Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 84 93 65
Rank change year-on-year +9 -28 -14
Contract jobs citing Unix 1,248 1,635 3,596
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.40% 3.63%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.40% 11.68% 17.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,032 1,044 2,338
Median daily rate £475 £454 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.68% -4.47% -4.52%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £320
90th Percentile £688 £642 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £450
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 21 44
Median hourly rate £40.00 £21.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +90.48% -40.00% +7.69%
10th Percentile £27.00 £14.00 £14.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £47.50 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £21.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +85.71% -40.00% +7.69%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 8,106 13,993 20,621
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.04% 20.57% 20.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,224 8,927 13,173
Median daily rate £440 £408 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.98% -4.12% -
10th Percentile £166 £136 £158
90th Percentile £615 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £380 £400
% change year-on-year - -5.00% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 462 1,059 1,266
Median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.82
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.07% +1.91%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.62 £11.09
90th Percentile £56.25 £47.83 £47.50
Median hourly rate £15.86 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.88% +3.13% +3.23%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 1,013 £488 +2.63% 279
UK excluding London +13 553 £425 - 201
London +15 500 £575 +9.52% 111
Work from Home -12 332 £450 -12.20% 71
Midlands +25 172 £405 -4.71% 33
West Midlands +21 143 £405 -4.71% 22
North of England -5 117 £440 -2.76% 32
South East +29 100 £500 +17.65% 46
Scotland +6 62 £388 -22.50% 20
North West -16 55 £413 -8.33% 13
East of England +24 44 £450 +15.76% 27
North East +40 37 £450 +8.43% 2
South West +30 36 £500 +17.65% 29
East Midlands +20 26 £383 -23.40% 11
Yorkshire -16 25 £500 - 17
Wales +3 16 £478 +19.38% 6
Northern Ireland -9 7 £431 +14.93% 8

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 696 (55.77%) Linux
2 535 (42.87%) SQL
3 430 (34.46%) Oracle
4 426 (34.13%) Java
5 352 (28.21%) Agile Software Development
6 308 (24.68%) Windows
7 254 (20.35%) Python
8 236 (18.91%) Shell Script
9 223 (17.87%) Docker
10 215 (17.23%) Security Cleared
11 208 (16.67%) Git (software)
12 194 (15.54%) PL/SQL
13 193 (15.46%) Finance
14 190 (15.22%) Kubernetes
15 184 (14.74%) AWS
16 177 (14.18%) SC Cleared
17 176 (14.10%) Problem-Solving
18 175 (14.02%) DevOps
19 170 (13.62%) Spring
20 164 (13.14%) Banking
21 163 (13.06%) Configuration Management
22 162 (12.98%) Scrum
23 152 (12.18%) Test Automation
24 146 (11.70%) Jenkins
25 139 (11.14%) Perl
26 138 (11.06%) Relational Database
27 137 (10.98%) Software Engineering
28 134 (10.74%) Migration
29 130 (10.42%) TDD
29 130 (10.42%) Azure

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (10.18%) WebLogic
2 68 (5.45%) Confluence
3 66 (5.29%) Mule
4 46 (3.69%) JBoss
5 45 (3.61%) Tomcat
6 42 (3.37%) Apache
7 31 (2.48%) WebSphere
8 25 (2.00%) SAS
9 24 (1.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 17 (1.36%) Apache Spark
10 17 (1.36%) SharePoint
11 15 (1.20%) Red Hat Fuse
12 14 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
13 11 (0.88%) Oracle Workflow
14 10 (0.80%) Jetty
14 10 (0.80%) WebLogic Portal
15 9 (0.72%) Elasticsearch
16 8 (0.64%) CMS
16 8 (0.64%) NetWeaver
16 8 (0.64%) OpenStack
Applications
1 42 (3.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.20%) Microsoft Project
3 13 (1.04%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.72%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 30 (2.40%) Oracle EBS
2 18 (1.44%) Oracle Applications
3 11 (0.88%) SAP FI-CA
4 9 (0.72%) SAP PSCD
5 7 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
6 6 (0.48%) assyst
6 6 (0.48%) thinkFolio
7 5 (0.40%) ION MarketView
7 5 (0.40%) Magento
8 4 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
8 4 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.32%) SAP HCM
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle E-Business Tax
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle iSupplier
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 3 (0.24%) Summit
10 2 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 184 (14.74%) AWS
2 130 (10.42%) Azure
3 39 (3.13%) GCP
4 36 (2.88%) GitHub
5 35 (2.80%) OpenShift
6 30 (2.40%) Cloud Computing
7 24 (1.92%) AWS CloudFormation
7 24 (1.92%) PaaS
8 21 (1.68%) Microsoft 365
9 18 (1.44%) IaaS
10 17 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
11 16 (1.28%) Serverless
12 15 (1.20%) Amazon S3
13 14 (1.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 14 (1.12%) Power Platform
13 14 (1.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 13 (1.04%) SaaS
15 11 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
16 8 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
16 8 (0.64%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 97 (7.77%) Firewall
2 54 (4.33%) SAN
3 49 (3.93%) TCP/IP
4 48 (3.85%) DNS
5 35 (2.80%) WAN
6 32 (2.56%) HTTP
6 32 (2.56%) LAN
7 28 (2.24%) SSL
8 26 (2.08%) DHCP
9 20 (1.60%) VPN
10 17 (1.36%) Kerberos
11 16 (1.28%) Internet
11 16 (1.28%) Intrusion Detection
11 16 (1.28%) SNMP
12 15 (1.20%) NAS
13 12 (0.96%) SMTP
14 11 (0.88%) VLAN
15 10 (0.80%) Network Security
15 10 (0.80%) SSH
16 9 (0.72%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (11.06%) Relational Database
2 118 (9.46%) SQL Server
3 100 (8.01%) Oracle Database
4 96 (7.69%) MySQL
5 60 (4.81%) MongoDB
6 53 (4.25%) Pentaho
7 48 (3.85%) NoSQL
8 47 (3.77%) Hadoop
9 42 (3.37%) Oracle Database 11g
10 39 (3.13%) Big Data
11 38 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
12 32 (2.56%) DB2
13 30 (2.40%) BusinessObjects
14 29 (2.32%) PostgreSQL
15 24 (1.92%) RDBMS
16 20 (1.60%) MS Access
16 20 (1.60%) Oracle Database 12c
16 20 (1.60%) Oracle Reports
17 19 (1.52%) Oracle Database 10g
18 16 (1.28%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 208 (16.67%) Git (software)
2 146 (11.70%) Jenkins
3 127 (10.18%) JIRA
4 80 (6.41%) Maven
5 78 (6.25%) CA Gen
6 60 (4.81%) Subversion
7 55 (4.41%) Bitbucket
7 55 (4.41%) Cucumber
8 52 (4.17%) JUnit
9 35 (2.80%) GitLab
9 35 (2.80%) Selenium
10 26 (2.08%) Artifactory
10 26 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 25 (2.00%) SoapUI
12 24 (1.92%) Toad
13 22 (1.76%) Mockito
13 22 (1.76%) Sonatype Nexus
14 21 (1.68%) Postman
15 20 (1.60%) TeamCity
16 15 (1.20%) jMock
General
1 193 (15.46%) Finance
2 164 (13.14%) Banking
3 129 (10.34%) Public Sector
4 94 (7.53%) Front Office
5 67 (5.37%) Investment Banking
6 23 (1.84%) Telecoms
7 17 (1.36%) Back Office
8 12 (0.96%) Retail
9 9 (0.72%) Financial Institution
9 9 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
10 8 (0.64%) Law
10 8 (0.64%) Manufacturing
10 8 (0.64%) Marketing
11 6 (0.48%) Publishing
12 4 (0.32%) Advertising
12 4 (0.32%) Electronics
12 4 (0.32%) Games
13 3 (0.24%) General Ledger
13 3 (0.24%) Military
14 2 (0.16%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 395 (31.65%) Developer
2 165 (13.22%) Java Developer
3 107 (8.57%) Analyst
4 62 (4.97%) DevOps Engineer
4 62 (4.97%) Software Engineer
5 58 (4.65%) Consultant
6 57 (4.57%) Senior Developer
7 55 (4.41%) Architect
8 51 (4.09%) DBA
9 48 (3.85%) Integration Developer
10 47 (3.77%) Administrator
11 44 (3.53%) Oracle DBA
12 41 (3.29%) Unix Engineer
13 38 (3.04%) Data Engineer
14 35 (2.80%) Senior Java Developer
15 33 (2.64%) Software Developer
16 31 (2.48%) Support Engineer
17 27 (2.16%) C++ Developer
17 27 (2.16%) Cloud Engineer
17 27 (2.16%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (13.62%) Spring
2 117 (9.38%) Middleware
2 117 (9.38%) XML
3 91 (7.29%) J2EE
4 87 (6.97%) REST
5 81 (6.49%) Web Services
6 75 (6.01%) Apache Camel
7 63 (5.05%) RESTful
8 59 (4.73%) JSON
9 57 (4.57%) Spring Integration
10 55 (4.41%) HTML
11 52 (4.17%) Hibernate
12 47 (3.77%) Kafka
13 46 (3.69%) Spring Boot
14 44 (3.53%) SOAP
15 39 (3.13%) .NET
16 36 (2.88%) CSS
17 32 (2.56%) FIX Protocol
18 31 (2.48%) Node.js
19 29 (2.32%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 95 (7.61%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (3.45%) Data Centre
3 38 (3.04%) Linux Command Line
4 37 (2.96%) Equities
4 37 (2.96%) Fixed Income
5 36 (2.88%) Management Information System
6 35 (2.80%) Clustering
7 32 (2.56%) User Experience
8 24 (1.92%) Algorithms
9 23 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
10 21 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 21 (1.68%) Virtual Team
11 19 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
12 18 (1.44%) Public Cloud
13 16 (1.28%) Data Structures
14 14 (1.12%) Derivative
14 14 (1.12%) SWIFT
15 12 (0.96%) CMDB
16 11 (0.88%) LPAR
16 11 (0.88%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 696 (55.77%) Linux
2 308 (24.68%) Windows
3 98 (7.85%) AIX
4 80 (6.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 50 (4.01%) Solaris
5 50 (4.01%) Windows Server
6 39 (3.13%) Mac OS X
7 21 (1.68%) CentOS
8 12 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
8 12 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.88%) SUSE
10 10 (0.80%) HPUX
11 9 (0.72%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.64%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.56%) VMS
13 7 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.56%) Windows Server 2019
14 6 (0.48%) Data ONTAP
14 6 (0.48%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 352 (28.21%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (14.10%) Problem-Solving
3 175 (14.02%) DevOps
4 163 (13.06%) Configuration Management
5 162 (12.98%) Scrum
6 152 (12.18%) Test Automation
7 137 (10.98%) Software Engineering
8 134 (10.74%) Migration
9 130 (10.42%) TDD
10 126 (10.10%) Microservices
11 121 (9.70%) Data Modelling
12 116 (9.29%) Test Strategy
13 110 (8.81%) ETL
14 104 (8.33%) Process Improvement
15 101 (8.09%) OO
16 94 (7.53%) Business Intelligence
17 93 (7.45%) BDD
18 88 (7.05%) Problem Management
19 80 (6.41%) Continuous Integration
20 73 (5.85%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 535 (42.87%) SQL
2 426 (34.13%) Java
3 254 (20.35%) Python
4 236 (18.91%) Shell Script
5 194 (15.54%) PL/SQL
6 139 (11.14%) Perl
7 93 (7.45%) JavaScript
8 86 (6.89%) PowerShell
9 75 (6.01%) Bash Shell
10 64 (5.13%) C
10 64 (5.13%) C++
11 54 (4.33%) Java 8
12 45 (3.61%) Ruby
13 39 (3.13%) Scala
14 33 (2.64%) COBOL
15 30 (2.40%) Korn
16 25 (2.00%) C#
17 24 (1.92%) VBA
18 20 (1.60%) Go
18 20 (1.60%) PHP
Qualifications
1 215 (17.23%) Security Cleared
2 177 (14.18%) SC Cleared
3 78 (6.25%) Degree
4 37 (2.96%) ISEB
5 32 (2.56%) ISTQB
6 31 (2.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 26 (2.08%) Cisco Certification
8 22 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
9 21 (1.68%) CISSP
9 21 (1.68%) DV Cleared
10 17 (1.36%) CCNP
11 16 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
12 15 (1.20%) CCNA
12 15 (1.20%) GIAC
13 14 (1.12%) AWS Certification
14 12 (0.96%) RHCE
15 10 (0.80%) CISM
16 9 (0.72%) GCIA
17 8 (0.64%) RHCSA
18 7 (0.56%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (4.73%) QA
2 20 (1.60%) SLA
3 19 (1.52%) GDPR
4 11 (0.88%) COBIT
4 11 (0.88%) NIST
4 11 (0.88%) PCI DSS
5 9 (0.72%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.56%) PMO
6 7 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (0.48%) WCAG
8 5 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.24%) COREP
9 3 (0.24%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.24%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.24%) HL7
9 3 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.24%) RMADS
10 2 (0.16%) CRD IV
10 2 (0.16%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.16%) NIST 800
System Software
1 223 (17.87%) Docker
2 80 (6.41%) Active Directory
3 79 (6.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (2.24%) Oracle RAC
4 28 (2.24%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (2.08%) Hyper-V
6 16 (1.28%) VMware ESXi
7 15 (1.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 14 (1.12%) NFS
9 11 (0.88%) GPFS
9 11 (0.88%) HDFS
9 11 (0.88%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 10 (0.80%) PowerHA
10 10 (0.80%) vSphere
11 9 (0.72%) Firmware
11 9 (0.72%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 8 (0.64%) Oracle Clusterware
13 6 (0.48%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.48%) Sendmail
13 6 (0.48%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 190 (15.22%) Kubernetes
2 124 (9.94%) Ansible
3 83 (6.65%) Puppet
4 65 (5.21%) Opscode Chef
5 58 (4.65%) Terraform
6 33 (2.64%) Oracle RMAN
7 24 (1.92%) Tivoli
8 18 (1.44%) Data Guard
9 16 (1.28%) Prometheus
10 13 (1.04%) Grafana
10 13 (1.04%) NetBackup
10 13 (1.04%) Salt
11 12 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
12 11 (0.88%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 10 (0.80%) Control-M
13 10 (0.80%) Nagios
14 9 (0.72%) Avamar
14 9 (0.72%) Failover Clustering
14 9 (0.72%) HP ALM
15 8 (0.64%) Istio
Vendors
1 430 (34.46%) Oracle
2 119 (9.54%) VMware
3 111 (8.89%) Microsoft
4 110 (8.81%) IBM
5 90 (7.21%) Red Hat
6 86 (6.89%) Informatica
7 81 (6.49%) webMethods
8 61 (4.89%) BEA
9 52 (4.17%) Splunk
10 49 (3.93%) SAP
11 41 (3.29%) Pega
12 39 (3.13%) CA
13 37 (2.96%) Sybase
14 35 (2.80%) Cisco
15 34 (2.72%) Google
15 34 (2.72%) HP
16 30 (2.40%) CyberArk
17 26 (2.08%) Talend
18 25 (2.00%) ServiceNow
19 24 (1.92%) EMC