Period
to 29 March 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 389 487 728
Rank change year-on-year +98 +241 +58
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 295 389 158
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.52% 0.44% 0.17%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.61% 1.36% 0.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 167 284 125
Median daily rate £550 £588 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +6.82% -4.35%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £406
90th Percentile £700 £700 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £588 £550
% change year-on-year -6.38% +6.82% -4.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £35.00 -
UK median hourly rate - £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,306 28,569 30,606
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.22% 32.11% 32.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,562 18,726 20,265
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £250 £281 £265
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 870 909 953
Median hourly rate £24.70 £21.00 £21.79
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.62% -3.63% +8.95%
10th Percentile £12.49 £11.85 £11.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.28 £20.75 £21.73
% change year-on-year +21.83% -4.49% +9.97%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +117 201 £575 -4.17% 72
North of England +58 33 £470 -27.69% 12
South East +50 32 £550 +2.56% 18
Midlands +65 22 £500 -1.96% 9
North West +47 16 £420 -35.38% 6
West Midlands +55 13 £500 -1.96% 1
Yorkshire +55 10 £463 -11.90% 4
East Midlands +37 9 £450 -4.76% 8
North East +15 7 £500 -23.08% 2
South West +10 6 £500 -23.08% 6
East of England +36 2 - - 5
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 187 (63.39%) AWS
2 152 (51.53%) DevOps
3 134 (45.42%) Azure
4 128 (43.39%) Kubernetes
5 127 (43.05%) Microservices
6 113 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
7 99 (33.56%) Docker
8 86 (29.15%) Terraform
9 83 (28.14%) Git (software)
10 78 (26.44%) Java
11 69 (23.39%) .NET
12 67 (22.71%) Node.js
13 59 (20.00%) Ansible
13 59 (20.00%) Serverless
14 58 (19.66%) Python
15 57 (19.32%) Security Cleared
16 56 (18.98%) Jenkins
17 53 (17.97%) Linux
18 51 (17.29%) GCP
19 50 (16.95%) SC Cleared
20 49 (16.61%) JavaScript
21 42 (14.24%) JIRA
22 41 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
22 41 (13.90%) Windows
22 41 (13.90%) Microsoft
22 41 (13.90%) Migration
22 41 (13.90%) GitHub
23 40 (13.56%) The Twelve-Factor App
23 40 (13.56%) Infrastructure as Code
24 38 (12.88%) C#

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (8.81%) Cloud Foundry
2 18 (6.10%) Elasticsearch
3 17 (5.76%) Confluence
4 8 (2.71%) Apache
5 5 (1.69%) Apache Spark
6 4 (1.36%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.68%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.34%) JBoss
8 1 (0.34%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.34%) nginx
8 1 (0.34%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.34%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.34%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 2 (0.68%) Oracle Applications
2 1 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 187 (63.39%) AWS
2 134 (45.42%) Azure
3 59 (20.00%) Serverless
4 51 (17.29%) GCP
5 41 (13.90%) GitHub
6 36 (12.20%) IaaS
6 36 (12.20%) SaaS
7 35 (11.86%) PaaS
8 33 (11.19%) Amazon S3
9 27 (9.15%) AWS CloudFormation
10 22 (7.46%) AWS Lambda
11 20 (6.78%) Amazon EC2
11 20 (6.78%) Amazon ECS
11 20 (6.78%) Amazon EKS
12 19 (6.44%) Azure Active Directory
13 14 (4.75%) OpenShift
13 14 (4.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 11 (3.73%) Apigee
15 10 (3.39%) Amazon SQS
15 10 (3.39%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 17 (5.76%) DNS
2 11 (3.73%) DHCP
3 5 (1.69%) VPN
4 4 (1.36%) Firewall
4 4 (1.36%) Kerberos
4 4 (1.36%) Network Security
4 4 (1.36%) OpenVPN
5 2 (0.68%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.34%) DMZ
6 1 (0.34%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (7.80%) NoSQL
2 22 (7.46%) MySQL
3 20 (6.78%) SQL Server
4 19 (6.44%) MongoDB
5 17 (5.76%) Amazon RDS
6 15 (5.08%) Relational Database
7 12 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
8 11 (3.73%) Big Data
8 11 (3.73%) MariaDB
9 10 (3.39%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (3.39%) Data Lake
10 9 (3.05%) Amazon Redshift
10 9 (3.05%) Redis
11 7 (2.37%) Amazon Athena
11 7 (2.37%) Cosmos DB
11 7 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (2.37%) Hadoop
11 7 (2.37%) Neo4j
12 6 (2.03%) SAP HANA
13 5 (1.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 83 (28.14%) Git (software)
2 56 (18.98%) Jenkins
3 42 (14.24%) JIRA
4 36 (12.20%) GitLab
5 27 (9.15%) Artifactory
6 17 (5.76%) Sonatype Nexus
7 15 (5.08%) TeamCity
8 14 (4.75%) CircleCI
9 11 (3.73%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (3.39%) Visual Studio
11 9 (3.05%) Subversion
12 7 (2.37%) Snyk
13 6 (2.03%) Visual Studio Team System
14 5 (1.69%) Babel
14 5 (1.69%) webpack
15 4 (1.36%) Maven
16 3 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
17 2 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 2 (0.68%) Cucumber
17 2 (0.68%) SonarQube
General
1 31 (10.51%) Public Sector
2 30 (10.17%) Finance
3 15 (5.08%) Banking
4 4 (1.36%) Automotive
4 4 (1.36%) Back Office
5 3 (1.02%) Front Office
5 3 (1.02%) Retail
6 2 (0.68%) Investment Banking
6 2 (0.68%) Police
7 1 (0.34%) Billing
7 1 (0.34%) Local Government
7 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.34%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 82 (27.80%) Developer
2 70 (23.73%) Architect
3 49 (16.61%) DevOps Engineer
4 34 (11.53%) Cloud Architect
5 24 (8.14%) AWS Engineer
6 22 (7.46%) Cloud Engineer
7 20 (6.78%) .NET Developer
7 20 (6.78%) AWS Architect
8 19 (6.44%) Cloud Developer
9 17 (5.76%) Solutions Architect
10 16 (5.42%) Java Developer
10 16 (5.42%) Platform Engineer
11 15 (5.08%) AWS Developer
11 15 (5.08%) AWS DevOps
11 15 (5.08%) Azure Engineer
12 12 (4.07%) Senior Developer
13 11 (3.73%) Azure Architect
13 11 (3.73%) Cloud Native Engineer
14 10 (3.39%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 10 (3.39%) Cloud Native Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (23.39%) .NET
2 67 (22.71%) Node.js
3 37 (12.54%) Spring
4 32 (10.85%) Kafka
5 31 (10.51%) Spring Boot
6 20 (6.78%) React
6 20 (6.78%) RESTful
7 19 (6.44%) CSS
7 19 (6.44%) Web Services
8 17 (5.76%) YAML
9 15 (5.08%) HTML
10 14 (4.75%) .NET Framework
11 13 (4.41%) REST
12 12 (4.07%) OAuth
13 11 (3.73%) AngularJS
13 11 (3.73%) hapi
13 11 (3.73%) HTML5
14 10 (3.39%) Vue.js
15 9 (3.05%) Elastic Stack
16 8 (2.71%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 22 (7.46%) Public Cloud
2 16 (5.42%) Greenfield Project
3 14 (4.75%) Data Centre
3 14 (4.75%) Hybrid Cloud
4 11 (3.73%) User Experience
5 8 (2.71%) Analytical Skills
6 7 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
6 7 (2.37%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.37%) Mobile App
7 6 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (1.69%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.69%) PKI
9 4 (1.36%) Algorithms
10 3 (1.02%) Fixed Income
10 3 (1.02%) Hedge funds
10 3 (1.02%) Video\Live Streaming
11 1 (0.34%) Cybercrime
11 1 (0.34%) Derivative
11 1 (0.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 1 (0.34%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 53 (17.97%) Linux
2 41 (13.90%) Windows
3 14 (4.75%) CentOS
3 14 (4.75%) CoreOS
3 14 (4.75%) Unix
4 9 (3.05%) Windows Server
5 6 (2.03%) Debian
6 2 (0.68%) AIX
6 2 (0.68%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 2 (0.68%) SUSE
6 2 (0.68%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 152 (51.53%) DevOps
2 127 (43.05%) Microservices
3 113 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
4 41 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
4 41 (13.90%) Migration
5 40 (13.56%) Infrastructure as Code
5 40 (13.56%) The Twelve-Factor App
6 33 (11.19%) Test Automation
7 28 (9.49%) Continuous Delivery
7 28 (9.49%) Scrum
8 24 (8.14%) TDD
9 22 (7.46%) Infrastructure Automation
10 21 (7.12%) Deployment Automation
10 21 (7.12%) Software Engineering
11 19 (6.44%) Open Source
11 19 (6.44%) Pair Programming
12 18 (6.10%) SOA
13 17 (5.76%) Analytics
14 16 (5.42%) Immutable Infrastructure
15 15 (5.08%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 78 (26.44%) Java
2 58 (19.66%) Python
3 49 (16.61%) JavaScript
4 38 (12.88%) C#
5 36 (12.20%) PowerShell
6 33 (11.19%) SQL
7 25 (8.47%) Bash Shell
7 25 (8.47%) Go
8 14 (4.75%) Rust
9 9 (3.05%) R
10 7 (2.37%) Ruby
11 6 (2.03%) ES6
11 6 (2.03%) Shell Script
11 6 (2.03%) TypeScript
12 5 (1.69%) C++
13 4 (1.36%) C
13 4 (1.36%) Groovy
13 4 (1.36%) PHP
14 3 (1.02%) ES7
14 3 (1.02%) ES8
Qualifications
1 57 (19.32%) Security Cleared
2 50 (16.95%) SC Cleared
3 7 (2.37%) AWS Certification
4 3 (1.02%) CISSP
4 3 (1.02%) Degree
4 3 (1.02%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.34%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 1 (0.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.34%) GIAC
6 1 (0.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 1 (0.34%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.34%) MCSA
6 1 (0.34%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.69%) QA
2 4 (1.36%) NIST
3 3 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.68%) COBIT
4 2 (0.68%) SLA
5 1 (0.34%) GDPR
5 1 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.34%) PSD2
System Software
1 99 (33.56%) Docker
2 21 (7.12%) Active Directory
3 14 (4.75%) vSphere
4 9 (3.05%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (1.69%) Hyper-V
6 4 (1.36%) Microsoft App-V
6 4 (1.36%) XenApp
7 1 (0.34%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 1 (0.34%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 128 (43.39%) Kubernetes
2 86 (29.15%) Terraform
3 59 (20.00%) Ansible
4 14 (4.75%) Kibana
5 9 (3.05%) Puppet
6 8 (2.71%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (2.71%) Prometheus
7 5 (1.69%) logstash
7 5 (1.69%) Packer
7 5 (1.69%) Sysdig
8 2 (0.68%) Grafana
8 2 (0.68%) Nessus
8 2 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.34%) Nagios
9 1 (0.34%) SCCM
9 1 (0.34%) SCOM
Vendors
1 41 (13.90%) Microsoft
2 25 (8.47%) Google
3 14 (4.75%) Confluent
3 14 (4.75%) Veracode
4 13 (4.41%) Atlassian
5 11 (3.73%) Oracle
6 10 (3.39%) VMware
7 8 (2.71%) SAP
8 7 (2.37%) Splunk
9 4 (1.36%) Citrix
9 4 (1.36%) Ping Identity
9 4 (1.36%) Red Hat
10 3 (1.02%) BiZZdesign
11 2 (0.68%) Cloudera
11 2 (0.68%) IBM
11 2 (0.68%) MuleSoft
11 2 (0.68%) Qualys
11 2 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.68%) TOWER Software
12 1 (0.34%) PagerDuty