Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 444 576 481
Rank change year-on-year +132 -95 +111
Permanent jobs citing Ubuntu 482 444 879
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.39% 0.59%
As % of the Operating Systems category 2.97% 1.82% 2.56%
Number of salaries quoted 366 368 740
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £28,750
25th Percentile £40,000 £32,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £66,250 £62,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £82,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £40,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% -15.79% +5.56%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 16,249 24,370 34,403
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.57% 21.41% 23.11%
Number of salaries quoted 13,164 19,864 27,780
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,000 £25,851
25th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ubuntu.

Salary trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +130 424 £50,000 -4.76% 92
UK excluding London +145 313 £45,000 +12.50% 67
London +60 132 £61,000 +6.09% 30
South West +61 94 £38,750 +10.71% 9
South East +101 82 £45,000 +12.50% 23
Work from Home -76 66 £55,000 +37.50% 26
North of England +58 42 £42,500 -10.53% 9
Midlands +46 36 £60,000 +33.33% 10
East of England +75 35 £45,000 -14.29% 11
West Midlands +43 23 £63,750 +50.00% 8
Yorkshire +12 23 £44,000 -2.22% 4
Scotland +10 18 £55,000 +57.14% 4
East Midlands +9 13 £60,000 +33.33% 2
North West +38 11 £43,000 -25.22% 3
North East +20 8 £40,000 -23.81% 2
Northern Ireland -13 6 £52,500 +64.06% 1
Wales +25 1 £36,250 -23.68%

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 482 (100.00%) Linux
2 260 (53.94%) AWS
3 243 (50.41%) CentOS
4 208 (43.15%) DevOps
5 190 (39.42%) Azure
6 182 (37.76%) Docker
7 176 (36.51%) Ansible
8 168 (34.85%) Windows
9 162 (33.61%) Git (software)
10 158 (32.78%) Python
11 149 (30.91%) Bash Shell
12 143 (29.67%) Agile Software Development
13 141 (29.25%) PowerShell
14 140 (29.05%) VMware
15 136 (28.22%) Microsoft
16 130 (26.97%) Red Hat
17 128 (26.56%) Puppet
18 122 (25.31%) Firewall
19 119 (24.69%) VMware Infrastructure
20 117 (24.27%) Kubernetes
21 114 (23.65%) Windows Server
22 110 (22.82%) Terraform
23 107 (22.20%) Configuration Management
24 98 (20.33%) JavaScript
25 95 (19.71%) SQL
26 92 (19.09%) MySQL
27 89 (18.46%) JIRA
28 88 (18.26%) Jenkins
29 81 (16.80%) Infrastructure as Code
29 81 (16.80%) Web Services

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (15.77%) Apache
2 65 (13.49%) Confluence
3 53 (11.00%) nginx
4 32 (6.64%) Elasticsearch
5 22 (4.56%) IIS
6 20 (4.15%) Tomcat
7 16 (3.32%) Apache Spark
7 16 (3.32%) CMS
8 14 (2.90%) WordPress
9 12 (2.49%) SharePoint
10 11 (2.28%) Red Hat Fuse
11 10 (2.07%) MS Exchange
12 9 (1.87%) OpenStack
13 6 (1.24%) GlassFish
14 5 (1.04%) Apache Pulsar
14 5 (1.04%) Drupal
14 5 (1.04%) Facebook Platform
15 4 (0.83%) EPiServer
16 3 (0.62%) JBoss
17 2 (0.41%) SAS
Applications
1 12 (2.49%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.45%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.62%) Adobe XD
4 3 (0.62%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (1.87%) Magento
2 1 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 260 (53.94%) AWS
2 190 (39.42%) Azure
3 45 (9.34%) GCP
3 45 (9.34%) Serverless
4 37 (7.68%) Amazon EC2
5 35 (7.26%) Azure Active Directory
6 32 (6.64%) Microsoft 365
7 31 (6.43%) PaaS
8 30 (6.22%) Amazon S3
8 30 (6.22%) Logic Apps
9 29 (6.02%) SaaS
10 28 (5.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 20 (4.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 19 (3.94%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (3.73%) IaaS
14 17 (3.53%) Amazon EKS
15 16 (3.32%) AWS CloudFormation
15 16 (3.32%) GitHub
16 12 (2.49%) Amazon GuardDuty
17 11 (2.28%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 122 (25.31%) Firewall
2 72 (14.94%) VPN
3 62 (12.86%) HTTP
4 57 (11.83%) DNS
5 49 (10.17%) VLAN
6 48 (9.96%) OSPF
7 45 (9.34%) IPv4
8 40 (8.30%) TCP/IP
9 33 (6.85%) DHCP
10 28 (5.81%) SAN
11 19 (3.94%) SSL
12 16 (3.32%) BGP
12 16 (3.32%) Cisco IOS
12 16 (3.32%) MPLS
13 14 (2.90%) Internet
13 14 (2.90%) WAN
14 10 (2.07%) LAN
14 10 (2.07%) Network Security
14 10 (2.07%) SNMP
15 8 (1.66%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (19.09%) MySQL
2 44 (9.13%) PostgreSQL
3 30 (6.22%) Azure SQL Database
4 26 (5.39%) MongoDB
5 22 (4.56%) SQL Server
6 21 (4.36%) NoSQL
7 18 (3.73%) Amazon RDS
8 17 (3.53%) Apache Cassandra
9 16 (3.32%) Big Data
10 12 (2.49%) Redis
10 12 (2.49%) Relational Database
11 7 (1.45%) MariaDB
12 6 (1.24%) CouchDB
12 6 (1.24%) Geospatial Data
12 6 (1.24%) Hadoop
13 5 (1.04%) Impala
13 5 (1.04%) InfluxDB
13 5 (1.04%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
14 3 (0.62%) HBase
Development Applications
1 162 (33.61%) Git (software)
2 89 (18.46%) JIRA
3 88 (18.26%) Jenkins
4 46 (9.54%) Subversion
5 26 (5.39%) TeamCity
6 24 (4.98%) GitLab
7 19 (3.94%) Travis CI
8 15 (3.11%) Bitbucket
9 12 (2.49%) Maven
10 10 (2.07%) GoCD
10 10 (2.07%) Octopus Deploy
11 7 (1.45%) IntelliJ
11 7 (1.45%) Postman
11 7 (1.45%) Sonatype Nexus
11 7 (1.45%) Vagrant
12 6 (1.24%) git-flow
12 6 (1.24%) SonarQube
12 6 (1.24%) Spinnaker
13 5 (1.04%) Artifactory
13 5 (1.04%) WebStorm
General
1 44 (9.13%) Finance
2 23 (4.77%) Public Sector
3 21 (4.36%) Law
3 21 (4.36%) Marketing
4 17 (3.53%) Telecoms
5 10 (2.07%) Banking
5 10 (2.07%) Retail
6 7 (1.45%) Games
7 6 (1.24%) Publishing
8 5 (1.04%) Legal
8 5 (1.04%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 94 (19.50%) DevOps Engineer
2 89 (18.46%) Developer
3 68 (14.11%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 66 (13.69%) Linux Engineer
5 42 (8.71%) Administrator
6 41 (8.51%) Senior DevOps
7 39 (8.09%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 38 (7.88%) Architect
9 36 (7.47%) Senior Developer
10 35 (7.26%) PHP Developer
11 33 (6.85%) Systems Administrator
12 28 (5.81%) Linux Administrator
12 28 (5.81%) Network Engineer
13 26 (5.39%) Azure Engineer
13 26 (5.39%) Cloud Engineer
14 23 (4.77%) Consultant
14 23 (4.77%) Linux Systems Administrator
15 20 (4.15%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
16 18 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
16 18 (3.73%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (16.80%) Web Services
2 57 (11.83%) CSS
2 57 (11.83%) HTML
3 47 (9.75%) REST
4 44 (9.13%) LAMP
5 42 (8.71%) Laravel
6 28 (5.81%) Ajax
7 27 (5.60%) Node.js
7 27 (5.60%) Vue.js
8 24 (4.98%) jQuery
8 24 (4.98%) Kafka
9 23 (4.77%) LEMP Stack
10 22 (4.56%) RESTful
11 21 (4.36%) React
12 20 (4.15%) Symfony
13 19 (3.94%) JSON
14 18 (3.73%) Elastic Stack
15 14 (2.90%) AngularJS
15 14 (2.90%) Sass
15 14 (2.90%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 43 (8.92%) Linux Command Line
2 35 (7.26%) Public Cloud
3 28 (5.81%) Hybrid Cloud
4 17 (3.53%) Mobile App
4 17 (3.53%) NHS
4 17 (3.53%) Smartphone
5 16 (3.32%) Clustering
6 14 (2.90%) Virtual Team
7 12 (2.49%) Data Centre
8 9 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (1.66%) Eurex
9 8 (1.66%) Replication
10 7 (1.45%) Algorithms
10 7 (1.45%) Analytical Skills
10 7 (1.45%) Management Information System
11 6 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (1.04%) Derivative
12 5 (1.04%) Greenfield Project
12 5 (1.04%) Social Media
13 4 (0.83%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 482 (100.00%) Linux
2 243 (50.41%) CentOS
3 168 (34.85%) Windows
4 114 (23.65%) Windows Server
5 69 (14.32%) Debian
6 64 (13.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 52 (10.79%) Windows Server 2016
8 45 (9.34%) Unix
9 32 (6.64%) Alpine Linux
10 21 (4.36%) Windows 10
11 15 (3.11%) Mac OS
12 14 (2.90%) Fedora
13 11 (2.28%) Windows Server 2019
14 9 (1.87%) Solaris
14 9 (1.87%) SUSE
15 8 (1.66%) Windows Server 2012
16 7 (1.45%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (1.24%) Oracle Linux
18 4 (0.83%) Amazon Linux
18 4 (0.83%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (43.15%) DevOps
2 143 (29.67%) Agile Software Development
3 107 (22.20%) Configuration Management
4 81 (16.80%) Infrastructure as Code
5 68 (14.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 63 (13.07%) Problem-Solving
7 58 (12.03%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 54 (11.20%) Machine Learning
8 54 (11.20%) Scrum
8 54 (11.20%) Web Development
9 53 (11.00%) Data Science
9 53 (11.00%) ITIL
10 52 (10.79%) Migration
11 50 (10.37%) Service Management
12 49 (10.17%) Task Automation
13 46 (9.54%) DevSecOps
13 46 (9.54%) SDLC
13 46 (9.54%) Software Testing
14 45 (9.34%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 44 (9.13%) Cyber Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 158 (32.78%) Python
2 149 (30.91%) Bash Shell
3 141 (29.25%) PowerShell
4 98 (20.33%) JavaScript
5 95 (19.71%) SQL
6 71 (14.73%) PHP
7 64 (13.28%) Java
8 38 (7.88%) Perl
9 34 (7.05%) Shell Script
10 31 (6.43%) Ruby
11 11 (2.28%) C#
12 9 (1.87%) Java 8
12 9 (1.87%) PHP 7
13 8 (1.66%) PHP 5
14 6 (1.24%) TypeScript
15 4 (0.83%) Go
16 3 (0.62%) C
16 3 (0.62%) C++
16 3 (0.62%) ES6
17 2 (0.41%) Scala
Qualifications
1 52 (10.79%) Degree
2 41 (8.51%) Security Cleared
3 28 (5.81%) Cisco Certification
4 23 (4.77%) SC Cleared
5 20 (4.15%) CCNA
6 17 (3.53%) CCNP
7 15 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
8 14 (2.90%) AWS Certification
8 14 (2.90%) JNCIP
9 6 (1.24%) JNCIA
10 5 (1.04%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.83%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.83%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.62%) CISSP
12 3 (0.62%) MCSE
13 2 (0.41%) Linux+ Certification
13 2 (0.41%) MCSA
13 2 (0.41%) Network+ Certification
13 2 (0.41%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (7.26%) QA
2 17 (3.53%) SLA
3 4 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.83%) NIST
4 3 (0.62%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (0.62%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 3 (0.62%) WCAG
5 2 (0.41%) Government Security Classifications
5 2 (0.41%) NCSC
5 2 (0.41%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 182 (37.76%) Docker
2 119 (24.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 73 (15.15%) Active Directory
4 40 (8.30%) VMware ESXi
5 36 (7.47%) Hyper-V
6 19 (3.94%) KVM
7 15 (3.11%) Xen
8 14 (2.90%) vSphere
9 12 (2.49%) Samba
10 9 (1.87%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 8 (1.66%) Ceph
11 8 (1.66%) FreeRADIUS
11 8 (1.66%) NFS
12 7 (1.45%) Postfix
12 7 (1.45%) Virtual Machines
13 6 (1.24%) Btrfs
13 6 (1.24%) DRBD
13 6 (1.24%) StorNext
13 6 (1.24%) Xsan
14 4 (0.83%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 176 (36.51%) Ansible
2 128 (26.56%) Puppet
3 117 (24.27%) Kubernetes
4 110 (22.82%) Terraform
5 27 (5.60%) Nagios
6 25 (5.19%) Opscode Chef
7 21 (4.36%) Docker Swarm
7 21 (4.36%) ZABBIX
8 17 (3.53%) Prometheus
9 11 (2.28%) Oracle ZFS
10 10 (2.07%) HAProxy
11 9 (1.87%) FortiGate
12 8 (1.66%) Grafana
12 8 (1.66%) Kibana
13 7 (1.45%) Cacti
14 6 (1.24%) Check_MK
14 6 (1.24%) Munin
14 6 (1.24%) Nmap
14 6 (1.24%) Red Hat Satellite
15 5 (1.04%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 140 (29.05%) VMware
2 136 (28.22%) Microsoft
3 130 (26.97%) Red Hat
4 57 (11.83%) Oracle
5 50 (10.37%) Cisco
6 41 (8.51%) Google
7 27 (5.60%) Juniper
8 17 (3.53%) HP
9 14 (2.90%) Citrix
9 14 (2.90%) EMC
10 11 (2.28%) Dell
11 10 (2.07%) Veeam
12 9 (1.87%) Bloomberg
12 9 (1.87%) Fortinet
12 9 (1.87%) IBM
12 9 (1.87%) Reuters
12 9 (1.87%) WooCommerce
12 9 (1.87%) Zend
13 8 (1.66%) ION Trading
13 8 (1.66%) Patsystems