Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 128 51 91
Rank change year-on-year -77 +40 -10
Permanent jobs citing BDD 136 182 339
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 2.28% 5.03% 3.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.41% 5.34% 3.63%
Number of salaries quoted 116 169 309
10th Percentile £46,250 £53,750 £46,835
25th Percentile £47,500 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £70,000
75th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £84,609
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £92,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,635 3,407 9,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.59% 94.25% 93.91%
Number of salaries quoted 5,024 2,996 8,237
10th Percentile £43,250 £45,000 £38,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £85,875 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £100,625 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in the City of London.

Salary trend for BDD in the City of London

BDD
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 97 (71.32%) Agile Software Development
2 95 (69.85%) TDD
3 59 (43.38%) Test Automation
4 44 (32.35%) QA
4 44 (32.35%) Microservices
5 41 (30.15%) Software Engineering
5 41 (30.15%) Scrum
6 40 (29.41%) .NET
7 39 (28.68%) C#
7 39 (28.68%) DevOps
8 37 (27.21%) Java
9 36 (26.47%) SQL
10 35 (25.74%) Continuous Integration
11 31 (22.79%) Git (software)
11 31 (22.79%) Python
11 31 (22.79%) Finance
12 30 (22.06%) Selenium
13 29 (21.32%) Docker
14 28 (20.59%) Cucumber
15 27 (19.85%) Mobile App
16 26 (19.12%) JIRA
16 26 (19.12%) Software Testing
17 24 (17.65%) Kubernetes
18 23 (16.91%) User Experience
19 22 (16.18%) HTML
19 22 (16.18%) Azure
19 22 (16.18%) AWS
20 21 (15.44%) React
21 20 (14.71%) Web Services
21 20 (14.71%) CSS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (9.56%) Elasticsearch
2 11 (8.09%) Apache Solr
2 11 (8.09%) CMS
2 11 (8.09%) Drupal
3 7 (5.15%) Confluence
3 7 (5.15%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.47%) Jetty
5 1 (0.74%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.74%) MS Exchange
5 1 (0.74%) Oracle Coherence
Cloud Services
1 22 (16.18%) AWS
1 22 (16.18%) Azure
2 6 (4.41%) Amazon ECS
2 6 (4.41%) Amazon EKS
2 6 (4.41%) SaaS
3 5 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
3 5 (3.68%) Azure Service Fabric
3 5 (3.68%) Microsoft 365
3 5 (3.68%) NuGet
4 4 (2.94%) Azure App Service
4 4 (2.94%) Azure Event Grid
4 4 (2.94%) Azure Functions
4 4 (2.94%) Azure Service Bus
4 4 (2.94%) BlazeMeter
4 4 (2.94%) GCP
4 4 (2.94%) Serverless
4 4 (2.94%) Trello
5 1 (0.74%) Azure Pipelines
5 1 (0.74%) BrowserStack
5 1 (0.74%) CloudBees
Communications & Networking
1 12 (8.82%) Internet
2 1 (0.74%) HTTP
2 1 (0.74%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (13.24%) NoSQL
2 13 (9.56%) MongoDB
3 12 (8.82%) MySQL
4 11 (8.09%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (8.09%) Redis
5 8 (5.88%) SQL Server
6 5 (3.68%) Relational Database
7 4 (2.94%) Azure SQL Database
7 4 (2.94%) Data Warehouse
8 3 (2.21%) Oracle Database
8 3 (2.21%) Oracle Database 10g
8 3 (2.21%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.74%) Apache Ignite
9 1 (0.74%) Big Data
9 1 (0.74%) Flink
9 1 (0.74%) Hazelcast
9 1 (0.74%) Infinispan
9 1 (0.74%) Parquet
9 1 (0.74%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 31 (22.79%) Git (software)
2 30 (22.06%) Selenium
3 28 (20.59%) Cucumber
4 26 (19.12%) JIRA
5 15 (11.03%) NUnit
6 14 (10.29%) SpecFlow
6 14 (10.29%) webpack
7 13 (9.56%) Jenkins
8 10 (7.35%) Octopus Deploy
8 10 (7.35%) TeamCity
9 9 (6.62%) JMeter
9 9 (6.62%) Postman
9 9 (6.62%) WebDriver
10 8 (5.88%) JUnit
10 8 (5.88%) Rhino Mocks
11 7 (5.15%) Cypress.io
11 7 (5.15%) Maven
12 6 (4.41%) REST Assured
13 5 (3.68%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (3.68%) Visual Studio
General
1 31 (22.79%) Finance
2 18 (13.24%) Social Skills
3 13 (9.56%) Analytical Skills
4 12 (8.82%) Electronics
5 11 (8.09%) Banking
6 5 (3.68%) Front Office
6 5 (3.68%) Publishing
7 3 (2.21%) Investment Banking
7 3 (2.21%) Retail
8 1 (0.74%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.74%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 68 (50.00%) Developer
2 20 (14.71%) Java Developer
2 20 (14.71%) Senior Developer
3 16 (11.76%) Lead Developer
4 14 (10.29%) Analyst
5 13 (9.56%) Test Analyst
6 12 (8.82%) Applications Developer
6 12 (8.82%) Mobile Applications Developer
6 12 (8.82%) Mobile Developer
6 12 (8.82%) Xamarin Developer
7 10 (7.35%) Test Engineer
8 9 (6.62%) .NET Developer
8 9 (6.62%) Automation Test Analyst
8 9 (6.62%) Senior Analyst
8 9 (6.62%) Senior Automation Test Analyst
8 9 (6.62%) Senior Test Analyst
8 9 (6.62%) Software Engineer
9 8 (5.88%) Engineering Manager
9 8 (5.88%) Lead .NET Developer
10 7 (5.15%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (29.41%) .NET
2 22 (16.18%) HTML
3 21 (15.44%) React
4 20 (14.71%) CSS
4 20 (14.71%) Web Services
5 19 (13.97%) Node.js
6 17 (12.50%) Spring
7 16 (11.76%) Gherkin
8 15 (11.03%) .NET Core
8 15 (11.03%) Express
9 13 (9.56%) JSON
9 13 (9.56%) REST
10 12 (8.82%) RabbitMQ
10 12 (8.82%) React Native
10 12 (8.82%) Reactive Extensions
10 12 (8.82%) Spring Boot
11 9 (6.62%) AngularJS
11 9 (6.62%) XML
12 6 (4.41%) Kafka
12 6 (4.41%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 27 (19.85%) Mobile App
2 23 (16.91%) User Experience
3 13 (9.56%) Self-Motivation
4 12 (8.82%) Internet of Things
5 9 (6.62%) Greenfield Project
6 8 (5.88%) Hybrid Cloud
7 5 (3.68%) Data Structures
8 4 (2.94%) Algorithms
8 4 (2.94%) Derivative
8 4 (2.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (2.94%) Legacy Systems
8 4 (2.94%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.47%) Video\Live Streaming
10 1 (0.74%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.74%) Interest Rate Derivative
10 1 (0.74%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.74%) Over-the-Top Content
10 1 (0.74%) PKI
10 1 (0.74%) Reference Data
10 1 (0.74%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 14 (10.29%) Android
1 14 (10.29%) Apple iOS
2 4 (2.94%) Windows
2 4 (2.94%) Windows 10
3 2 (1.47%) Linux
4 1 (0.74%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (71.32%) Agile Software Development
2 95 (69.85%) TDD
3 59 (43.38%) Test Automation
4 44 (32.35%) Microservices
5 41 (30.15%) Scrum
5 41 (30.15%) Software Engineering
6 39 (28.68%) DevOps
7 35 (25.74%) Continuous Integration
8 26 (19.12%) Software Testing
9 19 (13.97%) Clean Code
9 19 (13.97%) SOLID
10 18 (13.24%) OO
11 17 (12.50%) Test Strategy
12 16 (11.76%) Agile Testing
12 16 (11.76%) Fintech
13 15 (11.03%) Multithreading
13 15 (11.03%) SDLC
14 13 (9.56%) Mentoring
15 12 (8.82%) Coaching
15 12 (8.82%) Sprint Retrospective
Programming Languages
1 39 (28.68%) C#
2 37 (27.21%) Java
3 36 (26.47%) SQL
4 31 (22.79%) Python
5 18 (13.24%) JavaScript
6 5 (3.68%) C
6 5 (3.68%) Java 8
7 4 (2.94%) TypeScript
8 3 (2.21%) C++
8 3 (2.21%) Go
8 3 (2.21%) PHP
8 3 (2.21%) Ruby
8 3 (2.21%) VBScript
9 2 (1.47%) Bash Shell
9 2 (1.47%) Groovy
9 2 (1.47%) PowerShell
10 1 (0.74%) Haskell
10 1 (0.74%) Kotlin
10 1 (0.74%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.74%) Scala
Qualifications
1 8 (5.88%) ISTQB
2 6 (4.41%) Degree
3 5 (3.68%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (3.68%) ISEB
4 3 (2.21%) SC Cleared
4 3 (2.21%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.74%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (32.35%) QA
2 3 (2.21%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.74%) ISO 20022
3 1 (0.74%) SEPA
System Software
1 29 (21.32%) Docker
Systems Management
1 24 (17.65%) Kubernetes
2 7 (5.15%) HP Quality Center
3 3 (2.21%) Kibana
4 2 (1.47%) Consul
4 2 (1.47%) logstash
4 2 (1.47%) Packer
4 2 (1.47%) Terraform
5 1 (0.74%) Grafana
Vendors
1 16 (11.76%) Xamarin
2 6 (4.41%) Microsoft
2 6 (4.41%) Oracle
3 4 (2.94%) HP
4 2 (1.47%) Google
4 2 (1.47%) PayPal
5 1 (0.74%) Facebook
5 1 (0.74%) IBM
5 1 (0.74%) Murex
5 1 (0.74%) New Relic
5 1 (0.74%) Perfecto Mobile
5 1 (0.74%) TIBCO
5 1 (0.74%) Veracode
5 1 (0.74%) VMware