Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 494 522 475
Rank change year-on-year +28 -47 +57
Permanent jobs citing Ubuntu 864 911 1,025
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.52% 0.58%
As % of the Operating Systems category 2.46% 2.16% 2.36%
Number of salaries quoted 763 802 839
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,050 £32,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 35,170 42,198 43,377
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.22% 24.26% 24.46%
Number of salaries quoted 28,198 34,426 36,632
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £44,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +2.30%
10th Percentile £25,750 £24,750 £24,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,000 £40,000 £39,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% -1.25%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Salary trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 812 £52,500 +5.00% 177
UK excluding London -1 440 £50,000 +11.11% 95
London +59 402 £60,000 - 89
South East -30 112 £52,500 +16.67% 25
South West +90 101 £45,000 -5.26% 23
North of England +41 97 £37,500 - 21
East of England +30 72 £52,500 -12.50% 8
North West +8 49 £40,000 +6.67% 10
Yorkshire +33 40 £30,000 -25.00% 6
Midlands +8 24 £47,500 +31.03% 11
Wales +22 22 £47,500 +36.69% 3
West Midlands +2 16 £47,500 +35.71% 9
Scotland -24 9 £18,500 -64.76% 4
East Midlands +21 8 £57,500 +24.32% 1
North East +12 8 £50,000 +42.86% 5
Northern Ireland -7 3 - -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 864 (100.00%) Linux
2 449 (51.97%) Python
3 398 (46.06%) CentOS
4 347 (40.16%) Amazon AWS
5 333 (38.54%) DevOps
6 302 (34.95%) Bash Shell
7 295 (34.14%) Puppet
8 292 (33.80%) Docker
8 292 (33.80%) Red Hat
9 281 (32.52%) Windows
10 279 (32.29%) Ansible
11 266 (30.79%) Agile Software Development
12 233 (26.97%) Git (software)
13 210 (24.31%) Opscode Chef
14 202 (23.38%) Java
15 199 (23.03%) Jenkins
16 198 (22.92%) Ruby
17 189 (21.88%) VMware
18 188 (21.76%) Configuration Management
19 186 (21.53%) SQL
20 181 (20.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
21 178 (20.60%) Debian
22 171 (19.79%) MySQL
23 167 (19.33%) Kubernetes
24 165 (19.10%) JavaScript
25 162 (18.75%) PHP
26 161 (18.63%) Finance
27 153 (17.71%) Terraform
28 152 (17.59%) Apache
29 149 (17.25%) Perl

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (17.59%) Apache
2 91 (10.53%) Tomcat
3 90 (10.42%) nginx
4 68 (7.87%) Elasticsearch
5 53 (6.13%) IIS
6 39 (4.51%) MS Exchange
7 34 (3.94%) WordPress
8 33 (3.82%) Confluence
9 31 (3.59%) OpenStack
10 16 (1.85%) Exchange Server 2010
10 16 (1.85%) WildFly
11 14 (1.62%) Skype for Business
12 10 (1.16%) SharePoint
13 9 (1.04%) JBoss
14 8 (0.93%) Apache Spark
15 3 (0.35%) CloudStack
15 3 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
15 3 (0.35%) GlassFish
15 3 (0.35%) MQSeries
15 3 (0.35%) WebLogic
Applications
1 24 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.81%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (1.85%) Odoo
2 5 (0.58%) Magento
3 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 347 (40.16%) Amazon AWS
2 146 (16.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 145 (16.78%) Google Cloud Platform
4 71 (8.22%) Cloud Computing
5 53 (6.13%) AWS CloudFormation
5 53 (6.13%) SaaS
6 52 (6.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 46 (5.32%) Amazon EC2
8 34 (3.94%) Office 365
9 30 (3.47%) GitHub
10 25 (2.89%) Route 53
11 19 (2.20%) Amazon S3
12 18 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
13 17 (1.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 15 (1.74%) Datadog
15 14 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
16 13 (1.50%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 10 (1.16%) PaaS
17 10 (1.16%) Slack
18 9 (1.04%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 116 (13.43%) Firewall
2 105 (12.15%) DNS
3 51 (5.90%) VPN
4 49 (5.67%) TCP/IP
5 35 (4.05%) VoIP
6 28 (3.24%) DHCP
7 24 (2.78%) SAN
8 23 (2.66%) HTTP
9 22 (2.55%) Internet
9 22 (2.55%) WAN
10 21 (2.43%) LAN
10 21 (2.43%) OpenVPN
11 20 (2.31%) VLAN
12 19 (2.20%) SSH
13 17 (1.97%) Network Security
13 17 (1.97%) Wi-Fi
14 15 (1.74%) Asterisk PBX
15 14 (1.62%) Skype
16 13 (1.50%) OPNsense
17 12 (1.39%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (19.79%) MySQL
2 127 (14.70%) PostgreSQL
3 82 (9.49%) SQL Server
4 71 (8.22%) Big Data
4 71 (8.22%) NoSQL
5 58 (6.71%) Redis
6 48 (5.56%) MongoDB
7 37 (4.28%) Amazon RDS
7 37 (4.28%) Relational Database
8 27 (3.13%) Apache Cassandra
9 22 (2.55%) Hadoop
9 22 (2.55%) Neo4j
10 20 (2.31%) RDBMS
11 17 (1.97%) HBase
12 16 (1.85%) Amazon Redshift
12 16 (1.85%) SQL Server 2008
12 16 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
12 16 (1.85%) SQL Server 2014
13 15 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
13 15 (1.74%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 233 (26.97%) Git (software)
2 199 (23.03%) Jenkins
3 81 (9.38%) JIRA
4 71 (8.22%) Subversion
5 63 (7.29%) Maven
6 59 (6.83%) Vagrant
7 48 (5.56%) Bitbucket
8 46 (5.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 40 (4.63%) Octopus Deploy
10 34 (3.94%) TeamCity
11 29 (3.36%) Selenium
12 28 (3.24%) Gradle
13 25 (2.89%) Travis CI
14 24 (2.78%) JUnit
14 24 (2.78%) TestNG
15 23 (2.66%) Log4j
16 22 (2.55%) Team Foundation Server
17 17 (1.97%) Hudson
18 16 (1.85%) IntelliJ
19 15 (1.74%) Ant
General
1 161 (18.63%) Finance
2 38 (4.40%) Banking
3 28 (3.24%) Games
4 25 (2.89%) Front Office
5 21 (2.43%) Investment Banking
6 20 (2.31%) Retail
7 12 (1.39%) Telecoms
8 10 (1.16%) Marketing
9 7 (0.81%) Electronics
9 7 (0.81%) Law
10 4 (0.46%) Advertising
10 4 (0.46%) Military
10 4 (0.46%) Publishing
11 3 (0.35%) Back Office
11 3 (0.35%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.35%) German Language
11 3 (0.35%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.12%) Automotive
13 1 (0.12%) Billing
Job Titles
1 194 (22.45%) DevOps Engineer
2 178 (20.60%) Developer
3 124 (14.35%) Systems Administrator
4 119 (13.77%) Administrator
5 108 (12.50%) Linux Engineer
6 78 (9.03%) Linux Administrator
6 78 (9.03%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 53 (6.13%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 53 (6.13%) Systems Engineer
8 50 (5.79%) Python Developer
8 50 (5.79%) Software Engineer
9 47 (5.44%) AWS DevOps
9 47 (5.44%) Java Developer
10 44 (5.09%) Cloud Engineer
10 44 (5.09%) Linux Systems Engineer
11 40 (4.63%) Linux DevOps Engineer
12 38 (4.40%) Senior Developer
13 37 (4.28%) AWS Engineer
13 37 (4.28%) PHP Developer
14 35 (4.05%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 149 (17.25%) Web Services
2 97 (11.23%) HTML
3 86 (9.95%) CSS
4 74 (8.56%) LAMP
5 59 (6.83%) Elastic Stack
5 59 (6.83%) RESTful
6 57 (6.60%) Node.js
7 54 (6.25%) .NET
7 54 (6.25%) jQuery
8 53 (6.13%) Ajax
9 50 (5.79%) LEMP Stack
9 50 (5.79%) Spring
10 45 (5.21%) AngularJS
11 39 (4.51%) LAPP Stack
12 35 (4.05%) SOAP
13 30 (3.47%) React
14 29 (3.36%) HTML5
14 29 (3.36%) REST
14 29 (3.36%) Twisted
15 28 (3.24%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 48 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (5.44%) Linux Command Line
3 43 (4.98%) Data Centre
4 42 (4.86%) Fintech
5 34 (3.94%) Greenfield Project
6 32 (3.70%) Clustering
7 31 (3.59%) User Experience
8 28 (3.24%) Hedge funds
8 28 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
9 26 (3.01%) Derivative
10 25 (2.89%) Equities
10 25 (2.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (2.43%) Fixed Income
12 20 (2.31%) Mobile App
13 19 (2.20%) Public Cloud
14 15 (1.74%) Hybrid Cloud
14 15 (1.74%) Private Cloud
15 14 (1.62%) EPoS
16 13 (1.50%) Management Information System
17 12 (1.39%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 864 (100.00%) Linux
2 398 (46.06%) CentOS
3 281 (32.52%) Windows
4 181 (20.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 178 (20.60%) Debian
6 142 (16.44%) Windows Server
7 107 (12.38%) Unix
8 64 (7.41%) Fedora
9 51 (5.90%) Android
10 50 (5.79%) SUSE
10 50 (5.79%) Windows 10
10 50 (5.79%) Windows Server 2012
11 48 (5.56%) Windows Server 2008
12 32 (3.70%) Windows 7
12 32 (3.70%) Windows 8
13 31 (3.59%) Solaris
14 25 (2.89%) openSUSE
15 22 (2.55%) FreeBSD
16 19 (2.20%) AIX
17 16 (1.85%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 333 (38.54%) DevOps
2 266 (30.79%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (21.76%) Configuration Management
4 144 (16.67%) Open Source
5 135 (15.63%) Continuous Integration
6 123 (14.24%) Software Engineering
7 99 (11.46%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 91 (10.53%) Problem-Solving
9 68 (7.87%) Test Automation
10 62 (7.18%) Scrum
11 61 (7.06%) Microservices
12 52 (6.02%) Computer Science
13 47 (5.44%) High Availability
14 45 (5.21%) Mentoring
15 44 (5.09%) ITIL
16 42 (4.86%) TDD
17 40 (4.63%) Unit Testing
18 39 (4.51%) E-Commerce
19 38 (4.40%) Disaster Recovery
20 35 (4.05%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 449 (51.97%) Python
2 302 (34.95%) Bash Shell
3 202 (23.38%) Java
4 198 (22.92%) Ruby
5 186 (21.53%) SQL
6 165 (19.10%) JavaScript
7 162 (18.75%) PHP
8 149 (17.25%) Perl
9 100 (11.57%) PowerShell
10 83 (9.61%) C++
11 74 (8.56%) C#
12 58 (6.71%) C
13 36 (4.17%) Shell Script
14 22 (2.55%) Go
15 21 (2.43%) Bourne shell
15 21 (2.43%) Korn
16 20 (2.31%) Groovy
17 17 (1.97%) Scala
18 15 (1.74%) R
19 14 (1.62%) Erlang
Qualifications
1 85 (9.84%) Degree
2 33 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 32 (3.70%) Security Cleared
4 25 (2.89%) Cisco Certification
5 20 (2.31%) CCNA
6 19 (2.20%) DV Cleared
7 12 (1.39%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (1.39%) SC Cleared
8 11 (1.27%) CISSP
9 10 (1.16%) LPIC
10 9 (1.04%) Numerate Degree
11 8 (0.93%) RHCE
12 7 (0.81%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.81%) MCSE
12 7 (0.81%) SSCP
13 6 (0.69%) MBA
13 6 (0.69%) MCP
13 6 (0.69%) PhD
13 6 (0.69%) RHCSA
14 5 (0.58%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.70%) QA
2 22 (2.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 22 (2.55%) SLA
3 11 (1.27%) GDPR
3 11 (1.27%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.69%) HL7
4 6 (0.69%) ISO 22301
4 6 (0.69%) ISO 9000
5 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.12%) GAMP
System Software
1 292 (33.80%) Docker
2 139 (16.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 99 (11.46%) Active Directory
4 41 (4.75%) VMware ESXi
5 39 (4.51%) vSphere
6 37 (4.28%) Hyper-V
7 35 (4.05%) VirtualBox
8 33 (3.82%) pfSense
9 31 (3.59%) Virtual Machines
10 28 (3.24%) KVM
10 28 (3.24%) NFS
11 24 (2.78%) Xen
12 22 (2.55%) Samba
13 13 (1.50%) HDFS
14 11 (1.27%) iptables
15 6 (0.69%) Ceph
15 6 (0.69%) Firmware
16 5 (0.58%) GlusterFS
16 5 (0.58%) PowerHA
16 5 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 295 (34.14%) Puppet
2 279 (32.29%) Ansible
3 210 (24.31%) Opscode Chef
4 167 (19.33%) Kubernetes
5 153 (17.71%) Terraform
6 79 (9.14%) ZABBIX
7 57 (6.60%) Nagios
8 56 (6.48%) Packer
9 55 (6.37%) Salt
10 38 (4.40%) Docker Swarm
11 28 (3.24%) Kibana
12 22 (2.55%) logstash
13 20 (2.31%) vCenter Server
14 18 (2.08%) SCCM
15 17 (1.97%) Grafana
15 17 (1.97%) Prometheus
16 14 (1.62%) OpenNMS
17 13 (1.50%) Cacti
18 11 (1.27%) HAProxy
18 11 (1.27%) Icinga
Vendors
1 292 (33.80%) Red Hat
2 189 (21.88%) VMware
3 114 (13.19%) Google
4 97 (11.23%) Oracle
5 90 (10.42%) Microsoft
6 58 (6.71%) Cisco
7 41 (4.75%) Splunk
8 34 (3.94%) Atlassian
9 26 (3.01%) NetApp
10 25 (2.89%) SolarWinds
11 20 (2.31%) New Relic
12 19 (2.20%) Citrix
12 19 (2.20%) Rackspace
13 18 (2.08%) IBM
14 17 (1.97%) Dell
14 17 (1.97%) SaltStack
15 15 (1.74%) Rakuten
15 15 (1.74%) Remedy
15 15 (1.74%) Teradata
16 14 (1.62%) Hortonworks