Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 41 33
Rank change year-on-year -14 -8 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 4,150 4,775 5,861
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.06% 4.95% 5.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.50% 23.82% 24.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,575 2,956 3,696
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £285
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 55 49
UK median hourly rate £29.50 £31.50 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.35% +12.50% -20.00%
10th Percentile £15.00 £14.10 £14.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £47.30 £57.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.25 £31.00 £31.50
% change year-on-year -2.42% -1.59% -14.48%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,286 20,046 24,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.82% 20.78% 22.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,251 12,600 15,261
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £178 £190 £209
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +0.65% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,474 1,149 1,277
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.83 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.13% -3.03% +3.13%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 3,762 £500 +5.26% 744
UK excluding London -16 2,101 £425 - 501
London -18 1,969 £550 +7.32% 300
South East -9 744 £450 +4.29% 123
North of England -23 404 £400 -5.88% 127
Midlands +1 314 £410 +2.50% 54
Scotland -18 245 £400 - 38
West Midlands +5 213 £423 -11.05% 31
East of England -5 195 £450 +0.67% 81
North West -23 193 £419 -1.35% 66
Yorkshire -23 153 £400 -11.11% 53
South West -17 130 £425 +2.72% 59
East Midlands -10 98 £400 +6.67% 23
North East -36 59 £390 -2.50% 8
Wales +14 55 £438 -2.78% 15
Northern Ireland -32 16 £318 -24.40% 4

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,364 (56.96%) Linux
2 1,452 (34.99%) Java
3 1,409 (33.95%) SQL
4 1,234 (29.73%) Oracle
5 1,211 (29.18%) Agile Software Development
6 1,080 (26.02%) Windows
7 1,006 (24.24%) Finance
8 919 (22.14%) Python
9 760 (18.31%) Git (software)
10 748 (18.02%) DevOps
11 689 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
12 681 (16.41%) Jenkins
13 646 (15.57%) Shell Script
14 563 (13.57%) Banking
15 552 (13.30%) Test Automation
16 548 (13.20%) Ansible
17 534 (12.87%) Relational Database
18 462 (11.13%) Perl
19 454 (10.94%) Docker
20 439 (10.58%) XML
21 437 (10.53%) Puppet
22 435 (10.48%) JIRA
23 433 (10.43%) Configuration Management
23 433 (10.43%) Problem-Solving
24 431 (10.39%) Spring
25 421 (10.14%) Security Cleared
26 419 (10.10%) TDD
27 418 (10.07%) Analytical Skills
28 412 (9.93%) Continuous Integration
29 407 (9.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 384 (9.25%) Apache
2 276 (6.65%) WebLogic
3 274 (6.60%) Confluence
4 184 (4.43%) JBoss
5 162 (3.90%) WebSphere
6 155 (3.73%) Apache Spark
7 144 (3.47%) Tomcat
8 113 (2.72%) IIS
9 103 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
10 78 (1.88%) nginx
11 70 (1.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 61 (1.47%) WildFly
13 58 (1.40%) SharePoint
14 52 (1.25%) WebSphere Application Server
15 51 (1.23%) Cloud Foundry
15 51 (1.23%) SAS
16 49 (1.18%) MS Exchange
17 38 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
18 33 (0.80%) Mule
19 32 (0.77%) OpenStack
Applications
1 101 (2.43%) Microsoft Excel
1 101 (2.43%) Microsoft Office
2 72 (1.73%) MS Visio
3 29 (0.70%) Microsoft Project
4 25 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.096%) HipChat
6 4 (0.096%) Simulink
6 4 (0.096%) Windchill
7 1 (0.024%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.024%) Autodesk Inventor
7 1 (0.024%) Mozilla Thunderbird
7 1 (0.024%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 37 (0.89%) Oracle EBS
2 35 (0.84%) Remedy ITSM
3 25 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 24 (0.58%) ION MarketView
5 22 (0.53%) Sonata
6 21 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
7 17 (0.41%) Actimize
8 13 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
8 13 (0.31%) Temenos T24
9 12 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 12 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
10 10 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
11 9 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
12 8 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
13 7 (0.17%) RMDS
13 7 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 6 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
14 6 (0.14%) HiPortfolio
14 6 (0.14%) Remedy AR System
14 6 (0.14%) Temenos Globus
Cloud Services
1 689 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
2 232 (5.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 161 (3.88%) Amazon EC2
4 136 (3.28%) GitHub
5 128 (3.08%) Amazon S3
6 109 (2.63%) Serverless
7 105 (2.53%) AWS Lambda
8 104 (2.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 93 (2.24%) PaaS
10 79 (1.90%) IaaS
11 78 (1.88%) Google Cloud Platform
12 59 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
13 58 (1.40%) Route 53
14 57 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 48 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
16 47 (1.13%) SaaS
17 41 (0.99%) CloudFront
18 30 (0.72%) Office 365
19 26 (0.63%) OpenShift
20 24 (0.58%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 298 (7.18%) Firewall
2 275 (6.63%) TCP/IP
3 237 (5.71%) HTTP
4 229 (5.52%) SAN
5 194 (4.67%) DNS
6 169 (4.07%) SSL
7 125 (3.01%) Internet
8 94 (2.27%) LAN
9 82 (1.98%) Network Security
10 81 (1.95%) WAN
11 71 (1.71%) VPN
12 59 (1.42%) SMS
13 57 (1.37%) SSH
14 51 (1.23%) Kerberos
15 50 (1.20%) NAS
16 46 (1.11%) DHCP
17 43 (1.04%) SNMP
18 37 (0.89%) OSPF
19 36 (0.87%) FTP
20 32 (0.77%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 534 (12.87%) Relational Database
2 367 (8.84%) SQL Server
3 306 (7.37%) Oracle Database
4 265 (6.39%) Hadoop
5 263 (6.34%) Big Data
6 252 (6.07%) MySQL
7 203 (4.89%) RDBMS
8 197 (4.75%) MongoDB
9 183 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
10 180 (4.34%) NoSQL
11 159 (3.83%) Data Warehouse
12 132 (3.18%) DB2
13 121 (2.92%) Apache Hive
14 117 (2.82%) Oracle Database 11g
15 90 (2.17%) HBase
16 67 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
17 64 (1.54%) Oracle Database 12c
18 60 (1.45%) Amazon RDS
19 59 (1.42%) BusinessObjects
20 56 (1.35%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 760 (18.31%) Git (software)
2 681 (16.41%) Jenkins
3 435 (10.48%) JIRA
4 302 (7.28%) Maven
5 236 (5.69%) JUnit
6 235 (5.66%) Cucumber
7 194 (4.67%) Selenium
8 189 (4.55%) Subversion
9 171 (4.12%) Mockito
10 125 (3.01%) Artifactory
11 100 (2.41%) Gradle
12 94 (2.27%) Eclipse
13 91 (2.19%) Bitbucket
14 85 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
15 83 (2.00%) IntelliJ
16 78 (1.88%) SoapUI
17 77 (1.86%) TeamCity
18 73 (1.76%) Toad
19 66 (1.59%) Checkstyle
20 65 (1.57%) Vagrant
General
1 1,006 (24.24%) Finance
2 563 (13.57%) Banking
3 219 (5.28%) Investment Banking
4 210 (5.06%) Front Office
5 116 (2.80%) Telecoms
6 92 (2.22%) Retail
7 57 (1.37%) Financial Institution
8 46 (1.11%) Back Office
8 46 (1.11%) Manufacturing
9 43 (1.04%) Marketing
10 24 (0.58%) Publishing
11 23 (0.55%) Advertising
12 22 (0.53%) Games
12 22 (0.53%) Legal
13 19 (0.46%) Electronics
13 19 (0.46%) Law
14 14 (0.34%) Spanish Language
15 13 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
16 11 (0.27%) French Language
16 11 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,244 (29.98%) Developer
2 536 (12.92%) Java Developer
3 500 (12.05%) Analyst
4 344 (8.29%) DevOps Engineer
5 276 (6.65%) Administrator
6 269 (6.48%) Architect
7 174 (4.19%) Support Analyst
8 162 (3.90%) Systems Administrator
9 155 (3.73%) Linux Engineer
10 144 (3.47%) Senior Developer
11 141 (3.40%) Consultant
12 134 (3.23%) AWS Engineer
13 132 (3.18%) Unix Administrator
14 130 (3.13%) Test Analyst
15 128 (3.08%) Unix Engineer
16 120 (2.89%) Applications Support
17 108 (2.60%) AWS DevOps
18 104 (2.51%) Senior Java Developer
19 100 (2.41%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 99 (2.39%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 439 (10.58%) XML
2 431 (10.39%) Spring
3 373 (8.99%) REST
4 362 (8.72%) Middleware
4 362 (8.72%) Web Services
5 345 (8.31%) HTML
6 289 (6.96%) J2EE
7 269 (6.48%) RESTful
8 228 (5.49%) JSON
9 216 (5.20%) Hibernate
9 216 (5.20%) SOAP
10 199 (4.80%) Node.js
11 193 (4.65%) CSS
12 190 (4.58%) Kafka
13 167 (4.02%) JMS
14 147 (3.54%) AngularJS
15 128 (3.08%) Java EE
16 125 (3.01%) RabbitMQ
17 117 (2.82%) LDAP
18 113 (2.72%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 418 (10.07%) Analytical Skills
2 313 (7.54%) Linux Command Line
3 178 (4.29%) Computer Science
4 155 (3.73%) Data Centre
5 135 (3.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 110 (2.65%) Management Information System
7 108 (2.60%) Mainframe
8 107 (2.58%) Algorithms
9 95 (2.29%) Fixed Income
9 95 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
10 88 (2.12%) Data Structures
10 88 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
10 88 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
11 74 (1.78%) Fintech
12 64 (1.54%) Clustering
12 64 (1.54%) Equities
13 61 (1.47%) Replication
14 59 (1.42%) Virtual Team
15 55 (1.33%) Derivative
16 53 (1.28%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 2,364 (56.96%) Linux
2 1,080 (26.02%) Windows
3 407 (9.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 383 (9.23%) Solaris
5 205 (4.94%) Windows Server
6 202 (4.87%) AIX
7 103 (2.48%) CentOS
8 77 (1.86%) Ubuntu
9 73 (1.76%) Mac OS X
10 62 (1.49%) Windows Server 2012
11 55 (1.33%) VMS
12 53 (1.28%) Windows Server 2008
13 48 (1.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 47 (1.13%) HPUX
15 44 (1.06%) Windows 7
16 42 (1.01%) Windows XP
17 39 (0.94%) Apple iOS
18 33 (0.80%) Windows Server 2003
19 31 (0.75%) SUSE
20 25 (0.60%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,211 (29.18%) Agile Software Development
2 748 (18.02%) DevOps
3 552 (13.30%) Test Automation
4 433 (10.43%) Configuration Management
4 433 (10.43%) Problem-Solving
5 419 (10.10%) TDD
6 412 (9.93%) Continuous Integration
7 390 (9.40%) Scrum
8 354 (8.53%) OO
9 300 (7.23%) ITIL
10 277 (6.67%) Migration
11 273 (6.58%) Microservices
12 265 (6.39%) BDD
13 261 (6.29%) Open Source
13 261 (6.29%) SDLC
14 229 (5.52%) ETL
15 207 (4.99%) Software Engineering
16 198 (4.77%) Analytics
17 189 (4.55%) Project Management
18 171 (4.12%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 1,452 (34.99%) Java
2 1,409 (33.95%) SQL
3 919 (22.14%) Python
4 646 (15.57%) Shell Script
5 462 (11.13%) Perl
6 405 (9.76%) JavaScript
7 371 (8.94%) Bash Shell
8 295 (7.11%) PL/SQL
9 201 (4.84%) Java 8
10 200 (4.82%) Ruby
11 193 (4.65%) C++
12 163 (3.93%) Scala
13 159 (3.83%) PowerShell
14 141 (3.40%) C
15 136 (3.28%) C#
16 111 (2.67%) Korn
17 100 (2.41%) Groovy
18 73 (1.76%) PHP
19 60 (1.45%) JPQL
20 45 (1.08%) Go
Qualifications
1 421 (10.14%) Security Cleared
2 330 (7.95%) SC Cleared
3 274 (6.60%) Degree
4 113 (2.72%) ISTQB
5 101 (2.43%) ISEB
6 94 (2.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 86 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 81 (1.95%) Cisco Certification
9 62 (1.49%) CISSP
10 53 (1.28%) CCNA
11 41 (0.99%) AWS Certification
12 39 (0.94%) DV Cleared
13 35 (0.84%) CCNP
14 34 (0.82%) CISM
14 34 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
15 24 (0.58%) MCSE
16 22 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
17 20 (0.48%) RHCE
18 17 (0.41%) SANS
19 16 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (3.45%) QA
2 95 (2.29%) SLA
3 56 (1.35%) Data Quality
4 31 (0.75%) GCP
5 30 (0.72%) PCI DSS
6 23 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.53%) GDPR
8 18 (0.43%) MiFID
9 16 (0.39%) PMO
10 14 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 11 (0.27%) EMIR
12 9 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
13 7 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
14 6 (0.14%) TARGET2
15 5 (0.12%) COBIT
15 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 5 (0.12%) SEPA
16 4 (0.096%) 21 CFR Part 11
17 3 (0.072%) COREP
17 3 (0.072%) HL7
System Software
1 454 (10.94%) Docker
2 205 (4.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 193 (4.65%) Active Directory
4 118 (2.84%) HDFS
5 62 (1.49%) Oracle RAC
6 61 (1.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 54 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
7 54 (1.30%) vSphere
8 52 (1.25%) Hyper-V
9 45 (1.08%) NFS
9 45 (1.08%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 39 (0.94%) Virtual Servers
11 34 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
12 26 (0.63%) Firmware
13 17 (0.41%) etcd
13 17 (0.41%) flannel
13 17 (0.41%) XenApp
14 16 (0.39%) KVM
14 16 (0.39%) Xen
15 15 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 548 (13.20%) Ansible
2 437 (10.53%) Puppet
3 339 (8.17%) Opscode Chef
4 235 (5.66%) Kubernetes
5 217 (5.23%) Terraform
6 107 (2.58%) Hadoop YARN
7 58 (1.40%) NetBackup
8 54 (1.30%) Grafana
9 51 (1.23%) Kibana
9 51 (1.23%) Nagios
9 51 (1.23%) SCCM
10 48 (1.16%) logstash
10 48 (1.16%) Salt
11 47 (1.13%) SCOM
12 43 (1.04%) Data Guard
13 37 (0.89%) BladeLogic
14 35 (0.84%) Tivoli
15 31 (0.75%) Oracle RMAN
15 31 (0.75%) Packer
16 30 (0.72%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1,234 (29.73%) Oracle
2 394 (9.49%) Red Hat
3 318 (7.66%) IBM
4 315 (7.59%) VMware
5 299 (7.20%) Microsoft
6 162 (3.90%) HP
7 141 (3.40%) webMethods
8 139 (3.35%) Splunk
9 132 (3.18%) Cisco
10 119 (2.87%) Citrix
10 119 (2.87%) Google
11 105 (2.53%) SAP
12 93 (2.24%) CA
13 91 (2.19%) Informatica
14 90 (2.17%) Atlassian
15 86 (2.07%) Remedy
16 83 (2.00%) Sun
17 82 (1.98%) NetApp
17 82 (1.98%) Veritas
18 72 (1.73%) Sybase