Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 37 31
Rank change year-on-year -8 -6 -1
Contract jobs citing Unix 4,327 4,690 5,878
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.38% 4.88% 5.44%
As % of the Operating Systems category 21.13% 23.12% 25.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,749 2,939 3,595
UK median daily rate £488 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.43% +2.94% -
10th Percentile £319 £300 £293
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 79 108
UK median hourly rate £31.15 £36.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -13.47% -2.70% +18.12%
10th Percentile £14.13 £17.81 £17.00
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £54.26
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.15 £36.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -13.47% -2.70% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,482 20,285 23,131
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.74% 21.12% 21.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,059 12,738 13,726
UK median daily rate £425 £403 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.59% +0.63% +6.67%
10th Percentile £168 £190 £185
90th Percentile £613 £575 £569
UK excluding London median daily rate £386 £370 £365
% change year-on-year +4.39% +1.37% +5.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,250 1,269 1,805
UK median hourly rate £17.43 £16.50 £16.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.64% -0.96% +4.13%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.59 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.13% -3.03% +3.13%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 3,982 £500 +13.64% 934
London -8 2,304 £525 +10.53% 468
UK excluding London -14 1,966 £425 +6.25% 512
South East -1 727 £450 +8.11% 138
North of England -22 387 £425 +8.28% 123
Midlands -14 260 £375 -6.25% 70
Scotland -16 173 £425 +8.97% 37
South West +2 165 £440 +17.33% 49
West Midlands -4 156 £400 -5.88% 38
Yorkshire -8 153 £450 +5.88% 39
North West -35 145 £425 - 72
East of England -39 129 £475 +58.33% 86
North East -8 103 £400 +19.40% 12
Northern Ireland +7 99 £423 -26.42% 2
East Midlands -18 95 £350 -6.67% 32
Wales -16 31 £415 -2.35% 7

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,589 (59.83%) Linux
2 1,652 (38.18%) Java
3 1,428 (33.00%) SQL
4 1,187 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
5 1,115 (25.77%) Oracle
6 1,099 (25.40%) Windows
7 1,081 (24.98%) Finance
8 985 (22.76%) Python
9 837 (19.34%) DevOps
10 779 (18.00%) Git (software)
11 705 (16.29%) Banking
12 687 (15.88%) Shell Script
13 644 (14.88%) Jenkins
14 642 (14.84%) Perl
15 557 (12.87%) Relational Database
16 527 (12.18%) Amazon AWS
17 514 (11.88%) Analytical Skills
18 498 (11.51%) Red Hat
19 494 (11.42%) Ansible
20 483 (11.16%) Security Cleared
21 476 (11.00%) Puppet
22 475 (10.98%) JavaScript
23 468 (10.82%) Continuous Integration
24 464 (10.72%) Solaris
25 454 (10.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
26 438 (10.12%) Test Automation
27 429 (9.91%) Docker
28 422 (9.75%) Spring
29 404 (9.34%) JIRA
30 398 (9.20%) Bash Shell

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (7.58%) Apache
2 286 (6.61%) Tomcat
3 231 (5.34%) JBoss
4 226 (5.22%) Confluence
5 187 (4.32%) WebLogic
6 142 (3.28%) WebSphere
7 124 (2.87%) Apache Spark
8 115 (2.66%) IIS
9 84 (1.94%) SAS
10 81 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
11 78 (1.80%) WildFly
12 62 (1.43%) OpenStack
13 61 (1.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 57 (1.32%) Cloud Foundry
15 55 (1.27%) MQSeries
16 51 (1.18%) nginx
17 46 (1.06%) MS Exchange
18 38 (0.88%) SharePoint
19 35 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
20 28 (0.65%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 75 (1.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 69 (1.59%) Microsoft Office
3 54 (1.25%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.28%) HipChat
7 10 (0.23%) Pipeline Pilot
8 8 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.14%) SPSS
10 3 (0.069%) InVision
11 2 (0.046%) Weka
12 1 (0.023%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.023%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.023%) PrintSoft PReS
12 1 (0.023%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 33 (0.76%) Oracle Applications
2 30 (0.69%) Oracle BPM
3 22 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
3 22 (0.51%) Temenos T24
4 21 (0.49%) RMDS
5 20 (0.46%) Magento
6 19 (0.44%) ION MarketView
7 16 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
8 13 (0.30%) Oracle 11i
9 12 (0.28%) Kondor
9 12 (0.28%) Sonata
10 11 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
11 9 (0.21%) SAP ERP
12 8 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
12 8 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 8 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
13 6 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
14 5 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
14 5 (0.12%) Oracle Utilities
14 5 (0.12%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 527 (12.18%) Amazon AWS
2 190 (4.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 137 (3.17%) GitHub
4 83 (1.92%) PaaS
5 68 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
6 63 (1.46%) IaaS
7 59 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
8 51 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 50 (1.16%) SaaS
10 48 (1.11%) Amazon S3
11 40 (0.92%) AWS CloudFormation
12 38 (0.88%) Serverless
13 34 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
14 33 (0.76%) npm
15 32 (0.74%) Route 53
16 31 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 31 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
17 25 (0.58%) OpenShift
18 24 (0.55%) CloudFront
19 20 (0.46%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 337 (7.79%) Firewall
2 323 (7.46%) TCP/IP
3 208 (4.81%) HTTP
4 199 (4.60%) SAN
5 158 (3.65%) DNS
6 120 (2.77%) Internet
7 105 (2.43%) SSL
8 94 (2.17%) NAS
8 94 (2.17%) Network Security
9 78 (1.80%) VPN
10 77 (1.78%) WAN
11 72 (1.66%) LAN
12 58 (1.34%) Kerberos
13 51 (1.18%) DHCP
13 51 (1.18%) SSH
14 41 (0.95%) VLAN
15 38 (0.88%) BIG-IP
16 37 (0.86%) SNMP
17 33 (0.76%) SMS
18 32 (0.74%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 557 (12.87%) Relational Database
2 332 (7.67%) SQL Server
3 286 (6.61%) Oracle Database
4 268 (6.19%) MySQL
5 248 (5.73%) RDBMS
6 239 (5.52%) NoSQL
7 234 (5.41%) Big Data
8 230 (5.32%) Hadoop
9 183 (4.23%) MongoDB
10 165 (3.81%) DB2
11 148 (3.42%) PostgreSQL
12 114 (2.63%) Apache Cassandra
13 112 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
14 82 (1.90%) Apache Hive
15 81 (1.87%) HBase
16 75 (1.73%) Oracle Database 11g
17 54 (1.25%) Redis
18 51 (1.18%) KDB
19 48 (1.11%) Oracle Database 12c
20 45 (1.04%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 779 (18.00%) Git (software)
2 644 (14.88%) Jenkins
3 404 (9.34%) JIRA
4 379 (8.76%) Maven
5 267 (6.17%) Subversion
6 262 (6.06%) JUnit
7 187 (4.32%) Mockito
8 142 (3.28%) Cucumber
9 138 (3.19%) Selenium
10 107 (2.47%) TeamCity
11 101 (2.33%) Gradle
12 96 (2.22%) Vagrant
13 89 (2.06%) Sonatype Nexus
14 86 (1.99%) Eclipse
15 79 (1.83%) Liquibase
16 72 (1.66%) IntelliJ
17 69 (1.59%) SonarQube
18 68 (1.57%) Checkstyle
19 63 (1.46%) Ant
20 57 (1.32%) JMeter
General
1 1,081 (24.98%) Finance
2 705 (16.29%) Banking
3 248 (5.73%) Investment Banking
4 236 (5.45%) Front Office
5 105 (2.43%) Retail
5 105 (2.43%) Telecoms
6 65 (1.50%) Games
7 60 (1.39%) Financial Institution
8 38 (0.88%) Retail Banking
9 33 (0.76%) Manufacturing
10 32 (0.74%) Marketing
11 30 (0.69%) Legal
12 29 (0.67%) Back Office
13 24 (0.55%) Law
14 19 (0.44%) Electronics
14 19 (0.44%) Publishing
15 14 (0.32%) Advertising
16 12 (0.28%) Billing
17 9 (0.21%) International Banking
18 8 (0.18%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,351 (31.22%) Developer
2 621 (14.35%) Java Developer
3 439 (10.15%) DevOps Engineer
4 418 (9.66%) Analyst
5 314 (7.26%) Administrator
6 272 (6.29%) Consultant
7 234 (5.41%) Architect
8 230 (5.32%) Senior Developer
9 184 (4.25%) Unix Engineer
10 160 (3.70%) Linux Engineer
11 155 (3.58%) Support Analyst
12 154 (3.56%) Senior Java Developer
13 148 (3.42%) Systems Administrator
14 141 (3.26%) AWS DevOps
15 140 (3.24%) C++ Developer
16 139 (3.21%) AWS Engineer
17 130 (3.00%) Applications Support
18 129 (2.98%) Unix Administrator
19 114 (2.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 112 (2.59%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 422 (9.75%) Spring
2 393 (9.08%) Web Services
3 352 (8.13%) XML
4 344 (7.95%) REST
5 306 (7.07%) HTML
6 300 (6.93%) RESTful
7 259 (5.99%) J2EE
8 248 (5.73%) Middleware
9 239 (5.52%) JSON
10 213 (4.92%) .NET
11 212 (4.90%) Hibernate
12 205 (4.74%) CSS
13 181 (4.18%) Kafka
14 179 (4.14%) JMS
15 177 (4.09%) SOAP
16 164 (3.79%) Node.js
17 159 (3.67%) FIX Protocol
18 143 (3.30%) AngularJS
19 135 (3.12%) LDAP
20 121 (2.80%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 514 (11.88%) Analytical Skills
2 230 (5.32%) Linux Command Line
3 180 (4.16%) Data Centre
4 179 (4.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 135 (3.12%) Computer Science
6 129 (2.98%) Equities
6 129 (2.98%) Management Information System
7 91 (2.10%) Clustering
8 76 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
9 75 (1.73%) Fixed Income
10 71 (1.64%) Derivative
10 71 (1.64%) Mainframe
10 71 (1.64%) PKI
11 70 (1.62%) Greenfield Project
12 67 (1.55%) Replication
12 67 (1.55%) Virtual Team
13 61 (1.41%) Public Cloud
14 59 (1.36%) Data Structures
15 58 (1.34%) Algorithms
16 49 (1.13%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 2,589 (59.83%) Linux
2 1,099 (25.40%) Windows
3 464 (10.72%) Solaris
4 454 (10.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 256 (5.92%) AIX
6 212 (4.90%) Windows Server
7 150 (3.47%) Mac OS X
8 121 (2.80%) CentOS
9 101 (2.33%) HPUX
10 85 (1.96%) VMS
11 73 (1.69%) Windows Server 2008
12 64 (1.48%) SUSE
13 52 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
14 50 (1.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 44 (1.02%) Ubuntu
16 39 (0.90%) Windows 7
17 37 (0.86%) Windows XP
18 33 (0.76%) zOS
19 32 (0.74%) Mac OS
20 28 (0.65%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,187 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
2 837 (19.34%) DevOps
3 468 (10.82%) Continuous Integration
4 438 (10.12%) Test Automation
5 353 (8.16%) TDD
6 347 (8.02%) Configuration Management
7 340 (7.86%) Scrum
8 307 (7.09%) OO
9 305 (7.05%) Migration
10 290 (6.70%) ITIL
11 272 (6.29%) Microservices
12 246 (5.69%) SDLC
13 224 (5.18%) Open Source
14 205 (4.74%) BDD
15 204 (4.71%) Mentoring
16 199 (4.60%) Software Engineering
17 197 (4.55%) Multithreading
18 189 (4.37%) Load Balancing
19 187 (4.32%) Performance Tuning
20 185 (4.28%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,652 (38.18%) Java
2 1,428 (33.00%) SQL
3 985 (22.76%) Python
4 687 (15.88%) Shell Script
5 642 (14.84%) Perl
6 475 (10.98%) JavaScript
7 398 (9.20%) Bash Shell
8 318 (7.35%) Ruby
9 275 (6.36%) C++
10 262 (6.06%) PL/SQL
11 200 (4.62%) Scala
12 165 (3.81%) PowerShell
13 164 (3.79%) C
14 143 (3.30%) C#
15 119 (2.75%) PHP
16 105 (2.43%) Korn
17 81 (1.87%) Groovy
18 64 (1.48%) JPQL
19 57 (1.32%) Go
20 52 (1.20%) R
Qualifications
1 483 (11.16%) Security Cleared
2 327 (7.56%) SC Cleared
3 272 (6.29%) Degree
4 101 (2.33%) CISSP
5 63 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 55 (1.27%) DV Cleared
7 47 (1.09%) CISM
8 41 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
9 39 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
10 34 (0.79%) ITIL Certification
10 34 (0.79%) SANS
11 28 (0.65%) ISEB
12 27 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
13 25 (0.58%) ISTQB
14 23 (0.53%) CCNA
14 23 (0.53%) CCNP
15 21 (0.49%) CEH
16 17 (0.39%) Master's Degree
16 17 (0.39%) MCSE
17 14 (0.32%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 208 (4.81%) QA
2 72 (1.66%) SLA
3 50 (1.16%) MiFID
4 47 (1.09%) PCI DSS
5 39 (0.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 37 (0.86%) GDPR
7 34 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 26 (0.60%) Data Quality
9 21 (0.49%) TARGET2
10 16 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
11 15 (0.35%) GCP
12 11 (0.25%) COBIT
12 11 (0.25%) SEPA
13 9 (0.21%) PMO
14 6 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
14 6 (0.14%) EMIR
14 6 (0.14%) ISO 8583
14 6 (0.14%) RMADS
15 5 (0.12%) IFRS
15 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 429 (9.91%) Docker
2 176 (4.07%) Active Directory
3 143 (3.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 80 (1.85%) HDFS
5 63 (1.46%) NFS
6 59 (1.36%) VMware ESXi
7 50 (1.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 46 (1.06%) vSphere
9 44 (1.02%) Oracle RAC
10 43 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
11 41 (0.95%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 40 (0.92%) Hyper-V
13 37 (0.86%) Samba
14 34 (0.79%) RACF
14 34 (0.79%) Xen
15 33 (0.76%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 25 (0.58%) Veritas File System
17 23 (0.53%) Job Entry Subsystem
18 22 (0.51%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
19 20 (0.46%) KVM
Systems Management
1 494 (11.42%) Ansible
2 476 (11.00%) Puppet
3 285 (6.59%) Opscode Chef
4 167 (3.86%) Kubernetes
5 157 (3.63%) logstash
6 110 (2.54%) Grafana
7 105 (2.43%) Kibana
8 96 (2.22%) Terraform
9 87 (2.01%) Nagios
10 73 (1.69%) NetBackup
11 70 (1.62%) Tivoli
12 62 (1.43%) ITRS Geneos
13 61 (1.41%) Hadoop YARN
14 43 (0.99%) Control-M
15 39 (0.90%) BladeLogic
16 38 (0.88%) Rancher
17 29 (0.67%) Netcool
17 29 (0.67%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 29 (0.67%) Tivoli Storage Manager
18 28 (0.65%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 1,115 (25.77%) Oracle
2 498 (11.51%) Red Hat
3 304 (7.03%) Microsoft
4 257 (5.94%) IBM
5 256 (5.92%) Splunk
6 218 (5.04%) VMware
7 197 (4.55%) HP
8 185 (4.28%) Sybase
9 132 (3.05%) Cisco
10 113 (2.61%) Veritas
11 98 (2.26%) AppDynamics
11 98 (2.26%) SAP
12 92 (2.13%) F5
13 89 (2.06%) EMC
14 88 (2.03%) Citrix
14 88 (2.03%) Sun
15 83 (1.92%) Atlassian
16 73 (1.69%) NetApp
17 72 (1.66%) TIBCO
18 62 (1.43%) Remedy