Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 255 288 211
Rank change year-on-year +33 -77 -39
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 396 473 1,237
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.95% 0.88% 1.40%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.64% 4.32% 6.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 265 339 863
10th Percentile £328 £325 £360
25th Percentile £390 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £500 £520
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% -3.85% +9.47%
75th Percentile £543 £575 £600
90th Percentile £625 £650 £700
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £515
% change year-on-year -5.00% -2.91% +8.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 0 7
10th Percentile £45.50 " £38.60
25th Percentile £48.75 " £41.00
Median hourly rate £57.50 - £45.00
75th Percentile £61.25 " £47.50
90th Percentile £62.05 " £48.50
UK median hourly rate £58.00 £50.35 £43.50
% change year-on-year +15.19% +15.75% -6.45%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,027 10,949 17,974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 16.83% 20.42% 20.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,634 7,143 11,711
10th Percentile £180 £143 £160
25th Percentile £325 £250 £315
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £425 £438
Median % change year-on-year +5.88% -2.86% -
75th Percentile £538 £528 £538
90th Percentile £630 £613 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +7.14% -1.18% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 375 855 1,026
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.61 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £13.56 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.75 £17.25 £17.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.90% +1.47% +3.03%
75th Percentile £41.50 £21.63 £27.37
90th Percentile £54.00 £47.50 £48.20
UK median hourly rate £17.75 £17.50 £16.95
% change year-on-year +1.43% +3.24% +3.64%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 177 £493 -1.50% 31
South East +55 81 £419 -11.84% 27
North of England +33 39 £436 -5.84% 15
Midlands +20 28 £375 -26.47% 12
North West +17 25 £445 +4.71% 7
South West +38 23 £524 -1.15% 18
East of England +47 20 £494 -14.13% 7
West Midlands +15 19 £463 +2.78% 9
Yorkshire +33 13 £400 -15.79% 7
East Midlands +21 9 £375 -26.47% 3
North East +20 1 £400 -19.19% 1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 396 (100.00%) Linux
2 275 (69.44%) Red Hat
3 156 (39.39%) Ansible
4 129 (32.58%) Windows
4 129 (32.58%) Python
5 120 (30.30%) DevOps
6 116 (29.29%) Security Cleared
7 112 (28.28%) VMware
8 92 (23.23%) AWS
9 89 (22.47%) SC Cleared
10 87 (21.97%) VMware Infrastructure
11 78 (19.70%) Unix
12 76 (19.19%) Docker
13 75 (18.94%) Oracle
13 75 (18.94%) Puppet
14 72 (18.18%) CentOS
15 70 (17.68%) Azure
16 65 (16.41%) Finance
16 65 (16.41%) Jenkins
17 63 (15.91%) Windows Server
18 62 (15.66%) Kubernetes
18 62 (15.66%) Active Directory
19 60 (15.15%) Terraform
20 59 (14.90%) Firewall
20 59 (14.90%) Agile Software Development
21 58 (14.65%) Java
22 54 (13.64%) Perl
22 54 (13.64%) SQL Server
23 53 (13.38%) SQL
23 53 (13.38%) ITIL

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (8.33%) SharePoint
2 21 (5.30%) IIS
3 19 (4.80%) Confluence
4 18 (4.55%) MS Exchange
5 16 (4.04%) WebSphere
6 15 (3.79%) Apache
7 13 (3.28%) Tomcat
8 11 (2.78%) JBoss
9 8 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (2.02%) nginx
9 8 (2.02%) OpenStack
10 6 (1.52%) WebLogic
11 4 (1.01%) Mailman
11 4 (1.01%) WebSphere Application Server
12 3 (0.76%) Oracle Service Bus
12 3 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.51%) CICS
13 2 (0.51%) MQSeries
13 2 (0.51%) Red Hat Fuse
14 1 (0.25%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 7 (1.77%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (2.02%) ION MarketView
2 6 (1.52%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (1.26%) Eikon
3 5 (1.26%) Oracle Applications
3 5 (1.26%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 4 (1.01%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (1.01%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.76%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 92 (23.23%) AWS
2 70 (17.68%) Azure
3 33 (8.33%) IaaS
4 30 (7.58%) OpenShift
5 23 (5.81%) Microsoft 365
6 22 (5.56%) GitHub
6 22 (5.56%) PaaS
7 21 (5.30%) GCP
8 18 (4.55%) AWS CloudFormation
9 12 (3.03%) Amazon EKS
9 12 (3.03%) Serverless
10 10 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (2.53%) Amazon S3
11 9 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (2.02%) Amazon ECS
13 7 (1.77%) Amazon ELB
14 5 (1.26%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (1.26%) AWS CodePipeline
14 5 (1.26%) CloudFront
14 5 (1.26%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 59 (14.90%) Firewall
2 39 (9.85%) DNS
3 38 (9.60%) TCP/IP
4 19 (4.80%) SAN
5 18 (4.55%) VPN
6 16 (4.04%) WAAS
7 12 (3.03%) Multicast
8 11 (2.78%) WAN
9 10 (2.53%) iSCSI
9 10 (2.53%) LAN
9 10 (2.53%) NAS
10 9 (2.27%) IPv4
10 9 (2.27%) IPv6
10 9 (2.27%) Wireless
11 8 (2.02%) SSL
12 7 (1.77%) HTTP
13 6 (1.52%) IMAP
13 6 (1.52%) SMTP
13 6 (1.52%) Wireshark
14 4 (1.01%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (13.64%) SQL Server
2 30 (7.58%) Oracle Database
3 17 (4.29%) PostgreSQL
4 16 (4.04%) Relational Database
5 14 (3.54%) MongoDB
5 14 (3.54%) MySQL
6 12 (3.03%) Data Lake
6 12 (3.03%) DB2
7 11 (2.78%) RDBMS
8 10 (2.53%) Oracle Reports
9 7 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
10 6 (1.52%) Oracle Database 12c
11 5 (1.26%) Big Data
11 5 (1.26%) NoSQL
11 5 (1.26%) Oracle Database 11g
12 4 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 4 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
12 4 (1.01%) MariaDB
12 4 (1.01%) Oracle BI Publisher
12 4 (1.01%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 65 (16.41%) Jenkins
2 53 (13.38%) Git (software)
3 47 (11.87%) GitLab
4 41 (10.35%) JIRA
5 20 (5.05%) Artifactory
6 15 (3.79%) Sonatype Nexus
7 13 (3.28%) SonarQube
8 12 (3.03%) Bitbucket
9 10 (2.53%) Subversion
10 8 (2.02%) TeamCity
11 7 (1.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 7 (1.77%) Bitbucket Server
11 7 (1.77%) Maven
12 6 (1.52%) CA Release Automation
13 4 (1.01%) Toad
13 4 (1.01%) Vagrant
14 3 (0.76%) ClearCase
14 3 (0.76%) ClearQuest
14 3 (0.76%) Eclipse
14 3 (0.76%) JUnit
General
1 65 (16.41%) Finance
2 38 (9.60%) Banking
3 27 (6.82%) Public Sector
4 8 (2.02%) Front Office
5 7 (1.77%) Telecoms
6 6 (1.52%) Law
7 5 (1.26%) Electronics
7 5 (1.26%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.26%) Marketing
8 4 (1.01%) Aerospace
8 4 (1.01%) Back Office
8 4 (1.01%) Retail
9 3 (0.76%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.76%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.51%) Legal
10 2 (0.51%) Local Government
10 2 (0.51%) Publishing
11 1 (0.25%) Advertising
11 1 (0.25%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 67 (16.92%) Architect
2 55 (13.89%) Linux Engineer
3 49 (12.37%) DevOps Engineer
4 46 (11.62%) Administrator
5 33 (8.33%) Linux Administrator
6 29 (7.32%) Consultant
7 25 (6.31%) Developer
7 25 (6.31%) Linux Systems Administrator
8 23 (5.81%) Systems Administrator
9 20 (5.05%) Technical Architect
10 19 (4.80%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 17 (4.29%) Infrastructure Architect
12 13 (3.28%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 12 (3.03%) Infrastructure Support
13 12 (3.03%) Senior DevOps
13 12 (3.03%) Unix Administrator
14 11 (2.78%) Analyst
14 11 (2.78%) DBA
14 11 (2.78%) Oracle DBA
14 11 (2.78%) Service Operations Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (8.84%) Middleware
2 28 (7.07%) Web Services
3 23 (5.81%) Elastic Stack
4 19 (4.80%) Kafka
5 17 (4.29%) .NET
6 15 (3.79%) YAML
7 10 (2.53%) JSON
7 10 (2.53%) Rendezvous
7 10 (2.53%) Spring Boot
7 10 (2.53%) WebSphere MQ
8 9 (2.27%) Node.js
8 9 (2.27%) REST
8 9 (2.27%) SOAP
8 9 (2.27%) XML
9 8 (2.02%) Software Packaging
9 8 (2.02%) Spring
10 6 (1.52%) LAMP
10 6 (1.52%) LDAP
11 5 (1.26%) FIX Protocol
11 5 (1.26%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 47 (11.87%) Clustering
2 43 (10.86%) Data Centre
3 20 (5.05%) EMC VNX
4 19 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (3.79%) Management Information System
6 14 (3.54%) Private Cloud
7 13 (3.28%) Linux Command Line
7 13 (3.28%) Public Cloud
8 9 (2.27%) Cloud Native
9 8 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.77%) Client/Server
10 7 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (1.77%) Replication
11 6 (1.52%) Hybrid Cloud
11 6 (1.52%) PKI
12 5 (1.26%) SWIFT
13 4 (1.01%) Device Driver
13 4 (1.01%) Enterprise Cloud
13 4 (1.01%) Virtual Team
14 3 (0.76%) EMC VMAX
Operating Systems
1 396 (100.00%) Linux
2 129 (32.58%) Windows
3 78 (19.70%) Unix
4 72 (18.18%) CentOS
5 63 (15.91%) Windows Server
6 40 (10.10%) Solaris
7 33 (8.33%) Windows Server 2012
8 25 (6.31%) AIX
9 21 (5.30%) Windows Server 2016
10 20 (5.05%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 20 (5.05%) Windows 10
11 17 (4.29%) Windows Server 2008
12 16 (4.04%) Windows XP
13 14 (3.54%) SUSE
13 14 (3.54%) Windows Server 2019
14 13 (3.28%) Ubuntu
15 10 (2.53%) VMS
16 9 (2.27%) HPUX
16 9 (2.27%) Oracle Linux
17 5 (1.26%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (30.30%) DevOps
2 59 (14.90%) Agile Software Development
3 53 (13.38%) Configuration Management
3 53 (13.38%) ITIL
4 50 (12.63%) Migration
5 36 (9.09%) Cybersecurity
6 34 (8.59%) Continuous Integration
7 30 (7.58%) Deployment Automation
7 30 (7.58%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 29 (7.32%) Change Management
8 29 (7.32%) High Availability
9 27 (6.82%) Infrastructure as Code
10 23 (5.81%) Disaster Recovery
10 23 (5.81%) Microservices
10 23 (5.81%) Test Automation
11 21 (5.30%) Open Source
12 20 (5.05%) Performance Tuning
13 18 (4.55%) Server Hardening
14 17 (4.29%) Scrum
14 17 (4.29%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 129 (32.58%) Python
2 58 (14.65%) Java
3 54 (13.64%) Perl
4 53 (13.38%) Bash Shell
4 53 (13.38%) SQL
5 52 (13.13%) PowerShell
6 40 (10.10%) Shell Script
7 23 (5.81%) Ruby
8 21 (5.30%) JavaScript
9 12 (3.03%) C
9 12 (3.03%) C++
10 10 (2.53%) PL/SQL
11 9 (2.27%) Groovy
12 7 (1.77%) Go
13 6 (1.52%) C#
14 4 (1.01%) Rust
14 4 (1.01%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.76%) Java 8
15 3 (0.76%) Jython
15 3 (0.76%) PHP
Qualifications
1 116 (29.29%) Security Cleared
2 89 (22.47%) SC Cleared
3 36 (9.09%) DV Cleared
4 20 (5.05%) Degree
5 10 (2.53%) RHCE
6 9 (2.27%) RHCA
6 9 (2.27%) TOGAF Certification
7 5 (1.26%) RHCSA
8 3 (0.76%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.76%) CTC Cleared
8 3 (0.76%) RHCVA
8 3 (0.76%) VCAP
9 2 (0.51%) CCNA
9 2 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.51%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 1 (0.25%) CCA
10 1 (0.25%) CISA
10 1 (0.25%) CISSP
10 1 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.52%) GDPR
2 4 (1.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 3 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (0.76%) QA
3 3 (0.76%) SLA
4 2 (0.51%) OASIS TOSCA
4 2 (0.51%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.51%) SEPA
5 1 (0.25%) COBIT
5 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.25%) NIST
5 1 (0.25%) PMO
5 1 (0.25%) WCAG
System Software
1 87 (21.97%) VMware Infrastructure
2 76 (19.19%) Docker
3 62 (15.66%) Active Directory
4 33 (8.33%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (7.32%) VMware ESXi
6 20 (5.05%) vSphere
7 13 (3.28%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 11 (2.78%) iptables
8 11 (2.78%) NFS
9 10 (2.53%) Hyper-V
10 6 (1.52%) Firmware
10 6 (1.52%) GlusterFS
11 5 (1.26%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (1.26%) VirtualBox
12 4 (1.01%) GPFS
12 4 (1.01%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 3 (0.76%) KVM
13 3 (0.76%) LXC
13 3 (0.76%) vCloud
13 3 (0.76%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 156 (39.39%) Ansible
2 75 (18.94%) Puppet
3 62 (15.66%) Kubernetes
4 60 (15.15%) Terraform
5 51 (12.88%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (5.56%) Salt
7 21 (5.30%) Microsoft Intune
8 20 (5.05%) Prometheus
8 20 (5.05%) SCCM
9 18 (4.55%) Microsoft Clustering
9 18 (4.55%) Red Hat Satellite
10 16 (4.04%) IBM BigFix
11 15 (3.79%) Grafana
12 14 (3.54%) Kibana
13 13 (3.28%) Packer
13 13 (3.28%) vRealize
14 8 (2.02%) NetBackup
14 8 (2.02%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 7 (1.77%) Data Guard
16 6 (1.52%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 275 (69.44%) Red Hat
2 112 (28.28%) VMware
3 75 (18.94%) Oracle
4 45 (11.36%) Microsoft
5 35 (8.84%) IBM
6 31 (7.83%) EMC
7 30 (7.58%) Veritas
8 29 (7.32%) Cisco
9 28 (7.07%) Splunk
10 22 (5.56%) SaltStack
11 21 (5.30%) Citrix
12 18 (4.55%) Atlassian
13 16 (4.04%) AppDynamics
13 16 (4.04%) ServiceNow
14 15 (3.79%) Symantec
15 14 (3.54%) HP
16 13 (3.28%) Remedy
17 10 (2.53%) Dell
17 10 (2.53%) Juniper
17 10 (2.53%) TIBCO