The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Windows Server 2012 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Windows Server 2012 over the 3 months to 27 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microsoft Windows Server 2012
UK
3 months to
27 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 163 110 111
Rank change year-on-year -53 +1  
Contract jobs citing Windows Server 2012 698 1183 1052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.50% 2.12% 1.89%
As % of the Operating Systems category 7.32% 9.50% 8.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 453 722 615
Median daily rate £340 £340 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -2.85%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £175 £200 £213
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £325 £326 £338
% change year-on-year -0.38% -3.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 51 78
Median hourly rate £16.00 £21.00 £20.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.80% +4.03%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.23 £13.50 £13.59
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.80 £46.00 £30.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £21.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -23.80% +5.00%  

Windows Server 2012 is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 9530 12456 12307
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.51% 22.28% 22.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 6046 7771 7001
Median daily rate £410 £388 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.80% +6.89%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £175 £200 £170
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £530 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £363 £340
% change year-on-year +6.89% +6.61%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 556 696 1001
Median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.20
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +1.85%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £11.50 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.90 £43.00 £37.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £16.84 £15.75
% change year-on-year -7.95% +6.92%  

Windows Server 2012
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Windows Server 2012 as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Operating Systems category.

Job vacancy trend for Windows Server 2012 in the UK

Windows Server 2012
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Windows Server 2012.

Contractor daily rate trend for Windows Server 2012 in the UK

Windows Server 2012
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Windows Server 2012 over the 3 months to 27 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Windows Server 2012 in the UK

Windows Server 2012
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Windows Server 2012.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Windows Server 2012 in the UK

Windows Server 2012
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Windows Server 2012 over the 3 months to 27 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Windows Server 2012 in the UK

Windows Server 2012
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Windows Server 2012 within the UK over the 3 months to 27 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 626 £333 -1.48% 263
London -13 246 £375 +2.73% 78
South East -68 131 £339 +8.31% 61
Scotland -9 64 £390 +4.00% 13
South West -2 61 £338 +2.27% 18
Hampshire -32 45 £340 -4.22% 14
Renfrewshire +17 44 £400 +3.22% 1
Erskine +16 43 £400 +3.22% 1
North West -38 41 £325 -13.33% 31
Yorkshire +22 40 £331 +10.41% 21
West Midlands +7 38 £300 - 25
East Midlands -2 36 £255 -21.53% 14
City of London -23 33 £325 -13.33% 17
East of England -25 29 £275 -21.14% 12
Surrey -30 23 £338 +8.00% 11
Berkshire -3 22 £335 +32.67% 12
South Yorkshire +16 18 £175 -39.13% 3
Manchester -6 18 £325 - 19
Bristol -2 17 £350 -1.40% 6
Leicestershire +2 15 £253 -12.93% 3
Cambridgeshire +14 14 £238 -39.68% 3
Sheffield +17 13 £325 +13.04% 3
Reading +14 12 £300 +93.22% 5
West Yorkshire +7 12 £388 +21.09% 13
West Sussex +2 12 £250 -23.07% 4
Edinburgh -7 12 £340 -9.33% 4
Buckinghamshire -12 12 £500 +66.66% 10
Somerset +12 11 £350 +85.43% 2
Hook +6 11 £340 -2.71%
Leicester +1 11 £250 -33.33% 3

For the 6 months to 27 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Windows Server 2012 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Windows Server 2012.

1 1451 (100.00%) Windows
2 1063 (73.26%) Windows Server
3 908 (62.58%) Windows Server 2008
4 876 (60.37%) Active Directory
5 703 (48.45%) Microsoft
6 691 (47.62%) VMware
7 439 (30.25%) PowerShell
8 402 (27.71%) VMware Infrastructure
9 352 (24.26%) Windows Server 2003
10 337 (23.23%) SQL Server
11 321 (22.12%) DNS
12 304 (20.95%) Windows 7
13 297 (20.47%) MS Exchange
14 292 (20.12%) SQL
15 284 (19.57%) Citrix
16 265 (18.26%) ITIL
17 261 (17.99%) Security Cleared
18 248 (17.09%) SCCM
18 248 (17.09%) Hyper-V
19 242 (16.68%) Linux
20 241 (16.61%) Office 365
21 224 (15.44%) Cisco
22 223 (15.37%) Firewall
23 220 (15.16%) Finance
24 219 (15.09%) Microsoft Certification
25 217 (14.96%) Windows 10
26 215 (14.82%) Microsoft Azure
27 212 (14.61%) DHCP
28 203 (13.99%) Exchange Server 2010
29 202 (13.92%) Migration

Windows Server 2012
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 297 (20.47%) MS Exchange
2 203 (13.99%) Exchange Server 2010
3 175 (12.06%) IIS
4 139 (9.58%) Exchange Server 2013
5 114 (7.86%) SharePoint
6 87 (6.00%) Skype for Business
7 67 (4.62%) Exchange Server 2007
8 34 (2.34%) SharePoint 2013
9 28 (1.93%) Tomcat
10 17 (1.17%) BizTalk Server
11 16 (1.10%) JBoss
12 14 (0.96%) SharePoint 2010
13 12 (0.83%) Apache
13 12 (0.83%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 11 (0.76%) Confluence
14 11 (0.76%) Exchange Server 2003
15 10 (0.69%) WebSphere
16 8 (0.55%) IBM Notes
17 7 (0.48%) OpenStack
17 7 (0.48%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 152 (10.48%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.69%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.069%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.069%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.069%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.069%) CINEMA 4D
6 1 (0.069%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 21 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (1.03%) Oracle Applications
3 11 (0.76%) Oracle 11i
4 10 (0.69%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 7 (0.48%) Demantra
5 7 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.48%) SnowdropKCS
6 4 (0.28%) Pegasus Opera
7 3 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
9 1 (0.069%) assyst
9 1 (0.069%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.069%) Postilion
9 1 (0.069%) Remedy AR System
9 1 (0.069%) ResourceLink
9 1 (0.069%) SAP Business One
9 1 (0.069%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.069%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.069%) SAP SCM
Cloud Services
1 241 (16.61%) Office 365
2 215 (14.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 89 (6.13%) Amazon AWS
4 44 (3.03%) Azure Active Directory
5 29 (2.00%) IaaS
6 21 (1.45%) GitHub
7 19 (1.31%) SaaS
8 14 (0.96%) Mimecast
9 12 (0.83%) PaaS
10 10 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (0.41%) OneDrive
11 6 (0.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 3 (0.21%) Mailgun
13 2 (0.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 2 (0.14%) Amazon EC2
13 2 (0.14%) Amazon S3
13 2 (0.14%) AWS OpsWorks
13 2 (0.14%) iTunes
14 1 (0.069%) G Suite
14 1 (0.069%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 321 (22.12%) DNS
2 223 (15.37%) Firewall
3 212 (14.61%) DHCP
4 173 (11.92%) SAN
5 127 (8.75%) LAN
6 122 (8.41%) TCP/IP
7 105 (7.24%) WAN
8 76 (5.24%) VPN
9 72 (4.96%) NAS
10 69 (4.76%) Internet
11 50 (3.45%) Skype
12 49 (3.38%) Remote Desktop
13 43 (2.96%) SSL
13 43 (2.96%) VLAN
14 40 (2.76%) VoIP
14 40 (2.76%) Wireless
15 39 (2.69%) NetScaler
16 29 (2.00%) Cisco ASA
17 24 (1.65%) MPLS
17 24 (1.65%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 337 (23.23%) SQL Server
2 160 (11.03%) SQL Server 2012
3 79 (5.44%) SQL Server 2008
4 51 (3.51%) Oracle Database
5 50 (3.45%) SQL Server 2005
5 50 (3.45%) SQL Server 2014
6 35 (2.41%) Oracle Reports
7 34 (2.34%) Relational Database
8 29 (2.00%) Oracle Database 11g
9 27 (1.86%) Oracle Database 10g
9 27 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 21 (1.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 19 (1.31%) RDBMS
12 16 (1.10%) BusinessObjects
13 15 (1.03%) PostgreSQL
14 14 (0.96%) Data Warehouse
15 13 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
16 10 (0.69%) Crystal Reports
16 10 (0.69%) MySQL
17 9 (0.62%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 69 (4.76%) Team Foundation Server
2 56 (3.86%) Git (software)
3 38 (2.62%) Jenkins
4 35 (2.41%) TeamCity
5 29 (2.00%) MSI
6 28 (1.93%) Octopus Deploy
7 17 (1.17%) JIRA
7 17 (1.17%) Visual Studio
8 15 (1.03%) HP UFT
8 15 (1.03%) Oracle APEX
8 15 (1.03%) Selenium
8 15 (1.03%) SpecFlow
9 11 (0.76%) Oracle Forms
9 11 (0.76%) SoapUI
10 9 (0.62%) Ant
10 9 (0.62%) Eclipse
10 9 (0.62%) TestNG
10 9 (0.62%) Toad
11 7 (0.48%) LoadRunner
11 7 (0.48%) MSBuild
General
1 220 (15.16%) Finance
2 50 (3.45%) Banking
3 39 (2.69%) Manufacturing
4 38 (2.62%) Retail
5 36 (2.48%) Law
6 28 (1.93%) Telecoms
7 22 (1.52%) Legal
8 20 (1.38%) Back Office
9 14 (0.96%) Marketing
10 11 (0.76%) Games
10 11 (0.76%) Local Government
10 11 (0.76%) Publishing
11 10 (0.69%) Electronics
11 10 (0.69%) Investment Banking
12 9 (0.62%) Advertising
13 5 (0.34%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.34%) Military
14 4 (0.28%) Front Office
14 4 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.21%) Billing
Job Titles
1 211 (14.54%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 153 (10.54%) Analyst
3 147 (10.13%) Support Engineer
3 147 (10.13%) Windows Engineer
4 109 (7.51%) 3rd Line Engineer
5 98 (6.75%) Consultant
6 96 (6.62%) Server Engineer
7 91 (6.27%) 3rd Line Support
8 84 (5.79%) Administrator
9 81 (5.58%) Architect
10 69 (4.76%) Systems Engineer
11 65 (4.48%) VMware Engineer
12 61 (4.20%) 2nd Line Support
12 61 (4.20%) Support Analyst
13 55 (3.79%) PowerShell Engineer
14 49 (3.38%) IT Support
15 48 (3.31%) Active Directory Engineer
15 48 (3.31%) Wintel Engineer
16 45 (3.10%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
17 41 (2.83%) Windows Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (7.58%) .NET
2 43 (2.96%) Web Services
3 24 (1.65%) XML
4 18 (1.24%) HTML
5 17 (1.17%) CSS
6 15 (1.03%) ASP.NET
7 14 (0.96%) Middleware
8 9 (0.62%) .NET Framework
8 9 (0.62%) SAML
9 8 (0.55%) JSON
9 8 (0.55%) MSMQ
9 8 (0.55%) Software Packaging
10 7 (0.48%) SOAP
10 7 (0.48%) WebSphere MQ
10 7 (0.48%) XSLT
11 6 (0.41%) WAP
12 5 (0.34%) ADSI
12 5 (0.34%) Java EE
12 5 (0.34%) REST
13 4 (0.28%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 126 (8.68%) Data Centre
2 118 (8.13%) Clustering
3 60 (4.14%) Analytical Skills
4 52 (3.58%) Replication
5 45 (3.10%) Management Information System
6 43 (2.96%) PKI
7 31 (2.14%) Computer Science
8 29 (2.00%) Client/Server
9 25 (1.72%) Video Conferencing
10 23 (1.59%) Blackberry
11 16 (1.10%) EMC VNX
11 16 (1.10%) Private Cloud
12 14 (0.96%) Fat Client
12 14 (0.96%) Thin Client
13 13 (0.90%) Driving Licence
13 13 (0.90%) EPoS
14 11 (0.76%) Virtual Team
15 9 (0.62%) Public Cloud
16 8 (0.55%) Handset
16 8 (0.55%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 1451 (100.00%) Windows
2 1063 (73.26%) Windows Server
3 908 (62.58%) Windows Server 2008
4 352 (24.26%) Windows Server 2003
5 304 (20.95%) Windows 7
6 242 (16.68%) Linux
7 217 (14.96%) Windows 10
8 105 (7.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 92 (6.34%) Windows 8
10 71 (4.89%) Unix
11 62 (4.27%) Windows XP
12 29 (2.00%) CentOS
13 28 (1.93%) Android
14 20 (1.38%) SUSE
15 18 (1.24%) Mac OS X
16 16 (1.10%) Windows Vista
17 15 (1.03%) AIX
17 15 (1.03%) HPUX
18 12 (0.83%) Solaris
19 11 (0.76%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (18.26%) ITIL
2 202 (13.92%) Migration
3 101 (6.96%) Change Management
4 85 (5.86%) Agile Software Development
5 80 (5.51%) Disaster Recovery
6 77 (5.31%) DevOps
7 70 (4.82%) Configuration Management
8 67 (4.62%) Project Management
9 56 (3.86%) Service Management
10 50 (3.45%) Problem Management
11 47 (3.24%) Incident Management
12 46 (3.17%) Patch Management
13 45 (3.10%) Continuous Integration
14 42 (2.89%) ITIL V3
15 40 (2.76%) High Availability
16 38 (2.62%) Continuous Delivery
16 38 (2.62%) Server Building
16 38 (2.62%) Service Delivery
16 38 (2.62%) Stakeholder Management
17 36 (2.48%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 439 (30.25%) PowerShell
2 292 (20.12%) SQL
3 79 (5.44%) C#
4 59 (4.07%) VBScript
5 55 (3.79%) VB
6 35 (2.41%) Java
7 32 (2.21%) XAML
8 31 (2.14%) Python
9 30 (2.07%) JavaScript
10 27 (1.86%) Bash Shell
11 21 (1.45%) C
12 20 (1.38%) T-SQL
13 19 (1.31%) PL/SQL
14 15 (1.03%) F#
15 14 (0.96%) Perl
16 13 (0.90%) Ruby
17 12 (0.83%) REXX
17 12 (0.83%) Shell Script
17 12 (0.83%) Tcl
18 11 (0.76%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 261 (17.99%) Security Cleared
2 219 (15.09%) Microsoft Certification
3 188 (12.96%) SC Cleared
4 144 (9.92%) MCSE
5 73 (5.03%) Cisco Certification
6 66 (4.55%) Degree
7 63 (4.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 60 (4.14%) MCSA
9 54 (3.72%) MCITP
10 53 (3.65%) DV Cleared
11 52 (3.58%) CCNA
11 52 (3.58%) MCP
12 35 (2.41%) CCNP
13 32 (2.21%) DBS Check
14 24 (1.65%) MCTS
15 19 (1.31%) Citrix Certification
16 16 (1.10%) ITIL Certification
17 10 (0.69%) CCA
17 10 (0.69%) ISEB
17 10 (0.69%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.20%) SLA
2 19 (1.31%) JSP 440
2 19 (1.31%) PCI DSS
3 14 (0.96%) QA
4 13 (0.90%) Disclosure Scotland
4 13 (0.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.48%) GDPR
7 6 (0.41%) PMO
8 5 (0.34%) ISO 9001
9 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.069%) GCP
10 1 (0.069%) PMBOK
System Software
1 876 (60.37%) Active Directory
2 402 (27.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 248 (17.09%) Hyper-V
4 147 (10.13%) XenApp
5 145 (9.99%) vSphere
6 105 (7.24%) VMware ESXi
7 75 (5.17%) Microsoft App-V
8 74 (5.10%) XenDesktop
9 66 (4.55%) VMware ESX
10 63 (4.34%) Virtual Machines
11 29 (2.00%) Terminal Services
12 24 (1.65%) Virtual Desktop
12 24 (1.65%) Virtual Servers
13 14 (0.96%) Docker
14 12 (0.83%) VMware Server
15 11 (0.76%) XenServer
16 10 (0.69%) UAG
17 9 (0.62%) DFS Replication
17 9 (0.62%) ISA Server
17 9 (0.62%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 248 (17.09%) SCCM
2 82 (5.65%) SCOM
3 71 (4.89%) WSUS
4 61 (4.20%) Puppet
5 46 (3.17%) NetBackup
6 42 (2.89%) Microsoft Clustering
7 41 (2.83%) vCenter Server
8 29 (2.00%) Norton AntiVirus
9 28 (1.93%) Backup Exec
9 28 (1.93%) Opscode Chef
10 24 (1.65%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
11 23 (1.59%) vRealize
12 22 (1.52%) OpenView Configuration Management
13 21 (1.45%) Ansible
13 21 (1.45%) McAfee ePO
14 20 (1.38%) AirWatch
14 20 (1.38%) PowerCLI
15 19 (1.31%) Failover Clustering
15 19 (1.31%) Nagios
16 18 (1.24%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 703 (48.45%) Microsoft
2 691 (47.62%) VMware
3 284 (19.57%) Citrix
4 224 (15.44%) Cisco
5 201 (13.85%) HP
6 114 (7.86%) Red Hat
7 92 (6.34%) Oracle
8 90 (6.20%) NetApp
9 84 (5.79%) Symantec
10 67 (4.62%) Dell
11 55 (3.79%) Intel Security
12 53 (3.65%) EMC
13 52 (3.58%) Apple
14 41 (2.83%) Veeam
15 33 (2.27%) Sophos
16 31 (2.14%) IBM
17 29 (2.00%) CheckPoint
18 27 (1.86%) SAP
19 24 (1.65%) Veritas
20 22 (1.52%) Lumension
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Roc Search
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Joseph Harry Ltd
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Spring Technology
Posted: 7 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Spring Technology
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Berkshire
Venn Group
Rate: £150 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
Informatiq Consulting
Rate: £40 - £50 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £150.00 - £151 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Andover, Hampshire
Trust In Soda
Posted: 2 days ago
Central London / West End
Lennon Wright
Posted: 3 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £300 - £330 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Liverpool, Merseyside
Oscar
Rate: £10 - £15 per hour
Posted: 3 days ago
Cumbria
Executive Resource Group
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Venn Group
Rate: £220 - £240 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Brightred Resourcing Limited
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Melrose, Roxburghshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £115.00 - £130.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Essex
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Posted: 6 days ago
Erskine, Renfrewshire
LA International
Posted: 6 days ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
MAPP - IT, Digital, Broadcasting & Media Recruitment Specialists
Rate: £35,000 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Haysfm
Rate: £500.00 - £650.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
IQ Public Sector
Rate: £300.00 - £354.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
LA International
Rate: £300 - £400 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Randstad Strategic Accounts
Rate: £27000 - £33000 per annum
Posted: 6 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
MHR
Rate: Competitive Salary, Free Parking, 25 Days Holiday, Free Training
Posted: 17 days ago
London
AMS contingency
Posted: 22 days ago
Sheffield
People Source Consulting
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 9 days ago