Period
to 9 July 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 327 477 682
Rank change year-on-year +150 +205 +71
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 242 391 197
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.46% 0.21%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.97% 1.42% 0.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 154 291 153
Median daily rate £558 £600 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.08% +9.09% -8.33%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £419
90th Percentile £763 £713 £699
UK median daily rate £561 £600 £550
% change year-on-year -6.46% +9.09% -8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £35.00 -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 12,304 27,526 30,894
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.45% 32.13% 32.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,786 17,835 20,125
Median daily rate £495 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £281 £275
90th Percentile £713 £675 £667
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £455
% change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 535 962 982
Median hourly rate £31.00 £20.86 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.65% -7.31% +12.50%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.85 £11.80
90th Percentile £53.45 £52.50 £51.23
Median hourly rate £30.50 £20.69 £21.90
% change year-on-year +47.41% -5.53% +9.50%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +143 170 £582 -3.00% 26
North of England +104 28 £430 -33.85% 18
South East +126 26 £550 +10.00% 13
North West +65 14 £413 -36.54% 13
Midlands +85 10 £450 -14.29% 2
Yorkshire +69 9 £413 -23.26% 3
East Midlands +62 9 £450 -25.00% 1
North East +30 5 £562 -13.62% 2
South West +44 2 £525 -19.23% 4
West Midlands +66 1 £475 -9.52% 1
East of England +65 1 - - 2
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 168 (69.42%) AWS
2 119 (49.17%) DevOps
3 109 (45.04%) Azure
4 104 (42.98%) Agile Software Development
5 98 (40.50%) Kubernetes
6 86 (35.54%) Microservices
7 76 (31.40%) Terraform
8 75 (30.99%) Docker
8 75 (30.99%) Python
9 62 (25.62%) Serverless
10 59 (24.38%) Java
11 58 (23.97%) Git (software)
12 52 (21.49%) .NET
13 51 (21.07%) JavaScript
13 51 (21.07%) Linux
13 51 (21.07%) Finance
13 51 (21.07%) GCP
14 50 (20.66%) SQL
15 48 (19.83%) Node.js
16 44 (18.18%) Jenkins
17 43 (17.77%) Continuous Integration
17 43 (17.77%) Security Cleared
18 40 (16.53%) Infrastructure as Code
19 39 (16.12%) SC Cleared
19 39 (16.12%) C#
19 39 (16.12%) Windows
19 39 (16.12%) AWS CloudFormation
20 38 (15.70%) Microsoft
21 36 (14.88%) AWS Lambda
22 34 (14.05%) REST

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (5.37%) Elasticsearch
2 12 (4.96%) Confluence
3 9 (3.72%) Apache Spark
4 6 (2.48%) Apache
5 5 (2.07%) Cloud Foundry
5 5 (2.07%) Headless CMS
6 4 (1.65%) Apache Pig
7 3 (1.24%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.83%) IIS
8 2 (0.83%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.83%) SAS
9 1 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.41%) Mule
9 1 (0.41%) Predix
9 1 (0.41%) Sonic ESB
9 1 (0.41%) ThingWorx
9 1 (0.41%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.41%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.83%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 168 (69.42%) AWS
2 109 (45.04%) Azure
3 62 (25.62%) Serverless
4 51 (21.07%) GCP
5 39 (16.12%) AWS CloudFormation
6 36 (14.88%) AWS Lambda
7 22 (9.09%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (8.68%) GitHub
9 20 (8.26%) Amazon ECS
10 19 (7.85%) Amazon EKS
11 18 (7.44%) Azure Functions
12 16 (6.61%) Amazon S3
12 16 (6.61%) SaaS
13 15 (6.20%) PaaS
13 15 (6.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 14 (5.79%) IaaS
15 13 (5.37%) AWS CodePipeline
16 12 (4.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 10 (4.13%) Azure Active Directory
18 9 (3.72%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 10 (4.13%) DNS
2 5 (2.07%) Kerberos
3 4 (1.65%) OpenVPN
4 3 (1.24%) 3GPP
4 3 (1.24%) 5G
4 3 (1.24%) FCAPS
4 3 (1.24%) Internet
4 3 (1.24%) Intrusion Detection
4 3 (1.24%) Network Security
4 3 (1.24%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.83%) DHCP
5 2 (0.83%) Firewall
5 2 (0.83%) VPN
6 1 (0.41%) DMZ
6 1 (0.41%) FTP
6 1 (0.41%) HTTP
6 1 (0.41%) Intranet
6 1 (0.41%) IPsec
6 1 (0.41%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (10.33%) MongoDB
1 25 (10.33%) NoSQL
2 21 (8.68%) Big Data
2 21 (8.68%) Relational Database
3 20 (8.26%) SQL Server
4 15 (6.20%) Amazon RDS
4 15 (6.20%) Hadoop
5 14 (5.79%) MySQL
6 11 (4.55%) Cosmos DB
7 10 (4.13%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (3.72%) Redis
9 8 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (3.31%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (2.89%) Data Lake
11 5 (2.07%) Flink
11 5 (2.07%) HBase
11 5 (2.07%) JanusGraph
11 5 (2.07%) Power BI
12 4 (1.65%) BigQuery
12 4 (1.65%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 58 (23.97%) Git (software)
2 44 (18.18%) Jenkins
3 27 (11.16%) JIRA
4 20 (8.26%) GitLab
5 14 (5.79%) Artifactory
6 10 (4.13%) Sonatype Nexus
6 10 (4.13%) Visual Studio
7 9 (3.72%) CircleCI
8 7 (2.89%) Snyk
9 4 (1.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 4 (1.65%) Babel
9 4 (1.65%) Maven
9 4 (1.65%) Visual Studio Team System
9 4 (1.65%) webpack
10 3 (1.24%) Spinnaker
11 2 (0.83%) Subversion
11 2 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 1 (0.41%) Ant
12 1 (0.41%) Cucumber
12 1 (0.41%) Selenium
General
1 51 (21.07%) Finance
2 28 (11.57%) Public Sector
3 17 (7.02%) Banking
4 10 (4.13%) Manufacturing
5 8 (3.31%) Front Office
6 7 (2.89%) Retail
7 5 (2.07%) Telecoms
8 3 (1.24%) Automotive
9 2 (0.83%) Police
10 1 (0.41%) Back Office
10 1 (0.41%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.41%) Games
10 1 (0.41%) Law
10 1 (0.41%) Local Government
10 1 (0.41%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 68 (28.10%) Developer
2 61 (25.21%) Architect
3 35 (14.46%) DevOps Engineer
4 30 (12.40%) AWS Engineer
5 28 (11.57%) Cloud Engineer
6 21 (8.68%) Solutions Architect
7 20 (8.26%) AWS Architect
8 19 (7.85%) AWS Developer
8 19 (7.85%) Cloud Architect
9 16 (6.61%) Platform Engineer
10 15 (6.20%) Python Engineer
11 14 (5.79%) Senior DevOps
11 14 (5.79%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 12 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
12 12 (4.96%) Senior Developer
13 11 (4.55%) C# Developer
13 11 (4.55%) Programmer
14 10 (4.13%) Python Developer
15 9 (3.72%) JavaScript Developer
15 9 (3.72%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (21.49%) .NET
2 48 (19.83%) Node.js
3 34 (14.05%) REST
4 27 (11.16%) Kafka
4 27 (11.16%) Web Services
5 26 (10.74%) React
6 20 (8.26%) AngularJS
6 20 (8.26%) CSS
6 20 (8.26%) GraphQL
7 18 (7.44%) HTML
7 18 (7.44%) RESTful
8 17 (7.02%) Spring
9 13 (5.37%) HTML5
10 11 (4.55%) Swagger
11 10 (4.13%) Lambda Expressions
11 10 (4.13%) React Native
11 10 (4.13%) Spring Boot
12 9 (3.72%) Elastic Stack
13 8 (3.31%) .NET Core
13 8 (3.31%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 26 (10.74%) Public Cloud
2 13 (5.37%) User Experience
3 12 (4.96%) Mobile App
4 10 (4.13%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (3.31%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.89%) Data Centre
6 7 (2.89%) PKI
7 5 (2.07%) Fixed Income
7 5 (2.07%) Hybrid Cloud
7 5 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
8 4 (1.65%) Blog
8 4 (1.65%) Derivative
8 4 (1.65%) Hedge funds
9 3 (1.24%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.24%) Data Structures
9 3 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (1.24%) Industry 4.0
9 3 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
10 2 (0.83%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 51 (21.07%) Linux
2 39 (16.12%) Windows
3 14 (5.79%) Unix
4 9 (3.72%) CentOS
4 9 (3.72%) CoreOS
4 9 (3.72%) Windows Server
5 7 (2.89%) Debian
6 6 (2.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (2.07%) Android
7 5 (2.07%) Apple iOS
8 4 (1.65%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.83%) AIX
9 2 (0.83%) SUSE
10 1 (0.41%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.41%) VMS
10 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (49.17%) DevOps
2 104 (42.98%) Agile Software Development
3 86 (35.54%) Microservices
4 43 (17.77%) Continuous Integration
5 40 (16.53%) Infrastructure as Code
6 31 (12.81%) Open Source
7 29 (11.98%) TDD
8 27 (11.16%) Continuous Delivery
8 27 (11.16%) Scrum
8 27 (11.16%) Software Engineering
9 26 (10.74%) Analytics
10 24 (9.92%) Deployment Automation
11 23 (9.50%) Test Automation
12 22 (9.09%) Machine Learning
12 22 (9.09%) Pair Programming
13 19 (7.85%) API Development
13 19 (7.85%) Infrastructure Automation
13 19 (7.85%) Migration
14 17 (7.02%) Observability
15 16 (6.61%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 75 (30.99%) Python
2 59 (24.38%) Java
3 51 (21.07%) JavaScript
4 50 (20.66%) SQL
5 39 (16.12%) C#
6 28 (11.57%) Go
7 23 (9.50%) PowerShell
8 21 (8.68%) Bash Shell
9 13 (5.37%) TypeScript
10 12 (4.96%) R
11 9 (3.72%) C++
11 9 (3.72%) Ruby
11 9 (3.72%) Rust
12 8 (3.31%) Java 8
13 7 (2.89%) Groovy
13 7 (2.89%) Shell Script
14 6 (2.48%) Perl
14 6 (2.48%) PHP
15 4 (1.65%) T-SQL
15 4 (1.65%) VBA
Qualifications
1 43 (17.77%) Security Cleared
2 39 (16.12%) SC Cleared
3 7 (2.89%) Degree
4 6 (2.48%) AWS Certification
4 6 (2.48%) CISSP
5 4 (1.65%) DV Cleared
6 3 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (1.24%) CCNA
6 3 (1.24%) CCNP
6 3 (1.24%) CCSP
6 3 (1.24%) CEH
6 3 (1.24%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (1.24%) CISMP
6 3 (1.24%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 1 (0.41%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.41%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.41%) MCSE
7 1 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.41%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.24%) QA
2 2 (0.83%) NIST
2 2 (0.83%) SLA
3 1 (0.41%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.41%) GDPR
3 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.41%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.41%) PSD2
System Software
1 75 (30.99%) Docker
2 12 (4.96%) Active Directory
3 10 (4.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.65%) Hyper-V
5 4 (1.65%) Microsoft App-V
5 4 (1.65%) XenApp
6 1 (0.41%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 1 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 98 (40.50%) Kubernetes
2 76 (31.40%) Terraform
3 30 (12.40%) Ansible
4 10 (4.13%) Kibana
5 9 (3.72%) Prometheus
6 6 (2.48%) logstash
7 5 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (2.07%) Puppet
8 4 (1.65%) Grafana
8 4 (1.65%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (1.24%) CSIRT
9 3 (1.24%) Packer
9 3 (1.24%) QRadar
10 2 (0.83%) Istio
10 2 (0.83%) Nessus
11 1 (0.41%) SCCM
11 1 (0.41%) SCOM
Vendors
1 38 (15.70%) Microsoft
2 22 (9.09%) Google
3 16 (6.61%) Oracle
4 11 (4.55%) VMware
5 10 (4.13%) SAP
6 9 (3.72%) Confluent
6 9 (3.72%) Veracode
7 8 (3.31%) Red Hat
8 6 (2.48%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (2.07%) Citrix
9 5 (2.07%) Splunk
10 4 (1.65%) Atlassian
10 4 (1.65%) Cloudera
10 4 (1.65%) MuleSoft
10 4 (1.65%) Tableau
11 3 (1.24%) BiZZdesign
12 2 (0.83%) Adobe
12 2 (0.83%) Cisco
12 2 (0.83%) Qualys
12 2 (0.83%) StreamSets