Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 100 102 82
Rank change year-on-year +2 -20 -4
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,263 1,615 1,160
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.54% 2.45% 2.82%
As % of the Operating Systems category 17.13% 15.93% 14.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,466 1,035 760
10th Percentile £400 £350 £325
25th Percentile £463 £415 £399
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% -1.52%
75th Percentile £639 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £688 £651
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.27% -2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 21 22
10th Percentile £37.40 £22.50 £16.01
25th Percentile £62.50 £24.35 £22.13
Median hourly rate £68.00 £50.00 £41.35
Median % change year-on-year +36.00% +20.92% +33.39%
75th Percentile £80.00 £60.00 £60.04
90th Percentile £82.75 £66.75 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £76.50 £39.50 £40.70
% change year-on-year +93.67% -2.95% +35.67%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,214 10,140 8,127
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.85% 15.41% 19.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,074 6,649 5,309
10th Percentile £180 £185 £150
25th Percentile £350 £350 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £455 £428
Median % change year-on-year +9.89% +6.31% -0.47%
75th Percentile £625 £556 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 564 509 523
10th Percentile £13.04 £12.00 £11.67
25th Percentile £16.25 £13.63 £14.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.57% -2.78% +4.35%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.00 £25.29
90th Percentile £65.75 £60.50 £48.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% -2.86% +9.38%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -4 1,871 £550 +10.00% 278
Work from Home +7 1,029 £540 +9.09% 79
London -7 972 £600 +9.09% 118
UK excluding London -10 848 £500 +11.11% 168
Midlands -8 254 £500 +11.11% 32
South East +41 228 £475 +3.26% 44
West Midlands -10 216 £505 +12.22% 22
North of England -26 158 £550 +22.22% 35
North West +6 119 £590 +52.06% 21
Scotland -14 94 £500 +11.11% 13
East of England -16 51 £450 -8.40% 23
South West -17 41 £425 -19.05% 19
East Midlands +13 38 £500 +6.38% 10
Yorkshire -36 32 £510 +2.00% 9
Wales -1 17 £550 +15.18%
North East -16 15 £450 -5.26% 5
Northern Ireland -4 7 £488 +10.48% 2

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,419 (62.70%) Linux
2 931 (41.14%) SQL
3 764 (33.76%) Windows
4 720 (31.82%) Oracle
5 658 (29.08%) Java
6 629 (27.79%) Social Skills
7 593 (26.20%) Agile
8 576 (25.45%) Python
9 574 (25.36%) AWS
10 507 (22.40%) Finance
11 501 (22.14%) Shell Script
12 443 (19.58%) DevOps
13 405 (17.90%) Azure
14 372 (16.44%) Security Cleared
15 365 (16.13%) Ansible
16 363 (16.04%) Jenkins
17 348 (15.38%) Git (software)
18 341 (15.07%) JIRA
19 327 (14.45%) Problem-Solving
20 324 (14.32%) SC Cleared
20 324 (14.32%) Banking
21 318 (14.05%) CI/CD
22 301 (13.30%) Microsoft
23 295 (13.04%) PL/SQL
24 274 (12.11%) Kubernetes
25 271 (11.98%) ITIL
26 264 (11.67%) VMware
27 250 (11.05%) Analytical Skills
28 242 (10.69%) Scrum
29 240 (10.61%) Software Engineering

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 225 (9.94%) Confluence
2 123 (5.44%) WebSphere
3 122 (5.39%) WebLogic
4 91 (4.02%) Tomcat
5 76 (3.36%) SAS
6 71 (3.14%) Apache
7 69 (3.05%) WebSphere Application Server
8 48 (2.12%) Apache Spark
9 47 (2.08%) JBoss
10 44 (1.94%) Mule
11 40 (1.77%) Red Hat Fuse
12 36 (1.59%) OpenStack
13 30 (1.33%) IBM HTTP Server
14 29 (1.28%) IIS
15 23 (1.02%) nginx
16 22 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
17 17 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
18 15 (0.66%) NetWeaver
19 11 (0.49%) MS Exchange
20 9 (0.40%) WebSphere Process Server
Applications
1 94 (4.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.88%) Microsoft Project
5 15 (0.66%) MS Visio
6 8 (0.35%) CATIA
7 2 (0.088%) AutoCAD
7 2 (0.088%) Autodesk Inventor
7 2 (0.088%) Mathcad
7 2 (0.088%) Siemens NX
7 2 (0.088%) Solid Edge
7 2 (0.088%) SOLIDWORKS
7 2 (0.088%) Windchill
8 1 (0.044%) Oracle Smart View
8 1 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 52 (2.30%) assyst
2 23 (1.02%) ION MarketView
3 17 (0.75%) SAP FI-CA
3 17 (0.75%) SAP PSCD
4 15 (0.66%) Oracle 11i
5 13 (0.57%) Primavera
6 12 (0.53%) BusinessWorks
7 7 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
7 7 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.31%) Oracle Utilities
8 6 (0.27%) Actimize
8 6 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
9 5 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.18%) Fidessa
10 4 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.18%) Shopify
11 3 (0.13%) Advent Geneva
11 3 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.13%) Temenos Triple'A Plus
Cloud Services
1 574 (25.36%) AWS
2 405 (17.90%) Azure
3 140 (6.19%) GCP
4 113 (4.99%) GitHub
5 102 (4.51%) PaaS
6 99 (4.37%) SaaS
7 71 (3.14%) Amazon S3
8 61 (2.70%) IaaS
9 54 (2.39%) Azure DevOps
10 47 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
11 45 (1.99%) Serverless
12 43 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
13 42 (1.86%) Microsoft 365
14 41 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
14 41 (1.81%) OpenShift
14 41 (1.81%) Power Platform
15 40 (1.77%) Amazon EKS
16 31 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
16 31 (1.37%) Amazon ECS
17 26 (1.15%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 225 (9.94%) Firewall
2 174 (7.69%) DNS
3 124 (5.48%) TCP/IP
4 117 (5.17%) HTTP
5 114 (5.04%) Network Security
6 113 (4.99%) SSL
7 91 (4.02%) DHCP
8 79 (3.49%) SAN
9 60 (2.65%) WAN
10 57 (2.52%) Internet
10 57 (2.52%) VPN
11 52 (2.30%) SSH
12 47 (2.08%) HTTPS
13 41 (1.81%) LAN
14 40 (1.77%) IPsec
15 32 (1.41%) FTP
16 29 (1.28%) SNMP
17 28 (1.24%) SMTP
18 27 (1.19%) OSPF
19 23 (1.02%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 231 (10.21%) SQL Server
2 223 (9.85%) Oracle Database
3 189 (8.35%) Relational Database
4 185 (8.17%) MySQL
5 144 (6.36%) Data Warehouse
6 135 (5.97%) Pentaho
7 80 (3.54%) MongoDB
7 80 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
8 75 (3.31%) Hadoop
9 72 (3.18%) BusinessObjects
10 65 (2.87%) Amazon RDS
11 58 (2.56%) DB2
12 55 (2.43%) RDBMS
13 53 (2.34%) Oracle Database 11g
14 51 (2.25%) Apache Hive
15 50 (2.21%) Oracle Database 10g
16 48 (2.12%) Impala
17 47 (2.08%) Big Data
17 47 (2.08%) HBase
18 46 (2.03%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 363 (16.04%) Jenkins
2 348 (15.38%) Git (software)
3 341 (15.07%) JIRA
4 167 (7.38%) GitLab
5 151 (6.67%) Bitbucket
6 90 (3.98%) Artifactory
7 69 (3.05%) Subversion
8 66 (2.92%) Maven
9 47 (2.08%) Cucumber
9 47 (2.08%) Selenium
10 43 (1.90%) CA Gen
11 42 (1.86%) TeamCity
12 41 (1.81%) JUnit
13 38 (1.68%) SoapUI
14 31 (1.37%) IBM UrbanCode
15 28 (1.24%) Postman
16 27 (1.19%) Eclipse
16 27 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
17 24 (1.06%) CircleCI
18 23 (1.02%) Mockito
General
1 629 (27.79%) Social Skills
2 507 (22.40%) Finance
3 324 (14.32%) Banking
4 250 (11.05%) Analytical Skills
5 207 (9.15%) Public Sector
6 135 (5.97%) Front Office
7 130 (5.74%) Investment Banking
8 55 (2.43%) Documentation Skills
9 47 (2.08%) Presentation Skills
10 44 (1.94%) Telecoms
11 39 (1.72%) Retail
12 32 (1.41%) Back Office
12 32 (1.41%) Financial Institution
13 22 (0.97%) Publishing
14 21 (0.93%) Organisational Skills
15 19 (0.84%) Legal
16 14 (0.62%) Influencing Skills
16 14 (0.62%) Law
17 13 (0.57%) Manufacturing
18 11 (0.49%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 437 (19.31%) Developer
2 226 (9.99%) Analyst
3 204 (9.01%) Architect
4 190 (8.40%) Java Developer
5 143 (6.32%) DevOps Engineer
6 116 (5.13%) Software Engineer
7 106 (4.68%) Consultant
8 95 (4.20%) Support Analyst
9 87 (3.84%) Administrator
10 81 (3.58%) DBA
11 79 (3.49%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 78 (3.45%) Senior Developer
13 72 (3.18%) Unix Engineer
14 71 (3.14%) Data Engineer
15 66 (2.92%) Linux Engineer
16 61 (2.70%) Oracle DBA
17 53 (2.34%) Security Engineer
18 51 (2.25%) Infrastructure Architect
19 49 (2.17%) Applications Support
20 44 (1.94%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (7.73%) Middleware
2 160 (7.07%) Spring
3 155 (6.85%) XML
4 129 (5.70%) JSON
4 129 (5.70%) REST
5 112 (4.95%) Web Services
6 109 (4.82%) J2EE
7 103 (4.55%) Kafka
8 95 (4.20%) SOAP
9 93 (4.11%) .NET
10 82 (3.62%) Spring Boot
11 63 (2.78%) HTML
12 56 (2.47%) LDAP
13 52 (2.30%) CSS
14 48 (2.12%) AngularJS
14 48 (2.12%) Apache Camel
14 48 (2.12%) Elastic Stack
15 46 (2.03%) Node.js
16 45 (1.99%) RESTful
17 43 (1.90%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 118 (5.21%) Data Centre
2 93 (4.11%) Data Protection Act
3 85 (3.76%) Management Information System
4 82 (3.62%) Clustering
5 78 (3.45%) Public Cloud
6 62 (2.74%) Self-Motivation
7 61 (2.70%) Private Cloud
8 55 (2.43%) Equities
9 51 (2.25%) Linux Command Line
10 49 (2.17%) SWIFT
11 43 (1.90%) Fixed Income
12 41 (1.81%) User Experience
13 39 (1.72%) Derivative
14 38 (1.68%) PKI
15 37 (1.63%) Mainframe
16 35 (1.55%) Data Structures
16 35 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 32 (1.41%) Cloud Native
18 28 (1.24%) Algorithms
19 24 (1.06%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 1,419 (62.70%) Linux
2 764 (33.76%) Windows
3 174 (7.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 127 (5.61%) Solaris
5 126 (5.57%) AIX
6 103 (4.55%) Windows Server
7 55 (2.43%) Windows 10
8 43 (1.90%) Mac OS X
9 42 (1.86%) CentOS
10 40 (1.77%) Windows Server 2008
11 34 (1.50%) Windows 7
12 28 (1.24%) Windows Server 2003
13 27 (1.19%) VMS
14 24 (1.06%) HPUX
15 22 (0.97%) SUSE
15 22 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
16 19 (0.84%) Mac OS
17 17 (0.75%) Ubuntu
18 13 (0.57%) Oracle Linux
19 9 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 593 (26.20%) Agile
2 443 (19.58%) DevOps
3 327 (14.45%) Problem-Solving
4 318 (14.05%) CI/CD
5 271 (11.98%) ITIL
6 242 (10.69%) Scrum
7 240 (10.61%) Software Engineering
8 213 (9.41%) Analytics
9 208 (9.19%) ETL
10 201 (8.88%) Test Automation
11 196 (8.66%) Configuration Management
12 185 (8.17%) Migration
13 182 (8.04%) Continuous Integration
14 172 (7.60%) Data Modelling
15 166 (7.34%) Process Improvement
16 160 (7.07%) Microservices
17 153 (6.76%) Change Management
18 150 (6.63%) High Availability
19 149 (6.58%) Test Strategy
20 138 (6.10%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 931 (41.14%) SQL
2 658 (29.08%) Java
3 576 (25.45%) Python
4 501 (22.14%) Shell Script
5 295 (13.04%) PL/SQL
6 230 (10.16%) Perl
7 228 (10.08%) PowerShell
8 169 (7.47%) Bash
9 153 (6.76%) JavaScript
10 111 (4.90%) C
11 90 (3.98%) C++
11 90 (3.98%) Scala
12 89 (3.93%) Go
13 88 (3.89%) C#
14 65 (2.87%) Ruby
15 54 (2.39%) VBScript
16 42 (1.86%) VBA
17 41 (1.81%) COBOL
17 41 (1.81%) R
18 40 (1.77%) Korn
Qualifications
1 372 (16.44%) Security Cleared
2 324 (14.32%) SC Cleared
3 132 (5.83%) Degree
4 58 (2.56%) ISTQB
5 56 (2.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 42 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
7 35 (1.55%) BPSS Clearance
8 33 (1.46%) ISEB
9 29 (1.28%) DV Cleared
10 27 (1.19%) AWS Certification
11 24 (1.06%) CISSP
12 21 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
13 20 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
14 15 (0.66%) CISM
15 14 (0.62%) Master's Degree
16 13 (0.57%) CISA
16 13 (0.57%) PMP
16 13 (0.57%) RHCE
17 12 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
17 12 (0.53%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (5.39%) QA
2 38 (1.68%) GDPR
3 30 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (1.24%) NIST
5 22 (0.97%) SLA
6 19 (0.84%) Accessibility
7 13 (0.57%) SEPA
8 9 (0.40%) ISO 20022
8 9 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 7 (0.31%) COBIT
9 7 (0.31%) PMO
10 6 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.22%) EMIR
11 5 (0.22%) ISO 8583
11 5 (0.22%) MiFID
12 4 (0.18%) Data Quality
13 3 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 3 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 205 (9.06%) Docker
2 174 (7.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 134 (5.92%) Active Directory
4 70 (3.09%) Oracle RAC
4 70 (3.09%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (2.17%) HDFS
6 34 (1.50%) Hyper-V
7 33 (1.46%) VMware ESXi
8 30 (1.33%) XenApp
9 22 (0.97%) NFS
10 18 (0.80%) VMware Workstation
10 18 (0.80%) vSphere
11 17 (0.75%) Firmware
12 15 (0.66%) PowerHA
12 15 (0.66%) vCloud
13 14 (0.62%) Ceph
13 14 (0.62%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 11 (0.49%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 11 (0.49%) Samba
15 10 (0.44%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 365 (16.13%) Ansible
2 274 (12.11%) Kubernetes
3 214 (9.46%) Terraform
4 149 (6.58%) Puppet
5 71 (3.14%) Grafana
6 57 (2.52%) Oracle RMAN
7 53 (2.34%) Data Guard
7 53 (2.34%) ITRS Geneos
8 52 (2.30%) Prometheus
9 48 (2.12%) Opscode Chef
10 43 (1.90%) SCCM
11 35 (1.55%) Nagios
12 34 (1.50%) Kibana
13 32 (1.41%) BladeLogic
14 31 (1.37%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 31 (1.37%) Single Sign-On
15 29 (1.28%) Tivoli
16 26 (1.15%) NetBackup
17 23 (1.02%) SCOM
18 17 (0.75%) Control-M
Vendors
1 720 (31.82%) Oracle
2 301 (13.30%) Microsoft
3 264 (11.67%) VMware
4 203 (8.97%) IBM
5 168 (7.42%) Red Hat
6 141 (6.23%) Splunk
7 120 (5.30%) Informatica
8 92 (4.07%) Citrix
9 82 (3.62%) SAP
10 80 (3.54%) Google
11 72 (3.18%) Talend
12 69 (3.05%) Sybase
13 63 (2.78%) Cloudera
14 56 (2.47%) Cisco
15 55 (2.43%) webMethods
16 51 (2.25%) AppDynamics
17 49 (2.17%) Sun
18 46 (2.03%) ServiceNow
19 45 (1.99%) BEA
20 42 (1.86%) HP