Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 43 33 30
Rank change year-on-year -10 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Unix 4750 5436 6030
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.78% 5.16% 5.29%
As % of the Operating Systems category 22.95% 23.47% 24.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2952 3338 3559
UK median daily rate £472 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.14% - -
10th Percentile £313 £281 £300
90th Percentile £625 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 75 53 113
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £32.50 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.77% -11.37% +22.23%
10th Percentile £13.66 £16.30 £17.00
90th Percentile £43.75 £57.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -5.41% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20698 23162 24562
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.83% 21.97% 21.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 13083 14563 14466
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £175 £200 £185
90th Percentile £594 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £360
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +10.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1231 1284 1937
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% - +6.45%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.81 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +5.03% - +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 4286 £475 +10.47% 345
London +1 2369 £525 +10.53% 166
UK excluding London -12 2319 £425 +6.25% 190
South East -3 777 £438 +9.38% 73
North of England -9 514 £420 +12.00% 49
Midlands -22 259 £375 -11.76% 19
Scotland -13 231 £413 +4.43% 9
North West -4 221 £425 - 22
East of England -14 198 £475 +30.14% 27
Yorkshire -4 181 £439 +3.24% 21
Northern Ireland +20 161 £420 +19.91%
South West -17 157 £401 +2.04% 11
West Midlands -22 144 £400 -7.51% 13
North East +3 128 £375 +19.81% 6
East Midlands -20 104 £351 -15.03% 6
Wales -10 32 £401 -5.76% 2

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 3022 (63.62%) Linux
2 1707 (35.94%) Java
3 1540 (32.42%) SQL
4 1283 (27.01%) Oracle
5 1233 (25.96%) Windows
6 1224 (25.77%) Finance
7 1139 (23.98%) Agile Software Development
8 1063 (22.38%) Python
9 797 (16.78%) DevOps
10 785 (16.53%) Banking
11 770 (16.21%) Perl
12 740 (15.58%) Shell Script
13 714 (15.03%) Git (software)
14 591 (12.44%) Relational Database
15 586 (12.34%) Jenkins
16 579 (12.19%) Red Hat
17 556 (11.71%) Solaris
18 546 (11.49%) JavaScript
19 527 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
20 509 (10.72%) Security Cleared
21 499 (10.51%) Puppet
22 487 (10.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
22 487 (10.25%) Amazon AWS
23 464 (9.77%) Ansible
24 432 (9.09%) Continuous Integration
25 431 (9.07%) Test Automation
26 418 (8.80%) Configuration Management
27 410 (8.63%) Firewall
28 394 (8.29%) Docker
29 392 (8.25%) XML

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 337 (7.09%) Apache
2 296 (6.23%) Tomcat
3 286 (6.02%) JBoss
4 272 (5.73%) WebLogic
5 170 (3.58%) Apache Spark
6 168 (3.54%) WebSphere
7 165 (3.47%) Confluence
8 123 (2.59%) IIS
9 91 (1.92%) SAS
10 88 (1.85%) OpenStack
11 75 (1.58%) MS Exchange
12 74 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
13 69 (1.45%) WildFly
14 62 (1.31%) Oracle Application Server
14 62 (1.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 61 (1.28%) nginx
16 58 (1.22%) iPlanet
17 57 (1.20%) MQSeries
18 51 (1.07%) SharePoint
19 45 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 90 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
2 89 (1.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (0.88%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
6 18 (0.38%) HipChat
7 9 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.17%) Pipeline Pilot
8 8 (0.17%) SPSS
9 6 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.084%) Stata
11 3 (0.063%) InVision
12 2 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.021%) Adobe Captivate
13 1 (0.021%) Doxygen
13 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 31 (0.65%) SAP ERP
2 29 (0.61%) Oracle Applications
3 28 (0.59%) ION MarketView
3 28 (0.59%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 27 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
5 23 (0.48%) RMDS
6 21 (0.44%) Magento
6 21 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
7 18 (0.38%) Temenos T24
8 16 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
9 14 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 14 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
10 13 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
11 10 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
11 10 (0.21%) Oracle Utilities
12 9 (0.19%) Sonata
12 9 (0.19%) Unica
13 8 (0.17%) Siebel CRM
14 7 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
15 6 (0.13%) Global One
Cloud Services
1 487 (10.25%) Amazon AWS
2 180 (3.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 101 (2.13%) GitHub
4 84 (1.77%) PaaS
5 79 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
6 56 (1.18%) OpenShift
7 52 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
8 49 (1.03%) IaaS
9 47 (0.99%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 37 (0.78%) Amazon S3
11 34 (0.72%) npm
12 31 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
13 30 (0.63%) Office 365
13 30 (0.63%) SaaS
14 29 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
15 24 (0.51%) Serverless
16 22 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
16 22 (0.46%) Route 53
17 19 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 13 (0.27%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 410 (8.63%) Firewall
2 392 (8.25%) TCP/IP
3 249 (5.24%) HTTP
4 238 (5.01%) SAN
5 226 (4.76%) DNS
6 194 (4.08%) LDAP
7 165 (3.47%) SSL
8 130 (2.74%) Internet
9 124 (2.61%) NAS
10 114 (2.40%) WAN
11 104 (2.19%) LAN
12 93 (1.96%) Kerberos
13 90 (1.89%) VPN
14 88 (1.85%) SSH
15 87 (1.83%) Network Security
16 61 (1.28%) DHCP
17 48 (1.01%) Fibre Channel
18 39 (0.82%) FTP
19 38 (0.80%) Wireless
20 35 (0.74%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 591 (12.44%) Relational Database
2 344 (7.24%) SQL Server
3 323 (6.80%) Oracle Database
4 275 (5.79%) Hadoop
5 267 (5.62%) MySQL
6 258 (5.43%) Big Data
7 247 (5.20%) RDBMS
8 236 (4.97%) NoSQL
9 191 (4.02%) MongoDB
10 169 (3.56%) DB2
11 152 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
12 136 (2.86%) Apache Hive
13 122 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
14 112 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 89 (1.87%) Oracle Database 11g
16 77 (1.62%) HBase
17 69 (1.45%) Oracle Database 12c
18 63 (1.33%) KDB
19 52 (1.09%) Impala
20 49 (1.03%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 714 (15.03%) Git (software)
2 586 (12.34%) Jenkins
3 373 (7.85%) JIRA
4 338 (7.12%) Maven
5 265 (5.58%) Subversion
6 226 (4.76%) JUnit
7 126 (2.65%) Mockito
8 121 (2.55%) Selenium
9 108 (2.27%) Cucumber
10 98 (2.06%) Sonatype Nexus
11 88 (1.85%) TeamCity
12 85 (1.79%) Artifactory
13 79 (1.66%) Vagrant
14 74 (1.56%) Eclipse
15 71 (1.49%) Gradle
16 69 (1.45%) Bitbucket
17 66 (1.39%) IntelliJ
18 59 (1.24%) Ant
19 54 (1.14%) Hudson
19 54 (1.14%) WebDriver
General
1 1224 (25.77%) Finance
2 785 (16.53%) Banking
3 327 (6.88%) Front Office
4 292 (6.15%) Investment Banking
5 150 (3.16%) Telecoms
6 139 (2.93%) Retail
7 81 (1.71%) Marketing
8 79 (1.66%) Games
9 72 (1.52%) Financial Institution
10 66 (1.39%) Manufacturing
11 48 (1.01%) Electronics
12 47 (0.99%) Legal
13 44 (0.93%) Back Office
14 40 (0.84%) Retail Banking
15 27 (0.57%) Law
16 17 (0.36%) Billing
16 17 (0.36%) Publishing
17 13 (0.27%) Advertising
17 13 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
18 12 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1488 (31.33%) Developer
2 600 (12.63%) Java Developer
3 437 (9.20%) Analyst
4 394 (8.29%) Administrator
5 347 (7.31%) DevOps Engineer
6 277 (5.83%) Consultant
7 269 (5.66%) Unix Engineer
8 248 (5.22%) Senior Developer
9 237 (4.99%) Architect
10 226 (4.76%) Linux Engineer
11 190 (4.00%) Systems Administrator
12 183 (3.85%) C++ Developer
13 147 (3.09%) Unix Administrator
14 146 (3.07%) Support Analyst
15 141 (2.97%) Senior Java Developer
16 129 (2.72%) AWS Engineer
17 122 (2.57%) Applications Support
18 121 (2.55%) DBA
19 114 (2.40%) AWS DevOps
20 113 (2.38%) Linux Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (8.25%) XML
2 390 (8.21%) Web Services
3 373 (7.85%) HTML
4 368 (7.75%) Spring
5 321 (6.76%) Middleware
6 303 (6.38%) REST
7 289 (6.08%) J2EE
8 279 (5.87%) RESTful
9 267 (5.62%) CSS
10 237 (4.99%) JSON
11 207 (4.36%) SOAP
12 196 (4.13%) .NET
13 185 (3.89%) FIX Protocol
14 176 (3.71%) Hibernate
15 174 (3.66%) Node.js
16 156 (3.28%) JMS
17 149 (3.14%) HTML5
18 147 (3.09%) Kafka
19 142 (2.99%) AngularJS
20 124 (2.61%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 527 (11.09%) Analytical Skills
2 208 (4.38%) Data Centre
3 189 (3.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 184 (3.87%) Linux Command Line
5 179 (3.77%) Computer Science
6 158 (3.33%) Equities
7 147 (3.09%) Fixed Income
8 133 (2.80%) Management Information System
9 122 (2.57%) Clustering
10 110 (2.32%) Derivative
11 87 (1.83%) Mainframe
12 78 (1.64%) PKI
13 74 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
14 72 (1.52%) Data Structures
15 69 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
16 67 (1.41%) User Experience
16 67 (1.41%) Virtual Team
17 64 (1.35%) Client/Server
18 61 (1.28%) Replication
19 58 (1.22%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 3022 (63.62%) Linux
2 1233 (25.96%) Windows
3 556 (11.71%) Solaris
4 487 (10.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 361 (7.60%) AIX
6 217 (4.57%) Windows Server
7 185 (3.89%) Mac OS X
8 124 (2.61%) HPUX
9 106 (2.23%) CentOS
10 104 (2.19%) SUSE
11 73 (1.54%) Windows Server 2008
12 72 (1.52%) Ubuntu
13 70 (1.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 57 (1.20%) VMS
15 54 (1.14%) Mac OS
16 46 (0.97%) Windows XP
17 44 (0.93%) Windows Server 2003
18 41 (0.86%) Debian
19 39 (0.82%) Android
20 38 (0.80%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1139 (23.98%) Agile Software Development
2 797 (16.78%) DevOps
3 432 (9.09%) Continuous Integration
4 431 (9.07%) Test Automation
5 418 (8.80%) Configuration Management
6 358 (7.54%) TDD
7 357 (7.52%) Scrum
8 348 (7.33%) OO
9 340 (7.16%) ITIL
10 300 (6.32%) Migration
11 280 (5.89%) Open Source
12 258 (5.43%) SDLC
13 251 (5.28%) High Availability
14 249 (5.24%) Mentoring
15 237 (4.99%) Multithreading
16 233 (4.91%) Software Engineering
17 227 (4.78%) Microservices
18 221 (4.65%) Analytics
19 213 (4.48%) Load Balancing
20 197 (4.15%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 1707 (35.94%) Java
2 1540 (32.42%) SQL
3 1063 (22.38%) Python
4 770 (16.21%) Perl
5 740 (15.58%) Shell Script
6 546 (11.49%) JavaScript
7 374 (7.87%) Bash Shell
8 340 (7.16%) C++
9 270 (5.68%) PL/SQL
10 245 (5.16%) Ruby
11 207 (4.36%) Scala
12 181 (3.81%) PowerShell
13 177 (3.73%) Korn
14 174 (3.66%) C#
15 167 (3.52%) C
16 116 (2.44%) PHP
17 83 (1.75%) Go
18 79 (1.66%) R
19 59 (1.24%) T-SQL
20 53 (1.12%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 509 (10.72%) Security Cleared
2 354 (7.45%) SC Cleared
3 310 (6.53%) Degree
4 103 (2.17%) CISSP
5 87 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
6 57 (1.20%) DV Cleared
7 43 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
8 39 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
9 37 (0.78%) SANS
10 36 (0.76%) Cisco Certification
10 36 (0.76%) CISM
11 29 (0.61%) RHCE
12 27 (0.57%) ISEB
13 25 (0.53%) CCNA
14 24 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 24 (0.51%) MCSE
15 22 (0.46%) ISTQB
16 19 (0.40%) CEH
17 18 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 17 (0.36%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (3.54%) QA
2 79 (1.66%) SLA
3 72 (1.52%) MiFID
4 41 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 38 (0.80%) PCI DSS
6 30 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 29 (0.61%) Data Quality
8 13 (0.27%) GCP
9 12 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
10 11 (0.23%) JSP 440
11 10 (0.21%) GDPR
12 9 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
13 8 (0.17%) COBIT
13 8 (0.17%) EMIR
14 5 (0.11%) FATCA
14 5 (0.11%) HMG Infosec
14 5 (0.11%) RMADS
14 5 (0.11%) TARGET2
15 4 (0.084%) COREP
15 4 (0.084%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 394 (8.29%) Docker
2 256 (5.39%) Active Directory
3 187 (3.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 86 (1.81%) NFS
5 79 (1.66%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 74 (1.56%) HDFS
7 71 (1.49%) Hyper-V
7 71 (1.49%) Virtual Machines
8 70 (1.47%) VMware ESXi
9 59 (1.24%) Oracle RAC
10 52 (1.09%) Samba
10 52 (1.09%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 41 (0.86%) Apache Flume
12 39 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 38 (0.80%) KVM
14 37 (0.78%) Xen
15 36 (0.76%) Veritas File System
16 32 (0.67%) vSphere
17 24 (0.51%) RACF
17 24 (0.51%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 499 (10.51%) Puppet
2 464 (9.77%) Ansible
3 289 (6.08%) Opscode Chef
4 141 (2.97%) Kubernetes
5 111 (2.34%) logstash
6 106 (2.23%) NetBackup
7 94 (1.98%) Kibana
7 94 (1.98%) Terraform
8 88 (1.85%) Nagios
9 72 (1.52%) Grafana
10 69 (1.45%) ITRS Geneos
11 62 (1.31%) Control-M
12 44 (0.93%) Hadoop YARN
13 40 (0.84%) Tivoli
14 39 (0.82%) BladeLogic
15 37 (0.78%) Mesos
16 35 (0.74%) ZABBIX
17 34 (0.72%) SCCM
18 31 (0.65%) Rancher
19 29 (0.61%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 1283 (27.01%) Oracle
2 579 (12.19%) Red Hat
3 360 (7.58%) Microsoft
4 323 (6.80%) IBM
5 312 (6.57%) VMware
6 258 (5.43%) Sybase
7 224 (4.72%) Splunk
8 221 (4.65%) HP
9 184 (3.87%) Veritas
10 180 (3.79%) Cisco
11 173 (3.64%) Sun
12 149 (3.14%) SAP
13 119 (2.51%) F5
14 110 (2.32%) Citrix
15 90 (1.89%) NetApp
16 87 (1.83%) EMC
17 76 (1.60%) CyberArk
17 76 (1.60%) Symantec
18 74 (1.56%) AppDynamics
19 73 (1.54%) Atlassian