Period
to 18 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 18 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
18 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 68 52 41
Rank change year-on-year -16 -11 -8
Contract jobs citing Unix 3,248 4,192 4,523
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.39% 4.15% 4.88%
As % of the Operating Systems category 16.67% 19.96% 23.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,984 2,678 2,880
UK median daily rate £475 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +8.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £420
% change year-on-year +4.65% +2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 57 74
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% -18.75% +45.45%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.33 £18.76
90th Percentile £52.50 £57.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +12.90% -11.43% +2.94%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19,488 20,999 19,225
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.33% 20.77% 20.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,343 13,358 12,171
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.80% +4.38%
10th Percentile £159 £181 £200
90th Percentile £613 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,178 1,280 1,196
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £17.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% -2.94%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.86 £15.86
% change year-on-year +0.88% - -3.88%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 18 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 18 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 2,938 £490 -2.00% 232
UK excluding London -3 1,926 £450 +4.65% 132
London -33 1,282 £525 - 108
South East -15 549 £450 -0.11% 36
North of England +22 446 £470 +13.94% 23
Midlands -1 286 £400 - 17
West Midlands +17 232 £395 -12.22% 13
Yorkshire +19 214 £475 +11.76% 8
Scotland +6 193 £418 +4.38% 5
East of England +32 191 £450 -3.49% 33
North West +28 185 £500 +17.65% 14
South West -11 178 £475 +6.74% 15
Wales +18 55 £475 -2.56% 1
East Midlands -26 54 £425 +10.39% 4
North East -29 47 £360 -10.00% 1
Northern Ireland -1 29 £330 -23.26% 2
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 18 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,908 (58.74%) Linux
2 1,185 (36.48%) SQL
3 1,159 (35.68%) Java
4 1,074 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
5 963 (29.65%) Oracle
6 798 (24.57%) Windows
7 728 (22.41%) Python
8 652 (20.07%) Git (software)
9 635 (19.55%) DevOps
10 592 (18.23%) Amazon AWS
11 562 (17.30%) Finance
12 561 (17.27%) Jenkins
13 488 (15.02%) Test Automation
14 481 (14.81%) Shell Script
15 451 (13.89%) Docker
16 420 (12.93%) JIRA
17 418 (12.87%) Security Cleared
18 414 (12.75%) TDD
19 396 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
20 391 (12.04%) JavaScript
21 389 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
22 384 (11.82%) Banking
23 361 (11.11%) Ansible
24 358 (11.02%) Relational Database
25 350 (10.78%) Perl
26 349 (10.75%) HTML
27 342 (10.53%) Spring
28 307 (9.45%) Microsoft
29 298 (9.17%) Configuration Management
30 295 (9.08%) Oracle Database

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (8.00%) Confluence
2 229 (7.05%) Apache
3 186 (5.73%) WebLogic
4 133 (4.09%) Tomcat
5 127 (3.91%) JBoss
6 125 (3.85%) Apache Spark
7 97 (2.99%) WebSphere
8 89 (2.74%) SAS
9 78 (2.40%) Elasticsearch
10 71 (2.19%) nginx
11 45 (1.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 39 (1.20%) SharePoint
13 38 (1.17%) WebSphere Application Server
14 35 (1.08%) IIS
15 29 (0.89%) WildFly
16 27 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
17 26 (0.80%) MS Exchange
18 24 (0.74%) OpenStack
19 21 (0.65%) Mule
19 21 (0.65%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 67 (2.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.74%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.34%) SPSS
6 11 (0.34%) Stata
7 6 (0.18%) CATIA
7 6 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.15%) Siemens NX
9 2 (0.062%) Acrobat
9 2 (0.062%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.062%) GIMP
9 2 (0.062%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.031%) HipChat
10 1 (0.031%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 26 (0.80%) Oracle EBS
2 25 (0.77%) Oracle EBS R12
3 21 (0.65%) Oracle Applications
4 14 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
5 13 (0.40%) Oracle Receivables
6 12 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
7 11 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
8 10 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
9 9 (0.28%) Actimize
9 9 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
9 9 (0.28%) Sentinel
10 8 (0.25%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 8 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
10 8 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.22%) assyst
11 7 (0.22%) HFM
11 7 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
11 7 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 6 (0.18%) Oracle AML
12 6 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 592 (18.23%) Amazon AWS
2 287 (8.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 152 (4.68%) GitHub
4 95 (2.92%) Google Cloud Platform
5 81 (2.49%) PaaS
6 72 (2.22%) Amazon S3
7 68 (2.09%) IaaS
8 65 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
9 55 (1.69%) SaaS
10 54 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
10 54 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
11 47 (1.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 47 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 45 (1.39%) OpenShift
13 44 (1.35%) Serverless
14 41 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
15 31 (0.95%) Google Analytics
16 26 (0.80%) Office 365
17 24 (0.74%) Datadog
18 17 (0.52%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 215 (6.62%) HTTP
2 197 (6.07%) Firewall
3 186 (5.73%) TCP/IP
4 125 (3.85%) DNS
5 124 (3.82%) SSL
6 100 (3.08%) LAN
7 97 (2.99%) SAN
8 94 (2.89%) WAN
9 87 (2.68%) VPN
10 85 (2.62%) Internet
11 42 (1.29%) DHCP
12 40 (1.23%) Kerberos
13 35 (1.08%) VoIP
14 32 (0.99%) NAS
15 30 (0.92%) Intrusion Detection
15 30 (0.92%) IPsec
16 29 (0.89%) SSH
17 26 (0.80%) SMTP
18 25 (0.77%) BGP
18 25 (0.77%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (11.02%) Relational Database
2 295 (9.08%) Oracle Database
3 241 (7.42%) MongoDB
4 237 (7.30%) SQL Server
5 236 (7.27%) MySQL
6 221 (6.80%) Big Data
7 220 (6.77%) Hadoop
8 184 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
9 167 (5.14%) NoSQL
10 136 (4.19%) RDBMS
11 119 (3.66%) Data Warehouse
12 118 (3.63%) Apache Hive
13 111 (3.42%) HBase
14 83 (2.56%) Oracle Database 12c
15 79 (2.43%) DB2
16 70 (2.16%) Oracle Database 11g
17 58 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
18 55 (1.69%) BusinessObjects
19 54 (1.66%) Parquet
19 54 (1.66%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 652 (20.07%) Git (software)
2 561 (17.27%) Jenkins
3 420 (12.93%) JIRA
4 226 (6.96%) Maven
5 212 (6.53%) Cucumber
6 183 (5.63%) Subversion
7 181 (5.57%) Selenium
8 170 (5.23%) JUnit
9 128 (3.94%) Mockito
10 104 (3.20%) Bitbucket
11 85 (2.62%) Ant
12 80 (2.46%) SoapUI
13 68 (2.09%) Sonatype Nexus
14 62 (1.91%) Gradle
15 56 (1.72%) Oracle Forms
16 55 (1.69%) Artifactory
16 55 (1.69%) TeamCity
17 52 (1.60%) Eclipse
18 50 (1.54%) GitLab
19 49 (1.51%) Gatling
General
1 562 (17.30%) Finance
2 384 (11.82%) Banking
3 123 (3.79%) Investment Banking
4 121 (3.73%) Front Office
5 77 (2.37%) Telecoms
6 70 (2.16%) Retail
7 39 (1.20%) Manufacturing
8 32 (0.99%) Games
9 27 (0.83%) Legal
10 26 (0.80%) Law
11 25 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 23 (0.71%) Retail Banking
13 19 (0.58%) Back Office
13 19 (0.58%) Marketing
14 17 (0.52%) Electronics
15 16 (0.49%) Aerospace
16 9 (0.28%) Publishing
17 7 (0.22%) Advertising
17 7 (0.22%) French Language
18 6 (0.18%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,041 (32.05%) Developer
2 440 (13.55%) Java Developer
3 298 (9.17%) Analyst
4 258 (7.94%) DevOps Engineer
5 234 (7.20%) Administrator
6 225 (6.93%) Architect
7 127 (3.91%) Senior Developer
8 126 (3.88%) Systems Administrator
9 121 (3.73%) Consultant
10 108 (3.33%) DBA
10 108 (3.33%) Unix Engineer
11 94 (2.89%) Linux Engineer
11 94 (2.89%) Test Analyst
12 91 (2.80%) Tester
13 80 (2.46%) AWS Engineer
14 74 (2.28%) Technical Architect
15 71 (2.19%) Systems Engineer
16 70 (2.16%) Oracle DBA
17 67 (2.06%) Unix Administrator
18 64 (1.97%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 349 (10.75%) HTML
2 342 (10.53%) Spring
3 288 (8.87%) REST
4 257 (7.91%) Middleware
5 254 (7.82%) XML
6 245 (7.54%) CSS
7 225 (6.93%) Web Services
8 209 (6.43%) J2EE
9 175 (5.39%) SOAP
10 171 (5.26%) Node.js
11 166 (5.11%) JSON
12 143 (4.40%) AngularJS
12 143 (4.40%) RESTful
13 128 (3.94%) Kafka
14 109 (3.36%) HTML5
14 109 (3.36%) JAX-RS
15 105 (3.23%) .NET
15 105 (3.23%) Hibernate
16 103 (3.17%) React
17 102 (3.14%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 272 (8.37%) Analytical Skills
2 149 (4.59%) Data Centre
2 149 (4.59%) Linux Command Line
3 121 (3.73%) Management Information System
4 78 (2.40%) Mainframe
5 71 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
6 67 (2.06%) Virtual Team
7 64 (1.97%) User Experience
8 58 (1.79%) Derivative
8 58 (1.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 50 (1.54%) Clustering
10 49 (1.51%) Algorithms
11 48 (1.48%) Public Cloud
12 47 (1.45%) Fixed Income
13 46 (1.42%) Replication
14 45 (1.39%) Equities
15 41 (1.26%) Client/Server
16 38 (1.17%) Fintech
17 32 (0.99%) Data Structures
18 29 (0.89%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 1,908 (58.74%) Linux
2 798 (24.57%) Windows
3 251 (7.73%) Solaris
4 249 (7.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 187 (5.76%) Mac OS X
6 166 (5.11%) Windows Server
7 155 (4.77%) AIX
8 102 (3.14%) CentOS
9 53 (1.63%) Ubuntu
10 43 (1.32%) Oracle Linux
11 39 (1.20%) Apple iOS
12 34 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
13 31 (0.95%) HPUX
14 22 (0.68%) Android
15 21 (0.65%) VMS
16 20 (0.62%) Debian
16 20 (0.62%) Mac OS
17 16 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
18 15 (0.46%) SUSE
18 15 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,074 (33.07%) Agile Software Development
2 635 (19.55%) DevOps
3 488 (15.02%) Test Automation
4 414 (12.75%) TDD
5 396 (12.19%) Continuous Integration
6 389 (11.98%) Problem-Solving
7 298 (9.17%) Configuration Management
8 285 (8.77%) Microservices
9 283 (8.71%) Scrum
10 281 (8.65%) BDD
11 259 (7.97%) ITIL
12 245 (7.54%) Open Source
13 237 (7.30%) Migration
14 215 (6.62%) ETL
15 207 (6.37%) OO
16 203 (6.25%) Web Development
17 194 (5.97%) Continuous Deployment
18 181 (5.57%) Test Scripting
19 167 (5.14%) Continuous Delivery
20 148 (4.56%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 1,185 (36.48%) SQL
2 1,159 (35.68%) Java
3 728 (22.41%) Python
4 481 (14.81%) Shell Script
5 391 (12.04%) JavaScript
6 350 (10.78%) Perl
7 279 (8.59%) PL/SQL
8 235 (7.24%) Bash Shell
9 177 (5.45%) Java 8
10 172 (5.30%) Ruby
11 141 (4.34%) C++
12 139 (4.28%) C
13 121 (3.73%) PowerShell
14 115 (3.54%) Scala
15 109 (3.36%) C#
15 109 (3.36%) PHP
16 58 (1.79%) Groovy
17 53 (1.63%) Korn
18 45 (1.39%) R
19 43 (1.32%) Go
Qualifications
1 418 (12.87%) Security Cleared
2 289 (8.90%) SC Cleared
3 219 (6.74%) Degree
4 101 (3.11%) ISTQB
5 85 (2.62%) ISEB
6 81 (2.49%) DV Cleared
7 75 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
8 71 (2.19%) BPSS Clearance
9 54 (1.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 47 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
11 39 (1.20%) ITIL Certification
12 32 (0.99%) CISSP
13 29 (0.89%) AWS Certification
14 27 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
15 26 (0.80%) CCNA
15 26 (0.80%) Master's Degree
16 24 (0.74%) CCIE
17 19 (0.58%) MCSE
18 17 (0.52%) CCNP
18 17 (0.52%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (4.43%) QA
2 35 (1.08%) SLA
3 32 (0.99%) Data Quality
4 21 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 18 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
6 18 (0.55%) GDPR
7 12 (0.37%) WCAG
8 9 (0.28%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.25%) MiFID
10 3 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.092%) RMADS
11 2 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.062%) JSP 440
11 2 (0.062%) PSD2
11 2 (0.062%) SEPA
12 1 (0.031%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.031%) IFRS
12 1 (0.031%) IFRS 9
12 1 (0.031%) PMO
System Software
1 451 (13.89%) Docker
2 136 (4.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 132 (4.06%) Active Directory
4 108 (3.33%) HDFS
5 83 (2.56%) Oracle RAC
6 80 (2.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 35 (1.08%) vSphere
8 26 (0.80%) Virtual Machines
8 26 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
9 25 (0.77%) KVM
10 23 (0.71%) NFS
11 19 (0.58%) Apache Flume
12 16 (0.49%) Hyper-V
13 15 (0.46%) Firmware
13 15 (0.46%) Shibboleth
13 15 (0.46%) XenApp
14 14 (0.43%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 14 (0.43%) Virtual Servers
15 13 (0.40%) Xen
16 12 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 361 (11.11%) Ansible
2 294 (9.05%) Puppet
3 239 (7.36%) Kubernetes
4 196 (6.03%) Terraform
5 174 (5.36%) Opscode Chef
6 79 (2.43%) Hadoop YARN
7 55 (1.69%) Kibana
8 49 (1.51%) NetBackup
9 44 (1.35%) Nagios
10 38 (1.17%) Grafana
11 36 (1.11%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 35 (1.08%) ZABBIX
13 34 (1.05%) Tivoli
14 32 (0.99%) Control-M
14 32 (0.99%) Oracle RMAN
15 31 (0.95%) Data Guard
15 31 (0.95%) SCCM
16 28 (0.86%) logstash
17 27 (0.83%) QRadar
17 27 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 963 (29.65%) Oracle
2 307 (9.45%) Microsoft
3 281 (8.65%) Red Hat
4 233 (7.17%) VMware
5 230 (7.08%) IBM
6 127 (3.91%) Google
7 116 (3.57%) HP
8 107 (3.29%) Splunk
9 104 (3.20%) Cisco
10 91 (2.80%) Informatica
11 83 (2.56%) webMethods
12 74 (2.28%) Sybase
13 73 (2.25%) Atlassian
14 71 (2.19%) Citrix
15 65 (2.00%) EMC
16 64 (1.97%) NetApp
17 63 (1.94%) SAP
18 59 (1.82%) Veritas
19 58 (1.79%) Sun
20 51 (1.57%) CA