Period
to 17 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 17 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 95 64 48
Rank change year-on-year -31 -16 -8
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,667 3,609 4,245
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.43% 3.70% 4.22%
As % of the Operating Systems category 11.67% 17.82% 20.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 996 2,249 2,727
UK median daily rate £469 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.32% -5.00% +14.29%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £638 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 49 73
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +9.38% -9.86%
10th Percentile £14.40 £14.00 £14.13
90th Percentile £49.50 £47.75 £48.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £32.25
% change year-on-year +14.29% +8.53% -9.15%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 14,290 20,255 20,786
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.85% 20.74% 20.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,799 12,672 13,279
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.53% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £138 £158 £168
90th Percentile £600 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £400 £395
% change year-on-year -3.13% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,137 1,291 1,268
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.00 £17.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% -1.45% +4.55%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +0.88%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 1,494 £475 -3.55% 535
UK excluding London -27 978 £425 -2.86% 393
London -40 667 £525 - 189
North of England 0 266 £450 +2.04% 72
South East -48 207 £425 -5.56% 104
Midlands +6 185 £428 +7.00% 85
West Midlands +8 147 £425 +6.25% 55
North West +13 144 £450 +3.09% 36
Yorkshire -13 100 £450 +0.56% 30
Scotland -38 97 £525 +23.53% 19
South West -49 93 £425 -9.77% 51
East of England -33 76 £385 -16.48% 35
East Midlands +8 34 £500 +25.00% 30
Wales +9 31 £400 - 21
Northern Ireland -1 29 £375 +13.64% 8
North East +20 27 £415 -7.78% 6

For the 6 months to 17 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 943 (56.57%) Linux
2 623 (37.37%) SQL
3 593 (35.57%) Oracle
4 575 (34.49%) Java
5 516 (30.95%) Agile Software Development
6 471 (28.25%) Windows
7 397 (23.82%) Python
8 305 (18.30%) DevOps
9 294 (17.64%) Finance
10 280 (16.80%) Git (software)
11 279 (16.74%) Shell Script
12 275 (16.50%) Test Automation
13 236 (14.16%) AWS
14 234 (14.04%) Docker
15 217 (13.02%) Security Cleared
16 216 (12.96%) XML
17 205 (12.30%) Microsoft
17 205 (12.30%) Azure
17 205 (12.30%) Continuous Integration
18 201 (12.06%) Jenkins
19 196 (11.76%) JavaScript
20 193 (11.58%) JIRA
21 188 (11.28%) TDD
22 183 (10.98%) PL/SQL
23 182 (10.92%) SC Cleared
24 176 (10.56%) Perl
24 176 (10.56%) Bash Shell
25 173 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
26 169 (10.14%) Oracle Database
27 166 (9.96%) Ansible

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (7.68%) Confluence
2 118 (7.08%) WebLogic
3 79 (4.74%) Apache
4 67 (4.02%) Tomcat
5 44 (2.64%) Apache Spark
6 34 (2.04%) JBoss
6 34 (2.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 33 (1.98%) WebSphere
8 29 (1.74%) SAS
9 22 (1.32%) IIS
10 20 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
10 20 (1.20%) SharePoint
11 17 (1.02%) nginx
12 15 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
13 14 (0.84%) MS Exchange
13 14 (0.84%) OpenStack
13 14 (0.84%) WebSphere Application Server
14 13 (0.78%) Oracle Service Bus
14 13 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
15 8 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 44 (2.64%) Microsoft Office
2 42 (2.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.90%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.18%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.12%) FileZilla
7 1 (0.060%) Abaqus
Business Applications
1 21 (1.26%) BusinessWorks
2 15 (0.90%) Oracle EBS
3 11 (0.66%) assyst
4 10 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.60%) Finacle
5 7 (0.42%) MFGPRO
5 7 (0.42%) Oracle Cash Management
5 7 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
6 6 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
7 4 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.24%) SAP FI-CA
7 4 (0.24%) SAP MM
7 4 (0.24%) SAP PSCD
7 4 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.18%) Aligne
8 3 (0.18%) Dynamics GP
8 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
8 3 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.18%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 236 (14.16%) AWS
2 205 (12.30%) Azure
3 102 (6.12%) GitHub
4 52 (3.12%) GCP
5 39 (2.34%) PaaS
6 38 (2.28%) Office 365
7 35 (2.10%) Amazon S3
8 34 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
9 31 (1.86%) OpenShift
10 30 (1.80%) AWS Lambda
10 30 (1.80%) Azure Active Directory
11 29 (1.74%) Serverless
12 27 (1.62%) IaaS
13 19 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
13 19 (1.14%) SaaS
14 16 (0.96%) Amazon Glacier
15 15 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (0.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 14 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
16 14 (0.84%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 76 (4.56%) TCP/IP
2 75 (4.50%) HTTP
3 63 (3.78%) Firewall
4 57 (3.42%) DNS
5 56 (3.36%) SAN
6 30 (1.80%) SSL
6 30 (1.80%) WAN
7 27 (1.62%) HTTPS
8 23 (1.38%) Internet
9 22 (1.32%) SSH
10 21 (1.26%) LAN
11 20 (1.20%) Network Security
12 19 (1.14%) FTP
13 17 (1.02%) DHCP
14 16 (0.96%) VPN
15 15 (0.90%) BGP
15 15 (0.90%) ISDN
16 14 (0.84%) OSPF
17 13 (0.78%) Kerberos
17 13 (0.78%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (10.14%) Oracle Database
2 148 (8.88%) SQL Server
3 112 (6.72%) MongoDB
4 111 (6.66%) Relational Database
5 87 (5.22%) Hadoop
6 84 (5.04%) MySQL
7 78 (4.68%) NoSQL
8 76 (4.56%) Big Data
9 66 (3.96%) Oracle Database 11g
10 55 (3.30%) Oracle Database 12c
11 53 (3.18%) RDBMS
12 52 (3.12%) PostgreSQL
13 45 (2.70%) Data Warehouse
14 30 (1.80%) Pentaho
15 28 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
15 28 (1.68%) DB2
15 28 (1.68%) Oracle Reports
16 27 (1.62%) Apache Hive
17 24 (1.44%) HBase
18 21 (1.26%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 280 (16.80%) Git (software)
2 201 (12.06%) Jenkins
3 193 (11.58%) JIRA
4 82 (4.92%) Selenium
5 81 (4.86%) JUnit
6 76 (4.56%) Cucumber
7 69 (4.14%) Maven
8 48 (2.88%) Bitbucket
9 38 (2.28%) Mockito
10 35 (2.10%) Subversion
11 31 (1.86%) Artifactory
11 31 (1.86%) Eclipse
12 30 (1.80%) GitLab
13 29 (1.74%) Gatling
14 27 (1.62%) Spock
15 25 (1.50%) Ant
16 23 (1.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 23 (1.38%) Gradle
16 23 (1.38%) TeamCity
17 22 (1.32%) Oracle Forms
General
1 294 (17.64%) Finance
2 141 (8.46%) Banking
3 139 (8.34%) Public Sector
4 46 (2.76%) Telecoms
5 37 (2.22%) Investment Banking
6 33 (1.98%) Front Office
7 22 (1.32%) Retail
8 17 (1.02%) Manufacturing
9 16 (0.96%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.84%) Legal
11 12 (0.72%) Games
11 12 (0.72%) Retail Banking
12 10 (0.60%) Marketing
13 6 (0.36%) Automotive
14 5 (0.30%) Electronics
15 4 (0.24%) Law
15 4 (0.24%) Military
16 3 (0.18%) Back Office
16 3 (0.18%) Billing
16 3 (0.18%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 510 (30.59%) Developer
2 188 (11.28%) Analyst
3 159 (9.54%) Java Developer
4 106 (6.36%) Administrator
5 100 (6.00%) Architect
6 84 (5.04%) DevOps Engineer
7 74 (4.44%) Senior Developer
8 64 (3.84%) DBA
9 60 (3.60%) Unix Engineer
10 57 (3.42%) Consultant
11 56 (3.36%) Test Analyst
12 53 (3.18%) Software Engineer
13 51 (3.06%) Support Engineer
14 50 (3.00%) Support Analyst
15 49 (2.94%) Oracle DBA
16 43 (2.58%) Oracle Developer
17 42 (2.52%) Linux Engineer
18 38 (2.28%) Platform Engineer
19 35 (2.10%) Systems Administrator
19 35 (2.10%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 216 (12.96%) XML
2 151 (9.06%) Spring
3 128 (7.68%) HTML
4 122 (7.32%) REST
5 119 (7.14%) Web Services
6 106 (6.36%) J2EE
7 99 (5.94%) JSON
7 99 (5.94%) Node.js
8 96 (5.76%) SOAP
9 94 (5.64%) CSS
10 80 (4.80%) AngularJS
11 78 (4.68%) RESTful
12 69 (4.14%) Middleware
12 69 (4.14%) Spring Boot
13 57 (3.42%) React
14 55 (3.30%) .NET
14 55 (3.30%) Kafka
15 52 (3.12%) LDAP
16 47 (2.82%) Hibernate
17 28 (1.68%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 173 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (4.20%) Linux Command Line
3 42 (2.52%) Data Centre
4 39 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
5 37 (2.22%) Management Information System
6 35 (2.10%) PKI
7 27 (1.62%) Algorithms
8 25 (1.50%) Mainframe
9 21 (1.26%) User Experience
10 20 (1.20%) Blog
10 20 (1.20%) Replication
11 19 (1.14%) Data Structures
12 18 (1.08%) Clustering
12 18 (1.08%) Public Cloud
13 16 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 15 (0.90%) Cloud Native
14 15 (0.90%) Derivative
15 14 (0.84%) Cyber Defence
16 13 (0.78%) Private Cloud
17 11 (0.66%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 943 (56.57%) Linux
2 471 (28.25%) Windows
3 137 (8.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 133 (7.98%) Solaris
5 93 (5.58%) Windows Server
6 52 (3.12%) Mac OS X
7 48 (2.88%) AIX
8 47 (2.82%) Mac OS
9 35 (2.10%) Ubuntu
10 34 (2.04%) CentOS
11 22 (1.32%) Windows Server 2008
12 20 (1.20%) FreeRTOS
12 20 (1.20%) SUSE
12 20 (1.20%) ThreadX
13 19 (1.14%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 17 (1.02%) Windows Server 2003
15 16 (0.96%) Windows 10
16 14 (0.84%) Debian
16 14 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
17 11 (0.66%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 516 (30.95%) Agile Software Development
2 305 (18.30%) DevOps
3 275 (16.50%) Test Automation
4 205 (12.30%) Continuous Integration
5 188 (11.28%) TDD
6 148 (8.88%) Problem-Solving
7 142 (8.52%) ITIL
7 142 (8.52%) Microservices
8 129 (7.74%) Configuration Management
9 110 (6.60%) Open Source
9 110 (6.60%) Software Engineering
10 106 (6.36%) Migration
11 104 (6.24%) Scrum
12 96 (5.76%) SDLC
13 89 (5.34%) Continuous Deployment
13 89 (5.34%) Data Modelling
14 86 (5.16%) Test Scripting
15 82 (4.92%) Analytics
16 80 (4.80%) ETL
16 80 (4.80%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 623 (37.37%) SQL
2 575 (34.49%) Java
3 397 (23.82%) Python
4 279 (16.74%) Shell Script
5 196 (11.76%) JavaScript
6 183 (10.98%) PL/SQL
7 176 (10.56%) Bash Shell
7 176 (10.56%) Perl
8 96 (5.76%) C
9 95 (5.70%) C++
10 93 (5.58%) Ruby
11 87 (5.22%) PowerShell
12 74 (4.44%) Java 8
13 57 (3.42%) C#
13 57 (3.42%) Scala
14 31 (1.86%) PHP
15 30 (1.80%) Go
16 29 (1.74%) ES6
17 27 (1.62%) Korn
18 26 (1.56%) XPath
Qualifications
1 217 (13.02%) Security Cleared
2 182 (10.92%) SC Cleared
3 101 (6.06%) Degree
4 64 (3.84%) ISTQB
5 56 (3.36%) ISEB
6 46 (2.76%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 37 (2.22%) Cisco Certification
8 29 (1.74%) CCNA
9 28 (1.68%) BPSS Clearance
10 26 (1.56%) DV Cleared
11 24 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
12 18 (1.08%) AWS Certification
12 18 (1.08%) CCNP
13 15 (0.90%) CISSP
14 10 (0.60%) CISM
14 10 (0.60%) Dell Certification
14 10 (0.60%) ISEB Practitioner
14 10 (0.60%) Master's Degree
15 7 (0.42%) DBS Check
15 7 (0.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (3.96%) QA
2 49 (2.94%) SLA
3 27 (1.62%) PCI DSS
4 17 (1.02%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 14 (0.84%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 11 (0.66%) Disclosure Scotland
7 11 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.30%) GDPR
10 4 (0.24%) COBIT
10 4 (0.24%) HL7
11 3 (0.18%) ECSS
11 3 (0.18%) NCSC
11 3 (0.18%) NIST
12 2 (0.12%) BS7799
12 2 (0.12%) COREP
12 2 (0.12%) FINREP
12 2 (0.12%) ITGC
12 2 (0.12%) JSP 440
System Software
1 234 (14.04%) Docker
2 110 (6.60%) Active Directory
3 73 (4.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (2.34%) Oracle RAC
5 31 (1.86%) Virtual Machines
6 25 (1.50%) HDFS
6 25 (1.50%) Hyper-V
7 18 (1.08%) vSphere
8 15 (0.90%) EMC RecoverPoint
9 10 (0.60%) VMware NSX
10 9 (0.54%) NFS
10 9 (0.54%) Samba
10 9 (0.54%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 9 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
11 8 (0.48%) VirtualBox
12 6 (0.36%) Firmware
12 6 (0.36%) OCFS2
12 6 (0.36%) Tivoli Directory Server
13 5 (0.30%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 5 (0.30%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 166 (9.96%) Ansible
2 136 (8.16%) Kubernetes
3 99 (5.94%) Puppet
4 96 (5.76%) Terraform
5 66 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (2.22%) Oracle RMAN
7 32 (1.92%) SCCM
7 32 (1.92%) Tivoli
8 31 (1.86%) Data Guard
8 31 (1.86%) NetBackup
9 29 (1.74%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 27 (1.62%) Nagios
11 23 (1.38%) Kibana
12 16 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
12 16 (0.96%) ITRS Geneos
12 16 (0.96%) logstash
13 15 (0.90%) Prometheus
14 14 (0.84%) Packer
15 13 (0.78%) Grafana
16 11 (0.66%) Control-M
Vendors
1 593 (35.57%) Oracle
2 205 (12.30%) Microsoft
3 149 (8.94%) Red Hat
4 118 (7.08%) VMware
5 77 (4.62%) IBM
6 74 (4.44%) Informatica
7 72 (4.32%) Splunk
8 64 (3.84%) webMethods
9 51 (3.06%) Google
10 48 (2.88%) SAP
11 47 (2.82%) Cisco
12 44 (2.64%) EMC
13 36 (2.16%) HP
14 35 (2.10%) TIBCO
15 31 (1.86%) BEA
15 31 (1.86%) Citrix
15 31 (1.86%) Dell
16 27 (1.62%) Cloudera
17 25 (1.50%) Atlassian
17 25 (1.50%) Tableau