Period
to 20 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 243 314 475
Rank change year-on-year +71 +161 +172
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 725 160 358
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.15% 0.63% 0.44%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.75% 1.96% 1.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 103 235
10th Percentile £458 £414 £450
25th Percentile £513 £463 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £563 £600
Median % change year-on-year +4.44% -6.25% +14.29%
75th Percentile £675 £675 £669
90th Percentile £750 £773 £750
UK median daily rate £575 £563 £575
% change year-on-year +2.22% -2.17% +9.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £60.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £67.50 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 19,350 8,179 23,615
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.57% 32.16% 29.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,539 5,586 15,657
10th Percentile £300 £275 £278
25th Percentile £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £615 £588
90th Percentile £725 £727 £675
UK median daily rate £513 £491 £475
% change year-on-year +4.33% +3.42% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 616 270 774
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.59 £11.62
25th Percentile £15.23 £17.50 £14.28
Median hourly rate £25.00 £31.50 £20.98
Median % change year-on-year -20.63% +50.16% -0.70%
75th Percentile £49.52 £47.25 £47.50
90th Percentile £64.75 £61.25 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £24.90 £27.00 £20.96
% change year-on-year -7.80% +28.85% -0.21%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +60 489 £620 +3.33% 198
North of England -55 52 £575 +9.52% 53
South East -69 41 £550 +9.56% 26
East of England - 33 £533 - 17
South West -15 27 £480 +20.00% 23
Yorkshire -35 18 £550 -20.29% 14
North West -50 18 £525 +23.53% 32
North East -10 16 £600 +7.14% 7
Midlands -78 10 £613 +32.43% 41
East Midlands -35 5 £634 +12.67% 10
West Midlands -63 5 £258 -44.32% 31
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 384 (52.97%) Azure
2 375 (51.72%) AWS
3 350 (48.28%) DevOps
4 305 (42.07%) Agile Software Development
5 294 (40.55%) Kubernetes
6 260 (35.86%) Microservices
7 224 (30.90%) Python
8 180 (24.83%) Terraform
9 172 (23.72%) Finance
10 166 (22.90%) Docker
11 161 (22.21%) Java
12 155 (21.38%) Social Skills
13 153 (21.10%) Serverless
14 148 (20.41%) GCP
15 138 (19.03%) Infrastructure as Code
16 137 (18.90%) Software Engineering
17 128 (17.66%) JavaScript
18 109 (15.03%) SQL
19 108 (14.90%) Full Stack Development
20 102 (14.07%) PaaS
21 100 (13.79%) IaaS
22 96 (13.24%) Git (software)
23 94 (12.97%) Jenkins
24 93 (12.83%) .NET
25 91 (12.55%) SDLC
26 90 (12.41%) Ansible
27 89 (12.28%) C#
27 89 (12.28%) SaaS
28 87 (12.00%) Test Automation
29 85 (11.72%) Google

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (5.10%) BizTalk Server
2 26 (3.59%) Apache Spark
3 17 (2.34%) Confluence
4 14 (1.93%) Cloud Foundry
5 12 (1.66%) OpenStack
6 9 (1.24%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (1.24%) SharePoint
7 8 (1.10%) Apache
7 8 (1.10%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.97%) nginx
8 7 (0.97%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.83%) IBM Domino
9 6 (0.83%) IIS
9 6 (0.83%) JBoss
9 6 (0.83%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.69%) CMS
11 4 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
11 4 (0.55%) SharePoint 2010
11 4 (0.55%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.69%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.41%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.14%) Maximo
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.14%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 384 (52.97%) Azure
2 375 (51.72%) AWS
3 153 (21.10%) Serverless
4 148 (20.41%) GCP
5 102 (14.07%) PaaS
6 100 (13.79%) IaaS
7 89 (12.28%) SaaS
8 83 (11.45%) AWS Lambda
9 61 (8.41%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 60 (8.28%) Azure Functions
11 52 (7.17%) AWS CloudFormation
11 52 (7.17%) GitHub
12 48 (6.62%) Azure Storage
13 43 (5.93%) Azure Logic Apps
14 35 (4.83%) Azure Data Factory
15 31 (4.28%) Azure Active Directory
16 26 (3.59%) Amazon S3
17 25 (3.45%) Amazon EC2
18 24 (3.31%) Cloud Computing
19 22 (3.03%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.48%) Firewall
2 9 (1.24%) Software-Defined Networking
3 8 (1.10%) 3GPP
3 8 (1.10%) DNS
4 7 (0.97%) DHCP
4 7 (0.97%) Network Security
4 7 (0.97%) SGSN
4 7 (0.97%) VPN
5 6 (0.83%) BGP
5 6 (0.83%) HTTP
6 5 (0.69%) EIGRP
6 5 (0.69%) FTP
6 5 (0.69%) Internet
6 5 (0.69%) LAN
6 5 (0.69%) SNMP
7 4 (0.55%) AMQP
7 4 (0.55%) NAS
7 4 (0.55%) SAN
7 4 (0.55%) WAN
8 3 (0.41%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (8.97%) MongoDB
2 53 (7.31%) Azure SQL Database
3 52 (7.17%) NoSQL
4 44 (6.07%) SQL Server
5 35 (4.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 35 (4.83%) Big Data
6 32 (4.41%) Data Lake
7 21 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
7 21 (2.90%) PostgreSQL
8 17 (2.34%) Amazon RDS
9 15 (2.07%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 14 (1.93%) Relational Database
11 11 (1.52%) BigQuery
11 11 (1.52%) Hadoop
11 11 (1.52%) MySQL
12 10 (1.38%) Power BI
13 8 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
14 7 (0.97%) Amazon Athena
14 7 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (0.97%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 96 (13.24%) Git (software)
2 94 (12.97%) Jenkins
3 34 (4.69%) Maven
4 33 (4.55%) JIRA
5 23 (3.17%) Gradle
6 20 (2.76%) CircleCI
7 17 (2.34%) TeamCity
8 15 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
9 14 (1.93%) Selenium
10 11 (1.52%) Cucumber
10 11 (1.52%) Cypress.io
10 11 (1.52%) GitLab
10 11 (1.52%) Subversion
10 11 (1.52%) webpack
11 9 (1.24%) SonarQube
12 8 (1.10%) gulp
12 8 (1.10%) Mocha
13 6 (0.83%) Bitbucket
13 6 (0.83%) MLflow
13 6 (0.83%) Travis CI
General
1 172 (23.72%) Finance
2 155 (21.38%) Social Skills
3 60 (8.28%) Banking
4 50 (6.90%) Presentation Skills
5 30 (4.14%) Public Sector
6 28 (3.86%) Analytical Skills
7 25 (3.45%) Legal
8 23 (3.17%) Front Office
9 20 (2.76%) Financial Institution
9 20 (2.76%) Retail
10 15 (2.07%) Telecoms
11 10 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (1.24%) Investment Banking
12 9 (1.24%) Manufacturing
13 8 (1.10%) Influencing Skills
14 7 (0.97%) Games
14 7 (0.97%) Marketing
15 5 (0.69%) Back Office
15 5 (0.69%) Electronics
15 5 (0.69%) Law
Job Titles
1 210 (28.97%) Architect
2 142 (19.59%) Developer
3 84 (11.59%) DevOps Engineer
4 83 (11.45%) Solutions Architect
5 65 (8.97%) Cloud Architect
6 51 (7.03%) Azure Engineer
7 50 (6.90%) Cloud Engineer
8 44 (6.07%) Azure Architect
9 42 (5.79%) AWS Architect
10 31 (4.28%) Azure Developer
11 30 (4.14%) Software Engineer
12 29 (4.00%) C# Developer
13 27 (3.72%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 25 (3.45%) Data Engineer
14 25 (3.45%) Full Stack Developer
15 24 (3.31%) Cloud Developer
16 23 (3.17%) Java Developer
16 23 (3.17%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 22 (3.03%) AWS Engineer
17 22 (3.03%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (12.83%) .NET
2 79 (10.90%) Node.js
3 61 (8.41%) React
4 59 (8.14%) .NET Core
4 59 (8.14%) Kafka
5 51 (7.03%) REST
6 49 (6.76%) Spring
7 37 (5.10%) JSON
8 36 (4.97%) Web Services
9 34 (4.69%) Spring Boot
10 31 (4.28%) OAuth
11 30 (4.14%) AngularJS
12 26 (3.59%) Middleware
13 24 (3.31%) OpenID
14 22 (3.03%) HTML
15 20 (2.76%) GraphQL
16 18 (2.48%) RESTful
17 17 (2.34%) CSS
18 16 (2.21%) XML
19 15 (2.07%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 69 (9.52%) Public Cloud
2 41 (5.66%) Data Centre
3 38 (5.24%) Data Protection Act
4 37 (5.10%) Legacy Systems
5 27 (3.72%) CMDB
6 23 (3.17%) Data Structures
7 22 (3.03%) Hybrid Cloud
7 22 (3.03%) Management Information System
8 21 (2.90%) Hedge funds
9 20 (2.76%) Legacy Applications
10 19 (2.62%) User Experience
11 18 (2.48%) Greenfield Project
12 15 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
13 11 (1.52%) Robotics
14 10 (1.38%) Enterprise Cloud
14 10 (1.38%) Mobile App
14 10 (1.38%) Virtual Team
15 9 (1.24%) Algorithms
15 9 (1.24%) Derivative
16 8 (1.10%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 78 (10.76%) Linux
2 71 (9.79%) Windows
3 25 (3.45%) Unix
4 19 (2.62%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.10%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.69%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.55%) CentOS
9 3 (0.41%) Debian
9 3 (0.41%) Solaris
10 2 (0.28%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.28%) VMS
11 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.14%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 350 (48.28%) DevOps
2 305 (42.07%) Agile Software Development
3 260 (35.86%) Microservices
4 138 (19.03%) Infrastructure as Code
5 137 (18.90%) Software Engineering
6 108 (14.90%) Full Stack Development
7 91 (12.55%) SDLC
8 87 (12.00%) Test Automation
9 85 (11.72%) Scrum
10 75 (10.34%) Migration
11 67 (9.24%) Continuous Delivery
12 66 (9.10%) Continuous Improvement
12 66 (9.10%) TDD
13 65 (8.97%) Data Protection
14 63 (8.69%) Open Source
15 59 (8.14%) Analytics
16 57 (7.86%) Continuous Integration
17 54 (7.45%) Computer Science
17 54 (7.45%) Data Engineering
18 51 (7.03%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 224 (30.90%) Python
2 161 (22.21%) Java
3 128 (17.66%) JavaScript
4 109 (15.03%) SQL
5 89 (12.28%) C#
6 73 (10.07%) Go
7 56 (7.72%) Bash Shell
8 53 (7.31%) PowerShell
9 50 (6.90%) TypeScript
10 43 (5.93%) T-SQL
11 41 (5.66%) C++
12 37 (5.10%) PL/SQL
13 17 (2.34%) PHP
14 16 (2.21%) C
14 16 (2.21%) Ruby
15 12 (1.66%) Perl
16 10 (1.38%) Scala
17 8 (1.10%) Kotlin
18 7 (0.97%) Groovy
18 7 (0.97%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 59 (8.14%) Security Cleared
2 50 (6.90%) SC Cleared
3 26 (3.59%) Degree
4 19 (2.62%) AWS Certification
5 12 (1.66%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.24%) CISSP
7 6 (0.83%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 6 (0.83%) CCSP
8 5 (0.69%) CCNP
8 5 (0.69%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.41%) GIAC
11 2 (0.28%) CISM
11 2 (0.28%) CRISC
11 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.14%) CCNA
12 1 (0.14%) CISA
12 1 (0.14%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.14%) GDPR
2 13 (1.79%) QA
3 8 (1.10%) NIST
4 7 (0.97%) OASIS TOSCA
5 4 (0.55%) SOC 2
6 3 (0.41%) Accessibility
6 3 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.28%) PMO
8 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.14%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.14%) SOC 1
System Software
1 166 (22.90%) Docker
2 39 (5.38%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (1.10%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.97%) KVM
5 7 (0.97%) LXC
5 7 (0.97%) Microsoft App-V
5 7 (0.97%) VMware ESXi
5 7 (0.97%) XenApp
6 5 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.28%) HDFS
7 2 (0.28%) Squid
7 2 (0.28%) vCloud
7 2 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.28%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.14%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 294 (40.55%) Kubernetes
2 180 (24.83%) Terraform
3 90 (12.41%) Ansible
4 38 (5.24%) Prometheus
4 38 (5.24%) Puppet
5 27 (3.72%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (2.62%) Grafana
7 13 (1.79%) MIIS
8 9 (1.24%) Docker Swarm
8 9 (1.24%) Istio
9 8 (1.10%) Kibana
10 7 (0.97%) Cloudify
10 7 (0.97%) Juju
10 7 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.83%) Fluentd
12 5 (0.69%) Argo
12 5 (0.69%) HP Fortify
12 5 (0.69%) Kubeflow
12 5 (0.69%) Packer
13 4 (0.55%) Consul
Vendors
1 85 (11.72%) Google
2 71 (9.79%) Microsoft
2 71 (9.79%) Oracle
3 41 (5.66%) MuleSoft
4 37 (5.10%) Databricks
5 26 (3.59%) SAP
5 26 (3.59%) VMware
6 21 (2.90%) Red Hat
7 18 (2.48%) Cloudera
8 15 (2.07%) Cisco
9 14 (1.93%) IBM
10 13 (1.79%) New Relic
11 12 (1.66%) Alibaba
12 11 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
12 11 (1.52%) Splunk
13 9 (1.24%) Atlassian
13 9 (1.24%) Citrix
14 7 (0.97%) Ericsson
14 7 (0.97%) Juniper
14 7 (0.97%) Mirantis