Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for VMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VMS over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

VMS
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 712 741 807
Rank change year-on-year +29 +66 +25
Contract jobs citing VMS 198 154 83
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.19% 0.15% 0.081%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.90% 0.72% 0.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 151 97 54
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +16.67% +5.88%
10th Percentile £369 £285 £322
90th Percentile £575 £575 £626
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £388 £376
% change year-on-year +19.35% +3.06% -11.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 8 0
UK median hourly rate £15.50 £26.35 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -41.17% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £26.35 -
% change year-on-year -41.17% - -

VMS is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 22,093 21,493 21,708
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.96% 20.82% 21.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,699 13,722 13,678
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £163 £170 £193
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +4.00% +2.74% +0.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,490 1,276 1,287
UK median hourly rate £17.43 £17.50 £16.29
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.40% +7.43% -1.27%
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.61
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £44.35
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.62 £15.63
% change year-on-year -0.74% +6.38% -2.77%

VMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VMS in the UK

VMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for VMS in the UK

VMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VMS over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VMS in the UK

VMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VMS in the UK

VMS
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VMS within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 191 £550 +4.76% 37
London +33 115 £550 - 19
UK excluding London +13 84 £463 +19.35% 20
North of England +15 38 £455 +21.33% 4
Yorkshire +14 25 £550 +243.75% 2
South East -6 15 £488 +82.24% 6
Midlands -8 11 £500 +212.50% 4
North West -16 10 £425 -10.53% 2
South West -42 10 £413 - 3
East Midlands +8 8 £475 -24.00% 2
Wales - 5 £413 - 1
East of England +1 3 £575 +4.55% 1
North East -4 3 £525 +50.00%
West Midlands -20 3 £525 +228.13% 1
Scotland -14 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing VMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for VMS.

1 115 (58.08%) Agile Software Development
2 103 (52.02%) Vagrant
3 99 (50.00%) Domain-Driven Design
4 96 (48.48%) Java
5 94 (47.47%) Microservices
6 91 (45.96%) Git (software)
7 90 (45.45%) Test Automation
8 86 (43.43%) JIRA
9 81 (40.91%) Confluence
9 81 (40.91%) CQRS
10 79 (39.90%) Java 8
10 79 (39.90%) RESTful
11 78 (39.39%) Hibernate
11 78 (39.39%) JUnit
12 77 (38.89%) Maven
13 76 (38.38%) Dependency Injection
14 73 (36.87%) Unix
15 72 (36.36%) OO
16 68 (34.34%) JMS
16 68 (34.34%) Mockito
16 68 (34.34%) Relational Database
17 67 (33.84%) REST
17 67 (33.84%) Linux Command Line
18 66 (33.33%) WireMock
18 66 (33.33%) JAX-RS
18 66 (33.33%) JPQL
18 66 (33.33%) WildFly
18 66 (33.33%) Liquibase
18 66 (33.33%) SonarQube
18 66 (33.33%) Lambda Expressions

VMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (40.91%) Confluence
2 66 (33.33%) WildFly
3 9 (4.55%) WebSphere
4 6 (3.03%) MQSeries
5 4 (2.02%) OpenStack
6 2 (1.01%) IIS
6 2 (1.01%) nginx
6 2 (1.01%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.51%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 5 (2.53%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 62 (31.31%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (18.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (12.12%) IaaS
4 22 (11.11%) Amazon EC2
5 18 (9.09%) PaaS
6 10 (5.05%) Serverless
7 6 (3.03%) Amazon ELB
7 6 (3.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 4 (2.02%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (1.52%) Google Cloud Platform
9 3 (1.52%) Office 365
10 2 (1.01%) GitHub
11 1 (0.51%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.51%) Mimecast
11 1 (0.51%) SaaS
11 1 (0.51%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (6.57%) Firewall
2 7 (3.54%) DNS
3 6 (3.03%) Internet
4 3 (1.52%) Network Security
4 3 (1.52%) SAN
4 3 (1.52%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.52%) WAN
5 2 (1.01%) LAN
5 2 (1.01%) Remote Desktop
5 2 (1.01%) VPN
6 1 (0.51%) Cisco Firepower
6 1 (0.51%) Cisco IOS
6 1 (0.51%) DHCP
6 1 (0.51%) Fibre Channel
6 1 (0.51%) Intranet
6 1 (0.51%) Junos
6 1 (0.51%) NetScaler
6 1 (0.51%) OpenFlow
6 1 (0.51%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (34.34%) Relational Database
2 66 (33.33%) RDBMS
3 21 (10.61%) Amazon RDS
4 19 (9.60%) MySQL
5 18 (9.09%) SQL Server
6 16 (8.08%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (7.58%) NoSQL
8 11 (5.56%) Azure SQL Database
9 10 (5.05%) Redis
10 5 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (2.53%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 5 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (2.02%) MongoDB
12 3 (1.52%) Big Data
12 3 (1.52%) HBase
12 3 (1.52%) icCube
13 2 (1.01%) Cosmos DB
13 2 (1.01%) Data Lake
14 1 (0.51%) Oracle Database
14 1 (0.51%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 103 (52.02%) Vagrant
2 91 (45.96%) Git (software)
3 86 (43.43%) JIRA
4 78 (39.39%) JUnit
5 77 (38.89%) Maven
6 68 (34.34%) Mockito
7 66 (33.33%) Checkstyle
7 66 (33.33%) Liquibase
7 66 (33.33%) SonarQube
8 19 (9.60%) Jenkins
9 15 (7.58%) PHPUnit
9 15 (7.58%) Selenium
10 10 (5.05%) TestNG
11 9 (4.55%) Gradle
11 9 (4.55%) Visual Studio Team System
12 8 (4.04%) gulp
13 4 (2.02%) MSI
13 4 (2.02%) Visual Studio
14 2 (1.01%) GitLab
14 2 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 6 (3.03%) Finance
2 5 (2.53%) Billing
3 3 (1.52%) Retail
4 2 (1.01%) Law
5 1 (0.51%) Banking
Job Titles
1 115 (58.08%) Developer
2 85 (42.93%) Java Developer
3 48 (24.24%) SC Cleared Java Developer
4 18 (9.09%) Architect
5 15 (7.58%) PHP Developer
6 13 (6.57%) AWS Developer
7 12 (6.06%) Analyst
7 12 (6.06%) AWS Architect
8 10 (5.05%) Cloud Engineer
9 9 (4.55%) Cloud Architect
9 9 (4.55%) Infrastructure Architect
9 9 (4.55%) Support Analyst
10 8 (4.04%) Cloud Infrastructure Architect
10 8 (4.04%) Consultant
10 8 (4.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 7 (3.54%) AWS Infrastructure Architect
11 7 (3.54%) Azure Engineer
12 6 (3.03%) Azure DevOps
13 5 (2.53%) AWS Engineer
13 5 (2.53%) Azure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (39.90%) RESTful
2 78 (39.39%) Hibernate
3 68 (34.34%) JMS
4 67 (33.84%) REST
5 66 (33.33%) Drools
5 66 (33.33%) Java EE
5 66 (33.33%) JAX-RS
5 66 (33.33%) Lambda Expressions
5 66 (33.33%) WireMock
6 24 (12.12%) CSS
6 24 (12.12%) HTML
7 23 (11.62%) HTML5
8 22 (11.11%) CSS3
9 16 (8.08%) Node.js
10 15 (7.58%) Doctrine
11 12 (6.06%) Spring
12 10 (5.05%) AngularJS
12 10 (5.05%) Spring Boot
13 9 (4.55%) Modernizr
13 9 (4.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 67 (33.84%) Linux Command Line
2 14 (7.07%) Public Cloud
3 6 (3.03%) SWIFT
4 5 (2.53%) Clustering
4 5 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
5 4 (2.02%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (2.02%) Data Centre
6 3 (1.52%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.01%) EMC VMAX
7 2 (1.01%) User Experience
7 2 (1.01%) VxBlock/Vblock
8 1 (0.51%) Cloud Native
8 1 (0.51%) CMDB
8 1 (0.51%) Fat Client
8 1 (0.51%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.51%) HP Superdome
8 1 (0.51%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.51%) PMI
8 1 (0.51%) Taxonomies
8 1 (0.51%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 73 (36.87%) Unix
2 42 (21.21%) Windows
3 32 (16.16%) Linux
4 13 (6.57%) Windows Server
5 7 (3.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (2.53%) Windows 10
7 4 (2.02%) OpenVMS
7 4 (2.02%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.52%) AIX
9 2 (1.01%) CentOS
9 2 (1.01%) DC/OS
9 2 (1.01%) Debian
9 2 (1.01%) Mesosphere
9 2 (1.01%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.51%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.51%) HPUX
10 1 (0.51%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (58.08%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (50.00%) Domain-Driven Design
3 94 (47.47%) Microservices
4 90 (45.45%) Test Automation
5 81 (40.91%) CQRS
6 76 (38.38%) Dependency Injection
7 72 (36.36%) OO
8 66 (33.33%) OOA/OOD
9 38 (19.19%) TDD
10 35 (17.68%) DevOps
11 23 (11.62%) BDD
12 21 (10.61%) Open Source
12 21 (10.61%) Unit Testing
13 19 (9.60%) Continuous Integration
14 18 (9.09%) Progressive Enhancement
15 15 (7.58%) Non-Functional Testing
15 15 (7.58%) Pair Programming
16 12 (6.06%) Computer Science
16 12 (6.06%) ITIL
17 11 (5.56%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 96 (48.48%) Java
2 79 (39.90%) Java 8
3 66 (33.33%) JPQL
4 41 (20.71%) JavaScript
5 30 (15.15%) SQL
6 27 (13.64%) PowerShell
7 15 (7.58%) PHP
7 15 (7.58%) PHP 7
8 10 (5.05%) Python
9 9 (4.55%) C
10 6 (3.03%) C++
10 6 (3.03%) DCL
11 5 (2.53%) VB
12 4 (2.02%) C#
12 4 (2.02%) Perl
13 3 (1.52%) Bash Shell
13 3 (1.52%) Go
14 2 (1.01%) Ruby
15 1 (0.51%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.51%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 62 (31.31%) SC Cleared
1 62 (31.31%) Security Cleared
2 15 (7.58%) Degree
3 12 (6.06%) BPSS Clearance
3 12 (6.06%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.52%) AWS Certification
4 3 (1.52%) BC Cleared
5 1 (0.51%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.51%) MCP
5 1 (0.51%) MCSE
5 1 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.51%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.51%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (3.03%) Disclosure Scotland
1 6 (3.03%) ISO 20022
2 3 (1.52%) QA
3 2 (1.01%) GDPR
4 1 (0.51%) SLA
System Software
1 29 (14.65%) Docker
2 15 (7.58%) Active Directory
3 12 (6.06%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (5.05%) Hyper-V
5 7 (3.54%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (2.02%) vSphere
7 3 (1.52%) Apache Flume
7 3 (1.52%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 2 (1.01%) NFS
8 2 (1.01%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 2 (1.01%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (1.01%) XenApp
9 1 (0.51%) Firmware
9 1 (0.51%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.51%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.51%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.51%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 22 (11.11%) Ansible
2 21 (10.61%) Puppet
3 14 (7.07%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (6.57%) Terraform
5 11 (5.56%) Kubernetes
6 6 (3.03%) Packer
7 5 (2.53%) Microsoft Clustering
7 5 (2.53%) SCCM
8 3 (1.52%) Tivoli
8 3 (1.52%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 2 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (1.01%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (1.01%) SCVMM
9 2 (1.01%) vCenter Server
10 1 (0.51%) EdgeSight
10 1 (0.51%) McAfee ePO
10 1 (0.51%) PowerCLI
10 1 (0.51%) SCOM
10 1 (0.51%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
10 1 (0.51%) vMotion
Vendors
1 18 (9.09%) Microsoft
2 15 (7.58%) VMware
2 15 (7.58%) Zend
3 9 (4.55%) IBM
4 6 (3.03%) Cisco
5 3 (1.52%) Citrix
5 3 (1.52%) Google
5 3 (1.52%) Meraki
5 3 (1.52%) ServiceNow
5 3 (1.52%) Vertica
6 2 (1.01%) EMC
6 2 (1.01%) F5
6 2 (1.01%) HP
6 2 (1.01%) Oracle
6 2 (1.01%) PlateSpin
6 2 (1.01%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.01%) SaltStack
6 2 (1.01%) Veritas
7 1 (0.51%) McAfee
7 1 (0.51%) Symantec