Period
to 16 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 536 749 842
Rank change year-on-year +213 +93 -
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 341 112 27
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.36% 0.12% 0.028%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.07% 0.35% 0.085%
Number of daily rates quoted 232 80 17
England median daily rate £550 £550 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +22.22% -
10th Percentile £413 £374 £401
90th Percentile £675 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £538 £550 £450
% change year-on-year -2.27% +22.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
England median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 31,878 31,907 31,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.45% 33.79% 33.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,282 21,417 20,726
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £284 £263 £250
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 943 908 1,105
England median hourly rate £20.25 £20.66 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.98% +3.28% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.15 £11.25 £11.32
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.83 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £20.25 £20.94 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.30% +4.68% +5.12%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +175 225 £550 -4.35% 47
South East +33 70 £537 +7.45% 10
North of England +1 22 £500 -16.67% 15
Yorkshire -1 14 £500 +2.56% 5
Midlands -14 14 £510 -7.27% 4
West Midlands - 10 £510 - 3
South West -31 7 £425 +9.68% 4
North West -6 6 £375 -37.50% 9
East Midlands +6 3 £461 -16.14% 1
East of England -1 2 £643 +16.82% 3
North East -8 2 £475 - 1
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 215 (63.05%) Amazon AWS
2 196 (57.48%) DevOps
3 130 (38.12%) Docker
4 110 (32.26%) Terraform
5 109 (31.96%) Microsoft Azure
6 108 (31.67%) Agile Software Development
7 94 (27.57%) Java
8 93 (27.27%) Microservices
9 88 (25.81%) Linux
10 84 (24.63%) Kubernetes
11 68 (19.94%) Ansible
12 66 (19.35%) Jenkins
13 65 (19.06%) Python
14 62 (18.18%) TDD
15 60 (17.60%) Serverless
16 57 (16.72%) Deployment Automation
16 57 (16.72%) Continuous Delivery
17 52 (15.25%) JavaScript
18 49 (14.37%) Finance
19 48 (14.08%) SQL
19 48 (14.08%) Greenfield Project
20 46 (13.49%) Puppet
21 44 (12.90%) AWS Lambda
22 43 (12.61%) PaaS
23 41 (12.02%) Microsoft
24 40 (11.73%) Amazon S3
25 39 (11.44%) Amazon RDS
25 39 (11.44%) AWS CloudFormation
25 39 (11.44%) Unix
26 38 (11.14%) Security Cleared

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (10.26%) Elasticsearch
2 13 (3.81%) Cloud Foundry
2 13 (3.81%) Confluence
3 12 (3.52%) nginx
4 10 (2.93%) Apache
5 7 (2.05%) Traefik
6 5 (1.47%) CMS
6 5 (1.47%) OpenStack
7 4 (1.17%) Tomcat
8 3 (0.88%) Magnolia
8 3 (0.88%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.59%) Anypoint
9 2 (0.59%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.59%) IIS
9 2 (0.59%) JBoss
9 2 (0.59%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.59%) OpenWhisk
10 1 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.29%) Hubot
10 1 (0.29%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (1.17%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.59%) HipChat
3 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.88%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 215 (63.05%) Amazon AWS
2 109 (31.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (17.60%) Serverless
4 44 (12.90%) AWS Lambda
5 43 (12.61%) PaaS
6 40 (11.73%) Amazon S3
7 39 (11.44%) AWS CloudFormation
8 36 (10.56%) Google Cloud Platform
9 29 (8.50%) Amazon EC2
9 29 (8.50%) IaaS
10 25 (7.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 24 (7.04%) Amazon Glacier
12 22 (6.45%) SaaS
13 17 (4.99%) Route 53
14 15 (4.40%) Azure Active Directory
15 14 (4.11%) GitHub
16 13 (3.81%) Amazon SQS
17 11 (3.23%) AWS CloudTrail
18 8 (2.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 8 (2.35%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 22 (6.45%) DNS
2 19 (5.57%) Firewall
3 14 (4.11%) Network Security
4 12 (3.52%) SSL
4 12 (3.52%) TCP/IP
5 11 (3.23%) VPN
6 10 (2.93%) Intrusion Detection
6 10 (2.93%) LAN
6 10 (2.93%) WAN
6 10 (2.93%) Wireless
6 10 (2.93%) WLAN
7 7 (2.05%) HTTP
8 3 (0.88%) NetScaler
9 2 (0.59%) IPsec
10 1 (0.29%) 2.5G
10 1 (0.29%) 2G
10 1 (0.29%) 5G
10 1 (0.29%) DKIM
10 1 (0.29%) DMARC
10 1 (0.29%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (11.44%) Amazon RDS
2 24 (7.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 21 (6.16%) Relational Database
4 15 (4.40%) MongoDB
5 13 (3.81%) MySQL
6 12 (3.52%) Big Data
6 12 (3.52%) NoSQL
7 11 (3.23%) SQL Server
8 9 (2.64%) PostgreSQL
9 8 (2.35%) Data Lake
9 8 (2.35%) Redis
10 7 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (2.05%) Power BI
10 7 (2.05%) RDBMS
11 6 (1.76%) Hadoop
12 3 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
12 3 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
13 2 (0.59%) Squirro
14 1 (0.29%) Cosmos DB
14 1 (0.29%) HBase
Development Applications
1 66 (19.35%) Jenkins
2 33 (9.68%) Git (software)
3 24 (7.04%) Maven
4 18 (5.28%) JIRA
5 15 (4.40%) Visual Studio Team System
6 11 (3.23%) Cucumber
7 9 (2.64%) CircleCI
7 9 (2.64%) IntelliJ
8 8 (2.35%) Travis CI
9 7 (2.05%) Babel
9 7 (2.05%) webpack
10 6 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (1.76%) Gradle
11 5 (1.47%) Bitbucket
11 5 (1.47%) TeamCity
12 4 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
13 3 (0.88%) GitLab
13 3 (0.88%) SonarQube
13 3 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 49 (14.37%) Finance
2 34 (9.97%) Telecoms
3 13 (3.81%) Retail
4 12 (3.52%) Legal
5 6 (1.76%) Front Office
6 5 (1.47%) Banking
7 2 (0.59%) Advertising
7 2 (0.59%) Billing
8 1 (0.29%) Back Office
8 1 (0.29%) Electronics
8 1 (0.29%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.29%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 96 (28.15%) Architect
2 90 (26.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 84 (24.63%) Developer
4 62 (18.18%) AWS Engineer
5 56 (16.42%) Java Developer
6 51 (14.96%) AWS DevOps
7 47 (13.78%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 41 (12.02%) Cloud Architect
9 32 (9.38%) Cloud Engineer
10 26 (7.62%) Azure Architect
11 20 (5.87%) Security Architect
12 17 (4.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 14 (4.11%) Software Engineer
14 13 (3.81%) AWS Architect
14 13 (3.81%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
15 12 (3.52%) Infrastructure Architect
15 12 (3.52%) JavaScript Developer
16 10 (2.93%) Java Engineer
16 10 (2.93%) Solutions Architect
17 9 (2.64%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (10.26%) AngularJS
1 35 (10.26%) Spring
2 30 (8.80%) Web Services
3 29 (8.50%) Spring Boot
4 28 (8.21%) Node.js
5 23 (6.74%) OAuth
5 23 (6.74%) React
6 21 (6.16%) OpenID
6 21 (6.16%) Redux
7 20 (5.87%) .NET
8 15 (4.40%) CSS
9 14 (4.11%) RESTful
10 13 (3.81%) Vue.js
11 12 (3.52%) Elastic Stack
11 12 (3.52%) HTML
11 12 (3.52%) SAML
12 11 (3.23%) Kafka
13 10 (2.93%) .NET Core
13 10 (2.93%) Angular 2
14 9 (2.64%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 48 (14.08%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (7.33%) Algorithms
2 25 (7.33%) Analytical Skills
3 21 (6.16%) Mobile App
4 20 (5.87%) Data Structures
5 15 (4.40%) Public Cloud
6 14 (4.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 12 (3.52%) Management Information System
8 11 (3.23%) Enterprise Cloud
9 8 (2.35%) Data Centre
10 7 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
10 7 (2.05%) Fintech
11 6 (1.76%) Hybrid Cloud
12 5 (1.47%) Equities
12 5 (1.47%) Fixed Income
12 5 (1.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 5 (1.47%) Replication
13 3 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
13 3 (0.88%) User Experience
14 2 (0.59%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 88 (25.81%) Linux
2 39 (11.44%) Unix
3 26 (7.62%) Android
3 26 (7.62%) Apple iOS
4 23 (6.74%) Windows
5 8 (2.35%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.88%) AIX
7 2 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.59%) Solaris
8 1 (0.29%) CentOS
8 1 (0.29%) VMS
8 1 (0.29%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 196 (57.48%) DevOps
2 108 (31.67%) Agile Software Development
3 93 (27.27%) Microservices
4 62 (18.18%) TDD
5 57 (16.72%) Continuous Delivery
5 57 (16.72%) Deployment Automation
6 37 (10.85%) Migration
7 35 (10.26%) Software Engineering
8 34 (9.97%) Open Source
9 33 (9.68%) BDD
10 32 (9.38%) Test Automation
11 31 (9.09%) OO
12 30 (8.80%) Configuration Management
12 30 (8.80%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 29 (8.50%) Pair Programming
14 26 (7.62%) Analytics
14 26 (7.62%) Continuous Integration
15 25 (7.33%) SOA
16 21 (6.16%) Kalman Filter
16 21 (6.16%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 94 (27.57%) Java
2 65 (19.06%) Python
3 52 (15.25%) JavaScript
4 48 (14.08%) SQL
5 37 (10.85%) C#
6 34 (9.97%) TypeScript
7 24 (7.04%) Java 8
8 21 (6.16%) C++
9 20 (5.87%) Apple Swift
9 20 (5.87%) Rust
10 15 (4.40%) PowerShell
11 12 (3.52%) Go
12 11 (3.23%) PHP
13 8 (2.35%) Bash Shell
13 8 (2.35%) ES6
13 8 (2.35%) Ruby
13 8 (2.35%) Scala
14 7 (2.05%) PHP 7
15 4 (1.17%) Kotlin
15 4 (1.17%) R
Qualifications
1 38 (11.14%) Security Cleared
2 37 (10.85%) SC Cleared
3 26 (7.62%) Degree
4 18 (5.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.76%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.47%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.47%) CISSP
6 5 (1.47%) TOGAF Certification
7 2 (0.59%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 2 (0.59%) CCSP
7 2 (0.59%) CGEIT
7 2 (0.59%) CISA
7 2 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.59%) CISM
7 2 (0.59%) ISSAP
7 2 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
7 2 (0.59%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.29%) CRISC
8 1 (0.29%) MCITP
8 1 (0.29%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.23%) FedRAMP
1 11 (3.23%) HIPAA
2 10 (2.93%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 5 (1.47%) GDPR
3 5 (1.47%) QA
4 2 (0.59%) SLA
5 1 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.29%) FISMA
5 1 (0.29%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 130 (38.12%) Docker
2 17 (4.99%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.29%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.29%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
4 1 (0.29%) vSphere
4 1 (0.29%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 110 (32.26%) Terraform
2 84 (24.63%) Kubernetes
3 68 (19.94%) Ansible
4 46 (13.49%) Puppet
5 38 (11.14%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (3.81%) Salt
7 11 (3.23%) Packer
8 10 (2.93%) CASB
8 10 (2.93%) Grafana
8 10 (2.93%) Prometheus
9 9 (2.64%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (2.05%) Graphite
11 3 (0.88%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.59%) Istio
12 2 (0.59%) Mesos
12 2 (0.59%) Rancher
12 2 (0.59%) yum
13 1 (0.29%) Consul
13 1 (0.29%) rkt
13 1 (0.29%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 41 (12.02%) Microsoft
2 23 (6.74%) Oracle
3 21 (6.16%) Google
4 12 (3.52%) SaltStack
5 11 (3.23%) Atlassian
6 10 (2.93%) Okta
7 5 (1.47%) IBM
7 5 (1.47%) Splunk
8 4 (1.17%) Red Hat
8 4 (1.17%) VMware
9 3 (0.88%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.88%) Cisco
9 3 (0.88%) MuleSoft
9 3 (0.88%) SAP
10 2 (0.59%) Mashery
10 2 (0.59%) Perforce
10 2 (0.59%) Rackspace
10 2 (0.59%) Sonatype
11 1 (0.29%) Cadence
11 1 (0.29%) Teradata