Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat Enterprise Linux over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 287 266 224
Rank change year-on-year -21 -42 -28
Contract jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 434 391 1,059
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.89% 1.00% 1.28%
As % of the Operating Systems category 5.60% 5.03% 6.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 286 279 716
10th Percentile £340 £327 £333
25th Percentile £400 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £575 £575 £600
90th Percentile £641 £650 £688
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -0.05% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 2
10th Percentile £45.88 " £33.92
25th Percentile £48.94 " £36.04
Median hourly rate £58.25 £66.00 £40.84
Median % change year-on-year -11.74% +61.63% +115.09%
75th Percentile £61.94 " £44.38
90th Percentile £62.25 " £45.75
UK median hourly rate £58.25 £60.00 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.92% +152.63% +25.10%

Red Hat Enterprise Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 7,747 7,773 16,394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.80% 19.93% 19.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,074 5,176 10,668
10th Percentile £185 £150 £160
25th Percentile £342 £300 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £427 £445
Median % change year-on-year +5.39% -4.04% +1.71%
75th Percentile £550 £538 £550
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £433
% change year-on-year +5.88% -1.85% +1.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 378 515 956
10th Percentile £11.72 £11.64 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.63 £13.67 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.63 £17.50 £17.16
Median % change year-on-year +0.71% +2.01% -1.97%
75th Percentile £43.94 £22.25 £32.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £47.45 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year - +2.94% -

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat Enterprise Linux in England

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 228 £525 +5.00% 34
South East -5 77 £475 - 14
South West -11 36 £525 -4.64% 12
North of England +8 33 £400 -11.11% 11
Midlands -25 25 £400 -23.44% 9
North West +3 20 £440 -7.37% 9
West Midlands -20 14 £450 -18.18% 5
Yorkshire +12 12 £400 +23.08% 2
East Midlands 0 11 £400 -21.95% 4
East of England +11 10 £463 -4.64% 5
North East +12 1 £160 -67.01%
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat Enterprise Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

1 434 (100.00%) Linux
2 302 (69.59%) Red Hat
3 167 (38.48%) Windows
4 161 (37.10%) Ansible
5 139 (32.03%) Python
5 139 (32.03%) VMware
6 124 (28.57%) DevOps
7 110 (25.35%) Security Cleared
8 95 (21.89%) VMware Infrastructure
9 93 (21.43%) Docker
10 91 (20.97%) Firewall
11 90 (20.74%) AWS
12 89 (20.51%) Unix
13 80 (18.43%) Azure
13 80 (18.43%) SC Cleared
14 79 (18.20%) Puppet
14 79 (18.20%) Oracle
15 78 (17.97%) Windows Server
16 74 (17.05%) SQL
17 73 (16.82%) Git (software)
18 72 (16.59%) Finance
19 71 (16.36%) Agile Software Development
20 70 (16.13%) Jenkins
21 69 (15.90%) CentOS
22 64 (14.75%) PowerShell
23 62 (14.29%) Terraform
23 62 (14.29%) Kubernetes
24 61 (14.06%) Java
25 59 (13.59%) Active Directory
26 57 (13.13%) Migration

Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (5.30%) Confluence
2 21 (4.84%) Apache
3 18 (4.15%) IIS
4 17 (3.92%) SharePoint
5 14 (3.23%) MS Exchange
5 14 (3.23%) Tomcat
6 12 (2.76%) JBoss
7 11 (2.53%) WebSphere
8 10 (2.30%) nginx
9 8 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
10 6 (1.38%) OpenStack
10 6 (1.38%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.92%) Apache Spark
12 3 (0.69%) MTS
12 3 (0.69%) Oracle Service Bus
13 2 (0.46%) Apache Pig
13 2 (0.46%) Drupal
13 2 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
14 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 1 (0.23%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 3 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 18 (4.15%) ION MarketView
2 5 (1.15%) Eikon
2 5 (1.15%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 4 (0.92%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.69%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.46%) BASE24
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 90 (20.74%) AWS
2 80 (18.43%) Azure
3 40 (9.22%) OpenShift
4 30 (6.91%) IaaS
5 22 (5.07%) PaaS
6 21 (4.84%) GCP
7 19 (4.38%) GitHub
8 17 (3.92%) AWS CloudFormation
8 17 (3.92%) Microsoft 365
9 14 (3.23%) Serverless
10 11 (2.53%) Amazon S3
11 9 (2.07%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (1.84%) Amazon EKS
12 8 (1.84%) Apigee
13 6 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
13 6 (1.38%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (1.15%) Amazon ELB
14 5 (1.15%) AWS CodePipeline
14 5 (1.15%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 91 (20.97%) Firewall
2 37 (8.53%) DNS
3 35 (8.06%) TCP/IP
4 32 (7.37%) SAN
5 29 (6.68%) Multicast
6 18 (4.15%) VPN
7 17 (3.92%) NAS
8 15 (3.46%) Wireshark
9 12 (2.76%) WAAS
10 11 (2.53%) tcpdump
10 11 (2.53%) WAN
11 10 (2.30%) LAN
11 10 (2.30%) SNMP
12 9 (2.07%) iSCSI
12 9 (2.07%) SSL
12 9 (2.07%) Wireless
13 7 (1.61%) Cisco Nexus
13 7 (1.61%) DHCP
13 7 (1.61%) IPv4
14 6 (1.38%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (11.75%) SQL Server
2 31 (7.14%) Oracle Database
3 23 (5.30%) MySQL
4 16 (3.69%) Oracle Database 12c
5 12 (2.76%) DB2
5 12 (2.76%) Relational Database
6 11 (2.53%) Data Lake
6 11 (2.53%) RDBMS
7 10 (2.30%) MongoDB
8 9 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
9 8 (1.84%) Big Data
10 7 (1.61%) Oracle Database 11g
11 6 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (1.38%) SQL Server 2008
12 5 (1.15%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (1.15%) Oracle Reports
13 4 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (0.92%) NoSQL
13 4 (0.92%) Oracle Exadata
13 4 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 73 (16.82%) Git (software)
2 70 (16.13%) Jenkins
3 54 (12.44%) JIRA
4 38 (8.76%) GitLab
5 22 (5.07%) Sonatype Nexus
6 15 (3.46%) Bitbucket
7 13 (3.00%) Maven
7 13 (3.00%) SonarQube
8 12 (2.76%) TeamCity
9 11 (2.53%) Subversion
10 10 (2.30%) Artifactory
10 10 (2.30%) Eclipse
11 7 (1.61%) Bitbucket Server
11 7 (1.61%) Visual Studio
12 6 (1.38%) CA Release Automation
12 6 (1.38%) Gerrit
13 5 (1.15%) Ant
13 5 (1.15%) CircleCI
13 5 (1.15%) PyCharm
13 5 (1.15%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 72 (16.59%) Finance
2 57 (13.13%) Social Skills
3 46 (10.60%) Banking
4 26 (5.99%) Public Sector
5 18 (4.15%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (4.15%) Front Office
6 9 (2.07%) Presentation Skills
7 8 (1.84%) Documentation Skills
8 7 (1.61%) Influencing Skills
8 7 (1.61%) Prime Brokerage
9 6 (1.38%) Telecoms
10 5 (1.15%) Back Office
10 5 (1.15%) Electronics
11 4 (0.92%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.69%) Law
12 3 (0.69%) Local Government
12 3 (0.69%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.69%) Marketing
13 2 (0.46%) Retail
13 2 (0.46%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 72 (16.59%) Architect
2 53 (12.21%) DevOps Engineer
2 53 (12.21%) Linux Engineer
3 48 (11.06%) Administrator
4 30 (6.91%) Linux Administrator
5 27 (6.22%) Systems Administrator
6 26 (5.99%) Consultant
6 26 (5.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 25 (5.76%) Developer
8 22 (5.07%) Infrastructure Architect
9 20 (4.61%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 19 (4.38%) Applications Support
10 19 (4.38%) Infrastructure Support
11 18 (4.15%) Technical Architect
12 17 (3.92%) Analyst
13 16 (3.69%) Electronic Trading Support
13 16 (3.69%) Linux Scripter
14 14 (3.23%) Firewall Support
14 14 (3.23%) Linux Support
15 12 (2.76%) Unix Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (6.68%) Web Services
2 27 (6.22%) Middleware
3 20 (4.61%) .NET
3 20 (4.61%) Kafka
3 20 (4.61%) Rendezvous
4 18 (4.15%) LDAP
5 17 (3.92%) Elastic Stack
6 16 (3.69%) Node.js
6 16 (3.69%) YAML
7 12 (2.76%) LAMP
8 11 (2.53%) HTML
8 11 (2.53%) JSON
8 11 (2.53%) Spring Boot
9 10 (2.30%) SOAP
9 10 (2.30%) WebSphere MQ
9 10 (2.30%) XML
10 9 (2.07%) Spring
11 6 (1.38%) Oracle GoldenGate
11 6 (1.38%) REST
12 5 (1.15%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 52 (11.98%) Data Centre
2 47 (10.83%) Clustering
3 21 (4.84%) Linux Command Line
4 17 (3.92%) EMC VNX
5 15 (3.46%) Public Cloud
6 14 (3.23%) Cloud Native
7 12 (2.76%) Private Cloud
8 11 (2.53%) Management Information System
9 8 (1.84%) Equities
9 8 (1.84%) PKI
10 7 (1.61%) Client/Server
10 7 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 6 (1.38%) Hybrid Cloud
11 6 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (1.15%) Data Protection Act
12 5 (1.15%) Mainframe
12 5 (1.15%) Replication
12 5 (1.15%) SWIFT
13 4 (0.92%) Virtual Team
14 3 (0.69%) Eurex
Operating Systems
1 434 (100.00%) Linux
2 167 (38.48%) Windows
3 89 (20.51%) Unix
4 78 (17.97%) Windows Server
5 69 (15.90%) CentOS
6 56 (12.90%) Solaris
7 31 (7.14%) AIX
8 26 (5.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 23 (5.30%) Windows Server 2016
10 20 (4.61%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 17 (3.92%) Windows Server 2019
12 15 (3.46%) Windows 10
13 14 (3.23%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (2.76%) Ubuntu
14 12 (2.76%) Windows XP
15 10 (2.30%) VMS
16 8 (1.84%) HPUX
17 7 (1.61%) SUSE
18 6 (1.38%) CoreOS
19 5 (1.15%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (28.57%) DevOps
2 71 (16.36%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (13.13%) Migration
4 50 (11.52%) ITIL
5 48 (11.06%) Configuration Management
6 46 (10.60%) Change Management
7 42 (9.68%) High Availability
8 38 (8.76%) Project Management
9 35 (8.06%) Capacity Management
9 35 (8.06%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 34 (7.83%) Continuous Integration
10 34 (7.83%) Cybersecurity
11 31 (7.14%) Microservices
12 30 (6.91%) Low Latency
13 29 (6.68%) Electronic Trading
14 26 (5.99%) Disaster Recovery
15 24 (5.53%) Infrastructure as Code
15 24 (5.53%) Open Source
16 23 (5.30%) Scrum
17 21 (4.84%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 139 (32.03%) Python
2 74 (17.05%) SQL
3 64 (14.75%) PowerShell
4 61 (14.06%) Java
5 57 (13.13%) Bash Shell
6 50 (11.52%) Perl
7 43 (9.91%) Shell Script
8 24 (5.53%) JavaScript
9 19 (4.38%) C
10 13 (3.00%) C++
11 11 (2.53%) PL/SQL
11 11 (2.53%) Ruby
12 10 (2.30%) C#
13 9 (2.07%) Korn
13 9 (2.07%) PHP
14 7 (1.61%) AWK
14 7 (1.61%) Bourne shell
15 6 (1.38%) Go
16 5 (1.15%) Rust
16 5 (1.15%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 110 (25.35%) Security Cleared
2 80 (18.43%) SC Cleared
3 30 (6.91%) DV Cleared
4 21 (4.84%) Degree
5 10 (2.30%) RHCE
6 9 (2.07%) RHCA
6 9 (2.07%) TOGAF Certification
7 4 (0.92%) CTC Cleared
7 4 (0.92%) MCP
7 4 (0.92%) OCP
7 4 (0.92%) Oracle Certification
7 4 (0.92%) RHCSA
8 3 (0.69%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.69%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.69%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.69%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 2 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.46%) LPIC
9 2 (0.46%) RHCT
9 2 (0.46%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.69%) GDPR
1 3 (0.69%) SLA
2 2 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.46%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (0.46%) QA
2 2 (0.46%) SEPA
3 1 (0.23%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.23%) COBIT
3 1 (0.23%) NIST
3 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 95 (21.89%) VMware Infrastructure
2 93 (21.43%) Docker
3 59 (13.59%) Active Directory
4 28 (6.45%) VMware ESXi
5 25 (5.76%) vSphere
6 24 (5.53%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (3.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 11 (2.53%) Hyper-V
9 10 (2.30%) NFS
10 9 (2.07%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (1.84%) iptables
12 7 (1.61%) GlusterFS
13 6 (1.38%) LXC
14 5 (1.15%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.92%) vCloud
15 4 (0.92%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 3 (0.69%) GPFS
16 3 (0.69%) RACF
16 3 (0.69%) Veritas File System
16 3 (0.69%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 161 (37.10%) Ansible
2 79 (18.20%) Puppet
3 62 (14.29%) Kubernetes
3 62 (14.29%) Terraform
4 45 (10.37%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (5.99%) Red Hat Satellite
6 19 (4.38%) Microsoft Intune
7 18 (4.15%) Salt
7 18 (4.15%) SCCM
8 17 (3.92%) Microsoft Clustering
8 17 (3.92%) Packer
9 14 (3.23%) vRealize
10 13 (3.00%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 12 (2.76%) IBM BigFix
12 10 (2.30%) Prometheus
13 9 (2.07%) Kibana
13 9 (2.07%) NetBackup
13 9 (2.07%) Oracle ZFS
14 8 (1.84%) BladeLogic
14 8 (1.84%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 302 (69.59%) Red Hat
2 139 (32.03%) VMware
3 79 (18.20%) Oracle
4 53 (12.21%) Microsoft
5 42 (9.68%) Cisco
6 37 (8.53%) IBM
7 33 (7.60%) EMC
8 32 (7.37%) Veritas
9 30 (6.91%) Citrix
10 24 (5.53%) SaltStack
11 22 (5.07%) Splunk
12 21 (4.84%) TIBCO
13 20 (4.61%) ION Trading
14 16 (3.69%) HP
15 15 (3.46%) Symantec
16 14 (3.23%) AppDynamics
17 13 (3.00%) Juniper
17 13 (3.00%) Remedy
18 12 (2.76%) Google
18 12 (2.76%) ServiceNow