Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 69 52
Rank change year-on-year -28 -17 -12
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,460 3,343 4,248
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.36% 3.47% 4.18%
As % of the Operating Systems category 11.48% 16.83% 20.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 909 2,075 2,759
Median daily rate £470 £475 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% -3.06% +8.89%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £325
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 46 59
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% +1.43% -6.67%
10th Percentile £16.04 £14.00 £14.31
90th Percentile £47.50 £50.00 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.00 £35.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year -7.04% +9.23% -7.14%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 12,715 19,864 21,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.56% 20.60% 20.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,811 12,527 13,589
Median daily rate £415 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.35% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £135 £159 £178
90th Percentile £606 £613 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £400 £400
% change year-on-year -3.13% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,044 1,198 1,257
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.42 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.46% +2.47% +3.03%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.17 £11.17
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.43 £47.50
Median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £15.86
% change year-on-year +6.25% +0.88% -0.88%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 1,326 £475 -2.56% 391
UK excluding London -35 836 £425 -5.56% 252
London -32 602 £525 - 164
North of England -10 227 £475 +5.56% 63
Midlands +10 179 £428 +7.00% 57
South East -53 173 £440 -2.22% 63
West Midlands +11 140 £425 +7.32% 38
North West +12 130 £450 -5.26% 28
Yorkshire -27 79 £525 +16.67% 26
East of England -39 73 £385 -14.39% 28
South West -48 70 £450 -5.26% 16
Scotland -58 65 £425 +4.94% 18
Work from Home +1 43 £513 +13.89% 15
East Midlands +9 36 £500 +17.65% 19
Wales -3 30 £400 -11.11% 5
Northern Ireland +4 24 £375 +17.00% 2
North East +1 23 £450 +25.00% 9

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 824 (56.44%) Linux
2 573 (39.25%) SQL
3 550 (37.67%) Java
4 546 (37.40%) Oracle
5 458 (31.37%) Agile Software Development
6 415 (28.42%) Windows
7 305 (20.89%) Python
8 291 (19.93%) DevOps
9 273 (18.70%) Git (software)
9 273 (18.70%) Test Automation
10 261 (17.88%) Shell Script
11 251 (17.19%) Finance
12 231 (15.82%) AWS
13 207 (14.18%) Security Cleared
14 203 (13.90%) XML
15 198 (13.56%) Docker
16 195 (13.36%) PL/SQL
16 195 (13.36%) Azure
17 194 (13.29%) Jenkins
18 187 (12.81%) Continuous Integration
19 181 (12.40%) Microsoft
20 179 (12.26%) TDD
21 173 (11.85%) SC Cleared
22 171 (11.71%) JavaScript
23 164 (11.23%) Bash Shell
24 163 (11.16%) JIRA
25 156 (10.68%) Oracle Database
26 151 (10.34%) Red Hat
27 147 (10.07%) Microservices
28 146 (10.00%) SQL Server

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (7.74%) WebLogic
2 101 (6.92%) Confluence
3 58 (3.97%) Tomcat
4 57 (3.90%) Apache
5 46 (3.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 41 (2.81%) SAS
7 28 (1.92%) Apache Spark
8 23 (1.58%) WebSphere
9 22 (1.51%) JBoss
10 21 (1.44%) SharePoint
11 18 (1.23%) Oracle Workflow
12 17 (1.16%) OpenStack
13 15 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
14 14 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
15 13 (0.89%) Oracle Service Bus
16 12 (0.82%) IIS
17 10 (0.68%) nginx
18 8 (0.55%) Oracle Application Server
19 7 (0.48%) MS Exchange
19 7 (0.48%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 36 (2.47%) Microsoft Office
2 31 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (1.30%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.27%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.14%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.068%) Abaqus
Business Applications
1 20 (1.37%) BusinessWorks
2 18 (1.23%) Oracle EBS
3 10 (0.68%) Finacle
3 10 (0.68%) Oracle Receivables
4 9 (0.62%) assyst
5 7 (0.48%) MFGPRO
6 6 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
6 6 (0.41%) Oracle Payables
7 4 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
7 4 (0.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 4 (0.27%) SAP FI-CA
7 4 (0.27%) SAP MM
7 4 (0.27%) SAP PSCD
7 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.21%) Oracle iSupplier
8 3 (0.21%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.14%) SnowdropKCS
Cloud Services
1 231 (15.82%) AWS
2 195 (13.36%) Azure
3 57 (3.90%) GitHub
4 38 (2.60%) GCP
5 34 (2.33%) PaaS
6 33 (2.26%) Office 365
7 29 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
7 29 (1.99%) Amazon S3
8 27 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
8 27 (1.85%) IaaS
9 26 (1.78%) OpenShift
10 24 (1.64%) Azure Active Directory
11 21 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (1.44%) Power Platform
11 21 (1.44%) SaaS
11 21 (1.44%) Serverless
12 19 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
13 18 (1.23%) Boomi
14 15 (1.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 14 (0.96%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 78 (5.34%) TCP/IP
2 74 (5.07%) HTTP
3 63 (4.32%) DNS
3 63 (4.32%) Firewall
4 57 (3.90%) SAN
5 32 (2.19%) WAN
6 26 (1.78%) Internet
7 25 (1.71%) LAN
8 24 (1.64%) VPN
9 21 (1.44%) BGP
9 21 (1.44%) OSPF
9 21 (1.44%) SSL
10 20 (1.37%) FTP
11 18 (1.23%) IPsec
11 18 (1.23%) MPLS
12 16 (1.10%) HTTPS
12 16 (1.10%) Network Security
12 16 (1.10%) SNMP
13 15 (1.03%) DHCP
13 15 (1.03%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (10.68%) Oracle Database
2 146 (10.00%) SQL Server
3 109 (7.47%) Relational Database
4 87 (5.96%) MongoDB
5 84 (5.75%) MySQL
6 80 (5.48%) NoSQL
7 67 (4.59%) Oracle Database 11g
8 64 (4.38%) Hadoop
9 63 (4.32%) Big Data
10 49 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
11 48 (3.29%) PostgreSQL
11 48 (3.29%) RDBMS
12 44 (3.01%) Oracle Database 12c
13 41 (2.81%) Pentaho
14 35 (2.40%) Oracle Reports
15 33 (2.26%) DB2
16 23 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
17 22 (1.51%) BusinessObjects
17 22 (1.51%) Oracle OWB
18 21 (1.44%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 273 (18.70%) Git (software)
2 194 (13.29%) Jenkins
3 163 (11.16%) JIRA
4 89 (6.10%) JUnit
5 75 (5.14%) Maven
5 75 (5.14%) Selenium
6 63 (4.32%) Cucumber
7 45 (3.08%) Bitbucket
8 39 (2.67%) Eclipse
9 36 (2.47%) Subversion
10 33 (2.26%) GitLab
10 33 (2.26%) Mockito
11 31 (2.12%) Artifactory
12 27 (1.85%) Gradle
12 27 (1.85%) Spock
13 24 (1.64%) Ant
13 24 (1.64%) Oracle Forms
14 20 (1.37%) SonarQube
15 19 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 18 (1.23%) Gatling
General
1 251 (17.19%) Finance
2 119 (8.15%) Public Sector
3 117 (8.01%) Banking
4 39 (2.67%) Telecoms
5 34 (2.33%) Front Office
6 33 (2.26%) Investment Banking
7 17 (1.16%) Manufacturing
7 17 (1.16%) Retail
8 14 (0.96%) Financial Institution
8 14 (0.96%) Games
9 13 (0.89%) Legal
10 11 (0.75%) Retail Banking
11 10 (0.68%) Marketing
12 8 (0.55%) Automotive
12 8 (0.55%) Electronics
13 7 (0.48%) Local Government
14 4 (0.27%) Back Office
14 4 (0.27%) General Ledger
14 4 (0.27%) Law
15 3 (0.21%) Police
Job Titles
1 452 (30.96%) Developer
2 156 (10.68%) Analyst
3 146 (10.00%) Java Developer
4 102 (6.99%) Architect
5 88 (6.03%) Administrator
6 77 (5.27%) Senior Developer
7 72 (4.93%) DevOps Engineer
8 57 (3.90%) DBA
9 55 (3.77%) Consultant
10 52 (3.56%) Software Engineer
10 52 (3.56%) Unix Engineer
11 46 (3.15%) Linux Engineer
12 43 (2.95%) Oracle DBA
12 43 (2.95%) Oracle Developer
13 42 (2.88%) Test Analyst
14 39 (2.67%) Support Analyst
14 39 (2.67%) Systems Engineer
15 35 (2.40%) Systems Administrator
16 34 (2.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 34 (2.33%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 203 (13.90%) XML
2 132 (9.04%) Spring
3 126 (8.63%) REST
4 112 (7.67%) HTML
5 105 (7.19%) SOAP
6 95 (6.51%) Web Services
7 87 (5.96%) JSON
8 86 (5.89%) J2EE
9 82 (5.62%) Node.js
10 80 (5.48%) CSS
11 77 (5.27%) Spring Boot
12 71 (4.86%) Middleware
13 67 (4.59%) RESTful
14 64 (4.38%) AngularJS
15 52 (3.56%) LDAP
16 49 (3.36%) .NET
17 42 (2.88%) React
18 35 (2.40%) Kafka
19 31 (2.12%) Hibernate
20 28 (1.92%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 142 (9.73%) Analytical Skills
2 61 (4.18%) Linux Command Line
3 45 (3.08%) Data Centre
4 33 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
5 30 (2.05%) Algorithms
5 30 (2.05%) Management Information System
5 30 (2.05%) PKI
6 28 (1.92%) Mainframe
7 25 (1.71%) Clustering
7 25 (1.71%) User Experience
8 22 (1.51%) Data Structures
9 19 (1.30%) Blog
10 15 (1.03%) Cyber Defence
10 15 (1.03%) Replication
11 13 (0.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 12 (0.82%) Cloud Native
13 11 (0.75%) Hedge funds
14 10 (0.68%) Derivative
14 10 (0.68%) EMC VNX
14 10 (0.68%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 824 (56.44%) Linux
2 415 (28.42%) Windows
3 141 (9.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 111 (7.60%) Solaris
5 89 (6.10%) Windows Server
6 64 (4.38%) Mac OS X
7 54 (3.70%) AIX
8 36 (2.47%) CentOS
9 24 (1.64%) Mac OS
10 23 (1.58%) Ubuntu
11 17 (1.16%) Windows Server 2016
12 15 (1.03%) FreeRTOS
12 15 (1.03%) SUSE
12 15 (1.03%) ThreadX
13 13 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.82%) Windows 10
15 11 (0.75%) Windows Server 2003
16 10 (0.68%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 10 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
16 10 (0.68%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 458 (31.37%) Agile Software Development
2 291 (19.93%) DevOps
3 273 (18.70%) Test Automation
4 187 (12.81%) Continuous Integration
5 179 (12.26%) TDD
6 147 (10.07%) Microservices
7 141 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
8 135 (9.25%) ITIL
9 115 (7.88%) Configuration Management
10 111 (7.60%) Software Engineering
11 103 (7.05%) Scrum
12 97 (6.64%) Migration
13 88 (6.03%) Open Source
14 84 (5.75%) Continuous Deployment
14 84 (5.75%) ETL
15 80 (5.48%) Business Intelligence
16 77 (5.27%) Data Modelling
16 77 (5.27%) SDLC
17 76 (5.21%) Mentoring
18 73 (5.00%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 573 (39.25%) SQL
2 550 (37.67%) Java
3 305 (20.89%) Python
4 261 (17.88%) Shell Script
5 195 (13.36%) PL/SQL
6 171 (11.71%) JavaScript
7 164 (11.23%) Bash Shell
8 140 (9.59%) Perl
9 86 (5.89%) PowerShell
10 80 (5.48%) C
11 75 (5.14%) C++
12 65 (4.45%) Java 8
13 54 (3.70%) Ruby
14 41 (2.81%) Scala
15 32 (2.19%) XPath
16 30 (2.05%) C#
16 30 (2.05%) ES6
17 27 (1.85%) PHP
18 24 (1.64%) Korn
19 19 (1.30%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 207 (14.18%) Security Cleared
2 173 (11.85%) SC Cleared
3 101 (6.92%) Degree
4 57 (3.90%) ISTQB
5 52 (3.56%) ISEB
6 40 (2.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 35 (2.40%) Cisco Certification
8 30 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
9 29 (1.99%) BPSS Clearance
10 24 (1.64%) CCNA
11 18 (1.23%) CCNP
12 15 (1.03%) DV Cleared
13 14 (0.96%) AWS Certification
14 13 (0.89%) ISEB Practitioner
15 10 (0.68%) CISM
15 10 (0.68%) CISSP
15 10 (0.68%) Master's Degree
16 8 (0.55%) ITIL Certification
17 7 (0.48%) DBS Check
18 5 (0.34%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (4.32%) QA
2 44 (3.01%) SLA
3 17 (1.16%) Data Quality
4 15 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 11 (0.75%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 7 (0.48%) PCI DSS
8 6 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.27%) HL7
11 3 (0.21%) COBIT
11 3 (0.21%) ECSS
11 3 (0.21%) GDPR
11 3 (0.21%) GxP
11 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 17025
12 2 (0.14%) GLP
12 2 (0.14%) ITGC
12 2 (0.14%) MiFID
12 2 (0.14%) NCSC
12 2 (0.14%) NIST
System Software
1 198 (13.56%) Docker
2 115 (7.88%) Active Directory
3 65 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (2.33%) Oracle RAC
5 27 (1.85%) Hyper-V
5 27 (1.85%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (1.10%) HDFS
7 12 (0.82%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 11 (0.75%) Samba
9 9 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.55%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 8 (0.55%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 8 (0.55%) VMware NSX
10 8 (0.55%) vSphere
11 7 (0.48%) NFS
12 6 (0.41%) OCFS2
12 6 (0.41%) RACF
12 6 (0.41%) Squid
13 5 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.34%) zsh
Systems Management
1 141 (9.66%) Ansible
2 123 (8.42%) Kubernetes
3 101 (6.92%) Terraform
4 90 (6.16%) Puppet
5 63 (4.32%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (2.47%) Oracle RMAN
7 30 (2.05%) NetBackup
7 30 (2.05%) SCCM
8 26 (1.78%) Kibana
9 25 (1.71%) Data Guard
10 23 (1.58%) Nagios
10 23 (1.58%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 17 (1.16%) logstash
11 17 (1.16%) Tivoli
12 16 (1.10%) Grafana
13 15 (1.03%) ITRS Geneos
14 14 (0.96%) Prometheus
15 13 (0.89%) WSUS
16 11 (0.75%) Control-M
17 9 (0.62%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 546 (37.40%) Oracle
2 181 (12.40%) Microsoft
3 151 (10.34%) Red Hat
4 110 (7.53%) VMware
5 73 (5.00%) IBM
6 63 (4.32%) Informatica
7 61 (4.18%) Splunk
8 60 (4.11%) webMethods
9 46 (3.15%) SAP
10 45 (3.08%) EMC
11 43 (2.95%) Cisco
12 38 (2.60%) TIBCO
13 36 (2.47%) BEA
14 34 (2.33%) HP
15 31 (2.12%) Sybase
16 28 (1.92%) Google
17 27 (1.85%) Dell
18 26 (1.78%) Cloudera
19 25 (1.71%) CheckPoint
20 22 (1.51%) Sun