Period
to 17 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 17 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
17 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 52 42 33
Rank change year-on-year -10 -9 -3
Contract jobs citing Unix 4,036 4,414 6,030
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.06% 4.86% 5.67%
As % of the Operating Systems category 19.53% 23.36% 25.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,548 2,796 3,862
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £325 £313 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 55 72
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £40.00 £27.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.50% +44.14% -14.62%
10th Percentile £14.13 £16.05 £15.24
90th Percentile £58.75 £48.51 £58.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.00 £35.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -11.43% +25.00% -22.22%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,663 18,897 23,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.78% 20.80% 22.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,003 11,932 14,763
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £185 £200 £209
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £400 £375
% change year-on-year -1.25% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,370 1,121 1,341
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% -2.94% +5.20%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.75
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.60 £16.50
% change year-on-year +2.58% -5.47% +4.76%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 17 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 3,665 £500 +5.82% 747
London -16 1,990 £525 +5.00% 337
UK excluding London -13 1,975 £425 - 478
South East -10 710 £475 +8.57% 123
North of England -30 388 £400 -5.88% 105
Midlands -3 295 £420 +3.07% 70
Scotland -12 249 £400 +6.67% 57
North West -33 171 £425 - 53
West Midlands +2 168 £439 -2.50% 44
South West +20 144 £435 +2.35% 62
Yorkshire -44 141 £413 -6.25% 44
East of England -26 125 £450 +5.26% 49
East Midlands +2 122 £400 - 26
North East -5 78 £395 +5.33% 8
Wales +3 37 £500 +17.65% 9
Northern Ireland -23 29 £430 +1.18% 2

For the 6 months to 17 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,418 (59.91%) Linux
2 1,417 (35.11%) Java
3 1,287 (31.89%) SQL
4 1,123 (27.82%) Agile Software Development
5 1,085 (26.88%) Oracle
6 1,029 (25.50%) Finance
7 923 (22.87%) Python
8 886 (21.95%) Windows
9 797 (19.75%) DevOps
10 721 (17.86%) Git (software)
11 672 (16.65%) Jenkins
12 618 (15.31%) Shell Script
13 581 (14.40%) Amazon AWS
14 576 (14.27%) Banking
15 555 (13.75%) Relational Database
16 500 (12.39%) Perl
17 487 (12.07%) Analytical Skills
18 485 (12.02%) Docker
19 468 (11.60%) Test Automation
20 464 (11.50%) Ansible
21 445 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
22 434 (10.75%) Configuration Management
23 423 (10.48%) Spring
23 423 (10.48%) Puppet
24 416 (10.31%) Continuous Integration
25 413 (10.23%) JavaScript
26 412 (10.21%) TDD
26 412 (10.21%) Security Cleared
27 408 (10.11%) Solaris
28 405 (10.03%) Bash Shell

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 331 (8.20%) Apache
2 216 (5.35%) Confluence
3 192 (4.76%) WebSphere
4 186 (4.61%) WebLogic
5 153 (3.79%) Tomcat
6 147 (3.64%) JBoss
7 145 (3.59%) Apache Spark
8 98 (2.43%) IIS
9 94 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
10 83 (2.06%) nginx
11 69 (1.71%) WebSphere Application Server
12 67 (1.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 54 (1.34%) SAS
14 49 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
15 46 (1.14%) SharePoint
16 45 (1.11%) MS Exchange
17 33 (0.82%) CMS
17 33 (0.82%) OpenStack
18 32 (0.79%) WildFly
19 31 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 87 (2.16%) Microsoft Office
2 71 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (1.14%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.32%) HipChat
7 11 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.099%) Simulink
8 4 (0.099%) Windchill
9 1 (0.025%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.025%) Autodesk Inventor
9 1 (0.025%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 31 (0.77%) Oracle EBS
2 24 (0.59%) Sonata
3 18 (0.45%) ION MarketView
4 17 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
5 16 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
5 16 (0.40%) Temenos T24
6 14 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
7 13 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
8 12 (0.30%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 12 (0.30%) Magento
9 10 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
10 9 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
10 9 (0.22%) Temenos Globus
11 8 (0.20%) Endur
12 7 (0.17%) Actimize
12 7 (0.17%) HiPortfolio
12 7 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
12 7 (0.17%) RMDS
13 6 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 6 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 581 (14.40%) Amazon AWS
2 219 (5.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 156 (3.87%) GitHub
4 115 (2.85%) Amazon EC2
5 110 (2.73%) Serverless
6 109 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
7 88 (2.18%) PaaS
8 86 (2.13%) Amazon S3
9 72 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 67 (1.66%) IaaS
11 64 (1.59%) Route 53
12 58 (1.44%) Google Cloud Platform
13 53 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
14 52 (1.29%) SaaS
15 50 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 44 (1.09%) AWS CloudFormation
17 42 (1.04%) CloudFront
18 40 (0.99%) npm
19 32 (0.79%) Office 365
20 22 (0.55%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 303 (7.51%) Firewall
2 234 (5.80%) TCP/IP
3 219 (5.43%) HTTP
4 199 (4.93%) SAN
5 149 (3.69%) DNS
6 134 (3.32%) SSL
7 117 (2.90%) Internet
8 99 (2.45%) Network Security
9 98 (2.43%) LAN
10 90 (2.23%) WAN
11 82 (2.03%) SMS
12 66 (1.64%) VPN
13 61 (1.51%) Kerberos
14 53 (1.31%) DHCP
14 53 (1.31%) SNMP
15 39 (0.97%) NAS
16 38 (0.94%) MPLS
16 38 (0.94%) SSH
17 37 (0.92%) VLAN
18 34 (0.84%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 555 (13.75%) Relational Database
2 312 (7.73%) Oracle Database
3 307 (7.61%) SQL Server
4 266 (6.59%) MySQL
5 252 (6.24%) Hadoop
6 247 (6.12%) Big Data
7 181 (4.48%) MongoDB
8 176 (4.36%) NoSQL
8 176 (4.36%) RDBMS
9 169 (4.19%) PostgreSQL
10 147 (3.64%) Data Warehouse
11 131 (3.25%) DB2
12 111 (2.75%) Oracle Database 11g
13 87 (2.16%) Apache Hive
14 86 (2.13%) HBase
15 71 (1.76%) Apache Cassandra
16 59 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
17 56 (1.39%) Oracle Database 12c
18 48 (1.19%) BusinessObjects
19 43 (1.07%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 721 (17.86%) Git (software)
2 672 (16.65%) Jenkins
3 383 (9.49%) JIRA
4 318 (7.88%) Maven
5 208 (5.15%) JUnit
6 196 (4.86%) Cucumber
7 195 (4.83%) Subversion
8 163 (4.04%) Mockito
9 153 (3.79%) Selenium
10 119 (2.95%) Gradle
11 115 (2.85%) Sonatype Nexus
12 104 (2.58%) Artifactory
13 91 (2.25%) Eclipse
13 91 (2.25%) TeamCity
14 84 (2.08%) IntelliJ
15 68 (1.68%) Ant
16 61 (1.51%) Bitbucket
17 54 (1.34%) SoapUI
18 50 (1.24%) Vagrant
19 48 (1.19%) Liquibase
General
1 1,029 (25.50%) Finance
2 576 (14.27%) Banking
3 219 (5.43%) Investment Banking
4 200 (4.96%) Front Office
5 111 (2.75%) Telecoms
6 89 (2.21%) Retail
7 55 (1.36%) Financial Institution
8 40 (0.99%) Back Office
8 40 (0.99%) Manufacturing
8 40 (0.99%) Marketing
9 30 (0.74%) Legal
10 26 (0.64%) Games
11 22 (0.55%) Electronics
12 18 (0.45%) Law
13 17 (0.42%) Advertising
13 17 (0.42%) Retail Banking
14 15 (0.37%) Publishing
15 13 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
16 12 (0.30%) Spanish Language
17 11 (0.27%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,254 (31.07%) Developer
2 529 (13.11%) Java Developer
3 427 (10.58%) Analyst
4 391 (9.69%) DevOps Engineer
5 258 (6.39%) Architect
6 257 (6.37%) Administrator
7 194 (4.81%) Senior Developer
8 179 (4.44%) Linux Engineer
9 155 (3.84%) Consultant
10 149 (3.69%) Support Analyst
11 148 (3.67%) Systems Administrator
12 141 (3.49%) Unix Engineer
13 139 (3.44%) Senior Java Developer
14 138 (3.42%) AWS Engineer
15 122 (3.02%) Applications Support
16 121 (3.00%) AWS DevOps
17 113 (2.80%) Unix Administrator
18 109 (2.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 106 (2.63%) Linux/Unix DevOps
20 103 (2.55%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 423 (10.48%) Spring
2 372 (9.22%) REST
3 362 (8.97%) Web Services
4 355 (8.80%) XML
5 321 (7.95%) HTML
6 299 (7.41%) Middleware
7 269 (6.67%) J2EE
8 260 (6.44%) RESTful
9 221 (5.48%) JSON
10 211 (5.23%) Node.js
11 198 (4.91%) SOAP
12 195 (4.83%) Kafka
13 180 (4.46%) Hibernate
14 178 (4.41%) CSS
15 170 (4.21%) JMS
16 126 (3.12%) AngularJS
17 122 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
18 118 (2.92%) .NET
19 111 (2.75%) LDAP
20 98 (2.43%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 487 (12.07%) Analytical Skills
2 270 (6.69%) Linux Command Line
3 174 (4.31%) Computer Science
4 152 (3.77%) Data Centre
5 141 (3.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 121 (3.00%) Algorithms
7 116 (2.87%) Management Information System
8 100 (2.48%) Greenfield Project
9 93 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
10 91 (2.25%) Data Structures
10 91 (2.25%) Equities
11 89 (2.21%) Mainframe
12 84 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
13 71 (1.76%) Clustering
14 69 (1.71%) Fintech
15 67 (1.66%) Derivative
16 63 (1.56%) Fixed Income
16 63 (1.56%) Virtual Team
17 56 (1.39%) Replication
18 39 (0.97%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 2,418 (59.91%) Linux
2 886 (21.95%) Windows
3 408 (10.11%) Solaris
4 381 (9.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 216 (5.35%) AIX
6 177 (4.39%) Windows Server
7 124 (3.07%) Mac OS X
8 102 (2.53%) CentOS
9 84 (2.08%) HPUX
10 66 (1.64%) Ubuntu
11 51 (1.26%) Windows 7
11 51 (1.26%) Windows Server 2008
12 45 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
13 41 (1.02%) VMS
13 41 (1.02%) Windows Server 2003
14 29 (0.72%) Apple iOS
15 28 (0.69%) Mac OS
15 28 (0.69%) SUSE
15 28 (0.69%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 27 (0.67%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,123 (27.82%) Agile Software Development
2 797 (19.75%) DevOps
3 468 (11.60%) Test Automation
4 445 (11.03%) Problem-Solving
5 434 (10.75%) Configuration Management
6 416 (10.31%) Continuous Integration
7 412 (10.21%) TDD
8 334 (8.28%) OO
9 316 (7.83%) Open Source
10 311 (7.71%) Scrum
11 287 (7.11%) Migration
12 278 (6.89%) SDLC
13 268 (6.64%) ITIL
14 241 (5.97%) BDD
15 219 (5.43%) Microservices
16 202 (5.00%) Software Engineering
17 184 (4.56%) Continuous Delivery
18 171 (4.24%) Change Management
19 169 (4.19%) ETL
20 166 (4.11%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,417 (35.11%) Java
2 1,287 (31.89%) SQL
3 923 (22.87%) Python
4 618 (15.31%) Shell Script
5 500 (12.39%) Perl
6 413 (10.23%) JavaScript
7 405 (10.03%) Bash Shell
8 272 (6.74%) PL/SQL
9 265 (6.57%) Ruby
10 211 (5.23%) C++
11 169 (4.19%) Java 8
12 163 (4.04%) Scala
13 156 (3.87%) PowerShell
14 144 (3.57%) C
15 127 (3.15%) C#
16 111 (2.75%) PHP
17 94 (2.33%) Korn
18 85 (2.11%) Groovy
19 44 (1.09%) Go
20 38 (0.94%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 412 (10.21%) Security Cleared
2 317 (7.85%) SC Cleared
3 293 (7.26%) Degree
4 88 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 73 (1.81%) CISSP
6 70 (1.73%) Cisco Certification
7 61 (1.51%) ISTQB
8 43 (1.07%) ISEB
9 42 (1.04%) CCNA
10 38 (0.94%) CCNP
11 37 (0.92%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 36 (0.89%) AWS Certification
12 36 (0.89%) CISM
13 34 (0.84%) DV Cleared
14 30 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
15 25 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
16 24 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
17 23 (0.57%) SANS
18 15 (0.37%) CEH
18 15 (0.37%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (3.64%) QA
2 75 (1.86%) SLA
3 59 (1.46%) Data Quality
4 32 (0.79%) GDPR
5 29 (0.72%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 26 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 25 (0.62%) PCI DSS
8 21 (0.52%) GCP
8 21 (0.52%) MiFID
9 20 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
10 16 (0.40%) EMIR
11 15 (0.37%) TARGET2
12 11 (0.27%) COBIT
12 11 (0.27%) Dodd-Frank
13 10 (0.25%) PMO
14 8 (0.20%) SEPA
15 6 (0.15%) NIST 800
15 6 (0.15%) RMADS
16 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 4 (0.099%) JSP 440
System Software
1 485 (12.02%) Docker
2 152 (3.77%) Active Directory
3 147 (3.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 101 (2.50%) HDFS
5 68 (1.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 45 (1.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 45 (1.11%) VMware ESXi
7 43 (1.07%) vSphere
8 41 (1.02%) NFS
9 40 (0.99%) Oracle RAC
10 38 (0.94%) Hyper-V
11 35 (0.87%) Firmware
12 29 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
13 21 (0.52%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
14 20 (0.50%) RACF
15 19 (0.47%) flannel
15 19 (0.47%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 19 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
16 18 (0.45%) KVM
17 17 (0.42%) Xen
Systems Management
1 464 (11.50%) Ansible
2 423 (10.48%) Puppet
3 308 (7.63%) Opscode Chef
4 240 (5.95%) Kubernetes
5 173 (4.29%) Terraform
6 86 (2.13%) Hadoop YARN
7 62 (1.54%) Grafana
8 55 (1.36%) Kibana
9 52 (1.29%) logstash
10 49 (1.21%) Tivoli
11 47 (1.16%) Nagios
12 43 (1.07%) NetBackup
13 42 (1.04%) BladeLogic
13 42 (1.04%) Salt
14 37 (0.92%) HP Quality Center
14 37 (0.92%) SCCM
15 35 (0.87%) SCOM
16 32 (0.79%) Oracle RMAN
17 31 (0.77%) Data Guard
18 30 (0.74%) Packer
Vendors
1 1,085 (26.88%) Oracle
2 403 (9.99%) Red Hat
3 287 (7.11%) Microsoft
4 282 (6.99%) IBM
5 232 (5.75%) VMware
6 164 (4.06%) HP
7 150 (3.72%) Splunk
8 126 (3.12%) Cisco
9 102 (2.53%) Atlassian
10 93 (2.30%) Sybase
11 91 (2.25%) Google
12 90 (2.23%) Informatica
13 83 (2.06%) Sun
14 82 (2.03%) Citrix
15 81 (2.01%) SAP
15 81 (2.01%) Veritas
16 80 (1.98%) CA
17 70 (1.73%) EMC
18 61 (1.51%) AppDynamics
18 61 (1.51%) NetApp