Period
to 12 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 12 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 45 34 31
Rank change year-on-year -11 -3 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 4677 5136 6015
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.53% 4.97% 5.34%
As % of the Operating Systems category 21.75% 23.51% 24.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 2937 3184 3635
UK median daily rate £475 £430 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.47% +1.18% +1.19%
10th Percentile £313 £286 £295
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £395 £400
% change year-on-year +7.59% -1.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 74 102
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £36.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -4.98% +17.59%
10th Percentile £14.10 £17.50 £15.58
90th Percentile £47.44 £53.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.50 £36.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -18.06% -2.70% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21502 21844 24176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.81% 21.14% 21.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 13725 13763 14343
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £170 £193 £186
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £365 £363
% change year-on-year +2.74% +0.69% +7.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1269 1288 1893
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.29 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.43% -1.27% +3.13%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.61 £10.38
90th Percentile £47.50 £43.90 £42.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.62 £15.50 £16.07
% change year-on-year +7.19% -3.55% +0.44%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 12 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 12 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 4271 £475 +8.57% 380
London -6 2411 £525 +10.53% 188
UK excluding London -14 2201 £425 +7.59% 221
South East -6 782 £438 +9.38% 55
North of England -17 470 £423 +12.67% 64
Midlands -10 290 £375 -9.09% 26
Scotland -15 188 £425 +13.33% 25
North West -17 183 £425 +2.72% 40
Yorkshire +2 174 £450 +5.88% 21
West Midlands -9 171 £418 -1.76% 12
East of England -26 159 £475 +43.94% 30
South West -20 150 £407 +6.62% 17
Northern Ireland +20 132 £416 -20.00% 3
North East -1 131 £400 +23.08% 3
East Midlands -11 109 £350 -12.50% 14
Wales -14 39 £401 -8.46% 1

For the 6 months to 12 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2857 (61.09%) Linux
2 1744 (37.29%) Java
3 1581 (33.80%) SQL
4 1281 (27.39%) Oracle
5 1231 (26.32%) Agile Software Development
6 1221 (26.11%) Windows
7 1156 (24.72%) Finance
8 1058 (22.62%) Python
9 883 (18.88%) DevOps
10 761 (16.27%) Git (software)
11 752 (16.08%) Banking
12 735 (15.72%) Shell Script
13 716 (15.31%) Perl
14 656 (14.03%) Jenkins
15 578 (12.36%) Relational Database
16 555 (11.87%) Amazon AWS
17 546 (11.67%) Analytical Skills
18 529 (11.31%) Red Hat
19 520 (11.12%) Security Cleared
20 513 (10.97%) Puppet
21 510 (10.90%) Solaris
22 489 (10.46%) JavaScript
23 472 (10.09%) Ansible
24 471 (10.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
25 465 (9.94%) Continuous Integration
26 427 (9.13%) Test Automation
27 418 (8.94%) Bash Shell
28 416 (8.89%) JIRA
29 415 (8.87%) Docker
30 413 (8.83%) Spring

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 359 (7.68%) Apache
2 312 (6.67%) Tomcat
3 285 (6.09%) JBoss
4 266 (5.69%) WebLogic
5 219 (4.68%) Confluence
6 154 (3.29%) WebSphere
7 140 (2.99%) Apache Spark
8 120 (2.57%) IIS
9 89 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
10 88 (1.88%) SAS
11 84 (1.80%) OpenStack
12 74 (1.58%) WildFly
13 65 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 58 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
15 54 (1.15%) MQSeries
16 53 (1.13%) nginx
17 51 (1.09%) Oracle Application Server
17 51 (1.09%) SharePoint
18 50 (1.07%) iPlanet
19 38 (0.81%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 87 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 77 (1.65%) Microsoft Office
3 61 (1.30%) MS Visio
4 28 (0.60%) Microsoft Project
5 26 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 18 (0.38%) HipChat
7 10 (0.21%) Pipeline Pilot
8 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.13%) SPSS
9 3 (0.064%) InVision
10 2 (0.043%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.043%) Weka
11 1 (0.021%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.021%) PrintSoft PReS
11 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 33 (0.71%) Oracle Applications
1 33 (0.71%) Oracle BPM
2 27 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
2 27 (0.58%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 23 (0.49%) ION MarketView
3 23 (0.49%) RMDS
4 19 (0.41%) SAP ERP
5 18 (0.38%) Magento
6 16 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
7 15 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
8 14 (0.30%) Oracle Retail
9 13 (0.28%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 13 (0.28%) Temenos T24
10 12 (0.26%) Sonata
11 11 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
12 9 (0.19%) Kondor
12 9 (0.19%) Unica
13 7 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
13 7 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
13 7 (0.15%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 555 (11.87%) Amazon AWS
2 208 (4.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 135 (2.89%) GitHub
4 88 (1.88%) PaaS
5 74 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
6 73 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
7 60 (1.28%) IaaS
8 54 (1.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 50 (1.07%) Amazon S3
10 41 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
11 39 (0.83%) Serverless
12 36 (0.77%) OpenShift
13 35 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
14 34 (0.73%) Google Cloud Platform
14 34 (0.73%) Route 53
15 32 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 31 (0.66%) npm
16 31 (0.66%) SaaS
17 25 (0.53%) Office 365
18 24 (0.51%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 410 (8.77%) Firewall
2 383 (8.19%) TCP/IP
3 237 (5.07%) SAN
4 227 (4.85%) HTTP
5 206 (4.40%) DNS
6 157 (3.36%) LDAP
7 144 (3.08%) SSL
8 141 (3.01%) Internet
9 127 (2.72%) NAS
10 108 (2.31%) WAN
11 93 (1.99%) VPN
12 90 (1.92%) LAN
13 89 (1.90%) Network Security
14 81 (1.73%) SSH
15 52 (1.11%) DHCP
16 49 (1.05%) Kerberos
17 41 (0.88%) VLAN
18 39 (0.83%) Fibre Channel
19 37 (0.79%) Intrusion Detection
20 36 (0.77%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 578 (12.36%) Relational Database
2 344 (7.36%) SQL Server
3 330 (7.06%) Oracle Database
4 272 (5.82%) MySQL
5 268 (5.73%) RDBMS
6 252 (5.39%) NoSQL
7 237 (5.07%) Big Data
8 223 (4.77%) Hadoop
9 192 (4.11%) MongoDB
10 167 (3.57%) DB2
10 167 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
11 121 (2.59%) Apache Cassandra
12 120 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
13 90 (1.92%) Apache Hive
14 88 (1.88%) Oracle Database 11g
15 84 (1.80%) HBase
16 70 (1.50%) Oracle Database 12c
17 54 (1.15%) KDB
18 52 (1.11%) Redis
19 51 (1.09%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 761 (16.27%) Git (software)
2 656 (14.03%) Jenkins
3 416 (8.89%) JIRA
4 381 (8.15%) Maven
5 272 (5.82%) Subversion
6 251 (5.37%) JUnit
7 171 (3.66%) Mockito
8 142 (3.04%) Selenium
9 129 (2.76%) Cucumber
10 113 (2.42%) TeamCity
11 93 (1.99%) Gradle
12 84 (1.80%) Vagrant
13 82 (1.75%) Eclipse
14 81 (1.73%) Sonatype Nexus
15 75 (1.60%) IntelliJ
16 70 (1.50%) Artifactory
17 66 (1.41%) Bitbucket
17 66 (1.41%) Liquibase
18 65 (1.39%) SonarQube
19 62 (1.33%) Checkstyle
General
1 1156 (24.72%) Finance
2 752 (16.08%) Banking
3 301 (6.44%) Front Office
4 286 (6.12%) Investment Banking
5 126 (2.69%) Telecoms
6 122 (2.61%) Retail
7 82 (1.75%) Games
8 59 (1.26%) Financial Institution
9 55 (1.18%) Marketing
10 51 (1.09%) Manufacturing
11 38 (0.81%) Legal
11 38 (0.81%) Retail Banking
12 32 (0.68%) Electronics
13 30 (0.64%) Back Office
14 28 (0.60%) Law
15 20 (0.43%) Billing
16 17 (0.36%) Publishing
17 13 (0.28%) Advertising
18 12 (0.26%) International Banking
19 10 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1424 (30.45%) Developer
2 625 (13.36%) Java Developer
3 445 (9.51%) DevOps Engineer
4 441 (9.43%) Analyst
5 365 (7.80%) Administrator
6 296 (6.33%) Consultant
7 238 (5.09%) Senior Developer
8 234 (5.00%) Architect
9 223 (4.77%) Unix Engineer
10 179 (3.83%) Linux Engineer
11 178 (3.81%) Systems Administrator
12 160 (3.42%) C++ Developer
13 159 (3.40%) Support Analyst
14 150 (3.21%) Unix Administrator
15 146 (3.12%) AWS DevOps
16 145 (3.10%) Senior Java Developer
17 141 (3.01%) AWS Engineer
18 134 (2.87%) DBA
19 129 (2.76%) Applications Support
20 117 (2.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 413 (8.83%) Spring
2 411 (8.79%) Web Services
3 397 (8.49%) XML
4 327 (6.99%) REST
5 322 (6.88%) HTML
6 315 (6.74%) RESTful
7 300 (6.41%) Middleware
8 280 (5.99%) J2EE
9 257 (5.49%) JSON
10 227 (4.85%) .NET
11 210 (4.49%) CSS
12 202 (4.32%) Hibernate
13 192 (4.11%) SOAP
14 183 (3.91%) FIX Protocol
15 177 (3.78%) Kafka
16 170 (3.63%) JMS
17 153 (3.27%) Node.js
18 150 (3.21%) AngularJS
19 135 (2.89%) HTML5
20 132 (2.82%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 546 (11.67%) Analytical Skills
2 213 (4.55%) Linux Command Line
3 202 (4.32%) Data Centre
4 198 (4.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 158 (3.38%) Computer Science
6 147 (3.14%) Equities
7 139 (2.97%) Management Information System
8 124 (2.65%) Fixed Income
9 116 (2.48%) Clustering
10 84 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
11 80 (1.71%) Derivative
12 78 (1.67%) PKI
12 78 (1.67%) Replication
13 76 (1.62%) Mainframe
14 70 (1.50%) Data Structures
14 70 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
15 68 (1.45%) Virtual Team
16 62 (1.33%) Public Cloud
17 46 (0.98%) Algorithms
17 46 (0.98%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 2857 (61.09%) Linux
2 1221 (26.11%) Windows
3 510 (10.90%) Solaris
4 471 (10.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 315 (6.74%) AIX
6 218 (4.66%) Windows Server
7 150 (3.21%) Mac OS X
8 113 (2.42%) HPUX
9 106 (2.27%) CentOS
10 95 (2.03%) SUSE
11 75 (1.60%) Windows Server 2008
12 68 (1.45%) VMS
13 57 (1.22%) Windows Server 2012
14 55 (1.18%) Windows Server 2003
15 53 (1.13%) Ubuntu
16 48 (1.03%) Windows XP
17 42 (0.90%) Apple iOS
17 42 (0.90%) Mac OS
18 37 (0.79%) Android
19 31 (0.66%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1231 (26.32%) Agile Software Development
2 883 (18.88%) DevOps
3 465 (9.94%) Continuous Integration
4 427 (9.13%) Test Automation
5 396 (8.47%) Configuration Management
6 388 (8.30%) Scrum
7 355 (7.59%) TDD
8 327 (6.99%) ITIL
9 324 (6.93%) OO
10 309 (6.61%) Migration
11 277 (5.92%) Microservices
12 258 (5.52%) SDLC
13 239 (5.11%) Open Source
14 233 (4.98%) High Availability
15 225 (4.81%) Load Balancing
16 221 (4.73%) Multithreading
17 216 (4.62%) Mentoring
18 211 (4.51%) Performance Tuning
18 211 (4.51%) Software Engineering
19 203 (4.34%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1744 (37.29%) Java
2 1581 (33.80%) SQL
3 1058 (22.62%) Python
4 735 (15.72%) Shell Script
5 716 (15.31%) Perl
6 489 (10.46%) JavaScript
7 418 (8.94%) Bash Shell
8 312 (6.67%) C++
9 291 (6.22%) Ruby
10 287 (6.14%) PL/SQL
11 219 (4.68%) Scala
12 175 (3.74%) PowerShell
13 160 (3.42%) Korn
14 158 (3.38%) C#
15 145 (3.10%) C
16 137 (2.93%) PHP
17 75 (1.60%) Go
18 74 (1.58%) Groovy
19 58 (1.24%) T-SQL
20 57 (1.22%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 520 (11.12%) Security Cleared
2 364 (7.78%) SC Cleared
3 302 (6.46%) Degree
4 113 (2.42%) CISSP
5 81 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 54 (1.15%) DV Cleared
7 49 (1.05%) CISM
8 43 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
9 42 (0.90%) SANS
10 37 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
10 37 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
11 32 (0.68%) ISEB
12 29 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
13 28 (0.60%) ISTQB
14 25 (0.53%) CCNA
15 24 (0.51%) MCSE
16 23 (0.49%) CEH
17 22 (0.47%) RHCE
18 21 (0.45%) CCNP
19 19 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 196 (4.19%) QA
2 80 (1.71%) SLA
3 65 (1.39%) MiFID
4 45 (0.96%) PCI DSS
5 40 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 34 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 31 (0.66%) GDPR
8 25 (0.53%) Data Quality
9 16 (0.34%) GCP
10 12 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
10 12 (0.26%) TARGET2
11 11 (0.24%) COBIT
12 9 (0.19%) PMO
13 8 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
14 7 (0.15%) EMIR
14 7 (0.15%) SEPA
15 6 (0.13%) ISO 8583
16 5 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
16 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 5 (0.11%) JSP 440
System Software
1 415 (8.87%) Docker
2 208 (4.45%) Active Directory
3 173 (3.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 90 (1.92%) NFS
5 77 (1.65%) HDFS
6 71 (1.52%) Hyper-V
7 68 (1.45%) VMware ESXi
8 63 (1.35%) Oracle RAC
9 57 (1.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 53 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
11 50 (1.07%) vSphere
12 47 (1.00%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 45 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 45 (0.96%) Samba
14 40 (0.86%) Xen
15 36 (0.77%) KVM
16 33 (0.71%) Veritas File System
17 31 (0.66%) Apache Flume
18 21 (0.45%) RACF
19 17 (0.36%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 513 (10.97%) Puppet
2 472 (10.09%) Ansible
3 303 (6.48%) Opscode Chef
4 173 (3.70%) logstash
5 158 (3.38%) Kubernetes
6 115 (2.46%) Kibana
7 111 (2.37%) Terraform
8 99 (2.12%) Grafana
9 93 (1.99%) Nagios
10 80 (1.71%) NetBackup
11 67 (1.43%) ITRS Geneos
12 58 (1.24%) Hadoop YARN
13 55 (1.18%) Tivoli
14 54 (1.15%) Control-M
15 38 (0.81%) BladeLogic
15 38 (0.81%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 36 (0.77%) Oracle RMAN
17 35 (0.75%) Data Guard
17 35 (0.75%) SCCM
17 35 (0.75%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 1281 (27.39%) Oracle
2 529 (11.31%) Red Hat
3 337 (7.21%) Microsoft
4 297 (6.35%) IBM
5 277 (5.92%) VMware
6 267 (5.71%) Splunk
7 234 (5.00%) Sybase
8 223 (4.77%) HP
9 174 (3.72%) Cisco
10 146 (3.12%) Veritas
11 134 (2.87%) SAP
12 133 (2.84%) Sun
13 109 (2.33%) F5
14 108 (2.31%) AppDynamics
15 104 (2.22%) Citrix
16 102 (2.18%) EMC
17 92 (1.97%) Atlassian
18 87 (1.86%) NetApp
19 74 (1.58%) CyberArk
20 69 (1.48%) Remedy