Period
to 22 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 56 42
Rank change year-on-year -24 -14 -9
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,652 4,147 4,783
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.95% 4.06% 4.99%
As % of the Operating Systems category 14.36% 19.54% 23.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,605 2,580 2,956
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
90th Percentile £641 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 52 57
UK median hourly rate £36.98 £28.75 £31.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.61% -8.73% +12.50%
10th Percentile £18.25 £13.43 £13.69
90th Percentile £58.85 £57.25 £47.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.49 £28.75 £30.00
% change year-on-year +26.91% -4.17% -4.76%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,462 21,223 19,961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.55% 20.78% 20.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,561 13,187 12,541
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £150 £175 £188
90th Percentile £619 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £388
% change year-on-year +2.56% +0.65% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,214 1,486 1,144
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +1.45% +4.55%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.75
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year - +3.13% -3.03%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 2,373 £500 - 577
UK excluding London -11 1,481 £450 +5.88% 422
London -34 1,099 £525 -4.55% 205
South East -38 390 £466 +3.61% 117
North of England -2 317 £463 +15.63% 84
East of England +14 210 £438 -2.78% 50
Midlands -19 186 £400 - 67
South West +2 160 £475 +11.76% 54
Scotland -9 156 £430 +7.50% 33
North West -4 146 £452 +9.45% 43
West Midlands -13 136 £386 -9.12% 37
Yorkshire +11 134 £475 +18.75% 33
East Midlands -12 50 £450 +12.50% 29
Wales -1 39 £400 -7.25% 11
North East +3 37 £360 -7.69% 8
Northern Ireland +12 28 £523 +64.57% 7

For the 6 months to 22 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,636 (61.69%) Linux
2 951 (35.86%) SQL
3 926 (34.92%) Java
4 859 (32.39%) Agile Software Development
5 832 (31.37%) Oracle
6 627 (23.64%) Windows
7 605 (22.81%) Python
8 569 (21.46%) AWS
9 545 (20.55%) DevOps
10 503 (18.97%) Finance
11 470 (17.72%) Shell Script
12 460 (17.35%) Git (software)
13 454 (17.12%) Jenkins
14 381 (14.37%) Docker
15 361 (13.61%) Test Automation
16 357 (13.46%) TDD
17 352 (13.27%) Security Cleared
18 328 (12.37%) JIRA
19 324 (12.22%) Problem-Solving
20 320 (12.07%) Azure
21 304 (11.46%) Ansible
22 298 (11.24%) Banking
23 297 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
24 291 (10.97%) Oracle Database
25 282 (10.63%) Perl
26 274 (10.33%) JavaScript
27 266 (10.03%) Kubernetes
28 251 (9.46%) Red Hat
29 246 (9.28%) Migration
30 245 (9.24%) Relational Database

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (7.32%) Confluence
2 170 (6.41%) Apache
3 133 (5.02%) Apache Spark
4 108 (4.07%) WebLogic
5 96 (3.62%) JBoss
6 75 (2.83%) WebSphere
7 71 (2.68%) Tomcat
8 55 (2.07%) SAS
9 54 (2.04%) Elasticsearch
10 42 (1.58%) nginx
10 42 (1.58%) OpenStack
11 39 (1.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 38 (1.43%) IIS
13 30 (1.13%) WebSphere Application Server
14 27 (1.02%) SharePoint
15 24 (0.90%) MS Exchange
16 20 (0.75%) NetWeaver
17 16 (0.60%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
19 13 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 36 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
4 11 (0.41%) SPSS
4 11 (0.41%) Stata
5 10 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.34%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.075%) Acrobat
7 2 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.038%) Abaqus
8 1 (0.038%) CATIA
8 1 (0.038%) FileZilla
8 1 (0.038%) Notepad++
8 1 (0.038%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 29 (1.09%) BusinessWorks
2 22 (0.83%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 20 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
4 17 (0.64%) Sonata
5 16 (0.60%) Oracle EBS R12
5 16 (0.60%) Oracle Payables
6 15 (0.57%) assyst
6 15 (0.57%) Remedy ITSM
7 14 (0.53%) Oracle Receivables
8 13 (0.49%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 12 (0.45%) Oracle Assets
9 12 (0.45%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 11 (0.41%) CSG Singleview
10 11 (0.41%) Oracle General Ledger
11 10 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
11 10 (0.38%) Oracle Cash Management
12 9 (0.34%) Oracle Internet Expenses
13 6 (0.23%) Magento
13 6 (0.23%) Oracle AML
13 6 (0.23%) Oracle FAH
Cloud Services
1 569 (21.46%) AWS
2 320 (12.07%) Azure
3 133 (5.02%) GitHub
4 91 (3.43%) PaaS
5 82 (3.09%) Amazon S3
6 79 (2.98%) Amazon EC2
7 77 (2.90%) GCP
8 67 (2.53%) SaaS
9 60 (2.26%) Serverless
10 57 (2.15%) IaaS
11 54 (2.04%) AWS CloudFormation
12 49 (1.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 49 (1.85%) AWS Lambda
13 46 (1.73%) OpenShift
14 44 (1.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 36 (1.36%) Amazon ECS
16 30 (1.13%) Office 365
17 27 (1.02%) Route 53
18 26 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
19 21 (0.79%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 152 (5.73%) Firewall
2 146 (5.51%) TCP/IP
3 136 (5.13%) HTTP
4 113 (4.26%) DNS
5 99 (3.73%) SAN
6 97 (3.66%) LAN
7 91 (3.43%) WAN
8 66 (2.49%) Internet
9 62 (2.34%) SSL
10 52 (1.96%) VPN
11 45 (1.70%) HTTPS
12 38 (1.43%) OSPF
13 37 (1.40%) BGP
13 37 (1.40%) DHCP
14 31 (1.17%) Intrusion Detection
15 30 (1.13%) NAS
15 30 (1.13%) Network Security
16 29 (1.09%) MPLS
17 28 (1.06%) VLAN
18 25 (0.94%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 291 (10.97%) Oracle Database
2 245 (9.24%) Relational Database
3 200 (7.54%) SQL Server
4 196 (7.39%) MySQL
5 187 (7.05%) MongoDB
6 171 (6.45%) Big Data
7 164 (6.18%) Hadoop
8 140 (5.28%) RDBMS
9 113 (4.26%) Data Warehouse
10 111 (4.19%) PostgreSQL
11 101 (3.81%) NoSQL
12 95 (3.58%) Apache Hive
13 90 (3.39%) HBase
14 75 (2.83%) DB2
15 73 (2.75%) Oracle Database 11g
16 67 (2.53%) Oracle Database 12c
17 54 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
18 45 (1.70%) Impala
19 40 (1.51%) Pentaho
20 39 (1.47%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 460 (17.35%) Git (software)
2 454 (17.12%) Jenkins
3 328 (12.37%) JIRA
4 136 (5.13%) JUnit
5 113 (4.26%) Maven
6 110 (4.15%) Mockito
7 100 (3.77%) Cucumber
8 89 (3.36%) Selenium
9 83 (3.13%) Subversion
10 68 (2.56%) Bitbucket
11 63 (2.38%) SoapUI
12 52 (1.96%) GitLab
13 48 (1.81%) Eclipse
14 46 (1.73%) TeamCity
15 45 (1.70%) Ant
16 42 (1.58%) Gradle
16 42 (1.58%) Oracle Forms
17 35 (1.32%) Artifactory
18 31 (1.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 29 (1.09%) CA Gen
General
1 503 (18.97%) Finance
2 298 (11.24%) Banking
3 139 (5.24%) Public Sector
4 80 (3.02%) Investment Banking
5 76 (2.87%) Telecoms
6 65 (2.45%) Front Office
7 54 (2.04%) Retail
8 47 (1.77%) Legal
9 32 (1.21%) Games
10 29 (1.09%) Retail Banking
11 25 (0.94%) Financial Institution
12 24 (0.90%) Law
13 19 (0.72%) Back Office
13 19 (0.72%) Manufacturing
14 17 (0.64%) Marketing
15 13 (0.49%) Publishing
16 11 (0.41%) Billing
16 11 (0.41%) Electronics
17 8 (0.30%) Aerospace
18 7 (0.26%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 744 (28.05%) Developer
2 289 (10.90%) Java Developer
3 241 (9.09%) Analyst
4 191 (7.20%) DevOps Engineer
5 171 (6.45%) Administrator
6 163 (6.15%) Architect
7 144 (5.43%) Consultant
8 99 (3.73%) Unix Engineer
9 97 (3.66%) Senior Developer
10 94 (3.54%) DBA
11 83 (3.13%) Linux Engineer
12 77 (2.90%) Systems Administrator
13 73 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
14 72 (2.71%) Support Analyst
15 70 (2.64%) Oracle DBA
16 68 (2.56%) Unix Administrator
17 67 (2.53%) Data Engineer
18 66 (2.49%) Software Engineer
19 56 (2.11%) Senior Java Developer
20 55 (2.07%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 233 (8.79%) Spring
2 186 (7.01%) Web Services
3 185 (6.98%) HTML
4 180 (6.79%) XML
5 153 (5.77%) SOAP
6 146 (5.51%) Middleware
7 142 (5.35%) CSS
8 127 (4.79%) J2EE
8 127 (4.79%) REST
9 118 (4.45%) Kafka
9 118 (4.45%) Node.js
10 112 (4.22%) JSON
11 93 (3.51%) RESTful
12 89 (3.36%) Spring Boot
13 87 (3.28%) JAX-RS
14 85 (3.21%) ActiveMQ
15 78 (2.94%) AngularJS
16 77 (2.90%) LDAP
17 71 (2.68%) React
18 66 (2.49%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 237 (8.94%) Analytical Skills
2 156 (5.88%) Linux Command Line
3 110 (4.15%) Management Information System
4 101 (3.81%) Data Centre
5 85 (3.21%) Clustering
6 69 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
7 55 (2.07%) Equities
8 52 (1.96%) Replication
9 50 (1.89%) PKI
10 49 (1.85%) Mainframe
11 46 (1.73%) Algorithms
12 41 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 38 (1.43%) Client/Server
13 38 (1.43%) Data Protection Act
14 34 (1.28%) Data Structures
14 34 (1.28%) User Experience
15 33 (1.24%) Derivative
16 30 (1.13%) Enterprise Software
17 29 (1.09%) Greenfield Project
18 27 (1.02%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,636 (61.69%) Linux
2 627 (23.64%) Windows
3 210 (7.92%) Solaris
4 208 (7.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 149 (5.62%) Mac OS X
6 131 (4.94%) AIX
7 125 (4.71%) Windows Server
8 114 (4.30%) CentOS
9 38 (1.43%) HPUX
10 33 (1.24%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (0.98%) Ubuntu
12 25 (0.94%) Windows Server 2008
13 23 (0.87%) Apple iOS
14 22 (0.83%) Mac OS
15 20 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
16 18 (0.68%) SUSE
17 17 (0.64%) zOS
18 16 (0.60%) Windows 10
19 14 (0.53%) Oracle Linux
20 13 (0.49%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 859 (32.39%) Agile Software Development
2 545 (20.55%) DevOps
3 361 (13.61%) Test Automation
4 357 (13.46%) TDD
5 324 (12.22%) Problem-Solving
6 297 (11.20%) Continuous Integration
7 246 (9.28%) Migration
8 245 (9.24%) Microservices
9 235 (8.86%) BDD
10 226 (8.52%) Configuration Management
11 212 (7.99%) Scrum
12 203 (7.65%) ITIL
13 179 (6.75%) ETL
14 157 (5.92%) Continuous Deployment
15 155 (5.84%) Software Engineering
16 152 (5.73%) Web Development
17 144 (5.43%) Performance Tuning
18 143 (5.39%) OO
19 123 (4.64%) Data Protection
20 121 (4.56%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 951 (35.86%) SQL
2 926 (34.92%) Java
3 605 (22.81%) Python
4 470 (17.72%) Shell Script
5 282 (10.63%) Perl
6 274 (10.33%) JavaScript
7 232 (8.75%) PL/SQL
8 189 (7.13%) Bash Shell
9 153 (5.77%) C
10 147 (5.54%) Java 8
11 141 (5.32%) C++
12 132 (4.98%) Ruby
13 128 (4.83%) PowerShell
14 108 (4.07%) Scala
15 74 (2.79%) Korn
16 72 (2.71%) C#
17 56 (2.11%) PHP
18 46 (1.73%) R
19 37 (1.40%) Go
20 22 (0.83%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 352 (13.27%) Security Cleared
2 243 (9.16%) SC Cleared
3 163 (6.15%) Degree
4 96 (3.62%) DV Cleared
5 62 (2.34%) Cisco Certification
6 50 (1.89%) CISSP
7 49 (1.85%) ISTQB
8 46 (1.73%) ISEB
9 45 (1.70%) ITIL Certification
10 42 (1.58%) CCNP
10 42 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
10 42 (1.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 41 (1.55%) AWS Certification
12 37 (1.40%) BPSS Clearance
13 35 (1.32%) CCNA
14 27 (1.02%) CCIE
15 22 (0.83%) Master's Degree
16 21 (0.79%) Sun Certification
17 19 (0.72%) CISM
18 18 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (3.70%) QA
2 37 (1.40%) SLA
3 25 (0.94%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 19 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.64%) Data Quality
7 14 (0.53%) WCAG
8 11 (0.41%) GDPR
9 9 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.26%) COBIT
10 7 (0.26%) MiFID
11 6 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 5 (0.19%) ITGC
13 4 (0.15%) COREP
13 4 (0.15%) FINREP
14 2 (0.075%) CRD IV
14 2 (0.075%) HL7
14 2 (0.075%) NIST
14 2 (0.075%) SEPA
14 2 (0.075%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 381 (14.37%) Docker
2 136 (5.13%) Active Directory
3 125 (4.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 75 (2.83%) Oracle RAC
5 61 (2.30%) HDFS
6 34 (1.28%) VMware ESXi
7 28 (1.06%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.94%) vSphere
9 21 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
10 19 (0.72%) Apache Flume
11 17 (0.64%) XenApp
12 16 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 13 (0.49%) Firmware
13 13 (0.49%) KVM
13 13 (0.49%) NFS
13 13 (0.49%) VMware NSX
14 10 (0.38%) RACF
14 10 (0.38%) Samba
14 10 (0.38%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 10 (0.38%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 304 (11.46%) Ansible
2 266 (10.03%) Kubernetes
3 185 (6.98%) Puppet
4 165 (6.22%) Terraform
5 130 (4.90%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.89%) Hadoop YARN
7 39 (1.47%) Control-M
7 39 (1.47%) Data Guard
8 38 (1.43%) NetBackup
9 33 (1.24%) Oracle RMAN
9 33 (1.24%) Single Sign-On
10 30 (1.13%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 29 (1.09%) Grafana
12 28 (1.06%) SCCM
13 27 (1.02%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 27 (1.02%) Tivoli
14 23 (0.87%) vRealize
15 22 (0.83%) Avamar
16 21 (0.79%) vCenter Server
17 20 (0.75%) Oozie
Vendors
1 832 (31.37%) Oracle
2 251 (9.46%) Red Hat
3 237 (8.94%) Microsoft
4 218 (8.22%) VMware
5 183 (6.90%) IBM
6 109 (4.11%) Cisco
7 90 (3.39%) HP
8 88 (3.32%) Informatica
9 82 (3.09%) Atlassian
9 82 (3.09%) Google
10 77 (2.90%) Splunk
11 72 (2.71%) EMC
12 66 (2.49%) SAP
13 63 (2.38%) Sun
14 54 (2.04%) Sybase
14 54 (2.04%) webMethods
15 50 (1.89%) Veritas
16 49 (1.85%) Citrix
16 49 (1.85%) NetApp
17 44 (1.66%) TIBCO