Period
to 21 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 21 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 40 32 30
Rank change year-on-year -8 -2 +1
Contract jobs citing Unix 4767 5856 5908
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.98% 5.40% 5.20%
As % of the Operating Systems category 23.91% 24.24% 23.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 2945 3691 3490
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £313 £285 £300
90th Percentile £625 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 55 49 111
UK median hourly rate £31.50 £28.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% -20.00% +12.90%
10th Percentile £14.10 £14.00 £16.50
90th Percentile £47.30 £57.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.00 £31.50 £36.67
% change year-on-year -1.59% -14.10% +22.23%

Unix is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19935 24161 24753
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.81% 22.28% 21.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 12530 15245 14463
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
10th Percentile £190 £209 £185
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1131 1268 1978
UK median hourly rate £17.25 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 21 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 4266 £475 +10.47% 479
UK excluding London -8 2420 £425 +6.25% 247
London +4 2275 £513 +7.89% 264
South East -5 801 £438 +4.17% 70
North of England -13 529 £425 +16.44% 64
Midlands -17 276 £400 -5.88% 29
Scotland -9 246 £400 - 24
North West -3 243 £425 +7.59% 32
East of England +5 220 £447 +19.20% 30
Northern Ireland +20 186 £420 +19.91% 5
Yorkshire -15 181 £450 +5.88% 26
South West -28 150 £410 +2.50% 21
West Midlands -20 146 £475 +8.20% 16
East Midlands -10 119 £375 -8.54% 13
North East -5 116 £390 +31.09% 6
Wales -31 23 £450 +20.00% 3

For the 6 months to 21 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2994 (62.81%) Linux
2 1624 (34.07%) Java
3 1588 (33.31%) SQL
4 1328 (27.86%) Oracle
5 1251 (26.24%) Finance
6 1203 (25.24%) Windows
7 1118 (23.45%) Agile Software Development
8 1036 (21.73%) Python
9 805 (16.89%) DevOps
10 803 (16.84%) Perl
11 768 (16.11%) Banking
12 721 (15.12%) Shell Script
13 643 (13.49%) Git (software)
14 592 (12.42%) Relational Database
15 569 (11.94%) Jenkins
16 545 (11.43%) Solaris
17 531 (11.14%) Analytical Skills
18 528 (11.08%) JavaScript
19 523 (10.97%) Red Hat
20 491 (10.30%) Puppet
21 486 (10.20%) Security Cleared
22 481 (10.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
23 457 (9.59%) Ansible
24 443 (9.29%) Amazon AWS
25 442 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
26 437 (9.17%) XML
27 424 (8.89%) HTML
28 398 (8.35%) Firewall
29 385 (8.08%) Configuration Management
30 382 (8.01%) TDD

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 318 (6.67%) Apache
2 293 (6.15%) WebLogic
3 276 (5.79%) JBoss
4 245 (5.14%) Tomcat
5 206 (4.32%) WebSphere
6 169 (3.55%) Apache Spark
7 121 (2.54%) Confluence
8 114 (2.39%) IIS
9 79 (1.66%) OpenStack
10 76 (1.59%) SAS
11 73 (1.53%) MS Exchange
12 67 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
13 61 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 58 (1.22%) nginx
15 57 (1.20%) SharePoint
16 55 (1.15%) Oracle Application Server
17 51 (1.07%) WebSphere Application Server
18 50 (1.05%) MQSeries
19 49 (1.03%) iPlanet
20 47 (0.99%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 93 (1.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (1.91%) Microsoft Office
3 53 (1.11%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
6 20 (0.42%) Photoshop
7 16 (0.34%) HipChat
8 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.084%) SPSS
9 4 (0.084%) Stata
10 3 (0.063%) InVision
10 3 (0.063%) Pipeline Pilot
11 2 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
Business Applications
1 30 (0.63%) SAP ERP
2 25 (0.52%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 21 (0.44%) ION MarketView
4 19 (0.40%) Magento
5 18 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
6 17 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
7 16 (0.34%) Global One
7 16 (0.34%) RMDS
8 14 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
8 14 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
9 13 (0.27%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 13 (0.27%) Temenos T24
10 12 (0.25%) Siebel CRM
11 11 (0.23%) Oracle Retail
12 10 (0.21%) Oracle Utilities
12 10 (0.21%) Unica
13 9 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
14 6 (0.13%) Oracle 11i
15 5 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
16 4 (0.084%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 443 (9.29%) Amazon AWS
2 194 (4.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 96 (2.01%) PaaS
4 80 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
5 77 (1.62%) GitHub
6 71 (1.49%) OpenShift
7 53 (1.11%) IaaS
8 37 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 34 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
10 30 (0.63%) Office 365
11 29 (0.61%) Amazon S3
12 24 (0.50%) AWS CloudFormation
13 23 (0.48%) SaaS
14 21 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
15 14 (0.29%) Trello
16 11 (0.23%) IBM Cloud
17 10 (0.21%) Google Analytics
18 9 (0.19%) Bluemix
19 8 (0.17%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
19 8 (0.17%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 398 (8.35%) Firewall
2 368 (7.72%) TCP/IP
3 253 (5.31%) SAN
4 239 (5.01%) HTTP
5 227 (4.76%) DNS
6 212 (4.45%) LDAP
7 187 (3.92%) SSL
8 151 (3.17%) Internet
9 118 (2.48%) WAN
10 114 (2.39%) NAS
11 110 (2.31%) LAN
12 96 (2.01%) SSH
13 86 (1.80%) Kerberos
14 81 (1.70%) VPN
15 80 (1.68%) Network Security
16 73 (1.53%) DHCP
17 53 (1.11%) FTP
18 40 (0.84%) SNMP
19 39 (0.82%) Wireless
20 37 (0.78%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 592 (12.42%) Relational Database
2 357 (7.49%) SQL Server
3 319 (6.69%) Oracle Database
4 299 (6.27%) Hadoop
5 264 (5.54%) Big Data
6 255 (5.35%) MySQL
7 211 (4.43%) RDBMS
8 194 (4.07%) NoSQL
9 186 (3.90%) MongoDB
10 173 (3.63%) DB2
11 162 (3.40%) Apache Hive
12 132 (2.77%) PostgreSQL
13 101 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
14 99 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
15 92 (1.93%) HBase
16 90 (1.89%) Oracle Database 11g
17 74 (1.55%) KDB
18 70 (1.47%) Oracle Database 12c
19 65 (1.36%) Impala
20 56 (1.17%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 643 (13.49%) Git (software)
2 569 (11.94%) Jenkins
3 301 (6.31%) JIRA
4 265 (5.56%) Maven
5 247 (5.18%) Subversion
6 188 (3.94%) JUnit
7 146 (3.06%) Selenium
8 121 (2.54%) Sonatype Nexus
9 102 (2.14%) Cucumber
10 79 (1.66%) TeamCity
11 78 (1.64%) Artifactory
12 73 (1.53%) Ant
13 70 (1.47%) Gradle
14 69 (1.45%) Bitbucket
15 65 (1.36%) Mockito
16 64 (1.34%) Hudson
17 60 (1.26%) Eclipse
17 60 (1.26%) IntelliJ
18 53 (1.11%) SoapUI
18 53 (1.11%) WebDriver
General
1 1251 (26.24%) Finance
2 768 (16.11%) Banking
3 334 (7.01%) Front Office
4 281 (5.89%) Investment Banking
5 144 (3.02%) Telecoms
6 135 (2.83%) Retail
7 97 (2.03%) Marketing
8 66 (1.38%) Manufacturing
9 65 (1.36%) Games
10 62 (1.30%) Financial Institution
11 50 (1.05%) Electronics
12 49 (1.03%) Back Office
13 46 (0.96%) Legal
14 33 (0.69%) Retail Banking
15 23 (0.48%) Law
16 17 (0.36%) Billing
17 14 (0.29%) Advertising
17 14 (0.29%) French Language
17 14 (0.29%) German Language
18 9 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1538 (32.26%) Developer
2 565 (11.85%) Java Developer
3 479 (10.05%) Analyst
4 378 (7.93%) Administrator
5 318 (6.67%) DevOps Engineer
6 272 (5.71%) Consultant
7 254 (5.33%) Senior Developer
8 234 (4.91%) Unix Engineer
9 233 (4.89%) Architect
10 223 (4.68%) Linux Engineer
11 199 (4.17%) C++ Developer
12 171 (3.59%) Systems Administrator
13 137 (2.87%) Senior Java Developer
14 134 (2.81%) Support Analyst
15 130 (2.73%) DBA
16 128 (2.69%) Unix Administrator
17 120 (2.52%) Linux Administrator
18 114 (2.39%) Python Developer
19 99 (2.08%) AWS Engineer
20 96 (2.01%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 437 (9.17%) XML
2 424 (8.89%) HTML
3 378 (7.93%) Web Services
4 356 (7.47%) Spring
5 352 (7.38%) Middleware
6 340 (7.13%) CSS
7 278 (5.83%) J2EE
8 272 (5.71%) REST
9 266 (5.58%) JSON
10 240 (5.03%) SOAP
11 184 (3.86%) RESTful
12 182 (3.82%) .NET
13 173 (3.63%) FIX Protocol
14 169 (3.55%) Node.js
15 160 (3.36%) HTML5
16 148 (3.10%) AngularJS
17 146 (3.06%) Hibernate
18 120 (2.52%) jQuery
19 116 (2.43%) Kafka
20 114 (2.39%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 531 (11.14%) Analytical Skills
2 252 (5.29%) Data Centre
3 196 (4.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 183 (3.84%) Computer Science
5 169 (3.55%) Equities
6 167 (3.50%) Fixed Income
7 145 (3.04%) Linux Command Line
8 144 (3.02%) Derivative
9 143 (3.00%) Management Information System
10 141 (2.96%) Clustering
11 101 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
12 99 (2.08%) Mainframe
13 93 (1.95%) User Experience
14 77 (1.62%) Client/Server
14 77 (1.62%) Replication
15 70 (1.47%) Virtual Team
16 69 (1.45%) Data Structures
17 67 (1.41%) Greenfield Project
18 66 (1.38%) Algorithms
19 61 (1.28%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2994 (62.81%) Linux
2 1203 (25.24%) Windows
3 545 (11.43%) Solaris
4 481 (10.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 371 (7.78%) AIX
6 219 (4.59%) Windows Server
7 201 (4.22%) Mac OS X
8 118 (2.48%) HPUX
9 95 (1.99%) CentOS
10 82 (1.72%) Windows Server 2008
11 76 (1.59%) SUSE
12 72 (1.51%) Windows Server 2012
13 71 (1.49%) Mac OS
14 69 (1.45%) Ubuntu
15 49 (1.03%) zOS
16 46 (0.96%) Windows Server 2003
17 45 (0.94%) Debian
18 43 (0.90%) Android
19 40 (0.84%) Apple iOS
20 38 (0.80%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1118 (23.45%) Agile Software Development
2 805 (16.89%) DevOps
3 442 (9.27%) Continuous Integration
4 385 (8.08%) Configuration Management
5 382 (8.01%) TDD
6 373 (7.82%) Test Automation
7 350 (7.34%) Migration
8 322 (6.75%) ITIL
9 319 (6.69%) OO
10 302 (6.34%) Open Source
11 290 (6.08%) Scrum
12 275 (5.77%) Mentoring
13 266 (5.58%) SDLC
14 227 (4.76%) High Availability
15 225 (4.72%) Software Engineering
16 222 (4.66%) Multithreading
17 218 (4.57%) Web Development
18 213 (4.47%) Analytics
19 210 (4.41%) Performance Tuning
20 193 (4.05%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 1624 (34.07%) Java
2 1588 (33.31%) SQL
3 1036 (21.73%) Python
4 803 (16.84%) Perl
5 721 (15.12%) Shell Script
6 528 (11.08%) JavaScript
7 368 (7.72%) C++
8 335 (7.03%) Bash Shell
9 250 (5.24%) PL/SQL
9 250 (5.24%) Ruby
10 225 (4.72%) PowerShell
11 215 (4.51%) Scala
12 208 (4.36%) C#
13 181 (3.80%) C
14 178 (3.73%) Korn
15 105 (2.20%) PHP
16 68 (1.43%) T-SQL
17 65 (1.36%) Go
18 61 (1.28%) R
19 49 (1.03%) VB
Qualifications
1 486 (10.20%) Security Cleared
2 332 (6.96%) SC Cleared
3 330 (6.92%) Degree
4 89 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 74 (1.55%) CISSP
6 73 (1.53%) DV Cleared
7 50 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
8 43 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
9 36 (0.76%) ISEB
10 34 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
11 32 (0.67%) RHCE
12 30 (0.63%) CCNA
13 27 (0.57%) ISTQB
13 27 (0.57%) SANS
14 25 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 20 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
15 20 (0.42%) MCSE
16 19 (0.40%) CCNP
17 17 (0.36%) CEH
17 17 (0.36%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 154 (3.23%) QA
2 88 (1.85%) MiFID
3 67 (1.41%) SLA
4 42 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (0.63%) PCI DSS
6 28 (0.59%) Data Quality
7 25 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
8 17 (0.36%) JSP 440
9 16 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
10 15 (0.31%) EMIR
10 15 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 8 (0.17%) PMO
12 7 (0.15%) GCP
13 6 (0.13%) ISO 9001
14 5 (0.10%) FATCA
14 5 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
14 5 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 5 (0.10%) RMADS
14 5 (0.10%) SEPA
15 4 (0.084%) COREP
System Software
1 355 (7.45%) Docker
2 272 (5.71%) Active Directory
3 212 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 93 (1.95%) HDFS
5 78 (1.64%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 75 (1.57%) NFS
7 72 (1.51%) Hyper-V
8 69 (1.45%) VMware ESXi
9 60 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
10 55 (1.15%) Apache Flume
11 54 (1.13%) Oracle RAC
12 52 (1.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 43 (0.90%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 42 (0.88%) Samba
15 39 (0.82%) vSphere
16 34 (0.71%) Time Sharing Option
17 33 (0.69%) KVM
18 32 (0.67%) Xen
19 28 (0.59%) GPFS
20 24 (0.50%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 491 (10.30%) Puppet
2 457 (9.59%) Ansible
3 289 (6.06%) Opscode Chef
4 106 (2.22%) Kubernetes
5 94 (1.97%) NetBackup
6 89 (1.87%) Nagios
7 76 (1.59%) logstash
8 74 (1.55%) Kibana
9 71 (1.49%) Terraform
10 60 (1.26%) Control-M
11 59 (1.24%) Hadoop YARN
12 54 (1.13%) Tivoli
13 47 (0.99%) Grafana
14 46 (0.96%) ITRS Geneos
15 36 (0.76%) ZABBIX
16 33 (0.69%) BladeLogic
17 32 (0.67%) Oozie
18 30 (0.63%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 30 (0.63%) SCCM
19 28 (0.59%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 1328 (27.86%) Oracle
2 523 (10.97%) Red Hat
3 380 (7.97%) VMware
4 374 (7.85%) Microsoft
5 367 (7.70%) IBM
6 315 (6.61%) Sybase
7 230 (4.82%) HP
8 184 (3.86%) Cisco
8 184 (3.86%) Splunk
9 174 (3.65%) Veritas
10 172 (3.61%) Sun
11 159 (3.34%) SAP
12 109 (2.29%) F5
13 106 (2.22%) Citrix
14 98 (2.06%) Cloudera
15 85 (1.78%) Google
16 80 (1.68%) NetApp
17 74 (1.55%) AppDynamics
18 73 (1.53%) EMC
18 73 (1.53%) Informatica