Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 84 61 47
Rank change year-on-year -23 -14 -12
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,219 4,139 4,794
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.70% 3.99% 4.65%
As % of the Operating Systems category 12.80% 19.01% 22.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,344 2,628 2,978
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £313 £319 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +7.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 52 83
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £35.00 £30.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.86% +13.82% -7.04%
10th Percentile £16.93 £15.30 £13.82
90th Percentile £50.88 £50.00 £47.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.25 £35.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -16.43% +16.67% -14.29%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,335 21,768 21,581
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.10% 20.97% 20.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,678 13,508 13,718
UK median daily rate £423 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.47% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £143 £163 £170
90th Percentile £613 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +0.65% +3.33% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,295 1,468 1,308
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.50 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.07 £16.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +3.45% - +6.45%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 1,994 £475 -5.00% 479
UK excluding London -21 1,262 £450 +5.88% 355
London -36 912 £525 -0.94% 165
South East -24 338 £450 +1.12% 100
North of England +2 312 £450 +5.88% 66
North West +4 163 £450 +5.88% 33
Midlands -23 163 £408 +0.56% 56
South West -17 143 £450 - 53
Yorkshire +15 130 £468 +16.88% 26
Scotland -27 125 £538 +34.38% 27
West Midlands -14 124 £395 -1.31% 40
East of England -20 123 £420 -6.67% 40
East Midlands -11 38 £500 +21.95% 16
Wales +16 35 £400 -1.84% 13
Northern Ireland +8 28 £563 +48.03% 2
North East -13 19 £499 +5.00% 7

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,320 (59.49%) Linux
2 764 (34.43%) SQL
3 714 (32.18%) Java
4 702 (31.64%) Oracle
5 681 (30.69%) Agile Software Development
6 598 (26.95%) Windows
7 562 (25.33%) Python
8 463 (20.87%) DevOps
9 448 (20.19%) Finance
10 368 (16.58%) AWS
11 342 (15.41%) Shell Script
12 333 (15.01%) Git (software)
13 320 (14.42%) Test Automation
14 317 (14.29%) Docker
15 311 (14.02%) Jenkins
16 299 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
17 280 (12.62%) Security Cleared
17 280 (12.62%) JavaScript
18 275 (12.39%) Azure
19 258 (11.63%) JIRA
20 254 (11.45%) Microsoft
21 251 (11.31%) Ansible
22 248 (11.18%) TDD
23 232 (10.46%) Banking
23 232 (10.46%) Perl
24 222 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
25 220 (9.91%) Migration
26 210 (9.46%) SC Cleared
27 209 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
28 205 (9.24%) Oracle Database

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 173 (7.80%) Confluence
2 150 (6.76%) Apache
3 106 (4.78%) WebLogic
4 78 (3.52%) Apache Spark
4 78 (3.52%) JBoss
5 71 (3.20%) Tomcat
6 48 (2.16%) IIS
7 43 (1.94%) WebSphere
8 39 (1.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 38 (1.71%) SAS
10 34 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
11 29 (1.31%) nginx
11 29 (1.31%) OpenStack
12 28 (1.26%) SharePoint
13 22 (0.99%) MS Exchange
14 19 (0.86%) WebSphere Application Server
15 15 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
15 15 (0.68%) Oracle Service Bus
16 12 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
17 11 (0.50%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 42 (1.89%) Microsoft Excel
1 42 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.72%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.045%) Abaqus
4 1 (0.045%) FileZilla
4 1 (0.045%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 21 (0.95%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 20 (0.90%) BusinessWorks
3 17 (0.77%) Sonata
4 13 (0.59%) assyst
4 13 (0.59%) Oracle Cash Management
5 12 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
6 11 (0.50%) CSG Singleview
6 11 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
6 11 (0.50%) Remedy ITSM
7 9 (0.41%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 9 (0.41%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 8 (0.36%) Oracle General Ledger
8 8 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.36%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.32%) Finacle
9 7 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
9 7 (0.32%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 6 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
10 6 (0.27%) Oracle FAH
10 6 (0.27%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 368 (16.58%) AWS
2 275 (12.39%) Azure
3 158 (7.12%) GitHub
4 77 (3.47%) PaaS
5 73 (3.29%) GCP
6 61 (2.75%) SaaS
7 55 (2.48%) Amazon S3
8 54 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
9 48 (2.16%) AWS Lambda
10 47 (2.12%) Serverless
11 45 (2.03%) OpenShift
12 44 (1.98%) Office 365
13 42 (1.89%) IaaS
14 35 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 33 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 25 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 24 (1.08%) Azure Active Directory
17 24 (1.08%) Route 53
18 22 (0.99%) Amazon ECS
19 20 (0.90%) Amazon Glacier
Communications & Networking
1 125 (5.63%) TCP/IP
2 123 (5.54%) Firewall
3 103 (4.64%) HTTP
4 91 (4.10%) DNS
5 86 (3.88%) SAN
6 63 (2.84%) WAN
7 54 (2.43%) LAN
8 50 (2.25%) HTTPS
8 50 (2.25%) SSL
9 40 (1.80%) VPN
10 38 (1.71%) Network Security
11 37 (1.67%) Internet
12 33 (1.49%) DHCP
13 32 (1.44%) BGP
13 32 (1.44%) OSPF
14 27 (1.22%) Cisco IOS
14 27 (1.22%) SSH
15 26 (1.17%) Intrusion Detection
16 25 (1.13%) Wireless
17 24 (1.08%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (9.24%) Oracle Database
2 196 (8.83%) SQL Server
3 142 (6.40%) Relational Database
4 128 (5.77%) Big Data
4 128 (5.77%) MongoDB
5 127 (5.72%) Hadoop
5 127 (5.72%) MySQL
6 100 (4.51%) NoSQL
7 78 (3.52%) RDBMS
8 76 (3.42%) Data Warehouse
9 66 (2.97%) PostgreSQL
10 59 (2.66%) Oracle Database 12c
11 57 (2.57%) Oracle Database 11g
12 55 (2.48%) Apache Hive
13 48 (2.16%) HBase
14 41 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
14 41 (1.85%) DB2
15 38 (1.71%) Oracle Reports
16 24 (1.08%) BusinessObjects
16 24 (1.08%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 333 (15.01%) Git (software)
2 311 (14.02%) Jenkins
3 258 (11.63%) JIRA
4 102 (4.60%) JUnit
5 96 (4.33%) Cucumber
5 96 (4.33%) Selenium
6 81 (3.65%) Maven
7 54 (2.43%) GitLab
8 50 (2.25%) Bitbucket
8 50 (2.25%) Subversion
9 48 (2.16%) Mockito
10 45 (2.03%) Artifactory
11 42 (1.89%) Ant
12 41 (1.85%) Gatling
13 36 (1.62%) TeamCity
14 35 (1.58%) Eclipse
14 35 (1.58%) SonarQube
15 29 (1.31%) Gradle
16 28 (1.26%) IntelliJ
17 26 (1.17%) JMeter
General
1 448 (20.19%) Finance
2 232 (10.46%) Banking
3 120 (5.41%) Public Sector
4 72 (3.24%) Telecoms
5 71 (3.20%) Investment Banking
6 49 (2.21%) Front Office
7 42 (1.89%) Retail
8 36 (1.62%) Legal
9 22 (0.99%) Law
10 20 (0.90%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.81%) Games
12 16 (0.72%) Retail Banking
13 13 (0.59%) Billing
14 12 (0.54%) Back Office
14 12 (0.54%) Manufacturing
14 12 (0.54%) Marketing
15 11 (0.50%) Publishing
16 7 (0.32%) International Banking
17 6 (0.27%) Aerospace
17 6 (0.27%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 603 (27.17%) Developer
2 225 (10.14%) Analyst
3 206 (9.28%) Java Developer
4 150 (6.76%) DevOps Engineer
5 148 (6.67%) Administrator
6 133 (5.99%) Architect
7 113 (5.09%) Consultant
8 89 (4.01%) Senior Developer
9 84 (3.79%) DBA
10 75 (3.38%) Unix Engineer
11 73 (3.29%) Linux Engineer
11 73 (3.29%) Software Engineer
12 67 (3.02%) Support Analyst
13 63 (2.84%) Test Analyst
14 61 (2.75%) Oracle DBA
15 55 (2.48%) AWS Engineer
16 52 (2.34%) Support Engineer
17 47 (2.12%) C++ Developer
18 45 (2.03%) Applications Support
19 44 (1.98%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (8.70%) Spring
2 191 (8.61%) XML
3 151 (6.80%) HTML
4 133 (5.99%) Web Services
5 130 (5.86%) Node.js
6 123 (5.54%) REST
7 117 (5.27%) J2EE
8 115 (5.18%) CSS
9 109 (4.91%) JSON
10 106 (4.78%) SOAP
11 104 (4.69%) Middleware
12 102 (4.60%) AngularJS
13 101 (4.55%) Kafka
14 97 (4.37%) RESTful
15 89 (4.01%) React
16 75 (3.38%) Hibernate
17 63 (2.84%) Spring Boot
18 62 (2.79%) LDAP
19 55 (2.48%) .NET
20 47 (2.12%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 222 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
2 107 (4.82%) Linux Command Line
3 82 (3.70%) Data Centre
4 66 (2.97%) Clustering
4 66 (2.97%) Self-Motivation
5 59 (2.66%) Management Information System
6 52 (2.34%) PKI
7 45 (2.03%) Equities
8 38 (1.71%) Replication
9 36 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 32 (1.44%) Data Structures
11 31 (1.40%) Mainframe
12 30 (1.35%) Derivative
13 28 (1.26%) Algorithms
14 22 (0.99%) Greenfield Project
15 19 (0.86%) Cloud Native
15 19 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
16 18 (0.81%) Client/Server
16 18 (0.81%) Public Cloud
17 16 (0.72%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,320 (59.49%) Linux
2 598 (26.95%) Windows
3 166 (7.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 159 (7.17%) Solaris
5 112 (5.05%) Windows Server
6 75 (3.38%) AIX
7 61 (2.75%) Mac OS X
8 53 (2.39%) CentOS
9 52 (2.34%) Mac OS
10 41 (1.85%) Ubuntu
11 35 (1.58%) Windows Server 2008
12 30 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
13 22 (0.99%) zOS
14 21 (0.95%) HPUX
14 21 (0.95%) Windows Server 2003
15 20 (0.90%) Windows 10
16 18 (0.81%) SUSE
17 15 (0.68%) Debian
17 15 (0.68%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 13 (0.59%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 681 (30.69%) Agile Software Development
2 463 (20.87%) DevOps
3 320 (14.42%) Test Automation
4 299 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
5 248 (11.18%) TDD
6 220 (9.91%) Migration
7 209 (9.42%) Problem-Solving
8 196 (8.83%) Configuration Management
9 170 (7.66%) Microservices
10 163 (7.35%) Scrum
11 157 (7.08%) ITIL
12 150 (6.76%) Software Engineering
13 147 (6.62%) Open Source
14 127 (5.72%) OO
15 119 (5.36%) Change Management
16 118 (5.32%) Continuous Deployment
17 114 (5.14%) SDLC
18 110 (4.96%) ETL
19 107 (4.82%) Performance Tuning
20 104 (4.69%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 764 (34.43%) SQL
2 714 (32.18%) Java
3 562 (25.33%) Python
4 342 (15.41%) Shell Script
5 280 (12.62%) JavaScript
6 232 (10.46%) Perl
7 189 (8.52%) Bash Shell
8 172 (7.75%) PL/SQL
9 134 (6.04%) C++
10 130 (5.86%) Ruby
11 129 (5.81%) PowerShell
12 127 (5.72%) C
13 103 (4.64%) Java 8
14 89 (4.01%) C#
15 79 (3.56%) Scala
16 45 (2.03%) Korn
17 41 (1.85%) Go
18 37 (1.67%) PHP
19 26 (1.17%) R
20 24 (1.08%) ES6
Qualifications
1 280 (12.62%) Security Cleared
2 210 (9.46%) SC Cleared
3 109 (4.91%) Degree
4 73 (3.29%) Cisco Certification
5 71 (3.20%) ISTQB
6 62 (2.79%) ISEB
7 60 (2.70%) DV Cleared
8 55 (2.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 46 (2.07%) CCNP
10 45 (2.03%) CCNA
10 45 (2.03%) CISSP
11 43 (1.94%) AWS Certification
12 28 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
13 23 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
14 19 (0.86%) CCIE
15 18 (0.81%) ITIL Certification
16 17 (0.77%) CISM
17 13 (0.59%) IISP
17 13 (0.59%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 12 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (3.70%) QA
2 49 (2.21%) SLA
3 44 (1.98%) PCI DSS
4 21 (0.95%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 19 (0.86%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
7 10 (0.45%) COBIT
8 9 (0.41%) GDPR
9 6 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 5 (0.23%) MiFID
11 4 (0.18%) NIST
12 3 (0.14%) HL7
12 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.14%) ITGC
12 3 (0.14%) JSP 440
13 2 (0.090%) BS7799
13 2 (0.090%) CRD IV
13 2 (0.090%) GMP
13 2 (0.090%) NCSC
System Software
1 317 (14.29%) Docker
2 139 (6.26%) Active Directory
3 107 (4.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (2.30%) Oracle RAC
5 38 (1.71%) Hyper-V
6 32 (1.44%) HDFS
7 27 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
8 23 (1.04%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (0.99%) vSphere
10 17 (0.77%) EMC RecoverPoint
11 15 (0.68%) NFS
12 13 (0.59%) Firmware
13 11 (0.50%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 11 (0.50%) VirtualBox
13 11 (0.50%) VMware NSX
14 10 (0.45%) XenApp
15 9 (0.41%) Samba
16 8 (0.36%) OCFS2
16 8 (0.36%) Tivoli Directory Server
17 7 (0.32%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 251 (11.31%) Ansible
2 199 (8.97%) Kubernetes
3 142 (6.40%) Puppet
4 127 (5.72%) Terraform
5 91 (4.10%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.53%) NetBackup
7 31 (1.40%) Data Guard
8 30 (1.35%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 29 (1.31%) Hadoop YARN
9 29 (1.31%) Tivoli
10 28 (1.26%) Control-M
10 28 (1.26%) Oracle RMAN
11 27 (1.22%) Grafana
12 22 (0.99%) Packer
13 21 (0.95%) Avamar
13 21 (0.95%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 20 (0.90%) Consul
14 20 (0.90%) SCCM
14 20 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
15 19 (0.86%) Kibana
Vendors
1 702 (31.64%) Oracle
2 254 (11.45%) Microsoft
3 182 (8.20%) VMware
4 166 (7.48%) Red Hat
5 128 (5.77%) IBM
6 96 (4.33%) Cisco
7 92 (4.15%) Splunk
8 80 (3.61%) HP
8 80 (3.61%) Informatica
9 65 (2.93%) Atlassian
9 65 (2.93%) Google
10 64 (2.88%) SAP
11 58 (2.61%) EMC
12 52 (2.34%) Citrix
13 51 (2.30%) webMethods
14 43 (1.94%) Dell
15 39 (1.76%) Sun
16 36 (1.62%) Sybase
16 36 (1.62%) TIBCO
17 35 (1.58%) Remedy