Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 57 44 34
Rank change year-on-year -13 -10 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 4,134 4,787 5,430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.00% 4.78% 5.15%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.10% 22.92% 23.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,599 2,974 3,335
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +11.76% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 75 53
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% -10.77% -11.77%
10th Percentile £15.23 £13.66 £16.30
90th Percentile £50.00 £43.75 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -14.29% -5.41%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,644 20,883 23,164
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.92% 20.84% 21.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,390 13,203 14,561
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £163 £175 £200
90th Percentile £606 £595 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,517 1,245 1,290
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.96 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.81 £16.00
% change year-on-year -1.81% +5.03% -

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 3,748 £500 +5.26% 779
UK excluding London -15 2,080 £425 - 531
London -20 1,992 £530 +0.95% 324
South East -19 630 £439 +0.98% 124
North of England -33 400 £400 -4.76% 120
Midlands +15 328 £400 +6.67% 82
Scotland -8 258 £400 -3.03% 57
West Midlands +19 236 £400 - 46
East of England +7 223 £450 -5.26% 64
North West -20 201 £415 -2.35% 63
South West -2 170 £435 +8.61% 65
Yorkshire -19 150 £375 -14.29% 46
East Midlands -3 89 £385 +9.84% 35
Wales +2 55 £415 +3.62% 11
North East -41 51 £475 +26.67% 11
Northern Ireland -24 18 £422 +0.48% 9

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,305 (55.76%) Linux
2 1,419 (34.33%) SQL
3 1,405 (33.99%) Java
4 1,298 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
5 1,223 (29.58%) Windows
6 1,202 (29.08%) Oracle
7 977 (23.63%) Python
8 853 (20.63%) Finance
9 785 (18.99%) Git (software)
10 778 (18.82%) DevOps
11 731 (17.68%) Jenkins
12 707 (17.10%) Shell Script
13 688 (16.64%) Amazon AWS
14 617 (14.93%) Ansible
15 593 (14.34%) Test Automation
16 544 (13.16%) Banking
17 515 (12.46%) Continuous Integration
18 507 (12.26%) Relational Database
19 489 (11.83%) Puppet
20 479 (11.59%) Perl
21 476 (11.51%) Docker
22 470 (11.37%) SQL Server
23 462 (11.18%) JIRA
24 443 (10.72%) XML
25 426 (10.30%) Scrum
26 414 (10.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 413 (9.99%) JavaScript
28 409 (9.89%) Spring
29 397 (9.60%) Red Hat
30 394 (9.53%) Apache

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 394 (9.53%) Apache
2 295 (7.14%) Confluence
3 287 (6.94%) WebLogic
4 200 (4.84%) JBoss
5 158 (3.82%) Tomcat
6 142 (3.43%) WebSphere
7 138 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
8 128 (3.10%) Apache Spark
9 113 (2.73%) IIS
10 75 (1.81%) WildFly
11 63 (1.52%) nginx
12 57 (1.38%) SAS
13 52 (1.26%) SharePoint
14 46 (1.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 44 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
16 39 (0.94%) Mule
17 38 (0.92%) MS Exchange
18 37 (0.90%) Oracle Workflow
19 30 (0.73%) WebSphere Application Server
20 27 (0.65%) CICS
Applications
1 122 (2.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 101 (2.44%) Microsoft Office
3 84 (2.03%) MS Visio
4 37 (0.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.15%) HipChat
6 6 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.097%) Windchill
8 1 (0.024%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.024%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.024%) CATIA
8 1 (0.024%) Mozilla Thunderbird
8 1 (0.024%) Shockwave
8 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.024%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 43 (1.04%) Remedy ITSM
2 33 (0.80%) Oracle EBS
3 26 (0.63%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 25 (0.60%) ION MarketView
5 19 (0.46%) Oracle BPM
6 17 (0.41%) Actimize
7 14 (0.34%) HiPortfolio
7 14 (0.34%) SAP FI-CA
7 14 (0.34%) SAP PSCD
8 11 (0.27%) Magento
8 11 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
9 10 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
9 10 (0.24%) Temenos T24
10 8 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
11 7 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
11 7 (0.17%) Oracle Retail
11 7 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 6 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 6 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
12 6 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 688 (16.64%) Amazon AWS
2 238 (5.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (3.85%) Amazon EC2
4 146 (3.53%) GitHub
5 138 (3.34%) Amazon S3
6 104 (2.52%) PaaS
7 99 (2.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 87 (2.10%) IaaS
9 85 (2.06%) Google Cloud Platform
10 74 (1.79%) AWS CloudFormation
11 64 (1.55%) Serverless
12 60 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
13 53 (1.28%) SaaS
14 48 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 42 (1.02%) OpenShift
16 39 (0.94%) Office 365
17 35 (0.85%) Amazon Glacier
18 32 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
19 28 (0.68%) Amazon EMR
20 26 (0.63%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 308 (7.45%) Firewall
2 272 (6.58%) TCP/IP
3 229 (5.54%) HTTP
4 200 (4.84%) SAN
5 192 (4.64%) DNS
6 159 (3.85%) SSL
7 116 (2.81%) Internet
8 90 (2.18%) LAN
9 86 (2.08%) WAN
10 76 (1.84%) VPN
11 75 (1.81%) Network Security
12 59 (1.43%) SSH
13 56 (1.35%) Kerberos
14 51 (1.23%) NAS
15 50 (1.21%) SNMP
16 42 (1.02%) DHCP
17 36 (0.87%) BIG-IP
18 33 (0.80%) OSPF
19 28 (0.68%) BGP
19 28 (0.68%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 507 (12.26%) Relational Database
2 470 (11.37%) SQL Server
3 260 (6.29%) Oracle Database
4 257 (6.22%) Big Data
5 256 (6.19%) Hadoop
5 256 (6.19%) MySQL
6 201 (4.86%) NoSQL
7 200 (4.84%) RDBMS
8 191 (4.62%) PostgreSQL
9 173 (4.18%) MongoDB
10 157 (3.80%) Apache Hive
11 145 (3.51%) Data Warehouse
12 123 (2.98%) DB2
13 95 (2.30%) Oracle Database 11g
14 80 (1.94%) HBase
15 64 (1.55%) Impala
16 63 (1.52%) Oracle Database 12c
17 62 (1.50%) Oracle Reports
18 60 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
19 59 (1.43%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 785 (18.99%) Git (software)
2 731 (17.68%) Jenkins
3 462 (11.18%) JIRA
4 316 (7.64%) Maven
5 236 (5.71%) JUnit
6 223 (5.39%) Cucumber
7 207 (5.01%) Selenium
8 197 (4.77%) Subversion
9 137 (3.31%) Mockito
10 122 (2.95%) Bitbucket
11 113 (2.73%) Artifactory
12 103 (2.49%) Sonatype Nexus
13 94 (2.27%) Gradle
14 86 (2.08%) TeamCity
15 81 (1.96%) Eclipse
15 81 (1.96%) Toad
16 73 (1.77%) Checkstyle
16 73 (1.77%) SonarQube
16 73 (1.77%) Vagrant
17 67 (1.62%) SoapUI
General
1 853 (20.63%) Finance
2 544 (13.16%) Banking
3 226 (5.47%) Investment Banking
4 211 (5.10%) Front Office
5 128 (3.10%) Retail
6 89 (2.15%) Telecoms
7 60 (1.45%) Back Office
8 55 (1.33%) Financial Institution
9 37 (0.90%) Manufacturing
10 34 (0.82%) Marketing
11 33 (0.80%) Advertising
12 31 (0.75%) Publishing
13 23 (0.56%) Games
13 23 (0.56%) Law
14 17 (0.41%) Legal
15 15 (0.36%) Retail Banking
16 12 (0.29%) Automotive
17 10 (0.24%) Electronics
18 9 (0.22%) Aerospace
18 9 (0.22%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,240 (30.00%) Developer
2 520 (12.58%) Java Developer
3 466 (11.27%) Analyst
4 331 (8.01%) DevOps Engineer
5 280 (6.77%) Administrator
6 254 (6.14%) Architect
7 169 (4.09%) Systems Administrator
8 150 (3.63%) Linux Engineer
9 141 (3.41%) Support Analyst
10 139 (3.36%) Unix Engineer
11 136 (3.29%) Consultant
12 135 (3.27%) Test Analyst
13 123 (2.98%) Senior Developer
14 122 (2.95%) AWS Engineer
15 105 (2.54%) Unix Administrator
16 99 (2.39%) DBA
17 94 (2.27%) Cloud Engineer
18 92 (2.23%) Applications Support
19 90 (2.18%) AWS DevOps
19 90 (2.18%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 443 (10.72%) XML
2 409 (9.89%) Spring
3 375 (9.07%) Middleware
4 358 (8.66%) REST
5 327 (7.91%) HTML
6 323 (7.81%) Web Services
7 276 (6.68%) J2EE
8 221 (5.35%) RESTful
9 220 (5.32%) CSS
10 217 (5.25%) Hibernate
11 200 (4.84%) SOAP
12 191 (4.62%) JSON
13 173 (4.18%) Node.js
14 164 (3.97%) AngularJS
15 152 (3.68%) Kafka
16 143 (3.46%) Java EE
17 141 (3.41%) JMS
18 128 (3.10%) HTML5
19 123 (2.98%) LDAP
20 118 (2.85%) React
Miscellaneous
1 304 (7.35%) Analytical Skills
2 272 (6.58%) Linux Command Line
3 172 (4.16%) Data Centre
4 140 (3.39%) Computer Science
5 119 (2.88%) Mainframe
6 108 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 103 (2.49%) Fixed Income
8 94 (2.27%) Management Information System
9 87 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
10 86 (2.08%) Algorithms
11 78 (1.89%) Data Structures
12 70 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
13 62 (1.50%) Wiki
14 60 (1.45%) Clustering
14 60 (1.45%) Equities
15 55 (1.33%) Derivative
16 54 (1.31%) Public Cloud
16 54 (1.31%) Replication
16 54 (1.31%) Virtual Team
17 52 (1.26%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 2,305 (55.76%) Linux
2 1,223 (29.58%) Windows
3 414 (10.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 365 (8.83%) Solaris
5 233 (5.64%) Windows Server
6 168 (4.06%) AIX
7 124 (3.00%) CentOS
8 76 (1.84%) Ubuntu
9 68 (1.64%) Windows Server 2012
10 66 (1.60%) VMS
11 63 (1.52%) Mac OS X
12 51 (1.23%) Windows Server 2008
13 48 (1.16%) zOS
14 45 (1.09%) Apple iOS
15 40 (0.97%) Windows 7
16 38 (0.92%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 36 (0.87%) Windows XP
18 33 (0.80%) HPUX
19 29 (0.70%) SUSE
20 25 (0.60%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,298 (31.40%) Agile Software Development
2 778 (18.82%) DevOps
3 593 (14.34%) Test Automation
4 515 (12.46%) Continuous Integration
5 426 (10.30%) Scrum
6 383 (9.26%) TDD
7 360 (8.71%) Configuration Management
8 359 (8.68%) OO
8 359 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
9 311 (7.52%) ITIL
10 287 (6.94%) Microservices
11 280 (6.77%) Migration
12 255 (6.17%) ETL
13 249 (6.02%) Open Source
14 244 (5.90%) BDD
15 220 (5.32%) SDLC
16 208 (5.03%) Continuous Delivery
16 208 (5.03%) Performance Tuning
17 196 (4.74%) Analytics
18 181 (4.38%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 1,419 (34.33%) SQL
2 1,405 (33.99%) Java
3 977 (23.63%) Python
4 707 (17.10%) Shell Script
5 479 (11.59%) Perl
6 413 (9.99%) JavaScript
7 335 (8.10%) Bash Shell
8 289 (6.99%) PL/SQL
9 213 (5.15%) Java 8
10 188 (4.55%) C++
11 182 (4.40%) Ruby
12 172 (4.16%) PowerShell
13 156 (3.77%) Scala
14 153 (3.70%) Korn
15 141 (3.41%) C
16 133 (3.22%) C#
17 100 (2.42%) PHP
18 94 (2.27%) Groovy
19 61 (1.48%) JPQL
20 46 (1.11%) Go
Qualifications
1 384 (9.29%) Security Cleared
2 301 (7.28%) SC Cleared
3 194 (4.69%) Degree
4 122 (2.95%) ISTQB
5 121 (2.93%) ISEB
6 107 (2.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 73 (1.77%) Cisco Certification
8 70 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
9 52 (1.26%) CCNA
10 48 (1.16%) CISSP
11 37 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
12 36 (0.87%) DV Cleared
13 32 (0.77%) AWS Certification
14 30 (0.73%) MCSE
15 29 (0.70%) CISM
16 24 (0.58%) CCNP
17 23 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
18 18 (0.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 16 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
20 15 (0.36%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (3.97%) QA
2 78 (1.89%) SLA
3 40 (0.97%) Data Quality
4 28 (0.68%) PCI DSS
5 22 (0.53%) GDPR
6 18 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 11 (0.27%) PMO
8 10 (0.24%) MiFID
9 9 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.097%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 3 (0.073%) COBIT
12 3 (0.073%) EMIR
12 3 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 3 (0.073%) SEPA
13 2 (0.048%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.048%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.048%) NIST 800
System Software
1 476 (11.51%) Docker
2 243 (5.88%) Active Directory
3 211 (5.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 105 (2.54%) HDFS
5 60 (1.45%) VMware ESXi
6 55 (1.33%) Oracle RAC
7 54 (1.31%) vSphere
8 49 (1.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 49 (1.19%) NFS
9 41 (0.99%) Hyper-V
10 40 (0.97%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 39 (0.94%) Virtual Servers
12 36 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
13 24 (0.58%) XenApp
14 21 (0.51%) Firmware
14 21 (0.51%) Time Sharing Option
15 17 (0.41%) KVM
16 16 (0.39%) Apache Flume
16 16 (0.39%) Postfix
17 15 (0.36%) Samba
Systems Management
1 617 (14.93%) Ansible
2 489 (11.83%) Puppet
3 377 (9.12%) Opscode Chef
4 247 (5.97%) Kubernetes
5 220 (5.32%) Terraform
6 109 (2.64%) Hadoop YARN
7 63 (1.52%) NetBackup
8 62 (1.50%) Kibana
9 60 (1.45%) Grafana
10 48 (1.16%) logstash
10 48 (1.16%) Nagios
11 47 (1.14%) Data Guard
12 44 (1.06%) Tivoli
13 43 (1.04%) ITRS Geneos
14 42 (1.02%) BladeLogic
15 40 (0.97%) Prometheus
15 40 (0.97%) Salt
16 39 (0.94%) SCCM
17 36 (0.87%) Red Hat Satellite
18 35 (0.85%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1,202 (29.08%) Oracle
2 397 (9.60%) Red Hat
3 339 (8.20%) VMware
4 318 (7.69%) Microsoft
5 290 (7.01%) IBM
6 169 (4.09%) Splunk
7 161 (3.89%) webMethods
8 145 (3.51%) Cisco
9 143 (3.46%) HP
10 139 (3.36%) Google
11 111 (2.69%) Citrix
12 103 (2.49%) SAP
13 97 (2.35%) Sybase
14 93 (2.25%) NetApp
15 88 (2.13%) Cloudera
16 84 (2.03%) CA
17 82 (1.98%) Remedy
18 75 (1.81%) Informatica
19 72 (1.74%) Veritas
20 71 (1.72%) F5