Period
to 4 March 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 4 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
4 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 236 430 522
Rank change year-on-year +194 +92 +199
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 417 279 353
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.07% 0.46% 0.39%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.12% 1.44% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 292 169 249
Median daily rate £530 £563 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.78% -2.17% +4.55%
10th Percentile £413 £424 £425
90th Percentile £750 £725 £696
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £575
% change year-on-year -4.55% -4.35% +4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 0
Median hourly rate £52.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £44.50 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 13,352 19,349 28,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.30% 31.79% 32.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,926 12,742 19,411
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £253 £250 £275
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £475
% change year-on-year +2.70% -2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 557 818 895
Median hourly rate £25.50 £21.54 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.37% +6.41% -3.60%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.44 £11.85
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £25.50 £22.50 £20.24
% change year-on-year +13.33% +11.19% -3.64%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 4 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +106 268 £560 -2.61% 138
South East +118 48 £540 -3.36% 33
South West +111 31 £475 -9.52% 8
North of England +63 18 £565 +28.41% 39
East of England +68 15 £508 - 9
North West +40 8 £495 +20.73% 17
Yorkshire +41 5 £565 +22.16% 13
Midlands +21 5 £450 -14.49% 19
North East +33 4 £575 +15.00% 9
East Midlands +21 3 - - 4
West Midlands +21 2 £450 -16.28% 15
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 4 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 227 (54.44%) Azure
2 220 (52.76%) AWS
3 180 (43.17%) Agile Software Development
4 177 (42.45%) Kubernetes
5 170 (40.77%) DevOps
6 167 (40.05%) Microservices
7 157 (37.65%) Python
8 138 (33.09%) Terraform
9 104 (24.94%) Software Engineering
10 102 (24.46%) SQL
11 101 (24.22%) Serverless
12 95 (22.78%) Java
13 87 (20.86%) Go
14 84 (20.14%) Docker
15 83 (19.90%) Infrastructure as Code
16 81 (19.42%) GCP
17 71 (17.03%) Jenkins
18 68 (16.31%) Git (software)
19 64 (15.35%) JavaScript
20 62 (14.87%) Finance
21 60 (14.39%) Oracle
22 57 (13.67%) Ansible
23 56 (13.43%) AWS Lambda
24 54 (12.95%) Azure Functions
25 52 (12.47%) Logic Apps
25 52 (12.47%) SDLC
26 50 (11.99%) Node.js
27 49 (11.75%) Open Source
27 49 (11.75%) C#
28 48 (11.51%) C++

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (8.87%) BizTalk Server
2 18 (4.32%) Confluence
3 12 (2.88%) Cloud Foundry
4 9 (2.16%) Apache Spark
5 7 (1.68%) Apache Airflow
5 7 (1.68%) OpenStack
6 6 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (1.44%) nginx
7 4 (0.96%) Red Hat Fuse
7 4 (0.96%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.72%) Apache
8 3 (0.72%) JBoss
9 2 (0.48%) Alfresco
9 2 (0.48%) CMS
9 2 (0.48%) Predix
9 2 (0.48%) SAS
9 2 (0.48%) ThingWorx
9 2 (0.48%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.24%) Apache ServiceMix
10 1 (0.24%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 2 (0.48%) Chatbot
1 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.24%) 3ds Max
2 1 (0.24%) Blender
2 1 (0.24%) Maya
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (0.72%) Oracle Applications
1 3 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
1 3 (0.72%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.48%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.24%) Magento
3 1 (0.24%) Oracle BRM
3 1 (0.24%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 227 (54.44%) Azure
2 220 (52.76%) AWS
3 101 (24.22%) Serverless
4 81 (19.42%) GCP
5 56 (13.43%) AWS Lambda
6 54 (12.95%) Azure Functions
7 52 (12.47%) Logic Apps
8 44 (10.55%) IaaS
9 43 (10.31%) PaaS
10 37 (8.87%) GitHub
11 27 (6.47%) SaaS
12 22 (5.28%) Amazon EKS
12 22 (5.28%) AWS CloudFormation
13 21 (5.04%) Amazon GuardDuty
14 16 (3.84%) Amazon ECS
14 16 (3.84%) Azure Active Directory
15 14 (3.36%) CloudFront
15 14 (3.36%) OpenShift
16 12 (2.88%) AWS Fargate
17 11 (2.64%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 12 (2.88%) Network Security
2 9 (2.16%) Unified Communications
3 8 (1.92%) DNS
4 6 (1.44%) 3GPP
4 6 (1.44%) Software-Defined Networking
5 5 (1.20%) SGSN
6 3 (0.72%) Firewall
6 3 (0.72%) FTP
6 3 (0.72%) NAS
6 3 (0.72%) SAN
7 2 (0.48%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.48%) Internet
7 2 (0.48%) Intrusion Detection
7 2 (0.48%) VPN
8 1 (0.24%) FCAPS
8 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.24%) IPv4
8 1 (0.24%) IPv6
8 1 (0.24%) SSL
8 1 (0.24%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (10.79%) Azure SQL Database
2 44 (10.55%) MongoDB
3 27 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
4 26 (6.24%) Big Data
5 17 (4.08%) SQL Server
6 16 (3.84%) Data Warehouse
7 14 (3.36%) NoSQL
8 12 (2.88%) Data Lake
9 10 (2.40%) Hadoop
10 9 (2.16%) BigQuery
11 7 (1.68%) Cloud Spanner
12 6 (1.44%) MySQL
13 5 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 5 (1.20%) Apache Hive
13 5 (1.20%) Snowflake Schema
14 4 (0.96%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 4 (0.96%) Bigtable
14 4 (0.96%) Dremio
15 3 (0.72%) Amazon Aurora
15 3 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 71 (17.03%) Jenkins
2 68 (16.31%) Git (software)
3 30 (7.19%) JIRA
4 18 (4.32%) CircleCI
5 16 (3.84%) Visual Studio
6 15 (3.60%) GitLab
7 13 (3.12%) Bitbucket
8 12 (2.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 9 (2.16%) Cucumber
9 9 (2.16%) webpack
10 8 (1.92%) JUnit
11 7 (1.68%) TeamCity
12 5 (1.20%) Maven
12 5 (1.20%) Postman
12 5 (1.20%) Sonatype Nexus
13 4 (0.96%) CF BOSH
14 3 (0.72%) SonarQube
14 3 (0.72%) Spinnaker
14 3 (0.72%) Subversion
14 3 (0.72%) Terragrunt
General
1 62 (14.87%) Finance
2 32 (7.67%) Banking
3 21 (5.04%) Public Sector
4 10 (2.40%) Back Office
5 8 (1.92%) Telecoms
6 7 (1.68%) Law
6 7 (1.68%) Manufacturing
7 6 (1.44%) Retail
8 4 (0.96%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.96%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.72%) Games
10 2 (0.48%) Automotive
10 2 (0.48%) Front Office
10 2 (0.48%) Legal
10 2 (0.48%) Marketing
11 1 (0.24%) Billing
11 1 (0.24%) Electronics
11 1 (0.24%) Fire and Rescue
11 1 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 101 (24.22%) Architect
1 101 (24.22%) Developer
2 48 (11.51%) Cloud Engineer
3 41 (9.83%) Cloud Architect
4 37 (8.87%) Azure Engineer
5 35 (8.39%) DevOps Engineer
6 32 (7.67%) Python Developer
7 26 (6.24%) AWS Engineer
8 25 (6.00%) Azure Architect
9 23 (5.52%) AWS Architect
9 23 (5.52%) Java Developer
9 23 (5.52%) Solutions Architect
10 22 (5.28%) Azure Developer
10 22 (5.28%) Software Engineer
11 21 (5.04%) Security Engineer
12 19 (4.56%) Senior Developer
13 15 (3.60%) Cloud Developer
13 15 (3.60%) Full Stack Developer
14 14 (3.36%) Data Engineer
14 14 (3.36%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (11.99%) Node.js
2 43 (10.31%) React
3 39 (9.35%) .NET
4 34 (8.15%) REST
5 32 (7.67%) GraphQL
6 29 (6.95%) CSS
7 28 (6.71%) Web Services
8 24 (5.76%) .NET Core
9 22 (5.28%) Kafka
9 22 (5.28%) Spring Boot
10 21 (5.04%) Spring
11 20 (4.80%) HTML
11 20 (4.80%) RESTful
12 19 (4.56%) CSS3
13 18 (4.32%) Redux
14 15 (3.60%) HTML5
14 15 (3.60%) Middleware
15 14 (3.36%) AngularJS
15 14 (3.36%) JSON
16 12 (2.88%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 23 (5.52%) Public Cloud
2 20 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (4.56%) Data Centre
4 13 (3.12%) Management Information System
5 12 (2.88%) Algorithms
6 11 (2.64%) User Experience
7 9 (2.16%) Data Structures
8 8 (1.92%) Enterprise Cloud
9 7 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.20%) Derivative
10 5 (1.20%) Industry 4.0
10 5 (1.20%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.20%) Security Operations Centre
11 4 (0.96%) Blog
11 4 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (0.96%) Hybrid Cloud
11 4 (0.96%) iPad
11 4 (0.96%) PKI
12 3 (0.72%) Industrial Internet of Things
12 3 (0.72%) TM Forum
Operating Systems
1 43 (10.31%) Linux
2 29 (6.95%) Windows
3 9 (2.16%) Windows Server
4 5 (1.20%) Unix
5 4 (0.96%) Android
5 4 (0.96%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.72%) Mac OS
6 3 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.24%) CentOS
7 1 (0.24%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.24%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 180 (43.17%) Agile Software Development
2 170 (40.77%) DevOps
3 167 (40.05%) Microservices
4 104 (24.94%) Software Engineering
5 83 (19.90%) Infrastructure as Code
6 52 (12.47%) SDLC
7 49 (11.75%) Open Source
8 44 (10.55%) Scrum
9 42 (10.07%) Data Engineering
10 41 (9.83%) Test Automation
11 39 (9.35%) TDD
12 38 (9.11%) Continuous Improvement
12 38 (9.11%) Information Security
13 37 (8.87%) Data Development
14 36 (8.63%) OO
15 35 (8.39%) Migration
16 29 (6.95%) BDD
17 27 (6.47%) Analytics
17 27 (6.47%) Computer Science
18 26 (6.24%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 157 (37.65%) Python
2 102 (24.46%) SQL
3 95 (22.78%) Java
4 87 (20.86%) Go
5 64 (15.35%) JavaScript
6 49 (11.75%) C#
7 48 (11.51%) C++
8 39 (9.35%) PL/SQL
9 37 (8.87%) T-SQL
10 32 (7.67%) PowerShell
11 25 (6.00%) Bash Shell
12 18 (4.32%) TypeScript
13 13 (3.12%) Kotlin
13 13 (3.12%) Shell Script
14 12 (2.88%) ES6
15 8 (1.92%) Scala
16 7 (1.68%) C
16 7 (1.68%) Ruby
17 3 (0.72%) Java 8
18 2 (0.48%) VBA
Qualifications
1 47 (11.27%) Security Cleared
2 40 (9.59%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.80%) Degree
4 12 (2.88%) CISSP
5 9 (2.16%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.20%) CISM
6 5 (1.20%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.96%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.72%) GIAC
8 3 (0.72%) SANS
9 2 (0.48%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 2 (0.48%) CCSP
9 2 (0.48%) CISA
9 2 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.48%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
9 2 (0.48%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
10 1 (0.24%) CESG Certified Professional
10 1 (0.24%) IISP
10 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (1.68%) QA
3 5 (1.20%) OASIS TOSCA
3 5 (1.20%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.96%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.96%) SLA
5 3 (0.72%) GDPR
5 3 (0.72%) HIPAA
5 3 (0.72%) NIST
5 3 (0.72%) RMADS
5 3 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.48%) COBIT
6 2 (0.48%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.48%) ISO 31000
7 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.24%) NIST 800
System Software
1 84 (20.14%) Docker
2 21 (5.04%) Active Directory
3 10 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (1.92%) Hyper-V
4 8 (1.92%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (1.20%) KVM
5 5 (1.20%) LXC
5 5 (1.20%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.72%) HDFS
8 2 (0.48%) vSphere
8 2 (0.48%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 177 (42.45%) Kubernetes
2 138 (33.09%) Terraform
3 57 (13.67%) Ansible
4 18 (4.32%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (4.08%) Prometheus
5 17 (4.08%) Puppet
6 15 (3.60%) Istio
7 13 (3.12%) Grafana
8 5 (1.20%) Cloudify
8 5 (1.20%) Docker Swarm
8 5 (1.20%) Juju
8 5 (1.20%) Kustomize
9 4 (0.96%) Consul
9 4 (0.96%) Packer
9 4 (0.96%) vRealize
10 3 (0.72%) Argo
10 3 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.72%) Knative
10 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Intune
10 3 (0.72%) MIIS
Vendors
1 60 (14.39%) Oracle
2 47 (11.27%) Google
3 42 (10.07%) MuleSoft
4 39 (9.35%) Microsoft
5 18 (4.32%) VMware
6 9 (2.16%) Atlassian
6 9 (2.16%) Red Hat
7 7 (1.68%) Okta
8 6 (1.44%) IBM
8 6 (1.44%) Splunk
9 5 (1.20%) Alibaba
9 5 (1.20%) AppDynamics
9 5 (1.20%) Cisco
9 5 (1.20%) Ericsson
9 5 (1.20%) Juniper
9 5 (1.20%) Mirantis
10 4 (0.96%) CA
10 4 (0.96%) CA Agile Central
10 4 (0.96%) Informatica
10 4 (0.96%) Salesforce.com