Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 77 61
Rank change year-on-year +7 -16 -18
Contract jobs citing Unix 972 2,558 4,000
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.27% 2.93% 3.92%
As % of the Operating Systems category 17.63% 14.15% 18.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 643 1,576 2,550
Median daily rate £475 £479 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.78% -1.79% +5.98%
10th Percentile £321 £325 £315
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -4.22% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 35 53
Median hourly rate £37.50 £36.98 £29.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.42% +25.34% -1.67%
10th Percentile £30.53 £14.00 £13.60
90th Percentile £66.00 £55.50 £51.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.49 £29.50
% change year-on-year -4.08% +23.69% -

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 5,514 18,075 21,108
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.55% 20.69% 20.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,335 11,261 13,058
Median daily rate £435 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% - -
10th Percentile £175 £150 £170
90th Percentile £625 £619 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £390
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 330 1,231 1,531
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.33
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +0.98% -0.97%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £47.83 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £19.00 £16.74 £16.00
% change year-on-year +13.53% +4.59% -3.03%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 858 £488 +2.09% 208
UK excluding London +11 480 £431 -4.22% 139
London +11 438 £550 +4.76% 83
North of England +31 149 £500 +9.23% 32
South East +20 97 £428 -5.00% 25
Work from Home +4 96 £450 - 30
North West +38 92 £431 -4.22% 19
Midlands +29 86 £420 +5.00% 29
West Midlands +23 62 £428 +10.45% 19
East of England +1 52 £425 - 12
Yorkshire +13 47 £513 +9.63% 8
Scotland 0 43 £425 -15.42% 10
East Midlands +43 23 £373 -25.40% 10
Northern Ireland +5 23 £431 -19.44% 1
South West -9 23 £421 -11.32% 22
North East +31 10 £500 +17.65% 5
Wales +17 7 £475 +28.38% 8

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 609 (62.65%) Linux
2 393 (40.43%) Java
3 358 (36.83%) SQL
4 339 (34.88%) Oracle
5 287 (29.53%) Agile Software Development
6 263 (27.06%) Windows
7 218 (22.43%) Test Automation
8 214 (22.02%) Python
9 206 (21.19%) Security Cleared
10 193 (19.86%) AWS
11 179 (18.42%) DevOps
12 175 (18.00%) Docker
13 173 (17.80%) SC Cleared
14 164 (16.87%) Git (software)
14 164 (16.87%) TDD
15 162 (16.67%) Finance
16 157 (16.15%) Shell Script
17 153 (15.74%) Kubernetes
18 149 (15.33%) Microservices
19 147 (15.12%) Azure
20 119 (12.24%) Jenkins
20 119 (12.24%) Public Sector
21 118 (12.14%) Banking
22 113 (11.63%) Configuration Management
22 113 (11.63%) Perl
22 113 (11.63%) BDD
23 112 (11.52%) JIRA
24 111 (11.42%) Problem-Solving
25 109 (11.21%) Relational Database
26 106 (10.91%) MySQL

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (8.44%) WebLogic
2 72 (7.41%) Confluence
3 44 (4.53%) Mule
4 36 (3.70%) Tomcat
5 32 (3.29%) JBoss
6 29 (2.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 27 (2.78%) Apache
8 22 (2.26%) WebSphere
9 20 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
10 16 (1.65%) IIS
11 12 (1.23%) SharePoint
12 11 (1.13%) Apache Spark
12 11 (1.13%) Oracle Service Bus
13 10 (1.03%) Red Hat Fuse
14 9 (0.93%) SAS
15 7 (0.72%) NetWeaver
15 7 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
15 7 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
16 5 (0.51%) CMS
16 5 (0.51%) Tuxedo
Applications
1 30 (3.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (2.16%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.51%) RoboHelp
6 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.10%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 11 (1.13%) Oracle EBS
2 10 (1.03%) SAP FI-CA
3 8 (0.82%) Oracle Payroll
4 4 (0.41%) Oracle iSupplier
5 3 (0.31%) assyst
5 3 (0.31%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.31%) Oracle E-Business Tax
5 3 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.31%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.21%) OpenText Process Suite
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.21%) ResourceLink
6 2 (0.21%) StreamServe
7 1 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.10%) Cognos Planning
7 1 (0.10%) Front Arena
7 1 (0.10%) Magento
7 1 (0.10%) Oracle HRMS
7 1 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.10%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 193 (19.86%) AWS
2 147 (15.12%) Azure
3 34 (3.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 29 (2.98%) GCP
5 28 (2.88%) PaaS
6 27 (2.78%) GitHub
7 24 (2.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 23 (2.37%) AWS CloudFormation
8 23 (2.37%) Office 365
9 22 (2.26%) OpenShift
10 21 (2.16%) IaaS
11 20 (2.06%) Datadog
11 20 (2.06%) SaaS
12 18 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
12 18 (1.85%) Amazon S3
12 18 (1.85%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (1.85%) Serverless
13 16 (1.65%) AWS CloudTrail
13 16 (1.65%) Coveralls
14 12 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 79 (8.13%) DNS
2 73 (7.51%) Firewall
3 51 (5.25%) TCP/IP
4 41 (4.22%) DHCP
5 37 (3.81%) HTTP
6 31 (3.19%) WAN
7 28 (2.88%) SNMP
8 25 (2.57%) Internet
8 25 (2.57%) LAN
8 25 (2.57%) VPN
9 24 (2.47%) Network Security
10 23 (2.37%) Kerberos
10 23 (2.37%) SAN
11 16 (1.65%) DMZ
12 14 (1.44%) SSH
13 13 (1.34%) OSPF
14 12 (1.23%) iSCSI
14 12 (1.23%) Skype
15 11 (1.13%) Intrusion Detection
15 11 (1.13%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (11.21%) Relational Database
2 106 (10.91%) MySQL
3 102 (10.49%) MongoDB
3 102 (10.49%) SQL Server
4 82 (8.44%) Oracle Database
5 54 (5.56%) Big Data
6 47 (4.84%) NoSQL
7 43 (4.42%) PostgreSQL
8 40 (4.12%) RDBMS
9 39 (4.01%) Pentaho
10 28 (2.88%) Hadoop
11 27 (2.78%) Oracle Database 11g
12 25 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
13 21 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
14 20 (2.06%) DB2
15 15 (1.54%) Oracle Database 12c
16 13 (1.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 12 (1.23%) Apache Hive
17 12 (1.23%) Oracle Reports
17 12 (1.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 164 (16.87%) Git (software)
2 119 (12.24%) Jenkins
3 112 (11.52%) JIRA
4 75 (7.72%) Subversion
5 55 (5.66%) Maven
5 55 (5.66%) Mockito
6 51 (5.25%) Cucumber
7 46 (4.73%) Toad
8 43 (4.42%) Selenium
9 37 (3.81%) JMeter
9 37 (3.81%) JUnit
10 30 (3.09%) GitLab
11 29 (2.98%) SoapUI
12 25 (2.57%) Gradle
12 25 (2.57%) Jasmine
13 24 (2.47%) Bitbucket
13 24 (2.47%) Grunt
13 24 (2.47%) gulp
13 24 (2.47%) Mocha
14 23 (2.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 162 (16.67%) Finance
2 119 (12.24%) Public Sector
3 118 (12.14%) Banking
4 50 (5.14%) Investment Banking
5 45 (4.63%) Front Office
6 18 (1.85%) Telecoms
7 14 (1.44%) Manufacturing
8 12 (1.23%) Back Office
9 11 (1.13%) Electronics
10 10 (1.03%) Financial Institution
10 10 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
11 8 (0.82%) Advertising
11 8 (0.82%) Retail
12 7 (0.72%) Legal
12 7 (0.72%) Marketing
13 6 (0.62%) French Language
13 6 (0.62%) Police
14 5 (0.51%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.41%) General Ledger
15 4 (0.41%) Law
Job Titles
1 307 (31.58%) Developer
2 143 (14.71%) Java Developer
3 89 (9.16%) Analyst
4 55 (5.66%) Architect
5 52 (5.35%) Administrator
6 50 (5.14%) DevOps Engineer
7 42 (4.32%) Support Engineer
8 39 (4.01%) DBA
9 38 (3.91%) Consultant
10 37 (3.81%) Senior Developer
11 35 (3.60%) Test Engineer
12 32 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
12 32 (3.29%) Linux Engineer
12 32 (3.29%) Unix Engineer
13 31 (3.19%) Applications Support
14 29 (2.98%) Tester
15 28 (2.88%) AWS Engineer
15 28 (2.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 27 (2.78%) Test Analyst
17 26 (2.67%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (10.39%) Middleware
2 98 (10.08%) XML
3 86 (8.85%) Spring
4 80 (8.23%) Web Services
5 72 (7.41%) HTML
6 66 (6.79%) JAX-RS
7 61 (6.28%) SOAP
8 55 (5.66%) REST
9 50 (5.14%) J2EE
10 49 (5.04%) CSS
11 48 (4.94%) ActiveMQ
12 47 (4.84%) Node.js
13 43 (4.42%) JSON
14 37 (3.81%) HTML5
15 36 (3.70%) LDAP
16 34 (3.50%) Java EE
16 34 (3.50%) RabbitMQ
17 33 (3.40%) Spring Boot
18 31 (3.19%) jQuery
19 28 (2.88%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 95 (9.77%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (5.45%) Linux Command Line
3 34 (3.50%) Management Information System
4 33 (3.40%) User Experience
5 25 (2.57%) Virtual Team
6 24 (2.47%) Clustering
6 24 (2.47%) Fixed Income
7 22 (2.26%) Data Centre
8 21 (2.16%) Equities
9 17 (1.75%) Public Cloud
9 17 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.23%) PKI
12 11 (1.13%) Cloud Native
13 10 (1.03%) Blog
14 9 (0.93%) Data Structures
14 9 (0.93%) Derivative
15 8 (0.82%) Replication
16 7 (0.72%) Client/Server
16 7 (0.72%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 609 (62.65%) Linux
2 263 (27.06%) Windows
3 105 (10.80%) Mac OS X
4 63 (6.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (5.25%) Solaris
6 39 (4.01%) Windows Server
7 32 (3.29%) AIX
8 12 (1.23%) CentOS
9 9 (0.93%) Debian
10 7 (0.72%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.72%) Windows 10
10 7 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.72%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.51%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.51%) Fedora
11 5 (0.51%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.41%) NetWare
12 4 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (0.41%) VMS
12 4 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 287 (29.53%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (22.43%) Test Automation
3 179 (18.42%) DevOps
4 164 (16.87%) TDD
5 149 (15.33%) Microservices
6 113 (11.63%) BDD
6 113 (11.63%) Configuration Management
7 111 (11.42%) Problem-Solving
8 99 (10.19%) ETL
9 97 (9.98%) Migration
10 94 (9.67%) Continuous Deployment
11 87 (8.95%) Responsive Web Design
12 85 (8.74%) Web Design
13 84 (8.64%) Continuous Integration
14 75 (7.72%) ITIL
15 74 (7.61%) Scrum
16 71 (7.30%) Web Development
17 68 (7.00%) Test Strategy
18 62 (6.38%) Pair Programming
19 61 (6.28%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 393 (40.43%) Java
2 358 (36.83%) SQL
3 214 (22.02%) Python
4 157 (16.15%) Shell Script
5 113 (11.63%) Perl
6 97 (9.98%) JavaScript
7 88 (9.05%) Java 8
8 81 (8.33%) Bash Shell
9 72 (7.41%) PL/SQL
10 65 (6.69%) C
11 57 (5.86%) PowerShell
12 46 (4.73%) Ruby
13 43 (4.42%) C++
14 24 (2.47%) Korn
15 21 (2.16%) Scala
16 17 (1.75%) T-SQL
17 13 (1.34%) C#
18 11 (1.13%) Groovy
18 11 (1.13%) R
18 11 (1.13%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 206 (21.19%) Security Cleared
2 173 (17.80%) SC Cleared
3 54 (5.56%) Degree
4 49 (5.04%) ISEB
5 47 (4.84%) ISTQB
6 43 (4.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 31 (3.19%) BPSS Clearance
8 27 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
9 23 (2.37%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.93%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.93%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.62%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.51%) CCNA
12 5 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
12 5 (0.51%) CISSP
12 5 (0.51%) ISEB Practitioner
12 5 (0.51%) Oracle Certification
13 4 (0.41%) CCNP
13 4 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.41%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (7.92%) QA
2 28 (2.88%) WCAG
3 26 (2.67%) SLA
4 19 (1.95%) PCI DSS
5 10 (1.03%) Disclosure Scotland
6 9 (0.93%) GDPR
7 7 (0.72%) COBIT
7 7 (0.72%) GxP
8 5 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 5 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.41%) GLP
10 3 (0.31%) GPG13
10 3 (0.31%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.31%) NIST
11 2 (0.21%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.21%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.21%) MiFID
12 1 (0.10%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 175 (18.00%) Docker
2 95 (9.77%) Active Directory
3 61 (6.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (2.98%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (1.65%) Oracle RAC
6 15 (1.54%) HDFS
7 14 (1.44%) Firmware
8 12 (1.23%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (1.13%) Hyper-V
10 10 (1.03%) Oracle Clusterware
10 10 (1.03%) vSphere
11 8 (0.82%) NFS
11 8 (0.82%) Samba
12 6 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 5 (0.51%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 4 (0.41%) Apache Flume
14 4 (0.41%) VMware NSX
15 3 (0.31%) iptables
15 3 (0.31%) KVM
15 3 (0.31%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 153 (15.74%) Kubernetes
2 73 (7.51%) Puppet
3 64 (6.58%) Ansible
4 62 (6.38%) Opscode Chef
5 56 (5.76%) Terraform
6 31 (3.19%) Nagios
7 20 (2.06%) Data Guard
8 18 (1.85%) Kibana
8 18 (1.85%) SCOM
9 17 (1.75%) Oracle RMAN
10 14 (1.44%) Grafana
10 14 (1.44%) Prometheus
11 12 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
11 12 (1.23%) ZABBIX
12 11 (1.13%) Salt
12 11 (1.13%) Tivoli
13 10 (1.03%) HP ALM
13 10 (1.03%) SCCM
14 9 (0.93%) Netcool
14 9 (0.93%) Netcool/Webtop
Vendors
1 339 (34.88%) Oracle
2 96 (9.88%) Microsoft
3 86 (8.85%) VMware
4 78 (8.02%) Splunk
5 69 (7.10%) IBM
6 60 (6.17%) Red Hat
7 51 (5.25%) Sybase
8 39 (4.01%) SAP
9 34 (3.50%) HP
10 30 (3.09%) Citrix
11 28 (2.88%) webMethods
12 26 (2.67%) Informatica
13 24 (2.47%) Ab Initio
13 24 (2.47%) Cisco
14 22 (2.26%) NetApp
15 21 (2.16%) Remedy
16 20 (2.06%) ServiceNow
17 18 (1.85%) Atlassian
18 17 (1.75%) CyberArk
18 17 (1.75%) EMC