Period
to 16 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 16 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 78 78 56
Rank change year-on-year 0 -22 -14
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,142 2,830 4,188
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.90% 3.05% 4.04%
As % of the Operating Systems category 14.77% 15.14% 19.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 737 1,742 2,651
Median daily rate £485 £488 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.51% +0.52% +7.78%
10th Percentile £322 £325 £319
90th Percentile £652 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -1.67% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 35 51
Median hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +12.90% -20.51%
10th Percentile £16.11 £14.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £66.00 £52.50 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year - +12.90% -1.59%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,730 18,694 21,571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.61% 20.12% 20.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,725 11,768 13,503
Median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £153 £156 £181
90th Percentile £625 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £390
% change year-on-year - +2.56% -2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 534 1,186 1,468
Median hourly rate £19.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.57% - +6.77%
10th Percentile £12.28 £11.17 £11.17
90th Percentile £48.58 £48.75 £47.50
Median hourly rate £17.50 £16.21 £16.00
% change year-on-year +7.99% +1.28% +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 1,039 £488 -2.50% 170
UK excluding London 0 607 £443 -1.67% 96
London +12 507 £525 -0.71% 83
North of England +11 184 £455 -4.21% 20
South East -3 128 £450 -2.70% 18
Midlands +26 120 £428 +6.47% 22
North West +30 116 £465 +1.31% 13
West Midlands +18 91 £425 +6.78% 13
Work from Home +15 62 £450 - 30
Yorkshire -10 60 £500 +1.52% 5
East of England -27 54 £450 - 11
South West -17 41 £425 -10.53% 15
Scotland -29 41 £425 - 8
East Midlands +35 28 £500 +14.29% 9
Northern Ireland +20 23 £431 -13.80% 1
Wales +21 18 £438 +9.38% 1
North East +7 8 £450 +25.00% 2

For the 6 months to 16 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 707 (61.91%) Linux
2 489 (42.82%) Java
3 420 (36.78%) SQL
4 405 (35.46%) Oracle
5 374 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
6 307 (26.88%) Windows
7 257 (22.50%) Test Automation
7 257 (22.50%) AWS
8 250 (21.89%) DevOps
9 232 (20.32%) Security Cleared
9 232 (20.32%) Python
10 222 (19.44%) Docker
11 208 (18.21%) Shell Script
12 203 (17.78%) Finance
13 198 (17.34%) Azure
14 197 (17.25%) Git (software)
15 196 (17.16%) SC Cleared
16 182 (15.94%) TDD
17 179 (15.67%) Kubernetes
18 167 (14.62%) Jenkins
19 155 (13.57%) Microservices
20 147 (12.87%) Problem-Solving
21 132 (11.56%) XML
21 132 (11.56%) JIRA
22 131 (11.47%) Public Sector
23 127 (11.12%) Oracle Database
24 126 (11.03%) Mac OS X
25 119 (10.42%) PL/SQL
26 118 (10.33%) Perl
26 118 (10.33%) BDD

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (8.58%) WebLogic
2 83 (7.27%) Confluence
3 49 (4.29%) Tomcat
4 38 (3.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 35 (3.06%) SAS
6 32 (2.80%) Apache
7 28 (2.45%) Mule
8 23 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
9 20 (1.75%) WebSphere
10 17 (1.49%) Apache Spark
11 14 (1.23%) JBoss
12 13 (1.14%) OpenStack
12 13 (1.14%) Oracle Workflow
12 13 (1.14%) SharePoint
13 8 (0.70%) Oracle Service Bus
14 6 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
15 5 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.44%) CMS
16 4 (0.35%) IIS
16 4 (0.35%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 40 (3.50%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.84%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.44%) RoboHelp
5 2 (0.18%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.088%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (1.58%) Oracle EBS
2 9 (0.79%) Oracle Payroll
3 7 (0.61%) assyst
3 7 (0.61%) SAP FI-CA
4 6 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.35%) MFGPRO
6 4 (0.35%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.26%) Oracle iSupplier
7 3 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.18%) Q-Pulse
8 2 (0.18%) ResourceLink
9 1 (0.088%) SAP HR
9 1 (0.088%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 257 (22.50%) AWS
2 198 (17.34%) Azure
3 38 (3.33%) GCP
3 38 (3.33%) PaaS
4 34 (2.98%) IaaS
5 33 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
6 29 (2.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 26 (2.28%) Serverless
8 25 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
8 25 (2.19%) Amazon S3
8 25 (2.19%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (2.19%) Office 365
8 25 (2.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 23 (2.01%) Power Platform
10 22 (1.93%) OpenShift
11 21 (1.84%) SaaS
12 19 (1.66%) Coveralls
13 18 (1.58%) GitHub
14 17 (1.49%) AWS CloudTrail
14 17 (1.49%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 86 (7.53%) DNS
2 65 (5.69%) Firewall
3 62 (5.43%) TCP/IP
4 49 (4.29%) HTTP
5 40 (3.50%) WAN
6 33 (2.89%) SAN
7 32 (2.80%) Internet
8 31 (2.71%) LAN
8 31 (2.71%) VPN
9 27 (2.36%) DHCP
10 23 (2.01%) Network Security
10 23 (2.01%) OSPF
11 21 (1.84%) SNMP
12 17 (1.49%) Kerberos
13 14 (1.23%) BGP
13 14 (1.23%) FTP
14 13 (1.14%) Cisco ASA
14 13 (1.14%) SSL
14 13 (1.14%) TACACS
15 12 (1.05%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 127 (11.12%) Oracle Database
2 109 (9.54%) Relational Database
3 106 (9.28%) MongoDB
4 104 (9.11%) SQL Server
5 82 (7.18%) MySQL
6 58 (5.08%) NoSQL
7 54 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
8 51 (4.47%) Big Data
9 49 (4.29%) RDBMS
10 44 (3.85%) Data Warehouse
10 44 (3.85%) Oracle Database 11g
10 44 (3.85%) Pentaho
11 36 (3.15%) Hadoop
12 25 (2.19%) DB2
13 23 (2.01%) Power BI
14 22 (1.93%) Oracle Database 12c
15 20 (1.75%) Amazon Redshift
15 20 (1.75%) Oracle Reports
16 17 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
16 17 (1.49%) BusinessObjects XI
Development Applications
1 197 (17.25%) Git (software)
2 167 (14.62%) Jenkins
3 132 (11.56%) JIRA
4 70 (6.13%) Mockito
5 69 (6.04%) Subversion
6 62 (5.43%) Maven
7 61 (5.34%) Selenium
8 49 (4.29%) Cucumber
9 48 (4.20%) JUnit
10 45 (3.94%) GitLab
11 38 (3.33%) Eclipse
12 35 (3.06%) SonarQube
13 34 (2.98%) Gradle
13 34 (2.98%) Toad
14 29 (2.54%) Bitbucket
14 29 (2.54%) JMeter
15 25 (2.19%) Artifactory
15 25 (2.19%) Jasmine
15 25 (2.19%) TeamCity
16 23 (2.01%) Mocha
General
1 203 (17.78%) Finance
2 131 (11.47%) Public Sector
3 111 (9.72%) Banking
4 38 (3.33%) Investment Banking
5 32 (2.80%) Front Office
6 26 (2.28%) Telecoms
7 20 (1.75%) Manufacturing
8 13 (1.14%) Back Office
9 12 (1.05%) Retail
10 11 (0.96%) Electronics
11 10 (0.88%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.79%) Legal
12 9 (0.79%) Police
13 7 (0.61%) Marketing
13 7 (0.61%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.44%) Games
14 5 (0.44%) Local Government
15 4 (0.35%) Advertising
15 4 (0.35%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.35%) Law
Job Titles
1 324 (28.37%) Developer
2 153 (13.40%) Java Developer
3 97 (8.49%) Analyst
4 75 (6.57%) Administrator
5 72 (6.30%) DevOps Engineer
6 68 (5.95%) Architect
7 51 (4.47%) DBA
8 48 (4.20%) Consultant
9 45 (3.94%) Linux Engineer
10 41 (3.59%) Senior Developer
10 41 (3.59%) Unix Engineer
11 38 (3.33%) Oracle DBA
12 36 (3.15%) AWS Engineer
13 35 (3.06%) Software Engineer
14 32 (2.80%) Systems Engineer
15 31 (2.71%) Cloud Engineer
16 27 (2.36%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 27 (2.36%) Test Engineer
16 27 (2.36%) Tester
17 26 (2.28%) Unix Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (11.56%) XML
2 83 (7.27%) Middleware
3 82 (7.18%) Web Services
4 80 (7.01%) JAX-RS
5 79 (6.92%) HTML
6 71 (6.22%) REST
7 69 (6.04%) SOAP
8 67 (5.87%) ActiveMQ
9 66 (5.78%) Spring
10 57 (4.99%) Node.js
11 55 (4.82%) JSON
12 54 (4.73%) J2EE
13 48 (4.20%) CSS
14 45 (3.94%) LDAP
15 35 (3.06%) HTML5
16 34 (2.98%) Elastic Stack
17 31 (2.71%) jQuery
18 28 (2.45%) Spring Boot
19 27 (2.36%) AngularJS
19 27 (2.36%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 111 (9.72%) Analytical Skills
2 48 (4.20%) Linux Command Line
3 36 (3.15%) User Experience
4 34 (2.98%) Data Centre
5 29 (2.54%) Management Information System
6 27 (2.36%) Clustering
7 23 (2.01%) Mainframe
8 22 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (1.49%) Data Structures
10 16 (1.40%) Equities
11 15 (1.31%) Fixed Income
12 14 (1.23%) Cloud Native
12 14 (1.23%) Public Cloud
13 13 (1.14%) Algorithms
13 13 (1.14%) PKI
13 13 (1.14%) Replication
14 12 (1.05%) Virtual Team
15 10 (0.88%) Blog
15 10 (0.88%) Enterprise Software
15 10 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 707 (61.91%) Linux
2 307 (26.88%) Windows
3 126 (11.03%) Mac OS X
4 99 (8.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 69 (6.04%) Solaris
6 60 (5.25%) Windows Server
7 40 (3.50%) AIX
8 19 (1.66%) CentOS
9 11 (0.96%) SUSE
10 10 (0.88%) Windows 10
11 7 (0.61%) Apple iOS
11 7 (0.61%) FreeRTOS
11 7 (0.61%) HPUX
11 7 (0.61%) ThreadX
12 6 (0.53%) Android
12 6 (0.53%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.44%) Oracle Linux
13 5 (0.44%) Windows Server 2003
13 5 (0.44%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 374 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
2 257 (22.50%) Test Automation
3 250 (21.89%) DevOps
4 182 (15.94%) TDD
5 155 (13.57%) Microservices
6 147 (12.87%) Problem-Solving
7 118 (10.33%) BDD
8 117 (10.25%) Continuous Integration
9 111 (9.72%) Continuous Deployment
10 106 (9.28%) Configuration Management
11 100 (8.76%) Responsive Web Design
12 98 (8.58%) Web Design
13 95 (8.32%) ITIL
14 92 (8.06%) ETL
15 88 (7.71%) Scrum
16 87 (7.62%) Migration
17 84 (7.36%) Pair Programming
18 83 (7.27%) Software Engineering
19 77 (6.74%) Web Development
20 73 (6.39%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 489 (42.82%) Java
2 420 (36.78%) SQL
3 232 (20.32%) Python
4 208 (18.21%) Shell Script
5 119 (10.42%) PL/SQL
6 118 (10.33%) Perl
7 115 (10.07%) JavaScript
8 110 (9.63%) Bash Shell
9 95 (8.32%) Java 8
10 62 (5.43%) C
11 61 (5.34%) PowerShell
12 46 (4.03%) C++
13 38 (3.33%) Ruby
14 28 (2.45%) Scala
15 27 (2.36%) Korn
16 23 (2.01%) PHP
17 21 (1.84%) Groovy
18 17 (1.49%) XPath
18 17 (1.49%) XQuery
19 16 (1.40%) C#
Qualifications
1 232 (20.32%) Security Cleared
2 196 (17.16%) SC Cleared
3 73 (6.39%) Degree
4 41 (3.59%) ISEB
5 38 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 37 (3.24%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (2.63%) ISTQB
8 28 (2.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 21 (1.84%) DBS Check
10 16 (1.40%) Cisco Certification
11 13 (1.14%) AWS Certification
11 13 (1.14%) DV Cleared
11 13 (1.14%) ISEB Practitioner
11 13 (1.14%) Master's Degree
12 12 (1.05%) CCNA
13 11 (0.96%) ITIL Certification
14 9 (0.79%) CCNP
15 7 (0.61%) CISM
16 6 (0.53%) CISA
16 6 (0.53%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (7.18%) QA
2 32 (2.80%) SLA
3 27 (2.36%) WCAG
4 11 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 11 (0.96%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.61%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.44%) GxP
7 5 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 4 (0.35%) GLP
9 3 (0.26%) COBIT
9 3 (0.26%) GPG13
9 3 (0.26%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.26%) MiFID
10 2 (0.18%) GDPR
10 2 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.18%) TARGET2
11 1 (0.088%) COSO
11 1 (0.088%) Good Clinical Practice
11 1 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 222 (19.44%) Docker
2 98 (8.58%) Active Directory
3 66 (5.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (2.63%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (2.28%) Hyper-V
6 22 (1.93%) Oracle RAC
7 14 (1.23%) HDFS
8 13 (1.14%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (0.96%) vSphere
10 9 (0.79%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 9 (0.79%) Samba
10 9 (0.79%) Squid
10 9 (0.79%) VMware NSX
11 8 (0.70%) Oracle Clusterware
12 7 (0.61%) RACF
12 7 (0.61%) XenApp
13 5 (0.44%) Firmware
13 5 (0.44%) NFS
13 5 (0.44%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 5 (0.44%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 179 (15.67%) Kubernetes
2 94 (8.23%) Ansible
3 91 (7.97%) Terraform
4 85 (7.44%) Puppet
5 66 (5.78%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (2.63%) Nagios
7 28 (2.45%) Kibana
8 22 (1.93%) logstash
9 20 (1.75%) Oracle RMAN
10 18 (1.58%) SCCM
10 18 (1.58%) SCOM
11 15 (1.31%) Data Guard
11 15 (1.31%) Grafana
12 12 (1.05%) ZABBIX
13 11 (0.96%) NetBackup
13 11 (0.96%) Prometheus
13 11 (0.96%) Salt
14 10 (0.88%) Red Hat Satellite
15 8 (0.70%) Cacti
16 7 (0.61%) WSUS
Vendors
1 405 (35.46%) Oracle
2 110 (9.63%) Microsoft
3 105 (9.19%) Red Hat
4 99 (8.67%) VMware
5 69 (6.04%) IBM
6 67 (5.87%) Splunk
7 52 (4.55%) Sybase
8 51 (4.47%) Informatica
9 49 (4.29%) webMethods
10 48 (4.20%) SAP
11 37 (3.24%) HP
12 33 (2.89%) Cisco
13 26 (2.28%) CheckPoint
13 26 (2.28%) Citrix
14 23 (2.01%) AppDynamics
14 23 (2.01%) Google
14 23 (2.01%) Remedy
14 23 (2.01%) Sun
15 22 (1.93%) EMC
16 21 (1.84%) BEA