Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 263 264 282
Rank change year-on-year +1 +18 -84
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 702 334 632
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.00% 0.96% 0.97%
As % of the Operating Systems category 6.32% 5.33% 4.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 497 210 432
10th Percentile £409 £325 £321
25th Percentile £463 £393 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £463 £500
Median % change year-on-year +21.62% -7.50% -3.85%
75th Percentile £638 £525 £575
90th Percentile £700 £600 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +22.22% -10.00% -2.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 1
10th Percentile £63.00 £45.60 -
25th Percentile £64.00 £49.69 £52.50
Median hourly rate £72.50 £57.50 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.09% +4.55% +30.95%
75th Percentile £78.13 £61.06 £57.50
90th Percentile £81.25 £61.25 -
UK median hourly rate £70.00 £57.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +21.74% +15.00% +19.05%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,107 6,267 13,528
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.90% 17.95% 20.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,753 4,063 8,699
10th Percentile £160 £163 £143
25th Percentile £313 £313 £250
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £431 £413
Median % change year-on-year +14.85% +4.48% -2.94%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £525
90th Percentile £688 £625 £606
UK median daily rate £495 £432 £410
% change year-on-year +14.58% +5.37% -3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 591 363 1,015
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.17 £11.25
25th Percentile £14.79 £13.38 £14.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.75 £17.10
Median % change year-on-year +12.68% +3.80% -0.15%
75th Percentile £47.09 £42.00 £22.84
90th Percentile £64.25 £53.75 £48.38
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.75 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.68% +1.43% +2.94%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +20 389 £575 +25.68% 57
South East -64 91 £550 +22.22% 29
Midlands -24 61 £450 -10.00% 14
North of England -48 55 £575 +33.41% 16
West Midlands -20 51 £450 -10.00% 10
South West -26 39 £550 +14.29% 4
North West -31 38 £625 +31.58% 8
East of England -52 18 £500 - 4
Yorkshire -36 15 £425 +54.55% 7
East Midlands -23 9 £525 +17.32% 4
North East 0 3 £525 +31.25% 1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 702 (100.00%) Linux
2 400 (56.98%) Red Hat
3 300 (42.74%) Ansible
4 299 (42.59%) DevOps
5 280 (39.89%) AWS
6 226 (32.19%) Windows
7 205 (29.20%) CI/CD
8 204 (29.06%) Terraform
9 200 (28.49%) Docker
10 193 (27.49%) Python
11 189 (26.92%) Security Cleared
12 186 (26.50%) VMware
13 171 (24.36%) Azure
14 158 (22.51%) Jenkins
15 156 (22.22%) Git (software)
16 154 (21.94%) Kubernetes
17 151 (21.51%) Bash
18 141 (20.09%) Agile Software Development
19 136 (19.37%) VMware Infrastructure
20 133 (18.95%) Microsoft
21 128 (18.23%) Finance
22 126 (17.95%) SC Cleared
23 125 (17.81%) Oracle
24 122 (17.38%) SQL
25 111 (15.81%) Social Skills
26 110 (15.67%) Java
27 109 (15.53%) Unix
28 107 (15.24%) Configuration Management
29 103 (14.67%) Windows Server
30 102 (14.53%) Puppet

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (4.70%) Confluence
2 29 (4.13%) Tomcat
3 27 (3.85%) Apache
3 27 (3.85%) IIS
3 27 (3.85%) WebSphere
4 24 (3.42%) WebLogic
5 23 (3.28%) JBoss
6 21 (2.99%) nginx
7 17 (2.42%) Traefik
8 16 (2.28%) ArcGIS
9 11 (1.57%) OpenStack
10 10 (1.42%) Apache Spark
11 8 (1.14%) WebSphere Application Server
12 5 (0.71%) IBM HTTP Server
12 5 (0.71%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.57%) WildFly
13 4 (0.57%) WordPress
14 3 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
14 3 (0.43%) MS Exchange
15 2 (0.28%) OpenROAD
Applications
1 9 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.71%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.28%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 14 (1.99%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.43%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.14%) Magento
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.14%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.14%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 280 (39.89%) AWS
2 171 (24.36%) Azure
3 53 (7.55%) Amazon EC2
4 50 (7.12%) AWS CloudFormation
5 46 (6.55%) GCP
6 43 (6.13%) OpenShift
7 39 (5.56%) IaaS
8 37 (5.27%) GitHub
9 36 (5.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 32 (4.56%) PaaS
10 32 (4.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 29 (4.13%) Amazon S3
12 25 (3.56%) SaaS
13 23 (3.28%) Amazon ECS
14 20 (2.85%) Cloud Computing
15 17 (2.42%) Amazon EKS
15 17 (2.42%) Amazon ELB
16 13 (1.85%) Microsoft 365
17 12 (1.71%) AWS Fargate
17 12 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 86 (12.25%) Firewall
2 61 (8.69%) DNS
3 40 (5.70%) TCP/IP
4 39 (5.56%) SAN
5 27 (3.85%) Network Security
6 20 (2.85%) VPN
7 19 (2.71%) WAN
8 18 (2.56%) Internet
9 15 (2.14%) HTTP
9 15 (2.14%) Multicast
9 15 (2.14%) Software-Defined Networking
10 14 (1.99%) Kerberos
10 14 (1.99%) NAS
11 9 (1.28%) DHCP
11 9 (1.28%) SSL
12 8 (1.14%) LAN
13 7 (1.00%) OpenLDAP
14 6 (0.85%) IPsec
14 6 (0.85%) iSCSI
14 6 (0.85%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (7.69%) MySQL
2 46 (6.55%) SQL Server
3 39 (5.56%) Oracle Database
4 36 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
5 29 (4.13%) MongoDB
6 21 (2.99%) Oracle Database 12c
7 20 (2.85%) NoSQL
8 19 (2.71%) Amazon RDS
9 18 (2.56%) Oracle Database 11g
10 16 (2.28%) Hadoop
11 14 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (1.85%) SAP HANA
13 12 (1.71%) Big Data
14 11 (1.57%) Data Lake
14 11 (1.57%) Relational Database
15 10 (1.42%) Apache Hive
15 10 (1.42%) DB2
15 10 (1.42%) Tableau
16 9 (1.28%) Amazon Redshift
16 9 (1.28%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 158 (22.51%) Jenkins
2 156 (22.22%) Git (software)
3 96 (13.68%) GitLab
4 52 (7.41%) Bitbucket
4 52 (7.41%) JIRA
5 42 (5.98%) Artifactory
5 42 (5.98%) TeamCity
6 29 (4.13%) Sonatype Nexus
7 26 (3.70%) Maven
8 18 (2.56%) Cucumber
9 17 (2.42%) Subversion
10 15 (2.14%) Selenium
11 14 (1.99%) JUnit
12 13 (1.85%) Zephyr
13 10 (1.42%) Gerrit
13 10 (1.42%) Jasmine
13 10 (1.42%) SonarQube
14 9 (1.28%) IBM UrbanCode
15 8 (1.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 8 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 128 (18.23%) Finance
2 111 (15.81%) Social Skills
3 80 (11.40%) Banking
4 53 (7.55%) Public Sector
5 14 (1.99%) Analytical Skills
5 14 (1.99%) Presentation Skills
6 11 (1.57%) Front Office
7 9 (1.28%) Telecoms
8 8 (1.14%) International Banking
9 7 (1.00%) Marketing
10 6 (0.85%) Documentation Skills
11 5 (0.71%) Advertising
11 5 (0.71%) Investment Banking
12 4 (0.57%) Electronics
12 4 (0.57%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.57%) Publishing
13 3 (0.43%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.43%) Organisational Skills
14 2 (0.28%) Influencing Skills
14 2 (0.28%) Law
Job Titles
1 163 (23.22%) DevOps Engineer
2 67 (9.54%) Architect
3 58 (8.26%) Administrator
4 53 (7.55%) Linux Engineer
5 52 (7.41%) AWS Engineer
6 51 (7.26%) Developer
7 44 (6.27%) Consultant
8 35 (4.99%) Infrastructure Architect
9 31 (4.42%) DBA
10 30 (4.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 28 (3.99%) Senior DevOps
11 28 (3.99%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 28 (3.99%) Systems Administrator
12 25 (3.56%) Azure Engineer
13 24 (3.42%) Platform Engineer
14 23 (3.28%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 23 (3.28%) Linux Administrator
14 23 (3.28%) Oracle DBA
15 21 (2.99%) Technical Architect
16 20 (2.85%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (5.56%) Spring
2 38 (5.41%) Spring Boot
3 33 (4.70%) REST
4 32 (4.56%) Node.js
5 29 (4.13%) .NET
6 27 (3.85%) LDAP
7 23 (3.28%) Middleware
8 18 (2.56%) cloud-init
9 16 (2.28%) Web Services
10 15 (2.14%) Rendezvous
10 15 (2.14%) RESTful
11 14 (1.99%) Elastic Stack
12 13 (1.85%) SAP Basis
13 12 (1.71%) Kafka
13 12 (1.71%) LAMP
13 12 (1.71%) React
14 11 (1.57%) AngularJS
14 11 (1.57%) CSS
14 11 (1.57%) HTML
14 11 (1.57%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 64 (9.12%) Clustering
2 47 (6.70%) Data Centre
3 38 (5.41%) PKI
4 36 (5.13%) Public Cloud
5 27 (3.85%) Replication
6 25 (3.56%) Private Cloud
7 17 (2.42%) Data Protection Act
8 15 (2.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 13 (1.85%) Linux Command Line
10 12 (1.71%) Equity Risk
11 11 (1.57%) Management Information System
12 10 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
13 9 (1.28%) DataPower
14 7 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
14 7 (1.00%) Enterprise Storage
15 6 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
15 6 (0.85%) Video on Demand
16 5 (0.71%) Legacy Systems
16 5 (0.71%) Reference Data
17 4 (0.57%) CCTV
Operating Systems
1 702 (100.00%) Linux
2 226 (32.19%) Windows
3 109 (15.53%) Unix
4 103 (14.67%) Windows Server
5 89 (12.68%) CentOS
6 54 (7.69%) Solaris
7 45 (6.41%) Ubuntu
8 28 (3.99%) Windows Server 2019
9 26 (3.70%) Oracle Linux
10 23 (3.28%) SUSE
11 22 (3.13%) VMS
11 22 (3.13%) Windows 10
12 18 (2.56%) Windows Server 2016
13 16 (2.28%) Windows Server 2012
14 15 (2.14%) AIX
15 13 (1.85%) Debian
16 9 (1.28%) Amazon Linux
16 9 (1.28%) Mac OS
16 9 (1.28%) Windows 7
17 8 (1.14%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 299 (42.59%) DevOps
2 205 (29.20%) CI/CD
3 141 (20.09%) Agile Software Development
4 107 (15.24%) Configuration Management
5 91 (12.96%) Microservices
6 81 (11.54%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 81 (11.54%) Migration
7 68 (9.69%) Infrastructure as Code
8 57 (8.12%) Continuous Integration
8 57 (8.12%) ITIL
9 56 (7.98%) Load Balancing
10 54 (7.69%) Open Source
11 53 (7.55%) High Availability
11 53 (7.55%) Problem-Solving
12 48 (6.84%) Cybersecurity
13 45 (6.41%) Scrum
14 38 (5.41%) Continuous Delivery
15 37 (5.27%) Test Automation
16 32 (4.56%) Disaster Recovery
17 31 (4.42%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 193 (27.49%) Python
2 151 (21.51%) Bash
3 122 (17.38%) SQL
4 110 (15.67%) Java
5 82 (11.68%) PowerShell
6 56 (7.98%) Shell Script
7 48 (6.84%) Perl
8 39 (5.56%) Ruby
9 37 (5.27%) JavaScript
10 28 (3.99%) Go
11 22 (3.13%) C
12 20 (2.85%) PHP
13 17 (2.42%) C#
13 17 (2.42%) PL/SQL
14 15 (2.14%) C++
15 11 (1.57%) Korn
15 11 (1.57%) T-SQL
16 9 (1.28%) Scala
17 5 (0.71%) Groovy
18 4 (0.57%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 189 (26.92%) Security Cleared
2 126 (17.95%) SC Cleared
3 79 (11.25%) DV Cleared
4 32 (4.56%) AWS Certification
5 30 (4.27%) RHCE
6 22 (3.13%) Degree
7 19 (2.71%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (1.14%) RHCSA
9 5 (0.71%) PMP
10 4 (0.57%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.57%) OCP
10 4 (0.57%) Oracle Certification
10 4 (0.57%) RHCA
10 4 (0.57%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.14%) MCSE
12 1 (0.14%) OCA
12 1 (0.14%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.56%) NCSC
2 10 (1.42%) GDPR
3 9 (1.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 6 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 4 (0.57%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.57%) QA
5 4 (0.57%) SLA
6 3 (0.43%) Accessibility
6 3 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 3 (0.43%) NIST
7 1 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 200 (28.49%) Docker
2 136 (19.37%) VMware Infrastructure
3 90 (12.82%) Active Directory
4 34 (4.84%) vSphere
5 32 (4.56%) Oracle RAC
6 21 (2.99%) VMware ESXi
7 18 (2.56%) Hyper-V
7 18 (2.56%) VMware NSX
8 16 (2.28%) Virtual Machines
9 13 (1.85%) NFS
10 10 (1.42%) HDFS
11 9 (1.28%) KVM
12 8 (1.14%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.71%) Firmware
13 5 (0.71%) LXC
13 5 (0.71%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 4 (0.57%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 4 (0.57%) Virtual Desktop
15 3 (0.43%) Samba
15 3 (0.43%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 300 (42.74%) Ansible
2 204 (29.06%) Terraform
3 154 (21.94%) Kubernetes
4 102 (14.53%) Puppet
5 39 (5.56%) Prometheus
6 31 (4.42%) Packer
7 28 (3.99%) Docker Swarm
8 27 (3.85%) Data Guard
8 27 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
8 27 (3.85%) ZABBIX
9 25 (3.56%) HAProxy
10 24 (3.42%) Grafana
11 23 (3.28%) Consul
12 19 (2.71%) Istio
12 19 (2.71%) Microsoft Clustering
13 18 (2.56%) Podman
13 18 (2.56%) Red Hat Satellite
14 17 (2.42%) Graphite
14 17 (2.42%) linkerd
14 17 (2.42%) vRealize
Vendors
1 400 (56.98%) Red Hat
2 186 (26.50%) VMware
3 133 (18.95%) Microsoft
4 125 (17.81%) Oracle
5 50 (7.12%) IBM
6 49 (6.98%) Splunk
7 42 (5.98%) Cisco
8 33 (4.70%) HP
9 29 (4.13%) Sun
10 23 (3.28%) Citrix
11 21 (2.99%) CheckPoint
11 21 (2.99%) Google
12 19 (2.71%) Dell
12 19 (2.71%) NetApp
12 19 (2.71%) SAP
13 18 (2.56%) Micro Focus
14 17 (2.42%) PagerDuty
14 17 (2.42%) ServiceNow
15 15 (2.14%) Currenex
15 15 (2.14%) Refinitiv