Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unix
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 109 83 92
Rank change year-on-year -26 +9 -28
Contract jobs citing Unix 2,023 1,110 1,831
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.34% 2.77% 2.51%
As % of the Operating Systems category 15.11% 15.38% 11.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,433 717 1,108
10th Percentile £388 £331 £313
25th Percentile £450 £400 £380
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.77% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £656 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £700 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £428 £425
% change year-on-year +10.98% +0.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 27 21
10th Percentile £36.65 £27.00 £18.50
25th Percentile £40.00 £31.25 £20.50
Median hourly rate £46.81 £40.00 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.02% - +7.38%
75th Percentile £51.76 £53.75 £45.00
90th Percentile £61.39 £60.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.46 £37.00 £40.35
% change year-on-year +30.97% -8.30% +15.29%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 13,385 7,219 15,379
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.46% 17.99% 21.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,295 4,674 9,779
10th Percentile £163 £160 £140
25th Percentile £325 £313 £250
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £493 £430 £410
Median % change year-on-year +14.59% +4.88% -3.53%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £525
90th Percentile £680 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £388
% change year-on-year +6.67% -3.23% -3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 661 423 1,153
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.17 £11.26
25th Percentile £14.62 £13.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - +2.94%
75th Percentile £48.58 £42.00 £25.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £54.00 £48.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.47 £16.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% -0.18% +3.13%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Daily rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Hourly rate trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -31 1,615 £550 +10.00% 341
London +12 984 £600 +4.35% 172
UK excluding London -48 662 £475 +10.98% 208
Work from Home -12 609 £530 +17.78% 50
Midlands -35 163 £495 +27.22% 38
South East -29 146 £500 +1.01% 43
North of England -25 135 £450 - 46
West Midlands -36 134 £495 +23.75% 27
Scotland -27 95 £459 +7.94% 30
North West +2 84 £450 +7.46% 25
East of England -49 46 £469 +7.76% 17
Yorkshire -15 43 £500 -4.76% 12
South West -39 38 £425 -15.00% 21
Northern Ireland +17 29 £325 -24.42% 7
East Midlands -35 25 £475 +22.49% 10
Wales -27 13 £500 +2.56% 6
North East -24 8 £341 -24.17% 9

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 1,260 (62.28%) Linux
2 751 (37.12%) SQL
3 743 (36.73%) Java
4 668 (33.02%) Agile Software Development
5 602 (29.76%) Oracle
6 588 (29.07%) Windows
7 517 (25.56%) Social Skills
8 513 (25.36%) Python
9 453 (22.39%) AWS
10 445 (22.00%) Finance
11 406 (20.07%) Jenkins
12 402 (19.87%) Git (software)
13 378 (18.69%) Shell Script
14 360 (17.80%) DevOps
15 343 (16.96%) Azure
16 304 (15.03%) Banking
17 297 (14.68%) Test Automation
18 293 (14.48%) JIRA
19 291 (14.38%) Docker
20 281 (13.89%) Ansible
20 281 (13.89%) Kubernetes
20 281 (13.89%) SQL Server
21 257 (12.70%) Problem-Solving
22 255 (12.61%) JavaScript
23 244 (12.06%) Microsoft
24 236 (11.67%) Microservices
25 222 (10.97%) Spring
26 219 (10.83%) TDD
27 214 (10.58%) Bash
28 205 (10.13%) Analytical Skills

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (7.46%) Confluence
2 111 (5.49%) Apache
3 109 (5.39%) WebLogic
4 77 (3.81%) Tomcat
5 74 (3.66%) Apache Spark
6 73 (3.61%) IIS
7 67 (3.31%) JBoss
8 59 (2.92%) WebSphere
9 48 (2.37%) Red Hat Fuse
10 46 (2.27%) Mule
11 45 (2.22%) SAS
12 39 (1.93%) CMS
13 27 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
14 26 (1.29%) SharePoint
15 25 (1.24%) OpenStack
15 25 (1.24%) WebSphere Application Server
16 20 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
17 16 (0.79%) MS Exchange
18 14 (0.69%) nginx
19 12 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 55 (2.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (2.17%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (1.78%) MS Visio
4 27 (1.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 23 (1.14%) Microsoft Project
6 21 (1.04%) Siemens NX
7 5 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.049%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 25 (1.24%) Teamcenter
2 21 (1.04%) BusinessWorks
2 21 (1.04%) ION MarketView
3 17 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
4 14 (0.69%) SAP FI-CA
4 14 (0.69%) SAP PSCD
4 14 (0.69%) TIBCO iProcess
5 9 (0.44%) Sentinel
6 8 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.25%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
7 5 (0.25%) SAP HCM
8 4 (0.20%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
9 3 (0.15%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
9 3 (0.15%) RMDS
9 3 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.15%) Temenos Globus
9 3 (0.15%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 453 (22.39%) AWS
2 343 (16.96%) Azure
3 121 (5.98%) PaaS
4 105 (5.19%) IaaS
5 100 (4.94%) GCP
6 98 (4.84%) GitHub
7 75 (3.71%) Amazon S3
8 58 (2.87%) Microsoft 365
9 55 (2.72%) SaaS
10 51 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
11 45 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
12 42 (2.08%) Azure Active Directory
13 37 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 35 (1.73%) Serverless
15 33 (1.63%) OpenShift
15 33 (1.63%) Power Platform
16 28 (1.38%) NuGet
17 27 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
18 26 (1.29%) Amazon EKS
19 18 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 160 (7.91%) Firewall
2 102 (5.04%) HTTP
3 99 (4.89%) DNS
4 97 (4.79%) SAN
5 96 (4.75%) TCP/IP
6 86 (4.25%) Network Security
7 63 (3.11%) SSL
8 56 (2.77%) WAN
9 46 (2.27%) NAS
10 42 (2.08%) VPN
11 40 (1.98%) DHCP
12 38 (1.88%) LAN
13 29 (1.43%) Internet
14 25 (1.24%) Kerberos
15 22 (1.09%) HTTPS
16 20 (0.99%) SNMP
17 17 (0.84%) IPsec
17 17 (0.84%) MPLS
18 15 (0.74%) iSCSI
19 14 (0.69%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 281 (13.89%) SQL Server
2 203 (10.03%) Relational Database
3 147 (7.27%) MySQL
4 119 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
5 112 (5.54%) Oracle Database
6 106 (5.24%) MongoDB
7 101 (4.99%) Data Warehouse
8 82 (4.05%) Hadoop
9 81 (4.00%) Big Data
9 81 (4.00%) NoSQL
10 60 (2.97%) Apache Hive
11 50 (2.47%) RDBMS
12 43 (2.13%) DB2
12 43 (2.13%) Tableau
13 42 (2.08%) BusinessObjects
14 41 (2.03%) HBase
15 40 (1.98%) Metadata
16 37 (1.83%) Data Lake
17 32 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
17 32 (1.58%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 406 (20.07%) Jenkins
2 402 (19.87%) Git (software)
3 293 (14.48%) JIRA
4 111 (5.49%) Cucumber
4 111 (5.49%) Selenium
5 102 (5.04%) Bitbucket
6 95 (4.70%) GitLab
7 91 (4.50%) Maven
8 75 (3.71%) Subversion
9 63 (3.11%) Sonatype Nexus
10 51 (2.52%) Artifactory
10 51 (2.52%) SonarQube
11 50 (2.47%) TeamCity
12 39 (1.93%) Mockito
13 37 (1.83%) SoapUI
14 33 (1.63%) CircleCI
15 31 (1.53%) Postman
16 30 (1.48%) Robot Framework
17 26 (1.29%) Toad
18 25 (1.24%) JUnit
General
1 517 (25.56%) Social Skills
2 445 (22.00%) Finance
3 304 (15.03%) Banking
4 205 (10.13%) Analytical Skills
5 176 (8.70%) Public Sector
6 162 (8.01%) Investment Banking
7 159 (7.86%) Front Office
8 49 (2.42%) Telecoms
9 43 (2.13%) Presentation Skills
10 42 (2.08%) Manufacturing
11 35 (1.73%) Financial Institution
12 32 (1.58%) Back Office
13 30 (1.48%) Publishing
14 26 (1.29%) Documentation Skills
14 26 (1.29%) Retail
15 24 (1.19%) Marketing
16 20 (0.99%) Organisational Skills
17 14 (0.69%) Electronics
18 13 (0.64%) Influencing Skills
19 11 (0.54%) Legal
Job Titles
1 578 (28.57%) Developer
2 266 (13.15%) Java Developer
3 157 (7.76%) Architect
4 155 (7.66%) Analyst
5 118 (5.83%) DevOps Engineer
6 103 (5.09%) Consultant
7 99 (4.89%) Data Engineer
8 93 (4.60%) Administrator
9 84 (4.15%) Senior Developer
10 80 (3.95%) Unix Engineer
11 60 (2.97%) Support Engineer
12 48 (2.37%) Cloud Engineer
12 48 (2.37%) DBA
13 47 (2.32%) Solutions Architect
14 43 (2.13%) AWS Engineer
15 42 (2.08%) Linux Engineer
15 42 (2.08%) Tester
16 41 (2.03%) Software Engineer
17 39 (1.93%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 39 (1.93%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (10.97%) Spring
2 162 (8.01%) REST
2 162 (8.01%) XML
3 140 (6.92%) JSON
4 136 (6.72%) Middleware
5 121 (5.98%) HTML
6 114 (5.64%) Web Services
7 113 (5.59%) J2EE
8 108 (5.34%) Kafka
9 102 (5.04%) CSS
10 93 (4.60%) RESTful
11 92 (4.55%) SOAP
12 89 (4.40%) Spring Boot
13 76 (3.76%) React
14 69 (3.41%) Apache Camel
15 67 (3.31%) .NET
16 55 (2.72%) Hibernate
17 53 (2.62%) Elastic Stack
18 49 (2.42%) LDAP
19 48 (2.37%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 102 (5.04%) Data Centre
2 87 (4.30%) Public Cloud
3 83 (4.10%) Cloud Native
4 70 (3.46%) Management Information System
5 62 (3.06%) Data Protection Act
6 61 (3.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 56 (2.77%) Derivative
8 55 (2.72%) User Experience
9 54 (2.67%) Fixed Income
10 45 (2.22%) Algorithms
10 45 (2.22%) Data Structures
11 42 (2.08%) Linux Command Line
12 39 (1.93%) PKI
13 35 (1.73%) Equities
14 33 (1.63%) Clustering
15 24 (1.19%) Greenfield Project
15 24 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
15 24 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
16 21 (1.04%) Private Cloud
17 19 (0.94%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 1,260 (62.28%) Linux
2 588 (29.07%) Windows
3 158 (7.81%) Solaris
4 153 (7.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 103 (5.09%) Windows Server
6 88 (4.35%) AIX
7 72 (3.56%) Mac OS X
8 49 (2.42%) Mac OS
9 45 (2.22%) Ubuntu
10 32 (1.58%) SUSE
11 31 (1.53%) CentOS
12 26 (1.29%) Oracle Linux
13 17 (0.84%) Windows 10
13 17 (0.84%) Windows Server 2008
14 14 (0.69%) HPUX
14 14 (0.69%) Mesosphere
15 13 (0.64%) VMS
15 13 (0.64%) Windows Server 2016
16 12 (0.59%) Debian
16 12 (0.59%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 668 (33.02%) Agile Software Development
2 360 (17.80%) DevOps
3 297 (14.68%) Test Automation
4 257 (12.70%) Problem-Solving
5 236 (11.67%) Microservices
6 219 (10.83%) TDD
7 203 (10.03%) Migration
8 185 (9.14%) Configuration Management
9 174 (8.60%) ITIL
10 172 (8.50%) Scrum
11 163 (8.06%) Continuous Integration
12 145 (7.17%) Data Modelling
13 140 (6.92%) Analytics
14 138 (6.82%) Software Engineering
15 126 (6.23%) BDD
16 125 (6.18%) ETL
17 122 (6.03%) Business Intelligence
18 105 (5.19%) SDLC
19 104 (5.14%) Release Management
20 102 (5.04%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 751 (37.12%) SQL
2 743 (36.73%) Java
3 513 (25.36%) Python
4 378 (18.69%) Shell Script
5 255 (12.61%) JavaScript
6 214 (10.58%) Bash
7 195 (9.64%) PL/SQL
8 177 (8.75%) Perl
9 111 (5.49%) PowerShell
10 104 (5.14%) Ruby
11 93 (4.60%) Java 8
12 75 (3.71%) Scala
13 70 (3.46%) C#
14 62 (3.06%) C++
15 60 (2.97%) Groovy
16 45 (2.22%) Go
17 34 (1.68%) Java 11
18 31 (1.53%) R
19 28 (1.38%) C
20 24 (1.19%) PHP
Qualifications
1 173 (8.55%) Security Cleared
2 150 (7.41%) SC Cleared
3 114 (5.64%) Degree
4 47 (2.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 46 (2.27%) ISEB
6 43 (2.13%) ISTQB
7 37 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
8 28 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
9 24 (1.19%) CISSP
10 22 (1.09%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.89%) CISM
12 15 (0.74%) CISA
13 14 (0.69%) AWS Certification
13 14 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
13 14 (0.69%) PMP
14 11 (0.54%) RHCSA
15 10 (0.49%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 9 (0.44%) CEH
16 9 (0.44%) RHCE
17 8 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (4.94%) QA
2 60 (2.97%) Accessibility
3 30 (1.48%) GDPR
4 25 (1.24%) SLA
5 17 (0.84%) COBIT
6 16 (0.79%) NIST
7 15 (0.74%) Dodd-Frank
7 15 (0.74%) EMIR
7 15 (0.74%) MiFID
8 14 (0.69%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 9 (0.44%) Data Quality
11 8 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 6 (0.30%) HL7
13 5 (0.25%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
14 4 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
15 3 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 291 (14.38%) Docker
2 146 (7.22%) Active Directory
3 98 (4.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (2.57%) NFS
5 44 (2.17%) Oracle RAC
6 31 (1.53%) Virtual Machines
7 27 (1.33%) HDFS
8 18 (0.89%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.69%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 14 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.69%) vSphere
10 11 (0.54%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 10 (0.49%) Firmware
11 10 (0.49%) KVM
12 9 (0.44%) VMware Workstation
13 8 (0.40%) Ceph
13 8 (0.40%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 8 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
14 7 (0.35%) SRDF
14 7 (0.35%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 281 (13.89%) Ansible
1 281 (13.89%) Kubernetes
2 196 (9.69%) Terraform
3 87 (4.30%) Puppet
4 64 (3.16%) BladeLogic
5 53 (2.62%) ITRS Geneos
6 48 (2.37%) Grafana
7 42 (2.08%) Kibana
8 37 (1.83%) Opscode Chef
9 36 (1.78%) Oracle RMAN
10 34 (1.68%) Prometheus
11 29 (1.43%) Nagios
12 28 (1.38%) NetBackup
12 28 (1.38%) Single Sign-On
13 27 (1.33%) Netcool
14 25 (1.24%) Data Guard
15 24 (1.19%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 19 (0.94%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 16 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
17 16 (0.79%) Packer
Vendors
1 602 (29.76%) Oracle
2 244 (12.06%) Microsoft
3 148 (7.32%) VMware
4 124 (6.13%) Red Hat
5 119 (5.88%) Splunk
6 114 (5.64%) IBM
7 107 (5.29%) Informatica
8 88 (4.35%) Google
9 70 (3.46%) SAP
10 62 (3.06%) AppDynamics
10 62 (3.06%) Sybase
11 60 (2.97%) webMethods
12 57 (2.82%) TIBCO
13 56 (2.77%) Cisco
14 51 (2.52%) Citrix
15 48 (2.37%) EMC
16 45 (2.22%) CyberArk
17 39 (1.93%) NetApp
18 38 (1.88%) BEA
19 35 (1.73%) HP