Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 85 61
Rank change year-on-year +10 -24 -14
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,095 2,205 4,114
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 2.67% 3.99%
As % of the Operating Systems category 16.28% 12.67% 19.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 790 1,363 2,653
Median daily rate £486 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.37% - -
10th Percentile £325 £313 £316
90th Percentile £673 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £432 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -4.11% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 23 49
Median hourly rate £35.25 £26.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.02% -24.29% +11.73%
10th Percentile £27.00 £16.70 £15.30
90th Percentile £57.13 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +27.27% -21.43% +16.67%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 6,724 17,404 21,656
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.34% 21.07% 20.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,003 10,710 13,435
Median daily rate £428 £420 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.90% -1.18% -
10th Percentile £163 £143 £163
90th Percentile £613 £603 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £377 £390 £388
% change year-on-year -3.46% +0.65% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 448 1,309 1,466
Median hourly rate £21.25 £17.50 £17.46
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% +0.21% -0.21%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £53.23 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +4.41% +3.03% -

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 931 £488 +2.63% 227
UK excluding London +14 512 £432 -4.11% 151
London +7 454 £563 +7.14% 98
Work from Home -8 199 £450 -5.26% 39
Midlands +47 136 £415 +1.84% 15
North of England -3 118 £450 -2.17% 48
West Midlands +41 111 £420 +6.33% 12
South East +21 108 £488 +8.33% 27
North West +2 66 £400 -11.11% 27
East of England +29 50 £423 +0.60% 18
Scotland 0 41 £400 -25.58% 13
South West -3 28 £500 +11.11% 20
Yorkshire -22 27 £506 +6.58% 16
North East +42 25 £450 -10.00% 5
East Midlands +36 23 £373 -25.40% 3
Northern Ireland +4 16 £431 -23.38% 5
Wales +17 15 £475 +22.58% 5

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 657 (60.00%) Linux
2 469 (42.83%) SQL
3 426 (38.90%) Java
4 415 (37.90%) Oracle
5 322 (29.41%) Windows
6 318 (29.04%) Agile Software Development
7 215 (19.63%) Python
8 207 (18.90%) Security Cleared
9 191 (17.44%) Git (software)
10 184 (16.80%) Shell Script
11 181 (16.53%) Test Automation
11 181 (16.53%) Docker
12 178 (16.26%) Finance
13 172 (15.71%) SC Cleared
14 165 (15.07%) AWS
14 165 (15.07%) DevOps
15 161 (14.70%) Kubernetes
16 157 (14.34%) Banking
17 152 (13.88%) TDD
18 143 (13.06%) JIRA
19 137 (12.51%) Spring
20 135 (12.33%) Relational Database
21 134 (12.24%) Middleware
22 133 (12.15%) Configuration Management
23 132 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
24 130 (11.87%) Jenkins
25 129 (11.78%) PL/SQL
26 127 (11.60%) Public Sector
27 126 (11.51%) SQL Server
28 123 (11.23%) MySQL

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (10.23%) WebLogic
2 85 (7.76%) Confluence
3 81 (7.40%) Mule
4 50 (4.57%) JBoss
5 43 (3.93%) Tomcat
6 32 (2.92%) Apache
7 31 (2.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 24 (2.19%) WebSphere
9 19 (1.74%) Red Hat Fuse
9 19 (1.74%) SharePoint
10 17 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
11 16 (1.46%) IIS
12 13 (1.19%) SAS
13 12 (1.10%) Oracle Service Bus
14 11 (1.00%) NetWeaver
15 9 (0.82%) Apache Spark
15 9 (0.82%) nginx
16 8 (0.73%) Oracle Workflow
17 7 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
18 6 (0.55%) Mailman
Applications
1 52 (4.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
3 13 (1.19%) MS Visio
4 12 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.091%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 20 (1.83%) Oracle EBS
2 14 (1.28%) SAP FI-CA
3 8 (0.73%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.37%) assyst
4 4 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.27%) Oracle E-Business Tax
5 3 (0.27%) Oracle iSupplier
5 3 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.27%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 3 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.27%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.27%) Summit
6 2 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.18%) Magento
6 2 (0.18%) OpenText Process Suite
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.18%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.18%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 165 (15.07%) AWS
2 105 (9.59%) Azure
3 35 (3.20%) GitHub
4 33 (3.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 30 (2.74%) GCP
5 30 (2.74%) OpenShift
6 29 (2.65%) PaaS
7 26 (2.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 24 (2.19%) AWS CloudFormation
9 23 (2.10%) Amazon EC2
9 23 (2.10%) Office 365
10 22 (2.01%) Amazon S3
10 22 (2.01%) Serverless
11 21 (1.92%) SaaS
12 20 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
13 19 (1.74%) AWS Lambda
14 15 (1.37%) AWS CloudTrail
14 15 (1.37%) Datadog
15 14 (1.28%) IaaS
16 8 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 93 (8.49%) Firewall
2 71 (6.48%) DNS
3 65 (5.94%) TCP/IP
4 42 (3.84%) WAN
5 40 (3.65%) DHCP
6 38 (3.47%) LAN
7 32 (2.92%) HTTP
8 28 (2.56%) SAN
9 27 (2.47%) SNMP
9 27 (2.47%) VPN
10 24 (2.19%) Internet
11 21 (1.92%) SSL
12 20 (1.83%) Network Security
13 19 (1.74%) Kerberos
14 17 (1.55%) DMZ
14 17 (1.55%) Intrusion Detection
15 12 (1.10%) iSCSI
15 12 (1.10%) MPLS
15 12 (1.10%) Skype
16 11 (1.00%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (12.33%) Relational Database
2 126 (11.51%) SQL Server
3 123 (11.23%) MySQL
4 75 (6.85%) Oracle Database
5 62 (5.66%) MongoDB
6 49 (4.47%) Big Data
6 49 (4.47%) Pentaho
7 47 (4.29%) NoSQL
8 38 (3.47%) PostgreSQL
9 33 (3.01%) Data Warehouse
9 33 (3.01%) Oracle Database 11g
10 32 (2.92%) Hadoop
11 29 (2.65%) BusinessObjects
11 29 (2.65%) DB2
11 29 (2.65%) RDBMS
12 19 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
13 16 (1.46%) Apache Hive
14 15 (1.37%) Oracle Database 12c
15 13 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
15 13 (1.19%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 191 (17.44%) Git (software)
2 143 (13.06%) JIRA
3 130 (11.87%) Jenkins
4 86 (7.85%) Subversion
5 70 (6.39%) Cucumber
6 68 (6.21%) Maven
7 53 (4.84%) CA Gen
8 49 (4.47%) Selenium
9 47 (4.29%) Toad
10 42 (3.84%) JUnit
11 41 (3.74%) JMeter
12 40 (3.65%) Bitbucket
13 33 (3.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 32 (2.92%) GitLab
15 28 (2.56%) Jasmine
15 28 (2.56%) SoapUI
16 27 (2.47%) Grunt
16 27 (2.47%) gulp
16 27 (2.47%) Mocha
17 25 (2.28%) Postman
General
1 178 (16.26%) Finance
2 157 (14.34%) Banking
3 127 (11.60%) Public Sector
4 69 (6.30%) Front Office
5 67 (6.12%) Investment Banking
6 13 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
6 13 (1.19%) Telecoms
7 11 (1.00%) Financial Institution
8 9 (0.82%) Advertising
9 8 (0.73%) Retail
10 7 (0.64%) Law
10 7 (0.64%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.55%) Legal
11 6 (0.55%) Marketing
12 5 (0.46%) Aerospace
12 5 (0.46%) Back Office
12 5 (0.46%) Electronics
12 5 (0.46%) French Language
13 4 (0.37%) Publishing
14 3 (0.27%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 365 (33.33%) Developer
2 144 (13.15%) Java Developer
3 98 (8.95%) Analyst
4 53 (4.84%) Architect
5 51 (4.66%) DevOps Engineer
6 46 (4.20%) Integration Developer
7 41 (3.74%) Senior Developer
8 40 (3.65%) Administrator
8 40 (3.65%) Support Engineer
9 39 (3.56%) Test Engineer
10 38 (3.47%) Consultant
11 33 (3.01%) Test Analyst
12 32 (2.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 31 (2.83%) Unix Engineer
14 30 (2.74%) Data Engineer
14 30 (2.74%) DBA
15 29 (2.65%) Cloud Engineer
16 27 (2.47%) Linux Engineer
17 26 (2.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 25 (2.28%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (12.51%) Spring
2 134 (12.24%) Middleware
3 123 (11.23%) XML
4 77 (7.03%) Web Services
5 71 (6.48%) HTML
6 65 (5.94%) J2EE
7 64 (5.84%) Apache Camel
8 60 (5.48%) JSON
9 59 (5.39%) REST
10 58 (5.30%) CSS
11 56 (5.11%) SOAP
12 55 (5.02%) Node.js
13 53 (4.84%) Spring Integration
14 42 (3.84%) HTML5
15 40 (3.65%) Spring Boot
16 38 (3.47%) Hibernate
16 38 (3.47%) JMS
17 34 (3.11%) Java EE
17 34 (3.11%) jQuery
17 34 (3.11%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 105 (9.59%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (4.57%) User Experience
3 45 (4.11%) Linux Command Line
4 37 (3.38%) Management Information System
5 32 (2.92%) Fixed Income
6 30 (2.74%) Data Centre
7 25 (2.28%) Virtual Team
8 23 (2.10%) Clustering
8 23 (2.10%) Self-Motivation
9 21 (1.92%) Equities
10 18 (1.64%) Public Cloud
11 16 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
12 13 (1.19%) PKI
13 12 (1.10%) Cloud Native
14 11 (1.00%) Algorithms
15 10 (0.91%) Robotics
16 9 (0.82%) Data Structures
17 8 (0.73%) Blog
17 8 (0.73%) Client/Server
18 7 (0.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 657 (60.00%) Linux
2 322 (29.41%) Windows
3 79 (7.21%) AIX
4 67 (6.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 63 (5.75%) Mac OS X
6 61 (5.57%) Solaris
7 41 (3.74%) Windows Server
8 20 (1.83%) CentOS
9 13 (1.19%) Oracle Linux
10 9 (0.82%) Debian
10 9 (0.82%) SUSE
11 7 (0.64%) Mac OS
11 7 (0.64%) Ubuntu
11 7 (0.64%) VMS
11 7 (0.64%) Windows Server 2019
12 5 (0.46%) Fedora
12 5 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.37%) Data ONTAP
13 4 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
13 4 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 318 (29.04%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (16.53%) Test Automation
3 165 (15.07%) DevOps
4 152 (13.88%) TDD
5 133 (12.15%) Configuration Management
6 132 (12.05%) Problem-Solving
7 123 (11.23%) Microservices
8 121 (11.05%) ETL
9 120 (10.96%) Migration
10 112 (10.23%) Scrum
11 106 (9.68%) Test Strategy
12 94 (8.58%) Data Modelling
13 89 (8.13%) BDD
14 82 (7.49%) Continuous Integration
15 79 (7.21%) Software Engineering
16 77 (7.03%) Process Improvement
17 75 (6.85%) SDLC
18 74 (6.76%) OO
19 64 (5.84%) ITIL
20 61 (5.57%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 469 (42.83%) SQL
2 426 (38.90%) Java
3 215 (19.63%) Python
4 184 (16.80%) Shell Script
5 129 (11.78%) PL/SQL
6 116 (10.59%) Perl
7 115 (10.50%) JavaScript
8 75 (6.85%) C
9 74 (6.76%) Bash Shell
10 68 (6.21%) PowerShell
11 55 (5.02%) C++
12 49 (4.47%) Java 8
12 49 (4.47%) Ruby
13 33 (3.01%) Korn
14 30 (2.74%) Scala
15 21 (1.92%) Go
16 17 (1.55%) VBA
17 16 (1.46%) C#
18 13 (1.19%) VB
18 13 (1.19%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 207 (18.90%) Security Cleared
2 172 (15.71%) SC Cleared
3 63 (5.75%) Degree
4 54 (4.93%) ISEB
5 48 (4.38%) ISTQB
6 44 (4.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 26 (2.37%) Computer Science Degree
8 22 (2.01%) BPSS Clearance
9 18 (1.64%) CISSP
9 18 (1.64%) DBS Check
10 13 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
10 13 (1.19%) DV Cleared
11 11 (1.00%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.91%) CISM
12 10 (0.91%) ISEB Practitioner
13 8 (0.73%) CCNP
13 8 (0.73%) GCIA
13 8 (0.73%) GIAC
14 7 (0.64%) GCIH
14 7 (0.64%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (6.03%) QA
2 32 (2.92%) WCAG
3 23 (2.10%) GDPR
3 23 (2.10%) SLA
4 20 (1.83%) PCI DSS
5 12 (1.10%) COBIT
6 9 (0.82%) NIST
7 7 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
8 5 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.37%) PMO
10 3 (0.27%) GxP
11 2 (0.18%) COREP
11 2 (0.18%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.18%) HIPAA
11 2 (0.18%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.18%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.18%) NIST 800
11 2 (0.18%) RMADS
System Software
1 181 (16.53%) Docker
2 93 (8.49%) Active Directory
3 61 (5.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (3.38%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (1.74%) HDFS
5 19 (1.74%) Oracle RAC
6 14 (1.28%) Firmware
6 14 (1.28%) Hyper-V
7 13 (1.19%) NFS
7 13 (1.19%) vSphere
8 12 (1.10%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.82%) Oracle Clusterware
10 5 (0.46%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 4 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.37%) Squid
11 4 (0.37%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.37%) Xen
12 3 (0.27%) GlusterFS
12 3 (0.27%) iptables
12 3 (0.27%) KVM
Systems Management
1 161 (14.70%) Kubernetes
2 89 (8.13%) Ansible
3 73 (6.67%) Puppet
4 58 (5.30%) Terraform
5 55 (5.02%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (2.28%) Nagios
7 24 (2.19%) Prometheus
8 19 (1.74%) Data Guard
9 18 (1.64%) Grafana
9 18 (1.64%) Oracle RMAN
9 18 (1.64%) SCOM
10 17 (1.55%) Tivoli
11 15 (1.37%) Kibana
12 14 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (1.19%) Rancher
13 13 (1.19%) ZABBIX
14 12 (1.10%) HP ALM
14 12 (1.10%) Salt
15 10 (0.91%) Netcool
15 10 (0.91%) Netcool/Webtop
Vendors
1 415 (37.90%) Oracle
2 102 (9.32%) Microsoft
3 99 (9.04%) IBM
4 89 (8.13%) VMware
5 70 (6.39%) Splunk
6 63 (5.75%) Red Hat
7 62 (5.66%) webMethods
8 60 (5.48%) Informatica
9 54 (4.93%) Sybase
10 48 (4.38%) SAP
11 36 (3.29%) BEA
11 36 (3.29%) CA
12 34 (3.11%) HP
13 30 (2.74%) Citrix
14 28 (2.56%) Atlassian
15 27 (2.47%) Cisco
15 27 (2.47%) Pega
16 22 (2.01%) Ab Initio
16 22 (2.01%) CyberArk
16 22 (2.01%) NetApp