Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ubuntu skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ubuntu over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ubuntu Linux
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 554 549 495
Rank change year-on-year -5 -54 -1
Permanent jobs citing Ubuntu 651 823 1,011
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.50% 0.58%
As % of the Operating Systems category 2.03% 2.17% 2.31%
Number of salaries quoted 521 745 899
UK median annual salary £49,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -6.67% +5.00% -4.76%
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £29,950
90th Percentile £81,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,500 £44,500
% change year-on-year +1.12% - -1.11%

Ubuntu is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 32,112 37,945 43,742
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.94% 22.95% 24.90%
Number of salaries quoted 25,328 30,619 35,336
UK median annual salary £45,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,235 £25,225 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,000 £40,210 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.97% +0.52% -

Ubuntu
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ubuntu as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ubuntu.

Salary trend for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ubuntu over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Ubuntu in the UK

Ubuntu
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ubuntu within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 612 £50,000 -4.76% 117
UK excluding London +31 415 £45,000 +1.12% 76
London -37 214 £65,000 +8.33% 47
South East -1 125 £46,750 -6.50% 23
South West +37 90 £52,500 +31.25% 7
East of England +99 73 £45,000 -35.71% 10
North of England -11 63 £37,500 +7.14% 19
North West +34 46 £32,500 -18.75% 7
Midlands +53 44 £42,000 +5.00% 11
West Midlands +49 35 £40,000 - 8
Scotland +18 12 £44,750 +37.69% 4
East Midlands +23 9 £47,500 +18.75% 3
North East +23 9 £50,000 +21.21% 5
Yorkshire -41 8 £58,750 +74.07% 7
Wales -7 5 £49,000 -2.00% 2
Northern Ireland -3 4 £32,000 -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Ubuntu also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ubuntu.

1 647 (99.39%) Linux
2 352 (54.07%) CentOS
3 273 (41.94%) Python
4 264 (40.55%) AWS
5 241 (37.02%) Windows
6 217 (33.33%) Docker
7 214 (32.87%) DevOps
8 208 (31.95%) Red Hat
9 206 (31.64%) Bash Shell
10 187 (28.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 184 (28.26%) MySQL
12 179 (27.50%) Puppet
13 165 (25.35%) Debian
14 164 (25.19%) Ansible
15 151 (23.20%) VMware
16 139 (21.35%) Azure
17 131 (20.12%) Firewall
18 128 (19.66%) Kubernetes
19 123 (18.89%) PowerShell
19 123 (18.89%) Agile Software Development
20 121 (18.59%) DNS
21 120 (18.43%) Git (software)
22 116 (17.82%) Configuration Management
23 114 (17.51%) Cisco
24 112 (17.20%) Windows Server
25 108 (16.59%) Microsoft
26 107 (16.44%) Opscode Chef
27 105 (16.13%) Degree
27 105 (16.13%) TCP/IP
28 104 (15.98%) Open Source

Ubuntu
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (14.29%) Apache
2 76 (11.67%) nginx
3 70 (10.75%) Elasticsearch
4 54 (8.29%) MS Exchange
5 37 (5.68%) SharePoint
6 33 (5.07%) OpenStack
7 30 (4.61%) Tomcat
8 25 (3.84%) Confluence
9 16 (2.46%) Exchange Server 2013
10 14 (2.15%) CloudStack
11 13 (2.00%) Cloud Foundry
11 13 (2.00%) IIS
12 11 (1.69%) CMS
12 11 (1.69%) Exchange Server 2010
13 10 (1.54%) WordPress
14 8 (1.23%) Apache Pig
14 8 (1.23%) Apache Spark
15 6 (0.92%) Drupal
16 5 (0.77%) Apache Solr
17 3 (0.46%) WildFly
Applications
1 22 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.92%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 264 (40.55%) AWS
2 139 (21.35%) Azure
3 90 (13.82%) GCP
4 81 (12.44%) Office 365
5 51 (7.83%) AWS CloudFormation
6 50 (7.68%) Amazon EC2
7 35 (5.38%) Serverless
8 33 (5.07%) AWS Lambda
9 30 (4.61%) GitHub
10 29 (4.45%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (4.15%) Amazon S3
12 26 (3.99%) SaaS
13 23 (3.53%) Amazon SQS
14 21 (3.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 21 (3.23%) Heroku
15 19 (2.92%) IaaS
15 19 (2.92%) OpenShift
16 18 (2.76%) PaaS
16 18 (2.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 15 (2.30%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 131 (20.12%) Firewall
2 121 (18.59%) DNS
3 105 (16.13%) TCP/IP
4 92 (14.13%) VPN
5 50 (7.68%) DHCP
6 49 (7.53%) VLAN
7 43 (6.61%) HTTP
8 37 (5.68%) SNMP
9 33 (5.07%) LAN
9 33 (5.07%) WAN
10 31 (4.76%) SAN
11 30 (4.61%) SMTP
12 28 (4.30%) Internet
13 27 (4.15%) Network Security
13 27 (4.15%) VoIP
14 26 (3.99%) SSH
15 25 (3.84%) Wireless
16 22 (3.38%) Wi-Fi
17 21 (3.23%) OSPF
18 20 (3.07%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (28.26%) MySQL
2 77 (11.83%) PostgreSQL
3 47 (7.22%) SQL Server
4 36 (5.53%) Big Data
5 34 (5.22%) MongoDB
6 33 (5.07%) Amazon RDS
7 28 (4.30%) NoSQL
8 23 (3.53%) Redis
9 16 (2.46%) Apache Cassandra
10 13 (2.00%) Hadoop
11 11 (1.69%) Amazon Aurora
12 9 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 9 (1.38%) Relational Database
13 5 (0.77%) Crystal Reports
13 5 (0.77%) MariaDB
14 4 (0.61%) CouchDB
14 4 (0.61%) Neo4j
15 3 (0.46%) Ingres
15 3 (0.46%) Oracle Database
15 3 (0.46%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 120 (18.43%) Git (software)
2 87 (13.36%) Jenkins
3 76 (11.67%) JIRA
4 29 (4.45%) Subversion
5 26 (3.99%) Bitbucket
6 23 (3.53%) GitLab
7 22 (3.38%) Vagrant
8 21 (3.23%) Octopus Deploy
9 20 (3.07%) Gerrit
10 14 (2.15%) TeamCity
11 13 (2.00%) Visual Studio Team System
12 12 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (1.69%) Sonatype Nexus
14 6 (0.92%) Appium
14 6 (0.92%) CircleCI
14 6 (0.92%) Eclipse
14 6 (0.92%) Selenium
15 4 (0.61%) gulp
15 4 (0.61%) PHPUnit
15 4 (0.61%) Travis CI
General
1 79 (12.14%) Finance
2 30 (4.61%) Retail
3 15 (2.30%) Law
3 15 (2.30%) Pharmaceutical
3 15 (2.30%) Public Sector
4 12 (1.84%) Banking
5 11 (1.69%) Marketing
6 9 (1.38%) Games
6 9 (1.38%) Publishing
7 8 (1.23%) Automotive
8 7 (1.08%) Aerospace
8 7 (1.08%) Back Office
8 7 (1.08%) Electronics
8 7 (1.08%) Telecoms
9 4 (0.61%) Multimedia
10 3 (0.46%) Legal
11 2 (0.31%) French Language
11 2 (0.31%) German Language
11 2 (0.31%) Local Government
11 2 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 118 (18.13%) Administrator
2 107 (16.44%) Linux Engineer
3 100 (15.36%) Systems Administrator
4 91 (13.98%) Developer
5 88 (13.52%) DevOps Engineer
6 62 (9.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 62 (9.52%) Linux Administrator
7 52 (7.99%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 52 (7.99%) Systems Engineer
8 32 (4.92%) Linux Systems Engineer
8 32 (4.92%) Linux/Unix DevOps
9 30 (4.61%) Software Engineer
10 29 (4.45%) AWS Engineer
10 29 (4.45%) PHP Developer
11 25 (3.84%) Analyst
12 24 (3.69%) AWS DevOps
13 23 (3.53%) Cloud Engineer
13 23 (3.53%) Support Engineer
14 21 (3.23%) Consultant
14 21 (3.23%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (11.37%) LAMP
2 55 (8.45%) HTML
3 45 (6.91%) LEMP Stack
4 43 (6.61%) CSS
4 43 (6.61%) Web Services
5 38 (5.84%) Node.js
6 33 (5.07%) jQuery
7 31 (4.76%) XML
8 25 (3.84%) AngularJS
8 25 (3.84%) REST
9 24 (3.69%) LDAP
10 22 (3.38%) Elastic Stack
11 21 (3.23%) JSON
12 20 (3.07%) LAPP Stack
12 20 (3.07%) OpenJDK
13 17 (2.61%) Ajax
13 17 (2.61%) Kafka
14 14 (2.15%) 802.1X
15 13 (2.00%) React
15 13 (2.00%) Symfony
Miscellaneous
1 48 (7.37%) Self-Motivation
2 43 (6.61%) Linux Command Line
3 38 (5.84%) Clustering
4 35 (5.38%) Public Cloud
4 35 (5.38%) Smartphone
5 31 (4.76%) Hybrid Cloud
6 30 (4.61%) Virtual Team
7 27 (4.15%) Mobile App
8 25 (3.84%) Replication
9 22 (3.38%) Analytical Skills
10 21 (3.23%) Video\Live Streaming
11 17 (2.61%) IPTV
11 17 (2.61%) MPEG
12 15 (2.30%) Data Centre
12 15 (2.30%) Renewable Energy
13 13 (2.00%) Private Cloud
14 12 (1.84%) Management Information System
15 11 (1.69%) User Experience
16 10 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
16 10 (1.54%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 647 (99.39%) Linux
2 352 (54.07%) CentOS
3 241 (37.02%) Windows
4 187 (28.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 165 (25.35%) Debian
6 112 (17.20%) Windows Server
7 77 (11.83%) Unix
8 72 (11.06%) Windows 10
9 53 (8.14%) SUSE
10 42 (6.45%) Fedora
11 40 (6.14%) Windows 7
12 39 (5.99%) Windows Server 2012
13 35 (5.38%) Solaris
14 27 (4.15%) Mac OS
15 14 (2.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (1.84%) Mac OS X
16 12 (1.84%) Windows 8
17 10 (1.54%) Android
18 9 (1.38%) Apple iOS
19 5 (0.77%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 214 (32.87%) DevOps
2 123 (18.89%) Agile Software Development
3 116 (17.82%) Configuration Management
4 104 (15.98%) Open Source
5 103 (15.82%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 74 (11.37%) High Availability
7 72 (11.06%) Computer Science
7 72 (11.06%) Software Engineering
8 67 (10.29%) Continuous Integration
9 65 (9.98%) Infrastructure as Code
10 64 (9.83%) Test Automation
11 63 (9.68%) Problem-Solving
12 60 (9.22%) Cybersecurity
13 53 (8.14%) ITIL
14 52 (7.99%) Disaster Recovery
15 42 (6.45%) Microservices
16 41 (6.30%) Performance Tuning
17 40 (6.14%) SDLC
18 38 (5.84%) Time Management
19 36 (5.53%) Task Automation
Programming Languages
1 273 (41.94%) Python
2 206 (31.64%) Bash Shell
3 123 (18.89%) PowerShell
4 102 (15.67%) JavaScript
5 96 (14.75%) Java
6 92 (14.13%) Ruby
7 91 (13.98%) PHP
8 66 (10.14%) Perl
9 51 (7.83%) SQL
10 50 (7.68%) C
10 50 (7.68%) C++
11 37 (5.68%) Go
12 35 (5.38%) Shell Script
13 12 (1.84%) Scala
14 9 (1.38%) Apple Swift
14 9 (1.38%) Clojure
15 8 (1.23%) Kotlin
16 7 (1.08%) C#
16 7 (1.08%) PHP 5
17 5 (0.77%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 105 (16.13%) Degree
2 70 (10.75%) Security Cleared
3 46 (7.07%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (5.99%) Cisco Certification
5 34 (5.22%) SC Cleared
6 31 (4.76%) CCNP
6 31 (4.76%) Microsoft Certification
7 21 (3.23%) MCSA
8 15 (2.30%) CCNA
9 12 (1.84%) DV Cleared
9 12 (1.84%) RHCA
9 12 (1.84%) RHCE
10 10 (1.54%) CCDP
11 9 (1.38%) AWS Certification
12 8 (1.23%) LPIC
12 8 (1.23%) MCSE
13 5 (0.77%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 3 (0.46%) RHCSA
16 2 (0.31%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (3.99%) QA
2 17 (2.61%) PCI DSS
3 14 (2.15%) SLA
4 13 (2.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.46%) GDPR
6 2 (0.31%) HL7
6 2 (0.31%) MISRA
7 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 217 (33.33%) Docker
2 102 (15.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 98 (15.05%) Active Directory
4 67 (10.29%) KVM
5 57 (8.76%) Hyper-V
6 50 (7.68%) Virtual Machines
7 39 (5.99%) vSphere
8 37 (5.68%) Xen
9 31 (4.76%) VMware ESXi
10 18 (2.76%) NFS
10 18 (2.76%) Samba
10 18 (2.76%) VMware NSX
11 17 (2.61%) DRBD
11 17 (2.61%) VirtualBox
12 13 (2.00%) pfSense
13 12 (1.84%) iptables
14 10 (1.54%) GlusterFS
15 8 (1.23%) Firmware
16 6 (0.92%) Snort
16 6 (0.92%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 179 (27.50%) Puppet
2 164 (25.19%) Ansible
3 128 (19.66%) Kubernetes
4 107 (16.44%) Opscode Chef
5 87 (13.36%) Terraform
6 56 (8.60%) Nagios
7 53 (8.14%) ZABBIX
8 32 (4.92%) Prometheus
9 30 (4.61%) Docker Swarm
10 29 (4.45%) SCCM
11 25 (3.84%) Packer
12 19 (2.92%) vCenter Server
13 18 (2.76%) Grafana
14 17 (2.61%) WSUS
15 14 (2.15%) Salt
15 14 (2.15%) SCOM
16 13 (2.00%) HAProxy
17 12 (1.84%) Graphite
17 12 (1.84%) Microsoft Intune
17 12 (1.84%) OpenNMS
Vendors
1 208 (31.95%) Red Hat
2 151 (23.20%) VMware
3 114 (17.51%) Cisco
4 108 (16.59%) Microsoft
5 56 (8.60%) Google
6 52 (7.99%) Dell
7 37 (5.68%) HP
8 24 (3.69%) SolarWinds
9 20 (3.07%) Oracle
10 19 (2.92%) Citrix
11 18 (2.76%) Meraki
11 18 (2.76%) NetApp
12 17 (2.61%) Rackspace
13 16 (2.46%) Apple
13 16 (2.46%) Veeam
14 15 (2.30%) Juniper
15 13 (2.00%) CommVault
15 13 (2.00%) EMC
15 13 (2.00%) Percona
16 12 (1.84%) SaltStack