Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 42 33 31
Rank change year-on-year -9 -2 -1
Contract jobs citing Unix 4787 5430 6027
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.78% 5.15% 5.29%
As % of the Operating Systems category 22.94% 23.45% 24.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2974 3335 3560
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - -
10th Percentile £313 £281 £295
90th Percentile £625 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 53 112
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £32.50 £36.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.77% -11.77% +22.78%
10th Percentile £13.66 £16.30 £17.00
90th Percentile £43.75 £57.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -5.41% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20868 23157 24534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.83% 21.97% 21.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 13194 14561 14458
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £185
90th Percentile £594 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £360
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +10.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1241 1284 1938
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +5.10%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.81 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +5.03% - +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 4322 £475 +10.47% 346
London +1 2389 £525 +10.53% 161
UK excluding London -12 2336 £425 +6.25% 199
South East -3 785 £435 +8.63% 74
North of England -9 518 £420 +12.00% 54
Midlands -27 260 £375 -11.76% 19
Scotland -11 232 £413 +5.77% 12
North West -6 222 £425 - 26
East of England -13 201 £475 +30.14% 25
Yorkshire -3 183 £438 +2.94% 23
Northern Ireland +20 161 £420 +19.91% 2
South West -23 157 £401 +2.04% 13
West Midlands -23 144 £400 -7.51% 12
North East +3 129 £375 +19.81% 5
East Midlands -23 105 £351 -15.03% 7
Wales -12 32 £401 -5.76%

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 3046 (63.63%) Linux
2 1725 (36.04%) Java
3 1556 (32.50%) SQL
4 1291 (26.97%) Oracle
5 1241 (25.92%) Windows
6 1232 (25.74%) Finance
7 1152 (24.07%) Agile Software Development
8 1073 (22.41%) Python
9 809 (16.90%) DevOps
10 789 (16.48%) Banking
11 772 (16.13%) Perl
12 742 (15.50%) Shell Script
13 718 (15.00%) Git (software)
14 594 (12.41%) Relational Database
15 592 (12.37%) Jenkins
16 582 (12.16%) Red Hat
17 558 (11.66%) Solaris
18 552 (11.53%) JavaScript
19 534 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
20 512 (10.70%) Security Cleared
21 502 (10.49%) Puppet
22 494 (10.32%) Amazon AWS
23 490 (10.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
24 468 (9.78%) Ansible
25 438 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
26 435 (9.09%) Test Automation
27 420 (8.77%) Configuration Management
28 411 (8.59%) Firewall
29 401 (8.38%) Docker
30 396 (8.27%) Web Services

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (7.08%) Apache
2 303 (6.33%) Tomcat
3 289 (6.04%) JBoss
4 273 (5.70%) WebLogic
5 171 (3.57%) Apache Spark
6 169 (3.53%) WebSphere
7 166 (3.47%) Confluence
8 124 (2.59%) IIS
9 93 (1.94%) SAS
10 88 (1.84%) OpenStack
11 75 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
11 75 (1.57%) MS Exchange
12 69 (1.44%) WildFly
13 63 (1.32%) Oracle Application Server
14 62 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 61 (1.27%) nginx
16 59 (1.23%) iPlanet
17 57 (1.19%) MQSeries
18 51 (1.07%) SharePoint
19 45 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 90 (1.88%) Microsoft Office
2 89 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (0.88%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
6 18 (0.38%) HipChat
7 9 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.17%) Pipeline Pilot
8 8 (0.17%) SPSS
9 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.084%) Stata
11 3 (0.063%) InVision
12 2 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.021%) Doxygen
13 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 31 (0.65%) SAP ERP
2 29 (0.61%) Oracle Applications
3 28 (0.58%) ION MarketView
3 28 (0.58%) Oracle BPM
3 28 (0.58%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 23 (0.48%) RMDS
5 21 (0.44%) Magento
5 21 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
6 18 (0.38%) Temenos T24
7 16 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
8 14 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 14 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
9 13 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
10 10 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
10 10 (0.21%) Oracle Utilities
10 10 (0.21%) Sonata
11 9 (0.19%) Unica
12 8 (0.17%) Siebel CRM
13 7 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
14 6 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 494 (10.32%) Amazon AWS
2 182 (3.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 102 (2.13%) GitHub
4 84 (1.75%) PaaS
5 79 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
6 56 (1.17%) OpenShift
7 52 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
8 49 (1.02%) IaaS
9 48 (1.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 37 (0.77%) Amazon S3
11 34 (0.71%) npm
12 31 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
13 30 (0.63%) Office 365
13 30 (0.63%) SaaS
14 29 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
15 24 (0.50%) Serverless
16 22 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
16 22 (0.46%) Route 53
17 19 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 13 (0.27%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 411 (8.59%) Firewall
2 394 (8.23%) TCP/IP
3 249 (5.20%) HTTP
4 240 (5.01%) SAN
5 227 (4.74%) DNS
6 195 (4.07%) LDAP
7 165 (3.45%) SSL
8 131 (2.74%) Internet
9 124 (2.59%) NAS
10 115 (2.40%) WAN
11 104 (2.17%) LAN
12 93 (1.94%) Kerberos
13 92 (1.92%) VPN
14 88 (1.84%) Network Security
14 88 (1.84%) SSH
15 61 (1.27%) DHCP
16 48 (1.00%) Fibre Channel
17 39 (0.81%) FTP
18 38 (0.79%) Wireless
19 36 (0.75%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 594 (12.41%) Relational Database
2 347 (7.25%) SQL Server
3 326 (6.81%) Oracle Database
4 276 (5.77%) Hadoop
5 271 (5.66%) MySQL
6 260 (5.43%) Big Data
7 248 (5.18%) RDBMS
8 239 (4.99%) NoSQL
9 191 (3.99%) MongoDB
10 171 (3.57%) DB2
11 152 (3.18%) PostgreSQL
12 137 (2.86%) Apache Hive
13 122 (2.55%) Data Warehouse
14 115 (2.40%) Apache Cassandra
15 90 (1.88%) Oracle Database 11g
16 77 (1.61%) HBase
17 70 (1.46%) Oracle Database 12c
18 64 (1.34%) KDB
19 52 (1.09%) Impala
20 49 (1.02%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 718 (15.00%) Git (software)
2 592 (12.37%) Jenkins
3 375 (7.83%) JIRA
4 341 (7.12%) Maven
5 267 (5.58%) Subversion
6 226 (4.72%) JUnit
7 127 (2.65%) Mockito
8 123 (2.57%) Selenium
9 109 (2.28%) Cucumber
10 98 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
11 89 (1.86%) TeamCity
12 85 (1.78%) Artifactory
13 79 (1.65%) Vagrant
14 75 (1.57%) Eclipse
15 71 (1.48%) Gradle
16 69 (1.44%) Bitbucket
17 66 (1.38%) IntelliJ
18 59 (1.23%) Ant
19 54 (1.13%) Hudson
19 54 (1.13%) WebDriver
General
1 1232 (25.74%) Finance
2 789 (16.48%) Banking
3 330 (6.89%) Front Office
4 294 (6.14%) Investment Banking
5 150 (3.13%) Telecoms
6 139 (2.90%) Retail
7 81 (1.69%) Marketing
8 79 (1.65%) Games
9 73 (1.52%) Financial Institution
10 66 (1.38%) Manufacturing
11 48 (1.00%) Electronics
12 47 (0.98%) Legal
13 44 (0.92%) Back Office
14 42 (0.88%) Retail Banking
15 27 (0.56%) Law
16 17 (0.36%) Billing
16 17 (0.36%) Publishing
17 13 (0.27%) Advertising
17 13 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
18 12 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1505 (31.44%) Developer
2 606 (12.66%) Java Developer
3 441 (9.21%) Analyst
4 394 (8.23%) Administrator
5 353 (7.37%) DevOps Engineer
6 279 (5.83%) Consultant
7 270 (5.64%) Unix Engineer
8 249 (5.20%) Senior Developer
9 238 (4.97%) Architect
10 228 (4.76%) Linux Engineer
11 190 (3.97%) Systems Administrator
12 184 (3.84%) C++ Developer
13 147 (3.07%) Support Analyst
13 147 (3.07%) Unix Administrator
14 142 (2.97%) Senior Java Developer
15 131 (2.74%) AWS Engineer
16 122 (2.55%) Applications Support
17 121 (2.53%) DBA
18 118 (2.47%) AWS DevOps
19 113 (2.36%) Linux Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 396 (8.27%) Web Services
1 396 (8.27%) XML
2 377 (7.88%) HTML
3 369 (7.71%) Spring
4 323 (6.75%) Middleware
5 303 (6.33%) REST
6 290 (6.06%) J2EE
7 284 (5.93%) RESTful
8 268 (5.60%) CSS
9 238 (4.97%) JSON
10 209 (4.37%) SOAP
11 200 (4.18%) .NET
12 188 (3.93%) FIX Protocol
13 176 (3.68%) Hibernate
14 175 (3.66%) Node.js
15 156 (3.26%) JMS
16 151 (3.15%) HTML5
17 149 (3.11%) Kafka
18 143 (2.99%) AngularJS
19 126 (2.63%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 534 (11.16%) Analytical Skills
2 209 (4.37%) Data Centre
3 192 (4.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 186 (3.89%) Linux Command Line
5 180 (3.76%) Computer Science
6 160 (3.34%) Equities
7 148 (3.09%) Fixed Income
8 134 (2.80%) Management Information System
9 123 (2.57%) Clustering
10 110 (2.30%) Derivative
11 87 (1.82%) Mainframe
12 78 (1.63%) PKI
13 74 (1.55%) Data Structures
13 74 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
14 69 (1.44%) Greenfield Project
15 67 (1.40%) User Experience
15 67 (1.40%) Virtual Team
16 65 (1.36%) Client/Server
17 61 (1.27%) Replication
18 59 (1.23%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 3046 (63.63%) Linux
2 1241 (25.92%) Windows
3 558 (11.66%) Solaris
4 490 (10.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 364 (7.60%) AIX
6 218 (4.55%) Windows Server
7 188 (3.93%) Mac OS X
8 125 (2.61%) HPUX
9 108 (2.26%) CentOS
10 105 (2.19%) SUSE
11 73 (1.52%) Windows Server 2008
12 72 (1.50%) Ubuntu
13 70 (1.46%) Windows Server 2012
14 57 (1.19%) VMS
15 54 (1.13%) Mac OS
16 46 (0.96%) Windows XP
17 44 (0.92%) Windows Server 2003
18 41 (0.86%) Debian
19 39 (0.81%) Android
20 38 (0.79%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1152 (24.07%) Agile Software Development
2 809 (16.90%) DevOps
3 438 (9.15%) Continuous Integration
4 435 (9.09%) Test Automation
5 420 (8.77%) Configuration Management
6 362 (7.56%) Scrum
7 361 (7.54%) TDD
8 349 (7.29%) OO
9 344 (7.19%) ITIL
10 303 (6.33%) Migration
11 281 (5.87%) Open Source
12 260 (5.43%) SDLC
13 254 (5.31%) High Availability
14 252 (5.26%) Mentoring
15 240 (5.01%) Multithreading
16 235 (4.91%) Software Engineering
17 229 (4.78%) Microservices
18 222 (4.64%) Analytics
19 217 (4.53%) Load Balancing
20 198 (4.14%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 1725 (36.04%) Java
2 1556 (32.50%) SQL
3 1073 (22.41%) Python
4 772 (16.13%) Perl
5 742 (15.50%) Shell Script
6 552 (11.53%) JavaScript
7 377 (7.88%) Bash Shell
8 342 (7.14%) C++
9 272 (5.68%) PL/SQL
10 246 (5.14%) Ruby
11 209 (4.37%) Scala
12 181 (3.78%) PowerShell
13 178 (3.72%) Korn
14 176 (3.68%) C#
15 168 (3.51%) C
16 119 (2.49%) PHP
17 84 (1.75%) Go
18 80 (1.67%) R
19 59 (1.23%) T-SQL
20 54 (1.13%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 512 (10.70%) Security Cleared
2 354 (7.40%) SC Cleared
3 311 (6.50%) Degree
4 104 (2.17%) CISSP
5 87 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 57 (1.19%) DV Cleared
7 43 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
8 39 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
9 37 (0.77%) SANS
10 36 (0.75%) Cisco Certification
10 36 (0.75%) CISM
11 29 (0.61%) RHCE
12 27 (0.56%) ISEB
13 25 (0.52%) CCNA
13 25 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
14 24 (0.50%) MCSE
15 22 (0.46%) ISTQB
16 20 (0.42%) CEH
17 18 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 17 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 169 (3.53%) QA
2 79 (1.65%) SLA
3 72 (1.50%) MiFID
4 41 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 39 (0.81%) PCI DSS
6 30 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 29 (0.61%) Data Quality
8 13 (0.27%) GCP
9 12 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
10 11 (0.23%) JSP 440
11 10 (0.21%) GDPR
12 9 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
13 8 (0.17%) COBIT
13 8 (0.17%) EMIR
14 6 (0.13%) TARGET2
15 5 (0.10%) FATCA
15 5 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
15 5 (0.10%) RMADS
16 4 (0.084%) COREP
16 4 (0.084%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 401 (8.38%) Docker
2 258 (5.39%) Active Directory
3 188 (3.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 86 (1.80%) NFS
5 79 (1.65%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 74 (1.55%) HDFS
7 72 (1.50%) Hyper-V
8 71 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
9 70 (1.46%) VMware ESXi
10 59 (1.23%) Oracle RAC
11 53 (1.11%) Samba
12 52 (1.09%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 41 (0.86%) Apache Flume
14 39 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 38 (0.79%) KVM
16 37 (0.77%) Xen
17 36 (0.75%) Veritas File System
18 33 (0.69%) vSphere
19 24 (0.50%) RACF
19 24 (0.50%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 502 (10.49%) Puppet
2 468 (9.78%) Ansible
3 289 (6.04%) Opscode Chef
4 144 (3.01%) Kubernetes
5 116 (2.42%) logstash
6 106 (2.21%) NetBackup
7 96 (2.01%) Kibana
8 95 (1.98%) Terraform
9 88 (1.84%) Nagios
10 73 (1.52%) Grafana
11 69 (1.44%) ITRS Geneos
12 62 (1.30%) Control-M
13 44 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
14 41 (0.86%) Tivoli
15 39 (0.81%) BladeLogic
16 37 (0.77%) Mesos
17 35 (0.73%) SCCM
17 35 (0.73%) ZABBIX
18 32 (0.67%) Rancher
19 29 (0.61%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 1291 (26.97%) Oracle
2 582 (12.16%) Red Hat
3 362 (7.56%) Microsoft
4 324 (6.77%) IBM
5 313 (6.54%) VMware
6 258 (5.39%) Sybase
7 229 (4.78%) Splunk
8 223 (4.66%) HP
9 184 (3.84%) Veritas
10 181 (3.78%) Cisco
11 176 (3.68%) Sun
12 149 (3.11%) SAP
13 120 (2.51%) F5
14 112 (2.34%) Citrix
15 90 (1.88%) NetApp
16 87 (1.82%) EMC
17 77 (1.61%) AppDynamics
18 76 (1.59%) CyberArk
18 76 (1.59%) Symantec
19 74 (1.55%) Atlassian