (21.52%) jQuery
23 49 (20.68%) WCF
24 45 (18.99%) Team Foundation Server
25 44 (18.57%) Web Services
25 44 (18.57%) TDD
26 42 (17.72%) KnockoutJS
27 39 (16.46%) Multithreading
28 37 (15.61%) Banking

LINQ
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (7.59%) IIS
2 8 (3.38%) CMS
3 5 (2.11%) Sitecore CMS
4 4 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.27%) SharePoint
6 2 (0.84%) Apache
7 1 (0.42%) Kentico
7 1 (0.42%) NServiceBus
7 1 (0.42%) Oracle BPEL
7 1 (0.42%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.42%) SharePoint 2010
7 1 (0.42%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (0.42%) Umbraco
Applications
1 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (4.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.42%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 21 (8.86%) Microsoft Azure
2 10 (4.22%) Amazon AWS
3 8 (3.38%) Dynamics 365
4 5 (2.11%) Office 365
4 5 (2.11%) SaaS
5 3 (1.27%) Azure Active Directory
5 3 (1.27%) Google Play
6 2 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 10 (4.22%) Internet
2 9 (3.80%) DNS
2 9 (3.80%) IMAP
2 9 (3.80%) SMTP
2 9 (3.80%) TCP/IP
3 3 (1.27%) HTTP
4 2 (0.84%) SMS
5 1 (0.42%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (67.51%) SQL Server
2 37 (15.61%) Relational Database
3 26 (10.97%) SQL Server 2012
4 21 (8.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 19 (8.02%) RDBMS
5 19 (8.02%) SQL Server 2008
6 14 (5.91%) Oracle Database
7 11 (4.64%) SQL Server 2016
8 10 (4.22%) MongoDB
9 6 (2.53%) NoSQL
10 5 (2.11%) MySQL
11 4 (1.69%) Blockchain
11 4 (1.69%) Oracle Database 11g
12 3 (1.27%) SQL Server 2014
13 2 (0.84%) KDB
13 2 (0.84%) PostgreSQL
13 2 (0.84%) SQLite
14 1 (0.42%) Oracle Database 12c
14 1 (0.42%) Power BI
14 1 (0.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 66 (27.85%) Visual Studio
2 45 (18.99%) Team Foundation Server
3 32 (13.50%) NUnit
4 27 (11.39%) MSTest
5 21 (8.86%) Git (software)
6 9 (3.80%) ReSharper
6 9 (3.80%) TeamCity
7 8 (3.38%) InstallShield
7 8 (3.38%) Subversion
8 7 (2.95%) Jenkins
9 6 (2.53%) Octopus Deploy
9 6 (2.53%) Selenium
9 6 (2.53%) SpecFlow
10 5 (2.11%) NCrunch
11 4 (1.69%) JIRA
11 4 (1.69%) Moq
11 4 (1.69%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (1.27%) Bitbucket
13 2 (0.84%) Jasmine
13 2 (0.84%) Visual Studio Tools for Office
General
1 76 (32.07%) Finance
2 37 (15.61%) Banking
3 20 (8.44%) Financial Institution
4 16 (6.75%) Front Office
5 12 (5.06%) Investment Banking
6 8 (3.38%) Retail
7 3 (1.27%) Legal
8 2 (0.84%) Billing
8 2 (0.84%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.84%) Marketing
8 2 (0.84%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.42%) Advertising
9 1 (0.42%) Back Office
9 1 (0.42%) Electronics
9 1 (0.42%) Law
9 1 (0.42%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 224 (94.51%) Developer
2 134 (56.54%) .NET Developer
3 108 (45.57%) C# Developer
4 50 (21.10%) C# .NET Developer
5 36 (15.19%) SQL Developer
6 27 (11.39%) Angular Developer
7 23 (9.70%) ASP.NET Developer
8 20 (8.44%) C# ASP.NET Developer
9 16 (6.75%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
9 16 (6.75%) Full Stack Developer
10 14 (5.91%) SQL Server Developer
11 11 (4.64%) Software Developer
12 8 (3.38%) Agile .NET Developer
12 8 (3.38%) Agile Developer
12 8 (3.38%) Backend Developer
12 8 (3.38%) Lead Developer
12 8 (3.38%) Report Developer
13 7 (2.95%) Agile C# Developer
13 7 (2.95%) Applications Developer
14 6 (2.53%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 209 (88.19%) .NET
2 172 (72.57%) .NET Framework
3 149 (62.87%) Entity Framework
4 122 (51.48%) ASP.NET
5 98 (41.35%) HTML
6 92 (38.82%) ASP.NET MVC
7 65 (27.43%) ASP.NET Web API
8 64 (27.00%) CSS
9 57 (24.05%) AngularJS
10 56 (23.63%) XML
11 53 (22.36%) HTML5
12 51 (21.52%) jQuery
13 49 (20.68%) WCF
14 44 (18.57%) Web Services
15 42 (17.72%) KnockoutJS
16 35 (14.77%) LINQ to SQL
17 29 (12.24%) WPF
18 25 (10.55%) Kendo UI
19 24 (10.13%) Node.js
19 24 (10.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 22 (9.28%) Hedge funds
2 18 (7.59%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.22%) User Experience
4 9 (3.80%) Fintech
5 8 (3.38%) W3C
6 7 (2.95%) Mobile App
7 6 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (2.11%) Fixed Income
8 5 (2.11%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (1.69%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.27%) Equities
10 3 (1.27%) NHS
11 2 (0.84%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.42%) Grid Computing
12 1 (0.42%) iPhone
12 1 (0.42%) N-Tier
12 1 (0.42%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 37 (15.61%) Windows
2 16 (6.75%) Android
3 15 (6.33%) Apple iOS
4 8 (3.38%) Windows Server
5 5 (2.11%) Linux
6 2 (0.84%) Unix
7 1 (0.42%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (61.18%) MVC
2 116 (48.95%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (24.05%) Unit Testing
4 44 (18.57%) TDD
5 39 (16.46%) Multithreading
6 35 (14.77%) Asset Management
7 31 (13.08%) OOP
8 27 (11.39%) Business Analysis
8 27 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
9 23 (9.70%) API Development
10 22 (9.28%) Fund Accounting
10 22 (9.28%) Fund Management
10 22 (9.28%) Investment Management
11 21 (8.86%) Dependency Injection
12 19 (8.02%) Scrum
13 18 (7.59%) Test Automation
14 17 (7.17%) Concurrent Programming
14 17 (7.17%) Multithreaded Programming
14 17 (7.17%) Software Engineering
15 16 (6.75%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 207 (87.34%) C#
2 128 (54.01%) SQL
3 113 (47.68%) JavaScript
4 33 (13.92%) TypeScript
5 12 (5.06%) XAML
6 11 (4.64%) T-SQL
7 5 (2.11%) R
8 3 (1.27%) C
8 3 (1.27%) PowerShell
9 2 (0.84%) Perl
9 2 (0.84%) PHP
9 2 (0.84%) VBA
10 1 (0.42%) C++
10 1 (0.42%) Java
10 1 (0.42%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.42%) Python
10 1 (0.42%) VB.NET
10 1 (0.42%) XPath
Qualifications
1 26 (10.97%) Degree
2 4 (1.69%) BPSS Clearance
3 3 (1.27%) DBS Check
4 2 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.42%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (0.84%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.42%) GDPR
2 1 (0.42%) ISO 9001
2 1 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.42%) QA
2 1 (0.42%) SLA
System Software
1 3 (1.27%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.84%) Docker
Systems Management
1 4 (1.69%) Kibana
2 1 (0.42%) Terraform
Vendors
1 87 (36.71%) Microsoft
2 52 (21.94%) Oracle
3 14 (5.91%) Xamarin
4 12 (5.06%) Sybase
5 9 (3.80%) Google
6 5 (2.11%) Sitecore
7 4 (1.69%) Twitter
8 3 (1.27%) Apple
8 3 (1.27%) Cadence
8 3 (1.27%) IBM
9 2 (0.84%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.84%) Siebel
9 2 (0.84%) Telerik
10 1 (0.42%) RedGate
10 1 (0.42%) SAP