Period
to 27 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 231 283 463
Rank change year-on-year +52 +180 +69
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 859 316 277
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.23% 0.91% 0.43%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.95% 2.85% 1.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 602 175 163
10th Percentile £463 £413 £431
25th Percentile £531 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £639 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +21.67% -8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £734 £644 £663
90th Percentile £817 £758 £768
UK median daily rate £625 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +19.05% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 0
Median hourly rate - £48.75 -
UK median hourly rate - £44.50 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,763 11,078 18,704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.16% 31.81% 28.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,553 7,550 12,424
10th Percentile £300 £256 £261
25th Percentile £419 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.68% - -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £470
% change year-on-year +10.53% +1.06% -1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 618 439 732
10th Percentile £12.48 £12.50 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.00 £17.25 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.77 £26.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.77% +29.27% +1.23%
75th Percentile £49.25 £46.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £65.15 £58.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £26.27 £21.00
% change year-on-year +0.88% +25.10% +5.00%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +27 582 £663 +16.48% 189
South East -49 50 £575 +15.00% 29
North of England -23 47 £575 +9.52% 38
East of England -24 29 £500 -0.74% 21
Midlands -46 21 £500 +11.11% 26
Yorkshire -17 20 £575 +3.14% 15
South West -52 20 £556 +18.98% 6
North East +8 17 £588 +2.17% 3
North West -37 15 £575 +16.16% 20
West Midlands -39 12 £500 +11.11% 16
East Midlands -22 8 £539 - 10
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 498 (57.97%) AWS
2 459 (53.43%) DevOps
3 431 (50.17%) Azure
4 354 (41.21%) Kubernetes
5 347 (40.40%) CI/CD
6 325 (37.83%) Microservices
7 323 (37.60%) Agile Software Development
8 280 (32.60%) Terraform
9 258 (30.03%) Docker
10 225 (26.19%) Python
11 212 (24.68%) Java
12 174 (20.26%) Infrastructure as Code
13 173 (20.14%) Finance
14 167 (19.44%) GCP
15 156 (18.16%) Social Skills
16 150 (17.46%) Software Engineering
17 141 (16.41%) Serverless
18 137 (15.95%) Jenkins
19 125 (14.55%) Migration
20 121 (14.09%) Microsoft
21 120 (13.97%) Kafka
22 119 (13.85%) JavaScript
22 119 (13.85%) Scrum
23 111 (12.92%) AWS CloudFormation
24 110 (12.81%) Git (software)
25 108 (12.57%) PowerShell
26 104 (12.11%) Linux
27 103 (11.99%) SQL
28 102 (11.87%) Ansible
29 93 (10.83%) TDD

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (3.14%) IIS
2 26 (3.03%) BizTalk Server
3 20 (2.33%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.21%) Apache
5 15 (1.75%) Confluence
6 11 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (1.28%) nginx
7 9 (1.05%) Apache Airflow
7 9 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
8 6 (0.70%) OpenStack
8 6 (0.70%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.58%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.35%) IBM Domino
10 3 (0.35%) JBoss
11 2 (0.23%) Apache Pig
11 2 (0.23%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.23%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.23%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.23%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 6 (0.70%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.23%) Aligne
2 2 (0.23%) Endur
2 2 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 498 (57.97%) AWS
2 431 (50.17%) Azure
3 167 (19.44%) GCP
4 141 (16.41%) Serverless
5 111 (12.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 92 (10.71%) AWS Lambda
7 85 (9.90%) SaaS
8 77 (8.96%) GitHub
8 77 (8.96%) PaaS
9 67 (7.80%) IaaS
10 55 (6.40%) Azure Active Directory
11 43 (5.01%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 40 (4.66%) Azure Functions
13 36 (4.19%) Amazon SQS
14 29 (3.38%) Azure Logic Apps
15 27 (3.14%) Azure Storage
15 27 (3.14%) Cloud Computing
16 26 (3.03%) GitHub Actions
17 25 (2.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 23 (2.68%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 28 (3.26%) Firewall
2 18 (2.10%) Network Security
3 16 (1.86%) DNS
4 13 (1.51%) BGP
5 12 (1.40%) VPN
6 11 (1.28%) DHCP
6 11 (1.28%) EIGRP
7 9 (1.05%) WAN
8 6 (0.70%) SD-WAN
9 5 (0.58%) 5G
9 5 (0.58%) HTTP
9 5 (0.58%) Internet
10 4 (0.47%) 2G
10 4 (0.47%) IPv6
10 4 (0.47%) NetScaler
11 3 (0.35%) NAS
11 3 (0.35%) NGN
11 3 (0.35%) OSPF
11 3 (0.35%) SAN
11 3 (0.35%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (9.31%) PostgreSQL
2 64 (7.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 56 (6.52%) SQL Server
4 54 (6.29%) NoSQL
5 51 (5.94%) MongoDB
6 48 (5.59%) Big Data
7 29 (3.38%) Azure SQL Database
8 28 (3.26%) Hadoop
9 27 (3.14%) Data Lake
10 24 (2.79%) Relational Database
11 22 (2.56%) MySQL
12 17 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
13 16 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
14 15 (1.75%) Power BI
15 14 (1.63%) BigQuery
16 10 (1.16%) Amazon Redshift
17 8 (0.93%) Apache Hive
18 7 (0.81%) Amazon Athena
19 6 (0.70%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 137 (15.95%) Jenkins
2 110 (12.81%) Git (software)
3 68 (7.92%) Gradle
4 46 (5.36%) TeamCity
5 42 (4.89%) JIRA
5 42 (4.89%) SonarQube
6 38 (4.42%) Maven
7 37 (4.31%) Selenium
8 34 (3.96%) Cucumber
8 34 (3.96%) GitLab
9 32 (3.73%) Sonatype Nexus
10 31 (3.61%) Robot Framework
11 21 (2.44%) CircleCI
12 16 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (1.28%) webpack
14 10 (1.16%) Bitbucket
15 8 (0.93%) Subversion
16 7 (0.81%) Cypress.io
16 7 (0.81%) ERwin
16 7 (0.81%) JMeter
General
1 173 (20.14%) Finance
2 156 (18.16%) Social Skills
3 58 (6.75%) Banking
4 51 (5.94%) Analytical Skills
5 42 (4.89%) Front Office
6 41 (4.77%) Presentation Skills
7 38 (4.42%) Public Sector
8 23 (2.68%) Back Office
9 22 (2.56%) Retail
9 22 (2.56%) Telecoms
10 17 (1.98%) Financial Institution
11 16 (1.86%) Legal
12 12 (1.40%) Investment Banking
13 11 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
14 8 (0.93%) Manufacturing
15 7 (0.81%) Billing
15 7 (0.81%) Documentation Skills
15 7 (0.81%) Marketing
16 6 (0.70%) Electronics
17 4 (0.47%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 216 (25.15%) Architect
2 155 (18.04%) Developer
3 102 (11.87%) DevOps Engineer
4 87 (10.13%) AWS Engineer
5 82 (9.55%) Solutions Architect
6 81 (9.43%) Cloud Engineer
7 58 (6.75%) Cloud Architect
8 56 (6.52%) Azure Architect
9 51 (5.94%) Java Engineer
10 46 (5.36%) Java Developer
11 39 (4.54%) Azure Engineer
12 37 (4.31%) Senior Java Engineer
12 37 (4.31%) Site Reliability Engineer
13 34 (3.96%) Full Stack Developer
14 32 (3.73%) AWS Architect
14 32 (3.73%) Site Engineer
15 29 (3.38%) Technical Architect
16 28 (3.26%) Data Engineer
16 28 (3.26%) Senior DevOps
17 25 (2.91%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (13.97%) Kafka
2 82 (9.55%) React
3 76 (8.85%) .NET
4 64 (7.45%) Node.js
5 59 (6.87%) Spring
6 56 (6.52%) REST
7 49 (5.70%) gRPC
7 49 (5.70%) HTML
8 47 (5.47%) CSS
9 44 (5.12%) JSON
10 42 (4.89%) Spring Boot
11 36 (4.19%) .NET Core
12 28 (3.26%) RESTful
13 27 (3.14%) AngularJS
14 20 (2.33%) SOAP
14 20 (2.33%) Web Services
15 17 (1.98%) ADO
15 17 (1.98%) Jest
16 16 (1.86%) XML
17 15 (1.75%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 88 (10.24%) Public Cloud
2 35 (4.07%) Legacy Systems
3 33 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (2.91%) Hybrid Cloud
5 24 (2.79%) User Experience
6 23 (2.68%) Data Centre
7 19 (2.21%) Management Information System
8 17 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (1.98%) Private Cloud
9 16 (1.86%) Blog
9 16 (1.86%) Legacy Applications
10 15 (1.75%) Mobile App
10 15 (1.75%) Robotics
11 14 (1.63%) Credit Risk
11 14 (1.63%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.51%) Hedge funds
12 13 (1.51%) Virtual Team
13 11 (1.28%) Algorithms
13 11 (1.28%) iPad
14 9 (1.05%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 104 (12.11%) Linux
2 79 (9.20%) Unix
3 75 (8.73%) Windows
4 26 (3.03%) Windows Server
5 6 (0.70%) CentOS
6 4 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.35%) Alpine Linux
7 3 (0.35%) Debian
8 2 (0.23%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.12%) Android
9 1 (0.12%) CatOS
9 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 459 (53.43%) DevOps
2 347 (40.40%) CI/CD
3 325 (37.83%) Microservices
4 323 (37.60%) Agile Software Development
5 174 (20.26%) Infrastructure as Code
6 150 (17.46%) Software Engineering
7 125 (14.55%) Migration
8 119 (13.85%) Scrum
9 93 (10.83%) TDD
10 92 (10.71%) SDLC
11 90 (10.48%) Full Stack Development
12 87 (10.13%) Test Automation
13 76 (8.85%) Problem-Solving
14 68 (7.92%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 67 (7.80%) Analytics
16 63 (7.33%) Clean Code
17 62 (7.22%) Configuration Management
17 62 (7.22%) Project Delivery
18 61 (7.10%) Fintech
19 60 (6.98%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 225 (26.19%) Python
2 212 (24.68%) Java
3 119 (13.85%) JavaScript
4 108 (12.57%) PowerShell
5 103 (11.99%) SQL
6 93 (10.83%) Bash
7 76 (8.85%) Go
8 63 (7.33%) C#
9 53 (6.17%) TypeScript
10 35 (4.07%) C++
11 30 (3.49%) PL/SQL
12 29 (3.38%) Ruby
13 24 (2.79%) T-SQL
14 20 (2.33%) C
14 20 (2.33%) Kotlin
15 18 (2.10%) Groovy
15 18 (2.10%) Scala
16 17 (1.98%) Shell Script
17 14 (1.63%) Perl
18 9 (1.05%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 62 (7.22%) Security Cleared
2 46 (5.36%) SC Cleared
3 38 (4.42%) AWS Certification
4 20 (2.33%) Cisco Certification
5 14 (1.63%) CISSP
6 13 (1.51%) Degree
7 11 (1.28%) CCNP
8 9 (1.05%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 9 (1.05%) CCSP
8 9 (1.05%) DV Cleared
8 9 (1.05%) GIAC
9 6 (0.70%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.47%) AAT
10 4 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.47%) CISM
11 3 (0.35%) CCIE
12 2 (0.23%) CESG Certified Professional
12 2 (0.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 2 (0.23%) SANS
12 2 (0.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.14%) QA
2 24 (2.79%) GDPR
3 8 (0.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.70%) SLA
5 5 (0.58%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.47%) HIPAA
6 4 (0.47%) NIST
6 4 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.23%) JSP 440
7 2 (0.23%) RMADS
7 2 (0.23%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.12%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.12%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 258 (30.03%) Docker
2 65 (7.57%) Active Directory
3 20 (2.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (2.10%) Hyper-V
5 15 (1.75%) Microsoft App-V
6 8 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
7 4 (0.47%) XenApp
8 3 (0.35%) vCloud
8 3 (0.35%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.23%) HDFS
9 2 (0.23%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 354 (41.21%) Kubernetes
2 280 (32.60%) Terraform
3 102 (11.87%) Ansible
4 48 (5.59%) Puppet
5 26 (3.03%) Istio
6 23 (2.68%) Netcool
7 20 (2.33%) Grafana
7 20 (2.33%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (2.21%) Prometheus
9 12 (1.40%) Consul
10 6 (0.70%) Kibana
10 6 (0.70%) Packer
11 5 (0.58%) CASB
11 5 (0.58%) Salt
12 4 (0.47%) HP Fortify
12 4 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.23%) Control-M
13 2 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.23%) vRealize
14 1 (0.12%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 121 (14.09%) Microsoft
2 76 (8.85%) Google
2 76 (8.85%) Oracle
3 30 (3.49%) VMware
4 29 (3.38%) MuleSoft
4 29 (3.38%) Splunk
5 28 (3.26%) Cloudera
6 24 (2.79%) New Relic
7 23 (2.68%) AppDynamics
8 21 (2.44%) SAP
9 17 (1.98%) Databricks
10 13 (1.51%) Red Hat
11 12 (1.40%) Cadence
11 12 (1.40%) Cisco
11 12 (1.40%) Dell
12 10 (1.16%) Citrix
12 10 (1.16%) Informatica
13 8 (0.93%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.81%) ServiceNow
14 7 (0.81%) Sparx