Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 224 219 339
Rank change year-on-year -5 +120 +162
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 879 637 244
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.22% 1.21% 0.66%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.75% 3.89% 2.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 630 409 160
10th Percentile £485 £440 £419
25th Percentile £556 £491 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £650 £550 £558
Median % change year-on-year +18.18% -1.35% -7.08%
75th Percentile £775 £645 £645
90th Percentile £863 £733 £763
UK median daily rate £625 £550 £558
% change year-on-year +13.64% -1.35% -7.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 0
10th Percentile - £31.00 -
25th Percentile £61.81 £41.88 -
Median hourly rate £63.62 £60.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +6.03% - -
75th Percentile £65.42 - -
90th Percentile - - -
UK median hourly rate £63.62 £60.00 -
% change year-on-year +6.03% - -

Cloud Native is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,420 16,389 11,492
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.50% 31.09% 31.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,812 11,114 7,721
10th Percentile £313 £300 £268
25th Percentile £438 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £675 £619 £605
90th Percentile £775 £713 £720
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 603 611 407
10th Percentile £14.50 £12.02 £12.60
25th Percentile £17.56 £15.91 £16.00
Median hourly rate £26.50 £25.00 £24.70
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% +1.21% +17.62%
75th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £46.25
90th Percentile £67.47 £60.00 £53.85
UK median hourly rate £26.74 £25.00 £24.86
% change year-on-year +6.96% +0.58% +19.18%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -1 604 £663 +15.22% 139
South East -9 73 £620 +10.86% 13
North of England -27 54 £613 +7.46% 39
North West -10 43 £606 +15.48% 22
Midlands +1 39 £500 -20.63% 15
East of England -26 36 £622 +17.61% 10
West Midlands -4 33 £500 +94.17% 14
Yorkshire -25 15 £650 +15.04% 13
South West -34 14 £500 +5.26% 12
North East -9 8 £675 +8.87% 4
East Midlands -4 5 £700 +2.71% 1
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 485 (55.18%) AWS
2 423 (48.12%) Azure
3 418 (47.55%) DevOps
4 404 (45.96%) Kubernetes
5 360 (40.96%) Agile
6 355 (40.39%) CI/CD
7 290 (32.99%) Microservices
8 275 (31.29%) Terraform
9 262 (29.81%) Docker
10 235 (26.73%) Python
11 231 (26.28%) Java
12 189 (21.50%) Social Skills
13 188 (21.39%) Kafka
14 183 (20.82%) Finance
15 173 (19.68%) Infrastructure as Code
16 163 (18.54%) Jenkins
17 162 (18.43%) Serverless
18 160 (18.20%) Software Engineering
19 147 (16.72%) SQL
20 145 (16.50%) GCP
21 136 (15.47%) Microsoft
22 129 (14.68%) Scrum
23 126 (14.33%) Azure DevOps
24 118 (13.42%) React
25 112 (12.74%) Migration
25 112 (12.74%) .NET
26 106 (12.06%) JavaScript
27 101 (11.49%) Ansible
28 96 (10.92%) Go
29 95 (10.81%) Linux

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (4.78%) Apache Spark
2 30 (3.41%) Confluence
3 24 (2.73%) Apache
4 15 (1.71%) nginx
5 12 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
5 12 (1.37%) IIS
6 10 (1.14%) BizTalk Server
7 9 (1.02%) OpenStack
8 8 (0.91%) Tomcat
8 8 (0.91%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 6 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.46%) Apache Solr
11 4 (0.46%) JBoss
12 3 (0.34%) CMS
13 2 (0.23%) Apache Pig
14 1 (0.11%) ColdFusion
14 1 (0.11%) GeoServer
14 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (0.34%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.11%) Endur
3 1 (0.11%) Oracle BRM
3 1 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 485 (55.18%) AWS
2 423 (48.12%) Azure
3 162 (18.43%) Serverless
4 145 (16.50%) GCP
5 126 (14.33%) Azure DevOps
6 87 (9.90%) AWS Lambda
7 71 (8.08%) SaaS
8 66 (7.51%) GitHub
9 64 (7.28%) AWS CloudFormation
10 62 (7.05%) PaaS
11 51 (5.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 50 (5.69%) OpenShift
13 44 (5.01%) Azure AKS
14 38 (4.32%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 38 (4.32%) Azure Monitor
14 38 (4.32%) IaaS
15 35 (3.98%) Azure Functions
16 34 (3.87%) Azure Active Directory
17 33 (3.75%) Amazon S3
18 28 (3.19%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 43 (4.89%) DNS
2 37 (4.21%) Firewall
3 16 (1.82%) SD-WAN
3 16 (1.82%) WAN
4 15 (1.71%) DHCP
4 15 (1.71%) Network Security
5 12 (1.37%) Internet
5 12 (1.37%) NGN
6 10 (1.14%) TCP/IP
7 9 (1.02%) HTTP
8 7 (0.80%) BGP
8 7 (0.80%) IPv6
9 6 (0.68%) EIGRP
9 6 (0.68%) VPN
10 4 (0.46%) Cisco Firepower
10 4 (0.46%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.46%) MPLS
10 4 (0.46%) OSPF
10 4 (0.46%) VSAN
10 4 (0.46%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (7.51%) NoSQL
2 58 (6.60%) PostgreSQL
3 54 (6.14%) MongoDB
4 38 (4.32%) Elasticsearch
5 36 (4.10%) DynamoDB
5 36 (4.10%) SQL Server
6 35 (3.98%) Azure SQL Database
7 33 (3.75%) Big Data
7 33 (3.75%) Relational Database
8 31 (3.53%) MySQL
9 29 (3.30%) Data Lake
10 22 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
11 20 (2.28%) Power BI
12 19 (2.16%) Hadoop
13 17 (1.93%) Amazon RDS
14 13 (1.48%) BigQuery
15 11 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
15 11 (1.25%) Parquet
16 10 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
17 8 (0.91%) Flink
Development Applications
1 163 (18.54%) Jenkins
2 78 (8.87%) JIRA
3 71 (8.08%) GitLab
4 57 (6.48%) Gradle
5 56 (6.37%) Git (software)
6 42 (4.78%) Maven
7 32 (3.64%) TeamCity
8 28 (3.19%) Sonatype Nexus
9 27 (3.07%) CircleCI
10 26 (2.96%) Selenium
11 21 (2.39%) Cucumber
12 18 (2.05%) SonarQube
13 15 (1.71%) Bitbucket
14 13 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 10 (1.14%) JUnit
16 9 (1.02%) Artifactory
16 9 (1.02%) Robot Framework
17 6 (0.68%) Grunt
17 6 (0.68%) SpecFlow
17 6 (0.68%) webpack
General
1 189 (21.50%) Social Skills
2 183 (20.82%) Finance
3 69 (7.85%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (6.03%) Banking
5 34 (3.87%) Public Sector
6 23 (2.62%) Telecoms
7 21 (2.39%) Presentation Skills
8 19 (2.16%) Financial Institution
9 17 (1.93%) Influencing Skills
9 17 (1.93%) Legal
10 16 (1.82%) Publishing
11 14 (1.59%) Pharmaceutical
12 13 (1.48%) Front Office
13 9 (1.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 9 (1.02%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.91%) Retail
15 7 (0.80%) Back Office
15 7 (0.80%) Law
16 5 (0.57%) Electronics
16 5 (0.57%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 207 (23.55%) Developer
2 171 (19.45%) Architect
3 115 (13.08%) DevOps Engineer
4 65 (7.39%) Solutions Architect
5 64 (7.28%) AWS Engineer
6 59 (6.71%) Software Engineer
7 52 (5.92%) Cloud Engineer
8 51 (5.80%) Java Developer
9 43 (4.89%) Cloud Architect
10 41 (4.66%) Java Engineer
11 39 (4.44%) Senior Developer
12 37 (4.21%) Data Engineer
13 35 (3.98%) Azure Engineer
14 32 (3.64%) AWS Developer
15 29 (3.30%) React Developer
16 28 (3.19%) AWS DevOps
16 28 (3.19%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 27 (3.07%) C# Developer
17 27 (3.07%) Infrastructure Architect
17 27 (3.07%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 188 (21.39%) Kafka
2 118 (13.42%) React
3 112 (12.74%) .NET
4 86 (9.78%) REST
5 83 (9.44%) Spring
6 80 (9.10%) Spring Boot
7 66 (7.51%) Node.js
7 66 (7.51%) RESTful
8 51 (5.80%) .NET Core
9 44 (5.01%) HTML
10 39 (4.44%) CSS
11 29 (3.30%) HTML5
12 28 (3.19%) AngularJS
13 26 (2.96%) Middleware
14 23 (2.62%) Redux
15 22 (2.50%) JSON
15 22 (2.50%) SOAP
15 22 (2.50%) Web Services
16 21 (2.39%) ActiveMQ
16 21 (2.39%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 51 (5.80%) Public Cloud
2 33 (3.75%) Data Centre
3 29 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (3.19%) Legacy Systems
5 26 (2.96%) Virtual Team
6 25 (2.84%) Data Structures
7 21 (2.39%) Hybrid Cloud
8 20 (2.28%) User Experience
9 15 (1.71%) Private Cloud
10 14 (1.59%) Legacy Applications
10 14 (1.59%) Management Information System
11 12 (1.37%) Algorithms
12 11 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
13 10 (1.14%) Data Protection Act
13 10 (1.14%) Mobile App
14 9 (1.02%) Credit Risk
14 9 (1.02%) Renewable Energy
15 8 (0.91%) Enterprise Cloud
15 8 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (0.91%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 95 (10.81%) Linux
2 71 (8.08%) Windows
3 36 (4.10%) Windows Server
4 20 (2.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 20 (2.28%) Unix
5 6 (0.68%) Ubuntu
6 5 (0.57%) Android
6 5 (0.57%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.46%) CentOS
7 4 (0.46%) VMS
8 3 (0.34%) Alpine Linux
8 3 (0.34%) Debian
9 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.11%) CatOS
10 1 (0.11%) Kali Linux
10 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 418 (47.55%) DevOps
2 360 (40.96%) Agile
3 355 (40.39%) CI/CD
4 290 (32.99%) Microservices
5 173 (19.68%) Infrastructure as Code
6 160 (18.20%) Software Engineering
7 129 (14.68%) Scrum
8 112 (12.74%) Migration
9 88 (10.01%) TDD
10 84 (9.56%) Full Stack Development
11 77 (8.76%) Test Automation
12 76 (8.65%) Event-Driven
13 75 (8.53%) SDLC
14 72 (8.19%) Continuous Integration
15 69 (7.85%) Analytics
16 66 (7.51%) Fintech
17 65 (7.39%) Problem-Solving
17 65 (7.39%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 59 (6.71%) Stakeholder Management
19 47 (5.35%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 235 (26.73%) Python
2 231 (26.28%) Java
3 147 (16.72%) SQL
4 106 (12.06%) JavaScript
5 96 (10.92%) Go
6 89 (10.13%) C#
7 74 (8.42%) TypeScript
8 68 (7.74%) PowerShell
9 52 (5.92%) Bash
10 42 (4.78%) C++
11 38 (4.32%) Kotlin
12 33 (3.75%) Scala
13 21 (2.39%) PL/SQL
14 18 (2.05%) Ruby
15 15 (1.71%) Groovy
15 15 (1.71%) Perl
15 15 (1.71%) T-SQL
16 11 (1.25%) ES6
17 9 (1.02%) Shell Script
18 8 (0.91%) PHP
Qualifications
1 50 (5.69%) Security Cleared
2 39 (4.44%) Degree
2 39 (4.44%) SC Cleared
3 25 (2.84%) AWS Certification
4 14 (1.59%) PhD
5 11 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.14%) CISSP
7 9 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.80%) CCNP
8 7 (0.80%) CISM
9 6 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.68%) OCP
9 6 (0.68%) Oracle Certification
9 6 (0.68%) TOGAF Certification
10 5 (0.57%) CCIE
11 4 (0.46%) DV Cleared
11 4 (0.46%) FFIEC
11 4 (0.46%) HND
12 2 (0.23%) CCIE Routing and Switching
12 2 (0.23%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.98%) QA
2 17 (1.93%) GDPR
3 12 (1.37%) NIST
4 11 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.80%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.68%) SOC 2
7 5 (0.57%) PMO
7 5 (0.57%) SLA
8 4 (0.46%) GLBA
9 3 (0.34%) Accessibility
9 3 (0.34%) GRC
9 3 (0.34%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.34%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.23%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.11%) COBIT
11 1 (0.11%) NCSC
System Software
1 262 (29.81%) Docker
2 35 (3.98%) Active Directory
3 29 (3.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (2.16%) Hyper-V
4 19 (2.16%) Microsoft App-V
5 15 (1.71%) XenApp
6 8 (0.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.46%) vSphere
9 3 (0.34%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.23%) BitLocker
10 2 (0.23%) HDFS
10 2 (0.23%) vCloud
10 2 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.11%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 404 (45.96%) Kubernetes
2 275 (31.29%) Terraform
3 101 (11.49%) Ansible
4 60 (6.83%) Prometheus
5 47 (5.35%) Grafana
6 36 (4.10%) Puppet
7 35 (3.98%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (2.84%) Kibana
9 21 (2.39%) Istio
10 10 (1.14%) Packer
11 7 (0.80%) Netcool
12 6 (0.68%) Cilium
12 6 (0.68%) Opsgenie
13 4 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.46%) HP Fortify
13 4 (0.46%) vCenter Server
14 3 (0.34%) linkerd
14 3 (0.34%) Mesos
15 2 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
15 2 (0.23%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 136 (15.47%) Microsoft
2 73 (8.30%) Oracle
3 72 (8.19%) Google
4 37 (4.21%) Databricks
5 32 (3.64%) VMware
6 26 (2.96%) Splunk
7 21 (2.39%) AppDynamics
8 18 (2.05%) F5
9 17 (1.93%) Citrix
9 17 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
10 15 (1.71%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.71%) Cloudera
11 14 (1.59%) Dynatrace
11 14 (1.59%) Red Hat
11 14 (1.59%) SAP
12 13 (1.48%) New Relic
12 13 (1.48%) PagerDuty
13 12 (1.37%) MuleSoft
14 10 (1.14%) Cisco
15 9 (1.02%) Dell