Period
to 16 November 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 478 582 731
Rank change year-on-year +104 +149 +115
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 311 309 120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.41% 0.33% 0.13%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.30% 1.00% 0.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 184 208 83
England median daily rate £575 £536 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.25% -2.52% +22.22%
10th Percentile £440 £413 £375
90th Percentile £775 £675 £673
UK median daily rate £563 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +7.14% -4.55% +22.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
England median hourly rate - £35.00 -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 23,915 31,010 31,518
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.45% 32.63% 33.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,363 20,507 20,914
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 941 959 940
England median hourly rate £22.50 £20.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.14% +1.23% -
10th Percentile £11.75 £12.25 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £47.85
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +48 175 £620 +12.73% 91
South East +24 45 £525 -0.94% 22
Midlands +73 34 £500 -1.96% 14
North of England +48 32 £500 - 18
South West +8 18 £600 +41.18% 6
East Midlands +45 17 £450 - 5
West Midlands +44 17 £544 +6.62% 9
Yorkshire +35 15 £525 +5.00% 2
North West +31 14 £520 +41.02% 10
East of England +36 8 £540 -24.21% 5
North East +17 3 £500 +5.26% 6
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 195 (62.70%) AWS
2 159 (51.13%) DevOps
3 143 (45.98%) Microservices
4 123 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
5 118 (37.94%) Azure
6 106 (34.08%) Kubernetes
6 106 (34.08%) Docker
7 91 (29.26%) Terraform
8 89 (28.62%) Java
9 74 (23.79%) Python
9 74 (23.79%) Git (software)
10 70 (22.51%) Finance
11 69 (22.19%) GCP
12 65 (20.90%) Ansible
12 65 (20.90%) Jenkins
13 63 (20.26%) Node.js
14 60 (19.29%) Linux
15 53 (17.04%) Serverless
16 51 (16.40%) .NET
17 49 (15.76%) JavaScript
18 48 (15.43%) Software Engineering
19 43 (13.83%) Google
19 43 (13.83%) Infrastructure as Code
20 41 (13.18%) Security Cleared
21 39 (12.54%) IaaS
21 39 (12.54%) TDD
22 38 (12.22%) Microsoft
22 38 (12.22%) RESTful
23 37 (11.90%) C#
23 37 (11.90%) Continuous Integration

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (6.75%) Confluence
2 20 (6.43%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (5.14%) Apache Spark
4 11 (3.54%) Apache
5 8 (2.57%) Cloud Foundry
5 8 (2.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 7 (2.25%) Jupyter
7 6 (1.93%) Apache Pig
7 6 (1.93%) OpenStack
8 5 (1.61%) JBoss
9 4 (1.29%) nginx
9 4 (1.29%) Oracle HTTP Server
9 4 (1.29%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.32%) Anypoint
11 1 (0.32%) Mule
11 1 (0.32%) Mule ESB
11 1 (0.32%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (2.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (1.61%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 195 (62.70%) AWS
2 118 (37.94%) Azure
3 69 (22.19%) GCP
4 53 (17.04%) Serverless
5 39 (12.54%) IaaS
6 35 (11.25%) PaaS
7 33 (10.61%) Amazon S3
8 30 (9.65%) AWS Lambda
9 28 (9.00%) AWS CloudFormation
10 27 (8.68%) Amazon ECS
11 26 (8.36%) SaaS
12 25 (8.04%) Amazon EC2
13 24 (7.72%) GitHub
14 20 (6.43%) Route 53
15 18 (5.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 17 (5.47%) Cloud Computing
17 16 (5.14%) OpenShift
18 15 (4.82%) Amazon EKS
18 15 (4.82%) AWS CodePipeline
19 11 (3.54%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.57%) DNS
2 6 (1.93%) VPN
3 5 (1.61%) HTTP
3 5 (1.61%) Internet
3 5 (1.61%) NetScaler
4 4 (1.29%) Firewall
5 3 (0.96%) DHCP
5 3 (0.96%) Network Security
6 2 (0.64%) SSL
6 2 (0.64%) WAN
7 1 (0.32%) LAN
7 1 (0.32%) NAS
7 1 (0.32%) SAN
7 1 (0.32%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.32%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (10.61%) Big Data
2 25 (8.04%) Amazon RDS
3 23 (7.40%) NoSQL
4 16 (5.14%) MongoDB
5 15 (4.82%) Hadoop
5 15 (4.82%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (4.18%) MySQL
7 12 (3.86%) Apache Cassandra
8 11 (3.54%) SQL Server
9 9 (2.89%) Amazon Redshift
9 9 (2.89%) Apache Hive
10 7 (2.25%) HBase
10 7 (2.25%) MariaDB
11 6 (1.93%) Data Lake
11 6 (1.93%) Relational Database
12 5 (1.61%) Amazon Athena
12 5 (1.61%) BigQuery
12 5 (1.61%) Data Warehouse
13 4 (1.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 74 (23.79%) Git (software)
2 65 (20.90%) Jenkins
3 37 (11.90%) JIRA
4 19 (6.11%) Sonatype Nexus
5 17 (5.47%) Artifactory
6 14 (4.50%) CircleCI
7 10 (3.22%) GitLab
8 8 (2.57%) Mocha
9 7 (2.25%) Cucumber
9 7 (2.25%) Travis CI
10 6 (1.93%) Moq
11 5 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 5 (1.61%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (1.29%) JUnit
12 4 (1.29%) TeamCity
13 3 (0.96%) Karma Test Runner
13 3 (0.96%) Maven
13 3 (0.96%) SonarQube
14 2 (0.64%) Bitbucket
14 2 (0.64%) Jasmine
General
1 70 (22.51%) Finance
2 30 (9.65%) Banking
3 15 (4.82%) Public Sector
4 9 (2.89%) Front Office
5 7 (2.25%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.93%) Back Office
7 5 (1.61%) Law
8 4 (1.29%) Games
8 4 (1.29%) Retail
9 2 (0.64%) Advertising
9 2 (0.64%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.64%) Legal
9 2 (0.64%) Publishing
10 1 (0.32%) Automotive
10 1 (0.32%) Billing
10 1 (0.32%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.32%) International Banking
10 1 (0.32%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.32%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 72 (23.15%) Architect
2 69 (22.19%) Developer
3 62 (19.94%) DevOps Engineer
4 40 (12.86%) AWS Engineer
5 35 (11.25%) Cloud Engineer
6 30 (9.65%) Cloud Architect
7 20 (6.43%) AWS DevOps
8 17 (5.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 17 (5.47%) Azure Engineer
9 16 (5.14%) AWS Developer
10 15 (4.82%) Azure Architect
11 14 (4.50%) Java Developer
12 13 (4.18%) .NET Developer
12 13 (4.18%) Cloud Developer
12 13 (4.18%) Consultant
12 13 (4.18%) Java Engineer
13 12 (3.86%) Azure DevOps
13 12 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
13 12 (3.86%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 11 (3.54%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (20.26%) Node.js
2 51 (16.40%) .NET
3 38 (12.22%) RESTful
4 27 (8.68%) Web Services
5 26 (8.36%) Kafka
6 21 (6.75%) React
7 19 (6.11%) Spring
8 18 (5.79%) .NET Core
9 17 (5.47%) JSON
10 12 (3.86%) AngularJS
11 11 (3.54%) Redux
12 10 (3.22%) OAuth
12 10 (3.22%) Spring Boot
12 10 (3.22%) YAML
13 9 (2.89%) HTML
13 9 (2.89%) Middleware
14 8 (2.57%) CSS
15 7 (2.25%) ASP.NET
15 7 (2.25%) OAuth2
16 6 (1.93%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 23 (7.40%) Data Centre
2 18 (5.79%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (5.47%) Greenfield Project
4 16 (5.14%) Enterprise Software
4 16 (5.14%) Public Cloud
5 13 (4.18%) Hybrid Cloud
6 10 (3.22%) User Experience
7 9 (2.89%) PKI
8 8 (2.57%) Mobile App
9 7 (2.25%) Algorithms
9 7 (2.25%) Data Structures
9 7 (2.25%) Derivative
9 7 (2.25%) Fixed Income
9 7 (2.25%) N-Tier
10 6 (1.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 5 (1.61%) Analytical Mindset
11 5 (1.61%) Replication
12 4 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
13 3 (0.96%) Enterprise Cloud
13 3 (0.96%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 60 (19.29%) Linux
2 20 (6.43%) Unix
3 12 (3.86%) CentOS
3 12 (3.86%) CoreOS
3 12 (3.86%) Windows
4 9 (2.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (2.57%) Debian
6 4 (1.29%) Android
6 4 (1.29%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.32%) AIX
7 1 (0.32%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 159 (51.13%) DevOps
2 143 (45.98%) Microservices
3 123 (39.55%) Agile Software Development
4 48 (15.43%) Software Engineering
5 43 (13.83%) Infrastructure as Code
6 39 (12.54%) TDD
7 37 (11.90%) Continuous Integration
8 36 (11.58%) Migration
9 33 (10.61%) Scrum
10 30 (9.65%) Analytics
11 28 (9.00%) Test Automation
12 24 (7.72%) BDD
13 23 (7.40%) Configuration Management
13 23 (7.40%) Infrastructure Automation
14 22 (7.07%) Continuous Delivery
14 22 (7.07%) Problem-Solving
15 20 (6.43%) Stakeholder Management
16 18 (5.79%) Immutable Infrastructure
17 17 (5.47%) Open Source
18 16 (5.14%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 89 (28.62%) Java
2 74 (23.79%) Python
3 49 (15.76%) JavaScript
4 37 (11.90%) C#
5 28 (9.00%) Bash Shell
6 23 (7.40%) SQL
7 21 (6.75%) Go
8 15 (4.82%) PowerShell
9 12 (3.86%) Rust
10 10 (3.22%) TypeScript
11 8 (2.57%) Java 8
12 7 (2.25%) ES6
13 5 (1.61%) ES7
13 5 (1.61%) R
14 4 (1.29%) Ruby
15 3 (0.96%) C
15 3 (0.96%) Groovy
15 3 (0.96%) Shell Script
16 2 (0.64%) F#
16 2 (0.64%) PHP
Qualifications
1 41 (13.18%) Security Cleared
2 27 (8.68%) SC Cleared
3 19 (6.11%) AWS Certification
4 13 (4.18%) Degree
5 9 (2.89%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (2.57%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (6.43%) QA
2 5 (1.61%) GDPR
3 3 (0.96%) COBIT
3 3 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.96%) NIST
4 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 106 (34.08%) Docker
2 10 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 9 (2.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (2.25%) HDFS
5 5 (1.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (1.61%) Microsoft App-V
5 5 (1.61%) Virtual Desktop
5 5 (1.61%) XenApp
5 5 (1.61%) XenDesktop
6 4 (1.29%) Postfix
7 3 (0.96%) vSphere
8 2 (0.64%) vCloud
9 1 (0.32%) Ceph
9 1 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 106 (34.08%) Kubernetes
2 91 (29.26%) Terraform
3 65 (20.90%) Ansible
4 20 (6.43%) Puppet
5 17 (5.47%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (5.14%) Packer
7 14 (4.50%) Kibana
8 12 (3.86%) Prometheus
9 7 (2.25%) Oozie
10 5 (1.61%) Grafana
10 5 (1.61%) Istio
10 5 (1.61%) Microsoft Intune
10 5 (1.61%) SCCM
11 4 (1.29%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
11 4 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (1.29%) Sysdig
11 4 (1.29%) yum
12 2 (0.64%) Hadoop YARN
13 1 (0.32%) HP SiteScope
13 1 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 43 (13.83%) Google
2 38 (12.22%) Microsoft
3 20 (6.43%) Oracle
4 17 (5.47%) Atlassian
5 13 (4.18%) Splunk
6 12 (3.86%) Confluent
6 12 (3.86%) Veracode
7 9 (2.89%) VMware
8 8 (2.57%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.25%) Ping Identity
9 7 (2.25%) Sparx
10 6 (1.93%) Citrix
11 5 (1.61%) Cisco
11 5 (1.61%) Dell
11 5 (1.61%) Ivanti
11 5 (1.61%) NetApp
12 4 (1.29%) EMC
12 4 (1.29%) IBM
13 3 (0.96%) New Relic
13 3 (0.96%) Salesforce.com