Period
to 16 October 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of Red Hat products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Red Hat over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within Red Hat, Inc.

Red Hat
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 272 226 233
Rank change year-on-year -46 +7 -30
Contract jobs citing Red Hat 849 339 1,038
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.02% 1.10% 1.22%
As % of the Vendors category 2.52% 2.50% 2.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 563 188 631
10th Percentile £383 £312 £318
25th Percentile £456 £388 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £478 £488
Median % change year-on-year +13.09% -2.05% +2.63%
75th Percentile £625 £550 £588
90th Percentile £700 £641 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £481 £450
% change year-on-year +4.00% +6.83% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 6 10
10th Percentile £39.50 £40.13 £23.75
25th Percentile £39.55 £42.13 £35.94
Median hourly rate £61.50 £50.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +23.00% +5.26% +12.43%
75th Percentile £77.50 £60.31 £50.00
90th Percentile £81.25 £63.63 £51.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £61.50 £50.00 £46.67
% change year-on-year +23.00% +7.14% +11.12%

Red Hat is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 33,650 13,576 36,181
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.46% 43.97% 42.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,873 8,749 23,051
10th Percentile £278 £260 £238
25th Percentile £400 £363 £357
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £552
90th Percentile £700 £669 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £425
% change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 919 392 1,339
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.15 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.88 £14.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate £19.50 £21.50 £19.03
Median % change year-on-year -9.30% +12.98% +11.94%
75th Percentile £45.00 £44.50 £41.84
90th Percentile £63.00 £54.00 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £17.80
% change year-on-year -10.00% +12.36% +7.88%

Red Hat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Red Hat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Red Hat.

Daily rate trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Red Hat over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Red Hat.

Hourly rate trend for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Red Hat over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Red Hat in the UK

Red Hat
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Red Hat within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -52 637 £550 +14.58% 157
London -59 339 £573 +20.53% 70
UK excluding London -49 324 £500 +4.00% 96
Work from Home -77 221 £525 +2.94% 17
Scotland -20 66 £478 +40.44% 3
South East -102 60 £450 -10.00% 25
South West -7 59 £525 -19.23% 20
Midlands -44 54 £525 -4.55% 14
North of England -72 44 £475 +5.56% 23
East of England -14 34 £500 +25.00% 5
West Midlands -45 34 £463 -15.91% 12
North West -45 28 £540 +20.00% 12
East Midlands -22 20 £525 +0.96% 2
Yorkshire -51 14 £400 +50.94% 9
Wales -20 8 £525 +31.25% 4
North East -9 3 £525 -8.22% 2

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Red Hat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Red Hat.

1 669 (78.80%) Linux
2 471 (55.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 265 (31.21%) DevOps
4 254 (29.92%) Windows
5 253 (29.80%) Ansible
6 243 (28.62%) VMware
7 224 (26.38%) Python
8 206 (24.26%) Kubernetes
9 204 (24.03%) AWS
10 193 (22.73%) Agile Software Development
11 192 (22.61%) Docker
12 184 (21.67%) Azure
13 166 (19.55%) Security Cleared
14 160 (18.85%) VMware Infrastructure
14 160 (18.85%) Git (software)
14 160 (18.85%) Jenkins
15 156 (18.37%) Bash Shell
16 153 (18.02%) Oracle
17 147 (17.31%) Social Skills
18 145 (17.08%) SQL
19 137 (16.14%) Firewall
20 136 (16.02%) Microsoft
21 135 (15.90%) OpenShift
22 134 (15.78%) Active Directory
23 132 (15.55%) SC Cleared
24 128 (15.08%) Unix
25 127 (14.96%) Java
26 121 (14.25%) Finance
26 121 (14.25%) Terraform
27 112 (13.19%) Windows Server

Red Hat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (7.18%) Apache
2 53 (6.24%) Confluence
3 44 (5.18%) OpenStack
4 42 (4.95%) Tomcat
5 30 (3.53%) IIS
6 26 (3.06%) Apache Spark
7 25 (2.94%) JBoss
8 22 (2.59%) nginx
9 18 (2.12%) SharePoint
10 14 (1.65%) WebLogic
10 14 (1.65%) WebSphere
11 11 (1.30%) MS Exchange
12 9 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
13 7 (0.82%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.71%) Apache Solr
15 5 (0.59%) Camunda
15 5 (0.59%) Drupal
15 5 (0.59%) NetWeaver
15 5 (0.59%) SAS
15 5 (0.59%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 26 (3.06%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.18%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (1.53%) ION MarketView
2 7 (0.82%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.12%) FLEXCUBE
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.12%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 204 (24.03%) AWS
2 184 (21.67%) Azure
3 135 (15.90%) OpenShift
4 60 (7.07%) GitHub
5 59 (6.95%) PaaS
6 55 (6.48%) IaaS
7 51 (6.01%) GCP
8 36 (4.24%) Microsoft 365
9 35 (4.12%) Amazon EKS
10 29 (3.42%) SaaS
11 25 (2.94%) Serverless
12 21 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
12 21 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
13 19 (2.24%) Amazon S3
14 17 (2.00%) Apigee
14 17 (2.00%) Azure Active Directory
15 16 (1.88%) Slack
16 14 (1.65%) AWS Lambda
17 13 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
17 13 (1.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 137 (16.14%) Firewall
2 93 (10.95%) DNS
3 86 (10.13%) SAN
4 48 (5.65%) TCP/IP
5 44 (5.18%) WAN
6 30 (3.53%) NAS
7 29 (3.42%) HTTP
7 29 (3.42%) Multicast
8 28 (3.30%) SSL
9 27 (3.18%) VPN
10 25 (2.94%) LAN
11 24 (2.83%) Network Security
12 20 (2.36%) DHCP
12 20 (2.36%) Software-Defined Networking
12 20 (2.36%) VSAN
13 18 (2.12%) Internet
13 18 (2.12%) Wireless
14 16 (1.88%) SD-WAN
15 14 (1.65%) Wireshark
16 13 (1.53%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (9.07%) MySQL
2 66 (7.77%) SQL Server
3 52 (6.12%) PostgreSQL
4 51 (6.01%) MongoDB
5 45 (5.30%) Oracle Database
6 31 (3.65%) Big Data
7 26 (3.06%) Hadoop
8 25 (2.94%) NoSQL
9 24 (2.83%) Oracle Database 12c
10 22 (2.59%) Apache Cassandra
11 21 (2.47%) DB2
12 18 (2.12%) Oracle Database 11g
13 17 (2.00%) RDBMS
13 17 (2.00%) Relational Database
13 17 (2.00%) SAP HANA
14 16 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
14 16 (1.88%) Azure SQL Database
14 16 (1.88%) Data Lake
15 15 (1.77%) SQL Server 2016
15 15 (1.77%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 160 (18.85%) Git (software)
1 160 (18.85%) Jenkins
2 100 (11.78%) JIRA
3 57 (6.71%) GitLab
4 56 (6.60%) Bitbucket
5 37 (4.36%) Maven
6 35 (4.12%) Sonatype Nexus
7 21 (2.47%) JUnit
8 19 (2.24%) Jasmine
8 19 (2.24%) SonarQube
9 17 (2.00%) Artifactory
9 17 (2.00%) TeamCity
10 14 (1.65%) Subversion
11 13 (1.53%) Gerrit
11 13 (1.53%) Selenium
11 13 (1.53%) Terragrunt
11 13 (1.53%) Travis CI
12 11 (1.30%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 10 (1.18%) Eclipse
14 9 (1.06%) CircleCI
General
1 147 (17.31%) Social Skills
2 121 (14.25%) Finance
3 82 (9.66%) Public Sector
4 65 (7.66%) Banking
5 45 (5.30%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (3.53%) Telecoms
7 23 (2.71%) Documentation Skills
8 16 (1.88%) Electronics
9 14 (1.65%) Presentation Skills
10 13 (1.53%) Front Office
11 8 (0.94%) Manufacturing
11 8 (0.94%) Marketing
11 8 (0.94%) Retail
12 7 (0.82%) Games
12 7 (0.82%) Prime Brokerage
13 5 (0.59%) Legal
13 5 (0.59%) Organisational Skills
14 4 (0.47%) Automotive
14 4 (0.47%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.47%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 141 (16.61%) Architect
2 93 (10.95%) Administrator
2 93 (10.95%) DevOps Engineer
3 69 (8.13%) Consultant
4 63 (7.42%) Linux Engineer
5 54 (6.36%) Developer
5 54 (6.36%) Systems Administrator
6 52 (6.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 48 (5.65%) Linux Administrator
8 35 (4.12%) DBA
9 33 (3.89%) Infrastructure Architect
9 33 (3.89%) Technical Architect
10 32 (3.77%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 30 (3.53%) Solutions Architect
12 23 (2.71%) Linux Support
13 22 (2.59%) Java Developer
13 22 (2.59%) Platform Engineer
13 22 (2.59%) Unix Administrator
13 22 (2.59%) Unix Engineer
14 21 (2.47%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (5.54%) REST
2 43 (5.06%) Kafka
2 43 (5.06%) Spring
3 41 (4.83%) LDAP
3 41 (4.83%) Node.js
4 39 (4.59%) Spring Boot
5 34 (4.00%) Middleware
6 27 (3.18%) JSON
7 21 (2.47%) XML
8 20 (2.36%) OAuth
9 19 (2.24%) Rendezvous
9 19 (2.24%) YAML
10 17 (2.00%) .NET
10 17 (2.00%) LAMP
10 17 (2.00%) Web Services
11 15 (1.77%) Apache NiFi
12 13 (1.53%) Apache Camel
12 13 (1.53%) JDBC
13 12 (1.41%) AngularJS
13 12 (1.41%) Oracle GoldenGate
Miscellaneous
1 93 (10.95%) Data Centre
2 62 (7.30%) Clustering
3 53 (6.24%) Public Cloud
4 39 (4.59%) Linux Command Line
5 36 (4.24%) Private Cloud
6 24 (2.83%) Replication
7 22 (2.59%) PKI
8 20 (2.36%) Data Protection Act
9 18 (2.12%) Cloud Native
9 18 (2.12%) Hybrid Cloud
10 17 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.41%) User Experience
13 11 (1.30%) Mainframe
13 11 (1.30%) Management Information System
14 9 (1.06%) Equities
15 8 (0.94%) Derivative
15 8 (0.94%) Virtual Team
16 7 (0.82%) Enterprise Storage
17 6 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 669 (78.80%) Linux
2 471 (55.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 254 (29.92%) Windows
4 128 (15.08%) Unix
5 112 (13.19%) Windows Server
6 103 (12.13%) CentOS
7 67 (7.89%) Solaris
8 54 (6.36%) Ubuntu
9 36 (4.24%) Windows Server 2016
10 34 (4.00%) AIX
10 34 (4.00%) Windows Server 2019
11 28 (3.30%) Amazon Linux
12 25 (2.94%) Debian
13 21 (2.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 20 (2.36%) SUSE
15 18 (2.12%) VMS
16 17 (2.00%) Windows 10
17 12 (1.41%) HPUX
18 8 (0.94%) Windows 7
19 7 (0.82%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (31.21%) DevOps
2 193 (22.73%) Agile Software Development
3 98 (11.54%) Migration
4 80 (9.42%) Microservices
5 72 (8.48%) High Availability
6 70 (8.24%) Test Automation
7 68 (8.01%) Problem-Solving
8 62 (7.30%) Infrastructure as Code
8 62 (7.30%) ITIL
9 60 (7.07%) Change Management
9 60 (7.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 58 (6.83%) Disaster Recovery
11 55 (6.48%) Scrum
12 53 (6.24%) Cybersecurity
13 52 (6.12%) Configuration Management
13 52 (6.12%) Open Source
14 49 (5.77%) Load Balancing
15 45 (5.30%) Mentoring
16 43 (5.06%) Continuous Integration
16 43 (5.06%) Root Cause Analysis
Programming Languages
1 224 (26.38%) Python
2 156 (18.37%) Bash Shell
3 145 (17.08%) SQL
4 127 (14.96%) Java
5 98 (11.54%) Perl
6 91 (10.72%) PowerShell
7 61 (7.18%) Shell Script
8 40 (4.71%) PHP
9 39 (4.59%) JavaScript
10 34 (4.00%) Ruby
11 33 (3.89%) C
12 22 (2.59%) PL/SQL
13 20 (2.36%) C++
14 14 (1.65%) C#
14 14 (1.65%) Go
15 12 (1.41%) T-SQL
16 10 (1.18%) AWK
16 10 (1.18%) Scala
17 9 (1.06%) Korn
18 8 (0.94%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 166 (19.55%) Security Cleared
2 132 (15.55%) SC Cleared
3 52 (6.12%) DV Cleared
4 39 (4.59%) Degree
5 20 (2.36%) RHCE
6 18 (2.12%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (1.53%) AWS Certification
8 12 (1.41%) OCP
8 12 (1.41%) Oracle Certification
9 11 (1.30%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 9 (1.06%) CISSP
10 9 (1.06%) CREST Certified
10 9 (1.06%) SANS
10 9 (1.06%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (0.71%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.71%) RHCA
11 6 (0.71%) RHCSA
12 5 (0.59%) LPIC
12 5 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.59%) RHCT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.71%) QA
2 14 (1.65%) GDPR
3 11 (1.30%) SLA
4 10 (1.18%) Data Quality
5 9 (1.06%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 8 (0.94%) OASIS TOSCA
7 5 (0.59%) COBIT
7 5 (0.59%) NIST
7 5 (0.59%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 4 (0.47%) NCSC
9 3 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 3 (0.35%) GPG13
9 3 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (0.35%) JSP 440
9 3 (0.35%) PMO
10 2 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.24%) FISMA
System Software
1 192 (22.61%) Docker
2 160 (18.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 134 (15.78%) Active Directory
4 59 (6.95%) vSphere
5 50 (5.89%) VMware ESXi
6 34 (4.00%) VMware NSX
7 29 (3.42%) NFS
8 28 (3.30%) Oracle RAC
9 27 (3.18%) Virtual Machines
10 18 (2.12%) Hyper-V
10 18 (2.12%) KVM
11 10 (1.18%) LXC
11 10 (1.18%) Veritas File System
11 10 (1.18%) Virtual Servers
12 9 (1.06%) Ceph
12 9 (1.06%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 8 (0.94%) Samba
14 7 (0.82%) HDFS
14 7 (0.82%) SRDF
15 6 (0.71%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 253 (29.80%) Ansible
2 206 (24.26%) Kubernetes
3 121 (14.25%) Terraform
4 90 (10.60%) Puppet
5 67 (7.89%) Red Hat Satellite
6 45 (5.30%) Grafana
7 36 (4.24%) Prometheus
8 35 (4.12%) Opscode Chef
9 29 (3.42%) Istio
10 22 (2.59%) Microsoft Clustering
10 22 (2.59%) NetBackup
10 22 (2.59%) vRealize
11 20 (2.36%) Data Guard
12 16 (1.88%) Control-M
12 16 (1.88%) Docker Swarm
13 15 (1.77%) ZABBIX
14 14 (1.65%) Packer
14 14 (1.65%) Tivoli
15 13 (1.53%) Nagios
16 12 (1.41%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 243 (28.62%) VMware
2 153 (18.02%) Oracle
3 136 (16.02%) Microsoft
4 86 (10.13%) Cisco
5 61 (7.18%) IBM
6 60 (7.07%) HP
7 47 (5.54%) Citrix
8 45 (5.30%) EMC
9 42 (4.95%) Splunk
10 36 (4.24%) Dell
10 36 (4.24%) NetApp
11 34 (4.00%) F5
11 34 (4.00%) SAP
12 33 (3.89%) Juniper
13 24 (2.83%) 3PAR
13 24 (2.83%) Google
14 22 (2.59%) CheckPoint
15 21 (2.47%) Sun
15 21 (2.47%) TIBCO
15 21 (2.47%) Veritas