Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 45 36
Rank change year-on-year -16 -9 -3
Contract jobs citing Unix 4,061 4,641 5,081
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.88% 4.50% 4.96%
As % of the Operating Systems category 18.58% 21.67% 23.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,570 2,905 3,152
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.47% +1.18%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £290
90th Percentile £650 £635 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £394
% change year-on-year - +7.94% -1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 73 77
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -16.67% -0.69%
10th Percentile £15.30 £14.10 £17.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £55.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -16.67% -2.27%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,851 21,412 21,709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.87% 20.75% 21.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,552 13,674 13,680
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £160 £169 £193
90th Percentile £607 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +3.47% +2.74% +0.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,455 1,284 1,291
UK median hourly rate £17.43 £17.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.40% +7.69% -1.52%
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.61
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £44.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.81 £15.31
% change year-on-year -1.81% +9.78% -4.33%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 3,665 £490 +0.51% 600
UK excluding London -11 2,133 £425 - 398
London -20 1,868 £530 +0.95% 256
South East -16 641 £425 -2.86% 105
North of England -21 401 £425 - 90
Midlands +4 312 £395 +5.33% 58
Scotland +2 250 £400 -5.88% 30
West Midlands +16 240 £400 -5.88% 32
East of England +26 233 £450 -5.26% 52
South West +6 207 £450 +7.78% 39
North West -11 195 £430 +1.18% 47
Yorkshire -12 168 £405 -10.00% 39
East Midlands -15 70 £388 +13.97% 26
Wales -2 57 £415 +3.62% 21
North East -52 40 £475 +18.75% 4
Northern Ireland -7 33 £335 -19.86% 4
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2,229 (54.89%) Linux
2 1,430 (35.21%) SQL
3 1,369 (33.71%) Java
4 1,313 (32.33%) Agile Software Development
5 1,220 (30.04%) Windows
6 1,180 (29.06%) Oracle
7 947 (23.32%) Python
8 799 (19.67%) Finance
9 792 (19.50%) Git (software)
10 736 (18.12%) DevOps
11 690 (16.99%) Shell Script
12 679 (16.72%) Jenkins
13 631 (15.54%) Amazon AWS
14 604 (14.87%) Test Automation
15 576 (14.18%) Ansible
16 546 (13.44%) Banking
17 517 (12.73%) Relational Database
18 511 (12.58%) Continuous Integration
19 485 (11.94%) JIRA
20 455 (11.20%) Perl
21 454 (11.18%) SQL Server
22 453 (11.15%) Docker
23 449 (11.06%) Puppet
24 441 (10.86%) JavaScript
25 422 (10.39%) XML
26 403 (9.92%) Spring
27 400 (9.85%) Scrum
28 395 (9.73%) Security Cleared
29 378 (9.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
30 375 (9.23%) OO

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 359 (8.84%) Apache
2 306 (7.54%) Confluence
3 269 (6.62%) WebLogic
4 180 (4.43%) JBoss
5 161 (3.96%) Tomcat
6 138 (3.40%) WebSphere
7 125 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
8 122 (3.00%) Apache Spark
9 87 (2.14%) IIS
10 71 (1.75%) WildFly
11 66 (1.63%) SAS
12 61 (1.50%) nginx
13 45 (1.11%) SharePoint
14 42 (1.03%) MS Exchange
14 42 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 41 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
16 34 (0.84%) Mule
17 28 (0.69%) CMS
18 27 (0.66%) CICS
19 26 (0.64%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 118 (2.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 103 (2.54%) Microsoft Office
3 81 (1.99%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 27 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.098%) HipChat
8 3 (0.074%) CATIA
9 2 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.049%) GIMP
9 2 (0.049%) Siemens NX
10 1 (0.025%) Mozilla Thunderbird
10 1 (0.025%) SPSS
10 1 (0.025%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 35 (0.86%) Remedy ITSM
2 27 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
3 20 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 16 (0.39%) ION MarketView
5 14 (0.34%) HiPortfolio
5 14 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
6 13 (0.32%) Actimize
6 13 (0.32%) SAP FI-CA
6 13 (0.32%) SAP PSCD
7 11 (0.27%) Magento
7 11 (0.27%) Oracle Retail
8 9 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
8 9 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
8 9 (0.22%) Sentinel
8 9 (0.22%) Temenos T24
9 6 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
9 6 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
10 5 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
10 5 (0.12%) Maximo
10 5 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 631 (15.54%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (5.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 161 (3.96%) GitHub
4 125 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
5 116 (2.86%) Amazon S3
6 100 (2.46%) PaaS
7 91 (2.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 85 (2.09%) IaaS
9 76 (1.87%) Google Cloud Platform
10 72 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
11 60 (1.48%) SaaS
12 52 (1.28%) OpenShift
13 45 (1.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 37 (0.91%) Office 365
15 36 (0.89%) Datadog
16 32 (0.79%) Amazon Glacier
16 32 (0.79%) Serverless
17 31 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
17 31 (0.76%) Google Analytics
18 27 (0.66%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 291 (7.17%) Firewall
2 278 (6.85%) TCP/IP
3 240 (5.91%) HTTP
4 174 (4.28%) DNS
5 153 (3.77%) SSL
6 147 (3.62%) SAN
7 104 (2.56%) Internet
8 81 (1.99%) VPN
9 79 (1.95%) LAN
10 74 (1.82%) WAN
11 61 (1.50%) Kerberos
12 58 (1.43%) Network Security
13 46 (1.13%) NAS
14 43 (1.06%) SSH
15 41 (1.01%) DHCP
16 40 (0.98%) SNMP
17 37 (0.91%) BIG-IP
18 34 (0.84%) BGP
19 33 (0.81%) OSPF
20 31 (0.76%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 517 (12.73%) Relational Database
2 454 (11.18%) SQL Server
3 279 (6.87%) Big Data
4 257 (6.33%) MySQL
5 251 (6.18%) Hadoop
6 249 (6.13%) Oracle Database
7 213 (5.25%) RDBMS
8 201 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
9 197 (4.85%) NoSQL
10 192 (4.73%) MongoDB
11 147 (3.62%) Apache Hive
12 132 (3.25%) Data Warehouse
13 126 (3.10%) DB2
14 101 (2.49%) HBase
15 76 (1.87%) Oracle Database 12c
16 75 (1.85%) Oracle Database 11g
17 62 (1.53%) Impala
18 57 (1.40%) Oracle Reports
19 56 (1.38%) Sqoop
20 55 (1.35%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 792 (19.50%) Git (software)
2 679 (16.72%) Jenkins
3 485 (11.94%) JIRA
4 304 (7.49%) Maven
5 234 (5.76%) Cucumber
6 230 (5.66%) Selenium
7 228 (5.61%) JUnit
8 224 (5.52%) Subversion
9 125 (3.08%) Mockito
10 116 (2.86%) Bitbucket
11 102 (2.51%) Artifactory
12 100 (2.46%) Sonatype Nexus
13 94 (2.31%) Ant
14 90 (2.22%) Gradle
15 87 (2.14%) TeamCity
16 79 (1.95%) SonarQube
17 77 (1.90%) Checkstyle
17 77 (1.90%) Eclipse
18 74 (1.82%) SoapUI
19 72 (1.77%) Toad
General
1 799 (19.67%) Finance
2 546 (13.44%) Banking
3 206 (5.07%) Investment Banking
4 189 (4.65%) Front Office
5 141 (3.47%) Retail
6 80 (1.97%) Telecoms
7 53 (1.31%) Back Office
8 52 (1.28%) Financial Institution
9 41 (1.01%) Manufacturing
10 32 (0.79%) Law
10 32 (0.79%) Marketing
11 26 (0.64%) Advertising
11 26 (0.64%) Retail Banking
12 24 (0.59%) Publishing
13 23 (0.57%) Games
14 18 (0.44%) Aerospace
14 18 (0.44%) Automotive
15 15 (0.37%) Electronics
16 12 (0.30%) Legal
17 8 (0.20%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 1,206 (29.70%) Developer
2 496 (12.21%) Java Developer
3 454 (11.18%) Analyst
4 310 (7.63%) DevOps Engineer
5 290 (7.14%) Architect
6 259 (6.38%) Administrator
7 152 (3.74%) Systems Administrator
8 140 (3.45%) Test Analyst
9 138 (3.40%) Consultant
10 134 (3.30%) Unix Engineer
11 131 (3.23%) Support Analyst
12 120 (2.95%) Linux Engineer
13 116 (2.86%) DBA
14 99 (2.44%) AWS Engineer
15 97 (2.39%) Senior Developer
16 89 (2.19%) Applications Support
17 85 (2.09%) Unix Administrator
18 83 (2.04%) Cloud Engineer
19 82 (2.02%) Support Engineer
20 75 (1.85%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 422 (10.39%) XML
2 403 (9.92%) Spring
3 366 (9.01%) REST
4 358 (8.82%) HTML
5 332 (8.18%) Middleware
6 285 (7.02%) Web Services
7 275 (6.77%) J2EE
8 235 (5.79%) CSS
9 218 (5.37%) Hibernate
10 217 (5.34%) JSON
11 213 (5.25%) RESTful
12 207 (5.10%) SOAP
13 157 (3.87%) AngularJS
14 149 (3.67%) Kafka
15 148 (3.64%) Node.js
16 136 (3.35%) HTML5
17 131 (3.23%) JMS
18 129 (3.18%) Java EE
19 125 (3.08%) React
20 112 (2.76%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 315 (7.76%) Analytical Skills
2 257 (6.33%) Linux Command Line
3 193 (4.75%) Data Centre
4 119 (2.93%) Mainframe
5 108 (2.66%) Management Information System
6 95 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
7 90 (2.22%) Fixed Income
8 82 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 78 (1.92%) Derivative
10 72 (1.77%) Virtual Team
11 67 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
12 60 (1.48%) Replication
13 59 (1.45%) Wiki
14 56 (1.38%) Public Cloud
15 52 (1.28%) Clustering
15 52 (1.28%) Data Structures
16 51 (1.26%) Algorithms
17 50 (1.23%) Equities
18 46 (1.13%) User Experience
19 40 (0.98%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2,229 (54.89%) Linux
2 1,220 (30.04%) Windows
3 378 (9.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 330 (8.13%) Solaris
5 240 (5.91%) Windows Server
6 152 (3.74%) AIX
7 120 (2.95%) CentOS
8 81 (1.99%) Mac OS X
9 80 (1.97%) Ubuntu
10 69 (1.70%) VMS
11 61 (1.50%) Windows Server 2012
12 55 (1.35%) Apple iOS
13 48 (1.18%) Windows Server 2008
14 47 (1.16%) zOS
15 42 (1.03%) Windows 7
16 33 (0.81%) Windows XP
17 31 (0.76%) HPUX
18 28 (0.69%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
19 26 (0.64%) Mac OS
20 24 (0.59%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,313 (32.33%) Agile Software Development
2 736 (18.12%) DevOps
3 604 (14.87%) Test Automation
4 511 (12.58%) Continuous Integration
5 400 (9.85%) Scrum
6 375 (9.23%) OO
7 374 (9.21%) Problem-Solving
8 364 (8.96%) Configuration Management
9 361 (8.89%) TDD
10 311 (7.66%) ITIL
11 305 (7.51%) Migration
12 292 (7.19%) Microservices
13 261 (6.43%) BDD
14 251 (6.18%) Open Source
15 250 (6.16%) ETL
16 213 (5.25%) Performance Tuning
17 202 (4.97%) SDLC
18 196 (4.83%) Continuous Delivery
19 193 (4.75%) Test Scripting
20 187 (4.60%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,430 (35.21%) SQL
2 1,369 (33.71%) Java
3 947 (23.32%) Python
4 690 (16.99%) Shell Script
5 455 (11.20%) Perl
6 441 (10.86%) JavaScript
7 318 (7.83%) PL/SQL
8 268 (6.60%) Bash Shell
9 198 (4.88%) Java 8
10 186 (4.58%) C++
11 176 (4.33%) Ruby
12 169 (4.16%) PowerShell
13 159 (3.92%) C
14 151 (3.72%) C#
15 137 (3.37%) Scala
16 128 (3.15%) Korn
17 98 (2.41%) PHP
18 82 (2.02%) Groovy
19 66 (1.63%) JPQL
20 48 (1.18%) R
Qualifications
1 395 (9.73%) Security Cleared
2 297 (7.31%) SC Cleared
3 205 (5.05%) Degree
4 135 (3.32%) ISEB
5 129 (3.18%) ISTQB
6 102 (2.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 72 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
8 67 (1.65%) Cisco Certification
9 49 (1.21%) DV Cleared
10 46 (1.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 42 (1.03%) CCNA
12 39 (0.96%) MCSE
13 34 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
14 33 (0.81%) CISSP
15 28 (0.69%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.49%) CCNP
16 20 (0.49%) MCP
16 20 (0.49%) MCSA
17 17 (0.42%) CCIE
18 15 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (4.31%) QA
2 63 (1.55%) SLA
3 40 (0.98%) Data Quality
4 26 (0.64%) PCI DSS
5 18 (0.44%) GDPR
6 14 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 14 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.17%) MiFID
8 7 (0.17%) PMO
9 4 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 3 (0.074%) COBIT
10 3 (0.074%) SEPA
11 2 (0.049%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.049%) CDISC
11 2 (0.049%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 1 (0.025%) GCP
12 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 453 (11.15%) Docker
2 228 (5.61%) Active Directory
3 193 (4.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 106 (2.61%) HDFS
5 81 (1.99%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 67 (1.65%) Oracle RAC
7 54 (1.33%) vSphere
8 44 (1.08%) NFS
8 44 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
9 42 (1.03%) VMware ESXi
10 33 (0.81%) Hyper-V
11 32 (0.79%) Virtual Servers
12 23 (0.57%) Time Sharing Option
13 21 (0.52%) XenApp
14 20 (0.49%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 16 (0.39%) Apache Flume
15 16 (0.39%) Firmware
15 16 (0.39%) KVM
16 15 (0.37%) Samba
17 14 (0.34%) Xen
Systems Management
1 576 (14.18%) Ansible
2 449 (11.06%) Puppet
3 314 (7.73%) Opscode Chef
4 231 (5.69%) Kubernetes
5 222 (5.47%) Terraform
6 115 (2.83%) Hadoop YARN
7 64 (1.58%) Kibana
8 58 (1.43%) NetBackup
9 56 (1.38%) Grafana
10 48 (1.18%) Nagios
11 46 (1.13%) ITRS Geneos
12 44 (1.08%) Tivoli
13 39 (0.96%) Data Guard
13 39 (0.96%) logstash
13 39 (0.96%) ZABBIX
14 38 (0.94%) BladeLogic
14 38 (0.94%) Control-M
14 38 (0.94%) Rancher
14 38 (0.94%) SCCM
15 36 (0.89%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 1,180 (29.06%) Oracle
2 366 (9.01%) Red Hat
3 331 (8.15%) Microsoft
4 308 (7.58%) VMware
5 272 (6.70%) IBM
6 167 (4.11%) Splunk
7 163 (4.01%) webMethods
8 145 (3.57%) Cisco
9 143 (3.52%) HP
10 129 (3.18%) Google
11 113 (2.78%) Sybase
12 103 (2.54%) Citrix
13 94 (2.31%) Cloudera
14 92 (2.27%) SAP
15 86 (2.12%) NetApp
16 79 (1.95%) Informatica
17 75 (1.85%) F5
18 68 (1.67%) CA
18 68 (1.67%) Remedy
19 59 (1.45%) Sun