Period
to 26 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 26 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 41 32 31
Rank change year-on-year -9 -1 0
Contract jobs citing Unix 4850 5641 5931
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.90% 5.28% 5.24%
As % of the Operating Systems category 23.55% 23.87% 24.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 2987 3519 3522
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.24% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £313 £283 £300
90th Percentile £625 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 46 114
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £28.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.57% -24.32% +14.73%
10th Percentile £13.74 £13.63 £16.33
90th Percentile £44.08 £58.13 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.50 £32.66 £37.50
% change year-on-year -9.66% -12.92% +19.05%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20592 23632 24529
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.79% 22.14% 21.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 12933 14879 14444
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £181 £206 £185
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £350
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1210 1278 1919
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +0.92% +3.81%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.28 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +3.13% - +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 4345 £475 +11.76% 248
UK excluding London -9 2431 £425 +6.25% 154
London +3 2353 £525 +10.53% 113
South East -1 796 £435 +5.33% 51
North of England -14 523 £420 +13.51% 40
Midlands -13 284 £385 -9.41% 21
Scotland -6 263 £400 - 15
North West -1 260 £425 +6.25% 25
East of England +1 213 £458 +30.53% 17
Northern Ireland +20 182 £420 +19.91% 2
South West -20 161 £400 +1.97% 6
Yorkshire -10 160 £450 +5.88% 12
West Midlands -16 155 £450 +3.45% 16
East Midlands -16 118 £363 -14.71% 5
North East -3 117 £375 +20.97% 3
Wales -26 21 £413 +10.07% 2

For the 6 months to 26 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 3070 (63.30%) Linux
2 1674 (34.52%) Java
3 1594 (32.87%) SQL
4 1323 (27.28%) Oracle
5 1263 (26.04%) Finance
6 1230 (25.36%) Windows
7 1121 (23.11%) Agile Software Development
8 1044 (21.53%) Python
9 800 (16.49%) Perl
10 795 (16.39%) Banking
11 773 (15.94%) DevOps
12 739 (15.24%) Shell Script
13 658 (13.57%) Git (software)
14 597 (12.31%) Relational Database
15 574 (11.84%) Solaris
16 559 (11.53%) Jenkins
16 559 (11.53%) Analytical Skills
17 545 (11.24%) Red Hat
18 521 (10.74%) JavaScript
19 503 (10.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
20 501 (10.33%) Security Cleared
21 487 (10.04%) Puppet
22 469 (9.67%) Amazon AWS
23 450 (9.28%) Ansible
24 427 (8.80%) Firewall
25 424 (8.74%) XML
26 407 (8.39%) Test Automation
27 406 (8.37%) Continuous Integration
28 393 (8.10%) Microsoft
29 386 (7.96%) AIX

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 334 (6.89%) Apache
2 282 (5.81%) Tomcat
3 278 (5.73%) JBoss
4 269 (5.55%) WebLogic
5 188 (3.88%) WebSphere
6 186 (3.84%) Apache Spark
7 141 (2.91%) Confluence
8 122 (2.52%) IIS
9 87 (1.79%) OpenStack
10 83 (1.71%) SAS
11 78 (1.61%) MS Exchange
12 70 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
13 58 (1.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 57 (1.18%) nginx
14 57 (1.18%) Oracle Application Server
15 54 (1.11%) iPlanet
16 52 (1.07%) WildFly
17 51 (1.05%) SharePoint
18 50 (1.03%) MQSeries
18 50 (1.03%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 94 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (1.86%) Microsoft Office
3 56 (1.15%) MS Visio
4 35 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 31 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
6 18 (0.37%) HipChat
7 9 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.16%) SPSS
9 6 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 5 (0.10%) Pipeline Pilot
11 4 (0.082%) Stata
12 3 (0.062%) InVision
13 2 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
14 1 (0.021%) Doxygen
14 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 35 (0.72%) SAP ERP
2 27 (0.56%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 24 (0.49%) Oracle Applications
4 22 (0.45%) ION MarketView
5 20 (0.41%) RMDS
6 18 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
7 16 (0.33%) Magento
7 16 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
8 15 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
8 15 (0.31%) Temenos T24
9 14 (0.29%) Global One
9 14 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 14 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
9 14 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
10 12 (0.25%) Oracle Utilities
11 10 (0.21%) Siebel CRM
12 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
12 7 (0.14%) Unica
13 6 (0.12%) Sonata
14 5 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 469 (9.67%) Amazon AWS
2 192 (3.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 92 (1.90%) PaaS
4 89 (1.84%) GitHub
5 80 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
6 65 (1.34%) OpenShift
7 53 (1.09%) IaaS
8 48 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
9 42 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 34 (0.70%) npm
11 33 (0.68%) Amazon S3
12 30 (0.62%) Office 365
13 29 (0.60%) Google Cloud Platform
14 27 (0.56%) SaaS
15 25 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
16 17 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
17 15 (0.31%) Route 53
18 12 (0.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 11 (0.23%) IBM Cloud
20 10 (0.21%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 427 (8.80%) Firewall
2 385 (7.94%) TCP/IP
3 253 (5.22%) SAN
4 231 (4.76%) HTTP
5 230 (4.74%) DNS
6 209 (4.31%) LDAP
7 186 (3.84%) SSL
8 148 (3.05%) Internet
9 125 (2.58%) WAN
10 122 (2.52%) NAS
11 117 (2.41%) LAN
12 98 (2.02%) Kerberos
13 93 (1.92%) SSH
14 89 (1.84%) VPN
15 85 (1.75%) Network Security
16 61 (1.26%) DHCP
17 48 (0.99%) FTP
18 43 (0.89%) Fibre Channel
19 41 (0.85%) SNMP
20 40 (0.82%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 597 (12.31%) Relational Database
2 351 (7.24%) SQL Server
3 315 (6.49%) Oracle Database
4 291 (6.00%) Hadoop
5 265 (5.46%) Big Data
5 265 (5.46%) MySQL
6 232 (4.78%) RDBMS
7 215 (4.43%) NoSQL
8 195 (4.02%) MongoDB
9 176 (3.63%) DB2
10 155 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
11 154 (3.18%) Apache Hive
12 121 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
13 101 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
14 93 (1.92%) Oracle Database 11g
15 88 (1.81%) HBase
16 70 (1.44%) Oracle Database 12c
17 68 (1.40%) KDB
18 63 (1.30%) Impala
19 46 (0.95%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 658 (13.57%) Git (software)
2 559 (11.53%) Jenkins
3 323 (6.66%) JIRA
4 315 (6.49%) Maven
5 248 (5.11%) Subversion
6 201 (4.14%) JUnit
7 125 (2.58%) Selenium
8 101 (2.08%) Sonatype Nexus
9 95 (1.96%) Cucumber
10 92 (1.90%) Mockito
11 84 (1.73%) Artifactory
12 83 (1.71%) TeamCity
13 71 (1.46%) Eclipse
14 68 (1.40%) Ant
14 68 (1.40%) Bitbucket
15 67 (1.38%) Gradle
16 65 (1.34%) IntelliJ
17 60 (1.24%) Vagrant
18 58 (1.20%) Hudson
19 53 (1.09%) SoapUI
General
1 1263 (26.04%) Finance
2 795 (16.39%) Banking
3 335 (6.91%) Front Office
4 297 (6.12%) Investment Banking
5 152 (3.13%) Telecoms
6 149 (3.07%) Retail
7 86 (1.77%) Marketing
8 75 (1.55%) Financial Institution
8 75 (1.55%) Games
9 67 (1.38%) Manufacturing
10 48 (0.99%) Legal
11 46 (0.95%) Electronics
12 45 (0.93%) Back Office
13 31 (0.64%) Retail Banking
14 26 (0.54%) Law
15 17 (0.35%) Billing
15 17 (0.35%) Publishing
16 13 (0.27%) Advertising
16 13 (0.27%) French Language
17 12 (0.25%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1505 (31.03%) Developer
2 555 (11.44%) Java Developer
3 468 (9.65%) Analyst
4 409 (8.43%) Administrator
5 326 (6.72%) DevOps Engineer
6 280 (5.77%) Consultant
7 255 (5.26%) Unix Engineer
8 254 (5.24%) Senior Developer
9 245 (5.05%) Architect
10 222 (4.58%) Linux Engineer
11 201 (4.14%) Systems Administrator
12 197 (4.06%) C++ Developer
13 151 (3.11%) Support Analyst
14 146 (3.01%) Unix Administrator
15 133 (2.74%) Senior Java Developer
16 130 (2.68%) DBA
17 129 (2.66%) Linux Administrator
18 124 (2.56%) Applications Support
19 120 (2.47%) AWS Engineer
20 108 (2.23%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 424 (8.74%) XML
2 377 (7.77%) Web Services
3 371 (7.65%) HTML
4 357 (7.36%) Spring
5 352 (7.26%) Middleware
6 293 (6.04%) REST
7 287 (5.92%) J2EE
8 279 (5.75%) CSS
9 257 (5.30%) JSON
10 242 (4.99%) RESTful
11 218 (4.49%) SOAP
12 202 (4.16%) .NET
13 198 (4.08%) FIX Protocol
14 177 (3.65%) Node.js
15 167 (3.44%) Hibernate
16 141 (2.91%) AngularJS
17 137 (2.82%) HTML5
18 134 (2.76%) Kafka
19 131 (2.70%) JMS
20 110 (2.27%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 559 (11.53%) Analytical Skills
2 246 (5.07%) Data Centre
3 197 (4.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 179 (3.69%) Computer Science
5 175 (3.61%) Linux Command Line
6 166 (3.42%) Equities
7 165 (3.40%) Fixed Income
8 141 (2.91%) Management Information System
9 133 (2.74%) Clustering
10 130 (2.68%) Derivative
11 106 (2.19%) Mainframe
12 92 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
13 81 (1.67%) PKI
14 77 (1.59%) Replication
15 73 (1.51%) Virtual Team
16 72 (1.48%) Data Structures
17 67 (1.38%) Client/Server
17 67 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
18 66 (1.36%) User Experience
19 62 (1.28%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 3070 (63.30%) Linux
2 1230 (25.36%) Windows
3 574 (11.84%) Solaris
4 503 (10.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 386 (7.96%) AIX
6 228 (4.70%) Windows Server
7 184 (3.79%) Mac OS X
8 129 (2.66%) HPUX
9 101 (2.08%) CentOS
10 95 (1.96%) SUSE
11 80 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
12 75 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
13 72 (1.48%) Ubuntu
14 67 (1.38%) Mac OS
15 46 (0.95%) Windows Server 2003
16 42 (0.87%) Debian
17 40 (0.82%) Windows XP
18 39 (0.80%) Android
18 39 (0.80%) VMS
18 39 (0.80%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1121 (23.11%) Agile Software Development
2 773 (15.94%) DevOps
3 407 (8.39%) Test Automation
4 406 (8.37%) Continuous Integration
5 379 (7.81%) Configuration Management
6 356 (7.34%) TDD
7 349 (7.20%) ITIL
8 337 (6.95%) OO
9 335 (6.91%) Scrum
10 325 (6.70%) Migration
11 292 (6.02%) Open Source
12 264 (5.44%) SDLC
13 256 (5.28%) Mentoring
14 245 (5.05%) High Availability
15 238 (4.91%) Multithreading
16 234 (4.82%) Analytics
17 229 (4.72%) Software Engineering
18 210 (4.33%) Microservices
19 206 (4.25%) Performance Tuning
20 205 (4.23%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 1674 (34.52%) Java
2 1594 (32.87%) SQL
3 1044 (21.53%) Python
4 800 (16.49%) Perl
5 739 (15.24%) Shell Script
6 521 (10.74%) JavaScript
7 369 (7.61%) Bash Shell
8 352 (7.26%) C++
9 239 (4.93%) PL/SQL
9 239 (4.93%) Ruby
10 216 (4.45%) Scala
11 203 (4.19%) PowerShell
12 195 (4.02%) C#
13 178 (3.67%) Korn
14 172 (3.55%) C
15 104 (2.14%) PHP
16 76 (1.57%) Go
17 75 (1.55%) R
18 60 (1.24%) T-SQL
19 49 (1.01%) VB
Qualifications
1 501 (10.33%) Security Cleared
2 345 (7.11%) SC Cleared
3 324 (6.68%) Degree
4 105 (2.16%) CISSP
5 87 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
6 63 (1.30%) DV Cleared
7 51 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
8 43 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
9 42 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
10 35 (0.72%) CISM
10 35 (0.72%) SANS
11 33 (0.68%) ISEB
12 30 (0.62%) CCNA
12 30 (0.62%) RHCE
13 27 (0.56%) MCSE
14 26 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
15 24 (0.49%) ISTQB
16 22 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 19 (0.39%) CCNP
17 19 (0.39%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (3.42%) QA
2 80 (1.65%) MiFID
3 73 (1.51%) SLA
4 49 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 43 (0.89%) PCI DSS
6 29 (0.60%) Data Quality
7 23 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 17 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
9 13 (0.27%) JSP 440
10 12 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
11 11 (0.23%) EMIR
12 10 (0.21%) GCP
13 9 (0.19%) COBIT
14 7 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 7 (0.14%) RMADS
15 6 (0.12%) FATCA
15 6 (0.12%) GDPR
16 5 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
16 5 (0.10%) ISO 9001
16 5 (0.10%) PMO
System Software
1 367 (7.57%) Docker
2 251 (5.18%) Active Directory
3 200 (4.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 84 (1.73%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 78 (1.61%) HDFS
5 78 (1.61%) NFS
6 72 (1.48%) VMware ESXi
7 71 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
8 70 (1.44%) Hyper-V
9 58 (1.20%) Oracle RAC
10 52 (1.07%) Apache Flume
11 51 (1.05%) Samba
12 50 (1.03%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 44 (0.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 39 (0.80%) Xen
15 37 (0.76%) KVM
16 36 (0.74%) vSphere
17 30 (0.62%) Veritas File System
18 26 (0.54%) Time Sharing Option
19 22 (0.45%) RACF
Systems Management
1 487 (10.04%) Puppet
2 450 (9.28%) Ansible
3 279 (5.75%) Opscode Chef
4 126 (2.60%) Kubernetes
5 100 (2.06%) NetBackup
6 96 (1.98%) logstash
7 87 (1.79%) Terraform
8 83 (1.71%) Kibana
9 80 (1.65%) Nagios
10 60 (1.24%) Control-M
11 58 (1.20%) ITRS Geneos
12 56 (1.15%) Grafana
13 52 (1.07%) Hadoop YARN
13 52 (1.07%) Tivoli
14 36 (0.74%) BladeLogic
14 36 (0.74%) ZABBIX
15 33 (0.68%) Mesos
15 33 (0.68%) SCCM
15 33 (0.68%) Tivoli Storage Manager
16 31 (0.64%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 1323 (27.28%) Oracle
2 545 (11.24%) Red Hat
3 393 (8.10%) Microsoft
4 345 (7.11%) IBM
5 343 (7.07%) VMware
6 284 (5.86%) Sybase
7 221 (4.56%) HP
8 219 (4.52%) Splunk
9 192 (3.96%) Veritas
10 186 (3.84%) Cisco
11 173 (3.57%) Sun
12 156 (3.22%) SAP
13 114 (2.35%) F5
14 107 (2.21%) Citrix
15 88 (1.81%) Cloudera
16 86 (1.77%) NetApp
17 82 (1.69%) EMC
18 81 (1.67%) AppDynamics
19 75 (1.55%) Google
20 72 (1.48%) CyberArk