Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 45 33 31
Rank change year-on-year -12 -2 -2
Contract jobs citing Unix 4794 5298 6004
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.65% 5.03% 5.28%
As % of the Operating Systems category 22.22% 23.42% 24.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 2978 3264 3551
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - +0.59%
10th Percentile £313 £285 £294
90th Percentile £625 £599 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £395 £400
% change year-on-year +7.59% -1.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 83 70 108
UK median hourly rate £30.75 £33.08 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.04% -10.60% +21.31%
10th Percentile £13.82 £17.33 £16.03
90th Percentile £47.38 £50.50 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £37.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -5.41% +23.33%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21572 22626 24324
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.92% 21.49% 21.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 13717 14257 14328
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
10th Percentile £170 £200 £185
90th Percentile £600 £575 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £362
% change year-on-year +1.35% +2.21% +8.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1302 1307 1945
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.29 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.43% -1.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.46
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £15.50 £16.16
% change year-on-year +6.45% -4.08% +4.26%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unix.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 4365 £475 +11.76% 456
London -3 2444 £525 +10.53% 242
UK excluding London -17 2276 £425 +7.59% 248
South East -5 788 £438 +9.38% 71
North of England -17 470 £425 +13.33% 57
Midlands -8 301 £375 -9.64% 35
Scotland -14 204 £413 +7.14% 26
East of England -12 190 £450 +28.57% 36
North West -15 187 £425 +3.03% 32
Yorkshire -9 176 £450 +5.88% 19
West Midlands -13 166 £400 -5.88% 19
South West -18 160 £414 +10.33% 15
Northern Ireland +21 136 £413 -28.26% 4
North East -3 125 £400 +25.00% 6
East Midlands -5 124 £363 -9.49% 16
Wales -5 35 £401 -15.68% 4

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 2977 (62.10%) Linux
2 1744 (36.38%) Java
3 1589 (33.15%) SQL
4 1305 (27.22%) Oracle
5 1275 (26.60%) Windows
6 1220 (25.45%) Agile Software Development
7 1178 (24.57%) Finance
8 1068 (22.28%) Python
9 882 (18.40%) DevOps
10 779 (16.25%) Banking
11 749 (15.62%) Git (software)
12 738 (15.39%) Shell Script
13 737 (15.37%) Perl
14 636 (13.27%) Jenkins
15 597 (12.45%) Relational Database
16 565 (11.79%) Solaris
17 560 (11.68%) Red Hat
18 542 (11.31%) Analytical Skills
19 533 (11.12%) Amazon AWS
20 529 (11.03%) Security Cleared
21 515 (10.74%) JavaScript
22 494 (10.30%) Puppet
23 480 (10.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
24 477 (9.95%) Ansible
25 471 (9.82%) Continuous Integration
26 455 (9.49%) Test Automation
27 414 (8.64%) JIRA
28 411 (8.57%) Docker
29 408 (8.51%) Firewall
30 402 (8.39%) Configuration Management

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 355 (7.41%) Apache
2 319 (6.65%) Tomcat
3 286 (5.97%) JBoss
4 268 (5.59%) WebLogic
5 209 (4.36%) Confluence
6 154 (3.21%) WebSphere
7 152 (3.17%) Apache Spark
8 125 (2.61%) IIS
9 87 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
10 86 (1.79%) SAS
11 82 (1.71%) OpenStack
12 72 (1.50%) WildFly
13 69 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 60 (1.25%) nginx
15 58 (1.21%) MQSeries
16 57 (1.19%) MS Exchange
17 52 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
17 52 (1.08%) Oracle Application Server
18 50 (1.04%) iPlanet
18 50 (1.04%) SharePoint
Applications
1 87 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
2 86 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 57 (1.19%) MS Visio
4 32 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.35%) HipChat
7 10 (0.21%) Pipeline Pilot
8 7 (0.15%) SPSS
9 4 (0.083%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.083%) Spreadsheet
10 3 (0.063%) InVision
11 2 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.042%) Weka
12 1 (0.021%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.021%) Stata
12 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 37 (0.77%) Oracle Applications
2 36 (0.75%) Oracle BPM
3 30 (0.63%) SAP ERP
4 28 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
5 27 (0.56%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 26 (0.54%) ION MarketView
7 24 (0.50%) RMDS
8 20 (0.42%) Magento
9 16 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
9 16 (0.33%) Temenos T24
10 15 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
11 14 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
12 13 (0.27%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 12 (0.25%) Sonata
14 11 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
15 10 (0.21%) Oracle Utilities
16 9 (0.19%) Unica
17 8 (0.17%) Siebel CRM
18 7 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
18 7 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 533 (11.12%) Amazon AWS
2 208 (4.34%) Microsoft Azure
3 127 (2.65%) GitHub
4 87 (1.81%) PaaS
5 80 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
6 66 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
7 58 (1.21%) IaaS
8 50 (1.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 46 (0.96%) OpenShift
10 45 (0.94%) Amazon S3
11 34 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
11 34 (0.71%) Google Cloud Platform
11 34 (0.71%) npm
12 33 (0.69%) Serverless
13 31 (0.65%) Office 365
13 31 (0.65%) SaaS
14 29 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
14 29 (0.60%) Route 53
15 24 (0.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 19 (0.40%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 408 (8.51%) Firewall
2 394 (8.22%) TCP/IP
3 258 (5.38%) SAN
4 235 (4.90%) HTTP
5 213 (4.44%) DNS
6 165 (3.44%) LDAP
7 157 (3.27%) SSL
8 143 (2.98%) Internet
9 138 (2.88%) NAS
10 112 (2.34%) WAN
11 100 (2.09%) LAN
12 90 (1.88%) SSH
13 89 (1.86%) Network Security
13 89 (1.86%) VPN
14 70 (1.46%) Kerberos
15 57 (1.19%) DHCP
16 48 (1.00%) Fibre Channel
17 37 (0.77%) FTP
18 35 (0.73%) Intrusion Detection
19 32 (0.67%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 597 (12.45%) Relational Database
2 349 (7.28%) SQL Server
3 346 (7.22%) Oracle Database
4 278 (5.80%) MySQL
5 267 (5.57%) RDBMS
6 251 (5.24%) NoSQL
7 244 (5.09%) Hadoop
8 236 (4.92%) Big Data
9 189 (3.94%) MongoDB
10 165 (3.44%) DB2
10 165 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
11 122 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 115 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
13 105 (2.19%) Apache Hive
14 89 (1.86%) Oracle Database 11g
15 81 (1.69%) HBase
16 70 (1.46%) Oracle Database 12c
17 57 (1.19%) KDB
18 51 (1.06%) Redis
19 48 (1.00%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 749 (15.62%) Git (software)
2 636 (13.27%) Jenkins
3 414 (8.64%) JIRA
4 366 (7.63%) Maven
5 279 (5.82%) Subversion
6 252 (5.26%) JUnit
7 162 (3.38%) Mockito
8 132 (2.75%) Selenium
9 129 (2.69%) Cucumber
10 102 (2.13%) TeamCity
11 87 (1.81%) Vagrant
12 86 (1.79%) Gradle
13 83 (1.73%) Sonatype Nexus
14 82 (1.71%) Eclipse
15 75 (1.56%) Artifactory
16 74 (1.54%) IntelliJ
17 73 (1.52%) Bitbucket
18 60 (1.25%) SonarQube
19 58 (1.21%) Checkstyle
19 58 (1.21%) Liquibase
General
1 1178 (24.57%) Finance
2 779 (16.25%) Banking
3 316 (6.59%) Front Office
4 294 (6.13%) Investment Banking
5 135 (2.82%) Telecoms
6 124 (2.59%) Retail
7 84 (1.75%) Games
8 64 (1.34%) Marketing
9 62 (1.29%) Financial Institution
10 56 (1.17%) Manufacturing
11 42 (0.88%) Legal
11 42 (0.88%) Retail Banking
12 39 (0.81%) Back Office
13 37 (0.77%) Electronics
14 30 (0.63%) Law
15 18 (0.38%) Publishing
16 17 (0.35%) Billing
17 14 (0.29%) Advertising
18 12 (0.25%) International Banking
19 11 (0.23%) Military
Job Titles
1 1449 (30.23%) Developer
2 625 (13.04%) Java Developer
3 436 (9.09%) Analyst
4 416 (8.68%) DevOps Engineer
5 395 (8.24%) Administrator
6 292 (6.09%) Consultant
7 249 (5.19%) Unix Engineer
8 242 (5.05%) Architect
9 241 (5.03%) Senior Developer
10 208 (4.34%) Linux Engineer
11 203 (4.23%) Systems Administrator
12 163 (3.40%) C++ Developer
13 159 (3.32%) Unix Administrator
14 150 (3.13%) Support Analyst
15 140 (2.92%) Senior Java Developer
16 132 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
17 130 (2.71%) Applications Support
18 129 (2.69%) AWS DevOps
18 129 (2.69%) DBA
19 112 (2.34%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 402 (8.39%) Web Services
2 398 (8.30%) XML
3 390 (8.14%) Spring
4 338 (7.05%) HTML
5 320 (6.68%) Middleware
6 319 (6.65%) REST
7 312 (6.51%) RESTful
8 276 (5.76%) J2EE
9 245 (5.11%) JSON
10 227 (4.74%) CSS
11 221 (4.61%) .NET
12 196 (4.09%) SOAP
13 190 (3.96%) Hibernate
14 186 (3.88%) FIX Protocol
15 176 (3.67%) Kafka
16 163 (3.40%) JMS
17 153 (3.19%) AngularJS
18 152 (3.17%) Node.js
19 139 (2.90%) HTML5
20 136 (2.84%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 542 (11.31%) Analytical Skills
2 207 (4.32%) Data Centre
3 205 (4.28%) Linux Command Line
4 202 (4.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 171 (3.57%) Computer Science
6 149 (3.11%) Equities
7 143 (2.98%) Management Information System
8 138 (2.88%) Fixed Income
9 114 (2.38%) Clustering
10 93 (1.94%) Derivative
11 87 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
12 84 (1.75%) PKI
13 78 (1.63%) Replication
14 77 (1.61%) Mainframe
15 74 (1.54%) Data Structures
16 73 (1.52%) Greenfield Project
17 68 (1.42%) Virtual Team
18 51 (1.06%) Algorithms
19 50 (1.04%) Public Cloud
20 49 (1.02%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 2977 (62.10%) Linux
2 1275 (26.60%) Windows
3 565 (11.79%) Solaris
4 480 (10.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 336 (7.01%) AIX
6 235 (4.90%) Windows Server
7 176 (3.67%) Mac OS X
8 122 (2.54%) HPUX
9 103 (2.15%) CentOS
10 96 (2.00%) SUSE
11 78 (1.63%) Windows Server 2008
12 67 (1.40%) VMS
13 66 (1.38%) Windows Server 2012
14 60 (1.25%) Ubuntu
15 53 (1.11%) Windows Server 2003
16 49 (1.02%) Windows XP
17 46 (0.96%) Mac OS
18 40 (0.83%) Apple iOS
19 38 (0.79%) Android
20 33 (0.69%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1220 (25.45%) Agile Software Development
2 882 (18.40%) DevOps
3 471 (9.82%) Continuous Integration
4 455 (9.49%) Test Automation
5 402 (8.39%) Configuration Management
6 384 (8.01%) Scrum
7 371 (7.74%) TDD
8 346 (7.22%) ITIL
9 324 (6.76%) OO
10 305 (6.36%) Migration
11 268 (5.59%) Microservices
12 254 (5.30%) SDLC
13 249 (5.19%) Open Source
14 240 (5.01%) High Availability
15 235 (4.90%) Multithreading
16 232 (4.84%) Software Engineering
17 224 (4.67%) Mentoring
18 222 (4.63%) Load Balancing
19 204 (4.26%) Analytics
19 204 (4.26%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 1744 (36.38%) Java
2 1589 (33.15%) SQL
3 1068 (22.28%) Python
4 738 (15.39%) Shell Script
5 737 (15.37%) Perl
6 515 (10.74%) JavaScript
7 396 (8.26%) Bash Shell
8 326 (6.80%) C++
9 277 (5.78%) PL/SQL
10 262 (5.47%) Ruby
11 218 (4.55%) Scala
12 174 (3.63%) Korn
13 172 (3.59%) PowerShell
14 169 (3.53%) C#
15 163 (3.40%) C
16 130 (2.71%) PHP
17 78 (1.63%) Go
18 61 (1.27%) Groovy
19 60 (1.25%) R
20 56 (1.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 529 (11.03%) Security Cleared
2 365 (7.61%) SC Cleared
3 299 (6.24%) Degree
4 110 (2.29%) CISSP
5 83 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 64 (1.34%) DV Cleared
7 48 (1.00%) CISM
8 42 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
9 41 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
10 39 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
11 36 (0.75%) SANS
12 30 (0.63%) ISEB
13 27 (0.56%) ISTQB
13 27 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
13 27 (0.56%) RHCE
14 25 (0.52%) CCNA
15 23 (0.48%) CEH
15 23 (0.48%) MCSE
16 19 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 17 (0.35%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (3.98%) QA
2 79 (1.65%) SLA
3 69 (1.44%) MiFID
4 45 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 38 (0.79%) PCI DSS
6 34 (0.71%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 26 (0.54%) Data Quality
8 20 (0.42%) GDPR
9 15 (0.31%) GCP
10 13 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.25%) TARGET2
12 11 (0.23%) COBIT
13 8 (0.17%) PMO
14 7 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
15 6 (0.13%) EMIR
15 6 (0.13%) ISO 8583
15 6 (0.13%) JSP 440
16 5 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
16 5 (0.10%) RMADS
16 5 (0.10%) SEPA
System Software
1 411 (8.57%) Docker
2 236 (4.92%) Active Directory
3 185 (3.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 94 (1.96%) NFS
5 83 (1.73%) Hyper-V
6 78 (1.63%) VMware ESXi
7 74 (1.54%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 73 (1.52%) HDFS
9 68 (1.42%) Oracle RAC
9 68 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
10 53 (1.11%) Samba
11 49 (1.02%) vSphere
12 46 (0.96%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 43 (0.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 38 (0.79%) Xen
15 37 (0.77%) KVM
15 37 (0.77%) Veritas File System
16 33 (0.69%) Apache Flume
17 23 (0.48%) RACF
18 21 (0.44%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 494 (10.30%) Puppet
2 477 (9.95%) Ansible
3 287 (5.99%) Opscode Chef
4 156 (3.25%) logstash
5 155 (3.23%) Kubernetes
6 120 (2.50%) Kibana
7 102 (2.13%) Terraform
8 100 (2.09%) Grafana
9 98 (2.04%) Nagios
10 93 (1.94%) NetBackup
11 72 (1.50%) ITRS Geneos
12 59 (1.23%) Control-M
13 50 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
14 46 (0.96%) Tivoli
15 42 (0.88%) BladeLogic
16 38 (0.79%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 38 (0.79%) Rancher
16 38 (0.79%) ZABBIX
17 36 (0.75%) Data Guard
18 35 (0.73%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 1305 (27.22%) Oracle
2 560 (11.68%) Red Hat
3 358 (7.47%) Microsoft
4 312 (6.51%) IBM
5 301 (6.28%) VMware
6 268 (5.59%) Splunk
7 245 (5.11%) HP
7 245 (5.11%) Sybase
8 188 (3.92%) Cisco
9 171 (3.57%) Veritas
10 163 (3.40%) Sun
11 147 (3.07%) SAP
12 109 (2.27%) F5
13 103 (2.15%) AppDynamics
14 101 (2.11%) Citrix
15 97 (2.02%) EMC
16 94 (1.96%) NetApp
17 83 (1.73%) Atlassian
18 72 (1.50%) CyberArk
19 69 (1.44%) TIBCO