Period
to 14 May 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
UK > England
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 214 373 464
Rank change year-on-year +159 +91 +239
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 555 256 400
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.22% 0.57% 0.48%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.06% 1.96% 1.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 344 157 297
10th Percentile £425 £425 £425
25th Percentile £473 £475 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £600
Median % change year-on-year - -8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £625 £638 £669
90th Percentile £721 £718 £700
UK median daily rate £545 £550 £600
% change year-on-year -0.91% -8.33% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Median hourly rate £55.75 - -
UK median hourly rate £48.25 - -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 13,660 13,049 24,006
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.10% 28.86% 28.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,132 8,625 16,031
10th Percentile £281 £250 £294
25th Percentile £394 £374 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - -
75th Percentile £608 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 552 541 769
10th Percentile £12.38 £12.61 £11.85
25th Percentile £16.48 £15.92 £14.75
Median hourly rate £26.00 £21.57 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.54% +2.71% -2.33%
75th Percentile £47.50 £44.25 £44.13
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +15.56% +9.76% -4.65%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in England.

Hourly rate trend for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cloud Native in England over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cloud Native in England

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the England region over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +62 343 £562 -1.40% 140
South East +66 60 £569 +3.36% 24
South West +83 46 £475 -9.52% 10
East of England +67 34 £525 - 13
North of England +35 27 £570 +39.02% 56
North West +13 17 £538 +31.10% 27
Yorkshire +33 6 £565 +36.97% 23
Midlands 0 5 £630 +26.00% 32
North East +21 4 £610 - 6
East Midlands +9 3 £630 +40.00% 5
West Midlands 0 2 - - 27
Cloud Native
UK

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 300 (54.05%) Azure
2 266 (47.93%) AWS
3 254 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
4 238 (42.88%) Kubernetes
5 225 (40.54%) DevOps
6 218 (39.28%) Microservices
7 186 (33.51%) Python
8 138 (24.86%) Terraform
9 137 (24.68%) Software Engineering
10 129 (23.24%) Serverless
11 128 (23.06%) Java
12 125 (22.52%) SQL
13 116 (20.90%) Docker
14 102 (18.38%) GCP
15 96 (17.30%) Go
15 96 (17.30%) Finance
16 90 (16.22%) Infrastructure as Code
17 88 (15.86%) Oracle
18 85 (15.32%) JavaScript
18 85 (15.32%) Git (software)
19 84 (15.14%) SDLC
20 80 (14.41%) Social Skills
21 78 (14.05%) .NET
22 76 (13.69%) PaaS
23 71 (12.79%) Azure Functions
24 70 (12.61%) Azure Logic Apps
24 70 (12.61%) AWS Lambda
24 70 (12.61%) C#
25 69 (12.43%) Jenkins
26 66 (11.89%) Azure SQL Database

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (8.83%) BizTalk Server
2 24 (4.32%) Confluence
3 19 (3.42%) Cloud Foundry
4 15 (2.70%) OpenStack
5 9 (1.62%) Apache Spark
5 9 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.26%) Apache
6 7 (1.26%) CMS
7 6 (1.08%) nginx
8 4 (0.72%) JBoss
8 4 (0.72%) Red Hat Fuse
8 4 (0.72%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.72%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.72%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.54%) SAS
10 2 (0.36%) Alfresco
10 2 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.36%) IBM Domino
11 1 (0.18%) Apache ServiceMix
11 1 (0.18%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 2 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.18%) 3ds Max
2 1 (0.18%) Blender
2 1 (0.18%) Maya
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.90%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.72%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.54%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.18%) Magento
4 1 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.18%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 300 (54.05%) Azure
2 266 (47.93%) AWS
3 129 (23.24%) Serverless
4 102 (18.38%) GCP
5 76 (13.69%) PaaS
6 71 (12.79%) Azure Functions
7 70 (12.61%) AWS Lambda
7 70 (12.61%) Azure Logic Apps
8 66 (11.89%) IaaS
9 65 (11.71%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 65 (11.71%) Azure Storage
10 61 (10.99%) SaaS
11 43 (7.75%) GitHub
12 30 (5.41%) Amazon EKS
13 27 (4.86%) Azure Active Directory
14 25 (4.50%) OpenShift
15 23 (4.14%) AWS CloudFormation
16 19 (3.42%) Amazon GuardDuty
17 17 (3.06%) Amazon ECS
18 16 (2.88%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.52%) Network Security
2 13 (2.34%) 3GPP
2 13 (2.34%) SGSN
2 13 (2.34%) Software-Defined Networking
3 9 (1.62%) Firewall
3 9 (1.62%) Unified Communications
4 6 (1.08%) DNS
4 6 (1.08%) VPN
5 5 (0.90%) NAS
5 5 (0.90%) SAN
6 4 (0.72%) FTP
6 4 (0.72%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.36%) BIG-IP
7 2 (0.36%) Cisco ISE
7 2 (0.36%) DHCP
7 2 (0.36%) NetScaler
7 2 (0.36%) SSL
7 2 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.36%) Wireless
8 1 (0.18%) VoLTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (11.89%) Azure SQL Database
2 63 (11.35%) MongoDB
3 29 (5.23%) Big Data
4 27 (4.86%) SQL Server
5 22 (3.96%) NoSQL
6 19 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (2.88%) Data Lake
8 11 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (1.80%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 10 (1.80%) Relational Database
10 9 (1.62%) Hadoop
11 7 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 6 (1.08%) BigQuery
12 6 (1.08%) Cloud Spanner
12 6 (1.08%) Power BI
13 5 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
13 5 (0.90%) MySQL
13 5 (0.90%) Snowflake Schema
14 3 (0.54%) RDBMS
14 3 (0.54%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 85 (15.32%) Git (software)
2 69 (12.43%) Jenkins
3 38 (6.85%) JIRA
4 17 (3.06%) CircleCI
5 16 (2.88%) Maven
6 15 (2.70%) Visual Studio
7 13 (2.34%) Cucumber
8 12 (2.16%) Bitbucket
8 12 (2.16%) Sonatype Nexus
9 11 (1.98%) webpack
10 10 (1.80%) TeamCity
11 9 (1.62%) GitLab
11 9 (1.62%) Gradle
11 9 (1.62%) JUnit
12 7 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 7 (1.26%) Selenium
13 6 (1.08%) git-flow
14 5 (0.90%) Postman
15 4 (0.72%) Artifactory
15 4 (0.72%) CF BOSH
General
1 96 (17.30%) Finance
2 80 (14.41%) Social Skills
3 36 (6.49%) Banking
4 32 (5.77%) Public Sector
5 27 (4.86%) Analytical Skills
6 22 (3.96%) Presentation Skills
7 13 (2.34%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.98%) Retail
8 11 (1.98%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.62%) Influencing Skills
10 8 (1.44%) Back Office
11 7 (1.26%) Marketing
12 6 (1.08%) Documentation Skills
12 6 (1.08%) Law
13 5 (0.90%) Electronics
13 5 (0.90%) Games
13 5 (0.90%) Legal
14 4 (0.72%) Front Office
14 4 (0.72%) Investment Banking
14 4 (0.72%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 171 (30.81%) Architect
2 130 (23.42%) Developer
3 68 (12.25%) Cloud Architect
4 52 (9.37%) Cloud Engineer
5 47 (8.47%) Azure Engineer
5 47 (8.47%) Solutions Architect
6 42 (7.57%) DevOps Engineer
7 36 (6.49%) Azure Architect
7 36 (6.49%) Java Developer
8 35 (6.31%) Python Developer
9 31 (5.59%) AWS Architect
9 31 (5.59%) AWS Engineer
9 31 (5.59%) Azure Developer
10 29 (5.23%) Software Engineer
11 23 (4.14%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 23 (4.14%) Senior Developer
12 22 (3.96%) Technical Architect
13 21 (3.78%) Security Engineer
14 19 (3.42%) .NET Developer
14 19 (3.42%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (14.05%) .NET
2 57 (10.27%) Node.js
3 47 (8.47%) React
4 42 (7.57%) .NET Core
4 42 (7.57%) REST
5 34 (6.13%) Kafka
5 34 (6.13%) Spring
6 32 (5.77%) Web Services
7 29 (5.23%) AngularJS
7 29 (5.23%) GraphQL
7 29 (5.23%) Spring Boot
8 26 (4.68%) JSON
9 22 (3.96%) Middleware
9 22 (3.96%) RESTful
10 21 (3.78%) CSS
11 20 (3.60%) Redux
12 19 (3.42%) XML
13 16 (2.88%) YAML
14 14 (2.52%) HTML
14 14 (2.52%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 35 (6.31%) Data Centre
1 35 (6.31%) Public Cloud
2 15 (2.70%) Data Structures
3 14 (2.52%) Algorithms
4 13 (2.34%) Derivative
4 13 (2.34%) Management Information System
5 12 (2.16%) CMDB
5 12 (2.16%) Hybrid Cloud
6 11 (1.98%) User Experience
7 10 (1.80%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.26%) Private Cloud
10 5 (0.90%) Enterprise Cloud
10 5 (0.90%) Virtual Team
11 4 (0.72%) iPad
11 4 (0.72%) Mobile App
11 4 (0.72%) Security Operations Centre
12 3 (0.54%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 3 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
12 3 (0.54%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 62 (11.17%) Linux
2 56 (10.09%) Windows
3 17 (3.06%) Windows Server
4 11 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (1.08%) CentOS
6 5 (0.90%) Unix
7 4 (0.72%) CoreOS
8 3 (0.54%) Android
8 3 (0.54%) Apple iOS
8 3 (0.54%) Solaris
8 3 (0.54%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.36%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.36%) VMS
10 1 (0.18%) Debian
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 254 (45.77%) Agile Software Development
2 225 (40.54%) DevOps
3 218 (39.28%) Microservices
4 137 (24.68%) Software Engineering
5 90 (16.22%) Infrastructure as Code
6 84 (15.14%) SDLC
7 65 (11.71%) Test Automation
8 63 (11.35%) Migration
8 63 (11.35%) Scrum
9 59 (10.63%) Data Engineering
10 57 (10.27%) Continuous Improvement
11 54 (9.73%) Data Development
12 50 (9.01%) Open Source
13 48 (8.65%) TDD
14 44 (7.93%) Information Security
15 42 (7.57%) Analytics
16 39 (7.03%) Computer Science
17 34 (6.13%) Continuous Delivery
18 32 (5.77%) BDD
19 28 (5.05%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 186 (33.51%) Python
2 128 (23.06%) Java
3 125 (22.52%) SQL
4 96 (17.30%) Go
5 85 (15.32%) JavaScript
6 70 (12.61%) C#
7 60 (10.81%) C++
8 56 (10.09%) T-SQL
9 55 (9.91%) PL/SQL
10 41 (7.39%) PowerShell
11 34 (6.13%) Bash Shell
12 25 (4.50%) TypeScript
13 20 (3.60%) Kotlin
14 12 (2.16%) ES6
14 12 (2.16%) Ruby
14 12 (2.16%) Shell Script
15 8 (1.44%) Java 8
16 7 (1.26%) C
17 6 (1.08%) R
17 6 (1.08%) Scala
Qualifications
1 49 (8.83%) Security Cleared
2 47 (8.47%) SC Cleared
3 21 (3.78%) Degree
4 10 (1.80%) CISSP
5 7 (1.26%) AWS Certification
5 7 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.72%) CISM
6 4 (0.72%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (0.54%) CRISC
8 2 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 2 (0.36%) CCSP
9 1 (0.18%) CCNA
9 1 (0.18%) CESG Certified Professional
9 1 (0.18%) IISP
9 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.18%) SANS
9 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.34%) OASIS TOSCA
2 12 (2.16%) QA
3 8 (1.44%) GDPR
4 6 (1.08%) NIST
5 5 (0.90%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.72%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.54%) SLA
8 2 (0.36%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.18%) RMADS
9 1 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 116 (20.90%) Docker
2 31 (5.59%) Active Directory
3 18 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (2.52%) Hyper-V
5 13 (2.34%) KVM
5 13 (2.34%) LXC
5 13 (2.34%) Microsoft App-V
5 13 (2.34%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (1.44%) XenApp
7 5 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.36%) Squid
9 2 (0.36%) vSphere
10 1 (0.18%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 238 (42.88%) Kubernetes
2 138 (24.86%) Terraform
3 63 (11.35%) Ansible
4 29 (5.23%) Prometheus
5 22 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
6 21 (3.78%) Grafana
7 20 (3.60%) Puppet
8 17 (3.06%) Istio
9 13 (2.34%) Cloudify
9 13 (2.34%) Docker Swarm
9 13 (2.34%) Juju
10 6 (1.08%) MIIS
10 6 (1.08%) Packer
10 6 (1.08%) vRealize
11 5 (0.90%) Argo
12 4 (0.72%) Consul
12 4 (0.72%) Knative
12 4 (0.72%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 3 (0.54%) Kibana
13 3 (0.54%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 88 (15.86%) Oracle
2 56 (10.09%) Microsoft
3 55 (9.91%) MuleSoft
4 49 (8.83%) Google
5 28 (5.05%) VMware
6 26 (4.68%) Red Hat
7 17 (3.06%) Databricks
8 15 (2.70%) Cisco
9 13 (2.34%) Ericsson
9 13 (2.34%) Juniper
9 13 (2.34%) Mirantis
9 13 (2.34%) SAP
10 11 (1.98%) Citrix
10 11 (1.98%) IBM
11 9 (1.62%) Atlassian
12 8 (1.44%) Splunk
13 7 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
14 5 (0.90%) CA
15 4 (0.72%) CA Agile Central
15 4 (0.72%) Confluent